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U. S. ATETT OF AGRICULZ'URE
BUR. AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS LEASE AFT:ROON PAPERS,
WASHINGTON THURSDAY, October 8, 1931.
CATTLE FErIDnTG SITUATI0W OCTOBER 1, 1931.
Shipments of stocker and feeder cattle into 'The eleven Corn Belt States,
which in July and Au0ast -'cre much larger than in corresponding months of 1930,
fell off rather sharply during September. Thle estimated number of such cattb
inspected through markets for shipment into the Corn Belt in September was
about 13 per cent smaller than in Se)tember last yerr cnd -ere the second
smallest for th'e month in 10 years. The decrease ,was due to the mach sm-.tller
shipments this year thar l-st into the states west of the Mississippi River.
Shipments into the states cast of the river were considerably larger than last
For the three months, July to September, shipments into +he Corn 'Belt
this year -ere about 13 per cenit larger than the small shipm-nts d-ri-i.:: these
---months in 1930, but rere 5 per cent smaller than the 5-year average shipments
for these months. Last yecr the shipments d-.ring these three months 70re the
smallest percentage of the 6 months Julv to December, shipments in 12 yenrs.
For the past 5 years the shipments during the 3 months July to Septembr have
averaged 39.1 per cent of the totrl shipments for 6 months, July to Dece-iber.
This percentage applied, to the-i shipments from July to September this 'ear
gives a number about equal to the total shipmrcnts for -he six months period
The small shipments of stocker ard f-e.er cattle in ScrJter-$b.r reflected
the small supplies of cattle received at stoclZrard narl_:et' d-,.ring that month.
Receipts at seven ler.ding mrrark---ets in Septerber this :rear ;ere 15 per cent
smaller than in Septexbcr last -rear an *7ere the smallest for th' innmth in
at least 15 years. Records from four leedin:'. rarkets covering the k-inds
and. "reishts of stock'.er and feeder cattle shipped show that d3irin% the 3
months, July to Septerber calves and. cows and. heifers were smaller percentages
of the total this vyar than last -.nd stcerc corresoondinMlr lorg;er. Of the
steers there. was a considerable increase in h-e percen-t gc u-ider 7?00 pounc'.s and
a decrease in the percentages in all the different rreight Frorps ovcr 700
Reports received froe the different feeding states indicate t't the
... pa'11a witer will tend to ref' ee-t thc. feed
." situation. In states where corn production this -rear is relatively large
feeder shipments are on e. considerably larger scale t'.'ar- last ycar; but
where corn nrodu-ction an.-d ot_,r fe-a supplies are short feeder shiprents
have been' reduced. ir n.ear... P.ll states .-fficulties in financi-. feeCing
operations are reported and variou-.s rethods o: contract feeding are beir.g
In the -estern cattle feedi-.;g states supplies of ha:- sn-d feed. -rains
are much smaller than last vcar and difficulties in finEncin focdi:g
operations are reported. In Texas 'hcrc cattle feedi.r in sor.e ;-:'irs rcachcd
consider-able volume feed 1roizs and cotton seed orod-ction is largo ai
prices for theso are relatively low.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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