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u. ,c.4 .j V UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRIULTJRE
BURY.AU OF AGRICULTURAL FC00,'ICS
4 o, .CI/tIVISION OF CROP AID LIVESTOCK ESTIMATES
PLEASE AFTERNOON PAPERS
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1930.
CATTLE T-IDIYG SITUATION 0IOU'EvER 1, 1930.
The demand for stocker and feeder cattle during October improved con-
siderably. This resulted in relatively large shipments from markets into the
Corn Belt feeding states. At the same time prices tended to strengthen some-
what during the month while the usual trend of prices during October is
The estimated shipments of Ftockor and feeder cattle into the 11 Corn
Belt states in October, inspected through markets, 'vcre about 35,000 head or
6 per cent smaller than the hevyr October shipments of 1929, but v'e-.re as large
or larger than any other October in the past five "ears and 5 Per cent alove
the 5-year Octoter average. The proportion of October shipments to the total for
the four months July to October was the largest in 12 years. The total of
these shipments for the four months July to Octoier thisas about 11 per cent
smaller than for these months in 1929 and smaller thon for any other Mear since
1931 except in 1927 when the October shiripments r'ere very small.
Compared to last year the decrease in the shipments during the. four
months was mostly in the totsl to the- states east of the Mississippi River.
The total shipments to the states west of the river vwere only 5 per cent
smaller, with a large increase into Nebraska and some increase into South Da-
kota and Minnesota, but with Iowa, Missouri and Kansas all having. dccrcasws.
As during the previous 3 months this v-ar the shipments during October
included an unusually large proportion of feeder calves and a s-n.all proportion
of cows and heifers. Records from 4 leading stocker and feeder markets show
that the proportion of calves in the October shipmcn:ts this -%ear vwas 21 per
cent of the total compared to 14 per cent in October 1929 and 9 per' ce-it in
1928 and 1927 and the actual number of calves -,as n-,arlv 70 per cent larger
than in 1929. The proportion of cows and heifers in October was 13 p-r cent
this year, 16 per cent last year and 22 per cent in 1I28. The proportion of
.--s.teers weighing over 800 pounds was smaller in Octoh-er th'-is "ear than lastwhile
the proportion under 800 pounds was about the same.
Information available as to feeding, prospects in the western states for
the coming winter indicate thp.t there ro ll be some decrease in cattle feeding
in this area as a whole. Decreased feeding is orobablc in Colorpdo, due toa
decrease in northern Colorado, with little change in the rest of the state. De-
creases are also indicated in Montana, W'om.in-,;, Utah, I.evada and Washington,
with some increase in California and not. mach cna:ge in Idaho.
The improved demand for and the increased s'-hipments of stocker ard feeder
cdattle in October r-ere due to the declining prices of cor.i and oth:,r feed stuffs,
to the somewhat ir"proved prospects for corn production, to the relatively wide
spread between feeder and fat cattle -orices and t.e generallv favorable weatherr
through October. This demand will probably co-.tinue thro,ih Tovcrrbcr, especial-
ly if the weather during the month is favorable, as more than the us'ial pro-
portion of corn stalkfields nill be available for pasture early in the
month due to the early completion of husking.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
3llIiB 1111262 08867liIB IB 1 164816 1
3 1282 08867 1648
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