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..P UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
.-u : &zq/? BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
Division of Crop and Livestock Estimates
Release Thursday Noon,
October 9, 1930.
CATTLE FEEDIiG SITUATION OCTOBERl, 1.930.
The shipments of stocker and feeder cattle into the eleven Corn Belt
States during the th--ee months JulN to September this veer points to a
material reduction in the supply of grain finished cattle to be marketed
during the coming winter. The number of cattle and calves inspected
through markets for shipment into the Corn Belt for these three months this
year was about 25 ner cent smaller than for the same months last year,
30 per cent smaller than the 5 year average, and much the smallest in 12
The shipments into all of the states in this area, except Iebraskm,
'.ere smaller this year than last, the most marked decreases being into the
states where feed production was most seriously affected by the drought.
The shipments into the states east of the Mississippi were 40 per cent
smaller than last year, while into the states west of the river they r'ere
only 16 per cent smaller.
There seems little likelihood that 'he movement of unfinished cattle
during the last three months of this vear will be much larger relatively
than during the three months July to September. Present indications are
that the shipments during the three months October to December this year
will be a considerably smaller proportion of the total shipments for the 6
months, July to December, than last year, when they were a much larger
proportion than usual of this total. If this proves to be the case the total
6 months movement this year may be nearly a third smaller than last year.
Records of the kinds and weights of stocker and feeder cattle shipped
from four leading markets show material increases this year over last in
the percentage of heavy feeders (over 1,000 lbs.) and of calves, and a
marked decrease in the percentage of cows and heifers and some decrease in
th9 percentage of yearling steers. In the case of calves the actual number
is nearly 20 per cent larger this -rear than last although the total movern.ent
of cattle and calves from the four markets was 20 per cent smaller this
The decreased shipments of unfinished cattle this year are due largely
to the unfavorable feed situation in most of the leading feeding states and
also, in part, to the unprofitable returns from feeding operations during
the past 6 months. The reduction of 25 per cent in shipments of such cat-
tle this year from last has been accompanied by a decrease in price of
around 35 per cent.
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