Cattle feeding situation

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Cattle feeding situation
Physical Description:
v. : ; 27 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
Publisher:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics.
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Cattle -- Feeding and feeds -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )

Notes

Issuing Body:
Issued by: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, <1947>-1953; by: Agricultural Marketing Service, <1954->

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 029026578
oclc - 85233313
lccn - 2011229345
System ID:
AA00014692:00007


This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text

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UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
PRODUCTION AND MARKETING ADq.INISTRATION
ROOM 301 LIVESTOCK BRANCH TELEPHONE
999 EXCHANGE AVENUE CHICAGO 9, ILLINOIS YARDS 6520


CATTLE FEEDING SITUATION, CCTOBER I, 1944_

WASHINGTON, D.C.,OCTOBER II,1946 (USDA). BECAUSE OF THE CONFUSION AND UNCERTAINTIES
IN THE LIVESTOCK AND MEAT SITUATION EARLY IN OCTOBER AN APPRAISAL OF THE CATTLE FEEDING
SITUATION AS OF THAT DATE IS UNUSUALLY DIFFICULT THE BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS REPORTED
TODAY. THE FACTORS THAT ARE USUALLY MOST IMPORTANT IN DETERMINING THE NUMBER OF CATTLE TO BE
FED DURING THE WINTER FEEDING PERIOD POINT TO A SUBSTANTIAL INCREASE IN CATTLE FEEDING OVER A
YEAR EARLIER. THESE FACTORS ARE THE MOVEMENT OF STOCKER AND FEEDER CATTLE INTO THE CORN BELT
STATES, THE SUPPLY AND PROBABLE PRICE OF FEED GRAINS, ESPECIALLY CORN, PROBABLE MOVEMENT OF FEED-
ER CATTLE FROM PRODUCING AREAS DURING THE LAST THREE MONTHS OF THE YEAR, AND THE ACTUAL AND
RELATIVE PRICES OF FEEDER AND FAT CATTLE.
THE SHIPMENTS OF STOCKER AND FEEDER CATTLE INTO THE II CORN BELT STATES DURING THE THREE
MONTHS, JULY THROUGH SEPTEMBER, THIS YEAR WERE OF NEAP-RECORD SIZE. THEY WERE 36 PER CENT LARGER
THAN IN 1945, AND MUCH LARGER THAN IN ANY OTHER YEAR SINCE 1940. THE NUMBER WAS ABOVE LAST YEAR
IN MOSTLY ALL STATES, WITH THE LARGEST INCREASES SHOWN BY IOWA, ILLINOIS, AND MISSOURI. IN
ADDITION TO THEZE LARGE IN-SHIPMENTS SINCE JULY I, IN-SHI.PMENTS DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THIS
YEAR WERE ABOUT EQUAL TO THE RELATIVELY LARGE MOVEMENT DURING THE FIRST HALF OF 1945, ESTIMATES
OF THE NUMBER OF CATTLE ON FEED AUGUST I INDICATE THAT A MUCH SMALLER THAN USUAL PROPORTION OF
THE CATTLE SHIPPED IN THIS YEAR WERE PUT ON FEED BEFORE AUGUST I. HENCE A RELATIVELY LARGE PART
OF THESE IN-SHIPMENTS WAS AVAILABLE FOR FEEDING THIS FALL AND WINTER.
THE CORN CROP OF 1946 IS THE LARGEST ON RECORD AND THE OATS CROP THE SECOND LARGEST,
THF qUALITY OF THIS YEAR'S CROP IS MATERIALLY BETTER THAN THAT OF THE 1945 CROP, WITH A MUCH
HIGHER FEEDING VALUE. THE PRICE OF THE NEW CROP IS EXPECTED TO BE SUBSTANTIALLY LOWER THAN THE
PRICE OF OLD CORN IN EARLY OCTOBER ALTHOUGH SOMEWHAT HIGHER THAN PRICES IN THE WINTER OF 1945-46.
ABUNDANT MOISTURE IN SEPTEMBER AND EARLY OCTOBER IN THE GREAT PLAINS AREA HAS RESULTED
IN EXCELLENT WHEAT PASTURES OVER NEARLY ALL OF THIS AREA FROM NEBRASKA TO TEXAS. A KEEN DEMAND
FOR CATTLE TO GRAZE ON THESE PASTURES HAS DEVELOPED AND THE MOVEMENT INTO THIS AREA IS EXPECTED
TO -BE RELATIVELY LARGE. CATTLE FROM THESE PASTURES USUALLY ARE MARKETED IN VOLUME DURING THE
LATE WINTER AND SPRING.
INFORMATION AS TO THE NUMBER OF STOCKER AND FEEDER CATTLE THAT WILL MOVE FROM PRODUCING
AREAS DURING THE BALANCE OF THE YEAR IS VERY LIMITED. AVAILABLE RECORDS INDICATE THAT SHIPMENTS
OUT OF THE NORTHERN PLAINS AND ROCKY MOUNTAIN STATES IN AUGUST AND SEPTEMBER WERE RELATIVELY
LARGE AND MUCH LARGER THAN LAST YEAR. APPARENTLY THE DIRECT MOVEMENT (NOT GOIMG THROUGH STOCK-
YARDS) WAS QUITE LARGE,
REPORTS FROM DIFFERENT STATES ARE THAT THE HIGH COST OF STOCKER AND FEEDER CATTLE IS
TENDING TO HOLD BACK MANY FEEDERS WHO CONSIDER THE RISK OF FEEDING CATTLE AT PRESENT PRICES TOO
GREAT. FEEDER CATTLE PRICES HAVE STRENGTHENED MATERIALLY SINCE AUGUST AND ARE AT THE HIGHEST
LEVEL ON RECORD AND NEARLY $4.00 PER HUNDRED ABOVE A YEAR AGO. REPORTS FROM THE WESTERN STATES
ALSO STATE THAT HIGH FEEDER CATTLE PRICES AND HIGH PRICES FOR HAY AND GRAIN ARE LIKELY TO REDUCE
CATTLE FEEDING IN MOST OF THESE STATES.
ANOTHER FACTOR OF SOME IMPORTANCE IN THE CATTLE FEEDING SITUATION THIS YEAR IS THE
MARKED EXPANSION IN CATTLE FEEDING OPERATIONS BY CHAIN FOOD STORES HAVING SLAUGHTER FACILITIES
AND BY REGULAR MEAT PACKERS, LARGE AND SMALL, THESE OPERATIONS ARE BEING CARRIED ON BOTH BY
BUYING AND LEASING LARGE COMMERCIAL FEED LOTS AND OPERATING THEM AND BY WAVING CATTLE FED ON A
SPREAD OR GAIN BASIS BY FARMERS AND FEED LOT OPERATORS.
RECORDS OF SHIPMENTS OF STOCKER *ND FEEDER CATTLE FROM FOUR LEADING MARKETS FOR THE
THREE MONTHS JULY TO SEPTEMBER THIS YEAR AND LAST SHOW A DECREASE IN THE NUMBER OF HEAVY
FEEDER STEERS (1000 POUNDS AND OVER) AND ABOUT 20 PER CENT INCREASE IN OTHER WEIGHT CLASSES OF
STEERS. THERE WAS A MARKED INCREASE OF 80 PER CENT IN SHIPMENTS OF FEEDER CALVES AND OF 70 PER
CENT IN COWS AND HEIFERS. TOTAL SHIPMENTS FROM THESE FOUR MARKETS WERE UP OVER ONE-THIRD.

L. M. WYATT,
LOCAL REPRESENTATIVE.

RELEASED BY
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
WASHINGTON 25 D.C.
OCTOBER 11, T946,


STJ. 10/11/46 12:30 P.M. (CST).








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