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UNITED STATES DEPAR9NT OF AGRICULTURE
/" i3/ BUREAU OF AGRICUtTURAL ECONOMICS Release
SWASHINGTON, D. C. 12:00 (Noon)
January 15, 1935
CATTLE FEEDING SITUATION JANUARY 1, 1935
The number of cattle on feed for market in the Corn Belt States on January 1,
1935 was 46 percent smaller than the number on feed a year earlier according to the
cattle on feed estimate prepared by the Bureau of Agricultural Economics. This is
much the largest decrease from the previous year shown in the 13 years for which
similar estimates have been made, The number of cattle on feed January 1 this year
is the smallest in many years,
There were wide variations among the States in the percentage change from a
year earlier, these ranging from decreases of 80 and 65 porc:.t, rp'pctively, in
Kansas and Misso-iri to increases of 5 and 15 pcrcunt, respectlv-Ay., in 2hio and
Indiana. For the Statos east of the Mississippi River, as a wholoe t.h.cr was a
decrease of 7 percent, while for the States west of that river the decrease was 57
The number of cattle on food in the 11 Western States on January 1 this year
was estimated as 16 percent smaller than a year earlier, with decreases in nearly
all of the States, In Texas and Oklahoma the total number on feed this year is
only about one-half as large as a year agc6
Reports from Corn Belt feeders as to the average weight of cattle put on feed,
this year indicated a decrease from last year in the proportion of heavy weights
(1000 lbs. and up), an increase in the proportion of medium weights (750-1000 lbs.)
and a decrease in light weight steers and calves. Records of shipments from four
leading markets for the last 6 L. e!thz 'of -134 h --c;rshow a decrease in the propor-
tion of medium weights and an increase in the proportion of light weights, when
compared with a year earlier. This difference would seem to indicate that a much
larger proportion of light weight cattle shipped in this year were not put on feed
but are being roughed through the winter.
The number of stocker and feeder cattle, inspected through stockyards rmrkets,
shipped into the Corn Belt from July 1 to December 31 as reported was about 5 per-
cent smaller this year than the small number of a year earlier. The number this
year, however, includes an unknown number of cattle purchased by the Government in
drought areas and shipped into some of these States for pasture and local relief
slaughter. There was a marked decrease this year in the intra-stato movement of
feeder cattle, not going through stockyards, in the Corn Belt States west of the
The estimated number of cattle on feed January 1, 1935 as a percent of
January 1, 1934 for the different Corn Belt States is as follows
Ohio 105 percent Iona 80 percent
Indiana 115 Missouri 35 "
Illinois 85 So. Dakota 70 "
Michigan 85 Nebraska 40 t
Wisconsin 88 Kansas 20 "
Minnesota 80 "
Corn Belt (weighted) 54.0 percent.
IVERsITv, OF FLORIDA "
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