Secondary education in agriculture in the United States

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Material Information

Title:
Secondary education in agriculture in the United States
Series Title:
Experiment Stations Office Circ. No. 91
Physical Description:
11 p. : ; 23 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
United States Dept. of Agriculture, Office of Experiment Stations
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Agricultural education -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
Caption title.
General Note:
"Issued November 8, 1909."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 029597531
oclc - 73489472
System ID:
AA00014615:00001


This item is only available as the following downloads:


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Florida, Idaho, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, N.
shire, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Dakota, Ohi.o,0 .
Oregon, Pennsylvania, Porto Rico, Rhode Island, So..t....
Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, .West Virginia, Wmo
Wyoming. Whether that is a complete list or not, it aho: i
wide and general diffusion of secondary instruction through
cultural colleges throughout the country..
Of the separate agricultural high schools receiving state
are, first, the congressional-district agricultural high schoo:
were established first in Alabama, and this State now h:.as
schools. Each of these schools has a branch experiment t
nected with it, is provided with land for experimental and o
poses, receives an annual appropriation of $4,500 from ,:.fi
maintenance, and has a considerable equipment of build" iA
and machinery. The course of study extends over fourYi N
corresponds in grade to that of other high schools i:::t..:
[cir. 91


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curriculum of secondary senools navaig agricwtural co.ts
conform in a general way to that adopted for the gei
system of the State;'(4) the standard agricultural couse
in the ordinary high schools or in special school, sho
narrowly vocational, but should aim to fit the pupils fo.
gressive, broad-minded, and intelligent men aMd womli
good farmers and horticulturists; (5) the stadmndaii: Mouns.i
tural secondary schools should be so organized as to~o for
and proper preparation for entrance to agritltura i .lg ..
The conditions of entrance requirements tosollegaei
ment, far from satisfactory. It s not likely that w W
ultimate plan for the preparation .. t.he greft meM t
[Car. 91]

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in secondary schools it is going to be a very diLrii*ap
In the near future the colleges will have all they .an flot
of the students in regular college courses in agricultin.reMi ...
agricultural schools will fill a great need by atracting
mature students who would not go to the ordinur h'igh li
the ordinary high schools will have plenty of agricul ural a
proper high-school age. < .. ,
As I said, I believe the standard courses in these speldf4A
schools should not be narrowly vocational, but should ..e.
general way, to the general standard for the highly ool
the State, and they should be organized so as to ..coni
nitely with the general educational system of.the St.t:srr:
it will probably be found necessary in the case of s U hofr*
shortened the school year to twenty-four weeks of6 ;ifiB
instead of thirty-six weeks of five days each, to add .
the standard course, making it five years inteajl d of ..
Cir. 91 .........

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Bookkeepfng.......... ........ .... lit
Moid geometry ............ ........
Pintrigonometry and sureylang,
French or German, horticultural 1- 1 e
readii
Botany, chemistry, or physics.... 1 do
Horticulture or elementary for-' I..., a
estry.o eas

*Timpe ams is additie. to Owe 724 -bouts ofreqie setteetqth&
pt fd




specialization in somo branch of. horticulture. by students apt l"W 7


Hours devoted to tubjeet* includd undir A ordeun~t ,e 0

REQUIRED 13UBJECTS FOR, ALLe STUDENTa IN UQRTtq'



Subjects. units.
1 "*

year, year., yktht b"

Principles of agriculture, ....... $A 2 ,... ....,.,0
Propagation and breeding ...... a 21 ... .
Greenhouse. construction and
management ................. ........ ... 1.
Economic enoooy..m... 4 .o... 4 14A. .L
Plant diseases.......... 215 ... 11 .
Horticultural machinery ....... 4 1.........
Sprays and s raying........... .......
Economics of horticulture... ....... ........ .......
Subjects to be added from-sub-
joined list A ...... .. 1 ........ ........3
Total .................... ........ .. ........ ........
I Lk


A.-SUBJECTS FROM WHICH ELECTION MUST BE MADE TO MAKE UTP THI
720 HOURS IN HORTICULTURE.

Hours Pat week.

Subjects. Fut
Third Fut
year. year.

Pomnology .............. ..... ..... .......... 2 2 e
01ericulture -------- ----------- .....,...... 2 2 5r1
Floriculture... _............ ................... 2 2. 7T-01
Landscaping .... :............................... 1 2, 30tw
Agricultural engineering ....................... .......... 2 f

NOTE.-FrOm these subjects 36 to 180 hours may also be selected as part: of the Alec0iieW,
the course in horticulture, page 7.








ili

now second



.... ... ........ ........ Beaxs
-- --- -- --.. .. .
... .. .. .. .... .. .. 11 720




Addries was given a .secondary course in agricul-
pepredand is given herewith. The two coure "ar
iiia few particular relating to the technical ph- -- of.
'The main difference aises from the substitution of agri-
uture, but there is another difference due to the f act
tois a ~ueh- broader subject than horticulture, In
of, this difference a larger percentage of required work in
moems to be necessary to give the students a general
+of the subject Weore specialization is begun.
a hown by the tables- outlining the subjects included
tiqitreand-agriculture, respectively, in the horticultural
'texe I'm a total of 468 hours of required horticulture and 252
opinlwork in pomology, olericulture, floricultur 'e, land-
iad rural engineering, whfle in the agricultural course there
o!_rsf required agriculture and only 180 hours of optional
a be A fom course in farm crope, animal husbandry.,
Ig hOtieulture, forestry, agricultural engineering, rural eco-
nand plant breeding.
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Drawing.........................
Bookkeeping....................
Civics.............................
Solid geometry.................
Plane trigonometry and surveying.
French or German..... ........
Botany, chemistry, or physics.....
Agriculture horticulture, or ele-
mentary forestry.e


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1bhour 1 ear..........,
.... .do..... ...... ...d..... ,' ;
2 hours 1 year ....... ..
5 hours 'I year........,...
2 hours 2 years......,.....
5 hours 1 year...........
.....do............ .. .
1 to Ahours third andlb
years.


c These are in addition to the 720 hours of required subjects in agriculture and aM:..jii.i
clalization in some branch of agriculture by students not intending to take a ~allege a j

Hours devoted to subjects included under "Agriculture" in the cmw ..

REQUIRED SUBJECTS FOR ALL STUDENTS IN AGRICUt 0U


Hours per weak,


Subjects.


Units.


First
year.


Second Third
year. year.


Fomtb
year.


.5 I--1---- ] I--i--- I-


The plant and its environment..
Farm crops.....................
Agricultural engineering.......
Horticulture and forestry.......
Economic entomology........
Animal husbandry.............
Dairying....................
Diseases of plants and animals.
Farm management .............
Subjects to be added from the
subjoined list A..............
Total.................


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ssWndokw, acretar oil Agricuue.

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