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I HOW TEACHERS IN RURAL ELEMFNTA S RYM-SM
SUSE A SOIL SURVEY.
SPurpose.-This leaflet is intended to suggest to teachers in ele-
mentary rural schools how they may utilize the soil surveys of theiir
counties or sections in connection with the teaching of agriculture.
Every teacher should know the agricultural conditions of the par-
ticular section in which his or her school is located. The soil survey
supplies this information in a very comprehensive manner. Each
rural school should be supplied with one or more copies of the local
S survey that the school instruction in agriculture may be adapted to
S While the suggestions in this leaflet .are somewhat general, with
slight modification they may be adapted to the use of any survey.
Relation to the course of study.-The survey may be used in con-
S nection with the study of such phases of agriculture as soils, crops,
fruits, vegetables, and farm animals; also in suggesting suitable
'4 correlations with such subjects as geography, history, and the like.
:' Agricultural topics.-Soils: (1) Names, areas, and locations of
S soil types (see map); (2) description, development, origin, primal
L use, and present adaptation of each type.
General study questions.-By what color is each soil type indicated
on the map? Study the distribution of soil types as indicated by the
S colors on the map. What are the locations of types with respect to
$i streams? Group the soil in the order of the extent of areas as in-
dicated on the map. What is the name of the soil on which the
school building stands? What soil types are found on the home
farms of the pupils of the class? Which types are most productive?
SWhat types are mainly in timber? In native grass? On what soils
are there most wagon roads? On what soils are the roads in best
S condition? On what soils do roads get in bad condition in wet
weather ? Why ? On what soils are roads most dusty in dry weather?
Qn ,what soils are roads most stony? Most hilly ? On what soils are
i there the largest and best farm houses and buildings? On what soils
farmers use a great deal of machinery? Where do they do dairy
rnng? Corn farming? Grain farming? Cotton farming?
farming? Orcharding? Trucking? Livestock? Other crops?
:iWhere are churches and schoolhouses best and most numerous?
at types of soils sell at the highest price? Are differences in
II I 111 IIYI IIII Illl IIIlll RIUl llI i
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price in prgp6tf6r4p yield of rops *
the price of Yand?
Studies with orop sthe afield, oh
the order of their import asi a. related to each
methods of tiil prartidn, ettiization, ahd cul
played in connee Weth 4ecv of the crops grown?
of each of thje Jp04ing crops fre grown most successful
the principal cro rotations'p noticed on' each soil type. :
Studies with farm aYWhat opportunities are
the growing of live stock f what extent is each soil tp
to the production of perfni t pastures? I Forage crops .
as to importance, tbese industries: Beef cattle, dairying, heow
poultry. What are the principal grasses used for per~ma ..t P
tures? What are the principal hay and soiling crops ..Wh'
the leading beef breed Dairy breed ? What are the leadingtf
of hogs? What is the principal hindrance to thedevelo
the beef cattle industry? Dairying? Poultry? Swine pr'
Ceography.-The soil map should be carefully studied with i
erence to boundaries, directions, roads, railroads, villages,'
elevation, and the like. Study the scale as it applies to the map
practice the pupils in determining and verifying distances on
map by use of the scale. The upper edge of the map indicates n
When observations are made on the map it should take the p
direction. If there is no compass in the building, select an o
such as a crossroad, church, or house that can be seen from the s
building and place the map so that the -direction from the 'h
building to the object as it appears on the map is in line with tb
object selected as seen from the building. :
Study quetions.-What is the title of the map? What is thi:
meaning of the scale? Draw the schoolroom to the same scale. Draz
160 acres of land to the same scale. Locate the schoolhouse on the.is
map. Find the distance from the schoolhouse to the principal points 'i-
in the aiea surveyed. What is the length of the area surveyed? The :I T
width ? What symbols are used to indicate houses, cities, roads, rail-
ways, lakes, bridges? Locate known points on the map. Compare .
the scale of the soil map to those of other maps.
What is the mean annual temperature of the area surveyed? Whatt, .
is the average date of the last killing frost in the spring? Tme first
in the fall.? What is the annual rainfall
History.-By whom was the county or section settldedj. o
what date were first permanent settlements made9 Give a
of the railroad development; of the building of roads; f 4 I. S :'h'e
velopment of rural free delivery routes; of telephone line$; f. '
SC.H. H. TL ,
Chief SpeWialit in Agricultural EUWs
MARCH 1, 1917.
WA8HIHON9MN: GOVERN KENTPjlXX i #IN iW flffl
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