The Jewish Floridian of North Broward

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Material Information

Title:
The Jewish Floridian of North Broward
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
Fred K. Shochet.
Place of Publication:
Miami, Fla

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Fort Lauderdale (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Broward County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Broward -- Ft. Lauderdale

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Oct. 22, 1971)-v. 3, no. 6 (Mar. 22, 1974).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issues for Dec. 17, 1971 called also v.1, no. 4, Sept. 21, 1973 called also v.2, no. 23, and Dec. 14, 1973 called also v.2, no. 28, repeating numbering of previous issues.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 2, no. 1 omitted in numbering of issues and was not published.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statement conflict: Sept. 7, 1973 called no. 22 in masthead and no. 23 in publisher's statement; Nov. 30, 1973 called no. 27 in masthead and no. 28 in publisher's statement.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44572526
lccn - sn 00229547
ocm44572526
System ID:
AA00014313:00053

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Succeeded by:
Jewish Floridian of greater Ft. Lauderdale


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Full Text
wJewish Floiriidlia of AOHTII mtOW.tffll
Vo me 2 Number 24
October 5, 1973
Price 20 cents
Kissinger Confirmation Sparked by Hate Feelings
Seven An- I ,u>
"Plenty of native-born Americans would make a
Secretary of State." This in a flyer by the ex-
treme right-wing Libert) Lobby la the most open in
.<(! hate mail campaign against the confirms-
I ;>;. Henry A. Kissin [or as- Secretary of State.
Tlv statement is a violation (.1 an Anit-rican prin-
ciple that a man I d here by nil merit B
.: ion, race or national background. The I
\ the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
also oppose Kissinf r because be is Jew or a
Zioi
"W have had lots of hate mail." Senate Majority
H igh Scott told Dr. Kissinger.
THIS REACTION was not evident when Dr. Kis-
singer helped negotiate an end to the Vietnam war.
Nor was his foreign birth or Jewish heritage raised
when he traveled the globe to improve United States
relations with the Soviet Union and the People's Re-
public of China.
But his nomination for the highest post ever held
by a Jew in Toe I) S. has brought the bigots out of
the woodwork. There set ms to be a small but sizeable
minoritj who cannot accept the fact that Jew, let
Blone a foreign-born Jew. can be named to such an
important position.
Added to them are the pro Arab groups who see
some sort of "Zionist'" plot now that Dr. Kissi
ill be dealing with the Mideast for the first time.
Some small comfort can be drawn from the fact
that the hate campaign has not reached the type of
widespread vilification that greeted the nomination of
Louis D. Brandeis as the first Jew on the Supiv
Court.
DR. KISSINGER himself summed up the essence
of the matter when he told newsmen that he will con-
duct l" ffl policy "regardless of religion and
national heritage Then is no other country in the
.,n of m und could ever
1,,. ,ffice such as the one to which
I | en no linated. That imposes upon me
\ lilit} which I will pursue in the
national inter-
That statement should settle the issue for people
wrh in the principles upon which this country
was founded.
Slcbert Kelly United Way Chairman Jacobson Named To Address
Robert J. Kelly, president of
Sunrise American National Bank
i.f Fort Lauderdale. has been ap-
t,;nted Division II chairman.
Mojor Firms) for the 1973-74
campaign of the United Way of.
Broward County.
Major firms, division II. encom-
passes commerce, finance and util-
[:> firms. Kelly will direct volun-
I n in achieving company level
payroll deduction pledges among
executives and employees.
A graduate of Fordham Univer-
sity and the Stonier Graduate
School of Banking. Rutgers Uni-
versity, Kelly was active with the
United Fund in Washington, DC.
Kelly is Broward County chair-
man. Explorer Division. South Flor-
ida Council. Boy Scouts of Amer-
ica; treasurer and director of the
Broward County Community Men-
tal Health Board, and a member of
the President's Committee for the
Employment of the Handicapped.
He is also a member of Kiwanis,
Committee of 100. Broward Indus-
trial Board. Sales and Marketing
Executives; Florida Bankers Asso-
ciation; a committee chairman of
the Broward County Bankers As-
sociation and an associate member
of the Board of Realtors.
Blvnia Group Of Hadassah Meeting Features A Skit
\t its opening meeting at Mar
te Jewish Center recently, the
>ma Hadassah Group (president
Mrs. Morton Sellner) scored a
I: ashing success with the produc
lon of a skit showing the Hadas
bth woman as a "woman for all sea
and Hadassah as "a girl's
friend" in "Hadassah Por
raits Blyma Style."
Charlotte Rosenzweig was pro
gram chairman; Mary Wechsler.
lyricist, and Gay Goldy the nar-
rator throughout the skit. Models
included Ruth Tobias. Ann Johnes.
Mollie Gioiosa. Gretchen Winn.
Mollie Rudin. Dorothy Schwartz.
Bertha Handworker. Edith Fine
nd Teddy Krimsky.
The goal of Hadassah. particu-
larly the Hadassah Medical Organ
ization. from its very inception has
truly been a vision anchored to a
deed.
Hadassah nurtures the dream of
bringing peace to the world
through its medical program. It is
dedicated to healing, curing and
research in medicine, using medi
cine as a force for peace."
Documentary Of Hadassah Growth On WIOD Sunday
A 30-minute radio documentary
&pe made by American folk singer,
liter and producer Oscar Brand
hi] be presented by Miami radio
ation WIOD (980 on your dial)
10:30 a.m. Sunday under the
[>nsorship of the North Broward
ipter of Hadassah
The tape, which commemorates
Hadassah's 60th anniversary, will
feature music by well-known com-
posers and actors reviewing world
events and Hadassah history since
1912
A skillful blending of voices and
music depicting events of each im-
portant decade, this cavalcade of
Hadassah's growth, according to
Mrs Fannie Goodman, includes in-
terviews with Claire Bloom. Irving
Caesar. Hoagy Carmichael. Agnes
DcMille. Henry' Fonda. Rudolf
Friml. Johnny Mercer and Eugene
Baskin.
Terrorists' Appeal Is Rejected
Opening Histadrut Conclave
Bernard B. Jacobson. acting shop meetings will get under way
executive vice president of the Na- at 10:15 a.m., followed by a lunch-
tional Committee for Labor Israel, eon session.
Jacobson. who is national execu-
tive director of the S5 million Is-
rael Histadrut Campaign, will dis-
cuss plans for the 50th anniversary
celebration of the organization in
the United States. The campaign
here was begun three years after
the organization of the Histadrut
in Israel, he noted.
Formerly director of Histadrut
for Los Angeles and the Western
United States. Jacobson has been
a lifetime leader of the Zionist
Movement and played a key role
in the development of both the
Histadrut Campaign and the Israel
Histadrut Foundation in Califor-
nia.
Moe Levin of Miami Beach, a
member of the National Commit-
tee for Labor Israel board and
chairman of the board of the Israel
Histadrut Council of South Flor-
ida, will serve as conference chair-
man. Irving Gordon. Histadrut
Campaign director of Florida, will
coordinate the conclave.
Levin, president of the Chaim
Weizman branch of the Labor
Zionist Alliance, is national vice
president of the Israel Histadrut
Foundation and a key leader in the
UJA and Israel Bonds campaigns
within the Labor Zionist Move-
ment.
BiKNAKD B. JACOBSON
will be a guest speaker at the an-
uai opening conference of the
Israel Histadrut Campaign in
South Florida.
He will share the platform with
Vaakov Morris, press counselor to
the permanent Israel Mission to
the United Nations, at the Fon-
tainebleau Hotel Oct. 14. Work-
JERUSALEM (JTA) The
Supreme Court has rejected.
time being and on proce
rounds, an appeal by U n
rori ts captured in an Is
I r.ud into Lebanon last Scp-
I : who are being tried by an
j militarj irbunal.
The ten. in appeals filed through
Margate Center
Plans Services
Kol Nidre services will be held
It Margate Jewish Center Pride)
i IS p m. Yom Kippur services
begifl Saturday at 8 am.
Because all seats for the High
! ) Days had been assigned, tern
:.i authorities have planned spe-
cial Yizkor memorial services on
Jhe Day of Atonement so that non
l;eket holders may attend.
'arking is now avnilable on land
Adjacent to the center, which was
ecently paved for the purpose.
their defense lawyers, claimed that
the tribunal was not competent to
try them, that they were brought
to Israel against their wills and
that their trial is a contravention
of int' national law.
IN REJECTING their appeal, a
three judge panel of the Supreme
Court held that the accused must
exhau.-t the proceedings within the
militarj tribunal before they can
appeal "to the highest civilian court
in the land.
The terrorists, who claim to be
citizens of Iraq. Jordan. Syria, Leb-
anon and Qatar, are on trial for
membership in a terrorist organi-
zation and intent to do harm to
Israel.
The charges were filed against
them under a new Israeli law
which permits Israel to try and
punish anyone for acts aimed
against Israel even if carried out
on foreign soil.
Defense lawyers have argued
that the accused were unaware of
the fact that they were violating
a law when they were recruited
by the Arab terrorist organizations.
Nightingale Speaking At
United Way Kiek-Off Event
Temple Beth Israel Services Scheduled
Rabbi Philip A I-aboviU and
Cantor Maurice A. Ncu will con
duct High Holy Day services this
weekend at Temple Beth Israel.
7100 W Oakland Park Blvd.
Kol Nidre services will begin
at 6:30 p.m. Friday; Yom Kippur
services start at 8 30 a.m. Satur-
day Special children's services are
scheduled to begin at 11:15 a.m.
in the multi-purpose room.
Baby-sitting services will be
available on Kol Nidre eve only;
all children will pray in the multi
purpose room.
Rabbi Labowitz, Cantor Neu. the
temple officers and staff extend
best wishes for a happy and
healthy new year to all temple
members, worshippers and friends.
Earl Nightingale, syndicated
radio-TV broadcaster, whose daily
program. "Our Changing World."
is heard and seen all over the
United Stales and around the
world, will address the 1973 kick-
off dinner of the United Way of
Broward County Wednesday.
The dinner, in the Venetian Ball-
room of Tier 66. will officially
launch the United Ways $1,777
million fund-raising campaign.
Nightingale, called the 'dean of
personal motivation." makes the
study of people his life's work. For
years he has communicated his ob-
servations and conclusions on hu
man behavior through both his
daily radio-TV broadcasts and mo-
tivational recordings broadcast on
1,000 radio and TV stations in all
50 states, eight Canadian provinces,
Mexico. Australia. New Zealand,
the South Pacific and the Carib-
bean, and beamed into 100 other
countries over Radio New York
Worldwide. WNYW.
"This campaign for $1,777 mil-
lion is to*> priority for all citizens."
C, K Livingston, Jr. division man-
ager of Southern Bell who is 1973-
74 campaign chairman for the
I'nitcd Way. stressed "In the area
of human needs, we must assure
that the United Way supported
agencies have sufficient resources
to continue caring for the ever-
increasing numbers of residents
who will contact them for services
in the year ahead."
Tickets for Wednesday's kick-off
dinner mav be reserved by calling
the United Wav office at 1300 S.
Andrews Ave., Fort Lauderdale.


Page 2
+JenitfkrMi>>r
Of North BrowrV
Friday. October 5. I97J
Rosh Hashona Past: How Do You Score on This Quiz?
By RABBI SAMUEL J. FOX
What historical significance
dors the date of Rosh Hashona
have?
According to one opinion (that
of Rabbi Elieier) in the Tannaitic
literature the world was created
on that date. (Talmud Babli
Tractate Rosh Hashona 11a). Ac-
tually this seems to refer to the
end of the creation process, it be-
ins the day that man himself
was created (Pesikta D'Rab Ka-
hanc where the date for the be-
ginning of the creation is given
a 25 days in Elul). The Kabbal-
ists point out that the Hebrew
letters that go into making up
ti.e word "B Reshith" (i.e., in
the Beginning', also make up the
tease "B'Aleph Tishri" (i.e., on
the first day of Tishri V
Sources who point to Rosh Ha-
shona as a day of judgment indi-
cate that the first man (Adam)
1 ;udced and forgiven on this
day. The Kabbalists also assert
that Cain and Abel brought their
sacrifices on the day of Rosh
Hashona (Zohar Chadash. Gen-
esis 4:2). The prayer of the an-
gel] that Sarah shall boar a child
was offered and accepted on the
day of Rosh Hashona which is
considered to be the day she
conceived (Pesikt3 Rabbati 177a).
Some claim the sacrifice of Isaac
took place on Rosh Hashona. Ac-
cording to the Book of Jubilees
(31 3) the patriarch Jacob built
the altar at Beth El on Rosh Ha-
hona The Zohar claims that it
was on the day of Rosh Hashona
that Elisha proDhesied the good
news to the Shunamite woman
that she would have a child
(Zohar Par I, 160b). The day on
which Satan came to prosecute
Job is said to be Rosh Hashona
tTargum. Job 1:6).

Why is it a custom to have
round Challahs to eat on Rosh
Hashona?
*ne "l3;m tint th roundness
of the Challah signifies the uni-
eertality of the day. i.e.. in that
it is a day when all the world is
judged. The form of the circle is
all inclusive, indicating that the
A mighty is the ruler of all the
u- verse.
I \ \
Others claim that the roundness
of the Challah eaten on the day
of Rosh Hashona is a replica of
a crown. It is on Rosh Hashona
that the Jew expresses the dis-
tinct feeling that the Almighty is
the Supreme King of the Uni-
verse. In an allegorical sense the
Jew 'crowns" the Almighty on
the day of Rosh Hashona. Texts
of the liturgy often refer to such
a concept during the prayers of
the day of Rosh Hashona. The
roundness of the Challah thus
becomes a symbol of the crown
indicating the unquestionable
royalty and power of the Almigh-
ty who is the sole judge and also
the sole forgiver for the human
race.

Why does the festival of
Rosh Hashona occur at the be-
ginning of the month while all
the other malor Jewish festi-
val* occur at the middle of the
month?
From a practical standpoint it
is of course most proper that a
festival which signifies the be-
ginning of the year take place
on the first day of a month. It
is rather add to have the be-
ginning of the year in the mid-
dle of the month. The medieval
commentators claim that the Al-
mighty designed Rosh Hashona
to take place at the beginning of
the month as a means of protec-
tion of his people.
When Satan approaches the
Almighty en Rosh Hashona to
complain that His people sinned,
the Almighty tells him 'Bring
witnesses." The classic witness of
the prosecution against the peo-
ple are the sun and moon. Satan
then complains that he can only
find one witness, i.e., the sun,
since the moon is scarcely visible
at the beginning of the month.
Since two witnessses are required
to prosecute human torts and
only one is available. Satan is
left handicapped. By the time
the moon becomes of size, (i.e.,
about the tenth of the month)
and Satan is ready to add the
moon's testimony, the people
have already atoned for their
SCORE Holdin? National Convention
At Carillon Hotel Sept. 30-Oct. 4
The Service Corps of Retired
& i Miami .SCORE) will
i the o 3tion's na-
tional convention convening this
*.. at me can .Ion Hotel.
Sor.'e 500 delegate* and offi-
of ACT1 )\. ti.e Small Bus:
AdBainistratioa and SCORE
I to attend the Sept.
4 conclave, including the
; penal nipeivison represent-
S 'F.E. a volunteer Krrke
..nization made up of retired
executives frcm all walks o.' busi-
ne-s .ife.
kfUaj Btach Mayor Chuck Hall
will be the principal guest speak
er a: the Wednesday night ban-
quet. He trial also present the
k -y> of the city to former presi
dentiai mittM Dr. Michael Bal-
zano. Jr. director of ACTION.
The distinguished guest list
ill include Small Bu-iness Ad-
ni..ii-;rauon administrator Thorn
a- S K,eppe and deputy aamin-
fcfratar Loui F Lam Washing-
ton. D C; reg.cnal director Wiley
S. Matafefc, Atlanta. Ca.; Florida
director Thomas A. But-
ler Miaari; SCORE ACTION dep-
asseciate director Elmer
L.-gf; SCORE nations! chairman
Lte Maxwell of Deiand. and Sen
Harry Cain of Wah:rg:on.
Developed in 1965 during
President Lyndon B Johnsons
administration. SCORE operates
under the federal government in
conjunction with the SBA. and is
part of the ACTION poup
function is to assist, counsel and
adv.se small bu;:ne>> operators
without charge.
There are 200 chapters with
4.500 a n ever\
o:' the
ka and Hawaii E. be
i presented at the convention.
The Dade County I
06 coun-eiors who gave ex-
pert advice to more than 1.000
J boaineeaet Last jrear and ex-
pect to increase that figure to
1.200 in 1973. Nationally, some
175.000 small bu-;ne**men were
tajatad by -he organization.
ALLOUlhDATESACREtL.
ZIPCODE SPEEDS
HOLIDAY MAIL
sin during the ten days of Peni-
tence and Yom Kippur and have
alreadv been forgiven. (Machor
Vitri 373). The other festivals,
especially Passover and Succoth,
take place in the middle of the
month because the fullness of the
moon at that time is a symbol of
blessing and prosperity. Shavuoth
(which takes place on the sixth
of the month, unlike Passover,
which takes place on the fifteenth
of the month) should be consid-
ered as a climax to the Passover
holiday which preceded it. since
its date is always reckoned by
counting off seven weeks after
the beginning of the previous
Passover festival.

What i* the origin of the
Avinu Malkeinu" (Our Father,
our King) prayer which is of-
fered on Rosh Hashona?
TheTalmud (Tractate Ta'anit
25b) relates that Rabbi Akiba
composed the first verse of this
prayer on one occasion of
drought. When he cried out "Our
Father. Our King, we have sinned
before Thee," the heavens open-
ed and the rains came.
Since then many verses have
been added following the ttyhe
of this first verse 'ie, Our
Father, Our King), and these
have been chanted on any day
of trial, tribulation and woe I .
a fast day. etc) Rosh Hashona
and the ten days of penitence
that follow are considered days
of judgment and thus these verses
are recited so that the Almighty
will have compassion on us dur-
ing our hour of need.
The verses towards the end of
thr> prayer have been composed
as late as during the crusades
when there were so many in no
cent victims .-lain among our peo-
ple. We bring this to mind when
we offer these prayers as if to
say. we have indeed already
been punished enough
*
Why do some people refrain
from eating nuts on Rosh Ha-
shona?
Rabbi Moses Isserles traces
this practice to the Maharil. Two
reasons are tnted. First, the nu-
merical equivalence of the let-
ters which go into making up the
Hebrew word for "nut" (egoz)
is equal to that of the letters
which go into making up the
word "sin" (chet). Secondly, it
was feared that the consumption
of nuts would irritate the throat,
causing extra mucus to form and
would create a disturbance dur-
ing services in the synagogue
brought about by so many people
attempting to clear their throats.
Early writers noticed that cer-
tain "nut trees had a tendency to
damage and weaken other trees
that were close by.
Some lexicographer- Mandated
the Latin word for nut
with a verb meaning to damage
fnocere). Even though there are
a number of Talmudic sources
which u>e the symbol of a nut
as one for good and virtue, many
chose to use it as a symbol of
sin to such an extent that some
did not allow nuts to be eaten
after Hoshaoa Raba nhc la.-t day
of the Sukkoth festival, wiiieh is
judgment period).
.
How did the High Holy Days
come to be konwn as "days of
awe" (Yomim Noraim)?
According to Prof Elbogen.
this term was not found until
medieval times Ezra, the scribe,
in biblical times, asked the peo-
ple to refrain from sadness on
Rosh Hashona He called for a
spirit of festivity on that day
iNihemiah 8: 9-12i. In the Mia*
nah. Rosh Hashona is referred to
as the holiday of Rosh Hashona."
The Amoraim spoke of the fact
that a Jew should feel happy and
confident on Rosh Hashona be-
cause he knows the Almight) will
give him every' chance.
In the period of Ganoim. we
find that Rosh Hashona was re
ferred to as a holiday of joy and
that thoae portions of vthrr hM
day liturgies which speak of jc
were also included in the ~
Hashona liturgy (Vehasienu).
the 11th century there arose
difference of opinion in Mainz
to whether this should be so
the 14th century, these passagt
were removed from the liturgy
a rule.
It is quite possible, and .,,
ing to some most certain, that thii
change came about because
the many persecutions suffer
by Jew* especially during t
period of the Crusades To thu
day. the High Holy Days remajj
days of awe. and every Jewt j
the course of his prayers, take
note, in one way or another
the tragedies of his people.

Whv do manv Jew- go u>|
the riverside to offer special
prayers on Rosh Hashona after-1
noon (Tashlich)?
The source of this custom
not dear Some trace t!
the scapegoat sacrifice
Book of Leviticus and >-xpla
that the sins of the people a.,
pa>scd on to the fish I
water-
Others claim that bj prayta
near water where there n '.^
one can sec man as helpless
the fish, who are rendered
t.tute when they are taken
of the water. This is suppt
to teach man to stay within U
confines of his faith and trad
tion. which is his only hope fa
survival.
ethers see in water the _
of the continuity of life. *!
flows through various itagei
even evaporating somet mes .
to the atmosphere and oomin,
down again in the form of rail
The latter, for instance, give* in
fa'th in the doctrine of
mortality of the soul. 0th
the water as a symbol of purity]
since the biblical method of pa"
fying man from impurit> was
immerse him in water or
sprinkle him with some :q.
containing water.
The first
Riverside Chapel
aBroward County
is now open
in Hollywood.
5801 Hollyvwood Boulevard
Telephone 920-1010
RIVERSIDE
MEMORIAL CHAPEL. INC. FUNERAL DIRECTORS
Other Rye'^de ChtpeH ntht
MitmMiw Be*ci ft Lauderdsre Hollywood vets
16480 N E. 19th Avenue, North M.ami Beach 947-at2
19th Street 4 Alton Road. Miami Beach j M1S1
1250 Normandy Drive. Miami Beach JE M15I
Douglas Road at S W. 17th Street. Mam, Jf M1SI
.re/srfe Hv> serve, the Mt York MrfrcooMan Ml with ChafU *
fvhMttn, The Bronu, Brooklyn, far Roc*, ano m Vtmon.
Murray N Rubin F.D.


Friday, October 5. 1973

* knisl rhridirtr *t North Broward
Page 3
IN WAKE OF KISSINGER CONFIRMATION
House Postpones Vote on Mills-Vanik Bill
WASHINGTON (JTA)
The House Ways and Means Com-
mittee postponed its crucial vote
on most favored nation treatment
for the Soviet Union as Congres-
sional sentiment mounted in fa-
vor of the Mills-Vanik Free Emi-
gration Act and its companion
measure in the Senate, the Jack-
son Amendment.
Secretary- of State Dr. Henry
Kissinger, who was scheduled to
testify on the Mills-Vanik meas-
ure before the committee, can-
celled his appearance.
White House Deputy Press Sec-
retary Gerald Warren told the
Jewish Telegraphic Agency that
he "understood" that the com-
mittee had asked Dr. Kissinger
to delay his testimony. He had
been expected to oppose the
Mills-Vanik bill linking MFN sta-
tus to a relaxation of Soviet em-
igration policies.
DR. KISSINGER, meanwhile,
was confirmed for the office of
Secretary' of State. Sen George S.
McGovern (Dem.-S.D.) cast the
sole dissenting vote, saying he
did so '"on grounds of con-
science."
The House committee's post-
ponement of its vote on the Mills-
Vanik measure, at a closed door
meeting, was apparently based
on the reported view of its act-
ing chairman. Rep. Al Ullman
(Dem.-Ore.), that more time was
needed to cool "the emotions" in
Congress toward the Soviet
Union.
The Senate voted to condemn
the Soviet Union for its harsh
treatment of dissident intellect-
uals and demanded that President
Nixon apply pressure during cur-
rent trade and disarmament talks
to end Soviet repression.
THE SENATE acted on a reso-
lution by Sen. Walter Mondale
(Dem.-Minn.) after Sen. Henry
M. Jackson (Dem.-Wash.) read a
letter from Soviet physicist An-
drei Sakharov appealing for pas-
sage of the Jackson Amendment.
Ullman. who is not one of the
original 18 supporters of the
Mills-Vanik bill on the Ways and
Means Committee, asked a delay
on the vote until next week "on
the chance that we can get more
reason interjected into this dis-
cussion."
At present 16 of the 25 com-
mittee members support Mills-
Vanik. Two earlier supporters
Reps. James C. Corman, a Demo-
crat, and Jerry L. Pettis, a Re-
publican, both from California
defected. Dr. Kissinger was ex-
pected to try to sway more sup-
porters from the bill which the
Nixon administration opposes.
MCGOVERN SAID in a state-
ment after the committee voted
that he could not back Dr. Kis-
singer's confirmation in view of
his role in "the needless pro-
longation" of the Indo-China war
and "the tragedy" of the Pakis
tan-Indian war over Bangladesh.
He did not mention Dr. Kis-
singer's opposition to the Jack-
son Mills-Vanik measures over
which they had clashed during
the Foreign Relations Committee
hearings.
Israelis are Far from Millionaires-Sapir
NEW YORK (JTA) "Not
all Israel is Hilton and Sheraton
The millionaire is not the typical
Israeli," Israel's Finance Minister
Pinhas Sapir declared here at a
State of Israel Bonds luncheon giv
en by the National Rabbinic Cabi
net of the Israel Bond Organiza
tion at the Plaza Hotel.
Sapir devoted his remarks to
the urgent financial needs of Is-
rael, stressing the rising cost of ab
sorbing new immigrants from the
Soviet Union and elsewhere, the
urgency of closing the nation's so
cial gap between affluence and pov-'
erty. and the spiralinu cost of de-
fense which he estimated would
cost $10 billion in the next five
years.
URGING THE 40 leaders of the
NRC to Increase their efforts for
Israel in their annual High Holy
Day appeals, Sapir said that it
takes $35,000 to absorb two Soviet
immigrant families in Israel.
"Many doctors come to Israel
from Ruaaia We have to retrain
them in Israeli hospitals. While
they are training we pay them
money." he said. Sapir declared
that only the marginal olim from
Russia went back to Vienna and
suggested that "maybe some of
them were planted by the Rus-
sians
The Finance Minister said the
devaluation of the US dollar was
another factor in Israel's growing
expenses. The purchase of meat
and soya beans by Israel in the
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U.S. has tripled since 1969-70 and
the dollar now buys less, he said.
He also noted that the price of
U.S. Phantom and Skyhawk jets
boughl by Israel has doubled since
the first purchase of the planes
were made. "Israel produces some
planes too and this costs us a great
deal as well," he stated.
SAPIR REFERRED to his coun
try's efforts to close the social gap
that has become increasingly vis-
ible in recent years. "The problem
of integration is sharper now than
any time in the past," he said.
The Black Panthers and others
come and demand the same things
that new immigrants get. We have
to solve this problem and it costs
a lot."
Sapir's reference to millionaires
came during a question and an-
swer session when one rabbi asked
him to explain why a country like
Israel which has been described
U an affluent society in American
i.ews media continually needs more
money.
The reference was to a recent
New York Times story' from Jeru-
salem which described luxurious
living by Israel's wealthier set.
Sapir said the rich in Israel are
those who came with money and
that it took only S250.000 to be a
'millionaire" in Israel. While there
are wealthy Israelis. Israel is also
Hatikva (a Tel Aviv slum) and
high income tax, he said.
TO III U8TBATB how hard
pressed the Israeli taxpayer is.
Sapir observed that he himself
paid S207 in income tax last month
out of a gross salary of $725.
Rabbi Leon Kroniafa, the NRC
A Happy New Year To All .
Adams and Bass
one of the
LARGEST SELECTION
OF USED CARS
AND TRUCKS
IN
BROWARD COUNTY
2600 W.Broward Blvd.
chairman, said that the NRC sold
S28 million in bonds in last year's
appeal. He said the goal this year
was $34 million. The NRC is con-
tacting some 800 congregations
around the country to join in the
High Holiday Bond drive.
The slogan of the appeal is "Jobs
Mean Life." A bond purchase of
519.000 equals one job for a new
immigrant in Israel, Rabbi Kronish
said.
Labor Party
'Shocked" By
Chilean Coup
TEL AVIV (JTA) The
Israeli Labor Party expressed sor-
row and shock over the military
coup in Chile and the death, ap-
parently by suicide, of President
Salvador Allende Gossens.
The message was cabled by
Labor Party Secretary General
Aharon Yadlin to the chairman of
the Socialist International in Vi-
enna, and to the representative of
ttie Chilean Radical Party at the
International, which had been part
of President Allende's left-wing
coalition.
FOREIGN MINISTER Abba
Eban said at Sunday's Cabinet
meeting that the Foreign Ministry
is waiting for more detailed infor-
mation on events in Chile from
the Israeli Embassy in Santiago.
The Foreign Ministry received
its first communication from the
Chilean military junta Monday
stating that it was now the legtl
government of Chile.
Meanwhile the Chilean Ambas-
sador. Carlos Diemer. informed the
Foreign Ministry that he has
appointed the Chilean Consul, Ju-
lio Barrenechea, as interim
charge d'affaires.
DIEMER HAD been ordered
earlier by the military junta in
Santiago to hand over his duties
to Barrenechea but had declined
to do so at first.
The new Israeli left-wing fac-
tion, Moked, urged the govern-
ment over the weekend not to
recognize the military regime in
Santiago.
New Schedule For TSS Mardi Gras
Carnival Cruise Lines has an-
nounced a new schedule for the
TSS Mardi Oras that will enable
passengers to overnlgtit m each
port, effective Dec. 15.
"The new destinations will be
San Juan. St. Thomas, and Nas-
sau, and the schedule is designed
to give passengers the maximum
time in the Caribbean's three
most popular ports,"' said Robert
P. Connen, senior vice president.
Under the new 7-day cruise
itinerary, with departure fiom
Miami each Saturday at 3 p.m.,
passengers will be able to spend
almos ta complete day in each
port, with embarkation and de-
barkation scheduled so that they
can participate in both day and
night activities.
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Page 4
*kn>fkr**LL?^Z
Friday. October 5
wJewish Meridian
OF NORTH BROWARD
OFFICE and PLANT 120 N.E. 6th St.. Miami, Fla. S31S2
I>hone 37! r*>l
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Editor and Publisher Executive Edltoi Assistant to Publisher
I For the Jewish Federation of North Broward ___
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1 *e Jewish Florldian ha* absorbs* ths Jewish Unity and tha Jawish Weekly.
Member of the wish Telegraphic Aoeney. Seven Arts Feature Syndi-
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SUBSCRIPTION RATES: (Local Area) One Year $4.00. Out of Town Upon
Request.
9 TISHRI 5734
Number 24
Friday. October 5. 1973
Volume 2
Our Yom Kippur Prayers
Kol Nidre will be chanted in Greater Miami and
throughout the world at sundown tonight. This be-
gins the awesome Yom Kippur observance all day
Saturday.
Yom Kippur is a fast day during which our fate
in the Book of Life for the New Year is sealed. "Who
shall live?" we ask. "Who shall die?"
Men, women and children of all ages unite in
reciting their wrongs committed during the outgoing
year. As one people, we accept not only our own
transgressions but those of our brothers as our own.
And we offer up a plea for the divine acceptance
of our repentance.
In this sense, the Day of Atonement is also a
Day of At-One-ment. We are not only reconciled with
ourselves. We are also reconciled with our people.
And with God.
May our prayers be answered.
An Issue of International Morality
Israel's position on the entry of East Germany into
the United Nations recalls a moment in history the world
would prefer to forget.
Not only is East Germany another Soviet vote at the
UN in the guise of an independent government, but it is
a government that has refused to recognize the responsi-
bility of its dreadful role during the Hitler period.
Compounding this is the' apparently cavalier way in
which East Germany is approaching Arab terrorism.
Israel's envoy to the UN. Yosef Tekoah, described it
most accurately when he charged the East Germans with
"giving support and practical assistance to the campaign
of violence and murder waged against Israel, and the
Jewish people by Arab terror organizations."
But Arab terrorism engulfs more than Israel and the
Jews generally. It shows the kind of indifference to stand-
ards of civilization that the world showed the murdered
athletes and that the world cannot shrug off guite so
readily.
And so the Israeli vote at the United Nations, while
no one ever anticipated it would block East German mem-
bership, at least raised an issue of international morality
that the UN too often sidesteps.
Dr. Kissinger: A Mixed Blessing
The mixed blessing of Henry Kissinger as secretary
of state was clear within hours of his being sworn in.
First, Dr Kissinger let it be known that he will be press-
ing the issue of the Soviet Union as a 'Most Favored Na-
tion." This means that he is already on record as betray-
ing Jews in the Soviet Union whose sacrifices are monu-
mental as they seek ways of emigrating from that most
unfavored land of oppression.
In turn, this means that he will be relentlessly pursuing
the administration's unalterable opposition to the Jackson
Amendment.
You have only to read the statements of such notables
as Andrei Sakharov and Alexander Solzhenytsin to see
how the demise of the Jackson Amendment can very well
mean the demise of the spark of human freedom their
countrymen seem increasingly to be nurturing.
Second, Dr. Kissinger's address before the United
Nations on Monday inspired an Arab boycott of his plea
for justice in the Middle East on the basis that Dr. Kissinger
can't be for justice there or anywhere else because, if one
is to read the Arabs rightly, he is a Jew and therefore a
Zionist.
None of which can bode well either for American for-
eign policy during the years ahead for the American Jew-
ish community, whose struggle in the cause of the very
justice Dr. Kissinger talked about at the UN is so ironic-
ally being betrayed by his new position of power.
Politics of the Energy Crisis
By JOSEPH ALSOP
WASHINGTON On Tuesday
last, the now Israeli ambassador
quietlv flew to Tel Aviv to con-
sult with his government. His mo-
tive was simple. The extreme y
shrewd Simcha Dinitz is deeply
worried bv the grisly politics of
the American energy problem
and so are the Israeli leaders.
In the present feckless climate,
it will be well to show why the
energy problem has become so
much more worrying, and so sud-
denly, before getting on with the
politics inherent in it. In brief,
all the optimists about energ)
have been basing all their hopes
on large annual increases in I S.
imports of oil from the Middle
East. Above all. Saudi Arabia,
with the great pool to tap. was
relied on to increase its output
at the rate of 25 per cent annum.
A THRILL of horror went
through the U.S. government and
the oil industry when King Faisal
of Saudi Arabia announced that
his country's output would not
be increased by a single barrel of
crude. He would only think about
increasing output, King Faisal
added, when the United States
and its allies had forced Israel
to give the Arabs all they have
so long demanded.
The optimists about energy
uniformly wrong to date, please
remember are now muttering
that Kip~ Faisal does not mean
a word he says. The people wht
have been right about the energy
problem are convinced in con
trast. that King Faisal means ev-
ery word of it
This glum conviction is shared
by Israeli intelligence. There tl
no incentive for the Saudi Arab-
ians to go above the present level
of about 85 million barrels of
crude per day. The vast resulting
dollar revenue is all and more
than all they can spend.
THE SHAH of Iran further
cannot cover more than a small
share of the deficit that must re-
sult from King Faisal's hold-
down .->rder. Consequently, the
outlook is for a rather severe. In-
definitely prolonged energy
shortage, with devil-lake-the-hind-
most competition among the user
nations, including Japan and most
of the Western Europeans.
The fuel oil rationing the Presi-
dent is already talking about for
next winter can easily merge in
to gasoline rationing next sum-
mer. And so it will go.
In this situation, finally. Prcsi
dent Nixon's program for solving
the energy problem was never
much more than a collection of
band-aids to be pasted over a
cancer. Yet the Congress will not
even touch several of the most
vital aspects of the Nixon band-
aid program, such as the deregu-
lation of natural gas prices to
stimulate larger output.
THE GREAT vogue long en-
joyed by the environmentalists is
the root cause of this congres
sional imobility. This will enable
President Nixon to say. later on.
that his band-aid program might
have done the trick if it had not
been for Congress Anyway the
end of the environmentalist vogue
can of course be easily predicted
the moment fuel oil and gasoline
begin to be rationed.
But recognition of this coun-
try's need to produce every bit
of energy we- can get from our
own resources is no more than
the beginning of the energy prob-
lem's ugly politics Consider King
Faisals demand. Then consider
the response we have already
seen in th" form of a letter to
his stockholders from Otto Miller,
chairman of the board of the
Standard Oil Co. of California.
MILLER SAID, in effect, that
this country ought to pay just
about any political price the
Arabs might demand, at Israel s
cost, naturally, in order to main
tain the needed flow of Arab oil.
It was a wonderfully plain argu-
atent. not unconnected with the
fact that the vast majority of
California Standards reserves of'
crude are to be found in Saudi
The natural result of Millers
Utter was a storm of protest
from the American Jewish com
munitv The storm frightened the
big oil" companies, and silence has
during and dependable One ma
as well be blunt about the pu
now fallen. But anyone with
particle of political common1
sense can easily see that this
lence is not likely to prove <
Continued on Vge 9.
' jTmO ? .
Max Leraer
Sees It
WASHINGTON What stands out in the army coup in Chile,
and the suicide of President Salvador Allende. is the stark trag-
edy of it Even at best, military takeovers arc uncreative short-
cuts to the playing out of history, and this one goes against the
Chilean tradition of an unpolitical officer corps, and subtracts
another from the dwindling number of nonmilitary South Amer-
ican regimes.
Allende "s personal tragedy gives poignancy to the whole ill-
fated adventure of his regime I ntil there is evidence the other
way. W must accept the suicide version of his death. It adds
another contradiction to a biography that was full of contradic-
tions.
HE WAS 1 Marxist doomed to try' the impossible experiment
of building a Socialist dictatorship heaven out of Chilean middle-
class constitutional earth He was a doctor who got into the deep
waters of class-struggle politics far over his head; a decent, hu-
manistic man whom the zealots of his own party used rnthleastj
and whom they destroyed by their excaosjea
He was a man who believed in combat, yet when he suffered
the defeat of his hopes, he chose to snuff out his life the act
of a man who couldn't stand to face the collapse of the structure
of his striving. There was an added symbolism in his shooting
himself (as the report goes) with the automatic rifle which was
a gift from Fidel Castro: The revolution devours its children.
As for the Allende regime, we shall be arguing for years to
come about who and what -- killed Cock Robin. The blunders
of nationalizaUon. for one. since the takeover of land and mining
and factories didn't increase production hut slowed it down.
THE PARALYSIS of transport, for another, which in turn
went back to the well based fear of small truck owners that the
state would gobble them up. Also the incompetence of Allende
and his economic technicians for not understanding that eco-
nomiCS is two third* psychology, and that if you announce before-
hand that Chile is in transition to a 'Socialist'" society the
vators wont cultivate their crops, the truckers won't transport
them, the middlemen and merchants won't function.
The resulting food shortage! and runaway inflation br
out a regiment of women Into the streets and a regime attacked
by striking women inevitably re enacts I.\-istrata "
But there were other forces which more crucially I
Cock Robin: the fear of parents for their children and lh fear
of the militar) officer* for their independence and stjrvh
wen rul fears In Marxist thinking, a "transition
has ire the children and has either to capture 01
ize the THE MOVE to reorganise the schools seemed to mean
them for Marxist orientation, which alarmed the parents
the church against th. md remember that th.
in Chile has been resaarkabl) liberal and social minded
And the officers'' They started by wanting to keep C I
tradition of a non-political militarv elite But wisely or u
they found themselves caught up in the regime's problem-
soon diSfyvered that the social tensions were splitting their
pro- and anti Allende mgmnilla
The) were alarmed by the formation of revolutionan fac-
tory militia cadres l>> some of the more militant groups of So-
cialists Inevitably there were efforts to infiltrate the armed
forces and inevitablv the conservative officers reacted to
their power.
Allende was caueht between the conservative military and
his own party militants and satisfied neither In the end. the top
officers felt that unless they acted to doom the Allende regime
he would in time doom them.
THERE IS a tragic quality in the chain reaction of t
events The first liberal response in America and Europe
will be to blame the military for breaking the constitutional fab-
ric. But in one sense the social fabric had already been br
bj the effort to transform the society against the wishes of
of its people.
What makes the whole thing worse is that the coup and lbs
repression to come will not solve Chile's problems and will r\c*
even brin^ the stability it aimed at The society which wouldn't
tolerate Allende s efforts at revolution will not easily accept s
system of repression either.
Write it down to what happens when a nation starts out on s
romantic adventure into a fuzzy "revolutionary" future, and *
the liberals and conservatives who should have known bettet
fail to unite to prevent it That is the Allende story. If we think
hard enough we may find that in some ways the story is about
us, too.


?riday, October 5, 1973

- IhW>lhrkttrtr Of North Broward
Page 5
CONSERVATIVE MOVE MENT STIRS PASSIONS
Minyaii Equality is Hornet's Nest
Prof. Ephraim Kalzir with his hand on the Bible, takes
the oath of office as fourth President of the Stale of Israel,
administered to him by Israel Yeshayahu, Speaker of the
Knesset. Prof. Katzir, a world-famous biochemist, one of the
leading scientists at the Weizmann Institute, is the second
Prer.ident of Israel to have been drawn from the realm of
sr.er.ce. Israel's first President, Dr. Chaim Weizmar.n, was
also a chemist of great distinction.
IMMIGRATION TOP PRIORITY
Year ill Israel Opened
With Murder at Munich
By GEOFFREY WIGOOER
"MB YEAR opened under the
' shadow of the Munich trag-
edy The horror of that Septem-
ber day awakened a sudden up-
surge of identification comparable
with that preceding the Six-Day
War. Throughout the subsequent
year, the most spectacular de-
velopments in th<> Arab-Israel
conflict involved terror and coun-
ter-terror in various parts of the
world.
In itself, this constituted a
tribute to Israel's handling of the
security situation within its own
borders, but it had the effect on
occasions of bringing the conflict
uncomfortably home to Jews else-
where in the world. The most
vivid expression occurred with
the despatch of letter bombs to
people with Jewish names ap-
parently selected at random from
the telephone book.
THIS CAUSED a passing scare
but suddenly brought Jews out-
side Israel "into the front line."
The other major incident that
made a sharp, if brief, impact was
the shooting down of the Libyan
plane. The strength of the im-
mediate world reaction, even
among circles usually amicably
disposed towards Israel, came as
a surprise (although some coun-
tercharges of "latent anti-Semit-
ism" were unfounded and ill-
wise) and caused a moment of
perplexity among certain Jewish
circles.
Outside Israel, the main con-
cern was again with the Jews of
the Soviet Union. The basic fact
here is that the miracle" emigra-
tion continued throughout the
year and another 30.000-35.000
Jews left Russia for Israel. Jews
throughout the world have re-
mained on the aJert and have
worked for the freest possible
emigration of those Jews who
wish to leave.
Their activities during the past
year concentrated on the aboli-
tion of the diploma tax and inter-
ventions on behalf of individuals
who were not allowed to leave
(and in some instances were im-
prisoned). The fate of the ran-
som tax was a striking victory for
Jewish action. The USSR de-
manded that emigrants with an
academic background should re-
fund the state for their education
before being allowed to leave.
The high assessment of this sum
made it prohibitive for most ;
academics. News of the tax
evoked worldwide protest.
REPORTS FROM Russia spoke
of its being softened, then hard-
ened, then ratified by the Su-
preme Soviet. The protest move-
ment maintained that the tax, in
effect, amounted to a ransoman
unthinkable demand in modern
society. The opposition was most
influential and effective in the
U.S. because the U.S.-Russian
rapprochment and especially the
Russian need for an economic
agreement made the U.S.S.R. par-
ticularly vulnerable. American
Jews made great efforts to obtain
Congressional backing and proved
so successful that the issue
threatened the ratification of
trade agreements with Russia.
Top American advisers, such as
Treasury Secretary Schultz and j
Presidential Adviser Kissinger
made representations in Moscow I
on the subject. The Kremlin lead-,
er had to give in and while, to I
save face, the tax remained on I
the statute books, it was in fact I
shelved. Later in the year there
were even indications that a
proposed new citizenship law in
Russia may lead to a general im-1
provement in the Soviet Union's
policy on Jewish emigration.
The climax of activity on be-
half of Russian Jewry preceded
Brezhnev's visit to the U.S. The
possibility of a hostile reception
contributed to moving the Rus-:
sian leadership to make conces-
aim on the subject of Jewish \
emigration and the climate
cleared considerably. This en-
abled American Jewish leaders to '
dissuade American Jewry from
holding sizeable demonstrations ,
during the Brezhnev visitto the
undoubted relief of the U.S. ad-
ministration.
EARLIER L\ the year, the
political proclivities of U.S. Jewry
had been very much in the news
around the time of the Presi
Continued on Ps*e 8
Bv RKN G4FI.OR
JTA Staff Writer
NEW YCRK (JTA) The
latest move bj American Con-
servative Judaism to implement
ii stated religious phi
reint'-rpreting halacha to re
to changirtf societal ami personal
needs has evoked an outpouring
of criticism from rabbinical and
lay spokesmen for Orthodox or-
ganizations.
By a majority vote the Con-
servative movement's rabbinical
Committee on Jewish Law and
Standards voted to include wom-
en as equals with men in the min-
yan. Under the committee's pro-
cedurei, it was left to the indi-
vidual Conservative rabbi to ap-
ply it in his conmcKation.
Rabbi Wolfe Kidman executive
vicfl president of the Rabbinical
Assembly, the association of Con-
servative rabbis, predicted the
practice would become standard
in Conservative congregations
within the next two decades.
THE BASIC point of the Or-
thodox criticism was that the
change was a violation of halacha.
Amons the critics were Rabbi
Louis Bernstein, president of the
Rabbinical Council of America.
Rabbi David Hollander, president
of th- Rabbinical Alliance, and
l!aKV>i Moshe Shen r, executive
Unt of Agudath Israel of
Amei
Rabbi Norman Lamm of the
\\ Center of New York, a
rrofessor of Jewish philosophy at
Ye-luva University, expressed the
Orthodox view, in a stat-ment to
the Jewish Telegraphic Agency,
that women are exempt from
many requirements obligatory to
man.
He added that "voluntary- as-
sumption" by a woman of a non-
obligatory responsibility "does
not transform the act into one of
halachic obligation., and a wom-
an so doing therefore "cannot be
counted as part of a minyan."
IN ALL the uproar, two rele-
vant issues were generally ig-
nored. One was whether Jewish
women regarding themselves as
I' and by halacha generally ac-
cepted the halachic definition of
their status or whether there was
significant and informed dissent
aino..^ -.!i nom< :i u Ith a I
framework of halacha. The other
was whether then' \ is any threat
to the unity of the Jewish com-
munity. Klal arising from
disputes within religious Jewry
of such apparent ferocity.
There are Jewish women who
accept the halacha as binding but
contend it has been adapted to
changing conditions in the past
and can be adapted in the pres-
ent to end what they consider
their second class status. A num-
ber of such women, identifying
themselves as both Orthodox and
Conservative, formed an organi-
zation called Ezrat Nashim to
press the rabbinate for such
changes.
In March, 1972. severe! Ezrat
Nashim members, speaking at ;i
session of a Rabbinical Assembly
convention, listed the changes in
halacha they considered neces-
sary, starting with acceptance as
members of the minyan. Others
included permission to function
a- cantors and rabbis in the syna-
gogue and to be considered as
bound to perform all command-
ments equally with men.
A YOUNG wife or an Orthodox
rabbi, who is not a member of
Ezrat Nashim but in sympathy
with its lioals. told 'he JTA she
supported the Conservative rulina
and hoped that Orthodox Juda-
ism would eventually move in
that direction. Mrs. Blu Green-
berg, wife of Rabbi Yitzhak
Greenberg. contended that wom-
en did have a secondary role and
that there was "nothing inherent"
in halacha mandating such a role.
Mrs. Greenberg, who teaches
religious studies at the College
of Mount Saint Vincent, suggest-
ed that one barrier to needed
changes was that possibly a ma-
jority of Orthodox women ac-
cepted the arguments of male
expounders of the tradition that
WdfrJen v .i. in effl it i jual but
Sh that
Jurl would und a tre-
mendous men
received "full equality" with men
in Jem ish Law.
COOPERATIVE IF FORT be-
tween the three win-- of Amer-
ican un has ii -en
in effect for years, particularly
in such a i- the S\
Council of America, the New
York Board of Rabbis and simi-
lar local rabbinical boards
throughout 'he United State-
The JTA asked Rabbi Kelman
and a Reform rabbinical spokes-
man whether the denunciations
from Orthodox spokesmen of the
minyan ruling, particularly re-
newal of demands that the Rab-
binical Council and the Union of
Orthodox Jewish Congregations
of America wit In! raw from the
Synagogue Council of America
made again by the Agudath Is-
rael might have a dam32in2 ef-
fect on existing patterns of Jew-
ish religious cooperation.
Rabbi J iseph Glaser, executive
vice president of th" Central Con-
ference of American Rabbi* I Re-
form!, responded that the dis-
pute, sparked by "the new mili-
tancy ot the heretofore moderate
and reasonable Rabbini al Coun-
cil." posed th" threat of a "kul-
tut'kampr" in Jewish religi ius
life and cou'd jeopardize.the re-
ligious community's hard won
unity.
Rabbi Kelman did not share
such fears. He said there had
been two crouDs in American
Orthodovv for the pat 20 years,
the "militant separatists" and the
"cooperators." He said the latest
Orthodox reaction represented a
development which was neither
new nor unpredictable and that it
would make "absolutely no dif-
ference" in existing cooperative
efforts. He asserted the Orthodox
militants would remain militants
and that the cooperators would
continue to cooperate.
Shun Anti-Semitism. Chile Told
By Special Report
NEW YORK The American
Jewish Committee has called up-
on the new government of Chile
to "be alert to any signs or acts
of anti-Semitism" in the wake of
the overthrow of the Allende gov-
ernment, and "to be prepared to
uphold Chile's proud record as a
democratic nation by taking ap-
propriate action against those
who would attempt to promote
anti-Semitism within its borders."
In a statement by Elmer L.
Winter, AJC national president,
the organization pointed to the
fact that "disturbing evidence of
growing anti-Semitism appeared
in the press and among certain
elements in Chilean society" in
the period preceding Tuesday's
coup.
LAST MONTH, Winter stated,
"La Prensa. a newspaper pub-
lished in Santiago by members
of the opposition Christian Dem-
ocratic party, printed an article
headed Chile, Jewish Commu-
nism; Russia, anti-Jewish Com-
munism.' which was strongly
anti-Semitic. La Segunda. a mod-
erate Santiago newspaper, pub-
lished a virulently anti-Semitic
letter, ostensibly criticizing the
inefficiency of several Jewish of-
ficials. The Movemiento Patria y
Libertad (Homeland and Free-
dom Movement), a neo-facist,
rightist group, made anti-Semitic
statements."
There has been a disturbing
tendency, Winter continued, "to
make Jews in public office
and. by extension, the Chilean
Jewish community the scape-
goats for Chile's economic and
political ills." There were approx-
imately 150 Jews, most of them
technicians and professionals, in
various positions in the Allende
government, he added.
Winter also attributed this
relatively new phenomenon of an
emerging anti-Semitism in Chile
to the fact that the Arab League,
which was permitted to open a
regional office for Latin America
in Santiago in 1972. had launched
a "vigorous and widespread anti-
Israel and anti-Jewish campaign,
which is believed to have in-
cluded acts of violence against
major Jewish institutions."
WINTER WARNED that "ap-j
parently, elements among those
who opposed the Allende admin-
istration have been making Jews
in public office and, by exten-
sion, the Chilean Jewish commu-
nity the scapegoats for Chile's
economic and political ills. Some
150 Jews, most of them technic-
ians and professionals, served in
various capacities in different
branches of the government. Ef-
forts to foment anti-Semitism
have also been carried on by
New Left groups hostile to Is-
rael, often in concert with the
Arab League.
"Since the Arab League was
permitted to establish a regional
office for Latin America in San-
tiago in 1972, it has carried on a ,
vigorous and widespread and
anti-Israel and anti-Jewish cam-
paign, which is believed to have
included acts of violence against
major Jewish institutions."
Habonim Condemns
Election Platform
Of Labor Party
I
NEW YORK (JTA) Ichud
Habonim of North America at its
31st national convention has voted
to condemn the Labor Party elec-
tion platform for the occupied ter-
ritories. The text of the resolu-
tion reads:
"Habonim condemns the Labor
Party election platform for the
occupied territories as abhorrent
and antithetical to the aims and
spirit of Socialist-Zionism as un-
derstood by Chevrei Habonim in
North America."
THE CONVENTION also called
upon the Israeli government 'to
end civilian settlement in all areas
where the local civilians are not
allowed full Israeli citizenship,"
and to recognize the Palestinians
"as a national entity." with the
right to self-determination.
Habonim. the affiliate of Mapai's
(majority faction of the Labor
Party) kibbutz movement Ichud
Hakvotzot Vehakibuttzim sup-
plies the Ichud with settlement
groups from its membership.
Habonim voted "to forbid Ha-
bonim support or sponsorship of
any projects (kibbutzim, etc.) in
these areas and to sever all present
associations with settlements in the
occupied territories."



Page 6
*f North Brow.rd ftjMf* HcrMtar
Friday. October 5
A STUDENT V/EWS HfA JfW/SH IDENTITY
Culture Shock Felt at Cornell University
By BEN GVLLOB
SOMETHING resembling cul-
** ture shock has been reported
by a Jewish high school graduate
from a small town in California
in her first few months as a
freshman at Cornell University
in Ithaca, NY. For Merle Axel-
rad, the fact that there were
more Jews in her Cornell dormi-
tory than in all four grades of
her high school proved to be
a "definite shock to a girl from a
Reform temple in San Jose."
Mrs. Axelrad described her im-
pressions, many of them clearly
negative, of Jewish life in a col-
lege community swarming with
Jewish students, in the Jewish
Community Nous, the official
publication of the Jewish I-Yd-r.i-
i n of San Joso. a town with a
Jewish population <>f 7,000. She
offered 10 cm-tic comni
about "Jewish American Prin-
ces >" and 'Now York Jews,"
who let her know they considered
them Jews."
SHE R1PORTED she had im
mediately become aware of the
huge Jewish student population
when she arrived at Cornell, not
through Hillel. or a local syna
gogue "or any other type of Jew
ish establishment"' but simply "b>
looking around myself."
She stressed that she did not
mean to give the impression that
her fellow students '"looked Jew
ish'" but rather that "it was
through the Stars of David and
the Chais that seemed to be hang
ing around the necks of every-
one I saw."'
She commented that she felt
that she had seen "more Jewish
paraphernalia in my three
months at Cornell than I saw in
all my 18 years in San Jose, in-
cluding the jewelry parade at
temple and Sunday school."
Another "constant reminder-
was her Jewish roommate. She
wrote that considering that most
Jews living in Cornell dormi-
tories "have Jewish roommates
not on request, this is in itself
an interesting coindicence.' Her
roommate, moreover, was one
"who keeps kosher at home in
Boston and who has been a coun
selor at a Jewish summer camp
for three years "
HER SECOND "Jewish experi-
ence." after the novelty of the
omnipresent Stars of David and
Chai pins wore off. occurred
about five days before Rosh Ha
shona. She had decided to sur-
prise her roommate by bringing
bread and honey with which both
could welcome the New Year Rut
when she went to the local groc-
ery store. ~he found the >t
rally clean.1 out"
of honey by other Jewish stu-
dents, a similar experience oc-
curred In connection with Chan-
lie bou lit bag
of chocolate "Chanuka celt'' avail-
able in Ithaca.
Mrs. Axelrad also reported that
during the time between the two
holidays she gradually learned to
recognize and know 'a breed of
Jews separate and distinct from
those 1 had known in San Jose,"
a group she said had been la-
beled ""New York Jews." She ex-
plained that the quotation marks
were "very important" and that,
by that description, she meant
that most of the New York Jews
seemed to be "of the Conserva-
tive sect,*' all very' active in syn
agogue youth groups at home
and all who had "either lived on
a kibbutz for a summer or plan
ned to do so."
She said she had gained the im-
pression that for such "New York
Jews" a pilgrimage to Israel "is
almost a requirement." She also
remarked that such Jews were
concerned about material things.
adding that "more than once 1
was quoted prices of Chanuka
gifts, usually accompanied by the
statement but money isn't im-
portant to me.'"
She described the "Jewish
American Princesses" as prob-
ably the most interesting to ob-
serve" among the new Jewish
types she was meeting on the
campus. She said her dormitory
floor was "blessed with two in
this category."
SHE SAID the two were close
friends and often attended Sab
bath dinner at the campus Jew
i-,h Co-op together. "Always
dreaeed fashionably no worn
levis for these girls their reach
smiles are certain to have eo-t
their families large amounts of
money, a fact they will inform
yon of if given half the eta
She true to form"
th< fact thai one of the "Jewish
Princesses" had spent hei -
ter break "tanning i sun" at a pi'ish t afronl
Concluded Mrs. Axel
Jewiah American Princess" is one
group I could definitely do
out."
She also said that despite the
very different Jewish cultural
religious atmosphere in which
she was involved in Cornell her
own beliefs had not changed
and. "if anything, they are more
finn|y rooted." Bhe described
her personal Jewish outlook as
comprising "a form of humanism
included in which are various
'Jewish traditions." specifically
the importance of education and
family. After talking to a Jew
of my own age. many of whom
consider themselves to be "better
Jews' simply because they speak
Hebrew or have a Star of David
from Israel. I believe even more
strongly in the value of human-
ism."
Soviet Policy Hurts Detente-AJC
By Special Revert
NEW YORK The American
Jewish Congress said here that
Soviet Russia's "cold war emi-
gration policy" was a major ob-
stacle to US -Soviet detente and
urged passage of the Mills-Vanik
Amendment requiring all coun-
tries that benefit from American
trade concessions to permit free
emigration for their citizens.
A resolution adopted by the
organization's policy-making Na-
tional Governing Council stated:
"LIKE MOST Americans, the
American Jewish Congress sup-
ports detente -.it*, the Soviet
Union.
"A major obstacle to that d
tente lies in the Soviet policy of
restricting emigration. Moscow
can most effectively demonstrate
its desire for detente by ending
the harassment, intimidation and
arbitrary denials of exit visas
that constitute a depressing re-
minder of the days of the cold
war.
"We recognize the profound
importance to the entire world
of improved relationships be-
tween the two nuclear super-
powers.
"But those relationships can-
not be improved as long as the;
Soviet Union persists in its cam-
paign of repression against those
of its citizens who seek to enjoy
the principles enshrined in the
Universal Declaration of Human
Rights including the right to
emigrate.
'IN THE words of the Soviet
novelist Aleksandr I. Solzhenit-
syn: 'Coexistence on this tightly
knit earth should be viewed as:
an existence not only without!
wars that is not enough I
but without violence, or anyone's
telling us how to live, what to
say, what to think, what to know
and what nor to know.'
'The concern of the American
people for human rights every-
where is one of the distinguish-
ing characteristics of our coun-
try's history, the hallmark of
America's Traditional value-
stance in the conduct of foreign
policy since the earliest days of
the republic.
"There can be no more appro-
priate use of America's economic
power than to help those strug-
gling for human freedom. Indeed,
the Export Administrative Act
of I960 specifically denotes trade
as an instrument of foreign pol-
icy.
"We urge passage of the Mills-
Vanik Amendment to the pend-
ing foreign trade bill as an es-
sential element of progress to-
ward genuine detente with the
Soviet Union. The requirement
of free emigration contained in
the Mills-Vanik Amendment is
best understood not as interfer-
ing in the internal affairs of an-
other country but rather as a
piece of legislation of vital con-
cern to every American who sup
ports an end to the cold war and
the beginning of a new era of
genuine peace and understand-
ing between the U.S. and the
USSR."
Golda Lashes Execs;
Newcomers Slighted
TEL AVIV (JTA) Premier Golda Meir administered a tongue
lashing to immigration and absorption officials Sunday for their al-
leged preoccupation with red tape that makes the integration of new
immigrants an exhausting time-consuming ordeal for them.
Mrs. Meir summoned the offi
rials to her office and made it clear
that she would not tolerate ineffi- ,
ciency and prolonged delays during JJJ" ^.^ *i
which immigrants languish for ,0 "* :
hours in offices waiting to see of
around," she said.
Why is there no respect for
ho come
asked.
Mrs. Meir stressed that immi-
ficials and are shunted from office grants arriving in Israel now. par-
to office sometimes losing one or tlcularly from the Soviet Union
more working days. had been living for years under a
SHE BLAMED the officials for repressive regime which made
sending new immigrants "here and ,.__ __ ^ ..
there" while a problem can be lhem nervous aboul officialdom,
solved easily when the official SHE SAID that when she set up
meets with his colleague sitting tfte Ab80rption Minist she m
just next door or on the next .. r
floor, tnougfit and apparently she was
"I should remind you that you WTOng that a11 meters concern-
are sitting here to serve him (the mg new immigrants would be
immigrant) and not the other way taken care of under one roof.
Crowds Mill Among the Exhibits
Jeriisaleniiles Descend
En Masse on Their
Third Annual Art Fair
By TUV1A MENDELSON
^he third annual Artists' Fair in
Hutzot Hayotzer. opposite the
Tower of David in Jerusalem,
has opened Jerusalemites who
love going out in the cool eve-
nings mix with tourists and other
Israelis visiting their capital in
the square set aside for this pur-
pose
The .Artists' Fair, modest, with-
out boisterous features, has a
pleasant atmosphere. Yitzhak Ya-
acobi. the director of the East
Jerusalem Development Com-
pany, who is in charge of the fair,
says that the quiet atmosphere
was intentional, both because of
lack of space in Hutzot Hayotzer
for a fair of larger dimensions
and because of the smallness of
the budget.
A sum to;;: al IL 120,000 (un-
der $30,000) was invested in the
enterprise by the Jerusalem mu-
nicipality, the East Jerusalem De-
velopment Company, and the Min
istry of Tourism, in equal parts.
This year, for the first time, the
Artists' Fair has spread outside
the confines of Hutzot Hayotzer.
occupying the space designated
for the future Jerusalem National
Park In the square specially pre-
pared for the fair, stalls were
erected on which the artists
mostly from Jerusalem exhib-
ited their paintings, sculpture,
leatherware, prints, ceramics.
THE FAIR is open from 8 p.m.
to midnight The multitudes of
people, the crammed stalls, the
illuminated square, and the quiet
background music impart color-
fulness and atmosphere.
Israelis who examine the works
with an expert eye. asking about
prices even when there is no
intention to buy.
Among the eighty exhibiting
artists there are three immigrants
from Russia and two young wom-
en from the Golan village of
Haruv The artists were selected,
following an advertisement in the
press, by a public committee
headed b> the well known artist,
Bezalel Schatz Limited space
coupled with a large number of
applications compelled the com-
mittee to reject a number of ap-
plications Also taking par! in
the fair are the artists who per-
manently exhibit at Hutzot Ha-
yotzer.
Large crowds gather even eve-
ning around the stall where .jlass
is blown. In view of the onlook-
ers, the craftsman makes vases
of a variety of shapes, which are
very' much sought after at the
fair. Jackson the goldsmith is
also too willing to explain to those
who are interested the various
stages of his handiwork The in-
teresting ceramics work attracts
considerable attention, and the
same may be said with regard to
painting, sculpture, and enamel
works.
OF VERY special interest is
the handicraft of the old pi-ople
of Jerusalem, whose works are of-
fered for sale by the Yad Ha-
kashish organization, in whose
rhop in Hutzot Hayotzer one can
find practically everything, from
toys and children's wear, knitted
or hand-sewn, to painting- and
engravings, and even women's
gowns, which are interesting in
their originality.
Norwegian Court Orders
Release Of Mkbotl Dorff
OSLO (WNS Michael
Dorff. one of two Israelis arrested
in connection with the Jlllj
ing of a Moroccan national. Ahmed
Bouahicki. has been ordered re-
leased in the custody of l-raeli
officials by a Norwegian Appeals
Court The ruling was appealed
immediately and will have to be
decided by the Norwegian Su-
preme Court.
The Appeals Court, while up
holding Dorffs indictment, noted
that the two Israelis were Treat*"'
in the Olso apartment of Vigal
Eyal in violation of diplomat.c im-
munity. Obervers here expect the
appeals court to also order the
release of the other Israeli. Zvi
Steinberg.


Friday, October 5, 1973
>J*\%ist Fkridinr N*h Broward
Page 7
Immigration from Soviet Continues at Rapid Pace
By K. G. PETERSON
tJORE THAN half the new
*" immigrants arriving in Is-
rael during the past year came
from the Soviet Union, and be-
cause of the dramatic factors
involved, attention has been fo-
cused mainly on this aliyah,
though South American aliyah
also has been on the increase
Fewer immigrants have been
coming from North America
and Western Europe, implying
that the impetus of the Six-Day
War has about spent itself.
Absorbing immigrants from
Russia has confronted Israel
with problems differing to some
extent from those which the
country has faced before. Their
novelty as well as their ma.;
r.itude has been responsible for
the difficulties with which the
country is still learning to i
MOST OF the in
c me from Qeorgia or from the
ten .imc from c.
in came
Lithuania than from I
. down into a.
;hat mo.-t of them are
. es with grov
is a prepondei in< i
mica and onrj .. sprinkling
c! students; many an cl i k- oi
in-.
As elderly people are facing
fewer obstacles from the Rus-
sian authorities, they form a
more sizeable group than here-
tofore, are often in bad health
and alone, and so are especially
in need of social assistance. The
increased aliyah of the elderly
has emphasized the housing
problem for the elderly as well
as their special problems of
health, employment and social
security.
The fields of immigrant ab
sorption presenting the greatest
problems remain employment
and hollaing, iarael is on the
way to becoming the country
with the largest proportion of
academics in the world. Espe-
cially people in the social sci-
ences and the humanities have
difficulty in finding work which
they I pel to be commensurate
with their aln::t:r-s and qu
cation.--: many must un
i onsidi rable n training or make
do with :a] or ad-
trative positions,
C impared ith othei gi oups
i ants those m im Rus-
sia tc nd to -:..' i w< rkl ig more
quickly, and !'* r pro-
portion o! low .; | I ... I but
the) generally, have more than
one wage-earner in the fain
fewer of them find positions
bringing in more than the aver-
age national wage.
THE PROBLEM of housing is
complicated by the fact that
immigrants from Russia often
in rive with definite opinions
about where in Israel they wish
to settlebased on information
from relatives or friends (often
the only information they have
acquired beforehand).
Georgians especially want to
live within their own commu-
nities. Demands for immigrant
housing is now almost equalled
by demands for housing from
young Israeli couples. Official
policy aims at directing the de-
mand away from the center of
the country, where most new-
comers would prefer to settle.
Few immigrants from Russia
have bad the opportunity of
c \ -n in-ginning to learn Hebrew
bel i rival. There are now
Hum 50 absorption an-
te:-;, in which academics and
i i i ssionais c i ij f<
I i in..: ol five month.- whili
tending a full-time ulpan, and
more than -in hostels provide
temporary housing with Hebrew
evening i '. se Almosl hall the
new immigrants who came from
Russia during the paat year
mainly those in the "blue-COl-
lar" category have not yet made
a start on learning the language,
and many of those who have
started have not persevered.
JEWLSH students are less
likely than their elders to leave
Russia because of anti-Semitism
or lack of opportunity, but come
to Israel for positive reasons: to
live fully as Jews, and to re-
main together with their fam-
ilies. Most of them receive the
highest available grant from the
Students' uepanment of the
Ministry of Absorption.
They learn Hebrew in pre-
academic classes, but not Eng-
lish, which is almost as essen-
tial for their university studies.
Even those able to meet the
high entrance requirements can-
not always find places, especial-
ly in such disciplines as engi-
neerini and medicine.
Most of the new immigrant
children now coming ui d r the
care of Youih Aliyah w re bom
in Ruasi cm wot k
well as for them as it has done
- for children from
other countries.
Like all other new settlers,
from Russia find it dif-
ficult to make contact with Is-
raelis on the personal level, and
tend to keep up or renew former
new ones. Yet on the whole,
social ties, but not to establish
their absorption may be said to
be successful: the percentage of
those leaving Israel is minimal,
and most of their problems are
such that time itself helps to
solve them. On the whole, the
Soviet aliyah is more successful
than the average. Two-thirds
66 per centof those above the
age of 18 are employed within
one year of their arrival. The
national average is 52 per cent.
IN THE academic field. 85
per cent are employed within
their respective aieas, the re-
mainder having to change. In
terms of job satisfaction, 77 per
cent are satisfied, compared to
an overall average of 62 per
Cl tit.
If the present trends con-
tinue, the con will see
increasing in on fiom
Rusi la .out Horn Latin Ami
it will also see an intensifica-
tion of this year's two prill 1
problems, the absorption into
the economy of an e.xce.-s of
academics and the shortage of
housing.
"GREAT IS PEACE FOR ALL
THE BLESSINGS ARE INCLUDED IN IT
LEVITICUS RABBA, CHAPTER 9
/ f
(tlcmlfUL
M THE ST
OHE WITH THE FLORIOA PLAIW
i,mi dadeland 163rd strset Hollywood fort laudardale pompano west palm bach orlando merritt island
miami
1


Paqe 8
* If%%MtlrrHi.tr Of North Brow.rd
Friday. October 5, 1973
Tal Brodie lighting the Maccabiah flame at the opening
ol the Ninth Maccabiah the international Jewish Olym-
pics held in Israel once every four years. Brodie, a leading
bra*!] sportsman and champion basketball player, is a re-
cent settler in Israel, having come from the United States.
President Zalman Shazar, first President of Israel to retire
from office, is seen receiving a Scroll of Honor presented
to him by the World Zionist Organization which he served
with distinction, first as head of the Information Depart-
ment, and later as head of its Department for Education
and Culture in the Diaspora. The scroll is being presented
to him by Moshe Rivlin, director-general of the Jewish
Agency. Seated to Shazar's right is the late Louis Pincus,
and to his left David Ben-Gurion, who was chairman of
the Jewish Agency before the establishment of the state.
Oh
tgoing
KAcar
J^jcaan HJlilt
JHumck Jtturl
ers
Continued from Page 5
dential election. For many de-
cades, U.S. Jewry had voted over-
whelmingly for the Democratic
party but preelection indications
this time indicated a considerable
shift towards the Republicans.
Most consciously this was con-
nected with the unswervingly
solid support for Israel afforded
by President Nixon and his re-
gime (and certain expressions of
appreciation by Israelis in this
sensitive period evoked accusa-
tions of interference by Israelis
in internal American politics).
But the evidence of increased
Jewish support for Republicans
was also traced to deeper causes
the more settled and affluent
nature of Jewish society, which
in the course of three genera-
tions had moved from the posi-
tion of 'have nots" to a position
where most can be classified as
"have."
The outcome is a growing con-
servatism in Jewish attitudes, dis-
cernible throughout the Western
Continued from Page 4-C
world. Interestingly, when it
reached the crunch of the presi-
dential vote, fewer Jews deserted
the Democrats than had been
anticipated and Jews were among
the few groups which regarded
majority support for the Dem-
ocratic candidatebut neverthe-
less the extent of Jewish support
for the Republicans grew consid-
erably.
IN LATIN America, the Jews
felt increasingly uneasy. The gen-
eral social unrest presaged a par-
ticulary uncertain future. For the
time being, aati-Semitic senti-
ments were confined to fringe
elements but many Jews felt
alarmed not only as Jews but aa
members of the upper middle
class which could become victims
of change.
Few Jews are left in the Arab
world but those who remain have
in some countries been terribly
ill-treated. The worst examples
during the past year were the
murder of a number of Jews in
Iraq and the continuing ill-treat-
ment of the entire community in
Syria.
In Jewish Christian relations,
symbolic significance was seen in
Golda Meir's visit to the Pope. A
practical expression to the im-
provement in relations with the
Roman Catholic Church was the
pastoral statement issued by
French bishops which endorsed !
the return of the Jewish people i
"to its land," and stated: "The
universal conscience cannot re-
fuse the Jewish people, which has
suffered so many hardships in
histoiy. the right and means to
their own political existence I
among the nations." The state-
ment predictably aroused Arab;
ire. ]
Golda Fears Jews Disappear
.. j ,i .irnni niiv.ih Jn Israel con
TESL AVfV (1TA) Premier GoMi IMi
expressed tear tri;it there were prospect! for the
Iteappearance through assimilation of large seg-
ments "f Jewry in the western world. Speaking
i, attending the Third World Convea
tion of Polish Jewry Federation-, she blamed pa-
rental Indifference to the quality of Jewish life
in the home and the lack of Jewish education
given to their children.
Mrs Heir quoted statistics thai *0 per cent
of American Jewish college students married out
of their faith and declared: "Is it for this kind
Of a development that SO mam people laid down
their lives? I ask you. what will happen in a
generation or two" What will be the outcome of
their children? For whom have we built our
state" Surely not just for the 700.000 .lews in
Israel when it was founded through the 1348
war."
SHE SAID Jews had "no right to remain in-
different and aeeept the situation as it is. The
Jewish nation never accepted it ind I. as an
Israel wiuld never consent to such a situation."
Mrs. Meir said it was a mystery to her that tv o-
thirds of the current aliyah t consisted
i h > have to stn hard
ic. m exit ma while Jews-from the free
world can .-imply go. and buy a ticket for the
plane and eome aver."
Sp, n Yiddish, Mrs. Meir said that in
h,,r ,. NN apikorsim di-
, Jewish Orthodoxy but we knew what
vi were dissenting from. This was much better
nortnee when you ic do not
knoq whj and what the) are against"
Dultain, acting chairman of the Jewish
Agency Executive, told the openini sassdon that
the memory of the Jaws annihilated in the holo-
caust could he perpetuated by bringing in to
Israel millions of Jews for settlement.
STEFAN (.HAYEK, chairman of the federa-
tion's Israel branch, expressed concern over the
heritage Of Polish Jewry and the need to preserve
it : i coming generations He said the survivors
also protested the ban bf Polish authorities on
visits by Polish Jews to Israel and against at-
tempts b* sontemporary Polish historians to erase
(he men J of fewish victims and resistance
tighten in die war against the Nazis.
THE HEAD OF THE YEAR
Four Names for Rosh Hashona
By I. M. GREEN
A I.I. THE four major Jewish
festivals bear more than one
talmudie name, which gives
them greater significance than
they would otherwise have The
great eight-day holiday of Pass-
over, in preparation for which
our Orthodox mothers or grand-
mothers used to work so hard
for a whole month cleaning and
scrubbing, is not only called in
Hebrew "Hag-ha-Pesaeh"
"the holiday of the passing over"
but also "Hag-ha-Matzoh"
"the holiday when only matzoh
and no bread can be eaten"
and "Hag-ha-Aviv" "the fes-
tival of spring.
SEVEN weeks later comes the
"Feast of Weeks." Shavuot
whose other name is "Hag-ha
Bikurim," "the festival of the
offering of first fruits." and
this argicultural significance of
the holiday is even more em-
phasized in the Talmud than
the commemoration of "Matan
Torah," the giving of the law
by God to Moses on Mt. Sinai.
Sukkot is known as the week
when Jews eat in booths to com-
memorate their wanderings
through the desert, but it too
has an argicultural name
"Hag-ha-Asif" harvest festi-
val
The fourth major Jewish holi-
day, Rosh Hashona (Yom Kip
pur can hardly be classed as a
holiday, since it is a day of
fasting), has four different
names to its credit. "Rosh Ha-
shona" means literally "head of
the year," or as we say nowa-
days, New Year's Day. It is
celebrated for two days even
in Israel, where all other holi-
days are only celebrated for
one day, because in ancient
times it was not exactly known
when the moon came out to
start the new month, the first
day of the month of Tishri.
Rosh Hashona is a blend of
ber reflection on the sins of the
past year and of joyous resolve
to do better in the year ahead.
So on these two days one eats
the traditional holiday meals
and goes to "tashlich." to a
river bank to shake off one's
sins.
Another name for Rosh Ha-
shona is "Yom Teru'ah." the
Day of Blowing the Ram's Horn,
or Shofar, because on the first
day of the holiday (unless the
first day falls on a Saturday),
tlh> Shofar is blown in all syna-
gogues for a whole month bo-
fore Rosh Hashona, beginning
with the fi:-t da) of Flul. which
starts the ssm h I penitential
period. During th" week before
Rosh Hashona, while it Is still
dark and before the morning
prayers begin, penitenial pray-
ers (Selichoth) arc recited and
the Shofar is blown.
THE THIRD and fourth names
of Rosh Hashona can be re-
garded as linked together, and
their significance is usually held
to be greater than that of the
other two names These are the
names "Yom Hazikkaibn"
"The Day of Remembrance"
"Yom Hadia" "The Day of
Judgment." which latter name
is also applied to Yom Kippur.
On Rosh Hashona, which is tra-
ditionally regarded as the day
of the creation of the world.
God remembers all His crea-
tures and determines the lot of
human beings during the com
ing year. On that day He passes
judgment on all persons who
are thus summoned to earnest
self judgment "spiritual
stock-taking," remembrance on
their own part, one might say
to atonement and to self -im-
provement.
On Rosh Hashona. it is be-
lieved, the names of the good
feasting and atonement, of so-
for good and for life, while
those of the bad are blotted
out forthwith from the book of
life. However, the decision of
God as regards those who are
in-between, neither good sjor
bad, is reserved until Yom Kip-
pur. the Day of Atonement, on
which day the lot and fate of
each are determined in accord-
ance with each one's repentance.
ONCE upon a time, among the
Jews in the pre-Exilic period,
Rosh Hashona too had an agri-
cultural significance, but that
has long since been lost. In the
days before the Babylonian ex-
ile, the new year began in the
fall, since the old harvest year
concluded at that time, and the
new one began. During the Ba-
bylonian exile, the Jews adopted
from the Babylonians, in addi-
tion to the new year on the
first of Tishri the present-
day Rosh Hashona the new
year occurring at the start of
the syring month of Nissan, that
is. two weeks before Passover.
Nevertheless, the celebration
of the new year took place in
the autumn in accordance with
the old chronology. The trans-
ference of the celebration of the
new year to the First of Tishri
and the ascription of an aug-
ment*! solemnity and sacred-
ness to that day may have been
due in patl to the teinembrance
that II was on the First of
Tishri that the Jews who had
returned from the Babylonian
exile and brought their first of-
fering on the newly erected
altar.
IN KEEPING with the entire
mood in the post-exilic period."
are written down immediately
the Universal Jewish Encyclo-
pedia informs us. "the celebra-
tion of the new year evidenced
from the very beginning the
characteristics of atonement
and expiation, which became
strengthened the more the fes-
tival of the new year evolved
into a sort of solemn period or
introduction to the Day of
Atonement."
France Unlikely
To Change Its
Pro-Arab Policy
TEL AVIV (JTA) Israels
ambassador to France said here
that that country is not likely to
change its pro-Arab policy in the
Middle East although French au-
thorities are taking strict precau-
tions against terrorist activities on
their soil and are protecting all
Israeli institutions in France.
Ambassador Ashe Ben Nathan,
who is presently in Israel, made
his remarks in an army radio sta-
tion broadcast.
HE SAID France has prevented
open cooperation between the po-
lice forces of Europe in combatin<
terrorism and sabotage, probably
because of France's reluctance to
become involved in the political is-
sues surrounding the terrorists' ac-
tivities.
He said that while there has
been little change in the cool re-
lations between France and Israel,
this has not prevented trade and
cultural exchanges between the
two.
Ambassador Ben Nathan said he
did not foresee any joint Anglo-
French initiative on the Middle
East.
Wi STOCK
TAGS
D Q' ;- Qi ; s
524 4387


October 5. 1973
ucxopei o, ___________-Jenistncr/d/ar Of North Broward Pago 9
w York's Lower East Side Experiencing a Commercial Renaissance
tv RI.- V A t o _
By BEN G. FRANK
y^HKN THE new immigrants first came to
these shores at the turn of the century and
headed for the Lower East Side, they were told,
among other things, "America is a land of busi-
ness. '
Seventy or so odd years later, there is a new
business on the Lower East Side. And the people
who buy the product are also newcomers to the
"Goldene Medina."
The product is appliances with 220 volts in
stead of the 119 that we use in the U.S. And
who are the ones that would want to buy appli
anc.^ with 220 voltage? Why Indians from India
and Israelis from Israel. In those two nations,
22o voltage is used.
AND SO. the East Side which is still one
of the most cosmopolitan markets in the world;
which still attracts peoples of all nationalities,
races and religions from Puerto Ricans to
Blacks to Orthodox Jews to Chinese now has
drawn Israelis and Indians into its web.
Many Americans going on aliyah also buy
their appliances on the East Side.
But now on the streets of the Lower East
Side, on streets named Hester, Essex and Ludlow
and Canal, one can see dark-skinned Indians,
their women dressed in long saris, buying ra-
dios, television sets, tape recorders, hi-fis, blend-
er*, toasters, mixers, can openers, vaceum clean-
en, air conditioners, refrigerators, dish washers,
washing machines, and dryers, cameras, projec-
tors all in 220 so that they can take them back
to India and just plug them in.
Israelis, too. even before they came to the
I' S, heard for example, the names of Fishman
and Lewi, both of whom have separate stores on
the East Side.
When asked asked the difference between
Fishman's and Lewi's Mordecai Fishman an-
swered. "What's the difference between Macy's
and Gimbels'"
THERE ARE other stores, dealing with elec-
trical appliances and Israelis visit all of them.
Fishman proudly displays a copy of a check
on his counter for $187 17. from the Government
that former Israel Ambassador to the U.S. Yitz-
hak Rabin purchased a television set on the East
Side, too
Which store do the Israelis go to Some-
times, they sty, they go to the store which is
least crowded.
Israelis flock to the Fast Side not only for
trie blenders and tape recorders, but for Israeli
products and delicacies.
* For any Jew interested in appetizers and
piHles and fish and kosher meat, the East Side
is a shoppers' paradise Moreover, the Lower East
Side ha* remained the center for Jewish religious
articles, from Israeli napkin holders, candle-
labras for Shabbat, kiddush cups to plaques
which have Hebrew letters spelling Shalom."
Trie Israelis also come from far distances to
do their shopping, as do the Indians. It is word
of mouth that brings them and many sav they
heard about the Lower East Side when they
wire in Bombay, just as the Israelis say they
heard about it when they were in Tel Aviv.
INDIANS ALSO need the appliances with
220 voltace. although one can use a transformer
with a 110 volt appliance, but as one Israeli put
it. "it is not comfortable to use transformers on
every appliance."
The Indians who now flock to the East Side
come for cameras and other appliances. For
them, as Ashok Phansey of Bombay told this
writer, "it is also a social occasion." An Indian
who lives in Boston often meets an old friend
from his native city on the Lower East Side. The
friend might now be living in Pittsburgh, but
veryone meets on the East Side and often one
sees large grov-ps of Indians talking and exchang-
ing memories all this in front of an appliance
store, no less.
Most of the discount stores on Essex and
Canal Street are owned by Jews. But the Indians,
too, want to get into the act and some Indians
have opened up a store called, "India Discount
Center" on Ludlow Street. Still, people sh'vp
for bargains and not nationality and many In-
dians buy from Jews and probably Jews buy
from the Indians.
And everyone buys in other types of stores
on the Lower East Side. For instance, many, in
eluding the Chinese from nearby Chinatown,
shop for material to make dresses and skirts and
blouses and gowns.
MANY ORTHODOX Jews buy their Pass-
over goods on the East Side, for as one put it,
i know if I buy on the East Side, it's kosher."
Before the Passover holidays, many families
from as far away as Pennsylvania and Massa-
chusetts buy their goods for Passover on the
East Side, if they can find a parking space, foi
one drawback of the area, especially on Sundays.
is the difficulty in parking.
There is still a large Jewish community on
the East Side, but interestingly most of the mer
chants live outside the area. But all merchants,
faced with rising crime in the city, cooperate
even more. Leibel Bistritzky of Essex Street, a
leading mercnant on tne East Side, and one of
the most personable, says that there is a bond
of cooperation between all merchants.
It is reported that some stores have even
set up aiarm systems hooked up to the store
next Jovr. so that the owner of one store can
alert his neighbor to an attempted holdup with
out the hold up man knowing it. Besides, many
proud East Siders say it is safer on the East Side
than on the Grand Concourse.
NOT ALL stores on the Ix>wor East Side, of
course, are food and appliance stores. There are
many famous Jewish book and publishing stores
which also sell records from Israel. You can
buy Hageadahs for Passover for anywhere from
15 cents to S15. And there are Passover greet-
ing cards and ceremonial plates and seder plates
and wine cups, and matzoh covers. For religious
goods, the East Side still holds reign.
And of course, yarmulkes. Why in fact on
Essex Street near Grand Street, there are little
shops and stores where merchants have set up
yarmulke factories and one can even purchase
them in large numbers for a bar mitzvah and
Aedding.
All this, of course, takes place on Sunday,
the busiest shopping day of the week. This is a
big reason why the East Side attracts: It is ?
Sunday market. With few exceptions, the Lower
Fast Side is generally closed on Saturday, the
Sabbath, and open on Sundav The whole family
shops on Sunday.
In these days of runaway inflation prices
on the Lower East Side are generally lower than
in supermarkets in Long Island or Westcher.
Merchants cite two factors for lower prices on
food items and religious goods: Lower overhead.
nnt< are cheaper: and the desire 'o move mer-
chandise. Of course, you have to know how to
shop and sometimes bargain, especially in the
pushcart sei lions on the streets north of Delancy,
such as Orchard Street.
THE LOWER East Side is almost an inter
national bazaar, friendly, but very crowded and
there is a lot of sharp wit that passes between
buyer and seller. Many of the Jewish merchants
in the area have hired Spanish-speaking sales-
men to talk to the many Puerto Rican customers
who also come to the Lower East Side for shop-
ping, especially on Sunday.
Yes. the Lower East Side was once the gate-
way to America for millions. Today, it is certainly
not the same Jewish neighborhood it once was.
But it is still a wonderful Jewish market place.
koah Explains German Vote
UNITED NATIONS (JTA
kbassador Yosef Tckoah of Is
told the General Assembly
It his delegation was "not pres
W" Israel's earlier request for a
D.uate vote on the admission of
two Germanys to the United
RiOM,
f'The Israeli delegation regrets
It due to objections of the spon-
of the draft resolution, a sep-
arate vote on the admission of the
German Democratic Republic has
become impossible." he said.
TEKOAH WAS referring to a
resolution worked out here where
by the Democratic Republic of
East Germany and the West Ger-
man Federal Republic would be
admitted simultaneously by accla-
mation.
The Israeli diplomat said that
Israel had asked for a separate vote
for the opportunity to record its
opposition to the Fast German re-
gime.
Tekoah said that for "more than
20 years th< German Democratic
Republic has been trying to rele
Sflte to oblivion the holocaust
wrought upon the Jewish people
by Nazi Germany and has been fan-
ning the flames of hostility against
Israel."
}anov Can Leave-But Not Wife
NEW YORK (JTA) The
M'onal Conference on Soviet
*ry said here it learned that
ll> ry Panov has received permis-
n from Soviet authorities to go
id Israel on condition that he
ives his wire, Galina, in the So-
ft Union.
[According to the NCSJ. Soviet
Ticials told Panov that his wife
is being denied a visa because
br father has refused to let her
ligratc. Galina is not Jewish.
[The NCSJ reported that Panov
^ortedly was told by Soviet In-
irior Ministry officials that his
life would be reinstated with the
|irov Ballet Company from which
and her husband hail been ex
tiled if she would divorce Valcry-
nov's answer was "I prefer to
|ie rather than to leave her."
RICHARD MAASS, NCSJ chair
ban, termed this latest Soviet ac-
lon "outrageous" and a form of
}eart!ess harassment.
"Valery Panov and his wife are
being brutally and heartlessly divorce her husband in order to
crushed by the Soviet government s qualify for the basic human right
persistent refusal to allow them to to live freely in a country' of one's
leave. choice, is a perversion uf the true
"To even suggest that a man meaning
must leave his wife or a woman stated.
of that right. Maas

Decision Near On Prosecution
In May 9 Shootout
United Way Poster
Contest Sponsored
By Broward College
Broward Community College is
sponsoring a "Poster Contest" for
the United Way of Broward
County.
This contest, which is open to all
interested residents, is to encour-
age talented artists to translate
the message of the United Way
into a graphic design which will
communicate the story of people
helping people' in a United Way
The deadline for entries is Oct
9. Judging will be held Tuesday
with the award being made that
evening at the kick-off dinner at
Pier 66. Broward Community Col
legc is giving a one-year scholar
ship for its Fine Arts Program to
the winner.
Entries are to be brought to the
Broward Community College Fort
I-auderdale Center. 225 E. Las Olas
Blvd Fort Lauderdale. Attention:
Pat Novak, residential chairman ol
the United Way. For information
and entry blanks call the Student
Development Office.
AMSTERDAM (JTA1 The
Amsterdam public prosecutor will
decide shortly whether to pros-
ecute two El Al security officers
Involved in a shootout in the lobby
of the Amsterdam Hilton Hotel
May C. the newspaper "Algemeen
Dagblad." has resorted.
One of them, 23-year-old Yeho-
i shua Katz, was wounded in the
shooting. The other, who was
, grazed by a bullet, dropped out
of sight but has been identified
land has been summoned here for
j questioning the newspaper said. I
THE ISRAELIS drew their guns
and exenanged fire with three bank
robbers, all French, whom they
mistook for Arab terrorists.
The robbers were fleeing
through the hotel lobby here. An
El Al crew was waiting for a bus
to the airport. The security officers
believed at the time that they were
about to attack the Israeli crew
If brought to trial, the men will
be charged with illegally carrying
and using firearms.
Temple Sholom Sisterhood
Meeting Scheduled Oct. 16
Temole Sholom Sisterhood will
hold its regular meeting Tuesday
Oct 16. at noon in the temple. 132
SF 11th Ave.. Pompano Beach. I
Program will be a panel discus
sion on "Jewish Family Living
The Scene Today." by Mrs. Shir
ley Konigsburg. Mrs. Diane Mar
covitz and Mrs. Grace Mendelson
followed by a discussion period .
Refreshments will be served. Mem
N. Broword Section, NOW
To Hear Robert Ettinger
North Broward Section. National
Council of Jewish Women will hold
its regular meeting Wednesday,
Oct 17. at 12 30 p.m. in the Worn-
men's Club of Wilton Manors. 600
NF. 214 Ct.
Robert Ettinger. executive di.
rector of the Broward Association
for Retarded Children, will speak
on "Services to the Retarded at the
Sup Dial Workshop."
JMalter of ^fae{ b#i
JOSEPH ALSOP
Continued from Page 4
pose of Ambassador Dinitzv trip.
For the first time since the out-
break of World War II. there is
scriou,s danger of anti-Semitism
becoming a factor in American
politics.
Every kind of smarmy word
will be used to conceal the dread-
ful fact. Yet the temptation to
blame gas rationing on Israel will
be too much for some U.S. poli-
ticians. Needless to add. yielding
to this temptation will be not
merely sordid but also against
the national interest
THE ARABS cannot he suc-
cessfully bought off by a craven
America, sacrificing even prin-
ciple for the sake of ease and
comfort.
The right way out and the
only workable way out is to
be tough with ourselves. In fact,
we now need a ruthlessly stern
national energy policy aimed to-
ward a high measure of national
self dependence in U.S. energy
requirements.
r


I'age 10
+Je*lst) rhrkttlMl o> North Irowrd
Friday. October 5, 1973
\
Latvian Jew Arrested For
j Protesting Visa Refusal
By Special Report
MOSCOW A Latvian Jew ar-
rested Sunday for protesting the
government's refusal to give him
an exit visa to Israel was returned
Monday under police escort to his
native Riga, a Jewish source said.
Arkady A. Schpilberg. 35. will
probably be sentenced to 15 days
in prison for petty hooliganism
for his protest outside the head-
quarters of the Communist
Party's Central Committee, the
source said.
Schpilberg, who carried a sign
outside the building reading "Let
Me Go to My Family in Israel."
was in a labor camp when his
family obtained exit visas two
I months ago. He was serving a
three-year sentence for allegedly
taking part in a hijack plot by a
group of Leningrad Jews in 1970.
He has failed so far in attempts
to get a visa to join his family.
J His wife told newsmen in Tel
j Aviv recently her husband ap-
; parently was being denied per-
mission to leave because he re-
fused to plead guilty at the trial.
Schpilberg's demonstration led
i to the temporary detention of
, American correspondent Roger
i Leddington of the Associated
Press, who was grabbed by police
as he was gettinc into h'.s car and
escorted into the Communist j
; Party building wnen he refused !
Chou Supports 'Arab Cause'
I to surrender film he took of the
: protest.
Leddington said he was refused
permission to call his embassy
I and the film was forcibly taken
from his coat pocket. An Amer- \
ican Embassy spokesman said the j
action appears to be a violation |
of the Soviet-American consular
agreement, and U.S. diplomats
are looking into a possible pro-
test.
Dissident scientist Andrei D.
Sakharov issued a statement last
Saturday accusing Soviet author-
ities of violating "justice and
legality" by refusing to allow
Schpilberg to emigrate.
UNITED NATIONS (JTA)
The Chinese delegation circulated
a release here this week describ-
ing a speech made by Premier.
Chou En Lai iii Peking last Thurs-
day attacking Israel and pledging
China's support for the Arab cause.
The occasion was a banquet Pre-
mier Chou gave for the Egyptian
Vice President. Hussein El Shafei.
Chou said: "The Chinese govern-
, ment and people firmly support
the Egyptian. Palestinian and other
Arab people in their just struggle
for the recovery' f lost territories
' and Palestinian national right*."
He added: "We sternly condemn
Israeli Zionism for its barbarous
crime of persisting in aggression.
We firmly oppose the expanionist
policy of Israel."
Kissinger in Generalized Talk
To UN, Arabs Attend Lunclwon
A Happy and Healthy New Year
To All My Friends and Customers
SUNRISE ART GALLERY
2396 E. SUNRISE BOULEVARD
FORT LAUDERDALE
Phone 564-5666
UNITED NATIONS(JTA)
Secretary of State Henry A. Kis-
singer declared Tuesday that the
United States recognized its "spe-
cific obligations as a permament
member of the Security Council
to assist in the search for just so-
lutions in those parts of the world
now torn bv strife, such as the
Middle East."
He added, while we cannot sub-
stitute for the efforts of those
ZOA Urges
New Energy
Be Developed
HOUSTON (JTA) The
Zionist Organization of America
urged President Nixon and Con-
gress to "initiate a crash program
for the development of all alter-
nate sources of domestic energy to
forestall the possibility that the I
Arab nations may use the United
States' dependence on Middle East
oil as a lever to influence U.S.
policy in the Mideast."
This was one of several resolu-
tions adopted at the ZOA's 76th
national convention here last week-
end. Bernard S. White, of Wash-
ington. DC, chairman of the con-
vention's resolution committee, said
that certain actions relating to
this country's "growing energy cri
sis could ultimately have an ad
verse effect on the United States'
traditional support of Israel."
HE SAID these included 'long-
term supply arrangements certain
U.St firms am making or eomtem-
plating to increase America's reli-
ance on Middle East oil," the en-
couragement a number of govern
merit officials are giving some Arab
nations "to invest heavily their
growing oil revenues in strategic-
ally important US. industries,"
and the exploitation by such com-
panies as Standard Oil of California
and Mobil Oil Corp. of temporary
domestic oil shortages to "agitate
for a shift in American Middle East
policy that would be submissive to I
Arab economic and political dc
mands."
In other policy actions, the ZOA
expressed support of U.S. efforts
to combat international terrorism,
and criticized the UN for its fail
ure to deal effectively with this
issue: called on the U.S. to use its
veto power in the UN when unjust
measures are directed against Is- {
rael: condemned the continued ha-',
rassment and intimidation of So
viet Jews who apply for exit visas; j
and urged that the International,
Olympics Committee reject the So
viet Union's bid to hold the 1980'
Olympics in Moscow. I
most directly involved, we are
prepared to use our influence to
generate a spirit of accommoda-
tion and to encourage the parties
toward practical progress."
DR. KISSINGER, in his first
speech to the UN General Assem-
bly since taking office as Secre-
tary' of State, also pledged that "we
will never abandon our allies and
our friends" and that the U.S. will
work for peace "through the United
Nations as well as through bilat-
eral relationships."
Dr. Kissinger's maiden UN
| speech, which opened the UN's an-
nual debate on world affairs, was
couched largely in generalities
about the state of the world, the
spirit of US foreign policy and its
attitude toward the UN.
He reaffirmed the importance t
that the U.S. attaches "to the
values and ideals of the UN," but
observed that nonetheless the
American people sometimes were !
disappointed because the UN "has
not been more successful in trans-
lating the hope for universal peace
into concrete accomplishments."
At another point, however, he
said, with regard to solutions of
major world problems that "we!
start from a bedrock of solid
progress." In that connection, he
mentioned amon: other accom-
plishments that "there is a cease-
fire in the Middle East."
KISSINGER TOLD the General
Assembly that "my country seeks
,rue peace, not simply an armis-
tice. We strive for a world which
'he rule of law governs and funda-
mental human rights are the birth-
right of all."
He was scheduled to meet with
British Secretary Sir Alec Douglas-
Home, French Foreign Minister
Mkhel Jobert and Japanese For-
eign Minister Masayoushi Ohio
day. in the evening. He was to
have dinner with Soviet Foreign
Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko.
Dr. Kissinger reportedly invited
all of the Aral) delegation heads
to a private luncheon Thursday
and also hosted a luncheon for Af-
rican delegation leaders. He was
expected to meet with the Israeli
Foreign Minister Abba Eban on
the latter's arrival here later this
week.
THE JEWISH Telegraphic Agen-
cy learned that 15 Arab states at-
tended the Kissinger luncheon. It
was boycotted however by Libya
and South Yemen.
Before delivering his General
Assembly address, Secretary of
State Kissinger conferred with UN
Secretary General Kurt Waldheim.
The JTA learned that among other
things, they discussed the Middle
East.
Sir Alec Douglas-Home also dis-
cussed the Middle East situation
with Waldheim.
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October 5, 1973
>Jtnitlmeridian ** North Broward
Page 11-
ISRAEL ?
WHAT DO YOU
KNOW ABOUT
A forty week quiz, marking the 25th anniversary
celebration of the birth of Israel, haa boon pro-
pared for this and other member papers of the
American Jewish Press Association by the Depart-
ment of Education and Culture of the American
Section of the World Zionist Organization.
QUIZ TWENTY EIGHT
1 Name the first kibbutz established in Israel.
2. What is "Bricha?"
3. What was the "Gedud Haivri?"
4. Who helped establish the Zion Mule Corps during World
fcrl?
5. Thus far, who have been the three foreign ministers of
aer
6. What was the Jewish Brigade?
7. At what age do Israelis vote?
8 Does Israel provide social benefits to its citizens?
9. h Israel a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organi-
ition?
10. What are the two types of law courts in Israel''
Answers to the above questions will be found upside down
rlow. Eight right answers will indicate a good knowledge of
rael. Six questions answered correctly is passing. Check the
iswers to see 'iow well you scored.
QUIZ TWENTY EIGHT ANSWERS
1. Pegania.
2 The Bricha (literally flight) was the name of the under-
round organization that helped bring thousands of survivors of
lie holocaust to Palestine
3 The Gedud Haivri was the Jewish lesion consisting of
Volunteers from America and Eurooe The leuion fought with
rn. Allenby in the conquest of Palestine during World War I.
4 Zt<\ i Vladimir) Jabotmsky.
5 Moshe Sharett. Golda Meir and Abba r-han.
6 The Jewish Brigade was formed during World War II
,nd consisted of Palestinian and stateless Jews. It fought in
Curope and helped rescue thopsar.ds 'if holocaust survivors
7. All Israelis vote at age 18 regardless of religion, race,
nlor or sex.
8 Yes. Through the National Insurance Law of 1934. Israel
provides old-age pensions, survivor insurance, grants for the
lisablrd. maternity benefits, etc.
9 Yes. Israel became a member in 1372.
10. The two types of law courts in Israel are civil (state)
|and religious.
Ql'IZ TWENTY NINE
1 What percentage of Israeli Jews live on the soil?
2. What percentage of Israeli Arabs live on the soil?
3 What do the words El AI mean?
4. What industrial complex in Israel is referred to as "Steel
its"'-
5 What cultural event takes place annually on Yom Ha-
iat7maut'
6 A well known school in Israel is named after a skilled
(craftsman and architect of the tabernacle built in the desert in
[Biblical times. What Ml his name?
7. Where was the Oral agricultural school in Israel built"
8 What is thf name of the area above the Western Wall
pious Jews will not visit?
9 Jewa refer to the Bible as Tanach which in Hebrew
consi-t- of throe letteri Whet do the initialj stand for''
io. To what underdeveloped area has Israel given assistance?
\nswers to the above questions will be found upside down
Jew. Kiaht right answers will indicate a good knowledge of
Israel. Six questions an.wered correctly is passing. Check the
I Ml ers to >ec how w.-.i > scored.
QUIZ TWENTY -NINE INSWEBS
I. Close !o 18 per cent of Israeli Jews live on the soil.
2 C] to B7 per cent ol the laraeH Arab, live la rural areas.
8 El AI is Israel's national airlines. The words mean "to-
wards and upwards."
4. The industrial complex between Haifa tnd Acre is known
as -steel Cit\" because of its rr.uhipllcity of Industries.
5 on Yom Haatzmaut .Independence Day) the finals of
Hidon Hatanech [The International Bible Contest) takes place.
6 Bezalel.
7 At Mikveh Israel
8. Har Habayit (The Temple Mount), the location of the
holv of holies in ancient !ms
9. (Tl (Torah. the five books of Moses: (N) Wevtta or
prophets. (CH) .KcUibim, holy writings) are the initials for
the 24 books of the Bible
10. Israel has sent teams of experts to assist a Dumber of
underdeveloped Afro-Asian countries._____________________
MARLO RENTAL APARTMENTS
Hollywood Hills
Furnished and Unfurnished
3500 Polk Street
Dade 625-1545-Broward 969-3030
30 Different Buildings
.
Charlotte Jacobson
Replaces Pincus As
COJO Chairman
NEW YORK ftf!tf ^-"The
World Conference of Jewish Or
ganizations (COJO) has formally
named Mrs. Charlotte Jacobson as i
its acting chairman, replacing the
!ate Louis A. Pincus.
At the same time, COJO offi-
cers meeting in special session
here voted to name the newly-
Teated COJO Foundation for Jew-
ish Education in memory of Pin-
cus. who died in Jerusalem July
25 at the age of 61 shortly after
being elected chairman of COJO.
THE FOUNDATION will oper
te on a basic budget of $600,000
annually, supplied by the govern-
ment of Israel. World Zionist Or
ganization and Joint Distribution
Committee. supplemented hy
funds from the Jewish communi-
ties in various countries where it
will work in cooperation with exist-
ing Jewish educational institutions.
The newly named Louis Pincus
Foundation for Jewish Education
will initiate teacher-training pro-
grams, produce new textbooks and
establish a central Jewish peda-
gogic institute in Jerusalem.
Yehuda Hellman. secretary-gen
era! of COJO, announced that a
full meeting of the 14 member
COJO presidium would be con-
vened in Europe during the first
week in January to discuss prog-
ress in implementing decisions
taken at the COJO plenum in Ge-
neva last July.
Mrs Jacobson. who will serve
' as COJO acting chairman, had
been elected a member of the
COJO presidium at the July meet
ing. She is a former president of
Hadassah and is now chairman of
the World Zionist Organization.
American Section. She will retain
that post.
Rob-Kidnap
Attempt Is
Unsuccessful
JERUSALEM tJTA) Three
young Israeli men and a woman
made an unsuccessful attempt ti
rob a Sinai military camp of weap-
ons and kidnap two soldiers.
The four arrived at the Santa
Katherina Youth Hostel in the mid
die of the Sinai Peninsula. They
immediately cased suspicion among
the touiisi< staying at the hostel,
h grew stronger after some
tourists noticed some of their per-
sonal ffects were missing,
TOURISTS complained to the
police station, which is Io
cated in Ofira, Shann el-Sheikn
\ police jeep with one policeman
ind three soldiers rushed to thi
Santa Katherina desert oasis, and
;he four wire detained in a near-
by Army camp.
Two reserve soldiers were guard-
them during the night and be-
fore dawn the four managed to
overcome their guards, took three
submachine guns with them and
the two guards a< hostages and 'he
group disappeared in the jeep.
The Army set road blocks an."
the group was discovered early that
afternoon in a wadi near the
em shore of the Sinai Peninsula.
The general commander of the
southern region. Shmuel Gorodish.
arrived at the *cene and convinced
the kidnappers to turn themselves
in.
T7HEY WERE held at an Army
camp in Beersheba for interrogia
tion.
Police identified them as Halm
Milestein. '.8. of Bat Yam: Michael
Tisdil. 18. of Tel Aviv: and David
Dahan. 22. and Miriam Huber. 20,
both of Rishon LeUion.
Miiestein is known to have a
1 criminal record.
y^^cynmitnitu K^^alendi
at
MONDAY, OCTOBER 8 t
Temple EananuiEl Sister**)* slue* group -12*.m.
Brandeis study group
Temple Beth Israel Men's Club board meeting
Temple Beth Israel Sisterhood Mah Jongg marathon
Coral Springs Auxiliary general meeting 8 p.m.
Blyma Hadassah board meeting
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 9
Brandeis study group
Fort Lauderdale, Bnai B'rith Men's group
Margate Sisterhood general meeting
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 10
Brandeis study group a.m.
Coral Ridge ORT general meeting
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 11
Sukkot
FRIDAY, OCTOBER 12
Sukko
SATURDAY, OCTOBER U
Fort Lauderdale rt nai B rith Women Las Vegas night
Gait Towers
SUNDAY, OCTOBER 14
Temple Sholom Sisterhood barbecue
MONDAY. OCTOBER 15
Temple Emanu-El Sisterhood Study group 10-12 a.m.
Temple Beth Israel Sisterhood general paid-up luncheon
Brandeis study group
Coral Springs Auxiliary fashion show
Armon Hadassah
TUESDAY. OCTOBER 16
Timple Emanu-El Sisterhood board meeting 9:45 a.m.
Masada Bnai B'rith
Temple Sholom Sisterhood genera! meeting
Fort Lauderdale B'nai B rith Women meeting
WEDNESD.'JV. OCTOBER 17
National Council of Jewish Women general meeting^
12:30 p.m.
Wilton .......<>r Women's Club
THURSDAY. OCTOBER 18
Sheminl Aseres
FRIDAY. OCTOBER 19
Simchas Torah

CANDLELIGHT1NG TIME
9 TISHRI 6:27
France Sells
Missiles To
Saudi Arabia
PARIS (JTA) France
and Saudi Arabia have reached a
tentative agreement providing for
the sale of the French made
Crota'e l rattlesnake) ground-to-
air missile to Saudi Arabia.
The aweemenl was reportedly
reached last week during the four
day visit to Rlsd by French De-
fense Minister Robert Galley. Re
liable circle- in France say that
the agreement provides for the
sale of "large quantities" of Cro-
tale batteries. France is already
supplying Crotaie missiles to
l. bya,
THE CROTAI.E is a highly so-
phisticated missile used for low-
flying airplanes. Many observers
here believe that following the
recent rapprochement between
Egypt and Saudi Arabia. King
Faisal intends to transfer part
of the missiles to Egypt where
thev can be used to protect low-
flying planes and the SAM instal
lations at maior Egyptian air-
fields and along the Suez Canal
zone
Reliable sources in Paris add
that Galley alo seems to have
reached a tentative agreement for
the supi iy of 36 Mirage 3E jets.
Preparations are being made at
the French military air base at
Dijon for the arrival of some 40
Saudi pilots and technicians.
The men. who are to be trained
by the French, are due to arrive
early next month. Negotiations
providing for the sale of the
Mirages started last May during
Faisal's visit to Paris.
Religious
Services
FORT LAUDEtDAlB
SETH ISF.ACL (Temple) Conserva-
tive. 7100 W Oakland Park Blvd.
Rabbi Phillip A. LabowiU. Cantor
Maurice Nets.
EMANU-Ei K*i W. Oakland Park
B.vd. Reform. R.bbi Arthur J Ab-
rama. Cantor Jerome Klemar 48
--------
POMPANO BEACH
SHOLOM (.1 amplei. 1S2 SB \ :th Ave.
Conservative. Rabbi Morria A. Skop.
Cantor jamb J. Renzer.
MARGATE
MARGATE JEWISH CENTER. (Con.
aervativei 61C1 NW 9tn St.
FrldH' p in 1 i Mannl Neanwnn
will .. : du '' Max i.allub 'ii
,i. i ,,., ii pi i :,.. : Saturday,
.. nular Sabbath mornltm
CORAi SPRINGS
CORAL SPRINGS HEBREW CON-
GREGATION iReform* 3501 Uni-
veri-y Coral Springs. Rai.r
Max Weitz.
i, in Sahhalh service*
RELIEVE
GAS PAINS
AT
GERALD VOLKSWAGEN
O0 W SUNRISE
tl lAiinfROAU /6T-8B0C
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business the
right way.

*CC *ei Oa*land Part tXrd .
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