The Jewish Floridian of greater Ft. Lauderdale


Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of greater Ft. Lauderdale
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Fred K. Shochet.
Place of Publication:
Miami, Fla


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Fort Lauderdale (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Broward County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Broward -- Ft. Lauderdale


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 3, no. 7 (Apr. 5, 1974)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issue for Jan. 9, 1976 called v.4, no. 27 but constitutes v.5, no. 1; issue for July 7, 1989 called v.18, no. 11 but constitutes v.18, no. 13.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44570954
lccn - sn 00229545
System ID:

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Preceded by:
Jewish Floridian of North Broward

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Full Text
Jewish Flor idian
Volume 19 Number 12
Fort Lauderdale, Florida Friday, June 8, 1990
Price: 35 cents
U.S., Israel
Israeli acting Prime Minister
Yitzhak Shamir and Secretary
of State James Baker have
reaffirmed their commitment
to the Israeli peace initiative,
including the proposal for elec-
tions in the West Bank and
Gaza Strip.
"I am the father of this
plan," Shamir said in an
appearance on the ABC-TV
talk show "This Week with
David Brinkley."
"What I have proposed to
the Arab world, not only to the
Palestinians, is to sit down and
negotiate about all the ques-
tions that separate us from
them," he said.
Baker, who was interviewed
on the CBS-TV program
"Face the Nation," denied
that he had given up on the
Middle East peace process.
MUBARAK MEETS ARAFAT Baghdad Palestine Libera-
tion Organization Chairman Yasir Arafat meets with Egyptian
President Hosni Mubarak to discuss their respective roles in the
Arab Summit in the Iraqi capital. The two men also met in Cairo
earlier to talk over Mubarak's visits to the Soviet Union and
China. Syria and Libya were among three Arab nations
boycotting the Baghdad Summit.
Washington, Jerusalem At Odds
Tens ions Trouble Leaders
There is growing concern in
the American Jewish commun-
ity that increasing tension
between the United States and
Israel could damage the spe-
cial relationship between the
two countries and derail the
Middle East peace process.
Desecration Epidemic
Continuing In Europe
epidemic of Jewish cemetery
desecrations in Europe contin-
ued, the latest reported in Put-
tern, in the province of North
Brabant near the Belgian bor-
Although located in the
Netherlands, the cemetery is
the chief burial ground used by
the Jews of Antwerp, Bel-
The headstones were found
daubed with swastikas.
There has been a wave of
assaults on Jewish cemeteries
since the exceptionally brutal
violation of the ancient Jewish
cemetery in Carpentras, in
southern France, on or about
May 10.
Since then, Jewish burial
grounds have been invaded in
Clichy, a suburb of Paris; in
Nevers, Nantes, and Bethune,
cities in central, western and
northern France respectively;
and in Yerdon, Switzerland.
Jewish gravestones were
overturned in East Germany
and at the concentration camp
memorial in the Unterallgau
region of Bavaria, West Ger-
Arrests have been made in
several of the cases. Most of
the suspects have been
described as Skinheads,
mostly right-wing shaven-
headed youths who harass
Jews and other minorities.
There is also consensus that
as bad as the situation is now,
it could get worse.
Nevertheless, there is hope
among Jewish leaders that the
tensions are temporary and
will be ironed out over time.
The U.S.-Israeli relationship
is "fundamentally solid," and
will "remain intact" Malcolm
Hoenlein, executive director of
the Conference of Presidents
of Major American Jewish
Organizations, maintained.
"The blame is not one
sided," he said. "Israel has
made mistakes, and the United
States has made mistakes.
Both sides have to put it back
on track, and I think both want
Current tension between the
United States and Israel can
be attributed to several fac-
Israel's unwillingness so
far to endorse U.S. proposals
Continued on Page 2
As Rabbis Reform Temples
CCAR Panel Favors Permitting Gays
Qualified gay and lesbian rab-
bis should be allowed to serve
as full-fledged members of the
Reform rabbinate, without dis-
crimination or restrictions, a
panel of Reform rabbis has
The Central Conference of
American Rabbis, an associa-
tion of 1,557 Reform rabbis in
the United States, will con-
sider whether to adopt the
panel's recommendations at
its convention in Seattle June
The committee's report,
some four years in the making,
treads a careful line welcom-
ing gay rabbis and reaffirming
traditional Jewish family val-
ues, in an apparent attempt to
Continued on Page 2
For Israel
Arab Summit
Hikes Fears
Israel found much cause for
concern in the warlike rhetoric
emanating this week from the
Arab summit meeting in Bagh-
In addition to open talk of
military attacks against Israel,
there were calls for coordin-
ated action to stop the immi-
gration of Soviet Jews to
Israel and the administered
The harsh tone of the public
statements appeared to signal
that the hard-line Arab states,
led by Iraq, were gaining
strength over the more mode-
rate forces, led by Egypt,
which have argued that it is in
the Arabs' interest to pursue
the peace process, rather than
the military option.
Tough words also were
directed against the United
States for what the Arabs con-
tend is its uncompromising
support for Israel.
The Arab leaders reportedly
were furious over a 16-page
letter the U.S. State Depart-
ment sent last week to the
Arab League, urging Iraq to
"moderate both its action and
its rhetoric" and refrain from
using "excessively ardent lan-
In recent weeks, Iraqi Presi-
dent Saddam Hussein has
made several statements
threatening war against the
Jewish state. In one case, he
vowed to "destroy half of
Israel" with chemical weapons
Terrorist Attack
Threatens Talks
United States and the Pales-
tine Liberation Organization
may have been propelled by
events into a situation both
would have preferred to avoid.
The 16-month-old U.S.-PLO
dialogue hangs by a thread in
the aftermath of the aborted
attack by heavily armed sea-
borne terrorists on two
crowded Israeli beaches Mav
30. y
Should the dialogue be bro-
ken off, the stalled peace pro-
cess would be no closer to
resuming, and extremists in
the PLO could be seen as
The only casualties of the
beach attack were suffered by
the Palestinian invaders. But
the potential for carnage
among innocent Israeli civili-
ans was immense, which con-
tributed to the shocking
nature of the event.
The United States needed to
make an appropriate response.
Inasmuch as its dialogue
with the PLO was conditioned
on Yasir Arafat's widely pub-
licized November 1988 renun-
ciation of terrorism, the
United States hoped the PLO
leader would deliver an unam-
biguous condemnation of the
beach assault.
But Arafat's statement on
the attack, carried out by the
Palestine Liberation Front, a
PLO constituent, had a half-
hearted ring in Washington.
He refused, moreover, to oust
PLF leader Mohammed (Abul)
Abbas from the 15-member
PLO Executive Committee.
Arafat resorted to the tech-
nicality that Abbas, notorious
Continued on Page 2
News Scene
TORONTO Canadian Jewish leaders
express deep disappointment with a jury's
finding here that Imre Finta is not guilty of
any of eight counts of war crimes charges
for his alleged role in the deportation of
some 8,000 Jews from the Hungarian city
of Szeged in 1944.
JERUSALEM Thousands of supporters
of the ultra-Orthodox Shas party fill Tel
Aviv's Yad Eliahu basketball stadium for a
pre-Shavuot prayer and study assembly.
NEW YORK A Jewish day school in
Damascus are among the overseas projects
that are to receive funds approved last
week by the American Jewish Joint Distri
bution Committee.

Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale/Friday, June 8, 1990
AMSTERDAM (JTA) Between 20 and 30 Soviet Jews
visiting Holland on tourist visas have applied for political
asylum, and more are expected to do so. The Liberal
Congregation in Amsterdam said it has established contact
with the Jewish petitioners and would encourage them to
participate in the activities of the synagogue.
TEL AVIV (JTA) David Goldner, a 41-year-old Israeli
Jew, was sentenced by the Haifa Magistrates Court to four
years in prison, 12 months of it suspended, for the May 12
desecration o* 303 graves in the Haifa Jewish cemeteries of
Kfar Samir and Hof Carmel.
TEL AVIV (JTA) Israel's High Court of Justice
rejected an appeal by convicted spy Mordechai Vanunu
against his 1988 conviction and sentence to 18 years in
prison for spying and treason.
LONDON (JTA) The desecration of one of the oldest
Jewish cemeteries in Poland has been confirmed by the
Institute of Jewish Affairs here. Vandalization of graves-
tones at the cemetery in Lublin occurred in the context of
an intensified anti-Semitic expression attributed to the
growth of democracy and the removal of constraints on
free speech in the formerly authoritarian Polish Commun-
ist society.
Arab Summit
Continued from Page 1
if it contemplated a pre-
emptive strike against Iraqi
weapons installations.
His words this week were
little different, and they set
the tone of the proceedings in
Baghdad, which Hussein per-
sonally hosted.
"If Israel attacks, we will hit
back strongly, and if it uses
weapons of total destruction
against our nation, we will use
against it the weapons of total
destruction which we have,"
Hussein told the heads of the
15 Arab countries participat-
ing in the summit.
Iraq is said to be in the
process of amassing a deadly
stockpile of chemical and bio-
logical weapons. There also
have been reports that Iraq is
building an underground
nuclear reactor to replace the
one destroyed by Israel nine
years ago.
In Washington, the State
Department said that the
words it used previously to
describe Hussein's threats
against Israel could be applied
to his latest remarks. The
department had called the
Iraqi leader's earlier threats to
destroy Israel "irresponsible,
inflammatory and outra-
Hussein's tough stance at
the summit was echoed by
Yasir Arafat, chairman of the
PalestincLiberation Organiza-
tion. In an aggressive speech
at the summit's opening cere-
mony, Arafat seemed to part
with his previous declarations
about making peace with
Arafat also called for the
Arab nations to impose sanc-
tions against countries that
abet the immigration of Soviet
Jews to the Israeli territories.
On Tuesday, the Arab lead-
ers met behind closed doors for
almost three hours to discuss
ways to impede Soviet Jewish
immigration to Israel, includ-
ing Arafat's suggestion to
revive the defense council.
President Hosni Mubarak of
Egypt, the only country to
have diplomatic relations with
Israel, reportedly urged the
Arab states to deliver "a
humane and rational message"
on the immigration question.
Continued from Page 1
for masterminding the Achille
Lauro hijack five years ago,
was "democratically" elected
to the PLO's executive body by
the 400-member Palestine
National Council and could
only be removed by the so-
called parliament in exile.
That response left the
United States with little room
to maneuver.
In Washington, U.S. Secret-
ary of State James Baker said
at a news briefing that he was
not satisfied by PLO explana-
tions of the attack.
"We are not going to be
satisfied until we know every-
thing that we need to know,"
Baker said without elaborat-
ItewishFloridian o
Editor and Publisher
Director of Advertising
Executive Editor
Published Bl-Weefcly
* Main Office & Plant: 120 N.E. 8th St., Miami, Fla. 33132 Phone 1-373-4606 COLLECT
J MWr JTA. Sma Art.. WN8. MEA, AJPA. 4 FPA.
fJcwtofc FlarMiaa Dm N SUBSCRIPTION RATE: 2 Year Minimum $7.50 (Local Area $3.96 Annual)
Friday, June 8,1990
Volume 19
Favor Gays
Continued from Page 1
limit recriminations from more
traditional elements of
But the key paragraph in the
six-page report declares une-
quivocally that "the committee
urges that all rabbis, regard-
less of sexual orientation, be
accorded the opportunity to
fulfill the sacred vocation
which they have chosen."
If the report is adopted by
the full conference at the Seat-
tle meeting, as its sponsors
anticipate, it would make
Reform Judaism one of the
first major Jewish or Christian
religious bodies in the United
States to include acknowl-
edged homosexuals among its
In 1984, the Reconstruction-
ist Rabbinical College adopted
a policy of admitting students
without regard to sexual pref-
erence. The Reconstructionist
Rabbinical Association auto-
matically accepts any graduate
of the college.
The Episcopal and Unitarian
Universalist churches have
also admitted gay clergy.
Nazi Criminals Found Haven in New Zealand
SYDNEY (JTA) New Zealand confirmed that it has
received a list of eight Nazi war criminals who may have
come to the country after World War II. "If there are war
criminals in New Zealand, there will be no hole deep
enough for them to hide in," External Relations Minister
Mike Moore told Parliament when the allegations were
Joint Effort Slated for Power Plants
BEERSHEBA (JTA) Israel and the Soviet Union plan
to work together to produce low-cost, non-polluting power
plants, as part of a pioneering scientific agreement
between the two countries.
Czech Leader Discounts Racism
PRAGUE (JTA) The deputy prime minister of Cze-
choslovakia, Josef Hromadka, is well aware that racism is
often found at the root of a nationalist or religious
resurgence. But he is confident it will not occur in
Czechoslovakia, as democracy and a new national identity
emerge from 40 years of Communist rule.
Cost Of Living Jewishly Escalates
NEW YORK (JTA) The escalating cost of living
Jewishly will require a shift in traditional attitudes toward
synagogue membership fees, tuition tax credits and a
redefinition of the Jewish family if American Jewish life is
going to survive in the next century, academics and Jewish
professionals said here at a recent conference.
Tensions Trouble Leaders Refuseniks'
Exit Gains
15 SIVAN 5750
Number 12
Continued from Page 1
for advancing the Jewish
state's own peace plan.
The Bush administration's
impatience with the long time
it is taking for Israel to form a
government capable of making
major decisions on such issues
as the peace process.
Mistrust and poor personal
chemistry between President
Bush and Yitzhak Shamir, who
heads Israel's caretaker gov-
ernment and is expected to be
prime minister again in the
new government.
Bush's personal feelings of
sympathy for Palestinian
youths being injured or killed
as they engage in anti-Israel
Current tension goes back to
March, when Bush said he was
against Jewish "settlements"
in East Jerusalem. It was the
first time East Jerusalem,
which Israel annexed after the
1967 war, had been mentioned
in such a context.
Although Bush tried to
soothe Israel by stressing that
Jerusalem should not again be
divided, many in Jerusalem
and Washington blamed his
remarks for the collapse of
Israel's unity government.
From the Bush administra-
tion's perspective, the presi-
dent was merely expressing
his longtime opposition to Jew-
ish settlements in the West
Bank, which the United States
considers East Jerusalem to be
part of.
Administration officials said
the president felt he had been
mislead by Shamir when Israel
asserted that only 1 percent of
Soviet Jewish immigrants set-
tled in the West Bank, a figure
that did not include East Jeru-
There is general agreement
that the strong criticism of
Israel in recent weeks is a
result of Bush's sympathy for
the Palestinians he sees
nightly on television being
shot at by Israeli troops.
"This is a President that
watches a great deal of TV
news," said one source in the
pro-Israel community. He said
Bush reacts emotionally to the
pictures he sees from the West
Bank and Gaza Strip.
At a May 24 news confer-
ence, Bush said he was
"deeply troubled" by the loss
of human life, adding, "I think
particularly of children in this
kind of situation."
"There is no Israeli govern-
ment, no political initiative,
nothing to divert people's
attention from the television
image of soldiers dealing with
stone-throwing children,"
observed Martin Indyk, execu-
tive director of the Washing-
ton Institute for Near East
Policy, a think tank that con-
sistently reflects a pro-Israel
"The President is clearly sig-
naling that his sympathy lies
with the Palestinians in these
circumstances," he added.
Jess Hordes, Washington
representative of the Anti-
Defamation League of B'nai
B'rith, said he believes that the
recent tension is a result of the
administration's increased
pressure on Israel.
"To me the most important
thing is for the administration
to back off from what appears
to be a deliberate policy of
pressuring Israel and try to
work more cooperatively."
Soviet Jewry activist Natan
Sharansky believes there is
"no doubt that this year all
refuseniks can leave the Soviet
Union." Sharansky, himself a
former refusenik who spent
almost 10 years in Soviet pris-
ons and labor camps, puts his
faith in the persuasive powers
of the United States, particu-
larly now that U.S.-Soviet
relations have been so
Addressing the Rotterdam
Jewish Community, where he
attended services, Sharansky
said he expected the 200 to 300
Soviet Jewish families still
refused exit visas "will be per-
mitted to go within six or 12
Israel High School
Enrolls Record
Some 240 enthusiastic teen-
agers are attending the Alex-
ander Muss High School in
Israel during the summer ses-
sion, second largest enroll-
ment in its 17-year history.
High School in Israel has
sent more than 7,000 Ameri-
can students to Israel. Eight-
week program, offered five
times throughout the year,
allows students to relive 4,000
years of history at the actual
historic sites.
Australia Acts for Soviet Jews
SYDNEY (JTA) Australian government and opposi-
tion leaders are waging a passionate campaign to urge the
Soviet Union to facilitate the emigration of Soviet Jews by
allowing direct flights from Moscow to Tel Aviv.
N.Y. Public Library Gets Collection
NEW YORK (JTA) A collection of memoirs dealing
with the American Jewish experience and serving as a
primary source of historical and scientific information was
donated this week to the New York Public Library by the
American Jewish Committee.

Friday, June H, lWO/Th<- Jewish KktrMian of Greater Fort Lauderdale Page 3
Local Lumber Company
Supplies Materials To Israel
Bert Rybaczuk, left, General Manager ofChazon Hagalil, and his
wife, Ilene, right, discuss building materials with At Williams,
Causeway Lumber Company International Sales Consultant.
Causeway is supplying building materials for Chazon Hagalil's
housing project on the north shore of the Sea of Galilee in Israel.
A "first" for fifty-one-year-
old Causeway Lumber Com-
pany of Ft. Lauderdale
occurred recently when they
completed the initial shipment
of building materials to a job
site on the north shore of the
Sea of Galilee in Israel. Cons-
isting of about $16,000 worth
of lumber, plywood, doors,
windows, hardware, roofing
materials and insulation, the
shipment is the first of several
for a projected housing devel-
opment and tourist resort for
the handicapped being con-
structed by Chazon Hagalil, a
non-profit U.S. based organi-
Bert Rybaczuk, a Coconut
Creek construction manager,
and his wife, Ilene, an architec-
tural designer, are principals
in Chazon Hagalil (Vision of
the Galilee). The organization
is designing and building a
resort on five acres granted
them by The Jewish Agency
which oversees settlements in
Israel. Designed specifically
equipped for the physically
impaired, it will be Israel's
first with capabilities of host-
ing both handicapped and non-
handicapped tourists. The ulti-
mate plan is to house about 60
Deadline Bulletins
BUDAPEST (JTA) A clear statement condemning
anti- Semitism is expected to be forthcoming shortly from
the Hungarian government, as it already has been conde-
mned by a ranking dignitary of the Roman Catholic Church
here. Bishop Asztrik varszegi denounced anti-Semitism as
"the cancer of our people, of Europe and of the whole
NEW YORK Seventeen Jewish boys and young men in
the Modavian city of Kishinev openly declared their faith in
Judaism by undergoing a brit milah, performed by an
American mohel. The youths had just completed an
intensive monthlong Torah study program in Kishinev. The
seminar and brit were sponsored by Agudath Israel of
SINCE 1871
Purely for drinking.
Celebrates 50th Anniversary
Ex-German Synagogue
Thriving In Sweden
NEW YORK When King
Karl Gustav XVI of Sweden
entertained President Chaim
Herzog of Israel at the Royal
Palace in Stockholm this week,
the kashrut was supervised by
a young Argentine-born rabbi
who came to Sweden from
Israel 10 years ago and stayed
on to assume the pulpit in a
tiny Orthodox synagogue.
The Jeschurun synagogue of
Stockholm originally stood in
Hamburg, Germany, before
the war, although it went by a
different name then.
Fifty years ago, its Holy
Ark, curtains, Torah scrolls,
books, lamps and pews were
dismantled, crated and trans-
ported by sea to a land of
It was the only synagogue
physically removed from Nazi
Germany in 1938 after Kris-
tallnacht, according to Dr.
Manfred Lehmann of Miami
Beach, whose father, Hans
Lehmann, a Swedish Jew of
German origin, was responsi-
ble for the move.
It was "a brand plucked out
of fire," Lehmann told the
Jewish Telegraphic Agency in
a telephone interview from
Nathanya South Chapter of
Women's League for Israel
will present three evenings of
dinner theater:
July 29 Newport A New
Revue; August 26 Royal
Palm Dinner Theater
"Olympus on my mind"
Starring Jan McArt; Decem-
ber 15 Newport A New
Revue. Information, 483-3645.
Mended Hearts
Support Group
The Mended Hearts, a sup-
port group for post heart sur-
gery patients, family and
friends will meet Sunday, June
10, at 2 p.m. at the Florida
Medical Center Auditorium,
5000 West Oakland Park
Blvd., Lauderdale Lakes.
Refreshments, no admission
charge. For information, 484-
'Cabaret Night*
Set, June 9
Lauderdale West Commun-
ity Association No. 1, Inc. will
present "Cabaret Night" with
the Honey Lamb Orchestra on
Sat., June 9 at 7:30 p.m. at
Lauderdale West Center, 1141
N.W. 85th Ave. Plantation.
For information, 473-8219,
Basic Judaism
Classes Offered
The Southeast Region of the
Rabbinical Assembly with
offer a series of classes in basic
Judaism, beginning Wednes-
day, June 6. From 7 to 9:30
p.m. at Temple Beth Am, 9730
Royal Palm Blvd., Margate.
For information 742-4040.
The sanctuary was housed
inside a private building. To
German Jews, it was a
"klaus," or "study house," but
it was used for religious ser-
One of the earliest members
was David Kissinger, grand-
father of former Secretary of
State Henry Kissinger.
The Orthodox community in
Stockholm was always small,
but over the years, a dynamic
community grew around the
transplanted synagogue. It
now has about 100 members, a
Jewish day school and a mik-
This month, Jews and non-
Jews in Stockholm marked the
50th anniversary of Jes-
churun's reopening.
Amit Women Aid
Soviet Aliyah
An oversubscribed free com-
puter training course offered
recently to Russian immi-
grants in Rehovot by Amit
Women is a major feature in
the multi-faceted program
launched by the organization
to promote Jewish immigra-
tion from Russia and to assist
the absorption of new olim.
PLO Suffers
WHO Setback
Palestine Liberation Organiza-
tion and its supporters suf-
fered an overwhelming rebuff
at this year's session of the
World Health Assembly here.
Not only was the PLO's
request for membership in the
World Health Organization
indefinitely mothballed, but a
resolution criticizing Israel for
neglecting the health needs of
the Palestinians in the West
Bank and Gaza Strip was
scarcely a slight, and was the
shortest resolution the confer-
ence ever knew.
Moreover, references to
"Palestine" as a state and to
cooperation with the Palestin-
ian Red Crescent were omit-
Arab states had offered a
resolution that the Red Cres-
cent provide health care to the
Palestinians in the territories,
but Israel does not permit the
Red Crescent to function, on
grounds that it is a front for
the PLO.
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age 4 The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale/Friday, June 8, 1990
Peace Process Still Alive
You might never know it if you read or
watch national news reports, but Prime
Minister Yitzhak Shamir and Secretary of
State James Baker have not given up on
the peace process.
And, again contrary to many columnists
and commentators, American support for
the State of Israel is still fundamentally
In spite of growing sympathy for the
"rights of the Palestinians," both Congress
and the public at large continue to recog-
nize Israel's role as one of the most reliable
allies of the United States.
Shamir continually reminds all that he is
the author of the very peace proposal which
has won endorsement from Egypt and the
Unitfed States and consideration by Jordan
and the PLO.
The fiery Likud leader, who is giving
primary attention to his quest for a govern-
ing coalition without including Labor,
reminded television audiences that Israel's
goal is a fair and just peace.
He and other Israelis finally appear to be
getting over the difference between Israeli
and Arab reactions to the slaying of seven
Palestinians by a deranged Israeli civilian.
On the other side of the ledger, the mass
killing clearly has refueled the intifada just
as the 29-month-old uprising in the territor-
ies appeared to be running out of steam.
And the impatience of the Bush Adminis-
tration with Shamir's hard line against any
inclusion of the PLO in negotiations is only
too evident.
It took a mass outcry by pro-Israeli
groups in the United States to alter a
Baker statement that the U.S. would "con-
sider" a UN observer team in the territor-
ies. Saved from a decision on whether or
not to grant Yasir Arafat a visa by the UN
move to Geneva, the Administration
announced its intention to veto a forced
observer team on Israel.
And the President stuck to his guns in
refusing to waive the Jackson-Vanik
Amendment in the absence of a Soviet
emigration policy which extends freedom
of movement on a permanent basis. Grant-
ing Moscow "Most Favored Nation" status
in trade would have had a chilling effect on
the continued exodus of Soviet Jews.
This might be the time for increasing
pressure on Gorbachev to implement his
government's agreement to direct flights
between the USSR capital and Jerusalem.
With new fighting in Armenia, and with a
rival winning the presidency of the Russian
' Republic, the leader of the Kremlin hier-
archy has more than enough problems at
For Israel and American Jewry, then, a
good offense is still the best defense.
Torn Apart' Film Invokes Tears
about the love between an
Israeli and an Arab is leaving
audiences here teary-eyed and
those involved in its produc-
tion hopeful that love can con-
quer fear and distrust. Based
on the novel, "A Forbidden
Love," by Israeli writer
Chayym Zeldis, "Torn Apart"
tells the story about a love
affair between Ben, an Israeli
soldier, played by Adrian Pas-
dar, and Laila, an Arab
woman, played by Celia Peck.
Message of the film is that
there is a need for peace
there," Peck said. "And that
love can triumph over bitter-
ness and prejudice."
Brothers Danny and Jack
Fisher, producer and director
of "Torn Apart," thought of
making the film after they
were contacted by Zeldis. He
had heard about their earlier
documentary film, "A Genera-
tion Apart," about Holocaust
survivors and their families.


St. John's Hospice
Facts Versus Perceptions
that the emotional storm over
the recent St. John's Hospice
episode has settled down
somewhat, it would be useful
for the future to separate facts
from perceptions or misper-
Two indispensable docu-
ments for that sorting-out pro-
cess are Mayor Teddy Kollek's
letter to Cardinal John
O'Connor of New York, and
ADL National Director Abra-
ham Foxman's article in the
Jerusalem Post, "The Hospice
Dispute: Fact and Fiction.
Both documents establish
the following facts:
Leasing of St. John's
Hospice by 150 right-wing
Jews was not a "conspiracy"
to drive Christians from their
quarter in East Jerusalem.
Muslims have been running
businesses and living in the
Christian Quarter for many
years, without protest.
Moving into that property
during the Christian Holy
Week was condemned by
Mayor Kollek as "a stupid and
reprehensible incident," as it
was by most Israelis and every
major U.S. Jewish organiza-
White Supremacists
Targeted Seattle Temple
members of the white supre-
macist group Aryan Nations,
who were arrested and
indicted this month by a fed-
eral grand jury on charges of
conspiring to bomb a gay disco
here, had also targeted for
bombing a Seattle synagogue.
An FBI affidavit filed in
Seattle reported that in a May
6 conversation intercepted and
recorded by the FBI, Robert
Winslow, 29, of Laclede,
Idaho, stated that he and Ste-
phen Nelson, 35, of Hayden
Lake, Idaho, "wanted to blow
up a Jewish synagogue in Seat-
tle." No specific synagogue
was named in the FBI affi-
As everyone knows, Israeli's
High Court of Justice swiftly
ordered the property vacated.
But contrary to Christian mis-
perceptions, it did not violate
the free access of Christian
pilgrims to the Church of the
Holy Sepulcher on Easter.
More Christians participated
in this year's Easter pilgri-
mages than in other recent
Since 1967, when Israel
reunited Jerusalem, the fact is
that Israel, and particularly
the Jerusalem Municipality
under Mayor Kollek, have
assured complete freedom of
religion and free access to the
Christian holy places.
I have attended receptions
for Christian and Muslim lead-
ers in Jerusalem, and have
seen with my own eyes the
trust and confidence they
place in Kollek. This St. John's
episode is an unfortunate and
foolish irregularity in that
long-established record of reli-
gious liberty.
Both Kollek and Foxman
underscored that no Christian
leaders raised any voices in
protest when Jordan systemat-
ically violated their relilgious
rights prior to 1967. Today, it
seems evident that the exag-
gerated Christian reaction has
more to do with appeasing the
Palestine Liberation Organiza-
tion and Muslim extremists by
demonstrating superpatriot-
ism with the Arab cause than it
has to do with telling the truth
about the real freedoms of
Christians in Israel.
Rabbi Marc H. Tanenbaum is inter-
national relations consultant to the
American Jewish Committee.
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Friday, June 8, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale Page 5
Sephardic Jews In Turkey
Mark 500 Years Of Freedom
historians have suggested that
Christopher Columbus was a
Marrano, a Jew forced to con-
vert to Catholicism in 15th-
century Spain, and that he set
sail for what he thought was
India in an effort to escape the
Spanish Inquisition.
If this is true, then it can
safely be said that thousands
of other Jews who fled Ferdin-
and and Isabella's dominion in
1492 had a much better sense
of direction.
For in the same year that
Columbus discovered the New
World, thousands of Sephardic
Jews fleeing the Inquisition
headed due east and found a
safe haven in the Ottoman
Turkish Empire.
1992z marks the 500th anni-
versary of the arrival of these
Jews, and the Jewish commun-
ity of Turkey is planning a gala
three-year celebration.
Quincentenniai Foundation,
established by the community,
is organizing cultural and edu-
cational events both in Turkey
and abroad to celebrate the
legacy of Turkish Jewry.
Symposia, concerts of Judeo-
Spanish folk music, plays on
Turkish-Jewish history, cont-
ests, exhibits, documentary
films, the restoration of
Byzantine synagogues, the
planting of a commemorative
forest and the setting up of a
Jewish museum are all
planned. There is also an exhi-
bition through June 28 at the
Jewish Museum in New York,
called "In the Court of the
Sultan: Sephardi Jews of the
Ottoman Empire," which
traces the history of the Otto-
man-Jewish experience.
"I think Turkey is the only
country in the world where
Jews have lived for five cen-
turies peacefully and continu-
ously,' said Nairn Guleryuz,
vice president of the Quincen-
tenniai Foundation. Guleryuz
noted that the celebration also
seeks to honor the remarkable
spirit of tolerance the Turks
have shown toward their Jew-
ish compatriots.
"During a time when the
concept of tolerance was not
mentioned or even known, the
Ottoman Empire welcomed
hundreds of thousands of refu-
gees who were strangers to
their language, religion and
In 1492, Sultan Bayezid II
ordered the governors of the
provinces of the Ottoman
Empire "not to refuse the
Jews entry or cause them diffi-
culties, but to receive them
cordially." The edict was
enforced with the threat of
Unlike the Christian nation
states of Europe, Turkey not
only permitted the Jews to
settle in Ottoman lands then
comprising the present-day
countries Iran, Iraq, Syria,
Greece, Turkey, Palestine and
Yugoslavia but encouraged,
assisted and even compelled
them to emigrate.
It was thought that the edu-
cated and financially accom-
plished Jews of Spain could
bring affluence and European
sophistication to the Ottoman
Empire. "The Catholic mon-
arch Ferdinand impoverished
Spain by the expulsion of the
Jews and enriched Turkey,"
the sultan is known to have
For 300 years following the
Inquisition, the prosperity and
creativity of the Ottoman Jews
rivaled that of the Golden Age
of Spain. Istanbul, Izmir,
Safed and Salonika became the
centers of Sephardic Jewry.
There, Jewish literature
flourished. Joseph Caro's Shul-
chan Aruch and Shlomo
Halevi's Lechah Dodi have
become incorporated into mod-
ern Jewish liturgy.
Ottoman Turkey in the 17th
century was also the home of
Shabtai Tvzi, the false Messiah
who converted to Islam.
But the Jewish Renaissance
in Turkey was short-lived. The
Ottoman Empire may have
saved the Sephardic Jews from
physical destruction, but it did
not protect them from the
forces of assimilation.
By the 19th century, much of
the Judeo-Spanish culture that
the Jews had brought over
from Spain, including the
Ladino dialect and music, had
all but disappeared.
"What is most interesting
about the Turkish Jewish
experience is the intermin-
gling of Jewish, Spanish and
Turkish culture and customs,"
said Diane Lerner, assistant
curator of Judaica at the Jew-
ish Museum.
But Lerner contends that
Jews didn't always experience
such tolerance and egalitarian-
ism in Ottoman Turkey.
"There were restrictions
against Jews," she said. "Jews
and Christians were second
class to Moslems. The sultans
issued discriminatory decrees
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It was forbidden, for exam-
ple, for Jews to wear the
sacred color green, and white
was restricted to use in Mos-
lem turbans. Some rabbis
"actually directed their con-
gregants to distinguish them-
selves from non-Jews in their
choice of garments.
"In comparative terms, the
relationship between Jewish
and Moslem Turks was a good
one," said Miriam Russo-Katz,
associate curator in the Leo
and Julia Forchheimer Depart-
ment of Jewish Ethnography
of the Israel Museum, who
researched, collected and
organized the exhibition.
"They lived for many centur-
ies there relatively safely.
There were no pogroms. But
Jews lived in all Arab coun-
tries relatively safely until
Israel was formed. Some
would say that Jews lived
there more safely than Chris-
Katz found that Jewish cul-
ture flourished in the Ottoman
Empire only when the empire
was at its peak in the 16th
and 17th centuries. "Starting
with the 18th century, there
was a decline which continued
until the end of the 19th cen-
tury, and caused social
unrest," she said.
World War I brought to a
final end the glory of the Otto-
man Empire. But even the
young Turkish Republic, with
it secular constitution,
accorded minority rights to the
three principal non-Moslem
religious minorities.
Today, Turkish Jews, num-
bering between 22,000 and
24,000, are virtually indistin-
guishable from non-Jewish
Turks. Western styles of dress
are worn, Turkish is spoken
and private Turkish schools
are attended.
"Moslem customs have been
adopted because they lived
with Moslems," said Katz.
"But this has happened every-
where. It's a natural process.
Wherever Jews live they adopt
the local culture."
But Guleryuz thinks that the
parity between Jews and Mos-
lems in Turkey is more a
reflection of a Turkish humani-
tarian tradition. "There is no
anti-Semitism. Perhaps a few
anti-Semites, but you cannot
control the ideas of everyone
one by one.
"I think 1992 will show what
the Jews and Moslems have in
common. After all, we are cou-
sins. We have more in common
with the Moslems than with
the Christians."
Israel Minister Hammer
Urges Husseini Arrest
Israel's Minister of Religious
Affairs has urged the arrest of
Arab militant Faisal Husseini
for lobbying against Soviet
Jewish immigration to Israel.
Minister Zevulun Hammer,
who is one of the leaders of the
National Religious Party, cal-
led for Husseini's arrest after
Husseini traveled to the Soviet
Union last month and urged
the Soviet authorities to pre-
vent Jews from emigrating.
Labor Split Widening
dership struggle between Yitz-
hak Rabin and Shimon Peres
escalated another notch at a
special session of the Labor
Party's Central Committee in
Tel Aviv.
But a showdown does not
appear imminent.
Rabin, former defense minis-
ter, called on Peres to relin-
quish his dual role as party
chairman and candidate for
prime minister should Labor
regain control of the govern-
Peres, who spoke before
Rabin, made clear he has no
intention of stepping down at
this time.
According to party sources,
Rabin will not move hard to
topple Peres until it becomes
clear whether Prime Minister-
designate Yitzhak Shamir is
able to form a narrow, Likud-
led coalition government.
Meanwhile, Ezer Weizman,
Labor's perennial maverick
dove, charged that Rabin and
Peres both represent discred-
ited policies and should be
replaced by new blood.
He did not offer himself as
an alternative, but at least
four other prominent Labor -
ites have indicated they would
be willing to fill the leadership


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Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale/Friday, June 8, 1990

KIBBUTZ COW: This contented bovine is a recent arrival at the
Reform movement's Kibbutz Lotan, which has launched an
Adopt-a-Cow campaign to go into the dairy business. Lotan, 85
miles north of Eilat, asks sponsors in Israel and abroad to
purchase "cow-shares" for the kibbutz, whose members have
constructed most of the dairy themselves. The kibbutz members,
who serve as hosts for a number of student programs for Reform
groups in the U.S. and other countries, say they are determined
to attain economic selfsuficiency.
Mubarak Committed,
Peres Says
Despite his dire warning about
possible war in the Middle
East, Egyptian President
Hosni Mubarak remains
"firmly committed to the
strategy of peace," Israeli
Labor Party leader Shimon
Peres said in Cairo.
Peres, who met twice with
Mubarak while in Cairo for a
meeting of the Socialist Inter-
national, said the Egyptian
leader told him Israel would be
surprised by the Arab
response if it were more forth-
coming on the peace process.
Peres' remarks to Israeli
correspondents in Cairo went
some way toward easing the
sharp reaction here to threat-
ening remarks Mubarak
reportedly made in an address
to the Socialist gathering.
The leader of the only Arab
cquntry to have a peace treaty
with Israel was quoted as
warning that increased Soviet
Jewish immigration to Israel
could displace the Palestinian
population and lead to war.
Foreign Minister Moshe
Arens said Mubarak's words
linking aliyah with war "can
be seen as a legitimation of
aggression against Israel" by
the Arabs.
Bush Cabinet Member
Lauds Efforts
Health and Human Services
Secretary Louis Sullivan
praised the Jewish commun-
ity's efforts to resettle Soviet
Jews in the United States, as
he officially announced a fed-
eral grant of over $40 million
to the Council of Jewish Feder-
The money, provided under
the Voluntary Agency Mat-
ching Grant program, matches
funds to non-profit agencies
that provide support services
to refugees.
Sullivan said the grant,
which includes funds for reset-
tlement in both 1989 and 1990,
was "the largest matching
grant award that the Office of
Refugee Resettlement has
ever made to a private reset-
tlement agency.'
The Cabinet official had spe-
cial praise for the federation
system's willingness this year
to carry the financial burden of
resettling 8,000 Soviet Jewish
refugees with no federal fund-
ing, covering the full costs of
transportation, medical costs
and resettlement for two years
after they enter the United
Another 32,000 are entering
the country in 1990 with their
costs shared between the fed-
eral government and the fed-
v. .' i a p. .-.cully lobbying
the administration to admit
40,000 fully funded Soviet
Jewish refugees in 1991.
Sullivan told the Jewish Tel-
egraphic Agency that the
request "was under review."
Polish Jews Convene in New York
NEW YORK Dr. Arthur Hertzberg, historian and
author, will be keynote speaker at the national convention
of the Federation of Polish Jews June 10 at the American-
Israel Friendship House here.
Hadassah Study
Milk Stops
Tooth Decay
milk products make teeth
strong, even for someone
addicted to soft drinks, a study
by the Hadassah-Hebrew Uni-
versity dental school has
Researchers, headed by Pro-
fessor Itzhak Gedalia, believe
the calcium and phosphorus
found in milk and hard cheese
are the primary factors in cor-
recting damage to tooth ena-
mel, thereby preventing the
onset of dental decay.
Researchers tested the
effects of milk, hard cheese
and saliva on the hardness of
enamel after patients sipped
cola drinks, which are known
to be hard on teeth, especially
if taken in quantities.
Results showed that the con-
tribution of calcium to bone
and tooth tissue repaired the
damage caused by the enamel-
eating acids found in soft
Pipe Bomb
Hits Capital
elderly Jewish man was fatally
wounded when a small pipe
bomb exploded in the crowded
Machaneh Yehuda fruit and
vegetable market in the center
of Jerusalem.
Ten other people suffered
varying degrees of injuries
requiring hospitalization. Two
of them were reported in seri-
ous condition.
Shimon Cohen, 72, of Jeru-
salem succumbed to his injur-
ies several hours after he was
rushed to Shaare Zedek Hospi-
At least 40 Arabs were
arrested for questioning, in
what the authorities said was
clearly a terrorist act.
Havurah Institute
Slated Aug. 6-13
Nearly 300 men, women and
children from all walks of life,
all ages, and many religious
backgrounds will meet outside
Philadelphia Aug. 6-12 for
study aimed at enabling Jews
to delve the treasures of Jew-
ish knowledge. Registration is
open for the annual Havurah
Summer Institute Harcum
Junior College, in Bryn Mawr,
Editor To Jail
PARIS (JTA) Editor of a
periodical dedicated to the idea
that the Holocaust was a hoax
was sentenced here to three
months in prison.
Alain Guionnet, 36, was
found guilty of "incitement to
discrimination, to racial
hatred, racial violence and
racial defamation." He was
described as given to "obses-
sive" and "delirious diatribes"
against the Jews.
Synopsis Of The
Weekly Torah Portion
. "When thou lightest the lamps, the seven lamps shall give light
in front of the candlestick"
(Num. 8:2).
BEHAALOTEKHA "And the Lord spoke unto Moses, saying:
'Speak unto Aaron, and say unto him: When thou lightest the
lamps, the seven lamps shall give light in front of the candlestick.'
. And this was the work of the candlestick, beaten work of gold;
unto the base thereof, and unto the flowers thereof, it was beaten
work; according unto the pattern which the Lord had shown
Moses, so he made the candlestick" (Numbers 8.1-4). After the
Levites had been purified, they who were between their twenty-
fifth (Numbers 8.24) and their fiftieth years, came to the tent of
meeting to take the place of the first born in the holy service. In
the second year after the Israelites had departed from Egypt,
they observed the Passover festival on the 14th day of the first
month, Nissan. Those who having touched a corpse were deemed
impure, were required to wait a month to observe the festival. On
the 20th day of the second month, the cloud rose from the
tabernacle, and the children of Israel journeyed from mount
Sinai, each tribe grouped around its standard, three days'
distance behind the Ark. At this time, the Israelites began
burdening Moses with their complaints. To ease the burden, 70
elders, on whom Moses' spirit rested, were delegated to serve
under him.
(The recounting of the Weekly Portion of the Law is extracted and
based upon "The Graphic History of the Jewish Heritage," edited by
P. Wollman-Tsamir, published by Shengold. The volume is available
at 45 West 45 Street, New York, NY 10036 (212) 2464911.)
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Friday. June 8..199QfThe Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale Page 7
Yarmulkes, Hats Both Modern, Traditional
Jewish Floridian Slaff Writer
Holy Batmobile! It's a bird,
it's a plane,'s Super-
Need a yarmulke? Who ya'
gonna call? Ghostbusters?!
As the 21st century dawns,
traditional head coverings,
known as yarmulkes or kippot,
are reaching new dimensions.
This is evident at Torah
Treasures, the Judaica store
on South Beach which has one
of the largest selections of
yarmulkes around.
Tables there display 72
square feet of yarmulkes, and
while the traditional versions
of basic black are still popular,
designer headwear is compet-
ing for its share of the market.
Some of the recent entries
into the yarmulke market: Bat-
man and Robin, Superman,
Ghostbusters, Miami Heat and
Miami Dolphins.
Some feature palm trees or
carry slogans such as "No Way
Man!" and "Hey Dude." There
are tie-die, gold lame and plaid
Even the traditional leather
yarmulkes now come in a rain-
bow of pastels: mauve, pink,
powder blue, azure, peach, red
and brown.
Store owner Aryeh Zak pre-
fers to wear the large basic
black terelin yarmulke himself,
but says even some local
yeshiva students are opting for
the trendier versions.
Head coverings date back to
biblical times even though it is
not referred to explicity in the
Torah. But strong customs
throughout Jewish history
have required men to wear
head coverings as a sign of
modesty before G-d, as women
cover their heads as a sign of
modesty before man.
On South Beach, where
many elderly Jews live, the
men especially wear neither
yarmulke nor hat, but opt for a
simple cap, usually with the
rim pulled over the forehead.
Some Jews prefer these caps
as a more discreet way of
covering their heads. One man
who is employed by the city of
Miami Beach, prefers to wear
a cap during the day rather
than the more obvious yar-
Still, says South Beach
Rabbi Ralph Carmi, the
motives for the caps are not
exactly clear.
"Years ago you could iden-
tify a religious Jew by a beard.
Today everybody has a beard."
As for caps, "some feel more
comfortable with a cap, some
will wear it just for the sun."
But having the Flinstones
covering the head must be a
first, if not purely American
Still, 14-year-old Mendy
Wuensch, a student at. the
Lubavitch yeshiva on Miami
Beach, opts for the basic black
or blue with a subtle design,
usually of religious signifi-
"Students don't wear
leather or knit. It's considered
bummy," he says.
On top of the yarmulkes,
Mendy and his classmates fol-
low the Lubavitch Hassidim
custom of also wearing black
hats starting at their bar mitz-
vah. That's when a boy
becomes a man.
"Tefillin is the actual (rite of
passage)," says Mendy. "The
hat and jacket just come along
with it.
At Roland Your Hatter in
downtown Miami, which has
been selling all kinds of hats
for over 50 years, the former
owner, who identified himself
only as Irving, shakes his head
at the thought of selling any-
thing but a classical hat to a
traditional Jew.
"Ninety percent of them I
can't give a modern hat to,"
says Irving. "They've got their
ways and that's what they
If there's any difference at
all, says Irving, it's that they
seek hats with wider brims.
The color remain the same.
"Always black. Always black.
Always black," says Irving.
Young Jewish students have
sometimes become the butt of
mean jokes because of their
religious adherence, but at
least some students in a New
York yeshiva have learned to
respond: "I wear a kipa to
cover up the surgical scars
from when my horns were cut
White Supremacists
Targeted Seattle Temple
members of the white supre-
macist group Aryan Nations,
who were arrested and
indicted this month by a fed-
eral grand jury on charges of
conspiring to bomb a gay disco
here, had also targeted for
bombing a Seattle synagogue.
An FBI affidavit filed in
Seattle reported that in a May
6 conversation intercepted and
recorded by the FBI, Robert
Winslow, 29, of Laclede,
Idaho, stated that he and Ste-
phen Nelson, 35, of Hayden
Lake, Idaho, "wanted to blow
up a Jewish synagogue in Seat-
tle." No specific synagogue
was named in the FBI affi-
Often, a particular group of
Jews will wear a hat similar to
that worn by their leader or
Most Hassidim such as Sat-
mar or Ger, wear streimels or
spadicks. A striemel is made
mostly of mink tails or other
animal tails. They usually are
made of some 13 to 14 pieces.
The spadicks' are made of one
piece of fur.
According to Hasidic Rabbi
Armin Grosz of Miami Beach,
the streimel originated around
the 1600s when Russian rulers
made Jews wear an animal tail
on their head as a sign they
were Jews.
Hasidic rabbis decided to
make a design garment out of
it, Grosz said, to make the
statement: "You tell me to
wear one, I'll wear 13."
A streimel is usually pur-
chased for a new groom by his
father-in-law as a wedding pre-
sent. But high prices are mak-
ing them more difficult to
come by nowadays, says
Grosz. The cheapest streimel
today costs between $500 and
$600 and prices now reach
At Zak's shop, yarmulkes
range from 25 cents for the
unlined variety that usually
sell in bulk for occasions such
as bar mitzvahs to $16 for the
hand-knit kind.
Jews, indeed, are a people of
many hats.
72 square feet of yarmulke displays.
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Special Projects
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The Jewish National Fund's Wl-Free number
ix your connection to the afforestation of Israel!
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lor write: 7771 W. Oakland Park Blvd Suite 217, Ft Lauderdale FL 333S1
One ot the grcal
motivating forces in my lile
is uniqueness. As an actress
uniqueness is important.
because acting is more than
just mlc-playing It
requires being able to
expose a quality that is
uniquely you
In other areas ot my life.
I kx* for uniqueness E- ven
in my decaffeinated cot lee
Sanka* Brand Decaffeinated
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can he a challenging mlc in
a new play. >r something as
simple as relaxing with a cup
of Sanka* Uniqueness
there arc so ^
many ways to \A\
emoy it!


Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale/Friday, June 8, 1990
With the newAIKTReach OutVforldPlan,
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Average savings based on a 10 minute off peak phone call when compared to ATM" Internaiional Long Distance rales Savings differ from counirv lo country
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