The Jewish Floridian of greater Ft. Lauderdale


Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of greater Ft. Lauderdale
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Fred K. Shochet.
Place of Publication:
Miami, Fla


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Fort Lauderdale (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Broward County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Broward -- Ft. Lauderdale


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 3, no. 7 (Apr. 5, 1974)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issue for Jan. 9, 1976 called v.4, no. 27 but constitutes v.5, no. 1; issue for July 7, 1989 called v.18, no. 11 but constitutes v.18, no. 13.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44570954
lccn - sn 00229545
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Preceded by:
Jewish Floridian of North Broward

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Full Text
Volume 19 Number 8
Fort Lauderdale, Florida Friday, April 13, 1990
Price: 35 cents
After Hussein Threatens Destruction
Iraqi Branded War Criminal
Israel branded Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein a war crimi-
nal and said it was "high time"
the civilized world banded
together to thwart his "crimi-
nal designs."
The statement, issued by
Foreign Ministry spokesman
Yossi Amihud, was Israel's
official response to Hussein's
threat earlier that Iraq pos-
sesses advanced chemical
weapons that could destroy
"half of Israel."
"I swear to God we will let
our fire eat half of Israel if it
tries to wage anything against
Iraq," Hussein was quoted as
saying in a nationally broad-
cast speech in Baghdad.
Former Defense Minister
Yitzhak Rabin called the Iraqi
leader "arrogant" and "boast-
ful," and said he was "actually
challenging the entire world."
"Israel is strong, and Iraq is
not beyond its powerful strike
capability," said Rabin, one of
the 11 Labor ministers who
resigned from the Likud-led
government March 13.
The Foreign Ministry's
statement stressed that "the
fact that Iraq boasts with
impunity about its murderous
chemical weapons and that it is
proud of its capacity to commit
crimes against humanity," is a
"reminder of the threat with
which Israel is faced."
In Washington, State
Department spokeswoman
Margaret Tutwiler called Hus-
sein's remarks "irresponsible,
inflammatory and outra-
She added that "nobody
should be trumpeting chemical
The Israeli statement
accused Iraq of "using univer-
sally banned chemical weapons
against innocent civilians and
its own citizens" in the recent
The reference apparently
was to the use of poison gas by
Iraq during its eight-year war
with Iran, including alleged
use of the lethal weaDons
7,300 Arrive In Month
As Flights Resume
Hungarian state airline Malev
has resumed flights to Tel
Aviv, bringing Soviet Jewish
immigrants to Israel.
The first Malev flight from
Budapest since last month
landed at Ben-Gurion Airport
this week, Israel Radio
reported. It was followed later
in the day by an El Al flight
from the Hungarian capital
also carrying immigrants.
In New York, meanwhile,
the National Conference on
Soviet Jewry reported Monday
that at least 7,300 Jews emi-
grated from the Soviet Union
with Israeli visas in March, of
whom more than 99 percent
went to Israel.
The number of Soviet Jews
who emigrated on U.S. visas is
not yet known, but is believed
to be small.
The March figure reflects a
steady increase in Jewish emi-
gration since the beginning of
the year. A total of 4,713
Soviet Jews emigrated in Jan-
uary, and another 5,788 left
the country in February.
According to unofficial
sources here, 65 percent of
Soviet Jews coming to Israel
travel via Budapest. The num-
ber of new arrivals is not
PLO Puts 11,000
Fighters In Lebanon
Beirut Palestine Liberation Organization forces in
Lebanon have completed war games and brought their
military strength in Israel's northern neighbor to 11,000
men. This is a third more than the PLO could put into
battle before Israel's 1982 incursion forced the Palestin-
ian armed troops out of Lebanon.
At the same time, hard line factions pressed for an
immediate resumption of terrorist attacks against the
Jewish State. Others said the military strikes should not
renew until the peace talks centered on Palestinian
elections collapse completely.
Chairman Yasir Arafat has pledged to renew the
assaults on Israel if the negotiations backed by the
United States and Egypt fail. But Ahmed Jabril, leaders
of the General Command of the Popular Front for the
Liberation of Palestine said Arafat should resign now
because of the "obvious failure of his recognition of
announced for security rea-
Malev abruptly halted the
transport of Soviet Jewish
emigres to Israel last month,
following threats by the Isla-
mic Jihad for the Liberation of
Palestine of terrorist attacks
on aircraft and airports.
The airline has now restored
regular flights, but has not yet
implemented an agreement to
start special charter flights
carrying Soviet Jews to Israel.
Sources here credited U.S.
pressure on the Hungarian
government to influence its air
Nan Rich
Nan Rich of Miami, was
elected vice president of the
National Council of Jewish
Women (NCJW) at the organi-
zation's 38th National Conven-
tion in St. Louis.
Rich, immediate past chair-
woman of the National
Affairs/Community Services
Commission, also serves on the
advisory panel of NCJW's
National Family Day Care
Project and on the advisory
board of Home Instruction
Program for Preschool Young-
In addition, she serves on
the executive committee of the
National Jewish Community
Relations Advisory Council.
Recently, she represented
NCJW at the national confer-
against its own Kurdish popu-
"It is high time for the civil-
ized world to act in unity and
see to it that Saddam Hussein
will not find it possible to
pursue his irresponsible and
criminal designs,' the Israeli
statement concluded.
But Jerusalem also sought to
calm tempers.
"Israel has no aggressive
intentions against anyone,"
said Avi Pazner, press spokes-
man for Yitzhak Shamir, the
caretaker prime minister.
Rabin, speaking on Israel
Radio, called Hussein's threat
to destroy half of Israel "non-
Moscow May Issue
300,000 Visas
year, Israeli consular officials
here expect to issue more than
300,000 entry visas to Soviet
Jews wishing to make aliyah.
But only about half of them
will make it to the Promised
Land before the year's end.
That's still an enormous
number, compared to past
years, when the vast majority
of Jews leaving the Soviet
Union chose destinations other
than Israel as their new
homes. But it is significantly
less than the total potential
The reason for the gap
essentially boils down to this
new reality: While it is easier
than ever before to obtain per-
mission to emigrate, it is har-
der than ever to leave the
It is difficult, if not impossi-
ble, to get a visa to come to the
United States as a refugee any
time in the near future, unless
one has immediate family
already living in America.
Officials at the American
Embassy here estimate that
they have distributed half-a-
milfion applications to Soviet
citizens since Oct. 1, 200,000
of which have been returned to
the embassy and forwarded to
Washington for processing.
But since the current quota
on refugees from the Soviet
Union stands at 50,000 per
year, most of these applicants
face a long wait.
They could come to the
United States as "parolees."
Continued on Page 2
JERUSALEM Three army reserve
officers in the midst of a hunger strike for
electoral reform receive encouragement
from President Chaim Herzog.
SAN FRANCISCO Ten members of the
Congressional Black Caucus have backed
off from their proposal to divert U.S. aid
now going to Israel to developing nations
in Africa and the Caribbean.
JERUSALEM Israel's National Council
for Planning and Construction begins
deliberations on a multimillion-dollar pro-
ject to construct Voice of America radio
transmitters in the Arava region of the
Negev. Israeli entrepreneurs are expected
to be the chief beneficiaries if the project is
TEL AVIV Israel and Bulgaria, soon to
resume diplomatic relations, have run into
a snag in setting up flights between the
two countries. Israel is concerned with
security arrangements at the international
airport in Sofia, the Bulgarian capital.

Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale/Friday, April 13, 1990

Labor Claims New Coalition
aura of mystery and tension
hung over the Labor, Party's
announcement that it had
succeeded in forming a new
coalition government.
Labor Party leader Shimon
Peres formally notified Presi-
dent Chaim Herzog and asked
Knesset Speaker Dov Shi-
lansky to call the 120-member
legislative body out of recess
for a vote of confidence.
Peres' formal notification
was delivered to Herzog by
Dalia Goren, secretary of
Labor's Knesset faction. A
Shimon Peres
copy went to Shilansky, who
said he would consult with
Attorney General Yosef Har-
ish about convening the Knes-
But apart from those brief
announcements, no hint was
given of where Labor found
the votes needed to break the
60-60 Knesset deadlock that
has prevailed since the Likud-
Labor unity government col-
lapsed under Labor's no-
confidence motion March 15.
Peres and his colleagues
were especially tight-lipped.
Observers had the impression
that the situation is volatile
and nothing definite can be
known before the Knesset con-
Pundits, meanwhile, focused
on five former members of
Likud's Liberal Party wing
who defected last month to
form a separate Knesset fac-
Their leader, Yitzhak Moda'i
and his colleague, Avraham
Sharir, were reported to have
cast their lot with Labor. The
three others reportedly
decided to return to the Likud
Moda'i has been engaged in
intensive negotiations in
recent days with Peres and
separately with Likud leader
Yitzhak Shamir.
Political observers do not
rule out the possibility that
other Knesset members associ-
ated with the Likud-led bloc
may have secretly switched
their support to a Labor-led
Baker Softens Position On Jerusalem Settlement
Congress has taken a strong
lead on the issue of Jewish
rights in a united Jerusalem,
while the Bush administration,
which has waffled on the mat-
ter for the past month,
appears now to concur, at least
in part.
The House Foreign Affairs
Committee unanimously
approved a resolution reaf-
firming Congress' view that
Jerusalem must remain the
undivided capital of Israel.
It is virtually assured of pas-
sage on the floor.
The resolution, introduced
by Rep. Eliot Engel (D-N.Y.),
closely resembled the non-
binding resolution unani-
mously adopted by the Senate,
where it was introduced by
Daniel Moynihan (D-N.Y.).
Secretary of State James
Belgian Foreign Minister
Says Time Running Out
West is "losing patience" with
Israel's handling of its conflict
with the Palestinians, Belgian
Foreign Minister Mark
Eyskens told a Jewish maga-
zine here.
He expressed hope that "the
moderates in both camps will
prevail over the extremists
and hawks," but added that
"we have the impression that
time is working against the
Eyskens, quoted in an inter-
view published in "Regards,"
an organ of the Jewish Secular
Center, said that "the Arab
leaders tell us that the mode-
rates in the Palestinian camp
have difficulty remaining mod-
"It's obvious that in the
West, one does not always
comprehend too well the posi-
tions of the Israeli govern-
ment's Likud component," the
foreign minister noted.
He added that "without
interfering in the affairs of a
friendly country, I see that
Western Europe as well as the
United States are losing some
Asked about Belgium's posi-
tion, the foreign minister said
his country supports Israel's
right to exist and to have
secure, recognized borders.
"But we think at the same
time that the Palestinian peo-
ple has the same right to exist
and that one must find a for-
mula for peaceful co-existence
and eventually for coopera-
tion," he said.
British Magnate Expands Ownership
TEL AVIV (JTA) British press magnate Robert
Maxwell has tightened his grip on Ma'ariv, Israel's second-
largest daily newspaper. He increased his share of the mass
circulation afternoon tabloid from the one-third he acquired
last year to 45 percent.
jewishFloridian o

Fred Shochet
Editor and Publisher
Executive Editor
Director ot Advertising
.r PublisnMtJ Bi-Weekly
Main Oftice & Plant: 120 N 6th St., Miami, Fla 33132 Phone 1-373-4405 COLLECT
Mcatter JTA. Son Art.. WNS. NEA. AJPA. ud PPA.
Jcwuh Kloridiu Dom No! GuruMt Kuhreth of M*rrhu4iw AdnrtiM*.
SUBSCRIPTION RATE 2 Year Minimum $7.90 (Local Area $3 96 Annual)
Baker, meanwhile, has sof-
tened an earlier administra-
tion position by asserting that
Jews have a right to live any-
where in East or West Jerusa-
Baker stated his view in a
March 16 letter to Rep. Mel
Levine (D-Calif.), which was
released over the weekend.
"I am also well aware of the
great significance which Jeru-
salem has for the Jewish peo-
ple, as well as for the people of
all religions," Baker wrote.
"Clearly, Jews and others
can live where they want, East
or West, and the city must
remain undivided," Baker said
in the letter.
His words were warmly wel-
comed by the Conference of
Presidents of Major American
Jewish Organizations, the
umbrella organization of Jew-
ish leaders.
Hadassah Aids Blind Kenyans
NEW YORK Six hundred blind men, women and
children in a remote section of the African nation of Kenya
will see some for the first time after a unique
expedition, in April, by eye surgeons from Hadassah-
Hebrew University Medical Center in Jerusalem. The
doctors will perform free eye operations on blind sufferers
of cataracts, retinal detachment and other eye diseases.
Continued from Page 1
ence of the Association of
Child Advocates. Ms. Rich is a
past co-chairwoman of the
Florida State Public Affairs
Committee and a past Presi-
dent of the Greater Miami Sec-
She is a member of the board
of directors of the Greater
Miami Jewish Federation,
chairwoman of the Dade
County Governor's consti-
tuency for Children, and a
member of the board of direct-
ors of Temple Beth Am.
Rich received her education
at the University of Florida,
and is the recipient of the
NCJW Hannah G. Solomon
Award and the "Woman of
Valor" Award from American
Friends of Hebrew University.
Established in 1893, the
National Council of Jewish
Women is active, through com-
munity service and education,
in priority areas of women's
issues, Jewish life, aging, chil-
dren and youth, Israel and
constitutional rights.
2 Israeli Arms Firms
Make Largest List
PARIS (JTA) Two Israeli
firms are among the 100 lar-
gest arms exporters in the
Western world, according to a
study released here by the
Stockholm-based International
Peace Research Institute.
It ranks the government-
owned Israel Aircraft Indus-
tries 58th and Koor Industries
94th on the list, which is
headed by such American
giants as Mcdonnell Douglas,
Lockheed and General Dyna-
Direct Flights May Start
From Ethiopia To Israel
Friday, April 13, 1990
Volume 19
Number 8
Ethiopian government is dis-
cussing an agreement between
El Al and Ethiopia's national
air carrier to facilitate direct
flights to bring Ethiopian Jews
to Israel.
Kassa Kabede, a ranking
Ethiopian official now visiting
Israel, told a news conference
here that his government con-
siders the reunification offam-
ilies to be among the highest
humane endeavors.
Kabede, a special adviser to
President Mengistu Haile Mar-
iam of Ethiopia, said he sug-
Continued from Page 1
But most Soviet Jews reject
this option, since it means
foregoing U.S. financial assis-
tance-and the right to become
an American citizen. (There
are bills presently before Con-
gress to enable parolees the
opportunity to become citi-
zens, and there is no opposi-
tion to the various measures.)
Most Jews eager to leave the
Soviet Union understandably
have chosen to make aliyah.
But while they will not encoun-
ter any Israeli quota, they can
expect long delays in leaving
the country.
gested to Prime Minister Yitz-
hak Shamir and Foreign Minis-
ter Moshe Arens that their
countries establish joint teams
of social workers to locate fam-
ily members and facilitate unif-
Ethiopia was one of the
many black African nations
that broke diplomatic relations
with Israel after the 1973 Yom
Kippur War. The two coun-
tries resumed ties only last
Prior to that, the Jewish
population in Ethiopia was
reported to have been politi-
cally harassed, in addition to
suffering from famine and the
ravages of civil war.
In the winter of 1984-85,
some 10,000 Ethiopian Jews
were secretly air-lifted to
Israel from Khartoum in
neighboring Sudan by a round-
about route. The clandestine
movement, known as "Opera-
tion Moses," was halted by the
Sudanese authorities after it
was leaked to the news media.
Nevertheless, about 15,000
Ethiopian Jews were living in
Israel in 1986.
Join the Fitness Crow
Includn Evry Sp* 4 Retort Fmcility

Friday, April 13, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale Page 3
30 Olim On Late-Night
Matzah Shift
Lev Dvorkind, who immi-
grated to Israel from the
Soviet Union in January, is one
of 30 Soviet new immigrants
working the night shift at the
Rishon Le Zion Matzah Com-
pany to meet the seasonal
demand for matzah.
Ironically, Lev Dvorkind did
not have enough matzah last
Passover in Leningrad to feed
his family for the entire eight-
day festival. And in previous
years he was unable to procure
any matzah at all. This year
there will be no shortages.
"My grandparents used to
bake their own matzah," says
Dvorkind, who is an engineer
by profession. "It feels very
good to be here in Israel, and
though this is hard, sometimes
boring work, there is a tremen-
dous satisfaction for us in it."
Like their ancestors who
fled Egypt and were forced to
take unleavened bread in their
haste, the 30 newcomers from
the Soviet Union employed by
the matzah factory in Rishon
Le Zion have little time on
their hands. In the mornings
they study Hebrew at ulpan.
After doing their homework,
they toil at the matzah factory
from four in the afternoon to
one o'clock in the morning.
"This is like a dream come
true," says Larissa Grush-
kova, a nurse from Moldavia
who has been in Israel for five
months. "If you'd have told me
last Passover that this year I
would be in Israel, I wouldn't
have believed it. If you'd have
said that I'd be working in a
matzah factory I'd have said
that you were crazy."
Grushkova's family in Mol-
davia used to arrange a seder
every Passover. But many like
Edward Kushman, a building
technician from the Ukraine
who came to Israel four
months ago, have never partic-
ipated in a seder. "Now we can
live like real Jews," he asserts.
"I'm very excited about being
able to celebrate Passover. It
will be a very special occa-
As the new immigrants
speak, the conveyor belts of
the Rishon Le Zion Matzah
Company roll incessantly on.
Stacking and packing the
crisp, freshly baked produce,
these Soviet Jews who came to
Israel in Operation Exodus
clearly take profound pride in
their assignments even though
it is menial work for most of
them who are academics and
CJF Conducting Jewish Census
NEW YORK The Census
Bureau has begun conducting
the bicentennial (21st decen-
nial) census of the United
States. At the same time, the
Council of Jewish Federations
completed the first of two
stages in carrying out its 1990
National Jewish Population
Purpose of this historic Jew-
ish survey, established as a
result of resolutions passed by
the Conference on the Demo-
graphy of the Jewish People in
Jerusalem in October, 1987, is
to examine the universe of
"Jewish" and "Jewish Affili-
ated" people across the U.S.
and create a database for anal-
ysis and future comparison.
This Jewish data collection
process is important in that
the U.S. Census has never
recorded religious affiliations,
and there has not yet been any
organized research conducted
to yield this 'census' type data
for Jews on a nationally repre-
sentative basis.
Herzog Rebukes
Rabbi Schach
"I can never remember
employing such highly moti-
vated factory workers,"
observes manager Baruch
Berko. "They are model
employees with a marvelous
work ethic. They are punctual,
well disciplined and honest."
Like all temporary workers
in the factory, the Soviet immi-
grants are paid $5 an hour for
their pains. This provides a
useful additional income to
supplement the money they
receive from the Jewish
Agency and the Israeli govern-
ment. All the immigrants are
living in rented apartments in
Rishon Le Zion as part of the
direct absorption process,
funded by UJA's Operation
"We are working here for
much more than money,"
stresses Ari Sharpnik, an elec-
tronics engineer from Lenin-
grad who arrived in Israel six
weeks ago, "though the money
is very welcome indeed. But
more than that, baking matzah
makes us feel that we are real
Jews once again. It is like
becoming reacquainted with
an old friend whom we have
not seen for a long time."
Questions Prayer
Breakfast Letter
The head of the American
Jewish Congress' Commission
on Law and Social Action,
Richard Wolfson, and Director
Mark Freedman believe that
State Sen. John Grant's letter
asking lobbyists to contribute
funds to the Governor's Lead-
ership Prayer Breakfast
treads painfully close to the
line separating church from
Grant's letter asks lobbyists
to contribute $500 to the
breakfast. It is written on sta-
tionery that carries the seal of
the Florida State Senate.
dent Chaim Herzog, during his
monthly radio chat, obliquely
rebuked Rabbi Eliezer Schach,
who had declared the kibbutz
movement outside the Jewish
fold because its members do
not observe religious practi-
Herzog coupled a forceful
defense of the kibbutzim and
their contribution to Israel's
defense with a renewed appeal
for electoral reform in Israel.
A new electoral system is
needed, he said, to replace a
failing setup where small reli-
gious parties hold the balance
of power and exert dispropor-
tionate political influence.
The presidents' remarks
incurred the wrath of the
strictly Orthodox, although he
mentioned no individuals or
parties by name.
But the polemic against all
non-religious Jews and kibbut-
zim in particular is fresh in
mind and has drawn sharp
reactions from other promi-
nent Israelis across the politi-
cal spectrum.
Herzog's rebuke was coun-
tered by Shas Minister of
Immigration and Absorption
Yitzhak Peretz, who accused
the president of "polarization"
and alienating a large section
of the community.
Avraham Ravitz, head of
Degel's two-man Knesset fac-
tion, demanded that Herzog
Herzog, whose father was
chief rabbi of Ireland, is a
former Israel Defense Force
general and former Israeli
ambassador to the United
As president^ a prestigious
but largely ceremonial office in
Israel, Heraog. normally avoids
public commentary on contro-
versial issues. But he is known
to be deeply troubled by divi-
siveness in Israeli society and
the repeated political crises.
Five governments have fallen
since he took office seven
years ago.
Racism Resolution
Repeal Studied
The Bush administration, key
senators and Jewish groups
have vowed to explore possible
ways to repeal the 1975 U.N.
resolution equating Zionism
with racism.
At a rare hearing of the
Senate Foreign Relations sub-
committee on Near Eastern
and South Asian Affairs, a
senior U.S. official said the
United States has "called on
the Arab world to repudiate
the odious line that Zionism is
The hearing the subcom-
mittee's first in 1990 was
devoted to a discussion of a
sense-of-the Senate resolution
introduced Jan. 31 by Sen.
Rudy Boschwitz (R-Minn.),
which calls on the U.N. Gen-
eral Assembly to repeal the
rtbuiuiioii. A similar version
had been introduced in the
House on Jan. 23 by Rep. Bill
Green (R-N.Y.).
The official, John Bolton,
assistant secretary of state for
international organizations,
noted that in recent years, the
United States and Israel felt
that "the time was not oppor-
tune to seek reversal."
Bolton did not provide any
timetable for requesting a vote
for repeal except to say that
"now is the time to reassess
the situation."
He said that the United
States is consulting with the
35 countries that joined it in
opposing the resolution in
1975. In addition, it is consult-
ing with governments that
voted for the resolution "but
which have subsequently
acquired new governments
and new thinking," Bolton
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Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale/Friday, April 13, 1990
True Festival of Freedom
Festival of Freedom.
That designation for Passover has not
been as timely since the original Exodus
brought our ancestors to Eretz Israel.
On the eve of Pesach, the modern Exodus
of Jews from the Soviet Union and from
Ethiopia brings olim to the State of Israel
in numbers not seen since the early years of
the Jewish State.
With the full cooperation of the govern-
ment in Addis Ababa, the sometimes for-
gotten Jews who have maintained their
traditions and culture in Abyssinnia
against all odds are climbing aboard direct
flights from the Ethiopian capital.
It is not quite as easy for the vanguard of
hundreds of thousands of Soviet Jews, for
the USSR continues to ban direct flights
from Moscow to Tel Aviv.
But the newly free nations of Eastern
Europe are filling the void, and planes land
at Ben Gurion airport with immigrants
from transfer points in Hungary, Romania,
Poland and Finland.
While the Ethiopian Jews seem more
motivated in their journey to Israel, the
Soviet arrivals bring a welcome mix of
engineers, physicians, academicians, fac-
tory workers and retirees to Israel.
With a surprising majority of the Russian
olim opting for direct absorption, Israel's
ability to take in the massive wave of Soviet
Jews is strengthened. Only the success of
the various fund raising campaigns for
Exodus II remains necessary to insure
their integration into the nation's economy
and society.
Passover's meaning was never better
emphasized than in the dramatic accep-
tance of thousands of new immigrants into
Israeli homes for the Seders which mark
the start of the Passover around the globe.
The eternal message that Jews are their
brothers' keepers, this year is far more
than a passage from the Haggadah.
As we prepare to eat the Matzoh of Hope,
we are reminded that just as it is we who
were brought out of ancient Egypt, it also
is we who are on those planes from Hun-
gary, Poland and Ethiopia.
Happy Passover.
'Mission 1000' Return
Greater Miami welcomes home its
hundreds of delegates whose "Mission
1000" was a demonstration of the solidar-
ity of our community with the State of
Their unusual joint journey already has
resulted in much favorable press for local
Jewry's role in helping Israel meet the
challenges of the intifada, its increased
immigration and an ongoing economic cri-
If their enthusiasm translates into lead-
ership and action for 1990, every goal of
the mission shall have been achieved.
Mount Sinai Merits Support
Mount Sinai Medical Center's leadership
in medical treatment, research and teach-
ing has received community support consis-
tent with its national esteem.
The $18.6 million pledged and the launch-
ing of a $50 million capital funds campaign
established new standards in Greater
Miami hospital fund raising.
Additional community support will guar-
antee Mount Sinai's high level of compet-
ence and caring.
Islamic Fanatics Threaten
All Air Travel
pose a group of Italian or Irish
immigrants wanted to come to
the United States, mainly for
repatriation with their fami-
lies. And suppose a group of
American extremists declared
they would not let them into
this country because the
United States belonged to
And further, suppose the
American extremist said that
if the Italian or Irish immi-
grants embarked for America,
they would explode Alitalia or
Aer Lingus airlines.
How do you think American
Italians and Irish peoples
would feel about those threats?
Pretty much the same way, I
think, that most of the Jewish
people feel about the latest
threats Islamic fanatics have
JNF Clears
Land For
Soviet Olim
by an enlarged budget, the
Jewish National Fund says it
plans to assist the absorption
of thousands of new immi-
grants through its regular land
reclamation, afforestation and
educational activities.
The JNF board of directors
has approved a $100 million
budget for fiscal 1990-91 star-
ting April 1, a 14 percent
increase over the last fiscal
The JNF plans to assist the
government's Housing Minis-
try by developing land for
immigrant housing and join
the Tourism Ministry in the
creation of new parks and rec-
reation areas to expand and
improve the tourist infrastruc-
Both endeavors will create
jobs for new immigrants as
well as for discharged soldiers
and residents of development
towns, the JNF said.
The enlarged budget will
enable the JNF at the same
time to maintain its vigilance
Continued on Page 7
made about blowing up East
European airlines carrying
Soviet Jews to Israel.
Soviet Jews are now caught
in a terrible double bind. If
they remain in the Soviet
Union, the right-wing nation-
alism such as Pamyat threaten
many of them with anti-
Semitic pogroms. Should they
emigrate to Israel, Islamic
extremists threaten to destroy
the Soviet and other East
European planes.
Neither the Soviet Union nor
the United States nor any
country for that matter can
afford to capitulate to these
thugs. For if they do, secure
internationa air transporta-
tion will become hostage to
this latest form of piracy, and
no one anywhere will be
One bright spot in this dis-
mal scene took place recently,
when Poland's Prime Minister
Tadeusz Mazowiecki, speaking
at an impressive American
Jewish Congress dinner in
New York, said that this coun-
try is prepared to play a role in
helping Soviet Jews emigrate.
Ironically, if he acts on his
words, it may be a Polish
leader who will give backbone
to the superpowers not to
knuckle under to these Islamic
Rabin MarcH. Tanenbaum is inter-
national relation* consultant to the
American Jewish Committee.
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Friday, April 13, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale Page 5
Bread Of Affliction Becomes Bread Of Freedom
Isaac Woudstra, owner of the
Hollandia Matzo factory, is
happy that the Iron Curtain is
gone, even though it means a
big loss of business for him this
Passover season.
For decades, Hollandia qui-
etly exported hundreds of
thousands of pounds of Pas-
sover matzah to Jewish com-
munities in Eastern Europe,
with the orders coming
through the American Jewish
Joint Distribution Committee
and HIAS in New York.
"Almost every year, we pro-
vided communities in Albania,
Romania and Yugoslavia with
as much as 250,000 kilograms
of our matzah," Woudstra
said, adding, "Strictly kosher,
of course."
His factory is under the
supervision of the Chief Rab-
binate of the Netherlands.
"Our shipments always went
straight to the Jewish commu-
nities of, for example, Buchar-
est or Belgrade.
"Even Ethiopian Jews in the
Southern Jews'
Uniqueness Debated
A hundred delegates from
10 Southern states assembled
in Charleston, S.C, to learn
more about Jewish life in the
old and new South. They were
attending the Southern Jewish
Historical Society's 14th Con-
ference on the Southern Jew-
ish Experience.
Originally scheduled for
November 1989, the confer-
ence was rescheduled because
of Hurricane Hugo's devasta-
tion of Charleston.
The conference, which began
with services at Charleston's
historic Reform Temple Beth
Elohim, was marked by differ-
ences of opinion on what
makes Southern Jews tick and
where they fit in the grand
picture of American Jewry.
Dr. Mark Bauman, professor
of history at Metropolitan Col-
lege in Atlanta, differed with
much that has been written
about Southern Jews as being
assimilated or "hyphenated
Jews in the South, said Bau-
man, "were influenced by the
regional subculture in a rela-
tively marginal fashion. Where
they were most influenced, the
causal factors were ecological
and were not unique to the
In fact, he said, "to a
remarkable degree," Southern
Jews' experiences "were far
more similar to those of Jews
in similar environments else-
where in America than they
were to white Protestants in
the South."
Still, Bauman emphasized,
the Southern Jews' particular
contribution to American
Jewry is notable. "American
Jewish history is not New
York City Jewish history," he
At the closing session of the
Work For The Census
And Help Every
American Count
Census employment amounts to more than cold, hard facts. Your
efforts can help contribute to improvements for the nation, the
neighborhood you live in, and yourself by providing vital statistics
for many uses from the apportionment of Congress to business
and community planning.
The largest number of jobs is for census takers. You'll work in an
area close to home, checking mailing addresses, delivering ques-
tionnaires, and conducting on-the-spot interviews. The job lasts
from two to eight weeks, the hours are flexible, and the pay is
$6.50 per hour.
It's good work with an even better benefit.
If you are at least 18 years old, or a high school senior, contact:
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And if you are fluent in a language other than English, there may
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It Pays To Get The Facts
conference, two Jewish profes-
sors from Southern state uni-
versities shared their unique
experiences teaching religion
in the Bible Belt.
Peter Cohen, professor ol
religion and philosophy at
Appalachian State University
in Boone, N.C., said that his
Jewish students usually
receive lower grades than
their non-Jewish classmates,
including in courses on
"They simply have not read
the Bible growing up, and they
assume they know this mate
rial better than others in the
course because it is 'their
book.' "
Dr. Jeffrey Gold, professor
of philosophy and humanities
at East Tennessee State Uni
versity, Johnson City, Tenn.,
said, "I used to think the
greatest theological difference
separating Judaism from
Christianity concerned the
role and status of Jesus
whether he was the son of G-d
and the Messiah."
But after teaching thou-
sands of conservative funda-
mentalist Christian students,
Gold said, "I have concluded
that there is something deeper
and more essential" differenti-
ating Jews from Christians.
"The dispute settles around
the concept of original sin.
Most of my Christian students
believe nature, life, and humar
beings are irredeemably cor
runt and/or condemned. The>
believe human life is not
sacred." That, he said, is jusl
not Judaism's teachings.
e/don Tutt
s (DM
in -i

.tir : -
ill N l.lllllilN IN *l flIMPOm '111111
HI ll/l I A Hftll A It llli-.AI I M
deserts of Eritrea tasted Hol-
landia matzos," Woudstra
"It was never announced
that the Joint was involved. Of
course, it was all legal and
officially approved by the
"But too much publicity and
a clear connection with Jewish
or American relief organiza-
tions could have done serious
harm," Woudstra said.
"Now I can speak freely
about our shipments to East-
ern Europe, and that's a good
thing. But their freedom and
changes caused some personal
loss for me," he admitted.
"This year, the Joint doesn't
order from Hollandia. There is
no need for them to intervene
anymore between the factory
and the consumers.
"Today, matzos from Israel
are shipped in a complicated
procedure from New York
through Holland to far behind
what used to be the Iron Cur-
tain," Woudstra said.
Of course, there is still Alba-
nia, the only Stalinist state left
in Europe, Tsolated and unre-
But Hollandia export matzos
to Belgium, France, Denmark,
Norway and Sweden.
It also sells its product in
West Germany. Much of it
goes to West Berlin and the
small Jewish enclave in East
Berlin also benefits, Woudstra
pointed out.
Woudstra believes that while
he has lost some of his market,
he has seen the fulfillment of a
prophecy by which "the bread
of affliction finally turned into
the bread of freedom for our
brethren in Eastern Europe."
Soon, he added, instead of
the matzah coming to them,
they will go to the matzah. The
time does not seem too far
away when they will be cele-
brating Passover in Jerusa-
lem, the Dutch matzah manu-
facturer said.
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Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale/Friday, April 13, 1990
Harvard Professor Alan Dershowitz
Jewish Timidity Linked To Leadership Vacuum
Special to the Advocate,
Alan Dershowitz, Harvard
Law School professor and
defense attorney of choice of
some of the country's most
prominent and notorious
clients in recent years, is on a
roll. And we're not talking
bulkies, bagels or bialys,
although he had a brief fling as
a restaurateur of Harvard
Square deli that went kaput
after a few months.
A recent issue of TV Guide
featured him as a natural for
splicing up the popular TV
series, "L.A. Law." He was
featured on the cover of the
March 12 issue of New York
magazine with one of his
clients, New York hotel queen
Leona Helmsley. They are
appealing her conviction to a
four-year prison sentence and
a $7.1 millid'ri fine for tax
"I believe she's innocent,"
Dershowitz said during a
recent interview in his Brattle
Street, Cambridge home. "I
really think she got a bum rap
and I think the only reason she
was prosecuted is because
she's an outspoken, aggressive
Jewish woman. I think if she
were not a woman, she would
be praised for her outspoken-
ness. She was an easy target
for the prosecution and now
her life is full of tsoris. I think
Alan Dershowitz
she's due a refund from the
government. We're going to
prove she overpaid her taxes."
This is the latest in Dershow-
itz's show trials. He also
defended Claus von Bulow, a
case he won on appeal. He
wrote about it in "Reversal of
Fortune," which is being made
into a film.
But perhaps the title
of Dershowitz's latest book,
"Chutzpah: The Adventures of
a Proud and Assertive Ameri-
can Jew" best describes this
brash, bold, aggressive lawyer-
professor from Brooklyn who
attended Yeshiva University
High School, Brooklyn Col-
lege, Yale Law School, and
became, at 25, a faculty mem-
ber at Harvard Law School
and at 28, a full professor
there, the youngest in the
school's history.
Although he is 51, Dershow-
itz has the energy and vitality
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of a younger man, with fire in
his belly. William Safire
defines chutzpah as "enter-
prise, audacity, brazen impud-
ence with cheek." Dershowitz
is all of that because of the
inextinguishable Jewish
dimension at the core of his
Why did he write his new
book, which he dedicates to his
wife, Carolyn Cohen?
Although he has become a very
public person, he replies, "It's
about two things: a part of my
life of which I'm very proud,
which is relatively unknown. I
think it's very important for
lawyers to understand that
they don't have to give up
their Jewishness to be success-
ful in the mainst, that being a
good Jew and being a good
lawyer are very consistent."
Second reason is because he
thinks the American Jewish
community is at a crossroads.
"I think that today Jews
reflect a lot of the fears of the
past because we still think of
ourselves as guests in another
person's country. It's a reflec-
tion of assimilation. We're at a
stage in our history when we
don't have to think of our-
selves that way because every-
one else thinks of us as first-
class citizens, yet we don't."
During his career at Har-
vard Law School, Dershow-
itz's chutzpah has made him
into a self-acknowledged
gadfly to President Derek Bok
by his insistence on appointing
Jewish deans (there were none
when he first arrived there),
objecting to holding classes on
Jewish holidays and the Sab-
bath, and having Harvard's
commencement coincide with
Shevuot. He does not hesitate
to voice his views and promote
the best interests of Harvard's
Jewish faculty and students.
He has been called "Har-
vard's first Jewish Jew" by his
friend and fellow-
professor, Dr. Allan Stone. "I
felt alone at the beginning.
When I was hired and
accepted, I was expected to act
like a guest at somebody else's
university. I wasn't expected
to make a fuss about teaching
on the Jewish holidays. I was
expected to melt into the tradi-
tions of the Law School. It was
okay for me to be a Jew, but I
was not supposed to 'too Jew-
ish." and I didn't accept that."

They met with the PraMdant, the
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he recalls. But he founded the
Harvard Jewish Law Stu-
dents' Association and often
speaks out to the administra-
tion on behalf of Jewish issues.
Dershowitz protested vehe-
mently in 1987 when then-
President Richard von Weiz-
sacker was the fourth German
head of state to be awarded an
honorary degree at Harvard.
"I believe it was ar. outrage
because Weizsacker said he
wanted this degree to restore
his father's honor and his fam-
ily name. The degree specifi-
cally said he was 'a scion of a
distinguished German family.'
The only thing distinguished
about his family was that his
father was a Nazi Secretary of
State and a war criminal, and
Harvard has never honored a
Holocaust survivor."
Dershowitz relishes his role
at Harvard as "an outsider,"
and not as a team-player. "I
feel more comfortable as an
outsider because I want to
enjoy my freedom. But I don't
feel like an outsider as a Jew.
I'm an insider. But I'm not
part of the Jewish establish-
ment. I don't hold office in any
Jewish organization
because I'd rather be able to
speak my mind, act on my
conscience, be independent
and not have to worry about
loyalty to any institutions," he
Yet, he laments the absence
of any real leadership within
the American Jewish commun-
ity today, with the notable
exception of Seymour Reich,
Chairman of the Conference of
Presidents of Jewish Organiza-
tions, and AIPAC, the Ameri-
can-Israel Public Affairs Com-
mittee. Locally he has great
respect for Anti- Defamation
League Executive Director,
Leonard Zakim, and promi-
nent long-time Jewish com-
munal leader Attorney Louis
"We need more assertive,
professional Jewish leadership
because I think Jewish leaders
today are afraid to take risks.
They have to help us under-
stand just how much we've
contributed to this country to
make it as great as it is. We
have no apologies to make for
our contributions. We've
helped so many other people to
overcome, we're entitled to it.
Nobody handed it to us on a
silver platter."
Dershowitz would like to see
Yeshiva University or Bran-
deis offer political leadership-
training and spokesmanship
programs for Jewish elected
and professional officials. He
sees a vacuum in the Jewish
political arena.
$40 Million in Cash Wired to Israel
NEW YORK (JTA) More than $40 million was wired to
Israel on Friday to assist the resettlement of Soviet Jews
there, United Jewish Appeal officials announced. It is the
first cash monies of the nearly $100 million so far pledged
in the UJA's Operation Exodus campaign to resettle Soviet
Jews in Israel.
Not since the asking of the Four Questions
has something so tiny made it so big.
It's Tetley's tiny little tea leaves They've been making it big in
Jewish homes (or years Because, just as tiny lamb chops and
tiny peas are the most flavorful, the same thing is true for tea
leaves. So, for supenontea and qualitea. there's only one
guarantea Tetley lea
K Certified Kosher For Passover
Brlcha gonna like if bfllrr.

Friday, April 13, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale. Page 7
Keep Matzah Away From Infants, Parents Told
Atlanta Jewish Time*
Eliyahu turned blue.
The 20-month-old boy was
poking on a piece of matzah
jntil his mother Jody Kassorla
\)i Rockville, Md., yanked him
out of his high chair and gave
lis mid-section a quick upward
thrust. Known as the Heimlich
laneuver, the thrust forced
the baby's diaphragm to push
jp air and expel the matzah.
Kassorla, the wife of a
ephardic rabbi, said the Hei-
llich maneuver saved her
jn's life during Passover in
1988. This new mother also
Reamed that while matzah may
i a mitzvah, even the smallest
liece can make a baby choke.
During Passover, the abun-
dance of matzah on dining
tables and floors can be dan-
gerous for infants and toddlers
up to age four, said Noel Mer-
enstein, a former New York
City emergency medical tech-
nician who founded BABY-
LIFE, a cardio-pulmonary
resuscitation class for infants
and children.
The nationally offered CPR
course, started in 1982, also
teaches other life- saving tech-
niques and ways to prevent
accidents and choking. Babies
under two years do not have
the molars (back teeth) to chew
the finger foods they want,
said Merenstein, who gives
parents in his classes a list of
foods that are safe. "Rabies
As a rule of thumb, Merenstein recommends that
parents test the food before giving it to a baby
under two years. "Give them food that melts,
dissolves or crumbles easily. If you have to chew it
with your back teeth, don't give it to them."
gum the matzah. It becomes
mealy and doughy and very
easy to choke on."
As a rule of thumb, Meren-
stein recommends that par-
ents test the food before giv-
ing it to a baby under two
years. "Give them food that
melts, dissolves or crumbles
easily. If you have to chew it
with your back teeth, don't
give it to them."
According to Merenstein,
foods that seem safe, but can
block a baby's pinky-size wind-
pipe include raisins, grapes,
cut-up hot dogs and, to many
parent's surprise, baby teeth-
ing crackers.
The vulnerable internal
organs of infants cannot with-
stand the Heimlich maneuver
taught in CPR courses, warns
If an infant is less than a
year old, parents are taught to
place the baby face down with
head lowered across their laps
and give back bldws. If a chest
thrust is necessary, the parent
should have extensive train-
ing. A" thrust too high in a little
triangular patch could kill the
infant, he said.
In CPR courses, parents are
also taught how to tell if a baby
is choking. One of the signs is
not coughing effectively. A
choking victim usually turns
blue or grey, Merenstein said.
After her son's choking acci-
dent, Jody Kassorla took a
three and a half hour BABY-
LIFE class at the Jewish Com-
munity Center of Greater
Washington D.C. It helped her
recently when her two- year
old son Naftali began choking
at a kosher Chinese restaurant
on a won ton noodle.
Dignitaries To Join
'March Of Living'
Defunct Israeli Firm Tried Bribe?
Prominent international
I leaders will join 3,500 Jewish
I teenagers, including 130 from
I South Florida, in Poland as
[part of "The March of the
|Living," April 18-May 3.
When the high school stu-
I dents march from the Aus-
chwitz to Birkenau death
camps on Holocaust Memorial
Day, Sunday, April 22, digni-
taries will march alongside
them in commemoration of
Jews who died tragically in the
| camps.
Dignitaries include Nobel
Laureate Elie Wiesel, World
Jewish Congress Chairman
Edgar Bronfman, publishing
magnate Robert Maxwell,
Israeli Ministers Ehud Olmert
and Motta Gur, Speaker of the
Israeli Knesset Dov Shilansky,
Temple Beth Am
There will be only one Shab-
bat service held Friday, April
13 at 7:20 p.m. in the Hirsch
Sanctuary, conducted by
Rabbi Paul Plotkin and Hazzan
Irving Grossman.
On Saturday, April 14 Sab-
bath Services are at 9 a.m.
Mincha will be at 5 p.m.
Last days of Passover Sun-
day, April 15, Mincha at 7:20
p.m. Monday, April 16 Sha-
chrit at 9 a.m. Mincha, Maariv
at 7:20 p.m. Tuesday, April 17,
Shachrit-Yizkor services fol-
low at 9 a.m. Mincha at 5 p.m.
and Knesset members Geula
Cohen, Charlie Biton, Shevach
Weiss and Menachem Wer-
now-defunct Israeli defense
firm may have tried to bribe
the Navy $500,000 into award-
ing it a contract to build more
ground control stations for
unmanned spy aircraft in 1986
and 1987, a well-placed Israeli
'We made our government put Varmulku on everthin*. eft, RibM?r
Continued from Page 4
against forest fires, add fire-
fighting personnel and equip-
ment and broaden its youth
It will maintain summer
camps for about 1,000 immi-
grant youths this year and
summer programs for a total
of 14,000.
These programs, in which
newcomers mingle with Israeli
youths from development
towns are aimed at acquaint-
ing them with the JNF forests
and nature preserves.
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defense lobbyist here said
But the lobbyist added that
any attempted bribe by the
firm, Mazlat Ltd., to influence
the Pentagon to build them
was unsuccessful, because the
Pentagon decided instead to
seek new types of ground sta-
The ground station contract
was eventually awarded to Tel-
edyne Inc. of Los Angeles.
Mazlat, which was a joint ven-
ture of two Israeli firms, Israel
Aircraft Industries and Tad-
iran Ltd., did not even bid on
it, the lobbyist added.
Hebrew U. Women Unit
To Hear Gerald Schwartz
"This Year in Jerusalem"
will be the topic of Gerald
Schwartz, president of the
American Zionist Federation
of South Florida, at a Thurs-
day, April 19 luncheon meet-
ing of the Greater Miami"
Women's Division of the
American Friends of the
Hebrew University of Jerusa-
lem. The 11:45 a.m. event is
scheduled at Ocean Pavilion,
5601 Collins Avenue.
Schwartz, a former South-
eastern United States regional
director of the Hebrew Univer-
sity organization, will discuss
the centrality of Jerusalem as
the undivided capital of the
State of Israel.
Florence Feldman, execu-
tive director of the AFHU
women's division, said the
luncheon session is open to the
general public. Reservations,
by telephoning 868-0287 or
Schwartz, past president of
the Miami Beach Lodge of
B'nai B'rith was national
chairman for Israel Bonds of
B'nai B'rith. He is a member
of the Young Presidents Club
of Mount Sinai Medical Center
and president of the Gerald
Schwartz Agency, a Miami
Beach-based public relations
and marketing firm.
Schwartz is executive vice
president of the South Shore
Hospital Foundation, chair-
man-elect of the Miami Beach
Chamber of Commerce, imme-
diate past president of the
Civic League of Miami Beach
and past president of Tiger
Bay Political Club.
He has served in executive
capacities for the United Jew-
ish Appeal, Israel Education
Fund and State of Israel
Bonds and is former national
vice president of the American
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Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale/Friday, April 13, 1990
New European Democracies Face Anti-Semitism
New York Advent of
democracy in Eastern Europe
has opened the doors to anti-
Semitism but the extent varies
from country to country,
according to six Edst Euro-
pean Jewish leaders who met
privately with the Anti-
Defamation League.
"Democracy is a positive
thing (but it) has only brought
anti-Semitism out into the
open," said Dr. Josef Klansky
of Prague, who estimated that
there are 5,000 to 6,000 Jews
today in Czechoslovakia.
"Of course," he said, "peo-
ple have the possibility now to
say things that they couldn't
before but I don't see a
dangerous fascist movement
in Czechoslovakia."
The leaders, invited by Ken-
neth Jacobson, director of
ADL's International Affairs
Division, were in the U.S. to
promote Jewish life in the
Eastern bloc, including the
opening of a new Jewish
museum in Vienna, and to
express their varying concerns
about the renewed specter of
Jacobson told the group that
accurate information regard-
ing anti-Semitism coming out
of the Eastern bloc is "very
important" to ADL because of
the mixed reports received in
the West. He asked them to
maintain regular communica-
tion with the League on the
Mirko Mirkowic, a writer
and editor from Zagreb in
Yugoslavia, reported that
those in his country's new
political parties "all swear by
democracy and human rights
... they look to the West and
know that in the Western
countries, anti-Semitism is
looked upon badly."
While we hear "individual
outbursts" of anti-Semitism,
he said, there is no "coherent"
anti-Semitic movement. He
cited one "ominous" anti-
Semitic statement made by an
extreme right-wing nationalist
party calling "Jews and Serbs
enemies of the Croatian peo-
ple" and added that a new
edition of the anti-Zionist for-
gery, Protocols of the Elders
of Zion has recently been pub-
lished in Yugoslavia. Discuss-
ing that country's governmen-
tal problems, he acknowledged
"a difficult situation" but said
Yugoslavia is "not on the
verge of disintegration."
Another Yugoslavian, Mla-
den A. Svarc, who described
his vocation as philosopher and
journalist, said that there is
"some anti-Semitism" in Slo-
venia, but cited Croatia as the
place where rising nationalism
could result in anti-Semitism.
In Hungary, anti-Semitism
is growing and "it is not for-
bidden," according to Ilona
Benoschofsky, director of the
Jewish Museum in Budapest.
"After 40 years under one
party, the Communists, we
now have 22 political parties
and some are voicing senti-
ment against Gypsies and
Jews," she said, citing recent
newspaper articles and radio
speeches as being anti-Semitic.
A JCommittee Reports
Survey Finds Anti-Jewish
Feeling High In USSR
'Such a Noise* Ideal For Children
NEW YORK First sys-
tematic study of anti-Semitism
in the Soviet Union in decades
has found disturbingly high
levels of anti-Jewish feeling,
according to the American
Jewish Committee.
The study, carried out in
Moscow and environs, was
funded by the Committee, the
National Science Foundation,
and the University of Houston.
It was fielded under the aus-
pices of the Institute of Sociol-
ogy of the Soviet Academy of
Sciences and directed by Dr.
James Gibson, professor of
political science, University of
Houston, and Dr. Raymond
Duch, assistant professor of
political science, University of
Field work for the study,
which was carried out between
Feb. 16 and March 4, consisted
of face-to-face interviews with
a random sample of 506 adults
in the Moscow area. The sur-
vey questionnaire consisted of
some 350 items, and the mar-
gin of error was plus/-5 percen-
tage points. Eighty-eight per-
cent of the respondents were
of Russian nationality, 3%
were Ukrainian, 2% Arme-
nian, and 2% Jewish.
Broad theme of the survey
was political tolerance in the
Soviet Union, and, within that
framework, special attention
was given to attitudes toward
"The findings on the Jewish-
related questions in this
study," said Sholom D.
Comay, AJC national presi-
dent, "point to the classic anti-
Semitic syndrome, in which a
significant portion of the popu-
lation openly dislikes Jews and
openly likes their extremist
enemies, large numbers of peo-
ple hoki strong negative ster-
eotypes about Jews, and a con-
siderable proportion of the
population is at best neutral
about Jews and thus open to
"Given the right set of condi-
tions which certainly exist
in the Soviet Union today
this can make for an explosive
mix," Mr. Comay added.
Comay said AJC's Board of
Governors, meeting in Wash-
ington this past weekend after
learning of the survey's find-
ings, adopted a 15-point "plan
of action" to respond to the
findings. The first point called
on the leadership of the Soviet
Union to "condemn manifesta-
tions of anti-Semitism in their
country," adding that this
required "the persopal atten-
tion of President Gorbachev."
Among the major findings
were these:
Asked whether they liked
or disliked Jews (on a scale
ranging from 1 to 11), only
18% of the respondents indi-
cated any degree of liking.
Eighteen percent indicated
dislike of Jews, including 6%
who indicated the strongest
degree of dislike, while 65%
were neutral.
On the same "like/dislike"
scale, 14% of the respondents
expressed a liking for the
ultranationalist, extreme anti-
Semitic group Pamyat, while
another 23% were neutral.
Eight percent of the
respondents agreed that
"More than any other group in
society, it is the Jews who are
responsible for the problems
the Soviet Union is experienc-
ing today," while 13% were
uncertain on this question.
Thirty-three percent main-
tained that "When it comes to
choosing between people and
money, Jews will choose
money," while 29% were
Twenty-three percent
agreed that "Jews have too
much influence over Russian
culture," with 21% being
Ten percent felt that
"Jews deserve to be punished
because they killed Christ,"
and 15% were uncertain.
Questioned about their
perceptions of other people^
anti-Semitism, 48% said Chat
"anti-Jewish feeling is on the
rise around here today," while
44% found it "about the
same." Only 5% saw it as
"diminishing." Also, 17%
thought that "most people in
the Soviet Union are anti-
Jewish,".60% that "only some
people are anti-Jewish," and
19% that "very few people are
On the positive side, the
researchers reported very
large majorities of respon-
dents favoring equality of
opportunity and freedom of
emigration for Jews: 91%
maintained that "Jews should
be free to decide for them-
selves whether they want to
remain in the Soviet Union or
emigrate;" 90% agreed that
"the government should make
every effort to see that the
rights of Jews to equal educa-
tional opportunity are
respected throughout the
Soviet Union," and 88%
endorsed the view that "the
government should make
every effort to see that the
rights of Jews to equal employ-
ment opportunities are
respected throughout the
Soviet Union."
Aliana Brodman, born in
Munich, Germany to parents
both of whom survived Aus-
chwitz, is the author of a new
book, "Such a Noise." It is a
Jewish folktale, retold with wit
and wisdom. Handsomely illus-
trated by Hans Poppel, a Ger-
man musician and set desig-
ner, the 32-page volume is
aimed at children ages 5 to 8.
Both Brodman and Poppel
now live in Massachusetts.
"Such a Noise" is published by
Kane/Miller, who specialize in
foreign children's books.
ORT to Train 10,000 Soviet Olim
PHILADELPHIA (JTA) ORT expects to train up to
10,000 Soviet Jewish immigrants in Israel this year to
improve their chances of finding jobs. The emphasis will be
on updating the immigrants' existing skills rather than
retraining for a new career.

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