The Jewish Floridian of greater Ft. Lauderdale


Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of greater Ft. Lauderdale
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Fred K. Shochet.
Place of Publication:
Miami, Fla


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Fort Lauderdale (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Broward County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Broward -- Ft. Lauderdale


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 3, no. 7 (Apr. 5, 1974)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issue for Jan. 9, 1976 called v.4, no. 27 but constitutes v.5, no. 1; issue for July 7, 1989 called v.18, no. 11 but constitutes v.18, no. 13.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44570954
lccn - sn 00229545
System ID:

Related Items

Preceded by:
Jewish Floridian of North Broward

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Full Text
-pJewisli Florid to r>
Volume 5 Number 14
Friday, July 9, 1976
O Fred K, Shochet Friday, July 9, 17 prjCe 25 Cents
Hebrew Day School Is Moving
The Hebrew Day School of
Greater Fort Lauderdale, as a
result of large student enroll-
ments for this coming year, is
moving in September to new
quarters in the Sunrise Profes-
sional Building on Sunrise Blvd.
The announcement was made
by Mel Zipris, newly elected
president of the school, and
Moshe Zwang, director.
Zipris said that the school ex-
pects an enrollment of over 100
students and has thus outgrown
its facilities at Temple Beth Is-
rael. The new building will have
a total of 4,500 square feet for
the school's kindergarten to
fifth-graders. Zipris noted that
the new site is nicely situated
not only for residents of West
and North Broward, but also
for those in the Northeast.
Zipris and Zwang said the
reason for the large enrollment
is the outstanding secular and
Jewish education the students
receive. "It's amazing to see
the deep appreciation our stu-
dents have for their American
and Jewish heritage. Ours is
the kind of school from which
future leaders in the American-
Jewish community will come,"
Zipris concluded.
Additional information on
the school is available from
Moshe Zwang, 484-3801. In ad-
dition to its income from tui-
tion and private donations, the
Hebrew Day School is funded
by the Jewish Federation of
Greater Fort Lauderdale.
Jewish Roots Deeply Entwined
In Beginnings Of Our Nation Kurtz Sets Budget Meetings
The new quarters of the Hebrew Day School the Sun-
rise Professional Building will include fenced-in out-
door play areas.
The Judaic Heritage Society
JEWISH LIFE in the Western
J World began in 1492 when
the Spanish converso Louis de
Torres climbed down the side
of one of Columbus' ships to
begin his job as interpreter with
the Caribbean natives.
Jewish community Hie in what
i is now the' United States of
America began in early Septem-
ber 1654, when the French frig-
ate Ste. Catherine sailed into
the mingled waters of trie Hud-
son River and the Atlantic
Ocean. The vessel brought to
the scraggly shores of Dutch
New Amsterdam the founding
fathers of the colony's first
Jewish community.
ALTHOUGH individual Jew-
ish settlers had reached the
continent earlier, the arrival of
"the 23" marked the beginning
of organized Jewish life in Col-
onial America, to embrace, three
centuries later, nearly six mil-
lion Jews the largest, the
wealthiest Jewish community
the world has ever known.
The "Arrival of the 23" was
the subiect of the first medal
of the series of 120 medals of
the Medallic History of the
Jews of America created by the
Judaic Heritage Society. This
medallic chronicle, with its ac-
companying historical notes,
has done much to fill a void,
through numismatics, in the
printed historical record of the
Jews of America.
SINCE THEIR earliest days
on American shores, the Jews,
Professor Jacob Rader Marcus
records, "have been an organ-
ized grouo, united by common
institutions, traditions, beliefs,
an inspiring past, and an un-
usually strong sense of kinship
... As a tightly-knit fellowship,
thev have shared common ex-
periences, and the totality of
these makes up American Jew-
ish history Any study of
American Jewish life is bound
to throw light on the larger his-
tory of the American people."
In the colorful mosaic of
American Jewish history, fami-
lies and folkways of the Old
World were an integral part.
Talents and character develop-
ed in ancestral lands abroad
were fed into the bloodstream
of a bureeoning America Cul-
tural seeds sown emtnriM back
Continued on Page 11
The budget committee of the Jewish Federation of
Greater Fort Lauderdale will hold several important meet-
ings during July to review the budgets of and recommend
allocations for local committees, services and beneficiary
Cash Collection Committee Formed
Leo Goodman, 1976 general
campaign chairman of the Jew-
ish Federation of Greater Fort
Lauderdale, has announced the
formation of an important cash
collection committee for the
Jewish Federation United Jew-
ish Appeal Campaign.
Goodman said that "this
committee is an integral part
of the campaign structure
whose purpose is the collection
of cash from previously made
pledges. Cash is needed to con-
tinue vital services in Israel
and here in our own commu-
nity. The cost of survival must
be paid."
Goodman noted that the chair-
man's and the full committe's
names will be announced short-
ly, and an initial planning meet-
ing will be held soon. Anyone
interested in serving on this
committee should contact the
Federation office, 484-8200.
Arabs Buy Popular
Hotel Site in London
LONDON (JTA) The Dorchester, a famous Lon-
don hotel popular with Israeli visitors, which housed Pres-
ident Ephraim Katzir and Mrs. Katzir during their visit
here last week, is to be sold to a consortium of Arab busi-
nessmen, it was announced today.
The buyers, mostly from Saudi Arabia and Persian
"Gulf oil states, are paying about $20 million.
THEY WILL be represented on the board of a new
holding company by Sheikh Najib Alamuddin, a Lebanese
who is chairman of Middle East Airlines.
The Dorchester is frequented by wealthy Arabs who
often rub shoulders with prominent Israeli guests. The sell-
ing company, which will be represented on the new board
of directors, has given assurances that nothing will be done
to make Jewish guests feel unwelcome.
In Bombing
PARIS (JTA) Five sus-
pected terrorists were arrested
here Friday in connection with
a bomb explosion that severely
damaged a branch of the Roth-
schild Bank in central Paris dur-
ing the night on May 29. An
elderly woman and a child were
injured by flying glass. Accord-
ing to police sources, the sus-
pects have admitted responsi-
bility for the bombing and more
arrests are expected.
One of the suspects is Evelyne
Barge, 32, who was sentenced
in Israel to 14 years' imprison-
ment in 1971 for smuggling ex-
plosives into the country on be-
half of Arab terrorists.
THE OTHER members of a
group known as "The Easter
Commando" admitted at their
trial that they had intended to
bomb several Tel Aviv hotels.
All were released in 1975 on
humanitarian grounds. Since re-
turning to Paris, Ms. Barge is
Inown to have been active in
leftist and anarchist circles.
A report will be made to the
Federation's board of directors
at their next meeting on July
20. The announcement was
made by Martin Kurtz, budget
committee chairman.
The local committees and
services seeking funds are
Women's Division, Jewish edu-
cation, community relations,
ycung leadership, Tay-Sachs
and elderly commission.
The beneficiary agencies to
be reviewed are Jewish Com-
munity Center, Hebrew Day
School, Jewish Family Service.
and chaplaincy program.
Kurtz, who said that alloca-
tions to state and national agen-
cies would be discussed at a
future board meeting, was re-
cently elected vice president
of the Jewish Federation of
Greater Fort Lauderdale. He
commented that the members
of the budget committee will be
from the Federation's board of
directors and its campaign cab-
Poor Hebrew of Israelis
Comes Under Sharp Attack
significant number of Knesset
members representing a broad
spectrum of political factions
have reached agreement that
manv Israelis cannot speak pro-
per Hebrew.
Shalom Levin, of the Labor
Alignment, who happens to be
chairman of the National Teach-
ers Association, introduced an
agenda motion on The State of
the Hebrew Language" in Is-
rael, which he found to be poor.
set members should be provid-
ed with special language ad-
visors to check their speeches
before and after delivery
for correct usage.
Levin claimed that very few
Israelis could say they have
mastered the Hebrew language.
Specifically, he charged, "most
radio and TV broadcasters, pub-
lic figures, Knesset members
and even university professors
harm the language, sometimes
because of disrespect for it and
sometimes merely because they
don't know better."
Most of Levin's colleagues
concurred. But Likud MK Yitz-
hak Modai thought the Knesset
should devote itself to more
pressing matters. Modai has
been trying to introduce an
agenda motion critical of the
new value added tax (VAT)
that goes into effect July 1. He
charged that whenever the
Knesset presidium wanted to
avoid an embarrassing subject,
it took up such topics as the
state of the Hebrew language.

Page 2
The Jewish Floridtim of Greater Fort Lauderdale
Friday, July 9, 1976
Segual Speaks At Hawaiian Phase II UJA Breakfast Student Is Reconstructionist Guest
Phase II of Hawaiian Gar-
dens, under the chairmanship
of Joel Hoch, held a successful
breakfast for the United Jewish
Appeal. The event was very
well attended and all of the
residents who were present en-
joyed the guest speaker, Dr.
Robert Segaul who recently
returned from Israel.
Larry Stroll and his commit-
tee Lou Berman, Al Levine,
Anne Litzman, Lou Lubell, Sam
Mendelstein, Blanche Raskin
and Gladys Weisinger did a
Services Held
Most area synagogues held
special services honoring the
Bicentennial and freedom of
American Jewry on Friday eve-
ning, July 2, according to Bar-
ry Axler, assistant director of
the Jewish Federation of Great-
er Fort Lauderdale, and Paul
Zimmermann, senior vice com-
mander of the Jewish War Vet-
erans. This effort was coordi-
nated by the Jewish Federation
and Jewish War Veterans.
Members of the Jewish War
Veterans attended all the serv-
ices and, in some instances,
participated in them by doing
selected readings.
Participating synagogues in-
cluded Temple Beth Israel,
Temple Emanu-El, Temple Sho-
lom, Plantation Jewish Congre-
gation, Reconstructionist Syna-
gogue, Margate Jewish Center,
Coral Springs Hebrew Congre-
gation, Tamarac Jewish Center
and Deerfield Beach Beth Is-
Beth Hillel
Is Expanding
Plans for the construction of
larger quarters have been com-
pleted and work should com-
mence soon at Congregation
Beth Hillel in Margate. This
will entail an extra added ex-
We appeal to all our neigh-
bors who expect to attend serv-
ices for the High Holy Days to
come in and make their ar-
rangements. Our sole purpose
in making this expansion move
is to accommodate all our addi-
tional neighbors who have mov-
ed to Florida since our last
High Holy Days.
The congregation's active
Sisterhood is led by Flo Gold-
farb, and there is also an active
Men's Club.
For information, call Congre-
gation, 972-5252; Sisterhood,
971-9395; Men's Club, 971-5693.
Area BB Women
Help Federation
B'nai B'rith Women Lauder-
hill Chapter No. 1483 has been
of great assistance on several
projects of the Jewish Federa-
tion of Greater Fort Lauder-
The women have performed
Sabbath services at several
area nursing homes, under the
direction of Rabbi Harold Rich-
ter, Federation chaplain. The
women performed a Passover
service at the American Re-
habilitation Home.
Elsie Simon, Dora Cohen, Mil-
dred Miller, and Dorothy Hur-
witz participated in the UJA
Telethon at the Federation of-
wonderful job of setting up and
Hoch reported that he was
pleased with the results in the
form of pledges and checks,
and said that Phase II will al-
ways do* its best for worthy
Jewish causes and for Israel.
Samuel Ellentuck is president
of Phase n.
This evening at 8 the Recon-
structionist Synagogue will have
as guest Rabbi Robert Ross-
Tabak, in conjunction with the
internship program at the Re-
constructionist Rabbinical Col-
Rabbi Ross-Tabak, a senior
at the college who is working
on his Master's degree in reli-
gion at Temple University, has
just returned from a year at
the Hebrew University in Jeru-
Rabbi Ross-Tabak has had
considerable experience with
Chavurah programs and has
been an instructor for three
years at the Hebrew High
School in Philadelphia. Mrs.
Ross-Tabak is also a student at
the Reconstructionist Rabbin-
ical College.
In addition to Sabbath eve
services, Rabbi Ross-Tabak will
conduct a study period on Sat-
urday morning at 10:30.
A special part of this eve-
ning's service will be the nam-
ing of Allison Dayle, daughter
of Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Te-
ger. The Oneg will be sponsored
by them in honor of their new
UJA Breakfast
At Oakland
On Sunday, June 27, Harry
Landau and his committee wel-
comed the residents of Oak-
land Condominiums at a United
Jewish Appeal breakfast at the
Tnverrary Country Club.
Rabbi Philip Labowitz of
Temple Beth Israel, the elo-
quent guest speaker, pointed
out Israel's great need for
American dollars to aid her
survival. The residents res-
ponded overwhelmingly and
the breakfast was a huge suc-
Broward Paper
Names Sales Manager
Broward Paper and Packag-
ing, Inc., of Fort Lauderdale
has announced the appointment
of Richard Lott as commercial
sales manager. Lott was a man-
ager for a wholesale operation
in Southeast Florida.
FT. LAUD 7.9-7
The services we render reflect the traditions and practices of the Jewish
community. In this respect, we are accountable to the community and to each of its
members for the performance of our responsibilities in a manner consistent with its
expectations and the high standards evoked by Jewish Law and Custom.
Implicit in this obligation is the responsibility to provide factual information in
order for the publ ic to develop a better understandingof funeral service in terms of
the alternatives, prices and assistance we make available, if the need should arise.
The explanation of our policies and services as listed below is one of the ways
we are trying to fulfill our responsibility to the community.
We're trying to help provide a way for families to compare
funeral charges.
We quote our prices over the phone, without obligation.
We explain every funeral arrangement and itemize the charges for each.
We give counsel on funeral pre-arrangement without charge.
We're trying to help make funeral arrangements less
We provide a listing of all available funeral arrangements itemized by price.
We display caskets in all price ranges, with each price clearly indicated.
We offer need-oriented counseling, answerall questions fully and assure each
family the time and privacy they require to reach a decision.
We do everything possible to see to the comfort and well-being
of each family.
We maintain our own spacious, comfortable facilities convenient to all
communities in Dade, Broward and Palm Beach counties.
We try to be genuinely helpful, attentive to the needs and wishes of each
family in the spirit of Jewish tradition. In that tradition, we serve every family.regard-
less of financial circumstance.
We provide the expert services of the largest Jewish staff in South Florida.
We ar^ available to families for assistance in every possible way after
the funeral.
We provide accommodations of special importance to Jewish
We make available considerate,prompt and economical service in New York
and all other states.
We arrange burial in Israel within 24 hours.
We maintain Yahrzeit records for a family's use if needed.
SUNRISE: 1171 Northwest 61st Avenue (Sunset Strip)/584-6060
HOLLYWOOD:5801 Hollywood Boulevard/920-1010
North Miami Beach, Miami Beach and Miami.
Five chapels serving the New York City Metropolitan area.
For generations a symbol of Jewish tradition.
A Grossberg.l F D
Memorial Chapel.lnc./Funeral Directors
- I
FT. LAUD 7.f.7
FT. LAUD 7-t-W

' ?*iday, July 9, 1976
The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale
Page 3
A Bond Between America
And the Helpful Citizen
With Philadelphia's ceremonial moving of
the Liberty Bell to its new quarters a block
from Independence Hall, shortly after midnight
New Year's Day, America embarked on its
year-long Bicentennial celebration.
As this symbol of freedom entered its new
home, the thoughts of Americans everywhere
turned to that July day, 200 years ago, when
a small group of men representing the 13
Fnglish colonies made the momentous decision
to sever the ties that bound them to the mother
country, and declare independence.
THE MILITARY struggle that followed was
King and hard. Patriots fought British regulars
and Hessians with the limited resources at
hand. Other patriots provided money and goods
to the Continental Army, helping to keep it
in the field until victory was won. Thus began
;!ie tradition of voluntary citizen participation
in the affairs of government.
In the two centuries that followed, Amer-
icans time and again came to their nation's
; id, providing money to purchase new terri-
tories and manpower to keep America free.
Today, millions of Americans are helping their
government, and themselves, through the pur-
chase of U.S. Savings Bonds.
Since the introduction of the Series E
Bend in 1941 to help with America's de-
fense and, later, war effort some $170 bil-
lion worth have been sold, most since the end
of the Second World War. Today E Bonds
worth more than $59 billion are outstanding.
When H Bonds, introduced in 1952, are in-
cluded, the amount of Savings Bonds held by
citizens now exceeds $67 billion.
WHAT DO Savings Bonds do for America
and its citizens? The nation gets a security
that adds stability to debt financing and helps
to reduce inflationary pressures.
Purchasers find Bonds an easy, conve-
nient way to build a savings nest egg, increas-
ing their financial security. And the six per-
cent interest rate, combined with a number of
tax advantages and guaranteed safety for both
principal and interest, make Bonds very at-
tractive in today's market.
Secret Diary
Confirms Soviet
Camp Disturbances
secret diary written by an in-
mate of a Soviet forced labor
camp in the Perm region of
Russia disclosed that a serious
disturbance occurred there last
year in protest against the dra-
conian measures taken by the
camp guards, especially against
Anatoly Altman, who was sen-
tenced to ten years at hard la-
bor at the first Leningrad hi-
jack trial in 1970.
A copy of the diary, typewrit-
ten 5n Russian on white paper,
has reached Kibbutz Yagur
which has adopted Altman as
an honorary member.
ACCORDING to the writer,
Altman was subjected to severe
punishment between May and
August, 1975, because he refus-
ed to shave his beard. The diary
says Altman was chained and
forcibly shaved. As punishment,
he was denied permission to re-
Reaffirm Commitment to Israel-Carter
Jimmy Carter said here that
"public statements by lead-
ers of our country in the
last few months" cast doubt
on America's commitment
to Israel's right "to exist in
peace as a Jewish State"
and that commitment should
be unequivocally reasserted.
The former governor of
(ieorgia who is expected to
be nominated for President
by the Democratic Party
convention here this month,
made his remarks during a
question-and-answer period
following an address he de-
livered before the Foreign
Policy Association.
HE SAID he favored a "gen-
eral" rather than a "atep-by-
step" approach to a Middle
East settlement. Carter did not
refer to the Middle East in his
speech nor did he specify what
public statements by American
leaders might have cast doubt
on the U.S. commitment to Is-
But he made it clear that in
his own view a solution of the
Middle East conflict must be
reached by direct negotiations
between Israel and the Arabs
in the framework of Security
Council Resolution 242 and bas-
' ed on the Arabs' recognition of
"the permanent existence of
Israel" and their adoption of a
policy of non-belligerence to-
ward that country.
Carter also said, "I think we
should strengthen our commit-
ment to give Israel whatever
defense mechanisms or econo-
mic aid is necessary to let them
meet any potential attack."
would never send American
troops to Israel and added "I've
never met an Israeli who advo-
cated that."
Carter made his statements
on the Middle East when he
was asked what "new ideas do
you have beside the present
declared U.S. policy concerning
Middle Eaat questions?" He re-
plied: "one of the new commit-
ments that I think should be
made is an unequivocal, con-
stant commitment to the world
that is well understood by all
people that we guarantee the
right of Israel to exist in peace
as a Jewish state.
"I think there's been too
much equivocation about that
and doubt cast upon the factor
by public statements made by
leaders of our country in the
last few months. That ought to
be one basic charge."
lieve that we should pursue ag-
gressively the effort as spelled
out under United Nations Res-
olution 242 that the individual
countries surrounding Israel
should negotiate directly with
Israel, recognizing two things:
one, the permanent existence
of Israel, and secondly, adopt-
ing a position of non-belligeren-
cy toward the State of Israel
"We, I think, can play a role
that's presently been requested
Denounce Bar to Seating
Reform Rabbi on Council
Board of Governors of Hebrew
Union College-Jewish Institute
of Religion has denounced the
denial of a seat on the Jeru-
salem Religious Council to Rab-
bi Moses C. Weiler as "a trav-
esty as well as an affront to the
Reform and Progressive Move-
BB Lodge Tests Blood Pressure
B'nai B'rith Deerfield Beach
Lodge No. 2995, since inaugu-
rating its Blood Pressure Test-
ing program for Century Village
residents, has completed almost
4,000 tests. This is all part of
the B'nai B'rith policy of com-
munity service. The lodge sent
a dozen members to the Red
Cross for special training and
then purchased the necessary
The free blood pressure test-
ing has a twofold purpose.
First, it alerts those needing
who were unaware
they had a problem; second,
for those already receiving
treatment it serves as a month-
ly progress checkup.
According to the American
Heart Association high blood
pressure and its consequences
are leading causes of death in
the U.S. High blood pressure
speeds the development of hard-
ening of the arteries and may
eventually result in congestive
heart failure, kidney disease,
stroke and heart attack.
ments in Judaism."
Rabbi Weiler, a member of
the Movement of Progressive
Judaism, had been selected by
Israel's Independent Liberal
Party to represent it on the
Jerusalem religious body.
"The sole reason given was
Dr. Weiler's membership in the
Movement of Progressive Ju-
daism," the HUC-JIR Board of
Governors said in a resolution
adopted at a recent meeting.
The resolution cited "Rabbi
Weiler's respect for other ex-
pressions of faith among all our
brothers in the House of Is-
rael" and noted that "He has
concretized his love of Israel
by aliya and by personal sacri-
fice and the loss of his two be-
loved sons in the struggle for
Israel's survival.
of President Ford by Mr. Ra-
bin (Premier Yitzhak Rabin of
Israel) and others of Israel,
which I don't know yet if it's
been pursued or not. I would
maintain a strong naval force
in the eastern Mediterranean."
Carter warned against out-
side intervention in the Middle
East. "I would let it be clear
to the Soviet Union and others
that neither we nor they nor
anyone else should prospective-
ly plan an involvement in any
Middle Eastern confrontation
that includes combat.
"I think we should strength-
en our commitment to give Is-
rael whatever defense mecha-
nisms or economic aid is nec-
essary to let them meet any
potential attack."
CARTER SAID he would also
favor, "whenever Israel and
the other countries are ready,
the pursuit of a general ap-
proach to the Middle Eastern
question rather than a step-by-
step approach.
"But in the meantime, encour-
age Jordan, perhaps Syria, Leb-
anon, when their crisis is over,
to negotiate with Israel on a
mutual basis," said said.
ceive visitors.
He went on a hunger strike
in protest and was joined by 20
other inmates. As a result, Alt-
man was put in solitary con-
finement for ten days and
denied the right to purchase
food at the camp commissary,
the diary stated.
On his release from confine-
ment on Sept. 18, he was imme-
diately put back in solitary for
another 15 days. Fellow pris-
oners demonstrated in protest
and threatened to react even
more violently unless a petition
they addressed to President Ni-
kolai Podgorny of the Supreme
Soviet was delivered.
ACCORDING to the diary,
manv Jews were out in solitary
confinement for staging hunger
strikes in protest against severe
nunishment ordered by the
camp commandant. One prison-
er was nut on trial for alleged-
lv passing information on camp
conditions to outside sources.
The diary says that inmates
are punished for such offenses
as having a cup of tea during
working hours, coming to in-
spection late or wearing their
prison garb in a way that did
not suit the guards.
A PRISONER surnamed Li-
chiak was given seven days'
solitary confinement because he
stacked books on shelves in-
stead of under them.
Another prisoner, surnamed
Basrab. who has spent 23 years
in detention, was denied per-
mission to buy food because he
complained to the camp author-
ities that, after suffering two
heart attacks, he was unable to
perform physical labor, the
diary reported.
business the
right way.
ri. iauftei m mi'
Km 7J5 l0

Golden Reelected ADL Commissioner
Alfred Golden was reelected
for the second two-year term as
national Anti-Defamation League
commissioner at the recent
B'nai B'rith District 5 conven-
tion in Baltimore.
District 5 encompasses all
the states from Maryland to
Florida, with a total member-
ship of approximately 25,000
Goldea who is a vice presi-
dent of Riverside Memorial
Chapels, is a member of the
Dade County Personnel Advis-
ory Board, of the board of di
rectors of Greater Miami Jewish
Federation and of the Jewish
Federation of Greater Fort
Lauderdale. He is an officer
and member of the board of
directors of Temple Beth-El in
Serving the needs
off the Jewish Community
in our 3 locations
Mark Weissman
Joseph Rubin
Broward County's first
Jewish Funeral Directors
441 S. Federal Highway Phone 971-3330
5915 Park Drive Phone 971-3330
6800 W. Oakland Park Blvd. Phone 739-6000

Page 4
The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale
Friday, July 9, 1976"'
American Bicentennial
The American Jewish community is playing an
active part in the celebration of the Bicentennial of
the United States. The last year has been passed in
bringing to the attention of Jews and non-Jews alike
the history of American Jewry, as well as the rich
contributions Jews have made to American life.
Primarily, Jews have a spiritual affinity with the
spirit of the Revolution, especially its message of dig-
nity and freedom.
There has of course been prejudice and discrimi-
nation in the U.S. But as one Jewish leader said re-
cently, in no country in the diaspora have Jews been
more at home and more part of the country.
The one event of the Bicentennial celebration that
should have the most meaning to American Jews is the
recent opening of Ellis Island in New York as a land-
mark. It is safe to say that the majority of American
Jews either personally immigrated through its huge re-
ception hall or are the descendants of people who
came to the U.S. via that island.
The persons who came through Ellis Island feared
that they might be rejected for some health reason.
But they had the hope of a new and better homeland
which, despite poverty and enormous struggling, was
ultimately realized.
6 -a
Some Historic Sidelights
In this issue of The Jewish Floridian, we present
several related features calling attention to the note-
worthy contribution of Jews to the development of our
Of particularly historic significance to us all is
the close affinity that our forefathers had with the
Old Testament tradition.
It is not generally known, but one of the first pro-
posals for the Great Seal of the United States was a
view of the Israelites being led by Moses across the
Red Sea a symbolic reference to the voyage of the
early settlers of New England who came from European
It is also not generally known but another early
proposal was Hebrew as the language of the new colo-
nial world to emphasize its split from an oppressive
Mother England at the same time that it underscored
the pilgrims' close identification with the Hebrew
While neither of these proposals came to fruition,
the fact is that the profoundly religious impulses of
the Founding Fathers is a historical fact with which
American Jews have since come to identify proudly.
On this Bicentennial occasion, Americans of all
faiths, Jews included, take note of our past and offer
up prayers for an equally fruitful and progressive na-
tional future.
Pressure on Israel
The underlying anxiety in the American Jewish
community and in Israel is that the support of the
United States government for Israel is eroding. Feared
is increased pressure that will be put on Israel to make
more major concessions which is now being articulated
more openly by prominent people.
Both Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey (D., Minn.) and
former Defense Secretary' James Schlesinger in recent
speeches in Washington accused the Ford Administra-
tion of putting undue pressure on Israel. Humphrey
stressed that the Administration simply does not un-
derstand that actions which are perceived to weaken
the American commitment to Israel will not bring peace
to the Middle East.
All this should not come as a surprise. It is time
now for both the Israeli government and the American
Jewish community to work on their strategies for com-
batting this development. Crying "Gevalt" next Jan-
uary will be too late.
Bicentennial and U.S. Survival
rpHE MOMENT is at hand. It
seems that talk of and prep-
aration for the Bicentennial cel-
ebration have lasted almost as
long as the nation itself since
A sense of weariness brought
on by the anticipation some-
low dulls the occasion. This is
a personal emotional reaction.
ntill, I have heard it from oth-
ers, as well.
I'm not big on birthdays and
anniversaries. Too often, sen-
timentality cheapens rather
han exalts the moment. Things
are said in salute that aren't
> ally meant. They are said be-
cause they sound good.
FOR MYSELF, on our Bicen-
tennial occasion, I keep think-
ng of the ideological struggle
between Jefferson and Hamil-
Jefferson was a democrat in
the true Greek meaning of the
word. Inspired by the British
philosopher, John Locke, and
the French philosopher-novel-
ist, Jean Jacques Rousseau, Jef-
ferson believed profoundly in
"demos," rule of the people.
Hamilton was an aristocrat in
the true Greek meaning of the
word. Mirroring the political
understanding of Plato and
Aristotle, Hamilton believed
profoundly in "aristoi," the rule
of the best.
JEFFERSON was a populist,
Hamilton an elitist. Jefferson
held that a well-informed peo
pie constituted the highest hope '
for a free society. .
Hamilton frankly said of the
people that they "are an ass,"
that their natural inclination is
to be lazy, ignorant and indif-
ferent to matters of self-govern-
In fact, in Jefferson's own
philosophical hero, Rousseau.
Hamilton caught the nub of the
democratic weakness.
IN HIS "Social Contract,"
Rousseau lays down the ground
rules for a democratic society,
but he warns that neither the
rules nor the society itself can
work for a community of up-
wards of 20,000 souls.
Rousseau was talking about
democracy on a one-to-one ba-
sis, about direct participation
in the governing process by in;
dividuals. It is clear that he was'
suspicious of what we later
came to call proportional rep
What Jefferson hoped for was
a Rousseauistic America based
on proportional representation.
He fantasized that representa-
tives would be so noble, so
idealistic, that they would pur-
sue the best interests of their
constituents and of the nation
as if those interests were their
sioned an enlightened America
in which an educated people
would, by the check of their
knowledge, make it impossible
for representatives to do other,
that act on a one-to-one- Rous-'
Continued on Page 13
Brown Has Foot In Mouth Again
Jewish Floridian
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The Jewish Floridian has absorbed the Jewish Unity and the Jewish Weekly
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tien of English Jewish Newspapers, and ths Florida Press Association.
Out of Town Upon
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Volume 5
Friday, July 9, 1976
Number 14
11 TAMUZ 5736
President Ford rebuked Gen.
George S. Brown for saying
Jews own the banks and news-
papers and have too much in-
fluence over Congress. On Mon-
day. Brown told the Senate
Armed Services Committee he
still believes Jews have "undue
influence" over Congress.
Questioned later by Sen. Sam
Nunn (D., Ga.), Brown backed
away from "undue influence,"
and said he sees nothing "sin-
ister, wrong or illegal" about
Jewish lobbying efforts on be-
half of Israel.
The statements were made
as the committee considered
whether to approve a second
two-year term for Brown as
chairman of the Joint Chiefs of
BROWN'S original remarks
were made about Israel and the
Jewish lobby at a Duke Uni-
versity seminar on Oct. 10,
1974, when Brown, already Joint
Chiefs chairman, responded to
a question by suggesting that
Israel had too much influence
in Congress and said, "Jews
own, you know, the banks in
this country, the newspapers."
Brown was rebuked by the
President and then Defense
Secretary James R. Schlesinger,
but apologized and remained in
his post, to which he has now
been named for another term.
Brown acknowledged on Mon-
day to Sen. Robert Taft, Jr.
(R., Ohio) that he had said two
"wrong" things and one "inap-
propriate." The "wrong" asser-
tions were about banks and
newspapers. Asked about the
"inappropriate" remark, Brown
said, "I felt the Jewish com-
munity in the U.S. had an un-
due influence on the Congress
of the U.S."
ASKED BY Taft if he "still
feels that is true," Brown re
sponded, "In all candor I do,
but I feel it is not unusual.
There are other special inter-
est groups that have influence
or seek to achieve influence on
the Congress of the U.S."
When questioned by Nunn,
however, Brown retreated from
his earlier answer to Taft, say-
ing he supports the survival of
the State of Israel and repu-
diating "undue influence."
The dialogue, in part, was:
Nunn: "Do you believe the
American Jewish people have
undue influence with Cci -
Brown: "I felt the influence
of Jewish people was only one
of many lobbying activities."
NUNN ASKED again whether
Brown believes Jews have un-
due influence and Brown said,
"The Senator is better able to
answer that than I."
He added, "I would say that
I think that Jewish influence
in the interest of Israel *
absolutely proportional to the*
effort they put in they work
hard at it ... I have never im-
plied anything sinister, wrong
More Talks Needed
On Interim Aid
WASHINGTON (JTA) The Senate Appropriations
Committee approved a $5.35 billion foreign aid package for
fiscal 1977 on June 23 of which approximately $1.75 billion
would be earmarked for Israel in the form of military pur-
chase credits and economic supportive assistance.
An aide to Sen. Daniel K. Inouye (D., Hawaii), chajf-.
man of the subcommittee on foreign operations, told the*
Jewish Telegraphic Agency that further discussions would
be necessary to reach a compromise with the Ford Admin-
istration on transitional quarter funding for Israel.
INOUYE AND Sens. Clifford Case (R., N.J.), Hubert H.
Humphrey (D., Minn.) and Jacob K. Javits (R., N.Y.) were
part of a Congressional delegation that visited President
Ford at the White House. They and other supporters of in-
creased assistance to Israel reportedly suggested a com-
promise of $375 million to fund that country's military and
economic needs for the three-month period between the
end of fiscal 1976 on June 30 and the start of fiscal 1977
Oct. 1.

July 9, 1976
The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale
Page 5
Washington Post and Agnew Elicit Anger
within Washington's Jewish
community of 120,000
against The Washington
Post's news treatment and
commentaries about Middle
East events and its manifest
welcome of "public" divi-
sion among American Jews
^toward Jerusalem's policy
' was reaching high heat
when along came Spiro T.
Agnew's novel and inter-
views that piled irony upon
irony and created special
delights for anti liberals,
anti-Semites and all those
who would like to see Is-
rael squelched.
The Post's policy came
under protest from spokes-
men of major Jewish organ-
izations and others who saw
The Post deliberately select-
ing and emphasizing those
parts of news events that
darken Israel's image and
create an impression of
American Jewry publicly,
at last, breaking up from
j*olid support for the Jewish
AT THE same time, the critics
saw The Post, omitting or bury-
ing information that would tend
to bolster Israel's morale while
pointing up developments that
tended to encourage Arab pol-
iticians and the PLO, too, that
America is turning away from
The Post's treatment reached
a point where Israel Ambassa-
dor Chaim Herzog protested
formally against The Post's cha-
racterization of his remarks at
the UN Security Council re-
garding Israeli settlements as
marking an Israel-U.S. "clash."
The Post had made the
"clash" a top, front-page story.
Faced by intense criticism, The
Post finally edged back some,
suggesting in a commentary
that the U.S. should urge the
Arab states to recognize Israel.
AS THE Post's compaigning
gathered momentum, Agnew's
novel about a fictional U.S. Vice
President rolled off the press
and the disgraced ex-Vice Presi-
dent was on the airwaves and
elsewhere charging Jews dom-
inate the American "national
impact media" that in turn per-
suade the Administration and
the Congress to favor Israel and
oppress Arabs.
While plainly not in accord
on all their charges, Agnew and
The Post both welcomed the
"division" within Jewish ranks.
In addition, a Post individual of
considerable stature who be-
came irked by hearing samples
of selected news treatment, de-
clared "Jews were too sensi-
tive" to criticism.
Reminded Agnew said that
too, The Post person replied
"personally, I agree with him
on that Doint."
ANOTHER Post personality,
however, saw The Post as help-
ing prepare the groundwork for
an attempt by some within the
Administration to break Amer-
ican Jewish political power and
thereby enable it to work freely
towards a "settlement" on Arab
terms with a cosmetic cover of
"fairness" to satisfy most Amer-
icans the Middle East problem
is settled and America can pro-
ceed with patching up its rela-
tions with the Arab states and
the Third World.
Perhaps the first irony is that
The Post, generally regarded as
liberal, has been carping to-
ward Israel since the Yom Kip-
pur War despite the fact that
the Israelis are the only dem-
ocratic citizenry in the Middle
East. More irony is that The
Post, which has been touting
"moderate" Arabs, is among the
very media that Agnew has at-
tacked as "Jewish" and "pro-
Benjamin C. Bradlee, The
Post's executive editor, pointed
to the irony himself when ask-
ed by JTA for a statement on
his newspaper's offerings. "I
find it ironic that at the same
time Agnew is accusing The
Post of being Zionist, we're
hearing reports of some ele-
ments in the Jewish community
saying that we are anti-Israel,"
he said.
IN ASSESSING the feeling
against The Post as coming from
"some" elements, Bradlee seem-
ed to indicate that The Post's
viewpoint has wide Jewish sup-
port, too.
"We had Nahum Goldmann
in here," Bradlee noted, refer-
ring to a visit of the World
Jewish Congress president, who
has long been at odds with suc-
cessive Israeli governments.
The Post also had support in
statements like that of Sen-
Jacob K. Javits' warning to Is-
rael on the issue of West Bank
settlements, the opposition to
Israeli policy by a hundred
rabbis and others in New York;
the Social Action Commission
of the United American Hebrew
Congregations, and Breira's
drive for its support among
Jewish Americans of "alterna-
tives" to Israel policies.
IT WAS seen as not merely
coincidental that Sen. George
S. McGovern (D.. S.D.), who
favored Breira with a full-blown
description of it in the Congres-
sional Record, scheduled just at
this time a series of five hear-
ings on the Arab-Israeli con-
flict to get Senatorial perspec-
Ironic, too, is that television
companies that he attacked has
given Agnew wide exposure.
Disturbed by the quality of
some of the interviewers* ques-
tioning of Agnew, Hyman Book-
binder of the American Jewish
Committee suggested that in-
terviewers should "do their
homework" before taking on
Ivan M. Schaeffer, of the
American Jewish Congress in
Washington, specifically won-
dered why WTTG-TV had to of-
fer its SO-minute interview
twice in three days. Asked about
this by JTA, Vice President and
program director Stanley Ru-
dick explained that the first
show was for a daytime audience
and the second for night-time
cinating," Rudick said, adding
he felt the interviewers' com-
ments and questions put Agnew
"in perspective."
More deeply disturbing to
some observers than The Post's
methodology or Agnew's expo-
sure is that they seem to be
part of a trend that was con-
sidered unthinkable a half-
dozen years ago. The New York
Times has reported that anti-
Semitism exists in the State De-
partment while noting that it is
less there than what prevails in
Britain's Foreign Office.
In a CBS broadcast on attacks
against Secretary of State Hen-
ry A. Kissinger in the presi
dential primaries, commentatoi
Dan Rather said flatly that
anti-Semitism is a factor. After
the criticism leveled by many
Israelis and American Jews at
Kissinger's Middle East policy
and the praise he is getting
from Arabs, the attack on him
from an anti-Semitic standpoint
is seen as the most ludicrous,
but also the most dangerous, of
the ironies in the political mud
Soviet Jews' Rights
Sought by Petitions
A petition campaign, seeking
human rights for Soviet Jews,
was launched by the Commu-
nity Relations Committee's Com-
mission on Soviet Jewry when
Dr. Alexander Luntz, one of the
activists who initiated the peti-
tion in Moscow, visited Los An-
geles last month.
The campaign is part of a
worldwide movement to stop
Soviet violations of the Helsinki
CRC chairman is Maxwell E.
Greenberg. Commission chair-
man is Robert M. Shaft on.
LUNTZ, a distinguished sci-
entist and a key spokesman for
activists when he was in the
Soviet Union, was released last
February and is currently tour-
ing key cities in the U.S. to
mobilize support for the "refuse-
The petition campaign,
launched at a special meeting
of the commission, was signed
bv Sen. John Tunney. Mayor
Tom Bradley and members of
the Los Aneeles City Council,
led bv Councilmen John Fer-
raro and Zev Yaroslavsky.
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Page 6
The Jewish Florldian of Greater Fort Lauderdale
Friday, July 9, 1976-. w
JNF President Sage Dies at Testimonial
Maurice S. Sage, president of the
Jewish National Fund of Amer-
ica, collapsed June 22, short-
ly after he introduced Mrs. Bet-
ty Ford to the 2,500 persons
attending the JNF's Gala Bicen-
tennial Dinner. President Ford's
wife, visibly shaken and her
voice trembling, asked the au-
dience to bow their heads and
join her in a prayer for Dr.
"Can we all bow our heads
for Rabbi Sage?'' Mrs.
Ford asked the stunned
audience at the Hilton Hotel as
a doctor and Secret Servicemen
were trying to revive the 59-
year-old Zionist leader.
"DEAR FATHER in Heaven,"
Mrs. Ford prayed, '"we ask Thy
blessing on this magnificent
man. We know You can take
care of him. We know You can
bring us back our leader. You
are our strength. You are what
life is all about, love, and love
of fellow man is what we all
need and depend on. Please,
dear God. Let's all join together
in silent prayer for Rabbi Sage."
The incident occurred toward
the end of the evening in
which the First Lady was hon-
Margate School Registration Open
Applications are being taken
for the fall term of the reli-
gious school of the Margate
Jewish Center. Instruction at
all grade levels and in Sunday
Emanu-El Men
To Meet July 21
Manny Teich, president of the
Men's Club of Temple Emanu-
El, has announced a board
meeting on July 21. Members
of the executive board and the
club are invited to attend, as
are all past presidents and board
members. This meeting will be
of special significance to them.
The meeting will feature a
brain-picking interlude during
which the best ideas of all those
attending will be used to plan a
successful "Las Vegas Night"
and special membership dinner
and dance in this fall season.
Refreshments will be served.
School will be offered in its
expanded program.
Parents are urged to register
their children during the sum-
mer months. This will enable
the education committee to
plan properly for the anticipat-
ed registration increase. Stu-
dents may be enrolled daily ex-
cept Saturday from 9 a.m. to 1
For further information, call
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ored and was about to be pre-
sented with a Jerusalem silver
Bible and a key to the JNF Bi-
centennial Park near Jerusalem.
Dr. Sage was pronounced dead
at 11 p.m. in Polyclinic Hospi-
tal here of a heart attack.
The $150-a-plate dinner June
22 launched the American Bi-
centennial National Park south-
east of Jerusalem.
MINUTES before he collaps-
ed. Dr. Sage told the audience
that the $6 million park, "which
is the largest project endorsed
by the American Revolution
Bicentennial Administration in
celebration of our nation's her-
itage, will be dedicated in Is-
rael on the 4th of July in the
presence of the President of Is-
rael, Ephraim Katzir, U.S. Am-
bassador to Israel Malcolm
Toon, top Israeli and American
dignitaries and a large delega-
tion of American communal
Abram Salomon, JNF execu-
tive vice president, said that
$2,251,300 has been raised so
far for the Park in the United
States. Addressing the gather-
ing earlier in the evening, Is-
rael's Ambassador to the United
States, Simcha Dinitz, declared
that the United States "was and
always will be a great friend
of Israel."
He said that the U.S. wants
strong allies and a strong Israel
"is an asset to the U.S. A weak
Israel is a liability for Amer-
STATING that strengthening
Israel is "advancing the cause
of peace in the Mideast," Dinitz
observed that only with a strong
Israel will the Arabs realize that
the only way for a settlement
is through negotiations.
Jacob Tzur, world chairman
of the JNF in Jerusalem, said
that the Bicentennial Park in
Israel "will remind every citizen
of Jerusalem, every citizen of
Israel, of the great democracy
overseas, who taught us by its
example how to stand guard
over remote and difficult
stretches of land, who inspired
us in our pioneering tradition,
who has stood by us in difficult
Dr. Sage, an internationally-
known chemist, had been presi-
dent of the JNF for eight
months. Prior to that he had
served as treasurer and a mem-
ber of the board for several
HE WAS formerly president
of the Religious Zionists of
America. He was also a for-
mer treasurer of the Conference
of Presidents of Major Amer-
ican Jewish Organizations, a
member of the United Jewish
Appeal Cabbnet, chairman of
special projects for State of Is-
rael Bonds, a member of the
board of Bar-Ilan University,
vice president of the Worla
Zionist Congress and chairman
of the board of the Jewish
Week, a weekly in New York
Dr. Sage was born in Russia*,
and moved with his family to
Paris after World War I. He
received his education at the
Rabbinical Seminary in Paris
and later graduated from the
Facultv of Science at the Uni-
versity of Paris.
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1735 N.E. 163rd STREET

Friday, July 9, 1976
The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale
Page 7
Mondale Backs
Breaking Boycott
"The boycott by Arab na-
tions of firms that do busi-
ness with Israel is reprehen-
sible," Sen. Walter Mondale
(D., Minn.) told an Israel
Bond drive dinner here.
The Senator announced
his strong support of two
measures aimed at break-
ing the boycott in the United
MONDALE noted that "the
boycott has the destructive
side-effect of poisoning rela-
tions among American firms,
and striking at the principle of
non-discrimination upon which
our social and legal svstem is
The boycott affects not only
companies that do business with
Israel but also companies whose
officers or major stockholders
have been identified not only as
nro-Israeli. but also of the Jew-
ish faith, he said.
Such Minnesota firms as Re-
serve Mining Company and
Scherr-Tumica of St. James are
on the Arab blacklist as are
such major national corpora-
tions as Coca-Cola, CBS, Ford
Motor Company and Korvette.
"THERE ARE two ways of
dealing with this danger and I
strongly support both of them.''
Mondale pointed out.
"I am co-sponsoring Sen.
(Abraham) Ribicoff s (D., Conn.)
bill to deny U.S. tax advantages
including the foreign tax
credit, deferral and Domestic
International Sales Corporation
benefitson any foreign source
income earned as a result of
participation in the boycott.
This would eliminate the tax
benefits that have led many
firms to choose economic self-
interest over moral and legal
principles of the United States."
The second way of combatting
this problem, is dealt with in a
bill offered by Sen. Adlai Stev-
enson (D., 111.) that soon should
be before the Senate for a vote,
Mondale said.
HE SAJD it would provide for
mandatory reporting of all de-
mands, and an accounting of
whether a U.S. firm plans to
comply, with full public dis-
closure of all such requests and
When a nurse meets our
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Page 8
The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale
Friday, July 9, 1976 -
Proclaim Liberty
4: A ^ *

P*il,iP*w QTiiM

j8fllii ^"i>^#il'N"

Proclaim Liberty. Abraham Illinois Jew, gave this American flag to President Abraham Lincoln.lts Biblical inscription^ Joshua 15)gave words of hope to a
young nation during difficult days."Be strong and of good courage. Do not be afraid. Do not fear. For the Lord your God is with you in all that you undertake.

"Proclaim Liberty throughout
the land unto all the inhabitants
thereof..." Leviticus
In 1776, descendants of
pilgrims who came to the
shores of America in order to
escape persecution and preju-
dice proclaimed themselves a
free people.
In 1948, after two thou-
sand years of persecution and
prejudice, the survivors of
pogroms and the Holocaust
returned to their ancient home-
land, EretzYisrael.
Two peoples whose lives
have been intertwined for
Two cultures that grew up
on the same values and
the strong determination
that no one shall hold
them in bondage...
Dreamers of humanistic
ideals who had the
courage to make their
dreams come true...
Two traditions that
continue to nourish each
other by steady
exchanges of scientific
knowledge, artistic crea-
tivity and spiritual wisdom.
We, the people of the
United States, and the people
of Israel are both composites of
many cultures, many different
ways of life. The similarity,
however, does not end there,
for our two peoples also chose
to govern themselves by the
same rules of democracy. Our
goals are "Liberty and justice
for all" and the improvement of
the quality of human life.
The American Jewish
community has been as much
a part of the creation of the
United States, its growth and
development, as the people of
Israel are the realization of
Zionthe creation of a Jewish
This dream has been
aided by the work of our Feder-
ations and the United Jewish
Appeal for more than a
generation. In the 1930s and
during World War II, the
American Jewish community
helped shelter the homeless,
care for the elderly, educate the
young and resettle refugees.
Since 1948, this rolethis
responsibilityhas taken on an
enriched dimension, as the
American Jewish community
became a partner in the up-
lifting of the people of Israel.
Through our community
campaigns, the American
Jewish community has contrib-
uted to the well-being of millions
of Jews in need. And throuqh
the constant emphasis on the
value of human life, American
Jews have led the struggle for
dignity and freedom for all men
the world over.
In 1976, the Jews of the
United States rejoice in their
nation's Bicentennial celebra-
tion and take pride in their
shared achievements and
contributions to American life,
remembering the words of
Supreme Court Justice Louis
Brandeis: "That the Twentieth
Century ideals of America have
been the ideals of the Jewish
people for more than 20

-J- Friday, July 9, 1976
The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale
Page 9
Proclaim Liberty
Help from HIAS. Organized in 1884 to assist Jewish
immigrants in adjusting to life in the United States,
HIAS continues its rescue and resettlement work to
this day. It is supported by funds raised by the
United Jewish Appeal.
Orchard Street, Mew York Oty. Unusual energy and
vitality characterized New York's Jewish ghetto on the
Lower East Side, shown here circa 1898. The children
of ghetto dwellers soon began to look for a better
life in the suburbs.
The Sweatshop. Once in the United States, many Jewish immigrants found employment in the needle
trades, where long hours and terrible working conditions were facts of life. The sweatshop was a reality for
thousands of youngsters who had to work to help support their families.
Freedom. A Jewish immigrant learns to write the
most precious word in his vocabulary.

Page 10
The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale
Friday, July 9, 1976
^abhmixal T$n$t
co-ordinated by lha
Greater Miami Rabbinical Association
Dr. MUx A. liptchite Rabbi Robert J. Orkand
devoted to discussion of themes and issues relevant to Jewish life past and present
The Making of a Sef er Torah
By Rabbi Seymour Friedman
Executive Director
United Synagogue of America
In South Miami Beach Rabbi
Y. S. Halpern is continuing the
traditional role of the Sofer.
Although his talents and skills
are used in many ways, such as
the writing of Ketuboth (mar-
riage contracts), Gitin (divorce
papers) and other similar legal
religious documents, his pri-
mary concern is in the writing
of Sifrei Torahs.
Rabbi Halpern studied this
craft in Jerusalem under the
direction of Rav Nahman Klein,
a descendent of the Hasam So-
fer, one of the most renowned
men in this field. Rabbi Hal-
pern, who wrote a Sefer Torah
for the late Rabbi Unterman,
the Chief Ashkenazi Rabbi of
Israel, has been involved in this
work for 22 years.
It is hard to know how to
describe the work of a Sofer.
The beautiful workmanship of
his manuscript makes me want
to describe it as artistic but
an artist calls on his own ideas
and inspiration. The Sofer is
forced to exercise his artistry
within very strictly defined
limits: every aspect of his work
is controlled by rules laid down
over a thousand years ago.
THE RULES and regulations
are contained in a special trea-
tise called Masechet Soferim,
compiled about 1,400 years ago.
Its 21 chapters set out in me-
ticulous detail every conceiv-
able aspect of the work of writ-
ing a Sefer Torah. There are
regulations about the size of
columns, the number of col-
umns to a leaf of parchment,
the number of lines to the col-
umn, and the amount of space
to be left between words and
around letters, as well as the
annearance of the letters them-
selves. If the Sofer deviates in
even the tiniest detail from any
of these regulations, his work
is dosuI (unfit for use).
Even the material with which
a Sofer works is controlled by
tradition. The parchment on
which he writes has to be made
from the skin of a kosher
animal. Rabbi Halpern told me
that he normally prefers to use
parchment made from calfskin,
for this is soft and supple. He
prepares the parchment himself
soaking the skins first in
water and then, over a period
of weeks, in a lime solution.
This procedure softens the skin
so that all the hair and fibers
can be removed with a knife.
This soaking, incidentally, is
done at an ordinary tannery,
where the lime baths on other
occasions are used to soak hides
that will eventually be put to
more secular uses, such as
drumheads! This does not mat-
ter, but it is important that a
special prayer is pronounced at
the outset to dedicate the skin
for the making of a Sefer To-
rah. If this prayer is omitted,
the parchment cannot be used.
The skin is soaked initially for
three weeks and then, after the
hair has been carefully scraped
off with a knife, it is put into
another lime solution for a fort-
The skin is then pinned with
strings to a frame for drying.
The strings are attached to
small screws on the frame
which are tightened during the
drying process in order to
stretch the skin to the required
size. This has to be done with
care so that the skin does not
crack an expensive mistake,
as it can take up to 62 calfskins
to make sufficient parchment
for one scroll.
NOT ONLY does the scribe
prepare his own parchment; he
also .has to make all his own
writing materials: he cuts his
own pens and mixes his own
ink. The ink is made by boiling
up a mixture of gallnuts, cop-
per sulphate crystals and gum
arabic. Rabbi Halpern does this
in a small saucepan on his
kitchen stove, and the resulting
ink is a shiny black. It is inter-
esting that this mixture, incor-
porating copper sulphate cry-
stals, was known even in Tal-
mudic times, IS centuries ago.
The Sefer Torah must be writ-
ten with a quill pen, which Rab-
bi Halpern cuts from goose or
turkey feathers.
Before any writing is done
on the parchment the Sofer
must rule his lines: it is for-
bidden to write a Sefer Torah
on unhned parchment. Rabbi
Halpern draws his lines by mak-
ing tiny holes at each end of
his roll, using a metal ruler as
a guide and indenting a line
with a small awl. This gives him
a clear guideline to work on but
is quite invisible once the man-
uscript is completed.
An average calfskin produces
a piece of parchment wide
enough to write four or, at the
most, five columns. Each col-
umn by tradition must be wide
enough to write three rimes the
longest word that occurs in the
Torah that is, in practice
about 5 inches wide. Another
reason is that each column
should be no wider than a man
can comfortably read without
moving his head from side to
side. The size of the margin be-
tween the columns is also care-
fully regulated.
Maimonides, the Medieval
Jewish codifier and philosopher,
wrote that the ideal height for
a column should be the width
of 17 fingers as 17 is consid-
ered to be a good number, being
the numerical value of the word
tov. Rood. Maimonides also pre-
scribed that the margin at the
too of the scroll should be three
fingerbreadths, that at the bot-
tom four fingerbreadths and the
margin between the columns
two finRerbreadths. These mea-
surements are retained today.
BEFORE a Sofer can sit down
to write any part of a scroll he
must be ritually clean and he
therefore goes to a ritual bath
(mikvah) each day before he
commences work. He also pro-
nounces a special prayer, "I am
writing this for the sake of the
holiness of a Sefer Torah," be-
fore he starts work. The idea of
this oraver is to concentrate
the scribe's mind on his task.
He must be free of all distrac-
A scribe must not write a
Sefer Torah from memory, how-
ever well he knows the words.
He must coov everv word from
an authorized text. Rabbi Hal-
pern uses as his guide a book
written by a Polish Sofer at
the end of the 19th century.
This has the complete text of
the five books of Moses. It
shows exactly how much space
to allow between words so that
both margins are kept straight.
Aoart from the obvious aesthe-
tic virtue of straight columns
it is forbidden to write in the
margin and to add to the
complexity of the scribe's tasks,
there are only certain letters
which can be elongated to make
the lines of even lengths.
There are also certain letters
which have to be written either
larger or smaller than die rest.
Throughout the scroll theie are
about 20 such letters, and for
each of the deviations the rab-
bis have an explanation. The
Sofer must remember each of
these minute details, as well as
the sections, such as the Hymn
of the Red Sea crossing, which
have to be set out in a special
way. If he fails in even the
smallest detail the scroll is con-
sidered unfit for use, unless the
mistake can be corrected.
I asked Rabbi Halpern what
happens if he makes a mistake
when working on a scroll. He
explained that it could be cor-
rected the ink can be erased
with a knife and pumice stone.
But should a mistake be made
in the writing of any of the
names of God this cannot be
corrected and the parchment
cannot be used. Special atten-
tion has to be given to the writ-
ing of the names of God. It must
be done without any interrup-
tion. According to die Book of
Soferim, "Even if the King of
Israel should then greet him,
he is forbidden to reply."
Inside Judaica
Q Can the Bar Mltzvah
be celebrated on a day other
than the Sabbath?
A. The calling up to the
reading of the Torah is a sym-
bol of a boy's attaining maturity.
Among observant Jews in East-
ern Europe, the Encyclopaedia
Judaica states, the boy was us-
ually called to the Torah on the
Mondav or the Thursday fol-
lowing his birthday.
In Western Europe the occa-
sion took on a more ceremonial
importance, and it was custom-
ary for the Bar Mitzvah boy to
be called up to the Torah to
read the "maftir" portions and
the "haftorah" on the first Sab-
bath after his birthday when
morning service assumes a more
festive atmosphere. After the
service, a festive "kiddush" is
often held, with a banquet on
the ume or the following day.
ft 6 -to
Q. What Is the Bat Mitz
A. "Bat Mitzvah" ("daugh-
ter of the commandments") is a
term denoting the attainment of
religious and legal maturity of
a girl at the age of 12 plus one
dav. It was officially introduced
in France and Italy and widely
adopted in other countries.
11 TAMUZ 7:56
Should Jewish Children
Enter the Professions?
Temple Judea
Along with the Enfamil, we
Jews manage to force-feed our
children with generous doses
of propaganda. By the time
Jewish children have given up
the bottle, they know that it is
their bounden duty to go to col-
lege and to enter one of the
"professions." By the time they
are juniors or seniors in high
school, they have a morbid
dread of not going to college.
Their parents do not even
consider the possibility of their
children's not going to college.
It is not a question of "whether
college," only of "which col-
lege." It is only the child who
is so without intellect that
college is not even a remote
possibility who escapes the
pressure of peer and family.
Needless to say, the college
education for which parents
generally sacrifice so much is
aimed either directly or indi-
rectly at preparing the student
for a particular kind of job
upon graduation; perhaps the
education is to prepare the child
for a graduate education which
will culminate in a job.
THERE IS nothing wrong with
helping our children to obtain
all that education. Not if the
children really want it. But to
pressure them into accepting it
so that they may prepare for a
career of which thev are not
desirous or, worse yet, one
which they do not want or even
find hateful, is to do them a
great disservice.
Our era of higher education
and reliance upon technology
has taught us that there is no-
thing dishonorable or disgrace-
ful about working with one's
hands. It is not a disgrace not
to be a "professional." Anyone
who has had recourse to the
services of any one of the par-
sons who service or. repair any
of the various technical devices
upon which we depend can only
recognize the value of vocation-
al training. John W. Gardner
said it very well when he ob-
served that an excellent plumb-
er is of infinitely more worth
than an incompetent philoso-
We Jewish parents who would
help our children might do well
to recognize that there is a vast
vocational field that does not
demand a college degree. We
would do well to recognize that
a vocation that brings satisfac-
tion as well as remuneration is
of vital importance to the well-
being of our children.
And Moses smote the rock with his rod
twice; and water came forth abundantly (Num.
HUKKAT The portion begins with "the statute
of the law" of the red heifer, whose ashes "shall be
kept for the congregation of Israel as a water of
sprinkling ... a purification from sin" (Numbers 19:9).
At the outset of their fortieth year in the wilderness, the
children of Israel reached the desert of Zin and halted
at Kadesh. There Miriam died. When the water gave
out, God instructed Moses and Aaron to gather the
Israelites before a rock; Moses was to speak to the rock
and it would gush water. But Moses, irritated at the
people's complaints, struck the rock with his rod. For
this lack of faith in the divine power, Moses and Aaron
were punished with never being able to enter the Prom-
ised Land. From Kadesh the children of Israel moved
on to mount Hor, where Aaron died. Thence they circled
the land of Edom, and arrived at Transjordan from the
east, defeating the forces of Sihon, king of the Amorites,
and Og, king of Bashan.
"And Balaam saw Israel and said: .
How goodly are thy tents, O Jacob, thy dwellings,
0 Israel" (Num. 24:2-5).
BALAK Hearing of the Israelites' victory over
the Amorites, Balak, king of Moab, became frightened.
Jointly with the elders of Midian, he sent messengers
to Balaam, the son of Beor, urging him to curse Israel.
Balaam was both a soothsayer and a prophet, and it
was believed that his curse would lead to the defeat of
the Israelites. But Balaam, hearkening to the voice of
God, twice refused to accompany Balak's messengers
on the hostile mission. Finally God said to Balaam: "Go
with the men; but only the word that I shall speak unto
thee, that thou shah speak" (Numbers 23:35). En route
to Balak, an angel warned Balaam. When he' arrived,
he had Balak build seven altars and make appropriate
sacrificial offerings preliminary to Balaam's cursing Is-
rael. But when the time came, Balaam gave the Israel-
ites his blessing instead of his curse. This reversal was
repeated three times.
Moabite and Midianite women seduced some of the
Israelites, persuading them to worship the idol Baal of
Peor. As a result, a plague broke out in the Israelite
camp. The plague ceased only when Phinehas stabbed
an Israelite man to death for consorting with a Midianite

Friday, July 9, 1976
The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale
Page 11
Jewish Roots Entwined in Beginnings of Our Nation
Continued from Page 1
in furrows of the Old World
came to flower in the New.
Some Jews came to America
well supplied with this world's
goods and with merchandising
abilities. Others entered Amer-
ican history via the hot, crowd-
ed, stuffy and windowless quar-
ters of steerage accommoda-
tions, their pockets often stuffed
with bread and sausage for sus-
tenance during the long voyage.
SOME JEWS left their Old
World homes of their own free
will. Many more left to save
their lives. Some Jews arrived
in America with business or
educational and religious re-
putations well established.Others
came with noting but pioneer-
ing spirits and determination.
Amid the frontier living condi-
tions of 18th century America,
the Jews were for the most part
preoccupied with the business
of making a living and provid-
ing for their modest synagogues,
their cemeteries and their poor.
Tn the epic panorama of
American Jewish history, good
Jews became good Americans.
In the building of America,
American Jewry contributed far
beyond the significance of its
modest numbers.
VOLUMES not yet written
will be required to record the
epic which saw the fusion of
the Jews of half of Europe's
lands to produce the new ethnic
type the "American" Jew.
The first and to date the only
rounded-out work of scientific
caliber describing in detail the
American Jewish unfolding cov-
ers onlv the Colonial years to
1776. ("The Colonial American
Jew." Professor Jacob Rader
Marcus. 1970, three volumes.)
Professor Marcus' study is the
fruit of years of hewing through
what he describes as "a jungle
Arrival of the first Jewish settlers in America, 23 refu-
gees from Brazil, is captured in the medal by Karen
Worth for the Judaic Heritage Society. The 23 came to
Dutch New Amsterdam in September, 1654.
of fact, half-fact, and enthno-
centric schmoose." Professor
Marcus, who is without doubt
the dean of American Jewish
historians, who is himself part
of American Jewish history, is
now actively at work on the
extension of his definitive Col-
onial-period work.
Anyone who will take the
trouble to look into the day-to-
day lives of the Jews of Amer-
ica since the September 1654
arrival of "the 23" may see two
underlying or overlaying torces
common to the developing
years. One is the pattern of
struggle, struggle for "rights,"
beginning with the struggle of
the arriving founding fathers
just to be allowed to remain in
the colony of Dutch New Am-
sterdam. The other "force" is
the strength inherent in the
Jewish heritage enabling the
new Americans to survive as
Jews a strength that has en-
abled the, Jewish people to sur-
vive through 4,000 years of war,
dispersion and exile.
IN THEIR first struggles for
"rights," the Jewish "Pilgrim
Fathers" had to fight the me-
dieval-minded Peter Stuyvesant
and his cohorts governing the
colony who sought to deny the
Jews nearly all rights. One Jew,
Asser Levy, stands out in the
beginning history of the Jews
of America for his dogged per-
sistence in fighting for the right
of a Jew to bear arms with his
fellow colonists in defense of
the town against the Indians
and the consequent special taxa-
tion for the enforced exemp-
tion from service.
Except for the Mexican Mar-
ranos, Levy is considered to
have been the first colonist of
Jewish antecedents to bear arms
for the defense of an organized
community in North America.
Within three years, the Jews
had won the right to trade, own
land and hold services of wor-
ship in private. These rights
were extended under English
rule. By 1740, according to Mar-
cus, the Jew had almost un-
limited economic opportunity in
the British Empire as a whole,
as well as in the American
provinces civil equality, of
course, not being political equal-
ity, another story.
IN THE struggle for religious
liberty, the Medallic History of
the Jews of America marks the
milestone of the first synagogue
designed and built in continen-
tal North America, 35 feet
square and 21 feet high, con-
secrated on the seventh day of
Passover, April 8, 1730.
The small band of proud
Jews who braved the spiritual
wilderness of Colonial America
had cause for deep and abiding
satisfaction as they plodded
through the ever-present mud
and dust of New York's Mill
Street to their Sabbath morning
THROUGH the ensuing years,
other synagogues took shape in
Emma Lazarus and U.S. Vision
Detroit Jewish News
MMA LAZARUS is a name
indelibly recorded in Amer-
ican-Jewish history. "The New
Colossus," which has given her
world fame as a champion of
rights for homeless is engraved
for all generations on the Statue
of Liberty on Bedloes Island in
New York Harbor.
The basic facts are recorded
and frequently repeated as a
l reminder of the eminent poet's
lie as an interpreter of Jew-
sh ideals.
She was born in New York
:ity July 22, 1849, wrote her
first poem when she was 14,
id in 1871 her first book of
f verse came off the press.
The year 1971, therefore, mark-
ed the centenary of her emer-
gence as a poet of note whose
writings were commended by
Ralph Waldo Emerson and other
noted American writers.
FIFTEEN years later she was
to become world famous for her
poem "The New Colossus"
which was engraved on the
Statue of Liberia to be read by
[millions to this day.
During its Bicentennial, this
ation observes the 104th year
the appearance on the Amer-
_an scene of the eminent lady
rhose verses grace the plaque
_ the imperishable statue that
,Aras the creation of Frederic
f August Bartholdi and was the
gift of France to the United
This statue is 50 feet higher
than the Colossus of Rhodes to
which Emma Lazarus referred
in the first line of her famous
Not like the brazen giant
of Greek fame,
With conquering limbs
astride from land to land,
Here at our sea-washed
Sunset gates shall stand,
A mighty woman, with a
torch, whose flame
Is the imprisoned lightning,
and her name
Mother of Exiles .
WHEN HER poem "The New
Colossus" was chosen for the
Bartholdi monument, it was a
bright occasion for the noted
poet who died in her 38th year
Nov. 19, 1887 only one
year after the poem was im-
mortalized on the national
monument, the Statue of Liber-
ty Enlightening the World.
It was on Oct. 28, 1886, that
President G r o v e r Cleveland
formally dedicated the Statue
of Liberty.
Emma Lazarus, one of the un-
forgotten geniuses of American
Jewry, was the daughter of
Moses and Esther Lazarus, Or-
thodox Jews of aristocratic
Portuguese lineage. Raised in
welathy and sheltered surround-
ings, she was educated by pri-
vate tutors and spent her youth
among the well-to-do.
FULLY a decade before Dr.
ThTodor Herzl convened the
First World Zionist Congress in
Basle, in 1897, Emma Lazarus'
imagination was fired by the
Palestine idea and she wrote a
series of "Epistles to the He-
brews" in which she outlined a
Dlan for the repatriation of the
Jews to their ancient homeland.
In prose and in verse she
pleaded for justice to the Jew.
The vigor of her writings and
the sincerity of her pleas gave
notice that a giant advocate had
arisen to defend the rights of
the Jews. In poem after poem,
she counseled a Zion rebuilt,
depicted the tragedy of a ha-
a growing America and a pa-
rade of sturdy religious leaders
who served generations of con-
gregants is permanently record-
ed in the medallic history.
"The stability of Judaism in
America," Henry Samuel Mo-
rais wrote in 1880, "is supreme-
ly due to the endeavors of a
few ministers of foreign birth
who labored with a singleness
of purpose." Theirs were the
skillful hands needed "to weed,
to prune, and to plant anew" in
the "wild, uncultivated plain"
of the communal condition of
the Hebrews in this country.
Eighteenth century Jewish life
as portrayed in the various sub-
jects of the Medallic History of
the Jews of America reveals the
American Jew's prominence in
the world of commerce. Jacob
Franks (1688-1769), and family,
of German and English origin,
has been considered a classic
example of a family working
closely together in business, a
situation frequently found in
Colonial and post-Revolutionary
BY THE middle of the cen-
tury, Jacob was considered the
outstanding Jewish merchant in
all North America. Among the
important tidewater merchant
shippers of Newport, New York
and Philadelphia, Newport's
Aaron Lopez was at the height
of his career one of the great-
est Jewish merchant shippers of
the 18th century. The pioneer
Jewish merchant of Colonial
America did more than his
share to make life more com-
fortable through the necessities
and luxuries he provided by im-
port, manufacture and distribu-
Our Crow6
By Roz fleminq
rassed Israel and created word
pictures which, for prophetic
and beautiful expression of the
age-long cry of the Jews, have
seldom been equaled.
The writing of "The New Col-
ossus" was a direct outgrowth
of Emma Lazarus' belated but
passionate concern for the safe-
ty of her fellow Jews. Despite
her delicate health, she spent
many days visiting the haggard
and ragged Jewish immigrants
from Russia and Rumania who
crowded the immigration sta-
tion on War Island in 1881 and
THOSE WERE the years when
Americans were asked to con-
tribute to the $300,000 fund to
build the pedestal on which the
Statue of Liberty was to stand.
Money was slow in coming.
Many devices were used to
raise the funds.
Constance Gary Harrison was
one of the group of public spirit-
ed women who arranged rum-
mage sales and sold souvenirs
to secure the necessary funds
for that purpose. She was col-
lecting poems, drawings and
stories for publication in a
souvenir book to be sold for the
benefit of the pedestal fund.
Emma Lazarus was not keen to
write for souvenir books and at
first declined Mrs. Harrison's
reauest for a poem.
But when Mrs. Harrison re-
minded Miss Lazarus "of the
Goddess standing on the pedes-
tal down yonder in the bay and
holding her torch to those Rus-
sian refugees of yours whom
vou are so fond of visiting," the
Jewish ooet was galvanized into
action. "The New Colossus" was
her contribution to Mrs. Har-
rison's souvenir book and it
soon became the po*m to be
fastened to the insWp of the
base of the Statue of Liberty.
Just back from our vacation
in the north-central part of
the state while there we
went up to Ocala to visit the
bsautifulu 150-acre farm of for-
mer Fort Lauderdale friends
Jim and Gwen Druck. Gwen
drove us all around Ocala on
the "Cook's Tour" and showed
us the Jewish cemetery, which
dates back to the early 1800s.
Did you know that Ocala is the
oldest Jewish community in
Mazel Tov to Hadassah and
Moishe Silberman on the birth
of their lovely daughter, Karen.
Although the Silbermans are
both Israelis, they didn't meet
until they were in America.
How's that for the "it's a small
world" department? There was
a big Israeli-type celebration
for Karen's arrival, complete
with music and Bea Kra-
mer entertained with guitar-
playing and the singing of Is-
raeli folksongs.
Congratulations to two of our
local high school graduates:
Scott, son of Dr. and Mrs. Er-
vin Barr, and Debbie, daughter
of Mr. and Mrs. Michael Palat-
GET READY lor the opening
of a new ice-cream parlor .
the "2c Plain" don't you
love the name? ... on Univer-
sity Drive. Libby Snyder is do-
ing the decorating (her hus-
band, Phil, is one of the own-
ers) and we wish them the
bsst of luck.
I hear that the Plantation
Chapter of the National Council
of Jewish Women is really a
lively group doing lots of
exciting things. Their study
group recently was visited by
Rabbi Brusawankin, a Hasidic
rabbi from Miami Beach who
enthralled the group with his
dynamic insight into the Hasi-
dic way of life.
Then on June 12 they
had a Mystery Night with
a treasure hunt at the Treas-
ury un to Nathan's and
then back to the home of Fred
and Fran Schopp for coffee,
cake and planning next event.
If you're interested in joining
this group, call Judy Solomon
at 584-3556.
I am looking in my mailbox
every day now, hoping to iind
letters or postcards from you.
. How are we going to know
what's going on with you if you
don't let me know????? 840
Oleander Dr., Plantation 33317.
DID SOME more reading .
think you'll be interested in a
book by Meyer Levin (author
of the famous "Compulsion"
and "The Settlers," among oth-
ers). It's called "In Search" and
is his autobiography of finding
his Jewish heritage, coming to
grips with himself as a man, a
writer, and most especially as
a Jew. I would suggest you pick
up a copy it's in paper-
back The first part, which
deals mainly with Levin as a
youth, is slow reading but
when you get to the sections
dealing with Europe during the
war and the founding of
Israel you will not be able
to put the book down!
Also read, and loved, "The
Flavor of Jerusalem" by Joan
Nathan and Judy Stacey Gold-
man It's published by Little,
Brown and is beautifully
written and illustrated and has
recipes from all factions of the
people of Jerusalem, the Jews
from all over the world, the
Arabs, the Christians It's a
most unusual cookbook and
you'll want it for yourself .
and to give as gifts.

Page 12
The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale
Friday, July 9, 1976
New Harassments
By Soviets Told
ships, harassment and delay
continue to be the lot of Soviet
Jews applying for emigration
visas according to the latest in-
formation reaching here from
the Soviet Union.
In Kishinev, where newspa-
pers have carried anti-Zionist
and anti-Semitic articles in re-
cent weeks, applicants who were
granted visas have been forced
to evacuate their apartments
one month before their sched-
uled departure for Israel.
FOR THE past six months, the
family reunion invitations from
Israel which the Soviet author-
ities require before they will
even consider a visa applica-
tion, have not been getting
through to Jews in Kishinev.
The same situation prevails
in Kiev. In the latter city, a
scientific seminar run by "re-
fusniks" was harassed by pol-
ice. The last one was held in a
Dark after two Jewish scientists
who came from Moscow to lec-
ture were physically ejected
from the city.
In Moscow, the lOOftr session
of a seminar on "mathematical
application to medicine" was
held, however, at the apartment
of Prof. Alexander Lerner.
JEWISH sources reported that
Boris Shtern, a member of the
journalists' union in Kalinin-
grad, has been refused an exit
visa and his son, Maurice, has
been threatened with conscrip-
tion into the army.
In Moscow, Joseph Elkind, a
lawyer who once headed a col-
ony for the rehabilitation of
juvenile delinquents, has ap-
plied for an emigration visa but
has received no reply. He fears
he may be turned down because
his former employer was the
Ministry of Interior.
A group of Jewish army vet-
erans in Moscow who were re-
fused visas because of their
military service, took their case
directly, to the Soviet Defense
Ministry last rponth. They were
interviewed separately and told
their cases would be reviewed.
THIRTY-FOUR Jewish activ-
ists in Minsk, among them for-
mer Red Army Col. Lev. Ovi-
scher, have signed a petition to
the Soviet government urging it
to resume diplomatic relations
with Israel in the interests of
Middle East peace.
Ovischer had applied for a
visa to go to Israel but was re-
fused. It was reported, mean-
while, that the widow of the
late Col. Yefim Davidovich, the
Red Army hero who died in
Minsk last April, has applied
for an emigration visa for her-
self, her daughter adn grand-
Her husband had been re-
peatedly refused a visa "on
grounds of security.
SEC Admits Laws
Bow to Boycott
The Securities and Exchange
Commission has acknowledg-
ed that the securities laws
require American corpora-
tions to disclose whether
they are complying with the
Arab boycott of Israel.
This was stated in a letter
from SEC Chairman Roder-
ick M. Hills to Rep. Bella S.
Abzug (D.L., N.Y.) who had
requested "the opinion of
NW 57th St. Conaarvatlva. Rabbi
laraal Zimmerman. **A
Oakland Park Blvd. Rabbi Philip A.
Labowitz. Cantor Mavriea Natj. 4*.
land Park Blvd Roform Rabbi Jeal
S. Ooor. Cantar Jaroma Kltmont. 40
4171 Stirling Rd. Orthodox. Rabbi
Moth* Bomxtr. St
GATION 400 S Nob Hill Rd. Litt-
oral Reform. Rabbi Sholdon J. Harr.
7473 N.W. 4th St. 00
Avo. Conaorvativa. Rabbi Morria A
Skop. Cantor Jacob Ronzor. 40
NW 9th St. Conaorvativa. 44B
7040 Margate Blvd. Conaorvativa.
Cantor Chariot Perlmin.
OREGATION. 3721 NW 100th Avo.
Roform. Rabbi Max Waltz. 44
Rabbi David Baront. 02
twrjr Vlllaoo Baa' Conaarvatlva.
Haym Salomon was twice arrested by the British and twice escaped
Silent Majority Speaks;
Agnew's Jewish Obsessio
the Commission as to the
conditions under which par-
ticipation by a corporation
in an economic boycott must
be reported to the SEC and
to the public."
HILLS SAID in his letter that
companies participating in such
boycotts must disclose their par-
ticipation in any instance where
it has a material adverse effect
upon corporate "income, assets
(including good will) or prof-
The securities laws disclosure
requirement also applies to any
boycott participation that would
be "of importance to investors."
Abzug, chairperson of the
House Government Information
and Individual Rights Subcom-
mittee, said that this statement
marks the first instance in
which the U.S. securities laws
have been interpreted to re-
quire disclosure of boycott par-
ABZUG expressed the hope
that "this determination on the
SEC's part marks the beginning
of an active effort to enforce
strictly this requirement."
She added that "The public
has the right to know which
corporations are participating in
the Arab boycott Private
citizens, as well as the SEC,
may go to court to require dis-
closure and I hope that this val-
uable tool will receive frequent
and successful use in efforts to
crush the boycott."
A recent study, by another
House subcommittee revealed
that over 90 percent of the 637
corporations reporting to the
Department of Commerce on
boycott participation had com-
plied with boycott demands
from Arab countries.
majority isn't keeping silent
about the sex scandals in Wash-
ington. Judging from our mail,
they are upset over the moral
conduct on Capitol Hill.
The public is asking whether
the sex stories are typical of
the conduct in Congress. Our
.investigation indicates the moral
standards on Capitol Hill are
about the same as they are any-
BUT THE rules and customs
in Congress prohibit one mem-
ber from disparaging another in
public. Senators and congress-
men can also shut themselves
behind thick oaken dors. Their
staffs act as buffers between
them and unwanted intrusions.
This has produced a protec-
tive, permissive atmosphere
which, in the past, has shielded
the philanderers. But the hanky-
panky in the backrooms of Con-
gress doesn't appear to be any
worse, for example, than in the
board rooms of the great cor-
Most of the affairs on Capitol
Hill are normal office romances
between consenting adults. To
illustrate, here are a few stories
that our staff has checked out.
We are omitting the names be-
cause these girls earn their gov-
ernment salaries. They aren't
really paid by the taxpayers to
be mistresses.
has squired a number of beauti-
ful girls to a dimly lit, Capitol
Hill watering hole. One evening
he showed up with his wife.
The waitress, in a naughty
stage whisper, said to the sen-
ator: "Not up to your usual
standards, Senator."
A FEW congressmen have
maneuvered to take their lovers
along on overseas trips. A Penn-
sylvania congressman carefully
arranged for his paramour to
take a separate plane and meet
him in Colombia.
A New Jersey congressman
slips out with his secretary al-
most every day to spend an
hour necking, like a couple of
high school kids, in his car in
the Rayburn garage-
There are perhaps a dozen
more such stories. But these are
the exceptions. The average
Member of Congress seems to
be as moral as the people who
sent him to Congress.
FRIENDLY Investigator: La-
bor Secretary William Usery
recently gave a resounding en-
dorsement to the mob-linked
Teamsters Union and its embat-
tled president, Frank Fitzsim-
mons. Yet this same Usery is
in charge of investigating the
While he was praising the
Teamsters to H" --fters at the
union's Las Vegas convention,
his own Labor Department was
investigating underworld infil-
tration of the Teamsters. His
investigators have alleged that
mobsters have their hands on
the Teamsters' central states
pension fund.
This raises a serious ques-
tion. Can the Labor Secretary
conduct an honest investigation
of a union that he has publicly
embraced? Our associate, Marc
Smolonsky. called the Labor De-
partment, but Usery refused to
retract his praise of the union.
privatelv that they were sur-
prised at his remarks. But they
insisted the secretary has not
tried to impede their investiga-
The secretary's statement also
sounded like an election endor-
sement of Fitzsimmons. who re-
cently came up for reelection.
As an example of Teamsters
democracy, Fitzsimmons barred
his critics from the convention
Nine of Fitzsimmons' goons
escorted the dissidents out the
door. When they attempted to
protest from the sidewalk, the
Las Vegas police forced them to
Cools Boycott Laws
The Ford Administration con-
tinued to reiterate late last week
its opposition to Congressional
legislation aimed at strengthen-
ing action against American
firms complying with the Arab
boycott against Israel.
In testimony before the House
International Relations Commit-
tee, Commerce Secretary Elliot
L. Richardson said that the Ad-
ministration opposes additional
legislation "as being both un-
timely and unnecessary and
potentially counter-productive."
RICHARDSON tressed that
the Administration has already
taken steps "to assure that the
boycott is free of discrimination
against United States citizens,
to deal with secondary boycott
practices that interfere with
economic relations among dom-
estic firms, and to seek diplo-
matic modification of the more
objectionable manifestations of
the boycott."
The Commerce Secretary said
the only new legislation needed
is the Administration-sponsored
bill introduced by Rep. Edward
Hutchinson of Michigan, the
ranking Republican on the
House Judiciary Committee. It
is considered much weaker than
other bills now before Congress.
Richard repeated Administra-
tion claims that "passage of leg-
islation at this time might jeo-
pardize our ability to continue
to work effectively with Arab
nations to achieve a just and
permanent Mideast peace, which
is after all, he added, "the only
realistic way to end the Arab
boycott of Israel."
HE DECLARED that the Ad-
ministration "strongly" opposes
and has prohibited compliance
with boycott practices involving
anv discrimination against U.S.
He said that during the per-
iod of October 1, 1975, through
last Mar. 31, the Commerce De-
partment received about 14,200
boycott reports dealing with
about 29,700 transactions.
Of the 14,200 reports, six re-
vealed boycott-related requests
which would clearly discrimi-
nate against American citizens,
he said, and several hundred
additional reports revealed re-
quests that goods not be mark-
ed with the Star of David.
leave. The police claimed the
sidewalks were rented by the
Teamsters. It's worth mention-
ing that the Teamsters have
loaned more than $130 million
to hotel and gambling casinos
in Las Vegas.
Of course, the Labor Secre-
tary is not supposed to take
sides in union politics. Yet he
not only endorsed Fitzsimmons
but sat through these strong-
arm tactics without a protest.
close to Spiro Agnew say he is ,
planning another crusade
against the press. As vice presi-
dent, he kept up a continuing
attack upon the three TV net-
works and the leading Eastern
newspapers. He accused them
of a liberal bias.
Now Agnew has confided to
friends that he may resume his
regular broadsides against the
press. But he has a new charges
to add. He will also accuse the
major newspapers and networks
of a "oro-Jewish" bias.
HE HAS already used this
line on television talk shows.
He was encouraged afterward
by the congratulatory mail that
flooded in. He believes he can
build the issue into another na- _
tional crusade against the press.
He has discussed using an edu-
cational foundation to finance
his anti-press campaign.
It appears as if Agnew, by harp-
ing on the Jewish influence in
the press, hopes to attract Arab
money. But in fairness, he has
actually said nothing about soli-
citing Arab contributions. But
he did say that he intends to
charge in his memoirs that he
was the victim of a plot to drive
him out of the government.

Friday, July 9, 1976
The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale
Page 13
July 4 Riddle:
Will Indifferent
America Survive?
Haym Salomon and the Fabric
Of Our Mosaic Tapestry
Continued from Page 4
seauistic basis in their behalf
should representatives for one
reason of another (selfishness,
greed, arrogant pursuit of per-
sonal power) be inclined to do
On this Bicentennial occa-
sion, it seems to me that the
Jefferson-Hamilton struggle is
far from being resolved, al-
though it is a tribute to Thomas
Jefferson that we have surviv-
ed as a nation for so long.
Still, there are signs that
Hamilton may yet have his day.
I am not talking about the ob-
vious corruption that has seized
the soul of our self-governance.
I AM talking about ignor-
ance the populist ignorance
that made Socrates and Plato
and Aristotle conclude that
democracy is the worst form of
government, only one step
away from anarchy.
I am talking about the fact
that, as a nation, we may be
better informed than our fore-
fathers and those who, more re-
cently, came before us. But we
are far more ignorant. More
illiterate. And, what is worse,
indifferent to this ignorance,
this illiteracy.
I am obsessed, for example,
by the recent story out of Clear-
water that of 15 Pinellas Coun-
ty applicants for teaching posts,
four failed to do better in their
qualifying examinations than
three-fourths of the eighth-
grade students they would be
instructing if they were hired.
I AM obsessed by the reac-
tion to this of Dr. Thomas
Tocco, assistant county super-
intendent for research, evalua-
tion and planning, who declar-
ed somewhat agonizingly, "Col-
leges of education are turning
out candidates who basically
need to be retrained when they
reach the school system .
The colleges of education do
not screen out people who are
almost functionally illiterate.
They need to clamp down and
become more stringent."
What Tocco was saying was
that the national process for
training school teachers, with
its absurd emphasis on educa-
tion courses (how to teach)
rather than on content (arts
and science what to teach)
has given us a pool of ignorant
instructors trained to "manage"
classrooms and students with
mumbo-jumbo "strategies," but
net to enlighten them.
EVEN ON the basis of Toc-
co's own standards for Pinel-
las county eighth grade, where
"On the reading test (for job
applicants) we set the standard
at the 75 percentile level, mean-
ing incoming teachers would
have to score better than three-
fourths of the eighth graders,"
what an abysmal future we
must look forward to a fu-
ture of eighth grade teachers
three-fourths of whom are
themselves little better than
eighth graders.
If the relationship between
self-governance and enlighten-
ment is not instantly apparent
here, then consider the ques-
tion of political ignorance, in-
deed bigotry, in a recent issue
of "The Florida Professional
Educator" in which a blatantly
anti-Semitic column touts the
concept of "aryanism" as a fun-
damental requirement for a
candidate in Florida's upcom-
ing gubernatorial campaign.
WHAT BETTER can one ex-
pect from educators whose
standards are reflected in Dr.
Tocco's dismay? And, incident-
ally, in his own shockingly low
requirements for teaching ap-
Yes, Hamilton may yet have
his day. And then the question
will be what he meant by eli-
tist government. Once we give
up our self-governance by ig-
norant default, anyone with the
power to answer the question
will be able to answer it any
way he wishes.
Rabin Meets With
sorters of New
Palestinian State
^S WE observe the 200th
birthday of our nation, we
recall with pride that Jews and
Judaism played important roles
in the exciting events marking
the birth of our beloved coun-
try. We are proud that Jewish
people and Jewish ideas are still
deeply involved in the continu-
ous spiritual growth of the
United States.
Although the Jewish popula-
tion was small in Colonial days,
there is no doubt that the pre-
cepts of Judaism were vital
factors in the shaping of our
The Pilgrims deemed them-
selves the successors of the an-
cient Israelites. The ancient Is-
raelites broke away from Egypt-
ian bondage; they broke away
from British bondage. The an-
cient Israelites crossed an un-
known terrain, the desert, to
reach their destination. The Pil-
grims traversed an unknown
expanse, the ocean, to reach
The ancient Israelites looked
upon their goal as the Promised
Land. The Pilgrims deemed the
new continent their Promised
Land, their new Canaan.
INTO THE Promised Land
the ancient Israelites planted
the ideals of Moses.
Moses and his ideals were
also the ethical guidelines
adopted by the Pilgrims here.
As a result, into the very
fabric of America the precepts
of equality and compassion and
justice were stitched. This Mo-
saic tapestry has become the
stuff of American morality. It
is true that our people, even our
leaders, do not always live up to
the lofty moral mandates upon
which this country rests. But
when deviations do take place,
we recognize that there has
been a shortfah, and we all
know as a people what we
should do and to what stand-
ards we should return.
It has been pointed out that
North America was settled by
people looking for God; South
America was settled by people
primarily looking for gold. The
word, God, and the word, gold,
are almost alike. But there's an
"1" of a difference, and that
vital distinction accounts for the
fact that our form of govern-
ment has remained fixed
throughout the 200 years of our
existence, whereas to the South
nations which lacked these
moral underpinnings have ex-
hibited a lamentable degree of
A NUMBER of patriots sur-
rounded George Washington
when this country staged its
great struggle for independence.
The number of Jews in the arm-
ed services was then, as it has
always been, in a higher ratio
than the Jews in the general
population. And no wonder. The
Jews in the colonies were treat-
ed as eauals. They were not
JERUSALEM (JTA) Premier Yitzhak Rabin met
for two hours with a group of Israelis advocating recogni- ^n" e^^re^ativerbut Tn
tion of a Palestinian state provided that such an entity recog- the main they were looked upon
nized Israel as residents entitled to the
,n ... ., t__., i rights The group, known as the "Public Council for an Is- thos fHsabilities and dei*als
rael-Palestine Peace," was founded several months ago and which tvoified the lot of Jews
includes a number of leading personalities with left-leaning in the Old Country.
or "doveish" views. No details of the meeting were dis- The best-known Colonial hero
VIEWS WERE said to have been exchanged on the
situation in Lebanon, in the administered territories and
on Israel's Arab population and options for peace. Little
agreement was reported between Rabin and his visitors.
The latter included Eliyahu Elyashar, former chair-
man of the Sephardi Federation in Israel; Uri Avneri, edi-
tor of the weekly "Haolam Hazeh" and a former Knesset
member; MKs Arye Eliav and Meir Payil; Res. Gen. Matit-
yahu Peled; writer David Shaham; and Yaacov Arnon,
former director general of the Finance Ministry and pres-
ently chairman of the board of the National Electric Co.
of the Jewish faith was Haym
Salomon. Although the early
immigration of Jews to these
shores is often described as a
Seohardic "wave," there were
many Ashkenazic Jews here in
the early days. Salomon was in-
deed an immigrant from Poland
and one of the languages that
he was familiar with was Yid-
Indeed, Salomon was a lin-
guist, as is often the case with
Jews. In this regard he typified
the stress on cultural attain-
ments which has been part of
the Jewish heritage.
HIS PROWESS as a linguist
served Salomon in good stead
in one episode of his exciting
life. When he was a prisoner
of the British, he was given spe-
cial liberties because he served
as translator.
Salomon was astatute as a fi-
nancier. This skill reflected the
fact that many European Jews,
denied the right to awn land
and denied the right to join
various occupational guilds in
Europe, took to commerce as a
course of livelihood.
SALOMON naturally gravitat-
ed towards the support of the
colonies yearning to breathe
free. He fought bravely on the
side of the freedom-seekers. He
also gave this nation, in its
critical accouchement, the art of
financing. He was able to secure
loans for the infant nation in a
manner emulated bv few others.
He was praised by Secretary
of the Treasury Robert Morris
as a man who refused to profit
from his skill as a fiscal magic-
ian. Love of country was great-
er in him than love of lucre.
It is for these reasons that
Haym Salomon is the perfect
prototype of the Jew who senses
the synchronization of a dem-
ocratic land and Hebrew ideal-
ism. He risked his life for his
country. He scorned the tempta-
tion of profiteering. He aided the
good cause over and beyond the
call of elementary duty. He was
a model to all of us of selfless
devotion to glistening causes.
Much has been written about
the question ef whether this na-
tion disolayed_adequate gratit-
ude to the man who helped
underwrite the costs of our Re-
volution, whether his heirs have
been properly recompensed.
THERE IS little doubt, how-
ever, that we cannot adequately
renav Haym Salomon or his
memory for what he did to as-
siye the oreservation of the life
of our land when it was frail
and readv to tooole into the out-
stretched hands of predatory
imDerialisms which were ready
to abort it.
The two names of our great
patriot are of immense signi-
ficance. His first name has vir-
tually become an English word.
Haym means life. If our nation
was able to take on life after its
precarious birth it is as much
due to Haym. the man whose
name means life, as to virtually
everyone else. And if we are to
add life to the luster of Haym
Salomon we are called upon to
build him monuments of mitz-
vot. sacrificial deeds which will
testify to his enduring imprint
uoon us.
And, incidentally we now
learn that the grave of this man
of life has no marker on it
memorial chapes
Itll rwabrafc* M.
MllfWIlt H.
IwqilnM, *
11115 W Di.i. Hwy.
N*rth Miimi. Fl.
Afcart Lyl., t&.
there in the Philadelphia place
if interment. It would be well
that Jews, as part of the Bicen-
tennial observance, would as-
sure the placing of a tombstone
over the grave of this shining
exemplar of dedication to noble
And it would be a fine idea
if every community in the U.S.
were to erect a statue to Haym
Salomon. The Haym Salomon
Foundations. 1855 W. Main St.,
Alhambra, Calif. 91801, will be
pleased to support such an en-
terprise and provide us with
additional data about the "little
banker on Market Street."
THE OTHER name of the man
we glorify is Salomon, which is
a variant of the Hebrew word,
Shalom. If there is anything
Haym Salomon yearned for it
was peace. Valorous in warfare,
as was his leader, George Wash-
ington, what he really dreamed
of was a world which would
bring to fruition the vision of
the orophet Isaiah. We know
that we are a long way from
peace. It is true that in 1976,
we have no international wars
raging, but civil wars abound.
We must also strive to do
tions taken by the United Na-
tions that the valiant freedom
fighters of Israel are still not
adequately appreciated, and
that we are a long way from
peace in the land whose ideals
insnired both our nation and its
founders. But we must not des-
pair. As Haym Salomon kept his
morale high even when he was
a prisoner of the enemy, so we
must keep our morale high
while peace is a prisoner of
international misunderstanding.
We must also striving to do
what Salomon did: make our na-
tion the instrument of benefi-
cence and democracy and their
supporter in the family of na-
HERE IS a piquancy which
we might dwell on. Although
we are celebrating the 200th
bithday of our country, we are
not celebratine the 200th birth-
day of our present form of gov-
ernment. 1776 marked the year
when we broke away from
England and decided, like the
Maccabees of old. that we would
rather die on our feet than live
on our knees. Then there inter-
vened a period known as the
time of the Confederacy. We
foundered a bit, staged a con-
stitutional convention, adoDted
a Constitution and then in 1789
George Washington was induct-
ed as our first president and
our Dresent form of government
was formally instituted.
Now. mv friends, if you sub-
tract 1776 from 1789, you will
realize that our country didn't
reallv get started until it was
bar mitzvahed.
May it continue to mature.
BROWARD 525-5961 4444)921
18200 Wait Wx* Highway
North Miami Baoch,
Florida 33160
Ron tt Bf bn Rotham J

Page 14
The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale
Friday, July 9, 1976
Bill Outlawing Arab Boycott Stalled
BOSTON A bill to outlaw
the Arab boycott in Massachu-
setts remained stalled in the
State Senate where serious op-
position developed last week
after the measure passed the
State House of Representatives.
Sen. Jack Backman (D.,
Brookline-Newton), one of the
sponsors of the legislation, tem-
porarily postponed action to
provide additional time to
clarify its language.
Backman said he agreed to
the postponement "at the re-
quest of the Jewish Community
Council of Metropolitan Boston"
to allow its attorneys '"addition-
al time to work out some tech-
nical amendments to the bill
which will eliminate any pos-
sible legal questions that have
been raised by certain interna-
tional corporations."
TEL AVIV Premier Yitz-
hak Rabin delivered a stinging
attack on civil servants in Is-
rael, specifically teachers who,
he charged, are not pulling their
Addressing the convention of
Hakibbutz Hameuchad, the Kib-
butz movement of the Labor
Party's Achdut Avoda wing,
Rabin contended that teachers
and civil servants are not work-
ing hard enough. Israeli teach-
ers spend fewer hours a day in
the classroom than American
teachers, he said.
Rabin declared that Israel
has attained enormous achieve-
ments in agriculture and se-
curity, but when it comes to
education, "it turns out, to my
regret, that the Israeli teacher
of todav has not proven him-
self as he should."
PARIS Syrian President
Hafez Assad attended a special
ballet performance here in his
honor at the Elysee Palace. If
he knew what he and his group
saw. it must have a strange
The show was the ballet "Gi-
sele," based on a ballad by a
.German lew, Heinrich Heine;
with music by a French JteWj
Adotohe Adam; the choreogra-
phy by Jean Sinelli, an Italian
Jew. and danced in the main
role by Paris Opera star dancer
Dominique Khalfouni. an Alger-
ian-born Jew.
TORONTu The Zionist Or-
ganization of Canada has re-
leased an evaluation by Canada-
ian "ohm" in Israel of the work
done by a three-man committee
the ZOC sent to Jerusalem last
April to conduct hearings on
the problems of Canadians in
Israel and the reason why some
of them return to Canada.
The panel created a contro-
versy when the Jewish Agency
criticized it as unrepresentative
of Canada's Jewish community
and refused an invitation to
narticioate in the hearings or
to send observers.
But the Association of Amer-
icans and Canadians in Israel
said in its publication "Jerusa-
lem Voice" that it "salutes the
initiative of ZOC and wishes
them success in their sincere
desire to increase aliya, improve
klita (absorption) and make a
vital contribution to the
strengthening of Israel."
The AACI publication, copies
of which were released by the
ZOC, found that the testimony
by some 40 people selected
from hundreds invited to sub-
mit written briefs, was "given
in a serious courtroom atmos-
phere" and "was a balanced pic-
ture of the current situation.""
NEW YORKPhilip M. Klutz-
nick, an American Jewish lead-
er and a former member of the
U.S. delegation to the United
Nations with the rank of Am-
bassador, believes that despite
its "failure in peace-keeping
and miserably unbalanced reso-
lutions of the General Assembly
and even the Security Council,"
mankind is better off with the
world organization than if it did
not exist.
Klutznick made his state-
ments, both commendatory and
critical of the UN, in an address
delivered at the Conference on
United States Objectives in the
United Nations System held at
the Ralph Bunche Institute of
the United Nations, City Univer-
sity of New York Graduate
"When some fine and able
people go so far as to suggest
that we can find other ways of
doing good rather than to tol-
erate the bad that the UN does,
they have permitted their jus-
tified pique over a reprehen-
sible act to outweigh their prac-
tical sense and understanding
of the world in which we live,"
Klutznick said.
VIENNAA right-wing group
called "Action New Right" dis-
tributed a booklet at the Uni-
versity of Vienna June 23 al-
leging that six-million Jews did
not die at Nazi hands, that the
Jews were "exploiting anti-
Nazi genocide propaganda" and
that the Nuremberg war crimes
trials were illegal because the
defendants were sentenced for
alleged acts that were made
criminal only retroactively after
World War V
Austrian authorities have tak-
en no steps so far to confiscate
the 40-page booklets or stop
their distribution.
The booklet claims that
"There exists irrefutable evi-
dence that the claims of the
murder of six-million Jews dur-
ing World War II are without
the slightest foundation how-
ever, nobody succeeded to ex-
ploit war sufferings as much as
the Jews. The anti-Nazi geno-
cide propaganda was spread
mostly by Jews."
Only several thousand Jews
wore killed during the war, it
NEW YORK Hatold M.
Jacobs, president of the Union
of Orthodox Jewish Congrega-
tions of America, and Fred Ehr-
man, UOJCA Israel Commission
chairman, have released ex-
cerpts of their recent letter to
Sen. Jacob Javits (R., N.Y.) in
which they express their dis-
may at his recent statements
on the Middle East in hearings
before a Senate Foreign Rela-
tions Subcommittee.
The letter asserted that Sen.
Javits "appeared to have taken
too seriously recent statements
by President Anwar Sadat of
Egypt and other so-called Aral
moderates that do not include
the concomitant invitation to
serious peace negotiations that
would make Israel's right to
exist more than just an empty
phrase. In the absence of hare
agreements the Arabs must be
judged on the basis of their
oast performance rather than
their statements a record
that does not inspire confidence
in their desire for a peaceful
solution of their dispute with
Ehrman and Jacobs also took
exception to the Senator's cri-
ticism of Israeli settlements in
the administered terri-
tories, in which he stated
that "with regard to the
administered territories Israel is
completely on its own." Clear-
ly, on the basis of prior experi-
ence =nd the lesson of recent
events in Lebanon, Israel must
maintain such settlement for
spcuritv purposes
Gen. Rehavam Ze'evi, Premier
Yitzhak Rabin's advisor on
counter-terrorism, has just re-
turned from Montreal where he
inspected securit" arrangements
for the Israeli team participat-
ing in the Olympic Games.
Gen. Ze'evi submitted a list
of recommendations to the Pre-
mier, it was learned, June 24
but no details were disclosed.
He also met persons respon-
sible for security on behalf
of the International Olympics
Committee and with Canadian
securitv authorities. Canada has
prohibited private security ar-
rangements for any of the par-
ticipating team$ and will rely
on its own farce of 13,000 po-
lice and soldiers for the protec-
tion of the sportsmen and spec-
An Israeli request for inde-
pendent security arrangements
a new addition to the
Falls Signature Collection.
Consumers, in our opinion, should be label
conscious, and we at Falls are very proud
of what we call our signature collection of
First, we have the Falls name, recognized
nationwide as one of the finest all natural,
Kosher, clean Chickens.
Next, we have the signature of the United
States Department of Agriculture, assuring
you of unrivaled wholesomeness.
And now, we have added the signature of
the most respected name in National
Kosher supervision, the granted by the
Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations.
The Falls Signature Collection....
a status symbol for your table
in light of the 1972 Munich
Olympic massacre was rejected.
But the Canadians are alert to
the possibility that mercenaries
either Japanese or Euro-
peans might attempt attacks
on behalf of Arab terrorist
once more defeated a bill that
would have instituted civil mar-
riage in Israel for persons dis-
qualified to marry under religi-
ous law. The 51-18 vote against
the measure drafted by Minis-
ter-Without-Portfolio Gideon
Hausner of the Independent
Liberal Party was, in fact, a
vote to preserve the status quo
under which Israel's Orthodox
religious establishment is given
blanket authority over marri-
age, divorce and other personal
Justice Minister Haim Zadok
told the Knesset as much when
he declared that the present
government, like its predeces-
sors, had no intention of alter-
ing the understandings on
which the coalition with the Na-
tional Religious Party is based.
"Coalition agreements must
be preserved. This is part of
public life," Zadok said. ILP MK
Yehuda Shaari, who introduced
the Hausner bill, said it did not
represent a break with the sta-
tus quo but rather a solution of
serious personal problems "for
those people who under the
present situation were disquali-
fied to marry."
eign Military Assistance bill on
which Israe', Egypt, Syria and
Jordan along with close to 50
other countries look to bolster
their economies, has continued
to run a course of complexities
that makes its ultimate result
still uncertain.
Both President Ford and Sec-
retary of Defense Donald Rums-
feld, however, have indicated,
according to Sea. Clifford Case
(R., N.J.), moveaientse in the
direction of legislation that
would assist Israel to meet its
defense requirements.
Case said that at a meeting
at the White House, the Presi-
dent showed signs of willing-
ness to compromise on the fund-
ing for the transitional quar-
ter between the current fiscal
year ending June 30 and the
new fiscal year beginning Oct.
Chief Rabbi Ovadia Yosef re-
turned here from a nine-day
visit to the Jewish community
of Iran. He reported success in
stimulating greater contribu-
tions to Israel from wealthy
Iranian Jews and in resolving a
feud between Iran's three rab-
bis. But reports that the Shah
would receive Rabbi Yosef
proved erroneous. It is believed
here that the Shah did not want
to embarrass another important
visitor to Teheran, King Khaled
of Saudi Arabia, bv granting an
audience to the Israeli Chief
Yosef said he visited the Jew-
Shiraz where he spoke in pack-
ed synagogues on halachic prob-
lems and urged greater religi-
ous observance.
cil of the European branch of
the World Jewish Congress met
in closed session at The Hague
for two days last week to dis-
cuss a wide range of topics of
international and Jewish con-
cern. Jewish communities from
17 West European and Central
European countries were repre-
sented. -
East Germany's tiny Jewish
community sent observers for
the first time in the persons of
Hermann Aris and Dr. Peter
Kirchner. Dr. Bendrich Bass,
president of the Jewish Com-
munities of Czechoslovakia, also
attended as an observer.
Dr. Nahum Goldmann, presi-
dent of the WJC and Dr. Ger-
hard Riegner, its secretary gen-
eral, told a press conference
after the sessions that the sub-
ject of East-West detente had
been on the agenda.
Emunim squatters at Kadum in
Samaria were offered alterna-
tive sites within the govern-
ment-approved areas. The set-
tlers, who have been asked by
the government to vacate Ka-
dum, where they have been en-
camped illegally since last No-
vember, promised to have an
answer by the weekend.
The sites were proposed by
Yehiel Admoni, head of the
World Zionist Organization's
settlement department, who was
acting for the government.
Minister-Without-Portfolio. Is-
rael Galili, who is chairman of
the ministerial settlement com-
mittee, told the Cabinet last
week that the Gush Emunim set-
tlers will b asked to accept
one of the sites and vacate
The sites offered are Kochav
Hashahar. which is presently a
Nahal outpost, northeast of Ra-
mallah on the eastern edge of
the Samarian hills, or a choice
of places on the western edge
of Samaria, close to the pre-
1*57 line. '
ing rapprochement between Is-
rael and South Africa is based
ourelv on pragmatic considera-
tion on both sides. Helen Suz-
man. leader of the struggle
against South Africa's apartheid
policies, said here.
The new relationship, how-
ever, does not necessarily mean
that the two nations condone
each other's policies, she added,
according to a report by Frank *
Wundohl and David Gross of
the Philadelphia Jewish Expo-
Mrs. Suzman. who is Jewish,
was here to receive a special
Civil Liberties Medallion at the
annuxl onen board meeting of
the Philadelphia chanter of the
American Jewish Committee.
A leader of the opposition
Progressive Reform Party in
the South Africa Parliament.
Mrs. Suzman maintained that
most South African Jews, espe-
ciallv the vounger Jews, do not
support Apartheid. However,
she cautioned.. Jews do not vote
as a bloc and the South African "j
vote is not analyzed by ethnic
groups, as it is here in the
United States.
Department has denied that it
had received a protest from Is-
rael over President Ford's ex-
pression of thanks to the Pales-
tine Liberation Organization for
helping in the evacuation of
Americans from Lebanon .

Friday, July 9, 1976
The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale
Page IS
An Old
Agnew In
A New Role
UWHOSE BREAD I eat, his song I sing." So it was written
L, ^. g T' ,n,W that Spiro T" ADev/' one-tinie stern
klecturer on the moral degradation of American youth, is out
n the open as an unblushing apologist for Arab's anti-Israel
ohcies *e truth of that ancient adage is deeply etched on
riiat's left of the Agnew coat of arms.
It was only two years ago that the press reported Amer-
s deposed former Vice President was using American em-
oassies in the Middle East in connection with his appomtments
and travel arrangements. In the same season Business De-
veloper Agnew was trying to sell a 1,600-acre tract of Ken-
tucky island to Arab investors after his trips to Kuwait
WHY SHOULD anyone be surprised, tnen, to Z Mr
Agnew is now denouncing "Israeli imperialism," hailing Saudi
Arabia as a staunch friend of the U.S., and declaring that "the
Zionist influence in the U.S. is dragging the U.S. into e rather
disorganized approach to the Middle East problem"?
When Spiro Agnew was out campaigning for reelection
i as Vice President in 1972. he minded not at all that the Repub-
lican platform he was upholding spoke highly of Israel sup-
porting that nation's right "to survive and prosper in peace."
That platform promised to provide Israel with "support es-
Isential for her security, including aircraft, training, and mod-
frn and sophisticated military equipment;' Did Agnew possess
ecret knowledge then of "Israeli imperialism" and was he
* a1?1?.118 hiS reelection chanc<* if he unveiled it?
., ~ goes about Promoting his novel, "The Can-
Beld Decision," Mr. Agnew will have to keep dodging ques-
tions about his responsibility for depicting characters prattling
[about the Jewish cabal" and the Jewish Zionist lobby with aS
[that influence over Congress. But the book will sell, and the
author will add to his bankroll; and cries from an outraged
Jewish community will probably faze him not at all
For this faUen Vice President and disbarred lawyer has
been dodging challenges, shifting positions, and abandomng
valued principles for some time. He it was who kept calling
Ifor law and order when pursuing the second highest office in
[the land, yet found it convenient to plead no contest to a
single charge of income tax evasion in October, 1973 a plov
by which he forestalled litigation of a far more serious nature
THIS IS the same leader who accused "arrogant, reckless
ements within our society" of "insidiously destroying the
one of American democracy."
Traveling the low oratorical road for his party during
post of his eight years in office, Spiro Agnew established a
Bcord of character defamation and abuse of the prerogative j
high position not likely eve- agaiu to be surpassed.
HIS GAUCHERIE of expression betrayed his claim to
pgnity: he referred to Polish-Americans as "Polacks," called
Japanese-American reporter "the fat Jap," and revealed the
ow level of his regard for the nation's poor by declaring "if
^ou've seen one city slum, you've seen them all."
In 1969 Eric Sevareid observed that if media people em-
ployed the same language Agnew used, they would soon be
ruled off the air. The adventurer from Maryland excoriated
television, radio, and press in the days he held high office;
put they are handy tools for him now as he appears on talk
^hows to exploit his novel.
GOD HELP the American public if it fails to learn from
lie Agnew caper. If the naive among us continue to agree
bth him that much reporting regarding hunger and poverty
hthis nation is exaggerated; if the easily duped go on ac-
ting the Agnew creed that contends disturbances are caused
by evil circumstances but by evil men, then we shall be
rrave trouble.
Herbert Bruckner, a former president of the American
xiety of Newspaper Editors, observed in days when Agnew
Is riding high that the man who had been elected Vice Presi-
jnt was "just Big Brother wired for sound." Although this
cwest public figure to be listed as an anti-Semite continues
ireci for sound, the fates are kind to us in denying him the
pportunity to continue to play a Big Brother role.
The Notebooks Of
Jacob Marateck
The Samurai of Vishogrod: the Notebooks of
Jacob Marateck. Retold by Shimon and
Anita Wincelberg. Jewish Publication So-
ciety. $7.95.
The samurai of Vishogrod was Yonah the
messenger, one of Vishogiod's "men of valor."
In Russia in the late 19th century hordes of
peasants were "somethin"? of a hazard," as
Jacob puts it, to the Jewish communities.
Vishogrod was blessed with a number of
good ferocious Jewish ruffians who protected
the town against mobs of drunken bloodthirsty
peasants. Yonah was the leader of these "sa-
JACOB MARATECK aspired to be like Yo-
nah when he grew up. Yona.i's local military
successes were not the only cause of Jacob's
enthusiasm for a physical sort of life. He lived
among other poor children who spent years
on hard benches learning and studying. Chil-
dren who were so stunted from malnutrition
and lack of fresh air that they looked almost
Our young author candidly directs our
sympathies toward the Yonah s, rather than
the pale and languid talmidim. In ancther
episode, Jacob again challenges our tradition-
al loyalties.
HE INNOCENTLY tells us how here, "in
Columbus's country, it is fashionable to lose
ourselves in fantasies about the magical sweet-
ness of our grandmother's cookery." Marateck
proceeds to demolish us with a story about a
grandmother whose cooking makes you "gag
like a man who had swallowed a chew of
Jacob's memories are thought-provoking
He questions our glorification of the shtetl
our "patronizing" attempt to immortalize what
was actually a horrid and fearful life of mas-
sacre and starvation. His reminiscences are
warm and compassionate. Despite dire pov-
erty, Jacob was brought up in a pious and
virtuous home.
HE PRESERVED and defended his faith
from the d:.rk streets of Warsaw to the steam-
ing kettles of Siberia.
These engaging stories are told with hu-
mor and wit. Marateck is Twain and Dickens
Huck Finn and Oliver Twist as well He is
both author and protagonist.
"The Samurai of Vishogrod" is drawn from
the first 16 of 28 of Jacob's notebooks. His
daughter and son-in-law have carefully pro-
served their father's youthful observations of
the colorful and violent period preceding the
Russian Revolution. This reviewer looks for-
ward to publication of the remaining 12 note-
Tuvia Schwartz May
Be a Famous Name
rpiE NAME of Tuvia Schwartz is relatively
unknown today, but if present events con-
tinue their normal course, it may be attached
to a new and dramatic cause celebre center-
ing around Israel-U.S. relations.
The backgrj ind is relatively simple. Young
Schwartz is charged by the American author-
ities with having fire-bombed an automobile
in Los Angeles belonging to one John Artu-
THIS WAS said to be Schwartz's way of
calling public attention to the fact that John's
brother, Andrei Artukovic, a Nazi war crim-
inal, had been convicted by the Yugoslav
courts of murdering Serbs, Jews and gypsies
when he had been a minister in the Nazi Croat-
ian State. Requests for his extradition to
Yugoslavia to receive his punishment had been
turned aside.
Schwartz was arrested, jumped bail, and
went to Israel. There he took on Israel citizen-
ship and enrolled in the Israel army. The U.S.
Government is now requesting his extradition
to face charges.
The public controversy is just getting un-
der way. Extradition is frequently (though not
always) a two-way passage, and if Israel ex-
pects the United States to abide by its agree-
ment for mutual honoring of extradition re-
quests under defined conditions, it is not easy
for Israel to plead "exceptions."
THIS COUNTRY has had about 100 de-
mands from various countries to hand over
fugitives who had sought refuge in the Holy
Land. Of these about 20 had been sent back,
under circumstances which attracted little at-
tention. In most of the other cases, the sought-
for individuals elected to return of their own
free will, or the requesting state eventually
withdrew its request.
In two related cases Israel's experience
was most unpleasant. Some years ago Jeru-
salem was asked to send back Robert Soblen,
accused by the American government of aid-
ing the Rosenberg couple, convicted of atomic
espionage. Feelings ran high.
THE ISRAEL authorities tried to save face
by avoiding decision on extradition, but de-
clared Soblen personal non grata and put him
aboard a plane for deportation to wherever
he wished to go. It was said that a U.S. mar-
shal was conveniently on board the same
plane. At any rate, Soblen committed suicide
just before the plane was due to land at Lon-
However, a new line of advice has been
suggested. Rather than involve Israel in a
legal dispute with the U.S. in a matter which
is not really related to defense and security,
Tuvia should carry to its logical conclusions
the intentions of his original act: to focus
public attention on a policy which harbors
Nazi criminals. He should therefore volun-
tarily go back to America to face trial, and
American Jews should see to it that the trial
becomes a platform for broad indictment of
all cover-up of Nazis. Such a trial would
achieve in dramatic form what Schwartz orig-
inally had in mind, far more than his flight to
Israel and his battle against extradition.
Lincoln in Israel: Salute to Leo Gildesgame

[T IS TIME to salute Leo Gildesgame.
One of the leading philanthropists of our na-
ion, Mr. Gildesgame is a former yeshiva bachur
ind veteran of the battlefields of Israel where he
ought with Trumpeldor's Legion. He is an honored
esident of Mt. Kisco, N.Y.
Mr. Gildesgame's career is full of glorious serv-
ices to the causes of humanitarianism, Hebrew
scholarship and religion. He is a leader in a cluster
of national organizations.
THIS YEAR he did something which will for-
ever be remembered.
He funded the transfer of an eight-foot statue
Lincoln from Chicago to Ramat Gan. That statue,
borately dedicated a few Sundays ago in the
*^antuel *^il\
presence of dignitaries of the State of Israel and
the U.S. Government, will be'the equivalent of the
Statue of Liberty in this nation.
Just as the Statue of Liberty was given to us
jy France as a sign of its kinship, so will the Gil-
lesgame-arranged statue of Lincoln stand as a bond
between the two democracies of the U.S. and Israel.
So appealing was Mr. Gildesgame's offer to give
he statue to the U.S. so that our nation could, in
turn, give it to Israel on the occasion of our Bi-
centennial, that both houses of Congress unanimous-
ly endorsed the idea and President Ford enthusias-
ticallly signed the bill authorizing the transfer.
IT MAY be the only thing which our entire
Senate and House of Representatives have agreed
upon lately.
Modest but imaginative, Mr. Gildesgame has
not only honored history but has made it His life-
partner, the former Ruth Oppenheim, deserves ku-
dos, too, for supporting dns tiwjmt, as well as
many others.
Lincoln is indeed a link between our two repub-
lics. We gladly salute Mr. Gildesgame for a superb
way of dramatizing that link.

Page 16
The Jewish Floridian of Greater Fort Lauderdale
Friday, July 9, 1976
2999 NW 33rd Avtnoe, Fort Lauderdale :
Phone: 4M-2O0
Jewish Guys and Gals Calendar
(Singles 18-30)
Saturday, July 10: Cocktail
Place: Welleby Clubhouse,
9600 W. Oakland Park Blvd.
Time: 8:30 p.m.
Cost: $1.50 members, $3.00
Sunday, July 11: Day at the
Place: Bahia Mar Beach
Time: Noon
Bring whatever you'd like
for food and drink. Grills are
there for your use (bring
your own charcoal).
Sunday, July 18: Bike Hike
Place: Meet at Holiday Park
Time: Noon
Saturday, July 24: Night at the
call 484
Pompano Park Har-
Race Track Road, Pom-
Beach (meet in Club-
7:30 p.m. (first race
at 7:30)
$2 admission to Club-
additional information,
8200 and ask for Sandy.
ni' 2PPR NW 53rd "'^4s_a
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XC 464-6200, (XL
Religious Body to Litigate
Against School Aid Ban
An Orthodox leader here
said an appeal will be made
to the U.S. Supreme Court
from a decision by a federal
court in Manhattan voiding
as unconstitutional a 1974
New York State law reim-
bursing religious schools for
the costs of state-mandated
testing and record-keeping.
At the same time, Sidney
Kwestel, president of the
National Jewish Commission
on Law and Public Affairs
(COLPA) said COLPA be-
lieves that the 1974 law does
not violate previous Su-
preme Court rulings in that
area of public assistance.
Jewish Telegraphic Agency
that COLPA intends to file a
brief in support of Jewish day
school and yeshiva students in
any appeal of the decision.
Rabbi Moshe Sherer, execu-
tive president of Agudath Israel
of America, in reporting that
the lower court decision would
be appealed, "by a group of
non-Dublic schools." called the
lower court decision "a serious
error in judgement."
Rabbi Bernard Goldenberg,
director of school organization
and professional services of To-
rah Umesorah, the National So-
ciety for Hebrew Day Schools,
also criticized the decision. De-
claring that there are some 200
yeshivas and Hebrew day
schools in the state, he said
1970 state law providing for
such reimbu-sement, whifch the
Supreme C jrt struck down as
unconstitutional. The 1974 .jw
was challenged by the Commit-
tee for Public Education and
Religious Liberty (PEARL).
THE SPECIAL three-judge fed-
eral court struck down a provis-
ion of the 1974 state law under
which the state paid up to S10
million a year to the non-public
schools for the costs of admin-
istering Regents examinations,
keeping pupil attendance rec-
ords and other state-mandated
Jean Scene
The Jean Scene Lounge for
Teens and Tweens (entering
seventh through tenth grades)
continues during the summer,
each Tuesday from 7:15 to 9
The evening includes refresh-
ments, bumper pool, air hock-
ey, jukebox and, most impor-
tant, an opportunity to meet
new friends.
Our crafts specialist, >andy,
is on hand to develop projects.
Also meet Larry, our athletic
supervisor, and learn yoga,
karate, basketball, etc.
Special trips are also planned.
For more information, call San-
dy at the JCC, 484-8200.
All-Day Trips on Tuesdays
Two wagonloads of six-to-eleven-year-olds went to Miami to
tour the Oceanographic Institute's "Planet Ocean," the first of the
"Six Days in Summer." The second was a visit to Lion Country
The JCC has four more aU-day Tuesday trips to places of
educational and cultural interest in our area for elementary school-
age and tween-age children we form two separate groups.
Upcoming trips in the Tuesday series are:
July 13: A picnic and cookout at T-Y Park;
July 20: "Legends of the Universe" at Broward Community
College Planetarium; then on to Gold Coast Skating Rink
July 27: Live theater for children: "Midas and the Golden
August 3: "Jungle Queen" and a tram ride on the Voyager.
(clip along this line)
To All Teens
If you have a problem or
concern and wish to discuss
it confidentially with a pro-
fessional social worker, call
Bill Goldstein at the JCC,
He is always there and
ready to listen and help.
He is the director of the
Jewish Community Center
ind has years of experience
vorking with teenagers.
Mail to: JCC
2999 NW 33rd Avenue
Lauderdale Lakes, Fla. 33311
Name ................................ Phone
r~\ I wish to register for ................. trip(s) at $6 per trip
pi Enclosed is my check payable to JCC for $
A leading Catholic theolo-
gian foresees the disappear-
ance of Christian religious
anti-Semitism and Vatican
recognition of Israel. The
prediction was made by the
Rev. Edward H. Flannery,
executive secretary of the
Secretariat for Catholic-Jew-
ish Relations of the U.S.
Bishops Conference, in an
essay in the Anti-Defama-
tion League of B'nai B'rith
interreligious quarterly
"Face to Face"
The issue, entitled "Jew-
ish Christian Relations:
Looking to the Twenty-First
Century," features the views
of Catholics, Protestants and
Jews who have been promi-
nent in the Jewish-Christian
cipates that "anti-Semitism of a
religious or theological kind will
be the first to disappear, leav-
ing the field to secular or reli
gious varieties."
He said that for Christian
churches, "which contributed so
Dotently to the creation and
growth of anti-Judaism and
anti-Semitism," to be among
the first to repudiate it is "a
historical reversal." He de-
scribed the principal forms of
anti-Semitism today as being
"completely laioiaed. such as
these found in Soviet Russia,
the Middle East, fascist parties
and some 'liberal' ideologies."
These varieties, he continued,
"live an existence of their own,
independent of all religious sus-
tenance, and are impervious to
all ecclesiastical influence or
DR. DAVID R. Hunter, for-
merly deputy general secretary
of the National Council of
Churches, stated that a major
obstacle to eliminating anti-
Semitism is the root of the pre-
judice in the New Testament
and the writings of such rever-
ed leaders as St. John Chrysos-
tom and Martin Luther.
Commenting that this has
been "a paralyzing force," he
observed that "it will probably
take another John XXIII, sup-
ported by a non-temporizing
Curia, a courageous World
Council of Churches, and a host
->f faithful lay people around
the world really to change the
course of history and finally
remove the religious sanctions
for anti-Semitism."
Dr. Franklin H. Littell, foun-
der of Christians Concerned for
Israel, called for a fundamental
reexaminat'on of Christian
theology in the light of the Holo-
caust and a returned Israel.
HE WENT on to pose ques-
tions about the credibility of

Anti-Semitism Doomed Here? .
Christianity after 6,000,000
Jews were murdered by bap-
tized Christians, whether or not
Jesus could be considered a
"false Messiah" and, "if Jesus
is the true Messiah, where are
the signs of the Messianic age?"
Prof. Michael Wsychogrod, of
Baruch College, urged that
Christianity "not lose its self-
confidence" in the next century
because of "a sense of horror
at Christian anti-Semitism,"
which, he noted, is at times "the
result not so much of compas-
sion at the suffering of Jews"
as using the Jewish issue to in-
jure the church.
HE SAID Nazism and Com-
munism are the two greatest
enemies of Jews and Judaism /
in this century and are also "the
most virulent anti Christian

Bank Purchase
Of Israel Bonds
A wider area for the sale of
Israel Bonds in Florida was
opened up this week when Gov.
Reubin Askew signed a bill per-
mitting state commercial and
savings banks to purchase State
of Israel Bonds. Up to now, only
national banks in Florida could
invest in Israel Bonds.
The new law was enacted
only a week after Gov. Hugh
Carev of New York had signed
a similar bill allowing savings
banks, savings and loan asso-
ciations, and credit unions in
his state to add Israel Bonds to
their investment portfolios.
Nineteen other states and the
District of Columbia have also
passed legislation enabling sav-
ings banks to buy Israel Bonds
STATE SEN. Jack Gordon of
Miami Beach played a decisive
role in the successful handling
of the new Florida law. Other
officials whose cooperation was
helpful were Paul Steinberg of
the Florida House of Repre-
sentatives and State Comptroll-
er Gerald A. Lewis.
Shepard Broad. Florida State^.
chairman for Banking Institu- 4
tions of the Israel Bond Organ-
ization and honorary chairman
of the board of the American
Savings and Loan Association
in South Florida, and Rabbi
Leon Kronish, of Miami Beach,
chairman of the Israel Bond
National Rabbinic Cabinet, wel-
comed the new law as a dem-
onstration of popular support
for Israel in Florida and hailed
it as an opportunity to enlist
wider economic aid at a time
of serious financial difficulty
for the Jewish State.

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