Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County


Material Information

Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Uniform Title:
Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County (Palm Beach County, Fla. : 1975)
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Physical Description:
8 v. : ill. ;
Fred K. Shochet
Place of Publication:
Miami, Fla


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Palm Beach


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Feb. 28, 1975)-v. 8, no. 40 (Dec. 17, 1982).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issue for Jan. 2, 1976 called v.2, no. 22, but constitutes v.2, no. 1.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statements conflict: July 28, 1978 called no. 14 in masthead and no. 15 in publisher's statement; Aug. 25, 1978 called no. 16 in masthead and no. 17 in publisher's statement; Aug. 10, 1979 called no. 15 in masthead and no. 16 in publisher's statement; Oct. 22, 1982 called no. 31 in masthead and no. 32 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
"Combining Our voice and Federation reporter."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44607504
lccn - sn 00229550
System ID:

Related Items

Related Items:
Jewish Floridian
Succeeded by:
Jewish Floridian (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1982)

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Full Text
wJewist Florid tin
in conjunction with The Jewish Federation f Palm Beach County
ume 1
Number 10
Palm Beach County, Florida Friday, July 18, 1975
25 cents
CJA-IEF Campaign Passes Million Dollar Mark
Alore than $1,100,000 has been '
edeed to date to the 1975 Jew-
Federation's Combined Jew-
.i Appeal Israel Emergency
hnd campaign, Dr. Marvin
Cenberg, Reneral campaign
[airman, announced.
"This represents a peace-time
cord, and we expect to double
j amount raised in 1973," Dr.
isenberR reported.
."The voluntary outpouring of
1,350.000 during the Yom Kip-
\r War campaign may not be
ached this year, but our com-
unitv will certainly surpass
at dollar-figure in the near
future," Dr. Rosenberg added.
Preliminary planning for the
1976 campaign is underway,
with the Federation executive
Committee and staff developing
programs to organize the com-
munity for a maximum effort.
Dr. Clifford Josephson, execu-
tive director, stressed the fact
that the services supported in
Israel through the CJA-IEF are
ever-increasing and demanding.
"Our national organizations
and other services supported by
Federation enrich and enhance
Jewish life and the role of Jews
in the United States," Dr.
Josephson said. "These impell-
ing factors create the need for
an energetic and comprehen-
sive campaign, so that each Jew
in our community may express
his support and participation."
The Jewish Federation of
Palm Beach County, the central
social service agency in the
area, raises funds on behalf of
the United Jewish Appeal and
those national and local agen-
cies whose support is determin-
ed by the Allocations Commit-
tee annually.
Peres Proposes
Federation For
\Jordan W. Bank
JERUSALEM(JTA)Defense Minister Shimon Peres
proposed a plan for a federation between Israel and the
st Bank which he hopes the Labor Alignment will begin
$1,000,000 *I,1W,WV j/J y
$ 900.000
$ 800,000
$ 700.000
$ 600.000
$ 500,000
$ 400.000 i _____
$ 300.000 /
$ 200.000 ^** /
$ 100.000
74 1975
U J A Young Leadership Cabinet
Launching Mission To Israel
Peres has long been a
upporter of the federation
dea but he did not present
iv details on implementing
until this weekend in an
ntervicw with Davar's po-
litical correspondent Hagai
PERES SAID the plan should
promoted both on a national
lid and international level and
pe government should adopt
federation plan perhaps
Buring the negotiations for an
overall settlement of the Mid-
st dispute.
Peres' plan would give Arabs
"*h in Israel and the adminis-
territories a free choice
M citizenship, with those ac-
epting Israeli citizenship being
le to vote for the Knesset
Peres said the problem of en-
suring a Jewish majority could
" solved by using what he
Continued oa Page 2-
Senate Bears Dawn
On Boycott Efforts
WASHINGTON(JTA)The Arab financial boycott of
certain American businesses has resulted in the formula-
tion of Senate legislation that would require disclosure and
authorize control of foreign investment in American com-
The Senate Subcommittee on securities drafted the
legislation which has received "unanimous approval" from
its members, the Subcommittee's chairman, Sen. Harrison
A. Williams, Jr. (D., NJ.). said in a statement here.
THE MEASURE is now be-
fore the group's parent com-
mittee on Banking, Housing and
Urban Affairs, which is expect-
ed to have another of its sub-
committee, the panel on inter-
Leadership Cabinet of the
United Jewish Appeal will
launch a special 10-day mission
to Israel Nov. 6, with 1,000 Jew-
ish men and women from across
the United States participating,
Donald S. Gould, Young Lead-
ership Cabinet chairman, an-
Calling the mission "innovat-
ive and unique, both in its size
and itinerary," Mr. Gould ex-
plained that in addition to meet-
ing with Israeli leaders, mis-
sion members would be involv-
ed in a wide range of special
Entitled "Koach: A Mission
of Strength," the 10-day pro-
gram will divide the young lead-
ers into 30 groups to exchange
ideas with Israelis at home,
and in one-to-one meetings on
university campuses. They will
visit a number of Israeli de-
velopment towns, and under-
take community-wide projects
such as landscaping, painting
and repairing shelters and play
equipment, refurbishing school-
rooms and nurseries.
In addition, mission partici-
pants will meet with Israeli
Young Leaders for a festive)
gathering at Caesarea clin*
to the top of Massada to take
an oath of reaffirmation to tbaj
eternal oneness of the family eff
Israel and inspect UJA-sun-
ported programs and facilities
throughout the country.
More than 400 participant*
have signed for the mission.
The cost of the mission is $749
per person. For further informa-
tion contact David Adle*,
Young Leadership Department,
United Jewish Appeal, 12
Avenue of the Americas, Nc
York, NY. 10019.
Conthraed sa Page 2
ederation's Women 8 Division
Appoints New Committee Heads
Weizmann Institute Researcher
Studies Antibody 'Captures'
.P* appointment of new oom-
irv* heads *** Chairwoman
E~ Llst continues to round
ow the Jewish Federation's
Women s Division Executive
[ Committee.
lihl'WD .have reach*d a point in
F" Palm Beach Jewish com-
nfflhy where we now have a
L;r"[und on-going structure
or Women's Division," Mrs.
|ust said.
irin0I^prehensive Program plans
,. centered around the
\r '^deration campaign and
| community services. The full
Cabinet is expected to meet in
The new committee chair-
women are Francie Rodman and
Mary Hershenson, Royal Palm
Beach and Wellington; Barbara
Lifshitz and Doris Singer, Edu-
cation and Leadership Training;
Sheila Stark. Speakers Bureau;
Esther Barrish. Hospitality;
Nancy Ratner, Community
Calendar; Mary Broadman and
Esther I-evy, Friendly Visitors,
and Carolyn Simon, Youth
REHOVOTA new approach
to investigating how antibodies
combine with antigens has been
reported by Dr. Israel Pecht. of
the Weizmann Institute's De-
partment of Chemical Immun-
The action of antibodies is es-
sential to the body for fighting
invading bacteria or viruses and
for neutralizing harmful sub-
stances entering the body.
SUPPORTED BY a grant from
the Volkswagen Foundation of
the Federal Republic of Ger-
many, Dr. Pecht and his co-
workers examined the biologic-
ally active combining sites or
"pockets" in several varieties of
well-defined antibodies.
With the aid of sophisticated
"chemical relaxation" tech-
niques, originally developed by
Professors M. Eigen and L. Da
Maeyer in Gottingen, he meas-
ured the ability of the "pocket"
to capture and held a large
number of closely related, but
chemically different substances.
BY VARYING his experimen-
tal molecules in a controlled,
step-wise fashion, Dr. Pecht
could deduce significant facts
about the size and chemical na-
ture of the combining site, as
well as about the conformation-
al changes in the antibody
triggered by antigen binding.
This approach, termed "kin-
etic mapping," allows scientists
to study structural features at
proteins as they exist in tin*
body, in solutions rather that*
as isolated crystalline products.
In ether investigations, Da*.
Pecht has studied a group at
proteins known as oxidasea
which mediate energy conver-
sion in the body via electron!
transport and are important hi
a living organism's oxygen me-
THE TEAM was able to traoe
the tortuous path of electron*
through the copner-containing
enzyme ceruloplasmin and the
Continued on Page 3 ,

P2E* 2
The Jewish Fleridian of Palm Beach County
Fri Letidership Retreat Features
Dr. VitUnk As Resident Scholar
Dr Fred H Pcllak Professor
of Physic? a* a Vnher-
vras the featured scboUr-
ir>.-residence at the recent Jw-
bh Fede-atma t^edershrp De-
velopment P.'treat held at Sing-
er IslSJld
Dr Pollak Ved jscussions
tkmm^mm the i-dar weekend
on Historical rVrsT"ec*jves'
Where Are V.'e Today as
A~iencar I mi The Fu-
ture and What Lies .Ahead' In
aidition. the coiapies partmt-
ed :n an eaecrarmer ?roup en
J*w* tdeomy developed %
Dr Reisman of Brandeis Uni-
D- Po:: .stnth' serv-
-. Profes-
sors f->r Peace in the Middle
East VMc mik a- Associate
Dear M OR GfUtOMt Sctwof of
Brown Con ersfcy, he was chair-
man of tts Je* ish Co"! siunity
Relations Council of Rhode Is-
During the retreat a first for
the Laade-shi? Development
proeram. Dr. Poflak shared
many of his observations from
numerous *.:s:ts to Israel, and
two *eeVs '- tve Soviet Union
whe-e he met and worked with
the Tea dire Soviet Jewish dissi-
dents in Moscow. Leningrad
and Kie i. drirtng the summer
Of 19-3
The retreat cuimmated a
aeries f six iiaauaua sessions
dunag th groups first year,
with 1"" ooupies participating >n
the Federation program.
Regional Division Formed Bv Seven
\* omen's American ORT Chapters
The first annual Palm Beach
Ccirty Reeion Planning Con-
ffence of Women's American
CRT was held recently in W.-st
Pal-i Beach.
The all-day workshop, attend-
ed by 75 local members, formu-
lated goals and plans for the
coming year.
Mrs. Kenneth Scherer. Plan-
ning Committee chairwoman,
opened the conference which
included an annual report by
the Coordinating Committee
c*"ainvo"r,an. Mrs. Gary Simon.
The keynote address wss de-
livered by the new Region pres-
ident. Mrs. Betty Spar.
Guest speaker. Ron Treahan.
executive director of District
VI stressed the Jewish people's
dedication to and support of the
r*""oaes of Women's American
"Our love for knowledge and
our beli f in education is the
foundation of Judaism." he
Mrs Leonard Pechenik of
Miami Beach. District VI pres-
ident installed the new officers,
including Mrs Betty Spar, pres-
ident: Mrs. David Senior, chair-
man of the Executive Commit-
tee; Mrs Henry' Blum. Mrs
Edward Fine. Mrs. Kennetn
Scherer. Mrs. Gary Simon and
Mr Erwin Weinstcin. vice pres-
idents: Mrs. Jack Weiss. tjcat-
urer: Mrs. Barry Goldberg, fi-
nancial secretary; Mrs. Sey-
mour Fine, recording secretary;
Mrv Dr. id Silverman. corre-
spondinc secretary, and Mrs.
David Colby, parliamentarian
Mrs. Gary Simon was hon-
ored in the "Golden Book List-
ings in Israel" for her work in
<*rveloprm the regional divi-
The seven local chante-s that
are now part of the region are
Palm Beach. North Palm Beach.
West Palm Beach. Pal-n Beach-
Everrin*. Lake Worth. Sandal-
foot-Boca, and Delrav.
Temple Beth David Choir Being
Formed By Cantor Nicholas Fenakel
Cantor Nicholas Fenakel,
newly-appointed car.tor of Tem-
rle Beth David, has announced
the formation of an adult choir
which will perform during the
High Holy Days as well as at
weekly Shabbat services.
Members of the congregation.
taeol and Out of Stan Im^w,),
13385 rV DIXIE HAY.
833 4413
14 yeari of age and older, who
are interested in participating
are asked to contact Mrs. Doug-'
las Grangard for rehearsal '
The temple, serving the North ,
Palm Beach area, is presently
seeking a qualified Hebrew
teacher for hs Hebrew School
Applicants should write the
synagogue at P.O. Box 9924
Riviera Beach. Florida 33404.
Eves Boycott
Cantiaaed from Page 1- kf
r*::' Fran-re etve H
tional consideration
.According to the William*
^atei^Tent ~ the'bilf would ro-
ot the bene-
ficial ov lO pobacly
traded U S corrorations. there-
hv saaariaf effeefwe rr-.mtor-
ine of foreign investment in
"It would also require prior
notification to the Secu-
and Exchange Commission wtMfl
any foresgn investor seeks to
aco^ire five percent or mo-e
of a L'.S. companv The Presi-
dent could prohibit such a
he deemed it to
he inhiikwu to the national
-THE ARAB iianmal boy-
cott and the record of the hear-
ings we held on this legislation
!arch make clear that at
least c^lam 'ore'im investors
are willing to exploit their in-
fluence and manimla'e our
economy and cftnenry to
achieve political gahss." Wil-
harm aaad.
He also pointed oat that the
need for the legislation is un-
derscored by reports that the
aewty rich Mideast oil coun-
tries have invested far more
nwwtey in the United States
than the government officiallv
acknowledge* by funnelling bil-
bons of dollars through the
nvmitv of Swiss banks
Continued from Page 1
called the "Canadian system"
in which a ratio of two-thirds
Jewish vote* and one-third Arab
vote* could be maintained un-
til the area was stabilized.
He ALSO ug?eted a high
degree of autonomy for the resi-
d*rts of the occupied territories
both on a local and a regional
The Defense Minister has no
iP^rions that his plan can be
achieved quickly, but suggested
implementing it in Stage*
"Nobodv dreamed a European
Common Market was possible in
the thirties, and yet it became
* European reality in the fif-
ties." he said. Eventually a fed-
erated parliament could be
created, similar to the European
parliament, he said.
ATiencan Friends of Hebrew
American Israeli Lighthouse
American Jewish Committee
American Jewish Congress
B r*. B'rith
B'nat B'nrh Women
Brandeis Women
Citv of Hope
Jewish War Veterans
Jewish War Veterans
Auxiliary No 408
Labor Zionist Alliance
National Council of Jewish
Pt*\ m Wr-nen
TH* Nahr~*l em**bgHcm
iBaajM ary>- ha-- ^iv lt;^
in th- p|m Bearh-s ca'l
F-d-rati^n office for nam^,
0* or. chairman.
Contact Tnol* fcr infer,
ma'ir-n or, affiiiate Sisterhoods
and AAen's Clubs
During his visit to Israel last month, Robert D. Rap^A
right, the 1975 chairman for State of Israel Bona\pM
Beach County, met with State of Israel's Finance Mlniitrf
Rob.nowit? to discuss Israel's economy and the succtA
of the 1975 Palm Beach County Israel Bond CampaiA
Mr Rabmowitz said, "The industrial economy m (9
has a great need for investment of American dollars*
insure its financial stability." Mr. Rapaport's meeuiM
with government officials provided him with firsthtm
information about Israel's current economic potential
Discontinued Merger Talks
NEW YORKThe American
Jewish Congress and t h e
.American Jewish Committee
have announced that discus-
sions between these two or-
ganizations concerning a pos-
sible merger have been discon-
Both group* agreed that the
discussions, which hive been
intensive anJ cordial, have
provided them with a deeper
andine of each
and their respective pr.^.
The two organization
continue to cooperate at I
have done in the past ob i
cific domestic and foreign |
lems that confront the
community today, and i
will seek to explore wntl
enlarging such coopentw,]
was reported.
Synagogues in
Palm Beach County
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28'5 *orth fleole-
Mas =afc-. Beach. Flo.*. JJ407
833- 03 JO
abb. Hyman F ih-nan
^>feat' -e-n tt-6*, t 15 P*
Sa'c-Oay at 9 3C KM.
315 North Street
lata Worth Flo. o, 33460
585- SOW
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v e*a Boach, Fla 33404
27! aiomroa Drfvo
Swim Sonngt. V>r*di 33460
Sabbath aervrcoi ffday at 100 *
Sa*uratay at +09 a.
Mondavi Thuridav. *' ^ -*
Sorvkoi hold at Uni'ed
P'oabvtor^n Churth. Valm Spn"l ^
P.O. Boa 2306
Boca RatSn. Plo"da 33432
labb. htorhon lKr
Saooath aorvKOi. f nday *
SerwKot U(f, ah \'
1. Federal Sarj. t loan *"*~1
200 I lolmono Park Rd ** um j
Wee, aArnWitt r.^-d-p
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tilt Oh*. 33430
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S*tra*h aorvrcot. !*'< *"
laC Nortti Coortty Road
Palm Booth. 334B0
32 0004
tabtk Man Former

July 1M975
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Page 3
j. Jews Urged To Remember
hose Unable To Leave USSR
|r "new initiatives" by the
an Jewish community to
oviet action on both Jew-
pniRration and rights of
Ireds of thousands who
Ever be able to leave the
I" was sounded at the an-
fclenarv meeting of the Na-
[ Jewish Community Rela-
Advisory Council last
the Dieter, an analyst on
affairs, urged that the
community "get out of
npasse of concentrating
bn emigration" and broad-
emphasis to demand full
bus. cultural and corn-
rights for Jews who re-
fin the USSR.
called the "total and
focus" on emigration an
cessary and self-imposed
tion" by the Jewish com-
Dng the proposals set by
|C membership was the
hon of a request for mem-
ap from the Jewish De-
[ League. Member agencies
he national organization
in a formal statement
"history of encouraging
ndeed, undertaking acts of
ice" and condemned such
i as "harmful to our cause
norally unacceptable."
; statement added. "We re-
fit as intolerable that any
organization should re-
i force to compel the Jew-
ommunity to accept its
and only its views."
rejection of JDL had
voted without dissent
the 450 delegates, repre-
pg nine national Jewish
ations and 97 local Jew-
ommunity relations coun-
presentatives to the NJC-
neetings also took a strong
pminued from Page 1
chers identified sites on
ein where the electrons
pntarily rest.
finding solved the rid-
how electrons can reach
er site in the enzyme
i is tucked away in the in-
f the molecule and is
ssible to straightforward
peal attack.
er levels of ceruloplas-
(n blood serum is essential
h; insufficient produc-
f the protein has been as-
fed with the fatal metabolic
known as Wilson's
1-00 P.M.
]"*< Www, ..,
stand on Jewish, emigration
from the Soviet Union. They
called for "new initiatives" by
the American Jewish communi-
ty to prod Soviet action on both
Jewish emigration and restora-
tion of the cultural rights of
Jews who remain in the USSR.
Community leaders were
warned against letdowns in pub
lie protest drives and campaigns
brought on by enactment of the
Jackson-Vanik Amendment.
Stanlev H. Lowell, chairman
of the National Conference on
Soviet Jewry, called the legis-
lation "a maior breakthrough"
in the on-going campaign for
Soviet Jews but said the Jew-
ish community may have be-
come "victims of our own suc-
cess" because of public miscon-
ceptions that the law itself has
accelerated emigration.
Reporting that some 140,000
Jews who have applied for exit
visas are being thwarted by
present Kremlin resistance that
has slowed emigration to about
1,000 a month. Lowell called for
new and wider tactics that
would place the issue "on the
agenda of all international con-
ferences and in the context of
U.S.-Soviet cultural exchanges."
"Wholesale demands" for the
restoration of Jewish education-
al, cultural and religious insti-
tutions and facilities that "will
put the Soviet Union on the
moral defensive throughout the
world" were also proposed dur-
ing the sessions.
The plenary meetings result-
ed in an endorsement of re-
visions in the Federal budget
that give human needs priority
over concerns about the size of
the budget deficit.
The declaration criticized both
the Administration and its ve-
toes of vital social measures and
Congress for a "piecemeal ap-
proach" to unemployment, hous-
ing shortages, health care needs
and other social ills.
It urged, among other meas-
ures, an increase of one million
public service jobs, accelerated
public works, federal funding of
welfare, comprehensive national
health insurance, greater fed-
eral assistance to public educa-
tion, larger food stamp and
school-lunch programs and ex-
pansions in youth training, sum-
mer jobs and work-study pro-
The statement added, "Be-
yond our concern for justice
and equity is the fact that com-
petition for scarce jobs accentu-
ates polarization and hostility
between groups, increasing sus-
ceptibility to demagoguery,
scapegoating and anti-Semit-
Paley Cultural Center In
Jerusalem To Cost $1 Million
The Paley Center, a new three-
level cultural facility devoted
to an extensive study of both
Jewish and Arab arts, has been
donated to the Israel Museum
by William S. Paley. chairman
of the board of CBS, Inc.
Ground will be broken for
the center by Aug. 1 and is ex-
pected to be completed within
a year. The center will cost an
estimated SI million, including
the price of the land which was
donated by the Israel Museum
under whose aegis the center
will be.
The building is being estab-
lished by Paley in honor of his
mother, Mrs. Goldie Drell Paley,
94. of Philadelphia and Palm
"The center, designed by ar-
chitect Moshe Safdie, will be de-
voted to the advancement of the
arts and their enjoyment by the
people of Jerusalem," Paley ex-
plained. Teddy Kollek, Mayor of
Jerusalem, reaffirmed that "it
will serve the entire area of
eastern Jerusalem, both Jewish
and Arab."
He added: "In addition to its
intrinsic cultural and recrea-
tional value, the Paley Center
will also be a natural meeting
ground for Jewish and Arab
children in a variety of classes,
including painting, sculpture,
ceramics, photography, batik,
drama and dance. This is a
meeting ground which tran-
scends differences in language,
in culture, in ways of life."
Paley expressed the hope that
the center "will become a sym-
bol of peace as well as a cul-
tural institution." He empha-
sized that the foremost purpose
of the center "is to contribute
to the nurturing of a new gen-
eration of understanding in this
troubled area of the world."
Friendly Visitors Have Made 4,000
Hospital And Nursing Home Visits
The "Friendly Visitors" of the
Jewish Federation of Palm
Beach County met recently at
the home of Mary Broadman.
chairwoman. They reported that
to date. 4,000 visits have been
made to Jewish patients in the
area hospitals and nursing
The 40 volunteers participat-
ing in the Women's Division
project met for discussions with
Jewish Family and Children's
Service caseworker. Carolyn
Jacobson and Federation Staff
Director. Esther Sokol.
Esther Levy is cochairwoman
of the group organized in 1972
to perform a community serv-
ice for Jewish hospital patients.
The Friendly Visitors began
a pilot project of nursing home
visits in May, 1975. Referrals
are made, where necessary, by
the Visitors to the JFCS or the
Federation to help meet patient
or family needs. ^^^^_
Jewish Singles Plan
July 27 Splash Party
The Jewish Singles group is
planning a 6 p.m. splash party
at Camp Shalom Sunday, July
27, according to Marsha Good-
mark, president.
Contact Ms. Goodmark or the
Federation office for detailed in-
formation on the group's activi-
Tslsphaw, Personal Contact,
and/of Both.
Send resume te S.T.,
Bex 012973, Miami 33101
Forum Committee Planning
10th Annual Lecture Series
The Jewish Federation's Com-
munity Forum is scheduled to
open its 10th year of educa-
tional programs in January.
The Forum Committee met
recently under the chairman-
ship of Dr. Sherwin Isaacson to
discuss plans for speakers and
topics in the 1976 lecture se-
ries. The Forum will continue
as a platform devoted to the
advancement of Jewish educa-
tion and in areas of interest to
the Jewish community.
A special evening on Jewish
dimensions in the American
Revolution Bicentennial will be
Committee members include
I Edward Adler, Janice Den-
ner, Rabbi Hyman Fishman,
Maurice Holsberg, Alec Jacob-
son, Dr. and Mrs. Laurence
Leviton, Dr. and Mrs. David
Newman, Dean Rosenbach, Dr.
Marvin Rosenberg, Ken Scher-
er. Jay Tenzer, Dr. Allan VVald,
Robert Wiener and Dr. Peter
Also attending the planning
meeting were Federation Pres-
ident Bette Gilbert, Executive
Director Dr. Clifford Josephson,
and Esther Sokol, director of
Community Education.
The Jewish Community For-
ums' bi-weekly Sunday pro-
grams will again be held at Tem-
ple Beth El, West Palm Beach.
35 Florida Jewish Men's Clubs
To Be Represented At Convention
The Florida Region of the Na-
tional Federation of Jewish
Men's Clubs will be represented
at the national convention in
New York late this month.
Ed Tucker, a new vice pres-
ident who will be one of three
men representing the 35 groups
of the Florida region, is also a
member of the National Fed-
eration's Board of Directors.
Active in Temple Beth El's
Men's Club (West Palm Beach)
since 1968, one of the major
projects during Mr. Tucker's
term as president was to in-
crease trie blood bank avail-
able from member donors in
conjunction with the local
American Red Cross
Mr. Tucker stressed the im-
portance of guidance from the
National Federation in leader-
ship training for youth, reli-
gious aspects of programming,
and fighting Arab propaganda
on the college campuses
through the Hillel Foundation.
"Our sons will inherit our
beautiful new sanctuaries, and
they must keep alive our Jew-
ish heritage and Yiddishkeit,**
Mr. Tucker declared.
Mr. Tucker's son, Michael,
fought in the Israeli Army dur-
ing the Yom Kippur War and
saw combat in the Golan Heights
and the Sinai Desert.
MTftODUCTIONS for C.#anUashie
or Morriaga. All Aa. WOtti
WIDE SRVKE. Cell (305) 491-4020
r writ* far fcjffMrtt UW
DICK ENTtmtStS, 2501 L Cae>
:l BhrS.. Ft. hsWSBSMSt Ft*.
* v o
W. R. ZERN, L.F.O.
Phon* S33-4061
Phon* S32-S121
Through September 1,1975
Spouse's Name
Child's (Children's) Name:
Date of birth
Check one:
Husband- Wifa
Single parent family
Single (IS years A up)
30 00
Membership will be limited.
Retorn with chock payable to the Jewish Federation of Paim
fk] rl f*MMh damhjbmbw I
MolCfl WWiiy 9**jmrw*mm '

Page 4
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
July ]
A Worthwhile Warning
.^ert Chernin, the newly-elected executive vice
chairman of the National Jewish Community Relations
Advisory Council, issued a timely warning when he
urged the an Jewish community not to "over-
whelm itself with fears."
Chernin was referring both to a fear of erosion in
American public opinion's support of Israel as well as
a fear oi a deteriorating condition for American Jews
n was not saying that Utopia has come for
American Jews. "A little paranoia is a realistic percep-
tion ol history and essential to our survival.'' he
said. But. he warned, a "blind attitude" by American
Jews to their "hospital conditions" could lead to "a self-
fulfilling prophecy threatening our survival.-'
The new NJCRAC official was obviously referring
to fears expressed since the Yom Kippur War and the
Arab oil boycott of Jewish individuals and organiza-
tions that Jew are in real danger in the United States.
However, the polls that show most Americans sup-
port Israel and that the American people blamed the
oil shortage on the Arabs,
TV Jumps the Gun
There were some reports on the national television
networks last weekend definitely announcing that Is-
rael and Egypt had signed a three-year interim accord
based on unrevealed Israeli plans to withdraw from the
We mention this, not to show that confirmed re-
ports are frequently fictional, but to comment on the
temper of the times in America.
We do not doubt that such an agreement may be at
band. Ambassador Simcha Dinitz's visit with Secretary
of State Henry Kissinger at Kissinger's vacation spot
in the Virgin Islands certainly underscored the amount
of pressure the Ford administration is applying on Israel
to withdraw from the Sinai, and largely on Egyptian
That the administration placed a special plane at
Dinitz's diposal for his trip to the Virgin Islands also
underscored President Ford's recent statement that "I
will not allow'' stagnation in the Middle East toward the
achievement of an Israeli-Arab accord, temporary or
Our Nation's Fears
But all of this bears on America at large, not just
on the American Jewish community.
As we have already noted, the newly-elected execu-
tive vice president of the National Jewish Communitv
Rlations Advisory Council is on record as having warned
Jews not to be overwhelmed by fears that American
public opinion is swaying against both Israel and
American Jewry.
The point is that there is a GENERAL fear in
America today, not just a Jewish fear, about Arab inten-
tions in the Middle East.
It can not be denied that a good deal of this fear
is based on Arab oil policies.
But also a significant part of this has to do with the
nation's growing concern that a new war in the Middle
East will not find the U.S. involved militarily as it has
been in the past.
#'Jemsfi Flcridian
' In conjunction with Jwhh Federation of Palm Beach County Inc.
Combined Jewloh Anneal
._.,_ 502 Citizens Buildlnr. West Palm Beach Florida ttim
SLmM^ffiai^fift 6th St" x^-^a* "~. m-m
MIAMI ADDRESS: P.O. Box 01I97S Miami. Florida 31101 ,'Z1*'*m*
Editor and Publisher
Executive Editor
Assistant to Publisher
OfTK. ui nd'" ? Not Guarant.e Tht Kaahrvth
n t?^V-C-^,nd',e AOv'^iMO I" "ta Column*
Th- iJL -v !K? re'iirJ" Jr* lo b* forwarded to
The Jewish Floridian. P.O. Boy; 012973. Miami. Fla. 33101.
Published Bi-Weekly
Bemnd-Claag Postage Permit Pending at Miami. Florida
Volume 1
Friday, July 18, 1975 *. ^
Female Sexism Brings Equd
CHAKESPEABE wrote of the
fair sex that IJM -
... t: the booK-
arts, the i That
contain, and nourish all the
Ambrose Bierce tempered his
exultation in women's beauty
with imount of
chauvinism, but nevertheless
rated it by rhapSOu
that "man is but a mind/ .
But woman's body is the \
an. o 9ti thou, my r
rt, and do Go."
edward coote Pinkney
said of woman: "Her every tone
those of
mornina birds. And something
more than melody 'Dwells even
in her words."
George Pope Morris declared
that "An angel kneels in wom-
an's form."
And who does not know-
Solomon's paeans of praise to
his beloved, which have surely
served as a model for every
love-sick soul since the "Song
of Songs" was first uttered?
ALL OF this inspirational
erotica in the hearts and minds
of men has flown freely for
millenia in just about every
conceivable culture.
Women may have been, and
may still be enslaved, as the
modern women's libber would
have it, but there never was a
dearth of male sentiment some-
where on this dreary globe to
argue that the female is the
gentler sex.
She is, after all. the bearer
of the race. Her role is to nur-
ture life and to inspire love
not only physical, but spiritual,
as well.
WHO HAS not, at one time
or another, wondered what
things would be like if women
were in the highest places, not
men if women occupied the
seats of governmental and
, <
economic power, not their stal-
lion-like mates?
Aggression would disappear.
Since women give life, they
would never be inclined to take
it. The Isaiah vision would be
fulfilled there would be war
no more.
Of course, when I ask who
has not, at one time or another,
wondered about this, I expose
myself to the wrath of. say, the
Germaine Greers and Kate
Milletts of the liberation move-
THEY WOULD argue that
such speculations are sexist,
male manufactured romantic
notions ostensibly designed to
enshrine womento put them
up on a pedestal and worship
their beauty, to protect them
from a cruel and hostile world,
to shield the life-giver from the
heartless life-taker.
But, the Greers and the Mil-
letts would argue, man's real
purpose in thinking this way is
It is in fact a disguise to en-
slave women, to exploit them as
housekeepers, servants, nurses,
scullery maids and, mainly, as
unpaid prostitutes.
AND, for all of their alleged
romanticism, there has never
been a dearth of men on thie
side of the fence, either, and
well before women's liberation
ever got off the ground offi-
cially in our time.
At a Cambridge -
grave sirs, is never?
But today's WQmJ.
'shoring up tne"5
artillery, could also
Aaron Hill ori women*!
kindly, they rebel
rough as nutmeg-gr''
the logues obey you.
Or from that chr
content. Jonathan
growled: "She (
her clothes as if
thrown on with a
and "She (woman)
(man) as a cat would H
ALL OF which is
making comment on
haps requires link o
all, since the two ite
in mind speak for
or just about.
It would seem L_
Gandhi as Prime w
India should have bet
fillment of any male:
dream: a woman in J
power over one of (
and potentially power!
in the world.
But it was Mme. __
through a deception,!
the atom bomb to .
year, when it is food i
cine and education aj|
to bring there.
AND NOW it is
has imprisoned all of]
nonents by crushing
kash Narayan, the
spoken of them all, I
lawing the political
tern and, in fact,
of Rights," which ,
freedom of speech,
Dictator Gandhi hail
mockery of the .
"saryagraha," the .
hind the practice of I
oi love rather than the!
State power, as enu
Continued m
Mafia Gangster and Poet Au<
Number 10
10 AB 5735
Los Angeles Times Syndicate
NEW YORKWhy should the
news about John Rosselli bring
to my mind a poem by W. H.
Auden? John Rosselli is. of
course, the Mafia gangster, now
a grandfatherly figure, who ap-
peared before the Senate com-
mittee on the CIA with such
secrecy that the papers were
not sure the pictures they ran
were really of him.
Along with the late unlament-
ed Sam Giancana. he seems to
have worked on the Castro as-
sassination plot in the early
1960s, in a plan to poison Cas-
tro and his top two men. and
thus topple the regime.
FOR SOME reason it sent me
back to Auden's poem, called
"September 1, 1939." which
opens thus: "I sit in one of the
dives On 52nd Street/ As
the clever hopes expire/ Of a
low dishonest decade."
That is how Auden felt about
the '30s. which had inspired
his generation with such fire
and hope, and which expired
with a second world war. Simi-
lar lines could have been writ-
ten about the '60s. and doubt-
less will be written about the
70s as well.
What makes the lines espe-
cially poignant now is that the
shadow of Rosselli and Gian-
cana, and of the CIA operations
now being sifted, fails over the
Kennedy years in the early 60s
when so many points of' light
=ed to be flashing over fhe
FOR ANYONE who wants to
In 'eW VveM8 <<** dec-
ades William Manchester's
massive UOO-pege book. -The
Glory and the Dream" (Lin?
Brown) u a good starting pSJ.'
I have kept coming back to
it since its publication. There
are things to be said against it,
and the reviewers have said
themits prolix length, it*
mountains of detail, its failure
often to discriminate between
the trivial and crucial, its lack
of any basic interpretive theme.
Every couple of generations
someone puts together an "Our
Times" chronicle.
ANYONE WHO has tried to
do any teaching which involves
some knowledge of what hap-
pened in America in the '30s,
40s and SOs. even the '60s,
knows how innocent the stu-
dents are of it.
Their knowledge starts some-
where in the middle or late
60s. If there were a paperback
version of the Manchester book
I would make it mandatory for
every high school and college
studentand for their teachers
as well.
Then we could start equally
from the same point, and fight
about our interpretations.
MANCHESTER begins with
he Bonus Army, encamped in
Washington in 1932, and ends
with Nixon victorious in 1972.
facing the Watergate scandal.
It is scarcely a 40-year period
to give a title like "The Glory
and the Dream" to it. One could
A SqMl,y "The G,ory and
the Nightmare."
I say this because every gen-
eration has some one decVde
which was crucial for it. and
which conditioned its outlook.
But what conditions us is not
only our hopes and dreams but
also our frustrations and disil-
^SLk^88? cnici^ decades
something in each of u come.
Stu"?1, *i thtn we <"
uttle in each disiUusionment.
For Auden and for C|
Lewis and Stephen
Spain was both hope
and Munich was death.
ONE WAY of naimnil
ades is, I suppose, by
dent who dominated f
we have had the
years, the Truman *
Eisenhower years, the I
and Johnson yean, *]
The '30s were the
confidence, which car
gan with the Great
and ended with Pearl
THE '40S were >**]
in which the nation
unity, but they were l
by a bad peace and
of a strident cold war.
were dominated by thej
erf nuclear weapons andr
rings of the Third Wr
Yet compared with'
lowed, they, too. sees'
age of unconscious *
The '60s started with u1
of promise, moved on f
of social revolution!
mired down in the i
endless war.
The 70s Began
Watergate and the i]
end seem dominated*
the large questions '
gration and survival
BACK IN 1939, Audjjl
somber as we are ten
fenceless, under tM
Our world in W
Yet he also sew *,
points of light"
from "the Just.
Ito oada: ***#
like thmu/ Of **
dust/ Beleaguered "J'J
Negation and deep*/
affirming flame.
They are fines that^
too Mpteet for oor
J like them.

L July 18. 1975
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Page 5

Is College In Your Future?
Elsie Leviton, chair-
n of the Temple Israel
v Committee, invites stu-
, and interested residents
k through its collection of
ent college catalogs. Ap-
kimately 20 major Jewish
Lenities, as well as state
and junior colleges are
up-to-date "College Guide
[jewish Youth" is available
U details special facilities
for Jewish students at all major
Summer library hours are
Mondays, 10 a.m.-l p.m.; Fri-
days, 10 a.m.-noon; Friday eve-
nings after services; and other
times by appointment by calling
the temple office.
The Temple Israel Library,
located at 1901 N. Flagler Dr.,
West Palm Beach, is a free com-
munity service with a specializ-
ed collection of Judaica.
lemple Beth El Cultural Program
r distinguished speakers
Jewish personalities will
ght the Fall program of
Beth Els Cultural Corn-
beginning in October.
irman Max Shapiro an-
nced. The series will in-
5_Di. Max Lerner,
Oct. 26Dr. Samuel Rosen-
blatt, son of the late cantor
Joseph Rosenblatt;
Nov. 30Esther Jungreis in
"The Jewish Soul on Fire";
Dec. 27The Brothers Zim in
a cantonal concert.
For further information,
members and friends may call
the temple office in West Palm
npaign leaders in the 1975 Federation's recent CJA-
drive at Village Royale on the Green, Boynton
ch, are llejt to right) Al Moskowitz, Carmine Tom-
if, Murray Zimmerman, Gilda Tommassi, Lou Reiser,
ia Brodsky and Aaron Brodsky, chairman.
Jewish Underprivileged
truggle Against N.Y. Odds
Becker, president of
Metropolitan New York
irdinating Council on
m Poverty (MNYCC-
|> issued a sharp condem-
on here of Human Re-
1 r c e s Administration
W) Commissioner James
Dumpson over his recom-
fm cm in funding of
rams for poor Jewish
other white ethnic
he slash would amount
U50 (or 55 per cent)
e current $475,000 now
K allocated by the HRA
f City's 400,000 Jewish
ofH!!i?)ney'which Con-
or matching federal and
' ffVS !lSed by ,he MNY-
J Jjnd.nB. staffing and
*&* ssin 10
Sh' met;ting for pro-
*,e ethn>c groups.
^jnounced that SSS
fte HRAU .r* *" ta
toS m^ ,0 Pr-
ke oir.-
',* of the city's eco-
in other programs in his de-
partment. These include staff
salaries, day car* and senior
citizen centers.
At the meeting, Becker abo
announced that a suit would be
brought against the New York
City Council Against Poverty
(CAP), a channeling group that
distributes federal and state
funds for poverty areas.
He charged that CAP has
"systematically excluded" the
Jewish poor by the use of cer-
tain criteria for establishing
poverty areas that receive fund-
ing. He said that the use of
these criteria, such as the num-
ber of live births and the inci-
dence of juvenile delinquency
are unfair to the Jewish poor,
who are mainly elderly.
of whose $42 million budget
only eigh tenth of one per
cent goes to the Jewish poor,
was given only a 10 to 15 per
cent cut while his group re-
^ceived a 55 per cent slash.
Dumpson said, however, that
the mayor had "earmarked"
$912,000 for CAP and that he
had no choice as to whom it
was given. Dumpson also said
he saw no evidence of any dis-
crimination in CAP'S funding.
NCJW and Pioneer Women Hit
Mexico City Confab Resolution
NEW YORK-It was the best
time; it was the worst time. It
was a success; it was a failure.
Everyone attending the Inter-
national Women's Year Con-
ference in Mexico City had a
separate point of view and in-
terpretation of what occurred:
what was the perspective of
three American Jewish women
Ann Robison, International
Affairs leader of the National
Council of Jewish Women, at-
tended the official U.S. gather-
ing called the Conference, as a
delegate from the International
Council of Jewish Women.
"I FOUND little comfort,"
she said, "either as an Ameri-
can or as a Jew. What we anti-
cipated actually happened, that
some repreentatives of UN
members turned the conference
into a political arena. A political
arena which expressed strong
ami-U.S. and anti-Israel senti-
ments. It disturbed me deeply
to see the original purposes of
the Conference so perverted
with nonsense resolutions link-
ing Zionism and apartheid."
The Tribune, the non-govern-
mental gathering across town
from the conference, was gen-
erally characterized by squab-
bling and chaos.
DENESE MANN, of Hartford,
Conn.. NCJW leader and Trib-
une delegate, said that "there
was enormous polarization be-
tween the American feminists
and the women who demanded
a 'new economic order.'
"Strictly si>eaking, the issues
of women"* rights were lost in
the shuffle. And regardless of
the pious statements from the
developing nations that full
equality for women will come
with economic development,
I'm still concerned with the
problems of Jewish women in
those countries, who suffer on
two counts."
What ultimately is the mes-
sage for Jewish women?
Said Rose Fishkin, another
NCJW Tribune delegate from
Middlesex County, "I see two
things about Jewish women in
this respect. The first is that
where human rights are con-
cerned, Jewish women will
inevitably be leaders. It's part
of the way we have acted tradi-
tionally and will continue to
"But the other thing, which
really struck me at this gather-
ing, is that Jewish women must
also look to their own special
needs, their own special prob-
lems, and their solidarity with
THE THREE women agreed
Jewish women all over the
that (or long-range results, only
nitty-gritty work would be suc-
cessful. They pointed to NCJW's
advocacy role in support of the
ERA and Title IX, which prohib-
its sex discrimination in educa-
tion, and commented that the
U.S. Women's Agenda recently
passed by the Women's Action
Alliance would probably have
the most impact in the next few
years. #;
The 100,000 members of the
NCJW are committed to a broad
program of education, commu-
nity service and citizen action.
Among its current priorities are
Women's Issues, the NCJW Re-
search Institute for Innovation
in Education in Jerusalem.
Also reacting to the confer-
ence's condemnation of Zion-
ism, Charlotte Stein, national
president of Pioneer Women,
called the vote a further at-
tempt by developing countries
to isolate Israel from the work'
"I AM surprised not with-
standing past resolutions adopt-
ed by United Nations' commit-
tees," she said.
"Of all the nations repre-
sented, Israel has been a cham-
pion of women's right to work,
day-care centers for their chil-
dren and a leader in legislation
closing the economic and so-
ciological gap between the
sexes which is so prevalent in
many countries today.
"Our sister organization in
Israel, Moetzet Hapoalot (Work-
ing Women's Council), serves
all Israeli womenArab and
I am sorely disappointed that
the women of developing coun-
tries could not transcend the
narrowness of political expedi-
entitled the "Declaration of
Mexico" was adopted over the
opposition of the United States
and Israel delegations. The
wide-ranging resolution called
for a change in global econom-
ics, urging the elimination of
colonialism, Zionism and apart-
heid. Pushed through commit-
tee by Third World and Soviet-
bloc countries, observers felt
that the lack of votes against
the resolution by many indus-
trialized countries was due to
their fear of Arab oil-producers
who were among the resolu-
tion's backers.
"I applaud the United State*
stand," Mrs. Stein added.
stood up against this outrageous
act and unlike many represen-
tatives has taken a moral and
ethical position."
Pioneer Women works close-
ly with its sister organization in
Israel, Moetzet Hapoalot, and
the 12 other Pioneer Women
organizations around the world,
in maintaining a network cf
social service and educational
programs for women, youth
and children of Israel.
On the American scene it
support social action and edu-
cational and youth programs
for the enrichment of Jewish
Remove Bias Restrictions
Before U.S. Loans are Granted
ernment of Syria is serious in
its recent efforts to obtain in-
creased American trade, in-
vestment and tourism, it should
remove the discriminatory re-
strictions currently enforced
on the 4,500 Jews still living in
Syria, a well known expert on
the Middle East told the House
Committee on International Re-
Dr. George E. Gruen, direc-
tor of Middle East Affairs for
the American Jewish Commit-
tee, in testimony before the
Special Subcommittee on Inves-
tigations, stated that despite
token actions to improve the
public image of Syria in the
United States, the Syrian gov-
ernment continues to impose
heavy restrictions on its Jew-
ish community.
SYRIAN JEWS, he said, are
restricted in their right to trav-
el, to attend universities, and
to sell or inherit property. The
word "Musawi" of the faith of
Moses) is stamped prominently
on their vital documents, in-
cluding bank accounts, drivers'
licenses, and even certificates
of membership in the medical
guild, he added.
Dr. Gruen made his state-
ments in connection with an
investigation concerning an Ad-
ministration plan to grant Syria
:ong term, low interest loans
totaling $58 million.
"I believe that the United
States should continue to seek
to improve relations with Syria,
but this must be a two-way
street," Dr. Gruen declared.
"IF THE Syrians wish in-
creased American trade, invest-
ment and tourism, as they say
they do, then it is manifestly in
their own self interest to do
something to convince the
American public that Syria is
a country governed by the rule
of law and not a police state
subject to the arbitrary whim
of the Muhabarat (intelligence
or secret police)."
Dr. Gruen emphasized that
Americans are concerned with
the rights ot Syrian Jews "as
a basic humanitarian issue, and
not as part of the Arab-Israel
IN DECLARING that "Syria
is the only Arab country that
totally refuses to allow its Jews
to emigrate," he pointed out
that the government's policy
was "inconsistent with Arab
practice, and indeed contradicts
the official Arab propaganda
line, which allegedly draws a
distinction between Israel,
which it opposes for political
reasons, and Jews, which it
respects as members of a
monotheistic faith."
M the
cuts rca
(305) 968 4600

Page 6
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Friday, July lg
Mandel Says Reds Sensitive About Exits
Marvin Mandel of Maryland,
who was one of eight governors
who visited the Soviet Union in
May, said that it must be im-
pressed upon the Soviet govern-
ment that the issue of Jewish
emigration is a human not a
political problem and that the
American people support the
right of Soviet Jews to leave
the USSR.
He said that President Ford
and Secretary of State Henry
A. Kissinger should make the
Soviet leaders aware that all
the people of this country are
concerned about the problem.
SPEAKING at a press con-
ference sponsored by the Na-
tional Conference on Soviet
Jewry at the offices of the
American Jewish Congress,
Mandel said that the governors,
who were on an official State
Department-sponsored exchange
visit met with Soviet President
Nikolai V. Podgorny and other
Soviet officials and were treated
with extreme courtesy except
when the emigration issue was
He noted that the Soviets ap-
peared to be much more sensi-
tive on this than they were
when he visited the USSR three
years ago.
The Russians said that there
was no problem and that the
issue was being raised by out-
side forces, Mandel said.
HE SAID they also declared
it was an internal issue. Man-
del reported that the governors
in turn tried to point out tha|
this was not a political prob-
lem, but one of human beings
who wished to join their fami-
Senate Pulls U. S. Out of ILO
The House of Represen-
tatives has withdrawn the
United States government
from participation in the In-
ternational Labor Organiza-
tion because the ILO gave
the Palestine Liberation Or-
ganization status in that
United Nations affiliate as
an observer.
Supporting the position of
the AFL-CIO, the House vot-
ed to delete from appropria-
tions to the State Depart-
ment the funds to pay into
the ILO. The cutoff is ef-
fective as of last June 12.
Rep. John Slack (D., W. Va.)
and John Murtha (D., Pa.) led
the fight to delete the funds.
They were opposed by Reps. El-
lord Cederberg (R., Mich) and
Millicent Fenwick (R., NJ.).
Slack, who introduced the
deletion legislation, pointed out
that while observer status is
non-voting and non-paying, it
permits the PLO representation
in ILO proceedings.
Slack poin'ed out that when
the ILO admitted the PLO, the
U.S. delegation, made up of
representatives of government,
labor and management walked
The labor group said it would
not return to that session. The
U.S. tunds 23 percent of the
ILO budget.
THE HOUSE vote was 21-8,
less than a quorum. But since
no member raised the point of
the absence of a quorum or
entered an objection, the ILO
amendment was adopted.
Cederberg argued he has
"never been a real fan" of the
ILO, but Secretary of State
Henry A. Kissinger and others
in the State Department ex-
plained to him that suspending
U.S. funds to the ILO "at this
time when we are carrying out
these negotiations (in the Mid-
dle East) just adds another
problem that we really do not
need at this time."
Cederberg made much of Is-
rael's remaining in the ILO,
saying "the reason" is that the
Israelis "figure they can do
more good within the organiza-
tion rather than moving out-
Murtha said "Congress has to
exert itself' because the PLO
should be condemned "especial-
ly after allegedly participating
Peres Warns Against
Giving Up Passes
TEL AVIV(JTA)Defense Minister Shimon Peres de-!
clared here that if Israel was to give in to Egypt's demands'
that she evacuate the Mitla and Gidi Passes, Israel would
be left without a defense line in the Sinai.
"As long as Egypt does not end the state of war with!
Israel we cannot evacuate further than the line which goes.
through the eastern side of the Passes," Peres said in an
interview with Maanv.
"THESE PASSES are the anchor to which the Israeli
Army's" defense is attached, he stressed.
Peres said that Israel wants in return for an evacuation
of the western part of the Passes an agreement by Egypt
that she would not go to war for a certain period of time.
The aim of this agreement would be for Egypt to con-
centrate on her internal economic and social affairs rather
than on war with Israel.
Chief of Staff Gen. Mordechai Gur said that the Passes
were important for both Egypt and Israel. But he said that
Egypt's insistence that Israel evacuate the Passes entirely
may indicate that Egypt is planning some offensive action
GUR NOTED that if Israel holds the eastern section of
the Passes it would not be a military threat to the Suez
Peres, in the newspaper interview, said it would be ad-
visable to reach an agreement also with Syria or with the
United States over Syria. But he said because of the Golan
Heights topography there can be no withdrawal on the
Golan as in the Sinai.
in the Munich massacre and
proudly displaying this type of
support for that type of action."
He said he hoped the House
action would not "upset the
delicate balance of negotiations
(in the Middle East) but for too
long we have delayed action
and allowed the State Depart-
ment to dictate to us what we
should da We control the funds.
The only ability we have to
condemn this organization is by
cutting off the funds."
ASKED TO comment on the
House action, the State Depart-
ment said it "regrets" the action
since the ILO "is a highly use-
ful organization." Spokesman
Pobert Anderson noted that the
U.S. had voted in the ILO
against observer status for the
The ILO. he observed, is for
government, worker and em-
ployer representatives, and the
PLO "has no government or
recognized worker or employer
groups" and "fias no business
to be taken up in the ILO."
The Maryland governor said
that in every hotel lobby there
were leaflets and brochures at-
tacking the emigration issue.
He said one had a report
from a Pravda correspondent In
New York who claimed to have
visited Russian immigrants in
the Brighton Beach section of
New York who were unhappy
with their life in the United
MANDEL stressed that the
emigration issue is a major
problem for the Soviets. "They
have a great problem explain-
ing to the people of the country
why anyone wants to leave
when they spend 36S days a
year telling how good it is," he
He added that the Russians
also fear that if Jews are al-
lowed to leave. Ukrainians and
other national groups will seek
exit visas
Mandel said he talked with
a w.mian who has been refused
an exist visa for herself and
her two small children even
though her husband is now a
violist with the Baltimore
Symphony Orchestra.
He said he also met with ac-
tivists such as Valery Rubin,
Vladimir Slepak and Alexander
THEY FEEL that the Jack-
son-Vanik Admendment has
helped them because the harass-
ment no longer takes a ,
form since the Russians
the world is watching
He said he was told that i
15 percent of Soviet Jews
emigrate if they could
would be about 450.000 pen
Mandel said the Soviet
~U*d him the best form of !_
sure on the USSR would bel
educators and scientist,
speak out, both in the Ui"
States and especially wneni
are in the Soviet Union.
man of the NCSJ, who _
duced Mandel, said whilTi
governors in their May
and a group of U.S.
who are in the USSR now,
expressed concern about
plight of Soviet Jews, "r
tabiy, the President and _
tary of State appeared to~U
placed the issue of freedooj
Souet Jews on the back
He said this has been in
preted by the USSR to |
tensify the repression of;
Lowell called upon Ford'
use the weight and presba]
his office in behalf of
Jewish Prisoners of Con
so that they may be allowed
emigrate, and further that I
the best Ame. ican tradition I
call on the leaders of the I
viet government to put an i
to all discrimination and.
pression of Soviet Jews."
He also urR"d Congress
undertake a legislative
of Soviet violation of
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creative and innovative teachers for 1975-76 faculty,
grades 3 through high school.
For info- motion, call MOSHE STERN, TEMPLE BETH El
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The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Page 7
Soviet's 30% Tax on Foreign Money to Hurt Jews
TSCOW The Soviet gov-
art-s new 30 per cent tax
money Soviet citizens re-
from abroad is expected
nnose a hardship on Jewish
lifts, according to the fla-
al Conference on
the Conference did not
how bad a hardship since
not known if the tax will
addition to or instead or
Existing M per cent bank
dling charge Soviet citizens
pay on money received
abroad A Conference
kesman said it is also not
am if the tax will include
be certificates which can be
to Soviet citizens to buy
rjs in stores ar.d which pur-
three times as much as
r does. .
tony Jews who have lost jobs
applyinc for emigration
are dependent on funds
Argent'ne Act Against
jter Alberto Rocamora has
_ asked by the Association
ewish Survivors of Nazi Per-
dition to take action against
war criminal, Walter
chmann. who has been liv-
| in Argentina since 1947 un-
| the alias of Pedro Ricardo
lutschmann was questioned
[the federal police for six
after Nai-hunter Simon
enthal said he was the SS
er responsible for the exe-
of 20 Polish Jewish uni-
professors and their
dies in Lwow on July 4,
fiesenthal, who heads the
war crimes documentation
her in Vienna, said he was
Bng this public prosecutor in
fl Germany to seek to extra-
Rutschmann. He said the
dossier on Kutschmann
would be handed over to Ar-
gentine authorities.
ft ft ft
Cutback for Jewish Poor
NEW YORKA recommenda-
tion to cut $261,250 in programs
for the city's poor Jewish and
other white ethnic groups has
been criticized by Jerome Beck-
er, president of the Metropoli-
tan New York Coordinating
Council on Jewish Poverty.
He said the recommendation
by city Human Resources Ad-
ministrator Commission James
R. Dumspon would cut S per
cent out of the current $475,000
now being allocated by the HRA
for the city's 400,000 Jewish
Becker also said a suit would
be brought against the New
York City Council Against
Poverty (CAP), which dis-
tributes federal and state funds
for poverty areas, "systematic-
ally" excluding the Jewish poor
by establishing certain criteria
which are unfair to the mainly
elderly Jewish poor.
ft ft ft
Last Day at UN
Ambassador Yosef Tekoah, who
is leaving the UN to take up his
new duties as president of the
Ben Gurion University in Beer-
sheba. spent his last day here
by meeting with Undersecretary
Robert Gruyer to discuss the
problems of Soviet and Syrian
The new ambassador, Gen.
Haim Herzog, will take up his
post sometime in August. In the
interim, the Israeli Ambassador
will be Pinhas Eliav who is the
new deputv head of the Israeli
Mission in New York.
ft ft ft
Scotland Yard Searching
LONDONScotland Yard is
searching for a "Carlos Mar-
tinez" suspected of being an
Arab terrorist operating in Lon-
|Fuel Price Control Proviso
Should be Implemented
e Administration's energy
m, including recent in-
i in the excise taxes on im-
petroleum and proposed
ntrol of domestic crude oil
es, could cost 40,000 air-
jobs, ground 400 airplanes
curtail service to many
nunities, an official of the
Transport Association of
erica said this week.
'>offs of 40,000 airline em-
fees would mean that one
if every seven men and
i in the industry would
their jobs.
GROUNDING 400 airliners
take out of service one
f every five rline air-
he saiu
Administration's fuel
. unless its impact is
>ratc, J* Ukely to add an-
SI 08 billion to the air-
l annual fuel bill. That fuel
J. already soared too
T*JP* Klines fuel
1974 were $1 billion
Jn they were in 1973,
rIne conservation
">at enabled the ear-
hVH"?" a won >-
fifiSW1974 than ta
PA!!!! Mnomcemem
"Administration's plans
*JW 01 oil price.!".
I9x ^.continued to
"IT WOULD rise to 44 cents
a gallon under the Administra-
tion's proposed program, and
this does not take into account
further increases in imported
crude oil costs now threatened
by the Organization of Petro-
leum Exporting Countries.
"Congress is now considering
new legislation on energy
policy. The House Interstate
and Foreign Commerce Com-
mittee has recommended pas-
sage of H.R. 7014, with an
amendment by Rep. Eckhardt
implementing price control pro-
visions of existing law. The
Committee's bill takes a gradual
approach to changing price
levels on domestic crude, there-
by establishing more reason-
able prices for domestic crude
than under the Administration',
program. The bill proposed by
the Committee should be en-
don and Paris. However, police
here believe he may have fled
the country.
Police found a cache of arms
and explosives and a book con-
taining the addresses of promi-
nent British personalities in a
flat in the West London district
in which many Arabs and other
foreign nationals live.
The address book contained
the names of several members
of the Sieff family; the Jewish
impressario Sir Bernard Del-
font; the opposition deputy lead-
er Sir Keith Joseph; Yehudi
Menuhin, violinist; playwright,
John Osborne, and his wife,
among others.
French police have also been
examining the findings as part
of their hunt for an escaped
terrorist involved in a Paris
shoot-out in which two counter-
espionage agents and their
prisoner, a Lebanese known as
Michel Moukarbel, possibly the
founder of an Arab terrorist or-
ganization, were killed.
ft ft ft
Histadrut Conference in Israel
NEW YORK With Golda
Meir serving as patron, the Is-
rael Histadrut Foundation is
planning to bring hundreds of i
Americans and Canadians to Is-
rael in November to attend a
three-day Histadrut Solidarity
Conference, according to Wil-
liam H. Sylk, conference chair-
Featured on the conference
program, in addition to Mrs.
Meir, who will address the
opening session at the Tel Aviv
Hilton, are Prime Minister Yitz-
hak Rabin, Minister of Defense
Shimon Peres, and Histadrut
Secretary-General Yeruham Me-
Dr. Sol Stein, noted econo-
mist and Labor Zionist leader,;
who established the Foundation
15 years ago and is its current'.
president, stressed that in
"times like these, it is impera-
tive that grass-roots American;
Jews assist in strengthening the
economy of Israel and its social
-The Israel Histradrut Foun-
dation does this by enabling
even modest-income individuals
to make substantial gifts
through the Histadrut Annuity
Trusts, which give the donor 9.5
per cent annually tor life."
The Israel Histadrut Founda-
tion, a .component of the Na-
tional Committee for Labor Is-
rael, has raised nearly $40 mil-
lion for long-range health, edu-
cational and social welfare pro-
grams of Histadrut in Israel
ft ft ft
Soviets Harm Israel's Interests
TEL AVfV Gen. Benjamin
Telem, Commander of Israel's
Amphibian Forces, told news-
men at a press conference here
that Israel's sea defenses have
been substantially strengthened
rince the Yom Kippur War and
that they are ready for any con-
tingency including a blockade
of Bab-el-Mandab.
Gen. Telem also declared
that in the struggle against ter-
rorists access from the sea is
even more difficult than in the
past, but that it is a virtual im-
possibility to seal it off alto-
In commenting on the aid giv-
en to the Arabs by the Soviets,
Telem said that a Soviet spy
ship is operating near the ter-
ritorial waters of Israel and
causing much harm to Israel's
According to Telem, the spy
ship is monitoring and inter-
cepting every radio transmis-
sion and every telephone call
both within Israel and between
Israel and other countries.
ft ft ft
Hebrew University Honored
versity President Avraham Har-
man will receive an honorary
degree from Pepperdine Uni-
versit yin California as a ges-
ture of tribute to the Hebrew
University of Jerusalem on the
occasion of its 50th anniver-
Harman was informed of this
honor by Dr. Donald R. Sime,
vice president of Pepperdine
University, and Prof. Harold |
Shire of the same university,
All copy from organiza-
tions and individuals must
be submitted to the Federa-
tion Office no later than 12
days (Monday) prior to
publication (every other
Articles of current events
and activities should be 150
words or less, typewritten,
double-spaced with pictures
clearly and properly iden-
tified, together with the
name of the person submit-
ting the story, address,
phone number and name or
Contact Esther Sokol, Di-
rector of Community Edu-
cation for the Jewish Fed-
eration. The paper reserves
the right to edit.
M_z~." .....m to rise
Lr what they were in
flff- who I"*** to
,* which cost 12 cents
^2^-1973, hM more
^0led > domestic op-
has tripled in in-
Pe rations.
/Meet hrwfi fennMMf DrfitJfawts T**
(Return October 8, 1975)
2 Wttfa tsrGtl Mw 4 Nights rftosaW, Torkty
3 Nights Athens, Grtoco
Miami H Wkmk $1549.00
Includes DE LUXE accomnaodatiori throughout trip, full
Israeli breakfasts and dinners in Israel; Continental breaK-
fasts in Istanbul and Athens. Transfers, sightseeing, Ops
and taxes. De Luxe Hilton Hotels.
\Ki m *
who called on him this week to
convey the congratulations of
their university to the Hebrew
University's Jubilee.
The announcement of the
conferment of the degree oil
Harman was made by Dr. Wil-
liam Banowsky, president ot
Pepperdine University.
ft ft ft
Israeli Diplomat on Tour
ture Bureau will bring Walter
Eytan, Israeli diplomat and
former Ambassador to France,
to the United States for a series
of lectures during the month of
He will be available to lecture
in local communities on topics
dealing with prospects of peace
in the Middle East, Israel-Arab
relations, and Israel and the
Soviet Union.
Eytan, the first director-gen-
eral of the Ministry for Foreign
Affairs under Moshe Sharett
and later under Golda Meir, was
the head of the Israeli delega-
tion which negotiated the first
armistice agreement with Egypt
at Rhodes.
From 1960 to 1970, he served
as Israel's Ambassador to
France during the DeGaulle and
Pompidou regimes, and he is
currently the chairman of the
Israel Broadcasting Authority.
n poson
70 Of 14S H0C-MS
iuM ?6 TO Iff 5
%% 0ISCMNI ion U D ST*
(305) 866-8831
D cii'y LSa* SK'Cliy Oooerved)
On the Ocian it 17th Strut,
Miami Beach. Florida 33141
Write tor free color brochure
SEPT. 5 lo SEPT. 16
12 DAYS and 11 NIGHTS
from $200 per person, dbl.
JULY 26 AUG. -fr AUO. AUG. 23
and a week aopirtar FAMILY CAMPING AUG. 34 30
Camp Highlander makes full use of 170 acres of North Caro-
lina mountainside country and our gymnasium to present
New Intense Majors Programs in GYMNASTICS AND DANCE,
CAMPING and H.A.W.K., as well as the traditional programs
in these and other activities including water skiing, canoeing,
swimming, riflery, archery, nature study, hiking, gymnasium
and lend sports.
Coaitoct Fred Lawman, P1NI CREST SCHOOL
1S0I N.E. etteW ST., FT. LA4JDERDALE, FLA. 33394
PHONE: 7734550

Page 8
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
I Friday, juiv n
??i~a^Lb-ct^-... Ju*f CU^^f-
Do you have a question relating to a family problem?
Each month, the Jewish Family and Children's Service
will attempt to answer questions of general interest' in
this column. Inquiries should be addressed to "Dear
Jenny," Jewish Family and Children's Service, 309 Citi-
zens Building, West Palm Beach, Fla. 33401.
Dear Jenny:
In the city where I formerly
lived, several Russian Jewish
emigre families have been set-
tled with assistance from the
local Jewish community. Why
haven't we in Palm Beach
County been part of this hu-
manitarian endeavor?
Dear Concerned:
Perhaps the word just hasn't
gotten around yet. Up to the
present we have been involved
in the resettlement of two Rus-
sian-Jewish families, although
the. Jewish Family and Chil-
dren's Services has been in ex-
istence a relatively short time.
JF&CS handles details, such
as finding housing. jobs,
schools, etc. and Federation
provides financial and other
support as needed.
As a small community, we
really cannot undertake the re-
settlement of many individuals
at a time. Also the language
barrier and the new arrivals'
unfamiliarity with our customs
and laws sometimes results in
their feeling isolated from the
rest of the Jewish community.
It would help if some of our
Russian-speaking citizens would
lot JF&CS know that they can
be called on to extend a hand
of friendship to newcomers. At
r-*snt w have not received a
request from H1AS to accept
am>f>er family, but as always,
JFACS and Federation are
ready to help if needed.
& Dear Jenny:
I have been advised to seek
counseling for a member of my
family. My understanding is
that this kind of help is very
expensive. Although our income
is very limited, we want to do
whatever we can to help our
child. Is there a Jewish clinic
or doctor where we can get as-
sistance with these problems
within our means?
Worried Mother
Dear Worried:
Professional confidential help
'it1' vour child's problems is
available at the Jewish Family
and Children's Service. Con-
sultations can be arranged by
calling the JF&CS office Mon-
day through Friday, at 655-
0667. Income and family size
are taken into consideration in
setting fees.
I hope you will contact this
agency so that you can receive
the help you and your family

21Jewish Family and Children's Services Executive
Board Meeting 7:30 p.m.
Federation Calendar Committee President's Meeting
Temple Israel 10:00 a.m.
22B'nai B'rith Women Palm Beach Chapter 174 Regu-
lar Evening Meeting
Congregation Anshei Sholom Regular Meeting
Temple Beth El Sisterhood Card Party 12 Noon
23Women's Division Education Meeting Century
Pioneer Women Golda Meir Chapter Board Meeting
1:00 p.m.
26ORT, Palm Beach Evening Chapter
29Yiddish Cultural GroupCentury Village Clubhouse
10:30 a.m.
30Hadassah Yovel Group Card Party McArthur
Dairy 1:00 p.m.
Enjoying The Jewish Floridian?
As part of its program of community education, the Jew-
ish Federation provides a subscription to the Jewish Floridian
of Palm Beach County to individual members of the Jewish
Your pledge to Federation provides the dollars to keep
our Jewish populaUon informed, knowledgeable and aware of
events internationally, nationally and locally as they
concern Jewish life.
Direct cost of a subscription, including mailing, data la-
beling and handling, is S3.00 for 26 issues per year.
The bi-weekly newspaper is one of the many community
services rendered through Federation. If you have not yet
made your 1975 pledge, please phone the Federation office at
655-841 l.and make your commitment today.
Aral), Jewish Youth Meet In
Jerusalem to Talk of Peace
JERUSALEMMrs. Anwar el
Sadat refused to talk to Mrs.
Yitzhak Rabin at the Women's
International Year Conference
in Mexico City last week, but
in the heart of Israel's capital
other Arabs and Jews are talk-
ing, debating peace plans and
even living together.
At the Louise Waterman Wise
Youth Hostel in Jerusalem,
built and maintained by the
American Jewish Congress
Women's Division, a group of
75 teenagers from two trade
high schools recently ended a
three-day seminar devoted to
Arab-Jewish relations today and
what the future may be like
HALF OF the participants
were Jewish students from Ha-
dera; half were Arab youngsters
from the village of Tybe. All
were citizens of Israel. And
despite the widely divergent
viewpoints that marked their
discussions, they left Jerusalem
exchanging addresses, promis-
ing to write and planning visits.
The seminarwhich also in-
cluded tours of Jerusalem and
dancing and sinking in the
Hostels Steinberg Paxillion
re\ned a project initiated sev-
eral year as? 1 h\ the Hostel in
cooperation with the Israeli
Ministry of Education, the Gov-
ernnient Information Office and
Histadrut to foster better un-
derstanding between Jews and
In the immediate wake of the
Yom Kippur War. the series
was suspended. But the success
of the recent meeting has en-
couraged the Hostel to set up
additional meetings between
young Jewish and Arab Israelis
later this year.
in a tense atmosphere. There
was some suspicion, even hos-
tility at first. Many of the
youngsters hesitated to speak
out. But it was not long before
the initial strain lesened and a
frank exchange developed.
Most of the Arab students
thought the creation of a Pales-
tinian state was essential, but
they were divided over whether
it should be an independent
West Bank State or federated
with Jordan.
Some of those who defended
ihe idea of an independent
Palestinian state expressed ap-
prehension about the role of
Yasir Arafat and of the terror-
ist methods of the various PLO
Others among the Arab par-
ticipants openly advocated
State of Israel as outlined in
"Greater Palestine," a euphem-
ism for the annihilation of the
Yasir Arafat's speech to the UN
General Assembly.
BUT WHEN asked if they
would move from Israel to a
Palestinian state, only a few
B'nai Torah
Rabbi Nathan Zelizer. new
spiritual leader of B'nai Torah
Congregation, will conduct serv-
ices on Friday and Saturday at
the First Savings and Loan As-
sociation, Boca Raton.
Subjects of the sermons will
be: "Hear, O Israel!" and "How
to Pray."
Registration for the svm-
gogue's new religious school
program is now in progress,
under the direction of Diane
A B'nai Torah Women's get-
acquainted coffee for members
and friends will be held Tues-
day evening at the home 0/
June Messinger.
answered in the affirmative;
most of them replied that they
would remain in their home
towns as Israeli citizens.
The Jewish students, too, ex-
pressed a wide \ariety of opin-
ions. Some fervently defended
the claim to a "Greater Israel,"
the slogan of groups calling for
retention of the West Bank as
a permanent part of Israel.
Others supported return of the
occupied territories as a price
they were willing to pay in ex-
change lor peace.
The husband-and-wife team
of Da'id and Gena Frishman,
directors of the Youth
believe the experiment
derstanding is worth do
and repeating.
"These young Israelis 1
and Jewish, must come toL
each other if there is ^
peace in our country-j|
the Middle East," DauTr'
man says. And Gena Friil
"Even the 'hardliner!'
both sides managed to
friendships with one aaal
Let the peacemakers tabi
Agonizing Need for Peace
In the end, America today is in no mood for a
military adventures. Not even Israel's repeated assar]
ances that in the event of a new war, it would neve I
come to that, have proven effective.
This is why the network over the weekend were
quick to report what has yet to occur. It was a mime
of impatient public sentiment to still their fears.
But, along with Chernin, it is our hopeful view that
this impatience, these fears, do not express themselva
as hostility either toward American Jews or Israel.
They merely show what the TV reports showed-!
the agonizng American need for peace.
Ex-Nazi War Criminal
in Argentina
imprisonment in absentii
an East German court in 1
He is now living in Bonn.
lieutenant in the German 1
macht, but the crime was 1
mined by the SS.'' Wiesei
said. "The Wehrmacht had I
part in it and Oberlaender j
fully rehabilitated." he ad
Wiesenthal, who tracked (
Adolf Eichmann. said his n
sentative in Buenos Aires 1
mitted to the police photo
and fingerprints
Kutschmann s identity-
He said the stau pr
in West Berlin tuned down I
request to demand Ku
mann's e*traui:ion. "b
there is no chance to get I
against Oberlaender was or
ized by the East Germans all
height of the cold war toj"
credit the anti-communist
German government 01
"We hope Kutschmann will
arrested by the Argentine
lice," Wieaenthal said.
(immunity Agencies Warni
Against New Anti-Semitism
NEW YORK (JTA) unemployment, housing "
Jewish community relations ages, health-care needs
agencies, warning that a otn*r "o^*1 iUs
continuing rise in unem- THE 450 delegates, repr
ployment could "accentuate in the a""5 nati,onal ^
polar.zat.on and hostilitv be- tion8 ^ 'V^C*X *
tween groups," have called J^taD c^l^
for a federal budget in a third one-year term as
which "human needs" take T**- Jwsh '
JSow Living
SS officer now living in Argen-
tina was responsible for the
execution of 20 Polish univer-
sity professors in Poland dur-
ing World War II, Nazi-hunter
Simon Wiesenthal said here.
Wiesenthal. director of the
Jewish Documentation Center,
said former SS officer Walter
Kutschmann, 61, is now living
in Buenos Aires as an Argen-
tine citizen under the name of
Pedro Ricardo Olmo.
HE IS a leading executive of
Osram Argentina, a subsidiary
of the West German Osram
Electrical Company.
Kutschmann was responsible
for the execution of 20 Polish
univerity professors and 18 of
their relatives on July 4, 1941,
in the former Polish, now So-
viet, town of Lwow (Lemburg).
This war crime had been at-
tributed to former West Ger-
man Minister Theodor Ober-
laender, Wiesenthal said.
Oberlaender, minister for dis-
placed persons under Chancel-
lor Konrad Adenauer from 1953
to 1960, was sentenced to life
priority over concerns about
the size of the budget defi-
A policy statement, adopted
at the annual meeting of the
National Jewish Community Re-
man. The Jewish
Council of El Paso. Tet.
elected to membership
coordinating agency.
The NJCRAC policy
ment contended that the^
lations Advisory Council, criti- deficit ,0 wm ,he LiiT
cal of both the Administration economic recession. *"
for its vetoes of "vital social ruption and human misc. 7
measures" and Congress' ft added: "Beyond oof
[or its "piecemeal approach." ^ro for justice and equ*
urged an increase of one inilhon the fact that compete*.
Public service jobs, accelerated
public works, comprehensive na-
tional health insurance, expan-
sions in work-study programs
and other measures to combat
era for justice and
the fact that com.
scaroeties accentuates
tion and hostility
groups, tacreasmg

av, July 18, 1975
The Jewish Floridian of Palm heach County
Page 9
He'll Urge
Ford To
Provide Aid
T,.-, \\ i\- (JTA) Sen.
i y s;?^,2n his
knival here tlinf he'would urge
president Ford to provide Israel
L-ith greater than average mili-
I nee nod expressed
foncern over the Ford Adminis-
tration's current reassessment
lean Middle East policy.
[ Thi< i- ii" 'imc to re-evaluate
Lr nolicv towards Israelit is
lime to reaffirm it." the New
york Republican Conservative
Bl'CKI.F.Y declined to com-
nent on the latest developments
hich included a reported Ford
Ultimatum to Israel to soften its
rosition on an interim agree-
ment with Knypt.
The Senator met with Pre-
mier Yitzhak Rabin. Defense
Minister Shimon Peres and
bther Government officials dur-
Dg his stav in Israel.
Bucklev said he was concern-
u over Portugal's refusal to
lllow U.S. transports to use
Azores airfields for an arms
Lirlift to Israel in the event of
fcnother Middle East war.
FOR THAT reason, he said.
Ford should consider the need
provide Israel with larger
han average stores of military
uipment, spare parts, combat
onsumables, up-to-date air-
craft, surface-to-surface mis-
siles and related materials
ded to meet the military
hreat to Israel's survival.
Buckley said this war mate-
riel should be stored in several
of the world, including

The 1975 unit heads at Camp Shalom are from left to
right (seated) Sherri Gilbert, Arts & Crafts; Sandy
Tanen, Assistant, Arts & Crafts; Debbie Diamond, As-
sistant Waterfront; Beth Siskin, Camp Secretary; Phyllis
Morgan, Pre-School Division; Daphne Levy, Educational
Program Director; (standing) Bob Adler, Athletic Direc-
tor; Robert Kessler, Camp Director and Federation As-
sistant Director; Mike Boone, Waterfront; Andy Jacob-
son, Halutzim Junior-High Program. More than 300
campers, counselors and counselors-in-training are un-
der the direction and supervision of the staff specialists
in four levels of camping programs, including the two
visiting Israeli scouts.
Women's Sexism Brings Them Equality
Continued from Pas* *-
Mohandas Karanchand Gandhi
(no relation to Indira Gandhi),
who first brought India its in-
dependence from colonial rule.
Who Decided
To Bring Back
Sternist Remains?
Observers here are attempt-
ing to find out, so far with-
out success, who decided to
hold a state funeral for
tliahu Hakim and Eliahu
Beit Tzuri, the Sternists
hanged in Egypt 30 years
PR and reburied on Mt.
Werzl with full military
honors. Official sources said
P was not a Cabinet deci-
Circles close to Foreign
flimsier Yigal Allon inti-
ated. that he had not been
nvolved in the decision-
naking, although he, along
pith Premier Yitzhak Rabin,
|*ere among the thousands
F Israelis who paid their
Inspects before the two cof-
||ns Prior to the funeral and
s'dent Ephraim Katzir
P a wreath.
THE MEN, known in Israel
F the two Eliahus," were sent
IWw in 1944 t0 *nate
d Vne' ,he then British
* Minister in the Mid-
** who opposed Jewish
Potion into Palestine.
l'o^LWer*Jcau8ht- entenced
art 8nd han8ed In 1945
.ZTe buried in the Jewish
l* er? in Cairo. Lm, w*k,
The British Ambassador, Sii
Bernard Ledwidge, telephoned
the Foreign Ministry here to
deliver his government's ex-
pression of regret on behalf of
Foreign Secretary James Cal-
laghan over the decision to hold
a state funeral for Moyne's as-
THE MESSAGE expressed
"regret that the government of
Israel has seen fit to treat in
this way the bodies of two con-
victed assassins" at a time when
Britain, Israel and other states
were making efforts to combat
international terrorism.
The message Is understood to
have referred to the fact that
the Jewish community in Pales-
tine and the world Jewish lead-
ership had condemned the as-
sassination at the time and
strongly dissociated themselves
from it.
Israel is expected to deliver
a formal reply to Britain
throush its Embassy in London.
THE BOARD of Deputies of
British Jews and Lord Roths-
child have also deplored Israel's
decision to give the Sternists a
heroes' burial.
Israeli circles indicated last
week that the decision was a
gesture in the interests of na-
tional unity and an indication
that the bitter controversy that
divided Israelis in the latter
years of the Palestine Mandate
and the early yea" <* State-
Twod over the violent tactics of
groups like the Sterntets ha
ow bam healed.
How is that for the nurturing
OR TAKE the United Nations
conference in Mexico City, os-
tensibly the first international
meeting of women for the pur-
pose of examining their role in
a male-dominated, sexist so-
The conference concluded
last week with a resolution con-
demning Zionism. What could
be more irrelevant or, indeed,
more absurd?
Of course, one should not
have expected much more than
politicking at a UN-sponsored
function, because the UN to-
day is a Third World-dominated
mishmash of Arat> petrodollars
and African nations foolish
enough to believe in Arab clap-
trap about Arab revolution and
Arab liberation.
BUT EVEN on its own terms,
the anti-Zionist resolution is an
absurdity. Compare the status
of women in Israel to the status
of women in the Third World,
and one is forced to ask in a
burst of bitter laughter, who is
condemning whom?
But the essential issue in the
end is that a women's confer-
ence to discuss ways of achiev-
ing equality in a sexist world.
UN-sponsored or not, couldn't'
even come up with a resolution i
condemning sexism.
It could walk out as Leah
Rabin, wife of the Israeli Prime
Minister, rose to address the as-1
sembly. And it could condemn
Zionism both purely political
acts. ***;
BUT IT could not manage to j
carry out the central business
of the conference a conse-
quence not one iota different,
from the sexist, male-dominated ,
manner and business earned (
out at the UN in New York it-
Klf. ~ '
In this unique and clownish
failure, the conference PP?"
to have shown itself to be what,
the Greers and Milletts say of j
women: that they are indeed
slaves of a male-dominated
world, parrots of their male;
masters, incapable of thinking
and speaking for themselves.
In ttoeae two unrelated cir-
cumstances. Gandhi and the
women's conference, the myth
dies hard, but die it does, that
women are the gentler sex, that
they are the nurturers, that in
their hands the world would
know war no more.
IN FACT, women are very
much like men.
Very much a man himself,
Lord Byron once declared:
"Sweet is revenge especially
to women."
And the poetess. Letitia
Elizabeth Landon, who lived to
barely 36 years of age she
died in 1838was nevertheless
wise enough to have surmised
about women that, "As beautiful
as woman's blush" is so is it
"As evanescent, too."
These were disappointed 19th
century views of the romantic
in revolt, showing women cap-
aole of human emotion not
necessarily related to the nur-
turing earth-mother, but still
different as in the past. In these
views, woman is suddenly more
hateful than man.
MY OWN feeling is that it is
sad, but nevertheless it is true
that women can be as 'cruel,
bigoted and ignorant as the men
with whom they share thia
If this, be sexism, as some
might declare it, what does it
matter? At Mexico City, who
cared about sexism? At Mexico
City, actions spoke louder than
words. And in New Delhi, who
could possibly mistake Dictator
Gandhi for a man?
Women aie equal, all right,
whatever some romantics, dis-
appointed or otherwise, may
once have said to the contrary.
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Page 10
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County
Fridy, Julvn,
^aWmtttal ^age
co-ordinated by the
Palm Beach County Rabbinical Council
Rabbi Hyman Fishmen
Rabbi Sheldon Harr
devoted to discussion of themes and issues relevant to Jewish life past and present
i Samuel Ha-Nagid: Rabbi,
Poet, Statesman, General
Beth David South
Could you imagine a Jewish
president of the United States?
Well, maybe.
But could you imagine a
Jewish president of the United
States who would put on Tefillin
and daven each morning, eat
only kosher food, observe Shab-
bat and the other mitzvot of
Halachic Judaism, write He-
brew poetry and books on He-
brew grammar and even be the
author of an introduction to the
Talmud in Hebrew?
Now. that's another story!
Would you believe that there
was such a head of statethat
he lived in Spain almost 1,000
years ago. that his poetry* still
survives and that his "Introduc-
tion to the Talmud" is found at
the beginning of every- copy of
the Talmud in use today?
His name was Samuel, the
son of Joseph. In Arabic, he
was called Samuel ibn Nagdela.
But to Jews, he was known as
Samuel ha-Nagid. Samuel the
Prince. Vizier (Prime Minister)
of Granada. General of its
armies and. for a number of
years, for all intent and pur-
poses King of that Arab mon-
Samuel was an extraordinary
man. but he also lived in extra-
ordinary times.
Spain was ruled by Arab-Mos-
lems called Moors. The Moors,
like many other Moslems, saw a
great deal of similarity between
their religion and Judaism. Both
believed uncompromisingly in
pure monotheism; both were
concerned not only with a set
of beliefs, but a total way of
life; both had a Written and
Oral Law that explained that
way of life, and both recognized
the importance of scholarship
in secular as well as religious
realms in order to make life
more pleasant and more mean-
There was a great deal of
mutual respect between Mos-
lems and Jews. The latter were
not only permitted, but en-
couraged by the Moslems to live
by the Laws of the Torah.
In the middle of the 10th
century the Caliph (Moslem
ruler) appointed a Jew, Hasdai
ibn Shapnit. as his personal
physician. He used his influence
and wealth to found a Yeshiva
a Talmudic Academy in
The Yeshiva flourished and.
under the guidance of Hasdai
and Rabbi Moses, the Jewish
community of Spain became the
Your Rabbi Sneaks
Tisha B'Av-1975
Century Village
Patriotic Americans observe
Memorial Day and pay tribute
to those who lost their lives in
American wars and to rededi-
cate themselves to the ideals
and principles for which the
sacrifices were made.
Tisha B'av. which falls on
July 17 this year, is a Jewish
national memorial day. a FAST
day. not merely to memorialize
sad events, but also to pray for
the welfare of the Jewish people
in the Diaspora and in Israel.
The Ninth of Av has been a
day of grim tragedy in Jewish
history. On this day. the Israel-
ites, escaping from Egypt, were
doomed to wander in the desert
for 40 years. Spies sent to
Canaan by Moses to explore the
land came back with their false,
discouraging report on Tisha
This was also the date of two
great tragedies: the destruction
of Solomons Temple (586
B.C.E.); and, according to the
Mishna. the burning of the
Second Temple by the Romans
(70 C.E.).
Both the defeat of Bar Koch-
ba in 135 C.E. and the expul-
sion of the Jews from Spain in
1492 occurred on this fateful
It is in this spirit of reliving
the past that Jews have ob-
served Tisha Bav throughout
the centuries. No flags fly. no
parades march, no bands play.
It is a day to be spent quietly
in praying, fasting, and reading
the scroll of Eicha Charity is
given, synagogues are lit with
candles only, while the people
ait as mourners, shoeless, on
low benches. Lamentations are
chanted together with dirges
known as Kinnot.
Even though Judaism bids
man to worship God in joy, this
is one of the occasions on which
fasting is encouraged. In this
regard, the Conservative wing
honors only the Ninth of Av
besides Yom Kippur.
Reform Judaism disregards
Tisha Bav. as well as all the
other national fasts. Secular in-
fluences in Jewish life threaten
to do away with fasting on Yom
Kippur as well.
To abandon this hallowed
practice would inflict irrepar-
able loss to the already attenu-
ated religious life of Jewry. A
pampered generation like ours
can ill afford to dispense with
this sobering institution which
submerges the gratification of
bodily appetites to the needs
of the spirit. It brings home the
truth that not by bread alone
does man live.
Fasting is a form of self-
restraint, a self-discipline, which
enters into every system of
morality and religion. When
Jews are prompted to restrain
their appetites and passions,
they attain an exalted degree of
religion-mindedness; they gain
a freedom which the libertine
can never know. They conquer
their desires and become
masters of themselves. They
learn moderation in all things.
"Kaddesh atzmecha bemuttar ,
lach." (sanctify thyself in what
is permitted to thee). Strive al-
ways to live on the heights.
winch in time will work mir-
acles of spiritual regeneration
the goal of Jewish Irving.
most cultured and highly edu-
cated center of Jewish life in
the world. Almost every Jew
was conversant with secular
knowledge. Jewish Law, Hebrew
grammar and poetrv.
This was the environment in-
to which Samuel was born in
Cordova in 933. As soon as he
was old enough. Samuel became
a student at the Yeshiva.
When civil war broke out
among the Arabs. Samuel fled
to Granada. We don't know ex-
actly how the future statesman
first came to the attention of
the Vizier of Granada. Legend
has it that he was a professional
scribe who used to write court
In any case, we do know that
the Vizier became so enamour-
ed of the young Samuel that be-
fore the Vizier died, he recom-
mended Samuel as his success-
or. The king soon appointed him
not only Vizier, but General of
the Armies.
Samuel had great political
power, but he never forgot his
Judaism with all the responsi-
bilities of his position. He con-
tinued to find time for the study
of Torah.
As General he often sensed
in the enemy troops a certain
jealousy in seeing a Jew as
commander of the Armies of
Granada and he often expressed
this sentiment in his poetry-
But never did Samuel become
a bitter man or a vengeful war-
rior-statesman. He was too im-
bued with the teachings of the
Torah to lose the sense of com-
passion that Torah teaches.
One day. we are told, the king
heard an Arab curse Samuel.
The King ordered that the
man's tongue be cut out. but
the Vizier countermanded the
order. He spoke to the man and
found that he had suffered many
misfortunes in his life. He re-
alized that the curses were only
an expression of the poor man's
frustration. Instead of punish-
ing him. Samuel gave him ex-
pensive gifts and sent him home
to his familv.
Some time later, Samuel and
the King rode together in a
royal carriage. They spotted the
man walking in the street. He
looked up at them and shouted.
"Blessed be our King and his
noble Vizier."
When the King asked Samuel
why he had not cut out the
man's tongue as he had com-
manded, Samuel replied. "I did
exactly as you ordered. You
ordered that this man's wicked
tongue be removed. I have done
so. and now he has a kind
tongue in its place."
When the King died, his son
took over. But the latter was a
playboy who did not live up to
his responsibilities as head of
While the young man occu-
pied the throne as a figurehead.
Samuel ha-Nagid ruled Grana-
da, as he continued to study
Torah. write on the Talmud and
Hebrew grammar and compose
volume after volume of poetry
in the language of his people.
10 AB 7:54
Inside Judaica
Executive Editor
Encyclopaedia Judaica
What is the status of
atomic research in Israel?
Development of atomic
energy in Israel was initiated
even before the end of the War
of Independence (1948-49), and
by the late 1960s research and
development in all fields of
atomic energy represented one
of the major national research
According to the authoritative
Encyclopaedia Judaica. the ini-
tial phase of atomic energy de-
velopment in Israel consisted of
two enterprises. The first was a
survey of the natural resources
of the country, particularly with
respect to the nuclear raw ma-
terials uranium and thorium.
Only low-grade deposits, pri-
marily associated with phos-
phate rocks, were located.
The second enterprise was the
initiation of a training program
to provide the necessary scien-
tific and technical staff for pos-
sible application of atomic
energy to the national economy.
The first research center was
located in temporary quarters
near Rehovot, and later moved
to its present site at Sorek. The
major facility at the Sorek Re-
search Center is a 5 Mw swim-
ming-pool-type reactor acquired
with the assistance of the U.S.
under the 1955 Atoms for Peace
Program, says the Encyclopae-
dia Judaica. This reactor be-
came operational in 1960. Other
facilities at Sorek include hot
laboratories, and research lab-
oratories for physics and chem-
istry, as well as health-physics,
electronics and mechanical
services. A Radioisotope Train-
ing Center, a joint Weizmann
Institute Israel Atomic Energy
Commission venture, was also
established at Sorek to provide
basic training in the techniques
and applications of radioac-
A second nuclear research
center was established at Di-
monah. some 25 miles South-
East of Beersheba. It was de-
signed to provide better facili-
ties for technological research
in nuclear power and desalting
as well as more extensive lab-
oratories for basic research and
training. The main facilities
there include a 24 Mw natural-
uranium heavy-water reactor
with extensive experimental fa-
cilities. In addition, the center
has hot laboratories, and engi-
neering, chemical, and physical
research laboratories.
The aim of the research and
development program, the Ju-
daica reports, is to acquire the
technology and fundamental
knowledge of nuclear science
and to apply these as early as
possible to the advancement of
the country.
Israel is a member of the In-
ternational Atomic Energy
Agency (Vienna) and partici-
pates actively in various inter-
national programs. Her experts
have been sent to various coun-
tries (Brazil, Costa Rica, For-
mosa. Greece. Kenya. Rumania,
and Uganda) to help in
lishing atomic energy
or to help in various applica-
tions. International courses am
held in Israel at the Sorek
Nuclear Research Center.
Israel has
Argentina, Brazil, Chile 1
Peru, the Philippines k-
and Uruguay for coopen3
atomic energy research unf
Question B{
Why is the fifteenth i
of the Hebrew month
observed as a minor !t*|
val according to
The Talmud (Taanft mJ
lates that this day was a a
festive day in the period of]
Second Commonwealth.
Rabbi Simeon ben
who lived through the Id]
Bethar recalled from his |
the kind of festive at
that came over the peopb]
this day. It was ranked in |
same category as Yom
when the goal of atonemeatj
achieved in the latter.
daughters of Jerusalem
go out in festive array as I
of these days. To equalize I
potential they all wore
ed clothes so as not to
barrass the poor.
A number of reasons uti
fered in the Talmudic liti
for characterizing this day I
such a festive one. For |
thing, deaths due to the!
that ensued after the
demonstrated their lack of I
after they heard the report \
the scouts, ended on that i
Secondly, on that date
tribes were finally allowed I
intermarrysomething thai
not been allowed previously I
cause of the concern thu I
inheritance of the
members of the tribes mght^
transferred out of the tribe!
another tribe.
Third, it was also on this'
that the guards that bad
stationed to prohibit the pi
of the Northern Kingdom oil
rael (referred to as
from going to the Temple J
Jerusalem were finally
ed. (They had been placed l
in the days of Jereboam.
King of the Northern Ki
The Talmud, besides
other reasons .Baba
121a). also includes the
that the victims of Bethar.<
were previously denied
right to burial by the
Romans, were finally I
burial privileges on this .
Generally speaking, it
that tragedies which beteBJ
people of Israel both fromr
in as well as from "
seemed to have been
on this day. In moderfli
some kibbutzim have: tne^
restore this festival by
it "Chagigat hakeranum
festival of the vineyards)
In the diaspora,
prayers are omitted to*.
liturgy on this day In *
of the Temple, this '
sometimes called the day j
wood offering- There
designated days on when
was brought to the Temp*
burning on the altar.
This day was the*
whca the priests, Len
Jews who were not **V
their tribal or&a*rT
their share of the wood
Temple. Since the woo"|
itwcobnii-ted *S "
was considered **"
(After this period tfte
weald net be as dry

m HMli
Some are Different Some Arc
The Same as 100 Years Ago
Friday, July 18, 1975 j+lst tkrkftor Page 11
[culties and problems which surround us,
led to ponder recently what might have
happeninM here in 1875, one hundred
; ago. I dipped into my library, and came
,ith some fascinating material.
It wns a i-TiNtt year. Sir Moses Montefiore,
|dv 91 years old, was paying his seventh
[what was to be his last visit to the Holy
I. He as received with honors, was show-
Twith requests lor help, and had his share
[minlaints as well.
IE JEWISH community of the time was
dilferent from the one we know today.
I document which Montefiore had before
told that the education given by the
ardim to their children was considerably
rior to that among the Ashkenazim.
he latter were also depicted as being for
nost part poverty-stricken beggars, unable
nwilting to engage in manual labor, in con-
to the noble Sephardim who were hurd-
ling and sought to improve their status in
hard work and education.
kir Moses cot an earful in reply from the
trs of the Ashkenazi community, who be-
him to visit the modern and com-
Ible housing quarter, recently erected, and
Ln as the Meah Shearim Estate.
**** 1N 197S "* ^intain that the
i wwu... -,y3tem oHree-medical eare leads-
hT! 1ST* au"d hy'w>chond'ia. should know
U h I" f "8ed- Sir Mses' infantS
reported to him that the hospitals in Jerusalem
showed a total of 66.000 visits per annum, or
an average of about five visits per year for
every Jewish soul in the Holy City.
The Inference is that since medical care
s free, why not take it' Indeed, it was charged
hat some of the "so-called patients attend at
tne hospital for pastime."
Montefiore took seriously everv aspect of
his inspection tour. Delegates of a free Soup
Kitchen brought him samples of the food
which they gave to the poor, and the visitor
recorded: "We all tasted several of the dishes
and found them to be very good, so much so
that I begged the ladies to send me some more
of it for my own dinner."
THE FOLLOWING Shabbat the ladies came
around again and brought him dishes of
"Khameen," known to the West as "Tchomt."
Sir Moses and all his party cheerfully partook.
Alas, the following morning he records:
"I passed a most uncomfortable night; I suf-
fered from indisposition occasioned by the
change of diet and had to remain confined to
my chamber."
Portugal -- Europe's New Ming
Ground for a Free Society
U THE United States and Israel have
I deep concern now regarding the Immediate
long-range future of Portugal: Washington
ply recovering from its long, hairy involve-
in Vietnam, fears the potential loss of a
ally in Lisbon and more intensive Mos-
penetration into the Portuguese political
military tangle.
Israel, hearing rumbles of the proffer of
million by Saudi Arabia and other Arab
trs to Portugal for a greater share of de-
i-making there, has to add new trends in
on to its long list of situations to worry
FOR BOTH Washington and Israel, there
inxiety over the fate of air bases in the
* especially when it is recalled that dur-
[the Yom Kippur War of 1973. these Perta-
refueling zones made it possible to ex-
ft> the flow of American aid to beleaguered
An the eve of Portugal's decisive constitu-
ai assembly elections in late April, Lisbon
Washington know that no refueling of
ncan planes to assist Israel in case of re-
j" of Middle East hostilities will be per-
Time and technological advance may soften
"tow of that threat, however. American
pkmes can he refueled in midair: and other
emergency steps are available to the Pentagon
to solve that problem.
BUT FREE men everywhere In the
United States, in Israel, on the European Con-
tinent, in scores of other nationshave reason
to look upon the shifting tide of events and
conditions in Portugal with apprehension. For
any people in the modern world, shaking itself
loose from even a moderate dictatorship (the
36-year rule of Antonio Salazar) and finding
the military filling the vacuum as the nation's
decisive force, is obliged to scratch for se-
The April elections in Portugal consti-
tuted a defeat for Communist forces there. Only
13 per cent of the vote went to the Red forces
headed by Alvare Cunhal while Portuguese
Socialists, well paced by Mario Soares, scored
38 per cent, and the Popular Democrats came
off with 26 per cent of the ballots.
THESE MOVES towards the center em-
body hope for Portugal's immediate future.
Forced to fashion new political and economic
structures after 500 years as a colonizing mem-
ber of the familv of nations, Portugal can
easily become a new testing ground for ex- t
treme right and extreme left factions.
n. "" : "'< i ..' '.
'J HE STEEP rise in the rate of-divorces among Americana
and American Jews has become, for the first time, a major
problem even among deeply Orthodox Jews, including mem-
bers of Hasidic sects, according to an official of an Orthodox
rabbinical court (Beth Din) in New York.
Rabbi Nachnm Josephy. executive vice president of the
Rabbinical Alliance of America and secretary of its Beth Din,
reported that during the eight months of the current Jewish
year, there had been a 50 per cent increase in Jewish divorces
(Gitten) granted bv the Beth Din.
RABBI JOSEPHY told the Jewish Telegraphic Agency that
the Rabbinical Alliance Beth Din hnd granted 341 Gitten since
the start of the current Jewish yar last September and that
it was expected an additional 80 Gitten plus would be approved
by the end of the Jewish year next September, for an estimated
total of 420 Jewish divorces.
During the prior Jewish year, he said, the Beth Din had
approved a total of 232 Gitten. He said 22 Gitten had been
handed down during April, the highest monthly total since
he became Beth Din secretary.
HE SAID the majority of the couples coming to the Beth
Din for a Get are between 19 and 28 yean of age and that
many -are clearly not ready for the responsibiBttes of marriage
though all, in accordance with Orthodox family practices, al-
ready have children.
Of Orthodox Jews applying for Gitten. he said, 75 per cent
are from yeshiva and Hasidic backgrounds and-25 per cent of
less Orthodox commitment.
Rabbi Josephy and Rabbi Isaac Liebes, supreme judge of
the Beth Din, placed much of the blame for the surge of
divorces among New York Orthodox and ultra-Orthodox Jews
on the parents.
RABBI JOSEPHY, noting that many marriages in the Ortho-
dox and Hasidic communities are still arranged, said that
parents therefore still exercise substantial control over de-
cisions of their children and could seek to conciliate conflicts
between their married children and spouses but that, in fact,
they generally back their children in such disputes and tend
to worsen the conflict.
He said the squabbles often ar over trivial issues, involv-
ing material -matters. He suggested that even ultra-Orthodox
Jews are accepting the materialistic values of secular America.
HE SAID that among the reasons for the rapid rise in
applications for Jewish divorces might be, in addition to the
failure of parents to act as conciliators in marital squabbles
of their children, the current recession and a change in life-
styles, in which young Orthodox Jewish males are leaving the
family home to Rve by "themselves as singles, something new in
ultra-Orthodox patterns.
When a request for a Get is received by the Beth Din.
the Applicant is asked if he or she has obtained a civil divorce.
An effort is then made to determin** whether the contending
parties would agree to a conciliation effort under Beth Din
auspices. Rabbi Josephy said this usually involves a meeting
of the couple with parents for both sides but that such sessions
usually end up with the parental pairs shouting at each other.
HE DECLARED that the record of growing Jewish family
dissolutions recorded m New York wts important because New
York Jewry is the mirror for the Orthodox world in America.
He said the Beth Din, which was organised in 1968 by
Rabbi Abraham Gross, Rabbinical Alliance president, and Rabbi
Daviti Hollander, then first vice president and later president.
makes every possibl" effort to persuade the contending couples
to wOrk their differences out and avoid a divorce but that even
those who agree to try a reconciliation usually return to the
Beth Din to go ahead with divorce proceedings.
w of American Zwnisto from the Days of Fferri 1 tlic Mont
THAT JEWS have been the objec* af history
cliche j2I>L,he 8ubie of history is a
*raed ^T ^ry *n*r ***** too con-
rabbis a-7p rtyroU*V. "* genealogy of
*d esoteric pieces of synthesis.
^'nuLt enWS throu*"W our history have
ti* *5jTs "*few Jewish communi-
* the ~ll Vven,s <* ** devetopment
*W2? *at affect* W for
^sh'fcs^J*;'0-an4 *****. "
unrecorded into limbo
rfjJiSa *" hav. eh-ged ft*
lWeB"n hTT** wrical developments.
ttamrles of ,k and Ben G"* notable
"** imnJr new tn*. Without deprecat-
,0ri*> takertha"Ce f utW<*Phies, no his-
1 fcuerou,"a? i"UtV 8Uch work ^thout
aose of salt.
e 'eaders of American Zionism from

Gettheil to Abba Hillel Silver have not pre-
served for us ih their own words the Zionist
history m which they were participants. There
are a few exceptions, as for example, Louis
Lipsfcy, Johns Haber. and others, but We
haven't the memoirs of Louis Brandeis. Julian
Mack, Zvi Hirsch Masliansky, Baruch Zucker-
man. Wolf Berlin, Hayim Greenberg and nu-
merous ethers.
ME1.VIN I. UROFSKY, a professor of his-
tory, interviewed many of those yet alive and
pored over documents in archives that have
been accumulated over the years. He attempted
an almost impossible task in writing the history
of "American Zttrtfsm from Herd to the Holo-
caust" (New York. Anchor Press of Doubleday,
23b, 538 pp.).
That there ar> shortcoming* in 'the book
and that some event* should have been
elaborated to a greater extern are the opinion
of this and other reviewers.
We Tegm that th> Bfltmbre Conference
of 1943 and the washout by Proskauer and his
three c -delegates, and the method bf select-
ing and electing the 500 delegates to this con-
ference receives curaorv mention.
IIUIVEVm, TWR8E comments do not de-
tract from the importance of the book and the
author's success in achieving so much in one
Urofsky has outlined American Jewish
history and the role of Zionism in it without
having either appear as if in a vacuum.

Page 12
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