The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County

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Material Information

Title:
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County the voice of the Jewish community of Palm Beach County
Uniform Title:
Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1985)
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
Fred K. Shochet
Place of Publication:
West Palm Beach, Fla

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Palm Beach

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 11, no. 27 (Sept. 13, 1985)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statements conflict: Feb. 20, 1987 called no. 4 in masthead and no. 8 in publisher's statement; Mar. 31, 1989 called no. 12 in masthead and no. 13 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
"Combining Our voice and Federation reporter."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44605643
lccn - sn 00229551
ocm44605643
System ID:
AA00014309:00183

Related Items

Related Items:
Jewish Floridian
Preceded by:
Jewish Floridian (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1982)


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Full Text
THE VOICE OF
THE JEWISH
COMMUNITY OF
PALM BEACH
COUNTY
"Jewish floridian
^ W OF PALM BEACH COUNTY
Volume 16 Number 12
PALM BEACH, FLORIDA FRIDAY, JUNE 15, 1990
fn4UH
Price 40 Cents
Israeli
Security
Probed
Gen. Dan Shomron
By HUGH OBGEL
TEL AVIV (JTA) The
Israel Defense Force's official
post-mortem examination into
last week's thwarted seaborne
attack on Israel's beaches has
already drawn lessons to be
learned from lapses and errors
in the army's handling of the
attack, Israeli papers report.
Continued on Page 2
I
Shamir Names Deputies
As Government Nears
JERUSALEM (JTA) Prime Minister-designate Yitz-
hak Shamir won unanimous approval for his new right-
wing government from the Likud Central Committee and
expressed confidence it would serve out a full term, despite
its narrow base.
But the coalition the Likud leader has put together with
the Orthodox and right-wing parties could founder in the
Knesset.
Shamir read out a list of Likud ministers identical to
those serving in the present transitional government.
He did not specify their portfolios. But David Levy may
be given the rank of vice premier and foreign minister.
Moshe Nissim's name was third on the list, indicating
most likely that he will hold the rank of deputy prime
minister.
Moshe Arens, foreign minister in the transitional regime,
is likely to be named defense minister in the new
government.
Ariel Sharon is expected to be appointed minister of
construction and housing. Yitzhak Moda'i will be the new
finance minister, the portfolio held in the unity government
by Labor Party leader Shimon Peres.
But Shamir, who officially informed President Chaim
Herzog late Friday afternoon that he had succeeded in
forming a government, faces residual disaffection within
Likud that could lose him his two-vote edge in the
120-member parliament.
Shas Minister Accused
Of Bribery, Corruption
JERUSALEM (JTA) A
recently rising star in the
Israeli political firmament may
have been shot down by
charges of corruption pub-
lished in the mass-circulation
Yediot Achronot, Israel's larg-
est newspaper.
Interior Minister Arye Deri
of the ultra-Orthodox Shas
party has hired a top lawyer,
former Jerusalem District
Attorney Michael Kirsch, and
announced he would sue the
tabloid for libel.
But Yediot editor Moshe
Vardi said the newspaper
stood by its allegations of bri-
bery, corruption and misuse of
ministerial funds.
While Deri has supporters,
at least one Knesset member,
Ran Cohen of the Citizens
In Public Schools
Rights Movement, demanded
that he appear before the legis-
Continued on Page 3
Religious Clubs Okay
WASHINGTON (JTA) -
Jewish groups are distressed
at the Supreme Court's deci-
sion to uphold a law requiring
public high schools to give reli-
gious clubs the same access to
school facilities as other "non-
curriculiim-related" groups.
In an 8-1 ruling, the court
said an Omaha, Neb., high
school had to allow a Bible-
study group to meet after
hours on school property.
Also, the court rejected a
petition from Jewish and other
religious groups to reconsider
its April 17 decision allowing
Oregon to prosecute two mem-
bers of an Indian church who
use peyote in religious rituals.
Continued on Page 2
BUSH
GORBACHEV
In Spite Of Threats
Exodus
Continues
By SPECIAL REPORT
Moscow Emigration of
Soviet Jews, Exodus II, con-
tinued unabated this week as
the Supreme Soviet Congress
delayed a decision on whether
to implement an implied threat
by President Mikhail S. Gorba-
chev.
The USSR parliament put
off, probably until September,
the codifation of an emigration
law required before President
George Bush will recommend
to the Senate that it grant
Most Favored Nation trading
status to the Soviet Union.
Gorbachev, citing tremen-
dous Arab pressure, shocked
Bush at the final press confer-
ence of the Washington Sum-
mit by saying he would have to
reconsider the granting of exit
visas to Soviet Jews unless
Israel guaranteed they would
not be resettled in the territor-
ies.
Moscow considers the
annexed portions of East Jeru-
salem as part of the territor-
ies. Israel says that well under
one percent of the Jews arriv-
ing in the Soviet Union move
to the territories, but neutral
sources say the figure climbs
to 10 percent if Jerusalem
annexations are included.
Some Israeli sources say
emigration may mount to near
20,000 this month if all the
European nations promising
to assist in Exodus II move
forward with their plans for
additional escape routes.
In Washington meantime, a
coalition of Democrats and
Republicans said the Congress
would not waive the Jackson-
Vanik Amendment to trade
with the Soviet unless Gorba-
chev also substantially
changed his stance on Lithua-
nia and other Baltic countries
seeking independence.
U.S. Answer
Ambivalent
WASHINGTON (JTA) -
The White House declined to
reveal what the Bush adminis-
tration would do if Soviet
President Mikhail Gorbachev
carried out his threat to sus-
pend Jewish emigration, but
Coatinaed on Pago I
ALLEGED ATROCITIES MANILA Palestinian students in the Philippines burn a Star of
David on the pavement fronting the Israeli embassy at the country s financial district ofMakati
during a demonstration to protest Israel's quelling of protest actions by Palestinians in West
Bank and Gaza Strip due to the killing of seven laborers by an Israeli gunman in Tel Aviv last
May 20. Palestinians also denounced the U.S. for its alleged unlimited support for Israel.
AP/Wide World Photo.
MONTREAL An international panel
concludes there is "incontrovertible evi-
dence" that Raoul Wallenberg did not die
in 1947, as the Soviets maintain.
TEL AVIV A Tel Aviv University
educator, who has published first teacher's
guide to sex discrimination in Israel, says
that Israel is 10 years behind the rest of
the world in awareness of sex discrimina-
tion.
VIENNA Although relations with Israel
have long been problematic for the United
Nations Relief and Works Agency for
Palestinian Refugees, widely known by the
acronym UNRWA, they have deteriorated
systematically since the intifada began 29
months ago and have now reached a nadir.
BRUSSELS The European Community
condemns the attempted terrorist attacks
on crowded Israeli beaches May 30 and at
the same time calls for U.N. intervention
in the Israeli-administered territories.
THIRD CLASS
BULK RATE
U.S. POSTAGE
PAID
BOCA RATON. FLORIOA
PERMIT NO. 1093


Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, June 15, 1990
.

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. 11 4-v4-r% O
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BONN (JTA) A 20-year covert relationship between
the Palestine Liberation Organization and the Stasi, the
East German security police under the old Communist
regime, was even stronger than previously believed,
according to a former high- ranking Stasi official, quoted in
Die Welt. According to the unnamed official, the PLO
turned frequently to the Stasi for training and assistance in
operations against Israel, and the operations were often
coordinated with Stasi's Soviet counterpart, the KGB.
BONN (JTA) The Bundestag decided to tighten laws
and regulations restricting the export of armaments,
substances or systems used to manufacture chemical or
biological weapons. The move, announced by Economics
Minister Helmut Haussmann, is the first concrete response
by the West German parliament to the complicity of West
German firms in the construction of poison gas factories in
Libya.
WARSAW (JTA) An international council will hold its
first meeting this month to chart the future of the
Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum at the site of the death camp,
which more than any other has become a universal symbol
of the Holocaust.
BONN (JTA) A group of prominent Germans, inclu-
ding scholars and industrialists, have proposed erecting the
first monument in Germany to the memory of Jews who
perished in the Holocaust. It would be located in the rebuilt
heart of a united Berlin, on the site of the chancery from
which Hitler ruled the Third Reich.
WASHINGTON (JTA) Nine Soviet Jewry activists
failed to convince the regional manager of the Soviet
national airline Aeroflot to begin direct flights to Israel.
Rabbi Avraham Weiss, who led the group, even tried to lay
down cash for a ticket to Israel, but was politely told he
could not do so.
TEL AVIV Rumors of an oil strike at an off-shore rig
near Ashdod send shares on the Tel Aviv stock exchange
rising, precipitating a halt in trading.
SYDNEY, Australia The governor general's decision
to meet with the Palestine Liberation Organization repre-
sentative here sparks protest from Jewish leaders and
opposition members of Parliament.
Israel Security Probed
Continued from Page 1
But few if any details of the
inquiry's findings will be publi-
shed for security reasons.
The IDF Chief of Staff, Gen.
Dan Shomron, and the heads
of the intelligence and naval
branches of the military
briefed the Cabinet on the IDF
general staffs inquiry.
The Cabinet noted in its offi-
cial communique that "the
IDF, the Israeli police and
other security forces saved
thousands of lives from tra-
gedy. "Protecting the coast is
not an easy task. Therefore,
there is room to be proud of
the security forces opera-
tion."
The IDF nevertheless con-
cedes that luck played a large
hand in foiling the attack May
30, the Shavuot holiday, when
thousands of Israelis dotted
the beaches, enjoying the
warm, pleasant weather.
The only blood that was shed
in the aborted attack belonged
to the attackers, four of whom
were killed and 12 captured by
security forces before they
could inflict any casualties or
damage.
But some ministers were
highly critical of the IDF's
decision not to evacuate the
beaches immediately upon
learning of the impending
assault by terrorists belonging
to the Palestine Liberation
Front, led by Mohammed
(Abul) Abbas.
Several ministers, admitting
they are not military experts,
said they nonetheless failed to
understand why bathers were
allowed to remain after the
first reports were received of
terrorist activity.
"Jewish floridian
oi Pah* oti County
Combining "Our Voto" and "Fadarallon Raportar"
CFr. "
FRED K SMOCHET
j Editor and Pubilahar
I
I
JOAIJTEQIA8
Advancing Director
Mam Office a Plant: 1 M.E. 6ttl St.. Miami. FL SS1M. Phona: 1-3714606
POSTMASTER: Sand addres* changes to Tha Jewish Floridian.
P.O. Sox 01 2073, Miami, Fla. 33101
Jawton Ftortolan doaa not guarantee Kaahruth of MarchandHa Advartlaad.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES: Local Area 64 Annual (2-Yaar Minimum 67.80)
Friday, June 15,1990
Volume 16
22 SIVAN 5750
Number 12
Court Okays Religious Clubs
Continued from Page 1
Jewish groups had expre-
ssed concern about the ruling,
fearing it could be used as a
precedent to prosecute Jews
for various ritual practices
that might be banned by local
laws. An example would be
drinking of Kiddush wine by
minors not old enough to con-
sume alcohol legally.
In light of the court's refusal
to rehear the case, Jewish
groups such as Agudath Israel
of America and the Anti-
Defamation League of B nai
B'rith will now examine vari-
ous state laws to see if they
can be strengthened to protect
religious practices. ^^^^^
Mark Stern, legal director of
the American Jewish Con
gress, said both court decision,
threaten religious liberty
although he would not sy
whether the greater threat
government interference in
religious practice or govern-
ment "allowing itself to aid
religion."
aid
White Supremacists
Targeted Seattle Temple
SEATTLE (JTA) Three
members of the white supre-
macist group Aryan Nations,
who were arrested and
indicted this month by a fed-
eral grand jury on charges of
conspiring to bomb a gay disco
here, had also targeted for
bombing a Seattle synagogue.
An FBI affidavit filed in
Seattle reported that in a May
6 conversation intercepted and
recorded by the FBI, Robert
Winslow, 29, of Laclede,
Idaho, stated that he and Ste-
phen Nelson, 35, of Hayden
Lake, Idaho, "wanted to blow
up a Jewish synagogue in Seat-
tle." No specific synagogue
was named in the FBI affi-
davit.
Israel Minister Hammer
Urges Husseini Arrest
JERUSALEM (INB) -
Israel's Minister of Religious
Affairs has urged the arrest of
Arab militant Faisal Husseini
for lobbying against Soviet
Jewish immigration to Israel.
Minister Zevulun Hammer,
who is one of the leaders of the
National Religious Party, cal-
led for Husseini's arrest after
Husseini traveled to the Soviet
Union last month and urged
the Soviet authorities to pre-
vent Jews from emigrating.
SUZANNE SHOCHET
Exacutlva Editor
USY Helps Youth Understand Soviets
NEW YORK (JTA) In order to encourage students to
discover and learn about their Soviet peers, the 1990-91
Nativ program, United Synagogue of America's one-year
study program, has added a new element to the already
existing 10-year-old program whereby students will meet
with recent Soviet emigres to discuss common goals and
interests.
Charles Goodman to Head CJF
NEW YORK (JTA) Charles Goodman has been
nominated to be the next president of the Council of Jewish
Federations.
Give The Gift of Trees
Through the Jewish National Fund
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or write: 7771 W. Oakland Part Blvd., Suite 217, Ft Laudtrdaie. Ft 33351
'Torn Apart'
Invokes Tears
NEW YORK (JTA)-A film
about the love between an
Israeli and an Arab is leaving
audiences here teary-eyed and
those involved in its produc-
tion hopeful that love can con-
quer fear and distrust. Based
on the novel, "A Forbidden
Love," by Israeli writer
Chayym Zeldis, "Torn Apart"
tells the story about a love
affair between Ben, an Israeli
i soldier, played by Adrian Pas-
dar, and Laila, an Arab
woman, played by Celia Peck.
Message of the film is that
there is a need for peace
there," Peck said. "And that
love can triumph over bitter-
ness and prejudice."
< Brothers Danny and Jack
Fisher, producer and director
of "Torn Apart," thought of
making the film after they
were contacted by Zeldis. He
had heard about their earlier
documentary film, "A Genera-
tion Apart, about Holocaust
survivors and their families.
Not since the birth of Israel has
something so tiny made it so big.
4
Is Tetley s tiny little tea leaves They've been making tt big m
Jewish homes tor years Because, just as tiny lamb chops and
nv peas are the most flavorful. Jhe same thing is true for tea
leaves bo. for supenontea and qualitea, there's only one
guarantea Tetley tea


Friday, June 15, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 3
Minister
Accused
Continued front Page 1
lature to give his account of
the matter.
"With such serious allega-
tions, a police investigation is
not enough," Cohen main-
tained.
The allegations include
offering the Jerusalem Religi-
ous Council $1 million to
appoint Deri's brother Yehuda
rabbi of the Ramot neighbor-
hood of Jerusalem, and a son
of former Sephardic Chief
Rabbi Ovadia Yosef rabbi of
the Har Nof neighborhood.
Yosef is the spiritual mentor
of Shas and supported Deri's
swift rise in the party.
Deri is also alleged to have
offered ministerial funds to
the town of Or Akiva, with
which Miami is "twinned" in
Operation Renewal, if it would
waive part of the $500,000 tax
owed by carpet manufacturer
Avraham Shapiro.
Oswego Looking
For Refugees
NEW YORK (JTA) The
city of Oswego is requesting
memorabilia, artifacts and
remembrances from former
internees at the wartime refu-
gee camp in Fort Ontario in
Oswego, N.Y.
The city in upstate New
York is compiling a "living
monument" to the 982 refu-
gees 872 of them Jewish
who lived there for a year-and-
a- half in 1944. It will be called
the Safe Haven Museum.
Located on land near Fort
Ontario, in a building close to
the former U.S. Army bar-
racks where the refugees were
housed, the museum will fea-
ture artifacts, photographs of
the camp and its residents, a
theater showing actual film
footage of the period and video
and audio tapes of recollec-
tions.
The museum will also have
an exhibit on the historical
perspective of the Holocaust,
and a library to enable stu-
dents to research the history
of the camp, which was the
only American haven for refu-
gees during the war^
Exodus Continues
Continued from Page 1
American Jewish leaders did
not hesitate to voice their
concern over the Soviet
leader's unprecedented
announcement.
"It is not an issue at this
time," White House spokes-
man Marlin Fitzwater said.
"But certainly the President
will have to review the mat-
ter" if exit permits are halted.
Fitzwater said that Bush had
made clear in signing a trade
agreement with Gorbachev
that he would not send the
agreement to Congress for
ratification until the Supreme
Soviet adopted new legislation
codifying the Soviet s more
liberal emigration policies.
At the State Department,
spokeswoman Margaret
Tutwiler said there was "noth-
ing said in private conversa-
tions" during the summit that
"indicated in any way that the
Shamir
Defiant
JERUSALEM (JTA) -
Prime Minister Yitzhak Sha-
mir responded defiantly to
Soviet President Mikhail Gor-
bachev's threat to cut off Jew-
Soviets would not live up to
their commitment" to allow
Jews to emigrate.
After Gorbachev made his
surprise threat, Secretary of
State James Baker said, "We
unconditionally support the
concept of Soviet Jewish emi-
gration."
In New York, Natan Shar-
ansky held a special news con-
ference to express his outrage
over the Soviet leaders
remark. He was in New York
for two days to raise funds for
Soviet Jewish resettlement in
Israel.
ish emigration from the Soviet
Union unless Israel guarantees
the immigrants will not be
settled in the West Bank or
Gaza Strip.
Speaking in Tel Aviv to the
Israel Association of Industri-
alists, Shamir said Israel
would not agree to the crea-
tion "of ghettos or pales of
settlement, either for ohm or
for old-timers." By "pales of
settlement," he meant the
areas of Czarist Russia to
which Jews were once
restricted.
Shamir observed that the
Soviet Union itself no longer
"tells people where they may
or may not live," and he said
that Israel, as a democratic
and free society, would cer-
tainly not "impose restrictions
upon any category of resi-
dent."
But Simcha Dinitz, chairman
of the Jewish Agency Execu-
tive, urged the Israeli govern-
ment to "set aside all other
considerations, including ideo-
logical considerations" in the
interest of getting "as many
Jews as possible out of the
Soviet Union "in the shortest
possible time."
Dinitz, whose agency assists
the government in bringing
immigrants to Israel, pointed
out that "regrettably, the key
to Soviet aliyah is not in Sha-
mir's hands, but in Gorba-
chev's."
Kibbutz Youth:'No" To Drugs
BEERSHEBA (JTA) A
report on substance abuse at
kibbutzim in the Negev indi-
cates some use of illicit "soft"
drugs as often as once a
month, and that two percent of
youths who were "going
steady" were more likely to
use r'soft" drugs, which
include marijuana and hashish.
But the overall results of the
study, which was made in the
past five months, are optimis-
tic. It found that over 74 per-
cent of young people on Negev
kibbutzim reported never hav-
ing used illegal drugs.
The study was conducted at
Ben-Gurion University of the
Negev by Dr. Richard Isralow-
itz, a New Jersey native who
heads the university's Hubert
Humphrey Institute for Social
Ecology.
Czechs, Hadassah May Work Together
JERUSALEM (JTA) An economic adviser to Czechos-
lovakia's president Vaclav Havel has initiated a proposal
with the Hadassah Medical Organization for cooperation
between Hadassah and the Czechoslovak government on
research in the field of prenatal and neonatal diagnosis of
genetic disorders.
Dr. Richard Wagner, Havel's adviser, discussed the
proposal with Professor Shmuel Penchas, director general
of Hadassah, the day before Havel arrived in Israel in late
April.
Havel himself was slated to visit the hospital and medical
center but was unable to fit it into his three-day schedule.
2 Danish Anti-Semites Arrested
COPENHAGEN (JTA) Two 20-year-olds admitted
spray-painting anti-Semitic slogans and a swastika on the
door of the building where the chief rabbi of Denmark lives.
The pair was arrested on the way from Rabbi Bent
Melchior's building to Kristal Street, where the main
synagogue is located, with spray cans of black paint in their
possession.
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Bagels and Lox and
Maxwell HouseCofFee.
It couldn't be
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Sunday
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At last theres time for a leisurely breakfast,
unhurried conversation and the chance
to enjoy a second (or even a third) cup of
rich, delicious Maxwell House* Coffee. It
couldn^ be anything but Sunday morning.
("V CERTIFIED KOSHER OMtoMfuMtamM
Maxwell House* Coffee. Always... Good to the Last Drop!


Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, June 15, 1990
Viewpoint
Supreme Court
Decisions Worrisome
It may be too early to evaluate a pair of
Supreme Court decisions this week which
affect the separation of church and state in
the USA.
An 8-1 decision granting religious clubs
the same right to use public school facilities
as other extra-curricula organizations could
be the opening wedge towards allowing
public prayer back in, but there's little in
the stated opinions of the justices to sup-
port that premise.
And a verdict that Oregon can prosecute
American Indians for using what they
consider religious objects in their religious
practices doesn't seem to realistically
threaten such practices as the drinking of
ceremonial wine in Jewish ceremonies.
Certainly, though, Jewry must carefully
monitor the evolvement of state reactions
to the two decisions. Indications are that
many non-fundamentalist Christian groups
will join Jewish organizations in not merely
protesting the decisions, but in guarding
against too broad an interpretation of
them.
Arafat's Inaction Speaks Loudly
The abortive Palestinian terrorist attack
on the beaches near Tel Aviv has succeeded
in dramatically shifting world opinion on
the Israeli-Arab conflict.
PLO Chairman Yasir Arafat's failure to
condemn the onslaught against Israeli civil-
ians by a major division of the Palestine
Liberation Organization shook Arafat's
claim that he has renounced terrorism and
only seeks peace.
Coming shortly after the solitary action
by a deranged Israeli in gunning down
Arab laborers, the attempted assault
mounted from Libya strengthened Israeli's
hesitancy in ever talking to the PLO.
While the United States may not now
terminate dialogue with the PLO, it can
more strongly reject Arab attempts to
secure American pressure against Israel in
setting ground rules for furthering the
peace process.
Bush, Gorbachev Gain Delay
The Supreme Soviet Congress may well
have taken both Presidents Bush and Gor-
bachev off the hook in its postponement in
considering a USSR emigration law which
has been demanded by the United States.
Bush took a gamble in saying he would
recommend waiving Jackson-Vanik even
though the Soviets failed to yield on their
crackdown on Lithuania. And Gorbachev
took an even greater chance when he
threatened to slow down, or even halt, the
outflow of the Jews if Israel doesn't pledge
not to settle any in the territories.
But with a delay until September, Gorba-
chev will have more time to settle relations
with the rebellious Baltic republics, and
Israel will have more months to demon-
strate that it is not encouraging settlement
in the West Bank or Gaza.
Both Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir and
Jewish Agency head Simcha Dinitz have
valid points in their response to the Soviet
demands on limiting the settlement of olim.
Rather than emphasizing their ideological
differences, both men should point out to
the world how few Soviet Jews are opting
for the territories.
An even stronger obligation for both
world Jewry and the State of Israel is to
maintain the rights of Jews to settle any-
where in their own capital of Jerusalem. On
j that point, there can be no compromise.
LURIE'S
VV22>RL-D
' --b
Vatican Council II -
25 Years Later
NEW YORK (JTA) In the
coming weeks and months, a
spate of conferences and insti-
tutes will be held in many
parts of the United States,
Europe, Latin America and
Israel to mark the 25th anni-
versary of the adoption of
Nostra Aetate, the Vatican
Declaration dealing with
Catholic-Jewish relations.
That historic declaration,
adopted overwhelmingly on
Oct. 28, 1965, by 2,500
Catholic leaders from through-
out the world at Vatican Coun-
cil II, transformed Catholic-
Jewish relations.
Cynics and extremists who
oppose involvement in
Catholic- Jewish relations
point only to current problems
and avoid or deny the progress
that has been made. Despite
its limitations, Nostra Aetate
has resulted in major changes
in Catholic attitudes towards
Jews and Judaism, and even
toward Israel.
In contrast to the Baltimore
Catechism of 1937, which was
virtually a manual in teaching
anti-Semitism, the majority of
Catholic textbooks used in par-
ochial schools today are free of
any anti-Jewish references.
Similar improvements have
taken place in Catholic liturgy,
sermons, mass media, Catholic
teaching in seminaries, col-
leges and universities. Don't
take my word for it; the evi-
dence is available for any fair-
minded person to see and
judge.
Critics will resist believing
this, but we have also seen the
beginning of meaningful
changes in Vatica'n and
Catholic attitudes toward
Israel and Jerusalem.
At a conference in which I
took part four years ago
between the Vatican and
International Jewish delega-
tions, the Vatican's officials
wrote into our joint communi-
que, "There exist no theologi-
cal objections to the existence
of the sovereign state of
Israel; only unresolved politi-
cal problems stand in the way
of full normalization of diplo-
matic relations between the
Holy See and Israel."
Earlier this year, the Ameri-
can Catholic hierarchy adopted
a statement on the Middle
East in which they did not
question the right to Israel's
sovereignty over a unified Jer-
usalem, but focused their conc-
erns on assurance to free
access to all holy places.
When I was in Rome as a
delegate observer to Vatican
Council II, there was a "con-
spiracy." It was a powerful
conspiracy between a number
of ultra-conservative Catholic
bishops several of them
explicitly anti-Semitic who
joined forces with Arab pre-
lates and Egypt's President
Gamal Abdel Nasser, who
tried to defeat Nostra Aetate.
They believed that any Vati-
can declaration that conde-
mned anti-Semitism and said
positive things about Jews and
Judaism would be either a
reversal of Catholic theology
or a political victory for Israel
A monumental struggle was
carried out by friendly
Catholic cardinals and their
Jewish allies, and the pro-
Jewish forces finally prevailed.
The late Cardinal Augustin
Bea, Vatican Secretariat presi
dent, Cardinal Lawrence She-
han of Baltimore, the entire
American Catholic hierarchy
and numerous European and
Latin American bishops were
the moral heroes in that just
cause.
This 26th anniversary year
is an important time to take
stock of the progress made and
the major work still to be done.
Above all, it is a time to
acknowledge that without the
commitment, dedication and
very" trying work of both
Catholic and Jewish leaders m
Rome from 1962 to 1965, there
would have been ho Nostra
Aetate, and probably very lit
tie to celebrate in Catholic-
Jewish relations today and
tomorrow.
Rabbx Marc H. Tanenbaum u it*r-
national relations consultant to tu
American Jewish Comrnittst.
Sephardim Will Receive
Major Spanish Award
By DAVID KANTOR
MADRID (JTA) Spain is
awarding one of its most pres-
tigious prizes, the Prince of
Asturias Prise, to world
Sephardic Jewry, the descend-
ants of the Jews expelled from
Spain 500 years ago.
The award was announced
by the Principality of Asturias
Foundation in the northwest
city of Oviedo, near the Bay of
Biscay.
Presentation is made there
annually by the Prince of
Astunas, the son of King Juan
Carlos and Queen Sophia, who
is accompanied by his parents
on the occasion.
According to the foundation,
which was established in
Oviedo in 1980, the prire is
panted for solidarity, and can
be awarded to an individual
group or institution in anv
country of the world.
While it recogniies efforts to
transcend national boundaries
5 a 'ntere8ts of the brother-
hood of man, it is also awarded
for struggles against poverty,
sickness or ignorance, and to
onrinV'ndUalK f J^PS Which
open new boundaries of know-
ledge.
Derision to award the pri
to Sephardic Jewry, whose
expulsion from Spain will oe
commemorated in a series or
national events in 1992, was
seen as an effort renew uw
Spanish dialogue with the Jew-
ish people and improve rela-
tions with Israel.
Prise consists of a document,
a distinctive symbol in tw
form of a sculpture by Jow
Miro, and 5 million peseta
the equivalent of neanj
$50,000.


Friday, June 16, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 5
Conservative Movement Experiencing An Identity Crisis
By ELENA NEUMAN
I NEW YORK (JTA) Co'n-
trvative Judaism has been
llled a movement of both
edition and change, a mid-
Dint between Orthodoxy and
sform Judaism, and an exam-
of unity that allows for
Jversity.
But as the Conservative
Movement has strived to be all
Sese things simultaneously, it
left many confused about
it the movement stands for
id where it is headed.
In fact, the very identity and
iture of Conservative
Judaism was at the core of
|iscussions during a meeting
the Rabbinical Assembly,
jnservative Judaism's 1,300-
dember central body of rabbis.
"On this 90th year of the
ibbinical Assembly, we are
truggling with the forces of
[issension, doubt and dismay,
ritical observers have opined
lat our movement is in disar-
iy," Rabbi Irwin Groner, the
^ewly elected president of the
ssembly, said.
"We are challenged by an
ssertive and triumphalist
)rthodoxy on our right and by
vigorous, growing Reform
lovement on our left," he
id. "We are dissatisfied with
state of our movement, we
fall short in our own eyes, we
ire pessimistic about our
iture."
Groner attributed this per-
peived malaise to the centrist
position of the movement.
Stressing the importance of
tialachah and tradition, while
lso affirming the value of
idaptations to modernity,
Conservative Judaism has
often defined itself by what it
is not.
As Rabbi David Nelson of
Temple Beth Shalom in Oak
[Park, Mich., put it: "There is a
Knowledge of who we
lare: We're not Reform or
[Orthodox; we buffet some-
Iwhere in between."
Conservative rabbis point to
the movement's membership
jf over 1.5 million congrega-
tional members making it
[possibly the largest branch of
Judaism in the United States
land Canada as testament to
[the success of Conservative
[Judaism's centrist position.
"Our strength is that we can
[serve a whole range of
I thought, which is where people
[are at," said Nelson.
But many Conservative rab-
I bis today feel that such diver-
sity of thought and halachic
observance has been a mixed
| blessing, leaving congregants
confused as to where the
[movement stands on ideologi-
I cal and spiritual issues.
"If you don't adapt, you ulti-
[ mately dry up. But if you fall
[for every fad, you stand for
nothing," observed Rabbi
Arnold Goodman, a past presi-
dent of the Rabbinical Assem-
bly and religious leader of Aha-
vath Achim Congregation in
Atlanta.
Rabbi Neil Gilman, associate
professor of philosophy at the
Jewish Theological Seminary
of America criticized the
movement in general, and JTS
in particular, for its emphasis
on thought and scholarship, at
the expense of spirituality and
theology.
JTS was founded by men
dedicated to "wissenschaft,"
or a scholarly approach to
Judaism, he said. Judaism, the
founders felt, could be studied
in the same way as any other
culture or body of literature.
This, said Gilman, "was
nothing less than their ticket
of admission into the Emanci-
pation, into modernity and
into the intellectual commun-
ity of the West."
But the movement paid a
price for this achievement.
According to Gilman, JTS
has trained generations of
Conservative rabbis to be aca-
demicians scholars
untrained to fulfil their role as
spiritual leaders and therefore
unable to transmit that spiri-
tuality to their congregants.
With this in mind, the semin-
ary has unveiled a new aca-
demic curriculum to emphasize
the spiritual aspects of
Judaism. The rabbinical
seminar, for example, will
have students listening to each
other's personal position
papers and diary entries on
deep religious and philosophi-
cal questions, instead of
research papers.
There will be no grades, but
rather evaluations signed by
both student and teacher.
"Our people complain that
we don't speak enough about
our feelings about God. And
that's a valid criticism. We've
neglected the subject, because
these are areas where every-
one is unsure. It's hard to talk
about," said Nelson, the rabbi
from Michigan.
"A lot has to do with what
you come to the seminary
with," said Rabbi Goodman of
Atlanta. "My generation came
from yeshivot. Later genera-
tions have come out of the
movement itself."
The problem that arose with
being a product of the Conser-
vative movement, Goodman
explained, is that the move-
ment has never defined
exactly what it stands for.
Conservative Judaism
evolved in the latter half* of the
19th century as a form of
halachic or traditional
Judaism, closely related to
Orthodoxy, but that allowed
some modem innovations.
These innovations included
the introduction of organ and
family pews, the omission of a
few portions of the liturgy and
the interpolation of English
prayers. Halachically pre-
scribed traditions, like kashrut
or traveling on the Sabbath
originally were not altered.
Now Conservative Jews may
drive to shul for Saturday ser-
vices; most Conservative syna-
gogues allow men and women
to sit together; and women
have become Conservative
rabbis and cantors.
The movement was per-
ceived as becoming so reform-
ist, that a traditionalist faction
was formed in 1983.
"When a person joins a Con-
servative synagogue, he
doesn't know what to expect
anymore," acknowledged
Rabbi Joel Rembaum of Los
Angeles.
Two years ago#, in an
attempt to establish* a formal
ideological focus for the move-
ment, a committee of Conser-
vative rabbis and lay people
compiled "Emet Ve-
Emunah," (Truth and Faith),
the first collective statement
of principles of Conservative
Judaism.
But in fact, "Emet Ve-
Emunah" is more a compen-
dium of the various positions
taken in Conservative Judaism
on such issues as God, revela-
tion, halachah and evil.
But if the Conservative
movement has failed so far to
define itself successfully, it
nevertheless remains one of
American Judaism's.most pop-
ular and populous movements.
As Rabbi Goodman of
Atlanta put it, "We're not as
successful as we'd like to be,
but we're not the failure that
everyone thinks we are
either."
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Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, June 15, 1990
Zefat Center For Both Artists And Religious
By ELLEN ANN STEIN
.lewixh Floridian Stuff Writer
ZEFAT Centuries after
the great kabalists studied the
secrets of the Torah in this city
of mountainous charm, tour-
ists still come here to take in
its breathtaking beauty and
mingle with the artists who
have made Zefat Israel's most
famous artist's colony.
Narrow cobblestone streets,
connected in some spots by
hundreds of quaint, steep
stone steps, are the home of
many art galleries and it's not
surprising to see many of the
artists at an easeTor intensely
working their craft.
Gentrification in Zefat (Sfad) is prominent but
occurring in such a way as not to disturb the
ancient structures, many of which were damaged
during the big 1837 earthquake.
will pen an entire writing such
as the Song of Songs or the
J*ook of Ruth with the tiniest
of letters in the form of a
design such as a flower or
human figure. The originals
are obviously expensive, but
less costly prints are available.
Gentrification in Zefat (Sfad)
is prominent but occurring in
such a way as not to disturb
the ancient structures, many
Zefat was the home of Rabbi
Shimon Bar Yochai, who is
credited with having accepted
the Zohar, the most important
book of Jewish mysticism.
Not far from Zefat is Mt.
Meron, which at some 3,100
feet, was Israel's highest
mountain until additional land
was acquired in the 1967 War.
Within a half hour driving
distance from Zefat is Rosh
Zefat is home to Israel's largest and best-known artists' colony.
The beauty and flavor of a
Parisian quarter is mixed with
the upbeat flavor of Greenwich
Village. Situated on the top of
a mountain with views below
of dotted towns and hearty
green valleys and more moun-
tains in the backdrop, it is no
wonder that the picture-
postcard view is often being
painted on a live canvas as you
stroll the streets.
While the quality of the art
demands high prices and often
attracts serious buyers, it is
also possible to obtain reasona-
bly-priced jewelry and Judaica
items such as menorahs and
shofars.
A popular form of artwork
found in Zefat is known as
micrography where the artist
of which were damaged during
the big 1837 earthquake.
Zefat, Hebron, Jerusalem
and Tiberias, representing the
elements of earth, fire, water
and air, are known as Israel's
four holy cities.
Thus, Zefat attracts not only
artists but several yeshivas
and learning institutes. Cen-
turies-old synagogues have
been restored and carry the
names of the famous rabbis
and scholars who once lived in
Zefat around the 16th century.
Pinna, the first successful Jew-
ish settlement in the Galilee in
recent times.
Religious pilgrims also stop
by the nearby tombs of Rabbi
Akiva, Rabbi Meir Ba'al
Haness and Maimonides (the
Rambam).
While in the Upper Galilee,
tourists who enjoy nature and
the wilderness can join natives
at one of four nature reserves
or try their hand at fishing,
kayaking, rafting, tubing, bir-
dwatching, skiing oi camping.
El Al Cargo
Flies For Stars
NEW YORK Paul
McCartney, Madonna and
Billy Joel have one thing in
common their pianos, gui-
tars, drums and saxophones
fly on El Al Israel Airlines'
dedicated cargo fleet.
On June 26, Madonna's
stage and sound equipment
will take to the skies from
John F. Kennedy International
Airport, New York to Amster-
dam, so that "the material
girl" can continue her "Blonde
Ambition" tour in Europe.
Then on July 1, Paul
McCartney's "rock 'n roH"
gear returns to New York
from London via El Al's air-
freight service. Recently, Billy
Joel's famous piano, as well as
his other musical instruments
and stage equipment, flew
from New York to Cologne,
Germany, for his "Storm
Front" concert.
Far-Right German Chairman Resigns
BONN (JTA) Surprise resignation of Franz Schoenhu-
ber as chairman of the Republican Party signifies a
deepening crisis in the extreme right-wing party of
German politics. But the Jewish community warned never-
theless that Schoenhuber and the leadership that succeeds
him still represent a danger to the democratic system in
this country.
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Friday, June 15, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 7
Jack And Pearl Resnick Honored By
Albert Einstein College Of Medicine
^
,\
t
ek and Pearl Reanick
ffiONX, N.Y. The cam-
i of the Albert Einstein Col-
je of Medicine of Yeshiva
dversity has been named in
(nor of philanthropists Jack
Pearl Resnick, in recogni-
bn of their service, leadership
1 contributions to the medi-
school over a period of
[>re than three decades.
Phe announcement was
ie by Dr. Norman Lamm,
sident of Yeshiva Univer-
y, at Einstein's 32nd annual
[mmencement, held at its
ronx campus. It was also

announced that Mr. and Mrs.
Resnick have made a new gift
of $5 million to Einstein,
bringing their total contribu-
tions to the medical school to
$8.5 million.
The campus, located on a
23-acre site at Morris Park
Avenue and Eastchester Road
in the northeast Bronx,
includes nine major buildings
with almost two million square
feet of teaching, research and
hospital space.
"We are profoundly grateful
to Mr. and Mrs. Resnick, and
to the entire Resnick family,
for the unique role they have
played in the development of
the Albert Einstein College of
Medicine as one of the world's
pre-eminent institutions for
medical education and
research," Dr. Lamm said.
Dr. Dominick P. Purpura,
dean of the medical school,
added: "Mr. and Mrs. Resnick
have demonstrated the great
good that can be fostered by
unselfish acts of generosity.
Their dedication to the institu-
tion and to its mission of
improving the human condi-
tion has been an inspiration to
Einstein faculty, administra-
tion and students. We thank
them from the bottom of our
hearts."
Jack and Pearl Resnick first
became involved with the
Albert Einstein College of
Medicine shortly after it was
founded in 1955 as the first
medical school in the United
States under Jewish auspices.
They are both members of the
Einstein Board of Overseers;
Mrs. Resnick also-serves on
the Board of Trustees of the
parent institution, Yeshiva
University.
Their son, Burton P.
Resnick, is chairman of the
Einstein Board of Overseers
and also is chairman of the
executive committee of the
Board of Trustees of Yeshiva
University. He and his wife,
Judith, have endowed a Chair
in Alzheimer's Disease
Research at the medical
school. Jack and Pearl
Resnick's daughter, Marilyn
Katz, and her husband, Stan-
ley, are Benefactors of the
institution and Mr. Katz also
serves on the Einstein Board.
Two other children, Susan
Fisher and her husband, San-
ford, and Ira M. Resnick, are
also long-time friends and sup-
porters of the institution.
At the commencement exer-
cises, 183 students received
M.D. degrees and 28 received
Ph.D. degrees. Eleven were
awarded combined M.D.-Ph.D.
degrees. Dr. Michael Cohen,
professor and chairman of
pediatrics at Einstein, deliv-
ered the commencement
address.
A Cure For
Allergies?
TEL AVIV (JTA) Scien-
tists at the Hebrew Univer-
sity's School of Pharmacology
in Jerusalem have succeeded
in discovering the human
body's allergy-response mech-
anism, the newspaper Ma'ariv
reported.
Discovery will allow resear-
chers to propose methods of
stopping allergic reactions
such as running nose, coug-
hing, red eyes, asthma and hay
fever.
Synopsis Of The Weekly Torah Portion
The spies return from Canaan bearing a cluster of grape:
"And they came unto the valley of Eshcol, and cut down one
cluster of grapes, and they bore it upon a pole"
(Num. 13.23).
SHELAH
SHELAH At Kadesh, in the wilderness of Paran, the children
of Israel asked Moses to send forth scouts to reconsider the land
of Canaan. When God consented, twelve spies were dispatched,
one from each tribe, with specific instructions. Forty days later,
the spies returned bearing the fruit of the land, as evidence of its
fertility. But most of them came back with a pessimistic report:
the natives of Canaan were mighty men, the cities strongly
fortified. It was a land that "eateth up the inhabitants thereof
(Numbers 13.32). Of all the spies, only Joshua, the son of Nun, of
the tribe of Ephraim, the Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, of the tribe
of Judah, declared there was nothing to fear from the natives of
Canaan. The Israelites, frightened by the fearful majority report,
cried tearfully: "Were it not better for us to return into Egypt?"
(Numbers U.3). God grew wrathful at this lack of confidence in
Him, and would have destroyed the entire congregation, were it
not for Moses' Intercession. However, He vowed that before the
Israelites might enter the Promised Land they would wander in
the desert for 40 years, until the entire rebellious generation
those above 20 years of age should perish.

**

7/J*.
.- -5
Aerial View of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Haifa Desecrater Unfit For Trial
TEL AVIV (JTA) A 32-year-old Haifa Bay area
resident will not stand trial for two cemetery desecrations
last month for which an accomplice has drawn a stiff prison
sentence. A Haifa magistrate ruled that Gershon Tennen-
baum, 32, of Kiryat Yam is mentally unfit for a trial.
Glasgow May Honor Arafat
GLASGOW (JTA) Yaair Arafat may be given the
freedom of the city of Glasgow, an honor normally
conferred on someone who has rendered special service to
the city. Talks have been taking place between councilors
of Scotland's largest city and pro-Palestinian groups.
N.Y. Rabbis Honor Orthodox Leader
DENVER (JTA) Dr. Stanley Wagner, rabbi of the
BMH Congregation, received the Libby and Rabbi Israel
Mowshowitz Award of the New York Board of Rabbis for
distinguished community service. Wagner is the first
Orthodox rabbi to receive the award.
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Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, June 15, 1990
South Africa And The Jews: Lesson To Learn
By ARNO HERZBERG
Union, N.J. (JTA) For
many weeks, headlines blared
the news that Nelson Mandela,
leader of the black African
National Congress, was freed
after 27 years of captivity by
the white regime, and that a
new and benevolent govern-
ment would bring to South
Africa a new dawn of racial
harmony. Too many were too
glad.
The South African Board of
Deputies, the central organiza-
tion of Jews, hailed Mandela's
release and the lifting of the
ban on the ANC, and expre-
ssed hope that the measures
would "create an atmosphere
for the establishment of gen-
uine democracy for the benefit
of the country and all its peo-
ples."
South African Chief Rabbi
Cyril Harris assured his listen-
ers that he had been very
impressed by the steps taken
by the government.
In Israel, Foreign Minister
Moshe Arens was full of
praise. Replying to two
motions in the Knesset to
invite an official ANC delega-
tion headed by Nelson Man-
dela to visit Israel, Deputy
Foreign Minister Binyamin
Netanyahu assured his listen-
ers that the suggestion would
be considered in a positive
light.
In London, Dennis Goldberg,
The day before Mandela was released from
prison, demonstrators burned the Israeli flag and
carried posters saying, "Jews are sucking the
country dry," "Hitler was right," and
"Communism is Jewish."
the only white man jailed with
Nelson Mandela, raised the
flag of the ANC to celebrate
Mandela's release. Liberals all
over the world took heart.
And then came the bomb-
shell.
Whenever there is an oppor-
tunity to stir the brew of inter-
national relations, we should
know that Yasir Arafat will be
close at hand. He showed up in
South Africa, threw his arms
around Mandela and kissed
him on both cheeks.
"Like us, he is fighting
against a unique form of colo-
nialism and we wish him suc-
cess in his struggle," said Man-
dela, adding, "If the truth
alienates the powerful Jewish
community in South Africa,
that's too bad."
He was only echoing the
"that's too bad" of another
black leader, Archbishop
Desmond Tutu, whom New
York Mayor David Dinkins
selected as a speaker for his
New York inauguration. "If I
am accused of being anti-
Semitic," said Tutu, "tough
luck. My dentist's name is Dr.
Cohen.
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the situation has changed
beyond recognition. Forgotten
are the sacrifices the Jews
made to fight apartheid. For-
gotten is a man like Dennis
Goldberg, who endured 22
years of captivity to right a
wrong; a woman like Helen
Suzman who for years was the
only voice in Parliament to
argue against injustices
against blacks.
Forgotten is that friend of
Mandela who, 30 years ago,
helped him when he was on the
run from the security police.
Cecil Eprile has now written
an open letter to Mandela urg-
ing him to reassure Jews that
he is not anti-Semitic. He did
not get an answer. Forgotten
is all the assistance and the
help anti- apartheid policies
received from Jews all over
the world. I wonder whether
we will ever learn to mind our
own business.
The Jews in South Africa are
now sandwiched between two
camps. On the one hand, they
PLO Admission
Postponed Indefinitely
GENEVA (JTA) The
World Health Organization
rejected an application by the
Palestine Liberation Organiza-
tion for admission to the U.N.
agency as a self-proclaimed
state of Palestine. A resolution
adopted by consensus shelved
the issue indefinitely.
It called on WHO Director
General Dr. Hiroshi Nakajima
to continue to study the appli-
cation and report back to the
assembly "at the appropriate
time."
eaowHMiowarwKnrTOMoofSfc c
must watch out for the uncon-
trolled transfer of power to the
black majority, and will have
to rely on President F.W. de
Klerk's assurance that the
position of the white minority
will not be subject to majority
rule.
In the end, their future will
depend on the outcome of
negotiations between blacks
and whites. They will have the
same fear of nationalization
and redistribution of wealth
that all other whites will have.
On the other hand, they
must also watch for the una-
voidable backlash of the white
right wing, which is telling the
Jews that they are responsible
for the collapse of apartheid
and for the country's libera-
tion.
The day before Mandela was
released from prison, demon-
strators burned the Israeli flag
and carried posters saying,
"Jews are sucking the country
dry," "Hitler was right," and
"Communism is Jewish."
That the Israeli flag was
burned by that mob in Pretoria
is significant. It means that
there are forces at work within
South Africa which consider
Israel their worst enemy. It
would be good if President
Bush and Secretary of State
James Baker would take note
of it.
Those two object to the rela-
tions Israel has with South
Africa, which are purely an
outgrowth of commitments
made years ago and which are,
by all accounts, extremely
exaggerated.
American governments, on
the other hand, have ignored
for many years the oil deliver-
ies Arab countries make to
South Africa. Without them,
South Africa's economy would
be at a standstill and their
government would have been
forced long ago to capitulate to
the sanctions the Dis-United
Nations have promulgated.
It is obvious that these oil
deliveries are of extreme
importance to South Africa.
For this reason, any mention
of the source of oil deliveries is
subject to a heavy fine and
seven years' imprisonment.
To reveal where all that oil is
coming from would expose the
Arabs in all their hypocrisy for
all the world to see. But who
talks about that?
Arno Hertberg was JTAs bureau
chief in Berlin in the 1930s.
Bush Defends Veto
On UN Resolution
20091 Summerlln Road Fort Myers. Florida 33908
(813)466-1200
rrom a cotoctton of over 200 bdtsson hotels and aflHMn woridwtde.
WASHINGTON (JTA) -
President Bush defended the
U.S. decision late last week to
kill a Security Council resolu-
tion that would have sent a
three-member U.N. delegation
to investigate the recent
upsurge of violence in the
administered territories.
The situation leading up to
the U.N. vote was com-
pounded by the "outrageous
guerilla attack launched
against Israel," Bush said at a
joint news conference with
'Soviet President Mikhail Gor-
bachev.
He was referring to the
aborted seaborne attack by
heavily armed terrorists from
the Palestine Liberation Front
on two Israeli beaches packed
with Israeli vacationers over
the Shavuot holiday.
The U.S. vote against the
resolution, which was sup-
ported by the 14 other mem-
bers of the Security Council,
blocked its adoption. The
United States is one of five
permanent Security Council
members with that veto
power.
The resolution, introduced
by the Arab bloc, called for a
three-member commission of
the Security Council to investi-
gate the "policy and practices
of Israel, the occupying
power" and the "deteriorating
situation" in the Israeli-
administered territories and
East Jerusalem.
The delegation was to report
back by June 20, after which
the council would reconvene to
discuss "ways and means of
ensuring the safety and pro-
tection of the Palestinian civili-
ans" in the territories.
It was proposed May 25 in
Geneva, where the Security
Council convened for a special
session to hear Palestine Lib-
eration Organization leader
Yasir Arafat address the
upsurge of violence in the
West Bank and Gaza Strip
after a lone Israeli gunman
shot seven Palestinian wor-
kers to death May 20 near the
Israeli town of Rishon le-Zion.
The United States originally
expressed support in Geneva
for a more-limited plan of
sending observers to the terri-
tories on a temporary basis,
but then reversed its decision,
saying it would support an
emissary sent by the U.N.
secretary-general, as opposed
to a Security Council delega-
tion.


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