The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County


Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County the voice of the Jewish community of Palm Beach County
Uniform Title:
Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1985)
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Fred K. Shochet
Place of Publication:
West Palm Beach, Fla


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Palm Beach


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 11, no. 27 (Sept. 13, 1985)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statements conflict: Feb. 20, 1987 called no. 4 in masthead and no. 8 in publisher's statement; Mar. 31, 1989 called no. 12 in masthead and no. 13 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
"Combining Our voice and Federation reporter."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44605643
lccn - sn 00229551
System ID:

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Related Items:
Jewish Floridian
Preceded by:
Jewish Floridian (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1982)

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Full Text
thjewish floridian
Volume 16 Number 11
# "Cw#1
Price 40 Cents
Shamir Gets Setback
In Coalition Attempt
markings on some 50 graves in the Saint-Herblain Roman Catholic cemetery near Nantes, western
France after they were desecrated with slogans calling for revenge for the Carpentras Jewish
cemetery desecration and insulting National Front leader Jean-Marie he Pen. AP/Wide World
Cemetery Vandalism Spreading
PARIS (JTA) An epidemic
of cemetery desecrations and
anti-Semitic graffiti has resul-
ted in the arrests of 12 youths
in France and West Germany
since last week.
In the same period, cemet-
ery vandals were being hunted
in Switzerland, Jews in Hol-
land considered measures to
protect their burial grounds,
and a French teacher was sus-
pended because he allowed his
pupils to daub racist graffiti on
classroom walls.
The destructive sprees,
aimed entirely at Jews, seem
to be a perverse reaction to the
exceptionally brutal assault
May 10 on the ancient Jewish
cemetery in Carpentras, in
southern France, which was
widely condemned by national
leaders and a majority of the
Two 19-year-old soldiers,
described as deserters, and a
19- year-old student were
arrested in Nevers, in central
France, after they were
caught painting swastikas and
racist slogans on the walls of
two high schools.
Three young Skinheads were
Continued on Page 6
Prime Minister-designate Yitz-
hak Shamir suffered a setback
to his coalition-building efforts
when the far right-wing Mole-
det party said it was breaking
off talks with Likud.
Shamir's perilously narrow
parliamentary majority may
be further endangered by the
Knesset House Committee's
refusal to let Likud defector
Avraham Sharir return to the
party he quit in March.
A majority of the committee
voted not to allow Sharir to
leave the recently established
Party for the Advancement of
the Liberal-Zionist Ideals, of
which he apparently is the sole
remaining member.
Sharir, whose stint as tour-
ism minister in the 1984-88
unity government was marred
by criticism of his prolonged
trips abroad, was one of the
four members of Likud's Lib-
eral Party faction who set up
the new party.
2 St. Lucie Congregations
Defectors were led by for-
mer Economics and Planning
Minister Yitzhak Moda'i, a
hard-line opponent of Shamir's
peace diplomacy.
U.S. 'Disturbed'
By New Battles
The State Department said
that it deplores "this senseless
tragedy, and we extend our
deepest condolences to the
families of everyone touched
by this incident, referring to
the killing of seven Arabs by a
former Israeli soldier.
"In the absence of a peace
process, the potential for this
kind of senseless violence and
spiraling responses afterwards
goes up. If we are to prevent
violence, hopes for peace must
be preserved," said Richard
Boucher, the department's
deputy spokesman.
"We are disturbed by the
number of casualties inflicted
by the Israeli army," he said.
So. Fla Temples Desecrated
Jewuk Floridian Staff Writer
Vicious desecrations of two
Treasure Coast synagogues
have sickened and outraged
congregants and residents of
two small, otherwise quiet
communities and prompted
calls by the Anti-Defamation
League for stiff penalties
should the violators be caught.
ADL officials believe the
incidents may be a sign of
increasing turf wars between
hate groups competing for
members and trying to prove
which has more hate-filled
Spray-painted swastikas and
slogans such as "Six million
more," "Satan is a kike," and
"Adolph Hitler lives," were
discovered last week on two
St. Lucie County synagogues
located about 10 miles apart.
"Extinction it your evil
reward" was among the say-
ings sprayed on the walls of
Congregation Beth Israel in
Port St. Lucie. Five ugly mes-
sages and swastikas dese-
crated the white stucco walls
of Temple Beth El, in White
City, just outside Fort Pierce.
No other incidents have been
reported in the state, said
Arthur Teitelbaum, southern
regional director of the ADL.
But Teitelbaum called the
incidents "serious," and said
two state laws passed within
this decade will put the perpe-
trators in serious jeopardy.
Continued on Page 3
UN Force
Israel Strongly Objects
To 'Neutral9 Observers
GENEVA (JTA) In a pol-
icy shift, the United States
blocked the U.N. Security
Council from sending a team of
U.N. observers to the West
Bank and Gaza Strip.
But the matter was expected
to come up again when the
Security Council reconvened
at U.N. headquarters in New
In an extraordinary move,
the council convened here so
that it could hear an address
by Yasir Arafat. In his speech,
the Palestine Liberation
Organization leader urged the
United Nations to dispatch a
full-scale international obser-
ver force to monitor conditions
in the Israeli-administered ter-
ritories and "protect the
Palestinian inhabitants."
The United States initially
expressed support here for the
more limited plan of sending
observers to the territories on
a temporary basis. Its U.N.
representative, Ambassador
Thomas Pickering, told dele-
gates of the 14 other nations
currently serving on the coun-
cil that Washington would try
to obtain Israel's acceptance of
the plan.
But Pickering apparently
had received new instructions
by Saturday, when he told the
council that because the
United States had failed to win
Israel's assent, it could no lon-
ger back the plan.
Pickering, a former U.S.
ambassador to Israel, did not
formally address the council.
But U.S. activity behind the
scenes prevented the council
from taking what the Ameri-
can delegate called "hasty
action," according to diplo-
matic sources here.
U.N. sources said informal
discussions were being held
now in an effort to reach a
consensus decision in New
One possibility was
that U.N. Secretary-General
Javier Perez de Cuellar could
be asked to appoint a special
envoy to try to advance the
Middle East peace process and
to report on the local situation
in the territories. That would
fall far short of the PLO's
request to station a U.N. force
Continued on Page 2
In Soviet
Semitism in the Soviet Union
affects only a small part of the
population, Moscow's Rabbi
Adolph Shayevitch told more
than 100 rabbis from 17 coun-
tries at a three-day meeting
Biennial Conference of
European Rabbis brought
together rabbis from Western
and Eastern Europe as well as
a large delegation from the
United States.
They discussed resurgent
anti-Semitism, the physical
Continued on Page 6
ews oCene
JERUSALEM Mayor Teddy Kollek
accuses the Greek Orthodox Church of
waging a "defamatory anti-Jewish cam-
paign" over the St. John's Hospice affair in
the Christian Quarter.
WASHINGTON Israeli institutions are
losing hope the United States will allow
U.S. companies to sell supercomputers to
Israel, out of fear they will be used to
design nuclear weapons.
WASHINGTON U.S. Jewish groups
are worried that they may have to absorb a
larger tax bite from Uncle Sam and local
governments in the 1990s.
HlRD i i ASS
ii. t.~ H4TON >,04>i,A
r>bHMIl NO 109.}

Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, June 1, 1990
Nazi Criminals Found Haven in New Zealand
SYDNEY (JTA) New Zealand confirmed that it has
received a list of eight Nazi war criminals who may have
come to the country after World War II. "If there are war
criminals in New Zealand, there will be no hole deep
enough for them to hide in," External Relations Minister
Mike Moore told Parliament when the allegations were
Joint Effort Slated for Power Plants
BEERSHEBA (JTA) Israel and the Soviet Union plan
to work together to produce low-cost, non-polluting power
plants, as part of a pioneering scientific agreement
between the two countries.
Polish Jews Convene in New York
NEW YORK Dr. Arthur Hertzberg, historian and
author, will be keynote speaker at the national convention
of the Federation of Polish Jews June 10 at the American-
Israel Friendship House here.
Czech Leader Discounts Racism
PRAGUE (JTA) The deputy prime minister of Cze-
choslovakia, Josef Hromadka, is well aware that racism is
often found at the root of a nationalist or religious
resurgence. But he is confident *it will not occur in
Czechoslovakia, as democracy and a new national identity
emerge from 40 years of Communist rule.
Australia Acts for Soviet Jews
SYDNEY (JTA) Australian government and opposi-
tion leaders are waging a passionate campaign to urge the
Soviet Union to facilitate the emigration of Soviet Jews by
allowing direct flights from Moscow to Tel Aviv.
N.Y. Public Library Gets Collection
NEW YORK (JTA) A collection of memoirs dealing
with the American Jewish experience and serving as a
primary source of historical and scientific information was
donated this week to the New York Public Library by the
American Jewish Committee.
Cost Of Living Jewishly Escalates
NEW YORK (JTA) The escalating cost of living
Jewishly will require a shift i traditional attitudes toward
synagogue membership fees, tuition tax credits and a
redefinition of the Jewish family if American Jewish life is
going to survive in the next century, academics and Jewish
professionals said here at a recent conference.
Cardinal Warns
Of Backlash
?uent and strident criticism of
ope John Paul II by Jews
might result in an anti-Jewish
backlash in the Catholic com-
munity, the archbishop of New
York warned a Jewish audi-
ence here.
"You must understand the
backlash if the pope is attacked
and attacked and attacked,"
Cardinal John O'Connor said
in an address at the annual
dinner of American Jewish
"Catholics, even many who
are dissident to a degree, have
a deep-rooted fealty to the
pope, as you have to Jewish-
ness and to Israel," he
"If I seem to attack Israel,
instantly I am attacked by
many because of the deep,
deep loyalties. That's a two-
way street. That's the way we
are about the pope," the prom-
inent Catholic prelate said.
O'Connor attended the din-
ner to receive AJCommittee's
Isaiah Interreligious Award
for his work in Catholic-Jewish
relations. It was presented to
him less than a week after he
sharply attacked the Israeli
government for helping Ortho-
dox Jews acquire a building in
the Christian Quarter of Jeru-
salem's Old City.



Jewish floridian
ot Palm Bead) County
Combining "Our Vote*' wd "Federation Reporter"
Fred Snochet
Editor and PuWIeher
Advertising Director
Executive Edltof
Main OMIce t Plant 120 N.E n St. Miami. PI 33132 Phone: 1-373-4M6
POSTMASTER: Sand address changes to Tha Jewish Floridian,
P.O. Box 012973, Miami. Fla. 33101
Fee Aewrtlseat urfsnaatiea cmll tellert Jeaa Tafia* Ms-TO-*.
Jewish Floridian does not guarantee Kaenrutti ot Merchandise Advertised
SUBSCRIPTION BATtS: Local Aree $4 Annual (2-Year Minimum S7 SO)
Friday, June 1. 1990
Volume 16
1 SIVAN 5750
Number 11
Veterans' MayorVWjfe
Tamar Kollek
Symbol Of
Jerusalem Day
It is 8 o'clock in the morning in
the mayor of Jerualem's
household and Tamar Kollek,
Teddy's wife, sits impatiently
on an overstuffed, grey-
flecked couch. She's sur-
rounded by Chagall litho-
graphs, Anna Ticho paintings,
clay vases that date back 3,000
years and a distinctive display
case of antique glass. Despite
the number of artifacts and
shelves overflowing with
books, the room is unpreten-
tious and precise.
As is Tamar Kollek, who
repeatedly glances at her
watch. Tamar, 72, is sensibly
dressed in a dark green skirt
and brown and black-striped
sweater. She wears no make-
up or jewelry and her white
hair is cut short. Immediately
referring to her dislike of
interviews, she blurts out,
"Talking to the press is a
waste of time." Then with an
unexpected smile she adds,
"I'd rather spend the time
helping people."
Recently the recipient of the
Association for the Develop-
ment of Society and Culture's
Woman of the Year Award,
she is especially well-known
for her work on behalf of han-
dicapped children, soldiers in
distress and the elderly. And if
she scoffs at the limelight, she
is unabashed about using her
clout on behalf of those in
need. "The mayor's wife can
be very helpful to a new volun-
teer agency; obtaining every-
thing from an office to a tele-
phone," she says.
For most organizations,
she's been doing more than
providing the office equip-
ment. She initiated the fund-
ing for Beit Tamar, a home for
physically handicapped teen-
agers, which is part of Ilan (the
Israel Organization for Handi-
capped Children), a national
organization which provides
housing, workshops, and care
for handicapped children and
young adults. Tamar is chair-
man of the Jerusalem branch
of the organization.
She is also especially well
known for her involvement in
Volunteers for the Army and
the Association of the Jerusa-
lem Volunteers for the Wel-
fare of Soldiers in Prison. Vol-
unteers for the Army started
in 1973 during the Yom Kip-
pur War as a civilian effort to
relieve soldiers of duties that
civilians mainly women -
could perform.
Women also form the back-
bone of the volunteer organiza-
tion formed to assist incarcer-
ated soldiers, says Tamar.
Many come from troubled fam-
ilies, and we have found that it
helps them to talk to a volun
teer. This in turn reduces the
tension in the prison."
Had Tamar chosen a career,
it would have been in social
work. Instead, in 1937 she
immigrated to IsraeI from
Vienna, married Teddy Kollek
and togethe/ with him helped
found Kibbutz Ein Gev on the
Kinneret, where they
remained for 14 years.
Throughout the years that
Teddy worked for the Jewish
Agency, for the Foreign Office
in Washington, as Director-
General of the Prime Minis-
ter's Office under David Ben-
Gurion, and the 25 years as
mayor of Jerusalem, Tamar
and Teddy have maintained
close ties both to the kibbutz
and to kibbutz ideology.
Like many of the pioneers,
fired by Zionist ideology, the
Kolleks left comfortable Euro-
pean homes to farm land and
to create a Jewish presence.
Forsaking bourgeois comforts,
they moved into tents and
withstood enemy attacks. But
discussing the early years,
Tamar dismisses the hardships
and says, "Everything
was O.K. When you are young,
nothing is too much of a prob-
lem." She continues, "It was
exciting to build something
new in the wilderness and we
all knew the importance of
what we were doing."
As she looks back at the
idealism that marked her gen-
eration, she admits, "I think
that we were mistaken to
think that the second genera-
tion would have the same
ideals. But I still think that
Israel is more idealistic than
other countries." Matter-of-
factly she adds, "The whole
Continued on Page 7
U.S. Vetos
Continued from Pare 1
U.S. Secretary of State
James Baker, appearing- i
Washington on the CBS-TV
talk show "Face the Nation"
said, "We would support an
investigative mission sent bv
the secretary-general of the
United Nations to go check on
the situation in the territoriot
and report back."
But he said the United
States would not support u
observer team sent by the
Security Council.
"I hope that the Arab leader-
ship and the government of
Israel will both support" the
other proposal, Baker said.
Israeli Prime Minister Yitr
hak Shamir, who appeared on
the ABC-TV program "This
Week with David Brinkley,"
did not mention an^ investiga-
tive mission. But lie ruled out
either a U.N. military force or
an observer team.
"Such forces are not bring-
ing peace, they are causing
tension," he said.
Israel has rejected the idea
of any sort of U.N. force in the
territories as an infringement
on its sovereignty.
But Israel's deputy foreign
minister, Binyamin Netan-
yahu, told the council here
that, as a gesture of good will,
Israel might accept a fact-
finding mission sent by the
secretary- general. It accepted
one in 1988, after the outbreak
of the intifada.
Western delegates who
asked not to be identified
expressed exasperation over
the American policy switch
and said their governments
would let Washington know it.
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So. Fla Temples Desecrated
Friday, June 1, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County PaftI
Continued from Page 1
The ADL has posted a $1,000
reward for information lead-
ing to the arrest and convic-
tion of the vandals.
The House of Worship Pro-
tection Act of 1982 elevated
such crimes from a misde-
meanor to a third-degree
felony. The penalties can be
increased to a second-degree
felony carrying up to 15 years
imprisonment under the 1989
Florida Hate Crimes Act.
"When arrests are made we
intend to press for vigorous
prosecution and deterent sen-
tences. We want the perpe-
trators of these crimes to
spend some time in jail," Tei-
telbaum said.
The ADL has been closely
monitoring a rise in hate group
activity in the Treasure Coast
area for several years, said
Louise Shure, ADL's Palm
Beach County regional direc-
"We suspect they (the dese-
crations) are related because
the messages were very simi-
lar," Shure said.
Although police have not
a-rested any suspects, Shure
said the desecrations may have
been the work of the American
Front, which is associated with
the California-based White
Aryan Resistance Movement
of Tom Metzger and the Skin-
head movement.
David Lynch, the 19-year-old
eastern states chairman of the
American Front is based in
Fort Pierce. Lynch reportedly
went to police headquarters
following the recent desecra-
tion to deny his group's
involvement. When he saw the
TV cameras, he reportedly
went home and changed into
his Nazi uniform.
Lynch told reporters he felt
Jews were responsible for the
desecrations and countered
the ADL's $1,000 reward with
a $1,000 offer of his own.
Just last week, the Dixie
Knights of the Ku Klux Klan
E.C. Seeks
Parliament of Europe has for-
mally asked the Soviet Union
to permit an international
investigation into the fate of
Raoul Wallenberg.
The 518-member Parlia-
ment, which is the legislative
body of the European Com-
munity, headquartered in
Strasbourg, France, peti-
tioned the Soviet authorities to
place all of the archives related
to the Wallenberg case at the
disposal of an international
commission of historians and
Wallenberg, a young Swe-
dish diplomat posted to Budap-
est in the final years of World
War II, has been credited with
saving tens of thousands of
Jews from deportation to Nazi
death camps by extending
them the protection of the
Swedish legation.
He was arrested when
Soviet troops entered Budap-
est in January 1945 and has
not been heard from since.
applied for a permit to hold a
rally in Fort Pierce. Shure
suspects that the Skinheads
may not want the Klan moving
in on their turf.
"All these groups keep fight-
ing with each other," Shure
said. "They're all trying to
recruit. They all want mem-
For a period, Tony Bastan-
zio, leader of the Dixie
Knights, had recruited Lynch
into his group, apparently hop-
ing to use the Skinheads as his
foot soldiers. A fallout was
suspected when the Skinheads
did not show up at a rally that
Bastanzio ran around the time
of Hitler's anniversary in mid-
Lynch has been associated
with running Hate Lines which
are becoming increasingly
The Jewish Floridian called
two purported "Hate Line"
numbers and heard a message
that began: "Hello white
America. You have reached
Hate Line, a production of
American Front."
Inviting the caller to stay
tuned, the recorded message
said this week's message
included an interview from
London with Paul Bernley,
leader of the radical Skinhead
band "No Remorse." Title
track from the group's latest
album "Blood Against Gold"
was played.
Other minor incidents have
appeared in the St. Lucie
County area over the past
year, including markings on
signposts belonging to groups
such as B'nai B'rith and Jew-
ish War Veterans.
But the latest synagogue
desecrations dealt the cruelest
"They of course are very,
very upset, very disturbed,
very hurt," said Shure. "They
feel like they have been
stabbed in the heart person-
ally violated."
The Port St. Lucie congrega-
tion held a rededication cere-
mony earlier this week. The
Fort Pierce community sand-
blasted the hurtful slogans
from their walls immediately
after their discovery.
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Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, June 1, 1990
Cardinal O'Connor Speaks Again
It was not enough for Cardinal O'Connor
to call the peaceful purchase by 150 Jews of
apartments in the Christian Quarter of
Jerusalem "obscene."
Now, he warns the American Jewish
Committee which honored him at its annual
dinner to downplay any criticism of the
Pope, lest a Catholic backlash develop.
The New York cleric is far off base in
both comments.
Mayor Teddy Kollek wrote the cardinal
that the O'Connor column attacking the
Jewish settlement in Jerusalem was "per-
sonally offensive to him. His Honor was
speaking for almost all Israelis and the
great majority of Jews everywhere.
While the timing of the move into the
Christian Quarter on the eve of Easter
was somewhat foolish, the right of Jews to
settle anywhere in Jerusalem is not open to
Christian and Moslem places of worship
have been protected with great skill since
the reunification of the Israeli capital 23
years ago.
Cardinal O'Connor's call on American
Jews to withhold disagreement with the
Pope is foolhardy. When the pontiff
embraces Arafat and denies recognition to
Israel, and when he condones the anti-
Zionist activities of his Eastern Rite
churches, he does a disservice to both
himself and to Israel.
Catholic-Jewish dialogue and cooperation
is welcome. But silence is too great a price.
Dreyfus, Carpentras
Affairs Compared
Cautious optimism also is the word to
describe reaction to the wanton desecration
of Jewish cemeteries in France and follow-
up vandalism in such diverse locations as
Britain, Quebec and South Florida.
The sight of more than 200,000 marching
through Paris Jew, Christian and Mos-
lem alike to protest the anti-Semitic
antics at the graves was awesome.
The unanimity of protests by church and
government officials to the "copycat"' dese-
crations of synagogues and cemeteries is a
hopeful sign that bigotry and intolerance
are not acceptable to thinking people any-
Just as the anti-Semitism of the Dreyfus
Affair converted Herzl from assimilationist
to Zionist, the hatred of the Carpentras
Incident may have shocked modern France
out of its romance with the neo-Nazis of the
far right.
Moscow Temple Tolerance Sign
LONDON (JTA) A sign of
the growing tolerance of reli-
gion in the Soviet Union is the
recent establishment in Mos-
cow of the first Progressive
Jewish congregation in that
It is called Congregation
Hineni and was established
two months ago under the
aegis of the World Union for
Progressive Judaism, an
umbrella organization that
represents Reform, Liberal
and Reconstructionist Jewish
congregations all over the
Hineni presently has only
150 members and meets in an
apartment that cannot hold
more than 30 people. That
necessitates a rotation system,
which permits a member to
attend services only once
every three or four weeks.
But the congregation plans
to acquire more commodious
quarters as soon as the Soviet
Ministry of Religious Affairs
formally approves its applica-
tion for recognition.
Approval is expected soon,
according to Zinovy Kogan, a
member of the congregation
who was a delegate to the
international conference of the
World Union held here.
Community Needs Reassurance
Against Battering
highly educated Jewish profes-
sional called me last week,
quite agitated. "What's hap-
pening to our people?" he
blurted anxiously. Then he
proceeded to describe the
"Jewish condition today" as
he saw it.
Israel's government is in ter-
rible disarray. The St. John's
Hospice attempted takeover in
East Jerusalem by 150 Ortho-
dox Jewish settlers has appar-
ently angered much of the
Christian world. In France,
Jewish cemeteries are dese-
crated. In Haifa, Jewish
cemeteries are also dese-
crated. In Eastern Europe,
Arabs are trying to halt Soviet
Jewish immigration to Israel.
In New York, there is an epi-
demic of racial-ethnic conflicts,
during which a black lawyer
publicly chides Mayor Dinkins
that he is betraying the black
people and is "wearing too
many yarmulkes."
I have sat at meetings dur-
ing the past weeks with vary-
ing kinds of Jewish leadership.
By and large, they are good
and very dedicated people.
Their primary preoccupations
are with nuts-and-bolts issues
White House and Israeli
relations, assuring aid pack-
ages to Israel, countering PLO
propaganda, problems with
the Vatican, etc.
All of that work is assuredly
essential and has priority. I
take it that the assumption is
that if you resolve the tough
practical problems, the emo-
tional-psychological responses
of ordinary Jews will in time
take care of themselves.
But the Jewish community is
becoming a battered commun-
ity, hit from all sides by politi-
cians, government officials.
formerly friendly churchmen,
blacks, Arab and PLO fellow
travelers. Like all battered
people, that condition requires
attention, a form of group
mental therapy that assures
Jews that their world, domes-
tically and internationally, is
not falling apart all around
That is difficult for some
bureaucrats, who see life as a
series of projects to deal with.
But the greatest Jewish lead
ers of the past Louis Mar-
shall, Abba Hillel Silver, Ste-
phen Wise and David Ben-
Gurion intuitively unde-
rstood that need to reassure
Jews periodically and give
them a sense that we are in
control of our fate and destiny
and not increasingly its vic-
Rabbi Marc H. Tanenbaum i* inter
national relation* consultant to thi
American Jewish Committee.
National Jewish Library and Heritage Center:
An Italian Jewish
ROME (JTA)-When Chief
Rabbi Elio Toaff nailed a
mezuzah to the doorpost of a
building in downtown Rome on
May 3, he inaugurated a center
of Jewish learning and scholar-
ship that has been the dream
of Italian Jewish leaders for
National Jewish Library and
Heritage Center formally
opened its doors with a cere-
monial gathering attended by
civic leaders and Jewish com-
munity officials.
Center, under construction
for over four years, is the first
national library and study cen-
ter of Italian Jewry. It houses
the collected archives, manu-
scripts and libraries of many
Jewish communities all over
Italy that either no longer
exist or lack the resources to
maintain the material.
About 25,000 volumes are
presently being catalogued
and restored. In addition to
the archives, there is a com-
puter room and an audiovisual
For Tullia Zevi, president of
the Italian Jewish community,
the center provides a chance to
use the Jewish heritage to
encourage dialogues between
Jews and between Judaism
and other religions.
"I think that this is a place
and an opportunity to build
bridges between American
and European Jews, between
Aahkenazim and Sephardim,"
she said.
The center has already
established "operational
links with Yeshiva University
and the Jewish Theological
Seminary of America in New
York, and the Hebrew Univer-
sity in Jerusalem.
"We are looking for young
scholars to come and work
here, to create joint educa-
tional programs and semin-
ars," Zevi said.
She observed that "Rome is
a crossroad between the Medi-
terranean snd European cul-
tures: East and West, North
and South meet here, and not
just Jews alone."
Zevi noted that historically,
Jews in southern Europe acted
as a conduit between Moslem
scholars and Christian cul-
"For centuries, Jews in
Spain and Italy acted as links
between Moslem and scholars
and Christianity. This is an
opportunity we would like to
offer here to resume multi-
lateral dialogue," the Jewish
community leader said.
Continued on Page 7

Friday, June 1, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 5
American Olim Reaching Out To Help Soviets
takes one to know one, they
say, so it makes sense for
former olim to use their past
experiences to help recently
arrived Soviet Jews adjust to
their new surroundings.
"We're trying to address
every piece of anxiety they
encounter," said Yoav Peck,
executive director of the Asso-
ciation of Americans and Can-
adian in Israel.
Formed in 1951, AACI has
19,000 adult members, plus
another 20,000 family mem-
bers. There are 65,000 North
Americans in Israel.
While AACI members are
offering to share their own
experiences and knowledge,
they are cautious not to domin-
ate the settlement of the new
arrivals, said Peck, who is also
chairman of the steering com-
mittee of the Council of Olim
Organizations in Israel.
"We know there are aspects
of Russian culture we know
nothing about," said Peck,
who was here recently to
gather support for the organi-
zation's efforts. "We only
want to offer our experience
and expertise."
With most Soviet arrivals
not ideologically motivated to
come to Israel, Peck warns
against not effectively absorb-
ing them into the country.
"They'll go somewhere
else," Peck said, adding it is
too early to tell whether the
absorption has so far been suc-
"I hope what we'll have is
thousands and thousands of
satisfied new Israelis," he
Most North American aliyah
took place in the euphoria
immediately following Israel's
1967 victory in the Six-Day
War. The current Soviet aliyah
should be seen as an example
by Jews still in the United
States and Canada, said Peck,
a native New Yorker who
immigrated to Israel in 1973.
"It's a graphic demonstra-
tion of what we've been saying
to our fellow North American
Jews. In Israel you don't read
about history, you make his-
istika and the word "No" are painted onto one of the Jewish
i fires on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem. Several graves were
{tainted or damaged over the last couple of days in the graveyard
across the valley from the Dome of the Rock (background), Islam's
third holiest site. (APIWide World Photo)

: if wo
In the Coo" f
Cits*** *
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miExcrrm actymq*momtnnmr
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Par Parson
to Stewart International Airport To riilamm*. w-r
AACI is working with for-
mer Prisoner of Zion Natan
Sharansky in helping to coor-
dinate the dozen or so Soviet
Jewish organizations in Israel
and to cultivate better under-
standing between the new
arrivals and resident, mostly
Sephardi, Israelis.
Peck said he understands
the resentment felt by many
Sephardic Jews in Israel over
the housing, economic and
social benefits being extended
to recent Soviet arrivals. But
the resentment is misdirected,
Peck said.
"Many of them were humili-
ated by Ashkenazi Jews when
they came here in the 1950s
and 1960s. Now, 30 years
later, they see a new wave of
Ashkenazim coming in and the
entire country is going wild for
"It's salt in their wounds,
but the wounds were not
created by the Russians," he
Both native Israelis and
Soviet immigrants can learn
from the North American Jew-
E.C. Seeks
Parliament of Europe has for-
mally asked the Soviet Union
to permit an international
investigation into the fate of
Raoul Wallenberg.
The 518-member Parlia-
ment, which is the legislative
body of the European Com-
munity, headquartered in
Strasbourg, France, peti-
tioned the Soviet authorities to
place all of the archives related
to the Wallenberg case at the
disposal of an international
commission of historians and
Wallenberg, a young Swe-
dish diplomat posted to Budap-
est in the final years of World
War II, has been credited with
saving tens of thousands of
Je,ws from deportation to Nazi
death camps by extending
them the protection of the
Swedish legation.
He was arrested when
Soviet troops entered Budap-
est in January 1945 and has
not been heard from since.
ish organization's use of volun-
teers, Peck said.
"If Israel is going to face the
crunch of shrinking resources
effectively, we're going to
have to muster thousands and
thousands of volunteers," he
With the arrival of thou-
sands of Soviet immigrants,
Peck said, there has never
been a greater potential for
unleashing volunteer
"Every morning there's a
new phenomenon," Peck said,
citing the pre-Passover tele-
thon in which 17,000 Soviet
olim were invited in 12 hours
to sedarim by Israeli families.
Israelis from North America
are also taking an active role in
the grass-roots effort to enact
election reform in the country.
AACI recently delivered
40,000 letters from North
Americans to the Knesset
demanding election reform in
"There's no such thing as
accountability in the Israeli
electoral system," Peck said.
"There's not even a Hebrew
word for it."
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Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, June 1, 1990
Continued from Page 1
arreste/l for defacing a
Catholic graveyard in Saint
Herblin, near Nantes in west-
ern France. They admitted
they intended the act to be
blamed on Jews.
In West Germany, four
youths, age 17 to 20 and also
described as Skinheads, were
arrested May 17 for desecrat-
ing graves at a concentration
camp memorial in Turkheim,
in the Unterallgaeu region of
Bavaria. They were to be for-
mally charged in youth court.
Only two weeks ago, Jewish
gravestones were overturned
and daubed with swastikas in
East Germany, including the
stone of the late playwright
Berthold Brecht, who in fact
was not Jewish.
In Rome, Tullia Zevi, presi-
dent of the Union of Italian
Jewish Communities, warned
meanwhile that more anti-
Semitic incidents will occur in
In Switzerland, more than
2,000 people marched through
Geneva to show solidarity with
the Jewish community, after
the cemetery in the small town
of Yverdon was spray-painted
with swastikas and Stars of
cration of a Jewish cemetery
near Quebec City, second such
act in the province in six
weeks, has raised demands for
swift measures by authorities
to bring the culprits to justice.
Latest target was a cemetery
in Ste. Foy, a Quebec suburb,
where 31 gravestones were
cemetery in the northern part
of London has been vandal-
ized. But uncertainly over
when the vandalism took place
has created some disagree-
ment between two Jewish
leaders, both on the Board of
Deputies of British Jews. The
dispute centers over whether
vandalism at the cemetery in
Edmonton was a "copycat"
attack after the desecration of
a Jewish cemetery in France.
Israel High School
Enrolls Record
Some 240 enthusiastic teen-
agers are attending the Alex-
ander Muss High School in
Israel during the summer ses-
sion, second largest enroll-
ment in its 17-year history.
High School in Israel has
sent more than 7,000 Ameri-
can students to Israel. Eight-
week program, offered five
times throughout the year,
allows students to relive 4,000
years of history at the actual
historic sites.
Amit Women Aid
Soviet Aliyah
An oversubscribed free com-
puter training course offered
recently to Russian immi-
grants in Rehovot by Amit
Women is a major feature in
the multi-faceted program
launched by the organization
to promote Jewish immigra-
tion from Russia and to assist
the absorption of new olim.
Continued from Page 1
and spiritual well-being of
Soviet Jews, and religious
Jewry's relations with the
European Community, among
other topics.
Conference, chaired by Lord
Immanuel Jakobovits, outgo-
ing chief rabbi of Britain and
the Commonwealth, was held
at E.C. headquarters under
strict security measures.
According to Rabbi Albert
Guigui of Brussels, its primary
objective is recognition by the
E.C. that it is the main voice
for religious Judaism in
Rabbis met only a few days
after the brutal desecration of
a Jewish cemetery in Carpen-
tras in southern France. They
took note of the horror expre-
ssed by European heads of
state and other leading person-
alities over that incident, and
said they appreciated the
demonstrations of solidarity
with Jews against all forms of
Outbreak of anti-Semitism in
the Soviet Union was a topic of
lively debate. The Soviet rab-
bis recognized as community
heads by the Soviet govern-
ment, Shayevitch of Moscow
and Chaim Levitis of Lenin-
grad, were reported to have
said there is not really an
upsurge of anti-Semitism in
the Soviet Union.
The two rabbis, who
attended the conference for
the first time, said that anti-
Semites are enjoying a free-
dom of expression they didn't
have in the past.
Guigui told journalists later
that "this gives more impact
to anti-Semitic feelings, but
the phenomenon affects only a
small part of the population."
Rabbi Max Warschawski of
Strasbourg, who lives in
Israel, wondered whether
"freedom of expression should
be given to anti- Semites.
Should freedom of speech
endanger people?" he asked,
stressing that "anti-Semitism
is highly contagious."
A resolution adopted by the
conference called on the
world's nations "to do all that
is within their power to pre-
vent all manifestations of anti-
Semitism and racism of all
It added, "At the same time,
we call on all Jews not to
overreact in these circum-
stances and to remain calm."
Yeshiva U.
Office Moves
Yeshiva University has
moved its regional office to
Hollywood, Harry A. Gampel,
chairman, announced.
Address of new office is 4000
Hollywood Blvd., Suite #417
South, Hollywood, 33021.
Yarmulkes, Hats
Both Modern, Traditional
Jewish Floridian Staff Writer
Holy Batmobile! It's a bird,
it's a plane,'s Super-
Need a yarmulke? Who ya'
gonna call? Ghostbusters?!
As the 21st century dawns,
traditional head coverings,
known as yarmulkes or kippot,
are reaching new dimensions.
This is evident at Torah
Treasures, the Judaica store
on South Beach which has one
of the largest selections of
yarmulkes around.
Tables there display 72
square feet of yarmulkes, and
while the traditional versions
of basic black are still popular,
designer headwear is compet-
ing for its share of the market.
Some of the recent entries
into the yarmulke market: Bat-
man and Robin, Superman,
Ghostbusters, Miami Heat and
Miami Dolphins.
Some feature palm trees or
carry slogans such as "No Way
Man!" and "Hey Dude." There
are tie-die, gold lame and plaid
Even the traditional leather
yarmulkes now come in a rain-
bow of pastels: mauve, pink,
powder blue, azure, peach, red
and brown.
Store owner Aryeh Zak pre-
fers to wear the large basic
black terelin yarmulke himself,
but says even some local
yeshiva students are opting for
the trendier versions.
Head coverings date back to
biblical times even though it is
not referred to explicity in the
Torah. But strong customs
throughout Jewish history
have required men to wear
head coverings as a sign of
modesty before G-d, as women
cover their heads as a sign of
modesty before man.
On South Beach, where
many elderly Jews live, the
men especially wear neither
yarmulke nor hat, but opt for a
simple cap, usually with the
rim pulled over the forehead.
Some Jews prefer these caps
as a more discreet way of
covering their heads. One man
who is employed by the city of
Miami Beach, prefers to wear
a cap during the day rather
than the more obvious yar-
Still, says South Beach
Rabbi Ralph Carmi, the
motives for the caps are not
exactly clear.
"Years ago you could iden-
tify a religious Jew by a beard.
Today everybody has a beard."
As for caps, "some feel more
comfortable with a cap, some
will wear it just for the sun."
But having the Flinstones
covering the head must be a
first, if not purely American
Still, 14-year-old Mendy
Wuensch, a student at the
Lubavitch yeshiva on Miami
Beach, opts for the basic black
or blue with a subtle design,
usually of religious signifi-
"Students don't wear
leather or knit. It's considered
bummy," he says.
On top of the yarmulkes,
Mendy and his classmates fol-
low the Lubavitch Hassidim
custom of also wearing black Young Jewish students have
hats starting at their bar mitz- sometimes become the butt of
vah That's when a boy mean jokes because of their
becomes a man. religious adherence, but at
72 square feet of yarmulke displays.
"Tefillin is the actual (rite of
passage)," says Mendy. "The
hat and jacket just come along
with it.
At Roland Your Hatter in
downtown Miami, which has
been selling all kinds of hats
for over 50 years, the former
owner, who identified himself
only as Irving, shakes his head
at the thought of selling any-
thing but a classical hat to a
traditional Jew.
least some students in a New
York yeshiva have learned to
respond: "I wear a kipa to
cover up the surgical scars
from when my horns were cut
Often, a particular group of
Jews will wear a hat similar to
that worn by their leader or
Most Hassidim such as Sat-
mar or Ger, wear streimels or
spadicks. A striemel is made
"Years ago you could identify a religious Jew
by a beard. Today everybody has a beard. "Asfor
caps, "some feel more comfortable with a cap,
some will wear it just for the sun."
"Ninety percent of them I
can't give a modem hat to,"
says Irving. "They've got their
ways and that's what they
If there's any difference at
all, says Irving, it's that they
seek hats with wider brims.
The color remain the same.
"Always black. Always black.
Always black," says Irving.
mostly of mink tails or other
animal tails. They usually are
made of some 13 to 14 pieces.
The spadicks' are made of one
piece of fur.
According to Hasidic Rabbi
Armin Grosz of Miami Beach,
the streimel originated around
the 1600s when Russian rulers
made Jews wear an animal tail
Continued on Page 7
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Na'amat U.S.A.,
Palm Beach Council
Tamar Kollek
to R:) Na'amat USA PaTnTBeach Council President, Sandra
)hen receiving an award from the Southern Jewish Federation
esident, Marvin Zale, citing Na'amat as one of the foremost
ish organizations in the area.
Continued from Page 2
world has changed and it is
only natural that we also
If the times have changed,
Tamar's values haven't.
Courted by the international
elite, Tamar says, "I don't
care about a person's position
or wealth. What matters to me
is if someone is honest and
good." When asked what it's
like to be married to the man
known as the world's most
famous mayor, she laughs and
says, "I don't know. I've never
been married to anyone else."
Then, after a long pause, she
adds, "I couldn't have married
someone who just worked for a
living. I wanted a husband who
was going to do something for
the country."
Improving services, and jug-
gling the needs of Jerusalem s
majority and ethnic minorities,
has been viewed by both Kol-
leks as an honor rather than a
burden. With emphasis, Tamar
says, "It's a very special privi-
lege to be the mayor of a
united Jerusalem." But the
extent of their commitment to
the country increased Tamar's
responsibility to their family.
The Koileks have two children,
Amos, 42, a writer and film-
maker, and Osnat, 29, owner
of an art and antiques gallery
in the Jewish Quarter of the
Old City. Admitting that her
husband's gruelling schedule
posed difficulties for the chil-
dren, she says, "That's why I
gave them as much time as I
possibly could."
* '*
to R:) Palm Beach Council President, Sandra Cohen; National
ecretary, Miriam Sherman: Southeast Area Coordinator, Rita
*alm Beach Council Scholar-
hip Luncheon Chairwoman,
ihirley Fayne
< r ? ?
Palm Beach Council Scholar-
ship Luncheon Chairwoman,
Joyce Schildkraut
Armory Art Centers Features
Holocaust Sculptures
Holocaust Sculptures in min-
iture by Florida artist Harry
Beethoven are now on
"iibit at the Armory Art Cen
r as part of the Jewish Art/
'nda Artists series.
The Armory is located at
1703 S. Lake Ave., West Palm
Beach. Hours are Tuesday-
Friday 12-4 p.m. and Sundays
2-5 p.m. For information call,
Continued from Page 4
"If we want to survive as a
culture, we must emphasize
dialogue and education," Zevi
As a step in that direction,
Italian Jewish students have
taken library training in Jeru-
salem and are currently being
trained at the Vatican Library
by one of its top curators of
Hebrew manuscripts.
There are 30,000 Jews in
Italy, but "people know so
little" about them. "Ignorance
breeds prejudice. We must
radiate knowledge," Zevi said.
She waxed enthusiastic as
she showed a guest around the
library complex, a former
machine shop a few steps from
the Jewish community head-
quarters on the banks of the
Friday, June 1, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 7
Militants Rally
Against Soviets
sian Nazis out of New York!"
and "No U.S. government
money to anti-Semites!" was
the greeting seven Soviet liter-
ary figures, some of whom are
believed to be anti-Semitic,
received upon arrival in New
Members of the J vish
Defense Organization, a small
militant offshoot of the Jewish
Defense League, demon-
strated outside their hotel to
protest their being in New
A meeting between the writ-
ers and a delegation from the
Zionist Organization of Amer-
ica was canceled at the last
minute. The ZOA says the can-
cellation was a direct response
to the demonstration.
Yarmulkes, Hats
Continued from Page 6
on their head as a sign they
were Jews.
Hasidic rabbis decided to
make a design garment out of
it, Grosz said, to make the
statement: "You tell me to
wear one, I'll wear 13."
A streimel is usually pur-
chased for a new groom by his
father-in-law as a wedding pre-
sent. But high prices are mak-
ing them more difficult to
come by nowadays, says
Grosz. The cheapest streimel
today costs between $500 and
$600 and prices now reach
At Zak's shop, yarmulkes
range from 25 cents for the
unlined variety that usually
sell in bulk for occasions such
as bar mitzvahs to $16 for the
hand-knit kind.
Jews, indeed, are a people of
many hats.
Italian Jewish Renaissance
It was purchased by the Jew-
ish community years ago with
funds from the Lazio region in
the Rome province, and from
the Doron Foundation.
Rebuilt structure, designed
by Viviana Campajola,
includes a breathtaking cen-
tral room whose design evokes
the architecture of an East
European synagogue.
Room is dominated by a cen-
tral flat inner dome, brilliantly
painted by Emanuele Luzzati,
with brightly colored zodiac
Other artwork includes a
ceramic sculpture by Ariela
Boehm representing an alle-
gory of the mezuzah, which
decorates the entry hall.
There is also a large map
showing the location of every
Jewish community in Italy.
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Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, June 1, 1990

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REPORT xmlns http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitss xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitssdaitssReport.xsd