The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County

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Material Information

Title:
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County the voice of the Jewish community of Palm Beach County
Uniform Title:
Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1985)
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
Fred K. Shochet
Place of Publication:
West Palm Beach, Fla

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Palm Beach

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 11, no. 27 (Sept. 13, 1985)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statements conflict: Feb. 20, 1987 called no. 4 in masthead and no. 8 in publisher's statement; Mar. 31, 1989 called no. 12 in masthead and no. 13 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
"Combining Our voice and Federation reporter."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44605643
lccn - sn 00229551
ocm44605643
System ID:
AA00014309:00179

Related Items

Related Items:
Jewish Floridian
Preceded by:
Jewish Floridian (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1982)


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Full Text
THE VOICE OF
THE JEWISH
COMMUNITY OF
PALM BEACH
COUNTY
thjewish floridian
>^ 1 OF PALM BEACH COUNTY
Volume 16 Number 9
PALM BEACH, FLORIDA FRIDAY, MAY 4, 1990
fn4 Unclm
Price 40 Cents
U.S. Protests Settlers Move
By HOWARD ROSENBERG
WASHINGTON (JTA) -
The State Department expre-
ssed dismay at reports that the
Israeli government helped
Jewish settlers acquire a build-
ing in the Christian Quarter of
Jerusalem's Old City.
"The admission by the
Israeli Housing Ministry that
it subsidized the settlers'
action is deeply disturbing,"
said department spokeswoman
Margaret Tutwiler.
She also called the settlers'
activity, launched during the
Christian holy days immedi-
ately preceding Easter, an
"insensitive and provocative
action."
The controversy erupted
April 11, when 150 Orthodox
Jewish settlers moved into a
building owned by the Greek
Orthodox Church, which they
claimed to have leased from an
Armenian businessman.
Their presence, the first set-
tlement of Jews in the Chris-
tian Quarter since Israel cap-
tured the Old City in 1967,
touched off interreligious
strife in Jerusalem and sharp
criticism of Israel abroad.
Foreign Policy Delayed
By Government Deadlock
TEL AVIV (JTA) Uncer-
tainty surrounding the forma-
tion of a government has com-
pletely paralyzed the workings
of the Foreign Ministry and
has harmed Israel's ties with
many countries, according to a
report in Yediot Aharonot.
The government crisis has
held up the appointment of 17
heads of legations, among
them ambassadors to the
United States, Canada, the
United Nations and France, as
well as to countries which have
only recently restored rela-
tions with Israel.
A senior Foreign Ministry
source is quoted as saying that
"many countries have sus-
pended dialogue with Israel,
while waiting for a govern-
ment to be formed. Agree-
ments which were supposed to
be signed with some countries
have not been signed."
Diplomatic contacts with the
United States and the Soviet
Union have been halted com-
pletely, Foreign Ministry
sources say. The U.S. adminis-
tration, concerned about
appearing to interfere in
Israel's internal affairs, has
refrained from initiating new
ideas for advancing the peace
process.
Soviet authorities are hold-
ing up discussions regarding
the possibility of direct flights
from Moscow to Israel in
return for guarantees that the
immigrants will not settle in
the territories.
Foreign Minister Moshe
Arens, who was scheduled to
sign an agreement for the
renewal of diplomatic relations
with Bulgaria, postponed his
visit there as a result of the
political crisis.
One exception to the abey-
ance of diplomatic activity,
however, was the presentation
of the new Czech ambassador,
Milos Pojar, to President
Chaim Herzog.
Czechoslovakia's president,
the writer Vaclav Havel, is
scheduled to come to Israel
this week. He will be the first
head of state from an Eastern
bloc nation to visit Israel since
those countries restored ties to
Israel, broken in 1967. Havel
will be the guest of Herzoe.
Jewish Agency Official
Blasts 'March Of Living'
By CATHRINE GERSON
JERUSALEM (JTA) A
Jewish Agency official voiced
disapproval of visits to Holo-
caust sites in Poland by Israeli
and other Jewish youths.
He also claimed Jews who
live in the diaspora do not
understand the Holocaust.
Yitzhak Meir, who heads the
Agency's Torah Education
Department, was critical of
the "March of the Living," a
two- mile trek by some 4,000
young Jews from 35 countries
over the two miles between the
Auschwitz and Birkenau death
camps in southeastern Poland.
More than 100 South Floridi-
ans took part.
Participants, including 800
from Israel, were observing
International Holocaust
Heroes and Martyrs Day by
re-enacting what had been a
death march 45 years ago.
But according to Meir, him-
self a Holocaust survivor, it
was a useless exercise because
the Holocaust cannot be unde-
rstood by looking at its sites
and relics.
He told the Jewish Tele-
graphic Agency in a telephone
Continaed on Page 2
Charges that Israel's Con-
struction and Housing Minis-
try had provided nearly $2
million of the funds used to
lease the building were levied
by a left-wing Israeli Knesset
member and confirmed by the
ministry.
If the money used came from
U.S. foreign aid dollars, that
would violate U.S. policy,
which bars the use of U.S.
funds beyond Israel's 1967
borders to help non-
Palestinians.
Tutwiler said that the U.S.
ambassador in Israel, William
Brown, has officially com-
plained to the Israeli govern-
ment.
In New York, the American
Jewish Congress said it was
"appalled" that "members of a
narrow Israeli caretaker gov-
ernment, operating during a
political (transition period)
without a democratic man-
date, have participated in a
clandestine effort to settle
Jews in the Christian Quarter
of Jerusalem."
AJCongress said the settle-
ment activity "underscores
once again Israel's desperate
need for electoral reform,"
aimed at preventing small
MARCH OF LIVING' CRACOW, POLAND Jewish youths
pass under the gate of former Auschwitz Nazi concentration
camp at the start of their 'March Of The Living' from Auschwitz
to former concentration camp of Birkenau. 'Arbeit Macht Frei'
reads the infamous sign above the gate. AP/Wide World Photo.
political parties from having
hold over the large ones.
Tutwiler said the United
States has not asked Israel yet
for any assurances on how the
U.S.-guaranteed funds are
used, particularly because the
caretaker government is cur-
rently in charge in Israel.
On April 3, the House of
Representatives approved the
$400 million as part of a $2.4
billion supplemental appropri-
ations bill for this fiscal year,
which began Oct. 1.
But the administration has
yet to formally request the
$400 million in housing loan
guarantees.
Vandalism,
Violence
Surfacing
JERUSALEM (JTA) -
Police are investigating a
wave of hooliganism that they
link to an increasingly tense
political mood as the country
enters its seventh week with-
out a government.
Most serious incidents
occurred in the religious town-
ship of Bnei Brak, north of Tel
Aviv.
Two tear gas grenades were
hurled into a gathering of
thousands of ultra-Orthodox
Jews celebrating the comple-
tion of the seven-year "Daf
Continued on Page 2

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Floridian* Join
'Living March9
TEL AVIV (JTA) Some
4,000 youths from 35 countries
including scores of South
Floridians silently marched
the two miles between the
Auschwitz and Birkenau death
camp complexes in southeast-
ern Poland, in a moving com-
memoration of International
Holocaust Martyrs and Heroes
Day.
Wearing blue parkas, they
marched, with arms linked, in
ranks of five, behind banners
Continued on Pag* 2
NEW YORK The Anti-Defamation
League expresses its support for the deci-
sion to evict Jewish settlers from a build-
ing in Jerusalem's Christian quarter,
asserting that it was "particularly disturb-
ing" that the settlers took over the build-
ing during Christianity's holiest week.
SYDNEY (JTA) Beefed-up police units
patrolled Australia's largest Jewish popu-
lation centers over the weekend, alert for
neo-Nazi activity. Australia, virtually the
area of the continental United States but
with a population of only 16 million, is
home to a proportionally high percentage
of Holocaust survivors.


Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, May 4, 1990
Holocaust Scholar Debunks 'Myth*
Nazis Didn 't Make Soap
From Bodies Of Jews
Dr. Yehuda Bauer
TEL AVIV (JTA) Profes-
sor Yehuda Bauer, head of the
Hebrew University's Holo-
caust history department and
regarded as one of the fore-
most researchers of the Holo-
caust, has denied the fre-
quently quoted charge that the
Nazis used the bodies of Jew-
ish death camp victims to
make soap.
The technical possibilities
for transforming human fat
into soap were not known at
that time, Bauer said at a
Holocaust memorial meeting
for Yom Hashoah.
The camp inmates were pre-
pared to believe any horror
stories about their persecu-
tors, and the Nazis were con-
tent to let them go on believing
the reports, he said.
"The Nazis did enough horri-
ble things during the Holo-
caust. We do not have to go on
believing untrue stories,"
Bauer said.
Unsubstantiated rumors
about the use of bodies of
British soldiers to make soap
had circulated during both
World War I and World War
II, he said.
Raoul Hilberg, John G.
McCullough Professor of Polit-
ical Science at the University
of Vermont and a preeminent
historian of the Holocaust,
agrees that the soap rumor,
although widespread, was
probably unfounded.
Britain for Outlawing Arab Boycott
LONDON (JTA) Britain may be prepared to outlaw
compliance with the Arab League boycott of Israel if its
European Community partners initiate such action, Fore-
ign Secretary Douglas Hurd has indicated. Hurd reminded
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher in a letter that "like the
United States, we do not support the boycott."
Agency
Continued from Page 1
interview that it was more
important to understand why
the Holocaust happened than
what happened.
For Meir, the Holocaust was
possible only because Jews had
no sovereign state. Only by
coming to Israel and seeing
the optimism of the Jews who
went through the Holocaust
and then had the strength to
build a state is it possible to
understand the Holocaust, he
contended.
"Building Holocaust
museums in New York and
Washington shows only one
thing, and that is that diaspora
Jewry does not understand the
Holocaust at all," Meir said.
"They do not understand
that all that happened during
that horrible period of time
was possible only because
Jews were not sovereign," he
asserted, adding that "is some-
thing that is impossible to
learn by walking through
museums and the cleaned-up
sites of Auschwitz, Buchen-
wald or Dachau concentration
camps."
Conservative
Women
Confab Set
The 30th Spring conference
of the Florida Branch of
Women's League for Conser-
vative Judaism will be held
May 20-22, 1990 at the Ft.
Lauderdale Airport Hilton
Hotel. Myrna Kagan, presi-
dent of the Florida Branch is
being re-installed.
Conference will be attended
by leaders of affiliated conser-
vative synagogue sisterhoods.
Judy Levine has been
appointed conference chair-
man by the Branch President.
Theme of the conference is
entitled, "A Tradition of
Faith." Workshop sessions
will include programming,
membership, youth and fun-
d raising.
Jewish floridian
ot PeJm Beach County
Combining "Our Vote*" and "Federation Reporter"
' Fred Snochet
FRED K SHOCMET
Editor and Publlahar
JOAN TEQLA3
Advertising Dlractot
SUZANNE SHOCHET
Exacutlva Editor
Main OHIca a Plant 120 N E 8th St.. Miami. FL 33132. Phona: 1 373-4*05
POSTMASTER: Sand address changes to The Jewish Floridian
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Jewish Floridian does not guarantee Kashruth of Merchandise Advertised
SUBSCRIPTION RATES Local Area U Annual (2-Year Minimum $7.50)
East German Jews Seek Personal Amends
EAST BERLIN (JTA) Some Jewish activists here may
seek more personal amends from the new East German
regime than the universal apology it made to the Jewish
people at the opening of its new Parliament.
Iraqi 'Super-Cannon' Story Doubted
LONDON (JTA) A British arms expert has cast doubt
on allegations that steel tubing seized by customs officials
were intended by Iraq for a "super-cannon" that could hurl
chemical or nuclear projectiles at Israel.
Miss America Told to Refrain
NEW YORK The Miss America Organization has
requested that Miss America 1990, Debbye Turner, refrain
from using rap songs containing Christian messages in her
presentation to public school children.
Canadian Court Ends Starr Probe
TORONTO Canada's Supreme Court has ruled to
terminate a public inquiry into the conduct of Patricia
Starr, an official of a Jewish women's organization accused
of making illegal political contributions.
Israel Denies Link to Drug Baron
TEL AVIV (JTA) Defense and Foreign Ministry
officials have disclaimed any knowledge of how Israel-made
weapons came to be founc on the estate of a Colombian
drug trafficker shot to death by police there last December.
According to a Defense Ministry spokesman, the weapons
were sent legitimately to a sovereign state, which promised
not to transfer them to a third party without Israel's
approval.
Clearwater Dedicates Holocaust Memorial
CLEARWATER A 20-foot bronze-and-granite Holo-
caust monument was dedicated during ceremonies at
Temple B'nai Israel, located off Belcher Road in this
Florida city. Designed in part by Clearwater architect
Charles B. Goldsmith, AIA, the $100,000 monument was
commissioned by the congregation.
Israel Bonds Launches Major Drive
With focus on an accelerated campaign to enroll Israel
Bonds purchases in the $100,000 and the $25,000-and-over
categories, 45 Israel Bonds campaign chairmen including
Morris Futernick of Miami, launched an emergency effort
in the U.S. and Canada to provide substantial funds for jobs
and housing for Soviet Jewish immigrants.
Friday, May 4, 1990
Volume 16
4 IYAR 5750
Number 9
March
Continued from Page 1
which read "March of the Liv-
ing" and the names of the
countries they represented.
They trooped through the
main gate of Auschwitz under
the warped slogan "Arbeit
Macht Frei" (Work Makes
Freedom).
Along a dirt track still bor-
dered by barbed wire fences
that were once electrified, the
marchers retraced the infa-
mous "death march" of 1945
when, as the Red Army
approached, the Nazis evacu-
ated Auschwitz.
2 Israeli Arms Firms
Make Largest List
PARIS (JTA) Two Israeli
firms are among the 100 lar-
gest arms exporters in the
Western world, according to a
study released here by the
Stockholm-based International
Peace Research Institute.
It ranks the government-
owned Israel Aircraft Indus-
tries 58th and Koor Industries
94th on the list, which is
headed by such American
giants as Mcdonnell Douglas,
Lockheed and General Dyna-
mics.
Violence--------
Continued from Page 1
Hayomi" cycle of Talmud
study.
Although the occasion was
not political, it was sponsored
by the Agudat Yisrael party,
which is badly split over an
agreement to back a Labor-led
government headed by Shimon
Peres.
At least a dozen people were
injured, and several were
treated for tear gas inhalation.
Also in Bnei Brak, Yair
Levy, a Knesset member of
the ultra- Orthodox and
largely Sephardic Shas party,
found his car daubed with
swastikas and the warning
"Death to Traitors."
Shas, while still in the Likud
camp, leans toward Labor's
land-for-peace formula.
Moshe Shahal, a Labor
Party Knesset member and
lililll
3,000 Argentina
Olim Expected
JERUSALEM (JTA) -
Israel expects 3,000 immi-
grants from Argentina this
year, compared to 1,930 last
year, according to Uri Gordon,
head of the Jewish Agency's
Immigration and Absorption
Department.
He said 820 immigrants
arrived from Argentina in the
first quarter of 1990 and
another 300 families have reg-
istered to immigrate.
According to Gordon, the
main reason for the influx of
immigrants from that country
is that country's painful finan-
cial crisis.
Gordon said his department
has special projects designed
to absorb olim from South
America. About 1,000 were
located last year in settle-
ments in Galilee, he said.
WHO Director
Fears PLO Vote
GENEVA (JTA) The head
of the World Health Organiza-
tion fears the U.N. agency will
be doomed if the Palestine
Liberation Organization suc-
ceeds in gaining admission as a
sovereign state.
In that event, the United
States will end its financial
contributions to the agency,
which amounts to 25 percent
of the WHO'S budget.
The consequences for the
WHO of a U.S. pullout from
the agency would be "a plague
worse than AIDS," Dr. Hiro-
shi Nakajima, the WHO's
director general, told the Jew-
ish Telegraphic Agency in an
exclusive interview here.
The vote on the PLO's appli-
cation for membership will
come up during the WHO's
annual General Assembly,
which opens in Geneva on May
7.
former minister of energy and
infrastructure, found a mes-
sage in graffiti on a wall facing
his home in Haifa. "Shahal
should be electrocuted," it
said.
He has also received crude
telephone threats.
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Friday, May 4, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 3
Study Highlights Increasing Singles
The Changing American Jewish Family
By CAROL SORGEN
BALTIMORE (JTA) The
American Jewish family has
been altered almost beyond
recognition in the last 20
years, and schools and other
communal institutions have
failed to keep pace with the
changes that affect them pro-
foundly.
That is the finding of Dr.
Sylvia Baiack Fishman,
research associate at Brandeis
University's Cohen Center for
Modern Jewish Studies.
Fishman has just completed
a study of the societal forces
that have influenced the Amer-
ican Jewish family over the
last two decades, particularly
Jewish women.
Twenty years ago, she notes,
6 percent of American Jews
were single, far below the
national average of 16 percent.
Today, in many major metro-
politan areas, one in three to
one in five Jewish adults is
single, exceeding the national
average of 19 percent.
In 1970, almost all American
Jewish women married in their
20s. Today, the age of first
marriage is much later, post-
poned for educational and car-
eer goals that have taken pre-
cedence over childbearing.
A rising divorce rate, women
working outside the home,
increasing numbers of singles,
feminism those are the
forces at work.
Fishman surveyed several
geographic areas, but princi-
pally focused on Baltimore
because, she said, "it's a fairly
traditional city. If you can see
changes in Baltimore, you
know that they are widespread
throughout other Jewish com-
munities in the United
States."
Fishman found from Jewish
population studies conducted
in 1970 that 53 percent of
American Jewish women were
married by age 24; 85 percent
by age 29; and 95 percent by
age 34.
Much more recent data cul-
led from Baltimore and Dallas
illustrates the scope of change.
In Baltimore in 1986, 80
percent of Jewish women aged
18 through 24 and 27 percent
aged 25 through 34 had never
married.
For the Jewish community,
these figures translate to an
increasing number of singles,
who now comprise a signifi-
cant population across the
country.
Yet Jewish communal insti-
tutions, which need the talent,
energy and financial contribu-
tions of their singles commu-
nities, have not responded ade-
quately, either by welcoming
singles into existing program-
ming or by creating new pro-
gramming Fishman believes.
"Jewish communities need
to see singles as "real live
Jews," Fishman said. "There
has been a real laissez-faire
attitude about them, and that's
destructive. On a moral basis,
you just can't ignore people
because they're single. They
should have a place among us.
If we wait around, we may lose
these people altogether. They
may become so alienated that
they will never affiliate."
When Jews do marry, Jew-
ish households are quite differ-
ent from what they used to be.
For example, only one-third of
Jewish households today cons-
ist of the stereotypical Mom,
Dad and the kids. "It's not the
same family we knew in the
1950s or even the '60s," Fish-
man said.
Fishman cites four reasons
for the change.
One is new childbearing pat-
terns. While most women used
to bear children in their early
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20s, they now delay it until
their late 20s or early 30s.
It has several consequences.
Infertility, Fishman said, is a
problem for approximately 15
percent of married couples in
their 30s who first start trying
to conceive.
To attain a replacement level
for the American Jewish popu-
lation, familes must have 2.2
children, Fishman notes. "By
delaying childbearing, it might
not work out that way."
Career considerations may
also limit the number of chil-
dren the couple has. "A
woman might have a child and
everyone is pleased for her,
yet she receives the message
at work, 'One child is fine, but
don't expect to have any more
children if you want to be a
partner," she said.
A second reason for the
changed family is women
working outside the home.
Twenty years ago, Jewish
women, more than any other
ethnic group, left the work
force during their childbearing
and child-rearing years.
Now, most Jewish women
continue to work through
those years.
Fishman found in a nation-
wide study that two-thirds of
Jewish mothers of children
under age 6 held paying jobs.
"The dual-career family is now
the new conventional family,"
she said.
The widespread employment
outside the home of mothers of
pre-school and school-age chil-
dren has consequences for the
community as a whole, Fish-
man points out.
It has created a growing
need for Jewish day care and
after-school care.
Jewish schools and institu-
tions can no longer assume
that most households include a
parent at home who is availa-
ble for car pools, hot lunch
programs and other institu-
tional needs.
A third reason for the
changed Jewish family is the
rising rate of divorce.
Fishman found that Jews
who divorce tend to remarry
quickly.
"We should be asking, 'Have
you ever been divorced?'
rather than 'Are you now
divorced?' on questionnaires,
she remarked.
The number of those who
have been divorced is two to
three times higher than those
who are currently divorced.
"One-fifth to one-quarter of
the American Jewish popula-
tion has had to deal with
divorce at some point," Fish-
man estimates.
The rising divorce rate has
led to single-parent and
blended families. As a group,
single-parent mothers remain
the least affluent members of
the Jewish community, even
when they are working full-
time.
Fishman stresses that Jew-
ish schools and institutions
must increase their sensitivity
to the special problems these
households face.
The fourth, and perhaps
most important, reason for the
changed Jewish family is femi-
nism.
According to Fishman, femi-
nism has affected not only the
Jewish family but the entire
American Jewish community.
Feminist attitudes are preva-
lent among Jewish women,
even those who claim not to be
feminists, she said.
A broad spectrum of general
feminist and Jewish feminist
goals have been absorbed and
domesticated within the public
and private lives of main-
stream American Jewry.
"Parents value for their
daughters the independence
that a career can bring, more
so than working for the com-
munity or for the family."
One of the most visible
changes wrought by feminism
has been in Jewish religious
and communal life, including
female cantors and rabbis, par-
ticipation of women in prayer
services, and the elevation of
women to positions of real
power and authority.
"When Jews immigrated to
this country, although women
had prayers in the home, it
was basically the men who
retained the ties with the reli-
gion," Fishman said. "Jewish
women were divested of those
ties. Feminism has allowed
Jewish women to re-empower
themselves and their spiritual
life."
As with the general popula-
tion, however, feminism has
not completely eradicated all
barriers faced by women.
"Within Jewish communal
organizations," Fishman
noted, "despite the presence
of qualified women in the field,
very few are promoted to exec-
utive positions."
And those frequently earn
salaries far less than their
male colleagues.
Similarly, women ordained
as rabbis are far less likely, so
far, to attain the most prestig-
ious and lucrative rabbinical
positions in major metropoli-
tan areas," Fishman said.
In the non-sectarian profes-
sions, career paths and sala-
ries of Jewish women still
often lag far behind those of
Jewish men.
But Fishman is optimistic.
"There is a hunger to explore
all things Jewish," she said.
"And the level of Jewish self-
esteem and pride is much
higher now than it was 30
years ago."
Schorsch To Address
Cantors Convention
Dr. Ismar Schorsch, chancel-
lor of the Jewish Theological
Seminary, will address the
43rd annual convention of the
Cantors Assembly May 8, it
was announced by Hazzan
Robert Kieval of Rockville,
Md., president of the Assem-
bly. Convention of the world's
largest body of hazzanim will
be held May 6 to 10 at Brown's
Hotel. Loch Sheldrake, N.Y.
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Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, May 4, 1990
Israel And Its 42nd Birthday
Sunday night and Monday were observed
in Israel and around the world as Yom
Haatzmaut, Independence Day, as the
State of Israel observes its 42nd anniver-
sary of its founding.
This is the third birthday Israel will
celebrate in the midst of the intifada, an
uprising which now sees as many Palestini-
ans killed by one another as by Jewish
soldiers.
Largely because of the intifada, the
United States and most of the free world is
slowly escalating the pressure on the
Israelis to implement the proposal for free
elections in the territories of Gaza, Judea
and Samaria.
With only a caretaker government, Jeru-
salem has little ability to resist the
repeated calls from Washington, London,
Paris and lesser capitals.
Although the streets of the Jewish state
remain among the safest on the globe,
tourism is recovering gradually from the
intifada. Costs of keeping armed forces in
the territories continues to wreak an
increased deficit in Israel's troubled econ-
omy. And unemployment and inflation are
no lesser threats than on Yom Haatzmaut a
year ago.
Yet there is joy in the air.
The second exodus is fact. The problems
of the flights from Hungary, the growth of
anti-Semitism among the newly democratic
states of Eastern Europe and the outright
anti-Zionism of significant numbers of
influential Russians have not deferred nor
delayed thus far the flow of Soviet Jewish
emigres to Israel.
Simultaneously, sizeable numbers of olim
arrive from Ethiopia and Argentina.
Record-shattering fund raising efforts
among diaspora Jewry are underway.
Israeli Jews have moved away from early
skepticism to enthusiasm in welcoming
their new citizens.
In short, Israel is fulfilling the primary
purpose for its modern rebirth. It is a
homeland for the Jewish people, a haven
for the oppressed, a center for Judaism in
its various interpretations.
The problems of forming a new and
stable government have created an urgent
call for electoral reform. The need for a
constitution is recognized to a greater
degree. And the unity of the Jewish people
is emphasized anew as aliyah becomes more
reality than dream.
But there remain serious problems.
Although Senator Bob Dole has backed
away from his initial call for rescinding the
Congressional resolution recognizing Jeru-
salem as the undivided capital of Jerusa-
lem, the undercurrents of questioning mas-
sive aid to that country are clear and
present.
The Administration has tried to minimize
President Bush's remarks about East Jeru-
salem being part of the territories, but the
settlement 01 Jews in the Christian Quarter
of the Old City has made Bush's comments
more relevant.
This then is Israel at 42, a nation neither
at war nor at peace, but going about its
assigned task with the level of fervor that
made its establishment in 1948 a modern
miracle.
Happy Birthday, Israel.
vTTA
Arafat Meetings With
Carter, Pope Seem Related
By MARC H. TANENBAUM
Jewish Telegraphic Agency
NEW YORK The meet-
ings in early April between
Yasir Arafat and former Presi-
dent Jimmy Carter in Paris,
and Arafat's subsequent meet-
ing with Pope John Paul II in
Rome were separate events,
but I believe the U.S. and
Vatican decisions to hold the
meetings were not unrelated.
It is not generally known,
even among Jewish leadership,
that there is a close ideological
and working relationship
between the White House and
the Vatican Secretariat of
State. Close communication
took place continuously
between the United States and
the Holy See throughout the
democratic uprisings in East-
ern Europe as well as in Pan-
U.S. to Sell
Helicopters
To Israelis
WASHINGTON (JTA) -
Israel will soon buy $285 mil-
lion in U.S. arms, including
$150 million worth of missile-
carrying Apache helicopters to
defend it against enemy tanks,
an Israeli Embassy official
said.
Besides 18 AH-64 Apache
attack helicopters, the sale
would include 539 Hellfire mis-
siles; 14 spare Hellfire
launchers; 16 spare engines;
support equipment; ammuni-
tion; and U.S. maintenance
services.
The St. Louis-based McDon-
nell Douglas Co., whose Mesa,
Ariz., helicopter company
makes the Apaches,
announced the Israeli order
and said it expects to begin
delivery by the end of Septem-
i>er. Israel would be the first
foreign country allowed to buy
the Apache.
The $285 million package
would be Israel's first new
major purchase this year of
U.S. weapons. The sale is to
be paid for over several years
with U.S. foreign aid dollars
that Israel is required to spend
in the United States.
ama.
Something of that same
understanding is now operat-
ing in relation to Israel, the
Palestinians and the PLO.
Both the Bush-Baker adminis-
tration and the Vatican diplo-
mats appear determined to
help clean up the image of
Arafat and the PLO as a
means of pressing forward the
stalled Middle East negotia-
tions.
Paradoxically, the Jewish
community, as I sensed it, was
angrier over the pope's meet-
ing with Arafat in the Vatican
than it was with the Carter-
Arafat meeting in Paris, with
French President Francois
Mitterrand in attendance.
But if you read the texts of
those meetings carefully, Car-
ter's statements were far
more critical of Israel and sup-
portive of the PLO than were
the pope's.
Earlier, Carter had attacked
Israel for its "abuse" of the
human rights of the Palestini-
ans, and then Carter was
?[UOted in Paris saying, "Ara-
at was doing all he could to
promote the peace process."
The pope, on the other hand,
was more balanced and even-
handed in simply calling for
strengthening "dialogue"
between Israel and the Pales-
tinians as the only valid way to
find adequate solutions for
conflicts. The Vatican's press
statement also reiterated the
pope's rejection of violence
and terrorism.
To reduce a complex issue to
its simplest terms, I now
believe that the shifting atti-
tudes of the Bush administra-
tion will be far more critical
than the Vatican's for the
shape of Jerusalem's future
and the peace negotiations.
Indeed, it will be more import-
ant to influence the White
House first before changes will
take place in the Holy See.
Rabbi Marc H. Tanenbaum u inter-
national relations consultant to tht
American Jewish Committee.

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Friday, May 4, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 5
European Jews Warned
By RICHARD RUBIN
NEW YORK (JTA) Holo-
caust survivors warned of the
current rise of anti-Semitism
in Europe and were urged to
share the horrors of their
experiences at Yom Hashoah
ceremonies here.
More than 2,700 Holocaust
survivors and their families
filled Lincoln Center's Avery
Fisher Hall for the 47th anni-
versary of Yom Hashoah, Hol-
ocaust Remembrance Day.
The observation marked the
47th anniversary of the War-
saw Ghetto Uprising by Jewish
freedom fighters against the
Nazis. Yom Hashoah ceremo-
nies were held around the
world Sunday, including for
the first time in East Ger-
many.
Moshe Arad
With the rapid changes in
Eastern Europe, societies are
again in states of disarray,
said Benjamin Meed, president
of the Warsaw Ghetto Resis-
tance Organization.
"Again a scapegoat is
needed, and again the finger is
pointed at the Jews," Meed
said. "Everywhere the Soviet
empire has collapsed, native
nationalism replaces commun-
ism.
"We must insist the drun-
kenness of freedom does not
express itself in anti-Semitism
and anti-Zionism," he said.
Concerns about a united
Germany were raised by sev-
eral speakers.
"We survivors remember all
too well a unified Germany,"
Meed said. "From the East
and the West, including
Austria, they came to murder
us."
Moshe Arad, Israel's ambas-
sador to Washington, said it is
"symbolically moving, histori-
Arab Terrorist
Attack On Plane?
TEL AVIV (JTA) Mystery
surrounds Tass reports that a
Soviet airliner carrying Jews
to Israel was the target of a
Palestinian terrorist attack in
Cyprus.
Israeli and Cypriot authorit-
ies said they had no informa-
tion about the alleged incident.
Soviet airliners, moreover,
do not fly to Israel.
The offical Soviet news
agency reported, nonetheless,
that an Aeroflot jet carrying
Jewish immigrants to Israel
was attacked by Palestinians.
Ben Meed
cally appropriate and politi-
cally meaningful" that the new
Eastern European democra-
cies of Poland, Hungary and
Czechoslovakia have renewed
their ties with the Jewish
state, "a refuge to so many
survivors of the Holocaust."
But Arad, a Holocaust survi-
vor from Romania, called the
polices of the Soviet Union
"unsettled and contradic-
tory."
Moscow has urged Syria to
be less aggressive toward
Israel; has allowed increased
cultural, educational and com-
munal freedom for Soviet
Jews; and, most important,
has liberalized Jewish emigra-
tion.
But the increased freedoms
have been accompanied by the
rise of open anti-Semitism and
the Soviet government's con-
tinuation of supplying arms to
Syria, Iraq and Libya, Arad
said.
Bulletins
JERUSALEM (JTA) Israelis of Lithuanian origin are
demanding that Lithuania acknowledge its role during the
Holocaust before it asks world support for its declaration of
independence from the Soviet Union.
WASHINGTON (JTA) A dozen members of the House
Foreign Affairs Committee have written to President
Bush, protesting the government-sponsored tour of the
United States by a group of Russian nationalist editors that
includes three persons considered anti-Semites.
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Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, May 4, 1990
Israeli Cowboy Reigns
At Bat Ya'ar Ranch
By ELLEN ANN STEIN
Jewish Floridian Staff Writer
UPPER GALILEE -
Excuse me pardner, but did
you say this is Israel?
It was difficult to get out the
question while the jeep was in
motion.
When it finally lurched to a
halt, a storm of dust in its
wake, Avraham Nahamias
garbed in denim jeans, flannel
shirt, cowboy hat and an
American-bought .44 revolver
with shining bullits in a strap
slung across his side
grinned.
Yes pardner, it is.
Avraham Nahamias
Welcome to Bat Yaar
Ranch, 10 acres of roaming
goats, wildflowers, 15 of
Israel's 10,000 horses, a pub
with a country music band and
the place where Nahamias
enjoys the easy life while
working hard at a living.
One of Israel's newest
attractions, Bat Yaar has
mostly lured Israeli tourists
with its holiday packages of
rock climbing, horse-back rid-
ing and wilderness survival
programs.
But an increasing number of
foreigners is discovering Bat
Yaar, to sit in the log cabin pub
and take in the breathtaking
view of snow-capped moun-
tains and green rolling valley
and inhale the crisp country
air.
And one can eat a goat
cheese spread with olive oil on
warm, home-baked bread.
Bat Yaar is nestled in the
Beria Forest, about 10 miles
from the Lebanese border.
Although its beauty could be
comparable to Colorado, its
history and present-day set-
tlers lend it an unmistakably
Israeli flavor.
The Beria forest, enriched
by six million Jewish National
Fund-planted pine trees, is an
old settlement from the Tal-
mudic/Mishnaic period from
the 1st century BCE to the
fifth ceaiury CE.
After the destruction of the
Holy Temple and Jerusalem by
the Romans, many of the great
Jewish scholars settled in this
Galilee region.
Situated near the 2nd cen-
tury town of Nevariah, excava-
tions in this area have uncov-
ered ruins of one of what is
believed to be a chain of syna-
gogues that extended from Mt.
Meron near Tzefad to the
Golan Heights.
Now it is home to a less than
10-year-old settlement of 40
families, who, like Nahamias,
love nature and hard work. It
costs practically nothing
$500 for three years to rent
land, and they build their own
homes. A villa can cost about
$70,000.
Nahamias and two partners
leased the land from the gov-
ernment to develop the Bat
Yaar Ranch as a tourist attrac-
tion.
Raised on a moshav settle-
ment in the Galilee, Nahamias
can stand at the crest of Bat
Yaar and point to his birth-
place. As close to an American
version of a cowboy as they
come, he can quote the Talmud
and Torah all the while defend-
ing his preference for ranch
duds and the outdoors.
"I don't need black suits,"
he says. "I'm Jewish. I live in
Israel. I don't sit in New York
and pray for Israel. I fight for
the land. I feel it and I work
for it."
Again the jeep jars to a halt.
Nahamias points out a gazelle,
which shares the land with
coyotes, porcupines, jackels,
rabbits and wild pigs.
As the spring breeze rustles
through the trees, Nahamias
sets the mood by silence.
"Think of your growing chil-
dren in this place," he says.
The Beria forest, enriched by six million Jewish
National Fund-planted pine trees, is an old
settlement from the Talmudic/Mishnaic period
from the 1st century BCE to the fifth century CE.
Tomb Holds
Secret For Singles
AMOUKA
Israel, particularly the Gali-
lee, is filled with tombs of
saintly rabbis and scholars
where thousands of religious
Jews come to visit and say
prayers each year.
But one tomb, more than
any of the others, is visited by
single men and women who
pray to be happy and married
within a year.
During a tour of the Bat
Yaar Ranch, we stopped off at
the old settlement of Amouka,
where the tomb of Rabbi Yon-
aton ben Uziel is located.
The story is told that Uziel -
Iraqi Offer
Conditions
Rejected
JERUSALEM (JTA) A
reported offer by President
Saddam Hussein of Iraq to
dismantle his weapons of mass
destruction if Israel does the
same seemed to satisfy four of
the five U.S. senators who
held a news conference win-
ding up their fact-finding mis-
sion to the Middle East.
Only Sen. Howard Metzen-
baum (D-Ohio), the lone Demo-
crat in the group, led by Sen-
ate Minority Leader Robert
Dole (R-Kan.), was dubious of
Hussein's peaceful intentions
and in fact suggested that the
Iraqi leader suffers from a
"war psychosis."
In Washington, the Bush
administration welcomed Hus-
sein's reported offer, but not
the condition attached to it.
whose prayers were so pure
that an angel flying above him
at the time could have his level
raised never married him-
self because he didn't want a
woman disturbing his Torah
learning.
Uziel, one of 80 students of
Hillel, never fulfilled the mitz-
vah of being fruitful and multi-
plying, and it is said that his
mitzvah was passed down to
future generations.
With the curiosity of an
investigative reporter and
the hope that saying prayers
here will be heard I prayed
at Uziel's tomb.
I will let you know. E.S.
Tomb of Yonaton ben Uziel at Amouka
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Friday, May 4, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 7
Jews Seen As 'Public Face' For Ruling Class
By GLADYS DAMON
Boston Jewish Advocate
Two widely divergent mod-
els, which he called "para-
digms," have guided Jewish
beliefs and survival through-
out our history, said Michael
Lerner, founding editor of Tflc-
kun magazine, speaking at
Brandeis University HOlel.
Introduced by Brandeis
chaplain Rabbi Albert Axelrad
as "a very courageous activist
who has founded this progres-
sive magazine as a modern
guide to the perplexed," Ler-
ner proposed that the faith the
Jewish people had that they
could create a better world had
been a guiding principle, trans-
mitted by God to Moses at Mt.
Sinai.
"We are here to proclaim
the possibility of a different
logic in the universe, that
while G-d can and does govern
the universe, we are here to
say that this is possible. To
claim that is to deny a victory
to Hitler and Haman, that the
forces of evil will not control
our souls and minds.
That kind of faith has the
possibility of transforming
reality and making the Jewish
people come back to its funda-
mental mission. That. I
believe, is the power, strength
and beauty of the Jewish peo-
ple," he said.
But there are two distinctly
different paradigms, each con-
taining an element of the truth
and in sharp contrast to each
other, that have moulded Jew-
ish destiny, Lerner asserted.
One is based on the funda-
mental assumption that there
is evil and hostility in the
world which must be con-
quered or obliterated to ensure
our safety.
The other paradigm assumes
that the hurts of the past can
be overcome, in the belief of
the possibility of trust and
compassion to create a just,
peaceful and cooperative
world, he said.
"There is no reason I can't
hold both views, and people
will find some balance between
them," he continued, "but the
balance has been out of whack
in both the Jewish world and in
society as a whole. More and
more, in the course of our
history, the paradigm of love,
compassion and trust and the
possibility of transcendence
have been subordinated to the
other paradigm, the model of
hostility, danger and evil as
having a great deal of power in
High Court Ends Secret
Negotiations
JERUSALEM (JTA) The
High Court of Justice has
acted to lift the curtain of
secrecy from the political deal-
making that takes place in the
process of forming governing
coalitions.
It issued a show-cause order
instructing the major political
parties to publicly disclose the
details of their agreements
with the smaller parties.
The order was requested by
four citizen groups, which sus-
pect the secrecy surrounding
the agreements may conceal
illegalities. It was addressed
specifically to Prime Minister
Yitzhak Shamir, leader of the
Likud bloc, and Labor Party
leader Shimon Peres.
The court also demanded dis-
closure from the ultra-
Orthodox Agudat Yisrael
party and six individual Knes-
set members.
It rejected an appeal for an
interim restraining order to
prevent the formation of a new
government until the disclo-
sures have been made.
Canadian Congress Appeals Sentence
TORONTO The Canadian Jewish Congress is appeal-
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the world."
Based on G-d's message to
Moses, where he met "the
power and force of God at the
burning bush," Moses was told
to "go back and tell the people
that they could be free." That
message, Lerner said, made it
possible for them to break out
of the world of oppression, and
became the force that governs
the universe, the belief in the
possibility of freedom to live a
moral life and built a moral
world.
Yet, Lerner said, "Bringing
that fundamentally revolution-
ary message of Judaism into
the world has caused our prob-
lems because it was threaten-
ing to the ruling classes which
continued to govern, maintain-
ing class divisions.
"When the Jewish people
came along and not only broke
out of slavery, building our
whole religion around that act
every week we tell the story
and base our holidays around it
it created a lot of problems
for others, like the Romans,
who said it should not happen.
They didn't want to hear our
message of the kingdom of
God on earth and not in the
afterlife, like Christians."
This changing consciousness
resulted in three different
developments in the post-
Emancipation era: Zionism,
the creation of a state to insure
the Jews' separation from the
world, with an army which
they would need for their pro-
tection; socialist international-
ism, a political alternative; and
assimilation into class socie-
ties.
This latter achievement,
Lerner maintained, has had a
curious outcome. "Jews were
used as 'the arm and front
people' of the ruling classes,
which have cleverly manipu-
lated the role of the Jews and
made us their 'public face.'
Anger is diverted and directed
against the Jews, who get set
up to be the target of what
would be anti-capitalist hostil-
ity. Now, it becomes anti-
Semitic hostility. We play into
this by cuddling up to the
ruling class. We agree to
become part of their class rule
if they would offer to protect
us."
Citing a recent, dramatic
example of how this scenario is
NCJW Deplores Anti-Choice Legislation
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played out on the international
scene, Lerner spoke of the
relationship between the Jew-
ish community and the West.
"A large segment of Jewish
elites and the organized com-
munity bought into the Cold
War, if the U.S. would accept
Israel as its ally." But the
price of that protection, he
claimed, has been the use of
Israel as a "front" for U.S.
interests, doing its "dirty
work" in Central America and
selling arms to South Africa
and elsewhere.
"That also happened in the
17th and 18th centuries in
Poland, when Jews were used
as tax-collectors and landlords
for tie ruling class. We were
the ones with the 'public face.'
Now, it's being repeated on
the international scene with
Israel as the client state of the
U.S.," he said.
Israel holds the same funda-
mental world view of "disbe-
lief in any other logic than
fearfulness, distrust and scari-
ness that everyone is against
us and that hostility is inevita-
ble, making it impossible for
Israel to pay attention to coun-
tertendencies," Lerner stated.
"So I want to argue for a
transformation of Jewish con-
sciousness and a different par-
adigm that is actually rooted in
Jewish traditional, a model of
love, compassion, justice and
transcendence, that the world
can be healed through trust
and cooperation, that this par-
adigm involves letting go of a
certain degree of control. It
calls for sharing, mutuality
and asserting the potential of
goodness to triumph in the
world," he concluded.
- ^^0 Iff- J^iM
>.^P ^ J9 0^

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Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, May 4, 1990
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