The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County

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Material Information

Title:
The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County the voice of the Jewish community of Palm Beach County
Uniform Title:
Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1985)
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
Fred K. Shochet
Place of Publication:
West Palm Beach, Fla

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Palm Beach

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 11, no. 27 (Sept. 13, 1985)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statements conflict: Feb. 20, 1987 called no. 4 in masthead and no. 8 in publisher's statement; Mar. 31, 1989 called no. 12 in masthead and no. 13 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
"Combining Our voice and Federation reporter."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44605643
lccn - sn 00229551
ocm44605643
System ID:
AA00014309:00177

Related Items

Related Items:
Jewish Floridian
Preceded by:
Jewish Floridian (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1982)


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Full Text
THE VOICE OF
THE JEWISH
COMMUNITY OF
PALM BEACH
COUNTY
thjewish floridian
^ W OF PALM BEACH COUNTY
Volume 16 Number 8
PALM BEACH, FLORIDA FRIDAY, APRIL 20, 1990
' FrU SkocKtt
Price 40 Cents
Largest Rally Supports Electoral Reform
By HUGH ORGEL
TEL AVIV (JTA) Israelis
made clear their disgust with
current politics and disdain for
the politicians at a giant rally
for electoral reform here.
Between 100,000 and a quar-
ter-million people filled Mal-
chei Yisrael Square outside
City Hall and overflowed into
side streets, to hear speaker
after speaker condemn the
way the Knesset is chosen and
to propose changes.
They carried banners
addressed to Knesset leaders
and members reading, "We're
Fed Up With You" and
"You're All Corrupt."
According to one police offi-
cial, it was the largest public
gathering in Israel's history.
surpassing the Peace Now
rally of 1982 against the
Lebanon war.
But electoral reform is a far
less polarizing issue and seems
to transcend party politics.
The only hint of partisan
dissent was the relative abs-
ence of kipot, indicating that
the protesters were mainly
secular.
The religious parties, like all
of the smaller factions, would
probably be reduced in size and
influence if the present system
of proportional representation
is replaced by the direct elec-
tion of Knesset members.
Several Knesset members
and a few junior ministers, all
from secular parties, mingled
with the crowds, but none
addressed it.
Soviet Jewry activist Natan
But HUC Will Honor N. Y. Chief
Mayor Dinkins Defends
Jackson, Mandela, Tutu
NEW YORK (JTA) New
York Mayor David Dinkins
defended Jesse Jackson, Nel-
son Mandela and Bishop
Desmond Tutu, while at the
same time criticizing Israel for
its relations with South Africa,
in a speech on black-Jewish
relations.
"In truth, there has never
been an absolute consensus
between our two communit-
ies," Dinkins said. "What we
have had is a remarkable deg-
ree of agreement on the ends
we seek, if not always the
means by which we would
arrive at those ends."
The mayor was addressing a
select crowd of prominent
Jewish and black community
leaders, who were assembled
at Hebrew Union College to
view a new photo documentary
exhibit, "Blacks and Jews: the
American Experience. 1654-
1989."
While Dinkins made refer-
ence to the "historic alliance"
between black and Jewish
Americans including the
1909 formation of the
NAACP, the civil rights cases
of the 1940s and '50s, the '60s
marches and the deaths of
Schwerner, Chaney and Good-
man he also addressed some
of the black positions and
issues that have been sore
points in the black-Jewish rela-
tionship.
While Dinkins admitted that
Jewish apprehension over
Jackson's "Hymietown"
remarks "is understandable,"
In- said that the black politician
had "humbled himself" at the
1984 Democratic National
Convention.
|t is not productive t<> con-
tinue to raise issues for which
Reverend Jackson has apolo-
gized," the mayor said.
ZIONIST DEMONSTRATION Moscow A group of Soinet Jews each holding a placard,
protest before the Soviet foreign ministry. The Zionists demand the right of repatriation of Soviet
Jews to Israel and the right of Israeli airline El-AI to fly between Moscow and Jerusalem.
APIWide World Photo.
Dinkins noted African-
American dismay over Israel's
past relations with South
Africa, saying Israel cut its
military ties to the apartheid
regime only after objections
were raised in the United
States.
At this point in the program,
a note was passed to Paul
Steinberg, HUC vice president
and dean of faculty, from HUC
President Dr. Alfred Gotts-
chalk. It was announced after-
ward that the college would be
awarding Mandela an honor-
ary degree and would Dinkins
like to sponsor it.
"Israel can be a true 'light
unto the nations' and lead the
fight against apartheid by
imposing full sanctions and
divestment," Dinkins said.
Sharansky also spoke,
addressing his first political
gathering that had nothing to
do with Soviet Jews. He
recalled his musings during
the days when he was still a
prisoner in the Soviet Union,
when he believed he would find
a better political system when
he finally got to Israel.
Alas, "There is much still tc
be done," Sharansky said.
New Olim
Pouring In
By CATHRINE GERSON
JERUSALEM (JTA) -
Thousands of Soviet immi-
grants, who have been arriv-
ing in even greater numbers in
recent days, did have to wait
until "next year in Jerusalem"
to celebrate seder here.
More than 1,000 immigrants
from the Soviet Union arrived
here during the three days
before Passover began Mon-
day night, officials confirmed.
Few details were forthcom-
ing. For security reasons, the
Israeli authorities imposed a
blackout last month on the
exact number of new arrivals
and their routes. But flights
from Hungary, Finland and
Poland are much in evidence.
Absorption Ministry person-
nel waiting at Ben-Gurion Air-
port to process the newcomers
are also in the dark, for techni-
cal reasons.
"Not only do we not know
how many flights are arriving
each day, but we also don't
know how many passengers
the flight is carrying," said
Ephraim Cohen, director gen-
eral of the Absorption Minis-
try.
Continued on
Lithuanian Jews Cautious
NEW YORK (JTA) Lit-
huanian Jews are cautiously
supportive of the Soviet repub-
lic's declaration of independ-
ence, according to memlnrs of
an American Jewish group just
returned from there.
"They would prefer inde-
pendence," said Zumoff, a
member of the Committee for
the Kevitalization of Yiddish
and Yiddish Culture in the
Soviet Union, which organized
the mission. "I don't think
they love the Lithuanians
more. They just love the Kussi-
ans less."
Majority of Lithuanian Jews
view independence as better
for them than Soviet rule, said
Dr. Barnett Zumoff, who
spent four days in the Lithua-
nian capital of Vilnius as part
of an eight-person cultural
mission to the Soviet Union.
Some Jews have been active
in the independence move-
ment, such as Emmanuel Sin
ger. the director of the Jewish
cultural center in Vilnius and a
deputy in the Sajudis, the Lit-
huanian parliament.
JERUSALEM Prime Minister-
designate Shimon Peres calls on Jordan's
King Hussein to rejoin the Middle East
peace process.
JERUSALEM The Construction and
Housing Ministry will build 30,000 apart-
ments for new immigrants, none of them in
the administered territories.
NEW YORK Yelena Bonner, widow of
human rights activist Andrei Sakharov,
deplores recent manifestations of anti-
Semitism in the Soviet Union, but says
pogrom* are unlikely.
NEW YORK The Conservative move-
ment in Israel is about to open an institute
to assist in the conversion of non-Jews to
Judaism. The legality of its conversions is
sure to be challenged by the Orthodox
religious establishment in Israel.
THIRO CLASS
BULK RATE
U.S. POSTAGE
"AID
MCA MTOM. FIOMOA
PERMIT NO. 1083
\


Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, April 20, 1990
JERUSALEM (JTA) Only 175 immigrants have
settled in the administered territories over the last 12
months, according to an internal Jewish Agency report
leaked to Ha'aretz. An additional 1,300 immigrants have
settled in portions of Jerusalem lying beyond the Green
Line, territory formerly controlled by Jordan.
ROME (JTA) Yasir Arafat took his campaign against
Soviet Jewish aliyah to the Vatican, telling Pope John Paul
II that the massive wave of emigration would cause
"dangerous demographic changes in Jerusalem that
would "distort the historical character and civilization of
the city."
BONN (JTA) The extreme right-wing Republican
Party and 15 other reputedly neo-Nazi factions qualified to
participate in the parliamentary elections in the state of
Lower Saxony on May 13. But political observers say there
is virtually no chance any of them will receive the minimum
5 percent of the popular vote necessary for a seat in the
state Yegrsfittiire.
UNITED.^NATIONS (JTA) Israel has charged the
United Nations with "silence and passivity" on the subject
of Palestinian^Qn-Palestinian violence in the West Bank
and Gaza Strip- Claiming that between December 1987 and
March 1990, more than 200 Palestinians died at the hands
of their brethren, Israel's Ambassador Johanan Bein called
on U.N. Secretary- General Javier Perez de Cuellar to
make a "personal forceful condemnation of these despica-
ble activities."
STRASBOURG, France (JTA) The European Com-
munity's legislative body has called on the E.C.'s 12
member states to impose an arms embargo on Iraq. A
resolution introduced by the mainly left-wing factions of
the Parliament of Europe condemned the "aggressive
attitude of the Iraqi regime toward foreign countries and
toward its own population, notably the Kurdish peoples."
WASHINGTON Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard
Shevardnadze ends three days of talks with Secretary of
State James Baker showing little inclination to change
Soviet policy on the Middle East peace process, direct
flights to Israel and the renewal of diplomatic relations
with the Jewish state.
NEW YORK (JTA) Fears of anti-Semitic pogroms in
the Soviet Union are unfounded, but Jews have cause to
fear increased nationalism and populism among the Soviet
working classes, according to Dr. Elena Bonner, human
rights activist and widow of Soviet dissident Andrei
Sakharov.
LONDON (JTA) A document implying that Czar
Nicholas II was assassinated by a Jew was put on sale by
the famous Sotheby's gallery here, despite protests from
Jewish groups that it was perpetuating a discredited
anti-Semitic canard. It was withdrawn after failing to get
the minimum bid of 350,000 pounds about $370,000.
BRUSSELS (JTA) Justice Minister Melchior Wathelet
denied that Belgium has made any "pledge" to the Abu
Nidal terrorist group in exchange for the release of Belgian
nationals kidnapped by the gang two-and-half years ago.
AMSTERDAM (JTA) The 38th annual Yad Vashem
awards to Righteous Gentiles were presented here Tues-
day to 40 Dutch men and women who risked their lives to
save Jews during the Nazi occupation of Holland in World
War II. The awards are sponsored by the Yad Vashem
Holocaust Memorial in Jerusalem, and this year many were
accepted posthumously by the children or grandchildren of
honorees. 11
BONN (JTA) An official of the former Communist
regime in East Germany who found asylum in the West
confirmed that his country had been a major provider of
weapons to Israel's Arab adversaries. Alexander Schalck-
Golodkowski said East German arms were sold to Iraq,
Jordan and Egypt, and to non-Arab Iran, an
implacable foe of Israel since the fall of the Shah.
JERUSALEM (JTA) The caretaker government will
allocate $160 million for development of the Voice of
America's powerful radio transmitter in the Arava region
of the Negev. According to the acting minister of communi-
cations, David Magen, Israeli entrepreneurs will be the
beneficiaries of 60 percent of the allocation.
Jewish floridian
of Palm Baach County
ComWnlng Our Votc" and "Fadatatlon Raportar"
Ftad Shocnal
FREDK SHOCME.
Editor and Publlthar
JOAN TEGLAS
Advertising Olractor
SUZANNE SHOCHET
Exacutlva Editor
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or
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POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Tha Jewish Floridian
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For Aanrtuiaf information tall cotlocl Joaa Itrta. 306-373- IWK.
Jawiah Floridian doaa not guarantaa Kaehruth of Marchandlaa Advartlaad.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES Local Araa U Annual (2-Yaar Minimum S7.50)
Yom Ha'atzmaut Celebration
Quieter This Year
Friday, April 20, 1990
Volume 16
20 NISAN 5750
Number 8
By HUGH ORGEL
TEL AVIV (JTA) Israel is
approaching the 42nd anniver-
sary of its independence in a
troubled mood.
Preparations for the celebra-
tion of Yom Ha'atzmaut April
30 are under way, but the
joyous anticipation of past
years seems to be missing.
Of course, the traditional
Yom Ha'atzmaut events will
take place this year.
Independence Day celebra-
tions will open as in past years
with the traditional ceremony
at the Western Wall in Jerusa-
lem's Old City and 12 repre-
sentative Israelis from all
walks of life will kindle cere-
monial beacons.
The president will hold his
official reception for members
of the foreign diplomatic corps
and local leaders, and his resi-
dence will hold "Open House"
for the man-in-the-street.
But generally, there is a lack
of enthusiasm for the upcom-
ing holiday, and fewer stories
in the news media report plans
for countrywide celebrations.
Significantly, there are no
overviews of the achievements
of the past year nor a compen-
dium of hopes and expecta-
tions Israelis have for the 12
months ahead.
Looming above all the wor-
ries on the collective mind of
the nation is the problem of
forming a new government,
which began little more than a
month before Independence
Day when the Likud- Labor
unity coalition collapsed on
March 15.
The intifada, four months
into its third year, is also cause
for continuing concern and
depression.
Though Independence Day
festivals will be held in towns
and villages throughout the
country, these events are
likely to be smaller than in past
years, because security author-
ities are concerned with the
risk of terrorist attacks at
mass gatherings.
During Israel s first 25 to 30
years, military parades were a
big feature of Independence
Day but they were dropped
after a time for economic rea-
sons.
Since then, there has always
been a vocal minority insisting
that Israel display its military
might on the occasion, but
there have been no such sug-
gestions this year. The Israel
Defense Force is far too busy
suppressing the intifada in the
West Bank and Gaza Strip to
bother with dress parades.
New Olim
Continued from Page 1
He sanl the situation eased
with the installation of a new
computer system Sunday.
Meanwhile, a direct flight
from Moscow landed at Tel
Aviv last week, but it didn't
bring immigrants.
The Aeroflot jet landed with
more than 100 top Soviet ice-
skaters and a technical crew
for two weeks of performances
at the Yad Eliahu sports sta-
dium in Tel Aviv.
Even more serious than
security problems is the crum-
bling sense of unity and the
feeling that Israel on the eve of
Independence Day is a badly
divided nation.
Not only are Israelis split
politically between the left and
the right, but there is also a
major schism between the
secular majority and the
strictly observant minority.
The small ultra-Orthodox
parties, Shas and Degel HaT-
orah, which have attained dis-
proportionate political power
and dominated the headlines in
recent months are largely non-
Zionist.
They show little interest in
Independence Day, which they
stress is a non-religious, purely
national holiday. The Degel
HaTorah convention in a Tel
Aviv sports arena on March 26
was devoid of national flags
and there was no singing of
the national anthem. The
party's name means "Torah
Flag."
There are, however, groups
such as the National Religious
Party and the Gush Emunim
settlement movement, which
are fiercely nationalistic and
welcome the annual Independ-
ence Day celebrations with
special prayers in their syna-
gogues.
The country is split economi-
cally as well. The gap between
haves and have-nots is wider
than ever.
The economic imbalance has
been intensified by unemploy-
ment now running at nearly 10
percent and the financial diffi-
culties of the huge government
and Histadrut-owned enter-
prises which employ thousands
of workers.
An issue being raised this
year concerns the propriety
and advisability of the tradi-
tional linking of Memorial Day
ceremonies for Israel's war
dead and wounded with the
joyful celebration of Independ-
ence Day which comes the
next day.
The somber atmosphere of
Memorial Day followed by the
carnival atmosphere of Inde-
pendence Day has been
described by some Israelis as a
bit schizophrenic.
Many are now suggesting
that Memorial Day be
advanced a week to coincide
with Holocaust Day, in mem-
ory of the 6 million Jews killed
by the Nazis. Holocaust Day
will be observed this year on
Sunday.
But old habits and a 40-year-
old tradition are hard to break.
Proposals for a wider separa-
tion between Memorial Day
and Independence Day are
likely to remain just proposals
for many years to come.
The same patience needed to
resolve Israel's other perplex-
ing problems will have to be
applied to this issue as well.
Arab Terrorist
Attack
On Plane?
TEL AVIV (JTA)-Mystery
surrounds Tass reports that a
Soviet airliner carrying Jews
to Israel was the target of a
Palestinian terrorist attack in
Cyprus.
Israeli and Cypriot authorit-
ies said they had no informa-
tion about the alleged incident.
Soviet airliners, moreover,
do not fly to Israel.
The official Soviet news
agency reported, nonetheless,
that an Aeroflot jet carrying
Jewish immigrants to Israel
was attacked by Palestinians.
An amended version issued
later by Tass referred to an
attempted attack on an air-
craft carrying Soviet Jews on a
scheduled flight to Israel via
Cyprus.
The report said, "After clos-
ing the airport, police escorted
passengers to the port of Lim-
assol, where they took a ferry
to Israel."
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Friday, April 20, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 3
A Less Than Brave New Rock World
By DANIEL B. SYME
When I was a teenager in
the *50's and early '60s, rock
and roll was regarded in some
Quarters as "music of the
evil" that should be barred
from the airway as a threat to
sexual morality. The beat
frightened the self-appointed
guardians of decency the
rhythmic cadence, the danc-
ing, Jerry Lee Lewis' pulsat-
ing piano and of course Elvis
Presley's pelvic thrusts. Like
all of my generation, I strongly
opposed any efforts to censor
this new music.
Rock and roll thrived despite
the bluenoses. Teenagers,
determined to choose their
own music, bought records,
Eacked concerts and won the
attle to play their own songs.
Ultimately, even adults
learned to live with the slightly
suggestive lyrics and primitive
tempo if not with the high
decibel level of that era's
strange new music.
Several months ago, I began
to receive literature from a
group called the Parents'
Music Resource Center, an
organization of prominent
Americans, including Tipper
Gore, the wife of Tennessee's
Senator Albert Gore, Jr.
One announced goal of this
group was to promote legisla-
tion requiring the labeling of
record albums and audio tapes
that glamorize violence; mur-
der, suicide, rape, sado-
masochism, drugs and alcohol.
The idea was to alert parents
to the contents of the records
their teenagers were buying,
just as movie ratings serve as a
guide to appropriate films for
young people.
Recalling efforts by some
politicians and church leaders
to censor rock and roll during
my own youth, I initially
opposed the PMRC's goals, in
sympathy with the parade of
popular recording artists who
spoke out against labelling.
Then 1 took the trouble to read
the lyrics of some of the songs
to which my 11-year-old son
and his friends had been listen-
ing. I was stunned. There was
no subtlety, no masking of
intent, no double entendres.
It was all there, out front.
One title, "Bodily Dismember-
ment," by a group called Rigor
Mortis, provides foot-tapping
music to the graphic details of
an ax murder.
Another, "Welcome to the
Terrordome," contains blat-
antly anti-Semitic lyrics ("Cru-
cifixion ain't no fiction") that
revive the repulsive and histor-
ically-discredited accusation
that Jews are guilty of deicide.
It is also possible to program
your CD player with lyrics
extolling rape, substancce
abuse and racism.
I am not in favor of prohibit-
ing the distribution of such
material, as abhorrent as it
may be. But I am persuaded
that consumers have a right to
know the content of the
recordings their youngsters
buy and play. That is not cen-
sorship. It is truth in advertis-
ing full disclosure, if you
will. If people want to make
informed purchases of brutal
and obscene material, that is
their constitutional right.
SHE?
W&5
OTW-Pf
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'Spt'CMl : .nlnly ipnl.ils
tiomS750 include CDW
U$A A CANADA KtBCKV. M
MKPYMNT.: BOO-U3S77B;
IN NY: 212-1+4Q90
lit N OUHION INTl AIHPORT III AT
HI R/l IVA HAIf A JfRUSAI I M
. ASHKtlON NfTANVA Til AVIV
ASHDOD OH R SHI VA
My new awareness of the
contents of contemporary rock
music has shaken me deeply,
not only for what the songs
say, but for the world they
reflect. Mary Travers, of
Peter, Paul and Mary, has
observed perceptively that
popular music does not change
society but rather mirrors its
reality.
The group's recording of
"Blowin'in in the Wind," for
example, did not create opposi-
tion to the Viet Nam War but
served as an anthem for mil-
lions who already shared the
sentiments the song expre-
ssed. Similarly, the "acid
rock" of the late 60's and 70's
reflected the drug use, flight
from reality and preoccupation
with self that characterized
that period.
If Mary Travers' assertion
holds true today, we have a
genuine crisis in our hands.
The message is depressingly
clear. So many of our young
people have become inured to
the world of drugs, violence
and hate that they can listen or
dance to the beat of music
about dismemberment, rape or
murder apparently without
giving it another thought.
If that is so, the erosion of
values our society faces is far
more serious than any of us
has realized. It is certainly not
a problem that can be solved
by putting a label on a record-
ing or tape. But if tagging a
song for bigotry or porn or
violence will not make them go
away, it will at least raise
public consciousness to the
point of recognizing that some
people are producing this kind
of poison, selling it and making
money out of it.
Regrettably, today's parents
and the general public, if not
deaf to the problem, have at
least failed to project the conc-
ern and outrage necessary to
combat the purveyors of such
slickly-packaged sewage. Until
they do, our young people and
our society remain at risk.
Rabbi Si/me in vice president of the
Union of American Hebrew Congrega-
tion*.
AJCommittee
President Supports
Civil Rights '90 Act
WASHINGTON Sholom
D. Comay, president of the
American Jewish Committee,
urged passage of the Civil
Rights Act of 1990, saying that
the Act "is essential to achieve
the goal of a discrimination-
free workplace" and "provides
Congress with the opportunity
to rectify and respond to sev-
eral egregious decisions
handed down by the Supreme
Court during its 1988-89
term."
PLO Loyalists
Swap Gaza
GAZA (INB) Supporters
of the PLO swept to victory in
the elections to the Gaza Bar
Association. The PLO list cap-
tured six of the seven seats on
the Association's executive
council. The seventh seat was
won by a party of Islamic
fundamentalists.
A HEALTHY IDEA FROM
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Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, April 20, 1990
LURIE'S w^rl:
Earth Day's 20th Anniversary
Earth Day. Sunday, April 22.
A mere 20 years after the first observ-
ance, Earth Day has burst onto the Ameri-
can scene as a major event, something
between a holiday and a global happening.
The statistics are frightening, if not
overwhelming.
Every minute, 100 acres of tropical rain
forests disappear. Half of America's land-
fills may be full in just 10 years. Pollution
threatens more than half of the nation's
supply of drinking water.
Even as the centennial of Marjorie Stone-
man Douglas calls attention to the ongoing
threat to the Everglades, the vulnerability
of the Florida Keys to oil drilling remains
unchecked.
Congressman Larry Smith's measure to
ban such drilling deserves support from all
Floridians, not just environmentalists.
Passage of the omnibus Clean Air Act is a
good start, but there are many gaps to be
filled.
The Jewish Floridian this week under-
lines the involvement of some Jews in the
battle to save Planet Earth. Impressive as
are the stories described, they are too few
in number.
Just as the Jewish community took the
lead in the Civil Rights Movement, it must
be no less forceful in picking up the mantle
of ecology protection.
Public awareness of issues ranging from
global warming to recycling, from water
conservation to efficient energy use, all are
worthy goals of Earth Day. Establishment
of the Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) was a direct result of Earth Day
1970.
Two decades later, a partially mobilized
populace must fight against the obvious
oil spills, ozone destruction and extinction
of animals. But it must search out the less
publicized issues as well, and do battle on
all fronts.
Because saving the Earth not only is
everyone's business, it's all-out warfare.
Hadassah Helps Give Sight to Kenyans
NEW YORK (JTA) Modern miracles will be performed
in a remote section of Kenya this month, when Israeli
doctors and nurses provide the gift of sight to approxi-
mately 600 blind men, women and children. The medical
personnel, from Hadassah University Hospital in Jerusa-
lem, will perform free eye operations on sufferers of
cataracts, retinal detachment and other eye diseases.
Hillel Foundation Breaks Ground at USF
TAMPA The B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation has
formally kicked off its capital campaign for the construc-
tion of a Hillel Jewish Students Center at the University of
South Florida.
Dutch Non-Jews Promote Hebrew
AMSTERDAM (JTA) A group of some 100 Jews and
non-Jews was established here to promote the teaching of
Hebrew in Dutch high schools. The participants want to
raise modern Hebrew to the popularity of Spanish or
Russian among the languages students can elect for their
final examinations.
Soviet Jews Flock to Chicago
CHICAGO (JTA) Chicago may only hold a little over
four percent of the American Jewish population, but Soviet
Jews are emigrating here in droves. More than nine
percent of Soviet Jews immigrating to the United States
are settling in Chicago. Five thousand Soviet Jews are
expected to emigrate to Chicago during the current fiscal
year.
OMNlHNMINt COPIWUmiXlIOOUKSttNrtuB*
Iraq, Syria, Libya
Threats To Israel
By MARC H. TANENBAUM
NEW YORK (JTA) Reve-
lations of the massive chemical
warfare and growing missile
installations in Iraq, Syria and
Libya should give all Jews
and non-Jews a far more
realistic perspective of the
magnitude of the genuine
threats and challenges that
face Israel.
Preoccupation with the inti-
fada and the ups-and-downs of
the peace process between
Israel and the Palestinians
have tended to obscure the
real reasons for much of
Israel's anxieties over being
pressured to take "risks for
peace."
The Middle East today is the
most concentrated scene of
arms transfers in the entire
world. Not only do Iraq, Syria
and Libya constitute growing
and grave threats of chemical
and missile warfare against
Israel, but Saudi Arabia and
the renewed PLO concentra-
tions in Lebanon are added
weights to the mounting mili-
tary scales against the Jewish
state.
Personally, I am a moderate
and a centrist, and I want to
see cartful responsible steps
being taken to resolve the
Israeli- Palestinian issues.
But the prevalent notion,
even in some Jewish circles,
that Israel is primarily respon-
sible for intransigence in mov-
ing forward to the negotiating
table, without taking into ade-
quate reckoning the terrible
military threats that hover
over Israel, is to me not only
naive, but potentially self-
destructive.
Superpower relations in
recent weeks also raise added
anxiety. The universal eupho-
ria over the U.S.-USSR era of
glasnost is now seriously chal-
lenged by the events surround-
ing the independence move-
ment in Lithuania and other
Balkan states.
Despite the virtues of gla-
snost, which most of us wel-
come, Mikhail Gorbachev is
still capable of showing his
iron teeth. And the United
States suddenly remains
strangely passive as the Rus-
sian giant reimposes its mili-
tary dominance over small Bal
tic states.
Should we blame Israel for
hesitating, even resisting,
entering into an international
conference on Middle East
peace when the possibilities of
imposing superpower designs
is a clear and present reality?
Israel has much to resolve in
its search for peace, but there
is true fault "in the other
stars," and they need to give
concrete evidence of peaceful
intentions before the Jewish
state is expected to risk its
very existence.
Rabbi Marc H. Tanenbaum is inter-
national relations consultant to the
American Jewish Committee.
Israelis Leave Because
Of Economic Reasons
JERUSALEM (INB) Most
Israeli emigrants leave for eco-
nomic reasons, not because of
political dissatisfaction or the
Arab "intifada," according to
a new study.
Study was conducted by Mir-
iam Weiss of Columbia Univer-
sity, for the Jerusalem Center
for Public Affairs.
Contradicting claims by
some Israeli doves that the
rate of emigration has
increased because of the Arab
rioting, Weiss found that
"most Israelis who leave the
country" do so because they
"feel they have very little
opportunity for (financial) suc-
cess in Israel."
Majority of the emigrants
are males between the ages of
24 and 35, and "many have
just completed their regular
army service and have no pro-
fession," Weiss writes.
"Others have completed six-
month job training courses and
then cannot find jobs."
Many of those who even-
tually become permanent emi-
grants initially go abroad as
tourists, Weiss notes.
"When their money supply
diminishes they look for jobs
and often end up doing work
that they would never think of
doing in Israel," Weiss contin-
ues.
"As time passes, it gets har-
der and harder to return to
Israel, especially for those who
have no profession ... A great
number marry locals, become
citizens, and have children who
assimilate and often have no
Jewish education."
"Much the same is true of
graduates in the professions,"
according to Weiss. "There
are some 34,000 professionals
with second and third degrees
who are jobless since there are
not enough openings for peo-
ple of these ranks. Recently
qualified academics suffer
from lack of opportunities in
Israel due to budget cutbacks
at universities.

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Friday, April 20, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 5
Ethiopian Jews Suffer Uncertainty israel Bonds
By MITCHELL G. BARD
Editor, Near East Report
Most of the Jewish commun-
ity's attention is rightly
focused on the plight of Soviet
Jewry. It is essential to ensure
that all Jews who wish to
emigrate from the Soviet
Union are able to do so. At the
same time, the smaller, but no
less embattled, Jewish com-
munity in Ethiopia must not be
forgotten.
Five years ago, Israel and
the United States worked
together to secretly rescue
7,000 Ethiopian Jews. When
the original Israeli effort
Operation Moses was
halted, every member of the
Senate wrote to President
Ronald Reagan requesting
that he do what he could to
help in this effort. The Presi-
dent responded by dispatching
Vice President George Bush to
Sudan to help arrange the air-
lift known as Operation
Joshua.
Integration of those Ethio-
pian Jews in Israeli society is
one of the Jewish State's
greatest success stories.
Though some problems
remain, the majority of Ethio-
pians in Israel have adapted
well to living in a dramatically
different culture. Hundreds
now attend Israeli universities
and serve in the army while
thousands more contribute to
the Israeli economy by their
much-admired work ethic.
Biggest problem Ethiopian
George Bush played a key role in saving Jewish
lives five years ago. He is in an even better
position to do so again.
Jews in Israel face is psycholo-
gical the uncertainty of the
fate of their families and the
guilt of having left them
behind. As many as 15,000
Jews most women, children,
and the elderly were unable
to be rescued. Some 1,600 chil-
dren in Israel, orphaned by
circumstances, have parents
trapped in Ethiopia.
Ethiopia's leader, Mengistu
Haile Mariam, agreed at the
end of last year to allow family
reunification, but this has not
yet occurred. Israel just reo-
pened its embassy in Addis
Ababa after restoring rela-
tions severed in 1973. It is
hoped this improvement in dip-
lomatic ties will facilitate the
immigration of Ethiopia's
remaining Jews.
Meanwhile, about 3,000
Jews have moved to the Ethio-
pian capital in the hope they
will be allowed to leave. These
Jews have little or no money,
no jobs, and difficulty finding
food and shelter. And they
may be the lucky ones. Most of
the other Jews are trapped in
regions that are either war
zones or already occupied by
rebel troops.
Ethiopia's Jews have always
been persecuted by their
superstitious neighbors who
believed they possessed the
"evil eye" because they were
involved in crafts that other
Ethiopians eschewed. Today,
the government is trying to
combine small villages into lar-
ger towns, thereby breaking
up family structures, separat-
ing Jews from their homes,
and encouraging assimilation.
The United States and Ethi-
opia had been allies, but
Jimmy Carter severed rela-
tions with the Marxist govern-
ment because of Mengistu's
abysmal human rights record.
Mengistu is now fighting to
save his regime and has
appealed to the United Sates
to improve relations. He
claims his Marxism was a con-
version of convenience necessi-
tated by the U.S. action that
forced him to turn to the Sovi-
ets for help. The Soviet Union
has now turned its back on
him.
The United States is reluc-
tant to improve relations with
Mengistu because of continu-
ing human rights violations.
But there is no love here for
the Eritrean rebels either.
They are supported primarily
by Arab states, including
Libya and Saudi Arabia. The
Arabs object to Mengistu
because his government is not
Rochester Plans Wedding 'To End All'
NEW YORK Rochester
may not have the tumultuous
waterfalls, ever-ready justices
of the peace or tacky hotels
like its neighbor city, Niagara
Falls, but this year, it may be
offering the best wedding gala
in New York state.
Providing a young couple
with all the accoutrements of a
traditional, halachic Jewish
wedding, the Rochester Jew-
ish Folk Arts Festival this
month announced plans for a
gigantic all- expenses-paid
June wedding party to be
attended by what they hope
will be a crowd of 35,000 peo-
ple.
Replete with klezmer bands,
chupahs, a rabbi and a cantor,
hand-painted ketubot, flowers,
wine, 11 entertainment
groups, eight food caterers
and a honeymoon night in
Rochester's finest Stouffer's
Hotel, the festival committee
says they are offering the
opportunity for a "wedding to
end all weddings."
IRON CURTAIN bCRAPPED BONN SHU tmrt qfth* Iron Curtain dividing Europe U
trapped as GDR border guards take doum the fence that used Co nark the mtra-Gerrnanborderat
" new crossing-point between Hesse. Federal Republic of Germany. andThunngxa GDR The
Federal government in Bonn is taking care to ensure that German unification tallies with the
interests of neighbouring European countries. Photo: DaDldpa
Muslim and is an impediment
to their goal of making the Red
Sea an Arab lake (Israel is a
bigger obstacle).
Members of Congress,
including the 40 senators and
90 representatives who belong
to the Congressional Caucus
for Ethiopian Jewry, believe
Mengistu must take concrete
steps to protect human rights
in his country before U.S.-
Ethiopian ties can be
improved. One such step would
be to fulfill his humanitarian
commitment to allow the reun-
ification of Jewish families.
George Bush played a key
role in saving Jewish lives five
years ago. He is in an even
better position to do so again,
both in the case of Ethiopian
and Soviet Jews. For the
American Jewish community,
the saving of these lives is a
mitzvah of the highest order
and an invaluable means of
strengthening Israel.
Emergency
Campaign On
CHICAGO State of Israel
Bonds is launching an emer-
gency campaign as well as a
new bond issue in an effort to
raise an additional $100 million
for the resettlement of Soviet
Jews in Israel.
45 Bonds local campaign
chairmen representing com-
munities in the United States
and Canada met here last
month to launch "Operation
Aliyah" to enroll Israel Bond
purchases in the $100,000 cat-
egory.
A new $100 millioh issue of
State of Israel Zero Coupon
Dollar Savings Bxjnds, called
the Infrastructure and
Absorption Issue, is being
offered for that purpose.
The new bond will be added
to other offerings by the Bond
Organization.

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Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, April 20, 1990
News Roundup
French Racists Arouse ADL Fears
New York Recent anti-Semitic articles and personal
vilification of French Jews by the far right, racist Front
National (FN) have raised new concern in the French
Jewish community, according to a report distributed by the
Anti-Defamation League.
B'B Canada Urges Passage of Get Bill
OTTAWA (JTA) A senior delegation of B'nai Brith
Canada, seeking to curtail abuses of withholding the get, or
Jewish divorce, appeared before a committee of legislators
in Ottawa to urge passage of Bill C-61. The bill would
prevent a Jewish spouse from withholding a get from a
partner as a bargaining tool to gain advantages in
monetary settlements and/or custody agreements.
Young Judea Names New Director
NEW YORK Rabbi Glenn Karonsky has been appoin-
ted national director of Young Judaea, the national Zionist
youth group sponsored by Hadassah, the Women's Zionist
Organization of America. He succeeds Irv Widaen.
Black Reps Drop Idea to Slice Aid
SAN FRANCISCO (JTA) Ten members of the Con-
gressional Black Caucus have backed off from their
proposal to cut U.S. foreign aid to Israel to provide more
funds for Africa and the Caribbean. When the caucus
completed its budget and presented it to the House Budget
Committee, Israel's full $3 billion allocation was intact.
Unification Holds Up Reparations
BONN (JTA) European Jewish circles seem to be in
agreement that the question of East German reparations
to Holocaust victims should be held in abeyance until
German unification is effected.
Montreal Jewish Cemetery Desecrated
MONTREAL (JTA) For the second time in seven
months, a Jewish cemetery has been vandalized in Mon-
treal, and local Jewish officials hold neo-Nazi Skinheads
responsible. Swastikas and slogans were spray-painted on
headstones in the Baron de Hirsch Cemetery.
Argentina Plans to Extradite Suspect
NEW YORK (JTA) Accused Nazi war criminal Jozef
Schwammberger, ordered extradited from Argentina, will
be handed over to West German authorities May 3,
according to Manuel Tenenbaum, director of the Latin
American Branch of the World Jewish Congress.
E.C. Mostly Aligns with Arabs
BONN (JTA) The European Community differs only
slightly from the Arab position on Israeli settlements in the
West Bank and Gaza Strip, according to Gerard Collins,
the foreign minister of Ireland, who currently chairs the
E.C.'s Council of Ministers.
Canadian Journalists Score Publisher
MONTREAL (JTA) A French-Canadian press tycoon
who admires Adolph Hitler was accused by a professional
journalists association here of skirting Canada's anti-hate
laws.
OSI Seeks Witnesses to Nazi Crimes
NEW YORK (JTA) The U.S. Justice Department has
asked the World Jewish Congress for help in locating
witnesses to war crimes committed by the Nazis and their
collaborators in Poland between 1941 and 1942.
JNF to Reclaim Land for Soviet Jews
NEW YORK A joint communique issued from Jerusa-
lem by Moshe Rivlin, JNF world chairman, and from New
York by Ruth W. Popkin, JNF president, and Dr. Samuel I.
Cohen, JNF executive vice president, announced the
inception of "Operation Promised Land," a campaign to
raise funds needed to reclaim land in the Galilee, Jerusalem
and Negev regions for the absorption of thousands of
Soviet Jews emigrating to Israel.
Joan Bronk Elected President of NCJW
New York Joan Bronk of Teaneck, N.J. was elected
President of the National Council of Jewish Women at the
organization's 38th national convention in St. Louis.
E. German Teens Fear Neo-Nazism
BONN (JTA While significant numbers of East
German teen-agers share views of the far right, nearly
two-thirds worry about neo-Nazism, according to a govern-
ment-sponsored study published in the East Berlin newspa-
per Berliner Allgemeine.
Gorbachev Statement
On Anti-Semitism Debated
NEW YORK (JTA) Soviet
President Mikhail Gorbachev,
addressing a meeting of the
Communist Youth League in
Moscow, has made what is
believed to be his first public
statement condemning anti-
Semitism.
Leaders of Soviet Jewry
advocacy groups responded to
the long-awaited statement in
mixed fashion, some welcom-
ing it, but others saying it
minimized or only partially
addressed the problem.
Gorbachev's long-awaited
remark came quietly, in
response to a question posed in
Iraqi Offer
Conditions
Rejected
JERUSALEM (JTA) A
reported offer by President
Saddam Hussein of Iraq to
dismantle his weapons of mass
destruction if Israel does the
same seemed to satisfy four of
the five U.S. senators who
held a news conference win-
ding up their fact-finding mis-
sion to the Middle East.
Only Sen. Howard Metzen-
baum (D-Ohio), the lone Demo-
crat in the group, led by Sen-
ate Minority Leader Robert
Dole (R-Kan.), was dubious of
Hussein's peaceful intentions
and in fact suggested that the
Iraqi leader suffers from a
"war psychosis."
In Washington, the Bush
administration welcomed Hus-
sein's reported offer, but not
the condition attached to it.
The senatorial junketeers
visited Egypt, Jordan and
Syria before coming to Israel.
But it was their unscheduled
side trip Thursday to Iraq
reportedly arranged by Presi-
dent Hosni Mubarak of Egypt
which aroused greatest
interest.
That was possibly because
Hussein shocked the world
with a threat to destroy "half
of Israel" with chemical weap-
ons in his arsenal.
Moscow at the 21st annual
congress of Komsomol, the
Communist youth movement
of the Soviet Union.
Asked what measures he
intended to take in response to
"abnormal conditions of life
and activities of Jews in the
Soviet Union" because of anti-
Semitism, Gorbachev replied,
"I believe that we ought not to
allow raging of nationalism,
chauvinism, anti-Semitism or
any other 'isms' to occur."
"It is necessary to take the
path of harmonizing intereth-
nic relations, to set up legal,
economic and social prerequis-
ites for people of all ethnic
groups," wherever they live,
he said. "There is no other way
that I know of."
A copy of the statement was
forwarded by Yuri Dubinin,
Soviet ambassador to the
United States, to Rabbi
Arthur Schneier, president of
the Appeal of Conscience
Foundation, an interfaith
group that promotes religious
freedom in Soviet bloc coun-
tries and other nations that
experience any religious
repression.
AJCommitee Charges
Church Council With Bias
NEW YORK The Ameri-
can Jewish Committee
charged that a "Prayer From
Jerusalem," composed by the
Middle East Council of
Churches and intended for use
on Palm Sunday, is a thinly
veiled attack on the State of
Israel in liturgical form.
The AJC asserted that the
use of the "Prayer" in
churches during the Christian
Holy Week would inject a divi-
sive and polarizing element
into such services.
The MECC is composed of
24 Middle Eastern church bod-
ies, and since its founding in
1974, the Council has reflected
a consistent anti-Israel posi-
tion.
Rabbi A. James Rudin, the
AJC's interreligious affairs
director, and Judith H. Banki,
the Committee's associate
interreligious affairs director,
declared: "We believe this
prayer, which has been distri-
buted to many American
churches by the National
Council of Churches, transmits
a strong anti-Israel bias. The
'Prayer from Jerusalem'
makes the reckless and unjus-
tified claim that Palestinian
Arabs are being deprived of
their 'very right to life' by
Israel. Such language implies
that the physical destruction of
the Palestinian community is
the goal of policy of Israel.
This is a malicious slander."
i Newscene----------------------------------------------------------------------
German Firms Searched in Gas Probe
BONN (JTA) Two more West German firms are under
investigation for helping Libya manufacture poison gas,
the state prosecution in Stuttgart confirmed.
In this case, the firms, Abacus and Rose, are being
investigated for attempting to buy and send computer
components to Libya.
U.S. Opposition to PLO Renewed
GENEVA (JTA) The Arab bloc, preparing for a new
drive to have the Palestine Liberation Organization accep-
ted as a full member state by the World Health Organiza-
tion, will run into the same stony opposition from the
United States that foiled its efforts last year.
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Double-Edged Sword
Friday, April 20, 1990/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 7
High Costs Of Living 'Jewish Life' Questioned
NEW YORK High costs
of living a Jewish life includ-
ing synagogue affiliation, Jew-
ish education, and Jewish soci-
alization experiences such as
travelling to Israel often act
as a doubled-edged sword
within the Jewish community:
a disincentive to affiliatiion for
"marginal" Jews and a pen-
alty for those families who are
very committed although it
may leave them financially
insecure.
This was the major conclu-
sion that evolved from a recent
day-long consultation spon-
sored by the American Jewish
Committee, to examine the
significance of cost and affor-
dability on Jewish communal
involvement and to begin to
develop creative policies to
eliminate some of the barriers
that exist.
Consultation brought
together leading sociologists,
demographers and communal
professionals including: Dr.
Gerald Bubis, Hebrew Union
College Jewish Institute of
Religion, and chair of the
AJC's William Petschek
National Jewish Family Cen-
ter; Dr. Murray Friedman,
Mid Atlantic director, Ameri-
can Jewish Committee; Dr.
Barry Chiswick, University of
Illinois; Dr. Barry Kosmin,
Council of Jewish Federations;
Dr. Bernard Reisman, Horn-
stein Program, Brandeis Uni-
versity; Dr. J. Allen Winter,
Connecticut College; and Dr.
Jack Ukeles, Ukeles Associ-
ates.
Rabbi Aryeh Meir of AJC's
Jewish Communal Affairs
Department coordinated the
consultation.
A study of Jewish affiliation
costs in Philadelphia, con-
ducted by Dr. Rela Geffen
Monson and Dr. Ruth Pinken-
son Feldman, both of Gratz
College, served as a data base
for the consultation. Many of
the participants noted that
there is a strong need to pene-
trate the consciousness of lay
and professional Jewish lead-
ership to direct social policy
and economic assistance not
only to the poor but also to the
middle class.
Dr. Ukeles stressed that the
Jewish community is unde-
rserving the "partially
engaged" to whom the issue of
cost is a serious roadblock, and
poorer Jews who should not be
forced to "trade off their Jew-
ish affiliation for decent nutri-
tion and clothing.
"The issue at hand is what is
right, what is Jewish," he said.
"The institutions of our com-
munity should be accessible to
all and at this time, they are
not. What we lack is a system
for setting fees which is fully
equitable. Such a system
should be based on income,
assets and family size."
Dr. Bubis said that "being a
Jew, in a serious way, involves
a serious financial commit-
ment. So much of what deter-
mines Jewish life today is eco-
nomic."
He continued that the Jew-
ish community is in a conflict
over how priorities should be
set in terms of allocations:
dollars for the elderly, dollars
for Jewish education, dollars
for Israel. All are high priori-
ties.
Among his proposed policy
suggestions:
Jewish organizations
should work together toward
the systematic establishment
of a more equitable method for
determining the fair share
based on income, assets and
family configuration;
Establish a system of
American Jewish Bonds in
which people could invest capi-
tal in the Jewish future to be
used to fund Jewish communal
life;
Communities should estab-
lish local "think-tanks" to
develop creative strategies
and workable policies for their
areas.
As long as the approach con-
tinues to be fees for services, it
is inevitable that the highest
priority will be dollar-raising
and the lowest priority will be
Jew-raising," said Dr. Bubis.
Synopsis Of The Weekly Torah Portion
"These shall ye not eat of them the camel the rock-badger
the hare the swine they are unclean to you"
(Lev. H.4-8).
SHEMINI
SHEMINI On the eighth day of their consecration, Aaron and
his sons offered sacrifices for themselves and the people, at
Moses' command. Then Moses and Aaron came out of the tent of
meeting, blessing the people. The glory of God appeared; a fire
from Heaven consumed the burnt-offering on the altar. At the
sight, the people cried out and fell on their faces. Nadab and
Abihu, Aaron's sons, offered "strange fire" on the altar; a fire
issued forth and devoured them. Aaron held his peace.
The priests are commanded not to drink wine or strong drink
when entering the tent of meeting "that ye may put difference
between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and
the clean" (Leviticus 10.10).
The portion details the laws describing cleanliness and unclean-
liness in regard to the eating of animate, fowl*, and fish.
(The recounting of the Weekly Portion o the Law is extracted and
based upon "The Graphic History of the Jewish Heritage,'' edited by
P Wollman-Tsamir, published by Shengold. The volume is available
at 45 West 45 Street, New York, NY 10036 (212) 246-6911.)
Dr. Chiswick suggested a
retructuring of fees by remov-
ing high up-front fees in the
early years of Jewish involve-
ment, when money might be
tightest for the family, and
subsidies that would be tar-
geted to activities where the
impact on Jewishness is great-
est for the family, namely,
early child-care and day
schools. Additionally, Dr. Chi-
swick urged Jewish leadership
to reconsider their longstand-
ing policy of opposing aid for
private Jewish education for
reasons of church/state separ-
ationism.
Dr. Steven Bayme, direc-
tor of AJC's Jewish Communal
Affairs Department spoke of
the "ethos of affluence" within
the Jewish community.
"Jewish values have never
been opposed to affluence, per
se," he said. "However, one of
our biggest challenges is to
build a community whose
ethos does not revolve totally
around affluence and thereby
excludes the economically dis-
advantaged."
"To insure Jewish continu-
ity, Jewish education, as a spe-
cific example, cannot be con-
sidered a luxury item. The real
problem confronting Jewish
day schools is not personnel
the issue that is usually dis-
cussed but rather the capac-
ity of middle class parents to
afford this type of schooling.
"Jewish leadership must rec-
ognize the need to target social
policy toward special Jewish
subpopulations the near
poor, single parents and mutli-
child homes."
Dr. Friedman indicated that
"the Jewish community is fac-
ing a quiet but no less signifi-
cant crisis involving its future
in this country that has to be
recognized as threatening as
earlier and present-day
assaults on Jewish safety and
security. How we adjust our
constitutions to this threat will
be a measure of our creativity
in developing a viabie Jewish
life in the coming years."
JOURNALIST HONORED BONN A chanty founded by
journalist Charlotte Petersen in the late 1950s helps survivors of
Wapniarka concentration camp. For her exemplary commitment
to justice and humanity Frau Petersen, 86, is seen being
presented with the Buber-Rosenzweig medal by Eckhard von
Nordhein, president of the Society for Christian-Jewish Coopera-
tion. Photo: DaD/dpa

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Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, April 20, 1990
Israel Ever-Changing Magnet For All Tourists
By ELLEN ANN STEIN
Jawiak Ftiiridian Staff Wrih r
Our rabbi always says on the
Sabbath, an extra soul enters
us and for that day we are
elevated to the highest level.
For this American visitor,
each day in Israel gave that
feeling.
Poets can sing its praises
and artists capture its beauty,
but there is something about
the Jewish state that exceeds
words and physical grasp.
Perhaps no where else on
earth can the politics be as
chaotic, the problems as over-
whelming, the burdens as
heavy, yet the unity in an
indescribable way be as
strong.
As a short-term visitor to
Israel it is impossible to under-
stand what it is like to live the
daily life of an Israeli.
It is especially difficult
because from a tourist's per-
spective, Israel lives up to its
motto: "Come to Israel, Come
Stay With Friends." Eretz
Yisrael becomes your home,
the people your hosts. And like
a gracious host, it tucks away
its problems as best as
possible and brings out its
finest.
My recent visit to Israel
coincided with the first day of
spring. Wildflowers of every
shape, size and the most bril-
liant colors turned the country
into a Van Gogh palate.
It remains hard to grasp how
a country just a little larger
than the state of New Jersey
can offer a taste of geography,
climate, religion, archeological
sites, botany, food and culture
that one would almost have to
zig-zag the world to otherwise
find.
In less than three hours, one
can leave the lush green moun-
tainous Galilee in the north,
cross the Negev desert and
arrive at the Dead Sea, the
lowest elevation on earth.
In less time than that, one
can stop at Jericho, the oldest
city in the world, and arrive at
development towns and new
settlements built just within
the past decade. Or better yet,
stand in one spot and look
upon thousands of years of
ancient cities whose various
layers have been uncovered in
archeological digs.
Jerusalem is a keen example
of the gentrification process
underway in Israel. Just last
month, bulldozers began clear-
ing land across from the Jaffa
Gate, one of the entrances into
the walled Old City, for what
officials are calling the single
most ambitious development
project to date.
For 20 years plans were
drafted and redrafted until the
project was accepted by Jeru-
salem city officials. Slated to
include a major hotel, shopp-'
ing mall, restaurants and cafes
and extremely expensive
apartments, the project is
expected to give the area an
important economic injection.
Yet, officials claim, it will be
constructed in such a way that
it will not ruin the flavor of old
Jerusalem.
Israelis who live under
constant threat of attack from
hostile Arab neighbors none-
theless forge ahead with the
toil and sweat and energy that
has given unparalleled sophis-
tication to a country preparing
to celebrate its 42nd birthday.
They are more than willing to
share the fruits of their labors,
and not surprisingly, are con-
fused by potential visitors,
particularly their Jewish
brethren, who stay away
because of safety concerns.
There is no denying that it
would not be wise to drive into
a turbulent Arab village
even though drivers will take
you there or pick flowers on
the Syrian or Lebanese bor-
der, particularly in the times of
the Intifada or Arab uprising.
Arabs Told To Threaten U.S. Mid East Interests
JERUSALEM (INB) The
Egyptian government-
controlled newspaper Al Akh-
bar has urged the Arab world
to "threaten U.S. interests in
the Middle East."
In a strongly-worded edito-
rial,.Al Akhbar called on Arab
states to adopt a more militant
posture in order to compel the
U.S. to forcce Israel to make
territorial concessions.
"By creating Israel in 1948,
the United States and the
Soviet Union tried to gain
control of the Middle East,"
the editorial asserted. "The
U.S. has always supplied Israel
with arms and aid, making it
stronger than all the Arab
states combined."
Therefore, the editorial con-
tinued, "it is surprising that
the Arabs continue to deceive
themselves and hope that the
U.S. will help them to restore
the stolen rights of the Pales-
tinians The time has come
for the Arabs to realize that
only their own strength will
restore their ownership
rights." Those rights, the Al
Akhbar editorial declared,
"will be restored when Israel
and the U.S. realize that the
Arabs have the force enabling
them to threaten the Israeli
presence and U.S. interests in
the region."
"U.S. policy only strives to
gain time for Israel," the edi-
torial complained. "This is
reflected by the dozens of
envoys sent by the U.S. to the
states of the region during the
past twenty years, without
even a sign of hope appearing
that Israel might be ready to
surrender the territories it
conquered in 1967, and with-
out any effort being made to
compel Israel to implement
United Nations resolutions."
"The Arabs must under-
stand that force is the only
way to regain their rights," Al
Akhbar concluded.
Meanwhile, a second edito-
Reform Body Issues Russian Prayer Book
Soviet Jewish immigrants
with limited knowledge of
Hebrew or English can now
participate in Friday evening
services with the help of a
booklet containing a model
service in Hebrew, English
and Russian.
House Approves
Loan Guarantee
WASHINGTON (JTA) -
The House of Representatives
approved $400 million in inv-
estment guarantees to provide
housing loans for newly
arrived Soviet emigres in
Israel.

The $400 million was con-
tained in a $2.4 billion supple-
mental appropriations bill for
this fiscal year, which began
Oct. 1. President Bush
requested the bill, which also
includes emergency aid for
Nicaragua and Panama.
The bill, which was approved
362*59, also contains $3?i mil-
lion to help Jewish groups
bring Soviet .lews to the
United States or resettle them
in Israel.
The 63-page publication, a
work first published 10 years
ago, has been reissued by the
Union of American Hebrew
Congregations, central body of
Reform Judaism in North
America.
The model service, including
the candle-lighting ceremony
that ushers in the Sabbath, is
designed to introduce Soviet
arrivals to Reform Jewish lit-
urgy. w'th which few of them
are familiar.
The booklet explains that
while the basic structure of the
service is similar to the tradi-
tional format, a minyan is not
needed for such a service and a
rabbi need not be present,
since it can be conducted by a
lay person.
Republication of the booklet
is part of an intensive effort by
the Reform movement to
"reach out" to new arrivals.
Rabbi Alexander M. Schin-
dler, president of the UAHC,
criticized the failure of congre-
gations to do a more effective
job of bringing Soviet immi-
grants into American Jewish
religious and communal life.
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rial in Al Akhbar argued that
Egypt's strategic planning for
the 1990s should be based on
the principle that "the Arab
nation is in a fateful conflict
with Israel."
Endorsing the views of
Egyptian researcher Col.
Ahmed Abd el-Halim, Al Akh-
bar pointed out that "the chal-
lenges to Egyptian national
security are both internal and
external," and one of the most
important of the external chal-
lenges is "the Israeli chal-
lenge." It did not further
explain what that "challenge"
consists of.
Israelis point out that such
precautions would be the same
as avoiding certain neighbor-
hoods in New York or Miami.
But that aside, they maintain
Israel's crime rate is much
lower than in America.
On the Sabbath, I didn't hes-
itate to walk by myself from
my hotel some 30 minutes to
the Western Wall and found
thousands of others doing the
same. After Sabbath, cafes
and shops open and in a city
where automobiles are a lux-
ury, there is comparatively
more pedestrian traffic after
10 p.m. than in downtown
Miami on lunch hour.
This was my third visit to
Israel and each was different. I
am convinced that one could
visit Israel 100 times and not
see it the same way twice.
This visit, in addition to cov-
ering the Greater Miami Jew-
ish Federation's Mission 1000,
1 had a chance to tour some of
Israel's newest excavations
and attractions, which I will be
writing about in coming
weeks.
2 Jewish Governors
Will Not Run Again
WASHINGTON (JTA) -
Madeleine Kunin, the first Jew
and first woman to serve as
governor of Vermont, has
announced that she will not
run for a fourth two-year
term. The only other Jew pres-
ently serving as governor,
Neal Goldschmidt, also has
announced he will not seek
re-election, after serving one
four-year term as Oregon's
chief executive.
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KUTSHER'S
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