The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County


Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County the voice of the Jewish community of Palm Beach County
Uniform Title:
Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1985)
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Fred K. Shochet
Place of Publication:
West Palm Beach, Fla


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Palm Beach


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 11, no. 27 (Sept. 13, 1985)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statements conflict: Feb. 20, 1987 called no. 4 in masthead and no. 8 in publisher's statement; Mar. 31, 1989 called no. 12 in masthead and no. 13 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
"Combining Our voice and Federation reporter."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44605643
lccn - sn 00229551
System ID:

Related Items

Related Items:
Jewish Floridian
Preceded by:
Jewish Floridian (Palm Beach, Fla. : 1982)

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Full Text
Happy Chanukah!
"Jewish floridian
Volume 15 Number 33
Price 40 Cents
USSR, Poland Set For Israel Exports
Soviet Union and Poland are
shaping up as serious markets
for Israeli exports.
Agriculture Minister Avra-
ham Katz-Oz returned from
Moscow this week, after sign-
ing a series of agreements
with Soviet officials, including
a deal for Israeli agricultural
products to be shipped this
Vice Premier Shimon Peres,
who returned from a visit to
Poland, told the Cabinet that
the Poles want to improve
trade with Israel in the fields
of telecommunications, avia-
tion, medical technology and
They are willing to sign a
host of economic and trade
agreements, said Peres, who
serves as finance minister. He
predicted bilateral trade with
Poland would quickly rise to
$50 million, double its current
Katz-Oz was the first Israeli
Cabinet minister to visit the
Soviet Union since the Krem-
lin broke diplomatic relations
with Israel during the 1967
Six-Day War.
He told reporters that
Agrexco, the agricultural mar-
keting board, will send an ini-
tial shipment of 90,000 tons of
Israeli fruit and vegetables,
valued at $30 million, to the
Soviet Union.
Produce will be carried in
Soviet ships and cargo aircraft
that will call in Israel.
Women Win Right To Conduct Service
right of Jewish woman to pray
where and how they choose,
within the bounds of halacha,
or religious law, made a signi-
ficant advance this week
against determined opposition
by the ultra-Orthodox religious
A Jerusalem magistrates
court decided that a group
called Women of the Wall
could hold prayer services at
the Laromme Hotel in Jerusa-
The Jerusalem Religious
Council had threatened to
revoke the hotel's kashrut
license if it allowed them to do
The group, organized a year
ago during the First Interna-
tional Jewish Feminist Confer-
ence, also held a women's
Rosh Chodesh (New Moon)
prayer service at the Western
It went off smoothly, despite
rabbinical and judicial
restraints pending a decision
by the High Court of Justice on
whether the women may con-
duct organized prayer services
at the Wall, known in Hebrew
as the Kotel.
There was no intervention
by female orderlies employed
by the Orthodox-controlled
Religious Affairs Ministry to
keep the worshipers under sur-
But the women were less
successful in getting a court
injunction against the hotel to
reverse its cancellation of a
Torah scroll dedication cere-
mony to have been held there
this week.
The ceremony was scheduled
months in advance. The Religi-
ous Council intervened at the
last minute.
The hotel management, fear-
ing it would lose its kosher
certification, succumbed to the
pressure. The dedication cere-
mony was held instead in the
gymnasium of a nearby school.
The Torah scroll was don-
ated by the International Com-
mittee for Women at the
Kotel, a support group of some
500 Jewish women from the
Diaspora, many of them religi-
ously observant.
A delegation of 30 women
came to Israel under the aus-
pices of the American Jewish
Congress to present the Torah
to the Israeli group.
AJCongress reacted angrily
to the obstructionism of the
Orthodox religious authorities
in Jerusalem.
Henry Siegman, the organi-
zation's executive director,
issued a statement in New
York, saying, "It is sad that
the rabbinate in Israel should
not hesitate to resort to such
ugly tactics to deny Jews the
privilege of dedicating a Torah
The failure of the hotel to
permit the dedication cere-
mony did not prevent the
group from conducting a
Torah procession through the
streets of Jerusalem on Mon-
day evening.
About 100 women and a
handful of men marched from
the hotel to the Yemen Moshe
quarter, where the women
recited evening prayers under
a balmy autumn skyscape
within sight of Mount Zion.
Torah processions are a
familiar sight in Jerusalem.
But in this case, it was women
who were carrying the scroll
and female voices singing the
traditional Hebrew hymns.
The only discordant note
was struck by a solitary Ortho-
dox woman bystander, who
shouted, "You're a bunch of
weirdos," as the group stood
The Torah will be housed
with the liberal Orthodox
Yedidya congregation, in the
Baka neighborhood of Jerusa-
lem, and will be used in the
women's monthly Rosh Cho-
desh services.
Women of the Wall scrupu-
lously observes both halachic
injunctions and the orders of
the High Court, where its case
is still under judicial considera-
The Rosh Chodesh services
Tuesday at the Western Wall
Continued on Page 2
East Germans Asked
To Return Property
BONN (JTA) East Ger-
many's newly founded Green
Party has urged the authorit-
ies to return property confis-
cated from the Jews by the
Nazis before and during World
War II.
The left-wing, environmen-
talist Greens emphasized that
the Jews' property had never
been returned to its owners
despite the anti-fascist rhet-
oric spouted by the old Com-
munist leadership.
The demand comes amid the
most revolutionary changes in
the German Democratic
Republic, whose entire Com-
munist leadership resigned
this week.
Even before this, the
changes in East Germany in
the last month, culminating in
the crumbling of the Berlin
Wall, convinced the country's
tiny Jewish community it was
time to assert itself.
The community, or
Gemeinde, demanded that the
authorities tell the truth about
anti-Semitic incidents that
have taken place in the coun-
try. The Jewish community
also has asked that textbooks
used in schools tell the story of
the Stalinist persecution of the
Jews in the early years of East
German history.
ier Shimon Peres, left, meets Poland Prime Minister Tadeusz
Mazowiecki. The Polish Foreign Ministry has informed Peres
that diplomatic relations will be restored between the two nations
early next year. AP/Wide World Photo.
Intifada Second Anniversary
Sees Uprising Continue
Some of the worst violence in
the Palestinian uprising is tak-
ing place where the intifada
first began two years ago: in
the Gaza Strip.
A 17-year-old Palestinian,
Nasser al-Kejek of Gaza,
became the 626th mortality of
the intifada Tuesday, just four
days short of its second anni-
According to officials at the
Ma'amadani Hospital in Gaza,
the youth was fatally wounded
by a plastic bullet in his chest,
fired by Israeli security forces
dispersing stone-throwers.
The Israel Defense Force
said it was investigating the
At the same time, a 10-year-
old Arab boy was rushed to
Ahli Hospital in Gaza, with a
gunshot wound in his head.
Arab sources said 15 demon-
strators were wounded in riot-
ing throughout the territory
Bezelem, the Israeli Infor-
mation Center for Human
Rights in the Occupied Terri-
tories, reported that about 132
Arab children under the age of
17 have been shot and killed
since the uprising began. They
include 37 children under the
age of 13.
In addition, 43 Israelis have
died as a result od intifada-
related violence.
Tension rose in the Gaza
Strip after the IDF destroyed
a Palestinian gang operating
in the Nablus area of the West
Bank, killing its top leaders
and arresting several others.
The gang, known as the Black
Panthers, was believed
responsible for assassinating
fellow Arabs suspected of col
laborating with the Israeli
The pervasive unrest in the
Gaza Strip is also attributable
to the struggle for control of
the local population between
the Palestine Liberation
Organization and the Islamic
Continued on Page 2

Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, December 15, 1989
Proclaiming The Miracle Through The Years
Chanukah, the holiday that
commemorates the victory of
the Jews over the Greeks in
164 BCE is also known as the
Feast of Lights. This name
derived from the custom of
lighting candles in increasing
numbers from one on the first
night of the holiday to eight on
the final evening of this post-
Biblical holiday. In total 36
candles are consumed during
the eight days of the festival.
Talmud in tractate Sabbath
relates how the victorious
Jews, led by Judah the Macca-
bee, entered the Temple after
defeating the Greeks and
found only one vial of undefi-
led oil with which to light the
menorah ("candelabrum").
This was a vial that was sealed
with the insignia of the high
priest. It had only sufficient oil
to keep the menorah lit for one
day, but miraculously sufficed
to keep the menorah burning
for eight days until a fresh
measure of pure olive oil could
be manufactured. The Macca-
bees then set about rededicat-
ing the Temple, from which
the word Chanukah ('"dedica-
tion") derives, defiled during
the Greek occupation of Jeru-
Menorah in the Temple and
the Hannukiah, or Chanukah
menorah, seem to have much
in common except that the
former has seven branches and
the latter has eight. In fact,
the Hannukiah as we know it
Continued from Page 1
angered the religious authorit-
ies, who objected especially to
women reading from a Torah
scroll and chanting prayers.
Violence erupted on several
occasions, as ultra-Orthodox
men and not a few women
spewed curses and tried forci-
bly to wrest the Torahs from
the women worshipers.
The Torah readings at the
Wall were suspended pending
a court hearing next month of
conflicting petitions from the
women and the Religious
Affairs Ministry.
The women have been pray-
ing at the wall, but are under
temporary court orders to
recite the prayers instead of
chanting them. To read the
Torah, they retire to a nearby
archaeological garden site.
today only came into use dur-
ing the 10th century when the
eight branched candelabrum*
were first produced. Until
then, candle lighting on Chan-
ukah was observed by placing
separate oil lamps side-by-side
in increasing numbers during
the holiday for a total of eight
by the end of the festival.
Development of the common
Hannukiah, which consists of
eight assembled branches
would appear to have origi-
nated from a change in the
way the Chanukah lights were
first honored. Tradition
requires that the candles be
placed where they can be
observed by wayfarers in
order to "Publicize the mira-
cle." Originally it was the
practice to place a number of
individual oil lamps next to the
doorway where the lights
could be seen by those passing
in the street.
Due, however, to the perse-
cution of Jews for their beliefs,
they were forced to place the
Hannukiah inside their homes
far from the eyes of hostile
neighbors. The Hannukiah
then took on a different signifi-
cance as a family ritual -
and by the tenth century
craftsmen were producing
Chanukah menorahs from a
variety of materials, such as
marble and bronze, for display
within the home.
Today, those who visit such
neighborhoods as the Mea
Shearim quarter of Jerusalem,
where many ultra-Orthodox
Jews live, are bound to see the
ancient form of Chanukah
being observed in modern
times. The typical Hannukiah
in use here is a brass and glass
lantern that contains oil fueled
wicks, one for each day of the
holiday. These lanterns are
hung outdoors where they can
be seen by pedestrians,
thereby fulfilling the purpose
of the candles which are to
proclaim the miracle of Chanu-
kah A popular version of these
lanterns is convertible, serving
as a Sabbath candelabrum dur-
ing the year and as a Hannuk-
iah on the holiday itself.
Some prefer the oil variety
while the favorite of children
and many adults is the twisted
and assorted color candles that
are a cross between the birth-
day variety and the Sabbath
candles. We know that candles
were used by the ancient
Egyptians but the wax variety,
already common in the Middle
Ages, was very expensive.
Most people could only
afford to use wick lamps fueled
either by oil or some other
combustible mixture until the
beginning of the 19th century
when candles were economi-
cally manufactured from wax
and paraffin. The original
Chanukah lights were for cen-
turies fueled by oil. usually
derived from olives. This prac-
tice continued even after the
wax candle came into popular
use in order to emulate the
Menorah that stood in the
Temple in Jerusalem.
Israeli Schools Add German
BONN (JTA) The German language is being taught for
the first time in Israeli high schools, the Foreign Ministry
said. It has been added to the curricula of two high schools,
one in Haifa and the other in Kfar Sava. German was all
but eliminated from the Israeli school system until now
because of the sensitivities of Holocaust survivors.
Continued from Page 1
fundamentalist Hamas move-
In one of the most gruesome
of the recent incidents, a 52-
year-old woman in the Gaza
Strip town of Deir el-Balah
was hacked to death with
knives and axes Monday night.
She was attacked by eight
masked men. It is not clear
| whether she was assaulted for
^ collaborating with the Israelis
9 or for her alleged promiscuity.
s Meanwhile, concerned Jew-
S* ish settlers in the Gaza Strip
held an emergency meeting
2 Tuesday night to plan a prot-
est against the government's
* agreement to allow some 6,000
Palestinians to enter the terri-
tory from Egypt.
The move is in compliance
with the terms of the Israeli-
Egyptian peace treaty of 1979.
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Bill of Rights Bicentennial
There may be no Bicentennial observance
more important to American Jewry than
the current observance of the 200th anni-
versary of the Bill of Rights.
Thomas Jefferson was both correct and
prophetic in his insistence that the Consti-
tution required its initial 10 amendments in
order to be a truly permanent document.
Freedom of religion, of speech and of the
press are merely the best known of the Bill
of Rights' safeguards.
Even as we observe this Bicentennial,
some of these precious rights seem endan-
gered by efforts to provide quick and easy
solutions to some of the major problems
confronting our nation.
As Jews and as Americans, we cannot be
satisfied simply to fight for the continued
separation of church and state.
Other rights, including those of privacy
and freedom from unwarranted search and
seizure, must be fought for just as dili-
Summit Omits Pressure
Malta has come and gone, and the unique
summit appears to have had little impact on
the Middle East.
Perhaps it is just as well that neither the
United States nor the Soviet Union pre-
ssured for immediate solution of the Arab-
Israeli dispute which is almost a century
While the Bush Administration has
demonstrated its general support of Israel,
it has shown that it expects the Jewish
state to be more forthcoming than either
the Palestinians or the surrounding Arab
And the Soviet Union, while clearly
permitting greater freedom for Jews
within the USSR and in its emigration
policy, still provides sophisticated arms for
Syria and other enemies of Israel.
Israel's correct position that face-to-face
negotiations, with no pre-conditions, are
the only sure path to peace does not need
coercion from either super power.
Caught up in the rapid bid for
freedom in Czechoslovakia, a
leader of the Jewish commun-
ity who was criticized for sup-
porting the Communist regime
has resigned his post.
Bohumil Heller, who was
president of the Council of
Jewish Religious Communities
in Bohemia and Moravia,
resigned his position, partially
in response to a petition circu-
lated that day among the Jew-
ish Community in Prague.
However, the secretary of
the entire Council of Jewish
Religious Communities of Cze-
choslovakia, who was also
Continued on Page 8
Friday, December 15. 1989/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 3
Chanukah And The
Building Of The Temple

eight-day festival of Chanu-
kah, which begins Dec. 22,
commemorates the rededica-
tion of the Holy Temple, the
Bet Hamikdosh, in Jerusalem
in the year 165 BCE, following
its pagan defilement by the
Svrians. With the destruction
of the resplendent Herodian
temple by the Romans in 70
C.E., the focus of Chanukah
observance in the Diaspora
inevitably shifted to the "mira-
cle of the cruse of oil," and the
Festival of Lights.
Since the time of King Solo-
mon's temple, which was con-
structed about 1000 BCE, the
Bet Hamikdosh was the dra-
matic national and religious
focus of Israelite unity. The
Roman destruction in the first
century rendered the temple
more symbolic than real in
Jewish consciousness.
But with the reconquest of
Jerusalem and the Temple
Mount by Israel in the 1967
war, a preoccupation has
developed among mainly tradi-
tional Jews to "rebuild the
Temple speedily in our days."
There are fundamental dif-
ferences of Halachic views
among Orthodox Jews as to
whether contemporary Jews
have a right to rebuild the
Temple before the Messiah
arrives. Nevertheless, groups
of Israeli traditional Jews are
preparing seriously for the
construction of "an intermedi-
ate temple" before the Messia-
nic era.
There are now Talmudic
schools in Jerusalem studying
elaborate details of the Temple
service, the genealogy of pri-
ests who may conduct animal
sacrifices, and reconstructing
the ritual implements that will
be required should Temple
sacrifices be restored.
Clearly, a reconstituted tem-
ple would trigger off major
internal conflicts between tra-
ditionalist and modernists in
Continued on Page 6
Jewish floridian
ol Palm Baacti County
Comoinlnfl "Our Votca" and 'Fadarallon Raportar"
' Frad Snochal
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Advartlalng Director
Exaculrva Editor
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SUBSCRIPTION RATES Local Araa U Annual (2-Vaar Minimum S7.SO)
Friday, December 15,1989
Volume 15
Number 33
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Cash value 120c Customer pays sales

Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, December 15, 1989
Jewish Commitment Keys Strong Marriages
PALO ALTO Jewish fami-
lies are commonly perceived as
being warm, tightly knit, and
possessing a strong sense of
what it means to be a family.
But does the current climate in
America today permit Jewish
families to exercise their his-
torical functions? And how do
the experiences of Jewish fam-
ilies in particular serve as a
barometer to examine the
American family overall?
Dr. Steven Bayme, director
of the Jewish Communal
Affairs Department of the
American Jewish Committee,
drew a portrait of the Jewish
family in American culture and
contrasted prevailing stereot-
ypes with current social reali-
ties at a meeting held at Stan-
ford University's Center for
the Study of Families, Chil-
dren and Youth.
Session was part of a four
day conference on "What Do
Families Do?" Conference was
sponsored by the William Pets-
chek National Jewish Family
Center of the American Jewish
Committee; the Center for the
Study of Families, Children
and Youth; and the Institute
For American Values.
Dr. Bayme was one of sev-
eral panelists of academic
experts, policy analysts and
social thinkers who presented
papers at the conference in an
effort to map out the begin-
nings of a report to the nation
on the key issues challenging
family policy makers as the
American family moves into
the 21st century.
He examined the functions
of the Jewish family from his-
torical and philosophical per-
"The origins of the Jewish
concept of family lie in the
Book of Genesis where the
story of creation lays down the
postulate that 'it is not good
that man live alone.' There-
fore, one purpose of the family
is to overcome loneliness.
Another injunction and imper-
ative to families is that of
procreation an act that
affirms the covenant between
God and humanity. Family also
creates the social bonds and
building blocks so necessary
for creating society and com-
munity. And finally, the family
serves to transmit culture and
heritage, such as Jewish iden-
tity, and thereby serves as a
bulwark against assimilation."
He stressed that Jewish tra-
dition has always envisioned
self-fulfillment as possible and
encouraged through the con-
text of the family structure.
While family life held out
responsibilities and opportuni-
ties for individual growth, it
also meant transcending per-
sonal desires and self-
"Perhaps the best example
of the traditional concept of
family lies in the Jewish theme
of fathering," said Dr. Bayme.
"Historically, the Jewish
father was both teacher and
nurturer. The responsibilities
of fatherhood included a bal-
ance between practical and
spiritual roles.
"All of this underscores the
family as a mediating institu-
tion between the individual
and the community. It enables
children to grow into responsi-
ble community members. By
strengthening families, the
community is effectively
strengthening itself."
Shifting his focus to the
important issue of America's
children, Dr. Bayme once
again spoke of the concern for
children as a mandate found
within Judaism and Jewish his-
torical experience.
"For the Jews," he said,
"children were regarded as
children, and the responsibili-
ties of adults were to ensure
their healthy development.
The contemporary culture
often portrays raising children
as a costly affair. In that
respect, the procreation func-
tion of families is affected
directly by a culture that
seems to place a low premium
on bringing people into the
Many of the traditional Jew-
ish assumptions are unde-
rmined today, by "the ethos of
modernity which emphasizes
individualism and shatters the
theme of communal intercon-
nectedness with private life.
"In contrast to these
enlightenment ideals of indi-
viduals, Judaism emphasized
the idea of the close relation-
ship between family and com-
munity which posits relevant
principles for public policy
stances that will enable par-
ents to execute their roles and
fulfill their functions."
Describing today's Jewish
family as being in a state of
flux and transition, Dr. Bayme
questioned whether the Jewish
family can continue to fulfill its
historical functions.
What is different from the
past, he noted, includes a delay
in the age of marriage, consis-
tent with patterns for Ameri-
cans generally, and prolonged
periods of childlessness. These
two factors may create
"unbreakable patterns of non-
affiliation with the Jewish
community and affect the cul-
tural vitality of American
However, he added, one of
the key differences concerning
Jewish families relates to the
"Jewish divorce deficit," as
Jews today divorce one-half as
frequently as do Protestants
and two-thirds as frequently as
do Catholics. Also, the divorce
rate among affiliated Jews is
smaller than that among those
unaffiliated with the Jewish
"What this points to is the
strong relationship between
Jewish commitment and
strong marriages. The rituals
of Judaism tend to be family
oriented and ties to Jewish
tradition cement ties between
family members. Further-
more, Jews tend to value mari-
tal success enormously. They
define themselves as success-
ful when they enjoy happy
marriages and suffer signifi-
cant losses of self-esteem
when their marriages fail."
Another distinctive feature
of contemporary Jewish life is
the increase in the incidence of
intermarriage, which, Dr.
Bayme stressed, "is troubling
to the Jewish community in
terms of future identity and
continuity, as intermarried
couples participate minimally
in Jewish communal activi-
Last current he emphasized
was that of Jabor-force partici-
pation of married Jewish
women and the need for
greater can' in understanding
Die true relationship l>etween
family and work.
"Jewish women who have
children under school-age are
more likely to stay at home.
Those with children over
school-age are more likely to
be going to work. Part-time
employment has been espe-
cially popular among Jewish
women, representing personal
satisfaction in being able to
maintain both family and car-
"The public debate over day-
care may not be meeting the
diverse needs of contemporary
Jewish families when it
focuses exclusively on the need
for full-time child care."
In looking toward the future,
he said that as Jews, and
Americans generally, continue
to value family as a prized
component of their personal
lives, there is the need to
construct and develop a cli-
mate which emphasizes what
is good about being a family.
The public sphere, he further
suggested, can influence nri
vate behavior through the
creation of an atmosphere that
advances communal ideals and
norms of strong marriages and
family worth.
He concluded: "We should
be advancing a public climate
that underscores the centralitv
of family to societal well being
and the responsibility of
society to help parents to be
parents. Conversely, well-
intentioned social policy tar-
geted toward vulnerable and
dysfunctional families should
not be advocated in ways that
can undermine the vitality and
functioning of American fami-
lies generally.
"We need to inculcate a
sense of commitment to one
another as the key to a suc-
cessful and happy marriage
and a healthy family life. It is
this kind of climate which
clearly articulates both the
joys of family and the realistic
sacrifices required for effec-
tive family functioning that
educational and cultural strat-
egies should seek to build."
Official Warns Against
Berlin Wall Holiday
BONN (JTA) An official of
the opposition Social Demo-
cratic Party has warned
against allowing joy over the
opening of the Berlin Wall to
erase the memory of Jewish
suffering during the Nazi era.
Heinz Putzrath, who chairs
the SPD's committee of Nazi
survivors, spoke out against
proposals to make Nov. 9, the
day the Ea^t German regime
opened the wall, a national
holiday in West Germany.
He pointed out that the day
is the anniversary of the noto-
rious Kristallnacht the night
of broken glass the first
government-sanctioned organ-
ized pogrom in Nazi Germany
which occurred on Nov. 9-10,
How to make
your Shabbos dinner Deluxe.
First, go to your butcher and select the
freshest, plumpest chicken.
Its a good start, but it won t make your
Shabbos dinner Deluxe
Next, prepare the dough for your famous
homemade chaBah.
Closer, but Shabbos dinner isn't Deluxe yet.
Birds FvLn, 5* 'reezer and ,ake m ,h*
TMy Peluxe Ve9e,ab'es. Sugar Snap'
X? 3ThTS WK"h 9a^n-.resh goodness.
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^You ve done it< Your Shabbos dinner is truly
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Friday, December 15, 1989/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 5
Chanukah, You Light Up Our Lives
Attorney Lewis Kapner will
participate in a panel discus-
sum ing "I Didn't Mean To Do It,"
a half-hour segment of the
"People's Law" series to be
aired once a month starting in
name for Chanukah is "chag
urim," the Festival of Lights.
The Maccabees, after defeat-
ing the Syrian Greeks, came to
rededicate the Temple. When
they kindled the Eternal
Light, they found only enough
pure oil for one day. Neverthe-
less, they lit the lamp and a
miracle occurred: the light
burned for eight days, until a
fresh supply of oil arrived.
The Eternal Light is part of
the central structure of every
synagogue. It is called the
Eternal Light because it sym-
bolizes the presence of God,
which is eternally with us. And
it reflects the brightness of
Museum Opens Major Exhibit
National Museum of American
Jewish History this week
opened its largest and broad-
est exhibition to date with a
presentation of "The Ameri-
can Jewish Experience," a vis-
ual chronology of the history of
Jews in America from the ear-
liest colonial times to the pre-
Exhibit will showcase more
than 350 objects and images,
the largest exhibition of Jew-
ish objects the National
Museum has ever attempted.
From the Minute Book of
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Recife, Brazil, ending in 1653.
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to the mezuzah carried into
space by the 1985 Discovery
mission, the exhibition dra-
matically documents Jewish
participation in American life.
Jewish tradition, reminding us
that Judaism is a continuing
process, a flame that can never
be extinguished.
The Biblical passage describ-
ing the lighting of the Menorah
in the sanctuary contains an
interesting lesson. After all
the instructions are given, we
are told, "And Aaron did so:
he lighted the lamps ... as the
Lord had commanded." (Num-
bers 8:3)
Rashi, the greatest Jewish
commentator on the Bible,
adds, "Aaron deserves praise
for doing exactly as God had
commanded him." Why should
Aaron be praised for doing
exactly what he should have
The answer is that on the
day of the dedication of the
sanctuary, Aaron, of course,
would want to kindle the Men-
orah. However, as time went
on and it became a routine
task, he still continued with
the same dedication as on the
first day. For this, he deserved
It is natural to begin an
activity with enthusiasm.
Usually, this enthusiasm cools.
But someone who is dedicated
understands that real satisfac-
tion is found not in beginning
an activity but rather in work-
ing at it regularly until results
are achieved. This requires
devotion, commitment and
concentration. People who do
these things deserve our
When the first Americans
were permitted to visit Cuba
after years of embargo, one of
the members of the official
delegation was a Jew. One
night he had a yahrzeit. He
asked for a synagogue and was
told there was one left in Old
Havana. To his dismay, it was
in a state of neglect and disre-
pair, with the minyan made up
of elderly Jews.
As the service began, the
bulb in the Eternal Light went
out. Of course, one can pray
without an Eternal Light, but
the members of the congrega-
tion were very upset. It was
evening and all the stores were
The visitor, a typical enter-
prising American, told them to
wait a minute. He went out to
the street, looked up and
down, and noticed a movie
house which displayed a large,
well-lit sign. The American
went up to the manager and
offered him money for one of
the colored bulbs in the sign.
The manager shrugged and
pointed out that if he was
crazy enough to climb up and
get it, he could have it. The
man did, but he burned his
fingers before he could finally
unscrew the light bulb. He
returned to the synagogue and
inserted the bulb. The Eternal
Light glowed warmly and the
congregation finished its pray-
If we want the Eternal Light
of Judaism to glow in our lives,
then we must take its message
into the marketplace of ideas.
The Biblical instruction to
Continued on Page 8

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Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, December 15, 1989
Highly Literate Community
Needs Book Month
Throughout thousands of
years of world history, the
Jewish people have been
known as "Am HaSefer, the
People of the Book." The book
has been the Torah and its
commentators, its amplifica-
tion through the Talmud and
the vast Jewish religious liter-
ature written throughout the
It has also found expression
through the vast production of
Jewish literacy genius in every
conceivable area philosophy,
literature, medicine, to name a
few. It has been written in
many languages Hebrew,
Aramaic, Ladino, Yiddish and
the language of the country of
Jewish residence.
But the greatest accomplish-
ment of all has been the fact
that our people has raised a
literate population, able to
read and study it. Throughout
the centuries, in no matter
what difficulty Jewish commu-
nities found themselves,
schools were created, young
people were taught to read and
write, to pray from the Siddur,
to study Chumash and Rashi
and learn the Talmud.
Many were able to read and
discuss the great literature of
western civilization. In socie-
ties where even the nobility
could not read and write,
young Jewish children could.
This Jewish knowledge was
one of the key factors in allow-
ing the Jewish people to sur-
vive and thrive under the most
adverse conditions. It helped
to create and sustain a unique
lifestyle that allowed for the
continuity of our people and its
heritage, tradition and value
system from one generation to
the next.
It seems, therefore, to be
appropriate that each year a
month is set aside by the
American Jewish community
The paradox is that today, more Jewish books,
including the classical sources, have been
published in English editions. And yet with all of
this, so few of us avail ourselves of the
opportunity to read and study them.
known as "'Jewish Book
Month." And yet there is a
paradox that we should need a
Jewish Book Month, for the
reading of Jewish books should
be part of normal everyday
Here in America we face an
unusual situation the Jewish
community as a whole is one of
the most literate ethnic, religi-
ous groups in this country and
yet, has so little literacy and
knowledge of "the Jewish
So many of our people have
read and studied the great
philosophers, the great writers
and creative thinkers of west-
ern civilization and know so
little about their own heritage
and literature.
This has resulted from the
American Jewish experience,
especially the large East Euro-
pean immigration of the late
19th and early 20th centuries.
The immigrants felt that their
children's rise out of the
ghetto could best be accom-
plished by education not
Jewish education, but through
the public schools. "The Peo-
ple of the Book" became the
people of the secular book,
discarding their "excess" Jew-
ish baggage in their drive to
"make it" in America.
The paradox is that today,
more Jewish books, including
the classical sources, have
been published in English edi-
tions. There are linear transla-
tions of the Tanach (the Bible)
and the Talmud with commen-
tary. Many of the great Jewish
thinkers are now available in
Even new commentaries,
such as Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz'
new translation of the Talmud,
will be published by a major
American publishing house
And yet with all of this, so
few of us avail ourselves of the
opportunity to read and study
One of the key elements that
the American Jewish commun-
ity will need for its continued
survival is Jewishly literate
generations. Every effort
must be made to expose every
generation of our people to the
Jewish book.
Our history has taught us
that we survive and prosper
when we know who we are and
where we come from, for this
gives us the direction to our
future. Jewish knowledge
leads to Jewish commitment,
which leads to Jewish living
and ensures a Jewish future.
Gene Greenzweig is executive direc-
tor of the Central Agency for Jewish
French Right
Win Assembly Seat
PARIS (JTA) Jean-Marie
Le Pen's extreme right-wing
National Front won a seat in
the National Assembly in one
runoff election this week and
came close to winning a seat in
another. National Front candi-
date Marie-France Stirbois
gained an overwhelming vic-
tory in Dreux, a city of about
14,000 just west of Paris.
From the Delta
family to your family,
here's wishing you a
joyous holiday. And if
you're gathering together
during the Festival
of Lights, remember
that Delta and The Delta
Connection* serve over
250 cities worldwide.
WeLovelbVbjAnd ItShows:
Delia Connection flights operate with Delta flight numhers 2000-9999
Continued from Page 3
the Jewish community.
Instead of restoring the
ancient glory of national unity,
it could become a cause for
further polarization.
Unquestionably, it would
have massive consequences in
the Moslem and Christian
worlds. The Moslems speak of
launching a jihad, a holy war,
should their Al Aksa Mosque
become threatened by a Jew-
ish temple. Fundamentalist
Christians are thrilled by the
idea of the reborn temple,
since that would fulfill their
theological precondition for
the Second Coming.
While I have heard or seen
no response in the Vatican or
in the Catholic religious world
as yet, I would imagine a
rebuilt temple in Jerusalem
would not cause them rejoic-
ing. A renewed Jewish temple,
raised in glory and with pan
ache, would be the death blow
of that ancient Christian belief
of the "wandering Jews" pun-
ished by God.
A truly brilliant daily and
weekly Jewish temple service,
with or without sacrifices,
would place Jerusalem front
and center in the religious uni-
verse, rivaling Rome. Constan-
tinople, and Mecca as the cyno-
sure of spiritual presence.
In the meantime, we con-
tinue to light the eight glowing
Chanukah candles, and that
will keep us joyful and faithful
for a long time until the Mes-
siah comes.
Rabbi Marc H. Tanenbaum w inter-
national relations consultant to the
American Jewish Committee and is
immediate past chairman of the Inter-
national Jewish Committee for Inter-
religious Consultations.
O 1989 Delta Air lines. Inc
They're America's fovcJnfe noshes. When you nosh
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Friday, December 15, 1989/The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County Page 7
Religious Directory
K 26 \venue. Boynton Beach 33435. Phone 586-9428. Rabbi
David Shapiro. Cantor Abraham Roster. Daily. 8:30 a.m. Sabbath
[Jvices, Friday 8:15 p.m., Saturday 9 a.m.
livst Palm Beach 33417. Phone 684-3212. Office hours 9 a.m. to 1
Rabbi Isaac Vander Walde. Cantor Mordecai Spektor. Daily
Services 8:30 a.m. and 6 p.m. Friday night 5 p.m. and 8:15 p.m.
Saturday 9 a.m. and 7:15 p.m.
TOLDEN LARES TEMPLE: 1470 Golden Lakes Boulevard.
Jest Palm Beach 33411. Phone 689-9430. Rabbi Joseph Speiser.
Daiiv services 8 a.m. Sabbath services Friday 8 p.m. Saturday 9
a m. For times of evening services please call the Temple office.
Road Lake Worth. Phone 967-3600. Rabbi Richard K. Rocklin.
Cantor Abraham Mehler. Services Friday 8 p.m.. Saturday and
holidays. 8:45 a.m. Daily minyan 8:15 a.m., Sundays through
TEMPLE BETH DAVID: 4657 Hood Road, Palm Beach Gardens
33418 Phone 694-2350. Rabbi Randall J. Konigsburg. Cantor
Eari .1. Backoff. Sabbath services. Friday 8 p.m., Saturday 9:30
TEMPLE BETH EL: 2815 No. Flagler Drive. West Palm Beach
Phone 833-0339. Cantor Norman Brody. Sabbath ser-
i ruiay 8:15 p.m., Saturday 9:30 a.m. Daily Minyan 8:15
Sunday and legal holidays 9 a.m.
TEMPLE BETH SHOLOM: 315 No. "A" Street. Lane worn.
334*. Phone 585-5020. Rabbi Emanuel Eisenberg. Cantor
Howard l)ardashti. Services Monday and Thursday. 8:lo a.m.
Fnda> evening, 8:15 p.m.. Saturday, 9 a.m.
TEMPLE BETH SHOLOM: 224 NW Avenue G Belle Glade
Phone 996-3886. Services: Second Wednesday of every
7:80 p.m.
TEMPLE BETH ZION: 129 Sparrow Drive, Royal Palm Beach.
FL 33411. Phone 798-8888. Sabbaih services Friday 8 p.m..
Saturday >? a.m. Rabbi Stefan J. Weinberg.
TEMPLE B'NAI JACOB: 2177 So. Congress Ave. West Palm
Beaeh 33406. Phone 433-5957. Sabbath services Friday 8 p.m..
Saturday and holidays 9 a.m., Monday through Friday 9 a.m.
Rabbi Moms Pickholz. Cantor Andrew E. Beck.
TEMPLE EMANU-EL: 190 North County Road Palm Beach
33480 Phone 832-0804. Rabbi Leonid Feldman. Cantor David
r Sabbath services, Friday 7 p.m.. Saturday 9:30 a.m.
TEMPLE TORAH: Lions Club. 3615 West Boynton Beach
Boulevard. Boynton Beach 33437. Mailing address: 98511) Mili-
tary Trail. Box 360091, Boynton Beach 33436. Phone 736-7687.
Cantor Alex Chapin. Rabbi Theodore Feldman part-time, bab-
bath Services Friday evening 8 p.m.; Saturday 9 a.m.
BETH ABRAHAM: 3998 SW Leighton Farms Road 1PalmUty
33490. Mailing address: P.O. Box 2996. Stuart 33495. Phone
287-8833. Services Friday evenings 8 p.m. and Saturday iu a.m.
CHABAD HOUSE LUBAVITCH: 4623 forest Hill Blvd
West Palm Beach. 108-3, 33415. Phone 641-6167. Rabb. Shlomo
Ezagui. Sabbath Services, Saturday, 10 a.m.
CONGREGATION AITZ CHAIM: 2518 N Haverhill Road,^West
I ilm Beach 33417. Phone 686-5055. Sabbath services 8^45am.
and 7:30 p.m. Daily services 8:15 a.m. and 5:30 p.m. Rabb. Oscar
V\ enter.
Street. P.O. Box 857146. Port St. Luce. FL 33451. Phone
i 7620. Friday night services 8 p.m.. Saturday morning 10.30
TEMPLE BETH AM: 759 Parkway Street. Jumter Phone
747-1109. Services Friday 8:00 p.m. Rabb. Rachel Hertzman.
TEMPLE BETH EL: 4600 Oleander Avenue Fort Pierce. FL
34982. Phone 461-7428. Sabbath Services Friday P-m.
TEMPLE BETH SHALOM: St. Helens Parish Hall 20th
Avenue and V.ctory Boulevard. Vero Beach 329>-MjImg
address: P.O. Box 2113. Vero Beach. FL 32961-2113. Rabb. Jay
K. Davis. Phone 1-569-4700.
TEMPLE BETH TORAH: 900 Big Blue Trace. WeJ* m
Beach. FL 33414. Phone 793-2700. Fnday seiv^s 8.15R.nj.
Saturday morning 10 a.m. Rabbi Steven R. Westman. Cantor
Elliot Rosenbaum.
TEMPLE ISRAEL: 1901 No. Flagle.: Drive, West Palm Beach
33407. Phone 833-8421. Rabbi Howard Shapiro. Cantor btuarc
Pittle. Sabbath services, Friday 8 p.m.
TEMPLE JUDEA: 100 Chillingwortb ^ *fsJ? ?
FL 33409. Rabbi Joel L. Levine. Cantor Rita J>nore. r
Dec. 15 5:14 p.m.
Dec. 22 5:16 p.m.
Dec. 29 5:21p.m.
Jan. 5 5:26 p.m.
Benediction upon Kindling
the Sabbath Lights
Blessed art Thou, O Lord our
G-d, King of the universe who
hast sanctified us by thy com-
mandments and commanded
us to kindle the Sabbath light.
Synopsis Of The Weekly Toroh Portion
'And Rachel died, and was buried in the way toEphrath-
the same is Bethlehem. And Jacob set up a pillar upon her grave
(Gen. S5.19-tO).
V AYISHLAH Approaching the boundary of the land of Seir
where his brother Esau dwelt, Jacob prudently sent messengers
ahead to inform Esau of his coming and of his wealth. The
messengers returned with the news that Esau was advancing
toward Jacob with 400 men. Terrified, Jacob divided Juscamp
into two sections, so as not to lose all in the eventof ar.attack._ He
sent gifts to Esau and prayed God to save him from his brother.
Jacob crossed the stream of Jabbok with his camp.There, ashe
stood alone, an angel approached and wrestled with, him At the
end of the struggle, the angel declared: "They name shallbe
called no more Jacob, but Israel; for thou hast striven with God
aTwi* men, and hast prevailed" Genesis Thu. e=
aged, Jacob met Esau, whom he treated with the utmost
dfference. Embracing, the two bro^rs k188ed^wept andwere
reconciled. Jacob journeyed on to Shechem There the rape of
Jacob's only daughter, Dinah, by the prince of that city, led to the
vengeful destruction of Shechem by two of Dinah s brother^
Proceeding to Beth-el. Jacob kept the vow he had made to return
thithere On the way, Rachel gave birth to Jacob s last and
youngest son, Benjamin. But Rachel died in childbirth, and Jacob
buried her on the way to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem.
(The recounting of the Weekly Portion of MwLMT ***!****.
based upon "The Graphic H.story of the Jewish Herage edited by
P Wollman-Tsamir, published by Shengold. The volume is available
ai 75 Maiden Lane, New York, N.Y. 10038.)______________
Conservative Women Pro Choice
The 200,000-member
Women's League for Conser-
vative Judaism placed itself
squarely in the pro-choice
camp on the abortion issue, at
its national conference and
open board meeting here.
At the same time, it rejected
the casual use of abortion as a
birth control device, stressing
that Judaism cherishes the
sanctity of life, even potential
Several other Jewish
women's groups have come
out in favor of a woman's
freedom to choose abortion,
including the National Federa-
tion of Temple Sisterhoods,
the women's congregational
arm of the Reform movement.
Evelyn Auerbach of Glen
Ridge, N.J., president of the
Women's League, said it
would act in cooperation with
the other main organizations
of Conservative Judaism.
Women must have the abil- without the nterfere* /
ity to make their own deter- legislators or jurists, Auer-
mination regarding abortion, bach declared.
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Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of Palm Beach County/Friday, December lb, 1989
Continued from Page 5
create an Eternal Light can
find meaning in our time in the
words of the classic rabbinic
exposition on this command-
ment: "Anyone who performs
a mitzvah has kindled a candle
before God and by doing so one
revives one's own soul." (Exo-
dus Rabbah 36:3)
What this beautiful and sen-
sitive passage tells us is that
the Eternal Light is not to be
taken literally but symboli-
cally, as an inspiration to do
what is right, proper and good.
When we do these things, our
acts are as sacred as if we had
lit a candle in the Sanctuary
and presence of God.
On Chanukah, the lights of
the Menorah are kindled by
the shamash, the lead or ser-
vice light. Every Menorah has
such a special light, whose sole
purpose is to provide the spark
for others.
The importance of the spark
can be seen in the following
A young man who had
become an apprentice to a
blacksmith learned during the
course of his training how to
hold the tongs, how to lift the
hammer, how to smite the
anvil, and how to blow the fire
with the bellows. Having fin-
ished his apprenticeship, he
was chosen to be employed at
the royal smithery.
But the young man's delight
at his appointment soon
turned to despair when he dis-
covered that he had failed to
learn how to kindle a spark. All
of his skill and knowledge in
handling the tools were of no
avail because he had not
Continued from Page 3
asked to step down, did not do
Frantisek Kraus was re-
elected to be acting secretary
of the Jewish community until
special elections will be held in
April, according to the World
Jewish Congress.
Moves were announced at a
special two-and-a- half-hour
session of the Jewish commun-
ity's plenary council, which is
the leadership of the Czech
Jewish community.
Council normally meets only
twice a year. The meeting was
called to address the petition,
drawn up at a time of a popular
revolt for freedom in Czechos-
The WJC visited that coun-
try in mid-November and met
with leaders of both the Jewish
community and the Commun-
ist government, some of whom
are now no longer in power.
"What you see in the Czech
Jewish community is a mirror
of what is happening in the
general Czech population,"
said Steinberg.
Steinberg said Heller, an
elderly man, resigned in part
because of poor health. He
made his resignation by phone.
Kraus and Victor Feuerlicht,
the chazan at the Altneuschul
and president of the Prague
Jewish community, will travel
to Heller's home, about 75
miles from Prague, "to accept
Heller's resignation and pre-
sent him with a resolution of
appreciation of his service to
the Jewish community," Stein-
berg said.
learned the most elementary
principle to light the fire.
Unless we are fired with the
conviction of what we do, then
what we do will be essentially
meaningless. Unless we find
that we are wanned by enthu-
siasm any project in which we
engage will eventually cool off.
The spark that kindles a
world, a people or a person
illuminates the causes in which
we are involved and fires us
with the energy to carry
through. The Maccabees of old
proved that men who possess a
spark of the divine will leave
their brand on history.
As a writer once noted:
For centuries the Menorah
burned constantly.
In its light a nation walked,
By its inspiration a people
Rabbi Bernard S. Raskas is rabbi
emeritus of Temple of Aaron in St.
Paul, and the author of the trilogy,
"Heart of Wisdom."
Bagels and Lox and
Maxwell House Coffee.
At last there's time for a leisurely breakfast,
unhurried conversation and the chance
to enjoy a second (or even a third) cup of
rich, delicious Maxwell House* Coffee. It
couldn't be anything but Sunday morning.
House t
5 3KST ]$$ House Hgjwgi i
Maxwell House* Coffee. Always... Good to the Last Drop!
See im Europ
In 1W0 m hv than ever, an American Express' Vacation is < me < if the best ways t< > expk Hun inc. On our Escorted Vacations, you can sit back and rdax,
while we tale i are < it all < it J mr day t< i dot activities If u w prefer to trawl indepeiidcnily. \ >u on take advantage of our group rates while disci ivering F.un ipe on w >ur < >wn.
Royal Vlma Hold including hreaklast ilaih and sightseeing
Arrive am da\ (if the week through Mardi I'Wii
Include Finfl Class hole). IWUMTWfll translerv theatre ticket.
sightseeing, host service. shopping and dining discounts, plus rme
Depart Saturday* through March 1990
Includes Intel, motorcoach transfers laniii to Pans airfare,
theatre tidet. sightseeing, hust service shopping and dining
discounts, plus more Depart Thursdays through March 19911
3 nights
6 nights
7 nights
15 days
14 days
14 days
And Amerti-an Exrn^s urx i indit* rail^
Ni) nutter which trawl style yt >u chm me, we assure yi hi quality and value-, the American Express a mi mil mem k > excetlente S < ncf 7*> years.
ft ir rcscrvaiK ins and inl< >rnuti< mi. mat \' mr trawl a^cnt. Or for im v details i all
Mon.-Fri. 9am u >9pm.Sai. & Sun 10am to7pm
Prices lor the Europe packages shown above are land only per person, double occupancy
Trans-Atlantic airfare is not included Specific departure dates apply lor all packages
except the Paris Independent package
Kngland. France, Switzerland. Italy, Austria, Germany,
Holland Fully escorted, featuring mostly First Class notch,
cunprehensive sightseeing and more! Departures Monday
and Wednesday fmm March through October, 1990
I union SKrnehetige. Hath, Kulhin Glasgow, Inverness. nrt. Stratford llpmi-Avon Fully escorted,
featuring all First Class hotels, many meats, comprehensive
sightseeing, speaal events and more1 Departures Friday and
Sundas from April tnOctober. 1990
FtfluRal. Spain. Morocco Features Superior First Class and
Deluxe holds Includes full breakfast daily plui 5 dinners,
Ik jI entertainment and much more1 Departures Thundavs
I men January. 1990 to March. 1991

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