The Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood

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Material Information

Title:
The Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Physical Description:
13 v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
Fred Shochet
Place of Publication:
Hollywood, Fla

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Hollywood (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Broward County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Broward -- Hollywood

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Nov. 13, 1970)-v. 13, no. 22 (Oct. 28, 1983).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statements conflict: Dec. 24, 1971 called no. 3 in masthead and no. 4 in publisher's statement; July 21, 1972 called no. 19 in masthead and no. 18 in publisher's statement; Aug. 3, 1972 called no. 19 in masthead and no. 18 in publisher's statement; Feb. 2, 1972 called no. 2 in masthead and no. 3 in publisher's statement; Apr. 26, 1974 called no. 9 in masthead and no. 8 in publisher's statement; Aug. 2, 1974 called no. 5 in masthead and no. 15 in publisher's statement.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issues for Aug. 4, 1972 called also v. 2, no. 19, and May 10, 1974 called also v. 4, no. 9, repeating numbering of previous issues.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44512277
lccn - sn 00229541
ocm44512277
System ID:
AA00014307:00194

Related Items

Related Items:
Jewish Floridian
Succeeded by:
Jewish Floridian of South Broward


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Full Text
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Hollywood, Florid* Friday. April 7, lt78
Price 35 Cents
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by others. I wouldn't think
Canadians, Iranians or others
would want their soldiers to serve
under fire," he said.
Gur stressed that Israel will
continue to help the south Leba-
nese Christians and any agree-
ment must ensure their safety.
He met yesterday with Major
Saad Iladdad. the commander of
the Christian forces, and reiter-
ated Israels promise not to
abandon them.
THE SYRIAN-controlled
Arab deterrent force made its
announcement that no military
personnel or equipment will be
allowed to go into south
I^ebanon. The Syrians also said
that other supplies such as food
or medical equipment must go
through the Lebanese govern-
ment.
The Syrian efforts to clamp
down on the terrorists did not
slop the shelling of Israeli areas.
FROMTHE
GRAPEVINE
of DR. PHIL LEVIN
Mission chairman
Jewish Federation of
South Broward Community
Mission to Israel will be
Sept. 7-18. Hold these dates!

I Solidarity to Israel
[Aquarius Women's Division of the
Broward pledged moral and finan-
of Israel at their annual luncheon on
led Jewish Appeal-Israel Emergency
Increasing need for support from the
I community are (from left) Rhoda
|ffie Verebay, Mina Finkelstein, Peggy
.Galahad Court Responds
\
greasing needs of the people of Israel
' ih ben on behalf of the Jewish Federation
WtS Combined Jewish Appeal-Israel
at the branch waa Leonard Hart
K Galahad Court effort of the annual
Wnm Milton Kritzer, chairman (center)
i left) Archie Wilder, Jack Golub. Ben
NBC to Show Gerald Green
Nazi Storu in Nine Hours
The National Broadcasting
Company will present a nine-hour
"Holocaust" television program
on four consecutive nights, April
16 to 19. The segments are based
on Gerald Green's book, entitled
Holocaust, scheduled for publica-
tion April 1 by Bantam Books.
Green, author of The Last An-
gry Man, has written a 416-page
novel of two fictional families,
one Nazi, and one Jewish, swept
up by the war in Europe. The
book covers the period from 1935
to 1945.
THE TELEVISION produc-
tion was filmed on location en-
tirely in Europe and is now being
edited.
The television production fea-
tures the families of Dr. Joseph
Weiss, a compassionate physi-
cian, and that of Erik Dorf, an
ambitious German lawyer who
joins the SS. Dorf becomes an
aide to Reinhard Heydrich, chief
planner of the genocide of Jews in
Europe. The story is character-
ized as "a novel of survival and
triumph" by the publisher. In it,
the two families cross each oth-
er's path throughout the period
covered.
An impressive cast chosen for
the film includes Tom Bell, Jo-
seph Bottoms, Tovah Feldshuh,
Marius Goring, Rosemary Har-
ris, Anthony Haygarth, Ian
Holm, Les Montague, Michael
Moriarty, Deborah Norton,
George Rose, Robert Stephens,
Maryl Stresp, Sam Wanamaker,
David Warner, Fritz Weaver and
James Wood. The film will intro-
duce Blanch Baker aa Anna
Weiss.
HERBERT Brodkin ia execu-
tive producer; Robert Berger,
producer; and Marvin Chomsky,
director. Morton Gould com-
posed and conducted the score of
original music.
In the story, the Weiss family
are Polish-born Jews who cannot
foresee the tragedy of the Holo-
caust. Only Rudi, the youngest,
understands and flees to join the
Jewish resistance. The Doris, led
by a German lawyer who is prod-
ded by his ambitious wife, be-
comes an ardent Nazi in working
for Heydrich.
Green's story starts with a
prologue set in Israel in 1952.
Rudi Weiss, as the sole survivor
of his family, acts as narrator, his
story interspersed with sections
from diaries left by Maj. Erik
Dorf.
The Holocaust is Green's 18th
book and 13th novel. He has
written on the Holocaust in two
other books, Artists of Terezin
and The Legion of the Nobel
Christians. His other books in-
clude The Hostage Heart, The
Lotus Eaters and To Brooklyn
With Love.
Need to Maintain Control Over Bank
JERUSALEM (JTA)
Prime Minister Menachem
Begin of Israel reaffirmed
his government's position
on territories and settle-
ments and approaches to
peace and, in his address to
the National Press Club
and in responses to re-
porters' questions in a tone
of conciliation, expressed
his hope for an understand-
ing in the United States of
Israel's security require-
ments.
Begin spoke before a tense but
enthusiastic audience that over-
flowed the ballroom of the
National Press Club while the
world media was proclaiming
that he and President Carter
have failed to bridge gaps to
resolve the Middle Fast problems
and while rumors spread that the
Carter Administration was
determined to bring about his
ouster as Israel's leader through
a massive propaganda effort
because he is unbending on
Israel's position.
BEGIN'S address and his
response to questions reasserted
Israel's need to maintain military
control over Judaea, Samaria and
the Gaza Strip, the right to have
Jewish settlements in those
areas, and complete negation of
the "so-called Palestine Lib-
eration Organization."
But in his words and in his
manner he sought to conciliate
rather than to aggravate in any
way either the relations with
Carter or with Egyptian Presi-
dent Anwar Sadat.
His presentation was generally
viewed here as contrasting with
the toughness of the speech that
Sadat fired at Israel and Begin
when he spoke from the same
rostrum on Feb. 6.
BEGIN SAID that his pro-
posals for a settlement rep-
resented good and tested con-
cepts that are irrefutable and
repeated what he said was wide-
spread approval of them when
they were introduced three
months ago. He emphasized that
the Arab people in the occupied
areas would have full autonomy
under the peace plan with Israel
reserving its security for public
order.
"The issue," he said, is that in
Israel, with most of its
population living nine to 15 miles
on a coastal plain dominated by
mountains in Judaea and
Continued on Page 6
Increased Pledges a Must
By DR. STANLEY
MARGULIES
CJA-IEF Chairman
Jewish survival is what
the 1978 Combined Jewish
Appeal-Israel Emergency
Fund campaign is really all
about. History has shown
time and again that if we as
Jews don't insure our own
survival, no one else will.
The campaign leadership
is pleased to announce that
to date $3,765,521 has been
raised, maintaining more
than a 23 percent increase
over the same commitments
of last year.
DUE TO the high infla-
tionary rates, it is imperative
that all Jews realize that our
commitment must be in-
creased just to maintain the
service the CJA-IEF provid-
ed last year. Unfortunately,
"the same as last year" real-
ly amounts to less.
To preserve the Jewish
lifeline, it is vital that we
teach our children the tradi-
tions and values of Jewish
living. One way we can do
this is by giving an increased
commitment to the Com-
bined Jewish Appeal-Israel
Emergency Fund.
Dr. Stanley Margulies
Have you increased your
pledge yet? Please, for the
sake of the children, do it
soon.
ONE REASON for in-
creased giving is our children
and that's as good a rea-
son as any. In order to insure
Jewish continuity and sur-
vival, we must strengthen
our children's sense of Jew-
ish identity and commitment
wherever they may live in
South Broward, in Israel, or
in other parts of the world.
ration of South Broward recommends viewing the docudrama Holocaust over WCKT-TV, Channel 7,
on April 16from 8 to 11 p.m.. and April 17-19 from 9 to 11 p.m.


K*S
The original
Declaration of li
There was a time in history when
Man's right to independent worship
went unrecognized.
But,2145 years ago,an event
occurred that firmly established the
principle in the consciousness of Man.
In the year 167 B.C.E.,the first
war in history was fought to preserve a
peoples'way of life :their laws ;stand-
ards of morality ;and above all.the reli-
gion revealed to them in the wilderness
of Sinai more than a thousand years
before.
The Jewish people led by the Mac-
cabees.fought to break the religious
tyranny of the Assyrian-Greek conquer-
ors of ancient Judea who threatened
the very survival of the Jewish wav of
life.
The Maccabees and their followers
struggled not for personal gain.and
broader influence.but to preserve the
Jewish Faith.
Their ultimate victory was a tri-
umph of justice and human dignity It
brought to humanity's attention an
ideal that transcends life itself.
Chanukah is the Jewish Festival
that commemorates that victory For
eight nights, commencing with the 25th
day of Kislev.a candle is lit in even-
Jewish home. As the candle burns ft
gives hope that the faith of the Jews
win one day serve to banish tyranny
and oppression from the earth.
It is a yearly recurring declara-
tioni of mankind's independence* mem-
right of human beings to live and wor-
ship in freedom.
Li di S H JkVllumites Justice.lt is the
Ert8hM.freedomthat,ow-iBth.
It's what makes us Jews.
"htM<>hJ Jews-tiavailable
any Riverside chapel.
ilable at
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531-1151
NORMANDY ISLE: IttOXoi
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MIAMI: 1717 S.W.37thAv<
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H-4-7TI


Silverman to Be Keynote
:er at AJCommittee Dinner
Dward County chapter
rican Jewish Commit-
i its annual dinner and
neeting on April 9 at
nnounced Joseph Klei-
dent of the chapter.
I be the first time that
is presenting its Stu-
Iman Relations Award.
Explained that the reci-
|be selected from nomi-
every high school in
ounty for excellence in
! human relations, and
a gift of $250 along
ne.
.4AN of the dinner
jman announced that
speaker for the eve-
Ira Silverman, direc-
cial programs for the
Jewish Committee,
;ing on dealing with as-
Vrab influence in the
!S.
was the director of
e for Jewish Policy
id Research of the Sy-
*ouncil of America. In
city, he wrote several
Jewish policy issues
Ira Silverman
for the Institute's Analysis
series.
Ms. Goldman is accepting res-
ervations for the cocktail-dinner
reception, and reservations can
be made by contacting the Amer-
ican Jewish Committee office in
Hallandale.
a Wexler To Oversee CJA-IEF
fexler, former Women's Miami Jewish Federation, Flc-
lirector of the Jewish rida Region chairman of the
of South Broward, American Jewish Committee,
Board member of the National
UJA women's division, and
coordinator of the CJFWF
General Assembly.
Viewing Guide For
'Holocaust'Available
The Jewish Federation of
South Broward will have copies
of a family home viewing guide to
use as an educational tool for
community members as they
view the NBC docudrama Holo-
caust, scheduled to air April 16
from 8-11 p.m. and April 17-19
from 9-11 p.m.
Community members can stop
by the Federation office to pick
up a copy.
Stewart-Coleman's
Musical at Parker
/ Love My Wife, a Michael
Stewart-Cy Coleman musical, is
now appearing with Brad Blais-
dell, Kenneth Cory, Maureen
Moore and Mary Murray star as
the quartet of would-be
"swingers," in a limited four-
week fun at Fort Lauderdale's
Parker Playhouse.
Film, Discussion
On Holocaust Set
Temple Beth El in Hollywood
will sponsor Voyage of the
Damned, a full-length feature
film; and an in-depth discussion
of the Holocaust led by spiritual
leader Rabbi Samuel Jaffe at 7:30
p.m. Wednesday, April 12 in the
Tobin Auditorium.
The film and discussion are de-
signed to prepare the community
for the NBC docudrama Holo-
caust to be shown April 16
through April 19.
Children will be admitted free
of charge.
Joel Weiss Named Cash Chairman
ifo
Reva Wexler
lamed Assistant Exec-
ctor of the Federation,
to Sumner G. Kaye,
i executive director.
exler has been with the
n for two years. Her
as assistant executive
will include overseeing
efforts of the Combined
ppeal-Israel Emergency
rts in South Broward.
active in Jewish corn-
airs, Mrs. Wexler is a
ident of the Greater
:tion of the National
f Jewish Women, the
Division of the Greater
Plantation Auto Supply
4713 SW 45th St.
Ft. Lauderdale
Orange Drive
Industrial Plaza
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Joel Weiss has been named
Cash Collection Committee chair-
man of the Jewish Federation of
Joel Weiss
South Breward's 1978 Combined
Jewish Appeal-Israel Emergency
Fund campaign, according to
Federation President Lewis E.
Cohn.
An attorney in Hollywood,
Weiss has been serving as chair-
man of the Federation's Leader-
ship Development Committee for
the last two years. He is the most
recent recipient of the Hy and
Belle Schlafer Young Leadership
Award of the Jewish Federation.
AS PREPARATION for the
Cash Collection Committee
chairmanship, Weiss will be
attending the annual Cash
Collection Mission sponsored by
the United Jewish Appeal, April
13-19.
"The purpose of this mission is
to go to Israel and see firsthand
what the needs really are in Is-
rael. Then I will be better
equipped to come back to South
Broward and convert the pledges
that we have into cash," ex-
plained Weiss.
Marcus Donates
Art to Federation
Leonard Hart Marcus, a res-
ident of the Galahad Court, has
donated a painting of David Ben-
Gurion made especially for the
new offices of the Jewish Federa-
tion of South Broward.
Marcus has been donating his
time and artistic talents to the
Federation's Combined Jewish
Appeal-Israel Emergency Fund.
He was responsible for the hand-
painted posters that have been
used in area buildings.
Due to ill health Marcus has
returned to Massachusetts to be
with his family.
Posl Haste Shopping Center
4525 Sheridan St Hollywood, Fla.
Phone 961 6998
Personal Service Book Store
arnett
anK
Barnett Bank
of Hollywood
Tyler Sfreet af 19th Avenue Phone: 925-8200
Insured
"Bountifully illustrated and authoritative." New York Times
"Will find its place on the shelf of everyone interested in the
Jewish experience." Gerson D. Cohen, Chancellor. The Jewish
Theological Seminary of America
"The visual history of (the) Passover Haggadah is presented in
magnificent fashion.. The 200 facsimile plates are lovely."
San Francisco Examiner
Five centuries of the printed
Haggadah in one superb
volume you can give tips
Passover. =
HAGGADAH
AN HI STORY
For a friend who values the
Passover tradition.
For a seder host and hostess.
For your own borne library.
$27 50 at Book. Museum, and
Judaica Stores or from
THE JEWISH PUBLICATION
SOCIETY OF AMERICA
Department HZl
117 Soath 17th Street
Philadelphia. PA IS1M
68.,
MKll

Pitas* sead me:
______, copies of HAGGADAH AND HISTORY < tZ7.it per copy.
Enclosed is my oh#f k for % "" '*5*SS;ir-
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AMmaa
City State D Please send me a copy of the new .IPS Zip catalog
II


Spotlight on Petrodiplomacy
Drew Middleton. the New York Timesman. writes in
a current report that Israels air installations in the Sinai
oninsula. one of which is so sophisticated that it cost in
excess of S4 billion to construct, are being heavily used
these days by U.S. air reconaissance units in surveillance
activity against the Soviet Union.
Why?
Simply, because the Soviet expansion into Africa is a
cruel and obscene joke at the same time that the Carter
administration is negotiating with the Soviets on SALT
agreements and at the same time that we are engaged with
the Soviets in human rights debate at Belgrade.
Also, because the Soviet Union's increasing grip on
the Horn of Africa more and more openly endangers our
oil routes from abroad.
In the eyes of the Pentagon, this reconnaissance is
indispensable to our security.
Meanwhile. President Carter and the anti-Israel State
Department is applying unbearable pressure (despite their
feeble denials) on Israel not only to give up the air instal-
lations, but all of the Sinai.
One wonders why there are such divisive and. indeed,
suicidal impulses in American political life.
What the Middleton report comes down to is a spot-
light on petrodiplomacy Pentagon or State Department
style.
While growing American sentiment is to back Israel
into a corner, or even off the world map. there are some
circles in Washington that continue to regard Israel's
presence in the Middle East as an adjunct to our security
not. as many want us to see it now. a liability or even
cpuse to question the loyalty of those who dare to continue
to support Israeli survival.
Good-Bye, Mayshie
All of us will miss Mayshie Friedberg. who died last
week at the age of 95.
There was not a function in behalf of some Jewish
cause that would fail to bring out the commanding May-
shie Friedberg presence white-bearded like some ancient
Hebrew Patriarch, his beret disarmingly cocked atop his
silver head, walking up and down the aisles among tables,
in and out of the aisles of auditoriums, his pockets jam-
med with pledge cards, pleading for support for Israel.
Mayshie devoted himself to Federation, to Bonds, to
Histadrut, to Farband, to Hebrew University, to Tech-
nion, to the Jewish National Fund. One can go on and on.
No male chauvinist, Mayshie also shook hands,
cajoled and wheedled support for Israel in the cause of
Hadassah and other women's organizations.
The community said good-by to Mayshie Friedberg
at a special memorial service on Miami Beach last Sunday
afternoon.
Those present were not mourning him. They were
seeing him once again white-bearded patriarch, his
beret disarmingly cocked atop his silver hair, shaking
hands, cajoling and wheedling, his pocketa jammed with
pledge cards for one cause: Israel.
Dangerl'BUmgmlPressures M
View 'Holocaust' as Remembrance
As a preparation to the NBC
docudrama Holocaust, the Jew-
ish Federation of South Brew-
ard's Young Leadership Com-
mittee sponsored Voyage of the
Damned, a full-length feature
film; and an indepth Holocaust
discussion led by Temple Beth
Shalom spiritual leader Rabbi
Morton Malavsky.
Speaking to a full house, Rabbi
Malavsky impressed upon the
importance of viewing the NBC
program to be aired April 16-19
In viewing, studying, respond-
ing^we remember and we refuse
hatred and the final victory.
"WE SEEK to re-fuse' the
broken shards of memory, guilt
and hope into a new amalgam of
empathy with the victims, soli-
danty with our Jewish destiny,
tove and identification with the
redemption of all humankind "
declared Malavsky.
THE UNHAPPY findings g
resulting from the literacy tests
and other studies of public school |
performance in
Florida are a
irror of similarly unhappy
findings elsewhere across the
nation.
What troubles me is that it is
alleged teacher incompetence
that is taking the brunt of the
blame. On a sheer percentage
basis, one would be foolish to
argue that teache' incompetence
does not exist, although there are
some proponents of this cause for
the curse who are willing to offer
absurd statistics in support of
their simplistic conclusions.
MY OWN view is that the
trouble stems from other areas:
II federal tampering with state
and local school system
autonomy both directly and
indirectly: 21 local school board
acquiescence on an embarrassing
scale to multi-ethnic communal
pressures for democratic" rep-
resentation and special treatment
to accommodate the dis-
advantaged: 31 the publics
wildly-gyrating view of the
purposes of education: 41 a
generally weakening commit-
ment to the value of education in
the abstract and a parallel
diminution of respect for those
whose purpose in life it is to dis-
seminate it.
I am aware that there are
obvious relationships among
these four categories. Still, they
deserve individual examination
provided we can rid ourselves of
the Jeffersonian half-truth, all
men are created equal, and sub-
stitute for it the Kousseauistic
notion from which Jefferson
adapted it in the Social Contract
that those who sign on the dotted
line of a social contract to become
members of a community must
be regarded as having equality of
opportunity within it.
THIS IS a far cry from saying
that all men are created equal, for
they decidedly are not; other-
wise, all of us would be Kinsteins
and Galileos. Kembrandts and
Shakespeares. Mozarts and
Michelangelos.
It is in just this fraudulent
misconception of education in a
democratic society that our
troubles begin Once it is applied
to public education, all hell
breaks loose, particularly as it
did after World War II.
I fought and was willing to
die for my country, and I deserve
a college degree, was the general
Gl cry Add to this that the
federal government paid for the
cost of achieving the degree, and
the GI's assessment that he
deserved a degree became the
federal government's guarantee
that he would indeed achieve it.
Mindlin
BUT SINCE all men are not
created equal, how could the
guarantee operate? How could
every' G' be assured of success?
Why. simply lower the academ-
ic standards by command in the
same way that the federal fiat
eradicated financial capability as
a requirement for a college edu-
cation, which is what the Gl Bill
was uniquely intended to do
nothing else And so. in one
sweeping act. in the name of
democracy." a college degree
was no longer the prize of the
fiscally and academically privi-
leged American A college degree
wai thenceforward a basic
American right.
Kxcept. of course, that the
degree was also no longer the
prize it had originally been.
Federal intervention to assure
that the Gl Hill of Rights was
working grew to mean reduced
standards and reduced value,
not only for what the government
paid but for what people began to
receive in the guise of a college
education.
THIS POKING of Uncle
Sam's foot into the door of higher
education became an essentially
wrenching of the door off its
hinges as the civil rights move-
ment lurched forward. It in-
volved a growing tampering with
academic standards to assure
multiethnic success all up and
down the line from university
level (the current Kakke case in
California challenging federal
guidelines is an example) on
down to the nightmare of failure
we face in the public school
s> stem on the community level.
Uncle Sam sustained, and so
Uncle Sam ordained All of which
brings us to the second of the
trouble spot! in education today
school board submission to
multiethnic pressures.
< >nce the federal government in
the name of democracy estab-
lished the principle that a
suitable student success ratio is a
sine qua non not only to its fiscal
support but to its newly-devised
academic rights guaranteed all
Americans, it was but a short
Jewish Floridian
and SHOFAR OF GREATER MOLLYWOOD
Hollywood Office 136 S Federal Hwy Suite 2M DaTua Fl. 1*004
Telephone MO-&018 ^^
FRED K. SHOCTIET PLANT S NE B 8t *' **> ">>. 3TS-4S0.
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The ftSS KKS2 om raam Th. k.XUv' Ed,tor
Of The Merchandise Adv.msed In Hi Columns "
Published Bl Weekly
Second Class Postage Paid at Danla. Fla *o60d
The Jewish Floridian has absoijed the Jewish Unity and tht Jewish Weekiv
Me...ber ol tht Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Sevan Am Feature SynZa.eEEL
w.de News Service. Nat.on.l Editorial Assooat.on, American iSMMM 1
English-Jewish Newspapers, and the Florida Press Association. ***<*'"on <*
SUBSCRIPTION RATES: (local area) One Year-*7.s,. Out of Town Upon Request^
Friday, April 7,1978
Volume 8
29 ADAR 2-6738
Number 7
hop. skip and jump I
promise and destroy |
fectiveness of the lowj, I
education, which also
'ederal aid if via a
oute.
THIS MEANT you I
demand, say. of m,
Spanish-speaking stud*.
had been demanded
because if you did. m,
bluntly, they would u
since the new democratic ^
not to fail but to pj
naturally it was thTa,
that had to give to avoids
of exclusionary elitism.
The sociological bull L
of this is that academic
keeps the disadvanupj
pacted in their ignorai
illiteracy and that thisB|
a waste of human res.
American society, but i
prejudicial and even rv_
ticularly if we recall the]
sonian misrepresents!*]
Rousseau that all menartj
equal.
In lower levels of
notably the public
federa Uy -ord a in wl result i
to trumpet the call that;.
more than one path to k,
(success) or. to be mortj
there is more than onti
skin a cat.
RATHER THAN
disadvantaged Black orS
speaking student fail, ratl
have him feel inferior I
ethnic background
him in his attempt tot
the predominant cultural
why simply inlrodurt i
norms.
This has meant it* I
duct ion of bilingualismi
culturalism inU> the i
riculum a wrenchinjfl
American separatism in c
to the old Melting I'm i
which this nation grew
Who says you have iti
read and write Knglish u|
uaU-? That is racist
genocidal. as some sludfMil
learned to charge, a wonl|
would never know, let
able to pronounce, if not I
federally-ordained bulk
ogists around preachings
neo-.Jeffersonian den
IN TERMS of the
student, whose literacy'
further depressed by L
speech impediments and I
slanguage. federal!)-"L
intimidation of sun* ujl
school systems, encouriaj
misguided parents whoinj
indifferent or themselves H
against the established I
which they. too. have h
these days parlayiafl
resulting chaos into till
rageous recornrnendiuoij
Black speech P"tu*
reading and writing di
be accepted as equivalenuj
therefore in lieu of *
Knglish.
That is our la"*"*^. i
Who says you are np-j
say. You learn to >P*
they say a If*"*
adapUtionoftheBtkhrmr
that Black is beauUful
Not behind, of *?'
Spanish-speaking, who m\
increasing success Wmi
establishment of bi-liiwfl
munities and bi-iuuJub
characteristic of the
experience sanctioned Dyi
mental decree.
IT IS precisely-H
cidentally. if an-vwhT,,l
craven submission to""5,
multi-cultural norms
teacher incomiHtence
It is precisely hen?tluH
with poor training anfl
valion survive best-
precisely here that
goes.


ipril 7,1978
Tht Jtwith Floridian and Shofar of Greater HoUyioood
Page 5
on Target in Reporting Anti-Semitism at IWY

)R, The Jewish Floridian:
Adieus letter (Mar.
icking Leo Mindlin's col-
Sadat and ERA: Study
is a confusion and mis-
of the important points
ly Mr. Mindlin.
| read it, the column said
be anti-ERA is to be willy-
lignwi on this issue with
|reme right-wing which is
quite obviously anti-Se-
so that Jews who are an-
find themselves (rather
lortably, one hopes) bed-
1 with their worst enemies,
the KKK, the Nazi
the John Birch Society
the Christian Defense
JEST as I can tell, Mr.
was sharing information
by many observers at
suston IWY Conference.
OUR
R6A66RS
WRIte
;.. Hi
Koheli / tasli si
Women from some of our best
Jewish organizations returned to
pool the evidence of signs around
the Colosseum of "Kikes for
Dykes" and (misspelled) "Who
Needs Jews, Dikes, Abortion and
Communism." photographs of
Continued on Page 14
IMKEBEUEUE
rMEUER
HflPPHED
MIDITCOULb
There are those who say
we must forget what happened at
Dachau and Auschwitz and Buchen-
wald. And Munich. And Entebbe.
There are those who say that
Israel's people must stand on
their own feet and not expect
help from Jews in America.
And that the problems of
Jews in Russia have abso-
lutely nothing to do with the lives
of Jews living today in Florida. And
that the problems of the aged Jews
in South Broward have nothing to do
with the survival of Jews as a people
all over the world.
To those people we say this. You have failed to learn the lesson
history has carved into our souls. For we are not just Russian Jews.
Or Polish Jews. Or New York Jews. Or Holly wood Jews. Or young
Jews. Or old Jews. We are simply Jews. ,
And if it is not safe to be a Jew everywhere on earth, it is not
safe to be a Jew anywhere on earth.
And if it is not safe to be a Jew, it wiU^^
not be safe to be a human being. SUPPORT THE
You and me JEUMSH FEDERATIOIl OF SOUTH BROWRRD'S
" 78ComBinEDJEWISHMOTM./GRBEL
EmERGEncv Funo.
2719 Hollywood Boulevard, Hollywood, Florida 33020. Phone 921-8810.
. i


P*gtS
Need to Maintain Control
The Jewish end Shohr of Greater Hollywood
,i i >* i i i
P*W
Continued from Page 1
Samaria, Soviet artillery could
blast every Israeli village and
town.
"Who controls the range of
hills." he said, means to Israel "a
matter of life itsell.
BEGIN SAID Israel "wants
peace negotiations to move ahead
at a speedy pace." He declared
that "we don't want a stalemate
of procrastination, we yearn for
peace for Israel and her neigh-
bors."
He said "to accomplish it we
must have patience for each
other, open minds, open hearts,
never to say: 'if you don't accept
our demands I call off the
talks." a reference to Sadat's
cancellation of the Israeli-Egyp-
tian political talks.
Asked if he believed Carter was
trying to force him out of office.
Begin replied. "No I don't. The
Prime Minister of a democratic
country is elected by the people
of the country." He added that
only those people can make the
change.
TO A question asserting that
Begin and Carter are far apart on
the elements of a peace agree-
ment, the Prime Minister
responded that he was grateful to
Carter for the three summit
meetings in July. December and
this month.
He said the U.S. "role is
positive" and alluded to the
contacts established for Israel by
U.S. officials. He said he was
"sorry" that the question of
settlements on the West Bank
aroused tension.
"Perhaps we didn't explain it"
in suitable terms, he said. But he
inisted "they are perfectly legal
and legitimate. This is our stand
Everything else stands on the
timing and the decisions of
Israel." he said about the setti
ments.
On the question of placing
warplanes for Saudi Arabia.
Egypt and Israel in one package.
Begin said there should be "no
linkage of planes for Israel with
any other country." He stressed
that Israel felt that providing
Saudi Arabia with F-15s would
be "very, very dangerous" for
Israel
SPEAKING after his final
meeting with Carter. Begin said
it was his "duty" to remind
public opinion of the fact that
Israel is still the only country in
the world against which there is a
written document to the effect
that it must disappear" and
people who carry out "the abom-
inable acts to prove that they
mean it.
This was a reference to the
Covenant of the Palestine
National Council and the Pales-
tine Liberation Organization.
This situation. Begin added, "is
the decisive problem we face,
which is called, sometimes,
security.''
Buses to Jubilee
For Area Students
The Jewish education commit-
tee of the Jewish Federation of
South Broward sponsored buses
for area students to visit the Is-
rael Jubilee Shuk" (market-
place! and archaeological exhibits
at the Miami Beach Convention
Center, according to Chairman
Moses Homstein.
Over 200 students were able
to take advantage of the buses, in
order to see the displays. The
students participating in the pro-
gram came from Miramar High
School. McNichol Middle
Schoool. Temple Beth Shalom
and Temple Solel." explained
Homstein. The buses ran from
South Broward to Miami Beach
on March 31 and April 2." he
added.
I
f JS
Congressman J. Herbert Burke (R., Fin.) recently md
group of Pine Crest seniors at the United States J
Representatives. The group, which makes an i
Washington, D.C., was chaperoned again this yewbl
Barber. Congressman Burke talked with the studevU
floor of the House Chamber for about an hour
questions regarding the Mideast situation and the I
Canal. The Congressman then gave a brief tour oft
side of the U.S. Capitol.
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pril 7,1978
Th JtwUh FlorjfUan Qfuj Shofhr of Gnatmr Hollywood
Page 7
New Ideas for Teaching Passover
Presented at Teachers Institute
the Teaching of the Haggadah"
(4th to 7th grades), with leader
Abraham Gittelson.
its of Sea Edge gathered to hear
Ben-Ari, a member of the Israel
ion to the United Nations (left) and
5F Campaign Chairman, Dr. Stanley
Margulies (right), are (from left) Nellie
Lerner, Mrs. Bert Shapiro, Mrs. Herman
Schulman, Bert Shapiro and Herman
Schulman.
tzberg Cautions U.S. Against Doom, Gloom Scenario
Hertzberg. outgoing
It of the American Jewish
is, has cautioned against
torn and doom scenario"
, U.S.-Israeli relations
; the failure of President
nd Prime Minister Mena-
egin to resolve their dif-
at their talks in
Igton.
the same time." he said,
lents to Attend
100I in Israel
I students from area South
schools will be attend-
Jewish Federation of
it would be false optimism not
to concede that American Jews
feel a growing sense of worry and
dismay at the current trend of
U.S. policy in the Middle Past."
SPEAKING to 500 delegates
at the A J Congress' national
biennial convention here in what
was his valedictory address as
president of the organization.
Hertzberg voiced optimism over
the future of American-Israeli
relations and the continuity of
Jewish identity in the U.S.
Israel's security is an
Elbe Katz
[Hroward's High School in
jrogram, according to Elbe
program chairman.
rough a new way called in-
learning, hundreds of
:hool students discover
eight weeks, they can
year's material. What is
more remarkable, is that
love it." explained Mrs.
HAVE two students that
attending the spring ses-
ive that will attend the
pr session; and two for the
tie declared.
students don't return to
es with just a report card
ome interesting stories
life in Israel. They return
very strong sense of who
re and a vital commitment
feet of values they hardly
Existed before."
/TT\ notary Laws OtJMfVVd
B-18 will love being losers
ATCAMPSTANLfY
THE ORIGINAL NON MEOICAL
M DOWN LUXURY SUMMER
P No harsh regimes iusi days
D'dmdhcally successlul tor
rears Averjge weight loss ?0
Winter follow up program
' t icccdiied
PERB 220 ACRE FACILITIES: 9 all
fi s Courts Heated Pool
iteGolt Course and lake Slimnas
j nance Center Oisco & Game
>' Plus all sports Supervision by
MrJU
fOR SUMMER 7S Cntilied
p|o Automatic baHlhiowing
1 9 mstant video tape replay
p'tc, dance workshop
'.'' D'OQijm tfc ?l Prtonf 0' ratrai
. n i' f'ocriuie
i.(If jgr .mo pnom
imp Stanley
i08 HurlryviMe. N Y 12747
> 0323 (312) 3" (430
essential element of American
security." he said. 'President
Carter understands that and
so does Prime Minister Hegin.
THERE IS no reason, nertz-*
berg said, "for any gloom and
doom scenario that forecasts a
rupture of U.S.-lsrael relations.
All parties to the Middle East
conflict need to get past rhetoric
and the battle over formulations'
and return to the negotiating
table and the long hard process of
dealing with concrete issues and
specific arrangements," he said.
Dr. Diana Reisman announced
a Peaach Institute which was
held for Hollywood teachers of
Templea Beth El. Beth Emet,
Beth Shalom, Temple in the
Pines, Temple Israel of Miramar
and Temple Sinai. The theme of
the evening was "Sparks of Free-
dom New Innovative Ideas for
Teaching Pesach." The host tem-
ple for the evening was Temple
Beth Shalom.
The evening began with sup-
per, with singing conducted by
Salee Harrison. This was fol-
lowed by the first series of work-
shops including:
"TEACHING the Haggadah
to the Younger Child" (nursery
to 3rd grades), with leader Shir-
ley Cohen.
"Individualized Instruction in
"Teaching Pesach Through the
iConcept of Freedom" (8th grades
and up), with leaders Dr. Reis-
man and Leon Weissberg.
THE SECOND series of work-
shops included: "New Insights
Into the Teaching of the Hagga-
dah" (all grade levels), with
leader Rabbi D. Lehrfeld, and
"Teaching Pesach Through Val-
ue Clarification" (5th grades and
up), with leader Stephanie King.
Also included were New Mod-
els for School Sederim, Sunday
School Seder, Class Seder, Par-
ent-Child (family) Seder and
Youth Group Seder, with leader
Louis Lister.
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Ciin I MfiKHO, .OaiACCOCO
"Ihave
my own ideas
about smoking?
"I know what I like out
of life. And one of the
things I like is smoking.
But there's no getting
away from the stories I
keep hearing about ciga-
rettes and high tar.
"There's also no get-
ting away from why I
smoke. I smoke for the
pleasure of it. For the taste.
And for enjoying a ciga-
rette after my long day as a
teacher.
"Then at night when I
work my other jobas a
drummer -1 enjoy lighting
up between sets. It's part of
the way Hive.
"For me, the dilemma was
how to find a cigarette that
could give me taste without high
tar. And that was quite a dilemma.
"Which is why I appreciate
Vantage as much as I do. It's the
only low-tar cigarette I've found
(and I've tried several other brands)
that really gives
me cigarette taste
and satisfaction.
"And the
Vantage filter is
especially neat
because it's firm
yet easy drawing.
"As far as
Vantage goes, my
mind is made up.
And that's just the
way I like it."
Mike Barbano
Atlanta, Georgia
Regular, Menthol,
and Vantage 100s
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PaceS
ThtJemUkPbrUimt ^mdSkohrofOrmittrHoiywood^
Frid*
y.AjJ
South Broward Institutions
Celebrate with Purim Fest
Seven institutions of the South
Broward area joined with the
Jewish Federation of South
Broward's Chaplaincy Service in
the celebration of Purim. They
include the following nursing
homes: Dania Nursing Home;
Golfcrest Nursing Home; Hal-
landale Rehabilitation Center:
Hollywood Hills Nursing Home;
and Washington Manor.
Galahad Women for CJA-IEF
At each of these homes large
shalach manot baskets were de-
livered by the Aviva chapter of
Women's B'nai B'rith. Golfcrest
Nursing Home's shalach manot
basket was prepared by the reli-
gious school of Temple Sinai un-
der the guidance of Rosalyn Sei-
del, educational director. The
shalach manot project of the
Aviva chapter of B nai B nth was
chaired by Wendy Benjamin.
SHALACH MANOT baskets
also were delivered to the geri-
atric division of the South Flori-
da State Hospital and the chil-
dren's division of that insti-
tution.
A Purim service and celebra-
tion was held at the nursing
homes. State Hospital and the
Broward Correctional Insti-
tution.
Seventy patients of the South
Florida State Hospital attended
the Purim service and celebra-
tion, tendered by the Hillcrest
and Hallandale chapters of
Women's B'nai B'rith. Edna
Goldstein, of Hillcrest chapter,
was chairperson of the Purim
party
Also participating were George
Goldstein. Rose and Max Weiss
and Adele Samuel all of Hill-
crest. Representing the Hallan-
dale chapter were Pauline Sch-
weitzer. Lil Glasson, Belle and
George Dinney.
I
Some of the Galahad North WWl
Diviaion of the Jewiah Federation of South
Broward discussing the growing needa of the
people of Israel at a recent luncheon on
behalf of the Combined Jewiah Appeal-larael
Emergency Fond are (from left) j
Steiger, Mina Fleekop, Ida Uvin m
man), Lee Hoberman, Cedle Kranti,,
Haapel, Jean Brotz and Joeie Singer, I
present waa Mary Feldman.)

Reviewing the campaign fact* and Figures for
the Jewish Federation of South Broward'a
Combined Jewish Appeal-Israel Emergency
Fund at Golden Surf are (from left) Harold
Blumenfeld, Rabbi Paul M. Katz. Ralph
Grant, Hallandale "A" area
Irving Baum. Murray Green, cw
Sid Weiss, chairman; Irving Jonda (
man; and Sam Weiaaberg.
Sharing in the Purim celebration at Washington Manor are
(seated, from left) Barbara Silvers, Herman Reiter and Mrs.
David Levine. Standing (from left) are Rabbi Harold Richter,
Leon Ehrhch, Max Popowitz, Jack Green and Hy Conn.
Fortunately,
some things never change.
, china omom
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O- KOSHER
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The ancient traditions remain, generation after
Generation And today we observe Passover as our
forefathers did thousands of years ago
For almost a century, the old fashioned good
ness of Man,s.:hew,.z has ushered in festive hoi,
day dinners In lewlsh homes all over America
This year, once again. Maritschewrtz tBatzo. gaflte
fish soup and other delectables will grace am
traditional table.
Treat your family and friends to a taste of lr*
dilion too.
And have a good Passover!
'''''''Ii'i'malgoodrttssvou can count on.
iscfiewitz.
fe*
^\;| pfiSSOm!^^ .

Manischewitz


17,1978
The Jewish Floridian andShofar of Gnafr Hollywood
Page 9
A ^-* *
\
0
s r i
7> i^r->.

&
iah Players (above) will present "Survival 78" is
of Israel's 30th Anniversary and in support of the
[Anne Coplin Memorial Wing of Beth Shalom Day
lie program will be held Thursday, May 11 at 7:30
ke Temple Beth Shalom grand ballroom. All proceeds
It the new addition to the Day School. For tickets and
n, contact the Beth Shalom Day School.
South Broward Phon-a-thon Begins
A large portion of the gifts that are made to the Jewish
Federation of South Broward's Combined Jewish Appeal-Israel
Emergency Fund comes as a result of the Phon-a-thon, which is
now under way at the Federation offices. Campaign workers
dedicate their time and energy to coming to the office to make
phone calls which increase the CJA-IEF for South Broward.
At holiday time...
warming hearts in Jewish homes
for 100 years!

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all year 'roundTetley's
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The favorite in Jewish homes since 1875
TETLEY. TEA 2S
A CENTURY OLD TRADITION
nosb
Certified Kosher lor Pissovsr
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MOTTS
puts spring ta'am into Passover

This joyous springtime festival, Mott's puts he
goodness of sun-ripened fruit on your table. A tradition in Jewish homes
for generations, Mott's makes all your old favorites and exciting new treats.
See all the Kosher L'Pesach Mott's your store has and put in a bountiful supply. At mealtime
and noshtime, for family and friends, you can rely on Mott's for instant enjoyment.
To you and your family, A Healthy Happy Passover.
Certified Kosher-Parve tor Passover by Rabbi J. H. Ratbag


Pag* 10
Tkt J*wisk MWgjP d Skofar ofOrmUr HoMywood
***,
IJCC Holocaust Program To Follow TV Production
*-' "Holocaust Retros]

"Holocaust Retrospect: An
Evening of Commemoration and
Discussion" is planned for a spe-
cial "Sunday Nite at the JCC"
April 23 at 8 p.m. in the Michael-
Ann Russell Jewish Community
Center.
Presented by the North Dade
Midrasha, the program will focus
upon the Nazi Holocaust, during
which six million Jews perished.
The North Dade Midrasha is an
institute for Jewish studies,
sponsored jointly by Beth Torah
Congregation. Temple Sinai of
North Dade, and two beneficiary
agencies of the Greater Miami
Jewish Federation the Mi-
chael-Ann Russell Jewish Com-
munity Center and the Central
Agency for Jewish Education
(CAJE).
ACCORDING TO Abe Gittel-
son, associate director of CAJE
and overall coordinator for "Ho-
locaust Retrospect," "The im-
portance of such a program at
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this time is magnified because it
will follow closely on the heels of
the upcoming Holocaust series on
television."
NBC Television will broadcast
the nine-and-a-half-hour docu-
drama, Holocaust, on four con-
secutive nights, April 16-19. The
production is written by author
Gerald Green, who wrote The
Last Angry Man.
Fifteen major national Jewish
organizations have pooled efforts
to produce study materials for
use in viewing the mini-series,
and much of this material will be
used during the Midrasha's "Ho-
locaust Retrospect," which is
scheduled for the Sunday night
following the conclusion of Holo-
caust.
ARTHUR TEITELBAUM.,
southern area director for the
Anti-Defamation League of B'nai
B'rith and the featured guest for
"Holocaust Retrospect," will
speak during the 45-minute first
portion of the program, during
which he will raise issues pro-
voked by the television dramati-
zation.
This commemorative portion
of the evening will also include
comments from Rabbis Ralph
Kingsley of Temple Sinai and
Max Lipschitz of Beth Torah. on
the centralitv of the Holocaust in
Jewish life today, and cantors
from the two synagogues will
perform memorial prayers and
songs of the Jewish resistance
during Holocaust times. Many of
these songs are associated with
the Warsaw Ghetto uprising,
which took place during the
Passover holiday 35 years ago.
Following the commemorative
portion of the evening, the audi-
ence will be divided into groups
of 25 to discuss issues raised dur-
ing the evening. Participants will
use prepared study guide mater-
ial which will be supplied before-
hand for free.
GROUP DISCUSSION lead
ers include Abe Gittelson, associ-
ate director of CAJE: Gene
Greenzweig, executive director of
CAJE; Myron A. Berezin, execu-
tive director of the Jewish Com-
munity Centers of South Florida;
Rabbi Ralph Kingsley, Temple
Sinai of North Dade; Rabbi Max
Lipschitz. Beth Torah Congrega-
tion; Sandy Andron. youth pro-
gram director of CAJE; and
Rabbi Julian Cook, educational
director of Temple Sinai.
-Holocaust Retrospect" is free
and open to the community;
however, space is limited and ad-
mission will be by ticket only.
Free tickets and study guide kits
wul be avaflabk.-,
sponsoring in-j
""W AprU2.Tw
participating j,~"
trospect" should,
tickets and study l
to be assured
program.
** ft s *
ii
:wa*> }
. -....... id
*>
m
i
i
Participating in the Purim party for the resettled I
in South Hroward are (from left, rear): Dr. Alfred 1
Sam Meline. Rabbi Harold Richter, Fred Green,!
and Shei-v. in Rosenstein, director of the JFS. St
from left) are Saul Richter and Miriam Richter.
Seven Russian Jewish Family
Join in Purim Celebratioi
Some 50 people gathered at the
Jewish Community Center in
Hollywood to celebrate Purim,
including seven Russian Jewish
families who have been resettled
here by the Jewish Family Ser-
vice, a constituent agency of the
Jewish Federation of South
Broward.
The affair was chaired by Fred
Green, chairman of the Russian
resettlement committee of Jewish
Family Service. Mrs. Natalie
Havden was in charge of the col-
lation. Dr. Alfred Mi
story of Purim in _,
Rabbi Richter. chapliol
led the Purim servicti
the Megulah. the Book I
This was the small
holiday celebrationt]|
wood's Russian Jewi.1
was held during tat I
season. The celebrt
jointly sponsored by,
mily Service and JT
laincy Service.
Mr. and Mrs. Louis Hoberman (center) were the recipients ot
the Israel Scroll of Honor at a Night for Israel sponsored by the
Galahad North Israel Bonds Committee. At left are Mr. and
Mrs. William Blumberg, chairmen, and (at right) Mr. and Mrs
Oeorge Gordon, honorary chairmen.
4+
m
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OPEN 7 DAYS
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22*2* ^NOTCl 'N THE LINCOLN MALL AREA
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SPECIAL PASSOVER PACKAGE RATE
11 days Apr. 20 to Apr. 30 $dOBB "'<>"
~AiV double occ
-J MEALS EVERY DAY
CANTORS SEIF A BERRIS OFFICIATING
Reservations Also Accepted For SEDURIM
or Any or All PASSOVER Meals
1 538-6631
For Rese'va' o->\C& I
THE FAMOUS
RESTAURANT
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Soup, dessert, & coffee with entree
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OUR SOUTH FLORIDA FRIENDS|
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Every Oceanfront Facility
Daily Relioiou.s.ryiciT
All Special Dietj
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by Cantor Victor Gelb
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Phone: 538-5731
ifisroa1
Reservations Accepted
* MtWiiplWfM Formerly o.
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SERVING BREAKFAST "OSID
LUNCH-REGULAR DINNERS "0HDATS
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uan
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SttCMLTKS -
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onmaimtiam*"*
Live munc from 9 10 p m ro 5 ,
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FREE VALET PARKING FOR DINNER


17,1978
Tha Jtwiih Floridian and Shofar of QriaUr HoUywood
Page 11
Ominous Signs for The 1980Moscow Olympics
most sports page
In't notice the para-
luse it turned up at the
fof the "jump" on a
thy story headlined
Flan Marketing of Pre-
lames."
It last paragraph was
nportant. Reporting
made by Victor A.
puty chairman of the
Immittee for Physical
lid Sport, the reporter
fonin as saying that
D00 foreign athletes
nvited to participate in
)lympic Spartakiade
This was the story's
nee:
llVONIN) refused to
rectly whether athletes
el, China or other
vith which the Soviet
[not on friendly terms
rited, but indicated they
|t unless they had an
unchallengable super-
lis event."
from the fascinating
of what is "unchal-
superiority" and who
s which athletes have it
do not have it, this
s an ominous harbinger
SILENT NO MORE
of what may come in the 1980
Moscow Olympics.
Late last year, 84 members of
the U.S. Congress charged in a
letter to the U.S. Olympic Com-
mittee that there is currently in
operation a conspiracy between
the Soviet Union and various
satellite nations to exclude Israel
from the Moscow Olympics. The
serious, documented charge was
given almost no attention in the
American press. The USSR, of
course, issued the expected per-
functory denials; but the Inter-
national Olympic Committee has
not yet obtained the explicit
written pledge (sought by mem-
bers of Congress and many
TAPES
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|lL 18-JUNE13,1978
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American athletes) that there will
be absolutely no discrimination
at the 1980 Olympics in terms of
athletes, spectators or newsmen.
BUT evidence continues to
mount that unless pressure is
exerted on Moscow and on the
International Olympic Com-
mittee that this is exactly what
the USSR intends to do: discrim-
inate against athletes and
reporters whose politics the
Kremlin does not approve of.
Nor do we have to go to
Moscow to obtain proof of this
intention. The day after Lee Les-
caze's story appeared, the Daily
World (Feb. 9), official organ of
the American Communist Party,
carried this significant dis-
closure:
"The Soviet Olympic Com-
mittee has asked the Inter-
national Olympic Committee to
bar hostile reporters of news-
papers, radio and television
stations that are established to
Southwest Group Holds Donor Lunch
The Southwest Broward chap-
ter of Hadassah recently held its
first annual donor luncheon at
the Beau Rivage Hotel in Hal
Harbour. Some 200 persons at-
tended, according to Mrs. Celle
Porter, chapter donor chairman.
Guest pseaker was Charlotte
Wolpe, a past group and chapter
president from Miami as well as
past president of the Florida re-
gion of Hadassah
SHE IS now a member of the
national Hadassah membership
task force and expansion chair-
man of the Florida region.
Rita Sherman, program vice
president, introduced the Habi-
mah Players,
"Survival'78."
who performed
destroy the spirit of peace and
friendship between the people
and the principles of the Olympic
movement.' "
SPECIFICALLY cited among
those the Soviet Olympic Com-
mittee wants to see barred are
reporters for Radio Free Europe
and Radio Liberty. But those, of
course, would be just the start of
a USSR blacklist of "hostile
reporters." Very high on the
black list will be reporters for
Israel's print and electronic
media, and if the Soviet sports
commissars get away with this,
surely farther down on the "hos-
tile reporters" list will appear
The Washington Post and its
sportswriters.

Discussing the need far solidarity with the people of South
Broward and the people of Israel at a recent coffee of the In
Town Hi-Rises Division of the Jewish Federation of South
Browiird's Women's Division are (from left) Ann Hamburg,
Fay Plum, Alice Greenberger and Helen Lipson.
For over thirty-five years, families
have been relying on Planters Oil
for all their Kosher cooking.
On Passover and all year through.
They like it because it's pure, light and
polyunsaturated. So the true taste
of the food comes through. Try
this traditional Passover recipe
and see what we mean. Cook it with
Kosher and Parve Planters Oil.
And Happy Passover.
ORANGE HONEY CHICKEN
Makes 4-6 servings
1 (4-pound) chicken, cut in serving pieces
V4 orange
2 teaspoons ground ginger
Pinch salt
Vs cup Planters Peanut Oil
V* cup honey
Orange slices
Rub chicken pieces with half orange.
Sprinkle with 1 teaspoon ground ginger and
salt. Combine Planters Peanut Oil, honey
and remaining 1 teaspoon ginger. Arrange
chicken in baking dish and brush with
honey mixture.
Roast in moderate oven (350" F.) 1 Vi to
2 hours, basting occasionally with the
honey mixture. Garnish with orange slices
before serving.
A Passover
Recipe
from the
Passover Oil
Certified Kosher and Parve for Passover
by Rabbi Bernard Levy.
Another fine product of
Standard Brands.



Page 12
The Jewish Fbridian and Shofarof Greater Hollywood
F*T.i
Summep Camping 78
Camp Wohelo Mountain Lake Camp
Camp Wohelo for girls has
been operated by the same family
almost 50 years. Bertha B. Levy,
a Miami pioneer, started the
camp in 1929. Today, the family
has added Camp Comet for boys
and Comet Trails for teenagers
Kach camp has its own complete
facilities adjacent to one another,
located high in the Blue Ridge
Mountains, only 70 miles from
Washington. DC.
There are over 60 second
generation children attending the
camps, and this year, the Florida
group will number close to SO.
Tennis is emphasized in the
program with 19 lighted tennis
courts Miamian Kami Fageros
Short is head pro In addition,
gymnastics is offered. There are
two lakes and two pools and river
trips, a science program, crafts,
theater, backpacking and rock-
climbing
Professional sports clinics are
presented all summer in baseball,
basketball. soccer. lacrosse,
tennis and gymnastics. The
director. Morgan I. Levy, lives in
Miami.
On a campus overlooking a
private lake, some 250 boys and
girls, ages 5-16. are exposed to all
aspects of land and water sports,
including tennis. horseback
riding, overnight camping trips,
racquet bal!. skiing, canoeing,
sailing and swimming.
Camp Highlander
Camp Highlander, located in
Horse Shoe. N.C.. near Asheville.
is a residential camp for boys and
girls ages 7-16 Three, six and
nine week sessions are offered
and include wilderness camping,
river canoeing, hiking, tennis.
horseback riding, swimming, arts
and crafts and other sports.
Camp Advisory Service
Parents who have difficulty in
deciding upon the type of
summer experience that would be
appropriate to their child's in-
terests just might find the
direction they need with the
advice provided by the Advisory
Service on Private Schools and
(amps.
a smuts* of fun I
A SUMMt OF St Ml 0 US STUM !
A JMWft Of C0UCA7MHIAI TMAVfl!
Camp Atlaitii
-lltC. FKIIT !. bat CAMPS
CAM* DATIS JUNI 1*3"l'lrr|M I 1,1y7
Mm It TO MMM4T 2S.lt7l k C (
Ul. 981 1009.
HOU.TWOOO, PlOMDft lrct St
Hill fry
o
CAMP ATLANTIS HOURS
1*11 HAUANDAll HACK SIVD
is* HonrwooD uve
55 1 MtaCI JTillT
7:MAM. TO t:Mf>..
MliA TO S:Mf>..
Ct rt Ml LB rwi a IOM IM i .
CHAM COOl CUntll coIOII.III NOT tUNCM -
a summn of commsHcs fo* mom i
Ti.iTu iKunrvi mop m-un-ra wuivici
CNMMtM mat m -Morns or- at oni mm atuucti*
N0" HCKI0 u-AI ANOTMII CAM* ATlANTIt At MTWIM
CAMPS TIANSPOtTATION II 'III.
0 TRANSPORTATION
The Advisory Service on Pri-
vate Schools in New York was
established in 1939. It has been
instrumental in
thousands of boys and girls at
private camps, ranches, tours,
and at private day and boarding
schools.
Grace Stein is in charge of the
Advisory Service in Hallandale.
Her training and experience have
combined to make her qualified
serve as an advisor in the
camping and related school
fields In addition to teaching at
the elementary and junior high
levels, she was the owner and.
director trf a resident camp in
New York State, (amp To-lie-
Do. for over 20 year--. She has
served on the Board of Governors
of the \meruan Camping Assoc-
iation and of the Association of
Private (amps For the past few
years, she advised parents of pro-
spective campers on available
summer experiences based on
interests, location and price
range
Camp Atlantis
Camp Atlantis is a com-
bination of summer fun and
learning exercised concurrently
on three campuses in Hallandale
and Hollywood from June 12
through Aug. 25.
Camp programs are designed
for four separate groups: ages 1
through 4: ages 5 through 7; ages
X and older 18 up club members I:
and children who have completed
kindergarten through grade 6
and desire to participate in the
summer enrichment program.
Programs are further subdivided
within groups by age and ability.
All camp programs may be at-
tended on a weekly, daily or
hourly basis.
The special feature of the camp
program provides for an on
campus" summer enrichment
program. The summer enrich
ment program provides an op-
portunity for students to make
up work failed or to study courses
they were unable to take during
their regular school year: or for
students to pursue enrichment
courses of their own choosing.
The enrichment program is
designed as a 10-week program
The regular camping season
WHICH PRIVATE CAMP'
INFORMATION AVAILABLE
A I TMOUT OBLIGATION TO YOU
We can help you find the
right camp or teen tour,
Let ut know your budget,
location desired, age. sex,
and Interests ol your child.
Information also available
on boarding schools.
features field trips to enhance the
normal activities. Some of the
trips will include visits to a pet
shop, a roller skating rink and a
fire house tour.
Camp Shalom
This is the eighth camp season
for Camp Shalom for boys and
girls, ages 6 to 15. Located out-
placing 9ide lhe town of Orange Springs, dancing and camDfirT
Fla it is 30 miles southwest of
Gainesville.
Dave and Shelley Sokol.
owners and founders of the camp,
have increased enrollment from
45 to 148 in the last seven years.
The camp
ere natural
white sandy
"iling, fishing
ming and water's
'our tennis ,*-.
I-JW-I1. sofu?1
and a Urge
basketball.
>nd crafts, hsyn^l
There
Camp Shalom |_
developing a child ,j
their enjoyment of i
continues aftercamp
We put
rtoonecampt
%


F.M
-
-f....... yWWwMwa,^
" f 'fcu ..A | |
r M M fM I
., Camp Shalom
mm 9^mm2714W7em27%aa Da.^w **-*^,_...
'""-'
250 Boys-Girls-Age 516
Mature, experienced staff. 1 par 4 campers
& Complete activity program includes:
Skiing. Canoeing. Sailing, Swimming. Tennis
back Riding. Landsports, Crafts, Overnight cWl
jk ping. Trips. Racquet Ball, Plus...
f Sabbath Services. Friday Eva. Finaicaii
Doctors and RN's In residence Enrollments
2P.0. Mi 41 -4450. Utmmh *.. I
9 UNITED OPENINGS CALL NOW 1 -305 144 )N|
^ mm I HafU SoTOfa-Oamois- CartffWCbaM
Camp hiQhlAnee]
Horse Shoe, North Carolina Near Asrw
W
Mrs Grace Stein
ADVISORY SERVICE
2NCA.VPS*P'VATE SCHOOL
i jos,<44 so??Daac
13051 457 ;t9Bro*ard
!% 1717)794-2}!)
EittUitM 1929
We Proudly Announce These Special Events
For our U7B Camping Season
mhS&RSSK' HOT. TENNIS PRO
Lighted Courts. Ball Machines. Video Reply
FULLGVMNASTIC PROGRAM: 2 ColkHJiate Ch.mni,
instructors. 2 Balance Beams. 2 Ui*veTpWiT P
Bars. Pummel Horse. Reuther Board *'"
CELEBRITY APPEARANCES: You'll Be Surprised! |.
FOR TEENAGE GIRLS
TRIP PROORAM...One Two Three Week Trips
Combined with Seven Six F ive Weeks Ot
Camping at Camp Wohelo
1 Weeks Thru Canada for I a year old girls
2 Weeks Thru New England lor 1 ] year old girls
Week Thru Skyline Drive for 14 year old girls.
NO ADDITIONAL CHARGES... OUR AMNIUCBcab v .___
OUR CAMPERS OF 1*7. IS THISOREAT SUMMER^ 'FT T
il S.W. 82nd Court. Miami, Fla 33144
Sister Camp To Camp Comet
A Residential Camp for Boys and Girls Ages 7 16 off*
wide selection of activities and times to fit every i
plan with 3-6-9 week sessions beginning June IT
week of popular Family Camping Aug. 20-24.
Program Offerings:
Wilderness Compmg
River Canoeing
Rock Climbing
Birling
H i k i ng
Gymnastics & Dance
Tennis
land Sports
River Rafting
Horseback Riding
Bicycle Molo-X
Archery & Riflery
Swimming
Arts & Crafts
For further information contact:
Mr. Tim T. Harris
PINE CREST SCHOOL
1501 N62 St., Ft Laudsttfale, Florid. tf
Phono (305) 772-6560
NON^SCBfAAfniATOgr APAVSSrQNS
R.0.5
Waynoaboro. Pa. 17281
CAMP
COMET
CCHIIHO
emp
fllCAM CAWI
ASSOCKriON
at mmu rj
CAMP
WOHELO
COMET TRAILS For Teenage Boy*
Lining TenniSCOUrt8 T^P.
Lmens, Laundry included in tuition
Large Group of South Florida Campers
Z7> D"#c,#d b>' *"""' mm.


illywood JCC Schedule
jres every Thursday, 10:30 a.m.
Nutrition Lecture "Practical Techniques for Im-
ping Our Daily Eating Habits"; Edward Kenney, nutri-
Medicare Benefits "Under Home Health"; Sally
ton. R.N.
Legal Issues "In Aging"; Richard Barnett, at-
>ecials at JCC in Hollywood
April 11 and Wednesday, April 12: Free blood
lure testing, sponsored by the American Red Cross.
Lprll 14,10:30 a.m., open to the public: Medicare claims
l seminar, with George Dyer, Blue Cross / Blue Shield
tentative from Jacksonville.
April Movies
I: The Sound of Music, with Julie Andrews.
Romeo and Juliet, Shakespeare play of young love and
Lily feuds. Filmed in Italy in actual Renaissance
|dings.
Israel Reports, a series of films which depict various
cts of Israel culture, religion, places and people.
SAVE UP TO 30%
FREE INSTALLATION ON
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792-2405 6319 Sav!-"9 Rd
AT THE COUNTRY ROADS SHOPPES. OPP. FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF DAVIE
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307 E. Hallandale Beach Blvd.
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A CREATION FOR EVERY OCCASION
\Fresh Flowers. Dried Silk Paper Flowers
European Dish Gardens Plants
Weddings Bar Mitzvahs
Hospital Funeral i
Sheldon R. Levin, M.D.
announces the relocation of hit offices
for the practice of
>h thai mo logy and Ophthalmic Surgery
2500 East Hallandale Beach Boulevard
Suite 315
Hallandale, Florida 33009
Telephone 458 8100
IKKDEENTV MART
SALES A SERVICE
fE REPAIR ALL NAME BRANDS
COLOR T.V. -B/W STOMEO
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WARRANTY: **]
ONE YEAR PARTS 90 DAYS LABOR
10% DISCOUNT TO SEMOR CITIZENS
CRE0IT TERMS AVAILABLE
MO*.- SAT. I It S P.M.
983-0980
6524 PEMBROKE ROAD
yearly yield...compounded dairy on
1,000 minimum deposit- 6 year certificate
Here's how the big percentages line up:
TERM MINIMUM OPENING RATE YEARLY
DEPOSIT YIELD
6 year certificate.....4,000. .7.75% .8.06%
4 year certificate.....1,000. .7.50% .7.79%
lYi year certificate .... 1,000. 6.75% 6.98%
1 year certificate.....1,000. .6.50% .6.72%
3 month certificate.... 1,000. .5.75% .5.92%
Atlanticount statement
savings......... 10.. 5.25%.. 5.39%
Daily reg. passbook ... 10 5.25% .. 5.39%
towltbiMy ol certilicate plans subifci CettilicatesaieautomalicaMyienewable
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*substantialinterest penallyisrequired upon eipnation ol the cuct term
loi eairy withdrawal Certificate with lo> amch tkoy am written
drawaisbelor-maturity aif patdmteiesl Allanticounf and te|ulji passbook
at the ief uiai passbook tale lot the accounts require a JS0 minimum bat
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on the amount withdrawn as required by paid Irom dale ol deposit lo dale ol
federal Reflations withdrawal
It nice) to know too lh*t your monwy is insured up lo $40000 by an agency ol the
Federal Government
Atlantic Federal
Savings and Loan
CXIicm in Oadw Broward and Palm Beach Counnes
For mioimaion call Dade 944 0?09 Broward 764 ?i11 Palm Beach 659 7i l 4?i 78J6
Assets over $1 Billion jgLjc


OUR
Reaoeps
WRite
"Let Thy Wordt Be Brief
Koheleth lEcdesiastts! j
Continued from Page 5
which also appeared in the special
Conference edition of the Hous-
ton Daily Breakthrough newspa-
per, and "L.A. White Women
Oppose IWY Convention, Reds.
Feds. Dykes and Kikes."
Also reported was the know-
ledge that resolutions were being
prepared by anti-ERA forces for
presentation on the Conference
floor condemning Israel and
equating Zionism with racism, si-
milar to the ones which came out
of the IWY conferences held in
Minnesota and Colorado, and the
first IWY conference in Mexico
City. It was felt that anti-Israel
reaction was blunted by the Be-
gin-Sadat meeting that weekend.
The fact that Mr. Adler saw no
mention of this in "mass media"
or "any respected publication"
might tell him how notoriously
bad coverage has been in the local
press particularly. It is. inciden-
tally, insulting to The Jewish
Floridian, as well as to columnist
Mindlin. to assume that they are
inaccurate and not "'respected."
or worse, because they appear to
be the sole local source of this in-
formation. Reason would dictate
that it is the "mass media" who
are wanting in this not them.
ADLER IS totally irresponsi-
ble in other points. His "worry"
that pro-ERA forces would pre-
sent and pass an anti-Zionism
resolution" is his own nonsense:
Career Forum To
Hear Klock
Joseph P Klock, president ot
The Klock Company. Realtors,
will be the featured speaker at a
career forum at 8 p.m.. Monday,
April 10 at the Klock firm's
South Broward office, located
east of University Drive in Pem-
broke Pines.
Klock is a recognized educator
in the real estate world, having
lectured throughout the United
States and Canada. Mexico and
Europe.
He is chairman of the training
programs committee and a
member of the executive com-
mittee of the Realtors' National
Marketing Institute.
Coin and Stamp Show
Set at Fashion Mall
The *ivenfle Diabetes Foun-
dation coin anfatamp show to be held at
HoJlvwSod Faahioa Center,
Sunday, April 16 between noon
. and 5 p.m., with exhibitions
throughout the mall.
Recreation Center
Announces Art Fest
The 18th annual Seven Lively
Arts Festival opens Thursday,
April 13 at Young Circle Band-
shell in Hollywood.
K rakovers to Receive
Israel Scroll of Honor
Mr. and Mrs. Ben Krakover re-
ceived the Israel Scroll of Honor
at a 30th anniversary celebration
of the birth of the State of Israel
April 1 at Temple Israel of Mir-
amar auditorium, announced
Morton Friedman, chairman.
pro-ERA forces find such a no-
tion repugnant. The Communist
Party is on record as opposing
the ERA (I suppose whatever
strengthens America they are au-
tomatically against).
I find it particularly unfortu-
nate that Orthodox Jews oppose
the ERA. since its passage would
not affect their traditional female
subjugation in any way (even the
possible bugaboo of the draft rea
du7 permits religious exemp
ttonsl. and the economic legal
equality it will ensure can only
benefit them as it would all
men and women.
It is indeed true that the far
right, as Mr. Adler says, a only
STsing the ERA" for their
own purposes one of which is
to destroy Jews. Even their op-
position to the Amendment
dishonesty. We cm only be
grateful to reporters like Mindlin
for helping to alert Jew* to this
new threat.
ONE LAST word: At the mo-
ment, American women have no
Constitutional right except the J
right to vote. At the moment,
American women live under a
Constitution which says, in ef-
ERA would ,ajj|
"^Wbedenii^'JI
How could anyo^^
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WE'VE (JOT THE WHOLE
I KKASl RY BEHIND US!


ity leader Moses Hornstein (left), chairman of the
mds Prime Minister's Club, presents the United
Award to Rabbi and Mrs. Paul Katz at the recent
Sinai-Israel Dinner of State. Rabbi and Mrs. Katz were
it the dinner on behalf of Israel Bonds.
Arthur Lezar (left), chairman of Broward Council of Lodges of
B'nai B'rith's Community Volunteer Service, has recently
announced a new project entitled "Passover Food for Friends."
All B'nai B'rith Lodges of South Broward are asked to collect
funds for Matzohs and other Passover articles which will be
distributed to nursing homes, the South Florida State Hospital,
the Broward Correctional Institution and needy individuals by
the chaplaincy services of Jewish Federation South Broward.
Rabbi Harold Richter, chaplain, is at right.
\
.v ;.;?.'..
BBBBB, m
M
of the Trafalgar brunch, held on
f the Jewish Federation of South
J's Combined Jewish Appeal Israel
ncy Fund was postponed due to the
[ Chairman Barney Glantz. When the
event was rescheduled, the Glantz
family was able to help honor their friends
and neighbors. Nathan and Ida Gottstein
(fourth from left). Shown (from left are Dr.
George Glantz, Mrs. Betty Glantz, Mrs.
Sara Schecter and Mrs. Rosalie Ormeland,
co-chairmen, and Dr. William Glantz.

*
***
%JS V
>f r
I
i
.
V

- -r^^^^T^^mm^^*^^^
is the proposed new Menorah Chapel
built at 2305 West HOlsboro Blvd. in
bid Beach. Groundbreaking cere-
monies will take place this Sunday, April 9,
announced Mark Weissman, director and
manager of Menorah Chapels.
Ask AI>C By Abe Halpero
estion: Is it true that in the Megillah there
[mentioned God's name even once? If yes,
liankyou.
Harold Yazen
HaUandale, Fla.
be above letter was received few days af-
answer to the question, "What is the
g of a gantze MegiUaM" was submitted
Plication (The Jewish Floridian and Shofar,
\ 24, 1978, p. 15). I am therefore advancing
iiumn ahead of two others so that it will be
nediate addenda to the last column.
nswer: The answer to the first part of your
on is very simple; it is yes. Megillat Esther
Dnly Book of the Hebrew Bible which does
fe any reference to God. God's name is not
bned even once in the Scroll of Esther. The
to the second part of your question is not
pie.
the Talmud (Meg. 7a) preserves debates on
pr Esther was written with the prop61, di-
ispiration (ru'ach ha-Kodesh). The ma-
lection to including Esther in the canon
[to have been the lack of clear reference to
His providence, or His intervention in the
| of our story.
JE STRIDENTLY militant and anti-gen-
be of the concluding chapters added to the
I objections. They seem to have been afraid
pther might arouse the jealousy and hatred
of non-Jews. Ultimately, of course, the book was
admitted." (Encyclopaedia Judaica, vol. 14, p.
1065)
In the introduction to the Scroll of Esther in
the Five Megilloth and Jonah, a new translation,
by the Jewish Publication Society, Prof. H. L.
Ginsberg points out many places where one would
assume that the name of God should have been
mentioned or the word prayer should have been
used. He concludes as follows:
"Must we conclude, then, that our author
was a religiously indifferent man? Not at all. The
holiday whose cause he was pleading was, in his
time no less than in ours, not one of solemnity but
one of licit levity, and its story could hardly be
told otherwise than in a mock-serious vein; and
for this very reason he may have felt that just to
intersperse notes of piety would be irreverent.
IF THE BOOK is read in the spirit in which
it is written, all misgivings on the scores of
both credibility and spirituality will be dissi-
pated, the very extravagances and historical im-
probabilities will be relished, and the ingenuity of
the plot will be admired." (pp. 83,84)
rrugr
Send all questions to:
ASK ABE
Jewish Federation of South Broward
2719 Hollywood Blvd.
Hollywood, Fla. 33020 ^___
Magen David
Supplies Blood
TEL AVIV Over 300 pints
of blood were supplied by the
Magen David Adorn (MDA)
Blood Banks in the wake of the
Mar. 11 Arab terrorist assault
which caused the death of 37
Israeli men. women and children
and brought the toll of the
wounded civilians and soldiers to
76.
This was announced by Dr.
Ron R. Rozin. head of Magen
David Adom. Israel's Red Cross
Service. Dr. Rozin stated that
"MDA was fully prepared to
assist the wounded and provide
hospitals with their blood needs."
THE MDA network of emer-
gency medical rescue operations
involved 57 ambulances, in-
cluding cardiac rescue units,
mobile first aid stations, and
bloodmobiles.
The MDA medical personnel
and scores of MDA volunteers
specially trained for mass
casualty situations, were rushed
on duty and worked under the
line of fire administering on-the-
spot first aid and transporting
the victims to nearby hospitals.
CANDLEUGHTING
TIME $|
6:22
#
29 ADAR 2-5738
::<-:-:-:
Directoiy
NORTH BROWARD
TEMPLE BETH ISRAEL. 7100W. Oak
land Park Blvd. Conservative Rabbi
Phillip A. Labowitz Cantor Maurice
A.Neu.
TEMPLE BETH ORR. 2151 Riverside
Drive. Reform (44)
TAMARAC JEWISH CENTER. 9104
57th St. Conservative. Rabbi Israel
Zimmerman. (44 A)
MIRAMAR
ISRAEL TEMPLE. 6920 SW 35ttl St.
Conservative. Rabbi Avrom Drazin.
Cantor Abraham Kester (48)
PEMBROKE PINES
TEMPLE BETH EMET. 200 NW
Douglas Rd. Liberal Reform. David
Goldstein, ed. dir
TEMPLE IN THE PINES. 9139 Taft St.
Conservative. Rabbi Bernard l.
Shoter. (63)
PLANTATION
PLANTATION JEWISH CONGREGA
TION. 400 S. Nob Hill Rd. Rabbi
SheON J.Harr. (64)
RECONSTRUCTIONIST SYNA
GOGUE.7473NW4thSt (69)
HALLANDALE
HALLANDALE JEWISH CENTER. 416
NE Bth Ave. Conservative Rabbi Dr.
Carl Klein, Ph.D. Cantor Jacob Dan
ziger.(12)
NORTH MIAMI BEACH
SINAI TEMPLE OF NORTH DADE
18801 NE 22nd Ave. Reform. Rabbi
Ralph P. Kongsley Cantor Irving
Shulkes. (37)
HOLLYWOOD
BETH AHM TEMPLE. 310 SW 62nd
Ave. Conservative. Rabbi Max Land
man. (47B)
BETH EL TEMPLE. 1351 S. 14th Ave
Reform Rabbi Samuel Jaffe. Assis
tant Rabbi Jonathan Woll (45)
BETH SHALOM TEMPLE. 4601 Arthur
St. Conservative. Rabbi Morton
Malavsky. Cantor Irving Gold. (46)
SINAI TEMPLE 1201 Johnson St.
Conservative. Rabbi Paul M. Katz.
Rabbi Emeritus David Shapiro
Cantor Yehuda Heilbraun (65)
TEMPLE SOLEL. 5100 Sheridan St ,
Hollywood. Fla. 33021 Liberal
Reform Rabbi Robert p. Frazin
Cantor Bruce Malm (47C)
YOUNG ISRAEL OF HOLLYWOOD
3291 Stirling Road. Oaks Condomini
um. Orthodox Rabbi Mosne Bomzer
(52)
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memorial chapels
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NAME* _________________
ADDRESS: _____
FHONE:


*
!
WATCH THE NBC DOCUDRAMA
"HOLOCAUST"
Snnda v April 16 8-11 pm
Monday April 17 Wednesday
April 19 9-11 pm
MK9B :i?i^-is
I _
f, -
A
.

p'^&ttff*;**-'
.^iVS5*Zi*pZte^ I i
i^r|y
"Many things in Jewish history
are too terrible to be believed
but nothing in that history is too
terrible not to have happened...
"Yet, after all the massacres,
the inquisitions, the Holocausts,
the expulsions and the pogroms...
here we still are."
Abba Eban
: !Ji
SUPPORTTHE ,
JEWISH FEDERRTIOn OF SOUTH _
1978 commnEo jeujish appeal/
EmERGEncv Funo.
2719 Hollywood Boulevard. Hollywood. Flonda 33020. Phone 92.-8810
VAfeAreOne
Around the Comer Around theWbrld
mil a


rter Turns Thumb Screw Tighter
fclPH POLAKOFF
4GTON (JTA) -
Administration ap-
r_ week to accept the
kition that Israel must
Trom aU areas occupied
|K)7 War and again
ublicly that Israel is
for making the first
ds renewal of peace
_ent hardening of the
Jation's position toward
[the wake of the dif-
Tbetween President
I Prime Minister Mena-
gin last week was
(the State Department,
ipokesman refused to
differences the U.S.
Ive with the Arab
Its on the inter-
UN Security Council
1242.
CXPECT Israel to
fcrer the next few weeks
atory ideas we the
had put forward to
him (Begin), spokesman John
Trattner said.
He added the Administration
is now "in a period of quiet dip-
lomacy" with "ideas being ex-
plored with all the parties."
The issue of 242 arose after a
reporter asked Trattner why he
does not compare the U.S.
position on the resolution with
the Arab viewpoint as Washing-
ton has done with the Israeli
position.
Administration sources over
the weekend provided a friendly
section of the media here with a
list of differences between Carter
and Begin that was attributed
directly to the President.
"WE DON'T have a quarrel
with the Arab interpretation of
242," Trattner said. "The focus
for the moment is on the Israeli
point of view compared with
ours."
Asked if he accepted Egyptian
President Anwar Sadat's
position as "final and right,"
Trattner said "we have never
said it was final and right," and
"the final word has not been
heard from anybody."
The Carter Administration has
not been referring in recent
months to the long held U.S.
concept articulated in the Rogers
Plan in 1969, or by President
Carter himself, that Israel's
frontiers should be fixed at the
1967 lines, except for "insub-
stantial changes" or "minor
adjustments."
This has been interpreted in
some quarters as meaning that
such places as Old Jerusalem and
Mount Scopus are to be given up
by Israel, but the U.S. has never
specified what those changes
should be.
Trattner said that "in past
times" Saudi Arabia has com-
plained about Israeli flights. He
said the complaints started in the
autumn of 1976 when the Saudi
Arabian Foreign Minister noted
it to the U.S. Congress.
IT HAS said that any changes
would be up to "the parties."
Israeli governments have turned
down those ideas advanced by
former Secretary of State
William Rogers.
Trattner said the U.S. has
taken up with Israel the com-
plaint of Saudi Arabia that Israel
planes have been reported in
"practice raids" and "mock
runs" against the Saudi air base
<39eA Safes

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'Senseless
Slaughter'
WASHINGTON JJ)-
Sen KlovdK Hakell"l>.(olol
has told Congress and the 1'ales-
tinian people thai the goals of the
Palestine Liberation Organiza-
tion are contemptible and
compel even the most impartial
ulmnier lo question the wisdom
,,t even considering the I'M) as a
participant in the Middle East
negotiation*-
In an Open l-etler to the
Palestinian People, which he
entered into the CongreaBional
Record following the sensek"
and savage -laughter of innocent
Israeli civilians Mar 11.
Haskell asked the Palestinian
p<-ople:
HOW CAN a people of
acknowledged intellectual and
artistic achievements permit
themselves lo be represented b)
butchers' Why should humanity
care about your Ian- when LOOM
designated a- your sole
legitimate representative ha\< -<>
link' regard for humanity '
Why should Israel make the
slightest concession lo you when
the Palestinian cause is so fre-
quently associated with cowardly
attacks on children and unarmed
civilians?
If the lone of this letter
appears intemperate. Haskell
added. I freely acknowledge it
The lime for refined discourse
and diplomatic restraint is long
past
Haskell. who has demon-
strated in the past that he is not
insensitive lo the plight of
Palestinian refugees." said. I
see no connection between the
barbarism constantly committed
by the I'l.O and the disposition of
homeless Palestinians scattered
throughout the Arab world."
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BISCAVHl BHAMCH SAMS SOUCJ


LO Has Astonishing Record of Murders
IK (JTA) The
liberation Organiza-
fer partners in terror
Iroximately 10 years.
seven terrorist actions a month,
about one incident every four
days, year in and year out for
more than a decade; killed nine
IN GOTHAM
ople an average
i every three days
maimed 2.471. and
i hostages.
tn statistics are con-
analysis of 865
lions spanning six
|covering the period
through Dec. 1.
led by the Anti-Defa-
(ueof M'nai H'rith.
FORSTER. assoc-
1 and general counsel
si\id the report was
public in the wake of
M.O killings Mar. 11
in Israel
the decade of ter-
reporl. which was
ADl.'s research and
bpaitnwnt, discloses
errorists carried out
lies Give
\Million
UFatah
'A
I
v.
ZVH POLAKOFF
KiTON (JTA) -
Case (K.. N.J.) told
Foreign Relations
I that Saudi Arabia in
Bed $45 million to El
military arm of the
took credit for the
(attack on Israeli
fr. 11.
atement came during
! the Committee where
[Sparkman (I).. Ala.).
Ittee's chairman, bore
ISuudi Arabia's con-
Wing of the IM.O. and
late Department of-
piled they have been
i-rsuade the Saudis to
ing the terrorist
In
IAN. who had not
he two letters that 10
|f the Committee had
L'sident Carter in op-
his proposed sale of
to Saudi Arabia.
It l he hearing that he
dt-ring his position in
Il'I.O massacre.
Itliiit he was very
by the Saudis
Sparkman observed
support of the IM.O
kro|*ised planes sale
piiu.it ion that places
I a quandary.
Slate Department
Bred Atherton. Assis-
mry of State for Mid-
and South Asian
p is being promoted to
|>r at large in his role
S mediator in the
li negotiations, and
|nders. who is slated to
Inert on, appeared for
fn of their appoint
decision on this is
|U* this week.
TON said that the
should consider the
|of the U.S. relation-
Is. nub Arabia in sug-
|at the sale of the
Ih> set aside because
rncingofthePLO.
that the U.S. had dis-
|r the years with the
|r financing of the ter-
they have explained
fcv was for economic
jitary purposes.
I* point Saunders
p'd that the Saudis'
'as fundgible," a
|( term that means
[marked for one pur-
an equal amount to
I to another.
people each month, one victim
approximately every three days;
injured, wounded or maimed 20
people each month; and held 22
individuals hostage each month.
While the primary target is
Jews, many Christians and Mos-
lems have also become their vic-
tims." Forstersaid.
HE CITES, as a recent
example, the murder last month
in Cyprus of Youssef el-Sabbai.
the editor-in-chief of the semi-of-
ficial F.gyptian newspaper Al
Ahram.
The study points out that the
865 Arab terrorist actions in-
cluded 308 bombings in 20
countries and 216 attempted
bombings; bomb threats and
bomb plots in 26 countries: 180
shootings in 11 countries: 11
assassinations in nine countries
and 17 attempted murders in 11
countries; 15 arsons in three
countries and 19 hijackings in 14
countries or the skies above
them.
It adds that the terrorists per-
petrated six other hijackings
which were unsuccessful and
carried out 29 other assorted acts
of terror in 12 countries. No
country, not even an Arab
country, is immune to Arab ter-
rorist actions. Hut the report
underscores that Israel is the
main target, and Israelis the
principal victims.
ISRAEL WAS the site for four
of every five bombings, nine ot
every ten shootings, three of
every four arsons, and more than
half the assassinations. At least
half 1.776 of all the ter-
rorists' victims have been Israelis
- 28 percent of all those killed
and 60 percent, or three of every
five of those injured.
Pointing out that diplomatic
immunity" is not recognized by
the I'M), the rei>ort notes that
Arab terrorists have murdered
American diplomats in the Sudan
and in Lebanon, and unsuccess-
fully attempted to assassinate
former Secretary of Stale Henry
Kissinger, the late Israeli Prime
Minister David Uen-Ourion. and
Jordan's King Hussein.

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in The Bahamas.
From $92.50 to
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Tennis or golf. Or
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Hotels, casinos,
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And for your money,
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From $103 to
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If you're into sports,
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tennis courts or golf
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can dive or fish. Or play
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Or dance'til dawn. Or
FIY1NG
sample gourmet restau-
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delight in the Interna-
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Your price includes
an air conditioned hotel
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a welcome cocktail, a tour
to see some sights and
more. Other packages are
yours from $47 to $113,
4 days/3 nights.
From $112 to
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To really get away,
et off to our Chit Islands.
y yourself on a stretched-
out beach. Or with our
friendly people in their
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with the random beauty
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Charter your own
boat to fish in one spot
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swim, stay longer for just
a little more if you wish.
As it is, your price
includes air conditioned
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too.
TO THE BaHdMaS IS BETTER THAN EVER
See your Travel
Agent about a week,
orwhateveryou
can spend.
These vacation
prices are per person
with double occupancy.
They do not include air
fare. There are other
vacation packages avail-
able, with special golf
and tennis offers.
For reservations or
a copy of our colorful
brochure, see your
Travel Agent. Or call
800-432-5594. Toll free.
In Dade County
call 443-382L
There's no better
time than now.

#1
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The Jewish Floridian
and Shof ar of Greater Hollywood
Friday, AprijSgf 1978
2 HOLOCAUST IN HISTORY
1933-1945
by the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith in Cooperation with The National Council for the Social Studies.
_________________________ Copyright O 1978 lh Anti-Dtimition leigut ot B'nl B'rith
---------------------,---------------
NORWAY
900
BALTIC COUNTRIES
228,000
-<
r THENETHEKtANDS MUM 1 RUSSIA (RSFSR)* 107,000
Belgium mm /SSfrWHITERUSSIA X^\ \ 245,000 r-^ ^
M cj GERMANY/AUSTRIA ) k_^^^-0 21MM S POLAND 3,000,000 \ -/^^^^^'^
-/ SSR UKRAINE*
Slovakia" 7 ~^Mtt/----' ( HUNGARY / V 450,000/ RUMANIA 1^5! 300,000 rJ
Luxembourg/
1,000 ( FRANCE {* PROTECTORATE 1^ 99.000
c ITALY ^1*. 8,000 'GREECE
<*
Million Murdered
There is no way to establish an accurate figure for the total number of Jews murdered in Wbrld
Warll. In 1945. the Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal estimated that 5.700,000 Jews had been
killed by the Nazis, representing two-thirds of the pre-war European Jewish population.
rial Television
Drama To
rid Holocaust
alocaust," a nine and
-hour dramatic story of
knihuation of six million
[by the Nazis, will be
i over the NBC television
brk for four nights
ling Sunday, April 16.
by novelist Gerald
'Holocaust" will
the years from 1939,
Germany enacted the
litk Nuremberg laws,
?45, when the con-
camps were
olocaust" is "no mere
of the universally
theme of man's
iity to man," ac-
to Robert Mulholknd,
of the NBC network,
program, through
on, "the major com
itions medium of our
s the opportunity to
seeing that George
ana's warning
who cannot remember
st are condemned to
"' is heeded.**
fed on pu, jay
THE RECORD:
The Third Reich, created amid
boasts that it would endure for a
thousand years, lasted instead
twelve years and lour months,
from January 1933 until April
1945. During that time more
than 29 million persons were
killed six million of them
Jaws, slaughtered because they
wf6 Jtwton.
To claim that their
extermination at the hands of
the Nazis was a greater tragedy
than what has befallen other
persecuted peoples is unfeeling
and fruWess. It is the
uniqueness of their annihilation
that is historically significant.
H is important that we
understand that awesome and
terrible event so that we can
better comprehend the
differences between good and
avH and what our moral
choices are.
You wM find on the knowing
pages a pictorial and news
turnrnary of the Holocaust with
suggestions for study,
discussion and further reading. It
Is our hope that 7ne Record wtH
be used by schools end
religious and community groups
- and Individuate.
h'rom a sptteh given at the conference
"Teaching About Genocide and Ike Nazi
Holocaust in Secondary Schools," Oe-
lober 9. 1977._____________________
TEACHING THE
HOLOCAUST
byElieWiesel
People don't know today,
and therefore there is no subject
more urgent, more burning.
There is no subject linked more
to justice, for today the greatest
injustice is being accomplished
the obliteration of those
memories, the erasing of those
events.
I received a post card, ad-
dressed to me at Boston
University. It said, "I recently
completed reading 'The Hoax
of the Twentieth Century,' and
the professor who wrote the
book claims that the six million
is a total fiction, that no Jews
were gassed or toasted in the
ovens in German concentration
camps, that there was nothing
in German records to sub-
stantiate the Jewish claims,
that the confessions that were
obtained, were obtained under
duress. I guess Hitler was right
when he said the Jew is the
master of the big lie."
(continued on fage i)
HOLOCAUST CHRONOLOGY
1933
January 30: President Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler as Reich
Chancellor (Prime Minister) of theNSDAP (Nation* Is ozu Us tis
cba Deutsche Arbeiterpartti)
March 23: First concentration camp, Dachau, is established
April 1: Nazis proclaim a general boycott of all Jewish-owned
businesses
April 7: Jews dismissed from civil service and denied admission to
the bar
April 26: Formation of the Gestapo
May 2: Dissolution of free trade unions
May 10: Burning of books by Jews and opponents of Nazism
Dacambar 1: Hitler declares legal unity of the German State and
Nazi Party
1934
August 2: Death of Hindenburg. Hitler becomes Head of State and
Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces
1935
Summer. Jutlan Verboten (No Jews) signs increase in number
outside towns, villages, restaurants and stores
September 15: Reichstag passes anti-Semitic "Nuremberg Laws"
1936
October 25: Hitler and Mussolini form Rome-Berlin Axis
November 25: Germany and Japan sign military pea
1937
July 16: Buchenwald concentration camp opens
1938
March 13: Annexation of Austria to the Third Reich. Nazis apply
anti-Semitic laws.
July 6: International conference at Evian, France, fails to provide
refuge for German Jews
Saptamber 29: Munich Agreement: Britain and France accept
German annexation of Sudetenland, part of Czechoslovakia
Octobar 5. Passports of Jews are marked with the letter "J"
' (cemtimemd en page 3)


THE CRIME WE CANNOT NEGLECT OR FORGET
The Anti
Tn Ricoao: Tmi Holocaust in Hirroav mu
.Defamation Uaue of B nai B nth and The Nation*! Council for the siujT1
THE RECORD:
Th ItatoMMlhi History, tlM-IMI
Published by me
An*-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith
315 Lemngion Avenue. Mew York. 10016
in cooperation with
The National Council lor the Social Studies
Suite 406. 2030 M Street. N W .
Washington. D C 20005
Editor ana Art Directot
Graphic Designer
Theodore Freedman, director.
National Program Division
Anti-Datamation League of B'nai B'nth
Anna Ocnoa. president.
The National Council for the Social Studies
Lucian DobrosTycki. research associate.
Vivo institute lor Jewish Research
Samuel Ertert. director.
Audio-Visual Department
Anti-Defamation League ol B'nai B'nth
Milton Metoer. author.
Never to Fotget
Max Nadei. author.
Portraits o' the American Jew
Stan Weler. director.
Publications Department.
AniiDetamaton League ol Bnai B'rith
Alton Schoener
Martin Moskot
Actawwfi
ADL it indebted to the following sources
for permission to reprint their material
Associated Press, for permission to use all
articles credited to it herein; The New York
Times, for permission to use all articles
credited to it herein Copyright 38/39/40/4t/43/45 By The New York
Times. Reuters Limited, for permission to
use the article credited to it herein. United
Press International, tor permission to use
all articles credited to it herein. Whitney
Communications, for permission to use the
article credited to the Herald Tribune; The
Mew Republic, for permission to reprint
excerpts trom First Interview with Vice
Chancellor Adolf Hitler Copyright V by
The New Republic
Acknowledgment is made tor permission to
quote from the following works.
Ainsztein. Reuben Jewish Resistance in
Nazi-Occupied Eastern Europe, copyright
1974 by Barnes and Noble Books Re-
printed by permission of Barnes and Noble
Books. Dawidowicz. Lucy S A Holocauit
Reader, copyright 0 1976 by Lucy S.
Dawidowicz Reprinted by permission ol
Behrman House Inc ; Oobroszycki. Lucjan
4 Barbara Kirshenblatt-Gimblett. imaga
Before Uy Eyes, copyright C 1977 by
Schocken Books inc Reprinted by permii-
lon; Frank. Anne. Oiary of a Young GW.
copyright I 1952 by Otto H. Frank. Re-
printed by permission of Doubleday & Com-
pany. Inc.; Goldsmith s. J Jews in Tranti-
tlon. copyright C 1988 by S J Goldsmith
Reprinted by permission of Heal Press.
Hllberg. Raul. Documents ol Destruction.
copyright c 1971 by Raul Hilberg Re-
printed by permission of Franklin Watts,
Inc.: Marcus. Jacob Radar. Tile Rise and
Destiny ol the German Jews, reprinted by
permission ol the author. Shirer. William
L. Berlin Diary, copyright *) (940. 1941 by
William L. Shirer Reprinted by permission
of Paul R Reynolds Inc.. New Yost. New
Yortc
"The Saviors it adapted from Roll ol
Honor by Or. Arlen Bauminger. Jerusalem
Yad Vaahem. 1970
The Crime We Cannot
Neglect or Forget
by Barton M. Joseph,
National Chairman,
Anti-Defamation League
of B'nai B'rith
The Nazi crime of genocide,
in which six million Jews were
killed, is history that we can
neglect or forget only at our
peril. Yet, perhaps because we
cannot readily grasp or
emotionally accept the carefully
planned and systematic murder
of millions. The Holocaust is
largely forgotten or regarded
with apathy. Unfortunately,
most history and social studies
textbooks treat this subject
inadequately, and it is absent
from most classroom
discussion. In Europe and, to a
lesser extent, in the United
States we are beginning to
witness the appearance of
revisionist books that
shamefully declare The
Holocaust a myth.
Except among the most
hopelessly bigoted, NBC's
series will dispel the notion of
any myth. Here is Hitler's
appalling crime against
humanity, in all of its stark
visual truth. Here is the
ultimate meaning of hatred put
into the service of ideology.
Here is the efficiency of modern
technology corrupted into the
ghastly forms of gas chamber
and crematoria. The Holocaust
may not be mankind's first
experience with genocide, but
it is by far the most horrendous.
Sadly, it may not be our last.
We have an obligation to
ourselves and future
generations. Our obligation is
to make the lessons of The
Holocaust a part of the human
mind and spirit. That is the goal
of the Anti-Defamation League
of B'nai B'rith. NBC has made
a magnificent contribution to
that education a con-
tribution whose value will
continue far into the future.
The Organized
Destruction of
European Jewry
Two developments were in-
tertwined in the Nazi assault on
the Jews. One was a German
administrative process evolving
from ponderously slow
beginnings to massive climax,
the other a progressive en-
feeblement of the Jewish
population in the German vise.
The German buildup ensnared
the Jews in laws, decrees, and
regulations. The Germans
issued instruction; the Jews
reorganized their lives. The
Germans became harsh, the
Jews more vulnerable in their
quandary. As German moves
became ominous, the Jews
clung to hope. The Germans
pressed on relentlessly and the
Jews despaired. The outer
limits were reached: never
before had an act been so ex-
treme, a loss so total.
When Adolf Hitler came to
power in 1933, a modem
bureaucracy set out for the first
time to destroy an entire
people. That machinery of
destruction was not a single
organization but a network of
offices in the party, the
ministries, the army, and
industry. Its onslaught on the
Jews was not planned in ad
vance but developed blow by
blow. In spite of such decen
realization, few operations
could have been more efficient
than this singular deed in the
midst of a general war.
From: Raul Hilberg. Document*
of Dett ruction. New York:
Franklin Watti. 1971.
A New Years Card
FromViina
by GERALD GREEN
Author and Scriptwriter
for "Holocaust"
Years ago, during my
boyhood in Brownsville,
Brooklyn, N.Y., my mother
received a Rosh Hashanah card
every year from distant cousins
in Vilna. I don't remember the
precise relationship of the
people who sent the card. But
they were Matzkins, as was my
mother, and I'm told that all
Matzkins are related and most
are from the Vilna region.
I recall the card clearly. It
was from a brother and sister,
both single, in their early
twenties. The young man was a
professional photographer. He
would make up his own card
a tinted photograph of himself
and his sister. Smiling, gentle
people, fair-skinned, with
curling hair. And next to it a
greeting to his cousins in the
Matzkin family in Yiddish.
The cards stopped coming in
1939. We knew why.
Often I asked my mother and
her brotherswhat happened
to the photographer and his
sister? Did anyone know? They
had vanished, consumed in The
Holocaust, victims of the
greatest crime in history,
sacrifices to the barbarian
racialism, the nationalistic
madness that gripped a Europe
under the iron rule of the
demon king and his remorseless
murderers.
"Nothing happens in
Germany without my
knowledge," Hitler bragged.
In Munich, in the twenties, he
boasted that when he came to
power he would hang a Jew
from every lamp post in
Munich till the bodies stank,
cut them down and repeat the
process, until every Jew in
Munich was dead. Then he
would begin on other cities. In
the middle thirties, the Fuehrer
informed the Italian am
bassador that in five hundred
years Adolf Hitler would be
remembered for one thing alone
the annihilation of the Jews.
So much for recent
revisionist "historians" who
claim that Hitler really didn't
want to gas all those women
and children and innocents-
that the allies forced his hand'
that underlings like Heydrkh
and Eichmann acted on their
own Liars beget liars. And
Hitler, supreme terrorist
murderer and bar has ap
parently given birth, thirty five
years after the great crime, to a
brood of lying "scholars."
Holocaust" will help set the
record straight
JSHSLJU. yws *
thought of the vanished brother
and sister. Had my grind.
Parents not been brave enough
DISCUSSION GUIDE
THEME I:
OVERVIEW
There was a time that when
nations engaged in war. warrior
was pitted against warrior.
Civilians suffered, often deeply,
but usually incidentally or
accidentally. It was the National
Socialist Party the Nazis
of post-World War I Germany
that first mobilized the entire
might of a modern, industrialized
society against an unarmed and
unprepared people civilians
whose only offense was that
they were members of a
minority faith. There were no
soldiers among this enemy
no guns, no tanks, no planes
They were scattered over the
land, in small enclaves,
unprotected amid the general
population They had no
awareness, most of them, until It
was too late, of the extent of the
hatred directed against them.
And when at last some of them
arose in desperate struggle,
they were far too few and much
too weak, and they were
doomed, as were their brethren
who went quietly to their deaths.
Jews themselves chose the term
Holocaust' to describe their
ordeal under the Nazis.
Holocaust means complete
destruction by fire.
The Holocaust began way
before Adolf Hitler came to
power in 1933 and proclaimed
the Third Reich As early as
1924, Nazis had introduced
anti-Jewish bills in the
Reichstag The resolutions were
hooted down, jeered as the
ideas of lunatics. A little more
than a decade later the same
bills were the law of the land,
and faithfully obeyed by the
populace
As early as 1925 the Nazis
began open espousal of their
true program: The Final
Solution. It was veiled, to be
sure, expressed in code words,
ambiguous But ft was there for
the world to hear, time enough
for something to have been
done.
The personal attacks against
the Jews of Germany were
followed by lews depriving them
of their citizenship, the* rights,
their businesses, their homes
and finally their lives.
The isolation from the society
they f eft was their own
culminated on the night of
November 9, 1938, in
Kristallnacht: night of glass,
literally, but Night of Broken
Glass, in reality and now in
name KhstaHnacht
spontaneous reprisals for the
siting of a diplomat, the
Nazis said, until their own
documents proved it to be a
well-planned pogrom.
Kristallnacht: in which
synagogues and Jewish shops
and Jewish businesses and
Jewish homes were attacked
and destroyed by frenzied mobs
more military than civilian
The tragic drama might not
have occurred, though, or
having begun, might have been
halted Hitler came to power
gaily, using the law to
undermine the meaning of law-
using deception at first and force
war But men and women of
goodwtt in Germany ,**
in their own personal,
dismissed his malevoli
the evil of his National (
ideology as irrelevant |
The leaders of the Wen,
allies had been present
blueprint of his plans for
conquest and ignored l
acojjteecing to his
the RNneiand and
Czechoslovakia The _
of the Christian churekig.
Europe bought their peat,"
the murderer rather than
their voices in moral inrj
and condemnation. Few
would even open their
to those who tried to a
MHions of lives would hit
been saved. But except fc,
those Jews saved by the
heroism of the Danes
some brave souls in e_
lands Righteous Genie.
they are called now-is,,
ware driven to their (feeta,
leaving at war's end a
remnant of survivors,
of their former number
And so the tragedy ran I
course. Wherever the Nan
corKjuered, they rounded |
Jews, separated them from
native population, herded
into ghettos killed them.
Jewish leaders were force)
assist in the programs of
annihilation Emsatzgrupptu
special action squads -H
special action being
extermination ace
regular army units and
communities of Jews out
captured towns and shot
down in pits the victims
themselves had been forced
dig. Hordes of Jews were
in crowded trains in
and cattlecars to
concentration camps whan,
gas and fire, they were
destroyed by the hundreds tf
thousands. Those who m
put to death directry were
tor forced labor or inhuman
medical experiments
Finally, the Free World
and arose against the Naa
Overextended by its own
arnbetton and caught in
dupweety, the Third Retch*
brought down Its chief
architects, Hitler and ~
lay dead in its rubble
were rounded up, and w*
world triad to comprehend
brutakry, the efwrrrwty ol
deeds, they were tned art
sentenced, some to dee*
to jail. Stm others escaped
some, lake Bchmann, **
hunted down and captni
years later; some, many
perhaps, to remain at M
even today.
The Holocaust cannot W
must not be forgotten Not*]
the sake of the Jews. W*
sake of humanity K eWaa
is to survive, mankind rait
team to recognize ev!-<*'
appears and halt itsspr*
before. Nke the Nazi o*s*T
contaminates one people*
destroys another
Examine the doci***
passages, dispatches**
illustrations thatapp*"*
fhese pmgas and c<***\
they reveal about *"
bout democratic rristfru**
about extreme and tans*
political and racial the**
about fw nature of m*
A



|ecou>: The Holocauit in Histohy. 19)3-194)
i PtUmiHon Leigue o( B ni B'.ith tnd The N.iion.l Council for the Social Studiei
THE HOLOCAUST CHRONOLOGY
Wjrom Pagt V
tr 7: Herschel Grynszpan, whose parents were deported
jermany to Poland, assassinates Ernst vom Rath, Third
ry of the German Embassy in Paris
er 9: Kristallnacbt (Night of Broken Glass), anti-Semitic
1 Germany and Austria, synagogues are destroyed, shops
Dted.
tr 12: 26,000 Jews are arrested and sent to concentration
tr 15: Jewish children are expelled from German schools
tr 13: Decree on "Aryanization" (compulsory ex-
tion of Jewish industries, businesses and shops) is enacted
15: Germans occupy Czechoslovakia
Adolf Eichmann is placed in charge of Prague branch of
ligration office
\23: Soviet-German Non-Aggression Pact
tr 1: German Army invades Poland. Beginning of World
ir 3: Britain and France declare war on Germany
_er 17: Soviet occupation of Eastern Poland
\l2: First deportation of Jews from Austria and Moravia to
er 23: Wearing of JudensUrn (Jewish six-pointed Star of
is made compulsory throughout occupied Poland
Germans invade Denmark and Norway
): Ghetto at Lodz, Poland is sealed off
Germans invade Holland, Belgium and France
[British Army evacuates its forces from Dunkirk, France
France surrenders to the Germans
tr 27: Berlin-Rome-Tokyo Axis is established
tr 15: Warsaw Ghetto is sealed off
Germans attack the Soviet Union'
[Wearing of the Jewish star is decreed in the German-
led Baltic states
I Heydrich is appointed by Goering to carry out "The Final
on" (extermination of all Jews in Europe)
er 15: Wearing of the Jewish star is decreed throughout
reater Reich
tr23: First experiments with gassing are made at Ausch-
110: I heresienstadt Ghetto in Czechoslovakia is established
14: Deportation of German Jews begins
23: Massacre in Odessa 34,000 dead
28: Massacre in Kiev 34,000 dead
tr 6: Massacre in Rovno 15,000 dead
tr 7: Japanese attack Pearl Harbor
tr 8: United States enters the war
tr 8: Chelmno extermination camp on the Ner River in
is opened
tr 8: Massacre in Riga 27,000 dead
tr 22: Massacre in Vilna 32,000 dead
\20: Wannsee Conference on Nazi "Final Solution of the
Question"
122. Unified resistance organization is established in Vilna
d. Jewish resistance groups expand in number throughout
In Europe.
Treblinka death camp opens. Wearing of the Jewish star is
Jd in Nazi-occupied France and Holland.
300,000 Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto are deported to
|nka
Jewish resistance organization is established in the
lw Ghetto.
17: Allied nations pledge to punish Germans for their
| of genocide
- /
O
h
Refugees!"drawing by George Kars. 1943/from the exhibition,
Resistance," circulated by the Union American Hebrew
fions
1943
January 18: Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto launch uprising against
Nazi deportations. Street fighting lasts for four days.
February 2: German Sixth Army surrenders at Stalingrad. This
marks the turning point in the war
April 19: Revolt of Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto begins. Fightinc
continues for, weeks
May 16: Liquidation of the Warsaw Ghetto
June 11: Himmler orders liquidation of all Polish Jewish ghettos
June-Sepumber: Hundreds of Jewish partisans leave the Vilna
Ghetto for the forest where they continue their resistance to the
Nazis.
August 2: Revolt at Treblinka death camp
August 16: Revolt in Bialystok Ghetto
September 23: Liquidation of the Vilna Ghetto
October 20: United Nations War Crimes Commission is
established
1944
May 15-June 8: 476,000 Jews are deported from Hungary to
Auschwitz
June 4: Allies in Rome
June 6. D-Day, Allied invasion of Nazi-occupied Western Europe
begins in Normandy, France
June 23: Soviet summer offensive begins
July 24: Soviet troops liberate Maidanek death camp
October 23: Paris is liberated by Allied armies
November 24: Himmler orders destruction of Auschwitz
crematoria as Nazis try to hide evidence of the death camps
1945
January 17: Soviet troops liberate Warsaw
February 4-11: Yalta Conference in the Crimea
March 5: American troops reach the Rhine River
April 11: American troops liberate Buchenwald death camp
April 15: British troops liberate Bergen-Belsen death camp
April 25: American and Soviet troops meet at the Elbe River
April 30: Hitler commits suicide
May 7: Germany surrenders unconditionally. End of the war in
Europe
August 15: Japan surrenders unconditionally. End of World War II
November 22: Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal commences
The Nuremberg Trials concluded on October 1, 1946, which
happened to be the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur), with a
judgment in which twelve defendants were sentenced to death,
three to life imprisonment, four to various prison terms, and
three acquitted.
Teaching The Holocaust by ENe Wiesel
I Continued fritm Paxe 1J
I received a letter from a
professor at the Sorbonne. Yes,
there were ovens in the camps,
he says, but only for the sick
people, never were there any
gas chambers. There is a
movement now which has one
aim: Not only to rewrite
history, but to destroy it and in
so doing, humble and
humiliate those teachers who
still not only remember, but
still secretly carry their
wounds. If we are to believe
these morally deranged,
perverted so-called historians,
the Holocaust never took place,
the victims did not perish, the
six million blackmailed the
German people, the ovens in
Auschwitz were bakeries...
This attempt to deprive the
victim of his or her past is
obscene. But it's not new.
"The Diary of Anne Frank"
was only recently termed a
forgery by an ambassador at the
United Nations. And to my
shame as a human being, no
one at the U.N. spit in his face.
A prominent European
playwright wrote about the
Auschwitz trial and managed
not to mention the word Jew.
There is no monument for
Jewish victims in Babi Yar, as
there is none in Auschwitz.
Is it not beneath our dignity
and the dignity of the deaths to
refute these lies? But, then, is
silence the answer? It never
was, and that is why the
survivors chose to teach. What
is their testimony if not
teaching?
They would much rather
speak of other things, but who
then would protest against the
indecent attempts to kill the
victims again? Where are the
humanists today? Why are the
professors of history all over
America not speaking out in
one voice in outrage? And what
about the American soldiers
who liberated the camps? They
saw ... I remember them. Why
don't they speak up? Why
don't they become witnesses?
More than sadness, I feel
despair, and even more than
despair, I feel disgust. But one
doesn't stop. We go on
teaching.
A new Holocaust cannot
happen, not a systematic
undertaking with ghettos,
camps, barbed wire. But given
the proper circumstances, even
the political situation in the
Middle East, the economic
situation here, I can foresee an
upsurge of an anti-Semitic
movement that would bring
fear to this country. Should the
desecrators succeed in planting
doubts in people's hearts,
should teachers fail, and I am
Jewish yellow "Star of David"/
Photo credit: Yivo Institute for
Jewish Research
"View of the concentration camp
at Compiegne," drawing by lzis
Kischka made as an internee /
From the exhibition, "Spiritual
Resistance," circulated by the
Union of American Hebrew Con-
gregations
included among the teachers,
we will betray the victims for
the last time, we will complete
the killer's work. He wanted to
destroy the living Jews and
burn the dead Jews. Anyone
who does not engage actively
today in keeping these
memories alive is an accomplice
of the killer.
So we teach, but how can I, a
teacher, explain to my students
so many things related to the
Holocaust? How can I explain
the indifference of so many
nations and so many leaders, to
so many Jews? ... In the
ideology of Hitler, the deranged
mixture of political expediency,
religious bigotry, social in-
tolerance and even sexual
perversion, there was
something that should make us
think. He said the world
doesn't want the Jews. And
what can one say? It was true.
They were convinced that
one day all nations would be
grateful to the Nazis for doing
their work for them. That is
what Hitler and Himmler
believed... Goebbels mentioned
it frequently in his diaries ... All
this because the world was
silent.
How do you tell children, big
and small, that society could
lose its mind and start mur-
dering its own soul? How do
you unveil horrors without
offering at the same time some
measure of hope? Hope in
what? In whom? In progress,
in science and literature and
God? In the viability of human
endeavors? ... The Holocaust
was preceded not by the Middle
Ages but by emancipation, and
enlightenment ... One
generation after the event, we,
although we are teachers, find
it difficult to absorb its anguish
and fervor... For a long while, I
resisted telling the story ... I :
clung to the belief that it was all
a bad dream, mine or God's.
But it was no dream. It was
true. You encounter difficulties
in teaching? So do I....
You think of the past, and
you are faced with two options ,
despise the living or try to
help them. You can either
spread misfortune or curtail
it...
I teach. I teach the children
... It's more than a matter of
communicating knowledge.
Whoever engages in this field
becomes a messenger.
Eli* Viisel, a Holocaust survivor, is
professor of humanities at Boston
University and author of "Messengeri
Of Cod," "Night" and "Souls on
Fire," amonf other bouks.


BEFORE WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE
THE JEWISH STRUGGLE
FOR EMANCIPATION
by Jacob R. Marcus
After centuries of silent
suffering, the dawn of
democracy in America and
France spurred the Jews of
Germany to hope for eman-
cipation. In 1871, after a tense
hundred year struggle, the
Jews were finally granted
"formal equality'" in the
German Empire. The victory
was far from complete,
however, for neither the rulers
nor the dominating landed and
military aristocracy were
minded to reverse their
traditional unsympathetic
attitude toward the Jews;
individually they did all they
could to stifle Jewish advance
and to prevent absolute
equality. Few Jews were
allowed to become full
professors at the universities;
even fewer were commissioned
as officers of the Imperial
Army; and it remained
practically impossible for a Jew
to be appointed to either the
diplomatic, the consular, of the
civil service. The equality
afforded to Jews was, thus,
formal but not all-embracing.
This position of "formal
equality'' continued
throughout the existence of the
Second Empire (1871-1918).
However, there came in close
succession the War, the
collapse of the Empire
(November, 1918), the flight
of the erratic Kaiser William II,
and the rise to power of new
elements: the business man
and the working class.
With these changes came a
more liberal attitude toward the
Jews. They were now admitted
into the various branches of
civil service, although not in
proportion to their numbers. In
the field of education, too,
there was a change for the
better; more Jews were ac-
cepted as teachers in the
secondary schools and as in-
structors in the universities.
More Jews engaged in politics;
a few even became cabinet
members. More economic
opportunities were afforded
them. Wider fields for literary,
artistic, and journalistic work
we.e opened to them. As part of
the bourgeoisie, now in power,
their social status likewise
improved.
The democratic' Weimar
Constitution of 1919 granted to
the Jewish religious com-
munity the same right to
financial support that it ac-
corded the other church
groups. The struggle for
emancipation and absolute
equality seemed at last to have
ended successfully. The Jew
under the Republic was more
willingly accepted as an equal in
the economic, political,
educational, and social life of
the community than at any
previous time in history; the
Fatherland seemed at last to
have acknowledged the
legitimacy of one of its oldest
and most loyal sons.
From: Jacob K. Marcus. The Rise
tind Destiny of the German Jew. -
New York; Union of American
Hebrew Congregations. 1934.
Jewish
Settlements
in Poland
Even before the establish
ment of the first Polish
kingdom in the tenth century-
Jewish merchants visited
Poland in the course of their
journeys. While the very first
settlers came from the east in
the tenth century, the earliest
large scale migrations to
Poland, between the twelfth
and fifteenth centuries, were
from the west. Most of the
settlers fled from German lancb
and Bohemia during the
Crusades and the period of the
Black Death. They were
followed by Jews who sought
asylum in Poland and other
countries after their expulsion
from Spain and Portugal in
1492-1493.
City Dwellers
Unlike the largely peasant
Slavic populations, the Jews
were city dwellers and skilled
craftsmen. They also were
experienced in trade and fiscal
matters. Polish kings and
princes, who welcomed the
contribution the Jews could
make to Poland's economic
development, encouraged them
to settle and offered them
protection.
With the unification of
Poland and Lithuania in 1569,
the newly formed Com-
monwealth extended from the
Baltic to the Black Sea, and
included within its boundaries
Poles, Ukrainians, White
Russians, Lithuanians, and
others. Jews, who had taken
part in the early development of
towns and cities in Poland
proper, now played a major role
in the colonization of the
outlying areas of the Com-
monwealth. Active in local
commerce, they also exercised
a virtual monopoly over entire
branches of national and in-
ternational trade, for example,
timber and hides. Many were
employed as tax collectors and
as stewards of estates and in-
dustries belonging to the
nobility, including salt mines,
mills, and the production and
sale of alcoholic beverages.
The Golden Age
During the fifteenth and
sixteenth centuries, the Golden
Age of Polish Jewry, the Jews
enjoyed relative freedom within
the feudal structure of Poland.
They could travel inside and
outside the country, engage in
a variety of occupations, and
practice their religion and self-
government. These rights,
which were basic to their way of
life, depended on privileges
granted to them by the
generally sympathetic kings
and nobility. However,
pressures from the town-
speople, their economic
competitors, and from the
clergy, who objected to their
faith, forced even tolerant
rulers to place restrictions on
the place and manner in which
Jews might live. Individual
cities were at times granted the
Before the rise oj Nazism, feus utre part of the everyday life of
Germany Photo credit: Catherine Hauf Soreii, from the Camera of
My Family, Alfred A. Knopf. _
privilege de non tolerandis
Judaeis, which meant that Jews
could not live within their
limits. Sometimes Jews were
compelled to live within
designated areas within the
towns. They were also banned
from various spheres of
economic and social life.
Jews were resourceful in
coping with such restrictions.
When they were excluded from
city markets, they engaged in
foreign trade. If they were
forbidden to live in cities, they
settled in nearby towns. Most
important, their communities
developed a form of self-
governing administrative
organization, the kehillah.
Institutionally complete and
autonomous, the Jewish
community had its own
schools, hospitals, courts of
law, and welfare organizations.
From ca. 1580 to 1764, local
Jewish communities were
subject to the Council of the
Four Lands, the supreme
authority regulating the
communal life 0f Polish Jewry.
The seventeenth and
eighteenth centuries saw the
end of the Golden Age of Polish
The Recobd: The Holocaust ik Himw ,..,
TV Ant,.Drtimiti.* UMr '" "" B fl,h ,nd ""* Nt,,onti "*'1 ''>HcSrt2fc
DISCUSSION)
THEME
BEFORE THE d
IN EUROPE
There were 500.000 Je*,J
Germany when the Naq
fo power in 1933 They
constituted less than i\ J
German population. A gW
them lived in Berlin, ano*,!
40% in other big aties SaJ
percent engaged in trade i
commerce. 250 in indust.1
manual trades 1 ^ in mj
service and the profess-on I
mostly law and medicine: j
one-hatf were sert-empio-J
A Sns of Won*, |
They were cantojti
they were non-Zionist, tneji]
German Indeed, mon|
80% were natives. Theyi
active participants in the
economic, social and i
of their country They crei_
works on German themesil
literature, art and music
10 them was their sense of
belonging. Nazism, for thtaj
was simply another
manifestation of anti-S
which they believed was h]
historical fate of all Jews
In Poland it was different I
There were more Jews(3J]
million of them) and they
constituted a larger |
of the total population (to
their lot was not as good
A Drff erent Uvin,
In Poland, too. the Jem
urban: more than thre
of them lived m cities andl
27% of Poland s urban
population. But they eame(J
living differently than the
German Jews in PolarxLi
third of the Jews were i
in trade and commerce andl|
about 6% were prole
about 40% were engaged!
industry and handicrafts
Official Anti-SnH*|
They were not nearly <
oft as the Jews of Germa*]
They were not nearly as
assimilated either oftoij
government policies of
anti-Semitism prevented I
but they were a more un
community and enjoyed if
and vast network of N
educational, philanthrope!
and oultural institutions <
comparison in Europe
Jewish Identity
There were Zionists
them and socialists, and
men and poor, but by andi
they identified themseMS'J
Jews. And they were pnf
Men studying the Talmud in a home for the aged, Vilna, 1937 / Photo
credit: Mory Grossman. Raphael Abramot itch Collection. Yno Insti-
tute for feuish Research
Jewry. The country was
weakened by war and internal
conflict. In the years 1772-
1795, Poland was partitioned
and absorbed by neighboring
Austria, Prussia, and Russia,
who were to dominate her for
almost one hundred and fifty
years. The Jews, like the rest of
the population, were divided
among these three countries, in
which they confronted
economic, political, and
cultural conditions very dif-
ferent from those they had
known before the partitions.
Even though during the
nineteenth and twentieth cen-
turies radical changes in-
creasing secularisation,
development of modern in
dustry, emancipation took
place, basic patterns of Jewish
settlement, communal
organization, and occupation
persisted up until the eve of
World War II.
""in Lucjan Dobrotxydd and
Barbara KinchenbUtt-Cimbletl _
Imam, Before My Eye, A
V*phk HUormofJawkk
''''' "' roUmd. 1964-1938 New
Von Scbocken Books, Inc.
1477
Using material to*1
sources, compare
the Jewish communit***
Germany and Poland.''
as In other European C
examine their impact'
native culture and thai
the culture on them, w
the institutions they e$
lor their own well-being1
examine their response"
anti-Semitism and the **
Nazism. What is your*1"
background, what ***,
community did your o>
forebears come from


Hi Rkoid The Holocaust in History, 19)3-194)
: Anti-Defamation League of B'ni B'rilh and The National Council for the Social Studies
THE RISE OF NAZI GERMANY /1933-1939
I DOCUMENT
Law for the
testorationof
le Professional
^ivilService
.pril 7,1933
Reich Government has
^d the following law,
jlgated herewith:
(1) To restore a national
ksional civil service and to
Jitv administration, civil
iits may be dismissed from
in accordance with the
Itions that follow, even in
Ibsence of the conditions
(red therefor under present
(1) Civil servants who
Dt of Aryan descent are to
tired ( 8 ff.); if they
jnorary officials, they are
dismissed from official
iw Regarding
Admission
to The Bar
Reich Government has
cd the following law,
jlgated herewith:
The admission to the bar
ryers who, according to
w for the Restoration of
rofessional Civil Service of
7, 1933 (Rncbsputx-
[i, p. 175), are of non-
i descent may be revoked
[September 30, 1933.
Lucy Dawidowicz, A
lust Reader, New York:
nan House, Inc., 1976.
HITLER
by H. V. Kaltenborn
I 15, 1933 It is -
ily difficult for American
pondents to see Hitler.
a deep-rooted suspicion
all. It was only after I
passed upon by the
department of the
talist Socialist party that I
rmitted to visit the new
pellor at his summer
vn House" a hundred or
es from Munich. Here he
|iving with his secretaries
iis bodyguards, seeing the
I callers who flocked to his
daily.
greeting, when I was
aced to him, was per-
kory, suggesting latent
nty, and my first question
kht this forth into full
|.1 had asked him whether
anti-Semitism concerned
|everywhere or whether he
smething specific against
kan-Jews as such.
America you exclude
vould-be immigrants you
kt care to admit,'' he said
ideally. 'You regulate
lumber. Not content with
you prescribe their
cal condition. Not content
that, you insist on the
rmity of their political
Mis. We demand the same
Adolf Hitler surrounded by thousands of Nazi sympathizers / Photo credit: Yivo Institute for Jewish Research
right in Germany. We have no
concern with the Jews of other
lands, but we are very much
concerned about the anti-
German elements within our.
country. We demand the right
to deal with these elements as
we see fit Jews have been the
intellectual proponents of
subversive anti-German
movements, and as such they
must be dealt with."________
Prom: The New Republic, 2/13/33.
Hersbruck
Purged of Jews
On Thursday at 5 p.m. the
swastika flag was hoisted on the
property of the last Jew to leave
Hersbruck. The Hersbruck
district is now definitely purged
of Jews. With pride and
satisfaction the population takes
cognizance of this fact,
recognizing that this "spring
cleaning" is first and foremost
due to district leader Party
comrade Sperber, who has
emphasized the Jewish danger
at thousands of meetings, until
the people realized the truth,
and the last Jew left the district
... We are firmly convinced
that other districts will soon
follow suit, and that the day is
not now far off when the whole
of Franconia will be rid of Jews,
just as that day must dawn
when throughout the whole of
Germany there will no longer
be one single Jew.
From: Proenkiscbe Tagenzeitung,
3/26/34.
Goebbels Warning
to Jews
"We have been very lenient
with the Jews. But if they think
that therefore they can still be
allowed on German stages,
offering art to the German
people; if they think that they
can still sneak into editorial
offices, writing for German
newspapers; if they still strut
across the Kurfurstendamm as
though nothing had happened,
they might take these words as
a final warning. Jewry can rest
assured that we will leave them
alone as long as they retire
quietly and modestly behind
their four walls, as long as they
are not provocative, and do not
affront die German people with
the claim to be treated as
equals. If the Jews do not listen
to this warning, they will have
themselves to blame for
anything that happens to
them."____________________
Prom: Goebbels1 speech on 3/11/34.
Plight of n
Lawyer
by William L. Shirer
BERLIN, April 11, 1935
Dr. S., a successful Jewish
lawyer who served his country
at the front in the war, sud-
denly appeared at our apart-
ment today after having spent
some months in the Gestapo
jail, Columbia House. Tess was
at home and reports he was in a
bad state, a little out of his
head, but apparently aware of
his condition, because he was
afraid to go home and face his
family. Tess fortified him with
some whisky, cheered him up,
and sent him home. His wife
has been on the verge of
nervous prostration for a long
rime. He said no charges had
been preferred against him
other than that he was a Jew or
a half-Jew and one of several
lawyers who had offered to help
defend Thalmann. Many Jews
come to us these days for advice
or help in getting to England or
America, but unfortunately
there is little we can do far
them.
From: William L. Shirer. Berlin .
Diary, New York: Alfred A.
Knopf. Inc., 1940, 1941.
Brunn Department Store in Berlin defaced by Nazis /Photo credit: Yivo Institute for Jewish Research
THE SHAME
OF
NUREMBERG
by Ralph W. Barnes
NUREMBERG, Germany,
Sept. 15, 1935 Stringent
new laws depriving German
Jews of all the rights of German
citizens and prohibiting
marriages between Jews and
"Aryans" (Gentiles) were
decreed by a subservient,
cheering Reichstag here
tonight, after an address by
Chancellor Adolf Hitler.
In addition, the swastika
banner of German Facism,
described to the Reichstag by
General Hermann Wilhelm
Goering as "the anti-Jewish
symbol of the world," was
declared to be the sole national
flag of the Reich. The black-
white-red emblem with its
imperial implications, was
abolished in its present form.
Tonight's decrees are
considered among the most
sweeping measures taken since
the Nazis came into power two
and a half years ago.
That proclaiming the
swastika flag as the national
banner was occasioned in part
by the rioting on the liner
Bremen in New York in Jury,
when the Nazi flag was torn
down, and by Magistrate Louis
B. Brodsky's subsequent
characterization of the swastika
standard as a "black flag of
piracy," it was indicated by
General Goering.
He declared: "It is
regrettable that the American
people recently tolerated an
impudent Jewish insult to our
flag, which has been to us a
holy symbol, under which we
have fought and suffered, and
under which Germany will
stand once and for all
throughout eternity."
Under the new statutes, Jews
in Germany will be put back
abruptly to their position in
Europe during the Middle Ages
and the Renaissance.
The laws constitute a signal:
victory for the violent anti-
Jewish wing of the Nazi party,
led by Julius Stretcher.
The new anti-Jewish laws,
which go into effect January 1,
constitute realization of nearly
the whole anti-Semitic portion
of the Nazi program.
They are described as "law
for the protection of Germar.
blood and German honor." As
read before the Reichstag bj
Goering, president of th
legislative body, they follow:
1. Marriages between Jew;
and German citizens are for
bidden;
2. Extra-marital relation:
between Jews and Germans an
forbidden;
3. Jews are not permittet
to employ in their househok
German servants under the ag
of forty-five;
4. Jews are forbidden t
hoist the swastika emblem (nov
the sole national flag);
5. Jews are permitted tc
hoist a racial flag of their owt
with assurance of officia
protection.
(continued on page 6)


THE RISE OF NAZI GERMANY /1933-1939
Ttu Rccom Thi Holocaust in Hirran
The Anu-Dtfimttum Ui** Vtm Bnth d 11* National Coooc.l ,., u^j
THE SHAME OF NUREMBERG
'f.J m Pdjgei
Violation of any of the first
three articles, concerning
marriage, sexual relations and
employment of servants, is
punishable by imprisonment at
hard labor. Violation of the
fourth article is punishable by
simple imprisonment.
Goering thereupon spoke at
length, explaining the new
anti-Jewish and citizenship
laws.
"We must preserve.*' the
Air Minister and Prussian
Premier said, "the Germanic
and Nordic purity of the race,
and must protect our women
and girls with every means at
our disposal. In this pure blood
stream will blossom forth a new
era of Germanic happiness.
"An example of our idea of
men sound to the core is found
in the men (100.000 Storm
Troopers) who marched before
Der Fuehrer today. That is
purity of race. Never again will
we let our Germanism be
infected and ruined by Jewish
infiltration.
"Every Nazi German finds
in his race and in his people the
highest fulfillment of his in-
dividual being, and is ready to
give up his whole life for both.
We hereby acknowledge our
fealty to this principle of right,
which is itself dictated by
nature."
Tonight's session of the
Reichstag was summoned
unexpectedly by Hitler after the
Nazi party congress had
convened here last week. All
but two or three of the 600
members are Nazi party a
sr> they were ready at hand
when the sessi an
I:e The Reich
an a rubber
order by
at 9 P.M in the
im of the German
Cultural Union. On the
platfr-n besides Hitler were
Rudolf Hess, deputy Nazi party
leader: Baron Konstantin von
Neurath. Foreign Minister:
General Werner von Blom
berg. War Minister, and other
government officials.
After speaking of the three
laws. Goering asked the
Reichstag for unanimous
approval. Six hundred-odd
men. the bulk df them in brown
uniforms, leaped to their feet.
At various points during the
speeches of Hitler and Goering
there was enthusiastic
cheering.
A roar of laughter arose
when Goering proposed that
Jews should not be permitted to
employ in their households
"Aryan" servants under the
age of forty-five.
With the violently anti-
Jewish wing of the Nazi party
now apparently in the saddle,
further anti-Semitic measures,
supplementing those decreed by
the Reischstag here last night
withdrawing citizenship from
Jews a-'d forbidding Jewish
"Aryan" (Gentile) marriages,
are expected to be enacted soon.
Re establishment of the
ghetto is now under way, as is
manifest in the recent decision
to establish separate schools for
Jews. Two months ago Julius
Streicher, anti-Semitic Nazi
leader of Franconia, urged on
the government the ghetto
policy with all its implications.
Streicher had his way in the
matter of the schools, and again
last night in the enactment of
the anti-Jewish laws.
There are definite indications
that Chancellor Adolf Hitler is
prepared to go much further
along the lines which Streicher
and others of his crew are
pointing out, with elimination
of all the Jews in Germany as
their ultimate aim.
Just now there is much
speculation as to how the
gradual realization of a ghetto
policy will affect Jews in
business. Although stringent
legal as well as extra-legal
measures are intended to
eliminate Jews from the
professions, direct interference
with their business activities
has been confined largely to
anti-Jewish boycotts and anu
Jewish riots of a type which
now are frowned on even by
Streicher.
Hitler repeated in his speech
before the Reichstag last night a
passage of his proclamation at
the opening of the Nazi party
congress here that if the
agencies of the state proved
incapable of dealing with the
"enemy," including the
Jewish "enemy," the task
would be delegated by law to
the Nazi party.
Knun Sen York Herald Tribum
h lh
BELGIAN CLERGY
DECRIES NAZISM
BRUSSELS. B .
March 26 AP -ral
Bf condemn-
ilism and r*
was read today in all Cath
churches in Eastern B .
including Eupen and Malm-,
the areas detached fi
German) after the World ''.
Pro-Nazi worshippers
demonstrated their disapproval
when the letter was read.
rhe \
REICH COURT
TAKES CHILDREN
FROM PARENTS
WALDENBERG, Ger
many, Nov. 29 A district
court in this Silesian town
today deprived a father and
mother of their children
because they opposed the
National Socialist ideology,
aught their children not to give
the Hitler salute and were
pacifists. Both parents are
members of a Christian sect
known as International Bible
Researchers. They had adopted
a number of pacifist ideas of the
Quakers and similar sects.
The father denied that he had
tried to influence the children's
attitude toward the present
political regime. The court
ruled that the children could
not live in such an atmosphere
without becoming "enemies of
the State."
The Sew York TMtft. 11/30/37.
%!

i
t
m
. 4
/
,\
X
h uin$ tbtir support uilb the Nazi salute / Ph
!.:, A Rl ,jrcb
Jailed for Failing
to Salute
STRALSUND, Germany,
Jar. 7 led to


tht H
to e id V:
ilist.


115 Seized in
Niemoeller
Parade
BERLIN. Aug. 8. The
police arrested, but later
released. 115 demonstrators
who marched through the tree-
lined streets of suburban
Dahlem tonight in protest
against a ban on public prayer
meeungs for imprisoned pastors
who had opposed Nazi church
restricuons.
The parade was believed to
have been the .irst public mass
demonstration against any
measure taken by the
Government under Nazi rule
Several hundred members of
the Dahlem church of the Rev
Martin Niemoeller. Protestant
'"der ,n the fight against
government regulation of
church affairs, joined m the
march. Herr Niemoeller goes
on trial Tuesday charged with
having opposed Nazi church
restricnons.
The AiHjculed Presv.
vv-j:
DISCUSSION GUIDE
THEME III:
THE RISE OF
NAZI GERMANY
1933-1939
ot spnnc,
- a pnoenix trom
the ashes of the Wemar
M
-K3 thugs had been
around for more than a decade
FieW Marshall von
lenburg elevated him to
ceilor on January 30. 1933
"ce less than
two months when he coerced
the Reichstag with terror and
deceit into approving the
Enabling Act. giving him legal
authonty to subvert the
constitution, legitimizing his
dictatorship
That was March 23 1933.
Three days earlier, on March 20,
1933. Hemnch Himmler. then
provisional police president of
Munich had established the first
concentration camp on the
grounds of a former gunpowder
factory m Dachau Its purpose:
to remove from society those
who cannot be allowed to
remain free to continue to
agitate and to cause unrest."
The first pnsoners were brought
in the following day: within ten
days 15 000 persons had been
taken into 'protective custody."
On Apnl 7. the Reichstag
passed the Law for the
Restoration of the Professional
Civil Service, authoring the
elimination of Jews and political
opponents of the Nazis from the
avil service It was the first
blatantly ant-Jewish law of the
Third Reich it was followed.
within weeks, by others,
excluding jews from I
system, the "nedcai
the educational sysml
were to be 400 such I
decrees ou"ng thai
of the Na." : :tatc
Violence agamstJ
escalated ->r.;or*n
by the novernmanH
organized
The world could nol
ignore the
had been laughed i
crackpot a madman
his own countryman.'
did. certa.r that the 1
rational Germans!
up with hi"" 'or long, i
aUow mass "nestings I
the voting sooth mafj
to replace democratic
government the nJeM
replace the law
The Nazis reiecwli
protests and tumsdj
against the Jews
the Wester leaders..
begmted his own I
including many Je*^
pogrom continued. |
There is amp*"
available to tract t>*
Nazism What (JoesI*
about the nature df
institutions and It* *
paople? Wnatrdet
individuals play i*
government and*?
other governments I
lessons can be lea"
Ado* Hitler and tt*'
Compare Germanysl
laws with the JrtO"
that amctea BiacH
How did Hitler, ^so^
erne, turn almost r
population of <
cruel and mrxts**'
What can vei****
ot the rise oil****"
Germany?


|e Record: The Holocaust in Hisimy, 195)1945
! Anti-Defamation Uaguc of B'lui B'rith and The National Council for the Social Studies
^
THE RISE OF NAZI GERMANY /1933-1939
Germany
Permits
Relief
ly Quakers
jlLADELPHIA, Jan. 2.
"hree Philadelphians
fiin^ today after a month's
to Germany as
hentatives of the
lican Friends Service
nittee brought back word
Permission has been won
Jthe Nazi government to
llish relief stations in
any to help persecuted
T-Aryans."
delegation also brought
of an agreement under
[between the German
rities and the American -
jh French In-
Ivernmental Refugee
nittee to speed evacuation
fo.OOO heads of Jewish
es.
group is composed of
ufus M. Jones, Haverford
|ge professor, who is
lan of the Friends
^ittee; D. Robert Yarnall,
in town manufacturer,
[George A. Walton,
aaster of George School.
fe received full per-
lon to send Quaker
pissioners to Germany to
relief and to oversee its
pution," Dr. Jones said.
prywhere we went,
per, we found the Jews
that they wanted above
se to get out of the
ry.
They said, 'don't put food
lunger first. We can stand
ler. We can. stand
king, but get us out before
thing more awful hap-
pen evacuation begins, he
[transient camps would be
pi shed outside Germany to
refugees on their way to
inent homes.
Jones said that the
ition observed evidence
ie German people as a
were not in entire
ithy with the persecution,
delegates had received
I cooperation and courtesy
|the German Government,
ded, but made no effort to
ptkr.
The New York Times,
Jailed for
(nips on Nazis
tLIN, June 5 (Reuters
ptch) Werner Finck,
of the best known
rille stars in Germany,
en put in a concentration
! for "pulling the leg" of
J leaders.
[though his jokes
Dusly had been passed by
[soviet police, he was
ped on May 10 when they
ped down on two Berlin
;ts and closed them. He
een detained since in a
police prison in Berlin.
[ 70-year-old mother has
unable to obtain any
[mation regarding his
abouts.
Reuters Dfepotch, 6/5/35.
Man wearing Jewish yellow "Star of David" / Phoio credit: Hadassah
Photo Archives
Nazis Order
Jews Over Six
Labeled
All Jews over 6 years of age
were ordered by the secret
police today to wear a large
yellow star of David with the
black superscription "Jew."
The order, issued by Secret
Police Chief Reinhard
Heydrich, said that Jews would
not be permitted to leave the
area in which they resided
without police permission. Jews
must not wear any orders or
decorations, Herr Heydrich
added.
"The star consists of a six-
pointed star, outlined in black
on yellow cloth the size of the
palm of one's hand, with a
black superscription: 'Jew'. It
must be worn visibly and firmly
sewed to the left breast of
clothing.'' ^_________
From: United Press
Internationa], 9/7/41.
German Liberty Party
Wars on Hitlerism
BERLIN, April 9. Anti-
Hitler propaganda, despite the
secret police, is beginning to
circulate again in Germany.
Today's mails contained a
manifesto of the "German
Liberty party" summoning
loyal Germans to free the
German nation from National
Socialist rule and demanding a
plebiscite on the question of
German participation in the
Spanish civil war. The en-
velopes bore Berlin postmarks.
From: The Ntu York Times,
4/10/37-
FEAR
SUICIDE WAVE
ON
REFUGEES'SHIP
HAVANA, May 31 (AP).
Captain Gustav Shroeder of
the Hamburg American liner
Saint Louis informed the Cuban
authorities today that he feared
a "collective suicide pact"
among his 917 German Jewish
refugee passengers, who are
scheduled to sail back to
Hamburg with him tomorrow,
Cuba having refused to admit
them.
He reported there was a
"state of mutiny" aboard
which he could not control and,
therefore, he feared "open
mutiny" when the ship left
Havana Harbor.
Captain Juan Estevez
Maymir, chief aide of President
Federico Laredo Bru, had spent
several hours aboard the ship
investigating reports that
hundreds of the refugees were
threatening to take their lives if
the ship sailed back to Ger-
many.
Refugees on the St. Louis
assert they were unaware when
they left Germany of the decree
of May 5 under which ad-
mittance was denied them. The
Department of State has or-
dered investigation of the act of
five Cuban Consuls in Germany
who granted them visas.
The immigration authorities
today refused to permit the
landing of twelve refugees who
arrived aboard the liner Iller
from Bremen, Germany.
Prom: The Associated Prtta,
5/31/39.
THE POGROM:
Kristallnacht
(Night of Broken Glass)
by Otto D. Tolischus
BERLIN, Nov. 10 A
wave of destruction, looting
and incendiarism unparalleled
in Germany since the Thirty
Years War and in Europe
generally since the Bolshevist
revolution, swept over Great
Germany today as National
Socialist cohorts took
vengeance on Jewish shops,
offices and synagogues for the,
murder by a young Polish Jew
of Ernst von Rath, third
secretary of the German
Embassy in Paris.
Wrecking, Looting and Burning
Beginning systematically in
the early morning hours in
almost every town and city in
the country, the wrecking,
looting and burning continued
all day. Huge but mostly silent
crowds looked on and the police
confined themselves to
regulating traffic and making
wholesale arrests of Jews "for
their own protection."
All day the main shopping
districts as well as the side
streets of Berlin and in-
numerable other places
resounded to the shattering of
shop windows falling to the
pavement, the dull thuds of
furniture and fittings being
pounded to pieces and the
clamor of fire brigades rushing
to burning shops and
synagogues. Although shop
fires were quickly extinguished,
synagogue fires were merely
kept from spreading to ad-
joining buildings.
Violence to Property
As far as could be ascertained
the violence was mainly
confined to property. Although
individuals were beaten,
reports so far tell of the death of
only two persons a Jew in
Polzin, Pomerania, and
another in Bunzdorf.
In extent, intensity and total
damage, however, the day's
outbreaks exceeded even those
of the 1918 revolution and by
nightfall there was scarcely a
Jewish shop, cafe, office or
synagogue in the country that
was not either wrecked, burned
severely or damaged.
Thereupon Propaganda
Minister Joseph Goebbels
issued the following
proclamation:
"The justified and un-
derstandable anger of the
German people over the
cowardly Jewish murder of a
German diplomat in Paris
found extensive expression
during last night. In numerous
cities and towns of -the Reich
retaliatory action has been
undertaken against Jewish
buildings and businesses.
"Now a strict request is
issued to the entire population
to cease immediately all further
demonstrations and actions
against Jewry, no matter what
kind. A final answer to the
Jewish assassination in Paris
will be given to Jewry by way of
legislation and ordinance."
What this legal action is
going to be remains to be seen.
It is known, however, that
measures for the extensive
expulsion of foreign Jews are
already being prepared in the
Interior Ministry, and some
towns, like Munich, have
ordered all Jews to leave within
forty-eight hours. All Jewish
organizational, cultural and
publishing activity has been
suspended. It is assumed that
the Jews, who have now lost
most of their possessions and
livelihood, will either be
thrown into the streets or put
into ghettos and concentration
camps, or impressed into labor
brigades and put to work for the
Third Reich, as the children of
Israel were once before for the
Pharaohs.
In any case, all day in Berlin,
as throughout the country,
thousands of Jews, mostly
men, were being taken from
their homes and arrested in
particular prominent Jewish
leaders, who in some cases, it is
understood, were told they
were being held as hostages for
the good behavior of Jewry
outside Germany.
In Breslau they were hunted
out even in the homes of non-
Jews where they might have
been hiding.
Synagogues Burned
Berlin papers also mention
many cities and towns in which
anti-Jewish excesses occurred,
including Potsdam, Stettin,
Frankfort on the Main,
Leipzig, Luebeck, Cologne,
Nuremberg, Essen,
Duesseldorf, Konstanz,
Landsberg, Kottbus and
Eberswalde. In most of them, it
is reported, synagogues were
raided and burned and shops
were demolished. But in
general the press follows a
system of reporting only local
excesses so as to disguise the
national extent of the outbreak,
the full spread of which
probably never will be known.
Generally the crowds were
silent and the majority seemed
gravely disturbed by the
proceedings. Only members of
the wrecking squads shouted-
occasionally, "Perish Jewry!"
and "Kill the Jews!" and in
one case a person in the crowd
shouted, "Why not hang the
owner in the window?"
An American Observer
In one case on the Kur-
fuerstendamm actual violence
was observed by an American
girl who saw one Jew with his
face bandaged dragged from a
shop, beaten and chased by a
crowd while a second Jew was
dragged from the same shop by
a single man who beat him as
the crowd looked on.
Grave doubt prevails
whether insurance companies
will honor their policies. Some
are reported to have flatly
refused to reimburse for the
damage because of its extent,
and, considering the standing
the Jew enjoys in German
courts today, there is little
likelihood of his collecting by
suing. But there still remains to
be settled the damage done to
"Aryan" houses and other
property.
From 7/ie Were far! ''i -
11/10/38.


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'
CO*D: The Holocaust in History, 193VI94)
jtj-Dcfimation League of B'nai B'rith nd The National Council for the Social Studies
INTENSIFIED PERSECUTION OF JEWS /1939-1945
Ichmann
lirects
lewish
irmination
Jy Wireless to
Jew York Times
LHOLM, Sweden,
Well-informed
re said today that a
I been issued in Berlin
le removal of all Jews
tope before the end of
[The sources said that
was issued by Adolf
iself.
ort coincided with an
Stockholm's Social
hen saying that in-
lircles in Berlin believe
ih protest to Berlin in
Danish Jews has
delay in their tran-
to Poland. The
>er adds that
Bents are being made
linen t Nazi circles to
Jews interned in
jwer behind the Nazi
on of Danish Jews is
lied "Jew Dictator,"
rooper Eichmann, the
er is informed. Eich
known for his sadistic
Jews. He engineered
[ extermination action
lews in Germany and
ipied territories. The
Won of Eichmann in
h is defended by
is in the following
There is no Danish
lent and therefore
Hanneken has
that the Gestapo aid
lecution of military
fork Times. 10/8/43.
IGTHE
IW GHETTO
Filliam L. Shirer
IN, November 19,
For almost two
ow there has been no
:tion on land, sea, or
lir. From talks with
military people,
I'm convinced it
|a mistake to think that
will accept the Allied
to fight this war.
the economic front
st die kind of war in
Reich would be at a
age. And that's one of
is why most people
: military action very
the Governor-Gener-
iipied Poland, today
hat the Jewish ghetto
|w henceforth must be
I from the rest of the
' barricades and placed
rp police control. He
Jews are "carriers of
and germs.'* An
friend back from
[tonight tells me the
picy is simply to ex-
the Polish Jews,
being herded into
Poland and forced to
pinheated shacks and
German soldiers rounding up victims for deportation in the Warsaw Ghetto / Photo credit: Yivo
Institute for Jewish Research
robbed of any opportunity of
earning bread and butter.
Several thousand Jews from the
Reich have also been sent to
eastern Poland to die, he says.
From: William L. Shirer. Berlin
Diary, New York: Alfred A.
Knopf, Inc., 1940, 1941.
Belgians Free
Deportees
LONDON, Aug. 20 (ONA)
On April 20, 1,500 Jews
were being transported from
Malines to Poland in cattle cars
when the train was held up by a
band of Partisans, who
overpowered the German
guards, opened the cars and
distributed funds to the
deportees. Six hundred
deportees escaped. German
troops later opened fire on the
fleeing passengers, killing
twenty, wounding forty and
recapturing thirty. Those who
escaped were said to be hiding
in the Brussels area.
Overseas News Agency, 8/2/43.
Prisoners Kill
Nazi Guard at
Concentration Camp
Special Cable to
The New York Times
BERLIN, May 17. A
notice in the obituary column
of the newspaper, Veelklscher
Beobachter of the death of
Albert Kallweit, a Storm
Trooper who "on May 13 was
the victim of cowardly attack
during the performance of his
duty at a lonely post in the
Thuringian Forest," is taken
here as confirming a report of
the first known outbreak of
violence in a German con-
centration camp.
The report said two prisoners
had killed the guard with a
spade and that their escape
probably had been facilitated by
villagers.
The New York Times. 5/18/38.
French Aid
Fleeing Jews
Aug. 31 (Delayed)(U.P.)-Police
have begun mass arrests of
13,000 foreign Jews in
unoccupied France for
deportation to labor camps in
German-controlled Eastern
Europe and the French people
are aiding the Jews to resist
seizure, it was learned today.
The round-up began Aug. 26
at the command of the Ger-
mans, who at the same time
began arresting 20,000 foreign
Jews in the occupied zone.
Reports of the arrests in the
unoccupied zone have been
mentioned only briefly in the
Paris press, and not a line about
them has appeared in the
newspapers of unoccupied
en Peeling Potatoes at Terezm." drawing hy Malvma Scbalior-.
u an wternee ,n the concentratwn camp-aly / From the exhjb.twn
SpirrtmJ Resistance,- circulated by the Union of Ametnan Hebrew
Congregations
France.
In some cases French farmers
have defended Jewish fugitives
from the police with scythes.
Other Jews have barricaded
themselves in their homes or
fled to mountains and forests.
As a result, less than half of the
13,000 have been found.
Opposition was so great at
Toulouse that the departmental
Prefect sought permission to
augment police forces with
troops. The War Office refused,
but in four regions
Toulouse, Limoges, Lyon and
Montpellier only 3,787
Jews out of 7,129 were found.
United Press International, 9/3/42.
CONDITIONS
IN THE
WARSAW GHETTO
by Dr. Witold Majewski
I was in the ghetto three
times. I had permission to visit
it as a physician. The entrance
into the ghetto is under the
control of German and Polish
police; the interior is super-
vised by Jewish police. The
Warsaw street cars stop sixty or
seventy meters from the gates
of the ghetto. When they pass
the streets of the ghetto, the
cars dash through them so
swiftly that no one is able to
jump off. Typhus and ether
epidemics rage in the ghetto.
Children under 3 years of age
and adults over 45 may not
receive medical attention, jews
receive half the food which the
Poles receive. The Poles receive
100 grams of bread dairy, the
Jews receive 100 grams by
ration cards every other day.
Sometimes kasha (buckwheat)
is given out, but not regularly
it's all very arbitrary. The
children in the ghetto are worse
off. Sometimes a bottle of milk
is pushed through the sewer
pipes near the ghetto walls.
Food is smuggled through the
walls in many different ways. In
the fact of death by hunger, the
Jews risk their lives to obtain a
morsel of bread.
From: Cnzeu Polika. 1941.
DISCUSSION GUIDE
THEME IV:
GERMANY
DOMINATES EUROPE
AND INI JNSIFIES
PERSECUTION
OF JEWS
1939 1945
Blitzkrieg! A ne- u kind of M i
especially for lha Jews. Hi' r
invaded Poland on Septemner
1. 1939, and more than th
million Jews came under his
rule, some of them having been
deported there a year or two
earlier by the Nazis themselves.
Two years later Russia was
invaded and another three
million Jews were subjected to
Nazi rule. By that time virtually
all of Europe's Jews nine
million of them before the war
were being crushed under the
Nazi heel. Only one out of every
three would escape death.
Any doubts that the Nazis
would behave differently in
Eastern Europe than they had
acted toward the Jews of
Germany were dispelled early.
On September 16, 1939, the
eve of Rosh Hashana, the
beginning of the Jewish New
Year, the Luftwaffe, the German
air force, bombed the Jewish
quarter of Warsaw. The
significance of the attack was
unmistakable.
The response, in Warsaw and
elsewhere, was flight. Jewish
and non-Jewish refugees
crowded the roads, driven by
the advancing Wehrmacht as
dust before a broom.
The Jews, their rights and
livelihoods long gone in
Germany and elsewhere, were
marked: white armbands, yellow
Stars of David. The fact that
they had lived in ghettos, which
they accepted as an historical
truth, now became legally
enforced ghettoization. Judenrat,
Jewish governing councils, were
created by orders of the
occupying authorities to carry
out their murderous designs.
But the ghettos created by the
Nazis were not like the ghettos
the Jews had confined
themselves to during the Middle
Ages. The Medieval ghettos
were devised by Jews for
protection of themselves and
their institutions. These ghettos,
where starvation, exposure and
disease took their toil dairy, were
part of the Final Solution for
Jewish destruction and
extermination. They were human
cages, no less cruel than the
concentration camps, and no
less deadly.
Again, then is no tack of
documentation of this period^
Nazl rule. Study ft, comparpne
Nazi occupation to thajjg/Rther
conquerors, compare the
reaction of those overrun to that
of other peoples who have been
subjugated by an oppressor
"The will to live is so strong that
it created the illusions to sustain
it." This statement attempts to
explain why the Jews refused to
believe what their fate would be
at the hands of the Nazis. Is this
an accurate psychological
judgment? What would you say
are the qualities needed to
survive in a ghetto''




THE DEPORTATIONS, MASS KILLINGS
Thi Ricoao: The Holocaust in Hivro.,
The And Dcfunjtion Lntut of Biui B nth and The National Council tot ihTsi^illl
Goebbels
Threatens
Extermination of
Jews in Reprisal
for Bombings
BERLIN June 12 (From
German B >adcast Recorded by
The Unit 1 Press in New
York) opaganda Minister
Joseph (.- hbels said tonight
that Gen ly would carry out
a mass xtermination" of
Jews in t isal lor the Allied
air born!' ^ of German cities
which, hi .knowledged, have
caused heavj damage.
Dr Goebbels, in an article in
the publication The Reich, said
the Jews w ould be exterminated
throughout Europe "and
perhaps even beyond Europe"
in retaliation against the heavy
air assaults.
Dr. Goebbels said the
damage inflicted thus far on
German war production was
not great enough to cause
"serious setbacks." He
declared Germany would repay
"blow by blow" the air attacks
on her cities.
2,000.000
MURDERS
BY NAZIS
CHARGED
From: Unttad Press
International, 6 15 il
NAZI DOCUMENT
"A Total Clean-Up"
Himmler's Order, July 19,
1942
I order that the resettlement
of the entire Jewish population
of the Gencralgouvernement be
carried out and completed bv
December 31. 1942.
By December 31. 1942. no
persons ot Jewish extraction are
to be found in the General-
gouvernement. except if they
are in the assembly camps of
Warsaw. Cracow.
Czestochowa. Radom. Lublin.
All other work projects em-
ploying Jewish labor must be
completed by then or, if
complenon is not possible,
must be transferred to one of
the assembly camps.
These measures are
necessary for the ethnic
separation of races and peoples
required in the context Of the
New Order of Europe, as well
as in the interest of the security
and purity of the German Reich
and the spheres of its interest.
Any breach in this proceeding
constitutes a threat to peace and
order in the entire sphere of
German interest, a starting
point for the resistance
movement, and a center of
moral and physical contagion.
For all these reasons, a total
cleanup is necessary and is
accordingly to be carried out.
Anticipated delays beyond the
deadline are to be reported to
me in time for early remedial
measures. All requests from
other agencies for alterations or
for permission to make ex-
ceptions are to be submitted to
me personally.
Heil H.tler!
________(Signed) H. Himmkr
hrmn I.ik \ Dawidowicz, \
Holocmasl Hi.;./,. New Yori
Behnran Hoase. In. 1976
By Wireless to
The New York Times
LONDON. Aug. 7 Polish
Labor Fights, a publication
issued here today, printed an
au <>unt of a house maintained
bv lu- Germans at Treblinka.
I :. for the extermination
l In this place alone, it is
said, the Germans have killed
.000 persons.
The account of the
executions opens with an
announcement the Germans
pinned up on the station where
the victims arrive.
"You may be easy in your
mind as to your future." the
nonce read. "You are going to
the east to work and your wives
will have care of your
household. Before you leave
you must have a bath and your
clothing must be deloused.
Your property will be restored
to you in proper condition."
Comply With Order
to Disrobe
Men, women and children
comply with the order for
disrobing and then states Polish
Labor Fights, comes the first
scene in the last act of the
Treblinka tragedy. The article
continues:
"Children and women go
first, urged on by whips of the
Germans. Faster and faster they
are driven and thicker and
thicker fall the blows on heads
paralyzed with terror and pain.
The silence of the woods is
shattered by the screams of
women and the oaths of
Germans.
"The victims now realize
their doom is near. At the
entrance of the death house the
No. 1 chief himself drives them
to cells, freely using a whip.
The floor of the cell is slippery.
Some fall and are unable to rise
because of the pressure of those
behind. Small children are flung
over the heads of the women.
"When the cells are filled
they are closed and sealed.
Steam is forced through
apertures and suffocation of the
victims begins. At first cries
can be heard but these
gradually subside and after
fifteen minutes all is silent. The
execution is over.
"When the trap is opened to
let the bodies dfop down they
Wl in a compact mass, stuck
together by the heat and steam.
Cold water is sprayed on them
with a hose after which the
grave-diggers pile the corpses
on a platform like the carcasses
of slaughtered animals.
"Often a gravedigger is too
weak to carry two bodies, as
ordered, so he ties arms or legs
together and runs to the burial
ground, draggmg them behind
them.
Men Killed in Same Way
"The execution of men is
carried out in the same way.
They are driven along the same
path through the woods. On
their way to death the reactions
of the vicums differ. Some
blaspheme, but all eventually
are silenced bv blows.
feus waiting in tine for trains to take them to Auschu itz / Photo credit:
Yno Institute for Jeunb Reitarch
,;':;., ^*wc*, ,,. ,.,,.>,*,,
"At times not all victims can
be squeezed into the death cells
at once, and those remaining
are kept near the house of
death. They can see and hear all
that takes place, but are so
numbed in their senses that
there is no sign of the instinct of
self-preservation.
"This is clear proof of the
condition to which thev have
been reduced by ,11 treatment
and starvation."
ll" Vf" Yi Tin s s n
JEWISH GIRlT
DROWNED
Deposition by Eric Pfaltsgraf
Prisoner of War
Ober-Corporal, 328th Inf.
Reg., 227th Grenadier Div.
The treatment of the Jews
was particularly revolting.
When the latter were seized
they were shockingly beaten
and then hanged. Officers
ordered Jewh girl, ,0 be
brought before them. These
gu-b were forced to dance in the
nude before the officers; ,hey
were usually violated and then
brutally slaughtered. Schuman
was present when Jewish girls
had their clothes torn off their
backs and were drowned in a
Si
Nazi Execution Mill
Reported in Poland
Feb. 11 {AP) A young
Polish Jew who escaped from a
mass execution in Poland with
the aid of false identification
papers repeated today a story
jhat the Germans operated an
execution factory" in old
Kussian fortifications in eastern
Poland.
The Jews were forced naked
onto a metal platform operated
" a hydraulic elevator which
owered them into a huge v.,
W w.th water up ,0 the
vienms necks, he said. Thev
were electrocuted by current
through the water. The
elevator then lifted the bodies to
crematorium above, the
youth said.
The youth said he personally
"< seen trainloads of Jews
pTnd^ lUSka in -5
Poland ,n the morning for the
crematorium at near-by Beliec
nd return empty in ,
evening. He was told the res trf
he ory. he said, by fc.
d'v.duals who escaped .fi
rually being taken *
a^ctorv The fortification?.
ried. we built by ,he
Russians after ,hev had oc
P'*d eastern Poland
The Associated Pre^2,1144
THE CLEAN
Deposition by Eric I _
_. P'onerofW ,
Uber-Corporal, 328,ll
Reg.,227,hGren.S|
-In the Uman, Km,
and Kiev districts them
accorded the Jews w (
to make one's hair s
end. Ober SergeantSch
Kiev described ho,
troops personally bu
Russian's and Jew,
troopers called this i,
or pay-off. Schuman's l
was ordered to clear che|
outskirts of rebels atxL
tisans, and thousand
partisans, Jews and ,
criminals" were put tod
He related that his mi
ordered to attend the
shooting of these people i
was therefore witness .
terrifying sight. About 51
people of both sexes and aid
were forced to dig their |
and kneel before them.
they were machintj
they toppled over into i
Another column ip_ _
tbe grave, they in turn i
mowed down. A third
was compelled to scatter!.
on the graves and then dagd
own. In these groups
many women and children
begged for mercy, but
cries fell on deaf ears.
When this method
nihilation became too
the officers hit upon in
one. Great masses of
were driven to a crater
had been prevously ma
When they were all the
explosion was set off in
manner that the flying
earth buried the people I
them. After this, for
minutes straight, the suit I
ground was heavily fire upon
machine guns.
from: Jtunh Bljti Book Ca
The Black Book.
RUSSIAN
WARPRISONEBSI
WEBEEXECDID
AND CREMATED I
LONDON, Dec. 51
Evidence that Russian |
of war were executed
cremated in German
centrauons camps has
offered to the emigre
Government by a Czech
officer who spent several
in a German prison camp I
he escaped to England.
The officer's story has I
investigated by the Cfl
Government and will sooii
published. He said that
inmates of his concentr""
camp had found buttons M
Russian uniforms in the *
of bodies burned by the Gff
mans after constant
wholesale executions'1
officer said that some of
uniforms were thost
executed Partisans, but *
others had undoubtedly
worn by captured
officers.
Prosa I mtr International. 12


The Rico: Thi Holocaust in History, 1933-194)
The Anli Definition League of B'nti B'rith and The Nation*! Council for the Social Studies
RESISTANCE. THE FINAL SOLUTION
I
Appeal to
Resistance in
(the Warsaw Ghetto
January 1,1942
Let us not go to slaughter like
heep! Jewish youth, do not
list the deceivers. Of the
fc,000 Jews in Jerusalem of
Lithuania only 20,000 remain.
JV'ith our own eyes we saw our
barents, brothers and sisters
{natched away for ever. Where
the hundreds of men
arrested by the police sup-
posedly to do some job of work?
/here are the naked women
nd children taken away in the
horrifying night of the great
provocation? Where are the
jews captured on Yom Kippur?
And where are our brothers
[who were locked up in the
Second Ghetto? Those who
were taken from the ghetto will
never come back, for all the
I roads from the Gestapo lead to
IPonary. And Ponary means
Ideath!
Cast off the illusions of
[people blinded by despair: your
children, your wives, your
I husbands are no more! Ponary
is no camp. They have all been
shot. Hitler has invented a
i system for the destruction of all
the Jews in Europe. It has been
our fate to be the first. '
Let us not go like sheep to
slaughter! It is true that we are
weak and we have nobody to
help us. But our only dignified
answer to the enemy must be
resistance!
Brothers, it is better to die
like free fighters than to live by
the murderer's grace. Resist
until your last bream:
I ram Reuben Aipntein, h ''''
Hi ihlam e in \' /<' F.ustt i n Europe, New ^<>rk
Barnes & Noble Books, 1974.
Plea from Warsaw
is Heard in London
LONDON, March 19 A
plea that the Allies should treat
German prisoners of war as
hostages for the safety of Jews
in Warsaw came in a message
from the Warsaw ghetto to the
Jewish labor representative of
the Polish National Council in
London today.
The message also urged that
the Pope should be petitioned to
intervene officially before the
"liquidation" of the ghetto
already speeded up by the Nazis
has been completed.
The message said it was the
German intention to empty the
ghetto altogether and cited the
occasion a few days ago when
the German police tried forcibly
to evacuate a large block of
densely populated houses. The
inmates resisted and fifty
Germans were killed. The
Germans then brought up
machine guns and some
hundreds of Jews were mur-
dered on the spot.
The slaughter continued for
three days until the whole block
was evacuated and fJ.OOO Jews
were taken away.
The message closed with the
words: "You must rouse the
whole world to action."
The New York Tlnw*. 3/19/43.
Wm l.'k ^ Ujf 2& 4 ^ TJl&lx.
JTJjaflfl V WM -: *\
.-:W>
tatjtY \+* R^^^HfUfl
>* 1*1
A -- 1 11
T> Wf
"> w

W- ;'" -' ^\*^'A'j#w*fT *m*^
Jewish partisans of the Bielsi unit in Poland, May 1944 / Photo credit: Yivo Institute for Jewish Re
rch
Warsaw's Ghetto
Fights Deportation
The New York Times
LONDON, April 22
Armored cars and tanks have
moved into Warsaw, where the
ghetto populace is resisting
deportation of the city's
remaining 35,000 Jews. The
battle was still raging when the
Polish exile government in
London received its latest news
last night.
Those resisting are the most
active elements left after the
mass murders and deportations
of last Fall. The Polish un-
derground movement has
supplied arms and sent trained
commanders for a last stand,
which is said to be costing the
Germans many lives.
After Warsaw, the Cracow
ghetto is to be liquidated, it is
stated, deportations having
already started. Western Poland
has been incorporated into the
Reich and Jews there were
spared until recently. Now
special concentration camps
have been established near
Lodz, and other towns.
Polish circles here believe
1,300,000 Polish Jews already
have perished under the
German occupation.
The New York Times, 4/23/43.
Battle is Reported
in Warsaw's Ghetto
LONDON, May 6, (U.P.)
A battle has been raging for
seventeen days in Warsaw's
ghetto, where Jews have
converted their homes into
forts and barricaded shops and
stores for defense posts, Polish
sources said today.
The Jews, fighting against
annihilation by the Nazis, were
reported using bedsteads as
bunkers and fighting with arms
smuggled into the ghetto.
An underground Polish radio
station several weeks ago
broadcast an appeal from
Warsaw for help. In a broadcast
that was terminated abruptly, it
reported that Warsaw's
Door of a gas chamber, typical of ones through which millions of Jews
passed to their death J Photo credit: Yivo Institute for Jewish Research
remaining Jews had been
sentenced to death' by the
German occupation authorities
and that women and children
were defending themselves
"with their bare arms."
Polish sources here said that
when German execution squads
went into the ghetto they were
met by "furious resistance"
and that fighting had been in
progress since April 29.
United Press International, 5/6/43.
Jews Freed from
Concentration Camp
Join Yugoslav Partisans
There are scarcely any Jews
in the army, since most of them
were slaughtered by the Axis.
However, 300 of a group
liberated from a concentration
camp on the island of Huar
joined one brigade.
//,. \,,( York Times, 12/21/13.
DISCUSSION GUIDE
THEME V:
THE DEPORTATIONS,
MASS KILLINGS,
RESISTANCE,
THE FINAL SOLUTION
1941-1945
By 1941, the Final Solution was
no longer confined to secret
memoranda and diaries. The
brutal taunting was past, even
the forced labor camps were no
longer sufficient for meeting the
Nazis' goals-. The time had
come to make the Third Reich
free from Jews altogether.
The methods had been
tested: since the late 1930s,
mental and physical cripples had
been put to death; "euthanasia,"
it was called. Now the
Vernichtungslager, the death
camps, were begun. Birkenau;
Chelmno, near Lodz; Belzec and
Majdanek, near Lublin;
Treblinka, near Warsaw. The
methods were refined; the early
ones were inadequate for the
enormity of the task.
The deportations
"resettlement," they were called
started. The ghettos were
scheduled for liquidation.
The record of Jewish
resistance is not extensive, but fl
is testimony less to the strength
of the people than to the reality
of their situation. A mob of
drunken peasants or a company
of cossacks were one thing; the
SS was quite another Civil
disobedience is no weapon
against a government of terror.
The brutality of the reprisals for
any opposition tar exceeded any
benefits the acts themselves
yielded.
There was opposition and
resistance, though Jews fought
in partisan units and formed
their own, they joined the
underground and had their own
clandestine networks, including
newspapers and telegraph
systems. There were acts of
sabotage and assassination,
even in the death camps. In the
work camps, the slogan, "Work
badly and slowly," was a motto
to live by.
There were many non-Jewish
anti-Nazis, like Pastor Martin
Niemoeller. and the assistance
they gave the Jews Is
impressive in the face of the
danger they confronted and the
suffering they risked.
And in each ghetto there were
groups of Jews, most of them
young Zionists and socialists,
who felt they were doomed
anyway and preferred to die
fighting, even knowing they
would change nothing, could
save nothing but their own
honor. That was enough. M
outweighed any risk to the entire
community.
Nowhere was this belief more
prevalent than in the Warsaw
Ghetto where, between April 19.
1943 the first nighl of
Passover and Mav 8, 1943,
some of the most heroic actions
of the entire war were recorded
Wl.en the revolt was finally
ended by a Nazi force of more
than 5.000 men May 8. the
ghetto was a cemetery, but it
had held out against the Nazi
onslaught longer than the Polish
army in 1939
Reports of what the Nazis
were doing began to filter out.
But how could the Western
world believe them when even
the Jews of Eastern Europe
found it difficult to comprehend
what was happening to them?
As far as the Nazi6 were
concerned, the Final Solution
was as important as the war.
Jews were moved to the death
camps while troops for the front
were shunted onto sidings. Even
when the military situation
began to deteriorate, execution
of the Final Solution continued
without interruption. War plans
could be changed, but not those
for the Final Solution.
Evidence of the Nazi
atrocities is as exhaustive as It
is horrifying. What does it reveal
about the persons who
conceived the Final Solution,
and what does it reveal about
the people against whom the
reign of tenor was directed?
Consider the attempts of
Jews to resist and what It
reveals about the Jews of
Europe and oppressed people
anywhere. Consider the
response of the outside world to^
appeals from those who were
doomed. Consider the attitudes
of those who died and those
who survived.


END OF THE WAR, INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE
U.S. CONGRESSMEN
AT DEATH CAMP
BUCHENWALD, Ger-
many, April 22 (AP) Eight
American Congressmen walked
among the horrors of
Buchenwald prison today and
got shocked eyewitness proof of
a German world in which
human life was not worth that
of an animal.
They came at the personal
invitation of Gen. Dwight D.
Eisenhower, who wanted them
tc see for themselves this village
where decency was torn aside
and men died like beasts in one
of Germany's worst butcher
shops.
"This is barbarism at its
worst," said Representative
Gordon Canfield, Republican of
New Jersey, "and it is a bad
commentary on civilization.
General Eisenhower has
presented proof of the
atrocities. This bears out
everything he or anyone else
has said."
With Representative Canfield
were Representatives Carter
Manasco, Democrat of
Alabama; Henry M. Jackson,
Democrat of Washington; Earl
Wilson, Republican of Indiana;
Albert Rains, Democrat of
Alabama; Eugene W or ley,
Democrat of Texas; Marion T.
Bennett, Republican of
Missouri, and Francis E.
Walter, Democrat of Penn-
sylvania. They were in England
on various missions when they
received the invitation from
General Eisenhower to make a
special trip to Buchenwald.
Each said he was shocked
almost beyond belief at what he
saw and was told by the
prisoners. "This is the most
horrible thing that anyone
could conceive," said
Representative Manasco.
Representative Jackson said,
"we heard atrocity stories from
the last war which were not
verified, but now we have seen
them with our own eyes and
they are the most sordid I have
ever imagined."
The Associated Press, 4/22/45.
Nazi Death Factory
Shocks Germans
on o Forced Tour
By GENE CURRIVAN
By Wireless to
The New York Times
BUCHENWALD, Ger
many, April 16 (Delayed)
German civilians 1,200 of
them were brought from the
neighboring city of Weimar
today to see for themselves the
horror, brutality and human
indecency perpetrated against
their "neighbors" at the
infamous Buchenwald con-
centration camp. They saw
sights that brought tears to
their eyes, and scores of them,
including German nurses, just
fainted away.
They saw more than 20,000
non-descript prisoners, many of
them barely living, who were
all that remained of the normal
complement of 80,000. The
Germans were able to evacuate
the others before we overran
Tm Ricoan The Holocaust in History, i9. 1u,
Th, Anti-Dcfamation L*u< of B na. B nth and TV National Counc.l ( d* s^ ^ 4*
Soviet Union, Poland, Fr*, i
Belgium, the Netherl.,?
Czechoslovakia, Yugoslav,, J
other countries, including 2
non;ALLied lands of Hun*!
and Rumania, were n
terminated in Oswiecim. tJ
means used were "$ho
famine, poisoning and a
strous tortures."
The report states that J
General Eisenhower with American soldiers examining bodies of victims at BergenBelsen, 1945 I Photo
credit: Yivo Institute for Jewish Research
the place on April 10.
One of the first things that
the German civilian visitors
saw as they passed through the
gates and into the interior of the
camp was a display of "par-
chment." This consisted of
large pieces of human flesh on
which were elaborate tatooed
markings. These strips had
been collected by a German
doctor who was writing a
treads* on tatooes, and also by
the 28-year-old wife of the
Standartenfuehrer or com-
manding officer. This woman,
according to prisoners, was an
energetic sportswoman who,
back in Brandenburg, used to
ride to hounds. She had a mania
for unusual tattooes, and
whenever a prisoner arrived
who had a rare marking on his
body, she would indicate that
that trophy would make a
valuable addition to her
collection.
In addition to the "par-
chments" were two large table
lamps, with parchment shades
also made of human flesh.
The German people saw all
this today, and they wept.
Those who didn't weep were
ashamed. They said they didn't
know about it, and maybe they
didn't...
The Seu York Times. 4/18/45.
Oswiecim
(Auschwitz)
Killings Placed
at 4,000,000
By C. L. Sulzberger
MOSCOW, May 7 More
than 4,000,000 persons were
systematically slaughtered in a
single German concentration
camp that at Oswiecim in
Poland, near Cracow from
1939 to 1944. The Germans
thus accomplished with
scientific efficiency the greatest
incidence of mass murder in
recorded history.
This slaughter exceeds in
barbaric intention and method
not only the greatest brutalities
of such infamous conquerors as
Genghis Khan but also sur-
passes even Germany's
own record in her previous
prize exhibitions at Maidanek,
Dachau and Buchenwald.
Such is the miserable tale
made public today on the eve
of the official end of the
European war by the Soviet
Union's Extraordinary State
Commission investigating the
extermination center at
Oswiecim. For some time
various Russians have had a
pretty good idea of the abysmal
tale of Oswiecim, especially
those now working on a Black
Book of German infamy, but
these are the first statistical data
of the horrible camp's record.
According to the Soviet
commission, "more than
4,000,000 citizens" of the
chambers, crematoria
surga:
Mm grave at Bergen-Belsen, 1945/ Photo credit. Black Star
wards, laboratories and cli
were erected around OswkcbI
to accomplish this mi\
production monstrosity.
Such a report would seea I
incredible to American readm
except that now they have btal
"conditioned" by the horrco
of Buchenwald, which alreadt I
have been fully invesugaL
According to the Sorie
report, which included J
terviews with 2,819 libenta
prisoners at Oswiecim, Go-
man professors and doctos
conducted their experiments
healthy persons, includirjj
castration', sterilization oil
women, artificial infection wid
cancer, typhus and tnikm
germs, tests of the effects rf
poisons and the destrucooo J
children by injection into tk
, heart of carbolic acid or tk
simpler method of hantj|
them into furnaces.
The camp, it is charged, n I
organized by Heinridi Ha-
ni ler, built in 1939 by his ads
and cons traced in a huge sens
of buildings around tk
Oswiecim suburbs to hoot
between 180,000 and 250,0001
prisoners simultaneously.
The first crematorium tal
erected in 1941, but the not
year, it is stated, Himmfc
inspected the camp and dedkf
that "improvements" wm
necessary, so new forma
were built by the German faa |
of Topf & Sons.
Public baths were insnU |
for group cyanide poisoffift|,
and because "the baths"
output exceeded the j
crematoria's capacity, deep pa |
were dug where excess bois j
were burned over huge fire, j
The report states that
1943 the frugal German
decided to sell the unburnai
bones to the firm of Schterha
to be used for the production (I
superphosphates, which
done, and that, in addition
almost 113 tons of crush*1
bones, loads of women's hat
were sold for industrial F*'
poses.
Within twenty four hou*
each crematorium was abieie
consume more than 10.W
bodies, it is stated cm the Ml
of information provided hJ j
Polish, Hungarian, French. j
Czechoslovak, Netherlini
Yugoslavia, Italian, GreA j
Rumanian and Belgi" *1
vivors interviewed.
Besides the human gun*
pigs kept alive for perimentauon, some Wfl
were utilized at various tuj
for hard labor, but the
lings were continually *"*
out for the gas chambers.
Tons of clothing, bedduj
and the personal belonging*'
the murdered victims were** j
to Germany.
The New York Time,. 5/8/45.


The Recoup: The Holocaust in Histoiy, 19JM94}
The Anti-Defamation League of B'mi B'tith and The National Council for the Social Studies
END OF THE WAR, INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE
LLLIED DOCUMENT
From the opening
I statement for the United
States of America at the
Nuremberg War Crimes
Tribunal, by Robert H.
Jackson, Representative
and Chief of Counsel for
the United States
of America,
November 21,1945
This Tribunal, while it is
kovel and experimental, is not
product of abstract
eculations nor is it ideated to
ndicate legalistic theories.
This inquest represents the
ctical effort of four of the
nost mighty of nations, with
he support of fifteen more, to
International Law to
neet the greatest menace of our
times aggressive war. The
fcommon sense of mankind
pemands that law shall not stop
vith the punishment of petty
rimes by little people. It must
reach men who possess
hemselves of great power and
dake deliberate and concerted
of it to set in motion evib
which leave no home in the
vorld untouched. It is a cause
this magnitude that the
Jnited Nations will lay before
four Honors.
In the prisoners' dock sit
renty-odd broken men.
Reproached by the humiliation
| of those they have led almost as
bitterly as by the desolation of
[those they have attacked, their
[personal capacity for evil is
forever past. It is hard now to
Iperceive in these miserable men
las captives the power by which
las Nazi leaders they once
I dominated much of the world
[and terrified most of it. Merely
las individuals, their fate is of
I little consequence to the world.
What makes this inquest
[significant is that these
[prisoners represent sinister
] influences that will lurk in the
| world long after their bodies
I have returned to dust. They are
I living symbols of racial hatreds,
of terrorism and violence, and
of the arrogance and cruelty of
power. They are symbols of
fierce nationalisms- and of
j militarism, of intrigue and war-
| making which have embroiled
I Europe generation after
generation, crushing its
manhood, destroying its
homes, and impoverishing its
! life. They have so identified
themselves with the
1 philosophies "they conceived
I and with the forces they
directed that any tenderness to
them is a victory and an en-
couragement to all the evib
which are attached to their
names. Civilization can afford
no compromise with the social
forces which would gain
renewed strength if we deal
ambiguously or indecisively
with the men in whom those
forces now precariously sur-
vive.
What these men stand for we
will patiently and temperately
disclose. We will give you
undeniable proofs of incredible
events. The catalogue of crimes
will omit nothing that could be
'The living dead at Buchenwald," April 1945 I Photo credit: Margaret Bourke-While / Time-Life, Inc.
conceived by a pathological
pride, cruelty, and lust for
power. These n.en created in
Germany, ',n<' *" the
"Fuhrerprinzip, National
Socialist despotism equaled
only by the dynasties of the
ancient East. They took from
the German people all those
dignities and freedoms that we
hold natural and inalienable
rights in every human being.
The people were compensated
by inflaming and gratifying
hatreds toward those who were
marked as "scapegoats."
Against their opponents,
including Jews, Catholics, and
free labor, the Nazis directed
such a campaign of arrogance,
brutality, and annihilation as
the world has not witnessed
since the pre-Christian ages.
They excited the German
ambition to be a "master
race," which of course implies
serfdom for others. They led
their people on a mad gamble
for domination. They diverted
social energies and resources to
the creation of what they
thought to be an invincible war
machine. They overran their
Opentng of the Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal, November 21, 1945 / Photo credit: Hadassah Photo
Archives
neighbors. To sustain the
"master race" in its war-
making, they enslaved millions
of human beings and brought
them into Germany, where
these hapless creatures now
wander as "displaced per-
sons." At length bestiality and
bad faith reached such excess
that they aroused the sleeping
strength of imperiled
Civilization. Its united efforts
have ground the German war
machine to fragments. But the
struggle has left Europe a
liberated yet prostrate land
where a demoralized society
struggles to survive. These are
the fruits of the sinister forces
that sit with these defendants is<
the prisoners' dock.
DISCUSSION GUIDE
THEME VI:
END OF THE WAR,
INTERNATIONAL
JUSTICE
The war did not end for two
more years, but Warsaw was
the end as far as organized
Jewish resistance went. The
number of surviving Jews went
pitifully down day by day. The
effort now went into keeping
Jews alive as a "saving
remnant'' and as future
witnesses against the Nazis.
The full extent of the crime
was not to be known for a while.
The world watched in horror as
the death camps were liberated,
it listened in shock as
Nuremberg prosecutors elicited
17,000 pages of testimony about
the unprecedented, systematic
destruction of an entire people.
But many of those who had
perpetrated these atrocities had
committed suicide or fled.
Those who were brought to
trial sat in the dock as their
accusers presented them with
nearly three thousand tons of
documents Nazi leaders had
written about their deeds, with
more than five thousand
photographs of ghettos,
deportations, concentration
camps, crematoria and mass
graves. In the face of this
evidence they turned to the
world and said they knew
nothing of what had occurred or
they were only following orders.
It was for Justice Robert
Jackson, chief American counsel
at Nuremberg, to sum it up lor
mankind: "The wrongs which we
seek to condemn and punish
have been so calculated, so
malignant and devastating, that
civilization cannot tolerate their
being ignored because It cannot
survive their being repeated."
How was H possible for the
world to stand by without
halting this destruction? What
role did the churches play
during this period? What do you
think are the attitudes of the
survivors? Could you make a
new lite in a new country?
Consider the reactions of
mankind when it realized what
had happened.
Contemplate, also, the guilt of
those who were accused, their
defense and the justice that
was meted out to them.
Consider the Holocaust and
what it means to you.


SAVIORS, SURVIVORS AND NEW LIVES
EINSTEIN AT
SIXTY
Congratulations will pour in
upon Einstein today, his
sixtieth birthday. They ought
to pour in on the country too.
Thanks to the barbarity and the
bigotry of the present German
Government, the most
distinguished of living
mathematical physicists, one of
the great figures in the history
of intellectual achievement, is a
resident of the United States
and a citizen-to-be. If the
dazzling gift of Einstein were
not darkened by a tragedy
which has brought despair to
fifteen hundred university
professors. American science
would be justified in cabling a
warm "thank you" to the
Fuehrer who has outdone the
Middle Ages in fanatic cruelty
and so far blighted German
research that not for a
generation after his evil in-
fluence has passed can it expect
to recover something of its
former glory.
The Ant.-Detimation Leue B ni B r
Tmi RicwloiTmi Holocaust m Hto.y mUu,
ith anJ The Nitiooal Council (or lot Socm'stiS: 1|J
The Veil York Times. 3/14/39
Albert Einstein, uith his uijt and daughter, teething bit American citizenship paptr, / Photo credit:
American Institute of Physics
Hadassah
Rosensaft
Auschwitz
Number
52406
Hadassah Rosensaft was born
in Sosnowice, Poland. She was
very gifted, always top of her
form at school, according tc
contemporaries. After high
school at home, a university
education at Nancy, France,
she studied dentistry, qualified
well and was ready to settle
down. Her success within the
terms of reference of her class
and her milieu was assured:
high qualifications, a good
family background, looks,
intelligence, a pleasant per-
sonality, a way with people...
And then the calamity. The
dates, in deep black, as it were,
we all heard from Hadassah
herself when, as Dr. Hadassah
Bimko, she appeared as the
chief witness for the
prosecution in the Belsen Trial
(17 September-17 November,
1945). She introduced herself
as "a Jewess from Poland'' and
told the Court that she had been
arrested and sent to Auschwitz
on 4 August, 1943days,'
hours, even minutes count in
such nightmarish memories
and transferred to Belsen on 23
November, 1944. Both in
Auschwitz and in Belsen she
worked in so-called hospitals
and saw agony within agony.
It was. Hadassah Rosensaft
who first told the world, from
the witness box of the first war
crimes trial, that records
secretly compiled by her friends
and herself at Auschwitz
showed that about four million
people had been done to death
in the crematoria. Today we
have access to all the horrible
details and the Nazi record is
laid bare. But Hadassah made
her statement only four months
after the war in Europe. An
incredulous world listened in
stunned silence to the
testimony of a survivor who
preserved her sanity and her
judgement, and was able to
summon enough strength to
tell the story coherently
Hadassah's evidence before
the Court at Luneberg I shall
never forget. She stood there
almost motionless, obviously
keeping a right grip on herself,
and told the story of Auschwitz
and Belsen in a very quiet
voice, quieter even than usual.
She showed for the first time
how it happened that Belsen
had become the hell on earth
which we saw after liberation;
how healthy and intelligent
men and women had been
reduced to physical helplessness
and mental feebleness; how
proud people had been degraded
to a subhuman existence.
Of her own part before
liberation Hadassah seldom
speaks. And when she does it is
always in first person plural. It
took me a long time, years of
friendship and conversations,
serious and light-hearted,
penetrating and superficial,
before Hadassah told some of
her own story. This is not a
story one should interfere with.
I am letting her tell it
"At 3 a.m. on a bitterly cold
December night in 1944, our
block at Belsen was suddenly
awakened by the noise of a
motorcar and the cry of
children. Soon we heard the
shouting of the SS, so familiar
to us in those days. We were
ordered outside and there we
saw a huge lorry hill of children
of various ages. The SS told the
children to get out There were
forty-nine of them ranging in
age between eight months and
fifteen years. We took the
children inside. Ours was
supposed to be an ambulance
and treatment unit
"We learned a little later
that these were the children of
Dutch Jews who had been
removed the same day from the
camp allegedly to teach the
Germans the art of diamond
polishing.They were never seen
again. It should not be difficult
to imagine our feelings when
we suddenly found ourselves in
charge of abandoned Jewish
children. We gave them all our
love and whatever strength was
left to us. Some weeks later,
more children arrived from
Buchenwald and Theresien
stadt. They were children of
Polish and Czechoslovak Jews
who survived and reached us by
some miracle. I have no other
explanation Our girls and
women took care of them.
Weak and ailing as they were
themselves, they attended to
the children day and night, fed
them, washed them and played
with them. When some of our
men. who worked in the SS
stores and chemist shops, heard
that we had children in our
block, they risked their lives
daily to steal food and other
commodities which they passed
on to us for our charges.
Without these Jewish men
and women the children would
not have survived. Thanks to
them none of our children
succumbed to the raging
typhoid fever, although all of
them caught it or went through
some other illness while with
us. I vividly remember a long
and terrible night when we
were sitting by the feverish
children as they tossed and
turned and cried"....
There is nothing about
Hadassah's part in this story of
human courage and human
kindness. Others told me that it
was she who took charge of the
operation, who organized and
guided it to its successful end
when the children, all of them,
were delivered to their parents
and relatives or sent to Israel,
as was the case with the or-
phans and the friendless. But
rehabilitation took some time.
And here is again Hadassah's
own report, still in impersonal
terms, as if she was one of us, a
reporter, and not one of the
most important of the dramatis
personae.
Bas,for years, Photo credit: ZiontictZ" "" """
"After liberation aj
British medical personnel 2
the liberated doctors and nuj
performed super-human 3
The children were 2
transferred to proper buildup
bright and spotlessly clean y
given good food and coma,
medical attention. We u\
everything in our power J
teach the children to pay j|
laugh again"....
General H. L. Glvn Huik-l
the Chief Medical Officer offl
Second Army, became J
heroic figure in the battle a]
save as many suvivors a]
humanly possible Many olfe
survivors literally owe hjj
their lives. On liberation dry,
the General askei' -< hether o|
of the inmates the cuJ
would com- with m to shoe
him round, and li.Jassahta]
chosen by them t ^compaaj
the liberator. This co operand
in the salvage of human beirp
continued all through the
rehabilitation period Hadassih|
was soon appointed Ad-
ministrator of Hospitals in the J
liberated camp and became 11
provider of healing and balm in]
the Nazi victims. When the da i
and infested barracks wot]
ceremonially set on fire, on ik
GeneralGlyn Hughes's orden,
he paid his tribute to Hadassu
by inviting her to fire one i j
the incendiary guns. Her
emotions at this parocub
moment must be left to the I
imagination....
It was not by accident, too,
that Hadassah Rosensaft wa
chosen to accompany the first'
children's transport to Israel,'
or rather Eretz Israel as it tha
was. This group left Gernunj
on 9 April. On that day thai
travelled a thousand Jewish,
children, assembled from d|
over Germany, and twenty j
expectant mothers. One millka
Jewish children had been done j
to death in the holocaust; then.
were the few survivon. t
Hadassah is fond of saying tha j
this journey to Eretz Israel with
the children was one of the
highlights of her life She telb:
"I paid some of the childrea
a visit to Kiryat Anavim andl I
saw with what love and if-j
lection they were treated. Oij
the Friday night, as we watj
sitting down for the Sabbath [
meal, I knew that our childrea I
had at last come home"....
That was her reward. |
Hadassah was by then mania
to Yossl Rosensaft. They stayed
in Belsen until the last iomit
left the camp in September,
1950, five years and 6*
months after liberation.
Hadassah's humanity is not
of the demonstrative kind but"
is coming through all the not
Even if you are not in need a
comfort, and don't even &t<
you feel very privileged w
knowing her and you treasure
her friendship. Her humanity
compassion, good sense, sbtWf
to inspire other people a
bring out the best in the*
triumphantly survived at
years of suffering and angiu*
And the world is a nicer ph*
to live in for that
From lews in Transition by $/
Goldsmith, New York: H Press, 1969


j Recoud Thi Holocaust in History, 193)194)
: Anti-Defamation Lfgut of B'nai B'rith ind The National Council for the Social Studies
SAVIORS, SURVIVORS AND NEW LIVES
i ;<
Eban, Israel's former
for Foreign Affairs,
rote: "It is saddening to
that, with one or two
xceptions, the family of
i at large paid little heed
Europe, an ancient
was being harassed
y to death. Worse still,
lurderers found all too
do their will in the
ed territories. It restores
aith in Man to learn that
st and vicious apparatus
aghter, the ruthless
iig down of victims in
jt hiding-places, in no
eterred gallant souls, in
untry and in that, from
out selflessly along the
|us path of Jewish
O.
ese saviors were men
romen impelled by the
s behest, 'Love thy
jr as thyself!' "
of the stories of these
appear below. Their
and many others
found in the Garden of
jhteous at Yad Vashem
leroes' and Martyrs'
ibrance in Jerusalem.
Got many
Official
Srhard Helmrich, a
ag official of the Economic
ftment of the German
Ipying Forces in East
la during 1941-44 used all
Juthoriry to save Jewish
The Jews of the
bycz ghetto were given
were the inmates from
bor camp of Hyrawka.
supplied food for the
hospital at a time when
of the hospital patients
I of malnutrition. Defying
I laws, Eberhard Helmrich
i the escape of numerous
women. There was
Miszel, daughter of a
at the hospital
rich had her driven to a
town in his official car,
full well that she
to hide out using
Aryan papers. When
was discovered, again
rd came to her aid,
; her back to hide her for
[weeks in his own office
could arrange suitable
which would not arouse
suspicion. His
rpiece, however, was to
household help from
lobycz and Lwow to
nan families in Germany,
rstandably, he chose fair
and light-eyed Jewish
for this purpose, fur-
them with Aryan
> or Ukrainian papers, and
ig their fares. All these
survived the war. One
Hansi Warner, worked as
id in Berlin for Helmrich's
Mrs. Helmrich was aware
| Hansi was Jewish, and she
her throughout that
Hansi describes
ich as "an extraordinary
who helped hundreds of
solely for humanitarian
Dr. JUml Binder
Czechoslovakia
The Secretary
In 1936 Anni Binder was
24-years old, working for the
Czech Foreign Office in Prague.
Following the German
conquest, she was dismissed
from her job and her outlook on
the world was transformed. She
aided Jews by offering them the
use of her diplomatic passport
In 1938 she was arrested by the .
Economic Police. Once
released, she renewed her
efforts and in 1941 was arrested
again, by the Gestapo. First
sent to the Ravensbrueck camp
for women as a political
prisoner, by March, 1942,
Anni was in Auschwitz.
Anni's experience in the
Foreign Office was the key to
her selection to the con-
centration camp office staff. She
became secretary at an ex-
perimental farming station
outside the camp where she was
ordered to find "suitable
German-speaking prisoners"
for the station. Her life-saving
rescue mission began. Seven
Jewish prisoners owe their lives
to Anni. She gave moral
comfort and intellectual
support to countless others.
One day, the SS conducted a
search and discovered Anni's
list of collaborators. Realizing
that they were all in grave
danger, Anni went to the
commander and asked that he
keep the matter quiet on the
condition that she would go to
Birkenau. The deal was made
and Anni left the comparative
comfort of the farming station
for a labor camp. In 1944,
paving roads in the ice and
snow, she fell ill and was taken
to the hospital. In August
1944, she was transferred back
to Ravensbrueck, then to
Graslitz from where she
escaped. Today, this
remarkable woman lives in
Prague with her husband and
three children.
1
Phe Fanner
On a tree in Jerusalem is the
name Fiodor Michailovitch
Kalenczuk. Four Jews from the
Ukraine survived the war
because Kalenczuk, at peril to
himself and his family, hid
them on his farm for seventeen
long months. The Jewish
survivors were Pessah Kranz-
berg, a grain merchant from
the town of Hoszcza, his wife,
his 10-year-old daughter
Rassia, and Rassia's little friend
Miriam. In 1942 the Nazi
invaders marched across Poland
and Russia. Kranzberg and the
others managed to escape from
the burning ghetto in Hoszcza
and fled to Kalenczuk's farm.
The two men had known,
respected and liked each other
for five years, never imagining
what dark days would come.
When the world around the
Kranzbergs collapsed, Kalen-
czuk came forth with support
First, he sheltered the fugitives
The Garden of the Righteous at Yad VasbemHeroes' and Martyrs'
Remembrancein Jerusalem where the names of those courageous
individuals who saved Jewish lives are honored.
in his own home. Then he
fashioned a secure* hiding place
for them in his stable, bringing
them meals three times a day,
taking care to provide only
kosher food. Kalenczuk himself
had to struggle to support his
wife and eight children. In
1943 he had to surrender part
of his harvest to the Germans,
yet he continued to feed the
four who were hiding in his
stable. His wife feared that the
Jews were endangering a
Christian household. But he
refused to deny them refuge. At
last, in January 1944 the Red
Army advance made it safe for
the Kranzbergs and little
Miriam to leave their hiding
place. Eventually they reached
Israel. And one day in 1967
Fiodor Michailovitch Kalen-
czuk stood with them in
Jerusalem at the ceremony
enshrining his name in the
Garden of the Righteous.
The Foreman
In the winter of 1944,
thousands of Jews from the
Lodz ghetto were sent to work
in a factory near Radom.
Nearby, the Germans also set
up a rabbit farm for skins for
coats, caps and gloves for
troops on the Russian front
Work on the farm was fairly
light and mostly women were
employed, including scores of
Jewish girls. But conditions
were such that death from
malnutrition or infection
always threatened. Nineteen-
year-old Wladislaw Misiuna
was one of the three Polish
foremen. He allowed the girls
to take vegetables from the
rabbits' supply. When the girls
told him his action might mean
a firing squad, he replied,
"You are hungry human
beings and therefore must eat"
Perhaps worse than the star-
vation was the rampant filth
which bred highly contagious
disease. One of the girls was
covered with sores. Afraid that
the Germans would kill her and
the others who were also in-
fected, yet knowing it was
impossible for her to go to the
camp doctor, Wladislaw in-
fected himself, went to the
camp doctor and thus got the
medication to cure not only
himself but the girl as welL One
day Wladislaw had the girls put
all their clothing in a caldron of
boiling water. Just then a group
of SS officers came to inspect
the farm. One asked what was
in the pot. Wladislaw said it was
food for the rabbits. But the
officer was skeptical and un-
covered the laundry. The of-
ficer was enraged, and ordered
the SS-men to shoot the girls
and the foreman. Suddenly
Wladislaw spoke up: 'Don't
you believe in cleanliness and
hygiene? Do you want us to fall
ill with dreadful infections?'
For a moment, complete
silence. Then the officer said,
'Well, then, stay alive you
and these cursed Jewesses!'
OnaSlmalte
The librarian
When the Germans im-
prisoned the Jews in Vilna
behind the ghetto walls, Ona
Simaite, a librarian at the
University of Vilna, acted. By
pretending to retrieve books
from Jewish students, German
authorities gave her a permit to
enter the ghetto. She went
there almost every day, run-
ning "errands" for hundreds
of Jews. She reclaimed clothing
and valuables Jews had left with
their neighbors (who often
cursed her) and traded these for
food. She carried messages from
fighters in the ghetto to their
comrades in the city and
smuggled in forged documents
and weapons. She shared her
food rations with needy,
children, existing herself on
potatoes and cabbage. Only
three women and a few
anonymous donors joined her
clandestine "Committee for
the Rescue of Jews" helping
her to rescue Jewish children,
cultural treasures, and Torah
Scrolls. She said a nation cannot
exist without a literature and a
culture and proclaimed her
laith in Jewish survival Ona
Simaite rescued dozens of
children. One of them who
reached Palestine said "She
took me when the ghetto was
surrounded by gangs of
Lithuanian and Latvian
murderers took me to her
home. I was a total stranger,
but she cared for me as a
mother for her own suffering
child." Before the ghetto was
destroyed, in 1944, Ona
smuggled out a child on forged
"Aryan" papers. The forgery
was detected, Ona was arrested
and sentenced to death. But
Faculty members bribed an
official in the Gestapo to change
the sentence into im-
prisonment.
She was tortured to disclose
where Jews were hiding, to
reveal the identity of Jewish
Gentile partisans.
"I prayed," Ona said, "that
I might give nothing away. I
used to try to confuse the
names and addresses in my
brain so as not to remember
them...and my prayer was
answered."
Jewish war orphans being rescued, 19431 Photo credit: Yad Vasbem /
Hadassab Photo Archive


THE CRIME WE CANNOT NEGLECT OR FORGET
Ttw Ann-Dcfsatttha Ltaaaf
The Record- The Holocaust in Hbtoiy ..
.., Bnu B nth ind The NatioiM] Council l, d* S.j
S|> I V Dcnu I.. IVphi llnllWUM
...
N it Kamenv, chairman of
the National Program Com
mittce 01 the Anti-Defamation
Leaj :e of B'r. B'rith, called
the ogram ar effort to bring
the ;ost horn ing experience
ofr Jern rim* before millions
of r jple.
"No fictional dramatization
of ch monu ental genocide
ca:. ally pram :e the suffering
of many y pie," he said.
"1 Holoc st' is an im-
portant springboard for the
consideration and discussion of
the facts and meaning of the
systematic murder of six
million Jews.'
Anna S. Ochoa, president of
the National Council .'or the
Social Studies, agreed. The
program "will provide the
necessary background to in-
volve people in a meaningful
study of the Holocaust, a
subject that too often has been
neglected in our schools."
"Holocaust" is being
produced by Herbert Brodkin
ndRobert Berger, the winners
of a number of Emmy Awards,
and directed by Marvin
Chomsky, who directed six
hours of "Roots." It will be
televised from 8-11 p.m. on
Sunday. April 16, from 9-11
p.m. on Monday and Tuesday,
April 17 and 18, and from
8;30-11 p.m. on Wednesday,
April 19.
\N,%* \i'*r ( .ard f-rim Vilna .
(continuii from pgt 2)
to make the long voyage from
Europe and become
Americans, I might have stood
at the lip of a ditch outside
Vilna with my cousins, or
waited naked outside the gas
chambers at Treblinka.
Good fortune endows one
with guilt I have been lucky as
a writer, in having had three
opportu nines to exorcise these
tragic memories, these ghastly
reflections of a crime against
my brethren, unprecedented
sufferings and degradations that
defy analysis. Twice I wrote
about The Holocaust in
booksa non-fiction work
entitled "The Artists of
Terezin," and a novel, "The
Legion of Noble Christians."
Consequently when NBC
and Herbert Brodkin ap-
proached me to write a
television drama on The
Holocaust. 1 already had ac
cumulated a considerable
library of non-fiction literature
and documentation on the Nazi
era, the anti-Semitic cam
paigns. the death camps, the
Jewish resistance movements.
And a day of my life has not
gone by that I have not thought
of the smiling young people on
the Rosh Hashanah card.
1 did not seek to write a nine
and one half hour tract. The
TV series is not a documentary.
It is a drama, a tragedy, but
written in terms of history, true
events and real people. And the
dread events of the years 1935
1945, supplied me with almost
too much material.
How, for example, can any
dramatist improve on the
documented account of
Himmler's only witnessing of a
mass shooting? Outside Minsk,
the bespectacled murderer, the
crackpot racial theorist, the
measurer of Jewish skulls,
swooned and staggered and
cried out as the SS machine
guns killed two hundred naked
Jews. Blood and brains spat-
tered on the Reichsfuehrer's
black boots, terrifying him.
Later he complimented his men
on their courage and stead-
fastness. "Mankind has a right
to protect itself from bed-bugs,
lice and Jews," he said.
Or how does one embellish
or intensify the fighting in the
Warsaw ghetto, which took
place at the start of Passover,
with some Jews holding their
meager seders, and others
firing captured German
weapons from windows and
sending the SS and their
Lithuanian hirelings into
confused, frightened retreat?
And how deal with the
nobility and love and kindness
(despite the recurrent stories of
the dog-eat-dog life of the
prisoners) of so many Jews in
the camps? Doctors who tended
the ill; teachers who held
classes in the shadow of the
crematoria; musicians who
tried to keep art and creativity
live, knowing they might be
selected for "special handling"
the next day?
The answer is that very
little embellishment was
necessary. I created mv fictional
Weiss family and let them be
swept up in the events of the
plague years. In counter-point.
I created Erik Dorf. lawyer. SS
officer, aide to the monster
Hevdrich. a rationalizer, clever
with words and schemes, who
sends trainloads of Jews to their
death. "A subhuman
species," he says, echoing
Himmler "They go to their
death willingly, which proves
the Reichsfuehrer's point."
But not all went willingly.
Only recently with the stories
of acts of resistance (the
Warsaw Ghetto fighting is
fairly well known) being
published, does the world
realize that not j//Jews accept-
ed the Nazis' lies, deceits and
humiliations without protest.
In any event the drama is
done, and I hope that in some
measure it will be a fitting
tribute to the six million, the
survivors, and those brave Jews
who fought back.
Better to die fighting, said
Mordecai Anielewicz. the
leader of the Warsaw ghetto
revolt, than live at the mercy of
the slaughterer. That perhaps is
the moral of "Holocaust."
Bibliography
Overview
Dawtaowcz Lucy The War Against
the Jews 1933-1945 New York H011
Rmenan and Winston. 1975 Ban-
tam 1976 Paper
Hiiberg Raul The Destruction ot the
European Jews Chicago Quad-
rangle 1961 New Viewpoints 1973
Pape'
Meltzer. Milton Neve' to Forget The
Jews of the Holocaust New York
Harper and Row 1976 Dell 1977
Paper
Before the War In Europe
Dobroszycki. Lucjan ara Ba'bara
Kirshenblatt-Gimblett I image Before
My Eyes A Photographic History of
Jewish Life in Poland 1864-1939
New York Schocken Books 1977
Heller. Ceha S Or. the Edge of De-
struction Jews of Poland Between
the Two World Wars New York Co-
lumbia University Press. 1977
Howe Irving ana Ehezer Greenberg
A Treasury 0f Yiddish Stones New
York Viking 1953 Meridian 1958
Paper
Meltzer. Milton I World of Our
Fathers The Jews of Eastern Europe
New York Deli 1974
Sachar. Howard Morley 1 The Course
of Modem Jewish History New York.
De" 1958
Tha MM of Nazi Germany
1933-1939
Mayer Muton They Thought They
Were Free The Germans 1933-1945
ago The University of Chicago
p-ess 1955
Mosse George L Nazi Culture
- '966
aao Eari i The Anatomy ot Nazism
e Ann-Defamation
^eag^e 196'
Shirer William L The Rise and Fall
a History of Nazi
Germany New York Simon and
Schuster 1960
S*itzer. Ellen How Democracy
Faned New York. Atheneum, 1975
Vogt Hannah The Burden of Gmit A
Short History Of Germany 1914-1945
New York Oxford University Press.
964
Holocaust Experience
Gree"~ Gerald I Holocaust New
York Bantam. 1978
Korczak Janosz Ghetto Diary New
York Schocken. 1978
Mos'm Marietta 1 I Am Rosemane
New York John Day 1972
Schaeffer. Susan Fromberg I Anya
New York Macmillan. 1974
Schwartz-Ban Andre I The Last of
the Just New York Atheneum. I960
Bantam 1961 Paper
Wiesei Ei New York Holt. Rmehart. and
Winston 1966 Avon 1967 Paper
Camp*
Cohen. f*e A 1 The Abyss A Con-
'ess'on New York W W Norton.
1973
Jacol Michael I The Last Butterfly
Indianapolis Bobbs-Mernli 1974
Kantor. Alfred 1 The Book of Alfred
Kanlor New York McGraw-Hill.
1971
Levi. Pnmo ; Survival in Auschwitz
The Nazi Assault on Humanity New
York Collier. 1961 Paper
Lusug. Arnost A Prayer tor Katenna
Horovitzova New York Avon. 1975
Sereny Gitta into That Darkness
The Journey from Mercy Killing to
Mass Murder New York McGraw-
Mn. 1974
Resistance
Benchiey. Nathaniel / Bright Candles
New York Harper and Row 1974 Jr
HS Level
Staaier Sea The Holocaust A His-
tory of Courage and Resistance New
York ADL Behrman House. 1974
Paper jr HS Level
Bauer Yehuda 1 Flight and Rescue
Bnchah The Organized Escape o(
the Jewish Survivors of Eastern
Europe 1944-1948 New York Ran-
dom House. 1970
Lamben. Giiles Operator. Hazaiah
New York Bobbs-Merrill. 1974
Mann. Peggy and Ruth Kluger / The
Last Escape The Launching of the
Largest Secret Movement of All
Times New York DoibieZl
Mark. 8er /Upnsng ^V
Ghetto New York ^
Suhl, Yuh I They FooqtT^
Story ol the Je*sn|L
Nazi Europe New Yoa
1975
War Crimes
Hausner. Gidev- Ju_
Jerusalem New Row 1966 fchocken 19jj,1
Rabmowrtz. Dorotiy ^.
Survivors of the Holocaust I
America New r0rk KnonH
Avon. 1978 Pape-
Steinitz. Lucy Y ana Damm
I Living After The Holocaust!
tions by the Postwar
America New Yo- Bkxh *]
New Resource Materialii
the Anti-Defamation I
Ann L. Nick. A TeachersGuoM
Hotocaosr
Outline of concepts base ta
cal information ana structured!
pie lessons Includes b*
maps, glossary, teaching w^
Geared lor one week un* S
$100
Dimensions ol the Ho/ocnJ
Series of Lectures PresuSi
Northwestern University ano(
nated by the Department of n
Includes the Holocaust as I
inspiration. Eke Wiesei. as l1
record. Lucy S Dawdmwcr Ml
memory. Dorothy Rabmoenzi
a problem in mcai chocs I
McAfee Brown 64 pp $195
Selected and Annotated
Ust ot Materials c" the
Preface by Ehe Wiesei
A practical guide listing ami
books and audio-. s^a maWH
lated to the Holocaust '"tenon
use by students teachers and I
ians m secondary schools
as the general community^
headings include European,
Before World War II the Thsdl
Holocaust Overview Hoiocaar]
penence. Ghettos Camps; I
Reaction, War Cr.mes,
Resistance; Survivors An
Jews and Judaism Preiudttj
Nature of Man A s- of i
distnbutors. as wen as Mle and!
indices, are included 65 pp SU
The Holocaust 1933 1945
20 black and wtve postenl
29") plus Viewe' s Guide
Suggestions for Display The I
begins with pre-Holocaust JesM
m Europe, and goes cm to dspdl
growth of Nazism, and anti-f
the ghettos, the death camps, I
lion, the Nuremburg Tnais. anti
building of new lives m Israel
posters were introduced oftcatilj
special exhibit a' The
Museum m New Yo-. 1977
including postage and handknp,
for additional listings sennj
Materials from ADL on the I
caust


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