The Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood

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Material Information

Title:
The Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Physical Description:
13 v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
Fred Shochet
Place of Publication:
Hollywood, Fla

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Hollywood (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Broward County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Broward -- Hollywood

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Nov. 13, 1970)-v. 13, no. 22 (Oct. 28, 1983).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statements conflict: Dec. 24, 1971 called no. 3 in masthead and no. 4 in publisher's statement; July 21, 1972 called no. 19 in masthead and no. 18 in publisher's statement; Aug. 3, 1972 called no. 19 in masthead and no. 18 in publisher's statement; Feb. 2, 1972 called no. 2 in masthead and no. 3 in publisher's statement; Apr. 26, 1974 called no. 9 in masthead and no. 8 in publisher's statement; Aug. 2, 1974 called no. 5 in masthead and no. 15 in publisher's statement.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issues for Aug. 4, 1972 called also v. 2, no. 19, and May 10, 1974 called also v. 4, no. 9, repeating numbering of previous issues.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44512277
lccn - sn 00229541
ocm44512277
System ID:
AA00014307:00123

Related Items

Related Items:
Jewish Floridian
Succeeded by:
Jewish Floridian of South Broward


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Full Text
wJewisti floridi&n
Volume 5 Number 15
and SIIOFAR OF GREATER HOLLYWOOD
Hollywood, Florida Friday, July 18, 1975
25 cent!
Palm Aire Shabbat Weekend South Brard !*&** *
Reservations Are Limited
'Community Mission' Tour
According to Lewis E. Cohn,
chairman of the Jewish Fed-
eration committee arranging a
South Broward leadership week-
end to be held at the Palmaire
Country Club Aug. 1-3, reserva-
tions will be limited to the first
100 applicants.
"Those wishing to partici-
pate." he said, "are urged to
call Federation as soon as pos-
sible."
Guest luminaries will include
Dr. Allen Pollack, a member of
the executive committee of the
World Zionist Organization, the
board of governors of the Jew-
ish Agency, the board of di-
rectors of the United Israel Ap-
peal, and 1974 chairman of the
Young Leadership Cabinet.
Irving Bernstein, executive
vice chairman of the United
Jewish Appeal, associate mem-
ber of the board of governors
of the Jewish Agency in Israel,
a member of the International
Fund-Raising Committee of that
agency, and a member of Bran-
deis University's board of ad-
IRVING BERNSTEIN
visors for the Hornstein Pro-
gram will also speak.
Also participating will be Fred
Sichel, a member of the UJA
national campaign cabinet, pres-
ident of the Jewish Federation
of Central New Jersey, delegate
to the Jewish Agency Assembly,
and national board member of
the Council of Jewish Federa-
tions and Welfare Funds, and
Mrs. Eve Weiss, director of the
He'll Urge
Ford To
Provide Aid
TEL AVIV (JTA) Sen.
James L. Buckley said on his
arrival here that he would urge
President Ford to provide Israel
with greater than average mili-
tary assistance and expressed
concern over the Ford Adminis-
tration's current reassessment
of American Middle East policy.
"This is no time to re-evaluate
our policy towards Israelit is
a time to reaffirm it," the New
York Republican Conservative
said.
BUCKLEY declined to com-
ment on the latest developments
which included a reported Ford
ultimatum to Israel to soften its
position on an interim agree-
ment with Egypt.
The Senator met with Pre-
mier Yitzhak Rabin, Defense
Minister Shimon Peres and
other government officials dur-
ing his stay in Israel.
Buckley said he was concern-
ed over Portugal's refusal to
allow U.S. transports to use
Azores airfields for an arms
airlift to Israel in the event of
another Middle East war.
FOR THAT reason, he said.
Ford should consider the need
to provide Israel with--larger
than average stores of military
equipment, spare parts, combat
consumables, up-to-date air-
craft, surface-to-surface mis-
siles and related materials
needed to meet the military
threat to Israel's survival.
Buckley said this war mate-
riel should be stored in several
parts of the world, including
the Middle East.
DR. ALLEN POLLACK
Women's Division of UJA,
which she has headed for the
past five years, and a partici-
pant in this year's Jewish Agen-
cy Assembly.
Reservations should be made
through the South Broward
Federation. The cost is $82 per
person; children under 13 will
be charged an additional S12
per day. and over 13, $16 per
day.
Activities for children will be
coordinated by Ruth Spitzer.
Who Decided
To Bring Back
Stemist Remains?
Herbert Katz, president of
the Jewish Federation of South
Broward, has announced the
formation of a "Community
Mission" to Israel which he has
described as "innovative and
customized."
Leaving New York Sunday.
Oct. 26, the 10-day tour will
encompass "a comprehensive
and up-to-the-minute exposure
to today's reality," Mr. Katz
said.
"The mission will be briefed
by leading officials of the Jew-
ish Agency and the government,
and there will be planned pro-
grams most evenings. All hotels
will be deluxe."
The preliminary itinerary, ac-
cording to Mr. Katz, which may
be changed as conditions in Is-
rael change, includes:
A visit to Beit Kay, Con-
valescent Center for heroes
of the Yom Kippur War.
A visit to an absorption
center
Exploration of well-estab-
lished and struggling com-
munities on the Lebanese
border.
A visit to Safed
Luncheon with front-line
troops
A drive via the Jordan
Valley to Jerusalem
A tour of Jerusalem, includ-
ing Mt. Scopus, Mount of
Olives, Ramat Eshkol. and
the Knesset
JERUSALEM (JTA)
Observers here are attempt-
ing to find out, so far with-
out success, who decided to
hold a state funeral for
Eliahu Hakim and Eliahu
Beit Tzuri, the Sternists
hanged in Egypt 30 years
ago and reburied on Mt.
Herzl with full military
honors. Official sources said
it was not a Cabinet deci-
sion.
Circles close to Foreign
Minister Yigal Allon inti-
mated that he had not been
involved in the decision-
making, although he, along
with Premier Yitzhak Rabin,
were among the thousands
of Israelis who paid their
respects before the two cof-
fins prior to the funeral and
President Ephraim Katzir
sent a wreath.
THE MEN, known in Israel
as "the two Eliahus," were sent
to Cairo in 1944 to assassinate
Lord Moyne, the then British
Resident Minister in the Mid-
dle East who opposed Jewish
immigration into Palestine.
They were caught, sentenced
to death and hanged in 1945
and were buried in the Jewish
cemetery in Cairo. Last week,
Israel released 20 convicted ter-
rorists to Egypt in exchange for
their remains.
The British Ambassador, Sii
Bernard Ledwidge, telephoned
the Foreign Ministry here to
deliver his government's ex-
pression of regret on behalf of
Foreign Secretary James Cal-
laghan over the decision to hold
a state funeral for Moyne's as-
sassins.
THE MESSAGE expressed
"regret that the government of
Israel has seen fit to treat in
this way the bodies of two con-
victed assassins" at a time when
Britain, Israel and other state9
were making efforts to combat
international terrorism.
The message is understood to
have referred to the fact that
the Jewish community in Pales-
tine and the world Jewish lead-
ership had condemned the as-
sassination at the time and
strongly dissociated themselves
from it.
Israel is expected to deliver
a formal reply to Britain
through its Embassy in London.
THE BOARD of Deputies of
British Jews and Lord Roths-
child have also deplored Israel's
decision to give the Sternists a
heroes' burial.
Israeli circles indicated last
week that the decision was a
gesture in the interests of na-
tional unity and an indication
that the bitter controversy that
divided Israelis in the latter
years of the Palestine Mandate
and the early years of State-
hood over the violent tactics of
groups like the Sternists has
now been healed.
HERBERT KATZ
A special program at Yad
Vashem, Memorial to the
martyrs and heroes of the
Holocaust
A visit to an army base and
JDC facilities
Kabbalat Shabbat at the
Western Wall
Services in synagogues
A walking tour of the Old
City, and Havdallah Serv-
ices at the Chief Rabbinate
Mr. Katz will announce addi-
tional details in forthcoming
weeks, as well as name the
chairman of the international
event.
ART BUCHWALD GUEST SPEAKER
Women's Community Day
Scheduled Here On Dec. 4
All local Jewish women's or-
ganizations are expected to par-
ticipate in the Women's Com-
the beach and a nominal charge
will be made to cover lunch
only," said Mrs. Katz.
Chairmen of various sub-
committees will be announced
shortly.
ART BUCHWALD
munity Day which has been
scheduled for Dec. 4, according
to an announcement made this
week by the event's joint chair-
ladies, Joanne Katz and Ina
Linda.
Special guest speaker will be
Art Buchwald, syndicated au-
thor and columnist. Rounding
out the program will be Audrey
Finkelstein who makes an art
of "Volunteerism."
"Mark it on your own calen-
dars NOW. We are expecting an
attendance of 400-500 women,
first come-first served. It will
be held at the Holiday Inn on
UNNECESSARY FEAR
Erosion Of
Support
Eyed Here
NEW YORK (JTA)
The American Jewish com-
munity was urged not to
"overwhelm itself with
fears" of an erosion of
American public support for
Israel.
Albert D. Chernin, newly-
elected executive vice chair-
man of the National Jewish
Community Relations Advis-
ory Council, also disputed
the apprehensions of some
Jewish communal leaders
and groups that anti-Jewish
sentiment was gaining seri-
ous ground in America.
ADDRESSrNG THE Council"*
Continued on Page 2 (

,


Page 2
The Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Hollywood

I
Weizmami Institute Researcher
Studies Antibody 'Captures'
REHOVOTA new approach the Volkswagen Foundation of i to '.capture and ".h'ftUf 'aH ljr#e
to investigating, how antibodies the federal Reonblic of Ger- number of closely related, but
combine with antige'nS'has been many, Dr. Pe'eht and his-co- chemically different substances.
Friday, July 18, i975-
reported by Dr. Israel Pecht, of
the Weizmann Institute's De-
partment of Chemical Immun-
ology.
The action of antibodies is es-
sential to the body for fighting
invading bacteria or viruses and
for neutralizing harmful sub-
stances entering the bodv.
SUPPORTED BY a grant from
workers examined the biologic-
ally active combining sites or
"pockets" in several varieties of
well-defined antibodies.
With the aid of sophisticated
"chemical relaxation" tech-
niques, originally developed by
Professors M. Eigen and L. Da
Maeyer in Gottingen, he meas-
ured the ability of the "pocket"
Hillcrest B'nai B'rith Women
Through its ADL Committee, the B'nai B'rith Women's group
f Hillcrest is urging all Jewish organizations to circulate petitions
nd/or write letters in behalf of the State of Israel.
Characterizing themselves as being "very disturbed by the
pressure that is being used against Israel to surrender to Egypt
her hard-won territory and her security," Rose Sarner, com-
munications chairman, is ejKing that the following communication
*e aMte 'either wtlateraHy or in concert to the President, the
Secretary of State, and to the two Florida Senators:
"We/I urgently request that you, as our ....................,
continue friendly and helpful relations with our ally, the
STATE OF ISRAEL, the ONLY DEMOCRATIC NATION
in the Middle East.
"Please take this petition'letter seriously because
millions of lives are at stake as well as our moral prin-
ciples."
Also participating in the campaign are Rose Ehrlich. ADL
r*fr-nan, and Mary Wolfe, president of Hillcrest B'nai B'rith
Women.
Jeivs Should Not Fear
Erosion of American Support
Continued from Page 1
450 delegates at a session of its
annual plenary instilling him in
office, Chernin argued that "the
greater danger is not in failing
to see new problems threaten-
ing Jewish life, but in failing
to recognize the new status en-
joyed by the American Jewish
community.
"The greater danger is in bas-
ing our behavior and program
on the belief that American
Jevs are struggling to achieve
their goals in a sea of hostility,"
he declared.
Chernin said that polls and
studies since 1947 have shown
"a steady growth of positive
feelings" among Americans to-
ward Israel. He proposed that
American-Israeli relations be in-
terpreted "in long term perspec-
tive rather than in the imme-
difltfl focus of each day's head-
lines, gossip and rumor."
"A LITTLE paranoia is a
realistic perception of Jewish
history and essential to our sur-
vival," Chernin said.
But a "blind attitude" by
American Jews to their "hospit- \
able conditions" could lead to
"postures that elicit the very
antagonisms they seek to pre-
vent. They can become a self-
fulfilling prophecy threatening
our survival," he warned.
Chernin's speech was seen as
reactins: to concerns expressed j
by some Jewish elements that,
the Ford Administration's Mid-;
die East reassessment, the'
thre-it of another Arab oil em-
bargo and the economic po-
litical impacts of newly-rich
Arab states, along with intensi-
fied Arab propaganda are cre-
ating diminished American pub-
lic support for Israel and height-
ening the potentials for anti-
Jewish attitudes.
THE NEW N.ICRAC execu-
tive, who succeeded Isaiah M.
Minkoff. is a 47-year-old inter-
group relations specialist who
had directed the Jewish Com-
munitv Relations Council of
Greater Philadelphia for the
past seven years.
Previously he was a member
of the council staff for 11 years.
Minkoff was honored at a spe-
cial "tribute" dinner marking
his retirement.
He became the chief execu-
tive of NJCRAC at its founding
in 1941 and guided it through
its first 31 years.
BY VARYING his experimen-
tal molecules in a controlled,
step-wise fashion. Dr. Pecht
could deduce significant facts
about the size and chemical na-
ture of the combining site, as
wll as about the conformation-
al changes in the antibody
triggered bv antigen binding.
This approach, termed "kin-
etic mapping," allows scientists
to study structural features of
proteins as they exist In the
body, in solutions rather than
as isolated crystalline products.
In other investigations. Dr.
Pecht has studied a group of
proteins known as oxidases
which mediate energy conver-
sion in the body via electron
transport and are important in
a living organism's oxygen me-
tabolism.
THE TEAM was able to trace
the tortuous path of electrons
through the copner-containing
enzyme ceruloplasmin and the
researchers identified sites on
the protein where the electrons
momentarily rest.
This finding solved the rid-
dle of how electrons can reach
a copper site in the enzyme
which is tucked away in the in-
terior of the molecule and is
inaccessible to straightforward
chemical attack.
Proper levels of ceruloplas-
min in blood serum is essential
to health; insufficient produc-
tion of the protein has been as-
sociated with the fatal metabolic
disorder known as Wilson's
Disease.
Kaye Attends
Conference
Sumner Kaye, assistant execu-
tive director of the Jewish Fed-
eration of South Broward, was
among national leaders attend-
ing the recent annual confer-
ence of the Intermediate Cities'
Executive Directors at Tama-
rack Lodge in Greenfield Park,
N.Y.
Among the issues studied at
the conclave were the wnbte*"*
of developing communities and
overseas needs.
Special guest speakers in-
cluded Irving Bernstein, execu-
tive vice chairman of the Unit-
ed Jewish Appeal, and Philip
Bernstein, executive vice pres-
ident of the Council of Jewish
Federations and Welfare Funds.
Pembroke Pines Temple Plansi*
Holiday Services In City Hall
The Temple in the Pines, still Rabbi Lubin, originally from |
without permanent quarters, has England, has served in Aus-
aiinovne-J that Hih Holy Days dJalia. Canada, and the American
midwest. ^ I
Tickets may be purchased by I
members and non-members by '
calling the temple office. Ten.
pie membership includes two
adult tickets and. in addition*
all religious school students will'
be issued tickets.
The temple's first Memorial
Tablet will be transported to
the auditorium for the Hi?h
Holv Days, and anyone wishing
to purchase a Memorial Plaque
is urged to do so by mid-July
to insure delivery by Yom
Kippur.
At the temple's most recent
board meeting the following
committee chairmen were ap-
pointed by president Les Berg-
er: Justin Weininger, religious;
Mike Gleicher, membership;
Isaac Wachsberg, ways and
means; Steve Shutter, legisla-
tive: Nelson Klein and Lynn
Garfinkle, food; Joe Rosenthal,
house; Sam Pomeranz, school;
Alegra and Bill Rothstein,
adult education; Lynn Berger,
publicity; Hilde and Sam Mar-
cus, health and welfare, and
Sharyn Wachsberger, memorial
plaque.
TRAVELERS
0
Ansel insurance Agency^!
Ansel Wittenstein 88
AH Forms of Insurance
Including
Homeowners Automobile Jewelry
2430 Hollywood Boulevard Hollywood
9239518 9453527
FIREMAN'S
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H7.11-76
H7-18-76
KABBI SIDNEY LUBlN
will be held in Cooper City City
Hall Auditorium with Rabbi
Sidney I. Lubin officiating.
Rabbi Lubin was recently ap-
pointed as the Conservative
congregation's first full-time
spiritual leader. He will move
to Pembroke Pines from Phoe-
nixville. Pa., a suburb of Phil-
adelphia.
We'll Still Support UN
WASHINGTON(JTA)President Ford said that
the United States will continue to be a "determined sup-
porter" of the United Nations but "will firmly resist ef-
forts by any group of countries to exploit the machinery
of the UN for narrow political interests or for parlia-
mentary manipulation."
The President made that statement at the swearing
Continued on Page 3
I
Riverside's
two new chapels in
Hollywood and Sunrise
serve the needs of
the entire
Jewish community in
Broward County.
In the Ho//yuood and Hallandale areas:
5801 Hollywood Boulevard, Hollywood.
920-1010
In (he Fort Lauderdale area:
1171 Northwest 61st Ave.( Sunset Strip),Sunrise
584-6060
RIVERSIDE
Memorial Chapel. Inc., Funeral Directors
Other Riverside chapels in South Florida are located in
Nonh Miami Beach. Miami Beach and Miami.
Rimwde serve* the New York Metropolitan area with chapels m Manhattan,
Brooklyn Bronx. Far Rockauai. and Westchesier

Murray N. Rubin. FD.


! Friday, Ju>y *8- 1975
The Jewish Floridian and Shojar of Hollywood
Page 3
NCJW and Pioneer Women Hit
Mexico City Confab Resolution
i
NEW YORKIt was the beet
time; it was the worst time. It
was a success; it was a failure.
Everyone attending the Inter-
national Women's Year Con-
ference in Mexico City had a
separate point of view and in-
terpretation of what occurred:
what was the perspective of
three American Jewish women
attending?
Ann Robison, International
Affairs leader of the National
Council of Jewish Women, at-
tended the official U.S. gather-
ing called the Conference, as a
delegate from the International
Council of Jewish Women.
'I FOUND little comfort,"
she said, "either as an Ameri-
can or as a Jew. What we anti.
cipated actually happened, that
some repreentatives of UN
members turned the conference
into a political arena. A political
arena which expressed strong
anti-US. and anti-Israel senti-
ments. It disturbed me deeply
to see the original purposes of
the Conference so perverted
with nonsense resolutions link-
ing Zionism and apartheid."
The Tribune, the non-govern-
mental gathering across town
from the conference, was gen-
erally characterized by squab-
bling and chaos.
DENESE MANN, of Hartford,
Conn.. NCJW leader and Trib-
une delegate, said that "there
was enormous polarization be-
tween the American feminists
and the women who demanded
a 'new economic order.'
"Strictly speaking, the issues
of women's rights were lost in
the shuffle. And regardless of
the pious statements from the
developing nations that full
equality for women will come
with economic development,
I'm still concerned with the
problems of Jewish women in
those countries, who suffer on
two counts."
What ultimately is the mes-
sage for Jewish women?
Said Rose Fishkin, another
NCJW Tribune delegate from
Middlesex County, "I see two
things about Jewish women in
this respect. The first is that
where human rights are con-
cerned, Jewish women will
inevitably be leaders. It's part
of the way we have acted tradi-.
tionally and will continue to
act.
"But the other thing, which
really struck me at this gather-
ing, is that Jewish women must
aiso look to their own special
needs, their own special prob-
lems, and their solidarity with
world."
THE THREE women agreed
Jewish women all over the
that for long-range results, only
nitty-gritty work would be suc-
cessful. They pointed to NCJW's
advocacy role in support of the
ERA and Title IX, which prohib-
its sex discrimination in educa-
tion, and commented that the
U.S. Women's Agenda recently
passed by the Women's Action
Alliance would probably have
the most impact in the next few
years.
The 100,000 members of the
NCJW are committed to a broad
program of education, commu-
nity service and citizen action.
Among its current priorities are
Women's Issues, the NCJW Re-
search Institute for Innovation
in Education in Jerusalem.
Also reacting to the confer-
ence's condemnation of Zion-
ism, Charlotte Stein, national
president of Pioneer Women,
called the vote a further at-
tempt by developing countries
to isolate Israel from the world
community.
"I AM surprised not with-
standing past resolutions adopt-
ed by United Nations' commit-
tees," she said.
"Of all the nations repre-
sented, Israel has been a cham-
pion of women's right to work,
day-care centers for their chil-
dren and a leader in legislation
closing the economic and so-
ciological gap between the
sexes which is so prevalent in
many countries today.
"Our sister organization in
Israel, Moetzet Hapoalot (Work-
ing Women's Council), serves
all Israeli womenArab and
I am sorely disappointed that
the women of developing coun-
tries could not transcend the
narrowness of political expedi-
ency."
THE POLITICAL document
entitled the "Declaration of
Mexico" was adopted over the
opposition of the United States
and Israel delegations. The
wide-ranging resolution called
for a change in global econom-
ics, urging the elimination of
colonialism, Zionism and apart-
heid. Pushed through commit-
tee by Third World and Soviet-
bloc countries, observers felt
that the lack of votes against
the resolution by many indus-
trialized countries was due to
their fear of Arab oil-producers
who were among the resolu-
tion's backers.
"I applaud the United States
stand," Mrs. Stein added.
"OUR DELEGATION has
stood up against this outrageous
act and unlike many represen-
tatives has taken a moral and
ethical position."
Pioneer Women works close-
ly with its sister organization in
Israel, Moetzet Hapoalot, and
the 12 other Pioneer Women
organizations around the world,
in maintaining a network of
social service and educational
programs for women, youth
and children of Israel.
On the American scene it
support social action and edu-
cational and youth programs
for the enrichment of Jewish
life.
We'll Support UN
Continued from Page 2
in ceremonies for Daniel P. Moynihan as the new United
States Permanent Representative to the UN.
MOYNIHAN, who succeeds Ambassador John Scali
in the post, said he concurred fully with the President's
remarks.
Ford said that, "We have been determined supnoit-
ers of the UN and we will continue to be so in the fu-
ture. There is no other course consistent with our ad-
vocacy of peace with justice for all humanity."
For People Who Date
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- tJMUl
Barnett Bank
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Tyler Street at 19th Avenue Phone: 925-8200
arnett
lanK
Remove Bias Restrictions
Before U.S. Loans are Granted
WASHINGTON If the gov-
ernment of Syria is serious in
its recent efforts to obtain in-
creased American trade, in-
vestment and tourism, it should
remove the discriminatory re-
strictions currently enforced
on the 4,500 Jews still living in
Syria, a well known expert on
the Middle Bast told the House
Committee on International Re-
lations.
Dr. George E. Gruen, direc-
tor of Middle East Affairs for
the American Jewish Commit-
tee, in testimony before the
Special Subcommittee on Inves-
tigations, stated that despite
token actions to improve the
public image of Syria in the
United States, the Syrian gov-
ernment continues to impose
heavy restrictions on its Jew-
ish community.
SYRIAN JEWS, he said, are
restricted in their right to trav-
el, to attend universities, and
to sell or inherit property. The
word "Musawi" of the faith of
Moses) is stamped prominently
on their vital documents, in-
cluding bank accounts, drivers'
licenses, and even certificates
of membership in the medical
guild, he added.
Dr. Gruen made his state-
ments in connection with an
investigation concerning an Ad-
ministration plan to grant Syria
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"1 believe that the United
States should continue to seek
to improve relations with Syria,
but this must be a two-way
street," Dr. Gruen declared.
"IF THE Syrians wish in-
creased American trade, invest-
ment and tourism, as they say
they do, then it is manifestly in
their own self interest to do
something to convince the
American public that Syria is
a country governed by the rule
of law and not a police state
subject to the arbitrary whim
of the Muhabarat (intelligence
or secret police)."
Dr. Gruen emphasized that
Americans are concerned with
the rights ot Syrian Jews "as
a basic humanitarian issue, and
not as part of the Arab-Israel
displute.
IN DECLARING that "Syria
is the only Arab country that
totally refuses to allow its Jews
to emigrate," he pointed out
that the government's policy
was "inconsistent with Arab
practice, and indeed contradicts
the official Arab propaganda
line, which allegedly draws a
distinction between Israel,
which it opposes for political
reasons, and Jews, which it
respects as members of a
monotheistic faith."
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Page 4
The Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Hollywood
Friday, July 18,19;,
A Worthwhile Warning
Albert Chernin, the newly-elected executive vice
chairman of the National Jewish Community Relations
Advisory Council, issued a timely warning when he
urged the American Jewish community not to "over-
whelm itself with fears'."
Chernin was referring both to a fear of erosion in
American public opinion's support of Israel as well as
a fear of a deteriorating condition for American Jews
themselves.
Chermin was not saying that Utopia has come for
American Jews. "A little paranoia is a realistic percep-
tion of Jewish history and essential to our survival," he
said. But, he warned, a "blind attitude" by American
Jews to their "hospital conditions" could lead to "a self-
fulfilling prophecy threatening our survival."
The new NJCRAC official was obviously referring
to fears expressed since the Yom Kippur War and the
Arab oil boycott of Jewish individuals and organiza-
tions that Jew are in real danger in the United States.
However, the polls that show most Americans sup-
port Israel and that the American people blamed the
oil shortage on the Arabs,
TV Jumps the Gun
There were some reports on the national television
networks last weekend definitely announcing that Is-
rael and Egypt had signed a three-year interim accord
based on unrevealed Israeli plans to withdraw from the
Sinai.
We mention this, not to show that confirmed re-
ports are frequently fictional, but to comment on the
temper of the times in America.
We do not doubt that such an agreement may be at
hand. Ambassador Simcha Dinitz's visit with Secretary
of State Henry Kissinger at Kissinger's vacation spot
in the Virgin Islands certainly underscored the amount
of pressure the Ford administration is applying on Israel
to withdraw from the Sinai, and largely on Egyptian
terms.
That the administration placed a special plane at
Dinitz's diposal for his trip to the Virgin Islands also
underscored President Ford's recent statement that "I
will not allow" stagnation in the Middle East toward the
achievement of an Israeli-Arab accord, temporary or
otherwise.
Our Nation's Fears
But all of this bears on America at large, not just
on the American Jewish community.
As we have already noted, the newly-elected execu-
tive vice president of the National Jewish Community
Rlations Advisory Council is on record as having warned
Jews not to be overwhelmed by fears that American
public opinion is swaying against both Israel and
American Jewry.
The point is that there is a GENERAL fear in
America today, not just a Jewish fear, about Arab inten-
tions in the Middle East.
It can not be denied that a good deal of this fear
is based on Arab oil policies.
But also a significant part of this has to do with the
nation's growing concern that a new war in the Middle
East will not find the U.S. involved militarily as it has
been in the past.
Agonizing Need for Peace
In the end, America today is in no mood for new
military adventures. Not even Israel's repeated assur-
ances that in the event of a new war, it would never
come to that, have proven effective.
This is why the network over the weekend were so
quick to report what has yet to occur. It was a mirror
of impatient public sentiment to still their fears.
But, along with Chernin, it is our hopeful view that
this impatience, these fears, do not express themselves
as hostility either toward American Jews or Israel.
They merely show what the TV reports showed
the agonizng American need for peace.
Female Sexhm Brings Equalii
^Jewish Florid fan
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1 ZKF0 *- SHOCHET SUZANNE 8HOCHET 8ELMA M. THOMPSON
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Of The Merchandise Advertised In Its Columns
Published Hi-Weekly bv the Jewish Floridian
cond-Class Postage Paid at Miami. Pla.
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CHAKESPEARE wrote of the
fair sex that "women's eyes
. / They are the books, the
arts,-the* aeademes / That show,
contain, and nourish all the
world."
Ambrose Bierce tempered his
exultation in women's beauty
with a generous amount of male
chauvinism, but nevertheless
celebrated it by rhapsodizing
that "man is but a mind/ .
But woman's body is the wom-
an. 0/ Stay thou, my sweet-
heart, and do never/ Go."
EDWARD COOTE Pinkney
said of woman: "Her every tone
is music's own./Like those of
morning birds, 'And something
more than melody/Dwells even
in her words."
George Pope Morris declared
that "An angel kneels in wom-
an's form."
And who does not know
Solomon's paeans of praise to
his beloved, which have surely
served as a model for every
love-sick soul since the "Song
of Songs" was first uttered?
ALL OF this inspirational
erotica in the hearts and minds
of men has flown freely for
millenia in just about every
conceivable culture.
Women may have been, and
may still be enslaved, as the
modern women's libber would
have it, but there never was a
dearth of male sentiment some-
where on this dreary globe to
argue that the female is the
gentler sex.
She is, after all, the bearer
of the race. Her role is to nur-
ture life and to inspire love
not only physical, but spiritual,
as well.
WHO HAS not, at one time
or another, wondered what
things would be like if women
were in the highest places, not
men if women occupied the
seats of governmental and
Mindlin
economic power, not their stal-
lion-like mates?
Aggression would disappear.
Since women give life, they
would never be inclined to take
it. The Isaiah vision would be
fulfilled there would be war
no more.
Of course, when I ask who
has not, at one time or another,
wondered about this, I expose
myself to the wrath of, say, the
Germaine Greers and Kate
Milletts of the liberation move-
ment.
THEY WOULD argue that
such speculations are sexist,
male manufactured romantic
notions ostensibly designed to
enshrine womento put them
up on a pedestal and worship
their beauty, to protect them
from a cruel and hostile world,
to shield the life-giver from the
heartless life-taker.
But, the Greers and the Mil-
letts would argue, man's real
purpose in thinking this way is
otherwise.
It is in fact a disguise to en-
slave women, to exploit them as
housekeepers, servants, nurses,
scullery maids and, mainly, as
unpaid prostitutes.
AND, for all of their alleged
romanticism, there has never
been a dearth of men on this
side of the fence, either, and
well before women's liberation
ever got off the ground offi-
cially in our time.
At. ? ^?,mbridge commen
ment in 1714, Laurence Eutd
declared: "A woman's tv
grave sirs, is never done."
But today's women's libh
shonng up the Greer-Mil3
artillery, could also quote f f
Aaron Hill on women: "Use
kindly, they rebel;' But
rough as nutmeg-graters.' /
the rogues obey you vieW 1
Or from that chronic id
content, Jonathan Swift itl
growled: "She (woman) W
her clothes as if they w<3
thrown on with a pitchforl
and "She (woman) watches h
(man) as a cat would a moust
ALL OF which is by way
making comment on what m.
haps requires little comment!
all, since the two items I hal
in mind speak for themselva
or just about.
It would seem that Indir]
Gandhi as Prime Minister i
India should have been the
fillment of any male romantTii
dream: a woman in the seat
power over one of the large)
and potentially powerful natia
in the world.
But it was Mme. Gandhi whl
through a deception, brougl
the atom bomb to India la
year, when it is food and mei
cine and education she ougl
to bring there.
AND NOW it is Gandhi wbl
has imprisoned all of her o
ponents by crushing Jayapn
kash Narayan, the most oi
spoken of them all, and by i
lawing the political party s"
tern and, in fact, India's
of Rights," which guaranty
freedom of speech, press aw
assembly.
Dictator Gandhi has madc(
mockery of the philosophy
"satyagcaha," the principle
hind the practice of the fon
of love rather than the force i
state power, as enunciated
Continued on Page 9
n Mafia Gangster and Poet Auden
Volume 5
Friday, July 18, 1975
Number 15
10 AB 5735
By MAX LERNER
Los Angeles Times Syndicate
NEW YORKWhy should the
news about John Rosselli bring
to my mind a poem by W. H.
Auden? John Rosselli is, of
course, the Mafia gangster, now
a grandfatherly figure, who ap-
peared before the Senate com-
mittee on the CIA with such
secrecy that the papers were
not sure the pictures they ran
were really of him.
Along with the late unlament-
ed Sam Giancana, he seems to
have worked on the Castro as-
sassination plot in the early
1960s, in a plan to poison Cas-
tro and his top two men, and
thus topple the regime.
FOR SOME reason it sent me
back to Auden's poem, called
"September 1, 1939," which
opens thus: "I sit in one of the
dives/ On 52nd Street/ As
the clever hopes expire/ Of a
low dishonest decade."
That is how Auden felt about
the '30s, which had inspired
his generation with such fire
and hope, and which expired
with a second world war. Simi-
lar lines could have been writ-
ten about the '60s, and doubt-
less will be written about the
70s as well.
What makes the lines espe-
cially poignant now is that the
shadow of Rosselli and Gian-
cana, and of the CIA operations
now being sifted, falls over the
Kennedy years in the early '60s
when so many points of light
seemed to be flashing over the
nation.
FOR ANYONE who wants to
review the events of those dec-
ades William Manchester's
massive 1,300-page book, "The
Glory and the Dream" (Little,
Brown) is a good starting point.
I have kept coming back to
it since its publication. There
are things to be said against it,
and the reviewers have said
themits prolix length, its
mountains of detail, its failure
often to discriminate between
the trivial and crucial, its lack
of any basic interpretive theme.
Every couple of generations
someone puts together an "Our
Times" chronicle.
ANYONE WHO has tried to
do any teaching which involves
some knowledge of what hap-
pened in America in the '30s,
'40s and '50s, even the '60s,
knows how innocent the stu-
dents are of it.
Their knowledge starts some-
where in the middle or late
'60s. If there were a paperback
version of the Manchester book
I would make it mandatory for
every high school and college
studentand for their teachers
as well.
Then we could start equally
from the same point, and fight
about our interpretations.
.MANCHESTER begins with
the Bonus Army, encamped in
Washington in 1932, and ends
with Nixon victorious in 1972,
facing the Watergate scandal.
It is scarcely a 40-year period
to give a title like "The Glory
and the Dream" to it. One could
call it equally "The Glory and
the Nightmare."
I say this because every gen-
eration has some one decade
which was crucial for it, and
which conditioned its outlook.
But what conditions us is not
only our hopes and dreams but
also our frustrations and disil-
lusionments.
In these crucial decades
something in each of us comes
to birth, and then we die a
little in each disillusionment.
For Auden and for C. Dtj
Lewis and Stephen SpendexJ
Spain was both hope and griej
and Munich was death.
ONE WAY of naming the de!
ades is. I suppose, by the VrtiM
dent who dominated them. Tha
we have had the Roosevd
years, the Truman years, tb
Eisenhower years, the Kenned
and Johnson years, the NfaB
years.
The '30s were the decade i
confidence, which curiously bj
gan with the Great Depressio
and ended with Pearl Harbor.
THE '40S were years of w
in which the nation found sora
unity, but they were followe
by a bad peace and the stai
of a strident cold war. The '50
were dominated by the shado*
of nuclear weapons and the stir-
rings of the Third World.
Yet compared with what fol-
lowed, they, too, seem now JDJ
age of unconscious illusions,^
The '60s started with the pljt|
of promise, moved on to a tan
of social revolutions a* *
mired down in the swamp of a
endless war. A
The '70s began badly, *'""
Watergate and the oil cartel,
and seem dominated now W
the large questions of dism*
gration and survival.
BACK IN 1939, Auden was*
somber as we are today. '
fenceless, under the Wj
Our world in stupor W*
Yet he also saw some "iron
points of light" flashing
from "the JusU"
He ends: "May I, composej
like them/ Of Eros and
dust/ Beleaguered by the same
Negation and despair/ Show
affirming flame."
They are lines that may sour
too upbeat for our decade,
I like them.
but


Lav, July 18>1975
The Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Hollywood
Page 5
Soviet's 30% Tax on Foreign Money to Hurt Jews
MOSCOW The Soviet gov-
ernment's new 30 per cent tax
on all money Soviet citizens re-
ceive from abroad is expected
to impose a hardship op.Jewish
activists, according to the Na"-
tional Conference on Soviet
But the Conference did not
know how bad a hardship since
I it is not known if the tax will
be in addition to or instead of
the existing 30 per cent bank
handling charge Soviet citizens
now pay on money received
from abroad. A Conference
spokesman said it is also not
known if the tax will include
ruble certificates which can be
sent to Soviet citizens to buy
goods in stores and which pur-
chase three times as much as
money does.
Many Jews who have lost jobs
after applying for emigration
visas are dependent on funds
from abroad.
& -ft
Urge Argentine Act Against
Nazi
BUENOS AIRES Interior
Minister Alberto Rocamora has
been asked by the Association
of Jewish Survivors of Nazi Per-
secution to take action against
the Nazi war criminal, Walter
Kutschmann, who has been liv-
ing in Argentina since 1947 un-
der the alias of Pedro Ricardo
Olmos.
Kutschmann was questioned
by the federal police for six
hours after Nazi-hunter Simon
Wiesenthal said he was the SS
officer responsible for the exe-
cution of 20 Polish Jewish uni-
versity professors and their
[families in Lwow on July 4,
1941.
Wiesenthal, who heads the
Nazi war crimes documentation
center in Vienna, said he was
asking this public prosecutor in
West Germany to seek to extra-
dite Kutschmann. He said the
full dossier on Kutschmann
would be handed over to Ar-
gentine authorities.
C? ir
Cutback for Jewish Poor
NEW YORKA recommenda-
tion to cut $261,250 in programs
for the city's poor Jewish and
other white ethnic groups has
been criticized by Jerome Beck-
er, president of the Metropoli-
tan New York Coordinating
Council on Jewish Poverty.
He said the recommendation
by city Human Resources Ad-
ministrator Commission James
R. Dumspon would cut 5 per
cent out oi the current $475,000
now being allocated by the HRA
for the city's 400,000 Jewish
poor.
Becker also said a suit would
be brought against the New
York City Council Against
Poverty (CAP), which dis-
tributes federal and state funds
for poverty areas, "systematic-
ally" excluding the Jewish poor
by establishing certain criteria
which are unfair to the mainly
elderly Jewish poor.
b -Cr &
Last Day at UN
UNITED NATIONS Israeli
Ambassador Yosef Tokoah, who
is leaving the UN to take up his
I new duties as president of the
Ben Gurion University in Beer-
sheba, spent his last day here
by meeting with Undersecretary
Robert Gruyer to discuss the
PLANNING VISIT
TO RUSSIA?
Anyone planning to go to
the USSR will bo interested
to hear of a wonderful op-
portunity for a 15-day tour
at a cost of $899 per per-
son, double occupancy, plus
}s Per cent tips and taxes
from New York City.
Call the Federation of-
fice at 921-8810 if you wish
"lore information. The-dfUes
are Aug. 19-Sept. 2.
problems of Soviet and Syrian
Jewry.
The new ambassador. Gen.
Haim Hei-zog, will take up his
post sometime in August. In the
interim, the Israeli Ambassador
will be Pinhas Eliav who is the
new deputv head of the Israeli
Mission in New York.
-:?
a
&
Scotland Yard Searching
LONDONScotland Yard is
searching for a "Carlos Mar-
tinez" suspected of being an
Arab terrorist operating in Lon-
don and Paris. However, police
here believe he may have fled
the country-
Police found a cache of arms
and explosives and a book con-
taining the addresses of promi-
nent British personalities in a
flat in the West London district
in which many Arabs and other
foreign nationals live.
The address book contained
the names of several members
of the Sieff family; the Jewish
impressario Sir Bernard Del-
font; the opposition deputy lead-
er Sir Keith Joseph; Yehudi
Menuhin, violinist; playwright,
John Osborne, and his wife,
among others.
French oolice have also been
examining the findings as part
of their hunt for an escaped
terrorist involved in a Paris
shoot-out in which two counter-
espionage agents and their
prisoner, a Lebanese known as
Michel Moukarbel, possibly the
founder of an Arab terrorist or-
ganization, were killed.
tfr & &
Histadrut Conference in Israel
NEW YORK With Golda
Meir serving as patron, the Is-
rael Histadrut Foundation is
planning to bring hundreds of
Americans and Canadians to Is-
rael in November to attend a
three-day Histadrut Solidarity
Conference, according to Wil-
liam H. Sylk, conference chair-
man.
Featured on the conference
program, in addition to Mrs.
Meir, who will address the
opening session at the Tel Aviv
Hilton, are Prime Minister Yitz-
hak Rabin, Minister of Defense
Shimon Peres, and Histadrut
Secretary-General Yeruham Me-
shel.
Dr. Sol Stein, noted econo-
mist and Labor Zionist leader,
who established the Foundation
15 years ago and is its current
president, stressed that in
"times like these, it is impera-
tive that grass-roots American
Jews assist in strengthening the
economy of Israel and its social
structure.
"The Israel Histradrut Foun-
dation does this by enabling
even modest-income individuals
to make substantial gifts
through the Histadrut Annuity
Trusts, which give the donor 9.5
per cent annually tor life."
The Israel Histadrut Founda-
tion, a .component of the Na-
tional Committee for Labor Is-
rael, has raised nearly $40 mil-
lion for long-range health, edu-
cational and social welfare pro-
grams of Histadrut in Israel.
ft ft ft
Soviets Harm Israel's Interests
TEL AVIV Gen. Benjamin
Telem, Commander of Israel's
Amphibian Forces, told news-
men at a press conference here
that Israel's sea defenses have
been substantially strengthened
finoo the Yom Kippur War and
that they are ready for any con-
ADVERTISING SALESMAN
DAM BR0WARD
Telephone, Personal Contact,
and/or Both.
Sond-roavme to S.T.,
Box 012973, Miami 33101
ALL REPLIES HELD IN
STRICT CONHQB4CE
tingency including a blockade
of Bab-el-Mandab.
Gen. Telem also declared
that in the struggle against ter-
rorists access from the sea is
even more difficult than in the
past, but that it is a virtual im-
possibility to seal it off alto-
gether.
In commenting on the aid giv-
en to the Arabs by the Soviets,
Telem said that a Soviet spy
ship is operating near the ter-
ritorial waters of Israel and
causing much harm to Israel's
security.
According to Telem, the spy
ship is monitoring and inter-
cepting every radio transmis-
sion and every telephone call
both within Israel and between
Israel and other countries.
ft ft ft
Dr. Kissinger in Quandary
WASHINGTON During one
of the working meetings be-
tween President Ford and Pre-
mier Yitzhak Rabin, the prob-
lem of the Golan Heights arose.
Congressman Wayne Heiss, who
was participating in this ses-
sion, expressed the view that
"If I were an Israeli, I would
charge any Premier with crimi-
nal neglect who agreed to a
withdrawal from the Golan
Heights."
At this point. President Ford
remarked that no one expects
Israel to withdraw from the
Golan Heights. Both President
Ford and Rabin looked in Dr.
Kissinger's direction waiting for
his reaction, but the Secre-
tary of State found himself in
a bind and remained silent.
According to reliable inform-
ants, the White House was in-
terested in keeping this inci-
dent quiet, but was not success-
ful.
Ex-Nazi War Criminal
Noiv Living in Argentina
VIENNA(JT A)A former
SS officer now living in Argen-
tina was responsible for the
execution of 20 Polish univer-
sity professors in Poland dur-
ing World War II, Nazi-hunter
Simon Wiesenthal said here.
Wiesenthal. director of the
Jewish Documentation Center,
said former SS officer Walter
Kutschmann, 61, is now living
in Buenos Aires as an Argen-
tine citizen under the name of
Pedro Ricardo Olmo.
HE IS a leading executive of
Osram Argentina, a subsidiary
of the West German Osram
Electrical Company.
Kutschmann was responsible
for the execution of 20 Polish
univerity professors and 18 of
their relatives on July 4, 1941,
in the former Polish, now So-
viet, town of Lwow (Lemburg).
This war crime had been at-
tributed to former West Ger-
man Minister Theodor Ober-
laender, Wiesenthal said.
Oberlaender, minister for dis-
placed persons under Chancel-
lor Konrad Adenauer from 1953
to 1960, was sentenced to life
imprisonment in absentia by
an East German court in 1960.
He is now living in Bonn.
"OBERLAENDER was a first
lieutenant in the German wehr-
macht, but the crime was com-
mitted by the SS," Wiesenthal
said. "The Wehrmacht had no
part in it and Oberlaender is
fully rehabilitated," he added.
Wiesenthal, who tracked down
Adolf Eichmann, said his repre-
sentative in Buenos Aires sub-
mitted to the police photographs
and fingerprints proving
Kutschmann's identity.
He said the state prosecutor
in West Berlin turned down his
request to demand Kutsch-
mann's extradition, "because
there is no chance to get him
extradited."
WIESENTHAL said the trial
against Oberlaender was organ-
ized by the East Germans at the
height of the cold war to dis-;
credit the anti-communist West,
German government of Ade-
nauer.
"We hope Kutschmann will be
arrested by the Argentine po-
lice," Wiesenthal said.
Hebrew University Honored
JERUSALEM Hebrew Uni-
versity President Avraham Har-
man will receive an honorary
degree from Pepperdine Uni-
versit yin California as a ges-
ture of tribute to the Hebrew
University of Jerusalem on the
occasion of its 50th anniver-
sary.
Harman was informed of this
honor by Dr. Donald R. Sime,
vice president of Pepperdine
University, and Prof. Harold
Shire of the same university,
who called on him this week to
convey the congratulations of
their university to the Hebrew
University's Jubilee.
The announcement of the
conferment of the degree on
Harman was made by Dr. Wil-
liam Banowsky, president of
Pepperdine University.
ft Israeli Diplomat on Tonr
NEW YORKThe JWB Lec-
ture Bureau will bring Walter
Eytan, Israeli diplomat and
former Ambassador to France,
to the United States for a series
of lectures during the month of
November.
He will be available to lecture
in local communities on topics
dealing with prospects of peace
in the Middle East, Israel-Arab
relations, and Israel and the
Soviet Union.
Eytan. the first director-gen-
eral of the Ministry for Foreign
Affairs under Moshe Sharett
and later under Golda Meir, was
the head of the Israeli delega-
tion which negotiated the first
armistice agreement with Egypt
at Rhodes.
From 1960 to 1970, he served
as Israel's Ambassador to
France during the DeGaulle and
Pompidou regimes, and he is
currently the chairman of the
Israel Broadcasting Authority.
ONE-MAN SHOW
English or Yiddish
"THE LIFE AND TIMES
OF PAUL MUNI"
(Muni Weisenfreond)
Condos, Organizations, etc.
YUSKATOF- 1-421-2196
or write him
c/o Box 012973, Miami 33101
THE PLANTATION JEWISH CONGREGATION
IS ACCEPTING TEACHER APPLICATIONS
FOR THE HEBREW SCHOOL PROGRAM.
Please send resumes to:
DR. HELEN ACKERMAN
5921 Almond Terrace
Plantation, Fla. 33317


Page 6
The Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Hollywood
Friday, July 18, 1975

Mandel Says Reds Sensitive About Exits
By DAVID FRIEDMAN
NEW YORK (JTA) Gov.
Marvin Mandel of Maryland,
who was one of eight governors
who visited the Soviet Union in-
May, said that it must be im-
pressed upon the Soviet govern-
ment that the issue of Jewish
emigration is a human not a
political problem and that the
American people support the
right of Soviet Jews to leave
the USSR.
He said that President Ford
and Secretary of State Henry
A. Kissinger should make the
Soviet leaders aware that all
the people of this country are
concerned about the problem.
SPEAKING at a press con-
ference sponsored by the Na-
tional Conference on Soviet
Jewry at the offices of the
American Jewish Congress,
Mandel said that the governors,
wfio were on an official State
Department-sponsored exchange
visit met with Soviet President
Nikolai V. Podgomy and other
Soviet officials and were treated
with extreme courtesy except
when the emigration issue was
raised.
He noted that the Soviets ap-
peared to be much more sensi-
tive on this than they were
when he visited the USSR three
years ago.
The Russians said that there
was no problem and that the
issue was being raised by out-
Fuel Price Control Proviso
Should be Implemented
The Administration's energy
program, including recent in-
crease in the excise taxes on im-
ported petroleum and proposed
decontrol of domestic crude oil
prices, could cost 40,000 air-
line jobs, ground 400 airplanes
and curtail service to many
communities, an official of the
Air Transport Association of
America said this week.
Layoffs of 40,000 airline em-
ployees would mean that one
out of every seven men and
women in the industry would
lose their jobs.
"GROUNDING 400 airliners
would take out of service one
out of every five airline air-
craft," ha saia.
"The Administration's fuel
program, unless its impact is
alleviated, is likely to add an-
other $1.08 billion to the air-
lines' annual fuel bin. That fuel
bill has already soared too
drastically. The airlines fuel
costs in 1974 were $1 billion
over what they were in 1973,
despite airline conservation
measures that enabled the car-
riers to consume a billion gal-
lons less fuel in 1974 than in
the year before.
"Even before announcement
of the Administration's plans
for decontrol of oil prices, air-
line fuel costs continued to rise
in 1975by about $2 million a
day over what they were in
1974."
The official, who declined to
be quoted by name, noted that
"jet fuel, which cost 12 cents
a gallon in mid-1973, has more
than doubled in domestic op-
erations and has tripled in in-
ternational operations.
"IT WOULD rise to 44 cents
a gallon under the Administra-
tion's proposed program, and
this does not take into account
further increases in imported
crude oil costs now threatened
by the Organization of Petro-
leum Exporting Countries.
"Congress is now considering
new legislation on energy
policy. The House Interstate
and Foreign Commerce Com-
mittee has recommended pas-
sage of H.R. 7014, with an
amendment by Rep. Eckhardt
implementing price control pro-
visions of existing law. The
Committee's bill takes a gradual
approach to changing price
levels on domestic crude, there-
by establishing more reason-
able prices for domestic crude
than under the Administration's
program. The bill proposed by
the Committee should be en-
acted."
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side forces. Mandel said.
HE SAID they also declared
it was an internal issue. Man-
del reported that the governors
in turn tried to point out that
this was not a political prob-
lem, but one of human beings
who wished to join their fami-
lies.
The Maryland governor said
that in every hotel lobby there
were leaflets and brochures at-
tacking the emigration issue.
He said one had a report
from a Pravda correspondent in
New York who claimed to have
visited Russian immigrants in
the Brighton Beach section of
New York who were unhappy
with their life in the United
States.
MANDEL stressed that the
emigration issue is a major
problem for the Soviets. "They
have a great problem explain-
ing to the people of the country
why anyone wants to leave
when they spend 365 days a
year telling how good it is," he
said.
He added that the Russians
also f;ar that if Jews are al-
lowed to leave, Ukrainians and
other national groups will seek
exit visas.
Mandel said he talked with
a woman who has been refused
an exist visa for herself and
her two small children even
though her husband is now a
Caution Urged
In Ties to U.S.
TEL AVIV(JTA)Mapam leaders are urging the
government to proceed very cautiously in its relations
with the United States. Their attitude is that security is
dependent on more than topography.
Mapam's political secretary, Naftali Feder, warned
that Israel must be very careful not to be maneuvered
into an open confrontation with the U.S. because an
understanding with the U.S.which means a continuing
arms supply, economic aid and political support is
more important to Israel than topography.
That view is apparently shared by Mapam Cabinet
ministers and by the faction's members in the Knesset
foreign affairs and defense committee.
Feder said various signs indicated it was possible
that Israel could retain a foothold on the eastern ap-
proaches to the strategic Sinai passes and therefore
every effort should be made to continue negotiations
with the Americans. Meir Talmi, Mapam secretary gen-
eral, said here last week that the negotiations should
be concluded in a positive way.
violist with the Baltimore
Symphony Orchestra.
He said he also met with ac-
tivists such as Valery Rubin,
Vladimir Slepak and Alexander
Lerner.
THEY FEEL that the Jack-
son-Vanik Adrnendment has
"helped thttif because the harass-
ment no longer takes a violent
form since the Russians know
the world is watching, Mandel
said.
He said he was told that about
15 percent of Soviet Jews would
emigrate if they could. This
would be about 450,000 persons.
Mandel said the Soviet Jews
told him the best form of pres-
sure on the USSR would be for
educators and scientists to
speak out, both in the United
States and especially when they
are in the Soviet Union.
STANLEY H. LOWELL, chair-
man of the NCSJ, who intro-
duced Mandel, said while the
governors in their May visit
and a group of U.S. Senators
who are in the USSR now, have
expressed concern about the
plight of Soviet Jews, "regret-
tably, the President and Secre-
tary of State appeared to have
placed the issue of freedom for
Soviet Jews on the "back burn-
er'."
He said this has been inter-
preted by the USSR "to in-
tensify the repression of Soviet
Jewry."
Lowell called upon Ford "to
use the weight and prestige of
his office in behalf of Soviet
Jewish Prisoners of Conscience,
so that they may be allowed to
emigrate, and further that in
the best American tradition he
call on the leaders of the So-
viet government to put an end
to all discrimination and re-
pression of Soviet Jews."
He also urged Congress "to
undertake a legislative inquiry
of Soviet violation of human
rights."
Israel Histadrut Foundation
Proudly Announces
HISTADRUT SOLIDARITY CONFERENCE
IN ISRAEL
November 10-13, 1975
TEL AVIV HILTON
Under the High Patronage of the Honorable GOLD A MEIR
With the participation of:
Former Prime Minister GOLDA MEJR
Prime Minister ITZHAK RABIN
YERUHAM MESHEL. Secretary General of Histadrut
... And other prominent Israeli and American personalities
CONFERENCE HIGHLIGHTS:
Festive Opening and Closing Dinners
Salute to Israel's Defense Forces
Reception by Secretary General of
Histadrut
Special Breakfast and Luncheon
Sessions
Tour of Army Camp and Histadrut
Housing Projects for Returning Israeli
Veterans
Israeli Folklore, Entertainment
NOVEMBER 13-19, 1975
6-DAY OPTIONAL EXTENSIONS at either one of the following-
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CAU MIAMI REACH OfFICC 53M7W $0. RR0WARD W7-1454


riday, July 18. 1975
The Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Hollywood
Page 7-
"1


NOV. 10-13 IN TEL AVIV
? Ask Abe ?
by ABE HALPERN
Histadrut's Extraordinary-
Solidarity Conference Set
1
.
*3
QUESTION: What does Hav-
dalah mean?
ROSE GOLDBERG
Hallandale, Fla.
ANSWER: Havdalah is a He-
brew word meaning distinction
or Separation (Havdalot pi.). It
reiers to the "blessing recited
at the termination of Sabbaths
and Festivals, in order to em-
phasize the distinction between
the sacred and the ordinary,
with regard to the Sabbath or
(Festival) that is departing,
and the ordinary weekday. Hav-
dalah is one of the most ancient
blessings: according to the Tal-
mud 'the men of the Great
Synagogue instituted blessings
and prayers, sancttfications and
Havdalot for Israel' (Ber. 33a)."
(Encyclopaedia Judaica vol. 7,
p. 1481)
The text of the blessing cere-
mony consists of the following:
First there is an introductory
recitation of a paragraph, the
beginning of which is "Behold,
God is my salvation; I will
trust, and I will not be afraid;
. (Isaiah 12:2, 3.).
This is followed by four
blessings. The first blessing is
over a cup of wine. This bless-
ing is made in honor of the
holiness of the day.
The cup of wine is allowed
.to overflow in order to symbol-
ize the abundance of divine
blessing to which Israel looks
forward during the coming
week.
It is also customary to dip a
finger in the wine and to pass
it before the eyes as an expres-
sion of love for the divine com-
mandments. It probably refers
to "The commandment of the
Lord is pure, enlightening the
eyes." (Psalms 19:9)
The second blessing is made
over a box containing spices.
The spices are smelled and
passed around to the others
present. The purpose of this
blessing is to symbolize the
fragrance of the departing of
the Sabbath, and that its fra-
grance should linger longer aft-
er the Sabbath is over.
should linger longer after the
Sabbath is over.
Throughout the centuries, art-
ists and craftsmen created spice
boxes in various sizes shapes
and forms. Many of them in the
form of a tower were covered
with delicate filigree work,
studded with semi precious
stones and were also adorned
with enamel plaques depicting
scenes from the bible.
"Spice boxes were also made
in many other forms, such as
animals, fish, birds, flowers and
fruit, and even windmills." (En-
cyclopaedia Judaica Vol. 7, p.
1482, 1489)
Following World War II in the
United States as well as in Is-
rael eminent artists have de-
signed and executed spice boxes
in a contemporary manner.
The third blessing of this
service is made over a candle.
The Havdalah candle must be
made with at least two wicks.
Lsually it is made with several
intertwined thin candles so that
several wicks burn at the same
time.
Tne blessing uses the phrase
Borey Meore Ha-Esh." Bless-
ed be the Creator of Lights of
"re. The Rabbis stated that
since this blessing is in the
plural form for lights, therefore
at least two wicks should burn.
The blessing over the light
s to mind the fact that light
was brought into existence at
me beginning of the week.
aome sources attribute the
messing over the lights to the
'ouowing interpretation. Fire
..................~____.1
was left uncreated when the
Sabbath set in. But after the
close of the Sabbath, God en-
dowed man with wisdom to
make fire. "Man then took two
stones, and by rubbing them to-
gether produced fire ." (Trac-
tate Pesachim 54a)
Another interpretation for
this blessing is found in the
Jewish Catalog p. 113.
"The light of the candle is
the symbol of the divine in
man. The Ix>rd is our Light and
our Redeemer. Light brings the
Shabbat to us and it ushers out
the rest and peace of Shabbat.
"Fire is the symbol of civili-
zation, of man's conquest of the
natural forces. Making a fire is
our first act of creation after
Shabbat. The Midrash states
that fire was created on the first
Saturday night. Fire is a neutral
element; it can be used for con-
structive or destructive pur-
poses. Man has the power to
make fire and to use it as he
sees fit. Therefore, fire also
symbolizes the coming week:
the week i< in our hands to do
with as we wish."
The fourth and final blessing
is to "Our God King of the uni-
verse who maketh a distinction
between holy and profane, be-
tween light and darkness .
There are several other dis-
tinctions and many variations
for this last blessing.
Following the Havdalah serv-
ice it is customary to chant
special hvmns, the best known
being the Song of Elijah the I
ProDhet.
It is interesting to note that
the Sabbath is ushered in with j
the lighting of the candles about
a half hour before the first
stars appear, whereas the Hav-
dalah service begins approx-
imately a half hour after the |
first stars appear.
This indicates the fact that
we are ;ger to usher in and
welcome the Sabbath, whereas
we are reluctant to part with it.
Editor'.* note:
Please send your questions to
?? ASK ABE??
c/o Jewish Federation of
South Broward
2838 Hollywood Blvd.
Hollywood, Florida 33020
An extraordinary Histadrut
Solidarity Conference in Israel,
under the High Patronage of
the Hon. Golda Meir, will be
held by the Israel Histadrut
Foundation Nov. 10-13 at the
Tel Aviv Hilton, according to
an announcement made by Dr.
Sol Stein, national president of
the Histadrut Foundation.
Moe Levin, national vice
president and chairman of the
Florida Advisory Board of the
Foundation, is the chairman of
the Florida Committee of the
Histadrut Solidarity Conference
in Israel.
More than 1.000 Americans
and Canadians are expected to
attend this conclave. To qualify
as delegates, each person must
subscribe a minimum of $2,500
to the 9.5 per cent Histadrut
Annuity Trust, which will help
provide homer, for Israeli Vet-
erans and young couples
through the IL 100,000,000 Mort-
gage Fund which the Histadrut
is seeking to raise.
"Thus, the Histadrut Solidar-
ity Conference will be a his-
toric event," stated Dr. Stein
in making his announcement,
"bringing not only prayers and
good wishes, but a tangible ex-
pression of our solidarity in
the form of a substantial con-
tribution that will alleviate the
MOE LEVIN
housing problems of the young
Israelis."
Besides Mrs. Meir, the con-
ference will be addressed by
his Excellency Itzhak Rabin,
Prime Minister of Israel; Yeru-
ham Meshel, Secretary General
of Histadrut, who will host the
conference; the Hon. Shimon
Peres, Defense Minister; as
well as other prominent Israeli
and American personalities.
Conference highlights will in-
clude:
Festive Opening and Clos-
ing Dinners.
Salute to Israel's Defense
Forces.
Reception by the Secre-
tary General of Histadrut.
Special Breakfast and
Luncheon Sessions.
Tour of Army Camp and
Housing Projects for Returning
Israeli Veterans.
Israeli Folklore and Enter-
tainment.
Mr. Levin has pointed out
that due to the incredibly low
rates offered to delegates and
spouses, and because of the ex-
cellent program arranged, as
well as the many pre and post
conference travel options avail-
able, a great deal of interest
has been aroused in the com-
munity.
"Since we have been allotted
a quota of only 250 delegates
for the Greater Miami area,
reservations will be on a first
come, first serve basis," Mr.
Levin stated.
Details and rates are avail-
able ut on request by calling the
Histadrut Foundation Offices,
420 Lincoln Road, Suite 389.
INTRODUCTIONS for Companionship
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Page.8
The Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Hollywood
Friday, July 18, 1975
m
\

Jj*

\*
^bbxmtnl fla^e
co-ordinated by the
Greater Miami Rabbinical Association
co-editors
Dr. Max A. L'oschitz Kaobj Robert J. Orkand
devoted to discussion of themes and issues relevant to Jewish life past and present
Samuel Ha-Nagid: Rabbi,
Poet, Statesman, General
By RABBI MARVIN ROSE
Beth David South
Could you imagine a Jewish
president of the United States?
Well, maybe.
BAt, could you imagine a
Jewish president of the United
States who would put on Tefillin
and daven each morning, eat
only' kosher food, observe Shab-
bat and the other mitzvot of
Halachic Judaism, write He-
brew poetry and books on He-
brew grammar and even be the
author of an introduction to the
Talma*} in Hebrew?
Now, that's another story!
Would you believe that there
was-such a head of statethat
he lived in Spain almost 1,000
years ago, that his poetry still
survives and that his "Introduc-
tion to the Talmud" is found at
the' beginning of every copy of
the Talmud in use today?
His name was Samuel, the
son.-of Joseph. In Arabic, he
was*caHed Samuel ibn Nagdela.
But' to Jews, he was known as
Samuel' ha-Nagid, Samuel the
Prigce, Vizier (Prime Minister)
of Granada, General of its
armies'and, for a number of
years, for all intent and pur-
poses King of that Arab mon-
archy.
Samuel was an extraordinary
man. but he also lived in extra-
ordinary times.
Spain was ruled by Arab-Mos-
lems called Moors. The Moors,
like-many other Moslems, saw a
great deal of similarity between
their religion and Judaism. Both
believed uncompromisingly in
pure monotheism; both were
concerned not only with a set
of beliefs, but a total way of
life; both had a Written and
Oral Law that explained that
way of life, and both recognized
the importance of scholarship
in secular as well as religious
realms in order to make life
more pleasant and more mean-
ingful.
There was a great deal of
mutual respect between Mos-
lems and Jews. The latter were
not only permitted, but en-
couraged by the Moslems to live
by the Laws of the Torah.
In the middle of the 10th
century the Caliph (Moslem
ruler) appointed a Jew, Hasdai
ibn Shaprut, as his personal
physician. He used his influence
and wealth to found a Yeshiva
a Talmudic Academy in
Spain
The Yeshiva flourished and,
under the guidance of Hasdai
and Rabbi Moses, the Jewish
community of Spain became the
Issues* And Answers..
Our Rabbis' Views
No Vacation From God?
By RABBI DAVID ROSENFELD
I believe that synagogues truly take a vacation from God
durtag the summer months. With the spiritual leaders on well-
deserved vacations, and lay leadership as well, it becomes diffi-
cult to introduce a positive summer program.
However, a synagogue with a day camp program can organize
Jewish summer living for campers. Stimulating discussions, He-
brew songs, opening and closing prayers, can stress the true
beauty of our Torah and permeate the atmosphere with the spirit
of our faith generally, to create a positive Jewish atmosphere in
which Jewish observance is woven into the fabric of Jewish
living. Torah-living can be fun, recreational and enjoyable.
Judaism is not an austere religion, and joy and enthusiasm
can be imbued within the child at this time. The rabbi should
become an integral part of the summer camp program when he
is in the city.
Students in the Hebrew School should also receive remedial
classes to prepare them to enter their regular sessions in Sep-
tember. Here is a grand opportunity for the weaker, less motivated
children to receive special training during the so-called leisure
summer months.
Summer weekend retreats for the laymen have also proven
to be quite successful in various communities. This affords the
lay leadership an opportunity to discuss synagogue problems and
future plans in a relaxed vacation atmosphere instead of around
the Board Room table. A program of study can also be included
during these week-end retreats.
Upon the return of the rabbi from his vacation, he should also
encourage his membership to take advantage of the little extra
time that he has during the summer months for counselling and
consultation.
In other words, summer months need not be lean and arid
spiritually or intellectually. The synagogue is not really closed
for the summer.
most cultured and highly edu-
cated center of Jewish life in
the world. Almost every Jew
was conversant with secular
knowledge, Jewish Law, Hebrew
grammar and poetry.
This was the environment in-
to which Samuel was born in
Cordova in 933. As soon as he
was old enough, Samuel became
a student at the Yeshiva.
When civil war broke out
among the Arabs, Samuel fled
to Granada. We don't know ex-
actly how the future statesman
first came to the attention of
the Vizier of Granada. Legend
has it that he was a professional
scribe who used to write court
documents.
In any case, we do know that
the Vizier became so enamour-
ed of the young Samuel that be-
fore the Vizier died, he recom-
mended Samuel as his success-
or. The king soon appointed him
not only Vizier, but General of
the Armies.
Samuel had great political
power, but he never forgot his
Judaism with all the responsi-
bilities of bis position. He con-
tinued to find time for the study
of Torah.
As General he often sensed
in the enemy troops a certain
jealousy in seeing a Jew as
commander of the Armies of
Granada and he often expressed
this sentiment in his poetry.
But never did Samuel become
a bitter man or a vengeful war-
rior-statesman. He was too im-
bued with the teachings of the
Torah to lose the sense of com-
passion that Torah teaches.
One day, we are told, the king
heard an Arab curse Samuel.
The King ordered that the
man's tongue be cut out, but
the Vizier countermanded the
order. He spoke to the man and
found that he had suffered many
misfortunes in his life. He re-
alized that the curses were only
an expression of the poor man's
frustration. Instead of punish-
ing him, Samuel gave him ex-
pensive gifts and sent him home
to his family.
Some time later, Samuel and
the King rode together in a
royal carriage. They spotted the
man walking in the street. He
looked up at them and shouted,
"Blessed be our King and his
noble Vizier."
When the King asked Samuel
why he had not cut out the
man's tongue as he had com-
manded, Samuel replied, "I did
exactly as you ordered. You
ordered that this man's wicked
tongue be removed. I have done
so, and now he has a kind
tongue in its place."
When the King died, his son
took over. But the latter was a
playboy who did not live up to
his responsibilities as head of
state.
While the young man occu-
pied the throne as a figurehead,
Samuel ha-Nagid ruled Grana-
da, as he continued to study
Torah, write on the Talmud and
Hebrew grammar and compose
volume after volume of poetry
in the language of his people.
Executive Editor
Encyclopaedia Judaica
What is the status of
atomic research in Israel?
Development of atomic
energy in Israel was initiated
even before the end of the War
of Independence (1948-49), and
by the late 1960s research and
development in all fields of
atomic energy represented one
of the major national research
efforts.
According to the authoritative
Encyclopaedia Judaica, the ini-
tial phase of atomic energy de-
velopment in Israel consisted of
two enterprises. The first was a
survey of the natural resources
of the country, particularly with
respect to the nuclear raw ma-
terials uranium and thorium.
Only low-grade deposits, pri-
marily associated with phos-
phate rocks, were located.
The second enterprise was the
initiation of a training program
to provide the necessary scien-
tific and technical staff for pos-
sible application of atomic
energy to the national economy.
The next phase was the estab-
lishment of the Israel Atomic
Energy Commission in 1952. The
members of the commission in-
clude men prominent in science,
technology, and industry, as
well as senior civil servants.
The first research center was
located in temporary quarters
near Rehovot, and later moved
to its present site at Sorek. The
major facility at the Sorek Re-
search Center is a 5 Mw swim-
ming-pool-type reactor acquired
with the assistance of the U.S.
under the 1955 Atoms for Peace
Program, says the Encyclopae-
dia Judaica. This reactor be-
came operational in 1960. Other
facilities at Sorek include hot
laboratories, and research lab-
oratories for physics and chem-
istry, as well as health-physics,
electronics and mechanical
services. A Radioisotope Train-
ing Center, a joint Weizmann
Institute Israel Atomic Energy
Commission venture, was also
established at Sorek to provide
basic training in the techniques
and applications of radioac-
tivity.
A second nuclear research
center was established at Di-
monah, some 25 miles South-
East of Beersheba. It was de-
Beth Shalom Accepting
Holiday Reservations
Reservations are now being
taken for the High Holy Days
by Sylvia Gordon, executive sec-
retary of Temple Beth Shalom,
at the temDle's administrative
offices.
Seats are available for mem-
bers and non-members for the
services to be conducted by Dr.
Morton Malavsky, assisted by
Cantor Irving Gold and profes-
sional choir, in the main
sanctuary.
signed to provide better facili-
ties for technological research
in nuclear power and desalting
as well as more extensive lab-
oratories for basic research and
training. The main facilities
there include a 24 Mw natural-
uranium heavy-water reactor
with extensive experimental fa-
cilities. In addition, the center
has hot laboratories, and engi-
neering, chemical, and physical
research laboratories.
The aim of the research and
development program, the Ju-
daica reports, is to acquire the
technology and fundamental
knowledge of nuclear science
and to apply these as early as
possible to the advancement of
the country.
Israel is a member of the In-
ternational Atomic Energy
Agency (Vienna) and partici-
pates actively in various inter-
national programs. Her experts
have been sent to various coun-
tries (Brazil, Costa Rica, For-
mosa, Greece, Kenya, Rumania,
and Uganda) to help in estab-
lishing atomic energy programs
or to help in various applica-
tions. International courses are
held in Israel at the Sorek
Nuclear Research Center.
Israel has agreements with
Argentina, Brazil, Chile. Mexico,
Peru, the Philippines. Thailand,
and Uruguay for cooperation in
atomic energy research and de-
velopment.
Religious
Services
i-UokuAII
HAILANP.UE JEWISH CENTBF.
(Conservative) 416 NE 8th Ava.
Rahbi Marry E Schwartz. Canto*
Jacob Panzioer.
NORTH MIAMI BEACH
SINAI (Temple) of NORTH DADS.
18801 NE 22nd Ave. Reform. Rabbi
Ralph P. Kingsley. Cantor Irving
Bhulkee.
NORTH HOWARD
CORAL SPRINGS HEBREW CON-
GREOATION. Liberal. 3501 Univer-
alty Dr. Rabbi Max Walts.
-------------------------------------------
TAMARAC JEWISH CENTER, .
N.W. 57th St.. (Conservative) Rab
bl Milton J. Grose.
PLANTATION
PLANTATION JEWISH CONGRE-
GATION. 400 South Nob HIM Road,
Plantation. Rabbi Arthur Abram.
Friday 8 p.m.
HOLLYWOOD
VOUNG ISRAEL OF HOLLYWOOD.
(Orthodox). 3891 Storting Rd. op.
posit* Hollywood HIlia High School
President Or. Frank Stain.
TEMPLE BETH EL (Reform) 1SS1 ft.
14th Ave.. Hollywood. Rabbi Samoa*
Jaff*. A**iatant Rabbi Harvey M.
Roaanfeld.
BETH SHALOM (Temprt) Conserve,
tlva. 44)01 Arthur St. Rabbi Morto*
Malavsky, Cantor irvino Oold.
-------------a-------------
TEMPLE BETH AHM (Conservative).
310 SW 82nd Ave.. Hollywood.
-------
TEMPLE SINAI (Conservative). 1201
ahnaen St Rabbi David Shaoiro,
Associate Rabbi Chalm ft. Listfield,
Cantor Yehuda Hallkraur.
TEMPLE SOLEL (Liberal). 5100 Shor.
idan St.. Hollywood. Rabbi Robert
Frazin. 41-C
MIRAMAR
TEMPLE ISRAEL (Conssrvatlve)
N20 SW Sftth St Rabbi Avrom
DraaJri.
rmmOKf rlNs*
TEMPLE IN THE PINKS (Conserva-
tive) 1900 N. University Dr., Peat-
broke Pinea. Rabbi Sidney Lubja.


Way, July 18, 1975
The Jewish Floridian and Shojar of Hollywooa
Page 9
Senate Pulls U. S. Out of ILO
FUNDING SLASH CONDEMNED
By JOSEPH POLAKOFF
WASHINGTON (JTA)
-The House of Represen-
ttives has withdrawn the
Jnited States government
from participation in the In-
ternational Labor Organiza-
because the ILO gave
he Palestine Liberation Or-
ganization status in that
L'nited Nations affiliate as
In observer.
Supporting the position of
tie AFL-CIO, the House vot-
ld to delete from appropria-
tions to the State Depart-
nent the funds to pay into
he ILO. The cutoff is el-
ective as of last June 12.
Rep. John Slack (D., W. Va.)
Jand John Murtha (D., Pa.) led
i the fight to delete the funds.
[They were opposed by Reps. El-
[ford Cederberg (R., Mich) and
Millicent Fenwick (R., N.J.).
Slack, who introduced the
ieletion legislation, pointed out
that while observer status is
lion-voting and non-paying, it
permits the PLO representation
i ILO proceedings.
Slack pointed out that when
the ILO admitted the PLO, the
U.S. delegation, made up of
representatives of government,
labor and management walked
out.
The labor group said it would
not return to that session. The
U.S. funds 23 percent of the
ILO budget.
THE HOUSE vote was 21-8,
less than a quorum. But since
no member raised the point of
the absence of a quorum or
entered an objection, the ILO
amendment was adopted.
Cederberg argued he has
"never been a real fan" of the
ILO, but Secretary of State
Henry A. Kissinger and others
in the State Department ex-
plained to him that suspending
U.S. funds to the ILO "at this
time when we are carrying out
these negotiations (in the Mid-
dle East) just adds another
problem that we really do not
need at this time."
Cederberg made much of Is-
rael's remaining in the ILO,
saying "the reason" is that the
Israelis "figure they can do
more good within the organiza-
tion rather than moving out-
side."
COUNTERING Cederberg,
Murtha said "Congress has to
exert itself" because the PLO
should be condemned "especial-
ly after allegedly participating
in the Munich massacre and
proudly displaying this type of
support for that type of action."
He said he hoped the House
action would not "upset the
delicate balance of negotiations
(in the Middle East) but for too
long we have delayed action
and allowed the State Depart-
ment to dictate to us what we
should do. We control the funds.
The only ability we have to
condemn this organization is by
cutting off the funds."
ASKED TO comment on the
House action, the State Depart-
ment said it "regrets" the action
since the ILO "is a highly use-
ful organization." Spokesman
Robert Anderson noted that the
U.S. had voted in the ILO
against observer status for the
PLO.
The ILO. he observed, is for
government, worker and em-
ployer representatives, and the
PLO "has no government or
recognized worker or employer
groups" and "fias no business
to be taken up in the ILO."
Jewish Underprivileged
Struggle Against N.Y. Odds
By MINDY YOCHELSON
NEW YORK (JTA)
Jerome Becker, president of
the Metropolitan New York
Coordinating Council on
Jewish Poverty (MNYCC-
JP), issued a sharp condem-
nation here of Human Re-
sources Administration
(HRA) Commissioner James
R. Dumpson over his recom-
mended cut in funding of
programs for poor Jewish
and other white ethnic
groups.
The slash would amount
to $261,250 (or 55 per cent)
of the current $475,000 now
being allocated by the HRA
for the city's 400,000 Jewish
poor.
THE HRA money, which con-
sists of matching federal and
city funds, is used by the MNY-
CCJP for funding, staffing and
directing local Jewish commu-
nity councils that provide serv-
lEO MINIM IN
Women's Sexism Brings Them Equality
ices to the Jewish poor in 10
neighborhoods in New York
City.
During a meeting for pro-
gram leaders that serve various
poor white ethnic groups,
Becker announced that a dem-
onstration would be held in
front of the HRA offices to pro-
test the cutback.
DUMPSON TOLD the JTA
that in view of the city's eco-
nomic crisis the reduction in
funds for the ethnic programs
would have less drastic effects
than had the cuts been made
in other programs in his de-
partment. These include staff
salaries, day care and senior
citizen centers.
At the meeting, Becker also
announced that a suit would be
brought against the New York
City Council Against Poverty
(CAP), a channeling group that
distributes federal and state
funds for poverty areas.
He charged that CAP has
"systematically excluded" the
Jewish poor by the use of cer-
tain criteria for establishing
poverty areas that receive fund-
ing. He said that the use of
these criteria, such as the num-
Continued on Page 10
Continued from Page 4-
lohandas Karanchand Gandhi
ho relation to Indira Gandhi),
first brought India its in-
ependence from colonial rule.
How is that for the nurturing
poman?
OR TAKE the United Nations
onference in Mexico City, os-
ensibly the first international
neeting of women for the pur-
pose of examining their role in
male-dominated, sexist so-
ciety.
The conference concluded
ast week with a resolution con-
demning Zionism. What could
be more irrelevant or, indeed,
rmore absurd?
Of course, one should not
have expected much more than
politicking at a UN-sponsored
function, because the UN to-
ay is a Third World-dominated
nishmash of Arab petrodollars
end African nations foolish
enough to believe in Arab clap-
about Arab revolution and
Vrab liberation.
BUT EVEN on its own terms,
the anti-Zionist resolution is an
isurdity. Compare the status
lei women in Israel to the status
lof women in the Third World,
land one is forced to ask in a
burst of bitter laughter; who is
condemning whom?
But the essential issue in the
end is that a women's confer-
ence to discuss ways of achiev-
ing equality in a sexist world,
UN-sponsored or not, couldn't
even come up with a resolution
condemning sexism.
It could walk out as Leah
Rabin, wife of the Israeli Prime
Minister, rose to address the as-
sembly. And it could condemn
Zionism both purely political
acts.
BUT IT could not manage to
carry out the central business
of the conference a conse-
quence not one iota different
from the sexist, male-dominated
manner and business carried
out at the UN in New York it-
self.
In this unique and clownish
failure, the conference appears
to have shown itself to be what
the Greers and Milletts say of
women: that they are indeed
slaves of a male-dominated
world, parrots of their male
masters, incapable of thinking
and speaking for themselves.
In these two unrelated cir-
cumstances, Gandhi and the
women's conference, the myth
dies hard, but die it does, that
women are the gentler sex, that
they are the nurturers, that in
their hands the world would
know war no more.
IN FACT, women are very
much like men.
Very much a man himself,
Lord Byron once declared:
"Sweet is revenge especially
to women."
And the poetess, Letitia
Elizabeth Landon, who lived to
barely 36 years of age she
died in 1838was nevertheless;
wise enough to have surmised
about women that, "As beautiful
as woman's blush" is so is it
"As evanescent, too."
These were disappointed 19th
century views of the romantic
In revolt, showing women cap-
able of human emotion not
necessarily related to the nur-
turing earth-mother, but still
different as in the past. In these
views, woman is suddenly more
hateful than man.
MY OWN feeling is that it is
sad. but nevertheless it is true
that women can be as cruel,
bigoted and ignorant as the men
with whom they share this
earth.
If this, be sexism, as some
might declare it, what does it
matter? At Mexico City, who
cared about sexism? At Mexico
City, actions spoke louder than
words. And in New Delhi, who
could possibly mistake Dictator
Gandhi for a man?
Women are equal, all right,
whatever some romantics, dis-
appointed or otherwise, may
once have said to the contrary.
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1
Page 10
The Jewish Floridiem and Shofar of Hottywood
J5(
Friday, July 18, 1975 =
I
"
'" >'i ... I.I.IJ!
Arab-Sponsored Gotham Bank j community Calendar
Must Pledge No Discrimination
Hi Mi
NEW YORKAn Arab-spon-
sored bank that plans to open
soon in New York will be re-
quired to give a pledge of non-
discrimination before it re-
ceives a charter from the State
Banking Department, the Amer-
ican Jewish Congress was in-
formed this week by Ernest
Kohn, Acting Superintendent of
the Department.
In a letter to the Congress
and in a meeting with repre-
sentatives of the organization,
Acting Superintendent Kohn
voiced "the firm conviction of
this Department that discrimi-
natory practices or policies not
only would be inconsistent with
the anti-discrimination laws cur-
rently in effect but. are in-
compatible with the public serv-
ice function of banking institu-
tions in this state."
MR. KOHN wrote to the
American Jewish Congress in
response to a letter from Rabbi
Arthur Hertzberg, its national
four American banks were ap-
plying to the State Banking
Commission for permission to
establish a new financial institu-
tion to be known as the "United
Bank, Arab and French, New
York."
The four American banks are
the Bankers Trust Company of
New York, First National Bank
of Chicago, Security Pacific
Bank of California and Texas
Commerce Bancshares of Hous-
ton, Texas.
More than 20 Arab banks and
several from Europe would re-
portedly be associated with the
American banks in the fmining
of UBAF-N.Y., and an estimated
40 per cent of the bank's initial
S25-million capital will corns
from Arab sources, aews re-
ports said.
HOWEVER, no formal appli-
cation from the United Bank
has been received, Kohn told
Phil Baum, associate executive
director of AJCongress, at a
meeting in John's office.
Baum was accompanied by
Gottlieb Hammer, the former
executive vice president of the
United Jewish Appeal who is
serving as a volunteer consult-
ant to the Congress in this mat-
ter.
In his letter to Acting Super-
intendent Kohn, Rabbi Hertz-
berg noted that "many Arab
commercial interests, especial-
ly within the financial com-
munity, have publicly an-
nounced their intention to carry
out the boycott objectives of
the Arab League."
Accordingly, he continued,
"we believe it appropriate that
your Department, as a precon-
dition to the issuance of a char-
ter, receive assurances that the
business affairs of this new
banking institution will be con-
ducted fully in conformity with
the letter and spirit of our laws
arid with the national policy of
this country as expressed both
in the statements of our Gov-
ernment and the enactments of
our Legislature."
IN REPLY, Acting Superin-
tendent Kohn wrote that "the
Banking Department has long
required that any banking or-
ganization making application
to this Department, whether
for a" branch, for a new bank I
or whatever, make a specific f
written pledge that in its opera- I
tion it will not discriminate in I
any manner on the basis of \
race, creed, color or national I
origin.
"We require that this assur- I
ance be given by all bank ap- I
plicants; we make no excep- ;
tions of any kind."
SUNDAY, JULY 20
Jewish Federations Singles of BrowardDanceHallan-
dale Jewish Center, tickets at door8 p.m.
MONDAY, JULY 21
Jewish Federation Singles of BrowardDanceHallan-
Ralph BirzonHome Federal. Young Circle, Holly-
wood8 p.m.
SATURDAY, JULY 28
Jewish Federation Singles of Broward Lecture by
Blanche and Abe Halpern on the "25th Anniversary
Celebration"Hollywood Federal Bank, 6100 Griffin
Road, Davie8 p.m.
a.n : 'i t'i Ml I .ill;
i
Israel Strikes at Terrorists in Lebanon
TEL AVIV(JTA) Israeli
land, sea and air forces struck
at terrorist targets along the
southern Lebanese coastal strip
in a series of raids this week
that began shortly after mid-
night and continued until dawn.
All Israeli forces returned
safely to their bases after de-
stroying numerous terrorist
buildings, boats and vehicles
and inflicting an undisclosed
number of casualties on the ter-
rorists.
SEVERAL ISRAELI units en-
gaged terrorists in close range
firefights, and others came un-
der terrorist artillery fire which
was silenced by Israeli artil-
lery. No Israeli casualties were
reported in any of the en-
counters.
The Israeli raids, which con-
centrated on the region north
and south of Tyre and on the
big Rashidiyeh refugee camp,
were apparently carried out in
retaliation for last Friday's ter-
rorist bombing in Jerusalem
that claimed the lives of 14
Jews and Arabs.
The terrorists struck back
during the forenoon hours with
volleys of Katyusha rocket fire
aimed at Safad, some 12 miles
from the Lebanese border, Kib-
N.Y. Poor
Hit Back
Against Odds
Continued from Page 9
ber of live births and the inci-
dence of juvenile delinquency
are unfair to the Jewish poor,
who are mainly elderly.
BECKER NOTED that CAP,
of whose $42 million budget
only eigh tenth of one per
cent goes to the Jewish poor,
was given only a 10 to 15 per
cent cut while his group re-
ceived a 55 per cent slash.
"Programs for the white
ethnic poor cannot be dismem-
bered while CAP-funded proj-
ects are allowed to absorb only
minimal cuts," Becker said.
Dumpson said, however, that
the mayor had "earmarked"
$912,000 for CAP and that he
had no choice as to whom it
was given. Dumpson also said
he saw no evidence of any dis-
crimination in CAP's funding.
butz Iron, and the coastal city
of Nahariya. No casualties or
damage was reported.
MOST OF the rockets explod-
ed in open fields. The Rosh
Haniqra border post on the Is-
rael-Lebanon border was clos-
ed down, and no one, including
United Nations observers, was
permitted to cross.
Shooting was heard in south-
ern Lebanon long after Israeli
forces had departed, apparent-
ly between terrorists and Leb-
anese Army regulars.
According to an army spokes-
man, Israeli infantry units
crossed into Lebanon shortly
after midnight and, at about
the same time, Israeli comman-
dos were landed on the Leba-
nese beaches north and south
of Tyre by navy craft which
shelled terrorist targets ashore.
Israel Air Force planes flew
over the target areas dropping
flares and later strafed terror-
ist strongholds as Israeli in-
fantry patrols systematically
demolished terrorist command
posts and buildings.
THE ISRAELI forces attacked
three targets in Tyre, two to
the south of it and two to the
north. Houses were demolished
on the fringes of the Rashidiyeh
camp, and boats were destroyed
KOSHER HOTEL of th*
YEAR
The]"
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For Reservation* Phone
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Afeef Israeli Government Dignitaries on your
DE LUXE TOUR TO ISRAEL ON SEPTEMBER 17, 1975
(Return October 8, 1975)
2 Weeks Israel Plus 4 Nights Istanbul, Turkey
3 Nights Athens, Greece
Miami to Miami $1549.00
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were strengthened in northern
Israel in anticipation of pos-
sible terrorist attempts at sabo-
in the Rashidiyeh anchorage, a
jumping-off place for terrorist
sea-borne assaults on Israel.
Large fires were seen in the
camp. A_ Lebanese communique
confirmed the attack but gave
no details of damage or casual-
ties. The terrorist radio station
in Beirut reported a fire in the
Rashidiyeh camp and said four
terrorists were killed.
Police and border patrols
tape in civilian centers.
TIGHTENED SECURITY was
maintained on the Jordan River
bridges across which, it is be-
lieved, "summer visitors"
smuggled the explosives used
in Friday's fatal bombing in
Jerusalem.
Israeli security sources con-
cede that the summer visitors'
policy provides opportunities
for smuggling explosives and
the infiltration of hostile ele-
ments into Israel despite strict
control and thorough searches.
^p^Uanier
Horse Shoe, North Carolina
OFFERS
A WEEK OF FAMILY CAMPING
August 24 August 30
Enjoy a week of popular Family Camping on CAMP HIGH-
LANDER'S 170 acres of North Carolina mountainside
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Activities include tennis, swimming, hiking, canoeing, rock
sliding, ruby-mining, basketball and softball. Horseback
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Indian Council Campfires, movies, Bingo, sightseeing and
picnicking add to a family vacation that has almost every-
thing ... and at a very reasonable price!
Cabins for 2 at $150. For each additional family member
over 3 years of age: $50. Prices include breakfast and
dinner.
For reservations: Call Fred Lawman, Pine Crest School,
1501 N.E. 62nd Street, Ft. Lauderdale. Phone: 772-6550.
I
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OPEN ADMISSIONS POLICY
A residential Camp for Boys and Girls Ages 7-16
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Camp Highlander makes full use of 170 acres of North Caro-
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Contact Fred Lawman, PINE CREST SCHOOL
1501 N.E. 62nd ST., FT. LAUDERDALE, FLA. 33334
PHONE: 772-6550
i


Workmen's Circle Celebrates 75th Anniversary of Good Works
iHE WORKMEN'S Circle, one of the oldest Jewish
organization in the United States, has started
[his week the celebration in New York of the 75
|eare of its existence.
The celebration will be observed in numerous
Ither communitiesfrom the Atlantic fo the Pacific
-where the Workmen's Circle' maintains branches.,
i-er since its foundation in 1900.
THE ORGANIZATION needs no introduction. It
has been rooted in American Jewish life for three
^generations. It was founded at the beginning of this
century when Jewish mass-immigration was at its
height- Originally established as a fraternal body,
he Workmen's Circle and the achievements it
It has followed the march of time and developed
Into a group with wider horizons. It is now part and
harcel of everything that takes place in American
Jewish communal life.
History of American Jewry cannot be written
now without giving the proper place to the role of
he Workmen's Circle and. the achievements it
leached during the years of its existence.


ITS ACTIVITIES are now no longer limited to
providing fraternal benefits to its tens of thousands
of members. It is now participating also in numerous
functions accelerating social progress in general.
The Workmen's Circle is today active also in
combatting bigotry. It supports legislative action in
the fields of housing, employment, health care, social
security, consumer protection. It is in the front row
among major Jewish organizations fighting for the
rights of Jews in the Soviet Union.
IT IS actively supporting Israel by having in-
vested $600,000 of its reserve funds in Israeli proj-
ects and by urging its huge membership to con-
tribute to the United Jewish Appeal and the His-
tradrut campaign as well as to buy Israel Bonds.
While continuing its traditional policy of pro-
viding fraternal benefits to its membersin the form
of insurance, medical said and otHerTifins t&
Workmen's Circle 'extinguishes itself 'anib with id
unique cultural program which includes the main-
taining of Jewish modern schools and summer
camps, a Yiddish Theater in New York, Jewish
choirs, organizing Jewish concerts and lectures
throughout the country, conducting Jewish festivals,
publishing Jewish books and magazines.
IT IS also closelv associated with the Jewish
Daily Forward, the only Jewish daily newspaper
this country and the largest Jewish daily newspaper
in the world.
One of the main achievements of the Workmen's
Circle is the building and mtaintaining of modern
homes for its aged members. At present it maintains
three such homes: the largest is located in New
York and accommodates 525 residents.
)en
JU
ami in iiitfuri'-'Ht'"'
i m
Single Fathers
Reject Assist
OFFICIAL of a Jewish community center has reported
I that interviews with a number of single-parent fathers
Huced little evidence that they wanted the kind of wide-
ting services being offered under Jewish communal aspects
kelp single-parent mothers cope with their problems.
JRona Small, program director at the Denver Jewish com-
kity center, reported she made her informal investigation
a Jewish Welfare Board consultation on single-parent
lies at which professionals from a wide variety of Jewish
nmunal agencies pondered the fact that current literature
ngle-parent families reflected "a total dearth of knowl-
f" about single-parent fathers and that family agency case-
and Jewish centers rosters "attest to the fact that this
is virtually absent" from such service agencies programs.
VT ONE of the "most productive" consultation sessions.
| Small reported in an issue of the JWB Circle, it was
Itulated" that such fathers could be assumed to need "a
fad of services from men's consciousness-raising groups to
aid and economic counseling, from child care and home-
er service for the fathers with permanent or temporary
lodv" of their children "to parent effectiveness training for
I Sunday or absent father."
|To test "these assumptions about appropriate services to
s-parent fathers." Ms. Small held a series of informal
views "with a cross-section" of such fathers who included
essional and blue collar workers, "one with permanent
Jy of offspring, most with liberal access rights but no
tody.''
| COURTS USUALLY award custody of children to the di-
ed mother. All of the fathers Ms. Small interviewed were
een 30 and 40 and most have been divorced at least
(years.
IShf reported that the men she talked to "professed the
degree of knowledge about the availability" of Jewish
nninal services "and categorically rejected both existing
ices and the postulated alternatives."
[SHE SAID she found that the fathers were deeplv involved
the care of their offsDring, even those whose children did
Jive in the same community."
|0np had retained sole custody of his children. The others
ltained relationships with their former wives "designed to
Je thm a role in all decisions regarding their children.
SHE SAID her sample was small and that the information
|had collected was "in no way proof that the myriad diffi-
es of absentee fatherhood are a thing of the past." But,
group of fathers who see their children so frequently, she
>red. it might have bean "surmised that new recreational
*ts might be welcome." The surmise, for those fathers, at
Sunday father" programming, for example, was rejected
[Unnecessary"We always have plenty of things to do." All
~e fathers said they were familiar with existing community-
>sored sen-ices but that they felt that cost factors and
|c>' "gate-keepers," meaning "officious personnel, long wait-
Ilists, bureaucracy, etc." made using such aervices "too
pit"
CHILD CARE service was a priority item for the fathers
| said such service "must become more available and prieed
[easy accessibility." Of all existing services, child care
Jgh camps and day care centers was the one most fre-
ptly used by the single-parent fathers.
|Ms. Small said the fathers told her that they, like any
Mi single or married, could benefit from getting more in-
into their relations as parents through family counseling
[they rejected "the premise that they were less adequate
in need of guidance solely on the basis of their hav-
grminated a marital relationship."_____________________
?y. July 18, 1975 *i<+ tirr**#*r> ~FageTT
crt
v^ccja/
cV
At least This %wtt
Must be Sure to Fail
^
/AY BACK in 1951 when the Arab League's
Arab Boycott Office set up the Arab
blacklist of companies with Jewish coloration,
the power of the petrodollar attracted little
attention. In the years since, however, Arab
oil income has shot geyser-high.
Evidence of this new economic leverage
abounds. Oil-producing Arab states are said to
have spent $11 billion in the U.S. in 1974 with
predictions of toppins $15 billion in 1975.
IT IS routine now for us to learn one day
that the Organization of Petroleum Exporting
Countries (OPEC) is thinking about trying,
through an ofter of money, to induce "Readers
Digest" to carry more articles flushed out with
Arab propaganda, and to read the next that
practically all that stands between an Arab
proposal to buy Madison Square Garden and
the consummation of that deal is the deter-
mination of the Garden's president, Alan
Cohen, not to be overwhelmed by Arab gold.
With the small and great engines of the
new technocracy thirsty for oil, the Arab states
studded with oil wells stand to add S400 billion
to their tills in the next 10 years.
OF ALL the Arabs' customers, the United
States itself appears the largest. And with our
unemployment rate courting the eight, nine,
and even 10 per cent level while industry looks

fLUCY s- DAWIDOWICZ has written a work
of major importance. "The War Against
! the Jews. 1933-1945" (New York, Holt, Rine-
hart and Winston $15. '460 pp.) Is as complete
an account as can be desired of the Nazi cam-
paign to destroy Judaism and to make Europe
ludenrein.
The author opens with a synopsis of Ger-
man anti-Semitism and a brief account of how
Hitter acquired his anti-Semitic biases. She
supplies the sequence of events and the meth-
ods by which he came to his "diabolically con-
ceived goals.
HITLER WAS neither a fool nor a dement-
ed creature any more than any person who
harbors a hatred against any of his'fellow-men.
The author relates, with proper historical ob-
jectivity, the modus operandi of the Holocaust.
She narrates the problems of the Jewish
communities, how the kehilla ended by Nazi
dictum and how the Judenrat was formed and
operated, how the various religious and secu-
lar institutions operated and the schisms that
continued despite the fact that calamity for all
was ever present, and how new institutions
came into being.
CHE DIARIES of Ringbloom. Kaplan and
everywhere for new capital, the oil-producing
countries, eager to harness their money to
American know-how, appear to have their fu-
ture guaranteed.
If these observations do not convince you
of the Rravity of the Arab threat, you might
want to try your hand at drawing up your own
set of conclusions. While you are busy at that,
t may prove helpful to check over the pro-
'.osed remedies, cures, and counteraction
ivailable.
FIRST OFF, President Ford in late Febru-
ary took steady aim at the most insidious as-
pect of the use of new Arab wealth: he asserted
that Arab blacklisting of Jews and Jewish
businesses will not be tolerated by Washing-
ton. Discrimination against Jews by private
companies or -government agencies wooing
Arab business interests is "totally contrary to
the American tradition and repugnant to
American principles," he said. And he follow-
ed his stern derrtfheiation with a call to look
into charges of such discrimination and to
institute appropriate action.
True, Deputy State Secretary Robert S.
Ingersoll Indicated little sympathy with the
Ford pronouncement when he publicly opposed
most Congressional proposals to curb Arab boy-
cotts and blacklisting But the wheels had be-
gun to move.
Nazis, lews, Holocaust:
A Major Document
others are utilized, but there is also a vast
amount of research by Prof. Dawidowicz which
casts new light on the events and brings to
the reader new comprehensions.
The appendices supply significant data.
The first appendix relates the fate of European
Jews country by country.
She reveals that Poles and Ukranians
slairghtcred thousands of Jews and were per-
mitted to run amok in the Jewish ghettoes be-
fore they were stopped by the conquering
Germans. Ashkenazi Jews were not the only
victims of the genocide. Over 60,000 Greek
Sephardi Jews went to the crematoria at
Auschwitz.
"UPRISING IN the Warsaw Ghetto," by
Bcr Mark (New York, Schocken Books, $8.95,
200 pp.'. is one of the sources cited by Dawi-
dowicz. The book is a translation from the
Yiddish by Gcrshon Freidlin.
Ber Mark died in 1966. He was a Polish
Jewish historian and he began his research on
the Uprising in 1946. He vividly describes the
hmise to house and sewer to sewer rebellion.
His appendices contain letters and docu-
ments of contemporaries which make the book
invaluable.



'i.


Page 12
The Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Hollywood
Friday, July
West German President Cites Morgenthau
1 With Order of Merit Award
NEW TORK(JTA) The
President of the Federal Re-
public *f Germany, Walter
Scheel, has 1>est0wed upon Dr.
Hans-Joachim Morgenthau the
Commanders Cross of the Ger-
man Order of Merit.
The insignia of this high dis-
tinction was presented to Dr.
Morgenthau by Count Harald
Von Posadowsky-Wehner, the
German Consul General in New
York City.
DR. MORGENTHAU was
born in Coburg, Germany, Feb-
ruary 17, 1904. He studied law
at the University of Berlin and
received degrees from the Uni-
versity of Munich (magna cum
laude) and the University of
Frankfurt (summa cum laude).
He holds honorary degrees
from many institutions, includ-
ing Clark University, the Uni-
versity of Denver, Ripon Col-
lege and Western Reserve Uni-
versftv.
The major portion of his ca-
reer has been devoted to po-
litical science. Dr. Morgenthau
also has been an attorney in
the United States and Germany.
JM one time, he was acting
president of the Frankfort Labor
Law Court.
DR. MORGENTHAU came
to the United States in 1937,
and he became a United States
citizen in 1943. After having
been an instructor of political
science and a professor at
Brooklyn College in New York
City for two years, he went to
the University of Kansas City,
Mo., to teach history, law and
of American Foreign and Mili-
tary Policy at the University of
Chicago.
Dr. Morgenthau has taught at
Berkeley, Columbia, Harvard,
Northwestern and Yale.
HE ALSO has guest-lectured
at several military institutes, in-
cluding the NATO Defense Col-
lege.
He was the Albert A. Michel-
son Distinguished Servd
fessor at the University L
cago and the Leonard!
Distinguished Professor \
City College of New yJ
In 1958, he worked
nowned Institute for Ai
Study at Princeton Unil
Besides his profession
demic career, he hM M
ed to the shaping of |
opinion on issues of
portance through his
and usage of the mass
MM
HANS MORGENTHAU
political science.
In 1950, he was appointed di-
rector of the Center for Study
Effort to Free N;
AMSTERDAM(JTA)Lawyers for Nazi war c
inal Joseph Kotaella will summon Dutch Justice M
ter Andries van Agt to suspend Kotaella's life sent
for health reasons.
Kotaella, one of the three Nazi war criminals
maining in Dutch jails, suffered a cerebral hemorrl
three years ago and several lesser attacks since the
Kotaella's lawyers said the Justice Minister shi
have exercised his privilege to interrupt sentences
reasons of ailing health long ago. The summoning
take place before The Hague court on July 22.
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