The Jewish Floridian of South Broward


Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Running title:
Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood
Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood
Jewish Floridian of South County
Physical Description:
Fred Shochet
Place of Publication:
Hollywood, Fla


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Hollywood (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Broward County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Broward -- Hollywood


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 13, no. 23 (Nov. 11, 1983)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issue for July 7, 1989 called no. 11 but constitutes no. 13.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statement conflict: Aug. 4, 1989 called no. 14 in masthead and no. 15 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.
General Note:
Title from caption.

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University of Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44513894
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Jewish Floridian
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Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood

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'' *,
Volume 17 Number 20
t Hollywood, Florida Friday, August 28, 1987
Jews Mount
To Bork
TWO-HOUR TALK: U.S. Envoy Charts Hill
(left) meets with Israel's Prime Minister
Yitzhak Shamir in Jerusalem for talks
which lasted more than two hours. Shamir
was unavailable for comment, but Hill, who is
executive assistant to U.S. Secretary of State
George Shultz, would only say that he gained
JTA/WZN Nw Photo
'useful insights' and that a 'whole range of
problems' was discussed. Hill, who also met
for similarly lengthy talks with Foreign
Minister Shimon Peres, was in Israel to
pressure the government into getting the stall-
ed Middle East peace process moving again
and to give up on the Lavi jet-fighter project.
Opposition to the nomination
of Judge Robert Bork to the
Supreme Court is mounting in
the Jewish community. The
Jewish War Veterans last
week become the fifth Jewish
organization to voice its
"Contrary to the Ad-
ministration rhetoric surroun-
ding Bork's nomination, the
issue is one of ideology and the
Supreme Court is not well-
served by extremist posi-
tions," said the statement
issued by Edwin Goldwasser,
the group's national
The statement by the Jewish
War Veterans, a mainstream
organization, suggests the ex-
tent to which Bork's nomina-
tion is meeting opposition in
the Jewish community. Wor-
ried about Bork's stand on
minority and women's rights
and church-state issues, some
Jewish groups which do not
traditionally oppose presiden-
tial appointments, consider
this one fight where they can
not remain on the sidelines.
ALONG WITH the Jewish
War Veterans, the Union of
American Hebrew Congrega-
tions (UAHC), American
Jewish Congress, B'nai B'rith
Women, National Council of
Jewish Women and New
Jewish Agenda are opposing
Continued on Page 9
Coming of Age In America
A Russian Girl Turns Sweet Sixteen
Jewish Floridian Staff Writer
On Aug. 8, a Miami girl
celebrated her birthday with a
very American tradition the
sweet sixteen party.
But this was no ordinary
sweet sixteen party, because
this was no ordinary American
teenager; Mila Kwitney spent
the first eight years of her life
growing up as a typical Rus-
sian child in Kiev.
Most of the approximately
100 people who crowded into
the Troika, a Russian
restaurant in the Dunes Hotel
where the party was held,
were Russian-born, and the
flavor of the evening was ap-
propriately Slavic.
A BAND played Russian
folk tunes as large quantities
of vodka and caviar were con-
sumed throughout the even-
ing, along with other tradi-
tional Russian treats, such as
smoked fish, herring, and
Chicken Kiev. Guests danced
the regional folk dances of
their provinces, from the lively
movements of the Ukraine to
the sensuous, almost Middle
Eastern undulations of
The women, sumptuously
dressed in ballgowns of satin,
sequins, and gold lame, wore
their hair piled high on their
heads, proving that some
70-odd years of Communism
have not affected the Russian
love of extravagance.
The birthday girl, Mila,
changed from a white, satin
floor-length gown to a lacy
white confection midway
through the evening, which
stretched from 8 p.m. to the
small hours of the morning.
Hebrew tunes were also
played, and a Russian-born
rabbi addressed the assembled
guests, speaking in Russian,
the lingua franca of the event.
THE FEW guests who could
not understand Russian, asked
their neighbors for a transla-
tion during the candlelighting
ceremony, during which Mila's
friends and family, including
her maternal grandmother and
uncle, who had come all the
way from Israel, came up to
the stage to join Mila and her
parents, Leon and Irene.
A videotape of Mila, who
handled the evening with the
accomplished poise of ;
seasoned debutante, showed a
different side of the elegant
young woman.
Early black and white pic-
tures revealed a round-faced,
slightly serious child, looking
startlingly old-fashioned with
her solemn eyes and shy smile.
These photographs were
soon replaced by color
videoshots of a vivacious
teenager with a mane of
perfectly-styled hair, groomed
from the tips of her long
fingernails to the toes of her
fringed and studded Western-
style boots.
IT IS the Russian child with
the grave expression and long
braid that I recall. Mila is a dis-
tant cousin of mine, and I met
her in a hotel room in Newark
eight years ago, when my
mother and I first met our
Russian relatives, newly arriv-
ed from Kiev.
Unlike our parents, who
CoatiBMd M Pag* 12
Mila s cousins, still living in the Soviet Union, include (from left) the children of
Mila's paternal aunt, Svetlana: Vladik, 2J,, and Eydita, 16; and the children of
Mila's paternal uncle, Vladimir: They are (right) Alexandra, 8. and Yanna, 18.

Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, August 28, 1987
As A Result of AIDS
Hebrew Academy To Teach A Course On Human Sexuality This Fall
Jewish Floruhatt Sfofr" Writer
The Hebrew Academy, for
the first time, will begin
teaching a course on Human
Sexuality this fall. The course
is scheduled to be offered as an
elective to 10th and 12th grade
students, and will include
discussions on the role of sex
in relationships, physiological
changes that teen-agers go
through, and the difference
between love and sex.
Jessica Schultz, assistant
principal of the junior and
senior high school of the
Academy, will be teaching the
course primarily from a
biological view, and Rabbi
Yossi Heber, principal of the
Academy, will teach the course
from a philosophical, biblical
and halachic perspective.
-THE ISSUE of sex educa-
tion became very critical as a
result of the AIDS scare in
America," Heber said. "We
wanted to first get a consensus
of our parents and invited
Marilyn Volker, a lecturer, to
give a session on the impor-
tance of sex education. After-
wards, we asked the parents if
it would be their mandate to
Have a problem
with your
We want to aotve
It to your com
pwe aahstactton,
and we want to
do it fast. Ptaase
write to:
mfshswx Fiondun,
P.O. Box 012973,
Mann. Ha. 33101
You can help us
by attaching your
addrass labal
Mere. Or copy
your name and
address as it
appears on your
label Send this
along with your
Simply attach the mailing label
from this paper and write in your
new address below (Please allow
4 weeks.)
Your New
For Fast
... M is better to write us concern-
ing your problem and include the
address labal. Also, addrass
changes are handled more
efficiently by mail However,
should you need to reach us
quickly the fo is available
MR Man*. Ra. 33101
have it implemented in the
school. And they felt very
strongly that it should be
The course will be value-
based," said Heber. and in a
public school there would be
difficulty with a generic course
in Human Sexuality because
who would choose which
values to base the course on?
"In a Jewish parochial
school, the values are intrin-
sic," Heber said.
FOR EXAMPLE, leading
doctors and public health sec-
tor spokesmen have endorsed
the merit of using condoms
during sex. Yet. said Heber.
"the use of condoms is against
Jewish law unless specific rab-
binical approval is given as a
result of medical
The idea of implementing
the curriculum is balancing the
tenets of Orthodox tradition
which forbids premarital rela-
tions and the culture of the
Western civilization which ac-
cepts that reality. Heber said.
"So as a result, the way
we've dealt with this is within
the framework of Orthodoxy
we are teaching the role of sex
in a Jewish home, its beauty
and significance, as well as the
dangers of an open and free
Rabbi Yossi Heber
Jessica Schultz
The course wUX be "value-based,"
said Heber, and in a public school
there would be difficulty with a
generic course in Human Sexuality
because who would choose which
values to base the course on?
sexual society."
A goal of the course is to in-
spire students to recognize
that the solution to the general
sexual malaise in America is
abstinance from premarital
relations and also the fatal
dangers of the various diseases
transmitted in extra-marital
Convention for Volunteers
Volunteers from the United
States. Canada, Great Britain.
South Africa, Tunisia, France,
and Ireland recently came to the
Convention Center in Jerusalem
(Binyanei Ha'vma) to celebrate
the fifth anniversary' of the foun-
ding of the Volunteers for Israel
The Congress was honored to
have as guests the President of
the State of Israel. Chaim Herzog.
the Minister of Defense Yitzhak
Rabin, and the Chief of the Israeli
Defense Forces General Staff.
General Don Shamron.
Approximately 2.000 past
volunteers and their friends at-
tended the ceremonies. Sylvia and
Ben Dinkes were two of the many
volunteers who were publicly
acknowledged for their services to
the organization.
In the evening, at a ceremony
held at the Kotel. Prime Minister
Yitzhak Shamir addressed the
volunteers and thanked them on
behalf of the State for their
The second day of the congress
was spent in various workshops
reviewing methods to increase the
number of volunteers and to im-
prove the functioning of Sar-El.
the counterpart in Israel of the
Volunteers program.
Ribalow Prize-Winner
Aharon Appelfeld has won the
1987 Harold U. Ribalow Prize
for his novel, 'To the Land of
the Cattails." (Wiedenfeld and
Nicolson). The prize is award-
ed annually by Hadassah
Magazine for a work of fiction
on a Jewish theme. Appelfeld
lives in Jerusalem, and the
novel was translated by Jef-
frey Green.
Raizes Reelected
Harold Raizes has been elected
to a second term as president
of the Jewish Federation of
Greater Houston.
For further information call the
Volunteers for Israel office at
792-6700 on Monday. Tuesday.
Thursday, or Friday between the
hours of 1 and 3 p.m.. or write to
the Volunteers for Israel. 6501
West Sunrise Blvd.. Ft. Lauder-
dale. Fl. 33313.
Volunteers is a grant recipient
of the Federation^JA family of
From the students, Heber
said he doesn't expect "perfec-
tion and an attitude of holier
than though. But I do expect
that they will be receptive to
the fundamental philosophy of
traditional Judaism and that
they will strive to live within
that to the best of their
ACCORDING to Schultz,
the course will be offered on a
trial basis to 10th and 12th
grade students to see in which
grades it will best be handled.
The course was initially going
to be taught to 10th grade
students, but Schultz said the
school wanted to reach the
seniors before they go out in
the world.
The course will also dwell on
the moral dilemmas a student
faces such as how to say "no,"
understanding why bhey say
no, and how to overcome peer
Schultz also agrees that the
course will likely be different
from similar courses offered in
other schools around the coun-
try. "In most places, they give
the students a lot of facts, and
the teachers are afraid to come
to any sort of judgment on
whether a situation is good or
bad," Schultz said.
"I think it behooves our
school to teach students to
make these judgments, and
the students to make these
WHILE THE course will be
a new experience for the
Academy, Schultz asserts that
"it's more risky not to have a
course like this. We're in a
very volatile age where
students hear part-truths. I
think a student has to have an
outlet where they can talk
about it and hear from a com-
petent person on what the
truth really is and modify their
lives, or they may not have
very long to live. It's very
Although most parents sup-
port the course, Schultz said
she is "sure that there will be
parents who will not want
their kids participating in
these discussions."
The students will have had a
course in biology previous to
this course and therefore will
have a fundamental
background on human
reproduction, she said. The
classes will usually begin with
a discussion by the teachers,
and then the students will be
invited to share their fears or
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Friday, August 28, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 3
Florida Reacts
To Spiraling Cost of Pope's Visit in Miami
Jewish Floridian Staff Writer
A diverse group Chris-
tians, Jews, atheists and the
National Organization for
Women, to name a few par-
ticipants has united with
one common goal: to scrutinize
the almost $4 million in state,
county and federal dollars that
will fuel the massive papal visit
to Miami on Sept. 10 and 11.
The group, scheduled to hold
its second meeting this week,
is called the Citizens Commit-
tee for a Constitutional Papal
Visit, and its chief purpose is
to make certain that the public
expenditures do not create a
violation of separation of
church and state.
WHILE THE organization
is not designed to bring a
lawsuit against a government
body if it finds improprieties,
the committee's findings could
result in other groups filing
legal protests, said a key
organizer, State Rep. Mike
"In 1979 in Philadelphia,
after the last papal visit,
Philadelphia got excessive like
Miami has a tendency to do.
They paid for a number of ac-
tivities that afterwards were
found to be inappropriate. And
the Philadelphia Archdiocese
had to repay the city as a
result of a (legal) challenge,"
Friedman said.
The Miami group is hoping
that a lawsuit will not be
necessary, its members, say.
They hope that their examina-
tion of every expenditure in
advance of the visit will avoid
problems later.
temper their decisions when
they know someone will be
monitoring the process,"
Friedman told The Jewish
The group's diversity shows
that an interest in maintaining
the constitutional separation
of church and state goes
beyond any particular
religious affiliation.
Some of its members include
Barbara Levinson, an attorney
and board member of the
American Civil Liberties
Union; Chuck Eastman, of the
United Protestant Appeal;
Chesterfield Smith, former
president of the American Bar
Association; Dr. Stanley
Margulies, a concerned in-
dividual; Brent Routman, of
the American Jewish Con-
gress; Rev. Carroll Schuster,
with the First Presbyterian
Church, as well as members
who represent the Seven Day
Adventists and Unitarian
The committee was infor-
mally started when Rep.
Friedman, his aide, Susan
Glickman, and members of the
ACLU were examining the
issues of the county's lending
school buses to the Ar-
chdiocese and the construction
30 days in advance of a
100-foot-high cross, platform
and altar on the public proper-
ty of Florida International
THE BUS issue now ap-
pears to be dead, and the bar
on the cross apparently will
not be erected until a day
before the papal mass on the
campus, Glickman said.
Rep. Mike Friedman
The committee has sent let-
ters to all 27 Dade County
municipalities, the Dade Coun-
ty School Board and the coun-
ty government requesting
budgets of all monies being
spent, which are a matter of
public record.
"There are a bunch of poten-
tial issues," Glickman said.
"We are checking the use of
county employees during the
visit, examining the closing of
courts and what the cost to
taxpayers is in relation to clos-
ing the courts and paying the
county bus drivers who will
drive 120 Metro buses (to the
mass)," Glickman said.
"I very consciously made it
(the committee) not all Jews,"
Glickman added. "We don't
see this as a Jewish issue. We
see this as our constitution
which we ne*-d to protect."
DIFFERENT members,
however, admit they have
specific areas, of concern.
Christos Tzanetakof is direc-
tor of the Florida Chapter of
the Society of Separationists.
"Religiously speaking, we are
all atheists, we don't believe in
God," he said. Why is the
group involved?
"The federal, state and local
government all make a
mockery of the constitution by
their actions regarding the
Pope," Tzanetakof said.
"Spending four million of tax-
flayers money for a religious
eader is unconstitutional.
Closing our schools to accom-
modate the Pope has been
"Erecting a 100-foot cross
on state-owned university pro-
perty is unconstitutional,
allocating 70 percent of our
police force is unconstitu-
tional, closing our courts to ac-
commodate the Pope is
president of the Dade County
National Organization for
Women, represents another
concern. In Dade County and
in other cities where the Pope
is scheduled to visit, the clinics
which perform abortions have
received letters threatening
their security if they remain
open on the days of the papal
visit, she said.
"In other words, they want
to stop abortion. That's not
constitutional," said
Bohnsack-Lee. "We've been
told $1.5 million will be
allocated from the state for
security. And that security is
not to protect the Pope but to
protect the people. NOW
wants to be sure that included
among those people who need
protection are the clinics and
the people who need
protection. '
Barbara Levinson, a com-
mittee member and ACLU
board member, said her
organization would have
sought legal relief if the school
buses were used but that that
now appears to be a dead
issue. There is nothing else on
the surface that appears
wrong from a legal standpoint,
but it is still too early to make
a forecast, she said.
"ONE BUDGET item I'd be
looking at with scrutiny is
employees of the county who
are used, for example, to sell
tickets for shuttle buses at the
county courthouse. I think
budget items of that nature
would be questionable."
Santiago Leon, an attorney
and member of the Protestant
Church, said he was asked to
examine the placement of the
Continued on 6-
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Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, August 28, 1987
Trudeau Asked To Explain
Opposition to Nazis' Prosecution
By JTA Sctt
MONTREAL A prominent Canadian Jewish leader called
Friday on former Premier Pierre Elliott Trudeau to explain
"why he opposes prosecution of Nazi war criminals living in
Frank Dimant, executive vice president of B'nai B'rith
Canada, said in a statement here that it is time to end "the great
Canadian cover-up" of Nazi war criminals, and let the public
know what was done to find and prosecute suspected Nazis.
Trudeau has been accused by Alti Rodal, author of a semi-
secret report on Canada's immigration policy, that he privately
vetoed taking legal action against suspected Nazi war criminals
in Canada.
WASHINGTON A former consultant to the National
Security Council who first explored the possibility of making
contact with Iranian officials that eventually led to the nation-
wide scandal, said Friday that Iran initiated the proposal to buy
arms from the United States.
Michael Ledeen, speaking before the Heritage Foundation, a
conservative think-tank, greatly downplayed Israel's role in the
Iran arms sales. He said the Israel government was deeply divid-
ed over the advisability of selling arms, and simply served as a
conduit for the U.S.
"Israel did, as far as I know, what we asked them to do.
Israel had no leverage over the United States in this matter. It's
hard to imagine that they could have any. Iran is a serious
geopolitical issue for us (the U.S.), and would be a serious issue
for us with or without Israel," said Ledeen, who testified closed-
door before the Senate-House committees investigating the
Iran/Contra affair.
LONDON A public reading of the controversial Holocaust
play, "Perdition," was given Monday in Edinburgh, Scotland.
British playwright Jim Allen's work caused a widely
reported controversy in January, when it was pulled from per-
formance at the Royal Court Theatre here two days before its
premiere. It also has been rejected by other theaters here, in
Dublin, Edinburgh and Manchester.
Leading historians slammed it as a travesty of the truth and
a malicious piece of anti-Zionist propaganda like that peddled for
many years by the Soviet Union.
The author has dismissed most of the criticisms, and blames
the controversy on the power of the Zionist "establishment."
The play bases its allegation of Zionist-Nazi collaboration on
an idiosyncratic interpretation of desperate attempts by Jewish
leaders to "buy" lives in Hungary in exchange for trucks and
other material needed by the Germans.
NEW YORK Three Jewish Defense League leaders who
pleaded guilt}- last Thursday (Aug. 13) to federal charges in con-
nection with terrorist bombings face up to 20 years' imprison-
ment and $25,000 in fines.
The three, all New Yorkers, are Victor Vancier, who said he
resigned as JDL national chairman in November, and Jay Cohen
and Murray Young. JDL board members. They are free on $1
million bond each.
A fourth defendant. Sharon Katz of New York, could spend
three years in prison and pay a $5,000 fine after pleading guilty
to carrying a teargas bomb into a Sept. 2 performance at Lincoln
Center here of a Soviet troupe, the Moiseyev Dance Company.
Four thousand spectators were evacuated, and 20 were injured.
She is free on $100,000 bond.
The other three admitted responsiblity for at least five other
bombings over the past three years and a scam to divert to JDL
money raised ostensibly on behalf of New York Gov. Mario
Monthly Consumer Index Rises
Nobel Laureate Elie Wiesel (left) in Brazil to
receive the Grand Cross of the Ordem
Cruzeiro do Sul, the highest civilian honor
conferred by the Brazilian government, meets
with Paulo Tarso Flecha de Lima, Acting
Foreign Minister. Wiesel also addressed
Brazil's Constitutional Assembly and confer-
red urith President Jose Sarney. (Right) is
Rabbi Henry I. Sobel of Congregacao Israelita
Paulista of Sao Paulo, the largest synagogue
in Latin America, who was Wiesel's host in
In Brazil
Wiesel Defines Favorite Constitution
Characterizing the Bible as
his favorite constitution.''
Elie Wiesel urged the
Brazilian people to adopt a
democratic constitution that
would reflect scriptural values.
including respect for human
rights, concern for the poor
and defenseless and
door to those in need of i
The monthly consumer price
index rose only 0.2 percent
during July. The official
figure, released Friday, was
much less than government
and independent analysts had
predicted. The Central Bureau
of Statistics attributed the low
inflation rate to substantial
drops in the prices of fruit and
vegetables, and of clothing,
during July. The July figure
means that employers will not
have to pay a cost-of-living in-
crement until at least
o South Broward
C Ml
Hw OMb* 1 Nm 190 ME. SM St. Han. Fta. JJi Phona i~in-a
JTA. Am. TVS \eA. AJTA. aaal FTk
r>iday. August 28,1987 3 ELUL 5747
Volume 17 Number 20
"Give a haven to those who
feel alienated from their
former world." he said, ad-
ding: "A society is judged by
its attitude towards
Wiesel, here to receive the
Grand Cross of the Order of
the Southern Cross highest
civilian medal awarded by the
Brazilian government made
his remarks Monday (Aug. 10)
government officials charged
with creating a new constitu-
tion for the country, which is
making the transition from
military rule to democracy.
THE AWARD, presented
by Abren Sodre. Brazil's
Foreign Minsiter. was given to
Wiesel for his contributions to
international peace. While in
Brasilia, the contry's capital,
the Nobel Peace Prize reci-
gient also met Monday with
razilian President Jose
Sarney and other government
officials and dignitaries.
Rabbi Henry Sobel. spiritual
leader of the Congregacao
Israelita Paulista in Sao Paulo,
largest Jewish congregation in
Latin America, accompanied
Wiesel during his three-day
visit to Brazil. The Nobel
laureate is a guest of the con-
?;regation and the Con-
ederacao Israelilta do Brasil.
the central body of the
Brazilian Jewish community,
which is affiliated with the
World Jewish Congress.
Sobel pointed out that Brazil
was the "largest Catholic
country in the world" with
some 117 million Catholics
and that leading Catholic
Rrelates would be greeting the
iobel laureate. "Mr. Wiesel s
visit," he said, "will
strengthen efforts to build
Catholic-Jewish understan-
ding in Brazil and, because he
is so identified with Israel, will
also focus sympathetic atten-
tion on Israel's role as a free
and democratic nation in the
Middle East."
Earlier this year, a commis-
sion of 10 Catholic and Jewish
leaders headed by Sobel issued
a 187-page "Guide for a
Catholic-Jewish dialogue in
IN HIS address to the Con-
stitutional Congress, Wiesel
noted that "as a son of the
Jewish people, I view Scrip-
ture as the most eloquent
moral code of behavior for na-
tions, groups and individuals
He said that as a Jew his ex-
perience made him aware of
perils that could threaten any
society as well as of "hopes
that must be offered to any in-
dividual anywhere." He urged
the Brazilian leaders to view
their projected constitution
not as a contract but as a
"covenant between govern-
ment and the citizens."
No people, he said, is
superior or inferior to another,
and no nation is holier than
another. "No religion," he ad-
ded, "is closer to truth or to
God the source of truth
than another." Racism, Wiesel
pointed out, "is sinful and
ethnic discrimination
Praising Brazil as a nation
that has been immune to
racism, he also urged the rejec-
tion of religous fanaticism as a
course that "leads to hate, not
to salvation, just as political
extremism begets hostility,
not security."
HE ALSO urged that the
country speak up for Soviet
Jews "whose only desire is to
join their families in Israel...
Speak up for dissidents
everywhere who use non-
violent methods to obtain
freedom for themselves and
their friends,'' Wiesel said.
"Based on the moral im-
peratives that would be part of
your constitution, adopt a
policy of interference in other
countries' affairs when human
rights are violated and when
peace is in danger."
Tuesday night (Aug. 11) ad-
dressed Sobers congregation
at the Sao Paulo synagogue.
More than 5,000 persons, in-
cluding government officials
and Catholic church,
dignitaries, attended.
Brazil's 150,000 Jews make
up the second largest Jewish
community in Latin America.
Only Argentina's Jewish
population is larger. In Brazil,
relations between the Jewish
community and the Catholic
Church are marked by
"theological and political sen-
sitivity, commitment and vi-
sion," according to Sobel.
Where could one take a ritual
bath in 1937 in Ohio's largest
city? The answer to that and
other questions is now more
convenient than usual to find
with the publication in paper-
back of Lloyd Gartner's
"History of the Jews of
The hardcover edition,
published in 1978, had been
out-of-print for more than five
years, according to the
Cleveland Jewish News. Both
editions cover local Jewish
history from 1840-1945.
The softcover edition, con-
taining an enlarged index and
a few corrections, is published
by the American Jewish
History Center of the Jewish
Theological Seminary of
America and the Western
Reserve Historical Society, in
cooperation with the Jewish
Community Federation of

Friday, August 28, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 5
Loss in Jewish Identity
Intermarriage May Work for SomeBut
For Others, And the Experts, It Spells Failure
Jewish Floridian Staff Writer
The numbers vary greatly,
but about half of all interfaith
marriages take place break up,
meaning one out of every two
intermarriages will end in
divorce, according to Brooklyn
College's Sociology Prof. Egon
Divorce, Mayer said in an in-
terview with The Jewish Flori-
dian this week, "is most often
the result of marriages bet-
ween Jews and Christians
when there is no conversion.
When there is conversion, the
incidence of divorce is about
the same as it is for other
Jewish married couples."
Mayer is the author of "Love
and Tradition: Marriage Bet-
ween Jews and Christians," an
authoritative work in the field,
which he spent over 10 years
IN ADDITION to its inter
view with Prof. Mayer, The
Jewish Floridian also spoke ex-
tensively with couples in South
Florida who are intermarried.
In some cases, the apparent
harmony of a marriage was
based on the placement of a
Chanukah menorah next to a
Christmas tree. There were
those marriages, too, that sur-
vived because one of the part-
ners converted. Many of their
stories involved conflicts that
developed at the level of family
and friends, and over the issue
of how the children would be
Of the couples interviewed,
those whose marriages had not
survived their differences
would not speak for the
specify their reasons for com-
ing in for counseling"' when
they have intermarriage pro-
blems, says Rose Chapman,
director of the Family and
Children Service Department
of Jewish Family Services in
"They'll call because they're
having communications pro-
blems, or extended family pro-
blems, or money problems.
But during counseling, the in-
terfaith issue inevitably comes
"My guess is that, very
often, for the people who
marry out of their faith, it's
not an acceptable situation,
and the family is usually not
approving. If they call and say
they have an interfaith pro-
blem, it's almost like the fami-
ly said, 'I told you so.' "
Of the interfaith couples in-
terviewed whose marriages
have lasted, religion was never
a factor which could be
JOEL AND Cornelia Rap-
poport, of Miami, say their
marriage remains strong after
15 years even though he has
remained Jewish, and she has
remained Protestant. Religion
is a strong element in their in-
termarriage for each, and it
survives because both have
learned to accommodate to
each other's deep convictions.
Joel, vice president of cor-
porate communications for
Chase Federal Savings and
Loan Association, remembers
that his father sent him a let-
ter when he learned that his
son was marrying a Protestant
college sweetheart.
THE LETTER said that
Joel didn't realize what he was
getting himself into, and that
somewhere down the road it
was going to haunt him. Joel
recalls that his mother hadn't
been too concerned. "She saw
us as being two people in
love," Joel explains.
"It is one thing to try to live
up to your parent's expecta-
tions, and then there comes a
point where you have to live
for yourself and not for your
parents," Joel says of his deci-
sion to marry. "It was a tough
decision, but not a decision I
Joel, who was a student at
the University of Florida at
the time, called a rabbi in
Gainesville, but the rabbi said
he would not perform the
ceremony. So Joel and Cor-
nelia were married by a notary
at the college dormitory.
THEY SAY they both mov-
ed away from their respective
religious backgrounds. Joel
began to distance himself from
Judaism after his Bar Mitzvah.
"Eventually, I got to the point
where I considered myself
ethnically Jewish but not
religiously Jewish," he admits.
For Cornelia, a freelance
claims adjuster, the break with
tradition came when she was
at college at about age 20.
"I was tasting my first
freedom from home and other
rigid strictures. I was just
totally controlled at home
about what I would do and
where I would go," she says.
ONE DAY, after Joel and
Cornelia talked about getting
married, Cornelia casually ask-
ed Joel if he would ever
"He stopped the car and
pulled over, and he looked at
me. He couldn't believe what I
was saving, and he said, 'Are
you kidding me?'
"That was the first indica-
tion I had that there was a
wide gap between us in a
religious sense. But it didn't
intimidate me because when
you're young and in love you
think you can surmount
anything," Cornelia recalls.
Cornelia says the argument
about religion continued into
their marriage, but it wasn't
about Judaism versus
"We argued about whether
or not there is a God. He
couldn't believe in the ex-
istence of God, whereas I cer-
tainly did, and he was totally
against having a Christmas
tree or any other semblence of
religious life in the house,"
says Cornelia.
"IT BOTHERED me every
Christmas because here I was,
used to having Christmas
trees, carrolling the whole
thing and then all of a sud-
den it wasn't allowed," Cor-
nelia admits. "The reason I
went along with it was that I
felt his need for not having it
in the house was greater than
my need for having it."
Joel and Cornelia agree that
the issue came to a head when
their daughter, Claire, was
born four and a half years ago.
"As much as I'd say I'm not
religious anymore, and I don't
care if our daughter is not rais-
ed Jewish, I would care very
much if she were raised
something else," says Joel.
THE COUPLE came to
what Cornelia calls a very
"mature agreement," that
their daughter would learn
about both religions.
Joel says his two sisters, who
both married Jewish men, are
now divorced. He asserts that
his father has come a long way
in his thinking.
"My father realizes Cornelia
is just a wonderful person, and
religion doesn't enter the pic-
ture. He realized marrying
within the religion is not
necessarily a ticket to life-long
happiness," says Joel.
In this same regard, Prof.
Mayer told the Jewish Flori-
dian that it is important that if
people do intermarry that they
don't settle for "simple-
minded, smug solutions such
as love will conquer all or that
religion doesn't matter.
Because, in fact, love does not
conquer all, and religion does
matter, even if you're not
One of the great fears about
intermarriage is that Jews will
suffer a demographic decline.
Bernard Kantrowitz and
daughter Johanne.
vys Prof. Egon
Mayer, renowned
Brooklyn College
sociologist: 'It is a
given thai
intermarriage is not
recommended for
Jewish reasons as
well as psychological
reasons. It is more
desireable that people
who marry come
from similar social
backgrounds and
cultures. *
A real problem, Mayer adds, is
that in trying to cope with the
potential threat, the different
movements in Judaism have
developed different methods
of coping, which has produced
conflict among the various
Then there are the related
problems of tension within the
Jewish family because, Mayer
says, intermarriage does
create conflict between adult
children and their parents and
a fear of their possible decline
in their support for Israel.
MAYER CITES the case of
an Italian-Jewish couple. The
wife was Catholic, the hus-
band, Jewish. The Italian fami-
ly was much more demanding,
Mayer reports. They had an
expectation that their
daughter's offspring be
The Jewish side of the family
wanted the child, a boy, cir-
cumcised. The couple couldn't
delay the decision to circum-
cise the child (the ceremony
takes place eight days after
birth), but the wife kept wan-
ting to have the child baptized
as well.
Says Mayer, "As far as I can
tell, that was the trigger for
pointing up the difference bet-
ween the two of them. Even-
tually they ended up getting
divorced. I can't say that they
got divorced over that issue
that would be foolish. But that
particular issue became the
trigger for highlighting dif-
ferences between husband and
wife which they just couldn't
themselves a big favor if they
recognize their differences
before marriage rather than
try to bury the reality of their
differences, as they often do,
Mayer contends.
Burying differences can
work fine in the initial stage of
courtship when romance is at
its peak, but eventually the dif-
ferences will come out, he
Dolores and Bernard Kan-
trowitz of Perrine say their
23-year interfaith marriage
began with an agreement on
various religious issues before
they took their wedding vows.
BERNARD, 62, owner of an
export company, came from an
Orthodox family including a
grandfather who was a rabbi.
He experienced anti-Semitism
and remembers one bar and
grill in Wichita Fall, Tex.
which had a sign on it: "No
Jews and dogs allowed."
Just as Bernard's New York
neighborhood was Jewish,
Dolores' was Catholic, and
mixed marriages, she said,
Continued on Page 8-

Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, August 28, 1987
Florida Reacts
To Spiraling Cost of Pope's Visit in Miami
Continued from Page 3
cross on FIU property.
"What you're talking about
is putting up an enormous
religious symbol on public pro-
perty. It looks very much like
FIU is embracing and endors-
ing the principles of Christiani-
ty," Leon said.
There is another area that no
one can really figure out what
to do with, Leon said: FIU is
shutting down its campus for
the day that the papal mass
will be held.
"THERE ARE a lot of peo-
ple who work at FIU, and they
are going to be given an in-
voluntary day off without pay.
They've got the opportunity to
make it up in that pay period
by working extra days. On the
other hand, if you had FIU pay
them for that day, that could
cause a problem too because it
would look like FIU is suppor-
ting religion."
When the day of the papal
mass is over, Dade County
businesses should realize much
money from tourism, and mer-
chants should do well selling
papal paraphernalia, as well as
everything from hot dogs to
ice cream.
And part of the problem that
is leading to the expensive
security and manpower situa-
tion is the interest of members
of various faiths in seeing the
Pope during the papal parade
and mass that is expected to
draw between 300,000 and
500,000 participants, if traffic
will allow that many to con-
gregate at one time.
Says Friedman: "I do not
believe that we are unable to
Peres, Rabin
Reject Deal
To Resolve
Taba Dispute
Foreign Minister Shimon
Peres and Defense Minister
Yitzhak Rabin have rejected
an American compromise pro-
posal to resolve the Israeli-
Egyptian border dispute over
Taba, and decided to continue
with international arbitration
in Geneva.
Under the U.S. proposal,
submitted to Jerusalem and
Cairo three months ago, Egypt
would be given sovereignty
over the whole area while
Israel would be granted full
and more or less free access to
the Taba re^
THE PRO. \L also pro-
vides for som of continu-
ing Israeli ou. ihip of the
Sonesta Hotel and the Rafi
Nelson "village" at the site.
The Israeli leaders and their
advisers are believed to feel
that Israel has sufficiently
good case to warrant going on
to international arbitration.
Israe papers say that
Premie? Yitzhak Shamir has
not bee consulted about the
American proposals but is
understood to be "open to
compromise but it depends
on what sort of compromise."
have a successful papal visit
that is compatible with the
separation of church and state.
I don't think those two things
are incompatible. I don't see a
reason for those two things to
come into conflict as long as
we are vigilant."
Still, Rep. Friedman says
priorities seem to have gone
somewhat awry over the papal
visit. Friedman said he propos-
ed a bill providing $4.3 million
for the homeless, and it got
knocked down to $1 million.
The state appropriation for the
Pope began at under half a
million and ended up at $1.5
That the state money is go-
ing for papal security is not an
area of contention, the
legislator said. What bothers
him, though, is that the
legislative process was duck-
ed. When the papal expen-
diture was discussed on the
floor it was under $500,000.
"THE LAST night of the
session when the final budppt.
was given to us at 4 a.m., I saw
that the Pope's budget had
become $1.5 million,,' Fried-
man said. "I cannot find who
requested it, so the process
gives me reason to be
somewhat concerned."
Friedman, a school teacher
who says he carries around a
copy of the Constitution in his
pocket, says there is no better
time to protect the constitu-
tion than during the years of
its 200th anniversary.
"I'm Jewish. It's clear to me
that Judaism benefits from
government's staying out.
Same for Catholicism. Govern-
ment leaves religion alone
that is the beauty of our
"If you don't assert it, you
can lose it. It's like every other
issue. You must learn from
history that vigilance is the
price you pay for freedom. It
applies to my history as a
Jewish citizen, and as a citizen
of the U.S."
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Friday, August 28, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 7
Jewish Women Are Being Prevented
From Religious Divorces
rule on Jewish marriage and
divorce laws, the Jewish
religious authorities could con-
tinue to avoid the problem.
"And they must not do so,
for the painful plight of the
agunah is a religious inequity,
and a religious inequity
demands a religious remedy."
NEW YORK Thousands
of observant Jewish women
are being prevented from get-
ting religious divorces,
sometimes by misfortunes of
fate but often by husbands who
withhold the divorce to extort
emotional or financial
As a result, these women
many of whom have received
civil divorces are, under
Jewish law, in legal limbo and
forbidden to remarry. If they
do, the religious law views
them as adulteresses and any
children of the remarriage as
Benite Gayle-Almeleh of the
American Jewish Committee,
the number of American
Jewish women now in this
situation "has reached crisis
proportions, with an estimated
15,000 women in New York
State alone in this
"This painful religious pro-
blem demands creative and im-
mediate action," said Gayle-
Almeleh, "and the responsibili-
ty for resolving it rests with
the rabbis. The Jewish com-
munity must insist that its own
rabbinic bodies explore all
possible avenues of remedy."
Gayle-Almeleh, who is a pro-
gram specialist in AJC's Inter-
religious Affairs Department
a^d coordinator of the depart-
ment's Women of Faith pro-
gram, spoke on Jewish
religious divorce at "An Inter-
national Women's Conference
and Market Place" this week
in Philadelphia.
Philadelphia Mayor's Commis-
sion for women, the con-
ference was part of the
Bicentennial Celebration of
the Constitution. Gayle-
Almeleh spoke at a session on
"The Roles of Religion,
Custom, and Tradition in Ad-
vancing or Inhibiting the Legal
Rights of Women."
Outlining the background of
the problem, Gayle-Almeleh
explained that under Jewish
law, a divorce can be initiated
only by the husband, and is not
final until he hands his wife a
bill of divorcement (in Hebrew,
a get) in the presence of two
witnesses and a rabbinic court
(Bet Din). Hence, if the hus-
band is unavailable, negligent,
or deliberately recalcitrant,
the wife can be prevented from
obtaining the get.
Throughout the centuries,
said Gayle-Almeleh, rabbis
'have not been insensitive to
the inequities of Biblical
divorce law, and the Talmudic
and post-Talmudic literature
give numerous instances of
rabbinic action aimed at
tempering the one-sidedness
of Biblical law."
FOR EXAMPLE, she said,
a wife who asserted that her
husband was not meeting his
marital obligations could pre-
sent her case to the rabbinic
court. If the court found her
claim justified, it could, in the
small, closed Jewish societies
of past years, apply economic
or social sanctions as a means
of coercing the husband to
grant the divorce.
"Considerable rabbinic ef-
fort," she continued, "has
been aimed at the creation of
various legal fictions to get
around the dictum that only a
man has the right to divorce.
Nevertheless, in the final
analysis, a divorce is never
granted by a Bet Din in the
absence of, or without the con-
sent of, the husband. Hence,
the divorce procedure can be
made a vehicle for extortion
and abuse; there have been
countless cases where
husbands have withheld the get
out of vindictiveness or
laziness, or as a way of getting
the wife to meet exhorbitant
financial demands.
"There have also been
countless cases where the get
could not be granted because
the husband had deserted the
wife, or was missing but not
proven dead, or was insane.
reason, if an observant Jewish
woman is neither living with
her husband nor divorced ac-
cording to Jewish law, she is in
legal limbo. She is called an
agunah, or anchored wife, and
is not free to remarry, since
without the get&ny further sex-
ual union would be adulterous,
and any children born to the
union considered mamzerim,
or bastards. Such children are
forbidden to marry other
Jews, and to this day they
carry a terrible social stigma."
Over the years, she related,
rabbis have explored a number
of "legal loopholes aimed at
enabling the agunah to
remarry," but no one solution
has been universally adopted.
However, she said, a resolu-
tion recently passed by the
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New York Board of Rabbis
"could serve as a model for
other communities and be of
great potential impact."
said, calls upon all members of
the Board to apply sanctions
through the denial of member-
ship privileges and all com-
munal honors to any former
spouse who refuses to par-
ticipate in the get process when
there has been a civil divorce
and the other spouse wants a
religious divorce as well. The
resolution also recommends
that all rabbis urge couples to
sign a prenuptial agreement
saying that in the event of civil
divorce, both partners will
cooperate in arranging for a
"This is the first time that
any rabbinic body that includes
all movements of Judaism has
gone on record on such a
religiously sensitive subject,
and those of us who share their
concern must work to see their
action replicated across the
Turning to another modern
aspect of the get problem, Ms.
Gayle-Almeleh pointed out
that New York State had
recently enacted legislation
saying that a Jewish husband
who had filed for civil divorce
must also grant his wife a
religious divorce if she wanted
AMONG THE problems
with this legislation (which
could possibly be enacted in
other states), said Ms. Gayle-
Almeleh, are that the constitu-
tionality of the law has been
questioned that "time-
consuming and costly litiga-
tion is an unacceptable route
for many women," and that
"we must' weigh carefully
whether it is desirable or wise
to subject Jewish law to the
legal systems and judicial in-
terpretations of 50 separate
But, cautioned Ms. Gayle-
Almeleh, "there is a more im-
portant flaw in such legisla-
tion, and that is that as long as
secular legislatures and courts
Wiesel Says He's Considering
Papal Invitation to Vatican
Wiesel said Thursday (Aug.
13) that he is "seriously con-
sidering" a long-standing in-
vitation from the Vatican to
meet privately with Pope John
Paul II later this month and
will probably accept. Wiesel
said he would decide on the
meeting within a week.
Wiesel said that he received
the invitation weeks ago,
before any discussion arose of
a meeting between other
Jewish leaders and the Pope at
the Vatican.
The Pope has invited a
delegation of five Jewish
religious leaders to meet with
him in Rome on Sept. 1.
Wiesel's meeting, should he
accept the offer, would be
prior to Sept. 1.
WIESEL SAID he will not
represent any delegation or
organization in his meeting
with the Pope but will be
speaking to him as a private
Wiesel has been critical of
the Pope's granting of an au-
dience on June 25 to Austrian
President Kurt Waldheim, ac-
cused of complicity in Nazi war
crimes. But Wiesel has also
censured Pope John Paul II for
misinterpreting the Holocaust
by denying its uniqueness as a
Jewish tragedy. Instead, the
Pope has acknowledged that
Jews suffered more than other
peoples but consistently
stresses the Catholic victims of
Wiesel said he would discuss
his view of the Holocaust
among other issues with the
Pope but refused to elaborate
on a possible agenda. He said
he hopes the meeting will be
private and the discussion will
remain a secret.
THE VATICAN had arrang-
ed a meeting between the
Pope and Jewish religious
leaders on Sept. 11 in Miami
during his visit to America.
After the Pope's audience with
Waldheim, however, many of
the Jewish groups scheduled
to participate in the meeting
withdrew in protest.
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Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, August 28, 1987
A Loss in Jewish Identity
Intermarriage May Work for Some
But For Others, And the
Experts, It Spells Failure
Continued from Page 5
were virtually unheard of.
They ended up getting married
in a judge's chambers in Arl-
ington, Va.
Bernard's parents were
dead when he got married.
Dolores, 47, said her parents
"were not thrilled, but they
never made him feel like he
wasn't wanted or loved."
An agreement was made at
the outset that there would not
be any arguments about
religion, that each would
respect the other's religion,
Dolores says.
ple made an agreement that if
the first child was a boy, all the
children would be raised in the
Jewish faith. "I used to go to
synagogue all the time with
my parents, and I wanted so-
meone to carry on my name,"
he says.
But the couple had two girls,
Johanne and Jennifer. When
they were young, they went to
Catholic school, and, according
to Dolores, "were just as com-
fortable in the church as they
were in the synagogue."
Jennifer, now 18, is struggl-
ing within herself over the
issue of religion.
"I'd always been raised
Catholic except that I was
always part of the Jewish
religion also," Jennifer told
the Jewish Floridian. "I was
introduced to both religions
equally, but I was still con-
sidered being Catholic because
I've been baptized."
DOLORES despite her own
religion, got a job working
with Hillel as an ad-
ministrative assistant, and
found out about a study pro-
gram in Israel. She sent Jen-
nifer there for a semester of
"That's when I really
started doubting the Catholic
faith," Jennifer says. "Now I
have a question in my mind of
what I want to be. My parents
have been good to me, and
they haven't tried to persuade
me either way. So now it's
really up to me what I want to
do. Now I think I'm going to
convert and become Jewish."
Jennifer says that in her house
the family will celebrate both
Passover and Easter. "We'll
have a menorah next to the
Christmas tree," she says.
"We really have the best of
both worlds. I feel like I'm a
well-rounded person. I have an
understanding of two religions
now, some people only have an
understanding of their own
Gauging the number of in-
termarriages in the United
States is difficult because the
U.S. Census is not permitted
to ask questions about religion,
according to Larry Grossman,
a program specialist with the
American Jewish Committee's
National Jewish Family
Center in New York.
estimates will range from 20 to
30 percent of Jews who are
married to non-Jews,
Grossman said, adding that
the divorce rate for mixed
religion couples is indeed
higher than for same-religion
"Even if neither partner is
particularly religious in the
sense of praying or ritual,
there are all sorts of cultural
aspects of being brought up a
Christian or a Jew, such as
having a Christmas tree,
asserts Grossman.
Increasingly, he says, there
has been a tendancy for the
non-Jewish partner to convert
to Judaism, which was very
rare years ago. This is partly
because there is a general
decline in anti-Semitism, and
Judaism as a religion is looked
up to and admired.
"WE HAVE done several
studies which indicate in inter-
marriages if the non-Jewish
spouse converts, the
Jewishness of the children
seems to be just about the
same as the Jewishness of the
children of two Jewish
parents," Grossman says.
"If the non-Jewish spouse
doesn't convert, it's very
unlikely that the children will
identify Jewishly. For this
reason there's been a great in-
terest in the Jewish communi-
ty to encourage non-Jewish
spouses to convert to Judaism,
which is not that easy, because
Jews have a tradition of not
trying to convert people into
Stephen Rogers and his
wife, Mary, of Miami, have
been married for almost six
years. Stephen, a CPA, was
bom and raised Jewish. Mary,
a registered nurse, was raised
as a Roman Catholic but has
since converted to Judaism.
The couple met at an airport.
They were waiting for people
to come off the same flight.
Stephen struck up a conversa-
tion and asked Mary if he could
call her and take her out. A
year later, they married.
STEPHEN, 36, says his
parents "were both very hap-
py that I found someone I lov-
ed. They would think hap-
piness is more important than
just finding someone who is
Jewish. But they were both
very delighted that Mary was
But conversion had not
become important until Mary
became pregnant.
"We had decided before we
were married that we would
raise our children Jewish. I
was pretty insistent on that."
Stephen gets philosophical
about that issue.
Today's society is losing the
unity of the family, he says. He
blames that in part on drifting
from the traditions of organiz-
ed religion.
"THE FIRST thing we
decided," Stephen says, "is
that we needed a religion for
the family." And for Stephen,
it was "just impossible" to
believe in anything but
Judaism. The decision must
not have been easy for Mary,
Stephen believes. "This is a
step that I love her very much
"It's my personal belief,"
Stephen says, "that in order
for Judaism to survive, par-
ticularly in the American
culture, there has to be some
line drawn as to the degree of
assimilation we go through,
and this includes intermar-
riage. You have children not
brought up under any par-
ticular religion, and then
Judaism will not be followed
by their children."
Mary, 39, says her mother
was a Protestant who con-
verted to Catholicism upon her
own marriage to a Roman
Catholic. Her mother told her
she would have converted to
whatever religion her husband
had for the sake of the
MARY AGREES with the
old adage: "The family who
prays together, stays
Mary went through an
18-week conversion class at
Temple Judea under the
auspices of the Union of
Hebrew American
"When I started my conver-
sion class, the one thing I
believed is that I will have a
problem if I have to renounce
the Roman Catholic faith. But
he (the rabbi) said that wasn't
necessary. It wasn't a question
of renouncing; it was just a
decision to follow Judaism,"
Mary says.
College's Mayer, many inter-
marriages occur as a second
marriage. In the case of Mary
Rogers, she had been married
before she met Stephen and
said that she was not permit-
ted to get married again in the
Roman Catholic Church, which
does not recognize divorce.
Intermarriage, says Mayer,
does not spell the end of the
line in Jewish identity. A great
deal depends on what the
Jewish partner wants as a
Jew, and often it is the Jewish
partner who determines
whether children of the inter-
marriage will be raised as a
Synagogues and agencies
have become more
sophisticated in providing pro-
grams for people who are in-
termarried, as well as for
parents involved in
"People do care about their
parents, people also care about
their future children," accor-
ding to Mayer. "And no mat-
ter how much one loves a hus-
band or wife, one would like to
provide a home for children
that is relatively harmonious.
And differences in religious
background," Mayer says,
"can cause conflict, and the
concern is real."
married Toni, who was
Catholic. They raised their
daughter Jewish, although
Oscar and Linda Ferguson III (left), son-in-law and daughter of
Ann and Tony Fernandez (right). Both parents and daughter are
Toni did not convert, but their
daughter also married a non-
Ann and Tony, of Kendall,
have been married 27 years.
Ann is president of the
Horizon's Chapter of B'nai
B'rith Women and works as a
secretary/treasurer in her hus-
band's garment-cutting plants.
Ann's first marriage to a
Jewish man when she was 18
didn't work out. She met Tony
when he came into her father's
grocery store in Miami.
"MY PARENTS never en-
couraged me one way or the
other," Ann recalls. "I never
had religious training. Tony
had no religious background,
and he wanted to join my
BUT WHEN their grown
daughter announced that she
was quitting college and mar-
rying a man from Mississippi,
Ann was alarmed.
"Neither my husband,
originally from Cuba, nor I
understood the background of
anyone from the deep south,
and we hadn't met the young
man when she sprang this on
When the couple met
daughter Linda's fiance Oscar,
they found he came from an
educated background. "But he
also admitted to us that he
knew nothing or cared nothing
about Linda's religious
background," Ann says. "He
only knew that he loved our
ANN SAYS she was "very,
very upset," when she found
out Oscar was not Jewish.
How could this be when she
married interfaith herself?
"It's not easy for someone to
understand, but I never felt
there was any threat to my
religious background or
religion when I married
Tony," says Ann.
"Tony agreed from the very
beginning to go along with
whatever religious beliefs I
had, because he had no
religious background. We both
believed in God, and that was
enough. We thought that our
love would be the kindling for
our entire future together."
Ann and Tony say they made
a beautiful wedding for their
daughter, and that Oscar pro-
mised the rabbi he would help
Linda raise their children to be
Jewish. The couple have not
had children yet.
Jewish is an agreement that a
Broward County couple made
before they married. David
Mogen, Lutheran, said he
would convert to his wife
Randy's religion, Judaism, if
the couple have children.
"It was a mutual agreement.
There's no pressure though,"
says David.
"At first, my parents wished
I would have married someone
Jewish, but as soon as they
met David they liked him very
Dolores Kantrowitz
daughter Jennifer.

much," recalls Randy.
"My parents are pretty
liberal-minded, and they want
to see me happy. They do insist
that if we have a child, the
child is to be brought up
Jewish. I definitely want the
child to be Jewish. I'd like him
to be exposed to a religion, and
then he can make a decision
later on.
"Sometimes now, I may feel
a little bit like why didn't I
marry a Jew, but then again
sometimes I think why didn't I
marry a doctor? It really didn't
have any bearing on whether I
married a Jew or a non-Jew. I
was brought up with -a wide
variety of people, different
cultures, different
backgrounds. Most of the peo-
ple I dated were not Jews.
"DURING A holiday, I
know David in his heart would
like to celebrate Christmas or
something like that, but he
doesn't because he knows my
feelings about it.
"Marriage," says Randy,
"has its ups and downs, like all
marriages. But none of it, at
least for us, is based on
religion. Every once in a while,
we talk about his conversion,
and I say I'd like to go with
him because I'd like to learn
more about my religion too.
His biggest excuse right now
for not converting is that he
doesn't have the time."
David, who, like Randy, is a
teacher, says: "My parents
were a little bit discouraged,
but they didn't come right out
and say it. They've accepted
her just like anyone else.
AS A YOUTH, David says
he was active in the church,
but eventually he "burned out.
As an adult, I just didn't want
anything to do with the church
and organized religion. I guess
because I was so programmed
by it at an ealy age."
David says Randy makes a
Passover holiday that he
rather enjoys.
"If I were to pick Christiani-
ty or Judaism," he says, "I'd
pick Judaism. I like the tradi-
tion, the history and the family
For the couples involved in
interfaith marriages who have
remained together, they say
the foundation has been
steadied by a mutual respect, a
discussion of their religious
differences before marriage,
and a decision on how their
children would be raised.
"Very happy" is the term
most used to refer to their
marriages as they stand today.
these apparent success stories,
Prof. Mayer warns those con-
templating intermarriage, "it
is a given that intermarriage is
not recommended for Jewish
reasons as well as
psychological reasons. It is
more desireable that people
who marry come from similar
social backgrounds and
Further, Mayer says, "to a
large extent, intermarriages
are second marriages. People
who have been divorced once
before are more likely to inter-
marry. That means that
they've already had an ex-
perience with divorce, which
means that if they now face
problems, be it around
childrearing, parental
pressure, money, sex,
whatever the problems are
that they face, because they
have gone through one ex-
perience of divorce they're
much more likely to get divorc-
ed again.
"I think what it all adds up
to from the point of Jewish
continuity, is that survival
really is in our own hands, as a
community and as in-
dividuals," and intermarriage
poses problems for that
New Zundel
Trial Slated
second trial of revisionist Ern-
st Zundel, previously convicted
of deliberately publishing lies
about the Holocaust, will com-
mence January 4, 1988.
A Canadian court in March,
1985 convicted Zundel, a Ger-
man native living in Canada, of
one count of wilfully
publishing false information
likely to cause racial or social
Zundel published a number
of books and pamphlets, in-
cluding "Did Six Million Really
Die?" which claimed that
Zionists invented the hoax of a
Holocaust to extort repara-
tions from post-war Germany.
He also claimed nobody had
seen Jews being gassed to
THE COURT sentenced
Zundel, 48, to 15 months' im-
prisonment and prohibited him
from publicly discussing the
Holocaust. Zundel appealed
the verdict and the Ontario
Court of Appeal later ordered
a new trial. The Supreme
Court of Canada refused to
hear an appeal of the Ontario
Court's decision.
Zundel's lawyer, Douglas
Christie, said the second trial
would take four to six months
and substantial new evidence
would be presented. Christie
claimed the court did not per-
mit him to present this
evidence to the jury in the first
It's Black man Again
Julius Blackman of San Fran-
cisco has been reelected presi-
dent of the Association of
Hebrew Free Loans.
Friday, August 28, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 9
U.S. Jews
Mount Opposition to Bork Okay
Continued from Page 1
the Bork nomination.
The National Jewish Coali-
tion has come out in support of
the nomination, maintaining
that Bork is "eminently
qualified" to serve on the court
and that "neither ideology nor
political opportunism should
prevent him from doing so."
David Coyne, executive
director of New Jewish Agen-
da, said he was "very en-
couraged" by Jewish opposi-
tion to Bork. He noted that a
year ago, during the nomina-
tion of Justice Antonin Scalia
and Chief Justice William
Rehnquist," the Jewish com-
munity was almost nowhere to
be found."
IRMA GETLER, president
of B'nai B'rith Women,. an
organization which did not op-
pose the two previous court
nominations, said her
members are showing an
unusual interest and concern
about the Bork appointment.
"As a Jewish women's
organization we felt compelled
to speak out in opposition to
Bork because he has spoken
out on many subjects affecting
women and Jews on which we
are on record," said Getler.
But sources are saying that
other Jewish groups will have
to oppose Bork if the Jewish
community is going to have an
impact on the nomination. The
Washington Jewish Week
recently reported that three
Jewish Senators invited
several Jewish organizations
to send representatives to a
closed-door meeting to urge
them to take a stand on this
Sen. Alan Cranston (D.,
Calif), reportedly told them
that by opposing Bork, Jewish
groups could show that they
are interested in issues besides
Israel. Sens. Carl Levin (D.,
Mich.) and Howard Metzen-
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baum (D., Ohio) also reported-
ly attended the meeting.
Rabbi David Saperstein, ex-
ecutive director of the
UAHC's Religious Action
Center, said that some
Senators who will be swing
votes on the Bork nomination
could be influenced by the
Jewish community's stand on
this issue.
"I THINK what the Jewish
community does is going to
send a profound signal rippling
through the Senate that may
well determine the outcome of
this battle," he added.
But some Jewish organiza-
tions invited to the meeting
are still debating whether to
oppose the nomination and say
they might decide to remain
neutral. The Anti-Defamation
League of B'nai B'rith is cur-
rently reviewing Bork's deci-
sions and writings.
"We're just trying to be ob-
jective about it. That's why
they're having a hearing. Why
have a hearing if everyone's
taken a position on this?" said
David Brody, ADL
Washington representative.
The American Jewish Com-
mittee has a tradition of not
commenting on Supreme
Court and Cabinet nomina-
tions which are presidential
prerogatives, explained David
Harris, the group's
Washington representative.
But he added: "We'll be wat-
ching the hearings closely, and
we reserve the right to
Family Roots
Dutch Jews eager to trace
their family roots have
welcomed the establishment of
a Dutch Society for Jewish
Genealogy in this city. More
than 150 persons visited its of-
fice here on its first day of
afcv SiieM efcwm
Com* ZW&&*
SEPT. 23-OCT. 4 porpereon
Imagine water that tastes fresh
and clear as a spring. Water
without sodium, pollutants, or
cartjonabon Water with nothing
added, nothing taken away. "rhat's
water the way K should taste
Thais fresh, pure Mountain VaHey
Water...from a natural spring in
Hot Springs, Arkansas. Taste it.
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first time.
Purely for drinking.

Page 10 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, August 28, 1987
Temple Update
Jewish Center
Rabbi Carl Klein Elected To
Bar-Ilan University Global
At its annual meeting in July
of the Global Board of
Trustees of Bar-Ilan Universi-
ty in Ramat-Gan, Israel, Dr.
Carl Klein, Rabbi of the
Hallandale Jewish Center, was
unanimously elected a member
of the Global Board of the
University for a three-year
This past summer Rabbi
Klein participated at the
Board meetings in Israel, as
well as in the dedications of
the Mathematics and Com-
puter Center donated by the
well-known Abe Spiegel and
his family of Los Angeles, and
the Cancer Research Center
donated by Mr. and Mrs. Ar-
nold Finkler of Toronto in
memory of their daughter.
Internationally Known
Cantor Joins Hallandale
Jewish Center Staff Sept. 1
The Hallandale Jewish
Center announces that Cantor
Joseph Gross has joined its
permanent staff and will
assume his post on Sept. 1 per-
forming all the synagogue's
liturgical duties.
Now a permanent resident
of the City of Hallandale, Can-
tor Gross and his family have
recently arrived from Mon-
treal where he served for the
past 13 years as Cantor of
Congregation Shaar
Hashomiyam. In prior years he
served as Cantor of the Con-
course Center of Israel in
Bronx, N.Y. and the Lincoln
Park Jewish Center in
Yonkers, N.Y.
Cantor Gross has served as
President and Vice President
of the Cantorial Council of
Greater Montreal, conducted
many workshops for Cantors
and lectured for adult educa-
tion programs. He has also
trained and conducted
synagogue choirs. A
distinguished author of many
cantorial compositions, he
wrote "A Bat Mitzvah
Prayer" for the Chief Rab-
binate of Israel.
His extensive musical
background includes rigorous
training at the Third Street
Music Settlement School, New
York City, the McGill Univer-
sity, Faculty of Music, and
Concordia University in
High Holy Days
Services in the Sanctuary
will be conducted by Dr. Carl
Klein, Rabbi, and Cantor
Joseph Gross as follows:
Erev Rosh Hashanah,
Wednesday, Sept. 23, at 6:30
First Day of Rosh Hashana,
Thursday, Sept. 24, at 8 a.m.
Second Day of Rosh
Hashanah, Friday, Sept. 25,
at 8 a.m.
Kol Nidre, Friday, Oct. 2, at
6:15 p.m.
Yom Kippur, Saturday, Oct.
3, services at 9 a.m.; Yizkor
Memorial Services at 11:30..
a.m.; Second Yizkor Memorial
Services at 3:30 p.m.; Neila
Services at 5:30 p.m.
The Chapel Services, to be
conducted by Kabbi Harold
Richter and Cantor Alfred J.
Pomeranz, will have the same
schedule as the Services in the
main Sanctuary. Rabbi Harold
Richter is Chaplain of the S.
Broward Jewish Federation,
and he and Cantor Pomeranz
are joining the staff for the
High Holy Days season.
All of the above services are
for ticket holders only with the
exception of the Second Yizkor
Memorial Service at 3:30 p.m.
which is open to the public and
no tickets will be required.
Non-member tickets will go
on sale Tuesday, Sept. 8. Call
the Temple Office at 454-9100
for information.
Women In Distress
Women In Distress of
Broward County, Inc., a full
service agency helping
families of domestic violence is
in need of volunteers in the
following areas; thrift store,
day care, crisis line,
For further information con-
tact Jenifer Gibson at
Temple Beth Shalom
Weekend service at Temple
Beth Shalom, 1400 North 46
Ave., Hollywood, will be con-
ducted by Rabbi Alberto
Cohen, Rabbi Nahum Simon,
assisted by Cantor Irving
Gold, chanting the liturgy.
Service begins at 5 p.m., Fri-
day, Aug. 21 and at 9 a.m. on
Saturday, Aug. 22. Alll wor-
shippers are welcome. Please
call 981-6113 regarding even-
ing services. Services
weekdays are at 7:30 a.m.
Stop at the Temple office
and pick up High Holy Day
tickets or call 981-6111 for in-
formation. All seats are
reserved and tickets are in-
cluded with Temple member-
ship. Tickets are also available
to non-members. The services
will be conducted by Dr. Mor-
ton Malavsky, spiritual leader
of Beth Shalom, assisted by
Cantor Gold, in the sanc-
tuary/ballroom area of the
Temple building. Services will
be held in school building for
children geared to their in-
terest and age level and tickets
are not needed for children at-
tending school building
Call the school office,
966-2200 for information
regarding registration for fall
term in all departments, in-
cluding Beth Shalom Academy
East and West, Hebrew
School and Sunday School.
Temple Sinai of
The Friday Evening Sabbath
Service on Aug. 28 will begin
at 8 p.m. in the Louis Zinn
Chapel. Arthur Marcus, Ex-
ecutive Director of the
Southeast Region of the State
of Israel Bonds and a member
of the Temple Sinai Board of
Governors, will be the Lay
Rabbi. On this Sabbath, the
Temple welcomes back Cantor
Misha Alexandrovich who will
officiate with Mr. Marcus.
Rhoda Marcus will bless the
Sabbath candles.
On Saturday morning, Aug.
29, the Sabbath Service will
begin at 9 a.m. in the Chapel
with Rabbi Richard J. Margolis
and Cantor Misha Alexan-
drovich officiating.
The Friday evening Sabbath
Service on Sept. 4, will begin
at 8 p.m. in the Louis Zinn
Chapel. Rabbi Richard J.
Margolis will return to the
pulpit, and he will officiate
with Cantor Alexandrovich.
On Saturday morning, Sept.
5, the Sabbath Service will
begin at 9 a.m. in the Chapel
with Rabbi Margolis and Can-
tor Alexandrovich officiating.
The Temple Sinai Young
Singles (ages 20-35) will hold a
Picnic on Sunday, Aug. 30 at
11 a.m. at West Lake Park,
1200 Sheridan St., Hollywood.
There will be a barbecue, soft-
ball, volleyball and other ac-
tivities to enjoy. Admission is
$5. For further information,
please call the Temple office.
Classes in the Paul B. Anton
Religious School of Temple
Sinai will begin on Tuesday,
Sept. 8 for grades Aleph
through Confirmation. Classes
begin at 4:30 p.m. Registra-
tions are now being accepted.
For more information, please
contact Sandra Ross, Educa-
tional Director of Temple Sinai
at 920-1577.
Membership in Temple Sinai
includes High Holy Day
tickets. Rosh Hashanah begins
on Wednesday, Sept. 23 and
continues through Friday,
Sept. 25. Kol Nidre is Friday
evening, Oct. 2, and Yom Kip-
pur is Saturday, Oct. 3. For in-
formation regarding member-
ship in Temple Smaj please call
the Temple office 9204577.
During the weekend of Sept.
11-13 over 50 of the B'nai B'rith
Youth Organization's top
Regional, Council and Chapter of-
ficers from throughout the state
of Florida will gather in Planta-
tion to conduct the Region's an-
nual Fall Executive Meeting. The
weekend will include a variety of
social, religious and educational
activities. For instance, the youth
will be conducting religious ser-
vices at the Ramat Shalom
synagogue on Friday evening and
Saturday morning. And on Satur-
day night they will join with other
members of the local area for an
Ice Skating Night at the Sunrise
Ice Rink. Along the way the youth
will also hold meetings and discus-
sions to steer the course of the
BBYO in Florida for the months
ahead. These meetings will be led
by this year's Regional
Presidents, Adam Silverman of
Tampa and Adrian Neiman of
Coral Springs.
The B'nai B'rith Youth
Organization is the oldest and
largest Jewish youth group in the
world. In the state of Florida the
BBYO services nearly 1,400
Jewish teens through a well-
rounded program which includes a
variety of social, athletic, com-
munity service, religious and
cultural activities. In addition, the
BBYO offers Jewish teens unmat-
ched opportunity to enhance their
self-awareness and Jewish identi-
ty, develop leadership skills, and
form close and long-lasting
If you would like to find out
more about the B'nai B'rith Youth
Organization we invite you to con-
tact one of our offices at (305)
253-7400 (Miami), (305) 792-6700
(Ft. Lauderdale) or (813) 872-4451
Broward County
Musician Engel
At Main Library
Musician Owen Engel will
share musical sounds of the
world with children of all ages
during a concert at 3 p.m.
Monday, Aug. 24 at the
Broward County Main
Library, 100 S. Andrews Ave.,
Fort Lauderdale.
A collector of musical in-
struments, Engel will play the
West African harp, the
Chinese zither, the Laotian
pipe organ, several flutes and
the clarinet during the
The library proa
For details, call tl
ram is free.
le library at
Library Lectures On
Parenting and Business
"How to Be an Unmiserable
Parent," a lecture by Jeffrey
T. Guterman, of the Center for
Counseling Services, will be
presented at 7 p.m. Thursday,
Aug. 27 at the West Regional
Library, a branch of the
Broward County Library
System, 8601 W. Broward
Blvd., Plantation.
Rabbinical Association To
Hold High Holiday Seminar
Rabbi Harold S. Kushner,
spiritual leader of Temple
Israel of Natick, Mass. will
conduct a High Holiday
Seminar for the members of
the Rabbinical Association of
Greater Miami on Tuesday,
Sept. 1 at Temple Beth Shalom
of Hollywood.
Rabbi Kushner is the author
of "When Bad Things Happen
To Good People," a book which
helps individuals cope with
In announcing the seminar,
Rabbi Jack Riemer of Beth
David Congregation, chairman
of the seminar stated, "This
program is a most meaningful
way to develop a mood of
reflection and contemplation
appropriate for the High Holy
Day season."
Rabbi Harold Kushner
Inmate Wants Kosher Diet
An inmate is demanding a
kosher diet at Perth Prison
and is attempting to sue the
Secretary of State for
Scotland, Malcolm Rifkind.
The Jewish Echo reports
that Peter Martin, 27, of Edin-
burgh contends that the
absence of kosher meat has
limited his diet, thereby
damaging his health. He abs-
tains from pork and bacon, but
according to his attorney,
Cameron Fyfe, eats corned
beef "against his religious
"He also says he is being
denied gefilte fish, matzos
bread and that he has to eat
meat with dairy products dur-
ing meals," the attorney
Scottish law savs that
"every prisoner shall be re-
quired on admission to state
his religious denomination and
shall continue to be treated as
a member of that denomina-
tion," the Echo noted.
Religious directory
Caagregstioa L"i Yitacbok Lubavitch. 1296 E. Hallandale Beach Blvd., Hallan-
dale; 468-1877. Rabbi Rafael Tennenhaus. Daily service* 7:66 a.m., 6:30 p.m.; Friday
evening, 6:80 p.m.; Saturday morning, 9 a.m., Saturday evening, 7:30 p.m., Sunday
8:30 a.m. and 6:30 p.m. Religious school: Grades 1-8. Nursery school Monday
through Friday.
Yeaag Israel of Hollywood 3291 Stirling Road; 966-7877, Rabbi Edward Davis.
Daily service*, 7:30 a.m., sundown; Sabbath services, one hour before sundown; Sab-
bath morning, 9 o'clock; Sunday, 8 a.m
Hallandale Jewish Ceater 416 NE 8th Ave.; 464-9100. Rabbi Carl Klein. Daily
services, 8:30 a.m., 6:30 p.m.; Sabbath 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 8:46 a.m.
Tesaple Beth 8haleea 1400 N. 46th Ave.. Hollywood; 981-6111. Rabbi Morton
Malavsky. Daily services, 7:46 a.m., sundown; Sabbath evening, 8:16 p.m.; Sabbath
morning, 9 o'clock. Religious school: Kindergarten-8.
Testate Bath Aha. 9780 Stirling Road, Hollywood; 431-6100. Rabbi Avraham
Kapnek. Services dairy 8 a.m.; Sabbath 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning 8:45 a.m. Religious
School: Nursery, Bar Mitzvah. Judaica High School.
Tasaple Israel of Mtrassar 6920 SW 36th St.; 961-1700. Rabbi Raphael Adler.
Daily services, 8:30 a.m.; Sabbath, 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 8:46 a.m. Religious
School: pre-kindergarten-8.
Testate Siaai 1201 Johnson St, Hollywood: 920-1677. Rabbi Richard J. Margolis,
8 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 9 am Religious school: Pre-kindergarten-Judaica High
Tessa** Bath El 1361 S. 14th Ave., Hollywood; 920-8226. Rabbi Samuel Z. Jaffa.
Sabbath evening 8 p.m. Sabbath morning 11 a.m. Religious school: Grades K 10.
Tasaale Bath Essct 10801 Pembroke Road, Pembroke Pines: 431-3638. Rabbi
Bennett Greenapon. Sabbath services, 8:16 p.m. First Friday of the month we meet
at 7:80 p.m. Religious school: Pre-kindergart*n 10
Teaaat* Sale) 6100 Sheridan St, Hollywood: 989-0206. Rabbi Robert P. Fraxin.
Sabbath services, 8:16 p.m.; Sabbath morning. 10:80 am Retigiout school: Pre-
11801 W. Broward Blvd., Plantation: 472-3600. Rabbi Elliot
SkideU Sabbath services. 8:16 p.m. Religious school: Pre-kindergart*n-8.

Friday, August 28, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 11
Puts Digs
In Shadows
tivities by ultra-Orthodox
zealots to disrupt ar-
chaeological digs in Caesarea
nave diverted attention from
significant finds unearthed at
other digging sites throughout
Israel this season.
The included a unique
1,800-year-old mosaic floor un-
covered two weeks ago at
Tsipori, in lower Galilee, and
the ruins of a Bronze Age port
dating back 5,000 years at Tel
Rami, south of Atht.
The six-by-five-meter floor
at Tsipori, once the most im-
portant city of Galilee, seat of
the Roman governors and a
major Jewish center where the
Sanhedrin officiated after the
destruction of the Second
Temple, shows an almost
lifesize portrait of a beautiful
young woman and of 15 Greek
gods, including Dionysus, all
named in Greek.
THE PICTURES are picked
out in tiny colored mosaic
stones, with the young
woman's cheeks in four shades
from flesh color to rouge. The
gods are depicted in motion,
regarded as rare for ancient
The archaeologists, from the
Hebrew University of
Jerusalem and Duke Universi-
ty of North Carolina, believe
the portrait may have been of
a woman guest of the governor
who was entertained in this
very room which, from its size
and position, may have been
the Roman governor's recep-
tion hall.
Tsipori was the home of Rab-
bi Yehuda Hanassi, who com-
piled and edited the Mishna,
second only to the Pentateuch
in Jewish holy writ, for the last
17 years of his life, at the
beginning of the Third
The third season of digging
at Tel Rami brought to light
Israel's oldest known port city,
dating back 5,000 years.
EXCAVATED by a Haifa
University team aided by
researchers and students from
the U.S. and Europe, this
year's work turned up a wide
range of stone and clay tools,
jewelry and weapons "show-
ing that in the late Bronze Age
Tel Rami was an important sea
traffic station," according to
Dr. Michal Artzi, head of the
university's maritime civiliza-
tions department.
This season's important
finds here included a
storehouse dating from 3,000
BCE, the first of its kind found
m the country, as well as a
sewage system.
Archaeologists in Ashkelon
uncovered a large dog
cemetery and what appeared
J have been a Philistine
brothel, with erotic wall
The Atra Kadisha Jewish
cemetery protection associa-
tion which halted the Caesarea
d,g apparently decided that
work at these three sites did
a endan&er Jewish graves,
ana the researchers were not
molested there.
FINALLY FREEDOM: Soviet pianist Vladimir Feltsman
(right) smiles as he arrives at Vienna's Schwechat Airport last
week with hw wife, Anna, and son, Daniel, after being greeted by
U.S. Ambassador Warren Zimmermann (rear). Feltsman. who
AP/Wide World Photo
has struggled for eight years to leave the Soviet Union, said his
family would travel to France for a few days, and then to New
York, where they plan to live.
No Surprise
U.S., Soviet Lawyers Won't Break Formal Agreement
Bay Area Soviet Jewry ac-
tivists are disturbed but not
surprised that two efforts to
end a formal agreement bet-
ween American and Soviet
lawyers failed last week.
And although the American
Bar Association overwhelm-
ingly refused to abrogate its
1985 "Declaration of Coopera-
tion" with the Association of
Soviet Lawyers, a local Jewish
lawyer is hopeful for a tur-
naround next year.
Attorney Ephraim Margolin,
one of the strongest opponents
of the ABA-ASL agreement to
speak at the ABA convention
here last week, contended that
"we won the debate but lost
the vote."
HE AND other activists
pushed abrogation on the
grounds that the ASL is an
arm of the KGB and not an
equivalent of the ABA. The ac-
tivists said they were sure
many ABA leaders were
educated on the plight of
Soviet Jews during the week.
On Monday, (Aug. 10), the
ABA assembly voted 156-32 to
reject a resolution to abrogate
the ABA's agreement with the
ASL, a group charged directly
with Soviet rights violations
and anti-Semitic policies.
Denunciations reached a
fever pitch at that session,
when a representative from
the American Foundation for
Resistance International call-
ed for an "economic boycott"
of lawyers who supported the
ABA's cooperative agreement
with the Soviets. AFRI
members include former UN
Ambassador Jeane
Kirkpatrick, conservative col-
umnist William F. Buckley and
Republican presidential
hopeful Rep. Jack Kemp
human (N.Y.).
House of Delegates killed by
voice vote a resolution by the
Arizona Bar Association that
sought to delete what its sup-
porters saw as anti-human-
rights portions of the pact bet-
ween the two legal associa-
tions. David Waksberg, direc-
tor of the Bay Area Council for
Soviet Jews and vice president
of the Union of Councils for
Soviet Jews, which had earlier
staged a protest calling for
cancelation of the ABA-ASL
agreement, said the abroga-
tion defeat was "a tragic
mistake, and my feeling is that
innocent victims are going to
pay for the arrogance and ig-
norance of the ABA
Appearing at the BACSJ
protest outside the Fairmont
Hotel here, where the ABA
convention was held, former
Prisoner of Conscience Zachar
Zunshain told approximately
60 supporters that the
American-Soviet agreement
would be used as a pretext to
prosecute more Soviet Jews.
Call for
or visit
Package includes:
2 vaults
Double granite marker
2 openings and closings
'plus tax. Location in designated section.
Memorial Gardens
Alfred Golden, President
3201N. 72nd Avenue, Holh
A Service

Page 12 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, August 28, 1987
A Russian Girl Turns Sweet Sixteen
Continued from Page 1-
could still speak enough Yid-
dish to communicate, Mila and
I had no common language.
Occasionally asking our
parents to translate for us,
Mila and I spent the evening
pointing at various things
around the room and giving
each other the Russian and
English terms for drapes,
table, light, and so on.
And we looked into the
slightly-warped mirror in the
hotel room, searching for a
family resemblance in our
Now I search for a
resemblance between the little
girl that I remember and the
startlingly pretty teenager
that Mila is today.
HOW DID this transforma-
tion take place?
"Kids used to hate me
because I was Russian," Mila
recalls. "I used to come home
from school crying every day.
They picked on me, called me
names, or wouldn't talk to me
at all, because they heard from
their parents and from the
news on TV that Russia was
bad, so they figured that
anyone from Russia was bad."
Mila started to become
popular in high school, and can
now say that "if someone
doesn't like me because I'm
Russian, that's their problem.
It's who I am, and I can't
change it."
Yet Mila admits to having
become Americanized. "I'm
more independent, and my
mother and I are friends we
go shopping, have lunch
together ... In Russia, it
would be more of a mother-
daughter relationship."
PROUD OF her heritage,
Mila points to the aspects of
being Russian she values most.
"We have older customs
customs of being respectful to
parents, adults, and older peo-
ple," unlike the typical
American teenager, Mila adds.
"Also, people don't ap-
preciate what they have here
because they have always had
it this way. I appreciate what
my parents have given me,
because I know they never had
anything like what I have
when they were children. I
know I'm lucky I don't think
that it should be this way,"
Mila says.
"Since I was given a chance
for a better life, for more
potential to succeed than I
would have had in Russia, I
don't want to let it slip away,"
asserts Mila, who would like to
become a lawyer or possibly a
politician someday.
WOULD SHE be a different
sort of person today had she
remained in Russia?
"Definitely. I would pro-
bably have long hair in a braid,
wear no makeup and hardly
any jewelry, and I might be
plumper, because I wouldn't
be watching my figure. Here
I'm very conscious of my hair,
figure and clothes because I'm
going out with boys at this age.
In Russia, I wouldn't be.
"At 16, you're still a baby.
You still look like one, and
you're still treated like one. If
I were in Russia, I'd probably
be concentrating more on my
piano-playing, and on school,
school, school, because that's
more enforced there. I'd be
less independent," Mila
MILA HAS a fairly clear
idea of what she might have
been like had she remained in
Russia because she has a
cousin, roughly her age, still
living in Kiev.
"Eydita is six months
younger than I am, and we
were like sisters back in
Russia, because she only has
an older brother, and I have no
siblings at all," says Mila.
Would the two have
anything in common were they
to meet today?
"I don't know," Mila con-
cedes. "I'd be much more ad-
vanced than she, teenager-
Three years after Mila and
her parents arrived in Miami, I
entered the world that they
had left behind when my
mother, my uncle and I travel-
ed to Russia to visit the rem-
nant of our family still living
and I recall meeting Eydita,
who reminded me of Mila
when I had first met her, in
that she was very sweet, very
polite, and openly affectionate
despite the language barrier
between us.
What stands out in my mind
about our visit to Moscow was
the inelegance of everything.
Wearing three layers of
clothing, my mother, my uncle
and I met with our Russian
relatives in public places, duck-
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Mila Kwitney, Sweet Sixteen, stands beside her portrait, which
guests signed on the sides and back.
ing into bathrooms to ex-
change clothing, money, and
We were aware of being
followed by the KGB, because
the Soviets do not always want
to conceal the fact that they
are monitoring your actions.
There were other
which sold the finest Russian
goods, from Stolichnaya vodka
to traditional handicrafts, such
as the wooden dolls which open
up one into another, were off
limits to our Russian relatives.
Hotel rooms and restaurants
were equally unfeasible op-
tions, and the party which
celebrated our reunion was
held in a Moscow apartment.
Many different types of
food, including several meat
dishes, were served, along
Swastikas, Obscenities Painted
On Jewish Store in Washington
JOYCE, Wash. -(JTA)- A
local Jewish group has an-
nounced a reward for informa-
tion leading to the arrest and
conviction of the person or
persons who painted swastikas
and obscenities on the general
store co-owned by a Jewish
woman here.
During the evening of July
31, the anti-Semitic graffiti
was painted on an outside wall
and garage at the Joyce
General Store owned by Diane
Pfaff, who is Jewish, and her
husband, Roland Pfaff. The in-
cident occurred on the eve of
this tiny northwestern
Washington community's an-
nual Joyce Daze festival, of
which Roland Pfaff is
Sheriffs office is investigating
the incident, according to
Diane Pfaff, who added she
believes the vandalism was the
work of an individual rather
than an organized anti-Semitic
"Nothing like this has ever
happened before," she said.
"We've always been quite
open about our being Jewish."
The Pfaffs are active in the
Port Angeles area Jewish com-
munity and the Washington
Association of Jewish Com-
munities. Diane Pfaff is one of
several Port Angeles area
women who meet regularly for
Jewish study.
"It's shocking when
something like this happens to
you," she said, describing
herself as "numb" when she
saw the five large swastikas
painted on the store. At the
urging of people, including
Rabbi Anson Laytner of the
Jewish Federation of Greater
Seattle, who oversees WA-
JCO, Roland Pfaff read a
statement before the Joyce
Daze parade condemning the
"WE DEPLORE the van-
dalism, particularly the
swastikas which put a very
negative, anti-Semitic and
very ugly sign on things,"
Pfaff told the crowd.
Dianne Pfaff said she and
Roland have received an out-
pouring of support from the
people of Joyce, some of whom
aided in cleaning off the anti-
Semitic slurs.
Lansky Appointed
(JTA) Vivian Lansky, a
university alumni director
here, has been appointed ex-
ecutive director of the Fort
Wayne Jewish Federation.
with the ubiquitous vodka, and
I recall feeling some discom-
fort about the quantity of food
our family had set out for
having heard countless stoi
in America about the 1
shortages and long lines for
meat and other choice items in
the Soviet Union.
It seemed to me then that
the assortment of delicacies,
the freely-flowing vodka, and
the sheer abundance of it all
revealed a philosophy which
was alien to me.
put into words, might be to en-
joy what there is now, while
there is a cause for celebra-
tion, because who knows what
tomorrow might bring?
The last thing I remember
thinking before saying good-
bye to Eydita and the rest of
our relatives was that it took
only a small leap of the im-
agination to think of how, had
my grandfather not been the
only one of his brothers to
leave Russia, we might all
have been American.
Or how we might all have
been Russian, had my grand-
father decided to remain.
"In Russia, birthdays are all
the same, the sweet sixteen
party is an American inven-
tion," says Mila. "It's wed-
dings which are done with real-
ly big parties in Russia."
AFTER THE couple signs a
civil registry, according to
Mila, they hold an all-night
celebration in a home, rented
hall, or restaurant.
"Families save up for a long
time, and only the bride and
maybe the mother of the bride
buy special dresses. Everyone
else just wears their best,
drinks and eats and dances all
night," Mila recounts.
Bar and Bat Mitzvahs, of
course, are also not celebrated
on the scale that they are in
the United States.
"The Jewish religion is not
practiced as openly as here, so
Bar Mitzvahs are done quietly
in the home, if they're done at
all," says Mila.
Is she more Jewish here than
she would have been in Russia?
"Yes," Mila replies. "I wear
a star of David here, and I'm
proud of it. In Russia, I never
would have. I remember so-
meone calling me zhyd a
Russian word that was a bad
name for a Jew, like 'kike,'
when I was in kindergarten.
"I asked my father what this
word meant, because at first I
didn't know. Then, later, when
I knew what it meant, and so-
meone called me something
similar, I ripped her notebooks
up and messed up her books,"
she recalls.
PERHAPS it is because the
line that separates one kind of
existence in the Soviet Union
from a radically different
lifestyle in the United States
can be 'so slim that Mila's
parents decided to celebrate
their daughter's coming of age
in America with an American
tradition interpreted in Rus-
sian terms.
And I cannot help but think
that despite the multitude of
guests, we were all aware of
who was missing amidst the
revelry Eydita and our
other Russian relatives, who
still remain in the Soviet
Union, in the Ukraine, under
the grip of a repressive
regime, in the wake of the re-
cent disaster at Chernobyl,
still walking in the shadow of
the long history of anti-
Semitism that darkens that
part of the world.

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