The Jewish Floridian of South Broward


Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Running title:
Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood
Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood
Jewish Floridian of South County
Physical Description:
Fred Shochet
Place of Publication:
Hollywood, Fla


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Hollywood (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Broward County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Broward -- Hollywood


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 13, no. 23 (Nov. 11, 1983)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issue for July 7, 1989 called no. 11 but constitutes no. 13.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statement conflict: Aug. 4, 1989 called no. 14 in masthead and no. 15 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.
General Note:
Title from caption.

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University of Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44513894
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Jewish Floridian
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Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood

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Full Text
Volume 17 Number 19
Hollywood, Florida Friday, August 14, 1987
FRIENDS AGAIN: Palestine Liberation Organization Chairman Yasir Arafat
(left) and Egypt's President Hosni Mubarak greet each other after four months of
strained relations. Last April, the PLO decided to limit ties with Egypt for its
good relations with Israel, and Egypt retaliated by closing down PLO offices
A P/Wide World Photo
there. The resumed friendship grew in Africa Hall in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia last
week, where the 2Srd conference of the Organization of African Unity was held.
Arafat was an official observer at the meeting.
PLO Offices Befuddle State Dep't.

WASHINGTON (JTA) A State Department official said that the
Reagan Administration has "strong reservations" about closing the U.S. offices
of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
"Closing the PLO Observer Mission at the United Nations raises issues of in-
ternational law and foreign policy, and the information office in New York raises
constitutional issues," Richard Murphy, Assistant Secretary of State for Near
Politician Jackson
Makes Overtures To Clean Up
His Act With Jewish Community
Eastern and South Asian Affairs, told a House Subcommittee on Europe and the
Middle East. "We have strong reservations we'd like to discuss with members."
MURPHY'S STATEMENT provoked angry reaction from some represen-
tatives, including Rep. Larry Smith (D., Fla.), who said that the PLO is "taking
credit for terrorist acts, and we're way behind in doing what we ought to be do-
ing. I feel certain that the legislation (to close the offices) will move and it's bet-
Continued on Page 2
past year, the Rev. Jesse Jackson,
whose 1984 presidential campaign
was plagued by allegations of anti-
Semitism, has been making overtures
to the Jewish community.
Jackson has met with Jewish
leaders privately and in public
forums, spoken before Jewish
organizations such as the Religious
Action Center of Reform Judaism,
and given interviews to Jewish
"It is a different Jackson in 1988
than in 1984," observed Abraham
Foxman, national director of the
Anti-Defamation League of B'nai
B'rith. "One has to recognize and
welcome that certain sensitivity he is
now showing."
JACKSON HAS "gone out on a
limb like that not just once, but
several times, so there is a clear-cut
pattern of an effort to reach out to
the Jewish community, and the com-
munity ought to respond," added
Rabbi David Saperstein, co-director
of the Religious Action Center of
Reform Judaism.
But while Jewish leaders applaud
Jackson's efforts, they remain skep-
tical to what extent he can put his
past problems with the community
behind him. Jackson, said Marc Perl,
Washington representative of the
American Jewish Congress, carries a
"significant amount of baggage" that
Jewish voters are unlikely to forget.
Continued on Page 2

Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, August 14, 1987
State Dep't. Doubtful
Concerned About Legalities of Closing Down PLO Offices
Continued from Page 1
ter if it moves in concurrence with the Administration."
Legislation to close the PLO offices, introduced by Reps. Jack Kemp (R.,
N.Y.) and Dan Mica (D., Fla.), currently has 55 sponsors. An identical Senate
version, introduced by Sens. Robert Dole (R., Kan.),Charles Grassley (R., Iowa),
Frank Lautenberg(D., N.J.) and Howard Metzenbaum (D., Ohio) has 43 signers.
In other testimony, Murphy alluded to his meeting with Soviet counterpart
Vladimir Polyakov in Geneva last month to discuss Soviet involvement in a Mid-
dle East peace conference.
"THEY SPOKE at length of their interest in progress toward Middle East
peace. At the same time, they made no commitments and reiterated many
familiar positions, and there are still important gaps on how to proceed," Mur-
phy said. "I think we gave them much to think about and are waiting to see how
they respond."
On the issue of Syria, whose decision to close the office of terrorist Abu Nidal
prompted Reagan to send a special envoy to the country, Murphy said that Syria
remains on the list of countries sponsoring terrorism and sanctions established
last November remain in effect.
Politician Jackson
Trying To Clean Up His Act With Wary Jewish Community
Continued from Page 1
The heaviest load in this bag-
gage remains Jackson's
association in 1984 with the
black Muslim leader Louis Far-
rakhan, whose preaching is
marked by virulent anti-
Semitic rhetoric. In a recent
New York Times article,
Jackson said "the simple fact
is that Farrakhan is not con-
nected to my campaign in any
way. That's all that's need to
be said."
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For Fast
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pJewish Floridian
P.O. Box 012973, Miami, Fla. 33101
BUT MOST Jews disagree.
"What Jews want and will
continue to want is for Jackson
to repudiate Farrakhan.
There's a feeling that he has
yet to do this," said Hyman
Bookbinder of the American
Jewish Committee.
Frank Watkins, Jackson's
press secretary, said as a
religious leader Jackson "does
not repudiate the personhood
of anyone, even an enemy, let
alone the personhood of a
friend and ally in the '84 cam-
i paign, at least to a certain ex-
tent, because there is always
the possibility of redemption."
Even if Jackson can put Far-
rakhan behind him, his views
on the Middle East still disturb
Jewish voters, many of whom
see Israel as a litmus test for
support of a candidate.
Jackson no longer refers to
Palestine Liberation Organiza-
tion chairman Yasir Arafat,
whom he publicly embraced in
1978, as an ally, but he re-
mains critical of U.S. military
assistance to Israel and
Israel's occupation of the
Jackson advocates a four-point
approach to the Middle East: a
secure Israel within "interna-
tionally recognized boun-
daries"; Palestinian self-
determination and justice in-
First Chinese Scholar Takes Up
Residence at Hebrew University
The first scholar from the Peo-
ple's Republic of China to
engage in research at the
Hebrew University of
Jerusalem is currently in
residence at the university's
Harry S. Truman Research In-
stitute for the Advancement of
He is Dr. Guocang Huan, a
specialist in international rela-
tions, who has spent the past
seven years studying in the
U.S. His summer as a visiting
research fellow at the Truman
institute will be spent working
on Israeli policy regarding the
peace process and on options
for the development of China-
Israel relations.
HUAN SAID that while he
is not currently affiliated with
any Chinese government in-
stitutions, he knows that his
published work has been read
and is well thought of in
government circles there.
Huan added that he sees "very
limited movement" towards
development of relations bet-
ween Israel and China, but the
outlook is promising.
Huan, who is from Shanghai,
studied at the Chinese
Academy of Social Sciences in
Beijing before leaving there
seven years ago to study in the
United States. Although he
has no high school certificate
nor a BA, he has earned in the
past seven years an MA at the
University of Denver in inter-
national economics, an MA at
Columbia University in com-
parative politics, and a PhD in
international relations at
Princeton University.
In addition, he has worked
as a consultant for the World
Bank, as a research fellow at
the Brookings Institution in
Washington, D.C., as a John
Olin Fellow at the Center for
International Affairs at Har-
vard University.
eluding the right to determine
their own representation;
respect for Lebanon's ter-
ritorial integrity, with U.S.
assistance in helping them to
rebuild; and normalizing ties
with other Arab countries.
Ann Lewis, former executive
director of Americans for
Democratic Action who has ad-
vised Jackson on Jewish
issues, said Jackson's views on
the Middle East agenda has
many points in common with
Jackson's struggle with the
Jewish community is symbolic
of the delicate relationship bet-
ween blacks and Jews.
Although they share a history
of oppression and fought side
by side in the civil rights move-
ment, stereotypes and an-
tagonisms persists, analysts
Jackson may be politically,
as well as religiously, unable to
repudiate Farrakhan, without
risking the support of blacks
who see Jews as wealthy
establishment figures. At the
same time, articulating a
softer tone on Israel would of-
fend the "Third World crowd"
who support international "na-
tionalist movements" such as
the PLO and the African Na-
tional Congress seeking to
overthrow the government of
South Africa, according to
"HE CAN give a little on
(issues such as the Palestinians
and Farrakhan), but he can't
just suddenly shed all these
things without being accused
of pandering to the Jews,"
said Bookbinder.
Watkins suggested that
those Jews who remain skep-
tical of Jackson are
"perpetuating a political pro-
blem and are not interested in
learning the facts. What is he
(Jackson) expected to do to
end the skepticism?"
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Friday^August 14, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 3
Rabin in Warning
Crackdown in Gaza Following
Murder of Israeli Soldier
Defense Minister Yitzhak
Rabin and senior army officers
warned Monday that there will
be a security crackdown on
Gaza Strip after an Israel
Defense Force officer was kill-
ed in the city of Gaza by a
Palestinian terrorist on
The officer was identified as
Ron Tal, 22, of Zahala near Tel
Aviv. He was laid to rest Mon-
day in the military section of
the Kiryat Shaul cemetery on
the outskirts of Tel Aviv. He
had served for the past four
months as head of the military
police unit in Gaza. He was a
lieutenant at the time of his
murder and was posthumously
promoted to the rank of
TAL HAD been driving his
car through the town and slow-
ed down at an intersection to
make a sharp left turn. A man
who had apparently been stan-
ding unobtrusively near the in-
tersection approached the
slow-moving vehicle and fired
several shots point blank
through the window and fled.
Troops searched the area and
arrested dozens of Palesti-
nians. Hours later, the
Palestine Liberation Organiza-
tion claimed responsibility for
the attack.
Army sources said they did
not think Tal had been a plann-
ed target for the attack, but
rather a "random" victim.
Israeli troops are frequently
the targets of stones or gas
bombs thrown by West Bank
and Gaza Strip residents, but
the shooting of soldiers is rare.
The last fatal attacks in the
Gaza Strip were in May when
terrorists killed an Israeli taxi
driver and an Arab policeman.
RABIN AND senior array
officers described Sunday's at-
tack as "a deviation from the
norm" and stressed that
security steps taken as a result
would also be a "deviation
from the norm." Security
sources emphasized that the
attack had taken place in an
area in the center of town
where local residents,
shopkeepers and passers-by
must have seen it happening.
But, the sources said bitterly,
no one has volunteered any
The entire Gaza Strip was
sealed off immediately after
the attack and no entry or exit
was allowed either by land or
sea. Gaza fishermen were not
allowed to put out to sea and
scores of thousands of Gaza
Strip Arabs who normally go
to work in Israel were forced
to stay home until further
notice, a move unprecedented
in recent years.
An estimated 60,000 people
travel from Gaza daily to work
in Israel and some 50.000
Palestinians in the area de-
pend on the local fishing in-
dustry for a living.
Serious dislocations were ex-
pected in Israel's economy this
week as a result.
IN AN Israel Radio inter-
view Monday morning, Rabin
explained why he thought the
attack was an exception, and
why exceptional measures
were being taken in Gaza.
"nrst of all, I would like to
point out that this incident was
an exception, a terrorist act
directed against an Israeli
target. The murderers set
themselves up at the site and
attacked the first Israeli
military target that passed
them," Rabin said.
"The incident was not in the
category of 'disturbance.' It
was a terrorist act planned by
an individual or squad. It
demands a broad action, which
this time included, first of all, a
curfew in the immediate area
with a view to making arrests
and conducting investigations,
in order to find the person who
carried out the murder.
"I cannot imagine that store
owners and people who were
in the stores or near the site
did not see the incident, and
we will therefore also take
steps regarding the area near
the site of the murder. The
third thing: to make the in-
vestigation easier, a curfew
has been imposed on* an area
wider than the site of the
murder, with the aim of also
facilitating an investigation
and examination without
enabling individuals to leave.
"THE FOURTH matter is
preventing people from leav-
ing the Gaza District either by
land or sea, so that we can en-
sure that we will be able to find
the additional persons whose
names we'll collect as a result
of information that is
Rabin stressed that the
measures taken were not a col-
lective punishment.
"This is not punishment, but
taking steps which, in addition
to all the other steps, will allow
us to reach the perpetrators of
the murder. Of course, in addi-
tion, it is intended to make it
clear to all residents of Gaza
and the local leaders that we
will not tolerate such
murderous activity," Rabin
Former Gaza Mayor Rahsid
A-Shawa told Israel Radio
Monday that the situation in
the Gaza Strip was "unstable"
because of Israel's occupation
of the area and especially
tense since Deputy Defense
Minister Michael Dekel pro-
posed last week that Arabs
should be transferred from the
administered territories to
Jordan. A-Shawa stressed that
he was against any form of ter-
rorism, from any party.
Mordechai, the head of the
army's southern command,
said, "We will take all
necessary steps to prevent
another incident like this and
capture the murderer or
murderers as soon as possi-
ble." Foreign Minister Shimon
Peres said Israel would con-
tinue its struggle against ter-
rorism without compromise.
Meanwhile, Israel's Am-
bassador to the United Na-
tions, Binyamin Netanyahu,
told a group of Likud activists,
before the murder of Tal took
place, that the Gaza Strip
should be given a status of self-
rule, similar to the status
Hong Kong has.
In a lecture in Ramat Gan,
Netanyahu, who is known to
be ideologically close to Likud,
GAZA QUESTIONING: An armed Israeli
soldier questions an Arab in Gaza, after ah
Israel Defense Force officer was killed there by
a Palestinian terrorist on Sunday. Former
AP/Wide World Photo
Gaza Mayor Rahsid A-Shawa has told Israel
Radio that the situation in the Gaza Strip is
'unstable' because of Israel's occupation of the
argued that there is no reason
to be concerned over the
demography of the West Bank
since the population there is
relatively scarce and there are
many unpopulated areas
where Jewish settlements can
be established. But the Gaza
Strip, with its relatively small
space and a population of
600,000 presents a serious pro-
blem to Israel.
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Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, August 14, 1987
Iran-Contra Hearings
Reveal Nature of Americans
The Iran-Contra hearings are ended. The
legacy to the nation is revealing far more of
the American people themselves than of the
principal actors in the hearings. The
American people have demonstrated that
they are incapable of understanding or else
that they do not care about the deception,
the shredding of evidence and the arrogance
of those who have violated the most fun-
damental principles and institutions upon
which this nation stands.
On the contrary, far from expecting
even demanding a sense of contrition in
those who have committed the violations,
the American people would have them
rewarded as heroes.
Nor is the Congress, that body which con-
stituted itself as a committee empowered by
American process to investigate such
outrageous behavior, sufficiently free from
the ignorance, the illiteracy, the lack of
education and the failure of commitment to
moral principle in the American people to
have stood forthrightly and in unison to
declare its revulsion for the incompetence of
President Reagan and the frank dissembling
and confessed lying of the principal actors in
the hearings.
Quite the contrary. To the likes of Lt. Col.
Oliver North and Admiral John Poindexter,
the Congress bowed, scraped and fawned
upon them especially North's "bravery"
and "integrity" at the same time that it
presumed to chasten them. The Congress
kept on eye on the public's favor rather than
teaching it the immense proportions of the
tragedy that the Iran-Contra affair has
brought to us all.
A Tragic Disarray
America's ranks are in tragic disarray to-
day. Of the President's incompetence his
utter failure to know what American
democracy is all about the Tower Com-
mission merely used a bureaucratic
euphemism when it declaimed upon Mr.
Reagan's "management style."
In faint and distant recall of a similarly-
constituted Congressional committee in the
Watergate affair, when members of both
parties methodically examined evidence and
in unity called the Nixon Administration
what it in fact was a traitorous aggragate
of men committed to short-circuit the
American democratic process the present
committee came off as a quarrelsome bunch
of hypocritical, barking advocates as
members of the committee sounded off in
debate with one another according to their
Democratic or Republican affiliations.
Attack on Metzenbaum
No wonder then that most Americans,
with little or no knowledge of what even an
average high school student knew about
civics, say, 30 years ago, came to see Con-
gress as the heavy, President Reagan as a
victim of partisanship, and Col. North as a
It is only in such an atmosphere of crude
ignorance and frank American illiteracy that
the Washington Post last week could
disclose the spawning of yet another Senate
Republican campaign document that calls
Democratic Senator Howard Metzenbaum
of Ohio a "Communist sympathizer," a buzz-
word in the extreme rightwing for "Jew."
The document suggests ways to attack
Metzenbaum's record, character and
It describes his membership in "Com-
munist causes" and even says that the GOP
has evidence that his "Communist sym-
pathies have found their way onto the
Senate floor."
Object of the campaign document was to
play dirty tricks on Metzenbaum in prepara-
tion for next year's Senate elections in
which the Ohio legislator faces as opponents
either Cleveland's Mayor George Voinovich
or Ohio Rep. Bob McEwen.
A GOP Senate committe has identified
Donald Walter Jr. as author of the document*
for which former research director, Mark
Lied, did the "research."
Pity Our Constitution
What in the world has Watergate taught
the Republican Party which, twice since
1972, has confounded the nation with in-
credible presidential arrogance and ig-
norance for which there never has been a
statement from either leader of remorse, let
alone regret?
What in the world has the Iran-Contra af-
fair taught us when, only this week, Presi-
dent Reagan was quoted as believing that
the hearings show him conclusively that no
laws were broken?
And what in the world do the increasing
number of bumper stickers on Dade County
cars declaring "Ollie for President" tell us
about Americans on the cusp of celebrating
the 200th anniversay of the Constitution of
the United States?
If America's leaders show themselves as
power-hungry, greedy and indifferent to our
freedoms, can the nation's people be far
Pity our democracy. Pity our Constitution.
60 Rep. 's Sign Letter
Urge Japanese Invite to Israel
Sixty House members have
signed a letter to Nobuo Mat-
sunaga, the Japanese Am-
bassador to the United States,
urging that Jerusalem be in-
vited to send representatives
to a World Conference of
Historical Cities to be held in
Kyoto in November.
"Any conference on the im-
pact of the major cities of the
world on the history of
mankind would be noticeably
incomplete without a discus-
sion of the historical contribu-
tions of the city of Jerusalem,"
the Congressmen stressed in
the letter initiated by Reps.
Mel Levine and Robert Matsui
(both D., Calif.). "In this case,
such an omission is so blatant
and unjustified that it raises
concerns of political bias and
prejudice," the letter said.
Jerusalem was first raised
with Matsunaga in May by the
Anti-Defamation League of
B'nai B'rith. Abraham Fox-
man, at that time the ADL's
associate national director, in
a letter to the Ambassador,
noted that "not to have
Jerusalem, is, in our judge-
ment, unjustified and raises
questions as to whether there
is some political bias at work
This fear appears justified
from the reply Foxman, now
national director, received this
month from Koichi Haraguchi,
the Japanese Embassy's
counselor for public affairs.
Haraguchi said that Foxman's
letter was sent to the Ministry
of Foreign Affairs in Tokyo,
which then received from the
City of Kyoto several reasons
for not inviting Jerusalem, in-
cluding a decision that since
Jerusalem's status was the
"subject of political controver-
sies as reflected in the debate
at the United Nations," the
Israeli capital would not be in-
vited "irrespective of its long
history and tradition."
Enclosed with Haraguchi's
letter was a copy of the Dec.
15, 1980 UN General
Assembly resolution rejecting
the Knesset action annexing
all of Jerusalem and declaring
the city Israel's capital. Japan
voted for the resolution.
Foxman replied to the Am-
bassador last week that "Un-
fortunately, Jerusalem's exclu-
sion from the Kyoto con-
ference is not an isolated in-
stance of Japanese political
bias against Israel. Your
government's open support for
the Arab boycott, its refusal to
engage in scientific exchanges
and to promote cultural ties
with Israel have contributed to
the coolness that has
characterized the two coun-
tries' relations for more than a
echoed by Jess Hordes,
associate director of the
ADL's Washington office.
Hordes also noted that "No
Japanese official of ministerial
rank has ever visited Israel."
Haraguchi, who could not be
reached for comment Monday,
also stressed in his letter that
the City of Kyoto wanted "to
make it clear' that its decision
does not reflect any "racial or
religious bias."
of South Broward
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Friday, August 14.1987
Volume 17 t
19 AB 5747
Number 19

Friday, August 14, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 5_
Ovation Comes, Too Late, for Germany's Willy Brandt
Hannoverxcke AUgemeine
The tributes paid to Willy
Brandt, the standing ovation
after his final speech as SPD
leader and the emotion shown
by delegates at a special party
conference were as genuine as
their sober relief that he has at
last stepped down.
He led the Social Democrats
for nearly 25 years, through
crests and troughs. More than
any other postwar Social
Democrat he stood for the
SPD's history, spirit and soul.
But towards the end he pro-
vided little leadership. He
presided and vacillated. It was
time to go.
HE IS the last of the four
leading Social Democrats who
gave the oldest political party
in Germany a new look after
the Second World War.
Fritz Erler, the most
brilliant of the four intellec-
tually, had his promising
career nipped in the bud when
he died early in 1967.
Helmut Schmidt, the
soundest statesman among
them, alienated himself from
the party and was undeserved-
ly ousted as Chancellor despite
his merits.
Herbert Wehner, the most
impassioned, was tired and
weary well before he finally
retired. When the SPD was
forced to return to the Opposi-
tion benches in Bonn in Oc-
tober, 1982, he withdrew, an
embittered figure, to his holi-
day home on the Swedish
island of Oland.
triumphant survivor and
Senator Robert Dole
DaD Photo
Betrayed Brandt, the emigre, risked his
life to work undercover against the Nazis.
wearer of August Bebel's
pocket watch, failed to see that
it was time for him to go and
finally came an unexpected
cropper in connection with a
weird staff appointment.
The end of Willy Brandt's
crisis-laden career was in
character with his political life.
Not for him mere death like
Bebel, the founder of the party
over a century ago, like Kurt
Schumacher, who refounded it
after the war, or like Erich
Ollenhauer, who died in office
as SPD leader.
Brandt himself decided to
call it a day. Self-willed as he
has always been, he stayed
true to himself: neither a
lifelong party official nor a
paragon of loyalty and
WILLY, as people near and
far call him in first name
fashion, has chosen to end his
career on a human note: as a
man who is far from infallible,
a lover of life, easily hurt,
given to thinking in terms of
contradictions and to acting in
terms of alternatives, frank
in his own way and flexible
even in his mid-70s.
He joined the SPD at 16, on-
ly to switch soon afterward to
a leftwing splinter group, the
Socialist Workers Party
(SAP), which he felt came
closer to his ideals.
If in doubt, keep left may not
be a fitting motto for
everything he has done in life,
but it is certainly appropriate
to many chapters in the life
story of an emotional, commit-
ted socialist.
When he left Germany in
1933 as a wanted man
wanted by the Nazis surely
it was not he who had l>etrayed
Germany but Germany that
had betrayed him.
WAS HE, as an emigre, a
coward? In 1933 Brandt the
emigre risked his life to work
undercover in Berlin for a bet-
ter Germany.
Yet the ill-wishers who cast
aspersions on him in the 1960s
when he stood for Chancellor
have still not ceased to brand
him a coward for having left
Nazi Germany.
A sense of insult and bouts
of resignation may not befit
such a high-calibre political
career, but they are typical of
Willy Brandt. "
When he failed in his second
attempt to lead the SPD to vic-
tory in the 1965 general elec-
tion he inwardly abandoned
His friends, and in those
days they included Herbert
Wehner, almost had to carry
him bodily, a mentally and
emotionally weary Willy
Brandt, into office as Foreign
Minister in Chancellor Kies-
inger's Grand Coalition
BUT HE regained interest,
pleasure and strength, and in
1969, with the backing of
Continued on Pfe 8
Bipartisan Move
To Close Down PLO Offices Under Anti-Terrorism Act
Senator Rudy Boschwitz
Legislation intended to close
down the offices of the
Palestine Liberation Organiza-
tion in the United States has
been introduced by a bipar-
tisan group of senators led by
Bob Dole (R., Kans.), Charles
Grassley (R., Iowa), Rudy
Boschwitz (R., Minn.), Frank
Lautenberg (D., N..J.) and
Howard Metzenbaum (D.,
S. 1203 is entitled "The
Anti-Terrorism Act of 1987"
and currently has 32 co-
sponsors. A parallel bill has
been introduced by Rep. Jack
Kemp (R., N.Y.) in the House,
and has 45-co-sponsors at
SEN. DOLE explained that
the purpose of the legislation is
"to strengthen the defenses of
this country against the real,
physical threat that the PLO
represents." In its section on
findings and determinations,
the bill notes that Middle East
terrorism constituted 60 per-
cent of world terrorism in 1985
and then documents specific
instances of PLO terrorism, as
well as general statements
showing the organizations'
commitment to armed
Critics of the bill, such as the
Washington Office of the
Dr. Gruen is director of the
Israel and Middle East Affairs
International Relations
Department of the American
Jewish Committee.
American Civil Liberties
Union, the Washington Post
and the New York Times,
regard the proposed legisla-
tion as an unwarranted infr-
ingement of free speech. Mor-
ton Halperin, ACLU's
Washington director, termed
it "clearly a violation of the
rights of free speech and
association to bar American
citizens from acting as agents
seeking to advance the
political ideology of any
organization, even if that
organization is based abroad."
Secretary of State George
Shultz is quoted, in a May 26,
1987 editorial in the
Washington Post, as saying
that the PLO Washington of-
fice is duly registered under
the Foreign Agents Registra-
tion Act and that "so long as
that office regularly files
reports with the Department
of Justice on its activities as an
agent of a foreign organiza-
tion, complies with all other
relevant U.S. laws and is staff-
ed by Americans or legal resi-
dent aliens, it is entitled to
! operate under the protection
provided by the Firs,t !Aroend-
ment of the Constitution."
Secretary Shultz's statement,
we have received indications
from Washington that the
Reagan Administration is ac-
tively considering taking ad-
ministrative action to close
down the Washington Infor-
mation Office of the PLO. The
matter is currently being
studied by staff in the At-
torney General's office and the
Continued on Page 7-
"It's a portrait of my mother waiting for my
phone call."
_ ^

Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, August 14, 1987
U.S. Jews Hope Identity
Issue To Be Set Aside
group of high-level North
American Jewish leaders is en-
couraged that the religiously
divisive issue of defining
Jewish identity can be remov-
ed from Israel's political agen-
da, United Jewish Appeal
(UJA) national chairman Mar-
tin Stein said last Thursday
(July 29).
Stein had just returned to
the U.S. from a trip to Israel
with fellow Jewish leaders, in-
cluding Council of Jewish
Federations President
Shoshana Cardin, and top
decision-makers of the United
Israel Appeal in the U.S. and
They discussed with Israeli
leaders and at a large press
conference their concern that
passage of an impending
Knesset bill could severely
strain Jewish unity.
THE BILL would have
given Israel's rabbinic courts
sole authoity to validate con-
versions, marriages and
divorces performed abroad. A
similar bill was defeated two
weeks ago. The latest bill was
at the last moment last
Wednesday not introduced by
the ultra-Orthodox Shas
Reflecting prevailing
political wisdom, Stein said he
didn't think time permitted
another attempt at the vote
before the current Knesset
session ends next week.
Shas leader Yitzhak Peretz
canceled a meeting with the
leaders, Stein said. However,
he said he and his colleagues
told leaders of both major par-
ties, including Premier Yit-
zhak Shamir and Foreign
Minister Shimon Peres, that
the Jewish identity issue must
not be decided in a political
"Shamir indicated to us that
he has set up a committee to
look into this, that he personal-
ly would like to see it resolved
in a different arena, and that
he would welcome any help we
could do to change it from
political to otherwise," Stein
HE NOTED that the prickly
but infrequent question of
whether non-Orthodox con-
verts to Judaism could receive
immediate Israeli citizenship
as Jews under the Law of
Return used to be addressed
quietly and case-by-case by
former Interior Minister Yosef
With the small number of
people directly affected by this
issue, why, then, all the fuss?
"We're not making it an
issue," Stein said. "The issue
is made because of what it
doesn't say. When you tell me
that my rabbi is not a rabbi (by
not accepting that rabbi's con-
versions, for instance) then
you indicate to me that my
shul is not a legitimate facility.
I perceive myself as not a full-
class Jew any more. The issue
is the five million people that it
affects indirectly." He was
referring to non-Orthodox
North American Jewry.
The message got through to
Israeli leadership, the UJA
chairman indicated.
"The general feeling was
that this is an issue that
relates to the whole Jewish
communitv. particularly
America that they unders-
tand after our visit that it is a
most significant issue, that
they're willing to work with us
to remove it from the agenda,"
he said.
STEIN ADDED that he ap-
preciated Shamir's suggestion
that the North American
Jewish leaders bring together
Labor and Likud leaders to
agree that Jewish identity will
no longer be used as a political
football to keep government
coalitions together or to
threaten to rupture them. He
didn't elaborate.
"We had very positive pro-
ductive meetings, learned
more about how the political
process works, and were en-
couraged to be continually in-
volved by everybody we work
with," he said, to get the issue
off the political agenda.
Stein said he supported tak-
ing the issue to "an interna-
tional Beth Din (rabbinic
court), and let everybody get
together to decide if there
Egypt'8 Foreign Minuter Esmat Abdel
Meguid (right) with, Israel Foreign Minister
Shimon Peres at the Foreign Ministry in
Jerusalem last week (July 20) on the first day
that "maybe it's time I'm no
have to be changes."
Noting that half of world
Jewry doesn't follow the letter
of Jewish law, he suggested
authority but there are plen-
ty of able and smart people
who sitting down could"
JTA/WZN News Photo
of Meguid's three-day visit to Israel. This is
the first visit to Israel by an Egyptian
minister in six years.
devise Jewish legal com-
promises that "satisfy 85 per-
cent" of Jews.

Friday, August 14, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 7
Bipartisan Move
To Close Down PLO Offices in U.S.
Continued from Page 5
State Department.
The PLO office in New York,
which has the status of an
Observer Mission to the
United Nations, is more pro-
blematic. Although the UN
Legal Counsel noted, in Oc-
tober, 1982, that "there are no
specific provisions relating to
permanent observation mis-
sions in the Charter, the Head-
quarters Agreement or the
Convention on the Privileges
and Immunities of the United
Nations," the United States
Government feels bound by its
Headquarters Agreement with
the UN to permit members of
the PLO Observer Mission to
carry out their official UN-
related functions.
The United Nations Office of
Legal Affairs has ruled that
"Permanent Observer Mis-
sions are not entitled to
diplomatic privileges or im-
munities ... If they are not
listed in the United States
diplomatic list, whatever
facilities they may be given in
the United States are merely
gestures of courtesy by the
United States authorities."
TATIVES accredited to the
UN are already currently
restricted to a 25-mile
geographic radius from the
UN, as are representatives of
some Communist countries.
Mr. Shultz has acknowledged,
moreover, that "we retain the
right to deny entry to, or ex-
pel, any individual PLO
representative directly im-
plicated in terrorist acts."
Advocates of the new
legislation contend that it is a
logical extension of existing
American policy and legisla-
tion. It should be noted that on
September 11, 1978, Assistant
Secretary of State Douglas J.
Bennet, Jr. wrote to Rep.
Stephen J. Solarz (D., N.Y.),
assuring him that PLO
members would not benefit
from the McGovern
The McGovern Amendment,
which was enacted to
demonstrate U.S. commitment
to the free travel provisions of
the Helsinki Final Act, provid-
ed that the Secretary of State
should recommend a waiver of
visa ineligibility for persons
who were ineligible solely on
grounds of their membership
in or affiliation with a
"proscribed" organization.
Mr. Bennet went on to declare:
an umbrella organization
which includes a number of
factions and individuals who
Frank R. Lautenberg
hold different views on ter-
rorism, the Department clear-
ly recognizes that significant
elements of the PLO do ad-
vocate, carry out or accept
responsibility for acts of ter-
rorism. As a matter of policy
we consider any official of the
PLO, and its designated or
self-proclaimed agents or
spokesmen, ineligible for
He added, however, that
"this ineligibility may be waiv-
ed under existing law ..." To
close this potential loophole,
Congressman Solarz introduc-
ed an amendment to the
McGovern language in the
State Department Authoriza-
tion Act of 1979 by inserting a
new subsection under Nonim-
migrant Visas Sec. 107 (2): "c"
This section does not apply
with respect to any alien who
is a member, officer, official,
representative, or spokesman
of the Palestine Liberation
On January 15, 1986, State
Department spokesman
Charles Redman reiterated
U.S. policy regarding visa
denial to terrorists.
"WITH THE narrow excep-
tion of those who espouse ter-
rorism, the United States does
not exclude aliens for purely
ideological reasons This
having been said, however,
overriding national security
concerns sometimes demand
that we exclude a particular
alien or class of aliens from the
United States For exam-
ple, it has been United States
policy, sanctioned by the Con-
Imagine water that tastes fresh and dear as a spring
Water without sodium, pollutants, or carbonation Water
with nothing added, nothing taken away That's water the
way it should taste That's fresh, pure Mountain Valley
Water from a natural spring m Hot Springs, Arkansas
Taste it. You'll be tasting water for the very first time
Purely for drinking.
563-6114 v
gress as recently as 1979, to
deny visas to members of the
PLO. Similarly, we will as a
matter of principle exclude in-
dividuals who personally ad-
vocate terrorism or who we
believe have participated in or
supported terrorist activities."
The current legislative effort
to close down the PLO offices,
its proponents point out,
would extend this established
U.S. policy to persons within
the United States who are in
the employ of the PLO.
Q. What of the charge that
this infringes first amend-
ment rights of free speech?
A. Proponents of the legisla-
tion stress that the proposed
law explicitly permits
Americans to continue "to
receive .. informational
material from the PLO."
Americans will also remain
free to espouse the views of
the PLO and even to con-
tribute to groups advocating
its positions. Indeed, there are
a considerable number of
American voluntary organiza-
tions, both Arab-American and
more generally constituted
groups, that openly advocate
Palestinian self-determination
and a role for the PLO in the
peace process."
IN FACT, James Zogby,
director of the Arab-American
Institute, has announced the
formation of the Commission
on American-Palestinian Rela-
tions. "If they close down the
PLO information offices-," Mr.
Zogby told the Washington
Post on June 29, "we will open
one of our own."
The proposed law would not
restrict the activities of such
indigenous American pro-PLO
groups. What the law would do
is to bar the PLO, a foreign
organization which the United
States Government declared
to be engaged in terrorism,
from carrying on business as
usual in the United States.
The important political and
diplomatic message that would
be sent by closing down the
Washington Office would be to
indicate to Latin American
and other governments, who
may be considering the open-
ing or upgrading of PLO mis-
sions in their capitals, that this
is contrary to our clear policy
against terrorist
IN ADDITION to the Solarz
Amendment, the United
States Government has taken
other actions to hamper the
PLO. For example, the U.S.
has announced that it will not
pay for certain programs of in-
ternational organizations in
which the PLO participates (22
U.S.C. Paragraph 2227 and 22
U.S.C. Paragraph 287e), and
instructed U.S. represen-
tatives to oppose PLO
membership in the Interna-
tional Monetary Fund (22
U.S.C. Paragraphs 286e-l,
Moreover, Congress has en-
shrined in legislation the
essence of Secretary of State
Henry Kissinger's September
1, 1975 Memorandum of
Agreement with Israel by
making it the statutory policy
of the United States not to
negotiate with the PLO until it
recognizes Israel's right to ex-
ist, and accepts UN Security
Council Resolutions 242 and
338. (P.L. 99-83, Title XIII,
Paragraph 1303).
Q. Is this action arbitrary
and lacking in due process?
A. Before any sanctions are
applied the matter must be
brought for a hearing before a
U.S. Federal District Court.
Critics of the bill have express-
ed concern that it appears to
single out a specific organiza-
tion. Proponents of the legisla-
tion respond that while the
Palestine Liberation Organiza-
tion is specifically mentioned
in the law, the target of the
legislation is not the PLO as a
national, ethnic, religious, or
political ideology.
directed explicitly at the ter-
rorist activities of the PLO.
There is a clear remedy within
the law to enable the PLO by
its own action at any time to be
freed of the restrictions in the
law. Section 5. (b) stipulates:
"The provisions of this Act
shall cease to have effect if the
President certifies in writing
to the President pro tempore
of the Senate and the Speaker
of the House that the Palestine
Liberation Organization, its
agents, or constituent groups
thereof no longer practice or
support terrorist activities
anywhere in the world."
Thus the basic intent of the
legislators is not to deprive
supporters of the PLO from
expressing their opinions, but
to induce the PLO to renounce
the use of terrorism. By reaf-
firming United States abhor-
rence of terrorism, the sup-
porters of this legislation also
hope to encourage the
emergence of Palestinian
leaders who are dedicated to a
peaceful resolution of the
Arab-Israel conflict.
*ov#> <*
DaD/Sven Simon
New political lineup in the SPD shows Willy Brandt (seated) as
he handed over leadership of the Social Democratic Party at a
special conference in Bonn to Hans-Jochen Vogel (left). Brandt
was voted Honorary President. Vogel's deputies as SPD leader
are Johannes Rau (right) and Oskar Lafontaine (center).
Jewish National Fund
rVaro*(Keren Kayemeth Leisrael)j
Redeems, Reclaims, Rebuilds the Land of Israel
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Dedication Ceremony in Israel and a
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Q Holiday Greetings
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Good Wishes
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KememlHT the J N F in your Will
Link your Name Klernallv with
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420 Lincoln Rd Suite 183, Miami Beach, FL 33139
Phone 538-K464

Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, August 14, 1987
Tributes Paid to Willy Brandt
As He Bows Out of Politics

Continued from Page 5-A
Walter Scheel's Free
Democrats as coalition part-
ner, he finally, third time
lucky, became the Federal
Republic's first SPD
He was forced to resign in
1974, nominally on account of
an East Berlin spy on his staff
at the Chancellor's Office.
His fall seemed final, with no
comeback envisaged. Political-
ly, healthwise and in private
life he went through his worst
crisis ever.
GERMAN leaders who fail
to make the grade have always
been put out to graze, but
Brandt, different in this as in
other respects, demonstrated
the staying power of which
even the unstable can be
He recovered and went on to
carve out an amazing late
career. It lasted 13 years,
perhaps a little too long, but it
bore fruit.
Any balance sheet of Willy
Brandt's life's work is bound
to begin in Berlin, where he
was Mayor from 1957 to 1966.
Under Mayor Brandt the
divided city demonstrated
resolution when times were
hard (he was mayor in 1961
when the Berlin Wall was
built), a cosmopolitan outlook
toward the West, readiness to
talk with the East and interna-
tional popularity.
Berlin was the acid test and
school for thought of a man
who led the Federal Republic.
Peres To Meet
Israeli Foreign Minister
Shimon Peres is scheduled to
meet with Soviet Foreign
Minister Eduard Shevard-
nadze here at the end of
September, diplomatic sources
disclosed Monday.
The two officials will meet
while attending the UN
General Assembly which is to
open here Sept. 21. Peres is
scheduled to arrive in New
York on Sept. 28, after Rosh
DIPLOMATS pointed out
that Israeli Foreign Ministers
have met in previous years
with top Soviet officials while
attending the General
Assembly. Therefore, they
noted, the meeting between
Peres and Shevardnadze
should not be viewed as
something unusual or as a
breakthrough in the relations
between the two countries.
The Soviet Union severed its
diplomatic relations with
Israel during the 1967 Six-Day
War and has not restored
them since. According to the
sources, Peres and Shevard-
nadze will discuss Soviet-
Israeli relations; an interna-
tional conference on Mideast
peace; and the situation of
Soviet Jews.
While in New York, Peres
will also meet with dozens of
diplomats, including represen-
tatives of East European and
African countries who do not
have at present diplomatic ties
with Israel.
sion of reunification and com-
ing to terms with the East, set-
ting seal to reconciliation by
concluding treaties with the
East Bloc, he laid a further im-
portant German policy
This courageous tour de
force of humanitarian common
sense was the historic achieve-
ment of a statesman and Nobel
peace laureate on whom views
still differ.
OSTPOLITIK, as the disar-
mament talks have again
shown, is not yet over by any
means, and no matter what
some politicians may believe,
Westpolitik is no substitute for
Yet under Brandt's suc-
cessor as Chancellor, Helmut
Schmidt, imagination paled in
dealings with the communist
THAT BEING so, one of
Brandt's underrated
achievements is to have stalled
SPD criticism of Helmut
Schmidt as a Chancellor
primarily interested in
economic affairs and crisis
Many Social Democrats took
a dim view of the dismissive at-
titude of their level-headed
Chancellor toward Utopias.
There were rumblings behind
the scenes.
Brandt held the wings of the
party together with paternal
tolerance and cloudy com-
promise formulas for as long
as the Free Democrats were
prepared to go along with the
SPD in joint harness in Bonn.
THEN THE bubble of the
SPD as the party of govern-
ment burst. In its final years in
power in Bonn the party simp-
ly lacked the strength to lend
constructive support to un-
popular exigencies of
Many Germans have paid too
little heed to Brandt's
worldwide reputation as a
friend of the developing coun-
This is yet another instance
of the prophet counting for
more abroad than in his own
country, where his kneeling in
front of the Warsawghetto
memorial in 1972, an atone-
ment gesture of almost
religious dimensions, is still
viewed with mixed feelings.
Yet internationally this
gesture bust dams of mistrust
and credibly testified to the
Germans having turned their
back on Nazi crimes.
As honorary president of the
SPD, a post specially created
for him, he is now resplendent
on a pedestal from which, at
times, he has seemed to
preside in the past.
camouflage the pose of stoic
impassivity in the face of vir-
tually irreconcilable conflict
between reformers and con-
servatives in the SPD.
It would be characteristic of
Willy Brandt, now he no
longer needs to bear con-
siderations of office in mind, if
he were to descend from his
pedestal more often and to
speak his mind (or write it).
Pleasure at being able to do
both should soon outweigh the
pain of having been little short
of being voted out of office as
SPD leader.
Amy Seligson, left, looks on as Adele Tauber
lights candles on a cake celebrating B'nai
B'rith Women's 90th birthday. Tauber is the
current president of BBW's first chapter, San
Francisco No. One, which grew from the
original group of 81* women who first met
together on August 18, 1897. Seligson is presi-
dent of BBW's Jewish Women's Network, the
newest chapter in San Francisco. Uniting
Jewish women to promote social advancement
through education, service and action, BBW
today has 120,000 members in 800 chapters
throughout the United States and Canada.
B'nai B'rith Women
Marks 90th Anniversary
B'nai B'rith Women,
celebrating its 90th Anniver-
sary this year, unites Jewish
women to promote social ad-
vancement through education,
service and action, conducts
programs and activities in the
U.S. and Israel addressing a
wide range of concerns. These
include the preservation of
Jewish life and values, ad-
vocacy for women, philan-
throphy and community
BBW's major contribution to
Israel for the past 36 years has
been its Children's Home and
Group House, residential
treatment centers for emo-
tionally disturbed boys. The
facilities have a worldwide
reputation for their unique
treatment program, which
substitutes human contact for
drugs and offers long-term
treatment of five years or
more. Recovery rate is 70 per-
cent and more than 1,000 of
the Home's graduates are now
productive members of Israeli
society as a result.
During BBW's 1987 Mission
to Israel last March, members
participated in the ground-
breaking for a new residential
cottage and expanded facilities
at the Children's Home.
BBW also sponsors the
Arab-Jewish project in Israel,
which is administered by the
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation
at Hebrew University. In
order to foster understanding
between Arabs and Jews, this
program brings together Arab
and Jewish students for
meetings, lectures and
outreach programs in Arab
Advocacy for and empower-
ment of women is the major
component of BBW's public af-
fairs agenda. BBW was the
first Jewish organization to
back the Equal Rights Amend-
ment, and has been a leader in
uniting Jewish women's
organizations on issues that af-
fect women at home and in the_
workplace. Last fall, BBW
hosted a Women and Work
conference for the 12-member
Leadership Conference of Na-
tional Jewish Women's
Organizations, where
representatives of two million
members agreed to focus their
combined efforts on attaining
parental/family leave, pay
equity and pension reform
BBW produces and
distributes educational
materials for its members
about these and other issues,
and conducts a variety of pro-
grams centered on the needs
of Jewish women today.
Members also participate in
leadership training, develop-
ing skills they can use in their
personal and professional
lives. In many cities, BBW
provides networking oppor-
tunities for Jewish career
women often the only
Jewish contact they
Another constant on the
BBW agenda is community
service. Many chapters con-
duct programs in hospitals,
nursing homes, schools and
other facilities. In Taycoopera-
tion with the March of Dimes,
the organization's Operation
Stork program focuses on
preventing teenage pregnan-
cies and promoting prenatal
care, and Project Gene pro-
vides education on Tay-Sachs
and other genetic diseases.
Throughout its history,
B'nai B'rith Women has re-
mained firmly connected to its
Jewish roots. BBW supports
the B'nai B'rith Youth
Organization and Hillel, which
give high school and college
students the opportunity to ex-
plore their heritage and to
socialize with other Jewish
youth. BBW also supports and
works with the B'nai B'rith
Anti-Defamation League to
combat anti-Semitism.
A convenor of the Women's
Plea for Soviet Jewry for more
than a decade, B'nai B'rith
Women actively seeks freedom
for Soviet Jews, and recently
launched an "Honor a
Refusenik" program which
allows chapters and individual
members to purchase
honorary BBW memberships
for refusenik women.
The new "Creating Jewish
Memories" program further
demonstrates BBW's commit-
ment to the preservation of
Jewish life and values. The
20-minute slide show features
men and women who describe
their Jewish memories, at-
titudes and conflicts in an at-
tempt to determine what
shaped their identity as Jews.
The program is being utiliz-
ed by Jewish community
centers, synagogues and
schools as well as by BBW
members, to stimulate thought
and discussion about the com-
plex question of how to pass on
Jewish values to their children.
"As BBW continues to pur-
sue the rights of women and
undertake programs to
preserve Jewish values, it
gives its members the unique
opportunity to express the
dual dimensions of their identi-
ty as women and as Jews,"
said BBW President Irma
"Over the past 90 years, we
have continually met the
challenge of change, both in
the world around us and in the
needs of our members," she
added. "On this important
milestone for our organization,
we can look back with great
pride on what we have ac-
complished, and look forward
with confidence to what we
will achieve ;in our next 90

Friday, August 14, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-HoHywood Page 9
4 Arms Merchants
Favored by U.S. Judge's Decisions
bur Israeli arms merchants
:harged here with conspiracy
x> sell U.S. weapons in Israeli
stockpiles to Iran without U.S.
government approval face
substantially reduced penalties
ifter a U.S. District judge here
)rdered the dismissal of 46 of
he 50 counts of the indictment
ast Thursday (July 30).
The Israeli defendants, Guri
md Israel Eisenberg, Gen.
Avraham Bar-Am and William
Northrop, who is a temporary
esident of Israel, are all in
srael awaiting their trial
scheduled to begin here Oct.
19. Thirteen othe people or
ompanies are named in the in-
dictment including alleged
middleman, Samuel Evans,
the British attorney for Adnan
Khashoggi, whom the U.S.
government relied on in con-
ducting its own covert sales of
arms to Iran.
District Judge Leonard Sand
came only a day after Attorney
General Edwin Meese testify-
ing on Capitol Hill in the
Iran/Contra hearing was
specifically questioned by Sen.
Warren Rudman (R., N.H.)
about his knowledge of this
case. But the reasons for the
dismissal given had no connec-
tion to recent revelations
about the case by investigators
or the press.
Instead, a Supreme Court
decision last month on an in-
surance scheme in Kentucky
set a precedent which proved
decisive in this case. The 46
counts which Sand dismissed
charged the defendants with
using the United States
government or the U.S. mail
to defraud the U.S. govern-
ment. The 46 counts charged
specifically wire and mail
fraud in attempts to deceive
the United States Munitions
Department into approving
"the resale of American
weapons which had been
transferred to Israel.
America sells weapons to
srael on condition that any
esale of the weapons be subj-
ect to U.S. approval. The in-
dictment charges that the
defendants attempted to
misrepresent the country to
which they wanted to resell
he weapons in order to obtain
J.S. approval for the sales.
IN THE Kentucky case,
WcNally vs. State of Ken-
ucky, the Supreme Court rul-
ed that wire and mail fraud
charges are predicated on
depriving the government of
hioney and/or property and
not of some "intangible" pro-
perty right such as the right to
The analogy in the arms case
s that the property under
juestion in the wire and mail
raud counts is the right of the
unitions Control office to ap-
rove the resale of weapons,
ut the 46 counts do not
harge that the defendants
frauded or conspired to
defraud the U.S. government
out of money and/or property.
The defense counsel for
Evans, Paul Grand and
Lawrence Bader, filed the mo-
tion to dismiss the 46 counts
on the grounds that no money
or property was at stake in the
fraud charges. Sand agreed
with the argument in his ruling
to grant the motion. "The
issue presented is a close and
novel one," Sand said.
granted the motion to dismiss
on the basis of the McNally
case, a good deal of compelling
evidence has been presented
during past months to support
the main defense theory put
forth by the defendants and
their attorneys that the U.S.
government knew of and ap-
proved the arms deals in ques-
tion in the indictment.
Thursday, Evans' attorney
Bader presented a declassified
government document to the
court which supported the
defense's theory. The docu-
ment written by the late
CIA director William Casey to
former National Security Ad-
visor to President Reagan
Adm. John Poindexter
discussed a meeting between
Casey and his close friend Roy
Furmark. Furmark has emerg-
ed as one of a group of Cana-
dian financiers of the early
shipments of American-made
weapons in Israeli stockpiles
to Iran.
"The only doubtful answer
he gave was in reply to a ques-
tion as to whether some of the
principals were involved in the
sting operation," Casey wrote
to Poindexter.
"PRINCIPALS" referred
to the principal actors in the
U.S. approved arms sales
under scrutiny by the Congres-
sional committee and the in-
dependent counsel currently.
The "sting operation" refer-
red to the case in New York
which was developed with the
help of Iranian-arms-
informant Cyrus Hashemi,
who worked for the U.S.
Customs Office posing as an
Iranian arms dealer to "sting"
the defendants.
"Roy (Furmark) said that
none of the principals were in-
volved, however one of the
players, lawyer Samuel Evans,
was the major indictee and is
free on $4.5 million bond. Roy
claims that Evans owes him
$200,000," Casey wrote.
The Justice Department has
denied any connection bet-
ween the New York case and
the officially sanctioned arms
sales to Iran on Wednesday
(July 29), Rudman asked
Meese testifying under oath if
the Justice Department had
misrepresented the facts to
the U.S. District Attorney's
office in Manhattan. Meese
said he only had a general
knowledge of the case,
although defense attorneys
were led to believe Meese con-
ducted the inquiry into
whether the deals detailed in
the indictment had received
Administration approval.
Swiss Up
Their Security
Swiss government is increas-
ing its security at installations
and for its nationals abroad
after receiving a warning from
an extremist terrorist group
based in Lebanon that it would
seek retaliation for the arrest
and pending trial of a Shiite hi-
jacker who killed a passenger
on an Air Afrique jet July 23 at
the Geneva airport.
Successful retirees make
The Court part of
their portfolio...
t The Court at Palm-Aire,
we understand how hard
you have worked to achieve
your financial success. And
now that you have retired, preserving
your hard-earned assets for the futuie is a
priority, be it for yourself or your heirs. At
this time, the Court offers a simple rental
plan, which allows you to keep your
assets in tact, without the need for a large
endowment fee. Unlike many residential
retirement communities, no large cash
investment is necessary.
The Court is a special resort-like adult
community, part of the World of Palm-
Aire in Pompano Beach, Florida. Here,
residents maintain busy, resourceful
lifestyles, free of the worries of home
upkeep. The Court takes care of all house-
keeping and linen services. We also pm-
vide up to three meals everyday in our
elegant dining n>om. And, most impor-
tantly, the comfort and assurance of
24-hour emergency nursing services is
provided for residents should the need
ever arise. All this, plus round the clock
security to protect you and your belong-
ings. The Court offers what ordinary
retirement communities cannot peace
of mind.
You'll have your choice of elegant apart-
ment homes, each offering complete
kitchen, screened porch or balcony,
safety-oriented bath, and a total package
of luxury amenities.
An activity-filled lifestyle is available
to you at our own on-site facilities and
armind the Pompano Beach area, via our
regularly scheduled transportation.
The Court is managed by Palm Court
Management. Inc.. an affiliate of the
Kaplan Organization. devck>pers of qual-
ity communities for over 35 years.
Call or write today to find out how to
add The Court to your portfolio
I'm All TO
at 'Itotm-Aiiv
2701 N. Course Drive
Pompano Beach. Fl. 33069
UI would Hke to leorn more about The Court at Potm-Aire. please provide more information
Dept. JF 814
The Court at Pelm-Ake, 2701 N. Coutm Oh*. Pompano Bmc*. FL

Page 10 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, August 14, 1987
South Florida Choral Group Holds Auditions
For 1987-'88 Concert Season and European Tour
The Nova University Com-
munity Singers will hold audi-
tions for the 1987-88 season on
two consecutive Tuesdays:
Aug. 25 and Sept. 1. Regular
rehearsals begin the Tuesday
following Labor Day, (Sept. 8)
and continue each Tuesday
evening from 7 until 9:45 p.m.
at Hollywood Hills High
School in Hollywood.
Auditions for the group will
be held in the choral music
room at Hollywood Hills High
School, 5400 Stirling Road,
beginning at 7 p.m. All voice
ranges are welcome and audi-
tions are held in informal
quartets. Some ability to read
music is required as well as a
genuine enthusiasm for
A 12-year-old choral
organization, the Nova Univer-
sity Community Singers per-
forms a number of concerts in
both fall and spring each year.
Past performances have in-
cluded participation with the
Florida Chamber Orchestra
and the Greater Miami Sym-
phony. The repertoire varies
with both sacred and secular
music and has included
Leonard Bernstein's
Chichester Psalms, Carmina
Burana, Handel's Messiah, the
Block Sacred Service, a
number of works by the old
masters like Bach as well as
newer Broadway and pop
Under the direction of
Peggy Joyce Barber and Dana
Davis, both experienced music
educators, performers and
clinicians, the Nova Singers
perform at the tri-county area
churches, schools, major con-
cert halls including Parker
Playhouse, Sunrise Musical
Theatre, Miami's TOPA and
Convention Center, as well as
Miami's Bayside, the Universi-
ty of Florida/Gainesville (in a
joint concert with the
Gainesville Community
The Nova Singers will per-
form in July, 1988 at the two
most prestigious song festivals
in the world the Haydn
Festival in Eisenstadt and the
Mozart Festival in Salzburg,
Plans are also under way for
a concert before the American
troops based in Frankfurt,
West Germany on the Fourth
of July, 1988.
Additional information is
available from John List,
Brazil Protests Iran Distribution of 'Protocols'
Brazil has protested to Iran
for publishing and distributing
a Portuguese translation of
the "Protocols of the Elders of
Zion." The Iranian charge
d'affaires in Brasilia,
Mouhmud Entiaz, was called
to the Brazilian Foreign
Ministry, where he was har-
shly admonished. He was told
that the "Protocols" are a
racist and anti-Semitic
falsification forbidden by law
in Brazil and that distribution
of the book must be stopped.
The Iranian diplomat said
that the "Protocols" were ge-
nuine because they were
"adopted by the First Zionist
Congress in Basel" but pro-
mised, however, to stop their
distribution. The "Protocols"
UN Files
Go to Israel
(JTA) Israel received last
Thursday (July 23) from the
UN archive on Nazi war
criminals copies of 1,500 files.
This would bring the total
number of files obtained by the
Israeli government from the
UN archive to 2,347.
The archive, which has about
40,000 files, was established
by the former members of the
United Nations War Crimes
Commission after World War
II. The archive is located in
Manhattan. At present, only
government members of the
UN are allowed to inspect the
A spokesman for the Israel
UN Mission told the Jewish
Telegraphic Agency that three
files among those given to
Israel are those of Dr. Ludwig
Fischer, the governor of War-
saw during the war, who
deported tens of thousands of
v Jews to concentration death
camps. He was sentenced to
death by a Polish court and ex-
ecuted in 1947;
Dr. Erich Gruen, who con-
ducted medical experiments on
Jewish prisoners in the
Maidanek concentration camp
and murdered Jewish and non-
Jewish inmates, his
whereabouts are not known.
have been on sale in Brazil
since February of this year
after several years' absence in
the country. Several publica-
tions in Sao Paulo asked in-
terested persons to send 94
Cruzados (about $2) per copy
to the unidentified P.O. Box
3331 in Sao Paulo.
In 1984, the Iranian Em-
bassy in London marked the
fifth anniversary of the over-
throw of the Shah by printing
a summary of the "Protocols"
in an English magazine, Im-
am, in which the Iranians
described Zionism as "an
enemy of humanity" and said
that the "Protocols" were "be-
ing adhered to word by word
the Jewish-influenced Western
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we w11 (one tnquirucs rlease call 96 i 8 i i i
Looking over a sampling of the dozen Torah Journals published
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CALL: 531-2206

Temple Update
Friday^ August 14, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 11
Temple Beth Ahm
Temple Beth Ahm's Shabbat
Services begin Friday, Aug. 14
at 8 p.m. with Rabbi Avraham
Kapnek officiating and Cantor
Eric Lindenbaum chanting the
Services begin Saturday,
Aug. 15 at 8:45 a.m., and daily
minyan meets at 8 a.m.
Registration is now being
taken for the Early Childhood
Program and Religious School.
For more information call the
Temple office at 431-5100.
Reservations are now being
taken for the High Holiday
services in the Sanctuary, con-
ducted by Rabbi Avraham
Kapnek and Cantor Eric
Lindenbaum. Concurrent ser-
vices will be held at Cooper Ci-
ty High School Auditorium for
the High Holidays, conducted
by Cantor Neal Spevack.
Donation is $40 per ticket. For
more information call the Tem-
ple office.
There will be an Open House
on Sunday, Aug. 16 from 10 to
Temple Beth-El
Friday evening, Aug. 21,
Temple Beth-El's Services will
be conducted by Rabbi Samuel
Z. Jaffe in the Sanctuary at 8
p.m. All are cordially invited to
attend services, which will be
in progress throughout the en-
tire summer.
The flowers on the Bima and
the Oneg Shabbat are being
sponsored by the Sisterhood of
Temple Beth El.
Saturday morning Shabbat
Services will resume in the
Friday evening, Aug. 28,
Services will be conducted by
Rabbi Rachel Hertzman in the
Sanctuary at 8 p.m. Rabbi
Hertzman is the Youth Direc-
tor of Temple Kol Ami in Fort
Lauderdale and also serves'as
Outreach Chairperson for the
Southeast Council of UAHC.
The flowers on the Bima and
the Oneg Shabbat are being
sponsored by the Sisterhood of
Temple Beth El.
A ten-week course entitled
"Introduction to Judaism" is
being offered to the
community-at-large as an
outreach program to those
who are interested in becom-
ing Jews by Choice. The course
will start Tuesday, Sept. 1 at
7:30 p.m.
Classes will meet regularly
on Tuesday evenings between
7:30 and 9 p.m. and will deal
with basic Jewish concepts and
practices. The first five ses-
sions will be taught by Rabbi
Samuel Z. Jaffe at Temple
Beth El, 1351 So. 14th Ave.,
Hollywood, and the last five
sessions will be taught by Rab-
bi Morton Malavsky at Temple
Beth Shalom, 1400 No. 46th
Ave., Hollywood.
For further information,
please call 920-8225 (Temple
Beth-El) or 981-6111 (Temple
Beth Shalom).
Temple Sinai
Temple Sinai's Friday Even-
ing Sabbath Service on Aug.
14 will begin at 8 p.m. in the
Louis Zinn Chapel. Lay Rabbi
will be Stephen Platt, a
member of the Temple Board
of Governors. Paula Platt will
be Lay Cantor. Mrs. Platt
serves as Treasurer of Temple
Sinai. Heidi Platt will bless the
Sabbath candles and Norman
and Pauline Platt will open the
On Saturday morning, Aug.
15, Sabbath Services begin at
9 a.m. in the Chapel with Rab-
bi Richard J. Margolis
The Friday Evening Sabbath
Service on Aug. 21 will begin
at 8 p.m. in the Chapel. Past-
president Joseph Kleiinan will
be the Lay Rabbi with Larry
Finkelstein as Lay Cantor.
Sonia Kleiman will bless the
Sabbath candles and Temple
members will participate in the
responsive readings for the
On Saturday morning, Aug.
22, the Sabbath Service begins
at 9 a.m. in the Chapel with
Rabbi Richard J. Margolis
The Temple Sinai Young
Singles (ages 20-35) will pre-
sent a Dance on Saturday,
Aug. 15 at 8 p.m. in Haber
Karp Hall at Temple Sinai. A
disc jockey will be featured
and the admission of $7 in-
cludes snacks and one free
drink. For further information
call the Temple office
Temple Sinai Young Singles
will hold a Picnic on Sunday,
Aug. 30 at 11 a.m. at West
Lake Park, 1200 Sheridan St.,
Hollywood. There will be a
barbecue, softball, volleyball
and other activities to enjoy.
-* (Conservative)
presents at the
5748 High Holy Day Services 19*7
conducted by
Rabbi Emeritus
September 23,24 & 25
All Seats Reserved
Prayer Books, Teleisim & Skull Caps Provided
Tickets May Be Purchased At The
Temple Sinai Office
1201 Johnson Street, Hollywood 920-1577
Admission is $5. For further
information, call the Temple
Registration is now open for
the fall semester of the Paul B.
Anton Religious School. Pre-
Kindergarten through Second
Grade classes meet on Sunday
mornings, and for Grades
Aleph through Confirmation
on Tuesdays and Thursdays
after public school. For more
information, contact Sandra
Ross, Educational Director of
Temple Sinai.
Membership in Temple Sinai
includes High Holy Day
tickets. Rosh Hashanah begins
on Wednesday, Sept. 23 and
continues through Friday,
Sept. 25. Kol Nidre is Friday,
Oct. 2 and Yom Kippur is
Saturday, Oct. 3. For informa-
tion regarding membership in
Temple Sinai, please call the
Temple office.
Auxiliary High Holiday Ser-
vices at the Diplomat Hotel
will be conducted by Rabbi
Emeritus David Shapiro and
Cantor William W. Lipson.
Tickets are available at the
Temple office.
The Hillcrest Auxiliary High
Holiday Service will be con-
ducted by Rabbi Reuben
Luckens and Cantor Harry
Altman. Tickets are available
at the Hillcrest Playdium
It's A Family Affair at the
Paul B. Anton Religious
School of Temple Sinai. The
theme of the 1987-88 School
year will be MISHPACHA -
family. All holiday programs
will be planned around this
theme, with participation by
everyone, from our youngest
children to our oldest
members. So join the Temple
Sinai Family.
The School begins with pre-
kindergarten and continues
through high school. Pre-
kindergarten, first and second
grade classes meet every Sun-
day morning from 9 a.m. to
noon. The students learn about
the holidays and the Jewish
calendar, and Second graders
begin to learn the letters of the
Hebrew alphabet through a
reading-readiness program.
Third graders begin the
serious study of Hebrew
reading so that they can par-
ticipate in worship services,
and the study of Jewish holi-
day practices becomes an im-
portant part of the curriculum
as the children advance to
higher grade levels. Third
through seventh graders at-
tend Religious School three
times a week on Tuesdays
and Thursdays from 4:30 to 6
p.m., as well as on Sunday
The curriculum is filled with
motivational methods that
relate to the age of the
Through study and par-
ticipation, each student in the
School receives a solid founda-
tion of Jewish learning for his
or her future life as a Jew.
The faculty at Temple Sinai
has been chosen for their
knowledge and teaching abili-
ty, for their understanding and
for their love of children.
Temple Sinai's Hornstein
Library, one of the finest in
South Florida, houses more
than 5,000 books. The students
use the library to enrich their
studies, and this coming year a
program will be instituted to
encourage more adults to use
this fine facility.
DOR L'DOR from one
generation to another is a
program that will become an
integral part of the curriculum
of the Paul B. Anton Religious
School of Temple Sinai in the
coming year. The program is
based on the Jewish tradition
of a melamed or elder of the
Synagogue enriching the lear-
ning process of a child.
Knowledgeable older adults of
today have much to offer
young people. By bringing the
two groups together and
through the ongoing interac-
tion programs, this tradition is
Rabbi Richard J. Margolis is
the spiritual leader of the Con-
gregation, and Sandra Ross is
the Director of Education. For
further information, please
call 920-1577.
Sberwin H. Roeenstein, Executive
Being male and single
(bachelor) has always been a
positive state in our society.
With the change in our culture
during the last 20 years,
women are now considering
being single as desirable. We
have erased the notion that be-
ing alone is necessarily a lone-
ly position.
Single people have much to
contribute and constitute a
very meaningful segment of
our society. The single life can
be full of self-discovery, adven-
ture, and excitement.
However, the single person,
like everyone else, might need
help to get there. Jewish Fami-
ly Service of Broward County
provides counseling to many
single people who are willing
to work at learning to achieve
this sense of fulfillment.
What happens when so-
meone who has been married
is suddenly alone because of
death or divorce? The loss can
be extremely painful; being
alone can be terrifying, and
the reattainment of the
positive aspects of single life
can appear unreachable. Some
will never forget the loss.
However, one does not have to
forget a loss to carry on. Most
people can go on with their
lives following a death or a
For those who may be ex-
periencing difficulties follow-
ing their loss, Jewish Family
Service of Broward County
can provide the support,
reassurance and caring a per-
son may need. We can also
help the individual to get in
touch with his or her own
resources and strengths and,
thereby regain a sense of self
as a whole and well-
functioning human being.
If you would like to depart
on a self-discovery explora-
tion, give us a call. Jewish
Family Service of Broward
County can be reached at
749-1505 in Fort Lauderdale,
or 966-0956 in Hollywood.
Jewish Family Service of
Broward County is a
beneficiary agency of the
Jewish Federation of Greater
Fort Lauderdale, the Jewish
Federation of South Broward,
and The United Way of
Broward County.
III II.1111 N\
NOVEMBER 18-22 1987
Religious directory
rajagslisa Levi Yftsebek Uibavitch. 1296 E. Hallandale Beach Blvd.. Hallan
dale; 458-1877. Rabbi Rafael Tennenhaua. Daily service* 7:55 a.m., 6:30p.m.; Friday
evening, 6:30 p.m.; Saturday morning, 9 a.m., Saturday evening, 7:30 p.m., Sunday
8:30 a.m. and 6:30 p.m. Religious school: Grades 1-8. Nursery school Monday
through Friday.
Yoaag Israel of Hollywood 3291 Stirling Road; 966-7877, Rabbi Edward Davis.
Daily services, 7:30 a.m., sundown; Sabbath services, one hour before sundown; Sab-
bath morning, 9 o'clock; Sunday, 8 a.m.
nillshis Jewish Ceater 416 NE 8th Ave.; 454-9100. Rabbi Carl Klein. Daily
services, 8:30 a.m., 6:30 p.m.; Sabbath 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 8:45 a.m.
Teaaple Bath Shales* 1400 N. 46th Ave.. Hollywood; 981-8111. Rabbi Morton
Malavsky. Daily services, 7:46 a.m., sundown; Sabbath evening, 8:16p.m.; Sabbath
morning, 9 o'clock. Religious school: Kindergarten-8.
Tsaaale Beth Abas 9730 Stirling Road, Hollywood; 431-6100. Rabbi Avraham
Kapnek. Services daily 8 a.m.; Sabbath 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning 8:45 a. m. Religious
School: Nursery. Bar Mitavah, Judaica High School.
Tssastle Israel ef Marasasr 6920 SW S5th St.; 961-1700. Rabbi Raphael Adler.
Daily services, 8:30 a.m., Sabbath, 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 8:45 a.m. Religious
School: pre-kindergarten-8.
Teaaate Basal 1201 Johnson St., Hollywood: 920-1577. Rabbi Richard J. Margolis.
8 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 9 a.m. Religious school: Pre-kindergarten-Judaica High
Testate Beth El 1351 S. 14th Ave.. Hollywood; 920-8225. Rabbi Samuel Z. Jaffe.
Sabbath evening8 p.m. Sabbath morning 11 am Religious school: Grades K-10.
TeaapU Beth Bast 10801 Pembroke Road, Pembroke Pines: 431-3638. Rabbi
Bennett Greenapon. Sabbath services, 8:16 p.m. First Friday of the month we meet
at 7:30 p.m. Religious school: Pre-kindergarten 10
Tssaple Sets! 5100 Sheridan St., Hollywood: 989-0205. Rabbi Robert P. Frazin
Sabbath services, 8:15 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 10:30 a.m. Religiou? school: Pre
Rasaet Shales 11301 W. Broward Blvd., Plantation: 472-3600. Rabbi Elliot
Skidell. Sabbath services, 8:15 p.m. Religious school: Pre-kindergarten-8.

Page 12 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, August 14, ltfY
Israelis Bar Redefining of a Jew, Posing Threat to Rule by Shamir
Editor's Note: Reprinted from
The New York Times; by Thomas
L. Friedman.
JERUSALEM Parliament
narrowly rejected three bills
recently that were aimed at
redefining the official Israeli posi-
tion on who is a Jew. The bills
would have effectively denied the
legitimacy of Reform and Conser-
vative Judaism.
Votes by five Arab members of
Parliament and one Druse were
critical in defeating, by 62 to 53,
the most important of the three
bills, which was an amendment to
the Law of Return.
That law currently provides
that any Jew in the world can
come to Israel and obtain im-
mediate citizenship. For the pur-
poses of that law, the Government
defines a Jew as anyone born of a
Jewish mother or converted to
Judaism. The defeated amend-
ments, which was introduced by
religious parties, would have add-
ed the words converted to
Judaism "according to the
Halacha," or Jewish law.
A Blow to Shamir
Since Israel's state-appointed
Chief Rabbis, who come from the
Orthodox stream of Judaism, do
not recognize Reform and Conser-
vative rabbis as authentic agents
of Jewish law, anyone converted
by such rabbis would not have
been considered a Jew in Israel or
eligible for automatic citizenship
if the amendment had been
The fact that the three bills
were defeated by a combination of
Labor and small leftist and Arab
parties was viewed as a political
blow to Prime Minister Yitzhak
Shamir. Even though he carried
out his part of a bargain with the
religious parties, one of them,
most likely Shas, a rigidly Or-
thodox one, may try to bring down
his Government in anger in com-
ing weeks.
Secular Parliament Criticized
"The critical role played by the
Arab members of Parliament in
defeating these bills just points up
how absurd it is that a secular
Parliament should be legislating
on who is a Jew," said Rabbi
Richard Hirsch, head of the inter-
national Reform movement, with
headquarters in Jerusalem.
"What it came down to was six
Arabs sitting in Jerusalem deter-
mining who is a Jew in New York,
Melbourne, London and
All three of the defeated bills
were inspired by Israel's small
religious parties and supported by
the Likud bloc, led by Mr. Shamir.
Likud's backing was given in
return for the smaller parties'
support of Mr. Shamir against
Foreign Minister Shimon Peres,
the Labor Party leader, and his ef-
forts to bring down the Govern-
ment or to organize an interna-
tional peace conference on the
Middle East.
The 120-seat Parliament also
defeated, by 69 votes to 40, a bill
that would have pardoned all the
still imprisoned Jewish terrorists
who were involved in attacks on
Palestinians in the West Bank in
1985. Eight of the original 28
Jewish terrorists are still in jail
three of them serving sentences
for murdering Arabs.
Shamir Backs Pardon
In an unexpected move, Mr.
Shamir voted in favor of the
blanket pardon of the convicted
terrorists, while Mr. Peres and his
party voted with the majority
When the sponsor of the pardon
bill, Avraham Verdiger of the
Morasha Party, declared on the
floor of Parliament that his law
had a broad base of public sup-
port, a left-wing legislator, Yossi
Sarid, jumped up and shouted:
"Lie! Lie!"
Up until the last votes were cast
on the three bills, it was not clear
what the outcome would be.
Leaders of the American Reform
and Conservative movements, as
well as the United Jewish Appeal,
which raises money in America
for Israel, had flooded Parliament
with phone calls and telegrams
urging members to reject the bills.
American Jews Are Voicing Their Disquiet
Editor's Note: Reprinted from
The New York Times, The Week in'
TEL AVIV In the months
since the revelations about Israeli
espionage in Washington, Israel's
role in the Iran arms affair, and
numerous embarrassing squab-
bles in the Israeli Government, of-
ficials here have been closely
monitoring American opinion
polls to see if these episodes have
affected Israel's standing.
According to several American
polling experts now visiting
Israel, the findings have been
rather surprising: Israel's stan-
ding with the American public re-
mains high, largely untouched by
the recent scandals. But at the
same time, its standing with
American Jewish leaders has, to
some extent, been negatively
"What frightened American
Jews most about the Pollard affair
was what it said about Israel's
judgment," said Steven Spiegel of
the University of California at Los
Angeles, an expert on American
attitudes about the Middle East.
"It is not that American Jewish
leaders came away saying, 'By
golly, we should back away from
Israel.' They said, 'By golly, what
is wrong with the Israelis? They
have a scandal a week.' "
The conclusion of many
American Jewish leaders, Pro-
fessor Spiegel said, was that they
should become more actively in-
volved with Israeli policymaking
and speak out, critically when
necessary, on the assumption that
"Israel is too important to be left
to Israelis."
The mood was clearly echoed
during recent meetings of the
Jewish Agency Assembly, an um-
brella organization that links in-
ternational Jewish fund-raising
and immigration-promoting
groups with Israeli institutions.
Among the organizations is the
American United Jewish Appeal,
which last year sent $350 million
to Israel. Many of the American
delegates to the meetings called
for greater accountability by
Israel on how donated money is
spent, particularly to insure that
it goes to projects that reflect
American values of religious
tolerance, democratic education
and pluralism.
Moreover, a delegation led by the
national chairman of the United
Jewish Appeal, Martin Stein,
delivered an unusually vigorous
warning to Prime Minister Yit-
zhak Shamir. They told him that if
Mr. Shamir and the Parliament
accept ultraorthodox party
demands to change the official
definition of who is a Jew, a step
that could ejfectively delegitimize
the Reform and Conservative
branches of Judaism, the change
would have a major negative im-
pact on American Jewish dona-
tions to Israel. The issue is one
that produces a visceral response,
among American Jews, Mr. Stein
reportedly told Mr. Shamir.
American Jews may indeed be
getting freer with their advice, an
Israeli official said, "but I doubt
that this will have much impact
here. The power is with those who
are here and American Jews just
are not here. You cannot come
over three times a year and expect
to have your advice taken serious-
ly." According to Professor
Spiegel, American Jewish leaders
are increasingly willing to talk
tough to their Israeli counter-
parts, partly because they feel
that Americans have become so
sympathetic to Israel that the old
hesitancy about washing dirty
linen in public has slightly
'Motherhood' Values
For example, in a Washington
Post-ABC News Poll last year,
after Israeli spying in Washington
had been revealed, 54 percent of
Americans rated Israel as "a
reliable ally." The approval vir-
tually matched an identical poll
just before the Israeli invasion of
Lebanon in 1982. And in a Roper
poll this year, only 5 percent blam-
ed Israel for the Iran-Contra
"Support for Israel has been
strong, steady and durable," said
Gary Orren, an expert on opinion
surveys at Harvard University.
"Even when it goes down, it
always seems to bounce back." He
offered several reasons. First,
Americans identify more closely
with Israelis than with most other
foreigners. "Whenever you ask in
polls, 'Why do you like Israel?' the
answer that always comes up is:
'They are like us,' Mr. Orren
Second, Israel is perceived as
reflecting certain desirable "apple
pie and motherhood" values.
Americans, he said, are apt to
regard Israel as "principled," an
"ally in the face of Soviets," and
most of all, "strong" and "suc-
cessful." Americans, especially
the young, identify with strength
and winners, Mr. Orren said, and
Israel's American support is
highest among young people.
While Israel has recently behav-
ed in ways that might have seem-
ed inconsistent with some of the
motherhood values, it has been in-
sulated by the general ignorance
of foreign news in the United
States. A recent New York
Times/CBS Poll found that only
18 percent knew that Jonathan
Jay Pollard, a United States Navy
intelligence analyst, had spied for
Israel has also benefited enor-
mously because its behavior has
been overshadowed by such Arab-
related anti-American incidents as
the hijacking of the Italian cruise
ship Achille Lauro in the Mediter-
ranean and Libyan- and Syrian-
sponsored terrorism, Mr. Orren
Finally, and perhaps most im-
portantly, President Reagan has
set a positive tone about Israel
and has been tolerant of its ex-
cesses, probably more so than any
previous President. Because of
the influence of the President on
the News and the issues that are
debated, his attitudes have en-
joyed a wide echo in American
public opinion, an effect that could
change with a new
Rabbi Chaim Druckman, of the
right-wing Morasha religious par-
ty, took the podium and argued in
favor of the amendments defining
who is a Jew, declaring that even
the kibbutz Degania had banned
foreign workers because of all the
intermarriage that was taking
place there. But he was shouted
down by members of the left-wing
Mapam Party, who declared that
the kibbutz Degania banned
foreign workers "not because
they worried about assimilation
but because they were worried
about AIDS."
Most Likud members said
privately that they were against
all the bills, because approval
might split the Jewish world, but
said they had to vote for the
measures because of the agree-
ment between Mr. Shamir and the
leaders of the rigidly Orthodox
Shas party.
Aside from the bill amending
the Law of Return, the two other
bills proposed to grant Israel's
two Chief Rabbis total authority
over determining who can be
registered as a Jew in Israel. At
the moment, that power is vested
in bureaucrats who do not ex-
amine whether someone con-
verted to Judaism was converted
by an Orthodox, Reform or Con-
servative rabbi as the Chief
Rabbis would.
The Likud version of that bill
was rejected 63 to 51 and the Shas
version 60 to 56. The difference
had to do with the fact that some
Likud members were not afraid to
vote against their own bill, but
were afraid to vote against Shas
because of the deal Mr. Shamir
had struck with them.
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