The Jewish Floridian of South Broward

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Title:
The Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Running title:
Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood
Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood
Uncontrolled:
Jewish Floridian of South County
Physical Description:
Newspaper
Language:
English
Publisher:
Fred Shochet
Place of Publication:
Hollywood, Fla

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Hollywood (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Broward County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Broward -- Hollywood

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 13, no. 23 (Nov. 11, 1983)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issue for July 7, 1989 called no. 11 but constitutes no. 13.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statement conflict: Aug. 4, 1989 called no. 14 in masthead and no. 15 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.
General Note:
Title from caption.

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University of Florida
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Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44513894
lccn - sn 00229542
ocm44513894
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AA00014306:00085

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Full Text
BULK RATE
U.S. POSTAGE
PAID
MALI ANOAl I f tORlDA
PERMIT NO. 324
Volume 17 Number 8
Hollywood, Florida Friday, March 13, 1987
Mideast Cities In Israel's A-Sights
Gu

--' .. AP/Wide World Photo
%!?* Va ?T fSP1' ?fns?ated in flnn Uut week fr the recognition of the Palestine Liberation Organiza-
tion by the Federal Republic of West Germany. *^
Shamir Vows
Yordim Must Be Enticed Back to Life in Israel
By ANDREW MUCHIN
NEW YORK (JTA) -
The business of government
was not Israeli Premier Yit-
zhak Shamir's only reason
for visiting the United
States last month. He also
came with Jewish concerns.
And as of Monday morning
(Feb. 23), when he met with a
dozen editors of the Jewish press
at the Regency Hotel here,
Shamir said he had found willing
listeners to his worries about
Israelis apd Soviet Jews going to
live in the United States and the
various branches of Judaism go-
ing at each other. "Since the last
year I have tried to concentrate
my efforts on Jewish problems."
he explained.
THE PREMIER said he of-
fered to 1,200 yordim (Israeli
emigrants) he spoke to Sunday in
Encino, Calif., the services of the
Absorption Ministry to help them
find jobs and housing in Israel and
cope with personal problems.
"It was a start of a campaign,"
he said. "It will not be the only
meeting." He asserted that he
hoped yordim could establish
ongoing contact with Israeli con-
sulates, which are working with
the Jewish Agency.
Several hundred thousand
Israelis are thought to live outside
Israel. "We would like to get them
back if not the parents, then the
children," Shamir said.
He contended that living outside
Israel was most painful for the
children, who are uprooted from
their native language and culture.
Moreover, he claimed that many
of the yordim of all ages would
have a better lifestyle in Israel, as
they're not doing so well financial-
ly in the United States and since
the Israeli economy is on the
rebound.
HE ADMITTED that Israelis,
even the leaders, used to feel "a
kind of contempt" toward the yor-
dim. "We never spoke directly
with them. Now we have deter-
mined that it's useless to ignore
them."
The Premier also reiterated his
and his government's desire to
have the United States stop gran-
ting refugee status to Soviet
Jewish emigrants. That would
mean all emigres would go direct-
ly to Israel, as their visas indicate.
Shamir made this point publicly in
Washington last week, and the
Cabinet echoed him on Sunday.
About 80 percent of the most re-
Continued on Page 3
Nuclear
Program
'Advanced'
By JUDITH COLP
WASHINGTON (JTA) -
Israel appears to have the
nuclear potential to level
every major Middle Eastern
city, according to a book
released last week by the
Carnegie Endowment for
International Peace.
Israel's nuclear program "is far
more advanced than previously
believed and accordingly, the
pace of proliferation in the region
in recent years has been more
rapid than generally acknowledg-
ed," Leonard Spec tor writes in
"Going Nuclear," the third annual
Carnegie Endowment for Peace
report on nuclear war.
SPECTOR BASES his discus-
sion on Israel on disclosures by
Mordechai Vanunu, a former
Israeli nuclear technician, who
provided the basis for a detailed
account of Israel's nuclear pro-
gram published in the London
Sunday Times last October.
Vanunu's disclosures revealed
that Israel may "now possess
more than 100 nuclear weapons
not the 20 to 25 previously
thought and that some of them
may employ nuclear fusion, the
principle of the H-bomb, which
would make them tens of times
more powerful than the atom
bombs used in World War II,"
Spector writes.
Evidence also suggests that
Israel deployed a sophisticated
short-range missile, the Jericho
II, during the early 1980's, which
it could equip with a nuclear
warhead.
ISRAEL HAS declared that it
"will not be the first to introduce
nuclear weapons in the Middle
East," a statement repeated by
Premier Yitzhak Shamir during
his recent trip to Washington.
Israel continued its nuclear
buildup while the U.S. "at least
partially aware of the direction of
events, turned a blind eye," Spec-
tor writes. State Department
spokesman Charles Redman
refused to comment during a
press conference about Specter's
assertions.
Three other Middle Eastern
countries, Libya, Iran and Iraq,
have long been interested in ac-
quiring nuclear weapons, but
made little progress towards
nuclear arming last year, accor-
ding to the report.
Libyan leader Muammar
Khadafy's interest in obtaining
nuclear weapons has been
thwarted by a 1983 global em-
bargo on nuclear transfers to
Libya, says the report.
"ALTHOUGH Tripoli has turn-
ed to clandestine nuclear dealings
in the past, it remains unlikely
that Libya will be able to obtain
nuclear arms(or nuclear-weapons
material by that means because
such commodities remain
Continued on Page 2-


Page 2^ The Jewish Floridiap of Soutft Brqwrd-HoUywoq Key Witness
Steadfast in Face
of Questioning
By GIL SEDAN
JERUSALEM (JTA) A
former inmate of Treblinka
recited ghastly details of
mass murder at the death'
camp under sharp cross ex-
amination Tuesday (Feb. 24)
in the trial here of accused
war criminal John
Demjanjuk.
Pinhas Epstein, who electrified
the court Monday when he
pointed to Demjanjuk as the
brutal camp guard known as
"Ivan the Terrible," continued his
key prosecution testimony under
relentless questioning by Demjan-
juk's American attorney, Mark
O'Connor.
The defense contends that the
Ukrainian-born Demjanjuk is a
Rabbi Was
'Misrepresented'
JERUSALEM (JTA) The
Knesset Interior Committee
found Thursday (Feb. 19) that
Rabbi David Grossman, the
Ashkenazic Chief Rabbi of Migdal
Haemek, was misrepresented by
the media when it reported that
he had issued a ban on women at-
tending funerals together with
men.
Grossman, who appeared before
the committee, was cleared
unanimously, and committee
members expressed regret for the
damage done his reputation. "If
there is anyone capable of building
bridges between the religious and
secular communities it is Rabbi
Grossman who acts to foster unity
and mutual respect," the commit-
tee said in a statement.
Grossman, often referred to as
the "disco rabbi," is known for his
work with prisoners and disadvan-
taged youths. He explained to the
committee that "The matter of
women and men attending
funerals separately or in one
group is entirely up to the family
and is not covered by halacha."
He added, "I gave no ruling, and I
made no comment on the issue."
victim of mistaken identity. Its
strategy is to demonstrate the
fallibility of witnesses' memories
more than 40 years after the
events.
BUT EPSTEIN did not falter
when questioned about details of
the camp's structure, the people
in charge of the extermination
process and such minutiae as
where the laundry was hung.
He described the mass graves
into which bodies were dumped.
Chlorine powder was poured on
the corpses to hasten their
disintegration. "The powder sank
down, causing blood to burst from
the ground. Then they added
more bodies and more powder,"
the witness said.
Epstein, who was brought to
Treblinka at the age of 17, spoke
of "the man in the white coat,"
known to inmates only as Erwin,
who stood at the edge of the mass
grave and ordered the killing of
those victims not yet dead.
"When a wounded per "son was
brought to the edge of tiie grave,
Erwin used to order him to crouch
on his hands and kncfs, naked at
the edge of the pit. Then he would
signal a Ukrainian guard to come
over and shoot the victim through
his head," Epstein said.
THE TRIAL, before a three-
judge panel of the Jerusalem
District Court has been marked
increasingly by emotional out-
bursts from spectators, many of
them Holocaust survivors. At a
recess Tuesday, several survivors
hurled oaths at the defendant's
son, John Demjanjuk Jr., and
against Ukrainians who were in-
volved in the murder of their
families. Police intervened to
restore order.
Demjanjuk, 66, a retired
automobile worker from
Cleveland, Ohio, is the first
suspected Nazi war criminal ex-
tradited to Israel and the first to
be tried here since Adolf
Eichmann 26 years ago. He is
charged with several counts of
war crimes, crimes against
humanity and crimes against
Jews. If convicted he faces the
death penalty. The trial is ex-
pected to last for three months.
At the end of the session, the
court thanked Epstein for the
restrained and dignified manner
in which he related the terrible
events at Treblinka.
ft Passover Seders
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Mrs. Nettie Weiser was Honoree at the
Hallmark Salute to Israel, and was presented
with the State of Israel Bonds Scroll of Honor.
Looking on are Mrs. and Mr. William Seitles,
chairman, and Jerry Wyman, guest speaker
and president-elect of the Florida State
Association ofB'nai B'rith.
Report Says Yes
Can Israel's A-Power Wipe Out Major Cities?
Continued from Page 1
unavailable," Spector writes.
Iraq's nuclear program is at
"standstill" as a result of the
destruction of its reactor by Israel
in 1981, declining oil revenues and
the costs of its war with Iran, the
report states.
Iran has "extensive nuclear
hardware, materials and
technology" that had been built
up by the Shah, although it has
made no recent progress in its
nuclear program, Spector notes.
But Iran's "nuclear activities pose
a future proliferation threat and
deserve to be monitored."
Pakistan made considerable
progress in its nuclear activities in
1986 so "it is at a nuclear-
weapons threshold: it either
possesses all of the components
needed to manufacture one or
several atom bombs or else just re-
mains short of this goal," Spector
writes. But the U.S. and Soviet
Union may prevent Pakistan from
conducting a nuclear test, he
adds.
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Friday, March 18,198frThe Jewiah Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 8
Witness Points
To Demjanjuk
As Ivan'
By DAVID LANDAU
And GIL SEDAN
JERUSALEM (JTA) -
In a scene of anguish and
unrestrained emotion, a se-
cond prosecution witness
positively identified accused
war criminal John Demjan-
juk in Jerusalem district
court Wednesday (Feb. 25)
as the brutal guard known
as "Ivan the 'terrible" who
operated the gas chambers
at the Treblinka death
camp.
Eliahu Rosenberg, 66, who was
21 when he was taken with his
family to Treblinka from the War-
saw Ghetto, made the identifica-
tion after clearly describing in
detail how thousands of Jews
were slaughtered in the gas
chambers and later burned in
mass graves. He related his own
job as a member of a squad of in-
mates forced to clean the gas
chambers and recalled Ivan's duty
as operator of the death
machinery.
HE SAID he saw Ivan daily at
the gas chambers. Later, when his
Yordim Must
Be Enticed
Back To
Life In Israel
Continued from Page 1
cent emigres have come first to
the United States and stayed, he
said. To allow this to continue
undermines Israeli efforts on their
behalf, according to Shamir. He
said the Soviet government has
"partially accepted" Israel's
ongoing contention that Jews
have no ethnic place in the USSR
and instead belong in Israel.
FINALLY, the Premier said he
was concerned about "the pro-
blem of the Law of Return and, as
it is defined in Israel and here,
"Who is a Jew?" The laws allow
all Jews citizenship in Israel;
however, certain religious
elements have sought to amend
the law to define Jewishness
religiously. The issue becomes
especially volatile when focused
on non-Orthodox converts to
Judaism.
Shamir recently appointed a
ministerial committee, which he
chairs, to examine solutions to the
issue, and he said he would meet
with leaders of American Conser-
vative, Orthodox and Reform
Judaism and invite them to make
suggestions to the committee.
In response to questions, the
Premier downplayed the dif-
ferences between himself and the
Reagan Administration on the
prospect of an international con-
ference to discuss peace in the
Middle East
HE DIDN'T indicate if his
disagreement over the conference
with Foreign Minister Shimon
Peres could rupture the Labor-
Likud government, as he did later
to another group of journalists.
As for the Lavi, Israel's fighter
plane that the Pentagon wants to
discontinue because of cost
estimates that exceed Israel's,
Shamir said, "I think we will find
another solution together with the
American government."
, JTA/WZN News Photo
John Demjanjuk (second left) accused of being Treblinka extermination camp guard 'Ivan the Terrible,' at his trial,
Jerusalem's Binyanei HaOoma.
in
task was to burn bodies that ac-
cumulated in the pit, he said he
had occasion to fetch kerosine
from where Ivan stood. Obviously
overcome by the horror of his
recollections, Rosenberg momen-
tarily lost control and cried out
that he could identify Ivan by his
"murderous eyes."
But the climax of the session
came when the prosecutor,
Michael Shaked, asked the
witness if he saw Ivan in the cour-
troom. "That is Ivan, I have not a
shadow of a doubt," Rosenberg
replied, pointing to the 66-year-
old Ukrainian-born prisoner.
Nevertheless, he asked that the
accused to remove his glasses.
Demjanjuk asked the witness to
approach him to make a closer in-
spection. They stared at each
other for a moment.
Then the prisoner extended his
hand. Rosenberg recoiled.
"Murderer. How dare you hold
out your hand to me, a murderer
like you," he shouted. Bedlam
broke out in the court.
Rosenberg's wife, Adina, collaps-
ed and had to be carried out of the
chamber.
Earlier, Demjanjuk was iden-
tified by another Treblinka sur-
vivor, Pinhas Epstein, who was 17
when he arrived at the death
camp.
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Pg 4 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, March 13, 1987
Israel's A-Power
Greater Than Thought
A new book by the Carnegie Endowment
for International Peace assures us that
Israel has the capacity to level all major
cities in the Middle East with its nuclear
capability which, the book declares, "is far
more advanced than previously believed."
About the only reassuring thing in this is
that the capability is Israel's and does not lie
in Arab hands. Given the reverse in the
situation, we are not reasonably certain
that, say, Iraq or Iran would exercise the
same kind of restraint that lies in Israel's
assertion that it "will not be the first to in-
troduce nuclear weapons in the Middle
East."
But Israel's restraints and Israel's asser-
tions, even under these happier cir-
cumstances, do not dim the Carnegie En-
dowment's chilling assessment of Israel's
nuclear capability that it is laced by its suc-
cessful achievement of nuclear fusion, which
is basic to the Hydrogen Bomb and yields
bombs minimally ten times more powerful
than those used against Japan in World War
Israel's scientific and technical capability
may be awesome, but its ability to destroy
the major cities of the Middle East is an
even more awesome consequence and
nothing, in the end, to be satisfied about.
No Satisfaction
Even more worrisome is that we live at a
time during which warfare has taken a turn
from "organized" combat to the random
nature of terrorism as a result of which it is
entirely possible that terrorists can engage
in the land of operation that would allow
them to seize some of these bombs for their
own purposes, namely the destruction of
Israel.
This is hardly farfetched. The information
on the basis or which the Carnegie Endow-
ment for International Peace published its
findings last week came from the activity of
Mordechai Vanunu, the former Israeli
nuclear technician who sold his detailed ac-
count of Israel's nuclear program to the
Sunday Times of London last October.
Given that information can be stolen, so
too can Israel's bombs themselves. And even
if not, it is precisely these less than
hypothetical terrorists who may one day buy
nuclear bombs or steal them from less
vigilant or less restrained sources. Used
against Israel, it is doubtless that Israeli
retaliation will yield the Carnegie Endow-
ment's ultimate nightmare the destruc-
tion of major Middle Eastern cities at the
hands of Israel.
Under any of these circumstances, Israel
would not, indeed, be the first to introduce
nuclear weapons into that part of the world.
By its retaliation, it would be the second.
But what sort of satisfaction would lie in
that?
Answering Questions
For some time now, President Reagan has
been on record that, while Israel may have
initiated the Iran arms deal by suggesting
U.S. participation, it was in the end an
American decision to become involved and
therefore America's responsibility that it did
so.
Other Reagan Administration spokesmen
have since said precisely the same thing, in-
cluding among others Secretary of State
Shultz.
But the Tower Commission findings
released last week are somewhat less gentle
so far as Israel's role was concerned. In-
deed, all of the members of the Commission
former Secretary of State Edmund
Muskie, former Sen. John Tower and former
National Security Adviser Brent Scowcroft
were frank in their statement upon the
release of the report that Israel can not be
regarded as blameless because it had its own
agenda in the Middle East.
Indeed, they were equally frank to suggest
that Israel's agenda was and, by implication
remains, at odds with that of the United
States.
This is an uncomfortable conclusion In
our view, it would be damaging in the ex-
treme for Israel to continue to remain at a
distance from the U.S. Iran scandal on the
basis that Israel is not obliged to testify
before U.S. investigation bodies.
At the very least, the questions that the
Tower Commission submitted to the govern-
ment of Israel as an alternative to direct in-
terrogation ought to be answered fully and
soon.
I 0H7NT" $fUPV BECAUSE I PREAWfp A
TERRORIST STOLE THE SX4M "
The 'Jewish Machine'
It Was Never A Dodge or A Ford
By JIM SHIPLEY
"The Machine," my grand-
mother called it. It was a Bukk, I
think. I was young, very young,
and the time has lent a gentle haze
to the model and the design. What
I do remember is that it was
something awesome, well beyond
what Nissan tries to claim today.
It was an automobile, a car, with
running boards and a long power-
ful looking hood and an interior
like a plush apartment But to my
Bubba, it was "The Machine."
My Uncle Henry owned it. I
mean, he was the one in the family
who held the title. He was a little
guy with a big belly and a wonder-
ful smile. He loved my Bubba, who
was his mother-in-law. Matter of
fact, he loved most of mankind.
He owned a tire store on North
Broad Street in Philadelphia, and
even in those depression years, he
did pretty well.
IN MOST emerging middle
class Jewish families of the thir-
ties, there was one car in the fami-
ly. I mean in the family, not in the
house. Among the uncles and the
aunts, the cousins and the grand-
parents there was usually one car.
At the most: two. The primary use
was usually business, of course, by
the family member affluent
enough to maintain possession.
But, when it came to outings,
events, aimchas and funerals, it
served everyone. The splendor of
this incredible device was over-
whelming to the first generation
of European patriarchs and
matriarchs who watched their
families grow in this Goldene
Medina called America.
It is no wonder that my grand-
mother referred to my uncle
Henry's car as "The Machine."
How wonderful it must have
seemed to her) that carriage, with
its interior crafted like an expen-
sive piece of furniture; burnished
dash board, actual window
shades! It purred, it roared. It had
a back seat you could almost stand
up in as you entered and room for
the entire family, no matter how
many that was.
WE WOULD squeeze in; we
would climb over, we would find a
way for everyone to have a place.
"How will we get there, Grand-
mom?" was the juvenile whine.
"The Machine will take us." Done.
Well, that Buick or whatever it
was, that hazy memory from my
knickered boyhood is long a part
of recycled steel, probably used
for war material of some sort
my Uncle Henry's magnificent
touring machine dropped on some
distant Pacific atoll by a farm boy
from Iowa turned army pilot.
Just as probably, it was recycled
into a soup pot, but my boyhood
dreams would not allow that.
Nothing that mundane for "The
Machine." By the time 1937 rolled
around, we were doing very well
ourselves, thank you. My dad
worked for the Crosley Corpora-
tion in Cincinnati, Ohio. We
became the proud owners of a
1937 Lincoln.
IT HAD 12, count'em, 12
cylinders. We'd pull up to a ser-
vice station (for that indeed is
what they were in those days), and
all the guys would come out to
peer under the hood and into the
engine at those 12 cylinders.
My grandmother only got to
ride in that car a few times. She
lived in Philadelphia, and there we
were all those miles away. But
the war came on, and my dad was
in the Signal Corps in procure-
ment (he fought WWI in the
Navy). So, the family and the 1937
Lincoln headed back east to be
together and wait out the duration
as we called it.
By the end of the war, there
were gaps in the floorboards
(remember floorboards?) and on a
rainy road you had to lift your feet
or get wet.
SHORTLY AFTER the war,
the Lincoln was finally, after nine
years of magnificent service,
given a decent burial. The boom
years of the late forties and fifties
began. Suddenly there were plen-
ty of cars. The emerging Jewish
middle class began its march on
the suburbs and bought cars to fill
the new garages.
Now it was no longer "The
Machine." And everyone had at
least one. Sons drove, daughters
drove. My grandmother did not
drive. Her function was to ride
like a queen in the front seat of
many care now and be driven by
the family as before. My mother
does not drive either. She won't
even sit in the front seat. If you
drove with my dad in his younger
days, you'd understand that.
As care became more common
to every family, the mystique
changed. "The Machine" was in
its way the embodiment of all the
wonder of America to the genera-
tion of immigrants and the
generation that followed them. It
was this second generation that
made the automobile an icon of a
rising society.
TODAY? Well, most driveways
boast two to three cars. Jewish
princesses have little 16-thousand
dollar BMW's with vanity license
plates which proclaim: "Sheila's
Toy." The Jewish mother drives.
Oh boy, da she drive! She logs
more miles in a yearly car pool
than my Uncle Henry did shipp-
ing my grandmother around for
ten years.
The ads on TV no longer talk
about "touring cars" or
"roadsters." The sports cars are
magnificently styled and no doubt
perform better than those huge
monsters of days gone by, but I
don't know.
I really miss the majesty of
those things. Over the years, cer-
tain care have been stamped with
the symbol of Jewish ownership.
Right after the war and for many
years afterward, the symbol of af-
fluence for a Jewish family was of
course, the Cadillac.
Well, not everyone could afford
a Cadillac. So, Buick also took its
place as a "Jewish" car. A Dodge?
Never. Nor a DeSoto. Certain
cars were Jewish, certain ones
were not. Yes to Cadillac, Buick,
even Chevrolet. No to Dodge,
Chrysler, Packard and LaSalle.
And certainly no to Ford.
MY, MY. No to Ford? Why not?
Well, I don't know if you
remember, but Henry Ford Sr.
was a virulent anti-Semite. So, of
course no Fords for Jews. Funny
when you consider the preeminent
symbol of Jewish affluence for the
Continued on Page 13
Our Readers Write: We Support
Kahane in Every Way
EDITOR, The Jewish Floridian:
I was very surprised to see an
article in the Jewish Floridian by
MK Rabbi Meir Kahane. It was an
excellent article and explained
clearly about Vatican-Israel
relations.
As for your editorial about him,
whether the polls indicate it or
not, the Rabbi is doing very well.
There are many people, myself in-
cluded, who might not get asked
what we think.
This is no problem. We just
simply go on supporting the Rabbi
in every way possible.
LYNNHANDELMAN
North Miami Beach
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Friday, March 13, 1987
Volume 17
12ADAR5747
Number 8





Friday, Match ^3, 13S7rThe Jewiah FToridflui of South Browai^HoDywood Page 5
. -.

....-..,.
Susan Lichtman Thrives
In Pressure Cooker
By ELLEN ANN STEIN
Jewish Fhridian Staff Writer
When Miami's Channel 4 was looking
for a a co-anchor to complement John
Hambrick, a nationwide search was
undertaken, and it took a year and a half
to find just the right person.
Enter Susan Lichtman, 30, the choice of the sta-
tion to share the limelight in one of the top 15
markets in the United States.
Among her biggest fans are her grandparents,
Cele and Fred Lichtman of Fort Lauderdale.
"They watch every night, and they tell all their
friends to watch so if the ratings go up, I'm going
to have to attribute that to my grandparents," she
says, with a laugh that comes easily.
LICHTMAN "paid her dues," working her way
up from her first job at a small station in Alberta,
Canada to stations in Hartford, Dallas and San
Diego to the position in Miami.
"I think if you're willing to go to a small market,
you can get a job right out of college. A lot of kids
coming out of college don't want to pay their
dues.
After graduating from the Boston University
School of Public Communications, Lichtman began
what she calls "a nomadic existence," moving
from market to market, all the while making ad-
vancements in her career. When Miami tapped
her, Lichtman was working at KFMB, a CBS-
affiliate in San Diego.
"THEY BELIEVE John and I have the right
chemistry," says Lichtman, who was born in Pitt-
sfield, Mass. and raised in Stamford, Conn.
"John presents a very strong personality on the
air. He has a commanding presence. I guess they
needed someone who could complement him. I
think I present a certain intelligence on the air. I'm
not a bubble-headed bleached blond."
Lichtman's mother, Vivian, is an art dealer to
corporations, and her father, Robert, is a real
estate developer. Two of her cousins are in the
news business, including Bill Schechner, who had
co-anchored the NBC Evening Night News with
Linda Ellerbee.
"THIS IS an uncompromising business. The
competition is fierce," says Lichtman. "It requires
8uu Lichtman
150 percent dedication, concentration, and there
are always 50 people looking over your shoulder
waiting for you to make a mistake so they can
come and take your job. So I feel extremely lucky
to be where I am, extremely lucky."
Lichtman, who is single, is well aware that the
"business can own you if you let it" and says, "You
have to work very hard to achieve the balance of
personal life and professional life."
With an eye on moving into a position such as a
host of a show like "Today," Lichtman cannot see
herself "sitting at home, going to luncheon with
'the girls.'
"I'M FROM the generation that believes you
Continued on Page
Gerri Helfman Mixes
Marriage and Career
By ELLEN ANN STEIN
Jewish Floridian Staff Writer
When the television camera switches to
"Live" Miami's Channel 10 news reporter
Gerri Helfman must be on her toes, and,
as they say in the business, ready to roll.
In the back of her mind are the words of one
former news director who told her that in order to
make it in this business, where ratings are so im-
portant, you have to be memorable.
FROM THE attention that Helfman gets when
she is spotted in public, it is obvious that she has
taken that advice.
The 28-year-old television news reporter was
launched into her career before she even
graduated from college. She broke the family
tradition of attending the University of Florida
and instead went to its athletic rival, Florida State
University in Tallahassee.
From there, she went to Florida Agricultural
and Mechanical University, a predominantly black
school, because she heard their Journalism Depart-
ment had state of the art equipment.
THAT'S WHEN things started to roll.
"I was pretty fortunate. I interned in my senior
year for a guy who was a stringer (news gatherer
for several stations) in Tallahassee," she says.
"Because he was working by himself, I had time to
do interviews and rewrite stories. I worked pretty
hard at that job, and after two months I had a tape,
which is pretty hard for a student to do.
Helfman, who was Gerri Cohen at the time, took
the tape to a CBS affiliate in Tallahassee, WCTB-
TV, and was able to get a much-coveted internship
there.
"I remember the news director taking me into
his office I was pretty agressive and he said,
'just follow people around, don't do any stories,
just pretty much observe.' "
The next day, there happened to be a breaking
story and no reporter around to cover it. And there
was Cohen, "more eager than ever" to do the
story.
"YOU HEAR about it all the time," she says.
"Throw 'em to the lions. Something happens, and
Gerri Helfman
you get your feet wet right away." *
The story was about a man, allegedly drunk, who
was holding his wife hostage. After doing about
"20 takes just to get it perfect, I had the story
ready to air on that evening's 6 o'clock news.
"From that day on, I was no longer an intern
following around reporters. I was on the news
every day."
Midway through the internship, she was hired
and now says, "it was the classic situation of when
you are in the right place at the right time."
A YEAR hadn't passed before she got her next
opportunity. A Tallahassee capitol correspondent
for Miami television station Channel 4 was leaving
his job and called Helfman to tell her about the
opening. It was back at the time when Ralph
Renick ran the show, she recalls.
Helfman had met Renick once before through an
introduction made by her father, the late
developer, Stanley Cohen. At that time, Renick
Continued on Page 6
Barbie Trial Scheduled Again
This Time for May 11
PARIS (JTA) Klaus
Barbie, "the Butcher of
Lyon", will go on trial May
11 in that same city which
he ruled and terrorized as
Gestapo chief during the
German occupation of
France in World War II. He
is charged with war crimes
and crimes against
humanity.
Barbie has been confined to a
maximum security prison, St. Luc
Fort, in Lyon since he was taken
into French custody after his
ouster from Bolivia in February
1983. Over the past four years,
several dates have been set for his
trial, only to be postponed as pro-
secution and defense lawyers
sifted through thousands of
documents and battled over legal
technicalities.
A TURNING point occurred
last year, when the Supreme
Court ruled that crimes commit-
ted against resistance fighters
could be considered crimes
against humanity, not subject to
the 20-year statute of limitations.
Barbie is held responsible for
the murder of a French resistance
leader as well as for the deporta-
tion to death camps of 894 Lyon
civilians, most of them Jews, in-
cluding more than 100 children.
A special courtroom is being
enlarged in preparation for the
trial. It will accommodate
lawyers, the media, more than 100
individuals who have filed private
charges against Barbie and an
estimated 700 spectators. Police
said stringent security measures
would be taken during the trial.
Only people with passes will be ad-
mitted to the courtroom.
BARBIE WILL be defended by
Jacques Verges. He is presently
defending Lebanese terrorist
George Ibrahim Abdullah, who is
on trial in Paris for mastermin-
ding the 1984 murders of Israeli
diplomat Yaakov Barsimantov
and Col. Charles Ray, who was
deputy military attache at the
U.S. Embassy in Paris.
Reform Converts Asked to Hold
Appeals to Supreme Court
TEL AVIV (JTA) Three
immigrants converted to Judaism
by Reform rabbis were asked by
Attorney General Yosef Harish to
postpone for six months their ap-
peal to the Supreme Court to be
registered as Jews.
The three are Julia Ann
Biglaizer and Murilo Pinto Varela
of Kibbutz Mishmar Hanegev, and
Gail Mosacowitch of Kibbutz
Gonen. Their attorney, Yosef
Ben Menashe, was approached by
Harish who reportedly was acting
at the behest of Premier Yitzhak
Shamir.
The Supreme Court issued a
show cause order on Feb. 1 requir-
ing the Interior Ministry to ex-
Elain why the converts should not
b registered. Harish, in seeking
to postpone action, was criticized
by senior legal figures who said he
should have rejected Shamir's re-
quest outright instead of convey-
ing it to the appellants.
Shamir temporarily holds the
portfolio of Interior Minister
which is being administered for
him by Deputy Minister Ronnie
Milo, a Likud MK. Interior
Minister Yitzhak Peretz of the
ultra-Orthodox Shas Party resign-
ed last month rather than comply
with a Sunreme Court order to
a
issue a Jewish identification card
to Shoshana Miller, an American
immigrant converted to Judaism
by a Reform rabbi.
According to the media reports,
the six-month delay sought by
Shamir would give him time to
persuade Peretz to revoke his
resignation and return Shas to the
unity coalition government. His
request reportedly cited the
deliberations of the recently ap-
pointed Inter-ministerial Commit-
tee on Conversions which has
been given six months to find an
acceptable formula for registering
immigrants converted by non-
Orthodox rabbis.
Squadron
Appointed
NEW YORK (JTA) -
Howard Squadron has been ap-
pointed to chair the Conference of
Presidents of Major American
Jewish Organization'8 national
commission to coordinate the U.S.
celebration of Israel's 40th an-
niversary. Squadron is a former
chairman of the Conference. The
celebration will run from April 21,
1987-September, 1989.
I
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Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, March 13, 1987
Susan Lichtman Thrives
In Pressure Cooker
Continued from Page 5
can have it all. Now, maybe that's unrealistic, but I
believe if you work hard enough on your profes-
sional life and your personal life, you can make the
two work. So now that I've gotten my professional
life up to speed, I can take some time to work on
the personal part."
Lichtman swims, loves the beach, runs, works
out in weight rooms and has a freelance photojour-
nalism background on the side. Intrigued by other
cultures and how they all fit together, Lichtman
travels a lot and writes mostly travel stories that
have been published in magazines such as Omni
and Savvy, and newspapers including the Orlando
Sentinel and Chicago Sun Times.
WITH ALL THIS, she finds time at least twice
a year to attend large family gatherings.
"I think Judaism equals family," she says. "I'm
certainly proud of the fact that I'm Jewish. My
grandparents ran a Conservative household. My
family ran a Reform household. Religion is a vehi-
cle that brings our family together. I can
remember my grandparents in New Jersey used to
have family weekend get-togethers of 30-40
people.
"I think family's real important. We've lost a lot
of these values in this fast-paced technological
society."
LICHTMAN SAID she feels fortunate that she
came from a family that was very close and had no
divorces. Her grandparents celebrated their 65th
anniversary last year.
"And even though I've lived in all parts of the
country and the family is scattered, we all gather
for Thanksgiving and Passover."
But back to work, live television is what
Lichtman says gets her adrenalin going.
"It doesn't permit you to be lazy. You have to
give it 150 percent everytime you go out there
because you don't get a second chance. I work very
well under pressure. Pressure cookers," she savs
"are fun." *
AND PRESSURE she has. With an earphone,
the anchors are often getting directions from the
news producer to change the format or in one re-
cent case, shorten copy which put her in the posi-
tion of editing a story as she was broadcasting.
When she makes a mistake, she tends to shrug it
off with a laugh.
"We put ourselves out before those people every
day, and we're not perfect. Of course we make
mistakes. If we can laugh at them so much the
better."
Her energy, she says, is more of a curiosity than
anything, "an incredible curiosity. I want to know
what's going on everywhere."
WHEN SHE first joined Channel 4 in November
as an anchor on the 11 o'clock news, the newsstaff,
who she says are genuinely, "nice, generous, very
caring people," kept asking her if she was nervous.
Was the pressure getting to her?
"I didn't feel the pressure," she says on reflec-
tion. "If anything, there was excitement. I was
like a horse at the gate, chomping at the bit saying
'let's go.'"
Every day she says she gets more comfortable
with the job, and three weeks ago she was added as
co-anchor to the 6 o'clock news.
Somewhere in Fort Lauderdale there are some
pretty proud grandparents watching.
Gerri Helfman Mixes
Marriage And Career
Continued from Page 5-
had told her to go to college and call him later. She
did. And was hired within a week.
She remembers a Channel 4 reporter who was on
assignment in Tallahassee seeing her on the news
there and calling the station to say he spotted "so-
meone good." Ruth Sperling, who was assistant
news director, told the reporter, "I khow. I just
hired her."
HELFMAN, bom in Kansas, came to Miami
with her family when she was three months old
and attended Killian High School, graduating with
the Class of '77.
Her mother, Martha, is an accountant who lives
in Kendall. Her father was a well-known builder
and developer, and Helfman became the first
member of the family to enter the field of
journalism.
What makes a good television reporter? "You
have to be a good communicator," Helfman says.
"Obviously, you have to assess a story and put all
the parts in a minute, 30 seconds.
"I think on my resume tape I had an exclusive
story. TV people like that. It's obvious television
gets a lot of its stories from newspapers because
they have a lot more resources. When (television)
reporters are able to go out and get stories before
newspapers do, that's a good sign. It means they
know how to dig for stories."
BEFORE HELFMAN knew it, six years had
passed, and she didn't have many opportunities to
visit her family in Miami. She wanted to come
home.
"I was sort of a victim of my own good work.
When I asked Channel 4 if I could come to Miami,
they said 'We like what you're doing in the capitol
and want you to stay there.' After! realized they
weren't going to bring me to Miami, I called*Chan-
nel 10."
The only opening at Channel 10 at the time was
in the Public Affairs Department, doing spots such
as Sunday morning talk shows. She took the job
but noticed reporters scampering around the first
floor on news deadlines and started to miss that
aspect of the news business.
A FEW months later, Helfman grabbed an open-
ing in the news division of the Broward Bureau
and has been there since.
She lives in Coral Gables with her husband,
Stephen, an attorney with the law firm of Fine,
Jacobson, Schwartz, Nash, Block and England,
which coincidentally, had been a merger including

tally,

another lawfirm which Helfman's brother, Gary
Cohen, works for.
Gerri met Stephen at a Friday night happy hour
at the Grand Bay Hotel Lounge and says, "He
came to me with that old line. 'You look better in
person than you do on TV.' We fell in love pretty
fast." V 9
THE WEDDING was three weeks away, when
Helfman's father was murdered. (An arrest still
has not been made). She says Rabbi Haskell Ber-
nat of Temple Israel of Greater Miami was a great
help through that difficult time, advising her to
proceed with the wedding. "He said we had one
bad thing happen and shouldn't have another. It
was really a good decision."
A move to the networks is not in Helfman's
plans because, she says, having a family is her first
priority.
"I'm not a feminist by any stretch," she quickly
says, adding "I'm fairly traditional and family is
very important to me."
EVEN THOUGH she didn't grow up in a very
religious home, Helfman says, "I was brought up
in a Jewish home. The tradition is there."
Part of that tradition was changing her name to
that of her husband's, something that many news
reporters choose not to do. At that time, Helfman
had a new news director who hand't known her
that long as Gerri Cohen. After two weeks of sign-
ing off as Gerri Cohen Helfman, she was permit-
ted, with some hesitation, to simply sign off as
Gerri Helfman.
For any young women interested in journalism,
Cohen advises that "you can never be "too ag-
gressive." Think, she says, of how many students
graduate from journalism schools each year, com-
pared to the smaller number of openings.
"IT'S A frustrating business," she concludes.
"One day, you're ecstatic you have a great story,
and the next day you're totally down in the dumps
when you do a story that's not so good. Your entire
mood is developed each day. I think most reporters
take their stories pretty personally because
they're associated with it.
"some days, I go home after a not-so-good story
and I'm not in a good mood, and my husband will
say, 'Find another job, I don't like you like this.'
"But I've never really found anything else I
want to do."
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. .
Golan Druze
Friday, Marcfr 13, J987/The Jewish Floridian of Sooth Broward-Hollywood Page 7
Still Hope for Heights' Return to Syria
By GIL SEDAN
JERUSALEM (JTA) -
Five years after Israel for-
mally annexed the Golan
Heights, the 12,000-strong
Druze community there con-
tinues to resist the political
reality that they are part of
the Israeli state.
Initially, their resistance took
the form of sullen refusal to ac-
cept Israeli indentity cards. More
recently there have been open
demonstrations against Israeli
rule.
Though overshadowed by the
wave of violence that spread in
the West Bank and Gaza Strip last
week, an incident on Feb. 14
underlined the seriousness of the
situation there.
AN OUTBURST of pro-Syrian
emotions among the Golan Druze
was triggered by the scheduled
unveiling of a statute of Sultan El
Atrash, the legendary leader of
the Druze revolt against the
French Mandate authorities in
1926.
It occurred in Majdal Shams,
the largest Druze village on the
Golan. Israeli police assembled at
the village early in the morning, a
Saturday, as a precaution against
possible demonstrations. Druze
youths did indeed demonstrate.
Some throwing stones, others
armed with chains and clubs,
chanting anti-Israel and pro-
Syrian slogans, they clashed with
police.
Eight policemen were injured
and at least 11 Druze were ar-
rested. The demonstration coin-
cided with the fifth anniversary of
Israeli annexation.
THE SITUATION is ironic.
When Israel captured the Golan
Heights in the 1967 Six-Day War,
the Druze, alone among the
populations of the occupied ter-
ritories, proved friendly. Their
four villages surrendered without
bloodshed. Relations with the
Israeli authorities developed the
same patterns of friendship and
cooperation which characterized
Israel's relations with the Druze
minority within its own borders.
The Druze in Israel are con-
sidered the most loyal minority.
Like all Israeli citizens, except
Arabs, they do compulsory
military service and have proven
dependable and often heroic
soldiers in Israel's wars with its
neighbors. There are 45,000
Israeli Druze in 18 villages.
Many hold senior positions in
the border police. The declared
policy of the government was to
integrate the Druze as much as
possible into Israeli society,
though this policy often has not
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Oat been implemented.
THE DRUZE are fiercely in-
dependent. They broke away from
Islam in the 11th century.
Although they are considered to
be ethnic Arabs, many regard
themselves as a separate ethnic
entity. They have their own
spiritual leaders. And despite
complaints of discrimination,
most Israeli Druze identify with
the State.
In contrast, the Golan Druze
maintain loyalty to Syria, which
they regard as the legitimate
sovereign of the Golan Heights.
Nevertheless, after the Sue-Day
War they seemed to accept that
Israel was there to stay, pending
an overall political settlement of
the Israel-Arab conflict.
Many took jobs in Kiryat
Shemona and other Jewish border
towns. Their children studied
Hebrew diligently and many
entered Israeli universities. At
the same time, the border with
Syria remained relatively open.
Golan Druze frequently visited
their families on the Syrian side,
many of whom hold senior posi-
tions in the Damascus
establishment.
BUT PEACEFUL coexistence
changed in 1982 when the Likud
government, with the backing of
the Labor Alignment, annexed
the Golan Heights, terminating
military rule and subjecting the
territory to Israeli civil law.
The Druze community balked at
carrying Israeli ID cards. Rallying
around their religious leaders,
they staged a silent revolt. For
five months they remained within
the confines of their villages,
refusing to present Israeli ID
cards at police barriers.
The self-imposed confinement
gradually ended. In June, 1982,
the Lebanon war shifted public at-
tention away from the Golan
Heights. More and more Druze
reluctantly accepted Israeli ID
cards. But the Heights became a
center of political unrest.
Basically, the Golan Druze saw
Sentenced Lebanese Terrorist
Had 5 Jewish Targets on Hit List
ROME (JTA) Lebanese terrorist Bashir Khodr,
sentenced Sunday to 13 years' imprisonment for smuggling
explosives into Italy, had five Jewish targets on his "hit
list," two of them schools, according to papers found in a
room he rented here before his arrest at Milan airport Jan.
12.
THE TARGETS WERE the ORT Scientific School
and Middle School; the editorial offices of Shalom, monthly
organ of the Union of Italian Jewish Communities; the
home of its editor; and the Jewish museum locaed in
Rome's main synagogue.
Khodr was convicted after a one-day trial for attemp-
ting to smuggle 12 kilos of explosives concealed in picture
frames, Easter eggs and a portable radio. The citation read
at his sentencing stated that he intended to use the ex-
plosives for attacks on Jews. He also was fined two million
lire.
Danny Tadmore Entertains
For Israel Bonds March 24
annexation as an attempt to en-
force a new loyalty upon them.
They refused to give up their
loyalty to Syria, which they
regard as their country, and
because of family ties there.
SOME ISRAELIS believe the
Druze loyalty to Syria is only an
expedience. Frequent talk by
various Israeli leaders of possible
negotiations with Syria over the
Golan has caused many Druze to
wonder if the Israeli presence was
indeed permanent. Israel's return
of the Sinai to Egypt in exchange
for a peace treaty heightened
those concerns.
The pro-Syrian demonstrations
are seen in some Israeli quarters
as a hedge against the possibility
that the Golan, or part of it, may
one day be returned to Syria.
Israelis who insist that the Golan
is an eternal part of Israel say that
if Israel makes the Heights non-
negotiable as it has East
Jerusalem, the Anti-Israel mood
among the Druze will change.
Meanwhile, Druze Knesset
member Zeidan Atashe of the op-
position Shinui Party blamed the
police presence for the violence at
Majdal Shams.
ALTHOUGH THE Heights are
an integral part of Israel with a
different legal status than the ad-
ministered territories, the policy
there remains the same as in the
territories. Political demonstra-
tions likely to incite the population
are forbidden.
Eddie Schaffer, long time
Miami Beach resident, will be
the guest artist at a Night For
Israel Bonds celebration, to be
held by B'nai B'rith's newly
formed Unit No. 5335 at the
South Social Lounge, third
floor of the Summit, 1201 S.
Ocean Drive, on Tuesday,
March Hot 8 p.m. Mr. Schaf-
fer, who has appeared at many
top night clubs and on televi-
sion programs, will be part of
an evening which will include
the presentation of the Israel
Bonds Scroll of Honor to B'nai
B'ritk Unit No. 5335.
Refreshments will be served,
and Chairman Fred Rubens
and Co-Chairman Murray
Goldsmith announce that all
are welcome.
Chairman James Kofrnan an-
nounces that Danny Tadmore,
popular American-Israeli Musi-
cian and Humorist will entertain
at a Night for Israel in Galahad
North Social, Hollywood Tuesday
evening, March 24, 7:30 p.m. The
Residents of Galahad North will
be honored for their leadership
and commitment to the State of
Israel, and will receive the
coveted Scroll of Honor. The
event is sponsored by the Galahad
North Israel Bonds Committee.
Refreshments will be served
everyone is welcome.
and
Sancitfy
theShabbat
Enhance
yaurShahbat

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Memorial Offers
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Memorial Hospital will offer a
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on Friday from 2-3 p.m. It will be
held in the Education Building of
the hospital, 3601 Johnson Street,
Hollywood.
The "Senior Sexuality" pro-
gram will include information
about the physical and
psychological changes affecting
sexuality in senior citizens.
For further information, please
contact the hospital's Education
Department, 985-5961.
"Create Land From Sand"
DO YOU HAVE a share in the redemption of
THE LAND OF ISRAEL?
HAVE YOU MADE your contribution to the
JEWISH NATIONAL FUND (KEREN KAYEMETH LEISRAEL)?
IF NOT NOW... WHEN?
DO IT NOW!!!
Enclosed is my gift of: $____________
Name
Phone
Address
Apt. No.
All contributions to JNF are tax deductible.
JEWISH NATIONAL FUND, INC.
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K


VI
Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-HoUywood/Friday, March 13,1987
Rejoicing On Purim:

Ad lo yada "until one does tivity by the great modern
not know ..." a name ap- Hebrew poet Chaim Nachman
parently bestowed on the ac- Bialik.)
Hamantaschen:
A Jewish Obligation A Treat For Purim
Mordecai commanded the
Jews to observe "days of
feasting and merrymaking"
every year on the anniversary
of Purim. Therefore, a festive
meal known as the Purim
seudah is central to the Purim
celebration. It is held on Purim
afternoon (March 15) before
sundown. At this gathering, it
is customary to drink alcoholic
beverages and to "loosen up."
By tradition, one is permitted
to drink to excess to the
point (but not beyond?) where
one confuses the distinction
between barvkh Mordecai
(blessed be Mordecai) and arur
Haman (cursed be Hainan).
(And who stays sober to
judge?) This drinking to the
verge of inebriation reminds
us of Ahasuerus' drunken orgy
and adds to the merriment of
the occasion.
The seudah is also an occa-
sion for clever skits, witty
poems and for dressing up in
costumes. (In Israel, the
costumes rarely reflect the
Purim story.) Religious
schools, congregational and
community adult groups hold
Purim plays (Purimspieh) and
carnivals.
Various scholars have
discerned a deeper impulse in
the Purim plays, which often
provide biting parodies of
authority figures (teachers,
community leaders, etc.). One
Christian theologian, Harvey
Cox, draws our attention to
the dramatic performances
that were associated with the
medieval Feast of Fools. He
suggests that such plays were
a consciously encouraged
device: They served as a
harmless conduit channeling
the anti-social and rebellious
emotions of the common folk
while, at the same time, reaf-
firming their subjugation.
Perhaps some of that is
reflected in Purim which,
through humor, permits the
deflation of potentially inflam-
matory pressures.
The tradition of the Purim
lay has also been compared
y literary historians to the
Christian mystery plays of the
Middle Ages, both of which
may have arisen contem-
poraneously and both of which
dealt with the dramatization of
biblical stories. If the two had
a common beginning,
however, they rapidly diverg-
ed: medieval mystery plays
were church-centered, usually
{>rimarily serious and often
avishly produced; Purimspiels
were generally the reverse.
Over the centuries, the Purim
productions diversified. In
some Jewish communities, it
was customary for Purim
spielers to engage in street
theater or go from house to
house presenting outrageously
funny (or, sometimes, only
outrageous) parodies of
megillat estayr and other Bible
stories.
In addition to the many
religious school productions
mounted for Purim, a number
of congregations and Jewish
centers around the country
have developed the tradition of
writing and staging a Purim
satire every year. Today, too,
potentially explosive pressures
face every group (and not only
external ones, either) and
being able to laugh at
ourselves is sometimes the
best medicine.
Mish-lo-ah Manot
The sweetest Jewish
holidays are those on which joy
is shared. On Purim, it is
customary to give gifts of food
and fruit both to friends and to
the poor (see Esther 9:22).
Since it is known that gifts are
an offering of friendship as
well as an act of tzedakah,
those who are poor can feel
that what they receive is a
mark of friendship rather than
an acknowledgement of their
impoverishment. Thus, their
dignity is maintained in a
situation where a "hand out"
(in this case, food) is being
given to them directly by
known donors (perilously close
to the basket-over-the-arm
kind of "charity" our Jewish
tradition condemns. The
"friendship" level saves these
gifts from such a negative
connotation.)
Gifts of baked goods, fruit,
almonds or other nuts and beer
or wine are customarily sent in
little packages or in decorated
baskets. This tradition is called
mish-lo-ah manot "the sen-
ding of portions." Shalach
monos is the Ashkenazi form of
mish-lo-ah manot. These gifts
are great fun to prepare and a
joy to receive! If you've never
sent them before, why not
make this year the first time
even if you're the only one sen-
ding. Chances are that some of
your friends will decide to par-
ticipate in this special pleasure
too, and that next year you will
not only give but get!
In addition, it is customary
to give a financial gift to the
synagogue on Purim, reminis-
cent of the makhatzit hashekel
paid by each Israelite in the
wilderness as a form of na-
tional tax. This money is also
used to help the needy (and
might therefore best be
directed to the rabbi(s)' discre-
tionary/good works fund).
Parallels
Purim was the original gift-
giving holiday and, in this
custom, at least, sounds like
what Halloween has become
today. Children would go in
costume from house to house
(or apartment door to apart-
ment door) "begging" for
coins ("Heint is Purim,
morgm is oys; geb mir a
whatever the word for penny
was in that country und varf
mir aroys!" T'Today is
Purim, tomorrow it's not; give
me a penny and throw me
out!") Interestingly enough, a
recent article on pre-Lenten
activities quoted a very similar
rhyme used by Christian
children on Shrove Tuesday.
There are other parallels, too.
In medieval France and Italy,
the Jewish community
celebrated Purim with
elaborate carnivals com-
plete with a parade, featuring
floats, clowns and biblical
"tableaux" that echo the
carnival spirit and activities of
Mardi Gras. (In Israel, a major
carnival-like parade is held in
Tel Aviv on Purim. It is called
What Jewish holiday doesn't
have its own distinctive food?
For Purim, it is hamantaschen
the pastry filled with poppy
seeds and honey or with prune
lekvar (or, nowadays, with
apricot jam, strawberry
preserves, chocolate (??) or
other fruit). The triangle-
shaped pastry resembled a
pocket on a garment, since
ta8ch is German for "pocket."
Mohn is the word for poppy
seeds. The filled pastry, known
as mohntaschen, became, by a
punning reference, haman-
taschen, Hainan's pockets.
Some people say that the
triangular shape is a reminder
of the Persian hats worn by
courtiers such as Haman. In
Italy, they are known as orec-
chi di Aman Hainan's ears!
Whatever their etymological,
anatomical and/or haber-
dashery origin, hamantaschen
are the most appropriate
sweet for Purim.
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3 National Rabbinic Organizations
Supporting Israel Bond
Reinvestment Effort On Purim
Friday, March 13, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 9
The three U.S.-Canadian Rab-
binic organizations, representing
Orthodox, Conservative and
Reform Judaism, have united in a
"Reaffirmation with Israel" ef-
fort to help secure reinvestment
of some $400 million in State of
Israel Bonds purchased during the
Yom Kippur War by one million
North American Jews.
The synagogues, through which
most of the purchases were made,
will be the focal point of the
reinvestment effort which will
take place on Purim, and special
reinvestment tables will be set up
in many synagogues.
Holders of 1972-1973 Bonds will
receive the maturity value of their
Bonds up to 22 months in advance
by adding funds and purchasing a
new Bond of a higher denomina-
tion, and reinvestors who buy
$1,000 or more in Israel Bonds
will sign a special "Megillah of
Reaffirmation with Israel" on
Purim in their synagogues.
The "Megillahs" will be
presented to the Government of
Israel in a special ceremony in
Israel in April.
EEC Endorses Mideast Peace
Talks Under UN Auspices
By YOSSI LEMPKOWITZ
BRUSSELS (JTA) An in-
ternational conference for Middle
East peace was endorsed in prin-
ciple Monday (Feb. 24) by the 12
member-states of the European
Economic Community. It was the
first formal statement of support
for such a conference by the EEC
Foreign Ministers, meeting here
under the chairmanship of Belgian
Foreign Minister Leo Tindemans,
current president of the EEC
Council of Ministers.
The statement did not address
the form or composition of such a
conference, but suggested it be
held under United Nations
Victims Still
In Hospital
JERUSALEM (JTA) Only
three of the nine persons injured
when a bomb ripped through a
Jerusalem-bound bus in Hadera
remained hospitalized Monday.
All were reported in good condi-
tions, including a victim whose
badly mangled foot was saved by
surgeons at the Hillel Yaffe
Hospital in Hadera.
There were no reports of pro-
gress no the police investigation
of the terrorist act. All suspects
detained for questioning im-
mediately after the bombing have
been released.
THE BUS was on a return trip
from Haifa to Jerusalem. Police
are trying to determine whether
the bomb was planted when the
vehicle was at a Jerusalem park-
ing lot before starting its run to
Haifa.
Masada Hadassah
Masada Hadassah of Hollywood
is planning a seven day cruise on
the S.S. Caribe, leaving May 2.
The cruise will stop at four
Islands.
Reservations for upper and pro-
menade decks are available, and
port taxes and bus transportation
to and from the pier are included
in the cost.
For additional information
phone 920-5443.
Opti-Mrs. Club
The Opti-Mrs. Club of Miami
Beach will hold its annual fund-
raising Silver and Gold luncheon
at the Doral Hotel on March 17.
A musical fashion show will be
put on by Cache.
Mrs. Lawrence A Weston is
chairperson. The luncheon com-
mittee includes Mrs. Louis Pilzer,
Mrs. William Carmel, Mrs. Arnold
Renkoff, Mrs. Jack Segal, Mrs.
Milton Olkin, Mrs. Lee Pines and
Mrs. Ronald Miller. The primary
concern for the Opti-Mrs. Club for
the past 31 years has been the
care and rehabilitation of emo-
tionally disturbed children.
auspices with the participation of
the parties concerned and any
other parties that could make a
positive contribution to peace in
the Middle East and the region's
economic and social development.
Tindemans disclosed that he
received a message from the
Soviet Union last week outlining
its position on an international
conference. He did not divulge the
contents, but said he would con-
vey the EEC's position verbally to
the Soviet Ambassador in
Brussels.
The EEC statement said an in-
ternational conference should pro-
vide a suitable framework for the
necessary negotiations between
the disputing parties and that it
was prepared to contribute, both
as an international body and as in-
dividual states, to bringing closer
the positions of the parties
concerned.
Hilda and William J. Stern received the State
of Israel Bond Scroll of Honor at the Sea Air
Towers Night for Israel. Hy Kalus, Israeli mo-
tion picture director and producer was the
guest speaker. Chairman Ben Rabinowitz and
Mrs. Rabinowitz look on.
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% teaspoon peppef
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iSesooons grated Parmesan
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For this lesson
in Italian we want to
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pasta for your bambini
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Everything you
need to know can
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one word: Ronzoni
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For over 70 years,
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Before we say ciao
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' '


Page 10 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-HoUywood/Friday, March 13, 1987
, r J777_; ,' T" ?
Congressman Dante Fascell (D., Flo.), chair-
man of the House Foreign Affairs Committee,
hosts a coffee meeting for Israeli Prime
Minister Yitzhak Shamir during his visit in
Washington last week. Left to right are
Israel's Ambassador Meir Rosenne, Fascell,
Shamir, and Sen. Claiborne Pell (D., RI.),
chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee.
Yordim
Their Numbers Seen Highest Ever
By YITZHAK RABI
NEW YORK (JTA) A
new report by the Israeli
Ministry of Labor puts the
number of Israeli yordim
(immigrants) in the United
States and Canada at about
480,000, the highest ever of-
ficial Israeli estimate.
The report, recently submitted
to Labor and Welfare Minister
Moshe K.ttzav by consul Amos
Haddad, tead of the Labor
Ministry I ^legation in the United
States, < aracterized the new
estimate a "astonishing." It said
that the n i:nber was derived from
informati n supplied by the
United S'\tes Immigration and
Naturaliz tion Service (INS)
authoritie- and files from the
Israeli cc sulates in the United
States arii Canada.
ACCORDING to the report, in
December 1986 alone about
70,000 Isn-lis were registered at
INS, awaiting the immigrant
status tha includes the coveted
"Green Card" that will allow
them to work. The report noted
that INS data show that from
1966-79, 96,000 Israelis received
the status of immigrants, while
30,000 more were granted the
same status between 1980-86.
The new estimate of 480,000
yordim includes the American-
born children of the Israeli im-
migrants and Israelis who im-
migrated to the Untied States and
Canada after living for many
{ears in other countries, former
sraeli students and academicians
who came to study here and then
remained, and "many Israelis who
live in the United States illegal-
ly," the report said.
The report claimed that about
50,000 Israeli immigrants are liv-
ing in Canada in addition to
"many" illegal Israelis.
"These numbers (on the yor-
dim), although they might not be
completed accurate, indicate a
trend of mass migration of
Israelis, among them tens of
thousands of the best of Israeli
youths Israeli-born, kibbutzniks
and Israeli 'brains' who cannot
be replaced," the report stated.
AS FOR North American yor-
dim who returned to live in Israel,
the report noted that 2,109 who
lived in the United States and
Canada from two-11 years return-
ed to Israel in 1986. "This is an in-
crese of 17.5 percent compared to
1985, during which 1,776 Israelis
returned to Israel from the United
States and Canada," the report
stated. The yordim returned
through the offices of the Labor
Minnistry Delegation in the
United States, the report noted.
The report also provided the fin-
dings of a 1986 survey among the
yordim on their reasons for living
abroad. The survey included 760
heads of Israeli families living in
the United States and Canada,
562 of whom were academicians
and 198 non-academicians. The
reasons were: economic, quality of
life in Israel, employment, Israeli
bureaucratic red tape and educa-
tional opportunity. "None of the
respondents eited Israel's security
problems as a cause for yerida, '
the report stated.
The survey also found that
about 60 percent of the Israelis
who left Israel for America did so
before 1980. About 33 percent left
Israel between 1980-1983 while 8
percent left in 1984. Information
on the number of yordim after
1984 was not available.
Rot and Morris Ratner were
presented with the State of
Israel Bonds "Lion ofJudah"
Award at a cocktail reception
and buffet dinner held Tues-
day, March 8 in the Sheraton
Design Center in Dania. Hy
Kalus, producer and director
of the Jerusalem Theatre, was
guest speaker of the event,
which was sponsored by the
Hillcrest Community and
Hillcrest B'nai B'rith Lodge
No. 178$.
75th Anniversary
Diamond Jubilee Banquet
NATIONAL COUNCIL OF YOUNO ISRAEL
Joan and DavM KamMutt
(Y.I. of Hollywood-Ft Laudardala)
tththa
M'JMR AWARD
rwratonCM-frartaatf NawYortClty
tor raaarvattona *| aiMal ad Manka contact
NCYIaajmCimwIWIl
JW.iaHiI..N.Y.N.Y.M011
raa(t1a)e1MS


Friday, March 13, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 11
:-:>>>Kxs^^
Co-Chairpersons Leo Kemp
and Betty Fox Afaged announce
that Helen and Walter H.
Mayer will be honored at a
Night For Israel Bonds
Celebration Sunday, March 22,
at 8 p.m. in the Recreation
Building of Oceanview Park
Condominium, 900 Parkview
Place, Hallandale. The Mayers
will be presented with the
Israel Bonds Scroll of Honor,
and Mickey Freeman,
humorist, will entertain.
Refreshments will be served,
and everyone is welcome.
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ANTI ISRAEL DEMONSTRATION: A
demonstrator burns a replica of the flag of
Israel last Thursday (Feb. 26) in front of the
Cairo Bar Association. The demonstration
in Jerusalem from a visit with President
AP/Wide World Photo
Reagan in Washington fuming over Peres' in-
itiative. Peres' visit with President Hosni
Mubarak was his first since he came to Alex-
andria last September.
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Page 12 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, March 13, 1987
Jews Not a Race
But Vandalism Is Racist Act
SE Region Of AJCongress
To Honor George Firestone
By DAVID FRIEDMAN
WASHINGTON (JTA)
The lawyer for a subur-
ban Washington synagogue
that had been desecrated
argued before the United
States Supreme Court last
Wednesday (Feb. 25) that
while Jews cannot be con-
sidered a race, the van-
dalism was a racist act.
Patricia Brannan, a
Washington lawyer, said that the
eight men who sprayed swastikas
and anti-Semitic slogans on the
Shaare Tefila Congregation
synagogue in Silver Spring, Md.,
on Nov. 1, 1982, acted because
they considered Jews to be non-
whites.
S. Africa Olim
Arrive in Israel
TEL AVTV (JTA) Minister
of Immigration Yaacov Tsur,
greeting 50 youthful ohm from
South Africa at Ben-Gurion Air-
port, made clear that Israel totally
rejects the apartheid regime but
must leave it to the Western
powers to establish policy toward
the Pretoria government
"We must be part of the
western world, including the U.S.,
in our policy toward the South
African governments, but I do not
recommend that Israel play a
leading role on this issue," Tsur
said. He stressed that "Israel op-
poses the apartheid regime in
South Africa and rejects
everything related to it. However,
Israel's responsibility and com-
mitment to the Jewish community
calls for a warm and continuous
connection with the Jews there, in
order to encourage their immigra-
tion to Israel."
Meanwhile, Mayor Harold
Rudoph of Johannesburg, who
was visiting Israel, said economic
sanctions against South Africa
would not harm the Jewish com-
munity. But he said he would be
disapponted nevertheless, were
Israel to impose sanctions, "since
sanctions don't solve a thing, and
don't help anyone."
However Deborah Garren, a
Baltimore lawyer representing
one of the vandals, claimed that
while the act was one of religious
discrimination it was not racist as
defined by federal civil rights laws
adopted in 1866.
SHAARE TEFILA, a Conser-
vative congregation, was defaced
with swastikas and other Nazi
symbols and such slogans as
"Death to the Jude."
Eight persons were later ar-
rested for the vandalism and two
of them were convicted of damag-
ing the synagogue. The
synagogue filed a suit in federal
court against all eight charging
that the congregation's civil
rights had been violated.
The suit seeks $3,000 to cover
the cost of repainting the
synagogue's walls with any other
money awarded going to the Mon-
tgomery County Human Relations
Commission. The synagogue is in
Montgomery County, which
borders Washington.
However, the Fourth U.S. Cir-
cuit Court of Appeals in Rich-
mond, Va., rejected the suit in a
2-1 decision which said Jews could
not use the civil rights law for pro-
tection, as they were not a
separate non-white race.
AT THE same time, the U.S.
Court of Appeals in Philadelphia
ruled that Majid Ghaidan Al-
Khazraji, an Iraqi-born professor,
could sue under the 1866 acts over
his charge that St. Francis Col-
lege in Pennsylvania denied him
tenure because he was an Arab.
His case was also heard before the
Supreme Court Wednesday.
Brannan", the synagogue's
lawyer, argued that the intent of
the law was to bar racist acts.
While she stressed that she did
not want the Supreme Court or
any other court to rule on whether
Jews were a race, she said that
the ideology of the Nazis in Ger-
many and neo-Nazis and groups
like the Ku Klux Klan in the U.S.
is that Jews were non-whites.
She said this was the belief of
the vandals and that their intent
was racist.
Brannan is a member of the law
firm of Hogan Hartson, which is
co-counsel in the suit with the
Jewish Advocacy Center, a non-
profit group founded to bring
legal action against those commit-
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ting anti-Semitic acts.
KENNETH LIPSON, a co
founder of the Jewish Advocacy
Center, told reporters after the
hearing, that the purpose of the
suit was to send a "clear message
that anti-Semitic violence would
not be tolerated."
Rabbi Martin Halpera, the con-
gregation's religious leader,
stressed that "our generation has
been traumatized by the
Holocaust, which has taught us
that silence is not the answer to
bigotry ... When one human be-
ing or one institution suffers
debasement, then we debase all of
the human family."
Brannan told reporters that she
was particularly pleased that the
congregation's appeal to the
Supreme Court had been joined by
groups such as the Anti-
Defamation League of B'nai
B'rith, the NAACP Legal Defense
and Educational Fund, the Inter-
national Network of Children of
Holocaust Survivors and the
American Gathering and Federa-
tion of Jewish Holocaust
Survivors.
A decision is not expected for
several months.
Florida Secretary of State
George Firestone will be honored
by the Southeast Region of the
American Jewish Congress at the
Horace M. Kallen Award Dinner
starting at 6 p.m. on March 19 at
the Eden Roc Hotel.
Firestone will be recognized for
many years of service to the
citizens of Florida. According to
the organization, Firestone was
instrumental in establishing
broad-based arts programming to
reach special population groups
including the handicapped and
minorities. He also helped to
establish a State Touring Pro-
gram which takes high-quality
performing arts groups into less
populated areas of the state.
"George Firestone carries an
extraordinary portfolio of ac-
complishment," said dinner chair-
man Tibor Hollo, president of
Florida East Coast Properties.
"He is fully committed to the prin-
ciples of social justice, equal op-
portunity and the defense of
human rights both at home and
abroad."
Prior to his election as
Secretary of State in 1978,
Firestone served in the Florida
legislature for 12 years.
The keynote address at the din-
ner will feature Phil Baum, an ex-
pert on terrorism and domestic
Jewish affairs who is the national
associate executive director of
AJCongress.
Joining Hollo on the Dinner
Committee are John Berenyi,
Myrna Bricker, Arlene and
Harvey Chaplin, Bobbi and Mel
Dick, Niety and Gary Gerson,
Senator Jack Gordon, Louise and
Herbert Kaplan, Andrew
Lefkowitz, Nancy and Norman
Lipoff, Ellen and Bernard
Mandler, William C. McFarland,
Norma and Michael Orovitz, Jill
and Richard Preston, Joyce M.
Siemon, Lee Spiegelman, Sylvia
and Charles Silvers, Congressman
Larry Smith and Henry Wolff, Jr.
Jewish Group
Seeks Peers
NEW YORK (JTA) The
Assistance to Lithuanian Jews
organization is seeking the
names of Lithuanian Jews and
their progeny. To send a name,
or for more information, write
the organization c/o Joseph
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Friday, March 13,1987/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-HoUywood
Page 13
Peres' Cairo Trip
Leaves Crisis on Hold
Egypt's Foreign Minister Esmat Abdel
Maguid (left) welcomes Israel's Foreign
Minister Shimon Peres last week (Feb. 25) at a
military airport east of Cairo. Peres came to
Cairo without the blessing of Israel's Prime
Minister Yitzhak Shamir, who arrived back
AP/Wide World Photo
in Jerusalem from a visit with President
Reagan in Washington fuming over Peres'in-
itiative. Peres' visit with President Hosni
Mubarak was his first since he came to Alex-
andria last September.
Peres Says
He Represents Entire Israel Gov't.
JERUSALEM (JTA) -
Vice Premier and Labor
Party leader Shimon Peres
declared in Cairo Wednes-
day (Feb. 25) that he was
representing the entire
Israeli government in his
talks there with Egypt's
leaders.
But Likud leaders here
reiterated Premier Yitzhak
Shamir's warnings that the unity
government could fall if Peres
persisted in pursuing the option of
an international conference for
the Middle East.
SHAMIR HIMSELF was still
en route for home, following a
10-day trip to the U.S., as Peres
left for Cairo.
Peres' timing plainly was
regarded by Likud as an open in-
sult to the Premier, and political
circles said Wednesday that the
crisis between the two main coali-
tion partners was at its deepest.
One important indication of the
political atmosphere was a state-
ment by National Religious Party
leader Zevulun Hammer, Minister
of Religions. Long an ardent sup-
porter of the unity government,
Hammer said Wednesday that
gerheads, it was 'hard to see what
the value of this unity is" and that
perhaps the best alternative
would indeed be elections.
PERES MET President Hosni
Mubarak Thursday (Feb. 26) on
the second day of his trip to
Egypt. After his arrival he had
talks with Foreign Minister
Esmat Abdel-Meguid.
By DAVID LANDAU
Ami HUGH ORGEL
JERUSALEM (JTA) -
The anticipated Labor-
Likud crisis which many
believe would spell the end
of the unity coalition
government remained on
hold Thursday (Feb. 26) as
Israel awaited the outcome
of Vice Premier and
Foreign Minister Shimon
Peres' meeting with Egyp-
tian President Hosni
Mubarak in Cairo.
Peres announced in Cairo late
Thursday that he would have
another round of talks with
Mubarak on Friday, which was
unscheduled. The two men met to
discuss matters still outstanding
with respect to an international
peace conference for the Middle
East, including Soviet and Palesti-
nian participation and procedural
arrangements.
PERES SAID "new ideas"
were raised at their meeting
Thursday, but would not say what
they were. This aroused the ire of
Premier Yitzhak Shamir, who told
a caucus of Likud Ministers that
Peres had "not bothered" to
report to him, and he had no
knowledge of what new ideas
were raised.
Shamir is adamantly opposed to
an international conference in-
cluding the Soviet Union on
grounds that Israel would be
isolated and pressured to return
to its pre-1967 borders. Peres
went to Cairo Wednesday (Feb.
25) while Shamir was still enroute
home from a lu-day visit to the
U.S., a fact that further irritated
the Likud leader and his
colleagues.
On landing in Israel Wednesday
night, Shamir told reporters that
the Peres-Mubarak meeting could
well determine the fate of the uni-
ty government. Peres met with
Mubarak in Alexandria last
September, when he was Premier.
They agreed in principle to an in-
ternational conference. Shamir,
then Foreign Minister, was sharp-
ly critical.
BUT NOTHING emerged from
the Likud caucus Thursday to fur-
ther aggravate the tense situation
between the coalition partners.
Shamir warned, however, that
Peres had no right or mandate to
agree to anything on Israel's
behalf with respect to an interna-
tional forum.
The Premier said earlier that
any agreement Peres brought
back from Cairo would have to be
submitted to the full Cabinet for
approval.
Never A
Dodge or Ford
Continued from Page 4
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Page 14 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, March 13, 1987
Tower Report
U.S. Responsible for Iran Arms Sales
By DAVID FRIEDMAN
WASHINGTON (JTA)
President Reagan's
special review board on the
Iranian-Contra affair said
Thursday (Feb. 26) that
while Israel was heavily in-
volved and may have in-
itiated the United States ef-
forts in Iran, the decision to
sell arms to Iran was an
American one for which the
U.S. bears full
responsibility.
"There was heavy Israeli in-
volvement," former Sen. John
Tower, chairman of the three-
member board, said at a White
House press conference. "Of
course, the final decision of our
own participation was our own."
The board, which the President
appointed last Dec. 1, released its
findings Thursday. Reagan ap-
peared briefly at the start of the
press conference to say that he
would read the report carefully
and report to the nation on it over
television next week.
Former Sen. Edward Muskie,
(D., Maine), who was Secretary of
State in the Carter Administra-
tion, said that it was not clear who
originated the idea of the U.S.
seeking influence in Iran.
It was an "initiative that began
either in Iran, in Israel or in the
United States," he said.
BRENT SCOWCROFT, na-
tional security advisor in the Ford
Administration and the third
member of the board, added that
the board did not have the "full
picture" on Israel's involvement.
"There is no question that the
Israelis encouraged, if (they) did
not initiate this policy, and that
they did whatever they could
when it appeared to be flagging
from time to time to renew its
vigor," Scowcroft said.
"I think the problem is that our
goals and the Israeli goals were
not synonymous," he added.
"Indeed, in some respects they
have been in conflict."
While Scowcroft did not
describe the difference in goals,
the report does list them:
"Israel had long-standing in-
terests in a relationship with Iran
and in promoting its arms export
industry. Arms sales to Iran could
further both objectives. It also of-
fered a means of strengthening
Iran against Israel's a old adver-
sary, Iraq.
"MUCH OF Israel's military
equipment came originally from
the United States, however. For
both legal and political reasons,
Israel felt a need for U.S. ap-
proval of, or at least acquiescence
in, any arms sale to Iran.
"In addition, elements in Israel
undoubtedly wanted the United
States involved for its own sake so
as to distance the United States
from the Arab world and ultimate-
ly to establish Israel as the only
real strategic partner of the
United States in the region."
The report added that "Iran
badly wanted" the U.S. Tow and
Hawk missiles that Israel could
provide to counter Iraqi superiori-
ty in planes and armor. "Israel
was more than willing to provide
these weapons to Iran, but only if
the United States approved the
transfer and would agree to
replace the weapons," the reoort
said.
TOWER SAID that the board
believes that Reagan approved
Israel's first sale of arms to Iran
in Agusut 1985, before the ship-
ment took place. Reagan, in his
first testimony to the board, said
he approved the sale in August,
but then later told the board his
approval came after the shipment.
Since then he has said he cannot
remember when his approval
came. Tower pointed out that one
reason why the board could not
come to any conclusions on the ex-
tent of Israel's involvement was
that the Israeli government refus-
ed to allow it to interview the
Israelis involved. The Israeli
government had agreed to reply
to written questions, but had not
done so before the report was
completed.
Israeli Premier Yitzhak Shamir,
during his visit to Washington last
week, promised to cooperate with
the Senate and House committees
investigating the Iran/Contra af-
fair. But it was not clear whether
he would allow the Israelis involv-
ed to be interviewed.
Israeli Embassy spokesman
Yosef Gal said last Thursday that
the Embassy received the board's
questions on Feb. 16. He said they
were very detailed, and it was
"impossible" to provide the infor-
mation in time. But he said "we
are cooperating" with all the
investigations.
TOWER ALSO said the board
had not come to any conclusions
on the transfer of funds from the
sale of arms to Iran to the Con-
tras. He said the board was denied
access to the Swiss banks involv-
ed, and Adm. John Poindexter,
the former National Security Ad-
visor, and Marine Lt. Col. Oliver
North, the former National
Security Council employee involv-
ed in the Iran affair, among
others, refused to testify before
the board.
However, the report noted, as
previously made public, that
North, under questioning from
Attorney General Edwin Meese,
said the diversion of funds "was
an Israeli idea."
Shamir denied in Washington
last week any Israeli involvement
in the diversion of funds.
He also stressed that Israel
acted in the Iran affair as an ally
and friend of the U.S.
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OBTHODOX
rgi*atlaa TtodMfk Lubavitch, 1296 E. HaUandale Beach Blvd.. HaUao-
dala; 46S-18T7. Rabbi Rabat Tannenhaua. Daily aarvioai 7:66 a.m., 6:90 p.m.; Friday
evening, 6:80 p.m.; Saturday moraine, a.m., Saturday trauma;, 7:80 P"-. Sunday
8:90 a.m. and 6:90 p.m. Battgkwi school: Gradaa 1-8. Nuraary school Monday
t&roufffi Fridamy.
Taw Iaraai U BaOywaad 9291 Stating Road; 966-7877, Rabbi Edward Davie.
Dauy aarrieaa, 7:80 a.m., sundown; Sabbath services, ona hour batoca aundown; Sab-
bath monung. o'clock; Sunday, 8 am
CONBEKVATITE
-------rf Jewish Caatar 416 NE 8th Ara.; 464-9100. Rabbi Cart Klein. Daily
aarrieaa, 8:80 a.m, 5:90 p.m.; Sabbath 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 8:46 a.m.
Taaaala Balk Shah. 1400 N. 46th At,., Hollywood; Ml-4111. Rabbi Morton
alalavsky. Daily aarrieaa, 7:46 a.m., aundown: Sabbath araaing, 8:16 p.m.; Sabbath
morning, 9 o'clock. Religious achool: KindargarUn-8.
Temple Bath Ah- 9790 Stirling Road. Hollywood; 481-6100. Rabbi Avraham
Kapnak. Sarrieaa daily 8 ajn.; Sabbath 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning 8:46 a.m. Religious
School: Nuraary, Bar hfiunrah, Judaiee High School.
Taaaala Iaraai af Miramar 6920 SW 96th St.; 961-1700. Rabbi Raphael Adler.
Daily aarrieaa, 8:90 a.m.; Sabbath, 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 8:46 a.m. Religious
School: pre-kindergarUn-8.
Tessa** Sinai 1201 Johnaon St, Hollywood: 920-1677. Rabbi Richard J. Margolis,
8 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 9 a.m. Religious school: Pre-kindergarten-Judaica High
School.
REFORM
i Bath El 1861 S. 14th Ave., Hollywood; 920-8226. Rabbi Samuel Z. Jaffa.
Sabbath evening 8 p.m. Sabbath morning 11 a.m. Religious school: Grades K-10.
Temple Beth Emet 10801 Pembroke Road, Pembroke Pines: 431-3688. Rabbi
Bennett Greenspon. Sabbath services, 8:15 p.m. First Friday of the month we meet
at 7:30 p.m. Religious school: Pre-kindergarten-10.
Temple Sold 5100 Sheridan St., Hollywood: 9894205. Rabbi Robert P. Frazin.
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RECON8TRUCTIONIST
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Friday, Marcft'l3, \$8Trfhe Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 15

Temple Update
Hallandale Jewish
Center
Daniel Philip Zweben will
celebrate his Bar Mitzvah in the
Bresence of his parents, Dr. and
Irs. Allen Zweben, and his grand-
parents, Mr. and Mrs. Hymen
Golos, along with other family
members at the Hallandale Jewish
Center, on Saturday at 8:45 a.m.
The Hallandale Jewish Center's
Purim Festival will be celebrated
with the reading of the Megillah,
beginning Saturday at 7:30 p.m.
and continuing Sunday after the 8
a.m. morning services.
The Annual Jewish National
Fund Breakfast, honoring Hallan-
dale Jewish Center members
Mayor Samuel Waterman and
Mrs. Waterman, will be held at
the Temple on Sunday at 10 a.m.
Hallandale City Commissioner
Art Canon will be chairman.
Members and friends of the Tem-
ple are invited to this complimen-
tary breakfast. For reservations
please call 454-9100.
Carmen Cavallaro, renowned
pianist, will appear at the Hallan-
dale Jewish Center's Auditorium
as a part of the Temple's Show
Series on Sunday at 7:15 p.m.
Comedian Sonny Sands will open
the show. Tickets, which may be
purchased at the door, are $10 per
person.
The Hallandale Jewish Center's
Annual Seders will be held April
13 and 14 in the Auditorium.
Reservations are limited, and all
those interested should contact
the Temple Office, 454-9100.
Temple Beth El
Temple Beth El will present Dr.
Bernard Reisman, director of the
Hornstein Program in Jewish
Communal Service at Brandeis
University, as their Scholar-In-
Residence weekend speaker at
Shabbat Services on Friday even-
ing, March 20. Dr. Reisman will
speak on "The Jewish Family: Its
Future, Its Strengths and
Weaknesses."
Mrs. Bertha Becker is presen-
ting the flowers on the Bima in
memory of her parents, Bessie
and Jacob Rutstein, and her son,
David Becker. Mrs. Frances
Goldman is sponsoring the Oneg
Shabbat in memory of her hus-
band, William Goldman.
Dr. Reisman will be present
after Shabbat Services on Satur-
day morning, March 21, when he
will speak on "What's Right -
What's Wrong." There will be a
Kiddush Luncheon following his
presentation. Tickets for the lun-
cheon are $5 per person and reser-
vations may be made by sending a
check to the Temple office.
Dr. Reisman will also speak on
Sunday morning, at a breakfast
meeting sponsored by the
Brotherhood, on "The Challenge
of Intermarriage." The price of
the breakfast is $1.50 per person.
Dr. Leon Weissberg will con-
duct his Jewish History Class on
Monday, March 23, at 11:30 a.m.
in the Chapel Lounge. All are
welcome.
The Executive Committee
meeting of the Brotherhood will
be held Monday evening at 7 p.m.,
followed by the Brotherhood
Board Meeting at 7:30 p.m.
Temple Beth El will have their
Shabbat Purim Family Services
Friday evening, at 8 p.m. There
will be a reading of the Megillah
and the Congregational Sing.
The Sisterhood of Temple Beth
El will sponsor the annual Purim
dinner for Congregation members
at 6:15 p.m. on Friday evening in
the Tobin Auditorium. Reserva-
tions are $8 per person and should
be sent to the Temple Office.
The flowers on the Bima are be-
ing presented by Mrs. Alta Orr-
inger in memory of her husband,
Dr. Harry B. Orringer. Temple
Beth El Sisterhood is sponsoring
the Oneg Shabbat.
Rabbi Jaffe will conduct the
Torah Study on Saturday morning
in the Chapel at 10:15 a.m.,
followed by Shabbat Service at 11
a.m.
There will be a Purim Festival
on Sunday from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.
at the Temple, featuring games,
sports, and presenting the
hilarious movie, "The Frisco Kid"
at 10 a.m. One price pays for
everything (Adults: $4, Children:
$2.50.) All are welcome.
Rabbi Jaffe will conduct his Bi-
ble Seminar at 10 a.m. in the
Chapel on Monday.
Shabbat Service will be held at 8
p.m. on Friday, March 27 at Tem-
ple Beth El, conducted by Rabbi
Samuel Z. Jaffe.
Mr. and Mrs. Sam Mintz are
sponsoring the flowers on the
Bima in honor of their special bir-
thdays. The Oneg Shabbat is spon-
sored by the Sisterhood.
Rabbi Jaffe will conduct the
Torah Service on Saturday morn-
ing at 10:15 a.m. The Shabbat
Service will follow at 11 a.m.
The Chaverim of Temple Beth
El will have a breakfast on Sun-
day, March 29, at 9:30 a.m. in the
Chapel Lounge. On Sunday even-
ing, Temple Beth El will honor
Elvia and Richard Tober, Temple
members, in conjunction with the
Jewish National Fund at a Vien-
nese Sweet Table reception in the
Tobin Auditorium at 7:30 p.m.
This function which is in support
of the Jewish National Fund, is
being chaired by Judge Morton
and Gladys Abram.
Rabbi Jaffe will conduct his Bi-
ble Seminar on Monday, March
30, at 10 a.m. in the Chapel.
The Sisterhood of Temple Beth
El will hold their Annual Donor
Luncheon on Tuesday, March 31
at 11:30 a.m. at the Sea View
Hotel in Bal Harbour.
The Sisterhood will have their
Board Meeting on Thursday,
April 2, at 9:30 a.m.
Temple Sinai
the Friday Evening Sabbath
Service will begin at 8 p.m. in the
Temple Sanctuary with Rabbi
Richard J. Margolis and Cantor
Misha Alexandrovich officiating.
During the Sabbath Service on
Saturday morning, the Bar Miti-
vah of Jason Weaver, son of
Robert and Myra Weaver, will be
celebrated. Jason is a seventh
grade honor student in the gifted
program at Nova Middle School.
He is an accomplished drummer
and percussionist, and is a
member of Temple Sinai's United
Synagogue Youth program. Jason
will be sharing his Bar Mitzvah
with Mishka Rabinovich of
Moscow, the son of a Russian
refusenik family.
In honor of Jason becoming a
Bar Mitzvah, the pulpit flowers
for the Sabbath, the Oneg Shab-
bat on Friday evening, and the
Kiddush on Saturday morning will
be sponsored by his parents.
The Reading of the Megillah will
take place in the Temple Sanc-
tuary at 7 p.m. on Saturday.
Students of the Paul B. Anton
Religious School and the Temple
Youth Groups will participate in
the Service. Visitors are cordially
invited to attend.
A Purim Carnival will take place
on the Temple grounds Sunday
from 11 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. There
will be booths set up with games,
prizes and food.
Cantor Alexandrovich will con-
clude his class on "The Golden
Age of Cantors" for the Spring
Term on Thursday.
The Friday evening Sabbath <
Service on March 20 will begin at
8 p.m. in the Temple Sanctuary
with Rabbi Richard J. Margolis
and Cantor Misha Alexandrovich
officiating. Members of the Tem-
ple's United Synagogue Youth
and Kadima groups will par-
ticipate in the Service.
On Saturday morning, March
21, Sabbath Services will begin at
9 a.m. During the service a stain-
ed glass window in the Temple
Sanctuary will be dedicated. The
window has been donated by Mr.
and Mrs. Milton Blaut, Mrs. Mary
Feldman and Mrs. Mollie Silver
and Family, who will sponsor the
Kiddush following the service.
On Sunday morning, March 22,
the Parent Education Program
will meet at 9 a.m. in the Lipman
Youth Wing. A breakfast and a
learn-in workshop on the holiday
of Passover is scheduled.
The Temple Sinai Young
Singles (ages 20-35) will hold a
Brunch in the Haber Karp Hall on
Sunday at 11 a.m. Admission
charge is $5 per person.
The final session of the Fourth
Tuesday Adult Education Series
will take place on Tuesday, March
24, at 6:30 p.m. in the Lipman
Youth Wing.
Temple Sinai will hold an Art
Sale and Auction on Saturday,
March 28 at 8:30 p.m. The public
preview is at 8 p.m. and selected
art works will be available for
purchase.
Temple Sinai's Congregational
Meeting will take place on Sunday
morning, March 29 at 10 a.m.
During the meeting, the election
of Officers and Board of Gover-
nors for 1987-88 will be held.
Temple Sinai's Congregational
Seder will take place on Monday,
April 18 at 6 p.m. in the Haber
Karp Hall. A limited number of
places are available for non-
Temple members to attend the
Seder. Please call the Temple of-
fice 920-1577 for information and
reservations.
Temple Beth Shalom
Weekend services at Temple
Beth Shalom, 1400 North 46
Avenue, Hollywood, will be con-
ducted by Dr. Morton Malavsky,
rabbi, assisted by Cantor Irving
Gold, chanting the liturgy. Service
will begin at 5 p.m. Friday and at
9 a.m., Saturday. In observance of
Purim holiday, Megillah Reading
will begin at 7 p.m., in the main
sanctuary, led by Dr. Malavsky.
Groggers and appropriate Purim
refreshments will be provided by
JOURNEY TO FREEDOM: Armand Hammer (right) shared
details of how he was able to obtain the release of long-time Soviet
refusenik Dr. Jacob Goldfarb and his wife with, a group of Bar-
llan University supporters in Los Angeles. The industrialist and
philanthropist chaired the annual dinner of the West Coast
Friends of Bar-Ilan, at which Chancellor Emanuel Rackman
(left.) was cited for his decade of service to the University. Ham-
mer told the 800 guests, 'One success cannot make us complacent.
Our work is not over until everyone in the world can live in digni-
ty and peace.'
Sisterhood and Temple to all in
attendance.
Service in the Jack Shapiro
Chapel will begin at 7:30 a.m.,
Sunday, which will include Purim
morning service. Weekday ser-
vices are held in the Chapel at
7:30 a.m. and 5 p.m. For addi-
tional information, please call
Rabbi Alberto Cohen, 981-6113.
The Beth Shalom Purim Car-
nival will be held on Sunday on the
school grounds and building from
11 a.m. to 3 p.m., sponsored by
the Academy Parents Associa-
tion. Everyone welcome.
Available will be games, food,
bazaar, prizes and fun for all. Call
school for more details, 966-2200.
Beth Shalom's annual Com-
munity Passover Seder will be
held both nights, Monday, April
13 and Tuesday, April 14, at 6:30
p.m. Members and friends in the
area may attend both Seders on
either Monday or Tuesday night.
Group reservations will be
honored. Call Sylvia S. Senick, ex-
ecutive director, 981-6111, or stop
at Temple office for tickets and
more information. Seder meals
will be kosher, prepared and serv-
ed by Shalom Caterers.
The Temple will have a Blood
Drive on Wednesday, April 1, 4
p.m. to 7 p.m. Memorial
Hospital's Bloodmobile will be ac-
cepting donations and will be
parked in front of Temple area.
Those reserving special time to
donate are requested to call the
Temple office, 981-6111, and
reserve prior to March 25. Dr.
Steven Weisberg serves as Tem-
ple chairman for the Blood Drive.
Dr. Malavsky will lead a sum-
mer tour to Israel, departing June
22, returning July 6. Included in
this group will be families, couples
and singles, all age groups. The 15
day trip includes deluxe accom-
modations, meals and top
sightseeing. For brochure and ad-
ditional details, please call
981-6111.
Arthur Grossberg Elected Officer
Of Jewish Funeral Directors Of U.S.
Arthur Grossberg was elected
treasurer of the Jewish Funeral
Directors of America at their re-
cent annual meeting in Hawaii.
Grossberg, a native of South
Florida, is vice president of
Levitt-Weinstein Memorial
Chapels and Beth David Memorial
Gardens
Mr. Grossberg is a member, as
well as a former board member, of
Temple Sole! in Hollywood and a
member of Emerald Hills Lodge
of B'nai B'rith and Workmen's
Circle.
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I

Page 16 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, March 13, 1987
Hebrew University Opens School Of Veterinary Medicine
Senior Israeli veterinary
research positions are vacant
today because of a shortage of
qualified people. In two years
time, that shortage will begin
to be filled by the first
graduates from the recently
established Koret School of
Veterinary Medicine at the
Hebrew University of
Jerusalem.
Strategically located at the
Hebrew University's Faculty
of Agriculture in Rehovot, 40
miles from Jerusalem and 15
from Tel Aviv and just down
the road from the Ministry of
Agriculture's Kimron Institute
of Veterinary Medicine at Beit
Dagan, the School recently
began its second year of opera-
tions and teaching. Nine of the
20 students in the first class
have been granted awards for
excellence by the University
Rector. This proportion of ex-
cellent students exceeds that
of any other academic unit at
the Hebrew University of
Jerusalem.
The four years of studies at
the Koret School of Veterinary
Medicine (for students who
have already completed at
least two years at a university)
are provided in three depart-
ments Veterinary Biology,
Veterinary Pathology and
Microbiology, and Veterinary
Medicine and Surgery.
In addition to catering to its
regular students, the school
has begun organizing continu-
ing education and refresher
courses for experienced Israeli
veterinarians, all of whom
were trained outside Israel.
The intention is to enrich their
knowledge of semi-tropical
and tropical animal diseases
prevalent in Israel and, at the
same time, to utilize these
practitioners' own knowledge
and experience in the field
with local animal diseases,
through discussion and ex-
change of information among
themselves and with the lec-
turers. In the future, the
School plans to broaden the
scope of the program and to
create an international center
for learning, enrichment and
research projects in veterinary
medicine.
Apart from the basic need
for an indigenous veterinary
medical school, one of the main
reasons for establishing the
school was that the ad hoc
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system
Israel's
of
providing for
need for trained
veterinarians, by sending
students abroad to study, was
breaking down. The ever-
increasing pressure for places
in good schools of veterinary
medicine throughout the West
had, in most cases, caused
them to restrict admission to
their own nationals, leaving
Israelis no avenue open for
quality studies in veterinary
medicine. The Koret School
provides such an avenue and
fills the need.
Veterinary medicine in the
last quarter of the 20th Cen-
tury is much more than just
the care and treatment of sick
animals. It is also a vital ad-
junct to human medicine, with
a central role in public health,
and it has a contribution to
make in the ongoing fight
against diseases that scourge
mankind.
The research groups at the
Koret School are investigating
areas such as: slow virus
diseases in ruminant animals
and their relationship with
human AIDS; lung cancer in
sheep from the veterinary
aspect and as a natural model
for human cancer; the proto-
zean diseases Babesiosis and
Anaplasmosis in ruminants;
lymphoproliferative diseases
in turkeys; various influences
in fetal development; and em-
bryo transfer diseases in
domestic animals. School staff
members also pursue col-
laborative research projects
with scientists in Washington
State University, Florida
University at Gainsville, and
the University of California at
Davis.
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