The Jewish Floridian of South Broward

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Material Information

Title:
The Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Running title:
Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood
Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood
Uncontrolled:
Jewish Floridian of South County
Physical Description:
Newspaper
Language:
English
Publisher:
Fred Shochet
Place of Publication:
Hollywood, Fla

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Hollywood (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Broward County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Broward -- Hollywood

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 13, no. 23 (Nov. 11, 1983)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issue for July 7, 1989 called no. 11 but constitutes no. 13.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statement conflict: Aug. 4, 1989 called no. 14 in masthead and no. 15 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44513894
lccn - sn 00229542
ocm44513894
System ID:
AA00014306:00082

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Related Items:
Jewish Floridian
Preceded by:
Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood


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Full Text
BULK RATE
U.S. POSTAGE
PAID
MAllANDAli FLORIDA
PERMIT NO 324
Volume 17 Number 4
Hollywood, Florida Friday, January 30, 1987
Congressman Bill Lehman makes a point in discussions with Foreign Minister Shimon
Peres during Lehman's recent trip to the Middle East.
Rep. Lehman on Tour
Unhappy Political Realities in Israel
Lead to Some Very Strange Behavior

U.S. Rep. William
Lehman (D., Miami) joined
other House members and
key State Department of-
ficials on a trip overseas in
late November to get a first-
hand assessment of
American security needs
and to consult on plans to
upgrade embassy security in
several Middle East and
South Asian countries.
In Miami last week, Lehman
told The Jewish Floridian that, on
the occasion of the trip, he travel-
ed by car from Aman, Jordan to
Jerusalem for meetings with
Israeli officials and American
diplomats.
"SURFACE TRAVEL bet-
ween Israel and Jordan may be
commonplace," he said, "but it
still shows tensions and paranoia
in that part of the world. In order
to cross the Jordan River into the
West Bank, we had to leave the
Jordanian vehicle, walk across the
Allenby Bridge and get into an
Israeli car on the other side."
Lehman added: "I also needed
two passports one stamped by
Israeli officials when I entered the
country, and another to show to
Jordanian officials upon my
return which showed no trace of
my having been in Israel."
Lehman is a member of the
House Appropriations Commit-
tee, which has allocated for Fiscal
Year 1987 $4 billion to combat ter-
rorism and to strengthen security
for U.S. facilities and personnel
overseas.
DURING HIS trip, he and other
members of the delegation in-
spected the present U.S. embassy
in Amman and visited the site
where ten scattered U.S. facilities
will be combined into one new em-
bassy compound to improve
security.
To emphasize these and other
points he enumerated in Miami
last week, Lehman recently wrote
in a Report from Washington that
"In Israel, it would be counter-
productive to discuss specific defi-
Continued on Page 14-
Murphy Sure
Peace Can
Be Reached
Only Means Still Impede
Israel-Egypt-Jordan Move
By DAVID LANDAU
JERUSALEM (JTA) -
U.S. Assistant Secretary of
State Richard Murphy, win-
ding up a two-week tour of
the Middle East, said here
that he was "convinced"
that Israel, Egypt and Jor-
dan are serious about ad-
vancing the peace process,
though they remain at odds
overnow to go about it.
Murphy, who arrived here from
Saudi Arabia Wednesday (Jan. 14)
and returned to the U.S. by the
end of the week, briefed Premier
Yitzhak Shamir on his talks in Jor-
dan and Egypt. His stopover in
Jerusalem was his second since he
came to the region two weeks ago
on his first visit since September.
HE TOLD reporters, "I am
returning to Washington convinc-
ed of the seriousness of purpose
about advancing the peace pro-
cess here, in Jordan and in
Egypt." A spokesman for Shamir
said Murphy informed the
Premier that there was no change
in the basic disagreement among
the three countries over how to
revive the peace process.
"There are good intentions, but
there is disagreement over how to
proceed," the spokesman quoted
Murphy as saying.
Egypt and Jordan are pressing
for an international peace con-
ference on the Middle East with
the participation of the five per-
manent members of the United
Nations Security Council and all
parties concerned, including the
Continued on Page 13
A Jewish Covenant
Miami Rabbi Bernat Voices Opposition
Rabbi Bernat
By MASK WINER
NEW YORK Should
rabbis officiate at mixed
marriages?
David Belin of Des
Moines, who chairs the
Commission on Reform
Jewish Outreach, calls this
"the most divisive issue on
the agenda of the Reform
to Mixed Marriage
movement." The Central
Conference of American
Rabbis, the rabbinical body
of Reform Judaism, has
declared its opposition to
participation by its
members "in any ceremony
which solemnizes a mixed
marriage,'' while
acknowledging the freedom
of every rabbi "to hold
divergent interpretation of
Jewish tradition."
Rabbi Alexander M. Schindler,
Continued on Page 2
Prime Minister Shamir
Shamir
Says
Contras Won't
Figure In
Reagan Talks
By DAVID LANDAU
JERUSALEM (JTA) -
Prime Minister Yitzhak
Shamir said Monday the
Iran-Contra affair would
not be the focal issue of
talks with the Reagan Ad-
ministration during his up-
coming visit to Washington.
Shamir is to visit the U.S.
capital in mid-February and will
meet with President Reagan and
top administration and Congres-
sional leaders. But he conceded
that he expected the media to
focus on Irangate in their
coverage of his visit to the U.S.
HE SAID the Administration
continued to be engaged in
Mideast peacemaking efforts and
its involvement had not been
sidetracked by the Iran affair.
Shamir deplored the positions of
Continued en Pace t


.

Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, January 30, 1987
A Jewish Covenant
Mixed Marriage Rapped by Rabbis
Continued from Page 1
president of the Union* of
American Hebrew Congregations,
the central body of Reform
Judaism, supports this stance,
asserting: "Intermarriage
represents a potential drain on the
numeric strength of the Jewish
people and on its inner commit-
ment. Whether I like it or not, my
officiation would be seen as a seal
of approval and would therefore
become encouraging of intermar-
riage. If I participate, I give
license to those who say, 'Well,
the rabbis are officiating, why in
heaven's name is there anything
wrong with my intermarrying? "
MOST RABBIS justify their
refusal to officiate at interfaith
weddings by arguing that the
Jewish idea of marriage is that of
a covenant between two Jews.
Rabbi Haskell Bernat of Miami ex-
plains the rabbi's role: "Contrary
to what is often thought, the rabbi
neither confers God's blessings on
the bride and groom nor does the
rabbi 'marry' the couple. As a
m'sader kvddushxn, the rabbi
serves as a witness on behalf of
the Jewish people. Symbolically,
the rabbi is the Jewish people at
the ceremony, and through the
rabbi we enter into the covenant
with the bride and groom."
But some rabbis and many lay
people believe that the normative
rabbinic stance is out of touch
with modern realities. Alfred
Miller of Montreal is among those
who urge rabbis to perform mixed
marriages. He says: "It is impossi-
ble to stress too strongly how bit-
ter the Jew feels when the rabbi
refuses to marry him. He feels he
is being rejected by the Jewish
people, leaving a scar from which
he rarely recovers. If a religious
marriage is refused, it does not
stop the couple from getting mar-
ried it only turns them away
from the synagogue."
Contras Won't
Figure in Talks,
Shamir Says
Continued from Page 1-
certain Arab states which called
for Soviet involvement in a peace
forum on the grounds that
Washington had lost credibility in
the region as a result of the sale of
arms to Iran.
He spoke to reporters after
briefing the Knesset Foreign Af-
fairs and Defense Committees in
Jerusalem.
The Premier told Committee
members earlier that while he
might support posible changes of
tactics, he did not support the no-
tion of territorial concessions in
Judaea and Samaria.
HE WAS responding to queries
about an interview he gave last
week to Reuters news agency in
which he was quoted as indicating
that Israel might, in the course of
a negotiation, move to a position
favoring some territorial
flexibility.
Shamir has been attacked for
this statement by Gush Emunim
and there have been signs of dis-
quiet within his own Likud Party.
Meanwhile, Vice Premier
Shimon Peres is preparing for a
European visit that will take him
to three capitals. He is to meet
with Prime Minister Margaret
Thatcher in London, with Presi-
dent Francois Mitterrand in
Paris, and with the Foreign
Ministers of the European
nomic Community countries
in Brussels. He leaves Israel later
this week.
Dr. Mark Winer, a sociologist,
is senior rabbi of Temple Beth
David in Commode, N.Y., and
director of the Research Task
Force for the Future of Reform
Judaism.
According to Mel Merrians of
Larchmont, N.Y., rabbis should
solemnize mixed marriages "only
if the partners have agreed to
study Judaism seriously, maintain
a Jewish home and rear their
children as Jews." Merrians
criticizes those rabbis who co-
officiate with Christian clergy. "I
don't think you can be married
within two religious traditions,"
he says.
AMONG THE Reform rabbis
who officiate at weddings bet-
ween Jews and non-Jews, most in-
sist that the couple commit
themselves to maintaining a
Jewish home, joining a temple and
rearing the children as Jews.
Some, like Rabbi Harry Danziger
of Memphis, require that the cou-
ple study the same program as
those preparing for conversion.
These rabbis believe that of-
ficiating at an interfaith wedding
brings the couple closer to the
synagogue and to Judaism. Rabbi
Danziger says, "I see them after
the wedding just as often as I see
Jews who marry Jews."
Recent Jewish community
studies indicate that approximate-
ly one in three Jews currently
enters marriage with a partner
who was not born Jewish. Yet,
despite this rise in the frequency
of Jewish intermarriages, fewer
rabbis appear willing to solemnize
mixed marriage ceremonies than
might have done so 15 years ago.
The trend is particularly notable
among rabbinic students. Dr.
Alfred Gottschalk, president of
the Hebrew Union College-Jewish
Institute of Religion, sees the
tendency away from officiation as
"the temper of the times." Unlike
rabbinic students in earlier
generations, most students now
come from Reform homes but in
many respects feel closer to tradi-
tional Judaism.
Congregations that will employ
only those rabbis who officiatesat
mixed marriages are finding
fewer candidates to choose from.
Paul Uhlmann, Jr. of Kansas City,
who supports this kind of litmus
test in the selection of rabbis, feels
that the rabbi's position on this
issue should be a part of his or her
curriculum vitae. Rabbi Kenneth
Segel of Montreal compares a con-
gregation's choice to the selection
of a husband or wife. "If the con-
gregation feels that a rabbi's of-
ficiating at mixed marriages is im-
portant, it's right," he says.
BUT UAHC board chairman
Charles Rothschild Jr. rejects
such a test, and CCAR executive
vice president Joseph Glaser calls
it "self-defeating for congrega-
tions to refuse consideration of a
rabbi who will not perform mixed
marriages. In so doing," he says,
"they eliminate over half of the
members of the CCAR, reducing
the odds of finding the kind of rab-
bi they ought to have as leader,
teacher and pastor. It's unfair not
only to the rabbis, but also to the
congregations."
Rabbi Bernat of Miami declines
to officiate at interfaith weddings
out of ideological conviction. But
he also believes that his converts
have a special claim on him as the
guardian of the boundaries of the
Jewish people. He reasons, "Were
I to officiate, could they not con-
front me with, 'How can you give
to those unwilling to make our
commitment the same benefits
Lavi's Future
Up In The Air
By HUGH ORGEL
TEL AVTV (JTA) A
frototype of the Lavi,
srael's second generation
jet fighter plane, has
undergone two test flights,
but its future remains up in
the air while Israeli defense
experts mull over alter-
natives proposed by U.S.
Deputy Defense Secretary
Dov Zackheim.
Zackheim spent five days in
Israel two weeks ago trying to
convince its political and military
leaders that the Lavi, financed by
U.S. grants, is too costly to pro-
duce. But according to Brig. Gen.
Menahem Eini, head of the Lavi
project at the Defense Ministry,
many of Zackheim's ideas were
less feasible than alternatives
Israel has already rejected.
IN AN INTERVIEW in the
Israel Defense Force weekly,
Bamachane, Eini was quoted as
saying, "We've already thought of
all the possible alternatives. I can
say with certainty that they were
numerous and more realistic than
Zackheim's." While Eini stopped
short of accusing the Pentagon of-
ficial of carelessness, he noted
that "they (the Americans) left
here a document containing
thousands of pages which ought to
be studied' but some proposals
seemed "a bit fantastic."
Zackheim urged the Israelis to
abandon the Lavi in favor of an
already tried and tested aircraft.
Many more test flights of the Lavi
are necessary to prove its
capabilities and several different
prototypes are being produced by
Israel Aircraft Industries to
determine which is best, a lengthy
and costly process.
Zackheim proposed as options
the F-16 manufactured by General
Dynamics, and the F-18, each of
which would be produced under
license in Israel and modified by
the Israelis according to their
needs.
BUT EINI dismissed the F-18
as a very expensive plane. He said
the proposal that Israel buy the
F-16 and equip it with Lavi
avionic and electronics systems
would set the program back three
years.
He explained that the modifica-
tion would require redesigning
thousands of components tailor-
made for the Lavi. "The designer
would have to begin the develop-
ment from scratch" and between
3,000-4,000 people employed on
the Lavi project would lose their
jobs, he said.
Zackheim had argued that, on
the contrary, modification of
American-built planes would en-
sure steady employment for
Israelis in high technology
industries.
Another view of the Lavi was
expressed by Air Force Com-
mander Maj. Gen. Amos Lapidot.
He said after the plane's second
test flight last week that he liked
it, but the Air Force could live
without it if necessary.
During a recent visit to Israel, Sen. Edward Kennedy (D., Mass.)
met with the leadership of the leneral Federation of Labor, the
Histadrut, including Masha Lubelsky, secretary general of
Na'amat Israel, to discuss the impact of Israel's proposed
economic program. Lubelsky pointed out that the proposals would
be detrimental to working women, in effect reducing their net
salaries by nine percent and discouraging them from continuing
to work.
and sacred privileges?
Many thousands of others not
born to Judaism are married to
Jews affiliated with Reform
temples. Although they may not
convert formally to Judaism, they
rear their children as Jews,
observe Jewish holidays at home,
and sometimes become active in
their temples. These "de facto
Jews" have become numerous in
some temples, especially in
smaller Jewish communities The
CCAR's 1983 resolution on
patrilineal descent legitimized the
Jewishness of the children of such
intermarriages in which the
mother is not Jewish, provided
that the children are raised as
Jews.
THE CONNECTION between
the refusal by rabbis to officiate at
interfaith weddings and Reform
Judaism's program of Outreach to
non-Jews is widely misunderstood
as a rejection of couples who in-
tend to intermarry and an accep-
tance of those who have already
done so. But Rabbi Schindler does
not find the two strategies in-
congruous. "Outreach is predicted
on the asssumption that we can
oppose intermarriage without re-
jecting the intermarried," he
says.
"The rabbi who does not choose
to officiate should spend extra
energy striving to convince the
couple that there is no rejection
involved. I invariably spend far
more time counseling the couple
to whom I have to say 'no' than
with the couple whom I will
marry. If possible, I attend their
wedding to demonstrate sym-
bolically my embracing them,
even though I could not myself
officiate."
Lydia Kukoff of Los Angeles,
director of Reform Judaism's
Outreach Commission, sees no
contradiction between refusing to
officiate at interfaith marriages
and programs of Outreach to the
intermarried. Combining these
contrary strategies, she says,
reflects the distinction in Jewish
law between Vchatchila (at the
outset) and b'diavad (once it has
happened). Each of these cir-
cumstances, she notes, tradi-
tionally calls for a different
response.
Rabbi Leslie Gutterman of Pro-
vidence works with interfaith
couples to "help them articulate
their own commitments and
enable them to write their own
service to be officiated at by a
judge. These couples usually come
away feeling that I have helped to
facilitate a meaningful beginning
to their married life. They know I
wish them God's blessings and
that what we have done is honest
and written with an integrity that
the couple can convey to family
and friends, whose support and
encouragement will be important
in nurturing their marriage."
INTERMARRIAGE, which to-
day affects most American Jewish
families, brings into conflict two
fundamental values full in-
tegration into American society
and the preservation of Jewish
distinctiveness. Nothinf
dramatizes this conflict more
sharply than the interfaith wed-
ding. In order to bring more
knowledge to bear on this complex
topic, the newly-formed Research
Task Force for the Future of
Reform Judaism has begun a five-
year investigation into every facet
of Jewish intermarriage, in-
cluding conversion, unaffiliated
mixed marriages, and rabbinic of-
ficiation at interfaith weddings.
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Sherwin H. RoMnateia, Executive
Director
JFWISH FAMILY SERVICE OF BROWARD COUNTY
Jewish Family Service to Provide
Programming for Coral Springs
Beginning on Jan. 27, Jewish Family Service, a major
beneficiary agency of the Jewish Federation/United Jewish
Appeal campaign, will present a series of programs for
singles at Temple Beth Orr, 2151 Riverside Dr., Coral
Springs.
The first program focused on, "Values Clarification."
The second program will be held on Feb. 24 and will discuss
"Self Esteem. The third will address the topic of,
"Creating a Positive Single Life Style," and will be held on
March 24.
For information please contact Barbara Mishkin at
752-5799.
Friends of Jewish
Family Service
Jewish Family Service of
Broward County would like to
publicly thank the 650
"Friends" who responded to
our first Annual Membership
Campaign. We would also like
to extend many thanks to the
Public Relations Committee
for their tireless efforts and
devotion to "Friends of Jewish
Family Service." The commit-
tee was co-chaired by Merle
Orlove and Charlotte Padek,
and ably assisted by Dr. Linda
Benlolo, Mitch Ceasar, Judy
Feldman, Bunny Goldstein,
Dee Hahn, Aaron Harel,
Esther Lerner, Estelle
Lowenstein, Fran Stone and
Flo Straus. And a special
thanks to Pat Rosenstein, a
Sjest of the Public Relations
ommittee, who volunteered
her valuable time and artistic
talent.
The Board of Directors,
under the leadership of Dr.
David Sachs, President, voted
to establish an Annual
Membership Campaign com-
mencing the Fall of 1986;
"Friends of Jewish Family
Service" will fund the expan-
ding and often times "un-
budgeted" community needs
as they develop.
For more information on
how you, too, can become a
"Friend" please call Laurie
Workman at 749-1505 or
966-0956.
Jewish Family Service of
Broward County is a
beneficiary agency of the
Jewish Federation of Greater
Fort Lauderdale, Jewish
Federation of South Broward,
and the United Way of
Broward County.
SOME PEOPLE UVE THEIR
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that's fresh and pure as a spring. Water
without sodium, pollutants, or carbonation
Water with nothing, added, nothing taken
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clean, clear Mountain valley Water from a
natural spring in Hot Springs, Arkansas.
If you're one of those people, try
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BROWARD
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Friday, January 30, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 3
22 'Early Bird'Phonathom Raise $3.2 Million
150 Communities to Dial for
Super Sunday '87 Dollars
NEW YORK, N.Y. Some
150 U.S. communities will par-
ticipate in the United Jewish
Appeal's seventh annual
telephone marathon, Super
Sunday 1987, according to
Michael M. Adler of Miami,
UJA Super Sunday National
Chairman.
Here in South Florida, the
five Jewish Federations in
Dade, Broward and Palm
Beach Counties will hold a
regional "Super Sunday"
Phon-A-Thon, Sunday, March
22, to help raise the urgently
needed funds. The Jewish
Federation of Greater Fort
Lauderdale has set the location
at the Tamarac Jewish Center,
9101 NW 57th St., Tamarac,
where an expected SOO plus
volunteers wUl make the life-
sustaining calls.
The one-day program, in
which thousands of volunteers
will make hundreds of
thousands of phone calls to
American Jewish households^
across the nation, is the single
largest national fund-raising
event on the UJA calendar
involving more volunteers,
reaching more givers and rais-
ing more money than any
other.
The Super Sunday "season"
runs from November through
May. Most participating com-
munities have chosen a
phonathon date between
December and March, depen-
ding on local campaign calen-
dars; more than half will make
their calls on February 1,
1987, which UJA has dubbed
"National Super Sunday."
"In last year's Super Sun-
day, nearly 40,000 volunteers
in 151 U.S. communities
smashed all previous records
by raising almost $40.7
million," said Adler, a UJA
National Vice Chairman. "This
year, we hope to reach more
people and raise more money
in a single day than ever
before a projected $43
million."
Adler noted that, beginning
with Wilkes-Barre, Pa., last
November, 22 "early bird"
communities have already held
their Super Sundays, raising
more than $3.2 million
almost half this figure achiev-
ed by Boston. "I'd like to
thank these early birds, their
givers and volunteers," he
said, "for establishing such a
fast pace so early and pro-
viding the momentum that will
help us reach our goal.
"But we know," he aded,
"that when the people we call
on Super Sunday no matter
when it's scheduled unders-
tand that by their increased
pledges to their UJA/Federa-
tion campaigns they will be
helping to meet Jewish needs
in Israel, around the world and
in their own communities,
they'll respond generously,
and Super Sunday will once
again surpass its goal and
make fund-raising history. Our
Super Sunday slogan says it
all: '... When Your Phone
Line Becomes a Lifeline.' "
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Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, January 30, 1987
Levi Jet-Fighter
May Be Grounded
The Lavi iet-fighter, which has flown so
exquisitely through two test runs, may yet
be grounded. The Lavi is financed by U.S.
production grants. It is also too expensive to
build, according to Reagan Administration
officials, who believe that it would be
cheaper for Israel to purchase F-16 jet-
fighters made in the U.S., or even F-18's,
both to be equipped with Lavi avionic and
electronic systems.
Not so, argues Israel. In the first place,
say Israeli experts, the American estimates,
as repeated last week by Deputy Defense
Secretary Dov Zackheim in five days of
meetings with the Israelis in Tel Aviv, are
based on American production figures.
These figures, they say, would be substan-
tially lower if computed on the basis of
Israeli costs.
More important, in their view, to redesign
thousands of tailor-made Lavi components
for use in the U.S. jet-fighers, as Zackheim
suggested, would be excessively costly even
if the components could, in fact, be redesign-
ed. Indeed, Israel's experts argue that they
cannot. New development of these com-
ponents would have to occur from scratch,
they say.
Essential Issue Avoided
The constant U.S. argument that the Lavi
would be too costly to produce sounds
reasonable enough on its face. But even dis-
counting U.S. arguments, it studiously
avoids a far more essential issue the ge-
nuine American wish to avoid bankrolling
yet another achievement produced by Israeli
aviation designers and high-tech genius.
No clearer example of this can be seen
than in earlier run-ins between the United
States and Israel over the sale of Israeli-
manufactured jet-fighters, even of a far-
lower military and scientific order, to coun-
tries in Latin America and elsewhere. Under
those circumstances, the American denial of
permission for the proposed sales was based
on the fact that the Israeli planes incor-
porated U.S.-produced jet engines.
A Catch-22 exists in Israel's latest Lavi
dilemma because it was precisely for this
reason the right of the United States to
veto Israel's ultimate power over its fighter
force that Israel sought to produce a first-
class combat plane of its own and without
U.S. incumbrances. Nor, clearly, does Israel
have in mind American exceptions based en-
tirely on economics.
Israel's operation in Lebanon produced
U.S. threats to embargo more planes and/or
parts until Israel ceased the operation. In
the 1967 Six-Day War, when Israel's Air
Force was still based heavily on the French
Mirage fighter, France closed down all
shipments to Israel in an embargo that only
recently began to show signs of letting up.
What all this amounted to was political
blackmail rather than economic
consideration.
Freedom from Encumbrances
In the end, Israeli experts see the Lavi as
an instrument designed to free their country
from the vagaries of shifting Middle East
foreign policies aimed against Israel,
whether these policies are formulated in
Washington or London or anywhere else.
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No doubt, the economic issue also weighs
as a factor, but in different terms. Should
the Lavi be grounded, it is estimated that
somewhere between 3,000 and 4,000
workers employed on the project would lose
their jobs.
Who, in the end, is likely to win the argu-
ment? Air Force Commander Maj. Gen.
Amos Lapidot has said that he likes the per-
formance of the Lavi in its initial test runs,
but that the Air Force could live without it
were it necessary. This may well mean that,
already, the handwriting is on the wall.
'We Shall Overcome'
The official national celebration of Martin
Luther King Jr.'s birthday was
in stark contrast to the realities of the status
of American civil rights today. In the past
few weeks, there have been reports of racial
incidents that strike at the very heart of Dr.
King's "I have a dream" address which he
delivered shortly before his assassination
and which was the very essence of his vision
of freedom for all Americans.
Some of these incidents included five
white cadets at the Citadel, the four-year
military college in Charleston, S.C., who car-
ried a burning paper cross into the barracks
of a black cadet and taunted him. The cadet
subsequently resigned from the Citadel, but
the Klansmen-like cadets were merely
penalized, not expelled.
Then, there is the case of Philadelphia,
where blacks buying homes in so-called
white areas have watched their dwellings
put to the torch. And in Boston, where a
black U.S. seaman was beaten severely dur-
ing shore leave.
Not to mention the eruption in the
Howard Beach section of Queens, N.Y.,
where white teenagers accosted three black
men walking on "their turf' with baseball
bats and a tree limb, and one block man, 23,
was killed by an auto as he fled onto a
parkway and what he believed would be his
get-away from the confrontation.
What would Dr. King say about any of this
if he could speak today? Or about the
reference to New York Mayor Ed Koch by
Mayor W.W. Goddbold of Brookhaven,
Miss., as "that Jew bastard"?
Thinking in Dr. King's terms, one can only
declare: "We shall overcome." But none of
this becomes the spirit of his birthday which
the nation was happy enough to stay home
Monday in celebration of.
Bishops' Conference
Issues Guide for Catholic-Jewish Dialogue
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Friday, January 30,1987
Volume 17
29TEVETH5747
Number 4
By ROCHELLE SAIDEL
New York
The National Bishops' Con-
ference of Brazil has issued
a 187-page "Guide for a
Catholic-Jewish Dialogue in
Brazil," according to Rabbi
Henry Sobel, coordinator of
the National Commission
for Catholic-Jewish
Dialogue sponsored by the
Bishop's Conference there. -
Sobel, who heads the commis-
sion of five Jewish and five
Catholic leaders, is rabbi at Con-
gregacao Israelite Pauliste in Sao
Paulo, the largest synagogue in
Latin America.
The guide was prepared by the
commission and distributed last
month to Brazil's 229 Catholic ar-
chdioceses and dioceses by the Na-
tional Bishops' Conference, and it
covers such subjects as Israel,
Jewish history, the Holocaust,
roots of anti-Semitism, Judaism in
Brazil, and interfaith cooperation,
Sobel said during his visit to New
York last week to speak to the
American Jewish Committee.
BRAZIL HAS the largest
Catholic population in the world,
some 117 million, and the Jewish
population is only about 150,000.
"The mere fact that the Catholic
Church reaches out to the small
Jewish minority reflects
theological and political sensitivi-
ty, commitment and vision,"
Sobel said.
Most significant is the fact that
the book acknowledges the
legitimate existence of the State
of Israel within secure boun-
daries, Sobel said. He emphasized,
however, that the Bishops' Con-
ference does not have within its
powers the ability to recognize or
not recognize Israel. "This can on-
ly come from the Vatican," Sobel
said. "But the mere fact that the
Brazilian Bishops speak of 'the
right of the Jews to a peaceful
political existence in their land of
origin' reflects tremendous
sensitivity."
The introduction to the guide
says its objective is "helping
Catholics in Brazil to understand
better the historical, religious and
national aspirations of the Jewish
people."
Written in simple language, the
guide is designed to stimulate
discussion on Judaism in the
Catholic churches and schools in
Brazil. Suggested questions in-
clude: Does anyone know a Jew?
Are there prejudices in this socie-
ty? To what extent is the figure of
Judas used to strengthen pre-
judices against Jews? The manual
points out the sources of tradi-
tional and continuing distruct bet-
ween Catholics and Jews.
THE BISHOPS' Conference is
known for its political activism for
social justice in Brazil. In addition,
"they are ecumenical in spirit and
action and deeply committed to
dialogue with the Jewish com-
munity," according to Sobel.
In November, 1985, in com-
memoration of the 20th anniver-
sary of Nostra Aetate, the first
Pan-American Conference on
Catholic-Jewish Relations was
held in Sao Paulo, under the spon-
sorship of the Brazilian Bishops'
Conference. Seven resolutions
were adopted, including one that
stated "Zionism is not racism," to
mark the 10th anniversary of the
United Nations General Assembly
adoption of the infamous Zionism
is racism resolution.
In his remarks to the AJCom-
mittee, Sobel said that the major
problem confronting Jews in
Brazil was not anti-Semitism but
Semitism the preservation of
Jewish identity.
"If we are mesmerized by anti-
Semitism," Sobel stated, "we
divert our energy from many
more urgent problems on our
agenda: Jewish identity, Jewish
education, Jewish values, Jewish
**"* we are so concerned with
the idea that we may some day be
denied the right to be Jews, that
we neglect our duty to remain
Jews.
"OUR MOST urgent teak in
Brazil today is not only to combat
possible anti-Semitic trends.
Brazilians are among a most
tolerant people, and consequently,
anti-Semitism is not a major
threat. The prominent task is to
motivate Jews to remain Jews."
Sobel emphasized that he was
not discounting difficulties facing
Jews in Brazil. He noted that:
Brazil is leaning more on oil-
producing countries to cope with
a mounting international debt of
$120 billion; pro-PLO groups have
used the Israeli operation in
Lebanon as a excuse to itensify
their public demonstrations; the
Methodist University of
Piracicaba recently joined with
the PLO in seminars on the
"Zionist threat"; and Brazil, as a
major arms manufacturer, has
sensitive relations with Saudi
Arabia, Iraq, and other anti-Israel
Arab nations.
Present-day uncertainties affec-
ting Brazil's Jews, Sobel told the
AJCommittee, center largely on
their former tendency to keep
their distance from social justice
movements. Unitl recently, he
stated, because of the rightwing
government, any movement for
human rights was automatically
interpreted as a leftist movement
against the government.
BUT NOW, he pointed out,
Brazil is on the way to becoming
one of hte world's largest
democracies. Moreover, he said,
the Roman Catholic Church in
Latin America has been opposing
the "conservative power struc-
ture" and Jews are less inclined to
avoid association with human
rights causes.
As a result, Sobel asserted, the
ethical values of Judaism have
more space to express themselves
and more of an opportunity to af-
fect the lives of Jews. "The pro-
blem Jews face," he said, "is how
Continued on Page 9



Friday, January 30, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 5
Can Modern Science
And Its Practitioners
Be Reconciled Today?
By ARTHUR J. MAGIDA
Copyright Baltimore Jewish Time*
All Publication Right* Retervtd
Something deeply hidden had
to be behind things.
God is very subtle, but He is not
malicious.
Albert Einstein
Fifteen years ago, Eli
Schmell was beginning
research for his doctorate at
Johns Hopking. His major
was in biochemistry. His
thesis was about fertiliza-
tion. One day at the univer-
sity laboratory, Schmell
peered through a
microscope as there was a
sudden flurry of cells
dividing.
He called over his adviser, a
thin, ascetic, slightly Germanic
man. He took a quick glance
through the microscope lens and
stated, with an evenhanded,
clinical thoroughness,, 11'Umm,
there's a lot of biochemistry going
on in there."
SCHMELL, intrigued by the
phenomenon, if not by his ad-
viser's reaction, again looked
through the lens. The apparently
unstoppable division of the cells
seemed even more determined
than before. Under his breath,
Schmell whispered in Hebrew a
verse from Psalms:
How great are Thy works, 0
Lord! Thy thoughts are very deep!
Schmell is the son of very tradi-
tional Orthodox Jews. He had at-
tended rabbinical college in New
York until he realized that he
would make a better scientist than
a rabbi. Schmell may have aban-
doned his formal training in the
rabbinate, but he had not aban-
doned his sense of the divine.
To Schmell, the cells' division
transcended the mechanics of
biology. What he was witnessing,
he felt, could have only been in-
spired by a "force" that did not
ordinarily enter into the equations
and hypotheses and laws of pure
science.
SCHMELL SUSPECTED that
his adviser, a dedicated man of
science, was confused and maybe
a bit put off by his Hebraic salute
to his Creator and, especially,
his lack of an equivalent salute to
biochemistry. After all, this was a
laboratory dedicated to science. It
was not a synagogue. For
Schmell's own good, it was best to
keep his religion distinct from his
science for two crucial reasons.
l)To keep his scientific in-
vestigations pure and
unadulterated.
2) To get through his graduate
program.
At least since Copernicus was
ridiculed in the 1500's for propos-
ing a heliocentric universe and
Galileo was tried for heresy for
similar ideas in the 1600s, the
popular mind has assumed that
science and religion are forever at
loggerheads, constantly jockeying
for supremacy in a world that
precludes peaceful co-existence.
Religion, laymen often think,
seeks to raise man's gaze to the
stars and beyond. It attempts
to invoke awe and humility before
whatever force gave the cosmos
life and meaning.
But science, in the frequent
view of the public, is content to
stop at the stars, to analyze their
gases, their patterns, their mo-
tions across the black unknowns
of space. It proceeds carefully and
deliberately from hypothesis to
proof, from a not-so-wild hunch to
what scientists hope will be ir-
refutable evidence. It may seem
Biologist
Michael Edidin
cold and logical, maybe even
impregnable.
Yet the two disciplines are not
that discrete despite Eli
Schmell's experience with his doc-
toral adviser in the Hopkins
University biochemistry lab. They
are both searching for knowledge
about our world, both grappling to
comprehend a mysterious, often
mind-boggling universe. Science's
emphasis is on the depth of reali-
ty; religion's is on its meaning.
TO A JEW, science cannot be
easily shunted aside as if it were a
nasty inconvenience. As the
Jewish philosopher, Hillel, said
2,000 years ago, "The ignorant
man cannot be pious." By turning
his back on knowledge, man also
turns his back on wisdom, on the
ways of the world, on the ways of
God.
Science and religion are also not
at irreconcilable loggerheads for
the simple sake of the scientist. If
science were pure reason and
religion pure intuition, scientists
would be two-dimensional and
schizoid, content with severing
their intellectual life from their
spiritual life from 9 to 5 and their
spiritual life from their intellec-
tual at sundown each Friday.
Few scientists are willing to
tolerate such splits in their lives.
Albert Einstein, for instance, that
almost mythical embodiment of
the 20th Century scientist, was
virtually a mystic. He wrote about
"the harmony of natural law,
which reveals an intelligence of
such superiority" that human
thinking is "utterly insignificant"
by comparison.
EINSTEIN'S FAITH in this
order came from religion, which
inspired an "aspiration toward
truth and understanding."
"I cannot conceive of a genuine
scientist without that profound
faith .," Einstein wrote, "I
maintain that the cosmic religious
feeling is the strongest and
noblest motive for scientific
research."
The public's belief that conflicts
rage between science and religion,
said Dr. Julian Jakobovits of
Baltimore's Sinai Hospital, "has
more to do with perceptions of
what the two fields do than what
they actually do."
"Science and religion are ac-
tually very complementary," said
Jakobivits, whose father, the chief
rabbi of the British Com-
monwealth, has written widely on
science and religion. "These two
piece together different aspects of
a giant jig-saw puzzle. I don't
know anyone with a scientific
education who has been torn bet-
ween the two areas.
IN FACT? there is nothing
about science that would inherent-
ly pull someone away from
religion. Just the opposite. One
cannot but be dumbfounded by the
Creation and how everything fits
in so perfectly even down to the
smallest molecule. Realizing that
a masterful architect must have
designed all this is a religious
exercise."
Rabbi Ephraim Buchwald of
New York's Lincoln Square
Synagogue agreed that little
strife marks science and religion.
The two disciplines, he noted, may
even have more similarities than
one might expect.
"Scientific reasoning is close to
Talmudic reasoning," he said.
"Both are based on carefully
made observations. Both seek
proof."
While these respective "proofs"
may differ, Buchwald noted, they
do not disagree on the essential
phenomena or on its previously
unsuspected order.
"SCIENCE PREVIOUSLY
said that molecules have random
movement," said Buchwald, "but
it could not account for that move-
ment. Now, we see that there is a
pattern to molecular movement.
Genesis (the first book of the bi-
ble) may indicate that the world is
about 5,700 years old, but its
description of the sequence of
Creation from the simplest to
the most complex does not dif-
fer with the pattern of evolution.
Science also admits that it has no
explanation for the origin of the
Big Bang (the cosmic explosion
that may have created the
universe). They call it a 'force.'
We call it 'God.'
Quantum mechanics, the para-
mount theory of current physics,
postulates that arbitrary,
capricious energy pure chance
rules the world. It suggests that
the world is ultimately
unknowable and unpredictable.
An atom's location or its speed,
for instance, can be determined
but not both. Electrons and other
particles pop about at random,
without rhyme or reason.
Continued on Page 6-
Computers
Can They Be Counted in 'Minyan?'
Biochemist
Eli Schmell
As computers' power and "intelligence"
have increased, there has been occasional
speculation about whether they may be
counted in a minyan. This is a debate that has
persisted, in one form or another, since at
least the story of the golem the robot
created by kabbalistic rites in the 16th
century.
Perhaps a bit puckishly, Azriel Rosenfeld,
an Orthodox rabbi who is also a professor of
computer science at the University of
Maryland, is inclined to include highly in-
telligent robots in minyans. Rosen/eld's
criteria for minyan membership rests on
whether a prospective member has a soul.
"If it's intelligent," he said, "it has a soul."
Rosenfeld would determine whether ar-
tificial intelligence equaled human in-
tellligence by submitting a computer to "Tur-
ing's Test," a crude gauge of intellect devised
by a pioneering cyberneticist in 1950. Under
"Turing's Test," an interrogator would con-
verse by teletype with a computer which con-
ducts its end of the conversation, to the best
of its ability, as if it was a human. If the inter-
rogator cannot detect the deception, the com-
puter is "intelligent."
Nonsense, said Avram Goldfinger. "Jews
are chosen for certain tasks," said this Or-
thodox computer scientist at the Johns
Hopkins University Applied Physics
Laboratory. "We have different obligations
than robots."
"And anyway," added Goldfinger, "I don't
know what intelligence is."
A.J.M.


Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, January 30,1987
Miracles Explained
Orthodox Scientists Still Struggling
Continued from Page S
IN "God and the New Physics,"
Paul Da vies wrote that "the rules
of clockwork might apply to
familiar objects such as snooker
balls, but when it comes to atoms,
the rules are those of roulette."
Despite the wide currency that
quantum mechanics has in the
scientific community, a minority
has always disputed the theory.
Einstein, one of its chief critics,
said, "I shall never believe that
God plays dice with the world."
Avram Goldfinger, an Orthodox
Jewish physicist in Baltimore,
suggested that quantum
mechanic's assumption of the ran-
domness of the universe "only in-
dicates our inability to predict the
universe. It stresses our limita-
tions, not God's."
Goldfinger, who works in com-
puter science at the Johns
Hopkins University Applied
Physics Laboratory, said quantum
mechanics cannot "fully explain"
the universe because it is "an in-
complete system. According to
the standard interpretation of
quantum mechanics, the
'Copenhagen School of Thought,'
there is a 'classical observer' a
person or an intelligence that
observes the physical system. This
observer is not subject to the laws
of quantum mechanics."
"THE THEORY implies," said
Goldfinger, "that there are beings
who are different from the rest of
the physical world. They cannot
be described by the laws of
physics. They are different from
the rest of the world because they
have intelligence or a soul."
"The more I learn about the
structure of the universe," said
Goldfinger, "the more I see the
presence of a Creator. Everything
proceeds from simple systems and
simple concepts. In molecular
biology, for instance, RNA and
DNA's control of the pattern of all
life indicates that simple prin-
ciples yield unbelievable complexi-
ty and richness."
"And in physics, a few basic
laws try to explain the entire
structure of the universe. These
seem to be getting fewer and
fewer. For a long time, it seemed
that the universe could be reduced
to four forces the gravitational
force, the electromagnetic force
and, at the subatomic level, the
'strong' force and the 'weak'
force. (The former holds together
an atom's nuclei; the latter causes
certain types of decay.) But
recently, it has begun to appear
that the electromagnetic and
'weak' forces are both examples
of a particular underlying force
Physicist
Avram Goldfinger
that is sometimes called the
'electro-weak force.' "
"TO ME," said Goldfinger, "all
the great advances of science find
simpler and simpler explanations
of the universe. This fits in with
the Jewish concept of how the
world is constituted. When we
say, 'God is one,' we are making a
statement of immense simplicty,
one that is much too simple for us
to understand."
This sense that there is an
underlying order to the universe
may also contradict the Darwinian
view that the long train of evolu-
tionary adaptation was accidental.
But no conflict was perceived by
Avram Nelkin, an Orthodox
molecular biologist at the Johns
Hopkins Oncology Center and a
believer in the bible's literal ac-
count of creation.
"The mechanism of evolution
exists," said Nelkin. "From the
time of Creation on, organisms
have changed due to selective ad-
vantage. This may be shown in
test tubes with bacteria. Or it can
be shown with cancer cells:
Cancer develops becuase it has an
advantage over other, less healthy
cells."
NELKIN ALSO dismissed the
Darwinian idea that homo sapiens
descended from apes. "Phylogen
(lines of descent) indicates that
the genes of apes and man are
close," he said. "Whether we
evolved from apes doesn't even
enter into the debate."
Other aspects of classical Dar-
winian theory are also disputed by
Nelkin and other Orthodox scien-
tists. As Darwin and his followers
extrapolated backwards over
time, say the dissenters, they
assumed that contemporary laws
of nature were constant.
But Paul Dirac, a Russian
Jewish physicist who taught at
Cambridge University, believed
that the laws of physics and,
especially, the force of gravity
change over millenia. "If Dirac is
correct," said physicist Avram
Goldfinger, "then all bets are off.
If the laws of nature change, then
we can not extrapolate past
them."
EVOLUTION OFTEN has the
aura of scientific orthodoxy for
the layman. Frequently forgotten
is science's inability to take evolu-
tion beyond the status of a theory,
to move it beyond hunches and
guesses that will forever be only
partially supported by evidence.
"Evolution can be neither pro-
ven or disproven," said Simeon
Sticky Point
Can Science, Religion Be Reconciled?
Presumably, miracles are a sticky point for
scientists. Miracles defy the very physical
laws that give the universe a certain logic, a
reassuring law and order upon which the
scientist relies.
Medieval Jewish philosophers, who believed
in a rational explanation of the universe,
devised elaborate natural reasons for
miracles. The Red Sea divided because an
east wind arose, the tides were right and
the fleeing Jews' timing was impeccable. The
burning bush was only a play of the desert
light upon certain crystals on the bush's
leaves. The sun did not stand still during the
Battle of Gibeon. It just seemed that way
because the battle was over so quickiy.
Orthodox scientists of today are still strug-
gling with miracles. To some, such as
physicist Avram Goldfinger and geneticist
Avram Nelkin miracles do not conflict with
science because they are outside the laws of
nature. By abrogating the natural principles
postulated by science, miracles are also
beyond them.
To biochemist Eli Schmell, "miracles occur
via the laws of nature. God plays by the rules
that he has set up. It would be very unsettling
if we have a God who keeps changing the
rules."
And according to gastroenterologist Julian
Jakobovits, "Certain laws were laid down in
God's blueprint at the time of Creation. These
included miracles that would not occur for
millenia. At the time that each occurred,
there was probably a scientific explanation
for them. But more important was the moral
lesson that we can learn from each."
Krumbein, a physical chemist in
Baltimore. "Orthodox biologists I
know admit that they use the
language of evolution in their pro-
fessional life. But they use it as a
model. Many people, unfortunate-
ly, end up mistaking their model
for reality."
Whether the Bible's account of
Creation meshes with the scien-
tific account is moot to most Con-
servative and Reform scientists.
To them, Genesis' purpose is more
existential than historical.
"IT OFFERS a philosophical
answer to a question that troubled
Israelites at a particular phase,"
said Baltimore Hebrew College
archeologist Barry Gitlin, a Con-
servative Jew. "The question was,
'What am I doing here?* The
answer of the sages in Genesis
was that man was the steward of
God's creation, that the universe
was an orderly place and that man
has an orderly place in it."
"I see the Bible as a record of
the aspirations, traditions and no-
tions of our ancestors during their
very early history," said Gitlin.
"It is a subjective record of God's
great actions on behalf of the
Jews as they saw them
together with the laws that bound
Jewish society. At the heart of it
all is the promise of the Jews to
act in a certain way toward
humanity and toward God."
Perhaps the most glaring con-
tradiction between strict Or-
thodox scientists and much of
science is the time required for the
laborious process of creation.
About 500 million years are said
to have elapsed between the
Paleozoic Era and the present.
THE PREHISTORIC era that
preceded the Paleozoic time has
been calculated at between 1.5
billion to 2.5 billion years. In the
"big bang" theory of the universe,
100,000 years were required for
the cosmic gases from the birth of
the universe to cool just to the
type of temperatures now found
on the sun's surface. These ideas
are clearly rejected by strict Or-
thodox Jews who believe that God
created the world in seven days
5,746 years ago.
Some Orthodox counter that the
date of the Creation is an oblique
reference to the origins of civiliza-
tion. Some use Kabbalistic inter-
pretations to suggest that
previous worlds existed before the
one whose creation is cited in the
Bible. Others, such as Julian
Jakobovits and Avram Nelkin, say
that Creation did occur about
5,700 years ago, but God made his
works appear to be much older.
This divine deception, said
Jakobovits, was intended to in-
sure that man had free will.
"IF I COULD convince you in a
scientific way," he said, "that God
had created the world, there
would be no choice. In His
wisdom, He covered his tracks. If
He had created the world in a pro-
vable way, we would all have no
choice but to be angels. And that
would eliminate free will."
Jakobovits admitted that the
Book of Genesis is "internally in-
consistent." "Light," for in-
stance, is mentioned on the First
and Second Days of Creation, yet
the sun, presumably the source of
this light, is not created until the
Third Day. Also, three days elapse
until the creation of the sun, the
celestial body which "makes"
days.
"To some extent, Genesis is a
metaphor," said Jakobovits. "It is
not an accurate, historical descrip-
tion of these events. But what has
gone wrong is that people believe
that science is historically ac-
curate and that the Bible claims to
be literal and accurate. Science is
only a body of knowledge as
perceived by available technology.
It examines evidence and makes
certain suppositions."
"Religion, on the other hand,
does not pretend to be a body of
fact," said Jakobovits. "It directs
people to where they should be. It
gives us a certain goal a moral
goal. It sensitizes us above mere
physical occurrences.
"FOR INSTANCE, we
recognize that there is a physical
reason for a rainbow, but we also
look for a more spiritual reason
for its existence. Likewise, I am
bothered by those who say that
the laws of kaskruth are for
reasons of health or by those who
observe shabbat because they
need to be regenerated. This type
of thinking is too limiting, too
mechanistic."
"The tools of scientific in-
vestigation are limited," agreed
Hebert Goldstein, professor of
nuclear science and engineering
at Columbia University. "Only
certain logical, empirical methods
are allowed. This excludes a whole
realm of other possibilities."
Continued on Page 12-
Molecular biologist
Avram Nelkin


Friday, January 30, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 7
Mm and Louis Rifkin
Israel Bonds To Honor
Mae and Louis Rifkin...
For the quality of their leader-
ship and commitment exhibited
over the years in Jewish and com-
munal life, Mae and Louis Rifkin
will be honored and presented
with the prestigious Israel Bonds
Tower of David Award at LaMer's
Salute to Israel Brunch. The event
will take place in the Social Hall at
1904 S. Ocean Drive. Hallandale
Sunday, Feb. 15 at 11 a.m. Special
guest, Emil Cohen, well known
American-Jewish Folk Humorist
will entertain and spark the
festivities. The event is sponsored
by LaMer's B'nai B'rith Lodge
No. 3014. Sydney L. Jacobs is
Chairman and Ben Schwab, Co-
Chairman. RSVP is requested no
later than Feb. 5.
William J. and Hilda Stern
.. .Also Hilda and William J. Stern
For their care, concern and in-
volvement in the community,
Hilda and William J. Stern will be
Honorees at the Sea Air Towers
Night for Israel Sunday evening,
Feb. 8,8 p.m., in the Social Hall at
3275 S. Ocean Drive, Hollywood.
They will be presented with the
coveted State of Israel Bonds
Scroll of Honor. Featured speaker
will be Hy Kalus, Motion Picture
and Stage Producer-Director. The
event is sponsored by the Sea Air
Towers Israel Bonds Committee.
Chairmen are Julius Jacobs,
Abraham Mallet and Ben
Rabinowitz. Refreshments will be
served, and everyone is welcome.
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New Plan
Aims At 'Permanent' Solution
By YITZHAK RABI
UNITED NATIONS -
(JTA) Israel has offered
the Security Council a new
plan aimed at reaching "a
permanent solution" to the
unstable situation in south
Lebanon.
The Israeli plan calls for "an im-
mediate and total ceasefire in the
entire area of South Lebanon for a
period of at least six months,"
Yohanan Bein, Israel's Acting
Ambassador to the UN, declared.
Bein introduced the Israeli plan
Thursday night (Jan. 15) after the
15-member Council unanimously
approved the extension of the
mandate of the United Nations In-
terim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL)
for another six months.
THE ISRAELI delegate told
the Council that once the ceasefire
is established in south Lebanon,
"It will then be possible to
negotiate the territorial and
obligational aspects of a perma-
nent solution. These principles
should in Israel's view constitute
an accepted framework for a
dialogue on lines similar to those
envisaged in Security Council
Resolutions 242 and 338."
Bein stressed that Israel does
not consider the security zone it
established in 1984 in south
Lebanon to be permanent.
Moreover, he said, Israel is wor-
ried that the current stalemate is
harmful to all parties concerned.
Israel, therefore, is interested in
reaching a permanent solution for
the security of its northern
border, Bein said, adding: "For
this purpose, Israel is willing to
negotiate and cooperate with the
Government of Lebanon or any
other credible partner in that
country that genuinely seeks and
can ensure peace in Lebanon."
THE AMBASSADOR praised
the contribution of UNIFIL in
maintaining stability in the area.
He rejected, however, the charge
made last week by UN Secretary
General Javier Perez de Cuellar
that Israel was the major cause of
the deteriorating security situa-
tion in south Lebanon.
Israeli diplomats said Friday
that they had not received any
response to their new initiative.
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Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, January 30, 1987
Israel's Economic Outlook for 1987
By ELMER WINTER
Chairman, Committee for
Economic Growth of Israel
NEW YORK (JTA) -
What is Israel's economic
outlook for 1987?
Barring unforeseen events,
some encouraging growth can
be expected during the year
ahead, although problems will
remain. Much will depend on
the success of gaining ap-
&roval of the Finance
inistrv's new economic plan,
which has been under heavy
fire from labor, the business
community and Cabinet
Ministers ranging from
Defense Minister Yitzhak
Rabin (Labor) to Housing
Minister David Levy (Likud-
Herat).
The plan was formulated by
Finance Minister Moshe
Nissim and Michael Bruno, the
Governor of the Bank of
Israel. The embattled plan is
undergoing scrutiny by two ad
hoc ministerial committees.
The extent of the opposition
to the plan, which requires
c mtinued sacrifices from
trade unions, manufacturers
and government ministries,
underscores one fundamental
fact: despite Israel's spec-
tacular progress in beating
back inflation and its success
in maintaining currency
market, the people of Israel
must tighten their belts still
further if the nation is to make
further progress on the road to
economic independence.
The gains made in the past
year offer solid reason to voice
confidence in Israel's economic
future. Inflation plunged from
285 percent in 1985 to 18 per-
cent in 1986. Exports rose, the
government budget was cut
and unemployment remained
stable at seven percent the
same rate as in the United
States.
Especially significant: there
were few strikes in either the
public or private sector last
year. At the same time, the na-
tion's foreign currency
reserves rose by $1 billion (to
$4 billion), their highest level
since 1983.
From Stability To Growth
In 1987 Israel is likely to
move from stability to growth.
Here is my forecast:
Despite the hardships re-
quired, the new economic plan
will be adopted, with some
revisions, by the government.
The proposal would ease
foreign currency restrictions
and calls for an overhaul of the
country's capital market and
for tax reductions. There
would also be further cuts in
government spending, wages
would remain at present levels
and there would be no devalua-
tion of the currency.
The rate of inflation in
1987 will be in the 9 to 12 per-
cent range.
Unemployment will re-
main at about 7 percent.
Israel's worldwide exports
will rise 7 to 10 percent over
the 1986 figure, helped in part
by increases in black Africa
Cameroon, Ivory Coast,
Liberia, Nigeria, Togo and
Zaire. These and other African
countries are expected to open
their markets to Israeli pro-
ducts. New export oppor-
tunities may also develop in
the People's Republic of China
and Japan.
Export to the U.S. will
keep climbing. In 1985, Israel
for the first time exported
more goods and services to the
U.S. than it imported. While
end-of-the-year figures are not
yet available, the first half of
1986 showed the balance of
trade even more favorable to
Israel than in 1985.
Foreign investments will
expand as a result of the Free
Trade Agreement between the
U.S. and Israel.
Washington will provide
some $3 billion in economic aid
to Israel. On the other hand, it
is unlikely that Israel will
receive the $1.5 billion in
emergency grants that the
United States made in 1985
and 1986.
Israel will start receiving
additional orders from the
U.S. for research in the
Strategic Defense Initiative
("Star Wars") program.
Agreements for the first $10
million in research by Israel
have already been signed by
the two governments.
More Israeli firms will
come to Wall Street for financ-
ing. Over the last 18 months,
Israeli companies raised about
$200 million through public
stock offerings and the is-
suance of debentures.
Israel's trade balance will
get a boost from the fact that
prices on imports from Europe
will drop in 1987 in accordance
with regulations of the Euro-
pean Economic Community, of
which Israel is an associate
member. The same will apply
to imports from the U.S. under
the terms of the Free Trade
agreement. These savings will
be passed on to Israeli con-
sumers by the government,
rather than increase the pur-
chase tax on foreign goods.
Jerusalem will mount a
major drive to persuade
American Jewish organiza-
tions to bring their members
to Israel to celebrate the 40th
anniversary of the Jewish
State and the 20th anniversary
of the unification of Jerusalem.
This drive is expected to in-
crease U.S. tourism to Israel
a major source of revenue
that fell drastically in 1986 -
as early as next month.
More American consumers
will be buying Israeli-made
products in a widening net-
work of retail outlets
throughout the U.S.
Israel will benefit
significantly from the recent
approval by President Reagan
of a plan to reduce the interest
rate Israel pays on outstan-
ding military loans from the
U.S. (Egypt is another
beneficiary of this plan.) Over
the next four years, Israel will
save more than $1 billion in in-
terest on outstanding loans
from the U.S. of some $5.5
billion.
A Down Side Item
About the only item on the
down side is that Israel's pro-
gram to sell government-
owned companies to private
entrepreneurs is likely to make
only minimal progress in 1987
unanimous in urging that the
government rid itself of the
burden of operating so many
industrial and other enter-
prises that would be far better
off in private hands.
All in all, however, 1987
should be a good year for
Israel's economy. This outlook
could of course be adversely af-
fected by political upheaval in
Israel, military attack against
the country or harmful new
findings in the Iran-Contra af-
fair. Otherwise, Israel's
economy can be expected to
grow moderately stronger in
the year ahead.
Defense Ministry Says 'No'
JERUSALEM (JTA) The Defense Ministry has
refused to allow two prominent Palestinians to attend an
international symposium on the Middle East at the Univer-
sity of San Diego in southern California next week. The ban
apparently does not apply to three other Palestinians in-
vited to the symposium.
The two denied permission to leave are Mustapha Abd
A-Nabi Natshe, the former Mayor of Hebron, and Fayez
Abu-Rahme, a lawyer from Gaza. Security sources said
there was concern they would use the occasion to meet with
hostile elements but did not elaborate.
NATSHE AND ABU-RAHME were to have been part
of a large Israeli delegation. The invitees include Abba
Eban, chairman of the Knesset's Foreign Affairs and
Security Committee; Knesset members, David Libai and
Shulamit Aloni; Prof. Shimon Shamir, a leading expert on
Middle East affairs; Hanna Seniora, editor of the East
Jerusalem Arabic daily EUFajer; Hatem Abu-Ghazale, a
Palestinian educator from Gaza; and Dr. Sari Nusseibeh of
Bir Zeit University in the West Bank.
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Italy And Israel Sign
Tourism Agreement
By LISA BILLIG
ROME (JTA) Italy and
Israel signed an agreement
here last week for the joint
promotion of tourism between
the two countries and to each
of them from North America
and other areas of the world.
Both countries have suffered a
slump in tourism over the past
year.
The agreement, signed by
Israel's Minister of Tourism
Avraham Sharir and his
Italian counterpart, Nicola
Capria, contains a strong con-
demnation of terrorism. Ter-
rorist acts in the Mediterra-
nean area, particularly the hi-
jacking of the Italian cruise
ship Achille Lauro in 1985, is
considered responsible in large
measure for the lag in tourist
traffic.
The agreement provides for
the tourism ministries of both
countries to create vacation
packages that include stop-
overs in Rome and Jerusalem.
The ministries will try to ar-
range direct flights between
Milan and Tel Aviv by Alitalia
and El Al, the national air lines
of Italy and Israel, respective-
ly. Sharir signed a similar
agreement recently with
Greece.
"Israel Weeks" will be in-
augurated for Italian tourists
and "Italy Weeks" for Israelis.
Both countries will promote
health cures based on the
many thermal spas in Italy and
the curative properties of the
high saline waters of the Dead
Sea and the hot springs at
Tiberias.
Because more Israelis visit
Italy than Italians visit Israel,
a special inducement for the
latter will be the establishment
of a duty-free zone at Israel's
Red Sea resort of Eilat.
Jews Urged
To Shun
Non-Kosher
SYDNEY, Australia (JTA) -
The head of the Beth Din (rabbinic
court) here has urged Orthodox
Jews to avoid non-kosher func-
tions to protect their own and
Judaism's dignity.
Rabbi Dr. Y. Kemelman said
that to attend a non-kosher func-
tion, sit in a corner and eat from
"a second or third-rate menu ...
looks to me as the adoption of a
ghetto status."
Moreover, the rabbi said an
Orhtodox Jew's attendance at a
public non-kosher function is to be
interpreted as a sanction, the
Australian Jewish Times reoorts.
We invite you to join us
celebrate the glorious
Holiday of Liberation:
PASSOVER
Monday April 13
Tuesday April 21
We proudly offer
Cantor
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assisted by the Nadel Choir
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Dr. Chaim Israel Etrog
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and conduct seminars during the holiday.
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The observance of
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of the Sedarim, the
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the brilliance of the Holi-
day Programming.
Cantor Herman
Mala mood, assisted by
the Concord 45-voice
Symphonic Chorale, di-
rected by Matthew Lozar
and Don Vbgel, to of-
ficiate at the Services
and Sedarim.
Outstanding leaders
from Government, Press,
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Great films. Music day
and night on weekdays.
Speciorprograms for tots,
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.

Friday, January 30, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 9
Gold Coast
, Council
BBYO
U.S. Sen. Edward Kennedy is greeted by
children at Yad Kennedy, the John F. Ken-
nedy memorial near Jerusalem. Left, is his
sister, Jean Smith, who accompanied him on
his four-day visit to Israel.
The Florida Region of the
B'nai B'rith Youth Organiza-
tion recently held its Annual
State-Wide Convention, Dec.
22-26 at the Lake Yale Baptist
Assembly in Eustice, Florida.
Coordinated by Marc Blattner
of Orlando and Alyse Horowitz
of Miami, the Convention at-
tracted 155 Jewish teenagers.
Incorporated into each of the
many programs was the
theme, "All For One and One
For All," which focused on
Soviet Jewry. Throughout the
week the participants were
helped to understand the dif-
ficulties faced by Jews in the
USSR and the obstacles that
stand in the way of their
freedom.
In an attempt to stimulate
the process of taking a trip to
the USSR, all of the par-
ticipants were asked to fill out
visa applications prior to the
Convention. Upon their arrival
at the camp grounds they were
met by "Soviet Officials" who
subjected them to a thorough
customs check before pro-
viding them with a "tem-
porary internal passport,"
clearly stamped with the iden-
tifications "Jew."
Other activities, designed to
further increase the youth's
awareness, included fur-
nishing a daily "Pravda"
(which included many actual
articles from the Soviet press)
and giving them a meal pat-
terned after the daily diet of
Soviet prisoners bread,
water and a few potatoes.
Their initial reaction was
predictable, but afterwards
many youth felt they had gain-
ed a better insight about the
hardships faced by "Prisoners
of Conscience."
Highlights of the Convention
inluded a music/video presen-
tation on "Rock and Roll and
Religion" by Aley Sheer, a
visit by an Israeli torch run-
ner, a talent show, a mock
"international forum" on
Soviet Jewry, Israeli dancing,
"Life Ceremonies," and a
dance.
Several business meetings
were also held, featuring end-
of-the year States by outgoing
Presidents, Marc Blattner and
Jami Goldfarb, and the elec-
tion of new officers for the up-
coming year. New officers for
the AZA (boys component) are
Adam Silverman, president;
David Schimmel, vice-
president; Brett Berlin,
secretary; Brad Berman,
Membership; and Marc Blatt-
ner, chaplain. Officers for the
BBG (girls component) are
Adrian Nieman, president;
Stacey Goodman, vice-
president; Lauren Horowitz,
secretary; Lisa Steinman,
Shalichah; and Jami Goldfarb,
chaplain.
The B'nai B'rith Youth
Organization is the oldest and
largest Jewish youth group in
the world and sponsors a varie-
ty of social, athletic, cultural,
community service and Judaic
activities. The Florida Region
consists of over 40 chapters
and 1,400 members
throughout the state. Member-
ship is open to any Jewish toy
or girl aged 14-18.
Swiss
To Buy
Aircraft
GENEVA (JTA) The
Swiss Air Force plans to buy
48 Scout teleguided military
aircraft from Israel at a cost of
50 million Swiss Francs, the
Lausanne daily he Matin
reported last week.
AIR FORCE CHIEF Gen.
Walter Duerig said Scouts pur-
chased in 1985 were tested and
found acceptable under local
conditions. Hans Rudolf
Strasser, a Defense Ministry
spokesman, confirmed the Le
Matin report. He said
Switzerland wants to reach a
licensing agreement with
Israel so that local enterprise
can have a hand in manufac-
turing the aircraft.
Catholic,
Jewish Guide
Continued from Page 4
to adapt to this period of
liberalization. Just as we have the
liberty to manifest ourselves as
Jews, so do anti-Semites have the
liberty to manifest themselves as
anti-Semites."
Born in Lisbon, Portugal, of
Belgian refugees from Hitler,
Sobel was raised in New York Ci-
ty. He received his ordination
from Hebrew Union College-
Jewish Institute of Religion in
1970 and soon afterwards moved
to Brazil.
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Page 10 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, January 30, 1987
Dismay Expressed Over Israeli Defense Ministry's Travel Ban
NEW YORK (JTA) -
Three prominent American
Jews have expressed dismay
over the Israeli Defense
Ministry's decision last week
not to issue travel passes to
two leading Palestinians from
the West Bank and the Gaza
Strip to attend an interna-
tional symposium on the Mid-
dle East at the San Diego
State University.
Rabbi Arthur Hertzberg,
vice president of the World
Jewish Congress, Dr. Rita
Hauser, former U.S. delegate
to the United Nations, and
Stephen Shalom, said in a joint
statement that the decision
not to allow former Hebron
Mayor Mustapha Abd A-Nabi
Natshe and Gaza lawyer Fayez
Abu-Rahme to join them in
high level meetings to explore
ways to move the Mideast
peace process forward harms
the cause of peace and
damages Israel's image as a
serious seeker of peace.
THEY NOTED that,
ironically, Abu-Rahme is one
of two Palestinians who was
approved by the Israeli
government as a potential
Palestinian representative in
peace talks between Israel and
a Jordanian-Palestinian
delegation. "If he was accep-
table then, why is he a security
risk now?" the three asked.
Israeli security sources said
the two Palestinians were
denied travel permits because
there was a concern they
would use the occasion to meet
with hostile elements, but did
not elaborate.
"Denying travel permits to
these Palestinians because ol
'hostile elements' with whon-
they might meet does not seen:
to constitute sufficient ground
for such action," the joint
statement said. "Barring
Palestinians known for their
moderate voice from par-
ticipating in a constructive
dialogue appears to be a
political and not a security
act."
The San Diego conference,
which had been scheduled to
take place Jan. 19-23, has been
postponed, as all participants,
including the Israelis, felt that
Palestinian participation from
the West Bank and Gaza Strip
was essential to such discus-
sions, Hertzberg, Shalom and
Hauser noted. They expressed
the hope that the Defense
Ministry's decision "would be
reversed and that it would not
constitute a precedent for
future actions.
NATSHE and Abu-Rahme
were to have been part of a
large Israeli delegation. The
invitees included Knesset
members Abba Eban, David
Libai and Shulamit Aloni;
Prof. Shimon Shamir, a
leading expert on Mideast af-
fairs; Hanna Seniora, editor of
the East Jerusalem Arabic dai-
ly El-Fajer; Hatem Abu-
Ghazale, a Palestinian
educator from Gaza; and Dr.
Sare Nusseibeh of Bir Zeit
University in the West Bank.
The latter three Palestinians
were apparently not subject to
the Defense Ministry's travel
ban.
Other scheduled participants
in the conference were former
U.S. Ambassador to Israel
London Theatre Opens Play
Showing Zionist "Collaborators'
By MAURICE SAMUELSON
LONDON (JTA) The
Royal Court Theater, one of
the most prestigious in Lon-
don's West End, will shortly
present a play titled "Perdi-
tion" which depicts Zionists
as willing collaborators with
the Nazis in the mass exter-
mination of Hungarian
Jews.
The play has already drawn
angry protests from British Jews,
Holocaust survivors and others as
an insidious libel and propaganda
windfall for the Soviet Union and
anti-Israel hatemongers in Libya
and Iran.
Scholars of the Holocaust, in-
cluding Winston Churchill's
biographer, Martin Gilbert, and ,
Dr. Stephen Roth, director of the
Institute of Jewish Affairs and .
himself a member of the Zionist
movement in Hungary during
World War II, have called the play
"preposterous" after reading it in
script.
ACCORDING TO Gilbert, it is a
"vicious travesty of the facts."
Roth branded it "a libel against all
those who lived through, fought
and mostly perished in the
Holocaust."
The playwright, Jim Allen, a war-
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or wrist Postomr 87 OoouwM P 0 Box 402868 Woml BsacD. FMda 33140
Samuel Lewis; former Assis-
tant Undersecretary of State
Harold Saunders; former
Israeli Justice Minister Haim
Zadok; Israeli writer and jour-
nalist Amos Elon; a number of
American Palestinians; and six
leading Egyptians, some of
whom are currently in the
government.
The conference was to have
been hosted by the Fred
Hansen Institute for World
Peace. The Institute, establish-
ed at the San Diego State
University in 1979, has been a
major initiator and sponsor of
joint Israeli-Egyptian col-
laborative ventures in the
fields of oceanography, marine
biology and arid lands
agriculture.
IDF Patrol Kills Three Terrorists
former miner, admits to being an '
outspoken foe of Israel but claims .
to be "very pro-Jewish" and that
he is "rescuing the Jews from
Zionism."
In an interview published in The l
Guardian, Allen maintained that
the Zionists were "Hitler's
favorite Jews" because their in-
terests coincided with his "on the
basis of opportunism."
Allen's rationale is that "Hitler
wanted the Jews out of Europe,
and the Jews wanted a state in
Palestine. It was almost a voUcist
(folk) thing, blood and land. Hitler
was fond of the Zionists, they
were good Jews, prepared to fight
for land."
IRONICALLY, the Royal
Court Theater has several
wealthy Jews among its patrons,
and its chief fund-raiser in the
U.S. is believed to be the im-
presario Joseph Papp, a strong
supporter of Israel.
Allen's play is loosely based on
events in Hungary in 1944 when
the Zionist leader, Rudolf
Kastner, engaged in hopeless
negotiations with Adolf Eichmann
to buy Jewish lives in exchange
for trucks and money. Kastner's
activities were the subject of bit-
ter controversy in Israel after the
TEL AVTV (JTA) An
Israel Defense Force patrol
killed three terrorists last
week near Markabe village in
the central sector of the south
Lebanon security zone. Accor-
ding to a military spokesman,
the terrorists were en-
countered about a mile from
Kibbutz Manara in Upper
Galilee where they apparently
intended to infiltrate across
the border into Israel.
The incident brought to
seven the number of terrorists
killed in the previous 24 hours.
Four were killed Sunday (Jan.
18) night in a clash with the
IDF just north of the security
zone.
IDF sources told Israel
Radio Tuesday that the latest
interception probably averted
a "major incident," as the ter-
rorists were heavily armed.
Kalachnikov rifles, revolvers,
hand grenades, rockets and a
Quantity of explosives were
discovered near their bodies.
THE JUDITH RESNIK/CHALLENGER CREW MEMORIAL
AT BEIT HALOCHEM IN JERUSALEM
AMERICAN FRIENDS OF BEIT HALOCHEM BNAI ZION FOUNDATION
*;n
THEIR SPIRIT LIVES ON
IN THE NEW CHALLENGE
TO HELP THOSE WHOSE BATTLE HASN'T ENDED
A memorial honoring Astronaut
Judith Resnik and her fellow
Challenger crew members will be
established at Beit Halochem
in Jerusalem.
The memorial will consist of a
rehabilitation gymnasium with
physiotherapeutic facilities.
Beit Halochem centers provide
comprehensive recreation and
rehabilitation services to the 37,000
disabled Israeli War Veterans.
Dr. Erila Freeman-Padan
Chairman. Challenger Memorial
Marvin Hamlisch
Co Chairman. Challenger Memorial
Theodore Bikcl
Co Chairman. Challenger Memorial
Dr. Marvin Resnik
Committee Member. Challenger
Memorial
ISRAEL DEFENSE FORCES
DISABLED VETERANS
ORGANIZATION
AMERICAN FRIENDS OF
BETT HALOCHEM
BNAI ZION FOUNDATION
$
To
Judtt Resnfc/Oufcnoer Memorial
DfECfl #^#OCl w OUn^flEf^lOTl
136 E. 3h Street NYC 10016 (212) 725-1211
YES. I wish to add my support to help build the
Judith Resnik/Chaaenger memorial at BeK Halochem.
Address
CKy------
Slate.
2p
Mike check psysbte to:
Judith Resnfc Memortai/HZ-F.
Check enctoaed
D 250 O 100 D *54 D *36 D 18
DOher_____________
D Please send further information


'

Friday, January 30, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 11
Israel Offers To Compensate
Family of Slain Irish Soldier
JERUSALEM (JTA) Israel has offered to pay
compensation to the family of Cpl. Dermot McLaughlin, a
soldier in the Irish contingent of the United Nations In-
terim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) killed by Israeli shells
fired at a suspected terrorist position in the south Lebanon
security zone Jan. 10.
THE SUM OFFERED was not disclosed but was
described as substantial. McLaughlin, 33, was the father of
five children.
Chief of Staff Gen. Moshe Levy told reporters Sunday
that the incident was a "shameful mistake.' He said he had
received a report by a special investigating officer, and it
will be up to the Military Adjutant General to decide
whether further action will be taken.
. .CMv
AP/Wide World Photo
Kampelman, who received final instruc-
tions before flying to Geneva for the
resumption of talks on Thursday (Jan. 15),
will serve both as the head of the U.S.
delegation there and as State Department
counselor.
IOVAL OFFICE PROMOTION: President
Reagan talks with Chief U.S. Anns Control
Negotiator Max Kampelman during a
meeting in the Oval Office at the White
House. Appearing to match a move by the
[Kremlin, the President announced that
Cabinet Okays
New Program To Stimulate Growth
By DAVID LANDAU
And GIL SEDAN
JERUSALEM (JTA) -
The Cabinet has approved a
new economic program
which its proponents say
will stimulate economic
growth and exports, curb in-
flation and assure economic
stability without causing
hardship to wage-earners or
increasing unemployment.
The main features of the plan,
agreed to after an exhausting all-
night session and intensive con-
sultations with labor and manage-
ment, are a 10 percent devalua-
tion of the Shekel; a 400 million
Shekel reduction in the national
budget; some minor tax reforms;
and a new levy on education.
ALTHOUGH the prices of some
subsidized goods and services will
go up as a result of devaluation,
they are expected to be neutraliz-
ed by wage-price constraints
agreed to by Histadrut and the
Manufacturers Association. A
proposed 30 percent hike in
transportation fares was dropped.
The price of gasoline was not rais-
ed. A total price freeze will be in
effect until April.
The budget itself, the subject of
fierce debate within and outside of
the Cabinet for the past month,
emerged with the defense budget
unscathed. The modest 80 million
Shekel cut in defense expen-
ditures urged by Finance Minister
Moshe Nissim with the support of
Premier Yitzhak Shamir was
voted down by a majority of the
Ministers, a singular victory for
Defense Minister Yitzhak Rabin.
The 80 million Shekels will be ex-
cised instead from the budget
reserves.
A major and even more con-
troversial change of policy was
the decision to impose an annual
education tax of between 100-400
Shekels per child, the amount con-
tingent on the parents' income.
The Cabinet thereby dev d
from the principle of free *
pulsory education which has been
in effect since the founding of the
State.
BUT ACCORDING to govern-
ment sources, about 43 percent of
the population will be exempt.
Parents of more than three
children, residents of develop-
ment towns and families with a
monthly income of 1,000 Shekels
or less will not have to pay the tax.
The Treasury's ambitious plans
for major tax reforms, including
the elimination of loopholes and
exemptions, went by the board.
What emerged in the new
economic program was a reduc-
tion of the top income tax bracket
from 60 to 48 percent on incomes
of up to 9,000 Shekels a month.
Families earning more will pay a
surtax of 53 percent on the dif-
ference. Corporate taxes were put
in the 40 percent bracket.
Under heavy pressure from
Histadrut, the Finance Minister
was forced to abandon plans to
eliminate tax exemptions for new
development towns, working
mothers and the handicapped.
Nissim also backed away from
health care fees. Histadrut called
those proposals anti-social and
regressive.
The 10 percent devaluation of
the Shekel may have the greatest
impact. Nissim gave assurances
Tuesday that it would not usher in
a new era of periodic
devaluations.
TEL AVIV Stock Exchange
reacted favorably. Virtually all
shares advanced in price following
the announcement. Investors
were apparently convinced that
the currency rate adjustment will
spur exports and business in
general.
At a joint press conference with
Vice Premier and Foreign
Minister Shimon Peres, Histadrut
Secretary General Yisrael Kessar
and Dov Lautman, chairman of
the Manufacturers Association,
Nissim declared:
"Let me assure our public that
this is a one-time action ... It will
not upset our hard-won stability
... We have seized the oppor-
tunities to ensure that the effects
of the devaluation are neutralized
. .. and therefore the exchange
rate will stand for a long time to
come."
The official rate now stands at
1.64 Shekels to the Dollar and
1.68 Shekels to a "basket" of
currencies.
By "neutralization," Nissim
was referring to the government's
decision to waive 2.7 percent of
employers' payments to National
Insurance and Histadrut's agree-
ment to waive 2.7 percent of cost-
of-living increments occasioned by
devaluation. But Kessar warned
that if inflation rose despite these
efforts, Histadrut would demand
that the full COL increment be
paid.
PERES AND NISSIM main-
tained that the new economic plan
"created the conditions for a con-
tinuation of the stability in the
economy and renewal of growth."
Its purpose, they said, was to
avoid unemployment and not
widen the social gap. They con-
tended that industry and exports
would benefit.
The entire plan is subject to ap-
proval by the Knesset where it is
expected to encounter some stiff
opposition. Three motions of non-
confidence were introduced by
Mapam, the Hadash (Communist)
Party and the Progressive List.
Yair Tsaban of Mapam attacked
the tax reform measures. He said
they would cost the government
upwards of 1 billion Shekels in lost
revenues. But President Chaim
Herzog has called on the nation to
"continue giving unified support"
to the efforts for economic
recovery.
Minor Earthquake
JERUSALEM (JTA) A
minor earthquake, 5.0 on the
Richter scale, was recorded in
northern Israel Thursday (Jan.
15). There were no casualties, or
damage. An earthquake that
measured 5.1 on the Richter scale
was recorded in Cyprus some
hours earlier.
Knesset Erupts in Flying Fists,
Insults As Soviets Look On
By HUGH ORGEL
TEL AVIV (JTA) -
Knesset ushers and guards
were forced to intervene
Monday in a clash between
left- and right-wing
members during a visit by a
Soviet delegation.
The three-member delegation
from the Soviet Peace Committee,
visiting Israel at the invitation of
the Hadash (Communist) Party,
was taken to the Knesset by their
hosts, who wished to show them
the parliament and introduce
them to members.
THEY MET in a private dining
room for about two hours with
Knesset members from the Labor
Party and leftwards, but when
they entered the Knesset
members' lounge and cafeteria
they were met by Geula Cohen,
Yuval Neeman and Eliezer
Waldman of the rightwing Tehiya
Party displaying posters deman-
ding free emigration for Soviet
Jewry.
Communist member Charley
Biton grabbed the banner from
Cohen and tore it up. But the fiery
Cohen, who had apparently an-
ticipated his reaction, unfurled
another poster.
Insults soon gave way to shov-
ing and fisticuffs, and the Knesset
ushers intervened to stand bet-
ween the rival factions, but not
before Kach member Meir Kahane
physically attacked Biton.
COHEN FELL to the floor. She
later claimed that she had been
pushed down by Biton, but he
claimed that she had lain down on
the floor with her poster.
The guards escorted the Soviet
visitors, appearing white and
shaken, from the building.
Knesset Speaker Shlomo Hillel
denounced the incident, describe''
by parliamentary correspondents
as one of the most serious ever
seen in the Knesset. He said that
he would ask the House Commit-
tee to give him increased powers
to punish members who interfere
with the normal work of the
parliament and prevent visitors
from coming to see Israel's
parliamentary democracy in
action.
Cohen and other rightwing
members demanded that Biton be
removed from the Knesset "for at
least a year."
Public Losing Confidence in Labor,
Likud Coalition, Poll Shows
TEL AVIV (JTA) The public is losing confidence
in Labor and Likud, the principal partners in the unity
coalition government, according to a poll published Friday.
It indicated that both would lose votes if elections were
held now. The beneficiaries would be parties on the left and
right of the political spectrum.
ACCORDING TO the poll by the Hanoch Smith
Research Institute, published in Davar, 38 percent of the
electorate would vote for Labor and 27 percent for Likud.
This represents a 4 percent loss for the Labor Party and 1
percent decline for Likud since a similar poll was conducted
in September 1986.
Support for the leftist Citizens Rights Movement
(CRM) rose from 4.5 percent last September to 6 percent
now. The rightwing Tehiya Party went from 6 to 8 percent
approval by the respondents.
Hospital Official in Zaire
To Organize Medical Facility
KINSHASHA (JTA) An
Israeli hospital administrator .has
arrived in Zaire's capital city to
organize operation of the nation's
newest medical facility a new
hospital being built jointly by a
local Christian sect, the United
States Agency for International
Development and Hadassah.
Eli Mor, Administrator of the
Hadassah-University Hospital in
Jerusalem, will lead the Kin-
shasha hospital's staff of 157
medical and support personnel
through the early stages of its
operations over the next 30 mon-
ths. The facility occupies seven
buildings on the site of a small
r spital run by the Kimbanguist
hurch and will serve about
. 50,000 Kinshasha residents.
Mor will be joined in six months
by the first of several teams of
doctors and nurses from the
Hadassah Medical Organization in
Israel who have volunteered for
rotating two-month stints at the
new hospital to help train its staff
in the latest techniques in patient
care.
Funding to expand and upgrade
the site and to equip the hospital
was provided through a $1.5
million AID grant awarded last
September. The hospital includes
departments in pediatrics,
gynecology and obstetrics,
surgery and internal medicine and
is equipped with operating
theaters, recovery room,
diagnostic laboratories and inten-
sive care and radiology units.


Page 12 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-HoUywood/Friday, January 30, 1987
Orthodox Jews Say 'Yes9
Can Science and Religion Be Brought Together?
Continued from Page fr
To indicate what is disallowed
from pure scientific inquiry,
Goldstein told an anecdote about
the 19th Century French
mathematician Pierre de LaPlace.
After writing his definitive work,
"Methods of Celestial
Mechanics," he was invited to an
audience with Napoleon. The
monarch flipped through the ar-
cane tome uncomprehendingly.
He turned to LaPlace.
"And where is God in all this?"
asked Bonaparte.
"Sir," replied LaPlace, "I have
no need for that hypothesis."
IT IS THIS very hypothesis
that could conceivably color an Or-
thodox scientist's professional in-
quiries. But after an extensive
round of interviews of such scien-
tists, no such bias was unearthed.
For one thing, Orthodox scientists
seem to have avoided those fields
in which persistent conflict might
arise.
The current roster of the
Association of Orthodox Scien-
tists, for instance, lists plenty of
computer scientists and
biologists, but no one astronomer,
astrophysicist or archeologist,
aseas whose implicit cosmology
could challenge Biblical
cosmology.
But also, as Azriel Rosenfeld, a
professor of computer science at
the University of Maryland, said,
"It is perfectly possible to be in a
field and not give it much thought.
You can be a chemist and not care
about how the world came about.
You can design computer circuits
all day long and not think about
how wonderful the universe is."
"HOW MANY people in any
walk of life really think about
what they do and have conflicts?"
asked Michael Edidin, a Johns
Hopkins biology professor.
"When Jeremiah and Socrates
brought these issues to the fore,
the mob got very, very unruly."
Those scientists who do ex-
perience conflicts may be suffer-
ing from a misunderstanding of
the purpose of science and
religion. As Azriel Rosenfeld said,
"Science is utilitarian and religion
is idealistic. They operate on dif-
ferent levels of intellectual
endeavor."
And yet, it is to science that
society usually looks when it
wants "answers" and "proof."
Perhaps that has something to do
with the American insistence of
strict separation of government
and religion, maybe on the
assumption that "proof comes
out of a test tube and not from
oracles and prophets.
Several centuries ago, the com-
ments of a clergyman probably
would have been sought on the
value of the space program if
there had been one in those less
"enlightened" times. But now
that we know that God is not "in"
His heaven, it is to the men in
white lab jackets that we turn.
"IF YOU want the 'truth' in our
society, you quote a scientist,"
said Julian Jakobovits, "but scien-
tists don't always deal with facts.
Hypothesis educated
guesswork is a staple of the
scientific method."
"Neither religion nor science
have an edge on truth," said Eli
Schmell, a biochemist with the Of-
fice of Naval Research
Laboratories in Arlington,
Virginia. "Both camps can be
rather pretentious about their
truthfulness. In both, you can see
the same type of dogmatic
charlatans."
Ironically, some aspects of
icience that alleged bastion of
logic and empiricism require as
much faith as religion. Faith for
Eli Schmell, for instance, is re-
quired to accept the conventional
and the patently contradictory
wisdom in modem science that
light is both a wave and a particle.
"This duality is no more difficult
than the God concept," he said.
"We speak of God as being in-
finite. I have the same problem
understanding infinity as I do
understanding nature."
"EXTRAORDINARY faith is
required to accept some of the
basic premises of science,"
acknowledged Herbert Goldstejn
of Columbia University. "We have
faith that the 'laws of nature' will
not be one thing one day and dif-
ferent another day. I interpret the
Torah passage about God renew-
ing his wonders every day as His
assurance that these laws will not
arbitrarily change."
"In a sense," said Baltimore
physical chemist Simeon Krum-
bein, "religious belief is now
easier because modern science
makes a clear distinction between
the physical and the spiritual. We
know, for instance, that if you go
to another planet, you do not find
a physical God. Even a concept as
esoteric as the resurrection of the
dead is easier to believe in our
scientifically oriented world
because we know that God works
on a spiritual plane and we work
on a physical plane. This may not
have been clear to scientists of
centuries ago who confused the
physical with the spiritual."
This may also not be clear to the
lay public of today that occasional-
ly confuses scientific theory with
hard fact and religion with
antedeluvian explanations for
what may be, according to quan-
tum mechan'cs, an intrinsically
unexplainable universe.
BUT THAT does not mean the
search should cease, that it should
yield to impediments of cant or
dogma. In a sense, the inquiries of
science and religion may be more
important than their ultimate
answers if, indeed, there are
any. For as long as humans in-
quire into the ways of the
universe, complacency and indif-
ference are in abeyance and
challenge and, perhaps, even con-
tradiction are in the offing.
Science, said Baltimore Hebrew
College archeologist Barry Gitlin,
is "the quest for the truth. It
moves us toward an understan-
ding of who we are and what we
are."
The same could be said of
religion.
Albert Einstein once said,
"Religion without science is blind.
Science without religion is lame."
Science and religion are each in-
dispensable to the other: Each
tries to make sense out of what
might be a nonsensical world.
By envisioning science and
religion as two brawling, squabbl-
ing dogmas, faith is pitted against
reason, God is pitted against the
cooly rational men in white lab
coats. It makes religion appear
fearful of the tide of modernity; it
makes science appear fearful of
elements that cannot be reduced
to the hieroglyphics of formulae
and hypotheses. It makes, as
Einstain said, religion blind and
science lame.
For Slain Passenger
Italians Dedicate Forest
In Klinghoffer's Memory
TEL AVIV (JTA) A forest in the memory of Leon
Klinghoffer was dedicated in Yatir near Beersheba on Sun-
day by Deputy Prime Minister Arnaldo Forlani of Italy.
The Ambassadors of Italy and the United States also
planted trees in the memorial forest in memory of Kl-
inghoffer, the 69-year-old American Jew killed during the
1985 hijacking of the Achille Lauro cruise ship. Palestinian
terrorists killed him and then threw his body overboard.
"ISRAEL AND ITALY are united in the war against
terrorism," Forlani said at the dedication ceremony. He
said it was important that Italy should be represented at
the dedication because Klinghoffer was killed on an Italian
ship. The Klinghoffer forest sponsored by the Italian
government, is part of a five-million-trees forest donated
by Italian Jews.
/ :
AP/Wide World Photo
IN CAIRO: U.S. special envoy Richard Murphy (left) meets
with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak to discuss Middle Jerusalem, Murphy said he appeared certain that the trio of
^ii^JTIT^ ?!irphJ ES^itt! fo,hT"? UlkA,n ""' want peace more than ever but that they are still
SLA Weakened
But Israel Intends To Continue Support in S. Lebanon
By DAVID LANDAU
JERUSALEM (JTA) -
Israel intends to maintain
its present policy of suppor-
ting the South Lebanese Ar-
my (SLA) while keeping its
own military presence in the
area to a minimum, this
despite the weakened condi-
tion of the SLA, a condition
which is giving Israeli
military policy-makers much
cause for concern.
This resolve to adhere to the
policy that has been in force since
Israel withdrew from Lebanon in
June 1985, and to strengthen the
SLA wherever possible, was
enunciated this week by Chief of
Staff Gen. Moshe Levy.
HE INDICATED that the deci-
sion followed exhaustive delibera-
tions within the defense
establishment.
Thirteen SLA soldiers were kill-
ed in a number of recent clashes
with Shiite Hizbullah units
usually attacks by the Shiites at
night on poorly staffed SLA posi-
tions. Last weekend one such inci-
dent resuled in a Shiite defeat a
development warmly welcomed in
Israel. But the graver problem of
defections from the SLA ranks,
continues to concern Israeli policy
makers.
According to informed
estimates, some 20 percent of the
1,500-member force have melted
away into the hills and villages of
south Lebanon over recent weeks.
Israel has sought to stanch this
hemorrhage by increasing the
salaries that it pays the SLA men
these are henceforth to be paid
in U.S. dollars, no longer in the
steadily plummeting Lebanese
currency and by insisting that
south Lebanese civilians can only
cross the border daily to work in-
side Israel if they have a member
of their family serving in the SLA.
IN ADDITION to Israel's wor-
ries over the complement and
fighting-fitness of the SLA, there
are deepening concerns here over
the steady buildup of PLO forces
in south Lebanon north of the
United Nations Interim Force in
Lebanon (UNIFIL) line.
Some Israeli sources have been
quoted as citing a figure of 3,000
Palestinian fighting men now
grouped in the areas around Tyre
and Sidon. These Palestinian
units, moreover, are buoyed by
their recent success in holding
their own against numerically
superior Shiite Amal forces -
especially around the village of
Maghdoushe where the Amal was
beaten in pitched battles.
Israel was peripherally involved
in that fighting: its naval craft
shelled PLO positions on the
coast. Also, the Israel Air Force
has been used frequently of late to
bomb and strafe Palestinian
and occasionally Hiabullah ter-
rorist targets in various parts of
Lebanon.
BUT THERE is a feeling
among some observers here that
Israel may have been
overestimating the military
strength of Amal, which, though
numerically large, seems badly
organized and badly commanded.
Particularly chastening to Israel
is the fact and it is by now a pro-
ven fact that the PLO has
enlisted the aid of the Beirut
Christian forces in infiltrating
men and materiel back into south
Lebanon.


Friday, January 30, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 13
Drilling for Oil Begins,
Hopes High for Negev Results
i

I Dr. Samuel I. Cohen, executive vice president
of the Jewish National Fund (second from the latter s honor in Universal City, Calif,
right), presents Brandon Tartikqff, president Also present, from JNF's San Fernando
of NBC Entertainment (second from left), with Valley region, are Ernest Goodman, presi-
the Tree of Life Award at a recent dinner in dent, o,nd Marcia Rosenthal, director (right).
NBC Solon Honored
Receives JNF Tree of Life Award
LOS ANGELES (JTA) -
)me 900 top executives and stars
the television and motion pic-
industries attended a recent
Jewish National Fund black-tie
ner honoring Brandon Tar-
toff, president of NBC Enter-
tainment, at the Sheraton-
emiere in Universal City.
NBC stars paving tribute to
rartikoff included Johnny Carson,
[Ed McMahon, Michael J. Fox, Ted
iDanson, Kim Fields, Charlotte
iRae, Cloris Leachman, Betty
White, Jack Khigman, George
IPeppard, Dan Travanti and Soleil
[Moon Frye. The honoree is the
man credited with organizing
NBC's first winning prime-time
schedule in 30 years.
TARTIKOFF, appointed at age
31 as the youngest division presi-
dent in NBC history, was praised
for his accomplishments by Grant
Tinker, former chairman and
chief executive officer of NBC; B.
Donald Grant, president of CBS
Entertainment; Fred Silverman,
former president of NBC;
Lawrence Lytlle, senior vice
president for creative affaire,
Warner Brothers; and performers
Michael Landon, Jay Leno and
Nell Carter.
Eytan Bentsur, Israel's Consul
General in Los Angeles, and Dr.
Samuel I. Cohen, JNF executive
vice president, presented Tar-
tikoff with JNF's Tree of Life
Award for outstanding profes-
sional and humanitarian
leadership.
Proceeds will go toward the
establishment of the Brandon Tar-
tikoff Forest and Recreation Area
in the American Independence
Park near Jerusalem. Referring
to the project, Ernest B. Good-
man, of MCA Inc., and president
of JNF's San Fernando Valley
region, stated "It is appropriate
that a man who has demonstrated
such a high commitment to profes-
sional excellence will now be
associated with improving the
quality of life in Israel."
'Execution' Revealed
Shiites List Another Jewish Hostage
NEW YORK Isramco,
an American company with
oil and gas interests in
Israel, reported last week
that drilling activities have
begun on the Agur test well
in Israel's Negev Desert.
The well is targeted for the
14,500-foot depth at a cost of
ssome $4 million. Some $10
million has been allocated for an
initial series of wells to be drilled
in Israel.
Isramco's partners in the activi-
ty, known as the Negev Joint Ven-
ture, include Dr. Armand Ham-
mer and other U.S. individual in-
vestors and a number of Israeli
companies. Isramco owns an eight
percent interest in the joint
venture.
IN ANNOUNCING the spud-
ding, Dr. Joseph Elmaleh, chair-
man, said, "The Agur site was the
first chosen for drilling as a result
of geophysical and geological
studies which indicate the
presence of previously unknown
deep geological traps in the
Negev, running parallel to the
Mediterranean between the
Mediterranean Sea and the Dead
Sea.
"These deep traps could contain
reservoirs of hydrocarbons in the
upper and lower Triassic, the
Jurassic and the upper and lower
Cretaceous formations, which are
historically oil and gas producing.
The traps are believed to have
prevented the migration and
subsequent dissipation of
hydrocarbons from the source
rock."
The joint venture group's
studies, part of an ongoing ex-
ploration program in the Negev
and offshore in the Mediterra-
nean, included 2,500 kilometers of
seismic lines and has cost more
than $8 million, thus far, Dr.
Elmaleh said.
"THE AGUR structure, which
is thought to contain gas, is very
large, approximately 7,500 acres
in area. Based on that size, and
also the thickness, porosity and
permeability of hydrocarbon bear-
ing reservoir rock, the Agur struc-
ture could have reserves equalling
400 million barrels of oil," he said.
Isramco, Inc. and its partners
have the rights to explore
2,000,000 acres in the Negev
Desert which comprises 40 per-
cent of Israel's uncontested land
mass.
The joint venture also has a
1,000,000 acre permit in the
Mediterranean Sea off of the
Israeli coast. Nearby in Egyptian
waters an oil well, the Mango I,
was recently discovered, which
was tested at approximately
15,000 barrels a day from the up-
per and lower Cretaceous
formations.
Murphy Sure
Continued from Page 1
Palestinians. Both countries
recognize the Palestine Liberation
Organization as spokesman for
the Palestinians.
Israel refuses to negotiate with
the PLO. It insists that any inter-
national forum must be a
framework for direct negotia-
tions, not a substitute for them,
and it is determined to prevent
the reentry of the Soviet Union in-
to Middle Eastern affairs.
THE U.S. APPEARS to favor
the Israeli position. Murphy, who
is Assistant Secretary for Near
Eastern and South Asian Affairs,
will meet Shamir again when the
latter comes to Washington next
month for meetings with Presi-
dent Reagan and top Administra-
tion officials. During his visits to
Israel, Murphy met with Vice
Premier and Foreign Minister
Shimon Peres and Defense
Minister Yitzhak Rabin.
Israeli sources believe Murphy
will return to the region after the
Islamic Conference in Kuwait
later this month. They believe
much depends on whether the con-
ference will give Egypt and Jor-
dan a freer hand to act. President
Hosni Mubarak of Egypt is due to
visit Washington a week after
Shamir's visit.
Israeli sources also maintain
that a major purpose of Murphy's
current Mideast tour was to allay
Arab fears over the Reagan Ad-
ministration's covert shipment of
arms to Iran and to restore
Washington'8 credibility in the
Arab world.
PARIS (JTA) A
iShiite terrorist group in
Lebanon announced last
week that it "executed"
another Jewish hostage,
Yehouda Benesti, 70. He is
believed to be the ninth
I Lebanese Jew murdered by
I the group which calls itself
"The Organization of the
Oppressed (Mustadafin) in
|the World."
He is also believed to be the
[father of two other murdered
I Jewish hostages; Ibrahim Benesti,
34, who was killed on February
15,1986, and Youssuf Benesti, 33,
I murdered on Dec. 30.
THE EXACT identity and rela-
I tionship of the victims is not en-
tirely clear because there is no
organized Jewish community in
Beirut. Jewish organizations here
have only sketchy documentation
on missing Jews believed taken
I hostage.
The Mustadafin said it executed
its latest victim because of his ac-
tivities "on behalf of Israeli in-
telligence." It released a
I photograph of an elderly bald-
headed man with a well-trimmed
| white beard.
According to the group's an-
nouncements, 10 Lebanese Jews
I were taken prisoner during the
[last 20 months and nine have been
killed. Only three bodies have
I been recovered, however. Those
were identified as Haim Cohen,
38, kidnapped on March 30, 1985
and murdered on December 24,
1985; Isaac Tarrab, 70, murdered
in late December 1985; and
Ibrahim Benesti.
The French Jewish community
has appealed to the French
government and to President
Amin Gemayel of Lebanon to try
to secure the release of Jewish
hostages still alive and the return
of the bodies of those put to death.
NEITHER the French Govern-
ment nor Gemayel seems to have
influence with the Shiite ex-
tremists in Lebanon. Terry Waite,
the Englishman representing the
Archbishop of Canterbury in try-
ing to secure the release of
hostages in Lebanon, has in-
tervened on behalf of the Jewish
victims, so far without success.
He told a press conference in
Beirut Monday night that he was
also trying to act on behalf of
Israeli prisoners of war in the
hands of various groups in
Lebanon but could do nothing
unless Israel "stops bombing
(south Lebanon) and opens the
way to a peaceful solution" in that
region.
Shiites claiming to speak for the
Mustadafin were quoted as saying
they would return the bodies of
the slain Lebanese Jews only if
Israel releases Lebanese and
Palestinian prisoners in custody of
the Israel-backed South Lebanon
Army (SLA).
Four students representing Yeshiva
University took first place in the Greater
New York regional programming competi-
tion of the Association for Computing
Machinery. The students, who competed
with representatives from 12 colleges and
universities, earned the right to participate
in ACM's International Programming Com-
petition next month in St. Louis. Represen-
ting Yeshiva University were (from left,
clockwise) Andrew Under, Yosef Gold, Zvi
Sebrow, and Eric Safern. The students,
who are seniors at Yeshiva College, solved
three computer problems in only six hoars.



Page 14 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, January 30, 1987
Temple Update
Temple Beth Ahm
Sabbath Services begin at 8
p.m. Friday, Jan. 30. Saturday
morning services begin at 8:45
a.m.
Sunday, Feb. 1 and Tuesday,
Feb. 3 our Aleph class will be bak-
ing Challah.
Wednesday, Feb. 4 Temple will
have their Board meeting at 7:30
p.m.
Daily minyan meet every morn-
ing at 8 a.m. and Monday-
Thursday at 7:30 p.m.
Concert in our Sanctuary. For
reservations, please call the Tem-
ple office.
Temple Beth El
Temple Beth-Elk has scheduled
its Annual Pilgrimage to Israel
conducted by Rabbi Samuel Z.
Jaffe for this Spring. The tour will
depart on May 13 from Miami and
return May 27 via El-Al Airlines.
This 15 day all-inclusive deluxe
trip will be escorted throughout
with five nights in Tel Aviv at the
Ramada/Continental Hotel, two
nights in Tiberias at the Plaza
Tiberias Hotel, and sue nights in
Jerusalem at the Sheraton Plaza
Hotel. Included in these ar-
rangements will be breakfast and
dinner daily, three lunches
enroute, two nightclubs and all en-
trance fees. In addition to the
regular itinerary of all the historic
and important modern sights
throughout the country, there will
be special events which have
always made our Congregational
trips so unique and worthwhile.
The total price of the tour is
$2,438 per person, double oc-
cupancy. For further information,
please call Evelyn at the Temple
office 920-8225 or 944-7773.
Shabbat Service will be held on
Friday evening, Jan. 30 at 8 p.m.,
at which time Rabbi Samuel Z.
Jaffe will speak: "Life With or
Without God."
The flowers on the Bima are be-
ing sponsored by Betty Donder-
shine in memory of her husband,
Harry Dondershine. The
Sisterhood of Temple Beth El will
be sponsoring the Oneg Shabbat.
Saturday morning, Jan. 31 Rab-
bi Jaffe will conduct the Torah
Study in the Chapel at 10:15 a.m.,
followed by Shabbat Service at 11
a.m.
On Monday, Feb. 2, Rabbi will
conduct his Bible Study Class, I
Kings at 10 a.m. in the Chapel and
at 11:30 a.m. Dr. Joel Weissberg
will conduct the Jewish History
Class in the Chapel Lounge.
Temple Sinai
The Friday evening Sabbath
Service on Jan. 30 will begin at 8
p.m. in the Temple Sanctuary
with Rabbi Richard J. Margolis
and Cantor Misha Alexandrovich
officiating. During the service the
students of the Aleph Class of the
Paul B. Anton Religious School
will be consecrated. The following
Aleph students will participate in
the program under the guidance
of their teacher, Ms. Ruth Spec-
tre: Joseph Liederman, Asher
Mantis, Randi Ross, Laurie
Rubinstein, Jarett Shea, Dale
Stark, Susan Stein and Rachel
Sures. Each of the students will
receive a gift to commemorate the
occasion. The Oneg Shabbat
following the service will be spon-
sored by Temple Sinai in honor of
our congregants. During the Oneg
Shabbat, the Mitzvah of the
Month will be highlighted.
The Saturday morning Sabbath
Services begins at 9 a.m in the
Sanctuary.
On Sunday, Feb. 1, the parent
education program of the Paul B.
Anton Religious School will con-
tinue with a breakfast meeting at
9 a.m. in the Lipman Youth Wing.
Rabbi Margolis will lead a
workshop on Tu B'shevat based
on ecology in the Bible.
Temple Sinai Sisterhood will
hold their monthly general
meeting on Monday, Feb. 2 in the
Lipman Youth Wing at 7:30 p.m.
An interesting program is being
planned.
The Cantor's Concert featuring
Temple Sinai's Cantor Misha
Alexandrovich, will take place on
Sunday, Feb. 8 at 7:30 p.m.
General admission tickets and
some reserved seats are available
in the Temple office.
Ancient Coins Sale in Florida
Will Fund Research in Israel
TAMPA -. A number of ge-
nuine ancient coins and oil lamps
obtained through licensed sources
in Israel are being made available
statewide through some 100 chur-
ches and synagogues in an un-
precedented effort to raise more
than half a million dollars for ar-
chaeological research in Israel.
In addition, a portion of the
total proceeds will be used to sup-
port a variety of programs in each
of the participating
congregations.
INTERNATIONALLY-known
archaeologist Dr. James F.
Strange of Tampa is personally
examining and certifying each ar-
tifact to be authentic. Dr. Strange
is described by his colleagues and
peers as one of the best field ar-
chaeologists digging in the Middle
East today.
His discoveries include the first
known sacred synagogue ark in
1981 and in 1985 the sole piece of
cloth documented to date from the
First Century in ancient Galilee.
In 1986, he took part in an ex-
periment which accurately
reenacted a First Century burial
in a tomb in Jerusalem. This pro-
duced evidence which helps to ex-
plain how the image may have
formed on the Shroud of Turin,
believed by many to be the burial
cloth of Jesus.
THE CURRENT focus of Dr.
Strange's work is the ancient city
of Sepphoris, located just north
and west of Nazareth, Israel. He
plans extensive field research
there through 1995. "The
resources generated by this fund-
raising project will help to insure
that portions of this city that rival-
ed biblical Jerusalem will be un-
covered according to schedule,"
said Strange.
Each bronze coin and clay oil
lamp slated to be sold is hand-
made and characteristically uni-
que. The coins date from 140 BCE
to 70 CE and seem primitive by
modern standards, exhibiting a
wide variety of shapes and sizes.
Each coin carries a price tag of
$50. The oil lamps vary in color,
size and style and span the years
from 200 BCE to 600 CE. Each oil
lamp sells for $150.
Strange is dean of the College of
Arts and Letters and Professor of
Religious Studies at the Universi-
ty of South Florida in Tampa.
Asked how he finds time for ac-
tivities such as this fund-raiser,
Dean Strange replied, "I have a
lot of help."
IN THIS case, support comes
through Ed Wasserman, a former
student of Strange's and owner of
Jerusalem Imports, a company do-
ing business in the Middle East.
Dr. Strange has appointed
Wasserman to handle the stagger-
ing number of details associated
with this campaign.
HAVE
YOU BEEN
COMPARING
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AMONG PSE-ASEANGEMENT PLANS?
II you've shopped for funeral pre-arrangements,
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they forgot to mention. At Menorah, youll And the custom-designed
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write a Menorah Pre-Need Plan tor less and give you a dozen oranges.
Now isn't that a peach of an offer?
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LIMITED TIME OFFEK A FREE SET OF JEWISH HOLIDAY PRINTS FOR THE FIKST 500 VISITORS TO
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^MenofihT
FJeligious directory
OBTHODOX
Cwcnptiw Levi Yitacaek Lubevitch, 1296 E. Hallandale Beach Blvd., Hallan
dale; 468-1877. Rabbi Rafael Tennenhaus. Daily services 7:66 a.m., 6:80 p.m.; Friday
evening, 6:80 p.m.; Saturday morning, 9 a.m., Saturday evening, 7:80 p.m., Sunday
8:80 a.m. and 6:80 p.m. Religious school: Grades 1-8. Nursery school Monday
through Friday.
Yomag Israel of Hollywood 3291 Stirling Rood; 966-7877, Rabbi Edward Davis.
Daily services, 7:80 a.m., sundown; Sabbath services, one hour before sundown; Sab-
bath morning, 9 o'clock; Sunday, 8 a.m.
CONSERVATIVE
Hsllsooals Jewish Center 416 NE 8th Are.; 464-9100. Rabbi Carl Klein. Daily
services, 8:80 a.m., 6:80 p.m.; Sabbath 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 8:46 a.m.
Tessple Beta Shales 1400 N. 46th Ave., Hollywood; 981-6111. Rabbi Morton
Malavaky. Daily services, 7:46 a.m., sundown; Sabbath evening, 8:16 p.m.; Sabbath
morning, 9 o'clock. Religious school: Kindergarten-8.
Tessple Beth Asa 9780 Stirling Road, Hollywood; 481-6100. Rabbi Avraham
Kapnek. Services daily 8 a.m.; Sabbath 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning 8:46 a.m. Religious
School: Nursery, Bar Mitzvah, Judaica High School.
Temple Israel of Mirasaar 6920 SW 86th St.; 961-1700. Rabbi Raphael Adler.
Daily services, 8:80 a.m.; Sabbath, 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 8:46 a.m. Religious
School: pre-kindergarten-8.
Temple Siaai 1201 Johnson St., Hollywood: 920-1677. Rabbi Richard J. Margolis,
8 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 9 a.m. Religious school: Pre-kindergarten Judaica High
School.
REFORM
Tessple Beth El 1861 S. 14th Ave., Hollywood; 920-8226. Rabbi Samuel Z. Jaffe.
Sabbath evening 8 p.m. Sabbath morning 11 a.m. Religious school: Grades K 10.
Tessple Beth Esset 10801 Pembroke Rood, Pembroke Pines: 431-8638. Rabbi
Bennett Greenspon. Sabbath services, 8:16 p.m. First Friday of the month we meet
at 7:30 p.m. Religious school: Pre-kindergarten-10.
Tessple Solel 6100 Sheridan St, Hollywood: 989-0205. Rabbi Robert P. Frazin.
Sabbath services, 8:16 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 10:30 a.m. Religiour school: Pre-
school-12.
RECONSTRUCTIONS
Rasaat Shalom 11301 W. Broward Blvd., Plantation: 472-3600. Rabbi Elliot
Skidell. Sabbath services, 8:16 p.m. Religious school: Pre-kindergarten-8.
>..
Great American Poetry Contest
Offers $10,000 In Prizes
A $1,000 grand prize is being
offered in the Great American
Poetry Contest, sponsored by the
World of Poetry. There is no entry
fee. There are 200 prizes being of-
fered, totaling over $10,000.
The rules are simple. You may
enter ONE POEM ONLY, 25 lines
or less. Your poem may be writen
on any subject, using any style.
The dealine for entering is Feb.
28. Winners will be announced on
or before April 30, at which time
all prizes will be awarded. A com-
plete winner's list will be sent to
all entrants.
Says Poetry Editor Mrs. Eddie-
Lou Cole, "We are especially in-
terested in beginning poets, and
we expect this contest to produce
exciting discoveries."
To enter, send your poem to:
World of Poetry, Dept. Great
American, 2431 Stockton,
Sacramento, CA 95817.
You heard us right: Menorah wants you to shop and compare
pre-arrangement plans. Then come to Menorah last. With five
convenient locations, the finest options to custom-tailor your
plan, memorial gardens In Palm Beach and Broward, and
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Margate: 975-0011 Deerfield Beach: 427-4700
West Palm Beach: 627-2277
Cemeteries Funeral Chapels Mausoleum Pre Need (tanning
I


-
.

Unhappy Political Realities
Encourage Strange Behavior
Continued from Page 1
ciencies in U.S. facilities.
However, an obvious example is
the U.S. Consulate building in
Jerusalem."
This is an old, graceful structure
dating from the Turkish Empire.
Today, scaffolding keeps the roof
from collapsing. This facility's
location only a few feet from the
street makes it a serious security
risk.
SAID LEHMAN: "U.S. Am
bassador Tom Pickering told me
that the U.S. Embassy in Tel Aviv
is in even worse shape. Only the
concern and diligence of Israeli In-
telligence services have prevented
a tragedy."
In Lehman's view, "The
deplorable condition of our em-
bassy and consulate underscores
the need to construct a new em-
bassy in Jerusalem in a protec-
table compound."
This raises the question of
American policy with respect to
the status of Jerusalem as Israel's
national capital a status the
United States does not accept and
that is symbolized by the U.S. em-
bassy in Tel Aviv.
But according to Rep. Lehman:
"An amendment sponsored by
Sen. Jesse Helms (R., N.C.) pro-
hibits the State Department from
spending funds on any U.S. em-
bassy in Israel that is not located
in Jerusalem, Israel'a capital."
SAID LEHMAN: "While I sup-
port the transfer of our embassy
from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, I do
not foresee a U.S. policy change
on this question until progress is
made on peace negotiations bet-
ween Israel and Jordan."
Referring to his discussions
with Ambassador Pickering, U.S.
Consul Morris Draper and top
Israeli leaders, Lehman
elaborated on what he
documented in his recent
Washington Report.
"The focus," he said, "was on
two new initiatives supported by
both the U.S. and Israel to
stimulate development on the
West Bank. First, the Jordanian
National Bank recently opened a
branch office on the West Bank.
At present, it makes only con-
sumer loans, but it will soon be ex-
panding into a full-service finan-
cial institution.
"Second, Congress has made
available to the government of
Jordan up to $15 million to sup-
port a Jordanian development
program to improve West Bank
roads, schools, clinics and utilities.
This year, the U.S. will provide $7
million for these projects."
ACCORDING to Lehman, while
both the U.S. and Israel support
these efforts with great en-
thusiasm, "no one believes they
will solve the problems on the
West Bank. Rather, the purpose is
to diminish PLO influence by
developing alternative leadership
and methods to improve the quali-
ty of life for West Bank Arabs."
Referring to a meeting he had
with Moshe Arens, a former
Israeli Ambassador to the United
States and a former Minister of
Defense, Lehman noted that
"Arens' office is in East
Jerusalem, which was in Jorda-
nian territory before the 1967
war.
"I was accompanied to his office
building by a high-ranking officer
from the U.S. embassy, but he re-
mained in the car in the parking
lot. In keeping with U.S. policy,
our diplomatic personnel are for
bidden to conduct business with
Israeli government officials in
East Jerusalem another exam-
ple of the strange ways of the Mid-
dle East.
r
Concluded Lehman: "Among
the subjects I discussed with
Arens was the Lavi jet-fighter,
which was developed by Israel
with U.S. economic support. Re-
cent test flights give reason for
optimism for the future. The Lavi
will make Israeli defense more
self-reliant, create new export op-
portunities, and develop Israeli
high-tech industries to help pre-
vent the country's most
knowledgeable and skilled resear-
chers and workers from pursuing
better opportunities elsewhere."
Shalom Memorial Gardens
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Phone 947-3331
ARTHURJACOBS
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Jewish Community, and he has a strong
desire to serve you.
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cemetery needs.
Friday, January 30, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 15
Israel Consul General Moshe Yagar speaks to
students before the annual University Service
Department Midyear Conference of the State
University of New York at a gathering
in
Long Beach, L.I. The conference updated
students on current Israeli issues. The Broad-
way play, 'Hanna Senesh' was staged as part
of the program.
French Say
Jews of Lebanon Should Flee Country
By EDWIN EYTAN
PARIS (JTA) The
Representative Council of
Major French Jewish
Organizations (CRIF) has
urged Lebanon's remaining
Jewish community to flee
the country at the earliest
possible moment to save
their lives. Fewer than 100
Jews are believed to remain
in Lebanon.
Roger Pinto, head of CRIF's
committee for imperiled Jewish
communities, made his plea a day
after a Shiite terrorist group in
Lebanon announced the "execu-
tion" of another Jewish hostage,
bringing to nine the number of
Lebanese Jews kidnapped and
murdered in less that two years.
THE LATEST victim has iden-
tified by the killers as Yehoudah
Benesti, 70, whose two sons,
Ibrahim and Youssuf, were slain
by the same group last year.
Pinto stressed that Lebanese
Jews "belong to no community"
as do Moslems and Christians,
"have no militias of their own and
do not enjoy the help or protection
of any foreign powers." Accor-
ding to Pinto, "They remain in
Lebanon because they love their
country," but the time has come
for them to flee.
Two Lebanese Jewish hostages
are believed here to be still alive.
They are Isaac Sasson, the former
president of the Lebanese Jewish
community, who was kidnapped
on March 31, 1985; and Selim
Jamous, the community's former
secretary, who was kidnapped
office on August 14,
from his
1984.
They are believed held by the
same extremist terrorist group
responsible for the murders of
Jews.
-POSITION WANTED"
Part Time Executive Director/Administrator
Programming
Leadership Training
Construction Programs
SKILLED IN:
Fundraising
Financial Planning
Membership
Motivation
Phase send Name and Phone # to:
Box WP c/o Jewish Floridian
P.O. Box 012973
Miami, Fla. 33101

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Page 16 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, January 30,1987
UIA Gets $25 Million Refugee
Settlement Grant From U.S.
Sharon Criticizes Unity Gov't.,
Says Leadership Is 'Paralyzed'
NEW YORK (JTA) The
United Israel Appeal has
received a U.S. government
refugee resettlement grant of
$25 million for 1987. This
grant, the latest to UIA since
1973, was again initiated by
Congress and is twice the
amount provided in 1986. The
announcement was made by H.
Irwin Levy, chairman of UIA's
U.S. Government Relations
Committee, at the organiza-
tion's recent Board of Direc-
tors meeting in New York
City.
Henry Taub, UIA's chair-
man, stated that thus far UIA
has received 12 refugee grants
totaling $310,077 million to
assist in the absorption of
refugees in Israel.
The grants, which are sup-
ported in both Houses of Con-
gress and in the State Depart-
ment and the White House,
reflect the U.S. government's
desire to link its support of
refugee resettlement in Israel
Waldheim Is
Blind To
His Past
By REINHARD ENGEL
VIENNA (JTA) President
Kurt Waldheim has suggested to
his fellow Austrians that their
country has a problem with its
past which "we have tried to sup-
press in recent years" and advised
them to learn from experience. He
also warned against evading the
past.
The President spoke at the
traditional New Year reception
for the diplomatic corps at the
Hofburg Palace. It was his first
allusion, since his election last Ju-
ly, to historical agents that con-
tinue to haunt Austria. He did not
intimate that his own personal
past was part of the problem.
Austrians, he said, "have had to
learn to live with more interna-
tional criticism than ever before.
We consider much of it unjust, but
we may have heard some ques-
tions that were justly asked. Many
things we have tried to suppress
in recent years have returned
even more intensely."
But "it is never too late to learn
from these experiences,"
Waldheim said. "We have learned
there is no collective guilt for a
people but there is such a thing as
a heavy common heritage which
no individual can evade. Only by
being ready to draw the conclu-
sions from this past do we have
the chance to master the problems
of today and tomorrow.
The reception was Waldheim's
first meeting with the U.S. Am-
bassador Ronald Lauder, who was
absent from Vienna when the
President was inaugurated.
Diplomats from all other Em-
bassies, except Israel's, were
present.
Israel has yet to replace its Am-
bassador, Michael Elizur, who
retired several months ago.
Jerusalem has made clear it does
not want an Israeli envoy to pre-
sent credentials to an Austrian
President whose Nazi past was ex-
posed during the election cam-
paign last summer.
Actress Cited
NEW YORK (JTA) -
Hadaasah honored actress Shelley
Winters and the Israeli design
firms of Gideon Oberson and Got-
tex at the fashion pageant here
Jan. 13 that launched the interna-
tional celebration of Hadasaah's
76th anniversary.
directly to the philanthropic
support of Israel by the
American Jewish community,
Taub said.
HE SAID that during the
same period the grants were
made, some $4 billion was
Jiven to Israel by American
ews to assist the country with
these immigration and absorp-
tion programs.
Taub called the grant pro-
gram "one of the most suc-
cessful such programs ever
funded by the U.S. govern-
ment." He pointed out that in
recent years the absorption of
Ethiopian Jews has been much
more costly than the absorp-
tion of any other group thus
far, thus justifying the need
for additional financial
support.
Levy said that the 1987
grant funds will be used for
relugee resettlement, as
follows: enroute care and
maintenance, transportation,
maintenance at absorption
centers, hostels and ulpanim,
maintenance at youth auya in-
stitutions, financial assistance
to the needy or handicapped,
maintenance and financial
assistance for students and for
vocational training, mainten-
ance at homes for the elderly,
and construction and/or ac-
quisition of apartments.
IRVING KESSLER, UIA's
executive vice chairman, in-
dicated that $125,000 of grant
funds will be allocated for the
support of a grassroots
organization of Ethiopian im-
migrants in Israel.
JERUSALEM (JTA) Ariel
Sharon sharply criticized the
Labor-Likud unity coalition
government in which he serves as
inister of Commerce and In-
dustry Sunday night and told a
rally of 2,000 members of his own
Herat Party that their leadership
was "paralyzed."
Sharon, an outspoken Likud
hardliner who advocates massive
Jewish settlement of the ad-
ministered territories, derided the
unity government on that issue.
He said this was the first year
since the 1967 Six-Day War that
no budget has been allocated to
purchase land in the territories.
Speaking at the Tel Aviv
Fairgrounds, he demanded the
sort of education that would make
Israeli youngsters proud Jews. He
decried the "slackening of convic-
tion (of Jews) over all of Eretz
Israel and the erosion of national
pride."
"This is what leads to the
weakening of the State more than
any security or economic pro-
blem," Sharon said.
The Tel Aviv Fairgrounds was
the site last March of an aborted
Herat convention. The convention
broke up in chaos as a result of a
power struggle for party leader-
ship between Yitzhak Shamir,
then Foreign Minister and Deputy
Premier, and Housing Minister
David Levy. Sharon s faction
aligned itself at the time with
Levy.
In his speech Sunday, Sharon
urged that the convention be
reconvened at the earliest mo-
ment to instill new life into the
Herat movement. "There is no
need to wait for another two mon-
ths," he said.
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