The Jewish Floridian of South Broward


Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Running title:
Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood
Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood
Added title page title:
Jewish Floridian of South County
Physical Description:
Fred Shochet
Place of Publication:
Hollywood, Fla


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Hollywood (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Broward County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Broward -- Hollywood


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 13, no. 23 (Nov. 11, 1983)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issue for July 7, 1989 called no. 11 but constitutes no. 13.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statement conflict: Aug. 4, 1989 called no. 14 in masthead and no. 15 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44513894
lccn - sn 00229542
System ID:

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Jewish Floridian
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Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood

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Full Text
. + ,.m .**
Volume 16 Number 29
Hollywood, Florida Friday, November 7, 1986
*) f/MIIWcW
Price 35 Cents
Red Cross
Bars Israel's
Magen David

The Rev. John McKniaht from Sydney,
Australia, went to Israel last week to trace
Mordechai Vanunu, the Israeli technician
dismissed from Israels atomic energy plant
in Dimona, and who subsequently sola Israel's
alleged nuclear weapons secrets to the British
newspaper, the Sunday Times. An Israeli
Prisons Service spokesman stated that
Vanunu 'is not being held in a Prisons Service
Said To Equate
All Religions
'Anne Frank' Ruling Spurs Protest
The Anne Frank Center
here has joined the moun-
ting national protest against
a Federal court ruling that
upheld the right of a group
of Christian fundamentalist
parents in Greeneville,
Term, to keep their children
out of the local public school
when "The Diary of Anne
Frank," among a long list of
other books, was read in
classrooms as
part of the
The decision by Judge Thomas
Hull on Oct. 24 that the parents
had the right to protect their
children from what they consider
"Godless" influences and teach
them to read at home, shocked
academic, legal, publishing and
religious circles all over the
"THE DIARY of Anne Frank,"
along with such classics as "The
Wizard of Oi," was found objec-
tionable by the parents because
they stress humanitarian values
and deem all religions to be of
equal value, an anathema to the
religious right. All of the books
cited in the case are part of a basic
reading series published by Holt,
Rinehart and Winston.
At a press conference at the
Netherlands Club here, the Anne
Frank Center stated that it "joins
with national and international
leaders to condemn attempts to
ban The Diary of Anns Frank'
and other books from public
Continued oa Page 11
International Red Cross
Movement appears to have
erected a permanent barrier
against recognition of
Israel's Magen David Adom
(Red Shield of David) as a
humanitarian agency by its
recent decision to change its
official title to the Interna-
tional Red Cross and Red
Crescent Movement. Israel
and Jewish organizations
have objected vigorously.
The Red Crescent is the Red
Cross equivalent in Moslem coun-
tries, just as the Magen David
Adom is in Israel. The decision to
incorporate the Red Crescent was
endorsed without a vote by
delegates from more than 120
governments and 137 national
societies attending the Interna-
tional Conference of the Red
Cross here, a quadrennial event.
PINHAS ELIAV, the Israel
government delegate, said restric-
tion of recognition to Christian
and Moslem emblems means that
Israel is excluded from the various
international societies which coor-
dinate aid for victims of natural
disasters and armed conflict all
over the world. He maintained
that the Magen David Adom,
which sent observers to the con-
ference, fulfills all criteria for full
membership, except for its
Israel has been seeking full
membership, to no avail, since the
Red Cross Movement was
reorganized in 1948-49, in the
aftermath of World War II. Eliav,
lodging a strong dissent from the
conference consensus, noted that
the six-pointed Star of David was
Contained on Page It-
Election Results
In the general election held Tuesday Bob Graham
emerged victorious for the Senate defeating Sen.
Paula Hawkins. Bob Martinez was elected governor to
the state of Florida, succeeding in his bid to become
Florida's second Republican governor since
The state lottery issue was passed overwhelmingly
with a 62 percent victory while the casino gambling
issue was defeated by a 70 percent no vote.
Others victorious in Tuesday's election were
Agriculture Commissioner Doyle Conner; Attorney
General Bob Butterworth; Comptroller Gerald Lewis;
Education Commissioner Betty Castor; Insurance
Commissioner Bill Gunter and Secretary of State
George Firestone.
Because of the heavy turnout, in some precincts as
much as 70 percent, some election results were slow in
coming in. In some instances results will not be deter-
mined until the absentee ballots have been counted.
Alon Ben-Gurion Addresses New
Leadership Professional
Division Of Israel Bonds
Guest speaker at the New
Leadership Professional Division
of State of Israel Bonds Cocktail
Reception, held Thursday, Nov. 6,
at Emerald Hills Country Club,
was Alon Ben-Gurion.
Ben-Gurion, grandson of
Israel's first Prune Minister,
David Ben-Gurion, was born in
Israel, served as Captain in the
Israel Defense Forces, was
wounded in the Yom Kippur War,
and is a graduate of Cornell
University and Tel Aviv Universi-
ty. He addressed attorneys, CPAs
and money managers in the com-
munity, and brought them up to
date on the business situation in
This was followed by a general
discussion of Israel Bonds for en-
dowment funds, and pension
plans. Ben-Gurion also spoke
about the year-long celebration of
his grandfather's 100th birthday,
sponsored by the David Ben-
Gurion Centennial Committee.
Aloa Bea-Garis*
To Iran?
All Say,
?We're Not
The allegations of U.S. of-
ficials' involvement in the
plan to sell $2.5 billion
worth of American weapons
to Iran have been met with
uniform denials by those of-
ficials or their
The allegations, presented in an
affidavit by defense attorney Paul
Grand in support of a joint motion
by attorneys in the case to dismiss
Continued on Page 6


Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, November 7, 1986
Interior Sec'y* Raps
Human Rights Status
In Soviet Union
The United States
Secretary of the Interior
Donald Hodel, speaking at a
ceremony to mark the 100th
birthday of the Statue of
Liberty here last week, said
freedom can only have
meaning when "all of the
spiritual brothers and
sisters of the Yuri Orlovs
and of the Anatoly Sharan-
skys once again can know
the God-given blessing of
Hodel delivered a scathing at-
tack on human rights conditions in
the Soviet Union on Liberty
Island with the newly-refurbished
Lady Liberty towering behind him
from her perch in the New York
He called on the Soviet Union to
"tell the world the truth about the
fate of that courageous
humanitarian, Raoul
Wallenberg," the Swedish
diplomat credited with saving
about 100,000 Hungarian Jews
and who was arrested by the
Soviets near the end of World
War II.
TO THIS day, rumors persist
that Wallenberg may still be alive,
imprisoned in the Soviet Union.
Since 1957, the Soviet govern-
ment has maintained that
Wallenberg died in Lubyanka
Prison in Moscow on July 17,1947
of a heart attack. But others
claimed to have sighted
Wallenberg in prison after that
Hodel also dedicated an empty
chair on the stage where
dignitaries were sitting to those
who could not share in this
celebration of freedom. "This
empty chair symbolizes the
millions and millions of people
throughout the world who yearn
for freedom for them the
Statue of Liberty's torch is not
lit," Hodel told the crowd of
several hundred people.
He focused on human rights
violations in the Soviet Union in
his speech and noted that the sub-
ject of human rights was at the
top of President Reagan's agenda
in Reykjavik although the con-
troversy over arms control over-
shadowed the importance of that
"Issues of good and evil aside,
we also should understand that
the Soviet government's
disregard of human freedom of its
own citizens directly affects
American self-interest," Hodel
aptly states when he assured us
and the masters of the Kremlin
that we are going to continue to
make an issue of the subject of
human rights, 'a government that
will break fiath with its own peo-
ple cannot be trusted to keep faith
with foreign powers.' "
Cantor Isaac Goodfriend of the
Holocaust Memorial Council par-
ticipated in the celebration of
Lady Liberty's centennial, sing-
ing the French and American na-
tional anthems and several other
patriotic songs. Representing the
Fvench government was Minister
of Culture and Communication
Francois Leotard, who also ad-
dressed the assembly.
Aim Ben-Gurion (left), grandson of David
Ben-Gurion, recently spoke at the Jewish
Museum in New York to kick off the year-long
celebration of his grandfather's 100th birth-
day. With him are New York City Coun-
cilman Stanley E. Michels (center) and Dr.
Benjamin Hirsch, executive director of the
David Ben-Gurion Centennial Committee,
sponsor of a series of events commemorating
David BenrGurion in the coming year. Aim
Ben-Gurion is visiting in Miami for Israel
Bonds this week.
5 Soviet Jews
Defended by Jewish Lawyer, Let Go
Five young Orthodox Jews
arrested in front of
Moscow's main synagogue
on Simchat Torah were
released after being defend-
ed by a Jewish lawyer who about $75.
lives in Paris and New York,
according to press reports
from Moscow.
The lawyer, Samuel Pisar, who
was in Moscow with a delegation
of the American Jewish Congress.
has had frequent dealings with the
Soviet Union.
The five identified as Sasha
Lieberov, Sasha Zhukov, Vladimir
Geyzel, Sasha Ilin and Konstan
Alexeiev were detained for
disturbing the peace and each fin-
ed 50 Rubles, the equivalent of
When you're not quite ready
to go home ...ive can help.
The Miami Jewish Home &
Hospital for the Aged at Douglas
Gardens now offers the finest
short-term rehabilitation available
the latest in rehabilitative and
diagnostic equipment and
individual therapy;
kosher meals and the lull
spectrum of social and medical
services of the Miami Jewish
professional, skilled care in our
new, separate 40-bed
rehabilitation center.
full courtesy privileges for private
At the Harold and Patricia Toppel
Rehabilitation Center...
THEY HAD been arrested im-
mediately after the departure of
writer Elie Wiesel, who was in
Moscow to arrange for Soviet par-
ticipation in a conference on non-
Jewish victims of the Holocaust,
to be held in Washington in
While there, the Nobel Peace
Prize recipient for 1986 also met
with Soviet Jewish refuseniks.
Wiesel had sought without suc-
cess to meet with Soviet leader
Mikhail Gorbachev and dissident
physicist Andrei Sakharov.
The Simchat Torah celebrations
in Moscow draw a large crowd
every year of Jews who do not
otherwise attend synagogue, and
it is the main Jewish event in the
Soviet Union. On this occasion,
Jews gather in front of the Choral
Synagogue and sing and dance in
the holiday's tradition.
THE FIVE who were arrested
were involved in a "tussle," accor-
ding to the press. Pisar reportedly
said two police cars drove slowly
down the street to disperse noisy
Pisar told the Dress that he was
called upon in his hotel by a group
of Jews who asked him to go to
the Kalinin Borough courthouse
where the five were to appear.
Pisar said that a crowd of about
100 relatives and friends of the
defendants had gathered in front
of the building. He told the press
that he wrote a note to court of-
ficials saying he was a lawyer
familiar with Soviet law and of-
fered his assistance.
PISAR SAID he was then per-
mitted to attend the police pro-
ceedings on the case. Under
Soviet law, police may administer
minor penalties. Pisar described
the Soviet magistrate as being
polite as she questioned the five
men and assessed the fines.
The arrests occurred as
Konstantin Kharchev, chairman
of the Soviet Council of Religious
Affairs, was visitng Simchat
Torah celebrations in New York
as the guest of the Appeal of Con-
science Foundation. In a press
conference recently, Kharchev
denied harassment of persons
engaging in religious activities.
Of the confluence of events,
Morris Abram, chairman of the
National Conference on Soviet
Jewry, told JTA: "It belies all of
the statements made by Mr. Khar-
chev that are designed to throw
sand in our eyes and obscure the
true facts. Mr. Kharchev s mis-
sion is one of disinformation; the
arrests are a Soviet reality."
Anti-Zionist Jews To Be 'Honored'
California-based author who
denies the validity of the
Holocaust and a
Massachusetts carpenter
are teaming up to create a
garden that they say will
honor "those Jews who
have spoken out against the
cult of Zionism ...'
We can help you come home.
For turther information, contact the Admitting Office at (305) 751-8626. ext 211 or write 151 NE 52rx) Street
Miami. r-L 33137
The Harold and ftatnoa Toppel Rehabilitation Center slunded m part by a grant tro/u the
Greater Miami Jewrch Federation
Dubbed a "Garden of Remem-
brance for Righteous Hebrews"
ton '8 8Chedul6!1 for oomf^-
HPen^^aZnn^un.^S D^aT^*^^"^
island of Martha's Vineyard Ac- carpenter who owns the wooded
of Technology and Rabbi Elmer
Berger, founder of the American
Jewish Alternatives to Zionism.
the most prolific purveyors in the
U.S. of articles denying the
veracity of the Holocaust, is in-
itiator of the project. He said itii
a means to "reciprocate the
generous spirit of Yad Vashem,
the Holocaust memorial ">
Jerusalem that features a garden
honoring "righteous gentiles
who saved Jews from the Nazis-
No sarcasm is intended in the
anti-Zionist garden, according to
cording to its organizers, it
honor 11 Jew8 known for
anti-Zionist activities.

sKy of the Massachusetts Institute
site on which the garden
"The Jews we have chosen are
brave people and deserve to be
honored," he told The Advocate.

"-.-A -
H%> t I i QI'IW
Hallandale Jewish Center
Honors Sol and Anne Kedson
Friday, November 7, 1986/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-HoUywood Page 3
AJCommittee Forum Nov. 18
The Hallandale Jewish Center
will hold a Salute to Israel
Breakfast, Sunday, Nov. 16 at
9:30 a.m. in the auditorium, an-
nounces Chairman Michael
Sol and Anne Kedson will be
honored for their service and ef-
forts on behalf of the Jewish com-
munity and will be presented with
the prestigious Israel Bonds "City
of Peace" award.
Howard Stone, author and ex-
pert on the Middle East will be the
keynote speaker. Host and spon-
sor for the breakfast is Dr. David
Bakst, in memory of his wife,
Sol and Anne Kedson
B'nai Zion Harry Matinsky Chapter 204
The Bnai Zion Harry Matinsky
Chapter No. 204 will hold a
Singles Dance and Social on
Saturday, at the Hallandale
Library News
GED (General Equivalency
Diploma) classes are held from 9
a.m. to 1:15 p.m., Tuesdays,
Wednesdays and Saturdays at the
Tamarac branch of the Broward
County Library System, 8601 W.
NcNab Road, Tamarac. For
details, call 726-4713.
Happenings Singles is having
an outstanding singles party on
Friday, November 14 at 9 p.m. at
the Diplomat Hotel. There will be
dancing, live band, continuous
hors d'oeuvres, gift drawings and
surprises. For more information
call Sharon Silver, 385-1255.
Pvt. David K. Warshavsky, son
of Robert M. Warshavsky and
Joyce Kent, both of Hollywood,
has graduated from the U.S. Ar-
my Signal Center's single channel
radio operator course at Fort Gor-
don, Ga.
Austria to
Recall Envoy
in Israel
Chancellor Franz Vranitzky
announced last Wednesday
(Oct. 29) that Austria will
recall its Ambassador in
Israel, Otto Pleinert, for con-
sultations over Israel's failure
to name a replacement for its
Ambassador to Austria,
Michael Elizur, who has
retired and left Vienna.
Vranitzky, speaking after a
ministerial council meeting,
said the move does not reflect
ill-feeling between the two
countries, but that Austria
wants to know exactly what
Israel's position is. He said
Pleinert had approached the
Foreign Ministry in Jerusalem
for an explanation and he is be-
ing called home to give a first
hand report for evaluation.
VRANITZKY would not
rule out the envoy's return to
Israel after reporting to the
Foreign Ministry here. He did
not say how Austria would
react if Israel decided not to
send a new Ambassador to
An Austrian radio report
from Jerusalem said Elizur
was still considered there to be
the Ambassador to Austria,
although the Israel Embassy
in Vienna is presently headed
by the Charge d'Affaires, Gi-
deon Yarden, on a temporary
Jewish Center at 8 p.m. They will
feature a coffee hour and music by
Roberta and Irving. Couples
welcome too. For information, call
741-1136 or 722-2811.
A day-long battle in east Beirut
in late September between Chris-
tian militia and Lebanese Army
troops loyal to President Amin
Gemayel and militiamen backed
by Syria left more than 50 people
killed and 200 wounded. One pro-
government figure, National
Liberal Party leader Daniel Cha-
moun, "expressed his hope that
the world would now see how
Lebanon is combatting Syrian ter-
rorism" (Voice of Lebanon, Sept.
27). Leaders of the anti-Gemayel
Christians, Elie Hobeika, said the
battle was only the beginning
(Beirut Radio, Oct. 1).
On Tuesday, Nov. 18 at 7:30
p.m., an interfaith community
forum will convene at the Sister
M. Innocent Hughes Education
and Conference Center in Fort
In keeping with the upcoming
bicentennial celebrations, the pro-
gram will focus on the subject of
"The U.S. Constitution and
Religious Pluralism Where Do
We Go From Here?"
The event is jointly sponsored
by the American Jewish Commit-
tee; Broward Chapter of the Na-
tional Conference of Christians
and Jews; and the Ecumenical-
Interfaith Commission of the
Catholic Archdiocese of Miami.
Cooperating in the effort are the
Ministerial Association of Fort
Lauderdale; NCCJ Clergy
Dialogue Group; and West
Broward Religious Leadership
Temple News
Fri eve. (Sanctuary) Shabbat
Service 8 p.m. Rabbi Rothberg
will speak "Have I Got a Deal for
You," Saturday 10:16 am. Torah
Study conducted by Rabbi
Rothberg. Shabbat Service 11
The Beth Shalom Players of
Temple Beth Shalom will be
holding their auditions for the
musical comedy "Anything
Goes." The dates are November 9,
11 and 12 at 7 p.m. and the audi-
tions will be held at Temple Beth
Shalom in the Assembly Hall. The
production will be directed by
Dolores Miller. Needed are
singers, tap dancers, actors,
backstage, painters, etc.
Everyone is welcome to attend.
Keynote addresses will be
presented by Mrs. Judith Banki,
National Associate Director of I n-
terreligious Affairs for AJC in
New York, and Dr. Stan Hastey,
Associate Executive Director of
the Baptist Joint Committee on
Public Affairs in Washington,
D.C. A panel of area clergy will
respond to the main speakers'
remarks and engage in a dialogue.
The panelists are: Monsignor
Bryan O. Walsh, Chairman,
Ecumenical-Interfaith Commis-
sion; Rabbi Kurt F. Stone,
Tamarac Jewish Center; and
Reverend Christian C. Spoor,
Christ Community Church, Pom-
pano Beach. Stephanie Stahl,
television news anchor and
reporter at WSVN-Channel 7, will
moderate the discussion.
A participant and speaker in the
ongoing series of National
Workshops on Christian-Jewish
Relations, Mrs. Banki is recogniz-
ed as one of the pioneers of
organized interfaith dialogue.
Dr. Hastey is a highly regarded
expert on the religion law aspects
of the First Amendment.
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Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-HoUywood/Friday, November 7,1986
Charges Pressed Against Orthodox Group
Jerusalem police said last Sun-
day they would press charges
against Rabbi EhV.u Abergil
who led a group of Orthodox
men in an attempt to disrupt
prayer services at a Reform
congregation in the Baka
suburb of Jerusalem on the eve
of Simchat Torah. He is also
charged with making threats
against the local Reform
The Jerusalem Police chief
said that accounts of violence
at the incident were much ex-
aggerated. Minister of
Religious Affairs Zevulun
Hammer, nevertheless,
ordered an inquiry. According
Round Two of National Unity
Israel's government of national unity described at its forma-
tion two years ago by detractors and supporters alike as a recipe
for national paralysis reaches the half-way point with a record
of surprising longevity and accomplishments. The rotation of of-
fices between Prune Minister Shimon Peres and Foreign Minister
Yitzhak Shamir took place Oct. 14. The unity government became
necessary after the 1984 election, in which the electorate denied
both Peres' center-left Labor alignment and Shamir's center-
right Likud coalition the votes to govern without the support of
the other.
For the past two years the forced combination of Labor and
Likud, plus several smaller, mostly religious parties, has survived
a succession of major and minor crises. Some were caused by out-
side events, some by members of the government.
Reagan Administration officials and the Israeli public alike
have given national unity high marks. In fact, consistent and
strong public support for the government under Peres has check-
ed the impulse of some politicians in both major parties to use a
crisis to bring down the government and force early elections. No
one wanted to risk being seen as an opportunist willing to
sacrifice popular policies.
Polls consistently show that the Israeli public endorsed the ac-
tions of the Peres-led Cabinet. These included the successful fight
against rampant inflation, the military withdrawal from Lebanon,
improved and smoother relations with the United States,
and diplomatic efforts to revive the peace with Egypt and, if
possible, expand it to other Arab countries. If many, especially
Likud supporters, were skeptical of the latter, they as well as
Labor voters appreciated the positive effect Israel's peace cam-
paign had on the country's international standing. And Peres'
conciliatory style seemed to lessen the divisiveness of domestic
Israeli politics as well.
Many expect the general approach followed successfully by
Peres to continue under Shamir, despite the gulf in political
ideology. And some of the same people who anticipated a short,
ineffectual life for the unity government two years ago now
believe it will continue another year or more and perhaps reach
the end of its mandate 25 months from now. As both Peres and
Shamir have pointed out, the same S3 basic guidelines which
outlined policy since the fall of 1984 remain in force.
Melvin Friedlander, director of George Mason University's
Center for Middle East Studies in suburban Washington, D.C.,
put it negatively: "The same pressures which prevented Labor
from doing many of the things it wanted to will prevent Likud
from doing what it wants whether on settlements, the peace
process, or other areas ... The only thing which would tear it (the
unity government) apart might be how to handle a Jordanian
peace initiative."
An Israeli academic analyst currently in Washington agreed
that a legitimate proposal from Amman might provoke a split bet-
ween Labor and Likud over how to respond. That could bring
down the government and force early elections. But a Jordanian
initiative appears unlikely "if it's true that King Hussein has
basically given up on the possibility of doing anything in the short
run and is working on a long-range effort to change the balance of
power between Jordan and the PLO in the territories."
The analyst said that Peres will remain committed to the rota-
tion concept with Shamir as Prime Minister because such a stance
will reinforce his credibility as a statesman. His leadership as
Prime Minister already did much to erase an earlier wheeler-
dealer image. Peres has vowed to continue pursuing his idea for
peace while Foreign Minister, even if some in Likud object.
However, in Israeli politics the Prime Minister and Defense
Minister tend to set the agenda, and the Foreign Minister has no
direct control over developments in the territories, the analyst
Unlike Peres, who has sought to make the "Jordan option"
workable, Shamir stresses the autonomy proposals for the West
Bank and Gaza Strip outlined in the Camp David Accords. Rabin
would be "slightly more reluctant" to assist Jordan's goals in the
territories under Shamir than be had been under Peres. If Peres
sees no opportunity to expand the Arab-Israeli peace, he might
turn his diplomatic activism toward Africa, Eastern European
countries, the Soviet Union and even China. "And given Peres'
preocupation with technology, this might tie into efforts to im-
prove relations with Japan," the analyst said.
An Israeli official commented that "if there is any change, it
will be in style, not substance ... Both parties will still have pari-
ty and no decision can be taken without the other side."
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to the police, Abergil is
suspected of having violated
Article 171 of the Criminal
Code. If convicted he could
face up to three years in
prison, Abergil was released
on bail.
escalated the ongoing con-
troversy in Israel over
freedom of worship for all and
religious extremism. Rabbi
Richard Hirsh, head of the
Progressive (Reform) move-
ment in Israel, said that pro-
tection of minority rights was
the essence of democracy.
But Sephardic Chief Rabbi
Mordechai Eliahu said on a
radio interview that while he
abhorred and condemned
violence of any kind, he oppos-
ed freedom of worship if that
meant equality for all branches
of religion.
Hammer, leader of the Na-
tional Religious Party, stated
that he favored complete
freedom and protection for
private worship but was
against "importing problems,"
meaning apparently the
pluralism of Judaism that
prevails in the U.S. and other
countries. Israel recognizes
and supports only the Or-
thodox branch.
charges that he hurled abuse
at the Reform worshippers
and that he and his supporters
resorted to force to wrest
Torah scrolls from them.
Eyewitness accounts of the
events at the Kol Haneshama
congregation that Friday
night said "Abergil and his
followers entered the com-
munity center gymnasium
where services were being
held. At first they iust watch-
ed. Then, two of the younger
intruders asked to dance with
the Torah scrolls and attemp-
ted to grab them. When they
failed, Abergil began scream-
ing invectives at the congrega-
tion, calling them evil and cor-
rupt. He said they made the
synagogue into a house of
gregations this Sabbath.
IN NEW YORK, Alexander
Schindler, president of the
Union of American Hebrew
Congregations, the Reform
movement, said Sunday: "The
attempt by ultra-Orthodox ex-
tremists to disrupt a joyous
celebration of Simchat Torah
in a Reform synagogue in Holy
City of Jerusalem fills us with
profound sadness,
demonstrating as it does the
fanatic and unremitting effort
of certain groups to impose, by
force if necessary, their view
of. how other Jews should wor-
ship the Almighty. We are
grateful to the Jerusalem
police for pressing charges
against the perpetrators and
to the Minister of Religious Af-
fairs for ordering an investiga-
tion into this reprehensible
PLO: At Home in Washington
At a time when the United States is urging action against inter-
national terrorism, the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)
continues to operate an office in the nation's capital. But
Washington's hospitality toward the PLO may be running out as
Congress and the Justice Department investigate the Palestine
Information Office's (PIO) activities.
In documents filed with the Justice Department, the informa-
tion office states that it is wholly supported by the PLO. LaBt
year, the PIO received $280,000 from the PLO to "bring the
views of the Palestinian people ... to the attention of the
American people as well as to government officials throughout
the U.S."
The office disseminates publications, arranges speaking tours
and meets with foreign diplomats, mostly from Arab and East
European countries. Last year, PIO staff members conducted
their first meetings with Congressmen on Capitol Hill.
A State Department spokesman defended the operation of the
PIO office saying that it may engage in diplomatic activity as long
as it is registered as a foreign agent and staffed by permanent
residents of the United States. The same activities, performed by
non-U.S. residents working as diplomats, would be illegal since
the United States does not recognize the PLO.
The Senate recently adopted a measure introduced by Sen.
Frank Lautenberg (D., N.J.) directing the Justice Department to
investigate whether the PIO is in full compliance with the Foreign
Agents Registration Act (FARA). Although the office has been
open since 1978, the Justice Department, which oversees the ac-
tivities of foreign agents in the United States, has never con-
ducted an on-site evaluation of the PIO's activities.
Speaking to the Conference of Presidents of Major American
Jewish Organizations recently, Attorney General Edwin Messe
revealed that the Justice Department already has begun to look
into charges that the PIO might be engaged in activities for which
it is not registered. Should the investigation reveal that the PIO is
acting in violation of FARA, its continued operation would be call-
ed into question .
The renewed interest in the PIO follows two hearings con-
ducted earlier this year by the Senate Subcommittee on Security
and Terrorism. Subcommittee Chairman Sen. Jeremiah Denton
(R., Ala.) called the sessions to examine the role of Yasir Arafat
and the PLO in international terrorism and to explore how the
United States can respond.
In his opening remarks, Denton decried the PLO's "cult of
righteous violence" and asked committee members to assess how
Arafat can be made accountable for his actions through the "full
weight" of U.S. resources and international law.
Throughout the hearing, Denton called for tighter control of
PLO activity in the United States in order to prevent the terrorist
organization from "building a terrorist infrastructure and expan-
ding their propaganda machine within this country." A Justice
Department witness said he could not assure the committee that
"any and all (PIO office) activities are legal."
Testifying before the committee, Lautenberg expressed his con-
cern that the PIO office in Washington might be used as a base for
terrorism and urged that it be registered under the Voorhis Act, a
statute applied to organizations which engage in civilian military
activity and advocate the violent overthrow of a government. The
act would require the PLO to disclose the full extent of its opera-
tions and funding. Citing reports that the PLO offices in Europe
have been used in planning terrorist attacks, Lautenberg said:
"The fear that this Washington office could be used as a base for
terror is not farfetched ... We should not take that chance."
In El Salvador
Press Gratified by Israeli Aides' Good Work
A two-member Israeli
rescue team that went to El
from El Salvador last week.
The two men stayed in San
Salvador, the capital of El
Salvador to help the Victims Salvador and the city hit hardest
of the devastating earth- Dv ,*?. quake, for three days
Friday, November 7,1986
Volume 16
Number 29
auake there Oct. 10 said
ley "encountered scenes of
terrible destruction and
human agony.
Many efforts were made to save
trapped children, men and women
under the rubble caused by the
earthquake but many people
are still trapped and in urgent
need of help, if they are still
described by Col. (Res.) Gavriel
Rappaport, a former head of the
Israel Defense Force rescue unit,
and Moshe Rubin, an agronomist
who established the Israel Agency
to Save Human Lives, in an inter-
view'with the Jewish Telegraphic
Agency upon their arrival here
evaluating the rescue efforts of
teams from various countries and
those from El Salvador and advis-
ing the authorities on how to
streamline the efforts to save
more lives. More than 1,000 peo-
ple were reported killed in the
Rappaport said he gained a vast
knowledge of how to help disaster
victims during his army service
that included rescue efforts of
Israeli soldiers trapped in a
building in Tyre, Lebanon, after a
gas container exploded and
destroyed the building.
MORE THAN 70 soldiers and
30 Arab terrorists who were being
1 in a detention area in the
building were killed and scores of
Israelis were burned in that 1983
disaster. Rappaport also par-
ticipated in rescue efforts follow-
ing the 1985 earthquake in Mexico
and September's earthquake in
The two Israeli volunteers arriv-
ed in El Salvador with a half ton
of medical supplies for the earth-
quake victims sent by the Israeli
"Upon our arrival we received a
letter from the Salvadoran
authorities and a pass permit to
the devastated areas. The rescue
efforts there were going slowly.
In many cases there was lack of
proper equipment, such as heavy
bulldozers and cranes to clear the
nibble and free the trapped vic-
tims," Rubin said.
The effort of the Israeli team,
however small in size, did not go
unnoticed. The picture of the two
appeared in the El Salvador daily
Continued on Pace 10

Friday, November 7, 1986/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-HoUywood Page 5
Tradition: What Happened To It in Spanish Weddings?
Aryeh Benzacquan, a young
rabbinical student, always knew
that when it came tune for him to
marry he would do it right in
Benzacquan's case that meant a
ceremony conducted according to
the customs of the Jews of
Spanish Morocco, with all the
For his bride, the Tangiers-born
Benzacquan, an active member of
the Spanish Moroccan
Genealogical Society in Israel,
chose a daughter of Spanish
Morocco. "Mercedes comes from
Tetuan, a town 60 kilometers
from Tangiers so renowned for its
piety that it was called 'little
Jerusalem,' says Benzacquan.
In an uncharacteristic depar-
ture from tradition, the bride and
groom met on the campus of Bar-
Ilan University where they were
both students. In Spanish Moroc-
co, marriages were generally ar-
ranged by the parents, and the
couple saw little of each other un-
til they got to the chupah. "My
father told me that the only time
the couple could meet was at the
havdala ceremony at the close of
the Sabbath."
BUT ONCE THEY decided to
make it official, the Benzacquans
conformed strictly to the old
ways, which date from pre-
Inquisition Spain. The official
merrymaking began on the Sab-
bath preceding the wedding. "On
this Sabbath, known as the Sabt
ed Rai, or the Sabbath of royalty,
the bride's family welcomes the
groom's family into their home to
formalize the union between the
two families," explains Benzac-
quan, a custom which signals the
beginning of a long week of
feasting and celebration.
The next step on the road to the
chupah is the Berveriska, or hen-
na ceremony, which takes place at
the bride's home upon her return
from the ritual bath. Dressed in
the traditional gold embroidered
velvet gown and elaborate conical
cap, the bride is accompanied by
female friends and relatives to the
mitcva. She comes home to a gala
party at which special songs are
sung in Hebrew praising her beau-
ty and virtue.
A Yemenite Jewish couple at their 'henna' celebration.
"In old Morocco, this night used
to be called 'the night of the con-
tract,' because on this night the
bride presented her dowry," ex-
plains Benzacquan. Today,
however, the evening has lost its
legal meaning. "My bride came to
me without a dowry," confesses
the young rabbi to be.
IN MOROCCO, this evening
was also an occasion to honor
community notables, particularly
the members of the Chevra
Kadisha, or burial society. "At
the celebration, the members of
the Chevra Kadisha would hold
onto the bride's conical cap and
lead her into a room of singing
guests," says Benzacquan. "Then
her father would come to bless
On the next day, the wedding
ceremony took place. According
to the custom of the Sephardim,
or Spanish and Portuguese Jews,
the couple prepared themselves
for this awesome event, not by
fasting and prayer but by partak-
ing in sweet foods and delicacies.
"In Spanish this is called adulsar
a boca, 'a sweet mouth is an omen
for a sweet life,'" explains the
portly Benzacquan.
Because the groom is con-
sidered like a king on his wedding
day, he annoints himself in a
special, perfumed bath of
rosewater and rose petals. "In old
Morocco, the groom's friends
prepared the bath for him and ac-
companied him to the bathhouse
with song and rejoicing," explains
Benzacquan. In modern Israel,
however, Benzacquan's friends
led him only as far as the shower.
Toward late afternoon, the cou-
ple proceed to the synagogue
where a special prayer service is
held in their honor. They take
their seats inside a special chupah
called a trono, or throne. The
trono is literally a small sukkah
constructed from Torsh scroll
coverings (parochot) and covered
with a white cloth. It is held
together on four silk and flower
covered poles. Contrary to
Ashkenazi custom, the couple ex-
periences the ceremony sitting
down. "Why should they stand tf
they are royalty," says
In contrast to the levity of the
preceding days, the mood at the
wedding ceremony is heavy and
solemn. "At my wedding
Coatiaoed on Page t-
'Shalom Sesame'
Violinist Perlman, Actress Franklin Inaugurate Latest TV Series
NEW YORK It's a long way
from "Sesame Street" to Israel.
But Bert and Ernie, Grover, and
Kermit the Frog have packed
their bags, waved "Shalom," and
made the trip. Along with travel
companions such as Kippy ben
Kipod, an oversized Hebrew-
speaking porcupine, and Moshe
Oofnik, an Israeli grouch, the
"Sesame Street" gang has
teamed-up with world-renowned
violinist Itzhak Perlman and
American television and Broad-
way star Bonnie Franklin to host
the first five episodes of "Shalom
Sesame", a new aeries which
adapts the best of Israeli "Sesame
Street" for American audiences.
Produced by the Children's
Television Workshop (CTW),
alphabet and teaches his daught-ir
the Hebrew letter "Bet."
Audiences will travel with
Franklin as she visits her first
Kibbutz and learns from its
members about their unique com-
munal way of living and working.
With a young Yemenite friend
named Ofira as her guide, Bonie
Moshe Oojtiick is the grxmch
on new 'Sesame Street' takeoff.
World renowned violinist Itzhak Perlman
nhares the 'stags' with Kippy ben Kipod, an Another 'Shalom Sesame' character is Moshe
oversized Hebrew-speaking porcupine. Oofhick, an Israeli grouch.
creators of "Sesame Street,"
"Shalom Sesame" explores the
rich diversity of Israel's people,
places, traditions, and culture.
FROM A STREET cafe in Tel
Aviv, to the amphitheatre in
Caesaria, to Kibbut Ein Gedi near
the Dead Sea and the Shuk (Arab
Market) in Jerusalem, American
audiences will travel with
Perlman, a native-born Israeli,
and Franklin, a first-time tourist,
as they explore the sites and
sounds of Israel.
In one scene, Perlman, who
grew up in Tel Aviv, sits in a
street cafe on Dizengoff (.'el
Aviv's Fifth Avenue) with two
young Israeli friends, reminiscing
about his childhood. In another
scene, he introduces the Hebrew
visits the old and new cities of
Jerusalem, experiencing the blen-
ding of different cultures and
traditions. Highlighted are an ex-
cursion to the Jerusalem Theatre,
a trip to Mea Shearim, a religious
neighborhood, and a visit to the
Shuk. In another scene, Kippy
visits the Knesset (Israel's Parlia-
ment) in session.
children, "Shalom Sesame,"
through its unique blend of
American and Israeli culture, can
provide a sense of belonging to
their Jewish heritage while being
a part of American culture. Most
important, "Shalom Sesame"
presents American audiences with
Continued on Pmg 9

Pige 6 The Jewish Floridiap of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, November 7,1966
Arms to Iran?
All Say, 'We're Not Involved'
Continued from Page 1
the charges, indicate that U.S. of-
ficials debated and eventually ap-
proved the sale of American
weapons by several of the defen-
dants to Cyrus Hashemi, a
government informant who
presented himself as a weapons
buyer for the Iranian government.
The affidavit named Vice Presi-
dent George Bush, Marine Corps
commandant Gen. P. X. Kelley
and Defense Secretary Caspar
Weinberger among those officials
with whom the defendants had
GRAND, the attorney for
defendant Samuel Evans, also
claimed in his affidavit that there
was a general policy debate within
the Administration over the
possibility of approving covert
arms sales to Iran.
With the indictment of four
Israelis in the case, the Israeli
government was faced with ques-
tions about reported Israeli sales
of American weapons to Iran. The
Israeli government denies the
reports and has disassociated
itself from the defendants in this
case, although several defendants
claimed the Israeli government
was fully aware of their involve-
ment in alleged negotiations to
sell weapons to Iran.
Prosecuting Attorney Lorna
Schofield had no comments to the
JTA on the affidavit except to say
she had filed papers in response to
the motion to dismiss charges.
Those papers are not presently
available in the public court record
of the case.
American government officials
responded to the allegations
against them with denials and
reiterations of American policy on
arms sales to Iran.
spokesman Don Kaufman told the
JTA, "The U.S. is neutral in the
war. We do not ship arms to either
de and do not grant licenses to
ship arms from other countries."
Kaufman explained the U.S.
ban on weapons sales to Iran, say-
ing, "Iran is intransigent in ef-
forts to bring the war to an end.
We are opposed to any arms going
to Iran."
Vice President Bush's
spokesman Stephen Hart '.old the
JTA, "Allegations that (Bush) had
;i r.)le in this are ridiculous the
Vice President had no role in
Egypt Hails
Egypt has congratulated Premier
YiUhak Shamir on the assumption
of his new office. A letter last
Monday (Oct. 27) from Egyptian
Vice Premier and Foreign
Minister Esmet Abdel Meguid
wished the Israeli leader good
health and success and expressed
hope that the "progress made so
far between Egypt and Israel will
be a solid basis for a comprehen-
sive peace to encompass all the
partners in the area."
The message arrived a week
after similar good wishes were ex-
tended by Cairo to outgoing
Premier Shimon Peres who took
office as Vice Premier and
Foreign Minister after the rota-
tion of power in Israel's unity
coalition government. Observers
here said the tune lag reflected
Egypt's doubts about Shamir,
given Likud's hardline policies on
the Palestinian issue.
But Shamir himself, it was
reported from reliable sources, ex-
pects a marked improvement in
bilateral relations between Israel
and Egypt once arbitration of
their Taba border dispute gets
underway in Geneva in December.
this." Hart said he could not res-
pond to questions about a general
policy debate within the Ad-
ministration over covert arms
sales to Iran.
Marine Corps spokesman Maj.
Anthony Rothfork said Gen.'
Kelley is aware of the investiga-
tion and the allegations concern-
ing him but does not know
anything about the case itself.
Rothfork said Kelley does not
know the defendants John de la
Roque or Bernard Veillot, who
stated repeatedly on the tapes
that they were in contact with
Kelley. Rothfork said Kelley was
not involved in any decision on
selling American arms to Iran
through the defendants. Kelley
himself was not available for
A PENTAGON spokesman
gave similar responses to ques-
tions of involvement of Pentagon
officials and said they could not
comment on a case still in
Prior to the overthrow of the
Shah of Iran in 1979, America
considered Iran a critical ally in
the region. The 1979 hostage
crisis effectively severed official
U.S. relations with the present
day regime and cut off all arms
Officially, until today the U.S.
government maintains a hard-line
stance on Iran: no diplomatic rela-
tions, no weapons and that means
no licenses for resale of American
weapons by other countries.
The Israelis pledged to stop
such shipments in 1979 when the
U.S. charged they were under-
mining the government's at-
tempts to block the sale of all
American weapons to Iran
followng the seizure of the
hostages at the American em-
bassy in Teheran.
Israeli Consul spokesman in
New York Baruch Binah told the
JTA that Israel fulfilled certain
"contracts" with Iran until 1981
and Iran paid for thsoe goods.
SINCE 1981, Israel has never
acknowledged any Bales of
American arms to Iran. Israeli
leaders Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon
Peres on recent visits to the
United States were questioned
repeatedly by the press on these,
reports of arms sales and
categorically denied government
involvement in each instance.
In the most recent press reports
in September, the Danish Sailors'
Union announced it had evidence
of Israeli shipments of thousands
of tons of American-made
weapons to Iran aboard Danish
ships. The Israeli government has
denied the newest charges, also.
Shortly after the arrests of the
four Israelis in Bermuda, in-
vestigators discovered that Gen.
Avraham Bar-Am carried a letter
authorizing him to seek out buyers
for Israeli military exports in-
cluding weapons and technology.
THE LETTER, however, as
Israeli officials hastened to note
did not authorize Bar-Am to
negotiate arms deals and
specifically not the deal alleged in
this case. Binah said Bar Am is "a
private person acting on his own"
and "had a license to deal in arms,
not to break any laws."
Defense lawyers interviewed by
the JTA said they expect the ques-
tions of American and Israeli of-
ficial involvement to be central
issues in the trial scheduled for
late this month.
Jay Maxur (left), president of the ILGWU and vice president of
the American ORT Federation; Sam Fine, manager-secretary of
Local 91-105 and Chairman of the American Labor ORT; and
Rita Schneider joined in the recent dedication of the new Edward
Schneider Classroom at the ORT School of Engineering in
Jerusalem. The classroom will memorialize Eddie Schneider,
former chairman of American Labor ORT and American ORT
Federation treasurer, in which capacity he piaffed a leading role
in guiding the international ORT network of vocational and
technical schools providing education to 158,000 students in 17
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Italians Who Protected Jews
Friday, November 7, 1986/the Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hoilywood Page 7
A Jewish Holocaust sur-
vivor who was rescued by
Italian soldiers shared his
story with the Italian Am-
bassador to the United
States and the American
Jewish Committee here last
week to illustrate the com-
passion and
humanitarianism of the
Italians who rescued and
protected Jews during
World War H.
Ivo Herzer, whose family was
smuggled into Italian-occupied
territory in 1941 with the help of
Italian soldiers, recounted his ex-
perience at a ceremony honoring
the Italian Ambassador, Rinaldo
Petrignani, at AJCommittee
"deeply moved" by Herzer's
dramatic account, which he said
he heard for the first time at the
ceremony. "Now I know you and
your story and I will never forget
it," Petrignani said.
The AJCommittee presented
Petrignani with a lithograph
depicting a white dove inscribed
with Shalom in Hebrew and
English in deep gratitude "for
assistance given by unknown and
known Italians who risked their
lives" to rescue Jews.
The ceremony came just two
weeks before a major conference
is scheduled to convene at Boston
University Nov. 6-7 to discuss
scholarship and first-hand ac-
counts of the little known but
dramatic chapter of Holocaust
history, the Italian rescue of Jews.
Achievement Awards
(JTA) Leonard and Bernard
Shapiro, chairman and president,
respectively, of the Familian
Corp., have received the Major
Achievement Award at the Trade
Awards Dinner sponsored by the
government of Israel and the
American-Israel Chamber of
After being presented with the
lithograph, Petrignani said, "I ac-
cept (it) with humility, with deep
feeling and also with a sense of
sadness because we all know that
all this should never, never have
happened." He added that he ac-
cepted the honor on behalf of "the
unknown Italians who are really
the recipients."
"THIS STORY has to be
known and it has to be told,"
Petrignani said. "The Italians
who rescued Jews did not do it out
of a lofty ideological conviction,"
he said, "but in the name of
sincere, basic human solidarity."
The rescue of the Jews is "a
history of which we can be pro-
ud." Petrignani acknowledged
some persecution of Jews and
discrimination under the fascist
regime of Benito Mussolini, but
said "the persecution in Italy was
not comparable to what happened
in Germany."
Petrignani said the Italian peo-
ple rejected the discrimination
and that those policies had
"alienated the Italian people."
"There was help and denunciation
at the same time," he said. "But
the Italians showed solidarity and
human compassion."
Herzer shared a brief account of
his family's experience with the
Italian Ambassador and members
of the AJCommittee and the Na-
tional Italian-American Founda-
tion who attended the ceremony.
Herzer and his family lived in
the capital of Croatia, Zagreb,
when Italy, Germany, Hungary
and Bulgaria occupied Yugoslavia
in April, 1941. About 70,000 Jews
lived in pre-war Yugoslavia and
about half came under the
vehemently anti-Semitic rule of
the Ustasha, the Croatian fascist
party, during the occupation.
Herzer's family was among those
who found themselves in the
Croatian-ruled territory and
decided to attempt an escape to
the Italian occupied zone.
ON July 30, 1941, Herzer and
his family left home with fake
travel documents and boarded a
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train for Spalato, the capital of
Dalmatia occupied by the Italians.
But guerrillas had blown up part
of the railroad tracks and the
family was forced to disembark in
a town called Gospic, a stronghold
of Croatian fascists.
As he exited the train, Herzer
saw a long line of Jewish families
in chains wearing yellow badges
being marched off to a Croatian
concentration camp. Quite by
chance, Herzer's father met a
small group of Italian soldiers
near the home where the family
hid after the aborted escape. He
managed to convey to the soldiers
that he was part of a group of
Jewish refugees who feared for
their lives.
The sergeant reassured
Herzer's father that he would ob-
tain permission to put the
refugees on a train to Italy. The
sergeant never got that permis-
sion. But late that same night, he
brought a small contingent of
Italian soldiers to the hideout and
escorted the refugees to the train
station. The soldiers even carried
their luggage.
THE REFUGEES boarded an
Italian Army train, where the
sergeant remained by their side.
They were served food and drink.
The sergeant saw to it that his
refugees arrived safely in Fiume,
Italy, where he beseeched the
authorities to care for the Herzer
family. Then he left. Herzer never
knew his name.
Sadly, the Italian authorities
turned back the refugees and
Herzer's family was sent back to
Zagreb, where the Ustasha had,
just one day after their departure,
come to take them off to a concen-
tration camp and then occupied
their apartment.
The family escaped a second
time to Susak, near Fiume, where
they hid from authorities. After a
few weeks, the Italian police
discovered the refugees, but
released them one day later. They
were taken to the town of Cir-
quenizza, and there the top of-
ficials of the Fifth Corps of the Se-
cond Army promised tie refugees
protection and freedom to the
degree that was possible in those
Later the Herzers
refugees were put into internment
camps in Italian territory but
and other
re put
were free to study, worship in a
camp synagogue and organize
themselves in any way. Herzer
completed his high school educa-
tion within an Italian camp.
particular experiences from that
time which he said illustrated the
deep-felt humanitarianism and
compassion of the Italians
towards the Jews.
On Yom Kippur, October 1,
1941, the military authorities in
Cirquenizza lifted martial law and
prohibitions on public assembly to
allow the Jews to hold Yom Kip-
pur services in a school.
A few months later, just before
Christmas, 1941, an Italian ver-
sion of the USO visited the town
and the commander of the Army
unit there invited the Jewish
refugees to the show. The Jews,
the only civilians invited to the
show, were seated in the first row
and told they were the guests of
About 15 percent of Croatian
Jews survived because they crow-
ed into the Italian occupation
zone, Herzer said. "In those
years, when Europe abandoned us
Italy was our true homeland,"
Herzer said. All historians and
survivors "agree that the basic
motivation for this was the Italian
humanitarianism," he said.
Herzer's experiences have im-
pelled him to organize the
testimonies and scholarly work on
Italian rescues of Jews during the
Holocaust. The culmination of his
efforts will come at the Nov. 6-7
conference in Boston which he wifl
chair. Conference organizers said
they hope to produce a book based
on the interchanges at the

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day poolslde Totally redecorated and beautifully refurbished dWrtaroorn
flew gourmet cuisine under the direction of Mr. Mickey Mortal OtyaM
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Plus Special Holiday features:
Cocktail parties Big name entertainment
Welcome fruit basket and bottle of wine
Kosher Travel Plan/Winter 8f Passover Packages at thai
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AH rales are per person, bawd on double occupanc* moderate gam I

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medical supplies for the
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Page 8 Th; Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, November 7, 1986
A Place
to Love Life
1 .
New beginnings start here.
Activity, friendship, service and luxury. These
are the beginnings awaiting you at Northpark, a
beautiful new adult rental community where
every detail has been planned for your comfort
and peace of mind, including:
Luxurious One and Two-Bedroom apartments.
Social/recreational activities. ,
Extensive indoor and outdoor recreational and
physical fitness facilities.
Elegant dining,
illness Center.
Chauffeured scheduled limousine service.
Weekly housekeeping and laundry service.
Shopping service and delivery.
Beauty and Barber shop.
The Market Place for snacks and sundries.
Complete Security System with emergency
medical response units.
Prime Hollywood location.
No entry or endowment fee.
Rent from $1450.
These are just a few of the features that make life
carefree at Northpark. By Levitt Retirement
Communities, Inc., a subsidiary of Levitt
Corporation, one of Americas oldest and best
known names in community development.
Northpark rental office is open daily 10 to 5
at 3490 Sheridan Street in Hollywood. Take 1-95
to Sheridan Street, then west to Northpark.
(305) 963-0200.Toll-free 1-800-346-0326
NOKTliRUtK Levitt Retirement Communities, Inc.
3490 Sheridan Street
Hollywood, FL 33021
Yes, I am interested in learning more about Northpark,
the prestigious adult rental community in Hollywood.
Phone No. i___L
State .
Levitt Retirement Communities, Inc.
r ^

Friday, November 7, 1986/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 9

Candle Lighting Time
Nov. 7 5:18 p.m.
Broadway and television star Bonnie
Franklin will team up with violinist Itzhak as he *H* with v..j. v- -
Perlman to host the first five episodes of Dizelu^ff V^JS^ m I 8 'Sesame Street'
Set To Appear in Israeli Version
Continued front Page 5
the side of Israel often over-
shadowed by evening newscasts:
the Israel which blends an ancient
and modern culture, beautiful
landscapes and rich traditions,
and the Israel of warm friends,
neighborhood, and tolerance.
Family Magazine has also been
created for children and their
parents in order to reinforce and
extend the curriculum goals of the
series. Produced with the same
high standards set by CTW's
other publications such as the
"Sesame Street" and "3-2-1 Con-
tact" magazine, the full-color,
brightly-designed, 40-page
magazine has been conceived,
written, edited, and designed by
the very best of CTW's creative
staff, with the assistance of Israeli
photographers, artists, and
Jewish educational advisers.
The major purpose of the
magazine is to provide a bridge
between American and Israeli
children, and make "Shalom
Sesame's" transition from Israel
more meaningful to American
non-Hebrew speaking audiences.
Related activities, stories and
games can reinforce what was
presented on the programs or,
perhaps, more important, enable
parents and their children to ex-
plore together the culture, tradi-
tion, and language presented in
the series, even after the viewing
is over.
JOAN GANZ Cooney, president
of CTW, said, 'Shalom Sesame"
is an important experiment since
it is the first foreign co-production
of 'Sesame Street' to be adapted
for American audiences."
CTW is making arrangements
for the American Friends of
Rechov Sumsum (a volunteer
group of American supporters) to
serve as distributor for "Shalom
Sesame." The American Friends
organization is planning to have
these five shows and the family
magazine available as a home
video project through ar-
rangements with Boards of
Jewish Education, Federations,
and other national organizations
in select cities across the country.
Religious directory|
CwgWpHw Uri Yitsebsk Lubavitch, 1295 E. HaUandaie Beach Blvd., Hallan-
dale; 458-1877. Rabbi Rafael Tennenhaus. Daily services 7:56 a.m., 6:80 p.m.; Friday
evening, 6:80 p.m.; Saturday morning, 9 a.m., Saturday evening, 7:80 p.m., Sunday
8:30 a.m. and 6:30 p.m. Religious school: Grades 1-8. Nurtery school Monday
through Friday.
Yoaag Israel of Hollywood 3291 Stirling Road; 966-7877, Rabbi Edward Davis.
Daily services, 7:30 a.m., sundown; Sabbath services, one hour before sundown; Sab-
bath morning, 9 o'clock; Sunday, 8 a.m.
Hallaatdale Jewish Caster 416 NE 8th Ave.; 454-9100. Rabbi Carl Klein. Daily
services, 8:80 a.m., 5:30 p.m.; Sabbath 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 8:46 a.m.
Temple Beth Shaioa 1400 N. 46th Ave.. Hollywood; 981-6111. Rabbi Morton
Malavaky. Daily services, 7:46 a.m., sundown; Sabbath evening, 8:15 p.m.; Sabbath
morning, 9 o'clock. Religious school: Kindergarten^.
Tesssie Beth Aha 9730 Stirling Road, Hollywood; 431-6100. Rabbi Avraham
Kapnek. Services daily 8 am.; Sabbath 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning 8:45 a.m. Religious
School: Nursery, Bar Mitsvsh, Judaica High School.
Temple Israel at Mirasaar 6920 SW 35th St.; 961-1700. Rabbi Raphael Adler
Daily services, 8:30 a.m.; Sabbath, 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 8:45 a.m. Religious
School: pre-ldndergarten-8.
Teasple Sisal 1201 Johnson St, Hollywood: 920-1677. Rabbi Richard J. Margobs,
8 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 9 a.m. Religious school: Pre-kindergarten-Judaica High
Teaaple Beth El 1351 S. 14th Ave., Hollywood; 9204225. Rabbi Samuel Z. Jaffe.
Sabbath evening 8 p.m. Sabbath morning 11 a.m. Religious school: Grades K-10.
Teaaple Beth Esset 10801 Pembroke Road, Pembroke Pines: 431-3688. Rabbi
Bennett Greenspon. Sabbath services, 8:16 p.m. First Friday of the month we meet
at 7:30 p.m. Religious school: Pre-kindergarten-10.
Teaaple Sale! 5100 Sheridan St, Hollywood: 989-0205. Rabbi Robert P. Frasin.
.Sabbath services, 8:16 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 10:00 a.m. Religious school: Pre-
Rasaat Shalosa 11301 W. Broward Blvd., Plantation: 472-8600. Rabbi Elliot
SkideU. Sabbath services, 8:16 p.m. Rekgious school: Pre-kindergarten-8.

| The Jewish Homemaker's Guide to Delicious Italian Cooking
1 Makes the Most of Chef Boy-ar-dee Cheese Ravioli,
' cup chopped or whole small
H cup chopped carrots
2 tablespoons butter or margarine
^ package (10 oz.) frozen whole
green beans, cooked and drained
1. Saute onions and carrots in butter in medium-sized
2. Add remaining ingredients; cover and simmer for
15 minutes. Serves 4.
leant 15 Oz.) Chef Boy-ar-dee
Cheese Ravioli in Tomato Sauce
dash garlic salt
1 tablespoon chopped fresh
W cup water
Tradition: What Has Happened
To It in Spanish Tradition?
Continued from Pag* 5
everyone was crying," recalls
Benzacquan. The responsibilities
of marriage and family life are
regarded with the utmost
| seriousness, he explains.
AFTER THE glass is broken,
the family retires to eat a special
ceremonial feast at which hymns
of praise are sung to honor'the
| young couple.
The Castillian marriage con-
tract, used by the Jews of Spanish
Morocco, is unusual as well. First
of all, explains Benzacquan, it con-
l"ns modifications which en-
tourage the cause of women's
nghts. For example, a Castillian
Iketuba; states that the wife may in-
pent directly from her husband's
estate so that in the event of
[widowhood she will have her own
lrnKey an^,wi11 not need to depe1
I?" her children for support. The
* also lists, in detail, the
of both the bride and
om. After the wedding it is
* to the mother of thebrioVs
l|T>e and hidden there.
Following the wedding
eremony, the bride and groom go
swT nfw h^ BAind tk
[jor a bottle of milk, ofl and sugar
"eft as good omens for the
house. "It is also traditional for
the bride to bring the couples mat-
tresses," adds Benzacquan. He
and his wife followed both of these
The wedding celebration is
followed up with a week of gala
feasting. "In old Tangier each
night of Sheva Brachot, or Seven
Blessings, was used as an occasion
to honor a different group in the
community. One night was for the
Chevra Kadisha, another night for
neighbors, another night for the
poor," says Benzacquan.
happy that they decided to marry
in the traditional style. Departing
from tradition, however, Benzac-
quan made sure to see the lineage
on his ketuba which begins with a
well-known kabbalist who surviv-
ed the Spanish Inquisition and
was reputed to have had daily con-
versations with the prophet
The Benzacquans are proud to
have preserved the flavor of old
Morocco and relish occasions
when they can reenact and/or
resurrect old customs and tradi-
tions. 'I'm jMt waiting for the
Brit Mila of my son," says Ben-
zacquan with a grin.
''Create Land From Sand"
DO YOU HAVE a share in the redemption of
HAVE YOU MADE your contribution to the
Enclosed is my gift of: $___________
AH contributions to JNF are tax deductible.
420 Lincoln Road Suite 353 Miami Beach, Florida 33139 Phone: 538-6464

Page 10 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, November 7, 1986
// Syria A ttacks
Israel May Well Use Tactical Nukes
The Reykjavik summit and
its aftermath have focused
worldwide attention on the
difficulties of curbing the
nuclear arsenals of the two
superpowers. In recent
weeks, however, reports of
Israel's nuclear capability
have provided grist for
various journalistic mills
and generating speculation
among Middle East
The Sunday Times of London
originally brought this subject to
public attention with its front-
page story, including a photo iden-
tified as "the nerve center of the
bomb factory." The newspaper ac-
count attributed no fewer than
100 nuclear weapons to Israel.
the details of Israel's purported
nuclear capability, have surfaced
for more than a decade now. with
CIA sources having estimated
that Israel possessed some six to
10 devices at the time of the 1973
Yom Kippur War.
Coincidentally, the latest revela-
tion came shortly before Syria had
been conclusively identified by the
British Government as having
directed the aborted plot to
destroy an El Al airliner and only
a short time after reports of a con-
tinuing military build-up by Syria
aimed at Israel.
The link between these three
developments has not been ade-
quately appreciated. Until now,
Israel's ability to deter Arab ag-
gression has been discussed in
terms of a conventional response
to be fought with the usual mix of
tanks, planes and infantry.
FOR ISRAEL, this meant con-
taining initial attacks with a small
Red Cross
Bars Israel's
Magen David
Mrtiaued from Page 1
symbolic of Jewish history,
creativity and Jewish suffering, as
well as being a religious symbol,
as are the red cross and crescent.
"To our regret, we encountered
a lack of readiness and
misunderstanding and even the
same political hostility which was
and still is manifested against the
emancipation of the Jewish people
as a nation," Eliav said. Non-
recognition of the Israeli symbol
violates the principles of the inter-
national humanitarian movement,
he said.
HE WARNED that "The revis-
ed statutes will further aggravate
the situation by crystallizing even
more the imposition of two
religious and civilizational
emblems on our global
humanitarian movement."
Another strong dissent was
voiced by Daniel Lack, represen-
tative of the World Jewish Con-
gress, which has observe/ status
at the conference. "The use of the
emblems associated in the eyes of
many with the two great religions
of Christianity and Islam en-
shrines the religious polarization
that propels the emblem crisis into
unprecedented proportions of
gravity," he said.
"The joint and exclusive use of
the Red Cross and Red Crescent
in the very title of the movement
. .. renders permanent an anoma-
ly which contradicts the letter and
the spirit of the Red Cross
philosophy by the reciprocal and
mutual reinforcement of these
two signs as the symbol of
religious polarization and ex-
clusivism," Lack said.
regular army and then, following
full mobilization within 48-72
hours, moving swiftly to destroy
attacking formations on Arab ter-
ritory a so-called "counter-
force" strategy.
However, with the growth of
sophisticated Syrian air defenses,
significant increases in the
number tanks and artillery, and,
most recently, the acquisition of
accurate Soviet surface to surface
missiles, Israel's ability to deter
has been weakened. These
changes in the military balance
along with the extensive defense
line now in place on the routes to
Damascus, would make an Israeli
counteroffensive a much more
costly and lengthy operation.
Given these new circumstances,
a quick grab by Syria of all or part
of the Golan Heights followed by
Soviet pressure for an immediate
ceasefire before Israel could
regain captured territory is an in-
creasing possibility.
As Israel's conventional deter-
rent strength is called into ques-
tion, a new scenario must be ad-
dressed not only by Syria, but by
the United States and the Soviet
Union, the substitution of a
nuclear deterrent for a conven-
tional one.
FOR YEARS now, Israeli
leaders have stuck to a standard
response that Israel would not be
the first to introduce nuclear
weapons into the Middle East.
And it has generally been
understood, and reinforced by
events during the Yom Kippur
War, that Israel would use
nuclear weapons as a last resort to
"prevent Masada from falling
again," or, in more modern terms,
from having its population center
At this point, it would certainly
be prudent for Syria to consider as
it moves toward strategic parity
with Israel that, under certain cir-
cumstances, Israel might be temp-
ted to use small yield tactical
nuclear weapons to defeat a
Syrian attack instead of expen-
ding lives to do so. The lack of a
similar Syrian nuclear capability
adds credibility to this scenario.
So while it is still useful for
analysts to count the number of
men, aircraft, tanks and artillery
available to both sides, it would
also be timely for all nations with
a stake in a future Syrian-Israeli
conflict to ponder how best to pre-
vent any Syrian miscalculation
which could have incalculable
Dr. Gordon Tucker (left), dean of the Rabbinical School at the
Jewish Theological Seminary of America, chats with Benjamin
R. Civiletti, former Attorney General of the United States, who
spoke on 'Law's Role in Shaping Society, 'first lecture in a series
on 'Pursuing Justice: Law, Ethics, and the Public Good.' The
series is one of a number of public programs being presented by
the Seminary in celebration of its centennial year.
Salvadorans Thank Israeli Aides
Continued from Page 4-
El Diario De Hoy with a short
story on their efforts to help.
"WE BELIEVE that such ef-
forts by Israelis can help Israeli's
image around the world. Israel is
pictured as a militaristic state. We
want to show the true face of the
people of Israel who care about
human life and are ready to ex-
tend humanitarian help wherever
and whenever needed," said
Rubin, who is a member of Kib-
butz Hulata, north of the Sea of
Galilee. Rappaport, a member of
Kibbutz Beit Alfa in the Jezreel
Valley, nodded in agreement.
The two said they were late in
reaching El Salvador because it
took time to raise money for the
trip. They said the Israel Agency
to Save Human Lives, which spon-
sored their trip, is newly formed
and has almost no financial
resources at present. "Originally
we had a team of four with a
doctor and an expert on rescue
dogs but for financial reasons
we had to do with only a two-
member rescue team," they said.
Dial Station f]1 +) charges apply These charges do not apply to person-ie-person, com. hotel gueat. caHing cart, collect calto, can* charged to another number 7!I!T-T
charge caH. Rate, subject to change Daytime rate, are higher Rate, do not reflect eppkcable tederl. at*, and local lues ApplJS-^r^SS^'^,nd
long distance callaoniy

Friday, November 7, 1986/The Jewiih Floridian of South Broward-HoUywood Page 11
Said To Equate All Religions
Anne Frank Court Ruling Spurs Protest
Continued from Page 1
schools and libraries. The Center
calls for the reaffirmation of the
'Diary' at a vital tool for education
and understanding."
Joining in the appeal were W.
Thomas Oaborne, U.S. director of
the Anne Frank Foundation; the
Hon. Joop Den Uyl, former Prime
Minister of The Netherlands; Sen.
Alfonse D'Amato (R., N.Y.);
Mayor Edward Koch of New
York; Bishop Philip Cousin, presi-
dent of the National Council of
Churches; Rabbi Mark Tanen-
baum, International Director of
the American Jewish Committee;
and a group of prominent actors,
playwrights and authors.'
Brazil Protest
Jewish leaders in Brazil have
protested an agreement between
the PLO and the 6,500-student
Methodist University of
Piracicaba for "cultural ex-
changes" and co-operation in
"democratic, anti-imperialist,
anti-Zionist struggle" (Associated
Press, Oct. 7).
Samuel, October 28. Hurind of SydeUe
(nee Weiwfold) of Hollywood. Father of Sal-
ly Sacki, Betty Shur, Tbomai Himea, and
Maurice Himea; brother of Pauline Alboher.
Alao mrvived by 16 gnndchidren and nine
great-grandchildren. Service and interment
were bald in Cherry HOI.
Herbert, 66, of Hallandale, formerly of
Skokie, 111., October 24. Huaband of Marae,
father of Steven (Jeri), Danny and Robyn.
Grandfather of Heather, Laurel and Jordy;
brother of Loins, Philip, Samuel and Dorii.
Graveside services held at Temple Beth El
Memorial Gardens.
ELI WALLACH. the actor,
who performed in the stage ver-
sion of "The Diary of Anne
Frank," told the Jewish
Telegraphic Agency at the press
conference that "to counter this
thing" he would work with the
Center to help raise funds to pay
legal expenses to appeal Hull's
decision. Wallach said the Ten-
nessee ruling was a blow to
pluralism in American schools.
"Could you imagine if a Jewish or
Moslem child" refused to read
books considered objectionable?
he asked.
In reply to a question, he said he
believed the Reagan Administra-
tion contributed to the Tennessee
case by its indication "that the left
liberals have been forbidding
religion in the schools."
Sheldon Harnick, lyricist of
"Fiddler on the Roof," and
playwrights Wendy Wasaerstein
and Christopher Durang, affirmed
their determination to speak out
on behalf of "Anne Frank" as well
as the freedom to read and learn
in accordance with the liberties
guaranteed by the United States
JOHANNA REIS8? author of
"The Upstairs Room," a book
about her own experiences as a
Jewish child hiding in Holland
during the war, said, "I wonder if
our children are not supposed to
know there really was a World
War II." She said her book has
been removed from libraries in the
Osborne observed, "The
message of Anne Frank .. has
lifted her up as a symbol of one
among millions, and as an inno-
cent child among the worst cen-
sorship .. the contents of her
message (is) that she sees
goodness in humanity."
Osborne added, "America is not
a Christian nation. That's a
dangerous proposition for anyone
to put forth. America is a safe
haven for Christian believers and
people of all faiths ."
Refusenik Goldfarb Trades Talk With New York's Mayor Koch
telephone at the Columbia
Presbyterian Medical
Center has been ringing off
the hook since refusenik
David Goldfarb was brought
there two weeks ago after
arriving from the Soviet
Union on Armand Ham-
mer's jet.
But the National Conference on
Soviet Jewry thought that Mayor
Koch might like to greet Goldfarb,
so, accompanied by NCSJ Chair-
man Morris B. Abram, the mayor
spent a lively half-hour with the
hero who lost a leg at Stalingrad
but won the battle of nerves with
the KGB.
The Mayor and Abram arrived
at the hospital to find Goldfarb
looking remarkably fit, despite his
recent ordeal, during which he
was denied proper medical atten-
tion for a series of serious
DESPITE THE presence dur-
ing the visit of media journalists,
the mayor assumed die role of
"reporter," firing questions at
Goldfarb almost non-stop.
Responding, Goldfarb re-
counted the chilling story of his
arrest on trumped up "spy"
charges, his interrogation by the
KGB, and the attempt to get him
to betray journalist Nick Daniloff.
"Were you afraid during the in-
terrogation?" the mayor asked.
"No," Goldfarb replied. "I had
nothing to be afraid of. I had done
nothing wrong."
Goldfarb spoke also of his
release from the Soviet Union. He
had refused to leave without his
wife, Cecilia. He noted that his
daughter remains there, and vow-
ed to work to get her, and
thousands of others out.
ABRAM mentioned the long
struggle of Goldfarb's son, Alex-
ander, to obtain his family's release
New Director
new executive director of die
Golda Meir Association is Beryl
Michaels succeeding David
Freilich, who will work for the
association in Israel as well as
establish a desk for American af-
. fairs for the Israeli Labor Party.
from the Soviet Union. Alexandr
received support from the NCSJ
during the ordeal. The NCSJ also
facilitated Alexandr's presence in
Iceland during the Reagan
Gorbachev meetings.
Responding to the mention of
Alexandr, the mayor asked
Goldfarb, "is he a good boy?"
The father answered in the af-
firmative. Then the mayor asked
what the word is for "courage" in
Russian. When told, he pronounc-
ed the Russian word several
times, then its English equivalent.
"Courage," he exclaimed, looking
at David Goldfarb. "You've got
We Hope
You Never Need Us
But If You Do
Call Mrs. Evelyn Sarasohn
City Memorial
&Monument, Inc.
u N( Mneast 2na Av.
Phone 759-1669
Commitment, m 1D 0
makes us Jews. That's
why we're beside you
when you need us
most. After all, Our
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with the Living.
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Memorial Chapel
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Kenneth J. Laasman Mgr
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Douglas Lazarus VP. F D
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jukanE wmul*. Umnmgm. FO
Mattie Sheseley lives at
a Forum Group Retirement
Community for less than
she did at her own house.
(These are excerpts from an actual recorded interview with
Mrs. Mattie Sheseley, a resident at The Lafayette, Forum Group's
rental retirement community in Lexington, KY.)
"I didn't like living alone and keeping up a house after my husband
died. Here, I don't have to pay for maintenance, utilities, insurance
or taxes. When I pay my rent, I've paid almost all my expenses. I have
a beautiful apartment, and new friends to talk to, and play bridge with
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Introducing The Park Summit of Coral Springs, Forum
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Tb learn more about The Park Summit, call (305) 752-9500 for an
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Phone ? Single ? Married ? Widowed A* JFSS1107

Pgs 12 The Jewish FToridien of South Broward-HoUywood/FrkUy, November 7, 1966
Pros Are Furious
Political Jobs for the Few
Brandeis U. Sells Stock
In S. Africa-Related Co.'s
Foreign service profes-
sionals are furious with
Shimon Peres, who took of-
fice as Foreign Minister two
weeks ago, for what they
see as political appoint-
ments and preferential
treatment for a selected few
in his efforts to reorganize
the Ministry.
They are also angry with
Premier Yitzhak Shamir for alleg-
ed cronyism in last-minute ap-
pointments and promotions he
made before switching jobs with
Peres under the Labor-Likud
rotation of power agreement.
Peres ran into an increasingly
bitter conflict with the Foreign
Ministry Staff Committee which
threatened to lodge a complaint
with the Supreme Court over his
decision to divide the office of
Foreign Ministry Director
THE DECISION, approved by
War on Terrorism
Wffl Aid Middle
East Peace
TEL AVIV (JTA) Foreign
Minister Shimon Peres
distinguished between the Arab-
Israeli conflict and the war
against international terrorism
last Tuesday (Oct. 27), but sug-
gested that the latter will benefit
the peace process in the Middle
Peres hailed as "courageous"
and "correct" Britain's severance
of diplomatic relations with Syria
because of the alleged involve-
ment of the Syrian Embassy in
London in the attempt by Jorda-
nian national Nezar Hindawi to
plant a suitcase loaded with ex-
plosives aboard an El Al airliner
at Heathrow Airport in London
last Apr. 17.
PERES SAID, in an Israel
Radio interview, "In my opinion,
we must distinguish and differen-
tiate between the Arab-Israeli
conflict and the war against inter-
national terrorism. The two
should not be linked together."
But "in the final analysis, the
fact that the war against interna-
tional terrorism is developing now
will also benefit the peace process
in the Middle East" However,
Peres stressed, "first of all, we
must clip the wings of this horri-
ble violence, which is of a Satanic
He referred to the ruthlessness
of Hindawi who gave the suitcase
bomb to his unknowing Irish
woman friend, Anne-Marie Mur-
phy, who was pregnant at the
time with his child, to take aboard
the aircraft which was about to
leave for Tel Aviv with 375
"I believe that the English deci-
sion is courageous, correct, and
even though not many followed in
its steps, I hope that it will mark
the correct path in the war
against terrorism," Peres said.
President Elected
Eleanor Fraenkel has been
elected president of the Jewish
Federation of Greater Baton
Roufe, succeeding Bill Emmich.
the Cabinet, was to appoint
Avraham Tamir Director General
and former Cabinet Secretary
Yossi Beilin as Political Director
General. Tamir, who served as
Director General of the Prime
Minister's Office under Peres, ac-
cepted the dual appointment
It was necessary in order to
create a senior Foreign Ministry
post for Beilin, a close Labor Par-
ty associate of Peres, whose
nomination to be Israel's next
Ambassador to Washington was
vetoed by Likud. Peres himself
has not concealed his anger over
the cool reception he received
from career diplomats when he
assumed his new office. As a
result, he is working mainly with
his own political staff to the exclu-
sion of Foreign Ministry profes-
sionals and this has further arous-
ed the ire of the professionals.
They also balked at Peres' in-
sistence that Minister-Without-
Portfolio Ezer Weizman and his
aides be housed within the
Foreijrn Ministry precincts. Weiz-
man previously served under
Peres in the Prime Ministers Of-
fice as liaison for Arab affairs.
no less bitter over Shamir's reap-
pointment for an additional two
years of nine political Am-
bassadors, men from outside the
foreign service who were installed
in embassies abroad when Shamir
was Prime Minister in the Likud-
led government in 1984, before
the national unity coalition was
They are uncomfortable with
Shamir's decision to grant the
personal rank of Ambassador to
six Foreign Ministry officials
widely seen as his personal
friends, at the expense of more
senior, experienced diplomats.
Peres himself is unhappy with
Shamir's appointments. Some
observers believe that his shared
grievances with the professionals
in those cases will eventually lead
to a rapprochement between the
new Foreign Minister and the
Ministry staff.
WALTHAM, Mass. (JTA) -
For the second time in a month,
Brandeis University has sold
stock in South Africa-related com-
panies found not to be in com-
pliance with the university's in-
vestment policies.
The three companies whose
stock sales were announced by
Brandeis President Evelyn
Handler are Exxon Corp.,
Chevron and Mobil Corp. The
total value of the stocks is approx-
imately $500,000, nearly 20 per-
cent of the university's holdings in
companies doing business in
South Africa.
THIS SALE, coupled with last
month's sale of about $200,000 of
investments in Reynolds and
Reynolds Company,
Schlumberger Ltd. and Union
Camp Corp., brings Brandeis
divestment actions to approx-
imately $700,000 within the past
four weeks.
The remaining portfolio in-
vested in American companies do-
ing business in South Africa
amounts to about $2 million, ap-
proximately 1.5 percent of the
university's $130 million
"These companies, Exxon,
Chevron, and Mobil, are highly
rated regarding their compliance
with the Sullivan Principles,"
Handler said in announcing the
divestment action. "There is,
however, a very high likelihood
that they are not in compliance
with another university invest-
ment policy concerning corpora-
tions or their subsidiaries' that
provide services to the South
African government or its
IN 1979 the Board of Trustees
adopted a statement of principles
to guide the university's decisions
concerning holdings in corpora-
tions doing business in South
Africa. In those principles, three
categories of corporations were
identified for monitoring or possi-
ble divestment.
One of those categories included
corporations or their subsidiaries
"that make products for or pro-
vide services to the military or
police organizations or to any
agency of the government of
South Africa that are used in a
substantial way to implement or
enforce the apartheid system."
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Full Text
Public Aware
Friday, November 14, 1986/The Jtiah Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 7
Of Mean-Spirited Religious Pluralism Failures
An ugly and mean-spirited
incident at a Reform con-
gregation in the Baka
suburb of Jerusalem on Sim-
chat Torah eve has sensitiz-
ed the public to the issue of
religious pluralism in Israel
as rarely ever before and
has given the Reform move-
ment here a sympathetic
hearing to press its case for
equal treatment.
Most Israelis were shocked
when Orthodox zealots in Baka,
led by the local chief rabbi, Eliaho
Abergil, disrupted the Reform
congregation's services at the
neighborhood community center
and attempted to forcibly wrest
Torahs from the congregants
while hurling curses at them.
MOST ISRAELIS were further
repelled by the subsequent public
comments of the Sephardic Chief
Rabbi, Mordechai Eliahu, and
others of the Orthodox religious
establishment, justifying the in-
cursion. Abergil was arrested and
faced charges of violating the
criminal code.
But later he expressed regret
for his actions and gave a written
promise never again to interfere
with Reform worship. Rabbi Levi
Weiman-Kelman of the Reform
Kol Haneshama congregation
withdrew the complaint and the
two rabbis embraced outside the
police station.
Certainly no Madison Avenue
PR firm could have conjured such
favorable publicity for the Reform
movement only 5,000 strong in
a country of four million
especially as it is about to dedicate
its massive new center in
While editorial writers and pun-
dits welcomed the amicable
resolution of the Baka incident,
they point out correctly that the
broader questions it raised remain
unanswered. Is there in fact
freedom of worship for Jews in
the Jewish State? In the sense
that they are free to pray to God
in whatever way they choose, the
answer is doubtlessly yes.
BUT INSOFAR as the question
pertains to State recognition of
non-Orthodox Judaism, the
answer, most certainly, is no.
Marriages, divorces and conver-
sions, the three principal elements
for personal status, reside ex-
clusively in the jurisdiction of the
Chief Rabbinate which is entirely
Orthodox. Some departures are
permitted, but they are all in the
direction of ultra-Orthodoxy, not
Invites Pope
Justice Minister Avraham Sharir
met here last Thursday (Nov. 6)
wth Cardinal Ernesto Korfio
Omada, spiritual leader of 80
million Mexican Catholics, who is
^siting Israel. He used the occa-
sion to extend a formal invitation
> Pope John Paul n to visit
'srael. Omada will have an au-
dience with the Pope in Rome
after leaving Israel, to be followed
oy a meeting with King Juan
Carlos of Spain in Madrid.
Omada's meeting with Sharir,
*no also heads the Tourism
Ministry, was seen here as part of
an overall effort to improve the at-
mosphere between Israel and the
Vatican. The Cardinal called on
Catholics to visit Israel and
especially Jerusalem.
toward Reform or Conservative
With two kibbutzim in Israel
and a third planned, the Reform
movement has had an impact on
certain areas of Israeli life. By the
same token, it has failed so far to
attract any mass following and is
therefore in no way comparable in
terms of popular strength to the
Reform movement in the United
Nevertheless, Reform leaders
here and in America are not
discouraged. They are en-
thusiastically involved in transfor-
ming what was once a bastion of
anti-Zionism in the U.S. into a
thoroughly pro-Zionist movement.
REFORM rabbinical students
in the U.S. are required to take
one year of courses at the Hebrew
Union College (HUC) Center in
Jerusalem. That is only one reflec-
tion of the trend toward iden-
tification with Israel by the
Reform movement. The new HUC
Center building, a magnificent
$30 million edifice on King David
Street in the heart of Jerusalem,
is an extension of the desire to
make the HUC and Israel in-
separably linked.
All of the key lay and clergy
leaders of Reform Jewry attended
the dedication ceremonies. But
this is not to say that a surge
toward Reform Judaism in Israel
is imminent
The reasons for the Reform
movement's lack of popular ap-
peal have never been carefully
researched or clearly understood.
But plainly there is resistance
which goes far beyond the in-
fluence of the Orthodox establish-
ment. Reform leaders, American
and Israeli, will be pondering this
in the weeks ahead.
about who's lowest?

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Page 6 Hie Jewiih Floridian of South Broward-HoUywood/Friday, November 14, 1986
Braman To Lead Florida Campaign
For Holocaust Museum In Washington
Norman Braman, Florida
nnainfas leader and owner of the
Philadelphia Eagles football team,
has been appointed Chairman of
the Florida Steering Committee
of the national campaign to build
the United States Holocaust
Memorial Museum in Washington,
D.C., it was announced by Na-
tional Campaign Chairman Miles
Lerman. "I'm delighted we have a
person of the caliber and commit-
ment of Norman Braman to spark
our efforts in Florida, which will
be a key state for the Museum
Campaign," Lerman said.
The Museum, to be located on
Federal land facing the
Washington Monument on the Na-
tional Mall, is the responsibility of
the U.S. Holocaust Memorial
Council, whose Chairman is the
1986 Nobel Peace Prise recipient,
Elie Wiesel. Along with Wieael
and Lerman, Braman is one of 55
Council members appointed by
the President
The 275,000-square-foot edifice
will be a "living' memorial to the
six million Jewish victims of the
Holocaust and the millions of
others who perished at the hands
of the Nazis during World War II.
Through exhibits, educational and
cultural programs, it will tell the
story of humankind's darkest
hour, and document the era for
visitors, students and scholars
with a research library and an in-
ternational archives.
According to the Federal law
that created the Council, the
Museum must be constructed en-
tirely with private, tax-deductible
gifts. In endorsing the Campaign
of which be serves as Honorary
Chairman, President Reagan has
stated, "We are moving forward
to build a 'living' museum financ-
ed by those who grasp the impor-
tance of understanding and of
remembering." So far, the Cam-
paign has raised $35 million
across the country from founda-
tions, corporations and individual
Americans of all religions, races
and cultural backgrounds.
Braman has long been a civic
leader and supporter of such
charitable and educational causes
as the University of Miami and its
medical school, Mount Sinai
Medical Center, the United
Jewish Appeal, and Tel Aviv
University. A prominent
automobile dealer in Miami, Tam-
pa, West Palm Beach and Denver
Colo., he is a graduate of Temple
University. "I accept the
challenge with great enthusiasm,"
Braman declared. "I know the
generosity and humanity of the
people of Florida, and I expect
them to respond warmly in sup-
port of this vital cause."
Jews Urged To Emigrate
The chairman of the South
African Zionist Federation has
urged his nation's Jews to more
seriously consider immigration to
Israel, as their relatively comfor-
table South African lifestyle could
The Jewish Echo of Glasgow,
Scotland, reports that M.W.
"Mockie" Friedman warned
delegates to the recent federation
already are
a Zionist...
conference here of "a dark night
for Jews, with danger emanating
from the extreme right and ex-
treme left."
In advocating the federation to
establish a task force on aliyah, he
imparted further advice: If Israel
imposes punitive measures on the
government of South Africa
regarding apartheid, it would
result in "additional serious pro-
blems for South African Jewry."
If you believe in the unity of the Jewish people and
the centralrty of Israel in Jewish life...
ff you stand for strengthening the democratic State
of Israel...
If you supped the ingathering of the Jewish people
to its historic home, Eretz Yisrael...
If you advocate the preservation of the Jewish
people and their identity through education and
cultural programming...
If you care about the protection of Jewish rights,
and all minority rights, everywhere...
If you believe in these principles of the Zionist
Movement, then you already believe as all Zionists
But are you acting on your beliefs?
Zionism today.
It all started with a dream...
Zionism emerged from the deep yearning of a
people to return to their Biblical homeland. A people,
dispersed by time and terror, seeking a new national
movement incorporating aspirations so often
challenged by pogroms and torturous times.
It was these aspirations for freedom that were so
similar to those that gave birth to America. And their
fulfillment was the creation of the State of Israel, in
a way that resonates strongly in the hearts of all
Americans. And in the million who have joined
the Zionist Movement.
Is the Zionist Movement
the way?
Without an organized movement in
which Jews are publicly identified, there
can be no democratic action. Not for
peace, nor for the many monumental
accomplishments of recent years.
The resettlement in Israel of
1,800,000 immigrants from over
100 countries. The vast educa-
tional program for many
hundreds of thousands of
youngsters in Israel and in
the United States. The ini-
tiation of the struggle to
rescue Soviet Jewry,
Ethiopian Jewry, arid
Jews in peril through-
out the globe.
You can continue this endeavor as part of a mean-
ingful American Jewish community by lending voice
to the Zionist Movement. By standing up and being
counted. This is the American way. The way for the
1,000,000 Americans who presently declare with
pride, "I am a Zionist."
How can I bo effective?
1. Affiliate. Join any of the 16 American Zionist
organizations. Just mail the coupon for membership
information. Today.
2. Participate. Come to Philadelphia, where
American democracy began! From January 4th to
7th, 1987, Philadelphia will be home to the American
Zionist Assembly. The climax of our membership
campaign. Here you can be inspired by world-
renowned speakers, learn from celebrated educa-
tors, enjoy cultural and spiritual regeneration through
a striking series of programs. And
. most significantly, share in the
j decisions affecting Zionists the
world over. Ask for enrollment
and reservation details.
3. Vota. As a Zionist organization member, you will
be asked, in May 1987, to help elect delegates to the
31st World Zionist Congress in late 1987. \bur
answer has never meant more. The World Zionist
Congressthe parliament of the Jewish people-
is the only democratic legislative body for world
Jewry; your vote is their instrument. Raise your
hand high!
rrrt/rinrtn ivtran nwrrgn
Benjamin Cohen,
Karen J. Rubinstein,
Executive Director
AZF Constituent Organizations:
American Zionist Youth Council / American Jewish
League Americans tor Progressive Israel AMIT
Women / Assn. of Reform Zionists of America / Bnai
Zlon / Emunah Women / Hadassah Herut Zionists of
America / Mercaz / Labor Zionist Alliance / North
American Aliyah Movement I Na amat-USA / Religious
Zionists of America / Zionist Organization of America /
Zionist Student Movement

Page 12 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, November 14, 1986
Same great taste
in an exciting new pack.
Smoke Contains Carbon Monoxide.
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Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, November 14, 1986
In Senate, House
Jewish Candidates Fared Very Well
Continued from Pafe 1
Jewish woihan eleced to the
House. A Democract, she served
three terms in the House,
representing a Manhattan
district. But last Tuesday, runn-
ing in Westchester, Abzug failed
to unseat Rep. Joseph DioGuardi,
a Republican, elected to his se-
cond term.
If Pooler was elected, the House
would again have three Jewish
women. The two incumbents are
Reps. Barbara Boxer and Sala
Burton (both D., Cal.).
IN THE Senate races, Missouri
Lieutenant Gov. Harriett Woods,
a Democrat, lost in her second at-
tempt to become the first Jewish
woman elected to the Senate. She
was defeated by former Gov.
Christopher Bond, a Republican,
for the seat being vacated by Sen.
Thomas Eagleton (D., Mo.).
Two other Jews running for the
Senate also lost. Kramer and
Mark Green, a Democrat, who
failed to upset Sen. Alfonse
D'Amato (R., N.Y.). The two
Jewish Senators reelected were
Sens. Arlen Specter (R., Pa.) and
Warren Rudman (R., Vt.).
Meanwhile, with the House re-
maining under Democratic control
and the Democrats taking over
the Senate by a 56-45 margin, lit-
tle change is expected in the
strong support for Israel and
Soviet Jewry in Congress.
However, church-state and other
social issues sought by the Reagan
Administration and viewed as
dangerous by the Jewish com-
munity would appear to have little
chance of passage during the next
two years.
Leading supporters of Israel,
ranging from governor liberal
Democrats to conservative
Republicans, were reelected to the
Senate. Among these are: Sens.
Alan Cranston (D., Cal.),
Christopher Dodd (D., Conn.),
Daniel Inouye (D., Hawaii),
D'Amato, Bob Packwood (R.,
Ore.) and Robert Kasten (R.,
While the number of Jews in the
Senate are evenly divided among
Democrats and Republicans, in
the House the Jewish contingent
is overwhelmingly Democrat,
U.S. Should Move Embassy
To Jerusalem, Moynihan Says
Continued from Page 1
Jerusalem despite pressure from
other countries and international
bodies. Luis Alberto Monge, one
of the awardees, was President at
the time. The two other awardees
were Per Ahlmark, former Depu-
ty Prime Minister of Sweden, and
Rabbi Eliahu Essas, for 13 years a
dissident in the Soviet Union and
now living in Israel.
Referring to the three winners,
Moynihan noted that Ahlmark
"has done so much to secure sup-
port for Israel and Jerusalem in
Scandinavia": Essas "refused to
forget the message of Jerusalem
in the Soviet Gulag"; and Alberto
Monge "has shown the world that
foreign Embassies can and should
be in Jerusalem."
Nobel Prize laureate Elie Wiesel
presented the award to Ahlmark,
citing him for his consistent ad-
vocacy of Israel's rights and his
opposition to every manifestation
of anti-Semitism in his native
Sweden and throughout Scan-
dinavia. "Statesman, poet,
humanist: Per Ahlmark has
relentlessly defended the honor of
Israel with vigor, talent and pas-
sion. He is singularly deserving of
the Jewish people's gratitude,"
Wiesel said.
AHLMARK, who is also Deputy
President of the Swedish-Israeli
Friendship League since 1970,
said in response that Israel 'has
given and still does so, inspiration
to free men and women around
the world." "If you support
Israel, you also support the idea of
freedom everywhere," he added,
and "what we see on the interna-
tional scene now, not least in the
UN, are systematic attempts to
make the Jewish State illegal, ef-
forts to isolate Israel in a way that
in fact prepares world opinion for
its future destruction.
"The anti-Semites," he con-
tinued, "start with the Jews, but
never stop with the Jews. Anti-
Semitism is always a call for the
destruction of democratic values
and institutions. To tolerate anti-
Semitism is to invite disaster. In
the end, we will all be victims."
The $100,000 award is spon-
sored by the Jabotinsky Founda-
tion. The chairman of The Foun-
dation is Eryk Spektor. The prize
is given to persons who undertake
extraordinary action "in defense
of the rights of the Jewish peo-
ple," Spektor said.
It's A Girl, Rahel, for Sharanskys
JERUSALEM (JTA) A 5.2 pound baby girl was
born by Caesarian section to A vital Sharansky, wife of
Soviet Jewry activist Natan Sharansky, at Misgav Ladach
Hospital here last Thursday (Nov. 6) morning.
IT IS THE FIRST child of the couple who were
reunited last February after Natan spent nine years in
Soviet prisons and labor camps.
The proud father told reporters at the hospital shortly
after the birth that his daughter is "a very beautiful little
Rudy Boschwitz (R., Minn.), Chic
Hecht (R., Nev.), Frank
Lautenberg (D., N.J.), Carl Levin
(D., Mich.), Howard Metzenbaum
(D., Ohio), Warren Rudman, (R.,
N.H.), Arlen Specter (R., Pa.) and
Edward Zorinsky (R., Neb.).
Jewish members of the House
are Gary Ackerman (D., N.Y.),
Anthony Beilenson (D., Cal.),
Howard Berman (D., Cal.), Bar-
bara Boxer (D., Cal.), Sala Burton
(D., Cal.), Benjamin Cardin (D.,
Md.), Ben Erdreich (D., Ala.),
Barney Frank (D., Mass.), Martin
Frost (D., Tex.).
Also, Sam Gejdenson (D.,
Conn.), Benjamin Gilman (R.,
N.Y.), Dan Glickman (D., Kan.),
Willis Gradison (R., Ohio), BUI
Green (R., N.Y.), William Lehman
(D., Fla.), Sander Levin (D.,
Mich.), Mel Levine (D., Cal.), Tom
Lantos (D., Cal.), John Miller (R.,
And, James Scheuer (D., N.Y.),
Charles Schumer (D., N.Y.), Nor-
man Sisisky (D., Va.), Lawrence
Smith (D., Fla.), Stephen Solarz
(D.. N.Y.), Henry Waxman (D.,
Cal.), Ted Weiss (D., N.Y.),
Howard Wolpe (D., Mich.), Ron
Wyden (D., Ore.) and Sidney
Yates (R., 111.).
IN OTHER election results, one
Jew was elected governor while
the nation's only incumbent
Jewish governor was still in doubt
whether she had won reelection.
Both are Democrats.
Neil Goldschmidt, former
Mayor of Portland and Secretary
of Transportation in the Carter
Administration, was elected
Governor of Oregon. But
Madeleine Kunin, seeking her se-
cond term as Governor of Ver-
mont, received the largest
number of votes but apparently
failed to win the 50 percent ma-
jority required by the Vernont
State Constitution. This means
the decision will be left to the
Britain's Jews
Down in Number
Jewish community was the only
non-Chrstian community to shrink
in Britain between 1980 and 1985,
according to report on the new
1987-88 UK Christian Handbook
in the Jewish Echo of Glasgow,
Scotland. The Jewish community
defined as those actively
associated with synagogues
decreased from 111,000 to
During the same period, the
Moslem population increased by
250,000 to 825,000 and Christian
churches have lost a half million
members. Sikhs increased by
80,000 to 180,000 and Hindus by
10,000 to 130,000.
Handbook figures, although
reportedly supplied by the Board
of Deputies of British Jews,
"disagree wildly with other
estimates," the Echo reports.

Say "Cheese"
and Put a Smile on
Watch your kids' faces light up
when you serve Smurt Pasta in
Spaghetti Sauce with Cheese
Flavor. You'll smile, too, knowing
it's got all the goodness and ta am
of Chef Boyardee"
SMUHF TM e 1986 Rsyo Licensed by Wallace
Bet ns Licensing
Religious directory
Coagrefrtio* Lavi YiUehok Lubavitch, 1296 E. Hallandale Beach Blvd.. Hajlan-
dale 468-1877 Rabbi Rafael Tennenhaus. Daily services 7:56 a.m., 6:30 p.m.; Friday
evening, 6:80 p.m.; Saturday morning, 9 a.m., Saturday evening, 7:30 p.m. Sunday
8:30 a.m. and 6:30 p.m. Religious school: Grades 1-8. Nursery school Monday
Yoaaj Israel of Hollywood 3291 Stirling Road; 966-7877, Rabbi Edward Davis.
Daily services, 7:30 a.m., sundown; Sabbath services, one hour before sundown; Sab-
bath morning, 9 o'clock; Sunday, 8 a.m.
Hallaadale Jewish Ceater 416 NE 8th Ave.; 464-9100. Rabbi Carl Klein. Daily
services, 8:30 am, 5:30 p.m.; Sabbath 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 8:45 a.m.
Teatple Beth Shaloas 1400 N. 46th Ave., Hollywood; 981-6111. Rabbi Morton
Malavaky. Daily services, 7:46 a.m., sundown; Sabbath evening, 8:15 p.m.; Sabbath
morning, 9 o'clock. Religious school: Kindergarten-8.* Beth Aha 9730 Stirling Road, Hollywood; 431-6100. Rabbi Avraham
Kapnek. Services daily 8 a.m.; Sabbath 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning 8:46 a.m. Religious
School: Nursery, Bar Mitxvah, Judaica High School.* Israel of Miraasar 6920 SW 36th St.; 981-1700. Rabbi Raphael Adler.
Daily services, 8:30 am; Sabbath, 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 8:46 a.m. Religious
School: pre-kindergarten-8. ____ ....
Tesapl* Sinai 1201 Johnson St, Hollywood: 920-1677. Rabbi Richard J. Margolis,
8 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 9 a.m. Religious school: Pre-kindergarten-Judaica High
TaasBie Beth El 1351 S. 14th Ave., Hollywood, 920-8226. Rabbi Samuel Z. Jaffe.
Sabbath evening 8 p.m. Sabbath morning 11 a.m. Religious school: Grades K-10.* Beth Esset 10801 Pembroke Road, Pembroke Pines: 431-3638. Rabbi
Bennett Greenspon. Sabbath services, 8:16 p.m. First Friday of the month we meet
at 7:30 p.m. Religious school: Pre-kindergarten-10.
Temple Solel 5100 Sheridan St.. Hollywood: 98*0206. Rabbi Robert P. Frann.
Sabbath services, 8:15 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 10:30 a.m. Religious school: Pre-
p._. Shalosa 11301 W. Broward Blvd., Plantation: 472-3600. Rabbi Elliot
Skidell. Sabbath services, 8:15 p.m. Religious school: Pre-kindergarten-8.
Syracuse, N.Y. Democrat
Concedes Defeat in House
Rosemary Pooler, a Democrat ac-
tive in the Syracuse Jewish com-
munity, has conceded defeat in
her effort to win election to the
House from New York's 27th
District Nov. 4. She lost to the in-
cumbent, Rep. George Wortley, a
According to the Syracuse
Herald-Journal, Wortley outspent
Pooler by $557,697 to $385,407 in
what was a heated campaign.
Pooler's loss leaves the number
of Jews elected to the House at 29,
one less than in the current 99th
Congress, even though one new
Jewish member was elected, Ben-
jamin Cardin (D., Md.).
However, two Jewish in-
cumbents, Reps. Ken Kramer and
Bobbi Fiedler, both California
Republicans, left their seats in un-
successful bids for the Senate.
The number of Jewish Senators
remains at eight with the reelec-
tion of Sens. Arlen Specter (R.,
Pa.) and Warren Rudman (R.,
Meanwhile, Vermont Governor
Madeleine Kunin, a Democrat, is
expected to be elected to a second
term by the State Legislature.
She won a plurality in the Nov. 4
elections but failed to receive 50
percent of the vote, which means
under Vermont law that the
Legislature decides the issue.
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Page 10 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, November 14, 1986
For Peace
Pope Asked To Pray in Jerusalem
Continued from Page 1
The ADL, he told the Pontiff,
was "deeply honored to be
represented in your day of prayer
and peace in Assisi. Perhaps what
is needed in addition to a day of
prayer for peace is a day in which
we contemplate the evil of ter-
rorism, and as the site for such
prayers against the scourge of ter-
rorism and war, where more ap-
propriate than in the city of peace,
Jerusalem, led by whom, more ap-
propriately, than by your pro-
phetic voice of peace."
RABBI Leon Klenicki, director
of the ADL's Interfaith Depart-
ment and one of the speakers at
the colloquium, told reporters
later, "John Paul didn't reply to
the suggestion, but his face clearly
expressed pleasure. He lingered a
while to chat with us."
Other organizers of the collo-
quium, which was conducted at
the Domus Mariae Convention
Center here, were the Pontifical
University of St. Thomas
Atom Tech 'Under Detention'
Continued from Page 1
The government statement said Vanunu was ordered
detained by a court following a hearing at which he was
represented by counsel. It did not specify charges against
him. Vanunu, 31, a recent convert to Christianity, is believ-
ed to have leftwing, pro-Arab sympathies.
Israel Signs
$5.1 Million SDI Contract
signed a contract with the U.S.
last Wednesday (Nov. 5) to under-
take research on anti-ballistic
missile defense systems, a project
related to the Reagan Administra-
tion's Strategic Defense Initiative
(SDI), commonly known as Star
The contract, reported to be in
the neighborhood of $6.1 million,
is the first of its kind entered into
by the U.S. with a non-NATO
country. It was signed here by
David Ivri, director general of the
Defense Ministry, and Gordon
Smith, deputy director of the SDI
IT IS REGARDED as Israel's
first bid for a share in the $27
billion SDI research allocation
based on the U.S.-Israel
memorandum of understanding
on strategic cooperation signed by
the two countries last May.
Apart from participating in
lucrative SDI contracts, Israel has
a special interest in anti-ballistic
missile research to counter the ad-
vanced Soviet SS-21 short-range
missiles reportedly in Syrian
hands. The SS-21s are capable of
reaching any part of Israel from
Syrian territory.
Meanwhile, U.S. Deputy
Secretary of Defense William
Taft, touring Europe and the Mid-
dle East, began a three-day visit
to Israel. He met with Defense
Minister Yitzhak Rabin and senior
officials of the Defense Ministry
at Israel Defense Force
Louia of Hallandalc. Survived by hit wife,
Mariorie; son Walter (Susanna); grand-
children, Lauren and Larry; sister, Sylvia
Raaaner; brothera, Julie, William and Mor-
ton Bogad. Interment in New Jersey. Ar-
rangement* by The Riverside.
Dr. Donald R., husband of Lois; father of
Cindy, Julie and Leo. Services were held at
Levitt-Weinstein Memorial Chapel.
Seymour of Tamarac, November 6. Hus-
band of the late Elsie (nee Brodsky); father
of Alan Cohen and Mindy Bender. Services
held in New Jersey.
Attention: Organizations
& Synagogues
Please forward all news releases and per-
sonal items to the
Jewish Floridian of South County
Main Office
P.O. Box 012973
Miami, Florida 33101
Aquinas, the Centra Pro Unione
and Sisters of Zion (SIDIC), in
cooperation with the Holy See's
Commission for Religious Rela-
tions with the Jews.
Only basic faith commitments
defining Christian and Jewish
identities were firmly "off limits"
for discussion. Otherwise, the
papers read and discussed covered
a wide range of theological and
historical subjects. The at-
mosphere was lively and there
were broad areas of general
Three main points that emerged
from papers and discussion were:
a deepening sense of common
Biblical roots; a joint positive and
negative evaluation of liberation
theology; and acceptance of Israel
in all its human and political im-
perfections, as the first stage of
Jewish national and universal
redemption, an ongoing process in
the alliance between God and
BBYO Youth Needs You
The B'nai B'rith Youth Organization is now recruiting
voluteers to serve as advisors for local high school age youth
Requirements for this rewarding assignment are as follows:
If you are at least 21 years old..
If you are committed to Judaism and to Jewish life...
If you have a genuine liking for youth and enjoy working with
If you are willing to work under close supervision and par-
ticipate in ongoing training. ..
Then BBYO would like to meet you...
The local BBYO Program currently has 20 chapters and
reaches out to almost 700 Jewish teens in the Palm Beach
Gardens, Boca Raton, Coral Springs, Plantation, Hollywood,
Pembroke Pines and North Miami Beach areas. The girls compo-
nent is BBG (B'nai B'rith Girls) and the boys is AZA (Aleph Zadik
Aleph). Together, they are a dynamic and important part of our
Jewish community.
Youth need YOUR support. If you are interested in becoming
involved in this fulfilling and vital part of our young people's lives,
please call Jerome Kiewe or William Rubin at the Gold Coast
Council BBYO Office 581-0218 for more information and to ar-
range for an interview.
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"Ml Community" named president
of BETH DAVID Memorial Gardens
Alfred Golden, prominent
business leader in both Jewish
and secular communities, has
been appointed president of
Beth David Memorial Gardens,
Holrywood. Mr. Golden, active
in numerous community
organizations, is the only
individual in the United States
to sit on Federation boards in
three cities simultaneously
(Miami, Ft. Lauderdale,
Formerly president
of Riverside Memorial
Chapels, he looks forward
to greeting and serving all
of his friends at the beauti-
ful Beth David Memorial
With the addition
of Alfred Golden as
president of Beth David...
the tradition continues.
Alfred Golden
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Centrally located to serve all of Broward and North Dade
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1 .'
Friday, November 14, 1986/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-HoUywood Page 9
Jewish Emigre Wanted To Leave
U.S. and 'Unfulfilled' Life Here

At the Oct. iS annual national Women's
Patrons Society Luncheon at the Jewish
Theological Seminary of America in New
York are (left to right) past Women's League
for Conservative Judaism presidents, Helen
Kirshblum, Ruth Perry, Syd Rossman Golds-
tein; Seminary Chancellor Dr. Ismar
Schor8ch; Selma Weintraub, current presi-
dent; Seminary Vice Chancellor Rabbi Yaakov
G. Rosenberg; and past presidents, Evelyn
Henkind and Goldie Kweller. Some 1S5
women attended the Patrons Luncheon.
Violations on Agenda
Shultz Vowed To Air Them
Secretary of State
George Shultz said that he
would "emphasize" the
Soviet Union s violations of
human rights in Vienna at
the 35-nation conference to
review the implementation
of the 1975 Helsinki
"Arms control agreements with
a regime that violates human
rights cannot be truly successful
in guaranteeing international
security," he said in a speech to
the Los Angeles World Affairs
Council. The text of the speech,
which concentrated on the human
rights issue, was made available
at the State Department.
"Governments which abuse the
rights of their own people cannot
be expected to act in a more
civilized manner abroad," Shultz
said. "For this reason we em-
phasize human rights issues in all
our official dealings with the
Soviet Union."
SHULTZ SAID the United
States would raise the Soviet
Jewry and other human rights
issues at Vienna "not to score pro-
paganda points," but to give an
actual picture of the situation in
the USSR. "For Soviet Jewry the
situation is bleak and
deteriorating," the Secretary
noted. "Jewish emigration in 1986
has fallen to the lowest level in 20
years, down 98 percent from the
all-time high of 1979."
While the Soviets claim that
those Jews who want to emigrate
have left, "we know the names of
11,201 who have applied for and
been denied permission to
emigrate," Shultz said. "We can
also confirm that at least 380,000
additional Soviet Jews would like
to leave the Soviet Union."
Shultz said this was a "perfectly
legitimate" issue to raise with the
Soviets. "The Soviet Union has
signed politically binding interna-
tional instruments which require
respect for basic human rights, in-
cluding the right to leave one's
country," he said. "Commitments
assumed under these documents
are as a binding as any other in-
ternational commitments." Shultz
noted that "Soviet leaders have
shown increasing awareness of
the public relations price they pay
as a result of their conduct in the
field of human rights" through
"some high profile actions."
WHOLE "these gestures are
welcome," Shultz said, "they are
no substitute for genuine and sus-
tained progress in the human
rights areas." Shultz stressed that
all the democratic countries must
continue to exert pressure on the
Soviet Union. "The Soviet
authorities will have no incentive
to change if they believe we do not
care," he said.
He particularly noted that
before President Reagan met
Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev
in Reykjavik, Iceland, there was
"one of the most intensive series
of domestic human rights con-
sultations in American history.
Non-governmental organizations
and members of Congress directly
participated in the formulation of
our negotiating position."
This meant when Reagan raised
Peres, in U.S., Seeks Capital
For Investment in Negev
bhimon Peres, travelling to the
United States Monday for the
first time as Israel's Foreign
Minister, said Sunday night that
he would concentrate his efforts
n attracting American invest-
ment capital for the Negev.
At Peres' initiative, the Negev
2000 Association unveiled a plan
for a new deep-water port at Eilat
to replace the present limited
oeibties and clear valuable stret-
* of coastline for tourist beach
Binyamin Yassour, bead of the
Association, told the Jerusalem
Post that overseas funding for
Negev projects would be for-
thcoming if the government en-
dorsed the projects. He said the
new port would help boost brad's
trade with Australasia and
southeast Asia. Ships from those
regions calling at Eilat have a
shorter trip and avoid the Suez
Canal tolls.
While in the U.S. Peres was to
address the General Assembly of
the Council of Jewish Federations
in Chicago Thursday night and
meet with Jewish leaders from all
parts of the country. He will also
meet with Richard Murphy, Assis-
tant Secretary of State for Near
Eastern and South Asian Affairs.
Moshe Arena, a dose political
associate of Premier Yitzhak
Shamir, will also go to the U.S.
this week. Government sources in-
dicated he would have talks in
Washington and arrange for
Shamir's first visit to the U.S. as
Premier, probably early next
the issue with Gorbachev, "he was
speaking not only for himself and
his Administration, but for an
America united in its concern on
this issue," Shultz said. "Perhaps
for this reason, we succeeded in
obtaining grudging Soviet
acknowledgment of the rightful
place of human rights issues on
the agenda of official Soviet-
American discussions."
SHULTZ SAID he rejected the
view of some that contacts with
the Soviets should be limited. In-
stead he urged more contacts bet-
ween the governments as well as
between the American and Soviet
"If we in the West are ever go-
ing to develop constructive rela-
tions with the Soviet Union, they
will not come by shunning con-
tact," he said.
"On the contrary, we must take
advantage of the new style of
Soviet diplomacy to expose Mr.
Gorbachev, his associates and the
Soviet people to the depth of our
revulsion at Soviet human rights
abuses. We must make use of
every channel we can, of every
forum that presents itself, to get
the Soviet leadership to
acknowledge the reality that less
repression at home is the key to
greater acceptance abroad,"
Shultz stressed.
The decision by a Soviet
Jewish emigre living here to
return to tine Soviet Union
has startled the organized
Jewish community.
Yuri Chapovsky, 27, announced
at an Oct. 24 press conference
that he was returning to the
Soviet Union because his hopes
for a better life were not fulfilled
in America. Chapovsky came to
the United States in 1979 with his
parents and younger brother.
With him at the press con-
ference, conducted by the Soviet
Information Office in
Washington, D.C., were three
other Soviet emigres wishing to
return, including another Jew,
Israel Glickman of Dallas.
friends of Chapovsky's family and
Jewish communal workers who
helped him indicated that his
departure was psychologically,
not politically, motivated.
Described as extremely bright,
especially in mathematics,
Chapovsky also was portrayed as
troubled, unhappy and dissatisfied
for some time.
"I think he has some problems,
and I don't think the United
States is one of them," said a
source dose to the family. "I think
maybe it's just personal problems
... We don't feel he's thinking
Said another source, "It isn't
the politics, but his own mixed-up
reaction to life in America and
what he expects to find in Russian
His family, which lives in the
Atlanta area, reportedly is
distraught over Yuri's decision.
They have been unavailable to the
media, and family friends are pro-
tecting their privacy. Those
friends who spoke with the
reporters did so anonymously.
Jewish communal workers and of-
ficials also were reluctant to com-
ment on the case, adhering to a
policy of client confidentiality.
HOWEVER, a Jewish com-
munal source said Chapovsky
worked part-time in Atlanta in
1F after receiving a Master's
degree in applied mathematics at
the Georgia Institute of
Technology. During the Oct. 24
press conference, Chapovsky said
that despite the degree he was
unable to find a job.
But a former professor at the in-
stitute, John Wallace, questioned
Chapovsky's inability to find a job.
"Even the worst students get at
least one job offer, and the good
students get several very
lucrative job offers," he said in a
telephone interview. Chapovsky
made the institute's dean's list
several times, according to in-
stitute spokesman Charles
The Jewish communal source
also disclosed that after obtaining
the Master's degree, Chapovsky
studied in France toward his PhD,
and there as in the U.S., he was
"unhappy and dissatisfied." He
left France without completing
his studies, and when he returned
here "he was pretty much deter-
mined that the United States was
not for him either," said the
trouble adjusting to the "radically
different" life in America, accor-
ding to Leonard Cohen, executive
director of the Jewish Family Ser-
vice here. Some Soviet emigres
can't shake the idea of having a
niche provided by sodety. But
most, including Chapovsky s fami-
ly, adapt just fine.
"Of the 600 Soviet refugees we
have resettled in Atlanta since
1973, this is the first overt situa-
tion that I'm aware of in which an
individual has actually chosen to
go back to Russia," Cohen said.
Media Award
To Lange
American Jewish Committee has
presented its Mass Media Award
to Bob Lange, producer of the
"Seeds of Hate" documentary on
the radical right's influence on
debt-ridden Midwest farmers,
shown on ABC TV's "20/20." The
AJCommittee's William Petschek
Nationd Jewish Family Center
prize has gone to the Parenting
Centers program of he Union of
American Hebrew Congregations,
which provides Jewish living ex-
periences to families.
"Create Land From Sand"
DO YOU HAVE a share in the redemption of
HAVE YOU MADE your contribution to the
Enclosed is my gift of: $____________
___Apt. No..
All contributions to JNF are tax deductible.

420 Lincoln Road Suite 353 Miami Beach, Florida 33139 Phone: 538*464

Friday, November 14, 1986/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 3
Attend Meet With Palestinians
Twenty-nine Israeli leftw-
ing activists departed for
Bucharest last Wednesday
morning (Nov. 5) for a two-
day symposium with
Palestinian intellectuals, in-
cluding representatives of
the Palestine Liberation
Organization. It was spon-
sored by the Rumanian
Writers Association and
ended last Thursday night.
The group fell far short of the
100 who originally signed up for
the trip. Most of the better-known
activists dropped out, apparently
having had second thoughts.
There was dissension among the
organizers and the threat of pro-
secution under a new law that pro-
hibits Israelis from having contact
with members of a terrorist
THE EAST for Peace move-
ment, leftwing Sephardic doves,
announced last Tuesday that they
were withdrawing. The Mapam
Party, which was to have sent a
delegation, bowed out last Mon-
day. But one of its leading intellec-
tuals. Latif Dori, did go. He and
writer-editor Yael Lotan are the
most prominent members of the
Religious Right Dangerous,
Sen. Metzenbaum Warns
(JTA) Sen. Howard
Metzenbaum (D., Ohio)
warned here that the
religious right and its allies
in Congress and the Ad-
ministration are waging
relentless war against in-
dividual liberties and
freedom of thought and urg-
ed activism to thwart their
agenda for the country.
Metzenbaum, speaking at
Brandeis University's first
Founder's Day convocation last
Sunday, quoted the university's
namesake, the late U.S. Supreme
Court Justice Louis Brandeis, who
always cautioned against public
inertia in preserving liberty.
TODAY, the Senator said,
religious extremists are threaten-
ing freedom in America. Libraries
and schools across the country are
under attack. "All over the coun-
try, would-be censors are trying
to purge libraries and public
school curricula of every fact and
every idea they see to be in con-
flict with their religious views,"
Metzenbaum said.
"In the name of combatting
secular humanism, these
crusaders for conformity have
tried to use the paper shredder on
the works of Shakespeare and
Steinbeck. Homer and Mark
In Congress, Metzenbaum said,
"we've faced sustained campaigns
to ban abortion and to permit
state-sponsored prayer in public
schools. We've seen the spectacle
of rightwing Senators circulating
to prospective nominees for the
federal bench a questionnaire
designed to measure ideological
purity. And from the very highest
quarters, we've heard voiced the
pernicious, dangerous theory that
the Bill of Rights does not apply to
the states." Metzenbaum was
referring to recent remarks by
U.S. Attorney General Edwin
ACTIVISM "in defense of the
separation of church and state, of
the rights of women ... (and)
racial and religious minorities," is
urgently needed, he said, adding,
in a quotation from Justice
Brandeis, "the greatest menace to
freedom is an inert people."
Metzenbaum also reminded his
audience that to be a Jew in
America is never to accept the
status quo. "I'm not convinced
that we dare as Jews in America
or as Americans to glory in the
status quo," he said.
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group that went to Bucharest.
The participants ran a gauntlet
of jeers and abuse from
demonstrators at Ben Gurion Air-
port who included relatives of ter-
rorist victims. In the eyes of many
Israelis the Bucharest meeting is
nothing more than a PLO pro-
paganda event.
The PLO announced it was sen-
ding a member of its Central Com-
mittee, Mohammed Milhem, a
former West Bank Mayor. But
rumors that PLO chief Yasir
Arafat and other top leaders
would attrend turned out to be
Earlier Premeir Yitzhak Shamir
urged the Rumanian government
to withdraw its support from the
meeting because it would involve
Israeli citizens in an illegal act.
Foreign Minister Shimon Peres
-characterized the event as "a
theater of the absurd."
Ezer Weizman, who works out of
the Foreign Ministry, said last
Tuesday (Nov. 4) that he thought
the Israeli group should stay
home, not because meetings with
the PLO are banned but because
such unofficial contacts do
nothing to advance the peace pro-
cess. According to Weizman, the
issues under discussion "are
political matters of the first
degree" which cannot be settleed
by unauthorized persons.
Meanwhile, the Israeli Commit-
tee of War Resisters International
and the International Movement
of Conscientious Objectors has ap-
pealed to Peres to allow one of
their people, Yeshayahu Toma-
Shik, to go to Amman this week
for an international conference on
non-violence. It was organized by
the Arab Thought Forum under
the patronage of Crown Prince
Hassan, brother of King Hussein.
Re-Elected To
Exec. Board
Hallandale resident Harry
Prussack has been reelected to the
Executive Board of the National
Federation of Temple
Brotherhoods (NFTB)-Jewish
Chautauqua Society (JCS) for a
two year term.
Prussack was reelected during
the 31st Biennial Convention at
the Franklin Wyndham Plaza
Hotel in Philadelphia, whose
theme was "Remembering the
Past-Anticipating the Future."
He has been a member of Tem-
ple Beth El's Board for 13 years;
is a member of the Ritual,
Membership, and Nominating
Committees; was a Brotherhood
President; and Vice-President of
NFTB's Florida Region and the
Southeast Federation of Temple
Prussack is also Charter Vice-
President of the Hillel Advisory
Board of Broward and Palm
Beach Counties.
NFTB is comprised of 400 Tem-
ple Brotherhoods with over
60,000 members in the United
States, Canada, and abroad. It is
affiliated with the Union of
American Hebrew Congregations,
parent body of Reform Judaism.
JCS, NFTB's educational arm,
endows Judaism courses at
universities throughout the
United States and Canada,
assigns rabbinic lecturers to cam-
puses and secondary schools,
donates books of Judaica to
libraries, distributes a large film
collection, and sponsors Institutes
for Christian Clergy in its goal of
improved interfaith relations.

Two toddlers get acquainted with Sabbath candles at a Parenting
Center program in Manhattan's Central Synagogue. The nation-
wide program, which provides opportunities to experience the
Jewish world through the celebration of Shabbat, holidays and
life-cycle events in an extended family environment, was
developed by the Union of American Hebrew Congregations and is
now operating in 90 Reform congregations across the country.
Tribunal Rejects Arab's Appeal
military tribunal in Nablus
unanimously rejected an appeal
against deportation by Akram
Haniye, editor of the East
Jerusalem Arabic daily A-Shaab.
His attorney, Felicia Langer, an-
nounced she would take the case
to the Supreme Court.
Haniye was arrested and
ordered deported on charges that
he was a principal coordinator of
Palestine Liberation Organization
political activities in the ad-
ministered territories. The
authorities conceded, however,
that he was not involved in ter-
rorist activities.
The deportation order will not
be implemented pending a deci-
sion by the Supreme Court
The order to expel Haniye to
Jordan was angrily protested by
Arab journalists and the general
population in the territories. The
Jerusalem Press Association join-
ed the protest after several days
of hesitation. It sent telegrams to
Premier Yitzhak Shamir
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Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, Nomnber 14,1986
Making Deals
With Terrorism
It would be nice to blame it exclusively on
the French for refusing to promise that
there can be no deals with terrorists. For a
long time, the French have been saying that
they make no deals with Arab terrorist
groups or with countries bankrolling them,
and so there would be no need to sign a com-
mitment proposed by The Twelve the
European Economic Community nations
to that effect in Luxembourg last month.
But for just as long a time, no matter what
they say, the French have quietly done just
that made deals whenever and wherever
they thought it would help keep the peace
from terrorist activity in their own country.
In the Lerner-Lowe classic "My Fair Lady,"
one of the lyrics declares that the French
don't actually care what you do so long as
you pronounce it correctly.
So much for the French, including Prime
Minister Jacques Chirac, who this week
passed along the story allegedly told him by
West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl and
Foreign Minister Hans-Dietrich Genscher at
that meeting of the EEC Council of
Ministers in Luxembourg to the effect that
Syria was not to blame for the bombing at-
tempt of an El Al jet in London on Apr. 17.
No, according to Chirac's retold tale, it
was the Israelis. Presumably, the Prune
Minister pronounced his words very
beautifully indeed as he reported what the
Germans now insist is a lie.
The Reagan Involvement
But what about the Greeks, who want
nothing whatever to do with an organized
war on terrorism?
Moreover, what about Ronald Reagan,
President of the United States, who now, it
is clear, has been engaging in a covert opera-
tion these last two years to trade American
arms to Iran for terrorist hostages in
Lebanon, as a three-part series ending in
The Jewish Floridian last week appears now
to have so accurately reported?
This is the same President Reagan who
has time and again made public utterrances
that he would never deal with terrorist
hostage-takers. This is the same President
Reagan who has been twisting the arms of
our so-called European allies, all of whom
except Great Britain, have refused to enter
enthusiastically into a war on terrorism
except to make nice speeches about such a
So we are back again to pretty words
beautifully pronounced, the French ideal of
the rightness of things. Only it is not just the
French who are hypocrites. So are the other
European nations for whom there are no
enemies, only customers. So is President
Reagan who, it appeared, just about con-
vinced the Europeans last week to join him
and the British in isolating Syria over the
Apr. 17 attempted bombing of the Israeli jet
at Heathrow.
That is, until the story about the U.S.
arms deal with Iran finally emerged.
Deception in Government
Now that the President's own duplicity is
a national scandal, what is there left to ex-
pect in the war on terrorism?
We can say of the French that they have
learned nothing from history, their own
especially. We can say that they did not take
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German Nazism seriously in the 1930's,
allowing Nazi and Fascist groups to flourish
freely in their country. We can say that they
fought like paper tigers against the Ger-
mans in World War II. We can say of France
that, now that it has been holding Klaus Bar-
bie, the notorious "butcher of Lyon," in jail
for the past few years, it drags its feet in
trying him.
But the French can take care of their own
wickedness. They have always been able to
do that. But in the wake of our own national
scandal, there is so much more to be said
about stealth, secrecy, deception and
outright lies in the halls of our own
Serious Talk Needed
For us, there is something sad in observ-
ing Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan (D., N.Y.)
telling a Jewish gathering m New York the
other night that he will continue his efforts
to get the United States Embassy in Israel
to move from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.
It takes two to tango Sen. Moynihan to
make the promise and the Jewish gathering,
in this instance guests of the Fourth Annual
Defender of Jerusalem Award ceremony, to
listen to him. Both are to blame for such a
wasteful presentation.
The fact is that such a move would be ab-
solutely unrealistic at this time or even in
the foreseeable future. Those who know
something about the Realpolitik of the area
also understand that the United States
operates a consular office in Jerusalem
which actually serves as an Arab affairs
center with the specific purpose of soft-
soaping Arab Israelis and even Jordanians
in the West Bank territories. This is not
what a U.S. consular office is supposed to be
doing. The purpose of a consular office is as
a regional adjunct to its embassy in the
capital of the host nation, with its specific
services to Americans not to citizens of
Insiders have long witnessed a tug of war
between the U.S. Embassy in Tel Aviv and
rmafi3age6tpeac4 an *>** Wit COAMrTTBE
the consular office in Jerusalem, which has
powers beyond just about any other or-
dinary consular office operated by any other
nation anywhere else in the world. Behind
the scenes stories abound that embassy per-
sonnel in Tel Aviv regard consular personnel
in Jerusalem as "enemies" and that the con-
flicting political, and therefore ideological,
purposes of these two offices make in-
telligent cooperation between them essen-
tially impossible.
This state of affairs symbolizes the ab-
solutely schizophrenic attitude that our
State Department has toward the status of
Jerusalem, let alone Israel, its Arab citizens,
and Arab nations nearby. In the face of such
a situation, can anyone honestly anticipate a
U.S. move of its embassy to Jerusalem soon?
It is noble of Sen. Moynihan that he main-
tains this ultimate purpose as an item on his
personal agenda. But it is of little conse-
quence. Worse, the Jewish organization
which he addressed should also have
understood this. To lend a serious ear to
such talk is demeaning not only of the ideal
that Sen. Moynihan says he espouses. It is
also demeaning to the audience.
Remembering Suez
How the '56 War Isolated Britain
Friday, November 14,1986
Volume 16
Number 30
the 30th anniversary of the
Suez affair, British public
opinion suddenly appears to
be taking a less critical view
of the events culminating in
one of this country's
greatest ever humiliations
and which catapulted the
glamorous and talented
Prime Minister Anthony
Eden from power.
This may partly reflect the cur-
rent British disenchantment with
present-day Arab nationalism. It
is also due to a new and highly ac-
claimed biography of Eden, which
views with sympathy his decision
to reply with force to Egyptian
President Gamal Abdel Nasser's
unilateral nationalization of the
Suez Canal.
THIRTY YEARS ago, Britain
and France, in secret collusion
with Israel, invaded Egypt to
regain control of the Suez Canal,
through which two-thirds of Bri-
tain's vital oil supplies were
transported. In the face of world-
wide uproar, from the United
States, Soviet Union and much of
the United Nations, the invaders
had to retreat, presenting Nasser
with a spectacular political
Recently, Britain was again at
odds with the leading Arab na-
tionalist state not Egypt but
Syria, whose involvement in the
El Al aircraft bomb plot last April
caused Britain to break off
diplomatic relations with
'Hell, Selwyn, why did
you stop? Why didn't
you go through with it
and get Nasser down?'
John Foster Dulles.
James comments: 'It
would have been better
for everyone if that had
happened ..."
As in 1956, Britain finds itself
uncomfortably isolaled. This time,
it is the Israelis and the
Americans who are siding with
Britain. But France, Britain's
1966 comrade-in-arms, has turned
a deaf ear to British pleas for
solidarity; so did the other Euro-
pean Economic Community
(EEC) partners, not to mention
the Soviet Union which stridently
supported the extreme Syrian
IT IS THE Syrians themselves
who have drawn a parallel bet-
ween the present British-Syrian
rift and the events of 1956. Syrian
officials are claiming that Britain
had conspired against Damascus
with the U.S. and Israel just as in
1956 they had plotted against
Nasser with France and Israel.
The British reappraisal of Eden
emerges in the official biography
of him by historian and fellow
Conservative Party politician
Robert Rhodes James, published
here last month.
In it, the author largely vin-
dicates Eden's motives for trying
to topple Nasser and places much
of the blame for his failure on the
slowness of Britain's military
operations, on the ambiguity of
U.S. Secretary of State John
Foster Dulles, and the doubters in
the British Cabinet.
He also excuses Eden's con-
troversial habit of equating
Nasser with Hitler or Mussolini,
pointing out that it was the then
Labor opposition leader Hugh
Gaitskell who had first made this
emotive comparison. At the same
time, James emphasizes the
danger which the revolutionary
Egyptian leader increasingly pos-
ed, with Soviet support, to British
and Western interests.
IN A SEPARATE article in the
London Times recently, James
calls Eden a frustrated
peacemaker who was driven to
force as a last resort. He says
Eden was "absolutely right" in
his assessment of Nasser, whom
he describes as an "unpleasant
and dangerous man."
He concludes, however, that
Eden "not only outlived Nasser
but saw his old opponent's
megalomaniac dreams and
stratagems collapse, his only
memorial being the divided and
embittered Middle East, and an
Egypt that has moved from fan-
tasy into cold reality."
When Dulles was almost on his
death bed, the writer recalls, he
Mid to Selwyn Lloyd, Eden's 1956
Foreign Secretary: "Hell, Selwyn,
why did you stop? Why didn't you
go through with it and get Nasser
James comments: "It would
have been better for everyone if
that had happened ..."

Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, November 14, 1986
To Do Combat
Jews Eye Farmers' Plight
Representatives of farmers'
and Jewish organizations
have joined forces to combat
the plight of American
farmers and the spread of
anti-Semitism in agrarian
areas of the country.
This nationwide effort was an-
nounced at a meeting here last
month at the headquarters of the
Union of American Hebrew Con-
gregations (UAHC), the umbrella
organization of Reform Judaism
in the U.S. and Canada. The
meeting, during the Sukkoth holi-
day, took place under a small suc-
cah where the representatives
noted that the setting was a
reminder of Judaism's agrarian
roots and the importance of the
harvest, celebrated during Suk-
koth, to both farmers and Jews.
nounced the beginning of a na-
tional petition drive to obtain one
million signatures calling on Con-
gress to declare an immediate
moratorium on farm foreclosures,
fair prices for farm products and
an emergency aid program for
farm families forced into
bankruptcy, foreclosure, and the
most extreme consequences of
The petition drive was
presented by Gertrude White, na-
tional president of Women's
American ORT, and David Golds-
tein, executive director of the
Kansas Gity (Missouri) Jewish
Community Relations Bureau,
one of the pioneer Jewish
organizations working to help the
family farmer.
The two groups have been work-
ing jointly since last April, when
Women's American ORT
presented the Kansas City JCRB
with a $25,000 grant to initiate a
farm crisis project. The distribu-
tion of the petitions is being car-
ried out by Women's American
ORT and I'AHC.
Ther* now 300 farm families
going u. jr every day, said Golds-
tein, over 100,000 farm families
per year, and he cited the accom-
panying increases in child and
spouse abuse, mental illness, "and
the hopelessness."
WHILE, speaking for Women's
American ORT and the Women's
American ORT-JCRB Farm Crisis
Project, outlined the range of pro-
jects considered for interaction
between Jewish groups and
farmers, Christian clergy, rural
media, teachers and public of-
ficials, including the consideration
of programs of direct financial aid
and the development of expanded
mental health services. "Once we
started learning about their
(farmers') problems, we felt we
had a moral responsibility toward
White explained that "as the
vocational and technical training
arm of the Jewish people, ORT ap-
preciates the importance of pro-
ductive labor, both as a means of
livelihood and because it cannot be
separated from the dignity of the
individual or the wealth of society.
We feel a tremendous affinity for
these farm families."
Goldstein said his agency first
became involved in the farm crisis
through investigations into the
rabidly racist, anti-Semitic broad-
casts of radio station KTTL-FM in
Dodge City, Kansas, whose
religious sermons advocated
violence against Jews, blacks and
law enforcement officials.
HE SAID that as members of
the Kansas City JCRB learned
more about the extremists, they
simultaneously learned about the
problems of family farmers, and
"determined that for our own
security it was necessary to
develop a program to combat anti-
Semitism and racism because of
our religious and social values,
and the tradition of Jewish com-
munity relations agencies in
aiding people in pain."
The petition, said Goldstein, "is
the centerpiece of a multifaceted
program to educate and involve
urban Jews and through Jews
other urban people in action on
the farm crisis."
Goldstein stressed the ap-
propriateness "for Jews and
farmers to work together."
Among other Jewish agencies
working to alleviate the farm
crisis, he said, were the Des
Moines, Iowa, Jewish Community
Relations Council, which provided
about $10,000 to farm families for
emergency survival assistance,
and the Minnesota Jewish Com-
munity Relations Council Anti-
Defamation League, which
established a person-to-person
program bringing together Jews
and farmers for "discussion and
St. Louis American Jewish Com-
mittee, which, through former Lt.
Gov. Harriett Woods, began a
hotline offering legal advice to
Alexander Schindler, president
of the UAHC, announcing the
UAHC participation in the peti-
tion drive, noted the place of Jews
alongside farmers. "Judaism
teaches a respect for the land and
those who till it ... We must
revere the farmer as much as the
scholar, for both do the Lord's
work. It is our solemn obligation
to make certain that they will not
be denied the fruits of their
The UAHC's Committee on
Social Action passed a resolution
last April "to undertake educa-
tional activities, to inform its con-
gregations and affiliates of the
Jewish and urban steak" in the
farm crisis.
Schindler noted that the UAHC
effort grew from the April resolu-
tion, which called the farm crisis
"the most severe since the Great
Depression" and urged legislative
action to "stem the tide of farm
foreclosures, offer reasonable and
immediate debt relief to farmers
in severe economic crisis and ad-
dress the ongoing social service
needs of farm and rural
DAVID SENTER, national
director of the American
Agriculture Movement who gave
up his farm and brought his family
to Washington, D.C. to lobby Con-
gress for legislation favorable to
the farmer, described the farm
crisis as rapidly becoming "an ir-
reversible situation" brought
about by the greed of a small
number of giant companies that
do everything from buying the
fruits of the harvest to packaging
it and distributing it.
They, and the Reagan Ad-
ministration's farm policies, he
said, have been responsible for the
disastrous proportions of the farm
crisis, reducing the number of
farmers until ownership of the
land rests in the fewest possible
In accepting the petition, Cy
Carpenter, president of the Na-
tional Farmers Union, welcomed
"the special efforts of our Jewish
friends in undertaking to help us
correct the injustice that is being
imposed on American farmers...
Those of the Jewish faith have
written a proud and productive
history of involvement and leader-
ship, and more than their share of
caring and sharing when people
are denied or oppressed."
Take Off
There were no classes last Thurs-
day (Nov. 6) for tens of thousands
of school children from the third
grade up as teachers walked off
the job for the second successive
day to protest the late payment of
their salaries.
Most teachers had in fact receiv-
ed their October checks by last
Thursday The walkout was to ex-
press solidarity with those who
did not. Meanwhile, the Education
and Finance Ministries continued
to argue over the disbursement of
funds from the education budget.
The Finance Ministry insists
there are sufficient funds
available to pay all teachers on
time. The Education Ministry con-
tends that it needs the monies for
other priorities and will not accept
dictation from the Treasury.
where shopping is a pleasure 7doys o week
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-> r>

Volume 16 Number 30
Hollywood, Florida Friday, November 14, 1986
Price 35 Cents
Israel Confesses Dimona Atom Technician 'Under Lawful Detention'
JERUSALEM (JTA) The government
acknowledged Sunday that Mordechai Vanunu, a former
technician at the Dimona nuclear facility reported missing
from London Oct. 1, is being held "under lawful detention '
in Israel.
THE GOVERNMENT emphatically denied that he
was kidnapped by Israeli agents and brought to Israel
against his will. It did not say, however, how he came to
Israel or when. Vanunu disappeared shortly after he gave a
story to a British newspaper that Israel has built up an
arsenal of nuclear weapons over the last 20 years.
Continued on Page 10
Chirac: Israel Behind Bomb Attempt

Elie Wiesel (right), winner of this year's Nobel
Peace Prize and 25th honorary alumnus of
Yeshiva University to be honored by the Nobel
committee, talks with Yeshiva University
students following a series of lectures on
In Senate, House
Jewish attitudes toward learning, writing,
and remembering. Wiesel was awarded an
honorary Doctor of Humane Letters by the
university in 197S and has served on the
university's Board of Trustees since 1977.
Tells Newsman He Heard
It At EEC Council Meet
Minister Jacques Chirac is
attempting to defuse an in-
ternational political scandal
and possible domestic crisis
touched off by his remark to
an American journalist that
Israel rather than Syria was
implicated in the attempt to
smuggle explosives aboard
an El Al airliner at Lon-
don's Heathrow Airport last
Apr. 17.
According to Arnaud de Bor-
chgrave, editor of the Washington
Times which published the story
Friday, Chirac attributed the ver-
sion of events to West German
Chancellor Helmut Kohl and
Foreign Minister Hans-Dietrich
Genscher in conversation at a
Prime Minister Chirac
meeting of the European
Economic Community's (EEC)
Continued on Page 11
Pope Invited to Day
Of Prayer in Jerusalem
Jewish Candidates Fared Very Well
By DAVID FRIEDMAN seeking reelection to the
WASHINGTON (JTA) Senate and House won last
- All Jewish incumbents Tuesday (Nov. 4). In addi-
tion, one Jewish newcomer
was elected to the House,
Benjamin Cardin (D., Md.).
This keeps the number of Jews
in the Senate at eight, evenly split
between Democrats and
Republicans. In the House the
number of Jews in the 100th Con-
gress will be 29, one less than at
present because two incumbents
gave up their House seats to make
unsuccessful bids for the Senate.
Rep. Ken Kramer (R.. Col.) was
defeated by Rep. Timothy Wirth
(D., Col.) for the Senate seat being
vacated by Sen. Gary Hart. Rep.
Bobbi Fiedler (R., Cal.) lost earlier
in the year in the California
Republican primary election for
the Senate.
HOWEVER, the number of
Jews in the House could still be 30
next year depending on what hap-
pens in New York's 27th Congres-
sional District where Rosemary
Pooler, a Democrat who is active
in the Syracuse Jewish communi-
ty, was locked in a close race with
Rep. George Wortley (R., N.Y.).
The outcome was expected to de-
pend on absentee ballots.
Among several Jews who failed
to win House seats was Bella Ab-
zug, who in 1970 was the first
Continued on Pace 8
John Paul II, who invited
representatives of all faiths
to a "day of prayer for
peace" in Assisi last month,
was himself invited last
Thursday to lead a day of
prayer against war and ter-
rorism in Jerusalem.
The occasion was a Papal au-
dience which concluded the se-
cond International Catholic-
Jewish Theological Colloquium at-
tended by about 70 Catholic and
Jewish Scholars from Israel, the
U.S., West Germany and Rome.
The three branches of Judaism
Orthodox, Conservative and
Reform were represented. The
invitation to the Pope was extend-
ed by Nathan Perlmutter, na-
tional director of the Anti-
Defamation League of B'nai
B'rith, one of the organizers of the
Continued on Page 10
Moynihan Says
U.S. Should Move Tel Aviv Embassy
Sen. Moynihan
Sen. Daniel Moynihan (D.,
N.Y.) has vowed to continue
efforts to move the United
States Embassy in Israel
from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.
"The State of Israel has a
right under international
law to declare Jerusalem its
capital," the lawmaker told
300 guests at the presenta-
tion of the Fourth Annual
Defender of Jerusalem
Award last Thursday night
at the Metropolitan Museum
of Art.
"Jerusalem is far more than
just a political capital," Moynihan
declared. "It embodies and sym-
bolizes three millenia of Jewish ac-
complishments and aspirations.
The United States government
would do well to follow Costa
Rica's example."
COSTA RICA was the first
country to put its Embassv in
Continued on Page 8


Invitation to Abram, Hoenlein
Friday, November 14, 1386/Tte JcyJsK FloHdiah of South BrowardHoDywood Paige 5
YORK Morris B.
chairman of the Con-
of Presidents of Major
American Jewish Organizations,
and Malcolm Hoenlein, executive
director, have accepted invita-
tions from the U.S. State Depart-
ment to serve as public members
of the U.S. delegation to the
follow-up conference on the
Helsinki accords that began in
Vienna last week. They were ask-
ed to serve by Warren Zimmer-
man, chief of the U.S. delegation
to the meeting.
The two Jewish leaders are
among 15 prominent Americans
taking part in the Vienna con-
ference, known formally as the
Follow-Up Meeting of the Con-
ference on Security and Coopera-
tion in Europe (CSCE).
AT THE MEETING, expected
to run for six weeks, the 35 par-
ticipating states will review the
status of all issues covered by the
1975 Helsinki Final Act and the
1988 Madrid Concluding
In inviting Abram and Hoenlein
to participate in the Vienna
meeting, Zimmerman wrote:
"Public members provide
several important services to our
CSCE delegations. They help call
public attention to the CSCE pro-
cess and to U.S. objectives within
it. Foremost among these at Vien-
Members of L'Chaim AZA No.
2370 (Boca Raton) and B'nai
Israel AZA No. 232 (Hollywood)
recently got together for some
friendly competition. The time,
Saturday evening; the place, Pom-
pano Beach; the game,
"whirlyball," a popular new sport
played much like lacrosse but us-
ing bumper cars, a plastic ball,
and hand-held "scoopers" to catch
and throw the ball. Over 15
members of each chapter were in
on the fun which served to
strengthen relations between the
two groups. The winner of the
match, B'nai Israel, which soundly
won both games played.
The program was set up by the
two chapter Presidents, David
Rodstein of L'Chaim and Jason
Sampson of B'nai Israel. Ar-
rangements for the whirlyball
game were handled by Todd
Stein, L'Chaim's Programming
Vice President.
B'nai Zion Southeast Region
will hold its next Executive Board
Meeting on Monday, Nov. 17, at
7:30 p.m. at Beach Federal Sav-
ings and Loan (formerly, Sunrise
Savings and Loan), 1110 East
Hallandale Beach Blvd., in Hallan-
dale, announced Regional Presi-
dent, Sam Aboulafia. The guest
speaker will be Steven S. Goldrat,
Counter-terrorism Specialist. The
meeting is open to the public. For
further information, phone the
B'nai Zion Regional Office,
Business and Professional
Branch No. 1096 is sponsoring a
special program on "The New Tax
Law and How It Affects Today's
Wage Earners." Martin Rosen,
CPA, will be guest speaker.
This program will take place
Friday, Nov. 21, 7:30 p.m. at
Denny's Restaurant, 5580 W.
Oakland Park Blvd. (corner of In-
verrary Blvd.), Lauderhill.
Refreshments will be served.
Seating is limited, so please call
for your reservation. In
Hollywood, call Barbara Moore:
922-1144; in Fort Lauderdale, call
Hy Kaplan: 733-3790; Miami:
na is improved implementation by
the participating states notably
the Soviet Union and its East
European allies of their
Helsinki and Madrid
"Public members are a source of
valuable expertise and experience
concerning CSCE compliance
failures that should be brought to
light and effective ways of doing
so. In addition, public members
serve as a unique means of two-
way communication between the
delegation and concerned consti-
tuencies at home."
Each public member of the U.S.
delegation is asked to spend at
least two weeks in Vienna. Abram
and Hoenlein will attend the
meetings separately.
Vienna meeting, Zimmerman
"Although the CSCE balance
sheet has shown mixed results to
date, the basic fact of the CSCE
process has been the failure of the
Soviet Union and, to varying
degrees, its East European allies
to comply with their Helsinki com-
mitments. As Secretary Shultz
stated in 1985: 'Ten years after
the signing of the Final Act, no
one can deny the gap between
hope and performance. Despite
the real value of the Final Act as a
standard of conduct, the most im-
portant promises of a decade ago
have not been kept.'
"Egregious new compliance
failures occur and old ones con-
tinue. The Soviet Union still oc-
cupies Afghanistan and imprisons
and otherwise penalizes its own
citizens for exercising the rights
and freedoms promised in the
Final Act. Despite the recent
resolution of several cases, many
Soviet citizens married to
Americans are cruelly separated
from their spouses by official
denial of exit permission.
"The number of Soviet Jews
allowed to emigrate mainly for
family reunification, has fallen
drastically from the levels permit-
ted in the late 1970s. The same is
true for Soviet citizens of German
and Armenian nationality.
Recently, U.S. reporter Nicholas
Daniloff was taken hostage on
fabricated charges of espionage
in flagrant violation of CSCE
pledges concerning the treatment
of journalists ...
"FOR THE U.S. and its NATO
allies at Vienna, the primary aim
is to improve significantly
Eastern compliance with all the
principles and provisions of the
Helsinki and Madrid documents.
At the outset, the West will
review thoroughly Eastern per-
formance, raising specific pro-
blems in conference sessions and
Morris Abram
bilateral meetings.
"Another important aim is ...
to ensure human rights are given
at least equal weight with other
CSCE elements The suc-
cessful outcome of the Stockholm
security talks highlights the need
to address human problems
Malcolm Hoenlein
human rights, basic freedoms, and
humanitarian cooperation. Tangi-
ble steps in these fields are
necessary if the CSCE process is
to advance. It is important that
new steps forward be based solid-
ly on significant improvement in
compliance with existing
800 U.S. Soldiers in Israel
To Join UN Sinai Force
military aircraft will land 800
American soldiers in Israel later
this month to bring the American
contingent of the United Nations
peace observer force in Sinai up to
full strength.
Military transports are being us-
ed for the first time because of the
crash of a chartered civilian plane
over Newfoundland last
December which killed 248
Marines on their way home from
duty in Sinai.
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Chirac Says
Friday, November 14, 1986/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 11
Israel Was Behind Jet Plane Bomb Attempt
Continued from Page 1
Council of Ministers in Luxem-
bourg: last month.
statement Friday saying that "the
interpretation given to his com-
ments" to Borchgrave "is devoid
of foundation." It was noted im-
mediately here and abroad that
Chirac's statement fell short of a
The West Germans reacted
angrily, and an Israeli official said
he was "staggered" by the
"unbelievable," "ridiculous"
story. Borchgrave said on French
television Saturday that if the
French "call me a liar" his
newspaper would print the full
transcript in his taped interview
with Chirac.
Reinhard Bettzuege, spokesman
for the Foreign Ministry in Bonn,
said, "This story is pure invention
which we totally, clearly and une-
quivocally deny." Earlier,
Friedhelm Ost, a spokesman f,
Kohl, said, "Aside from the fact
that we are consulting Chirac, the
West German government has
never had such information
(regarding the airliner bomb at-
tempt) and therefore could never
have given such information to
the French government."
AT A MEETING with French
Jewish community leaders here
Sunday night, scheduled long
before the Washington Times
story appeared, Chirac avoided
the subject and was not pressed.
At the Luxembourg meeting in
question, British Foreign
Secretary Sir Geoffrey Howe urg-
ed Britain's EEC partners to take
strong measures against Syria for
its alleged involvement in interna-
tional terrorism.
According to the Washington
Times report, Chirac "pooh-
poohed" the evidence against
Syria, submitted by Britain at the
EEC meeting. He allegedly told
Borchgrave that he did not know
the real truth but that Kohl and
Genscher told him Syria was not
involved in the bomb plot, though
Israel's secret service Mossad
may have masterminded the
whole affair with the help of
Syrian dissidents who wanted to
discredit President Hafez Assad
Temple Beth El
Friday, Nov. 14 World Af-
fairs, 10 a.m.; Mental Health, 1
p.m.; Shabbat Service, 8 p.m.
Saturday, Nov. 16 Torah
Study, 10:15 a.m.; Shabbat Ser-
vice, 11 a.m.
Sunday, Nov. 16 Blood Drive,
9 a.m.; Brotherhood Golf Outing,
9 a.m.
104 Jews Exit
104 Soviet Jews were permitted
to leave the Soviet Union in Oc-
tober, according to the Coalition
to Free Soviet Jews. This brings
the 1986 Jewish emigration total
so far to 735. In 1984, only 896
Soviet Jews were given permis-
sion to leave, and last year, 1,140
were granted exit visas.
Greenwald Elected
- Dr. David Greenwald has been
elected to a second term as presi-
dent of the Jewish Federation of
Greater Wilkes-Barre.
and bring down his government.
BORCHGRAVE said Chirac
asked not to be quoted directly on
this matter but agreed to have his
remarks paraphrased.
Chirac's own party, the neo-
Gaullist Rally for the Republic
(RPR), and the opposition
Socialist Party took the Prime
Minister to task over the weekend
for having been at best naive to
put himself and his government in
an embarrassing position. Of-
ficials close to Chirac said he may
have been entrapped by Bor-
chgrave, a hardline conservative,
whom he believed mistakenly to
represent The Washington Post.
The Washington Times is a
rightwing newspaper owned by
the Rev. Sun Yung Moon.
Since his election victory over
the Socialists last Mar. 15, Chirac
has tried to improve his relations
with Israel and with French Jews.
His reception by Jewish leaders
here Sunday night was decidedly
Theo Klein, president of the
Representative Council of Major
French Jewish Organizations
(CRIF), alluded to the
Washington Times report in his
introductory remarks. "You are
our host, and we shall ask you no
questions. We nonetheless hope
that you will answer the question
which is on all of our minds," he
The Prime Minister, who sat
between Israeli Ambassador
Ovadia Soffer and French Chief
Rabbi Rene Sirat, carefully avoid-
ed the issue.
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