The Jewish Floridian of South Broward

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Material Information

Title:
The Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Running title:
Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood
Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood
Uncontrolled:
Jewish Floridian of South County
Physical Description:
Newspaper
Language:
English
Publisher:
Fred Shochet
Place of Publication:
Hollywood, Fla

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Hollywood (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Broward County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Broward -- Hollywood

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 13, no. 23 (Nov. 11, 1983)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issue for July 7, 1989 called no. 11 but constitutes no. 13.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statement conflict: Aug. 4, 1989 called no. 14 in masthead and no. 15 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44513894
lccn - sn 00229542
ocm44513894
System ID:
AA00014306:00055

Related Items

Related Items:
Jewish Floridian
Preceded by:
Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood


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Full Text
Thejewish
of South Broward
Volume 16 Number 3
Hollywood, Florida Friday, January 17, 1986
F'tdSnocnn
Price 35 Cents
Jewish PACS
How Powerful
Are They?
By ARTHUR J. MAGIDA
Copyright Baltimore Jtttmh Timm
AU Publication Right* Raervtd
Last year a king's ransom was
pouring into Maryland's third con-
gressional district. The money
came not only from outside the
district, but from outside the
state. All of it was destined for the
race between 11-term Con-
gressman Clarence Long and
challenger Helen Bentley.
A hefty share of these contribu-
tions did not come from in- '
dividuals or from the Republican I
or Democratic parties, but from a .
controversial and extremely af-:
fluent vehicle for funneling.
money to candidates political:
action committees, more common-'
ty known as PACs. f
PACs sent more than $617,000
to the Long-Bentley race. Pro-
Israel PACs were no slouches
when it came to the campaign:
Making up barely 4 percent of the
PACs in the country, Jewish
PACs contributed more than 31
percent of the PAC money flow-
ing to the third congressional
district
The $160,660 that Jewish PACs
pumped into Long's warchest
came from around the country. It
indicated both the Jewish com-
munity's regard for Long and the
consensus among Jewish PACs
no matter where they were based
on congressional priorities.
FROM WASHINGTON, D.C.'s
Capitol PAC came $1,500. From
Denver's Committee for 18 came
$2,000. From New York's Round-
table PAC came $6,500. From
Tucson's Desert Caucus came
$10,000. There seemed to be a
unanimity around the country
that "Doc" Long, chairman of the
House subcommittee that con-
trolled U.S. aid to Israel, needed
Jewish help. More Jewish PAC
money, in fact, went to Long than
to anyone else running for a
House seat.
Helen Bentley also did well with
PAC contributions. Her campaign
Scketed $214,378 from PACs.
uch of this came from PACs
organized by such firms as the
Bechtel Corporation and the
Amoco, Exxon, Shell, Sun and
Union oil companies. All of these
often support pro-Arab U.S.
policies.
On election day, Helen Bentley
won the seat that Clarence Long
had held since 1962 by a 2 percent
margin.
Not a single pro-Israel PAC had
contributed to Bentley's cam-
paign. Not one, that is, until one
month after her victory. On
December 3, 1984, the Delaware
Valley PAC of Philadelphia -
which had spent $10,000 on
Long's campaign gave Bentley
a check for $1,000.
IN THE jargon of PACmen,
this is called "Get Smart Fast"
money. There is nothing illegal
about it. There is nothing
unethical about it. It reflects no
sleight of hand accounting or
backroom wheeling and dealing.
It was duly reported to the
Federal Election Commission and
is on public record at the comis-
sion's headquarters on K Street in
Washington.
"After Nov. 3, Helen Bentley
was the boss," said Delaware
Valley PAC President Robert
Colder, explaining his PACs con-
tribution to the congresswoman.
"The Jewish community is now
trying to win her over. She's
tough, but she took the money."
Delaware Valley's contribution
to Bentley helped her settle her
campaign debt "It lets her sleep
better at night" said GoWer. If
Golder's investment pays off, it
will let him, too, sleep better at
Ceatiaaed oa Page S-


Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, January 17, 1986
International Newsline
Young People Want Information About Holocaust
NEW YORK (JTA) Young
people are demanding more infor-
mation about the Nazi Holocaust
but many among the older genera-
tion are not adequately respon-
ding, according to Prof. Raul
Hilberg, a leading scholar of the
Holocaust.
Hilberg, professor of political
science at the University of Ver-
mont, led a three-day seminar and
symposium on the Holocaust,
"Perpetrators, Victims and
Bystanders," sponsored by the In-
ternational Center for Holocaust
Studies of the Anti-Defamation
League of B'nai B'rith.
Addressing some 100 par-
ticipants in the opening reception,
he said that while there is a desire
on the part of those born after
World War II for study courses
that provide insight into the
origins and impact of the destruc-
tion of European Jewry by the
Nazis, universities have not
developed courses or supplied
funds for adequate programs.
The conference, held at ADL's
headquarters in New York last
month, was attended by
educators, clergymen and com-
munity leaders.
According to Nat Kameny,
chairman of the Center's newly
established Advisory Board, the
seminar was a "pathbreaking
event in Holocaust studies and set
the tone and direction for vitally
needed research into the
Holocaust."
In the session dealing with
"Bystanders," Hilberg, author of
"The Destruction of the European
Jews," cited the "absence of
response to the Holocaust," par-
ticularly by the United States.
Suggesting that American in-
tervention would have made a dif-
ference, he said, "the Nazis feared
retaliation."
Hilberg said American Jewish
leaders during World War II "un-
fortunately had an expectation of
failure" in their efforts to per-
suade President Roosevelt to help
save European Jewry from the
Nazis. "They themselves," he
went on, "subscribed to the argu-
Katyusha Rockets Rain
Down on the Galilee
By Hugh Orgel
TEL AVIV (JTA) Many
residents of Kiryat Shemona
recently spent a night in bomb
shelters for the first time in mon-
ths after a volley of Katyusha
rockets rained down on Galilee
from Lebanon. There were no
casualties. Some windows were
smashed and several cars were
damaged by splinters.
Premier Shimon Peres told
reporters that the people of
Kiryat Shemona and other set-
tlements and towns in Upper
Galilee can rest assured they will
not be abandoned by the govern-
ment, and the appropriate
measures will be taken to protect
them from terrorist attacks.
Earlier, Defense Minister Yit-
zhak Rabin telephoned Kiryat
Shemona's Mayor, Prosper
Azran, with similar assurances.
Maj. Gen. Ori Orr, commander of
the northern sector, visited the
town. He said the Israel Defense
Force would act swiftly against
the sources of the rocket fire as
soon as they are found.
One of his aides remarked,
"Once we knew who was responsi-
ble for the Katyusha attacks, but
now Lebanon is a wild jungle."
Nevertheless, this latest outburst
is believed related to the 25th an-
niversary of the founding of the
Palestine Liberation Organiza-
tion's Fatah.
Peres said there was no specific
plan for combatting terrorism,
and the IDF's reaction would be
determined by who is responsible
in each individual case. A specific
response is required in each in-
stance, he said.
He doubted reports that ter-
rorists were about to establish
bases on Egyptian soil. Egypt will
prevent this, he said, adding that
Israel and Egypt were close to
achieve a joint solution to the
various points of dispute between
them. He said he thought Presi-
dent Hosni Mubarak is intent on
improving relations with Israel.
Uri Lubrani, coordinator of
government activities in Lebanon,
told the Army Radio that he did
not perceive a dramatic increase
in terrorist activities, such as
Katyusha attacks, but admitted
there was some increase in the
number and frequency of in-
cidents. This was anticipated and
it's still at a tolerable level, he
said.
Meanwhile, the Israel-backed
South Lebanon Army (SLA)
poured tank and artillery fire into
three Shiite villages north of the
security zone in retaliation for
several attacks on SLA patrols
and positions in the zone. Reports
from Lebanon said three houses
were destroyed in Tibnine village,
and two in Hadata, and a
schoolhouse was hit in Eita E-
Zout. There were no reports of
casualties.
Sources of the United Nations
Interim Force in Lebanon
(UNIFIL) said the IDF recently
shelled targets north of the securi-
ty zone.
The SLA continued to shell
targets north of the security zone
and exchanged fire with Moslem
militia. Reports from Lebanon
said SLA targets included the
port of Sidon, the central sector
and the Bekaa Valley in the east.
Canadian War Inquiry Extended
TORONTO (JTA) The
Cabinet has extended by six mon-
ths the official inquiry into Nazi
war criminals living in Canada,
conducted by former Quebec
Superior Court Judge Jules
Deschenes who was named a one-
man commission by the govern-
ment a year ago.
The commission has so far iden-
tified 600 alleged Nazis in Canada,
including 15 against whom serious
charges have been made. No
names have been made public.
Deschenes was to have submitted
his final report and recommenda-
tions last month. The extension of
his mandate until the end of June,
1986, will give him the opportuni-
ty to send two aides to the Soviet
Union and four other Eastern
European countries to gather fur-
ther evidence.
Ukrainian and Baltic emigre
groups in Canada have protested
vehemently, maintaining that any
evidence obtained from Com-
munist sources would be
"tainted." Many war criminals ex-
posed to date in the U.S. and
Canada are not Germans but
Ukrainians or Latvians who work-
ed for the Nazis during World
War II.
ment that the primary task was to
defeat the Germans."
Other points made by Hilberg
were:
One of the main reasons why
Germany went to war and invaded
the Soviet Union was to imple-
ment its policy of destroying
European Jewry. "It was a total
showdown not only with Russia,"
he said, "but with East European
Jews."
German bureaucrats im-
plemented the "Final Solution"
zealously and vigorously with
comparatively little prodding
from Hitler and the top echelon of
Nazi Germany. By contrast, the
Italian bureaucracy deported
almost no Jews from territory
which they occupied during World
War II because of a different
mentality.
Jewish leaders or members of
the "Judenrat" were "blind" to
the reality of the Holocaust and
were dependent on what the Ger-
mans told them about "resettle-
ment." Although many Jewish
leaders were aware the deportees
were being sent to death camps,
others were not. In Hungary, as
late as 1944, some Jewish leaders
still believed that Jews were being
sent away for "resettlement."
Many Holocaust victims ac-
cepted the premise that the Ger-
mans in the end would act ra-
tionally and that if they were
"productive" and made
themselves indispensable," their
lives would be spared. By so do-
ing, they adhered to "an ancient
Jewish tradition of accommoda-
tion to those who subjugated
them."
Participating with Hilberg ir.
the symposium part of the con-
ference were Frances Henry,
author of "Victims and
Neighbors: A Small Town in Ger-
many Remembered" and Henry
Feingold, author of "The Politics
of Rescue: The Roosevelt Ad-
ministration and the Holocaust,
1938-1945."
In addition to participating in
the conference as the Center's
first scholar-in-residence, Hilberg
also discussed new directions for
Holocaust research and education
with the Center's Advisory Board,
whose members represent five
countries. He made an appeal for
more support for primary
research into the Holocaust.
ADL's International Center for
Holocaust Studies, a research and
educational institute founded in
1977 and directed by Dr. Dennis
Klein, holds conferences on the
Holocaust and makes materials
and educational techniques
available to public, private and
parochial institutions, as well as
community and religious groups.
Programs scheduled for 1986 by
the Center include on Feb. 13
an exploration into the ethical and
political dimensions of Holocaust
rescue, by Prof. Philip Hallie of
Wesleyan University and author
Elenore Lester; and, on April 10,
an examination of "The Holocaust
in the American Mind," featuring
Robert Abzug, associate professor
of history at the University of
Texas.
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Friday, January 17, 19867The Jewish. Floridian of South Broward-HoUywood Page 3


JCCentertainers Theater Premiere 'Chicago'
i Reporters (rather for one of the press conferences in the musical "Chicago."
PfcotM by Joka Carru
One of the singers in "Chicago" delivers her song from
behind jail bars.
It was dress rehearsal.
On stage the spotlight il-
luminated actors reciting their
lines.
A few seats away were two
young prompters, children of ac-
tors in the show, also reciting tne
lines word-for-word.
"They know the lines better
than their parents," whispered
Harry Eichler, who is director of
the JCCentertainers premiere
production of the musical
"Chicago" which opens Jan. 18 at
Miramar High School.
"They watch their parents
rehearse! at home," he said.
And then the parents often
with children in tow come to
rehearsal. Five nights a week
now, three to four hours a night
all day Sunday.
"The cast becomes like a fami-
ly," Eichler added. And it has
been a family affair, bringing peo-
ple together throughout South
Broward.
"If s been a tremendous ex-
perience," Eichler said.
Auditions for "Chicago" began
approximately six months ago for
the new theater group at the JCC,
and now opening night is just a
week away.
"It all really comes together in
the last week," Eichler said.
The choice of the musical
"Chicago" is a paradox since
musicals are estremely dif-
ficult to produce because of the
need for actors, singers, dancers
and musicians.
"It's a big dance show with
about 20 songs," Eichler said.
"But I felt it was important that
a brand new theater group pro-
duce a show which people would
walk away from and say, "That's a
very professional group.' "
Women's Perspective
By Lynda Wilenti
SHE'S COME A LONG WAY
Meral Ehrenstein's come a long way to be with us. In fact, she's
come thousands of miles from the romantic and exciting city of
Istanbul.
Meral's father was the acknowledged leader of the Jewish com-
munity in a predominantly Sephardic society where this leader-
ship carried the meaning of secular command as well as religious
command. Meral grew up in a Moslem country, a Catholic school
and a Jewish home. This type of education strengthened her inner
bonding to Judaism in that on the outside she learned what the
others had to offer, but on the inside she knew the merits of
Judaism. This we attribute not only to her father, but to her lov-
ing mother who set a formidable example of the perfect Jewish
woman.
After High School Meral was sent to France to study literature
and languages. She furthered her education in Jerusalem and
then returned to Turkey to become a multi-lingual interpreter.
She married her high school sweetheart, Fred Ehrenatein who
brought her to the United States where he completed his medical
training. At first glance Mend's most lasting impressions of
American Jewish Society were it's frank openess as far as
charities, institutions and schools were concerned. In Turkey this
was not the case, everything there being done with the least
amount of exposure as possible so that the Jewish community
would not make waves. Meral, Fred, and their children arrived in
Florida in 1973 to set up a new life. Meral has been on the General
Federation Board for six years, has been on the Education Com-
mittee of the General Board since its inception and then chaired it
from 1981 to 1988.
Hard work culminated in her becoming president of the
South Broward Women's Division in 1984. As president Meral
has communicated a sense of cohesiveness to the board members
and has been innovative in many approaches in responding to
uie neeas oi tne community. Une such approach is her idea for the
"Big Event" luncheon to take place on Feb. 19 instead of the
multiple luncheons of years past.
As a board member I can attest to the fact that Meral Ehrena-
tein has brought to us a unique understanding of the Jewish past
and a unique vision of what the Jewish future could be. Her theme
has been that there are so many glorious and positive things about
our past we should dewll on them and pass them on to our
children. She believes that our very existence now is proof that
G-d has taken a particular interest in us and we should conduct
ourselves in a way worthy of this special privilege.
More than 100 people are in the
cast and crew. The youngest is 11
and the oldest are in their 70s.
"One of the things that I've
age of the actors and actresses,
ages of the actors and acresses.
This is terrific therapy for some
people," Eichler added.
Eichler, who is a JCC vice presi-
dent, is no stranger to community
theater. This is his third produc-
tion in Florida. He helped start
the Beth Shalom Players.
Robert Pasin, 28, of Hollywood,
is playing the male lead. "I always
forget how much time is involved.
After I get done with one of these
productions, I say, 'Never again,'
out men uie smeii ot tne grease
paint, the roar of the crowd ...,"
Pasin joked.
Added Steve Gottlieb, of Pern
broke Pines, who plays a nebish
type of character in the play: "My
wife made me sign a contract. It's
the last play I can do for a while or
I can't go back home."
Jack and Janet Malamud called
the play a wonderful experience.
"It's been fun. I'm part of a
team that wants to put on a play,"
Malamud said.
That team got together for a
New Year's Day crew, cast and
family at the Malamuds' home.
"I love it I love the people,"
said Mrs. Malamud, who has
directed and produced children's
plays and previously sang with the
Gold Medal Singers. Mrs.
Malamud plays a reporter in
"Chicago."
"I find it so exciting, especially
because Jack and I are involved
in building a real, permanent
theater at the JCC," said Mrs.
Malamud.
Through a generous contribu-
tion by the Malamuds, the
tneater at tne David Posnack
Jewish Community Center on the
Nina and Louis Silverman Cam-
pus will be named after Mr.
Malamud's late wife, Anne.
And now the family is pulling
together for the last week of
rehearsal before the curtain rises
and the lights go on.
For more information about the
JCCentertainers, call the JCC at
921-6511. Performances will be
held on Jan. 18, 19, 23 and 25 at
Miramar High School. For infor-
mation about tickets, please con-
tact Ed Hoffman at 983-4722 or
983-4209 or Seymour Berzofsky
at 962-1112 or Dene Gross at the
JCC.
Mark Talisman to Lead
Germany-Israel Mission
The Jewish Federation of
South Broward is taking
another step forward in in-
novative and interesting mis-
sion programming with the
first-ever mission to Germany
and Israel.
Mark Talisman, the
scholar-in-residence who
brought his unique historical
insight to the Federation's
Prague-Budapest-Israel Mis-
sion last year, will again bring
his knowledge and on the
Germany-Israel Mission.
Talisman, director of the
Washington office of the
Council of Jewish Federa-
tions, is the Jewish leader
who negotiated with the
Czechoslovakian state
authorities for permission to
develop "The Precious
Legacy" exhibition which has
toured the United States.
On the Germany-Israel Mis-
sion, participants will meet
the people who helped shape
the Germany of today and the
new generation of Jewish
community leaders in Berlin.
They will visit the world-
famous Holocaust Archives
and walk through the Death
Camps Dachau and
Bergen- Belsen.
The mission group will be
hosted during its stay in Ger-
many bv former Chancellor
Mark Talisman
Willie Brandt, Munich's
Mayor Rommel and represen-
tative of the Adenauer
Foundation.
After Germany, the mission
group will then travel to
Israel, the Jewish state which
was born out of the ashes of
the Holocaust. They will walk
through the old city of
Jerusalem. Meet with top
Israeli officials.
-----------------~wj,v. iVW.
Destinations: Frankfurt,
Munich, Berlin and Israel.
For more information, con-
tact Rae Bein at 921-8810.
Coming Events
JANUARY
Jan. 15 Hallandale Jewish Center
cocktail party, 416 NE Eighth Ave., 3:30 p.m.
Jan. 19 Professional Young Leadership
Division breakfast, Hemmingway
Restaurant, 10:30 p.m.
Jan. 23 Business Executive Forum,
Emerald Hills Country Club, 5:15 p.m.
Jan. 26 Hallandale Jewish Center
breakfast.
FEBRUARY
Feb. 9 Olympus cocktail party.
Feb. 9 Malaga UJA/Federation cocktail
party, Social Hall, 6 p.m.
Feb. 19 Women's Division Big Event
with TV Journalist Marvin Kalb and Rabbi
Marshall T. Meyer of Congregation B'nai
Jeshurun in New York.
Feb. 23 Olympus breakfast.
Feb. 23 Oceanview fundraiser.
INFORMATION
For information regarding campaign events,
contact 921-8810.
I


Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, January 17, 1986
Opinions
Insight
Peres Reflects on Term
Jerusalem In an exclusive end-of-the-year interview with
Near East Report, Prime Minister Shimon Peres said that he is
proud of the record of the national unity government which he
heads. "The record of the past 14 months is an impressive one. I
did not achieve everything, but many things which people thought
could not be achieved were."
Peres was noncommital about his future political plans and, in
this interview, refrained from his almost ritualistic reaffirmation
of his commitment to turn the Prime Minister's job over to Vice
Premier Yitzhak Shamir in October. He said that if his commit-
ment to the rotation with Shamir runs up against a Likud veto of
his peace policies, anything is possible. "I will make the decision
when the time comes."
Peres seemed to indicate that he is courting the religious par-
ties for possible inclusion in a future Peres-led government. He is
also determined to improve overall relations between the Or-
thodox and non-Orthodox communities. "The religious parties
supported two important decisions of ours. They voted with us to
end the war in Lebanon, and they are quite supportive of our posi-
tion on Taba." However, Peres has no intention of going along
with the religious bloc's plans to amend the Law of Return a
move designed to establish the primacy of Orthodox rabbis over
Conservative and Reform rabbis. Nor will he halt construction of
a Mormon center in Jerusalem, as demanded by the Orthodox.
However, he will seek to obtain additional guarantees that the
Mormons will not use their Jerusalem base for missionary work
inside Israel.
Speaking of the political situation, Peres said that he believes
tfeftt the "ethnic issue" is subsiding. As for Meir Kahane, Peres
says that he is "a shame but not a danger. Israel will never
become a racist society, but tolerance of racism is a danger in
itself. We must demonstrate intolerance to every manifestation of
racism and hatred."
The Economy and Peace
Peres is optimistic about the course of Israel's economic
recovery. The government's plan "produced better results than
were expected." Inflation is down dramatically and December's
$580 million cut in the government's budget "is the best way to
keep it down." At the same time, "unemployment is still at a con-
trolled level" (8 percent) and "wages are going up."
Turning to foreign affairs, Peres is still waiting for King Hus-
sein's response to his peace initiative. He says that both Jordan
and Egypt had entertained "hopes that the PLO would ...
renounce terror" and accept Israel's right to exist. However, the
combined efforts of those two countries "could not change the
fact that the PLO is incapable of making an important decision."
Peres said that the West Bank and Gaza have numerous figures
who "could participate immediately in a joint Jordanian-
Palestinian delegation." He also said that the lives of the Palesti-
nians of the territories "are gradually improving." He pointed to
reductions in censorship, liberalization of economic life, and the
normal conduct of university affairs.
"We are also gradually handing over the running of the major
cities to local leaders, the latest example being the nomination of
an Arab mayor and city council in Nablus, the largest West Bank
city."
He also sees progress on the Egyptian front. He expects an
agreement with Cairo over Taba one which will enable him to
overcome Likud's "disbelief in Egypt's good faith. "I would like
to overcome their disbelief before we argue over our
disagreement."
Peres believes that Israel's relationship with the United States
has returned to its "normal level" after the Jonathan Pollard af-
fair. He refers to that level as "exceedingly friendly and in-
timate." He says that the two nations "share a joint community of
value and interests."
David Twersky
(Twertky is NER's Israel correspondent.)
(Editor '8 Note: The above column appeared in the Dec. SO edition
of Near East Report.)
ThejewisJi
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Jerusalem Analysis
Israel's Mood Gloomy
By Charley J. Levine
And Judy Siegel
Israelis are in a bad mood,
perhaps their worst since the
aftershocks of the Yom Kippur
War set in over a decade ago. It
verges on manic-depressive, rang-
ing from supremely overconfident
(as before that traumatic war, a
feeling that was responsible for
Israel's inadequate state of
preparedness and military
recovery from the Initial Arab
onslaught). Or we are despondent
and unnerved, as during our in-
volvement in Lebanon. Rarely has
the nation been, at least during
the second half of its young ex-
istence, calm, modest, assured
and collected.
How can one assess the collec-
tive mood? One measure is the
number of emigrants opting out;
another is the small number of
newcomers arriving. Perhaps the
most accurate social thermometer
are the get-togethers, held in
countless living rooms on Friday
or Saturday night, in which
friends and relatives, over coffee,
cake and sunflower seeds discuss
current events and exchange
political proclivities.
At the end of 1985, emigration
seems fated to be the highest in
years, aliya of new olim (from the
West, not counting Ethiopians) is
at a new low, and the nocturnal
living room sessions are replete
with complaints, concerns and the
feeling that something wrong has
developed in Israel since its early
era of idealism, self-sacrifice and
non-ostentatious living.
It is actually quite surprising
that people feel so collectively
low: Our troops have returned
home from Lebanon and with that
a cessation of near-daily casualty
lists. The nervousness attendant
to something so mundane as the
hourly radio newscast, craning to
hear if any familiar names are
among the injured or killed, is
gone.
The country has been run for
over a year by a national unity
government; true it is a two-
headed entity struggling with
itself over the setting of policies,
but it is nevertheless functioning
and a breathing symbol that rivals
can work together, more or less.
It had the fortitude to pull out of
Lebanon and to institute very
harsh economic measures that
mean as much as 40 percent less
in take-home wages, increased
taxation, more expensive imports
and rising unemployment. The
fact that government finally took
such steps is heartening as at-
tested to the public's highest
ratings in this issue last month in
years since the artificial pro-
sperity derived from "printing"
money was obviously a mirage to
sensible Israelis.
Prime Minister Shimon Peres
surprised even staunch Labor
Party supporters with his pa-
tience and leadership qualities
that had either been dormant or
buried beneath his loser image.
His relaxed style has reduced the
ethnic tensions that pervaded
previous election campaigns and
their aftermaths.
So we should be feeling more
optimistic. Unfortunately many
Israleis are not.
The mood will surely pass, just
as previous interludes of gloom
have lifted. When the basically
sound Israeli economy manages to
create growth without runaway
inflation, when relations with
Egypt start to warm, when Jor-
dan's monarch in miniature King
Hussein finally realizes that link-
ing up with the PLO is his
downfall, Israel will be cheery
again.
Our leaders would do well to
dampen the wild swings, temper-
ing our excitement with reality,
but nevertheless driving home the
message that this is the first
Jewish national home in two
millenia, the only spot on the
globe that the Jewish people can
call home without deluding
themselves or turning a blind eye
toward history.
In the meantime, Diaspora
Jewry could cheer us up by com-
ing in much larger numbers -
preferably as immigrants ready to
join in the challenge of building
thecountry, and if not, as tourists,
seeing what wonderful things
have been done to date.
The big question that many ask,
feel impelled to ask, in this vein is
why millions of American Jews
donate generously every year to
the United Jewish Appeal, yet on-
ly about one in five has ever
visited Israel. The answer to that
must be rooted in the American
Jewish mood, no longer
specialty.
our
Book Review
Books Offer Glimpse of
19th-century Jerusalem
Friday, January 17,1986
VoJumel6

7 SHEVAT 5746
Number 3
Jerusalem in the 19th Century:
The Old City. By Yehoshua Ben
Arieh. St. Martin's Press, 175
Fifth Avenue, New York, NY
10010. 1985.
Jerusalem: Rebirth of a City. By
Martin Gilbert. Viking/Penguin,
400 West 23rd Street, New York,
NY 10010. XVII, 238 pages. $25.
Reviewed by Nathan M.
Kaganoff
As Professor Ben-Aireh, Dean
of the Faculty of Humanities and
Professor of Geography at the
Hebrew University in Jerusalem,
asks in his opening statement,
"Why a new book about
Jerusalem?" We may indeed add
"Why two new books about
Jerusalem?" And especially two
books that deal with the identical
theme a detailed description of
19th-century Jerusalem based on
contemporary accounts.
Before describing how these
two books differ in method and
contents, let us resolve the ques-
tion just raised by pointing out
that these are not just "two more
books about Jerusalem." Each
fulfills a specific and different
need and we would recommend
both without hesitation not only to
students of 19th-century
Jerusalem or the Middle Eastbut
to anyone seeking to gain greater
insight into the conflicts and
issues that fill an unusually high
proportion of our dailly headlines.
The 19th century witnessed the
transformation of Jerusalem from
a small backwater town of eight to
ten thousand inhabitants into a
bustling metropolis of over 70,000
extending beyond its ancient city
walls. From a community that at
the beginning of the century could
only look back at a glorious past
that had disappeared almost 18
centuries earlier it truly became
the capital of a Holy Land.
Being the only city in the world
that has a special significance to
the three major monotheistic
religions, much has been written
about Jerusalem by residents and
visitors over the centuries. Ben-
Arieh, in fact, includes an 18-page
bibliography of printed sources.
Gilbert contains a much smaller
list of contemporary writings, but,
interestingly enough, only about
half the items listed appear in
both books. There is certainly no
shortage of material available on
Jerusalem.
And yet, both volumes serve a
distant contemporary purpose.
Ben-Arieh is a professor of
Historical Geography and
develops his material in a tradi-
tional academic manner. As a ma-
jor figure in his field, he has pro-
duced a book that tells us almost
everything anyone would want to
know about 19th-century
Jerusalem. The amount of infor-
mation is in fact overwhelming, a
virtual encyclopaedia of facts
about the physical makeup of
Jerusalem and the numerous
groups that were attracted to it -
Moslems, the various Christians
sects, and Jews. For example,
there are very extensive chapters
on the city's water supply and
matters dealing with sanitation
and health, all based on contem-
porary accounts.
Gilbert, the well-known official
historian of Winston Churchill,
has chosen to present his material
in a different manner. Professor
Gilbert has collected his informa-
tion as a labor of love. Certainly
his narrative reflects someone
who has gathered treasures over
many years and now wants to
share these unusual tidbits with
others. He divides the chapters by
decades and in each section the
narrative reads almost like a diary
recording chronologically any
events of consequence that have
taken place.
Not bound by academic restric-
tions, Gilbert often adds to our in-
terest by relating the incident or
individual to earlier or later
events. If part of the author's pur-
pose was to make his account
more relevant to our times, he has
certainly succeeded. His narrative
style is superb and at times it is
difficult to put the book down.
Quite an achievement for a
chronological account of events in
a small 19th-century town.
Both volumes are well made and
amply illustrated. The contem-
porary photographs add a certain
flavor to the presentation com-
plementing very ably the contem-
porary narrative. The Gilbert
Continued on Page 13-
1


Friday, January 17, 1986/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 5
Op-Ed
Pilot Refuses to Fly Because of PLO Passengers
By Jean Cohen
ATHENS (JTA) Olympic
Airlines, the national air carrier of
Greece, was forced to cancel a
flight to Cairo recently after the
pilot refused to take off because
three officials of the Palestine
Liberation Organization were
among the passengers.
The incident, and un-
precendented checking and re-
checking of airline passengers and
their baggage by swarms of
security agents, highlight the
panic here since Palestinian
gunmen attacked the airports at
Rome and Vienna at the end of
December. The terrorists outrage,
which cost IS lives, has triggered
a wave of anti-Arab sentiment in
Greece.
The government, which seeks
good relations with the Arab
world, is trying to counter it by
differentiating between "good'
and "bad" Palestinians, with the
PLO fitting into the former
category.
Olympic Flight 325, bound for
Cairo, was due to depart at 6:15
p.m. local time Saturday. Before
any passengers boarded, a squad
of police officers came aboard and
asked the pilot, Capt. Acrivou
Tsolaki, for permission to search
the aircraft. This had never hap-
pened before. When the pilot ask-
ed why, he was told by the senior
police officer that it was part of
Israel's Economy Making Recovery
Israel's economy is making a
recovery, according to a Tel Aviv
University professor who recently
spoke in South Florida.
Forty people gathered to hear
Efraim Sadka, chairman of the
department of Economics at Tel
Aviv University, who discussed
"Israel's Strategy for Economic
Recovery."
According to Professor Sadka,
Israel's economy was in a growth
period following the Six-Day War,
in 1967, but immediately follow-
ing the Yom Kippur War of 1973,
economic growth shrank, and one
year there was even negative
growth. One of the problems was
that domestic investment was
down. He explained that there
was also a lot of borrowing, and
the government trying to make up
for the huge deficit, was com-
peting with investors for money.
Consequently, interest rates shot
up, further aggravating the situa-
tion and as a result Sadka said,
the government had to start prin-
ting money, which in turn caused
high inflation, in one year more
than 400 percent.
According to Sadka, part of the
deficit was financed by foreign aid
grants, but the rest had to be bor-
rowed. The balance of payments
was bad, so the government, in
essence, decided to achieve the
balance of payments at the ex-
pense of the rate of inflation.
When the balance of payments
was in a very critical situation,
budget cuts were made by cutting
subsidies and the currency was
devaluated. When subsidies were
cut, prices increased, sparking an
increase in the cost-of-living.
Subsequent cost of living ad-
justments were made in wages;
the higher wages caused even
higher prices, and so on until the
economy was locked in a vicious
cycle.
Professor Sadka highlighted the
elements of the current economic
recovery program which waa in-
troduced in Israel this summer. In
an attempt to reduce inflation to 3
percent and reduce the deficit
enough to cut reliance on borrow-
ing, while at the same time not in-
crease unemployment substantial-
ly, the following steps taken.
The size of the public sector is
being reduced by one $1.5 billion.
Government employment is being
reduced by 3 percent and prices
are being raised on basic goods by
cutting subsidies. The recommen-
dations of the tax reform commit-
tee should bring in additional
revenue. In addition the currency
is being devaluated. In order to
avoid the vicious cycle he describ-
ed earlier, Sadka explained that
the government froze the cost of
living wage adjustments for four
months. This caused real wages to
decrease 15-16 percent.
Sadka predicted that if the
government does not yield to any
pressure groups the economic
recovery program should succeed.
He conceded that it is impossible
to judge its success yet since the
program has not been in effect yet
for six months. Inflation has
decreased considerably since June
1985; unemployment has increas-
ed only to 8 percent in July and
August, and the current budget
deficit of 30 percent is well below
the deficit in 1984. Also, $400
million in increased tax revenues
has been reported.
It is worth noting that this
economic recovery program is the
most comprehensive one under-
taken in recent years by an Israeli
government and it also has surviv-
ed a longtime by Israeli standards.
Professor Sadka was addressing
the second meeting this season of
the Seminar Associates of the
American Friends of Tel Aviv
University. The Associates is a
local group of business and profes-
sional people who gather several
times a year to hear academic and
political speakers of note. They
support Tel Aviv University
through their membership con-
tibution to the Seminar
Associates. The group will host
the eminent nuclear physicist, Dr.
Edward Teller, at its next
meeting, Feb. 21. Anyone in-
terested in this group should call
the office of the American Friends
of Tel Aviv University at
392-9186.
Ras Burka Killer
Gets Life Sentence
JERUSALEM (JTA) Israel's
Ambassador to Egypt Moshe
Sasson has voiced his "confidence
in Egyptian justice" following the
handing down of a life imprison-
ment sentence on the Ras Burka
killer, Suleiman Khater.
Sasson, in media interviews,
noted, too, with gratification that
in recent days the major Egyptian
media had conveyed to the public
in Egypt the full facts of the kill-
ing on Oct. 5 of seven Israeli holi-
day vacationers by Khafer, a
soldier stationed near Ras Burka
on the Sinai coast.
Season's comments were ex-
coriated, however, by a bereaved
parent, Reuven Baum, whose
10-year-old son, Amir, bled to
death after being hit by a bullet
from Khater's gun. Baum has ac-
cused the Ambassador of "derelic-
tion of duty" because of Sasson's
public acceptance of the Egyptian
court's sentence as a satisfactory
expression of justice.
Baum said that since Egyptian
law provided for a heavier
sentence the life imprisonment
punishment could not be said as
Sasson had said to have fully ex-
pressed justice. Baum's
dissatisfaction over the sentence
was echoed by other bereaved
parents, too.
The demand that other Egyp-
tian personnel now be examined
regarding their behavior was voic-
ed by Doveish Knesset member
Yossi Sarid, in a cable to the
Egyptian government. Sarid, of
the Citizens Rights Movement,
called for a commission of inquiry
to study the denial of prompt
medical aid to the victims.
Letters to the Editor
(Editor's Note: Rabbi David Oler, one of the
imprisoned rabbis and chair of the Soviet Jewry
Action Committee of the Washington Board of
Rabbis, wrote the following letter.)
Dear Editor,
In jail for having protested in front of the
Soviet embassy in Washington against the
persecution of Soviet Jews and the denial of
their freedom, the inspiring words of Dr. Mar-
tin Luther King, Jr. are with me.
He said," .. Americans will eventually have
to face themselves with the question that
Eichman chose to ignore; how responsible am I
for the well being of my fellows? To ignore evil
is to become an, accomplice to it"
The people of our nation must not remain
silent concerning the suffering of others, while
complacently pursuing their day-to-day kvea.
Dr. King taught, "there is no day-to-day up ser-
vice to integration, we must pay life service to
it."
If our lives are to have meaning, we must
seek without reservation to ameliorate the suf-
fering of our time wherever it is found. My col-
leagues and I are here in jail because we are try-
ing to be obedient to a higher law, namely G-d's
commandment to pursue justice, for true peace
with other states will result only from the
justice of human rights.
Rabbi David Oler, Chairmaa
Waahiagtoa Board of Rabbis
Soviet Jewry Action Coauuttee
Feted Correctional Institute
Petersburg, Virginia
(Letter wot dictated over Ulephone from
federal prison in Petersburg, Virginia.)
new security measures ordered by
the government in the aftermath
of the Rome and Vienna attacks.
Later, after the passengers had
taken their seats, the police
ordered another security check
and suitcase identification. The
passengers were required to get
off the plane and identify their
luggage, which had also been off-
loaded. Only then were they allow-
ed to return to their seats.
Finally, the doors were closed
and the plane was ready to taxi to
the runway for take-off when a
car approached under tight securi-
ty and three men who appeared to
be Arabs came on board and were
seated in different sections of the
cabin.
By then Capt. Tsolaki was
curious. He asked the chief of
security to identify his last-minute
passengers and was informed that
they were a PLO delegation which
had come to Athens for official
talks with Athanassios Tsouras,
the Undersecretary for Public
Order. One of them was identified
as Haiel Abdel Hamit, a member
of the El Fatah central
committee.
On learning who they were,
Tsolaki flatly refused to fly the
plane to Cairo on grounds that it
would be endangered. A
marathon discussion ensued in-
volving the Olympic management,
Minister of Public Transportation
Georgios Papadimitriou and
Tsouras. But Tsolaki stood firm.
At 9 p.m. the flight was cancelled.
The Greek pilot maintained that
since Israel has vowed to avenge
the attacks in Rome and Vienna
aimed at El Al passenger
facilities, his plane could become a
target of the Israel Air Force if it
was known to be carrying top
PLO officials.
Flight 325 was rescheduled for
Sunday morning, with a different
pilot, Capt. Evangelos Kapsalis.
But he, too, refused to fly with the
PLO men aboard. Finally, the
PLO officials were forced to leave
Greece on three separate flights.
There was no official commn-
ment, but according to rumor the
entire affair was the result of
Egypt's refusal to allow the PLO
officials to land in Cairo. Egyp-
tair, the Egyptian airline.
reportedly refused them passage.
Meanwhile, the Athens airport
is literally surrounded by heavily
armed police, and the crack anti-
terrorist unit maintains a round-
the-clock patrol, focusing on the
El Al ticket counter. Greek
policemen and police-women in
civilian clothes are scattered
among boarding passengers,
pretending to be passengers.
According to one report, the
panic was triggered by the chief of
the Italian secret service (SISMI),
Fluvio Martini, who said that the
surviving terrorist captured in the
Rome airport attack admitted
under questioning that Athens
and Madrid airports were the next
targets of a suicide squad dispat-
ched by Abu Nidal, the terrorist
leader who broke with the PLO
years ago.
Meanwhile, the government is
countering rising anti-Arab senti-
ment in Greece with what some
observers consider anti-Israel tac-
tics. On the evening news at the
end of December, the commen-
tator said there were two kinds of
terrorism extremist groups and
state terrorism.
He claimed that state terrorism
was first employed by Israel on
July 4, 1976 when it rescued hi-
jacked Air France passengers be-
ing held hostage at Entebbe,
Uganda, and that another exam-
ple was the Egyptian commando
raid on the Egyptian plane hijack-
ed to Malta last November 23,
which resulted in heavy loss of
life. The Egyptian airliner waa hi-
jacked shortly after taking off
from Athens for Cairo.
Until now, the Greek govern-
ment has made no distinctions
between the various Palestinian
groups. Beginning in December, it
discovered "good" Palestinians,
represented by Yasir Arafat and
the PLO, and "bad" ones, who are
against the PLO. A television
commentator noted that Israel ac-
cuses all Palestinians without ex-
ception of being terrorists.
The government is trying to
dispel anti-Arab feelings because
it is dangerously low in foreign
currency reserves and hopes to
get short-term loans from the
wealthy Arab oil-producing
countries.
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Page The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, January 17, 1986
Lewis Colin to Chair Aquarius Campaign
The Aquarius 1986 Federa-
tion/UJA breakfast will be held
Sunday, Feb. 16, at 10 a.m.
Dr. Gerald Meister, who is the
director of the Institute for Inter-
Religious Studies at Bar Ilan
University in Ramat-Gan, Israel,
will be the guest speaker.
In addition, Meister is the direc-
tor of the Ramapo Institute, a
research center specializing in in-
ternational relations, strategic
studies and political theology. The
Institute is located in Rockland
County, New York.
The Jewish Federation of South
Broward will honor the Aquarius
residents who support the
South Broward Jewish com-
munity through their annual
contributions.
Aquarius Chairman Lewis E.
Cohn said he expects the
breakfast to be a major success,
and he was especially pleased that
Dr. Meister will be speaking.
"Dr. Meister has proven to be
both a fascinating individual with
Lewis Cohn
intelligent insight into the issues
facing World Jewry and Israel as
well as a witty and interesting
speaker," Cohn said.
Cohn has been active in the
Jewish community along with his
wife, Anne, for the past several
years. Mrs. Cohn has been
active in the Women's Division
and serves on the Women's Divi-
sion Board. Lewis Cohn has been
on the Federation Board for
several years. He is a former
president and campaign
chairman.
Working with Cohn on the an-
nual Aquarius breakfast are his
long-time friends and neighbors:
Co-chairman Seymour Goodman,
Bernard Goldberger and Max
Morrison; Committee members
Sam Bass, Harry Breslaw, Max
Coffman, Anne Cohn, Edith
Frost, Herbert Lebowitz, Dan
Levenson, Louis Manes, Joseph
Neulinger, Mack Rothkopf, Bar-
bara and Bernard Samuels,
Harold Shapiro, Nathan Shuman,
Morris Sidewater, Sol Stein,
Lillian and Philip Zeefe.
For more information, contact
Beverly Bachrach at 921-8810.
Hallandale Jewish Center
Honors Max and Mary Taraza
BEF Charles Obsusin of Advest, left, and Donald Lefton,
president of The Continental Companies, right, attended last
month's Business Executive Forum meeting. Advest and
Sharlyne Haimm of Michael's Discount Store were the two
sponsors for the meeting. Lefton was the guest speaker.
Under the leadership of Dr.
Sidney I. Esterson, chairman, and
Myer A. Pritsker, co-chairman,
the Hallandale Jewish Center
campaign is in high gear. The
Center has set Jan. 26 for the an-
nual breakfast in behalf of the
UJA/Federation 1986 Campaign.
The breakfast will be at the
Center at 9:30 a.m.
This year's Hallandale Jewish
Center campaign honors Maxwell
and Mary Taraza who have
dedicated their lives as ardent
workers for Zion and Israel. Max-
well worked closely with the late
Rabbi Stephen S. Wise on projects
concerning Eastern European
Jews during World War II. Max-
well is now a member and was
chairman of the board of the
Hallandale Jewish Center,
American Jewish Congress and
was on the allocations committee
of the South Broward UJA. Mary
is a retired attorney who served
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FUTURISTIC FUNDRAISING Mikki Futernik, national
UJA Campaign Trainer, teaches concepts of Futuristic Fun-
draising to participants in a recent workshop at the Jewish
Federation of South Broward. Workers are now involved in
solicitation of funds for this year's campaign. If you are in-
terested in learning more about the exciting opportunities
associated with this year's UJA/Federation campaign, please
contact Dr. Jan Lederman at 921-8810.
sit*
Jet
JEWISH COMMUNITY
CENTERS OF
SOUTH BROWARD
2838 HOLLYWOOO BLVD HOLLYWOOD, FLORIDA 3 3020
921-6511
LOCATION
Activities scheduled at the
JCC or the Southeast Florida
Focal Point Senior Center are
located at 2838 Hollywood
Blvd. unless otherwise
indicated.
French Lessons
The Southeast Focal Senior
Center will be offering group
French lessons with Simone!
Voulez Vous Parler Francis? Do
you want to speak French? Learn
the quick and easy way with
Simone. Course content includes
French conversation, translation,
socialization, and stories and
peotry.
Class meets on Mondays with
two convenient starting times,
noon and 12:30 p.m. Course fee is
$2 per hour. Beginners as well as
the more advanced are welcome
to participate!
Call Liz or Karen at 921-6518 to
pre-register and obtain further
information.
Special Events
The Southeast Focal Point
Senior Center will conduct the
following trips:
Gulfstream Race Track, Feb.
12, 12:30-3 p.m. Cost is $4 which
includes admission, transporta-
tion and program book.
Pre-regi8tration and full pay-
ment must be made by Feb. 5. Call
Liz or Karen to register,
921-6518. Space is Limited!
Picasso Exhibit and the Falls
for shopping and lunch on Feb. 26,
9 am.-3 p.m. Cost is $12 for
members of JCC and Southeast
Focal Point, $15 for non-
members. Details: 10 a.m. guided
tour of Picasso Exhibit. Shopping
and lunch, (paid for separately), at
the Falls. Pre-registration and full
payment must be made by Feb. 5.
Space is Limited! Call Liz or
Karen to pre-register or obtain
additional information at
921-6518.
Key Largo Princess Cruise
with Lunch at Holiday Inn. March
19, 8:30 a.m.-5 p.m. Cost $26.
Price includes: cruise, buffet lunch
and transportation. Details: 2V
hour cruise on Key Largo
Princess, glass bottom boat. See
the beautiful sights of the
Molasses Reef, followed by a
delicious buffet lunch at the Key
Largo Holiday Inn. Space is
Limited! Pre-registration and full
payment must be made by March
1.
PASSOVER1986
UNIVERSAL KOSHER TOURS INC.
PRESENTS
A TRADITIONAL AND KOSHER
PASSOVER HOLIDAY
AT THE "NEW"
DIPLOMAT, FLORIDA
FROM
APRIL 23RD
^ RESORT AND jJg
^^COUNTRY^^V
THRU
MAY 1ST
Complete Glatt Kosher Holiday Program
From $899 to $1199 per person double occupancy
Plus 18% for tax and gratuities
For Additional Information Contact:
Universal Kosher Tours Inc.
5 Penn Plaza
New York, New York 10001
212-594-0836 800-221-2791
Exclusive Operator for DIPLOMAT, FLORIDA
Friday, January 17,1986/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 7
Lubavitch Rebbe To Address World Jewry
international audio hookup
system. It will be carried locally
by Selkirk Cable (CBN-27) in
Hallandale, Hollywood Cablevi-
sion (starting at 10 p.m. on local
origination-14) in Hollywood, and
Broward Cable (2) in Davie,
Cooper City and Dania. A viewers
guide describing this program is
available from Jewish Educational
Media, 784 Eastern Parkway
Brooklyn, N.Y. 11213, (718)
774-6000.
NEW YORK A public ad-
dress by the Lubavitcher Rebbe,
Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson,
on Monday, Jan. 20, will be
transmitted live via satellite from
Lubavitch World Headquarters in
New York, to cable TV stations
across the United States and to
other countries in North and
South America etc. beginning at
9:30 p.m.
The telecast is entitled "An
Evening With The Lubavitcher
Rebbe" and will be aired across
the United States and Canada.
This address on the tenth day of
the Hebrew month of Shevat, will
commemorate the 36th Yahrzeit
of the Rebbe's predecessor and
father-in-law, Rabbi Yosef Yitz-
chok Schneersohn (1880-1950),
and begins the 37th year of the
Lubavitcher Rebbe's leadership.
The Rebbe is considered the
world's foremost Jewish spiritual
leader. More than 70 volumes of
his talks, letters, and responsa
have been published to date. Dur-
ing his years as leader of the
Lubavitch movement, he has
established a massive, world-wide
network of educational, social and
rehabilitative institutions and pro-
The local viewing of this broad-
cast has been arranged by Chabad
of South Broward. For a public
viewing of this live telecast phone
the Chabad office at 458-1877.
Rebbe, Rabbi
Menachem M. Schneerson
grams, which have propelled the
Lubavitch movement into one of
the most dynamic forces in
Judaism today.
The scope of the Rebbe's ad-
dress generally range from
Talmudic and Chassidic teachings
to issues of national and interna-
tional concern. His addresses are
also heard world-wide via a special
T


Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-HoUywood/Friday, January 17, 1986
Jewish PACs Paving the Road to Political Power
Continued from Page 1
night.
DELAWARE Valley PACs
adroitness in moving almost
overnight from partisans of
Clarence Long to wooers of Helen
Bentley indicates the political
maturity of Jewish PACs. They
have the knack and the wisdom
to mend fences, win friends and
influence winners. They have the
savvy to channel funds into key
races around the country: One
PAC expert estimated that in
1984 almost one-third of all pro-
Israel PAC money went to only
six candidates. And they have the
resources to raise enormous sums:
Last year, for instance, pro-
Israel PACs contributed almost
$3.6 million to congressional can-
didates, a figure that dwarfs the
$17,350 given by the only overtly
pro-Arab political action commit-
tee, the National Arab-American
Association PAC (NAAA PAC).
Jewish PACs' wealth also means
that as a group they gave more
during the 1984 campaign than
did the nation's single largest
single PAC, the Realtors' PAC,
which gave $2.5 million.
To some extent, PACs have a
democratizing effect: They spread
the wealth. And the influence. The
game that used to be played only
by Capitol insiders over a hearty
lunch with a senator at
Washington's Cosmos Club or by
a fatcat back home in a con-
gressman's home district can now
be played by everyone
anywhere who can start a PAC.
It is a game that Jews have learn-
ed quickly. And, by all accounts, it
is one they have learned well.
IT IS ALSO a game that is hav-
ing a major influence on Capitol
Hill's debate on the Middle East,
on the public's perception of the
clout of Jews. And on Jews'
perception of their own clout. The
gentle arm twisting, the impas-
sioned lobbying, the undeniable
influence that greenbacks have
had on political careers since
perhaps the very birth of the
Republic all that, through
PACs, is now being participated
in by Jews.
This makes some U.S. Jews
very proud. It makes others very
uneasy. The ambivalence of some
Jews toward PACs reflects, in
part, the generations-old wisdom
that is still common among U.S.
Jews: Lay Low. Don't offer an
easy target.
Some Jews fear that pro-Israel
PACs could provide bandy fodder
for critics who perceive undue
Jewish power and influence in the
body politic, for those who blame
the American Jewish community
for an "imbalanced" U.S. ap-
proach to the Mideast.
THE IDEA of PACs also
disturbs many Jews because, as a
community that is still over-
whelmingly liberal, Jews often
share liberals' traditional distrust
for that dirtiest of words cam-
paign finance. To many people,
funding someone's race for the
House or Senate still connotes
outright bribery: It can too easily
evoke memories of millionaires
bragging about having con-
gressmen in their back pockets.
But abandoning the PAC field
to pro-Arab political action com-
mittees, however weak they may
be for now, makes even those
Jews who are uneasy with PACs
more uncomfortable. As Richard
Altman, head of National PAC,
the largest pro-Israel PAC, said,
"To not participate is to make an
affirmative statement on the
other side. We don't have a
Bechtel or a Fluor or an Exxon to
look to for help. We must look to
ourselvM."
There is nothing new about
PACs. They have been around
since the 1940's when labor
unions formed a fund to funnel
voluntary contributions of union
members to political campaigns.
Since 1978, Jewish PACs have increased by 75-fold
and their campaign contributions have swelled by
11,880 percent. But how effective are they? And do
they advance the cause of Israel to the exclusion of
the rest of the traditional Jewish agenda?
National PACs Richard
Altman: A salary of
$100,000. a goal of
100.000 members.
When the CIO merged with the
AFL in the nud-1950's, its new
Committee on Political Education
(COPE) became, according to one
political scientist, Uthe model for
virtually all political action
committees."
WHILE OTHER interest
groups, such as the American
Medical Association and the
Realtors Association, began to
form PACs, they did not flourish
until the mid-1970's. Spurred by
the sordid tales that came out of
the Watergate scandals
grocery bags of cash being pased
to congressmen in the dark of
night, the "laundering" of
millions of dollars in campaign
funds Congress went on a
reform binge.
New laws limited an individual's
contributions to $1,000 and to a
PAC to $6,000. PAC contribu-
tions to a candidate were limited
to $10,000 up to $5,000 for each
primary and general election. And
a ban was lifted on PACs formed
by contractors to the Federal
government. Since most large
businesses either did work for
Washington or would like to
scrapping this ban was a major
boon to PACs' growth.
In 1974, when these reforms
began, there were 608 PACs. Two
years later, they doubled to 1,146.
By 1980, there were 2,551. By the
end of last year, there were 4,009.
Although this may sound like
there is a PAC in every town in
America, "only about 500 of these
matter," said Edward Zucker-
man, editor of the Washington
newsletter, PACs and Lobbies.
"The rest are of little
consequence."
PAC MONEY has matched
their growth. In 1977-78, PACs
gave over $35 million to can-
didates. By 1983-84, they gave
more than $112 million.
PACs have been accused of
everything from boosting the
price of a senatorial campaign by
150 percent over the last six years
to corrupting the solons of Capitol
Hill. Few critics go so far as to say
that PACs actually bribe con-
gressmen, but, as Rep. Tom
Downey (D., N.Y.) said, "You
can't buy a congressman. But for
$5,000, you can buy his vote on a
particular issue."
When Rep. Mike Synar (D.,
Okla.) sought the vote of a fellow
House member for a particular
bill, his colleague refused. He was
obligated to a certain PAC, he ex-
plained, for a $10,000 donation.
"If I vote the other way," he said,
"they'll give it to my opponent.
Then I'll be $10,000 in the hole."
"The only difference between a
bribe and a contribution," Rep.
Andy Jacobs (D., Ind.) has said,
"is that Congress defines what a
contribution is." (Last year,
Jacobs was one of eight House
members who refused to accept
PAC money.)
PERHAPS THE most serious
charge against PACs is that they
"threaten democracy." To the ex-
tent that the funneling of PAC
money into a campaign thousands
of miies from a PACs home base
influence elections, "then local
voters lose influence," said
Washington journalist Edward
Boeder. This premium on money
and "outside money," at that
fosters, said Roeder, "plutocracy,
not democracy."
But PACmen argue that their
groups encourage everyone
even small contributors' to get
politically involved; that they
reward not bribe members of
Congress for voting certain ways;
and that they reflect the ethnic,
political and financial diversity of
America.
PAC critics are "like Chicken
Little," said William Armstrong,
president of the Public Affairs
Council, an organization of cor-
porate public affairs executives.
"They tell people the sky is falling
on our political system."
UNDOUBTEDLY, PACs do
serve a useful function. As
University of Southern California
political scientist Herbert Alex-
ander said, "Interest groups must
support their friends and PACs
are the way to do that. People are
powerless unless they can com-
pete. PACs give everyone a voice'
in Washington."
For decades, flews didn't have
much of a voice in Washington. If
they did, it was muffled and hesi-
tant. But since the late 1940s,
Jews have perhaps become the
most sophisticated of ethnic
groups in the country. Despite
this sophistication, Jews came late
to the PAC game. The first pro-
Israel PAC was not formed until
1978.
Then, Mark Siegel left the
White House as Jimmy Carter's
liaison to the Jewish community
to form the National Bipartisan
Political Action Committee. In its
first years, Siege!'s PAC gave
$31,350 to 42 congressional races.
In 1980, Morris Amitay left as ex-
ecutive director of the American
Israel Public Affairs Committee
(AIPAC) to form the Washington
Political Action Committee. And
in March, 1983, Richard Altman
resigned as AIPAC's political
director to head the newly formed
National Political Action
Committee.
DESPITE THE "PAC" in its
name, AIPAC, the leading pro-
Israel lobby in Washington, is not
a "PAC" and does not contribute
to political campaigns. However,
there have been numerous reports
that AIPAC has helped form
PACs around the country and
coordinates their activities. This
would be a violation of AIPAC's
legal status as a lobbying group.
As sociologist Amitai Etzioni
wrote in his 1984 book, Capitol
Corruption, pro-Israel PACs "are
reported to work closely together
to increase their clout, and benefit
from the guidance of one lobby,
the American Israel Public Affairs
Committee."
AIPAC officials have denied
these charges.
The new Jewish PACs grew
auickly. By 1980, two years after
m first pro-Israel PAC was form-
ed, 30 Jewish PACs gave almost
$1.6 million to congressional con-
tenders. In 1984, more than 70
Jewish PACs gave over $3.6
million to federal candidates. Pro-
Israel PACs were considered
crucial in Paul Simon's victory
last year over Sen. Charles Percy
in Illinois ($321,825 went to the
challenger); in Rep. Carl Levin's
tight re-election victory in
Michigan ($170,388 went to
Levin); and in James Hunt's
.media blitz against Jesse Helms in
North Carolina ($216,175 was
channeled to Hunt).
In the more than six years since
the first Jewish PAC was formed,
they have mastered the game of
campaign finance. Speaking
shortly after last fall's election,
AIPAC director Thomas Dine said
Jewish PACs had helped produce
the most pro-Israel Congress in
history. The key to this victory,
said Dine, was money: "Early
money, middle money and late
money."
DINE WAS referring to PACs'
strategy of timing their contribu-
tions in the early, middle to late
stages of a campaign. Since a con-
gressman is running for re-
election virtually from the mo-
ment he is elected, "early money"
may make him indebted to a par-
ticular interest group as he begins
a new term.
This could color his voting
habits in Congress. "Late money
given near the end of a cam-
paign when money is always tight
engenders an additional sense
of gratitude.
Some Washington wags have
dubbed Dine's talks his "Let a
thousand PACs bloom" speech.
There will probably never be a
thousand pro-Israel PACs, partly
because the 12 million Jews in the
U.S. could never support so many
and partly because some Jews
would complain that all those
PACs would focus too much atten-
tion on the Jewish community.
Already, many Jews are worried
that the prominence and the
success of their PACs has
fostered a new perception that
American Jews enjoy unparalled
political clout.
JEWISH PACs have been plac-
ed squarely in the limelight
recently. The Wall Street Journal
has published two front-page
stories on Jewish PACs in the last
two years. In a new book, former
congressman from Illinois Paul
Findley accuses Jewish PACs of
having the power to oust him from
Capitol Hill and to censure other
members of Congress who speak
out against Israel. Attention was
also drawn by National PACs
full-page ads in The New York
Times and by the cumulative ef-
fect of more than 70 well-heeled
Jewish PACs around the country
attempting to influence congres-
sional debate over Israel.
"The genie is clearly out of the
bottle," said political scientist
Herbert Alexander of the recent
focus on pro-Israel PACs. "No
one in the Jewish community was
interested in making a big splash
with PACs. They could have been
very effective by being more
discrete and quiet."
Initially. Jewish PACs did try to
Former Illinois Senator
Charles Percy: He was
Jewish PACs No. 1
target to be unseated in
1984.
deflect attention by adopting such
nondescript names as Citizens
Organized for the National In-
terest or Georgia Citizens for
Good Government or Arizona
Politically Interested Citizens.
Their names could have been in-
spired by randomly choosing a
phrase from a civics text.
"We did not say out loud that
we preferred not to have 'Israel'
or 'Jewish' in our name," said
Robert Golder of Delaware Valley
PAC. "But subconsciously, we
didn't want to draw any attention.
Jews have been afraid of persecu-
tion for so many years that we
opted for not being ostentatious
or too obvious."
THE CHIEF of one PAC
dismissed these concerns. In an
era of Jewish political power, he
said Jews should be more for-
thright and less reticent about
how they wield that power. And
Richard Altman, head of National
PAC, the wealthiest pro-Israel
PAC, said, "We are in an era,
thankfully, when Jews are fully
American citizens. It's
quintessential^ American and
quintessential^ Jewish to be
politically involved. I don't think
that maintaining a profile beneath
our dignity is called for."
More important than their
names are the guiding principles
of Jewish PACs. They all seek
strong U.S. support for Israel.
The money they give to a can-
didate is based on his pro-Israel
bias, his need for campaign money
and, if he is an incumbent,
whether he is on such pivotal con-
gressional committees as Foreign
Affairs, Armed Services or
Appropriations.
But there is an on-going debate
over whether Jewish PACs should
focus on Israel to the exclusion of
other issues that have traditional-
ly been on the Jewish agenda,
such as civil rights and liberties,
equal opportunity and economic
advancement.
SINGLE-ISSUE PACs, said
David Saperstein, head of the
Religious Action Center of the
Union of American Hebrew Con-
gregations, "skew the perception
of politicians of Jewish concerns.
The message that goes to Con-
gress is that Jews talk a good line
on apartheid and civil rights and
similar issues, but when push
comes to shove, they only care
about Israel. That's a bad
message for inter-group
relations."
Saperstein, who was one of the
founders of the Illinois-based
Multi-Issue Political Action Com-
mittee, conceded that "single-
issue PACs show the importance
of Israel to American Jews. But.
to show the diversity of interests
of Jews, both single-issue and
multi-issue PACs are needed."
Let's be honest about all ti


Friday, January 17, 1986/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 9
said one Jewish Washington
political consultant. "Jews are
more concerned about Israel than
any other issue. When they hear
that Israel needs money, they
raise a fortune. When they hear
that the innercity needs money,
they barely raise a cent. Jews who
need to address many issues
through their PACs have a
neurotic need to demonstrate
their human itarianism. Jewish
PACs are successful precisely
because they are narrowly focus-
ed. They give congressmen an
idea of U.S. Jews' passion for
Israel."
ROBERT GOLDER of
Delaware Valley PAC was even
more blunt: "Frankly, I don't care
about anything other than Israel's
survival. I am not trying to in-
fluence the make-up of Congress.
I am trying to assure that Israel
lives."
And Morris Amitay, head of
Washington PAC, dismissed the
entire debate over single-issue
versus multi-issue Jewish PACs as
"largely irrelevant ... If
anything, American Jews are
overrepreaented both in numbers
and financial support in the civil
rights, nuclear freeze and similar
movementa, and certainly need
not apologize to anyone for their
lack of involvement. What has
been lacking, however, has been
organized political activity
specifically on Israel's behalf. This
activity is almost 100 percent
Jewish and there are no potential
coalition partners who will be will-
ing to expend the requisite energy
or resources, simply because they
do not share the same passionate
commitment."
Political scientist Herbert Alex-
ander warned that the success of
single-issue Jewish PACs has had
a price: It makes them appear too
parochial, too polarized, too ab-
sorbed with Israel to the detri-
ment of other issues.
NOT SO, said Delaware Valley
PACs Robert Golder. The single-
issue approach makes a PAC
politically powerful, not politically
myopic. "When members of my
PAC meet with a senator for 20
minutes and gives him a check for
his campaign, the congressman
doesn't have time for a
wide'ranging discussion. He only
wants to talk about one or two
things. And he also wants to know
why he is being rewarded. Giving
someone a check because he voted
'correctly' on a dozen issues is too
fuzzy."
Putting Israel ahead of other
issues has produced some peculiar
political bedfellows. In 1984, for
instance, pro-Israel PACs gave
over $14,000 to Republican Mark
Siljander. Sujander's two con-
gressional campaigns have also
been enthusiastically backed by
Christian fundamentalists. Last
year, Siljander endorsed a
challenger to fellow Michigan
representative, Howard Wolpe, a
Democrat and a Jew, by claiming
the U.S. needed a "more Chris-
tian Congress."
Jewish PAC money has also
gone to Senators Peter Domenici
(R., N.M.), Robert Packwood (R.,
Ore.), William Roth (R., Del.) and
Rep. Jack Kemp (R., N.Y.), all
with the sort of conservative
voting records that would make
traditionally liberal Jews blanch.
FROM THIS overriding con-
cern of Jewish PACs with Israel
also cornea a determined bipar-
tisanship. But while pro-Israel
PACs say thst psrty affiliation
has little influence on who gets
their money, the bulk of it goes to
Democrats. Last year, for exam-
ple, Democrats received 77 per-
cent of the contributions from the
three largest pro-Israel PACs.
Of these three PACs, the Joint
Action Committee for Political Af-
fairs (JACPAC) gave the smallest
share .9 percent of its cam-
paign funds to GOP candidates.
This meager sum barely
$11,000 stems from JACPAC's
refusal to back candidates who ac-
cept money from radical right
political organizations which, ac-
PAC
EWISH i^v^s
Paving The Road
To Power
'Let a thousand PACs
bloom.' Tom Dine,
AIPAC director in
Washington.
cording to a JACPAC brochure,
threaten "America's tradition of
pluralism."
JACPAC's ban on bankrolling
campaigns that accept right-wing
money makes the organization
somewhat of a maverick among
pro-Israel PACs. But it also gives
many JACPAC members a clean
conscience. Said Joan Dine,
former head of JACPAC's
Washington, D.C., chapter and
wife of AIPAC director Tom Dine,
"The radical right has a lack of
feeling for minority rights. JAC-
PAC lets me keep my integrity."
SINCE POLITICS is an art,
not a science, it is difficult to
gauge a PACs effectiveness.
Many factors determine whether
someone will be elected, how he
will vote if he is and which interest
groups he will allow to bend his
ear in the privacy of his Capitol
Hill office.
But one way to measure a
PACs success is whether it backs
winning candidates. On that
score, Jewish PACs do quite well.
In 1982, for example, 76 percent
of tlfe candidates supported by
JACPAC won. In 1984, almost 94
percent of the candidates backed
by National PAC won. (By com-
parison, only 80 percent of the
candidates backed last year by 17
major PACs were victorious, ac-
cording to a study by Washington,
D.C. political scientist Larry
Boyle.)
But backing winners does not
necessarily mean that your side
prevails on Capitol Hill. Like the
Jewish PACs, the National
Association of Arab Americans
PAC (NAAA PAC) also had a high
proportion of winning candidates
last year 85 percent. But
neither the Arab nor the Jewish
PACs can rightfully claim sole-
ly on the basis that they gave a
congressman money that he or
she will vote with them on every
issue pertaining to the Mideast
(especially since 29 percent of the
candidates who took a pro-Arab
money also took pro-Israel money,
a wonderful example of a can-
didate buttering his political bread
on both sides).
PAC PROPONENTS repeated-
ly state that they are not "buying
votes," they are buying "access.'
A member of Congress will hsve
more incentive to return phone
calls from someone who gave him
$10,000 than from some
anonymous and broke fanner
in his district," said the head of
one Jewish PAC.
The tendency of pro-Israel and
pro-Arab PACs to channel a good
share of their funds to the same
congressman does not necessarily
mean they are engaged in a bid-
din? war. (A war which the
NAAA PAC would necessarily
lose, at least for now. Its 1984
campaign contributions equalled
fess than .9 percent of total con-
tributions from Jewish PACs.
But it does not indicate that
both types of PACs seek "access"
to the same congressmen. Rep.
Dante Fascell (D., Fla.), for exam-
ple, the head of the House Foreign
Affairs Committee, received
$23,500 from Jewish PACs and
only $200 from NAAA PAC. Rep.
David Obey (D., Wise.), who suc-
ceeded Clarence Long as chair-
man of the House Foreign Opera-
tions Appropriations Subcommit-
tee, received $5,000 from Na-
tional PAC and $350 from NAAA
PAC. The ledger clearly favors
Jewish PACs.
EVEN THOSE candidates who
strike a pose of integrity by im-
posing a limit on funds they will
accept from PACs are not im-
mune from receiving contribu-
tions from both Arab and Jewish
political action committees. Sen.
Nancy Kassebaum (R., Kan.), for
instance, would not accept more
than $2,000 from a PAC last year.
She received this amount from
Natinal PAC and also $250
from NAAA PAC.)
A more amorphous way to
evaluate a PACs effectiveness is
to look at what one Capitol insider
called "the atmospherics of
politics." "Much of politics is
psychological," he said.
"Influence is a perceived reality.
In the last few years, con-
gressmen have been falling all
over themselves in their rush to
vote for aid to Israel. They used to
be much more critical. This is a
sign that Jewish PACs are effec-
tive. Congressmen know that
Jews around the country can
deliver. What they deliver is cam-
paign money. And money gets so-
meone to Capitol Hill. Even con-
gressmen with a minuscule Jewish
constituency or no Jewish con-
stituency will think twice about
voting against Israel."
This view that Jews have new
political power "Has made even
our enemies come around," said
Robert Golder of Delaware Valley
PAC. "Even Jesse Helms has ask-
ed Jews why they tried to defeat
him."
PACs have also changed Jews'
perception of their own power.
For instance, after Jewish PACs
poured almost $322,000 into Il-
linois to successfully topple Sen.
Charles Percy, AIPAC director
Tom Dine told the Council of
Jewish Federations that Percy's
defeat had "defined Jewish power
for the rest of the century. That
win will reverberate."
BEFORE THE days of pro-
Israel PACs, Jews usually dealt
only with their own congressmen.
Now they study voting records,
policy statements, debate
transcripts of congressmen from
thousands of miles away. Of the
32 candidates backed last year by
the pro-Israel Louisianians for
American Security PAC, only
eight ran in Louisiana; of the 55
candidates backed by Tucson-
based Desert Caucus, none came
from Arizona.
For many Jews, the days of
precinct politics may be over.
Through their PACs, they deal
with an international issue the
Middle East at a national level.
With congressmen constantly per-
suing them for funds and assuring
them of their allegiance to Israel,
Jewish PACs and the broader
Jewish community sense a new,
invigorating clout in Washington.
A few years ago, Washington
humorist Mark Russel said, "PAC
people say they're for good
government and they're not try-
ing to unduly influence anyone.
But if they're not getting any,
why is 'action' their middle
name?"
RUSSELL'S wisecrack
underlines one of the innate pro-
blems with PACs, Jewish or
otherwise: The association in
many minds between campaign
financing and outright corruption.
The collective chorus from pro-
Israel PACs is that they reward
friends, retaliate a against
enemies and are, in turn, assured
a certain "access" to those who
are elected.
As for "buying" a vote, Na-
tional PAC head Richard Altman
said, "Impossible. Congressmen
are thinking, caring people. They
have their principles. But they are
also political animals and, by
nature, they need to run cam-
paigns which are very clostly.
That's where we come in."
There is nothing sleazy, said
Altman, about PACs. "It's all
highly regulated," he said. "It's a
very clean business. People tend
to forget about this and remember
back to the days of smoke-filled
rooms and crooked political
machines."
A FEW heads of pro-Israel
PACs are not particularly en-
thralled with the notion of
political action committees. They
endorse them because they are
the current modus operandi of
American politics. Said the head
of one PAC, "The oil lobby was
doing it before us. Bechtel was do-
ing it before us. It's our duty to do
it. And anyway, with the Arab
PACs so few and so weak, we
would be stupid not to take advan-
tage of them."
Even some people who back
PACs realize that they have their
shortcomings. "PACs do distort
the body politic," admitted one
Washington consultant who
nevertheless favors them.
"They give people in, say,
Manhattan, a voice in who is
elected in Idaho, but that's the
way politics is played these days.
We are dealing with the fate of
the Jewish state and I will do
Dante Fascell. head of
House Foreign Affairs
Committee, has
received $23,500 from
Jewish PACs.
anything anything to assure
that. Politics is not a platonic af-
fair. We are in it for keeps and
sometimes it gets very, very nas-
ty. It is s reflection of the political
maturity of American Jews to get
involved with PACs, whether they
like them or not."
"MONEY," Hubert Humphrey
once said, "is the mother's milk of
politics."
"Now, it's the chicken soup,
too," added Morris Amitay, head
of Washington PAC, thinking of
the growth of Jewish PACs. Only
time will tell how tasty that
chicken soup will be after being
stirred by the cruel necessities of
politics. But to Amitay, pro-Israel
PACs are a fait accompli and
debating their value is "fruitless."
Jewish "energies," said
Amitay, "would be better expend-
ed on creating more of them. Sup-
porters of Israel would actually be
remiss if they do not use all the
means available to them to ac-
quire access and influence. With
Israel facing so many serious pro-
blems and needing continued
American support, more PACs
are better than less."
Jewish National Fund
PrKd1 (Keren Kayemeth Leisrael)

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JEWISH NATIONAL FUND
420 Lincoln Rd.. Suite 353. Miami Beach. FL 33139
Phone 538-6464


Pge 10 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, January 17, 1986
Soviet Jewry Update
USSR Playing a 'Cruel Cat and Mouse Game'
NEW YORK (JTA) The
Soviet Union was assailed recent-
ly for playing a "cruel cat and
mouse game" designed to blunt
efforts here to achieve freer
emigration and to put an end to
the harassment and imprisonment
of Jewish activists.
In recent weeks and months,
there has been a pattern of Soviet
contacts with Jewish organiza-
tions here that seemed to point to
relaxed restrictions on the
emigration of Soviet Jews, said
Alan Pesky, chairman of the
Coalition to Free Soviet Jews.
"But no sooner do the Soviet of-
ficial raise hopes that emigration
will indeed increase, than these
hopes are dashed by denials by the
USSR that such predictions were
made in the first place," he said.
Pesky and Morris Abram, chair-
man of the National Conference
on Soviet Jewry, were the
speakers at a Sheraton Centre
news conference.
Abram reiterated what the two
groups said prior to the Geneva
summit, namely, that if the Soviet
Union cannot be trusted to keep
its word with respect to existing
international obligations on
emigration and other human
rights matters which do not affect
Soviet vital interests, it cannot be
trusted to keep its word with
respect to issues which directly
impact on Soviet and U.S.
security.
The two groups issued a report
citing the USSR's "abysmal"
1985 record on Jewish emigration
and human rights.
The report points out that near-
ly two months have passed since
the November summit in Geneva.
With the Soviet Communist Party
Congress approaching in
February, and the second round of
summit meetings between Presi-
dent Reagan and Soviet leader
Mikhail Gorbachev, originally
planned for June but now
reportedly rescheduled for
September, "there's still no con-
crete evidence despite many
rumors of a significant im-
provement in the plight of Soviet
Jews."
Pesky said that "while an easing
of tensions between the U.S. and
USSR is welcome, the issue of
Soviet Jewry must be high on the
agenda when Reagan and Gor-
bachev met in Washington."
Abram stated that "until the
next summit, we will continue to
direct our protests pointed, ac-
curate and poignant on behalf
of Soviet Jews."
The report issued recently
makes the following points:
In 1985, a low, albeit constant
level of Jewish emigration was
maintained. A total of 1,139
Soviet Jews left, a meager in-
crease over the 896 permitted to
leave in 1984. This, despite the
fact that 400,000 Jews have been
denied exit permits repeatedly.
The number of arrests, trials
and other forms of harassment of
Jewish activists rose "alarming-
ly" in 1985. Of the 26 Jews sent to
prison or labor camps, 12 were ar-
rested or tried since the beginning
of 1985 an average of one a
month.
Soviet police continued its
campaign of searches of the
homes of Hebrew teachers, con-
fiscating Hebrew instructional
material as well as religious ar-
ticles and books.
The USSR's tough policies
toward Jews "was aptly
demonstrated in the brutal
beatings by KGB-provoked
assailants of Jewish cultural ac-
tivists, including film director
Leonid Kelbert, who was
hospitalized because of his
wounds, and 12-year-old Avi
Statement from
Jailed Rabbis
Exactly one week ago, the five of us entered Petersburg
Federal Correctional Institution to serve a 15-day sentence for
demonstrating in front of the Soviet Embassy. We voluntarily
chose to give up our freedom, so precious to us, to dramatize our
anguish over the freedom so brutally denied our brethren in the
Soviet Union. Their cultural anhiliation and the physical brutality
imposed upon those who have chosen to teach Hebrew and Jewish
values must not be allowed to succeed without being exposed to
worldwide scrutiny.
The Torah commands us "Lo taamod al dam reiecha." "Do not
stand idly by while another's blood is being shed." (Leviticus XIX)
As long as our brethren remain enslaved, we have no choice but to
bear forceful and open witness to their suffering. Our very being
must echo the lofty ideal expressed so superbly by Dr. Martin
Luther King, Jr. of blessed memory, "to ignore evil is to become
an accomplice to it." The blood of the six million still cries out to
us. We must never again be guilty of indifference or failure of
courage.
Rabbi David Oler
Rabbi Leonard Cohan
Rabbi Bruce KaJui
Rabbi Mark Levine
Rabbi Harold Bayar
Three Men Arrested In Alleged
Plot To Blow Up Shul
PARIS (JTA) French police
have arrested three men two
Portuguese and one Egyptian
who were allegedly planning to
blow up the Rue Copernic
Synagogue, the site of a terrorist
attack five years ago. The three
were arrested here recently and
formally charged by an in-
vestigating magistrate. Accor-
ding to police sources, the trio was
planning the attack on behalf of
an unidentified Palestinian
organization.
Police said a bag containing a
map of Paris with the synagogue
location marked in red ink was
found in the hotel room occupied
by the three men during their stay
in Paris. The three also carried
the various elements needed to
built an explosive device. Letters
apparently intended to be releas-
ed after the attack claimed it was
carried out by "a Christian anti-
Zionist organization." These, too,
were found in the hotel room.
A powerful bomb exploded on
October 30, 1980 outside the Rue
Copernic Synagogue while hun-
dreds of worshippers attended
Succoth services. Four passerby
were killed, including an Israeli
woman, and 20 people were in-
jured. The terrorists were never
caught
Goldstein, son of Tblisi refusenik
iSai Goldstein, who was beaten,
stripped and photographed naked
by his attackers."
The general treatment of im-
prisoned Jews has also worsened,
with Anatoly Scharansky and
other prisoners singled out for
particular maltreatment. This
ranged from violations of their
rights to correspondence and
visits, to long periods of isolation
as well as physical abuse by
guards and other prisoners.
The frequency and intensity of
vicious articles and television
broadcasts attacking Israel,
Zionism and individual Jews have
not subsided.
The report adds thaAhere have
been occasions in the past when
Soviet officials have given
assurances that if specific public
protests and activities on behalf of
Soviet Jews here were to cease,
some movement on particular
emigration cases could be
expected.
Since such promises "have not
been fulfilled, it remains our
responsibility," the two organiza-
tions said, "to continue our public
campaign to keep the Soviet
Jewry issue in the world sotlight.
Experience and the Soviets' lack
of credibility on this vital issue de-
mand no less."
Ioaif Berenahtein
Aleksandr Khnlimanaky
Yuli Edelshtein
Jailed Rabbi Pleads for Soviet Jews
(Editor's Note: Recently, jive rabbit chose to
serve time wi jail rather than be released as a
symbolic gestures to Soviet Jews who are being
persecuted because they want to be Jews. The
fallowing is a pleajrom one of those rabbis.)
In a telephone call to the Union of Council for
Soviet Jews office from the Federal Corrections
Institution in Petersburg, Virginia, Rabbi
David Oler, one of the imprisoned rabbis, called
on the American people to speak out for the im-
prisoned in the Soviet Union.
"Our concern is that American people should
not forget that millions of Jews are suffering
discrimination and persecution in the Soviet
Union simply because they are Jewish," stated
Oler. "To dramatize the plight of Soviet Jews, I
and a number of colleagues have chosen to go to
prison rather than to accept probation for pro-
testing outside the Soviet Embassy. We hope
that this small step will serve to bring before
the eyes of America the truly tragic situation
facing Jews in the Soviet Union."
Oler mentioned several cases of Soviet im-
prisoned Hebrew teachers upon whom he
wanted world attention focused:
l)Ioaef Berenahtein, sentenced to four
years in labor camp. He has been beaten so bad-
ly in labor camp that he is now blind in one eye
and has lost substantial vision in the other.
2) Yuli Edelshtein, sentenced to three years
for illegal drug trafficking after the KGB found
"planted" drugs in a matchbox during a search
of his home. Also confiscated during that search
were Hebrew books.
3) Alexander Kholmianaky, sentenced to 18
months in labor camp for hooliganism and il-
legally possessing a gun and ammunition. Alex-
ander's case was noteworthy as it was the first
time the KGB had planted a gun in the apart-
ment of a Moscow Hebrew teacher. The court
could not, however, prove ownership of the gun
that was found. Alexander had a large follow-
ing of students; the arrest was seen as part of a
crackdown on Hebrew teacher.
In other developments, the D.C.-Marylnd
Regional Office of the Anti-Defamation League
announced that it has offered to underwrite all
legal costs, and to provide free legal counsel for
the defense of any additional persons arrested
for violating the distance restrictions while
peacefully protesting the plight of Soviet Jewry
outside the Soviet Embassy.
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Friday, January 17, 1986/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollvwood Page 11
Volunteer of the Year
VOLUNTEER Leah
Sugarman, who along with
Tena and Anne Soloman have
dedicated their lives to mak-
ing sore the Jewish Federa-
tion has volunteer staff on
hand to assist in the
monumental effort of getting
out the mail. The volunteers
have assisted in the organiza-
tion and mailing of
thousands and thousands of
pieces of mail each month. If
anyone is interested in
becoming a volunteer with
the Federation, please call
Dr. Jan C. Lederman at
921-8810 for an interview.
OPEN HEART SURGERY
HOLLYWOOD HEART SURGERY
Bypass Surgery, Valve Surgery, Pacemakers
INSURANCE HOSPITAL
Medicare Participating Memorial
Insurance Assignment Accepted
Health Plan Participation
ALLAN WOLPOWITZ. M.D.
3427 Johnson Street
Hollywood. Florida .13021
By Appointment Only
Tel. (305) 962-5400
THE BEST WAT TO SEE ISRAEL
IS OT AVAILABLE
TO THE GENERAL PUBLIC.
It is only available to members of the American Jewish Congress.
Since we inaugurated our International Travel Program in 1958, some
350,000 members have participated in our tours to Israel, as well as to
40 countries on six continents. Tours which have earned the reputation
of being, quite simply, the best there are.
What is the American Jewish Congress?
We are a Jewish human rights and legal action organization, founded
nearly 70 years ago. Our original aims were to strive for the creation of a
Jewish homeland in Palestine; to fight all forms of inequality, discrimina-
tion and anti-Semitism; to strengthen ties between Jews of America and
Jews throughout the rest of the world.
That was 70 years ago. What about now?
Our goals are the same, but the issues have changed. Our support
of Israel is unqualified and fundamental. We have been, and remain, an
integral part of the Mid-East peace process. At home, we are not afraid
to denounce the bigotry of a Louis Farrakhan or strive to eliminate, in
the courts and out, all forms of racism, bigotry, discrimination and anti-
Semitism.
What does this have to do with travel?
In our 40th anniversary year we determined that a concrete demon-
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What is so special about traveling with AJCongress?
Ourtours are renowned for excellence, sophistication, innovation,
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Can anyone book a tour?
No. Only American Jewish Congress members may participate in
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Come to brad. Come stay with friends.

u


Page 12 The Jewiah Floridian of South Browmrd-Hollywood/Friday, January 17, 1986
Community Dateline
Barry University
Lecture Series
The Office of Interfaith
Dialogue at Barry University,
11300 N.E. Second Ave., Miami
Shores, will sponsor its second lec-
ture in the annual Smulovitz Lec-
ture Series on Jewish-Christian
relations, Sunday, Jan. 19, at 2
p.m.
Rabbi Michael J. Cook, PhD,
professor of Intertestamental and
Early Christian Literature at
Hebrew Union College, Cincin-
nati, Ohio, will speak on "The Pro-
blem of Jesus and the Pharisees."
The cost of admission to the lec-
ture is $6. Students with iden-
tification cards will be admitted
free.
For more information, contact
Barry University at 758-3392, ex-
tensions 437 or 541.
B'nai Zion
U.S. Sen. Lawton Chiles will be
honored as the recipient of the
America-Israel Friendship Award
by the Southeast Region of B'nai
Zion at its Fifth Annual Mid-
winter Conference in the Crystal
Ballroom of Pier 66 Hotel and
Marina in Fort Lauderdale, on
Sunday, Jan. 19, at 10 a.m., an-
nounced Bnai Zion Regional
President, Arthur Y. Klein, and
Conference Chairman, Carl
Fisher. Mrs. Rose Matzkin,
former national president of
Hadassah, will be guest speaker.
This year's Conference theme is
"America-Israel: Peace-Unity-
Cooperation."
B'nai Zion, a major fraternal,
nonpolitical, American Zionist
Organization, sponsors 40 major
projects in Israel, including the
Home for Retarded Children in
hmpire
Fro/en
Fish Fillets
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Rosh Ha'ayin; Beit Halochem, the
Rehabilitation Centers for the
disabled Israeli War Veterans and
the Haifa Medical Center.
Registration for the Gala lun-
cheon begins at 10 a.m. Contribu-
tion of $22.50 includes a full
course luncheon and musical
entertainment. The event is open
to the public.
For further information and
reservations, phone the B'nai Zion
Regional Office, 456-1999.
B'nai Zion Southeast Region
will hold its next executive Board
meeting on Monday, Jan. 20 at
7:30 p.m. at Sunrise Savings and
Loan, 1110 E. Hallandale Beach
Blvd., in Hallandale, announced
Regional President, Arthur Y.
Klein. B'nai Zion National leaders
will speak on B'nai Zion and its
projects in Israel. The meeting is
open to the public. For further in-
formation, phone the B'nai Zion
Regional office, 456-1999.
ORT 'Think Tank*
The ORT (Organization for
Rehabilitation Through Training)
Academic Advisory Council
recently concluded its second an-
nual meeting with a strong direc-
tive reemphasizing the need to in-
clude instruction in moral and
ethical values as a critical compo-
nent of the total ORT program.
ORT's education and
technological training programs
represent the largest non-
governmental vocational educa-
tional system in the world, com-
prising 800 schools from Bombay,
India to Lima, Peru, with 100
schools in Israel, alone.
The 14-member council an im-
pressive roster of world-
reknowned academics, scientists,
industrialists, and statesmen
met recently for two days at Yarn-
ton Manor, site of Oxford Univer-
sity's Centre for Postgraduate
Hebrew Studies, in England.
Their mandate is to function as a
"think tank," evaluating ORT's
current curricula for relevance
and making long-range recom-
mendations based on projected
worldwide technological needs.
In addition to strengthening the
Jewish content of ORT education,
the council called for civics classes
to help studens understand the
structure of the societies in which
they live, maximum curriculum
flexibility to adapt to rapid
changes in technology, and the in-
clusion of biotechnology into the
ORT curricula.
Shaare Zedek
Medical Center
South Florida Women's Com-
mittee for Shaare Zedek Medical
Center in Jerusalem is honoring
Bea Young at its 9th Annual Lun-
cheon at Temple Emanu-EI Miami
Beach, Wednesday, Jan. 22, at
11:30 a.m. Rabbi Dr. Mordechai
Kirshblum is the guest speaker.
Please call 531-8329 for reserva-
tions and information.
Chassidic Music
An evening of Chassidic Music
starring internationally acclaimed
singer Avraham Fried and also
starring the Miami Boys Choir is
set for Saturday evening, Jan. 25,
at 8:45 p.m. at the Seville Beach
Hotel, 2901 Collins Ave. Miami
Beach, Fla.
Also featured will be the
Neginah Orchestra.
Fried, a new and rising star on
the Jewish music scene, will per-
form not only well known tradi-
tional Chassidic songs but also
some of his own compositions and
lyrics in an exciting style that has
been hailed around the world.
The Miami Boys Choir with its
unique blend of music and in-
novative choreography, is always
a crowd pleaser.
The concert is sponsored by Col-
el Chabad Israel.
Tickets will be available the
evening of the concert at the
Seville Beach Hotel box office.
Advance ticket sales are available
at, Judaica Enterprises, 1074
N.E. 163rd St., North Miami
Beach; Sarah's Pizza, 2214 N.E.
123rd St., North Miami; Torah
Treasures, 1309 Washington Ave.
Miami Beach; National Hebrew
Israeli Gift, 1507 Washington
Ave., Miami Beach, Embassy 41
Delicatessen, 534 41 St.; Embassy
Peking, 1417 Washington Ave.
Miami Beach.
Tickets are also available at all
Select a Seat outlets including
Jordan Marsh. To charge by
phone call in Dade 625-5100, in
Broward 462-7900.
Tickets range in price from $12,
$15 and $18. For more informa-
tion and reservations as well as
group rates call 531-8145.
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Jan. 16 thru 22. 1986

Quantity


Pro-Arab Lobby Pushing Efforts
To Re-Open Old Espionage Case
Friday, January 17, 1986/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 13
By JUDITH KOHN
WASHINGTON (JTA) -
Against the background of recent
tensions over alleged Israeli spy-
ing activities in the United States,
a pro-Arab lobbying group is
boosting its long-standing efforts
to revive an old espionage case
against a senior member of the
Department of Defense.
A Justice Department in-
vestigation was undertaken in
1978 to explore the possibility of
espionage charges against Steven
Bryen, then a senior aide to the
Senate Foreign Relations Com-
mittee, after former director of
the National Association of Arab
Americans (NAAA), Michael
Saba, claimed he overheard Bryen
offer secret Pentagon documents
to an Israeli Embassy official at a
Washington hotel.
The investigation was dropped
two years later after the Justice
Department reported that it had
failed to find conclusive evidence
of espionage activity.
Maintaining that the case
against Bryen, who was subse-
quently appointed Assistant
Deputy Secretary of Defense for
Economic Trade and Security
Planning in the Reagan Ad-
ministration, had been closed
prematurely and under pressure,
the NAAA has been trying to get
the case reopened for some time.
But in the auspicious at-
mosphere created by the recent
string of "Israel spy scandals"
including the case of Jonathan
Pollard and a current investiga-
tion into the possible illegal sale to
Israel of military technology for
improving cannon barrels the
lobbying group has begun to push
its case into the public eye.
An article by David Shipler that
recently appeared on the front-
page of the New York Times,
describing a heightened concern
in U.S. agencies over intelligence
leaks to Israel, recounted much of
the case against Bryen conveyed
at a recent NAAA conference
here.
The NAAA, which lobbies
against U.S. economic and
military aid to Israel, announced
its release of a 180-page report by
a Washington law firm which it
said corroborates its claims that
the Bryen case was closed
prematurely and under pressure
and that the Assistant Deputy
Secretary should never have been
given a top-secret security
clearance.
NAAA executive director David
Sadd said the report had been for-
warded to the "appropriate over-
sight authorities" in the Justice
and Defense Departments and to
Book
Review
Continued from Page 4
volume contains a larger number
of illustrations, many of which
were recently taken and provide a
fascinating comparison with the
earlier pictures.
For the readeror researcher
looking for pertinent data and
facts about Jerusalem and its
citizenry in the 19th century the
Ben-Arieh volume will contain
everything he might be looking
for. For the reader interested in a
highly readable and well-
illustrated book on the same topic,
the Gilbert book would be more
suitable. Both, however, provide
us with a deeper understanding of
the background and nature of the
numerous problems confronting
that area of the world today.
Nathan M. Kaganoff is the
Librarian at the American Jewish
Historical Society.)- -
the House and Senate Judiciary
and Armed Services Committees,
from whom they requested an in-
vestigation into the manner in
which the Bryen case was pursued
and subsequently closed.
The report includes numerous
documents from the Bryen in-
vestigation obtained by the
NAAA under the Freedom of In-
formation Act. But Saad accused
the Justice Department of
obstructing efforts by the law
firm to obtain all the documents it
has requested under the Act.
The Shipler article quoted John
Davitt, who headed the Justice
Department's Internal Security
Section at the time of the in-
vestigation, as saying he had ob-
jected to the appointment of
Bryen to an extremely sensitive
security post in the Defense
Department. Bryen's respon-
sibilities include the protection of
U.S. military technology from
foreign powers.
In his interview with Shipler,
Davitt said he found it "difficult to
understand how anyone reading
this (Justice Department) file
could conclude well, this matter
was investigated and he was given
a clean bill of health and all of the
allegations were resolved in his
favor.*;
Davitt said that a suggestion by
some of the prosecutors handling
the case to have it brought before
a grand jury several years ago
was rejected by Philip Heymann,
who headed the Justice Depart-
ment's criminal division.
Pushing his case against Bryen
before reporters, Sadd observed
that Bryen had been employed by
the American Israel Public Affairs
Committee and that his wife,
Shoshana, currently heads the
Jewish Institute for National
Security Affairs, a pro-Israeli
organization.
Defense Department
spokesman Robert Prusha told
the JTA that his department
regards the investigation of Bryen
as "fully closed," and the NAAA
report as "an old story in a new
wrapper." He maintained that
Bryen's background had been
thoroughly reviewed by the
Justice Department and that the
Assistant Deputy Secretary had
been cleared of all the allegations.
OLYMPUS From left, David Berlin, Leo Hilzenrath, and
Julie Brenner recently met to discuss the UJA/Federation
Campaign at the Olympus.
MUSIC THLATLR ASSOC. presents at the
rpc / Hotel -fc
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Miami Beach
In The Persian Room JANUARY 9 THRU MARCH 2 ^
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charge calls Rates subiect to change Oayt.me rates are higher Rates do not reflect applicable federal, state and local taxes Applies to intra-LATA long distance calls only


Page 14 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, January 17, 1986
Temple Update
v.-
..*
Congregation Levi
Yitzchok-Lubavitch
Friday evening services are at
5:30, Saturday morning at 9,
evening at 5:30. Sunday morning
services are at 8:30; evening at
5:30. Weekday services are at
7:55 a.m. and 5:30 p.m.
A new daily lecture has been in-
troduced for the benefit of the en-
tire community, geared especially
for the senior citizen. Every mor-
ning after Shachrith Service, the
daily portion of the Chumash (Bi-
ble) with Rashi commentary is
studied. Saturday classes are held
one hour before Mincha.
The program is in response to
the call of the Lubavitcher Rebbe,
Shlitah, Rabbi Menachem M.
Schneerson. The Rebbe has asked
that centers of learning for senior
citizens be established in com-
munities throughout the world.
Long opposed to premature,
forced and natural retirement, the
Rebbe has pointed out that the
older a person becomes, the more
wise he or she becomes and is
therefore more attuned to Torah
study than ever before.
The "Yeshivas for Senior
Citizens" have proven to be suc-
cessful both locally and around the
world. Many senior citizens have
felt that these periods of Torah
study have given them a new and
extended lease on life- a life of
meaning, a life of substance and a
life of sincere joy.
Lectures already in existence, in
addition to the daily class on
Chumash-Rashi includes: Sundays
- 8 a.m., Tanya; Tuesdays 7:30
p.m. Tanya (for ladies only);
Wednesdays 7:30 a.m. Mishna;
Wednesdays 7:30 p.m., Talmud;
Thursdays 7:30 a.m. Code of
Jewish Law; daily 5:45 p.m.,
Maimbnides Book of Mitzvoth.
A new weekly lecture, based on
the latest edited works of the
Lubavitcher Rebbe's commentary
of the weekly Torah portion,
begins Saturday, Jan. 11, at 5
p.m.
For further information on
Synagogue services, Hebrew
school, lectures, Evening Yeshiva,
Yeshiva for Senior Citizens, or on
how to get in touch with your
Jewish identity, phone 458-1877.
The synagogue is located at 1295
E. Hallandale Beach Blvd.
Rabbi Raphael Tennenhaus,
director of Chabad of South
Broward, has announced the start
of "Evening Yeshiva," a weekly
program held Thursday evenings
at 7:30 p.m. at Congregation Levi
Yitzchok-Lubavitch.
The program, geared for boys
10 and .over, is also open to
teenagers and adult men. Con-
ducted by a group of rabbinical
students from the Yeshiva
Gedolah of Greater Miami, the
Evening Yeshiva provides the
community with the unique
Yeshiva atmosphere that includes
one-on-one Talmudic discussions.
From Aleph-Beth tutoring to
the secrets of practical Kabbalah,
from informal Talmudic discus-
sions to lively rap sessions, the
program is the first of its kind in
Broward County and is open to in-
dividuals with no, little, or advanc-
ed knowledge in Judaism.
"It's a time when anyone from
the community can walk right up
to a rabbinical student (some of
whom are already ordained rab-
bis) and ask them anything they
want to know about Judaism but
were, up until now, afraid to ask,"
remarked Rabbi Tennenhaus.
The Rabbi pointed out that "the
abundance of ignorance has made
it the responsibility of Chabad to
reach out and teach- and the rab-
binical students have been doing
just that par excellence."
Chabad of South Broward, the
educational arm of Congregation
Levi-Yitzchok- Lubavitch, also
sponsors: Free Hebrew for
Juniors, Dial-a-Jewish-Story, and
the Army of Hashem Youth Club.
For further information on
Evening Yeshiva please call
458-1877.
To Dial-a-Jewish Story, phone
931-2938.
Temple Beth El
Andrew Finegold. son of Dr.
and Mrs. Ira Finegold, grandson
of Mr. and Mrs. Al Reich, will
celebrate his Bar Mitzvah on
Saturday, Jan. 18 in the
Sanctuary.
Andrew is a seventh grade stu-
dent at the Lear School. His in-
terests are computers, swimming
and marine biology. Andrew is
Sergeant at Arms of his seventh
grade class. His hobbies include
reading, photography, stamp col-
lecting and playing the piano.
The Doppelt Memorial Lecture,
sponsored by the Doppelt Family,
in memory of Charles and Ruth
Doppelt, will be held on Sunday,
Feb. 16, at 8 p.m. Rabbi Balfour
Brickner of the Stephen Wise
Free Synagogue in New York Ci-
ty will be the Temple's 13th An-
nual Doppelt Lecturer.
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Rabbi Brickner has had an ex-
tremely dynamic and impressive
career: international lecturer in
England, France, Germany,
Israel, Italy and North Africa; lec-
turer at American University in
Washington, D.C., and at For-
dham University in New York Ci-
ty; co-author of Searching The
Prophets For Values (1981) and
contributor to Christians and
Jews: The Tragic Past and The
Hopeful Future (1966); author of
numerous pamphlets and
magazine articles; host of an
award-winning national radio pro-
gram. "Adventures In Judaism,"
Civil Rights activist in the South;
a member of a fact-finding mis-
sion to Saigon during the Vietnam
War; and a member of the
Norwegian "Peace Ship" bring-
ing medical supplies to the people
of Nicaragua in 1984.
Rabbi Brickner has been a
member of a number of national
and regional committees, in-
cluding Iuterreligious Affairs, a
Black-Jewish Dialogue Group in
New York City; the New York
Board of Planned Parenthood, the
National Abortion Rights Action
League and the National Commis-
sion on Social Action of the
UAHC. In addition to being the
rabbi at the Free Synagogue, he
served as rabbi at Temple Sinai in
Washington, D.C.
The lecture is open to the public
and there is no charge; however,
admission by "ticket only" and
these are available the Temple
office.
On Saturday, Jan. 26, at 11
a.m., the Social Action Program
on "Ethical and Moral Issues Per-
taining to Life and Death" will be
on Euthanasia, which is "painless
death" or mercy killing" as it is
otherwise known. The program
will be held at Temple Beth El,
1351 S. 14th Avenue in
Hollywood. Sabbath services on
Saturday morning will begin at 10
a.m.
The panel will consist of an at-
torney, a physician and a Rabbi.
Dr. Philip R. Gould, who is both a
physician and an attorney, will
serve as the moderator of the
panel. After the discussion, the
ftrogram will conclude with a light
uncheon. The program is open to
the public.
The Sisterhood of Temple Beth
El monthly luncheon meeting will
be held on Tuesday, Feb. 11, at
noon, in the Tobin Auditorium of
the Temple, 1351 S. 14th Avenue,
in Hollywood.
By popular request, Sharon
Lynn Rothberg, a member of
Temple Beth El, will present a
musical program, accompanied by
Lil Hart, pianist. Sharon started
her theatrical career while still a
teenager in Cleveland, Ohio, when
she played the lead in "How To Be
A Jewish Mother." During the ten
years she lived in Cincinnati,
Ohio, she was active in Stage-
Crafters, a theatre group, and has
had leading roles in such shows as
"Play It Again Sam," "Unhealthy
To Be Unpleasant," as well as
singing in such musicals as "Fid-
dler On The Roof and "Gypsy."
Sharon has also been on two local
television shows in Cincinnati, a
cable television show in this area,
and has enjoyed performing for
many organizations over the year.
Deadline for reservations Fri-
day, Feb. 7. For reservations
please call Anna Wolfe, 9274)876,
Esther Mintz, 983-8920, or the
Temple office, 920-8225 -
944-7773. This luncheon is open
only to members.
The Sisterhood of Temple Beth
El is sponsoring an afternoon at
the Royal Palm Luncheon Theatre
in Boca Raton, to be held on
Thursday, Feb. 13, -featuring
"Brigadoon." If you wish to enjoy
a delightful afternoon of enter-
tainment and food, please send
your reservation together with
check for $33 to Hilda Bloom,
1833 S. Ocean Drive, Apt. 406,
Hallandale, Phone: 454-2346, or
Temple Beth El, 1351 S. 14th
Avenue, Hollywood. Phone:
920-8225 or 944-7773.
The bus will leave promptly
from Temple Beth El at 10 a.m.
sharp, so please arrange to be on
time.
A film "The Angel Levine"
starring Zero Mostel, Harry
Belafonte and Ida Kaminska. and
adapted from Bernard Malamud's
allegorical story, will be shown on
Wednesday, Feb. 12, 7:30 p.m., in
the Tobin Auditorium of the Tem-
ple, 1351 S. 14th Avenue in
Hollywood. A poignant film that
explores the bitterness of aging
and life's disappointments. The
bitterness tale concerns the ef-
forts of a black angel named
Levine to restore the faith of an
elderly Jewish tailor. The clash
between two such disparate
characters is humorous and heart-
warming. Tickets can be purchas-
ed at the door $2 each.
Hallandale Jewish
Center
On Sunday, Jan. 26, 7:30 p.m.,
at the Hallandale Jewish Center,
(416 N.E. 8 Ave.), a cantorial con-
cert will be held to benefit the
Hillel Community Day School.
Internationally known Cantors
Zvee Aroni of North Miami Beach
and E. Greenblatt of Tel Aviv will
perform Yiddish, Israeli,
Chassidic, and cantorial selec-
tions. As an added attraction, the
Hillel Community Day School Stu-
dent Choir will participate under
the direction of Marlene Tuchin-
sky with Jack Baras providing the
piano accompaniment.
The donation for a patron seat
in the Sanctuary is $10 per person
and general admission seats in the
auditorium are $7. Tickets are
available at the Hallandale Jewish
Center business office. Call
454-9100 for information and
reservations.
Temple Beth Shalom
Weekend services at Temple
Beth Shalom, 1400 North 46 Ave.
in Hollywood, will be conducted
by Dr. Morton Malavsky, rabbi,
assisted by Cantor Irving Gold,
chanting the liturgy.
Good, saleable merchandise is
needed at the Academy Bargain
Shop, run by Beth Shalom at 3221
N.W. 75 Terrace, Davie.
Volunteers are also needed to help
run the shop. For more informa-
tion, please call Ron Cahn,
966-2200. Store hours are: Mon-
day through Friday, 10 a.m. to 6
p.m.; Sunday, 11 a.m. to 6 p.m.
and Saturday, 6 p.m. to 9 p.m.
Beth Shalom will hold a blood
drive on Wednesday, Jan. 29,
from 3 to 8:30 p.m. The Memorial
Hospital Bloodmobile will be
located in the Temple parking
area and appointments to donate
blood may be made by calling
Temple office, 981-6111. Dr.
Steven Weisberg is chairing the
Blood Drive. Donors in good
general health, ages 17 to 85 may
donate blood.
Temple Israel of
Miramar
Friday Evening Services on
Jan. 17 will begin at 8 p.m. with
Rabbi Raphael C. Adler conduc-
ting and Cantor Joseph
Wichelewski chanting the liturgy.
Couples celebrating wedding an-
niversaries during the month of
January will be specially honored.
Ami Berez, daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Burton (Laurel) Berez of
Miramar, will become Bat Mitz-
vah during Sabbath morning ser-
vices beginning at 8:45 a.m. Rabbi
Adler and Cantor Wichelewski
will officiate as Ami chants the
Candle Lighting
Jan. 17 5:33 p.m.
Jan. 24 5:39
FJeligi ous directory
ORTHODOX
Ceagregatieei Levi Yftscbek Lubavitch. 1296 E. Hallandale Bach Blvd.. Hallan-
dale; 468-1877. Rabbi Rafael Tennenhaus. Daily services 7:66 a.m., 6:30 p.m.; Friday
waning, 6:80 p.m.; Saturday morning, 9 a.m., Saturday evening; 7:80 p.m., Sunday
8:80 am. and 6:30 p.m. Religious school: Grades 1-8. Nuraery school Monday
through Friday. ^^
Yeaag Israel of Hellyweed 8291 Stirling Road; 968-7877, Rabbi Edward Davis.
Daily services, 7:80 a.m.. aundown; Sabbath services, one hour before sundown Sab-
bath morning, 9 o'clock; Sunday, 8 a.m.
CONSERVATIVE
HaBaasMi Jewieh Ceater 416 NE 8th Ave.; 464-9100. Rabbi Carl Klein Daily
services, &80 a.m., 6:80 p.m.; Sabbath 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 8:46 a.m.
Tataala Beth gfcalees 1400 N. 4th Ave., Hollywood; 981-6111. Rabbi Morton
Malavsky. Daily services, 7:46 a.m., sundown; Sabbath evening. 8:16 p.m.; Sabbath
morning, 9 o'clock. Religious schoc* Kindergarten-8. '
lT ? **? I o9780 S?** Ro-d- **Tod; 481*100. Rabbi Avrabam
Kapnek.jferv.daily>ila.ni.; Sabbath 8p.m.; Sabbath morning8:46a.m. Religious
School: Nursery, Bar Mitxvah, Judaica High School. -%
Tsapt. Israel e/Mirasaar 6920 SW 86th St.; 981-1700. Rabbi Raphael Adler
ssgzszxe^8 PB-: ** **** *^-*~
?TS''a'r?LT 1M1 JhM0 8t" **rd: 920-1677. Rabbi Richard J. Margolis
OpjJ,; Sabbath morning. 9 am. Religious school: Pre-kind^garterrJudaic^HS
REFORM
Tejaah.Beth El 1861 S. 14th Av... Hollywood; 9204B26. Rabbi Samuel Z. Jaffa
y*Trj0"* pm- s*bbt0 morning 11 a.m. Religious school' Grades K-10
iZZl f^Z^^Z^1 Pembroke Road. Pembroke Pines: 481-8688. Rabbi
? n^ffi^ES TTJ^lPm- ^ ^o^ month w. ma*
at 7.80 p.m. Keiipous school: Pre-kindergarten-10
Sab^asrv*.., 8.16 p.m.; Sabbath morning. 10:90 am. Religious school: Pre-
RECON8TRUCTIONIST
Rasaat Stale* nsoi W. Broward Blvd.. Plantation 472-3600 RmhK viii.
SkkfcU. Sabbath eervica.. 8:16 p.m. Religious school^JZ^SJt^ *"**


Haftorah and addresses the con-
gregation. Presentations will be
made to Amy by a Temple Officer
and various auxiliary represen-
tatives. Ami is an 8th grader at
Pines Middle School and a
member of the Hay Class of the
Hyman Drooker Religious School
at Temple Israel. The Kiddush will
be provided by the Berez Family
in honor of Ami.
Minyan is held daily at 8:30 a.m.
Friday Evening Services on
Jan. 24 will take place at 8 p.m.
with Rabbi Adler conducting and
Cantor Wichelewski chanting the
liturgy. The students of the Daled
and Hay Classes of the Hyman
Drooker Religious School will par-
ticipate in conducting services. In
addition, children celebrating bir-
thdays during the month of
January will receive a blessing
from the Rabbi.
Sabbath morning services on
Jan. 25 will begin at 8:45 a.m.
with Rabbi Adler and Cantor
Wichelwlski officiating.
Cantor Wichelewski will appear
in Concert at the Temple on
Saturday evening, Jan. 25, at 8:30
p.m. Admission is by reservation
only.
Inquiries regarding services,
membership, and temple activities
are invited. Please call 961-1700.
Young Israel of
Hollywood-
Fort Lauderdale
Young Israelof Hollywood-Fort
Lauderdale announces the open-
ing of Broward's first Mikvah. A
special program, "For Women
Only," was held last month honor-
ing this event. Rabbi Edward
Davis, Mrs. Rena Turoff, and Mrs.
Tirtza Shapiro gave a presenta-
tion on marriage and the mikvah.
The shule library has a selection of
books available to the community
on Jewish Family Purity. The cost
for using the Mikvah is $5 for
synagogue members and $15 for
non-members.
Deon Wolpowitz became a Bar
Mitzvah last month. During ser-
vices, his parents. Dr. and Mrs.
Allan Wolpowitz donated a Sefer
Torah to Young Israel in honor of
their three children.
There was a Shabbaton earlier
this month for the 7th and 8th
graders. It was sponsored in con-
junction with B'nei Akiva of
North Miami Beach. The program
and all meals will be held at the
synagogue.
There was a large turnout for an
Oneg Shabbat at the home of Dr.
and Mrs. Gary Magid last month.
Many South Africans from the
community participated in the
discussion of the Jewish Com-
munity in South Africa their
response to Apartheid.
Saturday morning services are
at 9 a.m. Services are also held
every weekday morning at 7:15
a.m. and in the evening 10
minutes before sunset. We
guarantee a minyan so that Kad-
dish may be said. Call the office,
966-7877 for the exact time.
Argentina,
Israel Sign
Science Accord
TEL AVTV (WNS) The
Weizmann Institute of Science in
Rehovot has concluded an agree-
ment with the Argentinian In-
stitute of Biochemical Research-
Foundation Campomar, one of
Argentina's leading scientific
centers associated with the
University of Buenos Aires, for an
exchange of scientists and
students, collaborative research
projects in all areas of the natural
sciences and the sharing of scien-
tific information and publications
by the two institutions.
Friday, January 17, 1986/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 15
Hirt Appointed VP At RIETS
Rabbi Robert S. Hirt, son of
Mrs. Frank Piterman of
Hollywood and son-in-law of Mrs.
Murray Brickman of Hawaiian
Gardens, Lauderdale Lakes, has
been appointed vice president for
administration and professional
education at Yeshiva University's
affiliated Rabbi Isaac Elchanan
Theological Seminary (RIETS)
and its components, Dr. Norman
Lamm, president, has announced.
A resident of Monsey, N.Y.
Rabbi Hirt has served as an ad-
ministrator at RIETS for 20
years. Since 1980, he has served
as dean of the Max Stern Division
of Communal Services (MSDCS),
the communal outreach arm of
RIETS.
In his new position, Rabbi Hirt
will work to strengthen the
schools and programs that func-
tion within the RIETS structure,
Dr. Lamm said.
RIETS is the largest school for
the training of Orthodox rabbis in
America.
Before being appointed dean of
MSDCS, Rabbi Hirt was assistant
dean from 1977 to 1979 and
associate dean from 1979 to 1980.
Prior to joining the institution,
Rabbi Hirt was spiritual leader of
Congregation Degel Israel in
Watertown, N.Y. for four years.
During his tenure with RIETS,
he has been involved with
numerous programs concerning
community leadership, education,
services for the aged and for the
youth, and various Jewish cultural
efforts.
Rabbi Hirt has aided in the
development of Yeshiva Univer-
sity's intergenerational retreat
programs, which involve high
school and college students with
senior citizens.
He was instrumental in
establishing Project SAGES, a
special program that links
students with the elderly who live
near the University's Main Center
in the Washington Heights sec-
tion of Manhattan.
Rabbi Hirt has also served as
director of University Planning
for Jewish Education since 1974.
In that position, he has coor-
dinated undergraduate and
graduate training programs
design to attract and prepare
future Jewish educators.
The Jewish Education compo-
nent at RIETS was launched with
the establishment of the Stone-
Sapirstein Center for Jewish
Education by the family of philan-
thropists from Cleveland, Ohio.
Rabbi Hirt is a member of the
faculty of the Kawaler Rabbinic
Training Program at RIETS, a
program that concentrates on the
professional aspects of the rab-
binate with emphasis on such
areas as chaplaincy, homiletics,
pastoral pschology, practical
Halakhah (Jewish Law), and the
rabbi in the community. Rabbi
Hirt offers a seminar on Issues in
Jewish Education and an intern-
ship practicum in Jewish
edcuation.
Since 1969, Rabbi Hirt was the
establishing director of the Na-
tional Commission of Torah
Education, the coordinating agen-
cy for traditional Jewish educa-
tion, and the Educators Council of
America.
He has edited a series of
sourcebooks for high school
students on various Judaic studies
themes. He also directs the
Holocaust studies activities at the
University.
Rabbi Hirt earned his bachelor's
degree in 1959 at Yeshiva College
the men's undergraduate, liberal
arts and sciences division of the
Holocaust Revisionist
Tossed Out of Festival
TORONTO (JTA) Ernst
Zundel, who faces deportation to
his native Germany for spreading
propaganda that the Holocaust
was a hoax, was ousted from a
German cultural festival in Kit
chner, Ontario, recently after its
organizers were flooded with
protests.
Zundel, free on bail pending the
outcome of is appeal against con-
viction for "spreading false news"
displayed his paintings at the
Christkindl (Christ Child) show at
the festival. He was asked politely
to leave, with his art, according to
Hans Grumme, one of the
organizers. "He just disap-
peared," Grumme said.
He admitted Zundel's participa-
tion in the festival "was a slip on
my part. I didn't know then what 1
do now. His presence and name at
the show were tasteless. None of
us like what this man stands for,"
Grumme said.
The two-day festival is a tradi-
tional occasion for the sale of Ger-
man and Austrian arts and crafts.
Kitchner, which has a large
population of German origin, was
named Berlin before World War I.
Rabbi Robert S. Hirt
University. He also earned a
master's degree in Hebrew
literature from the University's
Bernard Revel Graduate School.
He was ordained at RIETS in
1962.
Rabbi Hirt was born in^937. He
is married to the former Marcia
Brickman, a graduate of the
University's Stern College for
Women. They have three
children. Their two sons attend
Yeshiva College and their
daughter attends the University's
Stern College for Women.
Yeshiva University, America's
oldest and largest university
under Jewish auspices, is now
celebrating its Centenial year.
Human Skin Repository
Founded at Hadassah
JERUSALEM (JTA) The
Chief Rabbinate has finally
relented and agreed to allow the
Health Ministry to establish a
"human skin repository" for
transplants in cases of persons
suffering severe burns. It will be
located at Hadassah Hospital in
Jerusalem, under the supervision
of the Israel Defense Force chief
medical officer and the chief
chaplain.
The lack of a akin bank in Israel
was brought to public attention
last March when hospitals were
forced to fly in skin from abroad
to save the lives of several soldiers
who suffered third degree burns
in a terrorist car bombing in south
Lebanon. Twelve soldiers were
killed and 14 bady burned.
The chief source of skin for
transplant is cadavers. For
religious reasons, the rabbinate
bans autopsies. The skin and
organs of deceased persons are
thus not available for transplants.
'
Commitment, if s what
makes us Jews. Thaf s
why we're beside you
when you need us
most. After all, Our
Real Involvement is
with the Living.
Riverside
Memorial Chapel
(305)531-1151
Dade Braward Palm Beach New *x*
_


Page 16 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood/Friday, January 17, 1986
*
INCLUDES HOTEL
THROUGH
IVMRCH 15,1986.
THE_MOSTNON-STOP>4ND DIRECT FLIGHTS TO ISRAEL.
For more information call your travel agent or El Al toll free at
1-800-ELAL-SUN (1-800-352-5786).
For a free, detailed color brochure on our packages, write El Al Israel
Airlines, Tour WI? 850 Third Avenue, New York, New York 10022.
Name_______________________________
A^^#%V Right now, El Al is offering Israel
WK M k packages for the vacation of a lifetime.
Y y I Unfortunately, these packages won't last
M \m that long.
Go to Israel now and El Al is offering
round trip airfare from Miami and Houston
plus six days/five nights in either Jerusalem
or Tel Aviv at a choice of luxury hotels for
only $931. Or, if you'd rather stay with
friends, we'll give you a rental car for five days.
For only $180, our Eilat package includes round trip airfare from
Tel Aviv to the exciting Red Sea resort of Eilat, plus three nights bed!
and breakfast at the luxurious Sonesta Hotel.
For $249 you can explore the ancient pyramids and the mysteri-
ous Nile. Our Cairo package offers round fnp airfare from Tel Aviv fo
Cairo, three nights at the deluxe Ramses Hilton and a lot more.
As always, there are free movies and drinks on every El Al flight.
That way you can start your vacation the minute you step on the plane.
I'll lypii rhi ii l Ml mmnt am \l'l \ Ua-on 11 M tvttuvn \lu md I fcwfcw jwd M \> MdnMAwNrMWfMn IMnqpfNohiKlMlMRMfM'M -ub-.ii...h.mi:.iMHvniin.Hk.- IhvMtM i.uh*-.i knun rv-lrul.H.- 1 nmrtr>wrlr*1 ^m| m II Al hM In, li.in \.>iu,il\ *.|t|S n.'i |VhLic< '"'-I IVfclV |M.k.i\:t' v*.| .tSn|V( I Vlliw p.KLifcr >**'
Address.
City____
State
JZLflL?
Zip.
HJF117
ft
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The airline of Israel
COME TO ISRAEL COME SMY WITH FRIENDS.


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