The Jewish Floridian of South Broward


Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Running title:
Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood
Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood
Added title page title:
Jewish Floridian of South County
Physical Description:
Fred Shochet
Place of Publication:
Hollywood, Fla


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Hollywood (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Broward County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Broward -- Hollywood


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 13, no. 23 (Nov. 11, 1983)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issue for July 7, 1989 called no. 11 but constitutes no. 13.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statement conflict: Aug. 4, 1989 called no. 14 in masthead and no. 15 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44513894
lccn - sn 00229542
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Jewish Floridian
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Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood

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Full Text
Volume 14 Number 18
Hollywood. Florida Friday, August 31,1964
" fndShochi
Price 35 Cents
Trifa deported
Romanian Arch-
bishop Valerian Trifa,
who led a pogrom
against Jews in 1941
and has been on a
speaking tour of the
U.S. recently, has
finally left the coun-
try for good. Page 3
Je irish Indians
About 100 Mexican-
Indians claim they
are Orthodox Jews,
able to trace their
lineage back 500
years to the early
Spanish conquests
of Mexico. Page 8
Copenhagen, Amsterdam have
350 years of rich Jewish history
Why a mission to Copen-
hagen and Amsterdam?
Jews have lived in Den-
mark since King Christian
IV invited them to live
there in 1622. Rapidly they
gained full rights of citizen-
ship, a privilege more often
than not denied them in
other European countries
at the time. But one of the
proudest moments in
Danish history came while
the country was occupied
by the Germans in 1943.
For three years, the
Danes lived under Nazi
rule, but the country's
7,000 Jews still lived rela-
tively normal lives. But on
October 1, 1943, Rosh
Hashona, the German oc-
cupation force gave the
order to
up all
synagogues, round
Denmark's Jews, and send
them by boat to concentra-
tion camps.
However, thanks to a tip
from a German shipping
attache, Danes were
prepared for that awful
day. Overnight, Jews
vanished they hid in
homes of friends, churches,
hospitals, and schools. By
the end of the month, all
but 500 Jews had been led
through the 30 mile
"Rescue Route" leading
from Copenhagen to
Denmark's northernmost
port, where local fishermen
risked their lives and pro-
perty to take them across
the Sound to neutral
Joan Raticoff JFSB
Missions Chairman
When the Germans
capitulated two years later.
U.S. aid to Israel may increase $840 million
I- Congress is expected to
provide increased aid for
Israel in 1985, all of it in the
form of grants, when it
ladopts the omnibus federal
[appropriations bill as a
[continuing resolution in
I September.
The 1985 package for
Israel includes $1.4 billion
in military aid, $550 million
more than in 1984, and $1.2
billion in economic aid,
$290 million more than this
year. Israel will also be al-
lowed to use some of its
United States military
credits in Israel to develop
its new fighter plane, the
La vie.
"This is the best aid
package for Israel we have
ever been able to get
through my subcommit-
tee,'' said Rep. Clarence
Long (D. Md.) chairman of
the House Appropriations
Committee's subcommittee
on foreign operations.
FAMILY MISSION BAR MITZVAHS AT MASADA Rabbi Herb Tobin officiates at the
Bt MUzvahs of (left to right! Peter Bober. Daniel Bober. d Scott Gruberg. Ceremonies took
Place July 23. with parents Mr. and Mr.. Larry and Fran Bober and Mr. and Mrs. Stanley and
Sheila Gruberg observing.
'Most importantly, when
the Israel economy faces a
300 percent inflation rate,
Israel can not afford to
incur new debt. It was not
an easy struggle to con-
vince the committee to con-
vert from loans to grants
but I was able to persuade
In the Senate, Sen.
Charles Percy (R. Ill)
chairman of the Foreign
Relations Committee, said
that since the Senate is not
expected to adopt a foreign
assistance bill, he is of-
fering the increases for
Israel as amendments to
the continuing resolution.
"Because of Israel's critical
economic situation, I feel
strongly about working for
these amendments," Percy
Both Percy and Long
have each sponsored a
provision to make the 1985
grants for Israel available
in the first quarter of the
fiscal year, which begins
October 1, rather than in
quarterly disbursements.
This will allow Israel to
ease its cash flow problems,
according to Long.
Long said he was able to
get his subcommittee to
approve, despite Reagan
Administration objections,
resolutions expressing the
sense of Congress that "no
sophisticated weaponry
Continued on Page 3
Denmark's exiled Jews
returned to take their pos-
session. Today there is a
population of about 8,000
Jews in Denmark, most of
whom live in Copenhagen.
Amsterdam Jewry goes
back even a little bit fur-
ther, to 1616, when city
authorities officially sanc-
tioned their community as
"Members of the Hebrew
nation." At that time, there
were 200-300 Spanish-
Portuguese Jewish families
living freely as Jews for the
first time in two hundred
As word of the tolerance
of the Dutch spread
throughout Europe, the
Jewish population of
Amsterdam grew quickly.
A Jewish quarter emerged,
made up of Polish and
German Jews, and Spanish-
Portuguese Jews. Although
the Quarter soon grew
overcrowded, the Dutch
were grateful to be exposed
to new culture, customs
and food, and the most
notable non-Jewish
resident of the area was the
painter Rembrandt, who
found inspiration in the
faces he knew to be des-
cendants of the Biblical
The Ashkenazi Grand
Synagogue, built in 1671,
and its neighbor, the
Ashkenazi New Synagogue
no longer exist, but the
Portuguese Synagogue of
1675 still stands and is in
use for services.
Dutch Jews were granted
equality of rights alongside
of the Calvinists in 1796,
and given the right to vote
by the National Conven-
tion. The community's
growth continued up to
1940, when Amsterdam's
Jewish population num-
bered about 90,000.
The Copenhagen-
Amsterdam -Amsterdam-
Israel mission will leave
Fort Lauderdale October 14
and return October 28.
More information concern-
ing attending the mission
can be had by calling Rae
Be in at Federation, 921-

jShJisouio Broward^ Hollywood Friday, August 17, 1984
Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood / Friday, Aujrust 31.1984
Zunshain appeal dismissed
While more than one hundred
friends and members of his
family elected to establish a rota
of one-day fasts until he is re-
leased, Zakhar Zunshain, the 33-
year-old teacher of Riga, heard on
Tuesday, July 24th, that the
appeal against his three year sen-
tence was dismissed.
Zunshain was arrested last
March after returning to Riga
from Moscow, where he held a
peaceful demonstration with his
wife and two other refuseniks.
The trial was held on June 28th
on charges of "Defaming the
Soviet State."
The last time his wife. Tatiana.
was allowed to see him was on
July 5th. when she. Zakhar s
sister and his parents were with
him for half-an-hour. They re-
ported that he "Looked dread-
ful." Since then Tatiana heard
from the Prosecutor himself that
her husband weighed 74 kg.
which means that Zakhar, who is
over six feet tall, lost two-and-a-
half stones. She has also heard
indirectly that he has been given
a rough time by the prison au-
Among those fasting on Zun-
shain's behalf were: Mikhail
Vinaver, Mark Leshchinsky.
Yakov Gorodetsky. Anatoly
Chechik, Alexander Yudbor-
ovsky and his wife Evgenyia
Utevskaya. Nadezhda Fradkova.
Boris Elkin, and his wife Mar-
garita Elkina. Evgeny Lein.
Yosif Radomyslsky. Alexander
Chudnovsky, Lev Sigalow and
Lev Furman
Yury Tamopolsky. a Doctor of
Chemistry from Kharkov, has
once again been placed in cell No.
9 of a camp in the Chita region,
where he is serving a three year
sentence, a cell particularly
notorious for the harshness and
brutality of its conditions. It is
the second time in the last six
months that Tamopolsky has
been given such punishment for
alleged breaches of camp regula-
In an urgent appeal to all his
friends to do all they can to help
him. his wife, Olga said this
week: "To place a man with a
weak heart such as Yury has into
a cell which houses hardened and
vicious criminals, is a sadistic
form of torture. I have the
gravest fears that he might not
be able to live through it."
The first time Tamopolsky was
put into a punishment cell for
seven days was last February,
when he was on hunger strike in
protest against the cancellation
of visits from his wife. This time
he was punished on June 17, for a
period of fifteen days. Last
month Olga was promised by the
authorities that she would be
allowed to see her husband some-
time at the end of June. "Now
with this fresh punishment," a
friend of the family said "her
hopes of seeing him have once
again been dashed."
Both long term Prisoners of
Conscience, Anatoly Shchar-
ansky and Yosif Begun were re-
ported this week to be in consid-
erable difficulties in their respec-
tive prisons where they are
serving tbsir sentence..
Information regarding Shchar-
ansky serving thirteen years in
Chistopol prison comes from the
July letter received by his 76-
year-old mother Mrs. Ida Mil--
grom in Moscow. In it he reports
that as a result of some undefined
breach of regulations his
privileges have been cut by so
percent. Instead of being allowed
to write a letter per month, he
may now write only one every
two months; his exercise period
has been slashed from sixty
minutes to half-an-hour; and his
right to supplement his rations
from the prison canteen was
taken away altogether. In addi-
tion to the above, as we reported
nrpvipnslv.theJulv 4th visit, to
which he had been entitled, wai
Jews move into Arab-populated Hebron
Defending the enlargement of the
Jewish area in heavily Arab-
populated Hebron on the West
Bank. Defense Minister Moshe
Arens said the Arabs should
welcome the settlers because this
"would eradicate the blow of the
terrible Arab pogrom on the Jew-
ish population in 1929."
Speaking here to a gathering of
Emunah, the national religious
women's organization. Arens
said, "I think that there is
considerable understanding
among many of the Arab
population in Hebron that it is
right and proper and even in their
own interest that that des-
truction and that act of carnage
that took place in 1929 should not
remain the last word, and that
the Jewish quarter in Hebron
should be re-established.
Aren's remarks were in defense
of the secret arrival of a caravan
of four mobile homes last week at
a hilltop inside Hebron over-
looking the Jewish cemetery.
Four Jewish families later arrived
to occupy the trailers The
settlers claimed that their action
had Arens' approval.
Arens also expressed his belief
that there is now a better under-
standing in the United States of
settlements in the West Bank
He also had harsh words for the
members of Israel's Citizens
Rights Movement who protested
the settlement. Arens said they
were motivated by racist views
against Jews. .
Premier-designate Shimon
Peres of the Labor Alignment
assailed the settlement move,
saying that the interim govern-
ment should leave controversial
issues such as the settlement in
Hebron for the next government.
Peres also recalled that it was
the Labor Alignment that
authorized the establishment in
1970 of Kiryat Arba. the Ortho-
dox settlement adjacent to
Hebron, because it believed in
"city by city, and not city within
The mobile homes were parked
on the Tel Rumeida Hill, on a
half-acre tract of land that
belonged to the Jewish com-
munity of Hebron before the 1929
Interior Minister Yosef Burg,
Energy Minister Yitzhak Modai
and Trade and Industry Minister
Gideon Patt said they wanted
more information about the
timing of the action, as it came
during talks for a national unity
government They said they also
wanted to know more about
whether the Ministerial Settle-
ment Committee was planning
more settlements.
The implied criticism evoked
speedy counterarguments, led by
Arens; Science and Development
Minister Yuval Neeman. chair-
man of the Ministerial Settle-
ment Committee; and Minister
Without Portfolio Ariel Sharon.
Sharon complained that, in
addition to the criticism against
the settlements by the op-
position, there was also
"criticism from within." The
hawkish minister said publicity
about the caravan was "exag-
gerated" because it had arrived
in accordance with earlier
decisions and were placed on the
site only after the Justice
Ministry ruled that the hilltop
site was owned by the state and
not by local Arabs.
Several ministers asked why
the army had permitted an anti-
settlement rally by members of
the Citizens Rights Movement at
the Hebron settlement, Arens
replied that the demonstrators
moving along the Jerusalem-
Hebron road concealed their rally
posters until they were assem-
The demonstration, which
included several dozen CRM
have new woes
Soviet Jewish refusenik Alex-
sandr Kholmiansky was expected
to go to trial on Aug. 23, ac-
cording to information received
by the Greater New York Confer-
ence on Soviet Jewry. Khol-
miansky. a 34-year-old Hebrew
teacher who was arrested on July
25. faces up to one year in prison
if convicted on the charge of
In Odessa, refusenik Yakov
Levin was arrested on Aug. 12,
just five days before his
scheduled marriage to Yehudit
Nepomniaschy, a prominent
Odessa refusenik. According to
the CNYCSJ, information about
the cause or circumstance of his
arrest is not yet available.
members, was held only a few
yards from the four parked
trailers. Rally speakers
questioned the sincerity ol
leaders who spoke in support of s
national unity government and at
the same time promoted such a
"controversial settlement."
The rally ended without
disturbances. The local Jewish
settlers even offered the demons-
trators cold drinks.
Arab Hebron remained quiet,
though local leaders expressed
fears as to the effect of the new
move on tempers within the
town. The army appeared taken
by surprise, though soldiers were
quickly moved in to help string
barbed wire and to protect the
Jewish families.
Peace Now spokesmen
denounced the move as soon as it
became known. Mordecai Bar-
On. a new Knesset member on
the CRM list, appealed to Peres
to make the removal of the
caravan a condition for continued
talks with Likud.
Information concerning Begun
serving twelve years in the Perm
complex comes from his wife
Inna Begun in Moscow. She was
told that Yosif was taken into the
prison hospital in the village of
Vsiesviatskoye on 28th June for
unspecified tests.
Inna is certain that as a result
of Begun's hunger strike, which
he began last May, his health has
been seriously undermined. She
continues to press the authorities
to be allowed to visit her hus-
We publish below an excerpt
from a desperate appeal Inna has
made to Western scientists to
intervene on Begun's behalf:
"My husband is in a strict
regime Labour camp, where he is
a victim of a policy of a refined
form of cruelty. On May 9th he
was put in the penal isolation
ward for fifteen days, and a few
days later he was sent into the
camp prison for six months, the
conditions there are notorious.
"During the twenty months of
his imprisonment he has had no
private visits. My husband is 52-
years-old. The prison officials are
doing everything which will irre-
vocably destroy his health. 1
appeal to you, his colleagues and
scientists, and beseech you to
raise your voice on behalf of my
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Trifa deported to Portugal
^hbtohop Vdwiiin Tnfa. who
-m ordered deported from the
SJ Suite, in October. 1982.
(or his activities in leading the
Rumanian Iron Guard in a
pogrom against Jews in 1941. left
[he US for Portugal, the Justice
Department has announced.
Mr Trifa's departure is per-
manent. Stephen Trott. Assist-
ant Attorney General, criminal
division said at a press con-
ference at the Justice Depart-
ment. "We have taken steps to
ensure that he will never ever
come hack into the United States
of America."
Trott noted that Trifa's depar-
ture ends nine years of legal
efforts by the Justice Depart
ment's Office of Special
Investigations (OSI) to first strip
Trifa of his citizenship because he
entered the U.S. in 1960 after
lying about his Nazi past and
then to deport him.
Neal Sher. director of the OSI.
noted that before the legal acti-
vities began, several persons had
sought to bring Trifa to public
attention, particularly Dr.
Charles Kramer of Rumania, now
a New York dentist.
Trott said that U.S. officials
were present when Trifa left from
Kennedy International Airport in
New York and when he arrived in
Portugal. "This represents a
highly significant victory of the
Office of Special Investigations,
because Trifs, who has been
highly visible, as the Bishop of
the Rumanian Orthodox Church
of America, was a symbol of this
country's recent concerted efforts
to move against Nazi war
criminals," Trott declared.
"His departure proves that
denaturalization and removal
from the United States of indi-
vidual engaged in persecution
under the Nazi regime are not idle
threats," he said.
Trott noted that Trifa is the
third Nazi war criminal under
prosecution by the OSI to have
left the U.S. in recent months. In
April, 1983, Hans Lipschis, of
Chicago, a Lithuanian-born SS
Deaths Head guard at the
Auschwitz death camp, was
deported to West Germany. In
July, Anatoly Hrusitzky fled the
United States for Venezuela and
renounced his U.S. citizenship.
Sher said the OSI presently
has 35 cases in litigation and is
investigating some 300 others.
The 70-year-old Trifa entered
the U.S. in July 17. 1950 and was
American Jews Predict trouble
if Israel amends Law of Return
prominent American Jews
warned here that a proposed
amendment to Israel's Law of
Return may diminish American
aliyah and have a long-term
corrosive effect on the attach-
ment of American Jews to Israel.
The possibility of such an
amendment also brought ex-
pressions of concern from local
and national religious leaders in
the Conservative and Reform
Theodore Mann, president of
the American Jewish Congress,
spoke at a news conference last
week with Dr. Simon Greenberg,
vice chancellor of the Jewish
Theological Seminary of Ameri-
ca Habbi Jack Cohen of B'nai
B'rith; and Rabbi Richard Hirsch
of the World Union for
Progressive Judaism. In addition
to their own organizations, the
four represented the American
Committee, the Anti-
Lague of B nai
B'rith and the Jewish Labor
I .!- riiinth's indecisive Israeli
which highlighted the
pan iaa and religious
(I the possibility that
l'th the Labor Alignment and
ruling Likud Coalition might be
d to offer concessions on
the matter of amending the Law
ol Kit urn in exchange for
coalition votes.
Mann characterized the
proposed amendment as
political act. rather than a
religious measure. Non-Orthodox
Jews can accept the fact that Is-
raeli religious authorities will not
recognize conversions performed
by non-Orthodox rabbis. Mann
said. However, he added, "I don't
want the State of Israel to tell me
that we are something less than
The Law of Return, known as
the Who is a Jew?" law," has
been the center of controversy for
more than a decade, since the Is-
raeli Supreme Court ruled in 1970
that it applies to all those who
declare themselves Jewish. The
law was later amended by the
Knesset to define a Jew as a
person born of a Jewish mother
or anyone converted to Judaism,
without specifying the
requirements of the conversion.
Orthodox religious parties in
Israel have pushed to amend the
law so that converts to Judaism
will be recognized only if their
conversions are according to
Orthodox interpretation of
halachah. Halachah includes all
of Jewish law, as taught in the
Bible and Talmud, as well as
interpretations by rabbinic
scholars and commentators. The
proposed amendment has been in
the Knesset for more than a year.
The World Union's Hirsch said
that as a result of the amend-
ment. "We may face a situation
in which a very high percentage
of Jewish people may not be
considered Jews" in Israel. He
urged a meeting of all Jewish
religious denominations to iron
out the problem.
'Let our religious groups sit
around the table and talk," he
said. "If Sadat and Begin could
sit together, why can't we do
The Jewish leaders said they
had already been in contact with
Minus Israeli political parties to
block any changes in the Law of
Return. They declined to give
details on these talks.
In New York, Rabbi Alexander
Schindler, president of the Union
of American Hebrew Congre-
gations, the Reform movement's
umbrella group, called on both
Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir
and Labor Party leader Shimon
Peres to reject "pressure from the
Orthodox parties" to amend the
law as the price of their support
in forming a coalition govern-
"Jewish unity must never
become a bargaining chip on the
table of political power,"
Schindler said.
Rabbi Aaron Landes, im-
mediate past president of the
Philadelphia Branch of the
Rabbinical Assembly said, "I am
opposed to the proposed
amendment because of the in-
sertion of the word 'Orthodox.' I
would not be opposed if instead
they were to say 'halachic' or
traditional,' because a Conser-
vative rabbi arranges for halachic
conversions. If a Reform rabbi
were to choose to do so, he could
as well.
"In essence." Landes con-
tinued, "they are saying that
only an Orthodox rabbi can do it.
even if the Conservative rabbi
follows halachah as carefully as
the most extreme of the Ortho-
"The target, therefore, is not
halachah." he said. "The target is
rabbinic groups. They're not
saying a Conservative rabbi can't
function within halachah, but
that they will only accept the
work of an Orthodox rabbi. So in
that regard, it is a lashing out at
the Conservative and Reform
Landes speculated that the
Orthodox in Israel are "feeling
threatened by the Conservative
and Reform movements' efforts
to grow within Israel."
Landes said the comments of
Mann and the others at the Jeru-
salem news conference served to
put the Labor and Likud
coalitions "on notice that there
can be political and financial
losses to the State of Israel if
they give in to the political
pressure. The message is, 'Don't
succumb; you may have losses on
the other side. What you gain
here, you may lose there.' "
Rabbi Edwin N. Soslow, is
president of the Eastern Penn-
sylvania and Southern New
Jersey Region of Central Con-
ference of American Rabbis, the
Reform rabbinical group.
Expressing what he termed the
"long-standing opinion of the
Reform movemnet" on the issue.
Soslow said. "We are 100 percent
opposed to any change in the
present Law of Return."
He termed the proposed
amendment "a tremendous insult
to the American Reform and
Conservative and even Orthodox
movements, because we have
learned by and large to get along
with each other here."
Soslow said the proposed
change would affect a large
number of American Jews,
estimating that the Reform
movement has been converting
about 10.000 people per year for
the past decade
"We are talking about by
the end of this century an
American Jewish community of
which 20 percent will be converts
or children of converts." he said.
Most of those, he pointed out.
would not be acceptable as Jews
under the proposed changes.
"They're going to the heart of
who is a Jew and who can call
somebody else a Jew," he said.
"It's power who has the power
to say who is a Jew."
From the Philadelphia Jewish
U.S. aid to Israel
Judaica study class offered
Continued from Page 1
should be sent to Jordan
until it begins
agreements. A spokesman
for Long explained that
while these resolutions are
iME^JHK S?**-"* poSicar negotiations with not bindingthey6o send a ^^SSSSSSK
'TfijSEK The session, will last two signal' to the Administra- h ^
abides by the Camp David tion. about his wartime activities in
to "get into the U.S."
Valerian Trifa
naturalized on May 13, 1967. He
lived in Grass Lakes, Michigan,
near Detroit. In May, 1975 the
U.S. began denaturalization
proceedings against him in
Detroit. But in September, 1980,
on the eve of trial, he surrendered
his certificate of naturalization.
The OSI then instituted dep-
ortation proceedings. The trial
began on October 4, 1982. but
after three days of testimony
establishing Trifa's role in the
anti-Semitic persecution of
Rumanian Jews by the Iron
Guard, Trifa agreed to depor-
Sher explained that in an
agreement with him, Trifa was
given two years to find a country
to go to and if he could not do so
by October. 1984. he would be
deported to Rumania. Sher said
that since then, the OSI has been
in discussion with Rumania,
Israel, West Germany, and
Switzerland about taking Trifa.
He said that Trifa, apparently
fearful of going to Rumania, ob-
tained a visa to Portugal on his
own. Sher said he believed that
Israel is pleased by this result.
Trott said that a deportation
charge is a civil proceeding and
that if Trifa was to ilegally enter
the country again he would face
criminal charges. He noted that
Trifa is well known so that he
could be spotted if he re-entered
the U.S.
Trott said that the U.S. cannot
prosecute people for the crimes
they committed during World
War II. but can order them
deported. Both Sher and Trott
stressed that even if Trifa is not
prosecuted, he is still being
punished by being forced to leave
the United States. "This was not
a man picking up and leaving
because he wanted to spend his
golden years outside of the U.S.,"
Sher said.
David Brody. the Washington
representative of the Anti-
Defamation League of B'nai
B'rith, who attended the briefing,
told the Jewish Telegraphic
Agency that the successful
culmination of the nine year
effort of the Justice Department
will leave every Nazi who lied to
get into this country many a
sleepless night. Its a signal that
our government is going to
proceed and has been proceeding
10-week session
study program at the Jewish
Federation of South Breward.
The Jewish Latin-American
K^up proudly announces its
annual family picnic Sunday
^Ptember 23 beginning at 10
m. and continuing through the
day at T-Y Park Pavilion 14.
Coffee and dessert will be
*rved. but participants are
"ted to bring their own lunch.
"Here will be games, swimming,
"""petitions and door prizes.
There wOl be a *3 charge per
S^but children will be ad-
"" without charge. For
Rations, please call Dave
K*P'n at Federation, 921-8810.
The sessions will last two
hours beginning at noon and will
continue each following Wednes-
day. The Federation is located at
2719 Hollywood Boulevard.
Dr. Jeremiah Unterman,
Director of the Graduate
Program of Jewish Studies at
Barry University, will teach the
lecture and discussion class. He
is a recognized expert in biblical
Judaism and Jewish ethics.
Topics to be covered include
the idea of creation, the origins of
good and evil, the real signi-
ficance of repentance, and the
idea of covenant.
The Judaica study program is
being sponsored by the Educa-
tion committee and the Women's
Division of the Jewish Federation
of South Broward. A registration
fee of $46 will be charged. For
more information, please contact
Sandra Roes at the Federation,
STAR program set to fund education
A program to provide scholar-
ships for synagogue students in
afternoon elementary school in
the South Broward area wOl be
continued this year by the Jewish
Federation of South Broward.
The program. Student Tuition
Assistance Recommendation
(STAR), will provide partial pay-
ment of tuition costs for families
in financial need.
Families may apply for
registration at the synagogue
school of its choice. Scholarships
will be issued to families baaed on
income and coat of educaion. A
total of 110,000 is available for
this program.
"This program is an expression
of our community's acceptance of
responsibility for enabling those
families unable to meet the costs
of a Jewish education to secure
proper Jewish training for their
children," said Avis Sachs, chair-
person of the subcommittee on
Synagogue School Funding for
the JFSB, which last year began
the STAR program.
"What is special about this
program is that it encourages
each family to select that school
which best meets its own parti-
cular needs," she said.
Dr. Stanley Spatz, chairman of
the education committee of the
JFSB. said "It is hoped that the
scholarship fund will let students
who now receive no Jewish
education enroll in one of the
schools of the community."
A family nay apply for tuition
assistance either by going
through its synagogue or
through the Jewish Federation of
South Broward. Applications will
be reviewed anonymously by a
committee from the Federation,
and after acceptance, the
synagogue would receive reim-
Sandra Rosa, educational dir-
ector for the JFSB, can be
contacted at 921-8810 for addi-
tional information concerning the

lay, August 17, 1984
Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Friday. August 31.1964
A Dream Platform
For American Jews?
With some glaring exceptions, such as
those involving civil rights issues, the
Platform adopted by the Republican Party
National Convention
reads like a dream so far as Jews and those
concerned with Jewish problems are
The clear statement, especially for bigots
who absurdly love to equate Jews with
Communism, that Israel represents the
dominant force in the Middle East that
stymies the Soviet Union's expansionist
interests there is about as exciting a
statement as one would want to see in a
Platform plank.
The equally clear GOP repudiation of
anti-Semitism in American life, retriggered
in recent years by growingly successful
Arab propaganda and certain Christians of
the Fundamentalist persuasion out-of-step
with the reformed notions of their
movement, is just as exciting.
Particularly in this instance, the
Democratic Platform failed miserably in
San Francisco, where Walter Mondale and
his people refused to incorporate such a
statement because of the fear, of all people,
of ruffling the feathers of Jesse Jackson.
Can you imagine such nonsense or what
it says about the much vaunted Jackson
address before that convention in which he
apologized to Jews for his "Hymie" and
"Hymietown" remarks? Just how sincere
could the apology be. given these cir-
Even on the matter of quotas, the GOP
Platform is dominantly appealing to Jews,
who considered them as reverse
discrimination in too many instances of
equal access-equal opportunity.
On Eating Junk Food
Is all of this a partisan statement of
support for Ronald Reagan's bid for
reelection to the presidency? Hardly.
Reckoned in terms of Jewish concerns, the
Republican Party, with the clear un-
derwriting of President Reagan,
categorically refused to endorse a move of
the American Embassy from Tel Aviv to
Jerusalem. The Democrats, in their
platform. did endorse such a move
And on significant domestic issues in-
volving civil rights, most American Jews
will hardly be happy with the GOP menu.
The Democrats and Walter Mondale seem
far more comfortable reckoned in these
But the bottom line in all of this is that
party platforms in general are icing on the
cake, which most careful cake-eaters brush
away in any case before they sit down to
their dessert. A candidate, once elected, as
a principle order of business. instantly
ignores the platform and its planks as the
junk food that most cake with icing is by
its nature.
Why all the fuss about a party platform
then? The answer would be as vague, or
perhaps even meaningless, as an answer
would have to be to another question: why
all the fuss about political conventions
which crown as much as a year of
sometimes frenzied activity by a field of
vying candidates, as was the case among
the Democrats in 1983-84?
All this frenzy is the Big Top of the
national circus, and there is no way to
explain its significance to us other, we
suppose, than to observe that many
Americans mistakenly identify it with the
Democratic process.
But platforms, praiseworthy or dam-
nable, have little to do with the Democratic
process. Only with its pageantry.
Rakah Out in the Cold
Just a few paragraphs ago, we noted that
bigots love to say nasty things about Jews
and what they allege to be the Jewish
affinity for Communism.
The struggle going on in Israel today, as
Labor chairman Shimon Peres hopes to
beat his 21 -day deadline to form a working
government, took a turn toward a
Labor attempt to establish a coalition
government with some of the nation's
fractional parties.
Among other such fractional parties, it
would of necessity include Ezer Weizman's
new Yahad Party. Also Rakah, Israel's
Communist Party. Be it known, bigots,
that if Mr. Peres found it impossible to
form a Unity Government with the
narrowly-defeated Likud coalition headed
by Yitzhak Shamir the fact behind his
latest flirtation with a narrowly-based
Labor coalition he will find it doubly
difficult to establish such a government in
which Rakah s four seats figure.
Weizman, whose Yahad Party won three
seats in the Knesset, has already said
outright that he would not join such a
coalition. Others have said the same. They
want no part of the Communists.
Bigots are bigots. Especially anti-
Semites. This won't stop their palaver any
more than the Republican Party Platform
plank on Israel as one of the world's
dominant forces frustrating the world
expansionist aims of the Soviet Union can
stop them. But it is a point, we believe, that
needs to be made.
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Owl O* Town upon I
Egypt reacts reservedly
to Israel's elections
Friday. August 31, 1984
Volume 14
Number 18
CAIRO (JTA, Egypt's
leading semi-official newspaper
has reactd to the results of the
recent Israeli elections with
reserved judgment, despite an
apparently growing pessimism
over the chances for a renewal of
the peace process any time soon
In its numerous reports,
analyses and editorials, the
newspaper. Ai Ahram. has
avoided the appearance of favor-
ing one form of coalition govern-
ment for Israel over another This
is in contrast to press coverage
before the elections, when, for a
period. Ezer Weizman's cam-
paign on the new Yahad Party
ticket enjoyed such favorable
coverage that the paper a less
informed readers may have con-
cluded that his party, rather than
Labor, was the principal rival of
Toward the end of the cam-
paign, statements by Labor
Party leader Shimon Peres sug-
gesting he would breath new life
into the peace with Egypt, were
given prominent placement,
together with reports based on
Israeli polls of a projected over-
whelming Labor victory.
But the only exception to the
overall neutral tone character-
izing the reactions of this
government-guided daily to the
election results, was SB article by
a PLO official who frequently
writes for the paper, calling tor
increased support of the
"resistance" against Israeli
forces in Lebanon. "This is an
auspicious time."' said Ahmad
Sidoi Al-Dajani. the official, "for
Arabs to give the Israeli expan-
sionists a lesson they won't
The attainment of a Knesset
seat by Meir Kahane the
American born rabbi who calls
for the expulsion of all Arabs
from Israel and the release of
Israeli Jews charged with terror-
ist activities was reported and
criticized in the press, but
without the sensationalism that
might have been expected.
An editorial headline in Al
Ahram that read "By Force"
referred not to the new parlia-
mentarian's threat to use coer-
cion against Arabs, but to his
vow to employ any means to
ensure that he would be included
in the Israeli President's agenda
of consultations with leaders of
parties that won seats in the new
Knesset (As it turned out. Presi-
dent Chaim Herzog refused to
meet with Kahane.) The editorial
criticized Israel for permitting
Kahane to run in the elections in
the first place
But it did not overlook the
efforts made in Israel to try to
bar ban from the race or the
objections to Kahane s Kach
Party and tactics voiced bv
leaders of the governing coalition
and others, including former
Prime Minister Menachem
Analyses of the election results
and speculation on what form the
new government will take did,
however, reflect pessimism, ui
light of the new distribution of
Knesset seats among numerous
small parties, over the intentions
or ability of either Labor or Likud
to agree to any concessions to the
Arabs that might give the peace
process a boost.
Having concluded that
fragile coalition government i
Israel means no new Israeli
initiatives in the near future for
negotiating the status of the
West Bank and Gaza one article
suggested that the Araba them
selves respond with new pro-
posals and heightened pressure
on Israel.
A recent editorial in Al Ahram
went further in exhorting Arao
states to take the initiative In sn
apparent reference to Egypt
exclusion from the Arab League^
effective since the conclusion o
peace with Israel, the editorial
called upon Arab states to tax*
an example from talk of
national unity government
Israel, by returning the A ran
cause "to its proper coPe\l"
order to broaden the arena with
view toward the formation of
strong Arab aliance."

A Woman's Perspective
Contributing Editor
Committee: Nancy Brizel. Gerry
Morrwon. Joyce Newman, Arlene
I hid woman, watch me soar!"
Wfl are Women's Division
and we have been soaring! We
have been soaring to new heights
with each passing year. Last year
1983-4 under the leadership of
Nancy Brizel and Evelyn Steiber,
guided by Beverly Bachrach as
Woman's Division Director, the
Woman's Division of your Jewish
Federation of South Broward
involved 4,976 women in its
programs and functions, raising a
record $ 1 9 million of the total $6
million raised in the community.
This column is being created to
keep you informed of the acti-
vities of your Women's Division
IW.D.) throughout 1984-86. It
will be a year of hope a year of
Women are a force in today's
world. Women are a force in
today's Jewish world. The Jewish
women of this community,
through the Women's Division of
this Federation, have the ability
to impact on the quality of
Jewish life locally, nationally,
and internationally.
How? By taking advantage of
the many opportunities available.
This year W.D. will be spreading
our wings, holding a series of
Jewish awareness seminars in a
variety of locations: In Holly
brook, in the "Beach" area
(encompassing Hallandale and
Hollywood Hi-Rise east of U.S. 1)
and in the "metro" area (which
includes Emerald Hills-
Hollywood Hills). These will take
place in October and November.
At the same time, there will be an
eight session series being offered
simultaneously dealing with
enhancing leadership develop-
ment, i.e., building self-
confidence, speaking skills,
campaign training, and organiza-
tional skills. The exact dates and
how to apply will be mailed to the
women in the community.
From December to March is
campaign time" and this year
W.D. has planned a wide variety
of innovative programs to attract
an even larger circle of women
into the Federation family.
The Business and Professional
Women's Group have an exciting
series of meetings scheduled for
the career woman. The B & P
group addresses the needs and
interests of the working woman
and her role in Jewish life.
Throughout the years an adage
has become accepted as fact:
when a woman is educated, a
family is educated. Therefore.
" I) not only touches the
women in the community, but
indeed the community at large. It
to this end that your Women's
Uivision is dedicated.
This is a year of new begin-
n'nKs We have a new president.
wral F.hrenstein. we have a new
women's director. Sheryll
It is important for this column to
not just inform you of upcoming
events but to introduce you to
the women who are at the helm
the movers and doers. Women's
Division is blessed with officers
and a Board of Directors as well
as a professional staff that is as
diverse in their talents and
strengths as they are in their age
levels and geographic back-
grounds. From time to time, this
column will profile these women.
Profile: Menu Khren stein.
president of W.D. and recipient
of the 1984 June Gordon leader
ship award, was born in Istanbul.
Turkey. Meral is currently work-
ing on her MA in Judaic studies
from Barry University, having
previously studied at the Uni-
versitie De Grenoble, France and
the University of Jerusalem,
Israel. In the tradition of her
great grandfather, who was the
grand-Rabbi of Turkey, Meral
has taught Judaic study classes
in Jewish history, Philosophy
and Hebrew in Cleveland,
Memphis and Hollywood. She
speaks six languages, has shared
her vast knowledge with
members of Temple Sol el
National Council of Jewish
Women, and our Women's Divi-
sion leadership. After sitting on
the JFSB Education Committee
Gentlemen, professional.
financially Independent Is In-
terested in meeting a lady to 56,
tall, with outstanding character
and noble features. State
leiephone number write to box
; RDR c/o Jewish Floridian. P.O.
Box 012973, Miami. Fla. 33101.
"abbi ordained, university
deg>ees, versed in every section
ot congregational activities la
interested In a pulpit of broad
activities part or full-time Write
Box sw c/o Jewish Floridian,
K, Box 012973. Miami, Fla.
[ftlorcall 1305)531-0022.
Gordon Leland
Master Piano Craftsman
Tuning Repairs Rebuilding
20 yr. member
Piano Technicians Guild
for several years. Meral chaired it
from 19811983. She has alsc
participated on the Planning and
Allocation Committee for the last
few years. Meral has traveled
extensively with her husband.
Dl Fred Ehrenstein. They have
three children, two sons in college
and a daughter in high school.
Meral's most memorable expe-
rience was smuggling books and
medicines to refuseniks in
Moscow. To relax, she bikes 20
miles a day and her newest chal-
lenge is learning to play bridge.
Profile: Sheryll Hirschberger
brings a professional and educa-
tional background in Jewish
communal service to her position
as director of W.D. A
graduate of Brandeis, Sheryll
worked at Harvard Hillel, the
union of American congregations
and the Jewish Community
Center of Ft. Lauderdale. She has
worked extensively with the
elderly and youth groups. She
has traveled a great deal with
trips to Israel at the top of her
list. In addition, Sheryll enjoys
writing, painting and the arts.
If you want more information
about anything concerning
Women's Division please call
Sheryll at 921-8810.
WHO RECEIVED MASTER OF Social Work degrees during
the Commencement of Yeahiva University's Wurzweiler School
of Social Work Block Plan. Mb. Sherwood completed her field
work at the Jewish Community Center of Sooth Broward in
Hollywood. Students in the Block Plan earn their degrees by
completing their academic requirements during three summers
of study in New York City while working at social service
agencies during the traditional academic year.
K Certified Kosher
Now there's a great-tasting,
sugar-free drink for people who
want to look and feel their best.
New Crystal light* Drink Mix.
It's sweetened a whole new
way. so there's absolutely no
saccharin and no saccharin
aftertaste. Crystal Light comes in
lots of delicious natural flavors.
And there's just 4 calories a glass
Try Crystal Light It'll make
a believer out of you.
C ISS4 Gnrl FooO. Corpor*0n

tfSawaarrarari-BailT*"** Fa**-
U.S. to decide whether Kahane
should lose citizenship
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Catch o
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has half the calories
vreat taste na1

Friday, August 31,1984 / The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-HoUywood Page 7
Israeli Sculptor Heller makes his mark
JERUSALEM Sculptures
i- silver and gold David
slaving Goliath, Moses waiting
for the Ten Commandments and
other portrayals ~~ are UDOn
S works of Yaakov Heller.
whose studio here is a landmark
(or those interested in the work of
Israeli artists.
The sculptures of the Ameri-
can-born artist, 43, have been
presented to world leaders in-
cluding former President Gerald
Ford and Egyptian President
Hoeni Mubarak.
"Art was always my hobby,
and jewelry was more of a com-
mercial thing so I could afford
the materials for sculptures,"
said Heller, who was born in
Cleveland and later studied art
and design. He began his career
in a small way with making
jewelry and painting. Arriving in
Israel in 1972, he went to Kibbutz
Urim. where he continued to
design jewelry.
However, he soon moved to
Jerusalem and began to work and
exhibit in the Jerusalem House of
Quality. It was an exhibition
there that provided him with
wide exposure. Prom the Jeru-
salem House of Quality, he
moved to Studio 2 on King David
Street and began to sell the now
familiar figures in gold, silver and
bronze, which he makes using
sophisticated techniques in-
volving wax and metals.
Although Heller's vivid ima-
gination has created silver birds
in flight, scuba divers, varied
animals and figures, his main
source of creativity and inspira-
tion has been the Bible
especially, he said, since he has
been in Israel, where little com-
petition existed in his field. He
said it is much easier in Israel,
where "the artist is put on a pro-
fessional basis. In the United
States, the artist doesn't have
that respect."
After the Yom Kippur war,
Heller became closer to themes
taken from the Bible. It was one
of his earliest statues of David
and Goliath that brought him
prominence and launched his
In 1974, Yitzhak Rabin's wife,
Leah, came to Heller's studio and
saw the statue of sterling silver
and gold plate, representing the
struggle of a people against over-
whelming odds. She thought it
would be a good present for
President Gerald Ford from her
husband. It was, she thought,
symbolic of Israel's situation just
after the 1973 Yom Kippur War.
Although 90 percent of Heller's
work is made for export, largely
to America and Holland, he also
gets requests from the Israeli air
force to produce the silver birds,
which have become an emblem.
To create a sculpture. Heller
begins in wax and silicone rubber
American Jews from Morocco
return, find their shul still active
Jewish Congress ever to be held
in an Arab country took place
last month in Morocco with much
fanfare, VIP treatment and press
coverage. But for Jacob and
Joyce Abikzer of Encino, the
conference meant something
more Jack was returning to the
place of his birth after some 30
years And it was just how he'd
left it
"It was amazing like a
dream." Jack Abikzer said in a
recent interview in his home with
Israel Today. "My synagogue
was still standing, all of the
Jewish cemeteries were intact
and maintained by Arabs and
synagogue everywhere in
Morocco were full of Jews
Jack Abikzer maintains that
Morocco has always had a
friendly attitude towards its
Jewish citizens and so the
organization of a Jewish Con-
gress in an Arab country did not
surprise him.
"You've got to understand
that Morocco has always been
different from other Arab
countries The Jews who left
Morocco did so because they were
Zionists," Abikzer who lived a
number of years in Israel before
making his home in Los Angeles.
swd The Arabs of Morocco are
not affected by the opinions of
Arabs outside of Morocco. And
the kings have always respected
nd been friendly to the Jews.
hen the present king came into
Power, it is said he had to
promise his father to take care of
the Jews."
. The Congress was formed, the
Abikzers say, in order to promote
Kod will and establish good rela-
tions with other countries. Soon
after the conclusion of the
t Weinberger visited Morocco and
Jack Abikzer feels it was not a
Though there are still some
milionaires there." said Jack.
Morocco is a poor country that
n use the good will of other
According to the Abikzers.
Morocco housed 580.000 Jews
some M) years ago. Some 12.000
* 'eft and most of those remain-
"* are well off. In Casablanca
"one there are 18 synagogues.
ri Rabat HUton. *hich
**d its doors to the general
Jhc to house the Congress, had
ne thousand security officers in
* around the building 24 hours
.".v and the Jewish dignitaries
no came from around the world
uch as Israel. Rumania. South
menca d the United States
ate kosher food prepared by the
Moroccan Jewish Community.
The King of Morocco did not
attend the conference himself due
to, said Abikzer, pressure from
Libya and Syria but his son, the
Prince whose best friend is said
to be Jewish, participated in all
the events. David Amir,
president of the Jewish Com-
munity of Morocco, saw to all the
"We were treated like royalty
ourselves." said Joyce Abikzer.
"The people were friendly and
warm. We never had a moment's
Mrs. Abikzer told of touring
the country after the Congress
concluded and running out of gas
with her husband in their rented
car on a deserted highway late at
"I thought no one would ever
find us." she said. "But an Arab
finally did and he took us to a
small town where they made us
comfortable, opened up a gas
station in the middle of the night.
fed us and begged us to be their
guests. I just can't get over what
a friendly people they are."
Jack Abikzer. caterer at a
Sephardic Temple in Westwood.
said he's never tasted such won-
derful food as he had in Morocco.
"We had no problems with the
food except that we ate too
much!" Abikzer said, grinning.
To repay the Moroccan Arabs
for their kindness. Jack and
Joyce volunteered to host an
evening for the Moroccan
Olympic Team Aug. 13 in their
home. Even though there are no
Jews on the team. Jack wanted to
show them that Jews can be just
as hospitable as they were to the
Abikzers. Jack and Joyce are also
planning to organize a trip to
Morocco for next year for friends
of theirs who were born in
Morocco but left years ago.
"The response has been ter-
rific," Jack said. "Even those
who hold Israeli passports will be
able to go. Our Moroccan friends
are quite excited with the pros-
pect of touring Morocco and will
get a glimpse of the friendly
people at the Moroccan night
here." The Abikzers are prepar-
ing food, friends and good
feelings and, said Jack, "They
greeted us with milk, honey and
dates and we will be returning the
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and continues with a process
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the figures are put into a centri-
fugal machine, which forces the
metal into the cavity of the
cylinder, replacing the wax. Cold
casting with silver cyanide is
used for the larger sculptures.
His work is in such demand
that Heller has more than a dozen
skilled craftsmen working for
Standing on his desk was an
army of wax figures ranging
from a small castle to robed
knights. They are part of a chess
set Heller is creating of the Israe-
lites and the Philistines in gold
and silver plate. The order, with
minute specifications about the
costumes, came from an
American rabbi and has already
been duplicated.
Among the drawers full of
jewelry. Heller picked out a small
silver replica of a foot. Andrew
Sore lie, a petroleum engineer
from Texas, has been looking for
oil in Israel. His tool is the Bible,
which suggests there may be oil
in certain parts of the country. In
order to commemorate his quest,
the Texan ordered a number of
silver feet, to be inscribed with
the words "and let him dip his
foot in oil."
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rap i ias eewm r lonaian ot South Broward-Hollywood Friday, August 17, 1964
Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward- Hollywood / Friday, August 31, 1984
Mexican Indians profess to be Orthodox Jews
The small village of Venta Prieta
resembles thousands of other
anonymous and sleepy Mexicar
hamlets seen from the vantage
point of Mexico's newly im-
proved highway system.
A market square dominated by
a large Roman Catholic church,
where much of the village life is
conducted, appears no different
from any other.
Yet. there are significant dif-
ferences. Among the 5,000
inhabitants of the village are
more than 100 Mexican-Indian
families professing to be
Orthodox Jews, tracing their
lineage to the early Spanish
conquests of Mexico almost 500
years ago. and to the Marranos,
Jews who ostensibly converted to
Christianity while secretly
practicing their own faith.
Many similarities exist bet-
ween Mexico's Indian Jews and
the black Jews of Ethiopia. Both
are proud peoples who trace their
Jewish origins back many
generations The Mexican-Indian
Jews, like the Falashas, have
experienced a life of poverty,
violence and discrimination.
Nevertheles, they have refused to
Recent research by rabbis and
scholars has indicated the likeli-
hood of the Marranos having
married native women in Mexico
soon after their arrival in the
country, secretly passing on the
faith of their fathers to their
wives and children.
Mexican-Indian Jews trace
their community to Ramon
Ciirona. a descendant of a prom-
inent Marrano family. The com-
munity, although poor in
material possessions, enjoys a
rich Jewish spiritual life.
The president of the commun-
ity, Louis Perez Tellez, sym-
bolizes the people's aspirations.
At the age of 33. he operates a
successful electronic-supply busi-
ness and is a graduate electronics
A number of years ago. the
Mexican-Indian Jews built their
Massacre at Paris
deli commemorated
PARIS (JTAI France this
month commemorated the anni-
versary of the Rue des Rosiers
massacre in which six people
were killed and 22 wounded when
terrorists machinegunned a
Jewish restaurant in the old
Jewish quarter in Paris known as
the Pletzel.
Interior Minister Pierre Joxe
and Deputy Education Minister
Roger Gerard Schwartzenberg
represented President Francois
Mitterrand and Premier Laurent
Kabius who both -en: personal
messatri >s as well The head of tin-
Paris mosque. Ismail Ahmed
Benzourou. stood in the crowd
next to Israel Ambassador
Ovadia Soffer and representa-
tives of the Catholic church and
of various French organizations
I-ess than 100 people attended
the ceremony outside Jo Golden-
berg's restaurant
But the small gathering
prompted one of Jo Goldenberg'
employes to say. sadly, today
"Two years later and every thing
seems forgot (M
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atlOn Toll Free (800) 221 48381
A tombstone dated 1908, near Tiapacoyan, five miles from
Venta Prieta, marks the graves of 20 members of a Mexican-
Indian Jewish family.
own synagogue, largely by hand this unique Jewish community
since they lacked modern has attempted to reside in close
machinery Whenever possible, proximity to the synajtORue so
that they would be able to walk
to Shabbat earvicas.
One of the major problems af
fecting the Mexican-Indian Jews
has bean the lack of recognition
and support from Mexrco'a
established Jewish community.
On a recent visit to San
Francisco, one of Mexico's most
prominent Ashkenazic Jewish
leaders and a major supporter of
the Hebrew University in Jeru-
salem said in an interview that
there is considerable doubt, in his
opinion, whether the Mexican-
Indian Jews were, in fact, "real
Jews." since their physical
appearance is so vastly different
from that of the 40.000
Ashkenazic and Sephardic Jews
who live in the country.
The individual quoted said
that the Mexican-Jewish com
munity is deeply troubled by the
thought of intermarriage and as-
"Jews in Mexico are very af-
fluent," he said: "Many of us
reside in extremely large houses,
which require numerous servants
to maintain. The Mexican-Indian
Jews, on the other hand, are
closer economically to the
majority of Mexicans and fre-
quently have great problems
making ends meet."
Since the Mexican-Indian
Jewish community was dis-
covered" by Israeli emissaries.
more than 20 young people from
the village have visited Israel,
with several of them currently
serving in the Israel Defense
Like Jews everywhere, the
Mexican-Indian Jews are con-
cerned with the future of their
children and their education
Many of them have left their
humble origins behind and are
now graduates of Mexico's
leading universities.
Robert J. OToole has the Patti Englanderhasthefol-
following professional ex- lowing.
10 Years as a Judge hearing
felony cases
23 Years as a Trial Attorney in
Circuit Court
33 Years as Judge and Lawyer
in Broward County
Rated "AV" (Highest Rating) by
Martindale Hubbetl National
Attorney Rating System
Rated highly qualified by
Attorneys while sitting as
3 Years combat experience as
Navy Fryer WWII
Experience is the only real qualification a Judicial
candidate can offer to the public. Compare the records.
Robert J. OToole is a man of integrity who has practiced
Law (in the real sense) for over 33 years.
*o *&. o aoafMi j OTooif Tf>so 4 Years as County Judge
4 Years as a Government
Member of Politically Powerful
Sister of County Commissioner
Sister-in-Law of Circuit Judge
Wife of City Attorney of
Rated Most Unqualified
County Judge by 1962
Broward County Bar Poll.

Friday, Auguat 31,1984 / The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Holly wood Page 9
The surprising truth about
who's the lowest.
Warning The Surgeon General Has Determined
Thai Cigarette Smoking Is Dangerous to Your Health.
SOFT PACK 100s FILTER. MENTHOL: 3 mg. "tw~. 0.3 mg. racotm
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f W U J M Mm t londian ol South Hroward- Hollywood Knday. August 17. 1984
Page 10 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood / Friday, August 31,1984
Israel's literature reflects trauma of Lebanon war
Jewish Telegraphic Agency
NEW YORK Israels 36th
anniversary year finds the nation
still anxious over a military
presence in Lebanon, an un-
certain political future and
galloping inflation.
For the publishing industry.
however, Israel's anniversary
marks another kind of inflation
the multiplicity of books on
Israel written, for the most part,
by Israelis or those who have
lived in the country for lengthy
In the 1983-84 publishing year.
American and English presses
will have flooded the market with
more than a score of volumes
dealing with the vexing problems
of Israel in the Mideast-
While it is imprudent to
generalize about the nature of
current literature on Israel, some
cautious judgments may be
essayed. One of the things
emerging most clearly in the
composite portrait is that those
who write most eloquently and
poignantly about Israel are
clearly critical of the government
of Israel and what they perceive
as the growing dehumanization
of the Zionist dream.
There are some conclusions
that may be drawn from this
admittedly incomplete portrait.
One of the most obvious is that
those who are in favor of Israel's
current postures are not repre-
sented in literary or journalistic
circles, or that if they are. their
books have not had the good
fortune to have been translated
into English and distributed to
the wider North American
The second conclusion that
might be drawn from the
literature of self-doubt now
emerging in Israel is that since
the invasion of Lebanon in 1982.
the country really has gone
through a collective loss of
confidence in the equilibrium of
the Jewish state. The books of
commentary and criticism now
pouring out of the publishing
houses are the literary expression
of the voices of outrage that were
heard when 400.000 demons-
trators protested the savagery of
the Shatila and Sabra massacres.
The anger, frustrations and
melancholia resulting from the
Lebanese invasion have taken
manv different literary paths.
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including journals, diaries, plays
and essays. The kibbutz
movement's Shdemot, a journal
of opinion, recently featured a
number of testimonies on the
Lebanese war offered by com-
The English version of the
journal, available in North Amer-
ica, reveals story after story of
anger, bitterness and the
assertion of betrayal. Some of the
most touching of the letters
exceprted in the publication were
published posthumously since
the authors were killed in the
fighting around Beirut.
The loss of more than 500 Isra-
eli soldiers in the war land the
wounding of many more) has
prompted a flood of condem-
natory prose on the part of Israeli
journalists and novelists. But it
is not merely the death of so
many young people that has
precipitated the voices of literary
protest; even more important is
the perception, recorded in prose
now, that a coterie of Israeli
political and military people
manipulated public opinion for
ends that were not evident at the
outset of the 1982 conflict.
The third theme that animates
the self-doubt genre now ex-
ploding in Israeli writing is that
Israel's right-wing militancy and
its religiously inspired settle-
ments policy are upsetting the
humanistic impulses that have
been associated historically with
the Zionist idea.
Amos Oi. perhaps Israel's
finest novelist, set the example
for the increasingly critical mood
of Israel's writers when he wrote
in In the Land of Israel. "Con-
cede heavenly Jerusalem for the
sake of the Jerusalem of the
slums, waive messianic salvation
for the sake of small, gradual
reforms, forgo messianic fervor
for the sake of prosaic sobriety."
Then in a passage of haunting
introspection, Ox characterizes
recent Zionist history in a
startling way: "And perhaps the
entirety of our story is not a story
of blood and fire or of salvation
but. rather, a story of halting
attempt to recover from a severe
Amnon Rubinstein does not
view modern Israel in the same
apocalyptic way that Oz does,
but he is no less critical of the
current affliction which he
diagnoses in Israel life. In his
essay. "The Zionist Dream
Revisited," Rubinstein, a
member of the Shinui party in the
Knesset and a former dean of the
Tal Aviv Law School, rails
against the way in which Ortho-
dox elements in Israel are
violating the spirit of Zionism
through what he perceives as
their dogmatism and inflexibility
in matters political.
Rubinstein even claims that
religious circles are cloaking their
opposition to peace with
ideological cloth. He quotes
several Orthodox spokesmen to
show that religious elements in
unnecessarily doctrinaire
metaphors. For Rubinstein,
religious extremism produces a
state of mind that prevents the
search for practical dogmatic
positions from Israel's religious
elements are an obstacle to a
modus vivendi with the Arabs
because they raise the level of
debate to irrational levels. "The
early Zionists were not conscious
of the fury with which the Arab
occupants would reject the return
of the old owners," says Rubin-
"But this rejection, as well as
the boycott of the whole neigh-
borhood, cannot alter the nature
of the house which Zionism has
built: a home and not a temple, a
secular nation and not a sacred
tribe, and not a recluse destined
and willing to reside alone."
Daniel Oavron, author of Israel
After Begin, shares many of the
anxieties expressed by Rubin-
stein, but ha is more concerned
with the divisions occasioned by
the Lebanon war to the point,
he says, where it has almost
exhausted the nation's "moral
Gavron is the spokesman for
that large number of Israelis who
frame their criticism of the
government not in philosophical
reservations but in practical
concerns. According to Gavron.
the whole nation was in agree-
ment with the pursuit of the
Palestine Liberation Organ-
ization but not to Beirut.
There, the author suggests, Is-
rael's moral reserves were tested
and found wanting. All the talk
of tohar haneshek, purity of
arms, says Gavron, was so much
rhetoric when compared with the
disagreeable acts that Israeli
soldiers were forced to do,
especially shelling of civilian
population centers. The author
also quotes Israeli officers who
claim to have observed wide-*
spread looting during the oc-
cupation of Lebanon.
"It may be that we will have to
fight again to defend ourselves,"
says Gavron, "but never again
must war be used when there is
an alternative way. Never again
must war be an instrument of
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Friday, August 31,1984 / The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-HoUy wood Page 11
Bolsheviks and Mensheviks
Hebrew Num far Aba H alprn
Part III
Id the middle of January 1922 at about quitting
time Nikolai Metveyevich Petrov called ma into
his office. Seated next to him waa his assistant
Isuc Moiseyevich Brodsky.
It had been an unusually busy day for every
ope. I was very tired, anxious to get home and
Petrov turned to Brodsky and asked him if he
1 though they could trust Abram Isacovkh.
Brodsky's answer was that his relationship with
me was only through the business, and he found
me bright, efficient and doing a good job. And
then he added "You Petrov, in addition to your
business relationship know him as a friend and
therefore know more about him and are better
able to judge. So if you think we can trust him I
will agree-"
understand why they were talking the way they
did as though I were not present. I wondered
what was in store for me. Were they going to
transfer me? Perhaps they had a promotion in
mind that would mean more confidential work. I
t there not moving a muscle but my face must
have shown my bewilderment.
Petrov turned and fastened his eyes on mine
and I could not draw them away. He then talked
to me at great length. It waa past five and every-
one had gone home. From the beginning I knew
what he was going to say was of great importance
and I listened carefully. He asked me not to inter-
rupt him until he waa finished. If I had any
questions he would answer them later.
Even though I remember what he said, after so
many years it is not possible to remember every-
thing and to repeat his remarks verbatim. But
this much I do remember.
"Abrasha, Isaac and I have been active in the
Menshevik movement since 1912. We joined the
Bolshevik Communist Party during the Kerenaky
Regime after the abdication of the Czar. When on
November 7, 1917 the Bolsheviks dissolved the
Constitutional Convention and seized power by
force we were members in good standing of the
Communist Party.
"The leaders of all other parties were forced to
escape from the Soviet Union to Germany,
Switzerland and England. The leader of the
Mensheviks, L. Martov also fund a haven abroad.
TOV we decided to stay and not to expose our-
selves as Mensheviks. Both of us advanced in the
Bolshevik Communist Party, and the government
of the USSR which was run by the Politbureau.
"In fact we used our position to communicate
the ideas of the Mensheviks as promulgated by L.
Martov to as many people as we could, using
great caution. When the opportunity came to go
to Simferopol to assume this position of leader-
ship that I have. I chose Isaac Moiseyevich to
join me as my assistant. As you know this office
and warehouse have grown and prospered and we
both have received commendations for a job well
done from our superiors in Kiev, Poltava and
He went on to say that for the last few years he
UM Isaac were engaged in setting up a cell. "It is
'dangerous undertaking but we have managed to
have a working cell with three other men who also
| work here holding responsible positions."
"id that he and Iaaac would like me to join them
| nd work for the Mensheviks.
"You are in a perfect poaition to help us. If you
wide to say no, we will forget all about it. Iaaac
Ml are certain that you will not betray ua, but
** hope that you will say yes."
J was shocked and frightened, tried to talk but
amid utter no sound. Their faces looked like
jjrved stone. My face burned and my hands were
After what seemed like a very long silence I
' y managed to stammer out, "Whan do I
give you my answer?" Petrov replied that
nH.w h,,ve to make UP my **! immediately,
mI then I asked what risks would I betaking/He
ptW that if I decided to join them he would
^"s lt with me that evening and answer any
her questions I might have.
L.- IS" no-l dedded *** *" *th#n
Wl thf f Propoaition. The three of us shook
Baku ,Brod8kv went home and Kolya and I left
lii, T h0U8e not saying a word until we got there.
WtZ"Lf? complete explanation of my
The fuat of these was to distribute the
mEZrL*fm*9* "noeri of the cell working in the establishment
"fe'ved strict instructions of how to go shout
h,^ta how to make sure that they were the
m men who belonged to the call. There wee a
oi communication and ha changed the code
^Kaliy He emphaeized again that I muat be
' careful.
"^next six weeks I contacted my fellow
mnbera by code without delivering any
iswapapera or confidential and secret
It was only a trial perd
In March I was told that once or twice a week I
would distribute the Menshevik newspaper and
other secret messages. I was assured that it
would not be too risky for me because of my posi-
tion as s messenger.
THE CELL. We met in an abandoned Tatar
Mosque in the old quarter of Simferopol. It was
the first time that I was in that area. We arrived
separately. The cell conaisted of Petrov, Brodsky,
myaelf, three who worked in the establishment
and one who worked elsewhere. I was introduced
to the man I did not know.
The purpose of this meeting, Petrov said, was
that it had been decided to set up another cell in
Simferopol. He selected one of the men I knew to
head this new cell. Petrov also discussed in great
detail the workings of the cell and how to avoid
being exposed. He was working on setting up
additional cells in Yalta. Sevastopol and other
cities in the Crimea during his travels on
Whenever we met, someone was stationed
outside to act as a lookout for the Militia and the
Secret Police. In the event that we heard the pre-
arranged signal that the police were coming,
Petrov told us that Abrasha acting quickly, with
everyone'8 help, would throw all papers, even
scraps, into the burning fire that was already
going in the fireplace. Petrov and Abrasha would
play chess on the board that was already set up
and the others would play dominoes.
During April and May I attended two more
meetings of the cell. I was learning a great deal
about these men, in particular about Nikolai
Metveyevich Petrov. The friendship between us
At the Msy meeting in the Mosque there was
an unusual amount of papers, not only a copy of
the usual illegal Menshevik newspaper but many
important secret messages including one written
in longhand by 1. Martov.
One of the men went outside and soon we heard
the pre-arranged signal that we were being raided.
I quickly threw all the papers into the brightly
burning fire and we assumed our positions as
briskly into the room and immediately ran to the
fireplace. By the time they reached it there were
only charred remains and they found nothing.
Petrov demanded to know what the problem
was. He indignantly told them that we were there
for a social gathering as they could see for them-
selves. We were informed that we were under
arrest and we were all taken to the Police Station.
We were interrogated separately. When they
questioned me I told them that I was very
friendly with Petrov and visited him often to play
chess. I was asked if I had ever heard talk about
Mensheviks and was the name Martov ever men-
tioned. My answer was that I never heard such
talk and knew nothing about Mensheviks or
Martov. Three hours later I was released.
The next morning when I came to work Petrov
and Brodsky were not in. The other members of
the cell were working. One of the department
heads coming out of Brodsky s office announced
that he waa filling in for a few days.
I was informed by one of the cell members that
Petrov and Brodsky were to be exiled to Siberia in
several days. I also learned when they were leav-
ing Simferopol.
I went to the station and spotted Petrov
looking out of a window. I received permission to
bid him farewell but just for a minute. I asked
him to write to me. Nodding his head he said,
"Don't worry Abrasha, you and I will eee each
other soon."
I never heard from him and I did not know what
happened to him until after I went to America.
Early in 1924 I was looking through "Pravda"
a Moscow newspaper. A small paragraph caught
my eye which said that Nikolai Metveyevich
Petrov was shot and killed while trying to escape
from the town in Siberia where he was living.
With the paper tucked under my arm I walked
for a long tune not knowing where I was going,
remembering Kolya, hia warm and generous
friendship and his many acts of kindness to me.
Hs made my life different and richer than it had
been, not only in a material way by providing me
with a good livelihood, but even more important
by helping me to expand my mind, broaden my
horizons and showing me a world that I never
knew exiated
Yoa entered say Ml ax a casaal way,
Aad at e glance saw whet I
There wars others who
Bat never a one of _
Perhaps yoa were thinking of other hen snare.
Or chance simply seemed to decree It,
I know there were many such chances before.
But the other, well, the, didn't seek.
Yon said just the thing that I wished yoa would
And yon made me believe that yon meant k;
I held up my head in the old gallant way,
And resolved you should never repent it
There are times when encouragement means such
And s word is enough to convey it,
There were others who could have, as essy ss not-
But, just the same, they didn't ssy it.
There may have been someone who could have
done more
To help me along, though I doubt it;
What I needed waa cheering, and alwaya before
They had let me plod onward without it.
You helped to refashion the dream of my heart,
And made me turn eagerly to it;
There were others who might have (I question
that parti
But, after aU, they didn't do it!
Grace Strieker Dawaon
For Jewish Schools
Positions available for afternoon
and weekend classes.
Please call:
Sandra Ross
Jewish Federation of South Broward
P.O. EOX 16297 PLANTATION PL 333It PHONE 963-3407


fiU m JlWlin F'bndun ol South Hrowafd- Hollywood Friday, August n, 1984
___.........__.. ..>..., ^\a nm>. nimmi 01, ia |4w
IHOUYWO) DBLVD mm i>v\ 921-6511
JCC family picnic to
kickoff fall programs
The JCC of South Broward's
3rd Annual Family Picnic to be
held on Sunday. Sept. 9. 12 noon
at T.Y. Park will be even more
memorable due in part to the
expanded programs that will be
showcased and the support from
the growing membership, accord-
ing to Marilyn Hoffman, picnic
Registration for new fall
programs will take place that
day. The new pre-school. drama
courses for tweens and teens,
leagues for adults and children in
softball. basketball and bowling,
movie making, theatre trips are
only a few of the exciting
The JCC Maccabee program is
returning for a second year and a
children's theatre group is being
formed as well.
In full swing will be the Inter-
generational Alliance Project.
There will be something for
everyone from break dancing
to Yiddish, from the brunch
bunch to tripe to Mexico and
New York.
Cheri Rothschild, membership
chairman and picnic co-chairman
says. "This event will surely be a
success because we will be
uniting our Jewish community at
this celebration."
Join the fun kosher cookout.
games and softball. The event
will be free to all JCC members,
with a cost of $12 per family and
$4 per individual to non-
members. For further informa-
tion: call Joan Youdelman.
membership director.
The JCC Young Couples Club
invites all concerned parents to
attend a powerful program on
Thursday. Sept. 20, 8 p.m at the
JCC of South Broward Safety
with Strangers" guest speaker.
Nancy Mc Bride of the Adam
Walsh Child Resource Center,
will inform those in attendance
how to better protect their
children and how to help bring
about positive changes for all
children. The JCC Young
J 10
d.rung (' r. ,.
Mtcn oui lablf lo
" n oneo' 5 inO', lUrt
- v rne rent
i <*' Sludi' Piac*
Fine Entertainment
I the Piano
Also violin playing
toi your pleasure
MUSj MA ,( .
2340 SW 32 AVE
-im "tlm,
- -
Reform outreach for Jewish singles
Couples Club proudly presents
this evening to the community
Discussion to follow presenta-
tion. $1 donation per person -
refreshments served.
The Maccabiah Games are the
central sporting event of world
Jewry and are recognized by the
International Olympic Com-
mittee. Through them, world
Jewry exhibits solidarity with
Israel. Held every four years in
Israel, the games have featured
world class competition in the
style of the Olympic Games.
Prominent athletes, men and
women, from collegiate cham-
pions to Olympic medalists parti-
cipate in these games.
When first held in 1932. only
13 Americans competed. The
1985 games will host approx-
imately 500 athletes from the
United States. Proceeds raised
through the Maccabiah 5K
hosted by the Michael Ann
Russell Jewish Community
Center on Sunday September 30,
1986 at 9 a.m. will go towards
sending young Americans to the
1985 Twelfth Maccabiah Games.
Entry fee is S6 before Sep-
tember 25. After that date it will
be S7. Ribbons will be awarded to
all finishers Free t-shirts to the
first 500 entrants. The Jewish
Community Centers of South
Broward will have bus tran-
sportation for local South
Broward participants. For more
information please call Jeff.
Yoga is the ABC of all other
sports activities, says Karla, who
formerly held yoga classes at the
92nd St. Y in New York City -
"Her class is great the best
class I have ever participated in"
- according to a student Use
Levine. Join us now for sessions
starting Monday. Sept. 10 from
7-8:45 p.m. at the Jewish Com-
munity Centers of South
Broward. Call Dene to register.
This class is designed for
Russian and Yiddish speaking
people who want to learn and
improve their English. Meet new
friends and learn at the same
time. A class is held every
Tuesday morning from 9-11. (NO
CHARGE! For additional in-
formation call Marty.
The Jewish Community
Centers of South Broward is
presently accepting registration
for its Pre-school, Playgroup and
Moms and Tots Programs in its
new early childhood center at
Taft Street and 122nd Terrace in
Pembroke Lakes.
Register your toddler now, for
enrollment in our fall session.
Enrichment programs and ex-
tended hours available.
Call Leslie for further inform-
ation and registration.
The Jewish Community
Centers of South Broward is now
taking reservations for their
exciting 5 day Mexico Cruise
aboard the S-S Galileo. We
depart from port of Miami,
Sunday Oct. 21 and return
Friday Oct. 26. Cost: 379 double
room occupancy. Includes
outside cabin with 2 lower beds,
meals, casino, stops at Key West,
Cozumel, Playa de Carmen, and
more! $100 deposit must be in
before Sept. 1. Best rooms with
early reservations! For more
information call Dene.
tional outreach program for
.Jewish singles, aged 22 to 32.
who are out of college and living
ho communities away from their
home cities, has been started by
the committee on family life of
Lbfl Central Conference of Amer-
ican Rabbis (CCARl. the national
organization of Reform rabbis.
In announcing the project, the
CCAR said that parents would be
encouraged to send the names
and addresses of their children
living in other communities to
Rabbi John Spitzer of Canton.
Ohio. These young Jewish adults
will be linked to Reform con-
gregations, through a computer
program, by zip code.
Congregations, in tum, will be
notified of the presence of a
Jewish single in their area and
they will be encouraged to
contact the single for any singles
programming the congregation
may have, or as part of a
congregational out-reach
If you have a child who is
living and working in another
city, please send the name,
address and age to Rabbi John
Spitzer. 333 25th St. N.W..
Canton. Ohio, 44709 This in-
formation will then he entered
into the computer and matched
with congregations in that area.
Notification will be sent to the
congregations of the presence of
your family member and personal
out-reach will be encouraged. The
cost for this service is SI which
will cover the cost of postage,
printing and processing.
The Jewish Telegraphic
Agency was told that the out-
reach program would be func
tioning after the High Hob
Orthodox groups denounce
Demos on abortion, gay issues
LOS ANGELES A coalition
of four national Jewish organiza-
tions claiming to represent more
than one million Orthodox Jews
will not endorse the Mondale-
Ferraro ticket unless the candi-
dates dissociate themselves from
the Democratic platform planks
supporting gay rights and abor-
tion. Leaders of the coalition
declared both planks highly
offensive to Jews.
The emergency coalition in-
cludes the Rabbinical Alliance,
the Union of Orthodox Rabbis of
the United States and Canada,
the Rabbinical Council of the
Syrian and Near Eastern
Sephardic Communities in
America, and the National Com-
mittee for the Furtherance of
Jewish Education.
Rabbi Abraham Hecht. presi-
dent of the Alliance, said."
Orthodox and other family -
minded Jews cannot accept party
platform planks advocating
homosexual rights and abortion
on demand or presidential and
vice presidential nominees who
run on these planks and thereby
encourage immoral and anti-
family policies." He added that
such positions represent anti-
family radicals not the middle-of-
the-road moderate family people
who are the majority of the
Democratic voters. "Today, we
are hearing the shrill extremism
of gay and abortion rights ac-
tivists and their anti-family en-
thusiasts like Mr. Cuomo."
Rabbi Hecht was especially
critical of New York Governor
Mario Cuomo, calling him "a
zealous advocate of gay rights,
including homosexual and
lesbian relations" and con-
demned his inclusion of such
practices within his definition of
the family.
Citing Walter Mondale tod
Geraldine Ferraro as two friends
who personally represent good
traditions, he appealed to them to
"reject and turn away from such
outrageous, highly offensive and
intolerable platform planks."
Rabbi Pinchas Stolper, nation-
al director of the Union of Ortho-
dox Congregations of America,
told Israel Today that this alli-
ance represents mostly the older.
European-born, right-wing fac-
tion of the Orthodox movement
rather than its mainstream. "The
major Orthodox organizations
like the Union, the Agudah.^
Young Israel, Mizrachi and the
Rabbinical Council of America
are not represented." He stated,
"These groups are studying the
planks and will issue their
Reprinted from Israel Today.
Circuit Court
Group 4
Presently Serving as
County Court Judge
Elected in 1980
Member Florida Conference
of County Court Judges
Former Assistant Florida
Attorney General
Former Broward State's Attorney
Criminal Appelate Division Chtef
Board Member, Justice Unit
B'nai B'rtth
Ft. lauderdate Jaycee's
Outstanding \bung leader of 1984

n^DMj ^i-iKl
.. .--,.... .,
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Friday, August 31,1984 / The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 13
Oswego refugees reunited
' i after their Augurt 3, 1944
rival at New York harbor u
uea from Hitler, some of the
>survivors who were sheltered
IT Oswego. New York returned
w reunite, remember, and
thare their stories with families
md friends.
The Oswego refugees ere
lunique. because they were the
lonly Jews rescued by America
Lnd brought here during World
|Wir II: 872 of the refugees were
Jewish, and the rest were
Catholic. Protestant, Greek,
lorthodoi, or of mixed marriages.
In a "humanitarian gesture"
Ithat was never repeated,
I President Franklin Roosevelt
I agreed to bend immigration rules
for this one group of survivors
from 18 countries. Sailing from
Naples on the troopship Henry
Gibbins, they were brought here
in a convoy of warships, with
prisoners of war and wounded
The refugees were interned for
18 months at Fort Ontario, an
abandoned army camp in upstate
Oswego, under the jursidiction ol
the U.S. Department of the
Interior. In order to be accepted
for rescue, each had to sign
papers agreeing to return to his
or her country of origin after the
war. Only a special directive by
President Truman prevented
their deportation in December,
Author-journalist Ruth
Gruber, then special assistant to
Dolphin exec, to
speak to forum
Joe Robbie, Managing General
IPartner of the Miami Dolphins,
J speak to the Business Execu-
tive Forum of the Jewish Federa-
tion of South Broward Wednes-
_day September 19 at 6:46 p.m. at
It he Emerald Hills Country Club
lin Hollywood.
The topic of the speech will be
hat is ahead for professional
(football in South Florida, in
elation to the challenge of the
ew United States Football
pague, and the possibility of
uilding a new stadium to house
Ihe Dolphins.
. There is no admission charge.
jlors d'oeuvres will be served and
cash bar will be open. For more
nformation, contact Debbie
Brod'e at 921-8810.
Joe Robbie
The Oldest Conservative
Congregation in Broward County
1201 Johnson Street
Rosalyn Z. Seidel Educational Director
Call Temple Office... 920-1577
Secretary of the Interior Harold
Ickes, was sent by him to Italy to
escort the refugees to America.
With love and companion that
went well beyond the call of duty,
she became their symbol of hope
and salvation in America. Forty
years later, the mutual love was
still evident, and her title of
"Mother Ruth" was repeated by
many of those at the reunion.
Gruber's book, "Haven,"
describes some of the survivors
so vividly, that one expected to
meet them 40 years later and find
them as they were in 1944. But 40
years have brought with them
better circumstances and two
generations of growth:
Olga Msurer give birth to the
Henry Gibbins' youngest pas-
senger on her way to the ship.
Selivered in an American jeep by
GI medics and a Jewish Brigade
doctor from Palestine, the baby
was nick-named by them
"International Harry." Now a
computer expert living in
Canada, Harry Msurer was at the
reunion with his mother, his wife,
and two children.
Manya Breuer, who survived
five concentration camps, sang to
entertain the refugees and
wounded soldiers on the Henry
Gibbins. She was the first bride
at Fort Ontario. She now works
in an art gallery in Los Angeles,
and has also sung professionally.
At the reunion, she sang in
Italian, Yiddish and English.
Another Oswego refugee at
the reunion, Yolanda Bass
Fredkove of Minneapolis, was
only two when she arrived at the
camp. Her mother, Eva Bass,
had been nightclub singer in
Paris and lived in Milan before
the war. When the Allies landed,
she carried Yolanda and another
child 60 kilometers through the
fighting lines. Eva Bass' singing
was remembered at the reunion,
although she died in 1971.
Yolanda introduced and played a
recording by her mother, and
Yolanda's brother, Jack, also
All of the survivors had 40
years of changes to report to each
other, and for the most part, they
were success stories: among
them are a vice president of the
American Stock Exchange, a
composer of classical musk,
psychologists, and owners of
large and thriving businesses.
"Those who opposed (our
entry) have been relegated to
historic oblivion, but many of
you have suceeded in leaving
indelible marks on this country's
culture, arts, society," Dr. Adam
Munz, director of psychological
services at St. Luke's Hospital in
New York, told his fellow sur-
Governor Mario Cuomo, who
has always emphasized that he is
a child of immigrants, attended
the reunion and said: "Whatever
debt the (Oswego) refugees had
to this state, they have repaid."
He spoke of their contributions to
New York City, New York State.
and the "great strength of our
nation." He also referred to the
"anonymous heroism of a small
number of Italians," righteous
gentiles who harbored some of
the refugees during the war.
The reunion was held at the
Public-Newman Theatre on the
East Side, former headquarters
of HIAS, which served as a
shelter for many refugees. Joseph
Papp, founder of the Public
Theatre, welcomed those at the
Oswego reunion, and spoke of the
history of the building.
A permanent Holocaust
exhibit being planned for the
New York State Museum in
Albany will highligh the ex-
perience of the Oswego survivors.
According to New York State
Senate Democratic Leader
Manfred Ohrenstein, chairman of
the Advisory Board for the
exhibit, the uniqueness of Fort
Ontario as the only sanctuary for
Jewish refugees in the United
States during the Holocaust is an
important part of the history of
the state.
M School Board
Vote County-Wide
September 4, 1984
Neighborhood Schools
Teacher, Counselor, Administrator
Adjunct Professor Broward Community College
Member B'nai B'nth, Sunrise, Men's Club: Temple
Beth Israel. Sunrise Jewish Center, and Hallandale
Jewish Center M ^ M,
Give yourself
the life you deserve.
You've worked hard, and you want your retirement years to be happy.
You want to maintain an independent lifestyle in an atmosphere of elegante, comfort
and security.
Then you should know more about The Honda Club, a new kind of congregate living
apartment resort community.
Conveniently located in a beautiful section of North Miami, The Florida Club offers many
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Traditional meals served in a beautiful Clubhouse Dining Room. (Two meals a day included
in the rent.)
Scheduled transportation and private limo service by appointment.
Free cleaning and housekeeping. Lakefront balcony views.
Recreational and social programs. 24-hour medical security. Pool, sauna, fitness Spa
Many other support services and safety precautions.
Perhaps the most startling thing about The Florida Club is that a// of these features are
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A life of independence and happiness is the life you want, and the life you deserve. To make
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IK* Florid* ( Mi m yrrrMh in Ihr pracm ol ipphnn lo Ihr k '" itHy ktrm* Irom m* -JMr ol Honda.
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tion on adult congregate Name _
living at The Florida Club
? I am interested in inspecting Address
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Tte Florida Club. Dcat.|FH2 City
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VW 14 1M J^Wiih Hondian ol ^ouih ^roward-Hollywood Friday. August 17TT984
Z .....__________.^~.,. >^>.w. m>rh..u ..uuj wwfj/ i uua>, W^BK Ol,
Synagogue and High Holiday news
High Holy Day reservation are
now being accepted at the
Temple office. Temple Sinai is
pleased to announce three differ-
ent beautiful locations you can
choose from to worship with ua
this year. Our main sanctuary on
Johnson Street, the Diplomat
Hotel on South Ocean Drive and
the Hillcrest Playdium on Hill-
crest Drive. Rabbi Richard J.
Margolis and Cantor Misha
Alexandrovich will officiate our
services in the Temple Sanc-
tuary. David Shapiro, Rabbi
Emeritus and Cantor Milton
Gross will officiate at the
Diplomat and Rabbi Bernard
Silver and Cantor Philip
Townsner will officiate at the
Hillcrest Complex. Reservations
may be obtained by non-members
at the Temple office for the
Diplomat. Those wishing to
attend services at the Hillcrest
must obtain their reservations at
the Playdium. Ticket reserva-
tions are included in membership.
For additional information,
please call 920-1577.
Information is available re-
garding discount rates for senior
citizens, famillies with college
students, school registration and
Sisterhood of Temple Sinai is
having their annual Fun and
Health Holiday at the Regency
Spa in Bal Harbour on Sunday,
Nov. 4 through Wednesday. Nov.
7. Deposit of $25 is required to
hold your reservation. Balance to
be paid by Oct 1 For further in-
formation, contact Julia Perlo-
man. chairman. 921-0226
Tickets (or the High Holyday
Concurrent Sen ice KWDtOnd by
the Temple to be held at Cooper
Citj High School Auditorium can
be purchased at the Temple
On Sunday, Sept. 9 at C.B
Smith Park we will lie having cur
Annual Family Picnic Charges
IN I! tor adults and $3 for chil-
dren under 13. If you reserve
early charges are $4 for adults
and 12.60 for children under 13.
Formal installation of Rabbi
Kapnek will take place on Friday
evening, Sept. 14. at 6 p.m. we
will have a traditional Shabbat
Dinner, and services will be at 8
p.m. Reservations can be made at
the Temple office Donation: $9
per adult and $4.50 per child
under Bar Mitzvah age.
Registration for Religious
School. Early Childhood and the
new Mom's and Tot's program
are now being taken. For further
information please call the
Temple office 431-5100.
Temple Beth Ahm is located at
9730 Stirling Road. Hollywood.
The Sisterhood of Temple Beth
El will sponsor its first monthly
luncheon meeting of the season,
Tuesday, Sept. 11, in the Tobin
Auditorium of the Temple, 1351
S. 14th Avenue, Hollywood.
Entertainment will be per-
formed by Lee Barry, a gentle-
man of songs who will delight
you with a sparkling program of
international songs. He is a
dynamic and popular baritone
who has appeared in Broadway
musicals, supper clubs, as well as
on radio and TV. Mr. Barry has
received standing ovations and
return engagements wherever
and whenever he performed. Lil
Hart will be his accompanist.
This will be a musical of an im-
pressive and exhilarating after-
noon of songs, dialogue and re-
cordings, one which you will
never forget.
Deadline for reservations, Fri-
day, Sept. 7. Donation $3 per
person. Please contact Dorothy
Sahm. 4540348 or Temple office.
920-8225 or 944-7773. This event
is for members and their house-
guests only.
Dr. Samuel Z. Jaffe, Senior
Rabbi at Temple Beth El. an-
nounced that the Temple has
recently received a donation of
new High Holy Day Prayer
Books. The new books are en-
titled Gates of Repentance They
were donated to the Temple by
Mrs Minnie Wyman. Mr. and
Mrs Gerald Krasnow and family,
and Mr Owen Lawia" Wyman and
family, in memory of Hyman
"The Prayer Book, unlike the
Bible, has never been canonized,"
stated Dr. Jaffe "It is rather the
evolving, open-ended creative
religious expression of the Jewish
people in their confrontation with
the Divine The Prayer Book
reflects our spiritual quest
throughout our millenial history,
our search for the living God"
"We presently use Gates of
Prayer iShaarei Tefillahl, the
most recently published Prayer
Book which has been widely
adopted by the Reform move-
ment, for Shabbat and Festivals.
We have found that its idiom is
akin to our own vernacular and
that its contents express our own
deep yearnings and spiritual as-
pirations and address themselves
to the two focal events in Jewish
life in modem times the
tragedy of the Holocaust and the
exaltation of the establishment of
the Jewish State."
"Gates of Repentance IShaarei
Teshuvah) is a companion book
to our Shabbat liturgy. Both the
prose and the content will be
Melvin M. Grossman, M.D., P.A.
Diplomats American Board of Neurology
For the Practice ot
Adult and Child Neurology
Emerald Hills Professional Park
4700A Sheridan St. Hollywood, FL 33021
Medicare Assigment Accepted
Please Call 962-6333
found to be more relevant to our
time and our spiritual quest. The
new liturgy and its accompany-
ing music will add much to
heighten the spiritual experience
of the sacred season."
The first in a series of the
Temple Beth El Adult Education
Breakfast Seminars is presenting
a Discussion Analysis of the
Results of "The Israeli Elections:
What Do They Mean?." on
Sunday, Sept. 16. at 9:30 a.m., in
the Tobin Auditorium of the
Temple. 1351 S. 14th Ave.,
Hollywood. The guest speaker
will be Dr. Charles G.
MacDonald, Associate Professor
of International Relations of the
Florida International University,
as well as author and lecturer.
Mr. MacDonald graduated
from Seacrest High School in
Del ray Beach, and received his
B.A. magna cum laude, with
honors in International Affairs
from the Florida State Univer-
sity. He earned his MA. and
Ph.D. degrees in Foreign Affairs
at the University of Virginia. Dr.
MacDonald specializes in Middle
Eastern Affairs. National
Security Studies, and Interna-
tional Law. He participated in an
American Professors For Peace
In The Middle East Study
Mission to Israel and Jordan in
1979. While on leave during the
1979-80 academic year, he held a
visiting appointment at the
Woodrow Wilson Department of
Government and Foreign Affairs
at the University of Virginia; and
also participated in an eight week
National Endowment for the
Humanities Seminar at Harvard
University on" Religious and
Ethnic Minorities in the Middle
Fast and Central Asia.
Dr MacDonald authored
"Iran. Saudi Arabia," and the
"Law of The Sea" (Greenwood
Press, 19801 and co-edited with
the late Enver M Koury.
Revolution In Iran: A Reap-
praisal" (Institute of Middle
Fastern and North African
Affairs, 19821 He is currently
editing "Crises and Issues in The
Middle Fast: Policy Challenges
for the 1980s to be published by
Greenwood Press. His articles
have appeared in the Journal of
South Asian and Middle Eastern
Studies. Levant (Pakistani,
Middle East Insight, Middle
East Journal and Naval War
College Review. He has also
written articles for the Miami
Herald and Miami News.
In May. 1984, Dr. MacDonald
was a guest of the Dayan Center
in Middle Eastern and African
Affairs, Shiloah Institute, Tel
Aviv University and presented a
paper on "The Kurdish Question
In The 1980's" at the Dayan
Center's Conference on
Ethnicity, Pluralism and Conflict
in the Middle East held in Tel
Aviv. This will be a very inter-
esting and informative seminar
and the public is invited.
Donation: $1.60 for the break-
Services in Sanctuary to be
conducted by Dr. Carl Klein,
Rabbi, and Cantor Zvi Adler aa
Wednesday. Sept. 26 Erev
Rosh Haahana at 7 p.m. Rabbi's
sermon topic: "The Birthday of
the Universe."
Thursday. Sept. 27 First
Day of Rosh Hashana. 8 a.m.
Rabbi's sermon topic: "Man's
Struggles in Life." Mine hah,
Maariv at 7p.m.
Friday, Sept. 28 Second
Day of Rosh Haahana. 8 a.m.
Rabbi's sermon topic: "Self-
Evaluation." Minchah and
Kabalath Shabbath at 7 p.m.
Saturday. Sept. 29 Shab-
bath T'Shuvah at 8:46 a.m.
Rabbi's sermon topic: "Who la a
Hall-T Shuvah? Reflections on
Friday, Oct. 5 Kol Nidre at
6:30 p.m. Rabbi's sermon topic
"Reflections and Atonement."
Saturday. Oct. 6 Yom
Kippur Services at 9 a.m. Yiakor
Memorial Services at 11:30 a.m.
Rabbi's sermon topic "The
Meaning of Remembrance."
Second Yiskor Memorial Service
at 3:30 p.m. Rabbi's sermon
topic: "The Past, Present and
Future." Neila Service at 5 p.m.
Rabbi's sermon topic: "Our
Natural Response to Israel."
Services will also be conducted
in the Chapel by Rabbi Harold
Richter, Chaplain of the Jewish
Federation of South Broward,
and Cantor Alfred J. Pomeranz.
The Chapel Services have the
same schedule as the Services in
the main Sanctuary.
Shabbat Summer Worship
Service will begin at 8:15 p.m.,
Friday. Aug. 31. Rabbi Robert P.
Frazin will conduct the Worship
Service. Cantor Israel Rosen will
chant the liturgical portion of the
Rabbi Frazin will discing
Jewish Life and Thought.
Nursery School Open House
will be held on Sept. 4, at 10 a.m.
Nursery School for children 24-5
years of age will begin Sept. 5,
Contact Shelly Hero Id. Nursery
School Director, for further infor-
mation. (989-0206).
The Independent Singles will
meet on Thursday, Sept 6 at
7:30 p.m.
The Abe and Grace Durbin
School of Living Judaism will
begin Thursday. Sept. 13,
Sunday School begins Sept. 16.
Membership inquiries are in-
vited. Temple Sole! Membership
includes tickets for the High
Holy Days. Contact the Temple
office, 989-0205. for information. .
L.I. beach club escapes
anti-Semitism charge
State's Human Rights Commis-
sioner. Carl McCall, has called
"unconscionable" a recent federal
jury verdict in Uniondale that the
Ocean Beach Club of Atlantic
Beach, Long Island, did not
violate federal anti-discrim-
ination laws in its treatment of
The federal jury acquitted the
club of charges brought by Dr.
William Bell, a club member who
resigned after he brought Jewish
guests to the club and was told
by the manager that the Jewish
guests were not welcome, ac-
cording to McCall.
"Reports in the press indicate
that despite ample evidence, the
jury unfortunately believed that
discrimination against Jews was
not club policy and that Dr,
Bell's experience was an isolated
incident," McCall said.
Yet. he said, citing the press
reports, "testimony confirmed
that there were three known
cases of alleged discrimination
leveled against the club and that
anti-Semitic statements had been
made by the club staff."
He added that even if the
discriminatory acts against Dr.
Bells Jewish guests were
"isolated instances." he and his
guests had "truly suffered and
are entitled to justice."
( ,.r>cil.lik-he limi; Times
August 31-7:24 p.m.
Sept. 7-7:16 p.m.
Religious directory
Congregation Levl Yltschok Lubavltch. 1380 E. Hnllandale BMch Blvd
Hallandale. 458-1877 Rabbi Kalarl Tennenhaua Dally services 7:66 a m 30
minute* before sundown. Sabbath aervicea. 7 SO p.m.: Sabbath morning.
o'clock. Sundaya. 8:80 am Rell|ious ichool, Orades 1-8. Nuraery school.
Monday through Friday.
Young Israel ot Hollywood S291 Stirling Road: 9S6-7877 Rabbi Edward
Davis Dally services. 7 80 a m .aundown; Sabbath services, one hour before
sundown. Sabbath morning, 8o'clock. Sunday, 8 a.m.
Hallandale Jewish Center 418 NE 8th Ave ; 464-8100 Rabbi Carl Klein
Dally services, 8:80 am. 8:80 p.m.. Sabbath, T p.m.; Sabbath morning.
8:48 am .. ...
Temple IWth Shalom 1400 N 46th Ave Hollywood; 881 -8111 Rabbi Morton
Malavsky Dally services. 7 46 am sundown. Sabbath evening, 8.18
o'clock; Sabbath morning. 8 o'clock. Religious school: Kindergarten -"
Temple Bath Ahm 8730 Stirling Road. Hollywood; 481-6100 Rabbi
Avraham Kopnek Services Sunday, Monday and Thursday. 8 a.m.; Sabbstn.
8pm ; Sabbath morning. 8:46 a m Religious school: Nuraery. Bar Mltsvan.
Judaic* High School
Temple Israel of Mlramar 6830 8W 36th St 961 1700 Rabbi Raphael
Adler Dally services, 8 80 a m Sabbath. 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning. 8 to
o'clock. Religious School pre kindergarten -
Temple Slaal uoi Johnson St.. Hollywood 30-1677 Rabbi Richard J
Margolis 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning, 8 a.m. Religious school: Pre-
klndergarten Judelca High School.
Temple Beth El 1*61 S 14th Ave., Hollywood, 830-8336 Rabbi *mu*'?
Jaffe Sabbath evening 8 p.m. Sabbath morning 11 a.m. Religious school
Grades K 10
Temple Beth Emel Pembroke Pines Oeneral Hospital auditorium. 3381
University Drive, Pembroke Pines. 481-8888 Rabbi Bennett Oreenspon
Sabbath services, 8 16 pm Religious ichool Pre kindergarten- 10
Temple Solel 6100 Sheridan St Hollywood 880-0306 Rabbi Robert F
Frailn Sabbath services. 8 16 p.m Sabbath morning. 10:80 o'clock
Religious school I're-echool-13
BECON8TRI Bamal Nhalem 11801 W Broward Blvd.. Plantation: 473-8800 RabblEUIot
kldell Sabbath services 8:16 p.m. Religious school: Pre kindergarten-*

Friday, August 31,1984 / The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 15
Chassids celebrate bicentennial in Israel
Throughout history, the Jew-
ish community in Israel has
nxed and wsned; going from
the conquest of Canaan through
the Babylonian Exile, all the way
w 1948. During those millenia
there always was a Jewish
presence, albeit a small one at
times We think in modern times
of the First and Second Aliyot
which gave Israel its first
(teneration of leaders. The earliest
of those immigrations was in the
What isn't always remem-
bered, however, is the historical
fact that the first modern Aliyah
was made by Eastern European
Chassidic Jews more than 207
years ago by the men and
women of Chabad-Lubavitch.
Their vital presence in Israel
today testifies to a culturally and
religiously rich heritage built
piece by piece over the years.
The concept of Chassidim
developed with the Baal Shem
Tov in the early 1700s. The
founder of Chabad-Lubavitch
was Rabbi Shneur Zalman of
Liadi. Upon the death of the Baal
Shem Tov, Rabbi Dovber became
the chief Chassidic leader. He and
his disciples convened to map the
movement's future course.
Among the key decisions made
was the organization of a
Chassidic Aliyah to be directed
by Rabbi Menachem Mendel of
Vitebsk and two colleagues. One
[Stunner Taplin of Hollywood; David Roth, Judith Moses (top row left to right!, and Bob Roth,
I all from Fort Lauderdale, and Thelma and Manny Bronstein from Miramax join 80 others at the
El AI Israel Airlines terminal in New York prior to their departure for one month as Volunteers
or Israel. Destination: an Israeli army base where they will pack duffle bags and perform other
non-military duties. The group is one of the largest ever sent by Volunteers for Israel since the
agency began two years ago.
:ourth place is closest Israel gets to Olympic medal
Games of the XXIII Olympiad
have ended, and once again the
Israeli Olympic team has re-
turned home empty-handed in
the race for medals, though it did
pa ground off the field. Accord
>ng to officials of the Israel
Olympic Committee. Israelis did
u well as had been expected in
[the competition.
The 38 members of the Israeli
fiu? comPeted "> J2 events, with
the best outcome being a fourth-
Plce finish by Aviram Mizrachi
\m the 500-meter
men's kayak
The results of the competitions
brought mixed reactions to the
^">elis. as some athletes did
2** than expected while others
'ell short of their
Dcpit* their being the only
for Israel's first Olympic
[wdal. sailors Shimahon Brok
r and Eitan Fridlander at-
25* "^ tie for seventh place
2 Great Britain in the 470-
| cuss yachting event.
beLL the "^ Dutchman
PW a ? cU,M' Voel SeU and
152? fin1**** in seventh
Even though these standkige
three boating events were
* outstanding, they were the
finishes for the Israeli team.
two shooting competitions.
Wt YonaasI gamed an
"h-pUce finish in the air-rifle
ri whUe Yalr Davidoviti
Shed 46th. 23rd and 63rd in a
"^-Position event.
fS *om,fn' gymnastics, Limor
i^Z:nfLmuhwl 69th d Nancy
J"*mth finished 60th. while
their male counterparts, Yaacov
Levy and Yohanan Moyal placed
42nd and 43rd, respectively.
Israel could do no better than
boast of a 17th and 26th ranking
in women's fencing, as Nilli Drori
finished ahead of her teammate,
Lydia Hatoel. Male foilers Itzhak
Hatoel and Shlomo Eyal were
ranked 16th and 17th, respec-
None of the members of the
Israeli team competing in track-
and-field events advanced
beyond the preliminary rounds.
Representatives of the Israeli
Olympic Committee participated
in all meetings of the Interna-
tional Olympic Committee, as
well as the various international
sports federations as an equal
member, in good standing.
In the past, Arab countries
have attempted to eliminate
Israel from sports federtions and
tone competitions. These moves
have diminished since Israel was
transferred from the Asian Zone
to the European Zone.
There were also frequent en-
counters between Israeli and
Arab officials and players. One
member of the Israeli delegation
said, "We are meeting like true
sportsman in the spirit of the
During the Israeli team's stay
in the Los Angeles area, team
members were on a tough social
schedule almost every evening.
At one event, more than 2,000
people turned out for s ranch-
style picnic sponsored by the
Jewish Federation-Council of
Greater Los Angeles to greet the
Israeli delegation.
There ware also a variety of
other events hosted by commu-
nity groups, congregations and
individuals with close contacts
with Israel.
of those was the new Chassidic
leader in White Russia, Rabbi
Shneur Zalman.
The group met again in 1776, a
year later (just as the United
States was declaring its inde-
pendence from England). The
convocation was a farewell to
those families and leaders who
would emigrate to Palestine in
the summer of 1777. Although
Rabbi Zalman wanted to join the
Aliyah, his senior colleagues bid
him stay in Europe to lead the
Chassidic community which
would remain. The Aliyah, led by
Rabbi Menachem Mendel,
reached Palestine in 1777.
For the next 35 years until his
death. Rabbi Zalman struggled
to support the emerging
Chassidic community in Pales-
tine. Through his help, the group
grew in size and strength.
Supporting a Jewish presence
in Palestine wasn't without risks
in Russia. When Russia and then
owned Palestine, went to war,
Rabbi Zalman's activities were
considered treasonous, as giving
aid to the enemy. He was charged
and arrested in 1798, threatening
the Palestinian Chassidic com-
munity with total isolation and
possible annihilation.
Ultimately, the Russian
government relented, freeing
Rabbi Zalman and saving the 21-
year-old Chassidic group in
Palestine. From that time on,
Chabad-Lubavitch expanded its
activities in number and quality
New settlements were built in
Hebron and Jerusalem, despite
Turkish and Arab hostility.
Kolel Chabad, begun in 1788 to
support poor families and needy
Jews, redoubled its efforts. More
settlements arose, such as the
one in Jaffa, and Chabad began
to build schools and yeshivas by
the dozen to meet the burgeoning
social and educational demands
of the growing communities.
Chabad's presence in Israel
remained unbroken despite two
world wars and the Holocaust.
From Rabbi Zalman to Rabbi
Menachem M. Schneerson,
worldwide Chabad leader today,
each Lubavitcher Rebbe has
made settlements and service in
Israel a high priority. Rabbi
Yosef Yitzchok Schneerson, this
century's previous Lubavitch
leader, opened Kfar Chabad in
Israel in 1947 in the midst of
the hostilities leading to the War
of Independence.
Kfar Chabad was the largest
agricultural settlement in Israel
at that time, and was built to
enable the Jewish community to
work the land of Israel, to give its
people the warmth and tradition
of Judaism. To meet the needs of
new generations of Jewish youth,
Kfar Chabad expanded to include
extensive vocational and
educational schools for both girls
and boys so that no youngster
would ever lack the ability to
make his or her way in life.
Today, some 5,000 people learn in
Kfar Chabad's yeshivas. Talmud
Torahs, trade schools and the
like. All are open to everyone,
regardless of background not
just Chassidim.
Nor is Chassid's influence
confined to a few settlements.
Chabadniks serve in the Israel
Defense Forces, and the
Lubavitcher Rebbe created a
special project to bring Bar
Mitzvah training to the sons of
slain Israeli soldiers cere-
monies which attract prime
ministers and Knesset members
to Kfar Chabad again and again.
Thousands more come annually
for visits and education from the
United States and Europe as well
as South America and elsewhere.
In all of this, Chabad's aim has
always been to give every child
an education and to enrich his or
her feelings toward Israel and
their Jewish heritage-
Given the opportunity to grow
and learn, the graduates of these
programs bolster Israel's
economy and the work force.
What began more than 200 years
ago as a service to Chassidic
families has grown into a vital
force for good in Israel.
Far from Chassidic splinter
groups which throw rocks at
Sabbath motorists, Chabad-
Lubavitch established outreach
services throughout Israel to
the army, to kibbutzim, and to
the country's children. Tens of
thousands gather in Kfar Chabad
and Nachalt har Chabad each
Passover to learn in a parti-
cipatory way how matzah is
Chassidim in Israel truly have
more to celebrate than 200 years
in Israel and being the first
Modern Aliyah. They can cele-
brate a richness of heritage and
Ahavas Yisroel which has
enabled thousands of people,
young and old, to take their
places in Israel society as Jews
and quality human beings.
Reprinted from Israel Today.
We've cut costs,
not corners.
We took a good hard look at funeral costs. Like many people, we
didn't like what we saw.
So we've done something about it.
Now you can save up to 25% on the cost of any funeral. Without
any loss of service or dignity.
Sinai &
Funeral Home Ylrsc
Orthodox Conservative Reform
100 South Dixie Highway/Hallandale/456 3900
Serving Broward and surrounding counties
We Are Proud To Co-Sponsor The,"Music From Israel" Concert Series. Tune
In To WTM1-FM Stereo 93 On Your Dial... September 5th. September 12th
and September 19th from 8 to 10 p.m.

ffmSS^S^mS^f^lmUSy, August 17, 1984
Pa16 tW JwiriiFlorklkno< Sooth Browwd-Hollywood/Friday, Augiwt 31.1964
Great Taste
with Ultra LowTar.
That's Success!
Warning The Surgeon General Has Determined
That Cigarette Smoking Is Dangerous to Your Hearth
5a^*W' 04| ncotfv* p cwrnt FTC town fffj 14

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