The Jewish Floridian of South Broward


Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Running title:
Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood
Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood
Jewish Floridian of South County
Physical Description:
Fred Shochet
Place of Publication:
Hollywood, Fla


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Hollywood (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Broward County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Broward -- Hollywood


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 13, no. 23 (Nov. 11, 1983)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issue for July 7, 1989 called no. 11 but constitutes no. 13.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statement conflict: Aug. 4, 1989 called no. 14 in masthead and no. 15 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.
General Note:
Title from caption.

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Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44513894
lccn - sn 00229542
System ID:

Related Items

Related Items:
Jewish Floridian
Preceded by:
Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood

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Full Text
14 Number 16
of South Broward
Hollywood, Florida Friday, August 3. 1984
Price 35 Cents
\vs in Space
nt that the title
|el Brooks'
lei to History of
/orld. Part II?
Israel hasn't
in to putting
[in space yet,
ley are finally
launching hor-
teat Won
\m Kippur
we don't have
with this
lion, but what
ki do in
lelphia if you
|utely must see
icksons con-
/en though it's
luled during
Igh Holidays?
Missions to kick off '85 campaign
The September 9-17
Chairman's Mission to
Israel will officially start
the 1985 UJA-Federation
campaign, said Dr. Saul
Singer, Campaign
"Traditionally, this is
always a standout mission
attended by the top
Jewish leadership
throughout the country,*'
he said. "On this trip, we
will meet the Prime Min-
ister and President of
Israel, and have high level
briefings by cabinet min-
Two years ago on the
Chairman's Mission,
Singer said, participants
were escorted into Leb-
anon by Defense Minister
Ariel Sharon.
Other highlights of the
trip are a flight to Eilat
and dinner with Israeli
naval officials, hopefully
on board in the Gulf of
Aqaba. Participants will
see firsthand the impact of
the return of the Sinai to
Saul Singer
Egypt, and how the
border town of Sharm-el
Sheik has been affected.
There will also be a day
allocated to see Hod
Hasharon, our twin city
through Project Renewal.
What's unique about the
trip this year is that
spouses have been invited
along for the first time,
ecial analysis
Election outcome:
Divided Israel stands
Jroblematic out-
last week's
Israel with a
period of acute
Instability. The
mment has won
seats to 41 for
y- remaining 34
-nted among a
ill parties and
pat range form
to the extreme
}y summed up
Jion in its front
|dline: "Divided
[up of Knesset
I Labor, 44; Likud
^h Communists,
Religious Party.
four seats each;
ve seats; Shinui,
ghts Movement
kat. three seats
AKuda Israel,
and Progressive
Peace, two seats
lanu the one-
member faction of Yigael
Hurwitz and Rabbi Meir
Kahane's Kach Party, one
seat each.
ACCORDING to astute
political observers, Israel
faces a prolonged period of
bargaining by both major
parties to form coalitions
with small, essentially
weak partners. These
efforts eventually will fail,
most observers believe.
They could be followed by
moves toward a national
unity government headed
either by Labor or Likud.
Such a regime would be
set up specifically to
tackle Israel's worsening
economic crisis and poli-
tical issues that divide
Labor and Likud would be
held in abeyance.
But a unity government
on those terms will be
shortlived and early elec-
tions are again likely.
Most political analysts
believe it is inconceivable
that the next Knesset
Singer said. Currently the
South Broward contingent
is 25, making it one of the
largest groups on this na-
tional UJA trip.
Regarding other
upcoming missions. Singer
had this to say:
"The Copenhagen-
Amsterdam-Israel Mission
(which is scheduled from
October 14-28) is a chance
to see two once-prominent
Jewish centers in Northern
Europe, and meet with
some of the remaining
Jewish community. Parti-
cipants will get a feel for
what used to be European
Jewry, so when we enter
the second week of the
trip, spent in Israel, we
will have a better under-
standing of the existence
of the Jewish state."
The Young Leadership
the 11th will serve out
its full four-year term.
circumstances, it is
considered likely that
Labor and Likud would
press jointly for legislation
aimed at reducing the
number of small parties in
the Knesset. This can be
done by raising the thres-
hold above the present one
percent of the vote neces-
sary for a Knesset
Politicians also predict
moves within Labor and
possibly Likud to replace
their current party leader-
ships before a new election
campaign begins. Accord-
ing to some analysts,
Shimon Peres, who failed
in three elections to lead
Labor to a decisive
victory. will be replaced by
former Premier Yitzhak
Rabin; possibly, former
President Yitzhak Navon,
who, being of Sephardic
Continued on Page 2
Mission, October 20-31, is
a national Mission, he
said, so young Jewish
people from throughout
the country can meet and
share ideas and expe-
"Most people going will
be first timers to Israel,
but the first time to Israel
is the trip that leaves the
most lasting impression,"
Singer said.
Going on the trip in-
cludes a prior committ-
ment to working on the
campaign and Federation
committees on their
Regarding the naming
of the new 1985 campaign
associates, Jerry Winnick,
Joseph Terkiel and Herb
Tolpen, Singer pointed to
Continued on Page 2
Is this
We don't know the name of this admittedly cute kid, but
we're willing to reward his parents if they'll claim her. The
photo wss taken during a day at the JCC's Camp Kadima,
and if you don't own this one, there are five more pictures
containing six more admittedly cute kids inside the paper
we're offering the same deal on.

Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of South Browanj-Hollywood Friday, August 3, 1984
Missions to kick off
'85 campaign
Continued from Page 1
the significant increase in
the local Jewish com-
"This year we find it
necessary to have three
campaign associates in
charge of specific
geographical areas, all of
whom will work directly
with the Campaign
Chairman," he said.
"They were chosen by
their prior involvement on
Missions, committees,
commitment and ability
with the hope that the
future campaign chairman
will be a natural progres-
sion from one of these
positions," he said.
Jerry Winnirk
Herb Tolpen
Divorce rate among intermarried
no longer higher than
rate between born Jews
sociologist-rabbi has asserted
that "to a remarkable extent.'
doing what is right (or Jewish
singles providing them with
opportunities to meet other
Jewish singles in socially attrac-
tive Jewish-sponsored programs
"may turn out to be the
most successful strategy for
reducing the increase" in mar-
riages of Jews to non-Jews.
Dr. Mark Winer, senior rabbi
of Temple Beth David of Corn-
mack. N.Y., made that obser-
vation in a report in the current
issue of Reform Judaism. He
declared that the "sage advice"
offered by Jewish parents to
their children "If you want a
happy marriage, marry a Jew
intermarriage ends in divorce"
has lost most of its force
because of the rapid rise in
divorce among Jews.
"Although intermarriages do
not end in divorces as frequent-
ly as they once did, Jewish mar-
riages are more frequently
ending in divorce," which often
lead to interfaith marriages, an
"ironic twist" which presents
synagogue leaders "with a fresh
opportunity to cope with the
complex phenomenon of inter
marriage," Winer declared.
The frequency of intermar-
riage has increased, among the
third native born generation of
American Jews, to one in three
"but contrary to popular stero-
type, divorce is no more
frequent among mixed mar-
riages than it is among the
partners of marriages between
born Jews."
Winer asserted that all the
evidence indicates that the
"Jewish future" is best served
by marriage between bom Jews,
adding that Jewish identity
"Uhiqufly combines ethnic, ,ap]i-
darity arid religious observance"
ot Jewiah -traditions, while
Special analysis
Election outcome: Divided Israel stands
Continued from Page 1
origin, may be best quali-
fied to head a party that
seems to be increasingly
split along ethnic lines
At the moment, most
Israelis, regardless of their
political preference, are
dismayed by the incon-
clusive election results
which they consider the
worst possible in terms of
the national interest.
together a viable, cohesive
government will damage
the prospects of solving
the country's urgent econ-
omic problems. Israel's
standing abroad will be
weakened and the very
basis of democracy at
home is threatened, in the
view of many.
Menachem Savidor, Speaker
of the outgoing Knesset, said in
an interview that he could not
see how the Knesset will be able
to function with 15 contentious
factions and no clear cut coali-
tion majority. Many political
observers spoke with trepidation
of the possible effects of
Kahane's entry into the Knesset
which will give him immunity
from criminal prosecution.
All of the foregoing notwith-
standing, Labor and Likud has
been claiming victory and seem
intent on trying to put together
s governing coalition. Labor
conceivable could block a Likud-
led coalition if Weizman's
faction is prepared to join it in
such a parliamentary move.
Labor plus Yahad, Shinui. the
('KM. the Hadash Communists
and the Arab-Jewish Progres-
sive List for Peace together
muster the 60 votes minimum
needed to deny a Likud coalition
a vote of confidence.
Lven if no such move
materializes. Likud would be
hard pressed to form a coalition
without Weizman's three
mandates The same applies of
course to Labor but the latter
may be able to arrange for the
"passive support" of the Com-
munists and Progressive which
would abstain in a confidence
vote to block Likud.
speaking privately of courting
the NRP and-or Tami and Shas
as coalition partners. Likud has
hopes of uniting all of the reli-
gious parties under its winjf and
would try to woo Weizman or
least gain his "passive support
to block a Labor coalition
Likud is also presumably
prepared to work such a deal
with Kahane though it would
not include him in a coalition
Premier Yitzhak Shamir'
reiterated his call for a national
unity government, conceding
that "any other government will
be hard to establish."
But the Labor Alignments
left wing Mapam and MK
Yossi Sarid has been firmly
opposed to any partnership with
Likud. If they quit the Align-
ment. Labor would have (ewer
Kneset mandates than Likud
This apparently has entered into
Shamir's calculations since it
means that he would continue
as Prime Minister.
predicted that after weeks and
possibly months of political
wrangling, a unity government
will evolve with the Labor
Alignment intact. According to
these analysts, Mapam will
justify compromise on grounds
of the economic crisis and the
need to prevent prolongation of
the Likud care-taker govern-
"The GUARDIAN PLAN program is
also an expression of lover
-.Jerry Bynder
-* ?*
partners of mixed marriages
"show little concern for both
these facet |
He contended that mounting
evidence suggests that a
previous divorce is the most
powerful predictor of a future
intermarriage. Research has
shown that intermarriage is four
to ten times more prevalent
among second marriages than
among first marriages. Jews
who would not consider inter-
faith marriages in their first
marriages accept it readily in
their remarriages."
Winer suggested three expla-
nations of why divorce may lead
to intermarriage. He said the
first is that most persons
entering second marriage have
completed their child-bearing
and the matter of religious
training for their children is
He said a second is that
despite its increased incidence,
divorce is still considered
"deviant" behavior in our
society. Divorced Jews typically
experience a sense of being out-
siders in synagogues, which are
generally structured around the
life-style of the intact family.
"Their divorces facilitate in-
volvement in a second form of
deviant behavior: intermar-
Winer said the third explana-
tion involves what sociologists
call "propinquity, the availabil-
ity of potential marital choices
within one's age group and geo-
graphic area. Previous research
has shown that the highest
rates of Jewish intermarriage
occur in the areas with the
lowest Jewish population."
Also, divorced Jews encounter
"a far lower number of Jewish
marriage prospects than were
available before they first
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of family, thffil Ald)L\NI'IAN|>ninramisancx|>rfssi our <eople we worry aliout have less lo
worry about. And what could In- iixmv in the Jewish tradition
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bill free 1-HMM32-IIHR3 lor your cop> < >l rtUHralAn-aiitic
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Friday, August 3, 1984 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 3
Caravan 'to reinforce our family'
Caravan Day August 26 is a
day to reinforce the feeling of
familv among ourselves and get
our leadership together, says
Dr Saul Singer. 1986 Campaign
Chairman of the Jewish Federa-
,inn of South Broward.
The day will feature two
national United Jewish Appeal
lenders who will speak to both
campaigners and lay leadership
in South Broward. They are:
Irving Bernstein, past execu-
tive director of the UJA. who
will speak on the current Israeli
economy and give an insider s
view of what the election in
Israel really meant;
And Donald M Robinson,
chairman of the American
Jewish Joint Distribution Com-
mittee, who will speak on the
worldwide role of the Jewish
Agency, and where our local
Jewish community is going.
The conference will begin at
9:30 a.m. that Sunday at the
Hollywood Beach Hilton. 4000
S. Ocean Drive. Hollywood.
Luncheon will be served, and
the program is expected to end
by 3 p.m.
The afternoon session will be
a campaign training conference
featuring national leader Bud
Levin. Those invited to parti-
cipate are member of the JFSB
Board of Directors. the
Women's Division Board, and
the Campaign Cabinet.
Some of the discussion will
center on appointment making,
upgrade, new gifts, and face to
face solicitation.
"This will be a marvelous '
session that will help us get to
our $7 million goal for 1986,"
said JFSB President Philip
Levin. "Even the best
campaigners will be able to use
the information available from
this meeting."
Throughout the day. there
will be ample opportunities for
questions and answers. "It is
only one brief day. but we
believe it will equip ourselves
with the tools to make this
campaign a success," Levin
Philip Levin
Lure of Europe interested first-time Mission participants
Ruth and Austin Tupler have
never been to Israel before but
it was the lure of seeing Europe
which convinced them to sign
up lor the Copenhagen-Amster-
dam Israel Mission, scheduled
fr October 14-28.
"We've been wanting to go to
Israel for a number of years, but
we could never find the lime to
get away." said Mrs. Tupler,
who runs a trucking company in
Davie along with her husband.
We felt that this Mission
gave ua the chance to see more
than jus) Israel while we're so
. ,iv from home. And since
never ban to Europe,
except lor Spain. Holland and
Denmark sounded like a very
interesting combination." she
Three dm s are scheduled in
each northern European city
October 15-17 in Amsterdam,
18-20 in Copenhagen. Parti-
cipants will meet the leaders of
Danish and Dutch Jewry and
get an inside look at the
national characters, cultures and
concerns of each country.
There is also much to see in
both places. Highlights are
visits to the Danish Resistance
Museum, where stories linger of
Christians who helped Jews
escape the Nazis. There are also
centuries-old synagogues to be
seen, and the Anne Frank home
in Amsterdam.
"About all we know of Jewish
life in those places is the Anne
Frank home. Mrs Tupler said.
"Everything else will be brand
new to us
Then it is off to Israel
October 21-28 where tours and
experiences and meetings with
top Israeli leaders await parti-
cipants. Also included are trips
to Yad Vashem; the Dead Sea;
our "twin" city in Israel. Hod
Hasharon; and the Western
Wall in Jerusalem.
"It sounds all very exciting
and tiring." Mrs. Tupler said.
"But we are going to extend the
trip by taking a one week cruise
from Ashdod. in Israel, to
Turkey, Athens, and Egypt.
"We've had friends who have
gone on past Missions and come
hack very enthusiastic and
anxious to go again. That's
what got us interested in
going." she said.
For more information on the
trip, please contact Beverly
Bachrach at Federation, 921-
Israel's biggest problem:
'a shortage of Jews'
Pittsburgh Jewish Chronicle
Neither Israel's no-confidence
shekel nor the unremitting hos-
tilitj of its Arab neighbors is
Israel number one problem,
according to Eliahu Ben-Elissar,
Nnuls first Ambassador to
Hen-KlLssar, who delivered the
keynote address at the ZOA
('residential Mission Conference
at the Jerusalem Hilton, said.
"Our major problem is demo-
graphy not the number of
Arabs, only the number of Jews
we ha\e
Kemember. we must be
strong enough always to deter.
not just win. But." he cau-
tioned, "don't expect such a
small nation to forever perform
the miracles we have for the
past 36 years."
A number of the Knesset and
author of "The Third Reich and
he lews. Ben-Elissar gave a
one! rundown on Israel's
strategic position vis-a-vis its
Arab neighbors.
I Kir short-range interest is in
yna. for Syria is our most
"uter foe. even though she is
now isolated in the Arab world.
I am sure." he continued.
yna knows we don't seek a
war with them. I feel we can
n'on 'nv i8sue with n*8*-
&an*5r d"~l *s
K & KByp,v in **
even tS? ifi"" "*i
** i.rr w^ pp9ed p*ce
wth Israel realize that.
Eavnl KaCtu i*16 tre*tv *ith
ArZ fe! h8d an *** on all
carTlivI y "W that Ab
wi ,n P" "W. Israel.
Jmeday. parU ^^
to ^~n:4^e ^^ Le^amoo
Th.t (,"" ""Vndent in.
OUtaiit. i__ ~ with no
K2 51 HE*"
withdrawal from Lebanon as
soon as possible without
danger to our nation.
"Jordan: We have no conflict
with them, but very few Israelis
would give Jerusalem back to
Hussein. But nothing we do
would induce him to the peace
process; he is afraid of Syria.
Don't forget, his longest border
is with Syria, not us."
Ben-Elissar is certain of some
"Jerusalem: There is a na-
tional unity in Israel that Jeru-
salem will never again be
divided, that the Jordan River
will be our eastern defense line
and that there will not be a
return to the pre-1967
borderlines. Whoever is in power
after the election, no one will
deviate from this. And those
who feel Hussein is willing to
agree are making a grave
While Ben-Elissar considers
the Egyptian-Israel "profile of
relations changeable, no one on
either side considers war a
possibility. The treaty was an
historic achievement.
"Look, we have a full peace
with Egypt, a de facto peace
with Jordan, and we have
formed secure borders. The PLO
has lost its military capacity
and much of its political capa-
"The PLO is so weakened
that more and more Arabs are
ready to accept what they
previously rejected the
regime of autonomy, the Israeli
Ben-Elissar is optimistic that
the next government will be
able to implement the most
important parts of the frame-
work of the 'Palestinian
Later in the same week, Min-
ister of Defense Moehe Arena at
a press briefing proclaimed "the
Site* achievement of the
ud's seven years has to be
the closing of the gap between
the First and Second 1st
He was referring to the social
strata lines between Israel's
eastern European immigrants
and those from Arab lands.
"Those lines have disappeared
partly because of Project
Renewal and partly by great
efforts in education."
On Israel's overheated eco-
nomy. Arens claims, "our
problems come from overinvest-
ment in our own potential. But
the time has come for real belt-
The problems, however, are
more political than economic, he
feels. "We really need a
National Unity government to
carry out the needed reforms."
During the campaign, both
major parties shied away from
talking tachlis dealing with
the real thing, the bottom line
of the economic issue and the
stringent moves needed to
correct imbalances.
On the U.S. elections coming
up in November, Arens said,
"We have no fears no matter
who wins. Our relationship with
the United States is on solid
foundations which have nothing
to do with elections. Elections
won't change a thing."
He also told the assembled
press that "Stinger missiles are
irrelevant to the Gulf War.
Saudi Arabia has all the equip-
ment they could ever need to
handle the Gulf problem F-
15's. AWACa, Hawk missiles.
Don't forget, the Iranian Air
Force is almost non-existent. On
the other hand, the Stingers are
an ideal terrorist weapon
small, shoulder-fired, non-
sophisticated and deadly within
three miles"
Regardless of the political
positions of the US political
Cities, "Jerusalem will always
Israel's capital and in time,
all embassies will be located

Ruth and Austin Tupler
A second Bar Mitz vah
The Bible says that Mans
span of life is three score and
ten. Therefore, an increasingly
popular tradition is coming
about that enables families to
share in the joy of togetherness.
A tridition that started in the
Yerrenite community that of
hororing a man with a second
Hit Mitzvah on his reaching 83
(70 years given from the Bible
plus 13) was the basis of a
happy occasion that took place
in Herzlia on 23 June.
Ralph Grant, father-in-law of
our Project Renewal coordinator
Marilyn Grant and a resident of
Hallandale, was called to the
Torah on that Shabbat to once
again become Bar Mitzvah. His
family shared in his pleasure
his wife, Lillian, his two sons,
Murray and Jason, and one of
his grandsons, Todd, were all on
hand. But the day was his. As
he was called to the Torah for
Maftir. his step quickened, his
head was raised in pride, his
voice strengthened. He chanted
the Haftorah, read the blessings
before and after had returned to
his seat amidst the embraces
and congratulations of most of
the congregation. President
Haim Herzog. a regular member
of the congregation, extended
his warm congratulations and
remarked that Ralph had
chanted letter-perfect. Herschel
Blumberg, Immediate Past
Chairman of the United Jewish
Appeal and a member of the
Jewish Agency Board of
Governors, added hie warmest
After the moving services,
Ralph informed the guests that
the Tallit he had worn waa the
same Tallit that his father (of
blessed memory) had draped
over his son's shoulders more
than 70 years ago in
Meishegola, a little shtetl near
Vilna. Lithuania. This Tallit,
carefully mended and preserved
had been passed from Great
grandfather to grandfather to
father and to son and will now,
in a few years, be passed on to
Ralph's great grandson Philip
on the occasion of his Bar
Mitzvah, marking the fifth
generation to wear this precious
How does this relate to
Project Renewal? Well, isn't this
what it is all about. Brothers in
a common religion, a common
"faith, passing on to one another
that which is meaningful and
good from each of their cultures.
Brothers helping one another to
grow, to become better members
of our Peoplehood. Yemenites
and Moroccans and Iraqis
alongside Litvaks, Galitzianers,
Russians. Germans and even
third and fourth generation
Americans all building a
better nation a nation that
extends far beyond the borders
of Israel to encompass each and
every one of us who take pride
in being a member of the
Peoplehood of Israel.
Ralph Grant was Bar Mitzvah
for the second time. We know
that his heart filled with even a
little extra pride that day aa he
remembered from this act of
faith that he is a proud member
of a proud people. If any of you
want to be Bar Mitzvah on a
similar occasion, we are sure the
people of Giora and Gil Amal in
our Project Renewal neigh-
borhoods of Hod Hasharon
would be honored and thrilled to
have this occasion celebrated in
one of the many synagogues
within these neighborhoods.
Martva Grant

Page 4 The Jewiah Floridjaq of South Broward-Hollywood Friday. August 3, 1984
Opening the door to the new world
Needs of new immigrants brought Jewish banks into being
___ ______.__
Philadelphia Jewiah Exponent
Those of us descended frorr
immigrant parents or grand
parents like to cling to a
romantic conception of how our
forebears came to America. We
envision a ship, teeming with
passengers in the steerage
section, entering New York
harbor and passing the Statue
of Liberty.
There is a sudden rush of
noise on board. Some people
dance and sing; others pray or
weep. Then comes Ellis Island,
more forbidding, with its long
benches, medical examinations
and stream of white-coated of-
In many instances, this
scenario bears little relation to
the truth, especially if one"s
relatives first settled in cities
other than New York. Ellis
Island was not the only point of
entry to the United States
during the great wave of immi-
There were active ports all
along the Eastern seaboard
in Boston, Philadelphia and
Baltimore as well as in. of all
places. Cialveston. Texas. Ac-
cording to Lawrence Seiver, dir-
ector of development at
Philadelphia's Balch Institute
for Ethnic Studies, half the im-
migrants who came to the
United States between 1880 and
1914 came to ports other than
Ellis Island.
Eew Philadelphians seem to
know just how significant their
city was in this regard
Thousands of individuals from
all ethnic backgrounds landed
here at two major wharves. One
was Icoated between Christian
and Washington Streets and
was known as the Washington
Street Steamship Landing or
Pier 53: the other was at Vine
Street and was designated Pier
19 North.
Many new arrivals landed in
Philadelphia because of the
sponsorship of what has come to
be known as the "ethnic'' bank
Its story has never been
properly told; it is a chronicle
pieced together from memories
related by the children and
grandchildren of those who
founded the banks.
Much of this information is
conjecture, hearsay. But one
thing is clear: Philadelphia's
prominence as an immigrant
port was inextricably linked to
the community service offered
by these curiously informal
financial institutions.
Prior to 1870. there was no
official immigrant stop in Phila-
delphia: ships docked at any
number of wharves. But with
the passage of more stringent
government laws, the Washing-
ton Street Steamship landing
was established. It operated
until 1924, and the pier's super-
structure was not demolished
until 1969.
The steamship companies that
frequented Philadelphia most
included the American lor
Keystone) Line, established in
1873 with backing from the
Pennsylvania Railroad. Its point
of origin was Liverpool. Other
companies that docked here
included the Red Star, North
German Lloyd and the
Hamburg American Lines.
The Four best known ships
that serviced the city were the
Pennsylvania, the Illinois, the
Ohio and the Indiana, all of
which could accommodate salon
(or 'cabin "I passengers, plus
875 people in steerage.
If all necessary medical
examinations went well and the
immigrants passed through
customs at Washington Street,
they were taken to a large room
on the second floor of the
station, where representatives of
beneficial societies, interpreters
and people from the ethnic
banks awaited them.
From all that can be
ascertained about their origins,
the ethnic banks actually began
as agencies representing the
steamship lines They sold
schiffskarten, or boat tickets, to
immigrants in the States who
wished to bring relatives or
friends over from the old
In their earliest incarnations,
these "banks'' might have been
located in grocery stores and
saloons, the natural gathering
places for working men and
women. As word of mouth grew,
other immigrants took their
savings to the agent, who had
the advantage of understanding
the needs and language of his
The immigrant might have
asked the agent to hold his few
dollars in safekeeping until he
accumulated enough money to
buy a ticket; or he might wish
to send a specific sum to his
relatives in Europe. This was
known as "foreign exchange.''
It was only natural that,
having begun in this way. the
immigrant should have
continued to leave his surplus
funds with the agent. Within a
short time, the "banker" had a
fair amount of money and the
nucleus of a banking business.
If he were originally a saloon
keeper or grocer, he might have
sold his former business, bought
a safe and opened a storefront
These unchartered institutions
practiced a unique brand of
private, laissez-faire banking
(Their "abuses" were eventually
investigated by the U.S. Senate
in 19101 They bore little
resemblance to the mainstream
banks in the city, had no real
capital, little or no legal
responsibility and control. Yet
they provided an invaluable
Newly arrived immigrants,
distrusted by the larger, gentile
society, had nowhere else to
turn; and the "banker,"
perceived as a representative of
well-known steamship lines,
. Jewish
Editor and Publish,"
of soutn aroward
Fred SAoc/ttf
Associate Editor
Eiecutive Editor
Published B Amu, Second Class Postage paid ai Manandaia Fia No lUSPS 864 5001 dSSN IV46 "3'j
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MamOHice t Piani 120 NE 6th Si Miami Fla 33132 Phone i 3'3 4605
Postmaster lorn 35'1 return, to Jewish Fioridian P 0 eo. oi M7J. Miami Fla M101
jM*,s Federal! "' Souih Broward officers President r> Phinp A Levin Vice Presidents Or
. ,">,' led Newman ,nd Nai Sediey treasure! Or Howard Ba>ron. Secretary.tBSjja
MteCf. tavkulue Oiieciur Sumnar U, Karoe Submit materiel lor publication to An Masts
assor-iaie editor 2r"l9HoiiywoodBivd Hollywood Florida 33020
a Member J'A Se.en An, WNS. MA. AJPA. aae FA
>UBS< MipriON RATES Local Area S3 50 Annual (2 Year Minimum |7). or by membership Jewish
Federai.on&i South Broward 2'!Hollywood Bivd Hollywood Fla 33020 Phone Out oi town upon Request

A poster for the American Line, which brought many Jewish immigrants
to Philadelphia.
Friday. August 3. 1984
Volume 14
6 AB 5744
Number 16
attained status in the eyes of
his co-religionists. In addition,
the banker wrote letters for his
customers, received their mail,
and acted as general adviser on
personal and business matters.
There were at least three such
ethnic banks serving the Phila-
delphia Jewish community:
Lipshutz's, Blitzstein's and
Rosenbaums's. Despite their
informality, these businesses
followed an elaborate protocol
when selling boat tickets: this is
reflected in their ledger books,
now housed at the Philadelphia
Jewish Archives Center. 625
Walnut St
One can look up a name in a
card catalogue or in a cross-
reference book, then check the
appropriate ledger and ascertain
the date a ticket was purchased,
the order number ascribed by
the bank, the amount of money
that changed hands, the name
of the boat the traveler took,
the passenger's name and
address in the old country, the
points of embarkation and
destination, the steamship line
used and the name and address
of the person in America who
purchased the ticket. All this
information is laid out
meticulously, in a clear
handwriting with beautiful,
florid touches common to the
Phila. Jan 19. 1911
Dear Mendel.
I was ovtr to see Mr. Cooper
today and got the tickets
together with all the information
that I was looking for .
If you'd like to know what
the letter reads which I enclose
for lour brother) Shmeril to
hand to Mr Linderman. I can
quote it to you from memory. It
reads as follows:
"My dear Mr Linderman.
"Kindly see that the bearers
of this note are well cared for
during their voyage They are
orphans and are bound to an
uncle and two brothers, which
relatives are personal friends of
mine. Any court es\ shown them
will be greatly appreciated by
yours truly. I..I Cooper "
This sounds pretty good, does
it not' Mr Cooper told me that
when Mr Linderman gets this
noli1, thex will he put separately
and well taken care of .
Regards to all
More personal information is
known aliout the Blitzstein and
Rosenbaum banks The two
institutions were located in the
same area of South Phila-
delphia, and the competition
between them was fierce.
Blitzstein's served the city's
Russian and Eastern European
Jews; Rosenbaum's the German
Jews. This fact put a great
social distance between the two
families no matter the
proximity of their banks. They
were separated by a gulf some
say was far greater than that
between Jew and gentile.
At the beginning of World
War I. there waa a run on the
Rosenbaum bank; family
members say it waa caused by a
rumor that Morns Rosenbaum,
the bank's founder, waa a
German apy. Family legend also
suggests that the rumor began
at Blitzstein's though of
course there is no proof of this
Several descendants of the
banking families still live in
Philadelphia area and were
interviewed for this article
Josephine (BliUsteinl Davis,
the granddaughter of the
founder of ML. Blitzstein's.
recalls that throughout her
childhood, she never set eye on
the Hosenbaums. But in the
'20s. her younger brother. Marc.
the famous composer of the
musical play "The Craddle WlU
Rock," became friends with
Paul Rosenbaum, one of MofrU
sons, when the two of them
attended the University of
"Paul went home after -
school." Jo Davis relates, and
told his father he'd met a great
guy named Marc Blitzstein Hjl
father raised himself up in his
chair and said. Did you say
Blitzstein? He wouldn't have-
any thing to do with that bank,
would he?' Paul said. Yes. sure
He's the grandson.' 'Well, his
father responded, he will never
darken our door!' '
The banking history of both
families is remarkably similar
They began in atorefronts witn
only a few high desks, aoroe
ledger books and a aafo. Bliu-
atein'a waa first located on tn ,
northeast corner of Fourth ana
Lombard Sta.; Rosenbaum
609 S. Third St. The fa1""
lived above the "officea <*
they were caJJed) before moving


Is Jackson's Philly concert
on Yom Kippur 'a Jewish issue?'
Friday, August 3, 1984 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 6
The Exponent's reporters and
editors recently participated in a
lively in-ho use discussion about
what our official reaction should
be if any were warranted
to the news that Michael
Jackson's over-publicized (and
quite probably over-priced)
appearances in Philadelphia
would take place on Yom
Certainly. Jewish Jackson
fans would be blocked from the
Oct. 5 concert and quite
possibly from the Oct. 6 date as
well, depending on the concert's
starting time. A third date may
be announced, but at the
moment, such an extra oppor-
tunity to thrill to "Thriller'' is
far from a certainty.
For the hard-liners on the
staff, there was absolutely no
point in discussing the matter.
It is not a Jewish concern; it is
just another price to pay for
living in the Diaspora. Special
events take place every Friday
night, they commented, and
those who are Shabbat-
observant simply don't go. Jews
have no reason to complain
about the >om Kippur concerts
and no reason to attend them
On the other hand, argued a
vocal minority, a society that
values its minorities and takes
some pride in its pluralism has
an obligation to be sensitive to
such religious issues.
Galilee settlement group
seeks new members
An open letter on ten years
in Federation's Chaplaincy
Ten years ago this summer I
assumed the role of Chaplain of
the Jewish Federation of South
Broward. Actually. I began
serving both Federations of
Broward County, and after two
years moved totally into South
Broward. I had spent some 20
years in the pulpit rabbinate
and when I first started I was
leery of shifting my rabbinical
gears into unknown territory.
However I soon discovered that
I had made a wise choice. The
Chaplaincy gave me an oppor-
tunity to utilize my talents
counseling, singing, teaching
and a free-wheeling spirituality
presence within its structure. I
also have found that the Chap-
laincy experience enables me to
meet at least one or two people
per day whom I feel. "I'm glad
I was able to make your day."
I am also privileged to work
with Chaplaincy Committees
who have presented good ideas
and given direction for new
programs. I am also extremely
privileged to work with so many
devoted volunteers whose hearts
and sold are truly invested in a
work they regard as sacred. It
has also been good to celebrate
with these devotees at our
annual parties.
One does not know how much
one accomplishes in this type of
work. Often we don't realize
how effective we have been.
\fter all we are but O-d's
channels for healing and
consolation. We do our best and
leave the rest to G-d. But, I
must admit, it feels good to
hear even months or years
later when the individuals or
familial of those we counseled
let us know how much we have
nuant at critical moments in
their lives. My work with
Federation carries me into
diverse fields of endeavor, yet
touching upon the religious and
spiritual needs of the com-
munity. I have been working
with the Interfaith Council of
Greater Hollywood.
I am involved with its various
projects and pursuits. In addi-
tion I have enjoyed the friend-
ship of our members as we cel-
ebrate the Chanukah-Chriatmaa
season or Thanksgiving or an
Inter-faith concert at Young
Circle. I also bring to mind
some beautiful experiences
shared with the Family Mission
in Israel last summer. It was
thrilling to sense the pulsations
of fellow-Jews "turning on"
deeply to Israel and the
spiritual heritage it embodies.
So looking back at 10 years of
v haplaincy service with Federa-
tion I aay thank you Federation
for enabling me to be here and
for your encouragement in my
endeavors. Above all I say.
Thank you. G-d. for placing me
in this lovely area of this world,
tOT the.opportunities for service,
lor the opportunities of learning
and giving. May we all go
"Mechayil el chayil" from
strength to strength as we look
forward to a marvelous and
blessed future.
Rabbi Harold Richter
When the city made itself a
direct party to the negotiations
that will bring the Jacksons to
Philadelphia, it should have had
the sensitivity to consider all its
youthful citizens and not put a
giant roadblock in the way of a
sizable segment that might
want to see the musical idol
with the glittering glove.
Besides, they argued, the
unfortunate scheduling is sure
to cause conflict in Jewish
households where parents
and Judaism itself would be
blamed by young people for
barring them from what they
view as a once-in-alifetime
Is it a Jewish issue?
Probably, since it occasioned
such a prolonged dialogue. Has
the city displayed an insensi-
tivity to its Jewish citizens?
Probably, and not for the first
time. But such insensitivity is
the norm in this non-Jewish
Can anything be done now?
The ball seems to be in Mayor
Goode's court. He brought the
Jacksons here amid great
hoopla, and if he can clear up
the conflict with Kol Nidre, the
cheers will multiply.
NEW YORK A settlement
group whose first members will
begin building a village in the
Galilee this fall is now looking
for new members who share an
interest in living in the region.
Garin Miahol BaGalil, a
settlement group of about 5
families, is working in close
conjunction with the Israel
Aliyah Center's settlement desk
to attract others to Eshchar, a
small village about 40 minutes
from Haifa, according to Dov
l.apm. the group's organizer.
"Any American or Canadian
Jew. or any returning Israeli, is
welcome to join our garin,"
Lapin said, explaining that
"Eshchar will be a a mixed
village, open to Jews from reli-
gious as well as non-religious
"The advantages of settling
in Eshchar," he continued, "are
apparent to anyone who has
seen its location, atop a hill with
beautiful vistas, or to anyone
familiar with the Galilee, which
is fast becoming a region of
new. high-tech industry and
plenty of jobs."
Residents of Eshchsr. like
those of any town or village in
Israel, will be able to work
whereever jobs are available
either locally or in nearby urban
areas. In addition, financial aid
will be available to families or
individuals interested in
establishing their own
businesses in the community.
Like other community villages
(kfar kehilatim), Eshchar will
allow for individual privacy and,
at the same time, emphasize
community involvement. Lapin
"Decisions will be made by
the community as a whole, with
each member having an equal
voice." he added "Sort of like
a New England town meeting."
Residents will have access to
a variety of established services
such as schools, clinics, day
care centers and transportation
that are provided on a
regional basis by a local council.
Families and individuals
interested in joining Mishol
BaGalil the garin associated
with Eshchar should contact
either Dov Lapin or Nir Gur at
the Israel Aliyah Center's
settlement desk, 515 Park
Avenue. New York. NY 10O22;
telephone (212) 752-0600.
extension 244 or 247.
C 0*"00 K Certified Koshet

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Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Friday. August 3, 1984
Bolsheviks and Mensheviks
Hebrew Name for Abe Halpern
Part II
Continued from last column
In the June 22 issue of the Jewish Floridian,
I wrote in detail about the friendly and warm
relationship I had with Comrade Nikolai
Matveyevich Petrov.
During January and February 1922 my visits
to his home became more frequent. Together we
ate his specially prepared food, played endless
games of chess, but mostly we talked. When it
was late and time for me to go home, he would
walk with me to my sister's apartment so that
we could continue our conversation.
WHEN WE FIRST MET at the market
where he bought the baked goods 1 sold, we
talked several times before he offered me a job
at the establishment of which he was the head
At that time 1 did not know much about him
and our conversation was superficial.
After working for him for about three months
1 learned much more about him He was a high
ranking member of the Soviet Communist
regime, not only in Simferopol but throughout
the Crimea. In the establishment he had direct
control over rationing, receipt and distribution
of material from all over Russia. He had
influence in the fields of transportation, cultural
and sporting events and much more Petrov
traveled extensively.
questions became more varied and probing, but
I couldn't understand why and what were his
motives. However I did not hesitate to answer
him quite openly that my Judaism taught me
that Eretz Yisroel is the only future home for
all Jews. I hoped that after the establishment
of a democratic socialist regime based on the
western type of democracy, the Russian
government would try to facilitate the
establishment of a Jewish home in Palestine
I made it very clear to him that / uas never a
communist He never once suggested that I join
Komsomol, the youth group of the Communist
Some of his questions were beyond my sphere
of knowledge. 1 therefore decided to read all I
could in the Moscow newspapers as well as the
local press in order to have as many facts at my
command as I could If 1 didn't know what the
facts were I said so.
I knew was that the leader of the Mensheviks
was L. Martov At this time he cautioned me
not to mention anything about our discussion to
anyone including my sister.
New French government
to be more pro-Israel
We also talked about my experience in Priluki
in the summer of 1917 where we moved from
Itchnya after the pogrom.
During the preparation for the election of
members to serve in the Constitutional
Convention, one of the 16 parties was the Bund.
(The Bund was the General Federation of
Jewish Workers in Lithuania, Poland and
Russia. It was a section of the Jewish Socialist
A member of the local Bund came to visit my
mother in order to persuade her to vote for a
member of the Bund When she wanted to know
why he explained that it was very important to
have Bund delegates so that when Russia
becomes h democracy the Bund delegates will
press lor Russia to vote for the establishment of
a Jewish State in Palestine My mother replied:
I do not think that in my lifetime Palestine
will become a .(.wish State I am hoping though
that my children (pointing to her three boys, at
that time 1-. 10, and HI will live to see Eretz
Yisroel become a Jewish State "
WORDS They were ringing in my ears the first
time we visited Israel in 1963 as we stepped off
the plane at l.ydia Airport.
In my last column. I wrote a brief
introduction of the leaders of the Bolsheviks
and the one leader of Mensheviks.
The friendship between Petrov and myself
deepened in spite of our differences in age,
culture, background and position. He asked me
to call him Kolya. the diminutive of Nikolai and
he would call me Abrasha. the diminutive of
Abram This was to be only in our personal
relationship outside the office. In the office we
would address each other as before.
Remembering all this 62 years later, the
following poem comes to mind.
There is a destiny that makes us brothers;
None goes his way alone:
All that we send into the lives of others
Comes back into our own.
I care not what his temples or his creeds.
One thing holds firm and fast
That into his fateful heap of days and deeds.
The soul of men is cast.
By Edwin Markham
(To be continued in the next column)
Star-Kist tuna in
natural spring water.
o o
"It's(Q)Kosher and
has half the calories
of tuna in oil. It's sot
;at taste nature
ike me!9
s got
PARIS (JTAI The Social-
ist government of Premier
Laurent Fabius. no longer te-
thered to the Communist Party
which was part of the coalition
headed by former Premier Pierre
Mauroy, is expected to adopt a
stronger pro-Israel stance than
its predecessor, diplomatic
observers said here.
Although foreign policy is the
exclusive province of the Presi-
dent under the French
Constitution, President Francois
Mitterrand had been forced to
take Communist opinion into
consideration when he
formulated it in the past.
'Now. with the Communists
gone, the President will have an
even freer hand in pursuing a
Strong pro-Western Atlantic line
in Europe and the Middle
East." the observers said.
Mitterrand named Fabius to
succeed Mauroy after the
letter's sudden resignation last
week and the Cabinet has been
Among the four Communist
ministers dropped was Charles
Fitterman. Minister of
Transport, who was born in
Lille, the son of Jewish immi-
grant parents from Poland. He
is slated to replace Georges
Marchais as Secretary General
of France's Communist Party.
Fabius has reappointed
another Jew who held a senior
Cabinet post in the Mauroy
government. Justice Minister
Robert Badinter. Gaaton
DeFerre, a non-Jew but a warm
friend of Israel, lost his portfolio
of Minister of Interior but
remains a Minister of State and
is the highest ranking Cabinet
member after the Prime
Minister. Minister of Culture
Jack Lang, who is Jewish, is
expected to keep his post which,
is classified as a junior minister
Fabius himself is of Jewish
origin. His father, who runs one
of Paris' most fashionable art
and antiques gallery, converted
to Catholicism before the 37-
year-old Premier-to-be was born
But Jewish sources here
st ressed that his mother never
converted and according to
halachic interpretation. Fabius
is and remains a Jew. His wife
is Jewish and his children are
considered Jewish according to
Jewish law.
Tm terribly sorry, but if youH
called for reservations...."
Someone figured driving 50 miles back and forth costs 20
di >llars. But with Southern Bell 50 miles is only a short long dis
tarn e ( -all away. Which means in Florida, the most a 5-minute
all {50 miles or to can coal is $1.52, dialed direct without the
operator. Anytime day or night.
SUt figure it's a lot smarter to get on the phone for those
one oi-a kind things, reservations, shopping, or whatever,
before getting an the highway.
Make a short long distance call today.
Southern Bell
Dial Suiioniu ) chargas apply fhaaacnargaado not apply paon lo-pfon. ewn ^"'
guasi calling caid or coaact cam caH cnargad anona numoaf 01 W wn and C"*JV1.
call* f w duacl dial raiaa lo Alaska and Hawaii, ohaen yoof ooaato Retaa aubiect cnano

Friday. Auguat 3. 1984 The Jewish Floridjaq of South Broward-Hollywood Page 7
Mandels off Cleveland, Hollywood make
$42 million gift to Ohio Jewish Federation
~( i cono ,irr<
NF.W YORK (JTA) A gift
of 12 million shares of a major
publicly-owned corporation, the
Premier Industrial Corp.. valued
at $42 million when the gift was
arranged in March, has been
made by the Mandel family of
Cleveland to the Mandel Asso-
ciated Foundations.
This contribution was de-
scribed by a former Cleveland
Jewish Federation official.
Henry Zucker. as "the largest
lifetime philanthropic gift in the
history of Cleveland." The
Premier Industrial Corp. wa9
founded and developed by the
Mandels. Its stock is traded on
the New York Stock Exchange.
The donors to the Founda-
tions are Morton and Barbara
Mandel. Joseph and Florence
Mandel. and Jack and I.ilyan
Mandel. Rach couple set up a
Supporting Foundation to .vhich
the stock was given. F.ach Sup-
porting Foundation is chartered
by the State of Ohio. Zucker
said such Foundations are a
relatively new type of philan
thropic agency.
Morton Mandel has been
president of the Cleveland Fed-
eration, the Jewish Welfare
Hoard and the CJF. Barbara
Mandel is president of the
National Council of Jewish
Women. Jack Mandel and Jo-
seph Mandel have also been
active in philanthropic activities
in Cleveland and in Hollywood.
Fla. and Palm Beach. Fla.
The I^itin-American group of
the Jewish Federation of South
Broward will meet during an
OMg Shabliat Friday evening
August 24 at M p.m. at Temple
Israel of Miramar. 6920 SW
35th Street. Miramar. Members
and friends are also requested to
note the scheduling of a picnic
Sunday September 23 at 11 a.m.
at T-Y Park in Hollywood.
Zucker, executive vice presi-
dent emeritus of the Cleveland
Jewish Federation and vice
president of the Endowment
Development Committee of the
Council of Jewish Federations,
said that the Mandels chose to
set up the Supporting Founda-
tions because, through such
Foundations, the donors have a
"considerable degree of input"
into the beneficiary agencies
getting grants from the Foun-
He said another reason was
that the three Mandel families
hoped that their special philan-
thropic interests and concerns
would be taken into considera-
tion in distributions after they
passed away.
Zucker said the three Founda-
tions are housed in an office in
the Federation and that he
acted as consultant for all three
Foundations which he said
function as a single entity.
He said all decisions on dis-
tributions of funds from the
Foundations are made by a
seven-member board of trustees,
four named by the Federation
and three by the Mandels. The
secretary of the Foundations is
Howard Berger. associate
director of the Federation.
Zucker said such Foundations
are considered by the United
States government, for tax pur-
poeati as public charities
becaUM they are accountable to
a public charity, in this case,
the Cleveland Federation.
Zucker said the Mandel
family had made the gift
without conditions and that the
trustees can sell the stock, or
use the dividends, or both. He
said the Mandels had tradition-
ally "supported a great variety
of local, national and interna-
tional needs These will be con-
tinued in the future but they are
also developing some ideas of
their own and will probably be
emphasizing that aspect more."
Aleady underway is a pro-
gram at Case Western Reserve
University, the Mandel Center
for Non-Profit Management, the
result of collaboration between
the Cleveland Foundation, the
George Gund Foundation, Stan-
dard Oil of Ohio and the Mandel
Associated Foundations to
provide funds to cover the five-
year starting costs of the new
The Mandel Associated Foun-
dations will provide $650,000 for
endowment of a professional
chair for the new center. Gifts
from the Mandels and the
Premier Corp. will total about
$1,250,000 for the Case Western
Reserve University center.
Marriott announces
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Weekend rates!
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Page 8 The Jewish Ftoridian of South Broward-Hollywood Friday, August 3, 1984
Needs of new immigrants brought Jewish banks into being
Continued from Page 4
to more elaborate homes.
As did other Russian Jews,
the Blitzsteins moved west to
41st St. and Girard Ave., which
was so far beyond the center of
the city that it was considered
the country. The Rosenbaums.
like most German Jews, moved
north, to a luxurious 22-room
house at 1821 Diamond St.
Little is known about the
Lipshutz bank other than its
location at 614 Poplar St.
However, letters written by a
member of the Boonin family
and lent to the Balch Institute
for Ethnic Studies for their
show. "Destination Phila
delphia." give a glimpse of how
I.J. Cooper, a representative of
Lipshutz's. helped his
There were eight Boonin
children. Two of them. Mendel
and Abe. came to America in
1903 and 1905 respectively
They had lived in the small
town of Slutz, 100 miles south
of Minsk, in what is now Byelo-
russia. Their father. Noson. died
in July 1909, and their mother.
Matle, died in March of the
following year.
Beginning in the summer of
1910. Mendel and Abe Boonin
attempted to reunite the family.
Abe lived in South Philadelphia
and Mendel in Brooklyn. As
letters from Abe to Mendel
make clear, potential immi-
grants feared they would be
denied admittance to the United
States because of illness and
disease. Abe worked closely
with Mr. Cooper to ensure that
his brother Bailke, who had a
bad leg. would not be turned
Phila. Friday Oct. 2, 1910
Dear Mendel,
1 was over to see Mr. Cooper
today and was able to obtain
enough information from him to
throw considerable light on the
subject He explained .
that it would be necessary for
all of us to tell the whole truth
and not resort to any untrue
statements. He also said that it
will be necessary for me to say
that I intend living with the
children at aunt's home and
that she will have to declare
that she undertakes to raise
them and take care of them .
We are also to send them
tickets from here and say that
we did so not because they did
not have the money for same,
but because we wanted to
protect them against any
swindle or pretending agent that
might want to deceive them
dunng their travel .
He also added that just as
soon as they pass the doctor's
examination, he expects no
difficulty at all in seeing them
through. And I am really
inclined to believe that he is
capable of doing more than
someone else. He offered to
show me a letter which he had
just received this morning and
which 1 found to be one full of
thanks to him for saving a
woman and four other families,
who would have been sent back
. had it not been for Mr
Cooper's efforts.
He told us at the end of the
interview that when they are
ready to go he will give us a
letter which we will have to
send to the children and they
will hand it over to the head
steward right after their vessel
will have left Liverpool. They
will then be put in a comfortable
room and will be cared for until
they reach here .
I am your
Once the big immigrant push
died down after World War I,
both families built elaborate,
very stately buildings for their
businesses that were instantly
recognizable as banks. Blitz-
stein's moved across the street
to the northwest comer of
Fourth and Lombard, and
Rosenbaum's moved one door
down to 603-605 S. Third St.
Two sisters, Mary Laveson
and Esther Rubin, both worked
in the Blitzstein bank during
the "20s. They did a little of
everything they were tellers,
secretaries and receptionists
(most callers spoke Yiddish) and
they wrote up bank deposits.
According to Laveson. at the
end of the day. all monies were
taken to a larger neighboring
bank. the Fourth Street
Mlit/.stein's offered Savings
and checking accounts with
interest. And S< hiffs-karten were
still sold. Two men. Mr.
1'ogotsky and Mr Dannenberg.
took care of the steamship
tickets." Laveson explains.
"And that money became part
of the bank's money The two
men made up little slips and
handed everything over to the
head teller."
But despite these details,
information about how the
banks began remains cloudy. It
took the Blitzsteins eight years
after leaving Odessa to arrive in
Philadelphia in the 1880s. There
was time spent in Poland and at
least four years in Liverpool.
The Liverpool connection may
have convinced the elder Mrs.
Blitzstein. by then a widow,
that there was money to be
made in selling boat tickets Her
husband. Marcus (the bank was
named for him), must have been
some sort of professional the
family arrived here with money
and may have had a tobacco
business in Liverpool.
Mrs. Blitzstein. a thin. tiny,
wrinkled woman in a family of
bosomy females, known to
relatives only as "Babushka."
ran the bank single-handedly.
"She was a true matriarch." Jo
Davis relates. "Nobody ever
talked about money. Babushka
simply made a living and
supported the whole family."
As Davis remembers it, the
bank sent money or boat tickets
or already used passports to
individuals in Europe; then,
when the immigrant came to
America, he paid a small weekly
sum until the debt was erased.
One of Davis' most vivid
childhood memories concerns
her grandmother, who was
called before some sort of board
of inquiry composed of very
imposing males. Davis, no more
than eight years old at the time,
was taken along. as was
Babushka's cousin John
(ialanter, who had recently
come from Russia at
Babushka's request to work at
the l)ii nk Babushka insisted
that John repeat each of the
board's questions in Russian
She then answered in Russian
and John translated her
responses into English
Davis was puzzled by this
tactic, as her grandmother
spoke far better English than
(ialanter did. "When I asked
her why she'd done it,
Babushka said I'd learn soon
enough how difficult things were
for a woman, especially in the
business world. The only thing
those men knew.' she told me,
was that I was a Russian
woman, that I spoke Russian. I
wanted to hear those questions
twice and have as much time as
possible to come up with my
answers." "
Yet for all the Blitzsteins'
dedication to business and to
increasing the local Jewish
population, they thought of
themselves as socialists and
agnostics. "We went to Ethical
Culture Sunday School," Davis
says, "and to the Socialist
Literary Society on Sunday
afternoons. It met at the South
Broad Street Theatre, where the
Shubert is now."
Davis' father. Sam Blitzstein.
best exemplifies the family's
philosophy. He was considered a
man about town, as well as a
committed socialist who cared
more about politics than
banking. And because he was
Babushka's only son, all of his
whims were indulged. He dipped
into the till often, took three-
and four-hour lunches, during
which he was shaved by a
barber and had his nails
manicured. He also spent time
with his cronies discussing the
The Rosenbaums were a breed
your children can
get a good education
and an appreciation
of their heritage.
. i r I Jew
cou'sei t. .

j He : program specie ''
vanced science and math
courses a rxgniy acdaimeo com
puier science program witn rouo
tics varsity sports exlra Curricula'
activities a low student to-teacner
ratio and the kind ot environment m
which every parent wants their
child to learn
Ninety-five percent of our 1964
graduating class were accepted
into their first choice college
ill stud
md hi
' r i- '
i. i I : II I
. :.."
' I' OHT
O" m ground! of me Mien**-Ani u*n
. M > (** '
to mm I
apart from the Blitzsteins. Yet,
one thing disclosed in conversa-
tions with Morris Rosenbaum's
two surviving children. Dr.
Katherine Sturgis and Louise
Rosskam. and their nephew.
Edward Rosenbaum, is that the
family may not have been of
(ierman descent, that Morris'
father was a Russian Jew.
Solomon Hosenbaum. a
soldier, was sent by the czar to
Hungary in 1848 to suppress
the freedom fighters Badly
wounded in the fighting, he was
befriended by the citizens of
Nagyvarad, According to family
legend, when he expressed the
desire to remain in Hungary, he
was hidden in a barrel by the
townspeople In addition.
Robert Rosenbaum. Edward's
father, suspects that the family
name was not Rosenbaum but
Even more interesting.
Solomon married a woman
named Katerina Boczan.
Research has disclosed that the
Boczans were originally a
Catholic family. But at some
point, they refused to pay the
10 percent tithe tax demanded
by the church and converted to
How and when Morris Rosen
baum came to America is
unknown. Katherine Sturgis
believes he arrived when he was
in his late teens, without monev,
but in the company of two other
youths Charles Sessler, of
book store fame, and Kiva
Schwartz, who began here as a
peddler and opened a depart
ment store in Chester. Rosen
baum apparently left to avoid
conscription in the Hungarian
army. In America, they all
became millionaires and
remained lifelong friends.
Morris first settled in upstate
New York, where he worked for
the Singer Sewing Machine
Company. Only later did he
come to Philadelphia, lured here,
Sturgis assumes, by the
presence of Sessler.
Another story. possibly
apocryphal, explains Morris'
involvement with selling schiffs-
His first job in Philadelphia
was with a steamship company
"But at some point the business
got into trouble," Edward
Rosenbaum explains, "and was
stormed by its irate customers.
Morris jumped up on the
counter, delivered an impaa-
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Friday, August 3, 1984 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 9
Morris and Hannah Roaenbaum, whose bank grew along with
early Jewish immigration to the United States via the port of
sinned speech to the assembled,
turbulent mob, saying that if
the people trusted him, he
would put things right. The
customers decided to give him a
chance, and he made a success
of the defunct agency."
Wheter or not the story is
true, it sounds right, at least in
spirit, for Morris Rosenbaum.
Both his daughters remember
.^^hirn as a staunchly Victorian,
^^:i'.it"cratic gentleman who was
^r meticulous about following the
i letter of the law. He dressed the
part, in what Sturgis describes
as stiff-bosomed white shirts
and white cambric ties." Like
many other rich men in the
early part of this century, he
was civic-minded, serving on
boards and committees, and
considered himself the protector
of the poor.
Though he had money, he
would not buy a car or join a
country club or send his
children to private schools, as
that would separate him from
his neighbors. He was a member
of Congregation Rodeph Shalom
and insisted that an elaborate
Shabhat dinner be served every
X Friday evening. The bank,
however, was open on Satur-
Louise Kosskam is uncertain
ol the depth of her father's
commitment to religion. His
large library at 1821 Diamond
s' was filled with philosophical
works, and he was a self-taught
intellectual. Yet he did believe
>''" r,.000 years of Jewish
tradition had to be preserved.
He was very involved with his
l^rV'hildren there were five boys
and three girls but on a
--'formal footing. "I remember
that we had to put our lessons
on his bureau every night."
siurgi8 says. "He looked them
over, and if there was a word
rmspelled or something wrong.
he would send for us in the
morning first thing and
have us correct it.
"When we came downstairs
for breakfast we had to walk
over to Father, who sal at the
head of the table, and shake
hands with him and say. 'Good
["orning. Father." We never
*%- -^S9ed him. Then he'd say.
C>ood morning. Katharine. Have
you said your prayers?' And if I
ooked doubtful, he'd say. 'Well.
*t s hear them again.'
Then he'd look at my shoes.
n? d they needed shinning.
he d ssy. 'Your shoes are dirty.
1J>rty shoes are Uke a dirty
face.' And I wasn't permitted to
come back to the table until
they were polished."
But for all his rules. Morris
Rosenbaum was remembered as
a tender-hearted man. He set
aside time to listen to the
problems of his immigrant
patrons, whether they came to
his house or to the bank.
Kosskam tells of one man who
asked her father what to do
about his wife, who no longer
wanted to cook. 'All of a
sudden she's so American! he
told my father. I don't know
what my father told him, but
this was the sort of thing people
consulted him about. And he
was always very patient with
In addition, Morris Rosen-
baum, who spoke many
languages, met the boats at the
Washington Street Station and
helped immigrants get settled.
Sturgis recalls one incident in
particular. "My father
befriended a young boy named
Lazar Kaditz. who later became
a famous artist. He was crying
and crying because nobody had
come to meet him. Father
brought him home to Diamond
Street not to the office
and asked him what he wanted
to do until his relatives were
found. Lazar said he'd like to
paint a picture of a sculpture we
had in the house called The
Beggar Boy.' It stood on a
white marble pedestal in one of
the rooms.
"So father got him a piece of
canvas, a knife that was like a
spatula and some oil paints
dark greens, whites and grays.
And the young man did a
beautiful picture of 'The Beggar
Boy,' which stayed around the
house, unframed. for years.
"Father found Lazar's
family," Sturgis continues.
"And some time later, Father
spoke to his good friend. Judge
(Mayer) Sulzberger, and they
made arrangements for Lazar to
go to art school. That was the
last we heard of the young man
for awhile. But years later.
Father received a letter from
him. Lazar said that he hadn't
forgotten all Father had done
for him. He had just been
waiting until he was good
enough to paint Father's
portrait. But my stubborn
father wouldn't hear of it. He
thought it was vanity."
Like other ethnic bankers,
Morris Rosenbaum invested his
patrons' money not always
for the best. Both his daughters
believe he was very forward-
looking in his investments.
"Father understood that the
city would expand to the west,"
Sturgis relates, "and also out
toward what's now the airport
area. He foresaw the 30th Street
Station and bought houses
around 31st and Chestnut. He
also bought 52 acres near the
"He was right, of course. But
he simply bought too early.
Taxes ate up everything before
anybody moved out there."
And in the end, Morris
Rosenbaum, like the Blitzsteins.
could not control the state of
American economy. When the
Great Depression hit. there were
runs on both banks. Neither one
became insolvent. They
eventually paid back all of their
Rosskan recalls that as things
worsened for her father, she was
told she would have to leave
college. "I was such an idiot
kid," she confesses. "I said that
we'd just sell apples. And then
my father cried."
Blitzstein's and Rosenbaum's
were phased out, and an era
truly came to an end. Sam
Hlit/.stein didn't mind. Morris
Rosenbaum, however, did not
long survive the demise of his
The Rosenbaum bank build-
ing, unlike Blitzstein's, still
stands today. A trip down to
603-605 S. Third St. is a lesson
in history. After the bank failed,
the building was used as a
synagogue for a time. No one
knows what congregation was
involved, but on the second
floor, there are murals depicting
scenes of the Holy Land, signed
by N. Balk.
Cafe Nola has recently
purchased the building, and
renovations have begun. But
touches of the past still remain:
the fancy grillwork and carved
stone on the facade speak of an
age when great fortunes were
made. If you look closely, you
can see the outline of the first
owner's name in the stone over
the front entrance M.
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Page 10 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Friday, Auguat 3, 1984
Historic agreement to give Spanish jews civil and religious status
head of Spain Jewish commu-
nity disclosed here that final de-
tails are being concluded on an
historic agreement, a "concor-
dat" between the government of
Spain and the Jewish commu-
nity, defining and protecting the
civil and religious status of the
Jewish community in Spain.
Samuel Toledano. secretary-
general of the Federation of
Jewish Communities of Spain,
the representative body of
Spanish Jewry, made this dis-
closure at a meeting with
leaders of 30 national Jewish
Toledano said that the Span-
ish Jewish community, number-
ing some 12.000 persons, is
striving to preserve Jewish life
with "dignity and pride" in a
country where Jewish life has
been absent for five centuries.
He reported that agreement
with the Spanish government on
the concordat will finally give
legal sanction and protection to
Jewish communal concerns.
Among the important provisions
agreed upon are that:
Jewish communal property
like that of the Catholic Church
will be tax exempt; the Federa
tion will formally be given
Hal I and ale Jewish Center series
Hallandale Jewish Center has
announced its Sunday evening
show series for the coming
November 18: Irving Fields.
Peppy Fields. plus trio:
December 23: Broadway
Tonight and Cohen:
January 13: The Max Perlman
show; February 17: Cantonal
concert featuring cantors Zvi
Adler. Hyman Adler. Benjamin
Adler, Moshe Adler. and Jacob
Danziger: March 24: Patrice
Series tickets are available at
the center. 416 NF 8th Avenue.
Hallandale. All seats are
reaerved. Individual show
ticket* if available, will go on
sale one week before the per-
formance. Call 454-9100 for more
offical status as the Jewish
representative to the govern-
ment on a par with other faiths;
students will be given the right
not to take exams on Jewish
holidays nor will Jewish soldiers
be obligated to serve on such
days (services would be "made
up" on Sundays and Christian
holidays): the Jewish commu-
nity will have access to state
television and a regular weekly
Jewish program is to be ini-
tiated; and protection of Jewish
cultural patrimony is to be gua-
Toledano told the Jewish
leaders that the Spanish gov-
ernment had appointed him a
member of the commission
organizing the 500th anniver-
sary of Columbus's discovery of
America in 1492 When he
pointed out to the government
that the year had significance
"for another event" (the expul-
sion of Spanish Jewry) it was
decided that this anniversary
also would be marked by an ap-
propriate commemoration.
In addition, the Spanish gov-
ernment, jointly with the
WJCongress, is undertaking to
organize observances in connec-
tion with the 860th anniversary
of the birth of Maimonides, the
medieval Jewish scholar and
physician, at his birthplace in
Cordoba, Toledano said.
Although formal diplomatic
relations between the two coun-
tries are not maintained, there is
in fact an "Israeli Ambassador"
in Madrid who. while technically
accredited to the world tourist
organization headquartered in
the city, ia received by the
Spanish government and treated
on a de facto basis with full
diplomatic protocol. Moreover.
Toledano noted, that, in other
spheres. particularly trade,
culture, and technology, there
are increasingly strong relations
between the two countries.
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to Israel up
NEW YORK During May
1984. 37 percent more Amer-
icans visited Israel than during
the previous May. it was
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Moshe "^hosham. Israel's
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"Americans are visiting Israel
in unprecedented numbers
Shoshani stated From January-
through May of 19H4. 26 percent
more Americana visited Nrael
(than in the same months of
where shopping is o pleosure 7 days o week
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Friday, Auguat 3, 1984 The Jewiah Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 11
'Contempt, Soviet style
hirty-two years ago in the
cellars of Moscow's Luby-
Prison, on August 12,
after months of torture and
ogation, 24 of the leading
ih writers, artists and poets
executed, culminating
's campaign to destroy
sh life in the Soviet Union.
Dugh the Soviet Union has
khird largest Jewish commu-
| in the world, it is the only
try without a single Jewish
Dl for children. Even private
ping of Hebrew is a
lion of KGB "rules" and
Mi activists teaching
|ew in their homes in small
ps of three to six people
been threated with impris-
km for "anti-Soviet
wish scientists requesting
jve for Israel are now being
Ded of academic degrees
This is contempt Soviet
However, the newest
may be the ultimate in
contempt for human
An official front group
the "Anti-Zionist Com-
of the Soviet Public,"
branches in several cities
formed last year. The Com-
simply announced that
{ration has stopped
ise Jews who want to have
ly done so." To add insult
Jjury the Committee made
)f prominent Soviets of
kh descent linked and
ed "Zionism with the
ks of Nazi Germany." Only
hid Western outcry will
^nt the Soviets from perpe-
lg such contempt. Thou-
i/J/r- coot
June 24 to Sept 4
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v ... ..
-J40SW.1. AVE
sands of Soviet Jews "have been
refused permission to leave and
their names and addresses are
C" lie knowledge and can fill
ks. Hundreds and hundreds
of Americans correspond with
them, have visited them and can
testify to their tragic stories.
The reverberations of that in-
famous night of August 12,
1952. are still being felt
amongst Soviet Jews. They are
not free to learn about their
past and unable to carve out a
future; is it any wonder so
many want to leave? Shouldn't
they be able to?
LEYB KVITKO (1893-19521
Day grows darker
And darker.
(iangs come nearer to the town,
Gangs muddled with blood
From killing children hardened,
Coming closer zealously greedy,
Cutting heads.
Kxhausted. terrified heads.
And my head too,
My head that's yet so young,
And too my heart,
Tha lullabied deep inside the joy
of love,
... A survivor tragic
Will enumerate the slain.
My dead name will he write
Along with many others in let-
ters small
On a lengthy list.
Oh, may he not forget at least
To note on that long list
How old I was!
Let him leastwise note,
That my heart was bloody
That strong, like fear, was my
will to live.
Strong and crazed.
Like my final day.
translated by Herbert H. Paper
On Russian fields, in the twi-
lights of winter!
Where can one be lonelier, where
can one be lonelier?
The doddering horse, the
squeaking sleigh,
the path under snow that is
my way.
Below, in a corner of the pale
still dying, the stripes of a sad
fallen sun.
There, in the distance, a white
where houses lie scattered, ten
or leas,
andtheresleeps a shack,
sunk deep in the snows.
A house like the othersbut
larger, its windows .
And in that house, to which
many roads run,
I am the eldest of all the chil-
dren .
is narrow, my
And my world
circle is small:
in two weeks I 've gone once into
town if at all.
To long in the silence of space
and fields,
of pathways and byways that
snow has concealed .
To carry the hidden sorrowing
of seeds that wait and wait for
planting .
On Russian fields, in the twi-
lights of winter!
Where can one be lonelier, where
can one be lonelier?
translated by
Allen Mandelbaum
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Page 12 The Jewiah Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Friday, Auguat 3, 1984
Pioneer women claim
Gerry Ferraro as member

Geraldine Ferraro, Walter
Mondale's running mate, is a
member of Pioneer Women-
Na'amat, it waa reported by
Phyllis Sutker, national presi-
dent of the 60,000-member
The New York Democratic
Congresswoman joined the
organization on May 25 during
a meeting of the group's Kesher
Club in Forest Hills, part of
Ferraro's Congressional district.
Addressing the members of the
club, she expressed her enthu-
siasm for Israel and for Masha
Lubelsky, secretary-general of
Na'amat. whom she met during
her visit there last year.
Ferraro, one of the original
cosponsors in Congress of
legislation to move the U.S.
Embassy in Israel from Tel
Aviv to Jerusalem, told the
meeting, matter-of-factly. "It
Conference to reunite
Holocaust Survivors
unprecedented conference on
rescuers of Jews in Europe
during the Holocaust will take
place in Washington in
September, it was announced by
the U.S. Holocuast Memorial
Council. the conference's
Preparations are under way
for 500 scholars, survivors and
their rescuers. from North
America. Europe and Israel, to
participate in the gathering to
be held September 17-19.
The conference, titled "Faith
in Humankind: Recuers of Jews
During the Holocaust." is to
bring together rescuers and
those they saved "to bear
witness to what has been done
and to what could have been
done to help Jews during the
Holocaust." according to Dr.
Carol Rittner. a Catholic nun
who is the conference's coord-
Three hundred of the rescuers,
"as many as we know are still
living," have been invited, said
Sheila Summers, a spokesperson
for the Council. Many of the
conference's discussions,
meetings and oral histories will
be recorded for future use by
scholars and students. They will
be stored in Washington in the
archives of the planned U.S.
Holocaust Memorial Museum.
Among those scheduled to
attend the gathering are
Secretary of State George
Shultz and Gideon Hausner.
former Attorney General of Is-
rael and the prosecutor of Adolf
Eichmann. Author Elie Wiesel,
who is chairman of the Council,
will make the opening remarks
at the conference.
The gathering will feature full
sessions and workshops focusing
on conditions in occupied
Europe which either inhibited or
enabled non-Jews to aid Jews.
One session will be devoted to
the French community of Le
Chambon-sur-Lignon. which
during the war sheltered more
than 2.000 Jews. Among those
on the session's panel will be
Magda Trocme, wife of Pastor
Andre Trocme. Le Chambon's
leader, and some of the Jews the
community helped save.
According to Summers, the
conference proceedings will aim
to shed light on what she called
the conference's major theme,
"Who were the Righteous
Gentiles and what can we learn
from them?"
Summers said that the parti-
cipants will place the testi-
monials, scholarly insight, and
discussions presented into the
larger context: What is the
legacy of the rescuers? What
should be the place of the
Righteous Gentiles in history
books? Does their conduct
during the Holocaust alter the
relationship between Jews and
Christians? How should knowl-
edge about their behavior
during the Holocaust shape
decisions today?
The U.S. Holocaust Memorial
Council, which is responsible for
planning the U.S. Holocaust
Memorial Museum, waa estab-
u.hmA Kv Cr>nmaa in 19fi0 to
foster nationwide
of the Holocaust.
seems to me that if that's the
capital, it's the capital"
Ferraro visited refugee centers
in Lebanon and Jordan while
enroute to Israel. Referring to
the Golan Heights, she stated:
"There is no way that, if I were
Prime Minister of Israel, I
would ever agree to its being
given back to anyone."
After Mondale announced
that he had chosen Ferraro to
be his running mate. Sutker
sent her a congratulatory mes-
sage saying. "We are proud that
a woman of your high calibre
a Pioneer Woman has been
designated as a candidate for
the office of Vice President of
the United States "
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Friday. August 3, 1984 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 13
Shuns a-*1.....c,es M-
MICHELIN llFGoodrich
And here are 13 more reasons why our stores
are the best place for you and your car:
That's not just words, we put it in writing
(read our 30-day money-back guarantee).
And if you're not satisfied with any
purchase from us. we'll do our best to
make it right.
Vbu'll like the way we do business. And our
experience and integrity will save you
To better service you and your car. we have
expert mechanics, trained and certified by
the National Institute for Service
Excellence, available at our stores.
CHECKUP No purchase necessary
Drive in anytime and we'll check your tires,
alignment, balance, brakes, shocks, idler
arm, muffler, battery, belts and hoses. Free.
>bu can count on always receiving
excellent, prompt, courteous service at any
of our stores.
We carry complete inventories of all tires.
The low prices we advertise are always
backed up by an ample supply of the tires
in our ads.
m If you have a problem with any purchase,
contact the store manager where the purchase
was made. If he can't come up with a solution,
ask him for our special customer service
department number. Every possible effort is
made to keep our customers happy.
8 CLEANLINESS We offer clean, air-
conditioned waiting rooms for the convenience
of our customers.
We have modern, up-to-date equipment.
Including the latest in hi-tech computer
balancing, hi-tech alignment and special tire
changing equipment for protecting mag
SPECIALISTS Our stores are staffed
with tire specialists trained and certified in the
various features of each manufacturer's tires
and each automobile's specifications.
With 35 stores throughout Florida, we have the
strongest purchasing power of any tire
company in the state. That's how we are able
to offer you the lowest prices.
Since our first store opened in 1924, our
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Give our customers quality products and keep
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ill i
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1275 49th St 822 2500
N 25 SI I MiUm Dory Rd 593 1191
Bud & Gi"ojy Rds 55* 6656
13872 SW 86th SI 387 0128
12520 S W Hi Si 551 "4'
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St Rd 84|UJIo'Un.v D' 473-4700
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381N Stile Rd 7 587 2186
H wood Blvd iul arcs! Ol Umv Oi 435-1383
441 & A Commercial Blvd 73V2772
N Unn Or t McliaD Rd 721-4700
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515 Soutn Dii* 632 4161
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2604 South 4th St 464-8020
755 21st Street 567 1174
907 voluiia Ave 255 7467
20651 TamanvTr 774 4443
15135 McGregor Blvd 482 8880

Page 14 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Friday. Auguat 3. 1984
These seven children were recently photograph-
ed at theJCC's Camp Kadima. '/^P****~
The Jewish Floridian editor this week at 921-&S1V,
their prize will be an 8x10 black and white glossy
enlargement of the photo, unframed.
Photos by Art Harrf*
"I'm just tucking my shirt in"
The Rabbi blew bubble gum
Straight-faced future member of the Mossad
Ifs Easy to Feel Like a Million
Without Spending a Dime
At first glance, it's just a living room
filled with furniture Or maybe it's
a garage filled with tools Or a closet
filled with clothes
It might not be worth much to you.
but to us it's worth millions It's worth
medicine and medical supplies for
indigent residents of the Miami Jewish
Home and Hospital for the Aged
Everything you donate to the
Douglas Gardens Thrift Shops is
tax-deductible Of course, we will be
glad to pick up your merchandise at
your convenience A licensed
appraiser is available upon request.
Call the Douglas Gardens Thrift
Shops when you re-decorate your
home, clean out your garage and
straighten up your closets.
it s that easy And you'll feel like a
million without spending a dime
751-3988 981-8245 (Broward)
5713 NW 27th Ave
3149 Haliandale Beach Blvd
Irving Cypen Chairman ol the Board
Harold Beck. PraKJeni
Aa/on Kravrtz. Chairman. Thrift Shop
Frad 0 Hirt. Executrva Director
FJeligious directory
Congregation I,evl Ylurbok Uibavllch, 1290 E Hallandale Heath Blvd .
Haliandale. 488-1877 Kabbl Rafael Tennenhaus Daily eervtcea7 Kim.10
mlnutei before sundown. Sabbath services. 7 SO p.m SabbaU) morning. 0
o'clock. Sundays. 8.SO am Religious school. Grades 1 Nursery school.
Monday through Knday
Voung Israel of Hollywood 3281 Stirling Koad. 988-7877 Rabbi Edward
Davis Dally services. 7 30a m sundown. Sabbath aervlcea. one hour before
sundown. Sabbath morning. 9 o'clock; Sunday."* m
Hallandale Jewish (enter 418 NE 8th Ave 454 9100 Rabbi Carl Klein
Dally services. 8 SO am. USD p.m ; Sabbath. T p.m ; Sabbath morning.
8 40 a m
Temple Beth Shalom 1400N 46th Ave.. Hollywood. 981*111 Kabbl Morton
Malavsky Dally services. 7 48 am sundown, Sabbath evening. 8.IB
o'clock. Sabbath morning, 9 o'clock Religious school Kindergarten-*
Temple Beth Am 97S0 Stirling road. Hollywood; 431-AlOu RaBBI Barnard
P Shotcr Services Sunday. Monday and Thursday, g a.m ; Sabbath, g p.m .
Sabbath morning. 8:4ft o'clock Religious school: Nursery Bar MlUvah.
Judalca High School.
Temple Israel of Mlraraar 8920 SW Sftth 8t ; mi 1 TOO Kabbl Raphael
Adler Dally services. 8 SO a m Sabbath. 8 pm, Sabbath morning. ft 46
o'clock Kellglous School pre kindergarten -8
Temple BkeaJ i*ji Johnson 8t., Hollywood: 930 1877 Rabbi Blchju-d J
Margolls 8 p.m.; Sabbath morning. 9 am Religious school: Pre-
klndergarten Judalca High School.
Temple Rets. El 1361 S. I4lh Ave Hollywood. 930 g2 Rabbi Samuel Z
Jaffe Sabbath evening 8 p.m Sabbath morning u am HellgeOU* school
Grades K 10
- Pembroke Plnaa Oanaral Hoapltal auditorium. 23*1
University Drive. Pembroke Plnaa: 4*1 MM Rabbi Bennett Oraanapon
Sabbath services. I 18 p m Kellglous school Pre kindergarten -1
Temple Aelel 8100 Sheridan St Hollywood a9-C0O8 RaBbl Robert P.
rrailn Sabbath services gift p.m.; Sabbath morning. 10 o'clock
Religious school Pr school-13
BOON IT at - 11*01 w Broward Blvd. Plantation I'lMM lUBblEURK
kldell Sabbath servVes, I 18 pm Reugaoua achool Pre kindergarten-I

the other Hollywood"

"h Community
South Broward
fung singles (20-40)
summer dance,
Aug. 4 at 9 p.m.
Wintry Club. 4600
"* Admission $3
*6 non-members.
D J. free valet
ish bar.
now in
[the Jewish Com-
Iffi QL .Smith
programs, located on Taft St. in
Pembroke Lake*. Hurry and
enroll your pre-schooler for a
well rounded academic and
creatively enriched day. Arts
and crafts, dramatics, physical
education, cooking, as well as an
introduction to the academics
fills your childs' day. Class sizes
are limited, due to our small
student-teacher radio. Some of
our programs include moms and
tots, playgroup, pre-school and
pre-kindergarten, as well as day
care and enrichment programs
Friday, August 3, 1984 The Jewiah Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 15
The Chaplain's Corner
Why we fast on Tisha B 'Av
This Shabbat is called
"Shabbat Chazan" from the
first word of the Haftorah
(Prophetic Portion). This is *.he
third of the three Haftorahs of
Admonition recited in the weeks
prior to Tisha B'Av the Fast
of Av, which begins at sundown
on Monday evening. The
prophet Isaiah admonishes the
people of the dangers inherent
in the good life. He reminds the
Israelites that if their lives
become too comfortable and
they neglect their religious
obligations, they will bring
trials and tribulations upon
their lives.
People often ask, "What kind
of holiday is Tisha B'Av that
weddings are not performed
during the three weeks proceed-
ing?" They are surprised to
learn that it is a day of col-
lective mourning and fasting. It
commemorates the many trage-
dies that have befallen our
people. Sephardic Jews call it
"The Black Fast." Both temples
in Jerusalem were destroyed on
this date. The city of Bethar fell
in 135 and the Bar Kochba
uprising against Rome
In 136 The Emperor Trojan
ordered Jerusalem plowed under
and sown with salt. King
Edward ordered the Jews
expelled from England in 1290.
The expulsion of the Jews from
Spain ikcured in 1492. We also
remember the tragedies that
befell our people during the
Crusades in 1096. the Black
Plague in 1348 and the Chmiel-
nitzky massacres in 1648.
We know so little of our
history, yet we know that we
have a State of Israel and a
capital in Jerusalem. So many
people ask, "Why do we
continue to mourn and fast on
Tisha B'Av?"
That question was once asked
of the late Dr. Mordechai
Kaplan. His answer is most
meaningful in that he first re-
phrased the question. "Is being
given a new lease on life suf-
ficient reason for the Jewish
people to dispense with Tisha
B'Av as a day of mourning and
His answer was no. His first
reason was that a new lease on
life does not render us perman-
ently secure, and Israel is not
permanently secure and dare not
forget past disasters.
Second, a new lease on life is
reality for Jews living in Israel,
but the restorative influence of
the State of Israel is still
problematical. We in the
Diaspora still live in the shadow
of those disasters marked by
Tisha B'Av.
Third, as a mark of decency
ana selt-respect, we owe it to
those who perished in the
Holocaust, and every other
martyrdom of our people to
remember their unspeakable
He also mentioned that we
should fast on Tisha B'Av to
protect against the destruction
of the cultural and spiritual life
of our three million brethren
behind the Iron Curtain.
Finally, we ought to fast in
protest against man's reliance
upon ultimate destructive
weapons and against the failure
to explore alternatives in seek-
ing international security and
Israel contracts NASA for
test aboard space flight
hornets nest will be Israel's
contribution to a scientific
investigation aboard an
American space flight later this
year. Science Minister Yuval
Neeman announced. It will be
the first time an Israeli medical
and scientific experiment will be
conducted on a U.S. space
vehicle at U.S. expense, he said.
Neeman said the purpose of
the mission is to advance
research into the human middle
ear and its effect on balance.
Researchers at Tel Aviv Univer-
sity have learned that a species
of hornet prevelant in Israel has
a tiny organ which enables the
insects to maintain balance. The
organ will be analyzed under
conditions of zero gravity in
space and the findings may
advance knowledge about the
human balancing mechanism
believed to reside in the middle
Neeman said final approval of
the Israeli experiment was
received from Mission Control in
Houston. According to Neeman,
American efforts to study
hornets in space have failed to
date because the hornets died.
"Let us hope our hornets
survive the experience," he said.
in fall
Mayor Teddy Kollek cracked his
leg and badly cut his arm in an
accidental fall last week. His leg
is in plaster and his arm heavily
bandaged but he is back at
work despite the discomfort he
is suffering
We Hope
You Never Need Us
But If You Do
Call Mrs. Evelyn Sarasohn
City Memorial
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Page 16 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward- Hollywood Friday, August 3, 1984
Great Taste
with Low Tan
That's Success!

Warning: The Surgeon General Has Determined
That Cigarette Smoking Is Dangerous to Your Health.

9 mg. "tif". 0.7 mq. ncotm tv ptr cigarette. FTC Report FEB. "84.

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