The Jewish Floridian of South Broward

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Material Information

Title:
The Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Running title:
Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood
Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood
Uncontrolled:
Jewish Floridian of South County
Physical Description:
Newspaper
Language:
English
Publisher:
Fred Shochet
Place of Publication:
Hollywood, Fla

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Hollywood (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Broward County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Broward -- Hollywood

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 13, no. 23 (Nov. 11, 1983)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issue for July 7, 1989 called no. 11 but constitutes no. 13.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Numbering in masthead and publisher's statement conflict: Aug. 4, 1989 called no. 14 in masthead and no. 15 in publisher's statement.
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44513894
lccn - sn 00229542
ocm44513894
System ID:
AA00014306:00013

Related Items

Related Items:
Jewish Floridian
Preceded by:
Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood


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Full Text
Thejewish
rkfrfcten
South Broward
14 Number 11
Hollywood, Florida Friday, May 25.1984
'' fndSfiocl*t
Price 35 Cents
isada
>w that they've
Ide a TV movie
>ut it, can it really
i that the cen-
ies-old story is
>re fiction than
t? Page 7.
ratifies
denizens of
[lov, some of
>m have eaten
inges maybe even
or six times
fore, gloriously
leeze every bit of
out of this one. A
lish short story,
English, con-
led from last
ie. Page 3.
nferopol
>a Ben Yamin
ills life 63 years
in Russia. In this
lallment, he is
ig with his sister
the Crimean
linsula and ped
her kreplach on
[street. Page 4.
41
Opposition shows sharp differences
on Lebanon and West Bank
JERUSALEM (JTA) -
Two Israeli opposition
party leaders have crit-
icized existing government
policies on such sensitive
subjects as Jewish settle-
ments on the West Bank
and the insistence on
withdrawal of troops from
Lebanon linked to Syria's
withdrawal.
Labor Party Chairman
Shimon Peres said he
would almost immediately
cut in half Jewish settle-
ment activities in heavily
Arab populated areas of
the West Bank; and would
immediately end the
confrontation in Lebanon
by pulling Israeli forces
back to a flexible line on
Israel's northern border.
Former Defense
Minister Ezer Weizman,
head of the new Yahad
Party, said Israel should
adopt a more realistic
policy in Lebanon by
recognizing Syria's
permanent interests there.
He said he felt that an
agreement with Syria
could be reached, judging
from past positive expe-
riences with Damascus.
Peres said he would
maintain a security zone in
the West Bank while
halving settlement
activity. He said that as a
means of inducing King
Hussein of Jordan to enter
the peace process, he
would offer three options.
The negotiations could
begin without prior condi-
tions by either side; Labor
would not insist on the
Camp David formula but
would be willing to nego-
tiate on the basis of
United Nations Security
Council resolutions 242
and 338 which Jordan
has accepted; or Israel
would be willing to accept
President Reagan's
Continued on Page 4
South Broward celebrated the 36th anniversary of the birth
of the State of Israel during Yom Ha'atzmaut Sunday May
13 at Young Circle. Coinciding with Mother's Day,
volunteers passed out free white carnations to women who
attended.
Wiesenthal:
Vatican assisted escape off Nazi Rauff in 1946
NEW YORK (JTA) in the Vatican, possibly 1946.
Documents released re- even Pope Pius XII, The Wiesenthal Center
cently by the Simon helped Nazi war criminal renewed its call on the
Wiesenthal Center here Walter Rauff escape his Vatican and the Chilean
imply that major figures U.S. Army captors in government to extradite
Rauff, and to conduct an
investigation into the
church's post-World War
II activities.
However, Rauff died
less than a week after the
documents were released.
Doctors said death came
"after a long and painful
lung disease" caused by
lung cancer. He was 77
and had been ill for a long
time.
An Israeli Embassy
spokesman in Santiago
said the case is now
closed. "The problem with
Mr. Rauff is now solved.
God has tried him."
Rauff, a former SS
colonel, was accused of
gassing at least 200.000
Jews in mobile death
vans, often disguised with
Red Cross emblems.
Rauff was a high-
ranking gestapo official in
Italy in 1943 through the
last days of the war in
Continued on Page 2
ion of hi. leadership and community service. Otto Stieber receives an award from
DUye ewcuUve dfrector of the JFSB From It*. TW\*WWmm, Campaign
Hi? PhUbTLevin. JFSB president; Dr. Saul Singer. Big Gift. Phase chairman;
*r BeachCampaign chairman; Evelyn Stieber. Women'. Dtvuion Campaign vice
-Jumner Kaye; Nancy Brixel. Women1. Divtoion president.
JFSB campaign
passes $6.4 million
The Jewish Federation of South Broward ha*
reached S6.45 million raised as the 1983-84 campaign
draws to a close.
Sumner Kaye, Executive Director of the JFSB,
said this figure represents $5,950,000 raised this year in
the general campaign, and $500,000 raised for Project
Renewal. Money for the latter goes to help our "sister"
community in Israel, Hod Hasharon.
This is a 13 percent increase over last year's
campaign, when the Federation raised $5.7 million,
including money for Project Renewal. About 70 percent
of the money Federation allocates for services goes to
Continued on Page 2


Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Friday. May 25. 1984
Wiesenthal: Vatican assisted escape of Nazi Rauff in 1946
Continued from Page 1
1945. He was captured by
the Allies and moved to an
Allied detention center in
Rimini, Italy, a place from
which he later escaped.
Six months prior to his
escape, documents note,
20 Nazis escaped along a
"route linked directly to
Vatican officials."
Rauff is quoted as
saying he escaped from
Rimini at the end of 1946
and went to Naples.
"There I was helped by
Catholic priest to go to
Rome where I stayed more
or less 18 months, always
in convents of the Holy
See." Rauff told the
Chilean Supreme Court in
1962 when it reviewed an
extradition request from
West Germany for the
Nazi war criminal. The
request was later denied.
He also told the court,
according to documents,
that later, "with the help
of the Catholic Church my
family was able to come
from the Russian zone in
Germany to Rome." After
being reunited with his
family, Rauff went to
Syria, then to Ecuador
and finally to Chile. He
does not have Chilean
citizenship and travels on
a German passport.
The Center's contention
today is that while the
name of the priest who
helped Rauff in Italy
during the 18 months is
not known for certain,
there was a relationship
between Rauff and two
leading church officials
during the war and that it
is unlikely that Rauff did
not in some way contact
them, or mentioned their
names in order to obtain
Campaign over $6.4million
Continued from Pag* 1
assist social programs for Jews in Israel and overseas,
while most of the remainder is spent on social services
here in South Broward.
Included in services funded locally are the Jewish
Community Centers of South Broward. the Jewish
Family Service, the Home for the Aged at Douglas
Gardens, and more.
We are especially pleased to pass $6 million." said
JFSB campaign chairman Ted Newman, "because this
means there will be that much more money in the pot
for our constituent agencies in the community and for
Israel.
"And with the annual inflation rate in Israel now
running about 400 percent, which is twice as high as it
was even last year, the demand for additional money
there is outrunning the supply." he said.
JEWISH FEDERATION OF SOUTH BROWARD
4Ut ANNUAL MEETING
Thursday. June 14. 1984
5:30 p.m.
Emerald Hills Country Club. Hollywood
1984-85 PROPOSED SLATE OF
OFFICERS AND BOARD OF DIRECTORS
Philip A. I^vin. M.D.........................President
Saul Singer. M.D.......................Vice-President
Elbe Katz.............................Vice-President
Esther Gordon.........................Vice-President
Elaine Pittell...............................Secretary
Howard Barron. M.D........................Treasurer
Board of Directors
Members to be elected to a 3-year term expiring with the
Annual Meeting of 1987:
Al Cohen Phibp A Levin. M.D.
George Crane, M.D. Joyce Newman
Morris Deakter Jerald RaUcoff
Mara Giulianti Joel Schneider. M.D.
Harold Goldberg Stephen Schoenbaum. M.D
Ralph Grant Joseph Terkiel
Sylvia Kalin Herbert Tolpen
James Kofman
Continuing Board Member*
Howard Barron. M.D. Stanley Marguues. M.D
Joseph Bloom Norman Morrison
Herbert Brizel. M.D. Michael Orlove
Lewis E. Cohn Elaine Pittell
Nelson Dembs Robert S. Pittell. M.D.
Meral Ehrenstein Morris Ratner
Marc Gilbert Delia Rosenberg
Al Golden Carl Rosenkopf
Esther Gordon Ronald J. Rothschild
Rabbi Bennett Greenspon David Sachs. D.D.S.
Herbert Grossman Ben Sailer
Kabbi Samuel Z. Jaffee Marge Saltzman
Alan J.Kan Nat Sedley
hllie Katz Marilyn Segal
Herbert D Katz Saul Singer. M.D.
Philip A Levin. MI) OttoStieber
Rabbi Morton Ma lav sky Milton M Winograd
safe haven
Documents provided by
the Counter Intelligence
Corps (CIO. later U>
become the Central Intelli-
gence Agency (CIAI. note
the numerous meetings
Rauff had with Monsignor
Don Giuseppe Bichierai.
and Cardinal Ildefonse
Schuster, the Archbishop
of Milan.
"These were no ordinary
churchmen," Hier said.
Cardinal Schuster was
one of the most respected
and powerful leaders of the
Church. He was mentioned
as a possible successor to
Pope Pius XI. Msgr.
Bichierai was both a priest
and a lawyer, charged
with conducting surrender
negotiations on behalf of
the Cardinal.'"
The negotiations both
with Mussolini and the
Nazis, were according to
Sister Pascalina an aide
and confidante to Pope
Pius XII "carried out
through the Archdiocese of
Milan at the specific
request of Pope Pius
XII." Hier said.
Rauff was a key figure
in those negotiations and
had a close relationship
with Bicchiersi." Hier
said, adding that they ex-
changed personal ^ifts and
Kauff circumvented an
order from ;i gestapo chief
to arrest Huihierai This
and other information
provides evidenoa that the
Church knew who Rauff
was since he regularly
communicated with it for a
period of two years. Hier
said
After escaping Rimini.
Hier contends that when
Rauff was in Italy "it is
reasonable to conclude
that Kauff would have told
the priests who helped him
all about his good
standing with Bicchierai
and Schuster." It is even
possible to believe" that
the two church officials
knew of Rauff's long stay
in 'convents of the Holy
See" during those 18
months. Hier contended.
"It is also reasonable to
presume that Pope Pius
XII would have known
about Walter Rauff as he
monitored the ultimately
fruitless negotiations for
the surrender of Nazi-
occupied Italy." Hier said
Hier is asking for an
investigation into the facts
pertaining to Rauff's post
war stay in Rome.
Significant in all the
information released,
according to Hier. is the
relationship Rauff
maintained with church
officials during the war
He said that it has been
previously assumed that
Rauff went to Italy and
was treated as any other
refuge*'
But Hier contended that
because of his long-stand-
JDf with high ranking
church officials. Rauff
went u> Rome as a "well-
connected man in church
circles Our implications
are that he would have
surely told this priest"
who helped him of his con-
tacts during the war with
Shuster and Bicchierai.
Continuing. Hier said it
is impossible to determine,
because Vatican archives
are closed, whether
"Schuster and Bicchierai
knew anything about
Rauff's stay in Rome.
They may have. Indeed it
is logical to assume that
somebody may have
checked with them since
Rauff would have used
their names."
Among other facts con-
tained in the documents
released by the Center
were the following:
e The U.S. State
Department authorized an
official complaint to the
Vatican Secretariat of
State asking for church
intervention into charges
detailed in the La Vista
Report The 1947 La Vista
report, written by Vincent
La Vista, a U.S. foreign
service officer in Rome.
called the Vatican the
"largest single organiza-
tion invovled in the illegal
movement of emigrants,"
including Nazis. The U.S.
complaint was transmitted
to the Vatican in the form
..I an "oral message" in
August 1947
Kauff traveled to Swit-
zerland during the war to
meet with a Prof Huss-
man of the Swig,
gence with the know
of Allen Dulles |3
the Office of sT
Services, who later |
director of the CIA
A U.S. fa,
report on RaUff
that he was a
man who brought
hn political
sterism to nr
perfection
"... everlasting
towards the allies
A confidential y
report, which linked
escape route of 20
from Rimini d*.
c^np >n 1948 dirSn
the Vatican, also k
the International
Cross as "a haven for]
passage of agents.'
report recoi
"curtailment of
services of the 1
tional Red Cross.
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Friday, May 25,1984 / The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-HoUywood Page 3
Jewish terror against Arabs causes soul-searching
1ECHEMIA MEYERS
rlphia Jewish Exponent
|OVOT The revelation
irish terrorists, some of
giving in Gush Emunim
ents in Judea and
were willing to kill
|s of Arab man, women
Ddren is causing s state of
soul-searching among
strongest supporters of
ent movement.
lical reaction has come
afessor Reuven Yaron of
University, a former
the Israel Broadcasting
it y who waa appointed by
Had the bombing
led, Yaron argued, "It
have almost certainly led
ss of Judea and Samaria.
readiness by the outside
tolerate our presence
I he explained, "depends to
| extent upon our constant
Sective determination to
s reasonable degree of
nd trsnquility for the non-
population of the area. A
ith would have created a
climate in which the
fient of Israel would have
found it difficult, if not totally
impossible. to resist the
tremendous pressures brought to
bear upon it.
Failing to understand how the
plotters did not comprehend this
fact, Yaron called for an intensive
education effort by the country's
political and religious leaders to
convince all Israelis that "the
road of terror can lead only to
calamity and chaos."
After some initial hesitation,
most Gush Emunim leaders have
echoed Yaron. Daniella Weiss,
who lives in Kedumim, said the
time has come for the Gush "to
reconsider its educational
values." However, a much
smaller group, led by Rabbi
Moshe Levinger of Hebron, is
implicitly defending the Jewish
terrorists by arguing that they
would not have acted if the
government had provided
adequate protection against Arab
terror.
Another question being
debated is: Does the Jewish
underground consist of people
who simply carried to its logical
conclusion the Gush ideology
that the entire land of Israel
belongs totally and forever to the
Jewish people, or is it only a
small group of extremists for
whom the Gush as a whole should
not be blamed?
The Jerusalem Pott, for
instance, argued that the
underground "could not have
grown and thrived elsewhere. It
is thus legitimate to use the term
Gush underground,' without
implying that all members of the
movement supported it."
Labor Knesseter Yossi Sarid, a
superdove, attributed blame not
only to Gush Emunim, but also
to all those who support
continuing Israeli control of the
West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
"Those arrested," he said, "were
not bad people, but were
influenced by the circumstances
that developed because of the
Israeli conquest. A conquest has
a dynamic of its own. It makes
opponents seem like vermin, and
vermin can justifiably be
destroyed."
Prime Minister Yitzhai
Shamir and a host of others
disagree with Sarid's assessment.
Among them, naturally enough,
is Rabbi Chaim Druckman,
leader of the Matzad Party and
one of the spiritual fathers of
Gush Emunim. He called on all
parties and groups in Israel "to
differentiate completely between
the acts of individuals, whatever
their motives, and those who
have devoted their lives to
building and settling the entire
land of Israel."
The same view is expounded
by Ya'acov Heruti, who was
jailed in the early 1960s because,
as a member of the small
"Kingdom of Israel" under-
ground, he participated in
attacks on both Arabs and
diplomats from Eastern Europe.
Now a prosperous Tel Aviv
lawyer, Heruti today believes
terrorism cannot be justified. At
the same time, he said, the
terrorist acts of a few should not
be blamed on all those who
support Jewish settlements in
Judea and Samaria. This is no
more justified than it would have
been, he added, to blame the
actions of Udi Adiz. who spied for
the Syrians in the 1970s, upon his
entire kibbutz and party.
It is worth noting in this
context that some Jewish settle-
ments in Judea, Samaria and
Gaza have made an active effort
to come to terms with their Arab
neighbors. In recent months, a
half-dozen Arab-Jewish meetings
have been held to discuss mutual
problems, and they are
continuing despite opposition
from the PLO and supporters of
Rabbi Men* Kahane.
After the Kiryat Arba council
initiated such a get-together
some time ago, Kahane's Kach
party put up posters in the
Jewish suburb of Hebron that
read: "The council must resign
because of its disgraceful decision
to meet with Hebron Arabs.
Expulsion not co-existence
is the only solution."
Kahane and his viewpoint have
little support. But even a
relatively small group of Jewish
fanatics can, as Yaron said,
"threaten Israel's very
existence."
E IMMORTAL ORANGE'
A Yiddish short story translated into English
ted from the Philadelphia
| Exponent
xan Shneour
ited from the Yiddish by
[Spiegel
Issued from last
.ill listen i loselv to the
lg tl the fleshy, elastic
P'hr ruddy. geometrically
pieces come uway. Here
iTr when- the orange has
ing too long, howeever,
bits l the llesh are lorn
Hill i hi' skin. At such mo
Incle I n emits a gasp, as
In leli a pung in his own
Hi' ihen quickly presses in
It lil.ulr to operate on the
spot. Little by little the
is released irom its
golden integument and
erlully divided by Uncle
I jri escenls of equal size.
Jrcii." the betrothed
i|i|i..ils |o ihem as she
I.iige gublel on the table.
Jigel the seeds. Put them
They'I lie soaked and
Inted "
uililirssi-s her brothers,
[message is aimed at her
I well.
youngsters promise sup-
lieu sister's project, their
d all the while on the
>\\ crescents spread out
ill plute.
Irat benediction is pro-
| by Uncle Uri himself; he
i his slice and swallows it
listo. alter which he
[up one of his cross eyes,
the ceiling with the
ind shakes his head:
tasty, this orange!
p. children!"
jungesi boy is the first to
That is his time-
right: whenever some-
ly is involved, he comes
his father. In a treble
hat it becomes a squal,
the benediction, grabs
and gulps.
grab,'' Uncle Uri
k him calmly. "No
ing u> lake it away from
pare is the seed?'" asks
betrothed, moving ihe
ard him.
where is the seed?"
| chimes in
lowed it." The little boy
[frightened and blushes
Very ears turn red.
"You swallowed it!"
The boy's eyes fill with tears as
he glances quickly at his older
brothers. They aren't saying a
thing, but iIm' little boy knows
that Ihe harm is irreparable. No
power on earth can help him now.
From this day forward he will
have a new nickname: "Little
Seed."
The distribution of the
remaining segments of the or-
ange goes on, until it is the turn
ot ihe Talmud scholar. He takes
his portion, admires it for a mo-
ment and nibbles at it. experien-
cing as he does so both a pleasant
lasle and a delectable greeting
from Palestine, a land he dreamt
of so often in the schoolroom. For
orunges grow only in Palestine.
"Hut what about the bene-
diction?" Uncle Uri asks, fixing
the boy with his cross eyes.
"Blessed art Thou. O Lord,"
babbles the Talmud scholar, and
a bil of orange slicks in his
thin.it Ah. but the spell of the
greeting from Palestine is broken
- broken! Still Uncle Uri does
not relent; he delivers a moral
lecture lo his youthful Talmud-
ist. who really should take les-
sons from his younger brother in
saying the benediction: yes. he
ought to study up a bit: he. the
father, forsees that the Talmud-
ist will yet be a hewer of wood
and a drawer of water to the
ytungest in the family.
But at this point he recalls
something: "Feiga, why don't
you come and have a taste?"
It's a wonder he did recall it.
otherwise God knows when his
sage admonition would have
come loan end.
"That is a thing to be occupied
with, for sure," Auntie Feiga res-
ponds. She walks up. says the
benediction, and proceeds to
enjoy herself. My. my. what a
wonderful things there are in this
world!
Now the whole family launches
into a discussion of oranges.
Aunt Feiga says that if she
were a rich woman every single
day she would eat half an orange.
Her imagination simply cannot
deal with the idea of a whole one.
For how could one ever, on a
weekday, in broad daylight,
uclually devour a whole orange
that cost all of eight-and-a-half
kopecks' Uncle Uri. however.
has a much more sweeping
imagination. After all. he once
visited the fair at Nizhni Nov-
... it is the turn of the Talmud scholar. He takes his
portion, experiencing a delectable greeting from
Palestine. For oranges grow only in Palestine.
gorod. His cross eyes lit up.
Now. if he were rich, he would
order the juice squeezed from five
oranges at a time, and drink it by
the glassful. Think of that!
His wife and children are over-
whelmed by the fantasy: in their
imagination they see full glasses
of thick orange juice, topped with
white foam and with seeds
floating in them.
For a moment they sit quite
motionless, regarding with
dreamy eyes the moist yellow
seeds which the newly engaged
young lady has collected from
those who shared in the division
of the orange. She pours water
over them and counts them
through the glass. One, two,
three, four. She has all of nine
pips. Yes. in a week she will plant
them in flower pots. And after
the wedding she will take them
home with her. place the pots on
the window sill and watch the
seedlings come up under over-
turned tumblers.
You may be thinking, that
this, surely, is the end of the
story? But. you have forgotten
that the orange had peel. too.
IV
One of the youngsters has
discovered that if you squeeze a
bit of orange peel in the lamplight
it will spurt a veritable fountain
and if you spurt it into the
eyes of your little brother he will
blink. But before he has a chance
to refine his discovery, he has his
hand slapped quite hard, and all
the remaining pieces of orange
skin disappear inside Auntie
Feiga s apron.
"Theres no piece of mischief
that's too low for these good-for-
nothings just as if they were
potato peelings. Now if one could
only get s little more orange peel
it might be possible to make
some marmalade. "
But that is easier said than
done. Before one could collect
enough orange peel for mar-
malade the Messiah will have
come.
The pieces of peel are put in the
still warm oven to dry overnight.
And now the ruddy-gold scraps,
which only yesterday were still so
fresh and moist, are all wrinkled,
a dark brown, twisted and hard
as old meztuahs. Auntie Feiga
takes a sharp kitchen knife and
cuts them into strips like nood-
les, after which she dices them
small, puts them in a bottle,
pours vodka over them, sprinkles
them with sugar and lets the
bottle stand. In the vodka the
browned, dried bits of orange
skin revive, swell, blossom forth
and resume their former appear-
ance. If you pour some of this
liquor into a small glass and take
a sip of it, you can feel the taste
and the true fragrance of orange
peel.
The relatives come for a treat,
say the shekakol. the benediction
that is said over all drinks except
wine, sip of the drink, smack
their lips, and unanimously
resolve that it is good for the
stomach. As for the female rela-
tives, they try to wheedle out of
Auntie Feiga how she ever hit on
such an idea.
"There." says Uncle Zhama to
his helpmeet, "you let everything
go to waste. For you, too, had an
orange for Purim but where's
the skin? No, you had to throw it
out."
"Well, now.' Uncle Uri breaks
in, "so let's have another drop of
this," and at the same time his
cross eyes beam slyly toward
Auntie Feiga, his wife, who is so
skilled in household matters.
Again, a scrap of linen is tied
over the cork of the bottle so that
its contents will not evaporate,
and the bottle itself is put in a
closet, to let the liquid age. The
bottle stands there all by itself,
like a devout woman in a cap who
has been abandoned by her hus-
band.
Passover arrives, and the Jews
"sell" their homeu to Alexei the
water carrier, with his shock of
tousled flaxen hair. The bottle
with the pomeranlzvoskaya also
falls into the gentile's hands. For
an entire week it stands in his
house sold, forbidden; it only
just manages to survive until it is
redeemed and freed again, and
Jews with gray beards and Jew-
ish women in their marriage wigs
pronounce the prayer of bene-
diction over it, and dwell on
Auntie Feiga s miracles of house-
wifery.
Sometimes a bottle like that
can last for years. From time to
time fresh vodka will be added to
it and its contents are partaken
of. When the bits of skins on the
bottom lose their potency,
becoming soggy and colorless.
Uncle Uri takes the bottle and
shakes them out onto a small
plate.
This usually occurs on a sab-
bath night, after the havdalah
prayer when the soul of the
sabbath departs and the tedium
of everyday life comes crawling
out of all the nooks and corners.
At such a time Uncle Uri feels for
something to refresh himself with
and thinks of the juicy, sugared
bits of orange skin that have lain
so long at the bottom of the bot-
tle. He upends (if one may use so
undignified a term) the wide-
mouthed, venerable bottle over
the plate and keeps smacking its
concave bottom, hard yet gently.
Poum-poum-poo-oum! The
bottle sends its muffled rever-
beration all through the house
and out into the after sabbath
shadows of the weekday. In that
sound one hears a certain deep
and uneasy sigh: the of an old
well drained of water. It is as
though the bottle were crying out
that its soul, its last breath if life.
were being drained from it. And
the bits of golden yellow orange
peel, sticky and toothsome, slide
out over its glassy neck.
After this the bottle is quiet
again. Uncle Uri pronounces a
benediction over the leftover bits
of orange skin, takes a nibble of
them, and permits all the others
to do like wise
The children agree that, even
though these dainties bite the
tongue s trifle, one can neverthe-
less recapture in them the taste of
the vanished Purim orange
may the Kingdom of Heaven be
its lot!
But even now ss the last
shreds of the famous orange
vanish in (he house of Uncle Uri,
its descendants, from small
globes that were soaked and be-
came swollen in water, have long
since sprung up in the flower pots
planted by Uncle Uri's newly
married daughter.
From each small seed three or
four tiny leaves, sticky and
sharply pointed, have already
sprouted. The swesty tumblers
that were turned over them have
Continued on Page 7


Page 4 The Jewish Ftondian of South Broward Hollywood Friday. May 25. 1984
The Jewish
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S*Ow EncuKn Ow*or S~ a *" '' *<*<* *" "'"
nr an Tin- rUHo-wwdSw mo^os ora nrac'
Mi JTA. **> ** WWS MCA. AJPA. *
SUeSCSTlO* HATfS LC* Ara U SO ** 3 a****- o t- >*( ^*
'eotoo'Soeeo ;>.........t* iii,.oo nw eta
Oui Fnday. May 25. 19M
Volume 1 4
23 IYAR5744
Number 11
Bill to outlaw payments to Nazis
WASHINGTON (JTAl A
bill making it illegal for the
I'naed State* government to
employ or compensate Nazi war
criminal* it. any form has beer
introduced by Rep William
Lehman i D Fla >
I ..eh man said his legislation
was prompted by disclosure that
American intelligence agencies
paid Naii ar criminal Klaus
Barbie and frustrated France*
efforts to extradite Barbie
The U S role was revealed
after Barbie was expelled from
Bolivia last year to France where
he awaits trial in l.yon. where he
was chief of the Gestapo during
World War II
It m outrageous that the IS
supported and protected Nazi
war cnmnals with tax dollars
Lehman said But it is even
more unconscionable that these
immoral actions were apparently
within the la Our bil is
designed to dose this loophole
once and for all
AdeJe Liskov. a legislator
assistant to Lehman, said while
the bill ma> be symbolic since
the IS jfoxemment claims to no
longer have ex Nazis on the
payroll, she said it is still possible
that some Nazi war criminals
li\ ing abroad are being used by
\mencan intelligence She said
that even if it s a bill that
prevents one Nazi from being
paid from the U S it will be
worthwhile
Lehman bill was referred to
the House Government
Operations and the Post Office
and Civil Service Committees
Laskov said that if the bill is not
taken up m the current seasaon it
will be reantroduced by Lehman
is January
Letter: Jews and Arabs of Israel
share common destiny
EDITOR. 7Wruis* Fk>nd**
The articles in your May 11
issue on the place of Arabs in the
State of Israel brought to mind a
number of memories For
example. 1 recalled a discussion 1
had a year ago with the Jewish
general' director and the Arab
vouth director of Bet Ha Gefen in
Haifa a community center with a
membership of both Jews and
Arabs These two co-workers told
me of the many ways in which
thev sre Irving to build bridges of
understanding between the
Jewish Israelis and the Arab
Israelis with whom they deal.
I was also reminded of Interns
for Peace, an organization in
which voung Jewish volunteers
and .Arab volunteers cooperate in
assisting Jewish and Arab
villagers to come together and to
meet their day to-day needs
better I thought as well of many
other examples of Jews and
Arabs joining in common endea
vors as felkiw-otizens of the one
country in which they both live
Other memories not so
pleasant, crowded into my mind
s> ell I recalled the Jew from a
Mideastern land who. seeing a
group of Arabs in the Old CltJ
smilingly said to me. Kuiam br-
\adt.- Now they are all
under our control I remember
asking a child if she kne an>
.Arabs Her response was. Yes
the trashman Did she have any
.Arab fnends-' Oh. no''
Though Living in the same
land, their destiny intertwined by
a common citizenship, dependent
on the same government, a wide
Israel Is 83 pet-real Jewish
TF.L AVIV I JTAl Israels population Jicressaj In
percent over the past year, according to figures -htj^
the Central
I lav
Bureau of Statistics on the eve of I
The population totals 4.170 million, of which 3 tk> _>
- percenti are Jews; 552.000 (13 percenti Moslem r
percent! Christians, and 69.000 ll 7 percent! Drm,?
others
,t,p separates the Jewish
majority from the Arab minoray
When confronted with facts
such as these, the usual response
.. "So what?" or "What do you
expect?' As seen by moat Jews.
Arabs are. at beat, an irrelevancy
or an intrusion in a Jewish state
or. at worst, a fifth column and a
potential danger Jews may then
go on to point out the fact that
economically and educationally.
\rab have benefttted from
hwngin Israel, so there is really
nothing further that needs to be
done
There is something further
that needs to be done An Arab
educator 1 know in Acco has tried
to do it as he has striven to
develop in his pupils a sense of
lovaltv to the State of Israel in
hich* they live Those who
planned the recent Yotn Ha-Atz-
maut i Independence Day I ob-
servances in Israel sought to do it
when, for the first time, they m
\ ited an Arab to take part in the
torch light tig ceremomes on Mt
Herzl
Israel is a democracy of which
oclamation read by David Ben
Gunon on May 14. 194* not only
announced the i_
the Jewish State a
be called Israel. b ,
declared that tha Jew*-,
would 'uphold the full ^J
polaral eqaaaty of sU
cttiaens. without datana]
race, creed or sex [t ,,,
the country of all oi i__
Jew and non Jew Ooh a(
basis could it hop* to
allegiance of its total |
There are. undoubted;.
.Arabs who wish that thJ
might disappear and ke*|
to themselves just m tai
many Jew she harbor li
of an IwaW mth i
that is all Jewish Tn7_
however the: Jews aae ,
are going ti ronuaatttl
fellow c:-. vonti
The cor.se> .--ess that ok]
and \ra- of la-ad
common destr.) at '.nssi
make for a stronger statii
a worther aVbatJ Oaiy i
the tnajont> and the i
minors:y both kei tat;
dignity of joint paruox__
building the Iscsbb. of tairi
Rabbi ArasUA
USSR parcel agency to close
Simferopol memories
NFW YORK iJTAl A
Soviet announcement will soon
cause untold misery to many tens
of thousands of Jews and others
m the I'SSR
According to the Student
Struggle for Soviet Jewry,
agencies in the West whach ship
packages to Russian citizens with
the high duty faea prepaid have
received offaoal notice that
Vneafaposy itorg. the department
that overseas thai operation, will
shut down as of August 1
The uaiceia often
clothing and other articles of
great importance to recipients
denaed basic consumer goods
and especially vital to Jews
dismissed from their yobs for
sinking to emigrate.
The SSSJ pouted out that
another option now retnasas open
- sending packages for which
the recipaenu do not have the
money to pay the duties, and
must under any circumstances
first pay the amount, than only
find out from whom the package
sent and what A contains
Opposition shows
sharp differences
Caw
Sepumbar 1. 1962 Middle
East peace initiative at
the basis for negotiations.
while recognizing the dif-
ferent interpretations
placed on those proposals
Peres added that he
would not mind if Pales-
tinians were part of s
Jordanian delegation as
long as they were willing
to recognize Israel end
rejected terrorist methods.
With respect to
Lebanon. Peres said "it is
not wise to keep our army
abroad where they sit as s
target for hostile forces."
He said he would with-
draw to s flexible line
along Israel's border
rather than trenches and
emplacements inside
Lebanon.
The Labor Party leader
also proposed that Israel.
Egypt. Saudi Arabia and
Pagel
Jordan conclude s "Red
Sea Pact" which would
guarantee free and open
navigation through the
waterway and provide for
the "thinning out of ail
military installations along
the Red Sea.
YYeizman has yet to
disclose the names of the
rand ids tea who will join
him on the Yahad election
list But he said his new
party will place as much
emphasis on economic
matters aa on defense
because without a strong
economy the country
would be weak and
divided
He said he hoped Yahad
will win enough votes to
replace the Agudat Israel
party as the balancing
force between Labor and
Likud in any future
Cabinet
Bv ABBA BEN YAMIN
Hebrew Naaw for Abe Halperel
"What past is prologue
William Shakespeare
The Tempest Act 2. Sc I, Line 2S1
For several week* I enjoyed the reunion with
my sailer and her husband It had been 9 years
since I had last seen her and we had much to
talk about We eichanged information about
the years we were separated, recalled old times
and spoke about our plans, hopes and dreams
for the future
One of the things I learned was that our
uncle, my mother t brother had dasd the year
before He had lived m Kerch in the north-east
corner of the Crimean Peninsula, where the
Black Sea meets the Sea of Aaov
My sister was a skilled tsamitrees Our uncle
had encouraged her to leave Itchnya. our little
village in the I'kraine. and move to Crimea Ha
convinced her that she would have a much
better opportunity to make a SSSSSJ. livelihood
and have a batter life
She moved in 1912 when my father and older
brother left for America It was in Kerch that
she met her husband Following their marriage
they moved to Simferopol
BECAUSE I EXPECTED to remain with my
family for only a law weeks I did not even try
to find work I used all my spare time during
the day roammg the streets to acquaint myself
wfth the centra: part of the aty
I had no shoes but because there waa very
little rain and the wsathm was sal I ing hot. I
was able to walk barefoot without any
dascomfort
I stayed at home nights and my sister often
invited many of bar fnends to spend the
evenangs with us She delighted in showing off
her uttk brother They were all young
married coupsse wan small chsldrea For me at
that tane. not yet IS. a was a aaw experience
During my vuat to Simferopol I met no one my
C*
PL RIM, THF KM.MSGS wah company
present, there was much good talk and livery
thacussion shout books, poetry and music the
current situation in Crimea which was part of
the I'kraine. was also a favonte topee of
ooewersataon
There was some chess and checker playing
but the moat popular game was <*-~n At
first I felt ill at ease but after t ihonalwl
enjoyed taking part in the discussum atrfw|
games
There were times when m> sister isC W
husband vented their tnrnd* I a.wiyi saw |
up for them, reading magazines areayaa
and books
About 3 SjSSsaal later when mi banaec i
were almost depleted I started ssttawrs>W|
and impatient Sot wanting u be a fjaaaa I
burden to my family I told them a was w>|
me to go back home But they inaatsdthti
stay longer
At this tone a letter armed froaawaw
brother informing us that accordmf is
information received from .Amenta
take another year before se would sfi*a
start preparations for our own joanwy u
ice We also ksaraed that aWSMaTSaj
a nurse in the army had returned u
Itchnya There she kaamed about ifopsj
191" and the exodus of the entee JeesS
population of the village She flaa^koS
m Pnluki and saovad there 1b *** (
msrred a tailor and they rented asssi m
outshine of toara. My older brother ess
with them My younger brother i
orphanage at that tana
My aseter en op w*h an dm ijst *
for me to sera somTraoaey I houk* *
psddiw is the market asd food sf<
that aha would bake such at bek-vs.
So twin a
tamed all the
I
day* I
carrying a srr^: <*]*?$
-Boda Bueaws. bnJJJ
_ until the faikminfAjri m^
.the coed and better water
It was oa a aaarkat day that I f* ,
Nikolai Matveyevich Petrov. "^T^
teat, broad shouldered dean *""%
pawrsag dark eyas end a wann wawo j
tailored
i bak-a-*
He eseyed say a-ur *-** jsj
a period of time becoawa^
a During these """ek
*%&-*"'
hat 1 thought about a greet bsW
about my am hat in iw and gosi
I LEARNED A GREAT issl
p-r


Friday. May 26,1984 / The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-HoUywood Page 5
Sedley Sports Hall dedicated
iy MARILYN GRANT
Bjrrt Renewal Coordinator
jv. does a community show
ppreciation for giving it the
exist: the spirit to reverse
live trends; the desire to
both individual and collec
M-ighborhood pride?
reality there is no way to
ss such feelings, but you
/. And this attempt to say
irn people, Nat and Dina
ly. how much their efforts
[appreciated was the core of
pimple ceremony that took
recently in South
lard's Project Renewal
nunity of Gil Amal in Israel.
occasion was the visit of
\2 strong Passover Mission,
ippropriately, by Nat and
Sedley. The venue was,
bpriately. the Nat and Dina
k Sports Hall. The time
appropriately, the day
Passover, our traditional
iy of freedom.
thered in the Sports Hall, a
finished building that is
rapidly becoming the focal point
of youth activities in Gil Amal
were the visitors from Florida,
the children who use the sports
facility, members of the commu-
nity leadership, and the staff of
Hod Hasharon's Project
Renewal.
The presentation was a lovely
olive wood plaque on which was
engraved the legend "We are
proud to name Dina and Nat
Sedley Honorary Citizens of Gil
Amal-Hod Hasharon for their
devotion and generosity through
Project Renewal." But the
speeches said it far better than
the plaque could.
Nat and Dina Sedley saw the
possibilities presented by Project
Renewal long before most people
did. They recognized that here
was a vehicle that could enable
people to find the courage and
pride to do for themselves what
others had promised and never
delivered. They saw the spirit of
cooperation between the Jews the
United States and the Jews of a
given disadvantaged community
in Israel, working together to
tMV
kJTA&H
STATE OF
ISRAEL BONDS
BOUGHT AND SOLD
Invest in
Israel Securities

WERE SPECIALISTS IN
ISRAEL SECURITIES

TRANSACTIONS DAILY VIA TELEX
TO ISRAEL STOCK EXCHANGE
Leumi
better the lives of the latter. They
saw the opportunity and they did
something about it.
While other communities were
just getting started. Nat Sedley
and others like him in the South
Broward Federation were raising
money. making individual
contributions, and getting people
enthused about the Project's
possibilities.
Nat and Dina Sedley gave a
great deal of money to the
Project, and fittingly one of the
first buildings built bears their
names proudly. But they gave,
and are giving, much more. They
gave of their time, their spirit,
their belief, their confidence that
the people of Gil Amal could
better their lot.
They visited time after time, so
that they became familiar sights.
They personified South
Broward's commitment. Today,
more and more citizens of Holly-
wood and Hallandale are visiting
Hod Hasharon's Project Renewal
communities of Gil Amal and
Giora and are seeing for them-
selves what Nat and Dina Sedley
could only envision in those early
days. Project Renewal is working
and each time visitors arrive they
can see the changes.
Because there were people like
Nat and Dina who saw when
there was nothing to see, who
believed when it was hard to
believe, who did when most
people didn't know what to do:
because of these reasons, the
citizens of Gil Amal made the
Sedleys honorary citizens. It is
an honor bestowed with true love
and affection, it is an expression
by these people of their thanks
for having the vision and the
faith. It is a true example of the
Statement, "How good it is for
brothers t<> dwell together." You
should have been there in the
Sedley Sports Hall that memor-
able day. Then, you would have
truly known what I'n
Urncu al is all about.
ISO
18 East 48th Street
New York, NY. 10017
Securities (212)759-1310
itiOfl Toll Free (800) 221-4838
The citizens of Hod Hasharon presented thia plaque to the
Sedley I during the recent Paaaover Mission.
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925-7766 or 925-7768


Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-HoUywood Friday. May 25, 1984
Dr. George and Irin Crane. Premier Big
chairmen, receive award from Sumner Kaye.
(Jifts Dinner
Michael Ortove. Metro Paceaetter chairman, receives award
from Sumner Kaye.
35 countries will send
teams to '85 Maccabiahl
TEL AVIV UTAI nw In
Itiooal Maccahiah Came*
Committee anoouncad at the
com lusion <>i itatwo-dai IM*t'n*
I Kfai Harnaccabiah la?t eree*
that man than U countries have
confirmad t.. sand teams t<> the
quadrennial Jewiah games
scheduled for Jul)
The Commlttaa said that
miinj! the nation* ssadiiuj teams
for the first time to the I2tn -' ol
Jewiah < Hympii I lames are Gib
raltar. with Zaire, which last yeai
restored diplomatic Uaa with
after breaking tham in
1973, strong poSSfl>Ult)
Than n also the likelihood t rut
Rumania will aand m
marking the first thw Bl I '
European delegation will PP**1
sm World W jr II I he poasibil
it) "I Rumanian participation
developed loliowing a meeting in
Jerusalem la* week between Dr
Israel Peled, Maccabi World
Union chairman, ami Kumama"
Minister "I Tourism and Sporta,
Mieloa Yan ialsacu
\ apoksafnan Idi the
Mat i abian I am i ported
"The Ministai rabl)
tn oar n quasi for his i ounl rj to
and U am to nezl yeai i Mat
cabiah and indicated thai he will
make nncen effort to bring this
in ,i au< ceseful i oncluaioii
approximately um delegatea
including a large delegation of
the II s Commktaa Sporta roc
Israel, American iponson ofthe
i S team, tooted iht rapraaaa
latives from 36 nations attending
the two-da) meeting Man Shar
man. chairman ol the IS Mac
calnah Committaa, i- Brmly con
vmced that the American con
Unganl will include mon than
4 advisors
At the conclusion of the two
da) I of talks. Sherman said. "We
k>ok lor the addition ol several
new sports in the game's
program including rugby and
woman I bodutj We are return
ing boxing and di\ing after a
lam 1.1 four years He said the
>- game*, will probably heve s
cycling competition while team
handball will !* dropped because
of lack of interest from partic-
ipating countries Team handball
beet) featured in the Maces
Osjbm since the first
toumamenl was held in 1932.
\ total of 91 sports will be in
operation next summer compare*!
U>29pven.s(hr.v I
bridge an<), ha, u "*
be condu.tui lthin J
work of t he internal^'
Sherman saw I '
Job Bprvai prMl.
8 mU that arrant**
porter* ... end th, *t
heingfinah/nlandrutniLi1
and t"unnK pnrw Wji| i,^
to those sport* ,ft-
mingto the Marf,DMk,
aWMnoftheglobi
Jewish students destroy]
anti-Vatican posters
M U lOHK I.ITAI Teen
Bge Jewiah students in Corpus
( kristi, Texas, systematically
ton down and destroyed ante
Vatican uufJtaVI that had l>een
plastered .ill over that south
rXas port cit> of JIKl.tKKI The
posten have apta-ared in
ida
Man) "t the poatan oarnad of
, I similar to the
canard* UM-d by anti Semites
IgaJnet lews Irv-y accused the
Vatican ol controlling the media
to exalt and exonerate them
asfvea fn>m crimes they have
don. and art- currently doing "
Tin mseengaal In-gan with the
word Warning and alleged
Vatican ownership of major
\merican magazine*, new spa
pers and tele\ ision networka.
It reminds me of the Naria
and the Holocaust." aaid one
student Another student. Laura
Hopkins. 16, ssid Whoever is
doing this is not only hurting the
Christian community but the
whole Clt\ as well
Moal ofthepoatenvasj
to windows f fa
buildings Sontfssag|
Ismp posts and Kxrhapcssi
The) ha\. appmrsj at
throughoul !
Des Mom. |.,*a Isstlrel
11 and ; read to the
Vt th h and ?ml\
awe first noticed in
Christ! .. March 21
Harold AlbsrU. i meal k
who is .I.-wish and
organi/. ihj student
campaign laid all the \_
had been destroyed h> Mad,
"One u too long for |
signs to lie in our my rti
The parson or persons i
sible sre unknown AcwraaJ
Hob (iilmartin. comma
director of the Corpui
Dincew. w huever U ana]
this is using trinsents u|
them up during the ami
night The studenti self
were prepared to nswn I
posters if the) appear ipa
fVhot -,
othwofe]
would I
choostf
(
Dr. Philip Levia poses with Joan Raticoff, Mission*
chairman.
35S
rftsaetCasji


Friday, May 25,1984 / The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 7
The story ofMasada: Is it valid?
IAELSHASHAR
d with permission
Israel Today
of Mas ad a is at
>rating its 50th anni-
jntrary to what is
| is not 2,000 years old
A in the early 1930's
prs of youth move-
fcretJi Israel began to
-urnnt as an act of
[ However, the subject
especially the story of
jicide. is worthy of a
kci\ tvan if it involves
: holy cows.
own. evidence of the
73CE of 960 men.
children who
>ne in the desert after
Of Human siege, is not
[ in any source except
in "The Wars of the
lis here any scientific
m the extensive
that were under
jada. Moreover there
evidence that the
| as told by Josephus
the speech of the
I lea/ar Ben Ya'ir,
|n I the suicides took
er took place and the
Masada did not
fcide but fought "to
fV of Josippon, which
Iin the 10th century
Wn Italy and was
tn-(! as the original
ia stated: "And it
in the morning that
heir womenfolk and
I on the ground .
left the town
made war on the
omans, and count-
| of them were killed,
fought until all of
at t !e, and they died
and his Temple."
apparently a late
Century), but he in
himself on the
^hich is a Christian
a Jewish convert)
written in the 4th
Pn which a similar
appears. The
j is the Hegisippus
reliable historical
kn Thackeray, who
Josephus into
in his work
The Man and
29) that the speech
s put into Eleazar
>uth is typical of
| a number of claa-
(e.g. Thucydides)
mouths of their
Iterary means of
own ideas, and
the speech is
jinary." Other
[pressed a similar
I, written as they
{almost everybody
) myth of Masada
1, and, as Moshe
hortly before his
| of Israel's army
ng-in ceremony
I of Masada .
and non-Jewish
lasada and hear
of the events
here 2,000 years
proach is surely
lination.
Iking of one's life
ride instead of
\i Orange'
i Page 3
oved, and the
Khey escape the
ting used to the
te Little by
but leaves with a
I something they
pth them all the
ind of warmth.
within them-
Ian keps a wary
catering them
[and Ciod alone
may yet grow
fighting "to the end" is, as is
known, absolutely opposed to the
outlook of Judaism, which
prohibits suicide in any circum-
stance. Thus after the destruc-
t ion of the Temple and during the
revolt of Mar Kochba, we see as a
symbol the sages who "go forth
to be killed" at the hands of the
Romans and "the ten sages of
Israel, who were delivered up to
slaughter" passively. But in no
account are we told ot anyone
who put an end to his own life. It
may be added that a Jewish child
who is educated in a "heder" and
"yeshiva" and studies the Torah,
Mishna and Gemarra and does
not thus read Josephus. will
never know anything about
Masada because the story is not
recorded in Talmudical sources.
V
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Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood / Friday. May 25,1984
How Jews got to Zambia
By JACK GOLDFARB
Philadelphia Jewish Exponent
When Golda Meir visited
Zambia in 1964 as Israel's foreign
minister, she went to see Victoria
Falls, one of Africa's most
spectacular sites and the prime
tourist attraction of that
spacious land.
After staring at the mighty
Zambezi River precipitously
plunging at a million gallons of
water per second into the gorge
below, while a majestic rainbow
illuminated the clouds of spray,
Golda's comment was, "Such a
lot of water wasted!"
Meir had come to Zambia to
participate in the independence
celebrations of the newly
proclaimed republic. Formerly
the British Protectorate of
Northern Rhodesia, and later one
of the three members of the now-
dissolved Federations of
Rhodesia and Ny as aland. Zambia
was inaugurated into nationhood
with much fanfare and patriotic
fervor on United Nations Day,
Oct. 24,1964.
After Meir's visit, hundreds of
Israeli experts arrived in Zambia
to provide technical assistance in
such fields as agriculture, poultry
raising, construction and police
training.
But Jews had been living in
what is now Zambia long before
the Israelis came.
At the turn of the century, the
legendary Susman brothers,
Harry and Elie, youthful
immigrants from a little shtetl in
Lithuania, were the first Jews to
enter Northern Rhodesia.
Scarcely out of their teens, the
Susmans trekked northward out
of South Africa, their ox wagon
laden with salt, beads and other
goods for bartering.
Crossing the wide Zambez
upriver from Victoria Falls, the
two Yiddish-speaking brothers
made friends with tribal chiefs
and gradually built up a thriving
business, trading goods for
cattle. Moving the cattle
southward, however, was always
a hazardous journey. The
Susmans' dugout boats and flat
rivercraft were often beset by
wallowing hippopotami, and the
cattle herds were frequently
stalked and stampeded by
hungry lions. No less perilous in
those days were tsetse flies,
malaria and the dreaded black
water fever.
Eventually, the enterprising
Susmans established extensive
cattle ranches, farms, factories,
sawmills and a chain of hotels.
Their one abortive venture was in
mining. Judging claims they had
staked in the Copperbelt to be of
little value, they sold them to a
prospector for a small sum
Today one of Zambia's most
productive copper mines operates
on the same site.
The earliest Jewish community
in Northern Rhodesia was
established in the town of
Livingstone, a few miles north of
Victoria Falls, in 1905. when the
newly laid rail line, extending up
from South Africa, reached
Livingstone, an active Jewish
congregation was already there.
When the chupah was raised at
the town's first Jewish wedding
in 1910, Livingstone's Jews
numbered 38 out of a total
population of 260.
In the late 1920s. Northern
Rhodesia's basic economy was
radically transformed by the
discovery of huge deposits of
copper near the border with the
Belgian Congo now Zaire.
A cluster of little towns in this
district burgeoned overnight as
the gleam of the Coperbelt lured
droves of immigrants fro>
Southern Rhodesia. South Africa
and overseas.
Jews contributed much to the
growth of the towns and the
expansion of the copper industry.
They supplied badly needed
transport, opened shops and
hotels and provided many
essential services. Jewish smail
businessmen came down from the
neighboring Katanga province of
the Congo, where they had
sen led years before Scores of
Jewish workers and their families
settled in the mining towns of
Wallenberg TV movie set
\i:\\ lOHK IJTA) Raoul
Wallenberg, the lost hero of the
Holocaust, will be the hero of a
new television mini-series based
upon his life and exploits in
rescuing more than 100,000
Hungarian Jews from shipment
to the Nazi death camps.
Paramount Pictures Television
will shoot the four-hour-long
production in Europe this
summer It is scheduled to air
next season.
The program will feature
Richard Chamberlain in the title
role of the Swedish diplomat who
went to Budapest in the middle of
World War II. saved thousands
of Jews from the clutches of the
German commando squads and
disappeared into a Soviet prison
camp, never to be heard of again
despite the recent worldwide
campaign to gain his release.
The script for the mini-series
was written by Gerald (iron,
novelist and scriptwriter for the
TV series "Holocaust
How Wallenberg foiled Adolf
Kichmann's attempt to
exterminate the Jews of Hungary-
is the theme of Lost Hero: The
Mystery of Raoul Wallenberg, by
Rabbi Frederick Werbell and
Thurston Clarke, the best-selling
book upon which Green's script is
based.
Lost Hero is the result of the
years of investigation by Werbell
into the mystery of Wallenberg's
disappearance and the behind-
the-scenes, cloak-and-dagger
efforts of the Swedish govern-
ment to effect his release from
Soviet imprisonment.
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With most towns within an eaay
hours ride of each other.
Copperbelt Jews formed an
extended family. They
collectively celebrated simchas
and fetes, cared for one another
miners, plumbers, electricians friendships
and truck drivers Jewish traders Wor|d War ,, Drought a new
traveled from the Copperbelt tar s(r(,am ()f immigrants German
out into the bush country' where Jw| ^^ a haven from
Hitler Denied entry by South
Africa and Southern Rhodesia,
the wandering refugees were
ultimately accepted by Northern
Rhodesia.
Their acceptance by the Jewish
community mostly of I-itvak
origin was not that immediate,
however Fearing competition
from a more educated and
sophisticated group whose work
ethic and culture were unfamiliar
to them, the earlier settlers were
slow to extend a welcoming hand.
Klana Turtledove, who grew up
in Luanshya. remembers how
impressed she was as a child
seeing these better-dressed, more
mannerly Jews who spoke a
language resembling Yiddish,
whites were seldom seen
Most merchants in the towns
lived behind their stores The
womenfolk cooked over outdooor
fires Toilets were some distance
awav and en route to and from
natures call, one had to M
constantly on the alert for
venomous snakes
The Copperbelt s bustling
commercial activity and mild
climate soon made the region the
vibrant center of Northern
Rhodesian Jewish life.
Former Copperbelt residents
todav recall with nostalgia how
closely knit the Jewish
communities were in those davs.
but sounding more cuk.fr,
At around the same
OjpM of Northern Rhod2
moved from diami,
Livingstone to the more t_
climate of Lusaka, a7
center of the landlocked
4.000 feet above sea level\
grew slowly, as did it,
Jewish population But by l
a gleaming white \vnagow
consecrated in the center oft
Forty years later, U
known aa "Africa's
growing city" and ,
population of more than 70
more than quadrupled
independence.
It's clean, broad street^
with jacaranda and bougiin
trees; the promising |
symbolized by trip main
Road's skyscrapers; the u
landscapes of the Mund W|
Botanical Gardens; and
religious diversity witness
an Anglican cathedral, i Cl
church, a Hindu templel
mosque, and a synagogue tlf
to the charm of this pleJ
capital of a young nation if]
million people
Did you hear the news?
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Friday, May 25,1984 / The JewUh Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 9
Simferopol memories
Continued from Page 4
ated ftingles attended the meeting of the National
wr Singles Mission to Israel last week. The Mission will
i _.______ I..1.. ft -_J A_______. i __
place between July 22 and August 1. For
nation, please contact Debbie Brodie at 921-8810.
Morocco shows
kinship with its Jews
more
l.ANCA (JTA) The
..can version of America's
rth of July took place last
3 throughout the length
[breadth of this colorful and
jnating Moslem nation, and
JMt the entire Jewish popula
(close to 'JO.OOO turned out
orate the '-'3rd anniversary
leir King's ascension to the
ie
each of the major cities,
ding (ii^uhlanca. Tangier*,
Marrakesh. and Rabat, the
ah community renewed its
of loyalty and support for
Hassan II at huge parties
Idinners.
ring the elaborate recept-
the King's palace in Casa-
a. the monarch affec-
tdy welcomed a Jewish
gent led by the Grand
and David Amir, the
guished head of Moroccan
What appeared extra-
ry to this writer, who
wd the Jewish observances in
Marrakesh and in Fez, waa
I fact that scores of govem-
kt officials, including the
krnor of each province, were
| hand to demonstrate their
ip with the Jewish com-
liity.
quote one of the Moslem
the president of the
icipal Council of Marrakesh:
e's never been any real
nee in Morocco between
[Mussulman and Jew. Let ua
fin in our children and grand-
|*n the same spirit of amity
brings us here tonight." And
presidents of each Jewish
mumty seemed to endorse
public avowal of friendship.
'. 63. became the head of
> Jewry in 1966, and is a
^President of the World
m Congress and works
y with the American Jewish
11 Distribution Committee
otner international Jewish
nuatwns. He is a frequent
*"t to the United States,
having madp hu, fortune M a
C "^uatrialist, Amar now
P" hunelf to Jewish affaire
.to do what I can do to
25 peaea." Ha
mm that since the Jewish
V"? the P"l* of the
^y have a special duty to
m enforce the religious,
>'wd physical righu of all
they do their own."
ih^^^d.-thegovarn-
' enfor the rights of the
Rts withb^ ***"
.., ^"cy m accord with
|2LE5*; Just as Israels
* ^peeled, so must the
*ai be affordad e
^lytoUveinpeceMd
i T^v th of
riforJL 'Moroccana, first
^o conflrm our aUegianca u
Maimed that "what ia
lacking is effective world Jewish
leadership." And it was his
staunch view that "the use of
arms will settle nothing in the
Arab-Jewish disputes. The only
possible way to peace is sitting
down together to negotiate."
was a Russian Christian followed the
Communist line and openly confessed to being
an atheist. He was one of the few high ranking
Communits leaders in Simferopol and the
Crimea. He was the head of a large office that
handled all supplies and food which came in by
train or boat to be distributed to the various
markets and stores throughout the area. His
office also handled ration coupons.
He made it possible for me to get extra ration
coupons in order for my sister to get the
supplies she needed for her baking. He provided
me with shoes and socks so that I need not go
barefoot.
One day he invited me to have dinner at his
home and to play chess. The house was on a
broad avenue and very large. He was unmarried
and lived alone.
We became good friends despite the difference
in our ages and cultural and ethnic
backgrounds. He spoke Russian. Turkish and
French with equal ease.
He enjoyed our chess games and I thoroughly
enjoyed the meals he made, meat, fowl and fish
prepared in ways I had never dreamed of. Just
as much as I enjoyed eating, he enjoyed
watching me eat.
There was also a feast for my eyes. I never
tired of looking at the paintings on the walls
and the beautiful furnishings. I liked the feel of
the smooth wood and rich fabrics under mv
fingers. But what impressed me most of all was
that such a large house should be occupied by
only one person. It was a far cry from my
sister's home and our little apartment in
Priluki.
One evening he told me to come to his office
the next day and he would see to it that I
would have gainful employment. That night I
was too excited to sleep. I got up at the crack
of dawn and was at the office bright and early
that morning. When I saw the vast
establishment with its many departments and
hundreds of workers I was overcome with awe.
I became a messenger carrying important
documents, letters and memos from one
department to another. In this way I met some
important and interesting people and was very
happy in my work. Every day was filled with
anticipation and excitement.
IT IS NOW 63 YEARS since these events
took place 161 years since I arrived in America),
yet the memories of my life in Simferopol are as
sharp and vivid as though they happened
yesterday.
"Yesterday is but a dream
And to-morrow is only a vision
But today well lived
Makes every yesterday
A dream of happiness
And every to-morrow
A vision of hope!"
From the Sanskrit

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Page 10 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood / Friday. May 25,1984
War against Jews
Carl Rosenkopf, a member of
the Federation's Board of
Directors, is a survivor of the
Holocaust. He wrote his senti-
ments following last month's
Holocaust Education Week. He
is also a member of the Ben-
Gurion Club, an association of
Holocaust survivors.
In five short years, between
1940 and 1945, the German State
led by Adolf Hitler murdered six
million Jews in Europe. Ever
since that terrible time, people all
over the world struggled to
understand how could it have
happened? How could a modem
state destroy innocent men,
women and children?
These questions have no easy
answers. World War II tore
Europe apart and left deep scars
on those who survived it. Over
Carl Rosenkopf
thirty tive million people were
killed, more than in any previous
war. Two thirds of all Jews in
Europe died. These are facts.
History will always remember
them but never fully understand
them. Adolf Hitler was not the
first anti-semite in modern time
to think or talk about mass
murder of the Jews. Hitler alone
succeeded in turning his vicious
dreams into reality.
The great wave of killing and
deportation of Eastern European
Jews led the youth of Jewish
political movements to organize
armed resistance to the Germans.
So many families had been
destroyed that almost no
younger children or aging
parents in need of care remained
Young people were now free from
family responsibilities. Their
educational and cultural
The terrible longing...
Where are you momchiu t Where are your bones ?
Mv tears are shedding.' I see always your face.'
I miss you so much! My longing grows.
For hating back those dear days.
When I saw stretched out armsso wide.
Welcoming me when I was coming home.
Now rm looking hopeless to the blue sky.
Calling: "My sweet Momchiu. where are you
gone?"
I'm yourMirchie! You remember?
Your child! I'm longing for you so very much.
That sometimes 1 think, that rm going wild.
Longing once more to feel your loving touch.
To be able, to rest my head on your knee.
Once more in my life For this 1 would give
awav.
With joy my half life! Oh Momchiu! Do you see?
Your daughter needs you! Come back to stay'
Where can 1 get back, the times of 1 love.
When I was welcomed to our warm home.
When devotion to each other was always
enough.
That I never felt lost never alone!
Many warm hearts were waiting forme.
In a cozy warm home with smiling eyes.
The worked out hard hands, of my sweet
Mommy.
Fondling her children. She was so kind. So
N ISC .
Sweet Tat,: Momchiu. Brothers. aUdears,
The understanding loving eyes, an- closed
forever'
It does not matter, if I shed my tears.
II even I U ould fill a place, with a new nrer.
Called! River of lonely bloody tears!
What would flow to titneless nowhere
It i, as ,i time when I was with no fears. _
Because loving people surrounded me there
\/v heart was singing a happy song.
Where ever I went-in night or day.
I hnew that its safe, that I belonged.
That I ran enjoy '"" *!*')> Pla>'
With such a lore, we were greeting each other
That eyes were almost melting, from devoted
lore.
We children were calm, having a Mother.
Until the horrible war came, and hell opened
above.
NOW Tie left longing, memories, a broken heart.
The (ilucksmans disappeared / seem born from
a stone. ,
I'm left alone, accidentally not because I was
smart!
I'm left just longing for the family alone .
By Mina Perlberger
programs in the ghetto had been
based on hopes that the Germans
meant to destroy all the Jews.
Jewish history and arts were less
important than learning about
weapons and defense strategies
Now young resistance leaders
could not believe that they
should be. as they say. "Sheep
for the slaughter. If they had to
die. it would be as men of honor.
Ghetto leaders who were pes-
simistic about the wars devel-
opments gave resistance groups
moral and financial support. But
rarely did they endorse resistance
plans. Some Jewish resisters
joined with Soviet partisans in
guerrilla army units detached
from the ghettos. In some towns,
those the Nazis caught and killed
were actually outnumbered by
those who were able to flee to the
forest or commit suicide rather
than be captured. Don*t go
voluntarily, don't you know you
should set fire to and destroy
your possessions so the Germans
will not be able to confiscate
them? Soon the whole ghetto was
aflame. The Germans and
Ukranians surrounding the
ghetto were caught unaware and
began shooting into the flames.
The Warsaw underground move-
ment was not sure to respond. On
the other hand the Jews of
\\ arsaw had to be warned and
prepared in case there would be a
need for self-defense.
Throughout the spring of 1942.
the ghetto lived on the edge of
disaster Every Warsaw Jew
must have heard something
about mass deportation from the
press or radio or elsewhere Many
had met Jews who had escaped
from the death camps and
listened in shock to their horror.
The ghetto specified instructions
Judenrat would be responsible
for delivering six thousand Jews
daily to places of deportation.
Any Jew who left the ghetto
without authorization would be
shot. Hut the children would not
be saved. If plans were resisted,
they would be the first hostages
to be shot.
Once the deportations
the Jewish leaders in Wi
struggled with the
questions. The Germans
advantage of the peoples hia
and announced that persons i
reported voluntarily for rp*
ment would receive free ratio
bread and marmalade,
thousands of Jews came for
The situation was so hot-
that parents who could n
beyond tomorrow
np
resettlement as a way of kt
their family together.
Deep in their hearts, thev c
not believe that they were L
deported to their deaths,
resistance seemed to be
more than suicide. Resist
could not atop the liquidationl
Polish Jewry. The deatrui
had proceeded too rapidly. ,.
police and the anti-semitic Pq|
all had seized the movemi
eagerly. The Jewish commungl
had disappeared. Blood soaki
Yiddish and Hebrew books.
all that remained of the thousn
year old civilization of Jewsl
Poland.
It is hard for me to speak,
have na strength, 1 will only 2
to appeal to you, help me ca
out the action! I tremble, 11
frightened at the thought
others might take me into th
own hands.
I)o not let yourselves
destroyed like sheep. Prep_
yourselves to defend your Uvj
Remember also that you j
civilian Jewish population an|
the front in the fight fo I
and humanity.
The enemy has already .
severly hurt. I,et us bravely l.
nobly defend our honor. Longlil
freedom
Eventually, the Jewish ,_
themselves will forget this,
mourning for close ones.
people bear their sorrow
Most find comfort Hii
nature such is the wor!
Whatever the earth covers up |
forgotten. It cannot beotl
Carl I
Celebrating Shavuot
By RABBI
AVROM L. DRAZIN
If timing is everything, then
our sacred festival of Shavuot
has been victimized, for this moat
important observance is most
neglected. Unfortunately, this is
the season of the year when we
are more concerned with cele-
brating Memorial Day,
weddings, Bar Mitzvahs. college
and high school graduations.
Yom Ha'Atzmaut and Yom
HaShoah get more attention. Yet
Shavuot is the beginning, the
genesis of our faith.
Our ancestors emphasized the
aspect of "Hag HaKatzir" the
Harvest holiday. With the
passage of time and the change of
circumstances, we began to re-
emphasize the historical aspect
ATTENTION JEWISH VETERANS **
* Who Have
Honorably
J Served Their
* Country
* in Time
J ofWMr
* or Peace
{ Becaute of the lack of adequate burial space
jt and trie distance to a National Cemetery, you
may bo oajMo to receive Veterans Burial
+t Benefits in a local Jewish cemetery.
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
- "Zman MattanTorataynu"
the festival of Giving the Torah.
In more recent times we have
emphasized that aspect with the
celebration of religious school
graduations and confirmation
ceremonies.
It is essential that we
emphasize not only the giving of
the Torah but a contemporary
aspect of receiving the Torah. We
live in a world where competition
for our time and attention is most
intense. It is most important to
the teachings and traditions of
our faith.
Shavuot gives each and every
individual the opportunity to
reconsecrate himself in the
Jewish way of life. We must
recall the tradition that the soul
of every Jews stood and heard
the words at Sinai, and we need
only to accept them. During this
celebration of spring we can
decorate our synagogues and
homes with flowers and greens,
the symbols of life. There is a joy
of new life when we receive the
Torah.
When we attend synagogue we
identify ourselves with that
aspect of the community which
lives acceptance to the Torah.
What better way is there to
acknowledge reception of the
May 25-7:44 p.m.
June 1-7:48 p.m.
* If you are an honorably discharood veteran, you J ISt^StS^SSS
J are eligible to apply. J
Spaces are limited and wH bo allocated on J
a first come, first served basis. J
t To receive your reservation and priority *
C -CALL TOLL FREE- *
{ 1 -800-441 -4446 EXT. 138 *
k
-24 HOURS-
YOV MUST BE HONOHABIY DISCHARGED
I
vailable to us. In many circles,
the first night of Shavuot ia
observed as a Mishmar, when
individuals sit up all night to
study the teachings of the Torah
We study the Book of Ruth, who
voluntarily accepted Torah of her
own free will and was the
ancestor of King David.
As our Jewish community
grows and becomes more
dynamic, let us not forget that all
of its spirit, all of its soul and all
of its teachings stem from Torah.
the heart of the synagogue.
Religious directoi
ORTHODOX
toagregaUoe Lev! YHacfcak Lubavltch. 12M E HaUandale Beach *
HaUandale. 46S1877 Rabbi Raiaal Tinianham Dally eervlceil *".
mlnutei before aundown. Sabbath aarvlcaa, 7:10 pro Sabbath n^*, I
o'clock. Sundaya. s so a.m. Rellgloua achool. Oradaa 1-8 Nuner*""*!
Monday through Friday. ^ I
Young k~l af HeRyweee) 3201 Stirling Road; eM-7877 ^JZJJ
Davu Dally aarvlcaa. T.Mam., aundown; Sabbath aarvlcaa. on! nour
aundown. Sabbath morning, 8 o'clock, Sunday, 8 am
CONSERVATIVE
HalkaadaJa Jewtoh Oaaaar 4ia ne au> am] 404 8100 Rabbi cerjiB*
Dally aarvlcaa. 80a.m.. : p.m.; Sabbath. p.m.; Sabbathmorna*
am SabbathaRarnoon.to'clock. mimaal
TaaBploSMbShatoaa-iaMN 40th A.. Hollywood. 081-8IU ^bMkW-
Malavaky Daily aarvlcaa. T fi am, lundown. Sabbath *"
o'clock. Sabbath morning. o'clock Rallgkwe echocJ Kliderina!_i
Taaapla Bath Am 97S0 Stirling road, Hollywood; ai4,M/?V7*-l
P ShoUr Servlc.i Sunday. Monday andThuraday, iam. M~"tVJell
Sabbath morning. 8 48 o'clock. Rallgtoua achool Nuraary,
Judaic* High School Hi**1!
Tempi, laraal af Miramax -SWlWHUi St. 881 1 > *}\tI
Adlar Dally aarvlcaa. 8 80 a m ; Sabbath. S p.m.; Sabbath mom-* j
o clock RellglouaSchool pre-klndargarten-S. aadMU I
Tempi. Slant 1801 Johnaon St.. Hollywood: OJ0-10TT R^^JW
Margolla DaUy aarvlcaa 8 X a m 6 p.m.; Sabbath. 8pm, "~JV^
rung, 8 88 o'clock. Rallgtoua achool: Pra-kJndargartan-Judalcanw
REFORM
Temple Rath El l Ml S nth Ave Hollywood; *>-* *" ^1
Jaffa Sabbath evening 8 pm Sabbath morning II neugw
UradeaK-10 riiii *l
Temple Rath r.met Pembroke Plnee Oeneral HoaplUl ***Z0jM
t'nlveraMy Drive. Pembroke Plnee 481 MS Rabbi Bennett u
Sabbathaervlcea.S 18 pm Rellgloua achool Pre-klnderg"" ,^'4
Temple Selel 8100 Sheridan St Hollywood 88-<0 K** 0d*l
FraHn Sabbath aarvtcoa. 8.IS p.m Sabbath morning.
Rellgloua achool Pre achool-12
REOONSTRI Ramal Skalora 11801 W Broward Blvd.. Plantation 47*'M?'f,-
Skldell Sabbath eervtcee. l p m. Rellgloua achool Pra-kinoera-


Friday, May 25,1984/The Jewish Floridian of South Broward- Holly wood Page 11
lavon and Levy may play major
iles in upcoming Israel election
LviTSCHAKBENGAD
tjelphu,.iish Exponent
VeTANYA In the forth-
M elections, the two most
ta,nt men m Israel w. 1 not
[Shimon Peres Y'teh
*2 chairmen of the Labor
the Likud parties respec-
but Yitr-hak Navon and
gdLevy
jth Levy and Navon could
, competed for and
-Mps taken the leadership
E respective partiea. They
from doing so. Each
J that in order to avoid
mg his party, prior to the
a, he would not seek the
leadership.
Shimon Peres tried in 1977 and
1981 to become prime minister.
Both times he failed. He is
personally not popular among
Israelis in general and among
Sephardic Jewa in particular.
However, the problem is not
just Peres. The Labor party itself
has not been popular among
Sephardic Jews. The Sephardim
blame the Labor Party for
discriminating against them by
creating the slums in Israel into
which hundreds of thousands of
Sephardic Jews were sent to live.
The Sephardic population
accused the Labor party of
sending the Ashkenazi Jews to
wealthy areas and kibbutzim,
while Sephardic Jews were sent
to the slums.
Moreover, since the Labor
party is supported by the Arabs
and leftists in Israel, many
Sephardic Jews feel unable to
join its ranks. Most Sephardic
Jews are more suspicious and
hostile toward Arabs than their
Ashkenazi counterparts. They,
therefore, prefer the Likud.
Last but not least, the Labor
pa groups, does not have the
approach toward religious
aspects of Israeli life favored by
most Sephardim. Manv
The horror that didn't matter
tJewi Were Expendable: Free
Id Diplomacy and the Holo
_t by Monty Noam Penkower.
tversity of Illinois Press, 54
t Gregory Drive. Champaign.
161820. 429 pp. including notes
a index. $21.95.
I by David S/onyi.
#se ten detailed historical
dies make for bracing, often
Bjely depressing, reading.
jkower. who chairs the
Kory Department at New
Vs Touro College, again and
bin demonstrates how the
litest horror of modern Jewish
|tory wai either ignored, or
ame a kind of irritating side
*. for the British and Amer-
govemmenU, the Vatican,
lithe Hed Crosa
fo take only two of dozens of
nples
|TheOctober. 1943 meeting in
Km of Roosevelt, Churchill
Stalin resulted in a state-
kit decrying Nazi persecution
I many peoples in occupied
>pe hut no mention was
I of Jews
I1hi' Allies never sent supplies
|the leaders of the Warsaw
to uprising in the Spring of
Fifteen months later, they
a down requests from
ous Jewish groups that the
road tracks to Auschwitz, or
(death camp itself, be bombed.
ftumahly In-cause long-range
per attacks from bases in
'were logically unfeasible.
Iff numerous sorties were
lover the industrial complex
^uschwitz in the late summer
I Fall of 1944 And in contrast
Allied Behavior during the
TtU> revolt, when Polish
ets rose against Nazi rule in
"st. 1944, the Royal Air
dropped supplies to the
'gents.
|o does one account for such
Terence in the West? It was
I that the governments and
Jnuations concerned did not
that the Nazis were
"> a systematic "war
n* the Jews-' they knew
' least the time of the
pn'telegraphic report sent
f World Jewish Congress'
representative in Geneva,
Gerhardt Riegner. in August.
1943. But they either did not
believe, or did not comprehend in
a way that might lead to action, a
horror that seemed too over-
whelmingly, atavistically
monstrous to belong to modern,
"civilized" Europe.
There were also significant
manifestations of anti-Semitism
among key diplomats and
bureaucrats. Breckenridge Long.
an admirer of Mussolini who was
FDR's Undersecretary of State in
charge of, among other things,
refugee affairs, was convinced
there were Nazi spies amid every
boatload of immigrants. Richard
Law. his British counterpart,
referred to the Jews as "these
useless people" in May. 1943.
Although the extent of the
slaughter was already quite clear,
the conference was a "facade for
inaction." in Law's words. Each
government went to Bermuda
determined not to do that which
would have provided the Jews
trying to flee Nazi-occupied
Europe the most hope: in Amer-
ica's case. loosening of her
immigration quotas; in Britain's,
a modification of the ever-
zealously enforced White Paper,
which allowed only a relative
trickle of immigration to
Palestine. (Helping rescue Jews
would undermine London's
cultivation of the Arabs.) Each
side stolidly acquiesced in the
business-as-usual approach of the
other.
Finally, there was the issue of
Jewish disunity, sbout which so
much has been made in the
recently released Goldberg
Commisskm report. Penkower
amply demonstrates the extent of
inter-organizational backbiting
and competitiveness. He notes.
for example, how in October
1943. Rabbi Stephen Wise,
widely recognized as the leader of
the organizational "estab-
lishment,' discouraged President
Roosevelt from meeting with s
group of one hundred Orthodox
rabbis who had come to Wash-
ington to demand more action on
behalf of their beleagured
breathren in Europe.
He documents the skirmishes
between the Joint Distribution
Committee and the World Jewish
Congress, between both organ-
izations and the Orthodox Va'ad
HaHatsala, and between the
short-lived American Jewish
Conference, an establishment
"umbrella" group, and the small,
flamboyant, but often effective
Emergency Committee to Save
the Jewish People of Europe, (the
"Bergson boys"). But Penkower
also puts such internecine Jewish
conflicts in perspective, showing
how they mattered far less than
the depth of apathy among
policymakers in Washington.
1/ondon, the Vatican, and Geneva
headquarters for the Interna-
tional Red Cross!.
Are there any bright notes in
all of this? There are. and they
are provided by a half dozen or so
individuals who. following the
belated creation of an American
rescue agency, the War Refugee
Board, in January, 1944, person-
ally coordinated rescue activities
or negotiated with Nazi or other
fascist officials. Among them was
Ira Hirschmann, a former
Bloomingdale's Vice-President,
whose bold, timely interventions
with Bulgarian and Rumanian
diplomats stationed in Ankara or
Istanbul helped save thousands
of Jews.
sherry f rontenac
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Yitzhak Navon, left, and David Levy, Sephardic stalwarts of
Labor and Likud, are important election personalities.
Penkower's account of this and
other rescue efforts, like each of
the incidences recounted in this
book, is thoroughly documented,
largely using primary source
records and interviews. At times,
the author becomes bogged down
in the sheer mass of historical
data he has unearthed. In
general, however, his lucid
presentation of original research
is immensely impressive.
David Sxonyi is i4s*ocat
Director of the Radius Institute
in New York City and frequently
reviews books for a wide variety
of Jewish publications.
Sephardic Jews felt close to the
Likud because Begin appeared to'
be a Jew with deep respect for our
religion. He waa the only prime
minister who would say. "God
willing," in his speeches.
No doubt, the appearance of
Yitzhak Navon with Peres in the
forthcoming election list will
strengthen chances of the Labor
party to gain more Sephardic
votes. Navon, being a Sephardic
Jew and a very popular past
president of Israel, enjoys the
confidence of many Sephardic
Israelis.
Yitzhak Shamir, the Likud
chairman, is not Menachem
Begin. He has neither the
charisma of Begin nor his power
of oratory. He will not attract
tens of thousands of Israelis to
one place to listen to his speeches
as Begin did. He is, however, a
very shrewd diplomat and a
pragmatic leader.
David Levy, on the other hand,
is extremely popular among the
Sephardim. His background as
the father of 10 children, who
comes from Beit Sha'an, a small
town near the Jordanian border,
appeals to many Israelis and
especially to the Sephardim.
Sephardic Jews will tell you. "He
is one of ours."
Many people believe that if the
Likud were to appoint I>evy to
lead the party, it would have a
better chance to win the election.
Levy has proven to be mature,
responsible and respected by
Sephardim as well as
Ashkenazim.
However, neither Navon nor
Levy are the leaders of their
parties. Both play a secondary
role in these elections. Sephardic
voters will have to consider very
seriously to whom to give their
votes. There are pros and cons
with both parties.
The Labor party has not
changed much since the 1977
elections. The reasons that
caused the party's downfall are
still relevant today. The recent
suicide of banking executive
Yaakov Levinson and his accusa-
tion against Labor's leaders have
reminded many Israelis that the
Labor party is still the same.
Navon is the only encouraging
change, but his presence may not
be enough to bring Labor back
into power.
On the other hand, the Likud's
image is no better. Begin is not
there. The economy is not
healthy. Many of the Sephardic
Jews who supported the Likud in
1977 and 1981 have found their
low income being lowered even
more by the strict economic
policy of the Likud this year. The
involvement in Lebanon is also
becoming a burden to many
Israelis. Some blame the Likud
for this predicament and result-
ing complications.
Who will gain the majority and
establish the next government in
Israel? It is very difficult to
prophesize. Israeli voters have
proved not to be conservative: to
a certain extent, they are even
revolutionary. In January 1981.
Israeli polls said that if elections
were conducted then, the Labor
party would achieve 58 mandates
with the Likud gaining only 18
seats. In June, when the polls
opened the Likud came out with
48 mandates to Labor's 47.
The results this year will
depend on which party will
conduct the better campaign,
which will be more organized in
bringing its supporters out to the
voting stations, whether Begin
will participate in the campaign,
whether the rate of inflation can
be reduced before the elections,
what will be the situation on the
Lebanese front, what will be the
mood of the Israel public and
other issues yet to be determined.
It's far too early to tell.
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Complete hotol service* and
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provided win bo tho servtoss of f u-
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Page 12 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Friday. May 25, 1984
VANTAGE
ULTRA LIGHTS
THE TASTE OF SUCCESS



Friday, May 25,1984 / The Jewish Floridian of South BrowardHollywood Page 13
A garden for the blind
ktv Mid mvi- ? Jack Banach-Bennett Garden
beauty ana my- R| ^^^^___
MagrM ^ZTSJZSti fa the Blind at Tel Aviv Unrver-
IsrteLS ^ ^STaeT rity'8 BoUnical Gardens, Israel's
fi^J&Sd P>t kingdom ha. become ^cee-
i
.""
it
*
fa.
Ur\<
V
saNssI
Igroup of blind children and their teacher* visit the Garden
"the Blind st Tel Aviv University.
Lowest imigration
rate in 20 years
|MM YORK (JTAI The National Conference on Soviet
ry s Research Bureau reported that 74 Jews left the Soviet
uon in April, continuing the bare trickle of emigration at its
*t rate in M years.
Bible to those without sight as
well.
During the last two years,
plant displays around the 7-acre
site have been raised onto low
stone walls to enable the blind to
feel and smell the plants easily.
Next to each display are explana-
tions in braille, as well as tape-re-
cordings describing the different
species.
The aim of these adaptations is
to enable the blind to learn the
form and structure of plants,
their special features, and their
different textures, tastes, and
scents. This is achieved by
touching, smelling and tasting.
"For example, when blind visi-
tors are taken to the Esther
Garden where plants which are
used for such purposes as food,
dyes, timber and clothing are dis-
played, we provide them with
actual foods to taste and the final
products to feel," Prof. Yoav
Waisel explained.
By visiting different sections
of the ecologic garden, groups are
introduced to plants of such
various habitats as desert, forest
and swamp; and different shapes
and life forms such as water
plants, trees and shrubs. They
meet plants which are mentioned
frequently in literature and the
Bible, such as the olive, date
palm, cypress, etc.
TAU's Garden for the Blind is
the only one of its kind in Israel.
There are similar projects around
the world, but Prof. Waisel says
his is the only one which is unre-
stricted and allows the blind
ample room for movement.
During the visits, which last
about two hours, student-guides
lead each of the guests around in-
dividually, helping them touch
and smell the plants.
"We have heard from teachers
and parents that the visits to the
gardens are of special signif-
icance," he said. Children have
shown their appreciation by
writing letters to Prof. Waisel
and even drawing pictures of how
they conceive the gardens.
Boy-ar-dee"
Z^^-^-^y are ,asty
f^ \\tV ^* pasta alphabet
WJ***'*^ letters and
^ numbers covered
with a rich tomato sauce The
children will absolutely love it as
a delicious hot lunch and as a
tasty dinner side-dish And so
will the adults' Either way you
serve it, getting the children to
eat is as easy as Aleph Bez'
GETTING THE CHILDREN
TO EAT A DELICIOUS
HOT MEAL IS EASY AS
ABC'S & 123s
from
Chef Boy-ar-dee
ABCs&123s
from Chef
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Turt breakfast one morning
Use of pool and exercise area
Entertainment nightly except Sunday
Transportation to and trom Calder
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Page 14 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Friday. May 25.1984
SAO
Would
Jewish descendants in Amazon villages?
Amazon be
century wh
immigrant* arrived from Tangier
and Tetuan as a result of those
PAULO IJTAI -
you believe the
"Wandering Jews" have left
about 50.000 descendants still
living in remote river
communities in the Amazon? A
Brazilian sociologist-t umed
journalist has proof.
Henrique Veltman. a 47 year-
old Sao Paulo writer, has
documented major participation
by Moroccan Jews in the original
European settlement of the
Amazon. He has found that even
in places where intermarriage
with Indians and mestizos
iIndians Black-Portuguese-
Spanish) was so extensive that
Hebrew words had crept into
indigenous languagues. and
children and grandchildren of
still kept
J ewish immigrants
some customs intact.
The results from his explora-
tions and investigations will be
organized mto a presentation of
Latm American Jews by Beit
Hatfusoth. The Museum of the
Diaspora, in Tel Aviv The
museum concentrates its efforts
on obtaining information about
Jewish life outside of Israel
Veltman said he succeeded in
contacting several descendants
during his month-long search,
which covered 12 cities spread
out in northern Brazil and the
.interior of the Amazon region
where encounters with monkeys,
snakes and other jungle animals
were a frequent reminder of just
how deep the Moroccan immi-
Hollywood auxiliary
completes season
The Hollywood Auxiliary of
the Jewish Home and Hospital
for the Aged recently oompletd
its 28th season of service and
fundraising under the capable
leadership of Mrs. Melvin H
Baer. president.
In past years, there had
usually been a gala dinner dance
with entertainment as the organ-
ization's main function, with
money raised going for capital
improvement at the Home This
year, however. Mrs Baer stated
that the group turned to other
directions, and completed the
most successful year in its
history, giving $41.500 to the
Home
A luncheon for new members
was given by Mrs France;
Briefer in her home, and a fashion
show was produced by Lord anc
Taylor under the direction of
chairperson Mrs Joseph L
Schwartz
For the group's major event, it
was decided that the celebration
would be a Phantom Ball, or
imaginary entertainment. so that
all proceeds raised could go
directly to the Home With Mrs
Lilyan Beckerman as chair-
person, an Ultra-Exclusive 500
Mrs. Melvin Baer. president
of the Hollywood auxiliary of
the Jewish Home and
Hospital for the Aged.
Club was formed, with many new
contributors
The Hollywood Auxiliary of
the Miami Jewish Home and
Hospital for the Aged welcomes
inquiries from those interested in
membership or wishing to
contribute They may be
addressed to the incoming presi-
dent. Mrs Lilvan Beckerman.
801 North 13th Ave Hollywood.
FL 33019
Israel needs natural scientists
A report by the Israel Ministry
of Industry and Commerce has
projected that the people of Israel
may have 5.400 fewer engineers,
physicists and other natural
scientists than they need in the
next decade, indicating a need
American Jews can help address
The report said that demand in
the electronics. computer,
biotechnology and other in-
dustries outpaced the 50 percent
increase in the number of
graduates in these fields in the
1970s.
The Soviet Union's decision to
close the gates of freedom to
Soviet Jews has complicated the
problem, blocking an important
source of already-trained
scientists for Israel.
The report was issued as
Israel's universities continued to
reel from the nation's economic
crisis. Haifa University's Rector,
Uriel Rapapport. announced last
week that at least 50 and possibly
100 of his 350 academic staff
members would be laid off by
next October, to cut $2 million
from his current $25 million
budget.
University budgets have
already been reduced, and some
institutions nearly closed twice,
since the economic crisis surfaced
in October.
Some companies are so con-
cerned there may not be enough
scientists that they are sub-
sidizing faculty salaries, forgoing
a short-term competitive hiring
advantage to narrow the gap
The companies pool $100 for each
professional they now employ.
This has permitted Technton
University in Haifa, which
graduates most of Israels
engineers, to hire eleven high
technology experts. Discussions
are in progress to extend the
program
However, this does not help
current and potential university
students
They are confronted by high
and soaring tuition rates and
some wonder whether it makes
economic sense to obtain a higher
education in Israel at all
CTUDI0 ;
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stuwo
MCSTAUHANT
Mate* row' taow to yoi
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Fins Entertainment
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Also violin playing
lor your pleasure
OPENS AT 5 P.M.
"THE GROTTO"
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2340 SW22 AVE
445537'
i
grants had penetrated
\ remnant descendant
hospitalized m Cameta. a city in
the state of Para, asked \eltman
to tell him the story' of the
modern State of Israel his eyes
widened. then its true
there reallv does exist a state ol
the Jaws! His father arrived in
Brazil at the age of 12 from
Tangier. Morocco.
Another descendant. Carlindo
born in 1915 in Cameta to Joseph
Cohen and Vitoria Maria Cohen
_ Joseph from Tangier and
Vitoria. a Catholic from Cameta
- showed Veltman magazines
and calendars that he periodically
receives from Beit Chabad He
can't read Hebrew, yet he
remembers his father's hymns
from the synagogue
Sons of Jewish immigrants
found no Jewish women to marry
the women they did find,
wouldn't convert However, the
children of the Moroccan
immigrants were given a Jewish
education Their descendants
today still fast on Yom Kippur.
eat matzoh on Pesach. name their
children Esther. Menachem.
Moses and treasure their
possessions of tallitot. tefillin and
siddurim brought over from
Morocco
The Jewish community of
Belem. located in Para state,
todav comprises 250 families -
more than 1.000 souls but the
acting rabbi is skeptical, noting
that perhaps 660 of those 1.000
are real Jew^
Nevertheless. Veltman takes a
social and anthropological v i>-w
of the situation He has
calculated ''''.000 Hebrew
descendants half of the actual
Brazilian :*ipulation <>f
n this country wh<'
million
inha' .olicism
Most intlj m ta
majority. Veltman
empr they are extremely
aw are of their origins, and a great
part are guarding the J'
precepts, or try ing to return "
The historv of the Jews of the
began in
when the
the past
Moroccan
** they inhabited
example. fa, CamHi
government maintain,'
Jewish cemetery, regard.!
a monument to the city
the Jews were integral fa
city s development
cities being quartered saw
ghettos until 1912
During the first half of this
centurv in the northern states
and Amazon region, the Jews
prospered, and developed the
There is a small house u, |
of the cemetery which has,
wall an inscription: "Bei.l
Veltman asked the ownejjfl
knew what it meant \0J
they say it brings good L
we always renovate it."
4Passion Play'
still Anti-Semitic
TORONTO (JTA) A Jewish
historian and a Jewish
philosopher are both highly
critical of the 1984 version of
Passion Play" which will be
staged this summer in the West
German village of Oberammer- ,
gau It will mark the 350th anni-
versarv of the first production of
the play by the villagers.
Ever since 1634. the people of
Oberammergau in Bavaria have
kept a promise made at the time
when their village was threatened
bv a plaque "to keep the tragedy
of the passion lof Jesusl every 10
years." The dominant theme of
the play has been that the evil
Jews crucified Jesus.
Saul Friedman, professor of
history at Youngstown State
University, and the author of a
soon to be released book on the
Passion Play, says the play.
which is expected to be seen by
more than 500.000 spectators this
summer, will be substantially the
same version presented in the
village in 1980.
(m the scale of anti-Semitism.
where Der Sturmer is 100 and the
Sermon on the Mount is 0. I
would put the I960 play at 40."
Friedman -.i\ Hut it is much
improved OVW 1970 where the
text was 70 in ami Semitism."
While Friedman is not totally
ied with the new expur-
gated version of the lay which
tends to portray Jews as the
people of Judas, rather than
Jesus he says that many of the
improvements came about as a
Wfllflfl
result of the good
people of Oberammergau."
good will has not gont|
enough, however, heoba
Friedman indicates that |
village's former mayor,
Zwink. one of the most
forces in the purging oil
original text, has died and]
death has removed some of
urgency of the text's revision.1
In a preface to Friedman's!
book "OberammergiJ
philosopher Emil Facke
professor at the Institute |
Contemporary Jewish Sti
says that the 1934 version*
play belies the assertion mad
many defenders of Oberan
gau that Nazism never
penetrated the play He stab
"We say the 1934 Nazi*
because, contrary to all
apologies offered after 1945]
the effect that Nazism
penetrated Oberammergau,
spirit of Nazism is unmista
present in the picture of moij
greedy, plotting, hloodtl
Jews, coupled neatly with I
claim that now, anno hi
Christians ae redeemed
them and their machinations"
Fackenheim concedes that I
19*0 "cleaned op" versioniwa
will be the text offered
summer) has eliminated so
the more "overtly offensive)
press ion and kJaM
The 1934 version of the (
ammergau damns the Jews |
plicitly In the 1980 version!
damnation is still implicitly |
sent.
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Mid snacks1 Magnificent Pool
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Friday, May 25,1984 / The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 15
250,000 Yiddish books
find new home
YORK UTA) The
1 Yiddish Book Center of
Mass will be moving
B00O Yiddish books it has
from all over North
in the past four years
,ew and spacious haven
fak.
new headquarters for the
, books is a renovated old
1*01 in Holyoke. Mass..
117 000 square feet of fire-
J space The Center is
Hy seeking to raise $75,000
ible volunteers to move the
and install lighting and
|v controls, and steel li-
slving in their new home.
j books, all but 25.000 of
J, ire still in the boxes they
| mailed or carried in origin-
have been temporarily
i for the past two years in a
use near Amherst, the
i which expires in June.
week 2.000 additional
many of them rare, con-
d arrive there.
i project began when Aaron
y.the Center's founder and
e director, waa a
j student of Yiddish Lk-
I at McCiill University in
_.il. in 1978-79. "We had no
i to use most were out of
he told the Jewish Tele-
Agency "We went to
neighborhoods, ringing
ils, asking to borrow
Meanwhile." he continued.
becoming obvious that
i books were being thrown
routinely destroyed, for
pie. when Jews moved out
i neighborhoods. We were at
bt of transition: the grand-
t generation was dying, and
andchildren were abandon-
tr books We realized that
Jthing was done, within a few
the books would all be
uk) started to collect old
h books They "inun-
his parents' apartment in
i Bedford. Mass to a point
the floors began to sag
their weight In 1979. he
laveral other young Jews in
- decided to move the
htwn to the Amherst area.
1 Lansky kniv, as an artistic
I literary center, having been
[undergraduate student at
pP'hire College
f acquiring a factory loft in
impton. and the cooper-
1 of Bve colleges in the area.
(>' mailed out an announce-
f^to all the Jewish papers in
America It read: "Send
[thin weeks, he said, "thou-
! of Yiddish books came in.
a deluge One day I re-
". 125 boxes arrived. It
Readjust cake
* iV,V ,JTA| Many
C 2 Var"ms Part9 of ^e
fcbS lasl month or at
I IT IaMmK almost l>ke
an TUn* a* much -
M <* cheaper standard
te t"i productin <*
&*5,,T and ins"* * claim "V >rlad "nd 9W*1
W loZl* ^ COuld n*
r*th lhe ndard
kdby.h conlro,W Pr^es
fvcon,! KVernment- Bt
f'Cru;v,omp,ainedth't
became a big problem with the
post office!" The Center was
offered a school building in Am
herts rent-free. Within two years,
that, too, was overflowing with
books.
"Our original idea was that
books would come to us," Lansky
told the JTA. "We soon realized
it could not work entirely that
way too many people were old
and unable to send them." The
Center then set up a system of
200 "zamlers" volunteers who
travel around their areas of North
America collecting books from
abandoned buildings in the South
Bronx to garages in Beverly
Hills
"We put our energy into col-
lecting because the books were in
danger of being destroyed" just
at a point when interest was
growing in Yiddish culture,
Lansky said. The Center's goal is
to "get the books back into cir-
culation to match old books
with new readers."
The center has already put
many of the books it has collected
s"darrik *," "m0re r
Mr* i?7 f (omm*rce and
ke.*Lt0|,OT<* ^e baker.
hPondmJI hv .. h" a*"
P*3 C? ,,yinth.tno
NatilJJI f0rce th> to
mto libraries in 20 countries,
including Japan and Scandi-
navia, and into the hands of
individuals, who learn of the
available books through a
catalogue published by the
Center. The YIVO Institute for
Jewish Research and the Library
of Congress each get a copy of
every book not already in their
library.
Once the Center moves into its
new headquarters, "we will
finally be able to unpack and
shelve all of our quarter of a
million books," Lansky said.
"Some have not been opened in
decades. There may be rare and
precious volumes among them."
He looks forward to the discov-
eries the Center's volunteers will
be making. "It's a real treasure
trove," he said. "One thousand
years of Jewish history and
culture is tied up in these books."
Lansky said that anyone inter-
ested in helping the project can
do so by writing to the National
Yiddish Book Center. P.O. Box
969, Old East Street School, Am-
herst, Mass. 01004.
Corqnr)Ui)ity Calendar
May 25
Temple Solel lecture on Israel Tour, 8 p.m., at 5100 Sheridan
St
May 27
Temple Beth Ahm hold* annual family picnic, 11 a.m. atC.B
Smith Park, Pavilion 6. $5 adults; $3 children. Call 431-5100.
May 31
Temple Solel's sisterhood holds their Annual Donor Luncheon
and Installation of Officers, 11:30 a.m. at Inverrory Country
Club
Jane 1
Temple Solel holds High School Graduation, 815 p.m. at 5100
Sheridan St.
Jan* 3
Temple Solel holds Confirmation, 7:30 p.m.
June 5
Temple Solel holds Nursery School Graduation.
M--------------------------------------------------------------
Your Community Calendar welcomea news of your Jewiah orien-
ted organization. All meetings, times and their locations should be
directed to Art Harris, aasoclate editor, at the Jewish Federation
of South Broward, 2719 Hollywood Blvd. Calendar Information must
be received at least two weeks (before publication date.
Available at AH Pubii Stores
and Danish Bakeries.
Lemon Meringue Pie......as* $159
FiNed with Raisins
Cinnamon Raisin Rolls.
Mi $459
pkg. I
Oatmeal Cookies............ b^x$159
A Chocolate Lover s Delight ^
Gourmet Brownies......... p** 1
Available at Publix Stores with Fresh
Danish Bakeries Only.
Homestyle
White Bread.................... w>.i 69*
Crispy
Elephant Ears.................3 tor $1
Dehckxis
Cheese Pockets.............4 ** $1
-s Prices Effective
zM May 24th thru 30th. 1984


Page 16 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood / Friday. May 25.1984
Exit visa in hand, KGB stops scientist from leav'm
Ten days before he was due to
leave for Israel (on April 20) Prof.
David Goldfarb, the 66-year-old
Moscow biologist, was packing
his baggage when KGB officers
entered his flat in Vavilova
Street, confiscated all his scien-
tific papers and his bacterial
collection, and warned him that
he faced arrest on charges of
trving to take out of the country
information of importance to the
security of the State.
Although at this moment Prof.
Goldfarb is not under arrest and
the KGB told him that he is
being investigated as a material
witness, which he may when the
investigation is completed, prove
to be the prime suspect. We
understand that several other
scientists are being investigated.
Prof. Goldfarb and his wife
Tsetsilia first applied for an exit
visa in May 1979; their son Alex-
ander, also a scientist, left four
years earlier.
Prof. Goldfarb was a Doctor of
Medical Science and a former
Director of the Laboratory of
Molecular Genetics of Bacteria
and Bacteriophages of the USSR
Academy of Science. His appli-
cation was turned down on the
grounds that he was privy to
State secrets. He appealed
against his "refusal" maintaining
that he had never carried out
classified work. This was con-
firmed by the Vice-president of
the USSR Academy of Sciences,
Academician Ovchinnikov.
After several appeals to offi-
cials inside the Soviet Union and
to international scientific bodies.
Prof. Goldfarb learned last Feb-
ruary that he would after all be
allowed to leave. He is the first
scientist of professorial rank to
be given permission for six years.
As a result his scientific refusenik
colleagues saw in his "permis-
sion" some hope that their own
situation might be easing.
It is customary to leave within
four weeks of receiving an exit
visa, but in the Goldfarbs' case
they were hoping that their
daughter would be allowed out
too. and therefore they delayed
their own departure. As no
"permission" for his daughter
was forthcoming Prof. Goldfarb
and his wife reluctantly decided
to leave without her. Now their
own visa has been suspended
pending the investigation.
Western scientists suggest
that the KGB raid had little to do
with classified material, but
reflected instead disagreement
between the KGB and senior
scientific circles, who had gone
over the KGB's head to get Gold-
farb an exit visa.
Soviet scientists, their
Western colleagues say. had
'Silent no more
Soviet Jewry updafc
hoped that allowing Prof. Gold-
farb an exit visa might
favourably impress foreign scien-
tists, who have persistently been
campaigning for Prof. Goldfarb,
and have been pressing for
relaxation of the pressure under
which refusenik scientists have
been existing in the USSR.
Already a number of scientists
from the West have sent cables to
Academician Ovchinnikov urging
him to intercede on Prof. Gold-
farb's behalf.
Begun s Marriage Formalized.
Yosif Begun and Ina Shlemova
were finally officially married on
April 16. and immediately en-
countered a fresh problem to
overcome. Inna. together with
Boris, Yosif's son from a previous
marriage, had gone to the Perm
Labour Camp No. 37 in Polo-
vinka, where Begun is serving
the first part of a 12 year
sentence. After a short official
ceremony they had anticipated
that they could make the
occasion with a three day visit
that Begun is entitled to, the first
since his arrest 18 months ago.
Instead, they were told that they
could have one dav onlv.
Begun refused this on the
grounds under the strict regime,
which he had been placed, he
would be unable to see Inna or his
son for another 12 months, and
would thus lose two precious
days of his visit.
When we last heard Inna and
Boris were still in Polovinka vil-
lage visitors block waiting to
hear whether Begun's request
will be granted.
Anger of Riga Refuseniks
The continued detention of 33-
year-old Zakhar Zunshain has
caused widespread anger among
Riga's refusenik community,
which is manifesting itself in
public demonstrations and letters
of protest. In the last of these no
fewer than 58 local activists
addressed pleas to newly elected
President Konstantin Chernenko
and to the Procurator General,
urging that Zunshain be freed
forthwith.
Earlier, four women were ar-
rested outside Riga Procurator's
office on April 10, where they
held up banners calling for the
release of Zakhar Zunshain. The
women were Tatiana Zunshain.
Zakhar's wife, and his sister
Kvgenya LLshinskaya. Polina.
the wife of Alexander Baiter, who
was arrested on May 29, and his
mother Svetlana Baiter With the
exception of Lishinskaya all three
were given 15 days imprison
ment.
The following day Kvgeny.
Svetlana Baiter's 19-year-old son.
and his uncle Leonid Umansky
were also given 10 days deten-
tion, after they demonstrated
holding placards reading "Free
the innocent" and "Stop
tyranny."
Zunshain is being investigated
under Article 183 1 of the
I-atvian Criminal Code
Defaming the Soviet State He
was arrested on March 5 follow-
ing a public demonstration in
Moscow, when with others he
demanded the right to emigrate
and renounced his Soviet citizen-
ship.
Yury Tarnopolsky
Yury Tarnopolsky from Khar-
kov, serving a three year
sentence in Chita for allegedly
defaming the Soviet State, put in
a formal request to the camp au-
thorities to allow his wife Olga to
visit him.
In a letter to friends Olga
writes:
". I have had no letters
from him since February 1 and
haven't seen him for almost a
year. He was deprived of
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meetings. I was in Moecow in
connection with this" .
REFUSENIKS WRITE .
FROM ALEXANDER
MARYAS1NINRIGA:
"1 ve just come from a trip and
< sat down to write you. First of all
' I want to thank you for you and
your friends" letter. I was pleas-
ant l\ surprised to read it.
"leading a life of a refusenik
for manv years, we get used to
being some kind of social leper.
It's very rare that we feel signs of
sympathy, concern or something
likewise in our environment. We
not only get used to such
handling, but are also satisfied
by it It's like in the saying 'It is
better to be alone than to be with
whoever and better to be hungry
than to eat whatever."
"We are mostly contacting
members of our community and
when such opportunities arise,
.lews from other cities. The more
glad I am to realize that I have
friends whom I have never met
and who are concerned."
FROM A PROVINCIAL TOWN
IN THE UKRAINE
"... Please forgive me but I
had a great deal of worry .
"... Thank God I have many
friends Some of them are here,
and some of them are abroad. I
don't know what I would have
done without their help ... It is
difficult to be a good Jew in this
country.
"My children were told in their
kindergarten that their father
was a criminal. Last summer
there was a search in my house.
There was an article about me in
the newspaper and I was also
called to the Prosecutor.
"Suddenly last December the
authorities took my documents. I
have no possibility u> H
living, and it is all becausedl
Police; they asked my
hours about me. and thev~i
that I must work lofcoUrse]
in my own profession) If 10
get a job they will charger*,
parasitism, and I would*,
like U> work, but of course,
them.
"Now I am working ,
postman. Recently my fo^l
questioned by the KGB
told him that I am bykJ
organize a Zionist group f|
wanted my friend to fafej
me. All this activity around I
worries me a great deal."
FROM LENINGRAD:
". I'm as before all theti
studying Rashi and Misruu I
by the time you get my leu,
hope to finish Brachot thef
Tractate of Mishna.
"And now I'd like toteK
something about Purim hercj
had Megilla reading in the!.
gogue and elsewhere in',
morning and the evening inti,
more places. I was invited for]
whole Sabbath, and we
minyan Torah, haftorah
reading all by ourselves ...
in the morning we were in'
Synagogue ..."
THE RIGHT OF RETUi
Thirty Moscow reh
gave an exhaustive accountj
the current difficulties
Soviet Jews to a group of Bnq
Members of Parliament
weekend.
It was one of the
thorough-going reviews of S
Jewry's position for many]
and it coincided with the I
monthly emigration figures. I
since 1970. (March I
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Friday. May 25,1984 / The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood Page 17
Jews of Latin America both
thriving and imperiled
M.BLQI KKQUE
The Jews of Latin
l>th thriving and
the
UTAI
I America are
Lpnled. -'"sconced in
LddleawiupiKT classes, yet few
an Kin cceM to 90C
political power in their class con-
scious
and predominantly
| Hispanic Cat holic societies.
This configuration of Latin
I Amencan Jewry emerged at a re-
^rrh conference here earlier this
Lonth c<> sponsored by the Latin
American Institute of the Uni-
versity of New Mexico, a long-es-
ubhshed area studies center, and
the I-atin American Jewish
Studies Association, a newly-
burgenninK international asso-
| cation of scholars.
The aim of the three-day
I meeting was to provide infor-
mation on the treatment of
minorities in Latin America for
I the Institute and to augment the
Association's data on Latin
American Jewry, one of the least
studied and currently among the
most powerless and vulnerable
Jewish communities. More than
24 specialists from I,atin
America, the United States and
Isrel presented papers in English
and Spanish.
Frustration Turns to Fear
The general view of the spe-
cialists was that Latin American
Jews, are frustrated in their
efforts to translate their
economic well-being into some
modicum of political power. This
frustration turns to outright fear
when discrimination takes an
official turn, as it tends to do
during periods of economic and
political stress.
During last year's currency
crisis in Mexico, for example, a
legislator, Miguel Angel Olea
Enriquez. a member of Mexico's
Preserving the Memory
of A Vanished World
|A Vanished World. By Roman
Ivishniac Farrar. Strauss and
Giroux, 19 Union Square West.
New York. NY 10003. 1963. 179
i. $60.00
[Reviewed by Sylvia A.
iHerakowitz
In the 1930s a young photo-
Irrapher named Roman Vishniac
Iralized that the European
IJewish community was doomed.
|The idea came to him to photo-
Igraph all he could of his fellow
Jews and, thereby, at least pre-
[serve their enemy. Between 1934
kind 1939. he travelled, his camera
usually hidden, taking over
116,000 photographs of Jewish life
Ion the eve of World War II. It
I*i no eas) task since many
Ipmus .Vvkn did not care to be
Iphotonraph.-.! He was at times
I- 'nl of being a spy and was
|nen imprison. <| for a while.
When the war came, the nega-
I were hidden in France
of them were
IBufiscated. 2,000 pictures
!r*ived and "f these 179 were
this, impressive and
BX-inspiring volume.
Thos ,,f u_ wno Rrew up in
Wn,a have heard a great deal
about the Kastern European
'Met I that our grandparents or
P*t Krandparents came from.
I nostalgic reminiscences.
iremllected in tranquility. may
nave set the stage for the
romantin/m^ of shtetl life in
Popular arts, music, and drama
hs almost trivialized a
powerful and profound culture.
lirf\i'sh1"U roU8ea us from these
Wr daydreams Me introduces
" "' the real dim and sombre
\l^ of \|uka,.hev and ^^
C?S-Vi,n' ''"""'unities
"' had already been
on,h *h,,s'' members reflect
\Z '^ ,he *r,m troubled
|chli!n, th" environment
"d Pl-y. sheep
Ifr;'nter .shoppers haggle.
IfcuJ '""""uous stream of
,;" nd emerge from
\&*K* study halls, and
v r,,on,s The adult eyes
'*<-hw with his
BCC to offer
Hebrew
unobtrusive lens are troubled
the news each morning is worse
than the day before. But the
children's beautiful smiles shine
through the surrounding despair
innocents for whom this book
may be their only recorded
appearance in history. It is
practically impossible to turn the
pages without tears.
One wants to cry out to the
author Show us the rest! Print
them all!
Sylvia HershouiU is the director
of the Yeshiua University
Museum in New Yorh City.
ruling party, charged in the
Chamber of Deputies that Jews
were responsible for economic
crimes, specifically, speculation,
tax evasion and profiteering.
The experts also point out that
equally offensive is the feigned
tolerance such as visits to
synagogues during the high holi-
days by government officials
in countries headed by rightwing
dictators. But most alarming in
recent years, it was pointed out.
was the disproportionate number
of Jews between 1.200 to 1,500
kidnapped and in some cases
tortured under the military
regime in Argentina between
March. 1976, and October. 1983.
In the view of Dr. Carlos Wais-
man. a sociologist at the Univer-
sity of California in San Diego,
1-atin American Jews are out-
numbered, politically powerless
and vulnerable to scapegoat
actics. He described their sit-
uation as being "riders on a bus."
Efforts To Solve The Dilemma
One way Latin American Jews
iave tried to solve their dilemma
s by emigrating to Israel and to
ther countries. Dr. Sergio della-
'ergola. a demographer at the
ost it ute of Contemporary Jewry
_t the Hebrew University,
reported that between 1970 and
1980 more than 35.000 Jews left
Argentina. Jewish emigration
from other Latin American
countries also rose during that
period.
Dr. Judith Elkin. author of
"Jews in Latin American
Republics" (North Carolina
Press, 1980), pointed out that
assimilation is another way of
solving the dilemma. "The trend
. accelerates as more Jews
enter the university and go on to
the free professions," she said.
But emigration and
assimilation have not been the
only responses. Increased ten-
sions in recent years have caused
some Jews to return to or devote
more attention to Jewish culture
and tradition. Dr. Dan Levy of
'he State University of New York
in Albany reported upswings in
activities of Jewish day schools,
community centers and the
Conservative synagogue move- ,
ments in I,atin America.
Dr. Henrique Rattner of
Fundacao Getulio Vargas in Sao
Paulo, Brazil, was among the
speakers who said tha the was
encouraged by the recent election
in Argentina of President Raul
Alfonsin, whom he characterized
as a champion of social pluralism
and human rights, and of per-
sistent calls for democratic
elections in Brazil and Uruguay, i
But Dr. Gilbert Merk. director |
of the Latin American Institute, 1
said that these developments did
not necessarily mean that there
would be an abatement of anti-
Semitism. His forecast was that
the continuing credit indebt-
edness, inflation and unemploy-
ment in Latin America through-
out this decade would create
more political and economic
unrest and with it, a continued
high level of anti-Semitism.
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Page 18 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood / Friday. May 25,1984
4*t
Jcc
JEWISH COMMUNITY
CENTERS OF
SOUTH BROWARD
/
28J8HCH.LVWOOOblVD HOUrwOOO fLORIDA 3J020
921-6511 \
The Macabees and Macabetts of the JCC are a father-child
organization for children from first through sixth grades. In
honor of National Pet Week, May 6-12, one of the Macabett
tribes were given a tour of the Millwood Animal Hospital and
Bird Clinic operated by Dr. S. Schachter. They also helped to
celebrate the birthday of Rosie, the hospital's blood donor
dog, whose blood has helped save the lives of countless other
pets. Pictured form left to right: Elana Horowtiz, Jessica
Bernhard, Allison Wilner, Barbara Apple, Cindy Weisberg,
Marie Horowitz. Kneeling: nurse Joann Hiott, Dr. Steven
Schachter. Rosie, Meredith Friedman.
The Jewish Community Centers of South Broward received a
donation from the National Council of Jewish Women, Pem-
broke Pines Section. Florence Fondilier. President of the
section and Sylvia Giles. Vice-President of Community Affairs,
presented Mark Sherman. Program Director of the JCC with a
check for our Sports Camp Scholarship Fund. This generous
gift will allow one boy and one girl to spend two weeks each at
the JCC Sports Camp to be held this summer at C.H. Smith
Park.
SOUTHEAST
FOCAL POINT
SENIOR CENTER
New Class* For Jane
Hebrew Bible Study
Wednesdays 10 a.m.
Betty Goldenholc Instructor
Ballroom Dancing
Thursdays 1 p.m.
Alyce Solar Instructor
Current Events June 1, 15 and
29
Friday 1 p.m.
Syd Glugover Instructor
Movie Reminiscence June 8
and 22
Friday 1 p.m.
Stanley Rosenthal Instructor
Come to the "Copa" Musical
show at Marco Polo Hotel,
June 3. 2-4 p.m.
Tickets-SI 2
We are planning a seminar on
"Defensive Driving." a Stop
Smoking Clinic, and will -tPOttttott
forming a Summer Bowling
been living in South Florida for
10 years. Ms. Crockett posessea a
Bachelor of Arts Degree in
Education, and teaches English
at Gables Academy in Fort I.au-
derdale.
Christine has been studying
Karate under the instruction of
Mickey Erez. She will also be
teaching our campers this
summer.
The JCC of South Broward is
very pround of Ray Caldes. Ray
will be one of the P.E. Specialists
in our Sports Camp this summer.
As the coach of the Ely High
School Tack Team, Ray has been
named coach of the year Ray has
Ix-en a P.E. coach in manv differ -
Christine Donahue Crockett
New
features in
Israel Bonds!
Improved features for the $250
State of Israel Certifictu,
including its acceptance toward j
the purchase of El Al Israel Air-
line tickets on flights to and from]
Israel, have been announced by
the Israel Bond Organization.
The new Israel Bond instru-
ment was established to increase
identification with Israel by ]
expanding the number of visitors
to the country.
The Certificates will now have
the following graduated increases'
in their value each year if cashed
in Israel for Israeli currency:
after one year, $260. after two
years, $275: after three years,
$295; four years. $320: five years
(at maturity), $360. Certificates
must be at least one year old
before they are accepted by El Al
for tickets.
Another new feature, be
stated, provides that if the Certi-
ficates are held to their five-year
maturity and are not cashed in
Israel, the holder can add $200
and receive a $500 Current
Income Bond, giving theholdera
$50 bonus.
"Or, the holder can receive thi
$250 principal." he explained
"and thus will have provided a
loan to Israel for the building and
strengthening of its economy."
o

Is
Empire
League.
Please contact Rosalie at 921-
6518 for further information.
Registration if required.
The JCC of South Broward is
proud to introduce our team of
Karate Instructors for Camp
Kadima this season. Though the
main karate program will be
within Kadima. Sports Camp and
Survival Camp will also be in-
volved with this program.
Our main instructor. Mickey
Erez. is a 30 year old Israeli. He
is one of the few people in the
world with a disability to hold a
3rd Degree Black Belt in Full
Contact Karate, and who fights
people who are not disabled. In
Israel. Mickey was an instructor
in Karate for the Disabled, as
well as a Professional Expert in
the art of Full Contact Karate
and Self-Defense for the disabled
and non-disabled alike. Mickey
was wounded in 1973. and spent a
year in the hospital with a spinal
injury and partial paralysis from
the waist down. He now has re-
gained full control of his right
leg. but uses a brace for his left
leg It was in 1974 that Mickey
found Karate and began his
training.
During a tour of the United
States with the Israeli Full Con-
tact Team. Mickey met Dr. Allan
Fields. After the tour he decided
to move to the U.S.. aru began
teaching self-defense. Keeping in
close contact with Dr. Fields,
they decided one year later to
open a Karate School together.
They now operate the "Karate-
Ka International" Hollywood.
Christine Donahue Crockett,
originally from San Diego has
JCC Singles 20-40 Hawaiian
luau dance bv the poolside of the
Michael-Ann Russell JCC.
Swimming optional; wear your
flowered shirts. Saturday May
27. 9 p.m.; $4 for members. $6 for
non-members.
/H
Mickey Erez
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Friday, May 25,1984 / The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-HoUy wood Page 19
Listen to private, not public,
Arab statements
ByMORRISJ AMITAY
In hta major new novel 'The
u,"renowned author Leon Una
Sent* fascinating insights into
jTcultural and aoc'olog.cal
'* behind the Arab
SEcy to distort reality to fit
So-n needs. Ass result, not
golv are ignominious military
.Wmis transformed into great
SB* but the self delusion
oeittss reality of its own.
For instance, one recalls the
exchange at the beginning of the
Six-Day War in June, iw><,
between President Nssser of
Egypt and King Hussein of
Jordan Nasser, who hsd been
announcing glowing triumphs to
the Egyptian public, told
Hussein in a phone call, inter-
cepted by Israeli intelligence and
subsequently released, that his
armies were nearing Tel Aviv,
and that hundreds of Israeli air-
craft had been downed. Acting on
Nasser's wholly fictitious
account of the actual battles.
Hussein (who really should have
known belterl attacked Jewish
Jerusalem despite Israeli pleas
transmitted to him to stsy out of
the war As a result. Hussein
swiftly lost the West Bsnk seized
by his grandfather in 1948.
It's always good to have a
winning attitude in any competi-
tion but unless defeat can be
frankly acknowledged and dealt
with, the proper leseonJ are not
learned \j heads of autocratic
Vrab leaders cannot
acknowledge weakness to their
inii since open debate
Israel a role
model for
U.S.
business
NEW YORK (JTAI Top
necutives of Fortune 500
companies view Israel as a
flowing technological power and
role model for U.S. business, a
Jew study reveals. According to
Research and Forecasts, the New
ork based firm which conducted
the research, Israel's emergence
" center for technological
"velopment demonstrates a
^gnificant shift among business
wders away from the U.S. and
f-urope as a breeding ground for
* ideas and technology.
The executives cited Japan and
" as the top nations in
plating research and
aevelopment efforts among
Jvjdual companies and entire
ftttriaa and noted that both
^"tr'es have policies which
forage cooperative efforts
anri.r indu9lry. universities
"""government.
TJe survey was conducted in
5? *** the Jerusalem
*onom,c Conference. sn
Jmational forum on high
SttSS i.ndu8tries to be held
"'month in |,rad. ,,
Isrli.' Lconom'c Minister for the
i,^"' implications for
never occurs, they have a mono-
poly in what information is
disseminated. So myths of Arab
superiority are perpetuated
along with hatred of Israel as a
means of retaining power.
State Department Arabists as
well as our top policy makers
often advise us to ignore the
public rhetoric of Arab leaders,
and to listen instead to what they
say privately as if what is said
privately is always truthful and
rational.
This distinction in evaluating
statements made by Arab leaders
has ever been candidly acknowl-
edged. In a February. 1984
conversation in Cairo with two
prominent American Jewish
leaders. Egypt's president Hosni
Mubarak gave a brief dissert-
ation on the distinction between
what an Arab says publicly and
what he says privately. This
"confession" was prompted by
Mubarak's explanation of why
King Hassan of Morroco had to
state publicly that Mubarak had
told him the Camp David process
"is dead" even though
Hassan, according to Mubarak,
knew this was not true.
All of these machinations with
thelj
"A
"ted States.
America's
l A majority 0f
"*5 u?1" h" n0t done
to m*VB tn>urage industries
'he art.rWa/d porously in
i and
"They
develop8 f re9erch
\ePment." he
said
^ U) ot K- "V ",U ,neV
other countries to find
n IZ.solutlon to surviving
^Ideconn^'^y npatitiv.
economy in the future."
regard to the truth surely make
dealing with Arab governments a
difficult task. But it should also
remind us that in our own
nation's dealing with Israeli
leadership the United States may
not always like what it hears, but
what it does hear publicly or
privately it can count on. It
also gives credence to Israel's
reluctance to rely on the word
printed or otherwise of its
Arsb neighbors. For a most
recent example, witness the
Lebanese repudiation of its with-
drawal agreement with Israel.
As Uris' fictional characters
demonstrate, and as recent
disappointments over Arsb
private assurances have shown
even the most "moderate" of
Arab leaders too often do not
deliver because they cannot.
Even assuming the best of inten-
tions at the time solemn pledges
are given, the specter of the
assassin's bullet or a military
coup invariably can induce a
rapid change of mind. It is this
reality that U.S. policy-makers
must keep in mind in determining
who can and cannot be trusted to
protect America's national inter-
ests in the Middle East.
The Latin-American group met Saturday night May 12 at
the home of Margarita and Joseph Terkiel for an evening of
socializing and listening to music by Cantor Jose
Wichelewaki and Rabbi Harold Richter From left, Abe
Flemenbaum, vice president; Cecilia Kotler, secretary; Jose
Wichelewaki; Joseph and Margarita Terkiel, boats; and Silvio
Sperber, treasurer.
Latin-American group attracts new members st meeting. The
purpose of the group is to get together Spanish-speaking
Jews to learn about the Jewish community of South Browsrd
and the Federation.
short
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Page 20 The Jewish Floridian of South Broward-Hollywood / Friday. May 25.1984
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