The Jewish Floridian of Tampa


Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of Tampa
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Fred K. Shochet
Place of Publication:
Miami, Fla


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Tampa (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Hillsborough County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Hillsborough -- Tampa


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vo1. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 6, 1979)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issues for: v.2, no. 21; v.3, no. 14; v.4, no. 32, and; v.8, no. 3, omitted in numbering sequence and were not published.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issue for Feb. 27, 1981 called also v.3, no. 8, repeating numbering of previous issue.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issue for Nov. 12, 1982 called v.55, no. 46 in masthead, but constitutes v.4, no. 39, as stated in publisher's statement.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issues for Jan. 9 & 23, 1987 called v.9, no. 2 & 3, but constitute v.9, no. 1 & 2 respectively.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44620289
lccn - sn 00229553
System ID:

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Jewish Floridian

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Full Text
^Jewisii Florid tin
Of Tampa
Volume 1 Number 13
Tampa, Florida Friday, June 29,1979
Price 35 Cents
^^ Weizman Resigns
CJF General Assembly
Opens New Dimensions
From Autonomy Talks
Editor-in-chief emeritus, JTA
A new and important leaf in
the history of the Jewish
Federations was opened at the
Special General Assembly of the
Council of Jewish Federations,
held in Denver. The effects of the
decisions adopted at this special
conclave soon will be felt in many
areas of Jewish communal life in
this country.
The fact that a special
assembly was convened
irrespective of the annual CJF
General Assembly which is
scheduled to be held in November
in Montreal indicates in itself
the importance of the Denver
gathering. The decisions adopted
there are a result of a two-year
self-examination of the CJF as
the collective instrument of the
dynamically growing Federations
and their impact on the American
Jewish community. The in-
tensive self-study was completed
for submission to the CJF Special
Assembly, after individual
consultation with more than
1,500 community leaders. It is
the first such self-evaluation in
the 49 years of the CJF existence.
The approval in Denver by the
large body of delegates of the
recommendations emanating
from the massive study opens
new dimensions for the CJF. It
reflects the vastly changed role of
the Federations and of the CJF,
their central organ, with the
march of time. It indicates a firm
belief in the continuity of a
growing organized Jewish
communal life in the years to
UNDER THE adopted
recommendation, the CJF will
intensify its role as the
spokesman on various major
national and international issues
in the areas of Federation
responsibility. The CJF has also
been authorized in Denver to
bring together autonomous
national Jewish institutions and
organizations willing to
collaborate on various aspects of
their work and take joint action
based on consensus.
The CJF expansion marks the
taking on by the CJF of an in-
tensive program in assuring
creative Jewish survival, in
setting priorities, in grappling
with the threat of assimilation
through strengthening Jewish
education, as well as with other
problems and changes in Jewish
life. The CJF governance will be
strengthened by increasing
involvement of Federation
leaders in the decision-making
structure and procedure. Staff
and services will be streng
thened for far-reaching
actions to help the Federations
develop additional financial
resources in the fields of fund-
Continued on Page 8
Defense Minister Ezer
Weizman resigned, with the
approval of the Cabinet
Sunday, from the six-man
ministerial delegation
negotiating with Egypt and
the U.S. on autonomy for
the West Bank and Gaza
Weizman, who has been at
odds with Prime Minister
Menachem Begin over the
government's settlement policy
and other issues, said he wanted
to leave the negotiating team
because he felt it was too large.
His formal request to be
relieved of that duty was
presented to the Cabinet by
Begin and approved without
rancor. The atmosphere at the
session was said to be free of the
tensions between ministers that
characterized the earlier Cabinet
EARLIER, Weizman and
Begin conferred privately. No
details of their conversation were
disclosed, but the Prime
Minister's office issued a
statement later saying that
Begin did not ask the Defense
Minister to carry out the
government's decisions because
he has been doing that as a
matter of course-
It is understood that Weizman
reiterated his opposition to the
controversial Gush Emunim
settlement of Alon Moreh near
Continued on Page 6
1111111111HTW^^;.. i 1.1.1 l.l.l.l.l
i i ii i"i 11 i 1111
Must Be Settled
Two Israeli Arabs
Victims of Own Bomb
Statute of Limitations at Critical Phase
Bundestag's momentous debate
over the extension of the statute
of limitations for the prosecution
of Nazi war criminals is nearing a
climax with supporters
demanding an early decision and
opponents pressing a string of
proposals that could, in effect,
allow most Nazis still at large to
go scot-free.
Herbert Wehner, the Social
Democratic Party floor leader has
urged that a vote be taken before
parliament recesses for the
summer in mid-July. The statute
is due to expire on Dec. 31 unless
extended or abolished.
"This is a burning issue which
must be settled at the soonest,"
he said, noting that "the dis-
cussions are now in a critical
phase. We must have a clear
decision and I won't tolerate any
tricks and maneuvers to post-
pone it any longer. And I reject
attempts to reverse the basic
intentions of the law," Wehner
FORMER Justice Minister
Gerhard Jahn, deputy chairman
of the Social Democratic Party,
supported Wehner. He noted that
"certain Bonn parliamentarians"
are trying to "push through
special regulations for criminals
who committed crimes during the
Nazi time."
He was referring to a series of
proposals by the opposition
Christian Democratic Party
including one that "minor Nazi
criminals" should be exempted
from prosecution "if the accused
was in a subordinate position and
carried out orders."
Another proposal by the
Christian Democrats' legal
advisor, Benno Ehrhard, would
drop cases where the "moral and
social behavior of the accused
permits the conclusion that he
won't commit any more crimes."
That was not supported by the
opposition party, however, and is
given little chance of acceptance.
Wehner characterized the
various opposition proposals as
tantamount to "a sort of am-
pears to be a considerable
number of Bundestag deputies
who prefer to allow the statute of
limitations extended twice in
the past 20 years to expire,
thereby conferring immunity on
war criminals whose whereabouts
are presently unknown.
Wehner said he was astonUied
that such sentiments should exist
"in a country where a growing
number of books and records
demand tough counteraction
before a threat materializes."
Heinz Galinski, chairman of
West Berlin's Jewish com-
munity, said he suspected the
Ehrhard proposal was intended
to relegate Nazi war crimes to the
category of "trifles and petty
cases." He said that gave rise to
fear that the effort to continue
the prosecution of Nazi criminals
may not command a parlia-
mentary majority.
two' Israeli Arabs killed when a
bomb exploded in their pick-up
truck outside the central bus
station here June 24 were iden-
tified Monday.
Iranian Student:
Problems on Both Fronts
Where do you turn when you
are a student from another
country, in America on a student
(temporary) visa, and you no
longer can receive funds from
home due to political chaos and
upheaval there? Your visa
restrictions are such that you
cannot work and must remain in
school to stay in this country.
You are afraid to return home due
to the same upheaval which
prevents the funds from flowing.
And besides, you are Jewish, and
the chaos has left the situation of
the Jews at home in a very un-
certain state.
This is the plight of the Iranian
Jewish students now studying in
the USA. There are three known
students in this position at the
University of South Florida. One
of them spoke with The Jewish
Floridion this week, making
certain that he would not be
identified either by name or by
photo. He has a lot of family
remaining in Teheran and does
not want to take a chance of
endangering them. And, too,
there are a lot of Moslem
students here in Tampa, and he
doesn't want to do anything to
call attention to himself in their
eyes either. We will call him Mr.
The first thing that you notice
about Mr. X is the sadness in his
eyes. He has a beautiful smile,
accentuated by the contrast of
slightly darker skin and very
white teeth. But those eyes. They
are telling you of his heartbroken
Continued on Page 9
Security sources said they were
victims of their own device which
they had intended to plant in the
bus terminal although neither
man had a record of past contacts
with extremist or terrorist
The dead are Issa Ismail
Yousouf, 43, a dealer in Arabic
books in Kfar Kassem village
who owned the Ford pick-up
truck and George Theodori, 24,
an employe of the East Jerusalem
Electric Corp., an independent
utility that supplies East Jeru-
salem and neighboring villages
with electricity.
YOUSOUF was described as a
wealthy man of a respectable
family. His relatives said today
that the bomb 5 kgs. of high
explosives was placed in his
truck without his knowledge.
But security sources believe
Yousouf was employed by ter-
rorists to transport the bomb
because his vehicle carried Israeli
license plates that would not
arouse suspicion in Tel Aviv.
They're also investigating
whether Theodori, an electrical
engineer, might not have been
engaged in preparing bombs and
timing devices.
According to security sources,
the bomb intended for the bus
station was set to detonate in
mid-morning. However, an
unusual traffic jam may have
caused a fatal delay, they said or,
alternatively, the bomb may have
exploded when the truck was
brought to a sudden stop. In any
event, numerous lives were
spared. The explosion caused
slight injuries to five passers by
from flying glass. There were no
other fatalities.

Reflections of Gary Alter. .Page 3

Pi*e 2
The Jewish Floridian of Tampa
Friday, June 29,1979
Spotlight on
Richard Hodes, FMA Head, Legislator
Editor's \ote: Last week we
spotlighted David Shear, presi-
dent of the Florida Bar Asso-
ciation. Today we feature the
president of the Florida Medical
Association, Dr. Richard S.
Hodes. Until just a few months
ago these gentlemen lived just a
few houses apart. (Xow the
Hodes live in a Bayshore con-
dominium.) They still joke about
"keeping things in the neighbor-
hood." Betueen them lives
Mayor Bill Poe, and two doors
from the Hodes' former home
lived Mayor Dick Greco
Dr. Richard S. Hodes. for 13
years a member of the State of
Florida Legislature and now
president of the Florida Medical
Association. A little bit incon-
gruous you say? Not at all when
you talk to Dick Hodes. It is just
two careers he manages to
balance very carefully "... by
memorizing the Official Airline
Dick and Margie Hodes met
while both were students in New
Orleans, he at Tulane and she at
Sophie Newcomb (Margie is a
native of Bogalusa, La.). Dick
had grown up in Miami Beach,
although he was born in New
York. During the time he was in
school, his family had moved to
Deland (that's the county seat of
Volusia County over on the east
Now he was out of school
having specialized in anes-
thesiology and was looking for a
spot in Florida to practice some*
where out of the Miami area. "At
the time there were anes-
thesiologists only in the larger
cities. Orlando had two. Jackson-
ville had one. Most hospitals had
anesthetists on the staff and that
was it." explained Dr. Hodes.
"WE HAD been looking in St.
Petersburg, and on the way back
through Tampa I decided to call
the then president of the State
Association of Anesthesiologists.
Dr. Harold Carron. (Dr. Carron is
now at the University of Virginia
Medical School on the teaching
faculty.) I did not know him, it
was strictly a blind call.
"He was in and invited us to
come over to his home on Davis
Islands. We did. And Davis
Islands just looked pretty. He
thought Tampa might have some
opportunity for another anes-
thesiologist, and that's how we
got to Tampa and have stayed
here ever since.
"The practice of anes-
thesiology has very limited
patient contact, and I was
looking for something else," is
the explanation Dick Hodes gives
for turning to politics. It is
obvious in talking to him that he
is very people-oriented. He even
said that in college he had written
for the New Orleans Times-Pica-
yune and was interested in com-
munity affairs all through school-
He told of his friend who joined
the Marines to become a war cor-
respondent (that's WWII), and
he had considered that. too.
"Doctors' meetings are only on
the weekends. legislative
meetings are only during the
week. There really is very little
calendar conflict." And as to
conflict of interests between the
legislature and medicine. Dr.
Hodes feels "that whatever
conflict there is had been there
for lihe past 13 years. Being the
president does not create any
additional area for concern."
DICK HODES pointed out
that the last doctor in the Florida
Legislature, Dr. John Wall, also
from Tampa, also became the
State Medical Association
president. He was elected to the
legislature in 1882 and president
in 1896.
"I like to to where the action
is. In my practice there just is not
a whole lot of that. Like the time
I had bean to Washington on
1 o\ir dependence on the OFfiC coun- .? I d^u^cyT"
I -i,wWiiumbOWpvernmm^
would have on their office wall
the "8 Steps in the Golden Lad-
der of Charity" of Maimonides?
"I have this on my wall both in
Tampa and Tallahassee. Cathy
Gardner (Hank and Frimit Gard-
ner's daughter) copied it in
calligraphy for me. I even give
copies of it away as sourvenirs."
He went on to say that as far as
he knew, he was the first Jewish
president of. the Florida Medical
Hodes has served on the board
Dr. Hodes
Conference on State Legislatures
(of which he is president-elect)
and was standing with Dick
Pettigrew in the hall outside Vice
President Mondale's office when
Mondale came bursting through
the door and said I just hung up
on the President. We have an
agreement in the Middle East.'
It's exciting! That's why I like
Dick is particularly caught up
in his work with the National
Conference of State Legislatures.
He said that his work with this
group took him to Washington
for a lot of committee work both
with executive and congressional
agencies. This organization has a
twofold purpose, to represent the
interests of state legislatures in
the agencies and to improve the
operation of state legislatures.
The presidency of the State
Medical Association seems
almost to follow naturally after
the years Dick has spent on com-
mittees there as well as serving
as treasurer prior to being elected
presidentelect. He teaches oc-
casionally at the University of
South Florida Medical School
and has also lectured in their
graduate political science
program. (That is a rare com-
bination.) Prior to the opening of
the USF Medical School, he had
lectured at the University of
Florida Medical School.
CONCERNING the ruckus
over the new museum and the
problems between the city.
Tampa Bay Art Center and the
Ringling Museum. Dick says he
almost is sorry that he started
the whole thing. "Because of
some of my very closest friends
being involved, it is a particularly
touchy situation. We just cannot
discuss it among ourselves.
Hopefully it is all worked out
now. At least temporarily."
Maintaining a legislative office
both here and in Tallahassee
requires a very qualified support
staff. something he states
proudly that he certainly has.
"And I must tell you that Linda
Zipser (daughter of Helga and
Lester Zipser) is my adminis-
trative assistant and educational
specialist. She serves on my staff
as speaker of the house pro-tem."
Can you imagine any other
member of the legislature who
of Temple Schaarai Zedek and at
one time taught an adult
Religious School class on com-
parative religions and medieval
Jewish philosophy. "This was
quite a long time ago, I believe it
got started because Rabbi
Zielonka asked me to try my
hand at teaching there."
FOR THE moment, he is a
very busy man. Most mornings
he's in surgery, most afternoons
he's in his legislative office and
most weekends he's on the beach
in Sarasota unless one of his
many commitments demands his
presence elsewhere.
The Hodes' daughter Lyn and
her husband Barry Meyerson live
in Temple Terrace, where he is
director of fiscal services of the
HRS District. Says Dick. "Right
now I really have the best of all
worlds. Two professions I enjoy,
my daughter living in town and
that glorious Gulf of Mexico
beach nearby." That sounds like
the words of a very contented
Charity* fcoUKit Xafcfcer
(Stun m eijjht dcjrtts or steps in flu duty of charrta.. rhe first and
to.est oeoxrt is it sivt. but with reluctance or regret.tub Is tht gtft of the
lumo, but not of the heart.
^iie second fc, to aioe chttrfuHj, tori not proportionate lg t tte
distress of the suffettr.
Sfe thtrt is ,tc Biw< chetrfulls an* propartiomrttlii, *nl not
Sk fsurtk is. to jiue chttrfaUs, prsportisnattljj, ano toes trasniicife*.
xt to put It in Hit psor mans tun*, thertsu exerting In htm the painfol
emotion of shente.
2"ne fifth is. to jie charita in suet >*u ftat the distressed man;
rexetue the asuntjj, an* fcna their heittfactor, nntaout their being laoa
to him. Snch toss toe canduct of some of oirr ancestors, mho useft to lie
up money in the corners of their cloaks, so that tht pear might taXe ft
^Tne sixth, which rises still higher is to knorn the objects of our
fcauirtjji, tmt remain unknown to them, gurh mas the conduct of those of
our ancestors, who us* to convey their charitable gifts into poor
people's dwelling; taking cart that their own persons an* names
should remain unknon>n.
(Jite aewealh is still more mtritorious.naiitelg to bestow charity
in such a way thai the benefactor may not know tht relieved persons,
nor thty the ttamt of their benefactors, as was done hu our charitable
fortfathtrs during the existence of tht Jtemplt. For fftere was In that
nolg building a plate catted tht Chamber of the silent, wherein tht
good deposited serTttty whatever thtir generous hearts suggested,
and from Which the poor were maintained with eouel secrecy.
f*astlg. tht eighth, and tht most mtritorfcus of all. is to
anticipate charity, hy preventing poverty; namely, to assist fit*
reduced fellowman, either by a considerable .gift, or a loan of
money, or hy tcachiny him a trade, or by putting him in the way of
business, so that ft* mu earn an Honest livelihood; and not be
forced to tht Jrtalful alttrnativt of hotting out his hand for cfcaritg.
SO this Scripture alludes when it say* : Ano if toy brother bt waxtn
poor, and fallen tn decay with mtt, then thou shall relieve htm; yea,
though he he 1 stranger or a sojoumtr; that ht nury lh>t with the*,
tnis is tht highest step and the summit of charity"* golden ln&dtr.
- maimonio**
Help Wanted
Recreation coordinator for
county-wide senior citizen
program. Plan and imple-
ment daily classes, special
events, physical activities,
field trips, special projects,
using volunteer instructors.
Monitoring, record keeping,
publicity responsibilities.
AA degree and a minimum of
one year related experience.
Send letter, resume to co-
ordinator. Senior Citizens
Project. Jewish Community
Center. 2808 Horatio.
Tampa. FL 33609 before
July 13.
EEO A A Employer
Looking for summer job? The Jewish Floridian will
print short, classified ads FREE OF CHARGE for
students staking lob*. Please submit your ad in writing
by Juna 28 to:
Tha Jawish Floridian
3655 Handarson Blvd. IF
Tampa, Fla. 33609
your ad will run for two weeks at no charge to you.
Synagogue Directory
2111 Swonn Avenue 255-o371 or 251-4275 Robbi Nathan Bryn
Services: Friday. 8 p.m.; Saturday, 9 a.m. Daily: morning and
evening minyan
2001 Swonn Avenue251-4215 Rabbi Somuel Mallinger Services
Friday. 8 p.m., Saturday. 9 a.m. Daily: morning and evening
885 3356 Allan Fox. President Services: first and third Friday of
each month at the Community Lodge. Waters and Ola, 8 p.m.
2713 Bayshore Boulevard 837 1911 Hazzan William Hauben
Services. Fndoy. 8 15pm; Saturday. 10 a.m. Daily: Minyan, 7:15
a.m., Sunday, 9am
3303 Swonn Avenue 876 2377 Rabbi Frank Sundheim Services
Friday. 8 p.m.
Jewish Student Center (USF). 3645 Fletcher Avenue 971-4768 or
985-7926 Rabbi tazar Rivkin Rabbi Yokov Werde Services
Fndoy, 8 p m Shabbos meal follows services Saturday. 10 a.m. -
Kiddush follows services
Jewish Student Center, University of South Florida, 13422 Village
Circle, Apt 121 988-7076 or 988-1234 Robot Mark Krom Ser-
vices: Friday, 7:30 p.m.
1 .1 ._

Friday, June 29, 1979
The Jewish Floridian of Tampa
Page 3
Reflections by the Executive Directori
Executive Director,
Tampa Jewish Federation
It is difficult for me to realize
that July 1 will mark my first
anniversary as executive director
of the Tampa Jewish Federation.
Perhaps this is a good time to
take a few minutes to pause and
reflect on community life.
One of the first thoughts that
comes to mind is the way my
family and I have been received
by the Tampa community. I
receive many calls from families
interested in moving to Tampa,
and I cannot overstate the
warmth and friendship that
exists in this community. Tampa
is a friendly community a
reputation that I hope will con-
tinue to grow!
There have been a number of
achievements during the past
year, as well as many items on
my personal agenda left to be
Half of Israel's Arabs
Reject Country's Existence
TEL AVIV (JTA) Half of
Israel's Arab population believes
that Israel does not have the
right to exist and much larger
percentages hold negative views
of Zionism and support the
establishment of a Palestinian
state, according to the results of
a survey made public here.
The survey was conducted
among Israeli Arabs by the
Institute of Research and
Development of Arab Education
under the direction of Dr. Sami
Samouha, head of the Arab
Department of the Arab-Jewish
Center at Haifa University. It
was financed by a grant from the
Ford Foundation.
THE POLL showed that while
50 percent reject Israel's right to
exist, 64 percent consider the
Zionist movement to be racist; 75
percent of Arabs holding an
Israeli passport support a
Palestinian state; and 48 percent
define themselves as
The findings showed further
that 87 percent of Israel's Arabs
support the return of Israel to its
pre-1967 borders, and 59 percent
woufd have it return to the
original borders envisaged in the
1947 partition plan. Of those
responding, 64 percent favored
abolition of the Law of Return
which allows Jews from
anywhere in the world to settle in
Israel as citizens.
as cashier and manager In Russia.
Call Tampa Jewish Social Service
t 872-4451
Real Estate Wanted
seeking an apartment building or
large home within a three (3) mile
radius ot the Jewish Community
Center which would be suitable
lor conversion to e group living
laclllty. Contact Harriet Cohen at
Tampa Jewish Social Service
Russian Resettlement
Program needs sewing
machines, Cassette Tape
Players, Household Ap-
pliances, Furniture, and
Green Stamps!
growing polarization among
Israeli Arabs. He said there is
constant defection from the
formerly large group that tried to
adapt itself to the Jewish State.
He warned that sooner or later
the Israeli government will be
compelled to put the problem of
Israeli Arabs on the agenda of
the peace process, something, he
said, it has failed to do so far.
accomplished. One of my major
concerns is the number of com-
mitments, as well as the level of
financial commitment, to the
Federation. I would say that in
terms of delivering services to
people, we are at the highest
point we have ever reached. In all
fields, our agencies are able to
continue to provide high quality
service even with limited
TO CONTINUE to meet this
high level of service, we must
continue to expand our fund-
raising, not only to meet in-
flation, but to continue to provide
new and expanded services that
are essential in a growing com-
munity. In addition to our annual
campaign, we will be instituting a
legacy and endowment program
that can become an answer to
future needs.
The leadership we are de-
veloping, through Young Leader-
ship programs and through our
agencies, is as fine as any other
that exists. We are aware of the
need to expand this leadership
base and with the addition of an
assistant director to the Fed-
eration staff, we should be able to
institute additional programs
and activities that will fulfill this
I also want to mention the
professional staff of our com-
munity. I am most proud of this
staff and feel very strongly that
we have one of the top staffs in
the country for a community of
our size. Their dedication to their
agencies has undoubtedly played
a major role in bringing the
Tampa community to its present
level of achievement.
One of the major achievements
that I feel has been accomplished
is to make the Federation more
visible in its role as coordinator of
community activity. While the
annual campaign is essential,
there are many other areas of
community that the Federation
leadership has begun to recognize
as its responsibility.
program has been expanded and
will continue to play a major part
in relations with the non-Jewish
community in such areas as
Israel affairs, Soviet Jewry and
interpreting the Holocaust. The
Shalom-Tampa Program has
been expanded to welcome new
residents to Tampa.
A major community priority
has been the need for a demo-
graphic study to help determine
who, what and where we are. I am
pleased that a demographic
study will get underway within
the next two months. A com-
munity planning committee will
be viewing both the short and
long range plans. In general, as
the Tampa community continues
to grow, the Tampa Jewish Fed-
eration will continue to intensify
its efforts both here in Tampa
and in Israel. I believe we have
the capacity to have a profound
and lasting impact in all areas of
concern to us.
1t79 R. J. Rynold Tobacco Co.
Warning: The Surgeon General Has Determined
That Cigarette Smoking Is Dangerous to Your Health.
i'.Wh ell.llIMUiA
13 mg "in".09 mg nicMm pti cHptttt. HC Rtpw MAY'

Tht Jewish Floridian of Tampa
Friday, June 29, lftg
Jewish Floridian Why Should Anyone be Shocked?]
of Tampa
BuatiMa CWBc MH Haodanon Or*.. Tampa, ru.
Editor and PxibUahar Esvcuttv* Editor
Friday. June 29.19T9
Volume 1
4 TAMUZ 5739
Number 13
Jackson-Vanik Amendment
Supporters of the Soviet Jewry emigration
movement should be prepared for a concerted drive
by the Carter Administration to repeal the Jackson-
Vanik Amendment or at least find some way to
circumvent it. President Carter had made no secret of
his desire to extend Most Favored Nation trade
status to the Soviet Union, especially since it is to be
granted to the Peoples Republic of China.
And with the signing of the SALT II agreement
in Vienna, this will be a major administration
Many members of Congress, including Rep.
Charles Vanik (D.. Ohio), co-author of the Jackson-
Vanik Amendment, are known to believe that serious
consequences may result if China is given the trade
benefits and they are denied to the Soviets.
Many others are being influenced by the in-
creasing number of Jews allowed to leave the USSR
and by the release of Soviet dissidents and Jewish
activists from Siberian prisons.
But these moves have not convinced Sen. Henry
Jackson iD Wash), the other co-author of the
amendment. and such Senators as New York's Jacob
Javits. a Republican, and Daniel Moynihan. a
Jackson correctly pointed out that "many of
those who are now urging repeal because the
numbers (of emigrants) have been going up. were
urging repeal last year because they said the
numbers were going down." Jackson said the
amendment must remain law "as long as the
prisoners remain in jail." as long as people are
"punished for asking to emigrate" and as long as
people have "to wait two. three, four, even six or
seven years for a visa."
He said the President has promised, in writing,
to uphold the Jackson-Vanik .Amendment, and "I
intend to hold him to that promise." The American
Jewish communitv can do no less.
"Why is it so bad to be a
Nan"?" Prof. Pierre Maurer of the
Cochinport Royal Medical School
in Paris asked the other day. "I
don't see why anyone should be
Herr Maurer. who served with
the Charlemagne Division of the
Adolf Hitler Institute, was
addressing his assembly of
medical students when be laid it
on the line. "I have been s fascist,
and I remain a fascist. I remain
totally for the elite."
HE MAY stil be what he
considers for. by. and with the
elite. But as far as the medical
school is concerned, be is out.
removed, fired, sent parking.
And the medical students at the
Cochinport Royal, happy to have
four years of Maurer's teaching
behind them, have issued a
forthright disclaimer: "Fascism
constitutes an appeal to murder.
Racism, condemned by law, must
be fought."
Perhaps we need this kind of
case history occasionally to jog
sagging memories about the
outrage of Nazism.
We had strong reminders in
1977 when an American historian
and a British writer tried to
whitewash the scarlet letter of
Hitlerism Prof. Arthur R.
of Northwestern University i
forth with a book called
Hoax of tht 20th Century"^
which his revisionist pen insisted
that the claim that six million
Jews had been killed by the Nazis
was a falsity, nothing more than
a Zionist plot.
AND OVER in London. David
Irving cooked up a similar pot of
mush in Hitler's War, insisting
that Hitler probably knew about
the concentration camps that
studded his Reich but surely was |
unaware that his domain em-
braced extermination camps.
But the Nazi sickness is not I
confined to a medical school in
Paris or to the scribblers now
busy sprinkling perfume ova
depravity. Extremist German
rightwing organizations ap,|
proximate 150 with more than f
20,000 members; ultra-rightist
publications in the land locked
into Hitler's rule 35 years ago an |
numbered well over 100.
CBS's hard-hitting 60 Minuui]
shot fright into many hearts not'
long ago by showing us how well-1
entrenched in Paraguay today
are Dr. Josef Mengele. "tht
Butcher of Auschwitz," and
Heinrich Mueller, who was neat
the top of Gestapo activities
before finding a well-feathered |
nest in Paraguay-
And in Paris. Louis Darquierl
de PeUepotx. now 76. has hit the
headlines again with his defense |
of service he provided the Nam,
as Vichy high commissioner for |
"Jewish affairs."
IS THERE no good news this I
in this sector of remembrance of
those years of horror? Not loni
ago. Israel's ambassador to tht
Hague bestowed Yad V ashen
awards on 50 righteous non-Jews |
who helped save Jews at
own peril when Hitler's spies i
agents hovered near. And durinfl
the Passover and Easter holiday
season, a program produced
the Anti- Defamation League paid I
Palestinians See Cause Weaken
Flatto-Sharon Appeals
For Public Support
T^f -" Arab leaders and
oesJasaoa. as eel as division,
pro-Arab waasiiaiii i in
9asaHl ftmmMmm -^ :*.-**_
bate Knesset member who a
ftghuag oa two fronts agazat
Prance for a raaaa-a' scanda.
bow before Preach courts and
agaxist a reqasat of the IsraeL
MasjBjBja General la warre ha
Kaesset -~rra;rt!ty so that, he
Feuo-Searon. can be charged
- .to. .vrc-C. --""-"-*
tin fenethat he a
tr th
as received aa the free
.-He a< ev;_i_c fa '^* aeaea-
casuoae aa the Arab worid
Pisaa sapaaaTsi i of the Pake-
i Israel sad Egypt.
aaateaaaa daring and after the
Caaae David meetings ia
the pebbc. And to
Oa the rt of the
the Kacaart over the
rscussg for h
careful sat to
specs* cars ar la any for
tares- He oaJy amtad
palters by ads the pa
ane. Over LOW pases*. mi y^ w mml ^ w
' ** eeer. frasa asataaa !fct ^g ..
aa the Tel Avrc Hataa
aftitodf of the Palestinians and
their supporters in the Arab
world and in Britain was Sir
Harold Beelry
HE WAS one of the moat
influential advisers on Palestine
to the late Ernest Bevin. the
British Foreign Secretary, who
followed a pro-Arab policy un-
mecbaieK before and after tht
birth of the State of Israel ia
Sir Harold has made clear his
strong pro-.Arab sympathies, but
he is a man whose actions are
by practacal and
as well as pHf^al
He noted how often the
.Arabs had missed
law to gam advantages
i which they could have bunt
a? a strong base, as the Isrsehs
------1----- a aa j .
Teas after taee. the fhHish
and the world oasa-
raade major offers to
the Pajfatauaas. These had been
lesstted wh riasiaein sad
whet the Paeataiani rejected,
the Isrsehs gra
NOW. oacwaaj
and srjeaano'
; ivw
attached to the Arab cause thai
thev feel that the PLO leaden
and' Yasir Arafat in particular
are mming a golden opportunity
.Arafat refused several in"
utioas from President Carter ul
change his aHiUHfr* and to accept I
the exatence of Israel not by (
dramatic gesture, but by i|
pliratinri. through the acceptanaI
of UN Resolution 242
HE REJECTED them all and I
inflamed by the Moslem rev|
kution in Iran, has used
boyant language about cut
off American hands-
What are the alternatives to"I
Egyptian-Israeli treaty* Can th-
UN Serurity Council imp*!
peace* It has failed to do so for*I
veers Would s Geneva c*
ference, writh the Russians taki
a leading part. P^"* '
solution* Not even the <*
could res*
Data the PUI
that s victorious J'l
Israel would give *
a couatn? No pr*|
tical ohserrar coekt accept that
It is this aeshras that hasWl
Sir Harold to the strong be*
that the PLO asset abaadoBPI
and polksss Prane Mbu*[
I s.Hnaaij plan for *
Wast Beak sad Gaaa a not \
a grvea
^iev caald buikl
the PLO

Friday, June 29,1979
The Jewish Floridian of Tampa
Page 5

JCC Award Memorializes f "^"L^Ts
x> u t i t\ i a Four Extradition Requests
Bob Jackson s Dedication
JCC past president
This is the second article in a
series of three highlighting the
major community awards. These
awards were given at the annual
meeting of the Federation, Center
and Social Service.
When the Board of Directors of
the Jewish Community Center
voted to establish an award to
honor a Board member for
donation and dedication to the
center, there was no question
after whom they would name the
award- The name Bob Jacobson
was synonomous with the center.
At the time (1974) he was
racked with pain, and cancer was
slowly taking his life. It wasn't
easy for us to get his consent, as
he always preferred to stay in the
background, but following a visit
with him in the hospital and his
family's approval, the Bob
Jacobson award was born.
Pei Person
Double Occupancy
70 of MS Rooms
10 AUGUST 23
CALL (305) 866-8831
iimwhii roa usmuin W::m ft. iucw.
On the Ocean at 67th Street
Miami Beach, Florida 33141
mi roe kmmhtn rtea
Bob had such a great love for
the city of Tampa and its Jewish
community that he insisted that
his donations to charity benefit
local causes. He wanted his
money to stay in the city that
provided him with his living.
With a handful of men, he was
instrumental in building our
present facility in 1962. He had to
have great foresight because at
that time the structure they built
was much too large for the size of
the Jewish community. After
some years of empty rooms, un-
supported programs and many
unpaid bills, we were forced to
close the doors of the center for a
period of time.
Bob was so distressed by all of
this that he organized a task
force to pay off the mortgage.
With a handful of dedicated
friends, within six weeks' time
almost $200,000 was raised, the
mortgage was burned, and we
were on our way to refurbishing
the building.
Whenever we were in financial
difficulty or needed moral
support, a phone call to Bob was
all it took to help us solve our
It was our intention each year
to honor one of our Board mem-
bers who showed the same
devotion and dedication to the
center as Bob.
We feel we have been most
fortunate to find such people, and
we have no question about the
continuation of the Bob Jacobson
Since its introduction in 1974,
the winners have been:
1974-1975 Alby Frank
As treasurer, Alby worked
Invest in
Israel Securities

Leu mi
Bank Lfumi H-Ml 8 M
18 East 48th Street
New York. NY 10017
(212) 759-1310
Toll Free (800) 221-4838
diligently to get the center finan-
cially on its feet. His tireless
efforts helped establish our image
as a service organization that
cpuld also pay its bills.
1975-1976 Bloeeom Lelbowitz
As programming vice presi-
dent, Blossom saw the need for a
brochure to help the center sell its
services in a professional manner.
She not only produced it, but was
instrumental in the development
of new programs in all age
1976-1977 Sara Richter
As a comparative newcomer to
town, Sara dove into her duties
as program vice president with
the same enthusiasm she has now
as president. Many exciting new
programs cropped up under her
1977-1978 Bloeeom Leibowitz
The only two-time winner of
the Bob Jacobson Award,
Blossom, as house chairman, saw
to it that the entire building was
painted, new drapes and car-
peting installed, and the building
maintained to give it a clean un-
cluttered look.
1978-1979 An unprecedented
year with the award going to two
Howard Greenberg
Although Howard's title was sec-
retary of the Board, he was also
very active on the Long Range
Planning Committee, and it was
his idea to combine the annual
meeting with Federation and
Social Service. It was so success-
ful that it will undoubtedly
become an annual event.
Roger Mock The only past
president to be honored with the
Bob Jacobson Award, Roger has
always been active in many com-
mittees. His easy-going manner
and sense of humor have made
even difficult jobs look easy.
A Project ol Tampa Jawlah Federation'
The Federal Supreme Court in
Brasilia will begin shortly to
consider extradition requests
from four countries for wanted
Nazi war criminal Gustav Franz
Wagner who was arrested near
Sao Paulo 13 months ago.
His extradition to stand trial is
sought by West Germany, Israel,
Poland and Austria. Attorney
General Firmino Ferreira Da Paz
shares the opinion of his im-
mediate predecessor, Henrique
Fonseca de Araujo, that Ger-
many has the most valid claim.
BUT ISRAEL'S request is
expected to be given
serious consideration. The
Plenipotentiary of the Israeli
government in the Wagner case,
Jacob Dolinger, a Rio-based
lawyer, has distributed a 203-
page petition among all 11
justices of the Supreme Court.
The petition refers to opinions by
40 prominent law experts, world-
wide, upholding Israel's claim.
Wagner remains confined to a
mental hospital in Brasilia. His
attorney, Flavio Marx, says his
condition has worsened to a
point where, unless treatment is
administered immediately, a
"dead body" will eventually be
Marx has asked that Wagner
be removed to a psychiatric
hospital in Sao Paulo for the
needed treatment. According to
Sau Paulo police sources, such a
move would carry a great risk of
Wagner's escape to "a neigh-
boring country" where Nazi
criminals are well protected.
June 29
Hit lei USF Special Shabbat Service 8 p.m. at Village Square Apart-
ments Recreation Room, Fletcher and 50th St.
June 30
Beth Israel Town and Country Chavura 8 p.m. at the home of Mr.
and Mrs. Mel Garyn.
July 4
Independence Day celebration at JCC pool. Refreshments and
games free to members. Guests: $2 Adults: $1 children admitted
with members No camp today.

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C.PCo S7J i

The Jewish Flondim* of Tmmpa
Friday, Jane 29.197*
Texas U. Squabbles Over
Jewish Prof As Dept. Head
Sarah Hazan has a feu miituUs of second thoughts.
The American Jewish Com-
mittee said it is closely
watching a dispute at the
University of Texas at
Austin over the proposed
appointment of an Israeli-
born historian to the uni-
versity* s Center for Middle
Eastern Studies this fall.
The squabble, which haa been
going on for a month, started
when the university's history
department recommended that
the Center appoint Abraham
Marcus, a 31-year-old Tel Aviv
University graduate now com-
pleting work on a doctorate at
Columbia University. The pro-
posal calk for Marcus, whose
field is modern Arab history, to
be appointed jointly to the
history department and the
THE CENTER rejected the
proposal saying that Marcus is
not qualified for the position
which includes supervision of
advanced graduate students and
running the Center's freshman
The history faculty, which was
asked by the Center to find a his-
torian, maintains that Marcos is
a qualified scholar of great
This view is shared by Ira
Sihrerman. who, as director of the
special programs for the AJCom-
mittee. heads a project urging
American colleges and univer-
sities to establish guidelines in
accepting grants and other funds
from foreign countries. The
University of Texas Center is
partially supported by funds
from Arab governments.
SILVERMAN told the Jewish
other qualified applicant was
denied an academic position
because of national origin. He
said he believes Marcus "is wefl
qualified'' for the position.
At the university, a com-
promise is being mentioned
which would have Marcus ap-
pointed to the history faculty but
not to the Center. Silverman said
that while this could be ac-
ceptable it would "highlight the
moral bankruptcy" of having
academic decisions made for
political reasons.
He added that if the university
fails to appoint Marcus it would
be "selling out cheap." He noted
that the University of Texas is
one of the richest universities in
the country with a steady in-
fusion of Texas oil money. The
Center reportedly receives about
$100,000 a year from Arab
Silverman sUtseul that Mar-
cus has not engaged in the public
controversy over the appoint-
ment and is waiting for it to go
through "channels.
IN PROP06ING rodeiines
for schools receiving foreign
money last March. Silverman
said that some programs dis-
played an anti-Israel slant, were
funded with the provision that
Middle East studies not include
Israel or that Jews be ex rinded
as instructors or students.
The AJCommittee guidelines,
which were aimed at preventing
universities and colleges from
agreeing to discriminatory
practices or biased com sea when
accepting foreign money, went to
187 schools. including the
University of Texas. Silverman
said the University of Texas had
not approved the guidelines as
yet but has been approached by
AJCommittee chapters in the
Men or women with a good driving record, weekday and early
evening free time, a willingness to obtain a chauffeur's license
(our expense) and an interest in working with older people are
invited to contact Donna Davis, Senior Project coordinator at
the Jewish Community Center to discuss their availability aa
volunteer van drivers for the Senior Van. Phone 872-4451.
Michael Crystal cooling off in the sprinkler.
i Page 1
Nablus and also complained that
the autonomy committee did not
function efficiently. He did not,
however, resign from the
government as some rumors
predicted he would.
Waimin reportedly stressed
that be would continue to carry
out government decisions even if
be disagreed with them. He cited
as proof the assistance the army
rendered the Alon Moreh settlers
as soon as the government ap-
proved the settlement.
Interior Minister Yosef Burg,
chairman of the autonomy
committee, told teporters after
the Cabinet meeting that he did
not believe Weizman's departure
would have much effect on the
delegation's tasks. "If there are
questions of security and defense,
Ezer Weizman promised he
would participate,'' Burg said.
| our dependence on tne urtv
Gulden V adds zest to kosher franks.
Spread Gulden's Spicy Brown Mustard on franks and
enjoy. It's just right to spice up corned beef, tongue,
pastrami and potato salad.
' *"'CV BROV*N
The Spicy Brown Mustard with the robust flavor.
j i\rr
i n

Hday, June 29,1979
The Jewish Floridian of Tampa
Page 7
<3fk QAM
(Call me about your social news at 872-4470.)
Marvelous vacations are part of the summer plans of some
of our friends. So, we would like to share them with you:
The Hinks Shimberg family is really going its diverse ways
this summer. While Hinks and Elaine are holding down the fort
with 7-year-old Michael, their four other children will be at-
tending camp, literally on all ends of the earth. Twelve-year-old
Andy will be at Camp Ojibwa in Eagle River, Wise.; Betsy, who
is 13 years old, will attend Camp Birch Knoll in Phelps, Wise,
(broken arm and all); 15-year-old Scott will be studying play
productions at Andover in Andover, Mass.; and Karen, who is
16 years old and a recent confirmand of Congregation Schaarai
Zedek, will be going back for her third year at International
Camp Montana in Crans-Montana, Switzerland. Meanwhile
(back at the homestead, as they say) Elaine will be frantically
trying to finish up her new book, entitled How to be a Housewife
Writer: Bylines and Babies which has an Aug. 1 deadline and
will come out in October.
The Robert Turkels and the Richard Turkels will be railing
it through Canada for 10 days. Bob and Eleanor and their
daughters, Jane and Katie, and Dick and Sandy and then-
children, Nancy, Kenny and Brian, will fry to Canada and then
pick up the VIA Canada Rail Tour in Toronto. Over the 10-day
period this tour will take them to Quebec, Ottawa and Montreal
in addition to Toronto. Following the completion of the rail tour,
all of the Turkels will vacation for four additional days in
Canada's Laurentian Mountains.This is an extra special event
for Sandy and Dick because it is almost a duplicate of their
honeymoon (minus the seven extra people!) celebrated 18 years
ago this month. Have an exciting and safe trip, Turkels!
If anyone else has special summer plans you would like to
tell us about, please call me.
Just a thought while taking my son to the first day of
Camp K'Ton Ton at the JCC (the two month camp program
began June 18) it occurred to me, how truly fortunate the Tampa
Jewish community is to have the availability of such a superb
summer program. With Barbara Richman at the helm of the pre-
school camp and Danny Thro directing Camp Chai, success is
assured. The schedules are well planned and diverse, and the
counselors and aides are hand-picked, loving and enthusiastic
guides for the campers. From the looks of the tired but happy
faces when I went back to pick-up on day one, I felt that I, and
many other parents had made the right choice for our children's
summer recreation.
Steve Galpcrn, a recent Bar Mitzvah from Pittsburgh, is
here visiting his grandmother, Dr. Rae Galpern, and is being
joined by his parents Neil Galpern (assistant professor at the
University of Pittsburgh) and Joyce Galpern (assistant
professor at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh). The
entire Galpern family will spend a week at Redington Beach.
Have a marvelous time!
This weekend, Rabbi and Faye Mailing** will be in
Blacksburg, Va., attending the Bat Mitzvah of their grand-
daughter Andre. Andre and her parents, Dr. and Mrs. Barry
Mallinger, live in neighboring Radford. Since their community
does not have a resident rabbi, Andre was tutored by her father.
Her grandfather, Rabbi Mallinger, will have the honor of
presiding over the Bat Mitzvah ceremony.
Congratulations to Milian and Tilde Hirach on the
graduation of their granddaughter, Naomi, from Brandeis
University. Naomi is the daughter of Rabbi and Mrs. Kenneth
Bromberg. Her mother was a graduate of Brandeis University's
charter class.
Another addition to our list of recent high school graduates
is Abby Suraaky, who graduated from Chamberlain High. Abby
is the daughter of Al and Mary Suraaky.
From left are Jewish War Veterans Auxiliary senior vice
president Jo Woolf; past auxiliary president Esther Piper; and
| president Minnie Posner.
Ending a year full of active community services, the Jewish
w Veterans Auxiliary of Tampa No. 373 was awarded a
3Phy, four service citations, and two honorable mention
i-rtificates at the 27th annual state convention held in Miami
I Beach.
Representing the auxiliary at the convention were Millie
IPoaner, president; Jo Woolf, senior vice president; and Esther
iPiper, past president. The trophy was presented for the good
!work the auxiliary has done in community relations; the cita-
tions were won for their work with child welfare, senior citizens,
publicity, and their Historian Book; and the honorable mention
certificates were given to members Margot Berlo and Gertrude
Kern for their outstanding meritorious service.
In addition, the following chairmanships have been
established for the coming year: Helen Males, aid to Israel;
Shirley Kerben, Americanism; Hannah Seiden, Hospital and
Veteran Service; Jo Woolf, Child Welfare; Miriam Sansweet,
Community Relations; Getrude Kern, Cultural and Program;
Molly Rich, Senior Citizen and Ritual; Esther Piper, Legislation
and Insurance; Miriam Tarnofsky, Membership; Anne Spector,
Scholarship; Minnie Posner, Publicity and Serviceman's Ser-
vice; Marguerite Spitz, Suinshine; Beula Rosenzvaig, Veteran
Hospital Service: Sadie Wahnan, recording secretary; Margot
Berlo, three year trustee; Betty Pom per, one year trustee;
Esther Piper, Jo Woolf and Helen Males, Budget.
Congratulations to Dt) Gene Balis, who was recently voted
the outstanding clinical professor by the University of South
Florida medical students. He was given this honor at the
Junior / Senior Medical School Banquet held June 1. Gene, a
neurologist who resides in Temple Terrace, is married to Leslie
uid has two children, Jennifer and Jeffrey.
Recently, Maxine Stark gave a baby shower and luncheon
in honor of Barbara Goldstein who is expecting her second child
around July 4 (how patriotic!). After a scrumptious quiche
lunch, in Maxine's lovely new home, Barbara proceeded to open
her gifts which were all items for the baby's changing table
(i.e., diapers, powder, lotion, etc.). Without a doubt, this new
little Goldstein will be very well dressed, especially from the
bottom out!
Last Sunday evening Schaarai-Zedek hosted a lovely Israel
Bond dessert social in honor of Kay and Maril Jacobs. In ad-
dition to the delicious desserts, there was a mouth-watering
array of wine and trays of cheese. Paul Perahea was chairman of
the evening, and Trudy Brinen was in charge of reservations.
Best wishes, good health and our love to all of you Jewish
Towers residents who celebrate June birthdays: Helen Ernest,
Herman Grier, Adele Fox, Mary Hughes, Ruth Weetheimer,
Loretta Jordan, Lillian Roaenkrantz, Neaee Shunter, Monroe
Rosenbaum, Esther Piper, Bessie Leitman, Mary WUcox, Emu
Armstrong and Rose Slobodow.
A very happy June anniversary to Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence
Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Harrington, Mrs. and Mrs. Hyman
Newman and Mr. and Mrs. David Fromet, all of whom reside in
the Jewish Towers.
And a special rousing round of 65 cheers to Jewish Towers
residents, Mr. and Mrs. David Safier, who celebrated their 65th
wedding anniversary on June 21.
Meet Nat Doliner, the first bachelor we have written about,
who moved to Tampa nine months ago. Nat was born and raised
in Daytona Beach, where he practiced law for three years from
1973-76. Then in 1976, he moved to Gainesville to obtain his MA
degree in tax from the University of Florida, followed by a year
as a member of the law school faculty. Nat is currently
associated with the law firm of Carlton, Fields in Tampa. He
resides in Temple Terrace but says he's in the process of
shopping around for a house. In addition, our new neighbor jogs
four to five miles a day and is very interested in sports and
music (specifically piano which he used to play). Nat, we are
certainly glad to have you in Tampa. _______________________
Aime Rabinowitz
Aime Robyn Rabinowitz,
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. David
Barry Vogel, will be called to the
Torah as a Bat Mitzvah on
Saturday, June 30, at 10 a.m., at
Congregation Rodeph Sholom.
The Oneg Shabbat tonight will
be hosted by Mr. and Mrs. Vogel
in honor of Aime's Bat Mitzvah,
and a reception will be held
following services tomorrow.
Aime, a seventh grade student
at Blake Junior High, is active in
Kadima, and enjoys dancing,
skating and sewing.
Visiting Tampa for the oc-
casion are Mr. and Mrs. Louis
Marcus, Margate, Mr. and Mrs.
Dan Liker, Brooklyn, N.Y., Dr.
and Mrs. Alien Levine, Middle-
town, N.Y., Mrs. Rena Kittower,
Los Angeles, Calif., Mr. and Mrs.
Leo Kinigsberg, Brooklyn, Mrs.
Gusti Vogel, Miami, and Mrs.
Adele Muskat, North Miami.
Hillel USF Plans
Shabbat Service
A special Hillel USF Shabbat
service will be held tonight at 8
p.m. at the Village Square
apartments recreation room,
Fletcher and 50th streets. Hillel
is sponsoring an Oneg Shabbat
following services.
Hillel USF has been par-
ticipating in FOCUS, the
orientation program for incoming
freshman students. They have
had a display in the section for
religious organizations ex-
plaining the activities of Hillel.
Panel presentations on campus
religious life for the students and
their parents have been staged.
The Russian
Resettlement Program
of the
Tampa Jewish
Social Service
Furniture, household goods,
dishes, appliances, linens,
bedding, etc.
Trucks, drivers and movers
are also badly needed
Please help this historic
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Page 8
The Jewish Floridian of Tampa
Friday. June 29,
History of a Forgery
It First Happened in Germany Sixty Years Ago
The Protocols of the Learned
Elders of Zion first appeared in
Germany 60 years ago. It was
published by a group of Russian
monarchist refugees in their
journal, The Sunbeam, and
almost immediately enjoyed
worldwide success.
The Protocols consisted of 24
chapters which were allegedly
written by a leader of Zion to a
secret gathering of Elders. It
contained schemes to overthrow
all governments using terror-
ist tactics, exploiting the Jews'
so-called monopoly of gold as well
as their control of the press
and set forth their proposals for
organizing a Jewish world em-
While the specter of a world-
wide Jewish conspiracy aimed at
reducing gentiles to slavery or
worse flourished as early as
the Middle Ages, it only gained
popular credence in 1919.
that people felt compeled to
believe The Protocols in order to
justify such tragic events as the
pogroms which took place in
Russia between 1918 and 1920.
Several editions had been re-
leased in Russia between 1903
and 1917. One publisher,
G. Butmi, even claimed that his
manuscript was taken from the
vaults of the Zionist Central
Headquarters. In 1917, Sergei
Nilus made an attempt to con-
nect his edition of The Protocols
to Theodor Herzl and the Basel
Zionist Congress.
This forgery became a staple of
anti-Jewish propaganda in the i
20th century. It was translated
into every European tongue, as
well as into Arabic and Japanese,
and was exploited to suit a num-
ber of political crises.
THE PROTOCOLS is said to
have been more widely circulated
than any other book in modern
times. It even reached the United
States in 1919, when a small
group of reactionaries operating
out of New York attempted to
mobilize support for the White
of the Learned Elders of
Translated from the Russian of Prof. Nilus by
Cover of the first English translation of the anti-Semitic
forgery, 'Protocols of the Elders of Zion,' first published in
Russia in 1903. It is said to have been more widely circulated
than any other book in modern times.
retracted and apologized for this dismay of Montesquieu, h
publication, claiming he had been easy it would be to overcom,
duped by his assistants.
Russians. It tried to convince
public opinion through The
Protocols that the Russian
Revolution was part of an in-
ternational Jewish conspiracy.
The following year, Henry
Ford I. the motor car magnate,
set up a secret bureau of anti-
Jewish investigation and spon-
sored a series of articles devoted
to the "international Jewish con-
spiracy" based on The Protocols.
Seven years later, however. Ford
The Protocols were also cir-
culated in England, where they
created somewhat of a sensation.
Once again, those responsible
feared that the British govern-
ment would seek some form of
compromise or rapprochment
with the Bolsheviks.
In 1921, the Arabs of Palestine
and Syria expressed opposition
to Jewish settlement in Eretz
Israel, and in Damascus an
Arabic translation of The Proto-
cols appeared. Its obvious pur-
pose was to rouse Arab passions
against the Jews by suggesting
that the establishment of a Jew-
ish state would be the first step in
an eventual Jewish takeover of
the world.
IN THE same year, an edi-
tion of The Protocols emerged in
Italy at a time when Benito Mus-
solini's Fascists were gaining
In 1921, however, one Philip
Graves, the Constantinople cor-
respondent for The Times of
London, proved that The Proto-
cols was indeed a blatant anti-
Semitic forgery. In the midst of
the furor roused over its authen-
ticity. Graves sent word to his
editors that he had been given a
book by a Russian in Constantin-
ople, who had obtained it from a
former officer of the Tzar's poli-
tical police.
Graves was struck by the sim-
ilarity between this volume and
certain sections of The Protocols.
He became convinced that the
little book Dialogue Aux
Enfers Entre Machiavel et
Montesquieu, by Maurice Joly
had served as a basis for The
Protocols. In Joly's book.
Machiavelli explains, to the
modern democratic state muTi!
establish absolute control overt
Graves' testimony and vari* |
other law suits and expo*'
which took place in the eats
1920 s The Protocols waso* '
tinuously employed all over |W I
world. In 1925, Adolf Hitla
praised the publication in Af
Kampf, and indeed during WorU
War II this became an implia
justification for the genocide
the Jews.
In 1935, it was used by u I
Jewish members of the Gmj
Shirt organization in soul
Africa, who spread the story I
a document outlining
similar to that described in 1
Protocols had been discovered^
a synagogue in Port Elizabeth
It was cited in Spain in 1
ber, 1939 a few days
Franco's anti-Semitic New Yea1
speech, and emerged there aa
as late as 1963, probably as
attempt to prevent the revision^
the Catholic Church's traditi
attitude toward the Jews at i
Ecumenical Council Vatican I
Recently, The Protocols
turned up in such places 891
Soviet Union and Saudi Arabia!
WHEN ALL the evidence!
considered, it seems obvious t
there was an international
spiracy. But far from being sp
sored by the Jews, this all-ti
successful conspiracy was onej
reactionaries, Fascists and i
Semites united in their atti
first against Jews and ultimaU
against democracy.
One should be aware that i
many parts of the world,
forces are still at work. Thepoi
of The Protocols has not
Top Firms Freeze
Investments to Industry
CJF General Assembly
Opens New Dimensions
of Israel's largest firms Koor
Industries, Klal Industries and
the Discount Investment Co.
announced that they will freeze
all plans for investments in
developing Israel's industries.
The firms handle the bulk of
Israel's industries and the indus-
trial production with an annual
turnover in the billions of
The impact of the decision was
heightened when Mark
Moshevitz. head of the Economic
Advisory Committee to the
government and former president
of the Manufacturers Asso-
ciation, announced his
THESE MOVES followed on
the heels of a Cabinet decision
this week to link 100 percent of
development loans to industries
to the cost-ofliving index which
would eliminate cheap loans for
The Cabinet's action was
vehemently protested by the
Manufacturers Association,
whose president, Abraham
Shavit, tried to persuade Prime
Minister Menachem Begin to
have it rescinded. Begin told him
the decision was arrived at by the
democratic process and could not
be reversed.
But the government seemed to
panic over the industrialists'
revolt. Finance Minister Simcha
Ehrlich wrote to Moshevitz
urging him to reconsider his
But the government seemed to
panic over the industrialists'
revolt. Finance Minister Simcha
Ehrlich wrote to Moshevitz
urging him to reconsider his
resignation. Ehrlich said he was
convinced that the Cabinet would
deal with the matter again and
could not change its decision.
EHRLICH TOLD reporters
that the investment freeze by the
three giant industries was in-
tended to bring psychological
pressure on the ministers. He
said if the linkage proved
harmful, as contended by the
industrialists, he would propose
another plan to the Cabinet.
Economists observed that the
linkage was essential to end
cheap loans which fuel inflation.
Hitherto, industrialists investing
in new plants or in the expansion
of existing ones were subsidized
with low interest government
loans. Economists believe that
investment projects that warrant
government support will con-
tinue to get it through grants.
m urn ui uo
laS^mrW^ J.22 "
Continued from Page 1
raising, endowments and
government grants.
CJF leaders feel that the $475
million presently raised in the
annual Federation campaigns can
be doubled, if the giving of half of
the communities were raised to
the level of the other half.
Similarly, that the endowment
funds now totalling $300 million
could reach $1.5 billion if at least
100 more communities which
have the potential establish
Federation Endowment Funds,
in addition to the 60 which have
already developed such funds,
most of them with CJF
assistance. In grants, the CJF
office in Washington in
existence only three years
helped Federations to obtain
$150 million. Many other
communities are eligible but have
not applied as yet for such help.
While not arriving at any
unilateral judgment regarding
certain organizations, the Denver
assembly recommended the CJF
to undertake discussions with
certain organization on several
identified concerns. The concerns
of the community Federation
leaders regarding community
relations issues, especially on the
Middle East, surfaced.
COMMENTS OF a number of
community leaders disclosed
confusion between the roles of the
CJF and the National Jewish
Community Relations Advisory
Council which was created by the
CJF some 35 years ago. It was
decided that the CJF should
consult with the NJCRAC to
devise appropriate procedures for
assuring the full input of
Federation views in formulating
community relations planning
and policies.
The assembly also recom-
mended that the CJF should
undertake, jointly with the
NJCRAC, a re-examination of
the relationships locally of
Federations and their Com-
munity Relations Councils. There
are today 102 local community
relations committees and
councils throughout the country.
The vast majority of them are
committees of the Federations;
the others are agencies financed
by Federations. Together with
the major national community
relations agencies they constitute
they NJCRAC.
With two-thirds of the $475
million raised annually by
Federations being allocated to
the needs of Israel and overseas
communities through the United
Jewish Appeal, the Denver
assembly took note of the fact
that the Federations now secure
direct representation on the UJA
Board by a process involving the
CJF in the designation of
Federation representatives
also will serve on UJA key
committees. A number of in-
dividual leaders of major
Federations have been serving all
the time in UJA leadership
positions, however, not aa
representatives of the
Federations. Now a kind of a
"working partnership" was
established between UJA and
CJF, with the CJF having its
representatives in the UJA for
the first time while the
president and campaign ch
man will serve on the CJF I
practice whereby UJA pn
its budget to a designated |
of Federation leaders for
and advice also has been i
With regard to Israel,
Denver conclave decided: 1
negotiate that the procedures I
selection of officers and leader^
the Jewish Agency be rev*
to satisfy the expressed co
of Federation leaders; 2.
Federation delegates to
Jewish Agency Assembly
provided better opportunities!
present their views o
Agency budgets.
Is this a minor revolution]
the attitude of the Feden
toward the Jewish Agency? I
sides do not look at it this
On the contrary, it
that the suggested change"'
only cement the relations
tween the two and strengthen"
bridge that has been bui
years between the or
American Jewish community
the Jewish State.
Canoe Float Set
Hillel at the UnWerrfjJ
Florida ia Pn9Pnnf
float on July *"
students are invited
along. Thisisanallaay
event. Call 988-7076 for
information and

Friday, June 29,1979
The Jewish Floridian of Tampa
Page 9
Problems on Both Fronts
Will Reds Keep Vow?
Continued from Page 1
feelings- His only enthusiasm is
when he talks about the Jewish
Social Service and its staff.
"They have been wonderful in
every way. I don't know what I
would have done without them,"
he says.
"I THOUGHT I was the only
one," Mr. X explained. "The
Jewish Social Service put me in
touch with two other Persian
Jewish students. We had each
been here over five years, but did
not know about one another." He
does not use the word "Iranian"
in referring to himself. Always
"My family came to this
country (Iran) from Israel many,
many generations ago when it
was Persia. We don't know
exactly when they came and we
cannot trace it. We are
Sephardic." Mr. X explained that
he came to Tampa about six
years ago and began his studies
at Hillsborough Community
College until his English im-
proved enough to attend the
University of South Florida.
"So many Persian students
attend college outside the
country because there are not
enough professors at home to
teach the number of students
who want an education. While
there are lots of Persian college
graduates, so few of them return
home that the supply of teachers
remains very very inadequate.
"But I was planning to go
back," Mr. X states vociferously.
"We had it planned that after I
received my degree I would go
into business with my brothers
and fathers forming a new
corporation. This would combine
the talents and education of all of
us. I have three brothers and a
sister in Teheran. The two oldest
brothers are married," (to Jewish
girls, he quickly points out,
although he states there is a
great deal of intermarriage).
MR. X went on to say that
about three months before the
Khomeini takeover he lost
contact with his family, but in
the past three to four weeks mail
is once again getting through,
but very slowly. "I was last home
about two years ago. I told them
what was happening, but they
wouldn't listen to me. They
laughed." He said he began
asking for more money and tried
to save as much as he could.
"With the bombings of the banks
and the breakdown of the
banking system, all that stopped.
Now it has all been nationalized,
and no money can flow out of the
When I first came to
Hillsborough Community
College, I guess there were about
50 students from Iran in Tampa,
St. Pete and Clearwater." He
guesses there were maybe 5,000
in the whole state. Most went
(back about two years ago," he
said, "those who were pro-
Khomeini and those who were
against him." He said that they
wanted to be part of the change
regardless of which side they
were on. Now he wonders how
many of them were killed.
The students frequently get
together to trade information, the
rumor-mill being their main
source. They each learn what
they can and trade the news. "We
heard that the new constitution
was completed, but there is no
Senate to approve it. The law is
taken strictly from the Koran
with being stoned to death the
punishment for adultery and
having a hand cut off if found
guilty of stealing."
Mr. X said that Khomeini's
picture was being hung in
synagogues. "We had the Shah's
picture in the synagogue, but
that was the King. Khomeini is a
religious head. It is as though he
were the Pope. Another religious
leader has no business having his
picture hung in a synagogue."
Mr. X said that he could in no
way picture his mother and sister
wearing the chaddor. But then he
says the mother of another
student was in a taxi in Teheran
and a truck driver was incensed
that she was not covered in the
traditional manner. The truck
rammed the side of the cab, and
both her legs were broken.
"I'M AFRAID. With the new
regime all minorities must follow
the Moslem tradition. Now I
understand there hasn't been a
female voice on either radio or TV
for over a month." He went on to
say that the talk about all
citizens being equal was true as
long as they were willing to
follow the Moslem laws. He said
there is a blacklist in Iran now,
and it is estimated that 4,000
Jews are on it. "You won't know
at this time until you try to
emigrate; that keeps a lot of Jews
from trying to leave the country.
"This is strictly an Islamic
revolution, not a revolution of the
minorities. In the past six
months, 20,000 people have left
the country. Of that number
maybe 5,000 to 6,000 were Jews."
He said he feels that the Jews
who are staying are staying for
their possessions.
And what happens if he is not
allowed to say in this country? "I
guess I would go to Israel. I
could have gone to school there
originally, but I knew no Hebrew
at all, and I had studied English
in school. If I am forced to leave
the States, that is the only place
for me to go. One problem there
would be the Army service. If
Israel and Iran fought a war, I'd
have to kill my cousins. But I'm
not an American, don't feel like
one and don't belong. I think all
Jews ultimately will have to go
to Israel."
Mr. X said that the U.S.
Immigration Service was now
viewing all Iranian students with
suspicion, as troublemakers. He
has contacted Sens. Stone and
Javits to intercede in his behalf;
then he feels he would at least
have a chance with the visa
And tomorrow? Who knows?
All Mr. X knows for sure that he
can count on is the Jewish Social
Aussies Hope They Will on POCs
MELBOURNE. Australia -
(JTA) The Soviet Union, it is
still hoped here, will fulfill its
undertakings made to an Aus-
tralian trade union leader last
month on the release of Jewish
Prisoners of Conscience and the
relaxation of restrictions on the
right of refusniks to emigrate.
This view was expressed by Isi
Leibler, president of the
Executive Council of Australian
Jewry, who was commenting on
reports from Moscow which cast
doubts on the undertakings
which were made to Robert
Hawke, president of the Aus-
tralian Council of Trade Unions,
during meetings held in Moscow
in the week ending May 25.
AFTER HAWKE'S meetings
with senior Soviet officials, three
leading Jewish activists issued a
statement saying they had been
told the Soviet leadership had
agreed to release 12 prisoners,
allow all refusniks who had
waited for longer than five years
to emigrate, and to ensure there
would not be a waiting period of
longer than five years in the
Two weeks ago, reports from
Moscow quoted Gen. Vladimir
Borisenkov of the. Soviet
Ministry of Internal Affairs as
denying any knowledge of the
promises made to Hawke. Hawke
had met with the chairman of the
Soviet Central Council of Trade
Unions, Alexei Shibayev.
Commenting on these reports,
Leibler said that Hawke, now in
Geneva, had encountered certain
Contract Approved To
Train Young Adults
contract for $638,000 between the
New York City Department of
Employment and the Council of
Jewish Organizations of Borough
Park to train jobless young
adults and to place them in jobs
has been approved by the city
Board of Estimate, according to
Commissioner Ronald Gault of
the DOE.
Gault said that, under terms of
the contract, 135 eligible par-
ticipants are to be trained as
secretaries, community workers,
administrative assistants and
bookkeepers. The Borough Park
Council has agreed to find un-
subsidized employment for 88 of
the participants, Gault said.
UNDER THE Comprehensive
Employment and Training Act
(CETA), Title II B Adult Work
Experience, the program is a
short-term assignment financed
by a prime sponsor in this case
New York City with public or
private non-profit agencies to
enhance the future employability
of adults or increase their
potential for reaching a planned
job goal-
Rabbi Morris Schmidman,
executive director of Brooklyn's
Borough Park Council, which he
described as a broad-based
community agency representing
170 neighborhood organizations,
told the Jewish Telegraphic
Agency that each enrollee in the
program receives training for six
months, the total enrollees for the
two six-months periods of the
contract being 135.
He said the current agreement
runs from June 1 to next May 31
and that this CETA program has
been funded annually since June
1976. He said interviewing was
underway at the council's offices
for the 1979-1980 program.
that, in addition to finding
qualified aoolicants. the council
must also find employers willing
to accept the applicants for
training through actual work
experience. Trainees are paid an
"allowable amount," which he
said was slightly above the
minimum wage level. Trainees
also receive classroom training at
the council's offices as well as
individual and group counseling.
He said the council was
organized to provide a "strong
and united" voice for the entire
Borough Park community of
some 100,000 Jews on all matters
of concern in contacts with
federal, state and city agencies.
problems since the undertakings
were given. He had been told that
final authorization still required
clarification at a senior level.
Leibler added that he shared
the views of refusnik leaders in
Moscow with whom he had met
last August and again in
December that at this crucial
period in relations between
Washington and Moscow, the
Soviets were unlikely to renege
on their pledges concerning
Jewish emigration.
LEIBLER MET with Hawke
in Rome at the World Presidium
on Soviet Jewry after the Aus-
tralian trade union leader arrived
from Moscow. He described
Hawke's mission as "a pro-
foundly humanitarian initiative
by Australia's most dis-
tinguished non-governmental
international statesman."
The Australian Jewish leader
noted that Hawke's activities on
behalf of Soviet Jewry had
received the full support of Prime
Minister Malcolm Fraser and
Foreign Minister Andrew Pea-
cock. Both Peacock and Fraser
are members of the governing
Liberal Party, while Hawke is a
member of the Labor Party.
Hawke's activities in Moscow
have received front-page
coverage in the Australian media
and have attracted widespread
comment. The trade union leader
has a long record of support for
Israel and of outspoken commit-
ment to a variety of
humanitarian causes.
Hawke was not satisfied that the
promises made to him were being
implemented, he was planning to
return for further discussions in
Moscow early in July.
Palestinians See Their
Cause Being Weakened
Rabbi Fischer Heads Florida Hillel
Frank A. Fischer has been ap-
pointed executive director of the
B'nai B'rith Hillel Jewish
Students Centers of Greater
Miami and the Hillel Foun-
dations of Florida, Rabbi Oscar
Groner, international director of
the Jewish student movement,
and Joel Karpay, chairman of the
Hillel board of governors for
Florida, have announced.
He succeeds Rabbi Stanley A.
tingler, who has been named
[national director for community
affairs and development for Hillel
I in Washington.
Rabbi Fischer, 48, has been
[with Hillel for 16 years, serving
is director at Brooklyn College.
sity. While in Georgia, he was
also a pulpit rabbi.
During that period, he was a
member of the faculty of the
National Hillel Summer Institute
and since 1971 has served as
rabbi for B'nai B'rith Perlman
Camp at Starlight, Pa.
He is president of the Inter-
national Association of Hillel
Directors; a member of the exec-
utive committee of the B'nai
B'rith Hillel Commission, the
board of directors of Brooklyn
College's Alumni Association
and the board of trustees of the
Brandeis School of Lawrence,
N.Y. He is a member of the
Central Conference of American
Rabbis and the Rabbinical
of Germany, received his BA
degree from Brooklyn College
and his MA from Hebrew Union
College, from which he was or-
dained in 1962.
Mrs. Charlotte Neubuger, 78, Tampa:
Graveside funeral services were held at
Kodeph Shalom Cemetery June 20.
Rabbi Theodore Brod of Hillel School
officiated. Preparation waa by Cheaaed
Shel Emei A naUve of Oermany, a
former resident of Rochester. Minn..
he lived In Tampa two years. She was a
member of B'nai BTlth. Survivors are
two daughters, Mrs. Salomon (Herta)
I'll*. Tampa, and Mrs. Reglna Valfer.
Rochester; a son, Theodore D. Neu-
burger. Olencoe. III.; eight grand-
children and two great-grandchildren
Continued from Page 4
has the overwhelming support of
the Egyptian people.
Nor can Arafat be satisfied
with what happened at the
second Baghdad conference,
where he apparently triumphed,
with the Saudis and Jordanians
joining in a call to boycott
President Sadat.
Close observers of the Arab
scene are convinced that the
Palestinian issue played a
secondary role in the decisions.
Foremost in the minds of the
Arab leaders were national con-
siderations and rivalries.
THE SYRIANS were annoyed
that Sadat had dashed their
hopes for a Greater Syria as the
reward for intervention in
Lebanon. Iraq was appalled by
the events in Iran and hurriedly
made peace with the Syrians. The
Saudis, equally fearful of the
Iranian upheaval, saw an ad-
ditional danger from an Iraqi-
Syrian block.
The Jordanians, closely tied to
the Saudis, accepted their lead.
The Saudis joined the Syrians
with reluctance and are unlikely
to cut off all aid to Egypt.
In an Arab world where
mirages play such a dominant
role, the Palestinians seem bent
again on self-destructive
delusions. There are signs that,
even among sharp critics of the
Egyptian-Israeli treaty, there is a
dawning realization that the
Palestinians will have to revise
their attitude.
FOR EXAMPLE, the strongly
pro-Arab Robert Stephens has
asked in The Observer: "Would
not the Palestinians, in par-
ticular, be wiser to forego revenge
against Mr. Sadat and con-
centrate on making constructive
JUpABSAlA Af 1 Knir ,xta,M ft\~ m UM -
Unfortunately, Arafat and his
henchmen are blind to argument.
Nor is it helpful that so many
leading members of the Council
for the Advancement of Arab-
British Understanding have
retained a basically unfruitful
and carping attitude and that the
voice of Sir Harold Beeley is in a
Nevertheless, for the first time,
there are hopes that, not only in
Britain but also among the
Palestinians themselves, an
appreciation is dawning that it is
time to move away from the
suicidal policies of Arafat
towards reconciliation and
progress as proposed by Sadat.
Why Should
Be Shocked?
Continued from Page 4
merited honor to Christian
clergymen and other heroic non-
Jews who proved fealty to their
faith by rescuing and sheltering
Jews when the Gestapo sought
them out.
Beyond that, there has come
the welcome announcement that
a fight led by Rep. Elizabeth
Holtzman, chairwoman of the
House Subcommittee on
Immigration, Refugees, and
International Law, has convinced
the U.S. Department of Justice
that the full $2 million plus
authorized by Congress for
cracking down on Nazi war
criminals abroad in the United
States will all be put to work.
Until this break came, only
$900,000 of that fund had been
made available to the Special
Litigation Unit of the
Immigration and Naturalization
Service for V,ot !> i

Page 10
The Jewish Floridian of Tampa
Friday, June 29,1979!

Study Continues
Fedorenko Fate Still Up In Air
NEW YORK Were World
War II concentration camp
guards coerced into serving the
The Fifth Circuit Court of
Appeals in New Orleans was
being strongly urged to
reverse a lower court ruling that a
former concentration camp guard
who lied about his past may keep
his American citizenship on the
ground that he was forced to
serve the Nazis.
The American Jewish
Congress, in a friend of the -
court brief joined by the Anti-
Defamation League of B'nai
B'rith, took issue with a decision
by Federal District Judge
Norman C. Roettger dismissing a
denaturalization proceeding
against Feodor Fedorenko, now a
resident of Miami Beach.
RAUL HILBERG, of the Uni
versity of Vermont, served as
special adviser in preparing the
brief. Dr. Hilberg, an inter-
nationally recognized authority
on the Holocaust, is the author of
The Destruction of the European
The brief was prepared by Phil
Baum, associate executive
director of the Congress. Eight
other national agencies and 102
local Jewish community relations
councils associated with National
Jewish Community Relations
Advisory Council said they
shared the concerns expressed in
the brief.
Fedorenko admittedly con-
cealed his past as a guard in the
Nazi death camp of Treblinka
when he entered the United
States in 1949 and again when he
applied for citizenship in 1970,
asserting that he was forced into
serving the Nazis.
THE BRIEF challenges Judge
Roettger's ruling that Fedorenko
was a "prisoner" as well as a
camp guard. "There is nothing in
the record to support this dec-
laration," the brief says, adding:
"Concentration camp guards
at Treblinka were selected from
among volunteers released from
their status as prisoners of war.
Not only was the defendant
unlikely to have been voluntarily
coerced into such duty, but
because of his ethnic background
he was eligible for early release
and return to his home.
"It is true that Fedorenko
became a prisoner of war and.
while in German captivity during
the winter of 1941-42, doubtless
suffered severe hardships along
with several million other Soviet
prisoners for whom the German
army failed to provide the bare
necessities of life. The defendant,
nevertheless, was in a preferred
and privileged position because
of his Ukrainian background.
"AS SUCH it is not only in-
conceivable that he should have
been coerced into accepting
assignment as a concentration
camp guard but, on the contrary,
because of his ethnic background
he qualified for release and return
to his homeland should he have
so desired.
"Clearly. Fedorenkospresence
in that camp for close to a year
made him a knowing participant.
at close range, in one of the
greatest orgies of barbarism in all
The Jewish organizations'
appeal also challenges the lower
court's statement citing the
defendant's reputation in this
country as "an excellent worker
... a real gentleman' with no
apparent prejudices" and a quiet,
well-behaved resident. The brief
"IT IS HARDLY surprising
that an alien who gained entry by
deliberate misrepresentations
would be scrupulously careful
during his subsequent residency
in the U.S. to shun anything that
might bring him public notice.
Indeed, every individual now in
sbouid_b^ni^ber"oM ^MPSPJ """Vi
reason to suspect of complicity in
war crimes has comported
himself while in the U.S. with
extreme circumspection.
"It stands to reason that the
greater the enormity and the
more horrendous the war crime,
the more compelling the pressure
to remain anonymous and the
more careful and cautious the
subsequent behavior. This is
surely not the kind of conduct
that deserves to be rewarded by
exemption from the requirements
of law."
Baum's brief also criticizes
Judge Roettger for the "extraor-
dinary procedure of convening a
Dress conference during which
(he) commented on matterj
central and germane to the
proceedings The Court did
not scruple at discussing with
reporters even such material aj
the credibility of the witnesses ft
is impossible to reconcile this
behavior with the decorum
objectivity demanded of a
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iday, June 29,1979
The Jewish Floridian of Tampa
Page 11

dmiral Zumwalt Speaks Out
_le Pentagon's outlook towards
the Middle East was described by
..tired Admiral Elmo R.
Izumwalt as based on the U.S.
Ineed for oil and American
"military inferiority" to Soviet
Zumwalt, a former Chief of
J.S. Naval Operations, said at a
neeting of the conservative
[think tank" group that the
I'part" he disagreed with in
Pentagon strategy while he was
the Pentagon was that "We
jieed oil so desperately and our
lilitary inferiority to the Soviet
so definite, we must side with
Ihe Arabs."
"IF YOU look at the con-
sequences of that kind of policy,"
Vmwalt said, "then the Soviet
Jnion would continue to probe in
he Middle East, and the U.S.
iuld seek to emasculate Israel
d give training and arms for
i Arabs."
[umwalt said, "To permit
ael to go under would not only
unethical to Americans but
kngerous to the only one
Blitary ally the U.S. can count
I He said that in September,
170, when the Soviet Union
Irceived its military superiority
i the Middle East, it used Syria
; this by invading Jordan.
The reason this failed was that
[irdan fought better than the
remlin expected, the U.S. Navy
i reenforced in the
iiterranean, and the Israelis
oved northward to help Jordan,
umwalt said. "The Soviets then
krsuaded Syria to withdraw."
fiefing sponsored by the Center
International Security at the
ny-Navy Club. The center is
led by Dr. Joseph Churba,
ner Middle East chief of
Jelligence for the U.S. Air
Thurba said, "In the search for
stern security" in the Mideast,
ishincton can ill-afford a
akened Israel or any Soviet
Arab miscalculations of the
strength of America's com- national strategic interest of the
mitment to Israel. A weakened United States.
and insecure Israel is not in the
"Nor for that matter is any
worsening of the Soviet-
American strategic imbalance
that increases Arab temptations
to exercise the war option."
NOTING THAT the "war
option is basically an Arab one,"
Churba said it "would be
exercised in the belief that
Washington would once again
impose limits on the Israeli
riposte, even as it dictates terms
for settlement."
In the misguided belief that
the territories and refugees are
the cause not the symptom
of the Arab-Israeli conflict,
Washington could be expected to
exploit the increased leverage
derived from the Israeli need for
arms and to push for an
agreement similar to the one it
currently advocates an Israeli
retreat to the 1967 lines and the
creation of a Palestinian
homeland, entity or state."
** Dining Facilities
3336 Henderson Blvd. Tampa, Fla.
Opn dtlly. Sit..Sun
President Carter holds high the National Brotherhood Citation I
presented to him by the National Conference of Christians and)
Jews at a recent convention in Washington. The citation recog-!
nizes the President for several efforts, including "his ceaseless,
determined efforts to bring peace to all peoples, particularly in
those sectors of the world that have never known the blessings
of peace." Holding the citation with the President is Sol
Linowitz, former special U.S. Ambassador who played a major
role in negotiating the Panama Canal Treaties.
14 Torah Scrolls Burned
At Liverpool Synagogue
LONDON (JTA) Security has been tightened
at synagogues throughout Britain following two incidents
ui Liverpool. Intruders at the 104-year-old Princess Road
Synagogue set 14 Torah scrolls on fire. Two men have
been charged with causing the damage which the police
spotted by accident during what they said was a burglary
THIS HOWEVER is doubted by Jewish communal
leaders, as it foUowed shortly after the desecration of the
same synagogue's cemetery for which two members of the
neo-Nazi British Movement have been held.
Police are also investigating the desecration of a dis-
used synagogue in Manchester. Three years ago, the
synagogue at Highgate, London, was burned to the
ground. The cause of the blaze has still not been
Russian Resettlement Program
Translators, Transporters, Friends, Employers, Movers
Tampa Jewish Social Service
for more information

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Mott's Regular Apple Sauce is a de-luscious dessert. And a great
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Pae 12
Tfie Jewish Floridian of Tampa_________
Friday, june 29
Yugoslavian Synagogue Survives Vicissitudes of Tim
A thin layer of dust, shaken
loose from plaster walls onto the
six pews of the tiny Duhrovnik 7
synagogue, is the only evidence ,
of the earthquake which struck
the coast of Yugoslavia on Easter
day. Most of the damage was
confined to the Montenegrin ,
coast, 80 miles south, leaving
intact both Dubrovnik itself, the
i-.idieval walled city which justly
its the title of "Pearl of the
natic," and the 600-year-old
se of worship at Number 3
a Zidioska ("Street of the
1. ws").
The synagogue has survived
the vicissitudes of time and
iral disaster, of warn and
olutions and even of the
Nazi occupants who plundered it
of priceless religious artifacts and
; replaceable documents; and it
I i mains as the second oldest such
building in all of Europe, second
only to the Altneu Synagogue in
ITS GLORIES are unfaded.
The little sanctuary with room
lor a scant twenty worshippers
and with an upstairs balcony for
perhaps half a dozen women is
oblong in shape, divided by three
arches and paneled in dark oak.
Prom the ceiling, painted blue,
interspersed with gold stars,
hangs a silver candelabra, in-
tricately engraved in the style of
Renaissance Florence.
On the high holidays, a special
parochet is hung in front of the
sacred Ark: it is a carpet woven
by Moorish craftsmen in Spain
during the 13th century. The
colors in the floral design glow as
brilliantly as they did when
Queen Isabella presented the
carpet to her Jewish doctor when
he was forced to leave the
country in 1492.
But only a handful of
congregants remains to enjoy
them. Their number has dwindled
down to a precious few vir-
tually, to the three octogenarian
members of the Tolentino family
who live on the second floor of the
narrow stone dwelling in which
the synagogue is located and who
climb the stairs slowly and
laboriously these days proudly
to show visitors the house of
worship on the third floor.
TOLENTINO is the Ital-
ianized version of the name
Toledano, and it indicates that
the family came originally from
Toledo, at the time of the ex-
pulsion from Spain. They had
settled, first, in Italy, there
becoming Tolentinos, and had
then moved on, further east, to
the independent city-state of
Dubrovnik, where Jews had
already established themselves
as merchants as early as 1326.
Dubrovnik was even then an
important shipping center, the
point of exchange for the com-
mercial fleets of the Western
Mediterranean, from Venice and
Genoa, and those from the
Eastern ports of Salonika and
Constantinople. To the pros-
perity of Dubrovnik, its
protected harbor on the Adriatic
positioning the city as the very
midway of East-West traffic, to
this prosperity its small Jewish
population, never more than a
thousand persons, made a sig- .
nificant contribution.
With the exiled Sephardic
families resettled in all the major
[K)rts of the Mediterranean, from
i he southern shores of France to
t he Turkish coast of the Ottoman
Empire, the Dubrovnik Jews
-e in the strategic center
THEIR TIES of blood,
language and religion throughout
the entire basin of the great
inland sea enabled them to
flourish as the foremost inter-
national traders of the age and to
Gabriel Levenson was an eyewitness to the recent
earthquake which struck the southern coast of
Yugoslavia, 80 miles away from the famed city of
Dubrovnik. Both Dubrovnik, itself, and the 600-year-
old synagogue which is one of its jewels, have sur-
vived without damage.
help make the city in which they
had taken roots a hub of mercan-
tilism second only to Venice.
World War II and the German
occupation of Yugoslavia
brought almost complete
destruction of the country's
Jewish population. Of who had lived there, more than
60,000 were killed, either in the
concentration camps or as active
fighters in the Partisan
movement. One of its leaders was
the late Moshe Pijade, Jewish
intellectual and artist who was
second in command to Tito
himself and who is com-
memorated as a National Hero.
Streets have been named after
him, as well as the internationally
known Jewish chorus of Zagreb.
There are statues in his honor,
and his paintings strictly on
their own considerable merits
hang in both the National Gallery
and the Jewish Museum, located
in Belgrade, the nation's capital.
HUNDREDS of Jewish men
and women, as well joined
the ranks of the Partisans with
Pijade. He himself was a
dedicated Communist, but the
majority of his Jewish followers
participated in the long, armed
struggle against the Nazis not so
much for ideological reasons as
for those of sheer survival.
Uniquely among the occupied
lands, Yugoslavia had a
powerful, well-organized under-
ground resistance to which Jews
could ally themselves and wage a
fight equalled only by the heroes
and heroines of the Warsaw
Ghetto Uprising of 1943. There is
the profound and tragic dif-
ference: a victory for the
Yugoslav Jews, a Masada like
defeat for those of Warsaw.
More than half the survivors
migrated from Yugoslavia to
Israel after the war, enriching the
life of the Jewish State in a
variety of roles and professions,
as ardent kibbutzniks and even
as chiefs-of-staff (two) of the
Israel Defense Forces.
WITHIN THE country,
almost totally destroyed by the
Germans, Yugoslav's 6,000 Jews
have been part and parcel of the
decades of painful reconstruction.
Today, along with Moslems,
Catholics, Orthodox Christians
and other groups in the nation's
multi-religious, multi-racial
complex, they enjoy a degree of
prosperity and mobility
which quite belies the usual press
reports from the West. Travel
and trade between Yugoslavia
and Israel are brisk and sub-
stantial. Community leaders are
free to go abroad for international
meetings of such organizations as
the World Jewish Congress, with
none of the difficulties usually
encountered in the countries of
the so-called socialist bloc.
Israeli shohetim in Yugoslavia
supervise the kashering of meat
destined for Israel; and Jaffa
oranges are piled high (and
quickly sold out) in supermarkets
and fruitstands in all the major
Yugoslav cities.
However, the government's
continued non-recognition of
Israel (since the Six-Day War)
and its present opposition to the
Egypt-Israel peace treaty
profoundly disturb Yugoslav
Jews. There is the usual rhetoric
about a "principled stand against
Israeli aggression."
The obvious, and sad, reality,
as Jews and non-Jews alike will
privately admit, is that Yugo-
slavia has a huge Moslem
population within its border*. It
wants to expand trade with the
heavily populated Arab world;
and it is heavily dependent upon
Arab oil.
WITH A population of 6,000
out of 30 million, Yugoslav Jews
simply have no clout. However
many Jewish doctors or
engineers or even generals there
may be. their impact on govern-
ment policy is small, or non-
existent, they must endure the
painful dichotomy of allegiance
to their native land, whose
president. Tito. did. indeed, lead
a successful war against the
Nazis, and their love for Zion, the
traditional home they frequently
return to and in w hich practically
everyone has members of his or
her immediate family.
Helpless in international af-
fairs, they are free, nonetheless,
to advance their personal
situations and to maintain a
range of institutions from I
model home for the aged in
Zagreb to a summer camp for
children on the Adriatic coast.
While Yugoslav Jewry, in
general, retains strength and
vitality, the community in.
Dubrovnik, sadly, faces extinc-
tion within the next duade. A
mere handful returned to the city I
after its liberation from the
Germans; now, 35 years later,
:here remains a scant minyan of j
Aged men and women.
the Tolentino family is il
metaphor for the who If of tie
ittle community. The late Rabbi
Jacob Tolentino, its spiritual
lead in the pro-Hitler era. had 141
children. Ten were murdered ml
he death camps; one of thel
lurviving brothers died a fewl
years ago; now there are bull
three: Abraham, 87; F.nuiio, 85,1
and their young sister, Sarah, 82,1
who cooks and keeps house forl
the trio. They are unmarried,!
Fluent in English or French I
or German or Italian or Serbo-I
Croatian, for that matter -
Abraham is the official guide to
the synagogue. When visitors
come, be takes out a set of keys
from their cache in a Venetian
cabinet in the family's second-
floor livingroom and escorts
group upstairs to the third floor
synagogue, a veritable gem
Renaissance design.
EMILIO IS the indomitable!
president of the Dubrovnik com-
munity, who organized the effort
to retrieve the religious treasure!
hidden from German looters ano
to restore the sanctuary'9 pre-"*
Sarah, tha force behind tb|
scenes, leans out of an upper -now
window and shouts din^ctionsw
callers on the cobbled strw
below who ring the doorbell ano
then search, in vain, for
precise entrance which leads up
to the Tolentino apartment.
There is one other Tolentino^
young man in Milan, studyjj;
medicine there. Abraham f
Emilio ask. will he marry.
will it
be. Jewish girl, will they rt*
their children as Jews? I^
hrug their shoulder,.bo u
and so taut is the thread ofWJ
continuity. Should it ^hZ\
book of Dubrovnik Jewry "
closed, forever.

Full Text
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