The Jewish Floridian of South County


Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of South County
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Added title page title:
Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
F.K. Shochet.
Place of Publication:
Boca Raton, Fla


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Boca Raton (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Boca Raton


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Dec. 14, 1979)-
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44560186
lccn - sn 00229543
System ID:

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Full Text
The Jewish
w*j The Jewish *m y
of South County
Volume 11 Number 20
Serving Boca Raton, Delray Beach, and Highland Beach, Florida Friday, October 6, 1989
Price; 35 Cents
Bush Urges U.N.:
Fight Terrorism
President Bush delivered a
stinging denunciation of ter-
rorism as he addressed the
44th U.N. General Assembly.
He also warned .that
"regional conflict may well
threaten world peace as never
In his speech, Bush made no
made specific reference to the
Middle East peace process,
mentioning neither Israeli nor
Egyptian proposals currently
being floated.
But he said "the United
States is determined to take an
active role in settling regional
Bush was emotional when
addressing the issue of terror-
"Hostage-taking and the ter-
ror of random violence are
methods that cannot win the
world's approval," the presi-
dent said. "Terrorism of any
kind is repugnant to all values
a civilized world holds in com-
He added emphatically,
"And make no mistake: Ter-
rorism is a means that no end
no matter how just that end
can sanctify."
To demonstrate its abhorr-
ence of terrorism, Bush urged
the General Assembly to con-
demn the murder of Lt. Col.
William Higgins, the Ameri-
can Marine who died in the
hands of Shiite kidnappers in
Lebanon. Higgins was serving
at the time with the U.N.
Truce Supervision Organiza-
tion in Lebanon.
Bush called on "those
responsible" for the murder to
return Higgins' remains to his
The president also called on
the Soviet Union to join the
United States in helping elimi-
nate the "scourge" of chemical
weapons. He said the United
States would be willing to cut
its own stockpiles of chemical
arms by 80 percent as a first
step toward a worldwide ban.
Israel has been concerned
about the proliferation of
chemical weapons, particular
among such hard-line Arab
states as Syria and Libya.
Asked for his reaction to the
president's remarks, Israeli
Foreign Minister Moshe Arens
said, "Great speech. I agree
with it 100 percent."
Arens, who is to address the
General Assembly this week,
has scheduled a number of
meetings with foreign digni-
taries, including Presidents
Carlos Saul Menem of Argen-
tina and Hosni Mubarak of
Egypt, as well as the foreign
ministers of Hungary, Japan,
Poland, Portugal, Spain and
several Western European
DOCUMENT Hungary's Foreign Minister Gyula Horn,
right, and his Israeli counterpart Moshe Arens, left, seen
after signing a document on re-establishing of diplomatic
relations between the two countries in Budapest. (AP/Wide
World Photo)
Refugee Measure Approved By Senate
For the second time in two
months, the Senate has
approved a measure that
would make it easier for Soviet
Jews to enter the United
States as refugees.
Such a provision, if even-
tually signed into law, has
become less important sub-
stantively to U.S. Jewish
Arens Solicits
Support For Peace
Israeli Foreign Minister
Moshe Arens used the oppor-
tunity of his speech before the
U.N. General Assembly to
bring Israel's peace initiative
directly before the leaders of
the Arab nations and the rest
of the world.
Arens asked the world lead-
ers gathered here to support
the peace plan, which calls for
Palestinian elections in the
West Bank and Gaza Strip,
followed by peace negotiations
between Israel and the elected
"There is no alternative way
to move the Middle Eastern
peace process forward,"
Arens stated. "Rejection of
this initiative is synonymous
with rejecting progress tow-
ards peace."
Though he did not specifi-
cally criticize Egyptian Presi-
dent Hosni Mubarak's 10-point
proposal for advancing the
peace process, Arens implied
that considering other propos-
als at this time would be "put-
ting the cart before the
Mubarak has suggested that
Egypt host preliminary talks
between Israelis and a Pales-
tinian delegation to hammer
out details of the proposed
elections, on the basis of his
10-point plan. Three of the ten
points deal with the eventual
outcome of the Palestinian-
Israeli negotiations.
Arens made it clear that in
his view, negotiations are pos-
sible solely on the basis of the
Israeli initiative. He believes
the Egyptian plan is simply an
attempt to bring Israel closer
to agreeing to the establish-
ment of a Palestinian state in
the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
"This is not the time to
attempt to wring concessions
from Israel that relate to the
permanent settlement," the
foreign minister said. "Our
immediate objective must be to
put an end to violence and get
negotiations going."
Arens' stance reflects that
Continued on Page 4
groups, following the Bush
administration's announce-
ment that it would process
Soviet applicants for refugee
status in Moscow, instead of
In the last 12 months, Jew-
ish groups have spent some
$20 million in Rome to house
and assist more than 5,000
Soviet Jews who have been
refused refugee status, said
Michael Schneider, executive
vice president of the American
Jewish Joint Distribution
Under the Moscow process-
ing system, Soviet Jews would
live at home while their appli-
cations were adjudicated.
In addition, President
Bush's announced refugee ceil-
ing of 50,000 Soviets for the
1990 fiscal year, which starts
Oct. 1, is not expected to be
large enough to satisfy all
Soviet Jews who would like to
emigrate to the United States
as refugees.
Official refugee status
allows entry to the United
States, access to U.S. govern-
ment funds for transportation
and resettlement and the
opportunity to become a U.S.
The Senate measure, spon-
sored by Sen. Frank Lauten-
berg (D- N.J.), would give less
discretion to Immigration and
Naturalization Service adjudi-
cators of refugee status, who
since last September have
refused granting it to those
Soviet Jews not demonstrat-
ing "a well-founded fear of
The Jewish groups also
would like to see the House
adopt Senate language requir-
ing the General Accounting
Office, an arm of Congress for
probing the executive branch,
to report by the end of the year
on the new processing plan in
Moscow for Soviet refugees.
Both the House and Senate
this summer approved similar
measures, but they were
attached to completely differ-
ent bills, one a foreign aid bill
and one a bill authorizing
funds for the State Depart-
Under legislative procedure,
such differences must be
resolved in a conference com-
mittee meeting on the same
On July 13, the House
adopted a refugee provision
sponsored by Rep. Bruce Mor-
rison (D-Conn.) to the 1990
foreign aid appropriations bill.
On July 20, the Senate adopted
Lautenberg's amendment to
the 1990 State Department
authorization bill.
With the Senate's adoption
Wednesday of the refugee pro-
vision to its version of the
foreign aid bill, Jewish groups
will now focus attention on the
upcoming conference commit-
tee on that bill.
The groups prefer the Morri-
son language, which would
give less discretion to INS
adjudicators than would the
Lautenberg language.
In another development,
various senators said they will
seek additional funds so that
none of the 50,000 refugees
would have to come here with
private funding. Under Bush's
1990 refugee admissions plan,
10,000 of the 50,000 slots
would not be funded by the

Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, October 6, 1989
PRETORIA South Africa A member of the Afrikaner Resistance Movement holds a third reich
flag (R) at pro-apartheid rally held on Pretoria's church square. (APIWide World Photo)
Vatican Declaration On
Convent Is Turning Point
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.
The Vatican's declaration
calling publicly and 6fficially
for the removal of the Carmel-
ite nuns to a new convent off
the grounds of Auschwitz is, I
believe, a turning point in the
five-year controversy.
Significant is the fact that
the Holy See's spokesman not
only reiterated a statement
made by Pope John Paul II to
Austrian Jews in July 1988,
but this time committed itself
to contribute financially to the
building of the new convent in
the proposed interfaith center.
Several Catholic churches in
Europe notably the West
German, Dutch, French and
Italian have indicated that
they will also contribute to a
Polish Catholic fund for build-
ing the convent. To use a collo-
quial expression, when you put
your money where your mouth
is, that's serious.
I feel far less sympathetic
in fact, oppose strongly the
notion that Jews should be
paying for the building of the
new convent.
A report that a Polish Jew
from Germany, Zygmund Nis-
senbaum, proposed to Cardinal
Glemp recently that he would
pay for the building of the
convent is not only inappropri-
ate but is deeply unwise.
Were that to take place, the
Polish anti-Semites and others
will not only propagandize that
Jews "own" the media and the
banks, but that now they are
buying out the Catholic
Church. Besides, it is morally
offensive to think that Jews
somehow have to buy back
Giving added force to this
Dear Editor:
Your editorial "Israel
Deserves, Needs Soviet Jews"
is correct and should be heeded
by the organizations so busy
raising 75 million to resettle
the Soviets. Let us ask our-
selves: is the true test eco-
nomic opportunity or discrim-
ination? If the Soviets are flee-
ing discrimination, anvwhere
would be a haven and Israel
would be their true haven; but
I believe the milk and honey of
the U.S. and the aid package
waiting is the attraction! Let
Excluding Soviet Jews
rI)ear Editor:
,. I still don't think excluding
|Soviet Jews without relatives
fin the United States is so
s It only means they will be
Sable to go to Israel, where they
are so sorely needed, and
where they signed up for in the
first place.
I think that Leon Uris' book,
"The Haj," although fiction,
does tell the true tale of the
Holy Land.
Col. B. L. Brandmarker
those with relatives be given a
chance to emigrate.
Boaz L. Brandmarker
Miami Beach
Structure of Reality
To the Editor:
I was absolutely delighted
when I read the article by
Alexander Schindler.
So much of what he said
corresponds with the nature
and structure of reality. He
really rang my bell with this
intelligent advocacy on how to
A.D. Hoiss
Vatican declaration is a letter
that the newly-elected Polish
prime minister, Tadeusz
Mazowiecki, sent to Sir Sig-
mund Sternberg of London
and myself.
In that document, he expre-
ssed a remarkable, sympa-
thetic understanding of the
uniqueness of the meaning of
the Shoah to the Jewish peo-
Between this Vatican move
and the Polish government's
efforts to resolve the convent
issue, I think we have a new
situation unfolding which can
only be welcomed.
Rabbi Marc H. Tanenbaum is
international affaire consult-
ant to the American Jewish
Committee and is immediate
past chairman of the Interna-
tional Jewish Committee for
Interreligious Consultations.
iitiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii e
Letters To The Editor
Israel Deserves, Needs Soviet Jews
Cairo's 10-Point Plan
President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt still
does not measure up to the late Anwar
Sadat, but his 10-point proposal for Pales-
tinian elections T3eems to be one which holds
out the most hope for a start on the path to
peace in the Middle East.
Acceptance of Mubarak's plan was
swiftly forthcoming from Washington and
from Israel's Labor Party. The PLO came
along less rapidly, and at this writing Likud
continues to adamantly oppose the Egyp-
tian measures.
Both Labor and Likud agree that this is
not the time to throw Israel into another
costly election. And there is little prospect
that such voting would change much in the
almost even division between the two
major parties.
Defense Minister Yitzhak Rabin, once the
leader of Labor as well as Prime Minister,
has endorsed the Mubarak proposal along
with Finance Minister Shimon Peres.
Rabin, the leader of the hawkish bloc
within Labor, thus gives credibility to the
Egyptian call for negotiations.
Likud balks at the Mubarak initiative
because it allows Arabs in East Jerusalem
to vote in the proposed Palestinian elec-
tions, accepts the idea of exchanging at
least some land in Gaza and the West Bank
for peace, freezes the expansion and
further building of settlements and permits
two Palestinians who are not residents of
the territories to be part of the Arab
negotiating unit.
Difficult as these may be for Premier
Yitzhak Shamir and his followers to swal-
low, failure to accept the Egyptian plan
would shift to Israel the perception that it,
and not the Arabs, is the primary obstacle
to peace discussions and thus to peace
Since both sides say they are prepared to
negotiate with no pre-conditions, and since
Arafat no longer insists on Israeli with-
drawal prior to elections, the ball has been
placed in Jerusalem's court.
The ongoing intifada, continuing high
unemployment and the imminent influx of
thousands of Soviet Jews combine to make
a trip to the negotiating table preferable to
the fall of the fragile, coalition government
in Jerusalem.
These difficult times demand tough deci-
sions and acceptance of some of the dan-
gers which peace, no less than war,
If not, Israel stands in peril of losing the
public relations battle in Washington and
around the world which in the end
determines the degree of economic, politi-
cal and military assistance provided to the
Jewish State.
That battle cannot be abandoned; it still
can be won.
"W"1 The Jewish *m y
Editor and Publisher
of South County
Fred Shochet
Advertising Director
Executive Editor
Main Office Pl.nt: 120 N.E. 6th St., Miami, FL 33101. Phone: 1-373-4*
Fer Advertisiag informed.* cell teller! Joen Tegiee M-371-4eM.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES: Local Area U Annual (2-Yaar Minimum $7.50). or by membefahlp Jewlah
Friday, October 6,1989
Volume 11
Number 20

Friday, October 6, 1989/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 3
Synagogue News
The Festival of Sukkot
(Tabanacles) will be ushered in
with the Sukkot services on
Friday, Oct. 13, at 6:30 p.m.
and with the morning services
on Saturday and Sunday, Oct.
14 and 15, at 8:30 a.m.
Rabbi Dr. Louis L. Sacks will
preach the Sermonic messages
on the theme "The Tabanacle
of Peace." Kiddush will follow.
Daily Classes in the "Judaic
Code of Religious Law"
(Schulchan Orach) led by Rabbi
Sacks begin at 7:30 a.m. pro-
ceeding the Daily Minyan ser-
vices and at 6:30 p.m. in con-
junction with the Seu-dat
Shli'sheet celebrated each Sab-
bath between the Twilight ser-
For information, call 499-
9229. Anshei Emuna is located
at 16189 Carter Road, Delray
Singles 49 and Up
The Solos of Temple Beth El
of Boca Raton is sponsoring a
Break the Fast for single men
and women, 49 and up, on
Yom Kippur Day, Oct. 9,
immediately following
the N'eilah service (approxi-
mately at 7 p.m.).
For information, call Sylvia
at 395-2226.
Senior Youth Dance
The Senior Youth Group of
Temple Beth El of Boca Raton
is having a SEFTY (Southeast
Federation of Temple Youth)
kickoff dance to be held in the
social hall at the Temple on
Oct. 7, from 7:30 p.m. until 12
For information call, 488-
On Friday evening, Oct. 13,
at 8 p.m., Temple Beth El will
celebrate Sukkot with a Fam-
ily service and Consecration of
the Hebrew School students.
At 5:45 p.m., a Shabbat Dinner
for grade one and Kindergar-
ten classes.
The Contemporaries, Single
Parents, Bofty, Nursery
School, Sisterhood, Brother-
hood, Solos and Religious
School are sponsoring an all
Temple Sukkot Sunday on Oct.
15 at 11 a.m.
There will be gymnastics,
music, movies, a treasure
hunt, food and beverages. All
members are invited.
Temple Beth El is located at
333 S.W. 4th Ave., Boca
The schedule for religious
services of Temple Anshei
Shalom of Delray Beach is as
Yom Kippur, Sunday, Oct. 8,
at 6:30 p.m.; Monday, Oct. 9,
8:30 a.m.; Yishor service, 11
a.m., and additional service at
3 p.m
For additional information,
call 495-1300. The Temple is
located at 7099 W. Atlantic
Ave., Delray Beach.
Rabbi Lester Hering will
have an open forum: "Ask the
Rabbi" at the Oneg Shabbat
Service, Friday, Oct. 6, at 8
[).m. at Temple Emeth. A eol-
ation will follow.
Saturday morning service,
Oct. 7, Rabbi Hering will pre-
ach the sermon "Levi Yits-
chok's Army." A kiddush will
Israel Scholarship
Temple Emeth, a senior
adult congregation, offers the
children and grandchildren of
its members the "Temple
Emeth Israel Scholarship."
Children and grandchildren
from Juniors in High School to
the age of 25, who plan to
study in Israel during the year
1990, must submit an applica-
tion (available at Temple
office) to the Temple Scholar-
ship Committee, call 498-3536.
Temple Emeth is located at
5780 West Atlantic Ave., Del-
ray Beach.
Temple Hanukkah Lamp depicts the High Priest lighting the
Menorah, to be on display Nov. 9 to Dec. 16 at Florida Atlantic
University's Ritter Gallery.
FAU To Exhibit Israeli Art
The Ritter Art Gallery of
Florida Atlantic University
will present an exhibition on
the birth of Israeli art entitled
"The Legacy of Bezalel: The
Israeli Arts & Crafts Move-
ment" November 9 through
December 16.
The event has been planned
to commemorate the Tenth
Anniversary of the South
County Jewish Federation.
The exhibition will feature
works from the newly acquired
Bezalel Collection of the Mizel
Museum of Judaica, a gift of
Carol and Larry Mizel. More
than 40 objects, text panels,
and photo murals have been
prepared to be displayed.
Artists represented in the
exhibit include Aaron Baruch,
Meshulam Moskowitz, Daniel
Howarth, Jacob Neeman, and
Yehudit Shadur. All works in
the exhibit are presumed to
have been produced in Pales-
tine during the period of 1910
to 1930.
Located in the center of the
FAU campus in Boca Raton,
the Ritter Gallery is open
Tuesday through Saturday, 10
a.m. to 4 p.m. There is no
admission charge.
Menorah/ B'nai B'rith Golf Classic
Registration is open for
men and women golfers age 55
and older to compete in the
ninth annual Menorah Gar-
dens/B'nai B'rith Seniors Golf
Classic, scheduled Thursday,
Oct. 26, at Inverrary Country
Senior golfers from Brow-
ard, Dade and Palm Beach
County are eligible to play in
the tournament, which
annually raises funds for the
National B'nai B'rith Founda-
tion's Youth Services.
Scoring will be by the Cal-
loway system, with a special
$5,000 prize offered for a hole
in one. Foursomes will begin
play with a 9 a.m. shotgun
start. A hot buffet lunch will
be available after play, at
$5.50 per person. The entry
fee is $24.
Tournament openings are
limited. For information, call
742-6000 in Broward, 627-
2277 in Palm Beach, and 935-
3939 in Dade County.
Isracard Goes International
A new age of financial convenience has been introduced to
Israeli credit card holders.
Isracard. a member of the Bank Hapoalim Group, has been
joined to the International Eurocard-Mastercard network, it was
announced, permitting Israelis to use their local credit cards for
the acquisition of goods and services throughout the world.
Levitt-Weinstein wants to put
your name on this $100 check
The Jewish National Fund
l" Keren Kayemeth Leisrael
,. JF
the Entire Community
A Happy, Healthy & Prosperous
New Year
A Year of Peace to Israel,
the State and the People
in a World
of Peace
Chmn. JNF Foundation
Pros. JNF Southern Region
Chmn. JNF Exec. Board
Vice Pres. JNF Gr. Miami




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Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, October 6, 1989
Weizman: Meet PLO Face To Face
PARIS (JTA) An Israeli
Cabinet minister said here that
his country is already engaged
in "indirect negotiations' with
the Palestine Liberation
Organization and thinks they
should be "face to face."
Ezer Weizman, the minister
of science and development,
spoke to reporters Thursday
afternoon before flying back to
He was here for four days at
the invitation of the French
minister for scientific affairs.
Weizman, an outspoken
dove, said the visit to Cairo by
his Labor Party colleague,
Defense Minister Yitzhak
Rabin, gave new impetus to
the peace process and should
be fully supported.
Rabin and Egyptian Presi-
dent Hosni Mubarak met on
Sept. 17 to discuss Egypt's
10-point paper proposing
terms and conditions for Pales-
tinian elections in the West
Bank and Gaza Strip.
The Labor Party is prepared
to consider the Egyptian
points but their Likud coalition
partners flatly reject them.
The rift threatens a crisis that
could topple the unity govern-
Weizman did not seem par-
ticularly disturbed by that pro-
"Our problem is with the
Arabs, not with the Likud. We
should try to reach a solution
with the Arabs instead of try-
ing to work out arrangements
with Likud," he said.
While it is Likud policy
never to negotiate with the
PLO under any circumstances,
"We are engaged in indirect
negotiations with the PLO
through the Americans who
meet with them in Tunis and
through the Egyptians," Weiz-
man said.
SunBank seniors save up to 44% at
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If you are 55 or older and bank at SunBank, stop by any of our local
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Friday, October 6, 1989/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 5
Happy New Year
Israel Aliyah Center
Wishes You
Happy New Year
4200 Biscayne Boulevard, Miami, Florida 33137 (MS) 57J-25M
Florida Governor, Bob Martinez and his wife, Mary Jane, were
presented certificates by Vicky Alkalai, Director ofJNF's "Plant
A Tree with your own Hands", Department in. the presence of Mr.
Moshe Liba, (right) Consul General of Israel to Miami, at a tree
planting ceremony at one of JNF's tree planting centers in
WJC Admits
Workmen's Circle
Workmen's Circle, the frat-
ernal Jewish organization, was
unanimously accepted as the
35th member organization of
the WJC United States Sec-
tion, at a plenary meeting of
the body today.
Rabbi Wolfe Kelman, Chair-
man of the WJC United States
Section, welcomed the admis-
sion of the Workmen's Circle,
praising "the long years that
this well-respected organiza-
tion has rendered faithful ser-
vice to the Jewish community
and the nation as a whole."
The president of the Work-
men's Circle, Harold Ostroff,
was confirmed by the plenary
as a vice-chairman of the Sec-
B'nai B'rith
Integrity Council of B'nai
B'rith Women will hold its first
board meeting of the 1989-
1990 season on Friday, Octo-
ber 13, at 9:30 a.m. at Patch
Reef Park on Yamato Road in
Boca Raton.
For more information, call
Continued from Page 1
of Israel's Likud bloc, which is
currently locked in conflict
with the Labor Party over the
Egyptian plan. Labor has gen-
erally welcomed Mubarak's
Vice Premier Shimon Peres,
the Labor Party leader, told
President Bush on Monday
that he interprets Mubarak's
10-point proposal as implied
acceptance of the Israeli peace
Prime Minister Yitzhak Sha-
mir of Likud, along with
Arens, takes a far less concilia-
tory a view of Mubarak's
Freedom in Our Hands
May the coming year bring
all the happiness, peace and
good health to you and to
those you hold dear.
Dr. & Mrs. Bernard D. Epstein
Dr. & Mrs. Jeffrey Devon

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Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, October 6, 1989
Florida Pops Announces
Super Pops
Florida Symphonic Pops of Boca Raton, under the
direction of Maestro Mark Azzolina, announces that for the
Super Pops 1989-90 season opening nights, November 8
and 9, will feature Marvin Hamlisch.
Hamlisch is the recipient of the Pulitzer Prize, a Tony
Award, three Oscars, four Grammys and two Golden
He has written thirty motion picture scores including
"The Sting" and "The Way We Were." His Broadway hits
include "A Chorus Line" and "They're Playing Our Song."
His other credits include "Ice Castles," "Sophie's Choice"
and Neil Simon's "I Oughta Be In Pictures" and "Chapter
Hamlisch is a sought-after guest artist with symphony
orchestras throughout the country and has performed with
New York Philharmonic, Los Angeles and the Royal
Philharmonic in London.
His latest endeavors are the scores for the motion
pictures "Three Men and a Baby" and the soon to be
released John Travolta film "The Experts."
For the 1989-90 season, Super Pops guest artists are:
Steve Allen, for December 7; Patti Page, January 18;
Florence Henderson, February 15, and Helen Reddy,
March 29.
Marvin Hamlisch and Florida Symphonic Pops concert
will be at the Florida Atlantic University Auditorium on
Glades Road in Boca Raton at 8 p.m. Tickets are priced at
$15, $25 and $30. Call (407) 367-3758 or any Ticketmaster
USSR Jewish Population
To Report Decline
Reconstructionist Judaism
Issues New Prayerbook
Jewish Floridian Staff Writer
In December, results of the
first census of the Jewish pop-
ulation in the Soviet Union in
ten years are expected to be
It should reveal a decline in
the Jewish population, which
was reported at 1.81 million in
1979, or 0.7 percent of the
USSR's 242 million dwellers
10 years ago.
But it has always been
believed that the number of
Soviet Jews has been greater
than reported, according to
noted demographer, Dr. Mur-
ray Feshbach.
But one good aspect of the
Soviet policy of glasnost, is
that Feshbach, a professor at
Georgetown University and
the foremost Soviet demo-
grapher, has been able to
gather little known data about
the makeup of the Soviet Jew-
ish population.
Feshbach, who was in South
Florida recently as a special
guest of Dr. Jiri Valenta, dir-
ector of the Institute for
Soviet and East European
Studies of the Graduate School
of International Studies at the
University of Miami, snared
some of his findings with The
Jewish Floridian.
Feshbach has visited Mos-
cow 15 times and in 1986-87
lived in Brussels as the Soviet-
ologist in Residence for the
Secretary General of NATO,
Lord Peter Carrington. (He
was also in South Florida last
week to see his son, Michael
Feshbach, installed as assist-
ant rabbi at Boca Raton's Tem-
ple Beth El).
There are basically three
groups of Jews with an Orien-
tal descendancy and two
groups of Jews with a Euro-
pean/Ash kenazic descendancy
in the Soviet Union. Knowing
this gives one an insight into
their degrees of religiosity,
Continued on Page 7
Last Ex-Nazi Held in Dutch Prison
Dies Eight Months After Release
AMSTERDAM (JTA) The last remaining ex-Nazi held
in a Dutch prison, who was released last Jan. 27, died some
days ago in the West German village of Bigge, southeast of
Franz Fischer, 87, whose release from the Dutch prison
in Breda on Jan. 27 caused much debate and psychological
trauma in Holland, was the last survivor of two aged Nazi
war criminals who had come to be known as "The Breda
Two." They were in turn once part of a quartet of Nazis in
that prison called the "Four of Breda."
NCCJ Assists Tennessee Community
Facing March by White Racist Group
The National Conference of Christians and Jews has
become the first national organization to offer assistance to
citizens of a small Tennessee city opposing a march set by a
white racist group now based in Idaho.
The National Executive Board of the NCCJ endorsed the
efforts of a community coalition in Pulaski, Tennessee to
depict their area as a place trying to overcome rather than
perpetuate racism.
Reconstructionist Judaism,
the small religious movement
famed for challenging many of
Judaism's most cherished pre-
cepts, has issued a new prayer-
book that defies some basic
tenets of Reconstructionism
Entitled "Kol Haneshama"
("All the Soul"), it is the movp
ment's first new prayerbook in
44 years.
As its name hints, the new
prayerbook abandons the clas-
sical Reconstructionist disdain
for the spiritual and other-
worldly. It is steeped in awe of
Divine mysteries, including
once-spurned miracles such as
the parting of the Red Sea. It
even restores albeit as an
"alternative" reading
Judaism's most defiant declar-
ation of chosenness, the
"Aleynu" prayer.
"This represents the coming
together of what has been the
reputation of Reconstruction-
ism for intellectual honesty,
which has been maintained,
and a new sense of openness,"
said Rabbi Arthur Green, pres-
ident of the Reconstructionist
Rabbinical College, at a news
conference where "Kol Hane-
shama" was unveiled. "It's the
coming together of the mysti-
cal and the spiritual with the
intellectually honest and
"The simple question, 'Do I
literally believe in this or not?'
is not the exact determinant of
what one can say in prayer,"
Green said.
The new prayerbook was
compiled by a committee of
rabbis and lay leaders and was
edited by Rabbi David
Teutsch, a professor at the
Philadelphia-based Recon-
structionist college. It contains
only the Friday night service;
a full-scale Sabbath and festi-
val prayerbook is expected in
about two years.
"This revision has been a
long time coming," said Lillian
Kaplan, past president of the
Federation of Reconstruction-
ist Congregations and
Havurot, who launched the
prayerbook project two years
Reconstructionism's first
prayerbook, Kaplan said, "was
printed in 1945 for a genera-
tion of Jews who were steeped
Jewish tradition and were
looking for ways to assimilate.
Now that condition has almost
been reversed." The new pray-
erbook, she said, is aimed at "a
new generation of Jews who
come from assimilated back-
grounds and are looking for
ways to return to tradition."
The 1945 prayerbook pur-
posely eliminated such classic
Jewish ideas as chosenness,
resurrection of the dead and
the rebuilding of the Temple in
Jerusalem. Those changes
reflected the theories of
Reconstructionism's founder,
the late Rabbi Mordecai M.
Kaplan, author of the 1935
"Judaism as a Civilization."
Kaplan's innovations
prompted outraged reactions
at the time from some figures
on the religious right, who
went so far as to stage a public
burning of the 1945 prayer-
book. The burning was
reported on the front page of
the New York Times.
The new prayerbook is
hardly less daring. It is frankly
influenced by such modern
trends as feminism, environ-
mentalism, "New Age" mysti-
cism, and most of all the cha-
vurah-style Judaism of the late
1960s. It adds liturgical treat-
ments of the Holocaust and the
birth of Israel. It avoids refer-
ences to God as "he," lists the
matriarchs along with the
patriarchs, offers visual aids to
private meditation and pro-
vides musical notation to tradi-
tional Sabbath songs. About
half the supplementary read-
ings are written- by women.
"This is a model of a user-
friendly prayerbook," said
Rabbi Mordecai Liebling, exec-
utive director of the Recon-
structionist federation. "The
person we had in mind was not
the rabbi, but the person who
is actually praying."
The book's most striking
departure, however, is not
what is new but what is very
old. Veering from the strict
rationalism associated with
Mordecai Kaplan, the new
book reinstates some of the
traditional prayers and con-
cepts dropped from the origi-
nal Reconstructionist liturgy.
"Probably the most radical
departure from tradition in the
old prayerbook," said Green,
"was the removal of the
second paragraph of the
'Shma'. which was seen to be
referring to reward and pun-
The paragraph, beginning
with the words ve-haya im
shamo'a, is a section of Deut-
eronomy warning that disobe-
dience will bring drought and
"The new prayerbook
restores it," Green said, "with
an alternative (immediately
following it). Not because we
believe in literal reward and
punishment, but because ecolo-
gical concerns have shown us
that human actions have con-
sequences." As a result, Green
said, "we were able to reaffirm
that paragraph."
Alternatives to specific pray-
ers are offered throughout the
272-page book. The most
extreme case and the book's
most symbolic return to tradi-
tion is in the emotion-laden
"Aleynu" prayer which closes
the traditional service.
In its ancient form, the
"Aleynu" calls on the com-
munity to "exalt the Lord"
who "has not made us like the
peoples of the earth" and "has
not made our lot like theirs."
The 1945 prayerbook com-
pletely rewrote the passage,
substituting a call from the
Torah blessings to praise the
Lord "who gave us the true
Torah and planted eternal life
in our midst."
The new prayerbook still
offers the 1945 "Aleynu," but
follows it immediately with the
traditional.version and a new
one, composed by Green, syn-
thesizing the two themes.
"Some people in the move-
ment, especially after the Hol-
ocaust, feel there is reason to
come back to the original
'Aleynu,' Green said.
Others, however, continue to
oppose it hence its position
as the second of three choices.
"On the Aleynu,' we felt we
didn't have a position we could
unite the movement around,"
said Teutsch. "Liturgy is not
i'ust a top-down process. You
tave to listen to the people
who pray."
"Not only are theological
choices made," Teutsch said,
"but also deep emotional
choices. People look at a cer-
tain prayer and say, 'This is
Continued on Page 7
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OCT. 13- jL_
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Orthodox Group Contemplates Burning
New Reconstructionist Prayer Book
NEW YORK (JTA) The Union of Orthodox Rabbis,
which burned a progressive prayer book 44 years ago says
it is very possible" they may burn the new, reprinted
version that has just been published.
The first Reconstructionist siddur, or prayer book which
modified some traditional prayers and deleted others was
burned in New York by the Agudas Harabonim in 1945.
The latest version of the Reconstructionist siddur, called
Kol Haneshama The Voice of the Soul," is even more
liberal than its predecessor. The book abandons prayers for
the reinstitution of sacrificial offerings and abolishes
references to resurrection of the dead and individual
reward and punishment.
Continued from Page 6
what I grew up with.' "
Complicating the choice of
texts still further, Teutsch
admitted, was the need to
"make sure that the new
Hebrew words fit the music."
"Listening" to the worship-
per even influenced the book's
structure and appearance, said
Green. "It tries to help people
take the act of prayer seri-
ously. That's reflected in ever-
ything from the typeface to
the content."
Among the book's distinc-
tive features, Green said, are
the all-new English transla-
tions of Hebrew texts by Joel
Rosenberg, "the poet most
often associated with the cha-
vurah movement and with the
renewal of Jewish interest in
the last 20 years."
"Jewish prayerbooks are
usually translated by a com-
mittee of rabbis," Green said.
"This is the first translation of
a Jewish prayerbook by a rec-
ognized poet."
The book also includes art-
work by Betsy Platkin
Teutsch, the editor's wife. It
ranges from calligraphy and
line drawings to an elaborate
work called a "Shiviti," a
medieval Sephardic "medita-
tion device," which is intended
to help the reader achieve
inner contemplation.
Friday, October 6, 1989/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 7

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C "ontin u?- their language and their cul-
tural assimilation, Feshbach
The first group of Oriental
Jews live in the mountainous
region and speak only Tat,
which is an Azerbaydzhan-
Turkic language. They are
believed to have descended
from the Jewish soldiers of the
Persian Sassanid kings who
ruled the western shores of the
Caspian Sea in the 13th cen-
Most of the latter group
have emigrated to Israel and
only an estimated 20,000
remain in the Soviet Union.
The second group of Oriental
Jew is Georgian Jews: They
may originate from the Jewish
slaves that an Armenian king
accepted from Nebuchaden-
Georgian Jews have left the
Soviet Union in large num-
bers, and are believed to be
only half of the estimated
55,000 they numbered in 1959.
The first group of European
or Ashkenazic Soviet Jews
came from communities that
essentially were not part of the
Soviet Union until World War
The largest category of
European Soviet Jews are cal-
led Core Soviet Jews.
This large group of approxi-
mately one million Jews, is a
more highly educated group,
more mobile and more assimi-
lated, Feshbach says. And it is
mostly the Core Soviet Jews
who emigrate to America.
In the short run, he predicts
Soviet Jews to continue their
emigration pattern.
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