The Jewish Floridian of South County

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Title:
The Jewish Floridian of South County
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Added title page title:
Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
F.K. Shochet.
Place of Publication:
Boca Raton, Fla

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Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Boca Raton (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Boca Raton

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Dec. 14, 1979)-
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.

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University of Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44560186
lccn - sn 00229543
ocm44560186
System ID:
AA00014304:00341

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Full Text
/
aisfiA,
w-^ The Jewish ^^ y
FlomdiaN
of South County
Volume 11 Number 14
Serving Boca Raton, Delray Beach, and Highland Beach, Florida Friday, July 14, 1989
Price: 35 Cents
Supreme Court
Ruling Polarizes
Jewish Groups
FIRST WEDDING Polish-bom Joanna Kan, 22, and Robert Blum, 29, both of New York,
exchange wedding vows in the first Jewish marriage ceremony to take place in a synagogue in
Warsaw since World War II. The ceremony was performed by Rabbi Menachen Joskowitz,
who has come from Israel to be Poland's only rabbi for two years. (APIWide World Photo)
Mixed Signals
In CrechelMenorah Cases
By HOWARD ROSENBERG
WASHINGTON (JTA) -
American Jewish groups had
mixed reactions to the
Supreme Court's complicated
ruling on which types of religi-
ous symbols may be displayed
on government property with-
out violating the First Amend-
ment to the Constitution.
In a 5-4 decision, the justices
ruled the display of a Christ-
mas nativity scene, or creche,
in a Pittsburgh courthouse
violated the First Amend-
ment's Establishment Clause,
which prohibits government
endorsement of religion.
' At the same time, the court
ruled 6-3 that the posting of a
menorah and Christmas tree
outside Pittsburgh's City Hall
was constitutionally permissi-
ble, because they were part of
a seasonal display that "has
attained a secular status in our
society."
Orthodox Jewish groups
welcomed the menorah ruling
and were largely silent about
the ban on the creche.
Conversely, non-Orthodox
Jewish groups concerned
about maintaining a strict sep-
aration between church and
state were pleased at the rul-
ing against the nativity scene
and, in many cases, upset that
the court did not go further to
rule against the menorah disp-
lay, as well.
The case, Chabad and
County of Allegheny and City
of Pittsburgh vs. American
Civil Liberties Union et al.,
pitted the Lubavitch Hasidic
movement and Orthodox allies
against the ACLU and Jewish
groups concerned about main-
taining church-state separa-
tion.
Shortly before Christmas
1986, the Greater Pittsburgh
Chapter of the ACLU sued to
ban the display of an 18-foot-
high menorah, owned by Cha-
bad, next to a 45-foot-high
Christmas tree outside Pitts-
burgh's City-County Building.
The groups also sued to ban
the display of a creche,
donated by a Roman Catholic
group, on the grand staircase
of the Allegheny County
Courthouse.
BRIEFS ON BOTH SIDES
A U.S. district court upheld
the constitutionality of both
displays. But in March 1988,
the U.S. Court of Appeals for
the Third Circuit overturned
that decision.
When the case went to the
U.S. Supreme Court, several
Jewish groups filed friend-of-
the-court briefs urging the jus-
tices to forbid both the men-
orah and creche displays.
The groups included the
Anti-Defamation League
of B'nai B'rith, American Jew-
ish Committee and American
Jewish Congress, which filed
its brief on behalf of the
National Jewish Community
Relations Advisory Council.
NJCRAC is the policy-
planning umbrella group for
110 local Jewish community
relations councils.
Several Orthodox Jewish
groups, on the other hand,
urged the court to uphold the
constitutionality of the men-
orah display.
They included the National
Jewish Commission on Law
and Public Affairs, National
Council of Young Israel, Rab-
binical Alliance of America,
Rabbinical Council of America,
Union of Orthodox Jewish
Congregations of America and
the Union of Orthodox Rabbis
of the United States and Can-
ada.
By DAVID FRIEDMAN
WASHINGTON, (JTA) -
Several American Jewish
groups have expressed con-
sternation over the U.S.
Supreme Court's ruling allow-
ing states to sharply limit the
practice of abortion.
"The court has decided to
chip away at women's repro-
ductive rights by giving the
states power to regulate abor-
tions," said Lenore Feldman,
national president of the
National Council of Jewish
Women said.
"In many states, this deci-
sion will turn the clock back to
the days before 1973 and will
open the door for states to
abandon women's right to
choose."
1973 was the year the U.S.
Supreme Court affirmed a
woman's constitutional right
to have an abortion in the
landmark Roe vs. Wade case.
The court stopped short of
overturning that ruling, but
activists on both sides of the
divisive issue agree that the
scope of the 1973 decision was
severely weakened. The deci-
sion was "almost an invitation
of the court to states to come
up with their own (anti-
abortion) laws," said Aileen
Cooper, director of public
affairs for B'nai B'rith
Women.
The only support for the
court's ruling in the Jewish
community came from Ortho-
dox organizations. Abba
Cohen, Washington represen-
tative of Agudath Israel of
America, said that his organi-
zation's attorneys would have
to analyze the decision before
making a formal statement.
"However, based on prelimi-
nary reports, it appears as if
the court has taken a step
away from the absolute per-
missiveness of Roe vs. Wade
by making abortion on demand
less readily available," Cohen
said. "We regard that as a
positive development."
Dennis Rapps, executive
director of the National Jewish
Commission on Law and Pub-
lic Affairs, which defends the
rights of Orthodox Jews, said
his group had not taken a
position in the case, "since
there is no compulsion to have
an abortion."
But he, too, stressed that
Orthodox Jews are "opposed
to the concept of abortion on
demand."
The court's 5-4 decision,
written by Chief Justice Wil-
liam Rehnquist, upheld a Mis-
souri law that restricts abor-
tion by denying public funds
and facilities for counseling on
or performing abortions.
The court also said that a
Continued on Page 5
United States Senator Connie
Mack (R-FL) said the Adminis-
tration should suspend talks
with the PLO, pending congres-
sional hearings on the Admin-
istration's Mideast strategy.
Mack, in a letter to Secretary
of State James Baker, was
reacting to news reports that
some State Department offi-
cials had begun discussions
with Salah Khalaf, the PLO's
number two official. This is the
first time the Administration
has held discussions with a
PLO official at such a high
level.


Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, July 14, 1989
Khomeini's Legacy:
Fundamentalism vs. Patriotism
By TODD WINER
The death of Ayatullah Kho-
meini has given a ray of hope
to what is left of Iran's small
Jewish community, according
to a leading Iran watcher, but
only if Parliament Speaker
Hashemi Rafsanjani is elected
president in August.
Marvin Zonis, a professor at
the University of Chicago's
Graduate School of Business,
said that with the passing of
the 86-year-old Khomeini,
Iran's rigidly enforced Islamic
theocracy may give way to an
environment where Iranian
Jews can live with less fear
and anxiety.
At the time of the Islamic
revolution in Iran in 1979,
Zonis said, there were about
60,000 Jews in the country.
"The number has dropped sub-
stantially since that time and
the estimates are that some
40,000 Jews remain or
maybe less, there is little data
on it."
After the revolution, Zonis
said, Jews were at first sub-
jected to terror and execu-
tions. Later, they were some-
what protected as members of
a state-recognized religion.
Zonis said the Jews in Kho-
meini's Iran shared a condition
with other minorities, such as
the Armenians and Assyrians.
"They are members of a reli-
gion which is recognized by
Islam as a legitimate mono-
theistic faith. The Old Testa-
ment is recognized as a legiti-
mate sacred text by Moslems.
The difficulty Iranian Jews
have had under Khomeini is
that if they are seen as patri-
otic Iranian Jews, they are all
right, but if they are seen as
Jews with an attachment to
Israel, then they are not con-
sidered legitimate anymore.
"They've had to tread a very
thin line and to be careful to be
very critical of Israel, because
if not, they were considered
agents of the 'Zionist conspir-
acy.' "
In addition, prohibitions
were placed on Jews wanting
to travel outside of the country
during Khomeini's reign. "Ira-
nian Jews have not been free
to travel unless they leave sub-
stantial assets, not necessarily
material ones, behind. It's a
form of Iranian blackmail, to
make sure they come back and
don't flee the country.
"To the best of my know-
ledge, Jews are still not
allowed to leave Iran with
their entire family, which is
not true for Christians, I was
told recently that a Jew cannot
leave the country unless a
spouse is left behind."
Another problem for Iranian
Jews, Zonis said, is that in
Iran, all children have to
receive Islamic education in
the public schools.
Religious schools are
allowed, but the government
S controls the curriculum so
^ tightly that there is really no
03 difference between a govern-
g ment school and a Jewish reli-
2 gious school. The government
has also made it very hard to
M teach the Hebrew language."
Still, Zonis said, while
r "there has been a lot of pres-
~ sure on Jews and other recog-
nized minorities, it hasn't been
as crudely directed as has been
the case with the Bahais, many
of whom were jailed and exe-
cuted.
"But obviously it has been a
very difficult situation for the
Jews. I know of a case in which
a Christian was fired from a
high-level job and was told it
was because they couldn't
allow a Christian to have
responsibility for the fate of
large number of Moslems. I'd
have to believe its even worse
for Jews," Zonis said.
During the last years of the
Shah, Zonis said, there were
large numbers of Jews enter-
ing the professions, where it
was easier to be independent
of the whims of a Moslem boss.
Jews were also engaged in
businesses that served foreig-
ners, but that occupation has
disappeared as visitors to the
war-ravaged country van-
ished.
"So the Jews were out of the
government bureaucracy and
the tourist trade, and the pro-
fessions are closed to them,
"Zonis said. "I suppose now
they have businesses. It's got
to be very tough for them.
Many of their previous fields
of employment have been
pretty much eliminated."
Added to their problems was
the country being at war with
Iraq. Once the war began, "it
was very hard for a Jew to be
viewed as a patriotic Iranian.
What the ayatollah did was to
emphasize the centrality of
Islam to Iraniah life. He
downplayed Iranian patriotism
in the interest of Islamic
nationalism.
"Clearly, Jews would be
excluded from the expression
of this kind of patriotism. The
Jewish community tried very
hard to be Iranian patriots.
But there comes a point
where, if you push Iranian
patriotism too much, the peo-
ple say 'what does that mean,
are you against Islam and the
unity of the Islamic people?"
So if the Jews went too far in
stressing their Iranian patrio-
tism, they ended up as being
anti-Islamic.
"Iranian Jews were drafted
in the war against Iraq, and
there were constant efforts by
leaders of the Jewish commun-
ity to demonstrate their com-
So if the Jews went too
far in stressing their
Iranian patriotism,
they ended up as being
anti-Islamic.
mitment to the regime by spe-
cial fund-raising campaigns
among the Jewish community.
And Jewish volunteers to the
front were always made a big
deal out of by the Jews."
Now that it appears the 55-
year-old Rafsanjani will take
over the reigns of the country,
Zonis believes conditions for
Jews should improve.
"A Rafsanjani-run Iran will
be one which is much better
for the West and for Iranian
Jews. While he is no great civil
libertarian he's Stalinist, I
suppose I do think he is
much less committed to Islam
than Khomeini was, and so is
more of an Iranian patriot, as
Stalin was sort of a Soviet
patriot.
"In that sense, I think it will
be much easier for Jews to
function in Iranian society
because they will not be const-
antly running up against the
Moslem qualities of Iran,
which the Ayatollah Khomeini
stressed almost exclusively."
Zonis said the departure of
Jews from Iran has ceased
"partly because so many left
originally and also because the
atmosphere in Iran has
changed since the beginning of
the revolution when there
were pogrom-like incidents
conducted against Jews.
"At that time, members of
the Jewish community were
arrested on the grounds that
they were spying for Israel
and some of them were killed.
So there was a lot of terror in
the beginning and the Jews
were trying to get out, and
with all the chaos it was easier
to flee.
"I think that has slowed
down now, especially because
because the terror against
Jews has stopped."
The effect of Khomeini's
death on Iran's relationship
with Israel will depend on
what Rafsanjani deems
important to him.
Zonis said he believes that
Iran's support of extremist
Palestinian factions in
Lebanon will increase.
"I don't think it is possible to
have formal relations with
Israel, under any of the lead-
ers of Islamic Republic. But as
we saw in the Iran-Contra
affair, if Rajsanjani deems it to
be in Iran's interest in general,
and his interest in particular!
he'll have relations with any-
body, including Israel.
"At the moment, it's diffi-
cult to tell what will happen.
When the war was going on
with Iraq, since Iraq was an
enemy of Israel and Iraq and
Iran were enemies, it was rela-
tively easy for Iran and Israel
to get together.
"Now that the war is over,
the major thing that connects
Israel and Iran is Lebanon,
and there they are on opposite
sides, with Iran backing Syria
and Israel backing the Chris-
tians."
Zonis said current figures
put the number of Iran's Revo-
lutionary Guards in Lebanon, a
force very much hostile to
Israeli interests there, at
approximately 3,500.
"I think there is no question
that as Iran's role in Lebanon
is increased, it entails greater
support for rejectionist Pales-
tinians and greater support for
the most extreme elements in
Hezbollah. Both of those
groups working in Lebanon,
with the help of Iran, mean
increased attacks and efforts
to infiltrate into Israel. It
could be a mess.
"It's not clear now if Rafsan-
jani has the power to turn
down the heat on Israel in
Lebanon. When he begins to
assert his central authority,
then I think he would turn it
down if it was in Iran's inter-
ests. But at the moment, even
if he had the power to do it, I
don't think he would."
Quake Victims Arrive
TEL AVIV, (JTA) The
arrival of dozens of Soviet
earthquake victims for medical
treatment here is creating
great excitement, as the first
direct El Al flight between
Israel and the Soviet Union is
raising Israel hopes for more
cooperation and better rela-
tions between the two coun-
tries.
An El Al Boeing 757 brought
more than 60 Soviet Armenian
earthquake victims, most of
them amputees, to Israel, com-
pleting the* first stage of a
humanitarian mission.
The plane, chartered by the
American Jewish Joint Distri-
bution Committee, which
organized and financed the
mission, flew back and forth to
Yerevan, capital of Soviet
Armenia, in one day.
The mercy mission received
considerable coverage by the
official Soviet news media, and
the Russian authorities and
people seem genuinely appre-
ciative.
The Israeli government and
El Al hope the reservoir of
good will created by the mis-
sion will hasten the establish-
ment of direct commercial
flights between Moscow and
Tel Aviv.
They are especially needed
now, if Israel is to divert many
of the large numbers of Jews
leaving the USSR to its shores
instead of the United States or
other Western countries.
The casualties, many of
them children, were carried off
the plane or descended on
crutches. All were injured in
the earthquake that devas-
tated the Yerevan area Dec. 7.
All of them had been treated
by an Israeli medical team,
which had been dispatched to
the disaster area at the time.
They include 49 who lost
limbs and 12 multiple fracture
victims.
While in Israel, the ampu-
tees will be fitted with artifi-
cial limbs. All of the patients
will receive further medical
treatment and rehabilitation
therapy before returning
home.
The government-owned
Sheba Hospital in Tel
Hashomer and the Rambam
Hospital in Haifa were
selected to provide these ser-
vices.
EARTHQUAKE SURVIVOR IN ISRAEL One of mare
than 60 Armenian earthquake survivors just arrived in
Israel, supports himself with the aid of his crutch as he
smiles and waves, after disembarking from an Israeli
national airline plane at Ben Gurion Airport. He is greeted
by an Israeli-based Armenian priest and other unidentified
officials. He and the other severely injured survivors will
receive medical treatment and rehabilitation during their
approximate six week stay in Israel. (AP/Wide World
Photo)


Friday, July 14, 1989/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 3
v/TA
Desecrating Symbols of Freedom
By RABBI MARC H. TANENBAUM
In Communist China last
month, during those awful,
terror-ridden days, the army
ruthlessly destroyed the
replica of the American Statue
of Liberty, symbol of the pro-
democratic forces of the Chi-
nese people.
In the United States two
weeks ago, the Supreme Court
bizarrely ruled based on the
First Amendment guarantee
of free speech that burning
the American flag in political
protest is protected under the
Constitution.
I do not wish to be misunder-
stood. I do not want to suggest
for a single moment that there
is even the remotest analogy in
these actions. But it does tell
us something about how differ-
ently symbols should be unde-
rstood in totalitarian societies
and in American democracy.
From our religious tradi-
tions and from psychoanalysis,
we know that symbols and
symbolic language are the pri-
mary mode by which human
beings express their deepest
meanings, truths and values.
The Chinese totalitarian
rulers, as Professor Robert
Jay Lifton documents in his
brilliant psycho-historical
study, "Thought Reform and
the Psychology of Totalism,"
seek to control and engineer
totally the inner life of their
people and their group envi-
ronment, and therefore des-
troy the symbols of their souls
as much as physical lives.
In our American democracy
(and in other democracies as
well), flags and other national
never be allowed to become
idolatrous objects of absolute
veneration.
But contrary to conventional
wisdom, it is not the society
which gives symbols meaning
so much as the symbols which
give society meaning and
coherence.
Surely the American flag
symbolically expresses our
deepest commitments to dem-
ocratic freedoms and human
liberties and cannot be dese-
crated at will.
One of the clearest moral
responses to Chinese and
other forms of oppression in
the world should be the appro-
priate celebration of our demo-
cratic national symbols, not
encouragement of their
destruction.
Letters...._____________________
Unethical Award
EDITOR:
The presentation of a post-
humous award to Abu Jihad
for "Distinguished Service to
the Arab Cause" at the
National Association for Arab
Americans annual conference
in Washington is another indi-
cation of the double-talk
indulged in by Arab groups in
this country. In attempting to
play to two audiences, they say
one thing to willing English-
speaking groups and quite
another to the Arab world.
Their true agenda is quite
clear.
These are some examples
out of hundreds of atrocities
planned and conducted by
Khalil Al-Wazir, alias Abu
Jihad:
In March 1988, three PLO
gunmen infiltrated Israel from
Egypt, taking over a bus car-
rying workers from Dimona,
murdering three Israeli civili-
ans. All terrorists were killed
when the army stormed the
bus.
On May 2, 1980, six Jewish
worshippers, returning home
from a Friday night Sabbath
service in Hebron, were
machine-gunned to death by
Fatah terrorists. Sixteen
others were wounded.
In March 1978, 13 Fatah
gunmen infiltrate from the
Mediterranean and take over
buses and taxis on Haifa Road.
Forty-six Israeli civilians were
shot to death or killed in explo-
sions, 85 wounded. Nine ter-
rorists were killed and four
were taken into custody.
Khalil Al-Wazir, alias Abu
Jihad, father of the Moslem
Holy War, was commander of
the military branch of the
Fatah and Yasir Arafat's
deputy. He was the principal
organizer of terrorist activities
in the Palestine Liberation
Organization responsible for
the western front (Israel and
the territories). He was among
the five founders of Fatah in
1959. In January 1965, he sent
the first Fatah mission to
Israel, thus inaugurating over
three decades of incessant ter-
rorism.
Does this award indicate the
direction and intent of the
Arab peace initiative?
EVELYN RUBIN
President
South Florida Chapter,
CAMERA
(Committee for Accuracy in
Middle East Reporting in
America)
At Last, Moderate News
It is too early to say that the news is good;
on the other hand, there may be reason for
cautious optimism in the new report on Iran.
In recent weeks, there was at first
immediate concern for the increasing tenuous-
ness of life in Iran for non-Moslems; then, the
end to the Iran-Iraq war offered the potential
for further jeopardy to Israel, and by exten-
sion, to those Jews/Zionists living in Iran.
Now, a University of Chicago professor
advances a theory based upon the assumption
that Parliament Speaker Hashemi Rafsanjani
will be elected president in August.
The focus of the thesis is that, with the death
of the Ayatollah, Moslem fundamentalism
might give way to Iranian patriotism.
Demonstrating their faith in the new gov-
ernment of Iran would be philosophically more
feasible for Iran's decimated Jewish popula-
tion than was fealty to a faith not its own.
While this tilt in internal politics may only
slightly sway the drift in day-to-day life in
Iran, there is recognition that at least
there are no longer the "pogrom-like" inci-
dents against Jewish victims.
It can only be fervently hoped that the
terror of Moslem fundamentalism died with
the ayatollah and that those Jews who have
chosen or felt forced to remain will not suffer
further at the hands of Iran's new leader.
Evenhandedness in the
Middle East
Once again, there is the use of the policy if
not the phraseology of evenhandedness in
the internecine workings of the Mideast.
On the turn of the word "interesting" as
expressed by Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard
Shevardnadze in relation to Israel Prime
Minister Yitzhak Shamir's proposed election
plan in the administered territories, there
appears to be a tilt in the Middle East balance.
Whether the interpretation is absolutely
accurate is incidental to the perception of
players on the world stage.
Currently, discussion of the waiver of the
Jackson-Vanik amendment, the increased
openness to ethnic lifestyles in the Soviet
Union, the increased numbers of those emi-
grating from the U.S.S.R., the upcoming
exchange of direct flights between Moscow
and Tel Aviv all add to the image created of a
Mother Russia working diligently at western
networking.
If the status of affairs in the Mideast is to
advance beyong the present gridlock, then the
Soviet Union as a major player will have
to be a singular component.
The downside risk, of course, is that the
U.S.S.R. will add to the pressure factor placed
on Israel. But, that issue was a given.
With Russia offering a modicum of modera-
tion, there is greater hope and chance for Arab
participation.
M 1 1 he Jewish ^^ ^
FloridiaN
of South County
FHEDSMOCHET
Fditor and Publisher
frr4 Skarkrl
SUZANNE SHOCHET
Eieculive Editor
I'uhh-hrd Wrrklx Mid-September Ikrmijrb Mid-Mat.
Hi-W reklt halanrr of tear 11:1 ikmmk)
Mam Ollice Plant 120 N E 6lh Si Miami Fla 33132 Phone 373 4605
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Friday, July 14, 1989
Volume 11
11 TAMUZ 5749
Number 14


Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, July 14, 1989
Knights of Pythias
Left, Charles and Hannah Horowitz and Tessie and Louis
Firester, of North Miami Beach and members of George Ger-
shwin Lodge No. 196, at the Knights of Pythias Grand Lodge of
Florida/Temple Sisters banquet prior to the 104th annual
convention held in West Palm Beach.
Left, Irving Schulman, president of the Uth District Association
Knights of Pythias, and Dale Vickness, Grand Master at Arms
elect, at the Assn. breakfast meeting.
The Almost-Architect
of the Third Reich
Kof P
Installation
The Knights of Pythias
Atlantic Lodge 217 installation
of officers for the July 1, 1989
- June 30, 1990 term will be
performed by Michael Jacob-
son, 11th Pythian District
Deputy Grand Chancellor, on
July 18 at 7:30 PM at Temple
Emeth, 5780 W. Atlantic Ave-
nue, Delray Beach.
Seminar
Scheduled
A seminar entitled "Second
Marriages and the Post-
Nuptial Agreement" will be
held on Thursday, July 27 at
2:00 p.m. at The Grove Centre,
Suite 309, 21301 Powerline
Road, Boca Raton.
Jeffrey S. Steiner, Attorney-
at-Law, will be the guest
speaker.
For reservations call Geri at
(407) 487-1880. (Seating is lim-
ited.)
By ELLEN ANN STEIN
Jewish Floridian Staff Writer
A New York City doctoral
candidate became so inter-
ested in her research into the
German mentality during the
early years of the Third Reich,
that she decided to forgo her
intended degree in art history.
Instead, Elaine S. Hochman
spent 15 years traveling fre-
quently to Germany to study
the pre-war years 1933 to 1937
and personally interview the
late convicted Nazi war crimi-
nal Albert Speer.
The dissertation for the City
College of New York turned
into a book, "Architects of
Fortune, Mies Van Der Rohe
and the Third Reich" (Weiden-
feld and Nicolson, New York,
1989).
The book reflects Hoch-
man's insight into two of the
20th century's most famous
architects: Mies Van Der
Rohe, a pioneer of modern
steel-and-glass skyscrapers
and Adolph Hitler, who was
both an architect of structural
designs and of a master plan to
annihilate an entire popula-
tion.
"One cannot think of the
20th century without either
Mies or Hitler," said Hoch-
man. "Mies invented the look
of our century. Hitler you
can't think of our world today
without thinking of Hitler. So
here you have these two archi-
tects I also mean architects,
molders of our destiny, so the
title really has many layers of
meaning."
Hochman uses Mies as an
example of the educated, pro-
fessional German citizen who
wanted to gain prestige under
Hitler's reign, but apparently
at the cost of being oblivious to
Hitler's genocidal plans.
Mies was the inventor of the
modern skyscraper. A founder
of modernism and head of the
Bauhaus, he was the creator of
landmarks such as the Barce-
lona Pavilion and the Seagram
Building. He had tried to con-
tinue his already successful
career in Germany by seeking
to become Hitler's chief archi-
tect. But Hitler apparently
didn't like Mies' style and
rejected his work while choos-
ing Speer as the leading archi-
tect of the Third Reich.
WHEN she began her
research, Hochman said she
was shocked to learn that Mies
and many other Germans who
fled their fatherland did not do
so in moral protest of Hitler's
government. "In 15 years, I
never found anybody who left
Germany in moral protest.
(Mies) left because he couldn't
get any commissions," Hoch-
man discovered.
Hochman said most people
are surprised to learn that her
book is not simply one about
architecture. 'Most people
don't know about Mies' back-
ground, she said. "It was just a
very important story that
hadn't been told anywhere."
Speer showed
Hochman that
Hitler's illustrations
reflected a genuine
talent.
Hochman concluded that
Mies' lifestyle and principles
by which he lived were the
same as the principles by
which he built. "Mies ignored
everything," she said. "He
was a true artist anything
outside his art he believed
irrelevant: that includes his
children, his wife, his mistress
and politics, including Hitler.
At the top of his values was his
art with a capital 'A'."
From 1973 until 1981, Hoch-
man worked intensively on
various occasions with Speer,
conducting interviews at his
home in Heidelberg, W. Ger-
many.
Speer was "educated, cul-
tured and intelligent" spoke
English fluently, and "gave
me tremendous insight into
Hitler, Rosenberg, Goebbels
and Goering," Hochman said.
It was a "very intelligent, cul-
tured nation" that allowed
Hitler to come into power, she
said.
"The story we all have to
concern ourselves with is how
this was allowed to happen.
We all know about the concen-
tration camps, but that's not
the story about how Hitler
came into power."
Mies was born in 1886 and
died in 1969. When Mies was
Elaine S. Hochman
rejected as Hitler's official
architect, he came to the
United States. Like many who
fled Germany, he didn't choose
to talk about those years.
If Hochman hadn't investi-
gated that period, she said she
would have continued to main-
tain inaccurate impressions of
Hitler-era Germans." Many
backed Hitler seeing Nazism
as a bulwark against Bolshev-
ism.
IT makes it more difficult to
comprehend when you "dis-
miss them as monsters,"
Hochman said and puzzling as
to how "someone like Speer,
who enjoyed fine arts and was
a connosieur of Mozart .
could think nothing of working
for Hitler."
Sitting with Speer was an
"unnerving" experience,
Hochman recalled. "He was a
nice person. If you did not
know who he was or anything
about his background, I defy
any person to find him objec-
tionable, or not to enjoy sitting
next to him at dinner."
Speer showed Hochman that
Hitler's illustrations reflected
a genuine talent. "Darn good,
totally professional," she said.
Mies' architecture, though
certainly great, would not
have impressed Hochman so
much had it not been for his
earlier relationship with the
Third Reich.
"The creator of the most
admired architecture of our
time was not offended by try-
ing to work with Hitler,"
Hochman said. "How can we
admire a style that may be
based on immoral principles?"
Hochman, who is in her fif-
ties, is a native New Yorker,
married to Dr. Raymond Hoch-
man, a physician whose
mother, Rose, lives in Miami.
She was graduated from Vas-
sar College and received her
masters degree at the Insti-
tute of Fine Arts at New York
University. She had become
interested in pursuing a doc-
toral degree in art history
when the City College of New
York became affiliated with
the Mies Van Der Rohe
archives at the Museum of
Modern Art.
There, her teacher art critic
Dore Ashton suggested as a
term paper she look into the
years Mies spent in Nazi Ger-
many. "In famous last words,
before the book was even writ-
ten, she told me this is proba-
bly a book, not a paper.
Fifteen years later, her
research was published in a
book.
Hadassah Confab In Atlanta
NEW YORK More than
2,500 delegates from through-
out the United States and
guests from Israel will gather
in Atlanta July 16-19 for the
75th National Convention of
Hadassah, the Women's Zion-
ist Organization of America
the nation's largest Jewish
women's volunteer group.
Highlights of the four-day
meeting include:
A discussion of the pros-
pects for Middle East peace by
Israeli Ambassador Moshe
Arad and Egyptian Ambassa-
dor Sayed El-Reedy;
Presentation of the Hen-
rietta Szold Award to Ambas-
sador Max Kampelman, vet-
eran diplomat and arms nego-
tiator, and Renee Epelbaum, a
founder of Argentina's human
rights group, "Mothers of the
Plaza;"
An address by former U.S.
Representative and King's
County, N.Y., District Attor-
ney Elizabeth Holtzman;
A speech by women's rights
activist Bella Abzug at the
convention's closing luncheon.
Decade-Old
Charges
Dismissed
By RUTH E. GRUBER
ROME (JTA) Citing lack
of evidence, a Venice magis-
trate has dismissed charges
that Palestine Liberation
Organization leader Yasir Ara-
fat was involved in smuggling
weapons to terrorist groups in
Italy 10 years ago.
But Judge Carlo Mastelloni
ordered 19 people to stand
trial in the case, among them
Al Fatah security chief Salah
Khalaf, who will be tried in
absentia. Fatah is the fighting
arm of the PLO controlled by
Arafat.
Khalaf and his co-defendants
are charged with illegally
importing weapons, forming
an armed band, giving false
testimony, and aiding and
abetting the operation.
The accused include Italian
security personnel charged
with covering up the smug-
gling.
The case dates back to 1983,
when an investigation was
launched after police uncov-
ered a cache of weapons and
explosives while rescuing a
kidnapped American military
attache, Gen. James Dozier.
The investigation indicated
that the arsenal was trans-
ported from Lebanon to
Venice in 1979 by Red Bri:
gades leader Mario Moretti
and other terrorists in a sailing
vessel, the Papago.
Antonio Savasta, a former
Red Brigades member who
turned state's evidence, said
the weapons were supplied by
the PLO and were distributed
among various terrorist organ-
izations in Europe.
Savasta claimed Arafat was
involved.
Free federal Consumer
Information Catalog.
I>. |.( 1)1 I'ui-hlo. < oloi.klo HKKW


Friday, July 14, 1989/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 5
Amit Women
Golda Meir House Restoration
The Florida Council of Amit Women recently held their annual
luncheon. Members from South Dade to West Palm Beach
gathered at a hotel on Miami Beach. Amit Women raises funds to
maintain more than 28 projects in Israel, which house and
educate over 18,000 orphaned and needy children. Shovm left to
right are members of the Dimona Chapter in Boca Raton: Noni
Jontiff, ManyaGass, Felice Friedson, Chapter President holding
her son Gavriel, Amit's newest associate member, and Sue
Andron.
Restoration is underway on
the Gold Meir House on Den-
ver's downtown college cam-
pus. The house in which Meir
ived with her sister and
brother-in-law, while attend-
ing high school in 1913-14, was
moved to the Auraria Higher
Education Center last Septem-
ber.
In her autobiography, "My
Life", the prime minister
attributed her dedication to
the establishment and mainte-
nance of the State of Israel to
what she heard in nightly intel-
lectual discussions while living
in the house. It was during
that time that she also met
Morris Meyerson, who became
her husband.
Before moving to Auraria,
the house was barely saved
from the wreching ball, had
two temporary locations and
survived a Halloween night
fire.
The Golda Meir house's pre-
sent site is on the future exten-
sion of the Ninth Street His-
toric Park, which is listed on
the National Register of His-
toric Places. Plans call for the
establishment of the Golda
Meir Museum and Conference
Center on the main floor of the
house. The basement will be
used for related programs.
Capital
Punishment
Radio
Discussion
"Should murderers be exe-
cuted" that question is dis-
cussed by three clergymen on
the radio program, Parson to
Parson, to be heard Sunday,
July 16, 6:45 a.m. on Radio
Station WE AT, 850 on the AM
dial and 104.3 on the FM dial.
Participating in the colloquy
are two rabbis, Dr. William
Sajowitz, formerly of Mt.
Lebanon, PA and now a resi-
dent of Delray Beach; Dr.
Samuel Silver, Temple Sinai,
Delray Beach; and an Episco-
pal rector, Dr. John Mangrum,
of St. David's in the Pines,
Wellington.
Ruling
Continued from Page 1
state could determine when
life began. The Missouri law
states that life begins at con-
ception.
Most mainstream Jewish
organizations were upset by
the court decision, and there
was special dismay on the part
of the women's organizations.
Henry Siegman, executive
director of the American Jew-
ish Congress, said that the
"only virtue" of the court's
"unfortunate decision," which
allows "intrusive and unneces-
sary state regulation of a
woman's right to terminate
her pregnancy, is that it did
not explicitly overrule Roe vs.
Wade.f'
Siegman expressed particu-
lar concern that the "decision
will embolden and encourage
opponents of the right to
choice, not only at the state
and federal legislative level,
but on the streets and the
doors to abortion clinics.
Sholom Comay, president of
the American Jewish Commit-
tee, said, "We must hope that
the court will consider its deci-
sion in Webster as the outer
limit in the interpretation of
Roe and not as the first step in
the undermining of that deci-
sion," he said.

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Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, July 14, 1989
Jewish Agency
Retains Absorption Agenda
By ANDREW SILOW CARROLL
JERUSALEM (JTA) The
Jewish Agency Assembly rec-
ommended that the agency
and the government of Israel
begin an "emergency coopera-
tive effort" to expand the
absorption of Soviet Jews in
Israel.
The assembly also voted to
review the proposed transfer
of absorption activities from
the agency to the government,
a proposal that disappointed
new immigrants and their
advocates.
They had called on the
assembly to revoke or suspend
the two-year-old transfer
agreement, in order to
improve the morale of agency
absorption workers who feel
their jobs may be eliminated
any day.
The recommendations on
absorption were contained in
two of five resolutions adopted
by the assembly that address
the anticipated influx of an
estimated 5,000 to 7,500
Soviet Jewish immigrants this
year.
In all, the assembly adopted
nearly 20 resolutions on the
final day of its four-day annual
meeting here. The resolutions
contain the basic policy direc-
tives that will guide the Jewish
Weizman
Honors
The Weizmann Institute of
Science in Rehovot, Israel, has
been honored by Italy's Uni-
versity of Bologna as one of
the 40 most distinguished aca-
demic and scientific institu-
tions in the world.
Weizmann is the only Israeli
institution to be selected for
the Bologna Honor Roll, a fea-
ture of the 900th anniversary
celebration of Europe's oldest
university in Europe.
Agency's Board of Governors
over the next year.
They also stipulate how the
agency will spend the $360
million raised annually in the
Diaspora on the agency's
behalf. The Board of Gover-
nors will assess whether the
budget allows the assembly's
recommendations to be carried
out.
The nearly seven hours of
debate were marked by little
controversy, despite the
apparent disappointment by
various delegates that their
own proposals on absorption,
Jewish education, rural settle-
ment and the structure of the
Jewish Agency were either
rejected or diluted.
RELATIONSHIP
WITH WZO DEBATED
In one hotly argued resolu-
tion that eventually passed,
the assembly called for a spe-
cial committee to consider the
relationship between the Jew-
ish Agency and the World
Zionist Organization, with an
eye toward improving the effi-
ciency of the intertwined bod-
ies while increasing the "finan-
cial independence" of the
WZO.
The relationship issue was
played as a quiet battle
between leaders of Zionist
organizations, who implement
WZO educational and outreach
programs outside of Israel,
and leaders of philanthropic
organs in the Diaspora.
The philanthropists, repre-
senting the United Jewish
Appeal. United Israel Appeal,
Keren Hayesod and commun-
ity-based federations, want the
WZO to be more accountable
for the money they allocate to
it.
Zionist organization leaders
rejoiced in the resolution,
which closely follows one
adopted by their own Zionist
General Council and avoids
language that would have
given more control to the phi-
lanthropists.
"There was a renewed Zion-
ist presence," said Milton
Shapiro, president of the Zion-
ist Organization of America.
"I think the non-Zionist organ-
izations have a new under-
standing of the impact of the
Zionist movement."
But Esther Leah Ritz, repre-
senting the "fund-raising"
side, said the Zionist organiza-
tions actually want program-
matic, not financial independ-
ence.
Israel Fire-Toll
This season's fire toll in
Israel, from the end of March
until mid-June, already stands
at 405 fires covering 590 acres
of Jewish National Fund-
planted forets, according to
Sandy Eisenstat, chairman of
JNF's Fire Emergency Com-
mittee.
Eisenstat also confirmed
that over 90,000 trees have
been burned and that fire has
consumed 5,806 acres or graz-
ing lands and 5,000 acres of
natural woodlands. It is esti-
mated that at least 50 percent
of the fires are caused by
m*m
arson, Eisenstat said. The lat-
est fires have been mostly on
Mt. Gilboa in the Galilee
region, as well as in the Judean
Hills.
"As our enemies continue
their attempt to ravage the
land we have transformed,
JNF will continue to replant
every forest and to purchase
the latest fire-fighting equip-
ment, technology and commu-
nications systems," Eisenstat
pledged, adding that fire
engines recently obtained
were essential for upgrading
fire-fighting efforts.
Last summer, JNF emer-
gency crews extinguished
more than 1,200 fires, many
caused by arson. The financial
damage for 1988 totaled more
than $40 million, with a loss of
1.2 million trees over 40.000.
YOUR CAR IN ISRAEL
CHAINED TO PRIME MINISTERS OFFICE Angry
Israeli mayors from development towns, center, Mayor
Shlomo Buhbut of Ma 'alot (in northern Israel), are released
by police after they chained themselves to a security gate
outside PM Yitzhak Shamir's Jerusalem office to dramatize
their despair over the worsening economic conditions in
Israel development towns where unemployment is high and
moral low. (AP/Wide World Photo)
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WHO IS A JEW" ISSUE SURFACES
Among the other resolutions debated and passed by the
assembly were:
* A "determination" that the educational priorities in
Israeli educational institutions funded by the Jewish
Agency are "democratic values, Arab-Jewish tolerance,
religious pluralism and mutual respect."
* A call on the Board of Governors to "devote a higher
percentage of its allocated funds to 'Jewish education
programs in and for the Diaspora than is now the case."
* A charge to the current Jewish Education Commission
of the agency to continue its evaluation of Zionist Jewish
education programs and submit its report by June 1,1990.
* A recommendation that the agency provide its Rural
Settlement Department with "sufficient resources" to
develop the Galilee, Negev and Arava regions of Israel.
Delegates voted to table a resolution that revisited the
controversial "Who Is a Jew" debate of the previous year.
The resolution said tiiat the Interior Ministry, in refusing
to register Reform and Conservative converts as Jewish
citizens, had imposed "de facto" changes in the Law of
Return that were thought to be shelved after the current
Israeli unity government was formed.
But the resolution did not survive an impassioned appeal
by Mendel Kaplan, chairman of the Board of Governors. He
told the delegates that the Jewish Agency had already
worked on behalf of opponents to the proposed "Who Is a
Jew" amendment by asking Israeli leaders to remove it
from the political agenda.
( "You have negated what we have done," Kaplan scolded.
"Don't divide the assembly on a point which we success-
fully resolved last year."
Sweden to Continue
Kosher Slaughter
By SUSAN BIRNBAUM
NEW YORK, (JTA) Swe-
den will continue to allow the
kosher slaughter of poultry,
which was to have been
banned there shortly.
The Swedish government
decision was reported to the
European Jewish Congress,
the European branch of the
World Jewish Congress, by
Jan-Erik Levy, executive
director of the Jewish com-
munity of Stockholm. He
thanked the group for its help
in the matter.
Concerned that a ban on
shehita, or ritual slaughter,
would limit the supply of
kosher food to Sweden's esti-
mated 16,000 Jews, Jewish
organizations in Europe, Can-
ada and North America inter-
vened this spring to try to stop
the ban from going into effect.
North American groups that
contacted Swedish authorities
on the matter include B'nai
Brith Canada, the Rabbinical
Council of America, Agudath
Israel of America and the
Union of Orthodox Jewish
Congregations of America,
which supervises shehita in the
United States.
Sweden first outlawed
kosher slaughter in 1937, con-
tending the practice is inhu-
mane. European slaughter-
houses generally follow the
practice of stunning animals,
in the belief that it imposes
less suffering.
The 1937 law contained an
exception allowing the kosher
slaughter of poultry. But last
September, the regulation was
extended to include a ban on
the slaughter of fowl.
Originally, the Jewish com-
munity of Sweden was given a
moratorium on the ban until
March, following the interces-
sion of Jewish groups.
In March, after several
American Jewish organiza-
tions met with the Swedish
consul in New York, the Swe-
dish government extended the
moratorium until June 30.
Now, it appears, the ban has
been put off indefinitely.
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AMI
Friday, July 14, 1989/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 7
*AA^^
Synagogue News
Rabbi Dr. Louis L. Sacks will
preach the Sermons on the
themes "The Covenant of
Peace" and "Man's Pilgrim-
age" at the Sabbath Morning
Service on Saturday, July 22
and July 29 at 8:30 a.m.,
respectively.
Kiddush will follow.
Daily classes in the "Judaic
Code of Religious Law"
(Schulchan Oruch) led by Rabbi
Sacks begin at 7:30 a.m. pre-
ceeding the Daily Minyon Ser-
vices and at 6:30 p.m. in con-
junction with the Daily Twi-
light Minyon Services.
A D'var Torah in Yiddish is
presented by Rabbi Sacks in
conjunction with the Seu'dat
Shli'sheet celebrated each Sab-
bath between the Twilight Ser-
vices.
For information: 499-9229.
Myopia Toward
" Settlements"
Counterproductive
The Bush Administration
seems to be moving toward an
unnecessary and avoidable
public confrontation with
Israel over the issue of settle-
ments. The question of what, if
anything, will happen to Jew-
ish settlements in the West
Bank and Gaza is one of the
thorniest matters to be negoti-
ated, one linked to the final
status of the territories. It
would be a serious diplomatic
error to discuss the issue pre-
maturely because it can only
create strain with Israel. This
strain will also exacerbate
existing tension within Prime
Minister Yitzhak Shamir's
Likud Party on the eve of the
Party's central committee
meeting where he will be
under attack from hardliners
who fear his initiative has
already gone too far.
The first subject on the
Administration's agenda
should be finding a partner to
join the peace process with
Israel.
It is also important for
Bush's foreign policy team to
recognize that settlements are
not the most serious obstacle
to peace. Jimmy Carter
wrongly insisted they were.
The easiest way to refute this
argument is to note that no
settlements existed from 1949
to 1967 and yet the Arabs
refused to negotiate with
Israel. From 1967 to 1977, the
only settlements built were
security-related; yet the Arabs
refused to negogiate. In 1978,
Israel froze settlement activity
because it hoped the gesture
would entice the Arabs to
enter the Camp David process,
but none would join Egypt.
Number of Settlements
Declining
Today, the settlement issue
remains a red herring. Israel's
critics, and, unfortunately, the
Administration, act as though
huge numbers of Israelis have
been moving to the territories.
This is not the case. The last
national unity government
established only six new settle-
ments between 1984 and 1988.
The distribution of settlers
has also shifted in the last five
years. Jews live throughout
the West Bank, but the vast
majority live within either the
Deaths
COHEN
Matilda (Billie) of Delray Beach, died
June 15. She was the wife of Arthur and
sister of Rose. She is also survived by
nieces and nephews. Funeral services
were held at Star of David Memorial
hardens.
POMERANTZ
Abraham, of Delray Beach, died at thp
age of 93. Services were held June 21 at
Levitt-Weinstein chapels.
SILVERMAN
Anita, a resident of Boca Raton, died at
the age of 63. Services were held June
25. with arrangements handled by Lev-
itt-Weinstein.
Tel Aviv or Jerusalem metro-
politan areas. More than 40%
live in or around Jerusalem,
another 30% live near Tel
Aviv. Thus, almost three-
quarters of all Jews on the
West Bank live in areas close
to Israel's two major cities.
Another 5% inhabit settle-
ments, mostly founded by the
Labor Party, in the strategi-
cally vital Jordan Valley. This
means nearly 80% of the
Jewish population lives in
areas that both parties
believe are necessary to
insure Israeli security.
Israeli Villagers
These statistics demonstrate
that the terms "settlers" and
"settlements" are really mis-
nomers. The more accurate
description is that Israeli Jews
have established and moved to
towns and cities in the territor-
ies. The other terms are pejor-
ative and are a product of the
Arabs' campaign to delegitim-
ize the right of Jews to live in
Judea and Samaria.
There are 750,000 Arabs in
pre-1967 Israel; why shouldn't
Jews live in the West Bank? If
Jews were denied the right to
settle in Berlin, New York or
Paris, it would be considered
anti-Semitic; why would Jews
be forbidden to reside in the
cradle of Jewish civilization?
No area of the world should be
Judenrein. Surely, any peace
settlement would permit Jews
to live in the West Bank.
The status of the territories,
including their Jewish resi-
dents, is an issue that must be
subject to future negotiations.
Their current situation should
not interfere with the effort to
stimulate the peace process. A
myopic obsession with "set-
tlers" only diverts attention
from the immediate question
of how to generate support for
the election proposal. It also
allows the Arabs to continue to
make excuses for their rejec-
tion of peace. The Administra-
tion should keep its eye on the
principal objective to jump-
start the peace process sup-
ports its aly and place pressure
where it belongs on the
Palestinians and the Arab
states.
Reprinted with permission from the
Near East Report.
May 25,1989 Noted American Cantor, Joseph Malovaney (left), stands before a capacity crowd
at Moscow's Tchaikovsky Hall after concluding the first concert of classical chazzanut music to be
performed there. With him are Ralph I. Goldman (center), Honorary Executive Vice President of
the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, which sponsored Malovaney's trip, and
Konstantin Krimetic (right), conductor of the full symphony orchestra which accompanied
Malovaney. The Moscow concert was the first of five Cantor Malovaney gave throughout the Soviet
Union. He also performed in Leningrad and Tashkent.
Cantor Malovaney travelled to the Soviet Union, at JDC's invitation, to conduct master classes
for ten cantorial students who came from Moscow, Odessa, Tashkent, Dnepropetrovsk and
Petrozavodsk. The concerts were a special feature of this visit.
Candlelighting
July 14 7:58 p.m.
July 21 7:55 p.m.
July 28 7:52 p.m.
Aug. 7 7:48 p.m.
Benediction upon Kindling
the Sabbath Lights
BORUCH ATTO AD-ONAI
ELO-HEINU MELECH HO-
OLOM ASHER KID
SHONU BEMITZ-VOSOV
VETZI-VONU LE-HAD-
LIK NEYR SHEL
SHABBOS.
Blessed art Thou, O Lord our
G-d, King of the universe who
hast sanctified us by thy com-
mandments and commanded
us to kindle the Sabbath light.
Synopsis Of The Weekly Torah Portion
"And Moses smote the rock with his rod twice; and water came
forth abundantly"
(Num. 90.11).
HUKKAT
HUKKAT The portion begins with "the statute of the law" of
the red heifer, whose ashes "shall be kept for the congregation of
Israel as a water of sprinkling ... a purification from sin"
(Number 19.9). At the outset of their fortieth year in the
wilderness, the children of Israel reached the desert of Zin and
halted at Kadesh. There Miriam died. When the water gave out,
God instructed Moses and Aaron to gather the Israelites before a
rock; Moses was to speak to the rock, and it would gush water.
But Moses, irritated at the people's complaints, struck the rock
with his rod. For this lack of faith in the divine power, Moses and
Aaron were punished with never being able to enter the Promised
Land. From Kadesh the children of Israel moved on to mount
Hor, where Aaron died. Thence they circled the land of Edom,
and arrived at Transjordan from the east, defeating the forces of
Sihon, king of the Amorities, and Og, king of Bashan.
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MEMORIAL CHAPELS
Serving Bade, Broward and Mm Beach Counties.
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Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, July 14, 1989
Witness to a 'Poor Relative' Demonstration
Jewish Floridian
Staff Report
When South Florida busi-
ness executive and community
leader Leonard Luria and his
wife, Gloria, traveled to Russia
this spring they had an oppor-
tunity to meet with refuseniks
in Moscow and Leningrad.
While Soviet President Mik-
hail Gorbachev's approach to
open dialogue with the west-
ern world had apparently
made the atmosphere in Rus-
sia more conductive to free-
dom of thought, Luria still
found a great deal of anti-
Leonard Luria
Semitism which, the refuse-
niks with whom he met told
him, appears to be growing.
Some refuseniks are being
denied visas because the state
charges they have knowledge
of defense or other secret
information. But, Luria
reported on his return to the
United States, the "more seri-
ous reason" is what he calls
the "poor relative" excuse. In
order to secure visas, Luria
explained, the prospective
emigre must have the permis-
sion of nearest relatives with
the provision that they do not
owe them any money. Should
any of them refuse to sign the
necessary documents, the
refusenik cannot leave the
country. "The Russians,"
Luria said, "are using this
approach to keep as many peo-
ple as possible from fleeing..."
Why do relatives refuse to
sign the documents? From
information Luria was given
by refuseniks, some Russians,
whose children married Jews,
are unhappy about the mixed
marriage; others, high up in
the Communist Party, are con-
cerned that their position
could be jeopardized.
In Moscow, Luria met with
Igor Uspensky and his wife,
Inna, and Judith and Emman-
ual Lurie. In Leningrand, the
Lurias met with Semion Aksel-
rod, whose wife's non-Jewish
father refuses to sign the
waiver; and Lev Sheivas. (On
his return home, Luria learned
that Sheivas had received his
visa for entry to the U.S. with
the help of Florida Senator
Bob Graham.)
In Leningrad, the Lurias
learned of a planned demon-
stration by refuseniks in front
of City Hall and they went to
observe. When they arrived,
the found the demonstrators
raising placards and banners.
Through a public address sys-
tem, a police office asked the
demonstrators to leave, but
they ignored the order. More
and more police arrived on the
scene until finally the refuse-
niks were assembled and taken
to jail.
Later, Luria learned that
several prople were impris-
oned for five days; the others
were each fined 1000 rubles.
Although a camera crew
from the BBC in London cov-
ered the demonstration, Luria
explained he has no way of
knowing whether any footage
ever appeared on British tele-
vision.
It was apparent to Luria
that the "poor relative" group
which the demonstration rep-
resented was eager to receive
as much foreign publicity as
possible so that their govern-
ment would be pressured into
allowing them to leave the
Soviet Union.
Speaking to several demon-
strators, Luria found a feeling
of hopelessness and frustra-
tion at the bureaucratic red
tape. One young couple spoke
of getting a divorce so that at
least one of them might be able
to get out of the country while
the other could try to come out
later on a visitor's visa, and
subsequently stay. Luria said
they have been advised by the
leader of their own group that
this would not be "satisfac-
tory" idea and that, if they
kept trying to leave under the
rules of the government, they
would eventually be success-
ful.
Red Cross Officials Visit Israel
Dr. Cornelio Sommaruga,
president of the International
Committee of the Red Cross
(ICRC), recently spent four
days in Israel as a guest of the
Israeli government, meeting
with Israeli officials, such as
the president, prime minister,
ministers of Foreign Affairs
and Defense, and the chief of
the manpower branch of IDF;
and the families of Israeli sol-
diers missing in action.
Sommaruga's visit also
included meetings with the
management of Magen David
Adorn on areas of common
interest, as well as a tour of
the new MDA National Blood
Services Center.
Another recent guest of the
Israeli government was Dr.
Janos Hantos, president of the
Hungarian Red Cross, whose
visit was the first official one
to MDA by a senior official of a
Red Cross Society in the East-
ern bloc. Dr. Hantos is also a
member of the IRC Standing
Committee, which guides Red
Cross policy between quadren-
nial IRC conferences.
During Hantos' eight-day
visit, he also met with MDA
management, with a view tow-
ard strengthening the connec-
tions and increasing coopera-
tion between the two organiza-
tions.
Although the IRC has not
yet recognized the MDA or its
emblem, the MDA and Red
Cross member societies
throughout the world have
actually cooperated for many
years. MDA instructors have
algo given first-aid courses to
ambulance drivers and medics
from Judea, Samaria and the
Gaza Strip.
Refuseniks demonstrating in Leningrad recently are first watched by local police who ask them to
leave the area, then rounded up and taken to jail. Miami business executive Leonard Luria,
visiting in Russia with his wife at the time, took these photographs and explained that the police
action seemed comparatively "gentle," although some of the demonstrators were given five days in
prison and the others fined 1,000 rubles each. While children were among the demonstrators, who
are all victims of the Soviet government's "poor relative" principle, only the adults were arrested.
One of the major reasons Soviet Jews are refused permiision to leave the country is the refusal by
close relatims to sign documentation attesting they are not owed money. Some relatives are angry
because a son or daughter married a Jew; others are fearful ufreprinal by the government. (Photos
by Leonard Luria)
^^^^B


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