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The Jewish Floridian of South County ( April 22, 1988 )

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Title:
The Jewish Floridian of South County
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Added title page title:
Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
F.K. Shochet.
Place of Publication:
Boca Raton, Fla
Creation Date:
April 22, 1988

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Boca Raton (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Boca Raton

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Dec. 14, 1979)-
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44560186
lccn - sn 00229543
ocm44560186
System ID:
AA00014304:00309

Related Items

Related Items:
Jewish Floridian

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Jewish Floridian of South County
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Added title page title:
Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
F.K. Shochet.
Place of Publication:
Boca Raton, Fla
Creation Date:
April 22, 1988

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Boca Raton (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Boca Raton

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Dec. 14, 1979)-
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44560186
lccn - sn 00229543
ocm44560186
System ID:
AA00014304:00309

Related Items

Related Items:
Jewish Floridian

Full Text
$&l?'n
>VcW
w^ The Jewish -m y
FloridiaN
of South County
Volume 10 Number 9
Serving Boca Raton, Delray Beach, and Highland Beach, Florida Friday, April 22,1988
Price: 35 Cents
U.S. Vetoes
Resolution
UNITED NATIONS (JTA)
The United States, for the
third time this year, vetoed a
Security Council resolution
critical of Israel.
The resolution, supported by
the other 14 members of the
council, demanded that Israel
allow the return of eight
Palestinian activists deported
from the West Bank and Gaza
Strip to Lebanon.
The resolution also con-
demned Israel's use of live am-
munition against Palestinian
rioters and called on Israel to
abide by the Fourth Geneva
Convention of 1949, which pro-
tects the rights of inhabitants
of occupied territories. Israel
claims the convention does not
apply to the territories it
administers.
The U.S. delegate, Herbert
Okun, criticized the resolution
as "redundant and inap-
propriate," as well as one-
sided. "Its broad and sweeping
condemnation of Israel con-
tains not a scintilla of
balance," the American envoy
charged.
Earlier this year, the United
States vetoed two resolutions
critical of Israel's handling of
Palestinian unrest. But it sup-
ported a resolution in January
protesting Israel's expulsion of
lour Palestinians from the
West Bank on Jan. 13.
Of the five permanent
members of the Security Coun-
cil, the British delegate, John
Birch, bore down hardest on
Israel. He said, "World opi-
nion has been shocked and
disgusted by the widespread
suffering of the civilian popula-
tion" in the territories.
The Soviet delegate was un-
characteristically mild in his
speech. Aleksandr Belonogov
stressed the "balance of in-
terests of all parties concern-
ed, both Arabs, including the
Palestinian people, as well as
Israel." His remarks seemed
to reflect the conciliatory tone
toward Israel adopted recently
by Soviet leader Mikhail
Gorbachev.
Israel Celebrates 40th
iwiisb-fBoiriidlii
CobWn THE JEWISH UWTY and THE IEWBH WEFXLT
ft*

MuariauM.rwDAY.may. im
nan mm eta
ISRAEL
ROCUMED

REBIRTH OF NATION
J
TEL AVIV. (WNS)-Tbe state ol Israel tbe Hart Jewieb
"ol the 1878 yean time* the destruction of Judea by
*.*?f?ca* ** Roraan En*!**- cante into being on Friday
adabtMay 15. the sixth day of the month oi lyai in thai 5708
awefcan**/ calendar, by virtu* of a proclamation issued bar*
> *e "Sabbath eve. the filth day oi lyar/' by lb* Jewish Ma
aatCSaaadl of Palestine.
* Maah mondata ova* Palestine neared Ma and and
a* Gaaaalarionat Cunningham was preparing to leave tba
ay. tbe Council proclaimed a Jawiah Provisional Govern-
or If declared:
"We. srabm of the National Council rsjireeealiiMj taa
ab pease* to Palestine and th* Zionist movement of tba
odd. raat together in aolamn aeesaibly on tba day of the terst-
*toaof tba kith* Mondata fee Palestine, and by virtue of
****** aad tba haMoric righto of tba Jawiah people, and
IT***1*- Qoaeial "If Of lb* United Nations.
**"** the estabhrinastil of a Jewtah not, m Palaatfna
b* called ~
eitsslrja to tba international
of peace to tba Arabs to
Potoung to lb* conMbuHon el Pulesttos. Jstotaiaaa
I tba NosJa. which "gotoed them tbe title to rank with lbs
peoples who founded tba United Mottona." tba procfeakattoa
tatodthat^reccgnittonbTthaUaltodHattcaaoiaWrtobtoltb.
l-i. |pi---------"rii -hili laiai|iiiiiiliLi _l_l. BMy not be
revoked." Tbe prnrlnaerrttoa -ngctaaad with oa allialirtl t. of
taith which read: "With tniat ia Ahaigbty Cod. we sat our band
lo this declaration In tbe city of Tel Aviv on this 'iTll.ll
the fifth day of lyar. S7M."
On Thursday night May 13. bom before tbe state oi
was rrnrlatoni. tba seven states ti. "... tba Arab
docjaradlbal a ototo ol war estate batwsaa than owl tba Jews
ol Pafeetto* Thee* stales an Syria. Lebanon. Tranetordan.
Egypt Iraq. Saudi Arabia and Yemen.
tbe anay of tbe new Jewtofc
Israel Convicts Demjanjuk of War Crimes
Two More
Area Temples
Desecrated
Since late in March, four
Palm Beach County
synagogues have apparently
been the victims of anti-
Semitism, with still-unknown
vandals desecrating the
temples with spray-painted
messages referring to events
in the Middle East.
The two most recent attacks
occurred following the
assassination of KhaTil Al-
Wazir, known as Abu Jihad,
the Palestine Liberation
Organization's number two
leader.
The wall of B'nai Torah in
Boca Raton was spraypainted
with the words "Abu Jihad"
only hours after the PLO
issued a public statement
blaming Israel for the murder
of Al-Wazfr.
Temple Beth El, also in Boca
Raton, had the words "victory
uprising" sprayed on a wall.
The black painted words
were left on the walls for
several days until interfaith
services several evenings later
at both temples, when Jewish
and Christian community
religious leaders washed on
the graffiti together.
The Palm Beach County
Sheriffs Department and local
police departments have in-
creased their surveillance of
area synagogues since earlier
incidents., one in West Palm
Beach, the other in Palm
Beach Gardens, when two
synagogues were spraypainted
with messages referring to the
Israeli-administered West
Bank and Gaza Strip.
By DAVID LANDAU
JERUSALEM (JTA) John
Demjanjuk was found guilty of
war crimes, including the
murder of some 800,000 Jews
who died in the Treblinka gas
chambers.
The verdict was announced
after the three-judge panel
that heard the case finished
reading extracts from their
ponderous 45 0-page
judgement.
The conclusion was that the
69-year-old retired automobile
worker is indeed the Treblinka
death camp guard known as
"Ivan the Terrible," who
brutalized Jews even as he
herded them into the gas
chambers that he operated.
Demjanjuk's Israeli defense
attorney, Yoram Sheftel, had
conceded defeat hours before
the announcement of the ver-
dict. He said that although he
continued to believe in his
client's innocence, he had in-
formed the family over the
weekend that the defendant
would likely be convicted.
The court stressed its
"meticulous consideration of
all the evidence" and said that
while no single identification
of the accused by a Treblinka
survivor was sufficient to con-
vict him, the cumulative iden-
tifications were
overwhelming.
The court conceded that
memory of events that occur-
red decades ago can be blur-
red. But the judges also noted
that the experiences the sur-
vivors had undergone un-
doubtedly were seared into
their minds for eternity.
Demjanjuk was not able to
produce a single witness to
support his alibi that he was a
prisoner of war of the Ger-
mans during the time he
allegedly served as a guard at
Treblinka. The court upheld
the authenticity of an SS iden-
tification card issued to Dem-
janjuk as a voluntary trainee
for duty at the death camp.
The Ukrainian-born Demjan-
juk was charged with crimes
against humanity, war crimes,
crimes against the Jewish peo-
ple, murder and a string of
other offenses.
Under the 1950 Nazi and
Nazi Collaborators Law, he
could face the death penalty.
Only one person has been ex-
ecuted under the law Adolf
Eichmann, who was hanged
here in 1962.
Legal experts say, however,
that capital punishment is not
mandatory and the court has
discretion. Arguments over
the sentence wul be heard at a
later date. Demjanjuk has the
right of appeal to Israel's
Supreme Court.
Demjanjuk, who lived in
Cleveland, Ohio, before he was
stripped of his U.S. citizenship
in 1985, became the first ac-
cused war criminal extradited
to Israel.


Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, April 22, 1988
A Signatory's
Remembrance
By SHELDON KIRSHNER
Israel's Declaration of
Independence, in the
strict sense of the term,
is not law. But the Israeli
Supreme Court, in its rulings,
has invoked the document
from time to time as the em-
bodiment of Israel's true
essence.
Promulgated in May 1948,
as Israel emerged into na-
tionhood, the declaration
states that Israel "will be open
to Jewish immigration" and
that all its inhabitants,
regardless of ethnic
background, will be
guaranteed "freedom of
religion, conscience, language,
education and culture ..."
David Ben-Gurion, Israel's
first prime minister, presided
over that historic meeing in
Tel Aviv. Ben-Gurion, joined
by 36 other members of
Israel's provisional govern-
ment, signed what he describ-
ed as "the foundation scroll of
the Jewish state."
Forty years later, most of
the signatories have passed
from the scene. But one of
them, Moshe Kolodny, is very
much alive. Kolodny, who later
changed his name to Kol, went
on to become a cabinet
minister in three successive
Israeli governments in the
1960s and 1970s.
"I feel it was a great
privilege to be one of the
signers," he said one recent
afternoon, leaning back
against a chair in his book-
filled apartment opposite the
elegant Laromme Hotel.
"Since my youth, I had always
dreamed of a Jewish state."
Born in Pinsk, Kol was a lea-
der of the Zionist youth move-
ment in Poland. In 1932, he im-
migrated to Palestine, osten-
sibly to study at the Hebrew
University. Elected a deputy
member of the Jewish Agency
Executive in 1946, he was ap-
pointed head of its Youth
Aliyah Department two years
later, a post he hold until 1964.
A founder and leader of
the liberal Progressive
Party, which later
merged with the Liberal Par-
ty, Kol was named minister of
tourism and development in
1966, when Levi Eshkol was
prime minister. Serving as
minister of tourism under
Golda Meir and Yitzhak Rabin,
he was, in the wake of the Six-
Day War, instrumental in tap-
ping Israel's potential as a
popular travel destination.
Now 77 and white-haired,
Kol is frail in appearance. But
his mind remains sharp and
alert, and he reaches back into
the recesses of his memory
with all the ease of a much
younger man.
When the Declaration of In-
dependence was signed, on
that momentous day in May,
Kol was only 37, the youngest
person in the provisional
government, the chairman of
its Foreign Relations
Committee.
He was not actually present
at the signing ceremony, hav-
ing been in besieged Jerusalem
when the declaration was of-
ficially proclaimed by Ben-
Gurion. Arab irregulars had
already surrounded
Jerusalem, and Kol found it
impossible to join his col-
leagues in Tel Aviv. "I listened
to the historic ceremony on
radio," he said.
A little more than a week
later, during a lull in the War
of Independence, Kol was
flown by Piper to Tel Aviv,
where he affixed his signature
to the document. Although he
had already shortened his sur-
name to Kol, he decided to use
Kolodny in honor of those
members of his family, in-
cluding his parents, who had
perished in the Holocaust.
In the months leading up to
Israel's Declaration of In-
dependence, the provisional
government came under great
pressure to postpone what
seemed to be the inevitable
the announcement of
statehood. The United States,
one of the key international
players in the debate, propos-
ed an international trusteeship
for Palestine a proposal that
did not go down well in Tel
Aviv.
In common with most
Continued on Page 8
Murderer
To Serve Time
On A Kibbutz
By HUGH ORGEL
TEL AVIV (JTA) An
American Jew serving a
25-year-to-life prison sentence
for murder arrived in Israel to
begin a rehabilitation program
at a kibbutz.
William Shapira, 62, was
paroled by Governor Bob Mar-
tinez of Florida after Herut
Lapid, head of the
kibbutzmovement's prisoner
rehabilitation program, in-
terceded on his behalf. Lapid
acted at the request of several
prominent Israelis interested
in the case.
Under the agreement with
Florida state authorities, he
will be responsiblle for Shapira
for the 12 remaining years of
his sentence. Shapira willl
reside at a kibbutz and will
share in the routine duties ex-
pected of all members.
YOUR CAR
IN ISRAEL
ekJan
MNf-A-CM
1TDK
140
UNUM.Tl D
MIIEACI
For*
*m*
MHO
u-ax 212-6296090
1-600-5338778
in awv
.* 11 ftt Ml f AM VA Bl I 8 $Ht h a
-.id A S | % | fl '
Catholic
Journal
Renews
Diatribe
By RABBI
MARC H. TANENBAUM
Civilta Cattolica is a Jesuit-
run, biweekly journal publish-
ed in Rome. In Italian, the title
means "Catholic Civilization."
It is difficult to imagine a
more uncivilized, unfair and
unhelpful approach to the cur-
rent Israeli-Palestinian pro-
blem than the 11-page essay on
"The Palestinian Revolt,"
written by Rev. Giovanni Rulli,
that appeared in the latest
issue of that authoritative
journal.
In that article, the Jesuit
priest uses some of the worst
demonological anti-Zionist and
anti-Jewish rhetoric and im-
ages to condemn Israel for car-
rying out "Nazi-like final solu-
tions" for the Palestinians.
It is universally known that
world Jewry is anguished over
the excesses that have occur-
red, but to ignore decades of
Arab rejectionism and ter-
rorism against Israel as a cen-
tral dynamic in this present
tragedy is simply to become an
agent of extremist Palestine
Liberation Organization
propaganda.
Truth to tell, I was not ter-
ribly surprised by this anti-
Zionist and anti-Jewish invec-
tive. Civilta Cattolica has a
long and ignominious record of
anti-Semitism dating back to
the 1880s, when it published
outright accusations of ritual
murder against the Jews. On
Oct. 3, 1936, this journal
wrote, "The Jews constitute a
serious and permanent danger
to society."
In a later issue in 1936, it ad-
vised the Catholic world that
"Zionism might offer a way
out, but the creation of a
Jewish state would increase
ORT Legislative Dialogue

Sylvia Waldner, left, coordinator and moderator, and Elayne
Fischer, president of South Palm Beach County Region of
Women's American ORT, introduced a panel discussion on the
Medical Malpractice Law. Held at Florida Atlantic University
and attended by more than 200 people, the forum was sponsored
by the South Palm Beach County Region of Women's American
ORT. Fischer and Waldner were also among the ORt leaders who
attended a recent Legislative Dialogue in Tallahassee.
Leaders of Women's
American ORT's South Palm
Beach County Region
Southeast District were in
Tallahassee April 12-14 for a
Legislative Dialogue, along
with members from around the
state of Florida.
According to Elayne
Fischer, president of South
Palm Beach County Region
and Sylvia Waldner, American
Affairs chairman, the group
met with house represen-
tatives and senators to discuss
such issues as quality public
education, adult illiteracy,
women's rights, and the rights
of senior citizens.
Spanish River Teacher
Breaks "Tradition"
Spanish River Community
Hign School is presenting its
third annual spring musical
"Fiddler On the Roof in the
school's Little Theatre. Per-
formances are scheduled for
Friday and Saturday, April
22-23, at 8 p.m. Burt
Podhurst, a social studies in-
structor at the school is
featured in the role of Tevye
and there is a cast of more
than 40.
This joint undertaking of the
music and drama department
was opened to all Spanish
River students.
Seating is limited and ad-
vance tickets are $6 per person
general seating.
For information: 994-6100.
the Jewish menace." Then, in
an April 2, 1938, editorial,
Civilta Cattolica proposed that
the best thing for the Jews to
do was to relinquish their
claims on Palestine and, if
possible, to leave the country
altogether.
Father Rulli's article,
regrettably, is singularly con-
sistent with Civilta Cattolica's
historic opposition to Zionism
and later to Israel.
Rabbi Marc H. Tanenbaum it direc-
tor of international relations for the
American Jewish Committee.
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>





Church and Synagogue
to Continue Dialogue
Temple Beth-El and Joan of
Arc Roman Catholic Church,
both of Boca Raton are in-
augurating a living room
dialogue series, coordinated by
the American Jewish Commit-
tee, Southeast Regional
Office.
"The response to our
dialogue weekend (in January)
was so positive and en-
thusiastic that we didn't want
to stop there," explains Rabbi
Merle Singer, who along with
Monsignor John McMahon an-
nounced the new series.
Bill Gralnick, director of the
American Jewish Comittee,
which also put together the
original dialogue weekend,
called the living room dialogue
format "a natural for the two
institutions ... many of the
congregants know one
another, and those who don't
at latest know of the many
jointly sponsored programs
and events which the two
carry out together," said
Gralnick. "Secondly," he
pointed out, the setting is
small and informal will
Israel Silent
on Link to PLO
Assassination
By DAVID LANDAU
and EDWIN EYTAN
(JTA) Israel is maintain-
ing official silence over the
commando-style assassination
of the Palestine Liberation
Organization's No. 2 man, K-
halil al-Wazir.
Palestinians, much of the
Arab world and some Western
commentators, including
Israelis, believe Israel was in-
volved in the deed, which oc-
curred at Wazir's villa in a
residential suburb of Tunis.
Israeli officials have not con-
cealed their satisfaction that
an arch-terrorist was
eliminated. But the matter
was barely touched upon at a
Cabinet meeting, and the min-
isters uniformly refused to
discuss it with reporters
afterward.
Wazir, 53, headed Al Fatah,
the PLO's terrorist arm, since
its inception in the 1960s. He
was second in command to
PLO chief Yasir Arafat and
was considered his most likely
successor.
Wazir was best known by his
nom de guerre, Abu Jihad,
which means "father of war"
an epithet few would
disagree with. He is believed
to nave masterminded
numerous terrorist operations,
including a bus ambush in the
Negev in which three Israelis
were killed, and a similar-style
attack along Israel's coastal
road in 1978, in which 35
Israelis died.
Israel also insists he is
behind the four month-old
Palestinian uprising in the ad-
ministered territories.
Mosaad Suspected
While the popular view in
Israel is that Abu Jihad was
"terminated" by Mossad,
Israel's secret service, one
leading expert on terrorism
believes the assassination was
ordered by Arafat himself.
According to Dr. Ariel
Merari of Tel Aviv Univer-
CoatiMMd oa Pag* 4
allow people to explore more
deeply the things about
themselves that make them
good Catholics and good
Jews."
The dialogue will be pattern-
ed after a model developed by
AJC in Miami, between St.
Louis Catholic Church and Bet
Breira Synagogue. The first
year will be fairly structured.
Topics will include basic
Catholicism and basic
Judaism; the elements of the
worship service; and
understanding such key issues
in Jewish and Catholic life as
Israel, aid to Parochial schools,
right to life issues and inter-
marriage. Each monthly ses-
sion will deal with a Catholic or
Jewish topic and will have
speakers and resource per-
sons. Sessions will alternate
between Catholic and Jewish
homes. Of the groups continue
beyond the first year, they will
become less structured and
more in control of their own
agenda.
This first meeting is an-
ticipated for the fall.
On The Air
Rabbi Joseph Langner,
spiritual leader of Temple
Beth Israel, Deerfield Beach,
has raised the possibility of a
Jewish television network for
South Florida.
Rabbi Langner, who appears
on cable TV, has applied for
permission to form a larger
skein of television programs.
The Rabbi describes his efforts
in a series of discussions with
Rabbi Samuel Silver, of Tem-
ple Sinai, Delray Beach, on the
program "Interdenomina-
tional" heard Sundays, 10:06
a.m. on Radio WDBF (1420 on
the AM dial).
The two Pentecosts, the
Jewish one and the Christian
one, are described and com-
pared on the radio program,
Parson to Parson Sundays
6:45 a.m. on Radio Station
WEAT (850 on the AM dial
and 104 on the FM dial). Par-
ticipating in the dialogues are
Rabbi Samuel Silver of Temple
Sinai and Dr. John Mangrum,
rector of St. David's in the
Pines Epicopal Church, Well-
ington. The two clergymen
trace the origin of the two
holidays and describe the ways
n which they are observed.
Friday, April 22, 1988/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 3
Israel Bonds
The Pointe Savings Bank recently purchased a $25,000 State of
Israel Bond. Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Of-
ficer Ronald Blumstein presented a check from the bank to
Howard Pittman, chairman of the board of South Palm Beach
County State oflsreal Bonds. "It's a sound investment for the
bank financially," noted Julie Jackson, executive director of the
South Palm Beach County State of Israel Bonds, "but it is also
very important for the community to see that the bank supports
Israel." Other banks that have purchased State of Israel Bonds
include First Commercial Bank of Palm Beach and Boca Bank.

HERE'S A HEALTHY SNACK IDEA
FROM FLEISCHMANN'S MARGARINE
AND TETLEY TEA.


Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, April 22, 1988
Israel Silent
Israel's Moral Conscience
By RABBI GREGORY S. MARX
Temple Beth El
Boca Raton
Several years ago a police of-
ficer was forced to shoot a
traffic violator who had, in
anger, pulled a gun from his
glove compartment. Upon
spotting the gun, the officer
drew his revolver and killed his
would-be assailant. I
remember the event well
because I struggled with the
officer's choice. Was he right
to shoot first, assuming the
murderous intentions of the
suspect or should he have
waited to ascertain the situa-
tion and risk getting killed
himself?
Many people grapple with
scenarios like the one above,
hoping to synthesize their own
moral expectations with their
instincts for self preservation.
Many wonder, when is killing
murder and when is it self
defense? To answer this ques-
tion, each of us must define the
word moral. From reading the
Bible and speaking with those
who specialize in this area, I
have come to define the term
as follows: Immorality is a
deliberate and malicious act to
deny the life of oneself or
another. I suppose the con-
verse definition would imply
that a moral deed is one which
enhances and nourishes life.
The State of Israel has been
accused of handling the unrest
in the Occupied Territories in
an immoral fashion. In light of
the above definition I disagree
with this criticism. Israel is a
tiny country, not a super-
power, surrounded by hostile
forces and inhabited by an ag-
gressive population, which to
this day refuses to recognize
the existence of the state.
Palestinians refer to Israel not
by name but simply as the
"Zionist presence." No
Palestinian leader has yet to
stand up to talk pace with
Israel. Any Arab leader who
Exiled Director
Receives Invitation
From Moscow
TEL AVIV (JTA) A
70-year old Soviet stage direc-
tor, who has been living in
Israel for the last year, has
received permission to return
to Moscow next month to
preside over the opening of a
production on which he was
working before he was exiled
from the Soviet Union four
years ago.
Yuri Lyubimov, who is not
Jewish but received Israeli
citizenship by virtue of his
marriage to a Jewish woman,
is the founder of the avant-
garde Taganka Theater.
In March 1984, Lyubimov
was fired from the theater and
expelled from the Communist
Party. He moved to Israel last
year.
has, was murdered. No
Palestinian leader has re-
nounced his claim to the entire
land of Israel. Thus, after five
defensive wars and tens of
thousands dead, Israel knows
what it must do in order to
survive.
Israel must be defensively
strong. It must devote massive
amounts of its resources for
the securing of its borders. It
must not falter when internal
forces rise up to instigate a
Civil War. But physical
strength is not enough. Israel
must protect itself against a
weakening of its moral fiber. It
knows that its definition as a
state is inextricably linked to
the biblical injunction "Be a
light unto the nations." The
nation as a whole is profoundly
aware of the pain of oppres-
sion, being slaves in the
Biblical era and refugees in the
20th century. Tens of
thousands have marched for
peace in Israel. Each soldier is
commanded to restore order
by peaceful means whenever
possible. When this is not
feasible, they are ordered to
resort to physical deterence. It
would be immoral to be passive
in the face of violent attack.
Sure, mistakes are made. Sure
there are excesses (beatings,
bulldozers) in the heat of con-
frontation. Let's remember
that the soldiers on the line are
only 18 years old. They
sometimes get scared, angry
and jittery, but they are
always disciplined for their er-
rors. Israel, even in war, con-
tinues to hold itself
responsible.
In the name of morality, we
would expect the police officer
to defend himself. In the name
of morality, we should demand
that Israel defend itself
against a constant mortal
danger.
Baer Honored
By Beth El
James B. Baer, three term
president of Temple Beth El of
Boca Raton, was honored as
the Brotherhood Congregant
of the Year at a recent din-
ner/dance. Some 130 people at-
tended, including the Rabbis,
Cantor, members of the Board
of Trustees of the Temple, and
family and friends of the
honoree.
A driving force behind the
growth and success of Temple
Beth El, Baer has also had a
long association with the
South County Jewish Federa-
tion, which he founded.
Continued from Page 3
sity's Jaffee Center for
Strategic Studies, the PLO
chief and his deputy have been
at odds for some time. The
operation in Tunis was "very
different" from the Israel
Defense Force's slaying of
three ranking PLO leaders in
Beirut some years ago, Merari
noted.
Other observers here and
abroad disagree. They say the
organization and precision of
the assassination bore all the
earmarks of a Mossad
operation.
Merari and other commen-
tators agree, however, that
Abu Jihad's removal will have
severe repercussions for Al
Fatah and the entire PLO,
because of his key position in
the PLO structure. It was one
of the rare cases where a
single individual was indispen-
sible to the organization, they
said.
They believe that while the
immediate aftermath of the
slaying has been an intensified
wave of violence in the ter-
ritories, the long-term results
may actually be a relative
pacification.
Zeev Schiff, military cor-
respondent of Haaretz, sug-
gested that since the killing is
widely attributed to Israel, it
should bolster Israel's deter-
rent posture and credibility in
the eyes of its Arab enemies.
But Schiff warned that Israel
will have to brace itself for
Palestinian attempts at
"W-^ The Jewish y
FloridiaN
FREDSHOCHET
Editor and Publisher
of South County
I Frt^Skorhrl
SUZANNE SHOCHET
Executive Editor
PaMiabed Weekly MHt-Sepleaber threat* Mid-Ma*.
Bi-Weekiy kalaac* of Tew (43 ieeaea)
Main Office Plant 120 N.E. 8lh St.. Miami Fla 33132. Phone 373-4805
AdvertMac Dlrecter. Slacl Leuer. Pbeae SM-IM1
Jewish Floridian does not guarantee Kashruth of Merchandise Advertised
SUBcCBIPTION RATES: Local Area U.SO Annual (2 Year Minimum $7).
Boca Raton Mayor Emit Danciu, right, thanks Martin Wolfson,
director of sales for F'airfield's Boca Raton, for his company's
donation of materials and labor for the resurfacing of the Hughes
Park basketball facility on Glades Road. Hughes Park services a
housing authority community and a funded child care and
development center. The choice of the donation tvas made by the
City Manager's office at the request ofFairfield.
retribution at home and
abroad.
Defense Minister Yitzhak
Rabin and Police Minister
Haim Barlev reported to the
Cabinet on the fierce escala-
tion of violence that greeted
the news of Abu Jihad's
assassination. The official f-
igure of Palestinians killed
over the weekend is 10.
Palestinian sources said the
IDF killed as many as 15 in the
West Bank and Gaza Strip.
Calm prevailed in Tunis
after the killing. Small police
units patrolled near
synagogues in the Jewish
quarter during Sabbath ser-
vices. But there have been no
anti-Jewish demonstrations.
One Tunisian Jew told the
Jewish Telegraphic Agency in
Paris that "most Jews stay at
home. We all try to avoid trou-
ble as no one can predict how
the street might eventually
react."
There are about 3,000 Jews
in Tunisia. Most are elderly
and live in Tunis and in Djerba.
7* Give a Little
IL
Help a Lot!
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not only, do you receive Your lax deduction, but most important you
receive personal satisfaction. Satisfaction in knowing you re helping
support Hebrew Schools and daY care centers as well as the needY-
Help beep our heritage alive, make Your donation TODAY!
Friday, April 22,1988
Volume 10
5IYAR5748
Number 9
1
Now more than ever we need
Your help.
We desperately need your
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Friday, April 22, 1988/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 5
Bar Mitzvah
JEFFREY COHEN
Jeffrey Michael Cohem, son
of Joy and Dr. Roy Cohen, was
called to the Torah of Temple
Beth El of Boca Raton as a Bar
Mitzvah on Saturday, April 16.
As an ongoing temple pro-
ject, he was "twinned" with
Maxim Yenkelevich of the
Soviet Union.
Jeffrey is a seventh grade
student at Boca Raton
Academy and attends the
Temple Beth El Religious
School.
Family members sharing in
the simcha were Jeffrey's
brothers, Scott and Brian; and
his grandparents, Ruby and
Harold Blumberg of Glencoe,
111. and Esther Cohen of
Chicago, HI. Dr. and Mrs.
Cohen hosted a kiddush in Jef-
frey's honor following Shabbat
Morning Service.
ERIC GINNIS
Eric Jason Ginnis, son of
Magda and Dr. Malcolm Gin-
nis, was called to the Torah of
Temple Beth El of Boca Raton
as a Bar Mitzvah on Saturday,
April 16.
As an ongoing temple pro-
ject, he was "twinned" with
Valensas Glinskene of the
Soviet Union.
Eric is a sixth grade student
at Pine Crest School and at-
tends the Temple Beth El
Religious School.
Family members sharing in
the simcha were Eric's
brothers, Roland and Andre'
and his grandmother, Stella
Ginnis of Deerfield Beach. Dr.
and Mrs. Ginnis hosted a kid-
dush in Eric's honor following
Havdalah Service.
IAN BROWN
Ian Robert Brown, son of
Edward and Rhoda Brown,
will be called to the Torah of
Temple Beth El of Boca Raton
as Bar Mitzvah on Saturday,
April 23.
Ian is a seventh grade stu-
dent at Loggers Run Middle
School and attends the Temple
Beth El Religious School.
Family members sharing in
the simcha are his brother
Adam and sister Lynda; and
grandparents Jerry and Bella
Brown of Delray Beach.
Mr. and Mrs. Brown will
host a kiddush in Ian's honor
following Havdalah Services.
9H
LAYNEFOX
Layne D. Fox, son of Penny
Schwartz and Michael Fox,
will be called to the Torah of
Temple Beth El of Boca Raton
as a Bar Mitzvah on Saturday,
April 23.
Layne is a seventh grade
student at Boca Raton Middle
School and attends the Temple
Beth El Religious School.
Family members sharing in
the simcha are his sister Ruth;
and grandparents Ruth and
Sam Fox of Delray Beach, and
Terry Kovalsky of North
Miami Beach. Lavne's parents
will host a Kiddush in his
honor following Shabbat morn-
ing service.
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Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, April 22, 1988
VB News -
Kouucliip
Israel To Barter With Colombia
TEL AVIV (JTA) Israel will exchange weapons for
coal under a four-year trade agreement with Colombia,
signed in Bogota by the Israeli minister of energy and in-
frastructure, Moshe Shahal.
Colombia will purchase $250 million worth of military
equipment from Israel, including the Kfir jet fighter plane.
Israel will purchase 500,000 tons of coal from Colombia
over the four-year period.
Greens Endorse
Display Of Nazi Art
BONN (JTA) The opposition Green Party is suppor-
ting a parliamentary initiative to exhibit art produced dur-
ing the Nazi era in West German museums. But the party
also insists on both official recognition and reparations for
artists declared "degenerate" by the Nazis, who banned
their works from public display.
The government will be challenged to take a position on
the matter that has been the subject of a fierce controversy
among artists and scholars for the past six months.
40 Honored In Holland
For Saving Jews
AMSTERDAM (JTA) The Yad Vashem Award was
presented here to 40 Dutch families or groups who saved
Jewish lives during the Nazi occupation of Holland in
World War II. The presentations were made by the am-
bassador of Israel, Zeev Suffoth, in the presence of Queen
Beatrix of the Netherlands. According to Suffoth, 3,000
Yad Vashem awards have been made in Holland to date,
and several hundred more are to follow.
Dotan Appointed VP
At Ben-Gurion
BEERSHEVA Amira Dotan, former head of the IDF
Women's Corp, and the first Israeli woman to be promoted
to the rank of Brigadier-General, has been appointed vice
president for Development of International Relations at
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev.
She will be responsible for developing and fostering the
University's Friends Associations throughout the world
and in Israel.
Denial Of Rights
To Soviet Jews
Protested By
American Postal Workers
NEW YORK Herb Magidson, president of the Jewish
Labor Committee, announced that an official protest of the
obstruction of mail delivery, as well as a list of human
rights violations against Jews living in the Soviet Union,
were brought to the attention of a Congressional Subcom-
mittee, when the American Postal Workers Union testified
before the House Subcommittee on Postal Operations and
Services.
The union representative expressed the postal workers
union's opposition to the "consistent and deliberate non-
delivery or obstruction of delivery of mail from abroad to
certain of the Soviet Union, notably Soviet Jews and others
who have expressed a desire to emigrate." The actions
were characterized as a "clear violation of rights
guaranteed by both Soviet law and international
agreements."
Israel Embarks on
Civil Space Program
New York The State of
Israel is making a late bid to
enter the international market
for the commercial exploita-
tion of space now worth $10
billion a year.
The nation's civil space pro-
gram and the niche it will fill,
was discussed at a conference
of aerospace scientists and
policymakers from Europe,
the United States and Israel at
Techpion-Israel Institute of
Technology in Haifa.
A key speaker at the con-
ference, Dr. Burton I. Edelson
of John Hopkins University,
urged Israel to join the world
space community during Inter-
national Space Year in 1992.
"Israel already possesses
Arabs Criticize
Jackson
WASHINGTON (JTA) -
The Rev. Jesse Jackson, in try-
ing to win Jewish support for
the New York Democratic
presidential primary held
Tuesday, may have lost some
of his backing among Arab
Americans.
Jackson has come under fire
from the American-Arab Anti-
Discrimination Committee for
his statement that if elected
president, he would not "sit
down" at a negotiating table
with Yasir Arafat, head of the
Palestine Liberation
Organization.
"We must not equate Arafat
and the PLO with a sovereign
people, the Palestinian peo-
ple, Jackson said on the CBS-
TV program "Face the
Nation."
"In the final analysis, it's not
Arafat versus Israel; it's the
Israelis versus the Palesti-
nians," he said.
Abdeen Jabara, president of
the Arab group, said in a letter
to Jackson that "your attempt
to distinguish the PLO from
the Palestinian people will not
improve your position with
Jewish voters in New York but
will, sadly, raise questions
among your traditional sup-
porters as to your willingness
to stand firm on principle."
Jabara expressed "disbelief
at Jackson s chilled position
toward Arafat, saying "vir-
tually every Arab American
looked to (Jackson) as the one
symbol of strength in a field of
political candidates who are
notorious for their unwill-
ingness to stand up to the pro-
Israel lobby."
Organizations
WOMEN'S AMERICAN
ORT
The Sooth Palm Beach
County Region sponsored a
free community forum
"Medical Malpractice: It's
Your Headache Too!" at
Florida Atlantic University.
The panel was composed of
State Senator Eleanor
Weinstock; Dr. Joseph Yates,
medical director of the
emergency department of
Bethesda Memorial Hospital,
who represented the Palm
Beach County Medical Society;
attorney Christian Searcy; and
Scott Carruthers of the
Department of Insurance in
Tallahassee. Sylvia Waldner,
vice president of American Af-
fairs for the Region, was coor-
dinator and moderator.
The Lakeside Chapter, will
meet on Monday, April 25, at
12:30 p.m. at Patch Reef Park.
After a short business
meeting, cosmetologist Mur-
ray Kulka will demonstrate
and explain the art of using
makeup. Refreshments will be
served. For information:
276-1524.
The Lakeside Chapter will
also hold a Membership Tea on
Tuesday April 26, at 1:30 p.m.
at the home of Fritzie Berk.
For information: 276-3732.
WOMEN'S LEAGUE FOR
ISRAEL
The Mitzvah Chapter is
planning two theater parties:
on May to the Burt Reynolds
Dinner Theatre and on May 11
to see "Can Can." For infor-
mation: 483-3645, 482-3280 or
482-9746.
CIRCLE
Branch 1051, Delray Beach,
meets the second Wednesday
of every month, from October
to May, at 1 p.m. in Temple
Sinai, 2475 West Atlantic
Avenue. For information:
499-2055 or 498-9091.
The newly formed Boca
Masada chapter (of Century
Village) will hold its meeting
on Thursday, April 28 at 1
p.m. in the administration
building. For information:
487-0963 or 482-4957.
Attorney To Lead
National Jewish Scouting
IRVING, TX. A Westchester County (N.Y.) lawyer,
long active in the work of the Boy Scouts of America, has
been named to chair the National Jewish Committee on
Scouting. Robert G. Kurzman, of Scarsdale will expand the
number of Scouting units under Jewish auspices,
strengthening relationships, and developing programs of
emphasis with national Jewish organizations.
IF YOU THINK
FLORIDA'S HOT
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KUTSHER'S
much advanced technology
needed for future space mis-
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The scientists agreed that
major economic opportunities
existed in satellite communica-
tions, earth resource assess-
ment, weather prediction and
direct broadcasting.
Dr. M. Klajn of the Israel
Space Agency, established in
1983, said that Israel must
participate in a national space
program for the spinoffs of
research to "maintain the com-
petitive edge of its high-tech
industry" He said that a scien-
tific satellite should be a near
term goal.
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I
Synagogue oWetv
Friday, April 22, 1988/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 7
ANSHEI EMUNA
Rabbi Dr. Louis L. Sacks will
preach the sermon on the
theme "The Holiness of the
Word" at the Sabbath Morn-
ing Service on Saturday, April
23, at 8:30 a.m. Kiddush will
follow.
The Se'udat Shli'shet with
the Rabbi's D'var Torah in
Yiddish will be celebrated in
conjunction with the Sabbath
Twilight Minyon Services, dur-
ing which Rabbi Sacks will
lead a seminar in the Talmudic
tome "Pirke O'vos" (Ethics of
the Father).
Rabbi Sacks will preach the
sermon on the theme
"Holiness and Wholeness" at
the Sabbath service Saturday
April 30, at 8:30 a.m. Kiddush
will follow.
The Se'udat Shli'shet with
the Rabbi's D'var Torah in
Yiddish will be celebrated in
conjunction with the Sabbath
Twilight Minyon Services, dur-
ing which Rabbi Sacks will
lead a seminar on the Talmudic
Tome "Pirke O'vas" (Ethics of
the Father).
Daily classes in the "Judaic
Code of Religious Law"
(Schulchan Orucn) are led by
Rabbi Sacks at 7:30 a.m.
preceeding the Daily Minyon
Services and at 6:30 p.m. in
conjunction with the Daily
Twilight Minyon Services.
The sisterhood will meet on
Tuesday, May 3, at noon at the
synagogue. Tom and Jean
Hodge, senior ambassadors,
will present a slide show/lec-
ture on enjoying retirement
and recreational facilities and
areas. A Father's Day boat
ride and luncheon is planned
for June 19.
The Men's Club will host a
special Mother's Day Lun-
cheon at the synagogue on
Sunday, May 8, at noon. A
complete chicken dinner will
be served, and comedian Lee
Barry will entertain. The
"Mother of the Year" will be
announced. Cost is $7.50 per
person.
Congregation Anshei
Emuna is located at 16189
Carter Road, Delray Beach.
For information: 499-9229.
CONGREGATION B'NAI
ISRAEL
Shabbat services on Friday,
April 22, will begin at 8 p.m. at
the Center for Group Counsel-
ing on Boca Rio Road. Rabbi
Richard Agler, spiritual leader
of the congregation, will
report on his recent trip to
Israel and give his first-hand
impression of Israel at 40.
Ariela Tamir's fifth graders in
B'nai Israel's School for Liv-
ing Judaism will present a por-
tion of the service, and the
40th Anniversary of Israel's
Independence will be
celebrated.
On April 29, Shabbat ser-
vices will commence at 8 p.m.
Father Timothy Lynch of St.
Jude's Roman Catholic Church
will be the guest for an even-
ing of dialogue and fellowship.
Farrakhan Sparks Protest
PHILADELPHIA (JTA) -
As Jewish students at the
University of Pennsylvania
marked Yom Hashoah, Nation
of Islam leader Louis Far-
rakhan told a large, over-
whelmingly black audience in
another building on campus
that "a deal was struck with
Hitler in the Third Reich that
Jews would be brought out of
Germany and settled in
Palestine."
Farrakhan then compared
those Jews' treatment of the
Palestinians to the way Euro-
pean settlers treated
American Indians.
An hour before Farrakhan's
scheduled 7 p.m. speech, more
than 1,000 Jewish students
rallied across the street from
the auditorium where he was
to speak, carrying signs with
such slogans as "Unity yes,
hatred no" and "Farrakhan
promotes hatred." A police
estimate of the crowd ranged
from 1,000 to 1,200 protesters.
Addressing the tiny percen-
tage of Jews in his audience,
Farrakhan said, "I would like
to see you live in peace, but
when you try to fulfill the vi-
sion given in the Bible without
the Messiah, you run into
problems."
"Now I believe in the
Torah," he continued, "but the
way I read the Torah maybe
we have a theological disagree-
ment but the way I read the
Torah, the Jewish nation was
to wait for the Messiah."
The controversial leader said
that since "Jews do not believe
that Jesus of Nazareth of 2,000
years ago was in fact the
Messiah, and the Jews are still
awaiting that Messiah," there
can be no State of Israel.
"God will give the Messiah
to you and he will give you the
promised land," Farrakhan
said. "Theodor Herzl was not
the Messiah. Golda Meir was
not the Messiah."
Earlier in his more-than-
two-hour speech, Farrakhan
appeared to blame Jews for in-
stituting black slavery in
America.
"Some Jews owned some of
the ships that brought us over.
I did not read this in some anti-
Semitic book, I read it in the
Jewish Encyclopedia," he said,
drawing loud cheers.
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I BACH-HZI
*a i w> nm* utt mm
627-2277

0*r MM id tnHtx Maw* fnmt*
TEMPLE EMETH
KThe Singles Club is spon-
soring a Sunday, May 8,
Mothers Day trip to the
Newport Hotel in Miami
Beach. The cost of $31 in-
cludes the dinner, show and
bus. For reservations:
499-9235 or 499-6495.
TEMPLE BETH SHALOM
Representatives from the
Sisterhood will attend the
Woman's League for Conser-
vative Judaism, Florida
Branch, conference May 15-17
at the Omni Hotel, Miami.
Hilda Kravitz and Rose Juvall
will be going to the con-
ference, the theme of which is
"A Beautiful Jewish Life." for
information: 483-0424 or
483-4639.
Sisterhood's Membership
Tea and fashion show will be
held on Thursday, May 12.
New Chief For
Shin Bet
JERUSALEM (JTA) The
Cabinet approved the appoint-
ment of a new director for the
Shin Bet, Israel's internal
secret service agency. His
identity, by law, is not disclos-
ed to the public.
In another development at
the meeting, the resignation of
Amiram Nir, the prime
minister's adviser on ter-
rorism, was announced. He is
leaving his post voluntarily
after nearly four years of
service.
Originally appointed by
Shimon Peres when he was
prime minister, Nir's name
was closely linked to Lt. Col.
Oliver North, a member of
President Reagan's national
security staff, in connection
with the Iran-contra arms
sales scandal in 1986.
Premier Yitzhak Shamir
said Nir's deputy would take
over his duties, pending the
appointment of a new adviser.
The new Shin Bet chief took
office April 1, replacing Yosef
Harmelin, who was called out
of retirement in September
1986 after the director at the
time, Avraham Shalom, and
other senior operatives were
forced to resign under the
cloud of scandal.
Building To Be
Named After
Zorinsky
The Senate has approved a bill
to name the federal office
building in Omaha, Neb.,
after Sen. Edward Zorinsky
(D-Neb.), who died March 6,
1987, at age 58. Elected to the
Senate in 1976, Zorinsky was
the first Jew to win a
statewide election in
Nebraska.
Synopsis Of The Weekly Torah Portion
. "And if her means suffice not for a lamb, then she shall take
two turtledoves, or two young pigeons"
(Leviticus lt.8).
TAZRIA
TAZRIA Cleanliness and uncleanliness are further defined,
here in relation to childbirth and leprosy. "If a woman be
delivered, and bear a man-child, then she shall be unclean seven
days And she shall continue in the blood of purification three
and thirty days But if she bear a maid-child, then she shall be
unclean two weeks and she shall continue in the blood of
purification threescore and six days. And when the days of her
purification are fulfilled... she shall bring a lamb of the first year
for a burnt-offering, and a young pigeon, or a turtle-dove, for a
sin-offering, unto the door of the tent of meeting, unto the priest"
(Leviticus li.2-6). Olepers are to be brought to the priest, who
quarantines the case for seven days. A careful description of the
varieties of leprosy is followed by rules for the leper's identifica-
tion and isolation. "And the leper in whom the plague is, his clo-
thes shall be rent, and the hair of his head shall go loose, and he
shall cover his upper lip, and shall cry: 'Unclean, unclean. 'All the
days wherein the plague is in him he shall be unclean; he is
unclean; he shall dwell alone; without the camp shall his dwelling
be" (Leviticus 13.1,5-46).
. "And the priest shall look, and, behold, if the plague of leprosy
be healed in the leper"
(Leviticus 13.3).
METZORA
METZORA This portion describes the laws for the purification
of the leper after he is healed. "Then shall the priest command to
take for him that is to be cleansed two living clean birds, and
cedar-wood, and scarlet, and hyssop. And the priest shall com-
mand to kill one of the birds in an earthen vessel over running
water. As for the living bird, he shall take it, and the cedar-wood,
and the scarlet, and the hyssop, and shall dip them and the living
bird in the blood of the bird that was killed over the running
water. And he shall sprinkle upon him that is to be cleansed from
the leprosy seven times, and shall pronounce him clean, and shall
let go the living bird into the open field. And he that is to be
cleansed shall wash his clothes, and shave off all his hair, and
bathe himself in water, and he shall be clean; and after that he
may come into the camp, but shall dwell outside his tent seven
days. And it shall be on the seventh day, that he shall shave all his
hair off his head and his beard and his eyebrows and he shall
bathe his flesh in water, and he shall be clean" (Leviticus 1U.U-9).
Finally, after bringing an offering to the priest on the eighth day,
the former leper shall be formally clean.
Leprosy was understood to affect objects as well as people. The
portion describes the various cases of leprosy and prescribes their
treatment: "This is the law for all manner of plague of leprosy,
and for a scall; and for the leprosy of a garment, and for a house;
and for a rising, and for a scab, and for a bright spot; to teach
when it is unclean, and when it is clean; this is the law of leprosy."
(Leviticus UM-57).
(The recounting of th Weakly Portion of the Law Is extracted and based
upon The Graphic History of the Jewish Heritage," edited by P. Wollman-
Tsamlr, $15, published by Shengold. The volume Is available at 74 Maiden
Lane, New York, N.Y. 10038. Joaeph Schlang la president of the society
distributing the volume.)
Editor's Note: In order to accommodate a leap year,
there are extra Torah portions which must be doubled-up
from time to time in non-leap years. This is one such
occasion.
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'


Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, April 22, 1988
jfitti ^ Signatory's Remembrance
Continued from Page 2
members of the embryonic
Jewish government, Kol
believed that the state should
be declared, even if the United
States was not on-side. He had
supported the 1947 United Na-
tions partition plan, which call-
ed for the division of Palestine
into a Jewish and an Arab
state, with an international
enclave in Jerusalem, and now
he had no intention of
retreating from that position.
"I believed in territorial
compromise with the Arabs,"
he said. "And Ben-Gurion
knew he couldn't get all of
Eretz Yisrael as a Jewish
state."
Kol realized that Arab ar-
mies would invade
Palestine if the provi-
sional government declared
statehood. But he was
Erepared to face the storm. As
e put it: "We knew there
would be a serious war. We
knew that very well. I believed
that we would succeed in
repelling the Arab attack,, but
that we would have to pay a
heavy price."
Kol's assessment of the
situation was that the Jews of
Palestine had reached a
historic moment that "we
could not miss." The Soviet
Union, traditionally opposed to
Zionism, had come out in favor
of Jewish sovereignty. And the
United States, after having
toyed with the idea of a United
Nations trusteeship, had final-
ly assented to Israeli statehood
as well.
For the first time since the
end of World War II, Kol ex-
plained, the superpowers were
in total agreement on a major
global issue.
A glance at the Declaration
of Independence reveals a
glaring omission: Chaim Weiz-
mann's name is missing. Weiz-
mann, the would-be president
of Israel and the driving force
behind the 1917 Balfour
Declaration, was not in Tel
Aviv when it was signed.
Several days before that oc-
casion, Ben-Gurion had dispat-
ched Zionism's elder
statesman to Washington to
persuade President Harry
Truman that the trustee plan
was a non-starter. As a result,
Weizmann never managed to
sign the Declaration of In-
dependence, even after his
return from the United States.
Asked to comment on that
conundrum, Kol said he is still
puzzled by it. "Before he died,
Weizmann told me he would
never forgive Ben-Gurion. I
don't know why Weizmann
didn't sign the declaration. It
was certainly a historical in-
justice. Ben-Gurion had great
respect for Weizmann,
althouogh he thought he was
too pro-British."
Kol, for his part, believes
that, without Weizmann, "we
could not have had a state."
He argues that the Balfour
Declaration, Weizmann's
brainchild, laid the foundation
for the subsequent establish-
ment of Israel.
He says that the Holocaust,
which produced great guilt
pangs in the West, probably
hastened the creation of
Israel. "If not for the
Holocaust, the formation of
the state might well have tak-
en many more years."
To this day, he is bitter about
the British Labor Party's
"betrayal" of the Zionist
movement. It had adopted a
pro-Zionist plank, but effec-
tively reneged on it after winn-
ing power. "After the
Holocaust, their behavior was
unbelievable."
Asked if the promise of
the Declaration of In-
dependence has been
fulfilled, Kol said, "We have
great achievements: science,
the army, kibbutzim. We have
really built something great
here. We are happy with what
we have achieved."
But Kol is saddened by the
lack of religious pluralism in
contemporary Israel. "Or-
thodox rabbis don't want to
give equal rights to non-
Orthodox streams of Judaism.
The Orthodox are fighting
against religious freedom."
Ben-Gurion, he observed,
"never would have bellieved"
that the Orthodox sector wo-
uld try to tamper with the
status-quo agreement on the
place of religion in the state.
In Kol's view, Israel also
has fallen short vis-a-vis
the treatment of its
Arab minority. "In some ways,
informally and in practice,
Israeli Arabs are second-class
citizens. If we don't integrate
the Arabs into our economic
and social life, they will hate us
one day and will identify with
the Arabs of the West Bank
and the Gaza Strip.
"Israel must change its
policy, no doubt about it," he
said. "This government has no
interest in this question. We
have to show our neighbors
how we behave toward our
Arab minority. We are not an
example of how a minority is
treated."
Reminded that the D-
eclaration of Independence
spoke of a constitution within
a short period, Kol said em-
phatically that Israel needs
one now more than ever. "We
need a constitution to defend
our democracy," he said.
Kol is concerned about the
status quo in the occupied
territories.
"We can't give up the Golan
Heights. But on the West
Bank and Gaza, there should
be a compromise. I am afraid t-
hat Prime Minister (Yitzhak)
Shamir doesn't want (such)
negotiations because he would
have to give up part of these
territories. Shamir is not
ready to pay a price for
peace."
In 1967, Kol revealed, he
proposed ioint Arab-Jewish
rule over the West Bank and
Gaza, but Prime Minister
Eshkol considered his proposal
"premature" and Moshe
Dayan, the defense minister,
utterly rejected it.
He recalls having told
Menachem Begin, then leader
of the opposition, that annexa-
tion of the West Bank and
Gaza would turn Israel into a
binational state. "Begin said,
'Don't worry. The Jews from
America will immigrate to
Israel.' I disagreed," ne said.
"Begin never had them in
his pocket."
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