The Jewish Floridian of South County


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The Jewish Floridian of South County
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Added title page title:
Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
F.K. Shochet.
Place of Publication:
Boca Raton, Fla


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Boca Raton (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Boca Raton


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Dec. 14, 1979)-
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.

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University of Florida
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Full Text
w-^ The Jewish "^ ?
of South County
Volume 9 Number 20
Serving Boca Raton, Deiray Beach, and Highland Beach, Florida Friday, August 14,1987
FRIENDS AGAIN: Palestine Liberation Organization Chairman Yasir Arafat
(left.) and Egypt's President Hosni Mubarak greet each other after four months of
strained relations. Last April, the PLO decided to limit ties with Egypt for its
good relations with Israel, and Egypt retaliated by closing down PLO offices
AP/Wide World Photo
there. The resumed friendship grew in Africa Hall in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia last
week, where the 23rd conference of the Organization of African Unity was held.
Arafat was an official observer at the meeting.
PLO Offices Befuddle State Dep't.
WASHINGTON (JTA) A State Department official said that the
Reagan Administration has "strong reservations" about closing the U.S. offices
of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
"Closing the PLO Observer Mission at the United Nations raises issues of in-
ternational law and foreign policy, and the information office in New York raises
constitutional issues," Richard Murphy, Assistant Secretary of State for Near
Politician Jackson
Makes Overtures To Clean Up
His Act With Jewish Community
Eastern and South Asian Affairs, told a House Subcommittee on Europe and the
Middle East. "We have strong reservations we'd like to discuss with members."
MURPHY'S STATEMENT provoked angry reaction from some represen-
tatives, including Rep. Larry Smith (D., Fla.), who said that the PLO is "taking
credit for terrorist acts, and" we're way behind in doing what we ought to be do-
ing. I feel certain that the legislation (to close the offices) will move and it's bet-
past year, the Rev. Jesse Jackson,
whose 1984 presidential campaign
was plagued by allegations of anti-
Semitism, has been making overtures
to the Jewish community.
Jackson has met with Jewish
leaders privately and in public
forums, spoken before Jewish
organizations such as the Religious
Action Center of Reform Judaism,
and given interviews to Jewish
"It is a different Jackson in 1988
than in 1984," observed Abraham
Foxman, national director of the
Anti-Defamation League of B'nai
B'rith. "One has to recognize and
welcome that certain sensitivity he is
now showing."
JACKSON HAS "gone out on a
limb like that not just once, but
several times, so there is a clear-cut
pattern of an effort to reach out to
the Jewish community, and the com-
munity ought to respond," added
Rabbi David Saperstein, co-director
of the Religious Action Center of
Reform Judaism.
But while Jewish leaders applaud
Jackson's efforts, they remain skep-
tical to what extent he can put his
past problems with the community
behind him. Jackson, said Marc Perl,
Washington representative of the
American Jewish Congress, carries a
"significant amount of baggage" that
Jewish voters are unlikely to forget.
Continued on Page 2


Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, August 14, 1987_
State Dep 't Doubtful
Concerned About Legalities of Closing Down PLO Offices
Continued from Page 1
ter if it moves in concurrence with the Administration."
Legislation to close the PLO offices, introduced by Reps. Jack Kemp (R.,
N.Y.) and Dan Mica (D., Fla.), currently has 55 sponsors. An identical Senate
version, introduced by Sens. Robert Dole (R., Kan.),Charles Grassley (R., Iowa),
Frank Lautenberg(D., N.J.) and Howard Metzenbaum (D., Ohio) has 43 signers.
In other testimony, Murphy alluded to his meeting with Soviet counterpart
Vladimir Polyakov in Geneva last month to discuss Soviet involvement in a Mid-
dle East peace conference.
"THEY SPOKE at length of their interest in progress toward Middle East
peace. At the same time, they made no commitments and reiterated many
familiar positions, and there are still important gaps on how to proceed," Mur-
phy said. "I think we gave them much to think about and are waiting to see how
they respond."
On the issue of Syria, whose decision to close the office of terrorist Abu Nidal
prompted Reagan to send a special envoy to the country, Murphy said that Syria
remains on the list of countries sponsoring terrorism and sanctions established
last November remain in effect.
Politician Jackson
Trying To Clean Up His Act With Wary Jewish Community
Continued from Page 1
The heaviest load in this bag-
gage remains Jackson's
association in 1984 with the
black Muslim leader Louis Far-
rakhan, whose preaching is
marked by virulent anti-
Semitic rhetoric. In a recent
New York Times article,
Jackson said "the simple fact
is that Farrakhan is not con-
nected to my campaign in any
way. That's all that's need to
be said."
Have a problem
with your
We want to solve
it to your com-
plete satisfaction,
and we want to
do it fast. Please
write to:
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P.O. Box 012973.
Miami, Fl. 33101
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by attaching your
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Simply attach the mailing label
from this paper and write in your
new address below. (Please allow
4 weeks.)
Your New Address Goes Here
BUT MOST Jews disagree.
"What Jews want and will
continue to want is for Jackson
to repudiate Farrakhan.
There's a feeling that he has
yet to do this," said Hyman
Bookbinder of the American
Jewish Committee.
Frank Watkins, Jackson's
press secretary, said as a
religious leader Jackson "does
not repudiate the personhood
of anyone, even an enemy, let
alone the personhood of a
friend and ally in the '84 cam-
paign, at least to a certain ex-
tent, because there is always
the possibility of redemption."
Even if Jackson can put Far-
rakhan behind him, his views
South County
For Fast
. it is better to write us concern
mg your problem and include the
address label Also, address
changes are handled more
efficiently by mail. However,
should you need to reach us
quickly the following number
is available:
Jewish Floridian
P.O. Box 012973, Miami, Fla 33101
on the Middle East still disturb
Jewish voters, many of whom
see Israel as a litmus test for
support of a candidate.
Jackson no longer refers to
Palestine Liberation Organiza-
tion chairman Yasir Arafat,
whom he publicly embraced in
1978, as an ally, but he re-
mains critical of U.S. military
assistance to Israel and
Israel's occupation of the
Jackson advocates a four-point
approach to the Middle East: a
secure Israel within "interna-
tionally recognized boun-
daries"; Palestinian self-
determination and justice in-
Readers Write
The exciting Iran-Contra
hearings, just concluded, have
many ramifications.
One of them touches on the
role of Israel so often mention-
ed by the witnesses.
What motivated Israel to
take part in the actions and
The answer is that Israel is
deeply concerned about the
fate of 25,000 Jews held cap-
tive by the KhomaniacB.
If the Rea^anauts were mov-
ed by the plight of a dozen or
so hostages, how much the
more was Israel troubled by
the fact that the Iranians have
almost Hitleristicaly l>een op-
pressing their Jewish
It will be rememl>ered that
one of the Ayatollah's first ac-
tions was to turn the onetime
Israel embassy in Teheran
over to the PLO, a band of ban-
dits intent on the elimination
of Israel.
Reports out of Iran indicate
that the plight of the nation's
Jews is indeed dire. One story
has it that the Iranians have
dragooned teenaged Jews into
the interminable war with
Iraq. They have become
helpless cannon fodder.
The Iranians have been but-
chering members of the
Baha'i, according to some
So we can understand the
reaction of Israel when it was
informed by U.S. operatives
that there might be a chance to
win and woo some moderate
Iranians who reportedly might
bring about a new regime in
that country.
That was the chief motiva-
tion for Israel's role in the ac-
tivities reported on Israelis
hoped that by being of aid to
Iran, the lot of the Jewish
residents might possibly be
eased. Alas, the possibility of a
successful change in Iran's
polity has not materialized.
But what motivated Israel
should be properly
misunderstood. Another alas:
it has been under-reported.
eluding the right to determine
their own representation;
respect for Lebanon's ter-
ritorial integrity, with U.S.
assistance in helping them to
rebuild; and normalizing ties
with other Arab countries.
Ann Lewis, former executive
director of Americans for
Democratic Action who has ad-
vised Jackson on Jewish
issues, said Jackson's views on
the Middle East agenda has
many points in common with
Jackson's struggle with the
Jewish community is symbolic
of the delicate relationship bet-
ween blacks and Jews.
Although they share a history
of oppression and fought side
by side in the civil rights move-
ment, stereotypes and an-
tagonisms persists, analysts
Jackson may be politically,
as well as religiously, unable to
repudiate Farrakhan, without
risking the support of blacks
who see Jews as wealthy
establishment figures. At the
same time, articulating a
softer tone on Israel would of-
fend the "Third World crowd"
who support international "na-
tionalist movements" such as
the PLO and the African Na-
tional Congress seeking to
overthrow the government of
South Africa, according to
"HE CAN give a little on
(issues such as the Palestinians
and Farrakhan), but he can't
just suddenly shed all these
things without being accused
of pandering to the Jews,"
said Bookbinder.
Watkins suggested that
those Jews who remain skep-
tical of Jackson are
"perpetuating a political pro-
blem and are not interested in
learning the facts. What is he
(Jackson) expected to do to
end the skepticism?"
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NOVEMBER 18 22 1987

Call for Information & Reservations
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If your Zip code has changed please notify the
Jewish Floridian so you can continue receiving
your paper.

Members of Temple Beth El
Declare Support For
Adolescent Cancer Center
Eighty members of Temple
Beth El, of Boca Raton, led by
their Rabbi Merle Singer,
visited the Hadassah-Hebrew
University Medical Center in
Jerusalem this week and
toured the Sharett Institute of
Oncology, headed by Professor
Shoshanna Biran.
Hadassah is establishing a
unique new comprehensive
Adolescent Cancer Center for
adolescents suffering from
cancer in the Sharett Institute.
The Center is the only one of
its kind in Israel. Only four
such centers exist in the
United States and one in
Europe. It is being set up with
the support of Dr. Larry and
Anna Gould, of Florida, and
other members of Temple
Beth El.
Dr. Nili Ramu, who is to
head Hadassah's new Adoles-
cent Cancer Center, explained
to the Temple Beth El
members that the outlook for
survival and cure of
adolescents with cancer has
improved dramatically in re-
cent years today treatment
techniques are capable of cur-
ing more than 50 percent of
Dr. Ramu said: "Adolescent
cancer patients present par-
ticular medical and
psychological problems.
Adolescence is a period of
growth spurt, of tremendous
hormonal changes, of puberty
and of sexual development.
Cures are often affected only
by means of aggressive treat-
ment, and adolescents have to
be prepared for this and for
the consequences of the
"The new Center will pro-
vide not only medical treat-
ment for young adults with
cancer, but also give
psychological support for their
Dr. Leah Baider, the
psychologist in the new
Center, explained that for a
{roungster his whole world col-
apses around him when he
learns that he has cancer. "We
want to create a very special
institute where parents and
siblings, as well as the patient,
can relate to the illness and
can be given psychological sup-
port where there will be group
treatments for adolescents, in-
cluding self-support groups,
group hypnosis, and group
treatment with peers; where
there is psychological in-
tervention in the social sup-
port system, as for example, in
relations with school friends
and teachers," she said.
The new Adolescent Cancer
Center is the brain child of Dr.
Larry and Anna Gould, of
Camp Sunshine fame.
"Larry and Anna Gould are
members of Temple Beth El.
They have revolutionized the
lives of children in many parts
of the world who are suffering
from cancer, by providing
them with holiday facilities in
Maine. Now they have realized
the importance of a special
Adolescent Cancer Center at
Hadassah for the comprehen-
sive medical and psychological
care of adolescent cancer pa-
tients and their families, as a
forerunner to establishing
centers all over Israel. We
wholeheartedly support their
endeavors and know that suffi-
cient funds will be forthcoming
to establish the Center and
maintain it," said Rabbi
The visitors met Michael, a
beautiful young 17-year-old
Israel sabra girl cured of
cancer in Hadassah, who was
one of the 18 Israeli children
who attended Camp Sunshine
last year. "I want to thank all
of you for your kindness and
support," she said.
Mr. Zev Olshtain, Deputy
Director-General of Ad-
ministration of the Hadassah
Medical Organization, describ-
ed Hadassah's ultra modren,
sophisticated facilities and
modalities of diagnosis, treat-
ment and research that make
the Medical Center the equal
of the finest centers in the
U.S. and Europe.
FAU Eminent Professor To Present
Two Free Public Lectures
Stanford M. Lyman, PhD,
professor of social science at
Florida Atlantic University,
will present two public lec-
tures at the University during
the 1987-88 academic year.
The Stanford M. Lyman Lec-
ture Series, to be sponsored by
the FAU Foundation, will be
open to members of the com-
munity at no charge. A recep-
tion will be held after each
"Literature as History and
Social Science: Reconsidera-
tion of 'Gone with the Wind'
and 'Clotel'" is Dr. Lyman's
first lecture to be presented on
Wednesday, Sept. 9, at 2 p.m.,
in the FAU Center Gold Coast
Professor Lyman will ap-
praise critically the major
themes of these two master
works of American historical
literature. According to Dr.
Lyman, the literature of the
Old South has had a significant
impact on the social sciences.
Stanford M. Lyman, PhD
In his lecture on Wednesday
Feb. 3 to take place also at 2
p.m. in the University Center
Gold Coast Room, Dr.
Lyman's topic will be "Black
Self-Esteem and the Supreme
Court: A Reconsideration of
the 13th and 14th Amend-
ments 1865-1987."
Friday, August 14, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 3
At the Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical
Center in Jerusalem, Rabbi Merle Singer,
Rabbi of Temple Beth El, of Boca Raton meets
with the Hadassah staff who will head the uni-
que new Adolescent Cancer Center to be
established in the Oncology Department of the
Hadassah University Hospital, with the sup-
port of Dr. Larry and Anna Gould and other
members of the Temple Beth El congregation
in Boca Raton. In the picture, left to right:
Rabbi Merle Singer, Rabbi of Temple Beth El,
of Boca Raton; Dr. Nili Ramu, head of the new
Adolescent Cancer Center in Hadassah; Dr.
Leah Baidar, chief psychologist in the new
Center; and Michael, a 17-year-old sabra
cured in Hadassah, who attended Dr. and
Mrs. Gould's Camp Sunshine, which provides
holiday facilities for children from around the
world in Maine.
At the Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical
Center in Jerusalem, Rabbi Merle Singer,
Rabbi of Temple Beth El, of Boca Raton, leads
his congregants in their interest to support a
unique new Adolescent Cancer Center to be
established in the Oncology Department of the
Hadassah University Hospital urith the sup-
port of Dr. Larry and Anna Gould and other
members of the Temple Beth El congregation.
In the picture are officers of Temple Beth El
who led the 80-strong delegation to Hadassah
(left to right): Alan Weiner, Vice President of
Community Relations; Rabbi Merle Singer,
Rabbi of Temple Beth El, of Boca Raton;
Stephen Moss, V'ice-President of Membership;
and Byron Turnoff, Trustee.
'Create Land From Sand'

DO YOU HAVE a share in the redemption of
HAVE YOU MADE your contribution to the
Enclosed is my gift of: $___________
Apt. No.
All contributions to JNF are tax deductible.
420 Lincoln Road Suite 353 Miami Beach, Florida 33139 Phone: 538-6464

Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, August 14, 1987
Iran-Contra Hearings
Reveal Nature of Americans
The Iran-Contra hearings are ended. The
legacy to the nation is revealing far more of
the American people themselves than of the
principal actors in the hearings. The
American people have demonstrated that
they are incapable of understanding or else
that they do not care about the deception,
the shredding of evidence and the arrogance
of those who have violated the most fun-
damental principles and institutions upon
which this nation stands.
On the contrary, far from expecting
even demanding a sense of contrition in
those who have committed the violations,
the American people would have them
rewarded as heroes.
Nor is the Congress, that body which con-
stituted itself as a committee empowered by
American process to investigate such
outrageous behavior, sufficiently free from
the ignorance, the illiteracy, the lack of
education and the failure of commitment to
moral principle in the American people to
have stood forthrightly and in unison to
declare its revulsion for the incompetence of
President Reagan and the frank dissembling
and confessed lying of the principal actors in
the hearings.
Quite the contrary. To the likes of Lt. Col.
Oliver North and Admiral John Poindexter,
the Congress bowed, scraped and fawned
upon them especially North's "bravery"
and "integrity" at the same time that it
presumed to chasten them. The Congress
kept on eye on the public's favor rather than
teaching it the immense proportions of the
tragedy that the Iran-Contra affair has
brought to us all.
A Tragic Disarray
America's ranks are in tragic disarray to-
day. Of the President's incompetence his
utter failure to know what American
democracy is all about the Tower Com-
mission merely used a bureaucratic
euphemism when it declaimed upon Mr.
Reagan's "management style."
In faint and distant recall of a similarly-
constituted Congressional committee in the
Watergate affair, when members of both
parties methodically examined evidence and
in unity called the Nixon Administration
what it in fact was a traitorous aggragate
of men committed to short-circuit the
American democratic process the present
committee came off as a quarrelsome bunch
of hypocritical, barking advocates as
members of the committee sounded off in
debate with one another according to their
Democratic or Republican affiliations.
Attack on Metzenbaum
No wonder then that most Americans,
with little or no knowledge of what even an
average high school student knew about
civics, say, 30 years ago, came to see Con-
gress as the heavy, President Reagan as a
victim of partisanship, and Col. North as a
It is only in such an atmosphere of crude
ignorance and frank American illiteracy that
the Washington Post last week could
disclose the spawning of yet another Senate
Republican campaign document that calls
Democratic Senator Howard Metzenbaum
of Ohio a "Communist sympathizer," a buzz-
word in the extreme rightwing for "Jew."
The document suggests ways to attack
Metzenbaum's record, character and
It describes his membership in "Com-
munist causes" and even says that the GOP
has evidence that his "Communist sym-
pathies have found their way onto the
Senate floor."
Object of the campaign document was to
play dirty tricks on Metzenbaum in prepara-
tion for next year's Senate elections in
which the Ohio legislator faces as opponents
either Cleveland's Mayor George Voinovich
or Ohio Rep. Bob McEwen.
A GOP Senate committe has identified
Donald Walter Jr. as author of the document
for which former research director, Mark
Lied, did the "research."
Pity Our Constitution
What in the world has Watergate taught
the Republican Party which, twice since
1972, has confounded the nation with in-
credible presidential arrogance and ig-
norance for which there never has been a
statement from either leader of remorse, let
alone regret?
What in the world has the Iran-Contra af-
fair taught us when, only this week, Presi-
dent Reagan was quoted as believing that
the hearings show him conclusively that no
laws were broken?
And what in the world do the increasing
number of bumper stickers on Dade County
cars declaring "Ollie for President" tell us
about Americans on the cusp of celebrating
the 200th anniversay of the Constitution of
the United States? "
If America's leaders show themselves as
power-hungry, greedy and indifferent to our
freedoms, can the nation's people be far
Pity our democracy. Pity our Constitution.
60 Rep. 's Sign Letter
Urge Japanese Invite to Israel
Sixty House members have
signed a letter to Nobuo Mat-
sunaga, the Japanese Am-
bassador to the United States,
urging that Jerusalem be in-
vited to send representatives
to a World Conference of
Historical Cities to be held in
Kyoto in November.
"Any conference on the im-
pact of the major cities of the
world on the history of
mankind would be noticeably
incomplete without a discus-
sion of the historical contribu-
tions of the city of Jerusalem,"
the Congressmen stressed in
the letter initiated by Reps.
Mel Levine and Robert Matsui
(both D., Calif.). "In this case,
such an omission is so blatant
and unjustified that it raises
concerns of political bias and
prejudice," the letter said.
Jerusalem was first raised
with Matsunaga in May by the
Anti-Defamation League of
B'nai B'rith. Abraham Fox-
man, at that time the ADL's
associate national director, in
a letter to the Ambassador,
noted that "not to have
Jerusalem, is, in our judge-
ment, unjustified and raises
questions as to whether there
is some political bias at work
This fear appears justified
from the reply Foxman, now
national director, received this
month from Koichi Haraguchi,
the Japanese Embassy's
counselor for public affairs.
Haraguchi said that Foxman s
letter was sent to the Ministry
of Foreign Affairs in Tokyo,
which then received from the
City of Kyoto several reasons
for not inviting Jerusalem, in-
cluding a decision that since
Jerusalem's status was the
"subject of political controver-
sies as reflected in the debate
at the United Nations," the
Israeli capital would not be in-
vited "irrespective of its long
history and tradition."
Enclosed with Haraguchi's
letter was a copy of the Dec.
15, 1980 UN General
Assembly resolution rejecting
the Knesset action annexing
all of Jerusalem and declaring
the city Israel's capital. Japan
voted for the resolution.
Foxman replied to the Am-
bassador last week that "Un-
fortunately, Jerusalem's exclu-
sion from the Kyoto con-
ference is not an isolated in-
stance of Japanese political
bias against Israel. Your
government's open support for
the Arab boycott, its refusal to
engage in scientific exchanges
and to promote cultural ties
with Israel have contributed to
the coolness that has
characterized the two coun-
tries' relations for more than a
echoed by Jess Hordes,
associate director of the
ADL's Washington office.
Hordes also noted that "No
Japanese official of ministerial
rank has ever visited Israel."
Haraguchi, who could not be
reached for comment Monday,
also stressed in his letter that
the City of Kyoto wanted "to
make it clear" that its decision
does not reflect any "racial or
religious bias."
of Soutk Countv
Editor and PubMarwr
AtvulMai Mractor. Kacl tnnr. PkMr W-IMl
SUBSCWPTKJH RATES Local A,.. Annual Vaar Minimum $7).
Encuthw Editor
Friday, August 14,1987
Volume 9
19 AB 5747
Number 20

Fridaj^ugusU4^J987/The Jewish Floridian of SouthCounty __fage_5 _
Ovation Comes, Too Late, for Germany's Willy Brandt
Hannovenche AUgemeine
The tributes paid to Willy
Brandt, the standing ovation
after his final speech as SPD
leader and the emotion shown
by delegates at a special party
conference were as genuine as
their sober relief that he has at
last stepped down.
He led the Social Democrats
for nearly 25 years, through
crests and troughs. More than
any other postwar Social
Democrat he stood for the
SPD's history, spirit and soul.
But towards the end he pro-
vided little leadership. He
presided and vacillated. It was
time to go.
HE IS the last of the four
leading Social Democrats who
gave the oldest political party
in Germany a new look after
the Second World War.
Frit* Erler, the most
brilliant of the four intellec-
tually, had his promising
career nipped in the bud when
he died early in 1967.
Helmut Schmidt, the
soundest statesman among
them, alienated himself from
the party and was undeserved-
ly ousted as Chancellor despite
his merits.
Herbert Wehner, the most
impassioned, was tired and
weary well before he finally
retired. When the SPD was
forced to return to the Opposi-
tion benches in Bonn in Oc-
tober, 1982, he withdrew, an
embittered figure, to his holi-
day home on the Swedish
island of Oland.
triumphant survivor and
Senator Robert Dole
Dal) Photo
Betrayed Brandt, the emigre, risked his
life to work undercover against the Nazis.
wearer of August Bebel's
pocket watch, failed to see that
it was time for him to go and
finally came an unexpected
cropper in connection with a
weird staff appointment.
The end of Willy Brandt's
crisis-laden career was in
character with his political life.
Not for him mere death like
Bebel, the founder of the party
over a century ago, like Kurt
Schumacher, who refounded it
after the war, or like Erich
Ollenhauer, who died in office
as SPD leader.
Brandt himself decided to
call it a day. Self-willed as he
has always been, he stayed
true to himself: neither a
lifelong party official nor a
paragon of loyalty and
WILLY, as people near and
far call him in first name
fashion, has chosen to end his
career on a human note: as a
man who is far from infallible,
a lover of life, easily hurt,
given to thinking in terms of
contradictions and to acting in
terms of alternatives, frank
in his own way and flexible
even in his mid-70s.
He joined the SPD at 16, on-
ly to switch soon afterward to
a leftwing splinter group, the
Socialist Workers Party
(SAP), which he felt came
closer to his ideals.
If in doubt, keep left may not
be a fitting motto for
everything he has done in life,
but it is certainly appropriate
to many chapters in the life
story of an emotional, commit-
ted socialist.
When he left Germany in
1933 as a wanted man
wanted by the Nazis surely
it was not he who had l>etrayed
Germany but Germany that
had betrayed him.
WAS HE, as an emigre, a
coward? In 1933 Brandt the
emigre risked his life to work
undercover in Berlin for a bet-
ter Germany.
Yet the ill-wishers who cast
aspersions on him in the 1960s
when he stood for Chancellor
have still not ceased to brand
him a coward for having left
Nazi Germany.
A sense of insult and bouts
of resignation may not befit
such a high-calibre political
career, but they are typical of
Willy Brandt. "
When he failed in his second
attempt to lead the SPD to vic-
tory in the 1965 general elec-
tion he inwardly abandoned
His friends, and in those
days they included Herbert
Wehner, almost had to carry
him bodily, a mentally and
emotionally weary Willy
Brandt, into office as Foreign
Minister in Chancellor Kies-
inger's Grand Coalition
BUT HE regained interest,
pleasure and strength, and in
1969, with the backing of
Continued on Page &
Bipartisan Move
To Gose Down PLO Offices Under Anti-Terrorism Act
Senator Rudy Boschwitz
Legislation intended to close
down the offices of the
Palestine Liberation Organiza-
tion in the United States has
been introduced by a bipar-
tisan group of senators led by
Bob Dole (R., Kans.), Charles
Grassley (R., Iowa), Rudy
Boschwitz (R., Minn.), Frank
Lautenberg (D., N.J.) and
Howard Metzenbaum (D.,
S. 1203 is entitled "The
Anti-Terrorism Act of 1987"
and currently has 32 co-
sponsors. A parallel bill has
been introduced by Rep. Jack
Kemp (R., N.Y.) in the House,
and has 45-co-sponsors at
SEN. DOLE explained that
the purpose of the legislation is
"to strengthen the defenses of
this country against the real,
physical threat that the PLO
represents." In its section on
findings and determinations,
the bill notes that Middle East
terrorism constituted 60 per-
cent of world terrorism in 1985
and then documents specific
instances of PLO terrorism, as
well as general statements
showing the organizations'
commitment to armed
Critics of the bill, such as the
Washington Office of the
Dr. Gruen is director of the
Israel and Middle East Affairs
International Relations
Department of the American
Jewish Committee.
American Civil Liberties
Union, the Washington Post
and the New York Times,
regard the proposed legisla-
tion as an unwarranted infr-
ingement of free speech. Mor-
ton Halperin, ACLU's
Washington director, termed
it "clearly a violation of the
rights of free speech and
association to bar American
citizens from acting as agents
seeking to advance the
political ideology of any
organization, even if that
organization is based abroad."
Secretary of State George
Shultz is quoted, in a May 26,
1987 editorial in the
Washington Post, as saying
that the PLO Washington of-
fice is duly registered under
the Foreign Agents Registra-
tion Act and that "so long as
that office regularly files
reports with the Department
of Justice on its activities as an
agent of a foreign organiza-
tion, complies with all other
relevant U.S. laws and is staff-
ed by Americans or legal resi-
dent aliens, it is entitled to
operate under the protection
provided by the First Amend-
ment of the Constitution."
Secretary Shultz's statement,
we have received indications
from Washington that the
Reagan Administration is ac-
tively considering taking ad-
ministrative action to close
down the Washington Infor-
mation Office of the PLO. The
matter is currently being
studied by staff in the At-
torney General's office and the
Continued on Page 7
'It's a portrait of my mother waiting for my
phone call."

. ,

Page 6 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, August 14, 1987
U.S. Jews Hope Identity
Issue To Be Set Aside
group of high-level North
American Jewish leaders is en-
couraged that the religiously
divisive issue of defining
Jewish identity can be remov-
ed from Israel's political agen-
da. United Jewish Appeal
(UJA) national chairman Mar-
tin Stein said last Thursday
(July 29).
Stein had just returned to
the U.S. from a trip to Israel
with fellow Jewish leaders, in-
cluding Council of Jewish
Federations President
Shoshana Cardin, and top
decision-makers of the United
Israel Appeal in the U.S. and
They discussed with Israeli
leaders and at a large press
conference their concern that
passage of an impending
Knesset bill could severely
strain Jewish unity.
THE BILL would have
given Israel's rabbinic courts
sole authoity to validate con-
versions, marriages and
divorces performed abroad. A
similar bill was defeated two
weeks ago. The latest bill was
at the last moment last
Wednesday not introduced by
the ultra-Orthodox Shas
Reflecting prevailing
political wisdom, Stein said he
didri't think time permitted
another attempt at the vote
before the current Knesset
session ends next week.
Shas leader Yitzhak Peretz
canceled a meeting with the
leaders, Stein said. However,
he said he and his colleagues
told leaders of both major par-
ties, including Premier Yit-
zhak Shamir and Foreign
Minister Shimon Peres, that
the Jewish identity issue must
not be decided in a political
"Shamir indicated to us that
he has set up a committee to
look into this, that he personal-
ly would like to see it resolved
in a different arena, and that
he would welcome any help we
could do to change it from
political to otherwise," Stein
HE NOTED that the prickly
but infrequent question of
whether non-Orthodox con-
verts to Judaism could receive
immediate Israeli citizenship
as .lews under the Law of
K.turn used to be addressed
quietly and case-by-case by
former Interior Minister Yosef
With the small number of
people directly affected by this
issue, why, then, all the fuss?
"We're not making it an
issue," Stein said. "The issue
is made because of what it
doesn't say. When you tell me
that my rabbi is not a rabbi (by
not accepting that rabbi's con-
versions, for instance) then
you indicate to me that my
shul is not a legitimate facility.
I perceive myself as not a full-
class Jew any more. The issue
is the five million people that it
affects indirectly." He was
referring to non-Orthodox
North American Jewry.
The message got through to
Israeli leadership, the IMA
chairman indicate!.
"The general feeling was
that this is an issue that
relates tO the whole Jewish
nmunitv. particularly
America that they unders-
tand after our visit that it is a
most significant issue, that
they're willing to work with us
to remove it from the agenda,"
he said.
STEIN ADDED that he ap-
preciated Shamir's suggestion
that the North American
Jewish leaders bring together
Labor and Likud leaders to
agree that Jewish identity will
no longer be used as a political
football to keep government
coalitions together or to
threaten to rupture them. He
didn't elaborate.
"We had very positive pro-
ductive meetings, learned
more about how the political
process works, and were en-
couraged to be continually in-
volved by everybody we work
with," he said, to get the issue
off the political agenda.
Stein said he supported tak-
ing the issue to "an interna-
tional Beth Din (rabbinic
court), and let everybody get
together to decide if there
Egypt's Foreign Minister Esmat Abdel
Meguid (right) with Israel Foreign Minister
Shimon Peres at the Foreign Ministry in
Jerusalem last week (July 20) on the first day
have to be changes." that "maybe it's time I'm no
Noting that half of world
Jewry doesn't follow the letter
of Jewish law, he suggested
JTA/WZN News Photo
of Meguid's three-day visit to Israel. This is
the first visit to Israel by an Egyptian
minister in six years.
devise Jewish legal corn-
authority but there are plen- promises that "satisfy 85 per-
ty of able and smart people cent" of Jews.
who sitting down

Friday, August 14, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 7
Bipartisan Move
To Close Down PLO Offices in U.S.
Continued from Page 5
State Department.
The PLO office in New York,
which has the status of an
Observer Mission to the
United Nations, is more pro-
blematic. Although the UN
Legal Counsel noted, in Oc-
tober, 1982, that "there are no
specific provisions relating to
permanent observation mis-
sions in the Charter, the Head-
quarters Agreement or the
Convention on the Privileges
and Immunities of the United
Nations," the United States
Government feels bound by its
Headquarters Agreement with
the UN to permit members of
the PLO Observer Mission to
carry out their official UN-
related functions.
The United Nations Office of
Legal Affairs has ruled that
"Permanent Observer Mis-
sions are not entitled to
diplomatic privileges or im-
munities ... If they are not
listed in the United States
diplomatic list, whatever
facilities they may be given in
the United States are merely
gestures of courtesy by the
United States authorities."
TATIVES accredited to the
UN are already currently
restricted to a 25-mile
geographic radius from the
UN, as are representatives of
some Communist countries.
Mr. Shultz has acknowledged,
moreover, that "we retain the
right to deny entry to, or ex-
pel, any individual PLO
representative directly im-
plicated in terrorist acts."
Advocates of the new
legislation contend that it is a
logical extension of existing
American policy and legisla-
tion. It should be noted that on
September 11, 1978, Assistant
Secretary of State Douglas J.
Bennet, Jr. wrote to Re'p.
Stephen J. Solarz (D., N.Y.),
assuring him that PLO
members would not benefit
from the McGovern
The McGovern Amendment,
which was enacted to
demonstrate U.S. commitment
to the free travel provisions of
the Helsinki Final Act, provid-
ed that the Secretary of State
should recommend a waiver of
visa ineligibility for persons
who were ineligible solely on
grounds of their membership
in or affiliation with a
"proscribed" organization.
Mr. Bennet went on to declare:
an umbrella organization
which includes a number of
factions and individuals who
Frank R. Lautenberg
hold different views on ter-
rorism, the Department clear-
ly recognizes that significant
elements of the PLO do ad-
vocate, carry out or accept
responsibility for acts of ter-
rorism. As a matter of policy
we consider any official of the
PLO, and its designated or
self-proclaimed agents or
spokesmen, ineligible for
He added, however, that
"this ineligibility may be waiv-
ed under existing law ..." To
close this potential loophole,
Congressman Solarz introduc-
ed an amendment to the
McGovern language in the
State Department Authoriza-
tion Act of 1979 by inserting a
new subsection under Nonim-
migrant Visas Sec. 107 (2): "c"
This section does not apply
with respect to any alien who
is a member, officer, official,
representative, or spokesman
of the Palestine Liberation
On January 15, 1986, State
Department spokesman
Charles Redman reiterated
U.S. policy regarding visa
denial to terrorists.
"WITH THE narrow excep-
tion of those who espouse ter-
rorism, the United States does
not exclude aliens for purely
ideological reasons This
having been said, however,
overriding national security
concerns sometimes demand
that we exclude a particular
alien or class of aliens from the
United States For exam-
ple, it has been United States
policy, sanctioned by the Con-
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gress as recently as 1979. to
deny visas to members of the
PLO. Similarly, we will as a
matter of principle exclude in-
dividuals who personally ad-
vocate terrorism or who we
believe have participated in or
supported terrorist activities."
The current legislative effort
to close down the PLO offices,
its proponents point out,
would extend this established
U.S. policy to persons within
the United States who are in
the employ of the PLO.
Q. What of the charge that
this infringes first amend-
ment rights of free speech?
A. Proponents of the legisla-
tion stress that the proposed
law explicitly permits
Americans to continue "to
receive informational
material from the PLO."
Americans will also remain
free to espouse the views of
the PLO and even to con-
tribute to groups advocating
its positions. Indeed, there are
a considerable number of
American voluntary organiza-
tions, both Arab-American and
more generally constituted
groups, that openly advocate
Palestinian self-determination
and a role for the PLO in the
peace process."
IN FACT, James Zogby,
director of the Arab-American
Institute, has announced the
formation of the Commission
on American-Palestinian Rela-
tions. "If they close down the
PLO information offices," Mr.
Zogby told the Washington
Post on June 29, "we will open
one of our own."
The proposed law would not
restrict the activities of such
indigenous American pro-PLO
groups. What the law would do
is to bar the PLO, a foreign
organization which the United
States Government declared
to be engaged in terrorism,
from carrying on business as
usual in the United States.
The important political and
diplomatic message that would
be sent by closing down the
Washington Office would be to
indicate to Latin American
and other governments, who
may be considering the open-
ing or upgrading of PLO mis-
sions in their capitals, that this
is contrary to our clear policy
against terrorist
IN ADDITION to the Solar/
Amendment, the United
States Government has taken
other actions to hamper the
PLO. For example, the U.S.
has announced that it will not
pay for certain programs of in-
ternational organizations in
which the PLO participates (22
U.S.C. Paragraph 2227 and 22
U.S.C. Paragraph 287e), and
instructed U.S. represen-
tatives to oppose PLO
membership in the Interna-
tional Monetary Fund (22
U.S.C. Paragraphs 286e-l,
Moreover, Congress has en-
shrined in legislation the
essence of Secretary of State
Henry Kissinger's September
1, 1975 Memorandum of
Agreement with Israel by
making it the statutory policy
of the United States not to
negotiate with the PLO until it
recognizes Israel's right to ex-
ist, and accepts UN Security
Council Resolutions 242 and
338. (P.L. 99-83, Title XIII,
Paragraph 1303).
Q. Is this action arbitrary
and lacking in due process?
A. Before any sanctions are
applied the matter must be
brought for a hearing before a
U.S. Federal District Court.
Critics of the bill have express-
ed concern that it appears to
single out a specific organiza-
tion. Proponents of the legisla-
tion respond that while the
Palestine Liberation Organiza-
tion is specifically mentioned
in the law, the target of the
legislation is not the PLO as a
national, ethnic, religious, or
political ideology.
directed explicitly at the ter-
rorist activities of the PLO.
There is a clear remedy within
the law to enable the PLO by
its own action at any time to be
freed of the restrictions in the
law. Section 5. (b) stipulates:
"The provisions of this Act
shall cease to have effect if the
President certifies in writing
to the President pro tempore
of the Senate and the Speaker
of the House that the Palestine
Liberation Organization, its
agents, or constituent groups
thereof no longer practice or
support terrorist activities
anywhere in the world."
Thus the basic intent of the
legislators is not to deprive
supporters of the PLO from
expressing their opinions, but
to induce the PLO to renounce
the use of terrorism. By reaf-
firming United States abhor-
rence of terrorism, the sup-
porters of this legislation also
hope to encourage the
emergence of Palestinian
leaders who are dedicated to a
peaceful resolution of the
Arab-Israel conflict.
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Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, August 14, 1987
Tributes Paid to Willy Brandt
As He Bows Out of Politics
Continued from Page 5
Walter Scheel's Free
Democrats as coalition part-
ner, he finally, third time
lucky, became the Federal
Republic's first SPD
He was forced to resign in
1974. nominally on account of
an East Merlin spy on his staff
at the Chancellor's Office.
His fall seemed final, with no
comeback envisaged. Political-
ly, healthwise and in private
life he went through his worst
crisis ever.
GERMAN leaders who fail
to make the grade have always
been put out to graze, but
Brandt, different in this as in
other respects, demonstrated
the staying power of which
even the unstable can be
He recovered and went on to
carve out an amazing late
career. It lasted 13 years,
perhaps a little too long, but it
bore fruit.
Any balance sheet of Willy
Brandt's life's work is bound
to begin in Berlin, where he
was Mayor from 1957 to 1966.
Under Mayor Brandt the
divided city demonstrated
resolution when times were
hard (he was mayor in 1961
when the Berlin Wall was
built), a cosmopolitan outlook
toward the West, readiness to
talk with the East and interna-
tional popularity.
Berlin was the acid test and
school for thought of a man
who led the Federal Republic.
Peres To Meet
Israeli Foreign Minister
Shimon Peres is scheduled to
meet with Soviet Foreign
Minister Eduard Shevard-
nadze here at the end of
September, diplomatic sources
disclosed Monday.
The two officials will meet
while attending the UN
General Assembly which is to
open here Sept. 21. Peres is
scheduled to arrive in New
York on Sept. 28, after Rosh
DIPLOMATS pointed out
that Israeli Foreign Ministers
have met in previous years
with top Soviet officials while
attending the General
Assembly. Therefore, they
noted, the meeting between
Peres and Shevardnadze
should not be viewed as
something unusual or as a
breakthrough in the relations
between the two countries.
The Soviet Union severed its
diplomatic relations with
Israel during the 1967 Six-Day
War and has not restored
them since. According to the
sources, Peres and Shevard-
nadze will discuss Soviet-
Israeli relations; an interna-
tional conference on Mideast
peace; and the situation of
Soviet Jews.
While in New York, Peres
will also meet with dozens of
diplomats, including represen-
tatives of East European and
African countries who do not
have at present diplomatic ties
with Israel.
sion of reunification and com-
ing to terms with the East, set-
ting seal to reconciliation by
concluding treaties with the
East Bloc, he laid a further im-
portant German policy
This courageous tour de
force of humanitarian common
sense was the historic achieve-
ment of a statesman and Nobel
peace laureate on whom views
still differ.
OSTPOLITIK, as the disar-
mament talks have again
shown, is not yet over by any
means, and no matter what
some politicians may believe,
Westpolitik is no substitute for
Yet under Brandt's suc-
cessor as Chancellor. Helmut
Schmidt, imagination paled in
dealings with the communist
THAT BEING so. one of
Brandt's underrated
achievements is to have stalled
SPD criticism of Helmut
Schmidt as a Chancellor
primarily interested in
economic affairs and crisis
Many Social Democrats took
a dim view of the dismissive at-
titude of their level-headed
Chancellor toward Utopias.
There were rumblings behind
the scenes.
Brandt held the wings of the
party together with paternal
tolerance and cloudy com-
promise formulas for as long
as the Free Democrats were
prepared to go along with the
SPD in joint harness in Bonn.
THEN THE bubble of the
SPD as the party of govern-
ment burst. In its final years in
power in Bonn the party simp-
ly lacked the strength to lend
constructive support to un-
popular exigencies of
Many Germans have paid too
little heed to Brandt's
worldwide reputation as a
friend of the developing coun-
This is yet another instance
of the prophet counting for
more abroad than in his own
country, where his kneeling in
front of the Warsawghetto
memorial in 1972, an atone-
ment gesture of almost
religious dimensions, is still
viewed with mixed feelings.
Yet internationally this
gesture bust dams of mistrust
and credibly testified to the
Germans having turned their
back on Nazi crimes.
As honorary president of the
SPD, a post specially created
for him, he is now resplendent
on a pedestal from which, at
times, he has seemed to
preside in the past.
camouflage the pose of stoic
impassivity in the face of vir-
tually irreconcilable conflict
between reformers and con-
servatives in the SPD.
It would be characteristic of
Willy Brandt, now he no
longer needs to bear con-
siderations of office in mind, if
he were to descend from his
pedestal more often and to
speak his mind (or write it).
Pleasure at being able to do
both should soon outweigh the
pain of having been little short
of being voted out of office as
SPD leader.
A my Seligson, left, looks on as Adele Tauber
lights candles on a cake celebrating B'nai
B'rith Women's 90th birthday. Tauber is the
current president of BBW's first chapter, San
Francisco No. One, which grew from the
original group of 34 women who first met
together on August 18, 1897. Seligson is presi-
dent of BBW's Jewish Women's Network, the
newest chapter in San Francisco. Uniting
Jewish women to promote social advancement
through education, service and action, BBW
today has 120,000 members in 800 chapters
throughout the United States and Canada.
B'nai B'rith Women
Marks 90th Anniversary
B'nai B'rith Women,
celebrating its 90th Anniver-
sary this year, unites Jewish
women to promote social ad-
vancement through education,
service and action, conducts
programs and activities in the
U.S. and Israel addressing a
wide range of concerns. These
include the preservation of
Jewish life and values, ad-
vocacy for women, philan-
throphy and community
BBW's major contribution to
Israel for the past 36 years has
been its Children's Home and
Group House, residential
treatment centers for emo-
tionally disturbed boys. The
facilities have a worldwide
reputation for their unique
treatment program, which
substitutes human contact for
drugs and offers long-term
treatment of five years or
more. Recovery rate is 70 per-
cent and more than 1,000 of
the Home's graduates are now
productive members of Israeli
society as a result.
During BBW's 1987 Mission
to Israel last March, members
participated in the ground-
breaking for a new residential
cottage and expanded facilities
at the Children's Home.
BBW also sponsors the
Arab-Jewish project in Israel,
which is administered by the
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation
at Hebrew University. In
order to foster understanding
between Arabs and Jews, this
program brings together Arab
and Jewish students for
meetings, lectures and
outreach programs in Arab
Advocacy for and empower-
ment of women is the major
component of BBW's public af-
fairs agenda. BBW was the
first Jewish organization to
back the Equal Rights Amend-
ment, and has been a leader in
uniting Jewish women's
organizations on issues that af-
fect women at home and in the
workplace. Last fall, BBW
hosted a Women and Work
conference for the 12-member
Leadership Conference of Na-
tional Jewish Women's
Organizations, where
representatives of two million
members agreed to focus their
combined efforts on attaining
parental/family leave, pay
equity and pension reform
BBW produces and
distributes educational
materials for its members
about these and other issues,
and conducts a variety of pro-
grams centered on the needs
of Jewish women today.
Members also participate in
leadership training, develop-
ing skills they can use in their
personal and professional
lives. In many cities, BBW
provides networking oppor-
tunities for Jewish career
women often the only
Jewish contact they
Another constant on the
BBW agenda is community
service. Many chapters con-
duct programs in hospitals,
nursing homes, schools and
other facilities. In Taycoopera-
tion with the March of Dimes,
the organization's Operation
Stork program focuses on
preventing teenage pregnan-
cies and promoting prenatal
care, and Project Gene pro-
vides education on Tay-Sachs
and other genetic diseases.
Throughout its history,
B'nai B'rith Women has re-
mained firmly connected to its
Jewish roots. BBW supports
the B'nai B'rith Youth
Organization and Hillel, which
give high school and college
students the opportunity to ex-
plore their heritage and to
socialize with other Jewish
youth. BBW also supports and
works with the B'nai B'rith
Anti-Defamation League to
combat anti-Semitism.
A convenor of the Women's
Plea for Soviet Jewry for more
than a decade, B'nai B'rith
Women actively seeks freedom
for Soviet Jews, and recently
launched an "Honor a
Refusenik" program which
allows chapters and individual
members to purchase
honorary BBW memberships
for refusenik women.
The new "Creating Jewish
Memories" program further
demonstrates BBW's commit-
ment to the preservation of
Jewish life and values. The
20-minute slide show features
men and women who describe
their Jewish memories, at-
titudes and conflicts in an at-
tempt to determine what
shaped their identity as Jews.
The program is being utiliz-
ed by Jewish community
centers, synagogues and
schools as well as by BBW
members, to stimulate thought
and discussion about the com-
plex question of how to pass on
Jewish values to their children.
"As BBW continues to pur-
sue the rights of women and
undertake programs to
preserve Jewish values, it
gives its members the unique
opportunity to express the
dual dimensions of their identi-
ty as women and as Jews,"
said BBW President Irma
"Over the past 90 years, we
have continually met the
challenge of change, both in
the world around us and in the
needs of our members," she
added. "On this important
milestone for our organization,
we can look back with great
pride on what we have ac-
complished, and look forward
with confidence to what we
will achieve in our next 90

Friday, August 14, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 9
Arms Merchants
Favored by U.S. Judge's Decisions
ur Israeli arms merchants
arged here with conspiracy
sell U.S. weapons in Israeli
ockpiles to Iran without U.S.
overnment approval face
bstantially reduced penalties
ter a U.S. District judge here
rdered the dismissal of 46 of
he 50 counts of the indictment
ast Thursday (July 30).
The Israeli defendants, Guri
nd Israel Eisenberg, Gen.
Avraham Bar-Am and William
s'orthrop, who is a temporary
esident of Israel, are all in
srael awaiting their trial
Scheduled to begin here Oct.
19. Thirteen othe people or
companies are named in the in-
ictment including alleged
middleman, Samuel Evans,
he British attorney for Adnan
Chashoggi, whom the U.S.
government relied on in con-
ducting its own covert sales of
irms to Iran.
)istrict Judge Leonard Sand
ame only a day after Attorney
k>neral Edwin Meese testify-
ng on Capitol Hill in the
ran/Contra hearing was
tpecifically questioned by Sen.
Warren Rudman (R., N.H.)
bout his knowledge of this
rase. But the reasons for the
dismissal given had no connex-
ion to recent revelations
ibout the case by investigators
>r the press.
Instead, a Supreme Court
lecision last month on an in-
surance scheme in Kentucky
set a precedent which proved
iecisive in this case. The 46
counts which Sand dismissed
harged the defendants with
[using the United States
government or the U.S. mail
o defraud the U.S. govern-
ment. The 46 counts charged
specifically wire and mail
Vaud in attempts to deceiye
he United States Munitions
k-partment into approving
hi' resale of American
vcapons which had been
vnnsferred to Israel.
America sells weapons to
irael on condition that any
sale of the weapons be sub-
set to U.S. approval. The in-
ictment charges that the
efendants attempted to
nsrepresent the country to
rhich they wanted to resell
tie weapons in order to obtain
S. approval for the sales.
IN THE Kentucky case,
^KNally vs. State of Ken-
ucky, the Supreme Court rul-
that wire and mail fraud
harges are predicated on
epriving the government of
[noney and/or property and
lot of some "intangible" pro-
f>erty right such as the right to
The analogy in the arms case
that the property under
uestion in the wire and mail
raud counts is the right of the
Munitions Control office to ap-
>rove the resale of weapons.
iut the 46 counts do not
harge that the defendants
efrauded or conspired to
Uefraud the U.S. government
>ut of money and/or property.
The defense counsel for
f.vans, Paul Grand and
^awrence Bader, filed the mo-
ion to dismiss the 46 counts
>n the grounds that no money
property was at stake in the
raud charges. Sand agreed
with the argument in his ruling
to grant the motion. "The
issue presented is a close and
novel one," Sand said.
granted the motion to dismiss
on the basis of the McNally
case, a good deal of compelling
evidence has been presented
during past months to support
the main defense theory put
forth by the defendants and
their attorneys that the U.S.
government knew of and ap-
proved the arms deals in ques-
tion in the indictment.
Thursday, Evans' attorney
Bader presented a declassified
government document to the
court which supported the
defense's theory. The docu-
ment written by the late
CIA director William Casey to
former National Security Ad-
visor to President Reagan
Adm. John Poindexter
discussed a meeting between
Casey and his close friend Roy
Furmark. Furmark has emerg-
ed as one of a group of Cana-
dian financiers of the early
shipments of American-made
weapons in Israeli stockpiles
to Iran.
"The only doubtful answer
he gave was in reply to a ques-
tion as to whether some of the
principals were involved in the
sting operation," Casey wrote
to Poindexter.
"PRINCIPALS" referred
to the principal actors in the
U.S. approved arms sales
under scrutiny by the Congres-
sional committee and the in-
dependent counsel currently.
The "sting operation" refer-
red to the case in New York
which was developed with the
help of Iranian-arms
informant Cyrus Hashemi
who worked for the U.S
Customs Office posing as an
Iranian arms dealer to "sting'
the defendants.
"Roy (Furmark) said that
none of the principals were in-
volved, however one of the
players, lawyer Samuel Evans,
was the major indictee and is
free on $4.5 million bond. Roy
claims that Evans owes him
$200,000," Casey wrote.
The Justice Department has
denied any connection bet-
ween the New York case and
the officially sanctioned arms
sales to Iran on Wednesday
(July 29), Rudman asked
Meese testifying under oath if
the Justice Department had
misrepresented the facts to
the U.S. District Attorney's
office in Manhattan. Meese
said he only had a general
knowledge of the case,
although defense attorneys
were led to believe Meese con-
ducted the inquiry into
whether the deals detailed in
the indictment had received
Administration approval.
Swiss Up
Their Security
Swiss government is increas-
ing its security at installations
and for its nationals abroad
after receiving a warning from
an extremist terrorist group
based in Lebanon that it would
seek retaliation for the arrest
and pending trial of a Shiite hi-
jacker who killed a passenger
on an Air Afrique jet July 23 at
the Geneva airport.
Successful retirees make
The Court part of
their portfolio...
t The Court at Pahn-Aire,
we understand how hard
you have worked to achieve
your financial success. And
now that you have retired, pa-serving
your hard-earned assets for the future is a
priority, be it for yourself or your heirs. At
this time, the Court offers a simple rental
plan, which allows you to keep your
assets in tact, without the need for a large-
endowment fee. Unlike many residential
retirement communities, no large cash
investment is necessary.
The Court is a special resort-like adult
community, part of the World of Palm
Aire in lompano Beach, Florida. Here,
residents maintain busy, resourceful
lifestyles, free of the worries of home-
upkeep The Court takes care of all house-
keeping and linen services We also pro-
vide up to three meals everyday in our
elegant dining room. And. most impor-
tantly, the comfort and assurance of
11 hour emergency nursing services is
provided for residents should the need
ever arise All this, plus 'round the clock
security to protect you and your belong-
ings. The Court offers what ordinary
retirement communities cannot peace
of mind.
You'll have your choice of elegant apart-
ment homes, each offering complete
kitchen, screened porch or balcony,
safety-oriented bath, and a total package
of luxury amenities.
An activity-filled lifestyle is available
to you at our own on-site facilities and
around the Pompano Beach area, via our
regularly scheduled transportatkm.
The Court is managed by Palm Court
Management, Inc., an affiliate of the
Kaplan Organization, developers of qual-
ity communities for over 35 years.
Call or write today to find out how to
add The Court, to your portfolio.
MAIL 70:
2701 N. Course Drive
Pompano Beach. Ft. 33069
(305) 975-8900
at 'Hum-Aux^
31 would like to learn more about The Court at Palm-Aire. pleose provide more information
Dept. JF 814
Tha Court at Pakn-Aka, 2701 N. Coursa Oria, Pompano Baach. FL 330M (305)975-8900

Page 10 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, August 14, 1987
Fall Semester Courses At FAU
Cover A Wide Spectrum of Topics
The fall semester at Florida
Atlantic University offers the
opportunity for exposure to a
wide spectrum of classes that
are open to degree-seeking
students or those enrolling for
enrichment only.
"Introduction to Women's
Studies" (WST 3010), schedul-
ed for Tuesday and Thursday
from 11:30 a.m.-12:50 p.m.,
explores the heritage of
women and gender-related
problems in contemporary
Dr. Santo J. Tarantino
teaches "Social Psychology of
Health and Illness" (Sya 4930),
which studies the social
aspects of the development
and treatment of disease, as
well as the processes that con-
tribute to health. Class meets
Monday and Wednesday from
8:30-9:30 a.m.
The complex relationships
between wine and Western
culture will be examined in
"World of Wines" (GEO
3314), which will be held
Wednesday from 6:30-9:20
The one-week course "Emo-
tional Consequencess of
Divorce" (SYA 4930) deals
with the feelings one ex-
periences as a result oi a
marital break-up. Taught by
Prof. John Touhey, class
meets Monday-Friday, Aug.
31-Dept. 4, only, form
6:30-9:20 p.m.
Non-degree seeking
students may register on a
space-available basis on Fri-
day, Aug. 24-28, without a
late-fee penalty. A special,
short registration form can be
obtained from the Registrar's
office. Prior approval of the
academic department ottering
the course is necessary before
registration can be completed.
Named to Council
Joachim Schneeweiss, former
president of the Executive
Council of Australian Jewry,
has been appointed to the
Prime Minister's newly-
established 22-person Ad-
visory Council on Multicultural
Pearl Appointed
Marc Pearl, the Washington
representative of the
American Jewish Congress
since 1980, has been appointed
national director of Americans
for Democratic Action. He will
assume office Aug. 24.
Brazil Protests Iran Distribution of 'Protocols'
Brazil has protested to Iran
for publishing and distributing
a Portuguese translation of
the "Protocols of the Elders of
Zion." The Iranian charge
d'affaires in Brasilia,
Mouhmud Entiaz, was called
to the Brazilian Foreign
Ministry, where he was har-
shly admonished. He was told
that the "Protocols" are a
racist and anti-Semitic
falsification forbidden by law
in Brazil and that distribution
of the book must be stopped.
The Iranian diplomat said
that the "Protocols" were ge-
nuine because they were
"adopted by the First Zionist
Congress in Basel" but pro-
mised, however, to stop their
distribution. The "Protocols"
UN Files
Go to Israel
(JTA) Israel received last
Thursday (July 23) from the
UN archive on Nazi war
criminals copies of 1,500 files.
This would bring the total
number of files obtained by the
Israeli government from the
UN archive to 2,347.
The archive, which has about
40,000 files, was established
by the former members of the
United Nations War Crimes
Commission after World War
II. The archive is located in
Manhattan. At present, only
government members of the
UN are allowed to inspect the
A spokesman for the Israel
UN Mission told the Jewish
Telegraphic Agency that three
files among those given to
Israel are those of Dr. Ludwig
Fischer, the governor of War-
saw during the war, who
deported tens of thousands of
Jews to concentration death
camps. He was sentenced to
death by a Polish court and ex-
ecuted in 1947;
Dr. Erich Gruen, who con-
ducted medical experiments on
Jewish prisoners in the
Maidanek concentration camp
and murdered Jewish and non-
Jewish inmates, his
whereabouts are not known.
have been on sale in Brazil
since February of this year
after several years' absence in
the country. Several publica-
tions in Sao Paulo asked in-
terested persons to send 94
Cruzados (about $2) per copy
to the unidentified P.O. Box
3331 in Sao Paulo.
In 1984, the Iranian Em-
bassy in London marked the
tit'th anniversary of the over-
throw of the Shah by printing
a summary of the "Protocols"
in an English magazine, Im-
am, in which the Iranians
described Zionism as "an
enemy of humanity" and said
that the "Protocols" were "be-
ing adhered to word by word
the Jewish-influenced Western
Voyager co-pilots Dick
Rutan and Jeana Yeager,
whose non-stop flight around
the world made history, will
tell their story on Sunday, Jan
10, at 8 p.m., in the Florida
Atlantic University Center
Auditorium, presented by the
Volunteer League of the FAU
The two aviation heroes will
relive their record-setting
flight in the third annual
Distinguished American Lec-
ture Series sponsored as a
community service with pro-
ceeds to benefit the
The pilots will describe their
nine-day, 26,000-mile globe-
circling flight, completed
without landing or refueling,
in a talk illustrated by film and
slides. The trailblazing flight
by Rutan and Yeager in an
untested aircraft designed by
his brother, Burt, had never
before been attempted.
Looking over a sampling of the dozen Torah Journals published
regularly by Yeshiva University's affiliated Rabbi Isaac
Elchanan Theological Seminary are Rabbi Avraham Bachrach
and Harold Summer. Torah scholarship at RIETS ranges from
articles written by many of today's most distinguished thinkers
to pieces produced by students at the Marsha Stern Talmudical
Academy Yeshiva University High School for Boys.
Cantor Demonstrates Jewish Music
In Weekly Radio Program
Jewish music is described
and demonstrated in a series
of programs heard over Radio
Station WDBF, Delray Beach,
1420 on the AM dial Sundays
in the month of August at
10:06 a.m.
Cantor Hyman Lifshin, now
a resident of Delray Beach, is
providing listeners with a
"taste of liturgical melodies"
on the programs, which are
moderated by Rabbi Samuel
Silver of Temple Sinai, Delray
In one program Cantor Lif-
shin, who has served con-
gregations in Miami, Long
Island, Pennsylvania and
Rhode Island, provides ex-
amples of the music of the
Chasidim. In another session
the cantor sings passages from
the High Holyday music, in-
cluding the famous Kol Nidre
("All Vows").
The program is called
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appear at Florida Atlantic University Jan. 10, 1988 for the
Volunteer League's Distinguished American Lecture Series.
Voyager Co-Pilots To Speak
At FAU January 10
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Synagogue <_AJews
Friday, August 14, 1987/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 11
'Shoftim The Weekly
Torah Portion'
Rabbi Dr. Louis L. Sacks will
preach a sermon on the theme
"Shoftim The Weekly Torah
Biblical Portion" at the Sab-
bath Morning Service on
Saturday Aug. 29, commenc-
ing at 8:30 a.m.
Kiddush will follow services.
The Sisterhood of the Con-
gregation Anshei Emuna will
hold a regular meeting on
Tuesday, Sept. 1 at the
synagogue, 16189 Carter
Road, Delray Beach. The guest
speaker will be Edward
Bobick, attorney, who will
speak on "Comparison of
Various Foreign Laws; namely
Israel, Mexico, Great Britain,
and France."
Collation is at noon.
Anshei Emuna Sisterhood is
having a theater party with
the show "Seesaw" at the
Ruth Foreman Theater on
Wednesday, Sept. 30 at 10:30
a.m. The group will gather at
the shul at 16189 Carter Road,
Delray Beach for a bus and
then stop at the East Side Deli
for lunch before going to the
theater. The price, all-inclusive
with gratuities is $25. Call
Harriet Herskowitz to reserve
tickets at 498-7561.
The first meeting of the
season of the Temple Emeth
Singles will take place on Mon-
day, Sept. 14 at noon at Tem-
ple Emeth. Program: Ms.
Beverly will speak on
"Citizens Against Crime."
Ann Browning, Program
Forthcoming trips include
the following:
Sunday, Sept. 20 Elliot
Museum and Refuge Farm
with dinner at Frances
Langford. $29 includes bus.
Oct. 30, 31 and Nov. 1 -
Newport weekend $109 in-
cludes Hotel, 2 dinners, 2
lircakfasts, shows, bus. Reser-
vations Chairman is Shirley
Ettinger, 499-9235.
Temple Emeth, Delray
Beach. Rabbi Elliot J.
Winograd has just returned
from his vacation. The subjects
of his sermons for the Sabbath
weekend of August 1 and 8 are
as follows:
Friday evening, "A Vacation
in Israel" and Saturday morn-
ing "Moses and Judaic
Shabbat services will be held
at Temple Sinai, Delray Beach
at 8:15 p.m. Friday, Aug. 21.
Rabbi Samuel Silver's sermon
will be "Options." Cantor
Elaine Shapiro will be in
Saturday morning services
at Temple Sinai of Delray
Beach, will take place at 10
Shabbat service will take
place at Temple Sinai, Delray
Beach at 8:15 p.m. on Friday,
Aug. 14. Rabbi Samuel Silver's
sermon will be "Because."
Saturday morning services,
Aug. 15 will begin at 10 a.m.
If you are not affiliated with
any Temple, consider joining
Temple Sinai of Delray Beach.
For information call Helyn
Berger, membership chairman
at 276-6161.
Temple Sinai will be selling
High Holy Day tickets. For in-
formation call the Temple of-
fice, 276-6161.
For the hard of hearing,
Temple Sinai of Delray Beach,
has available for services
"Pockettalker." Request this
of the ushers when you attend
Sisterhood of Temple Sinai,
Delray Beach invites you to
join them on a trip to the Lan-
nan .Museum and lunch at
L'Anjou to follow on Aug. 20.
Cost is $10.50 p/p. For reser-
vations and information call
Elaine Breslof, 278-8861 or
Rose Jackler, 272-7763.
Duplicate Bridge at Temple
Sinai, Delray Beach, Thursday
evenings at 7:30 p.m. These
games are sanctioned by
ACBL and master points are
awarded. Fee is $2 p/p,
refreshments are served and is
open to the public. For infor-
mation call Jack Alter,
4 9 6-0946.?EPb
Sisterhood of Temple Sinai,
Delray Beach, will celebrate
"Grandparents Day" Sept. 13
with a hot buffet dinner and
dancing. Tickets are $11.50
p/p. All welcome, contact Rose
Jackler, 272-7763 for
Kulanu of Temple Sinai will
be hosting a Jewish Film series
starting Sept. 12 with Israeli
singing sensation Yehoram
Gaon in "Kazablan." On Oct.
24, "Lies My Father Told Me"
and on Dec. 12 "Symphony for
Six Million" (this is NOT about
the Holocaust). Tickets are $4
p/p which includes
refreshments, time is 7:30
p.m. Tickets are now available,
call Temple office 276-6161.
The Brotherhood of Temple
Sinai, of Delray Beach is again
presenting their Sunday night
musical revues. Starting Nov.
Tl "The Harriette Blake
Musial Revue," Jan. 24
"Outrageous," Feb. 21 "Razz-
Ma-Jazz" and on March 20
"Curtain Time." Tickets are
$25 for 4 shows. Show time is 8
p.m. All seats are reserved.
For reservations call Temple
office, 276-6161.
Rabbi Dr. Louis L. Sacks
will preach a sermon on the
theme "Re'e The Weelkly
Torah Biblical Portion" at the
Shabbat morning service on
Saturday, Aug. 22 commenc-
ing at 8:30 a.m.
Kiddush will follow service.
The Rabbi's course in the
Talmudic Tractate "Ethics of
our Fathers" will be pursued
in conjunction with Sabbath
Twilight Minyon services.
Daily classes in the "Judaic
code of Religious Lwa"
(Shulchan Oruch) led by Rabbi
Sacks begin at 7:30 a.m.
preceeding the daily Morning
Minyon services, and at 6:30
p.m. in conjunction with the
daily Twilight Minyon
Mr. Harry Cope, Mrs.
Lucille Cohen, Dr.Nathan
Jacobs, and Mrs. Nora Kalish
are the chairpersons of the
membership committee.
For further information all
Sisterhood of Temple Beth
Shalom of Century Village
West will have their next
meeting on Monday, Sept. 28
at 10 a.m. Special boutique
reductions. Refreshments
served. The monthly card/lun-
cheons will continue. Next one
Sept. 7 at noon. Contact Sonie
at 482-6444 or Ray at 487-1791
for tickets.
Nov. 22-26, Sunday through
Thursday a mini-week
Thanksgiving at the Crown
Hotel, Miami Beach. For fur-
ther information call Evelyn at
483-0770 or Flo at 482-1892.
ABC's Sam Donaldson
To Speak At FAU
ABC news correspondent
Sam Donaldson will speak at
Florida Atlantic University on
Tuesday, Jan. 26 at 8 p.m., in
the University Center
Auditorium. The event, a
presentation of the Berte and
Bernie Cohen Art and Lecture
Series, is the third in the series
underwritten by the Cohens to
benefit the FIU scholarship
fund. There will be a question-
and-answer session after the
Donor tickets at $50 per per-
son can be reserved now.
Donors tickets include a
cocktail buffet and reception
with Sam Donaldson im-
mediately following the lec-
ture. For information, or to
make reservations for donor
tickets, contact the FAU
Foundation, 393-3010.
General admission tikets for
reserved seats will be available
at $8 asnd $5 by Oct. 15 at the
University Center Ticket Of-
fice, 393-3758.
Arson Cases Examined
Cleveland Heights Assistant
Fire Chief Stanley Powaski
said it's not known if the two
fires that burned at the
Mayfield Jewish Center here
within 15 days were related to
each other or to arson.
"Any time there is more
than one fire at the same place
there is some reason for con-
cern, but at this time, we simp-
ly don't know," he said. He ad-
ded that a fire warden was
working with the JCC "to in-
vestigate it, and to determine
the extent of the damage."
The latest fire, on July 23,
was discovered at 12:30 p.m.
in an upstairs theater costume
storage room by a
maintenance staffer who
heard a smoke alarm. The
smoky, smoldering fire was
contained quickly, and about
100 older adults and children
were safely evacuated without
incident or panic.
FAU Registration
For Fall Semester
Registration at Florida
Atlantic University for fall
academic semester will take
place Wednesday, Thursday
and Friday August 19, 20 and
21. classes will begin on Mon-
day, August 24.
Degree-seeking students
may register by appointment
on August 19 and 20 when the
Registrar's office will remain
open from 8:30 a.m. to 6 p.m.
and August 2 from 8:30 a.m.
until 5 p.m.
students, those who wish to
take courses for enrichment
only, may register Friday,
Aug. 21, 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m.,
and during the first week
classes Aug. 24 through 28,
without a late penalty. Non-
degree students may register
on a space-available basis us-
ing a special registration form
available from the Registrar's
office. Prior approval from the
academic department offering
the course is needed before
registration can be accepted.
Students not enrolled in a
degree program may earn
academic credit which will ap-
pear on their FAU transcripts.
Up to 10 hours of this crdit
may be applied at a later time
to an FAU degree program.
Florida residents, age 60 or
over who wish to audit classes
on a no-fee, no-credit, space-
available basis, may register
during the first week of classes
starting Monday, August 24.
Religious Directory
Orthodox, Rabbi Dr. Louis L. Sacks, 16189 Carter Road, Delray
Beach, Florida 33446. Phone 499-9229. Daily Torah Seminars
preceding Services at 7:30 a.m. and 5 p.m. Sabbath Eve Services
at 5 p.m. Sabbath and Festival Services 8:30 a.m.
2134 N.W. 19th Way, Boca Raton, Florida 33431. Conservative.
Phone (305) 994-8693 or 276-8804. Rabbi Nathan Zelizer; Cantor
Mark Levi; President, Joseph Boumans. Services held at Mae
Volen Senior Center, 1515 Palmetto Park Road, Boca Raton. Fri-
day evening at 8:15 p.m., Saturday morning at 9:30 a.m.
1401 N.W. 4th Ave., Boca Raton, Florida 33432. Conservative.
Phone 392-8566, Rabbi Theodore Feldman, Hazzan Donald
Roberts. Sabbath Services: Friday at 8:15 p.m., Saturday at 9:30
a.m. Family Shabbat Service 2nd Friday of each month.
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 2262, Boca Raton, Fla. 33427-2262.
Phone: 392-5732. President: Steven D. Marcus. Services Fridays
evening five minutes before candlelighting. Shabbat morning 9
a.m. Sunday morning minyan at 8:30 a.m. Services will be held at
the new building 7900 Montoya Circle beginning in February. For
information regarding services call 483-5384 or 394-5071.
Services at Center for Group Counseling, 22445 Boca Rio Road,
Boca Raton, Florida 33433. Reform. Rabbi Richard Agler. Cantor
Norman Swerling. Sabbath Services Friday at 8 p.m., Saturday
at 10:15 a.m. Mailing address: 8177 W. Glades Road, Suite 214,
Boca Raton, FL 33434. Phone 483-9982. Baby sitting available
during services.
Located in Century Village of Boca Raton. Orthodox. Rabbi
David Weissenberg. Cantor Jacob Resnick. President Edward
Sharzer. For information on services and educational classes and
programs, call 482-0206 or 482-7156.
7099 West Atlantic Ave., Delray Beach, Florida 33446. Conser-
vative. Phone 495-1300. Rabbi Pincus Aloof. Cantor Louis Her-
shman. Sabbath Services: Friday at 8 p.m., Saturday at 8:30 a.m.
Daily services 8:30 a.m. and 5 p.m.
333 S.W. Fourth Avenue, Boca Raton, Florida 33432. Reform.
Phone: 391-8900. Rabbi Merle E. Singer, Assistant Rabbi
Gregory S. Marx, Cantor Martin Rosen. Shabbat Eve Services at
8 p.m. Family Shabbat Service at 8 p.m. 2nd Friday of each
month, Saturday morning services 10:30 a.m.
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 340015, Boca Raton, FL 33434. Con-
servative. Located in Century Village, Boca. Daily Services 8 a.m.
and 5 p.m. Saturday 8:45 a.m. and 5:15 p.m., Sunday 8:30 a.m.
and 5 p.m. Rabbi Donald David Crain. Phone: 483-5557. Joseph
M. Pollack, Cantor.
5780 West Atlantic Ave., Delray Beach, Florida 33445. Conser-
vative. Phone: 498-3536. Rabbi Elliot J. Winograd. Zvi Adler,
Cantor. Sabbath Services: Friday at 8 p.m., Saturday at 8:45 a.m.
Daily Minyans at 8:45 a.m. and 5 p.m.
2475 West Atlantic Ave. (Between Congress Ave. and Barwick
Road), Delray Beach, Florida 33445. Reform. Sabbath Eve. ser-
vices, Friday at 8:15 p.m. Sat., 10 a.m. Rabbi Samuel Silver,
phone 276-6161. Cantor Elaine Shapiro.

Pay 12 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, August 14, 1987
Israelis Bar Redefining of a Jew, Posing Threat to Rule by Shamir
Editor's Note: Rep row
The New York Hima; hy ThotlUU
I.. Friedman.
JERUSALEM Parliament
narrowly rejected three bills
recently that were aimed at
redefining the official Israeli posi-
tion on who is a Jew. The bills
would have effectively denied the
legitimacy of Reform and Conser-
vative Judaism.
Votes by five Arab members of
Parliament and one Druse were
critical in defeating, by B2 to 53.
the most important of the three
hills, which was an amendment to
the Law of Return.
That law currently provides
that any .lew in the world can
come to Israel and obtain im-
mediate citizenship. For the pur-
poses of that law, the Government
defines a Jew as anyone born of a
Jewish mother or converted to
Judaism. The defeated amend-
ments, which was introduced by
religious parties, would have add
ed the words converted to
Judaism "according to the
Halacha," or Jewish law.
A Blow to Shamir
Since Israel's state-appointed
Chief Rabbis, who come from the
Orthodox stream of Judaism, do
not recognize Reform and Conser-
vative rabbis as authentic agents
of Jewish law, anyone converted
by such rabbis would not have
been considered a Jew in Israel or
eligible for automatic citizenship
if the amendment had been
Hie fact that the three hills
were defeated by a combination of
Labor and small leftist and A rah
parties was viewed as a political
blow to Prime Minister Yitzhak
Shamir. Even though he carried
out his part of a bargain with the
religious parties, one of them.
most likely Shas. a rigidly Or
thodox one, may try to bring down
his Covernment in anger in com-
ing weeks.
Secular Parliament Criticized
'The critical role played by the
Arab members of Parliament in
defeating these bills just points up
how absurd it is that a secular
Parliament should be legislating
on who is a Jew," said Rabbi
Richard Hirsch, head of the inter-
national Reform movement, with
headquarters in Jerusalem.
"What it came down to was six
Arabs sitting in Jerusalem deter-
mining who is a Jew in New York,
Melbourne, London and
All three of the defeated bills
were inspired by Israel's small
religious parties and supported by
the Likud bloc, led by Mr. Shamir.
Likud's hacking was given in
return for the smaller parties'
support of Mr. Shamir against
Foreign Minister Shimon Peres.
the Labor Party leader, and his ef-
forts to bring down the Govern-
ment or to organize an interna-
tional peace conference on the
Middle East
The 120-seat Parliament also
defeated, by 69 votes to If), a bill
that would have pardoned all the
still imprisoned Jewish terrorists
who were involved in attacks on
Palestinians in the West Bank in
1985. Eight of the original 2H
Jewish terrorists are still in jail
three of them serving sentences
for murdering Arabs
Shamir Backs Pardon
In an unexpected move. Mr.
Shamir voted in favor of the
blanket pardon of the convicted
terrorists, while Mr. Peres and his
party voted with the majority
When the sponsor of the pardon
bill. Avraham Verdiger of the
Morasha Party, declared on the
floor of Parliament that his law
had a broad base of public sup-
port, a left-wing legislator, Yossi
Sarid, jumped up and shouted:
"Lie! Lie!"
I'p until the last votes were cast
on the three bills, it was not clear
what the outcome would be.
Lenders qfthtAiHorican Reform
idkI Conservative movements, as
well us the United Jewish Appeal,
which raises money in America
JOT Israel, hiul flooded Parliament
with phone calls and telegrams
urging members to reject the bills.
American Jews Are Voicing Their Disquiet
Editor's Note: Reprinted from
The New York Times, The Week in
TEL AVIV In the months
since the revelations about Israeli
espionage in Washington, Israel's
role in the Iran arms affair, and
numerous embarrassing squab-
bles in the Israeli Government, of-
ficials here have been closely
monitoring American opinion
polls to see if these episodes have
affected Israel's standing.
According to several American
polling experts now visiting
Israel, the findings have been
rather surprising: Israel's stan-
ding with the American public re-
mains high, largely untouched by
the recent scandals. But at the
same time, its standing with
American Jewish leaders has, to
some extent, been negatively
"What frightened American
Jews most about the Pollard affair
was what it said about Israel's
judgment," said Steven Spiegel of
the University of California at Los
Angeles, an expert on American
attitudes about the Middle East.
"It is not that American Jewish
leaders came away saying. 'By
golly, we should back away from
Israel.' They said, 'By golly, what
is wrong with the Israelis? They
have a scandal a week.' '
The conclusion of many
American Jewish leaders, Pro-
fessor Spiegel said, was that they
should become more actively in-
volved with Israeli policymaking
and speak out, critically when
necessary, on the assumption that
"Israel is too important to be left
to Israelis."
The mood was clearly echoed
during recent meetings of the
Jewish Agency Assembly, an um-
brella organization that links in-
ternational Jewish fund-raising
and immigration-promoting
groups with Israeli institutions.
Among the organizations is the
American United Jewish Appeal,
which last year sent $350 million
to Israel. Many of the American
delegates to the meetings called
for greater accountability by
Israel on how donated money is
spent, particularly to insure that
it goes to projects that reflect
American values of religious
tolerance, democratic education
and pluralism.
Moreover, a delegation led by the
national chairman of the United
Jewish Appeal, Martin Stein,
delivered an unusually vigorous
warning to Prime Minister Yit-
zhak Shamir. They told him that if
Mr. Shamir and the Parliament
accept ultraorthodox party
demands to change the official
definition of who is a Jew, a step
thai could effectively ttetegitimie*
the Reform and Conservatm
branches of Judaism, the change
would have a major negative im-
pact on American Jewish dona-
tions to Israel. The issue is one
that produces a visceral response
among American Jews, Mr. Stein
reportedly told Mr. Shamir.
American Jews may indeed be
getting freer with their advice, an
Israeli official said, "but I doubt
that this will have much impact
here. The power is with those who
are here and American Jews just
are not here. You cannot come
over three times a year and expect
to have your advice taken serious-1
ly." According to Professor
Spiegel, American Jewish leaders
are increasingly willing to talk
tough to their Israeli counter-
parts, partly because they feel
that Americans have become so
sympathetic to Israel that the old
hesitancy about washing dirty
linen in public has slightly
'Motherhood' Values
For example, in a Washington
Post-ABC News Poll last year,
after Israeli spying in Washington
had been revealed. ">! percent of
Americans rated Israel as "a
reliable ally." The approval vir-
tually matched an identical poll
just before the Israeli invasion of
Lebanon in 1982. And in a Roper
poll this year, only 5 percent blam-
ed Israel for the Iran-Contra
"Support for Israel has been
strong, steady and durable." said
Gary Orren, an expert on opinion
surveys at Harvard University.
"Even when it goes down, it
always seems to bounce back." He
offered several reasons. First,
Americans identify more closely
with Israelis than with most other
foreigners. "Whenever you ask in
polls, 'Why do you like Israel?' the
answer that always comes up is:
'They are like us,' Mr. Orren
Second, Israel is perceived as
reflecting certain desirable "apple
pie and motherhood" values.
Americans, he said, are apt to
regard Israel as "principled," an
"ally in the face of Soviets," and
most of all, "strong" and "suc-
cessful." Americans, especially
the young, identify with strength
and winners, Mr. Orren said, and
Israel's American support is
highest among young people.
While Israel has recently behav-
ed in ways that might have seem-
ed inconsistent with some of the
motherhood values, it has been in-
sulated by the general ignorance
of foreign news in the United
States. A recent New York
Times/CBS Poll found that only
18 percent knew that Jonathan
Jay Pollard, a United States Navy
intelligence analyst, had spied for
Israel has also benefited enor-
mously because its behavior has
been overshadowed by such Arab-
related anti-American incidents as
the hijacking of the Italian cruise
ship Achille Lauro in the Mediter-
ranean and Libyan- and Syrian-
sponsored terrorism, Mr. Orren
Finally, and perhaps most im-
portantiy. President Reagan has
set a positive tone about Israel
and has been tolerant of its ex-
cesses, probably more so than any
previous President. Because of
the influence of the President on
the News and the issues that are
debated, his attitudes have en-
joyed a wide echo in American
public opinion, an effect that could
change with a new
Rabbi Chaim Druckman, of the
right-wing Morasha religious par-
ty, took the podium and argued in
favor of the amendments defining
who is a Jew, declaring that even
the kibbutz Degania had banned
foreign workers because of all the
intermarriage that was taking
place there. But he was shouted
down by members of the left-wing
Mapam Party, who declared that
the kibbutz Degania banned
foreign workers "not because
they worried about assimilation
but because thev were worried
about AIDS."
Most Likud members said
privately that they were against
all the bills, because approval
might split the Jewish world, but
said they had to vote for the
measures because of the agree-
ment between Mr. Shamir and the
leaders of the rigidly Orthodox
Shas party.
Aside from the bill amending
the Law of Return, the two other
bills proposed to grant Israel's
two Chief Rabbis total authority
over determining who can be
registered as a Jew in Israel. At
the moment, that power is vested
in bureaucrats who do not ex-
amine whether someone con-
verted to Judaism was converted
by an Orthodox, Reform or Con-
servative rabbi as the Chief
Rabbis would.
The Likud version of that bill
was rejected 63 to 51 and the Shas
version 60 to 56. The difference
had to do with the fact that some
Likud members were not afraid to
vote against their own bill, but
were afraid to vote against Shas
because of the deal Mr. Shamir
had struck with them.
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