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The Jewish Floridian of South County ( October 10, 1986 )

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Title:
The Jewish Floridian of South County
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Added title page title:
Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
F.K. Shochet.
Place of Publication:
Boca Raton, Fla
Creation Date:
October 10, 1986

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Boca Raton (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Boca Raton

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Dec. 14, 1979)-
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44560186
lccn - sn 00229543
ocm44560186
System ID:
AA00014304:00261

Related Items

Related Items:
Jewish Floridian

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Jewish Floridian of South County
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Added title page title:
Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
F.K. Shochet.
Place of Publication:
Boca Raton, Fla
Creation Date:
October 10, 1986

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Boca Raton (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Boca Raton

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Dec. 14, 1979)-
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44560186
lccn - sn 00229543
ocm44560186
System ID:
AA00014304:00261

Related Items

Related Items:
Jewish Floridian

Full Text

w^ The Jewish "^ y
FloridiaN
of South County
Volume 8 Number 32
Serving Boca Raton, Delray Beach, and Highland Beach, Florida Friday, October 10,1986
Fratf ttoctot
Price 35 Cents
Paris Police Guard Synagogues Against Holy Days Terrorist Attack
By EDWIN EYTAN
PARIS (JTA) The French govern-
ment has ordered elaborate security
measures to protect the hundreds of
synagogues and Jewish community
centers all over France during the High
Holidays which began last Friday night.
A government spokesman said 2,000 provincial
police have been brought to Paris to bolster the
local gendarmerie. Paris has been hit by terrorist
attacks six times in the past month, leaving nine
dead and nearly 200 injured by bombs. The extra
police will remain on duty through Yom Kippur on
Monday, Oct. 13.
THE JEWISH community is taking its own
precautions. Members of youth organizations will
stand guard at various synagogues. Worshippers
will be searched before they enter, and any bags or
parcels will be examined. The Chief Rabbinate has
issued a booklet explaining measures to be taken in
case of emergency.
Chief Rabbi Rene Sirat has called on French
Jews "not to give in to terrorist threats and
blackmail." He urged them to attend services in
greater numbers than in past years in response to
such threats. Theo Klein, president of the
Representative Council of French Jews (CRIF),
also urged the community to attend the holiday
services in great numbers.
v
Yom Kippur
Kol Nidre Launches Holiest of Days
At Reykjavik
Reagan Urged
To Press For
Human Rights
Kol Nidre services will launch the
observance of Yom Kippur in synagogues
throughout South Florida this Sunday
evening (Oct. 12).
The holiday continues through Monday
as a time of fasting and prayer for repen-
tance. Yizhor, a memorial prayer for the
departed, will be recited during Yom Kip-
pur services Monday (Oct. 13).
Yom Kippur continues the High Holy
Day season, which began with Rosh
Hashanah last weekend. Shabbat
Teshuvah, the Sabbath of Repentance,
falls between Rosh Hashanah and Yom
Kippur, and will be observed at Sabbath
services this weekend (Oct. 11).
Next in the High Holy Day observances
will be Sukkoth, or the Feast of Taber-
nacles, which opens the eve of Friday
(Oct. 17) and continues through Saturday
and Sunday (Oct. 18 and 19).
Choi Hamoed Sukkoth begins on Mon-
day (Oct. 20).
'Acrimonious Discord'
Jewish Extended Family Threatened
NEW YORK (JTA) -
Nineteen lay leaders
representing a spectrum of
U.S. Jewish religious
denominations have urged
the establishment of pro-
grams to promote intra-
Jewish understanding and
unity.
In a joint statement last week,
the leaders expressed concern
that the Jewish "extended fami-
ly" in the U.S. is threatened by "a
mood of acrimonious discord,"
caused to a great extent by "dif-
ferences over Jewish conversion
and divorce procedures."
THE LEADERS, who had met
semi-monthly since last November
in a task force organized by the
American Jewish Committee, pro-
posed seven strategies to build
unity:
"A return to civil discourse
among Jews. .. We must work to
lower the decibel level of our in-
ternal squabbles..."
".. Renew a commitment to
joint action on a common Jewish
agenda, including solidarity with
Israel, support and rescue of op-
pressed Jews ... strengthening
Continued on Page 10
NEW YORK (JTA) -
The American Jewish com-
munity is mobilizing rapidly
to urge President Reagan to
fulfill his pledge to raise the
issues of human rights and
Soviet Jewry when he meets
with Soviet leader Mikhail
Gorbachev at their
>aratory summit in
ivik, Iceland Saturday
Sunday.
Morris Abram, chairman of the
National Conference on Soviet
Jewry, said 100,000 telegrams
will flood the White House this
week, wishing the President suc-
cess in his efforts to achieve peace
and to strengthen the cause of
human rights, including free
emigration for Soviet Jews,
guaranteed by the USSR as a
signatory to the Helsinki Accords.
THE SAME call was issued
from thousands of pulpits at Rosh
Hashanah services all over the
U.S. this past weekend, Abram
said. He also told a newt con-
ference that there would be a
Jewish presence in Reykjavik dur-
ing the summit, which coincides
partly with Yom Kippur. There is
no official Jewish community in
Iceland.
Abram, who is chairman of the
Conference of Presidents of Major
American Jewish Organizations,
said representatives of more than
100 Jewish communities across
the country would meet in
Washington Wednesday for a
"national leadership assembly."
They were to be briefed at the
State Department and meet with
the chairmen of key Senate and
Continued on Page 6
BULK RATE
U.S. POSTAGE
PAID
BOCA RATON, FL
PERMIT NO. 1093
U.S. Cites Shield for Israel
SDI Can Also Protect Against Short-Range Missiles
By DAVID FRIEDMAN
WASHINGTON (JTA)
The technology being
developed through the
Strategic Defense Initiative
(SDI) will not only provide a
defense against intercon-
tinental ballistic missiles
(ICBM), but also against
short-range missiles such as
threaten Israel, two Pen-
tagon officials stress.
Frank Gaffney, Jr., Deputy
Assistant Secretary of Defense
for Nuclear Forces and Arms Con-
trol Policy, and Air Force Lt. Gen.
James Abrahamson, director of
SDI, discussed SDI, popu
known as "Star Wars," and
before a group of Jews from
across the country at the Old Ex-
ecutive Office Building, next to
lariy
iaiael
the White House last week.
GAFFNEY SAID that Israel
wants a defense against tactical
ballistic missiles that now
threaten it from the air, land or
sea. The Soviet Union has provid-
Continued on Pare 9-


r
Page 2 The Jewish Floridian of South CoUnty/Friday, October 10, 1986
Summit Agenda
Reagan, Gorbachev Meet Saturday
By DAVID FRIEDMAN
WASHINGTON (JTA)
President Reagan will
meet Soviet leader Mikhail
Gorbachev in Reykjavik,
Iceland, Saturday and Sun-
day to prepare for a summit
conference in Washington.
Secretary of State George
Shultz, who appeared with
Reagan for the White House an-
nouncement of the meeting last
week, said that, as in all meetings
with the Soviet Union, human
rights will be discussed along with
arms control, bilateral problems
and regional issues. "You can be
sure we are going to keep the sub-
ject of human rights on the agen-
da," Shultz said.
THE ANNOUNCEMENT came
as Nicholas Daniloff, the U.S.
News and World Report cor-
respondent arrested in Moscow on
charges of spying Aug. 30, was en
route to Washington after being
allowed to leave the USSR.
The White House statement
also was made shortly after Gen-
nadi Zakharov, a Soviet employee
of the United Nations, pleaded no
contest to three charges of spying
in the U.S. District Court in
Brooklyn, N.Y. Shultz had said
that Zakharov would leave the
United States for the Soviet
Union Tuesday (Sept. 30).
He also announced that Yuri
Orlov, the 62-year-old founder of
the Moscow Helsinki Watch whom
he called "a giant of the Soviet
human rights movement," would
be allowed to depart the Soviet
Union for the U.S. with his wife,
Irina, scheduled for Tuesday (Oct.
7). Orlov, a physicist, had been a
close associate of Anatoly Sharan-
sky until his arrest for "anti-
Soviet activities" in October,
1977.
U.S. OFFICIALS had charged
that Daniloff s arrest a week after
Zakharov's was a "frameup" aim-
ed at taking a hostage to obtain
Zakharov's release. But Reagan
denied this, saying there was "no
connection between the two
releases." However, he noted that
"the release of Daniloff made the
meeting (in Iceland) possible. I
could not have accepted that
meeting if he was still being
held."
Shultz said that Gorbachev re-
quested the meeting in a letter
delivered by Soviet Foreign
Minister Eduard Shevardnadze at
the White House Sept. 19.
Shevardnadze held a press con-
ference in New York last Tuesday
(Sept. 30) at the same time as
Reagan and Shultz were meeting
with reporters in Washington.
There had been speculation that
along with Orlov the Soviets
would allow two Soviet Jewish
refuseniks to leave, Vladimir
Slepak, who has been seeking to
Silver Lining
By RABBI
SAMUEL M. SILVER
Temple Sinai, Delray Beach
I never met Evelyn Hoffman,
but I know something of her spirit
from something she wrote. A resi-
dent of the State of Washington
and a Christian, Ms. Hoffman saw
Israel for the first time this past
Spring when she attended
Elderhostel, that wonderful
adventure in adult learning. She
was so moved by Israel that she
wrote the following. The
references in her poem to Bea and
Jack are to Mr. and Mrs. Jack
Heitner, members of the con-
gregation of Temple Sinai, who
were her Elderhostel-mates:
/ collect the colors:
The stark brown hills and the
rough gray rock,
The black robes of the religious,
and
Olive drab of the uniforms,
The flaming red geraniums, and
the
Cascading purple bouoanvillia.
The fertile green fields, the blue
Dead Sea,
And the myriad hues of the
market.
I collect the sounds:
The Muslim call for prayer in the
night,
The dogfight outsided my window
at dawn,
The babble of vendors in the
markets.
I collect the people:
Avi'8 smile and Julie's lovely eyes,
Bea's merry laugh and Jack's song
from
The stage at Caesaria,
The faces of beautiful children
And those of sad old men.
I feel the sorrow of a people
And their joy in a great new
nation.
These things and so much more I
collect.
Then when the cold dark days of
winter come
I will take them out one by one
To remember and to cherish!
Japanese Say They Would
Welcome Imports from Israel
By GIL SEDAN
JERUSALEM (JTA) -
Shinichi Yanai, the Deputy
Foreign Minister of Japan, said
here last Wednesday (Oct. 1) that
his country would welcome in-
creased and diversified imports
from Israel. He spoke at a
- meeting with Israeli Deputy
I Foreign Minister Ronni Milo, who
said his guest's remarks were a
p positive development in trade
p relations between the two
8 countries.
- Japan, which exports
- everything from cars to
o microchips all over the world has
' kept a low profile with respect to
trade with Israel. It is heavily
dependent on Middle East oil.
Yanai said, however, that Japan
looks with favor on the efforts of
some of its large trading com-
panies to help Israeli companies
find local partners for joint in-
He also spoke favorably of the
increasing number of Japanese
tourists visiting Israel but did not
respond to Milo's suggestion of
direct flights between Tel Aviv
and Tokyo. Yanai told reporters
after his meeting with Milo that
his country believes in free trade
which depends only on the
itiative of the merchants.
m-
emigrate since 1970, and David
Goldfarb, a refusenik since 1979
whose exit visa was taken away
after he refused to help frame
Daniloff.
Other speculation had centered
on three Jewish refuseniks suffer-
ing from advanced cancer. They
are Inna Meiman and her hus-
band, Naum; Tanye Bogomolny
and her husband Benjamin, and
Benjamin Charney.
NEITHER REAGAN nor
Shultz would comment about the
possibility of others being allowed
to emigrate. "We have a continu-
ing dialogue with the Soviet
Union about a large number of
dissidents, about divided families,
about emigration generally,"
Shultz said. "So there is an ongo-
ing urging of them to take action
in those areas. So we'll continue
that now."
The National Conference on
Soviet Jewry welcomed Orlov's
release, calling him "a long-time
advocate of human rights," who
"has suffered greatly in prison,
labor camps and Siberian exile."
"We are greatly disappointed,
however, that the Soviet Union
has refused to make any signifi-
cant gestures to ease the plight of
Soviet Jews," an NCSJ
spokesman said. "Hundreds of
refuseniks continue to live in lim-
bo while others unjustifiably suf-
fer in labor camps.
"We hope, therefore, that pro-
gress toward a real summit will be
made during the pre-summit
meeting in Iceland and that all the
brush will be cleared away. We
have confidence that the Ad-
ministration is proceeding on its
promise to press the issue of
Jewish rights and emigration at
the summit and to help secure the
immediate transit of those hun-
dreds of thousands of Jews who
wish to be repatriated to Israel
and to join their families."
THE UNION of Councils for
Soviet Jewry (UCSJ), whose
board was meeting in Washington
last Tuesday, sent a telegram to
Reagan, urging him to seek a full
settlement of the Soviet Jewry
problem when he meets with
Gorbachev.
"We have confidence in Presi-
dent Reagan's concern for Soviet
Jewry and we trust that this issue
will be on the table at the sum-
mit," said Pamela Cohen, of
Chicago, the UCSJ's newly-
elected president.
The telegram expressed ap-
preciation for the Administra-
tion's efforts to obtain exit visas
for specific Jewish families. "Now
is the time to negotiate full
freedom of emigration for all who
wish to leave in accordance with
the Helsinki Final Act which was
signed by the Soviet Union," the
UCSJ stressed.
The site of the meeting in the
capital of Iceland may make it
more difficult for Jewish and
other groups to be on hand to
publicize their issues as they did
when Reagan and Gorbachev held
their first summit in Geneva in
November, 1986. In addition, the
first day of the meeting is a Satur-
day, and the second is the eve of
Yom Kippur.
Ann Sokolow's Players' Project
Dance Theatre.
The Dance Umbrella of
Broward and Palm Beach, Inc. is
proud to announce the presenta-
tion of Anna Sokolow's Players'
Project at the Parker Playhouse,
Fort Lauderdale, on Thursday,
Oct. 23 at 8 p.m.
Considered to be one of the
pioneers of modern dance, Ann
Solokow has choreographed for
Broadway, opera and television,
and has
staged dances for such,
lustrial ventures. well-known troupes as Joffrey.' available. For
Bdle^and-Xlviri^'Key's American' 961-3738.
Anna Sokolow's Players' Pro-
ject, an eight member ensemble,
will perform dances to the music
of Charles Ives, Jelly Roll Morton,
and Ira Gershwin. The crowning
piece will be "Steps of Silence"
which is about political prisoners,
with text by Aleksandr
Solzhenitsyn.
Tickets are $10 for adults, $6
for students. Group rates are
information, call:
Fighting for Friend's Freedom
Alexander Baiter holds a poster of his close friend. Prisoner of
Conscience Zachar Zunshein, in the Tel Aviv offices of the Israel
Public Council for Soviet Jewry. In March, 1984, Baiter and Zun-
shein, both of Riga, demonstrated in central Moscow for exit
visas. Baiter was eventually released, but Zunshein was sentenced
to three brutal years in the Gulag.
Religious Directory
B'NAI TORAH CONGREGATION
1401 N.W. 4th Ave., Boca Raton, Florida 33432. Conservative.
Phone 392-8566, Rabbi Theodore Feldman, Hazzan Donald
Roberts. Sabbath Services: Friday at 8:15 p.m., Saturday at 9:30
a.m. Family Shabbat Service 2nd Friday of each month.
BOCA RATON SYNAGOGUE
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 2262, Boca Raton, Fla. 33427-2262.
Phone: 394-5732. President: Dr. Israel Bruk. Services Friday
evening 6:45 p.m. Shabbat morning 9:00 a.m. Mincha-Maariv 7:30
p.m. For additional information call above number or 393-6730.
CONGREGATION ANSHEI EMUNA
16189 Carter Road 1 block south of Linton Blvd., Delray
Beach, Florida 33445. Orthodox. Rabbi Dr. Louis L. Sacks. Daily
Torah Seminar preceding services at 7:45 a.m. and 5 p.m. Sab-
bath and Festival Services 8:45 a.m. Sabbath Torah class 5 p.m.
Phone 499-9229.
CONGREGATION BETH AMI
2134 N.W. 19th Way, Boca Raton, Florida 33431. Conservative.
Phone (305) 994-8693 or 276-8804. Rabbi Nathan Zelizer; Cantor
Mark Levi; President, Joseph Boumans. Services held at the
Jewish Federation, 336 N.W. Spanish River Blvd., Boca Raton;
Friday evening at 8:15 p.m., Saturday at 9:30 a.m.
CONGREGATION B'NAI ISRAEL
Services at Center for Group Counseling, 22445 Boca Rio Road,
Boca Raton, Florida 33433. Reform. Rabbi Richard Agler. Cantor
Norman Swerling. Sabbath Services Friday at 8 p.m., Saturday
at 10:15 a.m. Mailing address: 8177 W. Glades Road, Suite 214,
Boca Raton, FL 33434. Phone 483-9982. Baby sitting available
during services.
CONGREGATIONI TORAH OHR
Located in Century Village of Boca Raton. Orthodox. Rabbi
David Weissenberg. Cantor Jacob Resnick. President Edward
Sharzer. For information on services and educational classes and
programs, call 482-0206 or 482-7156.
TEMPLE ANSHEI SHALOM
7099 West Atlantic Ave., Delray Beach, Florida 33446. Conser-
vative. Phone 495-0466 and 495-1300. Rabbi Morris Silberman.
Cantor Louis Hershman. Sabbath Services: Friday at 8 p.m.,
Saturday at 8:30 a.m. Daily services 8:30 a.m. and 5 p.m.
TEMPLE BETH EL OF BOCA RATON
333 S.W. Fourth Avenue, Boca Raton, Florida 33432. Reform.
Phone: 391-8900. Rabbi Merle E. Singer, Assistant Rabbi
Gregory S. Marx, Cantor Martin Rosen. Shabbat Eve Services at
8 p.m. Family Shabbat Service at 8 p.m. 2nd Friday of each
month, Saturday morning services 10:30 a.m.
TEMPLE BETH SHALOM
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 340015, Boca Raton, FL 33434. Con-
servative. Located in Century Village, Boca. Daily Services 8 a.m.
and 5 p.m. Saturday 8:45 a.m. and 5:15 p.m., Sunday 8:30 a.m.
and 5 p.m. Rabbi Donald David Crain. Phone: 483-6557. Joseph
M. Pollack, Cantor.
TEMPLE EMETH
5780 West Atlantic Ave.. Delray Beach. Florida 33445. Conser-
vative. Phone. 498-3536. Rabbi Elliot J. Winograd. Zvi Adler,
Cantor Sabbath Services: Friday at 8 p.m., Saturday at 8:45 a.m.
Daily Minyans at 8:45 a.m. and 5 p.m
TEMPLE SINAI
2475 West Atlantic Ave. (Between Congress Ave. and Barwick
Koad). Delray Beach. Florida 33445. Reform. Sabbath Eve. ser-
ICeS' SS?flat5:15 Pm- S*1- 10 *"> R*W>i Samuel Silver,
phone 276-6161. Cantor Elaine Shapiro
~



Secret Archives
Friday, October 10, 1986/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 3
May Reveal French Collaborators
By EDWIN EYTAN
PARIS (JTA) Ten
tons of top secret archives
describing in detail the ac-
tivities of French col-
laborators with the Nazis
during the German occupa-
tion of France will be
analyzed by French
historians and members of
the State prosecution. The
archives, which consist of
several million documents,
are believed to be the
largest such collection not
yet classified by any
authority.
The former head of the French
Secret Service, Alexandre de
We're Watching
PLO in D.C.,
Meese Says
NEW YORK (JTA) At-
torney General Edwin Meese told
the Conference of Presidents of
Major American Jewish Organiza-
tions that the Justice Department
was "looking very carefully" into
the activities of the PLO office in
Washington and hinted that the
office might be closed down.
Responding to a question
following an address to the Con-
ference, Meese said the Depart-
Edwin Meese
ment was "taking certain steps to
see if there was any violation of
law" in the PLO's activities in
Washington. He added: "We will
not allow that office to aid ter-
rorists or to be a source of support
for terrorists anywhere."
THE ATTORNEY General said
there were "sensitive aspects" to
the situation that he said "may af-
fect actions we may take." The
PLO was permitted to open a so-
called information office in
Washington during the Carter
Administration.
On other issues, the Attorney
General said an early decision was
expected on whether to bar Presi-
dent Kurt Waldheim of Austria
from the United States as a
former Nazi. The Presidents Con-
ference and other groups have
called on the Administration to
refuse entry to Waldheim under
the "watch list" provision of the
immigration law.
Meese said that he deplored re-
cent "leaks" emanating from his
department that charged various
Israeli officials with wrongdoing.
"I share your remorse at these
leaks, which are a matter of great
distress to me personally and to
this Administration," he said.
He declined to comment on the
case of confessed spy Jonathan
Pollard, noting only that sentenc-
ing would take place in November.
"I hope that other problems"
related to the case "will conclude
rapidly," he added.
Marenches, revealed in a recently-
published autobiography that
upon his appointment as head of
intelligence in 1970, he discovered
to his amazement that 10 tons of
documents were stored without
ever having been examined.
He said he did not have the
means or the staff to undertake a
thorough analysis but ordered
that a few documents picked at
random be examined to ascertain
their authenticity.
HE SAID the random selection
showed the documents were not
only authentic but threw a new
and tragic light on the Nazi oc-
cupation. According to Marenches
they showed that many people,
honored as war and resistance
heroes, had actually collaborated
with the Nazis and even were paid
for their services. Marenches, who
resigned in 1981, said the col-
laborators included "famous
names" among the so-called war
heroes.
The President of the National
Assembly, Jacques Chaban-
Delmas, himself a former
resistance fighter, called for an
immediate thorough examination
of these records. Chaban-Delmas
said that leaving them in secret
storage as they now are would br-
ing discredit to all former
resistance fighters.
Defense Minister Andre Giraud
said that the archives will be hand-
ed over to the historical depart-
ment of his Ministry to be examin-
ed by its researchers and by the
staff of the State Attorney.
Giraud said the National
Resistance Commission, a con-
sultative body accredited to the
Defense Ministry, will also be
authorized to examine the
documents.
IN CASE of legal proceedings
both sides, the State and the
Defense, will be given free access
to the pertinent papers. Giraud
did not say whether the
documents will be made available
to independent and foreign
researchers.
But even if incriminating
evidence is found it will not be ad-
missible in French courts because
all war crimes, except genocide,
are covered by the statute of
limitations. The release or publica-
tion of the evidence could,
however, affect the reputations of
countless people including, accor-
ding to Marenches, prominent na-
tional figures.
American ORT Federation President Alvin L. Gray (right) con-
gratulate* Prof. Ephraim Katzir, former President of the State of
Israel, on his election as president of the World ORT Union at the
recent WOUCongress in Jerusalem. Katzir extended his own con-
gratulations to Gray on his election as World Union secretary.
Some i50 delegates from t7 countries, including more taon 200
delegates from the American ORT Federation, participated in
the Congress.
Kollek Due for Top Award
PHILADELPHIA (JTA) -
Mayor Teddy Kollek of Jerusalem
will receive the second Raymond
and Miriam Klein Foundation An-
nual Award for "distinguished
contribution to the advancement
of Jewish life and thought." He'll
be presented the award, which in-
cludes a $100,000 grant, early
next yc
Soutfi County Synagogue uMews
TEMPLE ANSHEI SHALOM
Temple Anshei Shalom of
West Delray will hold special
memorial services (Yiskor), on
Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement),
at 2:30 p.m., Monday, Oct. 13.
Temple President, Ben Simon,
stated that because seating for the
High Holy Days is at capacity of
the sanctuary, this special Yiskor
Service is being held to accom-
modate non-members in the com-
munity desirous of offering
prayers in memory of their loved
ones on this holiest of holy days.
A recess from the all-day ser-
vices will be declared at 2:30 p.m.
All regular worshippers will leave
the temple. The special guests will
have seats available in the sanc-
tuary and the chapel. Yiskor
prayer pamphlets will be supplied.
During the regular services,
temple spiritual leader, Rabbi Dr.
Morris Silberman will officiate.
Cantor Louis Herahman and tem-
ple choir will lead in chanting the
memorial prayers.
Non-members are also invited to
attend Yiskor Services on
Shemini Atzereth, the eighth day
of the Succoth holiday, Saturday,
Oct. 25 at 10 a.m.
Temple Anshei Shalom is a
1,100 member congregation,
housed in the new $1,500,000
edifice on West Atlantic Avenue,
one mile east of the Florida Turn-
pike, Delray Beach exit 32, and
five miles west of the Delray
Beach, Atlantic Avenue exit on
1-95. For additional information
phone the temple office at
495-1300.
The Brothers Zim, world
famous song stylists and popular
recording artists, will appear, In
Concert, at Temple Aaahei
Saaloa of West Delray, Satur-
day, Nov. 22, at 8:30 p.m. They
will have orchestra accompani-
ment under the direction of promi-
nent condctor, pianist and music
arranger, Joe Merman. Tickets
are $7 each. All seats are
reserved.
On tour, the Brothers Zim have
won acclaim before capacity au-
diences throughout the United
States, Europe, South America,
Australia and Israel. They bridge
the generation gap in song, in-
terspersed with comical patter.
Their program consists of Yid-
dish, Broadway Showtunes,
Operatic, Liturgical, Pop
Chassidic and Israeli Folk and
Rock melodies, as well as contem-
porary songs.
Related only in the blending of
their fine Tenor voices, Sol Zim
and Bernie Deane first met when
they were classmates at the Con-
tor's Institute of the Jewish
Theological Seminary of America,
where they were both ordained as
cantors.
After 20 years as Cantor at the
Hollis Hill Jewish Center, Queens,
New York, the congregation
awarded Sol Zim a lifetime con-
tract. To further his cantonal and
art technique, he studied privately
with Cantor Moshe Kousevitsky
and Yiddish Theater master com-
poser, Sholom Secunda. Bernie
Deane pursued a highly suc-
cessful career as an actor, singer
and performer of one-man shows.
It has been said that together, the
Brothers Zim fill a vacant gap in
Jewish musk today. They blend
old nostalgia with the sounds of
the 80s.
President, Ben Simon, has an-
nounced that tickets can be pur-
chased at the Temple Anshei
Shalom office, Monday through
Thursday, from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.
The Temple is situated on West
Atlantic Avenue, one mile east of
Delray exit 32, Florida Turnpike,
or 4 miles west Atlantic Avenue
exit, 1-95. Phone number is
495-1300.
TEMPLE BETH AM
Rabbi Jacob Luaki, President of
the Southeast Region of the Rab-
binical Assembly of America an-
nounced that classes in basic
Judaism for both non-Jews and
Jews wishing to study the beaks
of Jewish tradition will be held for
the first time in North Broward
on Monday evenings beginning,
Oct. 20.
The classes will meet once a
week for 15 weeks and delve into
the basic philosphy of Judaism,
the holiday cycle, the life cycle,
the Jewish ritual objects, and the
Jewish community. Classes are
open to the public and are
especially advised for those
wishing to convert to Judaism.
For further information contact
Candle Lighting Time
Oct. 10 6:38 p.m.
Oct. 17 6:32 p.m.
Rabbi Paul Plotkin 974-8650,
Rabbi Howard Addison
742-4040, Rabbi Randy
Konigsburg 741-0295.
TEMPLE SINAI
Succoth services will take place
Friday, Oct. 17 at 8:15 p.m. Can-
tor Elaine Shapiro will be in atten-
dance. Sermon by Rabbi Samuel
Silver will be "Why Sukkot?"
Succoth services will continue
Saturday, Oct. 18 at 10 a.m.
Information regarding member-
ship is available at the temple of-
fice 276-6161.
Theodore Bikel, star per-
former/social activist will be
presented at Temple Sinai in the
second annual guest lecture series
on Sunday evening Feb. 1,1987 at
8 p.m. His program will be
"Jewish Musk; A Borrowed Gar-
ment Made Our Own."
Ticket donations are $7.50-$10,
and $25 patron, which includes
oost champagne reception with
Bikel. Call temple office 2764161
for reservations and information.
An opportunity has arisen for
are form temple to be built on the
outskirts of Haifa, Israel, called
"Congregation Or Chodash,"
which has 250 families. To ac-
complish this wonderful project
and the growth of Reform
Judaism in Israel it is imperative
that money be raised at once to ac-
complish this foothold. If monies
are not raised by March 1987 this
land will revert back to the city of
Haifa.
Temple Sinai as well as other
reform temples feel very strongly
about the importance of this tem-
ple being built. If every member of
the reform movement donated
just one dollar this wonderful pro-
ject can be accomplished. Con-
tributions should be mailed to:
Rabbi Paul J. Citrin, Congrega-
tion Albert, 3800 Lousiana Blvd.
NE, Albuquerque, NM 87110.
Attention: Organizations
& Synagogues
Please forward all news releases and per-
sonal items to the
Jewish Floridian of South County
Main Office
P.O. Box 012973
Miami, Florida 33101


Page 4 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, October 10, 1986
Kol Nidre To Launch
Yom Kippur Sunday Eve
The awesome musical sound of the Kol
Nidre prayer will launch Yom Kippur ser-
vices this Sunday evening. More like an
operatic statement of agonizing self-
confrontation than in the tradition of the
trop, or of the later incorporation of Middle
Eastern musical petterns into the liturgy,
Kol Nidre is a devastating religious
experience.
The prayer denudes us of all pretense, of
all common occasions during the outgoing
year when we voiced vows signifying our
very human impulses toward omniscience
and omnipotence. Instead, in this prayer, we
bow before the inevitable. Man is not God,
for Whom all power and all-knowing are
reserved exclusively. For man to have made
such vows during the year on those common
occasions is both arrogant and errant.
The Mishnah devotes eight chapters to
Yom Kippur which is called in that work
Yom Ha-Kippurim. Of these eight chapters,
only the last deals with the laws pertaining
to the Fast. The first seven describe in far
more dramatic detail the order of its
performance.
From this, it seems clear that the codifiers
of the Mishnah seemed far more concerned
and therefore placed far more emphasis on
the halaekot of the service on the Day of
Atonement than on the Fast itself.
Installing Ancient 'New'
In the Kol Nidre, we are cleansed of our
common human impulses and stand before
the inevitability of God's extraordinary
judgment. In this way, we sweep away the
old. We install the ancient "new of Jewish
imperatives governing ail human interrela-
tionships, and we strive toward the max-
imum of our Jewish spiritual ideals.
It is not the Fast that ordains the holiness
of Yom Kippur. It is the order of the Fast
and, indeed, of the Yom Kippur service
generally, that supercedes the Fast itself. In
the end, the order of the service makes the
why of Yom Kippur stand paramount rather
than the what. The melody of Kol Nidre
rapidly rivets us to that emotional and
spiritual mood and places the accent of the
holiday squarely where it belongs.
As the New Year begins, we wish you a
"good closing." May you be inscribed into
the Book of Life.
Wishing Reagan Well
We wish President Reagan well at Reyk-
javik. It will be a difficult moment for him.
Too often, there is the feeling that we are as
babes in the woods in our dealings with the
Soviet Union. This feeling runs especially
deeply for those of us who saw the Allies
bowing before the Russian onslaught after
World War II that gobbled up Poland,
Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Czechoslovakia,
Hungary, Rumania, Yugoslavia. Not to men-
tion East Germany. Who saw this
"inevitability" of Leninism as newspaper
headlines, not as pages in a history book
already rewritten many times over.
One strength of Mr. Reagan is that he is
the first of many Presidents who has been
able to put the Soviets off-balance. The cost
to our economy and on our social structure
has been near-devastating, but he is en-
thusiastic about his purpose, regardless of
price.
This should serve Mr. Reagan well at
ElowdiaN
FREOSMOCMET i Fretf S*ocfte SUZANNE SHOCHET
Editor and Publisher Executive Editor
PuWtehed Weekly Mkl September through MM May
SI-Weekly balance ol year (43 Issues)
Third Class Postage Psid at Boca Raton. Honda
POSTMASTER: Send address) change* to The Jewish
Floridian. P.O. Box 012973. Miami. Fla. 33101
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Jewish Floridian does not guarantee Kashruth ol Merchandise Advertised
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Friday, October 10,1986 7 TISHRI 5747
Volume 8 Number 32
Reykjavik. Already, the Soviet Union's
Mikhail Gorbachev has attempted to up the
ante at Reykjavik by announcing that he
would bring his wife along, thus introducing
an extraneous element of what might be in-
terpreted as social camaraderie between the
two First Families that, happily, Mr.
Reagan has refused to emulate. First Lady
Nacy will not be there.
Even so small a maneuver on the Presi-
dent's part demonstrates that he is deter-
mined to focus on the business matters at
hand to stress substance as a prelude to a
future summit in the United States, to set a
tough agenda and to avoid the softer trapp-
ings that might encourage him to grasp at
these trappings when the negotiating takes
a hard turn against his own agenda of more
serious considerations.
One of these considerations is human
rights. Mr. Reagan this week vowed that he
intends to press the issue with Mr. Gor-
bachev and to accent the fate of Soviet
Jewry. We commend him for his determina-
tion in this.
If a summit is what the President believes
is necessary between the two leaders, then
his view of Reykjavik as a "base camp" on
the road to a summit is excellent. Ana that,
too, deserves our applause.
Dim Light on Dimona
Once again, Israel is being hurled into the
international headlines this time involving
Dimona and what goes on there. Around the
world, the message is clear. Deep in the in-
nards the reactor at Dimona are 200 nuclear
warheads.
It would be idle to speculate about
Dimona. It would be just as idle to continue
the speculation about whether the number
THE. CAHN/W #*****
TA<&<
of nuclear warheads allegedly stored there is
accurate. Or whether, indeed, Israel has any
nuclear warheads at all.
A nuclear reactor does not continue to
function year after year without something
going on there. And given Israel's extraor-
dinarily large number of capable nuclear
scientists and technologists, it should not be
surprising that nuclear warheads are in its
arsenal. As Abba Eban has put it: why
shouldn't Jews have nuclear weapons?
Didn't they pioneer the field in the first
place?
The international outcry is hypocritical. It
is the rest of the world and its commitment
to the general Arab determination to
destroy Israel in short, the geopolitical
pressures of the region that forced Israel
into nuclear weapons research as a
necessary condition to its survival.
Six Senators Withdraw
Records Eyed of Possible Winners
By MORRIS AMITAY
WASHINGTON Six
U.S. Senators have decided
not to run for reelection this
November. Of these, two
are considering presidential
bids, one has been mention-
ed as a possible guber-
natorial candidate, and
three are retiring from
public life, apparently for
good.
An analysis of the views and
records of their probable suc-
cessors indicates that support for
Israel in the Senate will be
strengthened in the 100th Con-
gress convening next year. In-
creasingly, elections in both the
House and Senate are being won
by candidates who support
stronger U.S.-Israel ties.
THIS POSITIVE development
may be explained by increased
awareness among this new
generation of politicians that sup-
port for legislation maintaining
Israel's security is beneficial both
from a political standpoint and a
national interest standpoint
SENATOR Thomas Eagleton,
Democrat of Missouri, who is
stepping down after three six-
year terms, has compiled a voting
record on the whole supportive of
Israel. Although he occasionally
voted against foreign aid bills and
did support the sale of advanced
U.S. F-15 fighters to Saudi Arabia
in 1978, Eagleton has always been
sympathetic to Israel's concern,
and has opposed the more recent
proposals to arm Jordan and
Saudi Arabia.
He will be replaced by either ex-
Republican Gov. "Kit" Bond or
current Missouri Lt. Gov. Harriet
Woods, a relative of Sen. Howard
Metzenbaum. Both have made
good statements and are expected
to be supportive of closer
U.S.-Israel ties.
SEN. HART of Colorado is
relinquishing the Senate seat he
has held for two terms in order ac-
tively to pursue the Democratic
nomination for President in 1988.
Hart has compiled a perfect
voting record on Israel-related
issues in the Senate. Unfortunate-
ly, his failure to clarify his position
on the transfer of the U.S. Em-
bassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem
during the 1984 New York state
primary cost him some Jewish
support.
Although Hart's consistent sup-
port will be missed, it will pro-
bably be duplicated to a great ex-
tent by either of the two House
members vying for his seat
Republican Ken Kramer and
Democrat Tim Wirth. Kramer has
had a more consistent record over
the last two years, but Wirth has a
better overall record.
Paul Laxalt of Nevada, a close
confidante of President Reagan,
and an engaging personality, has
been accessible to the Jewish com-
munity, with whom he has tried to
forge some ties on a national level.
But Laxalt, an Administration
loyalist, has consistently sup-
ported all the controversial arms
sales to Arab foes of Israel. Also,
he usually voted against final
passage of foreign aid bills con-
taining military and economic
assistance for Israel.
Laxalt, currently testing the
waters for a presidential bid, will
be replaced by either Republican
Jim Santini, an ex-Democratic
Representative, or by current
Democratic Representative Harry
Reid. y
REID, a two-termer who serves
on the Middle East Subcommittee
of the Foreign Affairs Committee,
has been excellent on Israel-
related issues, while Santini's
record in the House was mixed.
Reid is ahead at this point in a
close race, and he would be the
preferable candidate.
As for the three remaining
retirees, Republicans Goldwater
of Arizona and Mathias of
Maryland, and Democrat Long of
Louisiana all of the six
possibilities running to replace
them will definitely be more
favorable from a pro-Israel
standpoint.
Goldwater, while alluding to his
own Jewish heritage (a Jewish
grandfather), amassed one of the
most negative records in the
Senate. He has been particularly
acerbic in his verbal comments
about Israel's leadership and
American supporters of Israel.
Mathias, a moderate Republican
who voted for foreign aid, has
decried the influence of American
Jews on Middle East policies and
has supported all Arab arms sales.
As a member of the Foreign Rela-
tions Committee, he has been able
to play a mischief-making role.
EXPECTED Jewish support
for any potential opponent was
undoubtedly a factor in Mathias'
decision to call it quits after three
terms and either Democratic Rep.
Barbara Mikulski or Linda Chavez
will undoubtedly be much more
favorable.
The colorful and almost legen-
dary Russell Long is ending 36
years of service amid rumors he
may run for Governor of Loui-
siana. Long's largely negative
record, with just a few recent
bright spots, is baaed more on in-
difference to the issues rather
than any malice. It is anticipated
that either Rep. Henson Moore or
Rep. John Breaux will show more
attention to Israel-related
subjects.
It is gratifying to be able to look
forward to the certainty that the
half-dozen new Senators filling
open seats will be attuned to
Israel's value as an ally to our own
country, and more involved with
their Jewish constituents.


Labor Party Fears
Likud Return As
'Unfit' At Helm
Friday, October 10, 1986/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 5
By YA'ACOV BAR-NATAN
"Don't talk to me about
the rotation. I'm not
prepared to say what will
happen even one minute
after it, because I don't
think there should be a rota-
tion. I don't think we should
hand over power to them
(the Likud) because I don't
think they're capable of
governing."
That is the opinion of Minister
of Health, Mordechai Gur. Like
several other Alignment
ministers, he regards next Tues-
day's rotation with a mixture of
gloom and apprehension. He and
Yaacov Tzur, the minister of im-
migration and absorption, have
made no secret of their hope that
a cabinet crisis would cause the
break-up of the national unity
government and trigger early
elections.
THERE HAS been no shortage
of such crises during Prime
Minister Shimon Peres'
precarious two-year reign. But
the latest, and most certainly the
last, of these was resolved about
two months ago when Peres
demanded and received the
resignation of Justice Minister
Yitzhak Modai who, only a few
months earlier, had been forced to
resign his post at the finance
ministry. On both occasions,
Modai's vitriolic attacks against
Peres sparked the demand for his
resignation.
The Likud gave in to the de-
mand, preferring to endure one
more humiliation rather than
jeopardize the transition of power.
In the wake of that capitulation,
the rotation would now seem to be
a virtual certainty.
In his two years as Prime
Minister, Peres has changed from
the most maligned politician in the
arena to the most popular Prime
Minister in the country's history.
The opinion polls show him far
ahead of Shamir and, contrary to
predictions, he has maintained
this popularity throughout his
term.
HOWEVER, it is by no means
certain that Peres can retain this
popularity as Vice Premier when
he loses the aura of authority that
goes with the Prime Minister's of-
fice. Moreover, Peres' image-
builders have not had the same
success in revamping the image
the Labor Party, which is still
regarded with suspicion by large
sectors of the public.
Even militant Labor politicians
admit that if elections were held
now, the results would not differ
greatly from the last elections.
Some say the trend to the right-
wing of the political spectrum has
been stemmed. Some even say
that it has been halted, but few
Labor politicians are ready to ven-
ture that it has been reversed
which is why even the strongest
opponents of the rotation, the
Gurs and Tzurs of Labor, are
unlikely to make a move to bring
down the government after
Shamir assumes power.
"Anyone who hopes the Shamir
government will be short-lived
may be in for a disappointment,"
warns Labor's Minister of
Economic Development Gad
Yaacobi.
AS PRIME MINISTER, Peres
could have brought down the
government simply by handing in
his resignation to the President.
With Shamir as Prime Minister,
Peres will have to obtain a vote of
no-confidence in the Knesset.
Since the religious parties are
largely opposed to the break-up of
the national unity government, or
the holding of early elections,
Peres has no chance for the
foreseeable future of obtaining
the necessary majority.
Labor's small coalition partner,
the three-man Shinui Party, has
not yet decided whether to remain
in the government. But whatever
its members decide, its numbers
are too small to make a dent in the
political map.
That does not mean to say the
next two years will be smooth sail-
ing in the Knesset. Many
observers in both Labor and the
Likud anticipate more violations
of coalition discipline which will
make the second half of the na-
tional unity government's
50-month term even stormier
than the first. But the overall im-
pression is that the rotation will
bring more continuity than
change.
FOR PERES, the move to the
Foreign Ministry will be a major
setback. After determining the
national agenda and coordinating
international contacts with heads-
of-state, culminating in the
meeting with King Hassan of
Morocco and Egypt's President
Mubarak, Peres will see his power
to initiate major foreign policy
developments reduced to a
modest level. In fact, one com-
mentator predicts that dealing
Shamir (left) has studiously avoided
precipitating conflict with Peres.
with Israel's relations with Japan
and Holland, rather than with the
peace process, "will drive Peres
crazy."
This is perhaps exaggerated.
Peres will retain a major influence
on government policy in his
capacity as Vice Premier, par-
ticularly in the economic sphere.
But there is no question that the
role of initiating major foreign
policy overtures will now fall to
Shamir.
Continued on Page 8-
Precarious Balance
Religious Parties' Decisive Role
By YA'ACOV BAR-NATAN
That the precariously
balanced national unity
government has survived in-
tact until now is largely due
to the decisive role played
by the religious parties. The
National Religious Party
(NRP), Agudat Israel, Shas
and Morasha all stressed the
national unity ideal in their
election campaigns, presen-
ting themselves to the
public as a bridge between
the Labor Alignment and
the Likud. Indeed, the ultra-
Orthodox parties.
Shas and Agudat Israel, which
are non-Zionist, even anti-Zionist
in ideology, played a key role in
the negotiations between Labor
and the Likud that led to the for-
mation of the national unity
government.
IN ONE SENSE the religious
parties kept their promise to the
electorate. They could theoretical-
ly have obtained much more in
terms of religious legislation and
government funds for religious
education had they sold
themselves to the highest bidder
either Labor or the Likud. In a
narrow-baaed government the rul-
ing party would have been much
more indebted to its religious
supporters.
But the religious power-brokers
insisted on forming and maintain-
ing a broad-based coalition, rejec-
ting the not-infrequent overtures
from some Labor cabinet
ministers to break up the national
unity government and form a nar-
row coalition under Shimon
Peres.
As the rotation enters its second
phase, the survival of the Shamir-
led national unity government
depends no less on the continued
support of the religious parties
than did the Peres-led coalition.
IN RECENT MONTHS,
however, there have been signs
that some of the religious parties
are having second thoughts about
backing a national unity govern-
ment. The first to defect from the
coalition was Rabbi Avraham
Werdiger of Morasha. Recently,
Continued oa Page 10
Shamir Seen As Reticent,
Secretive, Patient
By YA'ACOV BAR-NATAN
Yitzhak Shamir is one of
the most reticent, even
secretive, men ever to hold
office in Israel. Like all
politicians he appreciates
the value of publicity, but
unlike his colleagues, he
does not relish being cast in
the limelight and has, on oc-
casion, been known to wince
visibly at the sight of a
reporter.
His home telephone number is
unlisted, and one sure way to pro-
voke his ire is for a journalist to
get hold of that number. It has
been changed several times.
Some say it is just his character.
Others say it is due to half a
lifetime spent in clandestine ac-
tivity of one kind or another. Dur-
ing the British Mandate he was a
leader of Lehi, the most extremist
of the Jewish underground
groups.
UNLIKE Menachem Begin's
Irgun Zva'i Leumi (Etzel), Lehi
did not stop its attacks on the
British even during the Second
World War. It is an open secret
that Lehi was responsible for the
Continued on Page 11
X


age o The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, October 10, 1986
Study Shows
Military Balance in Jeopardy
TEL AVIV The overall
Arab-Israeli military
balance has deteriorated
somewhat from Israel's
point of view, according to
the Middle East Military
Balance 1985, an annual
publication of Tel Aviv
University's Jaffee Center
Joseph Lamport (right), who graduated from Yeshiva Univer- for Strategic Studies.
sxty's Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law last June, is the first Presenting the major findings
alumnus xn the school's 10-year history to be appointed to its of the study at a recent press con-
faculty. Lamport, shown speaking with Dr. Norman Lamm, ference, Maj. Gen. (res.) Aharon
president of Yeshiva University, is serving this fall as a full-time
visiting assistant professor.
Burg Leaves Gov't. After
38 Years of Service
JERUSALEM (JTA) Yosef Burg, who served in
virtually every Israeli government since 1948, received a
warm, emotional farewell from his colleagues at Sunday's
Cabinet meeting. Burg, 77, submitted his resignation to
Premier Shimon Peres last Friday and it became effective
48 hours later, according to the law.
HIS LAST portfolio was Religious Affairs Minister.
His successor, former Education Minister Zevulun Ham-
mer, selected by the National Religious Party, was ex-
pected to be approved by the Knesset Tuesday.
Hammer, leader of the NRP's "young guard" faction,
was elected party leader last summer at the NRP's conven-
tion. Burg has been a Minister almost without interruption
for 36 years and a member of the Knesset for 38 years. He
will retain his Knesset seat.
Wiesenthal Center Gives
Aussies Info on Nazis
.^^dia
NEW YORK (JTA) Rabbi
Marvin Hier, dean of the Simon
Wiesenthal Center in Los
Angeles, announced last Wednes-
day (Oct. 1) that the Center has
given the Australian government
a list of 40 names of Nazi war
criminals suspected to be living in
Australia. Hier said the Center
will turn over an additional 150
names of suspected Nazi war
criminals to the Australian
government within a few weeks.
Push Human
Rights, Reagan
Urged
Continued from Page 1
House committees to promote a
million-signature petition cam-
paign on behalf of Soviet Jewry.
Abram was joined at his news
conference by Alexander
Goldfarb, whose seriously ill
father, Dr. David Goldfarb, has
been waiting for a Soviet exit visa
since 1981.
THE ELDER Goldfarb, a scien-
tist, is a personal friend of
Nicholas Daniloff, the American
correspondent arrested in
Moscow last month for alleged
spying and released last week in
exchange for a Soviet spy held by
U.S. authorities and for promi-
nent Soviet dissident Yuri Orlov.
Alexander Goldfarb said:
"While we are gratified that Yuri
Orlov, a great human rights ac-
tivist, was released by the Soviets
following the release of Nicholas
Daniloff, and while we hope for
the release of my father and many
other long time refuseniks, I want
to make this dear: We are not
fighting for individual tokens of
goodwill ... but for the intrinsic
rights of human beings to live in
the country of their choice.
"When the free world accepts
tokens of goodwill instead of
demanding the fundamental
human right to live where one
chooses, it condones a modern
form of the slave trade and that is
profoundly disappointing and
tasteful to us."
Hier, who made the announce-
ment at a press conference, said
the Center's recent discovery of a
new source of information on
Nazis who fled Europe after
World War II and settled in
various countries around the
world marked "the beginning of a
new age in the search for Nazi war
criminals.''
Although Hier would not be
specific about how or where the
Center gained access to the data,
he did say that based on the new
information, the Center will be
able to turn over lists of 3,000 to
5,000 names of Nazi war criminals
who are living in various countries
to the governments within the
next six months.
The Australian government has
informed the Wiesenthal Center
that it will investigate the lists.
Hier said.
The initial list of 40 names, ac-
cording to Hier, identifies
primarily Latvian and Lithuanian
collaborators who had not chang-
ed their identities after leaving
Eastern Europe. He said the war
criminals from this region retain-
ed their names because the Berlin
Documentation Center, an exten-
sive archive on Nazi war criminals
and collaborators, lacks records of
Latvian and Lithuanian
collaborators.
Yariv, director of the Jaffee
Center, noted the continued
growth of Arab armies, further
diversification of their sources of
supply, and the improved quality
of Arab weapons.
THERE IS almost no weapons
system possessed by the Israel
Defense Forces that the Arabs do
not have as well, he said. Further,
the buildup of the Arab armies has
come at a time when economic cir-
cumstances have dictated major
cutbacks in Israel's defense
budget.
The most significant military
expansion has occurred in Iraq,
which since the outbreak of its
war with Iran has increased its
ground forces from 12 to 33 divi-
sions and has acquired huge
numbers of tanks, planes, and
helicopters.
But the only real threat to Israel
at present comes from Syria, Gen.
Yariv said. Since 1982, the Syrian
army has increased by 50 percent
and now consists of half a million
regular troops and 250,000
reserves. Syrian capacity for a
surprise attack has been
strengthened by the acquisition of
sophisticated missile systems and
the possibility of concentrating
troops between Damascus and the
Golan Heights.
SINCE ISRAEL has a relative-
ly small standing army and is
dependent on its reserve forces,
which take time to mobilize, it
must remain in a state of high
alert against the possibility of a
surprise attack by Syria, Gen.
Yariv warned. However, he said
he did not view such an attack as
imminent, and added that Syria
has not yet reached its goal of
"strategic parity" with Israel.
S. Africa Israelis
Seen Returning
JERUSALEM (JTA) -
About 200 Israelis living in South
Africa returned to Israel over the
past few months, and a larger
number is expected to return in
the near future, the Absorption
Ministry reports. About 15,000
Israelis live in South Africa, and
the Ministry has sent represen-
tatives to Cape Town and Johan-
nesburg to encourage them to
return. Ministry officials said the
yordim are motivated by the in-
creasing violence in South Africa
and better employment oppor-
tunities in Israel.
FAU Awards Music Scholarships
To Palm Beach County Students
Eleven Florida Atlantic Univer-
sity students have received
scholarships from the Department
of Music to study vocal and in-
strumental music for the 1986-87
academic year.
Sandi Friedman of Jupiter
received the Esther B. Griswold
Scholarship for piano, Chamber
Music, Accompanist.
Wildflower Golf Tournament
The Wildflower in Boca Raton is
sponsoring an amateur golf tour-
nament for Diabetes Research In-
stitute at Deer Creek County
Club, 2801 Country Club Blvd. in
Deerfield Beach to benefit the
Diabets Research Institute at the
University of Miami School of
Medicine.
A buffet and awards ceremony
will be held after the Tournament
at The Wildflower in Boca Raton.
Entry fee is $65.
Call DRI's Broward office at
946-7785 for information.
On the positive side, Gen. Yariv
noted that the Arab world is divid-
ed at present and that Egypt has
remained faithful to its peace
treaty with Israel. It was unlikely,
he added, that the Arab armies
could maintain their present
growth rates, since they were
dependent on the now steadily
shrinking supply of petrodollars.
Dr. Mark A. Heller, deputy
director of the Jaffee Center and
editor of the Balance, said that the
most important development in
the region this year had been the
decline in "strategic ner-
vousness." Israel's withdrawal
from Lebanon had removed the
most immediate source of conflict
between Israel and Syria, while
Iraq's military buildup had led to a
more even balance of power with
Iran.
GIVEN THE decline in super-
power interest and involvement in
the area, the Middle East is more
stable today than it has been dur-
ing the previous three years, Dr
Heller concluded.
The Middle East Military
Balance is written by Dr. Heller
Aharon Levran and Zeev Eytan
It has been published annually
since 1983. The survey includes a
review of the major strategic
developments in the region during
1984 and 1985, an inventory of
armed forces in the area, and an
analysis of various local military
balances.
Director Named
LONG BEACH, Calif. (JTA)
Sandi Goldstein has become ex-
ecutive director of the Jewish
Federation of Greater Long
Beach and West Orange County.
Sitting left, to right: Bernice Fink-Yovel, Lee Newman-Aviva
Boca, and Gloria Greenfield-Maarix Boca. Standing left to right:
Florence Sharpe-Z'Hava West Palm Beach, Dorothy Mofson
Kaye-President Florida Atlantic Region, Fran Chassen-
Menachem Begin Delray, Lillian Schack-Shalom West Palm
Beach.
Sitting tefl to right: Helen Turbowitz-Lee Vassil, Sylvia Beck
Henrietta Szold, Etta KUin-Aviva Lake Worth, Helyn Berger-
Shira Delray. Standing left to right: Fran Alter-Atid Boca, Dor-
thy Mofson Kaye-Fhrida Atlantic Region President, Frances
Rose-Tikvah West Palm Beach, Mae Markowitz-Shalom Delray,
and Sandra Newmark-Sabra Boca Raton. Honorees not present:
Blanche Schulman-Aliya Lake Worth, Ida Feldman-Ben Gurion
Delray, Evelyn Plesser-Chai Lake Worth, May Satloff-Golda
Meir Boynton, Fhrence Cook-Kadima Greenacres, Frances
Freiman-Tamar, Esther Kantrowitz-West Boynton.
Florida Atlantic Region of
Hadassah to Honor Women
On Behalf of Israel Bonds
Hadassah's Annual Israel Bond
Luncheon is scheduled for Oct. 29,
at The Royce Hotel in West Palm
Beach. "After last year's tremen-
dous success, we again decided to
honor one member of each par-
ticipating chapter," said Dorothy
Mufson Kay, Florida Atlantic
Region president. "The response
of our women was so spec-
tacular," added Claire Braun,
Florida Atlantic Region Vice
President, "that there could be no
other choice but to honor each
chapter's special woman."
Sitting on the honorees' dais
will be 21 women whose dedica-
tion to Hadassah and partnership
with Israel will be toasted bv ap-
proximately 500 women who will
attend this event.
Reservations may be made
through the individual chapters or
by calling the Bond Office in
North County at 686-8611, or
South County at 368-9221. "No
bond purchase is necessary to at-
tend, but we sincerely hope
everyone will be moved by the
speaker, Alice Peerce, and their
love for their honoree that they
will invest in the future of Israel,
said Gert Saxe, South County
Chairman. "An investment in
Israel," added Myra Ohrenstine,
North County Chairman, is a part-
nership in the future of our
people."


Friday, October 10, 1986/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 7
London Times Says Israel
Has 200 Nukes At Dimona
Beverly Sills, general director of the New York
City Opera, and Dr. Isadore Rosenfeld,
Clinical Professor of Medicine at Cornell
Medical College, are honored by the American
Society for Technion Women's Division at its
annual Medical Engineering Program Lun-
cheon held at Maxim's in Manhattan.
Women's Division Co-President Ramie J.
Silbert chaired the event which raised over
$125,000 for Technion's Gerontological
Research Center. Shown here are left to right
Dr. Rosenfeld, Beverly Sills, Ramie J. Silbert,
Technion President Dr. Josef Singer, and
ATS Women's Division Director Florence
Cohen.
Netanyahu Says
Arabs 'Fuel' S. Africa Economy
NEW YORK Benjamin
Netanyahu, Israel's Ambassador
to the United Nations, last week
charged Arab countries with
"fueling" South Africa's economy
by clandestinely supplying South
Africa with virtually all of its oil
needs.
Speaking at an American
Jewish Congress luncheon at the
Pierre Hotel here, he reported
that Arab oil exports to South
Africa totaled almost $8 billion in
the last six years. This year an
estimated $2 billion in oil from the
Persian Gulf alone will be shipped
secretly to South Africa.
ISRAEL'S TRADE with South
Africa annually constitutes about
$100 million, leas than half of one
percent of South Africa's total
trade and about three-fourths of
one percent of Israel's total
exports.
Netanyahu suggested that the
Arabs have been engaged in a
cover-up of their illegal oil
shipments by launching a pro-
paganda campaign against Israel.
Information uncovered in the
Shipping Research Bureau of
Amsterdam and Lloyd's Voyage
Records showed that approx-
imately 27 million metric tons of
crude oil shipped to South Africa
from 1980 through the first
quarter of 1986 originated in the
Arab states and Iran.
CITING THE Arab campaign
of "slander against Israel," in
which they accused Israel of sup-
porting apartheid, Ambassador
Netanyahu said that "Israel can-
not merely resist the lies, it must
expose the liars because what the
Arabs are doing is accusing Israel
of the very practices they
themselves are guilty of."
During his discussion, Am-
bassador Netanyahu revealed that
contacts between Israel and black
African countries allegedly hostile
to Israel are taking place. He at-
tributed the change on the part of
Black Africa to the "decline of
Arab oil power which has created
the opportunity for many African
countries to identify the value to
them of renewed contacts with
Israel." He noted that a Black
African diplomat whom he did not
identify had told him: "We are no
longer afraid of (the Arabs), and
we no longer believe their
promises."
Two weeks ago, Israel's
Foreign Minister Yitshak Shamir
met with several representatives
of African nations while visiting
the U.S., and public announce-
ment of renewed relations with
Israel is imminent, Ambassador
Netanyahu said.
"It is not enough to merely
break down the wall that extreme
radical enemies of Israel are try-
ing to put around us; you have to
build a wall around them," he
said.
AS AN EXAMPLE of this type
of offensive movement,
Netanyahu cited the recent case
of the President of the Congo
whose visit with President
Reagan was cancelled after the
Foreign Minister of the Congo
stood up in the UN and equated
Israel and South Africa with Nazi
Germany.
Subsequently, the President of
the Popular Republic of the Congo
apologized for this remark. "This
is the first time I can remember in
the history of the campaign
against Israel," Ambassador
Netanyahu remarked, "that one
of the vilifiers actually made a
public retraction and paid a price
for vilifying Israel."
WASHINGTON (JTA)
The State Department
repeated Monday its long-
standing request that Israel
accept international
safeguards and inspection
for its nuclear facilities.
"We believe that regional
security will be enhanced if all
states in the region would adhere
to the nuclear non-proliferation
treaty," State Department deputy
spokesman Charles Redman said.
"We are concerned about the ex-
istence of unsafeguarded nuclear
facilities in Israel and made our
concern known to the government
of Israel."
REDMAN'S comments came
after he was asked about a report
in the London Sunday Times that
Israel has 200 nuclear warheads.
He would not comment on
whether the U.S. believes Israel
has any such warheads.
"Israel has stated that it will not
be the first state to introduce
nuclear weapons in the region,"
Redman said.
Premier Shimon Peres declared
at Sunday's Cabinet meeting that
Israel adheres to its long-standing
policy on nuclear weapons: "We
will not be the first to introduce
nuclear weapons into the area."
The Foreign Ministry issued an
identical statement.
Peres spoke in response to the
Sunday Times of London story
that Israel has produced up to 200
nuclear weapons at a secret
underground plant in the Negev.
Peres told the Cabinet that
Israel has frequently been faced
with sensational reports in the
world media relating to the
nuclear reactor at Dimona in the
Negev. There were no comments
from any of the Ministers and no
further discussion of the matter.
ACCORDING TO the Sunday
Times' report, which was headlin-
ed around the world. Israel's
nuclear weapons arsenal was
disclosed by Mordechai Vanunu, a
31-year-old nuclear technician
who worked at Dimona for 10
years before he was laid off with
180 Dimona workers last
November. Vanunu presently
lives in Australia.
If the Times' report were true.
Israel would rank sixth among the
world's nuclear powers.
Israel's Tennis
Team Beats
Swiss Stars
NEW YORK (JTA) Israel's
national tennis team defeated
host Switzerland 4-1 in the Davis
Cup European Zone B final last
week, moving Israel for the first
time into the 16-nation final round
of competition for the following
year's cup.
Most of the matches in the sur-
prise victory were lengthy and
hard-fought.
IF YOU'RE EATING A
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Page 8 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, October 10, 1986
Will Rotation By-Ways
Drive Peres 'Crazy'?
The Veranda Breakfast Club First Meeting
Continued from Page 5-
It is no secret that Shamir has
not been enthusiastic about many
of Peres' initiatives in the last two
years. In his search for "authentic
Palestinian representatives,"
Peres was prepared to overlook
the fact that virtually all promi-
nent Palestinians in the territories
declare that the PLO is their
legitimate representative. As long
as the individual was not known to
be engaged in terrorist activity or
hold an official position in the
PLO hierarchy, Peres was
prepared to talk with him.
Shamir's criteria are far less
liberal.
WHILE PERES attempted to
promote negotiations with Jor-
dan, Shamir is unlikely to pursue
this aim with the same vigor since
he is not prepared to offer Jordan
anything at least, not in terms
of territory. The two leaders also
disagree on the degree of interna-
tional participation in any future
negotiations.
Despite these differences in
outlook, neither party leader an-
ticipates any major change in
foreign policy. When asked, both
Peres and Likud Minister Moshe
Arena said that the ground rules
which govern the coalition agree-
ment do not allow for any sweep-
ing changes in policy which are
not agreeable to both parties. This
would rule out returning any part
of the territories, or at the other
extreme, annexing them.
If the religious parties expect
that Shamir's leadership will
spark a major revival in settle-
ment in the territories they are
probably in for a disappointment.
Under the coalition agreement,
six new settlements were to be
established each year. This
schedule has not been adhered to
because of lack of funds. The
financial situation is going to get
worse, not better, according to
Labor's Economic Development
Minister Gad Ya'acobi. Oil prices
will not remain low for long and
the U.S. emergency economic aid,
which has been maintaining
Israel's foreign currency
reserves, is coming to an end.
Under these circumstances, it is
doubtful that Likud's finance
minister will authorize increased
expenditure on settlement.
"IN ANY CASE we are in a
position to block any major new
settlement drive or any move
towards annexing the territories,
just as they have been in a position
to block any major peace initiative
by Peres over the past two
years," says Yaacobi, adding
cynically that it is not the rotation
that will cause a paralysis in the
peace process, but that paralysis
set in during the first two years of
the national unity government
it is built into the agreement.
A less jaded view, voiced by
Soviets Ask
For Wiesel
WASHINGTON (JTA) The
Soviet Union has invited Elie
Wiesel, chairman of the U.S.
Holocaust Memorial Council, to
visit the USSR from Oct. 20
through Nov. 2 to meet with Rus-
sian scholars and archivists on the
fate of millions of non-Jewish
Serbs, Ukrainians, Poles, Czechs,
Russian soldiers and others killed
in Nazi concentration camps dur-
ing World War n.
The meetings in Moscow are to
prepare for a conference spon-
sored by the Memorial Council at
the State Department on
February 20, 1987, on non-Jewish
victims of the Nazis. Wiesel will
also gather information for the
U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
being built in Washington.
arens, is that Shamir will more or
less continue where Peres left off
and that any changes will be ones
of style and not substance.
In addition to the exchange of
posts between Peres and Shamir,
there may be a reshuffling of
ministers, but it will not affect the
balance of power between the par-
ties. The coalition agreement
stipulates that all portfolios must
remain in the same party hands,
although the individual heading
the ministry may change. So, for
instance, in the economic port-
folios, the Likud will continue to
head the Treasury, while Labor
will have control of the Economic
Development Ministry. But
Economic Development Minister
Yaacobi could theoretically be
replaced by another Labor
minister, just as current Treasury
head Moshe Nissim could see his
post filled by another Likud
member, possibly Modai again.
THIS, in fact, is the only in-
dividual appointment likely to pro-
voke any major controversy.
Peres, who forced Modai's
resignation first from the Finance
Ministry, and then, the Justice
Ministry, would consider it a viola-
tion of the agreement were
Shamir to return him to any
cabinet post. But the highly am-
bitious leader of the Liberal Party
is not likely to settle for a back
seat in the government, nor is
Shamir likely to give in on this
when he holds the reigns of
power.
The only post specifically
guaranteed to an individual, and
not a party, is the Defense
Ministry, which will stay with
Labor's Yitzhak Rabin.
One appointment that may
result in a significant policy shift
is that of Deputy Foreign Minister
Ronnie Milo, who is likely to
replace Ezer Weizman as deputy
minister in the P.M.'s office
responsible for Israeli Arabs. This
report was received with dismay
by prominent Israeli Arabs. Milo
is a hawk who frequently criticizes
Weizman for being too con-
ciliatory towards the Arabs.
WHEN WEIZMAN recently
proposed that the army's con-
troversial "training area number
9" in the Galilee be broken up, and
those parts belonging to Arab
farmers be restored to them, an
angry Milo quipped that Weizman
had assumed the role of
"redeemer of Arab land."
Moreover, Milo proposes to
reestablish the office of Prime
Minister's adviser on Arab affairs
which was abolished under
Weizman.
Most Israeli Arabs had welcom-
ed the abolition of the post which
in their eyes was symbolic of the
patronizing attitude the Israeli
establishment holds towards the
Arab citizen.
Other changes in deputy
ministers are not expected to trig-
ger any major changes.
As for the main swap, the Prime
Minister's post, a source close to
Peres says his most outstanding
achievement in the past two years
has been to act as a healer. "He in-
herited a divided society, an
economy in ruins, an army bogged
down in a pointless and demoraliz-
ing war in Lebanon. The peace
process was in total deadlock, and
the international standing of
Israel was problematical, to put it
mildly. He stabilized the economy,
got the army out of Lebanon,
opened the door to peace and im-
proved Israel's international stan-
ding. This government is popular
because the public wants
stability."
The irony is that the very same
desire for stability is what is likely
to keep Shamir in power for the
next two years.
Israel Scene
They served information and a
continental breakfast for 27 at the
first meeting of The Veranda
Breakfast Club. The Club, which
will meet every third Friday of
each month, features classes, lec-
tures and seminars on topics of in-
terest to the citizens of Boca
Raton.
The first Breakfast Club
meeting held Sept. 18, featured
information on the new tax pro-
posals, the current investment
picture and alternative in-
vestments for the balance of the
80's. Thomas B. Blum of Pruden-
tial Bache Securities conducted
the seminar.
The next meeting of the
Breakfast Club is scheduled for
Oct. 17,10 a.m.-noon. The subject
will be Medicare and medical
claims problems and pending
legislative action. The featured
guest will be Norman Embree,
Director of Patient Advocates,
Inc. Those interested in attending
can call The Veranda Club in Boca
Raton at 368-2122.
Instead of serving the same old thing this Shabbos, why not try Ronzoni1* pasta? Your
family will be delighted as they spin their forks and soak up their sauce with any one of
our 70 shapes and varieties. All made to our exacting standards with 100% durum wheat
semolina for unsurpassed taste and texture.
Ronzoni is not only good for Shabbos, its good for you. Made of completely natural
ingredients, our pasta has no cholesterol and no added salt whatsoever. And, of course,
it's absolutely Kosher and Parve.
So start a new tradition this Shabbos with Ronzoni No pasta shapes up better.

Kosher
Parve
r
EGGPLANT CASSEROLE
V? package (8 oz.) RONZONI* Rigati,
Rigatoni or Mostaccioli
V; cup all-purpose flour
Va teaspoon salt
Vt teaspoon pepper
V? cup black pitted olives, sliced
1 Vfc lbs. (large) eggplant, trimmed, peeled,
sliced % inch thick
y* cup vegetable oil
1 jar (32 oz.) spaghetti sauce
% cup finely chopped onion
12 ounces mozzarella cheese, shredded
3 tablespoons grated Parmesan cheese
Cook pasta according to package directions for 12 minutes; drain and reserve. Combine flour, salt
and pepper and dredge eggplant slices. Saute eggplant in 2 tbsps. of oil until lightly browned on both
sides, add oil as needed. Drain eggplant on paper towels. Add onions and saute until tender. Using a
13x9-inch baking dish, add Vt cup spaghetti sauce,'/? of the pasta, then'/? of the eggplant. Top with
onions and olives. Pour half the remaining sauce over the layers, then sprinkle with % of the
mozzarella and 1"? tbsps. Parmesan cheese. Layer remaining pasta, eggplant, sauce and cheeses.
Cover with foil and bake at 350' for 30 minutes, then uncover and bake for 10 minutes. Let stand 10
minutes. Cut and serve. Makes 8 servings.
Ronzoni Sono Buoni.
'1988 Ganaral Food! Corporation


Friday, October 10, 1986/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 9
U.S. Says SDI Can Also Defend
Against Small Missiles
Symbolicpapers are passed as the West Point
Jewish Chapel is formally transferred to the
U.S. Government in ceremonies on the
Chapel'8 grounds at the nation's military
academy. Lt. Gen. Dave R. Palmer,
superintendent of the U.S. Military Academy,
West Point
accepts the gift from Herbert M. Ames, presi-
dent of the West Point Jewish Chapel Fund.
The $7.5 million Jewish Chapel was presented
free and clear of any debt, but the Fund is still
obligated for less than $l-million. It expects to
raise these funds by year-end.
Takes Over New Jewish Chapel
WEST POINT, N.Y. -
The United States Govern-
ment received a special gift,
a synagogue, as ownership
of the West Point Jewish
Chapel was formally
transferred as a gift from
the private, non-profit
group that funded construc-
tion of the temple.
A colorful military ceremony
was held to mark the occasion in
which the U.S. Military
Academy's Cadet Honor Guard
and U.S. Military Academy Band
participated. Cadets, faculty and
staff filled the audience for the
festivities held on the premises of
the Jewish Chapel.
Lt. Gen. Dave R. Palmer,
superintendent of the Military
Academy, accepted the gift on
behalf of the Secretary of the Ar-
my, John 0. Marsh, Jr.
"THE JEWISH Chapel, taking
its place alongside the Protestant
and Catholic Chapels, emphasizes,
for the world to witness, the
source of strength and greatness
of our democracy, Herbert M.
Ames, president of the West
Point Jewish Chapel Fund, stated.
The gift of the temple to the
U.S. government is the culmina-
tion of a nearly 20-year-long ef-
fort. The Chapel was first opened
for baccalaureate graduation ser-
vices in the spring of 1985. Addi-
tional details of the building, in-
cluding the Sanctuary's "Ten
Commandment Windows" and
the Ark Curtain, have recently
been completed and installed.
Speaker at the ceremonies was
Marty Silverman, an officer of the
West Point Jewish Chapel Fund,
who is president and founder of
North American Corporation, a
private, New York-based
computer-leasing organization.
THE WEST POINT Jewish
Chapel Fund presented the
Chapel to the government free
and clear of any debts. The Fund,
however, is still obligated for less
than $l-million of the $7.5-million
cost to build and furnish the
Chapel. It will continue its fund-
raising efforts, which it expects to
complete this year.
"To the Jewish community at
West Point, the Chapel serves a
wide number of religious and com-
munity functions. To new Jewish
Cadets, it serves as an inviting
welcome, and it serves to
enlighten the wider public as to
the role Jewish Americans have
played and continue to play in this
great country's defense and
statesmanship," Ames told the
audience.
Continued from Page 1
ed Syria with the highly-accurate
SS-21 missile which can hit
Israel's population centers, as
well as military targets.
Abrahamson said that Israel
must stop a missile "not in the last
few seconds when it goes off over
that tiny country ... The best
place to stop it is as soon as possi-
ble right after it's launched.
There is a popular misconcep-
tion that SDI is aimed at pro-
viding the United States with an
"umbrella" gainst ICBMs,
Abrahamson said. But he said the
program is aimed to find "an ef-
fective defense against ballistic
missiles of all ranges" to protect
the U.S. and its allies, including
Israel.
He stressed that the overall aim
is to "incorporate a defensive
strategy into our overall strategy
in such a way as to prevent a
nuclear war on a worldwide
scale." Both Abrahamson and
Gaffney said that the Soviet
Union has been working on an
SDI for years and now has the on-
ly operational anti-ballistic missile
system.
ABRAHAMSON noted that a
satellite warning system would
not only alert the U.S. to attack-
ing ICBMs but also West Europe
and Israel to short-range missiles.
He noted it will be easier to res-
pond against short-range missiles
because of the lesser distance
although there will be less time
than against ICBMs.
The U.S. invited 18 countries to
participate in the SDI research,
and on May 16 Israeli Defense
Minister Yitzhak Rabin and U.S.
Defense Secretary Caspar
Weinberger signed at the Pen-
tagon a memorandum of
understanding on Israel's
participation.
The memorandum gives Israel
the right to compete with the
other participating countries and
the U.S. for SDI research con-
tracts. Abrahamson said two con-
tracts have been signed with
Israel and three more are ex-
pected to be signed soon for a
total of about $10 million.
NOTING THAT he has had
years of personal experience deal-
ing with Israel, Abrahamson had
high praise for its scientific know-
how. "There are more technically
qualified people, scientists and
engineers in Israel per 1,000 peo-
ple in the population than
anywhere on earth," he said.
He added that the Israelis are
not only creative, but have the
"capability to respond quickly,"
something which he said the U.S.
must learn.
Smuklers Cited
PHILADELPHIA (JTA) -
Constance and Joseph Smukler,
founders of the Soviet Jewry
Council of the Jewish Community
Relations Council of Greater
Philadelphia, have received the
Mellon Bank Gocd Neighbor
Award.
Israel Air Force Jets Raid
Terrorist Bases in Lebanon
By HUGH ORGEL
TEL AVTV (JTA) Israel Air Force jets raided ter-
rorist bases northeast of Tripoli in northern Lebanon Mon-
day morning. A military spokesman said hits were scored
on the targets and all aircraft returned safely to their
bases.
THE TARGETS were further north than any hit by
Israeli air raids in the past, in an area of Lebanon about 10
miles from the Syrian border known to be effectively under
Syrian control.
The main target was described as headquarters serving
two dissident groups of the Palestine Liberation Organiza-
tion opposed to Yasir Arafat. The raid was described as a
routine operation to disrupt terrorist plans.
BEIRUT RADIO reported Monday that eight Israeli
aircraft attacked buildings used by the Syrian National
Socialist Party in three villages in the Akka region of nor-
thern Lebanon.
The targets were said to be protected by Syrian-based
SAM-2 and SAM-6 missiles, but none was fired at the at-
tackers. The Syrian national Socialist Party specializes in
car bombings and suicide attacks in south Lebanon and in
the south Lebanon security zone, according to Israeli
sources.
"Covering my windows with
reflective film more than covers the cost
of running my microwave and food processor.
So why did FPL help me do it?"
FPL is encouraging everybody to manage their energy
efficiently because lowering peak demand delays
the need far new power plants an expense everyone
must share.
When you cover your windows and glass doors with
solar film, solar screens or qualifying awnings and shut-
ters, you'll get less sun. And less sun means you'll use
less energy cooling your home, ftbull also protect your
furniture from fading.) lb encourage you to take mis
energy-saving step, well even pay part of the cost.
lb find out how to qualify for this incentive and
to get more information on energy management
in general, call our 24-hour toll free number,
1-800-821-7700.
FLORIDA POWER LIGHT COMPANY


Page 10 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, October 10,_1986
Jewish Extended Family Seen
Threatened by 'Acrimony'
Continued from Page 1
Jewish education and seeking
a more just American society."
". .. the educational pro-
grams of each movement should
stress... the factors that unite all
Jews and promote mutual
respect."
"... encouraging and foster-
ing those who promote understan-
ding and cooperation among
Jews."
"... serious consideration for
a national beth din (Jewish
religious court) with local
branches..."
"As a general rule, before a
Jewish movement or organization
decides on a position or a policy
statement, it ssould consider the
effect on fellow Jews and on the
unity of the Jewish people."
The
dialogue
rabbinic.
convening of local
groups, both lay and
Israel, Greece
Eye Tourism
By JEAN COHEN
ATHENS (JTA) Greece
and Israel have agreed on a joint
program to promote American
tourism to both countries, Kostas
Kyriazis, president of the Greek
National Tourist Office EOT, an-
nounced here after a visit to
Israel.
He said it would include Greek-
Israeli package tours utilizing the
two countries' national airlines,
Olympic Airways and El Al. and a
joint publicity campaign to be
launched next year. The expenses
will be shared equally by the two
countries.
Kyriazis said the agreement was
reached in talks he had with the
heads of the Israel Tourist
Organization (ITO) in Israel. He
said the Israel government show-
ed great interest in the planned
program. Details will be announc-
ed at a press conference in New
York at the end of the month by
representatives of the EOT and
ITO. Kyriazis said tour operators
would have time to prepare their
tour packages by the end of the
year.
LOCAL AJC chapters nation-
wide reportedly are organizing
task forces similar to the one that
produced the statement.
Jewish leaders have traded
criticism over the past few years
over questions of Jewish identity.
Traditionally, that identity is
transmitted through the mother
or conversion.
However, the Reform move-
ment believes that either parent
can transmit Jewish identity.
Moreover, conversions performed
by Reform and Conservative rab-
bis aren't accepted by some Or-
thodox rabbis. And the Reform
movement accepts a civil decree
of divorce as sufficient, while Or-
thodox and Conservative Jews re-
quire also a get (Jewish divorce).
These disagreements all con-
tribute to an increasing number of
children considered Jewish by
some Jews, but not by others.
Some leaders believe this could
cause a rupture of the Jewish
people.
ONE OF them, Rabbi Irving
Greenberg, last month announced
a program of dialogue and educa-
tion sponsored by his National
Jewish Center for Learning and
Leadership to attempt to settle
these same disputes.
The 19 AJCommittee
signatories were members of na-
tional organizations and educa-
tional institutions of Conser-
vative, Orthodox, Reconstruc-
tionist and Reform Judaism as
well as Jewish umbrella
organizations.
Among them were Stuart
Eizenstat, a former assistant to
President Carter and member of
the board of United Synagogue of
America; Jacob Stein, former
special assistant to President
Reagan and past chair of the Con-
ference of Presidents of Major
American Jewish Organizations;
and Alfred Moses, an AJCommit-
tee national vice president and a
former special adviser to Carter.
Their statement stemmed from
their belief that Jews have "a
common history and a common
destiny ... And we share the
knowledge that the anti-Semites
do not distinguish one kind of
Jews from another."
AJCommittee staff member
Larry Grossman said lay leaders
were invited rather than rabbis
because the latter "tend to reflect
institutional interests" while "we
felt that lay people might have a
more objective way of looking at
these issues, more down to
earth."
vl I fl F jV mm mm s^sw. t- sW AT si
Temerson Foundation of Birmingham makes
a $15,000 grant to the University of Alabama cond from right), general editor of the series,
W\ & a V__J ClA__J_" .^ a------. u J If < I a fv I MM II nu >> M J rl t ft nt n n i-> Tin DAaB
Press in support of its Judaic Studies series.
Harry Asman (second from left) of the Foun-
dation Committee is shown presenting the
check to UA President Dr. Joab Thomas.
Shown also are Dr. Leon J. Weinberger (se-
and Malcolm McDonald, director ofUA Press.
The nationally-acclaimed series in Judaic
Studies will issue its 18th volume later in the
fall on 'Nahum Goldman, His Mission to the
Gentiles,' by Raphael Patai.
Reagan Aide
Calls Demjanjuk Justice 'Victim'
By MARGIE OLSTER
NEW YORK (JTA) -
Patrick Buchanan, White
House director of com-
munications and a long-
standing critic of the Justice
Department's Office of
Special Investigations
(OSI), has published a col-
umn contending that John
Demjanjuk is "a victim
himself of a miscarriage of
iustice," and his case may
be "the American Dreyfus
case."
Demjanjuk, 66, was indicted in
Jerusalem last Monday (Sept. 29)
on four counts of war crimes and
is accused of being "Ivan the Ter-
rible," a sadistic guard at the
Treblinka concentration camp
where some 900,000 Jews were
lolled.
Buchanan, in his column, wrote
that after a thorough review of
the facts of the Demjanjuk case,
he believes the accused man is a
victim of mistaken identity.
BUCHANAN'S column ap-
peared in the Washington Post
and carried a footnote saying the
article expressed his personal
views and not those of the Ad-
ministration. He detailed the
history of the Demjanjuk case and
cited what he claimed were
numerous testimonies of
Religious Parties
Playing for New Power Roles?
Continued fro Page 5
the larger Agudat Israel announc-
ed its intention of leaving the
coalition, but has so far failed to
carry out that threat. The two,
both ultra-Orthodox, have accused
the main coalition parties of lack
of sympathy and understanding
for the feelings of the religious
public.
In fact, the entire religious lob-
by in the Knesset charges that
Eublic violations of the Sabbath
sve become more widespread of
late. Members cite Haifa's cable
car and movie houses, the Heichal
cinema in Petah Tikva, and
numerous places of entertainment
in Tel Aviv, all of which operate
during the Sabbath. The religious
lobby is also disappointed over the
failure of the Knesset to pass the
controversial "Who is a Jew"
amendment to the Law of Return,
as well as other measures of
religious legislation.
In the secular parties there is a
deep-rooted skepticism about
threats from the religious part-
ners to leave the coalition. There
have been so many. However,
even if there are more defections
during the two years of Shamir's
premiership, this will not
necessarily mean the fall of the
government.
THIS CAN happen only if the
religious parties defect en bloc, in
collaboration with the Labor
Alignment. Anything is possible
in Israeli politics, but so far the
fragmented religious camp has
never shown that degree of unity.
Moreover, in order to muster a
bare majority, a narrow coalition
would have to include the left-
wing opposition parties. Mapam
and the Citizens Rights Move-
ment, which would categorically
oppose any more concessions on
the religious front.
For the religious bloc, the Likud
is a much more congenial partner
than the left-wing. Much of the
religious camp reflects Likud's
more hawkish views on foreign af-
fairs, defense and the future of
the West Bank and Gaxa Strip.
As for the two ultra-Orthodox
parties, Shas and Agudat Israel,
they will leave the coalition if they
are ordered to do so by their
respective spiritual mentors, the
Council of Torah Wise Men and
the Council of Torah Sages. Until
now these two bodies have shown
a great deal of political sagacity.
In spite of their dissatisfaction,
they may well decide that the beat
course for the religious camp in
the next two years is to remain in
the national unity government.
Itrael Scene
Treblinka survivors who all gave
identical accounts of a revolt in
Treblinka in which a prisoner
fatally stabbed a man identified as
"Ivan" in 1943.
In an unprecedented case, the
U.S. extradited Demjanjuk to
Israel in February to stand trial
for Nazi war crimes and stripped
him of his U.S. citizenship. Dem-
janjuk was a retired auto
mechanic for the Ford Motor Co.,
in Cleveland, Ohio.
Demjanjuk has claimed since
the outset of the proceedings
against him that he is innocent
and served as a Ukrainian con-
script in the Red Army who was
later captured by the Germans.
After spending time in POW labor
camps, Demjanjuk said he served
in the "Vlasow Army" in a Ukrai-
nian, anti-Soviet unit which
defended Prague during a Russian
advance.
BUT THOSE who prosecuted
Demjanjuk in the United States,
namely the former head of the
OSI, Alan Ryan, Jr., alleged that
Demjanjuk never went to a POW
camp but instead defected to the
Nazi side and became a guard out-
side the Treblinka gas chamber
who bludgeoned men with a six-
foot metal pipe and mutilated
women and children on their way
to the gas chambers.
The prosecution's case in Israel
hinges on the positive identifica-
tion by Treblinka survivors of a
photograph of Demjanjuk from a
document provided by the Soviet
government during the pro-
ceedings in the U.S. Buchanan
said the Soviets fabricated the
document, an old identity card.
Meanwhile the Cleveland Plain
Dealer reprinted Buchanan's col-
umn after a Ukrainian church
group mounted a support cam-
paign for Demjanjuk in that city.
BarI Bat Mitzvah
MELISSA GREEN
On Saturday, Oct. 11, Melissa
Green, daughter of Jeanne and
Jay Green, will be called to the
Torah at Temple Beth El of Boca
Raton as a Bat Mitzvah.
Melissa is an 8th grade student
at Boca Raton Academy and at
tends the Temple Beth El
Religious School.
Family members sharing in the
Simcha are her sister, liana, and
grandparents; Irma and Milt
Green of Tamarac, Zadok Saat of
Queens, New York, and great-
grandmother, Ruthie Leventhal
of Tamarac.
Mr. and Mrs. Green will host a
Kiddush in Melissa's honor follow-
ing Havdalah services.
JAY SCHOENFELDT
On Saturday, Oct. 11, Jay Evan
Schoenfeldt, son of Alyse and Jef-
frey Schoenfeldt, will be called to
the Torah at Temple Beth El of
Boca Raton.
Jay is an 8th grade student at
Boca Raton Middle School and at-
tends the Temple Beth El
Religious School.
Family members sharing in the
Simcha are his brother, Brad and
grandparents, Dr. and Mrs. Hal
Lesser of Pompano Beach and Mr.
and Mrs. Lee Schoenfeldt of Coral
Spimgs.
Mr. and Mrs. Schoenfeldt will
host Kiddush in Jay's honor
following Shabbat morning
services.
Shamir To Take Helm from Peres
When Rotation Completed Tuesday
TEL AVIV (JTA) Premier Shimon Peres said last
week that he will submit his resignation to PreJdent Chaim
Herzog on Friday so that Foreign Minister Yitzhak Shamir
can take office as Prime Minister on Oct. 14, the date set by
the Labor-Likud rotation of power agreement.
PERES EXPLAINED to high school students in
Hadera that Oct. 10 is the latest he can resign because the
11th is a Sabbath, the 12th is Kol Nidre night and the 13th
is Yom Kippur. Therefore he will call on Herzog a week Fri-
day so that the President can ask Shamir to form a govern-
ment immediately after the holidays.
According to Israeli practice, the entire Cabinet
resigns with the Prime Minister. Peres said discussions
would be held this week on the allocation of portfolios in the
new national unity government.


Reticent
Friday, October 10, 1986/The Jewish Floridian of South County Page 11
If Shamir Is Secretive, He's Also Patient
Continued from Page 5
assassination of United Nations
observer, the Swedish Count
Folke Bernadotte, who had come
to the Middle East in 1948 to im-
plement a plan for the interna-
tionalization of Jerusalem. In fact,
it has often been rumored that
Shamir himself was directly in-
volved in the incident.
After Israel gained its in-
dependence Shamir went into
private business. In 1955 he was
recruited by laser Harel, head of
the Mossad, Israel's main in-
telligence agency. Harel ap-
preciated Shamir's toughneas, ab-
solute discretion and solid
experience.
In 1969, Shamir joined
Menachem Begin's Herut Party
and was elected to the Knesset. In
a way the wheel had come full cir-
cle because the Lehi underground
was a splinter group which broke
away from Begin's Irgun Zva'i
Leumi. When Begin retired as
Prime Minister in 1983, Shamir
replaced him, serving until the
1984 elections when the national
unity government was set up.
The years have not mellowed
Shamir's hardline attitude to the
Middle East conflict. When the
Camp David Accord was submit-
ted to the Knesset for approval,
Shamir abstained, despite the fact
that it was his own leader, Begin,
who had negotiated the agree-
ment. Shamir did not join the
Likud rebels who broke away and
formed the far-right Tehiya Par-
ty, but he certainly shared their
basic premise that Begin had er-
red in giving up Sinai to Egypt.
IN THE LAST two years, as
Vice Premier in the national unity
government, Shamir has tended
to frown upon many of Shimon
Peres' diplomatic initiatives. In
Shamir's view, Peres' agreement
to "some kind of international ac-
companiment" to negotiations
between Israel and its Arab
neighbors smacks of the Arab and
Soviet demand for an interna-
tional conference, which Israel
has officially rejected.
Nor was Shamir enthusiastic
when Peres mooted the idea of
"unilateral autonomy," which was
later modified as "the delegation
of more responsibility" to Palesti-
nians in Judea and Samaria.
Similarly, talk of "Gaza first" -
the idea of granting autonomy to
the Gaza Strip in the hope that
West Bank Arabs would soon
follow garnered no support
from the Vice Premier.
In practice, very little came of
these proposals because the West
Bankers were unwilling or simply
afraid to cooperate with the
Orchestra's
50th Year
TEL AVTV (JTA) The
Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
(IPO) opened its 50th jubilee
season here and in Jerusalem last
week under the baton of the
American conductor and com-
poser Leonard Bernstein. The
IPO was created in 1986 by the
late virtuoso violinist Bronislav
Huberman. Its musicians were
refugees and exiles from Nazi
Germany and performed under
the baton of Arturo Toacanini.
The IPO returned to Israel two
weeks ago from what was describ-
ed as a highly-successful tour of
Europe and the U.S. Its opening
jubilee performance featured the
Jubilee Games Suite composed by
Bernstein especially for the
occasion.
Bernstein spent a week in Israel
shooting a documentary film com-
missioned by the IPO.
Israeli government or any
moderate Palestinians and insist
that the PLO is their sole
legitimate representative. Never-
theless, Shamir's only offer to the
Palestinians autonomy accor-
ding to the Likud's interpretation
of the Camp David Agreements
is scoffed at by even moderate
Palestinians.
If, as some say, the Peres years
were marked by initiatives which
achieved little concrete gain but
created a positive image for
Israel, the Shamir years may lack
even that. Unless Shamir deviates
from his declared policies, Israel
may lose much of the favorable
image she has gained in the inter-
national arena, and come to be
branded, once again, as
"intransigent."
IT IS AN open question
whether King Hassan of Morocco
would have invited the Israeli
Prime Minister to Ifrane had
Shamir been in office instead of
Peres. There are fears in the
Labor Party that efforts to "un-
freeze" relations with Egypt will
fizzle out once Shamir assumes
power. In Shamir's view, the ac-
tions of Arab leaders are deter-
mined by the situation within the
Arab world.
He believes that Egypt's rela-
tions with Israel are cool, despite
the Peres-Mubarak summit in
Alexandria several weeks ago, not
because of the Taba dispute or the
stalemate over the Palestinian
issue, but because Egypt is trying
to rebuid its bridges with Arab
countries and reestablish its posi-
tion as leader of the Arab world.
Therefore, in his view, further
Israeli concessions on any issue
will not produce the normalization
of relations that Israel is seeking.
Given such conditions, Shamir
believes Israel can do little but
wait for a change in inter-Arab
relations. Shamir is very good at
waiting. He is renowned for his
patience as he is for his reticence.
Israel Scene
uWgws j/iom Soca# /tganigations
Sitting left to right: Etta Klein, Aviva-Lake Worth; Gertrude
Saxe, Aviva-Boca Raton; Diana Levine, Yovel-West Palm Beach;
Claire Braum, Regional Vice President. Standing left to right:
Sylvia Ram, Treasurer; Blanche Perotta, Chai-Lake Worth;
Dorothy Mufson Kaye, Regional President; Henrietta Kalfin, Lee
VassiX; Lillian Percy, Shalom-West Palm Beach; Sarah Kenvin,
Regional Publicity. Chairmen not shown: Helen Smith, Aliya-
Lake Worth; Gloria Wagner, Cypress Lakes; Sydelle Goldenberg,
Golda Meir-Boynton; Minette Gross, Henrietta Szold; Estelle
Berger, Kadima-Green Acres; Edith Perlman, Lee VassU; Ida
Caplan, Tamar; Laura Landon, Tikvah-West Palm Beach;
Sarah Goldfarb, Z'Hava-West Palm Beach.
HADASSAH COMMITTEE
FOR BONDS
GATHERS FORCES
As the Oct. 29 date draws near,
the Hadassah Chapter chairmen
are feverishly collecting reserva-
tions for the annual luncheon to be
held at The Royce Hotel.
"Coordinating 500 women is no
easy task," commented Dorothy
Mufson Kay, Florida Atlantic
Region President, "especially for
the awesome job of Sylvia Ram,
Treasurer."
As the date draws nearer, ex-
citement builds as each chapter
reaches out to honor its own
special lady. Reservations should
be made through the chapter
chairman so that seating can be
pre-arranged.
NCJW PLANS
SUPER WEEKEND
National Council of Jewish
Women, South Point Section, is
planning a "Super Weekend" at
the Cape Coral Inn and Country
Club in Cape Coral, Florida on
Dec. 12, 13 and 14.
The cost of $115 per person dou-
ble occupancy includes breakfast
and dinner daily, dancing nightly,
a welcome cocktail party with
open bar, and swimming in a
heated pool.
For golfers, an extra cost of $20
includes green fees and electric
carts, bag storage and golf towels.
You are cordially invited to attend
KEVER ARVOT SERVICES
a memorial service on Sunday,
October 12 at 11 in the morning,
9321 Memorial Park Roadf
West Palm Beach.
Refreshments will be served
following the service.
fMenoiah i
^"^ Gardens and Funeral Chapels
7M miles west of 1-95 via the Northlake Boulevard Exit
For information, call 627-2277
For non-golfers, there will be
unlimited tennis, and a sightsee-
ing trip to the Edison Museum or
Sanibel Island. Reservations are
suggested as quickly as possible,
as they are going rapidly. For fur-
ther information, please call
499-3616 or 499-2320.
B'NAI B'RITH
JACOB LODGE No. 3246
Jacob Lodge No. 3246, B'nai
B'rith will hear reports from
delegates to the recent District 5,
and B'nai B'rith International
conventions at the Fall reunion
membership meeting, Tuesday,
Oct. 14 at 9:30 a.m. at the
American Savings Bank, West
Atlantic Avenue, adjacent to the
Kings Point Shopping Center.
A free, complimentary, boun-
tiful, bagel bedecked breakfast,
with coffee, will be served.
Members and non-members,
with their ladies, are cordially in-
vited to attend. For additional in-
formation, call Jack M. Levine at
498-1564.
NCJW
NEW MEMBERS COFFEE
The South Point Section of the
Boca/Delray area, National Coun-
cil of Jewish Women, has schedul-
ed a "New Members Coffee" on
Thursday, Oct. 16 at 9:30 a.m.
Everyone is welcome.
For further information, please
call 368-7506, 392-2784 or
391-9418.
Menorah/B'nai B'rith Seniors
Classic Set for Oct. 27 At Inverrary
course, with a location convenient
for many of the golfers who have
joined us year after year for the
competition," noted Oscar Golds-
tein, tournament director and
public relations director for
Menorah Gardens and Funeral
Chapels.
A $25 entry fee will cover
greens fees, cart rental, cold
drinks, prizes and souvenirs in-
cluding three Titleist golf balls per
player.
Registration for the tournament
is open, with information available
at any of the Menorah facilities in
North Miami Beach, Sunrise,
Margate, Deerfield or West Palm
Beach, or from any B'nai B'rith
office. For information call
Menorah at 935-3939 in Dade
County; 742-6000 in Broward, or
627-2277 in Palm Beach County.
The sixth annual Menorah/B'nai
B'rith Seniors Golf Classic is
scheduled for Monday, Oct. 27 at
Inverrary Country Club.
Open to men and women golfers
aged 55 and older, the tournament
will benefit B'nai B'rith Youth
Services, as it has since Menorah
Gardens and Funeral Chapels and
the B'nai B'rith Foundation of the
U.S. began sponsoring the event
in 1981. About $25,000 has been
raised in past tournaments to help
support B'nai B'rith Youth
Organizations, Hillel and Career
and Counseling activities.
The classic comes to Inverrary
for the first time this fall, and will
be played on the renowned east
course, where the prestigious In-
verrary Golf Classic was played
for many years. "It's a superb
OCTOBER "^^
DISCOUNT SPECIAC
(This Month Only)
CHAPEL MAUSOLEUM
CRYPTS FOR TWO
$2,368.25
(REG. $3,200)
Including
Opening/Closing,
Inscription, Documentary Stamps
SMenofih j
Gardens and Funeral Chapels
627-2277
9321 Memorial Park Road
7Yt Miles West of 1-95 via Northlake Blvd. Exit
Cemeteries Funeral Chapel* Mausoleum rVe-Neeil Planning


Page 12 The Jewish Floridian of South County/Friday, October 10, 1986
B'nai B'rith Sends Representative To Istanbul
By PAUL SHAW
London Chronicle Syndicate
One of the sights that
perplexed many of the
visitors and newsmen who
attended the funeral of the
Istanbul massacre victims
were the black kippot on the
heads of many of the
women.
The phenomenon was a pointer
to the unusual Jewiahness of this
tiny community (some 21,000 out
of a total population of 51 million)
caught in a matrix of cir-
cumstances which together make
its internal viability precarious.
Discussing the kippot, some of
us present came to the conclusion
that they were being worn out of
total unfamiliarity with local or
general custom in the belief by the
wearers that that was the ac-
cepted headgear for religious oc-
casions for Jews, whether male or
female.
INTERESTINGLY, the taxi-
driver who took me to Istanbul
airport on my return journey
thought that my kippa meant that
I was a Moslem cleric. This said a
lot, not only about his knowledge
of Jews and Judaism, but also,
despite the fact that he was a
Moslem, about his knowledge of
Moslems and Islam.
Turkey is a secular, Moslem
country. Under the still very
actively-revered national leader
and revolutionary, Kamal
Ataturk, the influence of the mos-
que was drastically cut back.
Turkey was secularized and
westernized.
Religious associations were for-
bidden. Only places of worship
were permitted, and their ac-
tivities were closely controlled. As
a result, after decades of this pro-
cess, Istanbul is Moslem, in very
much the same way that Tel Aviv
is Jewish.
The Jewish community, too,
was affected by this westernizing,
secularizing process. The crowds
at the Jewish cemetery could, in
their dress and their ambience,
have equally been the Jewish com-
munity of, say, Stanmore or Sa-
vion in their collective grief.
DISPLAYING many of the
same patterns of behavior and at-
titude, the Istanbul community
shows signs of undergoing the
same assunilatory process as did
Western European Jewry in the
late 19th Century.
At the Neve Shalom synagogue,
while the music is definitely
Eastern, the rabbis more fairly
elaborate canonicals. Western
fashion. At the funeral, the only
person to display Turkish-style
clothing was the Riahon Le-Zion,
the Israeli Sephardi Chief Rabbi,
who wears splendid robes and a
tarbush of Ottoman provenance.
There was also great emphasis on
procedure, ceremony and
decorum.
In conversation, the community
leaders stressed their individual
and corporate Turkish loyalty.
They adopted, almost without dis-
sent, the view of the government
that the synagogue massacre be
considered an entirely internal
Turkish affair. There was no con-
nection to other events in Rome,
Paris or Antwerp let alone
Ma'alot.
" In a country which strongly
discourages all association with
overseas groups and demands
strong national loyalty from its
citizens, the Jewish community
does not base its response on a
sense of shared Jewish destiny
and purpose with the worldwide
Jewish community. "What hap-
pened was an attack on Turkey
not primarily, an attack on the
Jews."
THUS FAR. But there are
already signs of other feelings
Paul Shaw, director of the
B'nai B'rith World Center in
Jerusalem, attended the
funeral in Istanbul as a
representative of B'nai B'rith
International.
stirring. Some voices within the
community were advocating
throwing off the traditional low
profile (the lower the healthier) of
the community and, for example,
advertising in the national
Turkish press for contributions
from their fellow countrymen
towards the support fund for the
bereaved families.
I heard one young girl student,
wearing a very fashionable
trouser-suit, being interviewed at
the cemetery by an overseas
television news team.
After insisting on donning a kip-
pa before filming began, she said,
in answer to the interviewer's
question suggesting that the at-
tack would make the community
afraid to acknowledge its
Jewishness publicly: "No, it has
made me question my roots and
made me want to learn more
about being Jewish." Both the ac-
tion and the sentiment were
significant.
If many believe as she does, and
as do those whose reaction tended
towards the (relatively) militant,
then the Turkish Jewish communi-
ty could face an internal struggle
in the near future between the
old, conservative forces and those
who have fired with a more ac-
tivist spirit. The government will
certainly favor the former.
EVEN WITH the immensely
dignified leadership of Chief Rab-
bi David Asaeo, who, only recently
bereaved by the loss of his wife,
rose bravely to the task of comfor-
ting an entire community, the
Istanbul community faces an
uncertain future. "We were in a
deep sleep. Suddenly we have
woken up," a leading community
leader said to me.
The Jewish resources of the
community have been drastically
depleted by aliya and emigration.
Many of the more intensively
Jewish community members have
left.
The film on Israeli TV news of
the memorial service to the vic-
tims held in the Turkish
synagogue in Bat Yam showed a
very different community from
those who gathered in the
cemetery in Istanbul. It will take a
movement of real will to make
that awakening last.
Put into the spotlight by appall-
ing tragedy, the Turkish Jewish
community is suddenly receiving
increased attention from many in-
ternational Jewish organizations.
It is, perhaps, part of a noticeable
concern in recent years by, par-
ticularly, American Jewry, in
isolated, small and dare one say
it? exotic Jewish communities.
IT IS easy to build such a rela-
tionship in time of crisis there is
no doubt that the presence of
representatives from other com-
munities and of major Jewish
organizations was of great com-
fort and importance to the
Turkish community.
The challenge for us (and them)
is to maintain those contacts,
structures and motivations when
the pressure is off.
Bomb Explodes in Athens
ATHENS (JTA) A bomb exploded in a building
housing the Central Jewish Board of Greece here early
Wednesday morning (Oct. 7) but police believe it was in-
tended for the Athens Workers Union which has offices in
the same building. The blast, at 3 a.m. local time, caused
minor damage. No one was hurt.
THE POLICE THEORY is based on the fact that two
other bombs exploded at about the same time at the offices
of the General Federation of Greek Workers and another
office of the Athens Workers Union. No group has claimed
responsibility for the bombings.
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