The Jewish Floridian of South County


Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of South County
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Added title page title:
Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
F.K. Shochet.
Place of Publication:
Boca Raton, Fla


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Boca Raton (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Boca Raton


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Dec. 14, 1979)-
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44560186
lccn - sn 00229543
System ID:

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Jewish Floridian

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Full Text
^Jewisti Floridi3 in
Of South County
Serving Boca Raton, Defray Beach and Highland Beach___________
Volume 5-Number 30
Boca Raton, Florida Friday, Septmber 23,1963
Price 35 Cents
Shamir Gets Coalition Backing
An agreement to form a new
Israeli government, led by
Foreign Minister Yitzhak
Shamir, cleared the way for
prime Minister Menachem Begin
to present his formal resignation
to President Chaim Herzog.
Secluded for eight days In his
home. Begin, last Thursday Sept.
15, had a messenger deliver his
resignation to President Herzog.
Israeli Law concerning the
transition of power requires,
when u formal resignation is
received by the president, he is
obliged i" consult with Knesset
[action heads to determine who
can garner the backing of a
majority of the 120-member
parliament. President Herzog,
laced with an agreement signed
last week by six partners in the
government's ruling Likud
coalition to continue the 64-
member majority, Herzog is
expected to ask Shamir to form
Israel's next administration.
Shamir intends to invite the
Labor Party with its 56 op-
position votes to join a national
unity government.
If Labor refuses, all govern-
ment ministers presently serving
in Begin's cabinet would be
Shamir, the designated can-
didate for the prime minister's
post, will have 21 days to form a
The Knesset is curently in
recess and will not reconvene
until October. If no party is able
to form a government. President
Herzog turns to the Knesset,
which, by majority vote, passes
an election law. The earliest that
elections can be called, in the
unlikely assumption that Shamir
fails to get the majority vote, is
the spring of 1984. At the very
latest, elections with a new
government must be established
by June of 1985.
Deputy Prime Minister David
Levy, who lost out to Shamir, in
Herat Party's nomination of the
prime minister candidate, headed
Likud's negotiating team which
produced the coalition favoring
Shamir. Levy said the Likud's
six partners would enter the new
government under the terms of
existing coalition agreement that
forms the basis for ad-
ministration that had been put
together by Begin who has
headed the government, since
Sukkot Bouquet
Four Species Help
Beautify A Commandment
The Sukkot bouquet, as some
label it, of the lulav and etrog,
myrtle and willow branches,
represent one of the aspects of
our tradition known as hiddur
mitzvah beautifying a com-
mandment. We are encouraged
not just to perform the mitzvah
of the four species, which is
spelled out in Lev. 23:39-44, but
to find the most beautiful lulav
and etrog we can afford and
thereby amplify the joy of the
commandment through its aes-
thetic enhancement. Moreover,
the use of an Israeli etrog, in
particular, makes possible a
three fold linkage of an historical,
agricultural, and spiritual nature.
In ancient times the etrog was
ne of the best-known of the
ntrus fruits grown in the land of
Israel. Depictions of etrogim are
found on ancient coins and
pottery. Thus the modern usage
of the Israeli etrog worldwide is a
Perpetual reminder of the anti-
quity of this beautiful fruit of the
holy land.
Interestingly, it is only within
'his century that the cultivation
of the etrog in Palestine became
m sea and dry land." This bask
statement of faith is important
**ause it indicates to God that
Jonah is ready to continue his
mission. For the sailors it means
lt Jonah is responsible for the
"lorm, and as much as they do
J?l want to. they have to cast
mm into the sea.
After a brief sojourn in the
Wy of the large fish," Jonah is
sPewed out safely on shore and
"miinues to Ninveh to complete
mission. Upon entering the
llly. he announces publicly that
"unly forty days Ninveh will be
wstroyed. Unlike the generation
01 the flood, the people of Ninveh
Abner Levine to
Chair $6,500 Event
Abner "Abby" Levine has
been appointed chairman of a
$6,500 minamum event by Dr.
Larry Charme, 1984 Men's Divi-
sion campaign chairman. This is
one of the four major Men's Divi-
sion events held under the
auspices of the South County
Jewish Federation.
Accepting the appointment
and responsibility of this major
position, Abby Levine said, "I
look forward to the excitement
the committee and I will
generate. The potential in this
community is outstanding and
will cause much pride to be felt in
South County."
As last year's general cam-
paign chairman and a resident of
Del-Aire Country Club, Mr.
Levine has shown great dedica-
tion and strong leadership. Dr.
Charme said, in making the ap-
pointment, "This community has
nobody within its borders any
more competent to lead the Divi-
sion of such great importance."
Abby Levine is a vice president
of the Federation, board member
of B'nai Torah Congregation, and
highly involved in the Anti-
Defamation League of B'nai
He immediately upon accep-
tance, started the selection pro-
cess for committee members. To-
gether, they will decide on the
type of event, the location, and
major personality to be present.
Abby Levine
Gladys Weinshank. 1984
general campaign chairman,
expressed confidence in Mr.
Levine and his committee to sur-
pass the results of last year's ef-
forts. She said, "I am sure Abby
will surround himself with people
highly capable and sincerely
motivated. '
In Paris
Arabs Shout Filthy
Slogans Near Synagogue
Sukkot morning prayers near Jwrusalm'$W*$t*rn Wall
take Jonah seriously, donning ^fj?"" thrOUgh ***'
sackcloth and ashes and indicate cloth and ashes.
their contrition. The king himself A PROCLAMATION is issued
sees his subjects' reaction, takes to all in Ninveh unring the mha-
off his royal garments, and links Cootmaad oa Page 2
demonstrators surrounded
a synagogue in Vitry, a
Paris suburb, on the second
day of Rosh Hashanah
shouting anti-Israeli and
anti-Semitic slogans.
The president of the Vitry
Jewish community, Dr. Maurice
Ruah, said that the city police in
the Communist-controlled mu-
nicipality had acted to protect
the synagogue but in what seem-
ed a half-hearted manner. He said
better police protection was pro-
vided after two Deputy Mayors,
both Socialists, were alerted and
visited the site.
THERE ARE some 750 Jewish
families, some 4.000 people, in
the large working-class suburb in
Vitry in the south of Paris. The
mayor, a communist, took a
strong anti-Arab stand before the
last legislative elections in an ap-
parent bid to win extreme right
Since then, say members of the
local Jewish community, he has
taken a strong anti-Israeli stand
in what seems an effort to "clean
the slate."
Ruah said the municipality is
responsible for the anti-Israeli
climate which was conducive to
the demonstration. He said the
synagogue, which was not
damaged, was actually defended
by local Jewish defense groups.
There were no reports of other
incidents during the Rosh Hash-
anah holiday.
Throughout Paris and France
synagogues were jammed for
Rosh Hashanah services, and
synagogue officials say they have
an unprecedented number of re-
quests for Yom Kippur seats in
synagogues and improvised tem-
ples operating during the High
Holy Days to accommodate the
exceptionally large number of

Page 2
Ti- i~..;-L CJoWWiVin nf Snutk Cnuntv
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The Jewish Floridian of South County
Friday, September 23,1983
Four Species Help
Beautify Commandment
Status of Village Leagues Uncertain
After Resignation of Mustapha Doudin
Continued from Page 1
bitants to change their evil1
ways, concluding with these
memorable lines: "Who knoweth
whether God will not turn and
repent, and turn away from His
fierce anger, that we perish not?"
The merciful attribute of God
comes forward when it is clear
how the people are trying to
change their ways. Ninveh and
its inhabitants are saved.
Jonah is in a dilemma. He had
predicted destruction, but there
was none. He feels betrayed
because he believed that he was
carrying out God's word. The
element of mercy is missing in
Jonah's character. To bring this
quality out in Jonah, God causes
a gourd vine to grow which
shelters him from the sun. Then
to Jonah's dismay, God sends a
worm to destroy the plant. The
conclusion is evident just as
Jonah was concerned for a plant
that he in no way brought into
being, surely God should be
concerned about human beings,
the people of Ninveh, created in
His own image, and what them to
What was really Jonah's
problem in this tale? Chaim
Greenberg, the famous American
Zionist thinker, answered this
question with unusual insight
and originality: "Instead of
being a prophet whose prophecy
would bring warning and move
the sinful to repent and to purge
themselves of their sin, he
(Jonah) preferred being an oracle,
a 'golem' through whom spoke
the blind, brutal, fatal future.
"BY THIS, he lowered the
prophetic calling; he destroyed
the conditional nature of God's
decrees. He confused God's
hatred of evil in man with God's
hatred of the evil man, as if the
evil man were evil in essence and
beyond hope, condemned forever
to be wicked and with no road of
repentance open to him."
This interpretation of the story
of Jonah really speaks both about
the significance of his plight and
about the essence of the day of
Yom Kippur. Jonah failed to see
man's ability to do teshuva, the
ability to "turn around," so he
froze the individual in the ice-
block of evil forever. Yom Kippur
comes to tell us that through
repentance it is possible to melt
the evil which has surrounded us
and to emerge anew with a fresh
and positive vision of life.
Indeed that is the true
meaning of Yom Kippur
humanity assisting in the im-
plementation of God's words: "I
do not desire the death of the
wicked, but the return of the
wicked from his ways." The
message is that in the year to
come each of us should try to face
up to our shortcomings, over-
come them and take the path
which will permit us to transform
ourselves, our society, our people
and ultimately all of humanity.
The resignation of Mus-
tapha Doudin as the head
of the government-backed
Village Leagues on the
West Bank, leaves the fu-
ture status of the Leagues
surrounded in uncertainty.
Doudin, of Hebron, was the
strong man of the Leagues which
was the only Arab organization
in the occupied territories to
openly call for a dialogue between
Israelis and Palestinians, and for
Palestinian designation of Isra-
el's right to exist.
But with the appointment of
Soviets Ban Books
on Jewish Issues
Soviet authorities have barred 49
books on Jewish issues at the =-
fourth Moscow International 2
Book Fair, according to reports j
reaching here.
Organizers of the stand
mounted by the Association of
Jewish Book Publishers of New
York told reporters in Moscow
that the Soviet authorities ban-
ned 49 of their titles, among them
The American Jewish Year Book;
The Jewish Catalogue: "History
of the Jews." by Cecil Roth: the
memoirs of former President
Jimmy Carter: "The History of
Israel" by Howard Sachar; "My
Name is Asher Lev," by Chaim
Pot ok. "Many Faces of Anti-
Semitism," "Arab Israeli Wars"
and 15 books in Russian on Jew-
ish holidays.
Moshe Arens as Defense Minister
there was a decline in the prestige
and influence of the League
among local authorities. Whereas
Village Leagues leaders
demanded that they be recog-
nized as a political party, the
present Israeli defense adminis-
tration sought to have them limit
themselves to municipal services
to the villages.
THIS HAD led to a recent dis-
pute between Doudin and the
civil administration in the terri-
tories which wants greater
control over the manner in which
the Leagues spend funds allocat-
ed to it from the government. The
Leagues were established by
former Defense Minister Ariel
Sharon to act as a counter to Pal-
estine Liberation influence
in the
Doudin recently ran into
conflict with the younger mem
bers of the Village Leagues over
an article in a Leagues publica-
tion which attacked Israel and
Jordan and was said to have
reflected Doudin's personal views
of the present situation.
The attack on Israel and Jor
dan was explained as part of
Doudin's long-running feud with
Jordanian Premier Mudar Bad-
ran that goes back to when
Doudin was a Jordanian Cabinet
minister. Anti-Doudin elements
within the Leagues argue that
such attacks could jeopardize
their political and economic
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According to Janet Scharf-
M^H^aai^^i^^^HHa^^^^^^^^B^^M stein, one of the organizers of the
_ T% m TO* i_x Jewish stand, the Soviets had
Jerusalem awaits Resistance r ignters held up several of their titles OD
arrival. Last Friday, four days
after the opening of the exhibit,
the authorities informed the or-
ganizers that the books will be
banned all together, she said.
During the days of Oct 2-6, all
eyes will be on Israel when the
World Assembly to Com-
memorate Jewish Resistance and
Combat during World War II
convenes in Jerusalem.
Under the auspices of the
Prime Minister, the Assembly
hopes to draw the attention of the
survivors who have participated
in various forms of resistance
in ghetto uprisings, the under-
ground, or those who fought
alongside the partisans with
Polish and Soviet armed units in
the mountains and the forests, as
well as those who served in any
allied forces, and second
generation, survivors' children
A special Medal of Valor has
been struck by the Israeli
Government, to be awarded to all
Assembly participants.
For further information
contact the Israeli counsulate at
330 Biacayne Blvd.. Miami,
fehone 358-8111.
Soviet Puppets
Increase Activity
The Anti-Zionist Committee of
the Soviet Public, the Soviet
go\ ernment sponsored group
which drew international atten-
tion last spring when it claimed
that the majority of Soviet Jews
who desire to leave the USSR
liave already left, has increased
its activities and established
offices in most Soviet cities which
have a Jewish community.
This information was provided
here by officials of the Public
Council on Behalf of Soviet
Jewry. President Dr. Avraham
Harman, chairman David Yafit
and Dr. Yuri Stern said the anti-
Israel and anti-Semitic com-
mittee seemed to work toward
becoming a mass movement.
"What Does Being Jewish Mean To You.
Have You Ever Experienced Anti-Semitism
In Your Lifer*
"Have You Ever Wanted To Look
More 'Waspish'?"
"What Do You Think About The Stereotypes
of Jewish American Princess and Prince?"
These are some of the questions being raised in
Ethnotherapy groups all across the country. These
groups encourage individuals to examine what effect
their Jewishness has on their self esteem, values, at-
titudes, relationships, etc.
Dena Feldman, M.S.W., Coordinator of Jewish Family
Life Education announces that for the first time in our
community, an Ethnotherapy group is being formed.
Jewish Family & Children's Service of Boca Raton is
offering Ethnotherapy in conjunction with B'Nai Torah
Congregation, as part of B'Nai Torah's Adult Education
The Ethnotherapy Group
WIN mm on Free Coneeculivt
Thursday EvwUng* from 7:30-8:30,
Beginning October 20th
Interacted IndhHduaU Should Contact
B'Nai Torah Congregation at 32 5e
HD6KATION I bELAVMACM Registration is Necessary as
I !IS5oT "*CH Enrollment is Limited.
Scrumptious cheesecakes
by Alden Merrell. Featuring
a delicious variety-in
plain, marbled, chocolate,
Amaretto. Pina Colada,
Creme de Menthe or fruit-
topped with strawberries,
pineapple, blueberries or
aipen merreu
Ntxt to PubJix in tht Village
Square Shoppt*. St. Andrews
Boulevard (adjacent to Town
Center) just eouth of Gtdw
Road in Boca Raton. Hours
Mon. Sat. 8:30 a.m. 900 pm.
Sunday 9:00 a.m. 6:00 p.m.
Telephone 392 4S44. _

Friday. September 23,1983
The Jewish Floridian of South County
ppws Briefs
Cornerstone Ceremony
In the presence of high-ranking
Jiurv officers and government
"S cornerstone-setting
offto*^LipS will be held
S Tuesday for the first Jewish
JLl in the history of the
[jXd States Military Academy
,t West Point, N.Y.
Sen Carl Levin of Michigan
urf Lt. Gen. Willard W. Scott,
jr superintendent of the Aca-
jgjny, will head the list of
dignitaries participating in the
The chapel, to be located be-
tween the Catholic and Protes-
tant chapels overlooking the
Hudson River, is [ IdlBWhOM
tin* has come, .^Herbe*;y.
Ames, of Rockville Centre, N.Y.,
chairman of the $6.5 million drive
to construct the facility.
Until now, Jewish cadets -
who have attended the Academy
since its first class was graduated
in 1802 have been using a
chemistry lab, auditorium or a
non-denominational chapel at the
post cemetery for worship ser-
vices," he said.
"When the chapel is completed
next year, it will serve the reli-
gious and cultural needs of some
250 Jewish cadets, faculty and
other military personnel
stationed at the Academy and
their dependents."
Former Secretary of State
Henry A. Kissinger will pay
tribute to Moshe Dayan on Sept-
ic, the second anniversary of his
death, in ceremonies sponsored
by the Anti-Defamation League
of H'nai B'riti. at its New York
Kissinger will be presented
with an album entitled "Masada"
containing the former Israeli
defense minister's final literary
expression "The Victory of the
\unquished" describing the
defense of the desert fortress
Masada in the year 73 by heavily-
nulnumbered Jewish forces, who
took their own lives rather than
be captured by the Romans.
The Israel diamond industry
celebrated its first $100 million
ulus ex|H>rt month in more than
two-and-a-half years with
shipments of polished diamonds
valued at $109 million during
July 1983, nearly double that of
the same month last year
when sales were $63 million. The
last month when net exports
exceeded $100 million was
January 1981.
This increased export total
brought the industry's overseas
sales during the first seven
months of 1983 to $623 million,
compared to $544 million last
year, according to figures
released this week by the Israel
Diamond Institute.
A dynamically growing United
States market is said to be the
focus of this increase in cut
diamond sales, with imports by
American diamond distributors
and jewelry manufacturers ac-
counting for more than 40 per-
cent of Israel's diamond exports
this year.
Or. Sheldon Dobkin, a member
of the faculty at Florida Atlantic
University since 1964, has been
appointed interim dean of the
College of Science.
Dr. Dobkin, a former chairman
oi FAU's Department of Biologi-
cal Sciences, also served as in-
terim dean in 1976. He also is a
former president of the FAU
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Chapter of the American Asso-
ciation of University Professors.
Dr. Earl W. Baker, who had
served as dean of the College
since 1976, resigned last month
to return to fulltime teaching.
A graduate of City College of
New York, Dr. Dobkin earned his
doctoral degree at the University
of Miami, where he was an in-
structor in marine biology before
joining the faculty at FAU.
An authority on marine inver-
tebrate biology, Dr. Dobkin's
longtime research projects have
involved the selective breeding of
fresh-water shrimp to increase
the food supply.
A committee to conduct a na-
tional search for a dean for the
College of Science is now being
formed, according to Dr. Kenneth
Michels, FAU vice president for
academic affairs.
by Rabbi Howard Singer, direc-
tor of the Inter religious Affairs
Department of the Anti-
Defamation League of B'nai
B'rith, in a Rosh Hashanah
sermon at Congregation B'nai
Jacob in New Haven, Conn.
Rabbi Singer declared that this
susceptibility was evident in the
official statement issued by the
WCC following its recent 18-day
assembly in Vancouver which
chastised Israel and the United
States, distorted realities in the
Middle East and was silent on
the plight of persecuted Jews in
the Soviet Union."
He told the congregation that
the statement clearly aligned the
World Council of Churches with
Palestine Liberation Organiza-
tion and Soviet positions on the
Middle East, Afghanistan,
Nicaragua and Latin America.
The Fifth Annual Alumni
Reunion Dinner and Dance
of Franklin K. Lane High
School will be held in
Florida, as always, in March
If interested, please
contact the following alum-
mis for further information:
Sara Altman at 482-3614.
ISRAEL .$510
"The World Council of
Churches is forfeiting any role as
a world moral authority because
of susceptibility to pressure and
threats from its Arab and Com-
munist delegations."
The charge was made last week
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Page 4
ti.- 7~~..i. vinwiflinn nf Smith County/
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The Jewish Floridian of South County
Friday, July 8,1968
_______________Friday, September 23,1983
Reagan Confesses
The United States had to send its
military forces some 4,000 miles from
home, and then to have them shot upon as
they attempt to help bring peace to
Lebanon, to begin to understand what the
Israeli mission was from the beginning of
the Lebanese civil war.
But Israel didn't have to send its forces
4,000 miles to be shot upon by Arab
terrorists marauding in Lebanon. Israelis
were for years the victims of Palestinian
attacks on a nightly basis.
Yet when they entered Lebanon to put an
jpnd to these attacks in their own backyard,
ahe United States brutally condemned
them, thus encouraging the American news
media to do the same and in far less dip-
lomatic language.
In his customary radio speech to the
nation last weekend, President Reagan at
last admitted that he had no idea what he
initially sent U.S. Marines into that the
Soviet-dominated Palestinians and Syrians
were behind the effort to hinder a peaceful
solution to the Lebanese dilemma. And still
are behind the effort.
In effect, the President admitted that, in
his constant criticism of Israel, which
resulted in a massive sell-out of the Israeli
achievement in Lebanon, he did not know
what he was talking about. Neither did the
What is worse, they are the root source of
America"s growing entrapment in Lebanon
today. Had they supported the Israelis in
the first place, it is likely that none of the
trap could ever have been sprung.
Readers Write
EDITOR. The Jewish Floridian:
We should have good youth
activities programs supplement-
ed with the teaching of continuity
of Jewish religious tradition. The
faith and values of Judaism and
the moral and social values that
are incorporated in the Torah
must be communicated to our
youth by competent teachers,
rabbis, and lay persons who wish
to maintain and transmit knowl-
edge through the friendly envir-
onment of our temples, which
have the respect and admiration
of all those who live in our areas.
We must maintain the spiritual
and moral qualities of the love of
God and Torah. This is the re-
sponsibility Of twrhing OUT
children Jewish identity by
giving knowledge to youth and
young parents alike.
We the elders who have rele-
gated ourselves to a "geriatric
ghetto," in regard to where we
reside, must and should open up
our temples and invite young
Jewish couples to affiliate them-
selves. Temple, after all. is the
nucleus and most important
Jewish institution. Young Jewish
families will affiliate with temples
when their children are old
enough to attend Hebrew
If affiliation with a church is
elewish Floridian
R*. 3M32 ^tomm Mt-MOl
n* JJ101 men* 1-371-M06
IDF Back Above Awali
Israel Warns Christians,Druzeto ShunPLO
the generally accepted pattern of
new arrivals of Christians, we
should also expect our young
Jewish parents and their children
to become associated with our
temples. We must have an ongo-
ing program such as a "Jewish
identity school." where the
teaching of Judaism and Torah
are available for all.
It is indeed appalling and fear-
ful to note the increase of inter-
faith marriage and the desertion
of our Jewish children from Ju-
daism to various cults such as
Hah Krishna. Moonism and Jews
for Jesus Ail of this is because of
the apathy and negative influ-
ences of our leaders.
If Jewish studies and values
are to be transmitted effectively.
parents, rabbis, and devoted
Jewish lay persons must become
active partners in the Jewish ed-
ucation of children. Quite simply,
without involvement and com-
mitment, which include a
modicum of sacrifice in time and
money. Jewish education and
growth will be doomed. We need
support from homes, communi-
ties, and religious organizations,
which includes our temples.
Vice President
of Education.
Teaaple Eaaeth,
Defray Beach
Fierce fighting over the
weekend between Druze
and Christians in the Shouf
mountains of central Leb-
anon drew a sharp warning
from the Israeli Cabinet
Sunday to "all forces in
Lebanon to refrain from
collaborating with the
terrorist organizations
(which are) the enemies of
both Israel and Lebanon."
Israel acknowledged at the
same time that its armored
patrols are once again active
north of the Awali River, the line
to which the Israel Defense Force
withdrew barely a week ago. The
Israelis made it clear that their
ictions were aimed against
Palestine Liberation Organiza-
tion units which they say have
penetrated "certain areas" in the
fighting zone.
Lebanon also involves the U.S..
France. Italy and Britain whose
troops in the 5.400-man multina-
tional force on a peace-keeping
mission in and around Beirut
have been sustaining casualties
from shell and mortar fire
believed to come from Druze or
Moslem leftists entrenched in the
mountains east of the Lebanese
But President Reagan and
Secretary of State George Shultz
stated flatly over the weekend
that the U.S. and its allies will
not accede to the urgent request
by Lebanese President Amin
Gemayel that they beef up their
forces and move into the Shouf
area vacated by Israel.
"We are not planning on
expanding the forces that are
there." Reagan said Friday in a
telephone question and answer
session with the Republican
Western Regional Conference in
Scottsdale, Ariz. The President,
for the fust time, characterized
the fighting in Lebanon as a
"civil war" and acknowledged
that the U.S. had not anticipated
this when he first ordered the
Marines to Beirut nearly a year
SHULTZ, returning from a
conference in Madrid late Friday,
said that "under the present
circumstances there isn't any
disposition to change our mission
in Lebanon." The State Depart-
ment defined the mission of the
U.S. and its allies as a demon-
stration of political support for
the Lebanese government and to
contribute to that government's
stability, but not to settle dif-
ferences among Lebanese fac-
U.S. special envoy Robert
McFarlane is in the region trying
to engineer a ceasefire among the
warring factions. According to
one State Department source,
McFarlane's reports have
convinced Shultz and others in
the Administration that Syria is
the main obstacle to his efforts.
The Department believes that if
Syria withdrew its support for
the Druze and Moslem leftists, a
ceasefire could be arranged
without difficulty.
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carnage that broke out after the
IDF was redeployed to the Awali
River security zone, a move taken
in large measure to end or reduce
Israeli casualties. They are also
appalled by claims by the Druze
and Lebanese Christians that
each side has massacred scores of
civilians of the other.
The Cabinets call Sunday
mentioned neither side but was
clearly directed at the Druze and
their Moslem leftist and PLO
allies who appear to hold the
upper hand in the Shouf area
fighting. Israel is particularly
worried by the PLO role, but
Cabinet sources said Israel "has
grounds to hope and believe"
that there would not be a large-
scale return of the terrorists to
these areas or to Beirut proper.
The sources were reluctant to
say what if any direct action
Israel might take should that
hope prove unfounded. "In the
worse-cases eventuality, we will
have the same confrontation line
as previously, only further
south," one source said. The IDF
is now deployed some 40
kilometers (28 miles) north of the
Israeli border.
armored units are once more
operating north of this line raised
questions at Sunday's Cabinet
session. Defense Minister Moshe
Arens said the patrols were ad
hoc actions, not intended to be
regular operations.
He said Israel would not in-
tervene directly in the fighting in
central Lebanon but would
continue to strike at the PLO
when and where it sees fit. Army
circles said the Israeli patrols
consisted of "armed reconnais-
sance" by two or three tanks
supported by armored personnel
The Cabinet rejected a
proposal by Finance Minister
Yoram Aridor that ministerial
approval should be obtained
before any IDF patrol was or-
dered north of the Awali River.
The Cabinet communique
expressed "deep shock" at "acts
of massacre of innocent civilians"
and called on "all elements" to
cease and desist. Neither Druze
nor Christians were specifically
mentioned. Government sources
denied that the official even
handedness" was dictated by
intense pressure from Israel's
Druze community on behalf of
their brethren in Lebanon.
ment claimed ovei the weekend
that 53 civilians were killed in the
vdlage Birch. The Christian
I'halangv controlled radio said
118 Christians were slaughtered
"by a mixed force of Druze. their
Palestinian and Lebanese allies."
The rightwing Christian radio
broadcast the names of 14 people
it claimed had their throats cut
by Druze in a raid on the village
church. A week ago. Druze
claimed massacres by Christians.
Radio Beirut said Monday that
the Lebanese government has
appealed to the UN Security
Council to save the thousands of
Christian civilians trapped in the
Shouf Mountain village of Deirl
Kamar by a strong Druze force.
Walid Jumblatt, leader of the
Lebanese Druze, said in an in-
terview with the French leftist
daily Liberation, that he was not
sure he could control his own
men. "I run a militia, not an
army." he said and warned that
his men might act on their own if
the Christians committed
In the same interview Jum
blatt laid down his conditions for
a ceasefire, foremost of which was
abrogation of the Israel-Lebanese
agreement on foreign troop with-
drawals and security signed last
May 15 after months of nego-
tiations in which the US played
a major role.
THE OTHER conditions, he
said, were the withdrawal of
Christian forces and Lebanese
army units from the Shouf
mountains and redeployment of
the Lebanese army outside of
Beirut. Jumblatt accused the
Christians in Beirut of "planning
a new Sabra and Shatila
massacre" against the local
Moslem population.
Jumblatt also warned that if
the multinational force continued
to take what he claimed was a
biased. pro-Christian attitude, he
would ask for its departure. But
he denied that his forces had
shelled the U.S. Marines or
French forces in Beirut. He
attributed those attacks to
"trouble-makers" whom he did
not identify. "They want to harm
our relations with France and the
United States." he said
Meanwhile, several hundred
|4 in south Lebanon and the Shod I
ugion crossed lh ix>rder into
Israel at Rosh Hanikra They were j
allowed to enter un a presentation
of identity cards. Some ire
seeking refuge among family and |
friends in Israel. Several pur
chased airline tickets to Europe |
11I special El Al ticket offices set
up at Rosh Hanikra and I
Druze and Christians appeared
for a time to have spilled over
into Israel. Shots were fired and 1
hand grenade thrown at
Christian house in Usafiya, 1
village on the Carmel range
impulated by Druze but with 1
Christian minority.
Police reinforcements were
dispatched. But Druze and
Christian leaders in the village
and in the two communities in
Israel stressed that the incident
was part of a feud between
families and was not related to
the fighting in Lebanon.
JTA Report
Israel's Ambassador Rosenne Offers
Condolences to Jackson Family
Friday. September 23.1963
Volume 5
16 TISHRI5744
Number 30
WASHINGTON (JTA) Israeli Ambassador
Meir Rosenne was in Seattle, Wash, to offer his con
H-jr?r-f!? 5L111 dolences to the family of Sen. Henry Jackson (D.. Waih.)
Sia^SeSyS-^S ft.*2 **: ^ Ambass^r v^d'the chjH
where Jackson s body was on view. Rosenne went H
Seattle because he was unable to attend the funeral there
Sept. 7 since it was the eve of Rosh Hashanah.
The Israel Embassy also reported that message" of
condolence were sent to Mrs. Helen Jackson, t
Sectors widow, by Israeli President Chaim Her**
Premier Menachem Begin, Foreign Minister Yitthi*
White House over the weekend
reportedly focussed on how to
blunt Syria's role, but also how to
deal with pressure to pull out the
Marines which is expected to
develop when Congress returned
from its summer recess this week.
THE ISRAELIS, meanwhile
seriously disturbed by the' Shamir and Defense Minister Moshe Arens.

Friday, September 23,1963
VU" >!''"
The Jewish Floridian of South County
Moshe and a Half
IDF's New Chief of Staff Levy
Leads Country Out of Lebanon
A joke went around Israel in
April about the time that Maj.
Gen. Moshe Levy took up the
post as the country's 12th chief of
staff. "In biblical times," the
joke went, "it took Moshe
Rabenu (Moses) to lead us out of
Egypt. But today it will need
Moshe and a half to get us out
of Lebanon."
Moshe and a half," Levy's
nickname, reflects his unusual
height, which show him towering
over all those with him in news-
paper photos. It is difficult to
know whether the joke reflected
doubts over the army's continued
presence in Lebanon, or a deep-
felt confidence in Levy's leader-
ship qualities. But behind the
humor is the bare fact that Levy
assumed command of the Israel
Defense Forces at a crucial time.
The extent of Israel's push into
Lebanon divided the country, so
that Levy came to the fore when
for the first time in Israel's his-
tory some sectors of the popula-
tion were deeply criticial of the
role given to the army. Moreover,
Levy's predecessor, Rafael titan,
had surprised observers with his
outspoken assertion that the
West Bank could not be given up
for security reasons.
SOME SAW this as a political
rather than a military statement,
though Eitan responded that his
predecessors had made no less
political analyses, in a different
direction. Eitan's attitude to
Arabs in the administered terri-
tories had also aroused strong
opposition, though public opinion
polls after his retirement revealed
that most Israelis approved of
Eitan nevertheless was con-
sidered a national hero until the
recent period. The Kahan Com-
mission found him guilty of in-
direct responsibility for the mas-
sacres in Sabra and Shatilla last
year and he would have been
asked to resign if his term of duty
was not ending.
Speeches like the one shortly
before Eitan stepped down say-
ing Arabs who stoned IDF sol-
diers would be like "drugged
roaches in a bottle" if the West
Bank was fully settled raised a
further storm of controversy. It
was in this atmosphere the
formerly quiet "soldier" who be-
came a center of political storms
that Eitan handed over to
EITAN WAS deeply respected
by all for his soldiering qualities
and his ability to strike up a rap-
port from the top with the com-
mon soldier. He also made unu-
sual efforts in the field of educa-
tion. This ability to appreciate
the concerns of the rank and file
soldier is shared by Levy, and
during the war in Lebanon he was
frequently seen wandering
around chatting with the soldiers
in the field. Levy prefers those
that work with him to call him by
his nickname "Moshe and a
But outside the common touch
and sincerity, Eitan and Levy
have little in common. Levy is a
new broom with a distinctly less
abrasive brush. It is no secret
that Eitan had lined up Maj.
Gen. Yanush Ben-Gal for the job
and that if Ariel Sharon had still
been defense minister, Ben-Gal,
who like Eitan and Sharon takes
a "full speed ahead and damn the
torpedoes" attitude, would have
been the new chief of staff.
However, Moshe Arens, the
new defense minister, is a more
Continued on Page 8-
Rav Aluf Moshe Levy, the new IDF Chief of Staff, when he was
commander of the central command before taking over the top
position in the Israel Army.
The New Lavi
Jet Fighter Will Mean 12,000 Jobs in the United States
fly London Chronicle Syndicate
Over the next 20 years,
the production of Israel's
new Lavi fighter will pro-
vide at least 12,000 jobs in
Israel and another 37,000
jobs in the United States.
This was revealed at a joint
news conference in Wash-
ington held by Israel Air-
craft Industries (IAI) and
Grumman Corporation, the
U.S. firm contracted to
manufacture the aircraft's
wing and tail sections.
Retired U.S. Admiral George
Kinnear, a Grumman vice presi-
dent, who has become deeply in-
volved in the Lavi project, said
the development and initial pro-
duction contract for Grumman
alone is expected to be "in excess
of $100 million."
Another 25 major U.S. defense
firms already have signed con-
tracts with IAI in connection
with the Lavi. In the end, he
added, some 100 American com-
panies may actually be involved
in the manufacture of the new
MOST OF this work, IAI's
Washington representative,
Marvin Klemow, said, would in-
itially be done in the United
States, although eventually Is-
rael hopes to transfer almost all
of it for co-production in Israel it-
self. Klemow was joined at the
news conference by his deputy,
Doron Suslick.
The Israeli Air Force is already
committed to the purchase of 300
of the new aircraft, designed to
replace older A-4 Skyhawks and
Kfirs. Kinnear and Klemow
strongly denied that the Lavi
would be able to replace the more
sophisticated F-4 Phantoms in
the 1990's. Israel's existing fleet
of F-4's, will have to be replaced
by the purchase of additional
U.S.-made F-15's, F-16's or F-
18's. "The Lavi can't do it," Kin-
near said.
Among the other U.S. com-
panies already involved in the
Lavi are Pratt and Whitney of
West Palm Beach, Fla., a divi-
sion of United Technology, which
is manufacturing the jet engine;
Lear Siegler of Los Angeles,
which is providing the digital
flight control system; Moog of
Buffalo. N.Y., which is making
the flight control actuators;
Vought of Grand Prairie, Tex.,
which is involved in the wind
tunnel testing; Sunstrand
Aviation of Rockford, 111., which
is making the integrated drive
generators and other related
drive systems.
FOR U.S. industry, Kinnear
said, the Lavi project means not
only some 37,000 jobs "and
maybe as many as 50,000" but
an infusion of SI.5 billion in con-
In addition, he said, there are
other significant benefits for
America. He noted that new
Continued on Page 8
Samson's Battle
Dig at Timnah Proves
History 3,000 Years Ago
Tourists look at an ancient grain silo at
Megiddo on the southern side of the Jeereel
Galley 22 miles southeast of Haifa. Excava-
tions have unearthed over 20 levels, includ-
ing stables for 492 horses in King Solomon's
Samson slew the lion and
did battle against the Phil-
istines in the 12th-11th
Centuries BCE, the Philis-
tine town of Timnah was
characterized by brick walls
constructed on stone foun-
This was revealed in the just-
concluded sixth season of ex-
cavations at Tel Batash
identified with the Biblical town
of Timnah in the Sorek Valley
west of the Israeli development
-own of Beith Shemesh. The dig
is sponsored by the Southwestern
Baptist Theological Seminary in
Fort Worth, Tex., in collabora-
tion with the Hebrew University
of Jerusalem.
EXPEDITION director is Dr.
George L. Kelm, of the Baptist
Seminary, while the archaeo-
logical director is Dr. Amihai
Mazar, of the Hebrew Univer-
sity's Institute of Archaeology.
In the 1963 season, a supervisory
and technical staff representing
the two institutions, together
with about 46 students and lay
volunteers, excavated at the site
for over four weeks.
A key discovery relating to the
time of Samson was a large
fortified structure exposed below
later city gates. This complex of
large square rooms was dated by
fragments of typically decorated
Philistine pottery, and possibly
may have formed part of the gate
structure of the Philistine town.
Originally founded during the
Middle Bronze Age, the town was
at that time fortified with mas-
sive earthen ramparts. During
the Canaanite period in the Late
Bronze Age, the city was a victim
of the period of turmoil and polit-
ical instability that afflicted the
region. The excavations have
revealed five super-imposed
strata of comprehensive destruc-
tion marked by intensive confla-
A LARGE collection of impor-
tant finds, dated to the 15th and
14th Centuries BCE, have been
recovered from the destruction
debris. The close succession of
these disruptions of Timnah's
urban life reflect the inter-city
rivalries, political conflicts, and
guerrilla attacks by marauding
bands which were characteristic
of this period.
During the time of David and
Solomon in the 10th Century
BCE, Timnah may have been an
Israelite town. Burnished pottery
typical of this period is associat-
ed with the remains of large
Continued oa Page 8-

mi.- r_~~J. Ci^wW.ViM nt Slnuth Cnuntv
nuay, tiuiy o, iwo
The Jewish Floridian of South County
F" 0/t 7%is am* 7%af
Executive Director,
Sooth County
Jewish Federation
The Jewish community lost a
great friend with the passing of
U.S. Senator Henry (Scoop)
Jackson. He was not only a great
senator for Jews, he was a great
senator for all Americans. I pass
along to you excerpts from a
recent column by George Will
that 1 consider to be the ultimate
tribute to Senator Jackson:
"He missed the ultimate prize
of our politic;, perhaps because
he lacked the crackling tempera-
ment that marks persons who
burn on the surface with a hard,
gem-like flame.
"If his political metabolism
seemed uncommonly calm, that
is because he had the patience of
a mature politician a gift for
planning, thirst for detail, and a
sense of ripeness in issues. He
had a flame, but he had depth in
with he kept it. .
"For longer than I have been
alive. Congress has been em-
bellished by his presence. And
for longer than I live, public life
shall be enriched by the radiating
force of his character.
"If you wonder who real
leaders are. find out who has real
followers persons who follow a
leader onto a path of life, who
adopt careers where they
navigate by stars he taught them
to see.
"The social geology of this city
is layer upon layer of persons
pulled into public life by the
example of lives worth
Rabbi Bruce Marshal
emulating. In numerous public
offices, and in law and jour-
nalism, there is a thick layer of
Henry Jackson's men and
"There are those, and they are
legion, who call themselves.
"Jackson Democrats." I can say
with absolute authority that
there is such a thing as a
"Jackson Republican."
"Henry Jackson mastered the
delicate balance of democracy,
the art of being a servant to a
vast public without being servile
to any part of it. He was the
finest public servant I have
On the lighter side, an article
entitled, "Who's to Judge a
Cantor?" appeared in. of all
Guggenheim Appointed
$1,250 Dinner Dance Chairman
Dr. Larry Charme. Men's Divi-
sion chairman for the 1984 UJA-
Federation Campaign, is pleased
to announce that Howard
Guggenheim has been chosen as
chairman of the annual $1,250
gala dinner dance.
Guggenheim, who relocated
from Cleveland. Ohio in Mav
1980. has a Bachelor of Arts
degree in business from the
University of Michigan
He has played an active role in
Jewish communal affairs for
many years
While in Ohio. Guggenheim
served on the board of directors
of the Menorah Park Jewish
Home for the Aged: was chair-
man of the Endowment Fund
Committee: representative for
the Meals on Wheels Program;
associate with the Menorah Park
Jewish Family Service: board
member and officer of the Ame-
rican Jewish Committee: and
chairman of the Bankers and
Brokers Division Fund Drive.
He is presently vice president
and resident manager of the Boca
Raton and Palm Beach offices of
Smith. Barney, Harris. Upham
Company. Inc.. an investment
banking and stock brokerage
Accepting the appointment.
Howard Guggenheim said, "The
$ala dinner dance has tradiuon-
al!y been the highlight of oar
community's campaign. I look
forward to this year's event.
knowing the enthusiasm sad
support from the community will
be greater than ever. More in-
formation concerning the dinner
dance will be forthcoming in the
near future."
For the past two years.
Guggenheim served as chairman
of the North Ocean area. He has
also served on the South County
Jewish Federation Nominating
Committee which selects board of
directors i
Howard Guggenheim
places, the Miami Herald. The
following is an excerpt:
"If you consider the
destination of a cantor's melodic
outpouring, it seems irreverent
for men mere men to judge
him. A synagogue in the east
Bronx I used to attend as a kid
during the Depression could not
afford a year-round cantor. They
could not. of course, do without a
cantor or a ba'al tephila at
least for the High Holy period,
also known as the Days of Awe.
Ba'al tephila means, literally,
"master of prayer." which every
cantor is as a matter of course. A
cantor was a ba'al tephila only
until he was hired. After that,
posters in the neighborhood store
windows advertised him as 'the
renowned cantor.'
"The officers of the synagogue
waited for the Hebrew calendar
month of Elul. which occurs in
August before they began
try outs for a cantor; the closer to
Rosh Hashanah, the lower the
fee. Auditioning a prospective
cantor was almost literally an
ordeal by fire. While the
assembled minyan (the obliga-
tory quorum of 10 men needed for
a prayer service) fanned them-
selves with newspapers, the
cantorial candidate undid his
collar and sang several prayers
from the Machzor, the High Holy
Days prayer book. By the time he
had done his bit, he had dropped
a pint of sweat at least. Every
Jew listening even if tone deaf
or just plain deaf became a
cantor msven on the spot. Heads
shook, shoulders shrugged, stage
whispers cut through the heat.
"The most common putdown
of a cantor was the invidious
comparison. Yossele Rosenblatt
was the most famous cantor of
all: Samuel Kwartin, his con-
temporary in the 1920s, also had
his oficionados So a frequent
opening gambit was, 'Yossele
Rosenblatt should have taken
lessons from Kwartin.'
'Yossele sang like an angel.
When he gave out Habet
Slishamayim (O. Look Down
From Heaven), the tears ran like
water. Hundreds of people and
not one dry eye!'
'You heard Kwartin's Shma
kolenu (Hear Our Voices)? Pure
"Note how the cantor, who
began as the subject of the
conversation, was swept into
irrelevance by the Rosenblatt -
Kwartin controversy. Even a
back-handed compliment could
suffice to damn the aspirant.
' His ivneh (Hebrew diction)
is not bad." This could imply that
his singing was only so-so. From
He looks like s xhayner yid
i fine person) one could infer that:
a) he only looks like a fine person,
or b) be could possibly be a man
of decent character, but as a
cantor !
Member Major Exchange Worldwide
With 76 Offices to Serve You
Affiliated with James Richardson & Sons Ltd.
Fll Service* Cimmimiom Sariaga
Richardson Greenshields
BOCA RATON (306) 392-2002 1800) 4324189
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MY8E, SXP.C. Six Rortda Office*
"For some congregants, the
candidate didn't have enough
kavanah he lacked inspired
feeling. For others he had too
much He wails like the next of
kin at a funeral.' Or he was too
loud, or too soft, or too last ( an
express train!'), or too slow ('By
the time he stretches out a
prayer, get ready for Mashiach,
the Messiah!'). Even physical
appearance was judged. He's too
skinny a chazzan should look
balabatisch' (substantial). Or.
too fat: He looksprust' (vulgar).
"The cantor was on the
dissecting table or audition
room until the very end of the
Yom Kippur fast. Once 1
overheard this dialogue during
ne'ilah, the prayer service that
comes as nightfall and the
breaking of the 24-hour fast
approached: 'This year. Baruch
Ha Shem (God be Blessed), we
didn't have such a bad chazzan.
But how pious he is we don't
know. Maybe he doesn't even
keep the shabbos (observe the
" 'So? A cantor must be
pious?' 'A chazzan to lead our
prayers on Yom Kippur and not
keep shabbos? A desecration!
You heard of the great cantor,
tfazumny? Even in p.,,.,:, .
came to shul (synagogue! i
horse and carrueTSj"V
day..' 'Not T^eeWaVt;
Shabbos.' 'What do you want
a Uaddih (holy man) or a cantor?"
"At this point, a third
who had been silent. ShH
could break his fast, interrupt*?
"I am a butcher," he announced
"A certain woman comes to mv
shop every Thursday for ij
Shabbos chicken. One chicken
Yet she puts her hands on about
every chicken on the counter She
squeezed the dark meat ih!
white meat, the neck, the pUpDik
(gizzard). One day it s already
too much. So I say to her, Lady
tell me. could you yourself pass
such an examination?' "
Talking about the High Holv
Days, I received a greeting an
recently, printed in Portland
Oregon. On the back of the card
it was identified as a Rabbi
Rosenberg card, "Made by a nice
Jewish boy whose mother would
be happy if she knew you were
buying a card from her son the
card-maker." It also indicated
that it was "Such a wonderful
card and only 86 cents'"
Somebody out there is really
thinking. Such a wonderful idea'
Shalom South County Needs Your Help.
Do you know anyone who has recently
moved to South County?
We want to invite
newcomers to a Shalom
South County event
Please Call The Federation Office,

The Jewish Floridian of South County





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Warning: The Surgeon General Hes Determined
That Cigarette Smoking Is Dangerous to Your Health.

S mg."!". 0.5 mg. nicaiiM w. pi agmm by FTC mated.

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T% Jewish Floridian of South County
Friday, July 8,1963
Friday, SeptemW;
Moshe and a Half
He Leads His Nation Out of Lebanon
American volunteer exposes pottery of
Canaanite period at Tel Batash in the Tim-
nah excavations.
New Dig Proves History
Of 3,000 Years Ago
Continued from Page S
structures exposed in the excava-
tion. The city gate of that time
was probably constructed with
two large stone-built square
towers which defended a three-
meter wide central gate passage
into the city.
Most imposing of all are the re-
mains of the fortified city of the
8th-7th Centuries BCE. During
that period Timnah was situated
on the border between the King-
dom of Judah and the territory of
the Philistines centered at nearby
TWICE, the city was de-
stroyed: once during the Assy-
rian invasion under Sennacherib
in 701 BCE, and again during the
Babylonian conquests at the end
of the 7th Century BCE.
The Sennacherib attack is re-
flected in the discovery in
previous seasons of excavation of
a large storeroom complex con-
taining storage jars stamped
with the characteristic royal seals
of the Judean kingdom [lemelech
"belonging to the King").
Thirteen jars of this type have
been restored since the discovery
of this building.
The excavation has also re-
covered similar spectacular
evidence of the Babylonian con-
quest. The stone and brick build-
ings of the 7th Century BCE
town were totally destroyed by a
massive fire. The houses of this
period were built with the series
of stone pillars typical of Judean
architecture. Portions of five
such buildings have been ex-
posed. They were built along a
street which adjoined the mas-
sive four-meter-thick wall for-
tifying the city.
IN THE destruction debris a
very important collection of
objects has been recovered, in-
cluding hundreds of restorable
pottery vessels, inscribed stone
weights, metal objects and fig-
The remains of the 7th Century
city comprise one of the best
examples of urban life during the
period of the Divided Monarchy
ever excavated in Israel, and con-
stitute a highly important
contribution to the archaelology
of the Iron Age in Israel.
One unusual offshoot of the
excavation is the establishment
of an archaeological museum on
the campus of the Southwestern
Baptist Theological Seminary in
Fort Worth. Tex. The museum.
which was opened to the public in
March. 1983 is a self-teaching
display. It is the first extensive
archaeological collection in the
United States highlighting a
single excavation in Israel.
Final excavation reports are
presently in progress, and plans
call for the continuation of the
project in June, 1984.
Continued from Page 5
cautious man, although of the
same rightist political principles
as Sharon. In choosing Levy,
Arens opted for prudence over
impulse and a man who could
bridge the rift of a divided coun-
try. Levy lives with his wife and
five children on Kibbutz Beit
Alpha in the Jezreel Valley,
where his wife was born a kib-
butz of the left wing Hashomer
Hatzair movement which is affil-
iated to Mapam.
LEVY IS a soldier, not a polit-
ician, and although he is expected
to be less hawkish than Eitan, he
tends to be a hard liner rather
than a dove. Though he lives on
the kibbutz, he is not a member
there and has no political affilia-
tions with the settlement.
Levy may be a kibbutznik
today, but his origins are not in
the fresh air and fields of the Is-
raeli countryside. He was born in
1936 in the poverty of Tel Aviv's
Shapira quarter. His parents had
emigrated from Iraq three years
earlier and his father ran a fruit
and vegetable market in the
nearby Carmel Market.
The young Levy enjoyed read-
ing and was fascinated by his
Oriental roots. As a 16-year-old,
he worked in a bank by day and
studied for his university en-
trance exams by night. At the
Hebrew University he graduated
in economics and the history of
Islam. It is rumored that as a
youngster Levy would dress up
as a Beduin tribesman and cross
into Jordan to have a look
around. This highly risky and il-
legal practice was traditionally
considered a mark of valor among
Israelis in their late teens.
IN 1954, Levy had joined the
army, originally volunteering for
the crack Golani Infantry brigade
and participating in the Sinai
Campaign of 1956. From 1963 to
1967, Levy served in command
positions in the paratroopers,
seeing combat in the Six Day
War and afterwards becoming a
brigade commander in the Jordan
Valley. In 1974, he joined the
general staff as chief of opera-
tions, was given a tank division
to command in 1976, and in 1977
Reagan 'Determined9
He'll Keep Marines in Lebanon
(JTA) The Reagan Ad-
ministration is "deter-
mined" to keep U.S. troops
in Lebanon to help the gov-
ernment of President Amin
Gemayel achieve national
unity, despite continued
American casualties. Two
more. U.S. Marines were
killed near Beirut last week,
and three were wounded.
The Administration's determi-
nation was expressed in a state-
ment read by State Department
deputy spokesman Alan Rom-
berg expressing sadness at the
casualties and condemning
"those responsible for the con-
tinuing violence that has claimec
thousands of innocent victims
We are proud of our own forces
and the important role they are
playing to achieve security for
the Lebanese people," the state-
ment said.
casualties were caused by
shelling from an area 10 kilome-
ters east of Beirut airport. He
said the U.S. did not know who
did the shelling except that it
came from an area occupied by
Druze. He also noted that the
U.S. "can't be certain" if the
Marines were "specifically tar-
The Marines fired back one
round but stopped when they
learned the area they were shoot-
ing at was heavily populated,
Romberg said. "The Lebanese
government has issued a call to
all parties to unite to restore na-
tional dialogue," the statement
read by Romberg said.
"We will continue to work with
them toward that end. The goal
of a newly united Lebanon, free of
foreign forces, is a dream of the
Lebanese people regardless of
their religious community," the
statement said. "Together with
our Italian, French and British
partners in the multinational
force, we are performing a critical
role in support of the efforts of
the central government. No one
should mistake our determina-
tion to continue in this just
Marines have served a "useful
purpose" in the efforts to restore
Lebanon's national unity. He
said there are no plans to increase
the Marine contingent in Leba-
non or to change the role of the
MNF which is purely defensive.
Meanwhile, Romberg was cau-
tious as to whether the U.S. be-
lieves the Syrians are behind the
Druze shelling of the Lebanese
army and the MNF, including the
American Marines. U.S. special
envoy Robert McFarlane. who
was in Damascus, is believed to
have told President Reagan over
the weekend that the Syrians so
far have been entirely negative
toward U.S. efforts to gain the
withdrawal of all foreign troops
from Lebanon.
All Romberg would say is that
Secretary of State George Shultz
said at his press conference last
week that it would be "helpful"
to the unification efforts of Leba-
non if all foreign troops left that
country. Syria has the largest
number of foreign troops in Leb-
became chief of IDF command
facing the Jordanian border.
He became deputy chief of
staff during the Lebanese war
when Aluf Yekutiel Adam was
killed in action. Altogether,
therefore, his army career was
more behind the lines than in
active combat and he is a
thoroughly experienced profes-
Levy remains something of an
intellectual, frequently carrying a
book under his arm. He is seen as
a quiet professional who will lend
the job a low profile, following
the controversial reign of Eitan
who was criticized for H
ing politics into the arr
reply-that he just haPPen
be the first Chief of ftu
pointed by a Likud goven
It remains to be seen
power may transform Levjl
more outspoken personalityJ
a coincidence that one of his
actions was to abolish son
the harsher guidelines for i
ment of dissident Arabs'
greatest challenge is to
the confidence and respect i
Israelis in the institution |
unity is vital for the survJ
the state. Then he really
"Moshe and a half."
New Lavi to Mean
12,000 Jobs in U.S.
Continued from Page 5
technological gains learned from
the Lavi would automatically be
"applicable to next generation
U.S. efforts" in aircraft develop-
Israel has already spent and
committed $185 million on the
Lavi. It is still awaiting permis-
sion to use some of the annual
U.S. foreign military sales (FMS)
credits to Israel for the initial re-
search and development of the
plane a decision still before the
highest levels of the Reagan
Administration. Israel has in-
formed the United States, how-
ever, that it is committed to go-
ing ahead with the plane even if
Israel's FMS waiver request is
NORTHROP, the maker of the
F-20, has actively lobbied against
providing U.S. assistance for the
Lavi, claiming it eventually will
compete against its own planes in
world markets. That led to a re-
cent news story in Aviation Week
and Space Technology, which
said that "U.S. industry" op-
posed the Lavi. Grumman, Pratt
and Whitney and the other U.S.
firms financially involved in the
Lavi are now taking the offensive
in countering that argument, ex-
plaining the benefits to the Unit-
ed States.
Kinnear and Klemow said that
the Lavi represented the "most
viable, operational and lowest
cost solution" to Israel's future
qualitative and quantitative air
force needs. They cited statistics
showing that the proj
manufacture of 300 Lavis
constant 1982 dollars -
cost $10.96 billion as on
the $13,039 billion it
Israel to purchase the
number of F-16's.
The completion of the
five Lavi prototypes has
scheduled for June, 1985.
near said. The target date for|
first test flight of that [
he added, was set for Feb
25. 1986. in Israel. The first I
available to the Israeli Air I
are not expected to be ready u
at least 1990.
THE ISRAELI Embassy s|
Force attache. Gen. Ya
Agmon, who was at the
conference, said he exp
some tough infighting
Israel's pilots to see who woj
have the honor of making
first prototype flight.
The Lavi project represenu|
largest industrial undertakii
Israel's history. It has
actively promoted by
M mist it Moshe Arens,
an aeronautical engineer, la
production schedule for I
has been set back somewh*|
cause of the delay of
year in the Reagan Admit
tion's approval of initial
nological licences necessary |
the development of the Lavi.
That delay was the
the war in Lebanon, but
tary of State George
recently released those lk*|
for Israel, and the project is|
moving ahead full-speed.
You have a friend at
2401 N. Federal Hwy.
Boca Raton, Florida 33431
Boca 391-8545
Broward 421-8671
Barbara or Cnrhi |
Why travellon*? t
Connect with
Attention Fund Raisers
Make Money For Your
Bring Your Group
For A 3 Day Trip
40 Island Ave. I
Miami Beach, FL331

September 23,1983
The Jewish Floridian of South County.
the Bookshelf
Blow-by-Blow Account of a War
, Lions. By J. Robert Mos-
New York: Arbor House,
fH Floridian Book Editor
If I forget thee, O Jerusalem,
my right hand lose its cun-
these famous words from
psalms might serve as a
for this fine story of Je-
s recapture by the Israe-
1967. The author has
his title from a different
My soul is among lions."
less of the source for the
of the book, it gives an
.byhour, blow-by-blow ac-
t of the momentous events in
1%7 when Israeli soldiers
jsfully ended the 19-year
partition of Jerusalem.
IfOVEN INTO the book is the
(and tragic history ofJerusa-
dalinn back ;1.000 years to
time of David. Recognition is
kn to the holiness of Jerusa-
for Jews. Christians and
blims. but insufficient atten-
i jj paid t<> the numerous ref-
. io Jerusalem in Jewish
erlxioks What happened in
IOGi was that, at long last,
wa>> an answer to those
ran i<" the restoration of Je-
hi* uchic\ emenl cost the lives
tiliuns, a* well as Israeli and
(daman soldiers, but it was a
cnili'i-nt triumph and, no
a what divisions plague the
li.s 11nlay. there is unified dc-
nuiai ion to maintain Jerusa-
ii.ian undivided city.
lu ili\ ision of Jerusalem into
Iji!. and Jordanian sectors be-
emple Beth El
to Sponsor
Boy Scouts
Brotherhood of Temple
|h El of Boca Raton has an-
oced that they will become
ors of Boy Scout Units.
nt a recent committee in
'tion meeting, it was
sted that early efforts be
(fined to the formation of a
) Scout unit, for boys from age
ht years (or in the third grade
chool) to eleven years.
Scouting activities, in-
Cubbing, that are to be
ored by the Temple Beth El
Wierhood are to be non-
l*rian. Boys and adults of any
pous affiliation are invited to
1 Md become active members.
[.scouting units are to be
*ted with the Seminole
*t of the Gulf Stream
c". Boy Scouts of America.
this time, the committee
I'onnation is seeking den
h* and den dads. Any
g with any previous
ptuig experience of any kind
\\ ^)conUct the Temple
W Office, 333 S.W. 4th
e, Boca Raton, phone 391-
' >d ask for Samuel
win, administrator, or any
' ^ber of the committee in
W who are Mitchell
President of the Broth-
BiB7 ;603: Irvm Kom*n
fcLi AUen Slavin 482-7111;
5*w 421-2947; Ben Lake
Lea Uavia 392-1638;
B d* E- Sinw 391-8902;
01 Richard D. Agler 396-
"arry Melcher 482-0468;
w Herst, Jr. 391-3223 and
Herman 368-1102
J. Robert Moskin
tween 1948 and 1967 was horren-
dous. I remember visiting Jeru-
salem in that period and standing
on the roof of Notre Dame Con-
vent, peering sadly through
barbed wire at Jordanian sol-
diers. Jews were not permitted to
go to the Western Wall, and
the entire old, walled city was off-
limits to Jews. And 1 remember
the joy and elation of an August,
1967 visit when we were free to go
where we pleased in Jerusalem,
including, of course, the Western
MOSKIN HAS given us a de-
tailed description of the great
victory which made this possible.
There was hesitancy among the
Israeli leaders to open the battle
fur Jerusalem because ot tear for
the safety of the holy places and
probable condemnation by world
opinion. The Jordanians were
told by the Israelis that the
status quo would be left un-
touched if Lhey kept out of the
Six-Day War.
But King Hussein ignored the
request. The Jordanians began
the struggle for Jerusalem by
firing on the Israeli sector and by
capturing the UN Headquarters
on the Hill of Evil Counsel,
giving them access to Israeli Je-
rusalem. In a counterattack, the
Israelis quickly ended Jordanian
occupation of this vital ridge, and
the Israeli Cabinet decided to
take all of Jerusalem.
Bloody battles ensued at sev-
eral key points, especially the Po-
lice Training School and Ammu-
nition Hill. There were many ca-
sualties some of which, in the
confusion of combat, being
caused by Israelis firing on each
other. Finally, Israeli paratroop-
ers crossed the Kidron Valley and
entered the Old City through the
Lions Gate. Temple Mount fell
and from there, with great
emotion, the soldiers advanced to
the Western Wall. The dream of
centuries was a reality.
SHOFAR WAS blown, and
Kaddish was recited for the fallen
comrades who died to make this
accomplishment possible. Soon,
all of Jerusalem was in Israeli
hands at a cost of almost 1,000
Many of those on both sides
who died or were wounded are
named by Moskin in his precise
and itemized account of each en-
counter. His detailed narrative is
in the tradition of "The Longest
Day" by Cornelius Ryan who
wrote an exact report of what
happened on D-Day in World
War II.
The book contains useful maps
and pictures which help readers
to grasp the particulars of the
battle for Jerusalem.
IT IS possible to get some
sense of what occurred by follow-
ing my favorite walk in Jerusa-
lem, tracing the path of the Is-
raeli paratroopers. Start at the
top of the Mount of Olives in
front of the Inter-Continental
Hotel, where you get a glorious
view of the old city with the
domes of the two mosques on
Temple Mount shimmering be-
fore you.
As you descend, you go
through the Jewish cemetery,
mercilessly vandalized during the
Jordanian occupation. Among
the graves, there is a common one
for those who died in the 1948
battle for the old Jewish Quarter
of Jerusalem.
You then come to a Church,
Dominus Flevit, which means,
"The Lord Wept." It is the place
where Jesus looked over Jerusa-
lem on his last pilgrimage and
cried for the forthcoming de-
struction of the city. In the
church, there is a picture window
over the altar which frames the
old city in another unforgettable
Russian church with its seven
onion domes, followed by the
Church of All Nations with its
Garden of Gethsemane that
contains eight olive trees, said to
be over a thousand years old. It is
here that Jesus spent a night of
You then cross the Kidron Val-
ley, close to the tombs of Absa-
lom, Jehoshaphat, Zechariah and
the sons of Hezir. Also nearby is
the entrance to Hezekiahs Tun-
nel, dug 3,000 years ago to store
water for use by Judah in the war
with the Assyrians.
Finally, you climb up-hill to
the Lions Gate where the para-
troopers entered the Old City.
Just inside is the austere
Crusader Church of St. Anne
which was damaged in the shell-
ing but which is now restored and
which has a lovely garden with
antiquities where you can rest
before proceeding to the Western
Following this trail with Mos-
kin's book in your hands will
enable you to relive a dramatic
moment in Jewish history a
moment which has been vividly
brought to life by this excellent
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Sun-Osamond Growers of California, 1983

WL~ J-....-J. Kl^riMnn nf Sinut.h C.OUiltV
. T. *
Page 10
The Jewish Floridian of South County
Friday. July 8,1983
Friday, September 23,
Organizations In The News
Hadaasah-Sahra. Boca Light
house Chapter will have their
first meeting of the season on
Tuesday, Sept. 27 at 8 p.m. in
Boca Raton. Please RSVP by
Sept. 25 to Rachel Greenstein,
368-7977 or Janis Savran. 368-
7198. Also, a prospective mem-
bership coffee will be held on
Wednesday, morning, Sept. 28 in
Boca Raton. Please call Carol at
482-8128 or Alice at 391-9164.
Women's American ORT Boca
Glades Chapter will hold then-
next Board meeting on Monday,
Oct. 3 at 10:30 a.m. at the home
of Abe and Rita Sadowaky. Also
please make your reservations for
the Theatre Party to be held at
the Caldwell Theatre, Boca Raton
on Wednesday, Oct. 5 to see a
new play by Edward Moore,
"The Bicycle Man." Please con-
tact Marilyn Musiker, 483-6868
or Edith Gartner, 4871988.
New Jersey Club of Delray will
hold their next meeting on Mon-
day, Oct. 10 at 1 p.m. at the
American Savings Bank, Atlan-
tic Ave.. Delray. Clara Hilt wiJJ
speak on the "Future of Israel."
Everyone is invited. Refresh-
ments will be served. Please call
Lou LefkowiU at 499-2225 for
further information.
B'nai Brith Women-Naomi
Chapter will be enjoying three
days at the Spa at Beau Rivage
from Oct. 3-6. Please call Lil
Kravit at 499-2180 for further in-
formation and reservations.
B'nai Zioa-Ziaacha and Harry
Matinaky Chapters will be
holding their monthly dance on
Sunday, Oct. 2 at 7:30 p.m. at
Luigi's Dance World, 4860 W.
Oakland Park Blvd.. Fort Lau-
derdale. Coffee and cake will be
served along with prizes, mixers
and exhibitions. Donation is
13.50. Please call Bill, 484-8965 or
Jean 921-3025. Artie, 495-0654 or
Bobbi 482-3106.
information, please call Mark
Silverton, 499-4706, M. Lutzker,
499-2471 or Sidney Roth 734-
Temple Sinai-Singlea will hold
their first meeting of the season
on Tuesday, Oct. 4 at 1 p.m. at
the home of Blanche Albert. The
film "Global Energy Game" will
be shown. For further informa-
tion please call 499-7069.
Temple Emeth-Sisterhood will
hold their next meeting on
Thursday, Oct. 6 at 12 noon. An
interesting program is planned
and refreshments will be served.
The meeting will be held at Tem-
ple Emeth, 5780 W. Atlantic
Ave., Delray Beach.
'Gematriya' and 'Tashmad' Frighti
Many Superstitious Israelis
The American Red Magen
David for Israel, Raamat Oaa
Chapter is having a meeting on
Tuesday, Sept. 27 at 7:30 p.m. at
the American Savings Bank,
Atlantic Ave, Delray. Refresh-
ments will be served and all are
welcome to attend. For further
Escalating War
To Force Debate in Congress
(JTA) Escalating war-
fare in Lebanon and what
the Administration can or
should do about it, con-
sidering the precarious po-
sition of U.S. Marines in the
multinational force,
promises to set off a
prolonged debate in Con-
gress which returned from
its summer recess Monday.
A lack of consensus among the
lawmakers was indicated by the
remarks of four prominent Sena-
tors three Republicans and a
Democrat in appearances on
various television panel discus-
sions Sunday. Robert By id (D.,
W. Va.). the Minority Leader,
thought it was "obvious the
situation requires the application
of the War Powers Act" because
"there is no question that there
are hostilities."
Ind.) disagreed on grounds that
the American position in
Lebanon is "clearly defensive."
The War Powers Act requires
that troops sent overseas where a
war situation exists must be
withdrawn between 0-90 days
unless otherwise authorized by
majorities of both houses of Con-
Howard Baker (R., Tennl, the
Majority Leader, observed that
"What we need to do is to decide
what is our policy going to be in
the Middle East and what role if
any the American military will
have to play." His colleague,
Robert Dole (R., Kan.) declared
flatly that "The last thing Ame-
rica wants is to get embroiled in
their (the Lebanese) civil war."
President Reagan acknowledged
over the weekend for the first
time that a civil war exists in
Lebanon and admitted that this
had not been anticipated when he
ordered the marines to Beirut a
year ago. On Monday, he approv-
ed the use of jet-fighter support
for the Marines.
THE LEBANESE civil war is
pitting the forces of the Beirut
government the Lebanese
army and the Christian
Fhalangist militia against
Druze and Moslem leftist militia
entrenched in the Shouf
mountains of central Lebanon, an
area vacated by the Israel De-
fense Force barely a week ago.
According to the Israelis and
some Western sources, the Druze
are supported by Syria and back-
ed in the field by various anti-
Western forces, including ele-
ments of the Palestine Liberation
Organization and Iranians.
In recent days, the Druze have
scored significant military vic-
tories locally amid charges by
both sides that civilians were be-
ing massacred. Marine positions
at the Beirut airport have come
under shell and mortar fire from
either the Druze or Moslem left-
ists, sustaining casualties.
Casualties have also been suf-
fered by the French and Italian
contingents of the 5,400-man
multinational force.
In an appearance on the ABC-
TV "This Week" program,
Lebanon's Ambassador to the
U.S. Abdallah Bouhabib said
his country required stronger
support from the Western
nations. He would not say what
the nature of that support should
be but said, "There is no need for
the Marines or the multinational
force to be increased. That is not
the only option."
JUST LAST week, Lebanese
President Amin Gemayel was
urging the U.S. and its allies to
strengthen their forces in
"Dedicated to Serving our Jewish Community''
DELRAY (305) 400-8000 WEST PALM (305) 732-3000
TEL AVIV (JTA) naWs gem^in^-Li
Many Israelis, including or science of the interpreut
many who do not regard kw been themselves as supersti-
tious, are viewing the arriv-
al of the Jewish New Year
with some fear and trepida-
Temple Emeth-Singiea wilj
hold their next meeting on Mon-
day, Oct. 11 at 12 noon. An inter-
esting program has been planned
and refreshments will be served.
All single men and women are
welcome to attend this meeting
held at Temple Emeth, 5780 W.
Atlantic Ave., Delray Beach.
Astrologists and fortune tellers
interviewed by Israel Radio and
Television even report a large in-
crease in clients asking about the
future, "some of them in a state
of near-panic," according to one
of them.
THE CAUSE of the fear is the
numerology of the new year
5744 which, in Hebrew, is rep-
resented by letters standing for
numerals. There is no letter or
group of letters for the thou-
sands. But the last three figures
are written in Hebrew as Taf,
Shin, Mem, Daled which forms
the word for "annihiliation."
So widespread is the unease
that the radio has started to spell
out the individual letters rather
than the word they form, and the
army and the Ministry of Educa-
tion have issued calendars with
the letters rearranged to avoid
the fear-instilling word.
radio programs offering diffen
interpretations, based on I
Scriptures, for what may heDd
with some suggesting ff
may, indeed, be an annihV
this year but of non-J.
forces seeking to harm on
ISRAELI astrologisu ail*
to agree that great changes hi
world situation will oca,,
tween now and the end of
century, with many forecast]
the end of the Communist st
in the Soviet Union within \
next 10 years.
Fears of the year 5744 with]
tashmad (annihiliation) trio
have been enhanced by the i
that George Orwell's note
1984 starts in three months I
Some gematriya experts
that Orwell consulted J*
versed in Cabalistic lore to set 1
But other literary <
point out that Orwell wrote]
book in 1948 and merely
spoeed the last two figures
the army and the Edu
Ministry have done with the!
instilling letters of the Je
New Ye

Lebanon and enter the Shouf
area. The Administration reject-
ed his appeal.
Bouhabib contended that the
U.S. and the West "can do more
than they are now doing to help
us." He acknowledged that the
recently formed Lebanese army is
no match for the forces arrayed
against it.
Walk! Jumblatt, leader of the
Lebanese Druze who was inter-
viewed on the same program,
strongly denied Israeli and
Western claims that 1,000 Pal-
estine Liberation Organization
men were fighting alongside the
Druze. "There are no Palesti-
nians helping me. I don't need
their help. It's a purely Lebanese
internal problem," he said.
JUMBLATT accused the U.S.
of pro-Christian bias and aiding
the Lebanese army against the
Druze. "If I am to defend myself,
I will fire" on the multinational
force, he said. He would not say if
Druze artillery fire was aimed at
the Marines, claiming that the
Americans were dug in side-by-
side with the Lebanese army
around Beirut airport. "How can
I know who is firing on me,
Marines or the Lebanese army?"
he asked.
Jumblatt defended the pre-
sence of Syrian forces in Lebanon
on grounds that they had been
invited by the Beirut government
in 1976 to try to restore peace
between warring Christian and
Moslem factions. He contended
that if the Syrians were to leave,
there would be more rather than
less violence
Israelis Number
4 Million Now
the eve of Rosh Hashanah,
Israel's population was estimated
at 4,110,000, the Central Bureau
of Statistics reported. Of the
total population, 3,407,000 are
Jews (82.9 percent) and 703,000
are non-Jews.
In the past year Israel's
population increased by 78.000
people, a growth of 1.8 percent,
compared to 1.6 percent in the
previous year. Of the 78,000
people, 57,000 were Jews, an
increase of 1.6 percent compared
to 1.4 percent in the previous
The non-Jewish population
yicreesed by 2L,0Q0pr 2.8percent
Community Calendar
September 26
Pioneer Women-Kmneret, 12:30 p.m. meeting B'nai B'rith-;
Naomi, 12:30p.m. meeting
September 27
Temple Beth El, 8 p.m. meeting Pioneer Women-Zipporah,
12:30 p.m. meeting American Red Magen David for Israel,
7:30p.m. meeting
September 21
Women's American ORT-Region Board Meeting, 10 a.m.
Hadassah Aviva, 12 noon meeting Women's AmencanORT-
Delray, 12:30 p.m. meeting Anshei Emuna-Sisterhood, 10a.m.
Board meeting
September 29
Temple Beth El, 8 p.m. Board meeting Women's AmencanORT
-Oriole, 12:30p.m. meeting
Religious Directory
1401 N.W. 4th Ave.. Boca Raton, Fla. 33432. Conservative
Phone 392-8566, Rabbi Theodore Feldman. Hazzan Donald I
Roberts. Sabbath Services: Friday at 8:15 p.m., Saturday at
9:30 a.m. Family Shabbat Service 2nd Friday of each month |
Minyan on Monday and Thursday mornings at 8:15 a.m.
16189 Carter Road 1 block south of Linton Blvd., Delray |
Beach, Florida 33446. Orthodox. Rabbi Dr. Louis L. Sacks
Daily Torah Seminar preceding services at 7:45 a.m. and 5 p.m.
Sabbath and Festival Services 8:45 a.m. Sabbath Torah class 51
p.m. Phone 499-9229.
Conservative Services at Carteret Savings and Loanl
Association Office, West Atlantic, comer Carter Road, Delray
Beach. Fridays. 8 p.m. and Oneg Shabbat, Saturdays, 9 a.m
and Kiddush. Edward Dorfman. President 499-6687 Temple
Office 14600 Cumberland Drive, Delray Beech. Fla. 33446. |
Phone 496-0466. Rabbi Emeritus Jonah J. Kahn.
333 S.W. Fourth Avenue, Boca Raton. Fla. 33432. Reform.
Phone: 391-8900. Rabbi Marls E. Singer. Assistant Rabbi
Richard Agler, Cantor Martin Rosen. Shabbat Eve Services at 8
p.m. Family Shabbath Service at 8 p.m. 2nd Friday of Each
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 340016. Boca Raton. FIs. 334K I
Conservative. Located in Century Village, Boca. Daily Service*
8 a.m. and 5 p.m. Saturday 8:46 a.m., Sunday 9 a.m Rsuben
Saluman. President, Joseph M. Pollack, Cantor, 483-6667.
5780 West Atlantic Ave.. Delray Beach. Fla. 33445 Con-
servative. Phone: 498-3636. Bernard A Silver. Rabbi; Naftaly
A. Linkovsky, Cantor. Sabbath Services: Friday at 8 p m, [
Saturday at 8:45 a.m.. Daily Minyans at 8:46 a.m and 5 p m
Cason United Methodist Church. 342 N. Swinton Ave. (con*
Lake Ida Rd.). Delray Beach. FL Reform. Mailing Address: RU
Box 1901. Delray Beach, Fla. 33444. Friday at 8:16 pm Raw
Samuel Silver^President Samuel Rothstein, 276-6161.

September 23,1963
The Jewish Floridian of South County
Page 11
aeli Law and the Transition of Power
Director ADL,
Jerusalem Office
d's constitutional process
Ed out in its basic laws for
a stable transition of
r from one government to
EL By law, the government
ordinate to the Knesset and
lent upon a Knesset
[jiv for its establishment.
j are two ways in which a
nment may be formed. One
elections to the Knesset.
ions must be held no later
every four years. Earlier
kbns, however, may take
if the Knesset votes to
jve itself by a simple
yityof 61 votes.
other method is through
jential process. This is the
jrea in which the president,
]ly a figurehead, possesses
ionary political powers.
ne Minister Menachem
upon submitting his
J resignation (and therefore,
Lv, that of his entire govern-
| to President Herzog, will
i the process of establish-
[i new government without
irily going to the elec-
the president has the
ion in hand, he is obliged
It with Knesset faction
to determine who can
the backing of a Knesset
ity. After a maximum three
of consultations, the
nt must call on a member
Knesset (in practice, a
of one of the major parties)
in his opinion, has the best
of forming a government.
designated candidate then
21 days to form a govern-
and may be granted an
ion of another 21 days by
president. If the candidate
muster the required 61
, the president may turn to
t candidate to try and
a government. (After the
attempt fails, the Knesset
sponsor a bill calling for its
dissolution even if the
t continues his efforts).
president may inform the
tr or the Knesset that he
no realistic possibility of
a government from the
Knesset. Should this
the Knesset may vote to
e itself and set a date for
til a new government is
bushed, either by the presi-
or the electoral process,
itgoing cabinet continues to
in office with all its func-
and responsibilities.
fact, the "transition"
ment is, in some ways,
stable than it was prior to
n insomuch as law
its any minister from
it or for the Knesset to
its existence by a vote of
Jdence. In other words, for
ation of its existence the
jtjon government can act
m the concern that a
tied coalition faction may
away and thereby topple it.
'ength of time it will take
a new government is
"d by the Knesset
upon whether the presi-
or electoral process is
*L If the former, one
allow for four to six weeks
the various party factions
.'Pee on the political make
the new government.
the Knesset opt for early
> it's unlikely to fix a
P> than five months from
jit decides to dissolve itself.
Way allows the parties to
up campaign machinery
Pnuta the running of army
* and civil servants, who
^red to resign their
at least 100 days prior
tton day.
law requires that Knesset
* be held within a four-
Jkrval. At the very latest,
T government must be
hed by June of 1965. The
earliest that elections can be
called is the spring of 1984 since
the Knesset is currently in recess
and will not reconvene until
October. In view of the current
set of political circumstances in
which neither of the two major
parties appear capable of forming
a stable coalition government, it
is likely that elections will take
place sometime next year.
Listed below is the distribution
of factions in the present
Knesset. Numerically, the Labor
Party has the largest representa-
tion (50 seats). But that does not
necessarily mean it will have the
first opportunity to try and form
a government. For that, it will
have to elicit the backing of
parties currently in the Likud
It is up to the president to
exercise judgment as to which
party leader has the best chance
to form a government.
The Coalition is: Likud, with
46 seats; N.R.P., 5 seats; Agudat
Israel, 4 seats; Tehiya, 3 seats;
Tami, 3 seats; Mordechai Ben
Porat (Ind. Faction), 1 seat;
Rabbi Chaim Druckman (Ind.
Faction), 1 seat; and Yigal
Hurvitz (Ind. Faction), 1 seat; all
totaling 64.
The opposition is: Alignment
(with citizens' rights), 50 seats;
Hadash, 4 seats; and Shinui, 2
seats; totaling56.
Sephardic Emphasis
Jewish Folklore Collection
Goes to Haifa IL;
Contains 15,000 Items
The world's largest col-
lection of recorded Jewish
folklore came under the
care of the Department of
Hebrew and Comparative
Literature at the Uni-
versity of Haifa on Sept. 1.
Consisting of more than 15,000
recorded Jewish and Arabic
folktales, the Israel Folklore
Archive founded in 1955
has labored to collect examples of
Jewish folklore from many
countries, with the emphasis on
the folklore of Sephardic Jewry.
According to Dr. Aliza
Shenhar, head of Haifa Univer-
sity's Department of Hebrew and
Comparative Literature, the uni-
versity "is the best place for the
archive. For academic reasons, I
feel that it must be here. We have
been working with it for years
and now that it will be situated at
the university, we can develop it
more effectively. By being here, it
is also a great benefit for the
students, since they will not have
to leave the university to conduct
their research."
Shenhar's guidance, has been the
subject of two major projects
over the past 10 years. In 1979, a
compilation of a year's worth of
listening and recording sessions
of members of the community of
Beit Shean, a predominantly
Sephardic development town 45
miles south of Tiberias, resulted
in the publication of a book,
"Folktales of Beit Shean,"
authored by Shenhar and Haia
Determined to build upon their
success, the staff of the folklore
unit of Haifa University next
embarked on a three-year
program .to record the folktales of
the residents of Shlomi, a de-
velopment town near Israel's
northern border.
The difference between the two
projects is in the presentation of
the collected and compiled mate-
rial. In "Folktales from Shlomi,"
also authored by Shenhar and
Bar-Yitzhak, the folktales are
printed in the speaker's native
language, Moroccan Arabic with
a Hebrew translation.
that "only in their native
language could these people real-
ly begin to convey the beauty of
the tales. All the nuances and de-
tails were brought out and re-
vealed. The tales are so very
beautiful that we wanted to avoid
doing the book only in Hebrew.
In Hebrew the storyteller is un-
comfortable and the folktales
come out too simple."
When "Folktales From
'the arena for everyone's war and everyone's revolution.'
He said that the withdrawal of Israeli troops from the
Shouf mountains had triggered the escalation of the
present hostilities.
Lebanon Urges Outsiders
To Leave 'Immediately'
UNITED NATIONS (JTA) Lebanon has called
on "all non-Lebanese forces" to leave Lebanon im-
mediately and urged the Security Council to help achieve
a ceasefire in view of the growing hostilities between
various factions in Lebanon.
IN A BRIEF MEETING of the Security Council
Monday afternoon, which was convened at the request of
Lebanon, Ambassador Ghassan Tueni, Special Envoy of
Shlomi" was published a copy of Lebanon, said that all foreign forces in Lebanon became
it was presented to former Pre- **------------*------------------'-------- -* "'
sident Yitzhak Navon. He prais-
ed the method of presentation as
a way to preserve a portion of the
Sephardic Jewish heritage, espe-
cially the heritage of those Jews
who immigrated from Morocco.
Shenhar is presently working
to record Jewish versions of the
story of Cinderella. "People
are very aware of the
story of Cinderella as was told by
the brothers Grimm and by the
Walt Disney movie," she said.
"Everyone knows of it primarily
in its European setting. How-
ever, a traditional folktale about
this subject has also been a part
of Jewish folklore. Most versions
appear to have originated in
Morocco, and the story is one of
the most common tales that
mothers tell their daughters."
work has been in the collection of
those folktales which have been
passed from generation to gene-
ration, Shenhar is also involved
in the collection and recording of
modern Israeli folktales and
"I am trying to collect modern
folklore in Israel while it is still in
the process of being created,"
Shenhar said. "When one listens
to the modern tales, it is possible
to see how strictly modern acti-
vities are being told in the tradi-
tional form and style."
Mixed Reactions toDecision
On Doctors* Wage Increase
The decision of a govern-
ment-appointed arbitrator
to grant doctors a 60 per-
cent wage increase spread
retroactively over a two-
year period, drew mixed
reactions this week.
The Finance Ministry said the
sularv hike was within the 22 per-
cent wage increase ceiling ap-
plicable to all public employees.
But the ruling by arbitrator
David Shoham was denounced by
representatives of hospital-
employed doctors. The Medical
Association welcomed it, but
with reservations. The decision,
however, is binding on all parties.
The Treasury seemed to be the
most satisfied. Officials noted
that advances already paid to
physicians more than covered the
increases that will be paid retro-
f actively beginning now
ending next spring. They said
that no new money will have to
be raised for the time being.
BUT TRADE union leaders
disputed the claim that the salary
awards were within the 22 per-
cent limit. They said it violated
the national wage ceiling agree-
ment and that other groups of
workers will now demand equal
The doctors also won their
demand for shorter hours. The
arbitrator ordered a 45-hour work
week and stipulated that half of
the hospital staff doctors, parti-
cularly young residents, work
only 42 hours, with generous
overtime payments.
The decision to submit the
issues to binding arbitration,
once bitterly opposed by the
Finance Ministry, ended a four-
month strike by publicly em-
ployed doctors.
Joseph Rubin is a dedicated man. devoted to his
family, his business, his community. For many years he
has been actively involved in fraternal, civic and temple
organizations ... helping and supporting people with
sensitivity and integrity, as a community leader, as a
neighbor and as a friend.
He brings these same caring qualities to his position as director and owner of Beth
Israel. South Palm Beach County s only Jewish Funeral Home thoughtfully attend
ing to every detail in his own very personal and compassionate manner. Joseph
Rubinalways there as friend of the community... as wd as friend in time of need.
-Tin wise person thinks *bout BETH ISRAEL -RUBIN
making funeral ore-arrangements ** ^ __ M^asmm
the thoughtful and consider a le IHCJHOMAL CHAPCL
person does it' As* about the Famty
Protection Plan which provides se-
curity and peace of mind for you and
your loved ones.
499-8000/732 3000

ti.. r~~..J. BUwiJin* nf South County
Tfce JewwA Floridian of South County
t HMI/ ( W *"J **,
Warning: The Surgeon General Has Determined
That Cigarette Smoking Is Dangerous to Your Health.
SOn PACK 100s FILTER MENTHOL 2 mo, "W. 0.2 mg. nicotim
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