The Jewish Floridian of South County


Material Information

The Jewish Floridian of South County
Portion of title:
Jewish Floridian
Added title page title:
Jewish Floridian of South Broward
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
F.K. Shochet.
Place of Publication:
Boca Raton, Fla


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Boca Raton (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Palm Beach County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Boca Raton


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Dec. 14, 1979)-
General Note:
The Apr. 20, 1990 issue of The Jewish Floridian of South County is bound in and filmed with v. 20 of The Jewish Floridian of South Broward.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 44560186
lccn - sn 00229543
System ID:

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Related Items:
Jewish Floridian

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Full Text
^Jemsti Ffcridliar?
Of South County
Serving Boca Raton, Defray Beach and Highland Beach
[Volume 4-Number 20
Boca Raton, Florida Friday. May 14, 1982
' fnd Shoclyl
'.Price 35 Cent*
Navon Warns Against Racial Charges
Ungry Reaction Greets News of Hatzeira's Suspended Sentences
-The conviction of
tharon Abu-Hatzeira on
.harges of larceny, fraud
and breach of trust, for
which he received sus-
ended sentences by a Tel
\viv district court, has
triggered angry repercuss-
tons here. Interior Minister
/osef Burg responded
sharply to attacks on his
linistry by leaders of
imi, the three-men
Knesset faction headed by
President Yitzhak Navon
strongly admonished some of
Abu-Hatzeira's supporters who
contended that the conviction
was a slur by the "Ashkenazic
establishment" against Israel's
Sephardic" community.
resigned as Minister of Labor,
Welfare and Absorption after his
conviction, was given suspended
sentences of 30 months, 18
months and three months on the
three counts, and fined 3,500
Shekels (about M70). He is ap-
pealing his sentence and intends
to hold on to his Knesset seat
pending a ruling by the Supreme
His former aide and co-
defendant, Moshe Gabal, con-
victed on the same counts, re-
ceived a 12-month suspended
sentence and was fined 500 Shek-
els (about $25). Both men had
faced penalties of up to seven
years imprisonment.
Judge Victoria Ostrovsky-
Cohen justified the suspended
sentences on grounds that both
defendants has already suffered
from the publicity attending their
case. Abu-Hatzeira's supporters
took this as a victory for the
Moroccan-born minister and
carried him from the courthouse
on their shoulders.
NAVON. who is himself of Se-
phardic origin, condemned the
defamatory slogans scrawled on
the courthouse building and on
walls around Tel Aviv denounc-
ing the judge and the "Ashken-
azic establishment." He said
these manifestations "must
abhor and shock every citizen of
Israel." Navon blamed the Tami
leadership directly for the van-
dalism and declared, "Without
regard for political party or
ethnic origin, we must all decry
this phenomenon.
The charges on which Abu-
Hatzeira was convicted stemmed
from his administration of a
State-supported charitable fund
when he was Mayor of Ramie
seven years ago. Abu-Hatzeira
has been at odds with Burg's Na-
tional Religious Party since he
defected from the NRP last year
and formed Tami to participate in
the 1981 Knesset elections.
Politicking Brings Storm of Protest
Cabinet Grounds All Future El Al Flights Saturdays
The Cabinet, at the
.renuous urging of
remicr Menachem Begin,
ecided that Israel's
lational airline, El Al, is to
oast' operations on the
abbath and religious holi-
tys. It empowered an ad
ioc ministerial committee
o work out a new "time-ta-
lc and other arrange-
oents" with the manage-
rs of the State-owned
arrier set a three-month
leadline for the Sabbath
ban to go into effect.
The ban on SabBath flights
'* one of the concessions to reli-
jon the Aguda Israel party ex-
icted from Begin as the price for
joining his coalition government.
egin. who is himself observant,
irgued for the ban on religious
ind moral grounds and insisted
hat coalition agreements must
be honored, Cabinet Secretary
Dan Meridor told reporters.
IN EFFECT, Begin rejected
the majority report of a govern-
ment-appointed committee which
found that the suspension of
service on the Sabbath and holi-
days would cost the financially
shaky airline about $40 million
But a major fight loomed be-
tween El Al employes and the
government over the Cabinet's
decision. Eli Ben-Menachem, a
spokesman for the ail line's
workers committees, said the em-
ployees would consider what
action to take but indicated
nothing immediate.
However, he branded the
Cabinet decision a violation of
the law which stipulates that
government-owned corporations
must operate strictly in accord-
ance with economic considera-
tions. Ben-Menachem said the
employees would oppose the de-
cision and that the workers com-
mittees of the country's 13 larg-
est enterprises would support
them, hinting at the possibility of
a general strike that could
paralyze the nation.
The El Al management, which
is appointed by the Cabinet, had
no immediate reaction. A com-
pany spokesman said the manag-
ing board was waiting for further
details from Transport Minister
Haim Corfu.
. MERIDOR TOLD reporters
--?hat the ministers acknowledged
that the Sabbath ban would
mean a reduction of El Al activi-
ties but said there was no talk of
lay-offs. He said El Al's figures
as to the possible losses were
treated with skepticism by some
ministers who charged that El Al
workers only wanted to protect
the overtime pay they earn work-
ing on the Sabbath and holidays.
Two Knesset members, Dan
Tichon and Dror Seigerman of
AJCongress Testimony
Unemployment Comp Recommended
WASHINGTON amount of work available.
_> Enable workers to continue
rhe American Jewish Com- "INSTEAD OF laying off_ 10 ^^SSSjS.^ **"*
Provide an opportunity for
?MsMsz SS=SS=a! jsq&&3&
Iting states to pay partial
[unemployment compensa-
tion to employees whose
[work weeks have been
[reduced because of
leconomic downturns. Such
egislation, the human rela-
tions agency argued, would
[be particularly beneficial to
[minority group members
land women and would les-
sen the likelihood of inter-
group tensions.
Testifying before the House
subcommittee on Public Assis-
ance and Unemployment Cond-
ensation, Evan Bayer, Urban
Affairs Specialist in AJC's
smestic Affairs Department,
minted out that changes in state
unemployment insurance laws
would allow employers to set
vork-sharing plans rather than
b> off individual workers when
conomic conditions reduced the
- Bay
put all 50 on a four-day week,
with each worker eligible to claim
one day of unemployment com-
"Such a plan," she said,
"would allow more minority and
women workers, usually last-
hired and first-fired, to retain
their jobs, and would thus help
preserve the results of affirma-
tive action plans undertaken in
recent years."
Commending Rep. Patricia
Schroeder, (D., Colo.) who has in-
troduced a bill to provide for
partial unemployment com-
pensation, Bayer said that work-
sharing plans would also:
Reduce tensions among
groups in the work force.
Maintain the fringe benefits
such as health insurance, life
insurance, and pension rights
that are dropped with unemploy-
increased leisure while retaining
needed seniority and benefits.
Maintain productivity be-
cause of higher morale and the
preservation of employees' skills.
Avoid the hiring and training
costs that would be incurred
when economic conditions im-
proved and new workers were
Reduce the public assistance
expenditures needed for unem-
ployed workers.
Minimize the social costs of
unemployment, such as added
medical expenses and possible in-
creases in the rate of crime.
AJC, said Bayer, believes
"that full and fair employment
for all is an essential ingredient of
a democratic society, and that a
democratic government can have
no more urgent goal than to
assure to all its citizens the op-
portunity for gainful and digni-
fied work.
Likud's Liberal wing, said they
would vote against the govern-
ment's decision if the matter
came to the Knesset. But the
government apparently feels it
could push the measure through
with the support of religious
members of the opposition fac-
tions. The Labor Party and
Mapam have called urgent meet-
ings on the matter.
Meanwhile, the Gur Rebbe,
Simcha Bunim Alter, a member
of the Aguda Israel's Council of
Sages, said he would propose a
boycott of El Al by Aguda con-
stituents because the Cabinet
had failed to order an immediate
cessation of Sabbath flights. He
said he would not accept a three-
month delay because the govern-
ment had promised the Sabbath
ban would be in effect by Pass-
But Aguda MK Menachem
Porush expressed satisfaction
with the decision and praised
Begin as "a man who kept his
promises." He called on religious
workers not to support any strike
calls "for monetary gain against
Sabbath observance."
greater part of an address to de-
fending the Cabinet's decision
Sunday to halt El Al flights on
the Sabbath and religious holi-
He argued that the Sabbath is
a noble concept that Jewry gave
the world and the nations' air
carrier of the Jewish State must
not flout it.
Begin expressed the Orthodox
point of view when he stated that
the issue must not be determined
by purely economic factors. He
noted that observant Jews in the
diaspora in years gone by had
"lost a lot of money" by keeping
their shops closed on the Sabbath
when local authorities refused to
allow them to open on Sundays.
According to a report by a
government-appointed commit-
tee, the financially troubled El Al
stands to lose some $40 million a
year because of the Sabbath ban.
Begin was heckled vigorously
on the El Al issue by Laborites
who saw the Sabbath ban as a
surrender to the Orthodox Aguda
Israel in order to preserve his
government's narrow Knesset
BEGIN SAID his government
would not "take account of any
threats," a reference to warnings
by Et Al employees that they
would fight against the Sabbath
ban, possibly by a general strike.
He urged El Al workers "to
maintain industrial peace for the
next several years," claiming
that if they did, "El Al will no
longer need subsidies to stay
Begin said the three-month
deadline for imposing the Sab-
bath ban was firm. In that way
he sought to allay suspicion by
the Aguda Israel that the
government intended to drag its
feet, possibly until new elections
are called.
Extra Edition. The Publisher of the Jewish
Floridian in cooperation with the South Coun-
ty Jewish Federation intended that last week's
edition would begin the summer bi-weekly
publishing schedule.
However, to meet national advertising
commitments, the Publisher will produce a
newspaper this week. Thus, you get an extra
edition of the Floridian. Since the Federation
is not involed, there will be no local reporting.
Enjoy reading the national news. Your next bi-
weekly Floridian will be the May 28 edition.

Page 2
The Jewish Floridian of South County
Friday, M,yi4]
The Fear of Figuring
How to Beat Intimidation of the Numbers Game
< optnglil HoltimonJru ,.li Tim,.
Rrpnnt h\ Special Arroriftmtll
AU PuhUcanon Righlt Httrr, ra
The symptoms are un-
mistakably clear sweaty
palms, an instant head-
ache, glazed disinterest,
fidgeting, even hostility.
Sufferers tend to wear
digital watches,own pocket
calculators and take pride
when they and their bank
come within $50 of agreeing
on their checking account
Indiscriminately striking
young and, high and low, rich
and poor, you, too. could be a
sufferer, and if the above sym-
ptoms describe you. you're a
victim of the list of modern woes.
Math anxiety.
NO ONE has actually studied
math anxiety. But several sur-
veys indicate up to 80 percent of
the nation has it. The problem is
that each survey has its own defi-
nition of math anxiety. Clearly
there are different levels. Faced
with a difficult problem, even a
mathematician can get anxious,
Dr. Stanley Kogelman cheerfully
Speaking on the topic "Mind
Over Math" at Johns Hopkins
University recently, Dr. Kogel-
man has to guess the number of
people who dislike math.
But, he figures, most people
are victims, and distaste for the
subject flames forever. Even in
social situations, upon dis-
covering that Dr. Kogelman is a
mathematician, new acquaint-
ances tend to grunt at him or say
things like I hated math" and
Chairman of the Department of
Mathematics at the State Uni-
versity of New York at Purchase.
Dr. Kogelman does not take such
snubs personally. All of us, i:
.seems can remember with greet
clarity some moment when we
were called to solve a problem at
the blackboard, laboriously came
up with an answer (wrong, unfor-
tunately I and felt humiliated in
front of our peers.
cumstances, the natural reaction
is to avoid math, if at all possible,
for the rest of your life. Bosses,
for example, tend to pass on the
math work to subordinates. Dr.
Kogelman has even seen people
make certain life decisions, such
as what to major in in college, on
the basis of avoiding math.
Dr. Kogelman s goal in the
consulting firm he directs and the
book he co-authored recently,
both entitled "Mind Over Math."
is to eradicate that fear. He
doesn't expect the impossible
that we might come to like math
but simply wants us to
consider mathematical ability
among our accomplishments.
There are three steps to over-
coming math anxiety. The first is
separating emotions from the
subject. No one is born hating
math; it is not, in other words, a
biological function. Rather, the
hostility has psychological roots
which can, with effort, be over-
THAT IS why Dr. Kogelman
added in an aside, you should
never suggest to your child that
not doing well in math is genetic.
Even as a joke, for instance,
don't say things such as "I never
had a mind for math" or "I never
could do math." Better to say, "I
always had difficulty with math
because I was blocked," said the
prof-ssor. who also has a degree
in jcial work.
Among the psychological roots
of math anxiety is the perception
of math as a rigid, authoritarian
subject. "The instructions say
add. substract, multiply'. People
see them as commands and they
ask. why is math ordering me
around? Why can't it be nice like
other subjects that say please
discuss?" Dr. Kogelman ex-
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Reinforcing this perception is
the way math is often taught, a*
a set of rules to be followed in
strict order. "How many of you
use your fingers to do math? And
were told you shouldn't, that it's
wrong?" he asked the audience.
"I don't see anything wrong with
it but if you do it quietly,
against the side of your chair
you feel guilty. You become a
secret finger counter."
HOWEVER, math has been,
and continues to be as far as Dr.
Kogelman is concerned, tied to
sexual stereotyping. Women are
more likely to be anxious about
math than men, he believes,
because of the subtle message
conveyed at home and in school
that it is somehow "not right" for
females to excel in math.
Then, too, there is the intrinsic
nature of math which requires
"the willingness to take risks.
After looking over a problem, you
have to try different solutions,"
he said. "For many, risk-taking is
a major difficulty."
And math requires focusing
on details. It may take an hour to
read one math page, which some
people just don't like.
"People work on a math prob-
lem for 30 seconds, a minute,"
Dr. Kogelman remarked. "If they
can't finish it by then, they give
up. They feel if they can't go it in
a short period of time, they're not
doing it right."
NOW THAT you are an adult,
you will not be dropped into a
moat of crocodiles if you don't
finish a problem quickly. You can
relax, take your time, even take a
break if you get stuck on a prob-
lem and come back to it later.
Not only do people feel pres-
sured to solve math problems
quickly, but they sometimes are
working against their own per
tonalities. "Some people are just
not good at timed tests," the pro-
fessor noted.
You should also be realistic
about the math rules you learned
in school. Mathematical ability,
like the ability to speak foreim
languages, becomes rusty if*
not part of your daily routtv
The intricacies of fractions, K
centages, algebra and geometri
are hiding in the nooks and
crannies of your brain. You miito
remember pieces of ruies or
member whole rules but fore,
their context. So when
solve a problem,
you toy I
"Don't try to remember then*
rules. That works against y(
You don t want to focus on
membenng things. You want
focus on solving problems."
Dr. Kogelman doesn't adheJ
to the strict method most sc
use to teach math, at least i
presentation to adults. In t
to make math resemble son]
thing close to "fun," he urge,
people to try what he calls
"creative approaches." if you
feel you nave to do math pro|>
lems by some prescribed set of
rules," he cautions, "it's not
going to be fun."
In a demonstration of his ap-
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Friday. May 14.1982
The Jewish Floridian of South County
Page 3
A t Dedication
Gotham's Koch, Israel's Blum Rap UN
NEW YORK The world centers of virulent anti-
United Nations was sharp- Semitism." He referred to those
ly attacked at the dedica-
Try Your Luck on This One
. pon receiving the mimeographed sheet of math problems,
the. reporter of this story, a chrr lie victim of math anxiety,
sustained an immediate attack. Not only did she not understand
the problems, she did not understand t resolutions, thus main-
taining an unblemished record of math ineptitude.
Linda has 12.16 in dimes and quarters. She has three more
quarters than dimes. Find the number she has of each kind of
The minute hand and hour hand of a clock are together at
exactly 12 o'clock. Between 12 o'clock midnight and twelve
0 clock noon, how many times are the minute hand and the hour
hand ol a dock at right angles to each other?
Answer No. 1: seven quarters, four dimes. Answer No. 2: 22.
The Fear of Figuring
Continued from Page 2
Iproach for the Hopkins audience,
|i)r Kogelman handed out a
limmgraphed sheet with two
[math problems. Allowing time to
]work the problems, he then called
[for answers and particularly, how
Ithe answers were reached.
relearn fraction, decimals and
percentages if you've forgotten.
All Publication Rights
tion of a monument
to Jewish victims of the
Nazi Holocaust. The
memorial, erected by the
Anti-Defamation League of
Bnai B'rith, stands in Dag
Hammarskjold Plaza close
to UN headquarters.
Speaking before a 13-foot-by-
21-foot pink granite wall contain-
ing seven bronze bas-reliefs de-
picting the massacre of six-mil-
lion Jews in World War II, New
York Mayor Edward I. Koch de-
clared that it was important the
monument stand "in the shadow
"It is a ringing rebuke to all
who perpetuate the vileness of
anti-Semitism, to all who would
feed the evil fires of any and all
racial and religious persecution."
as a monument to hypocrisy."
Yehuda Blum, Israel's ambas-
sador to the UN, accused the
United Nations of "reviving and
promoting criminal designs
against the Jewish people." He
said that "perversion of the
human language at the UN is in-
tended to be a preliminary to
physical onslaught against the
Jewish people and the State of
Ambassador Blum praised Ar-
bit Blatas, internationally-known
artist and sculptor who carried
out the bas-reliefs, and the ADL
for "having erected this monu-
ment across the street from the
headquarters of international hy-
UN delegates who propagate
anti-Jewish bigotry, as "moral
perverts, bigots and liars."
ADL national director Nathan
Perlmutter declared that "across
the street at the United Nations,
where Zionsim is defined as rac-
ism, we also have heard charges
that Israel is guilty of crimes
against humanity. That charge
has been leveled in one other
forum Nennburg. That charge
is not only an irony, it is an ob-
diplomats, including Soviet rep-
resentatives and those who
"thirst for oil and itch for petro-
dollars," to stand before the wall.
"Maybe they will better under-
stand that our resolve to live is
stronger than their greed," he
Blatas, who was born in
Lithuania and whose parents
were victims of the Holocaust,
was honored by Beninmin R. Ep-
stein, executive vice presi-
dent of the ADL Foundation.
He presented the artist with
the Masada Award of the
Foundation and, in behalf of
Mayor Koch, a Certificate of Ap-
preciation from the City of New
Burton M. Joseph, president of
the ADL Foundation and chair-
man for the dedication ceremony,
concluded by declaring that "we
affirm our commitment to build a
world in which a Holocaust can
never happen again."
Opera singer Kegina Resnik.
wife of Mr. Blatas,- read the in-
scription on the monument wall,
titled Zavhor (Remember).

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THE FIRST problem looked
suspiciously like an algebra word
problem. But though several peo-
ple in the audience figured out
i he correct answer, only one of
them used the algebraic method.
VThe rest applied various inge-
[nious methods, to Dr. Kogel-
! man's delight. He said that as
long as you arrive at the correct
answer, whatever method you
use is okay.
The final step to overcoming
math anxiety. Dr. Kogelman
observed, is to go back and learn
all those math rules you've for-
Start with the last thing you
"In t understand." he said,
kiting that for most people, htat
i means fractions. "Math
knowledge is cumulative," he
i-ontinued. "so vou have to
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Page 4
77ie Jewish Floridian of South County
Friday. Apri* 9.1062
FMdey, May 14,1902
Jewish Floridian
Editof and PubiMhw
o South County
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Friday, May 14, 1982
Volume 4
21 IYAR 5742
Number 20
Newest U.S. Slap
In Israel's Face
There could not have been a more stinging slap
in the face by the U.S. of Israel than its decision in
Amman last week to sell some of our most advanced
and sophisticated weapons to Jordan. The decision
came only days after Israel's humbling withdrawal
from the Sinai desert, a move so nationally agonizing
and traumatic, that it should have underscored for all
people of good-will the enormous proportion of Isra-
el's craving for peace.
Instead, Reagan Administration spokesmen sat
in the Hashemite Kingdom's capital city carving out
yet another dilemma for an increasingly beleaguered
Israel, creating an even stronger enemy on Israel's
eastern border, chipping away all the more relent-
lessly at the qualitative edge Israel still has over its
Arab neighbors, but which seems fast to be dwind-
All of this, of course, as word emanates from the
White House and the State Department of still newer
and more massive pressures to be applied on Israel
for newer and more massive land-for-peace conces-
sions now that the Sinai has been returned to Egypt.
Most galling about the Reagan Administration
announcement Tuesday was th'.- apparent ease with
which it confessed that the Pentagon had prevailed
over the Administration's alleged determination to
link the arms sale to a promise from Jordan that the
weapons would never be used against Israel.
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'Squeal' Rule Opposed
Kids Said to Have Contraception Choice^
American Jewish Congress
says it is strongly opposed
to the so-called "squeal"
rule that would require fed-
erally-funded family plan-
ning clinics to notify par-
ents when a minor receives
prescription contracep-
The organization predicts that
25 percent of teen-agers who now
use the clinics would boycott
them while continuing their
sexual activities, thereby boost-
ing the incidence of unintended
pregnancies and abortions.
In a strongly-worded letter to
Marjory Mecklenburg, acting
deputy assistant secretary for
population affairs in the U.S. De-
partment of Health and Human
Services, AJCongress took ex-
ception to the department's pro-
posed regulations that would re-
quire parental notification by
clinic personnel.
IN THE view of the AJCon-
gress, "reproductive freedom is a
fundamental right, grounded in
the most basic notions of per-
sonal privacy, individual in-
tegrity and religious liberty," as-
serted Nathan Z. Dershowitz,
director of the organization's
Commission on Law and Social
Action, who signed the letter to
Mecklenburg. The proposed
notification "would directly and
improperly inject the federal
government into issues which are
fundamentally private," he
Dershowitz noted that the pro-
posed rules "blatantly con-
travene the letter and spirit" of
current federal law which is
aimed at encouraging wider use
of government-funded family
planning facilities.
The AJCongress letter said it
is "reassured" by the results of a
survey showing that more than
half of the teenagers now attend-
ing family clinics nationwide do
so with their parents' knowledge.
But it indicated it was concerned
about those youngsters, consti-
tuting a quarter of all those who
use the clinics, who said they
would not come if their parents
had to be notified.
"SQUEALING" on teen-agers
is "insensitive and irresponsi-
ble," the letter stated. Although
some youngsters might forgo
sexual activity, many more
would simply continue to be
sexually active but would rely on
far less effective non-prescription
contraceptive techniques, it de-
The letter said AJCongrwi
supports the current language of
the law which calls for federally
funded clinks to "encourage
minors who come to them for as-
sistance to involve their parents
but does not force the clinic per-
sonnel to notify parents if the
youngsters refuse to do so.
Plaque Memorializes German School Children
BONN (JTA) A plaque in memory of 20 Jewish
school children who were murdered by the Nazis after*
having been subjected to inhuman medical experiments
was dedicated in Hamburg. Wolfgang Tarnowski, the
city's senior official for cultural affairs, denounced the
crime as one of the most brutal of the Nazi regime.
One of the murderers is still alive, Arnold Strippel, the
SS official said to have ordered the children put to death.
The children were hanged on April 20, 1945, shortly before
Germany surrendered in order to cover up the effects of
the experiment.
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Friday. May 14,1982
The Jewish Floridian of South County
Ultm Lights

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Page 6
The Jewish Floridian of South County
Frkky. Auric IMS
Friday, May 14, 1982
News in Brief
British Jews on Griddle Over Falkland Islands War
By JTA Report
LONDON Leaders of
Anglo-Jewry have received
abusive letters and telephone
calls following press reports of
Israeli arms supplies to Argen-
tina, which have caused strains
between London and Jerusalem.
Unlike the DAIA. the central
Jewish community organization
in Argentina, which has hailed
the Argentine invasion of the
Falkland Islands, the Board of
Deputies of British Jews has re-
frained from issuing unqualified
support for the government of
Britain in the Falkland's crisis.
Greviile Janner, the president
of the Beard and a member of
Parliament, justified this caution
by noting the absence of unanim-
ity in the Jewish community, as
in Britain as a whole, about the
government's handling of the
crisis. At the same time, he
voiced British Jewry's profound
concern for the safety of British
forces defending the Falkland's.
Children in W. Germany
Targets of Anti-Semitism
BONN A Jewish student
spokesman charged that Jewish
children in West (iermanv are
regular targets of anti-Semitic
verbal attacks by their school-
mates, and many youngsters are
afraid to attend kindergarten be-
cause they are exposed to anti-
Semitic insults.
According to Jacky Bigel,
spokesman for the Association of
Jewish Students in Bavaria,
Jews attending West German
universities are also exposed to
anti-Semitism and cannot live
without fear unless they conceal
their identity. Bigel said it was
commonplace that Jewish reli-
gious services could be conducted
only under heavy police guard in
synagogues protected by high
U.S. Arms Sales Erase
Israel's Qualitative Edge
el's Ambassador to the United
States Moshe Arens warned here
that the sale of sophisticated
American weapons to those Arab
states still in a state of war with
Israel threatens to "erase" Isra-
el's qualitative military superior-
ity and thereby discourage Arab
participation in the Camp David
I "'iuc process.
The Israeli envoy, addressing
350 delegates to the American
Israel Bond Holders
You do not help Israel by keeping your Israel
Bonds after maturity.
Israel must place the proceeds at the Chase
Manhattan Bank. Israel prefers you reinvest
your mature bonds into new bonds or file with
the Chase Manhattan Bank to collect your
principal plus interest.
For Information Call the
Israel Bonds Office
65J* 1445
Jewish Congress national bien-
nial convention, also claimed that
Israel's biggest concession for
peace was not the just completed
withdrawal from Sinai but its
willingness to negotiate auto-
nomy for the Palestinians on the
West Bank and Gaza Strip, be-
cause the outcome of the auto-
nomy talks are unpredictable.
Soviet Advisers Said
To be in Jordan
TEL AVIV The United
States has passed information to
Israel that "several score" Soviet
advisers are presently operating
in Jordan, according to Israeli
military sources quoted by Israel
Radio Sunday. The sources ex-
pressed hope that the Jordanians
were fully aware of the dangers
arising from the presence of Sovi-
et advisers on their soil.
Their presence is believed to be
connected with the ground-to-air
missile systems King Hussein
ordered from the Soviet Union
two years ago. Western sources
were quoted as saying the Jor-
danians intend to site the mis-
siles along their border with
Syria rather than on the border
with Israel.
Terrorist Details PLO
Ties to Red Brigade
ROME Antonio Savasta, on
trial for the murder of former
Premier Aldo Moro and other
criminal acts, has given Italian
authorities details of Palestine
Liberation Organization colla-
boration with the Red Brigade in
Italy, including extensive
weapons supplies.
According to Savasta, who
confessed chat he gave the orders
to kill Moro, the PLO delivers
arms to the Red Brigade for their
own use and to be stored for PLO
terrorist acts on Italian soil.
He said a weapons shipment
handed over in Cypris included
ground-to-air missiles, machine
guns and bombs of various types.
Another shipment smuggled into
Italy from France contained Kal-
achnikov automatic rifles, hand
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grenades and guns.
Golan Druze Accept
ID Card Compromise
TEL AVIV Golan Heights
Druze, now in the 16th week of
their strike to protest the exten-
sion of Israeli law to the region,
were reported this week to have
accepted a compromise solution
to the problem of Israeli identity
cards which the Israeli authori-
ties insist they have.
Under the proposal, worked
out by an Israeli Druze judge
from Haifa, the Golan Druze
would be given a choice of what
nationality and religion should be
entered on their cards. The Golan
residents insist they are Druze b.v
religion, Arabic by language and
ethnic background, and Syrian
by nationality. Those who claim
Syrian nationality would not be
entitled to welfare benefits from
Peres Invite
Is Withdrawn
TEL AVIV ,JTA) ,sra.
el s Labor Party has expressed
surprise and shock at the Swed
ish Labor Party's action in can-
celling its invitation to Shimon
Peres to attend May Day observ-
ances in Stockholm this year.
Peres has sent a cable to Swedish
Social Democratic leader Olaf
Palme protesting the cancella
The Swedes said the cancella-
tion was due to differences within
their party on recent Israeli
actions. especially Premier
Menachem Begins extension of
Israeli law to the Golan Heights.
Another reason given was the
possible danger of reactions by
anti-Israel Nicaraguans and Pal-
estine Liberation Organization
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Friday. May 14,1982
The Jewish Floridian of South County
Page 7
On the Book Shelf
Sachar Book Sheds New Light on Mideast History
Egypt and Israel by How-
ard M. Sachar, New
York: Richard Marek
Publishers, 1981, 384
pp. $19.95.
Events in the Middle East are
of major importance to our nation
as well as to the Jews. Newspap-
ers allot columns to the reporting
of the events as well as editoral-
izing. Too often, background
material is missing, and opinons
are expressed without consider-
ation of the causes that brought
on the events. Often the back-
ground material is omitted be-
cause it has aged with time.
We must be grateful to histor-
ians who resuscitate "aged"
material as well as filling in the
lacunae of the material that was
overlooked or unknown at the
time of the events. Howard M.
Sachar's "Egypt and Israel" has
brought to our attention facts
that produce new or additional
insights and perceptions to the
events of the past, a more thor-
ough understanding of the pre-
sent, and a hope for a better
BEGINNING with the politi-
cal history of Egypt from the
18th to the 20th century and
England's domination of the
nation, he proceeds to King
Farouk, Nasser and Sadat. Inter-
woven in this readable account is
the depiction of the attitudes of
Egyptians during the royal per-
iod and the revolutionary period
to Zionism, Palestine, Arabism,
Pan-Arabism, Egyptian Jews,
and the Jewish State.
Sachar describes the life of
Egyptian Jews who were "in
Egypt" but not "of Egypt."
They constituted a middle class
community owning some of the
largest shops in Cairo, and ser-
ving as lawyers, doctors and ex-
ecutives in the banking system.
Until 1940, their dual cultural
allegiance (to Zionism and
Egypt) "hardly ever involved
emigration to Palestine."
The Zionists were only vaguely
aware of the depths of the grow-
ing Egyptian national feeling
even as the Egyptians failed to
gauge the ultimate goals of Zion-
ism. On the eve of World War II,
King Farouk displayed his anti-
Jewish xenophobia and a militant
pan-Arabism. Nasser later outdid
Farouk, but the lesson to the
masses of Egyptians was clear
all their leaders were anti-Jewish.
AFTER EGYPT'S defeats in
1949 and 1956, Egypt gave sanc-
tuary to the fedayeen and aided
them in attacking Israeli settle-
ments. Sachar does not eleborate
on the question whether Egypt-
ians are Arabs. Nasser and Sadat
stressed Pan-Arabism because
they had grandiose goals of being
rule of the Arab world.
Sachar reports that in 1965,
"the Jewish State was equated
with imperialism" by
Nasser, "and with the traditional
hatred of Arabs and islam." One
of the questions is whether
Egyptians can forget the tirade
of hate against Jews to which
they were exposed for almost
fifty years.
The Pinchas Lavon affair is
revealed in all its ghastly comedy
of committee reports on com-
mittee reports and Ben-Gurion's
fall because of his abuse of the
"Spy Game." The political situ-
ation under the Labor party and
under Begin are discussed but
not at great length.
The return of the Sinai has cost
Israel billions of dollars and the
loss of 24 per cent of its oil sup
plies. Between 1977 and 1979,
Egypt earned $500 trillion from
the oil fields. The problems of
nurturing a Palestinian entity to
self-government in the West
Bank and Gaza, the revived
Egyptian toleration and benevol-
ence of Jews, and the task of
modernizing the nation and over-
coming domestic and economic
problems are presented.
THE AUTHOR reports on a
touching scene at El Ariah in
1979 when a group of Egyptian
wounded veterans and a like
number of Israeli wounded vets
met in order "to humanize" the
surrender of El Arish and the
parts of the Sinai.
It was to be a display of
"sulkh. a peace far deeper than
the perfunctionary Arab salaam
and denoting a more authentic
reconciliation." The two-page ac-
count is highly emotional; and
the meeting may augur more for
peace than the written agree-
ments, appendices and letters.
"Egypt and Israel" is "must"
reading for all who seek data on
the Middle East.
rule of the Arab world. the ou fields. The problems of "*c """= *JB01'
Two Friends Of Israel 'Trickle' of Nazi War Criminals m U.S. to be Deported
T?l ~ ~.-A- ~ Ji X. m___ T^_ ~J.. NF.W YORK Tb# Hi. era and government officials cases. He also noted that the full
Elected to Top Posts
proven friends of Israel were
elected to top leadership posts in
the ruling Social Democratic
Party (SPD) at its national con-
vention in Munich. Johannes
Rau, Prime Minister of North
Rhine Westphalia, the most pop-
ulous state within the Federal
Kepublic, was elected party vice
chairman by a large majority of
the 400 delegates.
Hans Jochen-Vogel, leader of
the opposition in the West Berlin
parliament, was elected to the
SPD's Central Committee, the
most important political body
within the party. Both Rau and
Vogel have consistently
demonstrated displeasure with
the Bonn Government's pro-Arab
policies, Last year, Rau demon-
stratively visited Israel at a time
the press was reporting Chancel-
lor Helmut Schmidt's refusal to
do so despite an invitation of
seven years' standing.
Vogel, as a former Minister of
Justice, has made important
contributions to a much debated
government initiative to tighten
the laws against neo-Nazi activ-
ity. According to press reports,
Vogel would be the most likely
candidate for Chancellor if and
when Schmidt resigns, and Rau
is expected to succeed Willy
Brandt as chairman of the SPD.
Their ascent to leadership
probably would open new per-
spectives for German-Israel
But the consensus among po-
litical observers here is that the
SPD has little chance to stay in
power much longer and a change
of government may come about
even before October, 1984 when
its term of office expires.
Scientist Honored
Shmuel Eisenstadt. professor of
sociology at Hebrew University
in Jerusalem and visiting profes-
sor at Harvard University, is one
of 12 scientists elected as a for-
eign associate of the National
Academy of Sciences, it was an-
nounced here.
Ho 4 Central
Broward M1-S4SS ^eeteawt Me a*
S Palm Bch 27-M ReaiawaMe Cee
Memorial Chapela
Your Notohborhood
So Ifovtrd
NEW YORK The di-
rector of the Justice De-
partment's Office of Special
Investigations, Alan A.
Ryan, has told the World
Jewish Congress that he
expects that "the months
ahead" will bring the first
deportations of Nazi war
criminals hiding in the
United States, but that
when the process begins "it
will be a trickle, not a tor-
Ryan made this disclosure at a
recent meeting with the North
American Branch of the WJC
Anti-Semitism Commission in
New York. He placed the failure
to deport Nazi criminals till now
on the "complex and terribly
time-consuming system of ap-
peals and hearings" which "en-
courages and rewards delay."
THE OFFICE of Special In-
vestigatons was established in
1979 by the Attorney General to
take legal action against former
Nazis and collaborators current
ly residing in this country who
had engaged in persecution
during the years 1933-1945. The
Office has investigated over 600
people and having won all cases it
had previously tried, has brought
to court some 18 additional cases
for trial in the months ahead.
Specifically targeted for inves-
tigation, Ryan stated, were,
"perpetrators of the Holocaust
concentration camp staff, auxil-
iary storm troopers, SS murder-
ers and government officials
who were specifically ineligible to
enter the United States under the
law" but succeeded in entering
the country by misrepresenting
their whereabouts and activities
during the War years.
Ryan reported that important
breakthroughs had been made in
engendering the cooperation of
East European government in the
investigative work. He revealed
in this connection that during a
recent visit to Moscow he had
negotiated the first agreement
ever allowing the American gov-
ernment to take testimony from
Soviet citizens.
THIS HAD resulted in receipt
of videotaped depositions of 75
Soviet witnesses which have al-
ready been used in several court
cases. He also noted that the full
cooperation of the government of
Poland continues in force despite
the imposition of martial law. He
informed the WJC Commission
that next month he will meet for
the first time with officials of
East Germany and Czechoslova-
kia in an attempt to secure their
assistance as well.
One of the difficult questions
often posed to him, Ryan said,
came from individuals who ask
what the point is in "ruining the
lives of a bunch of harmless old
men who have lived decent lives
here for 30 years, raising families,
paying taxes, and minding their
own business." Such questions,
he noted, miss the point when
they stress that these "old men"
pose no future danger to anyone:
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Page 8
The Jewish Floridian of South Countv
Friday. Aorto 9.1 Wt
__________Friday. May U, 1962
5 mg. "lar". 0.4 mg. nicotine av. per cigarette by FTC method.

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