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Monthly performance report

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Material Information

Title:
Monthly performance report South Dakota School of Mines
Uncontrolled:
South Dakota School of Mines
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Dept. of Energy
Publisher:
Dept. of Energy
Place of Publication:
Washington
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Solar energy -- South Dakota -- Keystone   ( lcsh )
Solar air conditioning   ( lcsh )
Solar heating   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
National solar data program.
General Note:
Monthly Catalog Number: gp 80010090
General Note:
National solar heating and cooling demonstration program.
General Note:
"SOLAR/2019-79/04" ; "SOLAR/2019-79/05" ; "SOLAR/2019-79/06."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 027069722
oclc - 05957475
System ID:
AA00013800:00003

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Monthly performance report South Dakota School of Mines
Uncontrolled:
South Dakota School of Mines
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Dept. of Energy
Publisher:
Dept. of Energy
Place of Publication:
Washington
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Solar energy -- South Dakota -- Keystone   ( lcsh )
Solar air conditioning   ( lcsh )
Solar heating   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
National solar data program.
General Note:
Monthly Catalog Number: gp 80010090
General Note:
National solar heating and cooling demonstration program.
General Note:
"SOLAR/2019-79/04" ; "SOLAR/2019-79/05" ; "SOLAR/2019-79/06."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 027069722
oclc - 05957475
System ID:
AA00013800:00003

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Main body
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text
1~I. 22. OL A4<~


SOLAR/2019-79/06

Monthly
Performance
Report


SOUTH DAKOTA SCHOOL OF MINES
JUNE 1979


U.


S.


Department of Energy

National Solar Heating and
Cooling Demonstration Program

National Solar Data Program


4294


/Az l -'? /^







































NOTICE


This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by me United States
Government. Neither the United States nor the United States Department of Energy, nor
any of their employees, nor any of their contractors, subcontractors, or their employees,
make any warranty, express or implied, or assume any legal liability or responsibility for
the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product or
process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights.









MONTHLY PERFORMANCE REPORT
SOUTH DAKOTA SCHOOL OF MINES
JUNE 1979

I. SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

The South Dakota School of Mines solar energy system is installed in the
visitors' center of the Mount Rushmore National Memorial at Keystone,
South Dakota. The solar energy system is a retrofit to the original heat-
ing and cooling system, and is designed to provide 45 percent of the annual
heating requirements for the entire building and provide 53 percent of the
annual air conditioning requirements for the observation room.

Solar energy collection is performed by 112 double-glazed, flat-plate col-
lectors manufactured by Lennox Industries, Inc., that have a gross area of
2,000 square feet. The collectors are mounted in six arrays on the roof
of the building, and face 19 degrees west of south with a tilt of 46 degrees
from the horizontal. The main system loop contains 150 gallons of 50 per-
cent ethylene glycol and water solution, which is used to transfer energy,
as required, from the collector to the collector-to-storage heat exchanger,
the collector-to-space heating heat exchanger, and absorption chillers.
Thermal storage is provided by 3,000 gallons of water in a steel storage
tank that is insulated with three inches of fiberglass.

Heating demands are met by transferring energy from the collector, or stor-
age, to heating coils in the building multizone air handler. The multizone
fan is energized continuously to circulate building air, and dampers in the
multizone unit are positioned to allow flow across the solar heating coil
when the system is in a solar heating mode. Auxiliary heating is provided
by a two-stage fuel oil furnace.

Thermal energy from the collectors is used to operate three absorption
chillers; chilled water from these chillers is circulated through a cooling
coil in the observation room air handler. Thermal energy from storage is


1 4294









not used to operate the chillers because of temperature limitations. Auxil-
iary cooling is provided to both the multizone and single-zone air handlers
by vapor compression units.

This system, which is shown schematically in Figure 1, has six modes of
solar operation.

Mode 1 Solar Energy Collection: The solar collection mode is entered
when the collector absorber plate temperature is greater than 100*F. In
this mode, pump P1 is energized and valve V4 is positioned to allow flow
through the collectors. This mode is entered even though there is no
heating or cooling load and storage tank charging criteria have not been
met. This mode continues until the collector plate temperature is less
than 1000F; however, an adjustable time-delay circuit delays pump P1
shutdown to prevent short cycling.

Mode 2 First Stage Heating From Collectors: This mode is entered when
the system is in the collection mode and a demand for heat is determined
by the difference between the conditioned space thermostat setting and the
discharge air temperature in the multizone air handler. In this mode,
valve V7 is positioned to allow flow through the heating coil HX2 located
in the multizone air handler, and valve V5 is positioned to bypass the
absorption chillers. Flow through the heating coil is provided by pump Pl.
If the heating demand cannot be met using solar energy, a fuel-oil furnace
is used in conjunction with, and independent of, solar heating.

Mode 3 First Stage Heating From Storage: This mode is entered when there
is a heating demand, energy is not available from the collectors, and energy
is available from storage because the top tank temperature is greater than
1000F. In this mode, valves V5 and V7 are in the heating positions, and
valve V4 is in the collection bypass position. Valves Vl and V2.are posi-
tioned to allow flow into the bottom and out of the top of the storage tank.
Pump P2 is energized to circulate water between the storage tank and the
water side of the storage heat exchanger HX1, and pump P1 is energized to


2 4294





































































TYPICAL 3
AU
CHILLER
UNITS


Figure 1. SOUTH DAKOTA SCHOOL OF MINES SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEM SCHEMA TIC








circulate the main system fluid between the glycol/water side of exchanger
HX1 and the liquid side of heating coil HX2 in the air handler. Multizone
air handler and oil furnace operations are the same as described in Mode 2.

Mode 4 Single-Zone Cooling From Collectors: This mode is entered when
sufficient solar energy from the collectors is available, and when a de-
mand for single-zone cooling is determined by the conditioned space thermo-
stat (located in the observation room) and the discharge air temperature of
single-zone air handler.

Since generator inlet temperatures of 1800F are required in order to operate
the ARKLA absorption chillers, this mode is not allowed until collector out-
let temperatures reach this level. If temperature requirements are met,
valve V5 is positioned to allow flow through the chillers' generators, pro-
vided that pump P3 is operating to circulate chilled water through the solar
cooling coils. Pump P4 is energized to circulate condensing water through
the cooling tower. The cooling tower fan is controlled by an aquastat to
maintain a sump temperature of 850F.

Safety cutoffs are also provided to prevent either overheating or excessive
cooling of the chillers. No solar cooling from the storage mode is provided
since maximum storage tank temperature and energy losses prohibit efficient
operation of the chillers. Auxiliary cooling will be provided by vapor com-
pression units (A/C unit) in the single-zone and multizone air handlers.

Mode 5 Storage Tank Charging: This mode is entered when the inlet
temperature on the glycol/water side of the storage heat exchanger is
200F greater than the storage tank bottom temperature. This mode is also
entered in the cooling mode if, in addition to being 20F greater than
the storage temperature, the heat exchanger inlet temperature (glycol/
water side) is greater than 1950F.

In this mode, valves Vl and V2 are positioned to allow flow into the top and
out of the bottom of storage, and pump P2 is energized to circulate water
from storage through the heat exchanger. This mode is stopped if storage
tank temperatures exceed 2050F.


4 4294









Mode 6 Excess Heat Rejection: This mode is entered when the storage heat
exchanger outlet temperature (T103) exceeds 2050F. In this mode, valve V3
is positioned to allow flow through the heat rejection cooling tower. The
fan in this tower is controlled by an aquastat to maintain a sump temperature
of 195F.

II. PERFORMANCE EVALUATION

The system performance evaluations discussed in this section are based
primarily on the analysis of the data presented in the attached computer-
generated monthly report. This attached report consists of daily site
thermal and energy values for each subsystem, plus environmental data.
The performance factors discussed in this report are based upon the defi-
nitions contained in NBSIR 76-1137, Thermal Data Requirements and Per-
formance Evaluation Procedures for the National Solar Heating and Cooling
Demonstration Program.

A. Introduction

The Mount Rushmore Visitor's Center solar energy system was operational
throughout the month of June. However, due to the failure of a signal
conditioning module in the SDAS and resultant measurement errors on the
first 32 channels, data for the first 15 days was not useable for report-
ing purposes. This report, therefore, covers only the period from June 15
through June 30, 1979 for which valid data was received. Consequently,
the accuracy of the estimated monthly energy values may be significantly
less than normal.

During this reporting period, the first cooling operation by the solar energy
system for 1979 was observed.

B. Weather

During the last half of June, the measured outside ambient temperature was
62*F which is 20F below the long-term average for the Rapid City, South
Dakota area. The measured average insolation in the plane of the collector


5 4294








was 1,293 Btu/ft2-day, 28 percent below the long-term average of 1,802
Btu/ft2-day. Long-term environmental data are derived from data supplied
by Reference Monthly Environmental Data for Systems in the National Solar
Data Network, Department of Energy Report, SOLAR/0019-79/36.

C. System Thermal Performance

Collector During the reporting period, a total of 41.37 million Btu of
solar energy was measured in the plane of the collector array. The sys-
tem collected 9.43 million Btu or 23 percent of the total available
insolation. During the time the system was operating, a total of 28.61
million Btu was incident on the array. This represents an operational
collector efficiency of 33 percent. A total of 0.40 million Btu of
electrical energy was required to collect solar energy when the system
was operating in the collection or storage modes.

Storage Storage calculations show that 3.53 million Btu were delivered
to storage during the reporting period and 2.68 million Btu were supplied
from storage. Storage losses included 0.72 million Btu from the storage
tank and an additional 0.77 million Btu from the collector loop-to-storage
loop heat exchanger. A total of 1.34 million Btu was delivered to storage
during periods when the storage loop pump P2 was off, apparently due to
thermosiphon flow in the storage loop. A net decrease in stored energy of
0.13 million Btu was observed during the reporting period. Excluding the
stored energy input due to thermosiphoning, the storage efficiency was 72
percent for the reporting period.

Space Heating Load The space heating load for the reporting period was
1.65 million Btu. Solar energy supplied 1.44 million Btu of this load,
which represents a heating solar fraction of 87 percent. An average
building temperature of 71F was maintained during the reporting period.
There was no first stage heating from the collectors for this period and
the entire solar contribution to the heating load was supplied from storage.
Operating energy required to deliver solar energy to the heating load
amounted to 0.10 million Btu. A total of 0.97 million Btu of solar energy
was intentionally rejected by the heat rejection cooling tower.


6 4294










Space Cooling Load The space cooling load for the reporting period was
8.16 million Btu. Solar energy supplied 1.13 million Btu of this load,
which represents a cooling solar fraction of 14 percent. Solar energy
input to the absorption chillers amounted to 3.84 million Btu, resulting
in a coefficient of performance (COP) for the solar cooling subsystem of
0.29. Auxiliary cooling provided by the vapor compression air conditioners
amounted to 7.02 million Btu from the unit in the multizone air handler
and 0.011 million Btu from the unit serving the observation room. Operating
energy required to deliver solar energy to the cooling load amounted to 0.31
million Btu.

D. Observations

Review of scan level data for June 30 showed near freezing temperatures
(measurements T502 and T552) at the inlet and outlet of the solar cooling
coil which receives chilled water from the solar fired absorption chillers.
With concern that these low temperatures could result in freezing and
potential damage to the chillers, the Project Manager was notified who in
turn notified site personnel. Data further showed a cessation of air flow
through the observation room air handler where the solar cooling coil is
located. Investigation by site personnel revealed a broken fan belt on
the air handler fan. The fan belt was replaced and normal operation was
restored on July 3, 1979, with no apparent damage to the system.

E. Energy Savings

The solar energy system at Mount Rushmore provided a savings of 2.39 million
Btu of fossil fuel during the reporting period and a savings of 0.32 million
Btu of electrical energy. This savings was realized at the cost of 0.40
million Btu of electrical operating energy for the Energy Collection and
Storage Subsystem (ECSS).


7 4294









III. ACTION STATUS


Sensor T400, which was cited as being in error in the monthly performance
report for May, was replaced and recalibrated in early June and is now
consistent with other temperature sensors in the collector loop.


Discrete signal D002 which indicates the status of valve V5 (through or
bypass ARKLA units) appears to be non-functional. This problem will be
corrected during a site visit scheduled for July 1979.


8 4294









SOLAR HEATING AND COOLING DEMONSTRATION PP3GRAM


MONTHLY REPORT
SITE SUMMARY


SITE: SOUTH PLKOTA SCHOOL nF MI rS, SD
RFDRT PERIOD: JUNE,10q7


SOLAR/2019-79106


SITF/SYSTEM DESCRIPTION:
THE SOUTH DAKOTA SCHOOL OF lMI'S SOLAR SYSTEM IS DESIGNED Tn CARRY ABnUT
50n OF THF HEATING LOAn AND ABOUT 40T OF THF COOLING LOAD. SECOND STAGE HEATING
WILL BE PPDVI"FD RY A TWO STAGE FUJFL OIL PUPNER AND SECOND STAGE COOLING WILL
BE PROVIDED BY A REFRIGERATION CON'PPESSOR IN THF MULTIZnNE UNIT AND A SINGLE
ZONF 10-TON PACKAGE UNIT. THE SCLAP SYSTEM WILL UTILIZE 1692 SQ-FT OF DOURLF
,.OVER, SELECTIVE COATED, FLAT PLATE COLLECTORS, HEATING COILS IN THE MULTI-
ZONE UPIT, 'HPEF CHILLERS, COCCLING TOVeP, CCOLING CnILS IN THC SINGLE ZONE
UNIT, AND 3000 GAL. WATER STORAGE TANK.
GENERAL SITE 3ATA:
INCInENT crLAR ENERGY 41.371 MILLIC


COnLLECTFD SOLAP ENERGY
AVERAGE AMBIENT TEMPERATUPE
AVERAGE BUILDING TEMPERATURE
ECSS SOLAR CONVERSION EFFICIENCY
FCSS OPERATING ENERGY
TnTAL SYSTEM O0DoATING c~'FPGY
TOTAL ENEPSY CONSUMED


SU'RSYSTEM SUMMARY:

SLAP FRACTIOr'
SOLAR ENERGY USED
OPERATING ENERGY
AUX. THERMAL ENERGY
AUX. ELECTRIC FIJFL
AUX. FOSSIL FUFL
ELECTRICAL SAVINGS
FOSSIL SAVINGS


HOT WATFP
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A,
1 A .
N.A.
1I .


HEATING
1.646
P7
1.435
0.103
0.211
N.A.
0.352
-0.102
2.392


COOLING ,
8.158
14
3. R?38
0.3I
2.639
3.769
N.A.
0. 148
N1. A.


N TU


20686 UTU/SQ.FT.
9.432 MILLION PTU
4716 BTU/SP.PT.
62 DEGREES F
'1 DEGREES F
0.13
0.400 MILLION BTU
0. 10 MILL !OT BTlh
14.36? MILLION BTU

SYSTEM TOTAL
P.805 MILLION RTU
26 DFPRCCT
5.273 MILLION RTU
0.910 MILLION BTUJ
2.849 MILLION BTU
3.769 MILLICY BTU
0.152 MILLION BTU
-0.354 MILLICM BTU
2.392 MILLION TUJ


SYSTEM PERFORMANCE FACTOR:


0.628


* DENOTES UNAVAILABLE "ATA
@ DENOTES NILL nATA
N.A. DEMOTFS NOT APPLICABLE DA'A
REFRFNCF: ISFR'S GUIDE Tr THE MONTHLY PFoFORMANrE RFPrRT
2F THE NATIONAL SnLAP DATA PPCGRAM,FERRtJAPY 2P,1078,
SOLAR/0004-78/1R


m









SCLAR HATING AND COOLING DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM


MONTHLY REPORT
SITE SUMMARYY


SDLAR/2019-79/06


SITE: SOUTH DAKOTA SCHOOL OF MINFS, SD
RFDORT PERIOD: JUNE,1979


STTE/SYSTFM DESCRIPTION:
THF S6UTH 3AKrTA SCHOOL OF MINES SOLAR SYSTEM IS DESIGNED TO CARRY ABOUT
51r OF THE HEATING LOAD AND ABOUT 4"0 OF THF COOLING LOAD. SECOND STAGE HEATING
WILL BE PROVIDED BY A TWO STAGE F0LEL CIL BUPNEP AMD SECOND STAGE COOLING WILL
BE PRrVIDF) BY A REFRIGERATION COMPRESSOR IN THF MULTIZONF UNIT AND A SINGLE
ZONE 10-TCO PACKAGE UNIT. THE SLAP SYSTEM WILL UTILIZE 1591 SQ-FT O' DOC'JLE
COVFR, SELErTIVE COATED, FLAT PLATF COLLECTORS, HEATING COILS IN THE MULTI-
ZONE UNIT, THREE CHILLERS, CClLIMS Tnf!FR, CLING COILS IN! THE SINGLC ZONE
UNIT, AND 3300 GAL. WATER STOPAGF TANK.
GFNFRAL SITE DATA:
INCIDENT S"LAR ENERGY 43.647 GIGA J


COLLECTED SCLAR ENERGY
AVERAGE AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
AVERAGE 3BILDING TEMFRATURF
ECSS SOLAP CONVERSION EFFICIENCY
ECSS OPERATING ENERGY
T"TAL SYSTEM OPPFPATING ENFDGY
TOTAL ENEPSY CONSUMED


SURSYSTFM SUMMARY:
LOAD
SOLAR FRACTION
SOLAR ENERGY USED
OPERATING ENERGY
AUX. THERMAL ENG
AUX. ELECTRIC FUEL
AUX. FOSSIL FUEL
ELECTRICAL SAVINGS
PCSSIL SAVINGS


HOT WATEP
N A,
A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N. A


HEATING
1.7?7
07
1.514
0. 10
0.223
N.A.
0.372
-0.108
2.52?


COOLING
8.607
14
4.049
0.323
2.784
3.977
N.A.
0.156
N.A.


3ULES


234907 KJ/SQ.M.
9.950 GIGA JOULES
53553 KJ/S.M.
17 DEGREES C
22 DEG'PFS C
0.13
0.422 GIGA JOULES
0.8r4 GIGA JOULES
15.152 GIGA JOULES

SYSTEM TOTAL
10.344 GIGA JDULES
7 noEppC!T
5.563 GIGA J ULJS
0.854 SIGA JOULES
3.006 GIGA JOULES
3.977 GIGA JODLES
0.372 GIGA JOULES
-0.374 GIGA JOULES
2.524 SIGA JULES


SYSTEM PERFPP4ANCE FACTOR:


0.628


DENOTES UNAVAILABLE DATA
3 DENOTES NULL DATA
N.A. DENOTES NOT APoLICAB.F DATA
PFcERFNCE: 'ISFR'S GUIDE TO THE MONTHLY PERFORMANrE REPORT
3F THE NATIONAL SLAP DATA PROGPAM,FFPRUARY 28,1078,
SOLAR/0004-78/18







SOLAR HEATING AND COOLING DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM
MONTHLY REPORT
ENFPGY COLLECTION AND STORAGE SUBSYSTEM (ECSS)


SOLAR/2019-79/06


SITE: SOUTH DAKOTA SCHOOL OF MINES, SD
REPORT PERIOD: J1UNF,1Q79


-~1
DAY
O :
MONTH


1
2
13
4
S



5
6
7
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
?l
22
73
?4
25
26
27
28
?9
30
SI M

AVG
NBS ID


INCInENT
SOLAR
ENERGY
MILLION
BTU
a
a

a






0.003
3.030n
0.16:9
0,707
0.685
3.572
3.722
3.003
1.517


2.116
0.707


3.572
3.72?
3.351
2.110

2.486
3.268
3.221
4.174
3.053
41.371
1.379
0001


~-----------
AMBIENT
TEMP

DEG-F
?i)
a




a5






48
51
62
65
64
6-4
73
67
71
?)
77
a-
a



56
61
55
51






62
651
64

73
66
67
71
77


62
N113


EMFORGY
Tr
LOADS
MILLION
BTU
a
a
a
a
a'
a





0.141
0.000
0.000
0.162
0.065
0.251
0.47?
0.404
0.085
0.209
0.552a
a

a
0.000




0.141
0.000
0.000





0.976
5.27?
0.162
0.065
0.251
0.47?
0.440
0.209
0. 52
0. 51Q
0. 56
0.457
0. 37
0.976
5.273
0.176


AUX
THERMAL
TO ECSS
MILLION
BTU
-@
a
a
S)
a
a


a
a
















N.A.
----------

--I


FCSS
OPERATING
ENFPGY
MILLION
BTU
----------


33
a
a
a
a)
a




0.000


0.003
a0.
005)



0.037
0.033
0.021
0.014
0.026
0.0011
0.03
0.037
0.04733
0.0321
0.014


01026


FCSS
ENERGY
REJECTED
MILLION
BTU
a
a
a)
a
a
?
a



0.300
0.000
0.000



0.13000
0.016
0.000



0.0290
0.33000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.133
0.316
0. 285
0.029
0.334
0.171
0.967
0.332
0.163'
0.285----


E:SS 5LAR
CONVERSION
EFFICIENCY













0.047
0.000
0.003
1.220
0.00
0.127
a







0.134
0.041
0.091



0.17003
0.200:
0. 127
0.134
0.0481


0.247
0.177


0.127


"'COTES 'I'VAILALE ")ATA.
SDETO'FS NULL DATA.
N.A. FrNOTES 'nT APPLICABLE DAt.










SOLAR HEATING AND COOLING DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM
MONTHLY REPORT
CPLLECTOP ARRAY PEPFnRMANCE


SITE: SOUTH DAKOTA SCHOOL OF MINFS, SD
RFPnRT PEPIO0: JUNE,107Q


SCLAR/201q-79/06


n4Y
OF
MOITH


1
2
3
4
6
7
5

R
Q
10
Ii
11
12
13
14
15
15
17
IP
1Q
2 '
21
22
7
24
25
?6
27
28
2
30
sUS
1V3
NBSID3


----------1
INCIDENT
SCLAP
ENERGY
MILLION
BTU
a










'A.009
2










1.517
0.160a
0,707
0.685
3.572
3.722
3.351
2.110
-'*


a












3.13?2
2.4P6
3.268
3.221
4.174
3.7253
3I722











no 0o
3. 26R





1.?-9
@01


rPERATIGNAL
INCIDENT
ENERGY
MILLION
BTU
a)







0.000



60.48@
r.000
0.016
a
?
a










3.18s
2.403
1.103
1.101
2.111
1.685
2.182
a
a














2.1?0
1.594
2.4P3
0.6148
0.5ooo
0.016
0.054
3.21P
2.403
1.103
2 .11
1.685
2.182
3.594
2.88

28.611
0.954


COLLECTED
SOl AP
ENEP GY
MILL ION
BTU
a

a)
a
9

a)


132
I 9
0.132
0.000
-0.064
-0.023
].1'
0.686
0.460
0.118
0,955
0.410
0.006
0.66?
1.027
0.825
c.432
0.31-


_---------- I
DAYTIME 4F
AMBIENT
TEMP
DEG F








7C
60
49
53





47
70
a76






53
49


72
8

89

86
a '
70
60
40
53
47
76
76
72
89
72
83
84
P6
_--------.-\


r- 'r4-TpF IiMFI"A" TI AI1 F rTA A.
a DF4OTCS NOLL DATA.
m...A. "FNnTFr MFn' &OPLTCARLF DATA.


CLLLECTOD
ARRAY
EFFICIENCY


a)
a)
a3
a)


a





0.305
0.087
0.000
-0.090
-0.034
0.311
0.205
0.218
0.051
0.?05
0.165
0.305
a
















0. :06
a
a
a
a






0.045
0.305
0.067
0.000





-0.090
-0.034
0.311
0.205
0.218
0.051
0.?05
0.165
0.305
0. ?06
I. 245
-209


O.2??
N100


----------- 100








SOLAR HEATING AND COOLING DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM
MONTHLY RFP RT
ST"PAGF PERFCPMAMNr


SITE: SOUTH DAKPTA SCHOOL OF MINES, SD
RFPORT PFRIO: JUNE,107o


SOLAP/2019-7f/06


nAY
OF
Mn4TH


1




?
3
4
5
6
7




P
10
11
12




23I?
'1

16
17
18

?'
21
2
23
24


R
7~

2Q
3D


AVG
NPrS 1


ENERGY
TO
cSTORAGF
MILLION
PTU

a
a
a





9
a
a

a
a

0.000
0.623
0.336
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.734
0.296
0.251
0. 208
0.013
0.023'
0.123
0.155
0.171
-0.002
3.533
0.118
T100
- - - -
0 03
- - - -


FMFPGY
FROM
STORAGE
MILLION
PTU
a
a

a.







0.000
0.000
a










0.275

0.244
0.198
0.077
0.305
a
a
a
a











0.000
0.100





0.277
0.447
?.67
0.097


CHANGE
IN STPRFO
ENFR GY
MILLION
PTU
a
a
a

a
a
a


a'
-0.002
0.589
-0.081
-0.105
-0.401
-0.226
0.54'
0.357
0.074
-0.004
-0.014
-0.164
-0.350
0.066
0.060
-0. 081 1
-0. 43
-0.131
-0.0 "


0201 Q202


STOPAGF
AVEPA-CE
TFMP
DEG F

a

a)
a
a

a

a
a
a
a
a

122
135
145
14'
127
117
127
138
151
152
153
15?
13?
114
140
137
120

137
137
---~-------

-~---------


i-----------
STORAGE
EFFICIFNCY



2,


a:

a
a




0.946
-1.427
1.000
1.000
1.000
0.010
0.819
0.741
0.772
0.305
-0.868
-2.430
0.539
1.285
1.151
-6. ??26
-----------1
01

0.721
0.--" -


* lccm1r4tC UNAVATI API F r. TA.
a FMIDTFS NULL nATA.
N.A. FFMnTCr FM.T APPL1CARI F nATA.








SCLAR HATING AND CrrLING DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM
MONTHLY REPORT
SPACE HEATING SIURSVTFM


SOLAR/2019-79/06


SIT": SOUTH DAKOTA SCH30L OF MINES, SD
REPORT PERIqD: JUNE,lq79


DAY
OF


i


4
6

13


'4

16

1n
13
'

17


21
2?
23
24
?4 q
26
7?
20
3n'

SN"
SVG
MR<


SPACE
HEATING
LOAD
MILLION
RTU


a











0.175
0.165
a
a














074
a




0.090
0.002
0.000
0.000
0.175
0.23865
0.597
0.081
0.085
0.168
0.074
0. 216
0.001
0.086
0.110
0.238
1.646
0.0355
Q 02


SOLAR
FP. OF
LOAD
PCT
I--_-1-
a!


a)

@'
a


0)

a
0

n
93
100
83
98
98
100
13
07'
99
0
100
100
100


87

N400


SOLAR
ENERGY
USED
MILLION
RTU

a












0.162
a)
a
a
a
a




0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.162
0.065
0.206
0.0%6

0.085
0.022
0.214
0.000
0.086
0.110
0.238
1.435
3.048
Q400


OPEP
ENFPGY
MILLION
BTU
a
a

a(









0.000







i 0.012
a


a
a
a
a

0.000





0.000
0.000
0.000
0.014
0.308
0.014
0.010
0.004
0.00
0.001
0.00"
0.012
O.000
0.005
0.008
0.018
0.103
0.003
(Q40'


AUX
FLECT
FUEL
MILLION
BTU
a

a)
3
a
a

a
a
a
a
a

r


AUY
THERMAL
USED
MILLION
RTU

@I

a)




d


0.012
a@







0.0030


0.0411
0.0021
a












0.002
0. 002
0.051
0.000i
0.0102
0.0001





04211
0.0027






0.400
0.037




40.00


AUX
FOSSIL
FUEL
MILLION
PTU











0.000


0.321
a
a
a










0.0








0.000
a


a
a
a
a








0.352
0."03
0.000







0 100
O.0
30321
0.000
3936
0.304
0.003
0.000
0. 244
0.004
0.0304
0.002
0.000
0.00
0. 000
0.352
0.312
0410


ELECT
ENERGY
SAVINGS
MILLION
PTU
a










n.300
1.000
0.000
-0.014
-f. 014
-0.010
-0.004
-0.001
-3.004

-0.005
-0.008
-0.018
-0..102


04157
a
a
a





0.000
0.000
-0.014
-0.008
-"0.14
-0.010
-0.004
-0.004

-0.012
0.000
-0.005
-0.008
-0. 018
-0.10?
-3.C 0?
0415


FOSSIL
ENERGY
SAVINGS
MILLION
BTU
a

a@
a
a
a
S
a
a
a
a

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.270
0.109
0.?43
0.160
0.133
0.142
0.036
0.120
0.356
0.000'
0.143
0.184
0.397
02.997
-------- 1
2.197'
C.i30'
n417


i neIrP tC hIM&VATIl API F nATA.
a nFNOTES NULL IATA.
N.A. nFNrOTcS hfnT ADDI TrARIc ARTA.


N.A.
1.A.


9LOG'
TEMP
DEG.

a









71
a71
a
a
a
a)













7 ?
70
3
3
3


71
71









73
69
70
69
71
71
71
72
70
70
72
73
72




N406


A#B
TFMP

DEG.
F
a




iR;






48


65
64
59
6?
73
66
67
71
72
77
-


56









6113
48

6?
65
64
6?
73
56
67
71
77


6?
"'113







SOLAR HEATING AND COOLING DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM
MONTHLY PEPOPT
SPACE COOLING SUBSYSTFM


SOLAR/2019-79/06


SITE: SOUTH DAKOTA SCHOOL OF MINFS, SP
PFPOlR PERIOD: JUNE,1979


rlAYl
OF
MCN.







7 !
--13
12




13
4





15
18
11




12
13








24
15
16
17
1B
I3



2?
24
2,'




2r.



AVG
NBS


SPACE
COOLING
LOAD
MILLION
BTU




al
@9
a

a
3
a
0.000i
0.400
0.000

0.000
0.? 74
0.560
0.540
0.000
0.273
1.145
1.188
0.586'
09Q71
0.852
1.359'
8.158
0.272
Q502


SOLAR
FR.OF
LOAP
PCT









3
1
a










0
a


a1








-0
a
a
a






32
a
29a






17_
a
a)

15
3
3

-0
28
32
3
29
17
8
25

0


14
N500


SOLAR
FNEPGY
USED
MILLION
BTU

a@

a)







0.00i
0.141
0.0001
0.000
0.000'
0.000
0.0451
0.378
0.369'
0.003
0.187'
0.480'
0.305
0.506
0.372'
0.227'
0.73q
3.838
0.128
Q500


CPER
ENERGY
MILLION
BTU
aF
a
a
a

a
a
a
3.000
0.015
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.003
0.036
0.015
0.000
0.016
0.041
0.025
0.033
0.0'5
0.018
0.049
0.?06
0.010
0503


AtII
THERMAL
USFD
MILLION
BTU


a

@
1






0.000
a

a










0113
0.144
0.000
0.074
0.329
0.430
O.J00

0.184
0.296
0.316
0.479
2.630
0.087
so01
0.00


AUX
ELECT
FUFL
MILLION
BTU






a
a)
a
a





0.181
0.003
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.161
0.205
0.20c
0.000
0.136
0.470
0.615
0.263
0.423
0.451
0.685
3.76Q
9.126


AUX
FO cIL
FUEL
MILLION
RTU




















0509
aJ
a)
a
a
a
a
a
a

















N.A.
N.A.
Q508


ELFCT
ENERGY
SAVINGS
MILLION
BTU
@

@I
a
a
a
a)

a;
a
@1

o3 Ono
0.009
0.0300
0.000
0.000
0.000
-0.004
0.028
0.016
0.000
0.016
0.035
0.015
0.025
0.030
0.005
-0.047
0.148
3.035
Q512


) DENOTES NULL DATA.
".A. Dr'nTrS ,MT AP;LIrA-LF nAA&.


FOSSIL
ENERGY
SAVINGS
MILLION
BTU

aR
a







F

















0514
a)




















0'514


BLDG
DRY
BUL9
TEMP
F
a










71
a71





69a
a





70
69



71a
71
71
71





72
69
70
69
71
71

72
70


73
72
72'


71
N406
- --


AMP
TEMP
OEG
F



a



56



61
9
48
a1
50
62
65
6?
56
61
48
50


73
65
64



67
71
72
77
,--

62
N113









SOLAR HEATING AND COOLING DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM
MONTHLY PFPORT
FNVIPONMENTAL SUMMARY
SITE: SOUTH DAKOTA SCHOOL OF MINES, S'D
RFPPRT PERIOD: JUNE,1Q79


SOLAR/2019-79/06


DAY
OF
MnNTH


10


2
13
4
5
6
17
B




9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
19
20
23






SUI'
24
25
26
27
2q
30
SU


NPS ID_
--VG_--


TOTAL
INSOLATION
PTU/SQ.FT
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a


1504
750
PS
354
343
17R6
1676
1355
1147
1566
1243
1634
1611
2087
1976
206%6
5-0
Q031


DI FFUSE
INSnLATION
BTU/SQ.FT
a
a
a
a






















N.A.
a
a
a
a
a
a
a

















N.A,


N113


AMPIENT
TEMPERATURE
DEG F
a
a
a
a






56
61
55
48
51
50
62
6F
64
59
63
63
73
66
67
71
72
77


RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
PERCENT











E
a
a
a
a


WIND
DIRECTION
DEGREES



a)




a)
a



a)
a
3


DAYTIME
AMP IENT
TFMP
DEG F

?
a




60
a


4
2,

a

60
49
53
47
7n
76
76
63
72
89
83
P1
P4
S6


71


WINn
SPFED
4.P.H.
9
a
a
a
a

5)
a
a
@)


N.A.
N114


* nENOTES UNAVAILABLE DATA.
NA. NOTES NOT APPLICABLE nA'A.
N.A. 3ENOTES N)T APPLICABLE nA`A.


N.A. N.A.
N115


------------








SnLAR HEATING AND CrOLING DFMONSTRATION PROGRAM
MONTHLY FPPnPT
THERMODYNAMIC CONVERSION FQUIPMFNT


SITE: SOUTH DAKOTA SCHOOL OF MINFS, SO
REPORT PFRIPD: JUNE,1970


SOLAR/2019-79/06


nAY
OF
MOnTH


1
2
3
4
5
6
7

10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
31
22
23
?4
25
26
27
29
29
30
SUA
AVG


EQUIPMENT
LOAD
MILLION
'T .1

a)
a
a
a
a)



a)
a)
a)
a



a)
a

0.000
0.061
0.000
0.000
0.000
-0.001
0.159
0.176
0.000
0. 080
0.189
0. 100
0.145
0.162
0.05
0.006
1.130
0.038


THEPMAL
ENERGY
INPUT
MILLION
R TU
a




a(
a)
a)







0.003
a)
a








0.000
a
a
a


0.141
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.045
0.378
0.36r
0.00'0
0.187
0.480
0.j*05
0.506
0.372
0.22?
0.738
3.838

0.12


OPERATING
ENERGY
MILLION
PTU
a











O.0OO
0.000
a


a)
-'
a)



0.03
0.015
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000




0.0032
0.036
0.034
0.016
0.040
0. 02
0.032
0.035
0.017
0.049
0.3040

0.010
- - - -


i----------
ENERGY
REJECTED
MILLION
RTIJ
a
a
a)
a)
a)
a)

a)





1 0.000

0.000
0.300


0.100
a
a
a






0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000


0.00?
0 4?8
0 5R7
0.586
0. 372
0.916
2.887
0.096
- - - -


* DElOTF UNAVAILABLE DATA.
a DEMOTES NULL nATA.
.&. )T3E:'~T" LI'C2LT A.
JnTE:


---~--------
COEFFICIENT!
0=
PERFORMANCE
(SEE NOTF)

a

3

a
a


a

0.43 1
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.00
-0.023
0.420
0.476
0.000
0.429
0.394
0.320
0.243
0.436
0.236
0.008
0.394
0.010


*
0
0
o
z
2
2
2
0
0
0
Z

m


op



























































































































































































;I











UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA



3 1262 09052 5212





























































....
i.....










.... :i


:' "










:i!S













.....