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Stock Number 2906-00006
You, an apprentice? How about that!
Four thousand years ago apprenticeship was
recognized as the best way to train someone
as a skilled craftsman.
Today, 4,000 years later, it still is.
APPRENTICESHIP helped build this country--
bridges, skyscrapers, factories, superhighways,
aircraft, autos, ships, TV, beer cans, houses, your
wrist watch, your shoes, the works--you name it.
APPRENTICESHIP is a training system, based
upon a written agreement between the apprentice
and the employer, by which a worker learns a
skilled craft or trade on the job.
APPRENTICESHIP programs include 1 or more
years of on-the-job training under the guidance of
an experienced craftsman, who was once an
APPRENTICESHIP also means a few hours in
the classroom each week to help explain the
reasons why certain things are done in a certain
way on the job.
APPRENTICESHIP is a no-nonsense system.
Detailed work and study records are kept, and
the training progress of the apprentice is eval-
HOW IT OPERATES
Apprenticeship programs are conducted by
the voluntary cooperation of labor, management,
schools, and government throughout the country.
In many local areas the principal crafts have
joint apprenticeship committees of six members,
three from management and three from labor.
These committee members are responsible for
conducting and supervising their craft's local
They test, select, and sign up (indenture) the
apprentice and register him with the U.S. Depart-
ment of Labor's Bureau of Apprenticeship and
Training, or with the State Apprenticeship Agen-
cy, if there is one.
They supervise and evaluate the variety and
the quality of the apprentice's work experience.
They certify the apprentice as a journeyman
after he has satisfactorily completed the appren-
The requirements for apprenticeship vary
somewhat from place to place. Generally, you
should be between the ages of 17 and 26. (Vet-
erans may add their years of service to the 26-
You must be able to work with head and hands,
and be good at both. You've got to be in good
physical shape, capable of performing the work
of the trade.
Some trades require a high school diploma or
its equivalent. Other trades prefer this, but do
not insist on it.
Assistance to help pass entrance tests is
being offered to those who may not have all the
requirements to enter an apprenticeship program.
This help is being offered in most of the big
cities through such organizations as the local
AFL-CIO building and construction trades coun-
cil, the Urban League, Workers' Defense League,
or other community action agencies.
If you want to be an electrician, for instance,
and you figure your high school studies are not
enough to let you pass the mathematics and
physics questions, check with the building
trades council or the Urban League or the Ap-
prenticeship Information Center at the local
employment service office.
They will have information about attending
one of the special 4-week courses which are
conducted to prepare applicants for apprentice-
ship tests as openings for electrician apprentices
There are about 350 apprenticeable trades.
You will find 79 major occupations listed in the
back of this pamphlet.
The number of years apprentices must serve
is shown beside each occupation.
One of the nice things about apprenticeship
is that you are paid while learning. Starting pay
is usually 40 to 55 percent of the journeyman's
going rate. In most areas, it will vary from $2.50
to $5.00 an hour.
More than that, the apprentice making satis-
factory progress gets a raise in pay every 6
months, until he is earning about 90 percent of
the journeyman's current rate during the last
6-month apprenticeship period.
And then, of course, there are fringe benefits
like paid vacations, paid holidays, insurance,
hospitalization, and retirement pension plans.
MORE MONEY TALK
How would you like to earn $40,000 over a
period of 4 years while learning a skilled trade
through apprenticeship? Fantasy? By no means.
Let's just suppose you are a construction trades
apprentice in the Washington, D.C., area. The
average starting wage rate for apprentices in these
trades is $3.50 an hour.
Let's say you have selected a trade which
pays $7 an hour to the finished craftsman. The
apprenticeship requires 4 years. The following
table shows what you could be earning during
each 6-month period as you move ahead:
Training period Weekly pay 6-month total
First 6 months $140 $ 3,640
Second 6 months 155 4,030
Third 6 months 170 4,420
Fourth 6 months 185 4,810
Fifth 6 months 200 5,200
Sixth 6 months 215 5,590
Seventh 6 months 230 5,980
Eighth 6 months 250 6,500
Now, $40,000 is not a small sum to earn while
you learn in a 4-year apprenticeship program.
This figures out to $10,000 a year.
For eligible veterans there is an additional
pleasant financial twist. The Vietnam Era Vet-
erans Readjustment Assistance Act of 1972
provides the following:
Regardless of the wages paid by the employer,
VA's monthly training assistance allowance to a
veteran pursuing a full-time approved apprentice-
ship is as follows:
No One Two or
Periods of depend- depend- more
training ents ent depend-
First 6 months $160 $179 $196
Second 6 months 120 139 156
Third 6 months 80 99 116
Fourth and any suc-
period 40 59 76
*For each dependent in excess of two, add $8.00
per month to this amount.
After completing a 4-year construction trades
apprenticeship, you could be making an average
of $280 a week as a journeyman at present rates
of pay, not including overtime and not counting
other fringe benefits.
The national average journeyman rate in all build-
ing and construction trades comes to $15,454 a year,
while an apprentice starts at about $8,500 a year.
Also, an apprentice starting out now with one of
the Nation's largest automobile manufacturers in any
one of eight major occupational categories (mostly
metal trades) would earn an average of $12,480 as a
IT'S NO SNAP
If you're looking for a soft touch, forget it.
This isn't it. Apprenticeship is no snap. It
demands hard work and has tough competition.
You've got to have the will to see it through.
This takes ambition. It takes drive. It takes
Sometimes apprentices have fallen by the wayside
when they see some of their buddies making more
money right now in jobs with little future.
Don't let this happen to you. The temptation
will be to drop out of an apprenticeship program
and get some kind of job that pays more money
But you don't want just some kind of job.
So, don't settle for one.
What you want is a career.
So, get one.
Start with apprenticeship. After your appren-
ticeship term, and for the rest of your life, you'll
have a skill. You'll be a highly respected
craftsman, and your buddy will still have "some
kind of job."
WHERE TO BEGIN
If you're interested in an apprenticeship
get in touch with:
The Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training
regional offices (listed in the back of this
pamphlet). For local offices near you, con-
sult your telephone book.
The Apprenticeship Information Center
near you (also listed).
The nearest State employment service
office (consult your telephone book).
The Urban League in your city.
A firm that has workers in the trade in
which you are interested.
The local union that represents the trade
in which you are interested.
HERE ARE JUST A FEW JOBS WHICH
The 79 jobs listed below have training periods of at least
2 years and some as many as 6 years. Some of the occu-
pations are broken down into more specialized jobs, so
that the total number of apprenticeable occupations is
close to 350. Numbers in parentheses indicate the num-
ber of years of training required.
Aircraft fabricator (3-4)
Airplane mechanic (3-4)
Asbestos worker (4)
Automotive mechanic (3-4)
Butcher-meat cutter (3)
Candy maker (3-4)
Canvas worker (3)
Cement mason (3)
Dairy products maker (2-3)
Electrical worker (4-5)
Fabric cutter (3-4)
Floor coverer (3-4)
Glazier-glass worker (2-4)
Heat treater (4)
Lead burner (5)
Metal polisher and
Model maker (4)
Operating engineer (3-4)
Optical technician (4)
Plate printer (4)
Printing pressman (4)
Rotogravure engraver (5-6)
Sheetmetal worker (3-4)
Sign, scene, and pictorial
Stationary engineer (3-4)
Telephone worker (4)
Terrazzo worker (3)
Textile technician (2-4)
Tile setter (3)
Tool and die maker (4-5)
Wallpaper craftsman (4-5)
Wire weaver (3-4)
REGIONAL OFFICES Bureau of Apprentice-
ship and Training
John F. Kennedy Fed. Bldg.
Boston, Mass. 02203
New York, N.Y. 10036
5000 Wissahickon Avenue
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
1371 Peachtree St., NE.
Atlanta, Ga 30309
300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
1512 Commerce Street
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Federal Office Bldg.
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
1612 Tremont Place
Denver, Colo. 80202
450 Golden Gate Avenue
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Wyom i ng
1321 Second Avenue
Arcade Plaza Building
Seattle, Wash. 98101
APPRENTICESHIP INFORMATION CENTERS
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
1816 Eighth Avenue, North
438 West Adam Street
555 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW.
321 South State Street
737 Washington Street
141 West Georgia Street
150 Des Moines Street
1309 Topeka Avenue
402 E. Second Street
1100 North Eutaw Street
408 South Huntington Avenue
8600 Woodward Avenue
917 Plymouth Avenue, North
390 North Robert Street
1411 Main Street
505 Washington Avenue
558 Federal Street
1004 Broad Street
301 Graham Avenue
119 West Chippewa Street
255 West 54th Street
108 E. Seventh Street
779 Rockwell Avenue
239 South Fourth Street
1030 NE. Couch Street
1221 North Broad Street
915 Penn Avenue
72 Pine Street
1295 Poplar Avenue
301 James Robertson Parkway
2613 Austin Street
904 Granby Street
609 East Main Street
515 Thomas Street
a U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1973 0-496-402
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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