Highlights of "A comprehensive national plan for new initiatives in home economics research, extension and higher education."


Material Information

Highlights of "A comprehensive national plan for new initiatives in home economics research, extension and higher education."
Series Title:
Miscellaneous publication / United States Department of Agriculture ;
Physical Description:
13 p. : ill. ; 23 x 11 cm.
United States -- Science and Education Administration
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Home economics -- Study and teaching   ( lcsh )
Home economics extension work   ( lcsh )
Nutrition -- Research   ( lcsh )
Nutrition extension work   ( lcsh )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )


Abstract: Areas of home economics, human nutrition and family living that require significant amounts of research, extension and higher education are identified, as well as the groups who would benefit from these efforts. For example, in the fields of energy and environment, research and education are needed on replacing inefficient practices, on use of resources, on housing choices, etc., for the use of families who are moving, whose needs are changing, or for agencies involved in planning, forecasting or developing resources. Other topics cover economic stability, nutrition and health, and family and social environments. Research is needed on the cost effectiveness of regulations, on food safety and dietary standards, and on community and institutional services, etc.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 028265860
oclc - 07436558
System ID:

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SUnited States Department of Agriculture
Science and Education Administration
Miscellaneous Publication Number 1401

Highlights of
"A Comprehensive
National Plan for
New Initiatives in
Home Economics
Research, Extension
and Higher Education"


? g "; (

New Initiatives
for Families

S* "
----------- U --* T
Q) Q)
American families have the "- U *
task, vital to the Nation's well C 0 0
being, of caring for their (. 0
members, promoting individual uL E E
growth and development, and C3
meeting their needs for food, 0 CO 0 o)
housing, fuel, and other C "
requirements essential to S C c '
I C 0
health and safety. Problems .0 C W U I
facing families during the *W >b O0
decade of the eighties will be W C U W
serious and will affect every =
family in the Nation. To handle C W O
these problems, families will "- Z Z
need new information and 0 Co 0
skills. The diversity of families 0 .C V
and of their value.systems Z 0 L0
requires a similar diversity in E c 0
0 LL a
both content and delivery of C ,,
education to them. O C
wn C
O -- )
Congress in 1977 called for C
new initiatives in home > e
economics, human nutrition, -C
and family living to respond to E
these challenges. The research 0 U.
and education initiatives E
proposed here in response to .C C
the congressional mandate will LL.
require coordinated effort and *
support from Federal, State, -
and local agencies.

... In Family
Economic Stability
and Security ...


Young families

Persons with

Families as

Rural families

The economic well-being of
families will be more
dependent in the eighties on
their income management
skills. Inflation, unemployment,
higher divorce rates, more
working mothers, more single
parents, and other changes in
families will make it harder for
them to manage their
resources in the eighties than
in the seventies.

Research and education
are needed
S "o
... to determine future effects
on the family of the resource "
management decisions a 0 0 0
family makes early in its life E M0 E
cycle. 0 I
2) 1 A
... to enable the family to "
optimize its real income C 0, .
through home-provided goods 0 W I
and services, home-based 1 0
enterprises, and paid C --
employment. -M -
MQ >, ,4,,W
... to assess the benefits and 0 0 Z
costs of regulations, market (0
conditions, and policy actions O C V
that directly affect economic 0
choices and well-being of E 0
families. 0 IL- U
... to enable family members 0 0
to handle their economic i
responsibilities for manage-
ment of real property, O
especially during periods of E
family transition. cc

= C

... In Energy and


Families making
decisions on
housing, transporta-
tion, and life style

Forecasting and
planning agencies

Agencies developing
resource policies

Families who are
moving or whose
housing require-
ments are changing



Costs and supplies of energy
for household use, potential
water shortages, and disposal
of residues from the
production and consumption
of consumer products will
continue to be issues in the
eighties. Rapid increases in
energy costs are contributing
to inflation nationally,
burdening family budgets, and
creating further hardship for
low-income and elderly

Research and education
are needed
*- U
...on replacing household )
practices that are inefficient .
and wasteful of resources
with safe and healthful E 2 4 E
alternatives that conserve E
resources. o C
0 00
.. on use of environmental "
resources by types of families W i C 0
in their everyday living. C *
0 UJ
...on implications of C
alternative resource manage- M "0
ment policies for the home 0 0
environment: the tradeoffs Z Z
with family nutrition and .M
health, home safety and U C
sanitation, family economic O
and social well-being, and U., a
other aspects of family life. C ,
... on housing choices C
(structures and location) in *
which resources are used "
efficiently and family needs
and activities related to
employment, the community,
and sources of essential
goods and services are C
considered. LL

.. on managing expenses
resulting from rising energy
prices in a manner that
safeguards family nutrition
and health, safety and
sanitation, and long-term
economic security.

... on coping with emergency
situations caused by energy
or water shortages, or other
interruptions to supply.

... In Food,
Nutrition, and
Health ...


Families as

Schools, food
industry, families
with special
management needs

Ethnic and cultural

Nutrition affects the health of
every individual from the time
of conception to death.
Health care costs are rapidly
escalating, and the realization
is growing that Americans'
major physical and mental
health problems are chronic
and not able to be quickly and
easily treated. These two
factors are stimulating
families to want to avoid the
high cost of health care by
preventing illness.

Research and education
are needed
... on adaptation of dietary *
standards and recommenda- C
tions to family and individual C
needs and problems, house- 0
hold practices, resources, and E c
stages in family life cycle. C
-o O .
.. on multidisciplinary m _
approaches which emphasize C
nutrition's role in promoting C I =
health (informed food choices, 2 .U
diet-related health risks, and e
methods of improving 4W 0
nutritional quality of food). 0 3
Z Ca z
... on home food preparation *
methods that incorporate C
dietary standards, conserve 0
nutritional quality, are .. M
economical and energy M
efficient, and are acceptable -
to ethnicand cultural groups. C
... on food safety, food
handling in households, and
recognition of hazards.

... on providing information E
and referral services in the
communities of the eighties
regarding food and nutrition C
programs available to families.

... In Family
and Social


Child-care providers,
single parents,
teenage parents
Affected families

mobile families,
transient families
Community and rural


Family composition and life
cycle significantly influence
how families will handle their
tasks. Families in the eighties
will cope with the cumulative
effects of several decades of
change as more young
adults postpone marriage, go
to work, and establish
separate households... as
incidence of child abuse, child
runaways, and children in
trouble continues... as more
married couples separate,
divorce, or experience death
of the spouse... as more
adults live alone.

Research and education
are needed

... on parenting skills. .

... on identifying and 0"
managing, as a family, the E a
problems associated with
changing social and economic 0O
conditions (inflation, employ- .M
ment outlook), changes in L
family structure (divorce, C
death of spouse, retirement), '
and other critical life events U.
(moving, job change,
unemployment). 0
I) Z
... on the role of the
community and relatives in
helping families plan for and
adjust to changes through the
life cycle.

... on the place of
communities, institutions, and 0
services in the functioning
and well-being of families. 0)


New Effort
is Required

To help improve the quality of ,,
life for millions of American
citizens in the eighties, the 0
Nation will need:

... more research capability
to develop information to help
solve problems of families as

... expanded extension
programs bringing information
to serve families that is, 0
more effective needs
assessment, more effective
use of communication
technology, and more
effective program evaluation.

... expanded professional
education to train family and
consumer research scientists
and educators.

Detailed proposals have been
developed for work to be done
by the U.S. Department of
Agriculture, land-grant
colleges and universities,
cooperative extension
services, and other
cooperating institutions with
programs in the food,
agricultural, and family

~_~_ _II


The Congress, in the National
Agricultural Research,
Extension, and Teaching
Policy Act of 1977, called for
new Federal initiatives to
improve and expand research
and extension programs in
home economics, human
nutrition, and family living. In
1979 the Science and
Education Administration of
the U.S. Department of
Agriculture established a
national steering committee,
with representatives from the
land-grant college and
university system, other
institutions, professional
groups, and user organiza-
tions (groups that use
research results and
extension information). The
steering committee, after
reviewing reports,
recommendations, and issues,

identified a few
high-priority initiatives
representing areas needing
significant amounts of
research, extension, and
higher education. The
proposed initiatives were
assessed and accepted by
400 users, professional
persons, and administrators.

This brochure highlights
findings and recom-
mendations of the national
study. A complete report of
this study and a plan for
action will appear as "A
Comprehensive National Plan
for New Initiatives in Home
Economics Research,
Extension, and Higher
Education." Obtain a copy of
Miscellaneous Publication No.
1405 from the Science and
Education Administration, U.S.
Department of Agriculture,
Wash i ng tomw;TC"0250.

January 1981 /

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