Handbook of official grain standards for wheat, shelled corn, oats, feed oats, mixed feed oats, rye, grain, sorghums and...

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Material Information

Title:
Handbook of official grain standards for wheat, shelled corn, oats, feed oats, mixed feed oats, rye, grain, sorghums and barley Standards in effect on September 15, 1927. Tabulated and abridged descriptions of the Official grain standards of the United States as established and promulgated by the secretary of agriculture ..
Physical Description:
100 p. incl. illus., tables, forms. : ; 16 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
Boerner, E. G ( Emil George ), b. 1878 ( comp )
Publisher:
U.S. Govt. print. off.
Place of Publication:
Washington
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Grain -- Standards -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Statement of Responsibility:
Comp. by E.G. Boerner ...
General Note:
At head of title: U.S.G.S.A.-G. I. Form no. 90. U.S. Department of agriculture. Bureau of agricultural economics.
General Note:
"Revised January 1928."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 029679447
oclc - 40650477
lccn - agr28000283
Classification:
lcc - HD9030.9.U5 A5 1928
System ID:
AA00013749:00001


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Full Text






A_-4fm oms No.00& Revised Jannuar, I=2
EPATMENT OF AGRICULTURE
wI OF AGRICULTURAL EM1NOMICS

HANDBOOK OF
'C1 AL GRAIN STANDARDS
-heat, Shelled Con, Oats
ee Ots Mixixl Feed Oats
Rye, Grain Sorghums
and Barley.

ARDSIN EPETON SEPTEMBER 15, 1927
aghed nd Abridged Description. of the Official
Standards of the United States as Established
4 Proannigted- by the Siecretar of Agriculture
ANRPATOFRES OF GRAIN INSPECTION


blptedby. G.. DOERNER, Grain Division









OW PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON
4 92








.:J
CONTENTS

t a age
Wheat standards -- -- -- .-.... 4
Hard .Red Spring wheat (Class: l"i 4
Durum wheat (Class II) 6
Hard Red Winter wheat (Class 'ti. S 8
Soft Red Winter wheat (Class: ) 10
White wheat (Class V)-----.--. 12 -
Grades for mixed wheat, mixed druin :
treated, garlicky, smutty, a.i, :
weevily wheat ----------14
Definitions 18 .
Shelled-corn standards ---------- -
Classes of shelled corn_--.22*, .. 1
Definitions ---------- -. 24..
Oats standards ---- -,.-.'---.:. 26 j-
Grades for bleached and weeviy oa:iI:, .
Definitions : ""
Feed oats standards -------" .p
Mixed-feed oats standards- ------
Rye standards-------------------
Grades for garlicky, weevily, ero i' '.
and smutty rye --------- 0
Definitions --------------
Barley standards&- --- -- --- --
Barley (Class I)-----
Western barley (Class II)- ---- ....
Two-rowed barley (Class I1 II)"-. 4.5 2
Black barley (Class- IV).,. 4 '
Grades for mixed, bleached, gareit
weevily, and smutty barJiey.^, $
.2 ,.: ':..l.


.. ..... .... 1r7 ,
'10 : t .... .v.N R.
Grades for mixed, bleaeh : ga~i ...1.. .., i.,



















i. Sout sampler (Pelican)------------ 76
.. ~e divider 77
d making moisture tests.------- 79
JaRmet for separating dockage in wheat.
tiEdl7P.ms.r-a-----------------------84
rge, 84
Sight per bushel--------------- 87
btood for detecting sulphur-bleached
-------.-------------------. 91
Imi at for grading grain according to
' ofileial grain standards------- 03
;p : and disputes under the United
grain standards act ------------ 96
Appeal ---------------------96
isue- ------------------- -- 97
"'" 97
p .ie. Lchargs ------7------- 97

i .,i an appeal or dispute 98
.l .'..:..::,::"isa pes in appeals and dis-
i". ---------------------- 98

.. 100...





I*I
*N i H. itii ii, iir!i'i ii';i,,,,';,,.. '' ,;. .










IAJJJ JhELU bSrtICN iU W UI5 .:`
This class shall include all R
Red Spring wheat, and may io uil
than 10 per cent of other h9ea i
This class shall be divided into tb~td


as follows:
SUBCLASS (a) DARK NORTH
This subclass shall include *4t1*l
Hard Red Spring, consisting o' 5~
more of dark, hard, and vitreous i r&
subclass shall not include mor':e ...'
cent of wheat of the variety Hui n
SUBCLASS (b) NORTHERN
This subclass shall include wheat
Hard Red Spring consisting, of .i
per cent and-more than 25 per 0:0
hard, and vitreous kernels. Thi- u
not include more than 10 per ,ent o i:
the variety Humpback.: 0
SUBCLASS (c) RED SPUNG.i;:
This subclass shall include Whe
Hard Red Spring consisting if ]i
25 per cent of dark, hard, 4nd vfti
This subclass shall also inela6t. :i
class Hard Red Spring co 1ist iig
10 per cent of the variety Huarnja
NOTE.--The subclass Dark Northei.IP
seven grades as follows: 'No. 1 Hard Sp.i'":
No. 3, No. 4, No. 5, and Sample Grad6,". tH
The subclasses Northern Spring an W I
divided into five numerical grades and: Sa$i
4
4.. : '. .'.i:.;; :.'.

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A

















..4
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T~a

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: I
l::P ..t: "A:
:'u"',:" :,. "," I
_ri$:;.. i:. ..:. % ":
k g ?ii':::l:.:'.'. I .. :",, !

















Foreign What, of
SDamaged material
other
kernels other than
dockage


CS St
.. ...... A .0






P.. d.. P. d. P. d. P. d. P. d. Pd.
gM :14.0 2 0.1 1 0.5 5 2
4 .2 2 1. 0 10 5
L1.0 7 .5 3 2.0 10 10
n a 1 5 L 2. o to 10
1 10. 1. 0 5 3. 1L 10
140 15 3.O 7 5.0 10 10

'wi& hall be wheat of the subclass Dark
thrn Spring, or Northern Spring, or Red
espea~ timely, which does not come within
LI ant of any of the grades from No. 1
oXl. -ioadusive, or which has any commer-
o .etionable foreign odor except of smut,
..... ..- onionsL or is very sour, or is heating,
nk otherwise of distinctly low quality, or
W.
i ip:t:ah m .all, inseparable stones, or cinders.

shal consist of 85 per cent or more of dark,
kenls^ and shall have a test weight per
t pound. In all other respects the require-
are the same as for the grade No. 1 Dark
i'egrads Nos. 1 to 4, inclusive, shall be cool
i::No. 5 shall be cool, but may be musty or
p"de No. 1 Hard Spring, in grade No. 1
and grade No. 1 Northern Spring may
-p:er-aent of the Hard Red Spring wheat



I .. .. ...








JUU f UIVi W.IiALr (Al .bD

This class shall include all vai7eti 1V; :btum :
wheat, and may include not mnore aS' per ..
cent of other wheat or wheats. Th .ris d hall
.. ... .. :* : "... V .:i
be divided into three subclasses as f oi i:"

SUBCLASS (a) AMBER DURU.:,:..
.- .. .. : '.* '.
This subclass shall include wheat bf tlelas
Durum consisting of 75 per .cent .r .::.re of
hard and vitreous kernels of amber .o ,. "his
subclass shall not include more .than I.:i: er
cent of wheat of the variety Red DukWru

SUBCLASS (b) DURU.M ':"
S" .- .: ': '.^ "; *^ *":" .
This subclass shall include wheat of theelass
Durum consisting of less than 75 i.r a .t of
hard and vitreous kernels of amber bli&a Thi
subclass shall not include more tain :per
cent of wheat of the variety Red Dria,.

SUBCLASS (c) RED DURIU.M:.':il

This subclass shall include wheat of tIhe es ;
Durum consisting of more than 1i0 per ":wit of
the variety Red Durum.: ':::;::-


S*: t:.. : '-
.. ... '* ( ::::5:: '.j. *:

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OMFIAL GRAIN STANDARDS

Clawe II-Durum Wheat.

On& requirements for-

Ad Aber'Durum, (b) Durum, (c) Red Durum

Marimum limits of-

Foreign Wheats of
Damaged material ohe
kernels other than mother
mum

IT WUW-USoft
per- Mois- Red
bush- ture mat- Win-
Hea ter ter,
Total dam- Total otther Total itd
age cereal singly
grains or
com-
bined

.Lbs. P. dt. P. dt. P. dt. P. ct. P. dt. P. ct. P. dt.
60 14 6 2 0. 1 1 0. 5 5 2
TZ8 1It 5 4 .2 2 1.0O 10 5
_4 56 A&5 0 7 5 3 2.0O 10 10
54 16.0O 10 1.0O 5 &0 10 10
51 16.0O 15 -3.0O 7 5.0O 10 10
4 '.t~ aBarliple grade shall be wheat of the subclass Amber
Durum, or Durum, or Red Durum, respectively,,
which does not come within the requirements of
any of the grades from No. I to No. 5,, inclusive,
or which has any commercially objectionable
foreign odor except of smut, garlic, or wild onion,
or is very sour, or is heating, hot, or is otherwise
of distinctly low quality, or contains small, in-
separable stones or cinders.

wheat in grades Nos. 1 to 4, inclusive, shall be cool
T4-wbeat In grade No. 5 shall be cool, but mzay be musty
0100, oUp r.
s) wheat In grade No. 1 Amber Duraim and grade No.










This class shall include: a'll4 nalI Hard
Red Winter wheat, and majy htaMdot more
than 10 per cent of other: wht heats.
This class shall be divided i in ih classes
as follows: :::.'

SUBCLASS (a) DARK HAD ..
This subclass shall include wheat :S class
Hard Red Winter, consisting of. 81 jI. eAnt or
more of dark, hard, and vitreous k:e :* '

SUBCLASS (b) HARD .W ''
This subclass shall include *wh6t" hec... las...
Hard Red Winter, consisting :Iof 8n 80
per cent and more than 25 per cent a .iBhard, ;
and vitreous kernels. ...
.. .. ;" : ::.'...
SUBCLASS (c) YELLOW :HA ..:'E
This subclass shall include w nt of t he class
Hard Red Winter, consisting of not ig than
25 per cent of dark, hard, and: vitreb; kne




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SOCIAL: GRAIN STANDARDS

OAss H.-Rard Red Winter Wheat

Oride requirements for--

t) Dark HadWiner, (b) Hard Winter, (c)
Yellow Hari Winter


Maxmimm limits, of-

Foreign
Damaed material Wheats
kernels other of other
than classes
0 ~dockage




4 a ccw
IV












I~.P. dt. P. dt. P. dt. P. dt. P. dt. P. dt. P. dt.
-------- (10 13& 5 2 0. 1 1 0. 5 5 2
-------- -fi 14-0 O-1.2 .0 10 5
sL.... 6 14- 5 7 5 3 2.0O 10 10
.. 54 15. 5 .10 1.0O 5 3.0O 10 10
50 1 M5 5 15- 3.0O 7 5.0O 10 10
grado Sample grade shall be wheat of the subclas Dark
-Ykard Winter, or Hard Winter, or.Yellow Hard
W inter, respectively, which does not come
within the rqrments of any of the grades
from NO. I to No. 5, inclusive, or which has any
commrcillyobjectionable foreign odor except
of smut, parlic, or wild'"nono is very, sour,
or is beating or hot,, or is ohrws of distinctly
low quality, or contains small, inseparable
stones or cinders.

(1) The wheat in grades Nos. 1 to 4, inclusivej, shall be cool
TMVeti aeN.5sW ecobtmyb ut





10 OFFICIAL GRAIN STAN


.. ... ... ..... .
"'" .. h.i. : ": ^ .. .

SOFT RED WINTER WHEAT E I(C)

This class shall include all vart ii % i;f
Red Winter wheat and may include i o more
than 10 per cent of other wheat o-:: i~ats.
This class shall be divided into two'~ 0aases
as follows: -
SUBCLASS (a) RED WINTE ;
This subclass shall include wheat :f t olass
Soft Red Winter consisting of both ght and
dark colored kernels. This subdass hM.A not
include more than 10 per cent 'of Sed
Winter wheat possessing the chara.ter4te of
wheat of this class as grown' west of thie great
Plains area of the United States.

SUBCLASS (b) WESTERN RED
This subclass shall include wheat of the .ass
Soft Red Winter consisting of more than I per
cent of wheat of this class grown. wet :of the.
Great Plains area of the United States 0r any
wheat of this class possessing the charcter-
istics of Soft Red Winter wheat as grdw est
of the Great Plains area of Jhe United Staes.



.: : .' ..






.. ...
a; i; .
:" : i *
: *'*' : : -. ''- '
.;. "-.: .:: .: '." .. ""












Maximum limits of-


Damaged
kernels


Foreign
material
other
than
dockage



0
o m-q


Wheats
of other
classes


0
E-
o


I .. I I I- I I


P.d P.d. P. d. P. c. P. dP.P. d P. d.
13.5 2 0.1 1 0.5 5 2
14. 4 .2 2 -1.O 10 3
1X 5 7 .5 3 2.0 10 10
1 5. 10 1.0 5 3. 0 10 10
15 5 15 3.0 7 5.0 10 10
e grae shal be wheat of the subclass Red
ter or Western Red, respectively, which
not come within the requirements of any of
ades from No. 1 to No. 5, inclusive, or
i. ha any commerciaay objectionable for-
oddr except of smut, garlic, or wild onions,
vey sor, or is heating, hot, or is otherwise
~dintly low quality, or contains small,
larable stones or cinders.


in grades Nos. 1 to 4, inclusive, shall be cool
in grade No. 5 shall be cool, but may be musty


::: : : .':![; [i..... E ... : .
.iii..; ... ...
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.. ...MiiEii~ EE .. E .... ... ... .
: :.. ............. .:.. : .. .
;::'. .. iii : .. .. ....
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: : :.:. ... ..
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:...=._ ";iili:, .:::,. .., .. i':iii:l',::::ii ; ,i.: ,, ,, ,,.
liil.... *;".. iliii::,,i::


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i:: ':::; .": "


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:: EiiEEE EiiiiE ::; C % v... :: 'ii


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.:::. ..:. :. .... "
S:i' .. .

trip,
mei!,::i!:+ +,:


80
58
U 54
* 4 *


--


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"" .. : "" H' .. :
WHITE WHEAT: .- c( LA..
This class shall include all-:,v tu white
wheat, whether winter or spring :goi': s3" ijmay
include not more than 10 :per t i.other
wheat or wheats. This class shk ,e ided
into three subclasses, as follow: '
: .:.. '" ". ;E '
SUBCLASS (a) HARD WIT .'
This subclass shall include .wht of i ass
White consisting of 75 per cent or z iiard
(not soft and chalky) kernels. Thi 'i..as
shall not include more than 10 per .et p Weat
of the varieties Sonora and White :t.ither
singly or in any combination .::. '

SUBCLASS (b) SOFT WHITE: R
This subclass shall include wheat '..of sIass
White consisting of less than 75 per "iet $ ard
(not soft and chalky) kernels. This 1 ass:
shall not include more than 10 per ct tWheat
of the varieties Sonora and White :I,.b. iher
singly or in any combination.:' I. ::A ii:, :.. t

SUBCLASS (c) WESTI'N 'WhiADi a .
This subclass shall include wheat oif -claAss
White consisting of more than ': per: ce :fhe
varieties White Club and Son.g ., ith. 0.gy
or in any combination. .
1.4 ik:J
".. ";' :, '..., :, .....
S.' .. ....... .

: .: ..... :'. :: ; .. .

.~~~~~~~~~~ .... 4 .. ,,:: .. !,:..": : ,
n T;


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019ICIAL GRAIN STANDARDS 13

Clawe V.-White Wheat

Grade requirements for--

z, Hard White, (b) Soft White, (c) Western White

P Maximum limits of-

Foreign
material Wheats
it .Damaged other of other
kernels
than Classes
at* No. dockage






SO 3. 4-20 4a Cc 005

68 14.0O 4 2 2 -1.0O 10 3
M~ it. & 7 5 3 2.0O 10 10
54 1&. 5 10' 1.0O 5 3.0O 10 10
51 15. 5 15 3.0O 7 5& 0 10 10
In a Ehuple grade shall be wheat of the subclass Hard
ptl White, Soft White, or Western White, respec-
telwhich does not come within the require
=etsof an'y of the grades from No. 1 to No. 5,
inclusive, or which has any commercially objec-
tionable foreign odor except of smut, garlic, or
r idM onions, or is very sour, or is heating, hot, or
is otherwise of distinctly low quality, or contains
sMall Inseparable stones or cinders.

T) The wheat in rads" Nos. I to 4, inclusive,, shall be cool
inna grdeN. halbecol utmy emut




"- : ": "*i. :T: .:.: : "
." ." .:'i" :::":" : : *.." ..
14 OFFICIAL GRAIN .TAiD :'.i

GRADES FOR MIXED WHETa: OtDU-
RUM, TREATED, GARLICKY,:... TY,
AND WEEVILY WHEAT .
Mixed wheat.-Mixed wheat .shil a any
mixture of wheat not provided for in l:; cases
from I to V, inclusive.
Grades for mixed wheat.-Mixed wheat
shall be graded according to each of the trade
requirements common to all of the sub~1ases
of the class of the wheat which predowates
over each other class in the mixture, ipt
that all of the grade requirements in aoni sb-
class as to the maximum percentage o their
wheat or other varieties of wheat shal:lbe dis-
regarded. The grade designation -of mixed
wheat shall, except in the case of Mixed D.urm,
include, successively, in the order named, the
number of the grade or the words "'asple
Grade," as the case may be, the words Lsi Sxe
wheat, and, in the order of its predominane,
the name and approximate percentage ..i eh
class of wheat which constitutes 10 p oit or
more of the mixture, but if /only .on:.-e 0 ex-
ceeds 10 per cent of the mixture the na i and
approximate percentage of' that class. a d be
added to the grade designalton, foUdd by
the name and approximate percentai::ge :.it at
least one other class.
Grades for mixed durum .-Mi.xed m
shall be mixed wheat consisting of O7 opg oent
-or more of Durum wheat other than the i riety
Red Durum and may contain not moi than
5 per cent of soft red winter and whte -a.t
*, **I*" .. ; / ,^ i? :: ,
: :. ., .. ..

..i ..A





OFFICIAL GRAIN STANDARDS 15

I sigly or combined. Mixed Durum shall be
added according to the requirements of the
I ;pIas for Mixed Wheat. The grade designa-
to'"n of mixed durum wheat shall be Mixed
Sfri g preceded by the number of the grade,
or the words "Sample Grade," as the case may

TREATED WHEAT

Treated wheat.-Treated wheat shall be
Sweat which has been scoured, limed, washed,
:ulphured, or treated in such a manner that
rs-its true quality is not reflected by the numerical
grade designation, including Sample Grade,

SiGrades for treated wheat.-Treated wheat
: isut be graded and designated according to the
g rad requirements of the standard applicable
; .toi uch wheat if it were not treated, and there
i:hall be added to, and made a part of, its grade
desiigntion a statement indicating the kind
of treatment.
GARLICKY WHEAT

: arlicky wheat.-Garlicky wheat shall be
i'tb hest which has an unmistakable odor of
: gsro6 or wild onions, or which contains garlic
E .?fld i onion bulblets in a quantity equal to
1: ,1or more bulblets in 1,000 grams of wheat.
aes. for garlicky wheat.-Garlicky
what I hal be graded and designated according
to the gde requirements of the standard ap-
~~ .:il to.lchi wheat if it were not garlicky,





-U UI.FE'IJCAL UK;A1::i'it

and there shall be added toM""". .
.of, its grade .designation the
NOTE.--The regulations pursuant"V'r ii
standards Act provide that "(o ..Ul:ts
shipi2nt, in the case of wheat graded
the presence of garlic or wild onion .itb11 i
stated in the space for Remarks' the a ;
of garlic or wild onion bulblets preset, ir*HbtU
terms: 'Light garlicky,' 'Medium ga~rlioy,'
licky,' Light garlicky' is hereby 4. e :. i
wild onion bulblets in an amount equal tJo I :to Si
sive, in 1,000 grams; 'Medium garlikyk* !is: I
mean garlic or wild onion bulblets .in an a i:
15 bulblets, inclusive, in 1,000 grams,;4 '....t
hereby defined to mean garlic o- wcild oni ni
amount equal to more than 15 bulblets 'in j ii.
...;.. :. .: ?:"
SMUTTY WHEAT ..
Smutty -wheat.-Smutty i-:whei.
all wheat which has an unmistakt
smut, or which contains spores, ba:.
tions of balls, of smut in excess' of ::
Sequel to two balls of average siri t4
wheat. ^we .
Grades for smutty wheat.`"- mit
shall be graded and desegnatied -eN
the method described either in par.
or paragraph (b) of this sectioip :.
(a) Before the determination
age as provided in this paxa i r..
shall be graded, and design ai
the grade requirements of t .ii.
cable to such wheat if it were" a
-that smut balls shall not be7d
Sign material other than doc i:"
weight caused by, the removsii.
wheat shall be ascertained b ::y

". .. ... .
........:
.. .. :. .:!' i.*





!OWGAL. GRAIN STANDARDS 17

!'iil o other ie, and shall be calculated in
I; ~ imof percentage based on the total weight
r.th an free from dockage. The percent-
a-: 9 io calculated shall be stated in terms of
i bie per cent and half per cent. A fraction of
i~'ut d'nt when equal to, or greater than, a half
l.. bet reated as a half, and when less than
PVshall be disregarded. Thet percentage of
4 i: "sm t dockage," so calculated and stated,
ib'all be added to the grade designation preced-
S..'ig the statement of dockage, if any.
() S:u,,t. tty wheat shall be graded and des-
klim: tei according to the grade requirements of
Se standard applicable to such wheat if it were
I 'i!* utty, except that (1) smut balls shall not
i :ionside as foreign material other than
'ii'Age, and (2) when the amount of smut
-: jreent is so great that any one or more of the
i adii e requirements of the grades from No. 1
::N'. 5, inclusive, can not be applied accu-
;: the wheat shall be classified as Sample
r:I: ae. For all grades there shall be added to
Sm~Pade a part of the grade designation pre-
ceding the statement of dockage, if any, the

WE: ILY WHEAT
Sev Bwheat.--Weevily wheat shall be all
.i ,:E .: ".' : .: ... 1
:4et irhichis infested with live weevils or other
m Injurious to stored grain.
li foii r weevily wheat.-Weevily wheat
.... ....i ... ;
.. d,. and designated according to the
.. ....... ...A .::..: ,: ... D ...... .
wlh .q.' ents of the standards applicable
tif it were not weevily, and there
b$hiida;i ........ to, and made a part of, the
iI tion the word "Weevily."







"+"PL; .......A' JL: J.V% A: :.t
." ". : r. ." ..... ... .

For the purpose of the offici4 "S
of the United States for wheat :
Wheat.-Wheat shall be"" i .'
before the removal of dockage c~y o
cent or more of wheat and when 'i:
age contains not more than 10 :peti
grain of a kind or kinds otherithan .
term wheat in these staidarn, ;
clule emmer, spelt, einkorn-:, Pol
lard wheat. ..
Basis of determinationt. h
tion of dockage, moisture,. tewaai
onions, garlic, and live w ..eevils ';, ..
injurious to stored grain..shall he uwep
of the grairi including doekage. _
determinations shall be upon thet,
grain when free from dockage. ,
Percentages.-Percentages^;: ieaxei
case of moisture, shall be perc.t:: a
tainted by weight. .
Percentage of moistI.e-Per
moisture in wheat shall be t. a.iev
the moisture tester and the..
thereof described in Circular o2--M
ment thereto, issued by the
Department of Agricilture,~i :lt,
Industry, or ascertained by;i: yj ..
method giving equivalent reiftiC' "
Test weight per bushel .IT
bushel shall be the wei0gi *W
bushel as determined by thei.
and the method of use there
M .


rds
| s' .^


.



1The
..'..


i .. .. "' .



.irn. a- "":f:".
?:?;i NO












f".L ".,! '





OFFICMALGRAIN STANDARDS *1

S472s dated October 30, 1916, issued by
IWited Mtates N~partment of Agriculture, or
,determined by any device and method giving
results.
Udrregulations pursuant to the 'United States
4W~ftds Act, licensed inspetors ,are required to state
$$qurks"in sal oerifleates issued by them for wheat,
*suod for xn Mxort shipment, the test weight erbushel
rhole pan and tenths of a pound.
)t pkge.-DIockage includes, sand, dirt,.
4seedi, weed, stems, 'Chaff, straw, grain
;s~orUn wheat, and any other foreign material
shcan be removed readily from the wheat by
A6use of appropriate 'sieves, cleaning devices,
other practical means suited. to separate the
Material present; also undeveloped,
liaedand small pieces of wheat kernels
p-4-4omoved in properly separating' the foreign
patriland which can not be recoveredb
royd rscreening or recleaning. The quan-,.
a, o dockage shall be calculated in terms of
Agbased on the total weight of the
-A, Including, the dockage. The percentage
edook so" calculated, when equal -to 1 per
-, or I ore, shall be stated in -terms of whole
*oeot, and when less than 1 Per cent shall not
staed..'A fraction' of a per cent shall be
.The percentage. of -dockage, so
,I*kA "d stated, shall be added to the
desgnaion
material other than dockage.-
*Vterial other- than- dockage shall in1-






20 OFFICIAL GRAIN STADIa:l '-

separated from the wheat in the pro~ijper diter
nation of dockage, except as provided Vint, e ase
of smutty wheat.
Cereal grains.-Cereal grains shall ti: lude
rye, barley, emmer, spelt, einkoit, 'ili'sh
wheat, poulard wheat, corn, grain Swglums,
oats, and rice, and shall not include buei~heat,
flaxseed, and wild oats.
Heat-damaged kernels.- fHeat-damaged
kernels shall be kernels and pieces of kenis1 of
wheat which have been distinctly discolored by
external heat or as a result of heating .ai d by
fermentation.



.' .. .. .











., .
." :" "

.,..








,. .. ", :. ":. 4 .." ""' : E" "... "
.: .:.,.,': ....., ... ..:'::. ::.:i :,. !,;i :.:'i, ,. -., .

,. .".... :" "..r ;,J $ 7: Y,',,":. S. .'.










S .: : .... .

i :: :"


























































r : "* .
i!" .. "
B.
I: .





i.
































".
















r" <

j ':
.I; -







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*!;! .;;;


: :I i















SHELLED CORN :T ..
"" ..:. '..':........Ch "
CLASSES OF SHE L


as follows: ,, '
WHITE CO :

This class shall consist of :.eitn at
least 98 per cent by weight of the...e.
S ., ..., : i : .!2.4.. .?; .i; :i;
white. A slight tinge of light: .. a ...r" of s.tw
pink on kernels, of corn otherwisJi6 Aistha ll
not -affect their classification' as :w$' :i

YELLOW CORB; ..' "'

This. class shall consist of corn oi: at
least 95 per cent by weight of .he k..a are
yellow. A slight tinge of :red on .. !l of
corn otherwise yellow shall no:t :va W:their
classification as yellow corn. .,i .-
*'** .. ,":c :. .. .
.. .. ,:, :. .. i" :... .:.:..- ... ..
M IXED CORN .... :..:.:..... .

This class shall consist. f e ,.:61 u u
colors not coming within thbe 4 i. Soit
as provided in the definitio:s of i e .-...
and yellow corn. White-caed ernel
shall be classified as mixed eflt~.'. :
-: ., .*::2. ...
2 2 .. ...... :" .
S .i ......:.: ,,
.. i I:' ','i .

1 1 ,r 4;i : .ii ii
( '..~f ,:"" ?::,i i il!,! $ 'ii,.. II,:.r,:,.,.:






OPMMCAL OWAN STANDARDS 23

Shelled corn
equremntsforwhite, yellow, and mixed


Maximumlimitsof
mum
Gro~ No. test Foreign )Damaged corn
weight Mi material
bushe taecraced Heat
corn damage

L.&. Pct. Pct. Pd. Pd.
-55 14.0 2 2 0.0O
53 J&5 5 3 4 .1
51 17. 5 4 6 .3
49 19. 5 5 8 5
47 2L 5 .6 10 L 0
44 23.0O 7 15 3. 0
8*zt&Ii grade Sample grade shall be white corn, or yellow
Corn,, -or mixed corn, respectively, which
doex not-come within the requirements
of any of the grades from No. I to No. 6,
inclusive,.or which has any commercially
_Objectionable foreign odor, or is heating,
hot, or is otherwise of, distinctly low


The, town in grades Nos. I to 5,. inclusive,, shall- be cool
()-'Tbb. corn in grade No. 6 shall be cool, but may be
-pastyor sour.
WEEVIY CORN
664l ,orn. Weevily corn shall be all
01 Mil Is infested: with live weevils or other
A4!qpjt *u*(ious to. stored grain.
.0e for weevily corn.-Weevily corn
4e'Pedp and designated according to
Pad T-eq uarements of the standards appli-
daitoif tkh co-fn if it-were not weevily, and
thoeseab be added to, and made a part of,
ontewod'eei1










B asis o f det. erminations -c na-
tion of color, damage, and hat :...: .; : be
DEFINITIONS : :: '

For the purposes of the official ger iri ards
of the Unite ales for shelled cora ij e ie):
Corn.-Corn shall be shelled cmateri l on :efl
or dent varieties.
Basis of determinations.-Each '0ldmina-
tion of color, damage, and heat damage bti: l be
upon th% basis of the grain after the reovl of
foreign material and cracked corn as pr ed in
the section defining foreign material and e "ked
corn. All other determinations shafll- heupon
the basis of the grain including such kpign.
material and cracked corn.,
"' ". ":] ... "..
Percentages.-Percentages, except "- the
case of moisture, shall be percentage' ~scer-
tained by weight.
Percentage of moisture.-Perc~enae of
moisture in corn shall be that ascertained.by the
moisture tester and the method of use ihereof
described in Circular No. 72 and si~plement
thereto, issued by the United States Kpart-
ment of Agriculture, Bureaii of Plant Itnd. try,
or ascertained by any device and method givng
equivalent results.
Test weight per bushel.-Test wei~t per
bushel shall be the weight per Winchest shel
as determined by the testing apparati an;d the
method of use thereof described in B1t N6o.
4 7 2 d a t e d O c t o b e r 3 0 f 9 1 ,' i~C s u e d t h e
United States Department of. AgzictUr or as
determined by any device and m'iethb6 giving
equivalent results.


.,.* ... .. .
.9". 9:..".9 ..:
c: .:" .]::: ;; ...: :. E" "'..":." ":":' /". .'::'... :": .: .r': ,."









o.; Preign material and cracked corn.-For-
| sign material and cracked corn shall be kernels
and pieces of kernels of corn, and all matter
other than corn which will pass through a metal
sieve perforated with round holes twelve
A txty-foiirths of an inch in diameter, and all
Spatter other than corn remaining on such sieve
.after screening.
S Beat-damaged kernels.-Heat-damaged
S kernels shall be kernels and pieces of kernels of
I.rn which have been distinctly discolored by
externall heat or as a result of heating caused by
H fplenftation.
!. i ....
.... ..













.. .





.. ....
l, i. :: ..



j" d : s ... :.. .















JU1_ RuA FU1JMU M- UL UUlL -re.iu
.i'. i := ." p.;i;,;.7'u u ...Li .... .
the United States.. : .. .:... .
Oats.-Oats shall be any .''
sists of 80 per cent or mbe::. of...
and not more than 10 p. ~ j
material.
Color classification.-All .OT
designated as :white, red, gray, blwi4
according to the color of the oa.its,
may be. For the purposes of this 'i
white oats include yellow oats.. .0
white, red, gray, or black,.~a es a
they consist of oats of such color, .
than 10 per cent of other.. lorgs i
and wild oats, either singly or i ;:nay .:
tion. Mixed oats shall bea all oter:
Grades.-All oats shall be shio ddW
nated as No. 1, No. 2,. No.'$, N. 4:; 1
Grade, white, red, gray, black .i'2:,: ..
case may be, according t:Io h".:a -
quirements thereof as specifi.edd t
ards, except that in the. case of
requirements as to the max a
of other colors .shall be disr
26 *
.. ",.,* .. ;, ::;,; i;,;i: ".
J: .

.......... ..
: ..::, .. .. .. .... i.
I "
.. .,., ;.';a ': ;"! :i ,i=''::X ~


&i.gn -
ur!





iked
ase I
ion,
ibe '






.g-..


she
ore-







:.; -:: .

fi: ....
ta






." .




p i :' : .. "., ;,-: :.


: .












.rquiwaremet~a fpr white, red, gray, black,
. ..... .. ...
iand ,ied oats.


1: ;.. : ..

.i* i. :::..0 2 a :" "

i M..i" .h -:.. -
IF



iI.. a.......... r" i S ..




4SNot-toexeed-
wo o an

mNot toe nmed-



coiat l. a

:L.... .. N I I. I.. I






l lf drayblak or mixed ats re-


tmlky, do not come within the require-
.... .. .......ay of the grades from No. 1 to No. 4,
H er ...whih save any commerdaily objw-
ii i.. lK adar, or are heating, hot, sowr, or
iiiiiili:H d. low quality.
gp~i~ a weem.: ___he Plor1




..li..c. .... o.. .ft..







ligh av does not apply to mixed oadts
.........3 0 1 0 10g





,iI No. 4 AA o amadL 16.
V&. rlos, No.a bla o me cl o med swa r
Siyh do not cOme w.hin the reqi
-om cl a llowd im No. 1 red NO y
i.~ytii iii o iwhi, hve any tom.hmwday obje




zil M iams afowed in No. 2 red, vq,


ii :i.:i iiii ...iii .....iiiiiii;:ii.:ii .
':j:" *,4





2 8 G R A IN ..-; :..s.. ': : .i.;11..... I ... .r..
28 OFFICIAL GRAIN S'TAlA I: .

GRADES FOR BLEACHED AND*. *I ILY
OATS
BLEACHED OATS -
Bleached oats.-Bieachea oat.shal boats
which, in whole or in part, have been teted by
the use of sulphurous acid or other bleahing
chemicals.
Grades for bleached oats.--Ble- oats
shall be graded and designated acoordig the
grade requirements of the standards -apliable*
to such oats if they were not bleached, and there
shall be added to, and made a part f ....oach.
grade designation the word "Bleached, -
WEEVILY OATS
Weevil oWeevil o.-Weevily oats shall be '- oats
which are infested with live weevils .-" other
insects injurious to stored grain..
Grades for weevily oats.-W : oats
shall be graded and designated aior~a. i the ,
grade requirements of the standard g. c.ble
to such oats if they were not weevil, A id there t
shall be added to, and made a part of, th rade
designation the word "Weevily." ,

.. .. : : "" .. : : : "

'.. .~ A.. / k '.. .. .'

.'. :. ,'" ::! "::T V ..a "T
j. : .; i ...: ,.- .' ; ,
S ... ".: ... "
.. :. ... ..:i .:: ..:. : "





.!.. Mi." ." :
'" V : :. .: ::. : :. :; i::ii : ::.K K,, :,A :, .
: : ':':!, :!:,',':ii~iii',',i i ,:::: i : :: =: ... .. ;'i':,: :":







DEFINITIONS


au of determnnatlons.-All determina-
sA'iaUi be upon the basis of the lot of grain
*.a*.:1, including foreign material, other
I..:~i, alid wild oats
i rsetage.- Percentages, except in the
eae of nisture, shall be percentages ascer-
bined by weight.
erenntage of moisture.-Percentage of
FI'...e. in oats shall be ascertained by the
moiture tester and the. method of use thereof
4ewbe& in Circular No. 72, and supplement
..lli to, missed by the United States Depart-
iime.. t A giculture, Bureau of Plant Industry,
U4*i thia the graduated measuring cylinder
f.: d i '' be that described in Department of
Bulletin No. 56; or such percentage
iii aera by any device and method
Sqivalent results.
S.Tat weight per bushel.-Test weight per
bas la all be the test weight per Winchester
I b l as determined by the testing apparatus
and the method of use thereof described in
Bull.ti No. 472, dated October 30, 1916, issued
by the United State Department of Agriculture,
O determined by any device' and method
giving equivalent results.
..:. .. ..- d w imai pmRsuant to the United States
ac ActUlamm ikupetorms ma required to state
w ii flta"mi "' In U deflates issued by then fo oats,
i ..X~a i s a expert shipment, the st weight per
fRlaNdi et. wlse aand half pounds. For this purpose a
S0ilt 0 1ntr w*l11 equal to or grmeatr than a hbalfhalb
lni": aslSalaS .tk i when lem than a half shall be dis-
:i, i; ii~ i. i :i. ... : .. .... ..

ii iiM:: .... .. .. .... .
6 4 610::::.:iii:i ii:iii:iii ii:, .
















wheat, corn, rye, barley, .ee, ,
grain sorghums' rice,i cultivatbihd:: ... .
flaxseed only. "
.Sound cultivated oats:' 6d *t
oats shall be all grains "d: fieWf- fv ..
cultivated oats which arU' iti::
sprouted, frosted, badly group .it. -.
weather damaged, or obh a:ewIaiii ti ..:
damaged. : !...... :".
N ...... ..: .
Heat-damaged grains. ,A.H HZl a .
grains shall be grains and ':IU ieep ; :.
cultivated oats, other grains, o, 4th
have been distinctly disc .re4ji.. 'd
by external heat or as a resuIt:l.:I' .
by fermentation. "^' -" ... *

r: :. .. ,I ,, U V. ,,": ..


S" '::
X ITA.
"' .:,: .; : :.! "i : ? .!.. ... .. .. .-
n0!; MI I" i .


... A
.;i~i ..... .. .... ....

NN' 'Im





.. & .. ... ..;.' ;.. .. ... .0. 0 Q P .0
S".. ~:.:;l .":' .' :i: '"i~i~i; .'.=Pr.'%:; ail."
:.. .. .. ..( ..

.i : e .. M,. .1511
: '' : E'; .
., :.. .: ..... !:;., ..'... "i -. :,.,..,..,..







;4



4p

fi




41'
zi




AW






Ir #






32 OFFICIAL GRAIN SPiAf Nl
I : '. : ': "

:.. ". "': :"i i'f:^;:7


FEED OATS STANDARDS

F or the purpose of official grain adards
of the United States for feed oats:
Feed oats.-Feed oats shall be ay gain
which consists of 30 per cent or more bVut less
than 80 per cent of cultivated oats; may con-
tain not more than 25 per cent of othe grains;
and may contain not more than 10 p a" cent
of foreign material, which 10 per ce at may
include not more than 5 per cent of finseeds.
Feed oats shall consist of not less than 65
per cent of oats, which may include wild oats.
Grades.-All feed oats shall be graded and
designated as No. 1, No. 2, No. 3, or Sample
Grade, feed oats, as the case may be4 accord-
ing to the respective requirements thereof as
specified in these standards.
Bleached feed oats.--Bleached feed oats
shall be feed oats which in whole of in part
have been treated by the use of sulphurous
acid or other bleaching chemicals.
Bleached feed oats shall be graded and des-
ignated according to the grade requirements
of the standards applicable to suich feed oats
if they were not bleached, and there shall be
added to and made a part of the ,gade desig-
nation the word "Bleached."'


;

~' ~: ;;; *.
:
i:.: .. .i :
:"
t;:' 1.; ..i:;:;l' '""'
"i :


3r


.il
.:*,






;!*
*-4*




' *^
ir

















".... .. .".
.. ..::.: ....






". ... ..
ME'N

*F "






.. ,. : ... 'ii!' '
i ..'. i!:. I !


Geoal appeancea


I.



C
a




O
I
4=
a
S
as
Sl
a
'0
0
43
a

I


'0


-S
a
BO t
'0
"Sn
ScO
Id a
aaa

^a
S8
til3


Foreign
material

IT


a
**


I
a


Not to exceed-


Lbs. P. d.P. d.P. dP. d.
M y be slightly
stai -- .------.. 32 60 2 3 2
May be stained.--- 29 45 4 4 3
SMay be badly stained
rt w heared-..---. 30 6 6 4
Sa le grade fbed oats shall be feed oats which do
not came within the requirements of any of the
rdes from No. 1 to No. 3, inclusive, or whiek
ae any commerdally objectionable foreign
odor, or ae musty, sour, beating, hot, or ae
Oe i of d distinctly low quality.
... ...... .....__^ __


IhM olmlisturainngrades Nos. 1, 2, ad 3 shall

i -s I 'sM ain grades Na. 1,, and 3, shall be oo.,


S.. ...--- ...

...Erix:. : ....ii "." .










.. .. .... .

...... ........ .


iii +. ---
.p .:..:.. .:
t. ..* : ... ... .
I. : / i- ... .... .
:... .... .






34 OFFICIAL GRAIN STADA Wl..
Weevily feed oats.-Weevily feed .st shall
be all feed oats which are infested i:th live
weevils or other insects injurious IQ stored
grain.
Weevily feed oats shall be graded aind des-
ignated according to the grade requit1eents
of the standards applicable to such feed ats
if they were not weevily, and there shall be
'dded to and made a part of the grddiidesig-
nation the word "Weevily."
Basis of determinations.-All deter ina-
tions shall be upon the basis of the" ot of
grain as a whole, including foreign material,
other grains, and wild oats. /. ;
Percentages.-Percentages, except in the
,case of moisture, shall be percentage ascer-
tained by weight.
Percentage of moisture.--Percentage of
moisture in feed oats shall be aslceftaid by
the moisture tester and the method of: use
thereof described in Circular No. 72, and sup-
plement thereto, issued by the United States
Department of Agriculture, Bureau of ?lhnt
Industry, except that the graduated miasur-
ing cylinder used shall be that described in
Department of Agriculture Bulletin : 0. 56;
or such percentage shall be ascertained by any ,
device and metholi giving equivalent results.




.. a








Teat,''.. weight per busheL-Test weight per
I bsa shall be the weight per Winchester
S sh. i el as determined by the testing apparatus
Sand thmethod of use thereof described in
Iu.lletin No. 472, dated October 30, 1916,
I ued by the United States Department of
kp' ii eultume, or as determined by any device
I ad method giving equivalent results.
I Wsr-UM re, gulatlons psenant to the United States
i "n s~a dads met, licensed inspectors are required to
-Im.Ji to :U**umnarkz." in a certifates issued by them
w::as e a n' td lems issued for an export shipment, the
:: i~wdg per bushel in-terms of whole and half pounds.
: rt roims purpose a action of a pound when equal to or
I f. k than a half shall be treated as a ball, and when les
[ ha a half baDll be disregarded.
foreign miaterial.-Foreign material shall
i b'e 'matter other than grains and pieces of
# t in of cultivated oats, except other grains
sad wild oats, and shall include oat clippings.
i other, grains.-Other grains shall include
SieaI~ corn, rye, barley, emmer, spelt, ein-
i '" grain sorghums, and cultivated buck-

I et damaged grains.-Heat damaged
gIi shall be grains and pieces of grains of
r ta ted oats, wild oats, or other grains,
t ih hsae been distinctly discolored or
i':lamag by external heat or as a result of
a ng caused by fermentation.








STANDAR.I


17~iB


For the purpose of offial pcii4
of the.United States for mixed it Sr.
Mixed feed oats.-Mixedj:: feed
any grain which consists of leap .ti
cent of cultivated oats but -not '. I
per' cent of cultivated an wil
bined; may contain not more tiI
cent of other-grains; and.: may spS
more than 10 per cent of f.of~igu
which 10 per cent may ine1ud4 i
than 5 percent of fine seeds. :
Grades.-All mixed feed.ea.s.;
graded and designated as No. 1,:
3, or Sample Grade, mixed fe. .'
case may be, according t the :,
requirements thereof as specific
standards.
Bleached mixed feed oa:ts-Bl .
feed oats shall be. mixed feed oai
whole or in part have been treated
use of sulphurous acid or other :
chemicals. :
Bleached mixed feed oaI .i :;
and designated according' t:t:i' f
quirements of the stand&rA..s
such mixed feed oats if they .e
and there shall be added f..i
.. .. .'..:. :
part of, the grade designati n
"Bleached."
36


Sa ..-* .. .." .
-. : ..* : ":" :i ." : :. .;E

:
...". I
: :. "E:.. s', ) '":!.


.4.9
.3 j

Ir
V-be




er.





: .




re .1
.,I ...
J: -V I






... .. ..
e.' .







:I
lj .:








mixE FEED OATS

rade" rAquiemes for mixed feedaf


.r: -:Frmeign



Vaal a






No~t e exced-

ILs. R cL P. d P. ct
.. W My be sliqghty saied. 32 2 5 2
law be salmhmL-------.. 20 4 7 3
May be bmt shined or 26 61 10 4
Smple umizd fInd oats shaR be mixed feed
eats w do mat cme within the requirmLnt
datmaytherarmles f No-.1 to No. 3; inclusive,
at whieh lave any cormmecall~y objectionabe
hnftn odkr or are nmsty, Sm.r heatnz, bot, or


stu soega al anoiture In. rades Nas.1, 2v and 3 shall




.-

38 OFFICIAL, GRAIN s AaI

Weevily mixed feed oats.- eeily :ed
feed oats shall be all mixed fee.l oat 4i;ch
are infested with live weevils or otier ncts
injurious to stored grain...
Weevily mixed feed oats shall bo f"- ed
and designated according to the grad re-
quirements of the standards applicae to
such mixed feed oats if they were not evly,
and there shall be added to, and inAd a
part of, the grade designation thwie:ord
" Weevily."
Basis of determinations.-All deterwtina-
tions shall be-upon the basis of the lot ofrain
as a whole, including foreign materials other
grains, and wild oats.
Percentages.-Percentages, except .il',...the
case of moisture, shall be percentages er-
tained by weight.
Percentage of moisture.--Pec-~ eriige of
moisture in mixed feed oats shall be aseer-
tained by the moisture tester and the ~ethod
of use thereof described in Circular N:. -72,
and supplement thereto, issued by the UIited
States Department of Agriculture, Bureu: of
Plant Industry, except that the gfadated
measuring cylinder used shall be that de-
scribed in Department of Agriculture Bulletin
No. 56; or such percentage shall be ascertained
by any device and method giving equalent
results.... .....


1 .. Z % .". .....
S ., : .C ,

'*- .. i.. s y '. .. a






OFFCXAL GRAIN STANDARDS


Tet weight per bushel.-Test weight per
bushel shall be the test weight per Winchester
bushel as determined by the testing apparatus
and tih method of use thereof described in
Bulletin No. 472, dated October 30, 1916,
issued by the United States Department of
Agriculture, or as determined by any device
and method giving equivalent results.
No .-Undmr rqulatiarn pursuant to the United States
almsia nasda act, used inspeto s are required to state
anda "Remnarms" in an eafimats ianed by them for
nimad eed eats, nile issued for an export shipment the
Strt wibt per bushel in tems of whole and half pounds.
Far tis purpose a faction of a pound when equal to or
grater than a half shall be treated as a half, and when ess
than a half shall be diegarded.
Foreign materiaL-Foreign material shall
be all matter other than grains and pieces of
grains of cultivated oats, except other grains
and wild oats, and shall include oat clippings.
Other grain.---Other grains shall include
wheat, corn, rye, barley, emmer, spelt,
- einkorn, grain sorghums, and cultivated buck-
wheat.
Heat damaged grains.-Heat damaged
gains shall be grains and pieces of grains of
cultivated oats, wild oats, or other grains,
which have been distinctly discolored or
damaged by external heat or as a result of
heating caused by fermentation.


39











K.... J .A.N .......:::. : : ..:
gKaIE Aj% 7
For the purposes of the official g !&nd-
ards of the United States for rye": '' -::
Rye.-Rye shall be any grain. iE fore
removal of dockage, consists of ..50 tQ4 or
more of rye, and when free from .doo cong-~
tains not more than 10 per cent .6fi m r, :.ai
of a kind or kinds other than rye. *': :.:*": I::
Grades.-All rye shall be graded if9eig-
nated No. 1, No. 2, No. 3, No. 4, tza~f le
Grade, as the case may be, according ..t ree-
spective requirements thereof as applied in
these standards. i.:.A
...i.. : .: .. .,
GRADES FOR GARLICKyE, .EEY. R-
GOTY, AND SMUTTY' R :Y
K .: : M .! ; ::4
GARLICKY' RYE '.." "
...... :.:.: ..."* ;."i,: --: : '.' .:, .
Garlicky rye.-Garlicky rye s b" iU I ::ye
which has an unmistable odor of arl& 'wi
onions or which contains gar.li o : t.;anion...
bulblets in a quantity equal 0 ii mo.r re
bulblets in 1,000 grams of rye:.: '::,,:
.,, ... J.R +,,,,,: :i ?;'
Grades for garlicky rye.-GarM .a:::.all
be graded and designated according t~rdoi
requirements of the standards appi le to:,
such rye if it were not garlicky, pd trthe shall
be added to, and made a part of, i grade
designation the word 'Garlicky. .:4 :
4 0 '. ..... ....... ... !..



; H. jiS,, .. 4 ir; : :. ,:';i
.'" ': ,
: ,r: ;,,,. ,,, :.:. ,, ,. ,: ii;,L .. : =, ,: g i~i l~i ii l


























.i:i!i~ iiii:ii i ......:..':
.'......... "..

;i; ;... .. .... .
.. ..... ::E" .. ...: "" E"
.. .... ..' : ..

ii::E iii EE:: ..
i:::::L: ::!' '.:.ii :ii .... .
iii~i, iii; h "= !h = ", ,
tdbi!" !L !i,",


"ii:* b ....
"

"
..... .. --Z -


.i... '. .. .. .. i
.......ii: ": ...i .. ...ii : .

i.... ..ii .
E .. .. ..:' ..'.. .. .. .:
." .. .. ;i: ,,,. ::...
H .. ..
.. .
s'"i ;-k--;


Mini-

tast


pW
b~ush


Maximum limits of-


Mois-
ture


Damaged
nes


Total
(rye
and
other
grains)


ker-


Heat
damage
(rye
and
other
grains)


Foreign mate-
rial other than
dockage


Total


Foreign
matter
other
than
wheat


Ltb. Pd. Pd. Pde. Pde. Pd.
56 13 2 0 1 3 1
5t 14 4 0.2 6 2
.. 52 15 7 0 5 10 4
S4 16 15 0 10 6
ample grade rye shall be all rye which does not
amoe within any of the grades from Nos. 1 to 4,
indbive, ar which has any commercially objec-
tionable foreign odor except of smut, garlic, or
wild nions, or is very sour, or is heating, hot, or
otherwise of distinctly low quality, or contains
small, inseparable stones or cinders.


M;i -f, "qhges- Nos. 1 to 3 shall be cool and of natural
.... ... .. .. .o s .t..

,,mgad Njo. 4 shall be cool but may be musty or


...ii .. ...ii .iiiii.." "
i :i!ii .iii.i ... ... .. .
.iiii i : .. ... ..

i i: ": : ." ... .. .. .. ..
:;;;i~iii~i; ."; i ;i: i,::i
i;::: iijii ;': i i:" : .. .:


........ ..:" ..... :.. .... .
::E::::. .:EEE"......... ....... ... =..
.M.


iii ..iiii,"
"iii:iliiiiiEi~ i!iiE!ii E E :E .EE. EL .
i. .iiiUidi" .II ii ii ..
ii~~i;; ili~iii~ i~i~ii! ,,,:iiii;;;;; iii,' !,,u ,,-,

ii...iiiE:. i..: ii=E: i ll!':: ill ;E ::::EE"...li..;i:: :..." ":i ;
iiiiiiiirl~ i;~iri~i ;l;:,,'iri:, i i ii; ii;iii!!i'i;i",,,! ,:
:.EE:: .":::EE .:EE: E EEEE .i i l;.:::EE"::=' ...E: .::EE :" ": .

i;i-;i ii~i~i iii.i :i ii ii'. 'i# / #,,..:...


ii_~ ___ r


.ii .iii .i: ::


il
.;; ;I




=... .. : ..: .

42. OFFICIAL GRAIN STANDAMai
WKEVILY RBE

Weevily rye.-Weevily rye shall be airye
which is infested with live weevils or other in-
sects injurious to stored grain.
Grades for weevily rye.-Weevily rye shall
be graded and designated according to the grade
requirements of the standards applicable touch
rye if it were not weevily, and there shall be add-
ed to, and made a part of, the grade desigoation
the word Weevily."
ERGOTY RYE
Ergoty rye.-Ergoty rye shall be all rye
Which, after the removal of dockag entains
ergot in excess of 0.3 per cent.
Grades for ergoty rye.-Ergoty rye shall be
graded and designated according to the grade
requirements of the standards applicable o such
rye if it were not ergoty, and there shall be added
to, and made a part of, the grade designation
the word "Ergoty."
SM rY BYE
Smutty rye.-Smutty rye shall be any rye
which has an unmistakable odor of smut, or
which contains spores, balls or portions of balls,
of smut, in excess of a quantity equal to two
balls of average size in 50 grams of rye.
Grades for smutty rye.-Smutty rye shall
be graded and designated according to the grade'
requirements of the standards applicable to such
rye if it were not smutty,.and there shall be
added to, and made a part af, the grade desig-
nation the word "Smutty."

"EdE : : E: :





I ONVIWAL GanRAIN STANDARDS 43

I .* DEFINITIONS
sia, of determlnations.-Each determina-
Ci :' of Dockage, moisture, temperature, odor,
Scadons, garlic, and live weevils or other insects
ii Injurious to stored grain shall be upon the basis
Sf the grain including dockage. All other
I determinations shall be upon the basis of the
Sgrain when free from dockage.
I Perentage--Percentages, except in the
case of moisture, shall be percentages ascer-
r talked by weight.
P percentage of moisture.-Percentage of
Soistuc in rye shall be that ascertained by
i e: te moisture tester and the method of use
ii;:ureof described in Circular 72, and supple-
int. thereto, issued by the United States De-
*.r nt of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Indus-
14y, or as determined by any device and method
Sa ving equivalent results.
Test weight per bushel.--Test weight per
hL .iael shall be the weight per Winchester
I buel as determined by the testing apparatus
l.. and the method of use thereof described in
Bulletin No. 472, dated October 30,1916, issued
*I"by the United States Department of Agriculture,
i. :r a. determined by any device and method
Giving equivalent results.
SNorTm-Undwe rhtinms punsanmt to the United Staes
|al s'J r AnIits IatI11a.*ia d inspaers are inquired to state
a 1Sl*aEm In a ertifiatesn issued by them for rye,
agieo d fotrrwas sprt shipment, the test weight per bastel
Ari wIiSW*MIn M and tths of a poand-




.... ... ..... .... .
.. H. .
...% ..A..






.. ".'... ...
... .. .t.... .
Cereal grains.-Cereal" .5hia ""in l.ude-
wheat, barley, emmer, sp~t, oprn
grain sorghums, oats .and rie:, OlY4tiall ;
not include nongrain sorghums, :J:i: heat, I
flaxseed, and wild oats. ...: '
Damaged kernels.-Daiaged sh ll
be all grains and pieces of .....sins 8 and
other grains which are heat daiagdi pted,
frosted, badly ground damaged, ibad her
damaged, or otherwise distinctly da...l.i .
Heat-damaged kernels.-Heu*t-ed
kernels shall be kernels and pieces of AEppl of
rye and other grains which have been i':a etly
discolored by external heat .or as a i tl~t of
heating caused by fermentation, other t
Foreign material other than daege.-
Foreign material other than docka' in1 in- -
elude all matter other tha l rye, :is~wi' not
separated from the rye.in the proper d iteina 'm
tion of dockage.
Dockage.-Dockage includes sand dirt,
weed seeds, weed stems, chaff, straw: gr in
other than rye, and any other foreign'' triall.
which can be removed readily' from the r.. ye by
the use of appropriate sieves, leaiagivices,
or other practical means suited. to ~P ate the
foreign material present; also ,ingF loed,
shriveled, and small pieces of ye keris which J
are removed in properly sepsartneg fi.i reign
material, and which can wnot"'. ecered by
properly rescreening or recleactig, ::
The quantity of. dockage s b ~ t
in terms of percentage based .on .teit eig

N"N. ... .".. .4
.. .,,. il ,:. i :.i~~iiii=! i;i 5i:,'.; i= 14.:
... ,v. : .",':. ',:: i' L:::3: ..' : :: .:'.:.E.: .' .E~,:'E.,:~i:#EE EiiE.iEE~ii": .. : ".jNE:"..
~ ~ ~ N :: Nj"'!===~;#= i' .,'.i '=di; ;; :# ii: '. ., ", ." ,.,;;i'






O~rCILGRAIN OTANDARM 45

&the grain include the dockage. The pe-
adayOf Eockae soclulated, when equal to
1-P garent or more, shall be stated in terms of
Vbole per cent, an when less than 1 per cent
sbWl otm be stated. A fraction of a per cent
X.-l be dirgadd The percentage of dock-
apso etrmiedand tate~d, hAAR be added to






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BARLEY STANDARDS

S For the purposes of the official grain stand-
ar: of the United States for barley:
Barley.-Barley shall be any grain which
consists of 50 per cent or more of barley, and
contains not more than 25 per cent of cereal
gains of a kind or kinds other than barley.
The term barley in these standards shall not
include hull-less barley.

SNonX.-Barley for the purposes of the standards is divided
Sto classes and subelaes as follows: Class I Barley; Class
j Wltn Barly aided into suasses (a) Bright Western
wsad (b) Western; Class IM Two-Rowed-divided into sub-
AiRse (a) Bright Two-owed and (b) TwoRowed; Class IV
SBwEk B ARey; LEd Mixed Barley.
SNort-Barley grown west of the Great Plains area of the
d of te United Stacted and graded on a "dockge"
bLIs. Barley grown east of the Rocky Mountains wic be
1aspLe od sand graded under a system of grading which does
Srinclde lr "ess d barley.
47




No-B for the prse of the standards is divided







48 OFFICIAL GRAIN STPANIM I
"" .:. .71: ----
BARLEY (CLASS I) :

This class shall include all white (Wumes)
barley grown east of the Rocky .Mo6Utins
and may include not more than 10: p .cent
of other barley or barleys.
Grades for barley (Class Il.-~e he class
barley shall be divided into seven grades as
follows:


No. 1 Barley.
Special No. 2 Barley.
No. 2 Barley.
No. 3 Barley.
No. 4 Barley.
No. 1 Feed Barley.
Sample Grade Barley.


.. .... ...




S t

' .. ; : : "" .. .. "


i: '


iS
** *^ ::: .";- V.


t
'. ":." .. .':* ..a
...




i:: .
.... .. .. .. .. :.." .. :. I
..
.. .:. "

E ."- .. *'.. *.:

*" : ...: '"S s .: ....' : ;:.illt
.. :.': ;:i:." : .:.":: : ;ii'.:: iii~iil.. i ; .~;i .. ::::.
':., .... .. :.. !: ::::i !.:::; ..]
:... ,'. Ei':..i.:::. : : E. .. :.. .. :." I."









G a eCon~ditio nannd Oflw h S u deg

r bfiley M2&0 1 ykn


Ibsel. d t .c.P<.Ac. 'P. et. Pt- P.<
No. 1I ---------- ay be slightly stied wi ... 4 95 __.0 3 2 31'
Special No. 2. May be stained --------------- 4 92 2 71 5 2 6 1
No. 2 ---------- May be stained-........ 40 86 6 10 3 10, 102
NO* 30 ......... May -be stainedW or lighlyj .43: 86 ,s5 10 4 10 10: 5
weathered.
No,. 4 ---------- May 'Ue badly stained or 40 80 1.0. 1& 5 10
weathered.: 4
No. 1 Feedct --.....,--... .., .... 35 70 .3.0O 25 6 -------- 10

Sample Grade: Shall. be barley which does not come wilhin the requirements of grades No. 1, 8 cial No a
20, No. 3, No6.4 or No. 1.YFeed, or which has any commercially objectionable foreign odor,-exceplo~f smut,
orls musty, sour, heating, hot, or contains stones, or Is otherwise of distinctly. low quality.
I TIN bailey in each grade above Sample Grade shall be cool and sweet.
IThe, bailey in grades No. I and, Spocial No. 2 may contain not-over 14.5 Per cent of mois .ture, and the
barley in grades No. 2, No. 3, No. 4, and No. 1 Feed may contain not over-15. r cent of moiture
lHeat dmae inlds a-damaged kernels of barley, cereal grainst or8 w ots


























Subclass (b) Western.- flis
include barley of the class Wt
which is stained, weathered, or
any manner. ::,i
Grades for Western B e
classes Bright Western and I.'
divided into nine grades foic h isS1i ,
follows:

FOR SUBCLASS BRIGHT WEglTJEX

No. 1 Choice Bright Western. ....tL
No. 1 Bright Western..
No. 2 Choice Bright Western. :....
No. 2 Bright Western.' ::
No. 3 Choice Bright Western.
No. 3 Bright Western. ::
No. 4 Bright Western. .- A* *
No. 5 Bright Western.
Sample Grade Bright Western.

FOB'SUBCLASS WE .a.....
No.1 Westen... .'. ...... .
No. 1 Choice Western.
No. 1 Western. ... ... ..
No. 2 Choice Western.
No. 2 Western.
No 3 choice Western.- ....... .... .
N6. 3 Western. P .
No. 4 Western.
No. 5 Western. .
Sample Grade Western.
S :"
:" .'. :i :' i..i :.t "
8ampl Grad Westrn. .... 'L"tj: tHA


... .' .. "






"I-

I.... .. .. :.






IS:

: E ..



d*.:* : '
. ... *. ..
: *:* ;.. ... :


, *. .;: ., : ....:
;ill:: : .:;,, : ,

t: i:! ": : "i"tt l'l






ffUag Oats,7' 'I, l7dM
77~~ts oata "" -lne 1_1%W #other ., 4 %
#r d .- - eg tIa d o n
Bhllbeof My e-- usel a m er d Tt#





DM~~ Westherned.6il
Sape Grae: Tel ebalyo tesblss rt WtenoWserwhhde oth claseswti

whchcotanswid roe rass Brma rusan Berbes otflal bhrokternd in-aqatt u~fn
Shal bede iofdsntllof- Mualy be- $I o r ley age distincy kerel denaltalBlac
h are n l rde bveSmleGaeabal I barley'swet

e reetfogresNo. I I.. Good coor Slgtys aine hc sfe rmsud ...c co43n go 0.0a1m 01 aed 0knn
aNo. rknkresnti xeso 2 a., 4eni g oad N 1, 2 e eti ISad o. 2 an 0 0 e et

Sape Grade: Shall be begarley sNof the Nuo. rNo 3 ho Bright Western, or WetrNhc oes 1not come withi n

Thelab WatIn. all thde above Sa mpl besal eco adset






52 OFFICIAL GRAI-N, Sm4Qt..

TWO-ROWED BARLEY-( (LA it .;

This class shall include the -in.gi me.-
2-rowed barley, grown. 'west f t-1w.. ;I e
Plains area of :ithe United ',StAi s Ai d.na
include not more than 10 per, en'4 d hcir
barley or barleys. This class sh-a1 ..be J. ,ed
into:-two subclasses as follows:. ,.:
Subclass (a) Bright Two-Rowe -Th~
class shall include barley of tthe tas.wr
Rowed Barley which has. a good colorb h
Subclass (br Two-Rowed-l ,'sdb14i g
shall include barley of the 'cs :'s& "
Barley which is stained, weathere d ot:didi-
colored in any manner. "'' '
Grades for Two-Rowed Barley. .Tw. pub
classes. Bright T wo-Row ed ncd ..w
shall be divided into nine grad f
subclass as follows: :':" :" ::i
*. .. .'.. : ". ": ,. *',
FQR SUBCLASS BRIGHT TWO-HBOWD .
'N No 1 Choice Bright Two-Rowed "
No. 1 Bright t-wo-Rowed.
-No. 2 Choice Bright Two-Rowed...
No. 2 Bright Two-Rowed. ...
No 3 Choice Bright Two-Rowed. ..i
N 'No. -Bright .Two-Rowed.. ,-.
.No 3 4'CBrighit T wo-Rowedo. Rowe:. i
No. 5 Bright Two-Rowed.. .. '
'Sample Grade Bright Two-Rowed" :
i" :" .' .: : ., : ', ,'- .. ', .j .., rX ,, ,

FOR SUBCLASS TWO-ROD :- .
-No.1 d :hoibce'Two-Rowed;.. ,:
,No. 1 Two-Rowed. ; .- '
No. 2 Ch6ice Two-Rowed.
... ,. : .d ." : ; ^ *'"' ; '.. ... ... l.
No. 21Twio'Rowed.
14q. C hoice Two-Rowed. : ..: .
No. '3 Tw o-Rowedd J..
No. 4 Two.-Rowed. ..-
No. 5 Two-Rowed.
Sample Grade Two-Rowed. ,

,,.0 ..i





T *04OW"ED', MEY- requiream taft for the, asbel) t e11WI
lo~wed and Two-wRewed
Coninimndnera Oma-ximumlits -

01ad -w d Two-Rowed test ]lest oats n Skied'db otpa
weight Bound da.foreign and/or ianid
per barley admateria rkn eh
Shall be of- May be- bushel .other thah kernels dets Tc tat
dockage bre
Pd. _F. Z.H P. cf d. P. d, P 4
No. I Good color.. Sligtly stained --- 47' 98 0.0 1 8 4 0.
No. 2 8. ..do ------- -----do -------- --... 47 go 1 2 8 8 00
No .....o. ...Stained -------- --.. 44 94 3'3.. a 12 .3 100
No. 4-- ..do... Badly stained or 41 90 1.0 Q 16 ....... !
weathered.
N o. 5--. -,----do.. --- -- I----do ------------ 3 as80 3.0 10 1 25 L. 0 0 ..
Sample Grade: Shall be barley of the subclass Bright Two-Rowed or Two-Rowed which does. not come with-
in the requirements of any of the grades from No. 1 to No. 5, inclusive,, or which has any commercially objeo-
tionable foreign odor, except of smut, or is musty, sour heating, hot, or contains small Inseparable stones, or
Which contains wild brome grasses (Bromus rigidus ana B.* rubes) of a character and in a quantity sufflignmt
to render it of distinctly low quality, or is otherwise of distinctly low quality.
I The barley in all grades above Sample Grade shall be cool and street.
2The barley in all grades above Sample Grade may contain sot more than 13.5 per cent of moisture.
3 Grades for Choice Bright Two-Rowed and Choice Two-Rowed-barley: Barley which meets requirements
for grades Nos. 1, 2, and 3, and which is free from smut, and which contains damaged, skinned and/or broken













LALkUS.


.... .. '. Ni:

This .class shall include aL1A/iylrTiM

barley: and may include notwi r

cent of other barley or- barie.y,+l. ..

.Grades for. black barleyTy ,.,

JBarley shall be divided inta stzS|
"",. :P '" '
f ollo ws:

No. 1 Black Barley...
No. 1 Black Barley.
No. 3 Blac"rarley.
No. 4 Black Barley. .. .. .:;
.... .... .,. ;, .... ..
No. 1 Black Feed Barley. """



:" ..:. .: ;, .. :IE :
S le Grade B lake B r ..;* ...-.,



/ ". ..... : "
+... .+.:; r..; iT

NI *1 B c e d Barley.: ,.: .::..: i 7;', :-i



P;i


*. .. .. ..... .
I K


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';* 4
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:.LE X (







OMFICAL GIRAIIN STANDARDS 5 1

BLACK BARLEY'

VIAd requirements for class Black barley

maximum limits Of-
mum


Condtion- and 0-9 0








I.0
Oae general I:$ 9 'C
aP~aanc r o a g 0




P. P.
Ma beLbs. P.d. P.d. P.d. d. d.
1. ak esihtly 48 95 0. 1 3 2 3
Noa*Z- May bo discolored- 46 92 2 5 2 6
o.8 Mair be discol-. 43 88 5 8 4 10
-.Oed or slightly
eathered.
X& 4., May be badly 40 80 1.0O 15 5
discolored or
m------ ---------- 35 70 &.0 25 6 --



Id:Shall be barey which does not come within
"#oOf any of the grades from No. I to No. 4,
0. 1 Black Feed, or which has any commer-
JOforeign odor, except of smut, or is musty,
or contains stones or. is otherwise of dis-

4 tW each grade above Sample Grade mhall ben
W U per e mnt ofmoisiure.







GRADES FOR M1IXE] L R .ED,
GARLICKY, WEEVILY, AND t TY
BARLEY .
MIXED BARLEY, *
!;,: "y .ii, ,: ...
Mixed barley.-Mixed barley ha any
'. : ..: .*".; ':; ".: :: ".:.. ... .
mixture of barley not provided to. the
Classes I to IV,Y inclusive.
Mixed barley shall be gr aed Asee ij to.
each of the grade requirement 'm-to.
the class of -the barley which predo inmates
over each other class in the mixture:, .i.ept
that a-ll- of the grade requirements 'i aAny
class as to the maximum percentages : othe
barleys shall be disregarded.. The g':al"es-
ignation of mixed barley ll l.in O 4
cessively, in the order named i ,0of
the grade (including the wordW :,r
"Feed" when applicable);, qt,;, :iords
"Sample Grade," as" theciase may t,.v thd
word "Mixed," and, in the :d ''4 itpre.
dominance, the name and approximate L
centage of each class of barley which emti-
tutes 10 per cent or more of the mixte but
if -nly one -class exceeds 1' t ikhh .
mixture, the: name and apprboim tim.a
age of .4at lass hOLall e ,W,,& l
designation, followed by the nIi.
proximate etrbentage of at st: ~ e
class.. ..
BLEACHiED. BARl .. ..

Bleached barley.-Bleached: .arley 1i tll' be:.
barley which in whole or in 'part be "
treated by the use. of sulphur us adl ~ otht -
bleaching chemicals. :- : ... ,,

;." ..: ". : ': '' ": "
".'. ,.. ..".' .: .. ....:.
.. ?: .. .H": .
." "" ...!.'" :.. : :.: ::.'~i -'.. .. i'.;: JI ; 2. ,: l'.." .''" ". : q .





OXW. PLJ.RAIN STANDARDS 57

ppoboo ple shall -be graded and desig-
noodig t te -standards, applicable top
Pvey if it were not bleaclied, and there
s ded4..to, _.and made a' part of, tho,
e d' gntion the word '.'Bleached."
,GRICKY BARLEY
"Ioaky botlegra--Garlicky barley shall b6
wXAmihly, ht9"h has,' an unmistakable odor of,
#adi-e or *rik: onions, .or which contains garlic
sot w-Md, oniou bulblete In a quantity equal to
oi*@Qr awor bulblets in, one: thousand: grams.- of
barley.
ftlik brey llbe graded 'and. desig-
a rd'" .t he grade requirements, of
ph*ardO 4pplicable to such barley, if it
licyand there shall be, added: to,I
part qf,, Its. grade des ignation..the

b ,i WXVLY: BARLEY
4Wiy-'arly. eevl'barley shall be all
Wit le Mbwich uifese with live: weevils or other
tagWs~igunioas to stored, grain'.
-t,;,Wieeifl* barle]y a-hallI. bie graded 2and desig-
admi nobrdiado /he rad rquirements of
the standards, aPPlicaible to: -such, barley if., it-
M"Ve 40t weevily, and there shall be. added, to,
401 a4.as part of, the. gr ad e d resignation, the
word Weevily."

1)arly.imtty barley shall :be inl
6fth' 'hasad unitakble odor of
14 I Ah; 'hair tho kernels Icover;6d' with
dAs W, bi rwhtdhichbo6ntns bmut lmases.
abb 1;4414qiuntlty equsl to 0:2 :petce~ht.






":i. "' : ""; '.. i *
Smutty barley shall be g.. .;i
nated according.' to the xd'W ye
of the standards applicable 'a' W ''S
it were not smutty, except .TI::
amount of smut present is. so i
more of the grade requiremeints of
ical, grades can not be applie i a
the barley shall be classified :asn
For all grades there shall be .ad1d'd S
made a part of, the grade design'
ceding the statement of dockage, if-I
word "Smutty." .
Basis of determinations.-(a)"
of barley grown east of the Roek yio
each determination shall b .up.W.i
of the lot of grain as a whoe,; i
material, wild oats, and cereal grMi dI
the case of barley grown west Wi'::;
Plains area of the United iStdes eai
mination of smut, dockage, mQstg~a4
ture, odor, and live weevils o; it*r
jurious to stored grain shall .*' :. :
of the grain including docai igag
determinations shall be upon th
grath when free from dockag.Ig
Percentages.--Pereentageis,: it.:`h
case of moisture, shall be: peri*ita M
trained by weight.
Percentage of moistutre~0 e
moisture in barley shall be ta
the moisture tester and the metWd4
of described in Bulletin 137 W :4
1926, issued by the Unite
of. Agriculture, or asera
and method giving eqtivalen Ni,
.. ...


or
*I; P -


idy
.


M.
i



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OFICALGRAIN STAliDARDS 59

ght -per bushel.-Test weight per
90&RI be the test weight per Winchester
as 46dbtermined by the testing apparatus
nothodof uase, thereof as described in
No. 1065, dated May 18) 1922, issued
nxtod States Departm~ent. of Agri;.
or As determined by any device and
0(giving equivalent results.
fvgtltionsd pursuant 'to the. United States
'Act Iioonsed inspectors are required to state
l all metificates -issued by them for bar-
tior'al export shipment, the test- weight
*4*torat of Whole a nd .half pounds. For this pur-
pf1ound when equal to or greater than a
=404oedpas a Wtlf and when less than a half shall

inthe came of barley grown
Ope Great Plains area of the United
up ockgeincludes weed se-eds and other
get ateialexcept. cereal grains and wild
.WWim"** e= be removed readily from the
ps~y he use of appropriate sieves; also
pViopd, shriveled, and small pieces of
y k'eral removed in properly -separating
inhigt aterMal specified and. which oan-
sevredby, properly -rescreening or
..The, quantity of dockage shall, be
-Wt rOos of percentage based on the
i the- grain including the dock-
Th pterce ntage of dockage so calculated
Ito_ 1 per cent or more, shall be
padof .whole per cent; and when
we cent shall not be stated. A
per cent shall be disreared.
of dockage, so determined
4Hal he added to the grade des-
!4






** .. .:',,. ;," ::. ...
Foreign material other *a. i4 g--
In. the case of barley grown wir;if~ t
Plains, area- of .the UnitedI~ i I. T ig
material other than. dockag .: s4 ; j !il~,
matter other than barley wich, 5i. stg*
rated from .the;barley in the .ropq.. ..m
tion of. dockage,. except .cereal gr, i 4ll ,
oats. !4' .. rr ;-
Foreign material.-In the case. of ..y..
grown east of the Rocky M1uit u aiWa i g-;
material shall include .all Ll t tr 44
barley, cereal grains, and, wildit s "
Cereal grains.-Cereal .grains iam
wheat, corn, rye, oats, hull-les EMS,;iiy,
emmer, spelt, einkorn; graia s orgh4e
and cultivated buckwheat. t ,. :)fe '
Sound barley.-Sound Ia rey sha :Iw IF
grains and pieces of grains' of' b:u Iyt~^'.
cluding skinned. barley, whidh ai.e thr A
damaged, sprouted,. frosted badly d
damaged,' badly weather dataiged; rs6
wise distinctly damaged. .'
Heat-damaged kernels.--Heatd s eAg
kernels shall be grain and pibteest-gahds "
barley,' cereal' grains, or wild.:oa wW t. ive
been distinctly :discolored orrta phag i% eee
ternal heat or as' ,t'esult of hting db
fermentation. :' :' .:

; ;, i ,.; ~ ... .: ;. ..4i-. F: ,.J %. .P*.
i : I.. .. .
: ; : .' .hf *o' : :" '+. : l .r
a i.. .,

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SAIh ~SORGIUMS STAND-
. iii.ii.. ..' .. ... *-A ji f l
! ;;;;? K l :


Si e pupose fof official grain standards
:4 N UStates for grain sorghums:
SltN iokr Bs.-Grain sorghums shall
'W tg wl!ch consists of kafir, milo,
"t' .ri t daijo, freed sorgo, kaoliang,
..bt' ....ndi. 's.b lu, and any hybrids
& ..ase.~i ~ se And not more than 35
p ntf pongrain sorghums, other cereal
;ma gn e material and cracked
S6ind 'in these standards,
4dgiti^ ju ay' combination.
i subclasses white kafir, kafir,
I, white durra, and durra, and
.1i*i-i.,fef.t darso, freed sorgo, brown
t:d', WIaff, shallu and mixed
"all be' divided into five
ir er '!i~bcls or class, "as the case
liocC id ther e respectivre require-
as specified in these standards,
i case of mixed grain sor-
."a6 rei ts as to the maximum
ni .A.b.tl 9tler classes or other colors
0, MTi;Al~~~


.M. I 0. ipt 1.
... .: ." .... ..


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ar a
.... .. ..... .. .. ::
q Ii. I.. "... ....
.. ....
P*4: : h Al i h ..J 1 2
.. ... ..." ..


E:.:E. ":E: .. ..":" d:. :!:
pi:i
.. .

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HI
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:m~ ii. L: I' .E'" .".. :
.... ... .iii li,!',:i i :; ,, : ,!' :. i
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iii ': ',iii"iiii .i',|,
i !', i! liilli R '!ll:::: ,,:!;.i: !::.::W ..:i


61


I:


.*








ULLAbbSLbS AIL -tUBitiUfl..l i
SORGH .tk l

Grain sorghums shall beO d :
and subclasses as follows:; ..:
Class I. Kafir.-This l..a
all varieties of kafir ad1
schrock kafir, and' ay ineide
10 per cent of other graiu, sorN
class shall be divided into, tw
: :; .~~ .. .....
follows:
White kafir.-This subolv.'
all kafir and hegari, except sc:"
sisting of 90 per cent or mior: oI
including other classes i,4
ghums. Red spots or other *.
upon kernels otherwise' iw ;ri

Kafir.-This subclass ...
kafir and hegari, except d t'"
coming within, the cla' '
kafir. -.
Class II. Milo.-This da n.
all varieties of milo, and .:m :'
more than 10 per cent ofai:
ghums. This class shall b
subclasses, as follows: ::.4 '" '.
Yellow milo.-This. subSitl aMJ
all milo consisting .of 90 o i
S 'i: .. .. .."
yellow kernels, including .?ib i
nongrain sorghums. *: ..4.. '
Milo.-This subclass s
not coming witinthe aph
low milo;. ,


d-e, -
4-
pt


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g :" ...r','iir.H :"





0nott

All

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>1 'e..P,.

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15#7Othe 1 rains
4 ~ ~ ~ ~ F` elapetn IN Mo17 ea
iire Won W"M Nd -a' ir




9 ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ta ghl broo ndotntra doan
ma b sigtl dsolded......... 6315 6 88 1.=
8 Bhll b col an ofnatu alodor an
ma ediso ored ...........a .... Re1st1 1 5 1 2
4 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~w MOl*ecoladmy emsyso
kalin,,ehok ai r hal, esetielw cPder notap coewti h eurm Ntof ny o the grade
fromNo.1to 1o. intuave, r whch as &7 comer iay o Toetoable (orMin Todoal or batIng Total orionely
wise~~soghm #or-sictylo uai





'.64d .OFFTCIAL QRAi) r* ... ..
Class III. Durra.--Thigs a de
all varieties of' durra, ai nOt
more thari 10 per cent pi tF sar-
ghums.. This class shall be divide4i two
subclasses, as follows:
White durra.- This; subekass pfilf e
all durra consisting* of- 90 flrn... I zire
of white kernels, includiDig-t her las nd
nongrain sorghums. Red spots 4 t a
coloring upon kernels other isew -1t ait
not affect 1 heir classificati e w '
Durra.-This subclass 'h =i al-
durra not coming within th.tlai i n fU
white durra. ,
Class IV. Feterita.--This a class L i
clude all varieties of white feterft, an maf '
include not more than. 10 perzet t t ..thei$
grain sorghums. Red p6ts- or i- t or
ing upon kernels otherwise ift U nht
affect their classification as w&tt t ita.
Class V. Darso.---This ,eass s '1ifi dlu
all varieties of darsd anj may ipalude nb
more than 10 per cent of other grai4sorghunms:
Class VI. Freed Sorgo--This Iass sha !
include. all varieties of. freed sorg and ma :
include not more than 10 per ee6*t ,of other
grain sorghums. : .
.Class VII. Brown Kaowang.-his class i
shall include, all v; iefies. of browa kaoliag
and ay inclid moe thi W per cehit 'i.
of other grain esrlumi .
Class VIIL 8Shro -&afir,-T h ts shl :
include l.va.rited -;of rok k.aaknd mfy
... .. : ? :
Sif "chld "tI more, than 1)prn ofothU
grand ghums.

";' : :i: ': ...... .
.* :,.I'"i ,""" : '





O QICIAL GRAIN STANDARDS 65

Cii la. I ShalfiL-This clam shall include
A varietU of shall and may include not
ame tban 10 per cent of other grain sorghum.
No m-Any prain uiaum o sr in aghbum hyrdd
a.ne.t ma.m lndlmM I to IX, inmndive, abh be insbIed
bhae dwam .u It mot nedy armunbes.
Mixed grin sorghum.---Mixed grain sor-
ghums shall be any mixture of grain sorghum
not provided for in the classes I to IX, inclu-

Mite d 'grain sorghums shall be graded so-
rdiang to each of the grade requirements
.. men to the class of the grain sorghums
which predominates over each other class in
the mixture. The grade designation of
"Mixd grain sorghums" shall include, sue-
. eevely, the number of the grade or the
words "Sample grade," the word "Mixed,"
Sand, in the order of its predominance, the
name and approximate percentage of each of
at loast two cismes.
I Weekly grain sorghums.-Weevly grain
S, ghums shall be grain sorghums which are
infested with live weevils or other insects
injurious to stored grain.
Weevily grain sorghums shall be graded
and designated according to the grade require-
ient of the grade applicable to such grain
aorghuwm if they were not weevily, and there
milm- be added to and made a part of the
S rae dMignation the word Weevily."
m Lt y grain sorghums.-Smutty grain
q* hm.r. shall be all grain sorghums which
.I a at unmistakable odor of smut or which
I: sl,,s ..: ilanut masiM
.L ... .. ... .. ...


il






V ) .. ..! ...A A ..it.I.
Smutty grain sorghums t:i d .
designated according to teLS m m .
ments of the grade applic:ili in it
sorghums if they were not im.. ti lir.e3 a
shall be added to and mada: pm e Met
grade designation the word "Sm:. :i. .

DEFINITIONS.
Basis of determinationiS' E : ~i
nation of general appearance, tene,
odor, smut, moisture, test weight i
"foreign material and i crae:d :lS:i ':":
"sand, dirt, and finely broken lil" i' a l....
insects injurious to stored grain :a li lii' on
the basis of the lot of grain 'as a ;id ;m
all other determinations nshallff b
basis of the grain when free ft Oai:;N W :-
terial and cracked kernels. I.' ;.'!:- ;"
Percentages.-Percentag exe '. .
case of moisture, shall. beI ;.: permri ier
trained by weight.
Percentage of rndilsture.-~~r i :'
moisture in grain sorghums si mha1 m
trained by the moisture tested:. bmt6m 6 d
of use thereof for kafir, as i se bI
cular 72, and supplement tEM i by
the United States Depart'iMt fli :
ture, Bureau of Plant Intl
stained by any device a ild i E' i
equivalent results. ':::" : "
Test weight per bushel. t Nl J
WW 1 .r L..... "'iN i .I :An
per bushel shall be the test i A.i n-
shester bushel," as determUixd mmm T L i; tn

.. m m m m :j.m
....... .:: ..;. .m. ..:; m..,.ii llII
h;4 I
2 t".mmmmmmmmm iJi i





OPICIAL GOAIM STAWDARD13 67

"ppaatus and:: the -method of use thereof as
dee eribhed in Bulletin 472, dated October 30,
1014, Issued by the United States Depart-
swot -of Agriculture, or as determined by
sydevieb and method giving equivalent

Other Igrains.-Other grains shall include
wheat, -nongrain sorghums, corn, oats, bar-
lerye, emmer, spelt, einkorn, rice, culti-
fttad buckwheat, and. flaxseed only.
Nangrain .sorghums.-Nongrain sorghums
hall 'include. the grkin of sorgo (commonly
U&Mled "cane seed "), broomcorn, Sudan grass,
and Johnso grams, and hybrids between any
sonabinOil, of the groups of the nongrain

so gaums.r n cakdkenl
F foreign material and cracked kernels.sal-b
graing and pieces of grains of grain sorghums,
*Ad all. matter other than grain sorghums
which will pass through a No. 8 sieve, and
all foreign material, except other Lgrains
tenainngon, such Msieve after screening.
&Sand dirt,, and finely broken kernels&--
ftnd, dirt, and finely broken kernels'shall be
liely ,broken kernels, sand, and all other
lnatatria which will pass through a No. 2)j
ieeand all inert matter rmiig on either
14 N. 234 or No. 8 sieve "ftr screening.
(a) No. 2% sieve.-A -metal sieve perfo-
i*We with round holes 2% sixty-fourths of an
IOW to: diameter.







S' *..' *:
'. ..:. .
68 OFFICIAL GRAIN SiYANDAtf:l)

(b) No. 8 sieve.-A metal sieve pae ated
with triangular perforations .8 slxty-rt
of an inch long on each side of perforation.
Damaged kernels.-Damaged kernels aJ
be all grains and pieces of grains : -grain
sorghums which are heat-damaged, sprouted,
frosted, badly ground-damaged, -mo ldy, or
otherwise distinctly damaged.
Heat-damaged kernels. Heat-damaged
kernels shall be grains and pieces of grins of
grain sorghums or other grains. whieh Lhidve
been distinctly discolored or damaCigd .by
external heat or as a result of heating caused
by fermentation. A





.. ':7 '..''




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.. ...* .. ,












rA
S. _K.

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.. ... "" !





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"




................ .......
OFFICIAL GRAIN STANDARD 69

IMPORTANT FEATURES OF GRAIN
INSPECTION

BASIS OF INSPECTION
The Regulations of the Secretary of Agri-
iculture governing licensed inspectors provide
:in part:
S"SuEc. 17. Inspection to be based on represen-
U live sample.-No licensed inspector shall
lFse a certificate of grade for any grain unless
the inspection and grading thereof be based
upon a correct and representative sample of
e grain and be made under conditions which
permit the determination of its true grade.
SEach licensed inspector shall take proper pre-
cautions that no sample be exposed to manipu-
lation which would deprive it of its representa-
tive character at any time after its collection.
S "S.c. .17 (a). In the inspection and grading
otf lots, parcels, and cargoes of grain loaded
aboard boats, barges, and other vessels, licensed
inspectors shall be governed by the following
requirements:
S S"1. If such a lot, parcel, or cargo tendered
for inspection and grading be uniform in
quality and condition, the grade shall be based
.upon an average sample thereof.
"2. If such lot, parcel, or cargo so tendered
is not uniform in quality and condition by
reason of the presence therein of a material por-
Ston of grain of a different grade the licensed
inspector shall consider the portions of such
I.lot, j:.:Iar, or cargo which are of different
....~ a.. separate lots tendered for inspection,
I r aW tafl separately inspect, grade, and certifi-

.. ..........










*. *. .. h : .. n :..... ..

cate as to grade such diffe*ei. nt

each such certificate of grade sh-Allear t te-

ment to the effect that the grain .h .it

applies has been loaded onW bodd with #ther

grain, the grade, description, and aIproiate

quantity of which shall be specified. ;:
,' ii:i:,':':l, .:, : .....
S :.. .. :: .. .



S... : : .
S..: :...
H- :..:.." %" :.


** :" I' :'i '. .


.. L ...'.. ::. :. !. : .





i :* ... ... .
.: .. .



..: : :'; "
.*: :;:: ": .





: .': .: ..:... .o .. .
.. .. ..
*" : .. : ..; ..' ,. :. ..

S' .. .

: .E.' ?*: ..

". .^ o .....

















::: ::. :: .." : .. .:" ". :'..:..EE:E::





SOMOIIAL GRAIN STANDARDS 7 1

THE AMPINGOF GRAIN
e biuing of a, representative sample is
plenialto the determination 6f the true grade
i)(a given lot of grain. 'If the sample obtained
_U not representative no amount of care in mak-
jtdeterminations for the grading factors will
lblh the true grade of the grain sampled.
nequently, great care should be taken in
Hamplin g in order that the sample on which the
gride of the grain is to be based shall truly
]represent, the grain sampled.
IegLaI 3&on 5 of the regulations of the Secre-
of Agriculture under the United States
&ran standards act, given in Circular No. 70,
Melie of the, Secretary, United States Departe-
lilne of Agriculture, states:
"Sjo. 7. For the -purposes of- an appeal or
dispute no samples shall be deemed representa-
tive unless of the size and procured in accord-
A"e with the methods prescribed in instructions
16tied by the Chief of the Bureau of Agri-
oulura Ecnomics in. effect at the time of
taki-i the appeal or referring the dispute."
SCoopy of the current instructions in effect at
i6 time of taking an appeal or referring a
diagnt mway be obtained upon application to
joy office of Federal Grain Supervision-
I seordnc wih tisregulation, the follow-
fin revisedd instructions were issued by the
a"-of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics,
tthdar date of July 29., 1925:-
I. traal be approximately 2 quartz in size.
#W OmWae to-elapse between the -drawing of the






72 OFFICIAL GRAIN .TA.Am)M t: I

sample and the determination of wonifd
permit of such change in the condition. of the
sample as to affect the grade, at least 13 pints
should be inclosed in an air-tight'co tainir and
the remainder, if any, iri a clean cloth sack.
II. In case of bulk grain in a carload lotor in
a wagon, at least five probes (with a double-shell
compartment trier 60 inches long, or one giving
equivalent results), and as many more as may be
necessary in the discretion of the sampler, shall
be taken from the grain in different parts.of the
car or wagon, as the case may be.
III. In case of bulk grain in a canal boat, barge
ship, or other vessel, at least five probes (with a
double-shell, compartment trier, or one giving
equivalent results), and as many more as may be
necessary in the discretion of the sampler, shall
be taken at points through each hatch or opening
in the deck, or may be drawn from the spout or on
the belt or other conveyor from the vessel if taken
in such a way as to be representative of the entire
lot or parcel.
In case of bulk grain being loaded aboard a
canal boat, barge, ship, or other vessel, the sam-
ple may be taken from the spout or other con-
veyor to the vessel if taken in such a way as to
be representative of the entire lot or parcel.
IV. In case of grain in sacks, samples shall
be drawn from as many individual sacks selected
at random as will enable the sampler to pro-
cure an average and representative sample of
the entire lot.
": *" : :.



.. .. '*. .. : '
*, :.. :*,:^ ''i' *' '











i. Iu ease it shaM appear that a material por-
tan cFt lot or parcel of grain is in any manner
Hi :bie inferior to the remainder of the lot or

[ w, ol, and/or if loaded, or to b6 loaded aboard
.a Banal boat, barge, ship, or other vessel, is of
Ia differ grade or class than the remainder
o the lot or parcel, a separate sample otherwise
S:opying with these instructions shall be
i. a from such portion and from the remain-
.... portion. There shall be filed with such
":. a statement showing the estimated
Sqj Swity of each portion of the grain from which
Ieak such sample was taken.
." :. "
.". ....... ,


. .. :";; : ... .
..: : ::" ". "

ii.:: ::: : ..

... :: ... .... .....
, :.. .. .

-H.
,, .. ..:,.. ".... .... ..
....... :. ... ......
. ... ... *


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ii:. .. :.' .:: .








SAMPLING DEVICE'

GRAIN TRIER (PROfE) AN G
CANVAS ..

For obtaining a representative .saa. a,
carload of bulk grain the use of the d1i he,
separate compartment grain trier r n
in Figure 1 is recommended."
The use of such a trier makes t pBil he
sampler to note any unevennes' in o :d
also to ascertain the approximate en.loditi4d
quantity of any mixture of grain or o. :f- y,
smutty, heating, or damp spots, etc..' ,id'ln
any part of the grain. In order to assist in' d'ibgn
this it is advisable to use a canvas,5 b' etie in
':~. ,: si ':I :: ."^' '
dimensions on which to empty the graEiS from
the trier. The grain should be empti4 trigth
wise on the canvas, each separate tri es ar
from the others, so that the grain froi- each
compartment can be noted separately. '.i:
... ...:..:.. ... ......; .. "
any part of:l the gra In a orde tssi:-;:!lr g


S.. 4 '..,: .. ,.
: :" .. .: .













K..
S. .* *M.-...: .. .
: -. ...::.:. :`i' :. -
". .:? '* : : :" : ". :



: *** *. ^ s ^ ^'; ; 1
,. .* :": :^ .' .:. .
... .. ...

















S INNS T rUaPf
. z. *OUTE TUBE
ZrOPLTNINO IN TUafS


'..

. ..
ex .!
x x** .--


9errro vs
to



rEnAI~fflw
nrA~newO


k



It
t


3
i
ml


E


I _.... ...
0 litter; (probe). Double-tubed, separate-
h grain trier (probe), recommended by
tof Agriculture. A, trier closed; B,
4, crosection, showing double tubes;
and E, longitudinal view, show-


~C 3





76 OFFICIAL GRAIN A.TiK '

SPOUT SAMPLER OR "PE LA "
For obtaining a representative sapGirom Ia&
falling stream of bulk grain, and part. y f or
sampling bulk grain being spouted :to the
holds of a vessel, a spout sm.. plery Aly
referred to as a "Pelican, (shwn .....2).,
is recommended. ". :























FIG. 2.-Spout sampler (elcan).
....... ......



of grain being sampled... .In operaiin the
,t .. ... ,, .. ., $ *...8 -.'







I, ,















the samples obtained are then reduoedi n size
by being put through a Sqerner ,plere
(Fig. 3.)
Opa'l
,o-.. r;ai b i. s m ld -In'. Op :e;
... ..





OM.ICIAL GRA STANDARDS 77

SAMPLE DIVIDE (BOERNER SAMPLER)
After a representative sample of the lot or
pareadl r gain to be graded is obtained, it is
!usiuly necessary to reduce its size consider-
Stbly, in order that the grade may be determined
y careful analysis. To reduce the size of a
| simple of grain containing foreign substances
Sof different specific gravity or size than of the
Sgra i with which they are mixed, and at the
same time obtain a sample as representative
as .the original is, hardly possible except by
mechanical means.
Figure 3 illustrates a device, generally re-
Sfered to as the "Boerner sampler," which will
Divide a sample into smaller portions and still
: maintain the proper proportions for the various
I_ facta of the original sample. In the opera-
Stion of this device the grain is placed in a hop-
I e at, the top of the machine and released,
:- when it l-pases through an opening at the bot-
Sto.ns of the hopper, down the sides of a cone,
"I point of which is directly under the center
I t. ~ openingi. Around the base of the cone
rie 36 pocets or openings. The grain falling
d ownthe sides of the cone is cut into 36 separate
.stre.ms, which, a little farther on, merge into
Stwo streams Streams Nos. 1, 3, 5, etc., unite
ito one stream which empties into one recep-
it ae, and streams Nos. 2, 4, 6, 8, etc., unite
i inio another stream which empties into a see-
Sod: .. reaptacle.
ITi dev ice and a simplified form of it are
.I. a desrlein United States Department of
SAgriuture Bulletins Nos. 287 and 857.


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,. : ... :.'^ ** :. .....:


FIG. 8.-Sample divider. A, vertial:
showing paths taken by the materi
hopper to the containers; B, cro~ase
the base of the cone. .


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1






METOD OMAIG MOISTURE
TESTS
Owing to the numerous methods of mak ing
moWisturdeterminations and the wide variations
in the resuto obtained by the different methods,
the tester and method described In Bulletfin
1315Y dated February 1926, issued by the Unite
States Department of Agriculture, have beenk
desgnaedas the standard on which the grades
w6e based. This in no way precludes the usee of
other Methods of making moisture determina-
tions, so long as the results are corrected to con-
form to those secured by the standard method
Vpc0ified. Figure 4 represents a sectional view
of the official standard -moisture tester.
In ...,,- moisture tests, use the quantities
of oil and grain and extinguish the flamne as
listed 4u the following table of specifications:

Oil in Weight Extin-
Eld of "ran flaku of grain guish the
in flask flune at--
C. C. Grams 0C
-------------------.... 150 1(* 190
Oats ------------------ 150 1 50 195
Ry --------------------- 150 100 175
---------------. 150 100 1900
BM W _------------------ 150 100 190
JUdsmed. _----------- q9% 100 175
Fled rime (mille). ------- 150 100 20D
80ood bead rice. -------- 2 150 100 200
ftreenings rice --------- 3 150 100 20D
BMSPees ricm ----------- 1 150 100 200
ll w riwe. ------------ 2 150 100 200
ris.. .150 100 2)00
1 Usae sp"W agraduate which is one-half of the volume of the
glregtae however, the regular graduate may be used
bthp oitr test reading.
88s Owol -pad 2 i-nches in diameter and one-fourth
Of flask.
.4 flask (Dept. of Agr. Bulletin No. 56).
"CV0
l79

































































FIG. 4.-Moisture tester. Sectional view the. OiI'm" sture
tester, showing the various parts propeHily connected for use;
A, distillation flask in position three-eighth8 ofMinAhh above
the wire gauze
i:.. .. ..
80 '
U i:
... ....












,::: ,,:i ::huiiNfr





SOWFICIAL GRAIN STANDARDS 81

i: special points for consideration:
S (1) The moisture tester should be installed
in a place.where it will not be exposed to strong
Sair currents.
S(2) The standard tester is equipped for heat-
ing with illuminating gas.
(3) The wire gauze with asbestos center
Should be kept in good condition, and so
adjusted that the flame plays directly in the
center of the asbestos.
S (4) The'bottom of the flask should be not
Slees than three-eighths of an inch above the
wire gauze.
S(4) See that the column of mercury in the
thermometer is continuous; if broken, it should
Sbe shaken down.
.. (6) Thoroughly mix the sample before weigh-
: ing for tests; and unless the test is to be made
immediately upon its arrival in the office, place
i. it ir-tight container.
(7) Make tests in duplicate, and if duplicates
Seary, over three-tenths of 1 per cent make
Another test.
(8) Adjust the thermometers so that four-
SfiMfs of the mercury bulb is submerged in the
g' in and oil after the grain has been placed in
t *h flask (See to the. adjustment each time.
SDo not guess.)
S (9)..Ue correctly graduated thermometers

(10) Do not use mushy rubber stoppers as
Sttai, barb some of the moisture that should
.. s i.t .the graduates.
.:::: .*. .. .. .





oJL riJUnIAL tRAIN STAIEYD -3"
Z "" *" ..H t

(11) Clean and dry .ea graide before
using for a test. (Do not :j~e,.thr~a\n iio- aiy
moisture in the bottom or along b: eid .)
(12) Do not use oil directly from th i.evious
test. Empty used flasks into a lar torage..
can and never directly into. tbizi Iibsuring
device. ..
(13) Keep a good circulation of ::o ii water |
through the condenser tank*;. '. ;":: :
(14) The heating apparatus should I. .. ad-
justed that the required temperate reached '
in 20 minutes. A longer time wil i results.
too low and-a shorter time too high" .i: ."
(15) If the moisture content of the nhiple is
high so that there is a tendency to eii over,
lower the flame until a considerable. i;rtion of
the water is distilled over.
(16) The heat should be cut off t- fr. exact
temperature prescribed for each.a g ra ,' .
(17) After the flame is exting.uish.ed li ::ght
gradual rise in the temperature i'to be elected.
A sudden increase or sudden dearea~i i~ a tem-
perature of several degrees :indicatetRt hat the
flame was too intense during the lattiit rt of
the heating, and the test sho ;u b rh~sted,
(18) Do not remove covers, : arimobe their.
mometers, until the temper~atir aaeis to
1600 C. .R-..: .
(19) After the temperature ti '~-uo tr t
1600 C. or lower disconnect the.i ao te ad
then the delivery tube.
(20) Read the percentage of oi t in the
graduated cylinder after alli thf i 4 eging
..*.. I'.. .. ... ..

: V4: .:; :: : ::: .. .: ......
:". '
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.. .."% : : ".. kE H: 'iEE E, :. : :





OMCI1AL.: GRAIN STANDARDS 83

Awies of the. graduates have been shaken
Te reading Is taken beneath. the layer
oil on p of the water.
(21) iesulta of teits need not be expressed
Oro closely than. onestenth of I per cent.
*02) If the water which distills over is discol-
dthe substance has evidently been burneod
44e test should be repeated.
1(28) When machine is not in use keep ther-
n"omaters connected in the flasks and the flasks
wanected with. the distilling tubes in the same
napner as for making a test.
'(24) Before making a test in a new flask, or
,bpfdre using a machine that has not been in use
ra a 24-hour period, a test should be made on a
,pvftibiary sample so that all the flasks will be
iatformin c-o~ndition*
(25) Place: scales on a firm support and see
thit* they Ate in balance before making a
* 4he*nK
,t2) The specific directions given above and
Bulletin 1375, issued by the United States
ffipwment Of Agr"culture, for making tests
0 o% apply to modified forms of testers.




i J': :" it :
DOCKASt '
EQUIPMENT FOR SEPA~RAIN T GE
FROM WHEAT AND hI -
In determining the quantity of'..;tied: ip
connection with the official grading o m hiA or
rye the following cleaning devices ar :iied in
the offices of Federal Grain Supervisib,&
1. A small wheat tester or device t: r ovi
ing barley, oats, wild oats,; piees `:i M e aw,
weed stems, and other coarse mat from
wheat. On account of the peculiaAort,
jerky motion of the riddle, this m~ has
been popularly designated as the wi:.; -oat
kicker.'' ... ; ...'
2. A small machine with indentod .i for
removing wild peas and similar seeds. ,:2;
3. Set of perforated metal hand sie ::.,. he
sieves and bottom pan should be ,I ra in
shape and made of aluminum, bras ,o'r other
suitable material. The smooth u oi: the
metal should face up. The met4l b d%- be
0.025 to 0.035 inch in thickness.
(a) Bottom pan: Inside diameter B4 be
13 inches; depth 2Y inches; and ri: p
of pan -f inch in diameter.
(b) Buckwheat sieve: With .riargu er
forations A inch on each side of pritions;
inside diameter of sieve should be: 1: i h,"es;
depth of sieve 2 inches; and roll at to :::ieve
should be i inch in diameter. .
(c) Fine seed sieve: With round peri tions
- inch in diameter.
(d) Fine chess sieve: With slotted drfora-
tions, 0.064 inch wide by % il: h.lon:g.-
84 .


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P/NVA461jCA0 LV/EVEC


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a


C445 CNZSTJMYVC


rat g the perforations (full size) of the dockage
e4 by the United States Department of Agri-
sotnection with the enforcement of the United
a'.dards Act. Buckwheat sieve, triangular
-i;lb long on each side of perforation; scalper
. prforatiops i-inch in diameter; fine chess
SiGOns 0.064 inch wide by -inch long;
slotted perforations 0.07 inch wide by K
. .i.d. sieve, round perforations A inch in di-


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._.V tJA A: ... .,. ,. ,,:.: .JL%:.JLL" .,..L&;%,il.--1^.L^,:,, M

(e) Coarae chess sieve: V a-
tions 0.070 inch -wide by :
specifications and dimensiodi: -;ri...^!^
(f) same as for (b) buckwhe Azie 4c;
(C) Scalper sieve: With A:u ti:
j( inch in diameter; dept. of ie be
1% inches, inside diameter sa tlel,
and roll at top of sieve ii n in 01 :
NOTE.-Sieves (b), (c), (d), and (e) hildbe et l :st
very freely with the bottom pan. TheSOiper ld
nest very freely with each of the other three t sievS Ed also
with the bottom pan.














IG. '6.-Nest of two do.kge sie.. ..
It is absolutely essential.




of dockage obtained. In t g.







ner of nesting of the sieves are vSo6t|a:El 6-8.
j&.;. E .








7 M 1 '. :, H' ."
S IG. e e .--Nest f two dokige a l .i:... ....
..... ..... ". .
of nhe perforations of the sv e a








:,:.. ...4..







STWJT WIH E BUSHEL
STANARD MEHD OF MA KIG TR
TEST
The conditions given in the method described
below have been found to be essential in makin,,
u"Notn tests of weight per bushel and obtaining
secoateresults, and have been adopted as
standard i connection with the enforcement of
M altd Sttesgrin standards Act.
It o-Usm an accurate quart-sized tester.
2. the kettle from a hopper-
3. Opening at bottom of hopper must be
revad an.exactly 13J inches in diameter.
4 Bottom of opening must be held exactly 2
inches above center of kettle.
Ag W hopper on inside at a point where it
wiR bold Just sulcetgrain to cause overflow
ove adt mide 'of kettle.
6." use saevolume of grain for each test.
7. #se a s ker made of hardwood with
dianoth rounded edges, 12 inches long, % inch
thic, ad 1%.inches broad.
Me lae the stroker on the edge of the kettle
lgty without jarring the kettle-
9, IMok the grain from -the kettle with- three
I'W"Wngth signa otions of the stroker.
10O. Hold the stroker on the kettle with its
Mmd held In a vertical position.
11. Ifake the stroke clean all the way across

a9 gave the kettle rest on a firm base.






88 OFFICIAL GRAIN SAANDAt

13. Do not jar the kettle before or*Nil4 the
stroking operation. "
14. If the top of the kettle is rou gl fmoo -
down the roughness with rounded aetsi bar,
but do not use a file for the purpose.-






























FIG. 7.-Standard apparatus for deterrniing the test weight
per bushel of grain ... : .. ,.

15. Make the test immediately after the
s ko a n.. ..- .;:. ; ,-,0 m )








sample has been brought to the inspectiq room,
office, or laboratory, to prevent dryftig out of
the grain with consequent change e it test
weight.
.. ..... ....










r-




... *. .... .:.: RA: .
"i-" ": "* "'::' *
?&M
i iT














1& Usa a beam which is both accurately
ad.ated and semdtive to one-tenth pound per

S t Hae your grain tester tested periodicaly

... .) Acuracy of kettle capacity,
I: .....i'- .() A~eourac o beam reading, and
4 () Semaivensa of beam.
J ie nod of testing the accuracy of the test
ba.ie and the accuracy and senitivenes of the
ll..itilg beam d any weight per bushel testing
nSft Bi given in Department of Agriculture
Sull etin No. 1065.
Any oamf FedRal Grain Supervision will be
ld to tet your apparatus for accuracy, or ar-
siagn to have it tested for you free of charge-

TI WEIGHT TO BE DETERMINED ON
DOCKAGE-FREK WHEAT, DOCKAGE-
S.M. RY1E, AND DOCKAGE-FREE BAR-
I...T FOR ALL BARLEY GROWN WST
I OF TiEE GREAT PLAINS AREA OF THE
-. N ED Y.... STAT S
T: e :icl standards provide that the detr-
hai. .n tc the test weight per bushel in the
me m wheat, rye, and for al barey grown
west :9 tie Great Plains area of the United

..... .. .. ....









States shall be made upon the tb-asi i grap -
from which the dockage has been '..a .:
The test weight per bushel iss: t :lmain
factors in determining the grade of- g and
a'sufficient quantity of the originall r:ile
should be free from dockage to periti B test
weight to be made with a quart teste. .:Under
average conditions a sample of 1,0 :00 i of,
wheat or rye containing the dockage Willifve
a sufficient amount of dock age-ifre for
Determining the test weight with qla s;4lier
-However, if the wheat or rye contains a large
amount of doarse material and .,otber reign
matter it will sometimes be necessary to .i ove
the dockage from more than 1,000 gins in
order to secure a sufficient quantity. of d age-
free grain to make the test weight :w4 l': quart
tester. .. .


...
... .. .. ... .
S* ... .


..

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.: .: *:: .. ..: .. ..
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ija ablog, and the cross tube 4 inches wide.
i Coirk stoppers of good quality.
I"7. rttubei: Several of 25 c. c. capacity.

: OD OF MAKING THE TEST
'..~.~i e 100 grams of the grain to be examined,
. :: : :?. .. .... .. ....
wir iwith 10 grams of mossy zinc, in a 500
Ii e y... flask. Pour into the flask
i gh ofi th diluted hydrochloric acid to just
&Lk hpn Close the flask with the cork
::: ti:::ii L-ehaped delivery tube, and
: ;i: .. .. .. .. ..
wmnii iI :l. of the delivery tube in a test
W.I c. c. of the 1 per cent lead
l i91
.... .:.i.iiiiii ...' i i i :





92 OFFICIAL GRAIN S TTA DAR

acetate solution. The test tube-shoilld not be
over three-fourths full of lead acetate stion,
in order to prevent spilling when the ia begins
to pass over.
The delivery tube should extend to within
1 inch of the bottom of the test tube. If the
grain has been sulphur bleached, the eom-
ing over will combine with the lead acetate
solution and produce lead sulphid, a ';"r nish-
-black precipitate. If the grain has .. been
sulphur bleached, the liquid in the te tube
will remain clear. Should the grain i very
dirty, fine granules will occasionally, e seen
held in suspension in the acetate soltit i. in
the test tube, and- the same condition will
obtain if the acid is: too strong. Thi" fine
precipitate should not be mistaken for lead
sulphid. To test these granules, addii- t he
test tube a few drops of ferric ehoide (1
part ferric chloride to 10 parts distilled water).
If they are lead sulphid they will dissolve imme-
diately. .
SPECIAL POINTS FOR CONSIDERATION
1. It is essential that either mossy or granular
zinc be used; other forms are not sais~fMttby.
2. A preliminary blank test, using everything
except the grain, should be run with every test,
and the results compared with the test .n the
grain.
3. At times, because of the purity.,of the
zinc, the action between the acid and the zinc
is slow. The action may be nMade inmokre vig-
orous by adding to the flask & few drops of a 10
per cent ferric chloride or copper ulphate
solution.
L :-".... R., .! ".. ..":. .':;. .




. i ::: .* : ......... : ..
.. ... .. ...
.. .. ., .......

AW.RATUS FOR GRADING GRAIN AC-
ORDNG TO THE OFFICIAL GRAIN
S STANDARDS

S For the information of persons who desire to
equip laboratories for the grading of wheat,
led corn, oats, and rye according to the
I oficil Dgrain standards of the United States the
Sloftwing equipment is regarded as essential:
,1. Brown-Duvel moisture tester, completely
q tpped -with flasks, certified centigrade ther-
S tmters to read correctly from 1700 to 1950;
... p rates of 25 c. c. capacity; one-hole rubber
I oppes, siaes No. 5 and No. 3; condenser tubes;
i16 ,O o. c. oil measuring device; supply of oil, etc.
[. h; United" States Department of Agriculture
Buei No. 1375.)
S. 2 A convenient apparatus for detecting sul-
Spha or bleached oats consists of an Erlen-
S er a k of 500 c. c. capacity, filled with a hol-
oi" _d-glass stopper with a glass delivery
b :: il~nd a 6-inch test tube about 1 inch in
r dia ter. (See S. R. A. 55 (Markets), United
i tes Depa:rtment of Agriculture.)
Ba.. lance, capacity 1,000 grams, sensitive
I to o.4-tenth gram, with set of weights, 1 gram
. 1,000 grams.
4':,, Balae, capacity 500 grams, sensitive to
t..eO.th gram, with set of weights, 1 gram to




.::. w1i l:ram' to 50 grams.
,l ... .. 9 3
. .... .i
... .......







6. Set of perforated metahi isi~: '
in the determination of dockage : and
rye. (For specifications of the "'doc leaves
see "Equipment for separating dockage,; 84.)
7. A small wheat tester or device ?'"rti v-
ing barley, oats, wild oats, pieces if sit,*eed,
stems, and other -coarse matter S. tet,
popularly designated as the'"dild-6 aer."
(For further reference see Equgidiipmel a-
rating dockage," p. 84.)
8. Sieve and pan for use in the deteil action
of "foreign material and cracked corna'"-:eiorn:
(a) Bottom pan: Inside diametei ~ildt 4be
138 inches, depth 2% inches, and rioll4tl of
pan A inch in diameter.
(b) Corn sieve: With round perfioras* it
inch in diameter. This sieve should Itad to
nest very freely with the bdttoim pal::;
9. Weight per bushel tester (rain t.eis ,; 1
quart capacity, with funnel, havig aSi NIe~et
opening 1K inches in diameter, ; eni l-ield
in place 2 inches above the test ka .. iad: a
hardwood stick % inch thick 'by 13 `--ees
broad and 12 inches long, with i ges
rounded to a semicircle, for -stroE~ t. i grrp ai
from the overflow test kettle. (Ti's a" aratus
is fully described in United tafe teii menit
of Agriculture Bulletins Nos:. 4L and If .)
10. A device for correctly dividnl~ s ..:igrain
sample into .smaller portions, :or aain ad
moisture determinations. ( ~tj h;it4 :tates
Department- of Agriculture Hiiet.~i 28
and 857.) r


.. ., ... .. .. ...... ... .. "....





OPPICIAL4 GRAIN STANDARDS

11. Grain trier (rin probe), 60 inches long.
'Jhi aWboul be double-shelled and divided
1* 0omp*arm..e~nts. (SeFig. I'm)
12. A spout sampling device for samplig bulk
grpin being loaded into the holds of a vse
(See illAstaton on Page 76.)
131W apln .... asj 5 by 2 feet in dimn -
alotrsi on which to empty the grain from the trier.
14* Airt-tight containers (sample cans), capao-
tty. approximately 4,50. grams.
15. Cloth sample bags, water proofed, capacity
atloas 2 quarts..
1,Grain pans, with spout. for pouring into
other containers.
Inadition to the apparatus listed above, the
folow=ing equimn will be found convenient

1% Extra misture-testing equipment: Flask,
thermometers,: graduates,, rubber stoppers, teste-
tuecleiniers, ete.
-.2. flve-gallon oil can equipped with faucet.
& Eve-galloa oft can equipped with strainer
fuinpil to recover oiL
fjve-gallon refuse Can.
Smallfunnel to fit in moisture flaskis for
pourimg sampl into the flasks.
6 Tweeamr for. mechanica analysis-
Exallgrain ,scoop.
8.Brush, for claigup grain and grain dust.
04. ]Reavy table forhadigs plsanlis

"J -Purniture, including chairs, stationery sup-




~---^--^--^---,---
"" : :!:. 'J"

S. :. .

APPEALS AND DISPUTES NDER
THE UNITED STATES AGAIN
STANDARDS ACT

The United States grain standard Act pro
vides in part, as follows: .

APPEALS

"That whenever standards shall ba'e been
fixed and established under this -act .or any
grain and any quantity of such gin sold,
offered for sale, or consigned for sale,. which
has been shipped, or delivered for shipment in
interstate or foreign commerce shall aive been
inspected and a dispute arises as to ,'::whether
the grade as determined by such inspection of
.any such grain in fact conforms to the standard
of the specified grade, any interested paaty may, t
either with or without reinspection, 0appel the
question to the Secretary of Agricltre, and
the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to.
cause such investigation to be made anid such
tests to be applied as he may deem necessary
and to determine the true grade: Provided, That
any appeal from such inspection and .gading to
the Secretary of Agriculture shall be take~ before
the grain leaves the place Where the i:ipection
appealed from was made and before the identity
of the grain has been lost, under such htles and
regulations as the Secretary of Agricultue shall
prescribe."
96

*4L : *..
.. :





~WPIAY, ORAIN STANDAkDMU


*Tb& many grain sold, offered for
(W 10 IPned for sale by any of the grades
Mdthedy mtrIn the-official grain 'aundards may,
emp~ncewith the rules and regulations
t pst bedby Mhw Seretary of Agriculture, 1we
4-l in fnterxtate: or foreign commerce -with-
0" from a place at which there is no
I~aase unerthis Act to a plate at
e~ak hesein no such inspector, subject to the
-'I AL f herU patty to the trnation to refer
any dispate as to tho grade of the grain to the
B~r of Agriculture, who may, determine
I& *U grade theat."
FIENS AND CHARGES
Wbaeversas appeal shall be taken or a dis-
adeOe I o the Secretary of Agriculture
Oodwthis Act, ho shall charge and asaess and
4WAMto too aollected s resawnable fee, in amount
la sadby him. whieh fee, in ease of an appeal,
shllbe refunded if the appeal is sustained.
All ouch feew not so refunded shall be deposited
adcovfred into the Treasury as miscellaneous

sEcIRSTARYPS UMID GS'
Ir im anda d ,o the &Seceary of Agrdoulture
sa leds, ined by him: or by suah offeer or
^@Mt Agnts of the Depurtment of
AgMI~ean be may desigaer MIS& After the
la ntesthae hd ppotenit to be
aboa be aapted in the courts of the
Mathl A M prima facia evidnc 0f the true*
d(-th6 Xrain determined by him at the




.:h.. ::;::': .: .

98 OFFICIAL GRAIN STA)DAi0-

HOW TO FILE AN APPEAL OR DI flJT-
Appeals are taken and disputes are 56erred
to the Secretary of Agriculture by 9igiageihther
a complaint or stipulation in the proper ffice
of Federal Grain Supervision. A oo tpiiat or
stipulation may be filed in writing or; by tele-
graph. The proper form for the complaint or
stipulation and all other regulation.: of the
Secretary of Agriculture under' the .tJTilted
States grain standards Act are given. in the
United States Department of Agridilture,
office of the Secretary, Circular No. 70. .
AGREED SAMPLES IN APPEALS AND
DISPUTES
Samples of the grain involved n an "appeal"
or a "dispute" referred to an office of Federal
Grain Supervision for determination of the tre
grade of the grain may be agreed ipdfa in.
accordance with the regulations of the Secrtary
of Agriculture, or drawn by a person autherzsed
to do so by the Department of Agriculttue.
AGREED SAMPLES
In the case of agreed samples the regulation
of the Secretary of Agriculture' provide in
regulation 5, in part, as follows:
SEc. 3. Agreed sampte in appeaLin hase of
an appeal, a representative sample of thegran ..
involved may be agreed upon by the trp y or
parties and the licensed inspeeter from whose
determination the appeal is taken. *JI -:ech
case there shall be filed with such s. let: a
written agreement, signed by ,ach.party or his
agent and by the licensed inspector, In sub-r
stantially the following for:
I : : : : : ... d




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REPORT xmlns http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitss xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitssdaitssReport.xsd
INGEST IEID EYLTKU883_O3V85S INGEST_TIME 2013-09-14T04:54:42Z PACKAGE AA00013749_00001
AGREEMENT_INFO ACCOUNT UF PROJECT UFDC
FILES