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Golden Anniversary of a Low
This year marks the fiftieth an-
niversary of the Food and Drugs Act
and the Meat Inspection Act of 1906...
the beginning of Federal protective
legislation which, down the years,
has been of increasing benefit to
everybody in the United States.
assure 167 million Americans the mo:
some food and the purest and safest
Never before has the homemake
choice of so many good foods.
bottled, packaged, frozen. .with
conveniences" that save much t
work in the kitchen.
Complete meals in a package
plate... frozen soups, meat, poult
fruits and vegetables...bread, cere
milk enriched with vitamins...cake
ding and muffin mixes...soft drill
candies in delicious flavors and
colors...ice cream smoother tha
Added to these are foods high in
ment for babies...foods low in
for weight-watchers...and special
for people on special diets.
i-'_ 1" .. ..L- I!I ... _J -
Food Laws in the United States
Massachusetts led the way, in 17E
the first general food law in the
States. In 1850, a year after the Goli
California enacted a pure food and dri
By 1900 most of the states had similar
but the laws were not uniform. Foo
were purer" in one state might be bai
i .. L
comerstore and get baeco met
Lf was se
expetanc mor thn 0yerln
In196 osetc hd otbeom
an omlcte usns ta te n
Pepl ueda itlecod rem
power sipl tietwaters and piiiii
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But Now Legislation Was Needed
..The Food and Drugs Act of 1906
questionably the strongest in the v
its time. But time sped on, br inI
portant discoveries in medicine an
tion...remarkable advance s in the
tion of crop s and livestock...in th4
facturing, processing, and, distribute
foods and 'drugs.
CANCER ST. rw wf "At d
SPIMPLES, te head
HEART AL' Adults: I-Ztat~
Tc. Ch 'dra,
The Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.
Again, as in 1906, government,
and enlightened citizens urged the p;
protective legislation. They want,
stronger and more comprehensive
original "Pure Food and Drug
In 1938, Congress passed the
drugs and cosmetics with safety an,.
The label tells consumers what t
buying and exactly how much...the ni
address of the responsible manuf
packer, or distributor.
The label tells the truth in plai
and plain words. Olive oil, f or e
must not contain any other oil.
pepper must be pure black pepper;<
imitation, it must be so labeled.
messed foods', ingredients must be hi
the order of their predominance.
.Containers must fit the contents.
holding seven ounces of sardines,
other food, must be the appropriate
-seven ounces; not so large that it coi
twice that amount,. and possibly misl
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When all the evidence is in, the
for a specific food item is defined
basis of fair practice. For examp
problem of the contents of strawberry
For cosmetics, the label is not rt
to list the ingredients, but the law
that the cosmetic label must not be f
misleading. Even the containers (
medics must be made. of safe ma
Thermometers'. heating pads, sun lam
other ctheraetic devices used in him
are likewise carefully labeled.
"READ THE LABEL"
A 35-page illustrated booklet giv
information required by law to apt
on the labels of foods, drugs, me&;
devices, and cosmetics. For sale
Superintendent of Documents, Wg
ington 25, D. C. Price 15 cei
Keeping the Law Up to Date
Probably no law can keep abi
today's swift changes in foods am
Amnwrdments- to the 1938 Act
While its complete revision has ni
necessary, the 1938 Act has already
amended a number of times. These
ments include laws to:
Require government testing and cc
tion of the safety and efficacy- of pe
and other antibhleties before they are
Define the kinds of drugs which
be used safely except under medical
vision, and which may only be purch
the prescription of a licensed pract
Require under the Miller Amendme
chemicals be pre-tested to insu-r
limits for the amounts left on fresl
and vegetables as the result of f
spraying and. dusting for better pr
to the task of administering what h
called "the most significant pi
legislation in U.S. history".
Since 1938 the size of their job
creased tremendously. More than 96
tablishments are estimated to be
substantial interstate business is
drugs, and cosmetics.
Regulation at State and Local Levi
Much of the responsibility and woi
forcing pure food and drug laws fal
shoulders of state and local official
Federal law does not reach produu
sumed in the same states when
factured. State authorities in the fi<
among the first to get behind Dr.
crusade for federal measures.
Twenty-six states have adopted
drug and cosmetic laws patterned a
present Federal law. Other states
rently considering such legislation
fnrm;rt in ent-h lawre ;a aoarto
Among the Advisory Committee'
recommendations for strengthening th
and Drug Administration were increa,
propriations, increased personnel,
As a consumer, can you help ma
state food and drug enforcement se
more inviting career for promising yo-
and women? Are you familiar v
service's work and salary scales?
W, -1-T -
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