Opportunities for the hard of hearing and the deaf


Material Information

Opportunities for the hard of hearing and the deaf
Physical Description:
20 p. : ill. ; 22 cm.
United States -- Rehabilitation Services Administration
Rehabilitation Services Administration
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:
Rev. May 1969.


Subjects / Keywords:
Deaf -- Rehabilitation -- Directories -- United States   ( lcsh )
Rehabilitation -- United States   ( lcsh )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
directory   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )


Statement of Responsibility:
U.S. Dept. of Health, Education and Welfare, Social and Rehabilitation Service, Rehabilitation Services Administration.
General Note:
Cover title.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 027982561
oclc - 04257870
lcc - HV2452 .U5
System ID:

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The Barrier of Silence

The ability to communicate easily and rapidly
is so essential to all of our everyday activities that a
hearing impairment may overwhelm someone who
is not accustomed to this widespread disability.
Without correction, a hearing loss is a severe
handicap to employment and self-support. In pro-
found deafness, other ways of communication must
be developed.
There are several avenues for improvement. One
is vocational rehabilitation through the State-Fed-
eral programs which help restore disabled people
to productive and full lives.
This booklet describes the operation of the State
programs of vocational rehabilitation and how to
obtain counsel and services.
There is little need for the deaf or the hard of
hearing person to be burdened by the social and
economic effects of his handicap. Many persons
with hearing loss have been helped to employment
in recent years through this public program. A
friendly talk with a capable and trained counselor
of your State rehabilitation agency may open the
door to a better future.

Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
states: "No person in the United States
shall, on the ground of race, color, or na-
tional origin, be excluded from participa-
tion in, be denied the benefits of, or be
subjected to discrimination under any pro-
gram or activity receiving Federal financial
assistance." Therefore, any program or ac-
tivity supported by the Rehabilitation
Services Administration, like every pro-
gram or activity receiving financial assist-
ance from the Department of Health, Edu-
cation, and Welfare, must be operated in
compliance with this law.

Help From Your

State Agency

Through Vocational Rehabilitation

If you feel that your hearing loss is a handicap
in getting a job more suited to your abilities, your
State vocational rehabilitation agency may be able
to help you.
Services designed to reduce the effects of your
hearing loss on your employment are available. The
kinds of services you are offered will depend on
several things, including the type and extent of your
hearing difficulty.
Your State rehabilitation agency, and those in
other States, are in partnership with the Federal
Government through the Rehabilitation Services
Administration which is a part of the Social and
Rehabilitation Service in the Department of Health,
Education, and Welfare. Your State rehabilitation
agency provides the actual services for the disabled.
State rehabilitation counselors work with other
programs designed to help you. The programs are
intended to rehabilitate to employment people with
physical or mental disabilities. They are aimed at
reducing or correcting the handicapping effects of
disability; they provide guidance, training, and help
the disabled person find a job suited to his or her
ability and training.

Are You Eligible?

Several points are considered in determining your
eligibility for services:
Your hearing loss must substantially interfere
with your ability to pursue a gainful occupation, or
prevent you from getting work that is more suited
to your abilities.
An applicant must have a reasonably good chance
of being able to engage in an occupation after serv-
ices are provided.

How To Apply

By phone, letter, or personal visit, an appoint-
ment can be made with a rehabilitation counselor
at the nearest local office of your State vocational
rehabilitation agency, or at some other convenient
location. After consultation, the Counselor will
determine with the applicant and, if indicated, his
parents or other interested persons, what services
may be needed in a particular case.
If you do not find a vocational rehabilitation
agency in your State listings in the telephone book,
a phone call or letter to the State agency head-
quarters will result in a contact from your nearest
local office. The address and telephone number of
the central office in your State is listed in the back
of this booklet.

What Can Be Done

Once you have been in touch with your State
agency and have explained your situation to a
rehabilitation counselor, he will arrange for you to
have a medical examination. Arrangements will
also be made for you to be examined by an ear

These medical examinations are necessary to
determine the general state of your hearing and
your health, and to determine if you have any other
disability that requires attention.

There is no charge for these examinations.

On the basis of medical findings and of your
discussions with your counselor, the State agency
will determine whether you are eligible for services.

If you are accepted for services, you and your
counselor-who will be your guide all through your
Rehabilitation Program-will meet soon after-
wards to work out an individual program for you.
He will want to know what work experience you
have had, your work preferences, and anything
about you that will help him offer worthwhile
counsel about the kind of work for which you
should prepare.

Your counselor will make every effort possible
to see that you are properly prepared in the oc-
cupational field that you and he believe will pro-
vide the greatest opportunities for your future. Your
agency assumes the obligation of giving full con-
sideration to your preferences and abilities for em-
ployment. The rehabilitation program will gen-
erally follow this outline, according to your needs:

m Individual counseling and guidance.

m Any medical, surgical, hospital or other services
that will lessen your hearing difficulty, or correct
any other handicapping conditions that may be
found through your medical examination.

* Any aid that is required to help your communi-
cation with others, such as a hearing device, train-
ing in speech reading, speech correction, finger
spelling, sign language, written language or re-
lated subjects.

* Occupational training. The training may be in
public or private schools, colleges or universities,
on-the-job, in rehabilitation facilities, or by tutor.

* Provision of living expenses and transportation
during the training period, if these are necessary.

* Placement in a suitable job; provision of neces-
sary tools; equipment, licenses and stock for a small
business, if it is agreed that this would be the best

* Follow-up, to make sure that both you and your
employer are satisfied.

The Cost To You

In all cases, the first medical and hearing ex-
aminations are free of cost to the applicant. After
acceptance, individual counseling and guidance
services are free, as well as job placement and fol-
low-up to see that the placement is successful.
The rehabilitation program js not charity, in any
sense of the word. Rather, it expresses the belief of
all of our people that any person who is handi-
capped by disability has a right to public services
that will provide a more equal opportunity for
You may be asked to share in the cost of certain
other services if you are able to do so. That is, if
you require a hearing aid, or additional medical
or hospital services, you may be asked to pay part
of the cost.

Jobs Vary Widely

The various kinds of work which the deaf are
entering show the widening scope of employment
opportunities. Compared with past years, for ex-
ample, more persons go into professional and semi-
professional fields and clerical and sales jobs-fewer

into agricultural or forestry work. More people go
into skilled and semi-skilled labor-fewer into un-
skilled labor, homemaking and other unpaid family
Similar facts for the hard of hearing give strong
proof of the value of rehabilitation services. Of the
hard of hearing persons prepared for and placed in
employment in one year, 58 percent were unem-
ployed when their services were started. Eleven per-
cent had never worked. Nine percent were family or
farm workers.
The 33 percent who were employed at the time
their services were started were receiving wages at
an annual rate of $2,032,500. After their rehabili-
tation, 86 percent of the total group were receiving
earnings at an estimated rate of $6,317,100 annu-
ally, or more than three times the previous grand
total. The remaining 14 percent were farmers or
family workers.
The many occupations open to the hard of hear-
ing clearly show the opportunities for successful
employment. In a recent survey of a group of
1,641 hard of hearing persons who were rehabili-
tated, 43 obtained managerial or office positions,
63 became teachers, 140 became salesmen, 10
became draftsmen, 6 became accountants, 433
went into clerical work, 320 into various skilled

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trades, 49 into printing trades, 84 into mechanical
trades, 155 worked on farms, and 338 were home-
These are only a few of the occupations which
the deaf and the hard of hearing have entered
successfully. If you have a hearing difficulty which
interferes with your employment and the realiza-
tion of other hopes, it could be to your advantage
to discuss the problem with your State rehabili-
tation agency.

Other Benefits

The value of rehabilitation services to the indi-
vidual is a highly personal matter. Aside from the
opportunity for increased income, there are the
pleasures of doing something useful, making new
friends, and leading a full life.
There are however, impressive results of reha-
bilitation that can be measured in dollars and in
the added strength that they give to the labor
Deaf persons comprise about three percent, and
the hard of hearing and speech impaired 4.2 percent,
of the total number of disabled people who are
rehabilitated into employment. Of the deaf persons
rehabilitated in a typical year, 60 percent were
unemployed at the time their services began. An
additional 35 percent had annual earnings below
In the first year after their rehabilitation, 90
percent of the rehabilitated deaf people were earn-
ing a combined total of almost $4 million. This
was three and one-half times the total annual
earnings of those employed when their services
started. About 10 percent either were unpaid family
workers or farmers whose earnings were not


The States may now provide vocational rehabili-
tation service during an evaluation period up to 18
months, for the deaf person who is so severely handi-

capped as to require this length of time in order to
determine whether he can enter or continue gainful

Interpreting Service

If the counselor determines the need, the deaf
client may obtain interpreting service through his
State rehabilitation office. This service will help him
during the rehabilitation process in such matters as
medical examinations, diagnostic tests, training,
counseling and guidance, and job placement.

Many Helping Hands

A number of nationwide industrial, retail and
service organizations cooperate with State and
local vocational rehabilitation offices in serving
handicapped persons. The Presidents's Committee

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on Employment of the Handicapped makes con-
tinuous efforts to keep the Nation's employers aware
of the abilities of the handicapped.
The U.S. Civil Service Commission has a special
section devoted to increasing job opportunities for
handicapped persons in the Federal government.
Among the other organizations that can help
you are the National Association of the Deaf, the
National Association of Hearing and Speech
Agencies, the National Fraternal Society of the
Deaf, American Speech and Hearing Association,
the Alexander Graham Bell Association for the
Deaf, the Conference of Executives of American
Schools for the Deaf, the Council of Organizations
Serving the Deaf, and the Convention of American
Instructors of the Deaf. All of them cooperate
with the public vocational rehabilitation program,
and encourage persons with speech and hearing
problems to apply for the services they need.


Vocational Rehabilitation, Dept. of Education
2129 East South Boulevard, Montgomery 36111
Telephone (205) 265-2341, Ext. 411

Office of Vocational Rehabilitation
Pouch F. Alaska Office Building
Juneau 99801, Telephone (907) 586-3270

Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
55 East Thomas Road, Suite 101
Phoenix 85012, Telephone (602) 271-4168

Division of Rehabilitation for the Visually Impaired
Department of Public Welfare
State Office Building
112 North Central Avenue, Phoenix 85004
Telephone (602) 271-4354

Arkansas Rehabilitation Service
211 Broadway, Room 227
Little Rock 72201
Telephone (501) FR 5-0135

Rehabilitation Services for the Blind
900 West 4th Street, Little Rock 72201
Telephone (501) FR 5-5512

Department of Rehabilitation
714 P Street, Sacramento 95814
Telephone (916) 445-4074

Department of Rehabilitation
705 State Services Building, Denver 80203
Telephone (303) 222-9911, Ext. 2255

Connecticut Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
600 Asylum Avenue, Hartford 06615
Telephone (203) 527-6341

Board of Education and Services for the Blind
170 Ridge Road, Wethersfield 06109
Telephone (203) 249-8525

Rehabilitation Division
1500 Shallcross Avenue, P.O. Box 1190
Wilmington 19899
Telephone (303) OL 6-4404

Delaware Commission for the Blind
305 West 8th Street, Wilmington 19801
Telephone (302) OL 5-4444

Department of Vocational Rehabilitation
1331 H Street NW., Washington 20005
Telephone (202) 629-4965

Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
Room 254, 725 South Bronough Street
Tallahassee 32304
Telephone (904) 224-1292

Florida Council for the Blind
Larson Bldg., Rm. 618, 200 E. Gaines Street
Tallahassee 32301 Telephone (904) 222-4398

Office of Rehabilitation Services
270 State Office Building, Atlanta 30334
Telephone (404) 688-2390

Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
Department of Education, Government of Guam
P.O. Box 3009, Agana 96910
Telephone 42-4271 and 42-5112

Department of Social Services
P.O. Box 339, Honolulu 96800
Telephone (808) 507711

Vocational Rehabilitation Service
210 Eastman Building, Boise 83702
Telephone (208) 344-5811, Ext. 456

Idaho Commission for the Blind
State House
Boise 83707
Telephone (208) 344-5811, Ext. 580

Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
623 East Adams Street, Springfield 62706
Telephone (217) 525-2093

Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
1028 Illinois Building, 12 West Market Street
Indianapolis 46204
Telephone (317) 633-6942

Indiana Agency for the Blind
536 West 30th Street, Indianapolis 46223
Telephone (317) 923-3363

Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
801 Bankers Trust Building, Des Moines 50309
Telephone (515) 244-7204

Commission for the Blind
4th and Keosauqua, Des Moines 50309
Telephone (515) 283-0153

Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
Department of Social Welfare
Room 1116, State Office Building
Topeka 66612, Telephone (913) CE 5-0011
Ext. 544
Services for the Blind, State Dept. of Social
State Office Building, Topeka 66612
Telephone (913) CE 5-0011, Ext. 703
Bureau of Rehabilitation Services
State Office Building, High Street
Frankfort 40601, Telephone (502) 564-4440
Vocational Rehabilitation
Department of Education
2655 Plank Road, Baton Rouge 70805
Telephone (504) 356-1492, Ext. 40

Division for the Blind
Department of Public Welfare
P.O. Box 44065, Baton Rouge 70804
Telephone (504) 342-4781
Vocational Rehabilitation Division
32 Winthrop Street, Augusta 04330
Telephone (207) 623-4511, Ext. 715

Department of Health and Welfare
Division of Eye Care and Special Services
State House, Augusta 04430
Telephone (207) 623-4511, Ext. 548
Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
2100 Guilford Avenue, Baltimore 21218
Telephone (301) 837-9000, Ext. 8940
Massachusetts Rehabilitation Commission
296 Boylston Street, Boston 02116
Telephone (617) CO 7-1500
Commission for the Blind
39 Boylston Street, Boston 02116
Telephone (617) 727-5580
Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
Department of Education, 4th Floor
Davenport Building, P.O. Box 1016
Lansing 48904, Telephone (517) 373-3390
Department of Social Services, Division of
Services for the Blind
520 Hollister Building, Lansing 48933
Telephone (517) 373-2062

Division of Vocational Rehabilitation,
State Department of Education
1745 University Avenue, St. Paul 55104
Telephone (612) 221-2891
State Services for the Blind
Department of Public Welfare
Centennial Office Building, St. Paul 55101
Telephone (612) 221-2687
Vocational Rehabilitation Division
316 Woolfolk State Office Building, P.O. Box 1698
Jackson 39205
Telephone (601) 355-9361, Ext. 561
Vocational Rehabilitation for the Blind
528 North State Street
P.O. Box 4321 Fondren Station, Jackson 39216
Telephone (601) FL 5-9361, Ext. 600
Vocational Rehabilitation
1448 West Dunklin, Jefferson City 65101
Telephone (314) 635-7231

Division of Welfare
Bureau for the Blind
State Office Building, Jefferson City 65101
Telephone (314) 636-2161

Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
506 Power Block, Helena 59601
Telephone (406) 442-3260, Ext. 257

Division of Blind Services, State Department of
Public Welfare
P.O. Box 1723, Helena 59601
Telephone (406) 442-3260, Ext. 481

Division of Rehabilitation Services
707 Lincoln Building, 1001 0 Street
Lincoln 68508
Telephone (322) 477-5211, Ext. 321

Services for the Visually Impaired
State Capitol Building, Lincoln 68509
Telephone (402) 477-5211, Ext. 508

Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
515 East Musser Street, Carson City 89701
Telephone (702) 882-7363

Department of Health, Welfare, and Rehabilitation
Services to the Blind
311 North Curry, Room 113
Carson City 89701, Telephone (702) 882-7415

Vocational Rehabilitation Division
64 North Main Street, Concord 03301
Telephone (603) 225-6611

Department of Health and Welfare
Division of Welfare, Services to the Blind,
State House Annex, Concord 03301
Telephone (603) 225-6611, Ext. 212 or 213

New Jersey Rehabilitation Commission,
Labor and Industry Bldg.
12th Floor, John Fitch Plaza, Trenton 08625
Telephone (609) 292-2351

Commission for the Blind
1100 Raymond Boulevard, Newark 07102
Telephone (201) 648-3333 Ext. 2324

Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
Old Capitol Annex, Rm. 116, Santa Fe 87501
Telephone (505) 827-2522

Department of Public Welfare
Division of Services for the Blind
408 Galisteo, Santa Fe 87501
Telephone (505) 827-2301

State Education Department
Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
162 Washington Avenue, Albany 12210
Telephone (518) GR 4-2712

New York State Department of Social Services
Commission for the Blind and
Visually Handicapped
1450 Western Ave., Albany 12203
Telephone (212) 488-5862

Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
3051/2 W. Martin Street
Mail: Department of Public Instruction
Raleigh 27602, Telephone (919) 829-3364

State Commission for the Blind
410 N. Boylan Ave.
P.O. Box 2658, Raleigh 27602
Telephone (919) 829-4231

North Dakota Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
418 East Rosser Avenue, Bismarck 58501
Telephone (701) 223-7465
Bureau of Vocational Rehabilitation
240 South Parsons Avenue, Room 125
Columbus 43215, Telephone (614) 469-2540

Department of Public Welfare, Bureau of Services
for the Blind
85 South Washington Avenue, Columbus 43215
Telephone (614) 469-4272
Vocational Rehabilitation Division
307 Will Rogers Memorial Office Bldg.
State Capitol Complex
Oklahoma City 73105
Telephone (405) JA-1-3374

State Department of Vocational Rehabilitation
680 Cottage Street NE., Salem 97310
Telephone (503) 364-2171, Ext. 1638

State Commission for the Blind
535 S.E. 12th Avenue, Portland 97214
Telephone (503) 226-2161

Bureau of Vocational Rehabilitation
Labor and Industry Building
7th and Forster Streets, Harrisburg 17120
Telephone (717) 787-5244

Office for the Blind, Department of Public Welfare
Room 102, Health and Welfare Building
Harrisburg 17120
Telephone (717) 787-6176

Vocational Rehabilitation Division
Vick Center
867 Munoz Rivera Avenue
3rd and 4th Floors
Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico 00927
Telephone (809) 765-2660

Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
40 Fountain Street, Providence 02903
Telephone (401) 421-7005

Rhode Island Division of Services for the Blind
46 Aborn Street, Providence 02903
Telephone (401) 861-7950

Vocational Rehabilitation Department
400 Wade Hampton State Office Building
Columbia 29201
Telephone (803) 758-2338

Commission for the Blind
1400 Main Street, Columbia 29201
Telephone (803) 758-2802

Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
804 North Euclid, Pierre 57501
Telephone (605) 224-5911, Ext. 346

South Dakota Service to the Blind and
Visually Handicapped
222 East Capitol Avenue, Pierre 57501
Telephone (605) 224-5911, Ext. 318

Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
Suite 1400-1808 West End Building
Nashville 37203, Telephone (615) 741-2521

Department of Public Welfare
Blind Services Section
303 State Office Building, Nashville 37219
Telephone (615) 741-3163

Vocational Rehabilitation Division
Texas Education Agency
Capitol Station, Austin, Texas 78711
Telephone (512) GR 5-2015

State Commission for the Blind
318 Sam Houston State Office Building
Austin 78701, Telephone (512) GR 5-3811

Office of Rehabilitation Services
1200 University Club Building
136 East South Temple
Salt Lake City 84111
Telephone (801) 328-5991

Vocational Rehabilitation Division
79 Main St., Montpelier 05602
Telephone (802) 223-3211, Ext. 424

Department of Social Welfare
Division of Services for the Blind and
Visually Handicapped
128 State Street, Montpelier 05602
Telephone (802) 223-2311, Ext. 581

State Department of Vocational Rehabilitation
4615 West Broad Street, P.O. Box 11045
Richmond 23230
Telephone (703) 770-2091

Virginia Commission for the Visually Handicapped
3003 Parkwood Avenue
Richmond 23221, Telephcne (703) 770-2181

Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
c/o Department of Education, P.O. Box 630
St. Thomas 00801, Telephone (809) 774-2835

Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
P.O. Box 528, Olympia 98501
Telephone (206) 753-5473

Services for the Blind
State Department of Public Assistance
3411 South Alaska Street, Seattle 98118
Telephone (206) PA 2-6695

Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
West Wing, State Capitol Building
Charleston 25305
Telephone (304) 348-2375

Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
Dept. of Health and Social Services
1 West Wilson Street
Room 830, Madison 53702
Telephone (608) 266-3017

State Department of Health and Social Services
Division of Public Assistance
5316 West State Street, Madison 53208
Telephone (608) 771-5311

Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
123 Capitol Building, Cheyenne 82001
Telephone (307) 777-7389, Ext. 388


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Washington, D.C. 20201

Revised May 1969
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