A graduate clarinet recital

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
A graduate clarinet recital
Physical Description:
Project in lieu of thesis
Creator:
Lucas, Brendon S.
Publisher:
College of Fine Arts, University of Florida
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla
Publication Date:

Notes

Abstract:
At 7:30pm on the 6th of November, 2012, a recital was presented featuring works that span a wide range of style periods within the clarinet repertoire. Presented in the room 101 recital hall of the University of Florida Music Building, the recital opened with a collaborative performance of Franz Schubert’s famous lied for soprano, clarinet, and piano, Der Hirt auf dem Felsen. Known in English as “The Shepherd on the Rock”, this work was composed in 1828 near the end of the composer’s life, and presents poetic melodies representing the calls of a lonely shepherd from a mountaintop as they echo off the hills and valleys rising from below. This work was followed by Claude Debussy’s Première Rhapsodie, which was completed in 1910, and dedicated to Prosper Mimart, clarinet professor at the conservatory of Paris. With the composer having been recently appointed to the conservatory’s board of directors, this work was selected in that year as the primary material for the school’s clarinet performance examinations. Though originally written for clarinet and piano, as performed on this program, Debussy later published an orchestration of the accompaniment. The second half of the performance was opened with Aaron Copland’s Concerto for Clarinet, Strings and Harp. This concerto, completed between 1947 and 1949, displays a stark contrast both in style and structure to the Debussy, as its two attacca movements are filled with a unique blend of melodies and rhythms infused with elements of both jazz and classical styles. This work represents the second most recent addition to the clarinet repertoire presented on this recital, and is perhaps the most recognized concerto for the instrument written in the 20th century. The finale of the recital took the form of Astor Piazzolla’s Argentinian dance oriented work, Histoire du Tango. Preformed in transcription by a quartet of clarinets, this closing selection demonstrates the diversity of compositional styles for the instrument in comparison with the other works on the program, and is the newest of the four, having been composed in its original form for flute and guitar in the 1980s. Spanning nearly two hundred years, the repertoire selections on this recital presented a diverse buffet of tastes to the auditory pallet of the listener. The performance encompassed approximately sixty minutes worth of music from several different parts of the globe, with each piece being performed in chronological order of composition.
General Note:
Music Performance terminal project

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID:
AA00013418:00001


This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text

PAGE 1

!"#$!%&!'(")*!$+,('"$()+'!* -. -$(,%/,"01"*&)!0 0&2($3+0/$4")/55+''((6 5+')7(**"(0'$+,8")7!+$ *(0*+("/%/58")/ 9 )7!+$ $!45/,%")7/-!:8"5(5-($ !" 2($;/$5!,)( +,"*+(&"/;"'7(0+0"2$(0(,'(%"'/"'7(")/**(#("/;";+,("!$'0 /;"'7("&,+3($0+'4"/;";*/$+%!"+, 2!$'+!*";&*;+**5(,' /;"'7("$(<&+$(5(,'0";/$"'7("%(#$(("/; 5!0'($"/;" 5&0+) &,+3($0+'4"/;";*/$+%! =>?=

PAGE 2

0@AABC."DE" 2FCEDCABGHF IG"*IF@"DE"'JFKIK 2CFKFGLFM"LD"LJF")DNNFOF"DE";IGF"!CLK"DE"LJF"&GIPFCKIL."DE";NDCIMB IG"2BCLIBN";@NEINNAFGL"DE"LJF"$FQ@ICFAFGLK"E DC"LJF %FOCFF"DE" 5BKLFC"DE"5@KIH !"#$!%&!'(")*!$+,('"$()+'!* -. -CFGMDG"01"*@HBK %FHFARFC"=>?= )JBIC6" 5ILHJFNN"(KLCIG 5BSDC6""5@KIH !L"T6U>VA"DG"LJF"W LJ DE",DPFARFC8"=>?=8"B"CFHILBN"XBK"VCFKFGLFM"EFBL@CIGO"XDCYK"LJBL"KVBG" B"XIMF"CBGOF"DE" KL.NF"VFCIDMK"XILJIG"LJF"HNBCIGFL"CFVFCLDICF1"2CFKFGLFM"IG"LJF"CDDA"?>?"CFHILBN"JBNN" DE"LJF"&GIPFCKIL."DE";NDCIMB"5@KIH"-@INMIGO8"LJF"CFHILBN"DVFGFM"XILJ"B"HDNNBRDCBLIPF"VFCEDCABGHF"DE" ;CBGZ"0HJ@RFCL[K"EBAD@K"NIFM"EDC"KDVCBGD8"HNBCIGFL8"BGM"VIBGD8" !"#$%&#' $ ()*$+",$-"./"0 1 \GDXG"IG" (GONIKJ" BK"]'JF"0JFVJFCM"DG"LJF"$DHY^8"LJIK"XDCY"XBK"HDAVDKFM"IG"?_=_"GFBC"LJF"FGM"DE"LJF" HDAVDKFC[K"NIEF 8 BGM"VCFKFGLK"VDFLIH"AFNDMIFK"CFVCFKFGLIGO"LJF"HBNNK"DE"B"NDGFN."KJFVJFCM"ECDA"B" AD@GLBIGLDV"BK"LJF."FHJD"DEE"LJF"JINNK"BGM"PBNNF.K"CIKIGO"ECDA"RFNDX1" 'JIK"XDCY"XBK EDNNDXFM"R." )NB@MF" %FR@KK.[K 1#",&2#"$34(5/6+&" 8"XJIHJ"XBK"HDAVNFLFM"IG"?`?>8"BGM"MFMIHBLFM LD"2CDKVFC" 5IABCL8"HNBCIGFL"VC DEFKKDC"BL"LJF"HDGKFCPBLDC."DE"2 BCIK1"aILJ"L JF"HDAVDKFC"JBPIGO"RFFG"CFHFGLN." BVVDIGLFM"LD"LJF" HDGKFCPBLDC.[K RDBCM"DE"MICFHLDCK8"LJIK"XDCY"XBK"KFNFHLFM IG"LJBL".FBC BK"LJF" VCIABC."ABLFCIBN"EDC"LJF"KHJDDN[K"HNBCIGFL"VFCEDCABGH F"FbBAIGBLIDGK1" 'JD@OJ"DCIOIGBNN."XCILLFG"EDC" HNBCIGFL"BGM"VIBGD8"BK"VFCEDCAFM"DG"LJIK"VCDOCBA8"%FR@KK."NBLFC"V@RNIKJFM"BG"DCHJFKLCBLIDG"DE"LJF" BHHDAVBGIAFGL1 'JF"KFHDGM"JBNE DE"LJF"VFCEDCABGHF XBK"DVFGFM"XILJ"!BCDG")DVNBGM[K" 7608"#'6$*6#$7.(#&0"'9$ :'#&0;/ $ (0+$%(#5<$ 'JIK" HDGHFCLD8 HDAVNFLFM"RFLXFFG"?`cT"BGM"?`c` 8 MIKVNB.K"B"KLBCY"HDGLCBKL" RDLJ" IG" KL.NF"BGM"KLC@HL@CF"LD"LJF"%FR@KK. 8"BK"ILK"LXD $ (''(88( ADPFAFGLK"BCF"EINNFM"XILJ"B"@GIQ@F"RNFGM"DE"

PAGE 3

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`_>K1 0VBGGIG O GFBCN." LXD"J@GMCFM".FBCK 8 LJF"CFVFCLDICF"KFNFHLIDGK"DG"LJIK"CFHILBN"VCFKFGL FM B" MIPFCKF"R@EEFL"DE"LBKLFK"LD"LJF"B@MILDC."VBNNF L"DE"LJF"NIKLFGFC1" 'JF"VFCEDCABGHF"FGHDAVBKKFM" BVVCDbIABLFN."KIbL."AIG@LFK"XDCLJ"DE" A@KIH ECDA"KFPFCBN"MIEEFCFGL"VBCLK"DE"LJF"ONDRF8 XILJ"FBHJ" VIFHF"RFIGO"VFCEDCAFM" IG"HJCDGDNDOIHBN"DCMFC"DE" HDAVDKILIDG1""

PAGE 4

PROGRAM A Graduate Clarinet Recital Brendon Lucas, clarinet November 6 th 2012 7:30pm MUB 101 Assisted by: Michelle Fegeas, soprano Katherine Plympton, piano Brian Hargrove, piano Melody Rueger, c larinet John Divine, basset h orn Jeremiah Adriano, bass c larinet Der Hirt auf dem Felsen, D. 956 Franz Schubert (1797 1828) Michelle Fegeas, soprano Katherine Plympton, piano Premire Rhapsodie Claude Debussy ( 1862 1918 ) Intermission Concerto for Clarinet, Strings and Harp Aaron Copland (1900 1990) Slowly and Expressively Rather Fast Brian Hargrove, piano Histoire du Tango Astor Piazzolla ( 1921 1992 ) I. Bordel IV. Concert d'aujourd'hui Brendon Lucas, piccolo clarinet, Melody Rueger, clarinet John Divine, basset horn, Jeremiah Adriano, bass clarinet Mr. Lucas is from the studios of Professors Jackie Glazier and Mitchell Estrin This recital is presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Music

PAGE 5

PROGRAM NOTES Der Hirt auf d em Felsen, D. 965 The Shepherd on the Rock, D. 965 (text after Wilhelm Muller's poem (Translation: Lionel Salter) "The Mountain Shepherd") Wenn au f dem hšchsten Fels ich steh, When on the highest cliff I stand, ins tiefe Thal herneider seh gaze down into the deep valley und singe, und singe, and sing, fern aus dem tiefen, dunkeln Thal and echo from the ravines schwingt sich empor der Wiederha ll, floats upwards from the dark valley der Wiederhall der KlŸfte. far away. Je weiter meine Stimme dringt, The further my voice travels, Je heller sie mir wiederklingt, the clearer it returns to me von unten, von unten. from below. Mein Liebc hen wohnt so weit von mir, So far from me does my love dwell drum sehn ich mich so hei! nach ih that I yearn for her more ardently hinŸber, hinŸber. over there. In teifem Gram verher' ich mich, With deep grief I am consumed, mir ist die Freude h in, my joy is at an end; auf Erden mir die Hoffnung wich, all hope on earth has left me; ich heir so einsam bin, I am so lonely here, ich heir so einsam bin. I am so lonely here. So s ehnend klang im Wald das Lied, So longingly sounded the son g in the wood, so seh nend klang es durch die Nacht, so longingly it sounded through the night, die Herzen es zum Himmel zieht drawing hearts heavenwards mit wunderbarer Macht. with wondrous power. Der FrŸhling will kommen, Spring is coming, der FrŸhling meine Freud, Spring, my joy; nun mach ich mich fertif zum Wandern bereit. Now I will make ready to go journeying. Composed during the final months of Franz Schubert's life, Der Hirt auf dem Felsen is foremost in the selection of literature for clarinet and soprano and is believed to be the last work the composer ever put to paper Known in English as The Shepherd on the Rock t his 19 th C entury lied was requested of Shubert by Pauline Ann Milder H auptmann, an operatic soprano who frequently performed with the Berlin Court Opera Though the work was completed in 1828, it was not premiered or published until early in 1830, more than a year after the composer's death. The mult i sectional lied provides beautiful melodies for both the clarinet and soprano, and represents a wide variety of emotions accessible by a diverse audience which was the request of Milder Hauptmann.

PAGE 6

The Shepherd on the Rock is more like an operatic aria in comparison with Schubert's other lieder, as the vocal and clarinet lines weave closely together, creating a homogenous yet playful sound. Broken down into three sections, the song opens with solo clarinet, setting the stage as the lonely shepherd high on the mountaintop yearning for his lost love The soprano enters enforcing this theme, while the clarinet begins to echo her melody lines, embodying the sounds rising from far below the mountains. The middle section turns darker, bringing to the listener a tale of grief and sadness accented by a few telltale minor mode phrases. Moving into the final section, the clarinet and soprano interweave the melody lines quite playfully as the shepherd begins to sing of the coming of spring, and ultimately seeks a sign of hope and rebirth with the new season. The final lines of this concertante aria are delivered by the clarinet, in the form of a robust and fast moving melody delivering an exciting push towards the concluding cadence. In 1904, a vacanc y at the Paris Conservatory of M usic resulted in clarinet pedagogue Prospere Mimart being selected as the n ew instructor of clarinet at this prestigious school for musicians. Several years later in 1909, Claude Debussy was asked to join the governing council of the same conservatory. After having sat on the jury for the c onservatory's annual woodwind concours or exit examinations, Debussy wa s asked by Mimart to compose a test piece for the examinations the following spring. This request was filled with Premire Rhapsodie a virtuosic work written in its original form for solo clarinet and piano. In July of 1910, eleven clarinet students performed the work for Debussy as part of their exit examinations, much to the composers pleasure, and in fact he described it as "one of the most charming [pieces] I have ever written." The aim of a solo de concours' was to provide a challenge to the clarinet player by way of both lyricism and virtuosity. As a result, most solos written for the Paris Conservatory followed a slow fast blue print. Premire Rhapsodie follows this blueprint, opening with a slow, pensive melody marked "dreamily slow." This openin g thematic material, which is presented several times

PAGE 7

throughout the work, is followed by a "moderately animated section" filled with moving rhythmic structures and flourishes across the range of the instrument. After a few brief cadenzas and many shifts of tempo, the work is concluded with a fast movi ng and playful "scherzando." Debussy enjoyed the work so much that he eventually orchestrated the piece, forming one of his very few concerto like pieces for soloist and orchestra. Best known for his widely performed ballet scores Appalachian Spring and Billy the Kid composer Aaron Copland is one of the quintessential c reators of the American voice of orchestral music. His works cover many genres including film scores, ballets, chamber pieces, works for band, and of course, his prolifically performed orchestral compositions. One of his more famous works for a solo instrument is his Concerto for Clarinet and String Orchestra with Harp Indeed this work has become so popular within the clarinet repertoire that world renowned virtuoso Stan l e y Drucker has given more than a hundred performances of the concerto throughout his career. The origin of the piece stems back to 20 th Century J a zz clarinetist, B enny Goodman. After hearing Copland's third symphony in 1947, Goodman commissioned him to write a concerto for the clarinet. His requests were quite vague: I made no demands on what Copland should write. He had completely free rein, except that I should have a two year exclusivity on playing the work. I paid two thousand dollars and that's real money. At the time there were not too many American composers to pick from... Goodman, who is also responsible for the commission of B Žla Bart—k's Contrasts for c larinet, violin, and piano, had a diverse repertoire of performance style, ranging from big band and bebop, to more classically oriented works such as those of Mozart for the clarinet. The concerto was completed in 1948 to Copland's satisfaction. Goodman however, had qualms about the difficulty of certain segments of the work, and rep etitively postponed the premier until Copland made adjustments. The piece was debuted in New York City on an NBC radio

PAGE 8

broadcast with the NBC Symphony Orchestra conducted by Fritz Reiner, on November 6 th 1950. The first public performance was given on November 28 th by Ralph McLane and the Philadelphia Orchestra under Eugene Ormandy. Instantly popular, Cop land received a request from Serge Koussevitsky to arrange the concerto's first movement as an elegy for s trings for the Boston Symphony, and within a year, choreographer Jerome Robbins constructed a ballet entitled The Pied Piper to the music of the conce rto. The compositional period of Copland's life from which the clarinet concerto originates is characterized by a synthesis of both popular and serious styles of music Including elements from both J az z and C lassical traditions, the concerto presents a uni que balance of characters for the listener, and t here are numerous unconventional elements within the pieces structure and orchestration. In the words of the composer, The instrumentation being clarinet with strings, harp, and piano, I did not have a large battery of percussion to achieve jazzy effects, so I used slapping basses and whacking harp sounds to simulate them. The Clarinet Concerto ends with a fairly elaborate coda in C major that finishes off with a clarinet glissando or "smear" in jazz lingo. Though it is pe rformed as a continuous work, the concerto is actually composed in two movements connected by a rather lengthy solo cadenza. The first, marked "slowly and expressively" explores a beautifully lyrical set of melodies separate d by large inter vals and flowing dynamics in ebb and flow. The cadenza, one of the most unique challenges in the clarinet repertoire, displays the full gambit of articulation s and range. The second and final movement is entered attacca and presents the aforementioned uni que blend of Jazz and C lassic styles. Histoire du Tango is one of Astor Piazzolla's more ambitious multi movement works, and is intended to depict the history of tango style music in four movements styled at thirty year intervals. The piece was originally composed for flute and guitar in the 1980s, and has since seen a fair share

PAGE 9

of transcriptions and arrangements for various instrumental duos. The performance on this program has transcribed the original solo line into shared melodies betwee n four instruments of the cl arinet family forming a quartet: the piccolo (Eb) clarinet, the soprano (Bb) clarinet, the basset horn, and the bass clarinet Led by the piccolo clarinet, each instrument shares the melody in turn, while serving to fill out the accompaniment lines as necessary. The first and last movements depict respectively Piazzolla's impressions of both the origins of tango music, and where it will move to in the "performance of tomorrow." The work is characterized by heavy rhythmic syncopat ion, fast dynamic alterations and light, playful melodies indicative of Piazzolla's trade as a bandoneonist, and his experience with the tango orchestra.

PAGE 10

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH -CFGMDG"*@HBK"IK" B"LFBHJIGO"B KKIKLBGL"BL"LJF"&GIPFCKIL."DE";NDCIMB8"BGM" LJF"BMS@GHL"IGKLC@HLDC" DE"HNBCIGFL"BGM"KBbDVJDGF"BL"LJF")DNNFOF"DE")FGLCBN";NDCIMB1"7BINIGO"ECDA",FX"4DCY8"5C1"*@HBK"IK" HDGH@CCFGLN. B"A@KIH"FM@HBLDC"BGM"A@NLIVNF"XDDMXIGM"MD@RNFC"IG"LJF"GDCLJFBKL"LCI 9 KLBLF"CFOIDG 1"7F" JDNMK"B"RBHJFNDCK"MFOCFF"IG"HNBCIGFL"VFCEDCABGHF"BGM"A@KIH"FM@HBLIDG"ECDA"+LJBHB")DNNFOF8"BGM"IK" VCFKFGLN."B"5BKLFCdK"HBGMIMBLF"BL"LJF"&GIPFCKIL."DE";NDCIMB1"7IK"LFBHJFCK"IGHN@MF"5ILHJFNN"(KLCIG8" eBHN.G"#NBZIFC8"5IHJBFN"#BNPBG8"%FGGIK"eDKFVJ8"BGM")JBC NFK"4BKKY.1" !K"B"VFCEDCAFC"DE"LJF"HNBCIGFL8"KBbDVJDGF8"BGM"EN@LF8"5C1"*@HBK"JBK"JFNM"VFCABGFGL"BGM" K@RKLIL@LF"VDKILIDGK"XILJ"LJF"$IMOFXDDM")DGHFCL"-BGM8"0D@LJ"/CBGOFLDXG")DGHFCL"-BGM8"/HBNB" 0.AVJDG."/CHJFKLCB8"LJF"/CHJFKLCB"DE"LJF"0D@LJFCG";IGOFC"*BYFK8"B GM"PBCID@K"DLJFC"FGKFARNFK1" aILJ"LJFKF"VFCEDCAIGO"OCD@VK8"JF"JBK"VCFAIFCFM"XDCYK"R."%BGB"aINKDG8"%DGBNM"#CBGLJBA8"%IFOD" 3FOB8"2B@N"5DCBPFH8"BGM"DLJFCK1"5C1"*@HBK"JBK"BNKD"VFCEDCAFM"XILJ"BG"BKKDCLAFGL"DE"SBZZ"FGKFARNFK8" BGM"BK"B"MD@RNIGO"LJFBLFC"A@KIHIBG"ED C"DPFC"U>"A@KIHBN"VCDM@HLIDGK"BHCDKK"LJF"GDCLJFBKL1 $FHFGLN.8" JF"JBK"VFCEDCAFM"DG"ABKLFC 9 HNBKK"BGM"HNIGIH"VCDOCBAK"XILJ"VFCEDCAFCK"IGHN@MIGO"%BPIM"0HJIECIG8" )BCDN"aIGHFGH8"$DRFCL"0VCIGO8"eBAFK")BAVRFNN8"BGM"0LBGNF."%C@HYFC1" 5C1"*@HBKd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aDCNM")NBCIGFL"!NNIBGHF1