West Palm Bay : a redevelopment project

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Material Information

Title:
West Palm Bay : a redevelopment project
Physical Description:
Book
Creator:
Moore, Stephen
Publisher:
School of Landscape Architecture and Planning, College of Design, Construction and Planning, University of Florida
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Redevelopment
Planning
Ecology
Design
Restoration

Notes

Abstract:
Project Name: West Palm Bay Redevelopment Location: Palm Bay, Brevard County, Florida I do not have an official client for this project, since it is more of a theoretical project. Possible clients would include the City of Palm Bay, State of Florida, St. Johns River Water Management District, a private developer, or a combination of these. The site is currently held by many different landowners. For my project, I will take the position that a private developer has come in, with the cooperation of the city of Palm Bay, and purchased the entire site. The developer will sell a large portion of the site to the St. Johns River Water Management District for preservation and water management lands, due to its proximity to existing preserves.
General Note:
Landscape Architecture capstone project

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Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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AA00013333:00001


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West Palm Bay A Redevelopment Project Palm Bay, Brevard County, Florida Stephen Moore Spring 2012 University of Florida

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Introduction Project Description History Physical Features Background Goals and Objectives Site Inventory Site and Context Character Land Use, Zoning, & Soil St. Johns River Analysis and Synthesis Social Site and Context Analysis Natural Site and Context Analysis Suitability Analysis Concept Development Case Studies Concept & Program Development Land Use Concepts Master Plan Master Plan Facts & Figures Site Planning Diagrams Component Overviews Character References & Appendix Table of Contents 5 6 7 8 10 12 15 16 23 30 35 36 38 40 49 50 56 58 60 60 62 63 64 66 80 83

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Introduction

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Project Description History

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Physical Features

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Background Brevard County Florida Palm Bay Population, 2010 543,376 18,801,310 103,190 Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010 14.10% 17.60% 29.90% Persons under 5 years, percent, 2010 4.90% 5.70% 6.20% Persons under 18 years, percent, 2010 19.80% 21.30% 23.90% Persons 65 years and over, percent, 2010 20.40% 17.30% 15.30% Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+, 2006 2010 23.6 25.7 25.6 Housing units in multi unit structures, percent, 2006 2010 22.60% 30.00% 12.30% Median value of owner occupied housing units, 2006 2010 $186,900 $205,600 $159,200 Median household income 2006 2010 $49,523 $47,661 $44,528 Persons below poverty level, percent, 2006 2010 10.50% 13.80% 12.80% Retail sales per capita, 2007 $12,339 $14,353 $7,228

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Goals & Objectives

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Site Inventory

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Site Character

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Context Character

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Regional Character

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tB u l l C r e e k W i l d l i f e M a n a g e m e n t A r e aT h r e e F o r k s C o n s e r v a ti o n A r e a R a n c h R e s e r v e F L F o r e v e r Pr o j e c t Me r r i t t I s l a n d N a t i o n a l W i l d l i fe R e f u g e Pe l i c a n I s l a n d N a t i o n a l W i l d l i fe R e f u g e B l u e C y p r e s s C o n s e r v a ti o n A r e aA v o n P a r k A i r F o r c e R a n g eSt. S e b a s ti a n R i v e r Pr e s e r v e St a te Pa r kK i s s i m m e e P r a i r i e P r e s e r v e S t a t e P a r kF o r t D r u m M a r s h C o n s e r v a ti o n A r e a O s l o R i v e r f r o n t C o n s e r v a ti o n A r e aG e o r g i aA T L A N T I C O C E A NT h r e e L a k e s W i l d l i f e M a n a g e m e n t A r e a O r d w a y S w i s h e r P r e s e r v eB l u e C y p r e s s L a k eFl orida 's T u rnpikeS t J o h n s R i v e rL i t t l e B i g E c o n S t a t e F o r e s t G r e e n S w a m p W i t h l a c o o c h e e S t a t e F o r e s t N e w n a n s L a k e C o n s e r v a t i o n A r e aL a k e Sa n t a F e C r e s c e n t L a k e P O L K L A K E M A R I O N O S C E O L A V O L U S I A L E V Y B R E V A R D D U V A L C L A Y O R A N G E P A S C O A L A C H U A P U T N A M B A K E R C I T R U S N A S S A U C O L U M B I A S U M T E R H I L L S B O R O U G H S T JO H N S H A R D E E M A N A T E E F L A G L E R H E R N A N D O U N I O N I N D I A N R I V E R H I G H L A N D S S E M I N O L E O K E E C H O B E E B R A D F O R D S T L U C I E P I N E L L A S G I L C H R I S T H A M I L T O N S U W A N N E E 9 5 7 5 2 9 5 4 1 0 2 7 5 3 7 5 2 7 5 2 7 5 2 7 5 7 5 2 7 5 1 9 2 4 4 1 1 2 7 1 9 1 7 3 0 1 4 1 9 8 9 0 2 7 A 2 3 9 2 4 1 B 9 0 A 1 9 A 1 A 1 B 9 8 B 4 1 B 4 1 4 1 3 0 1 1 9 8 1 7 1 9 4 4 1 1 7 4 4 1 9 0 9 2 9 2 4 4 1 9 8 2 7 3 0 1 2 7 1 9 8 3 0 1 9 2 9 2 9 8 4 1 9 0 4 1 B 4 4 1 9 2 3 0 1 4 1 4 4 1 1 9 4 4 1 9 8 4 1 3 0 1 9 2 9 8 9 8 3 0 1 9 2 9 8 2 7 9 8 1 A 9 8 9 8 1 4 1 B 3 0 1 1 7 9 8 9 2 3 0 1 2 7 4 4 1 9 8 4 4 1 2 7 4 1 4 1 3 0 1 4 1 9 2 3 0 1 9 2 1 9 1 7 9 8 3 0 1 3 0 1 a to m l i n s X\ l a n d a c q \ l a n d s l i b \ p r o j e c ts \ 2 0 1 1 A c q M a p a d 1 1 X1 7 m x d 0 6 2 8 -1 1 0 2 0 1 0 M i l e s1 : 9 3 6 2 7 02 0 1 1 A c q u i s i ti o n M a p St. J o h n s R i v e r W a te r M a n a g e me n t D i s t r i c t I n t e r st a t e H i g h w a ys U S H i g h w a ys T o l l w a ys M i t i g a t i o n B a n ks F u l l F e e L e ss T h a n F e e Jo i n t F e e F e e L i f e E s t a t e P o t e n t i a l A c q u i s i t i o n O t h e r P u b l i c L a n d s F l o r i d a F o r e ve r P r o j e ct s C o u n t y B o u n d a r i e s T h e a c q u i s i t i o n b o u n d a r i e s h a v e b e e n t r a n s f e r r e d i n t o t h e S t J o h n s R i v e r W a t e r M a n a g e m e n t D i s t r i c t ( S J R W M D ) g e o g r a p h i c i n f o r m a t i o n s y s t e m f r o m t h e b e s t a v a i l a b l e i n f o r m a t i o n a n d a r e p r o v i d e d t o t h e S J R W M D f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e s T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s f o r p l a n n i n g p u r p o s e s o n l y a n d i s n o t i n t e n d e d f o r l e g a l j u r i s d i c t i o n a l o r r e g u l a t o r y u s e T o p r o v i d e b o u n d a r y r e v i s i o n s p l e a s e s e n d d o c u m e n t a t i o n t o : S t J o h n s R i v e r W a t e r M a n a g e m e n t D i s t r i c t D e p a r t m e n t o f O p e r a t i o n s a n d L a n d R e s o u r c e s D i v i s i o n o f R e a l E s t a t e S e r v i c e s 4 0 4 9 R e i d S t r e e t P a l a t k a F l o r i d a 3 2 1 7 7 P h o n e ( 3 8 6 ) 3 2 9 4 5 0 0 J u n e 2 8 2 0 1 1 ( l a s t u p d a t e )

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Site Land Use Context Land Use

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Site Zoning Context Zoning

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Site Soils Context Soils

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St. Johns River

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Analysis & Synthesis

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Social Site Analysis Social Context Analysis

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Natural Site Analysis Natural Context Analysis

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Suitability Analysis Process Development Suitability Analysis

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Agricultural Suitability Analysis Commercial Suitability Analysis

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Industrial Suitability Analysis Residential Suitability Analysis

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Site Synthesis Context Synthesis

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Concept Development

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Case Study: Picayune Strand Case Study: Baldwin Park

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Case Study: Lehigh Acres Case Study: Coyote Valley

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Case Study: Agritopia tm Case Study: Circle B Bar Reserve

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Concept & Program Development

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Land Use Concepts

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0 1/4 1/2 Master Plan

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Facts & Figures Site Planning

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Transportation Diagram Water Flow Diagram

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Greenway System 0 1/4 1/2

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Recreation System 0 1/4 1/2

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Urban Core 0 1/4 1/2

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Agricultural Component 0 1/4 1/2

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College District 0 1/4 1/2

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Medical District 0 1/4 1/2

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Town Waterway 0 1/4 1/2

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Character

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References & Appendix

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Photo & Data Sources

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Reference Sources

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Palm Ba Breard Cont Florida Palm Ba y, Bre v ard Co u nt y, Florida

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Location Location • Southwestern Palm Bay Bay • 16 miles from Melbourne Melbourne • 41 miles from Cape Canaveral Canaveral • 80 miles from Orlando

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Palm Bay Introduction Palm Bay Introduction • Most of Palm Bay was developed by the General d l “ lb” Lan d Deve l opment Corporation as “ Port Ma l a b ar ” • There is a population of 103,190. • A substantial portion of the residents work in • A substantial portion of the residents work in nearby Melbourne, FL.

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Demographics Demographics Brevard CountyFloridaPalm Bay Population, 2010 543,37618,801,310103,190Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010 14.10%17.60% 29.90% Persons under 5 years, percent, 2010 4.90%5.70%6.20%Persons under 18 years, percent, 2010 19.80%21.30%23.90%Persons 65 years and over, percent, 2010 20.40%17.30%15.30% Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+, 2006 2010 23.625.7 25.6Housing units in multi unit structures, percent, 2006 2010 22.60%30.00% 12.30%Median value of owner occupied housing units, 2006 2010 $186,900 $205,600 $159,200 Mdi hhld i 2006 2010 $49523 $47661 $44528 M e di an h ouse h o ld i ncome 2006 2010 $49 523 $47 661 $44 528 Persons below poverty level, percent, 2006 2010 10.50%13.80%12.80%Retail sales per capita, 2007 $12,339 $14,353 $7,228

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West Palm Bay Site West Palm Bay Site • This section began in the • This section began in the early 1980’s and was never completed with utilities completed with utilities • Defunct 3,000 acre primarily residential development residential development • Roads are in place, but are not in good condition not in good condition • None of the parcels are developed developed

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Upper St Johns River Basin Upper St Johns River Basin • After flooding in the 1940’s, canals were dug to divert f f f resh water f rom the St. Johns river watershed into the Indian River Lagoon. • Projects by the SJRWMD have been attempting to Projects by the SJRWMD have been attempting to address the environmental problems created by this project.

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Three Forks Marsh Conservation Three Forks Marsh Conservation • The Three Forks Marsh Cti A d C1 C onserva ti on A rea an d C1 Canal RediversionProject divert some of the water back into the St. Johns River, while also providing filtration.

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Key Preliminary Issues Key Preliminary Issues Sl f ld d f il fil • S urp l us o f l an d zone d f or s i ng l e f am il y • Existing roads and limited site preparation • Proposed land uses need to be challenged • Proposed land uses need to be challenged • Need for employment and amenities • Need for diverse residential types Need for diverse residential types • Need to incorporate opportunities from the context • Need to turn the canal system from a liability to an opportunity Ditd ildlif th/id • Di sconnec t e d w ildlif e pa t c h es / corr id ors

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Project Goals & Objectives Project Goals & Objectives • Provide regenerative design objectives – Incorporate Low Impact Development into the design – Increase both density and open space – Improve water quality through design methods • Create exciting experiences for diverse user groups • Create exciting experiences for diverse user groups – Create a sense of place for Palm Bay through design – Use the site’s unique features to enhance the design • Ensure economic viability • Ensure economic viability – Respond to the community’s needs for zoning and employment – Use smart growth principles • Become a catalyst for redevelopment of similar sites • Become a catalyst for redevelopment of similar sites – Create a successful design that may inspire others to redevelop defunct sites in a much more socially and naturally sustainable manner

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Case Study: Picayune Strand Case Study: Picayune Strand • Similar site platted in Similar site platted in the 1960’s. • The parcels have been The parcels have been acquired by the State of Florida from 17,000 of Florida from 17,000 land owners. • Canals were blocked Canals were blocked and roads were removed in order to Source: http://greensource.construction.com restore sheet flow.

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Program Assumptions Program Assumptions • Developer to buy the site from individual ld l an d owners. • A portion of the site will be sold from the dl SJRWMD f lil i d eve l oper to SJRWMD f or eco l og i ca l restorat i on. • Specific program elements will depend on the suitability analysis and concept development.

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Existing Zoning Existing Zoning • The majority of the The majority of the site is zoned for residential. • The comprehensive plan does not address plan does not address any changes to land use on the site.

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Existing Land Use Existing Land Use • Residential parcels Residential parcels near the site are s p arsel y develo p ed py p

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Site Character Site Character

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Context Character Context Character

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Regional Character Regional Character

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Analysis Analysis

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Suitability Analysis Suitability Analysis • GIS suitability analyses GIS suitability analyses were conducted includin g : g development, residential, industrial, and commercial.

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Land Use Exploration Land Use Exploration Suitability Overlay Process Suitability Overlay Compatibility Diagram

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Program Analysis & Development Program Analysis & Development • Mixed use development will increase livability • There is little need for single family residential • There is little need for single family residential • Creating a commercial/industrial center will provide jobs and entertainment This could provide jobs and entertainment This could become a hub for southwest Palm Bay. • The development could possibly Incorporate • The development could possibly Incorporate agriculture to relate to context.

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Program Program • Residential: medium density, townhome, mixed use, zero lot line, single family, rural • Commercial: Medium density, low density, office, retail, mixed use • Industrial: light industrial, technology park • A g ricultural: commercial, communit y g ardens g y g • Conservation: watershed restoration, uplands, limited access recreational

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Land Use Concepts Land Use Concepts

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Master Plan Master Plan

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• Water taxi Water Flow Diagram Water taxi • Trolley • Stormwater Stormwater filtration • Multi purpose Transportation Diagram • Multi purpose park and greenway greenway system

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Central Lake Central Lake S f l • S ense o f p l ace • Recreation • Stormwatermanagement • Community building Community building

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Greenway System Greenway System Elil i • E co l og i ca l restorat i on • Stormwatermanagement • Recreation • Education Education

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Recreation System Recreation System Cii • C onnect i v i ty • Passive/active recreation • Community building

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Urban Core Urban Core S f l • S ense o f p l ace • Promote walkability • Create a destination • Employment Employment

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College District College District • Employment • Economic stimulus Economic stimulus • Bring growth

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Medical District Medical District S d f i • S erve nee d s o f commun i ty • Employment • Bring growth

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Agricultural Component Agricultural Component Cb l f il • C om b at l oss o f agr i cu l ture • Community building • Relate to context

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Florida Vernacular Architecture Florida Vernacular Architecture • Create sense of place • Respectful of the environment • Traditional historical context

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Facts & Figures Facts & Figures Acres Developed as Current 2828 West Palm Bay 2828 Acres Mixed Use Acres/Sqft Multifamily Acres/Units 2828 0/0 0/0 2828 213/12,934,982 149/6944 Townhome Acres/Units Single Family Acres/Units Office Acres / S q ft 0/0 1467/5471 0 / 0 88/1065 106/661 117 / 4 458 131 / q Retail Acres/Sqft Technology Park Acres/Sqft Civic Acres / 42/? 0/0 184 /,, 139/2,812,696 195/5,819,000 225 Civic Acres Agriculture Acres Recreation Acres 184 0 14 225 493 128 Greenway Acres Water Acres 573 0 738 139