White Springs nature base

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Material Information

Title:
White Springs nature base
Physical Description:
Book
Creator:
Dunlap, Kaley
Publisher:
School of Landscape Architecture and Planning, College of Design, Construction and Planning, University of Florida
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
White Springs
tourism
conservation
greenway
hotel

Notes

Abstract:
This project explores and develops a nature based tourism hub in White Springs, Florida that is purposed to excite the 100,000 + people that already pass through the city and aims attract numerous more. Phase I will be the development of a 1,000 seat conference center and 250 room hotel that will present itself as a gateway and welcome into White Springs Phase II will be the restoration of an isolated site that has been deteriorated by lumber farming and will include the development of an eco style lodge and a housing component. Phase III will be the articulation of a greenway to physically connect the two sites along an existing drainage corridor. All phases will overlap and work cohesively in the past, present, and future of White Springs.
General Note:
Landscape Architecture capstone project

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID:
AA00013324:00001


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Full Text

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nature base white springsKaley Dunlap Department of Landscape Architecture University of Florida, 2012 Faculty Advisor: Kevin Thompson

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"I am I plus my surroundings and if I do not preserve the latter, I do not preserve myself." -Jos Ortega y Gasset

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I would like to thank my advisor, Kevin Thompson, for his never ending guidance through this ever changing and laborious project. Another thank you to Mayor Helen Miller for her enthusiasm and investment in this project. White Springs is very lucky to have you. And finally to my friends and family, thank you for putting up with my nerdy excitement about this project. Thank you for supporting me when things were tough and celebrating with me when I got through them. a c k n o w l e d g e m e n t s

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W SNB

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t a b l e o f c o n t e n t s project introduction history of white springs site aerial study nature based tourism analysis goals & objectives synthesis program concept development final concepts final design conclusion references 1 4 7 17 23 37 41 45 51 59 65 84 86

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1 W SNB project introduction W SNBThis project explores and develops a nature based tourism hub in White Springs, Florida that is purposed to excite the 100,000+ people that already pass through the city and aims attract numerous more. Phase I will be the development of a 1,000 seat conference center and 250 room hotel that will present itself as a gateway and welcome into White Springs Phase II will be the restoration of an isolated site that has been deteriorated by lumber farming and will include the development of an eco style lodge and a housing component. Phase III will be the articulation of a greenway to physically connect the two sites along an existing drainage corridor. All phases will overlap and work cohesively in the past, present, and future of White Springs.Kaley Dunlap Department of Landscape Architecture University of Florida, 2012 Faculty Advisor: Kevin Thompson

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2 W SNB project introduction regional context 96 miles east of Tallahassee 67 miles west of Jacksonville 150 miles north of Orlando 47 miles south of Valdosta n.t.s. 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 White Springs, Florida

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3 W SNB project introduction White Springs, Florida n.t.s.neighboring towns 17 miles southeast of Jasper 12 miles northwest of Lake City 14 miles east of Live Oak 53 miles north of Gainesville 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

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4 W SNB history of white springs a brief historyc. 1530 Spanish settlers arrive to North Florida Timucuan Indians reside on the banks of the Suwannee in present day White Springs Bryant and Elizabeth Sheffield bought land for a sea cotton plantation most of which is now the town of White Springs Lodge and log spring house constructed and acted as Florida’s first tourist attraction Georgia Southern and Florida Railroad reaches White Springs and its 14 luxury hotels bringing with it floods of tourists 1835 c. 1840 1903 1911 late 1800s 1885 1861-1865 early years The Suwannee River acts as a barrier between the Timucuan and Apalachee tribes. The White Sulphur Spring was considered a sacred healing ground and place of nonviolence Acted as a refuge for fleeing southerners from battle on Florida’s coasts during the Civil War The Town of White Springs becomes incorporated Minnie Mosher Jackson constructs a concrete and coquina spring house around the spring Fire destroys town business district

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5 W SNB history of white springs 1930s 1950 1953 1997 2010 1989 White Springs is devastated by the Great Depression and struggles to recover Stephen Foster Folk Culture Center is opened and museum dedicated First Florida Folk Festival is held Construction of I-75 allows visitors to quickly bypass White Springs Suwannee River Bicycle Association is formed and headquartered in White Springs White Springs placed on the National Registrar of Historic Places with 88 supporting structures Stephen Foster Folk Culture Center reaches 100,000 visitors in one year Mayor Dr. Helen Miler appointed mayor of White Springs 1960s 1971 Disney World in Orlando is open to the public

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W SNBsite aerial study

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8 W SNB site aerials (1958) satellite site n.t.s. headquarters site

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9 W SNB site aerials (1994) n.t.s. satellite site headquarters site

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10 W SNB site aerials (1998) n.t.s. satellite site headquarters site

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11 W SNB site aerials (2004) n.t.s. satellite site headquarters site

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12 W SNB site aerials (2005) n.t.s. satellite site headquarters site

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13 W SNB site aerials (2006) n.t.s. satellite site headquarters site

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14 W SNB site aerials (2007) n.t.s. satellite site headquarters site

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15 W SNB site aerials (2011) n.t.s. satellite site headquarters site

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W SNBnature based tourism

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18 W SNB nature based tourismNATURE BASED TOURISM: Responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well being of local people. (TIES, c. 1990) Directly supports local community Low impact alternative to commercial tourism Harbor appreciation of our natural habitats Serves to educate the traveler Provides funds for ecological conservation Foster respect for different culture (international) Offer insight into the impact of humans on the environment

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19 W SNB nature based tourism ECO LODGE: Offers a tourist an educational and participatory experience, is developed and managed in an ecologically sensitive manner, and protects its operating envirornment. Appropriately located for environmental protection and proximity Developed in a sensitive manner Serves as a crucial link between tourist and nature based tourism Connection and proximity to natural attractions Variety of types and scales of facilities Relaxed and flexible atmosphere

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21 W SNB nature based tourismWHITE SPRINGS & NATURE BASED TOURISM :context Located on the Suwannee River, White Springs is surrounded by natural resources. It was built on a ridge just north of the river flood plains and has undeveloped land bordering it in all four cardinal directions. proximity To the west of White Springs is the Stephen Foster Folk Culture Center State Park which hosts the beginning point of the Suwannee River Wilderness Trail. A little further west is the Suwannee Valley Conservation Area. To the south in the flood plain is the Bridge to Bridge bicycle trail, an 8 mile bike trail that scales all the unpredictable terrain of the Suwannee River. To the south-east lie two tracts of land, Gar Pond Tract and Little Shoals Tract, both which boast rigorous bicycle trails. From the Little Shoals Tract you can connect to the Florida Trail that runs the coast of most of the Suwannee River. To the north-east is Big Shoals State Park which allows for hiking, biking, and small scale camping. To the north is planted pineland, agriculture, and phosphate mining. culture White Springs is rich with history and was once known for its healing sulfur spring and luxurious hotel accommodations. Since the 1960s the town has slowly been losing public interest and has had no significant development either physically or economically in the past few decades. This has been both a blessing and a curse for White Springs; the lack of development has allowed the city to preserve its cultural and physical history but the void left by little economic stimulation has restricted growth in all aspects of White Springs. The town is on the National Registrar of Historic Places and most of the 82 historic structures still stand and are used today.

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W SNBanalysis

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24 W SNB analysis 1 9 6 7 5 2 1 4 3 8 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Downtown White Springs Bridge to Bridge Tract Gar Pond Tract Big Shoals State Park Little Shoals Tract Stephen Foster State Folk Culture Center Suwannee Valley Conservation Area Agriculture and phosphate mining C.R. 136 Highway Interchange immediate context

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25 W SNB analysis a walk through white springs Spring StreetHighway 41C.R. 135

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26 W SNB analysis within city limitsdirectly adjacentcontextual sites Bridge to Bridge TractGar Pond Tract Little Shoals Tract Big Shoals State Park Stephen Foster State Folk Culture Center Bridge to Bridge 277 acres 4.5 trail miles Gar Pond 877 acres 7 trail miles Little Shoals 400 acres 3.5 trail miles Big Shoals 3,772 acres 28 trail miles existing trail facilities

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27 W SNB analysis trail character GAR POND LITTLE SHOALS 41WHITE SPRINGS ROADAPPROXIMATE DISTANCEADAMS MEMORIAL RDWHITE SPRINGS169 170 171 172 174 173 Entrance Entrance White SpringsBIG SHOALS PUBLIC LANDSSUWA NNE E R IVERF LORIDA TRAIL Gar Po nd 00.5 0.25 MilesNW D RE AME R LANE Hor sePondPi tPond EntranceN W S T I L L W A T E R W A YN W E G Y P T T E R RLittle Shoals Entrance 246 135 136

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28 W SNB analysissite land use Headquarters Site 11 acres Satellite Site 123 acres agricultural industrial institutional public/semi-public recreation residential vacant non-residential vacant residential retail/office

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29 W SNB analysisoverall land use agricultural industrial institutional public/semi-public recreation residential vacant non-residential vacant residential retail/office White Springs City Limits Suwannee River Primary Roads Secondary Roads Satellite Site Headquarters Site

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30 W SNB analysismajor circulation primary circulation secondary circulation tertiary circulation 05001000 250 Main entrance into White Springs from I-75

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31 W SNB analysislocal springs White Sulphur Spring out of commission Unnamed Spring Unnamed Spring 05001000 250

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32 W SNB analysisoverall topography Headquarters Site Satellite Site Suwannee River Primary Roads 5’ Contours Parcel Outlines The general topography of White Springs is relatively flat with the exception of two deep drainage corridors. Development of the town stops at the beginning of the ridge that marks the Suwannee River flood plains. The high point is along the intersection of Spring Street and Kendrick Street. The low point is on the headquarters site in a ravine that drains into the river.

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33 W SNB analysisheadquarters site topography Headquarters Site Suwannee River Primary Roads 5’ Contours Parcel Outlines 30% slope3% slope8% slope This site has some areas of radical topography, only little of which is too extreme to develop. The low point in White Springs is located within these boundaries at the 65’ contour. The northern and eastern edges are very developable; land closer to the low point becomes less and less developable.

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34 W SNB analysissatellite site topography Satellite Site Suwannee River Primary Roads 5’ Contours Parcel Outlines This site is flat on the north-east and northwest boundaries but hosts a gradual drainage corridor down the center. The land drains to the center and down south to the Suwannee.

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35 W SNB analysisoverall soils chipley sand foxworth sand alpin fine sand not limited blanton sand plummer sand wampee fine sandy loam pelham sand somewhat limited albany fine sand mascotte sand bigbee fine sand very limited

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W SNBgoals & objectives

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38 W SNB goals & objectives Creates livelyhood for local residents Invigorates the economy of White Springs Return to the principal values of White Springs Preserves and energizes community identity economic development through cooperative community enterprise planning Realizes the value of abundant natural resources and aims to preserve them White Springs Nature Base

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39 W SNB goals & objectives 1 Provide viable options for economic growth in White Springs.Provide accommodations within the city for the thousands of visitors that pass come to White Springs each year but stay elsewhere due to lack of overnight accommodations. Provide gathering space for large events to be hosted in White Springs. Provide reasons for people to come to White Springs every day of the year. 2 Transform the satellite site to a natural environment and utilize as an economic and educational tool.Restore drainage corridor to a natural state to promote healthy watershed management. Utilize a combination of natural progression and human encouraged restoration to return the site to a natural ecosystem from its former timberland use. Develop ecolodge and housing component in a manner that provides little or no negative impact to the surrounding environment. Include interpretation techniques into lodge to educate tourists of the importance of conservation. 3 Return White Springs to a tourist destination.Expand nature based tourism facilities and reputation of White Springs. Enhance the front-door of White Springs (I-75 and C.R. 136 interchange) to include advertisements for ecolodge and trail heads. Attract tourists who are looking for an alternative to the conventional vacation destinations. Encourage schools to come for educational field trips and offer summer camps for children.

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W SNBsynthesis

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42 W SNB synthesis headquarters site Historic Spring House is a White Springs landmark and has the potential to bring in visitors if restored. Entrance to Stephen Foster Park is directly adjacent to the site potentially bringing people into the lodge. Adams General Store is another White Springs landmark and is directly across from the main corner of the site. 2 Already cleared land provides opportunity for development. Corner can act as a gateway/welcome to White Springs. 1 Main route into town leads a visitor directly to site. Opportunity to attract visitors. 3 Existing drainage corridor provides potential for greenway development and passive recreation. Potential greenway connectivity to satellite site. Constrains development. 4 Gradual slopes provide better canvas for development and potential for unique lodging experience. 5 Direct adjacency to historic downtown core provides opportunity for retail relationships and historic tours. 6 Direct adjacency to Stephen Foster State Folk Culture Center provides opportunity for working relationships, overflow parking, and enhanced nature based tourism. Provides minor business competition. 5 4 4 3 6 2 1 0200400 100

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43 W SNB synthesis satellite site Existing park and boat ramp provides opportunity for connection and easy access to the Suwannee River. 2 On site drainage corridor provides opportunity for restoration and greenway development. Opportunity to connect to headquarters site via greenway. Constrains development. 1 Site located on two main circulation routes. Allows for easy access into site and street visibility. 3 Parcel located directly on Woodpecker Route. Opportunity for social amenities and potential housing component. Opportunity to connect Carver Community. 4 Isolated land parcel provides opportunity for secluded lodging. Timber land provides opportunity for ecological restoration. 5 Clear cut land constrains natural element of development. Provides opportunity for phased and natural progression. Opportunity for expansion or solar fields. 6 Existing overflow wastewater management facility constrains entry into site. Provides opportunity for remediation and education. 7 Proposed Carver School site provides connections with edcuation world. Opportunity to support housing component. 8 Adjacency with Big Shoals State Park provides opportunity for shared trail amenities. Provides incentive to visit ecolodge. 6 Proximity to Bridge to Bridge Trail provides opportunity to connect with headquarters site. Creates recreation opportunity. Generates interest in area. 1 1 3 2 4 5 6 9 8 7 0400800 200

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W SNBprogram

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46 W SNB programuser groups SBA

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47 W SNB programheadquarters site 11 acresresource: town of white springs development initiatives master plan (via mayor helen miller)conference center1,000 seats 15,000 square feet roughly 0.34 acres (3% of site)hotel/lodging250 rooms 125,000 square feet roughly 2.87 acres (26% of site) 050100 25conference center 1-story lodging

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48 W SNB programsatellite site 123 acreseco lodgehousing component45 beds (58 people) dining facility spa services observation tower social spaces expansionconservationfocus primarily on drainage corridor connect development to big shoals via conservation allow natural progression to aid remediation human phased restorationexpansionrestored landscape available for development pending success of established lodging integration of green energy uses 13 acres expansion of existing Carver Neighborhood (6) 2 person bungalow (1) 2 person honeymoon suite (3) 4 person cottage (2) 16 person bunks

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49 W SNB program primary purpose The White Springs Ecolodge would serve as a homebase for tourists wanting to see the natural resources of White Springs and the surrounding areas. This is where they would store their belongings, fall asleep to the sound of crickets rather than car horns, and enjoy a homecooked meal every night. Here they would find trail maps, information about White Springs and surrounding towns, equipment rental information, suggestions on where to eat, shop, and play, etc. A variety of community spaces will allow for group events or private reflection. The ecolodge will also offer spa services to reflect upon the healing and rejuvenating reputation White Springs once boasted. target clientele The Ecolodge would aim to attract environmentally aware families, groups, or individuals looking for an alternative to the traditional vacation. Guests should be looking for an experience to learn from and reconnect with nature. Families and children are encouraged to engage in an interactive nature experience. Guests to the White Springs Ecolodge are not looking to spend their vacation in their lodge accommodations but to be enjoying the land on which it rests. associated activities Mountain biking Hiking Wildlife observation Canoeing/kayaking Swimming in springs Exploring surrounding areas Massage Various spa activities Historic audio tour white springs ecolodge

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W SNBconcept development

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52 W SNB concept development elo concept 1headquarters site greenway connection to historic spring house drainage corridor protected from structural development open space on corner to contrast adams general store buffer conference center from lodging with open space lodge secluded and tucked into woods passive open space between the street and lodging green connections into drainage corridor from exterior of site 0100200 50

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53 SNBconcept development lo ce n e headquarters site |concept 2 greenway connection to historic spring house drainage corridor protected from structural development conference center on corner to respond to adams general store provide open event space behind conference center with views into the conservation area lodge fronting to the street to create low scale urban edge parking concentrated in garage with retail frontage bottom floor responding to spring house green connections into drainage corridor from exterior of site 0100200 50

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54 W SNB concept development elo headquarters site |concept 3 greenway connection to historic spring house drainage corridor protected from structural development open space on corner to contrast adams general store conference center associated with open space to create anchor provide open event space behind conference center with views into the conservation area lodge fronting to the street to create low scale urban edge green connections into drainage corridor from exterior of site 0100200 50

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55 W SNB concept development concept 1satellite site | co c o co c c co co o o o o o o nc n c c nc n nc nc nc c c ep ep e e ep e e e ep e e ep ep p p p p p t t t t t t t 1 1 1 1 1 1 e e e e e e t t t t t t t t t t t e e e e e e e e l l l l l l l l i i i i i t t t t t t t e e e e e e e e s s s s s s s i i i t t t t t t t t e e e e e e e e e e e | | | | | t e | | i i e e e e s greenway restoration and conservation connection from greenway through site to big shoals lodge in seclusion tucked between conservation and big shoals housing located adjacent to carver neighborhood expansion area located in clear cut land needed restoration organic agriculture on already disturbed land wastewater facility remediated and eventually turned into park/alternate entrance 0300600 150

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56 W SNB concept development concept 3 W S N B concept developmen t e ve lo e t de conc e c B W co co co co co c c c c c c co o co o o nc nc nc n n n n nc n n c c nc c c ep ep e ep e e e ep p p p p t t t t t 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 greenway restoration and conservation connection from greenway through site to big shoals lodge bordering conservation land in linear arrangement housing located adjacent to carver neighborhood expansion area located in clear cut land needed restoration organic agriculture on already disturbed land conservation land to buffer housing from lodge wastewater facility remediated and eventually turned into park/alternate entrancesatellite site | 0300600 150

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57 W SNB concept development concept 2 greenway restoration and conservation connection from greenway through site to big shoals lodge in scattered linear arrangement along conservation land housing located adjacent to carver neighborhood expansion area located between lodge and big shoals organic agriculture between lodge and housing wastewater facility remediated and eventually turned into park/alternate entrancesatellite site | 0300600 150

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W SNBfinal concepts

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61 W SNB final conceptswhite springs |conservation concept white springs surrounded by public conservation land to u r ism to u r is m c c c c o o o o o o o o o o o o n n n n n n s s s s e e e e r r v v a a a a t t t t i i i i o o o o n n n n l l l l l l l l l l a a a a a a n n n n d d d s s s c c o o o n n n s s s e e e r r r r v v v v v a a a t t t i i i i o o o o n n n l l a a a a n n n n d d d s s s s

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62 W SNB final conceptsheadquarters site | 0100200 50final concept emphasize entrance into white springs greenway connection to historic spring house drainage corridor protected from structural development open space anchors on each major corner of site integrate conference center with lodging to unite uses lodge secluded and tucked into woods passive open space between the street to building and building to building relationships access to greenway

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63 W SNB final conceptssatellite site |final concept 0200400 100greenway restoration and conservation connection from greenway through site to big shoals lodging situated on greenway to emphasize views and experience housing located adjacent to carver neighborhood expansion space to eventually connect to big shoals facilities wastewater facility remediated and transformed into park cluster like types of lodging locate social amenities on waterfront locate observation tower in location with best view of white springs and suwannee river

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W SNBfinal design

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66 W SNB final design After acquiring vacant parcels of land on the outskirts of White Springs, a greenway is proposed to fully contain the growth of the town. If this is implemented, White Springs would be bordered in each cardinal direction by public conservation land. This will regulate sprawl while doubling as a recreation opportunity for visitors and residents. Multi-use trails, mountain biking trails, and a variety of environmental education elements could be installed to educate the public on the importance of protecting our natural resources. g r e e n w a y

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67 W SNB final designconservation greenway 08001600 400 parcels to be acquired existing conservation land study sites

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68 W SNB final designThe headquarters to the nature based tourism operation is designed to embrace the beauty of the Suwannee River and engage the historic downtown of White Springs to provide the user a truly unique visit. The drainage ravine through the middle of the site has been protected and all development is outside the 100 year flood plain. The steep topography allowed for a unique architecture to be developed for some of the hotel buildings. All development is sited on the land to cause the least amount of disturbance possible. The conference center is situated on the main corner of the site. It is set back behind a wildflower meadow and grove of young pine trees. This allows the building to blend with its surroundings so as not to compete with the historic nature of the adjacent Adams General Store. The hotel accommodations include 250 rooms as well as a dining terrace and infinity edge pool that overlook the conservation greenway. A plaza is located adjacent to the conference center and can be used for events such as farmers markets, art shows, and festivals. A visitor will hardly encounter vehicular traffic with parking located on the ground level of each building. Stormwater is treated in the passive green space between buildings to be filtered before entering the aquifer. Laundry and cleaning services for both the headquarters site and satellite site are located here as well. h e a d q u a r t e r s

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69 W SNB final designheadquarters site 080160 40 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 5 2 3 4 5 6 entrance sign with wildflower meadow conference center (parking bottom floor) dining terrace and pool terraced hotel lodging (integrated parking) standard hotel lodging (parking bottom floor) greenway conservation 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 8 7 event plaza 8 laundry/cleaning services

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70 W SNB final designentrance

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71 W SNB final designview entering white springs

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72 W SNB final designview entering white springs

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73 W SNB final designterraced hotel lodging a a’ parking lodgelodge parking conservation 030 15 a a’

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74 W SNB final designThe satellite site houses the White Springs Ecolodge for visitors wanting more natural vacation environment. The 123 acre site is on the outskirts of town directly adjacent to Big Shoals State Park. The entrance is off of Woodpecker Route, a main thoroughfare in White Springs and connects directly to the headquarters site via Suwannee Street. A visitor will enjoy a home cooked meal each night that they will enjoy on a waterfront dining terrace. Spa and massage services are provided to reflect the rejuvenating history of White Springs. Deeper into the site is an observation tower that one can climb to see the miles of natural resources north Florida has to offer. There are plenty of trails on site to occupy a tourist's time; these trails also connect to adjoining trail systems such as Big Shoals and the Bridge to Bridge trail. The existing man-made water bodies on site have been naturalized and utilized as an aesthetic amenity. The ecolodge offers a variety of accommodations including 4 person cottages, 2 person bungalows, and a honeymoon suite with a private pool. There is a girls bunk and a boys bunk on site to accommodate school groups or small summer camps for children wanting to enjoy and learn about nature. The old wastewater treatment plant has been restored and designed into a stormwater treatment facility and environmental education element. The sure to come increased desire for housing in White Springs is addressed with 13 acres of housing just north of the existing Carver Neighborhood. s a t e l l i t e

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75 W SNB final design 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 2 3 4 5 6 dining hall and spa facilities gravel parking lot 2 bed cottages 1 bed bungalows honeymoon suite boys and girls bunks satellite site 0300600 150 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 7 observation tower 8 environmental education and stormwater park 9 housing component a b

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76 W SNB final design 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 1 5 5 5 2 3 4 5 6 dining hall & waterfront terrace massage clinic and spa facilities gravel parking existing water body 2 bed cottage (typ) nature trails satellite site | 060120 30 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 social amenities & cottages a 2 7 communal fire pit a

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77 W SNB final designwaterfront dining terrace & spa facilities a

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78 W SNB final design 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 2 3 4 5 bungalow site (typ) honeymoon suite & private pool pavilion and fire pit proposed water body nature trails to connect to big shoals satellite site | 060120 30bungalows & honeymoon suite b 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 b

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79 W SNB final designbungalows & amenities b

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80 W SNB final designThe cluster of bunalows in the ecolodge provides much opportunity for expansion as the ecolodge grows more popular. Each bungalow has enough land surrounding it to comfortably accommodate two additional bungalows. While this makes this area a little more dense, it allows for more land to be contributed to conservation. The design of the buildings and enough forest integrated into each site will provide suffienct privacy for guests of the lodge. This increases the original bungalow capacity from 12 to 36 guests at any given time. e x p a n s i o n

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81 W SNB final design satellite site | 060120 30bungalow expansion plan

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82 W SNB final design

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83 W SNB final designWhite Springs needs to be marketed in a way that will attract the ideal nature loving clients but in a way that will reach all people. A website is the easiest and fastest way to connect with people. Once a person arrives to White Springs they should be presented a variety of White Springs related materials. New trail maps, downtown maps, signage, brochures, apparel, etc. needs to be developed to not only attract but maintain the attention of potential visitors. m a r k e t i n g

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84 W SNB conclusion white springs nature base stimulated economy local jobs united community established tourism reputation

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85 W SNB conclusionThe main idea of this project is simple: get people to come to White Springs and get them to stay. White Springs is a treasure trove of recreation opportunities. Once its reputation starts to build and return to its once glory, people will come in the masses. This project ensures that White Springs will be ready for them. c o n c l u s i o n

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Architi aliqui de 86 W SNB r e f e r e n c e s

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Architi aliqui de87 W SNB Carr, Margaret H., Paul D. Zwick, and Maria C. Gurucharri. Hamilton County 2035: Alternative Future Land Use Scenarios. Apr. 2009. Raw data. University of Florida, Gainesville. Daintree Ecolodge & Spa. Web. Feb. 2012. . Faiers, Julia. Exotic Retreats: Eco Resort Design from Barefoot Sophistication to Luxury Pad Mies, Switzerland: RotoVision, 2005. Print. Florida Institute of Government. Historic Town of White Springs: Revitalization and Low Impact Growth. Nov. 2010. Raw data. Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida. Guettler, Tyler. Ecotourism and the Natural Environment: Hamilton County, Florida Thesis. University of Florida, 2009. Print. The International Ecotourism Society. Web. Feb. 2012. . Lindberg, Kreg, and Donald E. Hawkins. Ecotourism: A Guide for Planners and Managers North Bennington, VT: Ecotourism Society, 1993. Print. McMurray, Ken. A Revitalization Plan for White Springs, Florida Thesis. University of Florida, 1998. Print. Mehta, Hitesh. Authentic Ecolodges New York: Collins Design, 2010. Print. Mulkey, David, and Alan Hodges. Economic Impact Modeling for Hamilton County and the North Florida-South Georgia Region. Nov. 2008. Raw data. University of Florida, Gainesville.