Year book


Material Information

Year book
Physical Description:
v. ;21 cm.
Society of the Chagres
Edited by John K. Baxter
Place of Publication:
Press of W.F. Roberts CO., Washington D.C.
Publication Date:


serial   ( sobekcm )


General Note:
Includes "Biographical notes" of members. Began in 1911
General Note:
Panama Canal Museum

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the source institution.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 30180994
oclc - 07092203
System ID:

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Full Text



_ i

WmnIs I u 1puam3 vwvuJ Mfo fe)

Gift oefhe Panama Canal Museum


of the Chagres



"Edited" by JOHN K. BAXTER. Secretary-Treasurer
to March 6. 1916
"Gotten out" by F. C. SWANSON
Successor in office



DE VINO VERITAS .... .. .. 73
QUARTERS IN 1906 .... ........... .137

NOTE.-With exception of the Governor's letter and transmittal of
Secretary of War to Congress and P.-C. E. A. Argument, and minor
additions, manuscript for this issue of year book was received from
Secretary-Treasurer and Editor John K. Baxter. Owing to mananaa"
influences, perhaps of the climate, and after the "smoker" February
z9th at University Club, also to lack of funds on account of possible
extravagance of the Officers or Dinner Committee, it was left for his
successor in office. The former President is connected with the
judiciary and promptness not expected. We quote from Governor
Goethals' address in this issue: "Mr. May used to be useful; but he
has joined the judiciary. His motto now is manana."-F. G. S.

Statement of receipts and disbursements by Treasurer, May 7,

1914, to December 31, 1915:
From predecessor $
Dues from members 1,
Pins .
On Year Book .
Refunds, deposits .
Buttons .
For Annual Dinner .
Ash trays .

Total . $4,


971.62 For Society pins .
860.00 Postage and stamps .
252.00 Stationery and printing .
18.00 Service of clerk .
24.94 Refunds ineligiblee) .
.50 Miscellaneous .
831.00 Year Book, 1914, J. O. C.
65.00 Year Book, 1915, J. K. B.
Dinner at Tivoli ....
023.06 Cash on hand .. .

$ 580.21

Total .. $4,023.06


Statement of receipts and disbursements, January 1 to March 6, 1916.

From previous statem't $ 446.28
Dues and Misc. Receipts:
Stub Rec. Book No. 15 75.00
Stub Rec. Book No. 16 159.50
Stub Rec. Book No. 17 165.50
Stub Rec. Book No. 18 17825
Stub Rec. Book No. 19 158.00
"Smoker," receipts from
115 admissions, $3 345.00


Received $543.91.
March 7, 1916.

Printing (misc.) .. .$ 4.00
Stamps ... 8.50
Clerical work ... 19.95
Exchange .80
"Editing Year Book,"
(1915) .. 100.00
($100 included above)
"Smoker," University
Club ... 850.37
Turned over to successor 543.91




Their Addresses, and What They Are Doing
ADAMS, JAMES H.-Latest address, Quitman, Miss.
ADAMS, ROGER H.-Requisition Clerk, Mechanical Division, Balboa. Since
February 5, 1916, Acting Chief Clerk.
ALBIN, MRS. W. H.-Latest address, Ancon.
ALBRECHT, JOHN E.-Carpenter. Latest address, Balboa. States address,
Gansevoort, N. Y.
ANDERSON, CHARLES J.-Latest address, 1823 North Bouvier Street,
Philadelphia, Pa.
ANDERSON, FRANK A.-Latest address, 1827 Nostrand Avenue, Brook-
lyn, N. Y.
ANDERSON, HENRY-Box 94, Cristobal, latest address.
ANDREWS, ISAAC H.-Foreman, Building Division, Cristobal, C. Z.
ANDREWS, ROLLEN F.-R. F. D. No. 2, Box 122, Mena, Ark.
ANGEL, J. C.-Latest address, c/o Dr. J. G. Blount, Washington, D. C.
ARMIGER, GEORGE-Conductor, P. R. R., Ancon, C. Z.
ARTHUR, ALLAN-Gen. Del., Houston, Texas.
ASHTON, W. F.-Cristobal, C. Z.
ATKINS, JOHN-Pedro Miguel.
ATTERBURY, THOS. C.-4049 Mifflin Street, Pittsburgh, Pa. Junior Explo-
sives Engineer, U. S. Bureau of Mines.
AUBREY, J. F.-Latest address, San Antonio, Texas.
AUSTIN, EDWARD M.-250 Park Place, Apt. 3-D, Brooklyn, N. Y.
AUSTIN, CHARLES B.-Meat Inspector, c/o Panama Railroad Company, 24
State Street, New York City, N. Y.
AVERY, JAMES B.-Cristobal, C. Z.
AZIMA, MICHAEL C.-Paraiso, C. Z.

BABBITT, R. W.-Last address, 7 Pomfret Street, Putnam, Conn.
BAILEY, ROBERT-Master Mechanic, Nevada Hills Mining Company, Fair-
view, Nev.
BANKS, CHARLES H.-Cristobal, C. Z.
BARBER, JOHN G.-Clerk,' Auditing Department, Panama Canal, Box 243
Balboa Heights, C. Z.

BARLOW, H. H.-Manager, Comiissary, Paraiso, C. Z.
BARNES, WM. J.-Box 193, Ancon, C. Z.
BARNETT, JAMES C.-4551 Oakenwald Avenue, Chicago, Ill. Railroaded
with the Illinois Central. "Laid up since July 3d in the hospital with a broken
leg. Expect to go into the real estate business as soon as I can navigate."
BARRETT, JAMES W.-Clerk, Property Bureau, Box 121, Balboa Heights.
BARTE, GEO. A.-Last address, Balboa.
BARTH, GEO. H.-Last address, Balboa.
BATES, LEWIS B.-Physician, Ancon Hospital, Ancon.
BATES, PHIL. M.-Last address, 22d and Kaufman Avenue, Van-
couver, Wash.
SBATES, W. H.-Last address, 2200 Kaufman Avenue, Vancouver, Wash.
BATH, CHAS. H.-Last address, 28 Camp Street, Norwalk, Conn.
BAXTER, H.-Trucking business (autos), No. 143 Central Avenue, Panama.
P. 0. address, Ancon.
BAXTER, JOHN K.-Chief of Division of Civil Affairs, Panama Canal.
Resigned, effective March 8, 1916. Nashville, Tenn.
BEAM, W. I.-Auditor, Mack Manufacturing Company, Wheeling, W. Va.
BEARD, FREDERICK S.-Last address, c/o C. J. Beard, 41 West 34th
Street, New York City.
BECKEL, W. O.-Last address, Terre Haute, Ind., R. F. D. No. 4.
BECKER, NEWTON, A.-Balboa Heights, C. Z.
BEDELL, A. G.-Clerk, Executive Office, Record Bureau, Balboa Heights.
BEDELL, W. G.-Balboa, C. Z.
BEETHAM, CHARLES H.-Box 15, Ancon.
BENNINGER, M. P.-Material Foreman, Electrical Division, Pedro Miguel.
BENNINGER, SHERMAN A.-Shipping Foreman, Balboa.
BERGIN, RALPH W.-Entered service of the Panama Railroad Company
March 1, 1888; filled positions of Train Dispatcher, Chief Dispatcher, Train
Master, Master of Transportation, Assistant Superintendent and Receiving and
Forwarding Agent at the Atlantic Terminal. Left the service of the Panama
Railroad Company in August, 1915. Present address, Jeffersontown, Ky.
BETHEA, JAMES K.-1763 U Street N.W., Washington, D. C.
BEVERLEY, ROBERT-Office Assistant to Superintendent of the Panama
Railroad, Balboa Heights.
BEVERLEY, E. P.-Physician, Colon Hospital, Cristobal.
BISSELL, WALTER J.-Cristobal, C. Z.
BLACKBURN, SAMUEL E.-Magistrate, Ancon, C. Z.
BLAIR, CHARLES A.-Clerk, Deputy Collector, Cristobal.
BLAKE, A. O.-Ancon, C. Z.
BLAKEMAN, WILL C.-Balboa Heights.
BLISS, GERALD D.-Postmaster, Cristobal.
BLOSS, HARRY I.-Conductor, Panama Canal, Ancon, C. Z.
BODETTE, WM.-Box 120, Ancon.
BOGGS, J. C.-510 Louisiana Street, Palestine, Texas.
BOLAND, JOHN-913 Jefferson Street N.W., Brightwood Park, Washing-
ton, D. C.

BOLEN, WM. H.-Electrical worker, Culebra, C. Z.
BOOTH, RUFUS K.-Box 159, Panama, R. de P.
BOTTENFIELD, F. M. D.-Pennsylvania Trojan Powder Company, Allen-
town, Pa.
BOVAY, HARRY E.-Stuttgart, Ark. Raising rice, selling farm tractors,
implements, automobiles, etc., and occasionally collecting cash for a piece of
Arkansas dirt.
BOYD, A. S.-Municipal Engineering, Pedro Miguel.
BOYD, OSCAR S.-Material Foreman, Division of Municipal Engineering,
Ancon, C. Z.
BOYLE, EDWARD M.-Agency Street, Burlingtbn, Iowa.
BRADNEY, M. F.-c/o Medical Storehouse, Ancon, clerk. States address,
R. F. D. No. 2, West Union, Ohio.
BRADY, CLYDE-Physician, 2116 W. Broadway, Louisville, Ky. At present
doing nothing, August 31, 1915, except living on the fat of the land and having
a general good time. Will go to Florida within the month with idea of estab-
lishing a medical practice, probably in the city of St. Petersburg.
BRADY, EDWARD-Blacksmith, Box 188, Ancon.
BRAW, FRED JILLSON-Interested in Ayrshire stock farm. Granville, N. Y.
BRIDGES, HARRY L.-Box 285, Ancon.
BRITTEN, C. CLEAVER-Abstract clerk, office of R. & F. A., Balboa.
P. O., Ancon.
BRONK, A. E.-Electric Bond and Share Co., New York City.
BROWN, E. L.-107 South Main Street, Sapulpa, Okla., last address.
BROWN, GEORGE ALFRED-Draftsman, Balboa Heights.
BROWN, GEORGE-Locomotive engineer, Panama Canal, Box 16, Balboa, C. Z.
BROWN, WALTER G.-Balboa, C. Z.
BROWN, WARREN EDWARD-Hotel assistant, Tivoli, Ancon.
BROWN, THOMAS E., Jr.-Last address, c/o J. A. Ferris & Company, 262
Mott Street, New York City.
BRYANT, JOSEPH H.-Machinist, Cristobal.
BUCHAN, GEORGE-Henderson, N. C.
BULLARD, CHESTER M.-1554 Shelby Street, Indianapolis, Ind.
BURDGE, LEROY E.-Clerk, Executive Office, Balboa Heights.
BURKE, JOHN-Last address, 3078 North Penn Street, Indianapolis, Ind.
BURMESTER, EDWARD A.-Box 234, Gatun, C. Z.
BURNHAM, HOWARD D.-Last address, 15 Seaton Place N.E., Washing-
ton, D. C.
BURNS, LEE-With the Hercules Powder Company, Hercules, Cal. Arrived
in San Francisco February 23, 1915; went on the P. P. I. C. guards March 1,
1915. Resigned from the guards June 21st to accept a position with the
Hercules Powder Company. I am very nicely located and have an idea I shall
stay here for several years.
BURROWS, C. A.-Cristobal, C. Z.
BUSHNELL, H. H.-Cristobal.
BUTLER, JAMES E.-Box 258, Ancon, C. Z.
BUTLER, THOS. JAMES-Last address, 109 S. Burdick Street, Kala-
mazoo, Mich.

BUTLER, WILLIAM H.-Electrician, Ancon, C. Z.
BUTTERS, CHARLES M.-Box 43, Cristobal.

CALDWELL, BERT W.-Physician, c/o U. S. Consul, Salonica, Greece.
CALLAHAN, WM. V.-Clerk, Accounting Department, Balboa Heights.
CALVERT, F. G.-243 Grand Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.
CALVIT, S. E.-Tool dresser, Balboa Shops, Box 18, Ancon. Arrived on the
Isthmus November 30, 1906; stationed at Gorgona until June 3, 1913. Family
of wife and four daughters and two sons arrived May 2, 1907. Three daughters
and both sons married in' Gorgona. We have now living on the Isthmus three
daughters, one son and eight grandchildren.
CANTWELL, MATTHEW D.-Last address, 902 E. 3d Street, Duluth, Minn.
CAPPERS, W. F.-Last address, Windsorville, Me.
CAPWELL, J. H.-Balboa, C. Z.
CARLSON, CLARENCE O.-Clerk, Balboa Heights, C. Z.
CARLSON, R. S.-Land Agent, Ancon, C. Z.
CARPENTER, MARCY H.-New Orleans, La. Lumber Inspector.
CARROLL, LON N.-Gamboa, C. Z.
CARSON, GEO. B.-Balboa Heights, C. Z.
CARTER, CHARLES H.-Electrician, 5 McDonough Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.
CARTER, WILLIAM-Pilot, c/o Port Captain, Balboa.
CARTWRIGHT, JOHN G.-Box 51; Cristobal.
CASEY, W. B.-General Foreman, East Breakwater, Cristobal.
CASSELL, GEO. H.-Box 96, Balboa.
CHAMBERLAIN, DANIEL T.-Last address, Shaw, Ore.
CHAMBERS, W. R.-173 Washington Street, Spokane, Wash.
CHESTER, W. C.-Locomotive engineer, c/o Roundhouse, Balboa. States
address, Tunnel Hill, Ga.
CHUTO, FRANK EDW.-Foreman, Municipal Engineering, Balboa.
CLARK, T. H.-Last address, 138 Poplar Street (Madison County),
Jackson, Tenn.
CLARKE, E. E.-Last address, 1846 Talbot Avenue, Indianapolis, Ind.
CLAUSE, FRED W.-Chief stenographer, B. F. Goodrich Company, 653
Grant Street, Akron, Ohio.
CLAYBOURN, VERNER M.-Craneman, Dipper Dredge Paraiso, Gaillard Cut,
Box 34, Pedro Miguel, C. Z.
CLEARY, J. W.-c/o Yardmaster, P. R. R., Ancon.
CLEMENT, CHARLES C.-Foreman, Municipal Engineering Division, Las
Cascadas, C. Z.
CLOSE, JOSEPH A.-c/o University Club, Ancon.
COFFEY, N. E.-Corozal, C. Z.
COLEGROVE, ALBERT M.-Clerk, Accounting Dept., Balboa Heights.
COLLINS, JOHN OWEN-Clerk, Balboa Heights. Office boy, Central Ameri-
can Printing Company.
COMBER, W. G.-Dredging Division. Paraiso, C. Z.
CONLAN, CHARLES P.-Balboa Heights.
CONNOLLY, MARTIN B.-Roadmaster, Panama Railroad, Balboa Heights.

CONNOR, M. E.-Physician, Superintendent, Medical Dept., Tela Railroad,
Tela, Honduras.
CONNORS, NEIL-Locomotive engineer, Panama Railroad, Cristobal.
CONSTANTINE, JOHN-Pilot, Cristobal.
COOK, R. R.-Machinist, Cristobal.
COOK, CHARLES B.-Planter, Orchid, Fla. Members of the Chagres Society
cruising in Florida (Indian River) are always welcome.
COOKE, TOM M.-Sharon, Pa.
COOPER, REV. EDWARD J.-Chaplain, Christ Church, By-the-Sea; Colon.
P. O. Box 330, Cristobal.
COOPER, WM. L.-Balboa.
CORNISH, FRANK L.-Box 157, Bogalusa, La.
CORNISH, LORENZO D.-15 West 108th Street, New York City.
CORRIGAN, PETER F.-General Foreman, Building Division, Cristobal.
CORRIGAN, JOHN P.-District Sanitary Inspector, Balboa. Address, Balboa
Heights. "Still on the job. Have recently had an addition to the family in the
shape of a bouncing boy (the fourth on the Isthmus), making nine in all. House
is getting too small, but cannot make the Chief Quartermaster believe it."
COSGROVE, JAMES-Cristobal, C. Z.
COTTON, ARTHUR E.-Balboa Heights. Returned (home) to the Isthmus,
August 14, 1915, and am happy and contented back among friends.
COTTON, FRANK-President and General Manager, Terrell Land and Devel-
opment Company, Rerdell, Fla.
CRABTREE, DR. GEO. H.-Major, Medical Corps, U. S. Army, Fort
Lawton, Wash.
CRADDOCK, JOHN C.-Clerk, Balboa Heights.
CRAFTS, CHARLES P.-Breckenridge, Ill. Mr. Crafts is with the Red Cross
Sanitary Commission in Serbia
CRAIG, JAMES G.-Ancon, C. Z.
CULBERTSON, X. W.-Cristobal, C. Z.
CUSTY, THOMAS-755 St. Johns Avenue, Lima, Ohio.

DALEY, JAMES-Deputy Collector of Revenues, Cristobal.
DALY, CHARLES C.-Locomotive engineer, Balboa.
DANIELS, JESSIE E.-Principal of Canal Zone High Schools, Balboa.
DAVIDSON, E. H.-c/o E. M. Kyte, 337 Windsor Street, Hartford, Conn.
DAVIES, E. D.-Pump operator, Mount Hope.
DAVIES, R: M.-Balboa Heights.
DAVIS, EDWARD-Supervisor of Dredging, Paraiso, C. Z.
DAVIS, JOHN R.-53 Hill Street, New Bedford, Mass.
DAVOLL, CHARLES E.-Madison, S. Dak.
DAWSON, A. J.-Last address, Hicksville, Ohio.
DECKER, ELIZABETH-In charge of Operating Room, Santo Tomas Hospital.
Address, Box 241, Ancon.
DEEMS, ERNEST A.-Last address, Noas Island, C. Z.
DEGRUMMOND, J. R.-Commissary Accountant, Accounting Dept., Box 243,
Balboa Heights.

DELANO, FRED E.-Farmer, Monroe, Okla.
DE LA VERGNE, J. C.-c/o Baronial Hotel, Nazareth, Pa. (Home address,
Esperance, Schoharie Co., N. Y.)
DENEEN, J.-Balboa, C. Z.
DENNIS, DURWARD W.-Box 136, Cristobal.
DEWLING, ANDREW W.-Cristobal, C. Z.
DIBOWSKI, CHARLES J.-30 Oak Street, Covington, Ky.
DICKINSON, WM. E.-Blacksmith for the Llamo del Rio Co-operative Colony,
and I own my job. We are one hundred per cent Socialistic in this colony and
things look bright.
DILLON, V. C.-Gatun, C. Z.
DOHRMANN, HENRY W.-Clerk, Accounting Division of the Auditor's Office,
Panama Canal, Balboa Heights.
DONALDSON, WM. J.-Last address, Bellaire, Texas.
DONAHOE, TIM J.-Ancon, C. Z.
DOVELL, J. P.-Box 79, Cristobal.
DRAKE, T. M.-Clerk, office of the Anditor, Panama Canal, Balboa Heights.
DUCKWORTH, G. E.-DeGraff, Ohio.
DUCKWORTH, J. T.-Cristobal.
DUEY, C. W.-Lock Master, Gatun Locks, Gatun.
DUEY, W. J.-Box 182, Ancon.
DUNCAN, SAMUEL-Engineer, Dipper Dredge, Pedro Miguel.,
DURFEE, O. S.-Gatun, C. Z.
DUTROW, HOWARD V.-Physician, practice limited to eye, ear, nose and
throat. Am thoroughly satisfied with my present location, practice, etc., in every
particular. I should like very much to return to the Canal Zone for a short
visit only. 922 Reibold Building, Dayton, Ohio.

EARHART, TROY W.-Physician, Chief of Surgical Clinic, Ancon Hospital,
EASON, JOHN J.-Assistant Superintendent, Mechanical Division, Balboa,
C. Z. December to March, 1916, in Washington as representative of civilian
employees for similar reward as granted generally to officers of Army, Navy
and Marine Hospital Service.
EBERENZ, ALEXANDER-Box 63, Cristobal.
EDEN, HERBERT L.-Box 91, Cristobal.
EDHOLM, KARL-Master of Suction Dredge No. 83, Dock 13, Cristobal.
EDWARDS, D. T.-Gentleman of leisure, Versailles, Ky. I intend to go to
the Philippine Islands about the 15th of September.
EGGLESTON, ORLANDO W.-9 Balding Avenue, Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
EIDNIER, B. F.-Balboa, C. Z.
EKEDAHL, OLAF-Custodian, Culebra, C. Z.
ELLERBE, J. C.-Summerville, S. C.
EMERY, WALTER-Box 129, Ancon.
ENGLANDER, MAX-Locomotive engineer, P. R. R., Balboa.
ENO, HARRY-Physician, Samaritan Hospital, Colon, Cristobal.

ENSEY, C. R.-Last address, Starke, Bradford Co., Fla.
ERSKINE, WILLIAM A.-124 West Alameda, Denver, Col.
SEWING, ORA M.-Ancon, C. Z.

FAIRBANKS, HELEN G.-39 Howard Street, Natick, Mass.
FALKNER, WM. H.-Locomotive engineer, Balboa.
FALKNER, GEORGE E.-Conductor, P. R. R., Ancon.
FARISH, H. S.-Pontiac Drop Forge Co., Pontiac, Mich.
FARMER, ALFRED G.-Physician, 5 Park Place, Athens, Ohio. Canal
Service: August 21, 1905, to May 31, 1915.
FARRELL, WM. H.-Balboa.
FAURE, AD.-Chief Accountant, Auditor's Office, Balboa Heights.
FECHTIG, E. M.-Executive Department, Balboa Heights.
FELD, FREDERICK A.-1825 First Avenue, Birmingham, Ala.
FERBER, LOUISE A.-68 Broadway, Taunton, Mass.
FEREBEE, F. B.-15 Mystic Street, E. Sommerville, Mass.
FERGUSON, HARRY LEE-Foreman, Cristobal, C. Z. States address,
Biloxi, Mass.
FEY, WILLIAM L.-Supervisor, Electrical Division, Balboa.
FINCH, ERNEST V. L.-c/o Commission for Relief in Belgium, 120 Broadway,
New York City.
FISHER, ALLEN D.-321 W. Washington Street, Greenville, Mich.
FLEISCHMAN, ISAAC H.-Returned to Isthmus, Balboa Heights.
FLOYD, FRANK-c/o Strangers' Club, Cristobal.
FORMAN, J. C.-615 West First Street, Fort Worth, Texas.
FORTNEY, CAMDEN P.-10 Grow Avenue, Montrose, Pa.
FOSTER, ELMO M.-Clerk, Accounting Department, Balboa Heights.
FOX, MAURICE W.-Resigned August 8, 1915. 430 Cass Avenue,
Detroit, Mich.
FRENCH, MARVIN L.-Box 322, Balboa Heights.
FRENCH, R. V., Jr.-Order Clerk, Office of the Depot Commissary Cristobal.
FROST, MRS. JULIA M.-Clerk, Postoffice, Cristobal.

GAEB, HARRY J.-Machinist, Mechanical Division, Balboa.
GALLAGHER, HARRY J.-263 W. 23d Street, New York City.
GALLAGHER, WM. P.-Municipal Engineering Division, Empire.
GALLIHER, EDWARD L.-Ancon, C. Z. Superintendent, Building Division,
Corozal-Gamboa District. Employed on the Isthmus, went to work as journeyman
carpenter January 26, 1906. I have worked continuously since that time as
Carpenter Foreman, General Foreman and Superintendent. Had charge of the
construction of the Darien Radio Station for the Quartermaster's Department.
GANNON, HARRY F.-Locomotive engineer, P. R. R. Balboa Heights.
GANSER, JOHN C.-c/o "Caribbean," Cristobal.

GARRISON, EDGAR S.-Horconcitos, Prov. of Chiriqui, R. de P.
GEROW, WILLIAM-230 West 95th Street, New York City. I am not
working at present. Nothing of interest to state except that I am enjoying good
GEDDES, ALBERT H.-Fresno, Dept. of Tolima, Colombia.
GEDDES, C. R.-Bartow, Fla.
GIBSON, JOHN K.-140 Wildwood Avenue, East Lansdowne, Pa.
GILBERT, JAMES J.-Greenville, N. C.
GILBERT, WM.-59 Courthouse Place, Jersey City, N. J.
GILKEY, LLOYD L.-Balboa Heights.
GILMORE, C. E.-"Clover Hill," Marlboro, Mass.
GLAW, R. W.-Assistant Paymaster, Balboa Heights, C. Z.
GOETHALS, GEORGE W.-Major-General, U. S. A., Governor of the Canal
Zone, Balboa Heights.
GOLDSMITH, EDWIN F. J.-Box 41, Ancon, C. Z.
GORGAS, W. C.-Surgeon-General, Surgeon-General's Office, War Department,
Washington, D. C.
GORHAM, F. L.-Last address, Waverly, Mass.
GORHAM, LUZELLA G.-Last address, Waverly, Mass.
GRAFF, JACOB-Naos Island, C.'Z.
GRAHAM, WM. F.-Ancon, C. Z.
GREELEY, H. L.-961 River Street, Hyde Park, Mass.
GREEN, W. H.-General Foreman, c/o H. D. Hinman, Balboa.
GREENE, FRANK E.-Balboa Heights.
GRIER, SAMUEL, Jr.-Balboa Heights.
GRIGGS, ALBERT C.-Last address, 150 Nassau Street, New York City.
GRINDER, JOSEPH B.-Last address, 319 Seventh Street N.E., Washing-
ton, D. C.
GRISSOM, J. T.-Pay Clerk, Paymaster's Office, Panama Canal, Balboa
Heights, C. Z. States address, 1217 College Street, Bowling Green, Ky.
GROVE, BLANCHE-Ancon Hospital, Ancon.
GROVER, EDGAR L.-Foreman, Floating Piledriver, Cristobal.
GROVES, RICHARD B.-Returned to Isthmus, Storeekeper, Obsolete Store,
Supply Department, Mt. Hope. Address, Cristobal.
GUDERIAN, FREDERICK-Internal Revenue Bureau, Treasury Department,
Washington, D. C.
GUDGER, HON. H. A.-Asheville, Buncombe Co., N. C.
GURNETT, MICHAEL T.-Correspondence Bureau, Balboa Heights.
GUSTAVSON, G. E.-Box 229, Ancon.

HALDEMAN, EZRA P.-Passenger coach repairer, P. R. R., Balboa.
HALLORAN, GEO. B.-Balboa Heights.
HAMILTON, C. J.-Ancon.
HAMMOND, ROBERT S.-Balboa Heights.
HARRIS, CHARLES H.-Changuinola Junction, Bocas del Toro, R. de P.
HARRISON, T. WILLIAM-Machinist, Box 215, Balboa.


HARROD-Balboa, C. Z.
HART, HENRY A.-315 6th Avenue, Asbury Park, N. J.
HARWOOD, ROBERT-Box 219, Ancon.
HATHAWAY, MILTON S.-Balboa Heights.
HARTLEY, EDWIN B.-c/o Public Utilities Commission, Washington, D. C.
HARVEY, R. J.-Farmer, Martel, Tenn.
HAYES, HARRY S.-Physician, Whitehouse, Ohio.
HAYNES, JOHN N.-R. F. D. No. 3, Tampa, Fla., last address.
HEALD, S. W.-Master of Transportation, Panama Railroad, Balboa Heights.
HEHN, MARY-Nurse, Montgomery, N. Y.
HEINRICH, AMANDUS-Last address, 913 Pearl River Avenue, McComb, Miss.
HELMER, J. H.-Claim Officer, Balboa Heights.
HENNEN, LAWRENCE W.-Machinist, Balboa.
HERMAN, A. O.-General Foreman, Car and Wood Department, Mechanical
Division, Balboa Shops. Address, Balboa Heights.
HERRICK, ALFRED B.-Physician, Ancon, C. Z.
HESLOP-Conductor, Panama Canal, Cristobal. Formerly employed as con-
ductor on several Western railroads, including the Northern Pacific, Southern
Pacific, Santa F6, Denver & Rio Grande in the United States; the White Pass &
Yukon in Alaska; the Mexican Central, Mexican National, Tehauntepec National
& Vera Cruz & Pacific railways in Mexico; worked in Guatamala and Honduras,
on the Guayaquil & Quito in Ecuador; also on the Cerro de Pasco in Peru. Was
in one of the first crews employed on the Lucin cutoff across Salt Lake. I am
getting pretty weary of the land of perpetual sunshine and long for the dear old
West once more.
HINMAN, HERBERT D.-Assistant Engineer, Terminal Construction, Balboa
HILLS, FRED C.-Box 284, Ancon.
HIRSCH, FLOYD S.-Balboa Heights.
HOBBY, WILLIAM R.-Agent, Department of Public Works, Island of
Hawaii, T. H. Hilo.
HOFFMAN, CARL P.-Clerk, Accounting Department, Balboa Heights.
HOLDEN, GEO.-Clerk, Balboa Heights.
HOLLIDAY, MARY-Colon Hospital, Cristobal.
HOLLOWELL, FRED-Conductor, P. R. R., Balboa.
HOSTETTER, H. O.-Clerk, Balboa Heights.
HOSTETTER, MORRIS B.-Balboa Heights.
HOWARD, R. C.-Greenville, Texas.
HOWE, HERBERT H.-Box 11, Ancon.
HOYT, P. G.-Cashier, Panama Railroad Company, 24 State Street, New
York City.
HUGHES, WM. E.-Box 148, Cristobal.
HULL, WM. G.-Car Inspector, Ancon. States address, 42 Linwood Place,
East Orange, N. J.
HUMMER, C. D.-Balboa, C. Z.
HUMPHREY, J. H. K.-District Quartermaster, Cristobal.
HUMPHREYS, JAMES T.-Last address, Knifly, Ky.
HUNT, J. ST. C.-Last address, c/o E. C. Hunt, 629 W. 138th Street, New
York City.


ILLIA, JOHN D.-Last address, c/o Hibernia Savings Bank, San Francisco, Cal.

JACKSON, J. J.-U. S. Requisition Clerk, Supply Department, Balboa Heights.
JAMES, WILLIAM M.-Physician, Ancon, C. Z.
JENKINS, BEN-1212 Ashland Block, Chicago, Ill. Court Reporter. I am
employed with the Reporting Agency that has the contract for all court reporting
of the City of Chicago. During the 1915 session of the Illinois State Legislature
I was one of the staff of reporters reporting debates of the House.
JERNEGAN, W. G.-Greenville, N. C.
JOHANNES, GUY-Inspector, Zone Police, Ancon.
JOHN, WM. W.-Balboa, C. Z.
JOHNSON, F. E.-Box 163, Gatun.
JOHNSON, M. W.-Cristobal, C. Z.
JOHNSON, NELSON R.-Cristobal, C. Z.
JONES, ANNIE L.-Ancon Hospital, Ancon.
JONES, GEO. A.-Foreman, Balboa, C. Z. Wife 'died in New York City
October, 1914; also sister-in-law, Mrs. J. S. Marsh, of Culebra and Gatun,
January, 1915.
JORDAN, T. M.-Cristobal.
JORDAN, JOHN P.-Haymarket, Va., last address.
JULIEN, CLARKE-Foreman of Pattern Shop, Balboa.
JURY, FRANK J.-Foreman Carpenter, Building Division, Department Oper-
ation and Maintenance. Service continuous since June 15, 1906. Address,
JUSSEN, A. S.-c/o Luckenbach Steamship Co., New York City.

KANE, JOHN H.-Balboa, C. Z.
KEEFE, JOHN H.-Local Purchasing Agent, Commissary Branch, Supply
Department, Ancon. Since about the 1st of October he has been in Costa Rica
purchasing fresh fruits and vegetables for the Commissary.
KEELING, E. A.-Paymaster, Cristobal.
KEENE, CHAS. B.-Foreman, laundry, Cristobal.
KELLER, JOHN C.-Last address, Union, Mo.
KEMP, JAMES, Sr.-Box 201, Balboa, C. Z.
KENEALY, PATRICK F.-826 W. 59th Street, Los Angeles, Cal.
KENNEDY, ARCHIE-417 Sandusky Street, Toledo, Ohio.
KENNEDY, ARTHUR W.-Captain, Canal Zone Police, Cristobal.
KERR, J. L.-Watch Inspector, Cristobal.
KIERNAN, J. C.-Clerk, Balboa Heights.
KILMURRAY, W. J.-334 East Water Street, Lock Haven, Pa.
KING, JOHN M.-Balboa Heights, Asst. District Quartermaster.
KING, C. J.-Local Freight Agent, Cristobal.
KIRK, GEO. E.-Steam shovel engineer, Northern Railway, c/o M. M. Marsh,
Siquirres, Costa Rica.

KITTELL, JULIUS C.-Last address, Trujillio, Honduras. States address,
95 Central Avenue, Newark, N. J.
KOERNER, CHARLES F.-Balboa Heights.
KORSAN, A.-Clerk, Personnel Bureau, Balboa Heights.
KRATLI, JOHN O.-Last letter from Darien, Mo.
KRATZ, ARTHUR B.-General Foreman, Chagres River Sand and Gravel
Plant. Employed September, 1906, as a Levelman, Mear's Locating Party, Lion
Hill. Transferred to Telegraph and Telephone Department May, 1907. Super-
intendent Telegraph' and Telephone, 1910. Electrical Inspector, 1912. In
charge of the Chagres River Sand and Gravel Plant, January, 1914, to
present time.
KYTE, E. M.-Secretary, 220 Vine Street, Hartford, Conn.
KYTE, J. P.-Building Contractor, Framingham, Mass.

LANDERS, J. W.-Dredging Division. P. O. address, Pedro Miguel.
LARCOM, B. L.-Box 343, Cristobal.
LA ROCK, JOHN-2052 Walnut Street, Chicago, Ill.
LARSON, LEANDER-Inspector, Health Department, Cristobal.
LAUNGLIN, R. E.-Ancon.
LAWLOR, WM. A.-Cable clerk, Balboa Heights.
LAWRENCE, WILBUR S.-Clerk, Accounting Department, Balboa Heights.
LEASON, HARRY-Building Division, Ancon.
LEE, E. E.-Apt. N, Stratford, Evansville, Ind.
LEONARD, EDWARD-Balboa Heights (left Isthmus). States address, 253
West 23d Street, New York City.
LEWIS, FITZ J.-Last address, 517 South Boyle Avenue, Los Angeles, Cal.
LEWIS, CHARLES L.-Alexander, Ark.
LEWIS, CLIFFORD C.-Carpenter, Balboa.
LINGLE, GEO. S.-Ancon.
LIPSEY, T. E. L.-U. S. Assistant Engineer, Engineer Department, 325
Custom House, New Orleans, La.
LOHMAN, CHARLES H.-381 Halsey Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.
LOTZ, HENRY W.-1729 Indiana Avenue, Connersville, Ind. Proprietor of
the Connersville News Agency. "I have been in the newspaper business ever
since leaving the Zone. I am making good in my new venture and I hope that
all the members will fare as well when they come back to the good old United
States. If there is anything in this envelope you can use to fill in on Year Book,
use it."
LOULAN, JAMES A.-Last address, Nashau Mills, Ottawa Co., Province of
LOULAN, JOHN T.-Foreman, Terminal Construction, Gatun, C. Z.
LOWE, GEORGE-Blacksmith, entered the service in May, 1906. Missourian
by birth, Texan by adoption. Address, Balboa.
LUCHESI, A. P.-Box 141, Ancon.
LUCKEY, JOHN J.-Clerk, Accounting Department, Box 201, Balboa Heights.
LUCE, R. H.-Cristobal.

LEUDTKE, C. L.-Chief, Correspondence Bureau, Balboa Heights.
LUNDISHEF, ALEX. A.-Box 82, Paraiso.
LUPFER, C. M.-Balboa Heights.

MACCORMACK, D. W.-Inspector of Commissaries, Ancon.
MACK, FRANK-In charge of machinery, Coaling Plant, Box 28, Cristobal.
MACKERETH, ADELAIDE P.-Ancon Hospital, Ancon:
MACKINTOSH, JOSEPH-Plumber and steamfitter, 1872 Madison Street,
Brooklyn, N. Y.
MACPHERSON, GEORGE W.-Whistler, Ala., last address.
MACQUEEN, P. O.-Cristobal, C. Z., employed November, 1908. States
address, Washington, D. C.
MACRAE, L. M.-161 E. Fourth Street, Oswego, N. Y.
MAHONEY, PATRICK J.-Last address, 68 Warren Avenue, Woburn, Mass.
MAJOR, JOHN I.-Last address, Hendrysburg, Ohio.
MALIA, JOHN T.-Last address, Box 78, Thompsonville, Conn.
MALSBURY, O. E.-Assistant Engineer, Balboa Heights.
MANTOOTH, ANDERSON-Left Isthmus. Friona, Texas.
MARSH, WM. H.-Box 202, Cristobal.
MARSHALL, C. B.-Mach.nist, Balboa Heights.
MARTIN, WM. A.-Collector, P. R. R., Box 192, Cristobal.
MASON, A. P.-In Guatemala.
MAY, WM. HOWARD-Marshal of the Canal Zone, Ancon.
McCALLY, HOMER W.-R. F. D. No. 1, Bellefontaine, Ohio.
McCANN, W. E.-Millersburg, Ind.
McCARTHY, J. S--Cristobal, C. Z.
McCOIN, O. E.-Last address, Winston-Salem, N. C.
McCOLLOUGH, D. H.-Southern Mfg. Club, Charlotte, N. C.
McCORD, JOHN E.-East Bradford, Pa.
McCORMACK, WM. T.-Ancon, C. Z.
McGRAY, GRACE E.-School teacher, Ancon.
McCULLOCH-Corozal, C. Z.
McDONALD, D. E.-Cashier, Accounting Department, Ancon Hospital, Ancon.
McELROY, A. D.-Steamship Ticket Agent, Panama Railroad Steamship Line,
McGIMSEY, J. W.-Clerk, Cristobal, C. Z. Address in the United States, 220
*Euclid Avenue, Inmann Park, Atlanta, Ga., c/o Wm. P. Walthall.
McGOWN, A.-Last address, 1013 W. 6th Street, Oakland, Cal.
McGUIGAN, J. J.-Ancon Hospital, Ancon. (Returned to Isthmus.)
McILVAINE, C. A.-Executive Secretary, Panama Canal, Balboa Heights.
McKEEVER, BERNARD E.-Commissary Branch, Supply Department, Office
of the Depot Commissary, Cristobal.
McKENNA, R. M.-Clerk, Balboa Heights.
McLEAN, JOHN H.-Paymaster, Panama Canal, Balboa Heights.


SMcMAHON, JOHN C.-Balboa, C. Z.
McNAMARA, GORDON G.-Cresco, Iowa.
McNUTT, EDWARD E.-R. F. D. No. 5, Box 44, Ballston Spa, N. Y.
McROBERT, WM. W.-1580 Jefferson Street, Buffalo, N. Y.
MEAD, J. P.-No change since previous book was issued. Clerk, Interstate
Commerce Commission, 1315 F Street N.W., Washington, D. C.
MEALER, CHAS. L.-Spring City, Tenn.
MEECH, MARIETTA L.-Nurse, Ancon Hospital, Ancon.
MEEHAN,,J. J.-25 Sheldon Street, Wilkes-Barre, Pa.
MELGORD, JULIUS J.-Clerk, Balboa Heights.
METCALF, C. C.-Banking business, 708 Black Street, Silver City, N. Mex.
MIDDLETON, N. B.-Foreman, Supply Department, Cristobal.
MILLER, ALBERT F.-c/o Mechanical Division, Balboa.
MITCHEL, EDWARD WALDO-Sanitary Inspector, Headquarters, U. S.
Troops, Canal Zone. Have been here since last December. Both your letters
mailed to my home in Philadelphia received. Address; Box 376, Ancon, C. Z.
MITCHELL, EARLE C.-Cristobal, C. Z.
MITCHIELL, CHARLES D.-Last address, Roseburg, Ore.
MOFFAT, DAVID H.-Foreman, Electrical Division. Address, Ancon.
MOHR, G. E.-3120 Ruckle Street, Indianapolis, Ind.
MONTGOMERY, JAMES M.-Employed with the Union-Metallic Cartridge
Company, Bridgeport, Conn.
MOORE, EDWARD-Sault Ste. Marie, Mich., last address.
SMORAN, WM. A.-14 Riberole Street, Wellsboro, Pa., last address.
MORAN, JOHN J.-Resigned from the service. LaCroisade Jewelry Store,
Panama City.
MORENY, VINCENT-Returned to Isthmus, now stationed at Cristobal.
MORIARTY, JOHN H.-178 Walden Avenue, Buffalo, N. Y. Superintendent,
the Iroquois Iron Works.
MORLEY, J. FRANK-Ancon, conductor.
MORRIS, ROBERT K.-Storekeeper, Balboa. Stores, Balboa.
MORRISON, W. F.-Balboa, C. Z.
MORTON, FREDERICK E.-Postal Clerk, Balboa, C. Z. Born 1882, Winni-
peg, Canada. Residence previous to Canal service, Tacoma, Wash. Length of
said residence, 20 years. President address, Portland, Ore.
MULLIN, JOHN W.-Last address, Avenue A, Lawton, Okla.
MURPHY. ZAN-Locomotive engineer. Balboa. C. Z.
MURPHY, ROBERT E.-Casilla 1141, Lima, Peru. Auditor, Singer Sewing
Machine Company, Northern Peru and Ecuador.
Dear Baxter:-Don't form any visions of auditing a la Stark or Warwick. I
put my typewriter in my vest pocket and a change of socks and underwear
in my saddle bags and go to it. I have just come back from a twenty-one-day
trip on the quarter deck of a mule, into the interior of Peru. I sometimes sleep
on the floor, sometimes on a table, and sometimes in an adobe bed (which is not
as bad as it sounds). I am introduced in the homes of the simple-minded Indios
as the "dueno de las maquinas." The same simple-minded Indios can think of
more perfectly good excuses for not paying their just obligations than you can
find in the personnel records of the Governor's office, and there is no Colonel to
say "pay or go."

I embark tomorrow in the Panama steamer for the next port north, Pacasmayo,
which is six hours away. Then another trip into the interior to Cajamarca.
When I get to Quito I go back to Lima and then start over again.
I run across an ex-Canal digger in Lima occasionally, as there are several
employed in Cerro de Pasco. M. L. Robb, whom most of the old crowd will
remember, is employed as storekeeper for the Cerro de Pasco Railroad in Lima.
I trust this will reach you in time for the Year Book. but as your letter just
reached me on the last steamer, this is the best I can do. With best wishes to
all the members of the Society, I am, Yours truly,
Trujillo, September 30, 1915. ROBERT E. MURPHY.
MURRAY, JAMES H.-Box 104, Cristobal.
MURRAY, JOHN J.-Paraiso, C. Z.

NAEGELE, FERDINAND-315 Front Street, Lake Charles, La.
NELSON, CLYDE A.-Supervisor, Terminal Docks, Cristobal, Box 261.
NEWBOLD, GEO. W. K.-Clerk, Balboa Heights.
NEWCOMB, HOWARD S.-Superintendent, laundry, Cristobal. States address,
Congress Heights, Washington, D. C.
NEWELL, HENRY F.-Bradford, Pa.
NICHOLS, A. B.-3221 Race Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
NIELSEN, C. L.-Building Division, Balboa.
NINAS, GEO. A.-1420 Jefferson Street, Kansas City, Mo.
NOLAND, LLOYD-Physician, Brown Marx Building, Birmingham, Ala.
NORTHROP, CHARLES W., Jr.-Box 297, Ancon.
NUNN, NUMA-Cristobal, C. Z.
NUPP, WARREN-Passenger Engineer Inspector, B. & 0., 305 Renova Street,
Pittsburgh, Pa.

OBARRIO, PEDRO DE-Consul-General of Costa Rica. Eye, ear, nose and
throat specialist. Address, 240 Stockston Street, San Francisco, Cal.
O'BRIEN, THOMAS-5403 Ninth Street N.W., Washington, D. C.
OLSON, BIRGER F.-Clerk, Board of Health Laboratory, Ancon. Since the
last reunion, the family has been increased by the arrival of Carl Kenneth,
April 24, 1915. Like most all babies he is very intelligent.
O'NEAL, LUCIUS A.-Hartwell, Ga.
ORENSTEIN, A. J., Dr.-Box 1056, Johannesburg, South Africa.
OTIS, HARRY W.-Balboa Heights.
OWENS, CHARLES T.-1830 St. Paul Street, Baltimore, Md.
OWENS, JOHN-Terminal Construction, Balboa.

PALMER, E. W.-Chief Timekeeper, the Panama Canal, Balboa Heights.
PALMER, GEO. W. A.-5416 Rising Sun Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa.
PARKER, CHARLES L.-Surveying Officer, Balboa Heights.
PARKER, CHARLES-1920 First Street N.E., Washington, D. C.
PARMETER, FRANK S.-Box 5, Cristobal. Stenographer to Captain of
the Port.
PATHEIER, JOHN A.-Box 161, Balboa Heights. Vault Clerk. Entered
Canal service November 18, 1907.
PATTERSON, A. C.-Cristobal, C. Z.

PAYNE, WILLIAM H.-c/o Interurban Annex, Fostoria, Ohio.
PEARSON, HERBERT-Chief, Bureau of General Inspection, Accounting
Department, Balboa Heights. Last Year Book gave my occupation as conductor,
address Corozal. Both were in error.
PEHLER, IDA R. W.-Winona, Minn.
PENDER, W. I.-Deputy Inspector of Hulls and Boilers, Board of Local
Inspectors, Ancon.
PENDRY, CHAS. A.-Locomotive engineer, Balboa.
PENNELL, GEO. B.-Last address, Radersburg, Broadwater Co., Mont.
PERRY, J. C.-U. S. Public Health Service, Washington, D. C., Senior
Surgeon. Regret I cannot write an article for the Year Book.
PERRY, WALTER L. G.-Hydrographic Office, Washington, D. C.
PERRY. WILBUR S.-Conductor, P. R. R., Cristobal.
PERSONS, CHAS. L.-Clerk, Municipal Engineering Division, Ancon, C. Z.
PETERSON, JULIUS M.-Box 75, Balboa, C. Z.
PETERSON, WALTER-Ironworker, Box 337, Cristobal.
PHILLIPS, COL. JOHN L.-Union-Metallic Cartridge Company, Bridge-
port, Conn.
PICKEL, OSCAR C.-Sanitary Inspector, Chuquicamata, Chile.
PICKETT, IRA W.-Ancon, C. Z.
PIERCE, CLAUDE C.-Senior. Surgeon, U. S. Public Health Service. In
charge of field operations in California.. "I am still in charge of the Service
Exhibit at the Exposition and am Chief Sanitary Officer at the Exposition. Some
jobs, Huh? I will be located iri San Francisco (not 'Frisco) after the Fair is
over, and the present' gay social whirl has quieted down." Address, 111 New
Montgomery Street, San Francisco, Cal.
PIERSON, GLEN H.-Washington, D. C.
POOLE, BERNELL C.-Inspector, Supply Department, Balboa Heights.
POTTER, RUSSELL B.-177 Brunswicke Avenue, Trenton, N. J.
POTTS, FREDERICK A.-Assistant Engineer, Railroad Commission of Wis-
consin. 2211 Cedar Street, Milwaukee, Wis.
POTTS, ISAAC R.-Plumber, 58 Pepper Street, Pasadena, Cal.
POTTS, S. C.-Cristobal, C. Z.
PRIAL, MARY-Nurse, Tela Hospital, Tela, Honduras.
PRICE, H.-Box 115, Ancon, C. Z.
PRICE, E. E.-Almeda, Texas.
PRING, CLYDE E.-Boiler Inspector, Cristobal.

QUINBY, BENJ. C.-Ancon, C. Z.
QUINN, P. J.-General ironworker, Ancon, C. Z.

RABBITT, DAVID F.-Canal Zone Bank, Panama, R. de P.
RAIFORD, ANDREW L.-Senior Inspector, Ancon.
RALL, EMIL J.-Clerk, Health Department, Ancon.
RANDALL, ORTEZ G.-702 81st Street, North, Seattle, Wash.
RAYMOND, FRANK-Box 69, Cristobal.

REBBEKE, E. A.-Chief Draftsman, Mechanical Division, Panama Canal,
employed by the Isthinian Canal Commission July 18; 1907. Address, Balboa, C. Z.
REED, EDWARD L.-7824 So. Broadway, St. Louis, Mo.
REEDER, DINNIS F.-Physician, Ancon Hospital, Ancon. Chief of Eye and
Ear Clinic. November, 1915, to March; 1915, "bonus" member of P. C. E. A.
Committee, Washington, D.: C.
REESE, JOHN L.-Ancon, C. Z.
REID, HOWARD M.-Punta Gorda, Fla. "Contractor, drainage canals, road
building, clearing lands and pile driving. Up-to-date equipment and will under-
take either large or small projects. Have successfully completed three good-sized
contracts in the year since leaving the Isthmus."
REIDY, J. J.-Chief Plumbing Inspector, Ancon, C. Z.
RICHMOND; JOHN-Machinist, Mechanical Department, Cristobal.
ROBERTS, RALPH W.-1523 Sacramento Street, San Francisco, Cal. Gov-
ernment Agent. After January 1, 1916, address will be c/o Dr. T. Roberts,
Saint Charles, Iowa.
ROBERTSON, WILLIAM T.-Recorder, Lock Operations, Pedro Miguel.
States address, Mascotte, Fla.
ROBINSON, A. L.-Consulting engineer, Barber Asphalt Co., 1900 Land
Title Building, Philadelphia, Pa.
ROBINSON, RENNIE R.-829 Jackson Street, North Topeka, Kans.
ROUDABUSH, ROBERT M.-Clerk, Accounting Department, Balboa Heights.
ROUNSEVELL, GUY K.-Accountant. Balboa Heights.
ROWE, HARTLEY-Electrical Superintendent, Panama Canal, Balboa
Heights, C. Z.
RUCH, OMAR J.-Ancon, C. Z.
RUGGLES; GEO. H.-Lansford, Pa., last address.
RUSSELL, WM. G.-Steam shovel engineer, Cristobal, Box 23.

SALA, F. L.-Balboa, C. Z.
SARTOR, RALPH H.-Assistant Engineer, Panama Railroad Co., Balboa
Heights, C. Z.
SARVEY, WESLEY M.-Locomotive engineer, Balboa, C. Z. "I was hired
in the States in the year of 1906 to help complete the Great Big Ditch, and now
it is all completed except Contractors' and Gold Hills, and they are both still
sliding into the Canal."
SASSE, DAVID T.-Boquete, R. de P. Planting coffee. "I am doing some
electrical and mechanical work on the plantations here. Have installed a hydro-
electric plant on one of the largest."
SCHEETS, L. G.-Balboa Heights, C. Z.
SCHILDHAUER, EDWARD-c/o Engineers' Club, 32 W. 40th Street, New
York City.
SCHWALENBERG, M. A.-Box 138, Paraiso, C. Z.
SELBY, F. PAYNE-609 G Street N.W., Washington, D. C.
SESSIONS, A. C.-Last address, United Fruit Co., Bocal del Toro, R. de P.
SHADY, R. D.-Acting Local Buyer, Ancon, C. Z.
SHAW, CHARLES A.-Cristobal, C. Z.
SHEARER, G. G.-Balboa, C. Z. General Foreman, Mechanical Division.
Assistant Superintendent (Acting) in absence of Mr. J. J. Eason.


SHEIBLEY, F. H.-Ancon, C. Z.
SHIPLEY, WILLIAM F.-Last address, 179 Prince George Street,
Annapolis, Md.
SIBERT, LIEUT.-COL WILLIAM L.-c/o Adjutant-General, Washington, D. C.
SIGGINS, MICHAEL-Box 807, Ancon.
SILER, JOHN E.-Chief Clerk, Dredging Division, Paraiso.
SILL, F. DE V.-Admeasurer of Vessels, c/o Port Captain, Balboa, C. Z.
SIMKINS, A. B.-Conductor, P. R. R., Colon, c/o Strangers' Club. P. O.,
SIMMONS, CLINTON O.-Box 86, Balboa. Since November 18, 1915,
Chairman of P. C. E. A. Committee in Washington, to secure similar reward
for civilians as accorded military men for service on the Panama Canal and to
maintain adequate wage scales and favorable working conditions.
SIMS, ELI-Jupiter, Fla. Lect Isthmus.
SINE, ELWOOD P.-Deputy Collector, Cristobal, C. Z.
SLATER, ARTHUR A.-Dredging Division, Pedro Miguel, C. Z.
SMALLWOOD, THOMAS H.-Smallwood Brothers, automobiles, Box 249,
Ancon, C. Z.
SMITH, DREW E.-Cristobal, C. Z.
SMITH, H. C.-Fulton, Ill.
SMITH, J. M.-Fortifications, Box 12, Balboa Heights.
SMITH, LEROY-Foreman of Foundry, Mechanical Division, Balboa, C. Z.
SMITH, JULIAN C.-Tuskogee, Ala., last address.
SMITH, THOMAS H.-316 W. 29th Street, Baltimore, Md.
SNEDEKER, CARTIE C.-Supervisor, East Breakwater, Cristobal, C. Z.
SNEDIKER, R. E.-Master, Dredge No. 83. "This is only temporary-I have
been acting while the Masters go on leave." Address, Balboa.
SNYDER, ADAM F.-Died July 5, 1915.
SONNEMAN, OTTO F.-c/o The Depot Commissary, Cristobal.
SPALDING, W. J.-Balboa Heights, Municipal Engineering.
SPEICHER, JOHN-Balboa Heights.
SPENCER, ALFRED E.-385 Valley Road, West Orange, N. J.
SPICER, GEO. E.-Pedro Miguel, C. Z.
STANTON, F. C.-Greenville, Miss.
START, ARTHUR E.-2440 J Street, San Diego, Cal., c/o Wm. M. Start.
ST. CLAIR, DAN-1201 10th Street, Miami, Fla. "With Geo. Sikes & Com-
pany, who have a $3,000,000 contract here. I am in charge of the electric
conduit work."
STEPHENS, WALTER E.-Balboa Stores, Balboa.
STEVENS, FLETCHER-Box 292, Ciistobal.
STEVENS, MASTERS B.-Secretary to the Governor, Panama Canal, Balboa
Heights, C. Z.
STEVENSON, JESSE H.-Clerk, Balboa Heights, C. Z.
STEWART, ARTHUR B.-Patternmaker, Balboa, C. Z.
STEWART, F. F.-Box 147, Cristobal.

STEWART, W. B.-Paraiso, C. Z.
STOCCHINI, T. F.-Balboa Heights, C. Z.
STODDARD, RICHARD J.-Cutter and welder, Mechanical Division, Balboa,
C. Z. P. 0., Ancon, C. Z.
STODDARD, CHARLES-449 South State Street, Elgin, Ill.
STOEHR, GEORGE P.-1431 College Avenue, Terre Haute, Ind.
STOLBERG, ERNEST W.-2969 West Grand Boulevard, Detroit, Mich.
STOLLMACK, A. J.-Balboa, C. Z.
STONE, HUGH J.-Boiler Inspector, Mechanical Division, Box 214, Ancon, C. Z.
STONE, A. K.-Superintendent, Dakota Division .of the Great Northern
Railway, c/o G. N. R. R., Grand Forks, N. Dak.
STORM, W. H.-Sabitha, Kans.
STROBRIDGE, FRED L.-Box 304, Cristobal.
STRONG, GEORGE W.-Draftsman, Mechanical Division, Box 47, Balboa, C. Z.
STRONG, JAMES M.-1638 Monroe Street N.W., Washington, D. C.
STUBNER, CHARLES E.-Cristobal, C. Z.
STURDIVANT, ROY HARTLEY-Proprietor of the Bangor Vulcanizing Com-
pany, 49 Park Street, Bangor, Me.
SWAIN, BERNIE E.-Box 7, Paraiso, C. Z.
SWANSON, F. G.-Chief Clerk, Mechanical Division, Panama Canal, Balboa,
C. Z. Acting Magistrate, Balboa Subdivision, April 17 to July 7, 1915, inclu-
sive, and since February 5, 1916, during absence of Judge S. E. Blackburn on
vacation. Secretary-Treasurer of the Society of the Chagres since resignation
of Mr. Jno. K. Baxter March 6, 1916. REMIT YOUR DUES PROMPTLY

TABER, JOHN A.-Cristobal, C. Z.
TABER, CHARLES S.-Navigation Inspector, Bureau of Navigation, Depart-
ment of Commerce, 487 Beach Street, Revere, Mass.
TALTY, JOHN W.-150 Warren Avenue, Boston, Mass.
TANNEHILL, J. W.-Manager, The L. V. Nicholas Oil Co., Norfolk, Neb.
TAYLOR, WILLIAM-Secretary of Joint Land Commission, Ancori, C. Z.
TENNY, M. W.-Holly, Mich.
TEXTER, HARRY N.-Box 161, Ancon, C. Z.
THAXTON, CULLEN D.-Pineapple grower, Eldred, Fla.
THOMAS, TREVOR-37 South Oakland Avenue, Sharon, Pa.
THOMPSON, E. R.-Corozal, C. Z.
THOMPSON, THOS. C.-52 Audobon Street, New York City.
THOMPSON, W. L.-606 Main Street, Greenville, Miss.
THOMPSON, F. Y.-Contractor, Box 472, Cristobal, C. Z.
THOMSON, WALTER S.--Rock Springs, Ala.
THORNTON, EDWARD B.-Agent, P. R. R., Gatun, C. Z.
TOWNSEND, LESTER A.-22 Randolph Street, San Angelo, Texas.
TIPTON, GEORGE W.-Sergeant, Zone Police, Cristobal.
TRAGSDORF, WM. E.-Cristobal.
TRASK, HENRY R.-Pedro Miguel.

TUCKER, JAMES E.-21 Franklin Street, Concord, N. H.
TURNER, EDWARD G.-Dredging Division, Paraiso, C. Z.
TURNER, EDWARD K.-Cristobal, C. Z. Sanitary Inspector.
TUTTLE, M. J.-Cristobal, C. Z.
TWEEDLIE, ROBERT-Chief Engineer U. S. Gamboa, Paraiso, C. Z.
TYSINGER, J. D.-Superintendent of Bridges and Buildings, P. R. R. Co.,
Balboa Heights.

URWILER, CHARLES J.-Ranching and holding down a Yellow Pine Timber
Claim, LaPine, Crook County, Ore.

VALENTINE, AMELIA J.-Ancon Hospital, Ancon, C. Z.
VANDEBURGH, C. L.-Paraiso, C. Z.
VANDENBERG, HARRY-704 Lovejoy Street, Portland, Ore.
VAN DEVENTER, MARTHA-Ancon Hospital, Ancon, C. Z.
VAUGHN, DR. EMMETT I.-In August, 1914, while in Paris, assisted in
the original organization of the American Ambulance at Nevilly. Resigned
appointment as Acting Assistant Surgeon, U. S. Public Health Service. Have
been commissioned 1st Lieut., Medical Reserve Corps, U. S. Army. Present
address, Central Aquirre, Porto Rico.
VREELAND, E. H.-6 Forman Street, Bradford, Pa.

WAID, ELBERT S.-Terminal Trainmaster, Panama R. R., Cristobal. Box
150. Chairman of Panama Canal Employees' Association. Vice-President, Society
of the Chagres for 1916.
WALLING, CLIFFORD T.-523 E. Ohio Avenue, Muncie, Ind.
WALKER, R. B.-Ancon, C. Z.
WALRAVEN, FRANCIS W.-Locomotive 'engineer. Employed by the Cerro
de Pasco Railway Company, Cerro de Pasco, Peru.
WALSH, JOHN J.-Box 219, Gatun.
WARDLAW, R. H.-Colon, R. P. Steamship Agent, Anglo-American S. S.
Agencies, Inc.
WARNER, ANSELM M.-Postmaster, Balboa Heights, C. Z. States address,
316 Pine Street, Johnstown, Pa. Mr. Warner has been on the Panama Canal
payroll for nearly eleven years and the climate has affected him somewhat. He
is particularly noted, however, for his ability to keep a Ford of ancient vintage
in such condition that it does not always block traffic. You need not look at it,
you can hear it. Hey, Steve?
WARREN, H. P.-Assistant Engineer, Alaskan Engineering Commission,
Seattle, Wash.
WARREN, RUDOLPH G.-15 W. Garfield Boulevard, Chicago, Ill.
WATSON, LULU M.-Balboa Heights, C. Z.
WATSON, ROY R.-District Quartermaster, Balboa Heights, C. Z.
WATTS, GEORGE H.-Steam shovel engineer, 400 Sackville Street, Toronto,
Canada. I am out of employment, but I guess putting down my present occu-
pation as steam shovel engineer is 0. K. I wish I was back on the Isthmus.

This war is making work awful scarce. With kind regards to the entire members
of the Society of the Chagres.
WEBER, H. E.-Pedro Miguel, C. Z.
WEBSTER, J. LEON-General Delivery, Denver, Col.
WEBSTER, LEWIS-Dipper dredge engineer, Box 109, Balboa.
WEIDMAN, CHAS. E.-319 No. 11th Street, Lincoln, Neb.
WEIDMAN, FRANK-Mt. Carroll, Carroll Co., Ill.
WEITZ, WM. H.-Conductor, N. Y., N. H. & H. R. R., 125 Chatham Street.
Providence, R. I.
WELLS, GEO. M.-Resident Engineer, Building Division, Balboa Heights.
WHIPPLE, C.. EARL-Hagerstown, Md.
WHITE, F. D.-Gentleman of leisure, having sold my theatre in Bradford in
June last. Present address, Forestville, N. Y.
WHITE, WALTER J.-With the Stanton-White Dredging Co. at present
engaged in excavating drainage ditches and canals. Box 258, Greenville, Miss.
WEMPE, MRS. H. J.-Balboa Heights, C. Z.
WESTCOTT, FRED M.-Corozal, C. Z.
WHALER, JOHN W.-Balboa Heights, C. Z.
WHITAKER, C. L.-Balboa Heights, C. Z.
WHITE, JAMES-165 Willow Street, Lawrence, Mass.
WHITE, H. J.-Balboa, C. Z.
WHITE, S. M.-Indianapolis, Ind.
WHITLOCK, F. O., CAPT.-E. I. du Pont de Nemours Co., Wilmington, Del.
WHITNEY, GEO. A.-Cristobal, C. Z.
WHYTE, WALTER J.-36 East 23d Street, New York City.
WILLIAMS, CHAS. R.-Ancon, C. Z. States address, Columbus, Ga.
WILLIAMS, E. J.-1454 Asbury Avenue, Evanston, Ill.
WILLIAMSON, JAMES D.-Ancon, C. Z. "Hold a receipt for 10% of onq
month's salary-also a few receipts for rent paid T. L. Clear."
WILLSON, LEWIS E.-Accountant, Balboa Heights, C. Z.' States address.
Waterville, Kans.
WILLSON, FRED DES.-Balboa Heights, C. Z.
WILSON, CHARLES M.-1115 Wilson Avenue, Salt Lake City, Utah.
WILSON, H. S.-Cashier, Port of Havana Docks Co., Havana, Cuba.
WILSON, PAUL S.-Balboa Heights.
WINDES, WILLIAM N.-Secretary and Office Manager for Pacific Creamery
Co., Tempe, Ariz.
WIRZ, CHAS. C. J.-Real estate agent, No. 07 Calidonia Road, Panama,
R. P., Box 61, Ancon, C. Z.
WOLVERTON, DAVID R.-Statistician for Health Department, Balboa
Heights. During the past year I became a member of the University Club and
visited the two Expositions in California. The day after the death of President
Obaldia I was down town and overheard the following conversation between
a Barbagian milkman and a colored lady. After passing the time of day and
asking her if she wanted any milk, the colored lady retorted: "Why for you no
come yesterday?" The Barbagian- replied: "Don't you know the President dead?"


WOODS, J. T.-Balboa.
WOOD, CAPT. R. E.-General Asphalt Co., Land Title Bldg., Philadelphia, Pa.
WOOD, WM. H.-Planter, Tiguabos, Cuba.
WOODSIDE, JAMES-Box 301, Balboa.
WOODSUM, WALTER C.-Locomotive engineer, Balboa, Box 186.
WOOLFOLK, T. R.-Paige, Caroline Co., Va.
WRIGHT, DAN E.-Municipal Engineer, Balboa Heights. President, Society
of the Chagres, 1916. Will break all precedents by getting Society to do some-
thing of worth and value to members.
WYNNE, J.-Box 242, Balboa Heights, C. Z. Clerk, Timekeeping Bureau.

YOCUM, THOS. B.-1014 W. Lanvale Street, Baltimore, Md.
YOUNG, JAMES R.-Box 187, Balboa.
YOUNG, THOMAS H.-Balboa, C. Z.

ZINN, A. S.-Consulting Engineer for Republic of Panama, Panama City.

NOTE.-Members should report promptly to Secretary-Treasurer, Society of
the Chagres, Balboa, Canal Zone, any errors in addresses of themselves or corre-
spondents and items of possible interest for 1916 annual.-F. G. S.


Protests Against Discrimination and Partiality of Con-
gress in Rewarding the Military Only and Ignoring
Civilians Who Served Equally or More Efficiently and
Satisfactorily in Building the Panama Canal.


Balboa Heights, January 22, z1p6.

The honorable LINDLEY M. GARRISON,
Secretary of War, Washington, D. C.

SIR: I have the honor to forward herewith a petition
received from civilian employees of the Panama Canal and
Panama Railroad Co., requesting recognition of their serv-
ices in connection with the construction of the canal, in
view of the action already taken by Congress in substan-
tially rewarding officers of the Army, Navy, and Public

Health Service who served with the Isthmian Canal Com-
mission on the Isthmus for more than three years.
The provisions of Congress rewarding the officers
referred to are embodied in the act approved March 4,
1915, which act extends the thanks of Congress to certain
specified officers, members of the Isthmian Canal Com-
mission; advances all the members of the commission to
whom the thanks of Congress are extended to the grade
of general officer or its equivalent; advances all officers
of the Army, Navy, and Public Health Service who served
for more than three years under the Isthmian Canal Com-
mission one grade upon retirement; and, finally, provides
for the retirement of any officer of the Army or Navy,
on his own application, with increase in rank of one grade.
It is deemed unnecessary to set forth the feeling of
injustice that was aroused in the organization by the pas-
sage of this act because of its discrimination against the
large class of employees not fortunate enough to belong
to any of the foregoing branches of the public service, but
who toward the accomplishment of the goal had worked
just as faithfully as, and in some instances more loyally
than, those who were specifically selected for reward. That
there was just cause for this feeling cannot be questioned,
for, if I am advised correctly, this is the first instance where
the thanks of Congress have been extended to the leaders
of any enterprise without including all of those who were
associated with it. The discrimination stands forth more
glaringly when it is remembered that those detailed for
duty on the Isthmus from the public services specified in
the act. after the completion of their service here, are
assigned to other posts of duty and. through retirement,

are looked after by a paternal Government to the end of
their days; while the civilian, after having been out of
touch with affairs in the community from which he came
during his absence of three or more years, is dependent
upon his own energy and effort to secure employment.
In the organization that accomplished the results the
work was so divided as to bring the service men in com-
petition with the civilians, and the latter truthfully claim
that they accomplished results just as efficiently as, and
in some instances more efficiently than, the men who were
selected for reward; and yet even in a blanket provision
they are denied the recognition of Congress.
It has been asserted that the service men had no choice
but to obey orders which detailed them to duty with the
commission, while the civilians came of their own volition.
This assertion, as it relates to the service men, is not
founded on fact. With one exception all of the Army and
Navy officers, and the same is true of the Public Health
Service, who received recognition were detailed only after
they had been consulted and had expressed a willingness
to come. Furthermore, they all received compensation in
advance of that specified by law for the positions they occu-
pied in the Government service, this compensation in some
instances exceeding three times, the amount they would
have received had they performed in the States or else-
where, the same duty that they were called upon to per-
fcrn- on the Isthmus. The increases granted by the act in
the cases referred to are very substantial, amounting as
high as 60 per cent, which continues throughout the career
of the officer affected. The privilege of retirement with
advanced grade has been taken advantage of by several,

with great pecuniary gain. All of these facts are known
to the civilians, who labored as zealously and who received
no reward whatsoever.
The question may arise as to how reward -to civilians
may be made, and the answer is, in substantially the same
way as to the officers. The latter were rewarded by
increased rank and pay or by increased pay and privileges.
With the civilians it is impossible to provide for increased
rank, but they can be accorded a money bonus equivalent
to the money increase that has already been provided or
authorized for those cases that were specially selected in
previous congressional action.
In view of the action taken by Congress in the specific
cases.mentioned, there is no question in my mind but that
suitable reward should be made in the case of all civilians
who rendered satisfactory service for a period of more
than three years prior to April 1, 1914; and I recommend
that the accompanying petition be transmitted to Congress
for favorable action.


Letter from the Governor of the Panama Canal, With Petition
From Civilian Employees of the Panama Canal and Panama Rail-
road Co., Requesting Recognition of Their Services in Connec-
tion With the Construction of the Canal.
Washington, February 9, i.pi6.
SIR: I have the honor to forward herewith, for the con-
sideration of the Congress, a copy of a self-explanatory
letter, dated January 22, 1916, addressed to me by Maj.-
Gen. George W. Goethals, Governor of the Panama Canal,
together with a petition received by General Goethals from
civilian employees of the Panama Canal and Panama Rail-
road Co., requesting recognition of their services in con-
nection with the construction of the Canal, in view of the
action already taken by Congress in substantially reward-
ing officers of the Army, Navy, and Public Health Service
who served with the Isthmian Canal Commission on the
Isthmus for more than three years.
Very respectfully,
Secretary of War.
FEBRUARY 11, 1916.-Referred to the Committee on Interstate and
Foreign Commerce and ordered to be printed. (Which was done as
Document No. 676 of 1st Session of the House of the 64th Congress.)


"Civilians Built the Canal, Not the Army."-Goethals.
"In my opinion, a gross injustice was done the civilians
of the Canal when Congress passed the bill providing for
substantial rewards for the officers of the Army, Navy, and
Public Health Service who have been engaged in the Canal
Work."-Hon J. J. FITZGERALD.


The civilian employees of the Panama Canal, feeling
they were unintentionally slighted when they were not
included in the bill granting recognition and reward to
certain of the officers of the Army, Navy, and Public Health
Service for their services in the construction of the great
ditch, and knowing so well that the discomforts and hard-
ships of the Canal work were borne almost entirely by the
civilians, these civilian employees ask that justice be done
them, and that they be granted recognition and reward
commensurate with that accorded the officers of the Army,
Navy, and Public Health Service who served three years
or more on the Isthmus of Panama prior to April 1, 1914.

Your interest in the cause of the civilian employees is
respectfully and earnestly solicited, and it is for your infor-
mation this booklet has been issued. Herein will be found
reprints of the publicly-expressed opinions of two of the
most prominent men of our country as to the justice of
the request for recognition now being made by the men
who actually built the Panama Canal.



C. O. SIMMONS, Chairman

Extract from Speech Delivered by Major-General Geo. W. Goethals,
Governor of the Panama Canal, at the Hotel Tivoli, Ancon, Canal
Zone, March 6, 1915, on the Occasion of the Annual Dinner of
the Society of the Chagres.

"There is one other subject I desire to touch upon-a
subject that I understand has been under discussion on the
Isthmus for the past three or four days-and that is, the
promotion given to the service people; officers of the Army,
Navy, and Marine Hospital Corps. Mr. Taft, in his mes-
sage of 1912, recommended that I be promoted to the
position of Major-General in the Army. Two friends of
mine in Congress, one in the Senate and one in the House,

immediately introduced bills for that purpose. I WROTE
attitude I have consistently maintained. It is a source .of
regret to me that the bill ever passed. CIVILIANS BUILT

Extract from Letter Written by Major-General Geo. W. Goethals,
Governor of the Panama Canal, to the Editor of the "Panama News-
Letter," Panama, under Date of July 30, 1915.


"Unfortunately many of the employees are unable to
free their minds from the idea that the permanent organ-
ization should be used as a means of rewarding the builders
of the Panama Canal by giving them berths at a high rate
of compensation. My attitude on the question of a reward
for the civilians is well known, and I favor a reward
for the CANAL BUILDERS simply because Congress has seen
fit to reward some and not all, but for no other reason;
however, it should be divorced absolutely from the subject
of compensation in the permanent organization.
who served here three years or more, AND CIVILIANS WHO

I believe a bonus proposition would be most feasible, or
an act giving men who have served here three years or
more preference over new applicants for Government posi-
tions in the States, or both the bonus and the preferential
(Signed) GEO. W. GOETHALS,

Following is a copy of a letter written to the Editor of
the Panama News-Letter in August last by the Honorable
John J. Fitzgerald, Chairman of the Committee on Appro-
WASHINGTON, D. C., August 23, 1915.
MR. HAMILTON FOLEY, Editor, Panama News-Letter.

DEAR MR. FOLEY: Your favor of the 13th inst., inclosing
copy of the Panama News-Letter of the 12th inst., is at
hand. I have read carefully and with keen interest the
views of General Goethals. As I have heretofore said, in
been engaged in the work. I fully agree with General
Goethals that the Canal was BUILT BY THE CIVILIANS,

although he deserved some distinctive recognition because
of his peculiarly effective services.
It is impossible for me to express an opinion as to what
action, if any, Congress will be disposed to take toward the
civilian employees of the Canal; and it is unwise for me
to attempt to do so because such expressions are so fre-
quently misunderstood, or misunderstanding so easily arise
from misinterpreting what is said under such circumstances,
that it is ill advised to attempt to hazard opinions in advance.
IT IS SO DESIRABLE that if anything is to be done it shall be
definite action may be taken looking to the final disposition
of the matter. *
Very sincerely yours,

Just prior to its adjournment the 63d Congress passed a
bill (H. R. 16510) extending the thanks of Congress to the
Army and Navy members of the late Isthmian Canal Com-
mission for having rendered distinguished service in the
construction of the Canal, and promoting these officers to
high rank in their respective branches of the service. The
bill also provided that such other officers of the Army,
Navy, and Public Health Service as had served three or
more years on the Isthmus should be promoted one grade
in rank upon retirement, and then in the last section the
bill provided: "That at any time after the passage of this
act any officer of the Army or Navy to be benefited by the

provisions of this act may, on his own application, be retired
by the President at seventy-five per centum of the pay of
the rank upon which he retired." Taking into considera-
tion the fact that Army and Navy officers are educated
at the expense of the public, and that they are assured steady
occupation, at fair remuneration, during their active life,
and then assured an income sufficiently. great to care for
them during their declining years, all of which is denied
the civilian, the attitude of Cofgress toward these particular
men seems to have been of an especially generous character.
Your attention is respectfully invited to the fact that the
salaries paid to the Army and Navy officers detailed to the
Canal have invariably been from fifty to three hundred per
cent greater than their regular Army pay, while it is very
doubtful if any civilian in the Canal service ever received
more than twenty-five per cent in excess of the salary he
would have been able to earn in similar vocations in the
United States. Furthermore, whenever it was considered
necessary to reduce the force it was always the civilian who
had to go, and he was turned loose to shift for himself, while
the Army officer, when his services were no longer needed
on the Canal, had another job provided, and was sure of a
steady increase in salary, and a pension-at the end.
To justify opposition to the payment of high wages to the
Canal workers it has been claimed that "the Government
is under EXTRAORDINARY expense in maintaining hospitals,
schools, police, water-works, lights, streets, furnished quar-
ters, fuel, free passes, and transportation of new and
repatriated employees, all of which items in the States are
ordinarily paid either directly or by taxation BY THE CITI-
ZENS BENEFITED, and are not so paid here." From the

above it would appear that the Canal workers themselves
were the only ones benefited by the construction of the
Canal, and should therefore pay for streets, lights, police,
and other public service, while in fact all these things were
just as necessary to the construction of the Canal as were
the locomotives, cars, steam-shovels, dredges, etc., and yet
it never has been claimed that the men operating this equip-
ment should be compelled to pay for it. All of the expense
described above as "extraordinary" was part of the legiti-
mate cost of the completed Canal, and certainly should be
paid for by the people benefiting thereby, who are the ship-
pers and ship-owners of the world, who will use the Canal,
and not the workers who built it.
Referring again to the reward given to the Army officers,
we will specifically mention the case of one who came to
the Canal early in 1905, a lieutenant, and who served as
assistant to a civilian who was Manager of the Department
of Labor and Quarters. Upon the advent of the Army, in
1907, the Department of Labor and Quarters became the
Quartermaster's Department, and this officer then became
Assistant Chief Quartermaster, at a salary of $6,000.00
per annum, although his salary as an Army officer at that
time amounted to but $1,920.00 per annum. Promotions
received in the ordinary course of events up to April 1,
1914, brought his Army pay up to $3,120.00, while his Canal
pay had gone up to $7,500.00, or $4,380.00 more than he
would have received had he remained in the regular service.
Just as soon as the Army recognition bill became effective
this officer applied for and was granted the privilege of
Retiring, and although still under the age of forty years he
will continue to draw from the Treasury of the United

States approximately $3,000.00 per year, for which he will
render no service in return. .The Canal pay received by
this officer during his ten years of service exceeded the
amount he would have received in the regular service by
between $30,000.00 and $40,000.00, and assuming that he
live for another thirty years, the United States will, at the
expiration of that time, have paid him an additional
$90,000.00, which will bring the total bonus paid to this
man for having worked on the Canal to between $120,000.00
and $130,000.00 The .officer in question was not an
engineer and had no peculiar qualifications for the position
he held, therefore, believed he has been most generously
rewarded for services rendered, considering his duties were
no more exacting or arduous than many assignments he
might have received in the regular service as a cavalry
Consider now the case of a civilian whom we will assume
entered the service simultaneously with the officer, one who
was his intellectual equal, the only difference being that the
civilian had paid for his education himself instead of having
been paid a salary of $600.00 per annum for acquiring it
at public expense, as in the case of the Army. officer, and who
served just as long, just as faithfully, and as efficiently, and
is finally discharged on account of reduction of force. Does
the Government, which he has served just as loyally as the
other, provide a position for him, with the assurance of a
pension when his working days are over? No, the civilian
returns to the States to find affairs have gone right along
without him, and that he has. not been missed, and is not
now needed, and he finds himself endeavoring to sell his
labor in a market already glutted, in competition with

those who are much better equipped than he, through their
familiarity with local conditions, to which the Canal man
has been a stranger for so many years.
We have no controversy with the Army officer for hav-
ing been so well cared for, but we do believe our services in
the construction of this great waterway to be just as worthy
of recognition and reward as the services rendered by any
other set of men, and we fail to see where a commission
in the Army entitles a man to any greater consideration
than is due to another who is equally as efficient, but who
does not happen to hold a similar commission.
In addition to the above, numerous other officers have
taken advantage of the retiring provision of the Army bill
and have left the service. Also a number of young officers
who were educated at public expense, and who have seen
practically no service other than that on the Canal, have
been promoted and are now eligible to retirement with the
full salary of their present rank. Following is a compara-
tive statement showing annual salaries received by Army
officers while detailed to the Canal, and salaries they would
have received had they remained in the regular service:

e'S ,,g
Date. Title and Name. u
C. 0 ,Cd "z ."O
*au f3 u ;

3- 4-07 Lt.-Col. G. W. Goethals......... $15,000.00 $4,000.00
12- 3-09 Colonel do. .......... do. 5,000.00
4- 1-14 Colonel do. .......... 10,000.00 5,000.00
3-12-15 Major-Genl. ...... .............. 10,000.00 8,000.00
8-12-07 Lt.-Col. W. C. Gorgas............ 14,000.00 4,500.00
5-11-08 Colonel do. ............ 14,000.00 5,000.00
3- 6-07 Major D. D. Gaillard............ 14,000.00 3,500.00
5-11-08 Major do. ............ 14,000.00 4,000.00
4-11-09 Lt.-Col. do. ............ 14,000.00 4,500.00
3-10-07 Major W. L. Sibert.............. 14,000.00 3,500.00
5-11-08 Major do. .............. 14,000.00 4,000.00
9-21-09 Lt.-Col. do. .............. 14,000.00 4,500.00
7- 8-08 Lt.-Col. H. F. Hodges........... 14,000.00 4,500.00
7-11-11 Colonel do. ........... 14,000.00 5,000.00
4- 1-14 Colonel do. ............ 10,000.00 5,000.00
3-15-07 Civil Engineer H. H. Rosseau,
U. S. Navy ................... 14,000.00 5,500.00
3-26-07 do. 14,000.00 3,000.00
10-12-08 do, 14,000.00 3,500.00
10-18-09 do. 14,000.00 4,290.00
4- 1-12 do. 14,000.00 3,900.00
10-12-13 do. 14,000.00 4,000.00
4- 1-14 do. 10,000.00 4,000.00
3- 4-15 Rear-Admiral .................... 10,000.00 6,000.00
6-24-08 Major E. W. Wilson............. 7,500.00 4,000.00
12- 5-11 Lt.-Col. do. .............. 7,500.00 4,500.00
7-27-05 Major J. L. Phillips .............. 7,000.00 3,500.00
5-11-08 do. ............... 7,000.00 4,000.00
12-12-08 Lt.-Col. do. .............. 7,000.00 4,500.00
5-20-09 do. .............. 7,500.00 4,500.00
4-13-12 do. ............... 7,500.00 5,000.00
5- 3-09 Major C. F. Mason.............. 7,000.00 4,000.00
1- 1-10 Lt.-Col. do. ............... 7,000.00 4,500.00
6-20-10 Major T. C. Dickson............ 6,500.00 4,000.00
1- 1-11 do. ........... 7,200.00 4,000.00
7- 1-12 do. ............ 7,500.00 4,000.00

Date. Title and Name. U S
0.3 '. E7

Panama Canal. Army.
9- 2-12 Lt.-Col. T. C. Dickson............ $ 7,500.00 $4,500.00
7-18-07 Major Edgar Jadwin.............. 7,000.00 3,500.00
5-11-08 do. .............. 7,000.00 4,000.00
9-15-08 do. ... ....6,000.00 4,000.00
1- 4-08 Capt. H. M. Hoffman............ 5,200.00 2,600.00
5-26-08 do. ............ 5,200.00 3,120.00
12- 3-09 Major do. ............ 5,200.00 3,900:00
8- 1-10 Major do. ............ 6,000.00 3,900.00
6-15-12 Major do. ............ 6,000.00 4,000.00
5-29-14 Major W. R. Grove............:. 4,500.00 3,900.00
10- 1-14 Major do. .............. 7,000.00 3,900.00
10- 1-08 1st Lieut. F. O. Whitlock.......... 4,000.00 2,400.00
3- 3-11 Captain do. .......... 4,000.00 2,880.00
6-18-11 Captain do. .......... 4,000.00 3,120.00
2-25-14 Captain do. .......... 7,500.00 3,120.00
4- 1-14 Captain do. .......... 6,000.00 3,120.00
4-20-12 1st Lieut. A. H. Achers.......... 2,420.00 2,200.00
10- 1-12 do. .......... 3,000.00 2,200.00
7- 1-13 do. .... ..... 3,600.00 2,200.00
7- 6-14 do. .......... 4,800.00 2,200.00
1- 1-15 do. .......... 3,600.00 2,200.00
11-11-10 Geo. R. Goethals (2d Lieut.)...... 2,400.00 1,870.00
2-27-11 1st Lieut. G. R. Goethals.......... 2,400.00 2,200.00
1- 1-12 do. .......... 3,600.00 2,200.00
1- 1-13 do. .......... 4,800.00 2,200.00
6-14-14 do. .......... 4,800.00 2,400.00
9- 1-07 Lieut. R. E. Wood .............. 6,000.00 1,920.00
5-11-08 do. ............... 6,000.00 2,400.00
3- 3-11 Captain R. E. Wood.............. 6,000.00 2,880.00
6-16-11 do. .............. 6,000.00 3,120.00
5-27-13 do. .............. 7,500.00 3,120.00
4- 1-14 do. .............. 7,000.00 3,120.00
10- 1-14 do. .............. 7,500.00 3,120.00
2-10-10 Major H. A. Brown, Chaplain.... 4,800.00 3,600.00
1-20-09 Capt. C. W. Barner................ 3,300.00 2,400.00
9- 8-12 do. ............... 4,000.00 2,880.00
1-18-14 do. ................ 4,000.00 3,120.00
11-14-06 Major G. H. Crabtree........... 3,300.00 2,200.00


1 2) ,j .

Date. Title and Name. U -

8-16-07 Major G. H. Crabtree .......... $ 4,400.00 $2,200.00
5-11-08 do. 4,400.00 2,660.00
6-15-10 do. ............ 4,200.00 2,880.00
1- 1-11 do. ...... 4,200.00 3,600.00
6-24-08 Col. C. A. Deval .................. 10,000.00 4,000.00
9-22-11 do. ................. 10,000.00 5,000.00
3- 4-13 do. .................. 10,000.00 6,000.00
7-27-07 Col. Chester Harding ............. 7,000.00 3,500.00
7- 1-08 do. .............. 7,500.00 3,500.00
11- 4-14 do. .............. 7,000.00 4,500.00
1- 1-15 do. ............ 7,500.00 4,500.00
7-18-07 Major J. P. Jervey ............... 7,000.00 3,000.00
9-18-08 do. do. do.
7- 7-04 Major T. C. Lyster............... 2,400.00 1,935.00
9-16-05 do. ................ 4,500.00 1,935.00
5-11-08 do. ................ 4,500.00 2,640.00
11-11-08 do. ................ 4,500.00 3,300.00
Lieut. F. Mears, P. R. R.......... 7,500.00 2,000.00
9-10-08 Captain C. Nixon.................. 4,800.00 2,120.00
2- 2-13 do. do.
8-13-13 Major R. E. Nobel............... 7,000.00 3,600.00
6-18-09 Captain W. D. Smith............. 4,000.00 2,400.00
1-22-07 Captain H. W. Stickle............. 4,800.00 2,400.00
7-16-14 Captain W. H. Rose.............. 5,400.00 2,800.00

Another case of rank class distinction which we wish to
bring to your attention is in the exceedingly generous treat-
ment accorded the widow of the late Lt.-Col. D. D. Gaillard,
former Canal Commissioner, who died a year or so ago
from tumor of the brain, and who has been alluded to so
often as the martyr of the Canal. Upon the death of Col.
Gaillard Congress gave his widow the equivalent of one
year's pay, $14,000.00, and voted her a pension of .$30.00

per month. In contrast to the above please consider the
cases of two other women whose husbands gave up their
lives in the service of the Canal just as surely as did Col.
Gaillard. Mark White, locomotive engineer, in service
eight years and eight months, salary $1,500.00 to $2,797.00
per annum, died March 10, 1914, from kidney tumor, caused
by injury to back received in railroad accident at Pedro
Mi;guel, in November, 1908. Thos. C. McLaughlin, loco-
motive engineer, in service eight years, salary $2,160.00 to
$2,721.00 per annum, died August 22, 1914, from kidney
trouble, contracted while in the Canal service. ALTHOUGH
only two of many similar cases which could be cited. Please
bear in mind that we have no controversy with Mrs.
Gaillard on account of the generosity of Congress in her
behalf, nor would we take from her any of the benefits she
The American citizens engaged in the construction of
the Panama Canal have felt for a long time that it would
be a most agreeable and proper thing for the Congress of
the United States to do to officially express the apprecia-
tion of the American people for the American citizens who
came to the Isthmus and devoted their best efforts and
loyal support to the men in charge of the construction of
the Canal .and who had by their efforts made possible the

completion of the great waterway across the Isthmus.
While we were thinking of this Congress recognized the
propriety of such a course by suitably recognizing and
regarding the service men who were detailed to the Isthmus.
As soon as this was done the civilian employees believed
that Congress had recognized the merits of our claim for
recognition and immediately formed 'an organization of
Canal employees for the purpose of petitioning Congress
for suitable recognition and reward for civil employees sim-
ilar to that already extended to service employees.
General Goethals, Governor of the Panama Canal, is
stood to be heartily in favor of suitable recognition and
reward by Congress for civilian employees. He talked
freely with the committee who discussed the matter with
him, and showed the committee that Congress had given
the Army and Navy men a twenty-five per cent increase
for the rest of their lives. He stated that the civilian
employees are entitled to exactly the same reward. This
reward impressed many of the employees as running into
such enormous figures that it would not be worth while
to ask for that much. The association has tabulated all
Canal and Panama R. R. employees who spent three years
or more on the Isthmus prior to April 1, 1914, and extended
the compensation on the basis of two months' pay for each
year in the service. This, of course, is nothing like the
amount of twenty-five per cent for the balance of an
employee's life, but it is believed that this reward would
be sufficiently liberal and would be quite satisfactory to
the employees.

Therefore the following proposal was submitted to the
Governor for his consideration, which he endorsed and will
recommend to the Secretary of War.
That such citizens of the United States, not officers of
the Army, Navy, nor Public Health *Service, as were
employed by the Isthmian Canal Commission or Panama
Railroad Co., and served as Government officials or
employees on the Isthmus of Panama for more than three
years during the construction of the Panama Canal prior
to April 1, 1914, shall be paid out of the earnings of the
Panama Canal each an amount equal to two months' pay
for each year of his service at the rate of pay such official
or employee received for the month of March, 1914,'or,
if not then in the service, at the rate of pay received for
the last month of service of such employee or official, in
recognition of their services to their country as the builders
of the Panama Canal.
There remains unsold a sufficient amount in Panama
Canal bonds to pay the entire cost of the Canal, including
shops, terminals, buildings, and other contemplated improve-
ments, together with the proposed bonus to the civil
employees who served the Government so faithfully, and
still leave a considerable balance.
Congress in the past has always recognized exceptional
service rendered the Government, and we pray that our
present Congress will give our cause favorable considera-
tion, which will permit a large number of the old employees
now on the Isthmus, whose health has become impaired
and whose usefulness is drawing to a close, to return to
their homes and friends in the United States and possibly
regain their health.

On tabulation it was found that there have been some
35,000 Americans employed on the job from the begin-
ning to date, and that of this army less than 5,000 put in
three full years' service prior to April 1, 1914. This, in
itself, appears to be a very strong argument for reward-
ing the men who stayed by the job. It cost the Govern-
ment a vast sum to recruit this army of employees, trans-
port them to the Isthmus, send many of them home .again
free, and, most of all, breaking them into the service.
After going to this great expense less than one man in
seven stayed on the job as much as three years prior to
April 1, 1914. It seems that the seventh man is entitled
to much consideration.
There is ample precedent for Congress to make a bonus
reward for Canal employees. In the early days when it
was contemplated having the Canal constructed by contract,
Congress provided, it is understood, to pay a bonus of
10% on $375,000,000.00 to the contractors provided the
job was finished within a specified time and specified cost.
Every one knows that the Canal was not constructed by
contract, but by American citizens. If it was right and
fair to pay a contractor a large bonus, the same reasoning
should apply to American citizen employees.
In the construction of the Canal two most unusual things
have been accomplished-the completion of the Canal
within the estimated time and the completion of the Canal
within the estimated cost. There is practically no other big
public job that has been done by the Federal Government
within the estimated time or within the estimated cost.
The American citizens on the Canal have established the
unprecedented record of constructing the most enormous

public work ever undertaken within the estimated time and
within the estimated cost. If the Canal had cost
$150,000,000.00 more, the American people would never
have raised a question as to the cost. If it had taken two
or three years longer to do the work, the American people
would likewise have never raised a complaint as to the
time required. The American people, as a whole, are
believed to be delighted with what has been done on the
Isthmus, as they have a perfect right to be, and it is also
believed that it is their wish that civilian employees who
made possible this unprecedented record should be suitably
rewarded by the American Congress.
It is believed that suitable reward of two months' pay
for each year of service can easily be paid from the tolls
collected on the Canal during the next fiscal year. When
viewed in this light, the employees' petition certainly appears
to be a very reasonable one. The Canal would not have
been constructed and the first two years' tolls would not
have been collected if the American employees had not
stayed by the job and devoted their best efforts to their
work. Suppose instead of one in every seven men staying
on the job three years or more, not more than one in every
fifty or every hundred had stayed; it is very evident that
the completion of the Canal would have been delayed at
least two years or much longer.
It is not claimed that the civilian employees are entitled
to reward because Congress rewarded Army and Navy men
engaged on construction work, but it is believed that all
American citizens who stayed three years or more during
the construction period are entitled to recognition and
reward, and that Congress, recognizing this fact, has estab-

lished a precedent by rewarding the Army and Navy men.
In other words, we are not entitled to recognition because
the Army got it, but on the other hand the Army got it
because all are entitled to it, and for that reason and for the
precedent already set the civilian employees are very con-
fident that Congress will complete the reward of Canal
employees already begun in the recognition of Army and
Navy men by suitably recognizing and rewarding all Amer-
ican civilian employees who have fulfilled these conditions.
It is a well-known fact in the history of our country that
when confronted with a national crisis, or when any work
of great magnitude has been contemplated, the citizen of
the country has cheerfully responded, whatever the task.
This was notably true in Panama. Men from all sections
of this country went to face yellow fever and other tropical
diseases, and many met death as heroically there as former
citizens met it on the battlefield. Others have returned,
broken in health, with the normal span of life probably
shortened for all.
The death rate from disease was highest in 1906, and
the Army took control in 1907. After that yellow fever
was only a history and wholesale admissions to the hospitals
for malignant malarial fever only a memory. Many others
have come to an untimely and premature death due to
accident incidental to the construction of the Panama Canal.
It is a well-known fact in Panama that civilians worked
under Army officers, Army officers worked under civilians,
and all were known simply as Canal employees, Army
officers working in citizen garb, none appearing in uniform.
The following statement was made by Governor Goethals,
about the army of "canal diggers," at the annual dinner of

the Society of the Chagres, which is composed of employees
having served six years or more continuously in the con-
struction of the Canal: "The construction of the Canal
means but little in comparison with its coming usefulness
to the-world and what it will bring about. Its completion
is due to the brain and brawn of the men who are gathered
here-men who have served loyally and well-and no com-
mander in the world ever had a more faithful force than
that which has worked with me in building the Panama

Editorial Which Appeared in the "Panama News-Letter" under
Date of September 20, 1915

"As the civilians who have built the Canal have come
from practically all the. congressional districts, this letter
from Mr. Fitzgerald gives every member of Congress rea-
son to inquire how many people of his district are affected
by the 'gross injustice' that Mr., Fitzgerald, with his knowl-
edge of Canal conditions, so emphatically believes has been


The members of the committee representing the civilian
employees of the Panama Canal, who are at present in
Washington, are bona fide Canal employees, each of whom
has been in the service on the Isthmus, with a perfectly
satisfactory record, for from eight to eleven years. They
are here solely for the purpose of making an earnest


endeavor to secure, BY LEGITIMATE MEANS ONLY, such legis-
lation as will assure to said civilian employees such recogni-
tion of past effort and future satisfactory working condi-
tions as the loyal and efficient service they have rendered
their country deserves.
Civilians generally should insist on equitable legislation
from Congress and protest against any tendency of Congress
to give the military more than civilians equally deserving.
Such leads to "militarism."


The years are shorter than they used to be. The cosmos
is speeded up and travelling on "high." It was only a few
short months ago that we were carousing in honor of the
New York, 1915, and now that same Annum Mirabile, that
was to hold so much of reformation and achievement, has
vanished into the limbo of past regrets. But while it lin-
gered a few things happened along the Canal that are worth
recording in these annals.
On February 8th, and the two days following, a norther
raged in Limon Bay and swept away the trestle built for
the construction of the East Breakwater. Incidentally it
smashed a schooner loaded with piles, and mussed up Colon
Beach with the wreckage. They have built a new trestle
now, which was completed on October 7th, and they hope
to dump enough rock from it to hold it down when this
season's storms break loose.
On the night of February 13-14, 1915, during the Car-
nival season, there was a riot of the usual description in
Cocoa Grove. Twenty-five soldiers, twenty-five American
civilians and approximately as many Panamanians were

wounded. This led to the establishment of an American
military patron in the district, which ought to help.
* On March 1st we began to pay rent for our quarters,
and were billed for fuel, electric current and other inci-
dentals. Apartments in four-family houses cost $6.00 a
month,. Type 17 cottages $10.00 a month, and rooms in
bachelor quarters, with janitor service, from $3.00 to $6.00.
There were protests, mass meetings, subscription lists, and
finally a committee was sent to Washington. To the sur-
prise of many and the gratification of all, the President
issued an order on May 25th suspending the rent and other
charges until June 30, 1916. The successful outcome of
this agitation led to the organization of the Panama Canal
Employees' Association, which hopes to maintain the pres-
ent wage scale, with all our privileges intact, and secure a
bonus for civilian employees who served during the con-
struction period, commensurate with the rewards voted to
officers of the Army, Navy and Public Health Service.
The latter were given the privilege of retirement on the
pay of the next highest rank to that which they had attained
in active service. Good luck to the P. C. E. A.! May it
live long and prosper.
On March 4th there was a slide north of Gold Hill which
interrupted traffic through the Canal until March 10th.
This was the week that had been set for the postponed
formal opening, naval parade and other circus acts. It is
just as well they gave it up.
On March 6th the annual dinner of the Society of the
Chagres was held at the Hotel Tivoli, and Colonel Goethals,
or Major-General Goethals if you insist on the new title,
gave us some characteristic straight talk, which, in a neatly-

printed pamphlet, was mailed to all members of the Society
and should be considered as a supplement of this, the 1915
On April 2d there was a riot in Colon following a base-
ball game. The casualties were: One soldier shot and
killed, three soldiers wounded by bullets and eight by stones
and other missiles, seven Panamanian policemen and two
civilians wounded by stones. Of all the many similar
affairs, this appeared to be the most unprovoked and
vicious. If anything was done about it, the fact has not
yet transpired.
On April 30th a fire destroyed 22 blocks, or 430 build-
ings, in Colon, including all of Front Street from the north
end of the Panama Railroad Station to the Cristobal Com-
missary. This section is being rebuilt in concrete. Old-
timers would not know the town. It looks almost respec-
table, and this time it is built to stay.
On April 17th the President decreed by Executive order
that the Culebra Cut should be known hereafter as the
Gaillard Cut. Really he did-I am not joking, and any
boob that laughs will be court-martialed and shot at
On May 1st, in accordance with a convention between
the United States and the Republic of Panama, the Savannas
were turned over to Panama in exchange for part of Colon
Harbor, the islands, and certain peninsulas in Gatun Lake
and the riparian lands about the lake below the one hundred
foot contour line.
On July 16th the battleships Ohio, Missouri and Wis-
consin passed through the Canal en route from Annapolis

to San Francisco. They returned on August 31st. These
were the first battleships to make the transit.
From August 7th to 10th the Canal was blocked by
slides. It was blocked again from September 4th to 9th,
and for deep draft vessels until September 13th. Finally,
on September 18th, a few million cubic yards slopped in
From both sides north of Gold Hill anA the "no thorough-
fare" sign was hung out for the rest of the year.


It was before the days of the "Relocation," when the
main line of the Panama Railroad came by Culebra and
down the slope of the divide past the Rio Grande reservoir,
on down between Cartagena and Cartagenita, and crossing
what is now the Canal, ran through Pedro Miguel, Mira-
flores, Corozal, and then on a level track straight into
It was before the days of the Miraflores tunnel-that
wonderful piece of construction, of which I once heard a
roughneck say, when its side walls began to get moist and
the roof to drip water, "I told'um when that tunnel was
bein' put up, if Mears didn't put some more dirt on top of
it, the dam thing was gonta leak." And, thank heaven, it
was before the days of that high, shaky, snaky trestle on
toothpicks, across the prism of the Canal, just below
Paraiso, and which stood until it was torn down, to the
great disappointment of many wisenheimers and woeful
prophets. All the same, I believe if that long-legged, worm-
like thing had been up at the time I am talking about, I
wouldn't be alive to tell the tale.
I had an appointment early one Sunday morning at
Culebra with the Chairman, which was not wholly volun-

tary on my part and not altogether of my making. My
resignation had been handed to me and at the time I was
told that an appointment had been made for me to go
and talk it over with the Chairman and-er-have it con-
firmed. I had been out of bed only a few days from a
second attack of malarial fever that had kept me in the
hospital more than three weeks and which I several times
thought was going to put me away for good. I was still
very weak and even more miserable, but the appointment
was urgent and I had to go.
I left Panama on the early train and got to Culebra
about eight-thirty, and slowly and painfully ascended the
hill up to the Chairman's house, as it was there I was to
see him and learn my already foretold fate. The inter-
view was not very long, but to me it was most distressing.
The Colonel's steady blue eyes were not unkindly, in fact
were slightly compassionate-but they were unwavering.
My resignation vould have to stick and I must go.
Woe was me. Me and woe was the same. Two thousand
miles from home. No money-no job-no nothing.
As I came back down the hill that Sunday morning I
was unutterably wretched and when I reached the little
station and sat down I was too weak even to groan.
Mine was indeed a heart bowed down with weight of woe.
After a while I bought a magazine at the newsstand,
but after several attempts gave up the effort to distract my
It was a wait of an hour and a half before the next pas-
senger train for Panama. I felt I could not endure it, and
got up and walked out on the long platform north of the
station. My attention was attracted to a long double-header

freight slowly puffing down the track from Empire, bound
for Panama, which would come by on the siding very close
to the platform. I had a pass which permitted me to ride
on all trains, and I quickly decided to ride that freight-
though, as it turned out, I didn't have to show the pass.
As the caboose slowly came by, I stepped on the rear plat-
form and went inside and sat down. Neither the conduc-
tor nor the brakeman nor any one else was in sight, and I
tried to get interested in the pictures in the magazine.
In a few moments, just after we had crossed the divide
and started down that long steep grade, there came a terrific
bump, which threw me off the seat and knocked the caboose
loose from the train. I was not much alarmed then-I had
ridden on freight trains and thought I knew what had
happened and what was going to happen. We were going
down the grade and I thought the train would either slow
up or stop, the caboose would go into it not too hard, the
coupling would be fixed and everything would be all right
again. So I got back on the seat and began to look at
the pictures again.
What I didn't know, besides some other things which
were soon to be told me, was that the engineers at the other
end of the train didn't know that the caboose had been
knocked loose.
I was just waking up to the fact that the caboose was
travelling pretty fast, when down came the conductor from
the cupalo with a monkey wrench in his hand and a negro
brakeman behind him with a knuckle pin. The conductor
was a little, thin, cadaverlike man, with a scraggly mustache,
and he had a worried look-the negro was plainly scared.

When the conductor first saw me sitting in the corner at
the far end of the seat, and apparently unconcerned, he
stared at me for a moment as if he couldn't believe his own
eyes-and then he roared-as near as a little man can roar
-"Well, I'll be goddamd! Hoo'n'thehell are you?" I
told him, and added rather feebly that I had a pass to ride
on freight trains. "That ain't all you've got," he roared
again, "you've got a free ticket to hell. How'n'thehell'dju
get on here?" I told him. Then he proceeded with many
a cussword, to tell me very rapidly, but very clearly, what
a hell of a fix I had gotten myself into. There had been
a rear-end collision back at Empire-his caboose had been
backed into, the knuckle bent, and the brake put out of
commission. He and the brakeman had been working on
the brake for some time and it wouldn't hold-we were now
going too fast to jump, and were bound straight for hell.
I looked out of the caboose, and we were falling by Rio
Grande reservoir as fast as gravity, hindered by a little
friction, could take us.
Then he really began to cuss. He cussed the train that
backed into him-he cussed the caboose-he cussed the
brake-he cussed his luck-and he cussed me. He said I
was certain to be killed and that, living or dead, he would
be blamed for letting me ride. And then he cussed me
again. He said that even if the train could keep ahead of
us, and he knew it couldn't, the damdold caboose would
jump the track and we'd be killed anyhow. We were now
just entering the wide -curve between the reservoir and the
Canal, and the rear end of the train was about one hundred
and fifty yards ahead.

The two engineers looked back, saw us and signaled,
showing that they realized our situation and knew what
they must do. The firemen on both engines went to work,
every pound of steam was put on, the throttles pulled wide
open, and the race was on. They had steam and gravity,
we had gravity only, and they slowly but gradually increased
their lead.
I began to feel better, though the caboose was rocking
The conductor said: "They are goin' like hell a-beatin'
tan-bark, but," he says, "you listen to me and listen good."
And I listened good.
"They'll keep ahead of us alright till they strike that rise
between Peder Magill and Mirfloris, and then weer goin'
into 'm surern hell. There's another dam piecer track just
like it between Mirfloris and Corryzal but don't you worry
'bout that: we'll be deadern hell long before we get there.
You get down on the bottom step of the hind end here on
the right side and freeze to that hand hold and don't you
turn loose and dam you don't you jump until I tell you."
He got down on the opposite side and I noticed that the
brakeman got down on the front steps on the same side
that the conductor did. I don't know if they thought that
side was softer to fall on than mine, but I thought at the
time that they had the advantage of a right-hand grip on
the hand-holds. But I said nothing.
"Dammit when you see weer goin' into 'um, hold on tight
with one hand, throw your feet up in the air, and let 'urn
come down a-runnin'."
I thought, "what a swell chance I have to get by with a
stunt like that," but I kept on saying nothing.

We had crossed the old iron bridge over the Canal prism
without jumping the track and were flying through Pedro
Miguel chasing the train ahead. Half way between Pedro
Miguel and Miraflores, the train looked like it was getting
tired-it was certainly slowing down-it had struck the rise.
Our speed had not slackened-if anything, it looked to
me as if we were going faster, and we seemed to be rushing
right on to destruction. Closer and closer we got until we
were only a car-length from the last car. I was expecting
the call to jump and my heart was in my throat. I thought
my time had come and that it was all over with me except
the funeral.
But just then the train seemed to take on new life-the
last car went over the top of the rise and the train began
to gain a little-such a little-on the down grade. And
on through Miraflores and beyond it continued to gain until
it struck that other "dam piecer track" between Miraflores
and Corozal. We went through the same thing. As the last
car went over the rise we were less than thirty feet behind
it. I was almost numb and wanted to jump and have it
all over with-but the conductor's orders had been very
emphatic-they had impressed me-and besides we had
come through one close place-and I held on.
The train continued to gain until we passed Corozal.
On the right hand side of that track there was not one
soft spot between Rio Grande reservoir and Corozal. I
know. My view was fleeting, but it was anxious and it was
searching. There were deep, narrow cuts-high fills, and
rocky creek- and riverbeds-and to have jumped from that
caboose was certain death.

As we passed Corozal I thought I felt that the caboose
was losing its momentum-but the train also seemed to be
losing speed. The caboose appeared to be again overtaking
the train. And so it was. We were on the level, three-
mile stretch between Corozal and Panama and the conduc-
tor said: "The damdold caboose is losing her speed, but
she's going inter that train anyhow just this side of Panama
-but I figure she'll stand up under it, and dammit don't
you jump!" And it happened that way. Although we
were gradually losing momentum and the freight was dig-
ging away as fast as she could, we overtook her about half
a mile from the Panama yards and the caboose went into the
last car with a bump that almost took us off our feet. The
brakeman, who had recovered his nerve, had already braced
himself on the front platform, and stood with the knuckle
pin in his hand. The bent knuckle of the caboose went into
the drawhead of the last car with such force that it was
straightened. Just at the right time the brakeman let the
pin drop in-the coupling was made, and we went and
never stopped until we reached the yards. "By-god, that's
what I call railroadin," the conductor said. As we got
down from the caboose and went through the yard and
the old station, I was so weak I could hardly stand. I
invited him to take a drink with me at the first bar, and he
took only a glass of beer, while I swallowed a big brandy
straight. After he had wiped his mouth with his fist he
looked at me and said: "I reckon it'll be a helluva long time
before you ride on another goddamd freight"-and then
he was gone.
As he went out of the door a man whom I had seen
before passed him and came in the bar, and I said to him:

"Do you know the name of that man who just went out?"
He answered, "I don't know him personally, but I think he
is a freight conductor on the Panama Railroad and they call
him 'Hell-roarin' Smith.' "
I said: "Yes, I'm sure that's who he is."
I had forgotten my troubles for just fifteen minutes,
but it seemed like hours.

Dear Bill:
I was very glad to get your letter and to know that you
are still interested in things Zonian, especially in the doings
of those who linger here. In spite of all the changes there
are still a good many "lingerers," Billy, and many returned
prodigals. It will be a pleasure to keep you in touch with
things that happen in the vicinity of the Big Ditch.
But I dread to answer that question in your epistle
wherein you ask about the Sabanas Road, because I hate
to destroy any of the intimate little memories you may still
retain of the days, or rather the nights, v, which you spent in
Panama in years now gone. However, you have brought
it upon yourself by your query, so I must tell you that not
only is the Sabanas Road peopled with policemen now, but
it is actually illuminated for a good part of its length!
Thus does remanticism receive rude reverses, thus suffers
sentimentality, thus loses love's young dream. For I have
been led to believe, Bill, from what I have read in books,
and from what you were in the habit of telling me about
your adventures when you lived here, that all this talk about

the attractions of the Great White Way is a delusion and
a snare, and that it is really the Great Dark Ways that make
life worth'living, even though they frequently entrap unsus-
pecting young men into matrimony.
You remember the Sabanas Road as a long stretch of
darkness that commenced just after one crossed the Cali-
donia Bridge. I remember this, too, because on one or
two occasions I stayed out at Pefia Priota Beach swimming
longer than I had intended, so that it was quite dark when
I started back along the road, and I hurried along for fear
of being held up by someone. At that time there was one
American policeman in the Sabanas Police Station, about
three miles out from the city, and he not only kept his
station in good order, but I am told that he kept everyone
happy by mixing good judgment with a delightful sense of
the fitness of things. You used to say, and others have also
said, that no more than one hundred yards or so beyond
the Calidonia Bridge one would find himself in darkness,
alone with the coach, the horses, the coachman, who didn't
count, and the Girl, who was most important. Once in a
great while a one-lunged automobile would chug past, and
now and then one would get a glimpse of the Man on
Horseback from the Police Station, doing solitary patrol
duty. Of course, the moon must not be forgotten, for it
always added to the effect, and its light was of that most
discreet kind that enabled one to appreciate the surround-
ing country without being able to distinguish the faces of
those who passed in other coaches.
With Calidonia Bridge a couple of hundred yards in the
rear, a man could safely attempt to hold the Girl's hand,
or even place his arm around her wasplike waist. (Believe

me, Bill, no sting is intended; as a matter of fact, I don't
know just what a wasplike waist may be.) And now don't
misunderstand my comparison between the ways that are
dark and the ways that are white. The men and women
who parade the Great White Way, with all its false lures,
are usually indifferent as to who may see them, but the
Great Dark Way offers the good girl an opportunity to
permit caresses from a man whom she can trust not to
boast vaingloriously about his conquests. Now that you
have grown older and more settled, don't tell me that proper
actions can always bear the light of day. That is specious
sophistry. Neither men nor women are in the habit of
taking shower baths in public, and yet who will deny the
propriety and necessity of baths of some kind? I have
concluded, after much reading, and after having listened
to those who have had experience, that if a man and a girl,
who have no other ties to bind them, like each other well
enough to exchange kisses, it is nobody's business but theirs,
and that they are in no way delinquent in seeking a rendez-
vous where there is nobody present but a coachman. And
the coachman doesn't count, nor tell. If the man keeps
quiet about it, as any real man should, he is entitled to
more kisses from other trusting girls, but if he brags he
should be sentenced to an existence completely devoid of
Be it understood that I am speaking vicariously, but I
want to impress upon you that I am not at all in sympathy
with the viewpoint of the crusty old bachelor who was talk-
ing with another male of the same status, but considerably
younger. Said the young man: "If a gentleman takes a
young lady to the opera, buys her an expensive supper

afterwards, and then takes her home in a taxi, do you think
he should kiss her?" "No," growled the old grouch, "I
don't think she should expect it. It seems to me that he
has done enough for her already!" Wasn't he the mean
thing, Billy?
To return to the Sabanas, however, I am informed by
others who still linger here that the sort of experiences you
used to enjoy there are now things of the past. From
Calidonia Bridge to the Corozal Road there is an almost
continuous string of dwelling houses, with plenty of street
illumination, and plenty of prying eyes to gaze upon the
passersby. At the junction of the Corozal Road with the
Sabanas Road is a brilliantly-lighted dancing pavilion,
which throws its gleams as far as the trolley turnout to
Bella Vista Beach. You know there is a trolley line in
town now (and also out of town), and Bella Vista Beach,
with its commodious, up-to-date, well-lighted bathhouse.
is none other than Pefia Prieta Beach, where we were in
the habit -of changing our clothes in a dirty little shack
some five years ago. Even farther out, toward the Police
Station, new houses have sprung up, and it is said that
passing trolley cars frequently light up the camino. A part
of this I can verify, because I have seen the houses, the car
tracks and the electric standards during the daytime.
And who said solitude? Instead of an occasional sea-
going coach there is a continual procession of roaring,
shrieking automobiles, whose headlights are the most prying
things one could imagine, and whose drivers have no
romance in their makeup. Instead of one solitary, harmless
cop, there are now about ten on that beat since the Sabanas
territory was turned over to Panama, and if one can believe

current reports the police must be all married men, who
can't understand why any man should want to kiss a girl.
But this is hearsay, Bill, just hearsay. And beyond the
Station, on the way to Old Panama, night is turned into
day by the bright lights of several roadhouses, past which
one hesitates to drive with a nice girl. On the Sabanas
Road at the present time there is plenty of light and
laughter, but very little love.
Nor is the cold, cruel light of publicity confined to the
Sabanas Road alone. A new lighting system is being
installed in all the permanent towns of the Canal Zone, and
Ancon and Balboa are just bristling with globes and stand-
ards. Nowhere is there an inviting dark spot where a
couple may press hands in sympathy without being seen, so
the swains complain, and even the famous "Lovers' Lane"
that led from the hill above the nurses' quarters, past the
Ancon Quarry and Cemetery, down toward "Dingler's
Folly" in Balboa (or Folie Dingier, as the French used to
call it), has now been completely wiped out by the recently
constructed and well-lighted village of Balboa Heights.
Some years ago it was frequently rumored among the young
braves, who were so fortunate as to be acquainted with a
member of the nursing staff in Ancon Hospital that many
a sweet young hospital angel, after her dreary routine of
quinine and charts among the Taboguitis patients in Ward
11, was afforded a welcome relaxation by an evening in
"Lovers' Lane." With none but the stars and the steam
shovels for company, she and her handsome young gallant
would stroll slowly by the quarry and the sentimental little
cemetery, swearing to each other that their loves would be
as unchanging as the menus of the Ancon Hospital Mess.

Alas! I'm afraid that they set too high a standard of
unchanging devotion to form. Perhaps you were one of
those troth-plighters, Billy, and, if so, it will be a rude
awakening for you to learn that the unswerving utilitarian-
ism of the Canal Government has replaced "Lovers' Lane"
with fine, well-lighted streets, surrounded by houses.
Amidst all this wreck and ruin of the things that were,
only one type remains true to form, and it is through no
mawkish sense of sentimentality that I do homage to the
cochero of Panama. He alone is unchanging. He still
carries anyone who has the price, and does his best to extort
double fares. He still beats his horse, eats garlic, and sings
strange songs in unknown tongues. But, above all, he still.
remains deaf, dumb and blind to the actions or speech of
his passengers, and is most deserving of the noble epitaph:
"He kept his mouth shut."
As Bret Harte so truly said:

"For ways that are dark,
And love in a lane,
The Zone is no longer peculiar."

Yours sadly,



This prohibition wave that is sweeping over the United
States is a most unpleasant manifestation of the Uplift.
It would appear from a map that was published recently in
one of the pious magazines that, except for a stretch of
a few hundred miles out in the Rockies, a man can now
cross from the Atlantic Coast to the Pacific without once
setting foot in wet territory. A few years more will see
us good old topers condemned to perpetual exile. There
will be no place for the like of us in the land of our fathers.
William Jennings and Josephus may think that this pros-
pect calls for paeans of praise and thanksgiving, but when
they arrange their joyous jubilee to celebrate the final down-
fall of the Demon Rum, they can count me out. I will not
be there. The Demon and I will be leaving on the same
ship, bound for some land where Freedom is a trifle freer
and a Liberty a shade more liberal. (For more of this
stuff see Anheuser Busch ads.) And if this movement

should spread beyond the virtuous confines of the United
States and Holy Russia, and the whole world goes dry, we
will make our last stand in Panama and fight it out with
our backs against the wall. Thank God, there is no uplift
in Panama.

I began my career as a disciple of the late Omar Khayyam
in the Fatherland at a tender age. As a boy for five years
I imbibed German literature and German beer in equal
doses. They can say what they please about the Kaiser,
but his people certainly make good beer. Muenchner was
my favorite, but I had no grudge against Pilsner or Culm-
bacher. They are all good brews, and beyond imparting a
certain portliness to the figure, they never harmed a man
who used them wisely. (Again I apologize to Anheuser
Busch.) It was also during this period of my career that
I spent a memorable summer month tramping up the Rhine
and sampling every vintage on the way. I. regret to say
that some years later I was so injudicious as to mix what
was perhaps an overdose of Rhine wine with a broiled
lobster. The results were painful, and I have never been
able to drink Rhine wine again. Lobster became singularly
distasteful to me.

In my college days I was so handicapped by poverty
that I was unable to devote much attention to the extra-
academic courses in the arts of Bacchus which were offered
by the University and industriously followed by many of
my fellow students. Nevertheless, I have recollections of
certain mellow evenings when, over a pipe and a tub of

suds, we forgot our youthful diffidence and our unconfessed
fear of the world we were about to face, and enjoyed a
few brief hours of freedom and confidence. After all,
that is one .of the Demon's finest qualities. He is the great
emancipator. When we come to him, harried and beaten
men, he expunges the bitter memories of failure, wipes
away the dust of defeat and renews our courage to attempt
the impossible and face the implacable fates. Dutch courage
has been. much maligned. It does not always vanish when
the bottle is empty; but often we carry through the high re-
solves to which it inspires us. Alcohol overcomes our initial
inertia, but, once started, our own momentum carries us
along. Let him who has no need for this despised Dutch
courage be the first to jeer. He is either a superman or a
prig, and probably the latter. For myself, I confess that
I have resorted to it often, and it has helped me through
many a crisis.

My real education in the use of vinous, spirituous and
malt liquors began in Washington some twelve years ago.
My headquarters there were at a certain club, which in-
cluded in its membership many distinguished personages
whom I regarded with awe and veneration. For instance, I
remember vividly my tongue-tied embarrassment when one
morning I dropped in for breakfast and found the Secre-
tary of Agriculture at the round table. Members of Con-
gress, diplomats and bureau chiefs were habitual fre-
quenters of the club. I was young, green and timid. In
my ordinary moments I could not talk naturally with these
colossal figures. I was oppressed with a sense of my own

insignificance. But how different it was after a cocktail
and a bottle of Schlitz. Then the great man unbent, I grew
bold and careless, and we met as equal travelers on life's
highway. Would grape juice have wrought this change?
Nay, brother, I trow not.
It was at my suggestion that the club organized the first
of a series of annual dinners, which are now a feature of
Washington life and rival in some respects the famous
Gridiron dinners. On this initial occasion William Howard
Taft, at that time Secretary of War, acted as toastmaster,
and the list of speakers included many celebrities of the
day. After much postprandial oratory had been spilled,
the toastmaster called on me as the man who had originated
the dinner. If I had been present, I would have been
horribly embarrassed, but, very fortunately, at that particu-
lar moment I was out on Connecticut Avenue, clinging to
a lamppost and unloading an excess cargo of Sauterne
which was badly stowed and causing trouble in the hold.

Panama in 1905 was not entirely satisfactory to me from
a bibulous point of view. In the first place, I had developed
a taste for sloe gin, a mild drink but refreshing, and I
could find no sloe gin here. Then ice was scarce. The
Central usually had it, but not always, and none of the
small cantinas pretended to keep ice. They served beer
warm, and were guilty of. other atrocities of a like nature.
But to compensate for these shortcomings I discovered a
number of interesting beverages that were quite new
to me.. I suppose that creme de cacao was not unknown
in the United States at that epoch, but I never tasted it

before I came to Panama. Pisco was another find. This
last is a truly remarkable distillation. It scorches like liquid
hell fire, and two fingers of it will do the work of a bottle
of whiskey. I imagine that it is rarely sampled by Ameri-
cans. | Our local Gringos have also been strangely indif-
ferent to the virtues of rum, which is cheap here and ought
to be popular. There is no better liquor than good rum.
I have never seen such enthusiastic drinking as prevailed
in Panama in the early days. When the offices in the old
Administration Building closed at five o'clock, the entire
force adjourned to the Central, Wolff's and the other grog-
shops about the Plaza. .The monthly redemption of chits
was a financial transaction of prime magnitude, like moving
the crops or refunding the national debt. To celebrate
the anniversary of Panamanian Independence in November
the whole town stayed drunk for three days. We seasoned
veterans who survived those wild times have many a scar
to show for it.

In the days of our youth we do many foolish things
before we learn that enough is sufficient. For instance, it
is unwise to associate with people who buy champagne by
the case and drink it warm because the ice has run out. It
is also unwise to concoct a punch by taking one bottle of
each brand of liquor behind the bar and mixing these incom-
patible ingredients in a washtub. But I had to try both of
these experiments before I was convinced of their folly.
It is likewise an error of taste and judgment to prepare
for a dance by getting conspicuously full, or in a playful
and convivial manner to take liberties with the Panama

police. The worst faux pas of which I was guilty before
I arrived at years of discretion had to do with a worthy
missionary who inhabited these parts in 1905 and 1906.
Some half dozen of us, "as fine a gang of pirates as ever
scuttled a ship," at the fag end of an eventful evening were
raising our voices in song at the old University Club. It
seems that we disturbed the slumbers of the missionary
across the street, and he sallied forth to remonstrate, clad
in the armor of righteousness and a suit of pongee pajamas.
We greeted him cordially and invited him to join the party.
He declined, but I and another bold buccaneer, thinking
that this might be merely the result .of timidity or a foolish
diffidence, picked him up bodily and carried him in triumph
to the punch bowl. There was trouble over this. The
reverend gentleman complained to Governor Magoon, and
demanded the official head of each "son of Belial, flown
with insolence and wine," who had been concerned in the
outrage. God knows, we should have been deported, but
the Governor let us off with a reprimand and some sensible

Speaking of Governors-among my memories of
byegone jags there figures an episode connected with
Jo C. S. Blackburn. Some Kentucky admirer sent the old
gentleman a barrel of Kentucky whiskey, and he drew it out
into demijohns, which he distributed promiscuously to the
just and the unjust. He gave one to me, and I stowed it
away in my room at the Tivoli Hotel. On the night of
the next dance I suggested to Tom Cooke that we sample
the Governor's whiskey. We did; in fact, to quote Cousin

Egbert, "we done it repeatedly." Whatever the floor com-
mittee may have said or threatened, Tom and I were the
life of that party, full of quips and merry jests, oozing
with cheerful benevolence, and eloquently discursive on
many topics. And then it was Sunday morning. Did you
ever wake in the sultry forenoon, gentle reader, parched
and burning; faint, delirious and dizzy; with a conviction
that if you raised your head as much as half an inch it
would split wide open. That is the way I felt-in part.
I had other symptoms, but this is no catalogue. I have
to leave some things to your imagination. The floor was
revolving slowly and dipping from side to side, and the
bed was rolling like the Allianca in a high sea. I knew
that if I stayed there I would die, and that if I got up it
would kill me. After hours of helpless agony I crawled
over that billowing floor, grabbed the washstand as it
whirled by, dipped my head into the bowl and turned on
the spigot. That was the climax of my tragedy. They
were repairing a main that morning and the water was
turned off. With this discovery my heart broke and I crept
back into bed to wait until death should put an end to my
intolerable sufferings.
With all due respect to Governor Blackburn, that was the
worst and the most poisonous whiskey ever distilled. I
gave the rest of my demijohn to the boy who waited on our
table. It was a mean thing to do, but he was an uncom-
monly worthless nigger, and I had a grudge against him.

The late Isthmian Canal Commission by a series of silly
ordinances made it impossible to operate a decent, comfort-

able bar in the Canal Zone, but'during the greater part of
the construction period cheap groggeries abounded. I
intend no reflection on Pedro Colomar, Gustave Mezele,
A. Rome, Jake Kowalsky and others, when I say that the
places they managed would suffer by comparison with any
black and tan gin mill in the levee district of a Mississippi.
River town. It was not their fault. They did about as
well as the law would let them. There may have been quali-
fied disciples of Horace and of Omar, men of taste and
discernment, who were able to stay in these dingy purlieus
long enough to forget the squalor of their surroundings;
but the real cognoscenti used them only as warehouses
whence bottled goods might be obtained for consumption
elsewhere. In other words, tippling being driven from the
saloons, became a household industry, and each man's home
was his barroom. Even the Demon's best friend must
admit that there was a good deal of injudicious drinking on
the Line. In bachelor quarters a theory prevailed that a
bottle, once opened, must be finished at a sitting, and there
were too many men living in four-family houses who felt
moved after three rounds to beat their wives or sing "Silver
Threads Among the Gold." Finally, that Saturday night
train out of Panama -was really not as genteel as it might
have been, even after our stern moralist, Wm. E. Tragsdorf,
began to keep tabs on the rowdies and deal out five-day
suspensions when they went too far. How the high gods
must have grinned to see Trag in the role of censor of the
proprieties and advocate of public decorum. I'll wager
Olympus re-echoed with their loud guffaws.
On the whole, those were roughneck days, and our ways
were roughneck ways. We worked hard, and drank hard,

and had but little use for refinements. A drink was a drink,
a jag was a jag, and a dollar was made to spend. A man
had need of guts, literal and metaphorical, to keep up with
the crowd. If he did not have them, he went under, and
was buried or deported, and soon forgotten.

Men do go to hell over the alcohol route, hundreds of
them. There is no use denying that. But women are
responsible for just as many wrecks as alcohol and for
just as much impaired efficiency, and yet none is going up
and down the country agitating for the prohibition of
women. Not yet, at any rate. We may come to that in
time. Something very like it was attempted in the Middle
Ages, and it would not surprise me to hear that one of these
wild uplifters had started a movement for universal and
compulsory celibacy. It might pay us to initiate the thing
ourselves as a backfire against the W. C. T. U.; because,
believe me, brother, that is not what the ladies want. On
the contrary.

But enough of rambling reminiscences and futile specula-
tions. It is not the past that counts but the present; not
abstract theories but facts. Let us contemplate the actual
state of boozology in Panama. Oh brother, what could be
fairer than the prospect that meets our eye? What other
city on all the seven seas is so plenteously provided with
bars, breweries, brothels, bodegas, barrel houses, cantinas,
clubs, cabarets, groggeries and gin mills? Where is Scotch
whiskey more plentiful or more vile? Where will you find

in such perfect development the art of blending, faking,
adulterating, label counterfeiting and bottle juggling?
Where so complete a collection of topers, tipplers, tanks,
panhandlers and pimps? Where is the Sunday night souse
in such esteem, or the Monday morning headache so
habitual? Three cheers, my brothers, three rousing cheers
for Pagan Panama. If you are persecuted in arid Kansas,
in Russia or in Maine, if you are parched and thirsty and
the Pharisees will give you no vital drop to ease the burden
of your woes, there is a refuge fot you in Panama. William
Jennings is held in no honor here, and Josephus is abhorred.
We laugh alike at the edicts of Czars and the orders of
Secretaries. We will welcome you with wassail and good
cheer, and speed you merrily on the road to Hell! Many
of us have traveled the way, and some of us have reached
the goal!--and our end in Panama!


"Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown;" and likewise
uneasy, generally, are the heads of those who earn their
livelihoods in the sunlight and shadow of high authority.
There was no exception to this rule for those who toiled
in the old office of the Chairman at Culebra. A sense of
self-satisfaction accompanies knowledge of the inner work-
ings, and the possession of information regarding impor-
tant steps to be taken, which others would like much to
know, is apt to give one a feeling of self-importance. It
is usually the case, however, that he must: content himself
with self-satisfaction solely, as what is in the minds of the
powers that control must be carefully guarded, and one
must assume complete ignorance respecting any proposed
action when the subject is discussed. Often those working
at a distance from the seat of power are envious, but they
do not appreciate that the bed of those near the throne
is far from being one of roses.
The thorns were encountered now and then in attempting
to carry out oral orders issued by the Chairman. He some-
times overlooked the fact that, through lack of opportunity,
men in the office were frequently unfamiliar with the con-
ditions on the outside. On his morning visit of inspection,

he would observe some feature that required correction,
and, upon his return, he would call you into the office and
direct that certain steps be taken. Being uninformed upon
the question, you would grow fairly bewildered, but return
to your desk and there attempt to solve it. It was not the
wise course to interrupt and ask questions, but, after think-
ing the matter out, if further information or explanation
were necessary, it was always forthcoming and was given
with readiness. We soon learned that the Chairman pre-
ferred not to be interrupted originally.
Persons would frequently call at the office to discuss
business, and the Chairman would occasionally send for
you and issue instructions regarding the subject presented.
It happened at times that you had no knowledge of the par-
ticular matter and were unable fully to comprehend the
instructions, which were given, as a rule, quite rapidly..
Under the circumstances, one did not care to ask questions
or show ignorance, so, with the response "all right, sir,"
he would rush back to his desk, jot down in shorthand the
general gist of the instructions, so far as he was able to
recall or understand them, and then remark:
"I wonder what the hell the Colonel's driving at."
It might be some subject upon which there was informa-
tion in the office, but which the particular individual called
in had never handled, so by consulting the files the neces-
sary light could be obtained. When no such information
was available, he would at times waylay the caller, when his
audience with the Chairman was concluded, and explain
that the Colonel had issued his instructions so rapidly he
was not sure he thoroughly understood them. He would
then proceed to draw out the caller until sufficient informa-

tion had been procured to write a letter for the Chairman's
signature, feeling sure that if any error was committed in
attempting to carry out the instructions, the Chairman would
catch it.
That was a particularly satisfying reliance we had-the
comforting assurance that if we made any mistake the
Chairman would not fail to overtake it. While one was
occasionally mortified in thus having his carelessness ex-
posed, or reproved, he was relieved of the apprehension of
causing any great amount of damage. It was nothing
short of marvelous how the Chairman would pick up some
point that had been overlooked, or discover its relative effect
upon some action taken so long since that everybody else
had forgotten it. This happened not only to those in the
immediate office of the Chairman, but the Commissioners
themselves did not escape. You would be called in and
asked, in connection with a letter submitted for signature,
whether such and such a thing had not been done at some
time or other, and if this would not change that ruling,
or, if this was done, whether an injustice would not result
to somebody else, or, if this position were taken, whether
it would not prove troublesome for this and that reason.
The papers might have passed through the hands of some
of the high ranking officials of the Commission and the
significance of the feature pointed out had not occurred
to them any more than to yourself. But the "Old Man'
was always wide awake and on the job.
When the Colonel signed a letter that trod upon the toes
of some person of importance, or resulted in a protest by
the individual affected, one never concerned himself with
the consequences. The question might be one of discipline,

quarters or privilege of some kind denied or revoked, but,
whatever the subject, when the Colonel attached his signa-
ture he assumed all responsibility and you were never called
to account. Should he afterwards decide that some modi-
fication was necessary, or that, upon further reflection
and after consideration of some new point, the letter should
be rescinded, he took the whole burden upon himself.
In the early days it was the practice of the stenographers
to place the initials of the individual dictating the letter at
the lower left hand corner of the page, both on the original
and carbon copies. This often caused ill-feeling on the part
of the recipient of a letter of reproof, or orne containing
disagreeable instructions, against the individual owning the
initials. It was viewed frequently, no matter how deserved
the censure, or the correctness of the position, as personal
animosity. At times you would be called up by 'phone
and told: "That was the hell of a letter you wrote," or
when you happened next to meet, instead of being greeted
cordially, the first remark would be:
"Well, I didn't think you had it in for me to write such
a hell of a letter."
You might reply: "That was not myself, but the Colonel,"
and then would come the rejoinder:
"Well, you made him do it; if he had written that letter
himself the tone would have been different."
Whereas, in all probability, if the "Old Man" had really
written it, the individual would have been hammered in
choicer and more vigorous language.
Our friend Baxter, whose disposition is well known, had
a way of saying disagreeable things, in a particularly nasty
manner, and, I might add, apparently reveled in the oppor-

tunity. During one period when Colonel Hodges was Act-
ing Chairman, he had signed several of Baxter's incisive
letters, but appeared to be growing somewhat restive.
Finally one came in to which he could not subscribe, and,
directing to have it modified, he remarked:
"Mr. Baxter always puts a sting in the tail of his letters."
It was finally determined, as a measure of policy and to
keep our friends guessing, that the initials should be placed
upon the file copy of letters only,. leaving it to the recipients
to conjecture whether the letter had been written by the
Chairman or prepared for his signature. This practice was
-afterwards adopted generally. I was caught once even
after this by an official to whom a'letter was written con-
cerning his failure to follow a regulation of the Commis-
sion. In writing the initials, the stenographer inserted a
small piece of paper over the place on the original letter.
The impression was, of course, made on the carbon copy,
but it happened that he struck so vigorously as slightly to
indent the initials on the original letter, for the next time
I met the official he greeted me quite coldly and remarked:
"You are fond of telling persons that the regulations
of the Commission must be carefully observed."
I blandly inquired at what he was driving, and was then
told I could not "get away with it," as, by the use of a
magnifying glass, he had discovered my indented initials
on the letter. I did not fail to congratulate him upon his
ingenuity and sacrifice of time to mere details.
The system of referring papers for comment was a happy
and delightful one, and no doubt still is. In the multiplicity
of papers and questions that existed, it was impracticable
to devote the study and research which some subjects

demanded, and it was very comforting to refer the papers
for comment, and utilize the ideas that were forthcoming,
or else request that a letter be prepared for the Chairman's
signature. This course saved time and trouble and showed
executive ability as well.
The appointment of committees also proved a great labor-
saving scheme. Frequently there would be questions relat-
ing to the work where one department or division over-
lapped another, resulting in conflict of authority and com-
plaints, involving a great deal of correspondence with the
main office. After having endeavored to straighten out
and harmonize for a time, the only practical way was to
designate the persons concerned as members of a com-
mittee, let them knock each others' heads together, "jaw"
to the fullest extent, and, after all this waste of energy,
agree upon some course of action.
What a happy invention also was the practice of sus-
pending files. On your desk reposed several difficult proposi-
tions abott which you had been thinking for several days,
and at night, before sleep visited you. Finally, growing
sick of seeing the papers, the temporary solution suggested
itself of sending them to the files with the notation "bring
up in a week," in the hope that your mind would be clearer
by that time so you might reach a proper conclusion, or
that the file clerk might happily misplace the file so it would
never again arise to trouble you, The system, however,
was found to work to your disadvantage when on leave
and the individual handling your work suspended some
subject for your return. It was difficult, or else it would not
have been disposed of in that way, and one becomes quite
disagreeable when the clerk, who appreciates the joke, smil-

ingly produces the file; for who feels like working just
after returning from Broadway?
The Chairman was always greeted with a mighty pile
of suspensions upon his return-especially matters involv-
ing questions of policy, which the Acting Chairman hesi-
tated to decide; but, as the Chairman was always willing
to work and preferred to formulate his own policies, I
never remember him disgruntled by the size of the pile;
he was the single exception.
Probably the greatest annoyance with which the Chair-
man's office contended was the pest of visitors bearing
letters of introduction. It was difficult to remain polite
when, with important air and supreme assurance, they strode
into the office and presented their letters. They evidently
believed the greater number of such credentials the more
attention would be paid them, and that the man with five
or six letters would be able "to put it over" an individual
having the forethought to bring only one or two. As a
rule, each brought a letter from. one of the Senators from
his State and his Meemiber of Congress. Then the more
important ones (in their .opinion), or the wise ones, or
howsoever they may be described, had, in addition, letters
from the President, members of the Cabinet, Governors of
States, Mayors of cities, Army officers, and sometimes from
former visitors who, not appeased with what they had
secured for themselves, wanted a share for their friends.
The naivet -of some of the visitors was delightful. They
evidently labored under the misapprehension that they alone
had had the foresight to come armed with letters of intro-
duction; that it was the very first time a Senator or Member
of Congress had ever expressed interest in anybody or

asked for anything, and that a tropical downpour would be
produced for them in March, or the Chagres made to over-
flow its banks. How difficult it was after a time even to
feign politeness, and it frequently became necessary to clear
one's throat in order to prevent words from being uttered
which would not only have astounded the visitors, but cost
your job in addition.
Some of them would "'phone" the office upon arrival in
Colon, saying they had letters of introduction from such
and such public men (how important their tones sounded
over the wires in imparting this information); that they
would be on the Isthmus just for a day, and would like the
necessary arrangements made to enable them to see the
Canal work. These were of the kind who expected special
trains and guides, and if they could not cover the entire
work by five o'clock, wanted operations continued until six,
so that they could be entertained with scenes of activity.
It was necessary to clear one's throat twice before venturing
to talk.
We could see the visitors approaching the office, either
in the brake or walking up the path. Then the remark
would be made: "There's another bunch of those -
visitors," and our feelings would not have subsided by the
time they arrived in the office. We were frequently
annoyed, too, by the visits of distinguished foreigners, who
understood the English language imperfectly, and it was
,exceedingly difficult, when interpreters were lacking, to
make them comprehend what it was proposed to do to give
them an opportunity to see the work.
One distinguished visitor, in the person of the head of
the engineering of Public Works Department of Haiti,

came with a letter from the American Minister to that
Republic. Until I read the letter, I thought he was applying
for a job as messenger. It was thought that anybody in
the office would resent being detailed to show the distin-
guished Haitian around, so it was finally decided to give him
a letter of introduction "to all concerned" and leave him to
his own devices. We never heard from or of him again,
but I always felt some curiosity to know how he was
received when he handed the letter to some roughneck fellow
Chagrian out on the work. It did not, however, lead to
diplomatic complications. In all probability, by the time
he returned his party had been overthrown and his expense
account not even allowed.
I recollect only one visitor who had a keen appreciation
of the situation with respect to letters of introduction. He
made a deep impression upon me. He belonged to the
Smith family-H. F. Smith-and he hailed from Nash-
ville. The time was February, .1911. As he presented his
letter of introduction, he remarked:
"I suppose you get plenty of these."
I admitted that, judging by the swarm of visitors, a great
deal of interest in the Canal was being manifested in the
States. He next observed:
"I imagine you are bothered a good deal by people like
me with letters of introduction."
I ventured to explain that a great many persons called,
and, while we endeavored to extend them courtesies, it was
at times exceedingly difficult to make the necessary arrange-
ments to take care of all.

"Well," said he, with a smile, "you may take this com-
forting assurance to your soul: it'll grow worse." Mr.
Smith was a true prophet.
Before the operation of the sight-seeing train, an effort
was made to provide for visitors by utilizing the motoi
cars to take them over the work, but, in order to look after
them all, it would have been necessary to have as many
motor cars as the Germans have submarines. But the sight-
seeing train removed a very large part of the burden, and
it was a great satisfaction, either over the 'phone" or
when they called at the office, to be able to inform them
of the schedule of the sight-seeing train.
An editor from the State of Ohio wrote advising Colonel
Goethals of the pleasure to which he might look forward,
and enclosing a letter from President Taft bespeaking spe-
cial courtesies for the distinguished citizen of his home
State. Colonel Goethals left for Washington in the mean-
time and unselfishly transferred to me the forthcoming
pleasure. The gentleman was a passenger on the tourist
steamer Von Moltke, of the Hamburg-American Line, and
I ascertained this would enable him to honor the Isthmus
for a day only. I thought the best arrangement would be
a private car attached to the end of the train which was to
cross and recross the Isthmus to give the tourists an oppor-
tunity to see something of Canal operations. Also, in
accordance with instructions, I met him at the steamer.
The private car proved the "proper hunch" and "real
thing." It seemed to tickle his fancy greatly, enabling him
to show his importance. Mr. X-- was accompanied
by his wife, and he, not too unobtrusively, invited several
acquaintances they had made on the steamer to go with

them aboard the car. I was informed that Governor
Draper, of Massachusetts, accompanied by his daughter,
was also making the tour on the steamer and that he had
likewise a letter to Colonel Goethals from the President.
I advised Mr. X--- of this, and told him I wished to
invite Governor Draper and his daughter on the car. Mr.
X- at once demurred; said he wanted the car to
himself and that the proposed addition to the party would
overcrowd himself and his friends. As he acted so much
as though he were paying for the car, I told him very
decidedly that I felt sure Colonel Goethals would want
Governor Draper invited on the car and I intended to ask
him. I accordingly did, but the Governor declined. I
imagined that he had run across Mr. X- on the ship
and was better satisfied not to make the short continental
trip with him on the same car.
It was necessary for me to do so, but, as only perfunctory
and elemental questions were asked me about the Canal
work, I was not eveit driven to fake answers. The private
car filled the soul of the gentleman from Ohio, and he sat
back dreamily, smoking a cigar, occasionally condescending
to look out at the landscape or take a casual view of a piece
of construction work to which his attention was attracted
by some member of the party. When we reached Panama,
I told him the private car would be attached to the train
on the return trip, and, gladly saying farewell (and a few
other things to myself), left him to his own devices.
The following incident caused much amusement at the
time. In the holiday season of December, 1909, a party
of Senators visited the Isthmus, among them Senator

Oliver, of Pennsylvania. During their visit the following
unsigned cablegram was received:
"Nothing yet."

The operator, not knowing Senator Oliver was on the
Isthmus, ascertained there was an employee by that name
living at Empire, and transmitted the cablegram to him.
The cablegram, evidently, was of some importance, as sev-
eral inquiries were later received by the cable company
asking why it had not been delivered to Senator Oliver.
Thereupon the operator called upon Mr. Oliver, at Empire,
for a statement as to why he had accepted without question
a cablegram which clearly was not intended for him. In
the explanation which he submitted, Mr. Oliver stated that
he had every reason to suppose the cablegram was from his
wife, who was in the States expecting to be confined.
There have been many Good Fellows on the Isthmus and
we are inclined to think our particular crowd the best of
all. But a better-hearted, more companionable crowd than
the bunch in the Chairman's office never worked together.
There existed good fellowship; the faculty of being able
to give and take raillery, and to play and accept practical
jokes; the desire to be helpful to each other when there
was a rush of work; a readiness to assist in distress, by
loaning money, or subscribing for wedding presents. There
were many faults, but they were usually of the heart.
At times there were, possibly, too much practical joking,
but this was largely due to the fact that the work, governed
chiefly by the boat schedule, came in bunches. For several'

days overtime would be a necessity, and then would come
a breathing spell. During this letup the boys would occa-
sionally indulge in practical jokes, and if they had shown
as much initiative and application in connection with other
things as in this line, some of them would have become dis-
tinguished. Like all practical jokers, they went too far
at times; but some of the jokes were well thought out and
exceedingly clever, and the wisest would fall for them.
I wonder what changes time has wrought and whether the
stately new* Administration Building, with its dignified air,
has destroyed the practical joke germ.
Most of the jokes concerned individuals in the office and
are not of general interest; but I remember an "official"
circular, which was changed and posted on the bulletin
board, that nearly caused an official investigation. A
division engineer was to take his vacation, and a circular
was accordingly issued that
"During the absence on leave of ...................
Division Engineer, the work of. the Division will be per-
formed by Mr...................... Assistant Division
To this circular were added the words "as usual."
The circular was permitted to remain on the bulletin
board only for a short time. It was posted sufficiently long,
however, to be read by a high official, who instituted care-
ful inquiries, but without results. It appears that the
method pursued by the author was to place the circular
marked "bulletin board" in the basket, and it had then been
posted by the messenger in the regular course of business.
In February, 1908, a photograph was taken of the then
Acting Chairman at his desk by a Mrs. M., a representative

of Leslie's Weekly. I remember her quite well, as I was
sent with her afterwards through the Cut on a motor car
when she obtained some views of the Canal work. During
this trip we narrowly escaped being bumped by a backing
dirt train, and, in order to avoid the threatened collision,
we hurriedly jumped from the car, resulting, in my case, in
a sprained ankle which laid me up in the hospital for five
days. The Acting Chairman was quite pleased to sit for
his picture, and in order that the scene might be properly
set, he called for a large bunch of papers an1 files to be
placed on his desk, and the photograph showed him, pen
in hand, deeply immersed in work and confronted, seem-
ingly, by problems of immensity. The Chairman had always
refused requests of this kind from photographers. It was
for us to smile, even if the public was gulled.
I recall a practical joke that DePutron attempted to per-
petrate, but which proved a deadly failure. It was seldom,
however, that his efforts were so wasted. It was during
one of the visits of the Committee on Appropriations and
it was rumored there were to be general reductions in sal-
aries. It was at a time, too, when several requests had
been submitted by employees. of the office for increases in
pay. DePutron conceived the idea that it would be a good
way to head off these requests by sending around a memo-
randum stating the Committee on Appropriations were of
the opinion that salaries were entirely too high, and that
it was proposed to reduce the amount appropriated for
this purpose. With this end in view, the Committee de-
sired to obtain statements of the amount of pay now received
by each employee, and the least amount for which he would
agree to serve.