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ety of the Chagres
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PUBLISHED FOR THE SOCIETY
JOHN 0. COLLINS. Publisher,
of the Chagres
Y 'AR- BOOK
"the PA 7ar .f?leseum
rma Canal Museum
GV.Ytfhe Pattena CaM Museum
I. C. C. PRESS
MOUNT HOPE, C. Z.
STI, ,- I--
July 22 to Auggst 12, 1911.
WILLIAM F. SEIPLEY CAPT. R.
C. A. MclLVA4~if ,,. J. K. BAXTER
Augusl 12 to October 7, 1911.
JOHN K. BAXTER, Chairman.
C. ,A McILVAiNE, Treasurer.
JOHN J. MEEHAN Wa.LtA F.
CAPT. R. E. WOOD w
OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY
SHIPLEY .' :
October 7, 1911, to January 20, 1912.
COL. WILLu.M CRAWFORD GORGAS
DR. LLOYD NOLAND
C. A. MCILVAINE
Members of the Executive Committee.
JOHN K. BAXTER JOHN J. MEEHAN
JOHN BURKE CAPT. R. E. WOOD
. 111* ,
JoaN K. BAxT R
-t ''- '. '*WrLLIAM F. S IPLEY
-Members of Executive ,. ittee.
CAPT. R. E. Woo "W. M. WOOD
C. A. MclLVAINE O'JJoHN J. MEEHAN
February 21, 1913, to anruary 17, 1914.
CoL. WLToAM. CAWFOR GO
SR. H. WARDLAWE
.Sr JOHN K. BAXTER
"*WrWLIAM F. SHIPLEY
-. Members of Executive Committee.
R CPTR..LL6D NOLAD H. S. FArWs
C. A. MCILVAINE '."lJOHN J. MEBHAN
February 21, 1913, to January 17, 1914.
COL WLIAM CRAWFOR GERALD D. BLISS
Secretary-Treasurer. A. A
*Vice Mr. John K. BatSHIPLEYgned
*-. ; ^ Members of Executire Committee. ,*. ;
DR. LLOYD NOLAND H. S. PARISH
DAN WRIGHT GERALD D. BLISS
*fC. L. PARKER.
*Vice Mr. John K. Baxter,.resigned.
tVice Dr. Lloyd Noland, resigned.
4. -- ,:,-
.. .Adopted bythe Society of the Chagres at its meeting held at the
Strangers Club, Colon, Republic of Panama, October 7, 1911. 4
ARTICLE 1. The name of this Society shall be "The SocIETY
OF THE CHAGRES."
ART. 2. The objects of the Society shall be to hold an annual .
reunon of the members, and to publish annually a roster of their- -
names and current addresses; to keep alive the pleasant associa- "
tions and memories connected with the work in which they have
each spent six or more years of their lives; and to promote their
common interests by such other means as may appear desirable .
from year to year.
ART. 3. Membership in the Society shall be limited to white
employees of the Isthmian Canal Commission or of the Panama
Rail Road Company of good character, who have earned the
Roosevelt Canal Medal and two bars prior to the official opening
of the Canal.
ART. 4. The Society shall hold its regular annual meeting on the
night of the third Saturday in January. Special meetings may be
calledby the President, if necessity therefore should arise. Meet-
Sings shall be held on the Isthmus of Panama until the year 1915
and thereafter, either on the Isthmus or in any city of the United
States as the Society shall determine from year to year.
ART. 5. The officers of the Society shall be a President, a
Vice-President, a Secretary-Treasurer, and an Executive Commit-
tee consisting of the foregoing and four other members. No
salaries shall be paid to the officers, and, excepting the Secretary-
Treasurer, no officer who has served one full'term shall be eligible
for reelection for the next ensuing term.
ART. 6. The President shall preside at meetings of the Society
and of the Executive Committee.
ART. 7. The Vice-President shall act in the absence of the
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T. 8. The Secretary-Treasurer shall ~eep all records df the
;' Scity, collect its initiation fees and 'ds,-and have the custody
of its funds. He shall acknowledge all receipts m writing, and
s secure the President's approval for all expenditures. He shall
be bonded at the expense of the Society, and he shall submit to the
Society an annual report of his receipts and di-bursements. ,
ART. 9. The Executive Committee shall carry out the plans of
the Society from year to year; make all necessary arrangements
for the annual reunion; pass on the eligibility of applicants for
.T :I..embership, audit the accounts of the Secretary-Treasurer; "and
; publish a year-book to contain a roster of the members with their
Surrent addresses and biographical notes; and the reports of the
officers of the Society. ,i
' 'ART. 10. The Executive Committee shall be authorized to
S select a member of the Society to fill aiy vacancy in the office of
SPresident, Vice-President, Secretary-Treasurer, or in its own
membership, which may occur during the course of the year.
ARTS II. Four members of the Executive Committee shall
conatdute a quorum for the transaction of business, provided due
noticiol the meeting shall have been given to all members, in-
cludiig those absent.
ART. 12. The Executive Committee is authorized to pass reim-
ybursement vouchers to cover actual expenses incurred by officers
or members in transacting the necessary business of the Society.
ART. 13. The Executive Committee is not authorized to incur
expenses which wiie.xceed the amount of funds in the Treasury.
ART. 14. The emblem of the Society shall be a circular pin or
button, nine-sixteenths of an inch in diameter, showing, on a black
background surrounded by a narrow gold border, six horizontal
bars in gold The emblem shall be issued by the Secretary-
Trea_.urer t quali6ed members only, upon payment of an initia-
:ion fee sudcient to cover its cost, and of dues for one year.
ART. 15.'~ -' nrllual dues shall be three dollars, payable on
January l ^lor the next ensuing year; provided that only char-
ter members will be required to pay dues for the year 1911.
Only members who shall have joined the Society on or before
October 7, 1911, shall be charter members.
ART. 16. Any ten members may nominate a fellow member
for election to any of the offices of the Society, but all such nomi-
nations musitbe subijttedto the Secretary-Treasurer in writing
not later than. October' 3, As'soon thereafter as possibletiut,
in arfy event not lateithatlNovember 15, the Secretary-Trea rrer .
shall prepare Td mail to eaci member of the Society a ballot oh-
taining the names of all candidates nominated for each office. :-
At the annual meeting of thoSociety, the vote cast by letter bhl-
lot shall be canvassed, and those candidates receiving a plurality
of the votes shall be declared elected.
ART. 17. Amendments to this Constitution may be proposed*
by bny ten members, and shall be submitted to the Society by the
SSecretar3-Treasurer for vote by letter ballot. Two-thirds of te .
votes cast shall be necessary to carry an amendment; provided,
however, that an amendment of Article 3 may be made only with
the concurrence of twlithirds of the entire membership, by letter
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LIST OF MEMBERS OF THE SOCIETY OF T
SCHAGRES, APRIL 21, 1913.
S *Charter Members.
91 Albrecht, John E.
%W Andrews, Isaac H.
p4 Andrews, Rollen F.
A5 *Angel, J. C.
Vr6 *Armiger, George .
6; 7 *Ashto% W. F.
9 *Atterbiffy, Thomas C.
10 *Austin, Charles B.
-11 *Avery, James A.
12 Azima, Michael C.A)
13 Babbitt, R. W.0
M14 Bailey, Robert
%,15 Barnes, Wm. I.
4t6 Barnett, James C.
17 *Barte, George A.
18 Bates, Phil M.V
19 Bates, W. H.0
^20 Bath, Charles H.
21 Baxter, H.
-22 *Baxter, John K.
'-'23 Beam, W. I.
-"24 Beard, Frederick S.
0-25 *Beckel, W. 0
26 *Bedell, W. H.
*27 Beetham, Charles H.
28 *Belt, Josiah I
-29 *Benninger, Sherman A.
S30 *Berger, Albert
S1 *Bergin, Ralph W.
*32 Betebenner, Howard
s3 *Beverley, E. P.
-34 Bissell, Walter J J
s35 Blake, Arthur O.
S -46 Blakeman, Will C.
37 Bliefield, William t'
*-38 Bliss, Gerald D.
""39 Bloss, Harry I.
r-40 *Bodette, William
-41 Boland, John
"'42 *Booth, Rufus K.
"-3 *Bottenfield, F. M. D.
r-44 *Bovay, Harry E.
45 Boyle, Edward M. 1)
.-46 *Bradberry, Randall'TrP
-47 Bradney, Madison F.
"48 Brady, Clyde
*"49 *Brewer, W. T.
50 Bridges, Harry L. ,
51 Broderick, Timothy J.1
-52 Bronk, A. E.
53 Brown, E. iL.
-64 Brown, George
15 Brown, Robert H.
'56 Brown, Walter G.
57 Brown, Warren E.
58 Brown, Warren J.3
59 Bryant, Joseph H.
60 Buchan, George
61 Burdge, Leroy E.
62 *Burke, John
63 Burmester, Edward A.
64 Burnham, Howard D.
65 *Bushnell, H. H.
66 Butler, James E.
67 Butters, Charles M.
68 *Caldwell, Bert W.
69 Calvert, F. G.
70 Cameron, Florence Bell
71 *Cantwell, Matthew D.
72 *Cappers, W. F.
.73 *Carpenter, Marcy H.
S 74 *Carroll, Lon N.
75 Carson, George B.
76 Carter, Charles H.
77 Carter, William
78 tCatto, John F.
79 Chamberlain, Daniel T.
80 *Chester, W. C.
" 81 *Clark, T. H.
82 *Cleary, J. W.
83 *Clement, Charles C.
84 Clisbee, Frank A.
-* 85 *Close, Joseph A.
';86 Coffey, N. E.
87 Cohen, Jacob
88 *tColip, E. H.
89 Comber, W. G.
90 Conlan, Charles P.
91 Conner, Frank W.
9" *. Connolly, M. B.
93 Connor, M. E.
-94 *Connors, Neil
F95 'Conrad, Moise
S96 *Constantine, John
97 Cook, Charles B.
98 *Cookc, Tom M.
99 *Cornish, Frank L.
100 Cornish, Mrs. Frank L.
101 *Cornwell, Albert E.
102 Corrigan, John P.
103 *Corrigan, Joseph A.
104 Corrigan, Peter F.
105 Cosgrove, James
106 *Cotton, Arthur E.
107 Cotton, Frank
108 Crabtree, George H.
109 *Crafts, Charles P.
110 Craig, James G.
111 Culbertson, X. W.
112 Curran, Taylor T.
113 Custy, Thomas
114 Daly, Charles C.
115 *Davidson, Silas
116 Davies, Richard M.
117 *Davis; John R.
118 Davoll, Charles E.
119 Dawson, A. J.
120 Decker, Elizabeth
121 DeGrummond, J. R.
122 Delano, Fred E.
123" tDeLa.VeeJ. C.
124 Deneen, .-
125 deObarrio, P.
126 'Dewling, Andrew W.
127 Dibowski, Charles J.
128 Dickinson, Albert M.
129 Dickinson, William E.
130 'Dillon, V. C.
131 Dohrmann, Henry W.
132 Donahoe, Tim J.
133 *Donahue, Daniel F.
134 Donaldson. William J.
135 'Douglas, Gavin
136 Dovell, J. P.
137 Driscoll, Michael J.
138 *Duckworth, J. T. *
139 *Duey, C. W.
140 Duncan, Samuel
141 *Dunning, W. E.
142 Dutroyv, H. V.
143 Earhart, Triy W.
144 *Eason, John J.
145 *Edholm, Karl
146 Ekedahl, Olaf
147 *Ellerbe, J. C.
148 *Emery, Walter
149 *Englander, Max
150 Eno, Harry
151 Ensey, C. R.
152 *Erginzinger, William J.
153 Ernstdorf, Arthur R.
154 Erskine, William A.
155 Ewing, Ora M.
156 Fagan, Samuel
157 *Fairbanks, Helen G.
158 Falkner, George E.
159 Falkner, William H.
160 *Farish, H. S.
161 *Farmer, Alfred G.
162 Farrell, William H.
163 *Faure, Ad.
164 Fechtig, E. M.
165 *Feld, Frederick A.
166 Fennell, B. M.
167 *Ferber, Louise A.
168 *Ferebee, F. B.
169 Fey, William L.
170 *Finley, Lee L.
171 Fisher Allen D.
172 Fleisch [saac H.
173 'Floyd, Frank
174 'Forman, J. C.
175 Foster, Elmo M. 4
176 Foster, William F.
177 Fowler, Jay Frank
S178 Fox, Maurice W.
'179 Frarow, Peter
180 French, Marvin L.
181 'Frost, Julia NM.
182 Gallagher, Harry J.
183 Gallagher, William P.
184 Galliher, Edward L.
185 Gannon, Harry F.
186 Garcon, Edward J.
187 *Garrison, Edgar S.
S188 Garvin, Patrick J.,
189 Geddes, Albert H.
190 Geddes, C. R.
191 Gerow, William
192 *Gibson, John K.
193 Gilbert, James J.
194 *Gilbert, William
195 *Gilkey, Lloyd L.
196 *Gilmore, C. E.
197 Gilmore, Maurice E.
198 Glaw, R. W.
199 *Goldsmith, Edwin F. J.
200 Goodenow, A. B.
201 *Gorgas, W. C.
202 Gorham, F. L.
203 *Gorham, George H.
204 Gorham, Luzella G.
205 Graham, William F.
206 *Greeley, H. L.
207 *Green, W. H.
208 *Greene, Frank E.
209 Grier, Jr., Samuel
210 *Griggs, Albert C.
211 Grinder, Joseph B.
212 *Grissom, J. T.
213 Grove, Blanche
214 Groves, Richard B.
215 *Guderian, Frederick
216 *Gudger, H. A.
217 *Hackenberg, Austin L.
218 Hairies, Abram L.
219 Halligan, Thomas M.
220T *Halloran, George B.
221 Hamilton, C. J.
222 Hammond, Robert S,
223 Hanson, H. C.
224 Harris, Charles H.
225 Harrison, T. William
226 *Harrod, Ernest E.
227 Hart, Henry A.
228 Hartley, Edwin B.
229 *Harvey, R. J.
230 Harwood, Robert
231 Hathaway, Milton S.
232 Hayes, Harry S.
233 Haynes, John N.
234 Hehn, Mary
235 Heinrich, Amandus
236 Henkle, Benjamin F.
237 *Henry, William D.
238 Herman, Albert O.
239 Herrick, Alfred B.
240 Herrington, Walter W.
241 Heverly, Ernest W.
242 Hoagland, Richard C.
243 tHolcomb, BenonitE.
244 *Holden, George
245 *Holliday, Mary
246 Hollowell, Fred
247 *Hostetter, H. O.
248 *Houston, J. F.
249 Howard, R. C.
250 Howe, Herbert H.
251 Hoyt, P. G.
252 *Hubbard, E. L.
253 Hughes, William E.
254 Hull, William G.
255 Hummer, C. D.
256 *Humphreys, James T.
257 *Hunt, J. St. Clair
258 *Hunter, C. D.
259 Hunter, George
260 *Huntoon, Robert J.
261 Illia, John D.
262 *Jackson, J. J.
263 James, William M.
264 *Jenkins, Ben
265 Johannes, Guy
266 John, William W.
267 Johnson, Nelson R.
268 Johnson, Pearl A.
269 Jones, Annie L.
IC '" ~
270 Jorgensen, Einar L.
271 Julien, Clark
.272 Jury, Frank J.
S'273 *Jussen, A. S.
274 t*Kallish, B. A.
? 275 Kane,JohnH.
276 Keefe, John H.
277 Keeler, Thomas L.
278 *Keeling, E. A.
279 Keeling, James R.
S'280 Kemp, Sr., James
281 *Kendall, Charles E.
S" 282 Kenealy, Partick F.
2W Kennedy, Archie
S 84 Kennedy, Arthur W.
--,.- 285 Keyser, Elgie M.
S 286 *Kiernan, J. C.
287 King, John M.
288 Kirby, Jeremiah F.
'2 89 Kirk, George E.
290 Kittel, Charles
291 Koerner, Charles F.
282 Krueger, Charles J.
293 Kyte, E. M.
294 *Ryte. J. P.
Larcom, B. L.
*Laughlin, R. E.
Lawlor, William A.
Lawrence, Wilbur S.
Lewis, Clifford C.
Lewis, Fitz J.
Lingle, George S.
Lohman, Charles H.
Lotz, Henr W. *
Loulan, James A.
Loulan, John T.-
*Lu, chesi, A. P.
Luce, R. H.
Luckey, John J.
Luedtke, C. L.
*Lundishef, Alexander A.
3?Q L e ithur T.
32t- Lyn', Lewis M.
32J2,,Lymri; William J.
323. Lyons, Mar) V.
324 *MacCormack, D. W.
325 Mack, Frank
326 *Mackereth, Adelaide P.
327 Mackintosh. Joseph
328 MacLean, Neil
329 MNacPherson, George W.
330 Mahoney, Patrick J.
331 Major, John I.
332 Malia, John T.
333 Malsbury, 0. E.
334 *Mansfield, Henry C.
335 Marsh, William H.
336 Martin, James E.
337 *Martin, William A.
338 Mason, A. P.
339 *Mattimore, H. B.
340 *Maxon, William E.
341 McCann, W. E.
342 McCoin, 0. E.
343 McCollough, D. H.
344 McCormack, William T.
345 McCormick, Edward B.
346 McCormick, Percy C.
347 McCulloch, John A.
348 *McDonald, D. E.
349 McGimsey, J. V.
350 *McGown, A.
351 McGuigan, Joseph J.
352 *McIlvaine, C. A.
353 McKenna, R. M.
354 McMahon, John C.
355 McNamara, Gordon G.
356 McNeal, George A.
357 McNutt, Edward E.
358 McRobert, William W.
359 *Mealer, Charles L.
360 *Meech, Marietta L.
361 *Meehan, J. J.
362 *Middleton, N. B.
363 Mile. L. E.
364 Miller, Albert F.
365 -Mitchell, Earle C.
366 "Mitchel, Edward W.
367 Moffat, David H.
368 Montgomery, James M.
369 Moore, Edwa .- .-
3780 Moran, William A. 4G
371. Moreny, Vincent
372 Morley, J. Frank
373 *Morris, Robert K.
374 Morris, Webster
S375 Morrison, W. F.
':. 376 *Mullin, John W.
377 *Murphy, Robert E.
378 Murphy, Zan
379 Murray, John J.
380 Naegele, Ferdinand
381 *Nelson, Clyde A.
382 *Nichols, A. B.
383 Nielsen, C. L.
384 Nims, Willard W.
385 *Ninas, George A.
386 *Noland, Lloyd
387 Northrop, Jr., CharlesW.
388 *Nunn, Numa
O'Neal, Lucius A.
Orenstein, A. J.
*Otis, Harry W.
*Owens, Charles T.
*Palmer, E. W.
Palmer, George W. A.
*Parker, Charles L.
Parmeter, Frank S.
*Patterson, A. C.
*Patterson, W. O.
*Pender, W. I.
Pendry, Charles A.
Pennell, George B.
Perkins, Samuel M.
*Perry, J. C.
Perry, Walter L. G.
*Perry, Wilbur S.
Persons, Charles L.
Peterson, Julius M.'
*Phillips, John L.
417 Pickel, Oscar C.
418 Pickett, Ira W.
419 *Pierce, Claude C.
420 Polk, William F.
421 Poole, Bernell C.
422 *Potter, Russell B.
423 *Potts, Frederick A.
424 Potts, I. R.
425 Potts, S. C.
426 Prial, Mary
427 Price, E. E.
428 Price, H.
429 Pring, Clyde E.
430 Quinby, Benjamin C.*
431 Rabbitt, David F.
432 Rall, Emil J.
433 Randall, Ortez G.
434 Raymond, Frank
435 Readle, William H.
436 Reed, Edward L.
437 Reeder, Dennis F.
438 *Reid, Howard M.
439 *Reidy, J. J.
440 Reynolds, William T.
441 Richmond, John
442 Roberts, Richard
443 Robertson, William T.
444 *Robinson. A. L.
445 Robinson, Rennie R.
446 Roche, Paul Edward
447 Roessner, William E.
448 Roudabush, Robert M.
449 Rounsevell, Guy K.
450 *Rowe, Hartley
451 Rowley, William
452 *Ruggles, George H.
453 *Russell, Genevieve
454 Russell, William G.
455 Rutledge, Richard B.
456 *Sands, R. M.
457 *Sawtelle, H. W.
458 Scheats, L. G.
459 SelbyF Payne
460 *Sessions, A. C.
461 Sexton, Charles B.
462 *Shady, R. C.
463 Shaw1 Charles A.
464 *Shipley, William F.
465 Sibert, William L.
466 Sickler, Albert F.
467 Siggins, Michael
i468 Simkins, A. B.
A469 *Simmons, Clinton O.
470 Simpson, S. S.
471 *Sims, Eli
472 *Sinclair, Joseph M.
473 *Sine, Elwood P.
474 Singer, J. S.
475 *Sisson, Benjamin F.
476 Slater, Arthur A.
.- 477 *Smith, Drew E.
'478 Smith, Eleanor J.
"479 *Smith, Jay M.
480 *Smith, Jr., John H.
481 Smith, Julian C.
482 Smith, LeRoy
. 483 Smith, Thomas H.
S484 Snediker, Randolph E.
.485 Sommerville, Robert
486 *Sonneman, Otto F.
487 Spalding, W. J.
488 Speicher, John
489 Spencer, Alfred E.
490 Sprouse, Frances P.
491 *Start, Arthur E.
492 *St. Clair, Dan
493 *Stephens, Walter E.
494 *Stevens, Fletcher
495 Stevens, Masters B.
496 Stevenson, Jesse H.
497 Stewart, A. B.
498 *Stewart, F. F.
499 Stewart, Malcolm
500 Stocchini, T. F.
501 Stoddard, Charles
502 Stoddard, Richard J.
503 Stoehr, George P.
504 Stolberg, Ernest W.
505 Stone, Archibald K.
506 *Storm, W. H.
507 Strobridge, Fred L.
508 Strock, William T.
509 *Strong, George W.
510 Strong, James M.
511 Stubrinr, Charles E.
512 Sturdivant, Roy H.
513 Swain, Bernie E.
514 *Swanson, Ft G.
-winehart, Charles M.
516 Taber, John A.
517 Tabqr, Charles S.
518 *Talty, John W.
519 Tannehill, J. W.
520 Ta\lor, Richard G.
521 Ta lor, William
522 Taylor, William D.
523 *Tenn), M. W.
524 Textor, Harry N.
525 Thaxton, Cullen D. .
526 Thompson, Charles W,
527 Thompson, E. R.
528 *Thompson, F. Y.
529 Thompson, Thomas C.
530 *Thompson, W. L.
531 *Tipton, George W.
532 *tTobin, Edwin
533 Townsend, Lester A.
534 *Tragsdorf, William E.
535 Trask, Henry R.
536 *Tucker, James E.
537 *Turner, Anna R.
538 Turner, Edward G.
539 Turner, Edward K.
540 *Tysinger, J. D.
541 *Vance, De Witt C.
542 Vandeburgh, C. L.
543 Vandenberg, Harry
544 Van Hardeveld, John A.
545 *Van Zandt, C. L.
546 Vaughn, Emmett I.
547 Wahlquist, Oscar
548 *Walker, Clement
549 Walker, R. B.
550 Walling, Clifford T.
551 *Walraven, Francis W.
552 *Wardlaw, R. H.
553 *Warner, A. M.
554 *Warren, H. P.
555 *Warren, J. C.
556 Warren, Rudolph G
557 Weber, H. E.
558 Webster, Mrs. A. J.
559 Webster, J. Leon
560 Webster, Lewis
561 *Weems, M. A.
562 Weidman, Charles E.
563 Weidman,sraFik.' 582 *Willson, Fred De S.
564. Weitz, William H. 583 *Willson, L. E.
565 Wentworth, Everett A. 584 Wilson, Charles M.
S566 Westburg, John E. 585 *Wilson, Paul S.
567 Westcott, Fred Ml. 586 Windes, William N.
568 Weston, Albert F. 587 Wirz, Charles C. J.
569 Whaler, John W. 588 Wolverton, David R.
570 Whipple, C. Earl 589 tWood, Benjamin F.
571 *Whitaker, C. L. 590 *Wood, R. E. .,
572 White, F. D. 591 *Wood, William M.
573 White, James 592 *Woods, J. T.
574. White, Mark 593 Woodside, James
575 'White, S. M. 594 Woodsum, Walter C.
576 "White. Walter J. 595 Wright, Dan
577 iWhitehead, Wilbur W. 596 *Wynne, J.
S578 *Whitney, George A.
579 Whyte, Walter J. 597 Young, Thomas H.
580 Williams, E. J.
581 Williamson, James D. 598 Zinn, A. S.
- .1. 'f a
THE ORGANIZATION OF THE SOCIETY. f
By D. W. MAcCoRMACK.
For some time prior to the formation of
the Society of the Chagres it had been felt
that there should exist some insignia or organ-
ization which would serve to identify and
bring together on the Isthmus and in aftertime
those men and women who had given some-
years of their lives to the building of the Pan-
The first move in this direction was made by
Mr. W. F. Shipley, who, on June 20, 1911, pre-
pared the draft of a memorial to be signed
by employees who had been in the service
six or more years for presentation to the Chair-
man and Chief Engineer. It stated that the
signers were in receipt of or entitled to a
canal medal with two bars; that such a medal
was too large and heavy to be worn commonly
Sand if lost could not be replaced without the
expenditure of considerable time and trouble;
that they were proud of their six years' serv-
ice on the Isthmus and would like some in-
signia representing their service for conve-
nient daily wear, and requested that a button
be awarded to each employee of the Isthmian
Canal Commission or Panama Rail Road Com-
pany to represent the canal medal and two
bars awarded for six years' service. This
piemorial was sent by Mr. Shipley to Capt.
R. E. Wood with the request that he express
his views and secure those of Messrs. C. A.
'.McIlvaine and John K. Baxter. Mr. Mc-
*"' Ilvaine was of the opinion that no insignia
except the medal should be issued by the
Commission and suggested the formation of
an Old Timers' Club, the purchase of the
button to constitute membership under proper
rules. Mr. Baxter, in a memorandum to
Captain Wood expressed a doubt that the
Commission could be induced to take any
action with reference to the proposed button,
but thought that a voluntary organization,
with the button as its device, would be worth
while and stated that he would be glad to
help organize such an association. Captain
Wood then wrote to Mr. Shipley on July 20,
saying that he -concurred in the opinions
expressed by Messrs. Baxter and McIlvaine.
On July 22 Mr. Shipley wrote to Mr. Baxter
stating that he agreed with the conclusions
reached, ard suggested, as he was to leave
the Isthmus within three months, that Mr.
Baxter taken' hand the formation of a vol-
untary organization for which official re-
cognition might eventually be obtained.
At Mr. Baxter's request a list of those.
employees who would have completed six years!
continuous service prior to November 1, 1911,
was compiled by Mr. A. M. Warner. Those
eligible were found to number 400, and as it
was impracticable to get that number to- '
gether to perfect an organization, a circular
was sent to about 80, asking them to meet at
the University Club in Panama on the even-
ing of August 12, 1911. This was signed by
the preliminary organization committee, con-
sisting of William F. Shipley, R. E. Wood,
C. A. McIlvaine, and John K. Baxter.
Tentative drafts for a constitution were
prepared by Messrs Shipley and McIlvaine
and were discussed at the preliminary organ-
ization meeting which was presided over by
Mr. Baxter as temporary chairman, with Mr.
McIlvaine as secretary. The temporary chair-
man was instructed to form an executive com-
mittee of five of which he would be the chair-
man, to conduct the affairs of the organization
until the first general 'meeting, which was
set for October 7, 1911. bTe executive com-
mittee was directed to choose a name and
emblem for the Society and to redraft the
constitution for final approval at the general "
meeting. The committee naMed, as directed
at the preliminary meeting, consisted of John
*,K. Baxter, Chairman; C. A. Mcllvaine, Treas-
Sarer; John J. Meehan; William F. Shipley;
.: R. E. Wood. '
Between the meetings of August 7 and
'. October 12 the executive committee redrafted
:.., the constitution and had it printed. A copy
~-,was sent to each employee who would be eligi-
:-ble for membership on or before November
1:-, 1911, with a letter outlining the objects of
the Society and extending an invitation to
joip. Suggestions for a name and emblem.
'were requested and a number received. The
committee resolved to adopt Mr. W. G. Com-
ber'ssuggestion for the name and that offered by
Mr. C. A. McIlvaine for an emblem; the name
to be the "Society of the Chagres" and the
emblem a circular pin 9/16 of an inch in dia-
meter showing, on a black enamel background,
six horizontal bars in gold to symbolize the
six years' service on the Isthmus, which would
be the primary qualification for membership,
the name of the member and date of entering
the service to te engraved on the back of the
The first general meeting was held at the
Strangers Club, in Colon, on the evening of
': October 7, 1911. At this meeting the recom-
" mendations of the executive committee for a.
name and emblem for the Society were api-
proved. The constitution was discussed article.'
by article and adopted without material change
other than a provision that Article III, pre- ':
scribing the qualifications for membership,
should not be amended unless with the con- ,.'
currency of two-thirds of the entire member- :
ship. An effort was made to secure an amend- '
ment to this article to provide for an associate
membership of 25 men or women who had
rendered distinguished service on the Isthmus
or in the United States in connection with
the building of the Canal, yet by reason of
noncitizenship or service of less than six years
on the Isthmus were debarred from active
membership. The expressed sentiment of the
meeting, however, was against the amendment
and it failed to carry.
After the adoption of the constitution, the
following officers were elected for the period
October 7, 1911, to January 20, 1912:
WILLIAM CRAWFORD G"RGAS, President;
LLOYD NOLAND, Vice-President; C. A. Mc-
ILVAINE, Secretary-Treasurer; Members of the
Executive Committee, JonH K. BAXTER, JOHN
J. MEEHAN, JOHN BURKE, R. E. WOOD. At
Sthe end of the meeting the charter roll was
closed with a total membership' of 207.
*-. ^. S
FIRaT ANNUAL BANQUET
THE SOCIETY OF THE CHAGRES
TvoLI HOTEL, ANCON, CANAL ZONE '
Saturday Evenilg January Twentieth :
Nineteen Hundred and Twelve
OYSTER COCKTAIL CmER
Celery Salted Almonds
CLUB STEAK voax BREW
Escalloped Oysters SoufBf Potatoes ON DRAUGHT
Cheese and Crackers Demi Tasse SCOTCH
ijr. EDWARD J. WILLIAMS, 'Toastmaster
The Objects of the Society
N Mr. JOHN KIRKMAN BAXTER
SSoamitary Conditions as We Found Them in 1904
SCol. W. C. GORGAS
An Honest Job
Hon. H. A. GUDGER
The Construction of the Canal a School of Citisenship
Col. TOM M. COOKE
After the Canal
Capt. R. E. WOOD
Mr. JOHN BURKE
The Real Reason We Are Here
Mr. J. J. MEEHAN
The 1911 Year Book was edited and compiled by
Mr. JOHN KIRKMAN BAXTER
The Menu and Service was in charge of
Mr. JoHN BURK
The Program of Addresses was arranged by
Dr. LLOYD NOLAND and Mr. EDWRD J. WILLIAMS
.,< ^ ... ., .
A FEW REMARKS
;. BY CAPT. R. E. WOOD.
The Society of the Chagres held its first
annual banquet at the Tivoli, January 20,1912.
The Society was an experiment; the ban-*
quet, another. Most of us went with mild
curiosity; all of us returned-enthused mem-
Two hundred six-year men and women
gathered together in the lobbies of the Tivoli,
renewed old friendships, and swapped old ex-
When the banquet room was thrown open
and the diners had found their way to their
seats, there was a general realization that the
banquet was, in every detail, the most care-
fully planned and best executed of any ever
given on the Isthmus.
The menu was the right mean between the
Jeffersonian simplicity of ,,a' "Bryan dollar
dinner" and the elaborate sprees that cham-
bers of commerce and batnkers' associations
are wont to indulge in. The eatables were
enough, but not "too much"-likewise, the
drinkables. The diners adapted themselves
to the menu-they ate and drank enough,
but not "too much."
The Society of the Chagres Year Book made
its appearance and made an immediate hit.
Many became so engrossed in the thrilling
life histories of Bodette, Lundishef, and other
fellow members, that they almost failed to
do justice to the menu.
The Chagres hymnal was also produced
S and tried out-with plenty of enthusiasm if
not of melody. The song book has come to
stay. We are going to give it another try-out
The addresses are given in the Year Book.
I must, however, refer to that delivered by
the only one of last year's speakers who is no
longer with us-John Baxter. For its beauty
of expression, depth of thought and feeling,
that address will always be remembered by
those who were privileged to hear it as the
most eloquent ever delivered on the Isthmus.
E. J. Williams made, as always, an ideal
Toastmaster. He kept speakers and diners
both in a good humor-and that is some feat,
The banquet broke up, at just the right
time-with everyone convinced that the So-
ciety of the Chagres had come to stay and that
its first banquet had been in every way an
RECOLLECTIONS OF A TOASTMASTER.
Bi EDWARD J. WILLIAMS.
When the night finally arrived for the first
annual banquet of the Society of the Chagres,
January 20, 1912, the ballroom of the Hotel
Tivoli was transformed into what might be
called, in Canal parlance, a Miraflores dump.
It will not put too great a strain on the imagina-
tion to liken the waiters with their heavy trays
to trains loaded with spoil from the Cut.
Immediately each guest turned himself into
a Lidgerwood unloader, with marvelous re-
sults; while the cider, beer, and whisky ad-
mirably performed the duties of track-shifters;
moreover, it was demonstrated beyond a
doubt that as a handling plant, the old-fash-
ioned knife and fork can never be superseded
either by the cantilever crane, or by the over-
head cable system. The skill with which this
handling plant was operated seems the more
remarkable, when we remember that at the
date of the banquet, Burbank had not yet
succeeded in producing peas square enough
to insure their position on the knife. So com-
plete was the equipment and organization
that several cubic yards of beefsteak were.
removed in record time. ;..
The banquet proved to be the greatest
concrete mixer on the Isthmus. Every guest
could supply plenty of sand, although rocks
were rather. scarce among them, and the ce-
. ment was of that excellent quality used in
-cementing six years of friendship.
'-- Contrary to what has been seen at some
banquets, premature explosions were very
rare. Finally when the fuses were lighted
for the oratorical blasts, everybody was well
prepared. Plenty of warning was given to
careless bystanders to get out of the way, but
few availed themselves of the warning. The
compressed air for the speakers was furnished
from a central plant, and each speaker was in
an effervescing mood. The songs, the words
of which were local hits set to popular
tunes, were enthusiastically sung between the-
speeches, everyone standing, and they were
much enjoyed by everyone, including a large
group of uninvited tourists.
From first to last, the evening will long be
happily remember d'by the 300 veteran canal
diggers who assembled at the banquet table
of the Society of the Chagres on that memor-
S. .. -
THE SOCIETY OF THE CHAGRES-ITS AIMS.
By JOHN K. BAXTER.
Our Society is new and its aims have not
Seen very clearly defined. Of course, our
principal object for the present is to bring into
closer association the several hundred men
who came to the Isthmus when the work was
new and chaotic-and have remained the per-
manent nucleus of a constantly changing or-
ganization. For the future, it is proposed that
the Society shall be a means of communication
between these men, and enable each of them
to keep in touch with a greater number of his
friends and former associates than he could
hope to do through personal correspondence.
This much is clear. It remains to be considered
how we may best attain these principal objects
and what further objects the Society might
To promote our better acquaintance on the
Isthmus and to preservef"ou.: organization
through the future it is very important that
the Year Book should have the support of all
members. We want this annual publication
to show primarily where each'member is living
and what of interest has befallen him during
the preceding twelve months. The editor
can not obtain and publish this information
unless the individual members will freely
furnish it. No one who has not made the
attempt can realize how difficult it is to get..
several hundred men to reply to even the
simplest of circulars. This year the call for'
biographies was repeated four times, and yet
many members failed to respond. Some even
neglected to write their names and permanent
addresses on a postal card furnished them for
the purpose after three separate requests.
Next year, or the year after, when our mem-
bers are widely scattered, it will not be possible
to mail more than one call for information for
the Year Book. If you do not reply to that
first and only notice, the book will have to go
to press with a blank space under your name.
You may not think that this is of vital im-
portance, but it is. It is clear, to me at least,
that the Society can not live after the com-
pletion of the Canal and the dispersal of its
members unless the Year Book is made a suc-
cess, and it can; not succeed unless each indi-
vidual member will contribute promptly the
simple information that he will be called upon
It is not provided in the constitution that
the Year Book shall contain anything except
a directory of the members and information
concerning them. You will see that we have
also published this year several memorable
addresses to the men who have built the Canal,
delivered by two Presidents of the United
States and two Chairmen of the Isthmian
Canal Commission. This suggests a field of
activity for the Society in addition to those
already defined. I would like to see the Society
of the Chagres make a systematic collection
of documents relating to the construction of
the Canal, particularly in its early stages,
and having what may be somewhat vaguely
described as human interest. These docu-
ments should be published from time to time
in the Year Book. For instance, I would like
to make a collection of personal reminiscences
of the hardships, the makeshifts, and the pic-
turesque conditions of 1904 and the early part
of 1905. If I edit the next Year Book, as I
hope to do, I shall endeavor to include several
narratives of this sort as a principal feature.
It has also occurred to me that it would be at
least amusing to collect and publish some of
the dire predictions of Bunau-Varilla, Lindon
Bates, Poultney Bigelow, and other prophets
of disaster who were so sure a few years ago
that the Canal could never be built or that
the methods followed were all wrong. Other
compilations of the same kind: will suggest
I should also: like to see the Society of the
Chagres inaugurate a movement to provide a
fitting memorial to the men who have lost
their lives in the construction of the Canal.
I have in mind a monument at some conspicu-
ous point-possibly at the entrance to the
Gatun locks or on a hillside overlooking the
Culebra Cut-consisting of a group of three
heroic figures, the American, the Spaniard,
and the Negro, and on bronze plates about the
pedestal the names of those who met death
in the performance of their duty. This would
be a large undertaking, but a- worthy one,
and one that our Society might fittingly
These are matters of sentimental rather than
of practical interest. There remains a final
question which concerns the pocketbook more
that the heart. The Chairman in his last
annual report suggests that the wage-scale of
the operating foroe should be materially lower
than that of the construction force. I under-
stand that he advocates a scale of wages that
shall be 25 per cent higher than the wages paid
for similar service in the eastern part of the
United States. For the mechanical trades the
Navy Department's scale will be the standard
of comparison and for the clerical force the
rates current in the War Department. He
proposes to charge a very moderate rental
for quarters, which shall be somewhat less
that the interest on the cost of construction,
and permit an employee to occupy any type
of house he is willing to pay for. He also pro-
poses to charge for coal and electric light to
prevent the waste which is inevitable when
such commodities and service are furnished
It is my personal opinion that this is a fair
and even liberal adjustment of the wage-scale,
if you are prepared to admit that wages in the
eastern part of the United States are as high
as they ought to be. I do not believe this to be
true. I do not believe that wage earners and
minor salaried employees under our present
industrial system have ever received a reason-
able share of the product of their labor, and
it is so improbable that wages under this sys-
tem will ever be too high, that the danger of a
disturbance of the economic: balance in that
direction need scarcely be (considered. The
trade unions, backed by liberal public opinion,
are winning, through hard fighting and little
by little, more liberal conditions for the world's
workers. It is a long and an uphill fight, and
when ground is gained here and there, it should
never be tamely surrendered. In this economic
warfare there should be no retreat. Through a
favorable combination of circumstances it has
been possible to establish, a wage-scale on the
Canal Zone that for most occupations is com-
paratively liberal. If there must be closer
conformity between wages here and wages in
the United States, it is my contention that
there should be an increase in the United
States and not a reduction on the Isthmus.
Perhaps most of you will agree with my con-
clusion, without being willing to accept the
philosophy of my argument. However that
may be, I believe that the Society of the Chag-
res, as a representative body of employees, has
a legitimate interest in the revision of the wage-
scale, and that it ought to take cognizance of
this matter and exert what influence it can
for the maintenance of liberal conditions of
employment on the Isthmus. I recommend
that a committee be appointed to study the
question, prepare a brief embodying every
reasonable argument that can be urged against
the reduction, and submit a plan of campaign.
We may not gain everything we are contending
for, but if we demand nothing, we will get as
little. To sit by in passive indifference while
this question is being argued and settled by
others, would convict us of a lack of that en-
lightened self-interest which is the mainspring
of all progress.
I do not advocate hasty or ill-considered
action. On the other hand, I would not advise
you to be too meek in this matter. It has
been said that the meek will inherit the earth.
Perhaps in the end they may, but from present
indications, gentlemen, it will be a long time
before they come into their inheritance.
SANITARY CONDITIONS AS WE FOUND THEM
BY COL. WILLIAM C. GORGAS.
The Toastmaster has just introduced me in
a very kindly way. I think one reason for this
kindly introduction was because his conscience
reproached him for the way in which he has
gotten me into this speech. Some time ago,
a month or more, he notified me that I
would be expected to say something on a cer-
tain subject at the dinner to-night. As a
modest and diffident man I hesitated about
the matter and asked him what I was to say
and what the scope of the argument should be.
He replied: "Oh, something bright and witty
and forcible." [Laughter.] I was naturally
very much taken aback at this, but consented
to do my best. When I had gotten well started
in preparing this matter I got a letter from
Mr. Baxter asking me for the notes on the
great speech that I was to make, and telling
me it was to be permanently embalmed in the
Year Book of the Association. This almost
finished it. After I had spent a month in look-
ing up all the bright and witty things I could
find in literature and getting them into the
speech which I had prepared for to-night, I
came here and the Toastmaster assigned to me
an entirely different subject. He tells me it
doesn't make any difference, that I can speak
equally well on any subject. I interpret this
in one way, possibly he in another. [Laughter.]
But to return to the sanitation of 1904.
Sanitary matters came up even earlier than
this date, and in fact even as early as 1902
the Government was considering the matter
of sanitation at the point where the canal was
to be built. I was notified by my superiors to
go to the Isthmus for the purpose of looking in-
to the matter. In asking where the canal was
to be built, at that time the general opinion
seemed to be that it was to be located at
I then went to Washington and devoted my-
self to the study of all the literature I could
find about Nicaragua. Matters hung fire for a
time and my immediate superior, the Surgeon-
General, seemed to get tired of seeing me
around with nothing to do and I was therefore
sent to the Suez Canal, where I spent a month
undergoing trials and hardships in the palace
of the President of the Canal as his guest, riding
around in his carriage, and sailing in his private
yacht over the canal. [Laughter.] I was then
cabled, while undergoing this arduous service,
to come back, as canal matters were coming to
a head in the States. I came back but matters
did not come to a head just yet. That was in
1902. The Surgeon-General then suggested
that I go to Paris, France, where I was to look
up matters /contained in the archives of the
French Canal in their old records. So I did so.
I spent two or three months' arduous service
as a guest of the French Republic in Paris,
and I did not come home of my own accord
this time either. [Laughter.] Another cable-
gram came saying that matters were coming to
a head, and so I again came back. That was
in the summer of 1903. After waiting a while
the treaty was finally agreed upon, and I was
assigned to the duty under the first Commis-
sion of drawing up sanitary plans-and by
the way one of those first Commissioners just
passed by that window there. I was one of the
party accompanying the first Commission
to the Isthmus. We arrived on the Isthmus
in 1904, and that is the subject on which I am
to speak to-night-the sanitation at this time.
There really was no sanitation, so that there
is not much to be said of it. After remaining
here for a month or more with the first Com-
mission, plans were arranged and we went
back and got personnel and supplies and
The first two years of the work, as we all
know, were surrounded with many difficulties.
This remark does not apply any more to sani-
tation than to the rest of the work. Nobody
who was not down here in those days can
understand the difficulties to be contended
with in an entirely new country with no sup-
plies in getting started and getting things
going. At the end of two years the work'
was pretty well started and sanitation well
under way. From that time to the present,
sanitation, as you all know, has been carried
on with fairly successful results, and the general
work of the canal has increased at even a
In this witty and scintillating speech which
I prepared under the first conversation with
the Toastmaster, I thought it proper and be-
coming to refer to some of the earlier officials
and their work, particularly those who would
have been members of this association if they
had lived. And first I would like to remind
you of our first Chairman, Admiral Walker.
All of us here in 1904 were more or less thrown
into contact with him; I in particular. The
Admiral was a very able and capable man,
but he had a few set ideas in regard to the ad-
ministration of the Canal which he was deter-
mined to carry out. The principal of these was
economy. Day after day I would go to the
Admiral with requisitions for various things
needed and we would talk the matter over.
He would always get on the subject: "Gorgas,
there is one thing certain; whether we.build
that Canal or not we will leave things so fixed
that those fellows up on the hill can't find
anything in the shape of graft after us." He
would then take my requisition and stick it in
a drawer, and there it would remain for an
indefinite time. That was one of his peculiar-
ities. His great work was the bringing of the
purchase of the Canal from the French to a
successful issue. I doubt if the President of the
United States could have found anywhere a
man to do this work better than the Admiral.
He negotiated the purchase of the Canal at a
price of forty million dollars, in which purchase
there was not one cent of graft.
Another man who would have been a mem-
ber of our association, if he had lived, was the
Supervising Architect Mr. M. O. Johnson,
who occupied a position in 1904 somewhat
similar to that of Chief Quartermaster at
present. Those of you who recollect him as a
kind and genial good-natured man, always full
of good nature and life. He died of yellow
fever early in 1905.
Another man, a most capable and upright
officer, who died in the same year of yellow
fever, was our Auditor, Mr. West. He had not
been with us as long as Mr. Johnson, but
everybody who had been thrown into contact
with him respected him in the highest degree.
There is still another man who came later
and who died since leaving the service-
Jackson Smith. [Prolonged applause.] Few
who have joined the service since can appreci-
ate the work that he did in advancing the in-
terests of the Canal by the organization and
perfecting of his department.
Butnotall the early service on the Canal had
a sad tinge; there were may amusing things
as well. One of these I recollect happened in
the first year of our coming down here. In
March, 1904, when the Commission came
down before the Canal was turned over by the
French, we were the guests of the French
engineer and treated most hospitably by him,
and several entertainments were gotten up
for our enjoyment. One of these pleasant oc-
casions was an invitation by the Chief Engi-
neer to dine with him at his house in Panama.
We were living at Colon at the time, and the
party went over to Panama and returned on a
special train at 1 o'clock. I say 1 o'clock;
it might have been a minute or so later.
[Laughter.] One of the Commissioners had
not gone with us on the plea of sickness.
We will mention him as Mr. Jones. When the
train got back to Colon the Mayor came up to
me and taking me to one side said: "Great
God, Dr. Gorgas, the most alarming calamity
has happened since you were away. The
Commissioner, Mr. Jones, has gone on a spree.
He has gone down town and whipped three of
my best policemen and now he is locked up in
the station house and wants to fight the Chief
of Police. He took off his coat in the fight
and in the scrimmage of getting arrested his
shirt was torn off, his eyes were blackened, and'
he is in a generally disreputable condition.'
Well, I called Admiral Walker to tell him about
it. The Admiral was terribly upset and said:
"Well, we must try and keep the matter just
as quiet as we can. We are quite disgraced
as it is." He said he had never heard of this
Commissioner taking a drink, that it was a
most extraordinary thing, and that he guessed
it must be due to the climate. He then told
me that I was brought with the Commission
as the sanitary officer; that I was responsible
for the general health of all, and that it was
in general my fault that this had occurred.
[Laughter.] Well, we went to the police
station to see about getting Mr. Jones home.
We were taken into the cell and there found
Mr. Jones, who proved to be our chief clerk
who had given the name of the Commissioner
when arrested. [Laughter.] Now, while this
was one of the amusing occurrences, you must
not think that we all got on a jamboree. As
I say, we had many pleasant things and some
sad things occur in the early days and since,
but as I look back on the whole service the
pleasant things very much overbalance the
disagreeable ones, and I look forward with
feelings of regret to the approach of the com-
pletion of the work, and when the time comes
for us to separate and go back home, I hope
this organization of the Chagres will be the
means in after years of bringing us together
in the United States from time to time. [Pro-
AN HONEST JOB.
BY HON. H. A. GUDGER.
We may not understand the cause, yet there
is a well-defined feeling existing in the minds
of the people of the United States that there
has been and is, great danger of scandal and
graft in connection with the construction of
the Panama Canal.
Possibly the immensity of the work and
the millions expended and to be expended are
largely accountable for the existence of such
an idea. Justly, this is regarded as the great-
est public work of all the ages. People stand
aghast at the wonderful proportions of the
undertaking, and, in so far as the construction
has gone forward, they are proud of the suc-
cess already achieved.
They are not, however, generally familiar
with the fact that so many safeguards are
thrown around the expenditure of the money
appropriated to construct the Canal; that
such an efficient and well-organized working
force exists here; that the personnel is of
such high character; and that the auditing
and accounting system is such that the pos-
sibility of misappropriating the public funds
is necessarily reduced to a minimum.
Then perhaps there is a feeling that climatic
conditions are such as to likely restrain the
more staid and sober-minded of our people
from coming to the Isthmus and taking part in
the work, and that it is only the bold who,
fearless of malaria, yellow fever, and other
tropical diseases, come here and make this
their home and their life work, and that these
include an army of adventurous spirits who
would be more likely to yield to temptation.
It is a mistake to suppose that the employees
are confined to this roving, uncertain class.
The facts fully justify the statement that as
a rule the personnel is composed of earnest,
patriotic persons, whose main tenet is the
faithful and honest discharge of duty.
Again, people may draw their conclusions
from former conditions. Whether true or
false, the feeling is widespread that there is a
precedent for all that is fraudulent, vicious,
and wrong in dealing with funds at this place.
It has been fearlessly stated that during the
French occupation not only was graft the
order of the day, but that vice and shame of
every kind flourished.
This fact was notorious, and was pointedly
made by those opposing the adoption of the
Panama route, and made with great vehemence
-indeed with great bitterness. They argued
that it was not seemly for the United States
to complete a work honeycombed with so
much scandal and fraud. That argument
was powerful and, in the minds of many, con-
clusive, and certainly delayed for a long pe-
riod the adoption of the present route for a
Practically, however, this idea of graft, its
free and full discussion, had its beneficial effect.
For it brought directly to the minds and con-
sciences of all those expecting to engage in
the construction of the Canal its possibility
as well as its hideousness.
Further, it stirred and developed the better
nature and qualities of the workers by appeal-
ing to their loyalty and patriotism and arous-
ing their pride of country, and made them the
more determined that under no circumstances
should such unsavory publicity be possible
under American management.
The Society of the Chagres, of which we
are so proud, composed of men who have borne
the heat and burden of the day for more than
six years, has wonderful opportunities and is
clothed with great possibilities, and for these
reasons must assume great responsibilities.
It should encourage the highest ideals along
the lines of honesty, capacity, and faithful-
ness, and should fraternize with those who
direct the work and are making it a success.
If, in the past, at the present, and during the
future, graft characterized the undertaking,
who would feel proud of his membership in
this Society or his connection with the work?
The people of the United States have gladly
furnished and are still willing to furnish mil-
lions for the purpose of connecting the two
mightiest waters of the world, but they are
not willing to contribute a single centavo to
be used wrongfully.
There may have been, in truth there has
been, some friction and some mistakes, but in
comparison with the work in hand these are
immeasurably small, and it would seem ridi-
culous to give them serious consideration.
It is true that individual cases of rascality
have existed, but this is no more than to be
expected in a work of such magnitude. In
many instances temptation has been greatand,
unfortunately, some have fallen bythe wayside.
We condemn their act in unmeasured terms,
and, yet, in some instances, our sympathy has
gone out to the unfortunate one and his loved
ones upon whom he has brought shame and
disgrace. They have suffered the penalty of
the law, which has been swift and condign
and in every instance, I believe, any defal-
cation has been made good to the Government
so that there has been no loss. These, how-
ever, have been isolated cases and are not to be
classed alongside with what is generally recog-
nized as graft.
Graft, that is, a combination, a conspiracy
as it were, an effort upon the part of a few or
many to rob and defraud, has had no place
on the Canal Zone since the Americans took
charge of the work, and this is a matter for
profound congratulation to every individual
who has been connected with the construction
and to the people of the United States who
have it so deeply at heart.
When it is remembered that an average of
40,000 people, gathered from various parts
of the United States, from the islands of the
sea, and from almost every part of the world,
have been regularly employed for these past
seven years; and that more than 200 millions
of dollars have been expended; and that there
is no suggestion of any combined effort to
cheat, wrong, or defraud the Government,
it furnishes a matter for most pleasant reflec-
We indulge the hope and entertain the full
and firm belief, that this state will continue
until the Canal is completed and the first boat,
amid the shouting of the multitude makes the
journey triumphantly from ocean to ocean.
Then willithose in charge of the work, and the
workers themselves, receive the plaudits of ;a
grateful nation, and all will rejoice together
in the fact that in this mighty and wonderful
accomplishment no stain or dark spot rests
upon the fair escutcheon of our beloved
THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE CANAL A
SCHOOL OF CITIZENSHIP.
BY COL. TOM M. COOKE.
Gentlemen, Members of the Society of the
Chagres, and Friends: It is certainly a pleasure
to be here to-night and greet this number of
friends who have been connected with this
great work for a period of six years or more,
and I am glad to be here. I want to thank the
members of the Society of the Chagres for
the honor conferred upon me in their selection
of me as first President of this Society; I feel
most deeply the evidence of your friendship,
and I assure you that my appreciation is not
to be expressed by words in the few minutes
allowed me to-night.
I have been asked to speak upon the Canal
construction as a school of citizenship.
The Society of the Chagres stands for
something in its relation to the Canal work.
It represents the veterans of the Canal; we
have no thirty or ninety-day men and no
bounty jumpers. It is composed of the men who
came in the beginning, who have withstood
all the early hardships and the many shake-
downs, and it is a fair presumption that they
may be said to represent the men who have
certainly made good on the Isthmus. I am
reminded of a story in this connection, and
this story and this badge we wear, indicating
at least six years' service, fixes in my mind
the status of the members of the Society of
A prominent army officer, a number of years
ago, was wearing, with considerable personal
satisfaction and some ostentatious display, at
a public reception, a number of badges and em-
blems upon his chest. Upon being interrogated
concerning the emblems by a brother officer, he
explained with considerable pomposity that
he had every badge of any account that might
be worn by an army officer, with the single
exception of one. A friend near by asked
which one, and the response was, "I lack only
a sharpshooter's badge." "Hell," said the friend,
"you've got to do something to get that 6ne."
And so I am inclined to believe that a man must
have done something, must have accomplished
some results in order to be thoroughly qualified
to wear the badge of the Society of the Chagres.
Citizenship is defined as "the status in a
free state of a person possessing the elective
franchise, and permitted to take part in legis-
lative and judicial deliberations." Ruskin has
said: "The largest soul of any country is al-
together its own. Not the citizen of the
world, but of his own city-nay, for the best
man, you may say, of his own village."
What has the Canal construction done for
its employees in addition to providing a means
of livelihood? The reply must be that it has
done much. Everyone connected with this
work for a period of six years and more has
received through his experiences here a bene-
fit which, if it could be calculated in dollars,
would exceed the amount paid him as a wage.
Every American employee here has been
called upon to assume an amount of personal
responsibility, to make use of an amount of per-
sonal initiative; he hashad to dowith thehand-
ling of a number of men, of the ordering and
receiving of a vast amount of material and the
accounting for it. He has learned much con-
cerning the disbursement of public moneys and
the methods provided to guard against waste-
fulness. He has been instructed in personal
and municipal, and, we may say, in State-wide
sanitation, and has had occasion-that is,
these veterans have had occasion-to realize
the importance of health in a work of this
character. We must all of us realize more
fully than we did six or seven years ago of
what great importance to a community is the
prevention of the spread of disease.
And so I am led to believe that the veteran
here, by reason of his experiences and broaden-
ing knowledge received through his connection
withthiswork,is better qualified to return home
and assume his place as a citizen and express
his rights and privileges of citizenship than
he was before he came or than he would
have been had he missed this experience.
His broader knowledge of affairs and, what is
better still, his broader and better views, his
ability to decide and that quickly, and the
mental and physical discipline he has been
under all these years, produce for him a con-
dition which makes for the best possible
By JoHN BURKE.
Fellow Members: The history of this con-
tinent will hereafter be divided in four epochs.
The first beginning with the great discoverer
who stood on the deck of his shattered bark
in the intense silence of despair, tossed on the
billows of an unknown ocean with stronger
billows of hope and despair tossing his troubled
mind, gazing ever westward until, through the
dim light of the falling darkness, he was blessed
by a sight of the New World.
The second period embraces the mighty
struggle so aptly described by Daniel Webster
as "The great event in the history of the con-
tinent, at once the wonder and blessing of
the world, the American Revolution."
The third, the great civil conflict which
settled for all time and with benefit to the
whole World the questions which at the time
almost forever divided our nation.
We come now to the fourth great period
in the history of our country, the building
of the Panama Canal.
We can look back with admiration and pride
on the mighty men who made up the elements
of force that successfully accomplished the
great tasks outlined for them in the three great
periods of the continent's history.
For this last epoch we, the members of the
Society of the Chagres, can tell of things we
have seen, and of which we ourselves were
no small part. We can not do justice to this
great subject without referring to it in two parts:
First acquirement, and second achievement.
We should not forget that centuries have
gone by since it was first attempted that a
canal be built. We should not forget the
failure, discouragement, and ruin that followed
the last attempt, because in a large measure,
the rights acquired were not sufficient to war-
rant a successful prosecution of the work.
Not so, so far as we were concerned. We ac-
quired the right and paid for it. In the ac-
quirement, there was no point overlooked
that would tend to interfere with the successful
completion of the work. The fatal mistakes
made before were avoided. The right to en-
force sanitary rules was secured. The scheme
of acquirement did not stop at this. It was
further required and stipulated that the
Government of the United States should have
the right to import what was necessary for
the comfort of its employees, and it will go
down in history that this Government has
taken better care of its employees, citizens
and aliens, officers and laborers, than was
ever dreamed possible heretofore.
And what must be said of the genius of that
greatest of living statesmen, whose foresight
and vigor made this possible. He was one of
the best friends of the Canal employee. He
came 2,000 miles to see for himself that they
were properly taken care of. He rewarded their
faithful services with a medal from their
country and from their President, and stands
preeminently to-day as the foremost farseeing
statesmen of his time, a man whom I-and
all of us-should be proud to make the only
living man who may be an honorary member
of our Society. I refer to Theodore Roosevelt.
Achievement comes next. We were first
singularly well blessed with leaders, Wallace,
Stevens, and Goethals. We may all be proud
to have served under such leadership: Wallace
with his genius for planning; his ability to see
the necessity for many of the comforts we
have all enjoyed, and the nucleus of the plant
necessary to execute the work.
That great silent builder, Stevens, under
whose skilled direction was built up a plant,
that under the executive and organizing genius
of Goethals has become the wonder of the whole
world. Each seemed selected by destiny to
accomplish an important part in the great
Another whose fame will be as lasting as
the great work itself, whose name shall be
forever linked with those great names who
made achievement possible; he who made it
possible to live in healthful comfort on the
Isthmus; I refer to our honored President
Dr. W. C. Gorgas.
I repeat that all of us can tell of things we
have seen and of which we ourselves have been
no small part. We have all seen this great
organization grow to its present splendid pro-
portions. Each and every man here has
faithfully and intelligently done the task as-
signed to him, making the mighty element of
force that has made possible the accomplish-
ment of a work that is now, and will always
remain, the wonder of the whole world.
LETTERS FROM MEMBERS
JOHN K. BAXTER: "In April this year I was ap-
pointed American Consul at St. Pierre in the French
islands of St. Pierre at Miquelon, on the south coast of
Newfoundland. I spent the month of May in Wash-
ington, where I was instructed in my duties, and ar-
rived at St. Pierre on June 13. Snow was still lying
on the hills, and it was impossible to be comfortable
without a fire in the house.
"The consul's duties at this post include those of
stenographer, file clerk, messenger, and janitor. I
have become something of a lightning change artist.
I can call on the governor in frock coat and silk hat,
dictate half a dozen letters to myself, and bring up a
scuttle of coal from the cellar, all within half an hour.
It was not like this in the olden days, when the Colonel
and I were digging the Canal, and I had a fine collection
of push buttons on my desk to summon white slaves
and black slaves-by the way, don't misunderstand
that "white slaves." We were always perfectly re-
spectable at Culebra.
"It is lonely here at times. I am the only American
on the island. The St. Pierrais don't care much about
Panama and Canal medals and all that sort of thing.
They are chiefly interested in moreu" or codfish, the
stuff that smells bad in the Chinese stores on the Isth-
mus. They call it bacalaoo" down there. Some people
must eat it, but I never could. The French catch
about ninety million pounds of codfish on the New-
foundland Banks every year, and a large part of the
catch is shipped from St. Pierre. That keeps us busy
during the summer, and in the winter time we consider
the price of coal, and wait for the next fishing season.
It is winter now, and we are waiting."
ST. PIERRE, ST. PIERRE ISLAND,
November 16, 1912.
W. E. DUNNING: "I resigned my position with the
Isthmian Canal Conmmission on March 11, 1912, to be-
come a member of the firm of Dunning & Dunning,
architects. During the past year we have been most
successful, winning several competitions, and have com-
pleted plans and specifications for several of the largest
buildings built in and around this city, two of which are
now in the course of construction. Among the buildings
designedbyusare J.C. Henkel, store and office building;
manufacturing plant of the Central Casket Co.; manu-
facturing plant of the Augustine Automatic Rotary
Engine Co.; manufacturing plant of the Beaver Co.;
7-story reinforced concrete paper warehouse of the
Hubbs & Howe Co.; the professional building for
Hamilton Ward; the Lackawanna City Hall; country
estate for L. G. Smith, being the largest-country estate
built in western New York, on the shores of Lake Erie;
Manual Training School for the city of Lakawanna, and
several residences ranging from $20,000 -up. Regard-
ing the city hall building above mentioned, this was
won in competition with twelve other architects,:and
was given to us by unanimous vote. For the future I
can see nothing but the very best of success.
MAIN AND EAST UTICA STREETS, BUFFALO, N. Y.
November 7, 1912.
FRED A. FELD: He left the Isthmus May 9, 1912
with his resignation from the service of the Isthmian
Canal Commission effective at the expiration of seventy
days' vacation to take up the 'duties 'of the position of
secretary-treasurer ,of the Bound Brook Real Estate
Company, of Newark, N. J.., with offices in New York
City. The Company .not proving a -success it was
shortly dissolved. On June 4, 1912, he entered the
service of the Underwood Typewriter Company as a
demonstrator in their general billing and adding
machine department. In August of the same year
he was promoted to the position of salesman in the
same department, for a part of New York State
territory, with headquarters at Rochester, N. Y.
In his business travels he has met a number of friends
who were also at some time located on the Isthmus,
but who have returned to the "States," all of whom
life seems to be treating kindly, as it is him.
C. R. GEDDES: I resigned from the Commission on
October 3, 1912. Am now doing nothing but fishing
and hunting. When the year book is published I will
be on my place in Florida. My permanent address
will be Odessa, Pasco County, Florida.
MRS. NELLIE HOLCOMB: Writes from Stanton,
Michigan, under date of December 12, 1912, announc-
ing the sad news of the death of her husband, Benoni
E. Holcomb, a member of the Society. Mrs. Holcomb
wishes to thank the members of the Society for any
kindness shown her husband while on the Isthmus.
JOHN LAROCK: "Did not arrive here until March
28, 1912, so can not say how the cold weather is going
to treat me. Am wearing my emblem and think a
great deal of it. Have a small machine shop and am
doing business at 2052 Walnut Street."
November 8, 1912.
F. A. PoTrs: "I have been taking one long vaca-
tion and letting the future take care of itself to a cer-
tain extent, especially since I cast my vote yesterday
My address is as below and I am here a good deal of
the time, perhaps too much; but it isn't hurting my
health. I hope the Society is still booming and will
always be a live organization. Remembrances to those
who remember me.
November 6, 1912.
ROBERT M. SANDs: Upon leaving Panama, went
to Florida, and located at Dade City from October 17
to December 18, 1911, as secretary-treasurer of the
Terrell Land and Development Company, formerly the
Dade City Land Company. On December 18 the of-
fices of the company were removed to the company's
property at Rerdell, (P. O. Terrell), Fla., at which point
Mr. Sands selected and cleared up 20 acres of land and
erected a modem 7-room bungalow, in which he and
his family now reside. On September 1, 1912, he re-
signed as secretary-treasurer of the land company, and
is now engaged in cultivating his land and marketing
his products, in which he is meeting with excellent
D. C. VANCE: "I am at present located at Salem,
N. J., doing subcontracting in various parts of Salem
County. At present I am engaged in the construction
of a concrete block residence in West Berlin, N. J. It
is my intention to form a partnership with another
party, and enter with him bids for the construction
of public highways in South Jersey. At present I have
no complaint to make about the life I have lived since
terminating my service with the I. C. C. I have plenty
of work to do, and in the end I can truthfully say that
I believe I am better paid for service rendered than I
ever was on the Isthmus. Of course I am not making
a fortune, but I am getting a good living, and am
enjoying life. You may inform the boys of the Society
that there is plenty of work at home here, and labor
is commanding the highest wages. In fact, large con-
tracts are being tied up for the want of labor. I re-
spectfully send my best wishes to the members of the
Society, along with the hope that we will always be
bonded together in remembrance of the hardships we
all passed through for our Government in the greatest
undertaking the world has ever known.
106 EIGHTH STREET, SALEM, N. J.
November 5, 1912.
J. C. DE LA VERGNE: Received the secretary's
letter of October 23, 1912, November 15, 1912, after
a long journey to my home at Esperance, and then down
here. I do not know if this letter will arrive on the Isth-
mus in time for the year book, but hope it will. The
postal service in Mexico is very poor, so you may not
get this letter at all. While I am nearer you in miles
I am about one week farther away from you by letter,
than I would be if I was in New York City. At present.
I am working for my old chiefs Jacobs and Davies of
30 Church Street, New York City, who are chief engi-
neers for the Compania Mexicana De Luz y Fuerza,
Motriz, S. A. We are building 16 tunnels on a hydro-
electric proposition which will supply power and light
for 150 miles through the surrounding country. We
are at 6,000 feet above sea level, in a very beautiful
country where one gets all the temperate climate, fruits,
and flowers, and the trop~ia fruits -,of the owlands.
Fever is never known here, o you see life is treating
me very kindly."'
Com'ANIA MEXICANA DE Luz Y FUERZA, MOTRE, S. A.
AmoLA CAP, BERISTAIN, PIUEBLA, MEXI.O,
ISAAC H. ANDREWS. Born in Gloucester, Mass.,
September 23, 1878. Graduated from the grammar
and high schools of his native city. Worked at his
trade of carpenter for W. W. Andrews, his uncle, at
Lynn, Mass., the General Electric Co., of Lynn, Mass.,
the United Fruit Co., and others until 1906. He enter-
ed the service of the Isthmian Canal Commission Janu-
ary 6, 1906 as carpenter in the Building Construction
Division and was transferred to the Atlantic Division
January 15, 1909.
JAMES C. BARNETT, is a native of Louisville,
Ky. Since 1886 he has been employed continuously in
railroad work, having worked for the Cleveland, Cin-
cinnati, Chicago & St. Louis Railway, New York,
Chicago & St. Louis Railroad, Chicago & North
Western Railway Co., and the Illinois Central Rail-
road. He arrived on the Isthmus in May, 1905, and
assumed the duties of Superintendent of Transpor-
tation. He was married to Miss Bertie M. Bowen in
Fort Wayne, Ind., on April 18, 1903. Mr. Barnett
is a member of Square Deal Lodge No. 752 Brother-
hood of Railroad Trainmen, Woodlawn Park Lodge
of Odd Fellows No. 825 in Chicago, and Phoenix Lodge
No. 101 Knights of Pythias, of Fort Wayne, Ind.
C. H. BATH, was born, educated in the normal
school, and worked six years at the machinist's trade,
in New Britain, Conn. Enlisted in Company E,
Twenty-first Infantry, March 14, 1899. Regiment
sailed for Manila, P. I., April 17, 1899. Discharged
March 15, 1902, Manila. Was several times in action.
Employed in Bureau of Health, Manila, during cholera
epidemic in 1902. In business in Manila, 1903. Guard
at Bilibid Prison, Manila, 1904. Forest inspector in
Bureau of Forestry, Manila, 1904. Rodman in river
and harbor works, Manila,,1905. Diver for Atlantic,
Gulf and Pacific Company, Manila, early 1906. En-
tered service of Isthmian Canal Commission, August 9,
1906 as sanitary foreman. Promoted to District Sani-
tary Inspector and then to Division Sanitary In-
spector in which capacity now employed. Invented
the mosquito trap used on the Isthmus.
H. BAXTER was born in Lisburn, Pa., Febru-
ary 19, 1873. Came to Isthmus May 4, 1906. Is
general yardmaster for the Panama Rail Road Com-
FREDERICK S. BEARD. Born in Waverly, Tioga
County, N. Y., June 23, 1873. Educated in public
and private schools of New York and Pennsylvania,
University of Buffalo, and Male Training School of
New York City Hospital. Employed in Public Health
and Marine Hospital Service, at Stapleton, Staten
Island, N. Y., for two years; and in United States
Immigration Service, at Ellis Island, N. Y., two years.
Employed by Isthmian Canal Commission since July
CHAS. H. BEETHAM, was born February 6, 1872,
in the County of Yorkshire, England; received a
board school education, and at 13 years of age was
apprenticed tolearn the trade of cabinet making. He
left England with his parents when 17 years of age
and came to America and settled in Philadelphia,
where he went to work with the Blasius Piano Com-
pany. After eighteen months with this company he
affiliated himself with the Schomacker Piano Company
with which company he remained for twelve and one-
half years. During this period he attended evening
classes at the Temple College, adding thus to his
education. In 1903 he resigned his position as fore-
man at the Schomacker piano factory and moved to
La Gloria, Cuba, where he went into the hardware
business, also the manufacture of furniture. Here he
remained until 1906, when the revolution of that year
crippled his business and he came to the Isthmus,
where he has remained up to the present time and is
now employed as foreman carpenter at the Gorgona
HOWARD BETEBENNER, locomotive engineer,
was born August 10, 1874, at Polo, IIl.; emigrated
with his parents to Wichita, Kans., when 2 years of
age, residing there until 1886, when the family settled
at Carthage, Mo.; was educated in the common schools
of Kansas and Missouri; followed mechanical, pur-
suits and mining until 1898; served in Second Mis-
souri Regulars, U.S. Volunteer, Infantry as corporal
Company A until regiment was mustered out, June,
1899, at Albany, Ga.; returned to Missouri and entered
the service of the St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern
Railway Company as locomotive fireman, serving in
that capacity and as engineman on Frisco system and
Missouri Pacific until the spring of 1905, when he
entered the service of Isthmian Canal Commission on
May 7 as locomotive engineer; transferred to Panama
Railroad, May, 1906, where he has served as loco-
motive engineer to the present date.
ARTHUR ORAN BLAKE was born at Otis, Ind.,
September 5, 1874; was educated in the public schools
of that State; started in the steam shovel business in
1890; worked as a craneman on the Chicago drainage
canal for eighteen months, leaving there in 1894 to
accept a position with the Illinois Central Railroad at
Jackson, Tenn; served them in the capacities of
steam shovel cranesman and engineer and locomotive
fireman and engineer; severed his connection with
them to accept a position as steam shovel engineer with
the Isthmian Canal Commission, April 9,1906.
GERALD D. BLISS, postmaster at Culebra, the
eldest of six children, was born at Sherman, Chautau-
qua County, N. Y., April 30, 1882; his early boyhood
was spent on his father's farm at that place. He was
educated at the high school at Sherman and after
graduation with the class of 1902 was employed in the
local post office for two years; served as mail weigher
on the "Fast Mail" between Buffalo and Chicagoduring
the quadrennial weighing period of 1903; in 1905
accepted position as temporary clerk in the post office
at Chautauqua, N. Y., then a third-class office, and
was appointed assistant postmaster when Chautauqua
was advanced to the second class; he served in this
position until December 1, 1905; when he resigned to
accept appointment to the Canal service; reporting
on the Isthmus December 15, 1905, was assigned as
postmaster at Pedro Miguel, remaining there until
March 1, 1911, when he was assigned to his present
position; married in 1904 to Mabelle Hart and they
have three children; he is a Mason, an Elk, and a mem-
ber of the University Club, Panama, and Strangers
JOHN BOLAND. Born in Page County, Va.;
lived and was educated in Washington, D. C.; en-
listed in the United States Navy in 1900 for four years,
two of which were spent in the Philippines during the
insurrection. Was appointed April 25, 1906; arrived
on Isthmus May 15, 1906.
M. F. BRADNEY, was born in Adams County, Ohio,
July 26, 1866, of American parents; his father was a
veteran of the Civil War, as was one grandfather and an
uncle. Two of his great-grandfathers served in the War
of 1812, one of them being killed at Raisin River, Michi-
gan, in that war. He was educated in the common
schools of his native county and the North Liberty
Academy, a school conducted by the United Presby-
terian Church. Taught in the public schools and worked
in public offices and on the farm until he entered the serv-
ice of the Isthmian Canal Commission. Arrived on
the Isthmus July 10, 1906, and was assigned to duty
with the Department of Sanitation, with which Depart-
ment he has been connected during all the period of his
service. At present on duty at the Medical Storehouse,
Colon. Is married and has one child, a daughter, born
on the Isthmus.
A. EARL BRONK, was born at Scotch Bush, N.Y.,
November 2, 1883. Received his education at the pub-
lic schools of New York State, the Union Classical In-
stitute, and the Fitzgerald Business College, of Schenec-
tady, N. Y., and by private instruction Employed
in the engineering department of the Schenectady Loco-
motive Works and the American Locomotive Company,
from March 1901, to December 1905. Entered the sesv-
ice of the Isthmian Canal Commission December 2,
1905. Employed by that branch of United States gov-
ernment service, within the limits of the central division,
as track foreman, clerk, chief clerk, and general inspec-
tor, which latter position he fills at the present time.
Married to Miss Eugena McDermott of Charlestown,
Mass., in that city March 2, 1912. Member of Inde-
pendent Order of Red Men, Knights of Pythias, Uni-
versity Club of the Isthmus of Panama, and the National
GEORGE BROWN was born in Skane, Sweden, Feb-
ruary 22, 1866; came to the United States in 1880,,lived
in Moorhead, Minn., three years; went to Montana
in 1883; commenced railroad work in 1886 on the 0. S.
L R. R.; was promoted to an engineer in 1890; took
the roving fever in 1896 and toured Mexico; got married
in 1898; left Mexico in 1900; back up to Montana,
worked for the O. S. L. R. R. for one year and then went
to the N. P. R. R. out of Missoula, Mont.;, landed on
the Zone July 14, 1906.
GEORG E THOMAS, BUCHAN was born in Hender-
son, N. C., July 23, 1883; educated in private schools,
in Henderson, N. C., Trinity College, Durham, N. C.,
and A. and M. College, Raleigh, N. C.; fireman on Erie
R. R., Jersey City, N. J.; employed by O'Rourke En-
gineering and Construction Company, New York City.
Entered service of I. C. C., December 20, 1904; arrived
on Isthmus via steamer City of Washington, December
27,1904; now steam shovel engineer stationed at Ancon,
HOWARD D. BURNHAM was born at Suffield'
Conn,. May 6, 1879, but when 3 years old his parents
moved to Hartford, where he was educated in the pub-
lic schools, and in December, 1895, he entered the em-
ploy of the Scottish Union and National Insurance Com-
pany to learn the fire insurance business, remaining with
that company for over ten years. Was appointed from
the civil service register to a clerical position with the
Isthmian Canal Commission, and sailed for the Isthmus
on June 13, 1906; reporting upon arrival, to the "Mas-
ter Builder" at Culebra, where he remained for two
years. When the work of the Building Construction
Division was practically finished, he was transferred to
the Mechanical Division, and on October 1, 1908, was
assigned to duty at Gorgona Shops, where he has re-
mained since that time.
GEORGE B. CARSON was born at Vernon, Ind.,
October 30, 1884. Upon graduating from high school
at Seymour Ind., in June, 1902, he obtained work with
the First National Bank of Seymour first as messenger
then, in November of that year, as individual book-
keeper, which latter position he held until November,
1906, when he resigned to accept an appointment as
clerk in the service of the Isthmian Canal Commission.
He entered the service on the Isthmus on December 11,
CHARLES HARCOURT CARTER was born in
Brooklyn, N. Y., on March 4, 1862. He was educated
n that city, and engaged in the electrical business at
an early age; was married on December 21, 1880. In
1884 he entered the service of the New York and New
Jersey Telephone Company and for the next sixteen
years, was in the employ of the New York Telephone
Company, also the C. and P. of Baltimore. In 1900 he
went into the electrical business for himself. He came
to the Isthmus with his wife on October 26, 1906, to
take a position in the Telephone and Telegraph Depart-
ment of the Panama Railroad and has been in the same
department ever since.
NEWEL E. COFFEY was born, November 10, 1876,
and reared on a farm near Stanford, Lincoln County,
Ky., and received his education at the public school.
Leaving home at the age of 16 he worked as a coal miner
for two years; on July 18, 1896, enlisted in the U. S.
Army; served in the Spanish-American War in Porto
Rico, where he was honorably discharged on March 17,
1899, to accept a position as corporal of police; he was
later employed as inspector in the navy yard at San
Juan, Porto Rico. On his vacation to the Isthmus was
appointed Quartermaster at Ancon Hospital, Septem-
ber 16,1906. Married Miss Ida Jacobs, September 7,
1909, at Ancon. Has been continuously employed in
the Sanitary Department.
JACOB COHEN, of Boston, Mass., was born in Kiev,
Russia, March 18, 1872. His father was Ephraim
K. Cohen, a sugar beet and ranch owner in the
province of Kiev, but when the Edict of 1885 was issued
forbidding the ownership of real property by certain
classes of people, he emigrated to the United States and
settled with his family at Boston. At the time of the
Spanish-American War, Jacob Cohen enlisted in the
Eighth Infantry, U. S. Army, and saw considerable serv-
ice both in Cuba and the Philippine Islands, before, re-
turning to the United States in 1902. He then entered
the civil branch of the government service at the Boston
navy yard where he served from 1902 until 1903, after
which he was connected with the Quartermaster's De-
partment at Boston from 1904 until 1905, resigning from
the latter position to accept another with the Isthmian
Canal Commission in April, 1905. He was placed in
charge of material, supplies, and transportation for the
Division of Water-Works, Sewers, and Roads, and has
served continuously with that division and its successor,
the Division of Municipal Engineering, until its work
was transferred to the Construction Division, since when
he has been employed in the Pacific Division. He mar-
ried Bertha Swartzman of Boston on January 18, 1906,
by whom one son, Ephraim A., was born on the Isthmus,
September 3, 1911.
M. E. CONNOR was born in Amesbury, Essex
County, Mass., September 24, 1879; was educated in
the public schools, and graduated from Dartmouth
Medical School February, 1901; enlisted in the Hospital
Corps U. S. Army; and resigned as acting assistant
surgeon in 1904; appointed as interne on the sanitary
staff of the Isthmian Canal Commission, November 27,
MRS. LUELLA VANDERGRIFT-CORNISH, of
St. Louis, Mo., was born in Covington, Ky.; when 8
years of age moved to St. Louis with her family; she was
educated in the public schools of St. Louis; where she
took the kindergarten course, and taught for a time in
the public school kindergartens. In 1899 went to Chi-
cago, graduated from the illinois Training School for
srees, Cook County, and iPresbyterian Hospitals, Chi-
cago Ill., class 1902; entered the Tsthmian service as
trailed -nurse, October 31, M905; she was married to
Frank L. Cornish, of Portsmouth, N. H., November 2,
1911, at Cristobal, C. Z., and resigned her position with
the I.C. C., December 14, 1912, to takeup her residence
with her husband at Gatun, C. Z.; she was constantly
engaged in her professional work from the time she en-
tered the training school until she married, doing in-
stitutional work most of the time.
FRANK COTTON. Bor in Cedar County, Iowa,
December 11, 1867. Educated in the city schools and
State University of Iowa, at Iowa City, as a civil engi-
neer. Employed in railroad and city engineering in
Iowa, Minnesota, Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, New Mex-
ico, and Louisiana. Identified with the development Of
the rice irrigation systems in Louisiana and Texas and in
mining engineering in Colorado and New Mexico.
Was United States deputy mineral surveyor in New
Mexico when he joined the "rough riders" in 1899. Was
employed by the Isthmian Canal Commission on Pan-
ama Canal from October 18,1904, to August 30, 1912.
At the present time president and treasurer of the Ter-
rell Land and Development Company at Rerdell (via
GEORGE H. CRABTREE was born at Topsfield,
Me., February 4, 1870. He is a graduate of Lee Nor-
mal Academy, class of '85, and the Medico-Chirurgical
College of Philadelphia, class of 1893. Was an interne
in Samaritan Hospital, Philadelphia, 1893-94. Prac-
ticed his profession at Royersford, Pa., 1894-97. He
went abroad for purposes of postgraduate study at
Berlin, Germany, early in 1897. Returning to the
United States, just before the outbreak of the Spanish-
American War, he enlisted in the First South Dakota
Infantry, and went to the Philippines with that regi-
ment as second lieutenant; was promoted to first
lieutenant, returned, and was mustered out with his
regiment in October, 1899. He re-entered the military
service as an acting assistant surgeon with the China
Relief Expedition in 1900, and continued in that
capacity in China and the Philippines until September
5, 1901, when appointed to the regular establishment
as first lieutenant in the Medical Corps, and now has
the rank of major in that corps. He has been on de-
tached service with the Isthmian Canal Commission
since October 31, 1905.
JAMES GREGORY CRAIG, traveling engineer,
Isthmian Canal Commission and Panama Railroad, was
-born in Atlanta, Ga., February 23, 1866. He began his
railroad career by serving a five-year apprenticeship in
all branches of locomotive work in the Western and
Atlantic Railroad shops, Atlanta. After completing
his apprenticeship and working at the machinist trade
for some time, he saw the greater advantage s to be de-
rived from the operation of locomotives on the road,
and, wishing to become thoroughly familiar with road
service, he entered the employ of the East Tennessee,
Virginia and Georgia Railroad as locomotive fireman.
For one year and a half he was in heavy treight service
between Atlanta and Chattanooga, a division of 152
miles. Advancing rapidly, he was assigned to passenger
service as fireman between Cleveland, Chattanooga,
Atlanta, and Macon, a run of 270 miles and for more than
a year he fired a fast.and heavy passenger run between
Atlanta and Brunswick-297 miles without a break-
the longest run that ever was handled by one fireman in
the United States. He was promoted from this run to
the position of locomotive engineer in 1890 and has been
employed by the Southern Railway, the Louisville &
Nashville, Santa Fe, and Tennessee Central as loco-
motive engineer in freight and passenger service and
would not exchange a life on the rails for a kingdom.
TAYLOR TARKINGTON CURRAN. Born in
Washington, D. C., May 7, 1880; was educated in the
common schools; married Edna Jane Jennings, Febru-
ary 17, 1908; machinist and model maker since 1897;
entered service with the Isthmian Canal Commission
February 15, 1905; re-rated assistant boiler inspector
July 1, 1907; promoted to model maker February
1, 1911; promoted to general foreman March 26, 1912;
resigned September 25, 1912. Is now employed as
general manager of the Panama Canal Exhibition
Company, with home office at 612 Seventeenth street
NW. Washington, D. C. The intention of this company
is to exhibit at large true and authentic reproductions of
the Canal Zone and the Panama Canal in a miniature
form. Mr. Curran is in the best of health and enjoying
life to the fullest extent and writes that he will be glad
to exhibit his work to anyone from the Canal stopping
THOMAS CUSTY, JR., age 33, height 5 feet 5 inches,
weight 165 pounds. Has enjoyed good health and
numerous friends here and wishes to retain same.
CHARLES C. DALY. Entered the service of the
Isthmian Canal Commission February 15, 1906.
RICHARD MEREDITH DAVIES, of Chicago, Ill.,
was born in St. Louis, Mo., January 10, 1872; was edu-
cated in the common schools and Lytton Springs
(California) Military Academy, from which institution
he graduated in 1889. He engaged in the hotel business
in California until 1892, in which year he moved to
Chicago, Ill., where he entered the service of the Lake
Street Elevated Railroad Company as an accountant;
married Miss Maud Keeler of Hoka, Minn., in 1893,
and has one son; was appointed money-order clerk
in the Chicago post-office in June, 1902, and resigned
in March, 1904, to accept a clerkship in the rural free
delivery division of the Post Office Department, Wash-
ington, D. C. In December, 1905, appointed statisti-
cian in the office of the Chief Post Office Inspector;
transferred to the Isthmian Canal Commission in May,
1906, to become clerk in charge of the division of postal
accounts, office of the Auditor, Canal Zone Govern-
ment. He is one of the organizers of the Panamanian
Kangaroos, a Mason, and a member of the Chicago
Lodge of Elks.
J. R. DAVIS was born, in 1868, in New Bedford,
Mass. His father, a native of Plymouth, on Cape Cod,
was born in 1826, and joined the fishing fleet from
that port when 15 years old. After his marriage, he
went on a two year's whaling voyage to the Indian
Ocean with Captain Lapen in the Canton which was
even then one of the oldest New Bedford whalers and is
afloat to this date. Two months after Mr. Davis' birth
his mother died and his aunt, Mary Taber, thence-
forward cared for him. In 1872 his father, commanding
the Rainbow, his uncle, and his grandfather, J. Davis,
one of the oldest captains whaling out of Fairhaven,
were lost during a whaling voyage to the Arctic in a
storm in which 17 ships went down. When Mr. Davis
was 11 years of age he shipped as cabin boy with his
father's brother, Captain Davis of the Jerry Perry, on
a sperm whale chase. They were gone thirty-six months
and secured 4,000 barrels of sperm oil at a market price
of $1.75 per gallon. He rose from cabin boy to second
mate on the voyage and drew $2,000 as his share of the
proceeds. A year later he went out on another whaling
voyage to the Indian Ocean as first mate on the bark
Catherine, of New Bedford, under Captain Hanbelin.
They were gone three years and on their return had
6,000 barrels of oil and 400 pounds of ambergris which
sold at $2.90 an ounce in those days. On their way
back they stopped at St. Helena (where Napoleon was
exiled and died), for wood and water and gave the crew
shore liberty. His share of the proceeds of the voyage
was $4,000. Two years later he was given a bounty of
$500 to go overland and join the steam whaler Fleet
Wing, of New Bedford, at San Francisco. He spent
two and a half years in the Arctic Ocean but had bad
weather, poor seasons, and ill health, so in 1892 he re-
turned to New Bedford. In 1893 he contracted to come
to the Isthmus as stevedore and supervisor of cargo
launches for the Panama Rail Road Company, at Fla-
menco Island, in Panama Bay. In 1901 he was trans-
ferred to La Boca, now Balboa, wharf where he has re-
mained until the present time. He was married in
Panama on January 12, 1906, and hopes to live until
the Canal is finished and then return to spend the re-
mainder of his days with his sisters in his home town.
ALBERT M. DICKINSON. Entered the service
June 18, 1906. Is a member of the Order of Railway
Conductors, a master mason, a royal arch mason, and
a Knight Templar.
WM. E. DICKINSON, who is a horseshoer by
trade and a blacksmith by force of circumstances, was
born in 1867, at Lebanon Springs, N. Y. He has kept
no record of his movements, but has worked in every
State and Territory in the Union. His two longest
employment have been with the United States Govern-
ment, from November 1, 1901, until March 15, 1904, in
the Philippines, and at the Gorgona Shops on the Isth-
mus from February 27, 1905, to April 20, 1906, when
he resigned, being reinstated October 24, 1906, since
when his service has been continuous.
DANIEL .F. DONAHUE was born in Newbury-
port, Mass; public school education; machinist by
trade; at present steam shovel engineer.
MICHAEL JOSEPH DRISCOLL, clerk, was born
in Roxbury, Boston, Mass., September 21, 1876. At-
tended the public schools of Boston; worked for twelve
years for the Adams Express Company, at Boston, and
resigned from their employ to go to Panama with the
Isthmian Canal Commission, having successfully passed
the civil service. Sailed from New York on July 5,1905;
first employed on the Isthmus at the Old Administra-
tion Building in Panama City with Division of Build-
ing .Construction; transferred to the Local Auditor,
then to the Disbursing Officer, and again to the Ex-
aminer of Accounts; is at present employed with the
Department of Sanitation, in the Administration Build-
ing, Ancon; was married August 23, 1909, to Anna
Winifred Arthur, of Boston, who accompanied him to
SAMUEL DUNCAN, machinist, born in England
in 1865; left England in 1872 and came to the United
States; public school education; started to learn the
machinist trade in 1881 and worked at the trade in
various places until 1891; accepted position as general
foreman for Stimmel-Hook's Iron Works, Turner, I1l;
leaving Illinois in 1893 to accept position of general
foreman for A. Ellis Iron Works, Lake Charles, La.;
left that position to accept a more remunerative po-
sition as master mechanic with the Calcahue-Vermon
and Shrevesport Railroad; leaving there in 1900, was
appointed chief engineer by the city of Pueblo, Colo.,
for the city water works; left for the Isthmus of
Panama in May, 1906, and worked three years at the
dry dock, Cristobal; came to Balboa in 1909 and
accepted position as general foreman, and from 1911,
up until the present date, as tool room foreman.
HOWARD VICTOR DUTROW, M. D., was born
at Charlesville, Frederick County, Md., December 30,
1880; was educated in the public schools and in the
Frederick City School for Boys; entered the medical
department of the University of Maryland, Baltimore,
Md., in 1900, and graduated in medicine in 1904.
Passed the Maryland State licensing board in June
of the same year; practiced medicine in Frederick,
Md., until December, 1905, when he received his
appointment as an interne in the Department of
Sanitation of the Isthmian Canal Commission. Spent
his first year on the Isthmus in the Colon Hospital.
In January, 1907, he was transferred to the "line"
and served at several stations in various capacities
until February, 1910, when he was transferred
to Ancon Hospital as assistant in the Eye and Ear
Department. He remained there until September 1,
1912. He was then transferred to Colon Hospital as
Chief of the Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Clinic. He
is a member of the American Medicial Association;
the Medicial Association of the Isthmian Canal Zone;
National Geographic Society; University Club of Pan-
ama; Tivoli Club; and secretary and treasurer of the
Medical Association of the Isthmian Canal Zone.
He was married on December 14, 1905, to Miss Emma
AgnesThomas, of Frederick, Md., and has one daughter,
OLOF EKEDAHL, son of Jonas and Mathilda
Sjostrand Ekedahl, was born in Sweden, July 6, 1852,
and graduated from college there May, 1872. Came
to United States in the summer 1879, and became
United States citizen in October, 1892. Is married
to Anna Fredrika von Platen, and has a stepdaughter,
Hera Mabel Westman. Was for many years connected
with American mining enterprises in the Tropics, and
subsequently with one of the old-line insurance com-
panies in New York City. Arrived on the Isthmus May,
1906, and continues in the service of the Canal Com-
mission, at present as custodian. Hails from Progres-
sive Lodge No. 354, A. F. & A. M., in jurisdiction of
the Grand Lodge of New York.
JOHN C. ELLERBE of Berkeley County, S. C.,
was born October 1, 1863, in Marion County, S. C.;
educated in the common schools, Marion high school,
and Eastman College; 1884-92 was engaged in farming,
merchandising, and manufacturing naval stores and
lumber; 1893-1902 was a commercial traveler in
Spanish-American countries; 1903-04 merchant and
farmer at Florence, S. C., 1905-11 Isthmian Canal
employee, Canal Zone; 1912 merchant and farmer and
manufacture of lumber, his fine plantation being
rapidly developed into an up-to-date stock farm; mar-
ried Miss Elenor Browning of Berkeley County, the
youngest daughter of Maj. T. S. Browning, in April,
1906, at Cristobal, C. Z.; has had two children born
to them, John C., Jr., and Stephen Edward; his present
address is Summerville, S. C., R. R. No. 2.
HARRY ENO, physician, born September 28, 1881,
at Belgium, Onondaga County, N. Y.; educated in
public schools, graduating from Baldwinsville high
school, 1900; received New York State scholarship at
Cornell University; graduated from Cornell University
Medical College, 1904; served as interne at St. Mary's
Hospital, Hoboken, N. J., 1904-05. Entered service
of Isthmian Canal Commission, October, 1905; served
at Colon Hospital, 1905-06; district physician suc-
cessively at Cristobal, Porto Bello, and San Pablo;
health office physician Colon and Cristobal, and dis-
trict physician at Pedro Miguel, 1907-11; served at
Ancon Hospital, 1911-12; at present district physician
at Gorgona. Doctor Eno is a member of Canal Zone
Medical Society and The American Medical Associa-
CHARLES RIDGELEY ENSEYwas born at Balti-
more, Md., August 24, 1867; his grandfather, Lot
Ensey, and his father, Richard Fahnestock Ensey,
were wholesale grocers in Baltimore for many years,
under the firm name of Lot Ensey & Son. He was
educated in the public schools of his home city, also
by private tutors, and passed examination for admission
to Johns Hopkins University, but on account of the
death of his father, instead of matriculating at the
university started to work for Wilson Burs & Co.,
wholesale grocers, where he was employed until his
removal to Florida, at the age of 21, with his
mother, Virginia Richardson Ensey, who was the
daughter of Dr. Charles Richardson and grand-
daughter of Robert Smith, both of Baltimore. Was
merchant and fruit purchaser for several years in
Florida until frosts killed the orange trees in the
northern section of the State, after which he was
engaged in the fruit business from Bahama Islands to
California and Nova Scotia. In 1898 he was married
and settled in Starke, Fla., until employed by the War
Department of the United States in constructing forti-
fications on Egmont and Mullet Keys, Tampa Bay,
Florida, from where he was transferred to Canal Zone
as a civil service employee April 19,1905. Was stationed
at Colon Hospital during his first year of service on
the Isthmus and was transferred to Taboga Sanitarium
on returning from his first leave of absence with his
family. After one year at Taboga he was promoted
and transferred to the more important station at
Culebra Hospital, remaining one year, at the close of
which was sent to Ancon Hospital. Completing one
year's service in the office of the Superintendent as
clerk, he was promoted to laundry superintendent,
February, 1909, where he has served continuously until
the present time.
SAMUEL FAGAN, Jr. Born September 29, 1860;
Nationality, Irish-American; native of New York
City; employed November20, 1906, as painter Mechan-
ical Division; now employed as coach painter, Gorgona
G. E. FALKNER. Born January 6, 1873, in
Wyoming, N. Y. Engaged in railway service in the
United States since 1892. Arrived on Isthmus, August
24, 1906, and is now employed as conductor with the
Panama Rail Road Company.
W. H. FALKNER. Born in 1864 in Middlebury
Village, Wyoming County, N. Y., and was educated
in the public school of Wyoming; worked on a farm
until April 1893. In June of the same year was
employed as locomotive firemanon the Buffalo, Rochester
and Pittsburg Railway; was promoted to locomotive
engineer November 28, 1899. Entered service of the
Isthmian Canal Commission in 1906, sailing from New
York on October 27. Is a member of the Crystal
Salt Lodge, No. 505, I. 0. O. F., Warsaw, N. Y., and
is a member and chief engineer of Division 756, Brother-
hood of Locomotive Engineers.
EDWARD MURRAY FECHTIG, of Hagerstown,
was born at Hagerstown, Md., July 19, 1870; educated
in the public schools of that city, accepting a position
in the post office, October 1, 1885, remaining in that
position until December 31, 1885. He was again ap-
pointed to a position in the Hagerstown post-office,
June 6, 1886, where he served continuously, in dif-
ferent capacities, until November, 1905, when he trans-
ferred to the Isthmian Canal Commission, and was
assigned to the Postal Department in the Canal Zone,
where he arrived November 21, 1905. Upon his
arrival he was placed in charge of a newly established
post office known as Station A, Ancon, though located
in the old Administration Building in the city of
Panama. July 1, 1906, he was transferred to the
Atlantic side and placed in charge of the Cristobal
post office, which position he has since held.
BAILEY M. FENNELL. Born at Wilmington'
N. C., August 13, 1877; common school education'
was engaged in mercantile work three and a half years
and in general auditor's office of the Atlantic Line
Railroad about the same length of time. In 1898,
went to Duplin County and engaged in sawmill busi-
ness, being junior partner of the firm of Dobson &
Fennell. After nearly seven years of this kind of work,
returned to Wilmington and worked one year as super-
intendent of Hydraulic White Brick Company, and one
year in the office of auditor of freight receipts, Atlantic
Coast Line. On June 24, 1906, landed in Colon; em-
ployed in the Local Auditor's Office, Panama Rail Road,
and has been'continually in the service up to the present
time. He now holds the position of Chief Clerk, Local
ALLEN D. FISHER. Born in 1873, at Belding,
lonia County, Mich. Has been a steam shovel man
for fourteen years; is married and has a son; arrived
on the Isthmus February 9, 1906, and has worked in
the Culebra Cut since that date.
ISAAC HENRY FLEISCHMAN. Born in Ameri-
cus, Ga., May 22, 1885, moved to Atlanta, Ga., in
1890; attended public schools and high school there;
went to the University of Georgia in 1903, graduated
with an A. B. degree in June, 1906. Left Atlanta, Ga.,
for the Isthmus and was employed by the Isthmiaa
Canal Commission, November 12, 1906. In the em-
ploy of the Commission ever since.
ELMO M. FOSTER. Born in Carthage, Mo., June
1, 1876; common school education received in public
schools of Norristown, Pa.; business education secured
at the Schissler College of Business, Norristown, Pa.;
on conclusion of business course was employed as fol-
lows: Stenographer and typewriter, three years with
Philadelphia & Reading Railway, Philadelphia, Pa.;
three years with American Bridge Company, Phila-
delphia, Pa.; two years with Penn Mutual Life Insur-
ance Company, Philadelphia, Pa.; resigned from the
last-mentioned company to accept a position with the
Isthmian Canal Commission, November 25, 1905, as
stenographer and typewriter, which position is occupied
by him at present; married in September, 1901.
MAURICE WINSLOW FOX. Born March 2,1883;
graduated from the University of Michigan in Mechan-
ical Engineering, in 1906;entered service on the Isthmus
onNovember 20, 1906.
M. L. FRENCH, was born January 10, 1878, at
Callao, Northumberland County, Va.; educated in
public schools; appointed to service on Isthmus June
13, 1906; arrived on Isthmus June 20, 1906; married
June 5, 1907, to Miss Mary E. Greenlaw and has two
WILLIAM P. GALLAGHER. Born in England
of Irish parents; came to the United States when 4
years old; educated in public schools of Milton, Mass.;
started driving team at 14 and worked at teaming
and contracting in New England until arrival on
Isthmus, February 28, 1905; has since worked for
Commission, except a short time for Panama Railroad;
at present foreman, municipal engineering, Culebra;
married August 20, 1912, to Miss Catherine E. Sullivan,
of Canton, Mass.
HARRY F. GANNON, was born April 10, 1885, in
Dillon, Mont.; was educated in public schools of Mon-
tana and New York; came to the Isthmus of Panama
in May, 1905, as locomotive engineer; was married
to Miss Elizabeth Christian in November, 1909; they
have one son.
EDWARD J. GARCON, Sanitary Department, was
born at Valenciennes, France, August 18, 1869; son
of Dr. Julian Garcon, member of the French Academy
of Medicine, Paris. Received his education at various
public and private schools in France. In 1887, at
the age of 18, he entered the French army, serving three
years, both in France and abroad in Tonkin, Asia.
In 1890 came to the United States, engaging in mercan-
tile pursuits in New York City. In 1891, having suf-
fered severe financial reverses, retired from business
and removed to Canada, receiving appointment as
constable in the Canadian mounted police, from which
body he received his discharge with honor in 1892.
Returning to the United States, in 1897 enlisted in the
Twenty-second Infantry, U. S. Regulars. In that
year served in Cuba, being recommended for medal
of honor for gallant service on the field of battle. In
1898 and 1899 served in the Philippines, and 1899 to
1905 in the United States in the Medical Corps;
August 12, 1905, to date in the Sanitary Department,
Isthmian Canal Commission.
JAMES J. GILBERT, a native of the eastern part
of North Carolina, where he attended the public
schools; entered the United States Postal Service as
clerk in the Kinston, N. C., post office in November,
1896, where he was continuously until his transfer to
the Canal Zone Postal Service, July 3, 1906. His
employment on the Isthmus has been in the capacities
of postal clerk, assistant postmaster, postmaster, and
ROBERT WILLIAM GLAW. Born in East Dubu-
que, Ill., September 29, 1877; received common school
education in Amboy, Ill., business school education in
Dixon, Ill.; worked for the Illinois Central Railroad as
stenographer, clerk, and division accountant from 1897
to 1904;October 11,1904, was employed by the Isthmian
Canal Commission and service with the Commission
has been continuous since that date.
ALBERT BRUCE GOODENOW. Born Ellenville,
Orange County, N. Y., November 5, 1877; moved to
Georgia in 1886; public school education. Business
career: Connected with freight and passenger de-
partments of Central of Georgia Railway and ocean
steamship companies, at Arlington, Ga., Milledgeville,
Ga., Atlanta, Ga., Savannah, Ga., and with passenger
department of Atlantic Coast Line and Seaboard Air
Line at Jacksonville, Fla., and Tampa, Fla. Came to
Isthmus in November, 1906, and began service with
the Panama railroad, which has been continuous up to
RICHARD B. GROVES. Born in Bristol, England,
January 1, 1883, and went to the United States when
about 1 year old. Original appointment with the
Isthmian Canal Commission was dated November 1,
1905, and has had continuous service since. He is now
employed as general foreman, Gorgona Store.
JOHN RAYMOND DE GRUMMOND, of Wash-
ington, D. C., was born in that city August 21, 1883;
educated in public schools; began working at the age
of 15; arrived on the Isthmus November 21, 1905, and
employed by the Division of Material and Supplies,
Isthmian Canal Commission, November 25, 1905; was
married December 31, 1908, to Miss Julia Cherry Robb,
of Houston, Tex.
ABRAM L. HAINES, M. D. Born January 8,
1859, at Fultonham, Schoharie County, N. Y.;
attended public schools and Schoharie Academy; grad-
uated from New York State Normal College in 1880;
obtained medical degree from University City of
New York in 1883; practiced medicine at Schoharie,
N. Y. Member of U. S. Board of Pension Examiners
under President Harrison's administration. At break-
ing out of Spanish-American War, entered U. S. Vol-
unteer Army Medical Service as assistant surgeon,
Two hundred and third New York Volunteers, and
later promoted to be surgeon of same. On mustering
out of the State regiment, commissioned as assistant
surgeon, One hundred and thirty-first U. S, Volunteer
Infantry, and later on, promoted to be surgeon of this
regiment. Saw service in Philippine Islands. On mus-
tering out of this regiment, after two years service,
was recommissioned as surgeon of U. S. Volun-
teers, remaining in the Islands until 1903. Appointed
physician in Isthmian Canal Commission Service on
Isthmus in February, 1905. Reached the Isthmus on
April 12, 1905. District physician of Culebra and
Empire districts since to date of resigning, November
12, 1912. Member of Schoharie Valley, A. F. &.A. M.
Lodge No. 491, and of county and State medical so-
cieties. Married 1884; 3 children.
JAN ARZINUS VAN HARDEVELD was born
January 19, 1875, in the village of Veenendaal, Province
of Utrecht, Netherlands. After completing course in
Jenkheer College of Velp he, in 1893, came to the United
States with the Holland-American Land Company,
of Logan County, Colo., which concern failed completely
in August of the same year, just two months after his
landing in New York, throwing him for the first time
on his own resources to earn his living. His first winter
was tided over as tutor in a private family, exchanging
this position in the spring for that of night wrangler
on the round-up with the Box J Cattle Company.
After working for this company for three years he,
in 1897, started as track hand with the Union Pacific
Railway, remaining with this system as roadmaster's
clerk, track and extra gang foreman until June, 1905,
when he entered the service of the Isthmian Canal
Commission as track foreman. Present occupation,
general foreman of construction.
HENRY A. HART. Born July 12, 1869, New York
City. Graduated from Grammar School No. 18, and
Columbia Grammar School, New York City. Finished
at Steven's High School, Hoboken, N. J. From 1892
to 1899, with the Railway Clearing House, Argentine
Republic; 1900 to 1906 with the United Railways of
Habana, and The Cuba Company, Cuba; entered
service of the Commission, April 12, 1906, as clerk in
the Division of Building Construction; transferred
to Central Division, September 15, 1908, Division
Engineer's Office, Empire, his present location.
R. J. HARVEY. Born August 4,1869, was educated
at Maryville College and prepared for the State Uni-
versity, having received a State appointment. When
he was ready to go to the university his father, who was
on a friend's note for some thousands of dollars, failed
and with him, Mr. Harvey's plans for a university edu-
cation. He thert took to railroading as affording the first
opportunity to make a little money, and in January,
1888, began work as a brakeman on the E. T. V. & G.
Railroad and has been railroading ever since in various
capacities; was with the Northern Pacific Railway
when he came to the Isthmus.
JOHN NEWTON HAYNES, of Rochester, N. Y.,
was bor at Sudbury, Middlesex County, Mass.,
March 7, 1876. In 1881 his parents moved to Appopka,
Orange County, Fla., where he attended country
school until 1889, when his father died; went to Red Oak,
Iowa, where he attended public school, and one term
of the Red Oak Business College until 1892; then re-
turning to Florida where he entered the woodworking
shops of J. C. McNeil, of Tampa, Fla., as apprentice,
serving three years; then worked in the shops of Eden-
field & Jetton of Ybor City, Tampa, Fla., until Au-
gust, 1898; removed to Rochester, N. Y., and secur-
ed work in the shops of John A. Smith Sash and Door
Company, as cabinet maker; later promoted to fore-
man of the stair-building department, which position
he held until October 25, 1906; received appointment
as carpenter in the Isthmian Canal Commission service
October 27, 1906; arrived on the Isthmus November, 2,
1906, was assigned to the Building Construction De-
partment at Gorgona; transferred to the Quartermaster's
Department, May 1, 1908, and has been traveling
gang foreman in that department to the present time;
married Miss Maude E. Brown, December 5, 1895.
AMANDUS HEINRICH, was born in Potsdam,
Germany, July 29, 1879; entered, at the age of 5 years,
the Victoria Gymnasium of that city; left that school,
after having attained the Tertia, and entered apprentice-
ship as a general machinist; after four years' service he
left to travel, arriving in New York in 1895. After
a short stay in the East he left for the West, where he
worked in Illinois, Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado. New
Mexico, and Arizona; went then to Old Mexico where
he worked in Chihuahua, Mapimi, Torreon, Velardena,
Aguas Calientes, San Luis Potosi, Tampico, and
Monterey; returned to the United States where he
worked in Texas and Louisiana and McComb, Miss.,
from where he was appointed to Panama; came to the
Isthmus on January 13, 1906, and worked in Empire
as machinist and later as leading man; was transferred
to Pedro Miguel in August, 1912, as lock gate inspector;
he married Miss Gussie Herzog of McComb, Miss.,
and has two sons, Herrmann and Arnold, Heinrich;
he is a member of the Knights of Pythias Lodge No. 2
and I. O. O. F. Lodge No. 3 of Empire.
HERBERT H. HOWE. Born in Ann Arbor, Mich.;
graduated from the University of Michigan in theclass
of 1881; entered the service of the Northwestern
Pacific Railroad Company as conductor in 1883; made
general agent of the Southern Pacific and Northern
Pacific railways in 1894; employed by the P. S. Rail-
way as conductor in 1903, and resigned in 1905. Ar-
rived on Isthmus as conductor for the Isthmian Canal
Commission on August 29, 1906.
PHILIP GIBSON HOYT, was born July 8, 1869, in
Madison, Morris County, N. J.; graduated from River-
view Military Academy, Poughkeepsie, NY., in 1886;
was a purser in the NewYork and Cuba Mail Steamship
Company from 1888 to 1896; transferred to Panama
Railroad Steamship Line in August, 1896;, left the
Steamship Line and entered the Auditor's Office of the
Panama Rail Road Company in May, 1897; from there
sent to the Isthmus December, 1905; employed at present
as ticket accountant of thePanama Rail Road Company,
WM. E. HUGHES, was born in Markham, Ontario,
Canada, June, 1877; family moved to Buffalo, N. Y.,
in 1879, where he was educated at the State Normal
School. He left home at the age of 17 and worked.
five years in the marine engine shop of W. & A.,
Fletcher Company, Hoboken, N. J., as apprentice and
machinist, after which he wenttj[ sea,: working as en-
gineer in the American Line, American-Hawaiian Line,;
If! )ijbU ,
Ward Line, and Panama Railroad Steamship Company;
he arrived on the Isthmus July 14, 1906, and worked
on several boats of the Atlantic Dredging Division
and is at present chief engineer of tug Gatun.
WILLIAM GEORGE HULL, chief car inspector,
Isthmian Canal Commission. Born September 12,
1883, in East Orange, N. J., received common school
education in New York City public school. Served
three years in the United States Engineer Corps,
1901-1904; worked on the reconstruction of the Gaute-
mala Northern Railroad, 1905, and came to the Isthmus
in February, 1906.
MAUD HOLDEN BARNEY HUNT. Born in
Marlboro, Mass.; educated in the public schools of
of that State; entered Framingham Hospital Training
School for Nurses in 1893; was graduated in April,
1896; engaged in private nursing in Marlboro, Mass.,
and adjoining towns for seven years; left there in 1901
for a post-graduate course in Charitable Eye and Ear
Infirmary in Boston; took a second course post-gradu-
ate on children's diseases on Boston Floating Hos-
pital; finished here at the end of the year; accepted
a call for nurses in Rome, Italy, spending a year and
a half in Italy and Switzerland, and returned to Boston
as nurse in St. Margaret's Private Hospital, Louisburg
Square, until the fall of 1905; sailed for Panama in
September of that year, nursing at Ancon Hospital
for seven years, until August, 1912; married A. J.
Webster August 4, 1912.
WILLIAM W. JOHN, foreman painter, Quar-
termaster's Department, was born at Ridott, Ill., July
9, 1873. He was educated in the public schools of
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