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SOCIETY OF THE CHAGRES
I. C. C. PRESS
MOUNT HOPE C. Z.
AUGUST 12 To OCTOBER 7, 191L
John K. Baxter (Chairman)
C. A. Mcllvaine
John J. Meehan
William F. Shipley
R. E. Wood
OCTOBER 7, 1911 TO JANUARY 20, 1912
William Craford Gorgas (President)
Lloyd Noland (Vice-Pesident)
C. A. Mcllaine (Secretary-Treasurer)
John K. Baxter
John J. Neehan Members of the Executive Committee
R. E. Wood
Adopted by the Society of the Chagres at its meeting held at the Strangers'
Club, Colon, Republic of Panama, October 7, 1911.
ARTICLE 1. The name of this Society shall be "THE SOCIETY OF THE
ART. 2. The objects of the Society shall be to hold an annual reunion of
the members, and to publish annually a roster of their names and current ad-
dresses; to keep alive the pleasant associations and memories connected with
the work in which they have each spent six or more years of their lives; and to
promote their common interests by such other means as may appear desirable
from year to year.
ART. 3. Membership in the Society shall be limited towhite employees of
the Isthmian Canal Commission or of the Panama Railroad Company of good
character, who have earned the Roosevelt Canal Medal and two bars prior
to the official opening of the Canal.
ART. 4. The Society shall hold its regular annual meeting on the night of
the third Saturday in January. Special meetings may be called by the Presi-
dent, if necessity therefore should arise. Meetings shall be held on the Isthmus
of Panama until the year 1915, and thereafter, either on the Isthmus or in any
city of the United States as the Society shall determine from year to year.
ART. 5. The officers of the Society shall be a President, a Vice-President, a
Secretary-Treasurer, and an Executive Committee consisting of the foregoing
and four other members. No salaries shall be paid to the officers, and, except-
ing the Secretary-Treasurer, no officer who has served one full term shall be
eligible for reelection for the next ensuing term.
ART. 6. The President shall preside at meetings of the Society and of the
ART. 7. The Vice-President shall act in the absence of the President.
ART. 8. The Secretary-Treasurer shall keep all records of the Society, collect
its initiation fees and dues, and have the custody of its funds. He shall ac-
knowledge all receipts in writing, and secure the President's approval for all
expenditures. He shall be bonded at the expense of the Society, and he shall
submit to the Society an annual report of his receipts and disbursements.
ART. 9. The Executive Committee shall carry out the plans of the Society
from year to year; make all necessary arrangements for the annual reunion;
pass on the eligibility of applicants for membership; audit the accounts of the
Secretary-Treasurer; and publish a year-book to contain a roster of the mem-
bers with their current addresses and biographical notes, and the reports of
the officers of the Society.
ART. 10. The Executive Committee shall be authorized to select a member
of the Society to fill any vacancy in the office of President, Vice-President,
Secretary-Treasurer, or in its own membership, which may occur during the
course of the year.
ART. 11. Four members of the Executive Committee shall constitute a
quorum for the transaction of business, provided due notice of the meeting
shall have been given to all members, including those absent.
ART. 12. The Executive Committee is authorized to pass reimbursement
vouchers to cover actual expenses incurred by officers or members in transact-
ing the necessary business of the Society.
ART. 13. The Executive Committee is not authorized to incur expenses
which will exceed the amount of funds in the Treasury.
ART. 14. The emblem of the Society shall be a circular pin or button, nine-
sixteenths of an inch in diameter, showing on a black background surrounded
by a narrow gold border six horizontal bars in gold. The emblem shall be
issued by the Secretary-Treasurer to qualified members only, upon payment of
an initiation fee sufficient to cover its cost, and of dues for one year.
ART. 15. The annual dues shall be three dollars, payable on January 1st,
for the next ensuing year; provided that only charter members will be required
to pay dues for the year 1911. Only members who shall have joined the Society
on or before October 7, 1911, shall be charter members.
ART. 16. Any ten members may nominate a fellow member for election to
any of the offices of the Society, but all such nominations must be submitted
to the Secretary-Treasurer in writing not later than October 31. As soon
thereafter as possible, but, in any event not later than November 15, the Secre-
tary-Treasurer shall prepare and mail to each member of the Society a ballot
containing the names of all candidates nominated for each office. At the annual
meeting of the Society, the vote cast by letter ballot shall be canvassed, and
those candidates receiving a plurality of the votes shall be declared elected.
ART. 17. Amendments to this Constitution may be proposed by any ten
members, and shall be submitted to the Society by the Secretary-Treasurer
for vote by letter ballot. Two-thirds of the votes cast shall be necessary to
.carry an amendment; provided, however, that an amendment of Article 3 may
be made only with the concurrence of two-thirds of the entire membership, by
~ __ _~
ROLL OF CHARTER MEMBERS
THE SOCIETY OF THE CHAGRES
Angel, J. C.
Ashton, W. F.
Atterbury, Thos. C.
Austin, Charles B.
Avery, James A.
Barte, George A.
Baxter, John K.
Beckel, W. O.
Bedell, William H.
Benninger, Sherman A.
Bergin, Ralph W.
Beverley, E. P.
Booth, Rufus K.
Bottenfield, F. M. D.
Bovay, Harry E.
Bradberry, Randall, T.
Brewer, W. T.
Bushnell, H. H.
Caldwell, B. W.
Cantwell, Matthew D.
Cappers, W. F.
Carpenter, Marcy H.
Carroll, Lon N.
Chester, W. C.
Clark, T. H.
Cleary, J. W.
Clement, Charles C.
Close, Joseph A.
CoUp, E. H.
Connolly, M. B.
Cooke, Thomas M.
Cornish, Frank L.
Cornwell, Albert E.
Corrigan, Joseph A.
Cotton, Arthur E.
Crafts, Charles P.
Davis, John R.
Dewling. Andrew W.
Dillon, V. C.
Donahue, Daniel F.
Duckworth, J. T.
Duey, C. W.
Dunning, W. E.
Eason, John J.
Ellerbe, J. C.
Ergenzinger, Wm. G.
Fairbanks, Helen G.
Farish, H. S.
Farmer, Alfred G.
Feld, Fred'k A.
Ferber, Louise A.
Ferebee, F. B.
Finley, Lee L.
Forman, J. C.
Frost, Julia M.
Garrison, Edgar S.
Geddes, C. R.
Gibson, John K.
Gilkey, Lloyd L.
Gilmore, C. E.
Goldsmith, E. J.
Gorgas, William C.
Gorham, George H.
Greeley, H. L.
Green, W. H.
Greene, Frank E.
Griggs. Albert C.
Grissom, J. T.
Gudger, H. A.
Hackenberg, Austin L
Halloran, George B.
Harrod, Ernest E.
Harvey, R. J.
Henry, William D,
Hostetter, H. O.
Houston, J. F.
Hubbard, E. L.
Humphreys, James T
Hunt, J. St. C.
Hunter, C. D.
Huntoon, Robert J.
Jackson, J. J.
Jussen, A. S.
Kallish, B. A.
Keeling, E. A.
Kendall, Charles E.
Kiernan, J. C.
Kyte, J. P.
La Rock, John
Laughlin, R E.
Lucchesi, A. P.
Lundishef, Alex. A
Lupfer, C. M.
MacCormack, D. W.
Mackereth Adelaide P
Mansfield, Henry C.
Martin, William A.
Mattimore, H. B.
Maxon, William E.
McDonald, D. E.
Mcllvaine, C. A.
Mealer, Charles L.
Meech, Marietta L.
Meehan, J. J.
Middleton, N. B.
Morris, Robert K.
Mullin, John W.
Murphy, Robert E.
Nelson, Clyde A.
Nichols, A. B.
Ninas, George A.
Otis, Harry W.
Palmer, E. W.
Parker, Chas. L.
Patterson, A. C.
Patterson, W. O.
Pender, W. I.
Perry, J. C.
Perry, Wilbur S.
Phillips, John L.
Pierce, Claude C.
Potter, Russell B.
Potts, Frederick A.
Reid, Howard M.
Reidy, J. J.
Robinson, A. L.
Ruggles, George H.
Sands, R. M.
Sawtelle, H. W.
Sessions, A. C.
Shady, Raymond C.
Shipley, Win. F.
Simmons, Clinton 0
Sinclair, Joseph M.
Sine, Elwood P.
Sisson, Benjamin F.
Smith, Drew E.
Smith, Jay M.
Smith, John H., Jr.
Sonneman, Otto F.
Start, Arthur E.
St. Clair, Dan.
Stephens, Walter E.
Stewart. F. F.
Storm, W. H.
Strong, George W.
Swanson. F. G.
Talty, John W.
Tenny, M. W.
Thompson. F. Y.
Thompson, W. L.
Tipton, George W.
Tragsdorf, William E.
Tucker. James E.
Turner, Anna R.
Tysinger, J. D.
Vance, DeWitt C.
Van Zant, C. L.
Wardlaw, R. H.
Warner, A. M.
Warren, H. P.
Warren, J. C.
Weems, M. A.
Whitaker, C. L.
White, S. M.
White, Walter J.
Whitney, George A.
Willson, Fred D.
Willson, L. E.
Wilson, Paul S.
Wood, R. E.
Wood, W. M.
Woods, J. T.
SPEECH MADE BY PRESIDENT
ROOSEVELT TO THE EMPLOYEES
OF THE ISTHMIAN CANAL COM-
1MNISSION IN THE ADMINISTRA-
TION BUILDING, CULEBRA, CANAL ZONE,
NOVEMBER 16, 1906, AT 1.55 P. M.
GENTLEMEN: There is not much to say, because about
all that I would say is how heartily I appreciate, on
behalf of the country, the work that you are doing.
Yesterday and today, as I have been going along the
Canal and seeing the work, I have had more and more
a feeling towards you, gentlemen, and further toward all
connected with the Canal who are going along and
doing their duty, that they are earning a right to the
gratitude of the country such as can ordinarily be
earned only by soldiers who have served in the few
great wars of history.
I have just the feeling about you men down here,
that I have in meeting the men who have done well in
a big war, necessary for the honor and interest of the
country, that has been carried to a successful conclusion.
Next to a man's home life, the thing best worth while
doing is something that counts, not only for himself,
but for the country at large; and that is the kind of a
thing you are doing. I hope that the spirit already
here will grow even greater; will make each man
identify himself with this work, and do it in such
shape that in the future it will only be necessary to
say of any man, "He was connected with the digging
of the Panama Canal," to confer the patent of nobility
upon that man.
In other words, just as we think of those who fought
valiantly in the Civil War, we feel that he is a man who
does not have to explain his part in the work of civiliza-
tion. It is a great work, and he can feel that this is
what he has earned; what he has done explains itself.
Now this is. exactly what we will have the right to say
of you: "That man did his full duty because he was con-
nected honorably and in good faith with the greatest
feat of the kind ever performed in America-the greatest
feat ever performed by any nation in the history of
Now good-by and good luck. You seem a straight-
out set of Americans, and I am mighty proud of you.
ADDRESS OF PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT TO THE EMPLOYEES
OF THE ISTHMIAN CANAL COMMISSION, AT COLON,
PANAMA, NOVEMBER 17. 1906.
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN:
It was without precedent for a President to leave the
United States, but this work is without precedent.
You are doing the biggest thing of the kind that has
ever been done, and I wanted to see how you are
doing it. I am profoundly thankful that I shall be able
to take back to the United States the message that the
Nation's picked sons are carrying themselves so well
here that I can absolutely guarantee the success of the
mighty work which they are doing. It is not an easy
work. Mighty few things that are worth doing are
easy. Sometimes it is rough on the men and just a little
rougher on the women. It has pleased me particularly
to see, as I have met the wives who have come down
here with their husbands, the way in which they have
turned in to make the best of everything and to help
the men do their work well.
I want to say this word to you, men-right through-
to all of you, who are engaged in the work of digging this
Canal, whether you are here as superintendent, fore-
man, chief clerk, machinist, conductor, engineer, steam-
shovel man-(and he is the American who is setting the
mark for the rest of you to live up to, by the way)-
whoever you are, if you are doing your duty you are put-
ting your country under an obligation to you just as a
soldier who does his work well in a great war puts the
country under an obligation to him. As I have seen
you at work, seen what you have done and are doing,
noted the spirit with which you are approaching the
task yet to be done, I have felt just exactly as I should
feel if I saw the picked men of my country engaged in
some great war. I am weighing my words when I say
that you, here, who do your work well in bringing to com-
pletion this great enterprise, will stand exactly as the
soldiers of a few, and only a few, of the most famous
armies of all the nations stand in history, This is one
of the great works of the world; it is a greater work
than you, yourselves, at the moment realize. Some of
you, a good many of you, are sons of men who fought in
the Civil War. When your fathers were in the fighting,
they thought a good deal of the fact that the blanket
was too heavy by noon and not quite heavy enough by
night; that the pork was not as good as it might be;
and the hard-tack was sometimes insufficient in amount;
and that they were not always satisfied with the way
in which the regiments were led. Those were the things
they talked about a good deal of the time. But when
the war was done-when they came home, when they
looked at what had been accomplished-all those things
sank into insignificance, and the great fact remained
that they had played their part like men among men;
that they had borne themselves so that when people
asked what they had done of worth in those great years
all that they had to say was that they had served
decently and faithfully in the great armies. So you
men here, in the future, each man of you, will have
the right to feel, if he has done his duty and a little
more than his duty right up to the handle in the work
here on the Isthmus, that he has made his country his
debtor; that he has done more than his full share in
adding renown to the nation under whose flag this
canal is being built.
(A voice in the audience: "How about Mr. Bigelow?")
Why, gentlemen, there never was a great feat done
yet that there were not some men.evil enough, small
enough, or foolish enough, to wish to try to interfere
with it and to sneer at those who are actually doing the
work. From time to time little men will come along to
find fault with what you have done; to say that some-
thing could have been done better; that there has been
some mistake, some shortcoming; that things are not
really managed in the best of all possible manners,
in the best of all possible worlds. They will have their
say, and they will go down stream like bubbles; they
will vanish; but the work you have done will remain for
the ages. It is the man who does the job who counts,
not the little scolding critic who thinks how it ought to
have been done.
I go back a better American, a prouder American, be-
cause of what I have seen the pick of American man-
hood doing here on the Isthmus. You will have hard
times. Each of you will sometimes think that he is mis-
understood by some one above him. That is a common
experience of all of us, gentlemen. Now and then you will
feel as if the people at home were indifferent and did
not realize what you were doing. Do not make a mis-
take; they do realize it, and they will realize it more and
more clearly as the years go by. I cannot overstate
the intensity of the feeling I have (and therein I merely
typify the sentiment of the average man of our country)
as to the vital importance of the task that you are doing;
and to each of you who does his share of that task
there will come in the end the proud assurance of vital
duty well done. This assurance can come to but a
limited number of men in each generation; and you are
to be congratulated that you are among that limited
number. I do not pity you because you have before
you a hard task. I would feel ashamed of you if I
thought you wanted pity. I admire you, I wish that
any one of my boys was old enough to take part in the
work. I feel that to each of you has come an opportunity
such as is vouchsafed to but few in each generation. I
shall see if it is not possible to provide for some little
memorial, some mark, some badge, which will always
distinguish the man who for a certain space of time has
done his work well on the Isthmus, just as the button
of the Grand Army distinguishes the man who did
his work well in the Civil War. Another thing: In the
Grand Army the spirit that appeals to me most is the
spirit of full and frank comradeship among its members.
Whether a man"was a lieutenant-general of the Army
of the United States, or whether he was the youngest
recruit whose age would permit him to serve in the
ranks, makes no difference; if he did his duty well he
is a comrade to his fellows, and acclaimed as such
in a spirit of full equality in every Grand Army post.
The point is not the position, but the way in which the
man handled himself in the position. So here, whatever
the work, whether it be that of chief engineer, assistant
engineer, machinist, foreman, or steam-shovel man, the
only question that need be asked is, Did the man do it
well? And to do it well, gentlemen; you must do just a
little more than merely earn the salary. Each man
must have in him the feeling that, besides getting what
he is rightfully entitled to for his work, that aside and
above that must come the feeling of triumph at being
associated with the work itself, must come the appre-
ciation of what a tremendous work it is, of what a splen-
did opportunity is offered to any man who takes part in it.
As I came up the line through the Culebra cut yester-
day, on one of the steam shovels they had out the le-
gend,"We will do our best to help you dig it." I liked
to look at that motto. That is the right spirit. An-
other man called out to me as the train passed,"We are
going to put it through." That is the spirit I like to see,
and it is the spirit that you have in you.
In any army, there are some men who, to use a homely
phrase, can't stand the pace. So, here on the Isthmus,
there is an occasional man who meanswell, but who does
not know how; there is an occasional man who does not
mean well at all; and when a man of either type gets
out and goes home it is much more comfortable for
him not to say that he failed, but that somebody else
was not really a good man. There will always be a
certain percentage of men in any work who for one
cause or another become disgruntled, become sulky,
and then try to run down the work and run down those
who are doing it; and they are the natural and legitimate
sources of the misinformation and slander of the yellow
writers, of the men who preach the gospel of despair,
whether in magazine or in newspaper. If there is any
veteran of the Civil War here, he will tell you there were
'coffeecoolers" in those days too; there are some of them
to be found everywhere and at all times. These men,
as they go home beaten, will give a totally wrong im-
pression of the rest of the men down here, a totally
wrong impression, not to their countrymen as a whole,
but to a few people of little faith who measure the stand-
ard of you who succeed in doing the work by the stand-
ard of those who fail in the effort to do the work. We
can disregard them. No man can see, as I have seen,
the character of the men engaged in doing this work
and not glow with pride to think that they are repre-
sentatives of his country. No man can see them and
fail to realize that our honor and interest are safe in
their hands-are safe in your hands.
In closing, all I have to say is this: You are doing a
work the like of which has not before been seen in the
ages, a work that shall last through the ages to come, and I
pledge you as President of the United States, and speak-
ing for the people of the United States, every ounce of
support and help and assistance that it is in my power
to give you, so that we together, you backed by the
people of the United States, may speedily bring this
greatest of works to a triumphant conclusion.
Farewell Reception to Hr. Stleens-Ex-Chief Engineer Leaves
[Article published in the Star and Herald of April 9, 1907.]*
John F. Stevens sailed for the United States at noon,
Sunday, on the Panama Rail Road steamer Panama.
The crowd on the wharf was probably the largest
that has waved adieu to any ship leaving Colon since
the Americans have been in charge of canal work. The
Panama was flying all her signal flags in honor of her
distinguished passenger, and when the Allianca dropped
out into the bay to salute the departing ship as it
passed, Captain Sukeforth had her dressed from bow
to stern. It was exactly noon when the Panama left
the wharf. Almost every one had shaken hands with
Mr. Stevens and his son, John F., junior, and shortly
after the Canal Commissioners left the ship she moved
out to sea. The Allianca and other vessels in the har-
bor whistled their salutes, the crowd waved hats and
handkerchiefs and many shed tears while the I.C.C.
band played "Auld Lang Syne." Mr. Stevens stood
at the rail, and as long as he could be recognized his
face was pale and sad.
The reception in his honor on Saturday night brought
together all the Americans at Cristobal and as many
*NOTE.-The Editor was unable to obtain a verbatim report of Mr. Stevens's speech on this
occasion. The newspaperarticle in which thespeech is paraphrased is accordingly substituted.
from the Canal Zone as could be brought in by six reg-
ular and special trains, each car of which was crowded
when it arrived at Colon. Three special trains left Colon
for points along the Canal Zone after the reception Sat-
urday night; but, notwithstanding the departure of the
passengers they carried, the hotels of Colon and the homes
of the people at Cristobal were taxed to their utmost to
accommodate the number of people who wanted to re-
main over until Sunday morning to witness Mr. Stevens'
Pier 11, where so many receptions have been held,
has now been so much improved that it was possible to
make the arrangements for the guests and the decora-
tions for this reception more elaborate than has ever
been attempted before. Flags, lights, and palms were
in the usual profusion. The new waiting room built
for the use of the passengers on the Panama Railroad
steamships afforded an admirable dressing-room for the
ladies, and seats for the dancers had been built around
the engines on the wharf, the machinery having been
covered with bunting and greens.
The last special train was about forty-five minutes late
in reaching Colon, but Mr. Stevens and the reception
committee waited until it had arrived and its passengers
reached the pier. On the receiving stand Conmissioners
Jackson Smith, Colonel Gorgas, Assistant Chief Engi-
neer Ripley, and Messrs. Noble, Stearns, and Freeman
(the consulting engineers who accompanied Mr. Taft),
Executive Secretary Reed, Consul General Shanklin,
Captain Shanton, and a number of ladies were gathered
to receive Mr. Stevens. About nine-thirty he was es-
corted to the wharf by Mr. Bierd, Mr. Tubby, and Mr.
Maltby. Mr. Stevens escorted Mrs. Tubby and immedi-
ately after them came Mrs. Bierd and Mr. Tubby, who
were followed by Mr. and Mrs. Maltby. While the
band played the "Conquering Hero Comes," the assem-
bled guests made an aisle through which Mr. Stevens and
his party passed to the receiving stand. His entrance
was the signal for a burst of applause which continued
until Mr. Bierd, as the presiding officer of the occasion,
arose to say good-by to Mr. Stevens in the name of the
men on the canal work.
With a great deal of feeling Mr. Bierd said it was un-
necessary for him to make any announcement of the
reasons for the gathering, that its one common and in-
spiring cause was so deeply impressed in the heart of
every one present that the speaker could hope only in-
adequately to make Mr. Stevens understand the full
measure of the regard and affection in which he is
held by the men who have served under him. Mr. Bierd
reviewed in a general way the work of the last two years
and said that while Mr. Stevens had not been an easy
taskmaster, he had won the respect and even the love
of all of his employees because he had convinced them
they were serving a man able at all times to overcome
all the problems involved; to keep together all the de-
tails making for the success of the whole work; and whose
decisions always impressed his subordinates with the be-
lief that they had been made for what he believed to be
right. As Mr. Bierd said, it was to bid such a chief
Godspeed that they had assembled.
Mr. Stevens modestly gave credit to Mr. Wallace for
the organization he found on the Isthmus and which Mr.
Stevens said he has modified only as necessity required.
Two years ago the speaker said he would admit that
he was almost as overawed as was the President, the
Cabinet, and the people at large in the United States, by
the amount of preparation, construction, railroad and
sanitary work required. Until Colonel Gorgas had
lifted the dark cloud which the unsanitary conditions
placed over the work, Mr. Stevens said that he was in
doubt as to the measure of his possible success. When
Colonel Gorgas had removed that doubt Mr. Stevens
knew the men with him would put through the canal,
and that what it is today is due to the loyalty of every
unit among the employees.
Mr. Stevens said he felt justified in resigning because
he undertook command of the work under protest and
now conditions are such that he feels absolutely assured
that the canal can be opened on January 1, 1915.
As to the future, Mr. Stevens asked the men on the
Isthmus, as their sincere friend, not to even think of
taking any little differences and complaints to Wash-
ington, but to Colonel Goethals, for whom he asked the
same loyalty heretofore shown to himself.
Mr. Bierd then told Mr. Stevens that the men on
the work have subscribed for some tokens of their re-
gard that will be sent to him as soon as they are com-
pleted. The nature of the gifts selected was not stated
to Mr. Stevens, but they will include a silver service,
a watch, and a ring. Three were selected because of
the desire to let Mr. Stevens have from the men on
the canal something he may pass on to each of his sons.
For years he had worn a plain gold ring, of which he
was especially fond. This ring was stolen from him
twice and as many times recovered, but a third time it
disappeared and has never been regained. Those that
know him have planned to make the ring given by the
canal men as nearly like as possible to this favorite of
Just before leaving, Mr. Stevens was presented with
the petition circulated and signed the moment his re-
signation became known on the Isthmus. This was pre-
pared in two volumes. One containing all the signatures
sent by the men in the different departments of the
Isthmian Canal Commission and the other all the signa-
tures of the men on the Panama Railroad. The Isth-
mian Canal Commission bindery bound both volumes
and with the case made to hold both of them they make
a souvenir which appealed to and affected M r. Stevens
Colonel Goethals' Speech at Coro0al as Reported in the Star and Herald
of March 19, 1907.
The wish to see and hear Major Goethals was, by
this time, so manifest that he had to rise and make some
response. His words were undoubtedly the most im-
portant that have been heard by the men on the Zone
since the receipt of the few words announcing that Mr.
Stevens had resigned. In a clear voice the Major ex-
plained his plans so far as any man in his position can
at this time define them. His speech was followed by
tremendous applause. He said:
I was rather in hope that I might escape this part of
this evening's entertainment. I am not a speaker, but I
would like to say that eighteen months ago, when I came
to the Isthmus with the Secretary of War, and saw the
condition of affairs then, the prospects of an Isthmian
Canal seemed rather hopeless. I have been very much
surprised to see the progress made within that time. I
fully realize that Mr. Stevens has perfected an organi-
zation, which, if maintained, will carry this canal
through to completion. (Prolonged applause.) I want
to say here that it is my intention to keep that organi-
zation as he has established it. (Applause.)
I have understood that there was some little feeling
on account of militarism, but I want to state here
that I do not expect a salute from any man on the job.
When I commanded a company, every man in that
company understood that he could always come to the
Captain at any time that he saw fit and lay before the
Captain any grievance he thought he had. I want you,
gentlemen, to understand and feel that I will welcome
any suggestion. I shall listen to any complaint or any
grievance that any of you may have. You will not
have to come to the office. You may speak to me any-
where along the work, and I will gladly listen to you.
I will set no time to see you. You may come to my
office at any time and I will gladly listen.
While we are on this subject of militarism, I will say
that I expect to be the chief; the Division Engineers and
the heads of the various departments are going to be the
Colonels, the Foremen are going to be the Captains,
and the men who do the work are going to be the pri-
vates. You have your Colonels with you, and they will
remain; you have your Captains with you, and they
will remain. There will be no more militarism in the
future than there has been in the past.
I am no longer a commander in the United States
Army. I now consider that I am commanding the
Army of Panama, and that the enemy we are going to
combat is the Culebra Cut and the locks and dams at
both ends of the canal, and any man here on the work
who does his duty will never have any cause to com-
plain on account of militarism. (Prolonged applause.)
Extracts from an Address by President Taft at Paraiso, November
And now may I digress from the chief purpose of this
meeting and from that which was the occasion for calling
it, for a few words concerning the great work of con-
struction in which you are all engaged. This is the fifth
visit which I have made to the Isthmus since the United
States acquired title to the Canal from the French
Canal Company. The first I made in April, or May, of
1904. Then, substantially no work had been done ex-
cept a little experimental excavation in Culebra Cut
under the shadow of Contractor's and Gold Hills. It
was not then settled whether the Canal should be sea-
level or a lock canal. Gatun and Miraflores and Pedro
Miguel were sleeping peacefully, with no knowledge
of the world-wide reputation that they were subse-
quently to acquire. The hills that the relocated Pa-
nama railroad has cut through and the valleys that have
been crossed by its immense fills were in the center of
undisturbed forest and jungle. Colon was reeking with
filth and disease. The City of Panama was picturesque,
but its condition was unsanitary and its streets were so
badly paved as to make a visit to the city most uncom-
fortable. There was a notch at Culebra between Gold
Hill and Contractor's Hill, and there was a cut in the
surface of the earth in that neighborhood to show where
the French intended the.Canal should be; but with that
exception it was difficult-from anything that appeared
on the surface-to stir one's imagination, and create
in his mind's eye a canal upon the bosom of which
should float the commercial and military navies of the
Since that time there has been developed a wonder-
ful organization by which this greatest modern work is
being carried on to a successful completion. Homes
have been made for 40,000 strangers; food has been
furnished; machinery has been set up; cars and locomo-
tives have been brought and placed upon the railroad.
The Zone, with the two cities at either end, has been
subjected to regulation by sanitary scientists so that
yellow fever and malignant malaria, and the other dis-
eases that formed an insuperable obstacle in the French
construction have been driven off the Isthmus. A plan
for the Canal has been adopted, which, by closing with
dam and locks the basin furnished by nature, proposes
to turn the Chagres River into an immense lake for
navigation and to rob the river of all its destructive ca-
pacity; and the great machine made up of human and
mechanical parts has been set going in this strip of
fifty miles by ten until now the work has reached a
point where the mere inspection of it rouses the in-
tensest interest, the greatest enthusiasm, and the pro-
foundest admiration for Colonel Goethals and his
faithful staff of experts and all the men and women,
who, by their work and their presence on the Isthmus
have made this result possible.
As the great creation takes form and the plan, which
was so clear to the professional men who designed it,
opens itself in concrete mold to the observation of the
layman, the eagerness with which we all look forward
to the completion of the work grows apace, and we envy
the record of the men to whose skill and courage and
energy, persistence, and foresight, the Canal will forever
form an enduring monument.
It has been given me to visit it, as I have said, five
times, and I cannot exaggerate the pleasure that these
opportunities have made for measuring the extent of
the work and its rapid progress. Americans are justi-
fied in an intense pride that so great a work is the creation
of their own people. This Canal will radically change
the world avenues of trade. It will double the naval
strength of the United States. It will greatly cheapen
transportation between the Atlantic and the Pacific sea-
boards of the United States. It will bring our country
far closer to the western shore of South America, to
Australia and the islands of the Pacific, and it will come
to be regarded, I hope, as a permanent evidence to the
world of the generous willingness of our country to ex-
pend from her great national wealth hundreds of
millions for the general improvement of the world's
I congratulate all who hear me and who are of the or-
ganization under the Canal Commission, whether you
be officials in high authority, or only in the ranks of the
army that is fighting this battle with nature, upon the
high satisfaction that you must always feel after the
work is done that you were among those who con-
tributed to its success.
HENRY ANDERSON, Mill Foreman, Panama Railroad Com-
pany, of San Diego, California, was born in Holstein, Germany,
November 10, 1842, where he received a public-school education;
he came to the United States of America in 1864, in November of
which year he enlisted in the Federal Army at New Haven, in
Company I, Eleventh Connecticut; he was mustered out at
Hartford in December, 1865; he went to California in 1868, and
after nine years, in 1877, went to Arizona, where he lived for four
years; in 1881 he went to Old Mexico, and came to the Isthmus
of Panama in 1885, where he was employed by the Panama Rail-
road Company in June of that year. Up to date, his service with
them has been continuous.
JOSEPH CREATH ANGEL, born in Wilmington, New Han-
over County, North Carolina, March 17, 1879; moved to Rich-
mond, Virginia, 1881; removed to Wilmington, 1891; received
common-school education in both cities; commenced work, 1895,
with the cotton exporting and compressing firm of Alexander,
Sprunt & Sons, at Wilmington; resigned same year to accept
position with the Atlantic Coast Line Railway Co. in same city,
serving until October, 1904, when he was employed by the Pana-
ma Railroad Company for service on the Isthmus, arriving No-
vember 1, 1904. Since which date he has been in the employ of
that company as Clerk, Traveling Auditor, and his present
position as Chief Clerk in the freight department.
GEORGE ARMIGER, Conductor on the Panama Railroad,
was born, March 10, 1874, at Baltimore, Maryland, and educated
in the public schools and Maryland Institute of that city; after
several years in the commercial line he entered the service of the
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company as brakeman on a construc-
tion train building the Point of Rocks cut-off and Mount Airy
tunnel; he was working on the excavation and grading for the
Union Terminal at Washington, D. C., from which position he
resigned in February, 1905, to accept an appointment from the
Walker Canal Commission, and entered the service, February 15,
1905, running a dirt train in the Culebra Cut. The only equip-
ment then in use was that left by the French after their tragic
failure. After hauling dirt from the old French excavators work-
ing at Culebra and Cucaracha, he was then a pioneer at the open-
ing of Empire, Paraiso, and Pedro Miguel, in the construction for
cutting-in the American steam shovels and getting the American
.engines and cars in service. In April, 1906, he was transferred to
the Panama Railroad, and assigned as Conductor of a work train
building the second track from Culebra to Tiger Hill. After the
.completion and operation of the double track in November, 1908,
he was assigned to the local freight, of which train he is now Con-
*ductor. He was married in 1900 to Miss Mary T. Moore, of
Middlesex Co., Va. Mr. and Mrs. Armiger have two children,
.and reside at Cristobal.
WILLIAM F. ASHTON was born in Plymouth, England,
February 14, 1872; came to the United States with his parents
and settled at Calumet, Michigan, in 1876; was educated in the
public schools at Calumet; he began work with the Tamarck
Mining Company at Calumet, Michigan, in 1889; in 1892 he
went with the Ashland Mining Company of Iron Wood, Mich.
He was married in 1892 to Miss Annie Holmberg and has eight
children (5 boys and 3 girls). In 1900, he removed to Sault
Ste. Marie, Mich., to take charge as superintendent of the Cop-
per Queen and Calumet, and Ontario mines, where he remained
until he came to the Isthmus in the early part of 1905; he started
work for the Isthmian Canal Commission on April 23, 1905, as a
Pumpman at Mount Hope Pumping Station, and at present is
employed as General Foreman of Pumping Stations and Water-
works of the Atlantic Division.
JOHN ATKINS, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, May 2, 1861;
received a common-school education; at the age of 18 entered the
service of the U. S. Engineer Corps, Mississippi River Commis-
sion, Third District, continuing there from 1879 to 1897, as fore-
man, overseer, and superintendent of construction. In 1898 went
into business on his own account, merchandise and contracting,
being so engaged until 1905, when he entered the employ of the
Isthmian Canal Commission, as Foreman on Tracks and Dumps
in the Central Division, and transferred to the Atlantic Division
as Cableway Engineer, in August, 1909. English ancestry; is
married and has seven children.
THOMAS CHRISTOPHER ATTERBURY was born, No-
vember 29, 1872, in St. Louis, Missouri; coming to the Isthmus
from Denver, Colorado, by appointment as a Miner Foreman,
he arrived on February 2, 1905, and has had continuous service
with the Canal Commission to the present time. Being familiar
with the blasting operations of the Canal put him in a favorable
position to become Supervisor of Explosives; having previously,
as well as subsequently, assisted in making the use and handling
of explosives more safe and sane.
CHARLES BURTON AUSTIN was born in Hartford, Con-
necticut, on October 18, 1877, and was educated in the public
school; graduated and went into the meat business with his
father; in 1899, he enlisted in the Twenty-seventh United States
Volunteers and was mustered out in Manila in 1901, and entered
the employ of the civil government of Manila in the customs
department, on duty in Manila and Shanghai, China; after four
years of continuous service there he resigned to accept a position
on the Panama Canal in 1905. He was married on the Isthmus
on January 15, 1908, to Miss Marcie Iretta Carpenter, of Car-
penter, Alabama, and they have two girls. On October 7, 1908,
he was transferred from General Foreman, Mount Hope Ware-
house, Material and Supplies Department, to his present position
with the Commissary-Subsistence Department, as Superintend-
ent of the Cold Storage Plant at Cristobal.
JAMES ALFRED AVERY was born in Meridian, Lauderdale
County, Mississippi, August 25, 1873; was educated in the public
schools, finishing high school in 1890; served three and one-half
years' apprenticeship in the office of G.M. Torgenson, architect
and structural engineer, Meridian, Miss.; in 1893, he moved to
Houston, Texas, at which place he served four and one-half years
as architectural draftsman in the office of Eugene T. Heiner,
architect, and in 1898 moved to Salt Lake City, Utah, where he
engaged in a contracting business; in 1899, he received an ap-
pointment in the Quartermaster's Department and went to
Manila, P. I., where he served for two years as general foreman of
construction on the insular cold storage and ice plant; he returned
to the United States in 1901 and was engaged as superintendent
of construction with C. E. Smith & Co., contractors, Pittsburg,
Pa., where he remained until December, 1904. Received an
appointment with the Isthmian Canal Commission in March,
1905, arriving on the Isthmus April 7, 1905, where his services
have been continuous, as.follows: Thirteen months, General
Foreman, Building and Construction Department, Gorgona;
nineteen months, General Foreman, Municipal Engineering
Department, Camacho Dam; twelve months, General Foreman,
in charge French Scrap, Material and Supplies Department,
Colon to Panama; twenty-three months, Receiving and For-
warding Agent, Cristobal and 'Colon Docks, Quartermaster's
,Department; twelve months, Inspector of Material, Quarter-
master's Department (present position). Each of the transfers
on the Isthmus has been at the request of the Department to
which he transferred.
GEORGE A. BARTE was born in Wheeling, West Virginia,
November 27, 1863, of German parentage; received his education
in the public schools, being one of nine children; he went to work
early in life and attended night school, and later on a business
course was taken; in 1889 he went into the general contracting
business in Dayton, Ohio, the firm being known as Barte& Weber;
after several years the partnership was dissolved and he then
continued this work alone. He married Helen L. Billet, of Day-
ton. Becoming interested in ship canals, he decided to take part
in the construction of the Panama Canal and arrived on the Isth-
mus, September 19,1905. His first eight months' service was with
the Building Construction Department; then two years with
the Sanitary Department in Colon, Cristobal, and Gatun; one
year with the Engineering Department, Atlantic Division; and
since August 10, 1909, with the Lock and Dam Department at
Gatun. Mr. Barte's family has been with him since July, 1906.
JOHN KIRKMAN BAXTER was born at Nashville, Ten-
nessee, June 4, 1882; his early childhood was passed at Knox-
ville, Tenn., where his father was engaged in the practice of law;
in 1893, he accompanied his parents to Europe, and remained for
five years (1893-98) at Dresden, Saxony, and for one year (1898-
99) at Paris, France; in the fall of 1899, he entered Harvard
College and graduated with the degree of A. B. in 1903; from
July, 1903, until August, 1905, he was employed by the United
States Civil Service Commission as clerk-examiner; in August,
1905, he was transferred to the position of Secretary, Isthmian
Civil Service Board, under the Isthmian Canal Commission,
which he still holds. Shortly after his arrival on the Isthmus, he
was appointed Chief of the Correspondence Division in the office
of the Governor of the Canal Zone; he was promoted, January
1, 1907, to the position of Chief Clerk of the Department of Law
and Government; in July, 1908, he was transferred to the posi-
tion of Assistant Chief Clerk in the office of the Chairman. He
was married December 18, 1907, to Anita M. K. Holt, of Stock-
holm, Sweden, at that time a nurse at Ancon Hospital. He is a
member of the University Club, Panama; the Harvard Club,
New York City; and the University Club, Washington, D. C.
He was Chairman of the Organization Committee, Society of the
Chagres, and is a member of the present Executive Committee.
WILLIAM 0. BECKEL, Conductor, Panama Railroad Com-
pany, was born in Terre Haute, Vigo County, Indiana, September
15, 1871; he is of German descent, his parents having emigrated
to America from Germany in the early Fifties; when a boy, his
parents moved to a farm adjoining Terre Haute, where he re-
ceived his early training in farming and stock-raising; he attended
the public schools and business college; at the age of 21 he left
the farm and traveled through the western States, following vari-
ous occupations, which included braking for the Northern Pacific
Railroad out of Billings, Mont., and mining in Butte, Mont.,
and Cripple Creek, Colo., from which place he came to the
Canal Zone in the spring of 1905, locating in Culebra as Con-
ductor for the Isthmian Canal Commission. He was transferred
in September, 1906, to his present position as Conductor with the
Panama Railroad. Mr. Beckel is married and has one child.
SHERMAN A. BENNINGER was born in Susquehanna
County, Pennsylvania, March 1, 1865; common-school educa-
tion; taught school, 1883 and 1884; married in 1885 to Miss
Vannie, second daughter of Sergt. M. H. Van Scoten, Company
H., 4 P. R. V; was a quarry foreman for a number of years previ-
ous to his arrival on the Zone in March, 1905, since which time,
with the exception of the first six months, he has been Yard Fore-
man at Empire Shops. He served one term as Chancellor Com-
mander of Empire Lodge No. 2, K. of P., and two years as
Treasurer of Empire Company No. 2, Uniform Rank K. of P.
Has five children.
ALBERT BERGER was born March 10, 1853; both of his par-
ents died before he reached his seventh year; lived with a relative
about three years and spent three years in an orphan asylum;
was apprenticed to a master joiner at the age of thirteen and
graduated at the work bench four years later; emigrated to the
United States and arrived at New York, Castle Garden, April 2,
1872; married at Cincinnati, Ohio, August 16, 1875, and worked
as journeyman carpenter the greater part of his time; received
appointment as Carpenter in the Engineering Department of the
I. C. C. on September 28, 1905, and arrived on the Isthmus and
Culebra, October 14, 1905, where at present he still follows the
honorable calling of a "Knight of the Jackplane," as Quarter-
RALPH WILLIAM BERGIN, Receiving and Forwarding
Agent at Colon for the Panama Railroad and Steamship Line,
was born, December 31, 1861, on a farm in Larue County, Ken-
tucky, about two miles east of the village of Upton, Hardin Coun-
ty, which is located on the main line of the Louisville & Nashville
Railway, to which place the family moved about the close of the
Civil War, leaving the farm to engage in business; his boyhood
was passed in the town of Upton where his education was ob-
tained in the public and subscription schools such as prevailed
at that time, and at the age of nineteen he entered as a "cub" at
the railroad station to learn the business of telegraphy and all
that pertained to conducting the station agency of a railroad, from
which he graduated, qualified to handle efficiently the duties of
a station agent and telegraph operator, and entered the regular
service of the Louisville & Nashville Railway in that line of work
in 1881; he filled various positions on the First Division of that
road under the supervision of Mr. J. G. Metcalfe, superintendent
and later general manager, and Mr. Geo. E. Evans, who succeeded
the former in these positions and who is now Fourth Vice-Presi-
dent of the company, having been promoted to positions of
greater importance from time to time until February, 1888, when
he resigned to accept a position with the Panama Railroad Com-
pany, and has been in continuous service with that Company on
the Isthmus of Panama since March 1, 1888, making him, with
one or two exceptions, the oldest employee in continuous service
now on the Isthmus; he has filled successfully the positions of
Train Dispatcher, Chief Train Dispatcher, Train Master, Master
of Transportation, Assistant Superintendent, and his present posi-
tion of Receiving and Forwarding Agent in charge of all through
and local freight, passenger, and express business, of both the rail-
road and steamship line. He was married in 1890 to Miss Lottie
Combs, of Bullitt County, Ky., who shared with him the
trials and tribulations of existence on the Isthmus in the days
before it was converted into such a pleasant place of abode as it
is at present, and contributed no little to make it possible for him
to fight the battle and win out. He had a prophetic vision from
the first that the Panama Canal should and would be brought to
a completion by the United States as a government proposition
and always advocated that this should be done in preference to
the Nicaragua route, and it is a source of much gratification to
him that this is now being accomplished, and of pride that he has
had a hand in it, not only in the making but in the forming as well.
EDWARD P. BEVERLY, physician, born at Broad Run
Fauquier County, Virginia, July 22, 1875; early education, pri-
vately tutored at home; collegiate education, Virginia Polytech-
nic Institute, 1891-1892 and 1893; in drug business 1894, 1895,
1896, and 1897; graduated in medicine and pharmacy, class of
1900, University of the South; registered pharmacist, Wash-
ington, D. C., 1897; practiced medicine, Nashville, Tenn., part
of 1900; 1901 to 1903, inclusive, practiced medicine, Woodlawn,
Tenn.; post-graduate work in New York part of 1903 and 1904.
Entered Isthmian Service, July 13, 1904; served at Ancon Hos-
pital from July, 1904, to August, 1905. Married Miss Vesta
Crowe, of Nova Scotia, June 6, 1905. Served at Colon Hospital
from August, 1905, to September, 1907; District Physician,
Cristobal, 1907 to July, 1911. Since July, 1911, Chief of Medical
Clinic, Colon Hospital.
WILLIAM BODETTE, born in Toledo, Ohio, February 29,
1860; his father was of old French stock born at Manhattan,
Ohio, in 1824; his mother, Mary A. Baker, came from Germany
with her parents to America in 1837 and located on a farm in
Wood County, Ohio; his father was a ship carpenter, but moved
to a farm in Ottawa County, Ohio, in 1862, where he lived until
his death in 1907. His mother is still living and in excellent health
for one of her age. He was married in 1889 to the daughter of
George Eyre, his classmate at school. His wife's parents came
from England and settled in Cleveland, Ohio, in the early Thirties.
Her father was a millwright but moved to a farm in Ottawa
County, Ohio. He was living a retired life when he died in 1905;
his wife died three years later. William Bodette lived with his
parents until fifteen years old and then started out to earn his
way through the world; secured a position as chore boy and light
farming at ten dollars per month; stayed there four years but
received fifteen dollars per month after the first year. His em-
ployer had a country store but failed, whereby Mr. Bodette lost
$350 of his savings, which he had entrusted to his keeping. His
next position was in a wooden-bowl factory at $20 per month. Af-
ter putting in one year at this he went to Muskegon, Mich., and
worked in a saw mill at $1.75 per day but was raised to $2.00 per
day in a short time. His next adventure was in going to Dakota
Territory in 1882 and taking up a homestead; he did not like the
cold winters there and commuted his homstead to preemption
the following year and came to Chicago, Ill.; secured position with
Mr. H. T. Stock, who was the first inventor of steam shovels in
the United States, and at that time was operating a sand and
gravel business in Chicago, Ill. He gave Mr. Bodette work
around the office at $40 per month. Mr. Bodette attended the
telegraph school at night but gave up this because he thought the
responsibility of telegraph operator too great for the salary paid.
Mr. Stock put Mr. Bodette firing on a dredge later on at $1.00
per day and board; after firing a year he was promoted to engineer
at $75 a month and board. Upon completion of the work he
secured position as craneman on steam shovel for Knickerbocker
Ice Company, Chicago, Ill., in 1885, at $75 per month; resigned
late in 1887 and then secured position as steam-shovel engineer
with the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Railroad early in 1888
at $100 per month, running the first big steam shovel at Ash-
tabula Harbor, Ohio, built by the Bucyrus Co., a 60-ton machine,
then called the Thompson steam shovel. Mr. Bodette was put
to a heavy test of his ability on this work as the Lake Shore &
Michigan Southern Railroad were paying $2,000 extra for this
machine if it successfully did this work, which required many
changes that were finally carried out at the expense of the Bucy-
rus Company. During this test the Bucyrus Company had Mr.
Bodette removed from the machine for thirty days and the
Bucyrus Company sent their expert steam-shovel engineer and
craneman to take charge of and operate the shovel during this
time with the expectation of doing as much work as Mr. Bodette
had done and without being subjected to make the changes as
suggested by Mr. Bodette. The experiment proved a failure for
the Bucyrus Company and the manager of the Bucyrus Company,
Mr. Crittaden, came personally to Mr. Bodette and went over the
machine and had all the changes made, the result of which proved
satisfactory to all, and the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern
purchased many of their machines. This was the stepping-stone
for Mr. Bodette as a steam-shovel engineer, as he worked con-
tinuously for this company until the completion of double track
and change of grade in 1893. He secured a position on the
Chicago Drainage Canal soon after this at $100 per month;
resigned on account of not being paid overtime; was gone only
a short time when he returned to the same place at $100 and over-
time; resigned again and secured another position at $125 per
month, one of the first to receive this salary; resigned this posi-
tion and secured another at $125 per month and overtime; re-
signed this position late in 1896; worked for Bucyrus Company,
but as this company was in the hands of receiver and business was
dull, he resigned early in 1897. Was engaged later by the Pacific
Bridge Company of Portland, Oregon, to take a second-hand
shovel from Chicago to Manorshire Point, Wash., on some United
States Government work there at salary of $125 and overtime;
resigned early in 1898 to engage with a company in contracting
work, but on account of not being able to secure good prices for
work the company closed up business at a loss. Mr. Bodette
still had his health and ability left, which he has since used to
good advantage and has had work continuously at salaries from
$125 to $150 per month up to December, 1904, when by special
appointment he came to Panama for the Isthmian Canal Com-
mission at salary of $190 per month and $1.00 per thousand yards
extra for over 25,000 yards per month was tendered him. This
latter clause was superseded in January, 1905 by raising his
salary to $210 per month, nothing extra for yardage. He has a
continuous, excellent service record, covering over seven years
at this writing at a present salary of $239.40 per month.
RUFUS K. BOOTH, born in Paterson, New Jersey, August
5, 1878; was educated at Keystone Academy and Brooklyn
Polytechnic; in 1896 joined an expedition to Cuba and served as
lieutenant with the insurgents until disabled, which was shortly
before war was declared between the United States and Spain;
later resigned commission in Cuban Army and entered the service
of the United States Army; was a member of Troop C, United
States Cavalry, assigned to special detached service until mus-
tered out under General Order No. 40, shortly after peace was
declared; was connected with the Spanish Claims Commission
and the Engineering Department of Havana under Col. Wm. C.
Black, Chief Engineer, and continued in same department after
the island had been turned over to Cuba and until the resignation
of the Secretary of Public Works in 1903. Traveled in Brazil,
Chile, Peru, and other Central and South American countries,
until May, 1905, from which date to the present time has been
employed by the Isthmian Canal Commission and is now located
in the office of Division Engineer at Empire.
F. M. D. BOTTENFIELD, Decatur, Georgia, was born, No-
vember 9, 1881, in Des Moines, Iowa; he received an academic ed-
ucation at the North Dakota Agricultural College, leaving at the
end of his junior year to enter the Engineering Department of the
University of Minnesota, where he stayed nearly three years;
from September, 1904, to May, 1905, he occupied the position of
surveyor for an American land company near Caibarien, Cuba;
his appointment as Rodman for the I. C. C. dates May 24, 1905;
his first two years on the Isthmus were spent in a tent in the
jungle on the Canal Zone boundary survey and topographical
work. In 1907, he was assigned to the survey party on the Gatun
Dam. He is now General Foreman in charge of the dry fill in
the east valley of Gatun Dam.
HARRY E. BOVAY, Chief Clerk, Department of Sanitation,
was born at Belleville, Ontario, April 14, 1882; during the same
year his family moved to Chippewa Lake, Mich., which place has
since been his home; he was educated in the public schools and
at Ferris Institute, Big Rapids, Mich., receiving a normal and
business-college education; taught in the public schools four years
and was employed in a commercial house in Chicago, Ill., before
entering the service of the Isthmian Canal Commission on March
RANDALL T. BRADBERRY was born in Allegheny City,
Pennsylvania, November 13, 1870; attended public schools of
Allegheny County, and entered the service of the Pennsylvania
Railroad in 1890, serving in various positions of Transportation
Department until May 3, 1905, when he accepted position of
Yardmaster with Isthmian Canal Commission.
WILLIAM THOMAS BREWER, Night General Foreman at
Gorgona Shop, was born at Pittsboro, North Carolina, October
12, 1859; was educated at Locust Hill Seminary, the night schools
of Raleigh, and at Eastman College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y.; served
as machinist apprentice with the Seaboard Air Line Railroad, at
Raleigh; removed to Savannah, Ga., in 1882, where he was em-
ployed as machinist and general foreman by the Plant System of
Railways for ten years; worked as machinist and foreman for the
Missouri Pacific, the Mexican Central, and a number of small
railroads until he came to the Isthmus, June 6, 1901, and was
employed as machinist by the Panama Railroad until November
1, of the same year, when he was made General Foreman of the
Locomotive Department; was transferred to Gorgona Shops,
May 20, 1911.
GEORGE THOMAS BUCHAN was born in Henderson,
North Carolina, July 23, 1883; educated in private schools in
Henderson, N. C., Trinity College, Durham, N. C., and Agri-
cultural and Mechanical College, Raleigh, N. C. Fireman on
Erie Railroad, Jersey City, N. J.; employed by O'Rourke En-
gineering and Construction Company, New York City; entered
service of I. C. C., December 20, 1904; arrived on Isthmus via
steamer City of Washington, December 27, 1904; now Steam-
shovel Engineer, stationed at Ancon, C. Z.
JOHN BURKE was born in Ashland, Pennsylvania, on Sep-
tember 15, 1866; his parents moved to Indiana when he was one
year old, and he grew to manhood in that State; he entered the
service of the Terre Haute and Indianapolis Railroad in 1882 as
an office boy in the office of the station agent at Knightsville,
Ind., and a year later entered the service of the Indianapolis
Railway in the transportation department, where he remained
until 1896, when he took a position with the receiver of the Louis-
ville, Evansville & St. Louis Consolidated Railroad; he served
with this company and its purchaser, the Southern Railway,
until 1901, first as general storekeeper, and later as master me-
chanic at Princeton, Ind., and Louisville, Ky.; in 1901, he entered
the service of the Rock Island Railroad as general storekeeper,
and remained with that company until he came to the Isthmus of
Panama in February, 1905, serving under an appointment as
Traveling Inspector of Material and Supplies. He was assigned
as a member of the Board of Appraisers, whose duty it was to
survey and appraise the material left over on the Isthmus by the
old French Company; after a month's preliminary work, it was
decided that it was not practicable to make this survey, and he
was assigned to the position of Storekeeper on the Atlantic side,
the duties of which embraced the receipt and distribution of all
material received on that side of the Isthmus for the Isthmian
Canal Commission; he remained in this position until August,
1905, when he was appointed Assistant to the Chief of Material
and Supplies, and in December of the same year, he was put in
charge of the establishment of the General Stores at Mount Hope,
where he remained until April 29, 1907, when he was appointed
Manager of the Commissary Department of the Panama Railroad
Company, which position he fills at this time.
H. H. BUSHNELL was born at Peoria, Illinois, on July 3,
1878; in 1880 moved to Glenwood, Iowa, where he attended the
public schools; entered the service of the Burlington & Missouri
River Railroad Company, as brakeman, in July, 1898, at Lincoln,
Neb.; in 1899 transferred to Sheridan, Wyo., with the same com-
pany; remained with them until 1905 when he came to the Isth-
mus as Conductor for the Isthmian Canal Commission. Sailed
for the Isthmus from New Orleans in July, 1905; transferred
from the Isthmian Canal Commission to the Panama Railroad
Company as Conductor and has been with the latter Company
CHARLES MILTON BUTTERS was born in Somerville,
Massachusetts, September 10, 1877. He was graduated from the
Somerville grammar and high schools, entering the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology in 1897, taking a course in civil engineer-
ing; in 1901, he was employed by the Metropolitan Sewerage
Board of Boston, for two years in the construction of the high-
level sewer; at the completion of that work, he was transferred
to the Metropolitan Water Board at Clinton, working for a year
on the construction of the Clinton reservoir, the present water
supply of Boston. He was employed by the Isthmian Canal
Commission, July 19, 1904; arriving on the Isthmus, July 26,
he was assigned to the Municipal Engineering Department at
Cristobal; in 1908, he transferred to the Atlantic Division, where
he is at present employed.
B. W. CALDWELL, born at Effingham, Illinois, Febru-
ary 20, 1875; was educated in the public schools of Effingham;
graduated from Austin College, 1894; entered Barnes Medical
College, 1894, and graduated in 1898; served with the Second
Division Hospital Corps during the Spanish-American War; from
1900 until 1902 he was a member of the Medical Board of
Pension Examiners, and from 1904 until his appointment in the
Isthmian Canal Service he was a member and Secretary of the
Board of Medical Examiners in Oklahama; was in private
practice in Illinois and Oklahama until 1905, when appointed
through the Civil Service Commission to the position of Physi-
cian with the Isthmian Canal Commission. Arrived on the
Isthmus and reported for duty on October 14, 1905, and on
October 17 was assigned as District Physician at Bas Obispo,
which position he occupied until January 1, 1911, when he was
appointed Superintendent of Santo Tomas Hospital.
MATTHEW D. CANTWELL, Steam-shovel Craneman, was
born on a farm in.Kings County, Ireland, September 19, 1869,
where he spent his boyhood days, afterwards leaving for the
northwest of America, making his home at Duluth, Minn; he
worked at construction work, railroad bridge building, structural
steel and iron work, etc. In March, 1905, he took a civil-service
examination for first-class railroad bridge builder for service on
the Canal Zone, Isthmus of Panama, and was appointed April
28, arriving on the Isthmus May 5, 1905, when he was detailed
for carpenter work on the old Administration Building, Panama;
he was transferred to Culebra, November 20, 1905, to work on
construction of new Administration Building and erection of
Lirio Planing Mill; transferred to Excavation Department Janu-
ary 16, 1908.
MARCY HOWELL CARPENTER was born, March 5, 1873,
in Baldwin County, Alabama; reared and educated by private
teacher at Carpenter's Station (near Mobile) on Louisville &
Nashville Railroad; without college education he had the ad-
vantage of educated association and training, and at the age of
15 started out, the architect of his own fortune; was for four
years engaged in learning sawmilling and railroading alternately,
mastering the details of construction and management; was
married at 19 years, and settled near Mobile, and for five years
was exclusively engaged in the lumber business as inspector, and
in the general outside management of the largest mills; in 1897
he returned to his home at Carpenter's, and there began the
manufacture of turpentine and rosin with success; at the end of
four years built and operated a mill for the manufacture of lum-
ber and timber; during this time he held various local political
positions, and was postmaster by appointment from Postmaster-
General Jas. A. Gary; in 1903, withdrew from the mill business
at Carpenter's and moved to the finely timbered region of South
Missippippi, and there, associated with others, operated a mill
for about one year; in 1904, selling out that mill, engaged with
large lumber manufacturers as foreman and manager in the vari-
ous departments of the lumber business from forest to consumer,
and was considered a very practical and able mill man by his
acquaintances in both States. He resigned this position to accept
an appointment from Washington in July, 1905, as lumber in-
spector for the Isthmian Canal Commission, and has served in
that capacity continuously from that date under E. C. Tobey
and W. G. Tubby in the Division of Material and Supplies, and
under Capt. Courtland Nixon, U. S. A., Quartermaster's Depart-
LON NEIGHTON CARROLL was born, June 15, 1861, in
Peoria, Illinois; educated in the common schools; entered the
service of Western Union Telegraph Company in the construc-
tion department, where he had varied experience, and constructed
lines in many States of the Union. He entered the service of the
Panama Railroad in 1905 as General Foreman of the Telephone
and Telegraph Department, and later was transferred to the
Panama Railroad relocation, in train service.
W. C. CHESTER, Locomotive Engineer, was born August 6,
1874, in Tunnel Hill, Georgia; was educated in the public schools;
promoted from locomotive fireman to engineman in 1892; he
came to Central America in 1894, and was with the Guatemala
Central Railroad until 1900; he then came to the Isthmus of
Panama, and has been with the Panama Railroad since June,
THOMAS H. CLARK was born at Jackson, Tennessee, Oc-
tober 17, 1858, and was educated in the West Tennessee College,
Jackson, Tenn; from 1876 to 1880 he was employed as book-
keeper by commercial firms; from 1880 to 1884 held various
clerical positions with the Illinois Central Railroad; from 1884 to
1888 was in the employ of the Cotton Belt Railroad, Cairo, Ill.,
in charge of handling cotton and other freight, during which
time he was appointed freight agent at Brinkley, Ark.; from
1888 to 1895 employed in the general ticket and baggage
department of the Panama Railroad Company at Colon, Panama,
and from 1895 to the present time has been Superintendent of
Wharves for the same company at Panama and Balboa.
JOHN WILLIAM CLEARY, of Baltimore City, Maryland,
was born in Baltimore in the year 1866; was educated in the
public schools, and at the age of twelve years his father was killed,
which compelled him to leave school; he then went to work in
order to support his mother; he entered the railroad service
at the age of fifteen in the shops, was promoted to fireman, and
after serving five years was promoted to engineer, which occu-
pation he is following at che present time. He was married at
the age of twenty, and raised a family of two boys, J. R. and W. E.
Cleary. His elder son, J. R. Cleary, was killed at Gorgona in
the performance of his duty.
CHARLES C. CLEMENT, born in Winona, Minnesota,
May 9, 1876; was educated in the public schools, and later
studied steam and hydraulic engineering through a corre-
spondence school; he worked in the engine rooms on river boats
during vacations and received United States marine engineer's
license in 1895, and Minnesota State stationary and marine
license in 1896; he also received a pilot's license between La
Crosse, Wis., and Stillwater, Minn.; went to Venezuela in 1896,
prospecting, returning to the United States in February, 1898;
he was a member of Company C, Twelfth Minnesota Volunteer
Infantry, during 1898; in 1899, he went to Wyoming, where he
was employed in erecting a concentrator, and afterward put in
pumps and air compressors, and piped the Kurtz-Chatterton
Mine by contract; he went to California in 1900, where he was
employed as engineer and foreman in a fruit-packing house,
afterward taking contracts to put in pumping plants for irri-
gation, and changing boilers from coal and wood burners to oil
burners; in 1903, went to work for the Southern Pacific Com-
pany in Arizona; put down wells, installed pumps, and installed
part of the Southern Pacific Company's wacer system at Yuma,
Ariz. Came to the Isthmus as Foreman in the Air and Water
Service Department of the Central Division, in July, 1905, where
he has been since.
JOSEPH A. CLOSE, born in New York City, February 25,
1878; went through grammar and high schools at Stamford,
Conn., and graduated from Columbia University with degree
of C. E. in 1902; was employed by United States Geological
Survey as field assistant in charge of secondary triangulation
party in the States of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania,
West Virgina, and Ohio, during field seasons of 1903 and 1904,
covering over two thousand square miles of country, and during
the winter months by the City of New York in estimating dam-
ages due to opening and widening streets in Greater New York;
spent one year as assistant city engineer at Stamford, Conn.,
being engaged principally on sewer construction and pile foun-
dation work. Employed by Isthmian Canal Commission on
October 3, 1905; spent first year as principal Hydrographer,
in charge of'estimating water and sediment discharge of the
Chagres River; was transferred to Panama Railroad as Topog-
rapher, Transitman, and Acting Assistant Engineer on relocation
of Panama Railroad from Bas Obispo to Bohio; retransferred
to Isthmian Canal Commission and was engaged in investiga-
tion of foundations of Sosa Corozal and La Boca Dams in
charge of field work; and later in charge of model dams at
Gatun; spent short time investigating water and sediment dis-
charge of Mindi River and French Canal at Mindi and later
built Gridiron at Balboa and dug Corundu River Diversion
Channels, draining swamp between Ancon, Balboa, and Corozal.
At present living at Balboa, Canal Zone, and employed in Pacific
E. H. COLIP was born, June 17, 1860, on a farm seven miles
north of the city of Indianapolis, Marion County, Indiana; when
one year old, his parents moved west, locating on a farm in
Louisa County, Iowa; he received a common-school education;
was married to Frances M. Culbertson, daughter of Alex. Cul-
bertson, Broad Ripple, Marion County, Ind., in October, 1881;
lived on and managed his father's farm for four years, and in
September, .1885, he left the farm and took service with the
Indianapolis Union Railway at Indianapolis; four years later he
went with the Big Four Railway; after eleven years' service, went
to Arizona with the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad, where
he remained a short time, going into California. After working
for various corporations in different capacities and in several
States, he again entered the service of the Atchison, Topeka &
Santa Fe Railroad, where he remained until 1905. In August,
1905, he started for the Isthmus, remaining in New York under
half-pay, and arriving on the Isthmus, September 31, 1905. One
year later he was transferred to the Panama Railroad.
NEIL CONNORS was born in Brashier, New York, Novem-
ber 20, 1863; removed to Minneapolis, Minn., in 1871; was edu-
cated in Minneapolis schools; was promoted to locomotive en-
gineer on the Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railroad
in 1887; served in that capacity on different roads in the States,
Mexico, Central America, and Cuba. Came to the Isthmus of
Panama, November 1, 1905; entered the service of the Panama
Railroad as Locomotive Engineer, November 13, 1905.
MOISE CONRAD, General Foreman, Atlantic Division
was born at East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, June 1,
1881. Parents moved to New Orleans, La., in 1884; educated at
private school until nine years of age, then attended the public
schools of that city until the age of fifteen; began business career
at fifteen as messenger boy for the Illinois Central Railroad Com-
pany at New Orleans, La., remaining with them for five years,
working successively as messenger boy, assistant track foreman,
bridge man, clerk to the supervisor buildings and bridges
and roadmaster's clerk as well as assistant accountant in the lat-
ter office. Resigned voluntarily from the Illinois Central Rail-
road service in the winter of 1902 and entered the service of the
Southern Cotton Oil Company at New Orleans as stenographer;
served in that capacity for nine months and was then promoted
to paymaster as well as being put in charge of the handling of all
their rolling stock; remained with that firm until November,
1905, when he resigned to enter the Isthmian Canal Service, No-
vember 14, 1905. Reported to Mr. J. G. Holcomb at Bas Obispo
on November 21, 1905, being assigned to clerical and stenographic
work, remaining in that office until the division headquarters were
transferred to Cristobal under Division Engineer F. B. Maltby
in the spring of 1906: continued clerical work there for about
three months and was then transferred to the position of Material
Inspector on the same division until the Atlantic Division was
formed in July, 1908; remained with the new division in the
same capacity for about two and one-half years, during which
time he served as Acting Chief Clerk of Division during eighty-
four days' leave granted the then incumbent. On August 1, 1909,
he was transferred to the position of Foreman in charge of all
property on the Gatun Locks work and on September 1, 1909,
he was promoted to the position of General Foreman on the same
work, being put in charge of all material and property on the
work and the handling of all utility gangs and crane work, loading
and unloading material, which position he still occupies. Married
Miss Caro E. Davis, of West Feliciana Parish, La.; son of
George Mather Conrad (C.S.A.) and Mrs. Aline Moise Conrad;
French-English-German extraction; ancestors settled in Virginia
many years before the Revolution.
JOHN CONSTANTINE, Pilot, Panama Railroad Company,
was born at Pireus, Greece, in the year 1849 on the 10th of July;
he received his education at the Academy of Athens, from which
he graduated in June, 1863; immediately after graduation, he
entered the service of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company, re-
maining with them until 1873, when he joined the forces of the
Union Pacific Company, which company he served until 1881;
form 1882 until 1887 he served under Count Ferdinand de Les-
seps, in the Canal Oceanic, as captain and dredgeman, leaving
that same year to return to the employment of the Pacific Mail
Steamship Company, as stevedore at La Boca. He left their
service in March, 1905, to enter the service of the Isthmian Canal
Commission, as Master of the craneboat La Valley until Febru-
ary 14, 1906, when he was transferred to the Panama Railroad
Company as Captain and Pilot, which position he still holds.
THOMAS M. COOKE was born in Ashtabula County, Ohio,
June 4, 1864, and moved to Greenville, Mercer County, Pa., when
a child; he attended the common schools and later was graduated
from Theil College. In the spring of 1883 he took up his residence
in Lincoln, Neb., where he read law for two years and, in the fall
of 1885, was admitted to practice. Mr. Cooke identified himself
with the politics of his adopted State, and in 1887 was elected
assistant chief clerk of the House of Representatives at Lincoln
and at the same time selected as secretary of the Republican State
Central Committee, both of which positions he held for a number
of years. In 1890 he had charge of the United States Census for
the First Congressional District of Nebraska; at the close of the
Spanish-American war, he was sent to Porto Rico to inaugurate
the United States Customs service, acting as special deputy col-
lector of customs under the military organization. He remained
in the customs service until 1903 when he was made chief of the
bureau of docks and harbors under the Island Government. In
July, 1904 he was cabled to proceed to the Canal Zone to report
to General Davis as Collector of Customs. Subsequent legisla-
tion created the Department of Revenues, which includes customs
post-offices, internal revenue, and the collection of the general
Zone revenues. In addition to these duties, Mr. Cooke, by an
act of the Canal Commission, was designated Administrator of
Estates of Employees of the Isthmian Canal Commission and the
Panama Railroad Company. In 1905 he organized the school
system in the Canal Zone, and continued in charge, as Supervisor
of Public Instruction, until the spring of 1906, when the work was
transferred to the Division of Schools. In the early years of canal
work he acted as Prosecuting Attorney during the absence of the
regular official, and he has, at different times, served on many
committees of responsibility, and at present is" Chairman of the
Committee on Townsites. He was married on June 12, 1909, to
Miss Grace Frampton, of Transfer, Mercer County, Pa. His
residence since his arrival on the Isthmus has been at Ancon.
FRANK L. CORNISH was born in Oswego, New York,
September 7, 1865; received a public school education, also took
a special course in mechanical and steam engineering. Served
an enlistment in the Sixth United States Cavalry and received
an honorable discharge; was employed in the United States Navy
Yards at Portsmouth, N. H., in the department of engineering
and construction for six years, and served under Major Slaker as
turbine engineer during the maneuvers at Portland Harbor Forti-
fications in 1904. Resigned from the Navy Yards, March 16,
1905, to accept a position with the Isthmian Canal Commission,
arriving on the Isthmus March 28, 1905. Was assigned to what
was then the Water Works Department under L. G. Thom; in-
stalled the greater part of the water system at Gorgona, Camp
Elliott, and Bas Obispo. In June, 1905, passed through a siege
of yellow fever at Ancon Hospital; after his recovery was trans-
fered to the Mechancial Division; assisted in putting up the air
compressor at Rio Grande and the first three hundred Western
dump cars at Cristobal, and later was appointed as Superintend-
ent of the Dry Dock and Marine Shops at Cristobal, which posi-
tion he held for about three years. At present is Locomotive
Engineer at Gatun in the Atlantic Division.
ALBERT E. CORNWELL was born in Meriden, Connecticut,
September 5, 1878; graduated from the local high school in 1896;
enlisted as private soldier in 1899 and served in the Phillipine.
Islands as corporal in Company E, Forty-third Regiment of
United States Volunteers; returned to the United States in 1901.
On April 21, 1905 was appointed as clerk by the Isthmian Canal
Commission and arrived on the Isthmus, April 29, 1905, where
he has been since employed. He is a member of the Masonic
fraternity, having been made a Master Mason in Center Lodge
No. 97, of Meriden, Conn.
ARTHUR E. COTTON, Clerk, Atlantic Division, born in
Luton, England, May 16, 1881; landed in New York on May 21,
1886; attended the public schools of New York and Massachu-
setts until 1895; worked in retail stores in vicinity of Boston from
1895 to 1905; was naturalized in Chelsea, Mass., in 1903, and is a
voter in Revere, Mass. Entered the Isthmian Canal service, July
15, 1905, in the Building Construction Department, until
August, 1908, when transferred to the Atlantic Division under
Lieut.-Col. W. L. Sibert at Gatun.
CHARLES P. CRAFTS, born, October 15, 1856, at Whately,
Massachusetts; moved with his parents, in December, 1866, to
Tuscola, Ill.; attended public school until 1871; worked on a
farm five years, then farmed for himself on a rented farm until
1882, when he moved with his outfit to Seward County, Neb.,
where he farmed for five years; December 16, 1882, he was mar-
ried to Ida M. Young; in 1887 he returned to Tuscola, Ill., and
ran a market garden until March, 1889, when he went to work for
Swift & Co., at Greenfield Mass.; worked for Swift & Co., in
several icing plants in New England towns, for one year, then
returned to Tuscola, where he clerked in a grocery, and later
drove a rural mail route, and clerked in the post-office. He was
employed by Mr. W. E. Price, county surveyor and drainage en-
gineer, as assistant and draftsman, until February, 1905, when
he entered the employ of the Isthmian Canal Commission, as
Rodman. In July, of that year he was transferred to the Sanitary
Department, as Sanitary Inspector. Since he entered the Sani-
tary Department he has done most of the engineering work of the
department on the entire Zone. He has a wife and six sons and
two daughters, all of whom are on the Isthmus, except one son;
three sons and a son-in-law are employed on the Isthmus; two
sons and one daughter attend the Ancon School; his hobby is
collecting, and he has quite a large collection of insects and
orchids, of the native species.
SILAS DAVIDSON was born in New York City, New York,
December 22, 1874; upon graduating from Grammar School No.
43 (Amsterdam Avenue and 129th Street, N. Y.), at the age of
thirteen years, he took private tuition in stenography and type-
writing, serving as stenographer and secretary in various com-
mercial houses and law firms, and reporting court proceedings,
lectures and plays, in New York City, for about twelve years;
in 1899, served in the reporter's office of the United States Sen-
ate, Washington, D. C., during the late President McKinley's
last term; then joined the organization in the construction of the
Guayaquil & Quito Railway Company, in Ecuador, returning to
New York in 1903; on June 28, 1904, sailed from New York to
the Isthmus of Panama, under appointment as stenographer in
the Executive Office of the Isthmian Canal Commission; on
December 2, 1904, appointed Private Secretary to Maj.-Gen.
Geo. W. Davis, U. S. A., retired, Governor of the Canal Zone;
since the Governor's departure from the Isthmus, remained in the
Executive Office until March 4, 1907, then transferred to the
office of Mr. D. W. Bolich, Division Engineer of the Culebra Divi-
sion, at Empire; upon Mr. Bolich's resignation, in 1908, trans-
ferred to the Police Department, at Ancon, and after serving in
that department for about one year, transferred (August, 1909)
to the Panama Railroad Company, at Colon, where at present
J. C. DE LA VERGNE, born in New York City, New York;
entered the Isthmian Canal Commission service as Rodman II;
occupied the positions of Rodman II, Levelman I. Levelman II
in survey party from February 15, 1905, to October 19, 1908;
Transitman in charge of compression and anchorage tests, Gatun
Locks, from October 13, 1908, to June 8, 1909; Drill Foreman,
Powder Foreman, General Foreman of Mining, Gatun Locks,
from June 8, 1909, to January 24, 1911; Supervisor of Excava-
tion, Gatun Locks, from January 24, 1911, to present time.
ANDREW W. DEWLING, of Baltimore, Maryland, born
October 29, 1880; educated in public schools and Baltimore City
College; entered government service in the United States, Au-
gust, 1899, transferring to the Isthmian branch of the service,
October 16, 1905.
VESPER CLAUDE DILLON, of Indiahoma, Oklahoma, was
orn in Pike County, Indiana, July 22, 1876; when he was one
year old his parents moved to Western Kansas and for the next
sixteen years moved at irregular intervals from one new settle-
ment to another in Kansas, Colorado, and Oklahoma, where he
was educated in the canvas, sod, and log school-houses of that
time; worked his way through one year at the University of
Oklahoma; farmed, taught school, and clerked in a store and post-
office; spent one year in Chicago employed as bookkeeper; re-
turned to Oklahoma in 1901; took a government homestead in
the Comanche Indian Reservation and engaged in farming and
stock raising; appointed to a position on the Isthmus in 1905,
arrived at Colon on the steamship Finance, September 5; was
with the Division of Material and Supplies at Cristobal for three
years, then with the Quartermaster's Department at Culebra and
Gorgona, and at present is Assistant Quartermaster's Storekeeper
GAVIN DOUGLAS, born, Bothwell, Scotland, November 9,
1882; emigrated to United States, May, 1892; received common-
school education at Cincinnati, Ohio; appointed clerk with the
Isthmian Canal Commission, August 8,1905.
J. P. DOVELL, born at Shenandoah, Virginia; educated in the
public schools of Virginia; learned the machinist trade in Chicago,
Ill.; erected and operated gold mining machinery at Walnut
Grove, Ariz.; visited places of interest on the Pacific Coast from
Seattle, Wash., to San Diego, Cal.; worked as machinist or gang
foreman at the following places: Newport News Ship Building
and Dry Dock Co., Newport News, Va.; Wm. Cramp & Sons,
Philadelphia, Pa.; Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Baltimore, Md.;
Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad, Clifton Forge, Va.; McLean Iron
Works, New Orleans, La.; Western Electric Co., Chicago, Ill.;
Maryland Steel Co., Sparrows Point, Md. Entered the service
of the Isthmian Canal Commission February 7, 1905, at 45 cents
per hour; resigned in May, 1905; reentered the service, Novem-
ber 6, 1905, at 65 cents; promoted, June 1, 1907, to Round House
Foreman at $200.00 per month; promoted, December 1, 1911, to
Brown Hoist Operator, $200.00 per month; promoted, July 1,
1911, $210.00 per month.
JOHN T. DUCKWORTH, Conductor, Panama Railroad
Company, was born at Acton, Indiania, December 27, 1862;
received common-school education at Frankfort, Ind.; left high
school to enter employ of the Frankfort Crescent Publishing Co.,
where he learned the printer's trade; left them to accept a posi-
tion with the Pennsylvania Railroad Company as brakeman in
1880; was in the service of the Wabash Company, the Chicago
& Northwestern, the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, the Denver
and Rio Grande, and the Chicago Southern Railroads, in various
positions of brakeman, yardmaster, and conductor; resigned as
yardmaster for the Chicago Southern Railroad at Majestic, Col.,
in November, 1904, to accept a position with the Isthmian Canal
Commission as Conductor, but did not sail for the Isthmus until
February 14, 1905. In August, 1905, was transferred to the Pana-
ma Railroad Company as Conductor and has been in their employ
C. W. DUEY was born in Fairfield, Adams County, Pennsyl-
vania, in 1876; from the age of six to fourteen he attended the
public schools; at the age of seventeen was an apprentice in the
carpenter trade; on January 3, 1896 he enlisted in the Second
Regiment of United States Infantry, and served with the regi-
ment throughout the Cuban campaign in 1898; landed at Dac-
quiri, June 24; in July was at the taking of Santiago; in August
went to Montauk Point; in September went to Anniston, Ala.,
where he was honorably discharged, January 2, 1899; on April
3 he reenlisted in the Seventh United States Cavalry and was
stationed at Columbus Barracks, Ohio, drilling recruits; later
went to Cuba to join his regiment at Pinar Del Rio; was later
transferred to Havana where he was honorably discharged
April 2, 1902. He was married in Havana on the 9th of April
and lived there, working for the Quartermaster's Department
until May, when he was sent with a pack train to Chickamauga
Park, Ga. After this he worked in Chattanooga at the carpenter
trade until January 25, 1905, with the exception of three
months, when he worked in St. Louis, in 1903, helping to construct
the World's Fair buildings; in January, 1905, he received an
appointment as Carpenter Foreman in the Canal Zone and sailed
from New Orleans, February 1, 1905. After arriving on the Zone
he was assigned to duty in the Administration Building in Pana-
ma. On the 1lth of August, 1906, was in charge of the Ancon
Cabinet Making Shop, where all the coffins for the silver em-
ployees were made; on April 6, 1907, he went on his first vaca-
tion to the United States and on his return to the Isthmus was
transferred to the Atlantic side of the Isthmus. He helped with
the erection of the first houses in Cristobal and the Colon Hos-
pital; on August 10, 1908, was transferred to the Gatun Locks,
where he was in charge of all floor culvert forms; after that work
was completed, on September 11, 1911, he was transferred to the
First Division, setting up the operating machinery.
WILLIAM EDGAR DUNNING, of New York, was born
February 22, 1884, in the city of New York; fitted for college at
Peekskill Military Academy, Peekskill, N. Y.; was graduated
from Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, N. Y., in the class of 1905; was
employed as Architectural Draftsman in the Engineering De part-
ment of the Isthmian Canal Commission on August 8, 1905.
KARL EDHOLM, Carpenter, Johnsonburg, Pennsylvania,
was born in Sweden in 1882; emigrated to the United States at
the age of five years; received his education in the public schools;
served his time as carpenter under Gust. Sholgren, Ridgway, Pa.;
worked for Hide & Murphy, Ridgway, Pa., Florin & Johnson,
Johnsonburg, Pa.; for the Iron City Planing Mill and Lumber
Company, for two years and eight months. Resigned this posi-
tion on the 9th of March, 1905, to accept a position with the I. C.
C. as Carpenter, and sailed from New York on the Panama Rail-
road steamship Finance on March 14, arriving at Colon the 21st.
He was assigned to the Building Construction Department
at Corozal, and was made Carpenter Foreman on the third day
on the Isthmus, which position he held for three years and eight
months, then was transferred to the Quartermaster's Department
at the same station. On November 28, 1908, he was transferred
to the Atlantic Division, where he performed work assigned to
him at Cristobal Dry Dock and Nombre de Dios; on August 1,
1911, he was made Operator on suction dredge No. 4, which posi-
tion he still retains.
WALTER EMERY, Ancon, Canal Zone, was born, March 25,
1880, in La Crosse, Wisconsin; educated in the public schools
of Dubuque, Iowa, Wilwaukee, Wis., and Memphis, Tenn.;
attended the State Universities of Virginia and of Tennessee;
graduating from the latter in 1903, with the degree of LL. B.;
practiced law in Memphis one year; appointed, and sailed from
New York, July 12, 1904. Has been Chief Clerk, Office of
Director of Hospitals; Chief Clerk, Ancon Hospital; and Cir-
cuit Court Clerk. At present is Clerk of the Supreme Court,
Clerk of the First Circuit Court, and Registrar of the Canal
Zone. Married, December 3, 1908, to Miss Charlotte Purnell.
MAX ENGLANDER was born at Granville, Washington
County, New York State, May 1, 1875; he attended public
school at Granville and Whitehall, N. Y.; commenced work on
Delaware & Hudson Railroad in 1889; served as wiper, hostler,
and locomotive engineer. Entered service of Isthmian Canal
Commission in 1905, as Locomotive Engineer; transferred to
Panama Railroad in 1906. Married Fannie Florence Powel, of
Hudson Falls, N. Y., October 31, 1911. Belongs to B. of L. F.
& E., Masons, Elks, and Odd Fellows.
HELEN G. FAIRBANKS, was born and educated in Wor-
cester County, Massachusetts, and entered for training as a
nurse at Bloomingdale Hospital, Worcester, in 1885; New Eng-
land Hospital, Boston, in 1886; she served as Army Nurse from
August, 1898, to September, 1902, doing duty at Montauk Point,
Long Island, N. Y., Jacksonville, Fla., Savannah, Ga., Cuba, and
the Philippines. Miss Fairbanks left New York for the Isthmus
on July 5, 1905.
HARRY STOCKTON FARISH, born at Rivanna P. O., Albe-
marle County, Virginia, August 14, 1878; boyhood spent mostly
on the farm in Virginia; in 1898 served with Fourth Virginia
Volunteer Infantry; 1899-1905 served in the pay corps, United
States Navy, in various capacities as enlisted man and then pay-
master's clerk; resigned August 22, 1905, and accepted employ-
ment with the Isthmian Canal Commission as Clerk in Local
Auditor's office; appointed Surveying Officer for the Isthmian
Canal Commission, November 23, 1908; appointed Surveying
Officer for the Panama Railroad, September 5, 1910.
ALFRED G. FARMER, was born at Elizabethtown, Hardin
County, Kentucky, June 4, 1877; several years later his
parents removed to Birmingham, Ala., returning to Kentucky
after some years and taking up residence in the city of Louisville;
he received his preparatory education in the public schools of
Birmingham, Ala., and Loiusville, Ky.; after leaving high school
he was connected with the United States Post-Office Department
at Louisville, Ky.; several years after which he studied medicine
and took his degree of M. D. in the Medical Department of the
University of Kentucky, graduating in June, 1904; after a year
of post-graduate work he entered the service of the Sanitary
Department of the Canal Commission and arrived on the Canal
Zone, August 25, 1905, havingbeen in continuous service since that
time, performing duty for a year each in Ancon and Colon Hos-
pitals and afterwards being Physician and District Physician in
various Canal Zone towns and districts. On January 20, 1910,
he was married in Cristobal, Canal Zone, to Miss Minnie L. Cuck-
ler, of Athens, Ohio. Doctor Farmer is a member of the
American Medical Association, the Canal Zone Medical Society,
a fellow of the Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene of
London, England, and a member of the Masonic Fraternity; he
expects to enter the practice of his profession at Athens, Ohio,
after leaving the service of the Canal Commission.
ADOLPHE FAURE was born in New Orleans, Louisiana,
June 20, 1863; was educated in the schools of his native city;
on leaving school was employed in various commercial houses
until 1893, when he entered the service of the Southern Pacific
Company, in the accounting department; was appointed, to a
position with the Isthmian Canal Commission in the then local
auditor's office; arrived on the Isthmus, July 11, 1905, and was
placed in charge of the general books, which position he held until
February 1, 1910, when he was transferred to the office of the
Chief Engineer as Cost Keeping Accountant.
FREDERICK A. FELD was born in Cleveland, Ohio, March
10, 1883; he attended the public schools of that city until the age
of eight years, when, having lost both parents, he was admitted
to the Jewish Orphan Asylum of Cleveland, where he enjoyed the
excellent care and exceptional educational advantages afforded
by that institution, as well as attending, for one year, the public
central high school; having studied stenography for three years
while in the institution he was, upon graduating therefrom at the
age of fourteen years, able to take his place in the business world
as a proficient stenographer; he continued in that work until
July, 1905, when, having passed the Civil Service examination,
he entered the service of the Isthmian Canal Commission on the
Isthmus of Panama, as a clerk in the office of the Governor of the
Canal Zone. In November, 1906, he was designated Chief Time-
keeper, and is now, in 1911, Chief Timekeeper and Clerk in
Charge of Cost Accounts and Property Records of the Depart-
ment of Civil Administration.
MISS LOUISE A. FERBER, born at Boston, Massachu-
setts; attended Boston public schools; member Massachu-
setts State Nurses' Association. Professional training received
in New England Hospital for Women and Children; Training
School for Nurses of Boston, Mass., with post-graduate work in
Woman's Hospital, New York City, Infants' Hospital, Boston,
Mass., Dr. Graham's School, Boston, Mass., Summer Course
Teachers' College, Columbia University, New York City. Has
held positions as superintendent of Fall River Hospital, Fall
River, Mass.; operating-room nurse and assistant superintend-
ent of nurses, West Pennsylvania Hospital, Pittsburg, Pa.;
nurse in Colon Hospital.
FRANK FLOYD, Inspector of Commissaries for the Panama
Railroad Commissary Department, was born in New York City
on December 24, 1848. Came to the Isthmus in July, 1905.
JACOB C. FORMAN, born, October 1,1872, in Harris County,
Texas; his father was a loyal Baptist minister; also a stockman
and farmer. He received a common-school and partial academic
education, and in the summer of 1891, began teaching public
school in his home county, Llano County, Tex., and continued
in this work until the summer of 1894, when he filled various posi-
tions; having gone to commercial college at intervals; married
Miss Adrienne Rogers at her parents' residence in Fort Worth,
Tex., October 18, 1899, and in March, 1901, was appointed to the
government service in Washington, D. C.; from this service he
was transferred to the Isthmian Canal Commission, February
15, 1905, and sailed for the Isthmus from New York, February 21,
1905, with Mr. R. R. West, first Local Auditor for the Isthmian
Canal Commission, as an employee of his office. Mr. West died
of yellow fever, May 6, 1905, leaving practically no organization;
and,until April, 1906; Mr. Forman had no fixed position, but at
this time he was transferred to the Disbursing Office as Book-.
keeper, and in March, 1909, to the office of the Treasurer of
the Canal Zone, where he is now serving in like capacity.
MRS. JULIA M. FROST, nee LAHARGUE, was born in
New Orleans, April 2, 1861; graduated from the New Orleans
high school in 1876; in 1884 was married to Louis Frost, who was
at that time engaged in the construction of a railway in Guate-
mala, and in 1887 removed to Caracas, Venezuela, where they
remained until February, 1905, when they came to the Isthmus.
On the death of Mr. Frost, which took place the following Sep-
tember, Mrs. Frost was appointed Registry Clerk in the Cristobal
Post-Office, which position she still holds.
EDGAR SOLOMON GARRISON was born at Clarence,
Iowa, on January 10, 1873; moved to Denison, Iowa, in March,
1880; was educated in the public schools at the latter place;
graduated from the law department of the State University of
Iowa on June 12, 1895, and became the junior member of the
firm of Garrison & Garrison at Denison, Iowa, which partner-
ship continued until June of the following year when, that part-
nership dissolving, he became the junior member of the firm of
Dewell & Garrison at Missouri Valley, Iowa; was elected clerk
of the district court of Harrison County, Iowa, on the Republican
ticket, and continued to hold that position for three successive
terms, retiring on January 1, 1905; entered the service of the
Isthmian Canal Commission on August 8, 1905, as a Stenographer
in the office of the Master Builder at Panama; on February 1,
1906, was transferred to the office of the Prosecuting Attorney
of the Canal Zone and worked therein until December 1, 1907,
when he was appointed a District Judge of the Canal Zone, at
'Empire by Hon. Jo. C. S. Blackburn, Governor of the Canal
CLAUDE RICHARD GEDDES, Civil Engineer; born at
Bloomsburg, Columbia County, Pennsylvania, September 29,
1879; moved to Williamsport, Lycoming County, Pa., 1887; he
received his education in Williamsport public schools and Lehigh
University; he left the University in 1903, and entered the ser-
vice of United States Geological Survey as rodman; April 4, 1905,
he entered the service of Isthmian Canal Commission as Rodman;
promoted to Levelman I, 1906; to Levelman II, 1906; to Tran-
sitman, 1907; to Instrumentman, 1909; to Junior Engineer, 1910.
He landed on the Isthmus, April 12, 1905; worked in Culebra
three months, then moved to Empire; in August, 1906, he went
to San Pablo with the engineering party on the relocation survey
of new Panama Railroad; on completion of relocation survey in
May, 1907, he entered the service of Panama Railroad Company,
on construction of new Panama Railroad, residing at Bohio; in
September, 1907, he retransferred to Isthmian Canal Commission
and moved to San Pablo; in January, 1908, he transferred to
Gorgona in service of Chagres Division; in October, 1909, he
transferred to Resident Engineer's Office, Empire, where he is
now employed. On October 13, 1908, he married Miss Sarah
Gray, of Elmira, N. Y.
JOHN KERSHAW GIBSON was born on board American
sailing ship Florence, May 21, 1868; he was christened and bap-
tized at San Francisco, California; educated at San Francisco
high school and Seattle University; entered United States Navy
as Cadet, 1884, and served until 1888 on the U. S. S. Mohigan
and Hartford; served as an officer in different grades on American
clipper sailing ships; also officer and master of well-known lines
of steamers both on the Pacific and the Atlantic coasts; was sail-
ing master of American yacht Apache that sailed for the German
Emperor's Cup, May, 1905. He came to the Isthmus of Panama
in August, 1905, for the Isthmian Canal Commission, being the
first American Master at the port of La Boca; saved English
ship Coma that was ashore at La Boca, loaded with lumber for the
I. C. C.; worked in different capacities with the I. C. C. up to the
present time. He holds at present an unlimited Master's license
for sail and steam, any ocean; also unlimited pilot's license upon
the Atlantic waters of the Canal Zone.
WILLIAM GILBERT, born in Brooklyn, New York, January
2, 1861; educated in common school; followed construction work
on Weehawken tunnel; worked for the original French Canal
Company, 1883. Was then employed by the Panama Railroad,
1885, as Fireman and Switch Engineer; promoted to qualified
LocomotiveEngineer, 1887,in which capacity he is still employed.
LLOYD L. GILKEY, Chief Timekeeper, Atlantic Divsion;
born Rutherfordton, North Carolina, in 1861; parents removed to
Mayersville, Issaquena County, Miss., in the early part of 1867
self-educated with exception of tuition by mother at home up to
fifteenth year; began business career at sixteen, working in the
shipping business at Duncansby, Miss., and Lake Providence,
La.; afterwards clerk on various Mississippi River steamboats.
In 1884, was employed as receiver of materials by the third dis-
trict Mississippi River, under Lieut. W. L. Marshall (now Gen-
eral Marshall, retired); left service in 1885, and spent 1886 to
1889, inclusive, in Lake Providence, La., in service of V. M. Purdy
as clerk on wharfboat; in fall of 1889 returned to the service o
the Mississippi River Commmission under Mr. Arthur Hider
.assistant engineer in charge, remaining on their work in various
capacities until 1902; during this time was successively clerk,
receiver of materials, inspector, superintendent of construction,
and master of transportation in charge of four towing steamers
engaged in towing stone on barges from White River for use on
revetment work; from 1902 to 1904 was engaged in book and
stationery business on own account in Greenville, Miss; in 1904
returned to service of Mississippi River Commission under
Captain Hoffman, third district, remaining there until transferred
to the Isthmian Canal Commission, July 19, 1905. Reported
to Mr. F. B. Maltby, Division Engineer at Cristobal, on July
24, and was engaged checking property, etc., until September 1,
then transferred to Balboa (La Boca) as Chief Timekeeper under
Mr. Gerig, Division Engineer in charge of La Boca Dredging and
Shipways; continued as Chief Timekeeper of the La Boca
Division until the abolishment of that division by merger with
the Pacific Division, in August, 1908; was then reduced to clerk
and transferred to the newly formed Atlantic Division by Major
(now Lieutenant Colonel) Wm. L. Sibert, where he has remained
until the present time; was made District Timekeeper at the
Dry Dock at Cristobal in October, 1908, transferred to Gatun in
January, 1910, acted as Chief Timekeeper for four months in
1910, and was promoted to Chief Timekeeper on September 28,
1911; unmarried. Son of Col. Andrew J. Gilkey (C. S. A.) and
Mrs. Ada Logan Gilkey, Scotch-Irish, Quaker-English, and
Welch extraction; ancestors settled in Pennsylvania and North
Carolina many years before the Revolution.
CLARENCE EDGAR GILMORE, Paymaster, Isthmian
Canal Commission, was born March 31, 1878, in Westborough,
Worcester County, Massachusetts; was educated in the public
and high schools of Westborough, and entered the employ of the
local bank (First National); later became identified with the
Mechanics' National Bank, Boston, Mass., National Bank of
Commerce and the International Banking Corporation, New
York, having had an unbroken service in general banking since
1895; was appointed to Department of Disbursements, Isthmian
Canal Commission, September 16, 1905, and now holds position
of Paymaster at Cristobal; was married, December 3, 1907, to
Miss Alice M. Brigham of Marlboro, Mass.; his service with the
Isthmian Canal Commission has been continuous since date of
appointment, September 16, 1905, and he has not been incapaci-
tated from duty a day since appointment.
EDWIN F. J. GOLDSMITH, of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, was,
born at Chicago, Ill., December 31, 1865, moved from there to
Milwaukee, Wis., from thence to St. Louis,Mo., where he resided
for about nineteen years; was educated in the public schools of
St. Louis, and at the Smith Academy, a preparatory school con-
nected with the Washington University; entered the Washington
University and graduated from its law department in 1888, also
a graduate of the Bryant & Stratton Business College, St. Louis;
then moved to Milwaukee, Wis., where he entered the firm of
Nath. Pereles & Sons, with whom he remained, until 1901; he
then entered into the practice of the law by himself and continued
in this profession until 1904, when on account of ill health was
compelled to give up the practice of law, and went into the woods,
becoming connected with the construction department of the
Eastern Dynamite Company, at Barksdale, Wis., and remained
there until July 31, 1905, when he severed his connection with
that corporation to accept a position with the Local Auditor of
the Isthmian Canal Commission, W. B. Starke, on the Isthmus,
arriving on the Isthmus, August 14, 1905, and has continuously
worked in that department both as Stenographer and Inspector
of Accounts. He has been duly admitted to the bar of Wisconsin
and Missouri, in both State and Federal Courts, as well as to the
bar of the Canal Zone on the Isthmus of Panama.
WILLIAM CRAWFORD GORGAS was born in Mobile,
Alabama, October 3, 1854; he is the son of Gen. Josiah Gorgas,
Brigadier-General and Chief of Ordnance, C. S. A.; took the
degree of A. B., 1875, at the University of the South, Suwanee,
Tenn.; took the degree of M. D., Bellevue Hospital Medical
College, New York, 1879; was appointed Assistant Surgeon,
U. S. Army, 1880. He was assigned to duty with the Isthmian,
Canal Commission, March 1, 1904, and sailed for the Isthmus
March 29, 1904; was appointed Chief Sanitary Officer, Isthmian
Canal Commission in June, 1904, and a member of the Second
Isthmian Canal Commission, March 1, 1907.
GEORGE HARTLEY GORHAM, was born in Roches-
ter, New Hampshire, in 1874; educated in public schools;
studied medicine at Dartmouth College, and Tufts College Medi-
cal School, graduating from the latter in 1903; served three years
in the United States Army from 1898 to 1901; was on duty in
Cuba during the Spanish-American War as hospital steward and
afterwards served one year in active service in the Philippines.
From 1903 to 1905 was assistant to the late Francis A. Harris,
medical examiner of Boston. Entered the service of the Isthmian
Canal Commission on October 24, 1905.
HORACE LINCOLN GREELEY was born in Hyde Park,
Norfolk County, Massachusetts, November 27, 1875; received
a common-school education; served four years as apprentice
machinist, from 1892 to 1896, withAmericanTool and Machinery
Company, Hyde Park, Mass.; from 1896 to the present time
worked for a number of different firms as journeyman machinist.
WILLIAM H. GREEN was born in Osceola, Tioga County,
Pennsylvania, January 28, 1868; his father was a soldier in the
Union Army and he was sent to the Soldiers' Orphan School in
Mansfield, Pa., when he was eight years old and continued in
school until he was sixteen years old; at that age he was appren-
ticed to learn the carpenter and joiner trade, which he followed
in various positions until 1901, when he went to work for the
American Bridge Company in the template shop,where he worked
until October, 1905, when he sailed for Panama. He moved from
Osceola to Elmira in 1896, when he was married.
FRANK E. GREENE, Clerk in office of Examiner of Accounts,
Empire, C. Z.; born in Detroit, Michigan, December 9, 1882,
and lived in that city until he reached the age of 22, when he left
for the Isthmus; was educated in public schools of Detroit; after
leaving school, worked for several firms in various capacities;
entered service of the Isthmian Canal Commission, January 31,
1905, on which date he sailed from New York on the steamship
AlUianca. Was originally appointed as clerk in the Material and
Supplies Department, and was located in the Administration
Building, Panama; was sent to the following stations in the order
named: Cristobal, Mount Hope, Empire, La Boca, and Paraiso.
While at Paraiso, the Material and Supplies Department was
taken over by the Quartermaster's Department; under this
department he was sent to Panama, Culebra, and Mount Hope,
in succession. From latter station was transferred to office of
Examiner of Accounts on October 1, 1910. Was burned out in the
Concordia fire of Panama, February 1, 1906, which for a time,
threatened to sweep over the greater part of the city. Was mar-
ried, October 30,1907 to MissCarolineG. Smith, of Fraser, Mich.;
has one daughter, threeyears old; is a memberof the Independent
Order of Panamanian Kangaroos, which organization he joined
March 7, 1908.
ALBERT CLARK GRIGGS, of San Francisco, was born at
Westboro, Massachusetts, April 2, 1856; in 1859 his parents re-
moved to Urbana, Ill., and in 1871 removed to New York, and
in 1875 he was appointed superintendent of gas works at Urbana,
Ill.; in 1879 he returned to New York, and was associated with
his father in railway construction and operation of the Wheeling
& Lake Erie Railway; he went to San Francisco in 1899, and
from there to Nome, Alaska,in 1900,where he was connected with
the Department of Justice for three years; he returned to San
Francisco in 1903, and was connected with the Southern Pacific
Railroad at Sparks, Nev., in the construction of terminals at that
point. He was appointed by the Isthmian Canal Commission,
September 20, 1904, arriving at Colon, September 27, 1904; was
connected with Building Construction Department for three
years and a half, and transferred to the Panama Railroad Com-
pany, Freight Department, in 1908, and is with that department
at this time.
JAMES THOMAS GRISSOM was born at Burkesville,
Cumberland County, Kentucky, April 22, 1877; moved to
Bowling Green, Warren County, Ky., in 1891, his present resi-
dence; was educated in the public, private, and high schools of
Kentucky; graduated from Ogden College, Bowling Green, Ky.,
in 1897, and Bryant-Stratton Business College, Louisville, Ky.,
in 1898, and during his summer vacations while attending college,
he was associated with his father in the Park City Flouring Mills,
Bowling Green, Ky., and held the position of city and traveling
salesman. In 1899 after leaving college he entered the service
of the Louisville & Evansville Packet Company as passenger and
freight clerk on their line of steamers plying on the Ohio River
between Louisville, Ky., and Evansville, Ind., and after three
years service resigned. In 1902 he entered the service of the
Illinois Central Railroad at Louisville, Ky., as assistant account-
ant in the Division Superintendent's office, continuing in that
position for four years. He resigned in July, 1905, to accept a
position with the Isthmian Canal Commission on the Isthmus of
Panama, arriving on the Isthmus August 12, 1905. He was as-
signed to the general office of the Material and Supplies Depart-
ment, Panama City, being with this department until October,
1908, and when the Material and Supplies Department and the
Labor, Quarters, and Subsistence Department were consolidated
into what is now the Quartermaster's Department, general
office at Culebra, C. Z., he was transferred to that department.
In January, 1909, he transferred to the Examiner of Accounts'
office, Empire, C. Z., in which department he is now employed.
FREDERICK GUDERIAN, of Minneapolis, Minnesota, was
born at Eichenhain, near Bromberg, Germany, on March 5,
1859; attended the common and high schools, and in April, 1876,
came to the United States. After attending the grammar and
high school in Anoka, Minn., he entered the employ of the Wash-
burn Milling Co., at that place as timekeeper, clerk and eventually
chief bookkeeper, remaining with that firm until it went out of
the lumber business in 1887; moved to Minneapolis, Minn., in
1887, and until 1894 was employed as clerk for the Minneapolis
Jewelry Manufacturing Company. During the years of 1894 to
1898 he was joint station agent forthe Soo Railroad,and lumber-
yard manager for the Sawyer & Arnold Lumber Company, at
Lucca, N. D., giving up that position to become traveling agent
and auditor for a line of twenty-nine lumber yards operated by
this lumber company. In 1899 he engaged with the Republic
Iron & Steel Company, of Minneapolis, as chief clerk, remaining
in that position until the plant was abolished; again took employ-
ment with the Minneapolis Jewelry Manufacturing Company
in 1901, as clerk, and remained in that position until 1904; in
September of that year he took the Civil-Service examination
for auditor and accountant in the Reclamation Service and re-
ceived an appointment as Stock Record Clerk on the Isthmus,
January 17, 1905; arriving at Cristobal, February 6, 1905, he
was assigned by E. C. Toby, Chief of the Material and Supplies
Department, to Cristobal, C. Z., at which place he has been
stationed since, as Clerk with the Material and Supplies Depart-
ment and as Receiving and Shipping Clerk at Mount Hope in the
HEZEKIAH ALEXANDER GUDGER, Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court of the Canal Zone, was born in Madison County,
North Carolina, May 27, 1850; was educated at Weaverville
College, Weaverville, N. C.; studied law in Bailey's Law School,
Asheville, N. C., and was admitted to practice law in 1872;
elected to the legislature from Madison County, N. C., for three
consecutive terms, 1872, 1874, and 1876; elected to State Senate
from Buncomb and Madison Counties in 1890; was for two terms
Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Masons of North Carolina;
married Miss Jenny Hardy Smith, August 10, 1875. Appointed
American Consul-General to Panama in 1897. Appointed
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Canal Zone, Febru-
ary 25, 1905, and promoted to the Chief Justiceship, January
AUSTIN L. HACKENBERG, of Akron, Ohio, was born
March 18, 1865; attended country school and worked on farm,
in iron ore mines, and lumber woods until twenty-one years of
age, when he went to Akron, Ohio, and learned the carpenter's
trade, which he has followed ever since. Came to the Isthmus
September 23, 1905; had charge of the Building Construction
carpenter shop in Gorgona until August 1, 1908, when he was
transferred to the Quartermaster's Department and is now a
Traveling-gang Carpenter Foreman in that Department.
GEORGE B. HALLORAN, born in Boston, Massachusetts,
October 17, 1875; graduate of the Boston grammar and English
high schools and Albany Business College; from 1895 to 1905,
was assistant to the register of deeds, court house, Pittsfield,
Mass., indexer and examiner of titles. Is an ex-member of Com-
pany F., Second Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia.
Came to the Isthmus in April, 1905; in November, 1905, married
at Cristobal, Elizabeth Maxson Dickson, of Gloucester, Mass.;
has four children, three girls and one boy. At present employed
by the Central Division as Clerk.
MILTON S. HATHAWAY was born in Louisville, Jefferson
County, Kentucky, June 11, 1877; attended public schools; re-
moved to Texas in 1895; served in Company "K," Third Texas
Volunteer Infantry, April, 1898, to February, 1899; returned to
Kentucky in 1899 and attended law department, University of
Louisville, September, 1900 to May, 1902; employed in office
of post-office inspector in charge, Cincinnati, Ohio, August, 1902,
to January, 1905, when transferred to the Isthmus, to office of
Chief of Police, later transferring to Disbursing Office. Married
on the Isthmus, December 15, 1910, to Elsie H. McCullough, of
W. D. HENRY was born at Cistern, Fayette County, Texas,
September 15, 1870; came to Isthmus of Panama, February,
1888; railroaded in Peru, Ecuador, and Mexico, until 1897;
enlisted in K Troop, Fifth United States Cavalry, in 1898; served
in. Spanish-American War in Puerto Rico until 1899; was in
Quartermaster's Department until 1901, when he went to Ecua-
dor and remained until 1905, when he returned to Panama where
he has been employed since by the Isthmian Canal Commission.
ALBERT OSCAR HERMAN, born in Germany; came to the
United States of America in 1889; employed for five years in the
car departments of the Merchants Dispatch Transportation
Company, argn the New York Central & Hudson River Railroad
at Rochester, N. Y., and the Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago &
St. Louis Railroad at Cleveland, Ohio; entered service of the
Pittsburg, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad in 1895;
after being one year in their Pendleton shops, was successively
advanced to clerk in the car inspection office at Cincinnati;
piece work inspector at Pendleton shop; car foreman of the same
shop, and foreman of passenger car inspection and repairs at
Cincinnati, Ohio. On November 1, 1905, upon receiving an
appointment from Washington, D. C., resigned this position to
come to the Isthmus of Panama. After working two months for
the Building Construction Department at Cristobal, was
transferred to the Mechanical Department as Foreman of the
Planing Mill at Cristobal Shops. When the Panama Railroad
took over Cristobal Shops on November 15, 1906, was transferred
to the Panama Railroad as Foreman of the Car Department,
which position he held up to October 25, 1910, when he was trans-
ferred back to the Mechanical Division, I. C. C., as Foreman of
the Wood Car Shop at Gorgona.
GEORGE HOLDEN, Record Clerk, Chief Quartermaster's
Office, was born at New York City, New York, May 12, 1873;
received a common-school education. Appointed for service with
the Isthmian Canal Commission, August 26, 1905, and in con-
tinuous service since.
HARLAN O. HOSTETTER, Clerk in the Quartermaster's
Department, was born, October 6, 1881, near Crawfordsville,
Indiana; received a common-school and high-school education;
attended normal school and Indiana State University; taught in
the public schools of Indiana four years, 1900-1903; appointed
United States customs inspector in 1904. Received appointment
in the Commission service April 4, 1905, and has been in contin-
uous service since.
J. FRANK HOUSTON, of Covington, was born near Walton,
Boone County, Kentucky, July 8, 1885; was educated in the
public schools of his native state, and at Nelson's Business
College of Cincinnati. Was appointed by the Isthmian Canal
Commission in October, 1905; was assigned to the Building
Construction Department, and worked on Colon Hospital
until August, 1906, when he was sent with the first bunch.
of men to Gatun, where he took charge of the lumber yard
and storehouse until they were turned over to Material and Sup-
plies Department in June, 1908. In July, 1909, was transferred to
locks cableways. His service has been continuous.
E. L. HUBBARD, born in Sacramento, California, January
5, 1879; educated in the grammar schools and Pomona College,
California. Mr. Hubbard has been engaged from an early age
in earning his own living; he sold newspapers on the streets of
Los Angeles, Cal., as a barefoot boy; rode race-horses on the race-
tracks of Southern California, and partly worked his way through
the freshman year of Pomona College; after leaving college on
account of lack of funds, he engaged in various occupations, such
as bell-boy in a hotel, messenger boy for the American District
Telegraph, engineer in a salmon cannery, newspaper reporter,
advertising solicitor, cowboy in Idaho, and soldier in the United
States Army. In January, 1905, he came to the Isthmus under
civil service employment as Bill Clerk for Paymaster Tobey, in
charge of material and supplies, and was shortly after appointed
storekeeper at Bas Matachin, now part of Gorgona. After eight
months' service he was transferred to the Panama Railroad in
charge of the Stores Department, which position he held till it
was abolished in January, 1911. Mr..Hubbard is now a commer-
cial traveler, covering Central America.
JAMES THOMAS HUMPHREYS was born, October 23,
1873, in Adair County, Kentucky; entered the service, United
States Army, April, 1898, and served in the Spanish-American
War, April, 1898 to February, 1899, in "D" Battalion, 1st Regi-
ment of Artillery; was discharged February, 1899, and employed
on fortification works at Fort St. Phillips and Fort Jackson,
La., until February, 1901, and from that time to June, 1905, with
the Mississippi River Commission. Appointed in the United
States for service with the Isthmian Canal Commission, July 5,
1905; arrived on the Isthmus, July 11, 1905; assigned to work
asOperator of clam-shell dredge, draining the city of Colon, R. P.;
afterwards in the Atlantic Dredging Fleet; August, 1910, made
Master of dredge (U. S. Dredge No. 85) operating in Gatun Lake.
JAMES ST. CLAIR HUNT was born at sea, December 14,
1861; received his education in the public schools of New York
City and at St. John's College, Fordham, N. Y.; spent a number
of years at sea; represented the United States and Brazil Steam-
ship Company in the Port of Santos. After returning to the
United States he joined the Brazilian cruizer Nictheroy as pay-
master, and served on that vessel until the close of the revolution
in 1895; in March, 1901, he came to the Isthmus of Panama,
as Chief Clerk at the Balboa terminus of the Panama Railroad
Company; later was appointed Receiving and Forwarding Agent
of the same company. He received the first appointment as
Postmaster on the Canal Zone after the establishment of the
Isthmian Canal Commission. Was appointed Harbor Master
by Executive order and was later appointed Port Captain of the
Port of Ancon.
C. D. HUNTER was born in New Berne, Crane County
North Carolina, September 19, 1875. Entered the employment
of the Isthmian Canal Commission, March 28, 1905.
ROBERT J. HUNTOON, of Colon Hospital, Colon, Panama,
was born, March 23, 1875, at Chittenden, Vermont; attended
the public schools until 18 years of age, when he went to Rutland
to take a position with Dr. Chas. A. Gale as valet; enlisted in the
Spanish War of 1898, in the First Vermont Volunteer Infantry;
after the war he learned the plumber's trade with the firm of
Geo. H. Channel & Co., of Rutland, Vt., after working for Con-
nolly & Loveland Plumbing Company; received his commission
as plumber with the United States Government, April 11, 1905.
He has been stationed on the Isthmus of Panama for nearly seven
JOHN J. JACKSON, born in Boston, Massachusetts, June
7, 1872; educated in the public schools in that city; entered the
wholesale grocery business in the year 1884 and remained in that
line until 1898; appointed as clerk in the War Department on
November 12, 1898, and reported to Gen. Charles F. Humphrey,
Chief Quartermaster, Division of Cuba, at Havana, Cuba, on
November 19, 1898; was with the Chief Quartermaster of the
China Relief Expedition (1900-1901), at Tientsin and Pekin,
China, during the Boxer outbreak; reported to the Chief, Quarter-
master, Division of Philippines, on June 5, 1901, and remained
in Manila until November, 1903; on duty at Washington, D. C.,
under direction of the Quartermaster General of the Army, from
December, 1903, to July, 1905. Accepted an appointment as
Chief Bookkeeper with the Isthmian Canal Commission on July
20, 1905, and reported for duty on the Isthmus on July 26, 1905.
Now employed as United States Requisition Clerk in the office
of the Depot Quartermaster, at Mount Hope, Canal Zone.
BEN JENKINS, Chief Clerk, Atlantic Division, was born.
September 2, 1880, in Jefferson County, Kansas, completing the
common-school course of that state at the age of eleven, and
graduating from the high school, at Valley Falls, at the age of
fourteen. After one year of normal work, taught for two years.
in the public schools of Pottawatomie County, Kan.; he served
apprenticeship in the printing trade, working for various papers
in Northeastern Kansas until May, 1903. From February, 1904,
he was with the Missouri Pacific, at Fort Scott, Kan., in the office
of the master mechanic, and in February, 1905, went with the
master mechanic and superintendent of shops to the Pere Mar-
quette, at Grand Rapids, Mich., when that road was reorganized,
and in June of that year resigned to accept an appointment on the
Isthmus, sailing from New York on July 10, 1905. Was in the
timekeeping department of the Building Construction Division,
until that division was abolished, and transferred to the Atlantic
Division, August 12, 1908, serving as Chief Timekeeper and
Assistant Chief Clerk until September 23, 1911, when he was
promoted to his present position.
ALEXANDER SHALER JUSSEN was born in New York
City, April 18, 1875. In March, 1890, he came to the Isthmus,
in the service of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company on their
steamers running between New York and Colon, continuing
until April, 1893; was with the fire department of New York
City from July, 1893, until July, 1894, at which time he went
with the steamship line of the Panama Railroad running to
Colon; in February, 1896, he was transferred to their service
on the Isthmus.
BERNHARD ANTON KALLISH a naturalized citizen of
the United States, was born, October 2, 1859, in the Free State
of Hamburg, Germany; went to sea at the age of fifteen; be-
came a citizen of the United States in 1880. In 1885 he entered
the employ of the Southern Pacific Railroad Company as steve-
dore foreman, resigning in 1886 to accept similar position with
the Metropolitan Steamship Lines; was subsequently placed
in charge of their New York City dock, which position he retained
until 1888, again going to sea on various Pacific Coast steamers;
in 1892 he returned east to take charge of one of the lake steamers;
the following year he joined the Pacific Mail Steamship Newport,
plying between New York and Colon; when this service was
discontinued in 1894 he became connected with the Panama Rail-
road Company as Foreman Stevedore on the Colon docks, being
promoted in 1910 to General Foreman, which position he still
E. A. KEELING, born,April 29, 1880, at Brownsville, Tennes-
see; when he was two years old his parents moved to Memphis;
entering school at the age of six he attended the lower grades until
he was twelve, at which time he left school to go to work; his
first employment was with a book publishing concern. In 1896
he went to work for the Memphis & Charleston Railroad (now
the Southern Railway Company); with this company he was
employed in Memphis and Washington, D. C., until September,
1904, when he accepted service with the Atlantic & North Caro-
lina Railroad Company at Goldsboro, N. C., where he stayed
until July, 1905, the date of his employment by the Commission.
He was married, July 6, 1910, to Miss Camilla Stewart of
CHARLES EDWARD KENDALL is a native of Virginia,
having been born in Richmond, January 5, 1874; he was educated
at private and public schools, Norfolk Academy, and the South-
western Baptist University, Jackson, Tenn., of which latter
institution he is an LL. M. Being the only son of a large family,
the death, in 1894, of his father, Geo. E. Kendall (superinduced
largely by wounds received in the Battle of Seven Pines and which
had never entirely healed) precluded his following his ambition
for a professional career, and he, therefore, entered the service of
a Baltimore lumber and real estate firm where he remained seven
years, afterwards being connected with the material department
of the Newport News Ship Building & Dry Dock Company.
During the latter part of the construction period of the Louisiana
Purchase Exposition at St. Louis, he accepted a position in the
concessions department, later being made secretary to its chief.
After the close of the Fair he was retained on statistical work of
the concessions and admissions departments. In 1905 his services
were again sought by the former chief of concessions of the
Louisiana Purchase Exposition, John A. Wakefield, who had
become director of concessions and admissions at the Portland
Exposition, but about the same time he was appointed by the
United States Civil Service Commission to a position in the Isth-
mian Canal Service, which he accepted, arriving on the Isthmus
July 7, 1905. He was immediately assigned to the Material and
Supplies Department, with which Department and its successor-
the Quartermaster's-he has remained until the present time,
being now in charge of the Local Requisition Division at the
Mount Hope Depot.
JOHN CYRIL KIERNAN, born in New York City, September
30, 1881; educated in Catholic and public schools and College
of the City of New York. Came to the Isthmus of Panama in
1904 and was employed by the Panama Railroad as Yard Clerk
at Panama. Has been in the service of the Isthmian Canal Com-
mission since August 28, 1904, Storekeeper and Clerk at Ancon in
the Division of Building Construction, August 28, 1904, to No-
vember 28, 1905; Clerk at Culebra to March 21, 1906; Clerk at
Cristobal until June 17, 1908. In the interior of Panama during
the elections of 1908. Issuing Clerk, Atlantic Division, Gatun,
October 24, 1908, Pay-roll Clerk from March 1, 1910, and from
September 10, 1910, File Clerk. Also acts as Spanish translator
for the Atlantic Division.
GEORGE EDWARD KIRK, born in England, November 22,
1880; came to New Jersey with his parents in 1884; was educated
until eleven years old in the common-schools of Trenton, N. J.;
then learned his trade as machinist, working in Trenton until he
was twenty-one; then went to Pittsburg, Pa., and worked at his
trade for two years; from Pittsburg he went to Bordentown, N.
J., and worked two years; was married in Bordentown, N. J., to
Miss Anna Reeves. Left Bordentown, March 21, 1905, sailing
from NewYork for Panama on steamship Seguranca, and arriving
at Colon, March 28, 1905. Reported for duty at Culebra Machine
Shops and worked there until shops were moved to Paraiso in
October of that year. While living in Paraiso with his family a
son was born in Ancon Hospital, December 30, 1906. Worked
in Paraiso Shops as General Foreman until September 1, 1907;
transferred to Central Division, September 1, 1907, as Steam-
shovel Fireman; promoted to Steam-shovel Craneman in Pacific
Division after being transferred from Central Division; promoted
to Steam-shovel Engineer, March, 1909. Still working as Steam-
shovel Engineer at present time, November 15, 1911. Is a mem-
ber of the Knights of Pythias and Masonic fraternities.
JOHN P. KYTE, born at St. Peters, Nova Scotia; went to
Massachusetts when sixteen years old; learned the building con-
struction business in which he has been constantly engaged
since; filled several minor positions of trust in the civic life of
his adopted state. Entered the employ of the Isthmian Canal
Commission, January 9, 1905; was Superintendent of Building
from 1906 until that division was abolished; now General Foreman
of Forms for Pacific Division.
BURDETTE L. LARCOM, Locomotive Engineer, employed
in the Transportation Department of the Panama Railroad; was
born in Cadillac, Michigan, April 13, 1874, to which place his
parents had removed in 1870 from Fort Wayne, Ind.; attended
the common and graded schools until the age of 12 years, when
the family removed to Pensacola, Fla.; at the age of 13 years, his
father became an invalid, and for several years he was the sole
support of the family, which consisted of two younger brothers
in addition to the parents, which necessitated his leaving school
and beginning the "Battle for Bread." For about two years he
had no settled vocation, but went from one place to another,
earning what he could, but always seeking to find that kind of
employment which he was best fitted for, and which would yield
the most remunerative returns. At the age of 15 he accepted a
position in one of the largest wholesale and retail grocery houses
in his city, on the lowest rung of the ladder, and continued with
this firm in different capacities for eight years. In that time he
had served in every position in the business (attending night
sessions of the local colleges meanwhile), and for one year before
leaving their employ held the highest position of trust in the gift
of his employers. During that year of his services his health
began to fail and, casting about for some form of outdoor employ-
ment, he decided to become a "Knight of the Throttle;" leaving
his position in the mercantile world, he sought employment in the
service of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad, in the capacity of
fireman, but was for two years unsuccessful in obtaining it; how-
ever, leaving his family (now consisting of his wife and one child,
he having been united in marriage, April 13, 1896, to the eldest
daughter of one of the oldest locomotive enginemen in the service
of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad in that city), he
traveled over the' States of Alabama and Mississippi in search
of employment in his chosen vocation, in this time entering
the service of several roads, but always coming back to the first
choice at every opportunity; finally, in the spring of the year
1900, he was successful in landing the coveted position of
fireman, in main-line service, with the Louisville & Nashville
Railroad, on the Pensacola Division; from this time on his
advancement was the most rapid in the history of the service,
at this point, and in the spring of 1905, after serving as
fireman, machinists' assistant, hostler, and switch engineman,
with some little main-line experience, he left the employ
of this road to enter the service of the Isthmian Canal Com-
mission, and after ten months of service was transferred to
the service of the Panama Railroad, where his consistent per-
formance in all classes of the engine service-passenger, freight,
special-and with the Maintenance of Way departments, speaks
best for itself.
JOHN LAROCK was born March 12, 1866; served apprentice-
ship as machinist and steam engineer; came from the American
Ship Building Company of Chicago, Ill., to the Isthmian Canal
Commission, November 28, 1904; started work, December 1,
1904, in the Mechanical Department at Gorgona shops as Ma-
chinist; worked at Gorgona shops one year and seven months as
General Machinist and Foreman; transferred to Municipal
Engineering Department as Steam Engineer, which position he
LEANDER LARSON, employed in Department of Sanitation,
was born in Solvesburg, Sweden, August 21, 1878; educated in
Swedish and English common-schools in Sycamore, De Kalb
County, Ill., and in Highland Park College, Des Moines, Iowa;
at present a student of Civil Engineering. Enlisted in a local
company in Kingston, Ill., for the Spanish-American War, but
the company was not called out; served in the United States
Army, 1900-1904; a member of the W. O. W., and employed by
the Isthmian Canal Commission, 1905 to the present time.
RICHARD EUGENE LAUGHLIN, born in Ireland, April
19, 1871; came to the United States in 1876 and resided in Louis-
ville, Ky., and later removed to Pocatello, Idaho, and became a
naturalized citizen at Blackfoot, Idaho. When a boy of sixteen
he entered the machine shop in Pocatello as an apprentice, then
went firing for the Union Pacific; was promoted on the Union
Pacific as first-class engineer under John Hickey, superintendent
of motive power; has worked in several states in the United
States, through the Republic of Mexico, and has served the
Panama Railroad for the past seven years.
THOS. A. LEATHLEY, born, September 28, 1879, at Hull,
Yorkshire, England; came to the United States in 1898; en-
listed in the United States Infantry and was assigned to the
Fourteenth Infantry, serving six years as Private, Corporal, and
Sergeant, with that regiment; took part in the Philippine cam-
paign, and the China Relief Expedition. Received an appoint-
ment as Sanitary Foreman, August 19, 4905; arrived on the
Isthmus, August 26, 1905; promoted Sanitary Inspector, March,
1906. Still employed in that position at this date.
ARTHUR P. LUCCHESI was born in Lucca, Italy, June 30,
1877; emigrated to America in 1890; worked as an entered
apprentice, ornamental plaster. During his spare time he at-
tended evening school in 1894; joined Local 25, Ornamental
Plasterer's Society of New York City. On March 20, 1902, be-
became a citizen'of United States; the same year went to Rich-
mond, Va., where he started in business for himself. On January
20, 1905, sailed from New York for the Isthmus on the steam-
ship Seguranca; February 8, 1905, was employed by the Isth-
mian Canal Commission on the construction of the lumber wharf
at La Boca; June 1, all the employees were transferred to Panama
Railroad, the work having been turned over to them by the Isth-
mian Canal Commission. Returning to the Isthmus after his
third vacation, was a passenger on the steamer Finance which
was sunk by the Georgic off Sandy Hook, November 26, 1908.
In 1910 married Miss Anna M. Biagiotti, of New York City.
On October 15, 1910, was transferred back to the Isthmian Canal
Commission in the Gatun Locks.
ALEXANDER A. LUNDISHEFF, age between 37 and 40
years old; born in Russia; father's name R. H. Peacock, British
Consul General in Russian seaports; 1884, ran away from school
in St. Petersburg; changed name to Lundisheff and traveled as
acrobat with a circus; 1885, went to sea; 1886, served for six
months as guard in convict station in East London, South Africa;
in 1886,was shanghaied in New York on board Benjamin F. Pack-
ard and sailed around the horn to San Francisco; went to Balti-
more on foot and in box cars; 1887, went to sea on schooners and
also on steam yacht Comfort, belonging to Haywood & Bartley of
Baltimore; in 1888, crossed Isthmus as bluejacket and was sent
to join U. S. S. Marion at Panama, which sailed to San Fran-
cisco; 1890 to 1894 served as sailor and captain of schooner
Natalia of San Francisco; 1894, secured final citizenship papers;
1895, went to Guaymas, Mexico, enlisting in Seventeenth Battal-
ion of Mexican Infantry, in war with Yaqui Indians; 1898, en-
listed as volunteer in Spanish-American War, in Navy; 1900,
served on U. S. R. C. Manning in Alaska Coast Patrol; 1901 and
1902, worked at Tacoma, Wash., as cable repairer for cable car
company, also as exhibition diver for three months; 1902, went
to navigation school and shipped at Seattle, Wash., on Colum-
bian gunboat Bogota with 120 other United States ex-sailors and
soldiers to fight for Conservative government against Liberals;
1903, became acquainted with Panamanian girl who saved him
from being stabbed in the back by rebel sword, and married her
on MIay 25, 1903; during 1903 was contracting painter in Pana-
ma; on June 15, 1904, was hired by Colonel Gorgas and Major
Carter, and has worked for Isthmian Canal Commission ever
since; has never been sick or missed work for one-half hour and
has never taken a vacation.
CAMBRIDGE MORELAND LUPFER was born in Blaine,
Perry County, Pennsylvania, April 19, 1886; graduated from the
Newport (Penn.) high school in 1903 and from the Peirce School
of Philadelphia in 1904. Entered the employ of the Isthmian
Canal Commission, August 2, 1905.
DANIEL W. MAcCORMACK, Traveling Accountant,
Commissary Department, Cristobal, C. Z., born in Wick, Scot-
land, April 9, 1880, resident of Boston, Mass., since 1889; citizen
of United States through father's naturalization. Until 1899
attended public schools of Boston; Robert Gordon's College,
Aberdeen, Scotland; Boston College, Boston, Mass.; and St.
Laurents College, Montreal, Canada. Enlisted in Massachusetts
Provisional Militia, 1898; served during Philippine Insurrection
with Twenty-sixth Infantry, United States Volunteers, from
August, 1899, to May, 1901; was provost clerk of Iloilo, Panay,
P. I., under the military government, and,later, clerk of Company
L. After return to the United States, spent one year with Boston
Elevated Railroad Company as brakeman, guard, and train
clerk; returned to Boston College, 1902, for special course, then
three years' auditing, accounting, and general office work in
Boston. Appointed timekeeper, Isthmian Canal Service, April
4, 1905, as result of Civil Service examination; arrived on Isth-
mus, April 12, 1905, and assigned to Culebra Division; designated
Force Checker, May 12, Inspector of Quarters, June 2, and Build-
ing Inspector, July 1. Transferred to Bureau of Meteorology
and River Hydraulics, August 1, 1905; designated Acting Chief
Clerk, August 4, and appointed Chief Clerk, September 1, 1905.
Division was abolished and force transferred to Third Division
Chief Engineer's office, October 12, 1908; Chief Clerkship
abolished, July 20, 1910; transferred to Subsistence Department,
July 21, 1910, designated Acting Accountant, Subsistence Depart-
ment, August 4, 1910, Traveling Accountant, Panama Railroad,
Commissary Department, October 30, 1910.
ADELAIDE P. MACKERETH, born near Avondale, Chester
County, Pennsylvania, was educated at the Chester County
schools, and the West Chester State Normal; graduated from the
Medico Chirurgical Hospital Training School for Nurses, Phila-
delphia, Pa., in 1895; entered the United States Army service in
September, 1898, was stationed at the camps in Jacksonville,
Fla., and Savannah, Ga.; sailed for Cuba in January, 1899,
serving in the military hospitals there until the following October;
was then transferred to the Philippines, remaining there two years;
returned to the States in April, 1902, and left the service while at
the Presidio of San Francisco, Cal., in June, 1902. In March,
1904, went as Red Cross nurse to Japan, during the Russo-Japan
War, serving at the hospital at Hiroshima, Japan, and on the
hospital ships running between Japan and Manchuria, for which
service she received Imperial decorations. Returned to the
States in November, 1904, and in January, 1905, entered the
service of the Isthmian Canal Commission at Ancon Hospital;
was appointed Assistant Chief Nurse at Ancon Hospital in
HENRY C. MANSFIELD was born in Germantown, City
of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1876; for eight years he worked
for Spalding & Walker, railroad contractors, New York, serving
most of this time on contracts on The-Cape-to-Cairo Railroad,
Africa, and on The Northern Bengal Railroad, India. Mr. Mans-
field subsequently worked five years for James E. Ward & Co.,
New York, and in May, 1905, was appointed by the Isthmian
Canal Commission. He was Chief Clerk of the Panama District
of the Division of Municipal Engineering, until the reorganiza-
tion in 1908, when he was assigned as Cost Clerk in the Pacific
Division, Machine Shops, Balboa, which position he still holds.
WILLIAM ARCHIBALD MARTIN was born in Springdale,
Hamilton County, Ohio, July 29, 1862; he was private secretary
to Hon. Charles Daniels, New York, and clerk to Committee on
Elections, No. 1, United States House of Representatives; served
in a similar capacity to Hon. Lemuel W. Royce, Indiana, Chair-
man of Committee on Elections, No. 2; was private secretary to
Senator Wm. P. Dillingham, Vermont, and clerk to United States
Senate Committees, to examine the several branches of the Civil
Service, and Transportation Routes to the Seaboard. He was
appointed in Washington, D. C., July 22, 1905, for service on the
Isthmus. He arrived in Colon, Isthmus of Panama, August 14,
ALBERT P. MASON, of Winthrop Beach, Massachusetts,
was born, February 11, 1874, at Rochdale, Lancashire, England;
when eight years old his parents removed to Dalkeith, Scotland;
here he was educated in a private school until entering the
Edinburgh high school, from which he graduated in 1890. At
this time his parents decided to make the United States their
future home; he removed with them to Maiden, Mass., where in
1892 he entered the office of the city engineer as chairman, rising
from one position to another until he was made chief of party,
becoming a naturalized citizen in 1894. In this office he remained
until November, 1904, at which time he resigned to accept a
position as Levelman in the Engineering Department of the Isth-
mian Canal Commission, sailing from New York, November 18,
1904; arriving on the Isthmus he was assigned to duty in the
Resident Engineer's office at Culebra, removing with that office
to Empire in 1905. In July, 1907, upon the division of forces he
was assigned to the office at Las Cascadas as Transitman. In
September of that year he was transferred to the Chagres Division
as Instrumentman under the Resident Engineer. While in this
office he was made Junior Engineer. On account of the work's
being almost completed, his whole office and force were trans-
ferred to the office of the Assistant Engineer at Las Cascadas.
He remained in this office until May, 1911, at which time he
transferred to the Panama Railroad Company for work on the
HENRY B. MATTIMORE was born near Renovo, Clinton
County, Pennsylvania, March 4, 1863; attended public school
until he reached the age of 13; he then served apprenticeship at
boilermaking in the Pennsylvania Railroad shops at Renovo.
Was married in 1895, his wife dying in 1901; has two sons attend-
ing Cannisius College at Buffalo, N. Y. Mr. Mattimore has
worked continuously as a journeyman and foreman boilermaker
since 1880; he entered the service of the Isthmian Canal Com-
mission on April 2, 1905, and was appointed Foreman Boiler-
maker at Gorgona Shop, Mechanical Division, June 1, 1905,
which position he still holds.
WILLIAM EDMUND MAXON was born in Vancouver,
Washington, May 31, 1871, and at about the age of one year,
removed, with his parents, to Waco, Texas, where he was reared
and educated; his primary education was obtained in the public
schools of Waco, after which, he concluded his scholastic educa-
tion with a four-year's course in Baylor University, of the same
city. During his early life, he was, at various times, engaged as
an assistant to his father, who was engaged in the manufacture of
illuminating gas for the city of Waco; and after leaving Baylor
University the best and most promising position that was offered
to him was in connection with the manufacture of gas for illumi-
nating and power purposes in the city of Pensacola, Fla., where he
held the position of assistant superintendent and was in charge of
the distribution department for the Pensacola Gas Company, for
six years; during the last two years of his stay in Pensacola, he
held, in addition to his position with the Pensacola Gas Company,
the position of superintendent of street lighting (in the city of
Pensacola) for the Welsbach Street Lighting Company, of Phila-
delphia, Pa. In 1905, when a call was made, by the Isthmian
Canal Commission, for men to go to the Isthmus of Panama, he
resigned his two positions, in Pensacola, to go to the Isthmus,
after having been appointed Foreman Pipefitter. He landed on
the Isthmus of Panama, on April 17, 1905, and was assigned to the
Municipal Engineering Department, which, at that time had its
headquarters in Corozal, C. Z., and he was placed in charge of the
laying of a section of the Rio Grande-Panama main water supply
line. Within six months from the time he landed on the Isthmus
he was promoted to the position of General Foreman and was
placed in charge of the construction of the water, sewerage, and
drainage pipe systems in the city of Panama. Since that time
he has held continuously the same position of General Foreman
in charge of the construction of municipal work.
ARTHUR MCGOWN was born in New York City, January 10,
1879, and received his education in the public schools of that city,
as well as at the high school at Rockville Centre, Long Island, to
which place his family had removed. He held several positions
in New York, and subsequently took up his residence in Los
Angeles, Cal., where he was employed as a stenographer until
August 5, 1905, when he received an appointment to the Isth-
mian Canal Service. Upon his arrival on the Isthmus he was
assigned to duty,as a stenographer, in the office of the Collector
of Revenues, Department of Civil Administration, and ad-
vanced to the position of Deputy Collector of Revenues, which
he holds at this time.
C. A. MCILVAINE, born February 22, 1877, at Creston,
Ohio; graduated from Creston High School in 1893; taught
school for irregular periods for five years, attending Ada Normal
University and Wooster University in the intervals; worked in
Lorain Steel Mills as engineer 1898-99; took a course in
Berkey & Dyke's Private Business College in 1899-1900; 1900-
1901, stenographer, New York City; 1902-1903, stenographer,
Cleveland, Ohio; 1904, office manager, Cleveland, Ohio; ap-
pointed by Isthmian Canal Commission as Stenographer, and
sailed for Isthmus, December 28, 1904; assigned on arrival
to Chief Engineer's Office; present position, Chief Clerk in that
office; married on December 31, 1903, to Lois Mabel Brigham.
MARIETTA LOUISE MEECH was born in Buffalo, N. Y.
When five years old went with her parents to western Michigan,
Benton Harbor; was educated in the district and high school; in
1892, she graduated from the Illinois Training School for Nurses,
Cook County and Presbyterian Hospitals, Chicago. In 1898
volunteered for service in the Spanish-American War and was ac-
cepted as contract nurse; served at Montauk Point, Long Island;
in Florida, Georgia, Cuba, Philippine Islands, and Presidio of San
Francisco, Cal. Became a member of the regular army in the
Army Nurse Corps; discharged to take up the work as Instructor
in hospitals under the United States Government in Cuba. In
September, 1904, came to the Canal Zone, as Trained Nurse for
the Isthmian Canal Commission at Ancon.
JOHN J. MEEHAN, a Pennsylvanian by birth; a cosmop-
olite by circumstance. Traveled extensively, following con-
struction work through the greater part of the United States and
Canada. Arrived on the Isthmus in 1904, and since has lived
continuously in Culebra.
ALBERT F. MILLER, born, September 24,1877, at Chicago,
Ill.; he received a common-school education in the public schools
of Chicago, living in that city until October, 1892, when he left
for Kansas, locating at Kansas City. He resided at Kansas City
until the commencement of the Spanish-American War, when he
enlisted and served in the Twenty-first Kansas Volunteers, being
mustered out in December, 1898; in the following year, 1899, he
was employed by the Barber Paving Company of New York, and
traveled through the States of the Middle West and the South
with this company; he left the employ of the Barber Paving Com-
pany in May, 1902, and worked for the Midland Bridge Company,
with which company he worked in Old Mexico, constructing
bridges, etc.; returning to the States from Mexico in June, 1903,
from which time until the latter part of 1904 he was a member of
a prospecting expedition engaged in investigating mining claims,
etc., in the western part of the United States, Mexico, all the
Central American countries, working down through Panama, and
as far south in South America as Ecuador, returning to the
United States in the fall of 1904. He took the Civil Service ex-
amination in February, 1905, for position on the Isthmus in the
Building Construction Department; passed the examination
satisfactorily, and received an appointment, commencing work
on the Isthmus at Corozal on April 10, 1905, from which date he
has been in continuous service with the Isthmian Canal Commis-
sion, working at practically every point along the Canal, having
transferred to the Mechanical Division on December 10, 1907,
with which Division he is at present employed, being located at
ROBERT KEAN MORRIS was born at Lynchburg, Virginia,
April 12, 1883, and when he was six years old his parents moved
to Indian Territory, Where he received his early education in a
private school; in 1898 he entered the public schools at St.
Joseph, Mo., graduating from the high school there in 1902.
Mr. Morris's first business experience was gained in the supply
department of the Chicago, Burlington &- Quincy Railroad;
later he entered the service of Swift & Company, St. Joseph, and
remained with them until June, 1905, when he accepted a position
with the Isthmian Canal Commission as Assistant Storekeeper.
He arrived on the Isthmus, July 17, 1905, and was stationed at
Gorgona continuously until December, 1909; he was then ap-
pointed Storekeeper at Balboa; one year later he was transferred
back to the larger Storehouse at Gorgona, where he has since
remained. Mr. Morris was married to Miss Meta E. Thomas,
August 31, 1906, and has one child, a daughter four years old.
JOHN W. MULLIN, born in Dodge County, Wisconsin, May
14, 1882; moved with his parents to Pender, Thurston County,
Neb., in 1885; educated in the public schools at that place;
moved to Fort Sill, Territory of Oklahoma, in 1896; worked as a
cowboy for seven years for the Val Verde Land & Cattle Company
and Burke, Burnett & Son; entered the Lawton Business College,
Lawton, Okla., September, 1903, graduating in June, 1904;
appointed official stenographer, County of Comanche, State of
Oklahoma, in July, 1904; resigned to accept a position with the
Isthmian Canal Commission in August, 1905; sailed from New
York on August 2,1905, and upon arrival at Colon was assigned to
the Bureau of Waterworks, Sewers, and Roads; appointed Chief
Timekeeper,. Division of Municipal Engineering, April 1, 1908;
transferred to the Pacific Division, November 6, 1908; appointed
Chief Timekeeper, May 1, 1909, which lIosition he still holds.
ROBERT E. MURPHY, of the Examiner's Office, Empire,
C. Z:, was born in Brown County, near Marathon, Ohio, on Sep-
tember 11, 1884; graduated from the common school and high
school of that place; and took a business course at the Bartlett
Commercial School of Cincinnati, Ohio. In 1904 became associ-
ate editor of "The Billboard," a weekly publication devoted to
the amusement interests, and while so engaged, took the Civil
Service examination and was appointed as Stenographer in the
service of the Isthmian Canal Commission; sailed from New York
on the steamship Havana, on August 8, 1905; was assigned to
duty in the office of the Local Auditor; on March 26, 1906, was
married to Docia A. Oldham, at Cristobal, Canal Zone. Served
successively in the Disbursing Office, Division of Building Con-
struction, Central Division, and Department of Examination of
CLYDE A. NELSON was born at Carver, Minnesota, Septem-
ber 23, 1880; graduated from Carver high schools in 1898; fol-
lowed bridge work on the Northern Pacific Railroad, the
Choctaw, Oklahoma & Gulf Railroad, and the Southern Pacific
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