Milk production and dairy products

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Title:
Milk production and dairy products annual statistical summary
Series Title:
1960-<1967>: Da
Physical Description:
v. : ; 27 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Crop Reporting Board
Publisher:
The Board
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:
Frequency:
annual
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Milk trade -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Statement of Responsibility:
United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Marketing Service, Crop Reporting Board.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
1960-
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: 1967.

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Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 028035543
oclc - 18145321
lccn - sn 92034071
Classification:
lcc - HD9282.U3 A35
System ID:
AA00013015:00001

Related Items

Preceded by:
Milk production on farms and statistics of dairy plant products


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Full Text




MILK PRODUCTION
AND DAIRY
PRODUCTS


Annual Statistical Summary --------1960


Da 3 (61)


UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Agricultural Marketing Service
Crop Reporting Board
Washington, D.C.
February 1961






CONTENTS
Page

Summnary...........O..............o.........................OO ..... 3

Milk cows and milk production on fars.............*................ 4
tables:
Milk cows and milk production, by years
united States...............................................
States........... ....************** .... .... 6
Milk production, by months
United States............................................. 5
Selected States.............*............ .................. 7-9
Milk cows for breeding and replacement purposes
United States............................................... 5


Manufactured dairy products: Production, stocks, sales and prices. 11
Tables:
Production
Butter............................... .. ................... 12,13
Cheese.................. ................................... 12-15
Frozen products......*...................................... 12,13
Evaporated and condensed milk............................... 15,16
Dry milk products. .......................................... 16

Stocks
Evaporated and condensed milk............................... 17
Dry milk products.......................................... 17,18

Manufacturing milk prices and milkfat tests
Butter........................ ............................. 18
Cheese...................................................... 18,19
Evaporated mi...................... ................... 19
All.... .................................. ......... ....... 19,20

Manufacturers' selling prices
Evaporated milk............ ................................ 20
Dry milk products.........*** o *.............................. 20-22

Fluid milk and cream: Prices, sales and receipts.................. 23
Tables:
Fluid milk prices
To producers................................................ 24
To consumers.. ....................................... ..... 24,25

Daily sales and test
Whole milk................................................ 26,27
Skim milk products.......................................... 26,27
Milk and cream mixtures ................................... 28,29
Fluid cream................................................. 28,29

Daily receipts*............................................... 30,31

Cold storage holdings of dairy products........................... 31,32


-2-






MILK PRODUCTION AND DAIRY PRODUCTS, 1960 j1


SUMMARY

Milk production in the United States totaled 122,920 million pounds in
1960, about 1 percent more than the revised 1959 production of 121,989 million
pounds. Prior to 1960, milk production had declined fbr 3 consecutive years frn
the record high of 124,860 million pounds in 1956. Annual milk production per
cow set a new record of 7,004 pounds in 1960, up 3 percent from the previous
high in 1959. The average number of milk cows on farms during 1960 declined 2
percent from 1959 to 17,549,000, a record low in the series of estimates
beginning in 1924.

Production of all major manufactured dairy products except evaporated whole
milk, dry skim milk for animal feed, Neufchatel cheese and Limburger cheese was
higher in 1960 than in 1959. Output of total manufactured dairy products was at
a record high level. New record highs were set by total cheese, cottage cheese
both curd and creamed, total frozen products, nonfat dry milk, and dry buttermilk.
Cheese varieties showing new highs were brick and Munster combined, blue mold,
cream, and Italian. Ice cream output was only slightly below the all-time record
high of 1946, while production of ice milk and Mellorine soared to new peaks and
sherbet output was the fourth largest of record. Creamery butter production rose
4 percent over 1959 and canned sweetened condensed whole milk was up for the 4th
consecutive year. On the other hand, output of evaporated whole milk dropped to
the lowest level in 2 decades.

Prices paid by dealers for milk for fluid use in 160 United States markets
during 1960 averaged $5.48 per hundredweight -- 7 cents higher than in 1959.
Single quart home delivery prices at 26.3 cents in 25 major cities on the average
were 0.6 cent higher than the previous year. Estimates of whole milk product
sales (average daily basis) in 65 Federal Order and 6 State marketing areas
during 1960 were fractionally higher than 1959. For skim milk products, estimated
sales in 69 of these markets advanced 6 percent for the period. Milk and cream
mixture sales in 66 of these areas were 3 percent higher. Other cream product
sales in the 66 marketing areas were fractionally lower than in 1959. Average
daily receipts of milk in 74 Federal Order and 5 State marketing areas increased
6 percent from 1959 to 1960. Receipts per producer advanced 8 percent. The
average milkfat test of receipts in 78 of these areas was 3.72 percent in 1960
compared with 3.71 percent in 1959.

By the end of 1960 refrigerated warehouse holdings of creamery butter totaled
77 million pounds, almost two and one-half times the December 31, 1959 stocks.
The 1955-59 average for the month is 75 million pounds. Year-end stocks of total
cheese, at 333 million pounds, were almost 29 million pounds higher than for the
same date a year earlier but 61 million pounds under average. Holdings of cream
showed little change from a year ago with 8 million pounds in storage on
December 31, 1960. Evaporated and condensed milk (bulk and case goods) in
refrigerated warehouses amounted to 34 million pounds by the end of 1960. This
compares with 43 million pounds stored a year earlier and average stocks of
41 million pounds for the date.


1/ This report was prepared in the Dairy Statistics Branch under the
direction of I. E. Wissinger, Chief, and agricultural statisticians W. D. Bormuth,
G. G. Butler, L. W. Haynes, L. W. Wallin, and M. R. Banks.


-3-






MILK COWS AND MILK PRODUCTION, 1960

Milk production in the United States totaled 122,920 million pounds in
1960, about 1 percent more than the revised 1959 production of 121,989 million
pounds. Prior to 1960, milk production had declined for 3 consecutive years
from the record high of 124,860 million pounds in 1956. Annual milk output per
cow increased 3 percent from 1959 to 1960, more than offsetting a 2-percent
decline in milk cow numbers.

Most of the increase of 931 million pounds in U. S. milk production from
1959 to 1960 occurred in the North Atlantic and Western regions which both
had gains of 3 percent. Milk production in the important North Central area
showed little change from 1959. Production increased slightly from 1959 in
the South Atlantic region but dropped 2 percent in the South Central.

Annual milk production per cow set a new record of 7,004 pounds in 1960,
up 189 pounds from the previous high in 1959. Annual U. S. output per cow
has increased 3 to 4 percent each year since 1954. In the East North Central
region, the annual rate increased only 1 percent from 1959, partly due to cold
spring weather which delayed turning out herds on pasture. The increase in
milk per cow was 3 percent in all other regions except the South Atlantic,
where it was 2 percent.

The average number of milk cows on farms during 1960 was 17,549,000, a
record low in the series of estimates beginning in 1924. Milk cow numbers
have decreased each year since 1953, but the decline from 1959 to 1960 was
only 2 percent, compared with 4 to 5 percent in each of the three preceding
years. In the North Atlantic and Western regions, milk cow numbers were
practically unchanged from 1959 to 1960. The decline was only 1 percent in
the East North Central region, but all other regions showed decreases ranging
from 2 to 5 percent.

Revised estimates of milk production for 1955-59

With totals recently available from the 1959 Census of Agriculture taken
by the Bureau of the Census, the Department of Agriculture has now revised
the estimates of milk cow numbers and milk production for 1955-59. Current
estimates are based on information supplied by a sample of dairy farmers
located throughout the United States. Every 5 years these estimates are ad-
justed, if necessary, toward the more complete information obtained by the
Census from all farms.

Estimates of total U. S. milk production have been revised downward as
follows: 1.9 percent for 1959; 1.3 percent for 1958; 1.0 percent for 1957;
0.5 percent for 1956, and 0.1 percent for 1955. The annual average number of
milk cows estimated for 1959 was revised down 7 percent, but a considerable
part of this decrease was offset by an upward revision in the rate of milk
production per cow. The quantity of milk marketed by farmers during 1959 is
expected to be only about one-half percent less than previously estimated.

More detailed information on the revised estimates of milk production as
well as disposition and income from milk, by States, will be published in April.


-4-








Table l.-Milk cows and milk production on farms, United States, 1946-60
Number of Production per Total milk production
Year milk cows milk cow 2/ on farms 2/
on farms i/ Milk Milkfat Quantity Per capital
Thousands Pounds Pounds Mil. lb. Pounds
1946........... 24,089 4,886 194 117,697 832
1947............ 23,329 5,007 199 116,814 810
1948........... 22,336 5,044 200 112,671 768
1949........... 22,024 5,272 209 116,103 778
1950........... 21,944 5,314 210 116,602 769
1951........... 21,505 5,333 210 114,681 743
1952............ 21,338 5,374 210 114,671 730
1953........... 21,691 5,542 215 120,221 753
1954........... 21,581 5,657 219 122,094 752
1955 /... 21,o44 5,842 225 122,945 744
1956 ........ 20,501 6,090 233 124,860 742
1957 ........ 19,774 6,303 240 124,628 728
1958 ........ 18,711 6,585 250 123,220 708
1959 3........ 17,901 6,815 257 121,989 689
1960........... 17,549 7,004 263 122,920 683
I/ Average number on farms during year excluding heifers not yet fresh. 2/ Excludes milk sucked by
calves and milk produced by cows not on farms. 3/ Revised on basis of data from the 1959 Census of
Agriculture and other data which have become available since the original estimates were made.

Table 2.-Milk cattle for breeding and replacement purposes on farms, United States, January 1, 1947-61
Cows and Heifers 1-2 years Heifer calves under Cows and heifers
heifers 2 kept for 1 year kept for eliminated during
Year years old milk cows milk cows year /
and over
kept for Number Per 100 Number Per 100 Number Per 100
milk cows cows cows
Thousands Thousands Number Thousands Number Thousands Number
1947........... 25,842 5,524 21.4 6,317 24.4 6,751 26.1
1948........... 24,615 5,550 22.5 6,004 24.4 6,303 25.6
1949............ 23,862 5,327 22.3 6,081 25.5 5,336 22.4
1950............ 23,853 5,394 22.6 6,208 26.0 5,679 23.8
1951........... 23,568 5,493 23.3 6,337 26.9 6,001 25.5
1952............ 23,060 5,694 24.7 6,481 28.1 5,205 22.6
1953........... 23,549 5,893 25.0 6,479 27.5 5,546 23.6
1954............ 23,896 5,873 24.6 6,392 26.7 6,307 26.4
1955 ........ 23,462 5,786 24.7 6,094 26.0 6,336 27.0
1956 ........ 22,912 5,407 23.6 5,890 25.7 5,994 26.2
1957 ........ 22,325 5,267 23.6 5,699 25.5 6,327 28.3
1958 ........ 21,265 5,126 24.1 5,571 26.2 6,259 29.4
1959 ........ 20,132 5,050 25.1 5,526 27.4 5,655 28.1
1960 2/........ 19,527 5,079 26.0 5,575 28.6 5,315 27.2
1961........... 19,291 5,034 26.1 5,611 29.1
1/ Cows and hiefers 1 year old and over at beginning of year less cows 2 years old and over at end of
year. Includes animals culled out, death losses, and farm slaughter. 2/ Revised.



Table 3.-Milk production on farms, United States, by months, 1955-60 /

ffn millions of pounds

Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Total

1955... 9,181 8,865 10,433 11,087 12,902 12,409 11,352 10,425 9,459 9,166 8,583 9,083 122,945
1956... 9,603 9,539 10,839 11,270 12,626 12,393 11,387 10,465 9,465 9,300 8,730 9,243 124,860
1957... 9,711 9,337 10,807 11,269 12,862 12,296 11,360 10,385 9,362 9,279 8,712 9,248 124,628
1958... 9,722 9,201 10,613 11,009 12,386 12,067 11,101 10,180 9,357 9,352 8,869 9,363 123,220
1959... 9,730 9,208 10,623 11,005 12,230 11,748 10,773 9,963 9,316 9,240 8,778 9,375 121,989
1960... 9,820 9,580 10,663 11,020 12,206 11,689 10,750 10,006 9,352 9,365 8,974 9,495 122,920

1/ Revised.


-5-







Table


4.-Milk cows and milk production on farms, by
average 1949-58. l",' and 1960 1/


States,


State L. cows Milk production Total milk production
ate on farms 2/ per cow 3/ on farms 3/
division v age 1 Average 1)59 1)b Average 1959 1960
division _-1O 4 "-58 1949-58


Me. ..............
:. H. .............
Vt. ..............
Mass. ............
R. I. .............
Conn. ............
N. Y. ............
N. J. .............
Pa. ..............
N. Atl. ........
Ohio..............
Ind. .............
Ill. .............
Mich. ............
Wis. .............
E. N. Cent ....
Minn. ............
Iowa..............
Mo. ..............
N. Dak. ..........
S. Dak. ..........
Nebr. ............
Kans. ............
W. N. Cent ....
Del. ..............
Md. ..............
Va. ..............
W. Va. ...........
N. C. ............
S. C. ............
Ga. ..............
Fla. .............
S. Atl. ........
Ky. ..............
Tenn. ............
Ala. .............
Miss. ............
Ark. .............
La. ..............
Okla. ............
Tex. .............
S. Cent. .......
Mont. ............
Idaho.............
Wyo. .............
Colo. ............
N. Mex. ..........
Ariz. ............
Utah..............
Nev. .............
Wash. ............
Oreg. ............
Calif. ...........
West. ..........
U. S. ..........


Thou-
sands

60
26 B
115
18
106
1,322
148
911


Thou-
sands
95
51
258
95
15
9o
1,245
132
^-":.


Thou-
sands
95
51
258
94
15
89
1,248
132
884


Pounds
6,12?3
6,157
6, 1-
6,911
7,568
6,-'L
7,073
7,737
6,615


Pounds
7,380
7,400
7,200
7,5 J4

8,220
7,840
8,710
7,460


Pounds
7,4oo
7,400
7,420
8,140
8,500
8,310
8,140
9,010
7,700


Million
pounds
666
366
1,657
789
136
722
9,351
1,145
6,031


Million
pounds
701
377
1,058
750
127
740
9,761
1,150
6,587


Million
pounds
703
377
1,914
765
128
740
10,159
1,139
6,807


3,057 2,864 2,866 6,828 7,699 7,949 20,865 22,051 22,782
S ) 92 692 6,333 7,390 7,550 5,435 5,114 5,225
608 446 431 6,141 7,230 7,310 3,690 3,225 3,151
822 603 561 6,223 7,180 7,360 5,072 4,330 4,129
809 650 641 6,666 7,830 7,940 5,366 5,090 5,090
2,234' 2,162 2,163 7,210 8,240 8,300 16,113 17,815 17,953
5,3> 4,553 4,633 6,707 7,813 7,921 35,675 35,574 35,548
1,359 1,270 1,265 6,413 7,850 8,030 8,716 9,970 10,158
1,048 871 851 5,828 6,820 7,010 6,077 5,940 5,966
4" 676 6,.3 4,704 5,470 5,640 4,013 3,698 3,711
360 23- 272 4,866 6,080 6,250 1,746 1,757 1,700
309 259 248 4,488 5,610 5,680 1,383 1,453 1,409
430 340 327 5,192 5,950 5,980 2,221 2,023 1,955
491 349 330 4,847 5,560 5,800 2,357 1,940 1,914
4,855 4,054 3,951 5,483 6,606 6,786 26,512 26,781 26,813
34 28 27 5,728 6,950 7,160 195 195 193
230 218 217 6,052 6,960 7,060 1,390 1,517 1,532
406 337 340 4,914 5,880 6,000 1,931 1,982 2,040
188 138 130 4,260 4,980 5,070 796 687 659
344 279 275 4,758 5,640 5,650 1,626 1,574 1,554
146 115 109 3,995 4,750 4,920 582 546 536
304 230 212 3,804 4,570 4,700 1,147 1,351 996
162 192 195 4,956 6,460 6,700 815 1.240 1.306
1,814 1,537 1,505 4,724 5,720 5,858 8,531 8,792 8,816
585 511 501 4,224 4,900 4,910 2,464 2,504 2,460
611 :.: 486 3,869 4,400 4,530 2,358 2,200 2,202
344 256 244 3,540 3,900 3,940 1,214 998 961
497 388 366 2,885 3,320 3,430 1,429 1,2z8 1,255
357 232 214 3,437 4,150 4,210 1,215 963 901
292 240 232 2,685 3,410 3,630 782 818 842
437 274 256 4,093 5,300 5,550 1,752 1,452 1,421
848 612 575 3,754 4,850 5,090 3.138 2.968 2.927
3,972 3,013 2,874 3,637 4,378 4,513 14,352 13,191 12,969
102 84 79 5,144 5,600 5,870 524 470 464
203 204 202 6,796 7,800 8,140 1,382 1,591 1,644
41 32 31 5,356 6,120 6,190 220 196 192
157 128 125 5,707 6,650 6,960 892 851 370
48 43 42 4,571 5,620 5,760 220 242 242
47 50 50 7,000 9,220 9,220 330 461 461
99 96 95 6,'.:. 7,930 8,040 692 761 764
14 15 16 6,288 7,330 7,440 88 110 119
253 234 233 7,030 7,970 8,510 1,776 1,865 1,983
196 164 162 6,111 6,770 7,060 1,196 1,110 1,144
815 830 830 8,258 9,570 9,770 6,746 7,943 8.109
1,7. 1,880 1,865 7,120 8,298 8,575 14,066 15,600 15,992


21,011


,71 901 17,569


7,5 31 6,815 7,ook


120,0 2 121,989 122.920


- 6 -


1/ Revised on basis of data from the 1959 Census of Agriculture and other data which have become
available since the original estimates were made.
2/ Average number on farms during year excluding heifers not yet fresh.
/ Excludes milk sucked by calves.







Table 5.-Milk production on farms, selected States, by months,
average 1949-58. annual 1959 and 1960 j

New York New Jersey Pennsylvania
Month Average 1959 1960 Avrag 1959 1960 ag 1959 1960
1949-58 1949-58 19_9-58 ____


January..............
February..............
March.................
April.................
May ..................
June...................
July...................
August................
September.............
October................
November..............
December..............
Total................


January...............
February .............
March.................
April.................
May ..................
June..................
July .................
August................
September.............
October................
November..............
December..............
Total...............


January...............
February..............
March.................
April.................
May............. ....
June..................
July...................
August................
September.............
October...............
November..............
December..............
Total...............


January...............
February..............
March.................
April................
May...................
June..................
July...................
August................
September.............
October...............
November..............
December..............
Total


Mil.Ib.
706
670
822
876
1,003
972
814
726
692
716
656
696
9,351


Mil.lb. Mil.lb.
779 815
727 787
868 905
906 940
1,006 1,042
971 963
803 827
715 756
732 745
766 797
714 762
774 820
9,761 10,159


Mil.lb.
95
88
102
101
112
100
92
93
91
92
88
92
1,145


Mil.lb. Mil.lb. Mil.lb.


92
88
101
101
112
100
94
94
91
92
89
96
1,150


99
96
106
105
115
100
95
96
94
95
91
97
1,189


468
442
526
539
615
565
520
502
480
477
439
458
6,031


Mil.lb. Mil.lb.


515
477
585
593
675
615
544
534
520
529
495
505
6,587


546
516
605
604
684
621
553
552
536
541
519
530
6,807


Ohio Indiana Illinois
397 400 424 263 247 241 381 343 327
376 366 400 262 240 240 377 336 329
438 415 431 299 263 262 432 373 356
459 428 438 309 271 264 443 377 362
556 505 511 383 327 315 522 435 417
538 4.0 473 372 315 302 501 416 390
509 447 448 357 293 285 473 396 370
484 427 432 341 287 275 450 371 357
450 419 423 311 264 258 400 336 322
438 424 428 286 254 252 380 329 307
394 392 399 254 233 230 349 303 290
394 411 418 253 231 227 364 315 302
5,435 5,114 5,225 3,690 3,225 3,151 5,072 4,330 4,129
Michigan Wisconsin Minnesota
394 394 388 1,227 1,511 1,473 749 950 952
381 366 371 1,209 1,427 1,453 750 917 972
447 417 425 1,452 1,653 1,648 868 1,040 1,036
460 439 444 1,530 1,695 1,692 860 1,012 1,011
529 481 482 1,742 1,874 1,826 945 1,044 1,063
542 490 464 1,747 1,797 1,795 926 984 1,018
499 439 435 1,504 1,545 1,551 763 811 822
476 435 431 1,297 1,332 1,347 610 614 620
439 419 421 1,116 1,226 1,258 496 537 538
424 415 437 1,080 1,222 1,275 504 574 596
382 393 408 1,041 1,181 1,240 552 655 685
394 402 384 1,168 1,352 1,395 692 832 845
5,366 5,090 5,090 16,113 17,815 17,953 8,716 9,970 10,158
Iowa Missouri North Dakota


455
442
514
528
637
642
595
532
460
440
404
430
6,077


487
462
526
536
606
604
556
493
436
420
383
431
5,940


468
467
520
536
612
614
553
502
437
433
395
429
5,966


269
258
303
347
429
419
410
392
346
314
266
261
4,013


274
260
283
322
385
372
367
350
309
282
251
243
3,698


276
272
288
327
389
379
368
348
305
272
245
242
3,711


ill
121
145
156
192
216
201
167
129
109
96
105
1,746


137
138
157
164
189
191
179
149
121
110
100
122
1,757


138
145
154
155
183
184
167
138
110
106
100
120
1,700


See footnotes at end of table.


-7-







Table 5.-Milk production on farms, selected States, by months,
average 1949-58, annual 1959 and 1)60 1/--Continued

South Dakota Nebraska Kansas
Month Average 1959 1960 Average 1959 196 i Average 1960
1949-58 1949-5 -58
Mil.lb. Mil.lb. Mil.lb. 1Mtil.lb. Mil.lb. Mil.lb. Mil.lb. Mil.lb. Mil.1b.
January............... 92 112 114 159 153 153 178 159 152
February............... 97 117 115 159 151 144 173 146 149
March................. 114 131 123 185 175 157 201 166 158
April................. 121 130 129 201 1:5 178 217 174 166
May................... 154 149 145 241 215 206 248 1''. 194
June.................. 162 152 148 243 211 202 230 174 180
July.................. 151 141 137 226 191 194 212 162 164
August................ 125 117 112 199 172 171 203 156 156
September............. 104 104 100 165 151 146 177 149 148
October............... 91 99 95 152 141 136 172 151 144
November.............. 83 94 89 140 130 123 170 150 147
December.............. 89 107 102 150 148 145 176 158 156
Total............... 1,353 1,453 1,409 2,221 2,023 1,955 2,357 1,940 1,914
Maryland Virginia West Virginia
January............... 111 120 124 139 142 155 55 49 51
February.............. 105 114 119 130 133 143 52 46 48
March................. 117 125 127 148 148 146 60 55 53
April................. 118 127 127 161 158 156 65 58 56
May................... 134 145 145 190 184 189 79 67 64
June.................. 119 130 126 188 179 187 81 66 63
July.................. 114 130 127 189 180 190 79 66 60
August................ 118 133 135 191 187 193 75 62 56
September............. 116 130 130 181 184 186 70 59 55
October............... 117 131 133 170 176 179 67 57 56
November.............. 109 117 121 150 159 161 59 52 51
December.............. 113 115 118 144 152 155 55 50 46
Total............... 1,390 1,517 1,532 1,981 1,982 2,040 796 687 659


January..............
February.............
March................
April................
May..................
June.................
July.................
August...............
September............
October..............
November.............
December.............
Total..............


North Carolina South Carolina Georgia
124 126 118 44 46 44 90 90 82
115 116 116 42 40 40 6 81 77
126 124 121 49 50 47 88 81
140 134 128 52 52 49 103 94 84
155 148 145 54 48 46 105 96 88
146 139 137 51 43 42 100 86 85
150 140 134 52 46 44 101 86 83
146 139 134 53 47 47 99 86 84
140 134 137 49 45 46 96 87 84
133 128 134 47 44 44 93 87 85
124 122 125 44 42 43 87 86 81
126 124 125 45 43 44 89 84 82
1,626 1,574 1,554 582 546 536 1,147 1,051 996
Kentucky Tennessee Alabama


January.............. 153 161 162 152 143 141 89 76 74
February............. 150 155 156 145 133 137 87 70 70
March................ 175 185 184 176 160 159 100 78 74
April................ 206 212 213 206 192 186 108 89 83
May.................. 260 252 248 245 223 222 116 97 91
June................. 258 248 240 238 218 220 113 93 88
July................. 258 252 248 242 222 224 116 93 87
August............... 257 265 252 238 226 223 110 89 85
September............ 224 234 218 210 205 201 101 85 82
October.............. 200 203 197 188 178 181 96 79 79
November............. 168 172 175 163 153 157 89 73 73
December............. 155 165 167 156 147 151 90 76 75
Total.............. 2,464 2,504 2,460 2,358 2,200 2,202 1,214 998 961


See footnotes at end of table.


- 8 -








Table 5.-Milk production on farms, selected States, by months,
average 1949-58, annual 1959 and 1960 !/--Continued

IMississippi Arkansas Oklahoma
Month Average 1959 1960 Average 15c 1960 Average 1959 1960
1949-58 1949-58 1949-58


January................
February.............
March.................
April................
May..................
June..................
July..................
August ................
September.............
October...............
November .............
December..............
Total..............


January ...............
February...............
March.................
April.................
May ..................
June..................
July...................
August ...............
September............
October...............
November.............
December..............
Total..............


January...............
February..............
March ................
April ................
May ..................
June..................
July..................
August...............
September.............
October..............
November..............
December..............
Total..............


January ...............
February..............
March.................
April.................
May...................
June.................
July...................
August................
September............
October..............
November..............
December.............
Total..............


Mil.lb.

97
118
134
151
143
142
132
114
106
97
97
1,429


Mil.lb. Mil.lb.


90
88
101
118
131
126
124
117
109
101
91
92
1,2 -


89
85
94
111
123
119
115
117
113
103
92
94
1,255


Mil. b.
80
78
91
107
127
125
123
119
103
93
86
83
1,215


Mil.lb.
66
64
72
81
99
97
97
92
82
74
71
68
963


Mil.lb.
62
60
67
75
91
90
89
85
77
73
68
64
901


Mil.lb.
129
128
148
161
186
173
164
156
134
130
121
122
1,752


Mil.lb.
110
108
122
128
141
135
128
125
116
116
113
110
1,452


Mil.Ib.
106
112
120
127
139
130
128
118
109
111
110
111
1,421


Texas Montana Idaho
240 240 242 35 35 34 98 119 124
234 233 235 35 33 33 94 112 121
276 272 269 40 37 36 112 131 138
289 261 261 44 41 38 122 140 146
303 268 264 54 50 48 143 159 162
290 267 262 58 50 49 140 154 162
280 262 258 55 47 45 135 151 154
268 261 254 49 41 40 125 142 143
242 226 222 43 37 37 111 125 129
245 227 223 40 35 36 106 121 124
235 226 219 35 32 34 96 115 116
236 225 218 35 32 34 100 122 125
3,138 2,968 2,927 524 470 464 1,382 1,591 1,644
Wyoming Colorado Utah
15.9 14.0 14.2 66 66 70 55 61 63
15.0 13.8 13.9 66 64 68 52 58 60
17.3 15.1 15.1 76 73 72 58 65 67
18.5 16.0 16.3 79 76 73 60 66 68
21.2 18.9 19.3 87 81 80 67 70 72
23.5 21.1 20.2 87 77 79 67 68 69
22.8 20.4 19.2 85 74 79 64 67 66
20.2 17.8 17.0 78 70 74 59 64 63
18.0 15.9 15.2 68 65 67 52 61 59
16.8 15.2 14.5 67 67 69 53 62 61
15.0 13.4 13.1 64 67 68 50 58 57
15.5 14.4 14.0 68 71 71 54 61 59
220 196 192 892 851 870 692 761 764
Washington Oregon California


127
121
142
157
188
180
168
157
143
140
126
127
1,776


137
132
152
164
190
180
168
160
152
149
137
144
1,865


144
143
16o
172
205
193
177
168
160
158
149
154
1,983


76
74
94
112
133
129
123
111
97
89
80
77
1,196


74
69
87
105
124
116
112
103
90
83
74
73
1,110


75
72
90
109
129
123
114
105
93
85
75
74
1,144


506
484
576
606
640
610
614
591
545
542
513
519
6,746


602
560
672
697
730
696
710
695
651
660
630
640
7,943


641
616
700
711
735
700
707
697
659
663
636
644
8,109


-9-


l/ Revised on basis of data from 1959 Census of Agriculture and other data which have become
available since the original estimates were made.









Table 6.-Cows, heifers, and heifer calves kept for milk on farms, January 1,
by States, average 1950-59, 1'ic, and 1961 /
In thousandsJ


Cows and heifers 2 years Heifers 1 to 2 years old Heifer calves under 1 year
State old and over kept for milk kept for milk cows kept for milk cows
and
division Average 1960 1961 Average 1960 1961 Average 1960 1961
i .;Q1- 159 1950-59 1950-59


Me. ..............
N. H ..... .......
Vt. .............
Mass ... ........
R. I ............
Conn. ............
N. Y ...........
N. J ...........
Pa .............
N. Atl. ........
Ohio.............
Ind .............
Ill. ............
Ilich. .............
Wis .............
E. N. Cent ...
Minn ...........
Iowa..............
Mo. .............
N. Dak. ..........
S. Dak. ..........
Nebr. ...........
Kans. ............
W. N. Cent ....
Del .............
Md. .............
Va. .............
W. Va. ...........
N. C ...........
S. C ..... .......
Ga. .............
Fla. ............
S. Atl. ........
Ky ....... .......
Tenn. ............
Ala. .............
Miss. ............
Ark. .............
La. ..............
Okla. ............
Tex. .............
S. Cent. .......
Mont ............
Idaho.............
Wyo. .............
Colo. ............
N. Mex. ..........
Ariz. ...........
Utah..............
Nev .............
Wash. ............
Oreg. ............
Calif. ...........
West. ..........

U. S. ..........


118
68
300
122
19
115
1,440
153
1,000


105
58
285
101
16
97
1,366
140
978


106
58
288
102
15
99
1,393
139
988


3,335 3,146 3,188 760 718 730 791 770 782
,-2 765 757 227 191 191 240 201 209
627 478 473 146 127 122 157 138 127
878 648 616 242 190 177 287 222 211
881 715 694 240 211 205 255 228 228
2,476 2,402 2,426 609 645 651 641 676 696
5,791 5,008 4,966 1,463 1,364 1,346 1,580 1,465 1,471
1,488 1,407 1,407 412 418 418 434 437 454
1,112 943 934 260 255 245 276 261 245
908 723 709 192 187 174 216 202 212
394 305 287 88 65 64 107 74 74
338 281 273 80 55 56 116 83 84
448 356 347 107 91 85 120 98 96
530 390 370 119 101 99 132 112 117
5,216 4,405 4,327 1,258 1,172 1,141 1,401 1,267 1.282
36 30 29 8 7 7 9 7 7
243 230 232 57 56 57 59 58 62
446 382 382 94 96 98 108 106 110
203 148 141 39 30 31 40 34 35
363 305 299 83 88 87 92 95 94
162 122 120 37 30 31 42 35 35
330 240 233 89 62 61 97 68 71
179 213 213 57 59 61 69 68 70
1,963 1,670 1,649 466 428 433 515 471 484
645 561 555 120 139 138 132 146 146
655 532 521 124 117 122 137 133 138
381 270 262 116 78 76 130 84 84
553 425 404 128 113 113 142 130 127
388 241 229 94 59 58 109 65 64
330 277 274 78 66 69 88 77 79
463 289 275 114 79 75 145 93 89
918 649 610 209 165 160 234 190 186
4,333 3,244 3,130 984 816 811 1,117 918 913
1:" 87 82 24 18 18 32 27 25
229 228 221 67 78 78 82 91 93
46 35 33 12 8 8 13 10 9
169 139 135 45 41 41 54 50 50
52 46 45 11 10 11 13 13 12
50 53 53 13 14 14 14 16 17
108 108 107 28 31 31 33 35 35
17 17 18 7 7 7 9 8 8
280 261 261 67 72 75 82 85 87
217 181 177 57 52 50 70 64 67
888 899 899 237 250 240 262 285 276
2,165 2,054 2,031 568 581 573 664 684 679


22,802 19,527


19,291


5,498 5,079


5,034


6,068


M.


5,575 5,611


- 10 -


/ 1950-59 average and estimates for January 1, 1960 revised.


i.ii
iiir







MANUFACTURED DAIRY PRODUCTS, 1960


Previous production records were shattered in 1960 for total cheese,
total frozen products, nonfat dry milk, dry buttermilk, and cottage cheese,
both curd and creamed. Cheese varieties showing new record highs were brick
and Munster combined, blue mold, cream, and Italian. Ice cream production
was the second highest of record, exceeded only by output during the banner
year of 1946. Ice milk and Mellorine continued to set new record highs and
sherbet production was the fourth largest of record.

Creamery butter output in 1960 is estimated at 1,388 million pounds, up
4 percent from the preceding year. Total cheese production, at 1,475 million
pounds, was up 7 percent from 1959 and was a new record high. The combined
total of cheese other than American was 477 million pounds, a gain of 9 per-
cent over 1959 and the highest production of record for these combined
miscellaneous varieties. Swiss cheese output rose to 118 million pounds in
1960, up 6 percent from a year earlier and the second highest annual
production of record.

The combined total of brick and Munster cheese, at 51 million pounds,
was up 7 percent from 1959 and a new record high. Limburger cheese output
was fractionally lower than a year earlier and totaled 3.7 million pounds.
Production of cream cheese reached a new high for the 7th successive year,
with the 100 million pound produced, exceeding the 1959 record by 11 percent.
Output of Italian cheese rose 12 percent from the preceding year while blue
mold increased 7 percent and Neufchatel dropped 11 percent. Creamed cottage
cheese production totaled 771 million pounds, up 4 percent from 1959 and
a record high.

Previous production records were shattered in the frozen dairy products
industry in 1960. Ice cream output totaled 701 million gallons, slightly
above that of a year earlier and only 2 percent below the all-time high set
in 1946. Ice milk production soared to a new high with the 144 million
gallons produced, up 7 percent from 1959. Sherbet output was 42 million
gallons, 3 percent more than a year earlier and the fourth largest of record.
Mellorine production continued steadily upward in 1960 and the 46 million
gallons produced were a gain of 7 percent from the preceding year.

Meanwhile, output of evaporated whole milk declined in 1960 for the
fifth successive year. Production totaled 2,172 million pounds, 4 percent
less than in 1959. On the other hand, production of canned sweetened
condensed whole milk rose 14 percent from a year earlier to 69 million
pounds in 1960. Total nonfat dry milk production continued at a record high
level in 1960. The 1,837 million pounds produced were 7 percent more than
the total for the preceding year. Dry whole milk output at 101 million
pounds was up 2 percent from 1959. Production of dry buttermilk was a record
high 87 million pounds in 1960.


- 11 -




~i~i,,.


sable 7.-Creamery butter American cheese and ice cream: Production, by States 1959-60
Creamery butter American cheese Ice cream
states 1959 1 9~ 1959 1960 1o959- 1960-
_Enumeeration Estimate meratio Estimate Enumeration Estimate
1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000


Maine .......................
New Ham.pshire ...............
Vermont .....................
Massachusetts ...............
Rhode Island ................
Connecticut .............
New York ..................
New Jersey .................
Pennsylvania ................
Other N.A. States ..........
N. Atlantic ...............
Ohio ........................
Indiana ....................
Illinois ..................
Michigan ....................
Wisconsin ..................
E.N. Central ..............
Minnesota ...................
Iowa .......................
Missouri .......... ......
North Dakota ...............
South Dakota ..............
Nebraska ....................
Kansas ......................
Other W.N. Central States ...


pounds
157
1/
1,874
140
-


pounds

2 51
1/
2,755
1/


pounds


6,378


pounds


1/


1/ I/ -
21,504 37,960 34,943 45,020
1 1/ 1/ 1/
12,(81 15,725 323 1/
88 410 290 8,600
-- 36,2 56850 4, 931 53 620
30,205 35,620t 11,167 12,565
14,826 18,480 22, 434 25,500
33,672 37,100 28,474 28,950
36,987 37,080 26,345 26,690
276,748 279,790 431,626 445,530
3921 3" B~j0700 -520, o46 539,235
321,968 324,170 "-1, 109 51,570
171,115 172,100 40,890 38,070
44,871 44,220 83,501 82,680
56,134 59,590 1/ 1/
41,480 40,150 8,159 1/
58,082 56,110 1/
29,831 32,090 13,585 15,820
898 12,045


gallons gallons
5,470 1/
1,149 1/
1,681 1/
28,309 29,330
2,815 1/
8,606 9,155
74,187 75,330
20,519 20,570
74,886 72,690
10, 910
217 622 2"217, 985
U-4,709 43, 50
26,862 27,120
36,771 36,820
33,548 35,150
22 481 22 080
i.i 371 1i5 ,20
17,905 18,110
12,336 12, 145
15,450 15,595
2,562 4,950)
2,292 )
8,707 9,705
6,067 5,960


W.N. Central .............. 723,4li 728,L30 188,14-2 200- 185 -65,319 66,765
District of Columbia ........- 7,618 7,b30
Delaware .................... 3,652 1/
Maryland ................... 3,648 4,985 i/ /13,944 13,610
Virginia .................... 4,130 3,660 / 1/ 11,286 11,555
West Virginia ............... 95 1/ 5,660 5,210
North Carolina .............. 915 945 1/ 1/ 14,375 14,145
South Carolina .............. 138 1/ 3,479 1/
Georgia ..................... 325 / / / 8,383 8,500
Florida ........... ....- 18,904 19,425
Other S.A. States .......... 585 6 503 8 365 7,025
S. Atlantic ....... ....... 9251 10,175 6,503 _8365 87 301 87 7tloo
Kentucky ................... 11,59 13,085 ~ -9,76 9,300 -,66 1/
Tennessee ................ 8,530 9,585 34,397 37,370 15,116 15,160
Alabama ..................... 2,613 2,620 8,485 8,820
Mississippi ................. 3,723 4,525 13,462 13,820 3,380 1/
Arkansas .................... 2,987 3,270 11,681 14,420 2,937 1/
Louisiana ................... 158 1/ 1/ 1/ 9,069 8,495
Oklahoma .................... 18,710 17,455 7,753 7,800 5,648 5,885
Texas ....................... 5,406 5,010 4,219 3,805 18,418 18,740
Other S.C. States .......... 180 206 205 10 815
S. Central ............... 51,12 53,110 124047 129340 7 19 7915
Montana ..................... ..... 7 4720 ,o 3- 4,345 2,378
Idaho ...................... 32,669 34,250 24,818 28,175 2,922
Wyoming ..................... 2,199 2,380 514
Colorado .................... 12,244 12,155 1,106 / 7,369 7,505
New Mexico ................263 / 1,375
Arizona ..................... 1/ 3,283
Utah ........... ..... 7,16 7,565 6,469 6,930 3,864 1
Nevada ..................... 451 1/ 695
Other Mt. States ... ..... 607 1 65 990 -- 15,375
Mountain .................. 02~ ~ 2 335 36,31 227I00 -- 22 0'
Washington ................. 221,723 2,90 ,7 12,b75
Oregon ..................... 11,875 12,770 20,026 20,250 5,489 5,550
California ................ 29 457 34 000 3,395 3 410 55787 55, 160
Pacific ..................... I.... 73 69,obl 2545 1i4 2, 350 72,990 73 385
United States ............. 133- 38,9 -9.247 21 997,535 97 922 70o75-
Tl-roduction data for this State are included in ''Oter Statesr and the total for this region.


- 12 -








Table 8.-Specified dairy products: Production, United States, by months, 1956-60 o/

Ice cream Ice milk
Month 1960 l4oO
1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 hge. 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 ge.
from_1959
1959 E959


1,000
gallons
39,939
43,222
49,306
50,006
62,590
68,961
70,130
71,058
53,207
50,706
43,818
38,390


1,000
gallons
41,856
42,947
48,715
53,811
62,726
67,237
77,088
70,351
55,367
48,668
41,235
40,582


1,000 1,000 1,000 Per-
gallons gallons gallons cent


43,206
40,221
47,239
55,239
62,014
66,803
73,967
70,963
58,623
53,031
43,199
42,670


42,611
44,366
53,165
56,996
64,097
74,192
78,713
74,929
65,301
52,985
44,606
45,961


44,230 +
47,295 +
54,o40 +
57,770 +
63,575 -
74,585 +
73,585 -
76,510 +
65,635 +
51,990 -
47,240 1+
44,195 -


1,000
gallons
4,206
4,599
6,799
8,232
11,488
13,070
13,757
13,676
9,816
7,770
5,302
4,337


1,000
gallons
4,786
5,189
7,147
9,631
12,337
13,834
15,807
14,573
10,271
7,380
5,289
4,921


1,000 1,000 1,000 IPer-
gallons gallons gallons cent


5,202
5,045
7,132
10,017
12,813
13,987
15,751
15,319
11,603
8,964
6,003
5,460


5,542
6,129
8,926
11,196
14,192
16,634
18,371
17,359
13,035
9,696
6,821
6,390


6,255
6,910
9,030
12,085
15,000
18,655
19,180
18,590
14,315
10,065
7,520
6,360


Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.

Year




Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.

Year






Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.

Year


1,413,344 1,389,575 1
1,414,060 1,333,623


.,387,980


4 1,387,692


1,407,423


1,399,38


4 1,474,550 +
1,381,559


1/1956-59 from enumerations, 1960 are revised estimates.
E/Excludes cottage and full skim American.


- 13 -


641,333 650,583 657,175 697,922 700,650 0 103,052 111,165 117,296 134,291 143,965 + 7


Milk sherbet Mellorine

1,464 1,684 1,706 1,696 1,840 + 8 1,862 1,945 2,243 2,273 2,595 + 14
1,618 1,742 1,613 1,853 2,090 + 13 2,095 2,187 2,341 2,464 2,920 + 19
2,260 2,399 2,217 2,621 2,690 + 3 2,728 2,512 2,767 3,360 3,400 + 1
2,795 3,045 3,214 3,366 3,505 + 4 2,759 2,866 3,425 3,618 3,915 + 8
4,132 4,173 4,208 4,371 4,375 0 3,540 3,520 4,120 4,173 4,405 + 6
5,278 5,102 4,831 5,460 5,490 + 1 3,767 3,591 4,397 4,850 5,325 + 10
5,097 5,856 5,607 5,972 5,750 4 3,826 4,361 4,782 5,034 4,990 1
4,729 4,746 4,748 5,188 5,435 + 5 3,837 4,034 4,475 4,736 5,395 + 14
2,895 2,887 3,104 3,777 4,000 + 6 2,887 3,024 3,819 4,167 4,300 + 3
2,282 2,076 2,498 2,480 2,580 + 4 2,767 2,491 3,022 3,204 3,520 + 10
1,784 1,529 1,749 1,799 1,940 + 8 1,841 1,846 2,234 2,375 2,760 + 16
1,387 1,473 1,573 1,819 1,860 + 2 1,564 1,784 2,065 2,402 2,205 8

35,721 36,712 37,068 40,402 41,555 + 3 33,473 34,161 39,690 42,656 45,730 + 7


Creamery butter (including whey butter) Total cheese 2/

1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds
114,626 115,457 117,800 116,451 118,640 + 2 96,652 100,062 98,478 100,512 100,690 o
114,146 110,410 113,234 108,859 120,110 + 10 96,460 96,824 94,948 96,393 103,470 + 7
129,598 124,685 129,231 121,425 131,405 + 8 117,388 116,528 115,853 117,791 121,410 + 3
135,434 132,370 130,971 127,941 129,740 + 1 127,154 131,605 127,171 127,949 131,915 + 3
151,926 159,448 151,877 143,756 148,705 + 3 152,866 161,294 155,470 155,391 156,485 + 1
148,995 148,192 144,565 136,105 143,000 + 5 155,785 159,089 156,981 152,053 157,035 + 3
127,581 125,886 126,226 112,550 116,985 + 4 133,465 137,175 135,150 129,741 135,255 + 4
109,782 107,013 98,616 91,544 97,990 + 7 118,172 119,668 116,057 113,942 120,635 + 6
92,417 90,208 87,039 83,362 83,985 + 1 104,785 100,798 103,913 103,798 108,905 + 5
93,144 100,406 92,652 92,224 94,600 + 3 97,867 98,685 101,625 96,878 110,585 + 14
92,334 94,191 90,075 91,360 93,620 + 2 90,533 88,486 93,653 88,256 106,985 + 21
103,361 105,794 107,289 108,046 109,200 + 1 96,565 97,209 100,085 98,855 121,180 + 23








Table ..-Specified dairy products: Production, United States, by months, 1956-60 /--Continued

American cheese 3" Swiss cheese
Month 1960 1960
1956 1 7 1' 1959 -196- c 15 1957 13 1959 i9
1959 fro1959
1959, 1959


1,000


65,387
81,144
93,277
115,203
120,260
101,632
87,550
74,701
65,891
59,393
62,669


1,000
pounds
66,991
66,983
82,563
96,113
125,709
124,417
105,574
90,114
72,701
68,084
59,056
63,423


1,000 1,000
pounds pounds
65,2 64,815
63,766 62,752
78,159 77,176
90,704 90,413
116,714 115,271
117,785 113,709
100,144 94,516
84,847 81,394
71,610 69,984
66,673 61,o85
59,857 52,575
62,232 58,557


1,000
pounds
61,500
65,850
78,645
92,775
113,925
114,030
97,150
84,135
72,375
71,235
67,925
77,990


rer-
cent
-5
+ 5
+ 2
+ 3
- 1
0
+ 3
+ 3
+ 3
+ 17
+ 29
+ 33


1,000
pounds

8,697
10,322
10,947
13,207
13,075
11,762
10,886
9,976
9,517
8,070
8,268


1,000
pounds

7,557
8,644
8,920
11,253
10,469
9,313
8,301
7,171
7,388
6,354
6,657


1,000
pounds
7,032
6,950
8,561
9,234
11,690
11,870
10,908
9,436
8,267
8,317
7,395
7,454


1,000
pounds
7,918
7,397
9,018
10,103
12,399
12,141
10,722
9,015
8,664
8,598
7,639
8,351


1,000
pounds
-, 990
8,430
9,360
9,750
12,145
12,255
11,470
10,420
9,190
9,055
8,295
8,975


Per-
cent
+14I
+14
+ 4
- 3
- 2
+ 1
+ 7
+ 16
+ 6
+ 5
+ 9
+ 7


Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.

Year




Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.

Tear




Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.

Year


76,390 77,570


84,058 90,381 100,495 +


1956-59 from enumerations, 1960 are revised estimates.
/Mhole milk cheese including Cheddar, OolTf, wased
ut Jack, Mort*m sla an9u r s se.


11,529


11,178 10,850


8,422


7,515 11


- 14 -


991,254 1,021,728 977,973 942,247 997,535 + 6 L23,216 100,048 107,114 111,965 118,335 + 6

Brick and Munster cheese Limburger cheese

3,858 3,885 3,923 4,211 4,435 + 5 425 427 334 375 300 20
3,406 3,535 3,627 3,739 4,070 + 9 398 369 293 340 275 19
3,718 3,873 4,019 4,251 4,075 4 388 415 375 345 375 + 9
4,132 3,815 4,187 4,212 4,485 + 6 343 395 372 338 315 7
4,220 4,396 4,700 4,476 5,100 + 14 337 418 356 334 390 + 17
4,176 4,280 4,552 3,817 4,775 + 25 364 355 326 400 325 19
3,743 3,831 3,834 3,730 4,105 + 10 397 263 325 344 210 39
3,551 3,516 3,557 3,803 3,810 0 375 335 286 257 270 + 5
3,593 3,348 3,603 3,676 3,815 + 4 403 294 264 171 330 + 93
3,548 3,792 4,217 3,957 4,275 + 8 432 418 248 222 325 + 46
3,587 3,400 3,829 3,841 4,170 + 9 394 332 196 261 330 + 26
3,681 3,581 4,116 4,325 .4,070 6 386 350 232 325 260 20

45,213 45,252 48,164 48,038 51,185 + 7 4,642 4,371 3,607 3,712 3,705 0


Cream cheese Neufchatel cheese

7,426 7,613 7,584 7,184 8,555 + 19 930 1,179 1,281 1,082 715 34
6,090 5,780 6,471 6,923 8,025 + 16 772 853 1,202 833 605 27
7,012 6,800 7,797 8,831 10,615 + 20 839 701 903 869 645 26
5,664 7,022 6,753 7,077 6,560 7 876 887 721 706 615 13
6,583 5,376 5,929 6,182 7,205 + 17 703 762 591 934 550 41
5,525 5,928 6,331 6,514 8,175 + 25 984 1,024 860 585 555 5
5,135 5,853 5,990 6,717 6,575 2 1,003 929 832 358 595 + 66
5,502 5,429 5,325 5,857 6,705 + 14 1,036 969 652 493 470 5
5,573 5,937 6,764 7,142 7,905 + 11 1,043 837 771 584 540 8
6,677 6,329 7,495 8,171 8,975 + 10 1,132 1,044 1,118 726 890 + 23
7,019 6,884 8,095 9,411 9,675 + 3 1,215 950 853 636 640 + 1
8,184 8,619 9,524 10,372 11,525 + 11 996 1,043 1,066 616 695 + 13








Table 8.-Specified dairy products: Production, United States, by months, 1956-60 1/--Continued

Italian cheese Blue mold cheese

Month 1960 1960
1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 chge. 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 chge.
from from
1959 1959


1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds


9,042
8,852
10,020
11,099
9,874
9,277
8,555
8,326
8,049
8,903
8,840
10,783


10,090
9,886
12,835
11,847
11,977
11,745
9,966
9,254
9,742
10,503
10,502
12,210


11,820
11,493
14,145
12,067
12,405
11,512
10,333
10,376
10,823
11,231
10,928
13,180


12,975
13,060
14,185
14,070
13,485
13,110
11,780
12,055
11,795
12,785
12,880
14,320


Per-
cent

+ 10
+ 14
0
+ 17
+ 9
+ 14
+ 14
+ 16
+ 9
+ 14
+ 18
+ 9


1,000
pounds

1,000
951
902
823
964
921
729
788
812
895
907
971


1,000
pounds

986
887
1,020
993
1,094
1,103
880
787
606
812
815
881


1,000 1,000 1,000
pounds pounds pounds

887 992 1,085
892 943 1,020
1,034 1,071 1,095
1,056 1,049 1,180
1,158 1,094 1,200
1,177 1,161 1,265
992 1,166 1,235
760 996 995
798 884 905
885 838 895
836 941 990
972 1,052 1,130


Per-
cent

+ 9
+ 8
+ 2
+ 12
+ 10
+ 9
+ 6
0
+ 2
+ 7
+ 5
+ 7


Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.

Year




Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.

Year




Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.

Year


663,526 693,526 708,105 744,180 771,2301 +


1/1956-59 from enumerations, 1960 are revi,
5/Excludes cottage and full-skim American.


424510,414
I


2,447,637 2,298,332 2,267,961 2,172,200 -


sed estimates.


. 1.


- 15 -


8,404
8,763
10,935
8,996
9,483
8,571
7,426
6,913
6,993
7,882
7,957
9,415


101,738 111,620 130,557 140,313 156,500 + 12 10,663 10,864 11,447 12,187 12,995 + 7


Other varieties of cheese 4/ Cottage cheese curd

1,973 1,918 1,865 2,115 2,135 + 1 37,779 42,477 42,990 44,772 45,070 + 1
1,996 2,008 1,861 1,973 2,135 + 8 42,837 41,698 44,526 48,638 47,770 2
2,128 2,492 2,170 2,085 2,415 + 16 53,078 53,619 53,094 54,414 57,885 + 6
2,096 2,361 2,297 1,984 2,165 + 9 46,886 49,970 49,791 49,830 52,655 + 6
2,166 2,412 2,355 2,296 2,485 + 8 49,906 51,413 50,991 51,922 53,450 + 3
1,909 2,236 2,335 2,214 2,545 + 15 48,071 48,847 47,836 51,468 52,685 + 2
1,638 1,977 2,159 1,855 2,135 + 15 44,784 47,729 47,410 49,702 50,500 + 2
1,571 1,891 1,940 1,751 1,775 + 1 43,646 45,520 45,215 47,448 50,775 + 7
1,691 1,855 2,094 1,870 2,050 + 10 42,849 42,158 43,503 46,365 48,960 + 6
1,893 1,915 2,169 2,050 2,150 + 5 44,822 43,130 44,993 47,026 48,320 + 3
1,991 1,855 2,090 2,024 2,080 + 3 40,824 40,648 41,762 43,750 44,810 + 2
1,995 1,872 2,279 2,077 2,215 + 7 39,170 39,244 40,100 42,914 43,885 + 2

23,047 24,792 25,614 24,294 26,285 + 8 534,652 546,453 552,211 578,249 596,765 + 3


Creamed cottage cheese Evaporated milk

46,028 53,946 55,013 57,356 58,480 + 2 16,751 161,282 143,712 143,439 132,900 7
52,780 52,768 57,106 63,005 61,775 2 171,006 169,493 136,376 140,356 136,900 2
65,926 68,618 68,238 69,496 77,250 + 11 208,810 211,506 176,006 182,391 169,300 7
56,722 63,571 63,373 64,317 68,640 + 7 240,078 246,819 207,631 209,280 202,600 3
60,890 63,478 64,694 65,950 68,165 + 3 300,088 312,071 280,197 271,993 264,000 3
58,461 61,054 60,238 65,488 68,340 + 4 302,282 278,722 270,787 270,003 245,600 9
55,410 60,986 61,615 65,281 65,620 + 1 66,99 243,166 250,497 235,329 207,200 12
55,675 58,424 57,618 61,391 64,960 + 6 32,599 213,993 216,293 216,557 203,300 6
54,022 54,088 56,238 59,827 63,075 + 5 9,258 170,187 184,702 185,062 171,000 8
56,915 55,067 58,890 61,109 61,095 0 63,928 161,601 161,624 152,655 160,500 + 5
51,786 52,081 53,289 55,769 57,485 + 3 146,067 136,803 131,902 124,176 139,200 + 12
48,911 49,445 51,793 55,191 56,345 + 2 54,295 141.994 138,605 136,720 139,700 + 2








Table 8.-Specified dairy products: Production, United States,
by months, 1956-60 /-- Continued


Condensed whole milk (case goods) Dry whole milk

1960 1960
Month 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 cge 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 ch
fr199 from
1959 1959


1,000

3,129
4,267
4,005
4,616
5,257
6,789
7,076
7,383
6,334
6,571
6,705
7,593


1,000
pounds
7,270
8,193
6,413
7,427
3,768
3,384
5,569
4,024
3,387
4,051
3,151
3,223


1,000
pounds
4,107
2,650
4,246
6,376
6,372
5,912
5,484
4,387
5,128
4,344
3,862
4,186


1,000
pounds
4,220
4,877
5,233
5,311
5,728
6,106
5,812
5,132
4,924
4,463
4,363
4,477


1,000
pounds
5,025
5,000
6,115
6,675
6,140
6,225
5,880
5,860
5,815
6,085
5,725
4,806


Per-
cent
+19
+3
+17
+26
+ 7
+2
+1
+14
+18
+36
+31
+ 1


1,000
pounds
7,930
8,840
9,719
10,284
11,235
10,918
10,051
9,027
8,408
7,676
7,016
9,161


1,000
pounds
8,162
6,881
7,683
8,930
11,248
10,475
10,151
8,239
7,210
8,521
7,120
8,554


1,000
pounds
7,954
6,301
6,637
7,392
8,942
8,927
7,194
7,119
7,378
7,738
6,178
5,942


1,000 1,000 Per-
pounds pounds cent


7,673
7, 24 3
8,641
8,687
9,636
9,200
7,859
7,087
7,637
8,839
7,434
9,138


8,450
7,650
9,600
9,700
9,900
9,300
7,700
7,200
8,250
8,900
6,700
7,800


Jan..
Feb..
Mar**
Apr..
May. .
June.
July.
Aug..
Sept.
Oct..
Nov..
Dec..

Year.




Jan..
Feb..
Mar..
Apr..
May..
June.
July.
Aug..
Sept.
Oct..
Nov..
Dec..

Year.





Jan..
Feb..
Mar..
Apr..
May..
June.
July.
Aug..
sept.
Oct..
Nov..
Dec..

Year.


19,262 21,203 21,182 23,187 22,550


64,269 70,358 77,160 81,475 87,050 + 7


4/ 1956-59 from enumerations, 1960 are revised estimates.

16 -


69,725 59,860 57,054 60,646 69,351 +14 110,315 103,174 87,702 99,129 101,150 + 2


Spray-dried nonfat milk for human food Total nonfat dry milk for human food

102,620 116,140 126,921 130,034 139,000 + 7 115,069 125,879 138,2-3 139,459 150,300 + 8
105,656 114,321 122,088 124,636 146,000 +17 118,997 123,94- 132,451 133,733 158,400 +18
126,431 137,278 146,596 147,682 156,500 + 6 142,660 149,012 159,671 159,720 170,200 + 7
137,782 149,593 156,715 164,825 169,000 + 3 158,396 165,508 172,461 179,953 185,500 + 3
153,265 183,128 187,753 192,614 203,000 + 5 179,056 209,366 210,506 213,039 224,600 + 5
151,732 169,596 134,339 179,816 192,000 + 7 179,439 192,472 207,397 199,442 211,000 + 6
120,359 130,686 143,003 134,722 146,000 + 3 136,518 143,899 156,145 147,360 158,350 + 7
89,412 102,312 104,06o 102,552 111,800 + 9 99,771 112,122 114,028 110,955 121,650 +10
74,462 78,724 83,133 83,099 91,000 + 3 81,722 85,453 90,650 95,769 98,800 + 3
75,110 90,154 90,3'.1 92,573 102,300 +11 81,228 98,401 99,219 99,882 110,000 +10
79,782 883,815 95,446 97,672 103,300 + 6 85,621 95,407 102,508 104,817 110,300 + 5
102,271 113,223 117,923 125,857 129,600 + 3 111,417 122,407 126,340 136,056 138,350 + 2

4313,882 1,558,918 1,689,500 L,489,894 1,709,664 1,837,450
1,473,970 1,581,112 + 7 1,623,880 1,720,185 + 7


Dry skim milk for animal feed Dry buttermilk

1,500 1,451 1,608 2,189 1,720 -21 5,169 5,568 6,482 7,203 7,950 +10
1,465 1,525 1,651 1,645 2,000 +22 5,674 5,513 6,435 6,596 7,600 +15
1,637 1,483 1,854 1,903 2,050 + 8 6,206 6,403 7,394 7,490 8,950 +19
1,847 1,700 1,831 2,016 1,950 3 6,272 6,543 7,182 7,811 8,300 + 6
2,133 2,538 2,279 2,314 2,350 + 2 6,998 7,904 8,426 8,528 9,550 +12
2,359 2,339 1,991 2,339 2,300 2 6,948 7,386 7,958 8,229 9,300 +13
1,880 2,088 1,984 2,047 1,850 -10 5,615 6,322 7,152 6,796 7,300 + 7
1,550 1,749 1,616 1,833 1,660 9 4,656 5,343 5,400 5,243 5,700 + 9
1,116 1,638 1,578 1,756 1,550 -12 4,081 4,219 4,521 4,803 4,700 2
1,130 1,765 1,531 1,727 1,220 -29 4,010 4,930 4,893 5,763 5,400 6
1,324 1,438 1,485 1,637 1,850 +13 3,991 4,736 4,995 5,767 5,450 5
1,321 1,4.9 1,774 1,781 2,050 +15 4,649 5,491 6,322 7,246 6,850 5








Table 9.-Evaporated, condensed, and dry milk products: Manufacturers' reported
stocks at end of month, United States, 1956-60 1/
i .


January........
February........
March..........
April..........
May............
June...........
July...........
August.........
September......
October........
Tlovjmber.......
December........






January........
February.......
March.........
April..........
lay............
June...........
July...........
August.........
September......
October........
November........
December ......






January ........
February .......
Mrch..........
April..........
My. ...........
June.... .......
July...........
September.....
October........
November ......
December.......


Evaporated whole milk (case goods)


1956 1957


1,000
pounds
156,759
110,578
111,413
124,880
168,481
311,933
401,894
434,536
425,545
383,636
310,371
224,025


1,000
pounds
156,396
123,699
83,250
154,153
244,663
366,927
421,722
433,666
428,368
379,641
262,925
215,465


Condensed whole milk (case goods)


1958 1959 1960 1956 1957 1953 1959 1960


1,000
pounds
158,966
106,973
87,190
106,829
186,490
270,743
333,421
373,684
387,966
353,048
274,851
190,997


1,000
pounds
136,023
92,420
84,242
106,198
197,752
288,979
332,895
375,354
383,959
325,095
279,023
224,991


1,000
pounds
178,131
135,954
95,491
112,475
206,758
261,179
302,101
364,741
341,169
319,174
293,379
218,315


1,000
pounds
6,222
3,230
8,133
7,038
6,873
7,550
7,937
8,192
8,761
9,335
10,391
9,649


1,000
pounds
9,117
9,559
9,149
9,227
9,547
9,416
8,406
7,517
7,533
6,634
6,469
5,o34


1,000
pounds
5,384
4,287
5,501
6,308
6,744
3,136
7,346
5,838
7,440
5,956
5,604
4,840


1,000
pounds
3,513
3,791
5,116
4,859
5,722
6,44'1
5,715
5,666
6,913
5, 412
4,270
5,103


1,000
pounds
3,718
4,596
5,517
5,436
6,435
6,255
4,856
5,467
5,484
5,835
6,262
6,533


Dry whole milk 2/ Spray-dried nonfat milk for human food


8,959 10,480 9,414 6,390 6,814 78,605 79,984 79,332 81,868 93,382
8,914 10,379 7,284 6,203 6,793 76,137 77,473 74,138 75,744 98,092
8,290 9,578 7,503 6,025 6,822 85,489 75,135 78,460 74,468 92,756
8,524 9,758 3,178 6,235 5,753 94,252 87,381 72,729 82,064 100,262
11,437 12,014 8,971 7,573 6,848 114,915 121,528 10C,871 114,612 135,925
12,062 13,552 10,067 7,055 7,951 134,315 144,205 121,942 130,319 142,640
15,192 13,941 10,123 7,490 7,205 126,326 132,379 112,869 118,066 133,849
14,313 12,736 9,139 7,282 6,405 105,046 112,205 93,832 102,592 115,755
13,118 11,095 9,515 4,919 5,254 86,034 92,280 79,861 89,273 95,173
11,725 11,671 9,273 5,724 4,892 67,161 81,787 69,962 79,781 93,881
11,390 11,013 7,282 5,343 5,550 61,167 74,745 69,858 79,990 87,360
10,757 8,964 6,204 6,486 6,890 67,851 77,379 79,701 90,555 88,917



Roller-dried nonfat milk for human food Total nonfat dry milk for human food

ii ii ~ I i


15,532
14,523
16,906
18,425
22,886
30,380
29,923
26,361
23,254
17,650
13,440
9,943


8,184
6,110
5,589
8,190
18,202
23,569
22,327
19,341
14,743
11,017
8,508
8,309


8,468
8,607
10,808
12,107
18,679
22,579
21,614
20,104
15,454
12,421
9,886
7,812


5,680
4,122
4,485
6,279
10,475
14,503
14,186
12,080
9,375
7,134
5,366
6,024


6,824
7,627
8,939
12,052
17,455
19,705
23,033
21,371
18,622
16,366
14,330
14,160


94,137
90,660
102,395
112,677
137,801
164,695
156,249
131,407
109,288
84,811
74,607
77,794


88,168
83,583
80,724
95,571
139,730
167,774
154,706
131,546
107.023
92,804
83,253
85,688


87,800
82,745
89,268
84,836
119,550
144,521
134,483
113,936
95,315
82,383
79,744
87,513


87,548
79,866
78,953
88,343
125,087
144,822
132,252
114,672
98,648
86,915
85,356
96,579


100,206
105,719
101,695
112,314
153,380
162,345
156,882
137,126
113,795
110,247
101,690
103,077


I 1960 revised to Include data for firms not reporting previously.

2/ Includes packaged goods.

17 -








Table 9.-Evaporated, condensed, and dry milk products: Manufacturers' reported
stocks at end of month, United States, 1956-60 l/--Continued


Dry skim milk for animal feed Dry buttermilk
Month
Month 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1956 1957 1958 1969 1960
1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds
January....... 799 1,185 729 635 650 4,629 4,942 4,645 4,973 6,133
February...... 817 1,145 738 537 723 4,552 4,784 5,4-2 4,916 7,609
March.......... 949 1,C: 705 570 723 6,042 5,770 6,033 5,912 8,46?
April......... 1,241 1,065 662 6 839 6,148 6,436 6,396 6,224 8,709
May........... 1,4-6 1,526 933 903 1,299 6,016 7,431 6,994 6,694 10,774
June.......... 1,831 1,653 1,015 1,076 1,427 6,412 7,716 7,160 7,319 11,843
July .......... 1, r1 1,826 1,136 1,122 1,626 6,617 7,878 7,718 7,022 11,929
A'ugst........ 1,896 1,695 1,140 1,133 1,836 5,924 7,412 6,740 5,886 11,253
September...... 1,.-- 1,401 943 1,018 1,474 5,417 5,778 5,249 4,646 8,647
October....... 1,302 1,181 766 691 1,489 5,038 5,022 4,253 4,369 7,826
November....... 1,126 '1 554 680 1,224 4,865 4,146 3,906 4,696 6,801
December...... 1,085 936 569 563 1,188 4,210 4,414 4,104 5,166 6,443

l/ 1960 revised to include data for firms not reporting previously.



Table 10.-Milk used in manufactured dairy products: Average milkfat test
and prices paid by plants, United States, by months, 1959-60

Butter and byproducts i/ Total cheese
Month Milk price Average Milkfat price Milk price Average Milkfat price
per cwt. fat test per pound per ect. fat test per pound

1959 1960 1959 1960 1959 1960 1959 1 1960 1959 1960 1959 196
Dollars Percent Dollars Dollars Percent Dollars
January....... 3.15 3.22 3.76 3.76 .84 .86 3.20 3.31 3.81 3.83 .84 .86
February ..... 3.08 3.17 3.70 3.69 .83 .86 3.14 3.26 3.74 3.75 .84 .87
March ........ 3.05 3.14 3.64 3.68 .84 .85 3.06 3.20 3.69 3.71 .83 .86
April ........ 3.02 3.10 3.62 3.64 .83 .85 3.00 3.07 3.66 3.67 .82 .84
May .......... 3.01 3.06 3.63 3.64 .83 .84 2.98 3.05 3.67 3.70 .81 .82
June ......... 3.00 3.06 3.63 3.63 .83 .84 2.98 3.05 3.68 3.69 .81 .83
July ......... 3.03 3.10 3.66 3.67 .83 .84 3.02 3.08 3.71 3.71 .81 .83
August ....... 3.12 3.15 3.72 3.73 .84 .84 3.09 3.18 3.77 3.77 .82 .84
September .... 3.26 3.32 3.84 3.85 .85 .86 3.20 3.41 3.87 3.86 .83 .88
October ...... 3.37 3.39 3.95 3.91 .85 .87 3.35 3.63 3.99 3.96 .84 .92
November ..... 3.43 3.42 3.95 3.90 .87 .88 3.44 3.66 4.00 3.98 .86 .92
December ..... 3.33 3.36 3.84 3.82 .87 .88 3.41 3.63 3.93 3.93 .87 .92

American cheese 1/ Swiss cheese
January ...... 3.20 3.35 3.85 3.88 .83 .86 3.24 3.26 3.72 3.72 .87 .88
February ..... 3.15 3.29 3.78 3.79 .83 .87 3.17 3.21 3.63 3.67 .87 .87
March ........ 3.07 3.23 3.73 3.75 .82 .86 3.09 3.17 3.58 3.62 .86 .88
April ........ 3.01 3.07 3.70 3.71 .81 .83 3.01 3.06 3.53 3.55 .85 .86
May ......... 2.99 3.06 3.72 3.75 .80 .82 3.00 3.01 3.51 3.53 .85 .85
June ......... 2.99 3.07 3.73 3.74 .80 .82 2.97 2.97 3.47 3.48 .86 .85
July ......... 3.03 3.10 3.77 3.77 .80 .82 3.01 3.02 3.52 3.51 .86 .86
August ....... 3.11 3.21 3.83 3.83 .81 .84 3.06 3.09 3.56 3.56 .86 .87
September ... 3.22 3.46 3.94 3.93 .82 .88 3.18 3.31 3.66 3.67 .87 .90
October ...... 3.38 3.69 4.08 4.04 .83 .91 3.35 3.47 3.80 3.76 .88 .92
November ..... 3.47 3.70 4.08 4.05 .85 .91 3.41 3.54 3.84 3.83 .89 .92
December ..... 3.44 3.66 3.98 3.98 .86 .92 3.37 3.53 3.82 3.81 .88 .93
See footnotes at end of table.


- 18 -








1able 10.-Milk used in manufactured dairy products: Average milkfat test
and prices paid by plants, United States, by months, 1959-60 --Continued

Brick and Munster cheese Italian cheese

Milk price Average Milkfat price Milk price Average Milkfat price
per cwt. fat test per pound per cwt. fat test per pound

1959 1960 1959 1960 1959 1960 1959 1960 1959 1960 1959 1960


January ...
February ..
arch .....
April .....
May .......
June ......
July ......
August ....
September .
October ...
November ..
December ..



January ...
February ..
March ....,
April .....
May .......
June ......
July ......
August ....
September .
October ...
November ..
December ..



January ...
February ..
March .....
April .....
May .......
June ......
July ......
August ....
September .
October ...
November ..
December ..


Dollars


3.13
3.08
3.02
2.97
2.93
2.90
2.96
3.00
3.13
3.26
3.35
3.32


3.21
3.15
3.08
3.00
2.95
2.94
3.00
3.06
3.35
3.61
3.68
3.62


Percent


3.68
3.60
3.57
3.51
3.53
3.49
3.53
3.57
3.67
3.82
3.85
3.78


Dollars


3.69
3.62
3.58
3.54
3.52
3.51
3.57
3.60
3.68
3.81
3.85
3.78


3.22
3.17
3.12
3.08
3.03
3.01
3.05
3.12
3.23
3.35
3.41
3.42


Dollars


3.34
3.30
3.27
3.18
3.14
3.14
3.17
3.23
3.45
3.65
3.69
3.70


Percent


3.75
3.68
3.65
3.61
3.59
3.61
3.63
3.64
3.73
3.83
3.85
3.83


Dollars


3.78
3.72
3.69
3.66
3.66
3.66
3.66
3.69
3.75
3.81


All other cheese Total types cheese other than American


3.14 3.18 3.80 3.80 .83 .84 3.19 3.25 3.75 3.76 .85 .86
3.07 3.10 3.72 3.70 .83 .84 3.13 3.20 3.67 3.69 .85 .87
2.96 3.03 3.63 3.65 .82 .83 3.05 3.14 3.62 3.65 .84 .86
2.91 2.94 3.60 3.60 .81 .82 2.99 3.06 3.57 3.60 .84 .85
2.90 2.93 3.58 3.61 .81 .81 2.97 3.02 3.55 3.59 .84 .84
2.88 2.91 3.57 3.58 .81 .81 2.95 3.00 3.54 3.56 .83 .84
2.92 2.95 3.63 3.62 .80 .81 2.99 3.o4 3.58 3.59 .84 .85
3.01 3.02 3.73 3.69 .81 .82 3.06 3.11 3.63 3.64 .84 .85
3.13 3.21 3.81 3.77 .82 .85 3.17 3.32 3.73 3.73 .85 .89
3.27 3.46 3.94 3.90 .83 .89 3.31 3.53 3.86 3.83 .86 .92
3.37 3.53 3.96 3.96 .85 .89 3.39 3.59 3.89 3.88 .87 .93
3.36 3.48 3.94 3.90 .85 .89 3.38 3.57 3.86 3.85 .88 .93

Evaporated milk 2 All manufacturing milk 3/


3.48
3.41
3.31
3.21
3.16
3.15
3.19
3.24
3.37
3.55
3.62
3.58


3.52
3.45
3.40
3.25
3.21
3.19
3.22
3.29
3.47
3.63
3.72
3.72


4.11
3.99
3.89
3.85
3.85
3.83
3.88
3.94
4.09
4.29
4.32
4.20


4.09
4.00
3.97
3.84
3.86
3.84
3.87
3.94
4.05
4.20
4.26
4.20


3.23
3.17
3.11
3.05
3.03
3.02
3.06
3.14
3.27
3.41
3.48
3.42


3.32
3.26
3.22
3.12
3.10
3.09
3.12
3.20
3.41
3.55
3.58
3.54


3.85
3.78
3.72
3.69
3.71
3.71
3.75
3.81
3.94
4.07
4.07
3.96


3.86
3.78
3.76
3.70
3.72
3.71
3.75
3.82
3.92
4.02
4.02
3.94


1/Revisions for 1959, by States and by months, for butter and byproducts and American cheese, were
published by the Chicago Dairy office in the September 1960 issue "Milk Prices Paid by Creameries and
Cheese Plants" released October 28, 1960. Data for 1960 are preliminary.
2/Revisions for 1959 by States and by months, for evaporated milk, were published in the July 1960
issue of the "Evaporated, Condensed, and Dry Milk Report" released August 31, 1960. Data for 1960
are preliminary.
3/Represents a weighted average of the prices of milk for butter and byproducts, American cheese,
an, evaporated milk.


- 19-







able 11.-Mnufacturing milk Average milkfat test and prices paid
per hundredweight, United States, by months, 1956-60 _/
1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 /
Month Price t Price at Price F t Prrice
test test test tIes Itet _-t
Dollrs Percent Dollars Percent Dollars Percent Dollars Percent Dollars Percent
January.... 3.29 3.93 3.4o 3.94 3.34 3.88 3.23 3.85 3.32 3.86
February... 3.22 3.85 3.32 3.83 3.28 3.82 3.17 3.78 3.26 3.78
March...... 3.14 3.80 3.24 3.78 3.19 3.76 3.11 3.72 3.22 3.76
April...... 3.14 3.77 3.18 3.75 3.01 3.72 3.05 3.69 3.12 3.70
May........ 3.16 3.78 3.16 3.77 2.99 3.73 3.03 3.71 3.10 3.72
June....... 3.14 3.76 3.14 3.75 2.99 3.72 3.02 3.71 3.09 3.71
July....... 3.18 3.82 3.16 3.79 3.05 3.78 3.06 3.75 3.12 3.75
August..... 3.24 3.88 3.22 3.86 3.12 3.85 3.14 3.81 3.20 3.82
September.. 3.38 4.03 3.37 4.01 3.25 3.97 3.27 3.94 3.41 3.92
October.... 3.48 4.11 3.46 4.12 3.35 4.06 3.41 4.07 3.55 4.02
November... 3.54 4.12 3.49 4.11 3.35 4.05 3.48 4.07 3.58 4.02
Decenber... 3.47 4.02 3.42 4.00 3.31 3.98 3.42 3.96 3.54 3.94
Average 3/ 3.25 3.-W 3.27 3.67 3.15 3.*4 3.17 3.52 3.2b 3. 2
1 monthly figures represent weighted average prices and fat tests of milk used in the production of
creamery butter and by-products, American cheese and evaporated milk. This price series is one of the
factors used in calculating the parity price equivalent of manufacturing milk. Individual product series
are shown in table 10. 2/ Preliminary. 3/ Derived by weighting the 12 monthly figures with total
quantities of milk used in the manufacture of the three major products. Annual averages published
previously were the simple average of 12 monthly figures.


Table 12.-Evaporated whole milk: Manufacturers' average selling price per case of 48
cans in carlots, by months, United States, 1956-60, and geographic divisions, 1960
(Dollars)


14i-oz.
2/


1960 by division
Month 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 w Mid. So. E. No. N. NB. So. No. So.
7ig. At. Atl. Gent. ent. e ent. West West
January.... 5.71 5.93 6.15 6.16 6.37 6.31 6.26 6.29 6.28 6.44 6.44 6.54 6.59
February... 5.69 5.93 6.15 6.17 6.38 6.30 6.27 6.30 6.28 6.45 6.45 6.54 6.59
March...... 5.68 5.95 6.15 6.17 6.37 6.29 6.25 6.30 6.27 6.44 6.45 6.54 6.59
April...... 5.69 6.05 6.12 6.17 6.35 6.26 6.22 6.28 6.25 6.42 6.42 6.52 6.57
MaY........ 5.75 6.06 6.10 6.15 6.33 6.24 6.20 6.26 6.23 6.41 6.42 6.52 6.57
June...... 5.89 6.05 6.11 6.16 6.31 6.22 6.18 6.24 6.20 6.39 6.39 6.49 6.55
July....... 5.92 6.06 6.11 6.15 6.31 6.21 6.18 6.24 6.19 6.40 6.39 6.48 6.54
August..... 5.93 6.06 6.15 6.18 6.31 6.21 6.18 6.25 6.21 6.40 6.41 6.47 6.54
September.. 5.93 6.05 6.15 6.18 6.32 6.23 6.19 6.26 6.22 6.41 6.41 6.47 6.53
October.... 5.93 6.05 6.14 6.25 6.33 6.24 6.21 6.26 6.23 6.42 6.40 6.49 6.54
November... 5.93 6.08 6.14 6.34 6.33 6.23 6.20 6.27 6.25 6.44 6.41 6.46 6.52
December... 5.93 6.14 6.15 6.38 6.33 6.24 6.20 6.26 6.25 6.45 6.42 6.46 6.53
st. Av. ... 5.83 6.03 6.14 6.20 6.34 6.25 6.21 6.27 6.24 6.42 6.42 6.50 6.56
/ Manufacturers' prices are based upon the reports made by manufacturers covering actual sales of
goods delivered at manufacturers' distributing points on the basis of cash or short-time credit.

Table 13.-Dry whole milk: Manufacturers' average selling price per pound,
f.o.b. plant, United States, by months, 1956-60 _/
(Cents)
1-2 pound packages-pound packages
h1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1956 1957 1958 1959960
January.... 43.93 43.64 44.58 44.80 45.49 40.79 39.49 40.45 39.91 40.98
February... 44.01 45.94 46.71 46.93 44.83 39.02 40.80 41.98 40.23 41.65
March...... 42.75 45.80 48.75 45 .4 45.82 38.65 40.49 41.77 39.55 41.23
April...... 44.61 45.63 44.77 46.90 43.21 38.56 40.78 41.88 39.93 38.58
May....... 43.18 45.85 46.31 43.02 45.10 38.36 40.58 42.40 39.57 41.4o
June....... 43.89 45.59 45.14 43.61 44.97 38.11 40.15 41.22 39.66 40.92
July....... 43.61 44.88 44.33 43.64 45.55 38.94 39.99 39.53 41.36 40.55
August..... 42.46 46.01 45.74 47.05 43.92 39.00 40.97 40.41 42.70 41.79
September. 42.55 46.66 45.12 46.50 44.65 39.28 41.91 40.78 42.40 42.70
October.... 43.71 46.08 46.83 45.23 42.92 39.08 41.21 40.53 41.72 39.42
November... 44.81 45.30 47.57 44.92 43.66 39.58 41.03 39.91 41.68 40.69
December... 45.61 45.31 45.05 50.21 44.96 40.24 41.61 41.16 44.03 40.81
St. Av ... 43.76 45.56 45.91 45.65 44.59 39.13 40.75 41.00 41.06 40.89
_/ See footnote at end of table.


- 20 -







Table 13.-Dry whole milk: Manufacturers' average selling price per pound,
f.o.b. plant, United States, by months, 1956-60 l/--Continued
(Cents)
All other packages including barrels & drums Total dry whole milk
Month
1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960
January....... 32.24 32.54 33.20 31.06 32.60 38.64 38.11 39.24 37.51 38.10
February...... 32.31 32.36 31.63 30.93 31.21 28.4.C 37.76 40.43 37.87 33.00
March......... 32.70 32.08 31.53 30.89 30.96 37.78 39.55 39.00 38.11 37.58
April........ 31.35 32.58 31.34 31.45 30.33 38.50 39.97 37.25 39.39 36.94
May........... 32.31 31.82 30.52 30.62 29.82 38.10 38.72 39.18 37.08 36.90
June.......... 31.88 32.06 30.64 30.21 29.41 38.81 39.32 39.18 38.09 37.27
July.......... 33.17 31.74 30.95 31.00 30.01 33.95 39.12 38.14 35.53 37.05
August........ 33.12 32.16 30.46 31.06 31.70 38.97 40.34 38.23 39.12 37.15
September..... 32.80 33.08 30.92 31.73 32.01 38.33 39.46 38.58 40.49 36.81
October....... 33.21 32.58 32.33 32.05 32.34 37.81 38.14 38.66 37.64 36.02
November...... 32.70 32.42 31.36 32.36 32.74 37.13 39.17 38.13 39.U0 36.64
December...... 32.66 32.66 31.26 32.69 32.29 39.08 40.43 38.52 39.97 36.07
St. av. ...... 32.54 32.34 31.34 31.34 31.28 38.33 39.17 38.72 3?.57 37.04
I/ Prices reported by firms weighted by their shipments to derive averages and segments also weighted
by shipments to derive combined prices. 1960 revised.

Table 14.-Nonfat dry milk: Manufacturers' average selling price per pound,
f.o.b. plant, United States, by months, 1956-60 o/
(Cents)
Spray process for human food Roller process for human food
Month
month 195b 1957 1958 1959 1960 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960

January....... 15.57 15.47 15.50 13.68 13.76 13.69 13.72 13.90 12.50 13.06
February...... 15.59 15.47 15.38 13.69 13.78 13.48 13.59 13.70 12.64 12.94
March ........ 15.58 15.48 15.33 13.67 13.87 13.43 13.60 13.54 12.41 12.80
April........ 15.61 15.52 14.29 13.66 13.50 13.30 13.76 12.18 12.43 12.59
May.......... 15.58 15.49 13.89 13.65 13.58 13.22 13.70 12.06 12.37 12.49
June.......... 15.51 15.53 13.83 13.68 13.59 13.28 13.56 12.02 12.25 12.61
July.......... 15.35 15.44 13.81 13.71 13.40 13.37 13.55 12.19 12.29 12.58
August........ 15.37 15.51 13.80 13.60 13.50 13.44 13.74 12.31 12.54 12.60
September..... 15.45 15.47 13.79 13.67 13.71 13.49 13.86 12.38 12.80 12.56
October....... 15.53 15.44 13.78 13.68 13.90 13.62 13.85 12.46 12.92 12.60
November...... 15.49 15.50 13.76 13.80 14.03 13.69 14.27 12.62 13.07 12.77
December...... 15.49 15.51 13.69 13.78 14.09 13.57 13.99 12.52 13.04 12.67
St. av. ...... 15.51 15.49 14.24 13.69 13.73 13.46 13.77 12.66 12.60 12.69


Total for human food Dry skim for animal feed

January....... 15.35 15.27 15.35 13.57 13.72 10.13 10.07 9.69 9.78 10.26
February...... 15.36 15.24 15.25 13.60 13.73 10.34 9.89 9.79 9.70 10.63
March......... 15.38 15.29 15.20 13.58 13.81 10.07 9.83 9.96 9.72 10.30
April......... 15.35 15.36 14.12 13.56 13.44 9.94 9.83 9.76 9.74 10.24
May........... 15.25 15.28 13.72 13.54 13.50 10.04 10.12 9.58 9.75 10.20
June.......... 15.18 15.29 13.62 13.54 13.51 10.06 10.11 9.67 9.66 10.32
July.......... 15.08 15.22 13.67 13.59 13.42 9.81 10.03 9.44 10.07 10.17
August........ 15.10 15.30 13.67 13.51 13.43 9.96 10.00 9.39 9.91 10.44
September..... 15.17 15.28 13.62 13.59 13.60 9.86 9.51 9.50 9.85 10.21
October........ 15.24 15.23 13.63 13.62 13.79 9.91 9.89 9.81 9.98 10.34
November...... 15.22 15.35 13.65 13.74 13.93 9.81 10.07 9.64 9.99 10.40
December....... 15.22 15.37 13.57 13.73 13.99 9.62 10.03 9.57 10.21 10.52
St. av. ...... 15.24 15.29 14.09 13.60 13.66 9.96 9.95 9.65 9.86 10.34


3/ Prices reported by firms weighted by their shipments to
by shipments to derive combined prices.
21 -


derive averages and segments also weighted








Table 15.-Nonfat dry milk for human consumption: manufacturers average sell..
price per pound in carlots, f.o.b. plant, ."hiiagc- area ("inrrcsota, V.is.onsi:n.
Illinois, Indiana, and ichiian) by months 1 -60 1

(Cents)


January ....
e riary ...
1 arch .......
April .......
::ay .........
June ........
July ........
August ......
.,C- c :r ..
October .....
November ....
December ....


-~ra:. process


Roller ;:ror. ss


1 1- 1. 1 1 0 195 157 1i i 1-


1 1
15.36
15.39
15.42
15 .40
15.22
15.2*
15.13
15.26
15.32
15.18


15.15
15.30
15.35
15.33
15.31
15.26
15.28
15.25
15.22
15.22
15.24


1c 3
15.20
15.1-7
14. 01
13.40
13.29
13.40
13.36
13.30
13.31
13.35
13.35


13.32
13.32
13.32
13.32
13.40
13.40
13.35
13.47
13.52
13.58
13.42
13.55


1' .'
13.64
13.54
13.42
13.25
13.29
13.23
13.25
13.43
13.76
13.76
13.U8


13.3
12.95
13.05
13.53
13.: '
13.21
13.0)
13.33
13.43
13.19
13.2)
13.3


13.
13.32
13. 1
13.22
13.20
13.30
13.05
13.27
13.46
13.60
13.68
13.71


13 .c-
13.72
13.55
12.20
11.5
11.5
11. ?2
11. 2
11.89
12.06
12.21
12.06


12.*:
12.12
11. 1
12.20
11.60
11. 60
12.17
12.21.
12.56
12.u3
12.L3


12. ,
12.77
12.:0
12. :3
12. -.1
12.35
12.22
12.1.)
12.19
12.13
12.41
12.54
12.5


1,Fiscal month from 26th of preceding month through 25th of current i:.onth.

Table 16.-Dry buttermilk: Manufacturers' average selling price per pound,
f.o.b. plant, United States, by months 1956-60 1/
(cents)

Human food Animal feed
Month
1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960

January...... 14.28 14.19 14.72 13.51 13.82 9.42 8.34 8.58 9.93 10.89
February..... 14.28 14.16 14.79 13.94 13.72 9.33 8.36 8.37 9.91 11.04
Mrrch........ 14.17 14.22 14.39 13.46 13.65 9.05 7.84 8.95 10.10 10.86
April........ 14.18 14.44 13.14 13.62 13.59 8.50 7.78 8.88 10.20 10.38
May.......... 13.84 13.96 12.79 13.53 13.44 8.36 7.61 8.87 10.40 10.60
June......... 13.95 14.40 12.82 13.43 13.37 8.02 7.38 9.29 9.90 10.76
July......... 14.19 14.31 12.86 13.55 13.41 8.01 7.65 9.18 9.57 10.97
August....... 14.40 14.38 13.11 13.62 13.51 8.25 7.83 9.03 10.28 10.76
September.... 14.19 14.48 13.31 13.99 13.74 7.79 7.99 9.41 9.85 10.82
October...... 14.41 14.48 13.54 13.96 13.85 8.13 8.40 9.68 10.46 10.59
November..... 14.34 14.37 13.65 14.08 14.28 8.34 8.33 10.09 10.64 10.93
December..... 14.22 14.85 13.61 13.79 13.86 8.09 8.27 9.82 10.56 10.61

St. av. ..... 14.20 14.35 13.56 13.71 13.69 8.44 7.98 9.18 10.15 10.77


Total human food and animal feed

January...... 13.28 12.98 13.73 13.04 13.27
February..... 13.0'( 13.01 13.52 13.40 13.43
March........ 13.12 13.03 13.41 13.02 13.15
April........ 13.03 13.21 12.55 13.11 13.07
May.......... 12.59 12.81 12.28 13.10 12.87
June......... 12.50 12.91 12.27 12.94 12.84
July......... 12.55 13.15 12.31 12.94 12.92
August....... 12.74 12.67 12.47 13.11 12.99
September.... 12.59 12.98 12.76 13.32 13.27
October...... 13.03 12.93 12.95 13.52 13.30
November..... 12.53 13.27 13.04 13.61 13.77
December..... 12.77 13.47 13.11 13.30 13.25_
St. av. ..... 12.82 13.04 12.87 13.20 13.18

1/ Prices reported by firms weighted by their shipments to derive averages and segments also weighted
by shipments to derived combined prices.
22 -


I







PRICES, SALES AND RECEIPTS, 1960


Fluid use prices higher in 1960

Dealer buying prices for milk for fluid use in about 160 markets in the
United States averaged $5.48 per hundredweight in 1960. This average,
weighted by market area populations, was 7 cents higher than in 1959. Of the 9
regional averages, prices were higher in 5. In one area the average was
about the same, but in three,lower. For 1960, United States average prices
varied from a low of $5.19 in May and June to a high of $5.73 in November.
By regions, the difference in the annual average was from $4.31 in the West
North Central to $6.18 in the Middle Atlantic.

Single quart home delivery prices advanced during 1960

The average price per single quart of home delivered whole milk in 25
major cities was 26.3 cents during 1960. This was an average of 0.6 cent
per quart higher than the previous record in 1959 and 2.3 cents above the
1954-58 annual average. Increases in the price of this unit of sale occurred
in all of the 25 markets except New Orleans and Dallas, which were unchanged,
and Hartford, Conn., which was 1.4 cents lower. Average prices were more
than a cent higher in 1960 than in 1959 in New York City, Indianapolis,
Chicago, Detroit, Milwaukee, and Washington, D. C.

1960 sales higher than 1959 for all fluid items except fluid cream

Estimates of average daily sales of fluid whole milk products in 65
Federal Order and 6 State marketing areas during 1960 were fractionally
higher than reported sales in 1959. Yearly estimates of sales for all items
were based on reported in-area sales for the first 11 months of the year for
all markets. For December, reported sales for some markets have been used.
Estimates have been made for the remainder of the markets on the basis of
observed trends. Skim milk sales for 1960 in 69 of these areas (Federal
markets in New York and New Jersey excluded) were 6 percent higher than in
1959. Sales of milk and cream mixtures (half-and-half) in 66 of 71 markets
(New York, New Jersey, Boston, Springfield, and Worcester excluded) were 3
percent higher. Sales of other fluid cream items in these 66 markets for
1960 were fractionally lower than the previous year. The total of all cream
item sales together was 2 percent higher for the period.

Receipts of milk in 1960 6 percent above 1959

Average daily receipts of milk from producers in 74 Federal Order and 5
State marketing areas, at 120.0 million pounds in 1960, were 6 percent
larger than for 1959. Average daily receipts per producer were 642 pounds
or 8 percent above the previous year. The number of producers in these
markets declined 2 percent from 1959. The average milkfat test of receipts
in 78 of these markets averaged 3.72 percent in 1960 as compared with 3.71
percent in 1959.


- 23 -


FLUID MILK AND CREAM:








Table 17 .-Dealers' average buying prices f9r milk for fluid milk use (f. o. b. city)
by mantha U. S. 1956-60, by regions 1960 ,
(per hundredweight-3.5% fat weighted y populatxn of individual markets)
United States regions, 1960 2/
Month Mew id. hat JIi th Iast WWest MBoun- P-
th 1956 1957 1958 1959 10 Eng. Atl. ol iofrt h rt. I South South tain cific
nt. Cent. 1 I Cent. Cent, I
Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. bol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol.
Janary... 5.31 5.55 5.59 5.48 5.59 6.46 6.36 4.58 4.34 6.10 5.33 5.52 5.-3 5#44
February.. 5.27 5.50 5.57 5.46 5.55 6.46 6.27 4.56 4.27 6.10 5.33 5.63 5.13 5.44
March.... 5.13 5.39 5.47 5.39 5.48 6.23 6.15 4.53 4.24 6.02 5.24 5.52 5.14 5,44
April.... .99 5.28 5.22 5.21 5.27 5.58 $.84 4.43 4.17 5.92 5.24 5.50 5.45 5.20
May....... 5.15 5.15 5.11 5.10 5.19 5.58 5.65 4.33 4.17 5.92 5.16 5.47 5.45 5.20
June..... 5.17 5.15 5.08 5.09 5.19 5.58 5.66 4.33 4.16 6.01 5.14 5.28 5.17 5.19
July...... 5.32 5.26 5.25 5.27 5.34 6.03 5.94 4.41 4.27 6.06 5.20 5.43 5.47 5.19
August.... 5.35 5.42 5.40 5.12 5.47 6.25 4.19 4.54 4.33 6.08 5.23 5.51 5. 48 519
September. 5.U4 5.58 5.50 5.57 5.58 6.44 4.34 4.61 4.35 6.09 5.31 5.51 5.46 5.144
October... 5.54 5.73 5.55 5.63 5.67 6.45 .54 4.67 4.44 6.09 5.45 5.55 5.49 5.43
November.. 5.61 5.75 5.57 5.65 5.73 6.15 .62 4.74 4.54 6.09 5.51 5.62 5.53 5,44
December. 5.61 5.71 5.54 5.61 5.72 6.15 6,56 4.76 4.48 6.09 5.51 5.72 5.48
Average... 5.32 5.46 5.41 5.41 5.48 6.16 6.18 4.54 4.31 6.05 5.30 5.52 5.47 5.3
I In a number of markets the prices paid for fluid milk and cream are the same. The prices shown are
the-ilatest reported up to and including the 10th of Ihe month.
2/ Preliminary.



Table 18.-Dealers' average buying prices fer milk for fluid milk use (f. o. b. city)
by regions 1956-60 I/
_(per hundredweight-3.5% fat; weighted by population of individual markets)
Xew Middle st 1eat South ast West
Tea England Atlantic North North Atlantic South South otain- Pacific -. 8.
...a a nc Central Central Central Central
Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. oDl. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol.
1956 5.93 5.84 4.46 4.46 6.08 5.15 5.78 5.68 5.05 5.32
1957 6.28 6.21 4.42 4.31 6.14 5,15 5.58 5.74 5.22 5.16
1958 6.13 6.18 4.28 4.24 6.16 .11 5.55 5.67 5.17 5.f
1959 6.23 6.18 4.27 4.23 6.08 5.15 5.43 5.50 5.28 5.1
1960 6.16 6.18 4.54 4.31 6.05 5.30 5.52 5.47 5.34 5.14
In a number of markets the prices paid for fluid milk and cream are the same. The prices shown awe
e latest reported up to and including the 10th of the month.
2/ Preliminary.

.Table 19.-Average prices of standard grade milk per single quart delivered to homes
in 25 cities, United States by months, 1956-60 I/
.ear Jan. Feb. March pril may June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. IDe. A e.

Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts s. s. Cts. ts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Ctsr.
1956 23.5 23.5 23.4 23.3 23.8 23.8 24.3 24.2 24.4 24.6 24.7 24.8 21.0
1957 24.7 24.7 24.6 24.6 24.4 2L.4 24.5 2L.7 24.9 25.2 25.4 25.5 2.8
1958 25.6 25.6 25.6 25.2 25.1 25.0 25.2 25.4 25.5 25.6 25.7 25,6 2.4
1959 25.5 25.6 25.5 25.3 25.2 25.3 25.5 25.7 25.9 26.1 26.1 26 2 2*.7
1960 26.2 26.2 26.1 25.9 25.9 25.8 26.1 26.4 26.6 26.7 26.7 26t8 .3
I/ "Standard grade" is the grade commonly sold in eAch market. Grades vary between markets due to
dIfferen es in determining factors. The prices shows are the latest reported up to and including the
10th of the month. Some prices revised due to change in pgade reorted for New Orleans.







Table 20.Prices of standard grade
delivered to homes in 25
Annual average by city


milk per single quart
cities 1J
1956-60


Qity 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 City 196 1957 1958 1959 1960
Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. t. t. Cts. Cts. ts. Cts. ts. Cts.
Boston, Mass......... 2.7 26.3 26.5 26.3 27.2 Washington, D. C.... 25.5 26.2 26.8 27.0 28.0
Hartford, Conn...... 25.5 27.2 27.5 28.4 27.0 Jacksonville, Fla... 27.0 27.2 29.0 28.8 29.0
New York, N. Y...... 25.9 27.8 29.8 30.9 32.2 Louisville, Iy...... 24.3 24.9 26.0 24.3 25.2
Philadelphia, Pa.... 24.0 25.4 27.0 27.0 27.1 New Orleans, La..... 27.5 27.2 27.8 28.0 28.0
Pittsburgh, Pa...... 24.8 25.8 26.6 26.6 27.0 Dallas, Texas...... 25.8 25.2 26.2 27.0 27.0
Cleveland, Ohio..... 22.1 22.6 23.8 23.8 24.0 Denver, Colo........ 24.7 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.3
Indianapolis, Ind... 22.2 23.0 23.0 23.2 24.2 Salt Lake City, Utah 22.2 23.5 24.0 2h.5 25.0
Chicago, Ill........ 26.9 27.0 27.5 28,4 30.2 Seattle, Wash....... 23.1 24.3 23.8 23.8 24.5
Detroit, Mich....... 24.0 24.3 24.3 24.1 25.5 Portland, Ore....... 23.7 24.8 25.0 25.5 26.2
Milwaukee, Wis...... 21.2 22.5 22.7 23.3 25.0 San Francisco, Cal.2/22.0 24.2 25.1 25.5 26.0
Minneapolis, Minn.2/ 22.0 21.6 22.0 22.0 22.4 Los Angeles, Cal...2/22.3 23.5 24.7 25.2 25.8
Kansas City, Mo..... 23.3 23.3 22.3 23.4 23.8
Omaha, Nebr......... 21.4 22.0 22.0 22.5 23.4 Average............. 24.0 24.8 25.4 25.7 26.3
Baltimore, Md........ 24.1 25.3 27.0 27.0 27.9



Prevailing price in each city by months 1960
City Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Av.
Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts.
Boston, Mass........ 262- 26j- 26- 25k- 251- 25'- 26j- 27- 28k- 28-- 28'- 281-
27 27 262 26 26 26 27 2 29 29 29 29 27.2
Hartford, Conn...... 28 28 27 25- 25-251 25 26 27 28 28 28 28 27.0
New York, N. X....., 314- 31j- 31- 31- 305- 303- 32 32 33 33- 33i 33
33 33 321 31 31 31 32.2
Philadelphia, Pa.... 272 27- 27- 25- 25- 25- 27- 27- 27- 28- 28- 28-
27 27i 261 265 261 27 27j 27j 281 28i 28 27.1
Pittsburgh, Pa...... 27 27 27 262 26 26 26 271 27- 27j 271 27i 27.0
Cleveland, Ohio..... 24 2 2 2 24 21 2h 21 21 24 24 21 24 24.0
Indianapolis, Ind... 24 24 24 24 24 2A 24 24 21 25 25 25 24.2
Chicago. Ill........ 28- 28- 28- 28- 28- 28- 28- 28 28- 281- 28- 28- 30.2
32 32 32 32 32 32 325 32 32 2 32 32 32 3
Detroit, Mich.......25-25j 252-26 25-251 25 25 25 25 26 26 26 26 26 25.5
Milwaukee, Wis...... 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 2$ 25.0
Minneapolis, Minn... 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 23 23 23 23 23 22.1
Kansas City, Mo..... 24 23 23 23 24 21 24 24 24 2h 21 24 23.8
Omaha, Nebr......... 23 23 23 23 23 22-23 23-24 24 2 2 24 24 23.1
Baltimore, Md....... 27 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 27.9
Washington, D. C.... 27- 27- 27- 27- 27- 27- 28- 28- 28- 28- 28- 28- 28.0
28 28 28 28 28 28 29 29 29 29 29 29
Jacksonville, Fla... 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29.0
Louisville, Ky...... 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 26 26 25.2
New Orleans, La..... 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28.0
Dallas, Texas....... 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27.0
Denver, Colo........ 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 26 26 26 26 25.3
Salt Lake City, Utah 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25.0
Seattle, Wash....... 2L 24 2h-1 2414 214 24k1 24h 241 2 24 ^ 21 21 26 24.5
Portland, Ore....... 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 261 26.2
San Fran., Cal...... 26 26 26 25 25 25 25 25 24 24 26 27 26.0
Los Angeles, Cal.... 26 26 26 25 225 25 2 25 26 26 26 2 25.8
Average............ 26.2 26.2 26.1 25.9 25.9 25.8 26.1 26.4 26.6 26.7 26.7 26.8 26.3

i/ "Standard grade" is the grade commonly sold in each market. Grades vary between markets due to
differences in determining factors. The prices shown are the latest reported up to and including the
10th of the month. Some prices revised due to change in grade reported for New Orleans.
2/ In markets having a service charge on the first unii at each single delivery location, the charge
has been divided between 2 quarts. Since the single quart concept used historically is based on every
day delivery, it is assumed that under every other day delivery the charge represents a two quart
punehase. Service charge effective Minneapolis, all qf the period shown prior to June 1957;
San Francisco, beginning March 1957; Los Angeles, May 1956 through August 1958.


- 25 -







21--Whole milk and skim milk products: Averare daily sales and test in
cert In Federal Order and State marketing areas, 19c9-1960 I_ _


Marketing area


1,000
pounds
NEW ENGLAND:
Boston, Mass................ 2,386
Spfld. & Wore., Mass........ 727
Southeastern New EnCland.... 1,395
Connecticut................ 4/2,131
MIDDLE ATLArTIC:
Federal markets in N. Y..... 11,379
1iarara Fronrter, N. Y.-S... 1,033
nr.cr.ester, N. Y.-S .......... 2L9
New Jersey-S................ 4,891
Philadelphia, Pa............ 2,127
EAST NORTH CENTRAL:
Two Northern Ohio markets... 3,066
Three other Ohio markets.... 2,062
Two Indiana markets ........ 1:59
Chicar-o, Ill................ 5,135
quad Cities, Ill.-la........ 217
Southern Michiran........... 3,24 5
N.E. Wis. R: Up. Pen., Mich.. 974
Milwaukee, Wis.............. 898
WEST NORTH CENTRAL:
Minrc-jrolI--St. Paul, Minn.. 1,184
Four Iowa markets........... 882
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans....... 1,006
St. Louis, Mo... .......... 1,123
Ozarks, Mo.-Ark............. 260
Two South Dakota markets.... 116
Omaha-Linc.-C.B. Neb.-Ia... L30
Three Kansas markets........ 634
SOUTH ATLANTIC:
Wilmington, Del............. 243
App. & Blfld., Va.-W.Va.-T.. 246
Clarksbg. & Wheeling, W. Va. 488
North Carolina -S ..... 1,740
South Carolina -S.. ...... 824
Southeastern Florida........ 983
EAST SOUTH CENTRAL:
Louisville & Paducah, Ky.... 682
Four Tennessee markets...... 1,075
Three Mississippi markets... 655
WEST SOUTH CENTRAL:
Central Arkansas............ 299
Two Louisiana markets....... 851
Oklahoma Metropolitan....... 766
Red River Valley, Okla.-Tex. 313
North Texas................. 1,245
Five Texas markets.......... 1,843
MOUNTAIN:
Two Colorado markets......... 239
Central Arizona ............. 767
PACIFIC:
Inland Empire Wash.-Ida.... 241
Puget Sound Wash........... 1,211
Ca ifornia- ................ 11,699
Total (71 areas) 6/ 74,652


Whole milk


Skim milk products


19c9 2/ 1960 3 1959 / 1960 3


I M'fat
Quantity I test Quantity


1,000
Pct. pounds


3.77
3.65
4/3.73
1/3.70


3.61
3.63

3.71

3.53
3.53
3.56
3.50
3.17
3.52
3.54
3.52


3. *
3.N6
3.37
3.0
3.40
3.54


3.60
3.66
3.59

3.76

3.67
3.72
3.90

3.69
3.89
3.66
3.52
3.53
3.53

3. 48
3.54

3.60
3.54
3.59


2,390
720
1,L09
2,167

11,198
1,031
449
4,893
2,095

3,043
2,151
467
5,096
213
3,245
976
890

1,181
884
1,009
1,093
266
145
39
660

253
248
488
1,901
847
1,000

707
1,099
673

302
872
776
324
1,246
1,834

239
785

230
1,196
11,685


3.59 74,794


M'fat
test


Pot.



3.69
3.64


3.62
3.64

3.68

3.53
3.52
3.56
3.50
3.47
3.53
3.53
3.53

3.50

3.36
3.50
3.39
3.51
3.39

3.62
3.65
3.58

3.74

3.65
3.69
3.81

3.71
3.88
3.64
3.49
3.49
3.50

3.47
3.53

3.60
3.53
3.59


I M'fat
Quantity test


1,000C
pounds

86.8
31.1
47.3
4/100.4


40.4
42.1

120.2

226.5
195.4
49.5
410.0
4h.0
158.3
64.9
87.3

130.7
130.8
92.1
112.0
26.6
15.8
46.2
30.5

11.3
35.6
21.1
337.6
150.1
98.4

72.4
172.5
70.0

42.7
63.3
56.4
26.9
102.8
118.7

18.5
72.1


Pct.

.82
.71
4/1.05
U/ .59


.67
.60

.81

1,21
1.411
1.62
1.39
1.51
.75
.93
1.10

.81
1.18
1.22
1.58
1.20
1.l44
.60
.82

.80
.74
1.05

.75

1.26
.70
.97

1.29
1.14
1.13
.99
1.05
1.16

.96
1.04


M'fat
Quantity test


31.8
1,3.53
1,311.3


23.2
127.1
1,265.4i


3.57 5,175.2


1.06 5,512.2


- 26 -


Table


W ole milk


1.10


-


- -- -


1,000
pounds

94.4
32.0
45.2
92.4


45.8
43.3

127.8

226.8
197.0
55.8
452.9
48.1
167.3
71.6
100.1

159.1
143.6
107.5
129.5
27.1
18.4
53.6
3 .2

11.4
36.4
18.1
368.7
155.8
98.0.

83.0
172.3
72.9

44.4
67.5
59.2
26.4
109.1
122.9

18.0
87.9


Pot.

-
I
.93
.58


.64
.48
i
.8L

1.19
1.39
1.58
1.4U
1.56
.63
.88
1.20

.84
1.18
1.36
1.62
1.27
1.L7
.68
.76

.79
.80
1.06
i

.78

1.31
.67
1.02

1.31
1.2L
1.12
1.12
1.08
1.19

.98
1.20

.94
1.00
i.O


---








Table 21.--Whole milk and skim milk products: Average daily sales and test in
certain Federal Order and State marketing areas, 1959-1960 !/--Continued
Whole milk and skim milk 1960 as percent of 1959 6/
products combined
Marketing area 1959 g/ 1960 2/ Whole milk Skim Whole milk and
M'fat 4' fat milk skim milk pro-
Quantity test Quantity test products ducts combined


NEW ENGLAND:
Boston, Mass...............
Spfld. & Worc., Mass........
Southeastern New England....
Connecticut...............
MIDDLE ATLANTIC:
Federal markets in N. Y.....
Niagara Frontier, N. Y. -S..
Rochester, N. Y. -S........
New Jersey -S...............
Philadelphia, Pa............
EAST NORTH CENTRAL:
Two Northern Ohio markets...
Three other Ohio markets....
Two Indiana markets.........
Chicago, Ill................
Quad Cities, 11l.-la.......
Southern Michigan............
N. E. Wis. & Up. Pen., Mich.
Milwaukee, Wis..............
WEST NORTH CENTRAL:
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn..
Four Iowa markets...........
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans.......
St. Louis, Mo...............
Ozarks, Mo,-Ark............
Two South Dakota markets....
Onaha-Linc.-C. B., Neb.-la..
Three Kansas markets........
SOUTH ATLANTIC:
Wilmington, Del.............
App. & Blfld., Va.-W.Va.-T..
Clarksbg. & Wheeling, W. Va.
North Carolina -S. ......
South Carolina -S...'.......
Southeastern Florida........
EAST SOUTH CENTRAL:
Louisville & Padiucah, Ky....
Four Tennessee markets......
Three Mississippi markets...
WEST SOUTH CENTRAL:
Central Arkansas ............
Two Louisiana markets......
Oklahoma Metropolitan.......
Red River Valley, Okla.-Tex.
North Texas.................
Five Texas markets..........
MOUNTAIN:
Two Colorado markets.........
Central Arizona ...........
PACIFICt
Inland nEpire, Wash.-Ida....
Puget Sound, Wash............
California-i...............
Total (71 areas) 6/


1,000
pounds


2,L7h.9
758.2
1, b2.1
i/2,231.8

11,378.6
1,073.6
691.1
h,891.1
2,266.9

3,292.6
2,257.6
5o8.4
5,566.8
260.7
3,603.5
1,039.2
985.2

1,315.1
1,012.4
1,097.9
1,236.8
286.6
162.1
L76.2
664.9

253.9
281.6
508.7
2,077.8
974.6
1,080.9

756.1
1,267.3
725.1

342.1
911.7
822.7
3l0.0
1,3618.2
1,961.9


Pet.

3.67
3.53
1/,3.66
4/3.56


3.50
3.37

3.55

3.37
3.35
3.37
3.34
3.116
3.39
3.38
3.31

3.24
3.24
3.27
3.21
3.29
3.21
3.25
3.28

3.68
3.29

3.46
3.69

3.66
3.30
3.62

3.39
3.70
3.69
3.32
3.34
3.39


257.6 3.30
839.5 3.33


26L.3
1,337.6
112,964.4


3.33
3.29
3.59


1,000
pounds

2,468.8
752.0
1,465.3
2,259.5

11,197.9
1,076.7
692.6
4,892.6
2,222.8

3,269.5
2,3L7.8
523.1
5,568.6
261.5
3,612.0
1,067.3
990.6

1,340.3
1,027.9
1,116.4
1,222.1
292.8
163.0
692.2
674.1

266.1
28.0O
506.14
2,270.2
1,002.6
1,098.2

789.8
1,271.3
746.4

366.0
939.4
835.7
350.0
1,355.0
1,956.5


Pet.



3.60
3.52


3.69
3.36

3.52

3.37
3.34
3.35
3.33
3.12
3.39
3.33
3.30

3.18
3.23
3.30
3.18
3.29
3.18
3.20
3.26

3.50
3.29
3.69


3.68

3.40
3.28
3.56

3.40
3.69
3.L6
3.31
3.30
3.36


257.2 3.30
872.7 3.30


261.8
1,339.6
12,996.6


79,826.5 3.65 80,305.8


3.28
3.26
3.59


3.62


Pct.

100
99
101
102

98
100
100
100
98

99
106
102
99
98
100
100
99

100
100
100
97
102
99
102
101

104
101
100
109
103
102

lO
102
103

101
102
101
104
100
100

100
102

95
99
100


100.2


Pct.

109
103
96
92


113
103

106

100
101
113
110
109
106
110
115

122
110
117
116
102
116
116
112

101
102
86
109
104
100

115
100
104

104
107
105
98
106
10o

97
122

137
113
106


106.5


Pct.

100
99
101
101

98
100
100
100
99

99
10l
103
100
100
100
101
101

102
102
102
99
102
101
103
101

lo1
101
100
109
103
102

105
102
103

101
103
102
103
101
100

100
106

99
100
100


100.6


S- From State sources, i/ Quantities include: Whole milk plain and flavored; Skim milk products -
plain, fortified and flavored skim and o;rt ikim, buttermilk and cultured 3. -l... IL,'s oljd within defined
marketing areas. For a list of markets combined, see page 31. 2/ Revised. 3/ Preliminary (December
sales estimated). 4/ Esti7ated on basis of data for June-Dec., Southeastern New Enjl-.nd; Apr.-Dec.
Connecticut. Military sales excluded. / Con..uted from unrounded data. Test computations exclude
Boston, Sprrng1ield, Worcester, S. E. .;ew England, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, North Carolina and
South Carolina.
Compiled from reports of Market Administrators and State milk control agencies.
27 -








Table 22.--Milk and cream fixtures and fluid cream products: Averare daily sales
and test in certain Feaer;l Crder and State marketing areas, 1959-1960 I/


Marketing area


NEW a.GCDI:
Southeastern New England..
Connecticut...............
Ii EELF ATLANTIC:
Niagara Frontier, N. Y.-S.
Rochester, N. Y.-S........
Philadelphia, Pa..........
EAST NORTH CF.TRhL:
Two Northern Ohio markets.
Three other Ohio markets..
Two Indiana markets.......
Chicago, Ill..............
Quad Cities, 11l.-Ia......
Southern Michigan.........
N.F..i-l. & Up.Pen., Mich..
Vilwaukee, Wis............
WEST NORTH CENTRAL:
Minneapolis-St.Paul, Minn.
Four Iowa markets........
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans.....
St. Louis, Mo.............
Ozarks, Mo.-Ark...........
Two South Dakota markets..
Omaha-Linc.-C.B., Neb.-Ia.
Three Kansas markets......
SOUTH ATLANTIC:
Wilmington, Del............
App. & Blfld.,Va.-W.Va.-T.
Clarksbg. & Wheeling,W.Va.
North Carolina -S.......
South Carolina -S..2....
Southeastern Florida......
FAST SOUTH CENTRAL:
Louisville & Paducah, Ky..
Four Tennessee markets....
Three Mississippi markets.
'IEST 'lTH CENTRAL:
Central Arkansas ..........
Two Louisiana markets.....
Oklahoma Metropolitan.....
Red River Val., Okla.-Tex.
North Texas................
Five Texas markets.........
'IUL'NTAI N:
Two Colorado markets......
Central Arizona............
PACIFIC:
Inland Empire, Wash.-Ida..
Puget Sound, Wash..........
California-S..............
Total (66 areas) 6/


Milk and cream mixtures


1' 9 q2/


1960 /


M'fat M'fat
Quantity test Quantity test


1,000
pounds


Pet.


10.6 4/11.7
N.A. N.A.


8.7
3.7
11.0

53.0
31.9
9.8
211.9
8.2
70..
20.3
16.9

31.5
17.6
18.0
5.0
3.6
1i. 6
15.1-

.9
.6
.b
16.9
3.2
22.1


10.8
10.7
11.5

11.3
11.5
12.2
12.0
12.2
10.6
12.6
12.5

12.0
12 .
11.9
12.0
11.6
12.5
11.9
11.8

11.6
12.6
11.8


9.6


6.7 12.1
7.9 12.1
7.6 12.7


1.1
6.6
12.6
3.9
21.4
28.5


12.0
12.3
12.0
11.2
12.0
12.1


6.2 11.1
14.3 11.8


5.8
32.9
366.4


12.2
11.7
12,0


1,000
pounds


Pct.


11.9 11.7
N.A. N.A.


9.8
l.3
11.3

58.0
35.6
9.7
212.5
8.0
76.3
20.5
17.9

31.3
31.1
19.1
18.5
5.2
3.7
15.1
15.2

1.
5.0
18.4
46.
26.7


10.8
10.7
11.1

11.4
11.5
12.2
12.0
12.3
10.1
12.7
12.5

11.9
12.3
12.:
11.9
11.7
12.7
11.9
11.8

11.4
12.4
11.9


9.1


7.6 12.2
8.9 12.1
7.9 12.8


4.3
7.6
13.0
3.8
22.1
28.7


11.9
12.3
11.9

12.2
12.4


6.1 11.5
15.4 11.8


5.7
32.5
360.9


12.0
11.8
12.0


1,167.4 11.8 1,199.7 11.8


Fluid cream products


1959 2/


1960 2/


M'fat M'fct
Quantity test Quantity test
1,000 1,000
pounds Pct. pounds Pct.


36.6 /25.2
4/ 58.0 /22.7


10.8
5.1
37.8

39.0
19.1
3.3
55.6
1.6
U.h
8.2
11.5

16.9
8.5
13.0
.7
1.2
3.1
2.5

3.3
.8
2.6
5.5
3.7
23.8


2X. A
21'.
22.2

20.2
21.1
21.5
21.2
25.0
19.8
28.7
24.7

28.1
29.
23.h
19.6
31.1
29.3
25.2
26.6

23.3
25.2
21.6


21.1


3.9 2L.1
8.1 2h1.9
2.7 29.2


29.14
22.8
26.3
29.
28.5
28.4


1.7 26.0
.2 22.1


2.8
17.5
86.7


27.7
26.5
26.7


34.2 24.5
57.0 W4 22.0


10.1
5.1
36.8

37.7
18.7
3.0
54.7
2.1
41.7
8.3
11.2

18.3
6.0
9.2
12.6
.8
1.2
2.8
2.7

2.9
.8
2.5
5.9

2,.8


24.3
24.7
22.3

10.7
21.2
2L.6
21.?
22.3
19.7
29.2
2),.6.

27.L
28.A
23.1
19.3
30.0
29.6
25.6
25.7

23.9
25.0
22.0


21.7


4.0 2L.0
7.5 25.0
2.6 29.1


1.5
6.3
5.3
1.3
10.2
7.9


28.7
22.9
26.0
26.8
28.6
28.0


1.8 25.9
4.3 2b.0


2.8
18.2
90.3


27.8
25.8
26.3


581.0 23.7 578.4 23.6


- 28 -


- -, -- --~---


J


- -







Table 22.--Milk and cream mixtures and fluid cream products: Average daily sales
and test in certain Federal Order and State marketing areas, 1959-1960 l/--Continued
Milk and cream mixtures and fluid cream 1960 as percent of 1959
products combined
Milk and Fluid Milk and cream
Marketing area 1959 2/ 1960 d/ cream Cream mixtures & fluid
M'fat M'fat mixtures cream products
Quantity test Quantity test combined
1,000 1,000
pounds Pet. pounds Pct. Pct. Pct. Pct.
NEW ENGLAND:
Southeastern New England.. 47.2 4 22.2 h6.1 21.2 113 93 99
Connecticut............... 4/58.0 /22.7 57.0 22.0 98 98
MIDDLE ATLANTIC:
Niagara Frontier, N.Y.-S.. 19.18.3 19. 17.7 113 94 102
Rochester, N. Y.-S...... 19. 18.9 9.3 18.3 117 100 107
Philadelphia, Pa.......... 48.8 19.8 51.1 19.2 129 98 105
EAST NORTH CENTRAL:
Two Northern Ohio markets. 92.0 15.1 95.6 14.6 109 97 104
Three other Ohio markets.. 51.0 15.1 54.2 14.8 112 98 107
Two Indiana markets....... 13.1 15.3 12.8 15.1 99 92 97
Chicago, Ill.............. 267.5 13.9 267.2 13.9 100 98 100
Quad Cities, Ill.-Ia...... 9.8 14.3 10.1 14.3 97 130 102
Southern Michigan.......... 114.8 14.2 117.9 13.7 108 94 103
N.E.Vis. & Up.Pen., Mich.. 28.5 17.2 28.9 17.5 101 101 101
Milwaukee, Wis............ 28. 17.4 29.0 17.1 105 97 102
WEST NORTH CENTRAL:
Minneapolis-St.Paul, Minn. 48.4 17.6 49.6 17.6 99 108 103
Four Iowa markets......... 37.0 14.6 37.1 14.9 97 122 100
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans..... 26.1 15.6 28.3 15.6 109 108 109
St. Louis, Mo............. 31.0 15.2 31.1 14.9 103 97 100
Ozarks, Mo.-Ark........... 5.7 14.0 6.0 14.1 103 121 106
Two South Dakota markets.. 4.8 16.7 4.9 16.8 102 98 101
Omaha-Linc.-C.B. Neb.-Ia.. 17.7 14.2 17.9 14.0 103 89 101
Three Kansas markets...... 17.9 13.9 18.0 13.9 99 108 100
SOUTH ATLANTIC:
Wilmington, Del............ 4.2 20.8 4.3 19.8 155 88 102
App. & Blfld.,Va.-W.Va.-T. 1.1 19.8 1.6 18.7 127 94 109
Clarksbg. & Wheeling,V.Va. 7.0 15.4 7.4 15.3 113 95 106
North Carolina -S..... 22.4 24.3 109 109 109
South Carolina-S...I.... 6.9 8.2 151 91 119
Southeastern Florida...... L6.2 15.5 51.6 15.2 120 10h 112
EAST SOUTH CENTRAL:
Louisville & Paducah, Ky.. 10.6 16.5 11.7 16.3 114 103 110
Four Tennessee markets.... 16.0 18.6 16.4 18.0 112 92 102
Three Mississippi markets. 10.3 17.0 10.5 16.7 104 95 102
WEST SOUTH CENTRAL:
Central Arkansas.......... 5.5 16.4 5.8 16.2 105 107 106
Two Louisiana markets..... 13.5 17.7 14.0 17.1 115 91 103
Oklahoma Metropolitan..... 17.5 16.0 18.3 15.9 103 108 105
Red River Val., Okla.-Tex. 5.0 15.3 5.1 15.5 98 121 103
North Texas................ 31.2 17.2 32.3 17.4 104 105 104
Five Texas markets........ 36.2 15.8 36.7 15.8 101 103 101
MIOUTAIN:
Two Colorado markets...... 7.9 14.3 7.8 15.1 98 108 100
Central Arizona........... 18.5 14.2 19.7 14.5 107 104 106
PACIFIC:
Inland Empire, Wash.-Ida.. 8.6 17.2 8.5 17.2 98 97 98
Puget Sound, Wash......... 50.4 16.8 50.7 16.8 99 104 101
California-S ............. 453.1 14.8 451.1 14.9 98 104 100

Total (66 areas) 6/ 1,748.3 15.5 1,778.1 15.4 102.8 99.6 101.7
S- From State Sources. i Quantities include: Mixtures mixtures of milk and cream (excluding egg nog);
Fluid cream sweet and sour cream sold within defined marketing areas. For a list of markets combined,
see page 31. 2/ Revised. 3/ Preliminary (December sales estimated.). 4/ Estimated on basis of data for
June-Dec., Southeastern New England; Apr.-Dec., Connecticut. 5/Military sales excluded. 6/ Computed
from unrounded data. Test computations exclude Southeastern New England, Connecticut, North Carolina and
South Carolina.
Compiled from reports of Market Administrators and State milk control agencies.


- 29 -







Table 23.--Average daily receipts of Milk from producers, number of producers, and average daily
receipts per producer in certain Federal Order and State marketing areas, 1959-1960 1


Marketing area


NEW ENGLAUD:
Boston, Mass..............
Spfld. & Wore., Mass......
SoutheasternJmew England..
Connecticut. ............
MIDDLE ATLANTIC:
Federal markets in N. Y...
Niagara Frontier, N. Y. -S
Rochester. N. Y. -S.......
New Jersey -S.............
Philadelphia, Pa.........
E. NORTH CENTRAL:
Two Northern Ohio markets.
Three other Ohio markets..
Two Indiana markets.......
Chicago, Ill ..............
QRd Chies, I1.-la ......
RBokfove-Freeport, Ill...
Muskegon, Rich...........
Southern Michigan.. ......
Upstate Michigan..........
N.L.Wis. & Up. Pen., Mich.
Milwaukee, Wis............
W. NORTH CENTRAL:
Duluth-Superior, Minn.-Wis.
Minneapolis-St. Paul,Minn.
Four Iowa markets..........
Dubuque, Iowa.............
Kansas City, Mo.-Kana.....
St. Louis, Mo..............
Ozarks, Mo.-Ark...........
Two South Dakota markets..
Eastern South Dakota......
Omaha-Linc.-C.B.,Nebr.-Ia.
Pl4te Valley, Nebr.......
Three Kansas markets......
SOUTH ATLANTIC:
Wilmington, Del...........
App. & B1fid., Va.-W.Va.-T
Clarksbg. & Wheeling, W.Va.
Tri-State, Ky.-Ohio-W. Va.
North Carolina -S.........
South Carolina -S.........
Southeastern Florida......
E. SOUTH CENTRAL:
Louisville & Paducah, Ky..
Four Tenn. markets........
Three Mississippi markets.
V. SOUTH CENTRAL:
Fort Smith, Ark...........
Central Arkansas ..........
TwO Louisiana markets.....
Oklahoma Metropolitan.....
Red River Valley, Okla.-Tex
North Texab..............
Five Texas markets.........


Nbceipts frm prouncerae
1960
1959 1960 as % of
1 1959
1,000 1,000
pounds pounds Percent
5,163 5,336 103
985 1,078 109
1,604 1,650 103
2,619 2,782 106

25,240 26,559 105
2,037 2,131 105
913 933 102
.021 132 101
,195 1, 426 106

5,075 5,222 103
3,263 3,629 111
999 1,079 108
14,394 14,542 101
531 519 98
146 157 108
273 277 101
5,601 8,164 146
343 182 53
1,376 1,388 101
1,623 1,571 97

483 477 99
2,334 2,585 111
2,011 2,067 103
137 135 99
1,739 1,851 106
1,898 1,981 104
493 521 106
389 388 100
106 94 89
807 841 104
243 263 108
1,186 1,296 109

218 178 72
553 583 105
628 641 102
645 689 107
2,302 2,454 107
981 1,007 103
1,202 1,286 107

1,185 1,505 127
2,123 2,246 106
904 948 105

125 120 96
549 561 102
1,377 1,499 109
1,370 1,483 108
423 4t59 109
2,468 2,179 100
2,292 2,378 104


Numbr of producers I Receipts per producer


1960
1959 1960 Ias of
1 I V59


1960
1959 1960 as % of
1959


Number Number Percent Pounds Pounds Percent


10,645 10,175 96
1,709 1,783 104
2,191 2,123 97
3,188 3,132 98

17,535 46,679 98
3,234 3,017 94
1,21? 1.140 914
3,240 3,111 96
7,387 (,086 96

10,779 10,127 94
7,663 7,575 99
2,078 2,005 96
19,570 18,883 96
857 737 86
184 192 104
1454 28 94
11,012 13,952 127
611 316 52
2,081 2,041 98
2,039 1,925 914

1,201 1,106 92
3,207 3,324 104
2,983 2,757 92
184 169 92
3,158 2,943 93
3,135 3,228 94
1,023 1,028 100
460 443 96
119 126 85
1,341 1,335 100
354 349 99
1,956 1,929 99

329 215 65
1,032 1,045 101
1,715 1,685 97
1,809 1,674 93
4,063 3,818 95
1,297 1,224 914
104 103 99

2,197 2,657 121
L,070 3,972 98
1, 845 1,661 90

258 227 88
992 999 101
2,734 2,735 100
2,465 2,425 98
582 573 98
2,857 2,619 92
2,351 2,228 95


185 524
576 605
732 777
822 888


531 569
630 699
753 818
932 1,007
568 625

471 516
426 479
181 538
736 770
620 7014
793 816
601 646
509 585
561 577
661 680
796 822

402 431
728 778
674 750
7L5 797
551 629
553 614
482 506
846 876
711 747
602 630
693 764
606 672

754 829
536 558
360 380
357 411
567 638
756 823
11,558 12,188

539 566
522 565
490 571

814 559
605 656
5014 548
556 611
727 801
861 9147
975 1,067


107
io
111
109
108
110

110
112
loi
114
103
107
115
103
103
103

107
107
111

111
107
111
105
lOl
105
11Q
111
iln


1014
106
115
113
109
108

105
108
117

115
108
109
110
110
110
109






Table 23.-Average daily receipts of milk from producers, number of producers, and average daily
receipts per producer in certain Federal Order and State marketing areas, 1959-60 l--Continued
Receipts from producers Number of producers Receipts per producers
M1960 1960 1960
Marketing area 1959 1960 as of 1959 1960 as of 1959 1960 as % of
_1959 1959 1959
1,000 1,000
MOUNTAIN: pounds pounds Percent Number Number Percent Pounds Pounds Percent
Two Colorado markets.... 376 429 114t 5 521 99 715 823 115
Central Arizona......... 1,179 1,172 99 432 400 93 2,729 2,931 107
PACIFIC:
Inland Empire,Wash.-Idaho 442 450 102 780 694 89 567 648 114
Puget Sound, Wash. ...... 2,780 2,959 106 3,485 3,347 96 798 884 111
Total (78 markets) /.. 112,760 120,000 106.4 189,885 186,914 98.4 594 642 108.1
1/ Quantities include receipts of milk from producers by handlers regulated in the respective market-
ing areas. For a list of markets combined, see below. In Federal markets, producer-handlers not
purchasing milk excluded. Previous year revised, current year preliminary. 2/ April-December only.
3/ Area expanded February 1, 1960. 4/ Connecticut excluded.

Compiled from reports of Market Administrators and State milk control agencies.


MARKET COMBINATIONS IN SALES AND RECEIPTS TABLES

The following marketing areas have been combined in the sales and receipts tables of this report:
Northern Ohio Northeastern and Toledo; other Ohio Cincinnati, Columbus and Dayton-Springfield;
Indiana Fort Wayne and South Bend-LaPorte-Elkhart; Iowa Cedar Rapids-Iowa City, Des Moines, North
Central and Sioux City; South Dakota- Black Hills and Sioux Falls-Mitchell; Kansas- Neosho Valley,
Southwest and Wichita; Tennessee- Chattanooga, Knoxville, Memphis and Nashville; Mississippi Delta,
Central and Gulf; Louisiana New Orleans and Northern; Texas Austin-Waco, Corpus Christi, Central
West, San Antonio and Panhandle; and Colorado Colorado Springs-Pueblo and Western.



Table 24.-End-of-month cold storage holdings, dairy products, United States, 1956-60

Month Creamery butter American cheese
1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960
1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds
January.......... 131,664 28,855 86,114 63,708 33,992 469,336 386,924 344,943 235,998 245,755
February......... 97,907 31,946 87,684 64,033 42,958 439,861 356,506 318,444 227,830 231,719
March........... 87,840 40,915 106,315 63,294 64,865 433,358 355,658 307,487 226,083 228,222
April.......... 76,882 61,996 115,548 82,278 86,148 426,887 355,337 293,270 248,748 240,950
May.............. 79,685 95,998 135,492 104,138 119,117 449,571 391,152 295,554 272,216 267,071
June............ 110,318 147,013 170,575 138,224 162,731 483,883 424,143 315,778 307,301 304,111
July............ 133,918 176,061 190,439 148,060 179,861 509,474 454,504 319,160 330,626 315,728
August.......... 118,217 171,815 178,352 131,988 169,325 509,625 466,815 315,275 334,261 317,946
September....... 90,252 145,262 145,671 93,012 135,540 492,648 458,427 304,842 327,126 304,237
October.......... 62,261 126,921 119,703 67,286 116,015 448,857 429,443 282,444 308,105 291,735
November........ 39,640 109,373 93,347 46,690 90,587 414,606 404,135 256,405 281,033 287,718
December........ 25,103 87,312 69,295 31,050 76,808 401,079 376,618 249,042 265,671 292,011
Swiss cheese Other varieties of cheese
January ......... 7,376 9,714 6,575 10,470 10,641 20,034 30,849 29,013 23,001 26,894
February........ 7,505 10,321 7,185 9,803 10,436 18,683 30,752 27,840 22,467 26,072
March........... 7,196 10,382 5,752 8,562 9,557 19,867 31,545 26,634 22,626 24,056
April.......... 7,058 11,473 5,513 9,268 9,343 22,334 34,495 29,566 25,173 25,619
May............ 6,710 11,243 3,282 8,437 9,796 25,873 32,629 31,934 29,454 30,656
June............ 6,360 10,445 5,189 9,156 9,681 31,262 36,200 32,834 31,268 31,373
July............. 6,850 10,472 6,727 9,500 10,055 32,010 35,230 38,917 31,494 34,324
August........... 8,751 10,870 8,869 11,216 10,930 32,142 35,595 38,882 30,356 30,038
September....... 8,794 10,291 9,087 12,017 11,476 30,665 34,134 36,520 30,719 30,476
October......... 9,317 8,554 10,501 10,747 11,969 31,211 30,430 34,898 30,609 29,307
November......... 9,492 7,805 10,400 10,795 11,993 30,631 28,737 35,194 28,387 29,093
December......... 9,948 7,058 10,594 10,867 11,782 30,055 26,848 33,553 27,546 28,801

31 -





UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

3 1262 08856 6335


UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
WASHINGTON 25, D. C.


Official Business


Table 24.-End-of-month cold storage holdings, dairy products, United States, 1956-60--Continued
Evaporated and condensed milk Condensed milk
Month (case goods) (sweetened and unsweetened) bulk
1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960
1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds
January ......... 11,115 12,014 12,388 16,104 26,104 6,818 5,205 7,840 2,463 5,132
February......... 2,398 4,050 4,455 5,505 16,537 6,259 4,433 6,808 2,288 4,717
March............ 2,756 1,739 2,907 3,501 10,414 6,636 5,110 6,822 2,699 4,074
April........... 5,830 6,539 3,759 5,904 9,439 8,740 7,342 4,672 3,203 4,153
May............ 9,600 19,473 9,539 16,440 15,446 12,433 15,263 8,875 5,219 5,063
June............ 39,714 48,178 29,878 35,714 22,224 15,047 19,090 10,867 8,003 5,111
July............ 81,407 75,180 50,991 48,736 29,729 15,236 19,219 10,966 7,909 5,345
August......... 99,531 89,860 58,992 56,204 50,021 13,891 16,505 9,997 7,184 3,839
September....... 105,490 87,935 58,048 62,362 50,577 11,269 13,150 8,310 6,930 2,988
October......... 98,765 83,391 54,140 56,221 47,613 8,907 11,873 7,344 6,365 2,359
November......... 72,542 48,960 51,243 47,211 40,726 7,175 9,822 5,527 5,882 1,955
December........ 38,567 25,758 35,603 37,584 33,470 5,829 8,605 2,776 5,786 725

Fluid cream Plastic cream

January.......... 6,006 5,914 9,041 5,089 5,920 570 616 1,716 880 1,322
February........ 5,054 5,375 7,968 4,29g 5,791 210 468 1,293 523 1,587
March............ 6,099 6,036 7,717 4,421 6,419 695 573 1,157 806 2,404
April........... 9,821 9,750 9,327 7,922 9,329 2,438 1,912 1,788 1,357 4,531
May............. 16,331 21,543 16,266 15,355 18,431 4,080 4,697 3,576 2,611 5,970
June............ 25,299 26,634 25,878 22,610 24,626 6,587 6,078 5,079 4,033 5,385
July............ 26,603 27,558 22,554 19,862 23,365 6,602 6,061 4,742 4.353 4,700
August.......... 22,490 23,204 18,919 15,284 19,991 5,472 4,4i4 4,040 3,696 3,371
September....... 18,278 18,250 15,837 11,611 16,987 3,991 4,106 2,570 2,351 2,364
October......... 14,073 16,611 12,794 10,227 14,057 3,677 3,470 2,520 1,801 1,716
November........ 9,014 13 233 9,747 8,042 11,031 2,075 2,715 1,526 1,488 974
December ........ 6,426 10,.43 6,409 6,174 8,026 982 2,023 824 1,308 499

32 -




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