Milk production on farms and statistics of dairy plant products

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Title:
Milk production on farms and statistics of dairy plant products
Series Title:
<1956>-1959: Da
Physical Description:
v. : ; 27 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
United States -- Crop Reporting Board
Publisher:
The Bureau
Place of Publication:
Washington
Publication Date:
Frequency:
annual
regular

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Subjects / Keywords:
Milk trade -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )

Notes

Statement of Responsibility:
United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
-1959.
Issuing Body:
Issued 19<49-1953> by the Bureau of Agricultural Economics; <1954-1956> by the Agricultural Marketing Service; <1958>-1959 by the Agricultural Marketing Service, Crop Reporting Board.
General Note:
Description based on: 1949; title from caption.

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University of Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 028035476
oclc - 18145303
lccn - sn 92034070
Classification:
lcc - HD9282.U3 A35
System ID:
AA00013014:00003

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Full Text


MILK PRODUCTION ON FARMS
AND STATISTICS OF
DAIRY PLANT PRODUCTS


@


Da 3 (60)


1959





UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Agricultural Marketing Service
Crop Reporting Board
Washington, D.C.
February 1960







-CONTENTS


P eage


Summary................ ........................... ...............


Milk cows and milk production on farms................

Tables:
Milk cows and milk production, by years
United States..................................
States.........................................
Milk production, by months
United States..................................
Selected States................................
Milk cows for breeding and replacement purposes
United States..................................
States ............... .........................


* *999 *9 *9999~


Manufactured dairy products: Production, stocks, sales and prices.
Tables:
Production
Butter......................................................
Cheese ......................................................


Frozen products.................................
Evaporated and condensed milk...................
Dry milk products ...............................

Stocks
Evaporated and condensed milk...................
Dry milk products ...............................

Manufacturing milk prices and milkfat tests
Butter..........................................
Cheese ..........................................
Evaporated milk.................................
All....................o.O.O........... ................

Manufacturers' selling prices
Evaporated milk.................................
Dry milk products..............................

Fluid milk and cream: Prices, sales and receipts......
Tables:
Fluid milk prices
To producers.................
To consumers....................................


Daily sales and test
Whole milk .........................................
Skim milk products.................................
Milk and cream mixtures ............................
Fluid cream ........................................
Daily receipts.......................................


99999999999.
9.9.9.......
9...........


9...........
9 9* 99* 9**
0oeoe 0 0eoe .

0e 0 o 0

eee 0 o 0eoee


....9.......

99.99.e99.99


9o9999999999
..........o..
. ..... .. 0 oo
............ 0
.. .. 0


9.9.........
*. O. O... .. a


.9......
.......e.o

9.9......


- 2 -


5
6

5
7-9


11



12,13
12-15
12,13
15,16
16



17
17,18


18
18,19
19
19,20


20
20-22


24
24,25


26,27
26,27
28,29
28,29
30,31


.. 0 ..*






February 19, 1960


MILK PRODUCTION ON FARMS AND
STATISTICS OF DAIRY PLANT PRODUCTS, 1959 ~/

SUMMARY

Milk cows on farms in the United States produced 124,396 million pounds of
milk in 1959. Production was down about half of 1 percent from the previous
year, and marked the continued decline since the record high production was
reached in 1957. The decrease in total output during 1959 was attributed to the
continued decline in number of milk cows on farms, since the annual rate per cow
attained a new record high. Milk per cow, averaging 6,438 pounds, increased
nearly 2 percent from the previous record set in 1958. The average number of
milk cows on farms during 1959 was 19,322 thousand head. This was about 2 percent
less than in 1958 and was the smallest number since annual estimates were started
in 1924.
Notable new high production records were set in 1959 by total frozen products,
nonfat dry milk and the combined total of cheese other than American. Cheese
varieties showing new highs were brick and Munster combined, cream, Italian, and
creamed cottage cheese and curd. Blue mold cheese output was the second largest
in the 15 years during which separate records were kept on this variety. Total
frozen products including Mellorine shattered all previous records. Ice cream
production was at its peak, except for 1946, and sherbet was the highest in the
past 14 years. For the fifteenth consecutive year, ice milk has risen to new
high levels. On the other hand, creamery butter production was at its lowest
point in the past seven years. Evaporated whole milk production was the smallest
since 1939 while dry buttermilk declined 3 percent from its 1958 record high.

Dealers' buying prices of milk for fluid use in 160 markets in the United
States, averaging $5.41 per hundredweight, were about the same in 1959 as 1958.
Prices per single quart of milk delivered to homes in 25 major markets were 0.2
cent per quart above 1958 when the previous high average for this group of
markets was established. Average daily sales of whole milk products in 49
Federal Order and 3 State markets in 1959 were 2 percent above 1958. Skim milk
product sales in 48 of these markets in 1959 were 9 percent above the previous
year. Milk and cream mixture sales in the 51 markets were up 4 percent. Sales
of fluid cream for this same group of markets were 2 percent below the previous
year. Average daily receipts in 65 Federal Order and 3 State marketing areas
during 1959 were 3 percent above a year earlier. Numbers of producers in these
markets were 4 percent lower, but receipts per producer were 8 percent higher
than in 1958.



1/ This report was prepared in the Dairy Statistics Branch under the
direction of I. E. Wissinger, Chief, and agricultural statisticians W. D. Bormuth,
L. W. Haynes, L. W. Wallin, and H. M. Walters.


- 3 -






MILK COWS AND MILK PRODUCTION ON FARMS, 1959

Milk cows on farms in the United States produced 124,396 million pounds of
milk in ir 1. Production was down about half of 1 percent from the revised 1958
production of 124,883 million pounds, andI marked the continued decline since the
record high milk production was reached in 1957. The decline in total output
during 19%e was attributed to the decrease in number of milk cows on farms since
the annual rate per cow attained a new record high. Milk per cow, averaging 6,438
pounds, increased nearly 2 percent from 1958. Annual milk per cow was 16 percent
above the 1948-57 average, while total production was 4 percent above average.
Total milk produced in 1959 was sufficient to provide 702 pounds per capital in the
United States -- 15 pounds less than in the year earlier and the lowest since
estimates were started in 1924.

Milk production increased from 1958 in the East and West Coast regions, but
decreased in the central part of the country. The West showed an increase of 3
percent due primarily to heavier output in California, Idaho, and Arizona.
Production increased 2 percent in the South Atlantic States, as Florida had a
substantial gain. In the North Atlantic region, Pennsylvania and New Jersey con-
tributed most of the 1 percent gain. In the other 3 regions where milk production
declined from 1958, only 2 States -- Minnesota and Louisiana -- had increases.
Production was down 1 percent in the West North Central and 2 percent in both the
East North Central and South Central regions. Of the six major milk producing
States, Minnesota, Pennsylvania, and California attained new record highs in
production, while Wisconsin, New York, and Iowa indicated declines from 1958.

Milk production per cow in 1959 exceeded all previous years and topped the
previous record set in 1958 by 122 pounds. Annual output per milk cow has in-
creased every year since it passed the 6,000-pound level for the first time in 1956.
Production per cow showed the most significant gains from 1958 in the West North
Central and South Atlantic regions. Increases in these areas were about 3 percent.
Rate of milk flow was up 2 percent in the North Atlantic and the West, and up 1
percent in both the East North Central and South Central regions.

The average number of milk cows on farms during 1959 was 19,322 thousand
head. This was about 2 percent less than in 1958, when 19,773 thousand head
were on farms. Milk cow numbers have declined each year since the small upturn
in 1953. The 1959 number of milk cows was the smallest since annual estimates
were started in 1924. Milk cows increased 1 percent from 1958 in the West, but
decreased in all other parts of the country. The number decreased 4 percent in
the West North Central region, followed by 3 percent in the East North Central
and South Central, and about 1 percent in both the North and South Atlantic.
In 1959, numbers were up from the previous year in only 7 States -- Florida,
California, Idaho, Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, and Nevada. Wisconsin, the leading
milk cow State with 2,192,000 head, registered about a 2 percent drop in the milk
cow population. Second and third ranking States -- Minnesota and New York --
both showed the same declines in milk cows.

Cows and heifers 2 years old and over kept for milk on farms totaled 21,331
thousand head on January 1, 1960. This was a decrease of 1 percent from the
previous January 1 and the smallest number for the date since 1917. There was a
total of 5,454 thousand heifers 1 to 2 years old kept for milk on farms on
January 1, 1960 -- a gain of 3 percent from the same date a year earlier, which is
the first increase in numbers since 1953. Heifer calves under 1 year old kept for
milk showed an increase of 4 percent from January 1, 1959, and was the largest
number on farms since January 1, 1954.

4 -







Table l.-Milk


cows and milk production on farms,
average 1925-44, annual 1945-59


United States,


Number of Production per Total milk production
Year milk cows milk cow / on farms 2/
on farms l/ Milk Milkfat Quantity Per capital

Thousands Pounds Pounds Mil. lb. Pounds
1925-44 av. ... 23,416 4,447 175 104,130 820
1945........... 25,033 4,787 190 119,828 856
1946........... 24,089 4,886 194 117,697 832
1947........... 23,329 5,007 199 116,814 810
1948........... 22,336 5,044 200 112,671 768
1949........... 22,024 5,272 209 116,103 778
19 50........... 21,944 5,314 210 116,602 769
1951 ........... 21,505 5,333 210 114,681 743
1952........... 21,338 5,374 210 114,671 730
1953........... 21,691 5,542 215 120,221 753
1954........... 21,581 5,657 219 122,094 752
1955........... 21,193 5,810 224 123,128 745
1956............ 20,900 6,004 230 125,474 746
1957........... 20,443 6,160 235 125,939 736
1'58........... 19,773 6,316 239 124,883 717
1959 3/........ 19,322 6,438 243 124,396 702

1/ Average number on farms during year excluding heifers not yet fresh.
2/ Excludes milk sucked by calves and milk produced by cows not on farms.
3/ Preliminary.

Table 2.-Milk cattle for breeding and replacement purposes
on farms, United States, January 1, 1945-60
Cows and Heifers 1-2 years Heifer calves under Cows and heifers
heifers 2 kept for 1 year kept for eliminated during
Year years old milk cows milk cows year 1/
and over
and over Per 100 Per 100 Per 100
kept for Dflnber Number Number
milk cows cows cows
milk
Thousands Thousands Number Thousands Number Thousands Number
1945........... 27,770 6,307 22.7 6,772 24.4 7,556 27.2
196.......... 26,521 5,758 21.7 6,270 23.6 6,437 24.3
1947........... 25,842 5,524 21.4 6,317 24.4 6,751 26.1
1948........... 24,615 5,550 22.5 6,00o 24.4 6,303 25.6
1?499........... 23,862 5,327 22.3 6,081 25.5 5,336 22.4
1950........... 23,853 5,394 22.6 6,208 26.0 5,679 23.8
1951........... 23,568 5,493 23.3 6,337 26.9 6,001 25.5
1)52........... 23,060 5,694 24.7 6,481 28.1 5,205 22.6
1953........... 23,549 5,893 25.0 6,479 27.5 5,546 23.6
1954........... 23,896 5,873 24.6 6,392 26.7 6,307 26.4
1955........... 23,462 5,786 24.7 6,113 26.1 6,035 25.7
1956........... 23,213 5,480 23.6 6,044 26.0 5,777 24.9
1957........... 22,916 5,377 23.5 5,977 26.1 6,060 26.4
1958........... 22,233 5,297 23.8 5,883 26.5 6,042 27.2
1959........... 21,488 5,296 24.6 5,951 27.7 5,453 25.4
1960........... 21,331 5,454 25.6 6,199 29.1

1/ Cows and heifers 1 year old and over at beginning of year less cows 2 years old and over at end of
year. Includes animals culled out, death losses, and farm slaughter.

Table 3.-Milk production on farms, United States, by months, average 1948-57, annual 1958 and 1959
LIn millions of pounds
Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Total
1948-57 av. ... 8,717 8,562 10,034 10,685 12,435 12,224 11,365 10,451 9,225 8,824 8,118 8,518 119,158
1(58........... 9,754 9,309 10,704 11,175 12,654 12,309 11,410 10,395 9,464 9,460 8,903 9,346 124,883
1959 /........ 9,854 9,373 10,734 11,209 12,536 12,059 11,158 10,243 9,471 9,476 8,894 9,389 124,396
1/ Preliminary.


- 5 -







Table 4.-Milk cows and milk production on farms, by States,
average 1918-57, 1958 and 1959
Milk cows Milk production Total milk production
State on farms i/ per cow 2/ on farms 2/
and
division Average 1958 1959 3 Average 1958 1959 / Average
1948-57division 1959 / 1948-57 1959 1948-57 1958 1959 3J


Me. ............
N. H. ...........
Vt. ............
Mass. ..........
R. I. ...........
Conn. ..........
N. Y. ..........
N. J. ..........
Pa. ............
N. Atl. ......
Ohio............
Ind ..........
Illn. ...........
Mich. ..........
Wis. ...........
E. N. Cent. ..
Minn. ..........
Iowa............
Mo ...........
N. Dak. ........
S. Dak. ........
Nebr. ...........
Kans. ...........
W. N. Cent. ..
Del. ...........
Md. ............
Va. ...........
W. Va. .........
N. C. ..........
S. C. ..........
Ga ...........
Fla. ...........
S. Atl. ......
Ky. ............
Tenn. ..........
Ala. ...........
Miss. ..........
Ark. ...........
La. ............
Okla. ..........
Tex. ...........
S. Cent. ....
Mont .........
Idaho...........
Wyo. ...........
Colo. ..........
N. Mex. ........
Ariz. ..........
Utah............
Nev. ...........
Wash. ..........
Oreg. ..........
Calif. .........
West. ........
U. S. ........


Thou-
sands
111
61
269
118
18
107
1,326
150
914


Thou-
sands
101
54
265
100
16
97
1,280
138
930


Thou-
sands
97
53
260
97
15
94
1,256
137
928


Pounds
5,834
5,895
5,980
6,741
7,433
6,629
6,907
7,586
6,448


Pounds
6,800
6,520
6,710
7,820
8,150
7,530
7,680
8,180
7,050


Pounds
7,070
6,680
6,850
8,060
8,450
7,800
7,770
8,440
7,290


Million
pounds
647
357
1,609
793
136
711
9,166
1,139
5,899


Million
pounds
687
352
1,778
782
130
736
9,830
1,129
6,556


Million
pounds
686
354
1,781
782
127
733
9,759
1,156
6,765


3,074 2,981 2,937 6,651 7,371 7,539 20,456 21,974 22,143
902 789 767 6,062 6,810 6,860 5,445 5,373 5,262
638 514 488 5,943 7,010 7,200 3,760 3,603 3,514
858 718 676 6,040 6,920 6,970 5,150 4,969 4,712
834 759 745 6,473 7,200 7,270 5,392 5,465 5,416
2,236 2,226 2,192 7,044 8,080 8,080 15,755 17,986 17,711
5,469 5,006 4,868 6,504 7,470 7,522 35,502 37,396 36,615
1,370 1,336 1,305 6,232 7,300 7,640 8,537 9,753 9,970
1,072 949 906 5,667 6,530 6,540 6,059 6,197 5,925
890 759 734 4,546 5,030 5,090 4,039 3,818 3,736
370 324 312 4,718 5,450 5,600 1,741 1,766 1,747
317 289 274 4,371 5,030 5,190 1,384 1,454 1,422
442 380 360 5,070 5,480 5,610 2,234 2,082 2,020
514 394 375 4,732 5,140 5,330 2,414 2,025 1,999
4,975 4,431 4,266 5,320 6,115 6,287 26,407 27,095 26,819
35 31 30 5,557 6,480 6,700 193 201 201
231 229 227 5,891 6,680 6,690 1,361 1,530 1,519
416 371 368 4,769 5,500 5,580 1,976 2,040 2,053
197 172 168 4,124 4,620 4,690 812 795 788
358 352 351 4,551 4,910 4,960 1,630 1,728 1,741
150 143 141 3,878 4,120 4,180 582 589 589
319 290 280 3,672 4,080 4,300 1,170 1,183 1,204
160 214 223 4,657 5,260 5,650 755 1,126 1,260
1,866 1,802 1,788 4,545 5,101 5,232 8,480 9,192 9,355
592 566 554 4,119 4,520 4,540 2,439 2,558 2,515
627 589 573 3,773 4,060 4,100 2,364 2,391 2,349
359 324 318 3,465 3,440 3,440 1,243 1,115 1,094
510 479 453 2,848 2,970 3,100 1,452 1,423 1,404
374 291 283 3,332 3,760 3,810 1,242 1,094 1,078
296 285 274 2,616 2,970 3,110 773 846 852
468 344 338 3,891 4,510 4,560 1,802 1,551 1,541
888 689 659 3,585 4,370 4,400 3,150 3,011 2,900
4,112 3,567 3,452 3,525 3,922 3,978 14,464 13,989 13,733
106 90 88 5,102 5,560 5,510 540 500 485
204 212 216 6,603 7,330 7,410 1,352 1,554 1,601
43 36 35 5,222 5,730 5,720 225 206 200
162 136 132 5,573 6,250 6,500 899 850 858
50 46 49 4,364 5,040 4,950 216 232 243
47 51 53 6,650 8,14o 8,730 312 415 463
100 100 101 6,797 7,470 7,570 682 747 765
14 15 16 6,187 6,550 6,880 88 98 110
257 251 251 6,871 7,560 7,620 1,766 1,898 1,913
202 180 179 5,977 6,250 6,250 1,206 1,125 1,119
813 869 891 8,049 8,760 8,950 6,563 7.612 7,974
1,999 1,986 2,011 6,926 7,672 7,822 13,849 15,237 15.731


L2,490o


19, ((3


1 Average number on farms during
Excludes milk sucked by calves
3/ Preliminary.


year excluding heifers not yet fresh.
and milk produced by cows not on farms.


8 51,911 125, 883 12 6


- 6 -


19,77


2 23,91 5, 551


6 13,6 6 638







Table 5.-Milk production on farms, selected States, by months, average 1948-57, annual 1958 and 1959

New York New Jersey Pennsylvania
Month 1959 -./ 57 1/--
_______age 1958 1959 Average 1958 1959 Arag 1958 1959 _/
1948-57 11948-57 111948-57


January........
February.......
March..........
April..........
May............
June...........
July...........
August.........
September......
October........
November.......
December.......
Total........


January........
February.......
March..........
April..........
May............
June...........
July...........
August.........
September......
October........
November.......
December.......
Total........


January........
February.......
March..........
April..........
May............
June...........
July...........
August.........
September......
October........
November.......
December.......
Total........


January........
February.......
March..........
April..........
May............
June...........
July...........
August.........
September......
October........
November.......
December.......
Total........


Mil. b.
680
650
799
856
986
960
807
722
684
701
642
680
9,166


Mil.lb.
791
721
880
914
1,014
1,002
843
750
719
758
700
738
9,830


Mil.lb.
779
728
869
90o4
1,004
971
806
718
733
768
710
769
9,759


Mil.lb.
93
88
100
100
111
100
92
93
91
91
87
92
1,139


Mil.lb.
97
89
103
102
110
96
89
90
88
89
86
90
1,129


Mil .lb.
93
88
102
102
113
101
94
94
92
93
90
94
1,156


Mil .lb.
452
430
510
526
6oo
555
513
494
472
468
429
450
5,899


Mil.lb.
527
481
581
588
670
615
549
538
515
514
483
495
6.556


Mil .lb.
529
488
596
603
690
625
570
553
534
535
514
528
6.765


Ohio Indiana Illinois
393 420 410 264 275 264 383 383 370
373 378 378 264 256 249 381 379 368
436 432 426 3o04 289 280 435 428 408
460 442 440 314 302 292 448 435 409
560 532 521 390 362 357 531 502 473
546 512 495 382 350 342 511 477 451
515 479 461 366 336 324 482 455 431
490 452. 439 350 322 313 460 428 402
452 446 430 319 301 293 4o8 386 362
436 459 438 292 290 283 387 376 358
392 415 405 258 261 261 355 351 330
392 406 419 258 259 256 371 369 350
5,445 5,373 5,262 3,760 3,603 3,514 5,150 4,969 4,712
Michigan Wisconsin Minnesota

394 409 420 1,180 1,453 1,521 726 881 953
383 387 389 1,175 1,394 1,441 728 859 917
449 441 441 1,413 1,632 1,643 847 981 1,038
462 462 472 1,499 1,680 1,679 840 962 1,012
534 515 509 1,722 1,869 1,861 932 1,022 1,044
548 526 519 1,727 1,879 1,825 915 1,000 985
504 494 478 1,490 1,595 1,540 753 826 808
479 478 466 1,282 1,348 1,304 606 632 619
442 449 443 1,096 1,210 1,176 492 531 541
424 449 439 1,047 1,268 1,221 494 582 579
378 420 413 1,ooo 1,265 1,183 536 660 658
394 435 427 1,125 1,393 1,317 667 817 816
5,392 5,465 5,416 15.755 17.986 17.711 8.597 9.753 9,970
Iowa Missouri North Dakota


449
436
508
524
641
645
597
535
458
438
402
425
6,059


488
475
537
553
641
634
595
520
454
439
410
451
6,197


481
462
513
527
606
599
551
496
431
429
394
436
5,925


264
255
303
350
435
424
412
397
351
318
267
262
4,039


276
264
289
324
401
394
385
364
317
292
257
255
3,818


267
260
283
321
393
376
375
356
315
295
250
245
3,736


107
117
141
153
192
221
206
171
130
108
95
101
1,741


119
131
157
157
186
215
193
158
127
115
100
108
1,766


117
129
159
160
185
213
191
155
123
112
96
107
1,747


I/ Preliminary.


- 7 -







Table 5.-Milk production on farms, selected States, by months, average 1948-57, annual 1958 and 1959--Con.

South Dakota Nebraska Kansas
Month I
Average 195 1959 Average 1958 1959 / Averag 1958 1959 /
~_____~____ 1948-57 7 1 1948-57 _7_ 1W 1948-57 1958_ __


January.......
February......
March.........
April.........
May...........
June..........
July..........
August........
September.....
October.......
November......
December......
Total.......


January.......
February......
March.........
April.........
May...........
June..........
July..........
August........
September.....
October.......
November......
December......
Total.......


January.......
February......
March.........
April.........
May...........
June..........
July..........
August........
September.....
October.......
November......
December......
Total.......


January.......
February......
March.........
April.........
May...........
June..........
July..........
August........
September.....
October.......
November......
December......
Total.......


Mil.lb.
90
95
112
120
155
164
153
128
105
91
82
87
1,384


Mil.lb.
104
111
126
134
157
157
146
121
102
95
93
108
1,454


Mil .b.
100
110
124
128
154
148
141
118
103
96
93
107
1,422


Mil.1b.
158
159
185
202
244
246
230
203
166
153
140
149
2,234


Mil.lb. Mil.lb.


157
152
172
184
226
227
207
187
151
143
133
143
2,082


150
150
171
182
221
218
194
178
147
139
128
142
2,020


Mil.lb.
179
176
204
222
256
238
220
211
182
176
172
177
2,414


Mil.1b.
169
155
176
183
205
185
171
162
149
154
154
162
2.025


Mil.lb.
166
153
175
182
204
183
169
162
148
151
151
155
1.999


Maryland Virginia West Virginia
107 123 119 137 149 149 55 57 56
102 116 112 128 135 136 52 52 50
114 128 124 147 151 154 60 60 59
116 127 126 160 163 166 65 67 64
131 149 145 190 197 192 81 80 77
117 130 129 189 190 187 83 78 76
112 129 129 190 190 185 82 77 76
115 135 135 191 193 192 78 73 72
113 130 130 181 187 187 72 68 69
114 129 133 170 175 183 68 66 68
107 116 118 149 157 164 60 60 62
110 118 119 144 153 158 56 57 59
1,361 1,530 1,519 1,976 2,040 2,053 812 795 788
North Carolina South Carolina Georgia
121 136 139 43 46 46 91 100 100
114 123 128 42 42 43 88 87 92
127 137 137 48 49 50 101 99 101
14o 146 148 52 52 53 105 105 106
154 159 164 54 54 52 107 106 105
148 150 154 53 50 50 102 100 99
151 152 154 54 51 51 104 100 99
151 154 155 53 52 51 102 98 99
140 150 148 49 51 50 97 98 101
134 144 142 47 49 49 95 98 101
124 138 135 43 46 46 89 96 100
125 139 137 44 47 48 90 96 101
1,630 1,728 1,741 582 589 589 1,170 1,183 1,204
Kentucky Tennessee Alabama


150
148
172
202
257
257
259
256
223
199
165
152
2,439


162
159
187
216
272
263
265
265
229
206
173
161
2,558


16o
158
182
213
259
257
255
265
229
206
172
159
2,515


152
146
176
206
245
238
242
239
213
188
162
156
2,364


159
147
175
207
253
240
242
239
215
190
167
157
2,391


155
146
173
203
246
232
237
233
212
193
164
155
2,349


91
89
102
110
118
116
119
113
104
98
91
91
1,243


81
76
90
101
108
103
105
100
93
89
83
86
1,115


83
77
86
98
105
102
102
98
93
87
80
83
1,094


I/ Preliminary.


-8-







Table 5.-Milk production on farms, selected States, by months, average 1948-57, annual 1958 and 1959--Con.


Month Average 1958 1959 / Average 1958 1959 / Average 1958 1959 l/
1948-57 1948-57 1948-57


January........
February.......
March..........
April..........
May............
June...........
July...........
August.........
September......
October........
November.......
December.......
Total........


January........
February.......
March..........
April..........
May............
June...........
July...........
August.........
September......
October........
November.......
December.......
Total........


January........
February.......
March..........
April..........
May............
June...........
July...........
August.........
September......
October........
November.......
December.......
Total........


January........
February........
March..........
April..........
May............
June...........
July...........
August.........
September......
October........
November.......
December.......
Total........


Mil. b.
97
97
118
136
154
145
145
136
117
108
99
98
1,452


Mil. b.
104
95
113
131
147
139
138
131
115
110
100
100
1,423


Mil. b.
98
95
112
129
143
135
134
128
119
111
100
100
1,404


Mil. lb.

79
78
92
110
130
129
127
123
107
96
87
84
1,242


Mil.lb.

75
72
82
95
113
110
110
104
90
82
81
80
1,094


Mil. lb.
71
68
79
92
109
109
108
106
93
83
81
79
1,078


Mil.lb.
130
130
150
165
196
182
173
163
140
132
121
122
1,802


Mil.lb.
113
109
124
145
161
147
144
137
123
119
114
115
1,551


Mil.lb.

113
109
122
141
158
147
143
136
122
120
115
115
1.541


Texas Montana Idaho
235 244 234 36 34 34 95 116 119
231 240 226 36 33 33 92 110 112
272 287 260 42 39 39 109 129 132
291 272 256 45 42 41 120 139 141
309 263 258 56 53 51 140 160 160
295 252 250 60 54 52 138 153 156
286 257 253 57 52 49 133 147 153
272 253 250 51 46 44 123 136 143
246 231 229 44 41 38 108 123 125
246 237 235 41 39 37 104 118 122
234 237 221 36 34 34 93 108 115
233 238 228 35 33 33 96 115 123
3,150 3,011 2,900 540 500 485 1,352 1,554 1,601
Wyoming Colorado Utah

16.3 15.4 14.2 66 66 66 54 60 61
15.3 14.3 13.7 66 63 65 51 56 57
17.7 16.1 15.0 76 70 72 58 63 65
19.0 16.9 15.9 80 75 77 60 63 65
21.8 19.2 19.7 88 81 82 66 68 70
24.0 21.8 22.2 89 80 78 67 68 70
23.3 21.3 21.1 86 78 75 64 67 69
20.6 18.9 18.1 79 73 71 58 65 66
18.5 16.6 16.4 69 66 66 51 59 61
17.3 16.1 15.3 67 65 68 52 60 62
15.3 14.6 13.7 64 65 67 49 57 58
16.1 14.8 14.7 68 68 71 53 61 61
225 206 200 899 850 858 682 747 765
Washington Oregon California


126
120
141
157
187
180
169
157
142
138
124
124
1,766


137
129
149
167
200
188
174
161
154
152
141
146
1,898


140
135
155
168
195
185
172
163
156
153
142
149
1,913


76
74
95
114
135
131
125
112
97
90
80
77
1,206


76
73
91
107
124
119
114
102
88
84
75
72
1,125


74
69
87
105
124
118
114
104
90
84
76
74
1,119


488
470
56o
594
627
597
600
577
529
525
496
502
6,563


612 606
569 564
659 676
653 701
698 734
667 700
676 711
649 694
614 650
621 661
592 635
602 642
7,612 7,974


-9-


I/ Preliminary.







Table 6.-Cows, heifers, and heifer calves kept for milk on farms, January 1,
by age groups, average 1949-58, 1959 and 1960
/In thousands

Cows and heifers 2 years Heifers 1 to 2 years old Heifer calves under 1 year
State old and over kept for milk kept for milk cows kept for milk cows
and
division Average 1959 1960 Average 1959 196 Average 1959 1960
1949-58 1 1949-58 1 1960 _/ 1949-58 1 1


Me. ...............
N. H.. .............
Vt. ...............
Mass. .............
R. I. ..............
Conn. .............
N. Y. .............
N. J. ............
Pa. .................
N. Atl. .........
Ohio...............
Ind. ..............
Ill. ..............
Mich. .............
Wis. ..............
E. N. Cent. .....
Minn. .............
Iowa...............
Mo. ................
N. Dak. ...........
S. Dak. ...........
Nebr. .............
Kans. .............
W. N. Cent. .....
Del. .... ..........
Md. ................
Va. ...............
W. Va. ............
N. C. .............
S. C. ..............
Ga. ...............
Fla. ..............
S. Atl. .........
Ky. ...............
Tenn. .............
Ala. ..............
Miss. ..............
Ark. ..............
La. ...............
Okla. .............
Tex. ..............
S. Cent. ........
Mont. .............
Idaho..............
Wyo. ..............
Colo. .............
N. Mex. ...........
Ariz. .............
Utah ..............
Nev. ..............
Wash. .............
Oreg. .............
Calif. ............
West. ...........

U. S. ............


120
68
300
124
19
116
1,448
155
1,003


106
59
288
102
17
103
1,395
148
1,039


103
58
285
100
16
102
1,395
148
1,049


3,354 3,257 3,256 762 713 752 793 763 812
972 857 848 235 204 210 2 228 230
656 531 526 150 123 135 161 146 146
916 775 736 250 221 214 299 250 256
912 820 812 247 238 243 263 261 262
2,477 2,426 2,402 591 614 635 626 647 672
5,933 5,409 5,324 1,472 1,400 1,437 1,597 1,532 1,566
1,498 1,451 1,436 408 421 429 431 440 455
1,135 1,024 993 I 262 248 255 279 265 261
942 811 803 194 193 187 219 197 217
408 352 341 I 89 79 70 116 90 91
347 306 303 I 84 71 69 127 118 123
463 392 386 110 98 98 124 110 112
553 441 423 124 105 109 138 130 134
5,346 4,777 4,685 1,271 1,215 1,217 1,434 1,350 1,396
37 33 33 9 8 8 9 9 9
246 243 248 57 53 56 59 56 59
457 405 417 94 88 93 108 100 106
214 180 180 41 33 35 42 36 38
378 375 382 82 86 92 91 96 103
168 159 161 39 36 38 44 40 41
348 313 307 94 85 86 104 97 100
176 234 243 58 76 84 71 86 89
2,024 1,942 1,971 473 465 492 528 520 545
656 628 615 112 120 120 123 126 136
675 628 622 127 125 133 141 147 158
401 376 368 124 107 107 146 136 141
571 519 503 129 128 128 144 134 138
412 322 328 99 82 82 118 102 108
334 321 321 78 74 74 92 84 91
497 370 366 123 89 92 166 142 145
963 735 713 217 177 182 243 196 204
4,510 3,899 3,836 1,009 902 918 1,172 1,067 1,121
113 94 92 25 20 19 34 29 31
231 240 242 67 75 81 82 92 93
48 40 40 13 10 10 14 11 11
174 147 144 46 39 41 56 50 52
54 53 55 11 10 11 14 13 15
49 54 55 13 16 17 14 18 21
109 112 116 27 29 33 33 34 37
17 18 19 8 9 10 10 11 12
286 286 292 68 70 76 84 82 87
227 215 221 58 61 65 73 81 84
885 945 983 238 262 275 262 298 316
2,194 2,204 2,259 574 601 638 675 719 759


23,361 21,488


21,331


5,561 5,296


5,454


6,200


5,951 6,199


/j Preliminary.


- 10 -






MANUFACTURED DAIRY PRODUCTS, 1959


New high records were established during 1959 for several manufactured
dairy products. Varieties of cheese showing new highs were brick and
Munster combined, cream, and Italian, as well as creamed cottage cheese and
curd. Ice cream production for 1959 was the second highest of record, ex-
ceeded only by the 1946 output. For the fourteenth consecutive year, ice
milk set a record high. Mellorine and total] nonfat milk also reached new
highs in 1959.

The 1959 production of creamery butter was estimated at 1,329,105,000
pounds, 4 percent less than that of 1958 and smallest in the past 7 years.
Total cheese production for 1959 at 1,378,530,000 pounds was down 1 percent
from the preceding year due primarily to the drop in American cheese output.
American cheese output for the year was 945,630,000 pounds, a loss of 3 per-
cent from 1958. The combined total of cheese other than American was
432,900,000 pounds, a gain of 3 percent over the preceding year and the
highest production of record for these combined miscellaneous varieties.
Swiss cheese production for 1959 was 109,565,000 pounds, a gain of 2 percent
from the year before and the fourth highest output of record. Production of
brick and Munster cheese combined totaled 48,350,000 pounds, only fraction-
ally more than that of 1958, but a new high for the combination of these
two varieties. For the seventh successive year, Limburger cheese output has
shown a new low record, totaling only 3,575,000 pounds in 1959, or 1 percent
less than in the year before. Cream cheese output reached a new high and at
88,840,000 pounds was 6 percent above 1958. Production of Italian cheese
gained 4 percent from the preceding year and blue mold increased 5 percent,
but Neufchatel dropped 22 percent. Creamed cottage cheese output was
748,130,000 pounds, a gain of 6 percent from 1958, and a record high.

The frozen dairy products industry had an all-time high output in 1959.
Ice cream production at 700,615,000 gallons was 7 percent above the preceding
year and the second largest of record. For the fourteenth consecutive year,
ice milk production reached a new high and at 123,970,000 gallons was 7 per-
cent above the 1958 output. Sherbet production was 39,740,000 gallons during
1959, also the highest level for the past 14 years and 7 percent above 1958.
Output of Mellorine at 43,450,000 gallons set a new high and represented a
gain of 10 percent from the preceding year.

Evaporated whole milk production in 1959 was 2,266,500,000 pounds, a
decrease of 1 percent from 1958 and the smallest output since 1939. Canned
condensed whole milk production was 61,300,000 pounds, largest since 1956
and 7 percent above the preceding year. Total nonfat dry milk production
was 1,722,300,000 pounds, 1 percent more than the 1958 output and a new high.
Dry buttermilk at 74,650,000 pounds was down 3 percent from the record 1958
output. The 1959 production of dry whole milk totaled 96,900,000 pounds,
a gain of 2 percent from the year before.


- 11 -





- 12 -


able 7.-


--erI Jutter,


American cheese and ice cream- Production, ty States. I-58-5-


Cresmery : utter American cheese Ice cream
States :5'1 :155 1958 1959 0'51 1959
Enumeration Estimate Cnineration Estimate Enumeration Estimate
1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
pounds pounds pounds pounds gallons gallons
Maine ......................... I/ i/ i
New .WpsJ :'re ................. I/ I i/
Vermont ....................... 3,390 1,~. 1/ 1/ 1/ i/
Massachusetts ................. / 25,-18 28,200
Rhode Island .................. / I/ i/ 1/
Connecticut ................... 9,069 9,145
New York ...................... 27,887 19,040 36,241 35,760 68,152 74,550
New Jersey .................... I/ i/ i/ i/ 18,503 21,695
renns. 1-.ania .................. 13,690 12,510 I/ I/ 71,461 77,000
Other N.A. States ............. 396 320 77632 7,3 5 10,272 10,63o
N. Atlantic ................. 45,363 33,685 43,673 43,145 203,375 221,220
Ohio ........................... 39,711 30,230 12,002 11,255 41,373 45,200
Indiana ....................... 21,194 14,670 25,482 22,890 23,953 27,080
Illinois ...................... 39,069 33,840 36,904 32,7c0) 35,851 35,780
Lcic.,-an ...................... 39,323 34,740 29,226 27,580 31,242 31,580
Wisconsin ..................... 290,255 278,010 447,003 434,610 21,512 24,105
E.N. Central ................ 429,552 391,490 550,617 529,115 153,931 163,745
'innesota ..................... 316,573 321,900 42,451 42,310 17,11b 17,400
on .......................... 179,247 170,620 .01732 37,720 12,240 11,950
Missouri ...................... 48,970 45,600 82,848 81,680 15,224 15,850
North Dakota .................. 57,365 56,580 1/ 1/ 4,470) 4,660)
South Dakota .................. 39,116 42,600 i! f/ ) )
Nebraska ...................... 61,478 57,230 1/ V/ 7,695 8,180
Kansas ........................ 30,964 29,810 137289 13,250 6,o045 5,635
Other W.N. Central r.Tates ..... 7,390 8,870 -
W.N. Central ................ 733,713 724,340 16,710 183,830 62,792 63,675
District of Columbia ......... 6,588 7,45
Delaware ...................... 1/ 1/
Maryland ....................... 3,277 2,985 1/ i/ 12,-482 137380
Virginia ...................... 4,522 3,7'5 i/ T/ 10,542 11,105
West "ir.'inia ................. 1/ 1/ 5,099 5,725
North Carolina ................ 1,360 905 i/ 1/ 13,155 14,185
South Carolina ................ 1/ i/ 1/ 1/
e. r-ia ....................... / _1/ / 1/ 8,034 8,700
Florida ....................... 17,080 19,110
Other S.A. States ............. 499 450 7,157 6,450 6,004 6,600
:. Atlantic ................. 9,658 b,335 7,157 6,450 76,964 66,270
Kentucky ...................... 12,594 11,535 49,176 46,550 1 1/
Tennessee ..................... 9,381 8,440 38,090 35,600 147050 157595
Alabama ....................... 2,316 2,740 8,007 9,475
:issis3;ppi ................... 3,878 3,675 13,968 13,565 1/ 1/
Arkansas ...................... 3,543 2,990 11,412 10,890 1/ /
Louisiana ..................... i/ l/ l/ 1/ 87734 8,585
Oklahoma ....................... 20,441 18,380 67329 8 2 -; 5,164 5,575
Texas ......................... 5,771 5,720 4,117 3,835 18,281 20,030
Other S.C. States .1........... 142 170 224 220 10,824 11,380
S. Central .................. 55,750 50,910 125,632 121,690 65,060 70,640
Montana ....................... 4,6b7 4,560 4,135 4,055 1/ 1/
Idaho ......................... 32,405 32,330 22,805 24,885 i/ 1/
,.^m ng ....................... 2,282 2,225 1 //
Colorado ...................... 11,767 12,255 1/ 1/ 6,733 7,385
New Mexico .................... 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/
Arizona ....................... 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/
Utah .......................... 67895 6,980 6,650 6,525 1/ 1/
Nevada ........................ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/
Other it. States .............. 1,038 1,365 929 690 147,662 157230
Mountain .................... 59,074 59,715 34,519 36,155 21,395 22,615
A* s, i )-ton ..................... 19,22 19,400 1,695 1,735 11,365 II, 450
Creror ........................ 12,513 12,150 19,596 20,160 5,711 5,705
California .................... 23,6o4 29,080 3,093 3,350 54,039 55,295
Pacific ..................... 55,539 60,630 24,354 25,245 71,115 72,450
United States ............... 1, 38,649 1,329,105 972,892 945,630 656,652 700,615
1/Production data for this State are included in "Other States" and the total for this region.







Table 8.-Specified dairy products: Production, United States, by months, 1955-59 1/

Ice cream Ice milk
Month 1959 1959
1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 chge. 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 chge.
from from
1958 11958


1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
gallons gallons gallons gallons


39,939
43,222
49,306
50,006
62,590
68,961
70,130
71,058
53,207
50,706
43,818
38,390


41,856
42,947
48,715
53,811
62,726
67,237
77,088
70,351
55,367
48,668
41,235
40,582


36,871
37,500
49,949
50,674
59,747
66,684
71,652
74,551
57,024
45,025
41, 342
37.506


43,179
40,188
47,195
55,184
62,014
66,702
73,835
70,838
58,562
52,989
43,164
42,802


1,000
gallons

43,425
44,830
53,375
57,135
64,820
73,780
78,780
74,245
65,745
53,605
44,990
45,885


Per-
cent

+ 1
+ 12
+ 13
+ 4
+ 5
+ 11
+ 7
+ 5
+ 12
+ 1
+ 4
+ 7


1,000
gallons

3,451
3,829
6,102
7,712
9,860
11,149
12,162
12,337
9,331
6,11
4,556
3,586


1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 Per-
gallons gallons gallons gallons cent


4,786
5,189
7,147
9,631
12,337
13,834
15,807
14,573
10,271
7,380
5,289
4,921


5,167
5,003
7,062
9,907
12,696
13,813
15,563
15,146
11,472
8,875
5,943
5,488


5,095
5,475
8,305
10,615
13,215
14,680
16, 0 00
16,160
12,130
8,930
6,345
6.14o


4,206
4,599
6,799
8,232
11,488
13,070
13,757
13,676
9,816
7,770
5,302
4,337


Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.

Year




Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.

Year






Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.

Year


L, 382,914 1,414,060 1,329,105
1. 413.344 1.388,649


1,366,893


1/1955-58 from enumerations, 1959 are revised estimates.
2/Excludes cottage and full skim American.


1,387,692


1,407,423


1,394,762


1,378,530 -


- 13 -


628,525 641,333 650,583 656,652 700,615 + 7 90,185 103,052 111,165 116,135 123,970 + 7


Milk sherbet Mellorine

1,430 1,464 1,684 1,705 1,675 2 1,758 1,862 1,945 2,238 2,325 + 4
1,526 1,618 1,742 1,611 1,805 + 12 1,873 2,095 2,187 2,335 2,505 + 7
2,482 2,260 2,399 2,218 2,575 + 16 2,681 2,728 2,512 2,759 3,440 + 25
3,088 2,795 3,045 3,212 3,320 + 3 2,729 2,759 2,866 3,415 3,685 + 8
4,329 4,132 4,173 4,203 4,245 + 1 3,291 3,540 3,520 4,105 4,335 + 6
4,940 5,278 5,102 4,823 5,340 + 11 3,549 3,767 3,591 4,382 4,955 + 13
5,824 5,097 5,856 5,596 5,910 + 6 3,643 3,826 4,361 4,766 5,125 + 8
5,490 4,729 4,746 4,740 5,145 + 9 3,825 3,837 4,034 4,459 4,635 + 4
3,159 2,895 2,887 3,098 3,645 + 18 3,095 2,887 3,024 3,808 4,180 + 10
2,053 2,282 2,076 2,492 2,475 1 2,356 2,767 2,491 3,015 3,340 + 11
1,697 1,784 1,529 1,744 1,760 + 1 1,925 1,841 1,846 2,228 2,385 + 7
1,347 1,387 1,473 1,572 1,845 + 17 1,536 1,564 1,784 2,o61 2,540 + 23

37,365 35,721 36,712 37,014 39,740 + 7 32,261 33,473 34,161 39,571 43,450 + 10


Creamery butter (including whey butter) Total cheese 2/

1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds

108,076 114,626 115,457 117,745 116,300 1 94,594 96,652 100,062 98,253 100,4 -5 + 2
104,329 114,146 110,410 113,176 108,190 4 92,076 96,460 96,824 94,726 96,570 + 2
121,132 129,598 124,685 129,164 121,395 6 113,804 117,388 116,528 115,599 116,720 + 1
129,390 135,434 132,370 130,903 126,845 3 128,507 127,154 131,605 126,810 128,225 + 1
157,929 151,926 159,448 151,793 143,390 6 164,347 152,866 161,294 154,882 153,335 1
151,881 148,995 148,192 144,489 135,605 6 158,879 155,785 159,0`- 156,433 150,075 4
122,973 127,581 125,886 126,152 112,485 11 130,044 133,465 137,175 134,589 129,355 4
102,096 109,782 107,013 98,550 90,890 8 114,377 118,172 119,668 115,492 113,440 2
91,857 92,417 90,208 86,929 82,555 5 loo100,108 104,785 100,798 103,465 103,170 0
94,742 93,144 100,40o6 92,520 92,105 0 92,031 97,867 98,685 101,266 97,930 3
92,747 92,334 94,191 89,991 91,240 + 1 85,744 90,533 88,486 93,380 88,720 5
105,762 103,361 105,794 107,237 108,105 + 1 92,382 96,565 97,209 99,867 100,495 + 1







Table 8.-Specified dairy products: Production, United States, by months, 1955-59 1/--Continued

American cheese 2/ Swiss cheese

Month 1959 1959
1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 chge. 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 chge.
from from
1958_ 1958


1,000
pounds
64,147
65,387
81,144
93,277
115,203
120,260
101,632
87,550
74,701
65,891
59,393
62,669


1,000
pounds
66,991
66,983
82,563
96,113
125,709
124,417
105,574
90,114
72,701
68,084
59,056
63,423


1,000
pounds
U5,220
63,509
77,858
90,293
116,089
117,199
99,549
84,246
71,126
66,281
59,551
61,971


1,000
pounds
b55,790
64,155
78,055
90,750
114,410
112,310
94,085
81,350
69,950
61,585
53,465
59.825


Per-
cent
+ 1
+ 1
0
+ 1
- 1
- 4
- 5
- 3
- 2
- 7
- 10
- 3


1,000
pounds

8,146
9,270
9,457
11,832
11,530
11,318
10,562
9,1401
9,517
8,578
8,686


1,000
pounds

8,697
10,322
10,947
13,207
13,075
11,762
10,886
9,976
9,517
8,070
8,268


1,000 1,000
pounds pounds

7,557 6,950
8,644 8,561
8,920 9,234
11,253 11,690
10,469 11,870
9,313 10,908
8,301 9,436
7,171 8,267
7,388 8,317
6,354 7,395
6,657 7,454


1,000
pounds
7,055
7,035
8.565
9,545
11,790
11,710
10,645
9,080
8,795
8,835
7,735
8.270


Per-
cent

4- 1
0
+ 3
+ 1
- 1
- 2
- 4
+ 6
+ 6
+ 5
+ 11


Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.

Year





Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.
Year




Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.

Year


74,381 76,390 77,570 84,058 88,840


1/1955-58 from enumerations, 1959 are revised estimates.
2/Vihole milk cheese including Cheddar, Colby, washed
curd, jack, Monterey, and granular cheese.


5,793 11,529 11,178 10,850


8,450


- 22


- 14 -


1,000
pounds

64,353
81,498
97,322
130,979
126,680
101,570
86,303
72,112
62,609
55,875
59,526


991,254 972,892 116,664 100,048 109,565 + 2
1, oo004,269 1,021,728 945,630 3 123,216 107,114


Brick and Munster cheese Limburger cheese

3,776 3,858 3,885 3,923 4,155 + 6 438 425 427 334 360 + 8
3,379 3,406 3,535 3,627 3,780 + 4 445 398 369 293 320 + 9
3,994 3,718 3,873 4,019 4,265 + 6 520 388 415 375 4oo + 7
4,060 4,132 3,815 4,187 4,205 0 439 343 395 372 330 11
3,842 4,220 4,396 4,700 4,365 7 408 337 418 356 315 12
3,400oo 4,176 4,280 4,552 3,915 14 400 364 355 326 330 + 1
3,231 3,743 3,831 3,834 3,845 0 303 397 263 325 310 5
3,362 3,551 3,516 3,557 3,615 + 2 369 375 335 286 245 14
3,405 3,593 3,348 3,603 3,545 2 411 403 294 264 190 28
3,914 3,548 3,792 4,215 4,045 4 405 432 418 248 220 1
3,846 3,587 3,400 3,827 4,115 + 8 386 394 332 196 245 + 25
4,o80 3,681 3,581 4,116 4,500 + 9 419 386 350 232 310 + 34
44,289 45,213 45,252 48,160 48,350 0 4,943 4,642 4,371 3,607 3,575 1


Cream cheese Neufchatel cheese

6,749 7,426 7,613 7,584 7,020 7 414 930 1,179 1,281 1,210 6
6,160 6,090 5,780 6,471 6,320 2 473 772 853 1,202 930 23
6,885 7,012 6,800 7,797 7,995 + 3 385 839 701 903 935 + 4
5,835 5,664 7,022 6,753 6,965 + 3 442 876 887 721 755 + 5
5,907 6,583 5,376 5,929 5,805 2 542 703 762 591 940 + 59
6,267 5,525 5,928 6,331 6,4oo + 1 562 984 1,024 860 600 30
5,078 5,135 5,853 5,990 6,710 + 12 433 1,003 929 832 425 49
4,977 5,502 5,429 5,325 6,025 + 13 344 1,036 969 652 L55 30
6,090 5,573 5,937 6,764 7,130 + 5 449 1,043 837 771 515 33
6,112 6,677 6,329 7,495 8,435 + 13 521 1,132 1,044 1,118 595 47
6,908 7,019 6,884 8,095 9,445 + 17 509 1,215 950 853 485 43
7,413 8,184 8,619 9,524 10,590 + 11 719 996 1,043 1,066 605 43







Table 8.-Specified dairy products: Production, United States, by months, 1955-59 1/--Continued


Italian cheese Blue mold cheese

Month 1959 1959
1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 chge. 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 chge.
from from
1958 1958


1,000 1,000
pounds pounds


1,000 1,000 1,000 Per-
pounds pounds pounds cent


10,090
9,886
12,835
11,847
11, 977
11,745
9,966
9,254
9,742
10,503
10,502
12,210


11,46o
11,135
13,170
12,185
12,245
11,370
10,340
9,990
9,945
11,025
10,230
13,060


1,000
pounds

790
745
885
797
967
969
736
763
666
860
880
989


1,000 1,000 1,000
pounds pounds pounds
1,000 986 887
951 887 892
902 1,020 1,034
823 993 1,056
964 1,094 1,158
921 1,103 1,177
729 880 992
788 787 760
812 606 798
895 812 885
907 815 836
971 881 972


1,000 Per-
pounds cent

1,065 + 20
975 + 9
1,125 + 9
1, 070 + 1
1,140 2
1,200 + 2
990 0
765 + 1
855 + 7
1,005 + 14
845 + 1
1,025 + 5


Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.

Year




Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.

Year




Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.

Year


569,298 663,526 693,526 703,523 748,130 +


Y/1955-58 from enumerations, 1959 are revi
2JExcludes cottage and full-skim American.


2579,831


2,540o,141 2447,637


2,298,332 2,266,500 -


- 15 -


6,982
6,822
8,479
8,194
7,822
7,209
5,985
6,238
6,197
6,442
7,005
8,643


8,404
8,763
10,935
8,996
9,483
8,571
7,426
6,913
6,993
7,882
7,957
9,415


9,042
8,852
10,020
11,099
9,874
9,277
8,555
8,326
8,049
8,903
8,840
10,783


86,018 101,738 111,620 130,557 136,155 + 4 10,047 10,663 10,864 11,447 12,o6o + 5


Other varieties of cheese 2/ Cottage cheese curd

1,636 1,973 1,918 1,902 1,975 + 4 34,174 37,779 42,477 42,804 44,075 + 3
1,553 1,996 2,008 1,896 1,920 + 1 35,486 42,837 41,698 44,348 48,055 + 8
1,888 2,128 2,492 2,217 2,210 0 44,594 53,078 53,619 52,861 53,945 + 2
1,961 2,096 2,361 2,347 2,420 + 3 40,691 46,886 49,970 49,577 48,585 2
2,048 2,166 2,412 2,392 2,325 3 43,157 49,906 51,413 50,744 50,755 0
1,862 1,909 2,236 2,373 2,240 6 41,920 48,071 48,847 47,565 50,105 + 5
1,390 1,638 1,977 2,193 2,005 9 39,805 44,784 47,729 47,158 48,945 + 4
1,459 1,571 1,891 1,976 1,915 3 38,325 43,646 45,520 44,991 46,800 + 4
1,377 1,691 1,855 2,130 2,245 + 5 36,379 42,849 42,158 43,284 45,380 + 5
1,651 1,893 1,915 2,204 2,185 1 35,956 44,822 43,130 44,791 46,395 + 4
1,757 1,991 1,855 2,125 2,155 + 1 34,414 40o,824 4o,648 41,546 42,965 + 3
1,907 1,995 1,872 2,322 2,310 1 33,715 39,170 39,244 39,875 41,295 + 4

20,489 23,047 24,792 26,077 25,905 1 458,616 534,652 546,453 549,544 567,300 + 3


Creamed cottage cheese Evaporated milk

42,207 46,028 53,946 54,661 57,550 + 5 164,346 164,751 161,282 143,712 143,500 0
44,368 52,780 52,768 56,729 63,980 + 13 174,211 171,006 169,493 136,376 140,900 + 3
55,881 65,926 68,618 67,807 70,365 + 4 229,532 208,810 211,506 176,006 182,600 + 4
50,607 56,722 63,571 62,974 64,095 + 2 256,145 240,078 246,819 207,631 208,200 0
50,838 60,890 63,478 64,270 65,960 + 3 325,107 300,088 312,071 280,197 272,400 3
50,489 58,461 61,054 59,856 65,645 + 10 303,455 302,282 278,722 270,787 269,600 0
50,320 55,410 60,986 61,228 65,420 + 7 255,679 266,979 243,166 250,497 235,200 6
48,569 55,675 58,424 57,255 62,260 + 9 226,206 232,599 213,993 216,293 216,200 0
45,705 54,022 54,088 55,871 60,295 + 8 184,606 189,258 170,187 184,702 184,800 0
45,133 56,915 55,067 58,519 61,480 + 5 164,805 163,928 161,601 161,624 152,200 6
42,955 51,786 52,o81 52,908 56,860 + 7 143,260 146,067 136,803 131,902 124,700 5
42,226 48,911 49,445 51,445 54,220 + 5 152,479 154,295 141,994 138,605 136,200 2


sed estimates.







Table 8.--Specified dairy products: Production, United States,
by months, 1955-59 /--Continued


Condensed whole milk (case goods) Dry whole milk

1959 .1959
Month 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 chge 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 chge.
from from
1958 1958
,, ,,=,, .1..000


1,000
pounds
2,592
2,1143
2,896
2,122
1,681
2,134
2,980
2,996
2,509
3,909
3,838
3,881


1,000
pounds
3,129
4,267
14,005
4,616
5,257
6,789
7,076
7,383
6,334
6,571
6,705
7,593


1,000
pounds
7,270
8,193
6,1413
7,427
3,768
3,384
5,569
4,024
3,387
4,051
3,151
3,223


1,000
pounds
14,107
2,650
4,246
6,376
6,372
5,912
5,1484
4,387
5,128
1,3t*1
3,862
4,186


1,000
pounds
4,220
4,880
5,230
5,310
5,725
6,100
6,160
5,430
4,925
4,470
4,370
4,480


Per-
cent
+ 3
*84
+23
-17
-10
+ 3
+12
+24
-4
+ 3
+13
+ 7


1,000
pounds
8,259
7,077
8,629
9,402
11,6214
11,746
9,798
9,062
9,944
9,493
8,967
9,546


1,000
pounds
8,518
9,529
10,342
10,859
11,611
11,312
* 10,321
9,331
8,813
8,247
7,7814
9,699


1,000
pounds
8,660
7,557
8,363
9,762
12,0914
11,093
10,746
8,611
7,600
8,937
7,506
8,995


1,000
pounds
8,445
6,700
7,273
7,968
9,390
9,369
7,5841
7, 649
7,990
8,480
6,956
6,815


1,000
pounds
8,300
7,400
8,150!
7,750
8,800
8,900
7,100
6,600
7,400
8,800
8,000
9,700


Per-
cent
- 2
+10
+12
- 3
- 6
-5
-6
-14
- 7
+ L
+15
142


Jan..
Feb..
Mar..,
Apr..
May..
June.
July.
Aug..
Sept.
Oct* 0
Nov..
Dec.*

Year.




Jan..
Feb.
Mar.,
Apr.*
May..
June.
July.
Aug..
Sept.
Oct..
Nov..
Dec..

Year.




Jan.*
Feb.,
Mar..
Apr.*
May.*
June.
July.
Aug..
Sept.
Oct..
Nov..
Dec..
Year.


17,127 16,222 17,604 15,779 15,565


58,333 64,269 70,358 76,962 74,650


- 16 -


33,681 69,725 59,860 57,054 61,300 + 7 113,547 116,366 109,924 94,619 96,900 + 2

Spray-dried nonfat milk for human food Total nonfat dry milk for human food

86,447 102,620 116,140 127,024 129,200 + 2 101,196 115,069 125,879 138,289 138,250 0
84,448 105,656 114,321 122,179 123,800 + 1 98,592 118,997 123,949 132,371 132,450 0
10i,953 126,431 137,278 146,695 146,300 0 123,005 142,660 149,012 159,579 157,100 1
120,259 137,782 149,593 156,829 163,700 + 4 143,272 158,396 165,508 172,368 178,200 + 3
150,729 153,265 183,128 187,894 191,300 + 2 184,222 179,056 209,366 210,397 211,200 0
141,705 151,732 169,596 184,573 180,200 2 170,534 179,439 192,472 207,288 200,000 4
103,539 120,359 130,686 143,147 138,200 3 119,844 136,518 143,899 156,055 150,100 4
76,360 89,U12 102,312 104,184 109,400 + 5 88,056 99,771 112,122 113,954 117,500 + 3
68,726 74,1462 78,724 83,257 88,700 + 7 79,675 81,722 85,458 90,587 96,200 + 6
70,004 75,110 90,154 91,008 92,300 + 1 78,591 81,228 98,401 99,159 99,300 0
70,226 79,782 88,815 95,547 97,000 + 2 77,504 85,621 95,407 102,444 104,600 + 2
90,746 102,271 113,223 118,053 126,000 + 7 101,281 111,417 122,1407 126,263 136,800 8
4168,142 1,1473,970 1,586,100 + 2 1,365,772 1,623,880 1,722,300 + 1

1,318,882 1,560,390 1,489,894 1,708,754

Dry skim milk for animal feed Dry buttermilk

1,286 1,190 1,084 1,181 1,430 +21 4,239 5,169 5,568 6,477 6,350 2
1,100 1,234 1,251 1,227 940 -23 4,325 5,674 5,513 6,125 6,050 6
1,A85 1,400 1,203 1,367 1,150 -16 5,141 6,206 6,1403 7,382 6,750 9
1,555 1,613 1,423 1,382 1,660 +20 5,526 6,272 6,543 7,170 7,100 1
2,279 1,856 2,210 1,805 1,720 5 6,834 6,998 7,904 8,412 7,800 7
2,088 2,143 2,084 1,920 1,950 + 2 6,744 6,948 7,386 7,944 7,950 0
1,596 1,710 1,886 1,567 1,550 1 5,508 5,615 6,322 7,126 6,400 -10
1,390 1,398 1,569 1,264 1,550 +23 4,364 4,656 5,343 5,378 4,700 -13
1,122 849 1,321 1,136 995 -12 3,510 4,081 4,219 4,500 4,350 3
1,070 835 1,416 955 810 -15 3,678 4,010 14,930 4,873 5,100 + 5
894 998 1,053 910 760 -16 3,835 3,991 4,736 4,976 5,h00 + 9
1,262 996 1,104 1,065 1,050 1 .4,629 14,649 5,1491 6,299 6,700 + 6


I/ 1955-58 from enumerations, 1959 are revised estimates.







Table 9.--Evaporated, condensed, and dry milk products: Manufacturers' reported
stocks at end of month, United States, 1955-59 A


Evaporated whole milk (case goods) Condensed whole milk (case goods)
Month

1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959


January........*******
February.......
Mrh..........*******
April ..........
May**....**********....
June**......*..
Julyr...........
August**........
September*.....
October********
November***.......**
December******.....






January.*******.......
February...****
March.........*****
April..*.......
May.***********
June..*0...0***
July***...........
August*.......,
September.....*****
October...*******...
November......
December.*..oe.






January........*
February*......
March..........
April.**.......
May***o........
Jun*e.o.**.....*
July*..........
August.o........
September ....****
October********.......
November***......**
December*****......


1,000

143,201
10o,$537
97,576
135,2134
261 ,02
357,514
412,888
148,1405
427,570
3814,261
274,432
213,202


1,000
pounds
156,759
110,578
111,413
124,880
168,481
311,983
401,8914
43 ,536
425, 545
383,686
310,371
224,025


1,000
pounds
156,396
123,699
83,250
154,153
244,663
368,927
421,722
438,666
428,868
379,641
262,925
215,465


1,000
pounds
158,966
106,973
87,190
106,829
186,490
270,7143
333,421
373,6814
387,966
353,0148
274,851
190,997


1,000

136,023
92,420
849,242
106,198
197,752
288,979
332,895
375,3514
383,959
325,095
279,028
225,092


1,000

4,775
s,569
3,895
5,783
5,523
5,570
6, 457
7,171
5,482
7,397
7,556
4,752


1,000

6,222
8,230
8,133
7,038
6,873
7,550
7,937
8,192
8,761
9,335
10,391
9,6149


1,000

9,117
9,559
9,s149
9,227
9,547
9,416
8,406
7,517
7,533
6,634
6,469
5,8341


1,000
pounds
5,384
4,287
5,501
6,308
6,714
8,136
7,346
5,838
7,440
5,956
5,6014
4,840


1,000

3,513
3,791
5,116
4,859
5,722
5,715
5,666
6,913
5,412
4,270
5,108


Dry whole milk 2/ Spray-dried nonfat milk for human food


8,223 8,959 10,180 9,14J4 6,390 56,885 78,605 79,981 79,332 81,868
6,712 8,914 10,379 7,284 6,203 60,336 76,137 77,1473 74,138 75,741
7,678 8,290 9,578 7,503 6,025 62,595 85,489 75,135 78,460 74,468
7,477 8,524 9,758 8,178 6,235 81,368 94,252 87,381 72,729 82,064
9,067 11#437 12,014 8,971 7,573 114,508 114,915 121,528 100,871 114,612
10,773 12,062 13,552 10,067 7,055 129,781 134,315 144,205 121,9942 130,319
12,281 15,192 13,941 10,123 7,490 122,900 126,326 132,379 112,869 118,066
11,875 14,313 12,736 9,189 7,282 99,561 105,046 112,205 93,832 102,v92
10,998 13,118 11,095 9,515 4,919 814,339 86,034 92,280 79,861 89,273
10,3114 11,725 11,671 9,273 5,724 72,885 67,161 81,787 69,962 79,781
10,687 11,390 11,013 7,282 5,343 69,324 61,167 74,745 69,858 79,990
8,587 10,757 8,964 6,204 6,486 71,411 67,851 77,379 79,701 90,606


Roller-dried nonfat milk for human food Total nonfat dry milk for human food


6,1489
7,091
9,675
15,691
27,437
34,290
30,919
28,075
26,199
22,772
19,1214
17,003


15,532
14,523
16,906
18,425
22,886
30,380
29,923
26,361
23,254
17,650
13,140
9,9143


8,1814
6,110
5,589
8,190
18,202
23,569
22,327
19,3041
14,7143
11,017
8,508
8,309


8,468
8,607
10,808
12,107
18,679
22,579
21,614
20,104
15s,454
12,421
9,886
7,812


5,680
4,122
4,485
6,279
10,475
14,503
14,186
12,080
9,375
7,13k
5,366
5,961


63,374
67,427
72,270
97,059
141,945
164,071
153,819
127,636
110,538
95,657
88 ,148
88,4124


94,137
90,660
102,395
112,677
137,801
164,695
156,2p49
131,107
109,288
84,811
74,607
77,794


88,168
83,583
80,724
95,571
139,730
167,7714
154,706
131,546
107,023
92,8014
83,253
85,688


87,800
82,7145
89,268
84,836
119,550
144,521
134,483
113,936
95,315
82,383
79,71h
87,$513


87,548
79,866
78,953
88,33
125,087
144,822
132,252
114,672
98,648
86,915
85,356
96,567


if Revised to include data for
2/ Includes packaged goods.


firms not reporting previously.


- 17 -







Table 9.--Evaporated, condensed, and dry milk products: Manufacturers' reported
stocks at end of month, United States, 1955-59 l/--Continued


Dry skim milk for animal feed Dry buttermilk
Month
1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959
1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds
January....... 545 799 1,185 729 635 2,891 4,629 4,942 4,645 4,973
February...... 681 817 1,145 738 537 3,483 4,552 4,784 5,492 4,916
March......... 682 949 1,058 705 570 3,915 6,042 5,770 6,034 5,912
April......... 738 1,241 1,065 662 736 4,412 6,148 6,436 6,396 6,224
May........... 1,137 1,496 1,526 933 903 5,185 6,016 7,431 6,994 6,694
June.......... 1,464 1,831 1,653 1,015 1,076 5,325 6,412 7,716 7,160 7,319
July.......... 1,544 1,861 1,826 1,136 1,122 5,398 6,617 7,878 7,718 7,022
August........ 1,563 1,896 1,695 1,140 1,133 4,796 5,924 7,412 6,740 5,886
September..... 1,096 1,581 1,401 943 1,018 4,089 5,417 5,778 5,249 4,646
October....... 1,090 1,302 1,181 766 691 3,563 5,038 5,022 4,253 4,369
November...... 806 1,126 995 554 680 3,651 4,865 4,146 3,906 4,696
December...... 1,119 1,085 936 569 572 4,275 4,210 4,414 4,104 5,114

I/ Revised to include data for firms not reporting previously.



Table 10.--Milk used in manufactured dairy products: Average milkfat test
and prices paid by plants, United States, by months, 1958-59

Butter and byproducts 1/ Total cheese
Month Milk price Average Milkfat price Milk price Average Milkfat price
per cwt. fat test per pound per cwt. fat test per pound

_______ 1958 1959 1958 1959 1958 1959 1958 1959 1958 1959 1958 1959
Dollars Percent Dollars Dollars Percent Dollars
January ...... 3.31 3.16 3.79 3.78 .87 .84 3.28 3.19 3.83 3.82 .86 .84
February ..... 3.25 3.11 3.74 3.72 .87 .84 3.23 3.13 3.77 3.75 .86 .83
March ........ 3.17 3.08 3.68 3.70 .86 .83 3.13 3.07 3.70 3.69 .85 .83
April ........ 3.00 3.06 3.66 3.67 .82 .83 2.96 3.01 3.67 3.67 .81 .82
May .......... 2.97 3.04 3.65 3.67 .81 .83 2.96 2.99 3.68 3.68 .80 .81
June ......... 2.97 3.04 3.64 3.67 .82 .83 2.97 2.98 3.68 3.67 .81 .81
July ......... 3.01 3.07 3.70 3.70 .81 .83 3.02 3.03 3.72 3.71 .81 .82
August ....... 3.06 3.14 3.76 3.75 .81 .84 3.09 3.09 3.78 3.78 .82 .82
September .... 3.22 3.28 3.88 3.86 .83 .85 3.21 3.20 3.89 3.86 .83 .83
October ...... 3.27 3,38 3.96 3.96 .83 .85 3.32 3.31 3.97 3.98 .84 .83
November ..... 3.25 3.43 3.93 3.96 .83 .87 3.33 3.40 3.98 4.00 .84 .85
December ..... 3.23 3.35 3.87 3.88 .83 .86 3.28 3.39 3.92 3.93 .84 .86
American cheese V/ Swiss cheese

January ...... 3.28 3.19 3.86 3.86 .85 .83 3.29 3.22 3.70 3.71 .89 .87
February ..... 3.23 3.14 3.80 3.79 .85 .83 3.24 3.17 3.66 3.63 .89 .87
March ........ 3.13 3.08 3.74 3.73 .84 .83 3.13 3.10 3.60 3.58 .87 .87
April ........ 2.95 3.02 3.71 3.71 .80 .81 3.02 3.01 3.53 3.53 .86 .85
May .......... 2.96 3.00 3.73 3.73 .79 .80 3.01 2.98 3.50 3.51 .86 .85
June ......... 2.97 2.99 3.73 3.72 .80 .80 3.01 2.94 3.48 3.47 .86 .85
July ......... 3.03 3.04 3.77 3.76 .80 .81 3.05 2.99 3.52 3.50 .87 .85
August ....... 3.10 3.10 3.84 3.83 .81 .81 3.14 3.05 3.59 3.57 .87 .85
September .... 3.22 3.22 3.95 3.93 .82 .82 3.23 3.15 3.69 3.66 .88 .86
October ...... 3.34 3.35 4.04 4.06 .83 .83 3.32 3.26 3.78 3.77 .88 .86
November ..... 3.34 3.45 4.04 4.08 .83 .85 3.34 3.35 3.82 3.84 .87 .87
December ..... 3.28 3.43 3.97 3.99 .83 .86 3.30 3.31 3.81 3.81 .87 .87
See footnotes at end of table.


- 18 -







Table 10.--Milk used in manufactured dairy products: Average milkfat test
and prices paid by plants, United States, by months, 1958-59--Continued

Brick and Munster cheese Italian cheese
Month
Milk price Average Milkfat price Milk price Average Milkfat price
per cvt. fat test per pound per cwt. fat test per pound
1958 1959 1958 1959 1958 1959 1958 1959 1958 1959 1958 1959
Dollars Percent Dollars Dollars Percent Dollars
January ... 3.23 3.14 3.72 3.68 .87 .85 3.35 3.21 3.78 3.76 .89 .85
February .. 3.19 3.06 3.70 3.58 .86 .85 3.29 3.16 3.73 3.70 .88 .85
March ..... 3.09 3.00 3.64 3.56 .85 .84 3.19 3.10 3.68 3.66 .87 .85
April ..... 2.97 2.93 3.57 3.51 .83 .83 3.06 3.06 3.63 3.62 .84 .85
May ....... 2.93 2.93 3.54 3.53 .83 .83 3.01 3.05 3.61 3.63 .83 .84
June ...... 2.93 2.91 3.52 3.50 .83 .83 3.01 3.06 3.60 3.65 .84 .84
July ...... 2.97 2.95 3.55 3.54 .84 .83 3.05 3.12 3.63 3.69 .84 .85
August .... 3.08 2.99 3.62 3.57 .85 .84 3.09 3.18 3.66 3.71 .84 .86
September 3.17 3.11 3.71 3.69 .85 .84 3.22 3.30 3.76 3.80 .86 .87
October ... 3.27 3.23 3.85 3.83 .85 .84 3.30 3.36 3.82 3.86 .86 .87
November .. 3.27 3.28 3.81 3.86 .86 .85 3.34 3.41 3.83 3.88 .87 .88
December 3.23 3.27 3.76 3.78 .86 .87 3.33 3.43 3.83 3.85 .87 .89

All other cheese Total types cheese other than American

January ... 3.25 3.13 3.81 3.80 .85 .82 3.28 3.18 3.76 3.75 .87 .85
February .. 3.16 3.07 3.71 3.71 .85 .83 3.22 3.12 3.70 3.67 .87 .85
March ..... 3.06 2.99 3.62 3.63 .85 .82 3.12 3.05 3.63 3.62 .86 .84
April ..... 2.90 2.92 3.57 3.60 .81 .81 2.99 2.99 3.57 3.57 .84 .84
May ....... 2.87 2.89 3.56 3.58 .81 .81 2.96 2.97 3.55 3.56 .83 .83
June ...... 2.89 2.86 3.58 3.57 .81 .80 2.97 2.95 3.54 3.55 .84 .83
July ...... 2.94 2.89 3.63 3.62 .81 .80 3.01 2.99 3.58 3.59 .84 .83
August .... 3.01 2.97 3.69 3.71 .82 .80 3.08 3.06 3.64 3.65 .85 .84
September 3.11 3.08 3.80 3.78 .82 .81 3.18 3.16 3.75 3.74 .85 .84
October ... 3.23 3.20 3.92 3.91 .82 .82 3.28 3.26 3.85 3.85 .85 .85
November .. 3.28 3.30 3.96 3.96 .83 .83 3.31 3.34 3.87 3.90 .86 .86
December .. 3.23 3.31 3.91 3.92 .83 .84 3.28 3.34 3.85 3.86 .85 .87

Evaporated milk 2/ All manufacturing milk 3/


January.... 3.50 3.48 4.12 4.10 .85 .85 3.34 3.24 3.88 3.88 .86 .84
February... 3.45 3.41 4.05 3.98 .85 .86 3.28 3.18 3.82 3.80 .86 .84
March...... 3.34 3.31 3.95 3.89 .85 .85 3.19 3.13 3.76 3.75 .85 .83
April....... 3.15 3.20 3.88 3.84 .81 .83 3.01 3.07 3.72 3.72 .81 .83
May........ 3.09 3.17 3.86 3.85 .80 .82 2.99 3.05 3.73 3.74 .80 .82
June....... 3.09 3.15 3.86 3.83 .80 .82 2.99 3.04 3.72 3.73 .80 .82
July....... 3.17 3.19 3.92 3.88 .81 .82 3.05 3.08 3.78 3.77 .81 .82
August..... 3.24 3.24 4.00 3.94 .81 .82 3.12 3.15 3.85 3.83 .81 .82
September.. 3.37 3.37 4.14 4.08 .81 .83 3.25 3.28 3.97 3.95 .82 .83
October.... 3.49 3.55 4.27 4.29 .82 .83 3.35 3.41 4.06 4.08 .82 .84
November... 3.54 3.61 4.27 4.31 .83 .84 3.35 3.48 4.05 4.09 .83 .85
December... 3.56 3.58 4.24 4.19 .84 .85 3.31 3.42 3.98 3.98 .83 .86


I/ Revisions for 1958, by States and by months, for butter and byproducts and American cheese, were
published by the Chicago Dairy office in the August 1959 issue "Milk Prices Paid by Creameries and
Cheese Plants" released October 30, 1959. Data for 1959 are preliminary.
2/ Revisions for 1958, by States and by months, for evaporated milk, were published in the August
1959 issue of the "Evaporated, Condensed, and Dry Milk Report" released September 30, 1959. Data for
1959 are preliminary.
3/ Represents a weighted average of the prices of milk for butter and byproducts, American cheese, and
evaporated milk.


- 19 -







Table 11.-Manufacturing milk: Average milkfat test and prices paid
per hundredweight, United States, by months, 1955-59 I/
1955 1956 1957 1958 2 1959 /
Month Price Fat Price Fat Price Fat Price Fat Price Fat
test test test test test
Dollars Percent Dollars Percent Dollars Percent Dollars Percent Dollars Percent
January.... 3.26 3.93 3.29 3.93 3.o0 3.9h 3.32 3.88 3.24 3.88
February... 3.19 3.85 3.22 3.85 3.32 3.83 3.28 3.82 3.18 3.80
March...... 3.11 3.79 3.14 3.80 3.21 3.78 3.19 3.76 3.13 3.75
April...... 3.Oi 3.74 3.14 3.77 3.18 3.75 3.01 3.72 3.07 3.72
May........ 3.00 3.75 3.16 3.78 3.16 3.77 2.99 3.73 3.05 3.74
June....... 2.99 3.75 3.14 3.76 3.31 3.75 2.99 3.72 3.01 3.73
July....... 3.03 3.79 3.18 3.82 3.16 3.79 3.05 3.78 3.08 3.77
August..... 3.10 3.86 3.21 3.88 3.22 3.86 3.12 3.85 3.15 3.83
September.. 3.24 1.00 3.38 h.03 3.37 4.01 3.25 3.97 3.28 3.95
October.... 3.10 4.15 3.48 11ll 3.46 4.12 3.35 4.06 3.11 4.08
November... 3.62 1.13 3.5h h.12 3.49 .11. 3.35 h.05 3.48 1.09
December... 3.37 4.04 3.47 1.02 3.42 4.00 3.31 3.98 3.42 3.98
St. av. ... 3.18 3.90 3.28 3.91 3.30 3.89 3.19 3.86 3.21 3.86
2/ Represents a weighted average of the prices of milk for butter and byproducts, American cheese, and
evaporated milk. Individual series are shown in table 10. 2/ Revised. 3/ Preliminary.
Table 12.-Evaporated whole milk: Manufacturers' average selling price per case of 48 1 -oz.
cans in carlots, by months, United States, 1955-59, and geographic divisions, 1959 1/
dollarss)
1959 by division
Month 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 New Mid. So. E. No. W. No. So. No. So.
Eng. Atl. Atl. Cent. Cent. Cent. West Vest
January.... 5.56 5.71 5.93 6.15 6.16 6.10 6.07 6.13 6.06 6.24 6.22 6.31 6.35
February... 5.56 5.69 5.93 6.15 6.17 6.10 6.08 6.13 6.07 6.2h 6.22 6.31 6.35
March...... 5.57 5.68 5.95 6.15 6.17 6.10 6.08 6.14 6.08 6.21 6.23 6.31 6.35
April...... 5.57 5.69 6.05 6.12 6.17 6.10 6.09 6.13 6.07 6.2h 6.23 6.31 6.35
May........ 5.57 5.75 6.06 6.10 6.15 6.08 6.06 6.10 6.05 6.22 6.23 6.31 6.35
June....... 5.57 5.89 6.05 6.11 6.16 6.10 6.06 6.10 6.06 6.23 6.23 6.31 6.35
July....... 5.57 5.92 6.06 6.11 6.15 6.09 6.05 6.09 6.08 6.21 6.23 6.27 6.33
August..... 5.57 5.93 6.06 6.15 6.18 6.12 6.07 6.10 6.09 6.23 6.28 6.31 6.35
September.. 5.57 5.93 6.05 6.15 S.18 6.13 6.09 6.13 6.11 6.24 6.28 6.31 6.35
October.... 5.57 5.93 6.05 6.114 6.25 6.18 6.14 6.19 6.16 6.30 6.35 6.38 6.42
November... 5.61 5.93 6.08 6.1h 6.34 6.28 6.22 6.26 6.23 6.39 6.44 6.53 6.56
December... 5.71 5.93 6.1h 6.15 6.38 6.32 6.26 6.30 6.28 6.44 6.45 6.55 6.58
St. av. ... 5.59 5.83 6.03 6.14 6.20 6.14 6.11 6.15 6.11 6.27 6.28 6.35 6.39
I/ Manufacturers' prices are based upon the reports made by manufacturers covering actual sales of good
delivered at manufacturers' distributing points on the basis of cash or short-time credit. 1959 revised.


Table 13.-Dry whole milk: Manufacturers' average selling price per pound,
f.o.b. plant, United States, by months, 1955-59 1/


(Cents)
1-2A pound packages


1955


12.92
4h.714
12.19
43.241
12.941
13.33
13.52
13.09
43.01
41.56
43.1 1
h3.741


13.13


1956


43.93
11.01
42.75
41.61
13.18
13.89
43.61
42.166
12.55
43.71
11.81
45.61


1957 1958


1*3.611
45.94
45.80
45.63
45.85
45.59
14.88
16.01
h6.66
46.08
45.30
15.31


41.58
46.71
48.75
44.77
46.31
45.141
411.33
15.741
15.32
46.83
47.57
45.05


1959


44.80
46.93
45.04
46.90
43.02
43.61
43.641
417.05
46.50
45.23
11.92
50.21


13.76 15.56 15.91 15.65


5-pound packages


1955 1956 1957


38.76
39.53
39.35
38.6h1
39.32
37.66
38.1A2
38.6h1
37.36
38.90
39.59
39.142


40.79
39.02
38.65
38.56
38.36
38.11
38.941
39.00
39.28
39.08
39.58
10.21A


39.49
40.80
10.149
40.78
10.58
110.15
39.99
10.97
41.91
11.21
41.03
41.61


38.80 39.13 40.75


1958 1959


40.145
11.98
41.77
41.88
12.140
41.22
39.53
40.41
40.78
10.53
39.91
41.26


39.91
40.23
39.55
39.93
39.57
39.66
41.36
42.70
42.A0
11.72
11.68
hh4.03


41.00 11.06


Month


January.*..
February...
March.....*****
April......
Maye.......
July.*** ..
August.....
September..
October.. .
November...
December...
St. avT *'.


I/ See footnote at end of table.
20 -


1 195 1 195







Table 13.-Dry whole milk: Manufacturers' average selling price per pound,
f.o.b. plant, United States, by months, 1955-59 2/--Continued
(Cents)
All other packages including barrels & drums Total dry whole milk
Month
Month 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959
January...*... 33.19 32.24 32.54 33.20 31.08 38.23 38,64 38.11 39.24 37.51
February...... 33.63 32.31 32.36 31.63 30.93 40.07 38.40 37.76 40.43 37.87
March......... 32.55 32.70 32.08 31.53 30.89 38.06 37.78 39.55 39.00 38.11
April......... 32.30 31.35 32.58 31.34 31.45 38.77 38.50 39.97 37.25 39.39
May........... 31.80 32.31 31.82 30,52 30.62 38.66 38.10 38.72 39.18 37.08
June. ........ 32.78 31.88 32.06 30.64 30.21 38.14 38.81 39.32 39.18 38.09
July.......... 32.23 33.17 31.74 30.95 31.00 38.89 38.95 39.12 38.14 38.53
August........**** 33.36 33.12 32.16 30.46 31.06 39.23 38.97 40.34 38.23 39.12
September..... 32.90 32.80 33.08 30.92 31.73 37.77 38.33 39.46 38.58 40.49
October......** 33.30 33.21 32.58 32.33 32.05 38.73 37.81 38.14 38.66 37.64
November...... 33.02 32.70 32.42 31.36 32.36 38.83 37.13 39.17 38.18 39.00
December**.....*** 33.25 32.66 32.66 31.26 32.69 38.96 39.08 40.43 38.52 39.97
St. av. ...... 32.89 32.54 32.34 3134 31.34 38.62 38.38 39.17 38.72 38.57
I/ Prices reported by firms weighted by their shipments to derive averages and segments also weighted
by-shipments to derive combined prices. 1959 revised.


Table 14.-Nonfat dry milk: Manufacturers' average selling price per pound,
f.o.b. plant, United States, by months, 1955-59 2/
(Cents)
Spray process for human food Roller process for human food
1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959

January....... 15.60 15.57 15.47 15.50 13.68 14.36 13.69 13.72 13.90 12.50
February...... 15.58 15.59 15.47 15.38 13.69 14.17 13.48 13.59 13.70 12.64
March......... 15.53 15.58 15.48 15.33 13.67 13.91 13.43 13.60 13.54 12.41
April......... 15.56 15.61 15.52 14.29 13.66 13.70 13.30 13.78 12.18 12.43
May........... 15.51 15.58 15.149 13.89 13.65 13.68 13.22 13.70 12.06 12.37
June.......... 15.57 15.51 15.53 13.83 13.68 13.67 13.28 13.56 12.02 12.25
July.......... 15.55 15.35 15.44 13.81 13.71 13.79 13.37 13.55 12.19 12,29
August........ 15.57 15.37 15.51 13.80 13.60 14.17 13.44 13.74 12.31 12.54
September..... 15.68 15.45 15.47 13.79 13.67- 14.26 13.49 13.86 12.38 12.80
October....... 15.54 15.53 15.44 13.78 13.68 14.20 13.62 13.85 12.46 12.92
November...... 15.55 15.49 15.50 13.76 13.80 14.12 13.69 14.27 12.62 13.07
December...... 15.62 15.49 15.51 13.69 13.78 14.02 13.57 13.99 12.52 13.04
St. av. ...... 15.57 15.51 15.49 314.24 13.69 14.00 13.46 13.77 12.66 12.60

Total for human food Dry skim for animal feed

January....... 15.42 15.35 15.27 15.35 13.57 10.48 10.13 10.07 9.69 9.78
February...... 15.37 15.36 15.24 15.25 13.60 10.66 10.34 9.89 9.79 9.70
March......... 15.33 15.38 15.29 15.20 13.58 10.59 10.07 9.83 9.96 9.72
April......... 15.29 15.35 15.36 14.12 13.56 10.85 9.94 9.83 9.76 9.74
May........... 15.20 15.25 15.28 13.72 13.54 10.63 10.04 10.12 9.58 9.75
June.......... 15.28 15.18 15.29 13.62 13.54 10.51 10.06 10.11 9.67 9.66
July.......... 15.26 15.08 15.22 13.67 13.59 10.70 9.81 10.03 9.44 10.07
August........ 15.38 15.10 15.30 13.67 13.51 10.26 9.96 10.00 9.39 9.91
September...... 15.49 15.17 15.28 13.62 13.59 10.20 9.86 9.51 9.50 9.85
October....... 15.37 15.24 15.23 13.63 13.62 10.10 9.91 9.89 9.81 9.98
November...... 15.35 15.22 15.35 13.65 13.74 9.86 9.81 10.07 9.64 9.99
December...... 15.43 15.22 15.37 13.57 13.73 10.08 9.62 10.03 9.57 10.21
St. av. ....***** 15.35 15.24 15.29 14.09 13.60 10.37 9.96 9.95 9.65 9.86


I/ Prices reported by firms weighted by their shipments to
by shipments to derive combined prices. 1959 revised.


derive averages and segments also weighted


- 21 -







Table 15.-Nonfat dry milk for human consumption: Manufacturers' average selling
price per pound in carlots, f.o.b. plant, Chicago area (Minnesota, Wisconsin,
Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan) by months 1955-59 i/
(Cents)

Spray process Roller process
Month
1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959
January........ 15.45 15.48 15.33 15.23 13.32 14.01 13.38 13.22 13.84 12.04
February....... 15.38 15.32 15.15 15.20 13.32 13.76 12.95 13-32 13.72 12.07
March......... 15.53 15.36 15.30 15.17 13.32 13.59 13.05 13.16 13.55 12.12
April.......... 15.48 15.39 15.35 14.61 13.32 13.46 13.53 13.22 12.20 11.91
May............. 15.40 15.42 15.33 13.40 13.40 13.38 13.52 13.20 11.65 12.20
June........... 15.62 15.40 15.31 13.29 13.40 13.27 13.21 13.30 11.56 11.80
July........... 15.62 15.22 15.26 13.40 13.35 13.38 13.09 13.05 11.69 11.94
August.......... 15.38 15.29 15.28 13.36 13.47 13.74 13.33 13.27 11.92 12.17
September...... 15.49 15.13 15.25 13.38 13.52 13.95 13.43 13.46 11.89 12.26
October........ 15.55 15.26 15.22 13.31 13.58 13.95 13.19 13.60 12.06 12.56
November........ 15.18 15.32 15.22 13.35 13.42 13.82 13.29 13.68 12.21 12.63
December....... 15.32 15.18 15.24 13.35 13.55 13.65 13.36 13.71 12.06 12.83

1/ Fiscal month from 26th of preceding month through 25th of current month.


Table 16.-Dry buttermilk: Manufacturers' average selling price per pound,
f.o.b. plant, United States, by months, 1955-59 i/
(Cents)

Human food Animal feed
Month .. ..
1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959

January........ 12.86 14.28 14.19 14.72 13.51 9.92 9.42 8.34 8.58 9.93
February....... 12.73 14.28 14.16 14.79 13.94 10.14 9.33 8.36 8.37 9.91
March.......... 12.80 14.17 14.22 14.39 13.46 9.53 9.05 7.84 8.95 10.10
April.......... 13.71 14.18 14.44 13.14 13.62 9.58 8.50 7.78 8.88 10.20
May............ 13.86 13.84 13.96 12.79 13.53 9.39 8.36 7.61 8.87 10.40
June........... 13.91 13.95 14.40 12.82 13.43 9.29 8.02 7.38 9.29 9.90
July........... 14.18 14.19 14.31 12.86 13.55 9.33 8.01 7.65 9.18 9.57
August......... 14.49 14.40 14.38 13.11 13.62 9.41 8.25 7.83 9.03 10.28
September...... 14.36 14.19 14.48 13.31 13.99 9.70 7.79 7.99 9.41 9.85
October........ 14.24 14.41 14.48 13.54 13.96 9.78 8.13 8.40 9.68 10.46
November....... 14.48 14.34 14.37 13.65 14.08 9.62 8.34 8.33 10.09 10.64
December....... 14.25 14.22 14.85 13.61 13.79 9.41 8.09 8.27 9.82 10.56
St. av. ....... 13.82 14.20 14.35 13.56 13.71 9.59 8.44 7.98 9.18 10.15

Total human food and animal feed


January........ 11.93 13.28 12.98 13.73 13.04
February....... 11.99 13.07 13.01 13.52 13.40
March.......... 11.65 13.12 13.03 13.41 13.02
April.......... 12.47 13.03 13.21 12.55 13.11
May............ 12.33 12.59 12.81 12.28 13.10
June........... 12.01 12.50 12.91 12.27 12.94
July........... 12.94 12.55 13.15 12.31 12.94
August......... 13.25 12.74 12.67 12.47 13.11
September...... 13.61 12.59 12.98 12.76 13.32
October........ 13.08 13.03 12.93 12.95 13.52
November....... 12.87 12.53 13.27 13.04 13.61
December....... 12.95 12.77 13.47 13.11 13.30
St. av......... 12.59 12.82 13.04 12.87 13.20


i/ Prices reported by firms weighted by their shipments to
by shipments to derived combined prices. 1959 revised.


derive averages and segments also weighted


-22-






FLUID MIIL AND CREAM: PRICES, SALES AND RECEIPTS


Dealer bing prices unchanged from 1958

Prices paid by dealers for fluid use milk in about 160 markets
throughout the United States in 1959 averaged $5.41 per hundred-
weight -- the same as the revised annual average for 1958. Dealer
buying prices were down from the previous year in 5 regions, up in
3, and unchanged in 1. United States monthly buying prices varied
from a low of $5.09 in June to a high of $5.65 in November. This
seasonal spread of 56 cents was about the usual range between the
months of lowest and highest prices.

New high in home delivery prices

Prices per single quart of milk delivered to homes in 25 major
markets throughout the United States averaged 25.6 cents per quart
during 1959. This was an increase of 0.2 cent per quart from the
previous record high average in 1958 and 2.1 cents above the 1953-57
annual average. Declines from 1958 occurred in Boston, Detroit,
Jacksonville, and Louisville. Annual average prices were unchanged
in Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Minneapolis, Baltimore,
Denver, and Seattle. Home delivery single quart prices in the re-
maining 14 cities were at record high levels.

1959 whole milk, skim milk and half-and-half sales above 1958;
fluid cream sales lower

Sales of fluid whole milk on an average daily basis in 49
Federal Order and 3 State marketing areas during 1959 were estimated
at 2 percent above 1958. In-area sales of fluid milk and cream items
are reported sales for all of 1958, in the State markets reporting
for 1959, and the first 11 months of Federal Order data for 1959. In
the calculation, in-area sales by markets under Federal Order for
December have been estimated on the basis of total market sales where
available and observed trends in other markets. Average daily sales
of skim milk items in 51 of the markets (Connecticut excluded) were 9
percent higher in 1959 than in 1958.

Average daily sales of milk and cream mixtures in 51 of the 52
areas (Connecticut excluded) during 1959 were h percent above 1958.
Fluid cream item sales (average daily) in 48 of the 52 markets (the
3 Massachusetts markets and Connecticut excepted) for 1959 were 2
percent below the previous year.

Annual milk receipts increase 3 percent

Milk receipts from producers (average daily basis) in the 68
marketing areas during 1959 showed an increase of 3 percent from the
annual total in 1958. Receipts per producer in these markets averaged
590 pounds in 1959 -- up 7 percent from the 549 pound average in 1958.
Producer numbers declined about 4 percent from 1958, with decreases in
53 of the total 68 marketing areas.


- 23 -







Table 17.-Dealers' average buying prices for milk for fluid milk use (f.o.b. city)
by months, U. S. 1955-59, by regions 1959 V/
(per hundredweight 3.5% fat;weighted by population of individual markets)

United States Regions, 1959 2/
Month East West East T ,
Month 1959 New Mid. East West South Eat est Mun- Pa
1955 1956 1957 1958 2/ g. Atl. North North Atl. South south ta cic
Cent. Cent. Cent. Cent.
Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol.
January... 5.23 5.31 5.55 5.59 5.48 6.26 6.31 4.36 4.25 6.11 5.15 5.60 5.60 5.23
February.. 5.19 5.27 5.50 5.57 5.46 6.45 6.27 4.28 4.24 6.08 5.14 5.61 5.54 5.24
March..... 5.14 5.13 5.39 5.47 5.39 6.23 6.19 4.17 4.24 6.09 5.08 5.50 5.56 5.24
April..... 5.01 4.99 5.28 5.22 5.21 5.79 5.86 4.11 4.01 6.07 4.98 5.44 5.55 5.18
May....... 4.91 5.15 5.15 5.11 5.10 5.58 5.63 4.05 3.96 6.07 4.94 5.38 5.53 5.18
June...... 4.92 5.17 5.15 5.08 5.09 5.58 5.67 3.98 3.93 6.06 4.95 5.26 5.48 5.18
July...... 5.05 5.32 5.26 5.25 5.27 6.03 6.02 4.07 4.17 6.05 5.01 5.35 5.44 5.19
August.... 5.18 5.35 5.42 5.40 5.42 6.24 6.21 4.36 4.24 6.08 5.17 5.35 5.44 5.19
September. 5.31 5.44 5.58 5.50 5.57 6.67 6.39 4.44 4.40 6.09 5.33 5.33 5.47 5.43
October... 5.42 5.54 5.73 5.55 5.63 6.66 6.54 4.47 4.46 6.09 5.36 5.42 5.48 5.43
November.. 5.41 5-01 5.75 5.57 5.65 6.67 6.58 4.49 4.45 6.09 5.34 5.44 5.44 5.44
December.. 5.38 5.61 571 .54 5.61 6.67 6.45 4.49 4.37 6.09 5.33 5.50 5.43 5.44
Average... 5.18 5.32 5.46 5.41 5.41 6.23 6.18 4.27 4.23 6.08 5.15 5.43 5.50 5.28

_/ In a number of markets the prices paid for fluid milk and cream are the same. The prices shown are
the latest reported up to and including the 10th of the month. Revised.
2/ Preliminary.


Table 18.-Dealers' average buying prices for milk for fluid milk use (f.o.b. city)
by regions, 19 5-59 1/
(per hundredweight 3.5% fat; weighted by population of individual markets)

New Middle East West South East West
Year England Atlantic North North Atlantic South South Mountain Pacific U. S.
____Cent. Cent. Cent. Cent. _
Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol.
1955....... 5.93 5.81 4.13 4.20 6.08 5.02 5.62 5.5 4.87 5.18
1956...... 5.93 5.84 4.46 4.46 v.0u 5.15 5.78 5._8 5.05 5.32
1957...... 6.28 6.21 4.42 4.31 6.14 5.15 5.58 5.74 5.22 5.46
1958...... 6.13 6.18 4.28 4.24 6.16 5.11 c.55 5.o7 5.17 5.41
1959 2/... 6.23 6.18 4.27 4.23 6.08 5.15 5.43 5.50 5.28 5.41

1/ In a number of markets the prices paid for fluid milk and cream are the same. The prices shown are
the latest reported up to and including the 10th of the month. Revised.
2/ Preliminary.



Table 19.-Average prices of standard grade milk per single quart delivered to homes
in 25 cities, United Stateq by months, 1955-59 I/

Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. | Dec. Average
Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts.
1955 ...... 23.0 23.0 23.0 22.6 22.6 22.6 22.7 22.8 23.2 23.4 23.5 23.6 23.0
1956...... 23.4 23.4 23.4 23.3 23.3 23.8 24.2 24.3 24.5 24.5 24.6 24.7 24.0
1957...... 24.7 24.7 24.6 24.6 24.4 24.3 24.5 24.6 24.9 25.2 25.3 25.5 24.8
1958...... 25.5 25.6 25.5 25.2 25.0 25.0 25.1 25.3 25.4 25.6 25.6 25.6 25.4
1959...... 25.5 25.5 25.4 25.2 25.2 25.2 25.5 25.7 25.9 2t.0 2t.0 26.1 25.6

I/ "Standard grade" is the grade commonly sold in each market. Grades vary between markets due to
differences in determining factors. The prices shown are the latest reported up to and including the
10th of the month.


- 24 -







Table 20.-Prices of standard grade milk per single quart delivered to homes in 25 cities
Annual average by city, 1955-59 _/

City 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 City 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959

Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts.
Boston, Mass........ 24.3 24.7 26.3 26.5 26.3 Washington, D. C.... 24.5 25.5 26.2 26.8 27.0
Hartford, Conn...... 24.8 25.5 27.2 27.5 28.4 Jacksonville, Fla... 27.0 27.0 27.2 29.0 28.8
New York, N. Y...... 25.8 25.9 27.8 29.8 30.9 Louisville, Ky...... 23.0 24.3 24.9 26.0 24.3
Philadelphia, Pa.... 23.5 24.0 25.4 27.0 27.0 New Orleans, La..... 26.8 26.5 26.2 26.8 27.0
Pittsburgh, Pa...... 24.6 24.8 25.8 26.6 26.6 Dallas, Texas....... 24.0 25.8 25.2 26.2 27.0
Cleveland, Ohio..... 20.4 22.1 22.6 23.8 23.8 Denver, Colo........ 24.0 24.7 25.0 25.0 25.0
Indianapolis, Ind... 22.0 22.2 23.0 23.0 23.2 Salt Lake City,Utah. 21.3 22.2 23.5 24.0 24.5
Chicago, Ill........ 25.9 26.9 27.0 27.5 28.4 Seattle, Wash....... 21.6 23.1 24.3 23.8 23.8
Detroit, Mich....... 22.0 24.0 24.3 24.3 24.1 Portland, Ore....... 21.8 23.7 24.8 2fe.0 25.5
Milwaukee, Wis...... 20.2 21.2 22.5 22.7 23.3 San Francisco,Cal.2/ 21.5 22.0 24.2 25.1 25.5
Minneapolis, Minn.2/ 19.8 22.0 21.6 22.0 22.0 Los Angeles, Cal. 2/ 21.5 22.3 23.5 24.7 25.2
Kansas City, Mo..... 22.2 23.3 23.3 22.3 23.4
Omaha, Nebr......... 19.6 21.4 22.0 22.0 22.5 Average.......... 23.0 24.0 24.8 25.4 25.6
Baltimore, Md....... 23.7 24.1 25.3 27.0 27.0




Prevailing price in each city by months, 1959
City Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Av.
Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts. Cts.
Boston, Mass........ 26, 26f- 261- 25?- 25- 25- 25- 25v- 26,- 26- 26- 26-- 26.3
27 27 26 25? 25? 26 26 272 27 277 272
Hartford, Conn...... 27- 27" 271 27 261- 27 28? 29 30 30 30 30 28.4
New York, N. Y....... 30- 302- 301- 29- 29- 29- 30- 304- 31- 311- 314- 32-
31 31 31 30 30 30 31 312 32 32 32 33 30.9
Philadelphia, Pa.... 27 27 27 26 26 26 27 27 27 28 28 28 27.0
Pittsburgh, Pa...... 27 27 27 26 26 26 26 26 27 27 27 27 26.6
Cleveland, Ohio..... 24 24 24 24 24 23 23 24 24 24 24 24 23.8
Indianapolis, Ind... 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 24 24 24 23.2
Chicago, Ill........ 26- 26- 26- 26- 26- 26- 27- 27- 27- 27- 27- 27- 28.4
29?29 29> 29- 29329 303 3131 31 31 31
Detroit, Mich....... 24; 23? 231 23i 232 23i 23-23- 24 244 25 25 25-25- 24.1
Milwaukee, Wis...... 22 23 23 23 23 23 23 24 24 24 24 24 23.3
Minneapolis, Minn... 21-22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22.0
Kansas City, Mo..... 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 24 24 24 24 24 23.4
Omaha, Nebr......... 22 22 22 22 22 22 23 23 23 23 23 23 22.5
Baltimore, Md....... 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27.0
Washington, D. C.... 26- 26- 26- 2- 26- 2626 26- 26 6- 26,- 26- 26k- 27- 27.0
27f 272 272 27i 27? 271 271 274 27 27 27 28
Jacksonville, Fla... 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 25-30 25-30 29 29 29 28.8
Louisville, Ky...... 26 26 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24.3
New Orleans, La..... 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27.0
Dallas, Texas ....... 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27.0
Denver, Colo........ 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25.0
Salt Lake City,Utah. 24 24 24 24 24 24 25 25 25 25 25 25 24.5
Seattle, Wash....... 23- 23? 23 23- 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 23.8
Portland, Ore....... 25 25 25 25 25 25 26 26 26 26 26 26 25.5
SanFann., cal. 2/.. 25- 25- 25L 25 25 25 25 25 26 26 26 26 25.5
Los Angeles, Cal.... 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25f 25 251 25 25.2
Average........... 25.5 25.5 25.4 25.2 25.2 25.2 25.5 25.7 25.9 26.0 26.0 26.1 25.6
I/ "Standard grade" is the grade commonly sold in each market. Grades vary between markets due to
differences in determining factors. The prices shown are the latest reported up to and including the
10th of the month..
2/ In markets having a service charge on the first unit at each single delivery location, the charge
has been divided between 2 quarts. Since the single quart concept used historically is based on every
day delivery, it is assumed that under every other day delivery the charge represents a two quart
purchase. Service charge effective: Minneapolis, all of the period shown prior to June 1957;
San Francisco, beginning March 1957; Los Angeles, May 1956 through August 1958.


- 25 -







Table 21.--Whole milk and skim milk products: Average daily sales and test in
certain Federal Order and State marketing areas, 1958-1959 1/

Whole milk Skim milk products

Marketing area 1958 2/ 1959 / 1958 2/ 1959 1/
Quantity M'fat Quantity Ml'fat Quantity M'fat Quantity M'fat
I test Itest Iteat test


Boston, Mass................
Springfield, Mass... .......
Worcester, Mass.............
Connecticut -FS.............
Niagara Frontier -S........ a
Rochester, N. Y -S****........
Philadelphia, Pa...........**
Northeastern Ohio...**......,
Cincinnati, Ohio...........o
Columbus, Ohio.............o
Dayton-Springfield, Ohio....
Toledo, Ohio................
Fort Wayne, Ind.............
Chicago, Ill.........
Quad Cities, Ill.-la........
Detroit, Mich...............
Milwaukee, Wis..............
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn..
Cedar Rapids-Iowa City, Iowa
Sioux City, Iowa............
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans.......
Neosho Valley, Kans.-Mo.....
St. Louis, Mo...............
Sioux Falls-Mitchell, S.D...
Omaha-Lincoln-C.B.-,Nebr.-Ia
Southwest Kansas*...........
Wichita, Kansas.............
Wilmington, Delaware........
Bluefield, W. Va.-Va........
Clarksburg, W. Va...........
Wheeling, W. Va............
South Carolina -S...........
Southeastern Florida........
Louisville, Kentucky........
Paducah, Kentucky...........
Appalachian, Tenn.-Va.-Ky...
Chattanooga, Tenn...........
Knoxville, Tennessee........
Memphis, Tennessee..........
Nashville, Tennessee........
Central Mississippi.........
Central Arkansas............
New Orleans, Louisiana......
Oklahoma Metropolitan ......
Austin-Waco, Texas..........
Corpus Christi, Texas......
North Texas.................
San Antonio, Texas..........
Texas Panhandle.............
Central Arizona.............
Inland Empire, Wash.-Idaho..
Puget Sound, Wash ...........
Total (52 markets )b/


1,000
pounds

2,401
435
288
2,080
1,017
414
2,101
2,538
605
535
575
509
12h4
5,100
211
3,2214
888
1,164
117
79
1,008
205
1,136
66
410
104
250
235
74
156
316
803
950
579
77
166
202
202
351
282
305
282
587
750
381
351
1,225
423
205
721
2142
1,201


- ---


38,684 5/3.57 39,367 5/3.56


1,000
Pct. pounds

- 2,370
- 440
- 293
- 2,127
3.62 1,032
3.63 449
3.73 2,130
3.54 2,56h
3.52 649
3.52 557
3.56 605
3.52 51h
3.53 128
3.50 q,1l6
3.42 218
3.52 3,207
3.51 898
3.52 1,186
3.31 119
3.'A2 81
3.1.7 1,001
3.56 205
3.39 1,llh
3.39 69
3.57 h30
3.40 110
3.30 258
3.63 207
3.72 74
3.69 16h
3.58 323
- 8214
3.82 983
3.70 603
3.59 80
3.68 171
3.97 205
3.71 208
3.76 367
3.59 29h
3.95 328
3.72 300
3.93 595
3.67 761
3.61 308
3.60 361
3.61 1,255
3.52 445
3.52 223
3.5b 767
3.61 2h3
3.5h 1,2131


2773.8


5/1. o


Pct.




3.61
3.63
3.71
3.53
3.52
3.51
3.53
3.53
3.5h
3.50
3.07
3.52
3.52
3.50
3.36
3.13
3.16
3.514
3.36
3.38
3.-5h
3.39
3.31
3.61
3.71
3.65
3.56

3.76
3.67
3.65
3.65
3.91
3.69
3.73
3.58
3.92
3.70
3.90
3.66
3.5h
3.59
3.53
3.)h8
3.52
3.5h
3.61
3.5h


3022.8 5/1.9


- 26 -


1,000
pounds
79.8
19.4
9.7

25.6
41.1
111.7
181.0
66.2
L2.2
58.6
22.6
11.6
368.h
12.9
146.9
72.7
lOh.11
19.8
11.0
67.1
9.3

11.0
LU.?
3.3
13.0
10.9
8.2
8. )
11.8
14U.2
96.5
55.
11.0
25.7
34.9
35.6
UL.7
53.1
34.0
h0.3
31.5
51.9
?6.3
19.9
101,.9
23.9
1h.6
65.7
21.3
111.2


--


1,000
Pet. pounds
- 84.9
- 19.6
- 9.8

.76 27.2
.52 42.4
.88 119.7
1.25 202.7
1.L4 69.7
.98 46.3
1.45 59.9
.61 25.5
1.36 13.0
1.36 bl3.41
1.52 dh.8
.80 158.2
1.06 87.?
.82 132.hI
.96 21.6
1.0 11.1
.90 93.2
1.02 10.7
1.53 112.0
1.69 12.1
.63 46.2
1.07 3.7
.56 13.1
.90 11.14
.37 7.8
1.01 8.7
1.06 12.3
- 150.1
.72 98.7
1.24 59.5
.96 12.6
.7L 27.8
.63 36.1
.78 38.2
.52 i,6.1
.63 53.1
1.10 36.7
1.28 12.9
1.10 33.9
1.01 55.9
.91 26.5
1.30 20.2
1.02 103.1
1.35 2h.6
1.3h 15.1,
.94 72.2
.18 22.8
.75 125.9


Pct.




.75
.50
.81
1.33
1.59
.97
1.52
.73
1.41

1.52
.75
1.10
.82
1.ll
1.02
1.23
1.03
1.58
1.56
.60
.96
.59
.82
.60
1.15
.98

.75
1.29
1.13
.76
.72
.82
.61
.65
1.12
1.26
1.17
1.13
1.05
1.30
1.06
1.33
1.35
1.0O
.55
.86







Table 21.-Whole milk and skim milk preductse Average daily sales and test in certain
Federal Order and State marketing areas, 1958-1959--Continued I/


Marketing area


Boston, Mass..........* *****
Springfield, Mass............
Worcester, Mass..............
Connecticut -FS..............
Niagara Frontier -S..........
Rochester, N.Y. -S..........
Philadelphia, Pa.............
Northeastern Ohio............
Cincinnati, Ohio.............
Columbus, Ohio...............
Dayton-Springfield, Ohio.....
Toledo, Ohio.................
Fort Wayne, Ind..............
Chicago, Il...............
Quad Cities, Il11.-Iowa..**..*
Detroit, Mich................
Milwaukee, Wisconsin.........
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn...
Cedar Rapids-Iowa City, Iowa.
Sioux City, IoUa.............
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans........
Neosho Valley, Kans.-Mo......
St. Louis, Missouri..........
Sioux Falls-Mitchell, S.D....
Omaha-Lincoln-C.B.,Nebr.-Iowa
Southwest Kansas............*
Wichita, Kansas..............
Wilmington, Delaware.........
Bluefield, W. Va.-Va.........
Clarksburg, West Virginia....
Wheeling, West Virginia......
South Carolina -S............
Southeastern Florida...*....
Louisville, Kentucky.........
Paducah, Kentucky............
Appalachian, Tenno-Va.-Ky....
Chattanooga, Tennessee.......
Knoxville, Tennessee.........
Memphis, Tennessee...........
Nashville, Tennessee.........
Central Mississippi..........
Central Arkansas.............
New Orleans, Louisiana...**..
Oklahoma Metropolitan........
Austin-Waco, Texas..........*
Corpus Christi, Texas.. .....
North Texasoo................
San Antonio, Texas...........
Texas Panhandle..............
Central Arizona..............
Inland Empire, Wash.-Idaho...
Puget Sound, Washington......
Total (52 markets )h/


Whole milk and skim milk


products combined
1958 ? 1 1959 Y9
MQuantity fat Quantlty M'fat
Quantity test test


1,000
pounds
2,480.8

297.7

1,0,2.6
485.1
2,212.7
2,719.0
671.2
577.2
633.6
531.6
135.6
5,468.4
253.9
3,370.9
960.7
1,268.4
136.8
90.0
1,075.1
214.3
1,240.1
77.0
454.2
107.3
263.0
245.9
82.2
164.4
327.8
947.2
1,0146.5
634.8
88.0
191.7
236.9
237.6
395.7
335.1
339.0
322.3
618.5
801.9
407.3
370.9
1,329.8
446.9
219.6
786.7
263.3
1,312.2


Pet.



3.55
3.37
3.59
3.39
3.31
3.33
3.36
3.40
3.34
3.36
3.10
3.40
3.32
3.30
2.97
3.13
3.31
3.45
3.23
3.15
3.28
3.33
3.16
3.51
3.39
3.55
3.149

3.53
3.48
3.26
3.29
3.48
3.27
3.39
3.12
3.66
3.41
3.79
3.50
3.144
3.48
3.41
3.40
3.38
3.32
3.36
3.30


41,457.8 /3.39


1,000
pounds
2,45U.9
459.6
302.8

1,059.2
491.4
2,249.7
2,766.7
718.7
603.3
664.9
539.5
141.0
5,559.4
262.8
3,405.2
985.2
1,318.4
140.6
92.1
1,094.2
215.7
1,226.0
81.1
476.2
113.7
271.1
258.4
81.8
172.7
335.3
974.1
1,081.7
662.5
92.6
198.8
241.1
246.2
413.4
347.1
364.7
3342.8
628.8
816.9
426.5
381.2
1,358.1
469.6
238.4
839.2
265.8
1,339.8


Pet.



3.54
3.36
3.56
3.37
3.33
3.32
3.35
3.40
3.35
3.34
3.14
3.39
3.31
3.23
3.01
3.14
3.27
3.42
3.20
3.11
3.25
3.31
3.18
3.49
3.41
3.52
3.47

3.49
3.46
3.31
3.25
3.46
3.24
3.38
3.13
3.64
3.40
3.75
3.49
3.38
3.147
3.34
3.37
3.38
3.32
3.35
3.29


42,389.8 5/3.37


1959 as percent of 1958 h


Whole milk


Pet.
99
101
102
102
101
101
101
101
107
104
105
101
103
101
103
101
101
102
102
103
99
100
98
105
105
106
103
105
100
105
102
103
103
104
104
103
101
103
105
104
108
106
101
101
104
103
102
105
109
106
100
101


101.8


Skim Whole milk
milk and skim milk
products products combined


Pct.

101
101

106
103
107
112
105
110
102
113
112
112
104
108
120
127
109
101
139
115
108
110
105
112
101
105
95
104
104
1014
102
107
115
108
103
107
104
100
108
106
107
108
101
102
98
103
105
110
107
113


109.0


Pct.
99
101
102

102
101
102
102
107
105
105
101
104
102
104
101
103
104
103
102
102
101
99
105
105
106
103
105
100
105
102
103
103
104
105
10o
102
104
104
104
108
106
102
102
104
103
102
105
109
107
101
102


102.2


1/ Quantity includes: Whole milk plain and flavored whole milk with milkfat content meeting minimum
standards for the market; Skim ilk products plain and fortified skim and part-skim milk, buttermilk
and cultured specialties, and flavored milkdrinks sold within the marketing area. Data include all
Federal markets for which reported data are comparable and contain no significant quantities of out-of-
area sales. For other exceptions refer to the monthly issues of the Fluid Milk and Cream Report~
2/ Revised. 3/ Preliminary. (December sales estimated). S- Under State control. h1 Computed
frcg unrounded data.5/Excludes all Massachusetts markets, Corxecticut and South Carolina for purposes of
comparison.
Compiled from reports of Market Administrators and State milk control agencies.
27 -


IIIIII


T


1







Table 22.--Milk and cream mixtures and fluid cream products: Average daily sales
and test in certain Federal Order and 5tate marketing areas, 1958-1959 1/

Milk and creama mixtures Fluid cream products
1958 1Q 159 15 198__/59
.-bil tinr area _... ...
Quantity "fat uant.itv fat Quantity M'fat Quantity 'fat
Test test test test
1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
poMds Pet. pounds Pet. pounds Pct. pounds Pet.
New England / .............. 2.2 -
,or.r.rtirut FS ....... -
Niagara Frontilr S.......... 6.6 10.6 A.7 10.7 13.5 2h.3 1?.7 2h.2
Rochester, N.Y. S........... 3.2 10.8 3.7 10.7 5.3 26.5 5.1 2h.8
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.. 7.9 11.? 11.0 31.5 hO.h 22.2 37.h 22.3
Northeastern Ohio.......... 3)1.2 11.3 38.7 11.5 37.2 ?1.0 35.2 19.9
Cincinnati, Ohioo........... 7.6 11.2 8.5 11.3 7.0 21.0 6.7 21.1
Co3uihus, Ohio.......****.......** 9. 11. 1C. 11.h 6.3 20.2 6.6 20,2
Dayton-Sprincfield, Ohio.... 9.6 11 10. 11.8 h.8q 22.A h.7 22.6
Toledo, Ohio................ 11.2 10.6 1i.i 10.9 3.7 26,1 3.6 25.'j
Fort Vavne, Indiana......... ?.5 12.3 2.6 12.1 1.0 23.h .9 21.6
Chicago, Ilinois.......... 211.P 12.1 21 :. 12.0 56.5 21.1- 56. 21.3
Quad Cities, Illinois-Iowa. A. 12.2 7.9 ]?.* 1.0 29.3 1.5 25.5
Detroit, Michigan........... 65.2 10.6 70.1 10.6 L.7.8 19.7 lIlt.5 19.8
Milwaukee, Wisconsin.....i.. 15.6 12.6 17.0 12.5 11.8 2h.9 31.1 ?.8P
Minneapolis-St. Paul, inrm.. 31.8 12.1 31.- 12.0 17.1 27.9 16.7 28.1
Cedar Rapids-Iowa City, Iowa h.6 12.0 )!.5 12.3 .5 29.8 .5 28.1,
Sioux City, Iowa... a ........ 3.3 11.5 3.3 11.5 .h 29.2 .4 29.1
Kansas City, Missouri-Kanso 1601 12.0 17.6 11.9 8.8 23.2 8.5 23*5
Neosho Valley, Kans.-Mo...* '5.7 1?.? 5.7 12.3 .7 31.6 .7 31.2
St. Louis, Missouri...*..... 17.? 11.8 1F.0 11.9 13.2 20.0 12.9 39.6
Sioux Falls-Mitchell, S.D... 2.1 13.0 2.0 12.6 .5 35.0 .6 32.1
Omaha-Lincoln-C.P.,Nebr.-Ia. 1i.6 11.8 l11.6 11.9 3.3 2h.8 3.3 25.2
Southwest Kansas............ 2.6 12.? 2.6 11.7 .3 34.0 .3 32.2
Wichita, Kensas.............. 5. 11.). 5. 11.1. 1.5 23.3 1.3 23.7
Wilaington, Delaware........ .6 11.6 .9 13.1L 3.? 23.0 3.3 23.2
Bluefield, W. Va.-Va........ .2 12.0 .2 12.0 .2 26.8 .2 26.A
Clarksburg, West Virginia... 1.8 12.0 1.9 1U.9 .5 2h.8 .A 2h.0
Wheeling, West Virginia..... 2.2 11.2 2.5 11.7 2.3 20.9 2.?2 21.3
South Carolina S............ 2.4 3.2 3.7 3.7 -
Southeastern Florida........ 19.2 9.6 22.6 9.5 2610 20.7 25.3 22.1
Louisville, Kentucky........ 5.9 12.0 6.3 12.0 3.6 23.8 3.6 23.3
Pbduc.h, Kentucky........... .h 12.1 .5 12.8 .3 36.7 .3 36.3
Appalachian, Tenn.-Va.-Ky... 12.9 .5 12.8 .6 25.3 .6 2l.9
Chatianoora, Tennessee*..... .1 12.0 .5 12.0 1.6 25.6 1.5 26.0
Knoxville, Tennessee ........ 1. 12.3 1.2 12.3 1.0 29.0 1.0 29.2
Memphis, Tennessee.......... 2.1 12.0 2.9 12.0 4.5 22.1 h.6 22.2
Nashville, Tennessee.......** 3.h 12.3 3.3 12.2 1.3 32.0 1.1 31.4
Central Mississippi......... 3.6 12.7 b.1 1.3. 1.5 29.8 1.1 30.3
Central Arkansas............ 3.8 11.7 L.3 12.0 1.h 29.2 1.A 29.?
New Orleans, Louisiana ...... 4. 12. 5.1 12.2 )1.9 22.6 1.8 22.2
Oklahoma Metropolitan*...... 11.8 12.0 12.5 32.0 5$. 25.7 h.9 26.3
Austin-Waco, Texas.......... 5.9 12,' 6.? 12.L 2.2 29.5 2.1 30.3
Corpus Christi, Texas...... 6.0 12.2 6.0 12.3 .9 28.5 .9 28.8
North Texas................ 20.5 12.3 91.6 12.0 9.7 28.3 9.9 28.j
San Antonio, Texas.......... 7.7 12.2 7.8 12.2 1.7 ?7.7 1.7 26.3
Texbs Panhandle............. 3.1 13.0 3.3 12.9 .9 29.0 .9 2R.8
Central Arizona............. 13.1 11.7 i.?3 11.8 3.7 22.9 4.3 22.6
Inland Empire, Wash.-Idaho.. 5.6 12.2 5.6 12.2 3.0 27.7 2.8 27.7
Puget Sound, Washington..... 31.7 11.7 32.7 11.7 15.8 27.1 17.2 26.5
Total (51 markets) 5/..... 660.5 6/11.7 689.4 6/11.7 380.2 6/22.8 371.4 6/22.8


- 28 -







Table 22.--Milk and cream mixtures and fluid cream products: Average daily sales
and test in certain Federal Order and State marketing areas, 1958-1959--Continued /
Milk and cream mixtures and fluid cream 1959 as percent of 1958
Suproducts combined V .-_
1958 2/ 1959 3/ Milk and Fluid Milk and cream
Marketing areaa cream Creuid mixtures & fluid
Quantity Quantity M mixtures rea cream products
,,test tet combed


New England V/.............
ConnecticutYS ..............
Niagara Frontier -S.........
Rochester, N. Y. ,S......***
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania..
Northeastern Ohio...........
Cincinnati, Ohio............
Columbus, Ohio.............***
Dayton-Springfield, Ohio....
Toledo, Ohio...............
Fort Wayne, Indiana.........
Chicago, Illinois...........
Quad Cities, Illinois-lowa..
Detroit, Michigan...........
Milwaukee, Wisconsin.....*..
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn..
Cedar Rapids-!owa City, Iowa
Sioux City, Iow..*...**.....
Kansas City, Missouri-Kans..
Neosho Valley, Kans.-Mo.....
St. louis, Missouri.........
Sioux Falls-Mitchell, S.P...
OCaha-Lincoln-C.P., Nebr.-Ia.
Southwest Kansas............
Wichita, Kansas............
Wilmington, Delaware.........
Pluefield, W. Va.-Va.......
Clarksburg, West Virginia...
Wheeling, West Virginia....
South Carolina -S...........
Southeastern Florida........
Louisville, Kentucky........,
Paducah, Kentucky...........
Appalachian, Tenn.-Va.-Ky.**
Chattanooga, Tennessee......
Knoxville, Tennessee........
Memphis, Tennessee..........
Nashville, Tennessee...*..,.
Central Mississippi.........
Central Arkansas........****
New Orleans, Louisiana....*****..
OkMahoma Metropolitan.......
Austin-Waco, Texas....***...
Corpus Christi, Texas.......
North Texas.................
San Antonio, Texas.........,
Texas Panhandle....** ..... .
( Atral Arizona.............
Inland Empire, Wash.-Idaho..
Puget Sound, Washington.....
Total (51 markets)5/...


1,000



20.1
8.5
48.3
71.4
14.6
15.7
14.4
17.9
3.5
271.3
9.5
113.0
27.4
48.9
5.1
3.7
24.9
6.4
30.4
2.6
17.9
2.9
7.0
4.1
.4
2.3
4.5
6.1
43.2
9.5
.7
1.0
1.7
2.1
6.9
4.5
5.1
5.2
9.4
16.9
8.1
6.9
30.2
9.14
4.0
17.1
8.6
47.5


Pct.


19.8
19.3
20.4
16.4
15.9
14.9
15.3
13.8
15.5
14.0
14.0

17.9
17.6
13.7
13.4
16.0
14.3
15.4
17.2
14.2
14.5
14.0
21.3
19.4
14.8
16.2

15.8
16.5
22.8
20.3
24.8
20.3
18.6
17.0
17.7
16.4
17.7
16.1
17.1
14.3
17.2
15.0
16.6
114.13
17.6
16.8


1,000
pounds


21.4
8.8
48.4
73.9
15.2
16.6
14.8
17.7
3.5
268.1
9.4
114.9
28.14
48.1
5.0
3.5
26.1
6.4
30.9
2.6
17.7
2.9
7.1
4.2
.4
2.3
4.7
6.9
47.9
9.9
.8
1.1
2.0
2.2
7.5
4.4
5.5
5.5
9.9
17.4
8.3
6.9
31.5
9.5
4.2
18.4
8.k1
49.9


Pct.


18.7
18.9
19.8
15.5
15.6
14.9
15.2
13.8
15.1
13.9
14.3
14.2
17.4
17.6
13.7
13.5
15.7
14.4
15.1
17.1
14.2
13.8
13.7
20.7
19.2
14.0
16.2

16.2
16.1
21.6
19.4
22.5
20.0
18.3
17.0
17.5
16.4
17.0
16.0
16.9
14.5
17.2
14.7
16.3
14.2
17.1!
16.8


1040.7


Pct.
81

132
114
139
113
112
107
105
100
106
99
92
108
109
99
98
93
109
100
105
96
100
101
105
142
108
106
110
133
118
107
113
109
357
109
119
98
112
108
113
106
105
100
105
102
106
107
100
103


104. 4


Pct.


914
97
93
95
95
103
99
96
96
99
152
93
97
98
114
104
97
100
98
113
95
104
87
95
93
93
96
100
105
102
100
99
91
96
101
96
93
100
98
96
96
lob
102
100
106
111
93
109


97.7


Pct.


106
103
100
.103
104
105
103
99
103
99
98
102
104
98
100
94
105
100
102
99
99
101
101
102
99
103
103
113
111
105
108
103
110
103
107
98
107
106
105
103
103
101
lob
101
106
108
98
105


101.9


V Quantity includes- Milk and cream mixtures products with milkfat content higher than whole milk
and lower than the minimum for fluid cream for the market; Fluid cream products Sweet and soured cream
meeting milkfat standards sold within the marketing area. Data include all Federal markets for which
reported data are comparable and contain no significant quantities of out-of-area sales. For other ex-
ceptions, refer to monthly issues of the Fluid Milk and Cream Report. 2/ Revised. 3/ Preliminary.
(December sales estimated.) h/ Combined for Boston, Springfield and Worcester.
S- Under State Control. 5/ Computed from unrounded data. 6/ Excludes all Massachusetts markets and
South Carolina for purposes of comparison.
Compiled from reports of Market Administrators and State milk control agencies.


- 29 -


6/15.?7 1r0-. 6/1.5







Table 23.-Average daily receipts of milk from producers, number of producers, and average daily
receipts per producer in certain Federal Order and State marketing areas, 1958-1959

Receipts fromr producers / Number of producers Receipts per producer
Marketing area 1959 1959 1959
1958 2/ 1959 3/ as % of 1958 2/ 1959 3 as % of 1958 2/ 1959 3/ as % of
1958 1958 1958
1,000 1, 00
pounds pounds Percent Number Number Percent Pounds Pounds Percent
NEW ENGLAND:
Boston, Mass./..... ........ 5,444 5,161 95 11,641 10,669 92 468 484 103
Springfield, Hass......... 572 570 100 1,047 1,017 97 546 561 103
Worcester, Mass........... 411 416 101 705 709 101 583 586 101
Connecticut / ............ 2,567 2,622 -
MIDDLE ATLANTIC:
Niagara Frontier-S ........ 2,030 2,037 100 3,450 3,232 94 588 630 107
Rochester, N.Y.-S......... 899 913 102 1,271 1,213 95 707 753 107
New York-New Jersey ..... 27,426 27,623 101 51,824 50,031 97 529 552 104
Philadelphia, Pa.......... 4,108 4,350 106 7,765 7,575 98 529 574 109
E.NORTH CENTRAL:
Northea stern Ohio 4/...... 4,239 4,269 101 9,995 9,423 94 424 453 107
Cincinnati, Ohio.......... 1,219 1,358 111 3,766 3,915 104 324 347 107
Columbus, Ohio............ 814 864 106 1,795 1,726 96 453 501 111
Dayton-Springfield, Ohio.. 1,001 1,041 104 2,157 2,022 94 464 515 111
North Central Ohio........ 524 608 116 1,190 1,242 104 441 490 ill
Toledo, Ohio.............. 765 806 105 1,518 1,334 88 504 604 120
Fort Wayne, Ind........... 293 287 98 874 821 94 336 350 104
So.Bend-LaPorte-Elkhart,Ird 609 709 116 1,131 1,257 111 538 564 105
Chicago, Ill.............. 14,247 14,395 101 20,287 19,571 96 702 736 105
Quad Cities, Mll.-Iowa..,* 560 531 95 48 858 91 591 619 105
Rockford-Freeport, Ill.... 145 146 101 192 185 96 757 790 104
Detroit, Mich............. 5,362 5,601 104 11,676 11,012 94 459 509 111
Muskegon, Mich............ 279 273 98 539 454 84 517 601 116
Upstate Michigan.......... 264 342 130 539 611 113 489 561 115
Milwaukee, Wis*........... 1,606 1,623 101 2,098 2,044 97 765 794 104
W. NORTH CENTRAL:
Duluth-Superior, Minn.-Wis. 483 483 100 1,307 1,205 92 370 401 108
Minneapolis-St. Paul,Minn. 2,332 2,334 100 3,385 3,201 95 689 729 106
Cedar Rapids-Iowa City,Ia. 507 519 102 743 739 99 682 702 103
North Central Iowa........ 567 580 102 755 695 92 752 834 111
Dubuque, Iowas............ 157 137 87 241 184 76 653 744 114
Sioux City, Iowa.......... 187 173 93 359 243 68 520 714 137
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans..... 1,593 1,740 109 3,345 3,158 94 476 551 116
Neosho Valley, Kans.-Mo... 323 387 120 760 785 103 424 493 116
St. Louis, Mo............. 1,826 1,898 104 3,722 3,468 93 491 547 111
Ozarks, Mo.-Ark........... 507 493 97 1,088 1,024 94 466 482 103
Black Hills, S.D.......... 114 117 103 142 129 91 802 906 113
Eastern South Dakota...... 85 110 129 136 148 109 626 741 118
Sioux Falls-Mitchell,S.D.. 245 273 111 328 331 101 746 825 111
Omaha-Linc.-C.B.,Nebr.-Ia. 757 806 106 1,472 1,377 94 514 586 114
Platte Valley, Nebr....... 216 243 113 363 354 98 600 695 116
Southwest Kansas.......... 147 163 111 270 250 93 552 660 120
Ifichite, Kans............. 508 636 125 797 921 116 642 698 109
SOUTH ATLANTIC:
Wilmington, Del.......... 277 248 90 484 329 68 573 754 132
Bluefield, W. Va.-Va ..... 140 141 101 271 276 102 516 556 108
Clarksburg, W. Va.......** 197 190 96 528 507 96 372 376 101
Tri-State, Ky.-Ohio-W.Va.. 632 645 102 1,965 1,809 92 322 356 111
Wheeling, W.Va.*.......... 416 435 105 1,286 1,259 98 323 347 107
Southeastern Florida...... 1,o44 1,200 115 96 103 107 L0,871 11,655 107
South Carolina -S 6/...... 915 981 107 1,360 1,297 95 673 756 112
E. SOUTH CENTRAL:
Louisville, Ky............ 1,007 1,o42 103 1,936 1,882 97 520 554 107
Paducah, Ky............... 132 143 108 309 314 102 427 456 107
Appalachian,Tenn.-Va.-Ky.. 377 412 109 692 769 111 545 599 110
Chattanooga, Tenr......... 390 410 105 786 736 94 497 558 112
Knoxville, Tenn........... 465 483 104 995 949 95 467 509 109
MpmDhis, Tenn............. 499 541 108 1,041 989 95 511 582 114
Nashville, Tenn........... 649 688 106 1,471 1,395 95 441 493 112
Central Mississippi....... 485 507 105 1,046 970 93 463 523 113


- 30 -







Table 23.--Average daily receipts of milk from producers, number of producers, and average daily
receipts per producer in certain Federal Order and State marketing areas, 1958-1959--Continued

Receipts from producers I/ Number of producers Receipts per producer

Marketing area 1959 1959 1959
1958 2/ 1959 3/ as % of 1958 2/ 1959 3/ as % of 1958 2/ 1959 3/ as % of
1958 1958 1958
1,000 1,000
W. SOUTH CENTRAL: pounds pounds Percent Number Number Percent Pounds Pounds Percent
Fort Smith, Ark........... 121 125 103 264 258 98 456 486 107
Central Arkansas.......... 491 549 112 984 992 101 539 605 112
New Orleans, La........... 930 969 104 2,377 2,178 92 391 445 114
Northern Louisiana ........ 363 408 112 728 573 79 498 713 143
Oklahoma Metropolitan..... 1,270 1,372 108 2,599 2,465 95 489 557 114
Austin-Waco, Texas ........ 368 375 102 414 382 92 921 1,018 111
Central West Texas ........ 455 493 108 554 510 92 821 967 118
Corpus Christi, Texas..... 393 425 108 428 412 96 918 1,031 112
North Texas............... 2,381 2,461 103 3,126 2,853 91 762 863 113
San Antonio, Texas ........ 553 621 112 514 534 104 1,098 1,190 108
Texas Panhandle........... 345 375 109 546 508 93 632 737 117
MOUNTAIN:
Central Arizona........... 1,023 1,179 115 446 432 97 2,295 2,729 119
PACIFIC:
Inland Empire,Wash.-Idaho. 438 442 101 862 780 90 508 566 111
Puget Sound, Wash......... 2,695 2,780 103 3,608 3,486 97 747 797 107
Total (68 markets) 7/... 102,818 105,660 102.8 187,332 179,066 95.6 549 590 107.5
SExcludes producer-handlers who purchase no milk from other producers in Federal markets.
Revised. 3/ Preliminary. 4/ Data combined prior to mergers.
Data 1958/1959 not strictly comparable. Through March 1959, State Milk Administrator data exclude
inter-plant shipments of out-of-State plants to other out-of-State plants. Federal data, beginning
April 1, 1959, include total receipts of pooled plants.
6/ Plant receipts of Grade A milk from South Carolina producers. 7/ Excludes Connecticut.


Compiled from reports of Market Administrators and State milk control agencies.





UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

3 1262 08856 6806


UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
WASHINGTON 25, D. C.

Official Business


POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE




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